National weather modification policy act of 1976

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Material Information

Title:
National weather modification policy act of 1976 a report to accompany S. 3383, as amended
Series Title:
Serial - House, Committee on Science and Technology ; no. 94-NN
Physical Description:
iii, 9 p. : ; 24 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on Science and Technology. -- Subcommittee on the Environment and the Atmosphere
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Weather control -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Meteorology -- Research -- United States   ( lcsh )
Meteorology -- International cooperation   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by the Subcommittee on the Environment and the Atmosphere of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-fourth Congress, second session ... September, 1976.
General Note:
At head of title: Committee print.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 025959435
oclc - 02611901
System ID:
AA00024860:00001

Full Text













NATONA WATHR MDPHERIO





XSEN'9ATIVES





.0AR


OFRT TH




COMITING OFFC SCIENCE AND E1978




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COMMITTEE ON- OIWIqE AND TWCHNOLOGY,
01,mt. -TEiGft'Tex&s,,0Aeiir'mdft XEN HECHLER, West Virginia CUARJXS, A. MOSHER, Ohio
THOMAZ N. DOWNING, Virginia ALPHONZO BJ LU CAliforld&
DON FUQUA, Florida, JOHN Jk1kMAX,, Opa;ho
JAMES W. SYMINGTOlq, Mtq tifl:l JOHN W.WYI)tag, lqevr iv4*'
LARRy WINN, j&, Xanaao. WALTER FLOWERS, Alabania. ROBERT A. ROE, New Jersey. LCLVIS, F. Mr, JjL, Florift
MIKE McCORMACK, Washington BARRYX GOLDWATER,, ft" &I
GEORGE E. BROWN, JR., California MARVIN L. XgbHp 3ae'blgan'
PALE MILFORD, Texas JOHN B. CONLAN, Ailzbia, z >n:'
BAY THORNTON, Arkansas PenuoylvwAii -,
.TAMES 19. SCHEUER, New York DAVID F. EXERY7 M9100 k ,
RICHARD 1-4 QTTIXGXV, +Now LAAR paj
RENRY A. WAXMAt4, C&Ifforbik PHILIP H. HAYE% Indiana TOM HARKIN, Iowa 'A4.
hM LLOYD, Call I feral& XEROME A. AMBRO, New York CHRISTOPHOR J. DODD, -Connecticut 141CHAEL T. BLOUNNZ!owa ... ..
TIM L. HALL, 1111nols J
ROBERT (BOB). KRUEGER, Tex4q UARILYN L14YD, Tvaneftee

tM010SHjBL NC1,1AR le lg4u IM T
JoAN L. SWIGERT, Jr. E~utive Diro&dr

P ILIP B. YZAGEHVOU"Sel xi FRANIi
JAMES E. Wilsso:N, technicol Conxu4tant o nsult"t
JOHN R HOLUVIALD, Sefence Oongtataitt RALPH N. READ, PCOAniOW C&n*Ultant ... ..
RmEaT C. KETCHAM, 00U#*C1 ;REGINA A. DAvis, Chief OWk
6 ICItAEL A. SUPERATA, Hin0ritV C04094


104Wj:iT= ON THE ANDTimAIrmoarimuz
EO3tGE MBROWN Jnl c4Wornla, Ghtoiman
t r NA-RVTN L. ESCH, Michigan
W LARRY VJNN, JR., Kansas vf
DAIA MILFORI)i Texas ?4YERS, Pelinsylvaidu
WerfARD L. OTTINGER, New York DAVID F. EMERY, Mn4ne
PHILIP 19. HAYES, Indlana...:...
AMBRO, New Ybrk gROME A.
MRS J. BLANCHARD, Michigan JAMES H,,SCHEUER, New-York







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CONTENTS

page
1. Purpose of the bill -------------------------------------------- IL
IT. Explanation of the bill ----------------------------------------- .1
111. Subcommittee actions ------------------------------------------ 3
IV. Subcommittee views ------------------------------------------- 4
V. Sectional analysis --------------------------------------------- 4
VT. Oversightfindings and recommendations, Committee on Government Operations ------------------------------------------------- 6'
VIL Cost and budget data ------------- : ---------------------------- 7
VITT. Congressional Budget Act information -------------------------- 7
IM Effect of legislation on inflation -------------------------------- 7
X. Department recommendations ---------------------------------- 7
XJ. Change in existing law ----------------------------------------- 9
XII. Subcommittee recommendations -------------------------------- 9



































