Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France

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Title:
Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of France
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Book
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Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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E/France


I


B. E. P. Q.


403, Revised


March 5 i949


PLANT WARANTINE fMPORT RSTRICTIONS

OF THE

REPUBLIC OF FRANCE



This revision of the plant quarantine import restrictions of
France appears to be necessary on account of the proua!-lon of an
ordinance by the Provisional Goverrment onNoernber 2, 19145, which
deals with the protection of plants and anr.Is many previous laws and
decrees, and on account of two Ministerial orders issued by the French
Ministry of Agriculture in 1946. It has been prepared for the infor-
mation of exporters of plants a"d. plAnt praojbxtq to Freace and plant
quarantine officials.

The circular was prepared by Riebard Fmx Division of Foreign
Plant QuAmntiLes, from translations of the oria e and Miristerial
orders furnished by the American Embassy in Paris, SupplSaft No. 51,
Bulletin of the Intern national Bureau, univmtd' potl Union.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct and complete up to the time of preparation, but it is not in-
tended to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the origi-
nal texts, and it is not to be interpreted. as legally authoritative.







Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Agricultural Research Administration
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington 25, D. C.






















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PLANT -QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF TE

REPUBLIC OF FRANCE

BASIC LEGISLATION


Ordinance No. 45-2627 of November 2, 1945 by the Provisional
Government concerning the protection of plants.
Order of August 1, 1946 by the Minister of Agriculture.
Order of December 31, 1946 by the Ministers of Agriculture and
Finance. According to this Order the following Decrees and Orders
remain in force.
Decree of May 15, 1882 Phylloxera
Decree of February 21, 1908 and Order of March 10, 1908 Dodder
Decree of December 19, 1910 and Order of June 6, 1924 Potato wart
Decrees of October 12, 1913 and April 20, 1920 White peach scale
Decree of December 1, 1921 Nun moth
Decree of November 26, 1930 Needle cast disease of conifers
Decree of March 8, 1932 San Jose scale
Order of November 7, 1945 Argentine ant.


SUMMARY

The importation into France of plants or parts of plants from the
United States is permitted only in accordance with the conditions of a
special import license which may be granted by the Minister of Agricultureo



IMPORTATION PRO HIBITED

Plants, or parts of plants, from countries where the insects or
plant disease listed in the Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946, have
been noted, except those entering in accordance with the conditions of
a special import license granted by the Minister of Agriculture. This
general prohibition has certain specific applications in accordance
with earlier decrees and orders still in force as listed under Basic
Legislation. For example:

Grapevines, cuttings, leaves, vineyard props, compost, etc., to
prevent the introduction of grape phylloxera (Phylloxera vitifoliae
Fitch)'

Dodder (Cuscuta spp.) seeds, and forage seeds containing dodder.





-.2 -


Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L..) infected with potato wart
(Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.) Woody plants from Italy to
prevent the introduction of white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis
pentagona Targ.) Forest products from Czechoslovakia which might be
infested with the nun moth (Lymantria monacha L.) Plants of the genera
AbiesPicea, Pinus, Pseudotsuga, and Tuga) to prevent the introduction
of needle cast disease (Rhabdocline pseudotsugae Syd,)

Living plants and parts 'thereof to prevent the introduction of
San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)



IMPORTATION RESTRICTED

Bees, honey and beeswax must be certified as free from contagious
bee diseases.

Fresh fruits from the United States are permitted entry when certi-
fied as free from insects and plant diseases including San Jose scale
(Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.), apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella
Walsh), bitter rot (Glomerella cingulata (Ston.)Spauld. and Schrenk.),
and Florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum L.)

Plants and parts of plants are subject to inspection on arrival.,



GENERAL RELATIONS

Ordinance No. 45-2627, November 2, 1945o

This ordinance, promulgated by the Provisional Government of the
French Republic, concerns the protection of plants. In Article 1 the
Minister of Agriculture is authorized to list the agricultural pests
against which defense measures are to be taken. (The list of pests
is set forth in the Miniaterial Order of Augu'st i 1946).

