UNITED STATES DEPART ,T OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.
B. E. P. Q. 427, Revised October 28, 1953
PLANT QUARANTINE iE IMPORT FESTRICTIONS
HUNGARIAN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
This summary of the plant quarantine import restrictions of the
Hungarian peoplei s Republic has been prepared for the information of nurserymen, plant quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation of plants and plant products to that country.
It was prepared by R. G. Oakley, Supervisor of Export Certification of the Division of Plant Quarantines, from translations supplied by the Legation of the Hungarian People's Republic in Washington, D. C. of the applicable law and orders concerned, and reviewed by the Hungarian 1.inistry of Agriculture.
The information contained in this circular is believed to be correct up to the time of preparation but it is not intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts, and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative. The decrees themselves should be consulted for the exact texts.
Acting Chief.Bureau of Entomolvgy and Plant Quarantine
PLANT QUARANTINE IIAORT RESTRICTIONS
HUNGARIAN PEOPLE' S REPUBLIC
Order No. 103/1951/29th of April/ 1i. T. of the Council of Linisters of the Hungarian People's Republic regulating the Plant Quarantine Service. (Administrative Ordinal No. 8. 350).
The above order establishes a list of noxious diseases and pests (see par. 1), and prohibits importations infested by them, empowers the ikinister of Agriculture to establish quarantined areas and, by joint agreement of the iMinisters concerned, to execute this order and to prohibit or limit the importation or transit-traffic of any plant suitable to import a noxious disease from a foreign country for duration of the danger period. It also authorizes the minister to appoint inspection officials who are authorized to enter any territory/farm, premise, storehouse, etc., to effect examinations
or to draw samples.
Order No. 18.055 /1951 / of the 3rd June / F. >. of the kiinister of Agriculture concerning execution of the Plant Quarantine Service (Administrative Ordinal No. 8.350) and in conformity with the HomeOffice, the ;inistry of Finance, Board of Foreign Trade, Board of Home Trade, ministry of Communication and Post, and biinistry of Food, together with its Annex of the same date, provides that the task of the Foreign Section of the Plant Quarantine Service is to prevent export or import of noxious diseases and'pests, that control and technical examinations will be effected by inspecting officials, and that laboratory examinations will be conducted by the Quarantine Service Laboratory of the Institute for Agricultural Quality Tests in Budapest. Other conditions it orders are summarized in the following as they apply to importations from the United States.
The regulations cover plants and parts thereof, including bulbs, tubers, fruits, scions, grafts, cut flowers, seeds, leaves, raw cotton, etc., and consignments originating from plants for consumption, fodder, industrial purposes, etc. Sanitary certificates are required for all importations except consignments in ground or milled condition and packages of seeds (5 kg. or less) for official experimental purposes. Import permits are required only
for seed potatoes and plants in soil.
NOIUIOUS DIt a-7 ASES AND PESTS (Annex to *Order No. lc3/1951 / Al.-Til 29 / E*Ta)
le Products infested with any of the following are prohibited:
Acanthoscelides obtectus ($ay)y bean weevil
Anthonomu*s grandis Boh., boll weevil
Aspidiotua pernicious Comst.y San Jose scale
CaLliptamus italics 1j, y Italian locust
Ceratitis capitata (Iv iedo)7 li.-lediterranean fruit fly
Dociostaurus maroccanus Thnb.y -'oroccan locust
Epitrix I cucumbers (Harre), potato flea beetle
Gnorimoschema opercullella (Zel-16) I potato tuberworm
.Hyphantria cunea (Drury)y fall web worm
decemltneata (Say)7 Colorado potato beetle
Pectinophora gos*ypiel I a (Saund.) y pink boilrorm
Phylloxera. viticola, (=?P. vitif'Oliae Fitch)y grapevine louse
Rhagole-tis pomonella (Walsh) apple maggot
Agrobac.terium (=Pseudomona'a) tumefaciens. (Sm. & Towns*) Connty
Colletotrichum lini (Westerdijk) Toch.y flax anthracnose
.10ourt noue" disease of grapevine
Heteroderarostochiensis (Wro)y golden nematode I.-ycosphaerella 11-norum (Wr.) Garcia Raday pasmo
Spongospora. subterranean (-i.'allr,) T. Jchnson powdery scab
Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc,,y potato wart
,.Virus diseases of stone fruit trees (peach yellovisy little
peachy mosaic diseases of plum and apricots)
Cenchrus tribuloidesq dune sandbur
Cus cuta spp g dodder
Helminthia (=P*cris) echioides, Bristly ox tongue
Orobanche cumanal sunflower broomrape
G GE1CHRAL REGULATIONS
(Linisterial Order Nos'. 18-055 and 18.056 of June 3y 1951)
Authorized Stations of Entry
2* The following are designated as places of inspection for phyto0An4+n-",T +n0+M4 PvIAMT', ,ncl+ nYNA 0+n+4^Vn0 ^f*
Sanitary Certificate Required
3. Consignments originating from plants, i.e. seeds (shelled or not, including those up to 5 kgs, designed for experimental pur-' poses for agricultural or forestry scientific institutions and
experimental farms), seedlinL s, bulbs, tubers, scions, stem and J!
