Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France

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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France
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United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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E2/France


UNITED STATES APARTMENTT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.



. 403,2nd Revision October 23, 1950



PLANT QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF THE

REPUBLIC OF FRANCE


vision of the plant quarantine import restrictions of France
rates supplements 1-4 to B.E.P.Q.-403, Revised, inthe present
, and includes recent orders of the Minister of Agriculture
id more plant diseases to the list of parasites appended to
rial Order of August 1, 1946. It has been prepared for the
tion of nurserymen, plant quarantine officials and others
ted in the exportation of plants and plant products to France.

3ular was prepared by Richard. Faxon, Division of Foreign
aarantines, from ordinances and Ministerial orders furnished
American Embassy in Paris.

formation contained in this circular is believed to be correct
plete up to the time of preparation, but it is not intended
sed independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original
ind it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative.






Acting Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine


















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IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF TIM

IEPUBLIC OF FRANCE


BASIC LEGISLATION

Ordinance No. 45-2627 of November 2, 1945 by the Provisional
Government con8ring the protection of plants.
Order of August 1, 1946 by the Minister of Agriculture.
Orders of June 18, 1948 and December 1, 1949 by the Ministers of
Agriculture and Finance.
Various earlier decrees and orders remain in force and subsequent
orders have been issued., as noted in the text, to carry out the
intent of the ordinance.


SUMMARY

The importation into France of plants and parts of plants from the
United States is permitted only in accordance with the conditions
of a special import license which may be issued by the Minister of
Agriculture.


IMPORTATION PROHIBITED

Plants or parts of plants from countries where the insects or plant
diseases listed under A or A' in the Ministerial Order of August 1.,
1946, have been noted, except those entering in accordance with the
conditions of a special import license granted by the Minister of
Agriculture. This general prohibition has certain specific applica-
tion in acordance with the following decrees and orders regulating
the importation of plants in order to prevent the introduction of the
pests noted.

Grapevines. cuttings, leaves, vineyard props, compost. Grape
phylloxera (Phylloxera vitifoliae Fitch), Decree of May 15, 1882.

Dodder (Cuscuta spp.) seeds, and forage seeds containing dodder.
Decree of February 21, 1908 and Order of March 10, 1908.

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) infected with potato wart (Synchytrium
endobioticum (Schilb) Pero.). Decree of December 19, 1910 and Order
of June 6, 1924.

Plants of the genera Abies, Picea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga, and Tsuga.
Needle capt disease (Rh-bd-ocline pseudotsugae Syd.). Decree of
November 26. 1930.

Living plants and parts thereof. San Jose scale (Aspidiotus pernilosus
Comst). Decree of Mrch 8, 1932 and Order of November 19,' 1948.







Resinous wood and bark, or in picS covered wholly or in paxt by bark,
as well as the bark waste of such wood. Order of Yarch 18, 1948.


IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Bees, honey and beeswax must be certified as free from contagious bee
diseases. SuppLeent No.-o Berntional.-Breau,
Universal Postal Untbn.. My 23, 1547.

Fresh fruiti from the United States are permitted. entry.when certified
as free from insects and plant diseases including San Jose scale
(Asp iIotui8 peinic iodus Comst.-) apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella Wald
bitter rot (Glomerella cingulata (Ston. ) Spuld. and Schen),an&
Florida red scale (Chysomphalus aonidum L. ). .

Dahlia tubers and cuttings must be certified as originating from selected
stock and free from virus diseases. Order of December 29, 1949.

Plants and parts of plants are subject to inspection on arrival in
France. Order of June 18, 1948.

Grass seed for forage must meet certain standards. Law of January 1i1,
1932, from Supplement No. 51 quoted above.


GENERAL REGULAT IONS
Ordinance No. 45-2627, November 2, 1945

This ordinance, promulgated by the Provisional Government of the trench
Republic, concerns the protection of plants. In Article'l the Minister
of Agriculture is authorized to list the agricultural pests against
which defense measures are to be taken. '(The list of pests is set forth
in the Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946).

.Chapter I, Ariticles 2-6, Plant-defense groups established.
Chapter I, Articles 7-14, Defense measures described.

Article 7 Except as authorized by the Minister of Agriculture for ex-
perimental purposes, it is forbidden to introduce into France, or know-
,ingly to keep, or to transport, anyparasite considered dangerous as
specified in Article 1, whatever their stage of develbpbent may be
(adult, eggs, larvae, nymphs, seeds, germs, etc.).

