Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France

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Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France
Physical Description:
Book
Creator:
Hoyt, Avery S
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030430056
oclc - 785832695
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E2/France


UNIT STATES DEPARTT-IrT OF AGRICTLTT
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.




B.E.P.Q.-03, Third Ihvision




PLAiT QUiAY.NTI1T2 IiOR1;T RSTRICTIOilS
OF ....

?LMBLIC OF FRAICE


This revision of the plant quarantine import restrictions of France,
made necessary by revocation of the principal orders formerly en-
forced in France, has been prepared for the information of nursery-
men, plant quarantine officials, and others interested in the
exportation of plants and plant products to France.

It was prepared by I. G. Oakley, Division of Plant Quarantines, from
translations of French Ministry of Agriculture Orders of March 5,
1952 and October 2, 1952, and other ap-plicable legislation, and was
reviewed by a representative of that Ministry.

Information contained in this circular is believed to be correct
and complete up to the tiz-e of preparation, but it is not intended
to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original
texts, and it is not to be interrreted &s legally authoritative.


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BASIC LEGISLATION


Ordinance No. 45-2627 of November 2, 1945, as amended by Article 65
of Law No. *47-520 of March 21, 1947, organizing the protection of
plants. The Ordinance authorizes the iiiinister of A7riculture to
designate agricultural posts against which defense me:;ures are to
be taken and to issue orders defining conditions of Iporta.tion
into France of plants or parts of plants, soils, manures, cotosts,
containers, bags, and other wrapAings that might harbor parasites
classed as dangerous; proLibit the importiiti'on of any parasite
considered dangerous by the minister of Agriculture, except as auth-
orized by him for oxperi:Iental purposes; and provides that expenses
of all types relative to sanitary measures applicable to imports of
plants, plant products, and other material which may introduce
injurious animal or plant organisms into France, must be borne by
the importers, even when infested products are refused entry or
destroyed.

Order of March 5, 1952, providing for inspection, fees, etc., as-
sociated with importations of plant >.roducts.

Orders of October 2, 1952, promlgating San Jose sclle regulations
for importation of woody plants and ports thereof and their fruits,
and designating ports of entr,.

The above orders, together with other effective orders, are summar-
ized in the following paragraphs as they apply to importations front
the United States,


S UM.PARY

The regulations ofthe French Plant Protection Service govern the
entry of plants and plant products (except dried or preserved kinds)
containers, soil, etc., and require, goener-lly, the sanitary cer-
tification of importations of fresh fruits and plants ard parts of
living woody plants. Import permits are not required..




-2-


Importation Prohibited


Chestnut


(Castanea sp-g.) trees and woed.


(See par, 5, p.Its)


Dodder and forage-crop seeds containing dodder.


(See par. 13, p. 7.)


(Vitis sp;".) stocks and cuttings.


Poplar plants and unrooted cuttings, except
(See par. 9, P- 5)


Potatoes infected with potato wart
(See par. 10, p. 5.)


(See par. 8, p. 5)

for research purposes.


(Svnchytriumendobioticum).


Resinous timber or lumber vith bark; also bark debris.
p. 5.)


(See par.


li,


Importation Restricted


Bulbs, corms, tubers, rhizomes, etc.,
no certification but are subject
arrival. (See par. 1, p. 3.)


(except Dahlias), require
to results of inspection on


Chestnuts req-ire sanitary certification specifying a shipment has
been disinfectecl by a process acceptable to the French ?lant
Protection Service* (See par* 5, p. 4)

Coniferous plants and plant parts (except seeds), require certifi-
cation attesting that .the products and those rrown in the
locality of origin were inspected and found free from needle,
cast (?habdocline pseudotsugae). (See par. 6, p. .-5.)

Dahlia tubers require certification that the tubers originated ex-
clusively from selected stock and that they are free from
virus diseases. (See par. 7, p. 5-)


Fresh fruits require
(See par. 12, pp.


certification for freedom from San Jose scale.
6-7.)


Plants (woody) and woody plant parts (except Conifers (see above)
and Aurantiaceae) require certification for freedom from San
Jose scale nnd disinsectization on arrival. (See par. 12,
p .6--7.9)

Seedcorn of hybrid strains will not be admitted in quantity if the
strains have not been tested in advance in France. (See par.
15, p.


Seeds of forage crops must
quirements. (See par.


comply witli purity and germination re-.
14, -.


