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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.
B. E. P. Q. 404, 2d Revision January 4, 1952
PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
This revision of the plant quarantine import restrictions
of India has been prepared for the information of nurserymen,
plant quarantine officials, and others interested in the expor-
tation of plants and plant products to that country.
The circular was prepared by Richard Faxon, Division of
Plant Quarantines, from the "Rules for Regulating the Import of
Plants, etc., into British India," Notification No. F.320/35-A,
July 20, 1936, corrected up to June 27, 1951, furnished by the
American Embassy, New Delhi, India, in Despatch 765, dated
October 3, 1951, and from other valid notifications.
The information contained in this circular is believed to
be correct and complete up to the time of its preparation, but
it is not intended to be used independently of, nor as a sub-
stitute for the original, and it is not to be interpreted as
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plny Quarantine
Digitized by the Internet Archive
PLANT-QUARARTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS
The Destructive Insects and Pests Act, approved February 3, 1914, as
The Act empowers the Governor-General-in-Counoil, by notification of
the Gazette of India, to prohibit or regulate the importation into British
India of any article or class of articles likely to cause infection of any
The Act also empowers the local government, subject to the control of
the Governor-General-in-Council, to make rules for the detention, inspec-
tion, disinfection, or destruction of such article or class of articles
and to impose penalties for infractions of the said rules.
RULES FOR REGUIATIED THE IMPORT OF PLANTS, ETC[,,
INTO BRITISH INDIA
Notification No. F. 320/35-A,, dated July 20, 1936
(corrected up to June 27, 1951)
1. In this order:
(i) "Official certificate" means a certificate granted by the proper
officer or authority in the country of origin (exports of plants and plant
products from the United States to India must be certified by the U. S.
Department of Agriculture);
(ii) "Plant" means a living plant or part thereof, but does not in-
(Iii) "Prescribed port" means any of the following ports: Bombay,
Calcutta, Cochin, Dbanushkodi, Madras, Negapatam, Port Blair, and Tuticorin;
(iv) All provisions referring to plants or seeds shall apply also to all
packing material used in packing or wrapping such plants or seeds.
MAIL AND PARCEL POST
2. No plant shall be imported into India by means of the letter or
sample post; provided that sugarcane for planting intended to be grown
under the personal supervision of the Government Sugarcane Expert,
Coimbatore, may be imported by him by such post.
IMPORTATION BY AIR
3. Nu plant shall be imported into India by air; provided that plants
which are Infested with living insects and are intended for the introduc-
tion of such living insects may be so imported if they are accompanied by a
special certificate from the Head of Division of Entowology.. Indian
Agricultural Research Institute, that such plants are imported for the pur-
pose of introducing such insects.
PRESS NOTES --RT.JES REGARDING PLANT IMP CRTS
(Despatch 98, il/2/51, Amembassy, New Delhi)
Under the existing rules the import of the following seeds by air is
(i) The import of Hevea rubber seeds is prohibited from America and
West Indies except by the Director cf Agriculture, Madras.
(ii) The import'of seeds of flax, bersee', ,otton, and Mexican Jumping
beans is prohibited.
(iii) The imrport of coffee seeds and coffee beans is prohibited except
by the Director of research Indian Coffee Board, Bangelore. "This prohibi-
tion does not apply to (a) roasted and ground coffee, or (b) to a consign-
ment of unroated or unground coffee beans or seeds produced in India or
in Burma and covered by a certificate cf origin in the specified form nd
signed by a competent authority.
(iv) The Import of sunflower seeds from Peru and Argentina is prohibited.
The transit of plants through India by air, or their transshipment, is,
however, permitted provided they are accompanied by an official certificate
and ore packed in such contair.ers as will not permit insects reaching or
leaving the plant material and as are not opened in any part of India.
4. No plants other than fruits and vegetables intended for constmp-
tion, wo ihetat;r uo
tion, potatoes, sugbrcane, and urmanufactured tobacco, either raw or cured,
shall be imported into India by nea except after fumigation with hydro-
cyanic acid gas an. at a prescribed port: Provided; that plants which are
infested with.living parasitized insects and are int-ende, for the introduc-
tion of such parasites may be imported without such furmilation if the: are
accompanied by a special certificate from the Head of Division of Entomology,
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, that such plants are imported for
the purpose of introducing such parasites.
5. (1) No plants, other than unman'ufactured tobacco imported from
Burma, fruits and vegetables intended for consumpticn, and potatoes, shall
be imported into India by sea from the United States unless accompanied by
an official certificate, issued by the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
that they are free from injurious insects and diseases.
