Report to the Committee on the Budget, views and estimates of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Re...

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Report to the Committee on the Budget, views and estimates of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives submitted pursuant to Section 301 of the Congressional budget act of 1974 on the budget proposed
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v. : ; 24 cm.
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English
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United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
United States -- Congress. -- House. -- Committee on the Budget
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Budget -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Environmental policy -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
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ddc - 353.007/22
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Related Items

Succeeded by:
Views and estimates of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives on the budget proposed for fiscal year ...

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Letter of transmittal
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page v
        Page vi
    Overview of committee budget recommendations for fiscal year 1980
        Page 1
        Page 2
    President's budget requests for existing programs which require authorizing legislation prior to the enactment of appropriations for fiscal year 1980
        Page 3
        Page 4
    President's budget request for new and expanded programs which would require authorizing legislation for fiscal year 1980
        Page 5
    Legislative savings proposed for fiscal year 1980
        Page 6
    Legislative initiatives of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982
        Page 7
    President's budget requests for existing programs which do not require authorizing legislation for fiscal year 1980
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
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    Permanent spending authority within jurisdiction of Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
        Page 17
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    Budget recommendations of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and its subcommittees
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    Appendix: Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs congressional budget
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Full Text



96th Congress COMMTTEE PRINT NO. 2:
1st Session f





REPORT

TO THE

COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET




( VIEWS AND ESTIMATES

OF TM

COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND
INSULAR AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SUBMITTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 301 OF THE
CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET ACT OF -T~

ON THE 1

BUDGET PROPOSED
FISCAL YEAR 19
~ ~29 1979





MARCH 15, 1979


Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
36-M8 0 WASHINGTON : 1979






















COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MORRIS K. UDALL, Arizona, Chairman PHILLIP BURTON, California DON H. CLAUSEN, California
ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin Ranking Minority Member
ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas MANUEL LUJAN, JR., New Mexico
JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York KEITH G. SEBELIUS, Kansas
JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio DON YOUNG, Alaska
HAROLD RUNNELS, New Mexico STEVEN D. SYMMS, Idaho
ANTONIO BORJA WON PAT, Guam JAMES P. (JIM) JOHNSON, Colorado
BOB ECKHARDT, Texas ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California
JIM SANTINI, Nevada DAN MARRIOTT, Utah
JAMES WEAVER, Oregon RON MARLENEE, Montana
BOB CARR, Michigan MICKEY EDWARDS, Oklahoma
GEORGE MILLER, California RICHARD B. CHENEY, Wyoming
JAMES J. FLORIO, New Jersey CHARLES PASHAYAN, JR., California
DAWSON MATHIS, Georgia ROBERT WHITTAKER, Kansas
PHILIP R. SHARP, Indiana DOUGLAS K. BEREUTER, Nebraska
EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts MELVIN H. EVANS, Virgin Islands
PETER H. KOSTMAYER, Pennsylvania BALTASAR CORRADA, Puerto Rico AUSTIN J. MURPHY, Pennsylvania NICK JOE RAHALL II, West Virginia BRUCE F. VENTO, Minnesota JERRY HUCKABY, Louisiana LAMAR GUDGER, North ;Carolina
-JAMES J. HOWARD, New 'Jersey JERRY M. PATTERSON, California RAY KOGOVSEK, Colorado PAT .WILLIAMS,,Montana CHARLES CONKLIN, Staff Director LEE MCELVAIN, General Counsel STANLEY ScoviuL, Special Counsel for Legislation GARY G. ELLSWORTH, Minority Counsel WILLIAM ANDERSON, Budget Officer .... :(II)









LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULARAFFAIRS,
U.S. HOUSE REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C, March 14, 1979.
Hon. ROBERTN. GIAIMO,
Chairman, Committee on the Budget, US. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C,
DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: Pursuant to the requirements of section 301(c) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, and in compliance with your letter of January 31, 1979, to committee chairmen requesting the views and estimates of their respective committees on the Congressional Budget for fiscal year 1980, 1 am submitting a report containing our estimate of budget authority and outlays for each functional category within the jurisdiction of this Committee.
The report, approved by the Committee on March 13, represents a consolidated statement of the views and estimates of the relevant standing subcommittees as well as those of the Full Committee.
To assist allocation of permanent spending authority among the respective authorizing committees, this report also provides information on permanent budget authority and outlays of $857 million and $705 million respectively within the jurisdiction of this Committee.
In addition, this report contains an appendix which provides a listing of all the laws enacted by this Committee together with budget authority and outlays associated with these laws. The Committee notes that the amounts associated with the laws within its jurisdiction are estimated to be approximately $9 billion in budget authority and $8 billion in outlays for fiscal year 1980 exclusive of offsetting receipts.
Finally revenues received by agencies under this Committee's jurisdiction save the Government about $2.6 billion annually thereby decreasing the overall deficit by that same amount.
Sincerely,
MORRIS K.UDALLChairman.





















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CONTENTS


Page
L etter of transm ittal ....................................................................................................... iii
Overview of committee budget recommendations for fiscal year 1980 ................. I
President's budget requests for existing programs which require authorizing
legislation prior to the enactment of appropriations for fiscal year 1980 ........ 3
President's budget request for new and expanded programs which would
require authorizing legislation for fiscal year 1980 ............................................... 5
Legislative savings proposed for fiscal year 1980 ...................................................... 6
Legislative initiatives of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 .............................................................................. 7
President's budget requests for existing programs which do not require authorizing legislation for fiscal year 1980 ........................................................................ 8
Permanent spending authority within jurisdiction of Committee on Interior and Insular A ffairs ...................................................................................................... 17
Budget recommendations of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and its subcom m ittees ........................................................................................................ 31
Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment ................................................ 37
Subcommittee on National Parks and Insular Affairs ..................................... 40
Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources ................................................. 58
Subcom m ittee on Public Lands ............................................................................. 66
Subcommittee on Mines and Mining .................................................................... 72
Appendix: Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs Congressional B u d g et ............................................................................................................................ A 1
(V)














OVERVIEW OF COMMITTEE BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980

Before enumerating the increases recommended by the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs in this year's report of its views and estimates to the Committee on the Budget, the Committee would like to note its concern with respect to the President's projected growth estimates for the conservation and natural resources function over the 3-year cycle beginning in fiscal year 1980. While outlays for fiscal year 1980 reflect a 2-percent increase over the preceding fiscal year, the President proposes to increase outlays in fiscal year 1981 by 10 percent over fiscal year 1980. At first glance it appears that the conservation and natural resources activities of the Government are being asked to adhere to a policy of austerity in this budget year with the promise of reward at a later time. In the third year outlay projections are forecast for a 5-percent increase.
However, if one compares these projections with those based on the fiscal year 1979 second budget resolution for this function, a different perspective is evident. Assuming the continuance of current policy for programs in this function the 1979 second resolution projects a necessary 9-percent growth in this year's budget. If inflation is assumed then an almost 12-percent increase over fiscal year 1979 is warranted.
Consequently, in the light of these observations the Committee must recommend increases over the President's budget requests in this function as well as others under its jurisdiction.
With respect to the President's budget requests for existing programs which require authorizing legislation prior to enactment of appropriations for fiscal year 1980, the Committee generally concurs in the President's requests with a minor exception for the Western Area Power Administration. It notes that this agency has encountered serious problems since it was created in late 1977 to carry out the power marketing and transmission functions formerly lodged in the Bureau of Reclamation.
Most of these problems are due to inadequate staffing to assure reliable service. The Committee is concerned with this staffing deficiency, and it, therefore, recommends increasing budget authority by $3 million for 100 additional personnel.
For the President's budget requests for new and expanded programs which require authorizing legislation, the Committee concurs in the President's request for $300 million for a new proposal to authorize the Government to accept spent nuclear fuel from utilities. The Committee also concurs in the request for $50 million in grants to States for water management and technical assistance.
The Committee recommends a savings of $110 million in budget authority by annually funding the McGee Creek project. The Presi(1)





2
dent proposes to fully fund this project by requesting $115 million in budget authority. However, the Committee has determined that $5 million will be adequate for first year funding in fiscal year 1980.
Legislative initiatives of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will result in approximately $160 million in budget authority in fiscal year 1980. For H.R. 39, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the Congressional Budget Office has informally estimated first year costs to be in the range of $100 to $125 million. With respect to the full and final settlement of claims under title I of the Micronesian Claims Act of 1971, the costs are $12 million in budget authority. A modern hospital for the Northern Marianas is also proposed at a cost of $23 million.
The Committee recommends increases of $856 million in budget authority and $747 million in outlays over the President's request for existing programs which do not require authorizing legislation for fiscal year 1980.
In function 270, the Committee recommends increases of $109 million in budget authority and $93 million in outlays. Increases are for continuing the oil exploration program in the national petroleum reserve in Alaska and for implementing the State technical assistance program conducted by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Act of 1978.
Both of these increases are necessary and prudent since the President has decided to terminate the drilling program as an economy move in the midst of an energy crisis. The Committee has been informed that the costs to terminate and restart the program will exceed the costs of going ahead with the drilling program. The remainder of the increase is to provide assistance to the States so that they may be prepared to regulate uranium mill tailings, which as current events unfold, appear to be a very serious health problem in many areas of the country.
In function 300, conservation and natural resources the Committee recommends an increase of $553 million in budget authority and $511 million in outlays for existing programs not requiring authorization. Most of this increase reflects the Committee's decision to recommend full authorization funding for the Land and Water Conservation Fund, for the accelerated acquisition of lands previously authorized (Public Law 95-42), for urban parks and recreation grants, and for the Historic Preservation Fund.
In addition, the Committee has decided to recommend funding the operations and construction accounts of the National Park Service at current policy levels. Specific increases are also recommended for the Bureau of Land Management recreation and natural and cultural resource management activities.
Finally, in function 300, the Committee is recommending increased investments in water resource projects and public grazing lands. It notes with particular concern that the President's request did not include any funds for the Public Grazing Lands Improvement Act of 1978. Since this legislation was of the highest priority
I





3

in the last Congress, we must recommend full funding for this authorization.
In function 450, community and regional development, the Committee recommends an increase of $5.5 million to restore the Bureau of Indian Affairs housing program to current policy levels.
With respect to the BIA construction budget the Committee notes that the backlog of construction for buildings and facilitiesespecially with respect to educational needs-must be decreased, and consequently it recommends increased appropriations of $25 million for fiscal year 1980. In addition, the Committee recommends $20 million more than the President's request for Indian road construction in order to restore the road construction program to prior levels.
Finally, in function 450, the Committee is recommending an increase of $9 million for Indian child welfare service, and $900,000 for commercial development of the JoJoba resource. In function 750, administration of justice, the Committee recommends an increase for funding the Northern Marianas Commission on Federal Laws. This Commission was established as a result of the covenant between the United States and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas
In function 800, general government, the Committee recommends increases in budget authority of $90 million in budget authority and outlays of $52 million for construction projects in the Trust Territory, the Northern Marianas, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands. Other increases in this function are for the College of Micronesia, and for economic development funds. Finally, for existing programs not requiring authorizing legislation, the Committee recommends $35 million in budget authority for the Guam section 30 prepayments and to compensate for the shortfall of revenue to the Virgin Islands under function 850, general purpose fiscal assistance.
The Committee may submit a supplemental report with respect to the Office of Territorial Budget recommendations pending the outcome of congressional action on the fiscal year 1979 supplemental. Programs costing an additional $75 million in fiscal year 1979 have been recommended and the Committee is waiting action on this recommendation, particularly with respect to the Majuro hospital in the Marshall Islands, community projects in Rongelap, Utirik, and Bikini, and unmet health needs of the people of Guam.

PRESIDENT'S BUDGETREQUESTS FORExISTINGPROGRAMS WHICHREQUIREAUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIORTO THE ENACTMENT OF
APPROPRIATIONS FORFISCAL YEAR 1980
In function 270, energy, the President requests approximately $2 billion in budget authority and outlays for the Departmenit of Energy for programs which are of interest to this Committee. Also, in the same function, while the Committee concurs in the request of the President for $373 million in budget authority and $345 million in outlays for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, it is conducting authorization markup at the time of submission of the






4

budget report which may result in some specific changes in that agency's programs.
Finally, in functions 270, the President is requesting $164 million in budget authority and $76 million in outlays for the Power Marketing Administrations. While the Committee supports this request, it is recommending an increase of $3 million in budget authority and outlays for the Western Area Power Administration to add 100 personnel to assure full operational capability.
In function 300, natural resources and environment, the President is requesting the reauthorization of $10 million in budget authority and outlays for the Water Resources Council. While the Committee concurs in the President's request for reauthorization, it will be considering legislation to revise the organic charter of the Council. Also in this function, the Committee concurs in the President's request for authorizing $140,000 in budget authority for the Colorado River salinity control projects.
In function 800, the Committee agrees with the $450,000 authorization for the Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation Commission, although it notes with concern that the President's estimate of $8 million in outlays for fiscal year 1980 may not be realized if the outlays trend over the last 3 years is maintained.

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE AUTHORIZING
LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

270 Nuclear Regulatory Commission
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 373 377 383
Outlays ............................................................. 345 349 355
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 373 377 383
Outlays ............................................................. 345 349 355
(Authorize appropriations for Nuclear Regulatory
Commission.)

270 Department of Energy
President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays 2 .......................................................... 1900 ............................ ............................
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays 2 .......................................................... 1900 ............................ ............................
(Authorize appropriations for Department of
Energy programs within jurisdiction of
Committee.)

270 Power Marketing Administration
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 164 164





5
PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued
[In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

O utlays 2 .......................................................... 164 161 ill
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 167 167 114
Outlays 2 .......................................................... 167 164 114
(Authorize appropriations for Power Marketing
Administrations with increased sums of $3 million for 100 additional personnel for
Western Area Power Administration.)

300 Water Resources Council: President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 10 10 10
O utlays ............................................................. 10 10 10
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 10 10 10
Outlays .................................................... ........ 10 10 10
(Although the Committee concurs in the administration request, it will be considering legislation to revise the organic charter of the
Council.)
300 Colorado River Salinity Control Projects President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. (3) ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 3 3 ............................ ............................
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. (3) ............................ ............................
O utlays ...................................................... ...... 3 3 ............................ ............................
(Authorize appropriations for extension of Colorado River Salinity Control projects.)
800 Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation
Commission
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. (3) 1 4
O utlays ............................................................. 8 5 4
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. (3) 1 4
O utlays ............................................................. 8 5 4
Exclusive of Power Marketing Agencies, and Spent-Fuel Storage Fund. For latter see table 2.
2 Exclusive of offsetting receipts.
3 Less than $500,000.

PRESIDENT'S BUDGETREQUESTS FOR NEW ANDEXPANDED PROGRAMS
WHICH WOULD REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1980
In function 270, energy, the President is requesting $300 million in budget authority to establish the Spent Fuel Storage Fund. Leg-






6

isolation to be proposed would authorize the Government to collect spent nuclear fuel from utilities for storage. The Government would attempt to recover storage costs fully from fees charged to the utilities. In fiscal year 1980, receipts from storage fees are estimated at $150 million.
While the Committee believes that the creation of the fund will be considered favorably by the Congress, it does have reservations about details in the legislative proposal expected from the administration. Moreover, it anticipates authorization of the funds may be incorporated in the Department of Energy authorization bill.
In function 300, natural resources and environment, the committee will be considering the proposal to extend water management and technical assistance grants to States. The President is requesting $50 million in budget authority and $35 million in outlays for these grants to be administered by the Water Resources Council.

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR NEW AND EXPANDED PROGRAMS WHICH WOULD
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Legislative proposal 1980 1981 1982

270 Spent fuel storage fund
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 300 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 100 50 50
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 300 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 100 50 50
(New proposal would authorize the Federal Government to accept spent nuclear fuel from
utilities.)

300 Water Resources Council
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 50 50 50
O utlays ............................................................. 35 44 50
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 50 50 50
O utlays ............................................................. 35 44 50
(Grants to States would be extended for water
management and grants for technical assistance and education about water conservation.)



LEGISLATIVE SAVINGS PROPOSALS OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR
AND INSULAR AFFAIRS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980

In function 300, natural resources and environment, the committee proposes a savings of $110 million in budget authority in the





7

Bureau of Reclamation water resources projects program. The President is proposing to fully fund the McGee Creek project at $115 million in budget authority. The Committee recommends that the project be annually funded with $5 million in budget authority and outlays to be allocated in fiscal year 1980.
PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR SAVINGS THROUGH CHANGES IN EXISTING LAWS WHICH MANDATE SPENDING IN FISCAL YEAR 1980 WITHOUT FURTHER ACTION BY CONGRESS; OTHER LEGISLATIVE SAVINGS PROPOSALS
[In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Legislative proposal 1980 1981 1982

300 McGee Creek project
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 115 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 5 21 25
(President proposes to fully fund McGee Creek
water resources project.)
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 5 21 25
O utlays .................................................... ........ 5 21 25
(Committee recommends annual funding of this
project.)

LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND
INSULAR AFFAIRS FOR FISCAL YEARS 1980, 1981, AND 1982

The Committee has ordered reported H.R. 39, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, and expects a bill to be enacted in this Congress. Although final cost estimates are unavailable at the time of submission of this budget report, the Congressional Budget Office has informed the Committee on an informal basis that tentative estimates range from $125 to $150 million for fiscal year 1980.
The Committee believes it is unfair to delay compensation to the Micronesian people, and consequently, it will be proposing legislation to pay 50 percent of the $24 million claim against the United States and Japan without waiting for Japan to pay its share. The Committee also will propose legislation to build a new hospital in the Northern Marianas at a cost of $23 million.
LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES OF CONGRESS FOR FISCAL YEARS 1980, 1981, and 1982 [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Identify Initiative 1980 1981 1982

300 H.R. 39 Alaska National Interest Lands
Conservation Act:
Budget authority .............................................. 125 ............................ ............................





8
LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES OF CONGRESS FOR FISCAL YEARS 1980, 1981, and 1982-Continued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Identify Initiative 1980 1981 1982

O utlays ............................. :*****'***"*** ... **"** .... ****
(Cost estimates were provided by CBO on a
tentative informal basis for bill as reported.)
800 Micronesian claims payment
Budget authority .............................................. 12 0 0
O utlays .............................................................
(Full and final payment of compensation under
title I of the Micronesian Claims Act of
1971.)
800 Northern Marianas hospital
B udget authority .............................................. 23 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 9 7 7
(Committee is proposing legislation to build a
modern hospital for the Northern Mariana
Islands.)

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR ExISTING PROGRAMS WHICH Do
NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980

In function 270, energy, the Committee is recommending an increase of $500,000 in budget authority and outlays over the President's request. This amount was authorized by the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 to provide assistance to States for upgrading standards for the regulation of uranium milling and mill tailings disposal. States are expected to have begun upgrading this year in order to complete implementation of new laws and regulations by late 1981.
Furthermore, in the energy function, the Committee expresses concern about the President's decision to terminate the oil exploration program in the national petroleum reserve in Alaska. The fiscal year 1980 budget is asking only $4 million for the reserve with $3 million allocated for environmental restoration. The Committee has been informed that the costs to continue a five-well program would b.-A $109 million, while the costs to terminate the program could run over $60 million. Moreover, if the 1979 drilling program were to produce significant hydrocarbon discoveries, then the administration would continue drilling. If termination occurs in the face of significant findings, and if drilling began again, it is estimated that another $60 million would be required to restart the program. The Committee believes that termination is neither economically feasible nor wise particularly in light of recent events impacting on U.S. energy supplies. Consequently, the Committee





9

recommends increasing budget authority and outlays by $109 million.
In function 850, general purpose fiscal assistance, natural resources and environment, the Committee is recommending increases of $7.3 million in budget authority and outlays in order to provide funds to implement the new entitlement benefits under the payments-in-lieu-of-taxes legislation enacted in the 95th Congress. Benefits were extended to certain wildlife refuge lands, inactive military bases, certain acquired lands, unorganized boroughs in Alaska, and new lands acquired in the Redwood National Park.
In function 300, the Committee recommends an increase of $4 million in budget authority and outlays for recreation resources management, and natural and cultural resource management program in the Bureau of Land Managemant.
The Committee places the highest priority on full authorization funding of Public Law 95-514, the Public Grazing Lands Improvement Act of 1978. Since the administration failed to request firstyear funds to implement the act, it is necessary to add $15 million budget authority and outlays for the first year of a 20-year grazing lands improvement program that is vital to the restoration of very badly depleted rangelands in the Western United States.
For the saline water control program of the Office of Water Research and Technology the Committee recommends that the President's budget requests for fiscal year 1980 be increased to expedite construction of two demonstration plants as authorized by Public Law 95-84 and Public Law 95-467.
The Committee recommends that adjustments be made in the President's budget authority requests for Bureau of Reclamation water resources projects construction. It requests that $110 million be deleted for fiscal year 1980 for the McGee Creek project in Oklahoma and that $3 million and $19 million be added for Bartlett Dam, Ariz., and American Falls Dam, Idaho, respectively. Continuing in function 300, the Committee is recommending full authorization funding of the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Although the fund has been authorized at the $900 million level for fiscal year 1980, and succeeding fiscal years, the administration is underfunding it by approximately $300 million in this budget request. In addition, the administration is proposing to ask for rescission of the fund's $30 million contract authority. Moreover, they propose to ask for authority to fund Pinelands National Reserve from the LWCF in direct contravention of this Committee's legislative intent. Finally, the administration has requested no moneys in this budget year for Public Law 95-42 which authorizes increased spending for previously authorized areas. Since these requests are inadequate in the judgment of the Committee, it is recommending increases of approximately $420 million in budget authority and $342 in outlays for the. Land and Water Conservation Fund and $2 million in budget authority and outlays for administrative expenses for the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service.
The Committee does not concur with the President's request to increase recreation fees and therefore recommends holding the pro-





10
gram at current levels of approximately $16 million in budget authority and outlays.
The President's requests for urban parks and recreation grants in the fiscal year 1979 supplemental request was approximately $100 million below the authorized ceiling. The Committee, therefore, recommends increasing the fiscal year 1980 request by $50 million in budget authority and $20 million in outlays to expedite the implementation of this highly desired program.
The Committee also recommends an increase of $105 million in budget authority over the President's request for historic preservation grants in order to fully fund the fiscal year 1980 authorization for the Historic Preservation Fund.
Finally, in function 300, it recommends a current policy level funding for the National Park Service operations and construction programs. The Congressional Budget Office has estimated that increases of $45 million in budget authority and outlays would assure continued funding of these programs at a current policy level as reflected in the second concurrent budget resolution for fiscal year 1979.
In function 450, community and regional development, the Committee recommends increasing the President's request for Native American Programs, especially in the area of child welfare, Indian housing, and construction of buildings and other facilities and reservation road construction. It recommends increasing child welfare funding by $9 million in budget authority and outlays. For Indian housing, it recommends increases of $5.5 million in budget authority and $4.2 million in outlays. For construction of buildings and facilities, mostly educational in purpose, it recommends increases of $25 million in budget authority and $19.4 million in outlays. Finally, for reservation road construction, it recommends increases of $20 million in budget authority and $15.5 million in outlays. Finally, for development of the Jojoba resource, it recommends an increase of $900,000.
In function 750, administration of justice, the Committee is recommending an increase of $1,200,000 for the Northern Marianas Commission on Federal Laws which was established by section 504 of the Covenant between the United States and the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas. The President's budget has requested $300,000 for the Commission for fiscal year 1980, but the Committee believes an appropriation of $1.5 million will be needed.
In function 800, general government, the Committee recommends an increase of $90 million in budget authority and $52 million in outlays for Office of Territorial Affairs programs. This total includes $10 million for the trust territory capital improvement program and $3 million for restoration of a $3 million reduction in operations amounts. In addition, land use agreements require increased funding of $1 million to compensate landowners who have permitted the government of the trust territory to use land at a less than fair market value. Another $1 million is recommended for construction planning for the College of Micronesia.
For Guam, the Committee recommends increases of $17 million to provide for the Guam Economic Development Fund, the Guam





11

capital improvements program, and to construct a very badly needed new prison facility.
For the Virgin Islands, in function 800, the Committee recommends amounts over $50 million to provide for building hospitals and other health facilities in the islands as well as to provide for the Virgin Islands economic development program.
Finally, in function 800, the Committee is recommending an increase of $9.5 million for American Samoa to provide for wharf and drydock expansion, seawall construction, school lunch facilities, construction, and operations of the territorial government.
In function 850, general purpose fiscal assistance, the Committee recommends an increase of $15 million for prepayments to Guam of section 30 funds as authorized in Public Law 95-348. Finally, in this function, the Committee recommends that an increase of $20 million be provided to compensate the Virgin Islands for losses and shortfalls in revenues.
Finally, with respect to existing programs not requiring authorizing legislation, the Committee has recommended increased supplemental funding of $75 million for other Office of Territorial programs in fiscal year 1979. The action taken by the Congress with respect to the pending supplemental could affect the fiscal year 1980 Committee recommendation for Office of Territorial programs contained in this views and estimates report.
PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

270 Nuclear Regulatory Commission
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 0 ............................ ............................
Committee recommendation:
B udget authority .............................................. .5 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. .5 ............................ .................... ......
(The committee recommends an additional sum
of $500,000 for technical assistance to States to implement the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978.)
270 National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 4.4 ............................ ...........................
O utlays ............................................................. 8 3 ............................ ...........................
Committee recommendation:
B udget authority .............................................. 112.9 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 17 5.0 ............................ ............................





36-686 0 79 2






12

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued [in millions of dollars)

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(President proposes to terminate exploration program in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska. Committee recommends continuing
program.)

850 Payments in lieu of taxes President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ............................................................. 108 ill 114
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ......................................................... ... 115.3 115.3 115.3
(Committee recommends additional sums to fund
new PILT entitlement lands pursuant to Public Law 95-250 (Redwoods National
Park) and Public Law 95-469.)

300 Bureau of Reclamation Construction Projects
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 313.2 398 400
Outlays ............................................................. 254.0 308 350
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 225.0 419 425
Outlays ............................................................. 276.2 308 350
(Committee recommends decrease of $110 million in budget authority for McGee Creek Project and increases of $3 million and $19 million in budget authority and outlays for Bartlett Dam, Arizona, and American Falls Dam, Idaho, respectively in fiscal year
1980.)

300 Office of Water Research and Technology President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 31 43 44
Outlays ............................................................. 25 36 37
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 43 43 44
Outlays ............................................................. 38 36 37
(The committee recommends that the President's
budget requests for fiscal year 1980 be increased to expedite construction of two demonstration plants as authorized by Public Law 95-84 and Public Law
95-467.)






13

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980.-Continued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

300 Range Improvement President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............................................................. 15 15 15
(Committee recommends full funding of Public
Law 95-514, Public Range Improvement program which was authorized at $15 million per year, and for which the President requested no moneys in fiscal year 1980.)

300 Land and Water Conservation Fund
(general fund)
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 610 850 950
Outlays ............................................................. 486 696 858
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 900 1,200 1,200
Outlays ............................................................. 750 900 1,200
(Committee recommends full authorization funding for LWCF. It does not concur in administration proposal to permit LWCF appropriations to be used to acquire Pinelands
National Reserve.)

300 Land and Water Conservation Fund
(special fund)
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 0 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 100.0 42.6 0
Outlays ............................................................. 47.5 77.6 17.5
(Committee recommends full authorization funding of Public Law 95-42.)

300 Land and Water Conservation Fund
(contract authority)
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 30 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 30 30 30
Outlays ............................................................. 30 30 30






14

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980--Continued [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(President proposes to rescind LWCF permanent
contract authority. Committee does not
concur in this proposed action.)

300 Heritage and Conservation Service

(Administrative costs) President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 18.5 18.5 18.5
Outlays ............................................................. 19.2 19.2 19.2
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 20.5 20.5 20.5
Outlays .................................................... **- 21.2 21.2 21.2
Restore funding for water resources studies, improve natural and historic landmarks programs, retain personnel and technical assistance program.

300 Collection of Recreation Fees President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 28.5 28.5 28.5
Outlays ............................................................. 28.1 28.5 28.5
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 15.9 16.5 17.2
Outlays ............................................................. 16.1 16.3 16.9
Committee does not concur in President's request to increase recreation fees.

300 Historic Preservation Fund and historic preservation funding
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 45 45 45
O utlays ............................................................. 15 20 25
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 150 150 150
Outlays ............................................................. 75 200 275
(Committee recommends full authorization funding for historic preservation grants and
historic preservation programs.)

300 National Park Service Operations President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 383 402 421
Outlays ............................................................. 372 402 421
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 394 414 436
Outlays .................................................. ....... 389 410 431






15

PRESIDENrS BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(Committee recommends maintaining current
policy funding levels based on second budget resolution for fiscal year 1979.)

300 National Park Service Construction President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 85 85 85
Outlays ............................................................. 74 85 85
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 119 120 122
Outlays ..................................................... .... 102 125 126
(Committee recommends maintaining current
policy funding levels based on second budget resolution for fiscal year 1979.)

300 Urban Parks and Recreation grants President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 150 150 150
Outlays ............................................................. 20 71 135
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 200 200 160
Outlays ............................................................. 40 110 150
(Committee recommends full authorization funding for grants program via carryover of
fiscal year 1979 authorization.)

300 Bureau of Land Management recreation
management programs President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............................................................. 18 ............................ ............................
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............................................................. 2 2 ............................ ............................
(Committee recommends additional sums for recreation management pursuant to Public
Law 94-579.)

450 Native American programs President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 99.1 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 78 .6 ............................ ............................
Committee recommendation:
B udget authority .............................................. 159.5 ............................ .............................
O utlays ............................................................. 126.9 ............................ ............................






16

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980--Continued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(Committee recommends increases of $60.4 million to restore some of the cuts in current policy funding levels in BIA housing, buildings and facilities construction, road construction, and to fund Indian child welfare, and the commercial development of Jojoba
resource.)

750 Northern Marianas Commission on
Federal Laws
President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ............................................................. 0.3 0.3 0.3
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ............................................................. 1.5 1.5 1.5
(A commission appointed by the President will
survey the laws of the United States and make recommendations to the Congress as to which laws of the United States shall be made applicable to the Northern Marianas
Islands.)

800 Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 99 57 47
Outlays ............................................................. 93 85 79
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 114 115 115
Outlays .......................................................... 100 120 117
(Committee recommends additional sums for
TTPI Capital Improvement Program, planning for the College of Micronesia, and
land use agreement.)

800 Administration of territories President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 47 59 71
Outlays ............................................................. 45 62 72
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 122 59 71
Outlays I .......................................................... 90 62 72






17

PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(Committee recommends additional sums for
Guam prison facility and Virgin Islands hospitals construction. Increases are requested for economic development funds for Guam and the Virgin Islands. Also for capital improvement programs for Guam and
American Samoa.)

850 Virgin Islands revenue shortfall President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 0 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 20 20 20
Outlays ............................................................. 20 20 20
(Committee recommends grants to offset anticipated deficits pursuant to Public Law
95-348.)

850 Guam section 30 prepayment President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 0 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Committee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 15 15 15
O utlays ............................................................. 15 15 15
(Committee recommends advance payments to
Guam of $15 million pursuant to Public
Law 95-348.)

Reflects current 1979 costs only.


PERMANENT SPENDING AUTHORITY WITHIN JURISDICTION OF
COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 provides that on or before April 15 of each year, the Committee on the Budget of each House shall report to its House the first concurrent resolution on the budget for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of that year. The







18


act requires that the report accompanying such concurrent resolution shall include, with respect to each major functional category, an estimate of budget outlays and an appropriate level of new budget authority for all proposed programs and for all existing programs (including renewals thereof), with the estimate and level for existing programs being divided between permanent spending authority and funds provided in appropriation acts. In order to facilitate the Committee on the Budget's task of dividing permanent spending authority from funds provided in appropriation acts, table 1 displays by function all permanent spending authority for fiscal years 1978 through 1980 within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.
The total amount of permanent budget authority and outlays allocated to this committee for fiscal year 1980 is 857 million and $705 million respectively.

TABLE I.-PERMANENT SPENDING AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION WITHIN JURISDICTION OF COMMITTEE ON INTERIORR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

270-Energy:
271 Energy supply:
Department of Energy Advances for Cooperative Work ........... 4,042 2,480 12,516 4,042 2,480 12,516
Southeastern Power Administration Continuing Fund .............. ............. 50 ............. ............. 50 .............
Southwestern Power Administration Continuing Fund ............. ............. 228 ............. ............. 228 .............

Total function 270 ........................................................ 4,042 2,758 12,516 4,042 2,758 12,516

300-Natural resources and environment:
301 Water resources:
Bureau of Reclamation trust funds ......................................... 4,936 12,623 5,300 4,452 10,000 8,200
Water Resources Council River Basin Commissions ................ 7,379 8,244 13,195 6,012 11,311 13,333
302 Conservation and land management:
Bureau of Land Management:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations ................................. 2,482 2,002 2,002 2,909 2,411 2,202
Miscellaneous trust funds ............................................. ......... 721 600 600 657 600 600
303 Recreational resources:
Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service:
Land and Water Conservation Fund ........................................ 30,000 30,000 30,000 ............. ............. .............
Donations ............................................................................... 5 264 264 36 264 264
National Park Service:
Commemorative Activities Fund .............................................. 252 ........... ............. 611 330 330
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations ....... ......................... 446 435 435 325 435 435
Miscellaneous trust funds ........ .............................................. 927 2,200 2,200 1,005 2,265 2,200
306 Other natural resources:
Bureau of Mines:
Contributed funds ................................................................... 731 800 800 722 800 800
Helium fund ............................................................................ ............. ............. 47,500 574 2,412 1,323

Total function 300 ........................................................ 47,879 57,168 102,296 16,155 30,828 29,687

450-Community and regional development:
451 Community development:
Department of Housing and Urban Development-Community Disposal Operations Funds ............ .................................................. ............. ............. ............. 697 620 540
452 Area and regional development:
Bureau of Indian Affairs:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations ................................. 20,981 17,000 17,000 19,040 16,000 17,000
Miscellaneous trust funds ....... ............................................... 218,630 265,000 250,900 160,673 175,200 170,972
Liquidation of Hoonah Housing Project Revolving Fund ................... ............. ............. ............. 30 55 .............
Joint Federal-State Land Use Planning Commission for Alaska
Cooperative Funds ...................................... ........ ....................... 600 431 ............. 521 555 .............