Seeds of flowers, vegetables, etc., e-squire no certification but
are subject to results of inspection on arrival. (See pars.
1 to 4, p-:. 3-4.)


Grapevine





-3


G-T.4]AL C-2GULATI OIS
(Ainisterial Ordnr of March 5, 1952)

Inspection on Arrival Required

1. The importation into all territory subject to customs, i-4ith the
exception of Algeria, if the products listed below, coming from a
foreign country or from any territory of the French Union, is sub-
ject, at the Customs ,offices designated for that purpose, to inspec-
tion by the Plant Protection Service, even ,,hen such shipments are
accompanied, whichever the case, by phytopathological certificates
or certificates of health issued by the competent authorities of the
country of origin, or by certificates of origin.

Products Requiring Inspection

2. (a) Living plants and floricultural products, except flowers
and foliage that are dried, dyed, etc.
(b) Vegetables, plants, roots, and edible tubers, except dried,
dehydrated, or evaporated vegetables and plants for
cooking, aihd roots and tubers of high starch content.
(c) Edible fruits.
(d) Green coffee in berries, in parchment, as beans, and in
pellicles; EAd pepo'ers (of gehus Ca-osicum, except C.
rossum, and pimenta), paprika, and others.
(e) Cottonseed; and eeds and fruits for planting, except
graminaceous seeds rnd, in particular, ryegrass seed.
(f) Unprocessed or split osiers.
(g) Cocoa in beans or broken beans (not roasted); shells,
rinds, shoots, and pellicles of cocoa.
(h) Soil from garden, fields, or swan, intended for use in
cultivation.
(i) Manure or compost of animal or plant origin.
(j) Containers used for or having been used for transporting
the abovenamed products.
(k) Any product other tiIan those named in this list.

Treatment or Other Bisposition of Prodfucts Infested
With Pests Dangerous to Arriculture

3. When inspection of the abovenamed products reveals the presence
of pests considered dangerous to agriculture, the official of the
Plant Protection Service shall take all measures he considers neces-
sary to prevent their spread; namely, Ae m ay order the return, sort-
ing, treat-nent, placing under observation or in cwtr4..ntine, or de-
struction of infested or infected products or of products which are
in a doubtful status, importod for any -purpose.








Authorized Ports of Entry
(M4inisterial Order of October 2, 1952)

4. (a) Ports designated for plant imortations requiring dis-
iris octi nation (See Art. 1B, p. 6) #.-ordcux, Le Havre,
and j I\Tntes.
(b) Seoorts: Ajaccio, Bastia, Bayonne, Bordeaux, Boulogne,
hrest, Caen, Cherbourg, Die.pe, Dunkirk, La Nouvelle,
La Rochelle, La Rochelle.-7 alice, Le Havre, MarseilleV
14onaco, Nantes, Nice, Port Vendres, Rouen, Saint Mal6,
Saint ITazaire, Sete,*Toulon, Toulouse.
(c) Airports: Ajaccio-Campo-di -Loro, Blotzheim, Bordeaux-
ilerignac, Caen-Criarquet, 3Dntzheim, Le Bourget, Lyon-
Bron, Marseille-1,1arignane, Nice-Le Var, Orly, Perpignan-
Labanere, Toulouse-Blagnac.
(d) Other Ports: 47 inland ports, stations, and highway and
canal points.


CHLSTUITT PROHiBITIO' lAlI),, P!lSThICTIO!1
ministeriall Order of December 11, 1950)

5. (a) The importation of chestnut trees -nd wood from all coun-
tries is prohibited, including nursery-grown and other living plants
of chestnut, chestnut wood for tanning, fuel, etc., logs, squared
timber, saw-woo4, an. chestnut ca'sk staves.

(b) The importation of chestnuts, whether or not in shells, from
all countries is authorized, on condition that each shipment be ac-
compo'..nic'd by a nhytosanitary certificate. In case of infection by
Endothia nmrasitica in the exporting country, the certificate shall
s-pecify that the chestnuts have been disinfected. under a process
acce-otcble to the French Plant Protction Service.

(i'Tote: The following treatment, according to information furnished
by the Ministry of Arriculture on October 19, 195', is acceptable:
Immersion for at least 1 hour in a 1-percent forinalin solution, or
for at least 30 minutes in a 2-percent formalin solution.