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NATIONAL WEATHER MODIFICATION
POLICY ACT OF 1976 .
r~h:Sucommittee, on the Environment and the Atmosphere, to whom~wsreferred the bill (S. 3383) to authorize and direct the Ser~aryo namerce to develop a nationalj mlicy on weather modificatio$ jd or other purposes, having considered the same, report favoron ithamedmets Un recommend that the bill do pass.
The aendm ents are. listed and explained in "Subcommittee
I. PURPOSE@ OFTH Buz>
i, he prpseof the bill is to develop a. comprehensive and coordlinat4, iaionl.weather modification policy and a national program of eatermodification research and. develop .ment to determine the
,which deliberate weather modificaho ca be used at the
p et tune to deerease~the adverse impact of weather'on agriculture, econoic growth,. and the general public welfare, and to determine th poential for weather modification; to conduct research into those sdonc areas considered most likely to lead to practical techniques fo droght prevention or. alleviation and other forms of deliberate weae modification; 'to develop practical methods and devices for
we~t Prmodifleation'; to make weather modification research findings im-1,%leto interested parties; to assess the economic, social, environmei anad lglimpact of an operational weather modification program; to dereo both national and international mechnisms designed to. minimize cofiets. which my arise with respect to the peaceful uses of ea spr modification; and to integrate the results 'of existing expprisase and studies. in weather modification activities into model ople and, agreements'for .regulation of domestic and international wpather modification activities.
II. EXPLANATION OF THE ER.I
S. 8383 passed the Senate on May 21, 1976. The bill, s amended by tho Subcommittee on the'.Environment and the Atmosphere, authorizes and, directs the Secretary of Commerce to conduct a comprehensive invii~tigation and study'.of the state of scientific knowledge concernin g weather modification, the present state of development of weather roodifichI tion'technology, the problms impeding effective implementatio:n of weather modiication technology, and other related matters. Siqch stupdy shall include a review and an alysis of the present and past research -eforts to establish practical weather modification technology, Particularly 'as it relates to -reducing loss of life and crop. and property destruction a review and alyiof research needcs in.,weather modi-






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technology; a review and analysis of existing studies to e t probable economic importance to the United States in to cultural production, energy, and related economic factors ~nt weather modification technology were to e effect mented; an assessment of the legal, social, and ecological 'of expanded and effective research and operational wheat] tion projects; foemulation of one or more options or ar tory code for domestic weather modificatioaetivities, be based on a review and analysis of experience and at area, and to be adaptable to State and aioal needs; r tions concerning *legislation desirable at all levelast govrmn.t implement a national wether modification y- and
review of the iterational im portance and implicain don ete modification activities by the United tates ad othe nations; a review and analysis of presen aid past funding modification from all sources to determine the sources a of funding in the light of the needs of the Nation; a analysis of the purpose, policy, methods, and funding fteFd







eral department s and agencies involved in wther da of the existing ihteragency' ordination of weather modiiaine search efforts; and 'formuilation of onie or 'more 6pins'o aAoe international agreement concerning the peacefi ass o the o fica tion and the regribtion of iationalbweatlier viodi fleatio civth6 and a review atti analysis of the' necessity anid feasibility o eoit





surch an agreement.
The bill further dir-ets that the Secretary ofiCommnerce pea~'h stibmit to the President and the Congress, within 1 year a of enactment of this' Act, a final report on the findings, aind, recommendations of the study conducted puriitto l Such rep 'ort shall include summary of the finding nadewihrwc to each of the areas of invi tighitiali specdified in sectiton 4;ohrnd i ngs w hich are pertinent to the deteirmination'and implemettino national pol 'icy on weather modifications; a ireebtmieiden atoa police oi1 treathetitmodificationi and a recommended natioawetr .nilication tesearch and, development program which i-osgen with. and likely- to contribute to, achieving the' obfeces fsc policy recommendations for levels of Federal founding sfiin support adequately a national weather modification researhan e velolpmenlt programTi; recom mend ations for Any changes inth rlizattion and involvement of Federal departments and aece.i weather modification which may be needed to implementr f4,tvl thle reconunended national policy on weather modification adtere a(mmn-11ded resea~rch'and developen program; and recormnain
fo nyrglaoyand other leisation 'Which may be fured oI plement su .ch policy and program or for any interniation rrnmi which may be appropriate concerning the peaceful usesofw atSr modification, including- recomnmenda tions concerning'the is, ~ l tion, refinement, and 'Possible implen 'ntation of the modedM6i code and international agreement developed nder the speciiai~so secfion 4. Each department ag,,.en -c;.y, and other instrumnnatyo h Federal Governinent is authorized and directed to fu'rny~hte e'e tary any information- which- the Secretary deems necessay-tcr out his functions mnder this Act.