root cuttings, cut flowers, rooted flowering plants, stems, leaves, fruits, raw cotton, or any other kind of shipment originating from plants for consumption, fodder or industrial purposes, may be transported in import or transit traffic only if accompanied by a certificate of the country df delivery, certifying the origin and freedom from diseases and pests. Consignments intended for import or transit will be refused in any case at the,Border unless accompanied by the certificate.
No sanitary certification is required to accompany consignments in ground or milled condition or wood intended for fuel or industrial manufacturing.
The certificate of origin and health must contain names and addresses of the consignee and consignor, contents of the consignment,
place of origin, weight, number and kind of the parcel goods (including number of plants), means and kind of transport, date of inspection and issuance of the certificate, and results of the inspection. It must be written in the language of the state of origin, as well as in Russian and German or French language, and the scientific name of the noxious insect present, as determined by the inspector, also indicated.
Inspection on Arrival
4. The consignments to be imported cannot enter without first being examined by the Plant Protective Service, even in the event the country of origin has supplied the regular certificate of origin, to determine if they are free from noxious diseases and pests named in paragraph 1. Representative samples will be taken of cargoes imported and laboratory tests effected when the action is appropriate.
Sealed commercial samples' or shipments rd parcel post -in transit, if undama-ed, adequately sealed with a customs or plant sanitary metal seal, and accompanied by the required certificate of health
and origin are not subject to inspection
Disposition of Importations
5. Consignments found to be infested by a noxious disease or pest will be refused entry and the consignor so informed. If not reshipped by the consignor within 8 days, the inister of Agriculture will decide, on the basis of the proposal by the Plant Protective Service, as to the use or destruction of the consignment in question.
L PORATIO0i ROHI IT D
6. It is Urohibited to import:
(a) Soil, stable manure, and compost.
(b) Roots, stems, and leaves of the potato, tomato and
eggplant (Solanum melongena).
(c) Plants with balls of earth or parts of plants (except
occasional shipments under special permit of the A.inistry of A criculture, subject to special restriction prescribed
Sfor the special occasions).
(d) Living plants, parts of plants, and products of plants if
the following applies:
(1) Consignments without a leaden seal or substituting
seal and without a certificate of origin and health
(the lack of a seal is permitted in the case of
(2) Adhering clods of earth where noxious insects may
conceal themselves; and
(3) Shipments failing to meet the Plant sanitary requirements.
(U .,07 (. (..HOU ~.T H CR ROOTS)
7. Bouquets and wreaths, including field and mountain wildflowers without roots and earth, can be imported only with a certificate attesting to freedom of the consignments from noxious diseases and pests; Provided that this order does not refer to cut flowers, not exceeding the quantity taken with a person while in a travel status,
For the import of rooted flowering plants the same regulations as for inspection of seedlings, shrubs, other living plants, and parts of plants, are applicable.
COTTONSEED AND ?A COTTON
8. It must be ascertained that consignments are free from the pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella.) and that the territory of production is also free from infestation. The importation of cottonseed from an infested country is prohibited.
Shipments must also be free of the boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis); likewise from bacteriosis (santhomonas malvacearum), provided that a maximum infection of 2 percent is allowed (in the case of bacteriosis) Infected seed must be treated before it is sown. Samples of cottonseed must be taken from every consignment for laboratory tests.
BULBS AND ORNAMENTALS
9. Freedom from infection by yellow rot of hyacinths (Pseudomonas
hyacinthi) is required. Samples for laboratory tests will be drawn from importations in case presence of the disease is suspected.
10. Consignments of flax shall be free of flax anthracnose (Colletotrichum lini), pasmo (i.ycosphaerella linorum), and any species of dodder (Cuscuta spp.). Samples from every flax consignment will be drawn for laboratory tests which. may require up to three weeks.
