Partial Translations, Letters: 1-5, 9, 14, 15, 18


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Partial Translations, Letters: 1-5, 9, 14, 15, 18
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Murat, Achille, 1801-1847

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Full Text

Letter # 1
To M. le Comte, Antoine Thibeaudau
Riemerstrasse N. 818 Vienna
Hamburg, 29 Dec. 1822
Rep. 15 June

My dear friend,

Here I am in the Hamburg since day before yesterday after a journey of 10 days
during which I was extremely miserable from the cold, as well as from my carriage
which broke down several times but nevertheless arrived without mishapXXXXX_

Yesterday I delivered your letter to Baron deoAght*Wh9 received me quite ,
properly. He has the manner of a (e Qand istmosigiv r' '
here. I thank you again for having directed me to him. He was in Naples 12 years ago
and dined with me at the home of M. Baudry who was his good friend, so that we
quickly found ourselves acquainted.

My journey passed without accident; no one wished [to see] my passports. You
can't imagine the freedom with which I have traveled. The snow which covers the
ground and the cold, which dropped to 28 degrees, has scarcely permitted me to make
any observations on the country through which I passed.

In spite of that I stopped quite often to make a number of observations on the
interesting customs. Civilization is at its highest in Prussia, especially in Brunswick. I
wish to describe my journey, but in a sentimental manner which will hold to a middle
ground between Sterne and Turner. By abridging them a bit I have enough little
adventures for that. For example, I shall place vis-a-vis the innkeeper of Halle (with
whom, during dinner, I had a conversation such as I don't remember having had in
Vienna, except in a house in the Riemerstrasse) an old doctor with whom I had supper
in Iglau*. I was thinking of making a great effort to be agreeable and to be the narrator .
while explaining the theory of Brown (in his manner), which he pretended to accept. I .
ended by having drunk my Bordeaux wine to the health of the president of the United
States. It was certainly the first occasion on which that toast was drunk in Iglau. .
*a town in present-day Czechoslovakia, southeast of Prague. ,

I stayed one day and the night in Prague. Only the bridge there is fine; the city is
quite dreary. The baron had wished to see the tomb of St. John Nepomuceno and
listened to the legend in a manner to please the sacristan.

I am lodged here at the Hotel de Russe on the promenade. Outside my windows
is the large pond where a thousand skaters are exercising. They have an air of spiritarti
[?]. The city is quite ugly and very dirty, but it is most lively. I fear that I shall be here

for two or three months. I don't think I shall be bored here although the theatre is very
poor and it has neither Groben nor Kohlmark*.

*The Groben and the Kohlmark, two of the busiest and liveliest streets in Vienna.

Adieu, my esteemed friend; my deepest affection to you and your family. I shall
write again before leaving here.


Kindest regards to Pfuhl and Philippe. Please pardon my handwriting but I am
very weary from having written so much today.

Letter # 2
To M. le Comte, Antoine Thibeaudau
Riemerstrasse N. 818 Vienna
Hamburg, 25 Jan. 1823
Rep. 5 March

My dear friend,

Yesterday evening I received your letter of the 15th. It would be impossible to
express to you the sorrow it caused me. My heart is broken. I was not remotely
expecting what you wrote. Yes, my esteemed friend, you deserve a better fate than that
which attaches to your pursuits. You are blessed indeed by the strength of your
character and by your experience in misfortune. But, the poor countess, but Jena, but
Adolph-I cannot think of them without heartbreak.

I still hope that I did not fully understand the meaning of your letter. I hope that
misfortune is not so great as my ardent friendship imagines it. In God's name give me
news; be assured that nothing on earth interests me more. I am sensitive, as I should
be, my dear friend, to the confidence that you have in me. Is it not possible then that
you should give me a more fitting proof of it?
I deeply regret not bein near you in Vie n a perhaps I could soften some ,
moments of loneliness an tedious sorrow. understand perfectly that you may not be
disposed to chat with me or write long letters. I imagine likewise that the details that I
could give you would be at this moment ill timed. So I cut short my letter, my dear
friend, and end it as I began by assuring you of my most tender affection on which you
can depend entirely as long as I shall live. If I could render you any service of any
nature, you have only to ask it of me.


My compliments and my regards to the countess when you write to her.

Letter # 3
To M. le Comte, Antoine Thibeaudau
Riemerstrasse N. 818 Vienna
Written from
Partenope (Parthenope)
[on Matanzas Inlet south of St. Augustine]
12 December 1824
R. 20 Feb. 1825
Rep. 19 March

My dear and esteemed friend,

Two or three days ago I received your idetter of September 19th of this
year [1825] and I don't know how adequately to express to you the pleasure it has given
me. After the gale that I have experienced it is extremely pleasant as the mist begins to
disappear from my understanding of my preserve. I am guilty of nothing more than
failing to give you news of myself. At first I did not know of your situation and where to
write to you; and then my mother alarmed me in such a manner as I did not think
possible, believing me so corrupt that I resolved to break off all connection with Europe
which in effect I have done. N N F --
td Iofr yumhe-fel
I thank you my dear friend for yours ti'nd I offer you my heai-felt "-
congratulations for having left infamous Austria and finding happiness only in literary
works, the most pleasant of all.

What you have told me of your family has also given me great pleasure and I beg
S you to remember me individually to each member. You are doubtless waiting for certain
2 details about my life since we separated. I find it impossible to accomplish without
writing volumes, and besides, to speak frankly to you, I would need assurance
concerning the discretion of the postal services and the police.

I suppose Charlotte will not have let you ignore anything. You have cause to
lecture me on my escapade. That was indeed what it was. If I'd known then what I
know today I would never have done it, but under the same circumstances, I would start
over and conduct myself in the same way. I am far from being sorry for this adventure
in spite of the suffering it cost me at the time and since. First, I have learned thereby
my capacity; second, I have lost many illusions and that is always an advantage; third, I
have learned to judge men and affairs a little less favorably than I did previously. I have
seen the weakness of many persons on whom I believed that [the cause of] Liberty
could rely, &c., &c,. This incident has disgusted me very much with Europe and has
rendered me much more partisan of the United States than I was before returning there.

I shall not attempt to picture for you all that I have had to suffer. When I was in 1
Europe observing an edifice, which appeared so solid, fall piece by piece, and not 11 <.

