Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Dominion of Canada

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Material Information

Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Dominion of Canada
Series Title:
B.E.P.Q. ;
Physical Description:
13 p. : ; 27 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Hoyt, Avery S
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Edition:
2nd rev.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Plant quarantine -- Law and legislation -- Canada   ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"January 16, 1952."
General Note:
Signed Avery S. Hoyt, Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030498922
oclc - 793237859
System ID:
AA00023591:00001

Full Text

LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD E2/Canacda


LNIiEF TrpTES oEPA-T,,!.,T OF AG.TCULTTIE
Agriculta.iral Researlch Ajiai-1istration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
WashiL6tcn 25, D. C,


B V. P. Q. 514, 2d Rovision January 16, 1952



PLANT1-QUARANT)!.E IMPORT FESIPICTIONS

OF THE

DOMINION OF CANArA


This revised sizi.ary of tha plant-quarantine import restrictl--ns of
the Dominion of Cana(a. has 'eer prepared for the information of ex-
porters of plants acd plant products to tLat country and for plant
quarantine officials.

The circular was prrLpared by RMchaird. Faxon, Division of Plant
Quzarnrtines, from The Dectructive Insect and P yst Act and frk-m regu-
lations implemiarntig tha Aot passed b- Ordurs-ln-Cwcicll P.C. 2067,
April 26, 1949, as amended by P.C. 2305, June 9, 1-O, and P.C. -T64,
July 24, 1951, arid .ohbr pertinent orders of the Departmer.t of
Agriculture. It was roviewoa by Mr. W. N, Koernar., Chief, Plant
Protection Divisior., Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.

The reSulat4ons apply to all p=ovinutan of thle Domi:icn, including
Nevfoundland.

The information contal-ed ir. this circular is Lelieved to be correct
and complete up to the time of reparat.on, but it is nit intended to
bo u.ed independently of, noi as a esabstitu-o for, the original texts,
and it is no'. to be Interpie-ed as legally autho itative.


C bre of P t
h u f E mo P
Chief, bureau of Entumology anii Plant Quarantine














Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013









http://archive.org/details/canada52unit







PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPCRT RESTRICTIONS


OF THE

DOM4INION OF CANADA


BASIC LEGISLATION

The Destructive Insect and Pest Act

Revised Statutes of 1927, Chapter 47, as amended, An Act to Prevent the
Introduction or Spreading of Insects, Pests and Diseases Destructive to
Vegetation.

The General Regulations provide that no pest or disease, or plant In-
fested with any lest or dieoas-', shall be admitted into Canada. All
plants are subject to inspection on arrival. Further provisions refer
mainly to domestic matters relating to inspector's authority, certifi-
cation of nursery stock and other plant products, methods of enforcing
control measures, promulgation of Orders-ln-Council, etc.

THE DESTRJCTTVE INSECT AND PEST REGULATE'S

Order-in-Councll P.C. 2057, April. 26, 1949, Amended P.C. 2805,
June 9, 1950, P.C. 3764, July 24, 1951

PART I GENERAL

Interpretation

2, In these Regulations,

(f) "Nursery stock" includes every kind and speriles of plant grown
or used for ornamental purposes, propagation or cropping, ex-
cept flower, vegetable and field crop seeds, onion sets, garlic
bulbs or bulbils, mushroom spawn, and seed potatoes;

(g) "Pest" or "disease" includes any living stage of tho numerous
small invertebrate animals, except honey beos, belonging to the
phylum Arthropoda (as, for example, insects, mites, ticks, cen-
tipedes), any form of elongated invertebrates lacking appendages,
commonly referred to as worms (as, for example, nematodes), any
form of protozoa, any form of fungi (as, for example, rusts,
smuts, molds, and yeasts), any form of bacteria, any form of
viruses, or any form of s*,ilar or allied organisms, which may
directly or indirectly affect, injure or cause disease in plants
or -,arts thereof; and

(Sections of regulations have been selected of interest to United States
shippers)






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(h) "Plant" or "plants" includes all nem-srs of the vegetable
kingdom and any part or product thereof.

