Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Dominion of Ceylon


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Plant quarantine import restrictions of the Dominion of Ceylon
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 30467206
oclc - 297175904
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Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25 D, C,

July 14, 1953

B, E. P. Q, 428, 2nd Revision




This revised summary of the plant quarantine import restrictions
of Ceylon has been prepared for the information of exporters of
plants and plant products and for plant quarantine officials.

The summary was prepared by R. G. Oakley of the Division of Plant
Quarantines from the Plant Protection Ordinance of 1924 and from
regulations of July 22, 1938, as amended, issued under that
Ordinaricew, as presented in the Ceylon Customs Tariff Schedule for
April 1952& It was-reviewed by the Director of Agriculture of
that country.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended to
be used independently of, nor, as substitute for, the original
texts, and itbis not to be interpreted 4s legally.authoritative.

Avery S. "Hoyt
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine


. J ^ 1. t



The Plant Protection Ordinance No. 10, June 27p, 1924, empowers the
Governor in Executive Council to make regulations for the purpose
of preventing the introduction into Ceylon and spread therein of
pests and diseases injurious to, or destructive.of, plants. It
contains the following definitions$


(a) "Plant" shall include all members of the vegetable
kingdom whether living or dead, or any part or parts
of sich, but shall not. include canned or preserved ..
fruits or vegetables;

(b) "Pest" shall include any insect or animal which shall
in any stage of its development eat, destroy, or
otherwise injure any plant; -

(c) "Disease" shall include any fungus or organism of
vegetable origin which shall injure, destroy., or be
parasitic upon any plant.

(Regulations of July 22, 1938, as 'amended July 29, 1943,
Jan. 13, 1945, Feb. 11, 1946, July 24, 1950,
and August ll, 1950)


The regulations cover plants ancdparts of plants, living or dead,
and their containers; also insects and diseases, invertebrate
animals, and soil around plants. Import permits, designating
special conditions of entry in some cases, are required for items
listed in paragraph 2 (b) and phytosanitary certificates are not
required, except as may be specified in permits issued for arti-
cles enterable only under conditions of import permits.

Importations of potatoes, onions, culinary seed, turmeric, edible
vegetables and the seed of such vegetables (except tomato seed)
and the seed of ornamental plants, are exempt from inspection and
fumigation requirements. (See par. 4 (a)).


p* .. orts of Entry

1. No person shall import any plant into Ceylon except through
the port of Colombo or the port of Talaimannar or the .airport of
Colombo (Ratmalana) or the Royal Air Force Station, Negombo.

-. Importation Prohibited

2. No person shall import or land in Ceylon-
(a) Aquatic plants (any);

Blackberry (Rubus frutiosus) plants (any);

Cape tulips (Homeria collina and H. miniata) (any);

Coconut plants (any);

Helianthus spp. (seed and plants) grown in the Western
Hemisphere; -..

Plants or seeds of any- .species from the American Tropics or
any country where the South American leaf disease of Hevea
(DothidelUa ulei) occurs;

Plants packed with soil,. or compost (other than mulch which
can be completely removed from the plant and fumigated),
except .by the Director of Agriculture;

Refuse or sweepings containing vegetable m4tterp from any
ship or aircraft arriving in Ceylon;

Rice grass (Spartina townsendii);

Sugarcane setts, except by the Director of Agriculture;-

Sweetpotato tubers or portions thereof from Africa;

Importation Restricted

(b) Aircraft importations of any plants, insects or invertebrate
animals, except under a permit in,.writing from the Director
of Agriculture ; .

..Cacao (Theobroma cacao) plants, pods or seeds (other than
cured seed) from any country, except under and in accordance
with a permit in writing from the Director of Agriculture;

Cassava (Iianihot. utilissima) living parts, except under a
permit in writing from. the Director of Agriculture)

- 3,,'.

Citrus spp. plants, except under a permit in writing from
the Director of Agriculture who shall grant such permit
only if he is satisfied that the country from which such
plant is to be imported is free from any virus disease
of the citrus plant;

Cottonseed, unginned cotton, or raw ginned cotton (Gossypium
spp.) grown in the Western Hemisphere, except through the
port of Colombo, and except under, and in accordance with
the terms and conditions of a permit in writing from the
Director of Agriculture;
Hevea spp. seed or plants from any country, except under and
in accordance with the terms and conditions of a permit in
writing from the Director of Agriculture;

Living specimens of any insect or invertebrate animal not
already knoun to exist in Ceylon, except under a permit in
writing previously obtained from the Director of Agriculture;
Tomato seed, except from India.