U dI-tkfu- VPatSloy- t-ejp W^/ pn~G

because of the armies of enemies but through the shameful ineptness of its defenders;
when I was in England forced to be witness to their triumph and to the folly or cowardice
of my friends, seeing myself hanged in effigy for shunning a compromise !!!! And since I
have returned to this hospitable land to receive the reproaches of my family as though I
were on [a bed] of roses and to see myself abandoned by my friends, to see all those
on whom I thought I could depend turn a cold shoulder to me--Deserted by my own
people, it is, Monsieur, Americans, strangers who welcome me, approve of my, who
depart from their natural coolness and show themselves to be my warm and unselfish
friends. My expedition is regarded from this side of the Atlantic quite differently than
from the other and has given me a firm position in public opinion.

When I returned my family, except for excellent Charlotte through sentiment and
Joseph through generosity, abandoned or oppressed me. I shall retain for those two
individuals an eternal gratitude and forget or disregard the injustices and injuries of the
others. That is what I have gained at the risk of my life, my liberty, and the loss of more
than half of my fortune.

I find myself alone [and] quite ill without farther prospects, without anyone to
advise me. You know that I am not lacking in energy; I shall summon it to my aid and
soon will have taken my calling. I would not stay in the tow of my uncle [;] you know
the idea, according to Kant, that I make myself morally independent of any man and a
secondary position cannot argue with me. Besides, my cousin Charles (a bird-stuffer, a
true Roman prince filled with all the prejudice and pretensions of the most detestable v, s
7, :T-1 aristocracy in Europe) was there and poisoned my visit so that I would have left much -
\ 0 ^ sooner except for the consoling balm that Charlotte sprinkled on my wounds.
of tte
~-^^~eyrtheless it was necessary to make a decision. I was disgusted with the
boasting of t ervilesof Europe, with the silliness of the modern black revolutions. I
did not wish to have any more to do with them. The sublime simplicity of this
government [i.e. the American] which is not appreciated in Europe is so much in accord
with my principles that, not content with just admiring it, I have resolved to establish
myself among the only people in the world who think as I think and who act accordingly.

My fortune entirely ruined compelled me to practice a profession. I had only that
of a planter to choose and that is what I did.

I have just settled in East Florida (or Oriental Floride) after having visited all the
shores of the Atlantic. I am in a delightful climate that produces oranges, pineapples an
sugar, in a new country where everything is to be made, where I do struggle against
reputations already made or, although poor, being richer than those around me, I have
the appearance of a small capitalist. I have had the stupidity to buy some property too
quickly with the result that it is somewhat barren although in a lovely location. I am on

the sea shore ten miles south of St. Augustine. I have named my place Partenope.
This name reminds me of my native land-as though I could forget it. At the same time
it was [the name of] a siren: do they not represent the flattering illusions of life? And
who knows if the happiness that I promise myself is not an illusion?

I have a house, quite ordinary, but which will nonetheless be sufficient for me:
one room for eating and sleeping, another for my books and for writing, that is all; 1200
acres of rather inferior land; a delightful climate; ten Negroes male and female whom I
govern in military style.

Here is how I spend my time: I get up with the sun, I give my orders to an
overseer; I shave, &c.; I get on my horse to make my round; I have breakfast at eight or
nine; I sit down and write until noon; I dine, and digest by walking among my orange
groves; I return to work; I mount my horse again to see what my people have done; at
sundown I receive the report of my overseer; I have supper; I lie down, light a cigar,
accompanied by several others, pick up the commentaries of Blackstone and as soon
as I feel the happy influence of the common law I doze off and sleep till morning.

I only go into town for the balls, the jury, the agricultural society, the elections, the
caucuses, the theaters, and finally the assemblies of every kind where I display my
eloquence without being afraid that a scoundrel de Zedlithe may find something there to
criticize or that some fool of an Odelga may come and bombastically dispatch me. You
see that with the philosophy with which you are acquainted--I have the means for being
happy--I can be happy. True I do not have life's dessert (le Groben, le Kohlmarh, and a
small house boat in Forbergusses at the corner of the palace) but I have bread, liberty,
and equality, and the most complete independence under a government that one need
only know in order to participate therein.

I vote, I talk politics in the societies, I propose notions, &c., and I can boast of
being very popular not only in our territory but also in all parts of the United States
where I have been. You see also that I have time to devote to writing. It is what I intend
to do and have already done. Since you have had the kindness to tell me of your work, 9
permit me, my dear friend, to tell you what I have already printed and what I now have \
in preparation. I shall add a proposal. When I was at Gibraltar and jrio6 cosra o
expose myself as little as possible I composed a brochure on the political events of
which I was witness. I printed it in Liverpool and sent it to Cadiz where it arrived too
late. I send it to you with the risk of making this packet too large. It has the merit of
sincerely expressing my opinion.

I am now laboring on a major work on politics in general. I began it at Forhsdorf
and you should have heard me discussing it often with Girard; but that will require
several years. It is a synthetic deduction on the principles of law, and on materialism,
employing the reasoning of Kant. I am occupied at the moment with a discourse on the
influence of America on the mind, which I expect to deliver next July at the anniversary
of the Declaration of Independence before the citizens of the town [St. Augustine] if they
are indeed willing to elect me to fill this customary formality. I believe that this discourse
embraces a thesis wide and poetic and I have only to regret being beneath it.

Now for the proposal. On the continent of Europe there are only false and erroneous
ideas about this country; I know it perhaps better than most foreigners who have come

here. Would you like for me to write once a month a letter (presumably) intended for
publication except for your corrections? I believe it will be interesting, it will publicize me
and establish the opinions of many people who emigrate and are then disillusioned. Let
me hear from you.

My letter is quite lengthy, my dear friend, but only you can believe the pleasure I
have in writing to you; I cannot resist it. I shall always remember the respect with which
at your age you received me on that morning in Vienna and had the goodness to
enlighten me with your opinions while patiently enduring my irrational talk and
responding to it. I trust that you still bear the same friendship for me and that you will
reply frankly. My decision to settle in this land of liberty and happiness is pretty nearly
made. I am speaking of settling here permanently and becoming a citizen and in good
faith renouncing Europe forever. The question encompasses several considerations-
my inclination-that is already decided-the welcome that I shall receive-that is also a
matter of concern-but my possibilities on both sides, public opinion, propriety, these
are the matter of which I would like to have your frank opinions. I ask it of you as proof
of friendship.

