Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of Austria

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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of Austria
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Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.


B. E. P. Q.--402


June 13, 1936.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF THE


REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA


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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Washington, D. C.


B. z. P. q.--402


June 13, 1936.


PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF THE

REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA


This summary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of
the Republic of Austria has been prepared for the information of
nurseryment, plant-quarantine officials, and others interested in the
exportation of plant products to that country.

It was prepared by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Quarantine Inspector,
in Charge of Foreign Information Service, Division of Foreign Plant
Quarantines, from his translations of the original texts of regula-
tions promulgated to prevent the introduction into Austria of phylloxera,
San Jose scale, the apple maj.ot or fruit fly, Colorado potato beetle,
potato wart, and other injurious insects and diseases.

The information contained in this circular is believed to be
correct, but it is not intended to be interpreted as legally authorita-
tive.





LEM A. STRONG,
Chief, Bureau of Entomolozy and Plant Quarantine.







SUIIMIARY OF THE PLANT-QUARANTINE IMPORT RESTRICTIONS


OF THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA



OBJECTS OF AUSTRIAN PLANT QUARANTINE RESTRICTIONS

The plant quarantine restrictions of the Republic of Austria
are designed to prevent the introduction into, and distribution in,
Austria of phylloxera (Phylloxera Ivastatrixl vitifoliae Fitch),
San Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.), apple magot or fruit
fly (Rhagolctis poraonella Walsh), Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa
IDoryphorao decemlineata Say), potato wart (Chrysophlyctis endobiotica
Syn. Synchytrium endobioticumr (Schilb.) Perc.), and of other injurious
insects and diseases.



BASIC LAWS

International Phylloxera Convention of November 3, 1881, (R. G.
B1. No. 105 of 1882).
Customs Law of June 10, 1920, article 2, (St. G. Bl. No. 250,
1920).
Federal Law of July 12, 1929, part II, articles 12 and 13,
(B. G. Bl. No. 252, 1929).



CONCISE SUMMARY


Importation Prohibited

GRAPEVINE STOCKS and all parts of the grapevine, as well as composts,
used props and supports, phylloxera e;gs and live insects:
Importation prohibited from any country to prevent introduc-
tion of phylloxera. (International Phylloxera Convention of
Nov. 3, 1881; Ministerial decrees of July 15, 1882, Hay 1,
1883, Jan. 24, 1890, and Nov. 8, 1896.) See page 4.

PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS attacked by injurious plant pests and
diseases: Importation and transit prohibited. (Decree of
July 18, 1932, art. 1; B. G. Bl. 222, 1932.) See pages 5 & 6.

POTATOES, ROOTED PLANTS WITH SOIL, BULBS, TUBERS, RHIZOMES, AND CORMS,
TOMATOZ3, EGGPLANTS, and STRA'.TBERRIES, previously used packing
material, earth, and manurc, from the United States, Belgium,
and Continental European France: Importation prohibited
throughout the year. (Decree of July 18, 1932, as amended by
that of Dec. 19, 1935; B. G-. Bl. 222, 1932; see arts. 11 and
14, p. 5.)







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FRESH POTATOES: Importation and transit prohibited from countries
in which wart disease occurs, to prevent the introduction and
spread of that disease. (Decree of Jan. 9, 1930, art. 1; B.
G. 31. No. 25, 1930.)


Importation Restricted

PLANTS, SHRUBS, AND OTHER CULTURES, including scions, cuttings, etc.:
.Importation permitted if shipment is accompanied by a shipper's
declaration and a certificate affirming freedom from phylloxera
in the prescribed form. (International Phylloxera Convenition
of Nov. 3, 1881, mand Ministerial decrees of July 15, 1892,
May 1, 1883, Jan. 24., 1890, anid Nov. 8, 1896.) See pane 4.

FRUIT TRES AND BERRY-BEARING SHRUBS (deciduous), and OTHER DECIDUOUS
TREES AND SHRUBS, including stocks, scions, and cuttings: Im-
portation permitted if shipment accompanied by a phytosanitary
certificate and a disinfection certificate, to prevent the
introduction of San Jose scale and other injurious pests and
diseases. (Decree of July 18, 1932, art. 5; B. G. B1. 222,
1932.) See page 6.

PLANTS OTHER THAN THOSE INDICATED IN THE PRECEDING ITEM: Shipments
must be accompanied by an inspection certificate affirming
freedom from San Jose scale and other injurious pests and
diseases. (Decree of July 18, 1932, art. 6; B. G. Bl. 222,
1932.) See page 7.