3, The introduction or admission of plants into Canada is permitted only
as provided in these Regalations.

4i. No person shall, contrary to these Regulations, sell, offer for sale,
receive or dispose of any plant infested or infected with any pest or
disease,

6. (1) The Minister may by special permit authorize the introduction or
admirsio- into Canada, f: r scientific and/or educational pur-
poses, of any plant the introduction or admission of which is
prohibited by these regulations.

Powers of inspectors

8-16. Inspectors are authorized to enter any premises, lands, nursery,
train, ship, aircraft, vehicle or other carrier where there is
reason to believe thnit any pest or disease is or may be present, or
where there are plants which prevent the successful control of any
pest or disease. Inspectors may require any plants or any carrier
thereof t? be held for examination at the risk and expense of the
owner, Any imported plants found -bo be infested or infected with
any peet or disease shall be disposed of ao deemed necessary by tho
inspector,

PART II ALMIISSICN OF PLATS I=O C.uIADA

A. NURSERY STOCK

Permit Requirements

1. (1) Before any nursery stock may be imported, an application for a
permit shall be filed with the Chief, Division of Plant
Protection, S-ience Service, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa,
Every nuch application shall be signed by the importer and shall
specify:

(a) The quantity and kind of the nursery stock
(b) The country and locality therein of origin,
(c) 'The destination of the nursery stock;
(d) The name and address of the consignor and consignee;
(e) Whether the nursery stock will be forwarded by freight,
express or mail; and
(f) Air transportation when applicable.

(2) The importer shall notify the shipper of the number of the permit.






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(3) The oermlt shall be presented to the Collector of Customs at the
Customs port of entry before delivery of the nursery stock can
be obtained.

(4) Subject to the provisions of section 6 of Part I hereof, no
permit will be issued for any nursery stock the imp-:jrtation of
which is prohibited by these Regulations.

Certificate of Inspection

2. (1) Every shipment of nursery stock originating in a country main-
taining an inspection service siall be accompanied by a certifi-
cate of inspection issued and signed by an authorized official of
the country of origin, certifying that the nursery stock !in
respect of which the certificate was issued was thoroughly exam-
ined at the time of packing by the said Dfficia.) or his authorized
agent and was found, or believed, to be free from any pest or
disease, and such certificate in the case of nursery stock origina-
ting in Eurce shall also certify that thru-jh officiall soil samp-
lrng, or othor cfficLal Investiation the nursery stock included
in the &hinment was grown under conditions indicating apparent
freedom from the Golden Noeatode. Hetarcdera rostochlensis (Wr.).

(2) The original certificate of inspection shall accompany the way-
bill or bill of la.dtrig and shall be fuilahed to the inspector
at the port of importation by the transportation company. In
the case of shipments by mail, the certificate shall be enclosed
within the container.

(3) Each container of nursery stock shall have attached thereto a
copy of the certificate of inspection.

(4) Each certificate of inspection and copy thereof shall state the
country, and the locality therein, where the nursery stock was
grown, and the date of the inspection.

(5) Both the original certificate of inspection and the copy thereof
shall bear the official see.l of the authorized inspection service
of the country of origin. The actual signature of the authorized
official shall appear on the original certificate of inspection.
On the copy thereof, the said signature may be either actual or
reproduced.

(7) Special certificates required by specific Regulations herein shall
be provided in addition to the foregoing, and the original certi-
ficate hall accompany the waybill or bill of lading and a copy of
the certificate shall be attached to each container.