Adieu, I hold you dear to my heart, while imploring you to continue to write. Next
time I shall not be so lengthy. Also, I would like much to be able to dispatch some
letters on America destined for publication in a proper journal in order to make it known.,
Adieu. My warm regards to Madame Thibeaudau and to Jena. I should much like to be> Lo
where she is. aXXXXXXXtum mutates ab ilo (How far removed from that!). What ---
do you wish. A thousand regards to Adolph an Edward. I embrace you once more and
would like to do so indeed in this happy land of liberty wherein which they understand
how to judge you.

Letter # 4
Point Breeze
[Joseph Bonaparte's estate on the Delaware River]
4 July 1825
R. 10 Sept. Rep 15 Sept.

My dear friend,

Yesterday I received from my uncle your letter of last March 19th and I hasten to
let you know how much I am touched by your continued friendship. I have met with so
many desertions that my old friends are much more precious to me than perhaps they 2
realize. I enclose for you my address. The course which Ihave taken and which you
judge correctly is far from brilliant. In my territory I occupy a distinguished rank as
orator in the assemblies of the city, the theater, &c., and I have much influence in -
elections. In order to fully understand that it would be necessary for you to observe the
splendid vehicle of this republic rolling along quietly and majestically. You cannot form
an idea of it having known liberty only in the midst of the storm (which also indeed has
its fascination) and attacked by subversive factions.

S Here all the principles are immov bly fixen fin the heart and mind of the people. It
(5 Iiiunanimous in government differingDOin persons and in some very secondary
measures of government. Should-4bere-b X Xhere or there? Should a bank be
established? Should we adopt the Code of Louisiana or would the Common Law be
better? Should we enact laws against usury? Should we send such and such a man to
Congress? These are some of the issues that occupy not a restless minority as in
Europe but well nigh the entire nation individually. It arouses agitation up until the law
has been passed or the election held, but after that it is no longer a question. No one
thinks of demanding a reconsideration.

As I have said, I am very popular and I have a high regard for arguing forthrightly
in politics. Often a planter with whom I am not acquainted comes to my house, sprawls
out on the sofa, tosses off a glass of grog, thrusts a piece of tobacco into this mouth,
then says to me: "Neighbor, I have come to talk with you on such and such a matter;"
and it is not words that matter; Cone must be ready to deduce an argument and uphold
his opinion before a consummate boor with as much care as he would exercise before
an. assembly.)fou know how much I like to discuss. I am therefore delighted with all
those opportunities, and my role in my territory is very illustrious and above all very

I recently wrote a very long letter to [my brother] Lucien, in which I made a kind of
political confession. I am sorry not to be able to send it to you, but aside from the fact
that it is too bulky, I fear the informers, such as the good lord of Beranger. Nevertheless
I say in this letter what is and will be the goal I set for myself and that I will never veer
from the straight line that leads to it. If they [the family] wish me well, good. If not,
better. But if they accept me it will be only in this way. I include this phrase: "I do not
wish to serve under the standard of one party, as a means to an end for others. But
King or corporal I feel in my being that I shall never be led and that I shall always use for
myself and within my responsibility the authority which I shall have." I finished the letter
as follows: "That is what I should have liked to tell you, however, I prefer to write it to
you, for one is more certain of what he writes than of what he says; besides, something
written lasts."

I have therefore set wholly upon a fixed course that I assure you, my dear friend,
I shall follow faithfully. You have known me well enough to know about what it is. I
have recently read your memoirs with much interest because it appeared to me to be
like chatting with you in your office. There is not a line nor opinion that I have not heard
you express and uphold. For me the illusion was complete.

I found your recollections on the Directory especially interesting. They fill, it
seems to me, a lacuna that I have always perceived in the history of that period. I have
always found that they jump close-legged from the installation of the Directory to 18
Fructidor and I could find no reason for it. Your style has a quality that is suitable for
history. One observes that they were written not for one party, not for one era, but for




all rational people, all the great people of all lands of all times, in a word, for posterity.
They will bring you much honor, especially in fifty years.

Nevertheless, I find in them on great defect: it is that they are memoirs. The
thread of the narrative is broken when you se to be one of the actors. That is proper
for memoirs, but why do it? Why, with X en, which portrays so historically all the
events in which you have played a part, not fill those gaps and write a true history of the
French Revolution? In a hundred years we are out of it. All the adventures that you
have portrayed so well also make memoirs. The royalists themselves mingle in it. Who
knows into whose hands these materials will fall? Are you not jointly interested in the
glory of the Revolution? Are you not responsible to its children not only for the
memories that remain with you about the events of which you were a part, as well as
the others? Does the glory not touch you even more? On the life of the Emperor there
will be in twenty years only one voice, but on the Revolution how much nonsense can
one predict? Your health promises ample time to complete this work and your diligent
application will render the task very easy. It is not for libraries that I want you to do it; it
is for posterity. The persecutions that you have already undergone for your memoirs
should not therefore deter you. I recognize the justice of providence.

My uncle has not received your prospectus but he will send you some materials.
I have very few which relate to the hostilities between my father [Napoleon] and my
uncle [Joseph Bonaparte]. I will send these to you, explaininto you how I would like
them to be used. As soon as I get home I shall write somfIctitious letttef [i.e.,
novelized] about this country which I know well and which many donot now. I shall try
to include an intrigue, a peripateia of a style to form a kind of novel.

People in this country are very gbte or the quite simple reason that with C
everyone craving popularity no one is willing to take the first step [to bell the cat]-no U
one except me. I shall avail myself of the name and the logic of Emanuel Kant, without
embracing his spiritualism. My great work has been sleeping for several months. My
estate, the elections, the journey of General Lafayette whom I have been to see in
Savannah, and the imprisonment of my brother [Lucien] have kept me well occupied.

After having been arrested under not even a pretext by one of the most infamous
watch-dogs imaginable, after having spent four months in prison where he smashed the
jaws of I know now how many officers of the guard, where a captain stole his watch,
&c., he has finally arrived in good health and more handsome than ever. I need not tell
you the pleasure I had on seeing him again. He sends tender greetings to you.

I find, my dear friend, that the coal-seller's trade (as you call it) is as good as that
of planter and I wish you great prosperity in your new ventures. I should be particularly
displeased should you lay down your pen. You owe it to yourself, to your country, and
to the entire present generation, which soon will have only the Bible to read if better
books are not published.




Vt S

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<^ V) \,VN- wo i CLn tV. 0w Afio -S f a ikcat- o WCal^
FCUCVCn r Vtc4,j b Qso+1VC
In the land of the blind, &c. Europe has so lost her revolutionary vigor. The
present generation has so degenerated [that] those who in your time figured only as
moderates or undecideds now find themselves ranked among the bold and extreme! It
is not they who have changed but their circle. One judges them proportionately.