FR-SH FRUIT (FO'ACEOU6 AND STONE)
11. Consignments of fresh fruit must be free of infestation by the
apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella), the fall webwvorm (Hyphantria cunea), and San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus), and also free of infection by virus diseases of stone fruit trees, such as peach
yellowvis, little peach, and mosaic disease of plurms and apricots. The inspecting official at the frontier station has to effect control of the apple maggot and San Jose scale.
FRUIT TR -ES
12. Consignments of fruit tree seedlings must also be free of the San Jose scale and fall webworm, as well as from infection by crown gass (Pseudomonas tumefaciens). In addition the consignor must certify that a consignment has been disinfected with Hydrocyanic acid gas and, in the case of stone fruit trees, the country of origin must furnish a certificate to the effect that the seedlings originated in
a virus free nursery.
GRAPE CUTTINGS (ShLOTH AiD ROOTED)
13. Shipments of smooth and rooted cuttings must be free of infestation by the grape rootlouse (Phylloxera viticola) and the "Court noue" disease of vine. Also the consignor must certif.! to the disinfection of the consignment with Hydrocyanic acid gas.
LELOjS, ORANGES, AND SEEDLINGS
14. Seedlings of oranges and lemons must be free of various scale
insects (Lepidosaphes, Chrysomphalus), but a maximum infestation of 5 percent is permitted in the case of fruits.. Shipments (fruits or plants) must also be free of the bediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and citrus canker (Xanthomonas citri).
... ONIONS (INCLUDING SEED)
15. Freedom of consignments from onion smut (Urocystis (+Tuburcinia) cepulae) must be ascertained at the frontier station of entry.
16. The importation of potatoes from countries infested by the
potato flea beetle (Epitrix cucumeris) is prohibited. (NOE: This is equivalent to the exclusion of the U. S. potatoes). Other'requirements are as follows
(a) Importations must be free of the potato nematode
~ (Heterodera rostochiensis), powdery scab (Spongospora
S subterranea), and Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa
decemlineata) and be certified that the place of origin
and its vicinity within a radius of 20 kilometers is
free from any infestation thereof.
(b) Importations must be free of the potato tuberworm
(Gnorimoschema operculella) and be certified that the
place of production is free from the insect.
(c) Importations. must be free of potato wart (Synchytrium
endobioticum) and certified that the place of origin and
its vicinity within a radius of 10 kilometers is free
from the wart disease and that the disease has not occurred there for a period of 5 years.
Seed potatoes from countries infested by either the Colorado potato beetle or potato wart can only be imported by a special permit from the iMinistry of Agriculture. Also, seed potatoes against which there are no particular restrictions of plant protection to observe, must be provided with a certificate of health corresponding to standard limits prescribed for first grade and elite potatoes.
Forage Crop Seeds
17. Importations of seeds of alfalfa, clover (Trifolium spp.), summer savory (Satureja hortensis), and timothy grass (Phleum pratense) must be free from any species of dodder (Cuscuta spp.). Clover seed must also be free of Bristly oxtongue (Helinthia (=Picris) echioides). Certificates of the Seed Laboratory of the country of origin are acceptable, yet the inspecting official at the frontier station of entry shall draw samples for laboratory tests.
Legumes (Seeds and Green Plants)
18. Freedom of seeds and green plants of legumes from halo blight (Pseudomonas medicaginis var. phaseolicola), common bean blight
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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3 1262 09242 2392
(Xanthomons phaseoli), and bacterial wilt (Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens) is required, except that a maximum of 3 percent infection .Is permitted.
Freedom of shipments from the bean weevil (Acanthoselides obtectus) is also required, as is a certificate of disinfection by gas. For the pea weevil (Bruchus pisorum) and weevils of other legumes a maximum of 3 percent infestation of living weevils is allowed. Disinfection is obligatory in case the presence of living weevils is established.
19. Freedom of sunflower seed from sunflower broomrape (Orobanche cumana) is required, as is also a certificate that the growing place in general is free from infection. Samples for laboratory tests must be drawn by the inspecting official.
SHIK LEN: IN TRANSIT
20. All kinds of consignments of plants, parts of plants or products of plants except postal packages, are permitted to pass the country only if the consignment is provided with a certificate of origin and health of the State of delivery, certifying at the same time, that the consignment is free of noxious diseases and pests in accordance with paragraph 3. In addition the consignment must be provided with a customs seal and witha Plant sanitary leaden seal