'he bil also directs the Secretary of Commerce to solicit adcsar the views ol' SIta agencies, private firms, institutons of higher learning, and other interested persons and governmentalentities in the conduct of the study required by section 4 and in the preparaton of the report required by subsection (a). Fidanl the bill-authorizes appropriations not to eed $1 mnion ,t asupport the study and report required by sections 4 and 5 of the bill. In addition, the bill authorizes appropriations in the ameant ot $800,000. each year through 1980 to support work by the Departmentaof Wu ree un"der the provisions of Public Law 92-205, a law which reaisee the reporting of weather modification activities to the SedteIII., SecowarrE ACTIOKB
The Subcommittee adopted the following' amendments to S. 388:
(1) A new paragraph (7) was added to the statement of purpose in Section 2 (b). This new parAgraph provides that in the deveomn of a national weather modification policy, it is the purpose of Congres
40 gtte the reusofex listing experience and studies initweather modfiction activities into model codes and agreements for regulation nadoetic and, international -weabhe modific..tinn actirritie
()Anew paragraph (5) was added to Section 4 which provides Ibstthestudly to be cnsdade8 by the Secretary of Commerce inctiude Jorulaion of one or morme options for a model regulatory code for Akmmts waher modification activities, such code to be based on a ...vivvand analysis -of, experience and studies in this area, and to be

g rpha(5) through (8) of S. 838 were renunmbered (6
Paragrph (9) of Section 4 of the bill was renumbered (1o asnd wasrevsed to-prvdathat the study to be conducted by theSerty A onmmerce incitae formulation of one or more options fo amoe .stional agreement concerning the peaceful uses of weathrisedi4ami and Ahe reguwlation oat iownal weat.hemdiiatinsativtins. welll as the original provision which required a review and analysis ,fthe necessity and feasibility of negotiating such an agreement.
-4) The -words "regulatory and other? wefe inserted before the werd lfia~n" on thefiAseline of Paragraph (6) of Section (a) providngthat the Secretar~y of onmerse shall include in hisreport to Ah resident ad, the angress reousnendations of any '"regulatory .h.other" legislation 'which. may be reuired to implement such -polrey thd program or for a ny, international agemetwic.a b p
propriate concerning -thepeaceful uses of. weather modification. Winaddition, the following, new language was added at the end of paragaph (6) : "including recommendations concerning the dissemisaition, refinement, and possible implementation of the model domstic codma4nd internationialagreement developed -under therspecifications
44 (lk) Section 6 of te bil was, renumbered: subsection (a) and, a nerw admeetion (b) was. added lo Section .6 which provides autthoriza~tion
. A-- ei 'iLii-Aii of dwa iiiiiiAii earLiiii through 1t9all o fiiiiii i iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiii i isiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii i iii








Piblic Iaw 92205, a law which requires

m4
mddification activities to the Secretary of Emere
IV. SusCOXXrrrEE:
The subcommittee considers research phenomena, of the interrelationships betwenteamshr dt-:
oceans, and of th6 dynamics of longer-termwahradotdwi climate trends. Accordingly, the subconnt~ ol hp ,
more vigorous and broadly-based federal rearhpoami.t6nff uture, and to the extent that additionalrlegilto dh erqie,: the subcommittee intends t6 pursue that aveu nte9t oges
V. SE.ONAL An.
SEONO 1. TITLE
.The Title of the bill is "The National Wete 5iicto dl Act of 1976.1
18EOTION 2. DECLARATION-*POIC
In subsection (a), Congress finds .and dcae ht()W"wl related ,disasters band hazards, including druhhriaetra doe, hail, ightning, fog, floods, and frost,reutisbtail uso suffering snd loss of life, billions of dollarofanl-eomi1s to owners of crops and other property, ansubtnil ia s
to the United States Treasury; (2) weathei oiiaintenlg has significant potential for preventing, dvrig oeaigit ameliorating the adverse effects of suchdisatr n avsa&4 hancingcrop production and the availability state nature of climatic and related, phenoeath vrecmwo hardships experienced -as the reanlt of ocan aldogta~~k adverse meteorological conditions, and theistn oead h. sponsibilities of the Federal GovernmentKihrepctt~iutr relief require appropriate Federal actiontopentralvie sb disasters and hazards;- and. (4) weather moiiainpori 1y have long-range and unexpected effects onisigcmac oatf which are not confined by national boundaris It is declared in subsection (b) to be thepuosofCnewb h legislation to develop: a: -comprehensiveadzoint ains
weather modificationL policy and.a nationalpormf atelbi. fication research and development (1)- to eemn h.rmsb which deliberate weather modification can b sda h rsttm to decrease the adverse impact of weather,,h-arclueeoou growth, and the general public welfare, and odtrieteptftt for weather modification;. .(2),to conduct reerh it1hs dnf areas considered most likely to lead to practia ehiusfogrv prevention or alleviation and other forms o eieaewahrM6i. fication; (3) to develop practical 1.methodg