Article 8 Orders issued by the Minister of Agriculture will define the
conditions. for there movement il" ra.nce bof plat. or parts of plants, of
soils, manurus and composts, and of bage'and other 'wrkppinas that might
harbor parasites classed as dangerous. These orders will be'signedby
t1he Minister Qf Finance also when they.are concerned with the importa-
_-'..ttIon:of theq'k ials ae d poducs, or tare aftfected by q customs
regulat ions. Import prohlbitions may be decl~ed.






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Ministerial Order. o the, sanitary. control of imported plants and
Lant products, signed by the Ministers of Agriculture and of Finance
ia Economic Affairs was issued June 18, 1948. and amended December 1
A9.)

Chapter III, Articles 15-18, deals with inspection of nurseries.
Chapter IV, Articles 19-22, relatesto import and export control.

tile 22 states that expenses of all types resulting from carrying
Lt sanitation measures applicable to imports of plants, plant products
Ld other materia4_wich may introduce injurious animal or vegetal
-ganisms into France, must be borne by the importers, even when in-
ste6 products are refused entry or destroyed.

Chapter V, Articles 23-28 lists penalties and nullifies laws
A decrees.

Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946

Minister of Agriculture

fense .easuros against animal and vegetal parasites of plants.

t. 1 Animal and vegetal parasiteswhich are recognized as being
ngerous to French plant culture, are inscribed in the lists A, A'
d B appended to the present order. '
he procedure to be followed in combatting the pests in the three
tegories varies according to the danger involved. Export certifi-
tion is chiefly concerned with the pests listed under A and A'.)

t. 2 The importation of plants, or'parts of plants, from countries
ore the- presence of -ny-parasite listed on A or A' has been noted,
forbiden
:A special import license may fe granted, however, which will
dlicate the conditions of entry and the special customs offices where
ch an entry can be effected.
(In response"to any inquiry -as to how the sped ial -import
censes would be issued for fresh fruit exported from the United States
France, t1he Fren'h Ministry of Agriculture replied in Aprl 19147
follows: (in trenslati6n)
"The decree of 8 March 1932 prohibits the .import (into France)
plants, or parts of plants, from countries declared infected with
SSan Jose scale.
"A for fresh fruits, the 'general' derogation accorded before
a war is still valid on condition that the fruit be accompanied by
sanitation certificate and that the shipment be made direct from
a country of origin to the point of entry into France."
ee also SAN JOSE SCALE RGTLATIONS, p. 7)

ts. 3 bd 4 desci'ibme thods of cbntrol administered by the Service of
Mnt Protection and designate the respbnsible agencies.




-4 -


A -aiss.ppended- to, -Minister&l -Ord'er of August 1, 194'

A. Parasites who i must be destroyed at all t1m6s, in all places.

Insects

Aoanthosoelides obtectus Sa y; bean. we6Vil-
Callosobruchus maculatus (F.), cowpea weevil
eratitis capitlta Wied. Mefterranean fruit fly,
*Chrysomphalus aonidun L.,': Florida red 'sJcale
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morg. dictyospermum scale
Pseudaulaoaspis pentagon Targ., White peach scale'
Dreyfusia nordmannianae Ecickt., silver fir aphid
Iridomyrmex humilis Myr., Argentine ant
Lampetia equiestris F., narcissus bulb fly
Grapholitha molesta Busok, oriental fruit moth*-
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say, Colorado potato beetle
Lymantria monacha L. nun moth
Icerya purschasi Mask., cottony-cushion scale
Gnorimoschema operculella Zell., potato tuberworm
Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst. San Jose scale


Phanerogams

Cuscuta spp., dodder


Crytogams, bacteria and viruses-

Bacillus amylovorus' (Burr.) Trev., fire blight
Endothia parasit ia. (Murr.) And. .&A nd.., chestnut blight:
Gl6merella cingulata (Ston.) Spauld. and Schrenk, bitter-rot
Melanconium fuligineum (Scrib.. andViala) Cayv,, bitter'-rot
Nectria galligena Bres., European canker
' Phytomonas michiganense EFS., bacterial canker
.Plovrightia mrbosa (Sohiv.)Saco., black.Jknot
Rhabdocline pseudotsuga Syd., needle cast.
S Synchytrium en6obioticum (Schilb,).Pero., potato, wart
Chancre suintant du Peuplier, bleeding Qanker of pop 1ar
Virus diseases of grape
Virus diseases of potato
Virus disease of dahlia, Orderof December19 19k9
Virus diseases of Aurantiaceous (Citrus.) group. Order of May 10,



Eel~orms

Heterodera rostochiensis Woll., golden nematode of potatoes.
Order of August 1, 1949.