19


TABLE I.-PERMANENT SPENDING AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION WITHIN JURISDICTION OF COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRSContinued
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total function 450 ........................................................ 240,211 282,431 267,900 179,567 191,190 187,432

80"neral government:
804 General property and records management:
General Services Administration-Virgin Islands Corporation Liquidation Fund ................................................................................. ............. ............. ............. 751 667 626
806 Other general government: Office of Territorial Affairs-Office of
Com ptroller for Guam .................................................................. ............. ............. ............. 198 ............. .............
Bureau of Indian Affairs:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations ................................. 787 200 200 781 200 200
Miscellaneous trust funds ....................................................... 65,660 76,700 91,000 60,166 76,700 91,000

Total function 800 .... ................................................. 66,447 76,900 91,200 60,394 76,233 90,574

850-Revenue sharing and general purpose fiscal assistance:
852 Other general purpose fiscal assistance:
Bureau of Reclamation Miscellaneous permanent appropriations ..... 2,740 2,700 2,700 2,750 2,700 2,700
Bureau of Land Management Miscellaneous permanent appropriations .......................................................................................... 287,325 308,598 356,048 287,027 308,689 356,098
Office of Territorial Affairs:
Internal Revenue collections for the Virgin Islands ................. 24,662 24,000 ......... ... 22,171 28,826 2,360
Payments to the Virgin Islands .............................................. ............. 24,000 24,000 ............. 24,000 24,000

Total function 850 ................................ ....................... 314,727 359,298 382,748 311,948 364,215 385,158


Table 2 lists by subcommittee the total permanent spending authority within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for fiscal years 1978-80.

TABLE 2.-PERMANENT SPENDING AUTHORITY BY SUBCOMMITTEE WITHIN JURISDICTION OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Full Committee:
Bureau of Indian Affairs:
Miscellaneous Permanent Appropriations ................................................... 21,768 17,200 17,200 19,821 16,200 17,200
Miscellaneous Tribal Trust Funds ......................................................... ..... 284,290 341,700 341,900 220,839 251,900 261,972
Liquidation of Hoonah Housing Project Revolving Fund ............................. ............. ............. ............. 30 55 .............
Joint Federal-State Land Use Planning Commission for Alaskatooperative Funds ............................................................................................. 600 431 ............. 521 555 .............

Total, Full Committee ................................................................................ 306,658 359,331 359,100 241,211 268,710 279,172

Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment:
Department of Energy-Advances for Cooperative work .................................... 250 250 250 250 250 250
Department of Housing and Urban Development--Qmmunity Disposal Operations Fund .................................................................................................... ............. ............. ............. 697 620 540

Total, Energy and the Environment .............................. ............................ 250 250 250 -447 370 290

Subcommittee on National Parks and Insular Affairs:
Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service:
Land and W ater Conservation Fund ........................................................... 30,000 30,000 30,000 ............. ............. ........
Donations .................................................................................................. 5 264 264 36 264 264







20

TABLE 2.-PERMANENT SPENDING AUTHORITY BY SUBCOMMITTEE WITHIN JURISDICTION OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS-Continued
[in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

National Park Service:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations .................................................... 446 435 435 325 435 435
Miscellaneous Trust Funds ............................ ...... .............. ...................... 927 2,200 2,200 1,005 2,265 2,200
Commemorative Activities Fund .............................. .................................. 252 ............. ........ .... 611 330 330
Office of Territorial Affairs:
Office of Controller for Guam .................................................................... ............. ............. ............. 198 ............. .............
Payments to the Virgin Islands .... ................................... ......... .............. ............. 24,000 24,000 ............. 24,000 24,000
Internal Revenue Collections for the Virgin Islands .................................... 24,662 24,000 ............. 22,171 28,826 2,360
General Services Administration-Virgin Islands Corporation Liquidation Fund ... ............. ............. ............. -751 667 -626

Total, National Parks and Insular Affairs ................................................... 56,292 80,899 56,899 23,595 55,453 28,963

Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources:
Bureau of Reclamation:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations .................................................... 2,740 2,700 2,700 2,750 2,700 2,700
Trust funds ........................ ....... ........................... .............................. ... 4,936 12,623 5,300 4,452 10,000 8,200
Water Resources Council-River Basin Commissions ......................................... 7,379 8,244 13,195 6,012 11,311 13,333
Department of Energy:
Advances for Cooperative Work ..................... ............ ............ .............. 3,792 2,230 12,266 3,792 2,230 12,266
Southeastern Power Adm inistration ............................................ ...... ....... ............. 50 ........... ............. 50 .............
Southwestern Power Adm inistration ............. ......... .................................. ............. 228 ............. ............. 228 .............

Total, Water and Power Resources ................ ...................................... 18,847 26,075 33,461 17,006 26,519 36,499

Subcommittee on Public Lands:
Bureau of Land Management:
Miscellaneous permanent appropriations .................................................... 289,807 310,600 358,050 289,936 311,100 358,300
Miscellaneous tru t funds... ....................................................................... 721 600 600 657 600 600

Total, Public Lands .............................................. __ ............................ 290,528 311,200 358,650 290,593 311,700 358,900

Subcommittee on Mines and Mining:
Bureau of Mines:
Contributed funds... ................................... ...... ....... .................... ........... 731 800 800 722 800 800
Helium fund .............................................................................................. ............. ............. 47,500 574 2,412 1,323

Total, Mines and Mining ............................................. ......................... 731 800 48,300 148 3,212 2,123


Completing the permanent spending authority section on the Committee report are the narrative descriptions for each of the permanent accounts listed in table 2.

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS
(in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total .............................................................................. 21,768 17,200 17,200 19,821 16,200 17,200

Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Claims and treaty obligations .......................................................... 787 200 200 781 200 200
Acquisition of lands and loans to Indians in Oklahoma, act of June
193 6 ........................................................................................... 10 ............. ............. 146 ............. .............
Operation and maintenance, Indian irrigation systems ..................... 9,884 9,000 9,000 8,923 8,075 9,000





21

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS-Continued [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Power systems, Indian irrigation projects..... .... ........................ 11,086 8,000 8,000 9,971 7,925 8,000
Indian arts and crafts fund ....... ......... ............ .......... ... -_ ...... 1 ........ .......... .... - ....... ..... .......

Claims and treaty obligations. -Payments are made to fulfill treaty obligations with the Senecas of New York (act of February 19, 1831), the Six Nations of New York (act of November 11, 1794), and the Pawnees of Oklahoma (the treaty of September 24, 1857); and benefit claims to the Sioux Indians (acts of March 2, 1889, June 10, 1896, and June 21, 1906).
Operation and maintenance, Indian irrigation systems.-Revenues derived from charges for operation and maintenance of Indian irrigation projects are used to defray in part the cost of operating and maintaining these projects (60 Stat. 895).
Power systems, Indian irrigation projects. -Revenues collected from the sale of electric power by the Colorado River, Flathead, and San Carlos power systems are used to operate and maintain these systems (60 Stat. 895; 65 Stat. 254).
BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS-MISCELLANEOUS TRIBAL TRUST FUNDS [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total .............................................. ............... ..................................... 284,290 341,700 341,900 220,839 251,900 261,972

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS-LIQUIDATION OF HOONAH HOUSING PROJECT REVOLVING FUND [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ................................................ ......... .............. ............ .... ............. ........ ...... ..... 30 55 ...... ....

This fund was transferred from the Housing and Home Finance Agency to the Secretary of the Interior under the provisions of Public Law 85-806. The Secretary will use the funds transferred from the Housing and Home Finance Agency, along with any other revenues that may be received from the Hoonah housing project, for the purpose of liquidating this project in accordance with the provisions of the law. The deficit is expected to increase as funds are used for project liquidation.





22
JOINT FEDERAL-STATE LAND USE PLANNING COMMISSION FOR ALASKA-COOPERATIVE FUNDS [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ... ...................................... ............ ............................................. 600 43 1 ............. 521 555 .............

Section 17(a)(9)(A) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, Public Law 92-203, limits the Federal share of the expenses of the Joint Federal-State Land Use Planning Commission for Alaska to 50 percent. The State of Alaska provides for the remaining 50 percent of Commission expenses. Contribution of the cooperative funds will stop when the Commission terminates, under law, during 1979.
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-ADVANCES FOR COOPERATIVE WORK
[In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ........................................................................................................ 250 250 250 250 250 250

Washington Public Power Supply System.-Funds are advanced by the Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) to pay for services furnished in connection with the operation of WPPSS electric generating facilities at the Richland, Wash., new production reactor. The services provided by DOE contractors include lease of land, fire protection, utilities, maintenance of equipment, engineering support and estimated reactor costs chargeable to WPPSS.
DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT-COMMUNITY DISPOSAL OPERATIONS FUND [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 i978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ................................ .. .......................... ........................................ ............. ............. ............. 697 620 540

The community disposition program was established by the
Atomic Energy Community Act of 1955 to dispose of federally owned properties.
Budget program.-All sales under the program have been completed. Servicing of the mortgage inventory currently held by the Secretary will continue.
Operating results.-The deficit in the fund is expected to be $14.1 million at the end of 1980. Funds recovered and transferred to the Treasury are estimated to aggregate $84.7 million by the end of 1980.






23

HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE-LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Contract authority ...... ............................................................................. 30,000 30,000 30,000 ............. ............. .............


HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE-DONATIONS [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ........................................................................................................ 5 264 264 36 264 264


Donations from non-Federal entities support the work of the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service (16 U.S.C. 4601(h).

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total .............................................................................. 446 435 435 325 435 435

Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Educational expenses, children of employees, Yellowstone National
Park ............................................................................................ 410 410 410 293 410 410
Payment for tax losses on land acquired for Grand Teton National
Park ............................................................................................ 23 25 25 24 25 25
Operation, management, maintenance, and demolition of federally
acquired properties, Independence National Historical Park ......... 14 ............. ............. 9 ............. .............


1. Educational expenses, children of employees, Yellowstone National Park.-Revenues received from the collection of short-term recreation fees to the park are used to provide educational facilities to pupils who are dependents of persons engaged in the administration, operation, and maintenance of Yellowstone National Park (16 U.S.C. 40a).
2. Payment for tax losses on land acquired for Grand Teton National Park.-Revenues received from fees collected from visitors are used to compensate the State of Wyoming for tax losses on Grand Teton National Park lands (16 U.S.C. 406d-3).
3. Operation, management, maintenance, and demolition of federally acquired properties, Independence National Historical Park.Moneys collected from rental operations of the Irwin Building were used for the operation, management, and maintenance of this building and its subsequent demolition, as authorized in the act approved October 26, 1951 (65 Stat. 664).






24

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE-MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ........................................................................................................ 927 2,200 2,200 1,005 2,265 2,200

Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
National Park Service, donations ..................................................... 800 2,074 2,074 943 2,139 2,074
Preservation, Birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, National Park Service 3 1 1 1 1 1
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, contributions ...................... 125 125 125 62 125 125


1. National Park Service, donations.-The Secretary of the Interior accepts and uses donated moneys for purposes of the National Park System (16 U.S.C. 6). Donations amounting to $1.5 million were received from contributions during 1978. It is estimated that donations of $2.2 million will be received during 1979 and 1980.
2. Preservation, Birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, National Park Service.-This fund consists of an endowment given by the Lincoln Farm Association, and the interest therefrom is available for preservation of the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site, Ky. (16 U.S.C. 211 212). The amount of $2,540 was received in 1978.
3. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, contributions. -Pursuant to the act of May 17, 1954 (68 Stat. 98-100), as amended, the Secretary of the Interior was authorized to construct upon the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial National Historic Site, St. Louis, Mo., an appropriate national memorial to those persons who made possible the territorial expansion of the United States. Contributions are accepted from the city of St. Louis or other non-Federal sources in the ratio of $1 to each $3 of Federal appropriations.

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE-CCIMMEMORATIVE ACTIVITIES FUND
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ........................................................................................................ 252 ............. .......... 611 330 330


OFFICE OF TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS-OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER FOR GUAM [in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ......................................................................................... .............. ............. ............. ............. 198 ............. .............


Public Law 95-134 provides that effective October 1, 1977, the Government Comptroller's salary and expenses shall be paid from







25


funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of the Interior.

OFFICE OF TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS-PAYMENTS TO THE VIRGIN ISLANDS, FISCAL ASSISTANCE [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate Total ............................................. ......... ..................... ......... ........ .... 24,000 24,000 __ .... __ 24,000 24,000


Public Law 95-348 changed the way in which certain revenues collected by the IRS are made available to the Virgin Islands. Funds previously paid on a current basis, as collected, will now be paid prior to the start of the fiscal year of collection-upon enactment by the Virgin Islands of legislation changing its fiscal year to October 1 through September 30. Transactions involving these funds, which consist of excise taxes collected by IRS, have previously been displayed in the special fund, "Internal Revenue collections for the Virgin Islands." Beginning in 1980, these advance payments will be presented in this account.

OFFICE OF TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS-INTERNAL REVENUE COLLECTIONS FOR THE VIRGIN ISLANDS [in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate Total ............................... ............................ .......... 24,662 24,000 ......... ... 22,171 28,826 2,360


GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION-VIRGIN ISLANDS CORPORATION LIQUIDATION FUND [in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate Total ................................. ............ ...................... ............ ...... ....... ... ...... .... ........ __ 751 667 626


Mortgage payments are made to the Government for properties purchased from the Virgin Islands Corporation.

BUREAU OF RECLAMATION-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate Total .... ......... ......... ...... __ .......... ...... ............... ......... 2,740 2,700 2,700 2,750 2,700 2,700





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BUREAU OF RECLAMATION-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS-Continued [In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Colorado River Dam fund, Boulder Canyon project:
Payment of interest on advances from the Treasury (indefinite special fund) ...................................................... ....... 1,584 1,600 1,500 1,700 1,600 1,500
Payments to States of Arizona and Nevada (definite special
fund) ........ ........................................................................ 600 600 600 600 600 600
Operation, maintenance, and replacement of project works,
North Platte project (Gering and Fort Laramie, Goshen and Pathfinder irrigation districts) (indefinite special
fund) ................................................................................. 21 30 30 18 150 30
Payments to Farmers' irrigation district (North Platte project, Nebraska-Wyoming) (indefinite special fund) ............ 8 8 8 8 8 8
Payments to local units, Klamath reclamation area (indefinite special fund) .............................................................. 177 140 150 177 140 150
Refunds and returns (indefinite special fund) ....................... 350 322 412 246 202 412

1. Colorado River Dam fund, Boulder Canyon project-(a) Payment of interest on advances from the Treasury. -Interest is paid to the Treasury on moneys advanced for construction (43 U.S.C. 618a(b)).
(b) Payments to States of Arizona and Nevada.-Annual payments of $300,000 each are made to Arizona and Nevada, from operation of the Boulder Canyon project (43 U.S.C. 618a(c)).
2. Operation, maintenance, and replacement of project works, North Platte project. -Payments are made for replacement of project works operated and maintained by the United States and to supplement funds advanced by the water users to meet annual costs of operation and maintenance of such works (66 Stat. 755).
3. Payments to the Farmers' irrigation district (North Platte project, Nebraska- Wyoming). -Payments are made to the Farmers' irrigation district on behalf of the Northport irrigation district for water carriage (62 Stat. 273, as amended).
4. Payments to local units, Klamath reclamation area.-Certain revenues collected from the leasing of Klamath project reserved Federal lands within the boundaries of certain national wildlife refuges shall be used: (a) To credit or pay to the Tule Lake irrigation district amounts already committed; and (b) to make annual payments to the counties in which such refuges are located (78 Stat. 850).
5. Refunds and returns. -Overcollections are refunded and unapplied deposits are returned (64 Stat. 689).






27

BUREAU OF RECLAMATION-TRUST FUNDS
[in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ................................................................................... .................... 4,936 12,623 5,300 4,452 10,000 8,200


When requested the Bureau of Reclamation performs investigations or construction work with funding provided by non-Federal entities under the Contributed Funds Act (43 U.S.C. 395, 396).

WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL-RIVER BASIN COMMISSIONS
[In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ............... ...................... .............................. 7,379 8,244 13,195 6,012 11,311 13,333

Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Pacific Northwest River Basins Commission .................................... 726 1,571 1,398 494 2,110 1,462
Great Lakes Basin Commission ................. ................. .................... 1,428 1,322 1.356 1,049 1,766 1,356
New England River Basins Commission ......... .................. .............. 1,817 1,949 1,398 1,497 2,466 1,398
Ohio River Basin Commission ........................ ....................... ...... 1,045 1,374 1,031 1,025 1,816 1,105
Missouri River Basin Commission .................................................... 1,637 1,334 1,505 1,063 1,810 1,505
Upper Mississippi River Basin Commission ...................................... 726 694 6,507 884 1,343 6,507


These trust funds provide for the operation of the river basin planning commissions authorized by title II of the Water Resources Planning Act of 1965. The commissions are jointly financed by contributions from the Federal Government and member States. Included for the Upper Mississippi River Basin Commission are funds for the continued conduct of a comprehensive master plan for management of the river system.