(8to develop -both national and I intaiona mdchanisidi dsgned to minimize conflicts which may arise with respect to the ful uses of weather modiei action; and (7) to integrate the results
f p t. erience and studies in weather modification activities
iiiiTiiand a ments for regulation of dnmestic and inter"tinalweaher modifction activities.
SaCrxON a. DWNITrIOus
J 46t.ecetry"7 means the Secr etsr ofComre
f "tae"means- any Stks of teUniteStes the District of
'Coilnbaor any common-vealth, territory or poseson of the United
,.S."WAther modification" ineans any active performed with the VTton and expectation of producing chang mn precipitation, wind,
Jgthing, and other atmospheric phenomena.
9ETN 4. STUDY
.i' e retary shall conduct a comprehensive investigation and
*06d 6fthe state of scientific knowledge donderning weather modi&kfdnthe pretent s~et d development of weather'hodification techMI 'the, problems impeding, effective impenentation of weather tio, and other related matters. Suclistiudyshll include'(1) a ievew nd analysis of the present and past research efforts to a tab 1%h retialweather mo81eation technology, particularly as it rela"I61rleducing- loss of life knd crop and propeity destruictibit (2) ii and analysis 'of researcli needs ini weather modification to estblish areas in which more research could be expected to yiel the
itreturn i terms of Practical weather modificeatioin technology;
0) ini-view ad .analysis Iof existing studies to estalblish the pr~obable c~no im iportance to the- United States i sterns of agricultural PTduction, enery and related economic factors if th ipresent weather IIM tion te were to be effectively 'imjplemeitd(7a
idlsgent oftlie lega 'socia;1, and ecoloocal implications of erpadded in fective research 118 operational weather hmodificationi'projects; for- ftiulation of 'One ofinbirb -option' for a model regltry code for domestic weather modification activities, such code to be' baed an a review and analysis of experience and studies in this area, and to be adaptable' to State and nationall needs (6) recomnmendations conpaigjegislation desirap all levels of, govqznment to implement ignal weather mnod,"f cationpolicy and *-grm (7) areriew of
mh international importance and imphications of weather modification Weivities by the United States and. other individual nations; (8) a revewand anayi of present Qnd past funding for weather modification from all sources to determine the sources and adequacy of funding in telight of the needs, o06- the Nation; (9) a review and analysis of the purpose, .policy, methods, and funding of the Federal departments and: agencies involved in weather modification and of the existing interageny coriaino eter modification research -efforts;
and (10) formulation of one or more options for a model international
agremnt onernngthepeceul se ofwethe miiai o ........dL thet~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~N repainoi~fitwate oiictoictvte; u e






6

view and analysis of thy necessity, a feaiW*ility of pgtaigu an agreementt,,
SECTION, .5. ,REPOR
In subsection (a), the Bicretary is aretprepato pre'psiie to the President and the Congress hr wi I hi t or ithe ii 61i ii ment of this legislation, a final regidit on the fffdilif eoa recommendations of the study required under section 4. Soc] rpr shall include, (1) a summary. oftihe fidings hade with resp of the areas of investLigatio specfied in~septg &,8
ioniiiiiiitioni4,i(2),,o .O di,,g


which are pertinent to te determination ad. unple~ a 01 6ou tional policy on weather modifications ).a reuaned
retinddiki',=



