Summary of state nursery-stock shipping requirements and plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments


Material Information

Summary of state nursery-stock shipping requirements and plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments
Physical Description:
Hoyt, Avery S
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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aleph - 30600493
oclc - 794003197
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Full Text


Anp-us t 17t 194I9



.The information. contained. in this, summary was coinnilel from material
received front the plant quarantine ,official of. Wnshin -tcn ani has been ea~proved byr him. 1It is issue(! for. the convenience of plant quarantine inspectnrs, shippers, transportation agents, truckers, and othor concerned
in tho interstate movement of plants, plannt products, and othor miat -rials
subject to State rem.,ltion -on account of'plant pOcsts.

The surmvery for Yashln--ton, gives the' general requirements for shipping nursery stock into that St~to, :rs well as di,,-,ests of the State plant
quar01tins ai rgultions affetn ancrtte shipments' -An !p9OPnlix
furnishes information on requirements for mr~iling plants s
~well as terminptl-inspection 'Oroce~lura. *This summary does not include
dligest~of nursery-stock ohr ilant-quarantine requirements r 1 tin, to te
movement of plants entirely' within the State.

The information contained i~n this circalar, is, believed to be correct
an-1 complete up to thie time of preparnticn, but it is not intended to be
use0d independently of or as a substitute for the original texts of the
regulations nmd quarantines, and it is not to be ilnterpreted. as leg-ally
authoritative,* For detailed information aid~rbs! the Supervisor of Horticulture, State Departmeint (,f Ag riculture, Olympa -ahnton.

In addition to State requirements, shippers will no.ed t' take into
consideration-applicable plant quarantines of the United Statss Depsrtment
of Agriculture.. In most instances these quarantines realate the interstate movement of specified plants, plr~nt products, and otirnr rticlpes
fro designated re.;ulatedl areas. However, some of these quarantines regulate the interstate movement of certain articles int o ~si_,nated. protected
areas. Copies of7 such quarantines maer be- olatinerl from the Burenalu of
Entcmolo,- and Plant Quarantine, Washin, -to-n 25, D. C.

A Actinsg Chif B reau of Enkolog and.
?lant _,iarajntine

Yashington nursery-stock
shipping requirements


Summary of Genera.l Nursery-Stock Shipping Requirements
(Wash. Hort.Laws 1943, secs.2783,2839,2858,2S61,2863?2865,a274)

Definition of Nursery Stock.--"Fruit trees, fruit tree stock, nut trees, grapevines, fruit bushes, rose bushes, rose stock, forest and ornamental trees and shrubs (both deciduous and evergreen), bulbs, florists' stock,. and cuttings, scions, and seedlings of fruit or ornamental trees or shrubs, and all other fruit bearin plants and parts thereof and plant products for propagation or planting (vegetable plants excluded)."

General Shipping Requirements.--Anyone wishing to transport nursery stock into Yashington or sell nursery stock in the State must first obtain a license from the Director of Agriculture, Olympia. License fees are as follows: $5 for nurserymen who grow ?ll the stock they sell; $15 for other nurserymen, dealers, brokers, and landscape architects; and $1 for agents. No license will be issued to any agent unless he represents a licensed nurseryman or dealer. Alilicenses expire on July 1 following date of issue.

The Director of Agriculture may enter into reciprocal agreements with other States under which no license fees are charged to licensed nurserymen or dealers of the reciprocating State.

Each shipment or container of trees, shrubs, plants, vines, cuttings grafts, scions, buds, fruit pits, fruit, vegetables, or seed brought into Vashingtonmust be plainly marktd to show the names and addresses of shipper, owner, and consi;nee, a statement of the contents, and the name of the State or Territory where the contents were grown.

Any person intending to ship nursery stock into Washington must notify the Director of Agriculture, Olympia. The notice should show the names and addresses of consignor, consignee, and transportation agency andi should be mailed not later than date of shipment. Such shipments should be plainly marked with a statement of the contents on the outside of the

Anyone receiving shipments of nursery stock from outside the State
from persons not licensed to engage in nursery business must have such stock inspected upon arrival.

Transportation companies must notify a washington horticultural inspector of the arrival of shipments of nursery stock, fruits, and vegetables from outside the State and hold such shipments for inspection, exceptt that cut flowers, potted plants, .and. greenhouse products which show a general inspection shall be exempt."

Washington nursery-stock
s hipping requirements

It is unlawful for anyone to substitute inferior or different varieties of nursery stock for those ordered or to ship into or sell in the State infected nursery stock.

Infected or infested plants or plant products, which are passing
through Washihgton and are liable to disseminate pests or diseases while In transit, must be placed in sealed containers which must not be opened while in the State.Plant Materials Subject to Terminal Inspection

The State of Washington has arranged, undei' the plan explained in the appendix, for terminal inspection of the following materials: All florists' stock, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions, buds, fruit pits and other seeds of fruit and ornamental trees or shrubs, and other plants abd plant products in the raw or unmanufactured state, except vegetable and flower seeds.