(2) The certificate shall be in the form prescribed in the Third
Schedule, or in a form as near thereto as may be, and supplying all infor-
mation called for in that form, which follows:
This is to certify that the plant (s), living plant (s), or plant
a representative sample of the plant (s)
products (Strike out the words not applicable)
living plant (a), or plant products
included in the consignment, of which particulars are given below were/was
thoroughly examined on the (date). . . . by (name) . . . .
a duly authorized official of the' . . . . . and found to be
healthy, no evidence of the presence of any injurious insect, pest, or
disease (destructive to agricultural or horticultural crops or to trees or
bushes) having been found in/on them, and that the consignment (including
the packing) covered by this certificate has/has not been treated in the
following manner (e.g., fumigated with . . . or disinfected with
immediately subsequent to inspection.
Inspected in the field by a duly authorized inspector on . . .
Signature . . . . .
Date .aOfficial Status
No. and description of packages . .. . .
Distinguishing marks . . . . . . .
Description of plants or plant products or parts thereof . . . .
Started to be grown at . . . . . a * *
Exported by . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Name and address of consignee.......................
Name of vessel or particulars of route . .
Date of shipment . . . . . . .. . . * .
Port or place of entry . . . . . . . * *
Additional Certificate (s) attached.. . . .
(Give here details of any special certificates issued in respect to
imports specifically scheduled.)
POTATOES BY SEA
6, Potatoes shall not be Imported into India by sea except from
Darta, unless they are accompanied by:
(a) A certifIcate from the consignor stating fully in what country
and. in what district of such country the potatoes were 6rown, -and
( b An official certificate stat ig:
(i' That no case of warty disease Svhytrflr endobiotioin) of pota-
toes or the existence of the pests, golden nematode (Hetez'od6ra
rostochiensis) and Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarse-a- oemlineata) in
aiy stage of development has occurred at any time during 12 months preced-
ing the date of the certificate within 5 miles of the place where the paota-
toes included in the Oonsignment were grown;
(ii) That the crop from whioh the potatoes were derived was officially
inspected in the fleld and that the degree of freedom from vir-s diseases,
was suffioiently high to ensure the suItabililty of the progenyr for seed
purposes arind that the sald crop was not grown in the vicinity of any un-
healthy potato orop; and .
(ill) That a representative sample of. potatoes Inoluded. In the consign-
ment was thoroughly examined and found to be healthy and there was no
evidence I.in it of the presencee of any insect pest or fungus destructive to
agricultural and horticultural crops;p
Provided, that potatoes may be imported. from Italy if they are acoomp-
anied ty a certificate of freedom frcm disease granted by a Royal
Phytopathological InstitUte in Italy;
Provided also, that potatoes may bo imported under a certificate from
the Head of Division of Botany, Indian Agricultural Research Institute,
New Delhi, or the Plant Protection Adviser to the Government of India, or
the Director, Central Potato Researoh"Itatitute,
7, Rubber plants shall not be imported into India by sea unless, in
addition to the general certificate required under t-ie 5, they are accomp-
anledl by an official certificate that the estate from whloh the plants baie
origInated or the individual plants are-free from Fomes lignoeus
Spbaerostilbe repors, Dothldella ulei (= Melaopsa ps lel
Fusicladiun nmaorosporim, and. Oidiui. heveae.
SA. No lemon plants, I.me plants, orange plants, grapefruit plants,
or other citrus plants, and no cuttings of such plants shall be imported
into India unless, in addition to the general certificate required under
Rule 5, they are accompanied by an official certificate that they are free
from the Mai Seoo caused by Deuterophca. tracheihila, or that the disease
does not exist in the cou;nLry in which they were grown,
8B. Unmanufactured tobacco, either raw or cured, shall not be im-
ported into India by sea except from Burma or the Kalat State, unless, in
addition to the general certificate required under Rule 5, it is accomp-
anied by an official certificate that it is free from Ephestia elutella
or that the pest does not exist in the country of origin. (See also
PQM No., 540).
Provided, that in the case of tobacco unaccompanied by such certifi-
cates, the consignment shall be examined on importation by such officer as
the Central Government may appoint, on payment of such fee, if any, to
meet the cost of such examination as it may direct.
9. (1) The importation of sugarcane into India by sea from the Fiji
Islands, New Guinea, Australia, or the Philippine Islands is prohibited
(2) The importation of sugarcane into India by sea from any other
country is prohibited unless, in addition to the general certificate re-
quired under Rule 5, it is accompanied by an official certificate that it
has been examined and found free from cane borers, scale insects, white-
flies, root disease (any form), pineapple disease, Ceratostomella aradoxa
(Thielaviopsis parad.oxa), sereh, and cane gunosis, that it was obtained
from a crop which was free from mosaic disease, and that the Fiji disease
of sugarcane does not occur in the country of export:
Provided., that in the case of canes for planting imported direct by
the Government Sugarcane Expert, Coimbatore, and intended to be grown
under his personal supervision, such certificates shall be required only
in respect to the freedom of the country of export from the Fiji disease
10. (a) Hevea rubber plants and hevea rubber seeds shall not be im-
ported into India from America or from the West Indies except by the
Director of Agriculture, Madras.
