THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
Volume 16 July 1, 1936 Number 5
ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
STATE PLANT BOARD
Digitized by the Internet Archive
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 16 July 1, 1936 No. 5
THE MORE IMPORTANT RECORDS FOR JUNE 1936
The occurrence of grasshopper outbreaks in the Central and Western
States is probably the most serious insect problem that developed during the
month. Grasshoppers were reported in destructive numbers from Michigan and
northwestern Indiana, westward through the northern two-thirds of Illinois
to the Great Plains States, including eastern Colorado, and southward to Ark-
ansas and Oklahoma. The most seriously infested States are Iowa, Nebraska,
Kansas, Oklahoma, and Colorado. The general and widespread occurrence of these
outbreaks prompted Congress to appropriate $250,000 to enable the Bureau to
cooperate with States in a campaign for control. Serious grasshopper trouble
was reported also from Utah and north-central California.
Cutworms were especially abundant throughout the greater part of the
country during the early part of Juno. Many species were involved.
Scattered reports of serious wireworm injury were reported along the
South Atlantic States and into the Gulf Region, with similar reports coming
from the Mississippi Valley and the Groat Basin.
Throughout the New England States and westward to Michigan, rose
chafers did considerable damage to flower gardens and fruit, with occasional
reports of young poultry being killed from eating the beetles.
Rather heavy infestations of wheat by hessian fly were reported from
New York westward to Iowa; however, little commercial damage was reported
over most of the region.
Although the chinch bug was reported as somewhat abundant from Virginia
westward to Nebraska and Oklahoma, little damage was reported in the eastern
part of this region. Some damage was reported from eastern Iowa, Nebraska,Kansas,
and Oklahoma. A small localized outbreak of this insect also occurred in
Northampton County, Va.
The stalk borer was unusually abundant from Indiana westward to Minne-
sota and Kansas, the larvae damaging principally corn and tomatoes.
In the southern Mississippi Valley from Tennessee to the northern half
of Mississippi damage by the sugarcane beetle to corn was reported.
From the Hudson River Valley of.New York southward to Virginia and
West Virginia the rose leaf beetle was probably the most serious pest to flower
gardens and berry crops.
Codling moth entering fruit was reported quite generally over the
Middle Atlantic and East Central States during the latter half of the month
and, although generally reported as having suffered high mortality during
the winter, populations wore increasing rapidly.
Eastern tent caterpillar was reported as quite numerous throughout
the New England and Middle Atlantic States. The peak was apparently reached
last year and this year the outbreak seems to be on the wane.
Apple curculio occurred in outbreak numbers in parts of Ohio, Indiana,
Plum curculio caused more damage than usual throughout the New England
States, New York, and westward to Indiana. Severe drought in the Fort Valley
section of Georgia delayed emergence of the adults, so that no trouble is
anticipated to peach varieties that ripen before the Elbertas.
Damage by oriental fruit moth is reported from the New England States
southward to Virginia along the Atlantic Seaboard and westward to Illinois
and thence down the Mississippi Valley to the Gulf States. In the East
Central and Gulf States infestations were heavier than usual.
From Massachusetts to Ohio, particularly in the Lake Region, the grape
plume moth did considerable damage.
An outbreak of the false chinch bug occurred from Michigan westward
to Nebraska, the principal damage being done to strawberries, although a number
of other crops were attacked. In California this insect damaged grapes.
Several species of flea beetles were very numerous on truck crops from
New York westward to Nebraska on the north and Missouri on the south, with
similar trouble reported from Utah and Washington.
The Mexican bean beetle was reported as less abundant than usual in
the Ohio Valley and Northeastern States. Late in the month, however, the
insect began to appear in destructive numbers over much of this territory.
Heavy infestations of pea aphid were reported from New York to Wisconsin,
with damage also reported from Kansas, Mississippi, and Utah.
Heavy infestations of cabbage by the imported cabbage worm were reported
from Pennsylvania and Virginia, westward to Missouri. Much early cabbage
was also damaged in this region by the cabbage aphid.
The first record of serious damage to celery by the parsley stalk
weevil in New Jersey was reported this month.
From Wisconsin and Tennessee westward to Nebraska and Kansas strawberry
leaf roller was a major pest of strawberries.
Cankerworms occurred in unusual numbers throughout New England, the
Middle Atlantic, and East Central States, westward to Iowa and Nebraska. Severe
infestations by forest tent caterpillars were occurring over this same terri-
tory, but extending westward only to Minnesota.
The elm leaf beetle was quite prevalent in the New England and Middle
Atlantic States, with unusual damage in the East Central States and localized
outbreaks in Idaho and California.
European elm scale was generally prevalent from New York to Iowa.
THE MORE IMPORTANT F~iTU.ES IN CANADA
IN MAY AND JTNEP 1936
The grasshopper outbreak in the Prairie Provinces, which has been wide-
spread, serious, and menacing since 1930, was greatly reduced during 1935 by
weather conditions, natural enemies, and the effects of organized intensive
control campaigns. Indications this spring point to still further reduction.
Hatching in Manitoba was slow and irrogular and no damage has been observed,
so far, except in the southwest, where dry conditions caused some trouble
from grasshoppers. In Saskatchewan hatching began the middle of May, but up
to the middle of June, the infestation in southern areas was very light and
no severe damage had been done. The insects were generally abundant west of
Saskatoon, but damage has been minimized by cool weather, heavy rains, and the
distribution of poisoned bait. In Alberta slight losses to crops were occurring
in drier areas late in June, but theeo were being held in check by the poisoning
campaign. A .moderately widespread outbreak of grasshoppers has developed in
sandy regions of Renfrew and Hastings Counties in eastern Ontario,
Cutworms of several species were reported to be unusually abundant and
causing damage to garden, truck, and field crops in parts of every province
in the Dominion. A resurgence of these insects occurred in many parts of
Canada in 1935. The pale western cutworm is in serious outbreak form in
southern Alberta, causing severe losses to grain crops in some areas. Quite
severe damage was reported also in sections of Saskatchewan. A considerable
outbreak of the red-backed cutworm was reported through much of the northern
and east-central part of the Park Belt in Saskatchowan, with resultant damage
to field and garden crops. It caused local damage in gardens in southern
Wireworns are proving to be the most serious pest of the year in
medium- and light-soil areas of prairie and open-park sections of Saskatchewan.
Losses to wheat seeded in sunmerfallow quite generally ranged from 10 to 50
percent. Infest.tirns have increased markedly in recent years, particularly
in idle fields and in districts affected by drought and soil drifting. In-
fostations are general in nany areas of southern Alborta, with damage slight
to severe. 7ireworns were reported as destructive to grain and other crops
locally in southwestern Ontario.
A major flight of Juno beetles occurred in southern Quebec and much
foliage injury was done to a variety of deciduous trees and shrubs. In sandy
and sandy-loan sections of eastern Ontario white grubs are abundant and
causing damage to timothy sod.
Heavy infestations of the red turnip beetle have occurred on cruciferous
garden plants and weeds in Saskatchewan, west and northwest of Saskatoon, to
the Alberta boundary.
For the first time since 1923, material damage to wheat by the western
chinch bug was reported in the locality of Madison, in western Saskatchewan.
The infestation may be more widespread than indicated by this report.
Crop damage by flea beetles of various species is reported to be
widespread in the Dominion.
Large flights of the beet webworm occurred in the three Prairie Provinces,
and damage to sugar beets by the larvae is threatened in beet-growing areas.
Injury by the cabbage maggot was reported severe in southwestern
Ontario and in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia.
Orchard insects are generally well under control in the Annapolis
Valley, Nova Scotia, but the rosy apple aphid has appeared in injurious.numbers
in many districts. The green apple bug is also more prevalent than for several
The strawberry weevil was abundant and injurious to strawberries in
parts of the Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia, and on Prince Edward Island.
In the Niagara district, Ontario, weather conditions so far have been
unfavorable to the development of the codling moth and oriental fruit moth.
Grape leafhoppers are again present in injurious numbers in this district.
Overwintering tarnished plant bugs have caused serious damage in many
apple orchards of the Vernon district, British Columbia, by destroying the
Trees and shrubs in many parts of the Dominion again suffered foliage
injury from the attacks of tent caterpillars. The eastern tent caterpillar
caused defoliation of neglected orchards in sections of eastern Canada. A
major outbreak of the forest tont caterpillar developed in Ontario over a wide
region north of the Georgian Bay and Loke Superior. Deciduous trees and shrubs
were defoliated, houses and gardens were invaded, and trains wore delayed during
the course of the outbreak, which occasioned much newspaper publicity and con-
siderable public concern. Tont caterpillars were also reported to be unusually
numerous in British Colu-bia.
An extensive outbreak of the jackpine sawfly, apparently Diprion swainei
Middloton, is in progress in the Abitibi Lake region of Ontario. A European
species, D. frutotorum Fab., found attacking pine in the Niagara district in
1934, shows no further spread and is being brought under control in some areas
by imported parasites.
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 25): Grasshoppers are seriously damaging
tobacco in many parts of the State.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Grasshoppers (specimens examined are Melan-
oplus mexicanus Sauss.) have been more abundant throughout the State
than for many years. Damage was reported June 14 in St. Joseph and
Elkhart Counties. Since that time reports have been received from
several other northern counties and in Tippecanoe and Vermillion Counties.
In most cases they are breeding in alfalfa fields, completely stripping
the alfalfa and migrating to wheat, soybeans, cowpeas, and corn. At
present most of them are mature.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 22): Heavy infestations of grasshoppers are
developing locally throughout the northern three-fourths of the State.
The infested areas are not large, running from 10 to several hundred
acres; in a few cases to a thousand acres or more. The poison bait has
been used very successfully.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 25): Reports of damage have been received from
Vandalia, Cass County, and Hanover, Jackson County. These points are
below the generally infested area revealed in the survey last fall.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): For the first time on record, extremely
heavy infestations of grasshoppers are occurring in southern Wisconsin,
but are mostly limited to areas of one or two townships. M. mexicanus
is nearly mature and is cleaning up crops over large areas. Camnula
pellucida Scudd. hoppers have recently hatched. Active control work is
being carried on in Douglas, St. Croix, Dunn, Chippewa, Shawano, Langlade,
Columbia, Rock, Dane, Green, Jefferson, and Portage Counties.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 20): Grasshoppers scarce except in two town-
ships in Todd County, in central Minnesota, where they are abundant.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The grasshopper situation is very serious in
western and southwestern Iowa. In about 10 counties it now appears that
they will destroy at least half of the grain and most of the alfalfa.
Over 70 carloads of poison bait have been used, and an effort is being
made to obtain 250 more cars. In some of the most heavily infested small
grain and alfalfa fields the population ranges from 50 to 200 grasshoppers
per square yard. The infestation in the southern half of the State is
very spotted. The lesser migratory locust (M. moxicanus) and the two-
lined grasshopper (M. bivittatus Say) are the most abundant species,
many of which are in the adult state. The differential grasshopper
(M. differentialis Thos.) is also very abundant in many localities but
did not hatch as early as the other two species.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): The red-legged grasshopper (M. femur-rubrum
DoG.) is rapidly maturing, while the differential species is still
largely in the nymph stage. In central Missouri there are unbelievable
numbers of the Carolina locust (Dissosteira carolina L.) mingled with
the two harmful species. Practically every section of Missouri is in-
fested with hoppers and, with the shortage of rainfall, they -are already
doing serious damage to cultivated crops in some areas.
Correction.-- The note on Schistocerca americana Drury in Missouri in the
Bulletin, June 1, 1936, page 98, should read D. carolina.
Arkansas. D. Isely (June 24): Grasshoppers are unusually abundant in north-
eastern Arkansas, where a considerable acreage of alfalfa is grown. The
hoppers are now reported as leaving alfalfa and migrating to corn and
North Dakota. F. Gray Butcher (Juno): Grasshoppers have boon reported as
very abundant in 11.counties and moderately abundant in 13 counties.
Some crop injury has occurred in isolated spots, and in such communities
considerable quantities of bait have boon spread. Howover, generally
over the areas of heavy infestation severe drought has so reduced crop
prospects that the farmers are not distributing bait in sufficient
quantities to obtain control.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 20): Grasshoppers are more numerous on
range and pasture land than they have been during the past 25 years.