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-ADVANCES FOR COOPERATIVE WORK [in thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Construction, operation, and maintenance:
Western Area Power Administration ...... .......... .......................... ... 3,792 2,230 12,266 3,792 2,230 12,266


Construction, operation, and maintenance, Western Area Power Administration. -When requested, the WAPA performs investigations or construction work with the funding provided by non-Federal entities under the Contributed Funds Act (43 U.S.C. 395, 396).










36-686 0 79 3







28

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-SOUTHEASTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ........................................................................................................ ............ 50 ............. ............. 50 .............


A continuing fund of $50,000, maintained from receipts from the transmission and sale of electric power in the southeastern area, is available to defray expenses necessary to insure continuity of service (16 U.S. Code 825s-2).

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-SOUTHWESTERN POWER ADMINISTRATION (In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total ....... .............................................................. ................................. ............. 228 ............. ............. 228 .............


This fund, replenished from power receipts, is available permanently for emergency expenses that would be necessary to insure continuity of service (16 U.S.C. 825s-1; 63 Stat. 767; 65 Stat. 249).

BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT-MISCELLANEOUS PERMANENT APPROPRIATIONS [In thousands of dollars]

Budget authority Outlays

1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate

Total .............................................................................. 289,807 310,600 358,050 289,936 311,100 358,300

Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Leasing of grazing lands (receipt limitations) ................................ 1 2 2 1 3 1
Payments to Coos and Douglas Counties, Oreg., from receipts
Coos Bay Wagon Road grant lands ....... ........ ........................ 1,927 2,500 2,800 1,856. 2,532 2,800
Payments to counties, Oregon and California grant lands ............... 106,045 100,000 110,000 106,045 100,000 110,000
Payments to States (proceeds of sales) (receipt limitation) .......... 547 579 607 551 582 607
Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands
outside grazing districts .............................................................. 1,159 1,245 1,483 1,250 1,314 1,483
Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands
within grazing districts .............................................. ................ 2,067 1,790 2,125 1,782 1,779 2,125
Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands
w ithin districts, m iscellaneous .................................................... 5 ............. ............. 5 2 .............
Payments to States from receipts under Mineral Leasing Act ......... 175,134 202,043 238,579 175,133 202,045 238,629 Payments to counties, national grasslands ...................................... 440 441 454 405 435 454
Expenses, Public Land Administration Act .................................... .. ............. ............. ............. 102 450 .............
Expenses, road maintenance deposits ................................... .......... 2,482 2,000 2,000 2,806 1,958 2,201


1. Leasing of grazing lands.-State, county, and privately owned grazing lands that are intermingled with public grazing lands are managed on a leased basis within the limits of receipts from such arrangements (43 U.S.C. 315m).





29

2. Payments to Oklahoma (royalties). -The State of Oklahoma is paid 37 1/2 percent of the Red River oil and gas royalties in lieu of State and local taxes on Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache tribal lands to be used for construction and maintenance of public roads and support of public schools (65 Stat. 252).
3. Payments to Coos and Douglas Counties, Oreg., from receipts Coos Bay Wagon Road grant lands.-Out of receipts from the Coos Bay Wagon Road grant lands in Oregon, payments in lieu of taxes are made to Coos and Douglas Counties for schools, roads, highways, bridges, and port districts (53 Stat. 753-754).
4. Payments to counties, Oregon and California grant lands.Fifty percent of the receipts of Oregon and California land-grant funds are paid the counties in which the lands are situated, to be used as other county funds (39 Stat. 218; 50 Stat. 876).
5. Payments to States (proceeds of sales).-The States are paid 5 percent of the net proceeds from sale of public land and public land products (31 U.S.C. 711).
6. Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands outside grazing districts.-The States are paid 50 percent of the grazing fee receipts from public domain lands outside grazing districts (43 U.S.C. 315i, 315m).
7. Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands within grazing districts.-The States are paid 121/2 percent of grazing fee receipts from grazing district lands within their boundaries (43 U.S.C. 315b, 315i).
8. Payments to States from grazing receipts, etc., public lands within grazing districts, miscellaneous. -The States are paid specifically determined amounts from grazing fee receipts from miscellaneous lands within grazing districts when payment is not feasible on a percentage basis (43 U.S.C. 315).
9. Payments to States from receipts under Mineral Leasing Act.
Alaska is paid 90 percent and other States 50 percent of the receipts from bonuses, royalties, and rentals resulting from development of mineral resources under the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 191), and from leases of potash deposits (30 U.S.C. 285), on public lands.
10. Payments to counties, national grasslands.-Of the revenues received from the use of submarginal lands, 25 percent is paid to the counties in which such land is situated, for school and road purposes (7 U.S.C. 1012).
11. Expenses, Public Land Administration Act.-Public Law 86649 approved July 14, 1960, permanently appropriated certain moneys to the Secretary of the Interior. Timber purchasers or permittees provide bond or deposit to assure fulfillment of contracts. Users of roads under jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management may make deposits for maintenance purposes. Moneys received in forfeiture of such bonds or for road maintenance are available for necessary forest improvement, protection, and rehabilitation and for road maintenance. Moneys collected on Oregon and California grant lands are available for those lands only and amounts in excess of the cost of doing the work are transferred to miscellaneous receipts (74 Stat. 507-508). The applicable provisions





30

of Public Law 86-649 were repealed by Public Law 94-579, approved October 21, 1976. New deposits for road maintenance will become available in the "Expenses, road maintenance" appropriation below. Collections for rehabilitation of damages will be available beginning in 1978 in the "Service charges,, deposits, and forfeitures" appropriation (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
12. Expenses, road main tenance. -Public Law 94-579 approved October 21, 1976, permanently appropriated certain moneys to the Secretary of the Interior. Users of roads under jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management may make deposits for maintenance purposes, and moneys collected are available for necessary road maintenance. Moneys collected on Oregon and California grant lands are available for those lands only. (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT-MISCELLANEOUS TRUST FUNDS
[In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total...................................................... 721 600 600 657 600 600
Budget authority and outlays are distributed as follows:
Land and resource management trust fund ........................... 713 599 599 656 599 599
Trustee funds, Alaska townsites....................................... 8 1 1 1 1 1

1. Land and resource management trust fund. -Applicants for conveyance of lands omitted in original surveys pay the cost of surveys and the administrative costs of conveyance. Advances are made by individuals to pay the costs of other types of surveys requested by them. Users of the Federal range and others contribute funds or make gifts for conservation practices, acquisition, protection, and other purposes (43 U.S.C. 315h, 315i, 775, 74 Stat. 506: 31 U.S.C. 711; 43 U.S.C. 759, 761, and 887; 48 Stat. 1224-1236; 90 Stat. 2758 (43 U.S.C. 1701)).
2. Trustee funds, Alaska townsites. -Amounts received from sale of Alaska town lots are available for expenses incident to the maintenance and sale of townsites (31 U.S.C. 725s; Comp. Gen. Dec. of Nov. 18, 1935).
BUREAU OF MINES-CONTRIBUTED FUNDS
[in thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ....................................................................... 731 800 800 722 800 800

Funds contributed by States, counties, municipalities, and private sources are used to conduct research and investigations to, promote the conservation, evaluation, and development of mineral resources and health and safety of miners through research.





31
BUREAU OF MINES-HELIUM FUND
[In thousands of dollars]
Budget authority Outlays
1978 1979 1980 1978 1979 1980
actual estimate estimate actual estimate estimate
Total ........................................................................................................ ............. ............. 47,500 574 1,412 1,323

The authorized purposes of the Helium Act Amendments of 1960 (50 U.S.C. 167) are to locate and develop helium reserves; to produce, sell, and distribute supplies of helium; and, within economic limits, provide a sustained supply of helium that will be sufficient to provide for essential Government activities.

BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS AND ITS SUBCOMMITTEES

COMMITTEE COMMENTS ON THEBUREAU OF INDIANAFFAIRs FISCAL YEAR1980 BUDGET
The total amount in the President's proposed budget for the Bureau of Indian Affairs is $1,333,220,000. Of that figure, $948,120,000 is annual appropriations for Indian programs and $385,100,000 are permanent and trust funds. The fiscal year 1980 request represents a $86.5 million decrease from the amount requested in fiscal year 1979.
The fiscal year 1980 Indian Affairs budget contains a serious decrease of $58.8 million for construction and major repair of schools and other facilities and for construction and improvement of irrigation systems, an equally serious cut in the BIA road construction budget of $20.9 million and a $3.3 million reduction in the operation of Indian programs. In the operation of Indian programs: Education shows a $4.4 million gain, Indian services a $3 million increase, and trust responsibilities a notable $8 million increase. The budget for economic development has been decreased by $5.3 million and the natural resources development budget by $3 million. However, the general management budget shows a rather substantial increase of $10 million.
The Committee finds it appropriate, before turning to a more careful scrutiny of the various Indian program decreases and increases, to emphasize the distinction between the amount, $948,120,000, requested for annual appropriations for the operation and administration of Indian programs, and the amount, $385,100,000, representing permanent and trust funds belonging to Indian tribes and individuals and held in trust by the United States.
The Committee notes that the Indian trust funds make up about one-fourth of the Bureau of Indian Affairs budget, and that the inclusion of this amount in the budget request tends to present an inflated picture of Federal expenditures for the benefit of Indian tribes. In fact, as the lion's share of these tribal funds are expended





32
by tribal governments on a number of socioeconomic development programs paralleling the Federal programs, it might be said that the tribes are self-sufficient to that extent. Notwithstanding the fact, that these are tribal funds and that any disbursement of these funds is a return of receipts to the tribes, an annual appropriation must be made pursuant to the act of May 18, 1916 (39 Stat. 158) in the approximate amount expected to be transferred out of trust for that fiscal year.
The President's fiscal year 1980 request of $948.1 million for the operation of Indian programs, construction, and road construction includes $262.1 million requested for Indian education. While the Committee has special oversight jurisdiction over all programs affecting Indians, the Committee will defer any comments on the Indian education budget to the Committee on Education and Labor, since Indian education falls within the legislative jurisdiction of that committee. The Committee has been advised, informally, that the Committee on Education and Labor is submitting recommended increases of $55 million for school operations and $9.5 million for adult education.
In the Indian services budget, the Committee notes with approval increases in the vital areas of aid to tribal governments (+$0.8 million), social services (+$7.2 million) with the greater percentage of the increase going to child welfare services, and law enforcement (+$1.2 million). However, the BIA housing program request of $19.2 million reflects a serious decrease of $5.5 million. The Committee views with concern any cuts in this area since there exists a well documented backlog of Indian housing needs of 60,172 new homes and approximately 30,000 Indian housing units in need of renovation as of the end of fiscal year 1978.
Clearly, the administration's proposal for 395 housing starts and 2,600 renovations to be undertaken in fiscal year 1980 constitute only a token commitment toward the administration's stated goal of eliminating substandard housing on Indian reservations.
While the BIA is not the primary provider of services in this area, there are a number of service groups, (that is the very poor, those in small reservation communities, and those in isolated areas as in Alaska) whose needs cannot be met through the Department of Housing and Urban Development programs and who are most appropriately and effectively served by the BIA housing program. The Committee therefore recommends a minimal increase of $5.5 million to at least restore the BIA housing program to current levels.
The Committee, in the course of its hearings on economic development on Indian reservations, will at a later date conduct a more comprehensive review and oversight of both the BIA and the Department of Housing and Urban Development housing programs on Indian reservations and in Alaska. The Committee has reason to believe that any slackening of effort in these programs would not only seriously affect the housing needs of Indian and Alaska Native families, but also seriously impact on employment and the economy of the reservations or villages affected by the cutbacks.





33

The Committee commends the Administration on the requests for increases in the areas of aid to tribal governments, law enforcement, and social services. The Committee is particularly pleased with the $2.3 million increase in Indian child welfare program funding, as the Committee spent considerable amount of time in the 95th Congress reviewing Bureau child welfare practices and was made aware of serious unmet needs in that field during Committee deliberations on the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.
The President's request for the BIA construction budget provides for a total of $67.7 million, which represents a very large reduction of $58.8 million from the fiscal year 1979 base of $126.5 million. While this figure includes funding for both construction of buildings (mostly schools) and facilities at $21.5 million and for irrigation systems at $46.2 million, the bulk of the reduction comes out of the budget for schools and facilities construction.
BIA estimates that there exists a backlog of $500 million of new construction, of which 85 percent is for facilities which have exceeded their useful life and which are considered unsafe and unsanitary. In addition, there is a backlog of $134 million worth of facilities improvement projects. The Bureau further states, in the fiscal year 1979 Justifications, that: "To accomplish the replacement and upgrading of facilities in a 5-year period would require an annual funding level of approximately $131 million." At the proposed funding level of $21.5 million, it would take 38 years before Indian children would be attending schools in safe and sound surroundings. Considering that the average age of the buildings in need of replacement is 40 years, there is a real question whether the projection is feasible at all.
The Bureau operates 23 previously private schools, 3 post secondary schools, 14 off reservation boarding schools, 101 reservation day schools, 53 reservation boarding schools, 16 former Bureau operated contract schools and 15 public school dormitories. While public school construction is often advocated as an alternative to BIA schools, it is not a viable alternative since State and local jurisdictions have not been able to provide sufficient educational spaces for a growing population of school age Indian children.
The Committee rejects the President's request as unrealistic and recommends a minimum increase of $25 million for buildings and utilities.
The President's road construction budget request for $58.4 million for the 26,000 miles of road and the 730 bridges which serve Indian reservations represents a reduction by about $20 million from the amount appropriated in fiscal year 1979 ($79.3 million) and a $16.9 million reduction from the fiscal year 1978 appropriation of $75.3 million.
The Committee is advised that there are about 50,000 miles of public road on the Nation's Indian reservations; of that figure 24,000 miles is maintained and improved by State and county authorities. The remaining 26,000 miles of road system consists of 13,000 miles of unimproved earth roads; 6,000 miles improved earth roads, 3,000 miles of gravel surface graded roads, and finally 4,000 miles of paved roadways. BIA is responsible for the rehabilitation





34

and improvement of this underdeveloped road system, which was described in a 1974 BIA road study as being 35 years behind surrounding rural area road systems.
In order to bring the Indian road system up to a level of comparability with surrounding rural roads, an expenditure of $1.7 billion would be needed (in 1977 dollars).
The Federal Aid to Highway Act of 1978 authorized in title 23, $83 million for each of the fiscal years 1979, 1980, 1981, and 1982 for Indian road construction. With appropriations approximating the $80 million mark, it is estimated that it would take 35 years before the Indian communities would be on a par with their neighbors in terms of transportation from homes to schools and markets. The Committee rejects any funding cuts which would serve to retard development in this sensitive area.
A standard estimate establishes the average life of these rural roads to be 25 years, and on that basis, 4 percent of all roads and bridges have to be reconstructed each year to retain the road system at the present level. The annual cost of reconstruction required to maintain the status quo is estimated at $36 million. Only amounts available over and above the $36 million; namely, $23 million in the fiscal year 1980 budget, can be used to upgrade Indian road systems. With the level of budget authority requested in the fiscal year 1980 budget, it would take the Indian road system over 70 years to reach a comparable status with surrounding road systems.
A $20 million increase would provide for 115 miles of surfacing and 100 miles of grading, 590 linear feet of bridges, and for engineering and planning for 130 miles. The Committee recommends that such an increase be made over the President's request.
The Committee recognizes that a good road system, the old farm to market concept, is one important cornerstone for tribal economic development, and that a cutback from previous levels of activity in this area would not only seriously retard the administration's long range stated goal to bring Indian roads up to comparability, but would impact most severely on reservation employment and emerging Indian construction contracting. The Committee therefore recommends the restoration of the budget authority to prior levels with an increase -of $20 million.
The Committee is exceedingly distressed with the failure of the Bureau of Indian Affairs to request funding to assist Indian tribes in the arid Southwest to commercially develop their Jojoba bean resources. The potential commercial application of the oil of the Jojoba bean, a proven substitutefor the oil derived from the sperm whale, has excited the interest of several foreign nations, including Israel, Egypt, and Mexico. Many Federal agencies are interested and private corporations and investors are seriously considering the commercial potential of such development. Yet, the Bureau of Indian Affairs has refused to go forward with assistance to the Indians. The Committee recommends the addition of $900,000 to the budget of the Bureau of Indian Affairs for fiscal year 1980 specifically to assist the interested tribes of the arid Southwest to develop that resource.





