Plant-quarantine import restrictions of Burma


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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of Burma
Physical Description:
Annand, P. N ( Percy Nicol ), 1898-1950
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 30499562
oclc - 793282588
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Bureau of entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.

January 13, 1942
B. E. P. q.-- 520



This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions
of Burma has been prepared for the information of exporters of
plants and plant products to that country and plant quarantine

The text, which was prepared by Richard Faxon, District
Supervisor, Certification for Export, Division of Foreign Plant
;uarantines, consists of digests of notifications issued by the
A ;ricultural Branch of the Department of Agriculture and
Forests, Fangoon, Burma, on the following dates: December 16,
1940; January 15, February 28, April 24, and June 2, 1941. It
was reviewed by the Secretary to the Government of Burma.

The information contained in this circular is believed
to be correct and cor;plete up to the ti-ne of preparation, but
it is not intended to be used independently of, nor as a sub-
stitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be interrreted
as legally authoritative.

Chief, Eureau of "ntomology and Plant Quarantine.

I , ,

.AiHD',TON, D. C.

B. E.P. P..-520 January 13, 1942

Bb'R? A


Department of Agriculture and Forests
Agricultural Branch, Rangoon, Burma
Notification No. 377, December 16, 1940
notificationn No. 13 (Corrigendum), January 15, 1941
Notification No. 56, February 28, 1941
Notification No. 89, April 24, 1941
Notification io. 141, June 2, 1941.

In accordance with the provisions of the Insects and Pests
Act and in supersession of all previous orders, the Governor
makes the following order for the purpose of prohibiting, regu-
lating, and restricting the import into Burma of the articles
hereinafter specified.

Certificate Requirements

A Federal certificate is required with all plants, other than
fruits and vegetables intended for consi.u.ption, in a prescribed form.
(Pa.e 6.) (By definition, "plant" does not include seeds.) (Par. 5.)

A certificate from the consignor and a Federal certificate in
relation to potato wart disease are required with shipments of
potatoes. (Par. 6.)

A special certificate issued by the Tntomologist, Burma, is
required with plants used for the purpose of introl9ucing parasitic
insects into Burma. (Pars. 3 and 4.)

Two certificates are required with importations of rubber
plants (Par. 7), citrus plants (Par. 8), and unmanufactured
tobacco (Par. 9).

A special certificate is required with importations of sugar-
cane. (Par. 10.)

Importation Prohibited

Cotton, unginned. (Par. 15 (1).)
Gram (chick pea, Cicer arietinum). (Par. 16.)
"Mexican jumping bean" (Sebastiania palmeri). (Par. 12 (b).)
Sugarcane from the Fiji Islands, New Guinea, .Australia, and
the Philippine Islands. (Par. 10.)

Importation Restricted

Berseem (Egyptian clover) seeds. Pars. 12 (a) and 14.)
Citrus plants. (Par. 8.)
Coffee plants, seeds and beans. (Par. 13.)
Cottonseed. (Pars. 12 (a) and 15 (2).)
Flaxseed. (Par. 12 (a).)
Hevea rubber plants and seeds. (Par. 11.)
Potatoes. (P-r. 6.)
Tubber plants. (Par. 7.)
Sugarcane from countries other than the Fiji Islands,
New Guinea, Australia, and the Phili-opine Islands.
(Par. 10.)

Importation Unrestricted

Fruits and vegetables intended for consumption.
Roasted or ground coffee. (Par. 13.)


Notification N?. 377

1. Definitions.

(i) "Official certificate" means a certificate
wanted by the proper officer or authority in the
country of origin. (In the United States the
U. S. Department of Agriculture has been designated
by the Burmese authorities as the proper authority
to issue such certificates.)

(ii) "Plant" means a living plsnt or part thereof,
but does not include seeds.

(iii) All provisions referrin- to plants or seeds
shall aoply also to all packing material used in
packing or wrapping such plants or seeds.

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Restrictions on means s of Transportation

2. 1-o plant shall be imported into Burma by letter or parcel
post, except sugarcane for planting intended to be grown under the
personal supervision of the Deputy Director of Agriculture, 7ast
Central Circle, Pyinmana. (See also Par. 10.)

3. No plants shall be imported into Burma by air, except
those used for the purpose of introducing living insects accompanied
by a special certificate from the entomologist Burma, station that
the plants are imported for such purpose, and sugarcane for the
Deputy Director of Agriculture, 3ast Central Circle, Pyinmana, if
the conditions of paragraph 10 are satisfied.

Furmigation required

4. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended for
consum,:tion, potatoes, and unmanufactured tobacco, either raw or
cured, shall be imported into Burma by sea, except after furr.i'ation
with hyc'rocyanic acid gas at the port of ..a.goc.- except that plants
which are used for the purpose of introducing insect parasites -1ay be
imported without fumigation when accompar.ied .by the required special
certificate from the Entomologist, ?uria. (.c-.other proviso relates
to rubber plants grown in Iumatra or in the Federated "ala-- States.)

Certificate iegquired

5. io plants, other than manufactured tobacco inoorted
from India, fruits and vegetables intended for consur-otion, qnd
potatoes, shall be imported into lurna by sea unless accormoa ie1
by an official certificate that they are free from injurious in-
sects and diseases. The certificate shall be in the form pre-
scriberl, or in a form as near thereto as may be and supoly-in a:ll
the information called for in the prescribed form. (See p. 6.)



