Plant-quarantine import restrictions of Central America

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Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of Central America
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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oclc - 787869170
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Introduction
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    British Honduras
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Costa Rica
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Guatemala
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Honduras
        Page 9
    Nicaragua
        Page 10
    Panama
        Page 11
    Salvador
        Page 12
        Page 13
Full Text

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,*
LIBRARY /- ,
STATE PLANT BOAR6


UNITED STATES DkPART.:E1IT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.


M,-yi 10, 1937.


3. E. P. Q.--445
Surerseding P. Q. C. A.--314


PLATIT-;UARA'TII'E IMFO:RT RESTRI ACTIONS

OF


C7.I'TnAL Al,'ERICA















UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
.shington, D. C.



B. E P.q.--445 May 10, 1937.
Superseding P. Q. C. A.--314



PLANT-QUATRA:TE1E II :PORT RESTRICTIONS

OF

CEiTTRAL A12ER ICA


The following summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions
of the countries of Central America has been prepared for the information
of nurserymen, plant-quarantine officials, and others interested in the
exportation of plants and plant products from the United States of
North America to those countries.

The sumxriary was compiled by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Quarantine
Inspector in Charge, Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign
Flant quarantines, from the original texts or his translations thereof.
The summaries were then reviewed by the appropriate officials of the
respective countries.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and coriplete up to the time of preparation, but it is not in-
tended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original
texts, and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative. The
quarantines themselves should be consulted for the exact texts.













PLU'TT-QUARAi'T IT'rE I!.:PORT REST I CT 1ITS

OF

C '...RAL A ERI IICA.



CONTENTS


FYe

BRITISH --'I)U.AS
Basic Legislation 2
Importation of banana plants prohibited from
certain countries 2------- ----------
Importation of citrus plants restricted---- - - - - 2
Importation of fresh fruits and vegetables
from United States unrestricted - - --- - - - 3
License r-quired to import tobl-,co seed - - - - - - 4
Imortation of coconut palms prohibited - - - - - - 4
Lr.-.,ortation of sugarcane prohibited - - - - - - - 4
C D STA .?I CA
Restrictions on importation of live plants - - - - - 5
TIrpnrtation of olant and vegetable seeds not
restricted - - - - - - - - - - - - 5
Importation of coffee end sugarcane plants
prohibited- -- - - - --- - - - - - - 5
Alfalfa seed subject to inspection - - -- - - - 6
GUA.T- .ALA
Inspection certificate required for plants---- ------ 7
Certification not required of mailed flower
and vegetable seeds - - - - - - - - - 7
Uncertified plants subject to inspection and disinfection - 7
Imr..ortation prohibited - - - - - - - - - - 8
HO i 'D;TAS
l^o plant quarantine restrictions - - - - - - - 9
I T CARAGUA
Importation of used sac'-s prohibited - - - - - - 10
PA-'L''.A
pA :A' _
Ph,.,tosanitary certificate required for rubber
plants and seeds -- - - - - - - - - - 11
SALVADOCR
Inspection certificate must accompany plants and seeds - 12
Fumigation of used empty sacks required - -- -- - - -- 13
Fruit from San Francisco inspection certificate
required - - -- - - - - - - - - - 13
Cottonseed must be fumigated - -- - - - - - - 13
TImnortation of coffee plants and seeds prohibited - - - 13









-2-


SL,.T:AR OF TAiE F7A '.T -;U. RI-I.T PORT :ECTRICTIO'S
OF C7OLO3,-Y OF B.ITISH HO:DTJL3



2ASIC LGISIATIO01T

(?l.-:nt protectionn Ordinance of 1924, as ramended by tr.-t of 1928)


It shall be la-':ful for the Governor by proclr.'mrition:

(a) To prohibit absolutely, or subject to such conditions as he
.nny .,rescribe, the importation generally, or from any country or place
n:--.ec in such proclba'Avtion, of any fruit, seeds, cuttin-s, plants, or
r,ny .description of earth, or soil, or )ny articles packed therewith, or
:n;- ,.a ..*.- covering, or cthi. in which they may be packed, or any
article or thing which, in his opinion, is likely to be the means of
introducing any plant disease into the Colony;

(b) -To make any Order he may deem fit respecting the disinfect-
i-iz, transport, or storing or destruction' of any of the articles afore-
said. (Ordinance of Aug. 23, 1928, to amend the Plant Protection Ordi-
nance of 1924.)


iI.7'ORTATIO: OF BAA:.TA PT-A-TS PROHIBITED
FrO. CE'TAI" CO-UTrjE'...

'The imr.ortation is absolutely prohibited into the Colony of
British Honduras, directly or indirectly, of the plant known as the
banana plant and any other species of the genus I Jsa from the West
Indian Islands, Republics of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicarajoa, Costa
Rica, and Panama, the Continent of South America, Crrn-Try Islands, and
Test Africa, together with any articles or soil packed therewith, or
rnny -ackage, covering, or thing in which it may be packed, unless it
is i..rorted by the Department of Agriculture for experimental purposes,
or under a license issued by the Agricultural Officer-.- (Proc, h. 18,
Nay, 1934.)


I.;-?.RTATION OF CITRUS PLANTS RESTRICTED

The importation into the Colony, directly or indirectly, of citrus
plants, including plants of grapefruit, orange, lemon, lime, and tangerine,
is absolutely prohibited save and except under the following conditions:

(a) All orders shall be placed through the Department
of Agriculture and the selection of the nursery
from which any plants are obtained shall be made
by and be in the discretion of the Agricultural
Officer.








-3-


(b) Trees shall be fumigated on arrival if considered
necessary by the Agricultural Officer.

(c) Trees in each consignment shall be planted out in
one block and shall be open to inspection at any
time by officers of the Department of Agriculture.

(d) Within 3 years after planting any tree as aforesaid,
if in the .opinion of the Agricultural Officer it is
necessary to destroy any tree or to spray the same
in any particular manner due to the presence of
harmful disease believed to have been introduced
on such tree, the owner thereof shall, on being re-
quired to do so inwriting by the Agricultural Officer,
carry out at his' own expense any such instructions as
aforesaid.

(e) All materials used in the packing of any trees, as
well as any container in which the same mavy have
been conveyed, shall be destroyed by fire after the
plants have been received on the farm on which they
are to be set out.' (Proc. No. 6, Feb. 13, 1934.)



IivPORTATION OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEC-ETABLES
FROuv THE LUIITED STATES Ul.rRE3.IRICTED

The importation is prohibited into British Honduras from all
sources except Canada, the United Kin-dom and Ireland, and the United
States of America, of fruits (except greenbananas, nuts, and dried or
processed fruits); and vegetables (except Irish potatoes, onions, tanned
or processed vegetables, grains, seeds, dried beans, and seas).

Each shipment of fruits and vegetables from Canada and from the
United Kniru-dom and Ireland shall be accompanied by a certificate affirm-
ing that the products are of home origin.

Fruits (except bananas and plantains) grown in Jamaica may be
imported only when each shipment is accompanied by a certificP.te of
origin and inspection issued by the Agricultural Officer.

Plants packed or growin;- in soil (except citrus plants) may be
imported only when a certificate of introduction is granted by the
Agricultural Officer after inspection and, if necessary, fumigation.

All such plants and plant products offered for entry into the
Colony which do not comply with the above regulations shall be des-
troyed by the Government.

This Proclamation shall not apply to materials required by the
Agricultural Department. (Proc. No. 19, July 21, 1932.)