35
The budget request for the Indian Health Service is $535,116,000. The Indian Health Service is the primary, and most often the only, health resource for 760,000 Indians and Alaska Natives. While the President's request for budget authority for fiscal year 1980 represents a $40 million increase over fiscal year 1979 appropriations, the increase will serve only to meet mandatory cost increases due to inflation. As the Committee has noted in its previous reports to the Budget Committee, the President's request has yet to reflect the necessary program expansion, to deal with health care backlogs, mandated and authorized by Congress in Public Law 94-437, the Indian Health Care Improvement Act. The Committee notes with apprehension the administration's obvious lack of concern in this area.
No funding is requested for the construction of hospitals or outpatient facilities. The act outlined and authorized funding for a 5year plan to bring the 50 Indian Health Service hospitals and related facilities up to the standards set by the Joint Commission on Accreditation, yet, to date, only 62 percent of the hospitals are accredited. In other words, approximately one-third of the IHS service population will continue to be treated in outmoded, substandard, unsafe, and unsanitary facilities with "marked structural as well as equipment deficiencies"., Fifteen hospitals remain so seriously in default as to require complete replacement.
The Committee must again urge that the objectives of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act be honored and that funding be made available at the levels authorized in the act.
The Committee was encouraged by the request for $50.6 million for the provision of domestic water supplies and waste disposal facilities, as the Committee has found the lack of adequate sanitation facilities a major source of poor health and infant mortality in Indian communities. Still, this figure represents a $919,610 decrease of activity from fiscal year 1979. The Committee also was pleased to note that the IHCA is being implemented in that approximately $20 million will be collected from medicare and medicaid for services rendered by IHS to eligible Indians, and that these funds will be returned to the Indian Health Service for the upgrading of hospitals and health centers.
The Committee is recommending $51.4 million in increases over the President's request for funding for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Indian Health Service. While the Committee makes this recommendation and strongly supports this increase, or rather, reinstatement of funding level, the Committee also has become aware that increased and continuous spending of Federal funds on Indian reservations does not by itself solve the problem of substandard housing, schools, and health facilities on Indian reservations. Something more is needed.
On that order, the Committee has begun a series of oversight hearings on the potential for economic development on the reservations and on the effectiveness of the numerous programs currently serving a number of reservation needs. The Committee anticipates

'Indian Health Service Fiscal Year 1980 Justifications of Appropriations Estimates for the Committee on Appropriations.






36

that there might be established a need for a comprehensive development package, which over the next 5 or 10 years would insure that Federal dollars spent on Indian reservations would support Indian economic development, and that investments would remain on the reservation to insure further economic growth and a decreased dependency on the Federal program dollars.
If the Committee finds that such a development package would be appropriate at the conclusion of these hearings, the Committee will so advise the Budget Committee.


TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars)

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

BIA housing
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 19.2 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 14 .8 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 24.7 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 19 .0 ............................ ............................
(The $5.5 million increase recommended by the
committee would allow the BIA housing program to continue at a pace designed to
eliminate the backlog in 10 years.)

BIA construction (buildings/utilities)
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 67.7 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 50.7 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 92.7 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 70.1 ............................ ............................
(The Committee recommends a $25 million increase over the President's request in view of the $500 million backlog of unsafe and substandard schools and related facilities.)

BIA road construction
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 58.4 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 47.1 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 78.4 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 62 .6 ............................ ............................





37

TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major ism or program 1980 1981 1982

(The Committee recommends a $20 million increase to keep this program at fiscal year 1979 and fiscal year 1978 funding levels as authorized in the Federal Aid to Highways Act of 1978.)
BIA Jojoba project
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 0 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
B udget authority .............................................. 0.9 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 0 .9 ............................ ............................
(The Committee recommends funding of the
Jojoba project to assist the tribes of the arid Southwest in the exploitation of this
potentially valuable resource.)


RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

The NRC budget proposed by the President provides for fiscal year 1980 budget authority of $373,300,000 to cover salaries and expenses associated with a variety of activities involving the regulation of the commercial nuclear industry. These activities are primarily concerned with protection of the public health and safety. They include development of regulations and standards, issuance of licenses and permits, and inspection and enforcement to assure licensee adherence to regulations and licensing conditions. In addition, the NRC conducts confirmatory research programs to assess the adequacy of regulations. The NRC also licenses nuclear exports, and is responsible for assuring that licensees conform to certain antitrust laws.
The Commission's budget request does not include $500,000 authorized for fiscal year 1980 by the Uranium Mill Tailings Control Act of 1978. The act authorizes those funds for assistance to agreement States which will be in the process of upgrading substantive and procedural standards for the regulation of uranium milling and mill tailings disposal. Agreement States are expected to have begun upgrading those programs this year, and are expected to have completed implementation of new laws and regulations by late 1981 in order to retain their regulatory authorities. It was the intention of the Congress that States receive assistance as soon as






38

possible under procedural budgetary constraints. The subcommittee recommends an increase in the Commission's budget for fiscal year 1980 to insure that the previously authorized funds are appropriated.

SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977

The administration has requested a total appropriation of $195,236,000 for fiscal year 1980 which is an increase of $76,082,000 over the preceding fiscal year. Increases of $3,780,000 and $10,135,000 are requested for State and Federal regulatory programs respectively. An additional amount of $10 million is asked for small operator assistance payments. Finally, an increase of $52,167,000 is requested in the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. Total estimated receipts for this fund are $200 million in fiscal year 1980.

PAYMENTS IN LIEU OF TAXES

The original request in the President's budget for the payment in lieu of taxes program was $108 million. However, the Committee has been informed in hearings on the Bureau of Land Management budget that the original estimate failed to include an estimate for payments for lands removed from the tax rolls by legislation passed in the 95th Congress. The Committee recommends that the President's estimate be revised upward $7,300,000 in order to provide entitled benefits to governing bodies impacted by the Redwood National Park Expansion Act and other legislation.


TABLE 1.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1980
[in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major Issue or program 1980 1981 1982

270 Nuclear Regulatory Commission
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 373 377 383
Outlays ............................................................. 345 349 355
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 373 377 383
Outlays ............................................................. 345 349 355
(Authorization of appropriations for fiscal year
1980.)

270 Department of Energy
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 1,900 ............................ ............................
O utlays 1 .......................................................... 1,900 ............................ ............................
I






39

TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1980--Continued
[in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major Issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 1,900 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 1,9 0 0 ............................ ............................
(Authorization of appropriations for fiscal year
1980.)

Exclusive of offsetting receipts.


TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR NEW AND EXPANDED PROGRAMS WHICH
WOULD REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Legislative proposal 1980 1981 1982

270 Spent fuel storage fund President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 300 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 100 50 50
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 300 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 100 50 50
(New proposal would authorize the Federal Government to accept spent nuclear fuel from
utilities.)

TABLE 3.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars)

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

270 Nuclear Regulatory Commission President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 0 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. .5 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. .5 ............................ ............................





40
TABLE 3.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(Subcommittee recommends an additional sum
of $500,000 for technical assistance to States to implement the Uranium Mill Tailings Control Act of 1978.)
850 Payments in lieu of taxes
President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............................................................. 108 ill 114
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
Outlays ............................................................. 115.3 115.3 115.3
(Subcommittee recommends additional sums to
fund new PILT entitlement lands pursuant to Public Law 95-250, Redwood National Park Expansion Act, and other legislation.)

RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

PARK AND RECREATION PROGRAMS

The Subcommittee on National Parks and Insular Affairs has reviewed the proposes fiscal year 1980 budget with special attention given its responsiveness to the authorizing legislation enacted by the 95th Congress within the jurisdiction for which this subcommittee is responsible. The 95th Congress resulted in the addition of significant new areas to the National Park System, with a corresponding increased responsibility for the agency to manage these additional properties without sacrificing its responsibilities in existing programs. The Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service received an important new responsibility with the enactment of the urban park and recreation recovery program. The continuing responsibilities of the agency must not be neglected as well. The U.S. Forest Service has been charged with increased management responsibility for the Boundary Waters Canoe Area in Minnesota, as well as having authorizations increased for land acquisition in a number of areas.
Programs to protect and manage historic, natural, and recreational resources represent a lamentably miniscule fraction of the Federal budget. Conservation programs have had a long and painful history of minimal funding, compared with the substantial responsibilities directed by the Congress. The President's proposed budget for fiscal year 1980 continues to reflect this tradition.





41

The subcommittee recommends that budget levels be increased over those recommended in the administration budget in a number of instances. These recommendations should permit the amounts in the budget resolutions to be at a level which will allow the Committees on Appropriations the opportunity to review these programs in greater detail. Selective increases can then be made as appropriate.

LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND

This fund is the vehicle for most Federal land acquisition programs authorized by the subcommittee, and also is the source of Federal matching grants to support State and local programs to acquire and develop recreation lands. The subcommittee recommends that the budget level be set at the full authorized amount for this activity. In addition, the budget level should also include an additional amount to permit appropriations from the special account established by Public Law 95-42 in the Land and Water Conservation Fund. This special account authorized additional amounts for Federal land acquisition to complete existing projects in a timely manner.
The Federal agencies whose land acquisition programs depend on appropriations from the fund now have a backlog of land acquisitions estimated at over $2 billion. While the actions of the 95th Congress increased the responsibilities for land acquisition to be carried out through the fund, the 1980 budget recommends a substantial reduction in funding for this vital activity. Federal acquisitions can certainly be deferred to meet shortsighted budget targets, but the result is a substantial ultimate increase in the cost of these lands, coupled with the threat of intervening resource damage to those very areas which Congress has chosen to protect.
Several authorizing acts have included scheduled authorizations to encourage rapid acquisition of lands. In the case of the Appalachian Trail, for example, $30 million has been authorized specifically for fiscal year 1980. The administration budget would fund less than half this amount, thus preventing an effective and timely acquisition program from going forward.
The subcommittee has authorized several large increases in existing authorizations which were necessary due to the rapid increases in land values which occurred in authorized areas while land acquisition programs were deferred. In the cases of Sawtooth National Recreation Area in Idaho and Cumberland Island National Seashore in Georgia, the necessary increases nearly tripled the amounts of the original authorization. Delays of this nature and the increased costs which accompany them are wasteful and unnecessary.
The matching grants portion of the Land and Water Conservation Fund is also important to fulfill the intent of Congress in providing recreation opportunities. These grants have enabled State and local governments to acquire and develop recreation lands to serve communities effectively. Without these programs, much of the burden would fall to the Federal Government. The grants are





42
important not only for the matching money they attract for acquisition and development, but also for the continuing commitment to manage and maintain recreation facilities which they have brought forth from other levels of government.
The subcommittee therefore recommends that the budget allowance for the Land and Water Conservation Fund be set at the authorized figure of $900 million for fiscal year 1980. In addition, a budget allowance of $100 million should be included for the special account in the fund authorized by Public Law 95-42. These recommendations will afford the Appropriations Committee the opportunity to more fully consider the effects of various budget levels on these programs. The subcommittee also recommends that the existing contract authority under the Land and Water Conservation fund be retained as authorized, in the event that it may prove needed at some future time.

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

The National Park Service received important new responsibilities from the 95th Congress. The authorization of new units of the System, and the expansion of existing areas, mean that the agency will have greater needs for personnel and operating funds than ever before.
Existing park programs should not be stripped in order to fund and staff the new areas. As has been amply documented before, agency resources are already stretched thin to perform important resources management, maintenance, and other functions. With respect to recently authorized areas, the supporting parties for these units anticipated that there would be an operating unit to provide for protection and visitor use of these areas. At least minimum operations at these new units should commence as rapidly as possible. It should also be noted that the President's action in establishing national monuments in Alaska carries with it a responsibility to manage and protect these areas. The subcommittee recommends that the budget level for operation of the National Park System be continued at $394 million consistent with the second budget resolution previously adopted. This is $11 million above that recommended by the administration budget, and will permit examination by the Appropriations committees of any additional staffing and operating needs of the agency.
The subcommittee also recommends that the budget authority for National Park Service construction be at the level recommended in the second budget resolution, $119 million, as opposed to the $85 million in the administration budget.
The subcommittee notes that the estimated amount to acquire the real property of the Yellowstone Park Co. is included in the submitted budget, and encourages early action by the National Park Service in proceeding with this program, authorized by the National Park and Recreation Act of 1978, Public Law 95-625. Early action to acquire these facilities will permit work to go forward for renovating the visitor facilities in the world's first nation-





43

al park. The Appropriations Committees may wish to consider additional funding to accelerate this renovation program, as well as examining other approved construction projects which have been deferred by the budget as submitted.
The subcommittee recommends that the account entitled "Planning, Development, and Operation of Recreation Facilities" be funded only at its existing level. The administration budget proposes to increase this account by over $12 million by raising charges for entrance and use of Federal park facilities. The subcommittee objects to this increase in charges for admission to properties purchased and maintained with Federal funds. The maintenance items included in this account should properly be funded through the usual operations account within the National Park Service.
The subcommittee notes with strong support, the budget request of an $800,000 increase for the conduct of new area studies. The subcommittee expects that an increase of such amount would result in a significantly increased professional product being submitted annually to the Congress in the form of completed comprehensive studies on prospective new National Park System units, as is now required by law. The subcommittee strongly rejects the implication that a proposed increase in visitor park entrance and use fees will constitute the source for such funding increase, and rather supports direct funding for these studies.

HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE

The Land and Water Conservation Fund, which has been separately discussed, is administered by this agency. In addition to the recommendation for the Fund, the subcommittee recommends that an additional $2 million be included in the budget ceilings for increased operating programs for the Service. Several operating areas of the agency are of particular concern to the subcommittee. While the increase in dollar terms recommended here is relatively small, the additional capacity these amounts would allow in the service should be most useful. The additional funding should cover additional personnel to permit these programs to function effectively.
The service has active programs in reviewing and recommending resources for designation as historic and natural national landmarks. The identification of these resources is critical to enhancing the opportunities for protecting them through various means, and an additional $1 million committed to these activities would pay important dividends.
The water resources studies function in HCRS was cut back severely in the administration budget. The subcommittee recommends that consideration be given by the Appropriations Committees to funding this program at approximately the level included in fiscal year 1979. This is another area where a relatively small investment in terms of the total operating budget can pay useful dividends in t e projects which HCRS is able to participate in. The $1



36-686 0 79 4





44
million included for this function should also be directed to include additional personnel to carry out this program.
While the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service is a small agency, and the budget increases recommended by this subcommittee are miniscule in terms of the total Federal budget, it is important to note here that this investment in personnel can yield important results in developing the expertise of the agency in these endeavors and encouraging full performance in these program areas.
The subcommittee notes and supports the administration's intention to request $3,566,000 at a later date to support the natural component of the national heritage program which will be submitted soon as a legislative authorization proposal.
The urban park and recreation recovery program, authorized by Public Law 95-625, is proposed to be funded at $150 million for fiscal year 1980. This commitment to this new program is commendable. The subcommittee recommends that an additional $50 million be included in the budget ceiling for this activity. This will permit consideration of a more adequate response to applications from qualifying localities in implementing the single portion of the President's urban program which has been enacted into law.

HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMS

The Historic Preservation Fund, authorized by Congress in 1976, is the source of matching grants to States and localities, and also supports the activities of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service administers the fund and related activities.
The subcommittee recommends that the budget allow for the full authorized amount for the fund, thereby allowing the Appropriations Committee an opportunity to determine a suitable final appropriation level. The subcommittee notes that the President's budget represents a decrease of some $15 million from the 1979 appropriation. The use of matching grants from the fund has stimulated many additional commitments to preservation activities. This trend should be continued through adequate federal funding.
In addition to the level of appropriations for this function, an additional question which the Appropriations Committee may wish to address is that of directing the historic preservation grants for planning purposes to be funded at up to 70 percent from the Federal side. This action should stimulate State and local activities to improve their ability to make effective use of grants from the fund.

MISCELLANEOUS

The subcommittee also wishes to note that, while the operating budget of the U.S. Forest Service is not considered in detail in this report, the specific authorizations made by the act establishing the Boundary Waters Canoe Area wilderness should be considered in setting budget priorities for the coming year. The Federal share of the cooperative program of intensive forest management with the





45

State of Minnesota should be fully funded, as should the program to develop additional recreation opportunities in the Superior National Forest. Appropriations should also be made available to accommodate any resort owner as defined by the Boundary Waters Act who wishes to take advantage of the owner-initiated sale provison as authorized.

TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [in millions of dollars]
Estimate
Mao( issue or program 1980 1981 1982

30 Land and Water Conservation Fund President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 610 850 950
Outlays ............................................................. 486 696 858
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 900 1,200 1,200
Outlays ............................................................. 750 900 1,200
Committee recommends full authorized amount
to continue Federal acquisition of authorized areas, and to fund matching grants
for State and local park programs.

300 Land and Water Conservation Fund
Contract Authority
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 30 0 0
Outlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 30 30 30
O utlays ............................................ ................ 30 30 30
President proposes to rescind permanent contract
authority. Committee does not concur in
this proposed action.

300 Public Law 9542
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 0 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 0 0 0
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 100.0 42.6 0
Outlays ............................................................. 47.5 77.6 17.5
Committee recommends continued use of this
account to complete acquisition programs.

300 Urban Parks and Recreation Grants President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 150 150 150
O utlays ............................................................. 20 71 135
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 200 200 160
Outlays ............................................................. 40 110 150





46

TABLE 1.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Committee recommends budget covering appropriation of amounts carried over from fiscal
year 1979.

300 Heritage Recreation and Conservation
Service Administrative Costs President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 18.5 18.5 18.5
O utlays ............................................................. 19.2 19.2 19.2
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 20.5 20.5 20.5
O utlays ............................................................. 21.2 21.2 21.2
Committee recommends additional amount to
support natural and historic landmarks programs; continuation of water resources
studies, technical assistance program.