COi IFjiRS R2USTRICTLD
ministeriall Order of October 7, 1950)

6. Imports into France of plants and plant parts (except seeds) of
the Conifers group, either greenhouse- or field-grown, are authorized,
on condition that each shipment be accompanied by a phytosanitary cer-
tificate issued by the official authorities of the country of origin,
,-rho will attest specifically that both the -roducts in the shipment
and those grown in the locality of origin were inspected and founi
free from neodlecast disease (Phabdocline pscudots ae).







(Note: The "Conifers group" apparently includes Araucaria, Plum.-yew
Cypress, Juniper, krborvitae, Chamaecyparis, Pine, Larch, True Cedar,
Hemlock, Fir, Spruce, Douglas-fir, Podocarpus, Yew, Taxodium, and
Sequoia.)
DA]iLIA 71M

(iviiniisteriil Order of December 29, 1949)

Special Certification Required"

7. The importation Into France of dahlia tubers and cuttinrrs from
all countries is 'subject to presentation of a certificate of control
as to selection and phytopathological inspection, issued by an auth-
orized official of the country of origin, stating specifically that
the products originated exclusively from selected stock' and that
they are free from virus diseases.

ImPORTATICiI OF GRAEVIIMS PROHIBITED
(Law of July 15, 1921)

9. The importation of grapevines (stocks and cuttings) into France
and Algeria is prohibited as a precaution against the introduction of
phylloxera., (Extr. No. 170 from Customs tariff-grapevines of foreig
origin.)

IMPORTATION OF POPLARS PROHIBITED,
EXCLPT i'OR RESEARCH PURPOSES "
(Ministerial Order of Mey 12, 1952)

9. (a) The importation of unrooted cuttings and plants of poplars
is prohibited.

(b) By derogation of the aforesaid provisions, the Minister of
Agriculture may authorize importations of cuttings or of plants of
poplars destined to scientific institutions for research and experi-
mental purposes.

POTATO WART
(Decree Of Decenber 19, 1910, and Order of June 10, 1924)

10. The importation of potatoes infected with wart disease
(Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.) is prohibited.


RILSI OUS TI14BER PROHIBITID
(Ministerial Order of aiTrch 19, 1948)

11. The imoortation into France from all countries of resinous
timbers, as logs or as lumber, when they are covered in whole or in
part with bark, and also of debris of the bark of such timber, is
prohibited.,







SAN JOSE S-ALL REGULATIONS
(Ministerial Order of October 2, 1952).

Certification Required

12. Article l.-The importation into any French territory subject
to Customs, with the exception of Algeria, of living plants, parts
of living plants, and fresh fruits coming from countries infested
by the San Jose scale is subject to the following conditions:

A Fresh Fruits.-Floers, buds, foliage,?md fresh branches
for bouquets and decorative purposes, coming from woody
-olants.

These products must be imported through one of the Customs offices
designated for such entry (See Order of October 2, 1952, par. .4,
p. 4) and be accompanied by a phytopathological certificate in
accordance with the model certificate attached to this Order.

(Note: Presentation of the model certificate is omitted since it
is similar to Form DZ-926, which is acceptable to the French Plant
Protection Service.)

If the official res-oonsible for phytosanitary inspection, at the
time of passage through the Customs office, establishes the presence
of Sran Jose scale on any such products he is authorized to prescribe,
for the entire shipment covered by the same phytopathological cer-
tificate, treatment for disinsectization, return of such shipment,
destruction, or even diversion, in the case of fruits, to a process-
ing plant.

B Living,- plants and parts of living woody p1]lAnts (trees,
shrubs, nursery stock, grzafts, unrooted cuttings, with
the exception of those of conifers and aurantiaceous


Fumigation Reouired at Designated Ports of Entry

These products, accompanied by a phytopathological certificate in
accordance with the model attached to this Order (see Note above)
shall be imported only through such Customs offices as are equipped
for giving disinsectization treatments (Bordeaux, Nantes, and Le
Havre). The list of such offices is determined by the order of the
Secretary of State for tile Budget on the basis of recommendations
of the minister of Airiculture, in apY)lication of the Customs Code.

If the official responsible for phytosanitary inspiection, at the time
of passage through the Customis office, establishes the presence of
San Jose scale, he is authorized to prescribe, for the entire ship-
ment covered by the same 1hytopathological certificate, treatment
for disinsectization, or return of the shipment. All lots admitted
for importation are required to undergo disinsectization.