- 4' -


LIC"S'Z :.JU-i"ED TO IMPOF.T TOBACCO S-ED

From the fifth dny of August, 13,7, all ilr..prtations of tobacco
seed; are prohibited except under liren-e issued by the Ai'icultural
Officer which h:-.ll prescribe such tre'tmment of the seeds by the
De-.-rtnent of Agriculture rs the Agriculturai Officer rr-&y deemn necessary.
(Proc. 1o. 21, 1.. ,


I: .TArjIII : Cq,...UT PAL3. P5DHIBIT2KD

The importation into the Colony, dir-z-tly or indirectly, is pro-
hibited of -.ny rj.rt or portion of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera),
inclui-din plants, l,-/es, leaflets, and unhusked fruits (but not in-
cluding the h sked nut of commerce), exce-t by the r r. rtment of Agri-
culture for the purpose of experirer.etal work undertaken by that Depart-
ment. (7roc. Yuo. 25, Aug. 14, i:, .>.)


r.CTTATl"y OP SUL ;:-.'A..:" PRO- 15-- T--:D
Except under License

Thie irmrortation into the Colony, directly or indirectly, is pro-
hibited of s-? r;.n< (Saccharum officiin-rum L.), sug rcane see-iii2 ,
and plants, and all other parts of the sugarcane, and (-arth or soil, or
any articles packed therewith, except under license issued by the
Governor. (Proc. 'Iro. 39, A,. 30, 1935.)







5-


S'Ul..A7Y C:- FI.cT-qC.JA:_^E .:PO:.T CEiTRICTIONS OF
ThE REUBLIC OF COSTA RICA .



L F....:. A- IOT OF LIVE PII7TS S:U.TJECT TO
PERITT, CETI!MCATE OF CORiG-I;, AND I'SrECTIOZ

The importer in Costa Rica shall apply in a.-vance to the 1T1-tional
Agricultural Center for a permit to import live plants, or parts thereof,
roots, tubers, bulbs, rhizomes, stems, etc.

On the arrival of a shipment of plants or parts thereof, the im-
porter .ffll present to the said Center a certificate of origin and an
original invoice.

If, upon inspection, the plants are found to be in perfect sani-
tary condition, a permit :r.sy be issued to authorize their entry. .If they
are found to be carriers of *pathogenic orjnisrL.- they shall be destroyed
after notifying the owner, who shall have no rights of indemnity.

Customs and postal officials shall send to the National Agricul-
tural Center at San Pedro de Montes de Oca, all plants and rparts thereof
for inspection, provided the weight of the shipment does not exceed 50
kilograms. The said Center will be requ.Fted to send an inspector to
examine larger shipments.

The National Agricultural Center may import any class of plants
for scientific or experimental purposes. (Decree of Jan. 15, 1925, and
Decree of Nov. 8, 1929.)


IMPOR.AT. ION OF
PLANT A._D VEGETABLE SEEDS :TOT RE-TRICTED

Tnr imrportation of plant Dnd vegetable seeds intended for sowing
or for immediate consumption, as well as the seeds of ornamental and
forest plants, will not be subject to the provisions of this decree.
(Decree of iov. 8, 1929.)


I:-'?C'TATION OF COFE-EK' AND SUGARCANE PLANTS PROHIBITED

The importation of live plants or vegetative parts of ev'ery species
of the gen.-.: Coffea and of the genus Saccharum is prohibited. The impor-
tation also is prohibited of rmoty sacks or other containers v.,hich have
been rmuloyed for coffee. (Decrees of Aug. 18, 1924, and !Tov. 8, l92-.)










AL7ALFA S *D 7T'JLCT TO !:3SPZ7"IO

Alfalfa sce-is in quantities not exceeding 50 kilo-ra-s lhall be
sent 't. te Customs or r stall officials to the !T-itional A- i-cultural
Center for in-'.7-oction. If the quantity is grc.ter than 50 kilograms
the said C-.nter shall be requested to send an inspector to examine the
s.ed., to det-IiT.iLne '.h-:ther they are contwr.i.,..ted with dodder seeds
(Cx.'v.t_). (Decree of ov. 8, 1929.)


































