Plant-quarantine import restrictions of British India

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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of British India
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Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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Al


LIBRA\Ry


STATE~ PjLAN


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


Bureau of Entomology and Plant
Washington, D. C.


Quarantine


June 13, 1936.


PLAINT- QUARANT I NE


IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF


BRITISH INDIA


B.E.P.Q.-4O4

















Digitized by the Internet Archive


n 2013


http://archive.org/details/britindia36unit







UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. 3.


June 13, 1936.


PLANIT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF

BRITISH INDIA


This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of
British India has been prepared for the information of nurserymen,
plant-quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation
of plants and plant products to that country.

It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Quarantine Inspector,
in Charge, Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant
Quarantines, from the text of the Destructive Insects and Pests Act,
approved February 3, 1914, as amended, and that of Notification No.
590-24o, of June 22, 1922, as amended, and was reviewed by the imperial
Council of Agricultural Research, Simla, India.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not
intended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the
original texts.




LEE A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant QAarantine.


B. E.P. q.-0







PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF

BRITISH INDIA



BASIC LEGISLATION

Act No. II of 1914, The Destructive Insects and Pests Act,
Approved February 3, 1914, as Amended up to May 14, 1931.


The act empowers the Governor-General-in-Council, by notifi-
cation in the Gazette of India, to prohibit or regulate the importa-
tion into British India of any article or class of articles likely
to cause the infection of any crop.
The act also empowers the local government, subject to the
control of the Governor-General-in-Council, to make rules for the
detention, inspection, disinfection, or destruction of such article
or class of articles and to impose penalties for infractions of the
said rules.


STuhiiiARY


Importation Prohibited

PLANTS may not be imported into British India by letter or sample
*mail, or by air, except as provided in article 2 of the
Notification of June 22, 1922, page 3.

SUGARCANE (Saccharum officinarum L.): Importation prohibited from
the Fiji Islands, New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines,
to prevent the introduction of injurious pests and diseases
of sugarcane. (Notification of June 22, 1922, art. 6 (1),


HEVEA RUBBER PLANTS AND S'ZiDS: Importation from America or West
Indies prohibited except by the Director of Agriculture,
Madras Presidency, to prevent the introduction of Fomes
semitostus Berk., Sphaerostilbe repens B. & Br., Fusicladium
macrosporum Kuyper, and Oidium heveae Steinmann. (Notifica-
tion of June 22, 1922, art. 7, P. 5.)

SEEDS OF FLAX (Linum usitatissimum L.), BERSEEM (Trifolium alexan-
drinum L.), and COTTON (Gossypium spp.): May not be imported
by letter or sample mIail otherwise than by sea, to prevent
the introduction of dodder (Cuscuta spp.). (Notification
of June 22, 1922, art. S, p. 5.)





-2


COFFEE


PLANTS, SEEDS, AND BEANS (Coffea spp.): May not be impor
except by the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency,


experimental planting,


'ted
for


to prevent the introduction of insect


pests, especially Stephanoderes hampei Hagedorn.
in art. 9, Notification of.June 22, 1922, p. 5.)


(See exceptions


UNGINNED COTTON,


other than


cotton from a Kathiawar port,


that has been


produced in India,


shall not be imported by sea or air,


the introduction of various pests of cotton.
June 22, 1922, art. 11 (1), p. 5.)


to prevent


(Notification of


MEXI CAN


IJUMPING BEANS (Sebastiana ralmori Rose;
tion absolutely prohibited to prevent the


Euphorbiaceae):
introduction of


Importa-


Graoholitha saltitans Westwood.


Importation Restricted


SUGARCANE intended to be
Sugarcane Exwmrt,


3. grown under the


Coin


(Notification of June


supervision of the


batore, may be imported by him
22, 1922, art. 2, p. 3.)


SUGARCANE from countries other than the Fiji


Islands,


Government
by mail.


Hew Guinea,


Australia,


or the Philippines must


inspection certificate.
(2), p.4.)


