Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Kingdom of Belgium

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Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Kingdom of Belgium
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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j


ID E21 Belgium


Mi ZED STATES ARTLi OF AGRICULTU1fJ
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.


Septer 24, 1952

B.E.P.Q,.-437, 2nd Revision



PLAMiT-QUARAiI Z] I-PORT PESTRICTIONS

OF TIJM

XIVGDOiOF 31LGIU11


This revision of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of tne Kingdom
of Belgium, becoming necessary as a result of the issuance in Belgium of
new San Jose scale regulations and denouncement of the Phylloxera Conven-
tion at Berne, has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant
quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants
and plant products to that country. It indicates also restrictions on th
importation of seeds.

The revision was prepared by R. G. Oakley of the Division of Plant
Quarantines from Royal and Iviinisterial orders cited in the text and was
reviewed by a representative of the iiinistry of Agriculture of Belgium.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct and
complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to be used
independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts of the quar
antines and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative; the
decrees, orders, etc., should be consulted for the exact texts.


/ /


Chief, Bureau of itomology andPi eani % trantine
7-









PLMAl- QUAP iTI.E I12ORT PLST-,I-CTIOZS


OF THE

HI7GGDM OF ] ELGI71i


BASIC iGISLATIOIT

Royal Decree of March 26, 1936: Section III, articles 7 to 10 inclusive,
prohibits the importation -of horticultural plants, nursery stock, and
other products designated by the iiinister of As riculture %hen they are
attacked by insects or plant diseases iarmful to the cultures of Belgi m,
and empowers the Minister of Agriculture, in cooperation ,-Ath the Iinizt:
of Finance, to restrict their itnortation to certAin customs ports of
entry; to prohibit the entry of certain species or varieties of nlants
from designated countries, or )rescribe tae production of certifica tes
affirming that the .-roducts offered for importation proceed from cul-
tures free from injurious insect pests ana.plant diseases anCt that the
shipments do not contain such insect -oests and diseases; to effect treat-
ment of im.-ortations; end to order destruction, without right of .ndemnitl
of products shied to the interior and found to be att.'),cked 0'y injurious
pests and plant diseases.

Roy2.a Decree of Hcorch 12, 1952 and supplementary decrees thereunder of
the inistry of Agriculture regulate the entry of hosts of the San Jose
scale. These and other restrictive leji slation are summarized in the
following as they apnmly to products from the United States.




Special restrictions are ap'licabie to woody plants and their fruits,
which require sanitary- certification a:;ainst San Jose scale (Federal or
Stat3); to potato;-s, requiring a certificate of origin; to see.ls, subject
to grade and purlty standards; and to resinous timber A-dth bark.


Im-oortation Prohibited

Horticultural Plants, Nursery Stock, and other Plant Products attacked
by insect pets or plant diseases harmful to the cultures 'of
BelgiAm; Im-!ortation prohibited!. (See Basic Le:islation.


Importation Restricted

Fresh fruits of woody plants (aples, -ears, peaches, citrus, etc.): ::ust
be accompanied by sanitary certificates attesting. to their freedom
from San Jose scale. (See ,ar. 1, >. 2.)

Fresh Peaches, I-ectarines, Plums, and Aw.ricots: Admitted only when found
by inspection in Belgium to be free from larvae of fruit flies







(Trypetidae), the peach twig borer (Anarsia lineatella Zell*),
the plum crculio (Conotrachelus nenuharHbst),..and-the oriental
fruit moth (Grahol 1-tha molesta Bus(s). ( See p. 6.)

iarsery Stock of Woody Plants, exce-pt seeds end subterranean parts:
iust be accompanied by a certificate declaring the plants are free
of San Jose scale. Plants of 24 genera, except for grafts, are
authorized entry only from October 1 to April 15, and are subject
to fumigation on arrival, (See pp. 2-4.)

?otatoes: Must be accompanied by a certificate attesting the tubers
proceed from a locality free from potato wart (Synchytrium
endobioticum (Schilbo) Pere.) (See pp. 4-5.)

Rlesinous Timber: Must be free of bark. (See p,.6,)

oeds of Designated Kinds: Must be tagged to show origin, purity, and
germinability. (See pp. 9-11.)


Importation Unrestricted

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, with the exception of those whose
importation is prohibited or restricted by special quarantines:
ay be imported into Belgium -ithout permit or certification.

Herbaceous Plrnts (bulbs, orchids, sansevieria, perennials, etc.)


