Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Colony of Mozambique


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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Colony of Mozambique
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Annand, P. N ( Percy Nicol ), 1898-1950
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 30508343
oclc - 793386479
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/1 o zamb ique
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Washington 25, D. C.


B. E. P. Q. 550 STATE PLANT BOARD April 23, 1946




This'summary of the plant quarantine import restrictions of the Colony of Mozambique has been prepared for the information of exporters, nurserymen, plant quarantine officials and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products to that Colony.

It was prepared by R. G. Oakley, Supervisor of Export Certification of the Division of Foreign Plant Quarantines, from official translations of the Plant Sanitary Regulations (Regulamento de Sanidade Vegetal) of June 22, 1908 and of the "Rules, Regulations, and List of Permitted Plants and Plant Products, as Promulgated on November 23, 1943 in Accordance with Article 13 of the Plant Sanitary Regulations of 1908" (Reras tabelas de importacao provadas por despache de 23 de Novembro de 1943, ao abrigo do disposto No. Art. 13 do regulamento de sanidade vegetal de 1908). It was reviewed by the Director of Agriculture (Chefe dos Servicos) of the Colony.

To information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and sufficiently complete for its purpose up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original regulations, and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative. The original orders should be consulted for the exact texts.

Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine



The Plant, Sanitary Re-glations, approved June 21, 1908.

Article 13 of these regulations empowers the Governor General to absolutely prohibit or subject to restrictions the importation of plant, seeds ail fruits of any country or region.


General Entry Requirements

Phytosanitary certificates or certificates of fumigation issued at point of origin are required for certain articles, but not for others. (See alphabetical list of products and conditions of entry in paragraph 9.)

Import licenses are required in advance for all importations of plant products. Special conditions of entry will be indicated on the licenses for designated articles in paragraph 9. (See paragraphs 1 and 5.)

Authorized ports of entry vary for specific products. (See paragraph 3 and alphabetical list of products in paragraph 9.)

Importation Prohibited
(See paragraph 8)

Importation Restricted
(See paragraph 9)


(Rules and Regulations Governing the Importation of Plants and Plant Products, and List of Permitted Plants and Plant Products Approved by Decision of November 23, 1943, in Accordance with the Plant Sanitary Regulations of June 22, 1908.)

Import Permit Required in Advance

1. No plants and parts thereof shall be imported into the Colony without a special license granted by the Servicos de Agricultura (Agricultural Services), and until a phytosanitary inspection verifies that required conditions of entry have been complied with.

2. A written application to import plants directed to the Chefe dos Services (Director of Agriculture) must be presented or sent by the importer to the Delegacao Regional de Agricultura (Regional Agricultural Office) showing: The name and address of the importer; destination of shipment and name of consignee; name and address of
exporter; quantity of product it is desired to export by common nnie in Portuguese or by botanical name when the former is unknown; and port of entry.

Authorized Ports of Entry

3. Import licenses must always indicate:

a. Ports of entry, where shipments can be inspected, and which
normally are: Lourenco Marques, Inhambane, Beira, Tete,
Quelimnane, Nampula, and Porto Amelia;

b Places of entry into the colony along the border through
which in-transit shipments are contemplated when such places may be utilized without risk or do not conflict with Customs

Entry Status of Products Subject to Amendment

4. The list of articles permitted entry and the conditions of their importation, may be amended within the provisions of the Plant Sanitary Regulations by decision of the Chefe dos Servicos (Director of ACriculture).

5. Copies of the import license will be issued to the importer in duplicate; the original to be retained by the importer for presentation upon arripml of the importation, and the copy to be forwarded
to the exporter if it indicates special conditions of entry applicable to the shipment.

Inspection and Troeatment on Arrival

6. rroptly after shipment arrivoos at a port of entry of the Colon the importer must present his copy of tho import permit, accoup.nlud b. other necessary docunoents, to th Sorvicos Rogionnais do Aricultura (Regional Agricultural Services), following which the 3~iC!At will be inspected imndittely if all papers -re in order.

If it is d.terminod that all ntry requirements ha-ve been complied with, except for a certificate of fumigation issued at point of origin, s1hipmnt will be fumIgattd at the expense of the importer. In cso the importer fails to pay expeneoa therefore, the shipment will be sold at public suctlon.


Fumigation Measures

7. Fmigationprocedure to be followed at the port of entry with all shipments as a condition of entry will be as follows:

a-. Seeds will be fumigated with carbon disulphide or a similar
fumigant in a sealed chamber unless the type of insect infestation, that of larval and pupal stages, for example, indicates the treatment to be inadequate. In that event vacuum
fumigation with cyanide gas will be applied when the equipment is available.

b. Plants will be fumigated in a canvas tent with calcium cyanide
or a similar fumigant.


