Legislative history of the Fair labor standards amendments of 1974 (Public law 93-259)

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Legislative history of the Fair labor standards amendments of 1974 (Public law 93-259)
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2 v. (xlix, 2512) p. : ; 24 cm.
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United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. -- Subcommittee on Labor
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Labor laws and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
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prepared by the Subcommittee on Labor of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate.
General Note:
At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.
General Note:
Includes indexes.

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Full Text
7j .-, .'/,. ,/


94th. Congress 1
2d Sessmion I


CoXXITTEE PRIt
I5


\AaI
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY oN"


LABOR


STANDARDS AMENDMENTS


OF 1974


(Public Law 93-259)


PREPARED BY THE


SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR


OF THE


COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND


PUBLIC WELFARE


UNITED STATES


SENATE


AUGUST 1976


a


VOLUME I


a


Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare




4m









94th Congress COMMITTEE PRINT
2d Session COMMITTEE PRINT





LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE FAIR
LABOR STANDARDS AMENDMENTS
OF 1974

(Public Law 93-259)




PREPARED BY THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND
PUBLIC WELFARE


UNITED STATES


SENATE


AUGUST 1976



VOLUME I



Printed for the iise of the Committee on Labor and
Public Welfare


U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE


WASHINGTON : 1976


32-781 0














('(0MMITTEE ON LABOR ANI) PI'UBII(' WELFARE
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS. Ja., New Jersey. Chairman


,NII:N.(;.S tItA.MK0H.Iri. West Virinhia
<'I..A 1II lN I'KI.I.. l(h hl.-. I la ld
1:IW.\RI) M. KENNi':1)Y, Mniichtn ,'t t.
(;AYI.N)1(1) N K.I.S(IN, Wisconsin
WVATII:IC F'..hNI .M\I.E. Minirita
'I'HOMAS F. I:A(;I.I-:''N, M\ -.,,uirl
ALAN CR.ANSTI')N, Californlai
WI ..IAM I),. HATIi A WAY, Miln,,
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hlnnipshire


J.ACIB K JAVITS. Nw York
'IClHARI S. SCIWEIK.ER, 'ennsylvania
R( )BRT TAFT, JR., i)hln
J. (;I,-NN IKl.ALL. JR.. M\ r%1hknd
R( -I4Er T. STAFI'FIRI), Verimi.nt
PAUL IK.XALT, Nevada


DONALD ELISBURG. General Counsel
MARJORIE M. WHITTAKER, Chief Clerk
JAY B. CU'TLER, Minority Counsel


SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR


HARRISON A. WILIAIAMS, JR., New Jersey, Chairman
JENNINGS IANI)OLI'H, West Virginia JACO(')B K. JA.VITS, Nw York
CI,.\IBORNE PELL, lRhoil Island RICHARD S. S(CIIWEIKER. Penns3lvanin
GAYI I0 !i N EI.SN Wisconsin IO)B E.:RT TAFT. JR., )hio
WALTER F. MONDALE. Minnesota ROBER'T T. STAFFORI), Vermont
\WI II,.AM D. HATHAWAY, .Maln.
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire
DONALD I-LISBI'RG. Couinisel
DON ZIMMERMAN. Minority Labor Counsel


(I1)











FOREWORD


This legislative history of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments
of 1974 is a document that will be extremely useful to Members of
Congress and their staff in the consideration of pending and future
legislation affecting the working people of the Nation. Other interested
individuals will also find this an excellent publication.
This present document represents an effort to provide a complete
and comprehensive collection of legislative materials which was the
basis for the enactment of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of
1974, Public Law 93-259.
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, Jr.,
(III)



















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013













http://archive.org/detaiIs/legislat00unit











ACKNOWLEDGMENT


The indexes for this legislative history of the Fair Labor Stand-
ards Amendments of 1974 were prepared in the Fair Labor Standards
Division of the U.S. Department of Labor by Marcia Lurensky under
the immediate supervision of Carin Ann Clauss, Associate Solicitor
for the Fair Labor Standards Division. I wish to express my appre-
ciation and particular thanks to them and to other employees in the
Division who contributed to the effort.

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, Jr.,
Chairman.

















CONTENTS

Page
Foreword --------------------------- III
Acknowledgment ------------------------------------- v
Index -------------- ----------- --- xi

VOLUME I
May 7, 1973-Senate:
Introductory remarks of Senator Dominick on S. 1725-------------- 1
S. 1725, text of, as introduced-------------------------------- 5
May 21, 1973-House:
H.R. 7935, text of, as introduced---------------------------------- 23
May 22, 1973-Senate:
Introductory remarks of Senator Williams on S. 1861-------------- 53
Introductory remarks of Senator Javits on S. 1861---------------- 54
S. 1861, text of, as introduced-------------------------------- 64
May 29,1973-House:
H.R.7935:
As reported in House--------------------------------------- 90
H. Rept. 93-232--------------------------------------------- 120
May 30,1973-House:
Rule for consideration of H.R. 7935:
H. Res. 419, text of, as reported------------------------------ 222
H. Rept. 93-240-------------------------------------------- 224
June 5,1973-House:
Floor debate on H.R. 7935--------------------------------- '25
June 6, 1973-House:
Floor debate on H.R. 7935-------------------------------------- 268
June 7, 1973-Senate:
H.R. 7935, text of, as passed House and referred to Senate Committee
on Labor and Public Welfare---------------------------------- 405
June 22, 1973-Senate :
Amendment No. 252 (as modified, by Mr. Tower, for himself and Mr.
Fannin) ----------------------------------------------------436
July 9, 1973-Senate:
Notice of submission of reports by Senator Williams on S. 1861 and
H.R. 7935-------------------------------------------------- 444
S. 1861, text of, as reported July 6, 1973--------------------------- 446
S. Rept. 93-300-------------------------------------------- 479
H.R. 7935, text of, as reported July 6, 1973------------------------- 610
S. Rept. 93-301-------------------------------------------- 641
July 13,1973-Senate:
Amendments to S. 1861:
Nos. 333-335 (by Mr. Buckley)------------------------------- 642
No. 336 (by Mr. Buckley, for himself, Messrs. Bennett, Curtis,
Eastland, Thurmond, Tower, and Scott of Virginia)---------- 647
July 17, 1973-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 1861----------------------------------------- 650
Amendments to S. 1861:
No. 330 (as modified, by Mr. Dominick, for himself, Messr. Taft
and Beall)---------------------------------------------- 761
No. 359 (by Mr. Cannon. for himself and Mr. Bible)------------ 808
No. 360 (by Mr. Scott of Virginia)---------------------------- 811
No. 367 (by Mr. McGovern)--------------------------------- 814
July 18,1973-Senate:
Amendments to S. 1861:
No. 370 (by Mr. Packwood)--------------------------------- 817


(VII)






VIII


July I.s. I1973 Senate-('Cntinued Pape
No. 371 (by Mr. Cannon) .----. ---------9--------- ,9
No. 372 (by Mr. Buckley) ---------------- 21
No). 374 (by Mr. Sco(tt o)f Virginia)---------------------------- 824
No). 376 (by Mr. Tower) -------------------------------------- .26
No). 377 (by Mr. Fannin) --------------------------------------... 82
Fhl)r debate oHn S. 1861-- ---)------------ -29
July 19. 1973- Senate:
Floor debate on S. IS61 ---_------------------------------ ---------.901
Engrossed amendment to H.R. 7935----------------------- --------1039
July 2(0. 19173-Senate:
Statement bIy Mr. Di)ilneinici on his negative ,(vote ll JI.age, ()f S. 1461 1076
Appointment of conferees on II.I. 7935.` ---................... 1077
.J uly 20, 1973-1 louse:
Miess ige from IIHouse announcing its disagreement with Senate amend-
ment on IH.R. 7935-------_-------------------------------------- 1077
Appointment of conferees on H.R. 79.35--__-------------------------- 1077
July 24. 1973-J4 iint Co(iminit tee Meet i rig:
Conferees mniet in executive sessi on. lut faiiled to reach final
:igreeinenit -----------------------...---- ---- -----------_ 107S
July 25, 11173-Joint Cominlittee Meetling:
Coniferees niet in executive session but filed to reach tinal agree-
net ---------------- ..------------------------------------------- (17
July 26. 1973-Joint (o nmit tee Meeting:
Conferees mniet in executive session and agreed to file conference
reiwirt ---------------------------------------------------------- 1078
July 28, 1973-House:
Coinference report tiled (11. Rept. 93-413), July 27, 1973------------ 1080
July 2.. 1973-Senate:
Coinference re*im)rt tiled in Senate (S. Rept. 93-35) ----_------------ 1115
August 1, 1973-Senate:
Order to consider the conference report on the minimum wage bill-
Uwl nIni iltn Is-consent agreement ----------- ---------- 1149
August 2, 1973-Senate:
C',nsideratimn of conference report on 11.R. 71135 (S. Rept. 93-35.)__ 1150
August 3, 1973--house :
Consideration of conference report in IHI.R. 793.5 (H. Rept. 93-413)__ 1171
September 6, 1973:
Veto Jiessage by President, H. Doe. 93-147------------------------- 1202

VoI. .Mf: II
September 19, 1973-House:
Floor debate on H.R. 7935 concerning veto message from the Presi-
dent----------------------------------------------------------- 1225
Communications to Congressman Burton urging the Congress to
override the Presidennt's veto of IH.R. 7935 --------------------1240-1250
"Myths Versus Facts: An Analysis of President Nixon's Veto Message
on Minimum Wage." compiled Iby the International Leather Goods.
Plastics, and No)velty Workers Union----------------------- 1255-1259
Vetoes and impoundments of major legislation during the 93d
Congress- --------------------------------------- 1265
Revised text of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. as amnended- 1297-1321
November 19, 1973-Senate:
Introductory remarks o(f Senator Dominick o)n S. 2727 -------------- 1322
S. 2727, text of, as introduced------------------------------------ 1323
Section-by-section analysis of S. 2727-_-------------------- 1345-1349
S. 2727. text of, as ordered placed o(iln tlie calenda:r Noiveimlier 20. 1973- 1370
November 20, 1973--Senate:
Introductory remarks of Senator Taft on S. 2727------------------ 1350
Introductory reniarks of Senator Dmidinick in S. 2727-------------- 1352
Veto mllessage from the President ,on H.R. 7935 --------------------- 1353
Novennber 27, 1973-Senate:
Intro(ductory reimnarks of Senator Williamnis on S. 2747-------------- 1392
S. 2747, text of. as intr)duced------------------------------------- 1394
Feblrua ry 6, 1974-Senate:
S. 2747 ordered favo()ral)ly repiortled to Senatie by (C'mnniittee on Labor
arnd Public Welfare--------------------------------------------- 1445






IX


February 21, 1974:
Ameniidment No. 964 to S. 2747 (by Mr. Buckley, for hiizi slf, Messr-.
McClure, Hatfield, Fannin, Dominick, Goldwater, Brc.k. and Page
Thurmond, February 21, 1974)-------------------------------- 1446
February 25, 1974-Seinate:
S. 2747, text of, as reported in Senate, February 22, 1974---------- 1454
S. Rept. 93-690, February 22, 1974-----------.---------------- 1505
February 27, 1974-Senate:
Amendnmeiit No. 975 to S. 2747, by Mr. Buckley. text of------------- 1623
February 28, 1974-Daily Digest:
Consideration of S. 2747 (minimum wage)---------------------- 1627
February 28, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 2747---------------------------------------- 1627
Excerpts from the committee report (exemptions) ---------- 1651-1661
Court case:
Nelson Eugene Souder et al. versus Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
of Labor et al., Civil Action No. 482-73-------------- --- 164-1670
Letter from President Nixon to Senator Williams, February 27, 1974- 1671
Remarks of Senator Church on S. 2747--------- ----------------- 1673
Amendments to S. 2747:
No. 975 (by Mr. Buckley, February 27, 1974) ------------------1624
No. 981 (by Mr. Taft for Mr. Dominick, for himself, Messrs. Taft
and Beall)------------------------------ ---------------- 1687
No. 982 (by Mr. Taft. for himself, Messrs. Dominick and Beall)- 1690
No. 983 (by Mr. Taft. for Iiizis-lf. Messrs. Dominick and Beall) -_ 1691
No. 984 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1693
No. 985 (by Mr. Taft)------------------------------------- 1695
No. 986 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1697
No. 987 (by Mr. Taft)------------------------------------- 1699
No. 989 (by Mr. Dominick, for himself, and Mr. Taft, March 1,
1974)-------------------------------------------- 1705
No. 990 (by Mr. Dominick, for himself and Mr. Taft, March 1,
1974)-------------------------------------------------- 1707
No. 993 (by Mr. Bartlett to Amendment No. 987 intended to be
proposed by Mr. Taft, March 4, 1974)----------------------- 1709
No. 997 (by Mr. Buckley, March 5, 1974)--------------------- 1712
No. 999 (by Mr. Dole, March 6, 1974)----------------------- 12
No. 1001 (by Mr. Dole, March 6, 1974)------------------------ 1833
March 5, 1974-Daily Digest:
Resumption of consideration of S. 2747------------------------- 1714
March 5, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 2747--------------------------------------- 1714
Statement of Dr. John T. Dunlop, Director of the Cost of Living
Council, before the Joint Economic Committee------------------ 1725
List of tables submitted for the record by Senator Williams:
Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees paid less than
the minimum wage rates specified in S. 2747 and estimated cost
of raising their wages to those rates------------------- 1759-1762
Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees brought under
the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the Fair Labor
Standards Act by S. 2747 (Williams-Javits bill)-------------- 1763
Estimated number of wage and salary workers added to the mini-
mum wage and overtime coverage of the Fair Labor Standards
Act by S. 2747 (Williams-Javits bill)------------------- 1764-1765
Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees exempt from the
minimum wage and/or overtime provisions of the Fair Labor
Standards Act as amended by S. 2747 (Williams bill) United
States-Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees in
categories in which exemption applies----------------- 1765-1767
Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees paid less than the
minimum wage rate specified in H.R. 12435 and estimated cost
of raising their wages to those rates------------------- 1767-1770
Estimated number of nonsupervisory employees brought under
the minimum wage and overtime provisions of the Fair Labor
Standards Act by H.R. 12435 (Dent bill)-------------------- 1771
Estimated number of wage and salary workers added to the mini-
mum wage and overtime coverage of the Fair Labor Standards
Act by H.R. 12435 (Dent bill)------------- ---------------- 1772








Mar-l 5 7. 1i74-- -Seinatit (C'iitimied I'(aPi
Estimated number of nmjnsulervls(ory emplovees exempt from the
minimuni wage and/or overtime provisions of the Fair Labor
Standards Act. as amended Iby 11.11. 12435, U'nited States-
Estimated niiumnber tf insnsplerisory einmpldoyees in categorleM
in which exemption applies..-..---- ------..... -- 1773-1774
List (if economic studies published by the Employment Standards
Admininistration, 1954 to date------------------------------- 1774--1791
Location of retail establlshtments with volu me under $250,000 per
year ---------------------------------- ----------- 102-1 R 7
F'iior delbatte continued oi S. 2747------------------------------ i%12
Marcli 7. 1974-Daily Digest
Passage of S. 2747-------------------------------------------- I34
March 7, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 2747 ------------------------------------------ 134
List of ecenfmlic studied' published by the Employment Standards
Administration, 195.4 to date1.-----------------------------1 4-l2
Flour dlt-bate ciintinued on S. 2747------------------------------ 153- 1!'59I
S. 2747, text of. as printt! 1 and passed ------------------------ 1I60
Authorization for Secretary of Senate to make technical and clerical
corrections in engrossment of S. 2747---------------------------- 2011
Marchi 11, 1974-House:
Referral of S. 2747 to Committee on Education and Labor---------- 2012
Mlarcl 13, 1974-Daily Digest :
Report on H.R. 12435 ---------------------------------.----------- 2013
H.R. 12435:
As reported in House, March 14. 1974---------------------- 2014
House Report 93-913, March 15, 1974---------------------- 211(0
March 20, 1974-Senate:
Message from the House of Representatives on S. 2747----- 220V-2229
March 20. 1974-House:
Introductory remarks by Mr. Madden on H.R. 12435- --------------- 2230
H.R. 12435, text of, summary of the Fair Labor Standards Amend-
mients. of 1974 (as reported by the Committee on Education and
Labor, March 15, 1974) ------------------------------2235-2239
Fact sheet-Minimum wage and the standard of living, February 28,
1974 ------------------------------------------------- 224-2248
Floor debate continued on H.R. 12435 ----------------------------2249
Committee amendment in the nature of a substitute printed in the
reported bill as an original bill for the purpose of amemenent - --- 228
Consideration of S. 2747-------------------------------------- 2314-2342
Appointment of conferees on S. 2747, Fair Labor Standards Act of
1938 ---------------------------------------------------------- 2342
March 21, 1974-Daily Digest:
Executive session of Conferees on Senate- and House-passed versions
of S. 2747------------------------------------------------------ 2343
March 2(;. 1974-Daily Digest:
conferees s agreed to file conference'e replrt-------------------------- 2343
March 26, 1974-Daily Digest:
Filing of conference report on S. 2747----------------------------- 2343
March 26, 1974-House:
Submission of conference report on S. 2747-------------------------- 2344
S. Rept. 93-758. March 28. 1974-------------------------------- 2346
March 28, 1974-House:
Floor debate on conference report on S. 2747---------------------- 2376
Discussion of differences between Senate bill and House amendment,
along with resolutions of those differences----- -23.4X6-2393
March 28, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate of conference report on S. 2747---------------------- 2402
Section-by-section analysis -_----------------------------------- 240.4-2414
Enrolled bill presented------------------------------------------- 2429
April 9. 1974-Daily Digest:
Bill signed by the President (Public Law 93-259)------------------ 2430
Public Law 93-259, April 8, 1974---------------------------------- 2431
Changes in existing law made by the Fair Labor Standards Amend-
ments of 1974 -------------------------------------------------- 2452






















INDEX


I. Subject
II. Case Law
III. Congressional:
Members of the House of Representatives
Members of the Senate
IV. Procedural History
V. Sectional






























I. SUBJECT


















Page
Adie, Douglas and Gene L. Chapin--------------------------- 246, 318, 912
Administrative studies:
See Table of Contents.
See also Department of Labor Studies.
AFL-CIO ------------------------------------------------------- 1030
Correspondence to Representative Burton---------------- 1240.1244, 2269
Age:
See 1.xo "Youth," "Youth Differential" -------------------2228,2393,2414
Wage differential for older workers---------------------------- 944-948
Age discrimination in employment------------------------------- 534,
546, 584, 585, 586. 652, 945. 1i62, 1673. 1674, 2228. 2229, 2366-236's
Age Discrimination in Employment Act: Broadening of coverage,
history of, recent amendment to, hearings of the Senate Subcom-
mittee on Aging, authorization of funds, extension of coverage to
Federal workers------------------------------- 979, 1028, 1965, 2404
Agricultural coverage--------------------------- 316, 1264, 1650, 2217, 2350
Agricultural employees, workers--------------------------------------- 53,
60, 129, 134, 164, 178, 197, 198, 200, 230, 231, 252, 269, 274, 298, 299,
300, 301, 302, 316, 333, 337, 392, 393, 394, 430, 480, 489, 507, 508,
543, 544, 570, 571,573, 578, 847. 869, 2284, 2386
Hand harvest workers, seasonal----------------------------- 999, 1196
Agricultural handling------------------------ ---------------------- 851
Agricultural labor, wage rates------------------------------ 298, 299, 2216
Agricultural processing industries:
See also "cotton ginning, processing and cotton seed processing,"
"maple sap processing," "pineapple processing sugar processing"--- 55,
166, 201, 213. 259, 514, 517, 518, 543, 922, 998-1001, 1175, 1798. 2391,
2412
Seasonal industry employees------------------------------------ 130,
131, 132, 148, 149, 150, 166, 213, 259, 366, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 541,
543, 562, 602, 603, 1653-1654, 2223, 2323, 2358, 2391, 2412
Agriculture:
See also listings under "agricultural"------------ ----------------- 880
Child labor in-------------------------------------------------- 56,
201, 377, 508, 509, 510, 511. 545, 574, 577, 578, 1027, 1650, 1675-1676,
2418
Commodities -------------------------------------------------- 876
Coverage ---------------------------------------------507, 508, 1027
Department of Agriculture studies-poor poultry farmers----------- 161
Minimum wage -----------------------------------------------1650
Ambulaniice drivers, employees------------------ ---------------- 2258-2260
Ambulance service, fire department service-------------------------- 2258
Crews -------------------------------------------------------2380
Amendments. See index of Procedural History and Table of Contents.
American Association of Presidents of Independent Colleges and Uni-
versities --------------------------------------------------215,246
American Federation of Labor. See AFL-CIO.
American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees-------- 1249
American Postal Workers Union------------------------------------- 1249
Amherst College-------------------------------------------------- 246
Armour & Co--------------------------------------------------- 885
Automobile, trailer, truck, farm implement, boat or aircraft dealers)
and employees---------------------------------------------- 200,259
Salesmen, partsmen, mechanics---------------------- 524, 544, 573, 2222
Employees of boat dealers------------------------------- 132,169,368
(xv)






XVI

Autii, iililt, trailt-r. truck, farmi inipli--nitnt. ,boat or aircraft dealt-r(s)
and1, r'lL y c'- C( iiiti hicd Ii .
Boats. autiuinobiles, trailers, trucks, farm imiplvnements or aircraft_-- 200,
1i.,X. 2222. 23.:9;
B1,ats. aut, o iin ll ile, trucks anid agricultural impfliit'nt ---------- 259
Auto. aircraft, and truck and trailer dealers-- ---------------------- 993

B
Ill.v.itti-q --r- -_ -__- __ ___ ___ ____ '-;: - ;3 1 49. I17'2. I 'T,9 1. 9s. 2220. 2250, 2353
Hick waUt'-": Suits by theilt Sctret:iry of T.:;ilhr_ --------------------------_ 2227
la ktrs. sannill, u 1iinly shop. ice crei in parlors. ____ _______ 858, 1018
]ang,,r Daily N,\\s of June 27, 1973------- --------------------------- 882
Bi4iikiiL I l i,.-iiiiz- :;il l rli,:n AffAtirs ('oiijliiilt-'_ __ ____ '147, 9.S.. 9,Ix% I' 19 ,
B:irtriilvrs Interii:itiii1l 'ni oii-- ------------------------------------- 226,S
1e'kt'rs, E. J., Jr-------------------------------------- -------------- 905
Beiiitez. Ctiiliissiuoiier-- ------------------------------------------8 890, 894-89;
Bills. Si Talet, of<' iliteiits.
B:iridling or l.din loist 1---------_- --------------------------------- I
See alt.o Domestics.
Boat dealers, sce "Automobile, Trailer, Truck, Farm Implement, Boat or
Aircraft Dealer Employees."
Bowling establishnimnt,_ ----------------------------------------------- 526,
5445. 574, ,7(1. 14;1., 2222. 2357. 2391. 2411
Boyl, Tl'i .,inis E -----------------------------------------------------1248
Briiiiiiia. Peter J ------------------------------------ 274, 519.114. 1K22. 1.S27
Bright, David-------------------------------------------------------- 882
Briinimer, Andrew F------------------------------------ 215, 246. 2S6, 60S-609
Brooklyn Center, mayor of-------------------------------------------- 309
Brown. Benjamin---------------------------------------------------- 934
Brozen, Yale -------------------------------------- 216, 832, 909, 910, 911,972
Budgets. .cr also: "State and local gvernnuent":
State and local, impact of extended coverage on----------------------- 1029
Buggradff, Wayne S-------------------------------------------------- 310
Burden of Proo f: Tip credit ------------------------------------1953
Ilur,;Lll of the Ceiii-------_----------------------------------------- 2061
Statistics relating to poor families-------------------------------- 1235
Burns, Arthur ------------------------------------------------------- 303
Busdrivers. Scc also "Charter activities":
School lus drivers. ,vertime- ---------------------- 1188
Butler, Jerry E------------------------------------------------------ 1001