SA JOSJi SCALE, 1ULATIOTS
(Royal Decree of March 12, 1952, and 1iinisterial Decrees
of March 13, 1952)

Phytosanitary Certificate Required

1. The importation of living woody plants or parts of living woody
plants, including their fruits, but excluding seeds and subterranean
parts of woody plants, is authorized only vhen each shipment thereof
is accompanied by an official certificate of the phytopathological
Service of the country of origin, certifying that examination has
revealed the shipment to "ie free of San Jose scale (Aspidiotus
nerniciosus).

The certificate must mention specifically, in French or Dutc. that
the shipment is free of San Jose scale (Aspidiotus nerniciosus).

2. Shipments which are not accompanied by the required certificates
shall be held by the customs officials and examined by the special
phytopathological Service. They shall be returned if they are found
infested with San Jose scale.






3 am


Inspection iay Be Required

3- The special phytopathological Service can, when it so deems
advisable, inspect shipments, even when they are accompanied by the
certificate described in paragraph I.


Fumigation of Certain Plants Required

4. Even though accompanied by the certificate described in pargr h
1, living woody plants or parts of living v:oody plants of the genera
listed below shall be fvm.gated with hydrocyanic acid -ras or other
insecticide approved by the special phytopathological Ser-ice.

Acer Fagus o
Amygdalus (Prunus) JugLIans runus
Armeniaca (Prunus) Ligustrum Ribes
Cerasus (Prunus) Malus (PLrus) Rosa
Chaenomeles (Cydonia) Cirobolona (?runus) Salix
Cotoneaster Padus (Prunus) Soro'"
Crataegus Persica (Prunus) Syrrga
Cydonia Pirus (Pyrus) Ulmus

Cut flowers of these plants, when not intended for use as cuttings,
grafts, or other means of vegetative propagation, are exempt from this
treatments

Plants with leaves attached may equally be ex:empt from this treatment,
after verification by examination by the phytopathologicP1 Service.


Seasonal Limitations on Plant Importations

5. The irnortation of living woody plants or parts of living woody
plants cited in paragraph 4 is authorized only from October 1 to April
15, except that the importation of grafts is authorized throughout the
year.


Shipping Requirements for Plants to be Treated

6. All importations of the plants or parts of plants cited in paragraph
4, and to be treated as required, must be addressed to the account of
the consignee to the fumigation station installed at the Station de Tour
et Taxis, in Brussels, and must be made exclusively by rEil.

Each shipment must be accompanied by an importers declaration attached
to the phytonathological cert 14cate, indicating name aad actress of
shipper, description of the contents of the shipment, marks on the
packages or of the freight car conveying them, and name and address of
the consignee.








The same shipment or the same freight car may contain plants to be
treated and plants which are exempt from treatment, on condition that
these two groups of plants are distinctly separate, whether the one
or the other is wrapped, and that they are listed on separate waybills.


Authorized Ports of Entry

7. The importation of living woody plants or parts of living woody
plants, including their fruits, is authorized only through the ports
named, as follolas:

(a) Fresh fruits of woody Ylants: Seaports of Antwerp, Ostend,
ani Zeebrugge, and various inland stations.

(b) nody plants subject tofigation: Seaports of Antwerp,
Ostend, and Zeebrugge, various inland stations, and airport
at Lrussels-Kelsbroek.

(c) ,oody plantsjnot subject to fumigation, shipped by sea:
Antwerp, Brussels, Ghent, Liege, Ostend, and Zeebrugge.
(d) Woody ants ands thereof shied by air: Brussels-

Melsbroek.

R:-STEJICTI0NS ON TKO Ii4PORTATIOIT OF POTATOES

(Order of March 29, 1928)

Potato Wart Disease

1. The importation of potatoes into Belgium is authorized only when
each shipment is accompanied by a certificate (see Certificate A, page
5) issued by the phytopathological Service of the country of origin,
attesting that the tubers proceed from a region free from wart disease
(Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Pere.)

To be regarded as proceeding from a wart-free region, the potatoes
must have been grotm in and shipped from a locality situated at least
20 kilometers from any land infected by wart disease.

However, tubers gathered in and shipped from a locality situated in a
district not free from wart disease, but more than 500 meters from
infected land, may be admitted if accompanied by a certificate (see
Certificate B, pae 5) establishing9 to tha satisfaction of the Department
of Agriculture, that the shipment was inspected by the said service and
found free from wart disease.








Authorized Ports of Entry

2. Importation by sea nayb made through the following customs ports
of entry: Antwerp, Bruges, Brussels, Ghent, Liege, Lillo, and Ostend

3 Shipments *not accompanied by one of the certificates prescribed by
regulation 1 will be rejected, unless, as the result of an inspection
by the*Belgian special phytopathological Service at the importers
expense, the shipments are fofiind-free from-wart disease.