That is the case with Lafayette. His reputation in this country is quite different
Than in Europe. His role in the [French] Revolution is neither known nor appreciated.
r\ \o fCn To his name, to his person are connected, for this country, dear and glorious memories.
^ ~ He is the last living general of the War of Independence. He finds again many old
01t crcWA comrades who, by celebrating him, celebrate themselves. He is the friend of
V Washington, whose memory is deservedly adored here (a Unitarian recently told me
^l w that after Jesus Christ, Washington was the greatest man who ever lived!).

S Co A CI You can be sure that [Lafayette's] reception was not staged but was totally
spontaneous. New York gave him a fete. The other cities did not want to lag behind.
I nC u ) Public approval was vigorously proclaimed, and it is of the essence of republican
government that no one dared dissent but on the contrary each one threw himself into
the forefront and tried to outdo the others.

Ag I have been to see him to get the news of Europe and to reply to a letter that he
a\> wrote me on his arrival. Besides living here I like to share the popular emotions of my
... -^new country. I was vr iased. We had long conversations- F3i.cov, -in
)-, him much mo-, rebl&Id ? than I had expected. I believe that the experience of
c--his last mistake 8in 5 as Cnged him a little. His journey here will have a good
effect on the nation. It has kindled the emulation of all the young people.

If you continue to write eight volumes a year I hope that you will have time to
finish the history of the Revolution although it isn't yet begun. I shall send you at the
next opportunity a copy of three or four letters, the only interesting ones I possess, and
I'll mark for you my opinions in red. I have not seen my uncle [Joseph Bonaparte] in six
months and after the recent break in relations I don't expect to see him for a long time.
But I believe he has a great amount of confidential material. He did not reveal it to me.
He is most stubborn about thatke has some peculiar opinions about the Emperor
[Napoleon] and unless he is certain that his materials are used in a way he will approve,
he will not release them. If you will adopt his ideas you will provide a means for



My brother [Jerome? Lucien?] is in New Jersey where he has purchased a house
some five miles from my uncle, so he writes. I have no letters from him for five months.
I don't know what he is doing. He will regret not having applied himself sooner. I know
what it cost me for having delayed a year. I fear lest he spend too much money an :i \) -
l- ..... rjaw (with or without teeth) which is very important in this country. He keeps .
saying that he is making a start but he never achieves it. We have always had what I
believe to be a great fondness for each other. I wrote him yesterday and told him what
you entrust to me. He will be very sensible about it.


Give my best regards to Madam Thibeaudau and to Adolph. I would be very
delighted to see them again and above all to see them perfectly happy. When you write
to Jena (you did not tell me her married name) give her my warm regards.

Adieu, my dear friend, take care of yourself, keep up your courage, your
cheerfulness and your friendship to me. Never doubt my own.

I Paser

P.S. My letters are very lengthy because my handwriting is so large. What can I do?
The two addresses that I send you are immaterial. It depends on the ship's departure.

Letter # 5
Was-cissa, pres de Tallahassee, Florida
Lat. 30 degrees 33 minutes, Long 84 degrees 30 minutes W. of Greenwich
Rec. 14 March 12 Jan. 1826

My dear friend,

I received your kind letter of 19 September 1825 three days ago, and I thank you
sincerely. I hope that now our correspondence will no longer be delayed. I shall reply,
in order, to your letter, then give you my news. I ,

I am delighted to learn that ne can find an American review journall] in Paris.
This publication will have the(fiappie rsuitsy making known the joyful fruits of liberty
and equality as we enjoy them here. 1 beg you to obtain a subscription to it for me. I
shall contribute to it with all my heart: that is to say, from time to time I shall send you
fictitious letters. I am not in a position at this moment, however, to carry out my initial
plan, which was to mingle some adventures with it and to produce a sort of novel. For
that it would be necessary to travel, to live in the milieu of society, to spend the winter in
Washington and the summer in Saratoga. That is perhaps only a deferred pleasure. I
shall then content myself completely with the politics of the country. My mind was so
well prepared for that kind of thing that it immediately entered upon it and I doubt that
there would be any foreigner in the U.S. who could understand it as well as I. I shall
begin tomorrow and I shall be able to send it to you right away, that is to say, in fifteen

Here is the subject of the first letters. On geographical division of interest. On
the division and the present condition of the different parts. On the dispute of the
government of Georgia with the U.S. A review of the administration of Mr. Adams [John
Quincy], &c. But I have little time. I can only work on it after supper, and I depend on
you to give to my dispatch the form that will please you. ,\

k Ao\A k NkV k

I am much obliged for your opinion of the profession I have chosen. To enjoy the
approval of all those whom I esteem is the only thing that compensates me for so many
privations and sacrifices-for you can be sure that it is more entertaining after dinner to
take a turn in the Groben of the Kohlmark than into the field amongst the field hands.

I am delighted to learn of the advantages in which Adolph finds himself and the
prospect that he has. I hope that it will materialize. You have acted quite prudently in
the affair of Pacha. Don't get involved in affairs with my old general unless you are
willing to be fleeced-and that, like Panurge, with making you cry out.

You asked me for news of Charlotte [Bonaparte, daughter of Joseph, and cousin
to Achille]. Here it is. But I beg your, keep it confidential. When I came here my uncle
[Joseph Bonaparte] and my mother [Caroline Bonaparte] wished me to marry her. I
declared on the first day that I did not wish to marry and that it was useless to think of it.
My uncle then betrothed here to the son of Louis Napoleon. On returning Spain,, e
by one of those sin gular sympathies, I fell madly in love [with her], anit [lured] to e
see that I was UbftM,. A-y her. But I was sick; I had no hope. I depaefor the Q
Floridas. This was my first trip. My health restored I went back north to see Charlotte
before her departure, which was decreed and set, by I know not whatf for the vry
evening of my arrival. I declared my love to her and she (, oo > p ckek
and one quarter of an hour after having spoken to her of love for the first time we were U, Tf- 4jl
engaged, having sworn fidelity, &c.

After this fine stroke it was a matter of getting the consent of my uncle. But that
was impossible to obtain. I was quite unprepared to accept that. Finally it was decided
that she would go and see her mother again, tell her the truth, tell if to Napoleon, and
being refused by the latter she would return here to marry me. Meanwhile, I would
ingratiate myself with my uncle. After his lovely little project, so prudent, so well
conceived, she departed. I accompanied her several miles on the river.