C
California :
Petition from State of, regarding certification of student workers------ 920
Canal Zone and Panama:
Coverage of ejnployees in---------------------------------- -41. 1G49
Erlenhorn bill ----------------------------------------------251. 252
Minimum wage increase not applicable to employees in------------- 202,
272. 344-352, 399
Minimum "watz< in---------------------------------- 494. 5-6, 1186
Panama --------------------------212, 345, 346.347, 348, 349. 350. 351,352
Capitol Hill Pl ice '----------------------------- 277-2278
Case law. Srree Table of Cases.
Catering and food services------------------------------------------ 526.993
('Chain -tore estaIlishni-its---_ ----------------- 2279. 2382
'li;iinlr of Cornmerc., .S-------------------------------- 236.1279. 1285
Chapin, Gene L. and Douglas Adie-------------------------------- 318.972
('Charter activities, husdrivers----------------------------- 55,147,148,544
Charts. See Table of Contents.
Child Labor:
Analogy of amendments to Federal child labor laws of 1938 ---------- 320
Genera I --------------------------------------------------------- 3,
612. 131. 132. 153. 154, 155), 156. 157, 16 16, 168., 196. 202, 203, 204, 205.
215. 216, 226. 227, 241, 246. 257, 25., 272. 275. 277, 2.M3. 2.4, 285, 376,
377, 378. 379. 380, 3,1. 384, 385, ..S7, 388. 391. 394, 527, 528, 529. 530,
531, 532. 533, 534, 569. 575, 577, 58.2, 6(104, 05, 606, 607, 608, 609,
119.-1194, 1929, 2227, 2364-2365, 2393. 2413







XVII

Child Labor-Continued Page
Penalties ------------------62, 206, 509, 545, 546, 569, 1195-1196, 2227, 2413
Proof of age-------------------------------------------------- 111
In agriculture -------------------------------------------------56,
201, 377, 508, 509. 510. 511, 545. 574, 577, 578, 1650. 1675-1676, 2227,
2364-2365, 2393, 2413, 2418
Regulations --------------------------------------------------- 569
Civil Aeronautics Board------------------------------------------- 1281
Civil Penalties, Child Labor----- 62, 206, 509. 345, 546. 569, 1195-1196. 2227, 2413
Civil Service Commission----------------------------- 1649, 1714, 2242, 2351
Jurisdiction of Federal coverage---------------- ----------------1004
Cohoes, New York----------------------- --------------------------351
Coleman, Dr. James S----------------------------- -----------------609
College and University Personnel Association-------------------------- 246
Commerce clause---------------------------------------------- 9i2, 1S,21;
Colmierce., Secretary of-------------- ------------------------1947, 1949
Committees. See name of House and Senate committees.
Companions. See also "Domestic Service":
To aged, or infirm---------------- --------------------963, 1649, 2292
Definition of---------------------------------------- 1792. 2220, 2355
Comprehensive Employment Training Act------------------------------ 1793
See also "Youth, Unemployment of"
Conductors, local transit employees on electric railways, local trollies, or
buses --------------------------------------------------------- 2267
Conference reports. See Table of Contents.
Conglomerates, employees of------------------- ------------------ 55,
121, 129, 132, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 168, 169, 322, 340, 368, 389,
2111,2222,2357, 2391
Congressional intent------------------ ----------------------------- 1827
Congressional salaries---------------------------------------------- 864
Conlaii, Dr. James------------------------------------------------ 1174
Connmeticut State Legislature---------------- ----------------------1191
Constitutionality of Coverage-------------------------------------- 2260
Construction Workers--------------------- ------------------------ 22S6
Consumer Price Index------------------- --------------------------134,
235, 864, 938, 1029, 1260, 1263, 1272-1273, 1743, 1752, 2281-2282
Cost of living:
See also "Minimum wage"--------------- -----2284-2285, 2393. 2398, 2420
Adjustment --------------------------------------------------1030
Increase in----------------------- 1031,1839, 2233-2234, 226;2, 2284, 2287
Index -------------------------------------------------------1226
Inflation ----------------------------------------------------- 2422
Cost-of-Living Council------------------------------------------ 244,
1225. 1279,1286, 1288, 1291, 1724-1728,1732, 1740,1748
Cost of Living Index---------------------------------- 230,1892-1s93
Cotton garment business, men's------------------------------------- 972
Cotton ginning-------------------- ------------------------------- 208,
524, 526. 527, 545, 573, 993, 1176, 1196, 1654-1655, 1659-1660, 2223,
2225, 2358-2360, 2411-2412
Cotton Processing Services----------- 370, 371,386, 2225, 2358-2361, 2391, 2412
Cottonseed Processing Services------------------------ 2225, 2358-2359, 2363
Coverage ----------------------------------------------------1647-1648
Conglomerates ------------------------------------------------- 258
Custodial employees----------------- -------------------------- 22(63
Domestic Service Employees, see Domestic Service Employees------- 54, 60
Enterprise Basis------------------------------------- 2229. 2351, 2389
Extension of in 1966--------------------------- 213, 258, 495, 497, 1003
General ------------------------------------------------------128,
133, 134, 138-140, 163-165, 178-181, 210, 212, 213, 233-239, 244, 245,
253-258, 262-263, 268, 278-279, 479, 482-484, 493-497, 541, 542, 543,
597,1896

D
Damages, liquidated------------------------- 57, 63, 546, 587, 1952, 2393, 2414
Daylight saving time: Amendments to the Emergency Daylight Saving
Time Energy Conservation Act of 1973--------------- 1854-1884,1886-1889


32-781 (Vol. I) 0) 7 2







XVIII


Page
Democratic Farmer Labor Party---------------------------....-----------. 291
IThn'i-ratic Ste.ring 'jniiiiitte,----- ---- ----126I -12614
I)elIt. John II ------------------------------------------------- 2231
Correspondence to/f rom Members of the House-- 151-152, 240, 348, 349, 350
IDcpiartriniet of Lalo)r, 19Gs report----------------------------------- 239-240
Discrimination :
Age-S-c "Age Discrimination," "Age Discrimination In Employment
Act."
Racial ---------------------------------------------------------- 923
Sex-Sec "Equal Pay."
Domestic service employees:
S'cr also "lalb ysitters." substitutee parents"------------------------- 54,
121. 131. 150, 151, 152. 167, 177, 178, 19!2, 199. 214, 250., 258, 259, 264,
2(65. 266, 27S. 279. 2SO., 2.1, 2s2, 2s3-293. 296, 297, 298. 30, 307, 308.
325, 3 M. 367-369, 397, 39s, 498, 4.), 5(0, 501, 502, 514, 541, 543, 545.
560, 575, 597, 59s. 5199. 949,. 950, 951. 952, 953. 954, 955, 957, 959-961,
973, 1027, 1029, 1032. 1269, 1277, 1286,). 1676-lt86, 1714, 1717, 1791-
1792, 1797, 1S (-1N)1, 1,13. 1815-1822. 1.s24-1225, 18,5, 1897, 1954.
2220, 2253-2254, 2353, 2372, 2382, 23. 4, 23W), 2403. 2410. 2416, 2.118
Constitutionality of coverage------ 949. 959, 9(3. 1q1l -1S21, 1.S27-1828. 2416
I)etinition -------------- 541, 949, 964. 1813. 1815, 1.S95-1.496, 222)0, 2353, 23-S6
Dent letter------------------------------------------------------ 151
Difficulty of eiforcenimnt ----------------------951, 952, 953, 954, 95N. 2373
Effect of extension of the Act:
On employment--------------------------------- 973, 1822. 1825, 1.954
As a remedy to discrimination------------------- 959, 1820, 1825-1826
Erlenborn amendment-------------------------------------------- 325
Exemption for live in workers---------------------------------- 199,574
Lawn mowing-------------------------------------- 951. 952, 953, 956, 966
Minimum wage rate applicable------------------------------- 178, 349
Need for extension----------------------------- --------------280,
282, 286. 296-298. 306, 307, 308, 397, 398, 597-599, 960, 965, 1029,
1032, 1033, 128(1, 1817-1818, 1890-1897, 1954
Median income of------------------------- 278, 321,957,1033, 1267-1268
Racial ethnic background--------------------------------------- 958-959
Minimum wage rate applicable------------------------------- 178, 349
Relationship to interstate conmmerce------------------------------ 949,
959-968, 1818-1821, 1827-1828, 2416
Test of coverage:
Hours worked per week-------- -----------2372, 2382, 2403, 2410, 2416
Coverage under Social Security Act-------------------------- 192.
543. 560, 959, 960, 965, 1822, 1827, 1896
Dunlop, John T----------------------------------------------1724-1725

E
Economic effects studies --------------------------------------------515,
843, 846 (of 1959) ; 847 (of 1972) ; 974, 975, 1651-1652, 2228, 2386.
2393,2414
Economic Impact. See minimum wage. economic effects.
Economic Stabilization Act. See minimum wage.
Edina -----------------------------------------------------------1274
E(lucation Amendments of 1972 (amending the Equal Pay Act)---------- 1510
Edducation and Labor Committee---------------------- 1231,2234, 2252, 2266
Educational institutions--__------------ 246, 313, 389, 489, 531,541. 545, 778, 2279
Effective date ------------------------------------------------------ 57,
63, 133. 134, 140, 141, 146, 147, 163, 166. 167, 169. 178. 179, 180.
181, 18,2, 18.3, 184, 211, 273. 274, 275. 276. 341, 342. 343, 344. 369,
370, 478, 479, 494, 542. 556.5.57, 558, 559. 1928-1929. 2229. 2374-2375
Employee defined------------------ 54. 55, 171, 548, 584, 653, (54. 2218. 2350, 2409
Employer defined-------------------------------------------------- 4,
130, 171, 548, 583, 584, 653. 1828,. 2218, 2241, 2349, 23.81. 2389, 2409
Enforcement --------------------- 185, 195,196, 250, 506, 507, 535, 536, 568, 1662
Enterprise -------------------------------------------------------1195
Defined ---------------------------------------130,173, 551, 2219, 2351







XIX


Enterprise engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for Page
commerce ------------------------121,124,125,170,174, 555, 560, 2219, 2351
Equal pay-------------------------------------------------- 1287, 22so
Esch, Marvin------------------- ---------------------------------- 216
Eshleman, Edwin D------------------ -----------------------------216
Executive branch employees (Federal Government)------- 1840-.1841, 2218, 2350
Exemptions -------------------------------------------------------55,
56, 61, 130, 131, 132, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 213, 259,
272, 497, 513, 514, 515, 538, 544, 545, 569-576, 598, 603, 843, 850,
944, 998, 1024,1195, 1650-1652, 1798-1799, 2225-2226

F
Family members. See Domestics.
Farmworkers. See Agricultural Employees.
Feder, Gerald --- ------------------------------------------------2419
Federal employees-------------------------- ----------------------- 2,
4, 57, 60, 121, 122, 125, 128, 129, 130, 135, 146, 147, 164, 165, 201,
213, 226, 228, 240, 248, 249, 258, 262, 275, 293, 353, 354, 355, 397,
494, 503, 534, 585, 600, 1649, 1954, 2218-2219, 2281, 2349-2350, 2389,
2409
See also "Government employees," "nonappropriated fund employees",
"military personnel," Library of Congress, Postal Rate Comm'n
Employees, "wage board employees"
Age discrimination-------------- -- --- 57, 534, 579, 2404
Comparison of 1974 amendments, existing law, proposed 1973 amend-
ments ------------------------------------------------------- 60
Coverage -------------------------------------------------- --- 2,
4, 121-122, 125, 128, 130, 146-147, 165, 213, 226, 228, 240, 248-249,
258, 262, 285, 293, 505, 600, 1004, 1669, 2389, 2409
Of policemen and firemen------------------------------------ 600
Definition -------------------------------------------- 2349-2350
Equal Employment Opportunity Amendment of 1972------------ 1005
Exemption of elected officials or their immediate advisers not in
the civil service system--------- --- ----- -------------- 1005
Funding for procedure to file complaints---------------------- 1025
Income of---------------------------------------- 235,1253,1277
Legislative branch employees---------------------- 1848, 2228, 2350
Library of Congress Employees----------------- 654,1649, 2215, 2350
Military Personnel--------------------------------------- 2218
Minimum wage----------------------------- 135, 164, 220, 397, 494
Overtime exemption---------------------- 201, 240, 248-249, 353-355
Filbey, Francis--------------------------------------------------- 1249
Firefighters:
See "law enforcement personnel," "police," "State and local govern-
ment employees"----- -------------------------------------- 1649,
1791, 1794, 1796, 1799, 1931, 1935, 1941, 2265 (H.R. 12435), 2266,
2351-2352, 2371-2372, 2383, 2392, 2403-2404, 2422
Exemption for small departments--------------------------- 2378, 2416
Exemption: see also "overtime"---------------------------------- 2259
Hours worked:
"Off duty" hours-------------------------------------------- 521
Sleeptime ------------------------------------------------2422
Average work week hours and impact of act's overtime---------- 1190,
(St. Louis Park) ; 1191, 1933-1934, 1936-1937 (California) ; 2259,
2379-2383, 2387, 2395-2397, 2416, 2420 (Colorado).
H.R. 12435--------------------------------------------------- 2265
Secretary's authority to issue regulations------------------------- 2372
Fitzsimmons, Frank E----------------------- ---------------------- 1245
Fleisher, Belton M ------------------------------------------------295
Food Service Employees------------------------------------------- 122,
129, 514, 526, 54-1, 554, 573, 576, 1660, 2222, 2356-2357, 2391, 2411
Forestry and logging employees---------------- -------------------- 198,
202, 514, 516, 544,545, 571,574, 575, 2392, 2412
Friedman, Milton--------------------------------------------- 832, 904
Funeral homes----------------------------- ----------------------2258






XX

G
PBKa
George Washington UIniversity Center for Manpower Policy Studies--...- 245
(linslirg, lIen -------------------------------------------- __2264, 2271-2277
(.x, il fiith (IfelIs -----------------------------------------------1952
See Liquidated damages.
Goodwill Industries of Indianapolis---------------------------------- 906
Government employees. See Federal employees and State and local govern-
mient employees.
Grigg., Charles: Griggs Self-Service Department Store------------- ----905

H

Hand harvest workers. See Agricultural employees.
Handicapped workers-------------------------------------------- 906
Hanley, Edward T----------------------------------------------- 1032
Hansen, Julia Butler---------------------------- -------------------152
I[:r(3ly, ( -nr------ ---------------------------------------------- 1245
Hayes (J. L.) & Co.. Inc.--------------------------------------- 883, 884
Hinrichs, Prof. A. F----------------------------------------------- 295
Hoch, Saul ------------------------------------------------------- 155
Hodgson, Jamees D.:
1971 report to Cngress_ ---------------------------------- 137,237,530
1972 repol)rt---------- --------------------------- 1037, 127.-, 1279. 12.')
Holt. Marjorie S --------------------------------- ----------------- 152
Homeworkers (industrial) :
Roevords and inspection of------------------------------------ 568-569
Regulations ------------------------------------------------196, 569
HopIpe. Arthur -----------------------------------------------1240-1250
Hotel, motel, and restaurant employees:
See also Maids and custodial employees --------------------------121,
122, 129, 132, 142, 143, 1V8, 163, 168, 322, 340, 368, 489, 522, 542, 544,
554, 572, 993
Adjustment in tip credit--------------------------------------- 1032,
165G-1657, 1957, 2221. 2268, 2:355-2356, 2390, 2411
Hours worked ----------------------------------------------------173,
185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 504, 505. 562, 563, 1005-1006,
1529, 16(56. 18249 1.338-1939. 2380, 23:,4. 24(04
House Sul'omiittee on l.nlr------------------------------------- 1795
Household Workers. See Domestic Service Employees.
House- managers report- --------- -------------- 2376,2378
House parents for institutionalized children-------------------------- 133,
1699, 199, 259. 272, 313, 314, 315, 369. 526, 545. 574, 1660-f1661. 2222.
2279, 2357, 2391, 2412
House of Representatives: Members of. See Index of Members of Congress.
Huber, Robert J-------------------------------------------------- 216
Humphrey, George------------------------------------------------ 881

I

Industry: Defined-------------------------------------------- 2219. 2350
Injlluncti,1 plroee-dings -------------------------------------------208. 5,81
Tnternntionil Brotlierhond of Electri-ail Workers----------------------- 1248
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and
Helpers of America------- -------------------------------------- 1245
International Chemical Workers Union -__-----------.. ---------- 1248.
Internatioiin Leather Goods, P'lastic.4. -and Novelty Wurkers Union_-- 1255-1259
Intern;ational Union of ElectrieaI, Radio, and Machine Workers---- 1248-1249

J
.Jionings, P.iul------------------------------------------------------- 1248
Johnson, Lyndon Baines ------------------------------------------- 127
Joseph Kir,-,hner Co., Inc--------------------------------------- 885
Johnstown, Pa--------------------------------------------------- 2254






XXI

Page
Joint explanatory statement of the committee on conference------- 2371-2375
Judicial branch employees:
See also Federal Employees-------------------------------- 2218, 2350

K

Keenan, Joseph D----------------_--------------------------------1248
Kelly, Hashimote, Mincer, & Douglas Adie--------------------------- 246
Kemp, Jack F---------------------------------------------------- 216
Kennedy, John F------------------------------------------------- 127
Koontz, Elizabeth Duncan--------------------------------------- 501,964
Kosters, Marvin & Finis Welch------------------------------- 246, 287, 832

L
Labor Department: 1965 Manpower Report of the President------------ 924
Labor and Public Welfare Commjittee, Seijate------------- 866,933,1786,2415
Labor unions----------------------------------------------------- 1173
See also under specific union name.
Landry, I)r. Richard S -------------------------------- 236, 322, 126GS, 1290
Laundry and cleaning establishments----------------- ---- 132,157,158, 368
Law enforcement personnel:
See also Police and firefighters.
See als.i "State and local government employees"------------------ 1933-
1934, 1939, 2352, 2383, 2396-2397,2416
Police -----------------------------------------------1935, 2265
H.R. 12435-------------------- 2379, 2383-2384. 2392, 2403-2404, 2422
Capitol Hill Police-------------------- 2277-2278
Exclusion of police and firemen---------------------------------- 359
Local police------------------------------ 2259
Metropolitan Police-------------------- -----------------------2277
Hours worked:
"Off duty" hours------------------------------------------- 521
Overtime ------------ 1190, 2259, 2379-2383, 2387, 2395-2397, 2416, 2420
Prevailing work practices----------------------------------------- 2416
Sleeptime ----------------------------------------------------2422
Workshifts ---------------------------------------------------1191
Students, police and firefighting personnel-------------------------- 2425
Secretary's authority to issue regulations -------------------------2372
Learners:
Employment of----------------------- ------------------------2407
Regulations --------------------------------------------------2406
Legislative branch employees. See also Federal Government, employees of.
Legislative history---------------- -------------------------------1757
Levitan, Sar A-------------------------------------------- 215,245,908
Library of Congress employees:
See also Federal employees---------------------------- 1649,2215,2350
Liquidated damages: See "Damages."
Local transit employees--------------------- -----------------------130,
147, 148. 165, 166, 199, 364, 365, 514, 520, 521, 541, 544, 572, 575,
603, 1656-1657, 2224, 2360, 2392, 2412
Logging and sawmill operations------------------------------ 1652-1653, 2225
Small logging crews------------------------ ---------------------- 516

M
Maids and custodial employees of hotels and motels----------------- 158,368
Maine Poultry Industry Association----------------------------- 881,882
Maple sap processing---------------- 544, 573,1659,1956-1957, 2223. 2359-2360
Martinto, Frank D----------------------------------------------- 1248
Meany, George (correspondence to the Hon. Phillip Burton)-------- 1030,1240
Mental institutions, employees of--------------------------------- 200, 551
Military department, civilians. See Federal employees.
Military personnel------------------------------------------- 2218, 2350
Excluded from coverage--------------------------------------- 1004






XXII


Page
Mincer, Jacob_ 287
NMinimiumi wu -16,3-------------- M14. 147-1l14K, 2423
Adjustment --------------..- -..------.. --.... 1030
A.griciulrlnr -----------------------17-4, 1954. 2216, 2347, 2371. 23-.Sl. 240M)
('anail Zoe ---------------- ---- ------------------------- --- 11M
Cost of living ------------------------------ 2281-22-5. 2393. 239. 242 )
Increase In ------------------------- 1031. 1I. 2233-2234, 2262. 2284. 22m7
Cost of Living Council----------------------------------------- 244,
1225, 127S). 12.s,. 12K,. 1291. 1724-172-4. 1732, 1740, 17-148
Co.st oif Living Indx----------------------------- 23(1. 1226, 1892-1893
Department of Labor study (1970) regarding extension of coverage- 146,
147,285, 286
Diiiii'ployiiiit effit ----9-------- 295. 305 31. !3)1, N12. 919. 1037, 1203. 22816
Economic effects. ------ 1006, 1007, 1008. 1009, 1010, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014
Economic Stabilization Act -------------------------------------.... 837,
9S.-P. 6N). 1.512. 1714. 1718-1720. 1722-1723. 1,v4s, 2264
Effects on American made products and balance of payment ------- 212,
243. 90(). 1(r23. 1)34. 1931. 2253. 2271
Efftvt on BlJi Effect oHn ,lplOylelnt-------------- --------------- 3. 1035. 1.424-1,.2.5, 2283
Et imi ted number of tlniployees ------------------------------------ 1757
Extended coverage---------------------------------------- 901,1035
Family members, payment of minimum wage to-------------------- 956
Farmworkers -------------------------------------------------- 997
Tiiini't pi lo<'il g4)-riinne'nt bu(Ilgets- -------------------- 1012. 1273. 1939
Impact on rural communities--------------------------------- 1034, 1035
TIcre-ise of b-ise rate-------------------------------------- 1023,2403
Industry committees -------------------------------------------144
Inflation effect------------------------------------------------ 236,
245. ..59, 6f0. 878, 1197, 1204. 122:, 120.3. 2267, 2393-2394, 2422
Job oi)1ortunities ---------------------------------_ 947, 973, 1204-1205
Marginal workers ------------------------------------------972, 973
Median income of women-------------------------------------- 278
Minorities effects on--------------------------------------1246-1247
Nonagricultural workers---------------------------------------- 184,
24C. 29(0, 69. 1173-1174, 2244-2275, 2284-22S.5, 2376-2377, 2382,
23-14
Poverty level---------------------------------------------- 836, 961
Ripple effect-------------------------------------------------- 868
Size alndl timing of increase-------------- 236. 291.379. 5.33. 1226, 1512,1752
Wage rates------------------------------------- 13S, 1646, 1648, 2408
Erlenborn substitute ------------------------------------------- 239
Minimum wage rates:
Agriculture ----------------------------------------- ----------- 1,
53. 58. 121, 122, 124, 129, 134, 139, 140, 163, 178, 181, 239, 275,
320, 334
Nonagricultural employees, pre-1966---------------------- 121,
58. 121. 122, 128, 129, 134, 138, 163, 164. 165. 299, 300. 333, 396,
1716-1717, 1754, 1756). 1791, 1809-1810, 134. 1.)1l-1X,! 1924-192.,
2216. 2231. 223.. 2261, 2382. 2408
Nonagricultural employees pre-1966------------------------------ 121,
122, 128,163, 239,268, 275. 299. 316, 320
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Island ---------------- 1, 55. 59. 122, 1647, 1782
Agricultural minimum wage------------------------------- 896
Appldieatimoi of Federal laws in Puerto Rico------------------- 1942,1944
Hotel and restnaurnnt enmloyees' exemptio......---- -----------23
Industry wage committee----------------------------------- 141-145,
175-179. 183. 1,84, 192, 193, 553. 554. 1946. 2216-2218. 2241, 2347-
23.49. 2375
Minimum wage increase----------------------------------------- 1,
55, 59, 121, 122, 13, 163-164, 219, 269-272. 340-344, 482, 511, 513,
543. 156-558, 5-A60, 2216-2218. 2347-2349. 2389. 2404
Minimum wage parity-------------------- ---------------------1650
Wage orders----------------- 141-145, 175-179, 183, 184, 192, 193, 565-566