The ranges and pastures are drying up and the hoppers are moving into
what is left of the cultivated crops. The extreme eastern and the
extreme southern edge still have a chance for a crop, but even in some
of this territory the hoppers are abundant. Some species are already
migrating. Many Pardalophora haldemanii Scudd. are attracted to
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20): A survey of the adult population and egg
infestation mado in 74 counties in September and October 1935 showed
that many eggs had been laid in practically all of the counties border-
ing on the Missouri River, the southern border of the State, and in
the western part of the State. The eggs overwintered with low mortality
and about May 6 (nearly a fortnight later than normal) they began to
hatch all over eastern Nebrnska. They continudd to hatch out over the
State in large numbers during the greater part of May and before the
end of that month it was very evident that an extensive and serious
outbreak was at hand, rivalling in a number of localities the outbreak
of 1934, if not exceeding it. Up to June 20, serious damage has been
reported in 46 counties. Between these counties the intensity of the
infestation varies greatly, but everywhere serious crop damage is taking
place, not only in gardens but in fields of corn and small grains, and
especially in fields of young alfalfa. The outlook is very threatening
and heavy losses in many counties are probable.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (Juno 26): Grasshoppers are very abundant generally,
but are causing more damage in the eastern half of the State. In many
alfalfa fields the new shoots for the second crop of hay have been
seriously damaged. The harvest of the small grains has forced the
hoppers to adjoining greener vegetation, usually corn, soybeans, and
alfalfa. Early in June adults of M. moxicanus were found and on June 12,
adults of M. bivittatus were found in the field at Manhattan. These
dates are much earlier than usual for the appearance of the adults of
these species. The grasshoppers in many of the fields near Manhattan
are heavily parasitized by Sarcophaga kellyi Ald.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fent-n (June 23): A very serious outbreak of grasshoppers
has developed in Osage, Pawneo, Noble, Payno, Nowata, Lincoln, and
Pottawatomie Counties. The infestation is spotted but increasing in
19 other counties in western and northwestern Oklahoma. It is quite
likely that the infestations exist in all of the counties of the State,
but the outbreak seems to be more serious in the northeastern part.
A number of species are involved but M. moxicanus is most provolent, with
M. femur-rubrun next. On the night of June 9 a third species was attrac-
ted to lights in a number of cities in the central and northeastern
parts of the State, appearing in Bartlosville at about 9 o'clock in the
evening and at Stillwatcr at.about 11. Literally thousands of then
were blown in by a cold north wind. This species has been tentatively
identified as P. halaemanii. At present the outbreak is steadily
increasing, following the harvest of small grains and cotton, alfalfa,
and Irish potatoes--in fact,all growing crops are being seriously
damaged or destroyed.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): M. differentialis was attacking 400 acres
of cotton at Sardis on May 28. A prompt application of poisoned bran
quickly controlled the infestation.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 11): Seagulls in great numbers were observed
following the mowing machine at Bcnsrn, oating all of the larger grass-
hoppers as soon as the alfalfa was cut. In Utah County hoppers are very
abundant in the foothills surrounding the farm area at Genola. Adults
of Elliott's locust (Aulocara olliotti Scudd.) and Trimerotropus vincu-
lata Scudd. are nost abundant at this time. Considerable injury to farm
crops is anticipated.
Californiat S. Lockwood (June 12): C. pellucida, devastator Scudd., and
Oedaleonotis enigma Scudd. are very abundant in Tehana, Yuba, Yolo, Sacra-
mento, San Joaquin, Mariposa, Tuolumnc, and Calaveras Counties. Control
campaigns are under way and the damage has been confined largelT to native
EASTERN LUBBER GPASSHOPPER (Romalea micrnptera Bdv.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (June 22): In Clay County there was a heavy infestation
of the lubberly locust. The damage was mostly to summer cover crops, such
as cowpoas, but watormelons, cantaloupes, corn, beans, and okra were con-
MORMON CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Mormon crickets have been sent in from
6 localities in western and central South Dakota. In no instance,
however, have the crickets occurred in sufficient numbers to warrant
Utah. C. J. Sorenson (June 19): Mormon crickets have been reported from
Uintah County and 5 miles west of Paradise in Cache County.
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): On May 18 our attention was called
to very severe damage by cutworms attacking fields of set onions in
Hampshire County. One farm had at least 2 acres so badly damaged that
it was a question of whether the crop would be worth carrying through.
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June): Cutworms are present in vegetable crops
in the usual numbers and have caused the usual amount of damage through-
out the State.
Indiana. J. J. Dnvis (June 22): The overflow worn (Agrotis ypsilon Rott.)
was abundant in bottom land along the 7abash River, from Clinton south,
and along the Ohio River near Evansville.
Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 20): Lined cornstalk borer (Oligia fractilinea
Grote) has been found infesting young corn in Brown County.
E. L. Chambers (June 24): Severe cutworm outbreaks have been
observed on light, sandy soil throughout the State. Many fields of corn
had to be replanted where control measures were not practical. Severe
damage was reported to tobacco, garden crops, small grain, and corn
during the first 2 weeks of June. About a dozen counties in the central
part of the State wore supplied with poison for control campaigns.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 20): Cutworms are moderately abundant.
North Dakota. F. Gray Butcher (June): Pale western cutworns (Porosagrotis
orthogonia Morr.) have been causing considerable damage to cereal crops
in the western portion of the State, especially in Burleigh, Morton,
Stark, and Burke Counties. There have been several reports of almost
complete destruction of large acreages of wheat and other crops. Recent
observations indicate that the larvae are practically full grown and
further extensive injury is not anticipated.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 20): Cutworm damage was more severe this
year than normally. The damage is about over at the present time.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20): On May 21 and June 7, respectively, from
Hooker and Morrill Counties came reports of the presence of enormous
numbers of millers of Chorizagrotis auxiliaris Grote. The variegated
cutworm (Lycophotia nargaritosa saucia Ibn.) was defoliating tomato
plants in Lancaster County on June 2, stripping gardens in Webster
County on June 9, and cutting off pea vines in Loup County on June 11.
Cutworm damage was reported from Thurston, Madison, Lancaster, and
Cheyenne Counties from May 21 to June 20. In Thurston and Lancaster
Counties the worms (A. ypsilon) were cutting the corn below the surface
of the ground. The dark-sided cutworm (Euxoa nessoria Harr.) was found
injuring tomato plants in Lancaster County and potatoes in Knox County.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Prodonia ornithogalli Guen. was reported
in Learned in cotton and on gladiolus at Ridgcland on May 22.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 6): Cutworms seriously dama-ed bean patches at
Granite and Butlerville in Salt Lnke County.
ARMYWORMP1 (Cirphis unipuncta Haw. et al.)
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): Armyworms are doing a considerable amount of
damage in Fremont County. One 40-acre field of wheat was totally
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): In Lancaster County, during the third week in
June the true arnyworn was danaging wheat heads in a few instances.
Oklahona. C. F. Stiles (June 22): Arnyworns of undetermined species are
reported damag:ing cotton in Canadian County.
A CABBAGE BUTTERFLY (Pontia nonuste L.)
Florida. H. T. Fernald (June S1): The flight this spring appears to have
begun abnut May 10. The butterflies were extremely abundant near New
Smyrna on the 10th and by the 14th had appeared at Daytona Beach (west
side of Halifax River), but had disappeared on the 16th. On the 19th
they appeared on the outer beach on the half-mile-wide key between the
river and the ocean, and wore continuing on the 24th. All were going
north. On June 4 they were very abundant from Indian River City south
to Cocoa, flying in a southerly direction.
A TIGER MOTH (Apantesis sp.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): An unusual outbreak of Apantosis sp. has
occurred in Oktibbeha and Clay Counties. The last previous record
was in 1925. The worms were moving out of pastures and destroying
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 10): Wireworns are seriously damaging
corn in Carteret County and peanuts in Chowan County.
South Carolina. W. J. Reid and C. 0. Bare (June 1-8): In the spring of 1936
wireworns (Heteroderes laurentii Guer., and other species) were again
injurious to the early potato crop of the coastal area. An examination
at harvest rf 3,023 tubors taken from four fields in the vicinity of
Charleston vhowed that 41 percent of them had been injured by wireworms.
F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (June): Wireworms (Melanotus
sp. and Aeolus sp.) are noro abundant than usual on cotton at Florence,
and have reduced the stand in some places, especially where corn was
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 19): J. R. Thomson reports that adults of Mono-
crcpidius vespertinus Fab. appear to be more abundant than usual in peach
orchards at Fort Valley.
Indiana. P. Luginbill (June 10): Several fields of corn near Delphi injured
by wireworns, probably Drasterius sp.
Kentucky. W. A. Price (Juno 25): Wireworns have been destructive to corn and
tobacco plants at La Grange, Greenville, and Springfield.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (Juno 24): Considerable danago to tobacco, corn,
ncd gardon crops is being reported from various points in the State.
Missouri. L. Hasenan (Juno 24): 77e have not had the usual June complaints
against wiroworms, but a grcat many farners are having difficulty with
then in patches, particularly in lowlands.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Several fields of cotton and corn were being
damn cI c at MIrgantown on June 15 by larvae of the sand wireworm (Horis-
tonotus uhlerii Horn). The danare was principally in spots scattered
erer the fields.
Idaho. R. W. Haoeele (June 15): W'ireworms arc snoewhat nore d-a.aging than
usual, feedin- heavily during May on early planted crops such as wheat,
corn, and onions. Later plantings, especially of corn were also injured,
as the wireworn feeding extended well into June.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 6): Wireworns are damaging young sugar beets
and tomatoes in a few fields at Lewiston.
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllopha a spp.)
Pennsylvania. K. Hower (May 29): A beetle has boon appeavrin around Midville
in great swarms. (Identified by E. A. Chapin as P. tristis Fab.)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 16): Not so abundant as usual at this time of the
year at Fort Valley. A number have been taken from soil under the
spread of peach trees, the foliage of which they attacked during the
J. M. Robinson (June 2): The brown June bug (P. nicans Knoch) has
been attacking pecan and white oak trees in groves that have not been
cultivated, and in groves on the uplands near West Point. The beetles
were very aetive the last week of April and the first week of May.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): 'hite grubs were reported to bo heavily
infeoting lawns at Culver on Juno 17.
Wisconsin. E. L. Charbers (Juno 24): Unusually heavy flights of P. tristis
were observed throughout the southern part of the State during the
latter part of May and the first week of June. Many rcports are being
received fron the counties of the central part of the State, stating
that serious daname is beingc done to strawberry, potatoes, and gardons.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 21): Danage by white grubs, brood A, is beginning
to show up in cornfields. The infestation is very widespread and ex-
tends beyond the eastern half of the State.
JAPANE'SE BEETLE (Popillia japonica Newn.)
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 15): First adults of the Japanese beetle were
observed at Newark today.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hod:kiss (June 23): Adults were boeinnin7 to appear
during the week of June 15 in the Philadelphia area,
7ashinjton, D. C., and Maryland. 3. A. Porter (Juno 30): Adults of the
Japanese beetle are being reported from the District of Columbia and
A SCARABAEID (Ochrosidia innaculata Oliv.)
Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 25): Pupation began the last week in May and
continued through the second we3ck in June. The first adult was taken on
June 7 at a light. A heavy flight of this insect is expected soon in
the vicinity of Lexington.
ROSE CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.)
Maine. H. B. Poirson (June 21): Heavy outbreaks of rose chafors reported
from Augusta, Portland, and Wayne, where the beetles wore attacking
fruit and foliage of apple.
Vernont. H. L. Bailey (June 18): Rose chafers very abundant generally on
June 15. Serious problen at Milton, where many young pheasants were
killed by eatirn the beetles.
Masachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): Rose chafer appeared during the week
of Juno 5 to 7, and fron all indications it is about as abundant as
Connecticut. E. P, Felt (Juno 24): The rose chafer has been sonowhat
abundant in the Stamford area.
Now York. .R. E. Horsey (June 10): A few rose chafers on peony and roso flowers
at Rochester. Nn noticeable ramage.
N. Y. State Coll. A'r. News Letter (June): Rose chafers are very
abundant and injurious in orchards' in the Hudson River Valley and in
western JTcw. York.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): Rose chafers have been reported as cLdamaing
rnpocs and yeaches in Borrien, Ottawa, Van Buren, Clinton, Shiawassee,
Occana, Genosoo, Xalaniazo, Sanilac, Montcalm, Isabella, and Saint
CO~iMMOA RED SPID3R (Tetruanychus toldrius L.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissoll (Juno 6)i The red spider is very abundant on and in-
jurious to c-ak trees at ExpTriment. The nites are working on the upper
surfaces of the loaves.,
Ohio. E. e. iendonhall (June 10): The rod sp.ider is very abundant. on arbor-
vitae st-ck in the nursery at Xenia, causing some damrue.
Kentuccky . A. Price (June 25): Red spiders are cmmnnn and destructive over
the State generally.
Tennessoe. G. I.. 3Bntley (June 20): Red- spider is present generally over the
State, attacking: a larIe variety of ornamentals. 'Jc have had several
conplaints of its attacking boxwood.
Missouri and Kansa,-. H. Baker (June 24): The cor-unn red spider, which has
boon a serious epst in aplple orchards in this section the last 2 years,
i:. difficult to find in orchards.
Mississippi. C. Lylo (June 25): On account of the severe drmou7ht throughout
the northern and central parts of Mississippi this nonth, rod spider
injury has been sov-re. The southern part of the State, with more rain-
fall, has apparently suifffred less.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 6): Rod spiders ard damacing raspberries, straw-
berries, and dowberries at Pleasant Grove and Linden.