MODEL CERTIFICATE A

The undersigned, specially designated by the Government of (country
or state), declares that the'potatoes included in the shipment described
below were grown at and shipped from (place where grown), a district free
(within a radius of at least 20 km.) of Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.)
Perc.

Done' at on (date)

(OFFIfCLAL SEAL) ________
(Inspector's signature


KODA& LGEBRTICATE B

The undersigned, specially designated for that purpose by the
Government of (name &f country or state), declares that the potatoes
included in the shipment described below were grown in and shipped from
a district where no potato wart disease (Syn trim endobioticum
(8chilb.) Perc.) exists within a radius of at least 500 .meters,

The shipment was inspected by.me and found free from SynhtrIum
endobioticue.

Done at on (date)

(OFFIC IAL S&AL)
Inspectors signature


Description of Shipment-

Country of origin
Number and kind of 'ontainers
Marks
N ame and address of 'shipper
Name and address of consignee
Place nd date of embarkation-





- - __


FRESH PEuACHES, T]ECTARLIES, AiD APRICOTS SBJ2CT
TO INSPZCTION OJ AL-JVAL --.
(Ministeritlr Order of J'liy 14, 9

1. The importation of fresh peaches, nectarines, and apricots into
Belgium from any source or.origin is authorized only wrhen,;as- a r@oult
of an inspection by the special Belgian phytopathologicgl Service, At'
the expense of the importer, they are found free fromthe larvae or
maggots of any fruit fly (Trypetidae), as well as of the peach twig
borer (Anarsia lineatella Zell.), the -plum curculio (Conotraichelus
nenuphar Hbs and the oriental fruit moth ra)rholitha
i iolesta Busck).


Authorized- Ports of Entry

2. Lmportdtion may be made only through the customs ports of Antwerp
(2nd, 3rd, and 4th offices), Brussels (lst, 2nd, and 3rd offices),, and
Melsbroeck Airport, Liege, Erguelinnes (railway station), Esschen (rail-
way station), Montaleux (iouscron), iouscron (railway station), Ce
(railway station, and Ylontzen (railway station).

Shipments found at the ports underscored to be infested by the pests
named in regulation 1 will be refused entry; those found so infested
at the other ports will be burned at the expense of the importer*


PFSINOUS TIFMLR WITH-,B"RKA PRHI 2ITED
(Decree of the Regent of, Feb'i-ry 1949, as amended
,November 5, 1949)

The movement into and trariit through Belgiumof resinous timber not
completely stripped of bark and of a circumference, at .its largest.-
girth, greater than 30 centimeters,. is prohibited: Provided that, the
Minister of Agriculture, in the interest of the national industry,
can authorize, by special derogations, the importation of such timber
originating in a country not bordering Belgium. In the event of such
a derogation, 20 days after entrance of such timber into the country
will be allowed for stripping bark and burning same.


SPECIAL PROVISIONS 2OR TRADB IN SDS
AI D PLAS .'O F ALL KI1WS
(Decree of Aug. 23, 1935 Completed by Decree of Jan* 2&, 1946)

Imported Seeds Must Bear Descriptive Tag

1. All packages of seeds and plants imported, held for sale, offered
for sale, transported, sold, or exchanged, must be .provided with a tag
indicating (a) name and complete address of seller or shipper (in case






-- fIII.7 -


ofregiotered;seed s, and. po tatopl.ants, producers" number is- accept-
able, r-r the name and,,.addrss of: seller and' (b) exact name (species
and varietyY..

Ththr~itinmust bsupplied, as. f ol is:,

(a) For .seedI i~qlud.e Iin the ls-t of norms published by the
Minister (see pages S to 11): The minimum germination
expressed in percent of the number of seeds or seedballs,
and minimum. percentage .f pity by weight, if percentages
-Arebelow.:the uorms in force, as published by tho:0. iinister.

(b) For cereals:-. If: the name of the variety is u ncnwn, a
statement to that effect. For seeds designated "original"
or- "select", the.mInirmum. percentage (by number); of seeds
belonging, to .the:.d-esig~nated variety: r. type, if percentage
is less than 99-5. The designation, "original" must be
acombanied by the name of the selecting station or the
name* of the selector.


(c) For clover and alfalfa seeds:
if known.


The country of production,


(d) For sainfoin (Onob-chis sativa): The percentage of
pimpernel seedsTpimoinella saxifrapa), if the rate exceeds
5 pereeht*.of ..the. weight.,


For flax: The couzry of, production, or, if unknown, a
statement to that effect.