XXIII

Page
Minnesota League of Municipalities---------------------------------- 309
Minors:
See also "Child Labor," "Students," "Youth," employment of.
Working on farms-------------------------------------------- 1027
Mittleinian, Gene------------------------------------------------- 2419
Mom and pop stores--------------------------------------- 497, 538, 1195
Motion picture theater employees_-------------- 201. 514, 515, 571, 602, 2263
Moxley, David ---------------------------------------------------- 906
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick------------- ----------------------------1822

N

National Association of Counties------------------------------------ 2281
National farmers organization -------------------------------- 1247-1248
National Farmers Union-------------------------------------- 1247-1248
National Federation of Independent Businesses-------------- ---------- 294
National League of Cities--------------- 263, 1755, 1795, 1933, 2.281, 2382, 2394
National Retail Merchants Association------------------------------ 2281
National Student Lobby---------------------------------- 241,1246-1247
Newspaper delivery------------------------------------- 543, 571, 574, 980
Exemption under current provision and proposed exemption under
child labor provision ---------- ----- ----- 2251
Nichols, Charles F------------------------------------------- 1244-1245
Nixon, Richard M.: Veto Imessage, H.R. 7935------- -------------1353-1355
Nonappropriated fund employees----------------------- 348,1649, 2218, 2350
North Carolina Couincil of Fire Service Associations-------------------- 1934
North Carolina League of Municipalities----------------------------- 1932
Nursing homes, employees of--------------------------------------- 121,
130, 166, 200. 366, 524, 531, 541, 544, 551, 993, 1658, 1784, 1956, 2221,
2355,2390, 2410-2411
O'Hara, James G------------------------------------------------- 217
Olson, Layton----------------------------------------------------- 249
Orphanages. See Substitute parents for institutionalized children.
Overtime compensation---------------------------- ----------------- 57,
58, 123, 148, 150, 166, 167, 169, 185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 228,
240, 263, 275, 310, 317, 370, 493, 524, 525, 526, 527, 543, 554, 561,
562, 563, 564, 565, 580, 581, 598, 651
Cost estimates:
By National League of Cities------------------------------- 1933
By Los Angeles, Detroit, Chicago, Salt Lake City, Minneapolis,
Corpus Christi, Houston, St. Paul, Washington--------------- 1933
Exemptions from------------------------------------------- 259
Phase-in provisions---------------------------------------- 1005

P

Parker, Gov. Dave--------------------------------------------- 348, 350
Peace Corps volunteers--------------------------------------- 1003,1004
Penalties ---------------------------------------------------------- 3,
55, 57, 206, 207. 208. 579, 580, 581, 651, 652, 1662, 1952, 2239, 2352-
2353, 2365-23(16;, 2393, 2413
Pillard, Charles N------------------------------------------------ 1248
Pineapple processing------------------------- ---901, 902, 981, 982, 983, 984
Pipeline carrier employees------------------------- 519, 544, 1657, 2239, 2361
Alaskan pipeline-------------------------- --------------------993
Police: Sec "Law Enforcement Personnel," "State and Local Government
Employees."
Poppell, Hilda R-------------------------------------------------- 951
Portal-to-Portal Pay Act of 1947-- 581, 582, 586, 653,1662. 1!352. 2219, 2352-2353
Porter, Sylvia--------------------------------- 1267-126.s, 1275. 12s!9-1290
Postal Rate Commission---------------------------------- 1649,2219,2350
Postal Service, U.S-------------------------------------- 1649, 2219, 2350
Poverty level:
Alaska and Hawaii---------------------------- -----278, 836, 961, 2224
DOL's definition of---------------------------------------- 235,1279






XXIV


Page
Pre.-cli,1ls. ext.rsion of ,,vtrage t,' 1003
Public agency:
Ser Federal employees and State ind local government employees.
Comparison with proposed 1973 amendments -..- 63
I .ilnititl --- - --------- --- -- - --- 130. -51. '2219, 23''- 2351
Eqiu;l Oippirtunity A.iiimlndrmeint4 (ilc'luhsioi of Ipubli(c t'mltyeeslo) 1000
Puerto Rico -ind the Virgin Islands:
Agricultural minimum wege R98
Aljliliciti,,ii ,f F hder.rl l:iw\, in riPu rto Ri.o- 1-2------ M 11.44
lIItl :iiid restaurant enillillycs. --.-. .- ........ 2389
Industry wage committee----------------------------_ 141.
145, 17.5. 179. V%,3, 1-4. 192. 19.3. -,5-5.. 1. i,. 2'2"1,, 221" 2241.
2:17, 2:149. 2375
Minimum wage increase-------------------------- 1,
55. 59. 121. 122. 129. 130. 163. 16-4. 2169, 272. 340. 344. 4S2. 511. 513.
542, 543. 7,56..,57, .,.-,. -,.5, ,60. 2216. 221s, 2. 347, 2319. 23 ,9. 2404
Miiii ,uiii \v-ihg irity ------------------------------------------16W.)
Wage orders------------------- 141,145, 175, 179, 183,184,192, 193, 565,566

R
R;iirlrlad carritr eiildoyees __------------------- --519. 5-44. 571. 572,1655
R ,gfiil;itioi,. .se'r Secretiry of Labor.
Rescue squads:
S,'' Firefigliter --------------------------------------------------2259
Residential care establishments. See Nursing homes, employees of.
60, 132. 157, 153. 16,s, 197, 19S, 201, 251 36.' 467, 4S9. 497, 498, 544,
5-54, 570, 576, 577, S5S. 9!)
555, 571,577, 578, 858. 996
Small business exemption--_ ---------- ----__ 933, 934, 935
Congressional policy---------------------------------------- 936-943.
1 1Hs. 1716,.! 930). 1.56. 222k.. 227! 2354. 2373-237(G. 238.7, 2390, 2410
Sree u. ., Mi ind anl PI)p Stores_ ----------------------------497, 548. 1195
Russel, Steven------------------------------------------.----------. 241

S
Salesmen, partsmen, mechanics. See automobile, trailer, truck, farm imple-
niment, boat or aircraft dealers) and employees.
Samuelson, Paul A----------------------------------------- 318, 832, 904
Sawmills ---------------------------------------------------------972
School dropouts:
S'cr' tenngers------------------------------------------------- 227, 2382
Seafood canning and processing---------------------------------------- 197,
199. 520, 543. 570, 572, 993. 119V-1197,N 1(55.-1865(. 2221, 2286, 2355.
231. 2410
Seasonal amusement park------------------------------------------- 854
Seasonal industry employees, Agriculture----------------------------- 130,
131, 132, 148. 149. 150. 166. 213, 259, 3(66, 370. 371, 372, 373. 374, 541,
543. 5(62. f((2, 603. 1653-1654. 2223. 2323. 235S, 2391. 2412
Secretary of Labor:
Required studies on impact of increase of minimum wage------------ 972,
10611, 1663. 16.6, 166S-1670, 1792-1793. 1.sX-1lsi), 1899. 1927, 1929.
1947, 222.-,. 23M1-2314, 2373-2374, 23.S4. 240W
Authority to issue regulations----------------------------- 369,370
Senate, Members of. See Index Members of Congress.
,Semi.te LT.llior uminittee Minority Siff ---- ------------- 2421
Service lm:niploy .s Tnternati'mal Unin------------------------------- 1245
Sex discrimination. Sec "Equal Pay," "Equal Pay Act."
Shliipping news/newspaper --..-----..--... .--------- 2251. 2277
Shultz. ,eorge P --------------- 18. 191. 14S. 149. 237, 303. 371, 391, 1267, 1279
Sleeping time. See "Firefighters," "law enforcement," "personnel."
Small business -------------------------------601,602, 603, 966, 1018
Retail exemption ------------------------ --- 1801






xxv

Social Security Act: Page
As distinguished from minimum wage coverage-------------------- 1819
State and local government employees---------------------------------- 2,
4, 54, 55, 57, 121, 122, 129, 130, 146, 147, 165, 201, 213, 226, 249, 258,
262, 263, 275, 293, 340, 353, 354, 355, 358, 397, 503, 504, 514, 600, 654,
1794, 1797
Statute of limitations------------------------------------- 1468-146i9, 1531
Stayton Canning Co. Cooperative------------------------ 998, 999, 1000, 1001
State and local government employees------------------------------- 1662,
1677, 1795,1797, 1800, 2218, 2349,2351, 2389, 2409, 2414
State and local purchases------------------------------------- 1006, 1011
See also "Law Enforcement," "Firefighters."
Students:
See also "Youth" and "Teenage"--------------------------------- 367,
368, 872, 1785, 1792-1793, 1891, 1929, 2225, 22.Si, 2377, 2387, 2405-
2408, 2419
Certification of------------------------------ ------------------317,
387, 923, 970, 1183, 1792-1793, 1890-1891, 1899, 1927, 1929, 2225,
2263, 2361, 2364,2373-2374, 2386, 2406
Full-time students (part-time work) --- 257, 258, 317, 527, 528, 529, 968, 2267
Labor Department report, "Bridging the gap from School to Work"--- 924
Part-time students ----------------------- 22s3
Trainees---------------------------------------------- 290, 855, 927
Training work projects---------------- ---------------------872, 2407
University programs-public and private institutions---------------- 969
Vocation employment for high school students---------------------- 247
Vocational education---------------------- ---------------------- 248
Wage differential, see also "youth differential."
Student Council of the United States-------------------------------- 1271
Studies:
See also Secretary of Labor.
See Table of charts, exhibits in Table of Contents.
Substitute parents for institutionalized children- 314,369, 2222, 2228, 2278, 2280
Sugar processing-------------------------------------------------- 370,
371, 386, 524, 525, 545, 843, 1176, 1659-1660, 1956-1957, 2225, 2359-
2360, 2391, 2412, 2501-2502
Sullivan, Leonor K------------------------------------------------ 152

T
Tables. See Charts, tables, exhibits listed in Table of Contents.
Taggert, Robert-------------------------------------------- 215, 245, 908
Teenage employment:
See also "Student" "youth," "school dropouts"----- ------------- 227,2382
Training -----------------------------------154,155, 906, 913, 914,1919
Nonwhite ----------------------------------------------916, 921, 922
Department of Labor study of----------------------------------- 322
Low-income families----------------------------------- 927,1922-1924
Vocation employment for high school students--------------------- 247
Teenage unemployment --------------------------------------------215,
245, 604, 607, 868, 908, 915, 921, 926, 928, 929, 930, 1797, 1900, 1902-
1909, 1912-1916, 1921
Racial analysis--------------------------------- 917, 918, 921, 922,1352
Telegraphic agency employees --... 544, 572, 993,1660, 222)1, 2263, 2355, 2390, 2410
Tennessee Valley Authority employees---------------------- 1714,1809,2242
Tip credit---------------------------------------- 522, 523, 524, 1032, 1952
Tipped employees--------------- ----------------------------------174,
514, 523, 524, 541, 650, 651, 654, 1657-1658, 1952-1953, 2221, 2241,
2356, 2390, 2411
Tobacco employees (including shade grown tobacco operations) -------- 132,
162, 169, 192, 198, 228, 368, 370, 371, 386, 517, 544, 571, 993, 1196,
1653, 2220-2221, 2354, 2390, 2410
Towell, David ---------------------------------------------------- 216
Transit employees--------------------------- 147. 148. 364. 365. 603. 604. 993






X=VI

U
Unemployment:
See Minimum wage. Page
Effects of----------------------------------------------------- 981
Racial studies----------------------------------------- 854,. 915, 924
Rates ----------------------------------------------------- 921,930
Seasonal adjustment--------------------- ----------------------- 914
United Bro(therhoiod of Carpenters and Joiners of America----------- 1244-1245
U.S. Conference of Mayors---------------------------- ---------- 268

V
Veto message-H.R. 7935-------------------------------------- 1202-1205
Viorst, Milton ---------------------------------------------------- 288
Virgin Islands. See Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Vista Volunteers -------------------------------------------------- 1004
Volunteer workers. See "Vista Volunteers," "Peace Corps Volunteers."

W
Wage board employees------------- ---------------------------- 248,249
Wage differential. See Youth differential.
WECEP program---------------- --------------------------------- 2407
White collar exemptions------------------------------------------ 1145,2137
Wirtz, Willard------------------------------------------------ 138, 1268
Wurf, Jerry------------------------------------------------------ 1249

Y
Young World, Ine ------------------------------------------------ 859
Youth:
Se(-c aiqo "Students," and "teenage"------- 527, 528, 529, 925, 1901, 1911, 2406
Bulletin regarding---------------------------------------------- 154
Bulletin 1657, "Youth Unemployment and Minimum Wages"--. 922
1970 Department of Labor study----------------------------- 926
Employment of---------------------------- S44, 854, 855, 1352, 2244. 2425
Minority --------------------------------------------------906,907
Training ---------------------------------------290. 308, 855,927, 1793
Unemployment, see also "Teenage unemployment"----------------- 287,
318,1716--1717,1793, 1948, 2416, 2419
Youth, employment of--------------------------------------------- 153,
1.-4, 215, 245, 604, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 855, 903, 923, 925, 2270,
2273
Expanding employment opportunities of------------------------------ 904
Minimum wage---------------------------------- 287, 290, 308, 844, 925
Youth differential:
See also "Students"; "students and minors wage differential"-------- 2,
3, 4, 211. 226, 241, 244, 245, 246, 247, 252, 279, 286, 287, 288, 290,
291, 292, 293, 305, 306, 316, 318, 320, 321, 379, 391, 398, 533, 607.
608, 609, 842, 844, 907, 908, 909, 920, 921, 922 923. 926, 928, 933,
11S5-1186, 1192-1194, 1196, 1261, 1263, 1278, 1353, 1796-1797, 1899-
1900, 1914-1915, 1927, 2250, 2257, 2266, 2380, 2418-2419

























II. CASE LAW
















CASE LAW
Page
Armour & Co. v. Wantock, 323 U.S. 126------------------------------ 1006
Bekins Van & Storage Co.; Mitchell v., 352 U.S. 1027 (1957)-------------- 1183
Bell v. Porter, 159 F.2d 117 (C.A. 7, 1946) certiorari denied, 330 U.S. 813
(1947) --------------------------------------------------------1006
Bingham v. Airport Limousine Service, 314 F. Supp. 565 (WD Ark. 1970) 523
Bowers v. Remington Rand, 64 F.Supp. 620 (SD Ill., 1946), aff'd 159 F.2d
114 (C.A. 7, 1947), certiorari denied 330 U.S. 843 (1947)-------------- 1006
Bridegman v. Ford, Bacon & Davis, 161 F.2d 962 (C.A. 8, 1947)---------- 1006
Budd; Mitchell v., 350 U.S. 473 (1956)-------------------------------- 518
Campbell v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., 70 F. Supp. 996 (WD Pa., 1947) 1006
Consolidated Edison v. NLRB, 305 U.S. 197, 222 (1938)------------------ 963
Employees of the Dept. of Public Health and Welfare of Missouri v. Dept.
of Public Health and Welfare of Mo., 411 U.S. 279 (1973)------------- 506
Eustice v. Federal Cartridge Corp., 66 F.Supp. 55 (D Minn., 1946)-------- 1006
General Electric Co. v. Porter, 208 F.2d 805 (CA. 9, 1953) certiorari denied,
347 U.S. 951, 975 (1954)----------------------------------- ------ 1006
Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wheat (22 U.S.) 1 (1824)-------------------------- 962
Green's Propane Gas Service, Inc.; Brennan v., 479 F.2d 1027 (C.A. 5,
1973) ----------------------------------------------------------497
Howard d/b/a Howard Cleaners; Hodgson v., 69 CCH Lab. Cas. 32,777
(ND Ala., 1972) ----------------------------------------------- -- 497
Jackson; Hodgson v., 351 F.Supp. 291 (WD Virginia, 1972)------------ 497
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964)---------------------- 502,968
Keller d/b/a Plaza Laundromat & Dry Cleaning; Hodgson v., 20 WH Cas
1093, 70 CCH Lab. Cas. 132,848 (ND Ohio, 1973)-------------------- 497
McLaughlin v. Todd & Brown, Inc., 7 WH Cas. 1014; 15 Lab. Cas. 64,606
(ND Ind., 1948) ----- --------- ---------------- 1006
Mansdorf v. Ernest Tew Associates, 20 WH Cas. 956, 69 CCH Lab. Cas.
132,775 (MD Fla., 1972)----------------------------------------- 497
Maryland v. Wirtz, 392 U.S. 183 (1968)------------------------ 125,263,962
Mayhew, Clifton D.,. Inc. v. Wirtz, 413 F.2d 658 (C.A. 4, 1969)---------- 497
Melos Construction Corp., Wirtz v., 408 F.2d 626 (C.A. 2. 1969)---------- 497
Melton v. Round Table Restaurants, Inc., 20 WH Cas. 532, 67 CCH Lab.
Cas. 32,630 (ND Ga., 1971)--------------------------------------- 523
Mitchell v. Budd, 350 U.S. 473 (1956)-------------------------------- 517
NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Co., 301 U.S. 1 (1936)------------------ 962
North American Co. v. S.E.C., 327 U.S. 686, 705 (1946)------------------ 962
Oklahoma Press Publishing Co. v. Walling, 327 U.S. 186 (1946)---------- 963
Phillips v. Walling, 324 U.S. 400 (1945) (324 U.S. 490)------------------ 1183
Powell v. U.S. Cartridge Co., 339 U.S. 497 (1945)---------------------- 126
Rivermont Corp. d/b/a Fox Meadows Apartments; Hodgson v., 21 WH
Cas. 171, 71 CCH Lab. Cas. 32.898 (MD Fla., 1973)------------------ 497
Rokey v. Day & Zimmerman, 157 F.2d 736 (C.A. 8, 1946) (157 F.2d 734)- 1006
Sharp v. Warner Holding Co., 21 WH Cas. 206, 70 CCH Lab. Cas. T32,821
(D Minn., 1972) ---------------------------
Sindica to Puertorriquero de Trabajadores v. Hodgson, 448 F.2d 1161
(1971) ---------------------------------------------------------145
Skelley Oil Co. v. Jackson, 194 Okla. 183. 148 P.2d 182 (1944)------------ 501
Skidmore & Co. v. Swift, 323 U.S. 134 (1944)------------------------- 1006
Nelson Eugene Souder, et al. v. Peter J. Brennan, 367 F. Supp. 808(U.S.D.C.
D.C. 1973)------------------------------------------------ 1664,1670
Travis Edwards, Inc.; Shultz v., 320 F. Supp. 384, reversed on other
grounds, 465 F. 2d 1050 (C.A. 5, 1972) : (320 F. Supp. 834, reversed and
remanded 465 F. 2d 1050, certiorari denied 409 U.S. 1076) -------------- 497
(XxIx)






XXX

Union Trust Bank of St. Petersburg; Shultz v., 297 F. Supp. 1274 (MD Fla., Page
169) ------------------------------------------------------- 497, 501
United States v. California. 297 U.S. 175 (1936)----- -------------------- 124
United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100 (1941)------------------------ 125
Unitrd Stutt .m v. WIon, n*x 8pSprlsu-ar iffrm. Am.ixn., 336 I'.S. 4t0 (1I949) ... 962
WVash-tcrias; Wirt: v., 3(04 F. Supp. 624 (D Canal Zone, 1968)------------ 501
I'irkurd v. Fulbur, 317 U.S. 111 (1942)----------------------- 501. 959, 962
'illi/itm LLn Hotl Co.. IJnr.; h hultz v. 436 F. 2d 10.3 (C.A. 6. 1971).-- 1953. 1957
Wilson Building, Inc., Shult: v., 320 F. Supp. 664 (SD Texas, 1970); (aff'd
47S F. 2d 1090, certiorari denied. 414 U.S. 855 (1973))----------------- 497
Woolin (David H.) d Son; Hodgson v., 20 WH Cas. 91, 65 CCH Lab. Cas.
35,527 (SD Fla., 1971)-------------------------------------- 497

























III. CONGRESSIONAL
Members of the House of Representa-
tives
Members of the Senate
















MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


Page
Abzug. Bella S. (Democrat of New York)------------------ 321,322, 323,1253
Anderson, John B. (Republican of Illinois)---------------------------- 286,
287,288,377,379, 381,1192,1229,1230,1250-1251
Annunzio, Frank (Democrat of Illinois)------------------------------- 390
Arends, Leslie C. (Republican of Illinois)----------------------------- 1252
Ashbrook, John M. (Republican of Ohio)------------------------------ 1284
Badillo, Herman (Democrat of New York)--------------------------- 318,
319, 320, 396, 397, 398, 2269-2270
Baker, LaMar (Republican of Tennessee)------------------------------ 305
Bauman, Robert E. (Republican of Maryland)------------------------ 2286
Bell, Alphonzo (Republican of California)---------------------------- 2381
Benitez, Jaime (Democrat, Resident Commissioner, Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico) -----------------------------------------------2260-2261
Biaggi, Mario (Democrat of New York)------------------------------- 320,
321,1197,1261, 2265-2269,2394-2397
Biester, Edward G., Jr. (Republican of Pennsylvania)--------------- 1284-1286
Burgener, Clair W. (Republican of California)-------------------- 2383-2284
Burton, Phillip (Democrat of California)----------------------------- 248,
249, 250, 251, 284, 288, 300, 334, 1188, 1194, 1227, 1239, 2255, 2259,
2277, 2279, 2303-2304, 2311, 2394-2295, 2398
Carney, Charles (Democrat of Ohio)----------------------------- 1251-1252
Cederberg, Elford A. (Republican of Michigan)------------------------ 1229
Chisholm, Shirley (Democrat of New York) --------277, 278, 279, 280,1228-1229
Cleveland, James C. (Republican of New Hampshire)--------------- 1290-1291
Collier, Harold R. (Republican of Illinois)------------------------ 1187-1188
Conte, Silvo (Republican of Massachusets)----------------- 344, 345, 347, 348
(348-350 reads letter received from David S. Parker, Governor of the
Canal Zone, President, Panama Canal Co.)---------------- 350, 351, 352
Daniels, Dominick V. (Democrat of New Jersey)--------------- 393,394,1290
Davis, Mendel J. (Democrat of South Carolina)----------------------- 2252
Dellenback, John (Republican of Oregon)------------------------------ 372
Dellums, Ronald V. (Democrat of California)-------------------------- 1253
Denholm, Frank E. (Democrat of South Dakota)------------------- 1234-1235
Dennis, David W. (Republican of Indiana) -----------------2377-2378,2394
Dent, John H. (Democrat of Pennsylvania)--------------------------- 225,
226,227,228, 229, 230, 231, 232,233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240,
241, 242, 247, 248, 265, 275, 2i6, 277, 283, 284, 285, 286, 288, 289, 300,
301, 315, 327, 330, 345, 346, 353, 355, 359, 360, 361, 365, 371, 372, 379,
380, 385, 386, 387, 388, 390, 1149-1150, 1175-1177, 1183-1184, 1189,
1194, 1226, 1230-1231, 1269-1270, 1272, 2233-2235, 2240-2244, 2249,
2253, 2256, 2258-2262, 2265, 2268-2271, 2278-2280, 2304, 2306, 2309-
2310, 2313-2314, 2378
Donohue, Harold D. (Democrat of Massachusetts)---------------------- 394,
395,1287-1288, 2283-2284
Drinan, Robert F. (Democrat of Massachusetts)----------------- 1232-1233
Du Pont, Pierre S., IV (Republican of Delaware)----------------- 1239-1240
Edwards, Don (Democrat of California)------------------------- 1277-1278
Erlenborn, John N. Republican of Illinois)--------------------------- 228,
242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 274, 275, 282, 283,
301, 302, 315, 326, 327, 334, 345, 353, 365, 386, 388, 390, 1186-1189,
1261-1262, 2249-2253
Esch, Marvin L. (Republican of Michigan)----------------------- 2261-2262
Findley, Paul (Republican of Illinois) --------------------------1278-1279
Foley, Thomas S. (Democrat of Washington)--------------------------- 373
(xxxin)