300 Collection of recreation fees President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 28.5 28.5 28.5
O utlays ............................................................. 28.1 28.5 28.5
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 15.9 16.5 17.2
O utlays ............................................................. 16.1 16.3 16.9
Committee recommends no increases in Federal
recreation fee structure; CBO 2d resolution.

300 Historic Preservation Fund President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 45 45 45
O utlays ............................................................. 15 20 25
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 150 150 150
Outlays ...................................................... ...... 75 200 275
Committee recommends budget level allow for
authorized level of funding to support
matching grants program.

300 Operation of National Park Service President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 383 402 421
Outlays ............................................................. 372 402 421
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 394 414 436
Outlays .............................................................. 389 410 431





47

TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Committee increase to permit staffing and operation of newly authorized areas without taking personnel and funds from existing
areas; conform to CBO 2d resolution.
300 National Park Service Construction
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 85 85 85
outlays ............................................................. 74 85 85
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 119 120 122
Outlays ............................................................. 102 125 126
Committee increase will permit continuation of rehabilitation and construction approved as Bicentennial Land Heritage program; conforms to CBO 2d resolution.


TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS

GENERAL NARRATIVE

The President's fiscal 1980 budget requests $169,814,000 in appropriations for territorial affairs activities. This is a decrease of about $59.0 million from fiscal year 1979.
Principal categories to be financed in the fiscal year 1980 request are $99,010,000 for the trust territory government, $20,699,000 for the Northern Mariana Islands government, and $16,308,000 for American Samoa.
Included in the budget is $3 million for Guam ($500,000 for the Guam Economic Development Fund and $2,500,000 for the construction of a water project), $300,000 for the Federal Laws Commission for the Northern Marianas, $24 million in advance payments for fiscal 1980 on the rum excise tax collected in the Virgin Islands (as authorized in Public Law 95-348) and $2,400,000 for architectural and engineering costs for the Virgin Islands hospitals.

FISCAL YEAR 1980 APPROPRIATIONS FOR TTPI

The fiscal year 1980 estimate of $99,010,000 for the trust territory represents a decrease of $9.7 million from the fiscal year 1979 level: $3 million less for operations and $6.7 million less for capital improvements.
Since a total of $112 million for fiscal 1980 was authorized in Public Law 95-134, the subcommittee urges the appropriation of an





48
additional $10 million for capital improvements and seeks the restoration of the $3 million cut in operations, both as amendments to the fiscal 1980 budget.
Additionally, it recommends that the $300,000 authorized in Public Law 95-134 for community projects in Rongelap, Utirik, and Bikini be included in either a fiscal 1979 supplemental or added as an amendment to the fiscal 1980 budget.
Of the $15 million authorized for the Bikinians in Public Law 95-348, $9 million remains available for appropriation. Out of this amount, the subcommittee, preferably in a fiscal 1979 supplemental bill, seeks an appropriation of $1.5 million in cash for the Bikini people who have incurred much suffering as a result of the U.S. nuclear tests and who are unlikely to be allowed to return to Bikini Island for another 50 years or so. Additionally, $2 million is sought in fiscal 1979 as well as $2 million in fiscal 1980 to cover part of the construction costs of a permanent dock on Kili, the island on which the Bikini people have been relocated and which does not have a lagoon. The absence of a lagoon makes it impossible to fish and go to and from the island at certain times of years and if the Bikini people are to live normal life year-round on Kili, they must be provided with this dock.
All of the above appropriations are particularly timely if the negotiations currently going on between the Micronesian governments and the U.S. Government are to result in the termination of the UN trusteeship at any reasonable date in the future. Also in connection with the negotiations, the subcommittee urges the appropriation of $6 million in a fiscal 1979 supplemental to aid in covering the costs of the transition period for the trust territory government. Already, legislative separation of the districts in the trust territory has taken place. The process of shifting the government from its centralized location in Saipan to each of the three Micronesian entities (the four middle districts which comprise the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshalls, and Palau) will require funding. The Northern Marianas government, during its transition period, received $1.5 million. Given the distance between the three Micronesian entities, $6 million seems to be a reasonable if not low figure.
At Majuro, in the Marshall Islands, TTPI, the present hospital which serves some 28,000 people is in total disrepair and has been cited as an example of U.S. neglect of its trusteeship by various U.S. newspapers and in a documentary shown on one of the major TV networks. Contained in the President's budget for fiscal 1980 is $2.4 million for renovation of the existing dilapidated structure. The subcommittee understands that a total of $8.5 million would be needed in order to construct a new hospital, which would better serve the people of that area, and therefore urges the Appropriations Committee to approve this $8.5 million in the fiscal 1979 supplemental, or failing that, to add $6.1 million to the $2.4 million in the fiscal 1980 budget and approve the entire amount. Existing unused authorizations for the TTPI would cover this appropriation.
In addition to the above, the subcommittee recommends the following be added as amendments to the fiscal 1980 budget:




49

1. $1.5 million for indefinite land use agreements: With an end to the trusteeship in mind, the trust territory government needs to tie up all the loose ends as regards use agreements with landowners out there. Many landowners in the past allowed the trust territory government, for a minimal amount of rent or perhaps for no rent at all, to take land they owned and build a school or a post office on it or use it for some other public purpose. $1.5 million is needed to enable the United States-through the trust territory government-to meet its obligation in seeing that these landowners are fairly compensated for the Government's use of their land.
2. $1 million for College of Micronesia: $8 million was authorized in Public Law 95-255 for a College of Micronesia. A Presidential study, completed and sent to the Congress in 1977, recommended various steps to be taken before any of the $8 million was appropriated. We understand that the initial requirements have been complied with and that the college is now eligible for some planning money. Therefore, we would recommend that $1 million be appropriated for program and construction planning in fiscal 1980.
Additionally, the current facilities of the college, we are informed, must be upgraded or the accreditation long sought and fiinally obtained by the college will be lost in 1980. We urge the $1 million of the existing unused authorizations for the trust territory be appropriated in the fiscal 1979 supplemental to be used in renovating the existing buildings.

MICRONESIAN CLAIMS

With the enactment of Public Law 95-465, the Interior Department appropriations for fiscal 1979, the $12.6 million owed the Micronesian people for the settlement of title II claims was appropriated. In December of 1979 checks were distributed to the people who had adjudicated claims against the United States. There still remains, however, the problem of some $24 million in claims to be paid under title I of the Micronesian Claims Act of 1971 (85 Stat. 96). In 1977 the Congress enacted Public Law 95-134 stating that the United States would pay the claims due under title I provided the Japanese Government came up with their share. Since Japan has taken no steps to date in the matter, we believe that the least that the U.S. Government can do is to pay 50 percent of the money owed without any conditions. Legislation to authorize payment in this manner will be introduced in the Congress. Since passage is anticipated, it is hoped that the Appropriations Committee will see its way clear to providing $12 million for this purpose in an amendment to the fiscal 1980 budget.

FISCAL 1980 APPROPRIATIONS FOR NORTHERN MARIANAS

The Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas, for administrative purposes, came into being on January 9, 1978. On that date, article VII of the Covenant To Establish A Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States (Public Law 94-241) also became effective.




50
Article VII of the covenant provides for direct multiyear appropriations to the government of the Northern Marianas for an initial period of 7 years, the first of which began with fiscal 1979. $18,806,000 is the amount of grant assistance to be provided to the Northern Marianas in fiscal 1980. Of this amount, $11,082,000 is for government operations, $5,373,000 is for construction, and $2,351,000 is for the economic development loan fund.
Inflation adjustments to this fiscal 1980 amount will be sought in future appropriations bills.
Besides two inflation adjustments to the basic grant funding (one for fiscal 1978 and one for fiscal 1979) that are due the Northern Marianas government and should be included in a fiscal 1979 supplemental, the subcommittee urges the Appropriations Committee to include $12 million for the Northern Marianas' powerplant and the upgrading, rehabilitation, or replacement of distribution facilities as authorized in Public Law 95-348. The subcommittee once again reiterates its support for the appropriation of this money as soon as possible. Continuing delay only exacerbates the problems we cited in our fiscal 1979 report to the Budget Committee.
All of these problems (return of their power barge to the Corps of Engineers in 1979, lack of adequate power when the power barge is removed, and the need for reliable power in order to entice businesses to locate there) still remain.
The other top priority for the Northern Mariana Islands is the construction of a proper hospital. The present hospital is woefully inadequate to meet the growing needs of the Northern Marianas, and it is hoped that the Appropriations Committee will amend the 1980 budget to provide approximately $23 million to build a new facility. The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare has been studying the critical health care situation out there and can document the crisis situation that exists, and cite all the reasons why the money should be included in the fiscal 1980 appropriations bill.
Section 504 of the covenant (Public Law 94-241) authorizes the establishment of a Commission on Federal Laws to "survey the laws of the United States and to make recommendations to the United States Congress as to which laws of the United States not applicable to the Northern Mariana Islands should be made applicable and to what extent and in what manner." Seven members, to be appointed by the President, will serve on the Commission, which will make periodic reports and recommendations to the Congress, culminating with a final report within 1 year after the termination of the trusteeship agreement.
Because of the numbers of laws involved and the complexity of many of them, particularly those dealing with the Internal Revenue Code, the subcommittee does not believe that $300,000 is an adequate sum of money to finance properly the work of the Commission, and is therefore requesting that the sum of $1.5 million be appropriated instead.





51
HEALTH CARE NEEDS FOR GUAM

Public Law 95-348 authorized for Guam an additional $10 million over the money authorized in Public Law 95-134 to meet health care needs in Guam. In a study done for the government of Guam and funded by GovGuam and HEW, Guam's health care needs were identified. Some of these needs require:
1. $5 million to rehabilitate and upgrade the old Guam Memorial Hospital. With the Medical Center of the Marianas (MCM) to be used as planned to provide acute health care, Guam Memorial Hospital will now become a hospital for long-term care patients. In order to meet this responsibility, money is needed to renovate the old structure.
2. $3 million to enable the government of Guam to purchase new equipment and make minor modifications on the MCM building.
3. $2 million to allow the Guam government to return to its economic development fund money borrowed in order to pay for the transfer of patients from Guam Memorial Hospital to MCM, and the operating costs of MCM until the purchase is finalized.
The subcommittee urges that this $10 million be included in a fiscal 1979 supplemental, or failing that, as an amendment to the fiscal 1980 budget.

GUAM ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND
Guam continues to need assistance from the Federal Government in order to develop the private sector of its economy. Appropriating money for the economic development fund is the most constructive way to aid Guam in providing financial help to local businesses and organizations that will stimulate Guam's economy by providing jobs and income for the people and developing local resources.
The President's budget recommends that $500,000 be appropriated in fiscal 1980 for the Guam Economic Development Fund. The subcommittee recommends that this appropriation be increased to $1 million. The latter amount is what was appropriated in fiscal 1979 and is what the authorization committees intended Guam to have on a yearly basis back in 1968 when the original act was enacted.

GUAM CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM
As far as capital improvements go, only $2.5 million for a water project has been included in the President's fiscal 1980 budget for Guam. With a long backlog of construction projects, including essential water and sewer projects, the Guam government could without any difficulty use $10 million in fiscal 1980 and therefore the subcommittee recommends the appropriation of this amount.

GUAM PRISON
Guam sorely needs new prison facilities. The current structure accommodates over twice the number of prisoners for which it was





52
designed. As a consequence, hardened criminals commingle with first offenders. Since individual cells are lacking, widespread terror occurs every night wherein each prisoner fears for his very life. Already since the beginning of the year, one inmate has been murdered while he slept; and to this day, the culprit still goes undetected in the prison dormitory. In these cramped conditions, feeding must be done in shifts, resulting in cold meals and improper diet. The threat of riot is ever present. Prison officials admit that due to overcrowding and faulty design, a riot would quickly spread, threatening bodily harm to innocent bystanders. In the interest of humanity as well as in sound rehabilitative procedures, new construction is demanded. Accordingly, it is recommended that $9 million be appropriated in fiscal year 1980 for new prison facilities.

PREPAYMENT FOR GUAM

Public Law 95-348 authorized in advance the payment into the Guam treasury of the estimated total amount of section 30 funds that would normally accrue to Guam over the period of one fiscal year. Receipt of these advance payments was conditioned on the Guam Legislature changing Guam's fiscal year (July 1 through June 30) to conform with the Federal fiscal year.
In June of 1978, a bill passed by the Guam Legislature to bring about this change was signed into law by the Governor. This law provides that beginning October 1, 1979, Guam's fiscal year will coincide with the Federal fiscal year. Its old fiscal year comes to an end this June 30. As a result, Guam is eligible to receive the advance payments on its section 30 funds.
Since an estimated $15 million is collected under section 30 in one fiscal year, this amount by law must be made part of the fiscal 1980 budget.
Like the Virgin Islands, there is one interim quarter, between the end of the old fiscal year (June 30) and the beginning of the new fiscal year (October 1), for which they would qualify for an advance payment of approximately $3.8 million, a sum which by law needs to be part of the fiscal 1979 supplemental.

VIRGIN ISLANDS HOSPITALS
In Public Law 95-348, enacted in 1978, the Congress authorized $52 million for construction of hospital and health facilities in the Virgin Islands: a new hospital on St. Croix and also on St. Thomas; a smaller facility on St. John; and renovation of existing facilities for administrative purposes. The present buildings have been judged to be hazardous to the health and safety of patients, and structural and operational deficiencies exist. Their locations and inefficient floor plans bar further expansion. Concern over adequate health facilities in the Virgin Islands is further heightened by the fact that accreditation, HEW grants, and payments for medicare/medicaid, veterans, and other programs are in constant jeopardy because of the chronic deficiencies in the existing facilities.





53

The President's fiscal 1980 budget contains $2.4 million of the $52 million authorized to cover architectural and engineering costs of designing the new health facilities. Given the situation, we recommend that the appropriation of this $2.4 million be moved up to the fiscal 1979 supplemental, and that the rest of the authorization-$49.6 million-be added to the fiscal 1980 budget.

PREPAYMENT FOR VIRGIN ISLANDS

While the fiscal 1980 budget contains $24 million in advance payments for excise taxes collected on rum, the Virgin Islands government also qualifies for one additional advance. With the change in their fiscal year taking place as a result of a bill signed into law by the Governor on January 05, 1979, the old fiscal July-1-throughJune-30-year comes to an end this June 30. Between the end of the old fiscal year, June 30, and the beginning of the new fiscal year, October 1, there is one interim quarter for which they would qualify for an advance payment of $6 million, which should by law be put into the fiscal 1979 supplemental.

VIRGIN ISLANDS REVENUE SHORTFALL

The Virgin Islands, which under their Organic Act are required to maintain a balanced budget, continue to face a serious fiscal crisis. This situation has arisen, at least in part, from the Virgin Islands government's inability to regulate its own revenues. Income taxes are collected in the Virgin Islands in accordance with the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, and in turn are covered into the Virgin Island's treasury. Consequently, whenever Congress reduces the amount of taxes that U.S. citizens must pay, the Virgin Islands government experiences a dramatic loss in local revenue. This loss, combined with a number of other factors including the impact of inflation, the underdeveloped private sector of the economy, and the failure of the U.S. Treasury to return excise taxes collected on gasoline refined in the islands all contribute to the shortfall in their annual budgets. The estimated annual shortfall in revenue per year is estimated at $20 million. Therefore, as authorized in Public Law 95-348, the subcommittee recommends that this amount be included in both the fiscal 1979 supplemental and the fiscal 1980 budget.

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR VIRGIN ISLANDS

Public Law 95-348 authorized $5 million to be paid to the government of the Virgin Islands for the purposes of promoting economic development. Over the years, the Virgin Islands have become overly dependent upon the tourist industry, resulting in an unbalanced economy. To overcome this serious deficiency, the subcommittee recommends that $1 million be added to the fiscal year 1979 supplemental and $1 million be included in the fiscal year 1980 budget to stimulate the ingenuity of local entrepreneurs, to capital-




54
ize upon the latent talents of the islanders, and to create diversity in the islands' economy.

AMERICAN SAMOA

The President's fiscal year 1980 budget request for American Samoa is $16,308,000, of which $680,000 is allocated as direct congressional appropriations for the judicial branch of American Samoa, and $15,628,000 as grant-in-aid provided by the'Department of the Interior to be used to cover basic operations of the local government.
The President did not request any funds for American Samoa's capital improvement program (CIP) for fiscal year 1980. The subcommittee takes exception to this determination in the President's budget, given the fact that American Samoa is critically in need of improvements in its CIP activities. Such improvements are of paramount importance to the development of the territory's economic future and stability. For example, with the needed improvements of the harbor and port facilities, American Samoa should be collecting, by 1983, as much as $14 million annually under its local port administration authority. Furthermore, an improved dry dock (marine railway) facility could also serve as another basic source of revenue for the government to provide maintenance services to some 200 fishing vessels and other boats from nearby island territories or countries. Accordingly, the subcommittee recommends the following for American Samoa's 1980 budget request as part of its capital improvement program, in addition to the $16,308,000 requested by the President:
(1) $4 million for the expansion of the wharf, container
yard, and bulkheads to accommodate the local interisland
boats and vessels;
(2) $2 million to expand and renovate the dry dock facilities;
(3) $500,000 for the construction of about 12 facilities
where schoolchildren could eat their lunch meals;
(4) $1 million for the construction of seawalls along the
territory's coastal highways;
(5) $1 million for the general operations of the territorial
government; and
(6) $1 million to accelerate the comprehensive water
study program currently under implementation by the
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
The subcommittee further recommends that the Secretary of the Interior, within his existing authority, provide approDri-ate guidelines to implement the needed programs. No new aui6orization is needed for the $9.5 million increase recommended by the subcommittee. Sufficient authority exists under 48 U.S.C. 1661; 46 Stat. 4 (Executive Order 10264, 16 C.F.R. 6419).