For beets: The percentage of moisture, if above 15 percent.
The percentage of germination is expressed. in percent of
seedballs and not in number of gerfas furnished by 100 seed-
balls,

For other plants: The idinister is authorizes to regulate
the sale of other plants- and especially to require infori--
matiori on the ex~act-: np re of grafted or budded stocks.


*- 4* .' S -&
2. Collective shipments of seeds* The outer package il carry
statement, "collective shipment of seeds." Each packet enclosed
carry the required statement as to-.contents.


3. Sealing of packageS]t
3 kilograms (6.6 lbs.).

4. Prohibitionst It is


the
will


Not required for packages weighing less-.that


prohibited to sell for.,culttvation:


Seeds containing-a total:.of more than 4 percent by..weight
of the seeds ef ..the following noxious. weeds::


(e)


f.)


(&)
I








SBromus Mallis L., Daucus carota L., Festuca sciuroides Roth.,
olq0cuis L., Matricaria chamomilla L., Sin s arvensis L.,
S. alba L., Orobanche L.,: Rume Lo, Plantago L., Ra as
raphanistrumL ., Trifoliwm filiforme L., T. minus Relbm,
or other noxious weed designated by the iiniSter*-

(b) Adulterated seeds sulfuredd, dyed, etc0), either pure or
in mixtures.

(c) Seeds containing more than '4odde eed to 50 grams of
whfte. clover, 'alsike .clover, -trefoil,: etc., or to 100
grams of red clover, crimson clover, alfalfa, lupine,
anthyllis, flax, and grass mixtures for pastures.

5. Tolerances: 3 percent for-purity, not including noxious weeds
listed in paragraph 4 (a); 5 percent in germination*

6. If the importiation of certain seeds offers serious danger to
agriculture, the Minister is authorized to prohibit their importation,
or according to his judgment, to subject their importation to such
guaranties as he may deem proper.


TABUZ OF NOIKS

Purity and Germinability of Imported. Seeds'

I* 0I h~A8


Purity


Germi-
nability


Avena sativa L.
Hordeum spp.
Secale cereal L.
Triticum spp.
Zea mays L.
Fagopyrum esculentum Moensch
Polygonum, fapzrm


oats
barley
rye
'Wheat
corni, maize
buckwheat


I. GRASSES


Alopecurus 1ratensis Lo
Anthoxanthumodoratui L.
Agrostis sppfo
Arrhenatherum slatius L.
Cynosurus cristatusI .'
Dactylis flomerata Lo
Festuca. (pratensis)ielatior L..
Festuca ovina L.


meadow foxtail
-rsweet vernal grass
bentgrass
tall oatgrass
crested dogtail
orchard grass"
meadow fescue
sheep rescue


S.


94
95
95
96
93
93


9o
95
93
93
90
70


60
9o
.5
'79
90
95
9w2
s0


"- 65
60
75
75
70
70
75
75






9 .

GPAS cRSSZ (.Cont)


Puri ty


Festuca rubra L. red fescue .
Holcus lanatus L. velvet grass :
Lo ium perenne L. perennial ryegrass 9)4
Lolium perenne var. Pacey's ryegrass 9:
Lolium (itali-cum) multiflorum Lam.Italian ryegrass 94
Lolium multiflorum var. iTesterwold ryegrass 94
westerwoldicum


Phleum pretense L.
Poea pratensis Lo
0oa trivialis L.
Tirisetum flavescens (L Beauv.


timo thy
Kentucky bluegrass
rough bluegrass
golden trisetum


92
so
93
67.


Gemi-
nab!,it


65
70
80
80
80



70
75
60


III. LMGMES


AnIthy!!s vlneraria L.
Vicia faba var. e uina L.
=Faba vulgaris
Medicago sativa L.
1'iedicago lupuloia Ta-
Lotus corniculatus Lea
0nobris( iva) viciaefolia
Scop.
Ornithopus sativus Brot.
Pisum sativum var. arvense (L.)
Poir.
Lupinus (alba) skinneri Lindl,
Lu-oinus luteus L.


Luninus varius Lt
Trifolium VriumL.
Trifolium ratense L.
Trifolium reens L.
Trifolim incarnatum .L.
Vicia spp.


