Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of Brazil

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Plant-quarantine import restrictions of the Republic of Brazil
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Strong, Lee A
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
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United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine ( Washington, D.C )
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UNITED SThT2S 5PAJW1EIJT OF AGBICULTUE
Bureau of Entomologiy and Plant quarantine
Washington, D. C.


July 19, 19K5.


B. E. P. Q.--379
Supersedin- P. Q. C. A.--294












PLANT-QUARAi T TL E IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

OF THE


REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL

















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013











http://archive.org/details/brazilrepub35unit









Ureu oTfEnt DERTlogan OF AGRICULTLrMt-i
Bureau of sntomrology and Plant C-uriCntine
-7ashinr-ton, D. C.


July 19, 1935.


B. E. P. Q.-37 C
Su-p-rsedinf P. Q. C. A.--294


PLANT-QUARAITTI]E I: PORT RESTRICTIOiTS

OF THE

REiPULIC OF 7Tj-RIL


This s'-L=ary of the plant-quarantine import restrictions of the
Republic of J razil has been prepared for the information of nurserymen,
plant quarantine officials, and others interested in the exportation
of plants and plant products to that country. It includes the regula-
tions of chapters I and II of Drazilian decree No. 24114 of April 12,
1254, pertuinin, to the importation of plants and plant products (super-
sedin. decree Ho. 15189 of Dec. 21, 1921 and those of the resolution of
'cv. 19, 1934).

The sumin ary was compiled by Harry B. Shaw, Plant Cuarantine In-
spector in charge of Foreirjn Service Information of the Division of For-
eign Plant Quarantines, from his translations of the original texts, and
reviewed by Ing. Aron. Eugenio G. Bruck, Assistant, Brazilian Plant
Protection Service (Servico de Defesa Sanitaria Vegetal).

The information contained in this circular is believed to be cor-
rect and complete up to the time of publication, but it is not intended
to be used independently of, nor as a substitute for, the original texts
of the decrees, and it is not to be interpreted as legally authoritative.
.The decrees themselves should be consulted for the exact t.xts.




!EZ A. STRONMr,
Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.








PLAITT-QUA.kRANT1i IMPORT RESTRICTION IS

OF rHE

REPUBTLIC OF BRAZIL


BASIC LEGISLATION

Decree No. 14556, September 15, 1920 (Art. 10), Regulations of the Bio-
logical Institute of Agricultural Protection.
Decree No. 15189, December 21, 1921, iRegulations of the Plant Protection
Service.
Decree 1Io. 24114, April 12, 1934, Regculations of the Plant Protection
Service.


CONCISE STIi RY


1rPORTATION, CO;iRCE, TRANSIT, AiID XPORTATION PPOTTII-TD

(Decree No. 24114, of i pr. 12, 1934, art. 1, p. 5)


PLdJTS 1JJD PJiTS OF PLANTS, including stocks, scions, cuttings, layers,
fruits, seeds, roots, tubers, tulbs, rhizomes, leaves, and flowers,
if they are carriers of injurious diseases and pests.

LIVE 'SECTS, mites, nematodes, and other harmful plant parasites, in
any stage of development.

CULTURES OF BOCTERIA, and funri injurious to plants.

CASES, T0:'*:S, SACNS, or other packing materials that may have served for
the transportation of the products named in this article,

SOILS, COMPOSTS, OR PLANT PRODUCTS that may contain cryptogams, insects,
or other liaraful plant parasites in any stage of development,
whether or not they accompany live plants.


IMPORTATION PROHIhITMD FRO: I ALL COU4 TRDIS

(Resolution of Nov. 19, 1954, art, 1, p. 10)

BANLANA (:Tusa spp.): Seedlincs and pseudo-bulbs (bits).

COCOA (Theobroina cacao L.): Stocks, fruits, and seeds.

COFFEE (Coffea sp,.): Stocks, berries, and seeds; seedlings of other
ilubiaceae.









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COTTOUSI7D AjiD SL- COTTONI (ossypim spp.).

RTY'ACEAE: Including stocks, seeds, and buds of the -enera Citrus, Pon-
cirus, Fortunella, Evodia, Melicope, Casimorca, an.u Toddalia.

S?'"ARCAINE (Saccharum officinarum L.): Seedlinf-s, cuttinf-s, and sceds.