On my return my uncle was in a frightful rage against me, so much so that I came
back to Florida to ward off the storm and to await the break-up of the marriage to
Napoleon. I often received letters-very passionate ones. They became less frequent.
Then they ceased. Finally, I received a cold letter de faire parte-accompanied by a
request for her letters! I did not reply to it. On the contrary, I wrote to my uncle, who
questioned all of it. How could I compliment him for having destroyed the future of his
daughter by marrying her to a green-horn? Or that he already had an ass for a son-in-
law, &c? And finally, that he would never see me nor receive further news of me. My
letter contained eight pages and was respectful but harsh. I explained to him my desire
to retain his esteem, announcing to him that it was better for me, but that I scoffed at his
wrath. Since then I've had no news of him.

What was most extraordinary in all this is that I was truly in love. I was unable to
sleep. --And having trusted the faithfulness of an absent woman! --After experience as
lengthy and spread out as mine! I must have been mad. Nevertheless it's all in the
past. She is not what I had trusted-the illusion is destroyed, not to return. She has

preferred little maste a pae youngster with a tutor at his heels at the age of twenty,
to a man teste n a storm, ho braves it and knows Ohow to maneuver alone. She has
preferred the luxury, thel abiness thecorruption f the papal court to the simplicity,
the austerity, the republican virtue. May she enjoy her choice-I am disenchanted.
That is not the Charlotte whom I loved.

I'd rather live a bachelor. Since I last wrote to you I have changed my abode. I
owned 1200 acres of poor land and when I'd already lost a year and saw only the
prospect of being ruined if I should continue, I made up my mind to move westward. I
have entered into a partnership with Colonel Gadsden, the candidate for whom I had
voted in the last election, a young man of exceptional merit who, if I am not deceived,
will make his way in a brilliant manner in this country. We have purchased here land of
top quality. He has brought his negroes from Charleston, and I mine from St.
Augustine-he by sea, I by land. I was 31 days driving a wagon through the forest,
bivouacking every night, guiding myself with a compass, &c. Finally I arrived where he
had prepared a small log cabin for us. We are living there together very happy in the
bosom of friendship and philosophy.

Physically, we are living almost like Indians in the midst of the wood, half-clad,
existing from hunting and scattered provisions. But now we are receiving fifteen
newspapers and we have some books, and a post three times a month that brings us
not only newspapers but letters. We are in correspondence with all the important
persons of the Union, &c. The contrast is the most comical in the world. What would
you say on seeing me, a man in a straw hat, tattered dress coat, trousers, blue
stockings and muddy shoes on an emaciated horse coming to consult another dressed
in about the same manner on the construction to be given a treaty made with the
Indians? Yet these are the governor and the commissioner of the state for the treaty on
behalf of the United States.

But listen to them speak. You will hear reason and wisdom clothed in elegance
coming from their mouths. They seat themselves at a table around a piece of salt pork,
and there questions of profound public interest are ably dealt with. Since it is too late to
return to town, a quilt on the floor provides a bed for S.E., who on the morrow goes into
town and in an eloquent speech casts his veto to the vote of the banks already passed
by the legislature. Our governor, W.P. Duval is an excellent man. He has the prettiest
daughter and the finest applejack in the territory.

I work in my garden just as you do and have as much pleasure, and do..otflog a
the negroes any more than you do. This will be the subject of one of my ^-^^^~y l
(fetter^) I had a little mulatto girl, just fourteen, who had cost me 100 louis [2000 gold nc\tcor
francs]. She was as lovely as one could wish. A scoundrel of a priest killed her, and V^0^
here is how. She was having a baby and I sent her to stay in town to be delivered. {h \
Some months earlier I had told my cure that he was just an impudent imposter and
hypocrite. The rascal, in revenge, availed himself of Mary's sojourn of a month in town t" t.OS) $

to convert her, that is to say, seduce her, but the poor little girl was so attached to me
that he could not succeed. He then tried to persuade her that after having damned

[defiled] her I was going to sell her. But instead of convincing her he drove her insane.
She broke her baby's neck and died in my arms without recognizing me, and speaking
only of my abandoning her. I was very attached to her. Had she been white I would
have made a very tender romance of it, but since she is [colored] I had to keep silent
and suffer it without self-pity until I meet my villain and horse whip him. He has left the
country. A German author would makelsT fIfto--te by defying the prejudice that
Sexists against the love between master and slave in this ountry.(Quek. souffleAe1
la quelquejeune poete!) _ -

n generalpriests do a much harm as elsewhAre. bne believes it but
everyone pretends to believe it (except me) and the people do not vote for the infidels
as they are called.

A large part of my time is taken up with the study of law and I hope to be
admitted to the bar next year. I shall have an income next year, and I shall live less
rustically, and in 10 years I shall be one of the wealthy planters and one of the good
counselors at law of the country.

I have responded to your question about Lafayette. Now answer me this: What
the devil is this Greek affair all about? How will it end? Is it a matter of principle? Is it
just a simple revolt against tyranny? We hear nothing about it although there is a
barber in New York who shaves on Mondays for the benefit of the Greeks!

Do give me news of Pfuhl and remember me to him when you write. I thank you
for your news of Girard but I would like to see them happier. Jerome's son in this
country is a young man of very great attainments, or better to say, of great promise.
That will console him for the other matter.

Adieu, my dear friend. You see that I have tried not to appear obvious. When in
my writing your man of ability is not present, I cannot avail myself of him. My warmest
regards to all of your family.

I forgot to tell you that on the 7th of this month [January] we placed in Tallahassee
the first stone of the future Capitol. Just 18 months ago there was only forest there.
Today there are more than 100 houses and 300 inhabitants-a newspaper-a speech
delivered for the occasion-a dinner for 50 persons-Jackson's cabinet in full dress, &c.
Isn't that magic?

Mr. A. Thome, Faubourg de Namur, Chauss6e d. Eterbeck, No. 47, Brussels.