MarkIBn of Co.rtainers

3. Each container of nursery stock. in addition to bearing a copy of the
certificate of inspection, shall be clearly marked with the name and
address of the consignor and. of the consignee and the permit nur.bor,
and shall also bear a declarationi showing the quantity and kind of
nursery stock contained therein, unless such information is duly in-
oluded on the copy of the certificate of inspection,

Ports of importation

4. (1) Nursery stock originating in any country, imported into Canada
other than by mail, shall be routed only through any one of the
following ports;

St. John's, Newfoundland Windsor, Oat.
Halifax, N., S. Winnipeg, Man.
Saint Joh., I- B. Estean, Sask.
Montreal, Que. Lathbridge, Alta.
Ottawa, Ont. Vancouver, B, C.
Niagara Falls, Onto

(2) iNlureery stock in small quantities ray be imported by mail or air
express or air freight through the following J urtF;, in addition
to those listed in subsection (1):

Toronto, Ont.
London, Onto
Victoria, 3B, C.

(3) An importer intending to bring in nursery stock by mail shall
indicate the fact on the application for permit, A mailing
label will then be furnished to the importer with the permit.
The importer shall forward thick label to the shipper, who shall
attach it to the outside of the package of nursery stock,

Import Inspection

5. (1) Nursery stock entering Canada shall be inspected at one of the
ports of importation designated in section 4 before being al-
lowed to proceed to destination, unless otherwise directed by
an inspector.

Treatment of Infested or InufeJ.ted Nursery Stock

6. If, on inspection, anyt nu-'sery stock is found to be infested or in-
fected with any pest or disease, it shall be subjected to treatment
or destroyed, to tho extent deemed necessary by the inspector. Any
case, package and packing in which such nursery stock has been con-
tained shall also be treated or destroyed. At the discretion of the






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inspector and where no apparent danger exists, condemned nursery stock
may be returned to the shipper, but all details and costs with regard
to the return of such nursery stock shall be arranged between the im-
porter and the shipper.

Reshipment of Foreign Nursery Stock from the
United States to Canada

In an exchange of views with the Division of Plant Protection of the
Canadian Department of Agriculture, regarding the reshipment of foreign
nursery stock frum the United States to Canada, that Division has empha-
sized the requirement of certification suammarized in Circular B.EP4Qo 514.

The Canadian regulation stipulates that all plant material for propagation
purposes imported from any country shall be accompanied 1- a certificate
of inspection ieouel by an authorized inspector in that c untry, The
Division of Plant Protection informs us that importations into the United
States, cleared frora cuo-toms and released into the domestic oommerce of
the United. States and then reshipped to Canada, are regarded as United
States exports and should be covered by certificates of inspection ac'ord-
ing to E.EPQ, 1

We are also informed that .ndar the same regulation shipments which have
physically arrived in the United States but which were refused entry on
account of pests cannot be entered into Canada u.on reshipmcnt there from
the United States because a certificate of inspection as to freedom from
pests obviously could not be issued by an authorized official in this
country.

B. PROHIBITED IMPORTS

9. (1) The Importation into Canada of the following plants is prohibited:

(a) Potatoes (Solanum spp,) for seed or other purposes, from
Eujrope, the Azores Islands, the Canary Islands, and the
Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon,

(b) Plants, except seeds, of five-leaved species of the genis
Pinus and their horticultural carietiee, from all countries.

(c) Plants, inclidlng grafts, cuttings and seeds of Ribes
americanum, Ribes bracteosm, Ribes hudsonanum, Ribes
n1grm and Ribes petiolare and their horticultural varieties,
except the fresh fruit thereof, from all countries.

(d) Plants, except seeds, of all species and varieties of the
genus Larix from countries other than the United States of
America.



sqs^"






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(e) Plants, except seeds, of all species and varieties of the
genera Uimus and Zeikova including logs, burls or wood with
bark attached whether in the raw or manufactured state,
from all countries.

(f) Plants, including the seeds of all species, hybrids and hor-
ticultural varieties of barberry, in the genera Berberis,
Mahonia and Mahoberberis, except such species, hybrids and
horticultural varieties which have been determined on the
authority of the Dominion Botanist to be immune to black stem
rust of wheat, Puccinie. graminis Pers., from all countries.