-The State has also arranged for the enforcement of all quarantine
orders in the-following summary except those pertaining to azalea flower spot and bacterial ring rot.

Terminal Inspection Points in Washington

Bellingham Ellensburg Olympia Spokane
Brewster Ephrata Oroville Vancouver
Cashmere Everett Pateros Walla Walla
Chehalis Grandview Port Angeles Wenatchee
Chelen Kennewick Prosser White Salmon
Clarkston Mount Vernon Puyallup Yakima
Colville Okanogan Seattle Zilah

Washington plant

Summary of State Plant quarantines

Azalea Flower Spot
(quarantine Order No. 28, dated Oct. 19, 1944)

Anyone intending to ship azaleas or rhododendrons into Washington from the infected territory shall so notify the director of Agriculture, Olympia, in advance of shipment, stating that he has complied with the requirements of the quarantine.

Each shipment of such plants must be labeled on the outside of each car or container with the names and addresses of the consignor and consignee, a statement of the contents, and the name of the State or Territory where contents were grown.

Each shipment of azaleas or rhododendrons coming from the infected territory must be accompanied by State-of-origin certification stating where the original cuttings or plants were obtained, that they were grown in a nursery known to be free from the azalea flower spot disease, and that the topsoil was removed, under official supervision, to a depth of at least 1 inch immediately prior to shipment.

Infected territory

Alabama Georgia Mississippi South Carolina
Florida Louisiana North Carolina Texas
California: That part south of and including the counties of Los Angeles,
San Bernardino, Santa Barbara, and Ventura

Bacterial Ring Rot
(quarantine Order No, 31, effective Mar. 18, 1948)

Each shipment of certified seed potatoes into Washington must be accompanied by a valid certificate of the State of origin, issued at point of origin, stating that (1) the pdtatoes are certified by anakabeled in accordance with the regulations of the official certifying agency of the State of origin, and (2) such potatoes are reported to be free from bacterial ring rot.

Certified seed potatoes moving into Washington are subject to inspection upon arrival or in transit, and if found infected with bacterial ring rot they are subject to disposal as directed by the inspector'

Washington plant


Oherry Fruit Flies
(quarantine Order No. 13, effective June 19, 19)47)

Fresh cherries may not be moved into the noninfestel areas in
Washington from the areas in Idaho and Oregon infested with cherry fruit flies. No containers used for cherries produced in the infested areas may be transported into the noninfested areas of Washington unless accompanied. by State-of-origin certification that they have been cleaned and sterilized under official supervision.

Cherry fruits grown, packed, and stor64 in, and shippcI from the noninfested areas of Idaho and. Oregon into the noninfested areas of Washington must be accompanied by State-of-origin certification stating the locality where the cherries were grown and packd e and names an! aldresses of grower, shipper, and conmsignee. A copy of each certificate must be naile in advance of shipment to the Director of Agriculture, Olympia.

Noninfested areas

Idaho: Entire State except counties of Benewah, Kootenai, Latah,
Nez Perce

Oregon: Counties of Baker, Cos, Curry, Douglas, Jackson,
Josephine, Lake, MPlheur, Umptilla, Wallowa

Washington: That part of Whitman County immediately adjacent to the
Snake River, and the counties cf Adams, Chelan, Columbia,
Douglas, Ferry, Garfiel4, Grant, Lincoln, OkanoDan,
PenI Oreille, Stevens

Washington plant

Chestnut Bark Disease
(Quarantine Order No. g, effective June 10, 1927)

The movement of chestnut or chinquapin trees or parts thereof, including cuttings, grafts, and scions, of any species or variety, into Washington from all States and districts east of and including Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico, is prohibited.

Crown and Cane Gall of Berry Plants

See Strawberry Root leevils and Crown and Cane Gall of Berry Plants.

Eastern Filbert Blight

(Quarantine Order No. 6, effective June 10, 1927)

The movement of trees, grafts, cuttings, and scions of all filbert and hazel, including the American wild hazel, into TW~ashington from all States east of and including Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico, is prohibited.

Washington plant

ErGpeanGern -Borer
(Quarantine'Order No. 1S, revised effective June 28, 1945)

Regulated prodcts.--Cornstalks, corn on the cob, cobs, or other parts or debris of corn, broomcorn, sorghums, or Sudan grass (except clean seed and shelled grain) ; cut flowers or entire plants of aster, chrysanthemum, dahlia, and gladiolus (except corms, bulbs, or tubers without stems); and beans in the pod, beets with tops, and rhubarb.