Chapter IL, Articles 2-6, Plant-defense groups established.
Chapter II, Articles 7-14, Defense measures. described.

"Article 7 Except as authorized by the Minister of Agriculture
for experimental purposes, it is forbiden to introduce into France,
or knowingly to keep, or to transport, any parasite Considered danger-
ous as specified in Article 1, whatever their stage of development may
be (adult, eggs, larvae, nymphs, seeds germs, etc.).

Article 8 -Orders issued by the Minister of Agriculture will
define the conditions for the ucovement in France of plants or parts
of plants, of soils, manures and composts, and of bags and other






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wrappings that might harbor parasites classed as dangerous. These
orders will be signed byte Minister of Finance also when they are
concerned with the impoitati6n 'of these materials and products, or
are affected by customs regulations. Import prohibitions may be
declared."

(A Ministerial Order on the sanitary control of imported plants
and plant products, signed by the Ministers of Agriculture and Finance,
was issued December 31, 1946.)

Chapter III, Articles 15-18, deals with inspection of nurseries.
Chapter IV, Articles 19-22, relates to import and export control.

Article 22 states that expenses of all types resulting from carry-
ing out sanitation measures applicable to imports of plants, plant pro-
ducts and other material which may introduce injurious animal or vegetal
organisms into France, must be borne by the importers, even when infested
products are refused entry or destroyed.

Chapter V, Articles 23-28 lists penalties and nullified laws and
decrees.



Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946

Minister of Agriculture

Defense measures against animal and vegetal parasites of plants.

Art. I Animal and vegetal parasites which are recognized as being
dangerous to French plant culture, are inscribed in the lists A.,A' and
B appended to the present order.
(The procedure to be followed in combatting the pests in the three
categories varies according to the danger involved. Export certification
is chiefly concerned with the pests listed under A and A'.

Art. 2 The importation of plants, or parts of plants, from
countries where the presence of any parasite listed on A or A' has been
noted, is forbidden.
A special import license may be granted, however, which will in-
dicate the conditions of entry and the special customs offices where
such an entry can be effected,
(In response to an inquiry as to how the special import licenses
would be issued for fresh fruit exported from the United States to
France, the French Ministry of Agriculture replied in April 1947 as
follows: (in translation)








"The decree of 8 March 1932 prohibits the (into jqw f) of
plant&,,Or--prts of plants, from d v with the
San Jose seLs.
"As for r .t derogation accorded b'Ore the
war is still valtd on o t that the fruit be accompanied by a
sanitation certif'izte and that the shipment be made direct from the
country of origin to the point of' entry into France."

Arts, 3 and 4 describe methods of control administered-by the
Service of Plant Protection and designate the responsible agencise-n,

Lists appended to Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946

A Parasites which must be destroyed at all times, in all places.

Insects

Acanthoscelides obtectus Say*, bean weevil
Callosobruchus maculatus (F.), cowpea weevil
Ceratitis capitata Wied., Mediterranean fruit fly
Chrysomphalus aonidum L., Florida red scale
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morg., dictyospermnum scale
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ., white peach scale
Dreyfusia nordmannianae Eckst., silver fir aphid
Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr., Argentine ant
Lampetia equestris F., narcissus bulb fly
Grapholitha molesta Busck, oriental fruit moth
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say, Colorado potato beetle
Lymantria monacha L., nun moth
Icerya purchasi Mask., cottony-cushion scale
Gnorimoschema operculella zello, potato tubeworm
Aspidlotus perniciosus Comet., San Jose scale

Phanerograms

Cuscuta sppe, dodder

Cryptogams, bacteria and viruses

Bacillus anylovorus (Burr.) TrevWI, fire blight
Endothia parasitica (Murr.) And. & And,; chestnut blight
Glomerella cingulata (Ston'.) Spauld. and Schrenk, bitter-rot
Melanconium feeligineum (Scrib. and Viala) Ca., bitter-rot
Nectria galligena Bres,, European canker
Phytomonas michiganense EFS., bacterial canker
Plowrightia morbosa (Schiv.) Sacc., black-knot
Rhabdocline pseudotsuga Syd., needle cast
Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc., potato wart
Chancre suintant du Peuplier, bleeding canker of poplar






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Maladies a virus de la Vigne, virus diseases of grape
Maladies a virus de la Pomme de Terre, virus diseases of potato

A' Foreign parasites for which special control measures are pre-
scribed in the event such parasites are introduced into France.