32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 76 3








Page
Frenzel. Bill (Republlican of M.iinnesota)------------------------------- 308,
:304, 30.9, 304.1. 352. :360, 361. 1 lH 1-1191, 1273 -1274. 2265., '2:397-'2398
Fuqua. Don (Democrat of Florida) ---------------------------- 316.317, 318
(aT dos. Joseph M. (Driiincrait (if i'tnniisylvnia) i)--------253. 254. 255, 2253-2254
Gonzalez. Henry B. (Democrat of Texas)---------------------------- 302, 303
Grasso, Ella T. (Democrat of Connecticut)------------------------ 1280-1281
Green. Edith (Democrat of Oregon) ------------ 295. 2 ). 297, 298, 370. 371, 372
Green. William J. (Democrat of Pennsylvania)-------------------- 1175-1176
Griffiths. Martha W. (Democrat of Michigan)-----------------------. 282, 288
Gross, H. R. (Repub)lican of Iowa)----------------------------------- 355
Hansen. Orvail (Repiuldican of Idaho) -------------------754. 755, 756. 757. 758
Harrington. Miclhael J. (Denm<-rait of Mlassachusctts) -_ 1276-1277, 2284-2285
Hays, Wayne L. (Democrat of Ohio) ------------.--..--...------------ 2:178-2379
IIendlrsii. David (Denlimcirat (f North Carolina) ----------------354. 355, 2304
Holt, Majorie (Republican of Maryland)------------------------------ 2282
Holtzman, Elizabeth (Democrat of New York) ------------------------- 2280
Hosmer, Craig (Republican of California)-------- ---------------- 2384-2385
Huber. Rolbert J. (RI4piublicani of Mihigan)----------- 260, 261, 262. 1189-1190
Hungate, William L. (Democrat of Missouri) --------------------------- 1193
Ichord, Richard (Deni,.rat of Missotuiri) -----_- 3S, 359. 360. 2279, 2301-2304
Jones, James R. (Democrat of Oklahomna)------------------------- 380, 381
Jones, Walter B. (Democrat of North Carolina) ------------------ 2277-2278
Jordan, Barbara (Democrat of Texas)-- -------------262, 263, 264, 1236-1237
Kastenmeier, Robert (Democrat of Wisconsin) --------------------1274-1275
Kazen, Abraham (Democrat of Texas)-------------------.-------- 2280,2395
Keating, William J. (Republican of Ohio)----------------------------- 1191
Kemp, Jack (Republican of New York) ----------------..---------- 2393-2394
Ketchum, William M. (Republican of California)----------------------- 299
Koch, Edward I. (Democrat of New York)------------------------ 1286-1287
Landgrebe, Earl F. (Republican of Indiana)----------------------- 391, 392
Latta, Delbert (Republican of Ohio)-- --------------------------- 2232-2233
Leggett, Robert L. (Democrat of California)----------- 346,347,350, 1282-1283
Long, Clarence D. (Democrat of Maryland)------------------------- 372,373
McClory, Robert (Republican of Illinois)---------------------- 283, 284, 285
McCormack, Mike (Democrat of Washington)---------------------- 373. 374
McKay, K. Gunn (Democrat of Utah)----------------- 387, 2282-2283
McSpadden, Clem Rogers (Democrat of Oklahoma)----------------- 386,387
Madden, Ray J. (Democrat of Indiana)------------ 1263-1264. 1266, 2230-2233
Matsunaga. Spark M. (Democrat of Hawaii)---- -------- 384, 385, 1183-1184
Metcalfe, Ralph H. (Democrat of Illinois)------------------------ 1266-1269
Milford, Dale (Democrat of Texas)----------------------------- 2305-2306
Mink, Patsy T. (Democrat of Hawaii)------------------------------- 898
Mitchell. Parren J. (Democrat of Maryland)---------- 264-265, 1237-1239, 2271
Mizell, Wilmer (Republican of North Carolina)------------------- 2380-2381
Murtha, John P. (Democrat of Pennsylvania)------------------------- 2254
Nedzi, Lucien N. (Democrat of Michigan)----------------------------- 346
Nix, Robert N. C. (Democrat of Pennsylvania)----------------------- 2283
O'Brien, George M. (Republican of Illinois)----------------------- 2255-2256
O'Hara, James G. (Democrat of Michigan)------------------------ 381,382
O'Neill, Thomas P., Jr. (Democrat of Massachusetts).--... 306,307,308.1233-1234
Pepper, Claude (Democrat of Florida)----------------------- 304, 305, 1291
Perkins, Carl D. (Democrat of Kentucky) ---------------------------- 255,
256, 257, 25,S. 259, 260. 288. 290, 291, 1195-1196, 1225-1226, 2262-
22.65. 2376-2378. 2381. 238.,. 2394. 2398
Podell, Bertram L. (Democrat of New York) ----------------- 265,266
Price, Melvin (Democrat of Illinois) --------------- 294, 295, 2280-2282
Pritchard, Joel (Republican of Washington)--------------------- 1272-1273
Quie, Albert H. (Republican of Minnesota). ---------------------------291,
292, 293. 294, 299, 300. 330. 386. 1184-1186, 1188, 1194-1195, 1197,
1227-1228, 2249, 2253-2261, 2265, 2279-2280, 2379-2381, 2384,
2393-2396
Quillen. James H. (Republican of Tennessee)-------------------- 2258-2260
Rangel, Charles B. (Democrat of New York)--------------- 285, 1254-1255






XXXV


Page
Rarick, John R. (Democrat of Louisiana)---------------- 395,396,2286-2288
Reid, Ogden R. (Democrat of New York)----------------------------- 1263
Roybal, Edward R. (Democrat of California)------------------------- 1289
Sarasin, Ronald A. (Republican of Connecticut)----------------------- 1191
Sebelius, Keith (Republican of Kansas)------------------------- 2395-2396
Seiberling, John F. (Democrat of Ohio)------------------------------ 390
Shriver, Garner E. (Republican of Kansas)-------------------------- 1276
Sisk, B. F. (Democrat of California)--------------------------------- 301
Skubitz, Joe (Republican of Kansas)---------------------------- 2256-2257
Snyder, Gene (Republican of Kentucky)---------------- 2250-2251,2304-2306
Stanton, J. William (Republican of Ohio)----------------------- 1192-1193
Steiger, Sam (Republican of Arizona)---------- 300,301,346,350,351,364,365
Steiger, William J. (Republican of Wisconsin) --------------1191-1192,1231
Stratton, Samuel (Democrat of New York)---------------------------- 351
Talcott, Burt L. (Republican of California)----------------- 298,299,300,301
Taylor, Roy A. (Democrat of North Carolina)------- 313,314, 315,389,390, 2278
Teague, Olin (Democrat of Texas)----------------------------------- 300
Thompson, Frank, Jr. (Democrat of New Jersey)----------------- 330,1252
Tiernan, Robert 0. (Democrat of Rhode Island)----------------- 1281-1282
Towell, David (Republican of Nevada)------------------------- 2251-22.52
Ullman, Al (Democrat of Oregon)----------------------------------- 371
Veysey, Victor V. (Republican of California)---------------------- 392,393
Wolff, Lester L. (Democrat of New York)----------------------------- 1252
Young, Andrew (Democrat of Georgia)--------------------------- 305,306
Young, Samuel H. (Republican of Illinois)---------- ---------2309-2310














MEMBERS OF THE SENATE


Page
Aiken, George (Republican of Vermont)---------------------- 866,867,965
Allen, James B. (Democrat of Alabama)----------------------------- 2428
Baker, 1Howard 1I. (Roplullic'an of Tennessee)------ 11S7, 1235-1236, 2258, 2310
Bartlett. Dwtwey F. (Republican of Oklahoma)--------------- 1882-1886, 1888
Beall. J. Glenn, Jr. (Republican of Maryland)--- 785,786,787, 789,790,791,807
Bellmon, Henry (Republican of Oklahoma)----------------------.----- 969,
970,1736-1739, 1955-1956
Bentsen, Lloyd M. (Democrat of Texas)---------------------------- 1025,
1026. 1954-1955, 2422-2424
Brock. William E. III (Republican of Tennesee) --------------1733-1736,1958
Buckley, James L. (Conservative-Republican of New York)------------- 830,
831, 832, 833, 834, 887, 903, 904, 905, 906, 907, 908, 909, 920, 923,
955, 963, 971,972. 973, 974, 975. 976, 977, 17189-1724, 1731-1734, 1736,
1739-1743, 174(-1751, 1911-1916, 1925, 1928, 1941-1947, 2424-2425
Burdick. Quentin N. (Democrat of North Dakota)----------------------__ 964
Byrd, Robert C. (Democrat of West Virginia)------------------------- 688,
6S9, 690. 805, 876, 900, 1149, 1751, 1807, 1811, 1828, 1830, 1852, 1854,
1.S8-1xSS9, 1898, 1910, 1930, 1940, 1958, 2402, 2426
Cannon, Howard W. (Democrat of Nevada)------------------------ 989,990
Church, Frank (Democrat of Idaho)------------ ---------977,978. 979. 1865
Clark, Richard C. (Democrat of Iowa)---------------- 175-1876, 1878-1880
Cook, Marlow W. (Republican of Kentucky) ------------------------- 1015,
1017, 1019,1020.1021,1022,1751,2428
Cotton. Norris (Republican of New Hampshire)--------- 1865-1866, 1871-1875
Cranston. Alan (Democrat of California)------------------------ 1936-1937
Culver, John C. (Democrat of Iowa)----------------------------- 1279-1280
Dole, Robert (Republican of Kansas)--------------------------------- 879,
880, 81. 1033, 1031. 1036, 1880-1882, 2425
Domenici, Pete V. (Republican of New Mexico)------------------------ 871,
872, 873, 956, 957, 966, 1076, 1928-1930
Dominick, Peter H. (Republican of Colorado)-------------------------- 1,
2, 3, 4, 662, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694. 695, 696, 697, 698. 699, 701, 702,
703, 704, 705, 706, 707, 711, 782, 783, 784, 791, 805. 806, 807, 833, 834,
835, 836, 837, 8-15. 846. 848. 849. 850, 867, 868, 869, 899, 900, 938, 939,
940, 949, 950. 951, 952, 954, 955, 956, 966, 991, 992, 995, 996, 997,
.99.. 1001, 1322, 1715-1717, 1753-1756. 1793. 1796. 1800-1801, 1807,
1812-1815, 1822-1824, 1826, 1846-1847, 1894-1897, 1899-1901, 1928.
1939. 1953-1954. 2419-2421
Fannin, Paul J. (Republican of Arizona)------------------------------ 726,
727, 728. 729, 730. 731. 1796-1800
Fong, Hiram L. (Republican of Hawaii)--------------------- 781, 982, 988,984
Fulbright, William J. (Democrat of Arkansas)----------------------- 1871
Goldwater, Barry (Republican of Arizona)---------------- 919,920,1748-1749
Griffin, Robert P. (Republican of Michigan-------------------------- 1023,
1751, 1S07, 1811, 1.828. 1834,-1835, 1852. 1889. 2426, 2428
Ha nsoun, Clifford P. (Republican of Wyoming)--------------------- 1822-1823
Hartke, Vance (Democrat of Indiana)-------------------------------- 1022
Hatfleld, Mark 0. (Republican of Oregon)-------------------- 662, 1026, 1027
Helms, Jesse A. (Republican of North Carolina)------------------------ 743,
744, 745, 977,1744-1747, 1931-1935, 1939
(xxxvi)






XXXV"I


Huddleston, Walter (Democrat of Kentucky)----------------- 1017, 1018,1020
Humphrey, Hubert H. (Democrat of Minnesota) -877, 1030, 1031, 1033, 1891-1892
Inouye, Daniel K. (Democrat of Hawaii)----------------------- 901, 902, 903
Jackson, Henry MI. (Democrat of Washington)------------------------- 1023
Javits, Jacob (Republican of New York)------------------------------- 54,
688, 689, 711, 712, 713, 714, 715, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 749, 750, 791,
792, 793, 843, 845, 850, 851, 867, 869, 871, 923, 924, 925, 932, 936,
937, 938, 940, 946, 947, 953, 964, 965, 966, 969, 970, 971, 974, 975,
976, 9O4. 990, 995, 1018, 1019, 1020, 1021, 1023, 1075, 1714-1715,
1718, 1724. 1930, 1934-1935, 1939-1f941, 1949-1951, 2011, 2417-
2419, 2421-2422, 2425-2427
Johnston, J. Bennet (Democrat of Louisiana)-------------------------- 954.
1724, 1729-1731, 1741-1746, 1750-1751
Kennedy, Edward M. (Democrat of Massachusetts)---------------- 1027, 1028
McClure, James A. (Republican of Idaho)------------------------ 1731-1732
McGee, Gale W. (Democrat of Wyoming)------------------------ 17-1843
McGovern, George (Democrat of South Dakota)---- 876,877,878,879, 966,967
Magnuson, Warren G. (Democrat of Washington) --------------------- 1858-
ls63, 1882-1883, 1885, 1887-18-i)
Mansfield, Michael J. (Democrat of Montana)------------------------- 1807,
1812, 1843, 1882, 1888,1935, 1939, 1958, 2011, 2421. 2428
Mathias, Charles McC. (Republican of Maryland)-------------------- 315, 316
Moss, Frank E. (Democrat of Utah)------------------- 967, 968, 969, 970, 971
Muskie, Edmund S. (Democrat of Maine)------------------------------ 881
Packwood, Bob (Republican of Oregon)------------- 869, 870, 980, 981, 998,1001
Pastore, John 0. (Democrat of Rhode Island).----------- -----S5-1889, 1894
Pearson, James B. (Republican of Kansas)------------------- 1022,1890-1891
Pell, Claiborne (Democrat of Rhode Island)---------------------- 1023, 1024
Randolph, Jennings (Democrat of West Virginia)---------1036,1037,1752-1753
Ribicoff, Abraham (Democrat of Connecticut)---------------------- 721, 722
Roth, William V. (Republican of Delaware)------------------ 1003, 1024, 1025
Schweicker, Richard S. (Republican of Pennsylvania) -- 1003,2414,2421-2422
Scott, Hugh (Republican of Virginia)--------------------------------- 690
Scott, William L. (Republican of Virginia)---------------------------- 944,
945, 946, 947, 1732-1733, 1893, 1910, 1940
Sparkman, John J. (Democrat of Alabama) -----------988,1808-1809, 1s,39-1840
Stevenson, Adlia, III (Democrat of Illinois)--------------------------- 1028,
1029, 1030, 1865-1866, 1868-1S69. 1871
Taft, Robert Jr. (Republican of Ohio)--------------------------------- 690,
724, 725, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 799, 800, 802,804, 805, 848, 852, 853,
854, 855, 857, 858, 861, 926, 927, 985, 986, 987, 988, 989, 1018, 1023,
1793-1796, 1808-1811, 1815, 1823-1824, 1.V2-1830, 1s.:.5-1836, 1,^3.-
1840, 1842-1848, 1852-1859, 1864-1865, 1871-1872, 1874-1875, 1880,
1882, 1888, 1893, 1899, 1901-1902, 1930, 1947-1953, 2415-2417
Talmadge, Herman E. (Democrat of Georgia)----------------- _-18-1871
Tower, John G. (Republican of Texas)---------------------------- 731,
732, 733, 734, 735, 737, 738, 739, 740, 751, 752, 933, 935, 937, 941, 942,
1801-1802, 1807, 1936, 1958
Williams, Harrison A., Jr. (Democrat of New Jersey)----------------- 53,
54, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666, 667, 672, 673, 675, 676, 677, 685, 686,
687, 688, 689, 740, 741, 742, 743, 797, 798, 799, 800, 802, 803, 804,
805, 806, 807, 837, 838, 840, 841, 842, 848, 849, 850, 853, 861, S65,
866, 867, 869, 871, 896, 897, 898, 899, 901, 902, 920, 921, 922, 923,
940, 941, 942, 946, 947, 956, 957, 958-962, 963, 964, 966, 967, 969,
970, 971, 975, 976, 979, 980, 981, 987, 988, 989, 990, 991, 996, 1001,
1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1017, 1020, 1021, 1023, 1037, 1038, 1075,
1077, 1322, 1714-1715, 1756-1758, 1791, 1800-1801,1807-1812, 1815-
1822, 1824-1826, 1829, 1844-1846, 1848, 1.152-1s53, 1885-1886, 1896-
1898, 1911, 1925, 1929, 1935-1936, 1940-1941, 1946, 1952-1953, 1956-
1958, 2011, 2216, 2229, 2402-2408, 2414-2415, 2417, 2419, 2425, 2427



























IV. PROCEDURAL HISTORY


















PROCEDURAL HISTORY
S. 1725: Page
Bill to amend the Fair Labor Standards Act on behalf of Messrs.
Taft and Dominick-Introductory remarks of Senator Dominick- 1, 2, 3, 4
Text of------------ 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
Fair Labor Standards Amendment of 1973 (resolution reported) 222, 223, 224
H.R. 7935:
As introduced in House----------------- ----------------------23-52
As reported in House----------------------- --------------------- 90
House Report 93-232----------------- ---------------------- 120
Floor debate:
June 5, 1973----------------------------------------------- 225
June 6, 1973----------------------- ------------------------ 268
Reading of---------------------- -------------------------267, 268
As passed in House and referred to Senate Committee on Labor and
Public Welfare----- -----------------------------------------405
Amendment to, July 1973 ------------------ --------------------1039
Appointment of conferees-------------------- ------------------- 1077
Conference report:
As filed in House (H. Rept. 93-413) ---------------------------1080
As filed in Senate (S. Rept. 93-358)-------------------------- 1115
Order to Consider the Conference report on the minimum wage bill
(unanimous consent agreement)-------------------------------- 1149
Conference report on--------------------- ---------------------1149
Veto Message by President---- ---------------------------------- 1202
Floor debate concerning veto message ----------------------------- 1225

AMENDMENTS IN HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Amendment in the nature of a substitute offered by Mr. Erlenborn
(ordered printed in record)------------------ 268,269,270,271,272,273
Amendment offered by Mr. Talcott to the amendment in the nature of
a substitute offered by Mr. Erlenborn---------------------------- 298
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 323, 324, 325
Substitute amendment offered by Mr. Erlenborn for the amendment
offered by Mr. Talcott---------------------------------------- 324
VOTES: substitute (rejected)------------------------ 335, 336, 337
Amendment offered by Mr. Erlenborn (amendment to amendment
offered to gentlemen from Oklahoma) (rejected)------- 326, 387, 388, 389
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 327, 328, 329
Amendment offered by Mr. Quie---------------------------------- 329
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 331, 332, 333
Amendment offered by Talcott------------------------------- 333, 334
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 338, 339, 340
Amendment offered by Mr. Conte (amendment agreed to)--------- 334, 352
VOTES: (reference to Canal Zone) (agreed to)---------- 399, 400, 401
Amendment offered by Mr. Henderson------------------------- 353, 354
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 356, 357, 358
Amendment offered by Mr. Ichord-------------------------------- 358
VOTES: (rejected)------------------------------ 361, 362, 363 364
Amendment offered by Mr. Steiger of Wisconsin-------------------- 364
Amendment offered by Ms. Green-------------------------------- 370
VOTES: (agreed to)-------------------------------- 374,375,376
Amendment offered by Mr. Anderson-------------------------- 376, 377
VOTES: (rejected)--------------------------------- 382, 383, 384
Amendment offered by Mr. Jones of Oklahoma to the Amendment
offered by Mr. Anderson (rejected)-------------------------- 380,381
(XLI)






XLII


PKOWCEIUR.kI. IIISTt)RY Cmintinlueld
II H. 7'.35,- ('Contiiuted Page
A. rIldnIlent offter(ed lby Mr. Mlat.-i-iaga -----__ _ _- 384
Aie tlidment offered lby Mr. McSp;iaddten (3%,7 amendment withdrawn)_ 3,5.
386
Ame.i dlIiment 4)ffered liby Mr. M 'Ki y -_-__ ---......---- 3a7
A.menii(dmni'it offered by Mr. Taylor ,f North Carmrlina -- 3.s)
S. 1M;I :
Intrductiry .tatemeiit, (,n lhill and j,,int resi.lutio( (iby Mr. Williams
(for lhizniself and Mr. Javits) ) ---5---------.----.. __... ..- 53.54
Hill (text) and material ordered printed in Ilie record ----r--- 5-1-221
Vote oin the passage of hill (bill pas.sed)---- ---- -01, 4102, 4W3
Senate considernation of bill which the clerk replorted by tiy tie-----. 60),
651, 652. 653, 654. 65-5, 656, 657, 65i, (659, 6(0. 6W1, 662
Major provisions of the bill, and a comnipaIrison of the ciminiittee bill,
the bill that passed the House. and the principal substitute unnend-
nment No. 330 (ordered printed)------------------ 66S. 669, 670, 671, 672
excerptss frimi tlie committee report explaining the treatment of ex-
emlitions in the bill (ordered printed in the record (minimum wage
and overtime coverage)) :
Motion picture theaters---- 677
nSmall logging crews-----------__ 677,678
Shade-grown tobacco ---------------------------------------678
Agricultural processing industries_--------------------- 678,679, 680
Railroad and pipelines-------------------_-------------------6S0
Seafood processing ------------------------------------- 6 0O
Local transit---------------------------------------------- 681
Off duty-------------------------------------------------- 681
Hotels, motels, and restaurants------------------------------- 681
Tip allowance-------------------------------- 682,683
Nursing homes ---------------------------------------------683
Salesmen. partsmen, and mechanics---------------------------- 683
Cotton ginning and sugar processing_--------------------- 683,684
Catering and food service employees------------------------ 684
Bowling establishments-------------------------------------- 685
House parents for orphans----------------------------------- 685
Text of the unanimnious-consent agreement-------------------------- 689
Section-by-section analysis of thle substitute and a comparison of the
differences between it and the committee bill (ordered printed in
record). Section-by-section analysis of the Dominick-Taft-Beall
amendments in the nature of a substitute to S. 1861- 707, 708, 709, 710, 711
Statement in support of the retention of the cotton ginning exeml)tion
by Mr. Tony Price of tlhe Texas Cotton Ginning Association (or-
dered printed in record)----------------------------------- 736. 737
Communications concerning bill as repol)(rted to the committee e on Labor
and Public Welfare (ordered printed in record)-- 745. 7-6, 747, 7-14, 749
Remarks by Senator Fannin, "The effect of higher miinimumps up3n
imports. and diseimployment (ordered printed in record) --- 752, 753, 754
The D,)minick-Taft substitute, as compared with S. 1861, as reported
(ordered printed in record)--------------------- ----------- 792, 793
Amendment offered by Packwood (dealing with the discretionary
treatment of news delivery boys delivering non-daily newslpap)ers)-- 816
As reported (list of 19 different types of occupations)-------------- P.4'8
Explanation of Packwood Newsboy Amendment---- 1------9
Resume consideration of bill------------------------------89, 876. 93
Section 14 of the bill-Economic Effective Studies------------------ 44
Exemptions remaining in bill--------------------------- -- -9
Constitutionality of extending thle Fair Labor Standards Act to domes-
tic service employees employed in households (legal document)-- 962, 963
Samples of the opinionss Mr. Domenici received from New Mexicans
on the youth differential pay rates--------73, 74, 875, 876
consideration n of the unfinished business (calendar No. 2S2 (S. 1861)) 901
Vote:87
Dominick amendment in the nature of a substitute (rejected)-- 870
Agreeing to the amendment of Senator McGovern (agreed to) .- 886
Amendments : 93
No. 376 (rejected)-------------------------------------- 948
No. 374 (rejected)---------------------------------------