6. Potatoes ,shall not be imported into Burma by sea or by
air, except from India, unless they are acco panied by--

(a) A certificate from the consignor stating fully in
what country, and in what district of such country,
the potatoes were grown and ;uaianteeir.- that wart
disease was not : .own to e-ist on the farms where tie
potatoes were grown; and

U~r, -

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(b) tLn official certificate that no case of wart
disease of potatoes has been known during the 12
months preceding the date of the certificate, within
5 miles of the place where the potatoes were grown.

lubber Plants, including Hevea

7. Rubber plants imported into Burma by sea must be accom-
panied by two certificates, the form prescribed in paragraph 5 and
an official certificate affirming that the est-te from which the
plants ori-inated, or that the individual plants, are free from
Fomes lignosus, Sohaerostilbe reopens, Dothidella ulei ('Telanopsajnopsis
jlei i) (Fusicladiui macrosporium), and Oidium heveae.

ll.* Hevea rubber plants and seeds shall not be imported into
nurna from America or the-' est Indies except by the Director of
Agriculture, Burma.

Citrus Plants and Cuttings

8. No lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, or other citrus plants,
or clittings thereof, shall be imported into Burma unless, iL :4eclition
to the certificate prescr'-bed in o'ra ra1-ph 5, they are accompanied by
an official certificate affirming that they are free from the ?.:al Secco
causa' by Leuterophoma tracheiohila, or that the disease does not exist
in the country in which they were zrown.

Unmnnufactured tobacco

9. Jnmanufactured tobacco, either raw or cured, shall not be
imnportecd into -zurma by sea unless, in addition to the certificate
prescribed in paragraph 5, it is accompanied by an official certifi-
cate affirming that -phestia elutella does not occur in the country
of origin.

Sugar cane

10. Importation of sugarcane into Burma by sea from the Fi'i
Islands, ,ew Guinea, ,ustralia, or the ?Pilippine Islands is prohibited
absolutely. 1rom other countries sugarcane may be imported Into -urma
by sea or by air, only by the Deputy Director of gricultu-e, 'ast
Central Circle, Pyiinmana, to be grown by him in quarantine for 1 year,
when accompanied by an official certificate stating that the su2'arcnne
has been -xarined and found free from cane borers, scale insects,

*Te numbered paragraphs do not follow in sequence. because an
effort h)s been made to assemble the paragraphs on "Specific -estric-
tions" in one place, to be followed by the paragraphs on "Prohibitions."

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white flies, root disease (any form), pineaple disease, Cer"tcstomella
paradoxa or Thielaviopsis paradoxa, se'reh dwarf disease, leaf scald,
and cane gu-mrosis, that it was obtained from a crop which was free
from mosaic and streak diseases, and that the Fiji disease of sui:arcane
does not occur in the country of export.

Seeds of Flax, Berseem, and Cotton

12. .(a) Seeds of flax, bersee-n (Egyptian clover), and cotton
shall not be imoorted into burma by air, or by letter or parcel post
otherwise than by sea.

14. Flaxseed and berseem seed may be imported by se-- only under
a license issued by the Director of agriculture, lurma.

15. (2) Cottonseed mey be imported by sea for expoeri ental
purposes only by the Deputy Director of Agriculture, iyiL.7yan Circle,
Meiktila, in quantities not exceadin7 one hundredwei6ht (112 pounds)
in any one consignment, through the Dort of -fangoon only, to oe
fumigated upon arrival with carbon bisulfide.


13. Coffee plants, seeds, and ber.xs shall not be iIported into
Burma except for experimental planting purposes by the Director of
Agriculture, Burma, or the Pri-.cipal L-ricultural officer Federatec
Shan States. This prohibition does not ap-,ly to roasted inci 'round


exican Juiring Beans

12. (b) The importation of "'"exican .jumping beans"
(Sebastiania palmeri of the family 7uphorbiaceae) into rurma is
prohioited absolutely.

Unrinned Cotton

15. (1) Un.inned cotton shall not be imported by se? or by


16. The importation of gram (chick pea, Cicer arietinwm) into
Iurma is prohibited absolutely.


6- 3 1262 09312 2082


This is to dertify that the pl.ant(s), living plantss, or
plant products, a representative sample of the plantss, living
plantss, or plant products (strike out the words not applicable)
included in the consi.-nment, of which particulars are given below,
were/w s thoroughly examined on the (date)
by (name) a duly authorized
official of the and found to be healthy,
no evidence of the presence of any injurious insect, pest, or
disease [destructive to agricultural or horticultural crops or to
trees or bushes having been found in/on them and that the con-
sinnrient (including the rocking) covered by this certificate
has/has not been tre-ted in the following manner (e.g. furnirated
or disinfected with )] immediately subsequent

to inspection. Inspected in the field by a duly authorized
iDot inspected
inspector on

(Official Status)

i'umber and description of pack .ges
Distinguishing marks
Descri-otion of plants or pl'qnt products or Darts thereof
Statted to be grown ;t
exported by
i,!'a;e and address of consi-nee
i\a-ie of vessel or particulars of route
Di-ate of siD' ent
Port or lace of entry
-dditional certificates) attached

(Give here det ils of any special certificate or certificates
issued in respect of imports sDecifically scheduled.)

(According to information received from the Secretary to the
t-overnment of Burmaq., the st nldard export certificate, Form ]-375,
will be acceptabl: on condition th.t it contains aill the information
called for in the above lor-. a statement should be made under
"' ual1f ins notations" that the certification includes paci-n Tn-teri-
al. In -,idition, the names and addresses of the shiToer a..;d con-
sin-'ne should be given rin the body of the certificate, slong with
the date or sviim.3nt an" nort or place of entry. In case the cer-
tification is in relation to fumia.?tion, a description of the
tre.t ent should be given under "Qualifyin2 Notations.")