Blissus leucopterus Say, chinch bug
Chryeobothris mali Horn, Pacific flatheaded borer
Chrysobothris femorata 0liv., flatheaded apple tree borer
Conotrachelus Juglandis Lec.,
Conotrachelus nenuphar Herbst, plum curculio
Epilachna varivestis Nuls., Mexican bean beetle
Popillia japonica Newm., Japanese beetle
R.hagoletis pomonella Walsh, apple maggot
Phynchites heros Roelf, peach weevil

B Parasites and small animals, the multiplication of which may at
certain times become a danger calling for special measures in certain
defined a.,reas ,
(A i list of local interest but of no concern in export certi-
fioation )

Ministerial Order of December 31, 1946

Ministers of Agriculture and Finance

Organization of Sanitary Control of Imported Plants and Plant Products.

Article 1 The following plants and plant products from any source can
not enter French customs (except in international transit), until they
have been submitted at point of entry to the control of the Service of
Plant Protection, even if accompanied by phytosanitary certificates
issued by competent authorities in the country of origin or by certifi-
cates of origin.
Dried pulses (broad beans, peas, beans, lentils., and others)
Chestnuts
Fresh potatoes
Table fruits, fresh and naturally ripened
Fruits ripened by forcing
Table fruits and others' dried
Seeds (flowers, alfalfa, black medick, rye-grass, clover, beets
and others)
Cocoa beans, cocoa-bean shells, shoots and waste material
Coffee beans
Peppers





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Fresh vegetables
Living plants, flower bulbs, cut flowers and foliage, nursery
grown plants, trees and shrubs
Other plant products and waste not listed, such as. imshrooms.-
The same provisions apply to packing material that is being or
has been used for the transport of these products, and soil, hum.,
compost and manure intended for use in cultivation.
When, on being examined, any of the products show any evidence
of dangerous parasites that are included in the:-lists A and A' of the
order of August 1, 1946, the agent of .the Service of Plant Protection
will take all measures that he judges to be necessary.

Article 2 The Service of Plant Protection has authorIty to make a
complete or partial examination of all other vegetable products, crude
or manufactured, and their packing, to determine tho presence of para-
sites.


Article 3 The products listed in Article
through the following customs posts:
Ajaccio
Bordeaux
Cerbore
Dunkerque
Hendaye (rail or road)
Kohl Strasbourg
Le Havre
Marse ille


1 can be imported only

Nantes
Paris
Port-Vondres
Risquond-Tout (road)
Saint-Louis (rail or road)
Sete
Tourcoing
Vintimille


Article 4 Lists Decroae and Orders remaining in force,

Articles 5-7- Collection of inspection taxes.

Article 8 -'Abrogation of Order of 29 April 1935.

Article 9 -Designates responsible officers.



SPECIAL DECREES AND ORDERS

PHYLLOXERA REGULATIONS

Decree of May 15, 1882 implements the International Phylloxera
Convention signed at Berne November 3, 1881, and prohibits the importation
into France from the United States of grapevines, cuttings, leaves, used
vineyard props, composts and manures. The Berne Convention absolutely





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excluded rooted grapevines and cuttings from international circulation.
The phylloxera regulations provided for conditional importation of


plants other than grapevines.


However,


such importations


can now


made only under special


import license.


DODDER


(CUSCUTA spp.)


Decree of February 21 and Order of March 10,


The decree


prohibits the importation into France


of seeds


of the


plant parasite dodder (Cuscuta spp.). The prohibition applies also to
forage-crop seeds that upon inspection are found to contain dodder seeds;
especially alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), red clover (Trifolium pratense
L.), white clover (T7repens L,),alsike clover (T. hybridum L.),7Kidney
vetch (Anthyllis vulneraria L.), birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus
L.), and timothy (Phleum pratense L.)