(Notificat


be accompanied by an official
ion of June 22, 1922, art. 6


PLANTS,


other than fruits


sugarcane,


and vegetables for


consumption,


potatoes,


may be imported by sea only at an authorized port,


after fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas, except
article 3, Notification of June 22, 1922, p.-e 4,


introduction of


and
and


as provided in


to prevent


the


injurious pests and diseases.


POTATOES:


Must be accompanied


by a shipper's


declaration and a certifi-


cate of competent
cation of June 22,


authority affirming freedom from wart.
1922, art. 4, p. 4.)


(Notifi-


POTATOES FROM


ITALY:


from disease

RUBBER PLANTS impor
certificate
individual p
cation of Ju


FLAX SEEDS
L.)


Must be accompanied by


(Notification of June


a certificate of freedom
22, 1922, art. 4.)


ted by sea: Must be accompanied by an offi
that the estate on which the plants origina
)lants, are free from specified plant pests.


me 22,


cial


,te


d, or the
(Notifi-


1922, art. 5.)


(Linumxusitatissimum L,.) and BERSEEM
may be imported only under a license


Agriculture
P. 5.)


of India.


(NotificItion of June


ifoliuA alexandrinum
an the Department of
22, 1922, art. 10,








May be imported by sea at the port of Bombay when ac-


companiod by a certificate, as prescribed in article ii (2)
of the Notification of June 22, 1922, page 5i

COTTON, including ginned cotton, droppings, strippings, fly, and other
cotton mill wastes, other than yarn wastes: See conditions
under article 11 (2), paragraph 2, Notification of June 22,
1922, and Notification No. 1591 of October 1, 1931, pages 5 & 6.


RULES ON THE IMPORTATION OF PLANTS,
INTO BRITISH INDIA

(Notification No. 590-240, of June 22, 1922, as amended up to Feb. 4,
1935.)


Definitions

Article 1. (a) "Official certificate" means a certificate
granted by the proper officer or authority in the country of
origin (The U. S. Department of Agriculture).

(b) "Plants" means a living plant or part thereof, but does
not include seeds.

(c) "Prescribed port" means any of the following ports,
namely, Bombay, Calcutta, Cochin, Dhanushkodi, Karachi, Madras,
Negapata, Rangoon, and Tuticorin.

(d) All provisions applying to plants or seeds shall apply
also to all packing material used in packing or wrapping such
plants or seeds.


Importation of Plants by Letter or Sample Post Prohibited

Art. 2. No plant shall be imported into British India by letter
or sample post; provided that sugarcane for planting, intended to be
grown under the personal supervision of the Government Sugarcane Expert,
Coimbatore, may be imported by him by such post.


Importation of Plant by Air Prohibited

Art. 2 A, No plant shall be imported into British India by air;
provided that plants infested by living insects and intended for the
introduction of such insects may be so imported if they are accompanied
by a special certificate from the Imperial Entomologist to the Government


COTTONSEED:







- 4-


of India that such plants are imported for the purpose of introducing
such insects.


Imported Plants Must be Fumigated on Arrival

Art. 3. No plants, other than fruits and vegetables intended
for consumption, potatoes, and sugarcane shall be imported into British
India by sea except after fumigation with hydrocyanic acid gas and at
a prescribed port:

Provided that plants infested by living parasitized insects
intended for the introduction of such parasites may be imported without
such fumigation if they are accompanied by a special certificate from
the Imperial Entomologist to the Government of India that such plants
are imported for the purpose of introducing such parasites.

Provided also that in the case of plants imported direct by
Mr. H. C. Javarayya, so long as he holds the post af Director of
Horticulture, Mysore, such fumigation shall be dispensed with. He is
personally responsible for the fumigation of such plants in the
Bangalore fumigatorium.


Potatoes Must be Certified Against Wart

Art. 4. Potatoes shall not be imported into British India by
sea unless accompanied by --

(a.) A declaration from the shipper stating fully in what
country and district the potatoes were grown and guaranteeing
that potato wart was not known to exist on the farms where
the potatoes were grown, and

(b) an official certificate that no case of wart disease of
potatoes has been know i during the 12 months preceding the
date of the certificate within 5 miles of the place where the
potatoes were grown.