(g) Plants, including the seeds of all buokthorns included in the
genus RPhmnvs, except such species which have been determined
on authority of the Dominion Botanist to be immune to crown
rust of oats, Puooinia coronata Cda,, from all countries.

(2) The Importation into the Province of British Columbia of plants,
except seeds, of all species, hybrid anaL horticultural varieties
of the genus CoYiLue (hazel, cob and filbert) from the States of
Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and New- Mexico, and all States of the
United States east thereof, is prohibited.

C. RESTRICTED IMPORTS

10. The importation into Canada of the following plants and other matter
is prohibited except in accordance with the provisions and restric-
tions set forth in this section-

Potatoes

(1) Potatoes (Solanum epp,) for seed or other purposes, from the
States of Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Maryland, unless the
shipment is accompanied by a certificate signed by an authorized
State or Federal official establishing that the potatoes com-
prised therein were grown outside of any area that has been quar-
antined for tha wart disease, Snchytrium endobloticum (Schilb)
Perc.

(The requirement of fumigation for potatoes from the State of
California has been revoked and potatoes may now come forward
from California without restriction.)

Plants, etc., from Gypsy and Brown-tail Moth Areas

(3) All nursery stock from Gypsy moth or Brown-tail moth areas, in-
cluding all plants for the purpose of propagation or further
growth, but not including plants grown in and shippfe from a
greenhouse, flower bulbs or perennial roots; the foliage of
conifers, holly and laurel; except when used in floral funeral









pieces; forest proo-uc.ts, 'nclu.3.4g lcgs, i.an bark, posts, poles,
railway tizs, cordwood aii lumba -, and. stcne and quarry products
from the States of Connecticut, Xaii.e, M&aRsachuset'.s, New
Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Ve:-rnit, ard from such areas of the
States of New Yo!k and Pennsylvania as may be regulated from
time to time und-r the Gypsy and Bro-n-tall Moth Quarantine
maintained by the United Statea Depart e::nt of Agriculture or by
a State DC:partment of Agrivulture, unless accompanied by a certi-
ficate of the United States Department of Agriculture or a State
Department of Agriculture, establishing that the Fihipment was
exexined and found free from infestation by eithLe the Gypsy mo-th
or Brown-tail moth.

Chestnut Plants

(5) All species, hybrids, and horticultural varieties, including the
seeds, of the genus Castanea from Europe, Asia, and the United
States of Amurica -.nleei certificate issued and signed by an authorized official of tho
country of origin to the effect that the plants (including seeds)
covered by the certificate are believed to be resistant to the
chestnut bark disease. Erdothia parasitlca (Murr.) A.A.

Virus Elseasea of Stor.e Fruits

(6) (a) All hybrids and horticultural variptlieL of sweet cherry, Prunus
avi-i-nm includingg Mazard seedling stock) sour cherry, P. cerasus,
coke-cherry, P. vir.iniari. (ilncl2':': vpr. drmissa), Mahaleb
cherry, P. mahaleb, peach, P. per.ica, ind nectorine, P. persica
var. Nectarina, incLidlng teeso, _oot stocks, cuttings, scions,
budsticks, seeds (except ..etich and nectarine), and cherry pollen,
from the United States of America unless each shipment is accomp-
anied by a certificate issued a'id signed by an author17ed official
of a State or the Federal Departmert of Agriculture establishing
that the material included in the shipment originated in and was
shipped from a nursery or cth.r source that h-s been iOpected by
an authorized official ar.d that the virus diseases Littl3 Cherry
(not Including western X little cherry), Albino Cherry, Cherry
Buckskin, and Pink Fruit are not known to occur, either in the
nursery or other source, or within one mile thereof.

(b) Root stocks and trees of all species, hybrids and horticultural
varieties of peach or nectarine from the United States of
America unless each shipment is accompanied by a certificate
issued and signed by an authorized -,fficial establishing that
the virus diseases Phoney Peach and Peach Mosaic are not known to
occur, either in the nursery or within one mile of its b.ui-iarles.