The Order of March 10,


alfalfa and clover


1908 prescribes the method of sampling of


seed.


PCTATO WART


Decree of December 19,


the importat
endobiot icum


ion of potatoes


(Schilb.)


1910 and Order of June 10, 1924 prohibit
infected with wart disease (Synchytrium


Perc,)


WHITE PEACH SCALE


IDecree of October 12,


1913 modified by Decree


of April 201


restricts the entry of
duction of white peach


woody
scale


plants from Italy to prevent the intro-
(Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Targ.)


NUN MOTH


Decree of December 1,


1921 prohibits the


importation of forest


products from Czechoslovakia which might carry infestations of nun
moth (Lymantria monacha L.)


0
~~TA1 -


be


1908.


1920






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NEEDLE CAST OF CONIFERS

Decree of November 26, 1930 prohibits the importation of plants
and parts of plants belonging to the genera Abies, Picea, Pinus,
Pseudotsuga, and Tsuga from all countries on account of the danger of
introducing needle cast disease (Rhabdocline pseudotsugae Syd.)



SAN JOSE SCALE

Decree of March 8, 1932, subsequent orders and notices to importers.

The entry into and transit through France are prohibited of living
plants and living parts of plants (trees, shrubs, nursery products,
cuttings, etc.), including fresh fruit, as well as containers and pack-
.ni materials for such products, originating in or proceeding from the
United States, except such products intended forstudy and research
entered by permission of the Minister of Agriculture. (See Article 2
Cd Ministerial Order of August 1, 1946 for derogation of decree relat-
Mng to fresh fruits.) A notice to importers of May 4, 1932 requires
the shipper of fruit to France to obtain the certificate of inspection
n duplicate, one copy to accompany the shipment and the second to be
mailed direct to the Minister of Agriculture.



GRASS SEED FOR FORAGE

According to the law of January 11, 1932 as it appears in Supple-
ment No. 51 to the Bulletin of the International Bureau of the Universal
Postal Union, May 23, 1947, the importation into France is prohibited of:

(1) Mixed grass seeds for forage purposes:
(2) Grass seeds intended for forage but which are unfit for sowing,
The following are deemed unfit for sowing:
(1) Grass seeds containing more than 5 percent of soft chess
(Bromus mollis L.), or of annual fescue grasses (Festuca Section
Vulpia)
(2) Grass seeds that do not attain the following minimal per-
centages of purity and germination:

% purity % germinability

Agrostis spp., bent grass 50 50
Alopecurus pratensis L... meadow foxtail 50 45







um i


7 purity germinab

Anthoxanthumnodoratum L., sweet vernal grass 70 50
Avena elatior Arrhenatherum elatius (L,)
Mert. & Kock, tall oat grass 70 50
Avena flavescens Trisetum flavescens (L.)
Beauv. golden oat grass 50 45
Bromus pratensis B. commutatus Schrad.,
meadow brome grass 70 50
Cynosurus cristatus L., crested dogtail grass 80 60
Dactylis glomerata L., orchard grass 70 50
Festuca ovina L., sheeps fescue 70 50
Festuca pratuncis w F. elatior L,, meadow fescue 80 60
Festuca rubra var. heterophylla Mutel.,
various-leafed fescue 65 50
Holcus lanatus L., velvet grass 40 60
Lolium italicum L. multiflorum Lam.,
Italian rye grass 80 60
Lolium perenne L., English ryegrass 80 60
Lolium erenne var. a Sturtev., Pacey
ryegrass 80 60
rhleju.Pratense L., timothy 80 70
1-oa nemoralis L., wood meadow grass 70 50
o___a ratensis L., Kentucky bluegrass



BEES

According to Supplement No, 51 as above, bees, either as colonies
or queen bees, honey and beeswax in any form. may not enter France un-
less accompanied by a certificate of origin and freedom from disease
issued by a veterinary or some other qualified official authorized by
the government. The certificate must show that no contagious bee
d-iseases have occurred in the locality concerned for at least six
months previous to date of issue,





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

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