1,1gxld5? %F








-7-


SUMI.ARY OF THE PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
OF THE RE-PUBLIC OF GUATMALA



INSPECTION CERTIFICATE
REQUIRED WITH EACH SHIPMENITT OF PLANTS

An inspection certificate issued by competent authority (State or
Federal) of the place of origin is required with each shipment of plants,
parts thereof, seeds, or fruits, and all packing materials, declaring
them to be free from diseases of a contagious character and that they
are from sources where no insects, fungi, or other parasites exist, the
introduction of which might constitute a danger to the cultures of the
country. The certificate is to be visaed by a Guatemalan Consul.

The above applies also to mail importations.

(Decrees of Aug. 29, 1919, Sept. 8, 1923, and July 1, 1930)


CERTIFICATION NOT REQUIRED OF FLOWER AND VEGETABLE SEEDS SHIPPED BY MAIL

According to an abstract published in the International Bulletin
of Plant Protection, VI:12, December, 1932, page 206, the Decree of June
4, 1932, prescribes that the phytosanitary certificate established by the
Decree of August 29, 1919, will no longer be required in the case of
flower and vegetable seeds sent in small quantities by mail.

For every other consignment, including potatoes for food or seed,
the consuls of Guatemala will require the presentation of phytosanitary
certificates before the customary permit can be issued.


Ii:SPECTION AND TREATIT.2E.T OF PLANTS UNACCOT.:PANIED BY
AlI IISPECTIO1 CERTIFICATE

Any importation of seeds or plants unaccompanied by the certifi-
cate required by the Decree of August 29, 1919, will be sent by the cus-
toms or postal officials to the Direction General of Agriculture, where
the interested persons may obtain them after inspection and, if neces-
sary, disinfection, at the expense of the interested persons. (Decree
of Jan. 15, 1920.)

Only flower and vegetable seeds imported by mail in packages not
exceeding 10 pounds are excepted from the certification requirement.
(Decree of Jan. 15, 1920.)











TIC-- PF -L-T:
Il'IP0 r.'.\TIC'" Fi}{ K HI ?T D;:


Su-,r Cc-.e :c-jts. (Decree of Jan. 153, 1920.)
Iulberr.:,- e .. (Decree of :.;-7 24, 1922.)
T'se- *ynty s.c'- to prevent the intro, -ic'tion of the coffee
bean weevil, Araecerus fasciculatus.
(Decree of Ap&r. 28, !'.::.
anafn-i rl:,rt from thle Antilles and the countries around the
;"ulf of Eoniuras. (Decree of y-jv. 6,
;>z3. )
Coffe ,p rdn, ">d r r n ..'. n':,..i .n. --l r,-C ,nri ; r.,nt3. (Decree
of Sept. 8, 1923), except that coffee seeds
r,:.- be imported through the Ministry of
A-:riculture. (Decree of Sept. 8, 1923.)







9-


SUT.i!:ARY OF PLAIT-QUARAIJTIITE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
OF T'r REPUBLIC OF HODVRAS







This Republic has no plant-quarantine import restrictions.







- 10 -


SLM.:'ARY OF THE PLAUT-QUJARA]TTI1E ILTPORT RESTRICT IS: S
OF Tr{ REPUBLIC OF !TICARATUA





II.TOPTATIOT OF USED SACT'.S PROHIBITED



The importation into Nicaragua is prohibited of used sacls,
whet'.er empty or Ps containers of any kind of merchandise. (Decree of
Sept. 25, 1925.)



This Republic has no plant-quarantine imn-ort restrictions other
than that on used sacks.




!
11l-


SUMMIARY OF THE PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIOiNS
OF THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA




PHYTOSA;ITARY CERTIFICATE REQUIRED FOR RUBBER PLANTS ALD SEEDS


A phytosanitary certificate issued by competent officials of the
country of origin is required with each shipment of rubber seeds (Hevea
spp.), shoots, and plants. The importation is prohibited of such ma-
terials infected by the South American leaf disease (Dothidella ulei
P. Henn.) or any other infection that might seriously damage the grow-
ing of rubber trees in the Republic. (Resolution No. 15, Feb. 22, 1935.)