(c) All species, hybrids, and horticultural varieties of peach or
nectarine, including root stock, trees, cuttings, scions, seeds






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and budsticks to the Province of British Columbia from the
United States of America unless each shipment is accompanied by
a certificate issued and signed by an authorized official estab-
lishing that the virus diseases Peach Yellows and Little Peach
are not known to occur, either in the nursery or within one mile
of its boundaries.

Hosts of Oriental Fruit Moth

(7) All species, hybrids and horticultural varieties, including the
flowering forms of almond, apple, apricot, cherry, chokecherry,
hawthorn (Crataegus spp.), nectarine, peach, pear, plum and
quince trees, plants or parts thereof, including the fresh fruit
and seeds thereof, into the Province of British Columbia from the
United States of America, unless

(a) Each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued and signed
by an authorized official of a State or the Federal Department of
Agriculture establishing that the material included in the ship-
mont originated in, and was shipped from a nursery, orchard, or
other source in a district which had been inspected by an aathor-
ized official, and that the Oriental Fruit Moth, Grapholitha
(Laspeyresia) molesta Busck, is not known to occur, either on the
premises from which it was shipped, or in the district in which
it was produced, or

(b) Each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued and signed
by an authorized official of a State or the Federal Department of
Agriculture establishing that the material included in the ship-
ment was fumigated with methyl bromide as prescribed hereunder:

Fresh Fruit:

At 80 F., 1 lb. methyl bromide per 1,000 cu. ft. of space for 2 hrs.
N 70 F., 1.5 lb. "f 2 hrs.
" 60 F., 2 lb. i" "i 2 hrs.
" 50 F., 2.5 lb. ft" "ft 2 hrs.
" 40 F., 3 lb. i" 2 hrs.

Trees, Plants or Parts thereof:

At 70 F., 2 lb. methyl bromide per 1,000 cu. ft. of space for 4 hrs.
60 F., 3 lb. 4 hrs.

Corn and Corn Products from the United States

(8) (a) All corn stalks, including sorghums, broom corn and popcorn,
whether used for packing or other purposes, green sweet corn,
corn on the cob, shelled corn and corn cobs, into the Provinces
of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, from






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the United States of America except from the States of Arizona,
California, Florida, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon,
Texas, Utah, Washington and Wyoming, unless

(i) The corn and corn parts specified herein have been manu-
factured or processed in such a manner as to eliminate all
risk of carriage of the European corn borer, Pyrausta
nubilalis Hbn., or

(11i) Each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued and
signed by an official of a State or the Federal Department of
Agriculture, establishing that each such shipment has been
fumigated in a vacuum or air-tight vault as prescribed in the
schedules hereunder, or

(ill) Each shipment of shelled corn is accompanied by a certificate
issued and signed by an official of a State or the Federal
Department of Agriculture stating that the corn has been
examined and found free from the European corn borer, Pyrausta
nubilalls Hbn., and corn cob and corn stalk debris, or

(iv) Each shipment of shelled corn is accompanied by a certificate
issued and signed by an official of a State or the Federal
Department of Agriculture stating that the shelled corn had
been passed through a screen of half-inch mesh or less, and
is believed to be free from corn parts capable of harboring
a larva of the European corn borer.

(b) Shipments from the States listed in subparagraph (a) shall be
accompanied by a certificate issued and signed by an authorized
State or Federal official in which the State of origin is declared.

FUMIGATION SCHEDULES

FOR BROOM CORN, CORN STALKS AND CORN COBS

(i) Vacuum fumigation:

Vacuum fumigation under sustained reduced pressure throughout
the exposure period, following introduction of the fumigant, of
not more than two inches of absolute mercurial pressure (28-inch
vacuum at sea level) with one or other of the following two
fumigants:

Hydrocyanic acid gas (HCN):

Temperature of the vault and Pounds per Exposure
commodity to be not less than 1,000 cu. ft. of space period

60 F. 2.5 Not less than
3 hrs.











Temperature of the vault
and commodity


60 F. or above
50 F. 59 F.
40 F. 49 F.


Me thyl 'Bromide .(CH3Br):

: 'Pounds per
1,000 cu. ft. of space

S2.5
4


Exposure period


2.5 hrs.
2.5 hrs.
2.5 hrs.