PLANTS WITH BALLS OF EARTH: Importation and transit permitted of
shipments from the United States, Canada, and France (not
including Corsica and French overseas colonies) if accompanied
by certificates affirming not only freedom from San Jose
scale, but also from the Colorado beetle and other injurious
insects. (Decree of July 18, 1932, art. 6 (2); B. G. Bl.
222, 1932.) See page 7.

VEGETABLES AND TRUCK CROPS, other than potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants,
and strawberries, may be imported from the United States,
Belgium, and Continental European France from November 15 to
March 14 only. (Decree of July 18, 1932, as amended by that
of Dec. 19, 1935; see arts. 12 and 16, pp. 8 & 9.)

FRESH APPLES AND PEARS: Importation permitted from any country only
when certified as free fromra San Jose scale and apple fruit
fly. (Decree of July 18, 1932, art. 8; B. G. Bl. 222, 1932.)
See page 7.








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FRESH POTATOES .rown in south Europea:n and north African countries
and islands may be transported through France for importation
into Austria if accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate
and certificate of origin (Decree of July 18, 1932, art. 11
(3); B. G. Bl. 222, 1932.)

POThTOES, EGGPLANTS, AND TOMATOES FROI FRAJCE: Importation and
transit permitted under certification of freedom from Colorado
potato beetle. (Decree of June 15, 1929: B. G. Bl. 206,
1929.)

FRESH POTATOES FaOL:i COUTITRIES IN W{ICH WART DOES NOT OCCUR: Importa-
tion and transit permitted under prescribed conditions if
certified as to origin and freedom from wart and other in-
jurious diseases. (Decree of Jan. 9, 1930, art. 2; B. G.
Bl. 25, 1930.)

SEED POTATOES: Inr-ortation by rail permitted from any country not
infested with Colorado potato beetle under certificate of
origin and health and guaranty that they are select seed
potatoes. (Decree of Jan. 9, 1930, art. 4; B. G. Bl. 25,
1930.)


Importation Unrestricted

CUT FLOWERS, SEEDS, BULBS, FRUITS (EXCEPT GRAPES, APPLES, AND PEARS),
AND VEGETABLES: Importation and transit unrestricted.
(International Phylloxera Convention of Nov. 3, 1881, and
Ministerial decrees of July 15, 1882; May 1, 1883; Jan. 24,
1890, and 1iov. 8, 1896. See also Decree of July 18, 1932,
art. 8.) See pace 5.

CUT FLO-LERS, FRESH FRUITS (EXCEPT GRAPES, APPLES, AND PEARS), AND
OTHER FRUITS, PRESERVED OR DRIED FRUITS, VEGETABLES, ROOT-
CROPS, TUBERS (POTATOES), BULBS, RHIZOMES, AND OTHER SUB-
TEnR AlI[ PLANTS, AS WELL AS SEEDS, are not affected by
articles 5 to 9 of the Decree of July 18, 1932. (See art.
10 of that decree.) See page 7.

DRIED OR PROCESSED PLANT I-PRODUCTS: Importation and transit not
affected by articles 11 to 13 of Decree of July 18, 1932.
(Art. 10 of that decree and art. 3 of the decree of June
15, 1929.) See p:ces 7 & 8.








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RESTRICTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF PHYLLOXERA

Based upon the International Phylloxera Convention of Berne,
November 3, 1881, the following restrictions were promulgated by thc
Ministerial Decrees of July 15, 1882, May 1, 1883, January 24, 1890,
and November S, 1896.


Importation and Transit of Grapevines Prohibited

The importation into and transit through Federal territory
is prohibited from any country of:

Grapevines, including stocks and cuttings, with or without
roots;
Grapevine stems, dry or fresh, whole or parts, leaves;
Any shipment containing leaves or stems of grapevines;
Composts, used props or supports, phylloxera e^gs or
live insects.


Importation and Transit of Table Grapes Permitted

The importation and transit are permitted of table grapes
in well-packed boxes, cases, or baskets, as well as in barrels of
any size, which are easy to open for inspection, if free from
grapevine stems and leaves.


Importation of Plants and Parts Thereof
Permitted under Restriction

Shipper's Declaration and hFnylloxera Certificate Required

Plants, shrubs, and other cultures, including scions, cuttings,
etc., from nurseries, gardens, greenhouses, hotbeds, orangeries, etc.,
except the grapevine, may be imported under the following conditionst-

1. Those products must be securely packed in such a
manner that the necessary inspections can be made;
2. Bach consignment must be accompanied by a shipper's
declaration furnishing the following data--

(a) Affirming that the entire contents of the
consignment are from his establishment;
(b) Indicating the destination and the address
of the consignee;
(c) Affirming that the consignment contains no
grapevines;







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(d) Indicating '.dther or not the col-si,,iL,t
includes plants with earth on the roots;
(o) Bcarinr tho sign-tuio of the shi;per.