13 August 1826

My dear and esteemed friend,

It is quite a long time since I have written to you or received news of you. I
am not uneasy however about this latter circumstance, not having received news of my
family for more than four and a half months. I imagine it is just something wrong with
the post of the mail boat. Where I am silent it is much more urgent to explain the
reason to you. The last letter I wrote to you was that of January 12th. A few days
afterwards, I don't recall the date, I sent you a large parcel containing an anonymous
letter, copies of important paper relative to the quarrel between my father and my uncle.
I hope you have received everything and that you will not be weary of it. I sat down to
compose a second anonymous letter but I was interrupted

(Hammond did not finish translating this) <- -

Letter # 14

My dear friend,

Only day before yesterday did I receive yourli'4J-etter of the 22nd of
February last, and I cannot tell you the pleasure that it gave me. When I shall have
given you my reasons for having been so long in writing you'll see that I do not lack for
excuses. Two months after having written to you I came down with the same illness
that I had in Austria and my hands were paralyzed for 8 months. Only a short while ago
I began to write and you can perhaps see that my writing has not yet recovered its
accustomed beauty. My health, however, is entirely restored, but I have had a good
lesson in not leaving warm climates. I have had only a glimpse of our first part of the
history of Napoleon, my uncle guarding it with great jealousy. It seems that the letter of
which he speaks to you had greatly offended him and I would have written you about it
at the time had I been able to write. I had left my uncle in October; it is therefore quite
plain that he was not speaking of me in his letter knowing that we correspond directly.
Since then I have no further knowledge of your work nor of his opinions on the subject
for in his letters he is extremely laconic.

I have not received any more the Revue Trimestrielle of which you spoke, but I
am writing today to have it sent to me. An American journal has mentioned my fictional
letters in a bittersweet manner and I am very curious to read them again. Its
observations, however, related particularly to my first and last letters. I therefore do not
understand when you tell me that only the 2nd and 3rd have been published. I have
been expecting to see these letters much more criticized in America than they have
been up to now for the reason that I speak the truth and that I take sides in them. But
we are extremely touchy about what they say about us in Europe, but with the least little
suggestion, however flattering, the rest of the picture is restored. I should wait until all
those who are of a different persuasion criticize my views. The journal which has
spoken of them has not guessed the author for its says that he would have lived for
many long years in America in order to obtain such intimate knowledge, &c., of the
customs and politics of the country. But I had only been here for two and a half years
when I wrote those letters.

(Ilk V- I- i I L k
--p I IL I,;, % -

4 ,4 ii s -- klftlc o<

-e_ AN'15
vvc c ,)

I don't believe I shall be in a situation to continue them for a long time, having at
present a great number of occupations which will suffer. The note which you wrote to
me Mr. Stughes has sent to Mr. Crawford. It gave me great pleasure since it was
favorable to him. In the heat of the election he did get justice and public opinion of him
was entirely changed. I am personally convinced that I was deceived as to his
character and would like to do him this justice.

Being deprived of the use of my hands and having nothing to do I set about the
study of the law and three months after having opened the first law book I made my
appearance at the bar in a very intricate case where I made a lengthy speech for the
defense. From that time I have continued so that I am a true member of the bar, adding
the profession, counselor-at-law, to my business as a planter. The study of law is
extremely pleasant to me and the practice is rewarding. Besides, from it I get, or better
to say I hope to get, an income. With the exception of three other barristers all the rest
(and we have 28 of them in the superior court) are just a pack of animals eating hay.
Three or four of them always cite authority favorable to the other party. You may
imagine that I dcls- fshe opportunity to ridicule them, to thank them for being so
obliging, to repeat their argument in order to mimic them, &c. In general the Jury is put
in good humor, the judge is kept awake and except when the deeds [crimes] are too
obvious I win my case. Meanwhile I have for the next court a constitutional question of
great interest which I expect to treat seriously.

Perhaps I shall write you an(anonymous letter the common law, which is
indeed a magnificent system of reason applied to the practical needs of society. It is
quite different and generally quite contriaJoman law. and learned "urist that v UjL.,
- are, you will understand nothing i an action of assumpsit ofof trespass sur tracerorin
S process depuis darrein contnuancea judgement at nisiprius. And besides the fact
that the system is extremely intricate the jargon which is used is the most ludicrous
mixture of macaronic latin, Norman, and Old English. Since my illness I have read
some hundred volumes of this kind and, can you believe it?, with pleasure. This winter I
expect to put my plantation into the hands of one of my fine brothers and give myself
over entirely to the bar.

Since there is not theatre open in Florida I shall probably go to live in New
Orleans where I hope to be able to make a Iviging in this way.

You say that since you left Austria you make your living principally by your pen.
That is what I'm trying to do at the moment. I have incurred some expenses for
expanding my plantation which all my revenue on this side [of the Atlantic] will scarcely
be sufficient to pay but I am far from discouraged. I am trying to turn up some other
source for meeting the expenses of my household. I have never been so hard-pressed
as I am now, but that only serves to redouble my diligence and courage. This past
month I wrote an article on the Army of the United States which will be published in
December in the American Quarterly Review of Mr. Walsh; it pays 2 dollars per page.
Besides, I have written a political brochure on the tariff question which agitates the

I OS~-

entire Union. It is being printed in Charleston where I hope it will sell well. I have just
begun a novel, not historical, for here it is unlike your side of the ocean. We have so
much of the practical in everything that we are getting weary of it and now prefer the
imagination, principally description of customs and manners, in the genre of Walter
Scott and Cooper. I am going to try that course, not for posterity, but for the library. I
don't know that I shall succeed. After all that I've said, you must see that I'm not idle. I
spend every morning writing and every afternoon reading light books such as Munfort's
reports, Grand's reports, &c., and my leisure time is spent with journals, reviews and
other literary works. Meanwhile I spend my time in a very pleasant way in a regular
round of occupations broken only now and then by visits in the neighborhood, the court,
reviewing my regiment, elections, &c.

For the last six months I have become almost a complete American citizen which
makes my sojourn in the country even more pleasant than before. Your observations
on the events in Europe appear to be very sound. I do not believe the end is in sight,
and as for my children, I fear all the eggs have been broken. To me it seem quite
unlikely however that the affairs of Turkey and Portugal can be straightened out without
a general war which certainly would have very important political consequences. The
liberal system would appear to remove it completely from France, at least for the
moment. It is perhaps only an oscillation of the political see-saws, it seems to me,
meanwhile, that with each ebb and flow the old debris of the counter revolution is
pushed back farther on the shore and that in the end the nation will reject it completely
as the natural result of events and the times and without any extraordinary convulsion.
Everything has become so confused in South America and Ireland; how will it turn out?
We are certainly living in a strange century.