XLIII

PROCEDURAL HISTORY-Continued
AMENDMENTS IN SENATE
S. 1861-Continued Page
Tower Amendment----------------------------------------7, 72273 724
VOTE: (# 252 Amendment) 759 (rejected) (Text appears on
pg. 436)
Amendment sent to desk by Dominick------------------------- 949, 991
Amendment sent to the desk on behalf of Mr. Cannon, Mr. Bible, Mr.
Buckley, Mr. Javits, and Mr. Moss (amendment read)---------- 967, 96s
Amendment sent to the desk by Church---__------------------------- 977
Amendments:
No. 330 (Mr. Dominick sent to desk and asked that it be read)
(ordered printed)---------------------------------------- 761,
762, 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768, 769, 770, 771, 772, 773, 774, 775, 776,
777, 778, 779, 780, 781
No. 334 (called up)----------------------------------------- 887
No. 336--------------- ------------------------------------903
No. 359------------------- -------------------------- 808-810
No. 360----------------------- ------------------------ 811-813
No. 367------------ ----------------------------------814-815
(Called up)---------------------------------- ---------- 876
No. 370------------------------------- -------------------- 817
(Called up)----- --------------------------------------980
No. 371----------- ------------------------------------819-820
No. 372 (read) -------------------------------------821-823,971
(Amendment agreed to)--------------------------------- 977
No. 374------------------------------------- ------- 824-.25, 944
No. 376 ------------------------------- ---------------- 826-827
(Called up) --------------------------------------------933
No. 377--------------------------------------------------- 828
S. 2727:
Introductory remarks of Senator Dominick----------------------- 1322
As introduced------------------------------------------------ 1323
Section-by-section analysis--------------------------------- 1345-1349
As ordered placed on calendar----------------------------------- 1370
Introductory remarks of Senator Taft---------------------------- 1350
Introductory remarks of Senator Dominick----------------------- 1352
Veto message from the President on H.R. 7935------------------------- 1353
S.2747:
Introductory remarks of Senator Williams----------------------- 1392
As introduced----------------------------- ------------------- 1394
Aiiimendimentiit No. 964 to S. 2747 (by Mr. Buckley, Messrs, McClure.
Hatfield, Fannin, Helms, Dominick, Goldwater, Brock, and Thur-
mond, Feb. 26, 1974----------------------------------------- 1451
As reported in Senate, Feb. 22, 1974------------------------------ 1454
S. Rept. 93-690----------------------------------------------- 1454
Feb. 28,1974-Daily Digest:
Consideration of S. 2747 (Minimum Wage)------------------------ 1505
Feb. 28, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 2747---------------------------------------- 1627
Excerpts from the committee report (exemptions)------------------ 1661
Remarks of Senator Church on S. 2747------------------------- 1673
Amendments to S. 2747:
No. 982 (by Mr. Taft, Messrs. Dominick and Beall)------------ 1687
No. 983 (by Mr. Taft, Messrs. Dominick and Beall)------------- 1690
No. 984 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1693
No. 985 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1695
No. 986 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1697
No. 987 (by Mr. Taft)-------------------------------------- 1699
No. 989 (by Mr. Dominick and Mr. Taft)---------------------- 1705
No. 990 (by Mr. Dominick and Mr. Taft)---------------------- 1707
No. 993 (by Mr. Bartlett to Amendment No. 987 intended to be
proposed by Mr. Taft)------------------------------------ 1710
No. 997 (by Mr. Buckley)-------------------- -------------- 1712
No. 999 (by Mr. Dole)-------------------------------------- 1832
No. 1001 (by Mr. Dole)------------------------------------- 1715
March 5,1974-Daily Digest:
Floor debate continued on S. 2747------------------------------- 1812






XLIV


PROCEDURAL HISTORY-Continued
Page
March 7, 1974--1alily Digest:
lPassage of S. 2747--------------------------- ------------------ 1834
March 7, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate on S. 2747-------------------------------134, 153-1959
S. 2747 as printed and passed --------..-----------..---------------- 960
Authorization for Secretary of Senate to make technical and clerical
corrections in engrossment of S. 2747---------------------------- 2011
March 11, 1974--IHouse:
Referral of S. 2747 to Committee on Education and Labor. ---------2012
March 13. 1974-Daily Digest:
Report on H.R. 12435------------------------------------------ 2013
II.R. 123-15:
As reported in House----------------------------_---------- 2014
House Report 831913----------------------------------- 2110
March 20, 1974-Senate:
Introductory remarks by Mr. Madden on H.R. 12435---------------- 2230
H.R. 12435 summary of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of
1974 (as reported by the Committee on Education and Labor)__ 22235-2239
Fact Sheet-Minimum Wage and the Standard of Living------ 224(-2248
Floor debate continued on H.R. 12435 --------------------------- 2249
Committee amendment in the nature of a substitute printed in the
rcuINrted bill as ;n original bill for the p)urIx)s of amendment -- 2249
Consideration of S. 2747 ----------- -- -------2314-2342
Appointment of Conferees on S. 2747, Fair Labor Standards Act of
1938 -------------------------------------------------------2342
March 21, 1974-Daily Digest:
Executive session of Conferees on Senate- and House-passed versions
of S. 2747------------------------------------------------- 2343
March 2C, 1974-Daily Digest:
Filing of Conference Report on S. 2747--------------------------- 2343
March 26, 1974-House:
Submission of Conference Report on S. 2747----------------------- 2344
S. Rept. 93-758------------------------------------------- 2346
March 28, 1974-House:
Floor debate on Conference Report on S. 2747----------------- 2376
Discussion of differences between Senate bill and House Amendment,
along with resolutions of those differences-------------------2386-2393
March 28, 1974-Senate:
Floor debate of Conference Report on S. 2747--------------------- 2402
Section-by-section analysis------------------------ ---------2407-2414
Allen Amendment------------------------------------------ 2421
Enrolled bill presented---------------------------------------- 2429
April 9, 1974-Daily Digest:
Bill signed by the President (P.L. 93-259) ------------------------- 2430
Public Law 93-259-------------------------------------------- 2431
Changes in existing law made by the Fair Labor Standards Amend-
ments of 1974----------------------------------------------- 2452



























V. SECTIONAL










XLVII

SECTIONAL


Section of
New section Public Law Old section
No. in act 93-259 No. in act Subject Page No.


2(a)---------- 7(a).-------- 2(a).-------- Domestic service employees as af-
fecting commerce.
3(d) ....------- 6(aX) ------- 3(d) ----.---- Employer defined-inclusion of
public agencies.
3(e)---------. 6(a)(2).------ 3(e)------.- Employees covered by the act-
(public agency employees, civil-
ians in the military, legislative
branch employees, judiciary
branch employees, nonappropri-
ated fund institutions, Library of
Congress, U.S. Postal Service,
Postal Rate Commission, holders
of elective office).



3(h)------........... 6(aX3)------- 3(h)------.......- Industry defined ....-------------
3(m)---------- 13(e)------- 3(m)-------- Tipped employees. ---------------


3(rX3)--------- 6(aX4)----- None-...----
3(s) ..--------- 6(aX5)----- 3(s)..------.

3(sX5)------- 6(aX4)------ None-....---


6(aX6)-----
24(c), 27(1)
and (2).


None-.------
4(d)---


Enterprise in connection with the
activities of a public agency.
Enterprise engaged in commerce or
in the production of goods for
commerce.


949, 959-963, 1818-1821, 1827-
1828, 2416.
62, 200, 1931, 2219, 2350, 2352,
2404.
2, 4 57 60, 121, 122, 125, 128-
130, 146, 147, 164, 165, 201,
213, 226, 228, 240 248 249,
258, 262, 275, 291, 348-355,
359, 397, 494, 503, 544, 551,
553, 585,600, 654, 1005, 1649,
1652, 1662, 1677, 1795, 1797,
1800, 1840, 1933-1935, 1939,
1954, 2215, 2218-2219, 2259,
2265, 2277-2278, 2349-2351,
2379, 2381-2384, 2389, 2396-
2397, 2403-2404, 2414, 2416,
2422, 2425.
2219, 2350.
174, 514, 522-524, 541, 650, 651,
654, 1657-1658, 1952-1953,
2221,2241,2356,2390,2411.
1662, 1677, 1795, 1797, 1800,
2350, 2389, 2409.
121, 124, 125, 170, 174, 555, 560,
2219, 2351.


Employees of a public agency-----.-- 2, 121, 122, 125, 128-130, 146,
147, 163, 201, 213, 226, 228,
240, 248, 249, 258, 262, 275,
293, 494, 503, 534, 585, 1649,
1954, 2218, 2220, 2281, 2404.
Definition of public agency---------- 130, 551, 2219, 2350-2351.
Annual report-new requirements.-- 553. See conference reports.


4(dX2), 4(dX3)_ 27(3)------. None .-------. Special studies by the Secretary-....
4(f)...---------. 6(b)--...-------.....-.. do..---.- Administering the provisions of the
act with respect to Federal em-
ployees.
5(e)......---------.-.. 5(a)----------..............do------....... Mainland rates for certain workers
in Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Islands.
6(aXl) ------ 2--------- 6(aXl)------ Minimum wages for employees
covered prior to 1966 amendments.
6(a)(5) --......----- 4..---------..... 6(aX5).------ Minimum wages for agricultural
employees.



6(b).---...------.. 3 .---------.... 6(b).--....-----. Minimum wages for employees firet
covered by the 1966, 1972 and 1974
amendments.


6(c)---------........... 5(b).-------....... 6(c)--------- Minimum wage rates for other
workers in Puerto Rico and the
Virgin Islands.
6(f)---------........... 7(bXl)------ None..-------. Minimum wages for domestic service
employees who meet specified
tests.
7(c)---------.......... 19---------. 7(c)-------...-. Seasonal industry exemption........


7(d)---------........... 19-------.......- 7(d)-------......... Agricultural processing exemption.. --
7(j)...---------... 12(b)........ ------7(j), 13(bX8)- Hospital and certain residential care
establishment employees.
7(k)--------........... 6(cXl)------- None........ -------Police and firefighters-..---...--


515, 546.
1649, 2242, 2351.

1, 55, 59, 121, 122, 129, 164, 272,
340, 1944, 2347, 2349, 2389,
2404.
121, 122, 128, 163, 239, 268, 275,
299, 316 320.
53 60, 126, 134, 164, 178, 197-
200, 230, 231, 252, 269, 274,
298-302, 316, 333, 337, 392-
394, 430, 480, 489, 507, 508,
543, 544, 570, 571, 573, 578,
847, 869, 2284, 2386.
1, 58, 121, 122, 128, 129, 134,
138, 163-165, 299, 300, 333,
396, 1716-1717, 1754, 1756,
1791, 1809-1810, 1834, 1891-
1892, 1924-1925, 2216, 2231,
2235,2261, 2382,2408.
1, 55, 59 121,122,129, 130, 163,
164, 269, 272, 340, 344, 511
542,555,561,2216,2218,2347,
2349, 2389, 2404.
192, 543, 560, 1825, 1896, 2372,
2403, 2410, 2416.
130-132 148-150 166, 213,
259, 166, 370-374, 541, 543,
562,602.,603, 1653-1654,2223,
2323, 2357-2358, 2391. 2412.
55, 166, 201, 213, 259, 922, 1175,
1798, 2391. 2412.
121, 130, 166, 2'i0, 366, 524, 531,
541, 544, 873, 993, 1784, 1956,
2221, 2390, 2410.
Police: 521, 1191, 1935, 1939,


2259, 2263, 2277-2278, 2379,
2383-2384, 2387, 2392, 2395-
2397, 2403, 2416, 2420, 2422,
2425-2426; Firefighters: 521,
1190-1191 1649, 1791, 1794,
1796, 179, 1931, 1933-1934,
1936-1937, 1941, 2259, 2265-
2266, 2351-2352, 2371-2372,
2378-2379, 2383, 2392, 2397,
2403-2404, 2416, 2420, 2422,
2425.


3(x) ...........
4(dXl)-----







XLVIII

SECTIONAL- Continued


Subject


Domestic service employees.......


7(m).......... --------9(a)-------......... 7(c) .......... Certain tobacco workers............


7(n) ........... 21(a) ........ None ........
8(a)........... ---------5(d)......... -------8(a)----_

8(b)........... 5(cXl)------ 8(b).........

8(c)-..-------- 5(d)-------......... 8(c).--...-

10(a).......... --------5(cX2)----- I10(a)........

12(d). ........ 25(a)..--.--. None ........
13(aX2)...... 8(aXbXc). - 13(aX2) .---


13(aXl5)-----...... 7(bX3) .......---- None------........
13(bX2)------....... 23(c)......... 13(bX2)......

13(bX4)------... 11---------........... 13(bX4)-......


Local transit employees............
Wage orders in Puerto Rico and the
Virgin Islands-frequency of re-
view.
Wage orders in Puerto Rico and the
Virgin Islands-new criterion for
industry recommendations.
Wage orders in Puerto Rico and the
Virgin Islands-limitation on wage
increase.
Scope of court review of wage orders
for Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,
and American Samoa.
Proof of age (child labor) ..........-
Retail or service establishments-
gradual repeal for establishments
of an enterprise.
Certain babysitters and companions
to the aged or infirm.
Common carriers by rail; repeal of
exemption for oil pipeline em-
ployees.
Fish and seafood processing...... -


13(bX7)------....... 21(b)........ -------13(bX7) ......-- Local transit employees......--------


13(bX8) --..---


12(a) and
13(aH-d)


13(bX8) ..-...


Hotel, motel and restaurant em-
ployees.



Salesmen, partsmen and mechanics-.
Maple sap processing employees;
repeat of complete overtime ex-
emption for cotton ginning and
other sugar processing employees
Food service employees.--..-------


13(bXl0)...... -----14. --------- 13(bXO0).....
13(bX15)...... ------20(a)........ --------13

13(bX18)----....--. 15----------........... 13(bX18)---..


13(bX19)..-----... 16---------........... 13(bX19)--.-- Bowling establishments..----------


13(bX20) ...... 6(cX2).......----- None..



13(bX21) ..--..... 7b(4)...------- None.. -


...... Fire protection and law enforcement
employees of small public agencies.


...... Live-in domestic service employees..


7(1)....- .....-


New section
No. in act


Section of
Public Law
93-259


7(bX2) .. .. None........


Old section
No. in act


54, 121, 131, 150-152, 167, 177,
178, 192, 199, 214, 250, 258,
259, 264-266, 278-293 296-
298, 306-308, 321 325 349,
367-369, 397, 39A, 49-502,
514, 541, 54,. 545. 560. 574.
575, 597-599, 949-955, 957-
961, 963-965, 973, 1027, 1029.
1032, 1033, 1269, 1277, 1286,
1676-1686, 1714, 1717, 1791-
1792, 1797, 1800-1801, 1813,
1815-1822, 1824-1826, 1828,
1895-1897, 1950-1957, 2220,
2253-2254 2353, 2372-2373,
2382, 2386, 2390, 2403, 2410,
2416.2418.
132, 162, 169, 192, 368, 369,
1196, 2220-2221, 2354, 2390,
2410.
47, 148, 364, 365, 603, 604, 93.
1, 145, 175, 179, 183, 184, 192,
193, 565, 566.
141, 145, 175, 179, 183, 184, 192,
193, 554, 1946, 2216, 2218,
2241,2347,2349,2375.
142 144 145 176, 179, 180-185,
12-145. '
145, 179, 183, 194, 195, 567, 568.

111 543, 569.
57, 60, 132, 157, 158, 168, 197,
198, 201 251, 368 489 497
498, 544, 554, 570, 576, 571
933-943, 1716.
963, 1561, 1792, 1895, 1898,
2220,2250,2252.
519, 544, 571, 572, 1655, 2239,
2361.
197, 199,520,543,570, 572,993,
1196-1197, 1655-16D6, 2221,
2286, 2355, 2390, 2410.
130, 147, 148 165 166. 199,
364, 365, 514, 5206, 521, 541,
544, 572 575 603, 1651-1657,
2224, 2360, 2392, 2412.
121, 122, 129, 132 142, 143,
158, 163, 168, 322, 340, 368,
489, 522, 542, 544, 554, 572,
993, 1032, 1656, 1657, 1957,
2221, 2268, 2355-2356, 2390,
2411.
524, 2132.
544, 573, 1659, 1956-1957,
2223, 2359-2360.

122, 129, 514, 526, 545, 554,
573, 576, 1660, 2213, 2356-
2357, 2391, 2411.
526, 545, 574, 576, 1660, 2222,
2357.
1649, 1791, 1796, 1799, 1931,
1933, 1935, 1939, 1941, 2259,
2266 2277, 2351 2352, 2379,
2383-2384 2392, 2396, 2403-
2404, 2416-2417 2422.
54 121, 131, 150-152, 167,
192, 199, 214, 250, 258, 259,
264-266, 278-283 296-298,
306-308, 397, 398, 499-502,
514, 541, 545, 560, 574, 597-
599, 949-966, 973, 1027-1029,
1032, 1033, 1676-1678, 1717,
1791-1792, 1797, 1801, 1813,
1815-1827 1895-1898, 1954,
2220, 2253-2254, 2353, 2372,
2382, 2386, 2390, 2403, 2410,
2416, 2418.


Page No.







XLIX


SECTIONAL-Continued


Subject


13(bX22) -..--


9(bX2)----- 13(aX14) ---


Tobacco processing employees (shade
grown).


13(bX23)--...--- 10(bXl)---- 13(aXll)----- Telegraph agency employees.-------


13(bX24)---....- 17--------- None.------
13(bX25).----- 20(b)..------- 13(bX15)--.

13(bX26)-..---- 20(c)------- 13(bX15)--.


13(bX27)---...- 23(aX2)----- 13(aX9)----
13(bX28)----- 23(bX2)----- 13(aX13)----
13(cXl)------ 25(b). -------13(cXl) ---

13(g)----- 18.------ None---

13(h)-------- 22--------- 7(c) and 7(d)-


14(b) and 14(c)- 24(b)---
14(d)----- 24(b)----
16(b)----- 6(dX1) ----


14(b), (c) and
(d).
None------
16(b)-..----


16(c)---- 26 ---------16(c)-------
16(e) ----25(c)------- None------


Substitute parents for institutional-
ized children.


132, 162, 169, 192, 198, 199,
228, 517, 544, 571, 993, 1196,
1653,2390, 2410.
544, 571, 1660, 2221, 2263,
2355,2410.
314, 369, 2222, 2228.


Cotton ginning employees-------- 201, 524-526, 545, 573, 993,
1196, 1659, 1956, 1967, 2223,
2225, 2358-2360, 2391, 2412.
Sugar beet, sugar beet molasses and 370, 371, 386, 524, 525, 545, 843,
sugar cane processing employees. 1659-1660, 1956-1957, 2225,
2359-2360, 2391, 2412, 2501-
2502.
Motion picture theaters---------- 201, 514, 515, 571, 574, 602,
2263.
Forestry and logging operations-.....- 198, 202, 514, 516, 544, 545,
574, 575, 2392, 2412.
Child labor in agriculture--------- 56, 201, 377, 508-511, 545, 574,
577, 578, 1027, 1650, 1675-
1676, 2418.
Employees of certain conglomerates- '55, 121, 129, 132, 158-161, 163,
168, 169, 322, 340, 368, 389,
2223,2357,2391,2412.
Cotton storage and compressing, 370, 371, 2225, 2358-2361, 2391,
cottonseed processing, and sugar- 2412.


beet and sugar cane processing
employees.
Employment of full-time students ---
Student work programs-----------
Wage suits by public agency em-
ployees.
Back wage suits by the Secretary;
liquidated damages.
Child labor enforcement; civil penal-
ties.


257, 258, 317, 527-529, 906, 968,
2267.
157, 247, 248.
1574.


57 63, 545,
2414.
62, 509, 545,
2227, 2413.


587, 1952, 2393,
569, 1195-1196,


AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT

ll(b)----- -- ----- 11(b).------- Age discrimination in employment; 979, 1028, 1955, 2404.
11(f) ------------------11(f)-------- changes in coverage; extension to
15-------------------- None --------public sector (including Federal).

PORTAL-TO-PORTAL ACT

6(d)----- 6(dX2XA)-...-. None...------- Tolling of statute of limitations in 546, 1468, 1531.
suits brought by public employees.
11---------- 6(dX2XB)--.... 11--------- Liquidated damages in suits by the 57, 1952, 2393, 2414.
Secretary.


32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 76 4


New section
No. in act


Section ot
Public Law
93-259


Old section
No. in act


Page No.