For4~n pasites -for' wi1ch. special co t ol measures are pre-
~iibedti in t1he,.event such. paaaites are. lntroduced into 1r&2iad6

Blissus leucopterus Say, chinch bug
:hrysobothrls: mali. Horn,. Pacific. fla.theaded borer
A tsbotl. Is f emorata Olyv., fl t!&edapple" tree brer .
,--CcQiotxac~heIlus .Ju&Iandis Lec'..
," .ls iwnuphax Herbst.*' plum curcui-io -
Epihlacna varivestis Muls., Mexican bean'beetle -,
:PQpi-,li iaponioa Nqwm.,,Japanese beetle
~h he~ro ,eD olf peaci .pple maggo-
Rhy4Q;1TMs -,,heros :Roelf~ -Peaoe iieeAJ


B. Parasites and small animals, tie muItipicatiOn of which;mayat-
certin ; Vtis become a8.Aaxnger calling for special measures in certain

(A long list of local interest but of no concernin export
oertif ication,) .:.-,

Ministerial. Qrder 'of une AI,~94~8
as amended Deceiiber 1, 1949 .

Ministers of Agriculture and of kiinance and Ecohomic" Affairs

UNITARY CONTROL, OF IMPOSED. PLANTS AND. PLANT' PbDjUCTS,

Article I The vegetable productslisted below. coming, fr6many source
(foreign, French Overseas .e...tories, Algeria, erseas Departments),
cannot be Imported into Metropolitan France inder any- customs :status
(except in. international transit. from foreign country to foreign country),
before having been submitted, at the tim' 6f1their -passage through customs
at:. tie geQgraphic: border or at one or the" intern&l customs offices men-
tioned in Article 3 below, to inspecting, by .the Plant Protection Service,
even. if acoppanied, according tp their origin and the natie of the
goods, either by phytopathological or sanitary certificates issued by
competent authorities of the country of origin, or'by a' certificate of
origin.

Living plants and. floricultural products, except flowers and dried or
dyed foliage. .
Vegetables, plants, edible roots and tubers, except dried, dehydrated or
-evaporated .vegetab-lea, and roots, and pxpbers of, high starch content,

Green coffee i.n -a. forms.
Pimento, pepperse (of Qa.psioutype. except bell pepper' (Caps Icum. grossum),
and pimxenta), psprika ~aad others
Seeds and fruits for plantingg, except grass seeds and part 1cularly rye-
gras -seeds'.a( ; huss h S p

Cocoa beans, whole or broQken (unroasted); husks,." fs oot nd el





-6-


Also containers used or that have been used for the transport of
these products, earth, leaf-moulds, composts and manures intended
for cultivation.

When the inspection of the products discloses the presence of any of
the insects and diseases harmful to plants appearing in the lists A
and A' of the order of August 1, 1946, the agent of the Plant Pro-
tection Service will take all measures that he may deem necessary.

Article 2 The Plant Protection Service has authority to make a
complete or partial examination of all other vegetable products,
either crude or processed, and the containers used with them, to
determine the presence of insects and plant diseases.

Article 3 The products listed in Article 1 of the present order
cannot be imported, except through the following customs offices:

Ajacio, Ajacoio Campo di Loro.
Bayonne, Bellegarde, Bordeaux, Bordeaux-Merignac, Boulogne, Brest.
Caen, Caen-Carpiquet, danfrano, Corbere, Cherbourg.
Dieppe, Dunkerque.
Hendaye (station and road).
Jeumont.
Kehl-Strasbourg.
La Rochelle-Pallice, le Bourget, le Havre, le Perthus, Lille-
Lesquin, Lyon, Lyon-Bron.
Marseille, Marseille-Marignane, Modane.
Nantes, Nice, Nice-le-Var.
Orly.
Paris, Perpignan-Llabanere, Port-la-Nouvelle, Port-Vendres.
Risquons-Tout (road), Rouen.
Saint-Louis (station and road), Saint-Yalo, Saint-Nazaire, Sete,
Strasbourg-Ent zhe ir.
Thionville, Toulouse, Toulouse-Blagnac, Tourcoing (station).
Vallorbe, Vintimille.