NOTE: Although no permits are granted for the importation of tomato
seed from any country other than India at present, the Director of
Agriculture may request the mitigation of forfeiture of seed com-
plying with the following: "The consignment should accompany a
certificate from the Plant Pathologist or a competent authority of
the U. S. Department of Agriculture to the effect that the seed
was collected from areas where Corynebacterium ichiganense does
not occur and also that the seed was disinfected with 1:3000
mercuric chloride.

By letter dated October 14, 1952, to an importer, the Director of
Agriculture stated that "tomato seeds treated With tSamesant were
acceptable for import purposes" inp lieu of treatment by mercuric

Fresh-Fruit import License Required

3. (1) No person shall import any fresh fruit into Ceylon without
a license issued by the Director of Agriculture or by an officer
of the Department of Agriculture authorized in that behalf by the
Director, or otherwise than in accordance with the terms and con-
ditions of such license.

(2) No license shall be issued for the import of fresh fruit
from any country in which the L.editerranean fruit fly (Ceratitis
capitata) or any other pest of fruits which has not become estab-
lished in Ceylon is known or suspected to exist unless the Director
of Agriculture is satisfied that either before export from such
country or during transit to Ceylon the fruit is so treated as to
ensure that such pest, in all its stages, is effectively destroyed.

(3) Every license issued under this regulation shall-

(a) specify the country from which the .fresh fruit
may be imported;
(b) be valid for the period specified in'the license;
(c) be .subject to the conditions that it may be with-
drawn by the Director of Agriculture at any
time prior to the expiration of that period by
written notice addressed to the holder of the
(d) be subject to such other special conditions as
may be set cut in such license by, or by the
authority of, theDirector of Agriculture; and
(e) be in the prescribed form. ,

-(4) No person shall land any -fresh fruit at the port of Coloubo
or at the port of Talaimannar or at the airport of Colombo
(Ratmalana) or at the Royal Air Force Station, Negombo, unless he
has satisfied the Collector of Customs at that port or airport,
as the case may be, that such fruit was grown in and consigned
from the country specified in the license issued for the importa-
tion of such fruit under (a) of this paragraph.

Inspection, Fumigation, and Disinfection

4. (1) All living imported plants together with the packing cases,
pots, or coverings in which such plants may be packed shall be con-
veyed by the Customs authorities to the Inspector-in-Charge of the
Colombo Fumigatorium for examination. provided that this paragraph
shall not apply to potatoes, onions, turmeric, culinary seed, edible
vegetables, and the seed of such vegetables and the seed of any or-
namental plant.

(2) Every imported plant, which on inspection is found or sus-
pected to be infected with any pest or disease, shall be subjected
to fumigation or disinfection, or both, in such manner and to such
extent as may be deemed necessary by the Inspector, which shall be
carried out at the Colombo Fumigatorium.

Imported Plants Miay be Quarantined

(3) The Director of Agriculture may order that any plant which
has been inspected be grown at the risk of the consignee for a
period of quarantine in special nurseries provided or approved by
the Director of Agriculture for that purpose.

(4) After examination and any necessary treatment, the articles
shall be delivered to the consignee together with a certificate
showing that they have been dealt with as required. No person
shall remove any article from the Fumigatorium until he has ob-
tained such certificate.

5 1111111 tII I 111ht IIH I i 111nliiliitl I WI
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Destruction of Infected Plants '
5. Any imported plant which in the opinion of the Inspector can-
not becleaned by fumigation or other-treatment and which is not
necessary for further observation shall, together with the'packings,
cases, pots, or covering in which it may be packed, be destroyed
at the expense of the consignee.

Importation of Plants by :ail

6, i^here any plants are sent to Ceylon through the kost Office
from a place beyond Ceylon the plants shall be conveyed to the
Fumigatorium under the supervision of the Postal Authorities at
the expense of the consignee or his agent and shall be examined
by the Inspector and dealt with as prescribed in paragraphs 3 and