Article 2.-Any disinsectization prescribed with regard to any
product shall also be applied to its container,

Article 3.--The Minister of Agriculture shall not be held responsible
for any deterioration of any product caused by disinsectization.

Exceptions for Scientific Purposes

Article )*.-By derogation of the receding provisions, the Minister
of Agriculture may authorize certain importations, without their
being subject to the provisions oC Article 1 of this Order, .hen
they are destined.to scientific institutions for scientific and
experimental purposes.

Transit Regulations

Article 5.--The transit through Continental France of living plants,
parts of living plants, and fresh fruits, as designated in Article
1 of this Order, is authorized only when they are released by an
office designated in t;e Orcr 'of October 2, 1952. Such products
should be packed in cont.incrs thnt offer every guaranty of solidity
and that permit no le.kage. Transportation in bulk is prohibited
except u-oon a special derogation -grpnted by the Ministry of Agriculture

Article .--All previous regulations relative to the imnortation and
transit through Continental France of ,olonts, parts of plnts, pand
fresh fruits that conflict x ith the provisions of this Order are
revoked, in particular the Order ot november 19,, 194s.

SID P STiCCTIOi7,S

Dodder Prohibited
(Decree of February 21, 1903, and Order of March 10, 1909)

13. The importation into France of seeds of the plant parasitee dodder
(Cuscuta sp.) is prohibited, The prohibition apolies also to forage-
crop seeds that upon inspection, are fo,nd to cont.'.n do .der scds,
in particular, alfalfa (Med:fago sti a L.), red clover (Trifo'An
prnt e L.), white cloer (T re-ens L,,),. alsike clover ( T n dium
L.), kdney vetch (Anthyllis-vu1rrcria LO), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus
corniculatus L.), and timothy7Pneuii pratense L.).

The Order of March 10, 1909, prescribes the method of sam-pling of
alfalfa and clover seed.
Forage-Grass Seed Restrictions

14. According to the Law of Januar y 11, 1972, as it ap-eared in
Supplement N'o. 51 to the Bulletin of the International Tireau of the
Universal Postal Union, May 23, 1947, the importation into France is
prohibited of:

Administration of regulations governing importations of seeds is
effected by the Seed Control Laboratory, Service des Fraudes.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
-III 9I ii li liIiI IH U
3 1262 09241 7160
(a) Mixed ,grass seeds for forage purposeS;
(b) Grass seeds intended for fornxge, but which are unfit.
for sowing.

The following are deemed unfit for sowing:

(a) Grass sceds containing more than 5 percent of soft chess
(.ronus mollis L.) or annual fescue grasses (Festuca
Section Vu12ia). ..
(b) Grass seeds that do not attain the following minimal
percentages of -purity and germination:
% % germi.
purity nability
Arrostis sri-.- bent grass 50 50

Alopecurus ;oratensis L. medow foxtail 50 5-
Anthoxanthux odoratumn L. sweet vernal grass 70 50
Avena elatior- Arrhenathenr'i el,,tius (L.)
ert. & Kock tall oat crass 70 50
Avena flavescens Trisetnm flavescens (i)
B,-auv. golden oat grass 50 45
zromus pratensis B. comut2tus 'Scnrad. -
meadow bro:-e qrass 70 50
Cynosurus cristatus L. crested dogtail grass 80 60
Dactylis glomerata L, orchard grass 70 50
Festuca ovina L. shces fescue 70 50
Festuca pratensis F. elatior L. meadow fescue 80 60
Festuca rubra var. heterohylla Mutel, -
various-leafed fescue 65 50
holcus lanatus L. velvet grass 40 60
Loliium italicum L. imlultifloruim Lain.
Italian ryegrass 80 60
Loliim ?erenne L. English ryegrass 80 60
Lolium prenne var. -pacyi Sturtev. -Pacey
ryegrass 80 60
Phleum pretense L. timothy 80 70
Poa nernoralis L.- wood jleadow grass 70 50
Poa pratensis L. -Kentiic;j- bluegrass 70 50

Hybrid Seedcorn

15. Seed strains will not be admitted in quantity if they have not
been tested in af.vance in Frpince. (From Dspatch I146, dated May 2,
1950, from the Agricultural Attache, American Embassy, Paris.)