SPECIAL DECREES AND ORDERS

PLLOXERA REGULATIONS

Decree of May 15, 1882 implements the International Phylloxera Con-
vention signed at Berne November 3, 1881, and prohibits the importa-
tion into France from the United States of grapevines, cuttings,
leaves, used vineyard props, composts and manures. The Berne Con-
vention absolutely excluded rooted grapevines and cuttings from
international circulation. The phylloxera regulations provided for
conditional importation of plants other than grapevines. However,
such importations can now be made only under special import license,




-7-


DODDER (CUSCUTA spp. )

Decree of February 21, 1908 azA. Order of Mrch 10, !908

The decree rohibits the importation into France of seeds of the-
plant parasite dodder (Cuscuta spp.). The prohibition applies alsq:;
to forage-crop seeds tlat -upon inspect ion are found, to contain dodder,
seeds; especially alfalfa (Medicago sat iva L.), red clover (Trifollum
pratense L.), white clover (T. repens L.), alike clover (T.. hybridum
L.), iey vetch (Anthyllisvulneraria L.), birdsfoot trefdil,(Ltus
corniculatus L a timothy (Phieum pretense L.

The Order of Irch 10, 1908 prescribes the method of sampling of
alfalfa and clover seed.

POTATO WAR1

Decree of December 19, 1910 and Order of June 10, 1924 prohibit the
importation of potatoes infected with wart disease (Synchytrium
endobioticum (Schilb.) Pero.

WHIT PEACH SCALE

Decree of October 12, 1913 modified by Decree of April 20, 1920, re-
stricts the entry of woody plants from Italy to prevent the intro-
duction of white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ.).

NUN MOTH

Decree of December 1, 1921 prohibits the importation of forest
products from Czechoslovakia which might carry infestations of nun
moth (Lrmantria monacha L.).

NEEDLE CAST OF 00NIFERS

Decree of November 26, 1930 prohiibits the importation of plants and
parts of plants belonging to the genera Abies, Picea, Piu
Pseudotsuga,' and Tauga from all countries on accoun of the danger of.
introducing needle cast disease (Rhabdocline .pseudotsugae Syd...).


SAN JOSE SCALE REGULATIONS

Decree of March 8, 1932 and Order of November 19, 1948

The above. dcecre and order are concerned maihly with importS: of living
plants and parts thereof, including fresh 2uits, which may carry San
Jose acale. Shipments' of lily bulbs from Japan are also included. and.
Japanese beetle mentioned.







Living !qiidW d '.rf Thereof

Article 1. The -mportatb idt'Fran e -s piohibited of living
plants and parts thereqf ,(trees, shrubs, nursery products, cuttings
and othei plant parta.)- origt ihor co-6 itih -.Trom. the followingg
.rqountrIies where the preaernc o of r a itua pernicic,su (San Jose
scale).-haq been establiihed 'S6t h Africa, Algeria, Gerpany, Argentina,
*i ustra, iAustralia, Ca Ma a, i'e Chia, Spain, the United State-of
AmrlcajfHungary, Hawaii, Itsl, Japan,. Mexico;. Pdtugal, Rumania,
Switzerland, the Untion of Sov.iet,'SLdalist RepbCLics, Uruguay, Yugosl avia
and New Zealand. This prohibition alsdapplies -to containers which are
use4 ,Tprtransporting the above items.

Fresh Fruits

Article 2. The entry into France of fresh fruits originating in, or
coming from, countries infested by the San Jose scale, is authorized,
provided.

1. That the entry is made through the customs offices listed in the
Order of June 18, 1948 as amended by Order of December 1949'0'
2. That the shipments be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate
in Form 1 (Identical with EQ-926) issued by competent authorities
of thb 'country of origin guaranteeing that the fruits are not.
carriers of San Jose scale.
3. That sanitary inspection be effected at the customs by an agent
of the Plant Protection Service who will grant free entry if the
fruits are found to be healthy, or order their destruction or re-
turn abroad in the contrary case.

Article 3. Deals with regulations affecting countries free from San
Jose scale.