3. Each consigrLw int must be accompanied also by aU in-
spection certificate issued by a competent authority
of the country of origin certifying--

(a) That the plants are from ground separated
from any grapevine stocks by at least 20
meters, or by some obstacle to the roots
doee.ed sufficient by competent authority;
(b) that the ground itself contains no grape-
vines;
(c) that the place has not been used as a depot
for grapevines;
(d) that if stocks infested with phylloxera have
Luon thrown there, their complete extirpation
has been effected by repeated toxic applica-
tions and investigations for a period of
three years, insuring the total destruction
of these insects and of roots.


Cut Flowers, Seeds, Bulbs, Fruits (except raripes), aind
Vegetables, Irportation and Transit Unrestricted

The irmortntion and transit of cut flowers, seeds, and bulbs
free from earth, grape seeds, wine, fruits of any kind (except
grapes), and vegetables is unrestricted by the phylloxera regulations
and entry may be made through any customs port of entry. (See also
art. 8, decree of July 1S, 1932, on apples and pears, p. 7.)



GE1ERZAL RESTRICTIONS 0N THE IMPORTATION OF PLAinTS AND
PLA1iT PRODUCTS

The following restrictions upon the ir.inortation into. and
transit through, the Federal territory of Austria wore imposed
by decree No. 222 of the Federal MiAister of Agriculture and Forestry
in cooperation with the Minister of Finance, of July 18, 1932
B. G. Bl. No. 222 of 1932) as a-Le.dzd by decree No. 483, effective
January 1, 1936 (B. G. Bl. No. 131, Dec. 19, 1935), on the basis of
Article 2 of the Customs Law of June 10, 1920 (St. G. Bl. No. 250
of 1920), and of article 12 of the Plant Protection Law of July
12, 1929 (B. G. Bl. No. 252 of 1929).








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Shipments Attacked by Plant Pests or Diseases
Inrrortation Prohibited

Article 1. The importation into, or transit through, Austrian
Federal territory is prohibited of shipments of any kind, from
foreign countries, which are attacked by an injurious plant pest
or disease, and which may cause the introduction of such a pest or
disease.

Arts. 2 and 3 prescribe that all plant quarantine require-
ments shall be met at the frontier port of entry and provide for
the inspection of shipments from foreign countries.



SPECIAL REGULATIONS
COIICERlIING PARTICULAR PLANT PESTS AND DISEASES


Potato Wart and Phylloxera

Art. 4. Prescribes that the special provisions for protec-
tion against potato wart and phylloxera shall not be affected by
this decree.


San Jose Scale and Apple Fr-ait Fly

Inspection Certificate and Disinfection Required

Art. 5. (1). The importation from any country into Federal
territory of deciduous fruit trees and berry-bearing shrubs, as
well as of other deciduous trees and shrubs, including stocks, slips,
cuttings, and scions thereof, is permissible only when each shipment-

(1) Is accompanied by a certificate issued by the official
plant protection service of the exporting country,
declaring that: (a) Upon inspection it has been
found free from injurious plant pests and diseases;
and (b) in the exporting country an effective disin-
fection with hydrocyanic acid gas was carried out, in
connection with which each plant or package
(bale, basket, packet, etc.) was provided with a
seal of the official plant protection service
(the impression of which is to be borne by the
certificate) in such a manner that a substitution
of the plants for others is precluded, and
(2) The shipment corresponds to those conditioiffIRM AR Ap

STATE p BOA








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Certificates Required with Plants
Other Th.a Those 'oMentioned in Article 5, (i)

Art. 6, (1). Without prejudice to the exception in article
10, each shipment of living plants and parts of plants, other than
those indicated in article 5 (1), r.must be accompanied by a certificate
issued by the plant protection service of the exporting country,
affir:,inr that upon inspection they were found free from San Jose
scale and other injurious pests and diseases.
(2) However, shipments of rooted plants and parts
of plants with balls of earth fall also under the provisions of
article 12.


Importation by Rail, Water, and Mail Pernlitted

Art. 7. The irx-'ortation of shipm'nts of all the kinds
referred to in articles 5 and 6 is peri.ittod by rail, water, and
mail only.