(ii) Atmospheric' Fumigation in an Air-Tight Vault


Methyl Bromide (CH3BrY:


Temperature of the vault
and commodity


60 F. or above
550 F. 59 F.
50F.- 540 F.
450 F. -490 F.
4o0 F. 440 F.


Pounds per
1,000 cu. ft. of space


2.5
S3.0
:3.5
: 4.0
4.5


Exposure period

16 hra.
16 hrs.
16 hrs.
16 hrs.
16 hrs.


FOR DRIED CORN INCLUDING SEED CORN AND POPCORN ON THE COB

(1) Vacuum fumigation:

The temperatures, dosages and exposure period shall be as for
broom corn, corn stalks and corn cobs. (See also "Note"
following.) -

(ii) Atmospheric Fumigation in an Air-Tight Vault


Temperature of the vault
and commodity


Methyl Bromide (CH3Br):

Pounds per
1,000 cu. ft. of space


Exposure period


60 F. or above
60 F. or above
50 F. 590 F.


12-18 hrs.
4 hrs.
4 hrs.


FOR GREEN SWEET CORN ON THE COB

Atmospheric fumigation only with Methyl Bromide (CH3Br):


Temperature of the vault
and commodity


Pounds per
11000 cu. ft. of space


Exposure period


70 F. or above
60o F. 69 F.
50 F. 590 F.


2.5
3
3


2.5 hrs.
3 hrs.
4 hrs.






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NOTE: (1) Adequate ventilation of the fuirogant from tLie products shall
be provided before the shipmsn, is released for movrement.

(2) A fan shall be used I.n atnoepheric vaults to provide adequate
distribution of the fiumiga..t.

(3) Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) should not b.j U..i to fumigate seed corn
at temperatures below 50 F., or when the moisture content of the seed is
over 12 per cent.

Plants from Hawaii and Puerto Rico

(10) All nursery stock and plant for ornamental pur-oses or propagation
with sand, soil or earth about the roots from the Territories of
Hewali and Puerto Rico, unless

(a) The oanC is clean ocean sand;

(b) The sa:A.d, soil or earth is acc'mpanie. by a certificate issued
by an authorized official of the United States Department of
AgricuilLure establishing that the sand, soil or earth has been
so processed 'hat no peot risk is involved; and

(c) Eaci shipment of plants without soil is iccompaniod by a certi-
ficate cf inspection in accoixanco with sa'ctlon 2 of Part II.

Fruits and Vogetables fr.m the 1-walia.:. Islands

(11) All fruits and v36etables, in the natural or raw state; riw peel
of fruits of all sener9, 39des nd ve-ietie8 c.' the slibfaillies
Aurantlolieae, Rutoide -;ind Tc.'i 1oideae, uf the botanical family
Rutaceea; cut f lo'er7c; rlce straw; riand qnjo seed.; from the
Territory of Hawaii, nlesso a;cc(- le' L by a certificate issued and
signed by an authorized o:fi'ial of the Unitcd Statess Dcpar-Lment of
Agriculture, estibllshing -Wit :ach Guch shipment wac inspected or
treated to conform with regulations dmi'nlstere. by the Pareau of
Entomology and Plant Quarantine, V.-..trd States Departmen-, of
Agriculture, a6 applying to the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratltis
capt-ita (WVed.), the melon fly, Dacus cucurbltae Coq., the Criental
fruit fly, Dacus d.'rsalis Hendl., P.d all c.her Irsects, pes"& or
diseases.