Continue to give me news of our family. I have the greatest interest in them. I
hope that you are now reunited with Madame Thibaudeau to whom I beg you to convey
my warm regards. Remember me to Adolph. Day before yesterday I received a letter
from Lucien who is big and fat living with my uncle after having squandered or lost three
fourths of his fortune. He does nothing at all except enjoy himself amid the pleasures of
Philadelphia. He has maintained a great attachment for you and certainly would have
charged me to express it to you for him had he foreseen that I would be writing to you.
My wife is quite well. I continue to be very happy with her, but-she dos not mupltiply
and I ma delighted to learn that you don't think it is my fault.,

It is a pleasure for me to write you all thi tiresomrepetitio-n which surely has
small interest for you or anyone else, but you couldn't believe the pleasure it affords me.
It brings back the old times, and in truth, it is so rare to find in life someone with whom
our sentiments, opinions, principles, &c., agree almost completely that it is quite natural
that when this someone is found one does not like to give him up. I sometimes dream
of the pleasure I would have in seeing you again. It is almost a dream but then it could
happen. It is possible that in a year or two I may get to England to look after some
money matters, and if I could then go and pay you a short visit it would indeed be
delightful. Give me compliments to Mr. Hughes. Thank him for his politeness to me

and tell him that I have placed an order in Charleston to send him a copy of my
pamphlet on the tariff. You read English-you can see it.

I shall write you more often in the future. Adieu, my most affectionate regards,

Achille Murat

Letter # 15

29 July 1829

My dear friend,

Last week I received your letter of April 4th just when I was preparing to
write and give you an account of my trip to New Orleans. Your letter gave me the
greatest pleasure and I very heartily wish you success in efforts to return to France. I
understand the happiness that Madame Thibaudeau will feel about it and I cannot help
but envy the happiness which you will enjoy near your son. When I received your letter
in which you spoke of the success of your son in manufacturing flint glass Dr. Cooper,
Professor of Chemistry in the University of South Carolina, was visiting at my house,
and when I told him the results which Adolph had obtained he appeared to be
astonished and to consider them a great discovery. You should know this Dr. Cooper.
He is a native Englishman who in 1791 or 1793 was sent as a deputy to the Jacobins of
Paris by a revolutionary society of Manchester. He was obliged to leave England and
seek refuge here where he became physician, then lawyer, then judge, than professor
of chemistry and president of the university, and now he expects to retire in my
neighborhood and live on a plantation and occupy himself with publishing his writings
which are numerous. He is a man of rare merit; having him as a neighbor will be for me
extremely pleasant if his plan materializes.

You are correct in saying that the profession of lawyer when it is fulfilled ought to
be considered as a kind of priesthood. It is entirely with this point of view that I
envisage it and that it is generally regarded in the United States, or moreover, it is as in
England the calling which offers the best chance of advancement. If you knew the chief
[members] of the bar in the States you would form a very high opinion of the profession
in this country. It is my observation that it is better regarded here than in other countries
because, enjoying the greater freedom in a country grounded entirely by law, they are
not only lawyers, but hey combine this metier with that ouriiconsultpublicists,
orators, statesmen, and if necessary, they are the ones who have been called to
command armies. Our lawyers are more of the genre of Cicero, than of Lord Koke or
Littleton. You see that having entered a profession so brilliant and so broad I do not
pursue it solely with the idea of drawing from my work an additional income, but with a
noble ambition morel literary and philosophical than politicalthat is what impels me. I
am, however, much obligated to you for having defended ne.

~&VL4 ~ e~c~

You have then nothing to fear as far as my morality is concerned. I can proudly
boast that since my marriage my conduct has been extremely irreproachable. Be
assured that without that I would not enjoy the personal esteem with which I see myself
surrounded. At the moment negotiations have been initiated with me by the
government for offering me a judgeship. I don't believe I shall accept it because it
would interfere with my practice, without giving me equivalent compensation.

The city of New Orleans pleased me. The morals there are much better than
they are generally reputed to be. The city is slandered because there they dance on
Sunday and don't observe Presbyterian hypocrisy. But the society there is quite
backward. With some exceptions the bar is also, and the profession is conducted with a
spirit of sordidness and chicanery into which I could never venture. The era of great
fortunes is past, and besides, I would not care to acquire them as they have been.

I intend to write you a anoymous lette n the condition of the bar in the United
States in which [shall speak of all that at great length. I am disgusted with the calling of
"man of letters." My pamphlet on the tariff was published in Charleston, but with so
many misprints which distort its meaning that I cannot acknowledge it, and any profit I
might have hoped for is lost. I am angered by it. That is the result of the system
pursued by the new administration which is busy cleaning the Augean stables; pearls
are sometimes turned up in the middle of dung. These are the unfortunate applications
of a principle which in itself is good.

I have read with interest what you told me about the condition of industry in
France. I was unaware that the hardship was as extensive as you represent it. Yet all
Europe suffers from the same stagnation. I don not believe it comes from any local
cause. In England the suffering is even greater than in France and elsewhere. The
immense facilities which the improvements have brought to the sciences and arts have
been offered to industry and placed in a position to produce more than can be
consumed. There is the source of the trouble. The only remedies are either to
decrease production or increase consumption. That can be achieved in a thousand
different ways, the simplest however, is to continue the division of inheritances. That
should of necessity create a state of general well being which will consume much more
than a few great fortunes and a lot of beggars, and which will produce less.

The monopoly of foreign commerce is in this century a chimera. All nations have
become or are becoming manufacturers, and we are approaching a time when the
exchange of commodities among nations will be limited to raw products of different
climates and to manufactured articles which nature itself has limited to certain countries
and which are in rather small number. The financial economy of all European nations
has been up to now a hot-house plant. Governments have striven to push it without
ever doubting that it could grow too rapidly. That is however the case at present as the
state of stagnation of which you speak proves abundantly.

Like you I see only gloom in the war in the East. The truth is that I take little
interest in it. Should the war become general it would be something else, but all the

governments are too interested in maintaining peace, and in truth I see not great
difference between the Turkish yoke and the Russian yoke to wish for a change.

The passage of the emancipation act is of itself only a revolution, but of more
importance. It appears to me to presage the beginning of decline and the approach of
total disaster for England. The idea is to lengthy for explanation in one letter, but here is
the outline.