IL.2POPTk-ION PROHIBITED FROIL PARTICULAR COUI:JIES

EXUCALYPTUS: Seeds and. stocks produced in .trgentina, Australia, Uew Zea-
land, and the Union of South Africa.


IMPORTATIO RE3TRICTED

PLI ITS AI-D PLAT PRODUCTS OTEMRWISE PROHIFITD may be imported by the
Ministry of Agriculture for experimental purposes. (Decree l1o.
24114, Apr. 12, 1934, art. 1 (2); Resolution of NIov. 19, 1J54,
art. 1 (1).) See p. 10.

USFL= IIISCTS, BACTERIA, AID FUEGI: Impcrtation may be permitted by
the 1Linistry of Agriculture tlou.-h an order. (Decree 17o. 24114,
Apr. 12, 1934, art. i (3).) ;eo p. 4.

ALFALFA (Nedica(;o spp.), and CLOVER (Trifolium spp.) seeds: Federal phy-
tosanitary certificate, also declaring freedom from dodder seeds
(Cuscuta spp.). (Resolution of Nov. 19, 1954, art. 2.) See p. 10.

COTTON (Gossypium spp.), and BROOMCORNT, Holcus (Andropogon) sorphum var.
technicus L.: Federal fumigation certificate required. (x esolu-
tion nf Nov. 19, 1954, art. 5.) See p. 11.

CORI! (Zea mays L.): Federal phytosanitary certificate affirming that the
corn included in the shipment originated in a region free from
European corn bcrer (Pyrausta nubilalis Hlubn.). (Resolution of
Nov. 19, 1934, art. 4.) See p. 11.

POT.TOES (Solanum tuberosum L.): Federal certificate affirmin- freedom
from Synch.ytrium endobioticum (>cihilb.) Perc., Spon'-ospora sub-
terranea (Tahr.) Johnson, Gnorimoschema operculella Lell., and
Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say. resolutionn of ITov. 19, 1934,
art. 3.) S9e p. 10.

SED POTE.T0OS: To be officially certified also as to the freedom of the
crop frnrmn virus diseases and that the tubers have been disinfected.
(Resolution of Nov. 19, 1934, art. 3 (1); Decree No. 21734,
Aur.. 16, 1932.) See D. 13.







-3-


IMPORTATION UI ESTRICTED

.iL'TOTL'S, Prunus (Amygdalus) communis L.; anise (Pimpinella anisum L.),
bird seeds, cloves, India (Eugenia arnmatica (L.) 0. Kze.),
cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.), garlic (Allium sativumr L) ,
millet (Chaetochloa italica (L.) ScriTbn.), nuts, hazel (Corylus
spp.), onions (Allium cepa L.), and pepper, black (Piper
nigrum L.). (Resolution of Nov. 19, 1934, art. 6.) See pp. 11 & 12.

BARLEY (ihordeum vulgare L.), oats (Avena sativa L.), rye (Secale
cereale L.T, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and flax seed
Linum usitatissimum L.) for human consumption and industrial
purposes. (Resolution of Nov. 19, 1934, art. 6 (1).) See p. 12.



GMNTRAL REGULATE OITNS

(Promulgated by Decree No. 24114 of Apr. 12, 1934, superseding those of
Decree ITo. 15189 'f Dec. 21, 1921.)


IMPORTATION PEOHIT 7ED

Article 1. Under the conditions hereinafter prescribed, the
importation, corLmerce, transit, and exportation are prohibited of:

(a) Plants and parts of plants, such as stocks, scions,
cuttings, layers, fruits, seeds, roots, tubers, bulbs,
rhizomes, leaves, and flowers, .hen they are carriers
of injurious diseases and pests;

(b) Live insects, mites, nematodes, and other harmful plant
parasites, in any stage of development;

(c) Cultures of bacteria and fungi injurious to plants;

(d) Cases, sacks, or other packing materials which may
have served for the transportation rf the products
named in this article;

(e) Soils, composts, or plant products that may contain
cryptor-sms, insects, or other harmful plant parasites
in any stL,-e of development, wlhether or not they accom-
pany living plants.


PLANTS 'ITH SOIL TO BE DISINFECTED

(1) Certain species of plants, according to the judgment of the Plant










Protection Service (Servico de Defesa Sanitaria Veretal), may be drmitted
to importation with soil subject to obligatory disinfection and the sub-
stitution of the soil on arrival.