[From the Congressional Record-Senate, May 7, 1973]
FAIR LABOR STANDARDS AMENDMENTS OF 1973
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS OF SENATOR DOMINICK ON 8. 1725
Mr. DOMIINCK. Mr. President, on behalf of Mr. Taft and myself,
I introduce for appropriate reference a bill to amend the Fair Labor
Standards Act to provide for increases in minimum wage rates, and
for other purposes.
While this bill is similar to the one we offered last year as a
substitute for the bill reported by the Labor and Public Welfare
Committee, it contains several important changes.
First, it provides for somewhat larger increases in minimum wage
rates. Under this bill, the minimum wage for nonagricultural em-
ployees would be increased from the present level of $1.60 an hour to
$2.30 an hour in five steps stretched out over a 4-year period. The
minimum wage would be raised to $1.80 an hour on the effective date
of these amendments-60 days after enactment-to $2 an hour a year
later, to $2.10 an hour 2 years after the effective date, to $2.20 3 years
after the effective date, and to $2.30 4 years after the effective date.
Assuming these amendments were to go into effect this year, the mini-
mum wage for nonagricultural employees would reach $2.30 an hour
sometime in 1977.
Unlike previous increases in minimum wage rates, these increases
would apply equally to all nonagricultural employees within coverage
of the Fair Labor Standards Act, regardless of when they were first
covered. I understand why it is necessary to phase in newly covered
businesses at lower rates initially, but I have never been able to under-
stand why it makes sense to perpetuate the gap. I think the increases
this bill proposes are moderate enough to avoid undue hardship on
those industries first brought within coverage of the Fair Labor Stand-
ards Act by the 1966 amendments.
This bill would increase the minimum rate for farmworkers from its
present level of $1.30 an hour to $1.90 an hour in three steps. It would
be raised to $1.50 on the effective date, to $1.70 a year later, and to
$1.90 a year after that.
The minimum rate for employees in Puerto Rico and the Virgin
Islands would be increased by 37.5 percent above the most recent rate
established by the special industry committees for each industry. The
increase would be in three steps of 12.5 percent each, the first taking
place on the effective date of these amendments, the second 1 year later,
and the third a year after that. The total increase would be roughly
comparable to that of employees on the mainland, and the existing
industry committee system under which minimum wages are estab-
lishpd on an industry-by-industry basis would be preserved.
The minimum rate for employees in the Canal Zone would remain
at $1.60 in order to avoid worsening the already great disparity be-







tweezn wages paid workers in thle Canal Zone and workers in Panama,
where linli m rates 11ran1e1 from 4-10 to 70 cents per hour.
I think tihe wage increases proposed(l in this bill are reasonable, and
are stretched ol t tover lonr ,nolugh periods of time that they could be
absorbed without a great infltationary impact on the economy. They
a re1) based on the recognition that excessive increases have adverse infla-
tionary and unemployment effects, and reflect an effort to minimize
those effects. I certainly liope that these proposed increases will not
influence others in the Senate to support even greater increases. I
o lI(ld strolg'ly Oppose ay greater? increases. At a tim 61C Wliel in elation
is soaring, we ought to be very careful not to aggravate it-particu-
larly since those hurt most by inflation are those we are trying to
lhelp-low-income workers.
The second difference between this bill and the substitute I spon-
sored last 'ear is that this bill would extend minimum wage coverage
to somne 4.T iiii1lion Fed(leral, State, an(l local government employees
not now covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act. Coverage would not
be extended to military personnel, professional, executive, and ad-
ministrative personnel, employees in noncompetitive positions, or vol-
unteer employees such as those in the Peace Corps and VISTA.
At present about 3.3 million Federal, State, and local employees
are covered for minimum wage purposes. The extension of basic mini-
mum wage coverage to additional government employees since it does
not include overtime coverage, would have a relatively slight cost
impact.
The wage levels of all Federal employees to whom coverage would
be extended are above the current minimum wage. A 1971 report of
the Department of Labor indicated that wage levels .for State and
local government employees not covered by the act. are, on the aver-
age. substantially higher than those of workers already covered.
This bill would provide for no other extensions of coverage, and
would not revise existing exemptions. Before any attempt is made
to revise the many complex exempt ions which have been carved out for
various industries, I think Congress needs more facts. Accordingly, the
bill would require the Secretary of Labor to do a comprehensive study
of the exemptions and submit to Congress within 3 years a report con-
taining recommendations as to whether each exemption should be con-
tinued, removed, or modified.
The youth differential provision of this bill is considerably narrower
in application than the provision I supported last year. First, the dif-
ferential rate would be 85 percent of the applicable new minimum
rates, rather than 80 percent as previously. Second, for youths under 18,
the. differential rate could be paid only during the first 6 months of em-
ployment. Full-time students would be eligible for the youth differen-
tial, but only for part-time work-not more than 20 hours per week-
except where they are employed at the educational institution they are
attending. Students working full time at off-campus jobs during vaca-
tions would not be eligible for tlie youth differential rate.
This narrowed application of the youth differential should meet the
objections of those who felt the provision in the substitute bill last year
would have reduced adult employment opportunities. The 6-month
limitation would further reduce. the already minimal possibility of







competition between adult workers and teenagers for low-skilled jobs.
This provision would encourage employers to provide inexperienced
young workers with job training opportunities necessary in order for
them to acquire marketable job skills. Also, few adults seek the kinds
of part-time jobs held by students.
The effect of this youth differential provision would be to preserve
job opportunities for students and teenagers which would otherwise
be eliminated when existing minimum wage rates are increased. It is
not a question of displacing adult workers. It is a question of whether
marginal jobs are held by teenagers and students working part-time, or
whether such jobs are simply eliminated. Every time the minimum
wage is increased, many marginal jobs are eliminated because employ-
ers find it more economical to mechanize or use some other means to
avoid paying employees at the increased rate. There is general agree-
ment among the experts that minimum wage increases result in de-
creased job opportunities for low-skilled marginal workers-particu-
larly inexperienced teenagers. The Labor Department's 1973 report to
Congress on the Fair Labor Standards Act summarizes three recent
studies analyzing the impact of minimum wage increases on youth em-
ployment. Each of the studies clearly indicates that youth employment
is adversely affected by minnimum wage increases. Without a youth dif-
ferential provision, the increases implemented by this bill would
worsen the already high teenage unemployment rate-which has been
above 15 percent for several years.
The Fair Labor Standards Act contains a provision permitting an
85 percent "youth differential" to full-time students and youth under
18. But, it also requires that employers receive Labor Department cer-
tification prior to employment of youth at the special rate. This re-
quirement, which has discouraged employers from fully utilizing the
existing youth differential provisions because of the extensive forms
and report-filing involved, would be removed by this bill. The bill
would, however, require the Secretary of Labor to issue regulations
insuring against displacement of adult workers. It also ma-es clear
that employers found to be in violation of the conditions of the youth
differential provision would be subject to the existing civil and crimi-
nal penalties under the act.
I think this youth differential provision merits at least a trial run.
If it does not work, we can always modify it, or repeal it and look for
something better. The alternative is to simply turn our backs on the
very critical problem of high youth unemployment.
The bill contains several other provisions amending the Fair Labor
Standards Act-including several tightening up enforcement of the
child labor provisions of the act. I ask unanimous consent that the
text of the bill and a section-by-section analysis of it be included in
the Record at the conclusion of mv remarks, together with a state-
ment by Senator Taft in support of the bill.
In conclusion, Mr. President, I have strong views about minimum
wage legislation, and feel very strongly that anything we do in this
regard should take into account the potential adverse inflationary and
unemployment effects. I think I made tliat clear last year. What I
want to emphasize is that this bill was not drafted with the idea that
it would merely serve as a starting point for negotiations in the Labor







and Public Welfare Comn Iittee. (O)n tihe coit rary, it was drafted with
the intent tliat it would l)e a reasonable comlpromlise between the bill
reported by the Labor alnd Plublic. Welfare Committee last year and
tlhe substitute bill I sponsored with Senator Taft. The substitute,
which fell one vote short of Senate approval, was revised specifically
with that in mind. This bill contains significant changes-most nota-
bly with regard to extending co'ver:ige to Federal, State, and local
government employees, and narrowing the scope of the youth
differential.
Mr. President, I feel this bill is a reasonable compromise which is
in tlhe best interests of thle public, and which should be capable of get-
ting the support of a majority of the Senate.
[The text of S. 1725 follows:]








DI) COXNGhESS
1ST SESSION
7 !


S. 1725


IN. TlE SENATE OF THIE UNITED STATES
... .MAY 1973
Mr. DoMiNxrcK (for himself and Mr. TAF-T) introduced the following bill; which
was read tw ice and(I referred to the (Committee on Labor and IPublic WeIfa're

i. -'* _____________.______________________________

A BILL
To amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to increase
the minimum wage, and for other purposes.

1 .-. Be it cnacted by the Senate and House of Representa-

2 tiucs of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

'3 That this Act may be cited as the "Fair Labor Standards
A4. Amendments of 1973'".

5 DEFINITIONS AND APPLICABILITY TO GOVERNMENT
,6 EMPLOYEES

7, SEC. 2. (a) Section 3 (d) of the Fair Labor Standards
,A.et of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203 (d)) is amended to read as

'9 follows:
10. -"'(d) 'Employer' includes any person acting directly or

11 indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an










1 t'IINl] t't. i i llldi11., thic niited Statlc ; a d aniv State I r
2 l,',liliril sulnlivi-iiI ibf t S;itAr, 1tit shall wiot included any labor

3 ,r,"ii/liiln (otlh r tli;1i wlici a illg as.- 1 i emplohyer), or
4 ;lly<,le a'lii: in the cl'.pacity of fl ictr ir ;agent of such labor


6 (1b) Sccliiii 3 (e) (if -iinl Act i- ni iii idd by adding at the
7 edid tlirciif the fllowiiiu: "In the case of aivm indi idual em-

S ployrd by the Inited State-. 'emlploycc' nicaiili any individ-
Swal cn plNyeil (i) na. a ci\ iliau in tle military departments as
10 (lit'iii'd in -''tlon 102 i'f title 5, United States Code. (ii) in
11 executive -'icucic.- (other tlian the General Accounting Of-
12 fice) n- defined in ,,cchion 105 of title 5, United States Code
13 (including employ.c.e who are paid from nonappropriated

14 fuind:,), (iii) in the United States Postal Service and the
15 Poltal Bate Coliiinii..ion. (iv) in those units of the govern-

16 iniit of tlhe Di:trict of Colunilia liaving positions in the conm-

17 petitive -crvic. (v) in those units of tlhe legislative and
18 judicial branches of tlhe Federal Government having posi-
19 lions in the competitive ervice. and (vi) in the Librar" of
_. C,'oiigre and in the rase of any individual employed by any

21 State or a political suldivi-in of amy State means auiy em-
22 Pllvyee lIlldiii u1, -1 po,-ition co n pairale to one of the positions
23 ,in.cnitctd for individuals enploNyed by the United States.".

24 (e) Section 3(h) of such Act is amended to read as
25 follows:








3

1 (h) 'Industry' means a trade, business, industry, or
2 other activity, or branch or group thereof, in which individ-
3 uals are gainfully employed.".
4 (d) (1) The first sentence of section 3 (r) of such Act
5 is amended by inserting after the word "whether", the words
6 "public or private or conducted for profit or not for profit, or
7 whether".
8 (2) The second sentence of such subsection is amended

9 to read as follows: "For purposes of this subsection, the ac-
10 tivities performed by any person in connection with the activ-
11 ities of the Government of the United States or any State or
12 political subdivision shall be deemed to be activities per-

13 formed for a business purpose.".
14 (e) The first sentence of section 3 (s) of such Act is
15 amended by inserting after the words "means an enterprise",

16 the parenthetical clause (whether public or private or oper-
17 ated for profit or not for profit and including activities of the

18 Government of the United States or of any State or political
19 subdivision of any State) ".

20 (f) Section 13 (b) of such Act is amended by striking
21 out the period at the end of paragraph (19) and inserting

22 in lieu thereof a semicolon and the word "or" and by adding
23 at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
24 (20) any employee employed by the United States
25 (A) as a civilians in the military departments as defined inii





8


4
1 section 102 of title 5, United Statcs Code, (B) in executive
2 an(clicie. (other than the Genieral Accmulntinig Office) us de-
3 fined in se tion 1()I5 (f title 5, Unitcd Sttics Code (ilncludillg
4 ,employes \wl(o arc pai d from iioilinpprop,-iald fuids), (C)

5 in tl ic United States Potial Scrvice ;ill di( lie Potal Rate Coni-
6 miimon, (D)) in those units of tihe groverlinejt of the DistriLt.
7 of Colhiinl iLi liavilig 1poJ,(itls in the coInplCiti\ service, (E)
8 in those units of the legislative a 1nd judicial braniiehs of tlie
9 Federal Governient, having positions in tle c.nipetitive

10 service, aid (F) in the Library of Co11gress, and any eCn-
11 })oyee employed by any Stnte or a political subdivision of
12 ainy State holding a position comparable to one of the posi-

13 tions enumerated in this paragraph for individuals employed
14 by the United States."
15 INCREASE IN MINIMUM WAGE
16 SiEC. 3. (a) Section 6 (a) (1) of the Fair Labor Stand-

17 ards Act of 1938 is amended to read as follows:
18 "(1) (A) not less than $1.80 an hour during tlhe

19 first year from the effective date of the Fair Labor
20 Standards Amen(dmnents of 1973,
21 "(B) not less than $2 an hour during the second

22 year1 from the effective date of sucli amendments,
23 (C) not less than $2.10 an hour during the thliird
24 year from tlhe effective date of such amendments,







5
1 "(D) not less than $2.20 an hour during the fourth

2 year from the effective date of such amendments, and
3 (E) not less than $2.30 an hour thereafter."
4 (b) Paragraph (5) of section 6 (a) is amended to

5 read as follows:
6 (5) if such employee is employed in agriculture,
7 not less than $1.50 an hour during the first year from the
8 effective date of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments
9 of 1973, not less than $1.70 an hour during the second
10 year from the effective date of such amendments, and not
31 less than $1.90 an hour thereafter."
12 (c) (1) Section 6 (b) of such Act is repealed.

13 (2) Subsections (c), (d), and (e) of section 6 of such
14 Act are redesignated as subsections (b), (c), and (d),
15 respectively.
16 EMPLOYEES IN THE CANAL ZONE

17 SEC. 4. Section 6 (a) of the Fair Labor Standards Act

18 of 1938 is amended by striking out the period at the end of
19 paragraph (5) of such section and inserting in lieu thereof a
20 semicolon and the word "or", and by adding at the end
21 thereof the following new paragraph:

22 (6) if such employee is employed in thle Canial
23 Zone not less than $1.60 an hour."









1 E.MPLOI YES IN I'IEW IO lIK0 ANI Till M. VIRiN ISILAN)S
2 SEC. 5. ParagraIphs (A) and (B) of section (b) (2) of
3 the Fair Lahir Stanida'rd., Act of 1!):)8 (a:s rede-igrl,.,td lV
4 section 3 (c) (2) of this Act) are ,amended to read a follows:

5 (A.) 'li te rate 01 et('s applicable Iunder thle .most recent

6 wa~ge order issed by thle Secretary prior to the ufTe'iive date
7 Of thle Fair Lalor Staid;irds Aiileidinii('ts of 1973 increased
8 l 12.5 per centiii iuinles uch rate or rates a.reT superseded
by tlie rate or rate, 1pjiecribid in a wae order issued by the

10 S.cretarv pursue, ,it to dhie recon,,iiiendatioiis of a review comrn-
11 Illittee appointed under parigraili (C). Such rate or rates
12 saiill btcO.tme effective sixty days after the effective date of

13 the Fair Lalbor Stamidards Amendients of 1973, or one year

14 fro'll tlme effective date of the most recent. Nwa 'e order ap-
15 plic'bll to sutch employee thcrctofore is,,uId by lite Secretary
16 C pur.,'ant to the reco',m ,mendatiois of la special indl(lstlry co11t-

17 nittee appointed under section 5, whichever is later.

18 (B) (i) Effective one year after tie applicable effee-
19 tive date under paragraph (A), the rate or rates prescribed

20 by pamragrraph (A), inicr'ased Iby an amount equal to 12.5 per
21 ientumn of the rate or rates applicable under the most recent
22 wage order issued by the Secretairy prior to the effective date

23 of thle Fair Labor Standards Amendine'ts of 1973 unless
24 such rate or rates are super-seded by thle rate or rates pre-
25 scribed in a wage order issued by itl St'rt a ry pursuit to








7
1 the recommendation of a review committee appointed under
2 paragraph (C).
3 (ii) Effective two years after the applicable effective

4 date under paragraph (A), the rate or rates prescribed by
5 subparagraph (i) of this paragraph incrca.ed by an amount

6 equal to 12.5 per centmun of the rate or rates applicable under

7 the most recent wage order issued by the Secretary prior to
8 thet effective date of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments

9 of 1973 unless such rate or rates are superseded by the rate
10 or rates prescribed in a wage order issued by the Secretary

11 pursuant to the recommendation of a review committee ap-
12 pointed under paragraph (C)."

13 PROOF OF AGE 1REQUIRIMENT
14 SEC. 6. Section 12 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of

15 1938 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following

16 new subsection:

17 (d) In order to carry out the objectives of this sec-

18 tion, the Secretary may by regulations require employers
19 to obtain from any employee proof of age."

20 CHILD LABOR IN AGRICULTURE

21 SEC. 7. (a) Section 13 (c) (1) of the Fair Labor Stand-

22 ards Act of 1938 is amended to read as follows:

23 (c) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) the pro-
24 visions of section 12 relatingg to child labor) shall not ap-

25 ply to any employee employed in agriculture outside of






12


8
1 sclio l ,im-ir for filit ,'lhiol ditrct wcwhere ,ucil employee is

2 liviinv while h1-

"3 "(A) 1< 'plioyed Iby Ii, 1,arnrlt. -r by a person

4 <"llldihL. in tie plae ocef i li, par'ilt, (iii a farm owned

5 or operated 1iV such parent or person.
6 (B) is fourteen years of age or older, or

7 (C) is twelve years of age or older, and (i) such

8 employment is with tlie written coiin'et of his parent or
9 per-on s.tandiii.' in place of 1hi- parent, or (ii) his parent

10 or sn(li person is employed on lthe same farm."..

11 (b) S.ct.oim 13 (d) (if su th Act is amciided to read 3'4

12 follows:

13 "(d) Tlie pnrovi-iols of section-s 6, 7, aiid 12 -hall not

14 apply with nr-spect to any employs, cin1gaed in the delivery
15 of new\vsp;ipci, to the con-dl-mmr, and tlie pr)vi:.ios, of section

16 12 shall not apply with respect to aniy .l climployee.wlnii

17 (n,.a ed in the dcliveiy to 1o1ucioids or consumers of shop-

18 ping ,m-ws includingn fliopping guides, handlbills. or Qtliei

19 tylve of advcrtisiinu mat'riald) pulIli.lied by any wcekl3:,semi-
20 weCkly, Wir daily ev papr."

21 EXI'ANI)ING IEM PLOY M 'NT OPIPOI, TI NI'II;S FORi YOl'TII;,

2 S',PE'CIAL MINIMIU.M WV;1:S FOR E.MI'IPLOYEJS VNDEL
'23 EIGHITEEN AND STII)DENTS

24 SEC. 8. Section 14 (b) of the Fair Labor Standards Act

25 of 1938 is amended to read as follows: .






13


9

1 (b) (1) Subject to paragraph (2) and to such stand-
2 ards and requirements as may be required by the Secretary
3 under paragraph (4), any employer may, in compliance

4 with applicable child labor laws, employ, at the -pecial miin-

5 imumwage rate prescribed in paragraph (3), any employee-

6 (A) to whom the l!i1Iimiiam wage rate required by
7 section 6 would apply in such employment but for this

8 subsection, and

9 (B) who is under the age of eighteen or is a full-

10 time student.
11 "(2) No employer may employ, at the special nliiiliuilm

12 wage rate authorized by this subsection-

13 "(A) for a period in excess of one hundred and

14t eighty days any employee who under the age of eighteen

15 and is not a full-time student; or

16 (B) for longer than twenty hours per week any
17 employee who is a full-time student, except in any case

18 in which any such student is employed by the educational

19 institution at which he is enrolled.

20 "(3) The special miiniaumi wage rate authorized by this
21 subsection is a wage rate which is not less than the higher of

22 (A) 85 per ceniitum of the otherwise applicable minimum
23 wage rate prescribed by section 6, or (B) 81.30 an hour in
24 the case of employment in agriculture or 81.60 an hour in the
25 case of other employment, except that such special minimum






14


10
I wv.. .-, r:ite f,,r .,pl,,ye ini ]'l1 ,t, Mu',, tlhe' \"irin bl-.iid-.
2 aind AmlericaInl l i moa; Iill lint hc I'c- th0an 8. per celiim of

3 tlh' i]ldi,.ry w ia,_ order raLte olThcriwie aipplicalle to .iIch
4 ciniployces, lhit in noi c'ae -liall stlt'i .-lp c l llaiiillilnii l wage

5 rate i less tlmin that pri)vidcd foir inder tlie iiiost rvecciit iwage
6 rlder i-tcd prior to tlie effective d(it e of th Faiir al1bor

7 Stniarrd-. Act of 1973.
8 (4) The S.cretary slill by rergulati,, prescrintie tand-

9 yards and re, uiriiients to inisure that this -ulb.ction will not

10 c-rate a sulitnntial prol1ti lility of reducing the full-time

11 empliyinent opprtunitieit, of per-onls oilier tlhim those to

12 whom tli. miinmum wage rate authorized bv thi' sul,,ectionl

13 is applicalde.

14 "(5) For purposes of sections 16 (b) anid 16 (c)-

15 "(A) any employer who employs any employee

16 under this sulbsection at a wage rate which is lcss than

17 the miniI1num wage rate prescribed by paragraph (3)

18 :hall be considered to have violated tlhe provi:iomis of
19 .cCtion 6 in his employment of the employee, and the

20 liability of the employer for umipaid wage, and overtime
21 c(,11)pe',sation shall lie determined on tlhe basis (if the
22 otherwise applicable minkiium wage rate under section

23 6; and

24 "(B) any employer whio employs any employee
25 under this subsection for a period in exces, of the period








11

1 prescril)ed by paragraph (2) shall be considered to have

2 violated the provisions of section 6 in his employment of

3 the employee during the period in excess, of the author-

4 ized period."

5 CIVIL PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN LABOR VIOLATIONS

6 SEC. 9. Section 16 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of

7 1938 is amended by adding at the end thereof the following

8 new subsection:

9 "(e) Any person who violates the provisions of section

10 12, relating to child labor, or any regulation issued under that

11 section, shall be subject to a civil penalty of not to exceed

12 $1,000 for each such violation. In determining the amount of

13 such penalty, the appropriateness of such penalty to the size

14 of the business of the person charged and the gravity of the

15 violation shall be considered. The amount of such penalty,

16 when finally determined, may be-

17 "(1) deducted from any sums owing by the United

18 States to the person charged; or

19 "(2) recovered in a civil action brought by the

20 Secretary in any court of competent jurisdiction, in

21 which litigation the Secretary shall be represented by the

22 Solicitor of Labor; or

23 "(3) ordered by the court, in an action brought

24 under section 17 to restrain violations of section 15 (a)

25 (4), to be paid to the Secretary.


32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 76 5





16


12

1 ;\lIy adllli.i.tratilve deterililnaItion by the Secretary (if ilI,'

2 aouninkt of such penalty shall be final, unless within flitctc
3 days after receipt of notice thereof by certified mnail the per-
4 son charged with the violation takes exception to tlhe deter-

5 inination that the violations for which the penalty is inilmposed

6 occiirred, in which event final determination of thle penalty
7 shall be made in an administrative proceeding after oppWor-

8 tunity for hearing in accordance with section 554 of title 5,

9 United States Code, and regulations to hbe promulgated by

10 the Secretary. Sunis collected as penalties pursuant to this
11 section bhall be applied toward reinibursemient of the costs

12 of determining the violations and assessing and collecting

13 such penalties, in accordance with the provisions of section

14 2 of an Act entitled 'An Act to authorize the Department of
15 Labor to make special statistical studies upon pJayment of the

16 cost thereof, and for other purposes' (48 Stat. 582)."

17 PENALTIES

18 SEc. 10. The first two sentences of section 16 (c) of the
19 Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as anenided, are amended

20 to read as follows:
21 "The Secretary is authorized to supervise the payment

22 of thle unpaid minimum wages or the unpaid overtime corn-
23 p(ensat.lon owing to any employee or employees under section

24 6 or 7 of this Aot, and the agreement of any employee to
25 accept such paylnmit shall upon payment. in full constitute a.








13

1' waiver by such employee of any right he may have under

2 subsection (b) of this section to such unpaid minimum wages
3 or unpaid overtime compensation and an additional equal
4 amount as liquidated damages. The Secretary may bring

5 an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to recover
6 the amount of the unpaid minimum wages or overtime com-
7 pensiation and an equal amount as liquidated damages."

8 NONDISCIRIMINATION ON ACCOUNT OF AGE IN
9 GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT

10 Szc. 11. (a) (1) The second sentence of section 11 (b)
.1 of the Age Discriniination in Employment Act of 1967 (29

12 U.S.C. 621) is amenii&d to read as follows: "The term also
13 nieasm (1) any agent of such a person, and (2) a State or

14 political subdivision of a State and any agency or instrumen-
15 tality of a State or a political subdivision of a State, but such

16 term does not include the United States, or a corporation
17 wholly owned by the Government of the United States.".

18 (2) Section 11 (c) of such Act is amended by striking
19 out "or any agency of a State or political subdivision of a

20 State, except that such terms shall include the United States
21 Employment Service and the systems of State and local cm-

22 ployment services receiving Federal assistance."
23 (3) Section 16 of such Act is amended by striking the
24 figure "$3,000,000", and inserting in lieu thereof "$5,000,-
25 000".





is


14

1 (1b) (1) Tlhe Age Discri,,ination in Employment Art
2 of 19';7 is aiiindcd 1y redtsigiiatig sect ions 15 and 16,

3 and all refcrellnces thereto. as section 16 and section 17,

4 respectiively.

5 (2) The Age Discriminaition in Employmnent Act of

6 1967 is further anwi'ided 1Ny adding immediately after section
7 14 thle following new section:

8 '"NON)DIS( 1SCIMINAT ION ON ACCOUNT OF AGE IN FEDERAL

9 OVERN MENT EMPLOYMENT

10 "SEC. 15. (a) All personnel actions affecting employ-
11 ces or applicants for employment (except with regard to

12 aliens employed outside the limits of the United States) in

13 military departments as defined in section 102 of title 5,

14 United States Code, in executive agencies (other than the

15 General Accounting Office) as defined in section 105 of

16 title 5, United States Code (including employees and appli-

17 cants for employment who are paid from nonappropriated

18 funds), in the United States Postal Service and the Postal
19 Rate Commnission, of the government of the District of Co-

20 luhnibia having positions in tlhe competitive service, and in

21 those units of the legislative and judicial branches of the
22 Fedeiral Gov'erinment having p..ositi(ons in the competitive

23 service, and in the Library of Congress shall be made free

24 from any discrimination based on age.