C REAL AND FORAG -CROP INSECTS
HESSIAL~ FLY (Phytophaa destructor Say)
Now York. N. Y. State Coll. A-r. News Letter (June 15): Hessian fly has done
considerable damnag to the wheat in some sections of Genesee County.
Three fields that have been observed are infested practically 100 percent.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): The wheat-insoct survey has started in the
southern and central counties, where six counties have been visited. The
avorae percontawe of stems infested in four southwestern counties is
20.5 percent and for the two central counties is 12.4 porcent. No
loding of straws has occurred and practically no co:.iercial dapmafc.
Indiana. C. M. Packard (June 16): Severe spring infestation and injury to
many wheat fields seen in Posey and Gibson Counties. Much broken-ovcr
straw. Fly now mostly in flaxsced stage.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): Very liiht infestations throughout southern
Iowa but no con-ercial dana.,e.
Missouri. L. Hasenan (June 24): Owin.- to the unusual weather, the spring
brood did comparatively little damag:e in the State, and many farmers
have harvested fair yields in fields that locked like a cor-ilete loss
last fall. The spring brood has been about as abuncdant in the northern
third of the State as in the southern two-thirds, where it was so
throatoning last fall. There is sufficie:nt fly in wheat stubble over
nost of the State to scriously threaten early seedod wheat this fall.
Fortunately, parasitization of flaxsoeds in so:e areas is quite high.
WHEAT STEM MAGGOT (Meron-yza aenricana Fitch)
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (June 22): The wheat sto: na:got is to be found in many
rye and wheat fields.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 23): Wheat stem ua~got is more abundant than
usual this year.
A BILLBUG (Calendra sp.)
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 26): The wheat billbug caused a considerable
amount of wheat to go down in some fields west of McPherson. This is
of considerable interest because the insect is also found in some of the
adjoining grasses, especially Agropyron smithii.
CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)
Virginia. H. 7V. 'Jalker (June 24): Chinch bugs were reported by the county
.-cnt as seriously injuring corn in Torthar.Tton County.
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 27): Infe'station of chinch bugs is
generally heavy over the eastern and Piedmont sections of the State,
for the first time in over a decade.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 11): Very few chinch bugs are present in the wheat
fields and we anticipate no damage to corn. Young bugs hatched on June
Indiana. D. W. La Hue (June 18): A survey of Tippecanoe County shows chinch
bugs scarce in most wheat fields. Old bugs are disappearing. All
stages of first brood, from eggs to fourth-instar nymphs, are now
Illinois. W. P. Flint' (June 22): The weather during June has been almost
ideal for chinch bug development. There will be no general outbreak
in the State, but many scat-tred infestations occur throughout the
central and, particularly, the west- and southwest-ccntral parts of
Illinois. Fields that wero evon lightly infested early in the season
are producing many more bugs than in an avora-e year.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (Juno 24): As indicated by the survey made late
last fall, there will apparently be little damage this summcr, although
the dry scanon is very favorable for chinch bugs. Limited serious
outbreaks have boon observed near Plum City, in Piorce County.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): Chinch bug damage is beginning to show up in
about 10 southern counties. In most cases the bugs will not leave the
small-grain fields until after the grain is cut. The infestation is
very spotted, but a light populntion may be found in many southern and
Missouri. L. Hasoman (Juno 24): From central Missouri south the annual
migration of chinch bugs from small grain to corn is now pretty well
over, but in the northern counties migration is still in full swing.
The heavy movement of bugs during the month has boon particularly
noticeable from Kansas City south to Joplin and in a northeasterly
direction across to St. Louis and Hannibal, with some heavy epidemics
in north-contral Missouri. On some farms the bugs have been fully as
abundant as in 1934, but heavy infestations have boon more scattering.
Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (June 20): Chinch bugs appearod in injurious numbers
in the small-grain fields of Richardson County in extreme southeastern
Nebraska early in June, and 2,000 gallons of creosote were used in three
townships in that county between June 4 and June 18. No serious infes-
tations have been reported outside of Richardson County.
Kansas. H. R. 3ryson (June 23): The chinch bug infestation in the.vicinity'
of Manhattan is much lighter than it has boon since 1934. In south-
eastern Kansas the bugs did considerable injury to the small grain on
the uplands earlier in the season. Enough bugs are present to warrant
the construction of barriers.
Arkansas. D. Isely (June 24): Scattered local outbreaks of chinch bugs have
been reported from the northern part of the State.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (Juno 23): Chinch bugs have appeared in several of
the counties in the State and are now migrating from small grains to
corn. Although not widespread, the infestAtion is more serious than
it has been since 1934.
C. F. Stiles (June 20): There is a section consisting of about
five counties in oast-contral Oklahoma that is very heavily infested.
Rainfall there has been only about half the normal amount. Large popula-
tions have been built up and the bugs are moving from small-grain to row
crops. About a half carload of oil, that we have had in reserve, is
being used to construct barriers; however, this will only partly meet
HAIRY CHINCH 3UG (Blissus hirtus M1ontd.)
Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (June 24): The hairy chinch bug was recorded as
occurring in large numbers in a lawn at Lenox.
STALK BORER (Papaipema nebris nitela Guen.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): The stalk borer was reported to be attacking
corn at La Fayette and tomato at La Porte on June 16. In both places
the borers were quite small, i.e., not over inch long.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 20): The stalk borer is moderately abundant
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (June 22): The common stalk borer seems to be more than
usually abundant throughout the State.
Missouri. L. Hasoman (June 24): During the month we have had numerous
complaints of stalk borers from almost every section of the State. At
this time they nre about half grown.
N ebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 17): A Thurston County corrospondent reported the
common stalk borer working on tomato stems.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (Juno 11): The common stalk borer is reported injuring
tomatoes at Brookville and White City, corn at Leavenworth and Clyde, and
potatoes at Mulberry.
CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): Small numbers of larvae are now present
in the field in the southern counties of the State. The infestations are
not so severe as at this time last year. ,Observations were made in
several sweet-corn fields in Monmouth and Middlesex Counties on June 22,
but no larvae vere seen.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 24): Corn ear worms are abundant in corn and
are also attacking tomatoes in central and southern Alabama.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Nearly all Plant Board inspectors have re-
ported considerable damage to tomatoes.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 23): Corn ear worm is causing considerable injury
to the curl of field corn and the young ears of early sweet corn.
California. A, E. Michelbacher (June 20): Eggs were found in central Calif-
ornia about June 1 on tomato plants. Eggs can now be found in most tomato
fields and in places a careful examination will reveal a few small larvae.
An examination of the tomato fields about Visalia showed that the amount
of fruit infested ranged from less than 1 to 7 percent. On June 4 near
Brentwood one corn field was examined and about 10 percent of the ears
were found to be infested. In other fields in the same area not more
than 1 percent of the ears were infested. Some of the larvae were nearly
WEBWORMS (Crambus sp.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Webworms were reported to be damaging corn
the first half of June in several localities in the northwestern quarter
of the State.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Sod webworms were very troublesome last
month, but they apparently ran their cycle by the early part of June.
SUGARCANE BEETLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lec.)
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 25): The rough-headed corn stalk beetle
is damaging corn over a wide area in the State.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): Specimens of the rough-headed cornstalk
beetle were sent in from many parts of the State together with specimens
of injured corn plants. In some years this insect proves to be a very
serious pest, and reports received indicate that the injury this year
will be serious.
Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 25): Rough-headed cornstalk beetles ruined a
10-acre field of corn at Mayfield.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 24): At Malone the rough-headed cornstalk
borer is seriously attacking several acres of corn. This insect is also
active in Cullman County, particularly at Hanceville.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): The rough-headed cornstalk beetle has
caused unusually heavy damage this spring in the northern half of Missi-
SOUTHERN CORN LEAF BEETLE (Myochrous denticollis Say)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (May 26): Specimens of the southern corn leaf beetle
were sent in on May 26 from Washington County, where they were reocrted
to be doing considerable damage to young corn plants just coming through
the ground. This is the first record for Nebraska of this past's
IMBRICATED SNOUT BEETLE (Epicaerus imbricatus .Say)
Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 20): Found largo numbers of imbricated snout
beetles injuring corn at Monroe on May 23.
FIELD CRICKET (Gryllus assinilis Fab.)
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 21): The block field cricket has done
considerable damage to gmrninating corn in central and western South
Dakota. Replanting of some entire fields was n-cessary.
A FALSE WIREWOBIRM (Eleodos sp.)
Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (June 22): I find that one of the false wireworms
has been doing enormous damao to the rowed sorghums in Boavor County.
It seems that the adults at this time are causing most of the dacmage.
ALALFA ZEEVIL (Hypera postica Gyll.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 1S): Specimens collected in western Nebraska
have been identified by A. G. Boving and L. L. Buchanan.
Idaho. R. W. Haegelo (June 15): The alfalfa weevil is present in southwestern
Idaho. Damago to first crop is moderate and scattered. The parasite
Bathyplectes curculionis Thos. is very abundant. At Parma on June 11,
just before cutting of the first crop, 100 sweeps of a 12-inch net
yielded 297 weovil larvae and 521 adults of the parasite.
F. H. Shirck (June 1): Alfalfa weevil is more abundant in the Parma
district than in any previous season since 1930. No severe injury appears
to have been caused to the first cutting of alfalfa.
Utah. C. J. Sorenson (June 10): Some damage apparent by alfalfa weevil, which
is moderately abundant in Millard County.
California. A.E. Michelbacher (June 20): The larval population of the alfalfa
weevil has slightly increased during the ionth. In sovoral fields as ma=y
as 200 can be collected to 100 sweeps of an insect net. The increase is
probably due to the fact that some of the early brood have matured. Para-
sitization by Bathyplectesis falling off rather rapidly. The decrease is
most marked in the San Joaquin Valley.
ROSE LEAF BEETLE (Nodonota puncticollis Say)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Rose leaf beetles are
damaging fruit in the Hudson River Valley.
Maryland and Virginia. W. H. White (June 3): During the latter part of May
and the early part of June many reports have been received regarding the
abundance of the rose leaf beetle to rose, peonies, azalea, raspberry,
and strawberry in parts of Maryland and Virginia adjacent to the District
West Virginia. L. M. Peairs (June 18): This chrysonelid has done a lot of
damage to apples and other fruits. We have it from the Eastern Panhandle,
where it is generally distributed, and from as far west as Lewis County.
(Det. by H. S. Barber as Nodonota, probably puncticollis.)
A CHRYSOMELID (Gastroidea aenca Molsh.)
Virginia. W. J. Schoono (Juno 25): This loaf beetle was very abundant
during the last week of May and the first week of Juno. It ate holes in
the sides of many apples and was very abundant in roses and other flowers.
It has accounted for about as much injury to fruit as the worst of our
early season posts.
FLAT-HEADED APPLE TREE BORER (Chrysobothris femorata Oliv.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 25): Borers have done very little injury to
pecan trees at Milner and Macon the past year, in comparison to injury
in the same orchards in previous years.
Missouri. L. Hasoman (Juno 24): The adult was on wing throughout June but
no activity of the larvae has been noted on trees visited by the beetle.
Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (May-Juno): Reports of injury to fruit and shade trees
were received during the last 2 weeooks of May, and the first 2 weeks of
June from DouLglas, Washington, Dodge, Seward, Buffalo, and Hayes Counties.
A FLOWER THRIPS (Frankliniella occidentalis Perg.)
California. S. Lockwood (June 12): The blossom thrips has been responsible
for considerable scarring to stone fruit in Contra Costa, Solano, Placer,
and Tulare Counties.
PLANT BUGS (Lygus spp.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 25): The tarnished plant bug (L. pratensis L.)
has been reported as very abundant on poaches from Albion, Howell, Grand
Rapids, Fonnville, Sodus, and Hartford.
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): L. caryae Knight and other species are
present in some orchards but not so abundant as they were last year.
CODLING MOTH (Carpacapsa pomonella L.)
Now York. D. W. Hamilton (June 22): At Poughkeepsie peak moth captures in
light and bait traps occurred on the nights of June 1 and 2. Since then
activity seems to have gradually tapered off. First-brood larvae began
entering the: fruit on June 6. Peak entrances occurred from June 10 to
14. At present the infestation appears to be about normal. Low ten-
peratures and rains have prevented extensive adult activity on many
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): Emergence this year began 10 days
earlier than last year. The prospects now are for a full second brood
and a partial third in southern New Jersey.
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 23): First-brood injury at this date is lighter
than at any time since 1929. First-hatched larvae are already nature.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): First-brood larvae were first seen
going into apples in Cumberland and Franklin Counties on June 18 and 19.
The entries had been made since June 11.
Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 25): Emergence in Washington County was consider-
ably delayed on account of cool weather.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Moths have been caught in the bait pans at
Columbus almost daily from May 16 to June 21. Heaviest flight occurred
between May 30 and'June 54 First entrances were noticed on June 9, the
same date on which entrances were noticed in Ottawa County.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Codling noth is noticeably increasing in the
southern half of the State, Unfavorable conditions during the season of
1935 and the past two winters reduced the insect to almost negligible
numbers. However, conditions for the first 1936 brood have been favorable
and the population has built up to threatening numbers. For record we
are summarizing life-history records, those at Bicknoll, ElberfOld and
Vincennes, by L. F. Steiner, and those at Orleans by G. E. Marshall.
First pupae were found at Elberfeld on April 10; at Bicknell on April 13.
First noth at Elberfeld on April 30; in traps at 'Bicknell on May 4;
at Orleans in out-of-door emergence cage on May 4, in packing shed on
May 5, and in bait trap on May 7 (last year, first noth bait trap on
May 8). First eggs laid in insectary at Vinconnes, under normal out-
of-door conditions on May 7, began hatching on May 14. At Orleans the
first eggs hatched on May 21. First larval entries at Vincennes were
observed on May 19. First larvae loft apple to pupato at Orleans on June
8 and at Bicknell on June 10.
L. F. Steiner (June 11); Practically no moth activity either at
Vincennes or Bicknell for the past 10 days. Mature larvae began leaving
apples at Bicknoll on June.10.- In most orchards where the codling moth
produced the least injury in many years last season it is now back to
its normal abundance. The light-to-moderate crop at Elberfeld is
nearly 40 percent damaged. '(June 22)'r"bDamage by first-brood larvae
is as severe at Vincennes as has been. observed for several years, des-
pite a subnormal carryover from 1935".
Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 22): In, southern Illinois the codling moth has
developed so rapidly that it is now nearly as abundant as it was in the
spring of 1934, although the last-winter carry-over was the lowest in
Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 25): In-,some orchards, particularly in the
Henderson district, there is a heavy infestation. A normal carry-over
with a reduced crop this yeqr has resulted in a'larger number of worms
entering individual fruits. Some apples have as many as five worm
L. F. Stoiner (June 11): Mature larvae began leaving apples at
Henderson about June 2. Now they are:leaving in large numbers. The
injury is almost 40 percent, and in some..orchards it appears even worse.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): A full flight of moths occurred on June 5
at Hartford, Milburg, and Saint Joseph. (June 25): Larvae are fairly
abundant and are from I to 3/8,inch.long at Mason, Albion, Vandalia,
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): Where timely sprays have not been made,
the codling moth is doing damage generally over the State, the injury
being in small home orchards.
Georgia. C. H. Alden (June 22): At Cornelia first-brood moths have been emerging
in large numbers, starting June 19.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Moths of the second brood began emerging in
extreme southeastern Missouri on June 14 and 15, and' in central and
southwestern Missouri by June 19 and. 20.. In the northern part of the
State they have been a few days later than in central Missouri.
H. Baker (June 24): First-brood .damage was generally light at
Saint Joseph, except in some poorly sprayod orchards. First-brood moths
were taken in bait traps beginning June 18, or about a week earlier
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): Larval mortality at Lincoln was about 91
percent last winter. Spring-brood moths began emerging about May 11 and
first-brood eggs were being deposited by May 30. All first-brood larvae
had pupated by June 13. The first complaint of damage was received
from Buffalo County during the first week in June.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 24): Second-brood adults are beginning to emerge.
Population is building up from a low carry-over of last winter. A third
brood will be present this year, whereas only two broods were present
Utah. C. J. Sorenson (June 19): The codling moth is very abundant in Cache
and Utah Counties .
EASTERN TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)
Maine. H. B. Peirson (June): Throughout Maine the insect is much less abun-
dant than in 1935.
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25)i Tent caterpillars began to hatch about
the 9th or 10th of April and have been unusually abundant, fully as
abundant as they wore last year, particularly in the eastern part of the
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): The eastern tent caterpillar was just
about as prevalent as last year in certain localities in southern Connec-
ticut, but much less so in northern Connecticut. Many caterpillars died
from "wilt" and many were parasitized.
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June.17): The eastern tent caterpillar, which has
apparently reached its maximum abundance this year in many parts of
eastern New York, has been reduced.by a wilt discase in parts of Albany
County and elsewhere.
R. E. Horsey (Juno): Eastern tent caterpillar was abundant in a
territory extending to 10 miles south of Rochester on May 31,
Pennsylvania. R. M. Baker (June 9): First adults appeared in Clark's Valley
on June 6. The infestation was spotted this year, indicating a decline
in population in some sections of the State.
FRUIT TREE LEAF ROLLER (Cacoecia argyrospila Walk.)
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Apple leaf roller is more abundant than usual in
all parts of Ohio. In some orchards it has disfigured a high percentage
of the fruits.
LEAF CRUMPLER (Mineola indigenella Zell.)
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 2): The larva of the leaf crumplcr was re-
ported attacking apple trees at Uriah on May 9. Adults emerged on May
20. They were reported as being serious pests to apple in that area.
EYE-SPOTTED BUDMOTH (Spilonota ocellana Schiff,)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): We found budmoth to be rather more
abundant than usual on the fruit crops.
New York, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Quite an infestation
of budmoth developed in a few localities in western New York.
FRUIT APHIDS (Aphiidae)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): We noted that apple aphids in
orchards at Amherst were hatching as early as March 28, owing to warm
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): Rosy apple aphid (Anuraphis roseus Bak.)
is very abundant in some orchards. The outbreak, however, is by no
means general. A decided increase took place from June 1-15, but migration
is now well under way.
New York. N. Y. State College Agr. News Letter (June 29): The rosy aphid
has built up to serious proportions .in many orchards in Niagara County
and is also causing concern to orchardists in Monroe and Wayne Counties.
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): Infestation of the green apple aphids
(Aphis pomi DeG.) began showing up in some orchards by June 10. The in-
festation in some orchards, where growth of foliage was active, has
reached a point where sprays are advisable.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): The rosy apple aphid has caused
fruit injury in many orchards throughout the State, but no commercial
damage has been done. The green apple aphid is reported to have started
on water sprouts during the week of June 15.
APPLE MAGGOT (Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 22): Flies began
emerging from trap areas in the vicinity of Poughkeepsie on June 17.
The first emergence for the Hudson Valley is at least 4 days earlier
this year than it was in 1935.
APPLE CURCULIO (Tachypterellus quadrigibbus Say)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 18): Adults of apple curculio were found on
apple at Montpelier on June 8.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Specimens of apple curculio with injured fruit
were received from Hamilton County with the statement that the insect
is injurious in several orchards.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Apple curculio has been noticeably more
abundant throughout the State than for many years.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): During the first week in June a very severe
epidemic of apple curculios showed up in northeastern Missouri, extending
from Elsberry north through Clarksville and Louisiana to Hannibal. Less
noticeable outbreaks were also observed at Macon and Chillicothe. There
was practically no evidence of the insect at Columbia and in the other im-
portant orchard centers of the State. Near timber, fruits on many trees
were damaged practically 100 percent, with from 1 to 100 punctures to the
apple. The attack largely subsided by the 15th of the month.
A SCARABAEID (Pachystethus marginata Fab.)
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 25): Seriously damaging apple leaves
and fruit in an orchard in western North Carolina,
EUROPEAN RED MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): European red mite has been very abun-
dant in many orchards and seems to be giving more trouble this year than
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): European red mite is present in some loca-
tions and is abundant in a few orchards.
PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 18): Adults of the plum curculio were found on
apples at Montpelier on June 8.
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): Plum curculio is from moderately abundant
to severe in some orchards in New Haven County.
Rhode Island. A. E. Stone (June 22): Plum curculio apparently more abundant
than during the past two seasons.
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The plum curculio is
causing more damage than usual in some orchards in western New York.
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (May 28): The first new beetles of the season emerged
today from soil in the laboratory at Fort Valley. May 28 was also the
emergence date of the first new beetle in the laboratory last year.
(June 12): New beetles are now emerging in numbers from the soil in
commercial peach orchards at Fort Valley. Recent thundershowers have
facilited their escape from the soil after a long drought. We took 96
new beetles from 24 trees in a commercial orchard today where there
were practically no beetles last week. (June 18): The first eggs of
the second generation were recorded yesterday. Eggs were obtained from
2 of 156 individual pairs examined. These pairs emerged on June 2 in the
laboratory, somewhat earlier than in the field. (June 19): The infestation
at Fort Valley continues to be less than that of an average year. No
trouble from a second brood is anticipated in varieties ripening before
C. H. Alden (June 22): The peak of first-brood emergence occurred
in the Thomaston section on June 9, The first curculio was caught on
June 16 at Cornelia; peak emergence has not occurred there yet.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): The two-month drought and the plum cur-
culio attack on unsprayed orchards have caused a heavy drop of plums and
peaches. This, however, is true only of the uncared-for trees.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Plum curculio is more abundant than usual
throughout the State. Injury was observed only a few days after petal
fall in southern Indiana, during the week of May 3.
Minnesota. A. G. Rugglos (June 20): Plum curculio has been moderately
WESTERN SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)
California. H. C. Donohoe (June 1): A grower in the vicinity of Fresno reports
that the western twelve-spotted cucumber beetle is seriously damaging ripe
early peaches. It attacked home vegetables and ornamental garden plants
more severely than in a normal year.
SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugalosus Ratz.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 9): Infestation of peach trees by bark beetles
at Griffin is very noticeable in some orchards. The beetles bore into
the base of leaf clusters and of fruit pedicels, killing the leaves.
Injury is traceable to the improper disposal of peach prunings. A report
of plum, similarly infested comes from Columbus.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (Juno 2): In Double Springs peach trees were dying
from winter injury and shot-hole borers were attacking the dying trees.
A CURCULIONID (Sitona prominens Csy.)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 19): These beetles are more abundant at Fort Valley
than usual. They havo the habit of congregating on peaches in the de-
pression around the stem.
ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molosta Busck)
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): The first generation of the oriental fruit
moth is extremely scarce.
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Twig injury has been
observed in orchards in Monroo and Orleans Counties.
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 23): Parasitization of first-brood larvae is
below normal. The first second-brood eggs were deposited on June 17, and
the first second-brood larvae hatched on Juno 21.
Now Jersey. G. J. Haeussler (May 18): First-brood larvae began entering peach
twigs in the vicinity of Moorestown about May 14, approximately 2 weeks
earlier than last season. In several orchards in Burlington County infested
twigs are already fairly abundant and the first-brood infestation is con-
siderably more severe than that of 1935. (May 26): The first-brood
infestation is very light at Glassboro and Richwood, in Gloucester Coim4y,
and at Lawrenceville and Glennore, in Mercer County.
Maryland. H. W. Allen (May 16): Infestation of peach twigs by first-brood
larvae was observed to be from light to moderate in the vicinity of
Virginia. H. W. Allen (May 12-14): Infestation of peach twigs by first-
brood larvae was observed to be heavy in the vicinity of Lovingston;
moderate at Bonsac, Cloverdale, Winchester, and Washington; and light
at Crozet, Waynesboro, Staunton, and Timberville.
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 19): The infestation is lighter than usual. It
is confined to home orchards in and near Fort Valley.
T. L. Bissell (June 24): A small number of peach shoots were found
infested with larvae today at Rover, in Spalding County.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Peach trees were very slow to recover from the
severe winter injury and have shown more than the usual degree of in-
festation. There are no peaches, except a light crop in the lake-shore
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Injury is rather conspicuous throughout the
Illinois. W. P. Flint (Juno 22): Large numbers of second-brood moths emerged
in the southern part of the State.- The hot wveather hardened the twigs
of the peach earlier than usual and many of the young larvae are dying
in attempting to enter.
Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 25): The oriental fruit moth is now very abun-
dant in peach twigs.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): A general infestation is noticeable. The
4 second brood is just beginning to appear.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June): Second-brood worms in some orchards have appeared
in unusual numbers during the month, destroying the tips of nost of the
young succulent growth.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): More injury has been observed during June
than in May; however, the damage this season is much less than last year.
PEACH BORDR (Aegeria exitiosa Say)
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 17): Peach tree borer infestation is rather
scarce throughout Hale blocks but adjoining blocks of Elberta and Golden
Jubilee peaches are lightly infested.
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (Juno 19): Pupation, which started at Fort Valley
unusually early this year, has been retarded by the drought.
A MIRID (Lopidea robiniae Uhler)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Bugs were causing serious injury to peaches
at Pickens on June 17. They were spreading from black locust trees to
PEAR PSYLLA (Psyllia pyricola Foerst.)
Connecticut. P. Garman (June 19): Pear psylla is present generally but so
far not abundant, except in an occasional orchard.
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The pearpsylla is very
abundant in the Hudson River Valley, where much damage is anticipated.
The insect is less abundant in western New York.