II.ORTATION OF P:-OHI31i.,, PLINT T{DRIJL
FOR 2P,'3RIr'AL FIRO}ES

(2) The Ministry of Agriculture may permit the importation of the plant
material ringed in parafrraphs a, b, c, and e of this article, only for ex-
perimental purposes in scientific establishments of Frazil, subject to
preventive measures which vill be prescribed in each case by the Uation'l
Council for Agricultural Protection (Conselho Nacional de Defesa Arricola).


USEFUL I1;SECTS, B-CTRIIA, AND FUijGI ADMITTED

(3) The Ministry of Agriculture may permit, by Order, after hearing
the National Council fox' Agricultural Protection, the introduction into
the country of species of insects, funri, bacteria, etc., recognized as
useful, to which the prohibitions under letters b and c of this article
do not apply.


SPECIAL RZSTRICTIOIS OR POHitrITIOI'S IAY BE STALISHED

Art. 2. Independently of the provisions of article 1, the :Iinis-
try of Arriculture may prohibit, or establish special conditions for the
importation of any plant, part thereof, or agricultural product which
proceeds from any country suspected of bcinr or which actually is invaded
by diseases and pests whose introduction into the country may constitute
a menace to the national cultures.

The Ministry of Agriculture will determine, by Order, which products
and respective countries of origin are comprehended within this article.


IMPORTATION R7TRICTED
OF
PLA1TTS AITD PARTS OF PLANTS


AUTiHORIZED PORTS OF flTTRY

Art. 5. The importation of plants and parts of plants will be per-
mitted only through ports and frontier stations in which the Plant Prctec-
tion Service s.iall have been established.

The Ministry of Agriculture will determine periodically, by Order,
which ports and frontier stations have been equipped for the purposes of
this article. (See article 7, Resolk-tion of Nov. 19, 1934.)






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CjJUIRT3E:TS FOR CONSULAR VISA

Art. 4. Brazilian consuls in foreign countries will not legal-
ize invoices for plants or parts of plants unless all the requirements
of Brazilian phytosanitary legislation have been complied with.

Art. 5. Besides other measures that have been taken by the Min-
istry of agriculture, consuls must observe the following:

(a) Require, for the legalization of invoices, that there
be presented to him for visa the official certificate
of origin and plant health issued by the competent
authority of the Plant Protection Service of the country
of origin.

(b) Require with the phytosanitary certificates the special
declarations established by Orders of the Ministry of
Agriculture for the importation of certain species and
plant products.


C=TIICATES INOT RZQLUrHI TTH PLAiT PRODUCTS ITh=Ui'ID
FOR FOOD, 'LJTUAC7UIING, AV7 I:IICIITAL PURPOSES

(c) Dispense with the phytosanitary certificate only when
products intended for food, manufacturing, medicinal,
and ornamental purposes are concerned, Thich in the
terms of article 13 have unrestricted entry into Brazil,
in virtue of Orders of the ministry y of Agriculture.

(d) Ascertain, in accordance with article 3, whether the
products to be exported (to Brazil) are intended for a
port or frontier station at which the Plant Protec-
tion Service is established.

(e) Determine whether or not the plants or parts of plants
are included in prohibitions established by these reg-
ulations or by Orders of the 1Iinistry of Agriculture.

(f) Grant invoices for products whose importation is pro-
hibited only when authorized, to do so by the Ministry
of Agriculture, through the intermediary of Foreign Re-
lations.


NOTICE OF ARRIVAL

Art. 6. For the purposes of these regulations, the Ministry of
Finance, through its customhouses and stations, will immediately notify
the technical official of the plant protection service having jurisdic-







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tion in the port or frontier station, of the arrival and foreign source
of mrifin of any plants or parts of plants.

Identical notification will be made by the Ministry of Supervi-
sion and Public -forks (I.,inisterio da Viacao e Obras Publicas), tlhrcu,'h
the Department of Posts and Telerraphs (Departamento dos Correios e
Telegrafos), with respect to plants and parts of plants imported by mail.


11NO RMIASE OF PLA&N I&TIIA.L '7THIOTY2 TEC>::ICAL AUI:0!,.IZATION

Art. 7, In no case will the Departments referred to in the preced-
ing article permit the clearance of plants or parts of plants without the
respective authorization of the technical official of the Plant Protection
Service.