25 (b) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection,






19


15

1 the Civil Service Conmmission is authorized to enforce the

2 provisions of subsection (a) through appropriate remedies,
3 including reinstatement of hiring of empl)loyees with or

4 without backpay, as will effectuate the policies of this section.

5 The Civil Service Commission shall issue such rules, regula-
6 tions, orders, and instructions as it deems necessary and ap-

7 propriate to carry out its responsibilities under this section.

8 The Civil Service Commission shall-

9 "(1) be responsible for the review and evaluation

10 of the operation of all agency programs designed to carry

11 out the policy of this section, periodically obtaining and
12 publishing (on at least a semiannual basis) progress re-

13 ports from each such department, agency, or unit; and

14 (2) consult with and solicit the recommendations
15 of interested individuals, groups, and organizations relat-

16 ing to nondiscrimination in employment on account of

17 age.

18 The head of each such department, agency, or unit shall

19 comply with such rules, regulations, orders, and instructions

20 which shall include a provision that an employee or applicant
21 for employment shall be notified of any final action taken or

22 any complaint of discrimination filed by him thereunder. Rea-

23 sonable exemptions to the provisions of this section iimay be

24 established by the Commission but only when the Commis-

25 sion has established a maximum age requirement on the basis






20


1G

1 of a determination that iage is a bonn fide occupational quaili-
2 flionlii necessary to the lirforlanre of the duties of tlihe

3 p iii(ion. Within re-pt to emp(Ilo)m'emnit in the Library of ('on-
4 gress, aulltoritit.s granted in tins subsection to thle Civil Serv-

5 ice Coummis.ion sliall 1bet exercised by the Librarian of

6 Congress.
7 (c) Any persons aggrieved mniy bring a civil action in

s aiy m curt of ',,mputent jIIrisdiction for sucli le(;al or equitable

9 relief as will efTectiale tlhe purposes of tiis Act.

10 (d) Wlien the individiial hias it filed ia nomplhaint (on-
11 (*cininpr a'e di"criiiiiatioll with tlie( Cm(,imis.ion, no Civil

12 al ton m)iy I)e commcenctd i)y aiiy 5iiidii;il under Iins SCC-

13 tioi until the i(ndivi(dlial las -iv't'i the Commission not less
14 thaii thirty d(:iys' notice of an intent to file such action. Such

15 notice shall be filed within one hundred nd ald eiotv days after

16 the alleged unlawful practice occurred. Upoi receiving a no-

17 tice of intent to se, the Coimmision sl:ll promptly notify

18 all personn, imuied thlierei as prospective defendants in the

19 actioIln and take any appropriate action to a.,Ssur the i(lilina-

20 tion of any uilawful practice.
]it :1 ve
Ll (e) i ot lmii (,-ontainetd in tlls, se,('tion i ,.l sal) l relieve any

22 Governimiient agency or official of the rspomnsihility to assure

2 nonirdi-crimiatimil (In acc(int of in in emploNmeit as re-

24 quired wider a-y provision of Federal law."





21

17
1 EXEMPTION REVIEW
2 SEC. 12. The Secretary of Labor is hereby instructed to
3 commence immediately a comprehensive review of the ex-
4 eruptions under section 13 of the Fair Labor Standards Act
5 of 1938 and submit to the Congress not later than three years
6 after the date of enactment of this Act a report containing:
7 (1) an analysis of the reasons why each exemption was
8 established; (2) an evaluation of the need for each exemp-
9 tion in light of current economic conditions, including an
10 analysis of the economic impact its removal would have on
11 the affected industry; and (3) recommendations with regard
12 to whether each exemption should be continued, removed, or
13 modified.
14 TECHNICAL AMENDMrENTS
15 SEC. 1-3. (a) Section 6(c) (2) (C) of the Fair Labor
16 Standards Act of 1938 is amended by substituting "1973"
17 for "1966".

18 (b) (1) Section 6(c) (3) of such Act is repealed.
19 (2) Section 6(c) (4) of such Act is redcsignated as
20 6(c) (3).
21 (c) (1) Section 7 (a) (1) of such Act is redesignated as
22 7(a).
23 (2) Section 7 (a) (2) of such Act is repealed.
24 (d) Section 14 (c) of such Act is repealed and section
25 14 (d) is redesignated as 14 (c).





22


18
1 (c) Suction 18(I) i ame bded strikii ng out sectio,
2 (b) ", a d ia nsriiii: in liEu tldiercf ".',cli i i G ( a) (0)", aind
3 y striking out "''(t ion 7(a) (1)" and inui.rting in lieu
4 licrcof "scrt1ion 7 (a)"
5 EFII'E(TI' F'V] DATE
6 S;c. 14. "Exc('pt n:s otirwi,'rie prov id d in tlis Act, theli
7 a eneiidimniiits made 1by this Act sliill take effect sixty days
8 after niiactmeit. On nd after tlhe dte of unactmient of this
9 Act, the SeCretary is authliorizcd to promiulgate necessary
10 ri1e recgulitions, or orders with regard to the amendments
11 inade by tlhis Act.





23

[From the Congressional Record-H(oU e;P, May 21, 1973]
Under clause 4 of rule XXII, public bills and resolutions were intro-
duced and severally referred as follows:


isi )LNs1u


h 7935too
no 4^


O F IEPI ESENTATI" S


MATY 21, 1)73
-1r. IDENT (for li)tI,- l F. 11r. PI.r IN-S, ;ld M r. Ii i:i( ) il roIducetl tlhe fol-
Jov.ini"1 bill: \v Iii'li w:is r fo lvrcd to lie (' i=mnIijtcLc owI E'dn ti'oti li1i Ia Lio)r


A


SLL


To ;mcnd(l the F:ir Lil(r ,Si.lmdanls Act oi (4 to icrse ilie
ltlltinll !, sa' c rl ltes 1lnder 111,1i Act' t) cx,;illid t c (c(vc',l)1o
ol tliat Act. and fori other l)urp(s.s.

1 Be it c.)aclted by the Srnatc od IIotise of ieprccscntf-

2 tires of thle UnitL d States of America ,in Con yrcss assemble(d,

3 SIHORTl' TITLE; REFERENCES TO ACT


,.SECT ToN,,


1. (a) Tihis Act 1n8yv b)e cited as the "Fair


5 Labor Sitiz(Ldids Amc iidnu-iits of


1 (I -.. 7
j 1 '*


6 (I) Whenever in titles 1, II. and III of this Act n1

7 anieidfient o r repeajil i5 expressed& iln teCrs of 81 a amedlme t

8 to, 01or rcp al of, a osetion or oler i s, t . s 'cclion ()I.

9 otlier l'r()vision amended (or repealed is a sl i)on or o( oiier


IN Tl1E 1 U 1hSE





24

,)

1 pvlt o -ilj of tli' Fair LabIL Sta. dtaIrds A t of i9., (29.

2 UY.S.. 21-219).
". U.,c .( W

3 TITLE I-IN('ICE\ASES IN MINIIMU'M \W'A(.E

4 B AT'I'i'S

5 IN( i'.\s -. IN MINI IIM \\A.(E I.ATE 1 Fll EM PD )YE:I.:S

6 COVEREDD BE.'OE 196Af

7 SU. 101. Section 6 (a) (1) (29 U.S.C. 206 (a) (1)) i.

8 ainelideld to read ias follows

9 "(1) not le.,s ilina 82 an hour during the period

10 hiding Jmune 30, 1974, and not les, Tlhan S2.20 an hour

11 fterl Junie 30, 1974, ex('pt( as ,tllherwise provided ill flis

12 section;".

13 IN("IEASI, IN MINIMUM WAGCE 1ATE FOI, NONAGPII1,1-
14
TI' *AL EMPIAOYEES C'OVETE.) IN 1966 ANI) 1 973
I
15
5E('. 102. Sec'ion 6 (b) (29 U.S.C. 2u(,)) is

16 amended (1) by striking out "Every cmpltiyer" and insert-
17
Hig" il lieu thereo',f "(1) Except as provided in paragnraph
r"10
18 (2), every employer", (2) by striking out (other than an
19
19 employee(' to wlo1i sulbction (a) (5) applies)", (3) by in-

20
serting "-or thei Fair Lablor Standards Ane(ndenut'I. of 197"".
21
2 after "96)h", and (4) bIy striking out paragraplvs (I)
22
(!rHou.'l (15) and iwsertiiig in lien thereof the following:
23
23 (A ) no! le, l tha I all an hour duiriiig tlhe period

24 idi J 3, 1974,
sending' Jmne 30, 1974,





25


0
f)

I "(B) not less than $2 ami hour d&ri0g te yeIr

2 beginningiii July 1, 1974, and

3 "(C) not less than $2.20 an hour after June 30,

4 1975.

5 (2) Tilis subsection does not apply to-

6 (A) any employee to whom subsection (a) (5)

7 applies,

8 (B) any employee who was brought within the

9 purview of this section by the amendments to section 1-8

10 made by the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of

11 1966, and

12 "(C) any Federal employee employed in con-

13 section with the operation of a hospital, institution, or
14 schopIl described in section 3 (r) (1)

15 Subsection (a) (1) applies to the employees described in
16 subparagraphs (B) and (C)."

17 INCRI'sASE IN MINIMUM WAGE RATE FOR AGRICULTURAL

18 EMPLOYEES

19 SEC. 103. Section 6 (a) (5) (29 U.S.C. 206 (a) (5) ) is

20 amend to read as follows:
21 "(5) if such employee is employed in agriculture.

22 nof)t less than-

23) "(A) $1.60 an hour during' tlhe period (leiidiig

24 June 30, 1974;





26i


4
1 (l) ..1A 'a hiit ir tiiltg fi (';ir b.ginlling
2 Jutly 1, 1974;

3 (C) 62 iln ],olr (luringllr tlhe 'e( 'r lt'gilllillg
4 July I, 19775, 1I(1

5 "(I) $22 ) anl houllr aft er Jule .0, 197G."'

6 (,O'VI:INHENT, IMO7,L, MOTEL, ]I.:Si'Al'1i.\NT, 1'O)() Si.I'V-

7 ICE, ANI) CON GLOMEPI.'ATi EMIIPLOYE:I"S IN PUKITO RICO)
8 AND TIL: VIJ(IN ISLANDS

9 Si:c. 104. Section 5 (29 U.S.C. 205) is a iicudvned by

10 addio-g at the end thliercif thel following new sulscctioin:

11 "() The provisiouns of this e10ction, section 6 (c), and

12 section 8 sliall not apply with '.spct to thle mnilluln wage

13 rate of amy employee employed in Puerto Rico or the Virgini

14 -1ands (1) by the tilted States or by the government of the
15 Virgin Islands, (2) by an establishiment which is a hotel,

16 motel, or re-taurant, (3) by any other retail or service

17 establislheicnt which employs slich employee primarily in
18 connection with thle prepalrattion or offnrinig of food or bcv-

19 ,r.igeC for hliuman coimsunimption, either on tlhe p)reIlises, or

20 by such services s ( caterig, ba6inquet, box lunch, or curb or

21 counter scrvic', to the public, to eml)hyecs, or' to meCmbers or

22 ietcIs of 1menll)bers of clhi', or (4) lby an cstlablilimn(iit de-
no !. (I( )l
2. ,,('n(cd i seticl1(:1 I )" Tlue minimum wage rate of stch
24 an emplh)yec slhall be determined uider this Act in tlc sane

",_ mnner as thle minimum w ri r ate for ('utploy(,. emiployed in








5
1 a State of the United States is determined under this Act. As
2 used in the preceding sentence, the term 'State' does not in-
3 elude a territory or possession of the United States."
4 INCREASES IN MINIMUM WAGE RATES FOR OTHER EM-
5 PLOYEES IN PUERTO RICO AND TIHE VIRGIN ISLANDS

6 SEc. 105. (a) Effective on the date of the enactment of
7 the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1973, subsection

8 (c) of section 6 is amended by striking out paragraphs (2),
9 (3), and (4) and inserting in lieu thereof the following:

10 (2) (A) In the case of any such employee who is cov-
11 ered by such a wage order and to whom the rate or rates

12 prescribed by subsection (a) (1) would otherwise apply, the
13 following rates shall apply (unless superseded by a wage
14 order issued under p])agraph (6) and except as otherwise
/
15 provided by paragraph (8) : )-
1 (i) Effective as prescribed in subparagraph (B),
17 the employee's base rate, increased by 25 per centuii'.

18 (ii) Elct'live o1 l year after the appl)icable efi-
19 ive\c date of the increase prescribed by clause (i), not le.s
20 than the highest rate applicable to the employee on the

21 day before the effective date of the increase prescribed By
22 this clause, increased by an amount equal to 12.5 pet
23 centum of the employee's base rate.
24 "(B) T'lle effective date of the increase prescribed by-

25 s!b1)l'air:g!r (A) (i) slall b)e tlhe sixtieth d(ay following the-








6
1 cffcclivt' date of the Fair Labollr Staiidards A amendments of
*2 197; ( oeic year from the effectivee dale of the most recent.
3 wVage ordlOver apflic'llle to the employee which the Secretary
4 i-Z-ted before the effective date of the Fair Labor Standards
5 Amendments of 1973 pursuaint to the recommendations of a
6 special industry commit ee appointed under section 5, which-

7 ever is later.
8 "(C) For purposes of this subsection, the term 'base
9 rate' means the rate applicable to an employee under the
10 most recent wage order issued by the Secretary before the
11 effective date of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of
12 1978 pursuant to the recommendations of a special industry
13 committee appointed pursuant to section 5.

14 "(3) (A) In the caise of any employee employed in
15 agriculture who is covered by a wage order issued by the
16 Secretary pursuant to the reconmiendations of a special ii-
17 dustry committee appointed pursuiant to sctlioll 5 and to
18 whomi the Iate 01or rates prescrilcd by stbseti on (a) (5)

19 Would otlhcrwvis apply, the follovwinig rates sl;ill apply (1-
20 c:., Sticir'>cded by a wage order is.stled lender pIrigraph (6)
21 and except as otherwise provided inl siibpangrnagiph (B) or
22j paragraph (8)) :
23 "(i) Et'ective as prescribed inl subplaragralh (C)
24 the employee's blie rite, iimc''std by 15.4 per 'centu1.
25 (ii) Effective one year after the appllic-able effec-





29



1 tive date of the ilcIrease prescribed 1 ;y ca111 c (i) not
2 less thian thile highest rate aIpplicaJle to tile employee
3 on the dav before the Ie4lecive date of flie increase
4 prescribed by this clause, increased by" ;l anouiit equal

5 to 15.4 per centim of the employee's base rate.
6 "(iii) Effective one year after tlie a)pplieable effec-

7 tive date of the increase prescribed by clause (ii), not
8 less than the highest rate applica.be to thle empl)loyee onil

9 the day before the effective date of tlhe increase prc-
10 scribed )by this clause, increased by an amollunt equal
11 to 15.4 per centum of lie eof)loye,' se rate.b(
12 "(13) Notwithstaudinig subpalragraph (A) of this para-

13 graph, in the case of any employee employed in agriculture
14 who is 'covered by a wage order issued by tlhe SecretarY

15 pursuanlt to tlhe rec(miliedatiots o(I aI special industry co(m-
16 inittee appointed p)uiIrs iat to sectioi 5, 1to wvioml thle Irate or
17 rates prescribed by subsecli oi. (a) (5) would otlhertwise

18 Olpply, iid whose Iou'rly wage is increased above Ilie wage
19 rate prescribed by such wa oe order bv a subsidy ( or in comie
20 slilipplelmenlt) paid. i NI whole or il pajrt. by tli(e g'over\tluiet
21 of P)uerto i(o, tlie 'o l wing rates shall apply (except as

22 otherwise provided iln ilhis subparagrapl and in paragraph
23 (8));
24 "(i) Effective, as presribed in sul paragraph (()-
25 the emitployee's base rate, increased by ([) tlhe amou(mtt





30


8
I by \Iiicli tlc ('lii\l tt C's Ii FIrly \\t:,ie lmt ie is ii I 'n .iscl.
'2 abili.v\eC lhis |i','"c rile l)\ I]IC -.iil1idy (,r il oili ,iri i le-
Sii il),. aIlid (11) 1,7.-1 pwi c" ciililli ou i .1v ilii tf i
4 cilllojIycc's kit.i r.ite aiid tile n uiii trI efl ref d ti' ill Si Siub-
5 tlm'- (1).
6 (ii) Eliective olli vealr :Ifter tile applicible IfTec-
7 tive datLi of the iiic.!',;ice lrce.crilJicd by ciaiuse (i), not
S less i i;Il li the lbi2lis l ; itc appliuc.,ble to the ('iplb)yeeC oi

9 tlie day before tile effective date of ilt' incitrease prescribed
10 by this c1;>use, increased by an anminuit equal to 15.4 per
11 cent ill of the sim (f t employee's ba'e ite 'id the
12 annioiiit referred to ill sui(,ll t.sec (I) of .lluse (i).
13 (iii) EfTective one year after the applicable effec-

14 tive date of the increase prescribed by clause (ii), not
15 less than the highest rate applicable to the employee on

16 the day before the effective date of the increase pre-
17 scribed by this clause, increased by an amount equal to

s18 15.4 per centum of the sum of the employee's base rate
19 and the amomiit referred to in subclause (I) of clause

20 (i).
21 Notwithstanding clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of this subpara-

2.2 graph, the minimum wn ile rate for any employee described
23 in tiis subparagraph shall not be increased under such clause
21 (i), (ii) or (iii) to a rate which exceeds the minimrnum
2.) Wr.-e rafe in effect. uider subserliin (a) (5).






31


9

1 (C) 'Ihe effective date olf tiCe1 increase prescribedd by

2 subparu'raplis (A,) (i) ;iid (lB) (i) slaill )e wle sixtieth (lay

Sfollowing l Ihe elective dale f t!ie h air Lan i r SIanIdards

_4 Ameldmlents of 1978) or O ( year fromni the ef-tlvelc date of

5 thie lost recent wag' order a-pplicable t) the employee wlich

(6 thle Serc'itary issued eor(e il(, eft' (Tive (dialte of the Fair Labor

7 Standards Amendments of 1973 p)ursuanti to thle recotinmenda-

8 tions of a special industry committee al)pointed mider section

9 5, whichever is later.

10 (4) (A) Except as provided in section 5 (e), in tlhe
11 case of any employee who) is covered by a wage order issued

12 by the Secretary pursiuamt to the rnc(imiendalions of a spe-
I- cial industry committee al)pointed puirstinat to sections 5 and
14 to whom this section was made al)pli(cable by tlhe amendments

15) made to tils Act by thle tair Laibor) Sthiand(lards AmendmentsIS

;1i of 19G6, the following rates sliall apply (unless superseded

17 by a \wage order issued uider paragraph ((C) and except as

.-, otherwise )provided by paraglrapl (8)) :

19 (i) Effective as p)rescribed in subpimranraph (B),

,_0 the emp)loyee's base rate, inci-eased by 12.5 pe1r centum.

21 (ii) Effective one year after tlhe applicable efTec-
:rl tive darte of lthe increase prescriibed by clause (i), )not less

_" thay b tioe l6iest rate applt' ica d e to (the enlploee on tlIhe

>} I day before the effective date of the inrea se pres;riled by


32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 76 i





32


10
I tllis clalseC, inhrTeascd by aull mollmit cqIiald to 12.5 per
2 ccituiti ( thle c iploovcc's l] ;t, nite.
3 "' (iii) Efcctivc one yeair after ile .il'ctivc date of
4 tile irc'..c prccrild by clause (ii), tnut less than the

5 highest rate applic'ble to the employee on the day before
6 the ci.ective date of the increase prescribed by this
7 claise, increased by an amount equal to 12.5 per centiun
8 of the employee's base rate.

9 "(B) The effective date of the increase prescribed by
10 subparagraph (A) (i) shall be the sixtieth day following the

11 effective date of the Fair Labor Standards Amendments of
12 1973 or one year from the effective date of the most recent

13 wage order applicable to bthe employee which the Secretary
11 issued before the effective date of the Fair Labor Standards

15 Ameindments of 1973 pursuant to the recommendations of a
16 special industry committee appointed under section 5, which-

17 ever is later.
18 (5) 1Except as provided inii section 5(e), in tie, case

19 of iny employee employed in Puerto Ri.o or tilie Vir1gi0
20 Isl*'1;ltd' to wvIml this vctiolk W8s inhde appldictallc by, the

21 ami(ndments made to this Act by the Fair L:libor StaIndards

'-22 Amendi die.nts of 1 973, tlie S"ecltch.ay sll, s soon as prc-
23 jii:le after tle (lt( of enict im-ieut of 11 l Fair Libor Staind-

24 rs.* Amendments of 1973, 81ppoin(tf :I Sp1ci(. i indv r ii-

25 inittc( ii acco(rdanice willi :tclioi 5 to recd)iicnd tlien Iivl






33


11
1 minimum wage rate or rat es, in accordance with the stand-

-2 irds prescribed hy secti on S, to ,e applicablc to such ei iployce
i i lieu of thee la () Of raites prescribed b)YV siibsection (b ). Tlhe

4 rates or rates recommended Jv thec special industry committee

5 shall be effective with respect to suTch employee upon the

6 effective date of the wage order issued pursuant to sulch rec-
7 ommelCidation, but not before sixty days after tlhe effective

8 date of the Fair Labor Standards Aniendmnenls of 1973.