Importation Prohibited

8. Importation of the following articles is prohibited:

Banana leaves (Musa Spp.) but not the plants.

Chestnuts or plants (Castanea spp.) from North America and other countries-where the chestnut blight disease (Endothia parasitica
(Murr.) Ander. & Ander.) occurs.

Elm plants (Ulmus app.) but not seeds from Europe and other
countries where the Dutch elm disease (Ceratostomella ulmi
Buienan) ocurs.

Eucalyptus, Acacia, Oak (Quercus spp.), Plane-tree (Platanus
app.) and Coniferous tree cuttings or plants, but not the seeds.

Peach. stones (Amnygdalus persica L.).

Soil (See paragraph 12).

Sorghum stalks (Sorghum app.) unless processed.

Importation Restricted

9. Entry of the products listed below is conditioned upon compliance with the requirements cited for each article, except in the case of items for Which the Servicos Centrais (Central Agricultural Office) will designate special conditions of entry on copies of import licenses to be sent by the importer to the exporter.

/ Special rules exist for importations from South African countries, including Angola, Belgian Congo, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, and the Union of South Africa. Those cited in this summary apply to products from the United States and generally to those from other foreign countries.

Alfalfa seed (Medicago sativa L.): Special entry conditions to be
indicated on import licenses.

Banana plants (Musa spp.): Certificate declaring locality of
production free from diseases caused by Panama disease
(Fusarium oxysporum Schl. var. oubenise (E.F.Sm.) Wr.) and
banana leaf spot (Cercospora musae A. Zimmi.); freedom from soil;
importation to be made through Lourenco Marques or Beira; and
imported material to be grown in quarantine for a few years.

Bulbs, cuttings, leaves, rhizomes, stalks or tubers of ornamental
plants: Special entry conditions to be indicated on import

Cereal grains: Certificate declaring locality of production to
be free of the diseases caused by Schlerospora spp. and corn wilt (Bacterium (Aplanobacter) stewarti E.F.Sm.): certificate of origin; and, when destined for seed, certificate of treatment (dipping in a 1/1000 solution of mercuric bichloride).

Citrus (Citrus spp.) buds and cuttings: Special entry conditions
to be indicated on import license.

Citrus plants (Citrus spp.): Certificate declaring nursery of
origin to be in an area free of citrus canker (Bacterium
(Pseudomonas) citri (Hasse) Doidge) for a radius of 200 kilometers; certificate declaring plants and nursery of production
to be free from the San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosue
Cor mt.); certificate of fumigation issued at point of origin;
freedom from soil; importation to be made through Lourenco
Marques; and imported material to be grown in quarantine for
a few years.

Citrus seeds (Citrus app.): Certificate declaring the seeds were produced in a locality free from serious diseases, including citrus canker (Bacterium (Pseudomonas) citri (Hasse)
Doidgo), for a radius of 200 kilometers.

Coffee Fruit or berries (Coffea spp.): Certificate declaring
the producing plants to be free of diseases and insect pests,
including the coffee berry borer (Stepha.noderes hampei (Ferr.):
Cryphaluts hampo): certificate of fumigation issued at point
of origin; and importation to be made through Louronco Marques.

Coffooee plants (CQfe spp.) and Coca plants (Thoeobroma cacao L.):
Certificate declaring freedom from plant diseases and insect
xoetn; cortificate of fumigation issued at point of origin;
freedom from soil; and importation to be mPAde through the ports
of Loiuroenco Marques or Beira.

Cottonwood (Gosoyium spp.): Special entry conditions to be
inrdica-td on impt license.

Dahlia tubers: Special entry conditions to be indicated on
import license.

Forest'and ornamental trees of importance (except prohibited
kinds): Special entry conditions to be indicated on import

Fresh fruits: See paragraph 10.

Fresh vegetables: No specific requirements.

Fruit trees, buds, and cuttings (apple, pear, peah, plum, apricot,
quince, and medlar): Certificate declaring that the imported
trees and nursery of origin are free from the disease caused by
fire blight (Bacillus nylovorus (Burr.) Trev.) and San Jose
scale (Aspidiotus Drniciosus Comst.); importation must be free of the wolly apple aphis (Eriosoma lanigerum (Hausm.)); certifcate of funigation issued at point of origin; freedom from soil; and importation to be made through the ports of Lourenco Marques
or Beira.

Fruit trees (Tropical, including Annonas, Avocado, ManGo, Guava,
etc.): Special entry conditions to be indicated on import

Grapevine (Vitis spp.) cuttings and grafts: Special entry conditions to be indicated on import license.