(1) That authorization will be obtained through an applica-
tion by the importer or his broker, vho will furnish the
following to that official:

(a) The certificate of origin and plant health of the
country of origin, legalized by the Brazilian
consul;
(b) Complete information on the products to be cleared,
including that necessary to establish their identity.


CHARACTERS OF PHYTOSAIITARY CERTIFICATE l/

(2) The certificate in question must be signed by the com-
petent authority of the plant protection service of the
exporting country and indicate:

(a) Quantity and kind of containers;



1/ NOTE: The Brazilian phytosanitary certificate is identical with that
approved by the International Convention for Plant Protection and a certi-
ficate based upon that is acceptable to the Brazilian Department of Agri-
culture. Only certificates issued by the United States Federal Department
of Agriculture are acceptable.
The essential part of the text of the certificate adopted by the
Convention, as applicable to Brazil, is:
"The undersigned, (name and official title) certifies, in con-
formity with the results of the inspection of products in-
cluded in the shipment, that the plants or parts nf plants
contained in the shipment described below are deemed free
from injurious diseases and pests."








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(b) ':eirht and marks;

(c) Vessel and date of sailing;

(d) Description of plants and parts of plants;

(e) Place where grrown;

(f) Name of exporter;

(g) Name and address of consignee;

(h) Date of inspection;

(i) Attestation that the products exported are deemed
free from diseases and pests injurious to crops.


CTTIJ'ICATE -, OT OBLIGATORY FOi SMALL IL OR BAGGAGE H IPI' _TS

Art. 8. The certification requirements of the preceding article
may be dispensed with for small shipments of plants and parts of plants
imported by mail, includinr- mail orders, registered mail, samples without
value, etc., or those carried in the ba- ra.-e of passengers from foreign count
tries; meanwhile such products are not allowed to be disembarked without t
competent inspection by the Plant Protection Service. (Circular No. 51,
of Aug. 30, 1930, makes the provisions cf this article applicable to ship-
ments of plant products imported by air Mail.)

(1) The Ministry of Agriculture can limit the quantity and establish
conditions under which he will permit the certificate to be dispensed
with under the terms of this article.


P:.iSSC_ 3ER C :.U3'T DCECLE.J PLAIT I -iRIAL IF BAGGAGE

(2) Passengers from foreign countries who carry plants, seeds, cuttings,
rhizomes, tubers, fruits, etc., in tiieir ba,-gaKe are re.qired to declare
them to the customs authorities for the pur-ose of a phytosanitary insece-
tion, holi'in,; such material until co.mpetent inspection and release have
been effected by technical officials of the Plant Protection Sorvice.

(3) In case of concealment or false declaration, the violators are sub-
ject to the confiscation of the products, in addition to other penalties
provided by law.

Art. '. The requirements of the precedint articles having been met,
the technical official of the Plant Protection Service will proceed to in-
spect the imported products, autLorizint, their release on confirmation of
compliance with the provisions of articles 1 and 2.










Live plants and plant products which rapidly deteriorate will have
precedence in inspection on arrival.


DISPOSAL OF PPOHIBITED PLk!IT MATERIAL

Art. 10, On inspection upon arrival, if it be found that the
plants or parts of plants are included in the prohibition of articles 1
a.nd 2, they rill be at once put under the supervision of the Plant Pro-
tection Service in a place indicated by that Service.

(1) Such products will be reembarked within 15 days, and if not ex-
ported within that period, they will be disinfected or destroyed.

(2) The expense involved by the requirements of this article shall be
borne by the interested person without right of indemnity.

(3) If injurious pests or diseases, or those which are easily dis-
tributed, are concerned, the Plant Protection Service will irnucdiiately
seize and destroy the condcrmed products.

(4) The disinfection, removal, and destruction of condemned products
will be effected by the Plant Protection Service or, in ports where thIt
Service is not represented, by the customs.


CONDITIONS UNDER IC DIS7TECTIOIT IS RE,77IED

Art. 11. Imported plant products, infected or infested with func-i,
insects, ur other parasites, or even suspected of being carriers of such
parasites, which already exist or are distributed in Brazil and are re-
garded as of secondary importance, may be released after being disinfected
or sterilized in accordance with conditions prescribed by the Ministry of
Agriculture.