CHERRY FRUIT FLIES (Rhagoletis spp.)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Cherry fruit fly
emergence has run as follows in a cage operated jointly by Columbia and
and Dutchess Countiest R. fausta O.S. was found in an orchard on May
26 and another individual was not f6und until June 2. No more fruit
flies emerged in the cage until June 4, when 2 R. cingulata Loew
emerged. On June 5, 2 flies emerged; on June 6, 2; on June 8, 10;
on June 10, 8; on June 11, 10; and on June 12, 47. All R. cingulata.
The heavy emergence on June 12 was preceded by showers on the evening
of the llth and in the early morning of the 12th.- Emergence did not
begin in the cage until the day after showers, which occurred on June 3.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The dark-bodied cherry fruit fly (R. fausta)
appeared at Gobles on June 3; at Niles on June 14; at Grand Rapids on
June 6; at Hart on June 12; at Beulah and Beizonia on June 16; and at
Traverse City on June 17. The white-banded cherry fruit fly (R. cingulata)
appeared at Niles on June 4; at Coloma, Fennvillo, and Grand Rapids on
June 6; and at Traverse City on June 17.
BLACK CHERRY APHID (Myzus cerasi Fab.)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 8): Black aphids are very
abundant in Ulster County on sweet cherries where no spray was applied,
and also abundant on sour cherries', especially Early Richmond, in some
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): M. cerasi was very abundant in sweet cherry
orchards at Bristol visited on June 19.
UGLY-NEST CATERPILLAR (Cacoecia cerasivorana Fitch)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): The ugly-nest cherry worm was very
abundant throughout the eastern part of the State. Its work was very
conspicuous as far west as central Worcester County.
CHERRY LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella cavicollis Lee.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The cherry leaf beetle has been reported fron
Onaway, Bellaire, Boyne City, Iron Mountain, Cheboygan, Petoskey, Cadil-
lac, and Traverse City.
COTTONY-CUSHION SCALE (Iccrya purchasi Mask.)
Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (June 20): The ccttony-cushion scale has been reported
on plum trees from Washita County. The infestation is quite heavy in
RASPBERRY SAWFLY (Monophadnoides rubi Harr.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The raspberry sawfly is exceedingly abundant
in the vicinities of Monroe, Adrian, and Ann Arbor.
GRAPE ROOT WORM (Fidia viticida Walsh)
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 17): Adults of the grape root worn are abundant
in several vineyards at Canden. The 10-day spray is being applied.
GRAPE PLUTME MOTH (Oxyptilus periscelidactylus Fitch)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): The grape plume moth was the cause
of nore complaints fron all sections of the State during the latter part
of May than we usually receive.
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 1): Grape pluie noth was
abundant on Ulster County grapes that had been neglected.
Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (May 30): The grape plume moth is found in and about
NAVEL ORANGE WORM (4yelois venipars Dyar)
Arizona. D. F. Barnes (May 5): Larvae in dates collected near Tempe in
November 1935 by K. B. McKinney, D. F. Barnes, and Perez Sinmons produced
adults which have been identified by C. Heinrich. Larvae were found in
dates on the palms but were much more abundant in fallen dates.
FALSE CHINCH BUG (yvsius ericae Schill.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 25): The false chinch bug has been causing some
damage on strawberries in the vicinity of Fennville and South Haven.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Nursery inspectors report the false
chinch bug very abundant in central Wisconsin strawberry patches.
Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (June 22): False chinch bug infesting cornfields
in Wadena County.
North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June): Field-crop injury is subsiding.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): A terrific outbreak of false chinch
bug has occurred in South Dakota. Crops attacked are garden crops, small
grains, flax, alfalfa, sweetclover, fruit trees, and berries. Bugs are
attracted in immense numbers to electric lights. In front of store
windows they could be scooped up by handfuls.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 20): The common false chinch bug was reported
as attacking corn in Fillmore County on June 16.
California. S. Lockwood (June 12): Sporadic but localized outbreaks of the
false chinch bug have occurred on grapes in Napa, Sacramento, and Merced
Counties and have caused small loss to young tomato plants in Sacramento
C. K. Fisher and D. F. Barnes (June 11): False chinch bugs were
doing some damage on May 13--enough to necessitate treatment in spots
in a young vineyard 10 miles southeast of Fresno. Some loaves were
entirely killed by bugs.
FLEA BEETLES (Halticinae)
New York. N. Y. Coll, Agr. News Letter (Juno 15): Flea beetles are becoming
serious in the western part of the State.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The triangle flea beetle (Disonycha triangu-
laris: Say) has been exceedingly abundant on spinach and other garden
crops at East Lansing, Lake Odessa, Fremont, Clarksville, Grand Rapids,
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): The pale-striped flea beetle (Systena taeniata
blanda Melsh.) is quite injurious in several northwestern Ohio counties
and is reported feeding upon young corn, tomatoes, and sugar beets.
Indiana, J. J. Davis (June 22): The pale-striped flea beetle has been very
abundant and destructive to tomato plantings throughout the northern half
of the State, reports being received on June 8 and every day since that
date. Several reports of injury to field and sweet corn have also been
received. While most reports are from the northern half of the State,
one report fron North Vernon reports damage to corn. The sinuate flea
beetle (Phyllotreta vittata Fab.) was abundant in alfalfa at Winamac
about June 10.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 22): Pale-striped flea beetles have-been abun-
dant throughout the northern two-thirds of the State. It has been
attacking corn, soybeans, garden beans, and some other crops.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Recently one of the common black flea
beetles usually found feeding on bullnettles has been attacking potatoes
very heavily and doing much danago to the foliage.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 19): A complaint was received on Junoe19 from
Franklin County, stating that the western cabbage flea beetle (P.
pusilla Horn) was damaging the leaves of radishes and kohlrabi.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 18): Flea beetles are seriously damaging young
tomato plants at Logan. Only moderate danmare to sugar beets in fields
examined this spring.
BLISTER BEETLES (Meloidae)
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 15): Blister beetles are unusually
abundant on potatoes this year.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Garden crops, leaves of trees and bushes,
alfalfa, sweetclovor, and potatoes are the main crops being attacked over
much of the State. Drmiage is severe.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 22): Blister beetles, Epicauta sp., apparently
are quite numerous this year and are causing considerable injury to
garden crops. Reports of injury to potatoes have boon received from
Fredonia, Clay Center, and Wamego. Garden crops in general were reported
injured at Onaga, Hazelton, Manhattan, and Sedan.
YELLOW WOOLLY BEAR (Diacrisia virginica Fab.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): Woolly bears were repeatedly reported eating
the leaves of rhubarb, lettuce, beets, and other garden plants in Lan-
caster and Washington Counties during the third week in June.
SEED CORN MAGGOT (Hyletmia cilicrura Rond.)
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Seed corn maggots are unusually severe
in many southern counties requiring replanting beans and corn in a great
POTATO AND TOMATO
COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 28): Adults are damaging tomatoes at Frankfort.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): The Colorado potato beetle
is from moderately to very abundant in the southern third of the State.
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (June): Very abundant in places in the west-central part
of the State.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): The Colorado potato beetle has been more
abundant on many patches than for many years. On the other hand, they
seem to be scattered, as other patches have scarcely been touched.
Tennessee. G. M. 3entley (June 20): A snall hunber found in commercial
Irish-potato-growing sections of the State.
Idaho. R. W. Haegele (June 15): Numerous infestations are appearing again in
Canyon County. There has been no injury since 1934.
POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix cucuneris Harr.)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 18): Potato flea beetles generally abundant.
Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): Causing the usual amount of damage to
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): The potato flea beetle was damaging potatoes
at Linton early in the month.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 20): Potato flea beetle is from moderately
to very abundant on potatoes and tomatoes.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): The potato flea beetle was reported damaging
tonato plants in Thurston County on June 1, attacking Potato plants
in Richardson County on June 10, and doing injury to bean and cucumber
plants in Sheridan County on June 12.
WESTERN POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix subcrinita Lec.)
Washington. R. S. Lehman (June): The western potato flea beetle is doing
considerable damage to the seedlings and the young tomato plants set
out in the field. Some of the growers have had their seedlings des-
troyed before they noticed that germination had taken place.
POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashm.)
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): There is a general infestation on toma-
toes and potatoes throughout the State, but the number of aphids per
plant is still small.
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): The pink and green potato aphid has been
very scarce in the Norfolk area this spring.
TOMATO PINWORM (Gnorimoschema lycopersicc-la Busck)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): The tomato pinworm had been rather abun-
dant for the past 2 years in a local greenhouse that had been growing
late fall and early spring crops of tomatoes. The late fall crop was
omitted last year and there has been no evidence of pinworms in the
spring crop this year.
Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (June 25): A complaint of the tomato
pinworm in tomato was received from New Augusta, Perry County on June
10. Damage in the trucking sections of Copiah and Lincoln Counties is
lighter than usual.
HORNWORMS (Phlogethontius spp.)
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): The first moths of P. quinquemaculata
Haw. and P. sexta Johan. were observed on June 5 feeding on nectar-
producing flowers. P. sexta was more abundant. Several tomato and pepper
fields were examined during the week of Juno 15-20 and 75 percent of the
plants in some fields in Cumberland, Atlantic, and Salem Counties con-
tained one or more eggs.
California. A. E. Michelbachor (June 20): A few horn worms can be found in
many tomato fields in central California. Many of these are reaching
IMEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna varivestis Muls.)
Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): Eggs were found as early as May 25 in
southern Connecticut. Apparently not as abundant as in 1935.
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The bean beetle was
observed the first week in June on Long Island. By the last week of the
month larvae were appearing in Suffolk County.and adults were causing
considerable injury in Chautauqua County.
New Jersey. T. J. Headlo (June 24): Injury does not seem to be as severe
as it was this time last season. Very few growers have had to apply
M. Kisliuk (June 12): Mr. Kostal has noted that the Mexican
bean beetle has been much less abundant on garden beans at Morganville,
in Monmouth County, than at any time during the past five seasons.
Pennsylvania. C. D. Thomas (June 10); Bean beetles plentiful and very des-
tructive on beans at Emerald.
Virginia. W. J. Schoene (June 25): The most unusual occurrence is the
scarcity of the Mexican bean beetle in many sections of the State.
At Blacksburg beans will mature with practically no injury. Apparently
beetles are still emerging from hibernation.
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 26): Serious damage is just beginning
to appear generally over the State.
South Carolina. C. 0. Bare (June 18): Five locations in plots totalling
about one-third acre of beans at the Truck Experiment Station farm at
Charleston were found to be infested with larvae and adults. About
2 weeks prior to this a dead beetle had been found among cabbage
leaves. This is the first season that this insect has been found on
Georgia. C. H. Alden (June 15-22): Very abundant on unsprayed beans around
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): The beetle is loss noticeable this
year in all parts of Tennessee than it has been for several years.
Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (June 25): The first noticeable damage
at Aberdeen was found on May 23. A complaint was received from Hatties-
burg on June 3. An infestation was found at Purvis, Lamar County, on
June 19, this being a new county infested by spread from Hattiesburg.
The beetles were quite abundant at Laurel, Jones County, on June 8, its
first appearance in that town.
Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (June 22): The Mexican bean beetle is causing much
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Mexican bean beetle is beginning to show
up in some localities, but is not as injurious as in 1935. First observed
on beans at Lafayette on May 27.
PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. Weekly News Letter (June 8): Hugh Glasgow
reports that the pea aphid is developing rapidly in Ontario County,
some fields being already heavily infested, and it looks very much as
if we are going to have a repetition of the trouble we had last year.
I have found fields where from 60 to 70 percent of the plants are in-
fested, and infestations of from 20 to 40 percent are not uncommon.
R. D. Morgan reports that in Genesee County it is not hard to find lice
in the pea fields, although the infestation is not serious.
Michigan. R. Hutson (Juno 20): The pea aphid is numerous at Fremont, Owosso,
Lake Odessa, Saginaw, and St. Johns.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Extremely heavy losses from the pea
aphid to canning peas of the early crop just being harvested are re-
ported from all sections of the State.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): In spite of the recent drought and hot
weather, quite a sprinkle of the common pea aphid has recently appeared
on garden peas at Columbia. The ladybeetles, however, have been very
active in keeping them under control.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 23): Reported causing injury to garden peas
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Serious damage to English pease was reported
from Beach on May 26.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 25): Pea aphids have seriously damaged one field
of canning peas in North Logan, and damage to peas is rather general in
northern Utah. Large numbers of aphids are dispersing from pea fields
in the Weber County area to tomatoes and other crops. This condition is
causing considerable local worry. (June 28): Injury to peas becomes
more serious daily throughout northern Utah. Some commercial patches
have been ruined. This is the nost serious outbreak in more than 11
ZEBRA CATERPILLAR (Mamestra picta Harr.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Zebra caterpillar larvae about inch long were
abundant on garden peas at Fort Wayne on June 16 and were riddling
foliage of gladiolus at Greenfield on June 15.
