Summary of state nursery-stock shipping requirements and plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments


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Summary of state nursery-stock shipping requirements and plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments
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Hoyt, Avery S
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 30600462
oclc - 794001940
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B. E. P. Q.-578-44 June 9, 1952



The information contained in this summary was compiled by Juliet H.
Carrington, DLvision of Plant Quarantines, from material received from the
plant quarantine official of Tennessee and has been approved by him. It
is issued for the convenience of plant quarantine inspectors, shippers, transportation aglnts, truckers, and others concerned in the interstate movement of plants, plant product, and other materials subject to State
regulation on account of plant [osts.

The summary for Tennesseo givoo the general requirements for shipping
nursery stock into that State, as well as digests of the Stata plant quarantines and regulations affecting interstate shipments. An appendix furnishes information on post-office requirements for mailing plants, as well
as terminal-inspection procedure. This summary does not include digests
of nursery-stock or plant-quarantine requirements relating to the movement
of plants entirely within the State.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct
and complete un to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be
used independently of or as a substitute for the original texts of the
regulations and quarantines, and it is not to be interpreted as legally
authoritative. For detailed information address the State Entomologist and Plant Pathologist, 407 Employment Security Building, Nashvillc 3, Tonnessue.

In addition to State requirements, shippers will need to take into
consideration applicable plant quarantines of thu United States Department
of Agriculture. In most instances those quarantines regulate the interstate movement of specified plants, plant products, and other articles
from designated regulated areas. However, some of those quarantines rugulato the interstate movement of certain articles into desig;natud protected
areas. Copies of such quarantines may be obtained from the Bureau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Washington 25, D. C.

Chief, Burou of Ento dmolo d
Plarn Quarantine

Tennessee nursery-stock
shipping requi rements



Sumar of General Nursery-Stock Shippin3 Requirements (RTules and Rogulations, March 1948)

Definition of Nursery Stck.--All fruit, shade, ornamental, and nut trees, bush fruits, grapevines, strawberry plants, and all buds, grafts, scions, and cuttins from same.

General Shippinv, Requirements.--Anyone desiring to ship nursery stock into Tennessee should file with the Tenneasee State Entomologist and Plant Pathologist a copy of his State inspection certificate and pay the same registration fee as required of Tennessee nurserymen shipping into that State. Nursery agents arind dealers representing out-of-State nurseries in Tennessee are required to file a sworn statement and obtain a license. Dealers are required to pay a fee of $5, and agents a fee equal to that charged Tennessee agents by the State in which the nursery they represent is located.

Nurserymen, including those of other States, selling trees in Tennessee under contract to prune and spray them for a period of years are required to secure a bond of $5000 from the Secretary of State, Nashville.

Each carload or other container of nursery stock moving into Tennessec must have attached an inspection certificate of the State of origin. Carriers should not accept uncertified nursery stock for shipment, and they should notify the Tennessee State Entomologist and Plant Pathologist of the arrival of uncertified nursery stock, holding such stoclr for disposition.

Tennessee plant


oSummar of State P ant 'uarantines

^~ati ne Ant
(Official Ruling No. 3, Rules and Regs., March 1948)

Nursery stock, greenhouse plants, strawberry plants, bulbs, and ornamentals in soil are prohibited from moving into Tennessee from areas in States known to be infested with the Argentine ant unless inspected or fumigated immediately prior to shipment by an authorized official of the State of origin.

Camellia Flower Blight
(Quarantine Notioo No. 1 (Revised), effective Mar. 1, 1952)

Prohibited products. --Balled and potted camellia plants., camellia plants with soil attached, and out camellia flowers may not be moved into Tennessee from the quarantined areas.

Restrictedu products.--Barerooted camellia plants with buds showing no trace of color may be moved into Tennesoosee under certification of the State of origLin to this effect.

Restricted materials from States not maintaining restrictions against the quarantined areas ray be shipped into Tennessee, provided the grower, dealer, or nurseryman furnishes affidavit that he has not received or will not receive any camellia plants with dirt on roots and flower buds showing any trace of color, or camellia flowers from the quarantined areas.

Quarantined areas

Call fornia: Entire State
Georgia: Property kliown as 3629 Tuxedo Road, Tuxedo Park Community.
Atlanta, Fulton County, as described
Louisiana: Caddo Parish: That portion of the city of Shreveport described: Ouachita Parish: Those portions of the city of Monroe described; and Orleans Parish: That part of the
city of New Orleans described
North Carolina: Brunswick County: That part of the county lying east of
U. S. Highway No. 17, as described Oregon: Entire State

Tennessee plant


Poach, Nectarine, and Pecan Soedlinos
(Official, Ruling No. 2, Rules & Rog., March 1948; ch.104, sec.2, Public Acts of Tenn., 1925)

Peach and nectarine seedlings may not be sold in Tennessee except by special permit from the Division of Insect and Plant Disease Control specifying that such sale is for experimental or scientific purposes.

It is unlawful for anyone to sell, offer for sale, or solicit orders for any seedlings of nectarine, peach, or pecan with a statement or claim that such trees are budded or grafted trees.