If the infection or infestation referred to in this article is of
great intensity, the plants or parts of plants will be subject to the
provisions of article 10.


PLANTS FROM SUSPECTED COUI.RIES TO BE HELD I CUJA/ITI1Z

Art. 12. Plants or parts of plants from suspected countries
or localities, or whose sanitary condition on arrival is doubtful, may be
planted in quarantine in an official establishment, or in a place offering
the necessary guaranties, in the judqnent of the Plant Protection Service,
which will keep tLho. under supervision and. .ill not per:.it their removal
without previous authorization.

Art. 13. The Ministry of Agriculture will determine, by Order,
which plant products intended for food, manufacturing, medicinal, cr







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ornamental purposes, whose unrestricted entry into Brazil does not con-
stitute a menace to the national cultures, may be exempted from some or
all of the requirements of the present regulations.


DEFECTIVE CERTIFICATE INVOLVES BOND

Art. 14. For errors or imperfections in the phytosanitary cer-
tificates required by these regulations for the importation of plants
or parts of plants, the importer may be allowed, at the discretion of
the ITinistry of Agriculture, to give a bond of responsibility and cash se-
curity under conditions to be fixed later and within a predetermined period
and certified accordingly.

(1) The permission referred to in this article will be granted only for
products which do not fall within the provisions of article 1 or within
measures of exclusion in force.

(2) The conditions and fees required for the concession referred to in
this article will be regulated by special orders.

Art. 15. Penalties.


SPECIAL QT.--A'TI.-E3

The special quarantines of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture
vere codified by the Resolution of November 19, 1934, as follows:



II.POR TATION PROHIBITED

Article 1. The importation is prohibited from any country, into any
part of the national territory, of the following plants and parts of plants:

(a) Cottonseed and seed cotton (GOossypium spp.); to prevent
the introduction of the boll weevil, Anithonomus grandis
Boh. and other pests.
(b) iananiia (1.jsa spp.) seedlings and pseudo-bilbs (bits);
to prevent the introduction of the Panama disease,
Fusarium cubense E. F. Sm.
(c) Coffee (Coffea spp.): Stocks (seedling-s), berries, seeds;
seedlings of other Rubiaceae; to prevent the introduction
of the rust, !{emileia vastatrix B. and Br. and Hypothenemus
sp., a beetle.
(d) Stocks, fruits, and seeds of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.);
to prevent the introduction cf pitchess' broom, -xoascus
theobromae Ritz. Bos, and I.Marasmius pernicinsus Stahel,
etc.










(e) S;.5l1in's, cuttinrs, end seeds of sugarcane (Saccharum
ofl'ficinarum L.); to prevent the intr.-duction r" virus
diseases, the Luropean corn borer, Pyrausta nubilqlis
!Ibn., etc.
(f) Seeds, buds, and stocks of the genera Citrus, Poncirus,
Fortunella, and other genera of the far7il7- Rutaceae, as
well as of the renera .'vodia, Melicope, Cusirinoroa, and
Toddalia, ulsn of the same family; to prevent the in-
trc'J'-ction of citrus canker, Bacterium citri Ff-sse.
(j) Seeds and stocks of Z)'calyptus produced in .xgentina,
Australia, New Zealand, and the Union of South Afric_.


PROHIBITED PLAITS IKAY BE IP-ORT) .Y DEPRT71ZT 07' AGRIC71TTrRE

(1) The Ministry of Arriculture reserves the rirht to imnort the plants
and parts of plants mentioned in this article in small quantities, cr to
authorize State governments to import then for cultural experiments in
their teci-nico-experimental establishments, observing, however, protective
measures prescribed by the Plant Protection Service (Servico de Defesa
Sanitaria Vegetal).

(2) The Ministry of Agriculture may import plant species mentioned
in this article on the application and for the account of private persons,
the importations being subject to conditions prescribed by the Plant Pro-
tection Service. Such plants will be grown in quarantine in official
establishments of the Ministry, anl only the respective prorfeny ef the
planting may be delivered to the interested person.


ALFALFA AND CLOVER =ELDS R'ST 3BE FRE3 FROM DODDR

A.rt. 2. The importation is prohibited, under the provision "f
article 2 of Decree Ho. 24114, of April 12, 1934, of seeds of alfalfa
(J-;edicago sativa L.) and of other leguminous forage-crop seeds if the
required phytcs:'nitary certificate does not include a declaration that
such seeds are free from dodder (Cuscuta seeds).