Art. 5- Not applicable to the United States.


Sugarcane Restrictions

Art. 6. (1) The importation of sugarcane into British India
by sea from the Fi~i Islands, New Guinea, Australia, or the Philippine
Islands is prohibited absolutely.

(2) The importation of sugarcane into British India by sea
from any other country is prohibited, unless it is accompanied by an







-5-


official certificate that it has been examined and found free from
cane borers, scale insects, aleyrodes, root disease (any form), pine-
apple disease (Thielaviousis (ethaceticus) paradoxa (De Seyn.) Hoehn.),
sereh, and cane gummosis, that it was obtained from a crop that was
free from mosaic disease, and that the Fiji disease of sugarcane does
not occur in the country of export.

Provided that in the case of canes for planting imported direct
by the Government Sugarcane Export, Coimbatore, by the Secretary, Sugar
Bureau, Pusa, or by Mr. G. Clarke, so long as he holds the appointment
of Agricultural Chemist, United Provinces, and intended to be grown
undor the personal supervision of the importing officer in each case,
such certificate shall be required only in respect of the freedom of
the country of export from the Fiji disease of sugarcae.


Importation Prohibited of Hevea from Certain Countries

Art. 7. Hevea rubber plants and seeds shall not be imported
into British India from Aierica or from the West Indies except by the
Director of Agriculturo, Madras Presidency.

Art. 9. Seeds of flax, bersoom, and cotton shall not be imported
by letter or sax.ple post, otherwise than by sea.


Restrictions on Importatio'n of Coffee

Art. 9. Coffee plants, coffee seeds, and coffee bea:s shall
not be imported into British India except for experimental planting by
the Director of Agriculture, Madras Presidency, who shall take all
measures necessary to insure that such coffee plants, beans, or seeds
as are imported by him are free from plant diseases and injurious
insects. Provided that the prohibition hereinbefore contained shall
not apply (a) to roasted and ground coffee, or (b) to a consignment
of unroasted or unground coffee beans or seeds produced in India and
covered by a certificate of origin in the prescribed form.

Art. 10. Flax seeds and berseem (Trifoliuir alexandrinwua Lo)
shall not be imported into British India by sea, unless the consignee
produces before the Collector of Customs a license from the Department
of Agriculture in India in that behalf.


Cotton Restrictions

Art. 11. (1) Unginned cotton, other than cotton from a Kathiawar
port, which has been produced in India, shall not be imported by sea
or by air.










(2) Cottonseed shall not be imported by sea save for experi-
mental purposes by designated officers in India, and shall not be so
imported by such officer save at the port of Bombay and in quantities
not exceeding one hundredweight (112 lbs.) in any one consignment and
on condition that it will be fumigated with carbon disulphide on
importation:

Provided that, if the cottonseed is accompanied by a certificate
from a Government Entomologist of the country of origin to the effect
that the seed and its container have been treated in such a way as to
destroy all insect life, the seed shall be examined on importation by
such officer as the Governor-General-in Council may appoint and shall
not be required to be refumigated -unless such examination shows that to
be necessary. (See also the notification of Oct. 1, 1931, Cotton from
America. See below.)

Art. 12. Nothing in these rules shall be deemed to apply to--

(1) The import of any article into Aden, or

(2) the bringing by sea or by air from one port or place
in British India, not being in Aden, to another such
port or place.



Restrictions on Cotton from Imerica

(Notification No. 1591-Agri., of Oct. 1, 1931)


Definition

Article 1. "Cotton" includes ginned cotton, and droppings,
strippings, fly, and other waste products of a cotton mill, other.
than yarn waste, but does not include unzginned cotton.
"kaerican cotton" means all cotton produced in any part of
America.


Entry of Cotton by Mail or Baggage Prohibited

Art. 2. American cotton shall not be imported into British
India by letter or sample mail or as passengers' accompaniied baggage,
and shall riot be imported by any other means save throu4t the port of
Rxfbay and subject to disinfection as prescribed by the Government of
Bombay at the expense of the iml.porter.






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