Honey: See paragraph 13.

Leguinous seeds: Certificate of fumigation issued at point of

Live insects: See paragraph 13.

Onion sets for planting (Allium sp.): Certificate declaring the
shipment free from onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lind.) and the
onion maggot (Hylem-ya antiqua (Mg.); not to be packed in soil.

Onions for consumption (Allium sp.): No specific requirements.

Ornamentals (Herbs and shrubs): Special entry conditions to be
indicated on import license.

Palms, fruit or nuts of, including coconuts (Cocos nucifera L.):
Special entry conditions to be indicated on import license.

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.): See paragraph 11.

Rubber produci ng plants: Special entry conditions to be indicated obn import license.



Seeds of flowers: No Specific requireimnts.

Seeds of foraige and. leguiritnous plants: Certif icate of fumigation
icsuefd. -t point of origin.

Seeds o-f forest trees (except probibitod kindse): Crtifica-te diecliring seeds and plants producing them to be free of riangorous
c~senes; ad certificate of fumigation issued. at point of
or igin.

Seeds of vegetablos (except tomato): No specific requircr~ents.

SvEgxciane cuttings (Si~~nceham offiginru L.): Special entry
conditions to be indicated on import license.

Swoet potatoes (Ipornea batatas Poizr.): Certificate declaring
the inportt'tion free from diseases and insect pests.

Ten. _)ants (Thne sinensis L.): Certificate declaring place of
production free from insect pests and plant diseases, includlcing blister blight (Exobnsidium vexpans Mass.) for a radius of 15 Irilorreters; certificate of fumigation Issued at point of orin; freedom from soil; and plants to be grown In quarantine
for one year after introduction.

To-~ see,! (fruit or berry) (Thea sinensis L.): Certificpate dec1arlnr the blister blight disease (Exobasidiur. vexans Misr,.) not to exist within 15 kilometers of place of production, and
cortificsate of fumigation issued at point of origin.

Tobacco seed and inrmnufactured leaves (Nicotia na tabaciwi L.):
C'o.rtificnite declaring locality of production to be free of
ilio~escnuserl by Poronospora app.; a)nd certificate of
IQ-Agtion issued at point of origin for seed.

Tonato eeds (Lycopersicum esculontui Mill.): Certificate decl-xinE fruit producing the seuds to be free of bacteria-l
cankerrr (Apl-mobnacter michiiganonse (E .F.Sm),.

Thnf; oil pnt,- or 3eodo (Aleutritos spp.): Speciril entry conditi()nLu to) be-, ind!ic!-te.A on inmport license.

Fresh Fruit Regulations
10.Frebfruit nhtelwith the Stan Joe-cl,(i is
jxriclnisComot.), in iny degree, will be inuri-iJtely lostroyad h. bIJ i in wa-ter, whonkevor Inctieration 1i~ unsaitisfnactory. The
Im ()pniin w il b I ad of f reszh f ru It -,h 11on to inf o ted

t lo21- tip. or Pouycocu sp, unlessi, the importer promptly


Potato Regulations

11. The following conditions shall apply to importations of potatoes for consumption or planting purposes:

a. Shipments of potatoes must be accompanied by a certificate
declaring the potato wart disease (Synchytrium endobioticum
(Schilb.) Pero.) not to exist within 10 kilometers of the
place of production.

b. Shipments found upon inspection to be infected with potato
wart will be destroyed irnnediately.

c. Shipments showing evidence of infestation by the root knot
nematode (Heterodera marioni (Cornu) Goodey), or any other
parasitic nematode e, will be refused entry: Provided, that a lightly infested shipment may be admitted for local consumption purposes in the absence of risk that the tubers will be
used. for planting; and Provided further, that required
written assurances of strict observance of the regulations presented by both the importer and consumer to the Regional
Agricultural Office, are found satisfactory.

Soil and Packing Material Regulations

12. Shipments of plants and parts thereof packed in soil shall be cleaned of such soil by washing; the resultant soil and water to be boiled for two hours, following which the importer will be allowed to pack the plants in local soil. If the removal at the Inspection Station of packing materials, such as moss, straw or other vegetable matter, may endanger the life of the plants, the importer will be
permitted to remove the packing materials at his premises, on the conditions that the packing is burned immediately by him.

Rules Governing Importations of Honey Bees, Other Living Insects, and Boney

(Port Law No. 3,301 of February 2, 1938 and
Plant Sanitary Regulations)

13. The importation of live insects shall be made only through the port of Lourenco Marques.

A special lincense from the Servicos Centrais Reparticao (Central Office of Agriculture) is required for the importation of honey.

UNIVERSITY OF FILORIDA 3 1262 09313 6942