Phony Peach Disease
(Quarantine Notice No. 11, revised, effective Mar. 1, 1952)

Regulated producto.--All almond, apricot, nectarine, peach, and plum nursery stock.

Conditions governing shipment.--Transportation of the regulated products from any regulated area into, within, or from Tennessee is permitted only whcn there is securely attached to the outside of each shipment a nursuryinspection certificate of thu State of origin, together with the name and address of the consignor.

Requirements for issuing certificates, --Certificates or permits shall be issued only on the following conditions: (1) Each nursery in the phonypeach infected areas shall apply to the State plant quarantine official for approval of the proposed nursery-growinG site on or before Auguot 15 of each year; (2) selected nursery sites should be at least 300 yards from wild plum, 1/2 mile from phony-infected commercial orchards, and 1/2 mile from urban areas; (3) the 1/2-mile environs of the nursery site shall be inspected prior to October 1, and all phony trees found shall be removed prior to November 1; and (4) all budding shall be restricted to the slipbud method.

There are no restrictions on the movement of regulated products to the U. S. Department of Agriculture or to other recognized institutions for scientific purposes, except that a special permit must be secured for the movement of such products into or within Tennessee.

Regulated areas

Alabama: Entire State

Florida: Entire State

Georgia: Entire State

Tennessee plant

Phony Peach Disease (Cont.)

Regulated areas (Cont.)

Arkansas: Counties of Arkansas, Ashley, Bradley, Chioot, Columbia,
Crittenden, Cross, Desha, Drew, Hempetead, Howard,
Jefferson, Johnson, Lafayette, Lee, Lincoln, Little
River, Miller, Monroe, Nevada, Phillips, Pike,
St. Francis, Sevier, Union, Woodruff

Louisiana: Parishes of Bienville, Bossier, Caddo, Claiborne,
De Soto, Jackson, Lincoln, Morehouse, Natchitoches,
Ouachita, Red River, Union

Mississippi: Entire State except counties of Benton, Bolivar, Calhoun,
Choctaw, Clay, De Soto, Grenada, Humphreys, Issaquena,
Itawamba, Jasper, Kemper, Leflore, Lowndes, Madison,
Marshall, Montgomery, Noxubee, Oktibbeaha, Panola,
Pontotoc, Quitman, Sharkey, Tallahatchie, Tate, Tippah,
Tishomingo, Winston, Yalobushba

Missouri: County of Dunklin

North Carolina: Counties of Anson, Cumberland, Gaston, Hoke, Polk,

South Carolina: Counties of Aiken, Allendale, Barnwell, Cherokee,
Chesterfield, Edgefield, Greenville, Laurens, Lexington,
Orangeburg, Saluda, Spartanburg, Sumter, York

Tennessee: Counties of Dyer, Fayette, Hardeman, Hardin, Lauderdale,

Texas: Counties of Anderson, Bexar, Camp, Cherokee, Henderson,
Limestone, McLennan, Milam, Panola, Rusk, San Augustine,

Tennessee plant

Swootpotato Root Weevil
(Quarantine Notig6 No, 3 (Revised), effectiVP Mar, P9 194 8)

The movement into Tennesseeo of sweetpotato vines, plants, slips, cuttings, draws, and tubers, and of morningglory vines and roots originating in the regulated areas is prohibited. Such products may be moved into Tennessee from uninfosted areas of States in the regulated areas when accompanied by an inspection certificate of the State of origin. A copy of such certificate should be sent to the Tennessee State Entomologist and Plant Pathologist. Cars and trucks must be thoroughly cleaned before loadint, to prevent reinfestation.

Regulated areas

Alabama: Counties of Baldwin, Coffee, Covington, Geneva, Henry,
Florida: Entire State except counties of Bay, Calhoun, Escambia,
Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hamilton, Holmes, Madison,
Wakulla, Walton, Washington
Georgia: Counties of Chatham, Colquitt, Grady, Mitchell, Tift,
Louisi ana: Entire State except parishes of Bienville, Bossier,
Caldwell, Catahoula, Claiboine, Concordia, East Carroll, Franklin, Jackson, La Salle, Lincoln, Madison, Morehouse,
Natchitoches, Ouachita, Red River, Richland, Tensas,
Union, Webster, Winn, West Carroll
Mississippi: Counties of Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Jackson, Stone,
South Oarolina: County of Charleston Texas: Counties of Angelina, Ararnsas, Atascosa, Austin, Bandera,
Bastrop, Bee, Bell, Bexar, Blanco, Bosque, Brazoria, Brazos,
Brooks, Burleson, Burnet, Caldwell, Calhoun, Cameron, Camp,
Chambers, Colorado, Comal, Concho, Coryell, Crane, Crockett,
De Witt, Dimmit, Duval, Edwards, Falls, Fayette, Fort Bend,
Frio, Galveston, Gillespie, Goliad, Gonzales, Grimes,
Guadalupe, Hamilton, Hardin, Harris, Hays, Hidalgo, Hill,
Irion, Jackson, Jasper, Jeff Davis, Jefferson, Jim Hogg,
Jim Wells, Karnes, Kendall, Kenedy, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney,
Klebers, lampasas, La Salle, Lavaca, Lee, Liberty,
Limuestone, Live Oak, Llan&, McCulloch, McLennan, McMullen,
Mason, Matagorda, Maverick, Medina, Menard, Milam,
Montgomery, Nacogdoches, Newton, Nueces, Orange, Pecos,
Polk, Presidio, Reagan, Real, Refugio, Sabine, Sanri
Augustine, San Jacinto, San Patricio, San Saba, Schleichor,
Starr, Sutton, Terrell, Travis, Trinity, Tyler, Upton,
Uvalde, Val Verde, Victoria, Walker, Waller, Washington,
Webb, Wharton, Willacy, Williamson, Wilson, Zapata, Zavala