EXCEPTIONS

Article 4. Derogations to the terms of Artiole I may be made as follows:

I. Urder specified conditions, permits may be granted by the Minister
of agriculture, for the import of live plants or parts thereof,
for study or research.
2. Lily bulbs from Japan.

Article 5. Transit through French territory.

1. Imports must be through customs stations as above.
2.,* Shipments must be securely packed to prevent, leakage, e.g. cases,
barrels, light wooden boxes.
3; 'Transfers from ship to S-hore will be under the supervision of the
Plant Protection Service,


Article 6. Refers to countries free from San Jose scale.





',9


Article 7. All previous regulations governing the entry into and.
tiaiist .throug. France of live plants and parts thereof, including
fresh fruits, which my differ from the present 'rder, are hereby
rese inded."

Article 8. Designates .reaponaible officerss and. states that the
Order will be effective 90 days after its publication in the Official.
Journal. The effective date is therefore March 4, 1949.

RESINOUS WOOD

Ministerial Order of March 18, 1948
'Minister of Agriculture and Secretary -of State for the Budget

Article 1. The importation into France of- resinous wood from all
countries is prohibited with bark Or i pieces wherithey are covered
wholly or in part by their bark, as well as 'e bark waste of the
said wood.

DAHLIA TUBERS

Order of December 29, 1949,

The importation into France from all foreign countries of dahlia
tubers and cuttings, is dependent upon the presentation of 'a certifi-
cate of control as to selection and phytopathological inspection, to
be furnished by the official authorities"'of the country of origin,
attesting specifically that the products originated exclusively from
selected stock andare freo from virus diseases.

GRASS SEED FOR FORAGE

According to the 'law. of ,Zanuary ll; 1932 as it appears in Supplement
No; 51 to the 'Bulletin of the International Bureau of the Universal
Postal Union, 19423, l197, the :importation inito -F nce iS p rhibited.
of: ..

(1) Mixed grass seeds for forage purposes;.
(2) Grass seeds intended for forage but which are unfit for,,.-
sowing ,

The followifig' are deemed unfit'.for- sowing':

(1) Grass o' containing more than percent of'soft che~s
(Brmus Molis L.), or.of annual fescue gra~sei (Festuca
'Section Vulpia)
(2) Grass seeds that do not attain the following minimal per-
centages of purity and germination:




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
10 ~~ ~ Illl I1tlINtlIIILIN111111111111111111111111111111111111
3 1262 09241 6543

Purity ..nabIlity
Agrootis-spp., bent grass 050 50
Alopecurus pratensis L., meadow foxtail 50 )4.5
Anthoxanthum odoratum L., sweet vernal grass 70 50
Avena elatior' Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Mert,. &
...Kock, tall oat grass 70 5
Avenat flavescens Trisetum flavescens (L.) Beauv.,
golden oat grass 50 45
Bromus pratensis B. commutatus Schrad., meadow
brome grass 70 50
Cynosurus cristatus L.,: crested dogtail grass- 80 60
Dactylis- glomerata L., orchard grass 70 50
Festuca ovina L., sheeps fescue 70 50
Festuca pratensis F. elatior L., meadow fescue .80 6o
Festuca rubra- var. heterophylla Mutel.,+ various -
leafed fescue 65 50.
Holcus lanatus L., velvet grass 40 60.
Lolium italicum L. multiflorum Lam., Italian rye
grass 80 60
Lolium perenne L., English ryegrass 80 60
Loltum perenne var. pacyi Sturtev., Patey ryegrass 80 6o
Phleum pratense L., timothy 80 70
Poa nemralis L., *wood meadow grass 70 50
Poa pratensIs L., Kentucky bluegrass 70 50

HYBRID SEED CORN

1. Seed strains will .not be admitted in quantity if. they have not.been
tested in advance in France.
2. 1950 plans.
3. The authorities are chiefly interested in testing those varieties
-for which they can get the -parent stock for reproduction in France.
(From Despatch 11146 dated May 2, 1950 from the AgricuLtural Attache,
American Embassy, Paris.)

EES

According to Supplement No. 51 as above, bees, either as colonies or
queen bees, honey and beeswax in any form, may not enter France unless
accompanied by a certificate: of origin and freedom from disease issued
by a veterinary or some other qualified official authorized by the
government. The certificate must show that no.contagious bee diseases
have occurred In the locality concerned for at least six months previous
to date of issue.