England is a poor country devoid of every natural advantage which only gained
superiority and its apparent prosperity by a factory system built on injustice, violence,
and monopoly. This system can not endure because the English people themselves
cannot long continue to be the slaves of the clergy and the noble and merchant
aristocracy. But as soon as that factory system is destroyed the magic chains which
untie the British Empire will be destroyed and the different parts will resume among the
nations the place that nature has assigned to them, which is quite mediocre. In a word,
the power and wealth obtained by a system unjust and artificial can be sustained and
preserved only by similar means. Any return to the natural order would necessarily
bring the collapse of the artificial structure. We have nothing of that kind to fear. Our
government, although complicated, is certainly the most natural, and our territory is,
taken as a whole, the most fortunately situated. The last administration tried and
succeeded in establishing a customs system similar to those of Europe which was
designed to protect industry at the expense of agriculture. The country is still very
divided on this subject but the state of stagnation of which they complain in Europe has
already begun in the east and I doubt that until another change in administration the
nation will be entirely recovered from this grievous system.

Since I have been in the United States and found there a fatherland, I see
European affairs quite differently than I did previously. I am in a situation for viewing
those matters more dispassionately and for speaking the truth. It seems to me that
France is much better governed than any other nation of Europe. It appears to me that
the government is trying to carry out the Charter in good faith in a milieu of two-fold
opposition. The projects of law on municipal administration are proof of it and I cannot
excuse the liberals for failing to embrace them warmly. Many little, commonplace
annoyances have no doubt taken place but that proves that the nation is tranquil since it
has nothing worse to complain about.

I have written to you a longer and more serious letter than usual. It is the result
of a change which has taken place for some time in my personality. I am becoming
more serious. I have become so fat that you would no longer recognize me. You know
that my mother's family generally got fat at about age thirty, and I have become short
and fat like my uncles. I am even getting bald. I hope that it is a prognosis of wisdom.
My health is excellent.

Adieu, my dear friend. I don't know where this letter fill find you. May I continue
to write to you if you return to France? Let me know and also your address. Give my
most tender regards to all your family, and never doubt my friendship for you.


I am sorry about the death of Cavaignac of whom I saw a great deal in Naples. I
was close to his children. What has become of them?

Aim6 Thome
Faubourg de Namur, Chaussee d'Eterbeck #97, Bruxelles via Antwerp.

Letter # 18

Monsieur le Comte Thibaudeau in Paris

Lipona 23 Oct. 1830
R. et. Rep. 23 Dec. in London

My dear friend,

It is almost fifteen months since I have written to you, and the only
excuses I have for this long silence is that I had put off writing pending a visit which I
made to my uncle last summer, thinking to find there news of you, and just when I was
about to execute my project I was surprised by an attack of illness and forced to return
here very hastily, and that only a few days ago thanks to the kindness of a friend. I can
[now] give you my news.

I am addressing this letter to you in Paris thinking of the glorious events that took
place there last July. They must recall you to France. For I have no doubt that the law
which banished you will be repealed and that the King of the Low Countries [Belgium]
will be pleased to get rid of you very quickly. I also hope that if you go back to France ifj
will not be as an idle spectator of the events there, but that the new government will
employ you in a capacity commensurate with your ability, your experience, and your
virtues. It is to the new government that the liberals of all shades and all countries
ought, I believe, to rally in good faith, keeping silent on secondary concerns in the face
of the major objective of making headway against the common enemy. It is at any rate
quite certainly the course I should take were I now called to involve myself in the affairs
of Europe. It is beyond question that only a republican France can long endure in the-
midst of the oligarchical governments of Europe without being crushed. As long as the
present enthusiasm lasts, the whole world will approve, but in a year or so when it
subsides the different shades of the liberal party will begin to divide. It is to be feared
that then the coalition, choosing the right time, will crush the revolution. This danger will
be completely avoided if Italy and Spain follow the example of France. These three
nations, reunited, would mutually assure their liberty and soon-I hope-that of all
Europe. I am so convinced that that is the general opinion in these three countries that
from day to day I wait to receive the news of Spanish and Italian revolutions. All he
nations of Europe will arm themselves during this winter for the season is too far along

V N R..

now to launch a campaign. I expect a general war to commence next spring which will
decide forever the destiny of revolution in Europe.

I do not know whether the law which exiled me will be repealed as in your case,
but in any event I imagine the French government will have no objection to allowing me
to make a trip to Paris for a few months. I am so certain of it that I plan to set out in a
few weeks for Cowes [Isle of Wight] where I shall await the decision of the government.

I have as you know strong claims in France which are dragging out for a long
time and which my presence in Paris could perhaps expedite. I also wish to take
advantage of this occasion to see once more my native city and the many friends I have
there. I do not count on settling in France, for having become and American citizen, as
you know, and being very fond of this country which agrees entirely with my tastes it
would require major considerations for me to renounce it. Besides, I feel more a
stranger in France than Lucien was in the Chamber of Peers of the "Hundred Days,"
and certainly I shall not expose myself for speaking as he did, nor shall I meddle with
matters that do not concern me. It is then as an American citizen that I expect to visit
Paris and the court. If, meanwhile, the campaign of next spring should develop in Italy,
and if I should be though essential or even useful in the reunion of the liberal party of
the country, and if at the same time I should see a good chance of delivering Italy from
the foreign yoke, establishing there a republican government, if not in form at least in
principle; if France should deem it proper to sustain the Italian revolution with an army,
then I would be delighted to offer my services to the French government, and no
sacrifice of custom, taste or interest would cause me pain. Besides, these possibilities
are so remote that I dare not admit them to myself and I mention them to you only to
maintain my old habit of completely baring my soul to you.

I do not deceive myself that it is possible that the government might set up a few
obstacles in the way of my return to France. I am especially fearful lest some of
Jerome's follies compromise the whole family. I am writing to General Lafayette and
Count Manbourg, imploring them to use their good offices (in case the law of
banishment is not repealed) to obtain for me the authorization to return, and I hope that
you would be willing to add your efforts in the matter. You know my character and my
principles better than any of them. In fact it is you whom I regard chiefly as my master
in politics, and I know that I can count on your friendship entirely. Since I have no doubt
that you enjoy great influence under the new government I am sure that you will use it
willingly toward my return. An official request to this effect will be made by the
American minister, of whom I shall give you information on time and place, and it is with
him and the two persons named above that I beg your to cooperate. Reply to this letter
as soon as possible. Address it to the American Ministry in London to which I expect to
repair to await the result of my efforts. I need not tell you the pleasure I shall have
greeting you as well as your wife and Adolphe. I expect to bring my wife with me. In
the meantime, until I have the pleasure of seeing you again, be assured of my tender


P.S. I hope that you still have the protestation which I left in your hand on leaving
Austria. You understand of what importance it could be for me. You can show it if you
judge it useful in my interests.