The foregoing summary was reviewed and approved on March 3, 1952, by J. C. Moser, Tennessee State Entomoloist and Plant Pathologist.


Requirements for M4ailing Plants and Plant Products

Under the postal laws and regulations, nursery stock, including all field-grown florists( stock, trees, shrubs, vines, cuttings, grafts, scions, buds, fruit pits, and other seeds of fruit and ornamental trees or shrubs, and other plants and plant products for propagation, including strawberry plants (except field, vegetable, and flower seeds, bedding plants And other herbaceous plants, bulbs, and roots), may be admitted to the mails only when accompanied by a State inspection certificate to the effect that the nursery or premises from which such stocLk is shipped has been inspected within a year and found free from injurious insects and plant diseases. Parcels containing such nursery stock must be plainly marked to show the nature of the contents and the name and address of the sender, (Postal Laws and Eegulation 1940, sec. 595.) Inspection and certification must be done by a plant quarantine official of the State of
origin, An individual mailing of such plants or plant products, if from uninspected premises, will also be accepted upon examination and certification by a State plant quarantine official. The address of the Tennessee plant quarantine official is given in the preceding summary,

Terminal Inspection of Mail Shipments of Plants and Plant Products
(Act,vare 4, q1915, as amended June 4, 1936; Postal Laws and Regulations 1940, sec. 596)

Establishment of Terminal Insnection.--Any State desiring to operate under the provisions of the terminal inspection law so as to regulate the movement of mail shipments of plants and plant products into (or within) the State may, after having provided therefor at State expense and having designated one or more places where inspection will be maintained, arrange to have such mail shipments turned over to State plant quarantine inspectors for examination at designated inspection points, Application will be made to the Secretary of Agriculture by submitting a list of plants and plant products and the plant pests transmitted thereby, which are to be examined. The list, when approved in whole or in part, will be transmitted to the Postmaster General. whereupon postmasters will be informed and instructed.

Anyone mailing a parcel containing any plants or plant products addressed to any place within a State maintining terminal inspection thereof is required, under the law, to have the parcel plainly marked on the outside to show the nature of the contents. Materials shipped under Federal quarantine certificates issued by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine may be exempted from terminal inspection at the option of the receiving State.

Under the provisions of the 1936 amendment to the law, an- State may arrange through Federal channels, after approval by the Secretary of Agriculture as indicated above, to regulate or prohibit the movement into
(or within) the State of mail s-dhipments of designated plants and plant products the movement of which would constitute a violation of State plant quarantine laws or regulations.

Terminal Inspection Procedure.--Upon arrival in any State maintaining terminal inspection, plants or plant products named on the approvel list will be forwarded by the postmaster at destination to the nearest inspection point. If the plants or plant products are found, upon inspaction, to be free from injurious pests and not in violation of any plant quarantine or regulation of the State of destination or the Tnitel States Department of Agriculture, or if disinfested when they are found infestc:d, such plants or plant products will then be forwarded by the postmaster at the point of inspection to the addressee upon payment of postage.

If plants or plant products, upon inspection, are found to be infested with injurious pests and cannot be satisfactorily disinfested, or
are in violation of any plant quarantine or regulation of the State of destination or the United States Department of Agriculture, the postmaster upon notification by the State inspector will inform the se:ider that the parcel will be returned to him upon his request and at his expense. In default of such request the parcel will be turned over to the State authorities for destruction.

Terminal inspection of plants and plant products is now maintained by Arizona, Arkansas, California, District of Coluibia, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Minnesota, Nississippi, Montana, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Utah, and Washington. Plants and plant products subject to terminal inspection and places where terminal-inspection service is maintained are listed at te end of the summary of the general nursery-stock shipping requiirements for each of the abovo-mention3d States, District, and Territories.

Procedure for Paing Forwarding Postage.--IMethods of paying forwarding postage are provided to expedite the handling of arcols subject to torminal inspection, as follows: (1) The addressee may have the parcels addressed to himself in care of the State inspector at a designated terminalinspection point in the State of destination and provide the inspector with postage for forwarding the inspected plants; or (2) the addres;see may arrange with the sender to place on the parcels .a pledge reading, "Forwarding postage guaranteed," whereupon the additional postage for forwarding will be collected from the addressee.

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09314 8756