CABBAGE INSECTS (Lepidoptera)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): The cabbage looper (Autographa brassicae
Riley) and the larvae of the diamond-backed moth (Plutella maculiponnis
Curt.) have been vory scarce this spring around Norfolk.
South Carolina. W. J. Reid and C. 0. Bare (June 24): Although retarded to
a considerable extent by adverse weather during the winter and early
spring, the populations of the three more important species of green
worms that attack cabbage in this locality--the diamond-back moth, the
cabbage looper, and the imported cabbage worn (Ascia rapae L.)-- became
so numerous during May and the early part of June as to cause severe
damage to the late plantings of cabbage. In experimental plantings the
yield of Grade 1 cabbage was reduced from approximately 50 to 90 percent.
In relative abundance the species occurred in the order named, from most
to least abundant. One hundred and six larvae of the diamond-back noth,
12 cabbage loopers, and 10 imported cabbage worns were known to have
developed to the pupal stage on single plants (not the sane plants).
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): The cabbage looper was reported on May 30
at Morton, was fairly abundant at State College at the same time and is
reported by Inspector L. J. Goodgame as giving considerable trouble to
cabbage in northern Mississippi.
IMPORTED CABBAGE WORM (Ascia rapae L.)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): The imported cabbage worm has been more
abundant around Norfolk and caused more damage during the past month
than it has in the past 4 years.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): The second-brood adults of the
imported cabbage worm are very abundant.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): There is very heavy infestation of
imported cabbage worm noticed generally over the State this year.
Missouri. L. Haseman (Juno 24): The imported cabbage worn seemingly got
a late start this year, but during the latter half of June has been
unusually abundant. We have had complaints fron most sections of the
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (May 29): Cabbage worms were found attacking cabbage
in Seward County on May 29.
CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemyia brassicao Boucho)
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): Root maggot has been unusually
serious in radish plantings.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (Juno 22): Cabbage maggot reported damaging cabbage
at Indianapolis on June 2.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): The cabbage maggot continues to be
a major truck-crop pest in cabbage-growing areas in southeastern Wisconsin
and small gardeners report it more abundant than usual.
CABBAGE APHID (Brovicoryne brassicae L.)
Virginia. G. Walker (June 24): The cabbage aphid has been rather abundait
on cabbage and seed kalo at Norfolk but the outbreak is begininni to 1ie
Tennessee. G. M. Bontley (June 20): Cabbage aphid continues to be present
on cabbage in large numbers throughout the State.
Missouri. L. Haseoan (June 24): During the first 2 weeks in Juno many
gardeners and farmers lost much of their early cabbage from plant lice.
About the middle of the month, however, they began to clear up.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 8): On June 8 a Nance County correspondent
reported the cabbage aphid working on his cabbage.
A WEEVIL (Ceutorhynchus assimilis Payk.)
Washington. J. Wilcox and W. W. Baker (May 27): Q. assinilis is abundant on
seed cabbage and other crucifer seed crops at Mt. Vernon, in Skagit
County and also in the northwestern part of Snohonish County. The
seed men and farmers are very much concerned and are seriously consider-
Oregon. J. Wilcox and W. W'. Baker (May 27): C. assimilis was taken at Orenco
in Washington County this year.
STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. Weekly News Letter (June 22): Numerous and
destructive in Niagara County.
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): Striped cucumber beetles were moderately
abundant and injuring cucurbits in the Northern Neck of Virginia on June
5; however, this insect has not been nearly so destructive as it was last
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 2): The larva of Diabrotica sp., probably
vittata, was attacking watermelon plants at Tuscaloosa on May 7.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Reports that the cucumber beetle is
unusually abundant are coming in from all sections of the State.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): The striped cucumber beetle
is from moderately to very abundant in some places in southern Minnesota.
South Dakota. H. C. Sevorin (June 21): Striped cucumber beetle attacking
cucumbers generally. Much more abundant than usual.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Snall numbers of spotted and striped cucumber
beetles suddenly appeared from June 20 to 25 at Columbia.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): The striped cucumber beetle was reported
damagini cucurbits in Thurston, Lancaster, and Greeley Counties during
the first 3 weeks of June.
CARROT BEETLE (Ligyrus aibbosus DoG.)
olawmre. L. A. Stearns (June 10 and 18): Serious damage to cantaloupes and
sunflowers at Seaford on June 10 and to sunflowers and marigolds at
Greenville on June I8. Specimens of adults collected at Seaford were
MELON WOORM (Diaphania hyalinata L.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 22): The melon worn is seriously damaging squash
PICKLE WORM (Diaphania nitidalis Stoll)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 26): Although cantaloupes will not start to
ripen until next week, the pickle worm has appeared on green melons in
a 3-acre patch at Powersville.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Complaints of injury have been received
from Yazoo City, Starkville, Pascagoula, and Jackson.
SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 22): The squash bug is seriously damaging squash
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 23): Squash bugs quite abundant this year. Have
been laying eggs for 2 weeks.
Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (June 25): The squash bug is rather
abundant. It is reported from Hollandale, Washington County, and also
from Harrison County. A heavy infestation was noted at Kiln, Hancock
County, late in May.
Missouri. L. Hasenan (June 24): Although we have received a few complaints
from gardeners throughout the State, this pest has been unusually scarce
SQUASH BORER (Melittia satyriniformis Hbn.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 22): The squash vine-borer is seriously
damaging squash at Experiment.
Mississippi. H. Gladney (June 25): Some damage by the squash vine borer has
been observed in Harrison County.
Louisiana. T. E. Snyder (June 3): Larvae collected on beans on a farm near
Pollock have been identified by C. Heinrich as M. satyriniformis. He
says:"Bean is an unusual food plant,"
CARROT VEEVIL (Listronotus latiusculus Boh.)
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee(June 24): The parsley stalk weevil has caused con-
siderable damago to celery on the muck soils in Bergen County this spring.
This is the first time this species has been recorded as injurious in
New Jersey. The infestation is quite general in the Hackensack area.
Injury occurs in fields where growth ranges from newly set plants to those
ready to harvest. Infestation counts from several fields revealed that from
15 to 40 percent of the plants wore injured. Young plants were killed
outright, and older ones rendered unfit for market.
A CUTWORM (Euxoa excellens Grote)
Washington. J. Wilcox and W. W. Baker (May): E. excellens is injuring
asparagus at Suner, in Pierce County. An examination of a small plot
of the worst infested part of a planting of 18 acres showed that 100
percent of the stalks had been attacked on May 25. The planter said
that he has had similar damage for many years but never as severe as
this. Some hills have a dozen larvae.
ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparagi L.)
Washington, C. W. Getzendaner (May 29): Adults, eggs, and larvae have been
found at Sumner. Danage is already apparent and beetles were found on
nearly every plant. They are much nore n~umerous than last year when the
beetle was first discovered in this locality.
ASPARAGUS MINER (Agronyza simplex Loew)
Washington. J. Wilcox and W. 7. Baker (May 28): Flies were observed on
asparagus plants at Sunner, in Pierce County, but no damage was found.
Flies were mating.
ONION THRIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.)
Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): Appeared early in June on onions, much
earlier than usual.
New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 24): Onion thrips have caused very little
danage to early onions in southern New Jersey. The early crops are now
being harvested. Several conplaints have come in of thrips on seed
onions in the muck sections of northern New Jersey.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 25): The onion thrips is beginning to appear in
onion fields about Marshall.
ONION MAGGOT (Hylenyia antiqua Meig.)
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): The onion maggot has caused much
damage, especially in the western counties.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 25): Onion maggot has been reported as abundant
at East Lansing, Howell, and Marshall.
A MIRID (Labopidea allii Knight)
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The onion mirid did considerable damage in small
onion fields in southeastern Iowa. In Bloomfiold some small patches of
onions were almost destroyed.
CARWDT RUST FLY (Psila rosae .Fab.)
New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. Weekly News Letter (June 22): Maggot injury
has been found in several late celery plant beds in Wayne County. Injury
is nost severe on the beds planted on muck that grew celery last year.
Washington. A. J. Hanson (May 28): Carrot rust fly is very serious in the
Puget Sound district and is spreading every year. This post has made it
difficult to produce carrots for market in this section. (Det. by C. T.
STRAWBERRY LEAF ROLLER (Ancylis comptana Frool.)
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): The strawberry leaf roller has been
favored by dry weathor and has been a major strawberry pest. A recent
tour of inspection revealed that it is more prevalent than usual, Many
requests for control measures are likewise being received.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 4): The strawberry leaf roller is reported
to be doing danage at Dayton.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): Reports of damage to strawberry plants by the
strawberry leaf roller were received from Gage and Custer Counties on
May 23 and June 4, respectively.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 20): Very abundant in northeastern Kansas, in the
vicinities of Troy and Wathena.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 11): First generation beconing abundant at
Providence; moths still moderately abundant. (June 20): Strawberry
loaf rollers are damaging strawberry foliage in Cache Valley.
STRAWBERRY CROWN BORER (Tyloderma fragariae Riley)
Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 25): The strawberry drown borer is abundant in
some patches in the Paducah area.
SPINACH LEAF MINER (Pegonyia hyoscyani Panz)
Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): Serious danage to sood beets at Mount
Camel in the southern part of the State.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): Spinach loaf miner very abundant.
In Fayette County it is especially abundant in the valleys but does not
occur at higher elevations.
Michigan. R. Hutson (Juno 20): The beot leaf minor is very numerous on
sugar beets at Holland and moderately abundant on spinach at Fremont
and Lake Odessa.
New York. M. Kisliuk (June 12): Since May 15 a progressive increase in the
.population of the spinach leaf miner on Long Island and in other rural
centers near New York City has been noted. At first the infestation was
hardly noticed but by June 10 a number of carloads had been rejected and
nearly 100 percent of the spinach tops were found to have numerous naggots.
New Jersey. M. Kisliuk (June 12): E. Kostal remarked that this leaf minor
is exceptionally severe in garden spinach, Swiss chard, and beet tops
at Morganlville, Monmouth County.
GREEN PEACH APHID (vyzus persicae Sulz.)
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): The green peach aphid has caused
serious damage on spinach in the Philadelphia area.
RHUBARB CURCULIO (Lixus concavus Say)
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): Rhubarb curculio has been generally
abundant throughout the State.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): The rhubarb curculio has been frequently
reported as damaging rhubarb. Reports received from May 13, at frequent
intervals, to June 18. All reports have come from the northern half of
the State, except one from Bedford, Lawrence County.
MINT FLEA BEETLE (Longitarsus waterhousci Kutsch.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The mint flea beetle is causing considerable
damage in Borrien County.
BEET WEBWORM (Loxostege sticticalis L.)
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 25): Large numbers of moths are coning to light
traps at Logan, Tremonton, Hooper, Clinton, Syracuse, Pleasant Grove,
and Spanish Fork.
Wyoming. M. Greenwald (June 22): Millers were very numerous at Powell up to
June 15, after which date they dropped off gradually in numbers. Worms
are now numerous enough in some sugar beet fields to warrant spraying.
BEAN APHID (Aphis rumicis L.)
California. S. Lockwood (June 12): The bean aphid is more prevalent than
usual in the Sacranento River Delta. They were numerous enough -to shorten
the crop of horse beans, and they migrated into sugar beets after the
horse beans became dry. It is doubtful whether 800 acres of sugar'beets
in this region will withstand the attack made by these aphids.
SWEETPOTATO SAWFLY (Sterictophora cellularis Say)
Delaware. P. L. Rice (June 18): Very abundant in small area near Laurel,
in Sussex County.
TORTOISE BEETLES (Cassidinae)
Delaware. P. L. Rice (June 10-18): Metriona bivittata Say is present in
varying abundance in most fields in the Laurel-Seaford section. Injury
severe in a few fields.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 2): Tortoise beetles, M. bicolor Fab., M.
bivittata, and Chirida guttata Oliv., were reported as attacking sweet-
potato vines at Fairhope on May 6.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): The tortoise beetle (Chirida guttata)
was attacking sweetpntatoes at New Albany on June 13.
C O TT 0 N IN S E C T:S
BOLL WEEVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 20): Infestation is very light throughout the
northern and central parts of the State.
Oklahora. C. F. Stiles (June 20): So far no weevils have emerged from the
hibernation cages at Eufaula, where we have 25,500 in hibernation. This
is the first year in the past 4 that weevils have not overwintered.
F. A. Fenton (June 23): The boll weevil has appeared in fields
in the southeastern part of the State, being observed in McCurtain and
Choctaw Counties, The infestation is spotted and light and no damage is
Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 12): First-generation weevils now may be found in
southern and central Texas and are already causing considerable injury.
In one field of Victoria County, 75 percent of the squares were punctured,
and in Matagorda County, 20 percent. Although little cotton is grown in
the vicinity of Dinnit County, in one field examined 81 percent of the
squares were found to be infested. (June 19): Boll weevils have been
found in Kaufman and Smith Counties in northern and northeastern Texas.