Wheat from Certain States of the United Statea

(13) All sp3ctes and varieties of wheat, including straw, bran and chaff
from the States of Washington, Mlntana, Idaho, Utah, Oregon; Wycming
qndr New York, unless a permit for each importation has been procured
by the importer from the Chief, Division o,' Plant Protection, and
each shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued and signed by
an authorized State or Federal official establishing that the







- 12 -


material covered by the certificate was harvested in a locality
where the disease Dwarf Bunt (race of Tilletia caries (D.C.) Tul.),
is not known to exist. The application for permit shall give the
names and addresses of the importer and exporter, the quantity and
kind of material to be imported and ths purpose of importation.
The permit and certificate shall be presented with the other entry
papers before release of the shipment will be permitted by Customs;
Provided, however, that this paragraph shall not apply to wheat
seed imported for scientific purposes by universities, agricultural
colleges, and Dominion and Provincial Departments of Agriculture
from similar institutions, State or Federal Departments of
Agriculture in the States specified.

PART III IMPORTATIONS OF INSECTS, PESTS OR DISEASES FOR
SCIENTIFIC OR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES

1. The importation into Canada of living insects, pests and diseases is
prohibited except in accordance with the provisions and restrictions
set forth hereunder:

Any living stage of the numerous small invertebrate animals except
honey bees, Apie mellifica L., belonging to the phylum Arthropoda
(as, for example, insects, mites, ticks, centipedes), any form of
elongated invertebrates lacking appendages, commonly referred to
as worms (as, for example, nematodes), any form of protozoa, any
form of fungi (as, for example, rusts, smuts, molds, and yeasts),
any form of bacteria, any form of viruses, or any form of similar
or allied organisms which may directly or indirectly affect, In-
jure or cause disease in plants, from all countries, unless

(a) The proposed importation is to be used for scientific or edu-
cational purposes only;

(b) An application is submitted to the Chief, Division of Plant
Protection, providing the names and addresses of the consignee
and consignor, and scientific names of the pest or disease,
the institution or place of origin, quantity, number of con-
tainers, the purpose of the importation and the name and ad-
dress of the institution where the material will be used;

(c) The application is approved by the Dominion Entomologist or
Dominion Botanist, or under the authority of either;

(d) A permit is issued by the Chief, Division of Plant Protection,
or his duly authorized representative;

(e) The importation is routed through one of the ports specified
in section 4 of Part II, or through Belleville, Ontario, or
other port of importation as may be later established;






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(f) The forwarding label issued with the permit, designating the
port through which the importation shall be routed, has been
forwarded by the importer to the shipper and attached to the
outside of each container; and

(g) A release certificate issued by an authorized inspector at the
port of importation is presented by the importer with the per-
mit at the Customs port of entry.

2. (1) Eveiy importation authorized under section 1 is subject to inspec-
tion at the port of importation and may be held for further exam-
ination if, in the opinion of the inspector; such importation
includes insects or other organisms not specifically covered by
the permit.

(2) Every importation held for further examination pursuant to sub-
section (1) shall, if found to include insects or organism not
specifically covered by the permit, be refused entry or destroyed.

EXPORT CERTIFICATION Of GPALEE FOR CERTAIN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

(Regulations under the Fruit, Ve(3etables and Honey Act. Acts, Orders and
Regulations Chapter 62 of the Statutes 1935, Rvsvloed 1947. Administered
by the Dominion Department of Agricult- -e, Market1In Service, Fruit and
Vegetable Division)

The following fruits and vegetables are required to be accompanied by a
Government Inspection Certificate ("D certificate") stating that, at the
time and place of direct shipment to Canada, the produce "meets Canadian
import requirements": Apples, apricots, asparagus, beets or carrots with-
out tops, cabbage, cantaloupes, celery, cherries, grapes, head lettuce,
onions without tops, parsnips, peaches, pears, plums, prunes, potatoes,
rhubarb (field grown), rutabagas and tomatoes. The above-noted
"Government Inspection Certificate" is issued by inspectors of the Fruit
and Vegetable Branch of the Production and Marketing Administration.
-Shippers of the above fresh fruits and vcgotables chculd be referred to
that agency. An export certificate (Form EQ-375) is not required.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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