Administrative instructions for cold treatments of imported Vinifera grapes and certain other fruits


Material Information

Administrative instructions for cold treatments of imported Vinifera grapes and certain other fruits
Series Title:
B.E.P.Q. ;
Added title page title:
Foreign quarantine notices
Physical Description:
5 p. : ; 27 cm.
Annand, P. N ( Percy Nicol ), 1898-1950
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Grapes -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Mediterranean fruit-fly -- Control -- Law and legislation -- United States   ( lcsh )
Fruit -- Cooling -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"Effective November 17, 1949."
General Note:
Signed P.N. Annand, Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030596225
oclc - 793720649
System ID:

Full Text


1949, notice of proposed issuance of administrative
.esignated as 7 CFR 319.56-2d relating to cold treat-
iiifera grapes and certaLn other fruits was published
iter (14 F.R. 6292). After due consideration of all
,sented, including the proposals set forth in the
ie Chief of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quaran-
ie authority conferred upon him by 1 319.56-2 of the
ntal to the Fruit and Vegetable Quarantine (7 CFR
;ion 5 of the Plant Quarantine Act of 1912, as amended
reby issues administrative instructions to appear as
7, Code of Federal Regulations, as follows:

inistrative instructions for cold treatments of im-
)es and certain other fruits. --(a) Treatments cTh1orized.
treatments are authorized for imported Vinifera grapes
fruits enterable under 0 319.56-2 under permit and upon
cable regulations in this subpart:

eatments. Authorized cold treatments shall consist
.uring which the fruit shall be cooled until its pulp
I below a level designated. in or under this paragraph
.on, during which the fruit shall be held at or below
ber of days designated in or under this paragraph.

.on temperatures and periods. Fruit cold- create
,erranean fruitfly shall be refrigerated or a period
.o 340 F., or for 16 days at or below j6 F. Fruit
of fruitflies of the genus Anastrepha hall be
)eriod of 16 days at or below F., or for 18 days
or for 20 days at or below 35 F. Refrigeration
,iodS for fruit to be cold treated because of other
)s may be designated by the Chief of the Bureau of
Quarantine, if experimental data are avallable con-
;reatments of known effectiveness.

rnner of treatments.--(l) Places of precooling and
teeation may be o
to the United States. If not so refriLgerated., the
procooled and refrigerated after arrival nly in
wes approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Entomology
ad located at tha Port of Now York or such other
)e r dusignate. F.vit which is to be
isit shal be preooled either at a dockside refrigura-
laboar the caring vessel, or aboard the

shall accompany each cargo of
ing may be conducted in accord

(I) Fruit may be precool(
loading aboard. the carrying v(
temperature at which it can b
on such vessel without a rise
or under paragraph (a) of thui
sample fruit temperatures in e
satisfied that complete preco,
this section. As the loading
frequent temperature readings
such temperature readings sba"

(ii) Fruit may be precoo"
shall be precooled in the samA
be refrigerated. The boxes ol
wooden strips, so that each hi
below to allow free ,irculatiE
of clearance shall be allowed
official shall sample fruit t(
until he is satisfied that cot
entire precooling must be coml
the certificate issued before

(3) efrigrati in trai
slst of hol hi fruit teml
level for the number of days ]
section. A continuous, automE
maintained from at least four
ated compartment by an inspecl
Quarantine. In large refrigei
elements may be required. Vej
of less than four elements pei
the Chief of such Bureau may 1
equipment. Charts from the t(
readily available to an inspe(

(ii) Refrigeration shall
been completed or when the cei
aboard the vessel has been cot

*4 'Sfgarig vnrete( fruit -Wheneve'r fruit i~ offered for
enr ascld treated in transit and it cannot be established to the
etftioa of such ipector that the fruit has received the required
t treatmet, such safeguards against the spread of fruitfly infestation
the inspector may prescribe shall be immediately applied.

( old treatment after arrival.--(t) Fruit to be both precooked and
frigerated after arrival in the United States shall be delivered under
t supervision of an inspector of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant
ua ine to the approved cold storage warehouse where such treatment is
tob conducted.

(iii) The fruit must arrive at a temperature sufficiently low to pre-
t-insect activity and shall be promptly precooled and refrigerated.
automatic; continuous temperature record is required of each refriger-
ion, like that prescrIbed in subparagraph (3) of this paragraph for
frigration in transit. The number of records required will be desig-
ted by the inspectQr for each refrigeration, depending upon the circum-
stances of each operation.

(iii) Shipments offered for entry before cold treatment may be al-
lowed to leave customs custody under'redelivery bond for cold treatment.
Fil release of the shipment by the Collector of Customs will be effected
after the inapec-tor has notified the Collector of Customs that the re-
G. cold treatment has been given.

(6) Containers and season of arrival.--There are no restrictions on
the types of containers in which fruit may be packed, nor on the season
ofthe year during which shipments may be made. Untreated fruit arriving
in broken containers must be immediately repacked under the supervision of
inspector or the contents must be immediately destroyed in a manner
satisfactory to the inspector.

(7) d -(i) By arrangement between the
Cef .of the, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine and the equivalent
official in tte country of origin, certifying officials will be designated
by the country of origin. Their signatures shall be filed with the Bureau
of Etomology and Plant Quarantine.

(I) Each container of fruit intended for in-transit refrigeration
shall be stamped or marked as it is loaded on- the carrying vessel so that
it can be readily identified as'such. Fruit being shipped under Dormit
to be completely cold treated at the Port of New York or other subsequently
designated northern ports.shall not be so marked.

(iii) Fruit precooled at a dockside refrigeration plant eshall be
ttasf Orred to the refrigerated compartments on the carrying vc5,Cl with-
ot a rise in temperature above the maximum for the desired refrigeration.
When thi s transfer has been accomplished, the certifying official shall
issu a certificate of precooling.

(iV) Fruit to be precooled on the carrying vessel in the refrigerated
00%;Wtmse.ts, shall -be Ioaded, under supervision' of the certifying'official
to ase that all paocl.ges have the proper clearance on all sides. When

in a separate compartment and eat
frigerated in transit.

(vi) Fruit not intended for any p
loaded in the same refrigerated compare
cold treatment.

(vii) The certifying official sha
the temperature recording instruments
loading of fruit, by immersing them in
and water, and recording their deviate
vise the placement of the temperature
catgo of fruit.

(viii) The certificate of precool
to cover the cargo of one vessel. The
mailed to the inspector of the Bureau
in charge at the port of destination.
ing vessel, The third copy shall be m
Plant Quarantine, United States Depart
D. C. A record showing calibration of
cording instruments, as required in su
shall be attached to each certificate,
temperature readings required in subpa
The certificate shall also show the idi
all containers of fruit undergoing int

(c) Approval of precooling plants
houses.--AlI precooling plants In the
compartments on the carrying vessels,
Port of New York or subsequently design
approval of the Chief of the Bureau of
fore any phase of cold treatment is be
shall be made to Import and Permit Sec"
Quarantine, 209 River Street, Hoboken,

(d) Caution and disclaimer.--In p:
grapes and certain other fruits, it sbi
and carelessness in applying the treaty
fruit, or its rejection for entry. Thi
entry of fruit are considered necessar-
and no liability shall attach to the 6
or to any officer or representative of
results to fruit offered for entry in

The foregoing instructions supersi
in B. E. P. Q. Nos. 463 and 464 (7 CER



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