They occurred at the rate of 50 per acre in Kaufman County. In 5
counties of southeastern Texas the infestation was 16 percent, with a
maximum of 38 percent in Matagorda County. In 8 counties of southern
Texas the average infestation on 11 farms was 15 percent, with a maxi-
mum of 40 percent in Jackson County. (June 26): The average infes-
tation was 24 percent on 10 farms in the southern part and 27 percent
on 7 farms in southeastern part of the State. This is an increase of
9 and 11 percent, respectively, over the infestation reported the
COTTON LEAF WORM (Alabama argillacea Hbn.)
Texas. F. L. Thomas (June 12): Full-grown cotton leaf worms were found
last week in Nuoces County and half-grown specimens in San Patricio
County. (June 19): The second-generation moths are now flying. The
worms have been reported from Jim Wolls County and as far up the coast
as Matagorda County. (June 26): The first leaf worms to be reported
in central Texas were found in the Brazos Bottoms of Burleson County on
North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 26): Cotton is heavily infested with
aphids over a wide area of the State.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): During the latter part of May and the early
wooks of June, many fields of cotton in the southern part of the State
were rather heavily infested with the cotton aphid (Aphis &ossypii
Glov.). With warm weather and an abundance of predators, the aphids
have practically disappeared.
F. A. Fenton (June 23): Unusually prevalent on cotton at
chopping time throughout most of the State and in some cases killed the
plants, necessitating replanting. Most of the plants, however, had fully
recovered by the end of the month.
COTTON FLEA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Rout.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Infestation in the vicinity of State College
is very light. The insect is present on stveral farms in the Delta and
central part of the State.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 23): Reports have been received of the presence
of the cotton flea hopper. Injury at present seems to be centered in
the southeastern part of the State in the counties along the Red River,
especially in Bryan County.
Texas. F. L. Thomas (Juno 5): The average number of flea hoppers hatching
from 100 croton woods in May was more than double the number hatching
during any previous May for the past 10 years. (June 12): Flea
STATE PLANT BOARD
hoppers are increasing in southern and east-central Texas, but have not
boon found on cotton in northern Texas. (Juno 19): Reports have been
received from 69 farms in 25 counties where control demonstrations are
being conducted. These counties extend from Jim Wells, in the south,
to Grayson,in northern Texas. Flea hoppers are present on 51 of the
farms and are causing injury on 33. (June 26): Fleahoppers are more
widely distributed than during last week, but are in smaller numbers on
cotton in the State as a whole. However, their numbers increased and
more than doubled on the farms examined in Ellis, Grayson, and Kaufman
Counties, in northern Texas, but only in Grayson and Kaufman were they
sufficiently numerous to be injurious. Increased numbers were also found
on farms in Brazoria, DeWitt, Matagorda, Refugio, and Victoria Counties,
but in 8 other counties along the coast and in 3 counties examined in
central Texas there was a reduction in the number of flea hoppers.
A TENEBRIONID (Blapstinus sonorac Csy.)
Arizona. T. P. Cassidy (May): This beetle caused considerable damage to
cotton in parts of the Salt River Valley of Arizona in May by cutting
off the seedlings near the surface of the ground. (Dot. by E. A..
Alabama. H. C. Young and T. Thompson (Juno): A severe outbreak of thrips
(species not determined) is occurring on cotton at Cullman. The
damage varies, but all fields show injury and in some from 50 to 7.5
percent of the terminal buds have been killed.
Mississippi. E. .. Dunnan and J. C. Clark (June 6): Thrips are causing some
rag;infg in al-ost all fields. They are nunerous in our experimental
plats, blasting the buds in 10 percent of the plants after thinning.
(Juno 20): Thrips are very plentiful in the cotton fields of Jashington
County and damnrae is apparent.
FO REST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS
Maine. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 12): A large area of oak and maple wood-
land between Biddeford and Kennebunk was severely injured by the fall
cankerworm (Alsophila pometaria Harr.).
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 25): Cankerworms were nore abundant than
usual generally over the State and their work was quite conspicuous at
many points. A serious outbreak was found in southern Berkshire County,
where the insects caused almost complete defoliation of many of the
large elms, particularly south of Great Barrington and along the Connec-
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): Miany elm and oak trees have been de-
foliated by the spring cankerworm (Paleacrita vernata Peck.), particularly
in the northern and western parts of the State. Such a severe outbreak
has not occurred in these sections in recent years, and property owners
were unprepared for it. Specimens have been received from Bridgeport,
Danbury, Litchfield, and Waterbury. Fall cankerworms have, as usual,
been prevalent in the southern part of the State and some orchard, shade,
and woodland trees have been defoliated.
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): Cankerworms (both species) have defoliated
shade trees in parts of Albany County. The fall cankerworn has been much
less abundant in Westchester County this year than during the last 4 or
M. Kisliuk (June 12): On May 30 severe damage to the foliage of
various forest trees, particularly oak and naple, by the spring canker-
worm was noted at the various New York State parks on Long Island. Many
of the trees were nearly 75 percent defoliated and the larvae were so
numerous that after a 5-minute walk through some of the forest lanes a
person could pick from 25 to 100 larvae from his clothing.
New Jersey. H. W. Allen (May 24): A heavy infestation of cankerworms, with
complete defoliation of some oak and hickory noted on wooded hills north
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Fall cankerworms and other species of span worms
have caused serious defoliation of shade trees in western Ohio. While
elms have been most seriously defoliated, hackberry oak, hickory, and
maple are also affected. Some injury has also occurred to forest trees
in northeastern Ohio.
J. N. Knull (May 29): There is a severe infestation of cankerworns
in the vicinity of Clifton, in Greene County. Many elm and apple trees
are entirely defoliated. Honoylocust, wild cherry, and white oak also
show severe defoliation. Calosona willcoxi Leec. was present in large
numbers feeding on the larvae.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (Juno 22): Spring cankerworms were more abundant and
destructive in northern Indiana than for many years. Unsprayed apille
orchards wore coL-nonly defoliated; among the' shade trees, eln was most
Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (June 24): A threatening.outbreak of fall cankerworm
was reported fron Cook and Lake Counties the last of May and the first
of June. Apple, eln, hackbcrry, naple, oak,and.hickory were being de-
foliated. Larvae submitted the first of June were approximately half
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The fall cankerworn has been very abundant
in south-central Michigan.., Elms were badly defoliated.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Shade trees, principally elm, naple,
oak, and basswood, have been defoliated in large areas all over the State
by A. ponetaria.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): Cankerwormr ( three or four species) have de-
foliated many elm and other trees throughout a large part of Iowa.
Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (June): The spring cankerworn was .reported to be
damaging elm trees in Howard and Custer Counties.
FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosona disstria Hbn.)
Maine. H. B. Peirson (June): Very severe outbreaks in southwestern, eastern,
and northern Maine. East and north of :Mt. Katahdin an area of 60,000
acres was defoliated.
New Hampshire. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (June 4): At East Andover a severe infes-
tation was noticed in a forest of mixed hardwoods.
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 18): Forest tent caterpillars completely defoli-
ating many maple sugar orchards and street tree maples and some elms
in the southern half of the State. Many dead larvae were seen on tree
trunks in Addison County, apparently the result of wilt disease. Cocoons
were found in considerable numbers on June 11. Pupation occurred from
1 to 2 weeks earlier than last year.
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): Tent caterpillars began to hatch
about the 9th or 10th of April and have been unusually abundant, fully
as abundant in the eastern part of the State as they were last year.
Loaf injury has been considerable.
Connecticut. 7. E. Britton (June 22): In Windsor, on June 4, moderate numbers
of caterpillars were observed resting on the trunks of oak trees but leaf
injury was slight. Gypsy moth scouts report this insect very abundant
in the vicinity of Union City and Stafford. M. P. Zappe observed them as
numerous in Canaan, Litchfield, Salisbury, Sharon, and Thompsonville.
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The forest tent caterpillar has been
very abundant on shade trees in Albany, and on shade and forest trees
in many places in eastern New York. Many trees have been defoliated
in and about Keene and Koene Valley in Essex County.
N. Y. State Coll. Ar. News Letter (June 8): Tent caterpillars
of the forest-tree species are abundant in many prune and apple orchards
in Niagara County.
Michigan. R. Hutson (June 20): The forest tent caterpillar is abundant over
the northern end of the Lower Peninsula and the eastern half of the
Minnesota. A. G. Ru-gles (Juno): The northern third of the State, with the
exception of Red River Valley, is overrun with M. disstria. In the Arrow-
head section around Ely and Tower they are very abundant, but the eastern
end of Cook County has the worst devast:ation ever seen there. Everything
is alive with caterpillars. Poplar is the choice frod in this county,
while basswood is the choice in Ottortail County.
FALL WEBWO7BMS (Hyphantria spp.)
Maine. H. B. Poirson (June 15): Moths of the fall webworm (H. textor Harr.)
are flying at Houlton.
Maryland. G. Myers (June 25): The fall webworn has appeared on several fruit
and shade trees with several webs on each tree at Avery, 2- niles cast
of Rockville. Several caterpillars, which were almost grown and had evi-
dently fallen from a tree, were feeding on the leaves of hollyhock.
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 25): Fall webworns arc appearing on pecan trees
at Fort Valley.
Alabama. J. 1M. Robinson (Juno 24): The first brood of fall webworms has
appeared on pecans at Auburn, Seale, and Pittsview.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): The fall wobworn was reported to be rather
generally distributed in the southeastern part of the State by June 15.
SATINT MOTH (Stiltnotia salicis L.)
New Hanpshire L. H. Worthley (June 16): District inspectors report heavy
fecding by larvae in southern and central Now Hanpshire, and a considerable
increase in the number of larvae of this species, as conpare-! with last
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 22): All poplar trees in Waterbury an! one
in Bridgeport reported to be infested.
BEECH SCALE (Cryptococcus fagi Baer.)
Maine. H. B. Poirson (June 12): Heavy infestations of the beech scale are
occurring in Washington County.
A BLISTER BEETLE (Pyrota ongelmanni Lec.)
Nebraska. M. H. Swonk (May 21): Specimens of Engelmann's blister beetle
were received from Box Butte County on May 21, having been taken from
caragana trees, which they were injuring.
ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella xanthomelaona Schr.)
New Hampshire. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 13): Adults of the elm leaf
beetle were very common on elm foliage at Hampton on June 2.
Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 13): Adults issued from hibernation
in large numbers at Woburn between May 8 and 22. P. A. Berry notes that
the infestations at North Attleboro, Middleboro, Weymouth, and Woburn
still persist and that adults, eggs, and larvae were observed in these
localities from June 8 to 10. Severe infestations have occurred here
for the last 4 or 5 years.
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 16): Report of injury and specimens at Laurel.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): 'The elm leaf beetle is very destruc-
tive. In Franklin County eggs are being laid and are hatching.
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): Elm leaf beetle has appeared in several
elm trees in the city parks of Nashville.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 8): No serious damage has come from this insect,
but newly hatched larvae were observed feeding at Columbus on June 8.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): The elm leaf beetle was reported on June 20
as defoliating large elms on a farm 6 miles southwest of Corydon,
Harrison County. This is the first authentic report of this insect in
Indiana since we began keeping records in 1920. This is the third year
of defoliation by these insects, according to the report received.
Idaho. R. W. Hacgele (June 15): Severe infestations in most communities of
southwestern Idaho, necessitating the spraying of elms. Larvae have been
hatching since the last week in May.
California. C. S. Morley (June 4): Considerable injury to elm trees caused
by the elm leaf beetle.
MOURNING-CLOAK BUTTERFLY (Hamadryas antiopa L.)
Maine. H. B. Peirson (June): Light infestation of spiny elm caterpillar
at Augusta on elm.
Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (June 24): Spiny elm caterpillar was reported
as somewhat injurious on a Pittsfield estate.
Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (June 20): Spiny elm caterpillar is unusually
abundant this spring in the vicinity of Madison, Dane County.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 21): The caterpillar of the mourning-cloak
butterfly is much more abundant than usual in the eastern part of the
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 11): Larvae have partially defoliated a number
of Siberian and American elm trees at Logan.
WOOLLY ELM APHID (Eriosoma anericanum Riley)
Rhode Island. A. E. Steno (June 22): Woolly aphids on elms have been
unusually abundant this season, probably owing to a long period of warm,
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): Elm leaves infested with the woolly
aphid received in large numbers from all sections of the State. Lack
of rain has apparently given them an unusually favorable season for their
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): Numerous reports of injury to elm trees
by the woolly elm aphid were received from May 21 to June 20, chiefly
from Washington, Boone, Howard, Hall, Valley, Holt, and Hayes Counties,
EUROPEAN ELM SCALE (Gossyparia s-puria Mod.)
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The European elm scale is reported as
abundant on elms in parts of Bronxville and also in parts of Albany.