Conditions governing movement.--Any of the regulated products will be admitted into Washington from the infested areas when accompanied by certification signed by (1) a Federal inspector certifying that such material in each lot or shipment was treated under his supervision in such manner as to eliminate all risk of transmitting the borer, or (2) an official of the State of origin certifying that such material was treated in a manner and by a method. Washington Director of Agriculture. Such certificate shall also state details and place of treatment.

Beans in the pod, beets with tops, rhubarb (cut or plants), cut flowers or entire plants of aster and chrysanthemum, or ,ntire plants of dahlia and gladiolus grown or stored in the infested areas will be admitted into Washington when accompanied by certification by a Federal inspector ar an inspector of the State of origin that such material was inspected and found free from the borer, except that cut flowers and entire plants of chrysanthemunm, and rhubarb (cut or plants) propagated and grown in a greenhouse in the infested area will be admitted when so certifitd by an inspector of the State of origin.

There are no restrictions on the movement of regulated products that are processed or manufactured.

Infested areas

Connecticut Massachusetts Pennsylvania
Delaware Michigan Rhode Island
Illinois Minnesota Tennessee: Counties of
Indiana Mi s souri Montgomery,Sumner,
Iowa Nebraska Robertson
Kantas New Hampshire Vermont
Kentucky New Jersey Virginia
Maine New York West Virginia
Maryland North Carolina Wisconsin

Washington plant

Grape hyl~,v ra
(Quarantine Order No. 25, revised effective Mar. 30, 1943)

Each shipment of grapevines or cuttings (rooted or not)' into
Wqshington from other States and Territories must be accompanied by certification of the State of origin or by a Federal inspector stating that such viqes or cuttings (1) were grown in an area known to be free from grape 6irjlloxera or (2) were treated by one of the three methods specified in the quarantine and thereafter stored so as to prevent teinfestation.

Each shipment of grape nursery stock must have a statement of the contents plainly marked on the outside of the container.

Narcissus Bulb Nematode
(Quarantine Order No. 5, revised effective Sept. 30, 1946)

Bulbs of the genus Narcissus shipped into Washington must have at-tached to each container a certificate of the State of origin certifying that (1) 0ll bulbs in the shipment are from fields inspected during the growing season and found fxee from nematode, or (2) if the bulbs were found to be so infested they were given the specified hot-water treatment under the supervision of a State or Federal official.

Certified narcissus bulbs taken from original containers for reshipment into Washington must have securely attached to each container the tag or label of the shipper, signed by him :nd reading as follows; "The undersigned certifies that the narcissus bulbs contained herein were teken from a shipment of narcissus bulbs certified by a proper of-. ficial of the State of origin, and that they meet the requirements of State of Washington Quarantine Order No. 5."

Narcissus bulbs originating outside of the continental United States may be permitted. to move into Washington subject to specified provisions.

Washington. plant.

Peach Yellows, P.each.Rosette, and Little Peach
(Quarantine Order No. 9;-revised effective Mar. 30, 1943)

Restricted products.--Trees, cuttings, grafts, scions, or buds of all species and varieties, including the flowering forms, of almond, apricot, nectarine, peach, and plum, or any trees budded or grafted on peech stock or pedch roots.

Conditions governing movement.--RestriCted products grown in ani shipped from the infected territory will not be permitted to enter Washington.

Restricted products grown in noninfected areas will be admitted into Washington when each shipment is accompanied by a statement signed by anm official of the State where shipment is made, stating where such trees were grown and the source of such restricted products. All shipments of nursery stock must be plainly marked with the contents on the outside of the container.

No restrictions are placed on experiments of the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the State Experiment Stations in Washington, when a permit is issued by the Director of Agriqulture, Olympia.

Infected territory

Alabama Kentucky Ohio
Arkansas Maryland Oklahoma
Connecticut Massachusetts Pennsylvania
Delaware Michigani Rhode Island
District of Columbia Mississippi South Carolina
Florida New Jersey Tennessee
Georgia New York Virginia
Illinois North Carolina West Virginia

Strawberry Root Weevils and Crown and Cane Gall of Berry Plants
(Quarantine Order No. 17, effective July 11, 1933)

Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, black-raspberry, and loganberry plants for propagation purposes may not be moved into Washington from other States unless each shipment is accompanied by a certificate of the State of origin showing that such plants were inspected and found free from pests and diseases. The roots and containers of such plants must be free of soil.

Washington plant


Vetch Weevil
(Quarantine Order No. 22, revised effective Apr. 13, 1944)

Vetch seed grown in or shipped from the infested territory will not be admitted into Washington unless each shipment or lot of such seed is accompanied by a certificate of the State of origin affirming that all such seed was (1) fumigated, using one of the approved methods specified, and safeguarded from reinfestation, or (2) grown in and shipped from an area in the infested territory determined by annual surveys to be noninfested and protected from reinfestation, when the Director of Agriculture, Olympia, is so notified in writing by the authorized official of such State.

