UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICUL TURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Washington, D. C.
B. E. P. Q.--522 February 12, 1942
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR
This digest of the plant-quarantine import restrictions
of the Republic of Ecuador has been prepared for the information of exporters of domestic plants and plant products to that country, and for plant quarantine officials.
The circular was prepared by Richard Faxon, District Supervisor, Certification for Export, Division of Forei, n Plant Quarantines, from a translation of an Executive Decree of 7-:ruary 15, 1940, and Regulatory Decrees relating to animals adc plants issued November 17, 1925, and January 25, 1926, and reviev:ed by the Director General of Agriculture and Animal Industry of Ecuador.
The information in this circular is believed to be correct and sufficiently complete for its purpose up to the time of preparation, but it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative.
ChiefP. Bureau of Entomol nd PlAnt ur,ntine. Chief, Bureau of Entomolo0 y a nd Plant Quarontine.
Digitized by the Internet Archive
i n 2013
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Washington, D. C.
B. P. Q.--522 LIBRAR February 12, 1942
STATE PLANT BOAL F y
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR
An Executive Decree of February 15, 1940, established general
plant and animal health regulations, and provided for the establishment of a phytosanitary service charged with the inspection of plants, This service administers regulations issued November 17, 1925 (effective January 1, 1926), and January 25, 1926, in relation to importations of plants and plant products.
COTTONSEED, COTTON BOLLS, OR RA1! COTTON from countries infested with the cotton boll weevil (Anthonomus grpndis Boh,).
PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS for planting or propagation in Ecuador from infected regions.
HAY OR STRAW, LIVE PLANTS, SEEDS, CUTTINGS, SPROUTS, BUDS, RAFTS, ETC., must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate.
PARCEL-POST SHIPMENTS OF SEEDS, CUTTINGS, ETC., must be certified to be in healthy condition by the shipper.
CONSULAR VISA is required with official phytosanitary certificates and will be supplied free of charge., GENERAL REGULATIONS
Decrees of November 17, 1925, and January 26, 1926
Article 1. Relates to animal quarantines.
Art. 2. The importation is prohibited of hay and straw, live plants, seeds, cuttings, sprouts, buds, grafts, etc., which come from diseaseinfected places. Said plants and parts thereof, even though they may be shipped in small quantities by mail, must be ,accompanied by a certificate
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issued by an Official Entomologist, or by the phytosanitary authorities of the country of origin, in which it is stated that the plants or parts thereof are not infested with any insect or infected by any fungus disease
and that they have been properly disinfected. (See also Revision of January 25, 1926, regarding parcel-post shipments.) This certific-te must be certified by the Ecuadoran consul in the country
In the particular case of cottonseed, cotton bolls, nnd raw cotton, the certificate visaed by the consul must state under oath or formal declaration, that the bolls or seeds come from a country in which the cotton boll weevil (Anthonomus grnndis Boh.) does not exist.
Art. 3. The consuls are required to keep close watch of all shipments covered by these regulations, and to report to the Ministry of Agriculture coftcerning the occurrence and disappearance of insect pests and plant diseases in the country in which they reside, in order to safeguard the interest of Ecuador from pests which.might be imported with restricted
Art. A. Consular authorities, Customs inspectors, the Smuggling Patrol, and Postmasters are entrusted with the fulfillment of these regulations.
Art. 5. Customs inspectors and postmasters are required to notify the De-oartment of Agriculture of all importations of plants, seeds, etc., passing through their offices, and to send a copy of the certificate -ccompanying such shipments handled by them with each notification.
REVISION AGREED UPON JANUARY 25, 1926
Article 1. All shipments of seeds, cuttings, shoots, buds, grafts, bulbs, etc., except cottonseed, cotton bolls, and raw cotton, coming from
foreign countries in small qu ntities by mail are exempt from the official certification requirement. However, the foreign shipper of such products must send with each shipment a certificate in which he testifies as to the
healthy condition of the m-terial,
Art. 2. Postmasters are required to send copies of such certificates to the Denartment of Agriculture.
Art. 3. If such certified plnnt material is found in bad condition,
diseased, or infested with insects by the addressee, he shall notify the Department of Agriculture i=pmdiately. In case further examination by Department inspectors confirms his report, the result of the inspection will be published in the Official Bulletin of the Deprtment.
Art. 4. In the event th-t p.rrcel-post packages containing seeds, plants, etc., arrive without health certificates of any kind, the postal authorities must advise the Deprtment of Agriculture, or the nearest plant inspector, by telgraph, giving necessary details of the shipment and hold satm for disposition by the plant-inspection authorities.
Art. 5. Consular visa required by previous decrees in connection with
official crtific-tos will b supplied fr>e of charge.