CE-RTI FI CATE REQUIThD FOR POTATOES

Art. 3. Under the terms of article 2 of the above-mentioned
decree, importation is prohibited of potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum
L.) that are not accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate affirring
that they ori,.inated in a locality free from the followin'- parasites:
Potato w;art, S"-iyCitrium endobioticum (Schilb.) Perc.; powdery scab,
Spoiinospora subcrrane, ( ah..) Johnson; potato tuber worm, (Phth'rimaea)
Gnorirmoschema operculella Zell.; and the Colorado potato beetle, Lepti-
notarsa dcceinlineata Say.







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S3D POTATOES MUST FE CMRTIFI-ED AS F7E FROI VIPU, )UT.3"A&ES

(1) There seed potatoes are concerned, in addition to the above-
mentioned phytosanitary certificate, they must be accompanied by s cer-
tificate issued by the Ministry of Agriculture of the producing country,
declarin: that they proceed from an establishment that grows seed po-
tatoes, officially controlled (supervised) against the so-called degen-
eration or virus diseases. (See Decree No. 21734 of Aug. 16, 1932,
pp. 15 and 16.)


PORT OF '_:TRY FO?. POTATOES FROM SPAIN AND PORTUGAL

(2) The importation of potatoes from Spain and Portugal exclusively
for consumption, will be permitted through the port of Rio de Jan eiro
alone.

(3) For the purposes of the preceding paragraph, in addition to the
phytosanitary certificate, the presentation of a certificate of disinfec-
tion is indispensable; both certificates must be visaed by the Brazilian
Consulate at the port of embarkation, to prevent the introduction of the
potato tuber worm, Gnorimoschema operculella, and powdery scab, Spongo-
spor a subterranea.


EIROPEAN CORN BORER CETIFICATE REQUIRED FOR SEM CO0:1I

Art. 4. Under the terms of article 2 of Decree No. 24114 the im-
portation of corn seed (Zea mays L.) is prohibited in the abseiice of a
declaration on the required phytosanitary certificate that the corn in-
cLuded in the shipment originated in a region free from the -2uropean corn
borer, Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.


FJI1GATION CERTIFICATE REQUIRED TITH COTTON AND BROOMCORN

Art. 5. Under the terms of article 2 of the above-mentioned Decree
No. 24114, the importation of raw cotton and cotton wastes, as well as of
straw and panicles of broomcorn, Andropogon sorghum var. technicus, is
prohibited, unless accompanied by a fumigation certificate.

In the absence of this certificate, or if the certificate does not
offer the necessary guaranty, fumigation may be effected at the port of
arrival if a properly equipped station or post exists at the port of arrival.


IM'2ORTATION OF CERTAIIT PLANT P??ODUCTS JRESTRICT7Z

Art. 6. Under the terms of article 13 of the above-mentioned Decree
No. 24114 a phytosanitary certificate is not required for the importation






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of the following: p-oducts: ALmcnds (.-y,,dalus c-riu-unis L.), Anise (Pim-
pinea11i anisun L.), bird seeds, cloves, India (LucUnia aror-atica (L.T-.
K'e.), cuninCuminu yminum L.), garlic (Allium sativ L.) millet
(Cihaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn.), nuts, hazel (Corylus spp.), onions
(Allium cepa L.), pepe r, black (Piper nirrum L.).


CEREALS FOR CONSUMPTION .U"D IJI&JFACMITU URST:ICTLD

(1) The cereals, barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), oats (Avena sativa L.),
rye (Secale cereal L.) viheat Triticum aestivum L.), and flax seed (Lirnir
usitatissimumL.), are included in the concession established by this article
when imported for human consumption or for industrial purposes (stock fereds,
industrial ferment products, etc.).

(2) Persons interested in the concession prescribed by the preceding
paragraph shall sirn an undertaking to the Plant Protection Service at the
port through whichc h entry is made that the grains and seeds abcve referred
to will not be used for planting.

(3) Tht products mentioned in this article hall be released from the
customs only on the authorization of the Plant Protection Service.