policy on weather modification and a recommendedd national'wa modification research.anud development program, wJhiYc ~ tn with, and likely to contribute to, achi ving te, phjdtew nQi icy; (4) recommendations for, levels of Federalf funding syW.tA support adequately a national weather* modification resear fd-e velopment program; (5) recommendations for any changes in ah organization and involvement of Federal'.departments and agencia n.1 weather modification which may,b4 needqd to implement py
-the recommended national policy on weather mod ifiationsq~ recommended research and development program;.. aid (6) jN mendations for any regulatory and other, legislation which, my we quired to. implement such policy and program or for anv bat agreement.which may be appopiat concerning the pa weather modification, incluchng recommidstionae spacers g
semnaton, reineent, 'and possible implementation of tes
mestic code and international agrement dpveloped uder the tions of section 4.
Each Federal Government departmbAt, agency or a, olr mtu mentality is authorized and. directed toluirnish the, Sve~4 crets4; in formation which theq 'Secretary. feels, is necessary to carr, functions required by this legislation. Subsection (b) requires the Secretary both to aggii and views of State agencies, private firms, 14stitutions of 4ihi h ejp and other interested parties and. go ynent1'entities in: 94 a the study required by section 4 -and preparia the repo bg section 5 (a). .,,n
SECTION! AUTIAORIZATIONS ]%O APP QfVtUATI O
Funds not to exceed, $1 milliori rd axti d 4iob be the" Secretary for piirposes) 6bf c oriying"rfh u legislation .
Funds i the dmount'of $200,000 per yfear througIf thorized to be appropriated fo, the, SLcetr for the p~a t tinuing work hA t he Depdrtmeint of 'orreudrtdm d PubliciLaw92i05 a 'awwhich reqiiresr cation activities tothe Secretary
VI. OVEIGIC 31F]1INMNGS D bRCOMEtTON O P

No findings br rcmedton n verighbstivity pa att
clause 2 (b) (2), rule X, and clause 2 (1) (3) (D), rule XI. of the Rules







'of the House of Representatives have been submitted by the Comptni tt Government Operations for inclusion in this report.
VII. COST AND BUDGET DATA
Ue Ib will authorize appropriations in total amount of $1,20000
an~fmal year 1977, broken down in the following way: $1,000,000 for imppot of the study and report required under the provisidns of Seetiki 4and 5 of the bill, and $200,000 to support work fin the Depart nwt-f: ommerce under the terms of Publie Law 92--05, ra wich requimthe reporting of weather modification activities to the/ Seretaryof ommerce.
Inadition, the bill would authorize Appropriations in the samount of $,000 per year for activities under Public Iaw 992-205 through fisal ear 1980.
..accordance with the requirements of section 252 (b) of the Iegs
lie Reorganization Act of 1970, the estimate of obligations over te next five years is $W0,000 per year. The $1,000.000 athorization for the study is a one-time affair and has no iaplication for- future
al years.
VIII. CONRURESSIONAL Benewr Actr browmArxox-s
This bill provides for new authorization rather than new budget authrt and consequently the pirovisidons of sections 808(a) of the elng ssional Budget Act of 1974 are ndt applicable No authorization for State or local financial assistance are included in the bill
11. E~rECT OF LEGISE A T O o 1 xn ioN
In accordance with Rule XI, Cau se 2(1) (4J o the Rueis oft the House of Representatives, this legislation is assessed to have no adverse inflationary efrect on price and coets in the operatio of the national economy.
X. DEPAETHENT RvirnurwwwnfruTwDATI
.Ikpartm ent recommendations were solicited on June 9, 1976 from the Department of Commerce, the General Accounting Offiee, Departmient of Agriculture, and Environmental Protectionr Agenecy.
-Only one respone-has been received, fro -the Genexal Accounting Oe: .-
ComrsonLanGENERnls% OF THE U-NTATES,
Waphington, D.C., Auwas 10, 1976.
B :100063...
Hon. Oux-% E. TrlGU,
Chirmwn, Comittee on Serce and Technology, House of Represntatives
'DEAR M1R. 'CHEAIRMA:: Reference is made to a request from your Committee for-our views on S. .3383, 94th Congress. a bill to authorize and direct the.Secretary of Conunerce to develop a national policy and
aresac aneelpetprogram on weather modification.
We believe that S. 3383 represents a constructive step toward a more
'..... i 'iiiiii. % ii i eE A o
e ff o HHH ft W r a r o le w e a th e r m o ifi c a t ig n H

................................................................ w o l ......... i iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiior e c m w a ~ o









contained in the General Accounting Office's (GAO) report W '-tblo Congress on "Need for a National Weather Modification'ResearA Program" (B-133202, August 23, 1974).. Our report emphasized the need for a national weather modification program, administered and maintained by a lead agency, to effectivelytie together presently4mgmented Federal weather modification research activities. The rdport pointed out that the program should include goals, priorities cmd,
plans for allocating resources to meet priority objectives.Our report of August 1974 recommended that the Office of Maplager, ment and Budget designate oneagency having a major program xer sponsibility to administer the national program and to reassign,,if appropriate, the responsibilities of the several'Federal. agencies: cbn ducting weather modification research. TJnder'S. 3383, the See'lretariy of Commerce would make recommendations for appropriate organizational arrangements, as well, as levels of Federal funding which would have to be implemented by the President and/orthe Congress
A copy of our August 1974 report is enclosed.
Sincerely yours,
ROBERTF. KELLrin,
Deputy Comptroller General
of the United States.

