Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Kingdom of Bulgaria

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Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Kingdom of Bulgaria
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Book
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Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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aleph - 30434814
oclc - 786176051
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UNITED STATES DEPA.RTI.z-i:T OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Tntomoloy and Plant Quarantine
V'asnington, D. C.


3. E. P. Q--421


November 30, 1936


PLAI-T-QUAIRANT rT I'T:PORT RESTRICTIONS

OF T:-


.IITGDOM OF BULD'RIA
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013











http://archive.org/details/buolgariak36unit














UNITED STAT-U DEPARTFI Z',T OF AGR CULTURE
Bureau of rntomnoloy and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.



B. E. P. Q.--421 November 30, 1936.



PLA-'T-'JUARANTT:E I-,PORT RESTRICTIONS

OF THE

i:I.^DDM OF BULGARIA


This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions
of the Kingdom of Bulgaria has been prepared for the information
of nurserymen, plant quarantine officials, and others interested
in the exportation of -olants and plant products to that country.

It ,;as prepared by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Quarantine Inspector,
in Charge of Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant
Quarantines, from his translations of the ierman texts of the Bul-
garian Plant Protection Law of A)ril 26, 1930, and the decree of
the Ministry of Agriculture and Public Domains of September 29,
1932, and it has been reviewed by that Ministry.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time ot' preparation, but it is not
intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for,
the original texts, and it is not to be interpreted as legally
authoritative.


Plant Quarantine.


Chief,


f Entomoloj


















PLAIT-QUAPANITINE IMPORT RESTRICTION. 10-

OF THE

}:I-T DOM OF BU-AR IA



CONTENTS

Pa.:;',-

Bas,.c legislation - - - - - - - - - - 2

Summary - - - - - - - - - - - - 2

Importation prohibited - - - - - - --- .2

Im-oortation restricted - - - - - - - 3

Transit unrestricted - - - - - - - .5

Importation and transit of plants - - - - - - 3

Purpose of the decree - - - - - - - 3

All plants subject to control - - - - - 3

Phytosanitary certificate required - - - - 4-

Shipments must be free from earth, straw, or hay -- 4

Transit of plants unrestricted - - - - - 4

Importation of damaged fruits and vegetables prohibited 5

Restrictions on imnoortation of seeds - - - - - 5

Basis of the decree - - - - - - - - 5

Importation of inferior seeds prohibited----- 5

Entry of small quantities of seeds unrestricted - 6

Special restrictions on certain seeds - - - 6

Importation of infected seeds prohibited - - -6


















PLAiT-QUA_--i:T r,; IMPOP.T RESTRICTIONS

OF TmE

:I[.^D0I,, OF 3ULcAiIA


BASIC LEGI&S.'TION

The Plant Protection La-.v of Aoril 26, 1950 (Derzhaven Vestnilc
1o. 29, Hay 9, 1930).

This law provides for the protection of cultivated an6 use-
ful plants from diseases and pests, organization and di-rection of com-
bat against plant diseases and pests, and authorizes the ministryy
of A-riculture and Public Domains to nromulJete decrees to prevent
the introduction and distribution of niant diseases and cests by
,.rohi'oting or restriction; the imroortation nrid distribution of plants
and plTa nt products.



ST- AZ



Imnortation Prohibited

PLAIITS '2 PIP\TT P20DUCTS, including seeds, fruits, and vegetables
infected or infested with injurious plant diseases or insect
pests which are not a:"M to treatment. (Decree of
Sept. 29, 1952, art. 7 (c).)

RUITS AD VGABLES and products thereof, which are spoiled, dirty,
wormy, or damaged by insects or other animals, or which have
underg;one undesirable changes ')r contain metallic cornrunds
injurious to health. (Dccroe of Jan. 21, 1931, p. 5 .)

SEEDS OP .\L-'LFA, CLOY.E, T:I! OTHY, BI'Z'.D3-DOT TRZFIL, AAD ViX: Imo.-.r-
tatio.m prohi-'itAed if contoaminatcd with dodder .ecds. (Decree
1To. 2, published Tb. 14, 1956, art. 21, se- p. 6 .)

SAIYTOIi4 SESDS that contain rorc thEn 50 se-ds of small burnt ",r
>ilogrnam: Import-tion prohibited. (Decree !-o. 2 published
Feb. 14, 19 L6, art. 21, p. 6 .)

IFECT.D SEEDS AI LIXD -IRASS SEEDS: ITmportation prohibited. (Decree
Io. 2, published Feb. 14, 1956, arts. 21 :.nd 22, o. 6.)











Importation Restricted


LIVIT" PLANTS OF ALL KINDS, and parts thereof, including scions,
cuttings, buds, roots, bulbs, seeds, fruits, vegetables,
etc: Each shipment must be accompanied by a phytosanitary
certificate, issued by phytopathological and entomological
authorities of the country of origin, affirming freedom from
injurious pests and diseases. (Decree of Sept. 29, 1932,
art. 4. p. 4.)



Transit Unrestricted

PLA6:TS: A'TD PLANT PRODUCTS in tightly packed containers in sealed cars
may be transported through Bulgaria without restriction.
(Decree of Sept. 29, 1932, art. 11, p. 4.)



IMPORTATION A;D TrAPIT OF

LIVING PLAT AND PARTS OF PLANTS

(Decree of Sept. 29, 1932; Derzhaven Vestnik No. 168, Oct. 5, 1932)

Purpose of the Decree

Article 1. This decree was promulgated on the basis of articles
2 and 32 of the Plant Protection Law of April 26, 1930, and its
purpose is to regulate the sanitary control of the importation, transit,
and exportation of all living plants, such as trees, shrubs, roses,
scions, stocks, buds, decorative and wild and cultivated plants,
perennial roots, bulbs, seeds, fruits, vegetables, etc.