AUTHORIZED POiRTS OF T-TRY

Art. 7. The importation, under the terms of article 3 nf Decree
No. 24114, of plants and parts of plants frcm abroad will be periritted
only through the ports of Balem, Corumba, Man'os, Porto Alegre, Recife,
Aio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, Santos, S'ao Francisco, and Sao Salvador.

Art. 8. Quarantined areas of Brazil.

Art. 9. Approved form rf certificate for plant material intended
for export.

Art. 10. Prohibiting the maintenance within economic crops of
plants which ray serve as hosts of parasites of those crops.


BOND REQJIR-DM FOR PRODUCTION OF CERTIFICAS

Art. 11. In accordance with the provisions of the second par'arrph
of article 14 of Decree No. 2114, a bond is established in cases of the
straying of, or irre-Ularities in, phytosanitary certificates required for
the importation of plants and parts of plants, under the following, condition.;?:

() 7he period for the presentation of the certificate shall
be 3C days for the preceding products proceeding from
countries of the American continent, and 60 days for other
countries, counting from the date of the signature cf the bond.






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INSFECTION ON ARRIVAL

(b) Imported products are subject, in addition to thorough
inspection on arrival, to disinfection, fumi{-ation, or
quarantine, at the discretion of the Plant .Protection
service.


RESTRICTIONS ON THE I XPTiTATION OF SL:CTED SEED POTATOES )

(Decree No. 21734, Aug. 16, 1932.) )

Article 1. The importation of selected seed potatoes, with exemp-
tion from customs imports (in the terms of article 3, No. XIII 3, Law
Po. 1616 of Dec. 30, 1906) is subject to previous authorization by the Min-
istry of Agriculture.

(a) This authorization will be granted only to provwers or
syndicates and agricultural cooperatives registered in
the Service of Inspection and Agricultural Protection
(Servico de Inspec'o e Fomento Agricolas), and t- com-
miercial firms regularly established and registered in
BIrazil for thile seed business.

(b) Importation shall be made only through ports or local-
ities here there is a representative of the Biolorical
Institute of Agricultural Protection (Instituto Biologico
de Defesa Agricola) authorized to carry out phytosanitary
inspection. (See article 7, Resolution of Nov. 19, 1934,
p. 12.)

(c) The Ministry of Agriculture will publish the names of the
authorized ports or localities through which importation
will be permitted.

Art. 2. Seed potatoes may be imported into Brazil only from coun-
tries where technical experimental establishments specializing in the cul-
ture of this plant exist, according to the criterion of the Servico de
Inspe'ao e Fomento Agricolas, in order to prevent the importation of unfit
varieties into regions for which the tubers are intended, and to prevent thL
introduction of injurious or exotic diseases, and the importation will be
subject to all the provisions and instructions concerning phytosanitary
protection, applying to the case the judrgment of the Superior Council of
Iigricultural Protection instituted by article 90 of the regulations approved
by Decree ITo. 15189 of December 21, 1921.

(a) The phytosanitary certificate indicating origin referred
to in article 2 of the resolution of May 26, 1928 (super-
seded by article 3 of the resolution of Nov. 19, 1954)
shall affirm that the tubers proceed from regions free
from the parasites Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb.)











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Perc., Spocniospora subterran, 'a (7alr.) Jchn-in, '.nd
(Phthorimaea) Gnorimoschema operculella 'ell., and
La.plnotai'sa decerxlinr.ta Say, and that the imported
tubers are free from those and other parasites.

(b) In addition to this certificate, each shipment must be
accompanied by a statement of the Ivinister of Agricul-
ture of the producin" country affirmin.- that selected
seed potatoes are concerned.

(c) If, upon inspection on arrival, the tubers indicate
need of disinfection by innersion in insecticidal and
fungicidal solutions, this precaution will be required
at the expense of the imnprter.

Art. 3. Tubers which may be deemed by the Servico de Inspecao
e Fomento Agricolas unfit for plantin- may be used for consumption, pro-
vided that the conipetent sanitary authorities are not opposed, and that
the importer pays the imposts required by law.

Art. 4. Tubers deemed by competent authorities unfit for planting
or for f-d shall be dcstrcyed under the spervision of the same at the
expense of the irmporter.

Art. 5. Concerns the storage of imported seed potatoes.

Art. 6. Concerns the requirements tt be met by the imcporter in
applying for a permit to import seed potatoes.


Arts. 7, 8, and 9. Concern importers of seed potatoes.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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