Inspection Certificate Required for Ap.los and Pears

Art. 8. The impn-ortation of apples, pears, aid refuse or
waste from those fruits, from any country into Federal territory,
is perm.issible only when each shipment is accompanied by a certificate
issued by the plant inspection service of the country of origin,
affirming that, upon inspection, they were found free from San
Jose scale (Aspidiotus perniciosus), and apple fruit fly or raagot
(Rhaioletis pomonella).


Transit Restrictions

Art. 9. (i) The provisions of articles 5-(l), 6, 7, Fnd 8
aply also to transit traffic through Federal territory.

(2) The transit of shipments of the kinds indicated
in articles 5, 6, and g, which when effected by rail, ship, or mail,
is exempt from the special import restrictions when such shipcicnts
are transported in closed undana,;ed containers or wrappers, or in
sealed cars on a throuw3h bill of lading from one foreign country
to another.

Unrestricted Products

Art. 10. The traffic restrictions of articles 5 to 9 do not
apply to cut flowers, fresh fruits (other than apples and pears),











and other fruits, preserved fruits, dried fruits, vouetables, root
crops, tubers (potatoes), bulbs, rhizomes, and other subterranean
parts of plants, as well as seeds.



RESTRICTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF THE COLORADO POTATO BEETLE

Importation Prohibited of Subterranean Plant Parts, including
potatoes, also of tomatoes, ejgplants, and strawberries, from
United States, Canada, Belgium, and Continental European France

Art. 11. The im'ortation and transit of fresh potatoes,
rooted plants (parts of plants) with balls of earth, bulbs, tubers,
rhizomes, and corns, as well as tomatoes, exiplants, and strawberries
from certain countries, to be named (see art. 16), that are already
invaded by the Colorado beetle or menaced by it, into or through
the Federal territory is prohibited throughout the year.

Art. 12. The im-ortation and transit of other vegetables
and truck crops from the above-named countries into or through the
Federal territory is for the present permitted only from November
15 to March 14.

Art. 13. The importation and transit of shipments of the
kinds indicated in articles 11 and 12, which are only transported
in transit through the countries referred to in article 11, but
which do not originate there, are permitted into or through the
Federal territory without regard to the provisions of the potato
wart law and the decree pronrulgated thereunder, for the present
only from November 15 to March 14 and on condition that their origin
is apparent from the freight documents or from a phytosanitary
certificate of origin issued by the plant protection service of the
country of origin or a special declaration of a customs authority
of a railroad or port.

Previously used Packing Materials, Earth, and Manure
Entry and Transit Prohibited

Art. 14. Wrappers and materials of any kind which have
served for packing or storing the products, or refuse thereof,
referred to in articles 11 and 12, leaves and other refuse
(peelings), as well as earth, manure, and compost, from the countries
named in article 16, are excluded from entry into, and transit through,
the Federal territory.









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Dried or Processed Plant Products
Importation and Transit not Restricted

Art. 15. The traffic restrictions of articles 11 to 13 do
not ap-lI to shipments of dried products and processed foods, such
as dried potatoes, potato flour, ca,-.,,.d tomatoes, and vegetables, etc.


Countries in which Colorado Beetle Occurs

Art. 16. As countries (localities) which are now infested
by the Colorado potato beetle (art. 11), thile United States of North
A.erica, Canada, Belgium., and Continental Europeman France are so
declared.

IhL necessary, the foregoing relations may be extended
to other countries that may becornu infested or menaced by that pest.


Clearance of Transit Shipmrents

Art. 17. Any shipment affected by this decree, which is
intended by the shipper for transit, may be cleared through the
customs in the Federal territory only Vwhen it is treated, in ac-
cordance with the corresponding- kind of shipment r.aon, those
mentioned in articles 5, 6, g, 12, and 13, and the above-described
certificate, or an import permit, may be produced in particular
cases for such a shipment.


Certificate Required in Ger.Uan
and in the Lanraeo of Country of Origin

Art. 18. (1) The official certificate prescribed in this
decree must be furnished both in the language of the country of
origin and in German, or be provided with a certified translation
in German. The date of the certificate shall not be more than
three weeks prior to the date of shipment.

Diversion of Shipilonts to Prevent Introduction
of Sa-. Jose Scale and Apple Fruit Fly

Art. 19. The Federal Ministry of AEpriculture and Forestry
may divert the entry and transit of shipraents Governed by the
preceding regulations, if through them an introduction of San Jose
scale or apple fruit fly is to be apprehended.





V







10 -



Art. 20. Penalties.

Art. 21. Revocation of earlier cdecroos.






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA f

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