During the Subcommittee hearings on the bill, the Department of Commerce witness, Dr. JohnW. Townsend, Jr., Assistant Adi6nistrator at Nationat, Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration', tesdifle4 as follows:
S. 3383, would authorize and direct the Secretary of Commerce to develop a national policy and program on weather modification. As mentioned in previous testimony on a related bill by Senator Bellmon, this prop, osed study would be one in a long line of previous reviews of what the Nation should, do in weather modification. Studies have also been conducted by the National Academy of Sciences., the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, the General Aocounting Office,, and by the Domestic Council's Subcommittee. mentioned 'above. It should be -noted that the previous studies did not bring together each and eve;.y element of the problem for review in depth or for further formulation of a comprehensive national policy and program In weather modification. However, on balance, I believe these studies, each in its own time, addressed the, most critical problems among the various diverse elements. Tberefore, the AdministrAtion believes that serious consideration needs to be given ag to whether another kudy is really required at this period in time.
Another Administration witness, Dr. Alfred J. Eggers, Jn, Assistant Director for Research Application, National Science Foundatlon testified as follows
S. 3383 provides for the Secretary of Commerce to conduct a comprehensive investigation and study of the state of the scientific knowledge concerning weather modification, the present state of development of weather modificatio# technology, and the problems., impeding effective implementation Qf weatheK modification technology.
As has been noted earlier, many weather modification studies, have' been coil' ducted and, it is really. not clear, in our view, what another study would. b, e expeeted to contribute at this time and it is for that reason that we.oppose thiq bill.
In addition under S. :3383 the Secretary of Commerce would responsible foIr the study. We are inclined to believe t;hat in any future'studies the full partici ipation of the Department of Com;nerce, the Department of Interior,, and.1the National Science Foundation, could best.assess all approaches to weather NOWcation, inchiding university-based Activities, and thus develop the broadest basis for recommendations concerning future programs.




Noma&




A third Administration witness, Dr. Archie M. Kahan, Chief, Di*Won of Atmospheric Water Resources Management, Bureau of
Xeclamation, Department of the Interior, testified as follows:
With respect to S. MA the bill does not appear to recognize activities which
hAve been and are now being undertaken in the area of weather modification, and the bM could produce considerable duplication. Much work in the area of
j-,foods and role assessment as well as in specific problem-oriented research has
boft recently done.
During the past year, the Domestic Council Subcommittee on Climate Change
Us undertaken an extensive study of the role of the Federal Government in weather modification. Although composed of -representatives from several Governmw agencies, the subcommittee examined all available documentation on the Progress, status, and problems in weather modification, and conducted open hearings to hear ftom well-informed representatives of the scientific community, commweW sector, State governments, conservation groups, agriculturalists, and the Iftul Wd. It would appear that the study proposed by S. 3383 would duplicate
fte work of the Domestic Council Subcommittee and several other reports.
We conclude, therefore, that S. 33M is premature and do not support Its enact*wut at this time]If any study such as that proposed by S. 3383 is authorized at some future time,
vre believe that the authorization should expressly require that the advice of the
Department of the Interior be solicited and included in the study efforL

XI. CHANGES U EXISTING LAW

In compliance with clause 3 of Rule XIII of the Rules of the House
of Re resentatives, changes in existing law made by the, bill, as rePOM are shown as follows (existing law proposed to be omitted is
I sed in black brackets, new matter is printed in italic, existing law
in which no change is proposed as shown in roman):

Section 6. of the Weather Modification Reporting Act of 1972 (Public I.Aw 92--205)

9E:CrMON 6

There are authorized to be appropriated $150,000 for the fiscal year
ending June 30,1972, and $200,000 each for the fiscal years [1973, 19742
1975,1976,197711973 through 1980.

X111. SU )OMMMME POMMEMDAnONS

The biR as amended was reported favorably on a 7 to I record vote.

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