.".sandclover
.horsebean


alfalfa, lucerne
yellow trefoil
birdsfoot trefoil
sainfoin

serradella
fiel pe-a

White lupine
European yellow
lupine
annual lupine
alsike clover
red clover
white clover
crimson clover
vetches


IV. FODD:,2 PLANTTS
f'


4
Beta vuIgaris L.
Brassica oleracea acephala L.
Bras sica nanus era.
Brassica oleracea --- e
var. caulo-orapa l.)--
trassica raifera -Lo'-.
Brassica(sinais) alba Boisso
,Spergula arvensis L.


common beet
Kale
rape
. kohlrabi

common turnip
white mustard
spurry


80
9o


93
95

93
93
9)4
95

91
9),


94'
9)4

93
92
90
93
92


80
75
.70

75
.90

'80

80.
80

85
90
82
8o-


9)4
93
93
93

93
93
92


75
75
75
75

75
8o
8o






- 10 -a


V. IfDUSTRIAL PLANTS


Purity


4
Germi-
nab ility


Beta vulgaris saccharifera L.
Brassca napus var. oleifera D.C.
Cichorium intybus
Cannabis sativa L.
Linum usitatissimum L.


sugar beet
rape
chicory


he=
flax,


linseed.


VI. GARDIEW PLANTS


Allium L.
AlI-ium poru L.
Anthriscus cerefolium Hoff'm.
Apium ~ravoolens L.
Atriplex hortensis L.
p etroselinum See Petrose
Beta vulgaris L.
Braosica oleracea L.
Brassicarapa L.
Cichorium endivia L.
Cichoriumi ntybus L.
Cucumis sativus L.
Cucumis sat ivus L'.-.-
Daucus carota Lo
Lactuca sativa L.
LYC2perse3m esculentum Mill.
LepA-ium sativum L.
Pastinaca sativa L.
Petroselinum hIortense Hoffm
Phaseolus vulgaris I.
Pisum sativum L.
pi s. sativum L.
Portulaca oleracea L,
Raphanus sativus L.
Rumex acetosa L.
Scandix cerefolium. See Anthri
Scorzonera hispanica L.
Sopiacea 0leracea L.
Tetrao expansa Thunb.
Valerianella (oitoria) locusta
(Lt) Betcke


common onion
leek
garden chervil
celery
orach, sea purslane
linum hortense Hoffm.
common beet
cabbage family
white turniip
endive


Q ~'


95
95
93
94
390

94
93

90


chicory 87
cucumber 90
pickling cucumber 95-
carrot 85
lettuce ....oI 90
tomato 9:
garden cress -' 93'
parsnip .-,. 90
parsldy
common or kidney Ve'an 95"
pea, round 91.
pea, wrinkled 94
purslane *. go 90
radish 87
garden sorrel !' ,9


black salsify
spinach
New Zealand s]
corn- salad, l
lettuce


pinach
amb(s


95
95
95
67


70
65
70
o
25

70
75
75
65
.70
6Q
75
70*
.65.
65


75
90
75
75
75
75


70
75
4o
60


VII. TR:2S


Abies (pectinata) picea (D.C.)
Lindl.
Acer peeudtplatanuz L.


silver Ur


sycamore maple


915


94
94
95


7.3
75

90
go


30..
0






- 111-


Purity


Germi-
nabil


Alnus incana .illd.
Alnus glutinosa Gaertn.
3etla (alba) pendula Roth
Caroinus betulus L.
_s sylvatica L,
Fraxinus excelsior L.
arix (europaea) decidua (DC)M ill
Larix leirtolepi Surro
Picea excelsa Link.
Pinus sylvestris L.
Pinus (ritima) pinaster (Poir)
Ait,


Pinus
Pinus
Pinus

Pinus
Pinus


montana Mill
aiist riaca)
strobus L.


niigra Arnold


cembra L.
la-icio) nigra Arnold


Pseuadotsug (douiglasi) taxifolia

(cus Nedunculata) robur

(ercus sessiliflora Saiisb.
Tilia spc.
Ulmusa pp.


Speckled alder


siro'ean aide3
bEuropean whit
Europoean horn"
European beech
European ash
%European lard
Japanese lard
Norway spruce
Scotch pine
cluster pine


r
e birch
beam
h

h
h


Swiss mountain pine
Austrian pine
white pine,
Weymouth pine
Swiss stone pine
Austrian pine
Corsican pine
Douglas fir

English oak

Dlurmast oak
lindens
elms


6O
60
30
96
96
95
75
75
95
95
95

95
95
94

97

95

90

95

95
90
60


30
25
25
45
50
65
~40
45
95
90
50

70
95
70

70
70

55
65

65
60
35


LI3RARY
STATE PLANT BOARD


VII. T =4S (Gout.)








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