Art. 2. Relates to the Bulgarian plant protection service.
0

All Plants and Parts Thereof Subject to Control

Art. 3. A phytosanitary control applies to all living plants
and parts of plants imported into or in transit through Bulgaria.












- 4 -


Phytosanitary Certificate Required

Art. 4. Each shipment from abroad must be accompanied by
a phytosanitary certificate issued by official phytopathological
and entomological authorities of the country of origin. The cer-
tificate must affirm that the shipment carries no infectious dis-
eases or injurious insect pests. If the shipment proceeds directly
from North or South America, Australia, China, Japan, or Havaii,
it must be expressly affirmed in the certificate that the shipment
is free from the following parasites: Potato wart (Synchytrium
endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.), powdery scab (Spongospora subterranean
('alk.) Lang), potato tuber worm (Phthorimaea) Gnorimoschema onerculella
Zell.), Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), dry rnt
of corn (Diplodia zeae (ScV'..) Lev.), fire blight of apple and pear
(Bacillus amylovorus (Burr.) DeToni), chestnut blight (Endothia para-
sitica (Murr.) And. and And.), black knot (Plowrightia morbosa (Schw.
Sacc.), white peach scale (Diasois) Aulacaspis oentagona Tarj.),
San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.), pink bollworm(Platyedra)
Pectino-ohora gossypiella Saund.), boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis Boh.),
and the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newm.).

Arts. 5, 6, 7, and 8 relate to entry procedure.


Shipments Fust Be Free from Earth, Straw, or Hay

Art. 9. Imported shipments must be quite free from earth,
straw, and hay which are in a condition to convey diseases and insect
pests.

Art. 10. The inspection of imported shipments is made without
charge, but the expenses incidental to inspection are charged to the
importer.


Transit of Plants Unrestricted

Art. 11. The transit of livi ; plants, parts thereof, etc.,
mentioned in article 1, through Bulgaria is unrestricted. However, ship-
ments must be tightly packed, the cars sealed, and the containers so
isolated that an introduction of diseases and pests into the country
is precluded; in the lack of these precautions the shipment will be
inspected at the proposal of the customs officials.










- 5-


I,.:DRTATION OF DAI:AGED TnT AND VPETBLS3 PROHIBITED

(Decree NJo. 8 of Jan. 21, 1931; Derzhaven Vestnik No. 269 of Var.
5, 1931)


Article 23. The importation, production, and holding for
sale are prohibited of fruits and vegetables, and products thereof,
that are spoiled, wormy, dirty, gnawed by insects or other animals,
those \vhich have undergone any other change, and those which do not pos-
sess their characteristic taste or odor, or which contain metallic com-
pounds injurious to health.

The importation, storage, and sale of sprouted potatoes also
is Prohibited.



F.7TRICTIONS ON THE I1:PORTATION OF SEEDS

(Decree No. 2 published in Derxhaven Vestnik No. 34, Feb. 14, 19C6)


Basis of the Decree

Article 1. This decree on the supervision of the quality of seeds
for propagation, imported and introduced into the interior, was promul-
-ated on the basis of article 229 of the law on the improvement of agri-
cultural production and the maintenance of agricultural property, and
of article 1 of the decree-law on the Agricultural Sampli.--: and Control
Ins titute.


Importation of Inferior Seeds Prohibited

Art. 2. The importation and the sale of agricultural seeds of poo
quality is prohibited (Articl 5 of the law on the improvement of agri-
cultural production, etc.).

Arts. 3 to 12 relate to domestic procedure.

Art. 13. Procedure if imported shipments of seeds are not accom-
p;nied by a seed-control certificate issued in the country of export.









- 6 -


Art. 14. If analysis of imported seeds establishes that they
are not of good quality, the holder is required to reexport them within
ten days.

If exportation is not effected within that time the seed will
be rendered useless for sowing, or destroyed.

Arts. 15 to 19. Administrative procedure.

Tntry of Small Quantities of Seeds Unrestricted

Art. 20. Flower, vegetable, forest, and agricultural seeds in
small quantities, and vegetable and flower seeds up to 100 gins of
each species, in packets not exceeding 10 gms, and other seeds up to
500 gms of each species, imported from abroad, are free from control.
Such seeds must net be contained in sealed and t: -.ed receptacles and
need not be accom-anied by certificates of origir, purity, and health.
The quality of such seeds, however, may be subject to test.


Special ReStrictions on Certain Seeds

Art. 21. The importation and entry into traffic is prohibited
of:

1. Seeds of alfalfa (Medicagc sativa L.), clover (Trifolium
spp.), timothy (Phleum pratense L.), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus
corniculatus L.), and flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) mixed with
dodder seed (Cuscuta spp.).

2. Sainfoin seed (Onobrychis viciaefolia Scop.) that contains
more than 5) seeds of small burne,t (Sanguisorba minor Scop.) per kilo-
gr.-'. The importation sowing and introduction into traffic of common
hemp (Cannabis (indica) sativa L.) is likewise -rohibited.

Art. 22. The importation of mixed grass seeds is prohibited.


Importation of Infected Seeds Prohibited

Art. 23. The importation and introduction into traffic of seeds
attacked by plant diseases and pests designated by the Minister of Agri-
culture and Public Domains is prohibited.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09242 1923 III II
3 1262 09242 1923