-" 12 -


SUMMARY OF THE PLAIIT-QUARATIUIiE I'PORT FESTRICTIO3S
OF T RI .EPUJBLIC OF SALVADRDR



IMSFECTION CERTIFICATE !U3T ACCOMPANY PLANTS AND SEEDS

Decree No. 266 of October'18-19, 19`5 (Diario Oficial :To. 236,
Oct. 26, 19,$3), imposes certification requirements on plant material
offered for entry into the Republic of Salvador.

Article 1. The plant material included in the following tariff
numbers has been exermpoted from import duty and consular fees for visaing
invoices and shipping papers:

321-1-30-001 Seeds, bulbs, roots, rootstocks, bulbous
roots, and shoots, inedible.
321-1-30-002 Cottonseed for planting.

Art. 2. The following notes are inserted:

Note No. 321 (a). Plants and seeds that fall within this chap-
ter and may at the same time serve as food products for consumption, are
placed as such in section 2, title 1, chapter 2.

Note To. 321 (b). For the entry of plants and seeds that fall under
this chapter, the customs offices of the Reoublic will require of the
interested person a certificate of the corresponding agricultural phyto-
sanitary office, visaed by the Consul of Salvador. The attestation of
these documents is free.

If shipments of plants and seeds are not accompanied by the said
certificate, the Ministry of Agriculture may order the destruction of
plants and seeds which may be imported into Salvador, if in its opinion
the said plants and seeds involve danger if propagated; furthermore, the
Ministry is authorized to order the fumigation of the same at the expense
of the interested persons at any place deemed suitable, if the corres-
ponding certificate is not presented.

Art. 3. The preceding regulations become effective with plants and
seeds loaded 30 days after the approval of the present decree, as indi-
cated by the bill of lading.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09246 0830

F'-.:GAT:Q:r OF USED EMPTY SACKS REQUIRED

Usczd ermnty sacks must be fumigated at the port of embarkation
and the certificate of fumigation must be visaed by the Salvadorean
Consul in that district. If the shipment arrives without the certifi-
cate of f'uigation, the importer will be obliged to pay a surtax of
10 percent of the duty in addition to the established 10 percent for
registration and examination, as well as the cost of fumrigation at the
.,:ort of entry. (Decree of July 10, 1930.)


INSPECTION CERTIFICATE REQUIRED
WITH EACH SHTIPl,.iT OF FRUIT FR-.!M SAIl FRANCISCO

-The Salvadorean Consul at San Francisco, Calif., will require
s-l:-.crs of fruits to the Republic of Salvador to present with the docu-
rnents applying to each shipment an inspection certificate, issued by
cor,-.-c.etent authority, affirminF that the fruits shipped are in the-condi-
tion noted in the respective bill of lading. (Decree of Oct. 8, 1930.)


CCTTD:'SEZED MUST BE FUI.;IATED

Each shipment of cottonseed offered for entry into Salvador must
be accompanied by an official certificate affirming that it has been
duly fumigated.

If such a shipment is not accompanied by a fumigation certificate
its f:.--.i-ation at the port of entry may be required, at the expense of
the consignee, before being withdra-n frcm the dock. To facilitate
fumigation, cottonseed shall be entered only through the port of
La Libertad. (Decree of Jan. 23, 1924.)


I:.:POCTATIOII OF COFFEEZ STEE1S, SRUBS,
AiD SEEDS PROHIBITED

To prevent the introduction of certain diseases affecting coffee I
plantations in other countries, the importation of coffee stems, shrubs,
or seeds into Salvador has been indefinitely prohibited. (Executive \
Decree of Feb. 7, 1925.)