9 (6) (A) Any employer, or group of employers, em-
10 plowing a majority of the emIployees inl an industry in Puerto

1 Rico or the Virgin Island, for whom wage rate increases are
12 prescribed by paragraph (2), (3) (A), or (4) may apply

13 to time Secretary in writing for the appointnmeiit of a special

14 industry committee to recommend the minimum wage rate or
I
15 rates to be paid such employees in lieu of tlhe rate or rates
16 prescribed by paragraph (2), (3) (A), or (4), whichever

17 is applicable. Any such application sliall be filed-

18 "(i) in tlhe 'ase of thie first of su(ch increases, not

19 less than thirty days followinl"I the date of eliactmnelit of
20 thie Fair Labor Stafidrds Ameiidmvients of 197", and
21 (ii) in tle iase of ea('ch succeedii g increase, not

22 1ote th'an one Ihudlldred a(1d twdventy da.\ a:d not less

23 lan sixtly days prior to iliw ( e'eciive date of such

24
24 i Icirease.
5" ( (B) l1ue Secret'i yV sliall 1promlptly conshiider any alJpli-








12
1 ('11il6,, d1 i ly h i l'. und( r l ." ,, ir ,,niphi (A ) of (hi" pi r;ig .,

J lfor appluiiil i oil of ;a splitil industry 'onin itii ', ;iic(l an id :y
o illpp(ilt 0-(11 a sp rial il dii r. ry emi il UL if lI h haIs J''ia-
c1 a wll II i lic('li'vc, <' i the liiais (of liU:,'ilc 1 liiul oalier

7 ilil w' litioll t', liiilied ill I(1 ;ithie o';ili(ii, tliit (.()iii])i li(-c ,
( willi -my ipptlicaiilt' "i( or ( ml11 (s lIp( r( til'ld ly p.a'iig't il
7 (2) ( ) (), (4) ;. tli'( cQKe ii, V In1, will siiibstaiiiially
8 (cii aiil employment in the iliiistry w vith r,,pcl to which tihe

0 alpplication was fild('(1. The Sci-retalry's decision upol ii lly
10 .siidi aipplHio slill all be finial. In appoilitilig spc.)i;. il ii-
11 dinvf'y coiniiifttlce p)lrslini8f to tilis pi:inigrali le Sevi.-i'tlry
12 slill, to the 'xlicnt l)(pssilc, appoint person who were uieni-
1 bikers o(if the specli;il iiindU'sty (.omlnllitI!c most i1'i1,1il3 ('mil-
14 c'iL niiide'p section" 8 for sluchi i iliiul lstl. Aiy wi'1' (ordIr
1' :ii(,(l sl ] silHis t. Itii to tle r lcomliendi i on ii S of I spi'ciil iiildiilstry

16 Ciiiti .iiitc ppoiinted lundi(e(r lliiq )imigl;i)iph shiall lke (,tTM'(t
17 on (i lift .Ippli jl(l' ,tTc.iv', (ld t provided ill pio 'igraiph (2)

1 (2)), or (4) as ill(' (.i.n ai;iy Itb Tf n w ig't ordil'r 11is it
! 9 beet'i issi i('(l llirs lian t t t liCe rico m l tlll id.ii iion of 1 sp''ciali ill-
2) (iilstr" (wtoiiiiil(ic |poii t id i:tiis pii'dti'ipu r this h prior to Tlli'

21 ippli(c.ll, ,flctivc d(aite ll1d(r 1 ltv ;.a ;iphi (2) (3) or (I),

22 e pli d ,ip clhe i'ritagec;' inliri-' iirovi(i'd It\ lylli:niniAl
2. (2), (:), mr (4) A.nill tilke cfAM, ("I tile i.il.v.T d1ie,
24 pri'icrihcd tlireit. except wilti ',sill to tAi, (ulo)y'(" '*f
25 ;mi i'iiplov \\'1Io tilcd a1;illn pli (itlioln ir :ilinliti"lliiSi Il u'r








I
1,)

1 this par;grp)lI )f s peci;l itilduistry committee ad \who() files

2 witli th e S verrey'rv 8i l uidcrlakhig- withi a suiretv ()or sureties

; sal isfact or)y o (the Secretary for pIm)yment(1 to his employees

4 o)f ,, a ,tjiit ,uliciei(() to (comlpIensate su.lch cip,)oyes for i(lie

5 difference between the wages they actUally receive anid (lthe

6 wages to winch they aire entitled under this subsection. The

7 Secretary shall be empowered to enforce such tiudert akiug

8 aIInd any sums recovered by him shall be held in a special

9 deposit account and shall be paid, on order of the Secretary,

10 directly to tlhe emln])loyee or employees affected. A.ny such

11 sum not paid to an employee because of inability to do so

.. within a period of three years shall be covered into tlhe

13 Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

14 (C) The provisions of section 5 and section 8, relat-

1 ) ing to special industry committees, shall be applicable to

!l> special industry committees appointed under this paragraph.

'i The appointment of a special industry committee under this
lS paragraphs shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any

19 special industry committee re(luired to be convened putrsuiant
"() to section 8 (a), except that no special industry committee
21 colveield utider Ihat -e(-Iiou shall Io(Id ay hli;ariii wvithiin

22 one year after a minimuniiiiii wage rate or rates for such indus-

2 try shall have been recommended to the Secretary, by a

I. special induLstry committee appointed utder this !)aragraph,





:36


14
1 to lI1 1,1 id inl liHi of Ite :ie <,t r4 iht> ,r iil,, by It 'niigraplI
2 (2), ( A) (A),(ar (4), .asilii vr.i i, .
"(7) Tliu minimum wage i.itc or rat, nribd by
4 this silhscclotn shall l i ( il Icuf! only for so) I,, ;is aind
5 OiNiifdi" ;I, Slitli lilliilllll \Va; rate or r( tts li;4,v Hot liein
6 sHIpr-t(lc'd by I V wage urder fixing i lii lier iiiiuiiim l wage
7 rtile or rites (buL not ino c(cf. ,t the )pplicitluic rate pic-
8 scrilcd in sulibseclion (a) or (,) ) liTrc.ift (T ii:ed by tlihe
9 SeLTcitaiy )rsu111iit to the recoinieMlltion of a special il-
10 dustiy committee appointed under section 5.
11 (8) Notwitlisandinig any other provision of this sub-
12 section, the wage rate of any employee in Puerto Rico or
13 the Virginm IsIlids which is subject to increase under para-

11 graph (2), (3), (4), or (5) of this subsection shall, on
15 and after the effective date of the first wage increase under
16 the pa;ragraph which applies to the employee's wage rate,
17 lhe not less than 60 per centum of thle wage rate that (but
18 for this subsection) would lie applicable to such employee
19 under subsecltion (a) or (b) of tlhis section."

20 (b) (1) The last sentence of section 8 (b) (29 U.S.C.
21 208 (b) ) is amientded by slrilkin out the period at the end
22 tilrtof and"inierting in lieu Ilhereof a .CniicOlon and the fol-
3 ownii'" "'except Ilma lld c otui!Ji!lcc -!ill I''C iuiiiitd lt the
22[ Slcrtclarly tlie mIlmilnIiIim w;ig ate pirescrilbed in secIion 6 (a)
25 or (b)), which would be applic,.ble bait for section 6(c),








15
1 unless there is substantial documentary evidence, including
2 pertinent ltiiabridged profit and loss statements and balance

3 sheets for a representative period of years, in the record
4 which establishes that the industry, or a predominant portion
5 thereof, is unable to pay that wage."
6 (2) The third sentence of section 10 (a) (29 U.S.C.
7 210 (a) ) is amended by inserting after "modify" the fol-
8 lowing: "(including provision for the payment of an appro-

9 private ininimnium wage rate) ".
10 TITLE I-EXTEN S ON COVERAGE;
11 REVISION OF EXEMPTIONS
12 FEDERAL AND STATE EMPLOYEES
113 SEC. 20t. () (1) Subs-ection (d) of section 3 (29

14 U.S.C. 203) is amended to re;id as follows:
5) (d) 'Emnployer' includes any person acting directly or

16 indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an em-

17 ployee and includes tlhe United States or any State or political l
18 subdivision of a State, b)ut does not include any labor orga-
1!) niizati1 (olhir lthan when acting as an employer) or anyone
20 acting in thle (capacity. of officer or agenlt of suchll labor

21 or,,ai,, zationi."
22 (2) Subsection (r) of section is amended inserting
23: "or" at Ilie (,o d of ,arangriiplii (2) and by insert ing" after
_ that paragraph tIle fllowilg lew pra.,l"I)ihl
..' "(3) i 0n conlec ioit wili tlie activities of tihe Gov-





3S


I G;
1C
I erliinent o I~,(f ( I lnilc d Sile,.- or 1f ; y Sai;" ,l v (w l ilic.il
2 idivis(I ofa S'-talte,".
il II (-II
3 (:) SulM:ct.ioi (s) of .cto t,., is amendcei-
4 (A) by striki,. ult "*or" at the end of jparragrph

5 (3),
6 (B) by striking out the period at tlihe (enlid (of para-
7 T'raph (4) atnd iinscrtiig in licu thereof "; or", and

8 (C) by adding after i)rngrapli (4) tlhe following
9 new piarnagraph:

10 (5) is an atctivity of the Governmuent of tlhe United
11 States or of any State or political subdivision of a
12 State.".

13 (b) Scution 13 (b) (219 U.S.(. 21:1 (1)) is w',,ded

14 by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (19)
15 and inserting in lieu thereof ": or" and by adding after that
16 palragraph the following:

17 (20) any employee of a State or political sub-
18 divi-ion of a State engaged in fire protection or law

19 clnforcement activities; or

20 "(21) ainy Federal ciployce oilier tham a 'Fedcr;i
21 ellplo]"e who \i wasbrouIlt within thlie pllrview of setioi!

22 7 bv tle aieIndmenlts 1ade lby tile Fair L.TAi,,r San1d-
21: ards A. ielidments of 1966.".

2 1 (c) Sub)ectio, (1,) of section, IS (29 IT.S.(. 21-)
2"- is aje zidd to read as follows:





39


17
"((b) Notwithstanidiig an1y otlicr provision of t(lis Act

2 otherr t0,han section 1: (f) ) or ally other law', any ilemployee
3 m11,phloyed in a Federal llI oniappopriaitcd fund ii stri1uwital-
4 ity shall have his basic pay fixed or adjusted at aill holly

5 wage rate which is Lnot less than the irate in e'ifect i(nder
6 section G6 (a) (1) and shall have his overtime pay fixed or
7 adjusted at anit hourly wage rate which is not less than the
8 rate prescribed by section 7 (a)."

9 TRANSIT EMPLOYEES

10 SEC. 202. (a) Paragraph (7) of section 13 (b) (29
11 U.S.C. 213 (b) ) is amended by inserting immediately before
12 the semicolon the following: "and if such employee receives

1:) compensation for employment inll excess of forty-eight hotutrs
14 in any workweek at a rate not less tHan onile a;d one-hlialf

i1 tiles thle regular rate at which lie is employedd.
16 (b) Effective one year after the elfc'tive date of thle Fair

1 Labor Standards Amnendmienlts of 1973, such lpragraph is

IS amelii(lded by striking out "forty-eilit liour s and insertino in
1) lieu t1hereof "forty-four hours".
0 (c) Elective two years after tile efi('ctive (date of such

Sli amendiniens, suich mparagraph is aende ltId by striking( out
22 'fortv-fou lr hours a`dl d Ser'ti" iln ieii ie l' thereof "fortv-fwo

2:) hours".
21 (d) Section 7 (29 1.S.C. 207) is amicided by a .ddin

Sat the end thereof tlhe followving new sibsectcion





40


18
1 (k) II ( I1 I c; Of AI lI'llIjlo)Ioy e 0f aii ciIiploy, er t' gligcd

2 ill tl Jll-iMIl (If ,..':tiiig a storrt, Or li -inr I Lr iili rb:i
3 clctric rrAilw\y, or' 0o' trolley or llmoorlbus cirrer whose
4 raLtt' and servic-s -irc subject to egIulationI by a State or local

5 a,, liC(y, in deteriinilig t(i l ioeu1s of :JploymllcIlt of Siicli all
6 employee to wliiCli the rite 'el)Cr.il,(,d by suIbsection (a)
7 applies there shiall b)e exl lidcd tlie hours such cinployee was

8 emplo)ved in cliarter avtivitics by sueli employer if (1) the

9 employee's ,employnient in such activities wais pursuant to an
10 agreement or understanding with his employer arrived at

11 before eng ging in sucli employment, and (2) employment
12 in such activities is not part of sucli employee's regular

13 employIIIent."
14 NURSING( HOME EMIPTLOYEE!.S
15 SiEC. 203. (a) Paragraph (8) of section 13 (b) is

16 amended by striking out "any employee who (A) is em-
17 played by an establishment which is an institution (other

18 than a hospital) primarily engaged in the care of tlhe sick,

19 thlie aued, or the mentally ill or defective who reside on the
20 prcmi,.i(s" and the remainder of that paragraph.

21 (1b) Section 7 (j) (29 U.S.C. 207 (j)) is amended by
22 i.iser'tig after "a hospital" the following: "or an establish-
": ment which is "n instilution (otlier than a hospital) pri-
24 i n rilv C,,..fltd in file c:,'(, of the sick, the aged, or the
25 nmentally ill or defective whio re-ide on the premises".








19

1 SEASONAL INDUSTRY EMPLOYEES

2 SEC. 204. (a) Sections 7 (c) and 7(d) are each

3 amended-

4 (1) by striking out "ten workweeks" and insert-

5 ing in lieu thereof "seven workweeks",

6 (2) by striking out "fourteen workweeks" and in-
7 sorting in lieu thereof "ten workweeks", and

8 (3) by striking out "ten hours" and inserting in lieu
9 thereof "nine hours".

10 (b) Section 7 (c) is amended by striking out "fifty
11 hours" and inserting in lieu thereof "forty-eight hours".
12 (c) Effective one year after the effective date of the

1:; Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1973, sections 7 (c)

14 and 7 (d) ,are each amended-
35 (1) by striking outit "seven workweeks" and insert-

iG iigr in lieu thereof "five workweeks", and

17 (2) by striking out "ten workweeks" anid insertilig
1 int lieu thereof "seven worweeks".

.!9 (d) E]I'ctlive two yea'is fter thlie effective dale of suill

2 a0 iienitdimienits. sections 7 (c) aiid 7 (d) irc repealed.
'21 Dl)(. I'STI(C SERVICE E 110PLOY I1E:1S lM- 1)LYED) IN
9.) 1101 SEI IOLID)S

..> E 1'. (n) The Col.)n-re s fil(1s (li,1) (lie (.11ploymlenlt

2 of )ers)in in domeIs(I tic(' scv'c' il o11ols (holdI directly ;(ly'o',s

*.5.) commcI',".. lecaisete t l)Iovisioni of doiestici services afl'fects





42


20
I tI ile 1em plo, ilcilt o01l11i rt unitic.s of Ilicmiln 'r.- (of IIi l'i.-' mlolds a;n l

2 their pv d .-i' ...' acltivi -. Thne minillm L Vsl \11,11 W ll ll 41,'ov rimell
3 ,it'tlc~ion ( tif t "li" l* Li;ISt dald, A. 1 4 lhave be nvi availa!lv it) stuld lu r-,ols s'41-c its (v m'lactll(lt. It is

5 iliC plIupos of thl le aicudliiiiits mladet b)' Siih1criiii (hb) of
6 this -'C(lioli to as-iir tlhaIt IiI li. f5s,1S will hce OIfl dI(ld su.li
7 protection.
8 (b) (1) S1ction G is ainciidd by addii,,g after sl.s.tctiOi,

9 (e) the following new subsection:
10 (f) Any employee -who in any workwek- is eniploycd
11 in dom-ie -ic serviiec in a houIsehold sliall lie pIid wages it

1*2' a rate not less thaii lthe wage rate in effect tinlderi section
1:16 (b) iiueis stuci employees tomipenisatioii for suchi service

14 would not because of section 209 (g) of the Social Security

15 Act constilute wagese' for purposes of title 1I of .-\ch Act."
16 (2) Section 7 is amended by adding after the subsction

17 added by section 202 (d) of this Act thle following new

18 subsection:
19 "(I) S1uli-ctioni (a) shall apply xvillth respect to alny

20) e.,lov" who iin anlv workweek is (employed ill doetic, i't
21 service iit a household u ilc.s such eildoyee's cos'pensaitioii

22 for snuch service wvoild tot because of section 209 (g) of tlie
2:' S oci;il Secuirity Act c ,on stitute 'wages' for pulrlpo-es of title II
24 of such Act."

25 (3) Sction 13 (at) is amiciuded 1y striking out the period





43


21
1 at thje end of paragrapli (14) and iisertinog "; or0", ;nd by

2 addiijg' al ilbe nld 4f such section thte follhwiiig:
'"(15) auvy ciiployvee NW-o is elnilo)V\cd in d(lm!,slic

4 service 8in a liis(lold nlid wlo resides in suc-I liomue-

5 hold; or"
6 EMPLOYMENT OF STPlTINTS

7 SEC. 206. (n) Section 14 (29 U.S.C. 214) is nmended

8 by striking out subsections (b) and (c) and insertitg in lieu

9 thereof thle following:

10 (b) (1) Tlice Secretary, to tlie extent neC(,ssnry in

11 order to prevent. (urlntaillinienf of olj)Iortililicis fori eimploy-

21 ment, shall b)y special certifiaente issued under n relation or

1;1 order provide for the employment, at a vwadge rite not less

14 thlian 85 per centum of (lie otherwise npj)plicable wag'e rate

15 in effect under section 6 or not less tlhn $ 1.60) an liotr,

16 wliieliever is tlic li lier (or in tlie canse of eliiploliielIt inll

17 -Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islanids liol desc'ribed ini section

is 5 (e), at a w 'age rate lnot less tli1an 85 per (eilln in of lie

19 otherwise appl icalde wage rate in (T11 -c 1 nilder section G (c))

20 of full-time stuldelits ( (ega lless of a'e 1but in coimpliaince

21 with applicable child lalomr laws) ili nvy occuipationi otlier

22 than-
2;* (A) occupiatios iii miniimi-
2:- -,
,4 "(B1) oclcupations ili 1la1/ilifict01iirlli.,

2,.5 0 (C (i) occ ill])a lis ill \V;isl idiisii, ia d sltl; .





44


22
S" (D) ( riip.itions ill (*(itru41ction,

2 (E) litc o uc'lip.itioll f 1,iiig.lioi'cii:i1i.
3 (F) ,ccul p ti inis in or about plaids or establish-

4 IllenLts lil.,ifactnring or storing explosives or articles
5 clililinl1ng explo sive coinpl)onents,

6 (G) the or-ciipation of a motor vehicle driver or

7 out side helper,

8 "(II) logging occupations and occupations in the
9 oper-tioin of any sawmill, lathinill, single mill, or

10 cooperage stock mill,
11 "(I) occupations involved in the operation of

12 power-driven woodworking machines,

13 "(J) occupations involving exposure to radioactive
14 substances and ionizing radiation,

15 "(K) occupations involved in the operation of
16 power-driven hoisting appa rai t us,

17 "(L) occupattions involved in the operation of
ig power-driven metal forming, punching, aiid shearing

19 maclines.
20 "(M) occupations involving slaughtering, meat-

21 packing or processing, or rendering,
9) "(N) occupations involved in the operation of

2:3 b4,11kcry machines,
.4 "(0) occupations involved in the operation of

2. paper' prodils in:inehines,





45


23
1 (P) occupations involved in the manufacture of
2 brick, tile, or kindred products,
8 (Q) occupations involved in the operation of cir-
4 cular saws, band saws, or guillotine shears,
5 (II) occupations involved in wrecking, demolition,
6 or shipbreaking operations,

7 (S) occupations in roofing operations,
8 "(T) occupations in excavation operations, or

9 "(U) any other occupation determined by the Sec-
10 retary to be particularly hazardous for the employment
11 of such students.
12 (2) The Secretary, to the extent necessary in ordcr to

3;1 prevent curtailment of opportunities for employment, shall by
14 special certificate issued under a regulation or order provide

15 for the employment, at a wage rate not less than 85 per
16 centumin of the wage rate in effect under section GC (a) (5) or
17 not less than $1.30 an hour, whichever is tle higher (or in

18 tlhe caeC of employment in Puerto Rico or tle Virg'in Islands
19 not de:4cribed in section 5 (e), at a wage rate lnot less iltail 85
20 per centunt of the wage rate in effect tinder section G (c) (>) )
21 of full-time students (regardless of age but in compliance with

22 applicable child labor laws) i4 any occiiptaioll ill ;gri'titi're
23 oilier thn anl oceupaltionl (,chTlili(ed )v thle Secret':iry t) be

24 particiilarlv hlazarldois fo)r te (el e ployIlil "it of sluch sltldlit.' .
-2 (2) (\) A\ special certified i;i cd ii r a .1ii, rcir





46


24

I (1) ,r (2) i.h11 provide thl;t linw situd,.t l'or wl\iiiii i it
i~s~ed l-iill, except ilrill v; ir; i ..lriI.p II Ill .

: oil aI parl-tiilli !nsis alld not il, cxcc- (if I\v'l v\ liWirs ill

*lly w,\'orkweek.

(B ) If tlIc i- .11.111c ,i f :1 s!iPV .i":l rt( I if;al IIc lur )a1r;I-
4r1l%) i (! ) or" (2) fIr an ciipilo\'r will 1. :I' 1il i iui ,l:cr

of st4e111lts (iliploycd by -1<4li- )IO loycllndr c'(ci.1il cvr-
8 tificntt, issIed under ithis m]iiNL'ctimii to ex.(e.Il four, I lie,

9 Seiet'I ry nifly not i.Ilc Wrl i n p("'i.dil certificate for tll('

10 emplovilyment of a stuldelft li- .iicli enildVir I l.s tlhe Sec-

11 rctnr: finds cnlidploylniet of -iih situdcnt wxvill not .rc;ite a
12 1)1.,(t)i ] p 1> d Iil lity of n'dnciicin Itle f1nll-lini(e niiiloymcile

13 oppolrtuitisc. of persons other tl1in tlise cniioycd nderl.
14 si il certificates issued ilndcr Illis sllosc(tiII. If tli is-

15 sii nce of n special erilifc;.-ie nidcr ,in11 si1ii.ction for an
1 CIployer will not caus tle te i1bcr of students enliplov 'ed 1y

117 siic cmmloVyer Ildcr special ccrtificatc., issued ndc.r tIllis

I8 subc-:etion to exceed fcur, lhe Secrctary rvi;'y issue a SlCi;i!

19 (crtificatC n-dcr tilis sniheiiction for tile cvi|lol yvillnt of a
2)0 stuad(ut 1iv snili (mployCr if sich (eimployer ccrtific, to Olt.

21 Sc.rctary tlhaIt the employmcnit of s11., stIhdeit will not rc-

22 diace tlie foll-time (.i1oymenl1e1I opip)orliiuii(is of persons o1her
:: t>ll; thse employed under s e,+i:! (*iicales issued n1dTl

2-1 tli s !,i(etion."

25 l(h) Se'lio, 1]1 is furthl- er ;,eiidrd \' nbde.v .i..Ot1i;II





47


25
1 s.ubsecthol (d) as sub.sectin (c) anid by adding at lthe end

2 tlhe followilg-g now sul)setio:ll

0 (d) The Secretary3 may by regulation or order provide

4 that sections (G and 7 shall not apply with rc,,j)ect to the

5 employment by any elementary or secondary school of its

6 students if such employment constitutes, as determined under

7 regulations prescribed by the Secretary, an integral part of

8 the regular education program provided by such school."

9 (c) Section 4 (d) (29 U.S.C. 204 (d)) is amended by

10 adding at the end thereof the following new sentence: "Such
11 report shall also include a summary of the special certificates

12 issued under section 14 (b).".

13 LAUNDRY AND) CLEANING ESTABLISIIMENTS TO BE CON-

1.4 SIDE )1D SERVICE ESTAPLISLIMENTS FOR CERTAIN

15 PURPOSES

16 SEC. 207. In the administration of section 7 (i) (re-

17 latimig to commission employees) and 13 (a) (1) (relating to

18 executive and adiniistratix e personnel and outside salesmen)

19 of the Fair Labor Stantdards Act of 1938, establishments

20 engaged in laundering, cleaning, or repairing clothing or

21 fabrics shall be considered service establishments.

22 MAI)S AND CUSTODIAL EMPLOYEES OF HOTELS AND

23 MOTELS

24 SEc. 20,R. Section 13 (1b) (8) is amended by inserting'
25 "l'lr ",emplee" tlie fir'sA lime it appeears tle following, :


32-781 (Vol. 1) 0 76 7





4S


1 (o ( tiecr t[l-(1 ;l vIII Id)Y I it' ,y l tel r (t l tcl Io is cc -
2 Ilo rcd 1, pl'Il' -i u ,i id o1 ,'ustodlil ivi.cCi")
0 I'M 1*.1E)YIE OF C()N(10I '.11A...S
4 SiC. 20a). Suction 13 is aniiendcd by addi1ig at the eid

5 theu-cof the followig:
6 "('() Sibsectlion (a) (other tlIaI pjIragraph (1) there-
7 of) and sii1s(etion (b) otherr than paragraplhs (1), (2),
8 atud (3) thelireof) slil not apply with respect to any em-
9 ploycc employed by an establishfinent (1) which controls, is
10 controlled by, or is under common control with, another
11 establishment the activities of which arc not related for a
12 connmon business purpose to the activities of the establish-
13 meant employing such employee; and (2) whose annual gross
14 volume of sales made or business done, when combined with

15 the annual gross volume of sakl(s made or business done by
16 each establi.4ihmentt which controls, is controlled by, or is

17 under common control with, the establishment employing
18 such eilploycc, exceeds $10,000,000 (cxcluLsive Of excise

19 taixc..s at the re(lil level which arc slepirately stated)."
20 EOMPLIOY'E I:S OF BOAT DEJJAlElS
21 Srt., 210. Section 13 (b) (10) is amicndcd (1) by in-

22 sertingI( "boats," after "servicing", aid (2) by inserting
23 "boats or" before "such vehicles".