FLAXSEED, BERSEEM, AND COTTONSEED
ll. (a) Seeds of flax, berseem, and cotton shall not be imported by
letter or sample post or otherwise than by sea (See also 13 and 14 (2)).
(b) The importation of "Mexican jumping beans (Sebastiania palmer)
of the family Euphorbiaoeae" is prohibited absolutely,
12. Coffee plants, coffee seeds, and coffee beans shall not be imported
into India except for experimental planting purposes only by the Director of
Research, Indian Coffee Board, Bangalore, who shall take all measures neces-
sary to ensure that such coffee plants, beans, or seeds as are imported by
him are free from plant diseases and injurious insects:
Provided, that the prohibition hereinbofore contained shall not apply
to (i roasted and ground coffee, or (ii) a consignment of unroasted or
unground coffee beans or seeds produced in India or in Burma and covered by
a certificate of origin signed by an authorized official.
13. Flax seeds and berseem (Egyptian clover) seeds shall not be Im-
ported into India by sea, unless the consignee produces before the Collector
of Customs a license from a Department of Agriculture in India in that be-
14. (1) Unginned cotton, other than cotton from a port of Saurashtra or
of the Lasbella or Kalat State which has been produced in India shall not
be imported by sea or by air.
(2)- Cottonseed shall not be imported by sea save for experimental pur-
poses by one of the Directors of Agriculture and shall not be so imported
by such officer save at the port of Bombay and in quantities not exceeding
one hundredweight in any one consignment and on condition that it will be
fumigated on importation with carbon bisulphide or methyl bromide: Provided,
that, if the cottonseed is accompanied by a certificate from a Government
Entomologist of the country of origin to the effect that the seed and its
container have been treated in such a way as to destroy all insect life, the
seed shall be examined on importation by such officer as the Central Govern-.
ment may appoint and shall not be required to be refumigated unless such
examination shows that refumigation is necessary.
Notification No. 1581, A6TI., dated October 1, 1931, as amended up to
April 18, 1950, Regulating the Import Into British India of American Cotton
or West Indies cotton.
1. In this order:
(i) "Cotton" Includes ginned cotton, and droppings, stripping, fly
and other waste products of a cotton mill, other than yarn waste, but does
not include cottonseed or unginned cotton.
(ii) "American cotton" means all cotton produced in any part of America.
(ill) "Bale" means any pressed package of cotton of whatever size or
(iv) "Square Bale" means a bale exceeding 270 pounds,
(v) "Round Bale" means a bale not exceeding 270 pounds.
(vi) "West Indies Cotton" means all cotton produced in any part of the
2, The entry of American cotton or West Indies cotton Is restricted to t
ports of Bombay and Madras.
(a) On or before the departure of a ship carrying a consignment of
American cotton or West Indies cotton for Bombay or Madras from the port
from which the cotton is consigned, the consignee shall ascertain the name
of the ship, the probable date of its arrival iu Bombay or Madras, and the
number of square and round bales in the above consignment, and furnish this
Information to Customs and other authorities in Bombay and Madras at least
14 days before the arrival of the ship at the port concerned,
(b) The cotton shall be disinfected on arrival at Bombay or Madras, as
prescribed by the local government.
(c) Cost of fumigation is payable to Collectors of Customs at Bombay
Samples of American or West Indies cotton by parcel post or ship's
parcels not exceeding 20 pounds each shall be fumigated free of charge at
Bombay or Madras Customs House fumigation chamber.
14A. Sunflower seed shall not be imported Into India from Argentina
and Peru by means of letter or sample post or as passengers' accompanied
baggage or by any other means.
14Bo No bulbs or plants of onion (Allium cepa), garlic (Allium
sativum), shallot (Alllum ascolonicum), leek (AIlum porrum), chive (Allium
schoenoprasum) shall be imported into India unless they are accompanied, in
addition to the general certificates required under Rule 5, by an official
phytosanitary certificate guaranteeing freedom from the fungus disease,
Urocystis Elae. (Notification of amendment of Notification No. F,
320/35-A, dated July 20, 1936, effective September 11, 1951,6)
15,. Nothing in these rules shall be deemed to apply to:
(1) The bringing by sea or by air from one port or place in India to
another such port or place; or
(2) The transit of plants through India by air, or their transshipment
if they are accompanied by official certificates as prescribed in entry (i)
of Rule I, and are packed in such containers as will not permit insects
reaching or leaving the plant material and as are not to be opened in any
part of India.
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