All such certificates must give the name and quantity of vetch seed shipped, the locality where grown, and details of shipments. A copy of such certificate must be sent at time of shipment to the Director of Agriculture, Olympia.

All vetch seed transported into Washington is subject to inspection.

Infested territory

Alabama Idaho Oregon

Connecticu t Maryland Pennsylvania

Delaware Missi ssippi South Carolina

District of Columbia Few Jersey Virginia

Georgia North Carolina

The foregoing summary was checked and approved on August 23, 1949, by William H. Shaw, Supervisor of Horticulture.


Requirements for Mailing Plants and Plant Products
Under the postal laws and regulations, nursery stock, .ircludi~ 'll field-grown florists' stock, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings grafts, scions, buds, fruit pits, and other seeds of fruit and afaamental trees or shrubs, and other plants and plant products for propagation, including strawberry plants (except field, vegetable, and flower seeds, bedding plants ,and other herbaceous plants, bulbs, and' roots), may be admitter to the mails only when accompanied by a State inspection certificate to the effect that the nursery or premises from which such stock is shipped has ben inspected within a year and found free from injurious insects and plant diseases. Parcels containing such nursery stock must be plaTinly mrked to show, tha nature of the contents and the name and address of the sender. (Postal Laws and Regulatins 1940, sec. 595.) Inspection and certification must be done by a plant quarantine official of the State of origin. An individual mailing of such plants or plant products, if from uninspected premises, will also be accepted upon examination and certification by a State plant quarantine official. The address of the Washington plant quararntine official is given in th? preceding summary.

Terminal Inspection of Mail Shipments of Plants and Plant Products
(Act Mar. 4, 1915, as amended June 4, 1936; Postal Laws and Regulations 1940, sec. 596)

Establishment of Terminal Inspection.--Any State desiring to operate under the provisions of the terminal inspection law so as to regulate the movement of mail shipments of plants and plant products into (or within) the State may, after having provided therefor at State expense and having designated one or more places where inspection will be maintained, arrange to have such mail shipments turned over to State plant quarantine inspectors for examination at designated inspection points. Application will be made to the Secretary of Agriculture by submitting a list of plants and plant products and the plant pests transmitted thereby, which are to be examined. The list, when approved in whole or in part, will be transmitted to the Postmaster General whereupon postmasters will be informed and instructed.

Anyone mailing a parcel .containing any plants or plant products oddressed to any place withinn a State maintaining terminal inspection thereof is required, under the law, to have the n:rcel pla inly marked on the outside to show the nature of the contents. 1'.terials shipped under Federal quarantine certificates issued by the Bureau of Entomolo y and Plant Q-Mrantine may be exempted from termin-al inspection at the option of the receiving State.

Under the provisions of the 1936 amendment to the law, any State may arrange through Federal channels, after approval by the Secretary of Agriculture as indicated above, to regulate or prohibit the movement into

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3 1262 09314 9051

(or within) the State of mail shipments of-designated plants and plant products the movement of which would congtitnte a violation of State plant quarantine laws or regulations.

Terminal Inspection Procedure.--Upon arrival in any State maintaining terminal inspection, plants or plant products named on the approved list will be forwarded by the postmaster at destination to the nearest inospection point. If the plants or plant products are found, upon inspectio.n, to be free from injurious pests and not in violation of any plant quarantine or regula.tion,of the State of destination or the United States Department of Agriculture, or if disinfested when they are found infested, such plants or plant products will then be forwarded by the postmaster at the point of inspection to the addressee upon payment of postage.

If plants or plant products, upon inspection, are found to be infested with injurious pests and cannot be satisfactorily disinfested, or are in violation of any plant quarantine or regulation of the State of destination or the TUnited States Department of Agriculture, the postmaster upon notification by the State inspector will inform the sender that the parcel will be returned to him upon his request and at his expense. In default of such request the parcel will be turned over to the State authorities for destruction.

Terminal inspection of plants and plant products is now maintained b Arizona, Arkansas, California, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Utah, and Washington, Plants and plant products subject to terminal inspection and places where terminal-inspection .ervice is maintained are listed at the end of the summary of the general nursery-stock shipping requirements for each of the above-mentioned States, District, and Territories.

Procedure for Payrin' Forwarding Postage.--Methods of paying forwarding ostrge are provide to expedite the handling bf percols subject to termina.l inspection, as follows: (1) The addressee may have the parcels addressed to himself in care of the State inspector at a designated terminalinspection point in the State of destination and provide the inspector with postage, for forwarding the inspocted plants; or (2) the addressee may arrange with the sender to place on the parcels a pledge reading, "Forwarding postage u_:aranteed," whereupon the additional postage for forwarding will be collected from the addressee.