55

TABLE I.-LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES OF CONGRESS FOR FISCAL YEARS 1980, 1981, AND 1982 [in millions of dollars]
Estimate
Identify Initiative 1980 1981 1982
Northern Marianas Hospital:
Budget authority .............................................. 23 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 9 7 7
(To build a modern hospital facility for the
Northern Marianas Islands. (See narrative.) )
Micronesian claims:
Budget authority .............................................. 12.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ............................................................. 12.0 ............................ ............................
(For payment of 50 percent of title I claims
owed Micronesians (See narrative))

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
Trust Territory:
Capital improvement program:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 51.7 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................. ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 69.8 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 35.9 33.9 ............................
(To restore $10 million in cuts and add $6.1
million to $2.4 million requested to build new hospital in Majuro and $2 million for Kili dock facility. ($8.5 million is possible
fiscal 1979 supplemental.))
Operations grants:
President's request:
Bud et authority ............................ 46.1 ............................ ............................
outl:ys ........................................... 46.1 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 49.1 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 49.1 ............................ ............................
(To restore OMB cuts to DOI original request.)
Rongelap; Utirik and Bikini:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
2
Budget authority ............................ 0.3 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 0.3 ............................ ............................




56

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980--Continued [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
($100,000 per island community. (Possible
fiscal year 1979 supplemental.))
Indefinite land use agreements:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 1.5 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 1.5 ............................ ............................
(Compensation to landowners for government's
use of privately owned land for public purposes. (See narrative.))
College of Micronesia:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 1.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 1.0 ............................ ............................
(For program and construction planning. (See
narrative.) )
Northern Mariana Islands:
Covenant grant assistance:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 18.8 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 18.8 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 15.0 3.8 ............................
(As provided for in Public Law 94-241. (See
narrative.) )
Federal Laws Commission:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0.3 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 1.5 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 1.5 ............................ ............................
(To study U.S. laws and determine whether they
should or should not apply to the Northern
Marianas. (See narrative.) Guam:
Capital improvement program:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 2.5 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 19.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 12.0 7.0 ............................




57

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued [In millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
(To finance capital improvements, including
water and sewer projects (includes $9 million for a new Guam prison).)
Health care needs:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 10.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 8.0 2.0 ............................
(To meet a variety of essential health care
needs in Guam (possible fiscal year 1979
supplemental). (See narrative.)
Economic development fund:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ .5 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 1.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ......................................... :, 1.0 ............................ ............................
(To provide financial assistance to local businesses and organizations. (See narrative.) )
Prepayment for Guam:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 15.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 15.0 ............................ ............................
(To provide Guam with an advance on section
30 funds to which it is entitled.) Virgin Islands:
Hospitals:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 2.4 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 49.6 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 16.3 21.8 10.6
(For construction of hospital and health facilities
in the Virgin Islands. (See narrative.)
Prepayment:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 24.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 24.0 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 24.0 ............................ ............................
Outlays ........................................... 24.0 ............................ ............................





58

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued [in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
(To provide Virgin Islands with an advance on
rum excise taxes it will collect in fiscal
year 1980.)
Revenue shortfall:
President's request:
B udget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 20.0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... 20.0 ............................ ............................
(To help the Virgin Islands Government meet an
anticipated budget deficit. (See narrative.) )
Economic development:
President's request:
B udget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 1.0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... 1.0 ............................ ............................
(To encourage the development of local businesses. (See narrative.)
American Samoa:
Capital improvement program:
President's request:
B udget authority ............................ 0 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... ............................ ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 9.5 ............................ ............................
O utlays ........................................... 5.0 4.5 ............................
(To provide for a variety of needed capital improvements. (See narrative.))



RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON WATER AND POWER RESOURCES
BUREAU OFRECLAMATION

The President's budget request for the Bureau of Reclamation for fiscal year 1980 totals approximately $752 million. This represents an increase of approximately $134 million over Q President's budget request for fiscal year 1979 of $618 million. Although endorsing the concept of expanding the budget authority for, and hence, the action program capability of the Bureau of Reclamation, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources notes that the fiscal year 1980 increase is largely illusionary since the budget request includes $115,400,000 for full funding of the McGee Creek





59
project, Oklahoma, while only $5 million of that sum will actually be utilized during fiscal year 1980.
To adequately reflect actual utilization of McGee Creek project funds and to insure that the sums requested for the Bureau of Reclamation are truly presented, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources recommends that $110 million be deleted from the construction and rehabilitation portion of the Bureau of Reclamation's budget authority for fiscal year 1980, with $5 million in budget authority remaining in fiscal year 1980 for the McGee Creek project. This change requires, and the subcommittee recommends, that $21.1 million be added in fiscal year 1981 and $25 million be added in fiscal year 1982 to the budget authority requests for Bureau of Reclamation construction and rehabilitation for the McGee Creek project. No adjustments in outlays are necessary for fiscal years 1980, 1981 and 1982 because of these changes regarding McGee Creek.
During the second session of the 95th Congress, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources handled legislation which was eventually enacted as Public Law 95-578. Section 6 of that law authorized and directed the Secretary of the Interior to reimburse the Salt River project for expenses incurred to modify Bartlett Dam for dam safety purposes. Section 7 of that law authorized and directed the Secretary of the Interior to pay certain irrigation spaceholder contracting entities the costs associated with the replacement of the American Falls Dam. Finally, section 9 of that law directed the Secretary of the Interior to study the feasibility of rehabilitating and improving the Santa Cruz Dam and Reservoir. The Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources notes with disapproval that no moneys to carry out the mandates of these sections of Public Law 95-578 have been included in the President's budget requests for the Bureau of Reclamation for fiscal year 1980. Accordingly, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources, based on the best available data, recommends that the fiscal year 1980 budget authority and outlay requests for construction and rehabilitation for the Bureau of Reclamation both be increased by the sum of $22.2 million, with $3 million of this sum to be utilized in connection with Bartlett Dam and the remainder ($19.2 million) for American Falls Dam. In addition, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources recommends that the fiscal year 1980 budget authority and outlay requests for general investigations for the Bureau of Reclamation both be increased by the sum of $50,000 to carry out the Santa Cruz Dam and Reservoir study. The sum of $250,000 should be added to these budget items for fiscal year 1981 and $200,000 for fiscal year 1982 to carry out and complete this study.
Other than these above-mentioned items, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources generally supports the President's budget request for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982. In addition, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources plans to move legislation which would amend title I of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act (88 Stat. 266) in accordance with the President's budget request.



36-686 0 79 5





60
FEDERAL POWER MARKETING AGENCIES
The Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources generally supports and concurs in the President's budget requests for the Federal power marketing agencies (Alaska, Bonneville, Southeastern, Southwestern, and Western Area Power Administrations) for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982. However, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources notes that the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) has encountered serious problems since it was created in late 1977 to carry out the power marketing and transmission functions formerly lodged within the Bureau of Reclamation. Most of these problems have stemmed from the fact that WAPA has been unable to obtain staff at a level sufficient to insure that it will be able to function in a reliable and consistent manner. This insufficient staffing problem has been caused by inadequate transfer of personnel from the Bureau of Reclamation and hiring freezes within the Department of Energy. The Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources is concerned with this staffing deficiency and, accordingly, recommends increasing the President's budget authority and outlay requests for each of the fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 for WAPA by $3 million to allow it to obtain 100 additional personnel.

OFFICE OF WATER RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY

The Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources generally concurs with the President's budget requests for research and development but recommends a more realistic commitment to the desalting demonstration program as authorized by Public Law 95-84 and Public Law 95-467. The Office of Water Research and Technology (OWRT) requests $340,000 in fiscal year 1980 for completion of the design planning on one of the two demonstration plants for which sites are already selected. The subcommittee recommends an increase of $340,000 for completion of design planning on the second plant as well. The President requests no fiscal year 1980 funding for construction. The subcommittee recommends the addition of $12.4 million for construction of both plants. With site evaluation and selection already completed, and with 8 months yet remaining in calendar year 1979 in which to complete the design planning, the subcommittee is convinced that OWRT can and should have the first two demonstration plants ready to go to construction by the middle of fiscal year 1980. The subcommittee notes with approval that OWRT has included $6.2 million in its budget estimate for fiscal year 1981 for demonstration plant construction. The subcommittee anticipates that this funding will be used for the third demonstration plant at a site to be selected in fiscal year 1980.

WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL

The President's budget requests for the activities of the Water Resources Council within the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources (excluding title III of the Water Re-




61

sources Planning Act of 1965) total $10 million for each of the fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982. Although the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources generally supports these requests and plans to move legislation authorizing appropriations in this amount for fiscal year 1980, it remains concerned with the Water Resources Council's past performance and future direction. Consequently, the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources plans to consider legislation which will extensively revise the organic charter of the Water Resources Council.
The President has also requested the sum of $50 million for each of the fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 to carry out an expanded matching grants program under title III of the Water Resources Planning Act of 1965. The purpose of this program is to provide grants to the States for water management planning and water conservation technical assistance. The Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources generally concurs in this request and will move legislation to authorized this expanded matching grants program although this, too, will receive strict scrutiny when the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources considers legislation revising the organic charter of the Water Resources Council.

TABLE 1.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980
[in millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Alaska Power Administration: Operation and
maintenance
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 3 2 2
O utlays ........................................... ........ 3 2 2
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ...... ....................................... 3 2 2
O utlays ............................................................. 3 2 2
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget request.)

Southeastern Power Administration: Operation
and maintenance
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 1 1 1
O utlays ............................................................. 1 1 1
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 1 1 1
O utlays ............................................................. 1 1 1






62

TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued
[In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget request.)

Southwestern Power Administration: Operation
and maintenance
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 32 34 33
O utlays ............................................................. 32 31 33
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 32 34 33
Outlays ............................................................. 32 31 33
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)

Western Area Power Administration: Operation, maintenance, construction, and rehabilitation President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 123 125 74
Outlays ............................................................. 123 125 74
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 126 128 77
Outlays ............................................................. 126 128 77
(The Subcommittee recommends that the President's budget authority and outlay requests for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 be increased by $3,000,000 to allow WAPA to
acquire additional personnel.)

Western Area Power Administration: Colorado
River Basin's power marketing fund President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 5 2 1
O utlays ............................................................. 5 2 1
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 5 2 1
O utlays ............................................................. 5 2 1
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)

Power Marketing Administrations:, President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 164 164 ill
Outlays ............................................................. 164 161 ill
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 167 167 114
O utlays ............................................................. 167 164 114





63

TABLE I.-PRESIDENrS BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH REQUIRE
AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION PRIOR TO THE ENACTMENT OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980-Continued
[in millions of dollars]
Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Water Resources Council (all except title 111) President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 10 10 10
O utlays ............................................................. 10 10 10
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 10 10 10
Outlays ............................................................. 10 10 10
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)

Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Projects President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 38 50 50
Outlays ............................................................. 33 50 50
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 38 50 50
O utlays ............................................................. 33 50 50
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)

Exclusive of Bonneville Power Administration Fund (See table 3).

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENTS BUDGET REQUESTS FOR NEW AND EXPANDED PROGRAMS WHICH
WOULD REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Water Resources Council (title 111): Matching grants to States
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 50 50 50
Outlays ............................................................. 35 44 50
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 50 50 50
Outlays ............................................................. 35 44 50
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)





64

TABLE 3.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
Bureau of Reclamation:
General investigations:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 34 43 39
Outlays ........................................... 31 43 39
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 34 43 39
Outlays ........................................... 31 43 39
(The Subcommittee recommends that the President's budget authority and outlay request for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 be increased to carry out the provisions of
Pub. L. 95-578.)
Construction and rehabilitation:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 313 398 400
Outlays ........................................... 254 308 350
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 225 419 425
Outlays ........................................... 276 308 350
(The Subcommittee recommends that adjustment
be made in the President's budget authority requests for fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982 for the McGee Creek project and that the President's budget authority and outlay requests for fiscal year 1980 be increased to carry out the provisions of
Pub. L 95-578.)
Operation and maintenance:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 101 ill ill
O utlays ........................................... 95 ill
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 101 ill ill
O utlays ........................................... 95
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget request.)
General administrative expenses:
President's request
Budget authority ............................ 27 26 27
Outlays ........................................... 27 26 27
Committee recommendation.
Budget authority ............................ 27 26 27
Outlays ........................................... 27 26 27
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
request.)
Loan program:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 76 20 11
Outlays ........................................... 43 30 21






65

TABLE 3.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 199"ontinued [In millioris of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 76 20 11
Outlays .................... ............... - 43 30 21
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)
Upper Colorado River storage project:
President's request:
Budget authority ................. ........ 57 97 84
O utlays ........................................... 59 97 84
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............... ......... 57 97 84
Outlays ........................ ...... ....... 59 97 84
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)
Colorado River Basin project:
President's request
Budget authority ............................ 89 110 107
Outlays ......... ............................. 75 110 107
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............. ............. 89 110 107
Outlays ........................................... 75 110 107
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget request.)
Emergency funds:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 1 1 1
O utlays ..........................................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .................... ......
O utlays .................. ............... ......
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)
Permanent appropriations:
President's request:
Budget authority ................. .......... 3 3 3
Outlays ........................................... 3 3 3
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ......................... 3 3 3
O utlays .......................................... 3 3 3
(The subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)
Total:
President's request:
Budget authority ..................................... 713 824 803
Outlays ................................................... 598 744 763
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ..................................... 625 845 828
Outlays ................................................... 620 744 763






66

TABLE 3.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 198"ontinued [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982
Office of Water Research and Technology:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 31 43 44
Outlays ........................................... 25 36 37
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority. ........................... 43 43 44
Outlays ........................................... 38 36 37
(The Subcommittee recommends that the President's budget requests for fiscal year 1980 be increased to expedite construction of two demonstration plants as authorized by
Pub. L. 95-84 and Pub. L. 95-467.)
Bonneville Power Administration Fund:
President's request:
Budget authority ............................ 0 0 0
Outlays ........................................... 89 73 53
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ............................ 0 0 0
Outlays ............................................ 89 73 53
(The Subcommittee concurs in the President's
budget requests.)


RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC LANDS

The Subcommittee on Public Lands, while in general agreement with the President's budget request for the Bureau of Land Management for fiscal year 1980, is nonetheless disturbed by inadequate funding requests relating to the management of renewable natural resources and, particularly, range lands. In addition, the subcommittee's oversight hearing on March 2, 1979 revealed that the President's proposed budget has failed to request funding for several key pieces of legislation enacted in the 95th Congress.
The subcommittee is also greatly concerned about BLM's lack of adequate staff, particularly on the ground. The President's budget request calls for 417 fewer filled positions in fiscal year 1980 than in fiscal year 1979 and 47 fewer permanent positions than in fiscal year 1978. While the subcommittee supports the President's efforts to control the growth of the Federal bureaucracy, the cutbacks for BLM are both untimely and shortsighted. The Bureau has responsibility for the largest federally owned land mass, which contains resources for mineral development, recreation, wildlife, grazing and other multiple uses increasingly important to this Nation. The Bureau cannot adequately manage these resources in a balanced way without sufficient staff to carry out their responsibilities.
These areas of concern and the subcommittee's corrective recommendation's are as follows:





67

A. On-the-ground range improvement.-(+ $15, 000, 000)
Over the past several years numerous reports and studies have alleged that as much as 80 percent of the 174 million acres of public lands administered for grazing by the Bureau of Land Management in the 11 Western states are in an "unsatisfactory" condiition in the sense that they are producing far below their potential for diversified rangeland values such as for wildlife and livestock grazing, fish and wildlife habitat and production, water and soil conservation benefits, and recreation. The Public Lands Subcommittee examined these findings during 9 days of hearings in Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and Washington, D.C., in the 95th Congress, and concluded that the allegations were both factual and that the condition of the rangelands was alarming. Simply stated, the subcommittee found that existing levels of funding and personnel for range management and improvement were inadequate to meet even modest goals for range betterment. To address this problem legislation was introduced (now Public Law 95-514) dealing with a variety of range management issues. While some provisions of the legislation were controversial, all parties (including the administration) were in unanimous support of the key proposal to provide an additional $365 million over the next 20 years for range betterment, 80 percent of which must be spent "on-the-ground". As is clearly noted in both the legislation itself, and accompanying committee reports, the $365 million is to be "appropriated over and above the amounts which traditionally have been, or will be, spent by BLM for range, wildlife, soil, air, and watershed management." (House Report 95-1122, pp. 11-12) In other words, the $365 million was meant to be a supplemental "shot in the arm" to revitalize ongoing range improvement efforts, and to provide funding for additional personnel to manage range improvement programs. The Subcommittee on Public Lands is therefore shocked and distressed that the President's proposed budget asks for not one penny of the fiscal year 1980 $15 million share of the $36' million program. This amounts to a complete cancellation of the first year of the 20-year program and total disregard of the intent of section 5 of Public Law 95-514. The subcommittee places the highest possible priority on the restoration and appropriation of the full $15 million share for fiscal year 1980. If this does not occur, the urgent task of improving the public range will be further delayed and frustrated. (Implementation of the program was originally scheduled for fiscal year 1979 in the House bill, but the Senate was unable to meet Budget Act deadline, and fiscal year 1980 was agreed upon as the new starting date.)
While the subcommittee certainly approves of the President's efforts to reduce Federal spending, it feels that the relatively small investment in renewable range resources is one area where cuts in authorized programs and personnel increases should not be implemented. The subcommittee's disappointment is heightened by the fact that range improvement bill, as passed by the House, contained language to insure that the authorized funding would be fully requested by the President, and, if not, that detailed reasons for requesting a lesser level of funding would be forwarded to Con-





68
gress. This language was deleted from the final legislation during House-Senate conference to meet strong objections of the administration, which claimed it unduly infringed upon executive privilege. However, the administration gave numerous assurances that full funding would be requested.
In summary, the subcommittee feels that range improvement funding can no longer be delayed. The time to start is now-at the full levels authorized in Public Law 95-514. The subcommittee rejects as completely inadequate the rationale that Public Law 95514 passed the 95th Congress at so late a date as to miss the deadline for additions to the President's fiscal year 1980 budget. Over 3 months elapsed between passage of Public Law 95-514 and submission of the President's budget to Congress, and this should have been ample time to provide for full funding and to recommend increases in personnel ceilings.
As a footnote, the subcommittee would point out that the 20-year $365 million program was intended to be in addition to all moneys traditionally authorized to BLM for range management and improvement. Inadvertent wording in section 5(a) of Public Law 95514 conveys the mistaken impression that the $365 million was intended to be in addition to moneys "requested by the Secretary" rather than those actually "authorized by the Congress". A review of the House report accompanying the legislation reveals the latter result was clearly intended. Remedial legislation to correct this drafting error will be considered if necessary.
B. Payments in Lieu of Taxes.-(+ $7300, 000)
The administration has recommended that the PILT program be funded at the $108 million level authorized by the Congress in the BLM quadrennial authorization bill (Public Law 95-352). The subcommittee cannot agree with this request level because it fails to provide funds to implement new entitlement PILT payments (Public Law 95-469) on certain wildlife refuge lands, inactive military bases, certain acquired lands, unorganized boroughs in Alaska, and new lands acquired in Redwood National Park (Public Law 95250). Further, as with the failure to request the moneys to fund range improvements, the subcommittee totally rejects arguments that the legislation mandating funding increases passed Congress at too late a date to be considered in the budgetary process. Therefore, in order to comply with the new entitlements of Public Laws 95-469 and 95-250 the subcommittee recommends the addition of $7.3 million to the President's PILT request ($1.3 million for Redwood National Park, and $5.8 million for the other new entitlements). To recommend less than this increase would violate the spirit and letter of both new public laws.
The subcommittee is further troubled with statements in the BLM budget justification for fiscal year 1980 and during the subcommittee's March 2d oversight hearings that an October 1978 ruling by the Comptroller General will require a 20 to 25 percent increase in PILT payments per annum. The subcommittee has reviewed the Comptroller General's decision, and several members of the subcommittee and Full Committee who worked on the PILT





69

legislation in the 94th Congress are in agreement that the second part of the decision does not accurately reflect the intent of Congress in enacting Public Law 94-565. The subcommittee's views are shared by the Interior Department and the National Association of Counties. As this is the case, the subcommittee has not reconimended additional funding to implement the decision, and would request the Comptroller General to review his position. The Committee feels that such a review will result in a modified decision, and that further legislation to clarify the issue is unnecessary.
C. Recreation Management.-(+ $3,990, 000)
The subcommittee recommends $21,965,000 for recreation management. The subcommittee was disappointed to note that U'he President's request would cut $3.5 million from the base program. Recreation management includes the protection and management of natural history and cultural resources of the public lands; studies, reviews, surveys, and management of potential wilderness areas; and the designation, planning, and management of recreation resources. With the exception of wilderness management, which received a large boost in the fiscal year 1979 budget, the recreation management programs have continued to receive low priority in the President's budget requests both for staff and funds. All of these activities are important in their own right, and many, such as the cultural resource inventories, help support other programs such as coal leasing, by providing required data for planning purposes and for preparation of environmental impact statements.
Following is a breakdown of the subcommittee's recommendations by subactivity:
1. Natural and Cultural Resources Management.-(+ $1,240, 000)
The President proposes a $740,000 cut in the natural and cultural resources management program, which would defer the inventory and evaluation of 3.2 million acres of land, and defer protection and stabilization work at 16 cultural and historical sites. The reduction in cultural activities would come at a time when theft and vandalism of archeological resources on the public lands have increased substantially. Most of these resources are currently unprotected. An area which has received at least some minimal protection is Escalante in southwest Colorado, the resources of which are said to rival Mesa Verde. For the past two summers, one seasonal ranger was responsible for patrolling over I million acres in an attempt to protect thousands of archeological sites in the area. Without additional funds, this patrol would be curtailed as would the duration of 1 million artifacts and the stabilization work needed to preserve important resources. Other significant archeological areas, such as Grand Gulch in Utah, would be similarly affected.
BLM professionals estimated that the Bureau would need a minimum of $15.2 million in 1979-and more in 1980-to comply with the basic requirements of Federal laws for inventorying, planning, and managing its cultural resources. The $3,866,000 recommended






70

by the subcommittee will clearly not meet BLM's minimal needs. However, it will at least help assure the continuation of many of these necessary programs. It will also provide some added assistance for inventories, interim protection of sites and development of management plans for specific areas.
The subcommittee recommends full funding for the wilderness management program, which requires a review and a report to Congress by July 1, 1980, of the suitability for wilderness preservation of 55 existing and formally identified natural and primitive areas.
3. Recreation Resources Management.-(+ $2.6 million)
The subcommittee is greatly concerned about the proposed reductions in the recreation resource management activities. BLM professionals identified minimal needs of $17.5 million in 1979 to comply with requirements for planning, designating and managing its recreational resources. Yet the President proposes reducing the program from $7.1 million to $4.5 million.
The reduction of $2.6 million would reduce the processing of 350 recreational use permits, defer designation of 5.5 million acres for off-road vehicle use, curtail 5 river and trail studies and eliminate supervision of 500,000 visitor days in 1980. Recreation demands on the public lands continue to grow, requiring additional protection for both the resources and the users. Of particular concern are the rapidly escalating problems associated with off-road vehicle (ORV) use in undesignated areas, problems which have been compounded by a lack of sufficient BLM staffing and funding. The increases proposed by the subcommittee will help assure that the designation program continues on schedule and that the public lands receive at least basic protection from damage and vandalism.
Mining Claim Recordation. -(no increase)
Director Gregg has assured the subcommittee that the President's request for nonenergy related realty of $14,650,000 will be sufficient to enable BLM to keep pace with the recordation of mining claims as required pursuant to section 314 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. The subcommittee feels this assessment may be somewhat optimistic given BLM's expectation of 2 million claim filings through fiscal year 1979 and an estimated additional 975,000 filings in fiscal year 1980. However, the subcommittee declined to recommend additional funding at this time based on Director Gregg's testimony.
5. Mining Patent Applications. -(no increase)
Last year the subcommittee recommended an additional $1 million to enable BLM to process a backlog of mining claim patent applications, and eliminate the backlog by the end of 1980. These funds were appropriated, with the result that BLM now feels it can eliminate the backlog by the end of 1981. The subcommittee accepts this new deadline, but stresses that no further slippage in this goal can be allowed. A review of the program will be conduct-




71

ed by the subcommittee next year, and such additional funds will be authorized as may be necessary to meet the 1981 target.
6. Mineral Impact Loan Program. -(no increase)
The subcommittee was surprised to learn that the President's budget request contains no money to commence implementation of mineral impact loan program established pursuant to section 317(c) of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act. During the subcommittee's consideration of H.R. 10787 (Public Law 95-352) last year, the administration repeatedly stressed that this program would be initiated if legislation were enacted to raise the interest rate charged on such loans from the FLPMA mandated 3 percent to the prevailing market rate for tax exempt bonds (or 41/2 to 5 1/2 percent). Congress complied with the administration's request and incorporated the interest rate increase as part of the BLM quadrennial authorizational legislation (Public Law 905-352). In spite of this, the administration has once again declined to request funding for the program. The subcommittee recognizes that the provisions of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act as amended by Public Law 95-352 make implementation of the program discretionary with the Secretary, and therefore has not opted to recommend funding for the $50 million program authorized by law. This decision is based on the recognition that the subcommittee's proposed increases for range improvements, payment in lieu of taxes, and recreation management are of a higher order of priority in a year when the President and Congress are attempting to hold down Federal spending. The subcommittee was also advised that the administration is reviewing the 317(c) mineral impact loan program as part of a comprehensive draft plan to provide energy and mineral impact assistance on a nationwide basis. Such a program may be submitted to Congress in the near future.

NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE IN ALASKA

The subcommittee participated jointly with the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining in a review of the Department of Interior's surface and subsurface investigations of the national petroleum reserve in Alaska as directed by Public Law 94-2150. The subcommittee's interest extends not only subsurface exploration programs but also to the surface studies component of the investigative program, which according to testimony of witnesses at hearings, has been completed and recommendations are scheduled to be sent to the Congress by mid-April, 1979.
The subcommittee concurs in the recommendations of the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining with respect to the continuance of subsurface investigations.






72

TABLE 1.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [in millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

95-514 Range improvement program President's request:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............... ............................................. 0 0 0
(President requested no funding for major bill
passed last Congress.)
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority ..............................................
O utlays ............................................................. 15 15 15
(Subcommittee recommends full funding of onthe-ground range improvement program.)

94-565 Payments in lieu of taxes President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 108 108 108
O utlays .............................................................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 115.3 115.3 115.3
O utlays .............................................................
(Subcommittee recommends additional moneys
to fund new PILT entitlement lands as per
Public Laws 95-250 and 95-469.)

Recreation management programs President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 18 ............................ ............................
O utlays .............................................................
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 22 ............................ ............................
O utlays .............................................................
(Subcommittee recommends additional sums for
natural and cultural resource management, wilderness management, and recreation resources management pursuant to Public Law 94-579, Federal Land Policy and
Management Act.)


RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON MINES AND MINING

BUREAU OF MINES

The budget request of the Bureau of Mines for fiscal year 1980 is $135,994,000. This includes an appropriation of $135,194,000 for mines and minerals and $800,000 for trust funds. The trust funds are composed of deposits by States, local governments, and private organizations with which the Bureau will conduct cooperative projects.





73

Although the budget request for mines and minerals represents a net decrease of $13,968,000 below the amount requested for fiscal year 1979, the funding levels are primarily the same. The decrease reflects the shift in financing of the abandoned mine land program to the Office of Surface Mining.
With respect to the distribution of funds by activity, the subcommittee has no objection to the fiscal year 1980 requests.

U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

The fiscal year 1980 budget request for the U.S. Geological Survey totals $455,448,000, which represents a decrease of $196,722,000 from fiscal year 1979.
The subcommittee is alarmed by the proposed $226,659,000 reduction in, and termination of, the exploration of the national petroleum reserve in Alaska.
Public Law 94-258 directs the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a petroleum exploration of the reserve, which was transferred from the Secretary of the Navy on June 1, 1977.
The original exploratory program planned by the Navy called for the drilling of 26 wells by the end of fiscal year 1980. The USGS detei nined that a minimum acceptable sampling could be accomplished by the drilling of 19 to 20 wells, by the end of fiscal year 1979 plus possible follow-up confirmation wells which might be indicated as a result of the fiscal year 1979 program.
The reserve contains about 24,000,000 acres. Seismic and geophysical data as well as the drilling program have indicated the strong possibility of petroleum province in this area which should be further explored.
The subcommittee believes that the Nation's need for petroleum resources mandates the continuation of the search for oil and gas in NPRA. The reserve is, first and foremost, a petroleum reserve. It is a potential energy treasure house and an effort must be made to inventory its assets. If the Government is unable to make such an effort in a meaningful way, the only alternative would be to lease the area for private exploration and development.
Although the subcommittee believes it would be better to restore the entire funding, it recommends that $108.5 million be restored to permit completion of five additional wells.
The fiscal year 1980 budget request for surveys, investigations, and research (SIR) is $451,021,000, an increase of $31,599,000 over fiscal year 1979 funding levels. The proposed changes in program activity funding levels are as follows.
An increase of $2,400,000 is included for topographic surveys and mapping. Much of the proposed increase is to be used for continuation of fabrication and testing of system components of the airborne positioning system. The system will provide a needed capability for mapping and stream-valley geometry for flood plain studies and geologic studies.
Geologic and mineral resources surveys and mapping reflects an overall decrease of $281,000, but requests an increase of $2,606,000 for wilderness mineral surveys. Reductions are shown for the geo-





74
logic framework program, resource processes and techniques program, and for geothermal investigations. The subcommittee wishes to express its objection to the $1.9 million decrease for the geothermal investigations program. With the current emphasis on the development of energy from all feasible sources, this decrease appears to negate that goal.
The second largest increase ($10,700,000) in program activity is directed at water resources investigations. The fiscal year 1980 increases are for acceleration of the regional aquifer system analysis program, improved instrumentation, studies of water use, and for coal hydrology. With severe water problems in many parts of the Nation, an increase in this program appears warranted.
The largest single increase ($15,590,000) in program activity is for conservation of lands and minerals. The proposed increases in fiscal year 1980 are for regulation of oil and gas, both on the OCS and onshore, for tract selection and evaluation on the OCS, and for coal land classification and evaluation. Included in the increases are funds to address the new requirement specified in the OCS Lands Amendments Act of 1978 and the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978.
The land information and analysis program activity reflects a $1,283,000 increase to initiate the implementation of the Landsat-D thematic mapper process at the Earth Resources Observation Systems Data Center at Sioux Falls, S. Dak. With the progressively greater need for information. which is required to facilitate landuse planning and decisionmaking, it appears the requested increase is justifiable.

DIVISION OF HELIUM
Background
The Division of Helium in the Bureau of Mines operates a helium program which consists of the production, storage, and sale of helium to Federal agencies. The program operates on a public enterprise fund which, in fiscal year 1978, had revenues of approximately $10.7 million, expenses of approximately $9.8 million, and a net income of approximately $950,000. No appropriated funds are expected to be required for fiscal year 1979.
There exists a separate helium fund which is about $495 million in debt. The fund was created in 1960 so that the Bureau could buy helium for conservation and storage for future use by Federal agencies. Between 1961 and 1973 the Bureau purchased $385 million worth of helium. In 1973 the Secretary of Interior terminated the contracts under which helium was purchased.
The Bureau finds itself unable to pay off the helium fund debt from sales to other Federal agencies and thus, is expected to send legislation to Congress in the near future which would cancel the debt.
The Bureau has $47.5 million in permanent contract authority which, in years past, was used for purchases related to the helium fund. This contract authority was rescinded for fiscal year 1978 and fiscal year 1979.






75

Recommendation
It is recommended that the $47.5 million contract authority related to the helium fund once again be rescinded for fiscal year 1980.


TABLE I.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR SAVINGS THROUGH CHANGES IN EXISTING LAWS WHCH MANDATE SPENDING IN FISCAL YEAR 1980 WITHOUT FURTHER ACTION BY CONGRESS; OTHER LEGISLATIVE SAVINGS PROPOSALS [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Helium Fund
President's request:
Budget authority .............................................. 48 0 0
O utlays ............................................................. 1 1 1
Subcommittee recommendation:
Budget authority .............................................. 48 0 0
Outlays ............................................................. 1 1 1
(President's budget proposes to cancel contract
authority for purchase of helium.)

TABLE 2.-PRESIDENT'S BUDGET REQUESTS FOR EXISTING PROGRAMS WHICH DO NOT
REQUIRE AUTHORIZING LEGISLATION FOR FISCAL YEAR 1980 [In millions of dollars]

Estimate
Major issue or program 1980 1981 1982

Exploration of the national petroleum reserve in Alaska:
President's request:
B udget authority .............................................. 4.4 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 8 3 ............................ ............................
Subcommittee recommendation:
B udget authority .............................................. 112.9 ............................ ............................
O utlays ............................................................. 17 5 ............................ ............................
(The $108.5 funding level increase is to permit
the drilling of five additional wells.)
















36-686 0 79 6
























APPENDIX


Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs Congressional Budget
The Committee appreciates the assistance of the Program and Budget Information Group of the Program Analysis Division of the General Accounting Office in the preparation of this appendix.


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