R. E. Horsey (June): European elm scale was common and noticeable
on twigs and branches of a number of elms in Rochester.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): This insect is as abundant as usual. The first
young appeared during the week of June 15.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 24): The European elm scale, not widely
distributed in southern Wisconsin, is being observed at additional
points but is not known to be present in more than 20 localities.
Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The European elm scal3 is unusually abundant
in the southern half of the State. Some trees at Harlan have been
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 11): European elm scale is killing many branches
on large ornamental elms at Logan.
HICKORY PHYLLOXERA (Phylloxera caryaecaulis Fitch)
Connecticut and New York. E. P. Felt (June 24): The hickory leaf stem gall
occurs in small numbers here and there in southwestern Connecticut and
in southeastern New York.
R. E. Horsey (June): Hickory gall aphid is very
abundant and disfiguring on native hickory trees at Rochester.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): We have received specimens of injury from several
widely separated localities. It seems to be more abundant than usual.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): P. caryaecaulis was collected from hickory
at Boonoville on May 25.
LARCH CASE BEARER (Coleophora laricella Hbn.)
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The larch case bearer has been more than
ordinarily injurious to tamarack this spring in northern New York
forests, the first foliage in large areas having been destroyed. Many
trees are dead or dying as a result of repeated annual defoliation.
New England. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 12): The larch case bearer infes-
tations in general are much lighter throughout New England this year;
however, in some localities in Maine and New Hampshire and around Lake
Placid and Saranac in New York some foliage has been severely browned.
LARCH SAWFLY (Lygaeonematus erichsonii Htg.)
Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 13): Adults of the larch sawfly have been ob-
served flying in several places in Washington County.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (June 23): The larch sawfly is abundant and has
caused serious damage.
COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Pulvinaria vitis L,)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Cottony maple scale is showing up destructively
in the northern half of the State. This is the first time for some years
that this scale has been conspicuous.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Specimens were received from Marks on May 27
and the pest was observed at Macon on Juno 4.
South Dakota. H. C. Soverin (June): This scale is exceedingly abundant in
South Dakota. Many trees and vines look as if they were entirely
covered with a coating of popcorn.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June): Reports of damage to maple and other trees
were received from Dawson and Custer Counties.
OBSCURE SCALE (Chrysomphalus obscurus Const.)
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (Juno 20): Obscure scale is a very connon post of
sugar maple in all parts of Tennessee.
CALIFORNIA OAK WORM (Phryganidia californica Pack.)
California. R. E, Campbell (June 10): Complaints have been received of the
California oak noth attacking onak trees in Alhambra and vicinity. A
number of fine old trees on a golf course have been partially defoliated.
EUROPEAN PINE SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)
Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (June 12): The infestations of European
pine shoot noth seen to persist only in plantings of pine near the sea-
shore or on low-growing pines, such as Pinus montana mughus, a few miles
inland. At Forest Hills a large ornamental planting of Scotch pine
intermixed with mugho pine is seriously infested, while a plantation of
red pines a few hundred foot away, which was heavily infested prior to
1934, is now free from infestation.
Connecticut. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (June 12): In southwestern Connecticut
some plantations were found heavily infested this spring.
New York. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (Juno 12): In the southern half of Westchester
County and on Long Island, some plantations were found to be heavily
R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The European pine shoot moth has shown a
remarkable recovery this spring in the lower Hudson Valley. While enor-
mously abundant and destructive a few years ago in parts of Westchester
County, of the lower Hudson Valley, and of Long Island, this insect was
greatly reduced in numbers by the unusually cold winter of 1934. Larvae
and pupae were still relatively rare on untreated trees in the spring of
1935 and later in the saea year eggs were difficult to find where hundreds
were found 2 years ago. On June 10, however, a count on 10 young untreated
trees in Wostchestor County revealed an averago of between 86 and 87 living
larvae and pupae per tree.
New Jersey. J. Schaffner, Jr. (June 12): At New Vernon and Washington's
Crossing, light-to-medium infestations occurred in red pine plantations.
NANTUCKET PINE SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia frustrana Comst.)
Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): Larvae with injured pine terminals were received
from Portage County in June.
A NEDLE MINER (Paralechia pinifoliella Chamb.)
New England. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 12): In May and early in June severe
local infestations were noted on Pinus rigida at Ogunquit and Kennebunk,
Maine, Lexington and West Boylston, Mass., and Burrillville, R. I.
PALES WEEVIL (Hylobius palos Boh.)
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The pales weevil continues to be a major
post in many parts of eastern and southeastern New York. Serious injury
or death to many mugho and other pines in nurseries, ornamental plantings,
and reforested areas has been caused by the larvae working just below the
surface of the ground.
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)
Rhode Island. A. E. Stene (June 22): A white pine nursery in Providence County
reports considerable damage by white grubs in seed beds. Heavy infostations
of the grub have also been found in some lawns of the same county.
PINE NEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): Pine leaf scale was hatching from May
12 to 14, fully a week ahead of the usual date.
Now York. R. bL Glasgow (June 17): The pine needle scale is abundant and
injurious on mugho and other ornamental pines in various parts of the
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 1): The pine leaf scale was found attacking
spruce trees in Dixon County on June 1.
A SCOLYTID (p calliraphus Germ.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 25): Beetles were very'nuerous on pines at Ocean
Springs on June 16. Injury to pines in Harrison County aest month (soe
Jr.~o 1936 Bul., p. 140) attributed to the southern pine beetle (eno-
ton Ius frontalis Zimm.) has now been determined as due to this insect.
SOUTHERN MOLE CRICKET (Scapteriscus acletus R. & H.)
Texas. T. E. Snyder (May 18): These mole crickets damaged pine seedlings in
a nursery at Conroe, Montgomery County. (Det. A. B. Gurney.)
Minnesota. A. G.Ruggles (June 20): Sevelareas at oqut and Tower had
quiteof this insect on poplar.
EMPEAN SPRUCE SAWLY (Neodiprion polytomum Htg,)
Maine. H. Pion (June 12): Larve feding in a fairly heavy outbreak.
(June 1220): Larvae found feeding in 24 towns scatterod throughout
eastern and northern Maine.
I S' rS iS CG .C T I G GRE E H 0o U E
AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
.... .., i "* ., *.
A WEEVIL (Calompterus setarius Roelofs)
and pp very abundant in soil at Stratford; not quite so abundant in
SAY'S BLISTER BEETLE (Pomphopoea ag Lee.)
New Hampire. P. elt (June ~l+2 Say's blister beetle wag reported as
inrng rry and shrubbery at itna.
Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (June 1f): Heavy infestation but confined to small
area in Sharon, All blossoms of lupins eaten in several lawns. Nearly
2 gallons of adults were collected.
A BLISTER BEETLE (Mcrobasis tosa Lee.)
tit. B. ritton (June): This beetle 's a new pest in Connecticut
and had partially defoliated a hercules elub plant at Derby by June 3.
A specimen was received from Ridgefield on June 19.
CUBAN-LARL TIIPS (naikothrip uzeli Zimm.)
J. Waton (Jun 22): Cuban-laurel thrips have been very datrUe-
te whereeg and are used as ornamentals.
A 0 ID (Margarodes rapp.)
Florida.J. R, Watson (June 22): Ground pearls were reported injuring a lawu
ARBORVITAE LEAF MINER (Argyresthia thuiclla Pack.)
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The arborvitae leaf miner, which appears
to be generally distributed, even in deep forests, is a major pest of
arborvitae in some nurseries and ornamental plantings in the Hudson Valley.
EUONYMUS SCALE (Chionaspis euonymi Comst.)
Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (June 10): The euonymus scale is found infesting
mountain ash in a nursery in Chillicothe.
Mississippi. Jack Milton (June 25): Very abundant in Jackson. Some plants
were almost dead because of a heavy infestation. Reported from Leland
on June 12,
AN APHID (Rhopalosiphum melliferum Hottes)
New York. R. E. Horsey (June): Aphids (Hyadaphis xylosteri Schr.) were very
numerous on young shoots and flower buds of Lonicera spp. Flower buds
were stuntedand only a few flowers opened on June 9.
JUNIPER AND CEDAR
A SCALE INSECT (Aspidiotus coniferarum Ckll.)
Mississippi. G. L. Bond (Feb. 24): Specimens of this scale on cedar were
collected at Moss Point in February. (Det. by H. Morrison.)
OLEANDER CATERPILLAR (Syntomeida epialis Walk.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (June 22): The oleander caterpillar is extremely
abundant and destructive from St. Potersburg south. It has not reappeared
in the Gainesville section since its extermination by the cold winter
A MITE (Eriophyes sp.)
New Jersey. H. W. Allen (May 24): .There is at present a heavy infestation
of a mite on privet in Moorestown, resulting in a noticeable stunting of
the young terminals and uneven growth of hedges.
RHODODENDRON LACEBUG (Stephanitis rhododendri Horv.)
New York. R. E. Horsey (June): Considerable numbers of the first brood of
the rhododendron lacobug, both young and winged adults, found on rhodo-
dendron on June 20.
ROSE CURCULIO (Rhynchites bicolor Fab.)
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 23): Rose curculio is more abundant this year
than ever before recorded or observed at Manhattan. Cultivated roses
have been attacked.
RASPBERRY CANE BORER (Oberea bimaculata 01iv.)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): Several people have reported that their
roses were being injured by the raspberry cane borer.
ROSE SAWFLY (Galiroa aethiops Fab.)
Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (May 30): The European rose slug is very abundant on
rose plants in Columbus and vicinity. The plants showed considerable
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 20): Undared-for roses are having a heavy in-
festation of the rose sawfly this year.
Tennessee, G. M. Bentley (June 20): The blooms of outdoor-grown roses this
year have been generally infested with thrips, which caused the flowers
to shatter shortly after opening.
BLACK VINE WEEVIL (Brachyrhinus sulcatus Fab.)
Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 24. The black vine weevil was reported as in-
jurious to Taxus at Bethel.
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): The Taxus'weevil, which for some years
has been very injurious to yew in nurseries, has been reported this spring
from various parts of New York to be causing heavy losses of valuable
Taxus trees and hedges in ornamental plantings.
INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 22): Mosquito abundance continues to be reported
from various localities in the State.
Oregon. H. H. Stage (May 28): Aedes aldrichi Dyar and Knab, and A. vexans
Meig. emerged in numbers along the Columbia River beginning May 11.
SANDFLIES (Culicoides spp.)
Georgia. J. B. Hull (June 25): Along the Georgia coast sand flies continued
to be numerous around the salt marshes on warm nights when there was
little breeze. C. dovei Hall and C. canithorax Hoffm. were found in
greatest numbers this month, C. dovei constituting about 75 percent and
C. canithorax over 24 percent. Only a few C. melleus Coq. have been
AMERICAN DOG TICK (Dermacentor variabilis Say)
Massachusetts. F. C. Bishopp and C. Smith (June 20): A single adult was taken
on a cottontail rabbit, this being the first record of the rabbit as host
for the adult of this tick. New host records for immature stages of this
species were the gray rat, the jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius), and sheep.
Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (June 24): The dog tick (D. variabilis) seems to
have been more than usually common in central Illinois this spring.
A TICK (Ornithodoroaturicata Duges)
Florida. T. F. MoGChoe (June 25): The relapsing-fever tick was found in the
loose sand and debris on the floor of two lime sinks in the vicinity of
O'Brior. ':'-- nee :-anty, on May 21. A survey of the area by Homer Hixson
from j:uno t to 11 showed about 30 percent of the sinks to be rather
HOPR FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)
Massachusetts. F. C. Bishopp and C. Smith (June 19): Horn flies causing some
annovance to cattle in the Buzzards Bay district and on Martha's Vineyard.
The n.mbIocr of fles per animal ranged from 10 to 250.
Iowa. R. W. Wells (May 15): Hornflies appeared at Ames about May 15.
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Since June 15 the hornfly in central
Missouri has boen unusually abundant and vicious.
SCREW WORM (Cochliomyin amoricana C. & P.)
Oklahoma. R. Mclvin (Juno 25): One adult wes captured in a trap at Lawton
during the week of May 27 to June 3.
Texas. R. Melvin.(Jun6 25): The first infcstations this season in Parker
and Dallas Counties were reported on June 5 and June 15, respectively.
STABLE FLY (Stomoxys calcitrans L.)
Iowa. R. W. Wells (June 1): The first seasonal appearance of the stable
flies was noticed about May 15, but they have not become annoyingly
Missouri. L. Haseman (June 24): Since June 15 the stable fly has booen
unusually abundant and vicious in central Missouri.
BUFFALO GiATS (Simuliun spp.)
New York. R. D. Glasgow (June 17): Black flies wore reported on May 29 to
have been intcrfcring with W. P. A. work in Bear Mountain Park in
southeastern New York. However, they aro apparently far less abundant
this year than usual in Lake Placid area, northern Now York. The
section has been dry, streams are low, few pupae and fewer larvae were
observed on June 15, and empty cocoons indicated that emergence is
practically complete in the area named.
GULF COAST TICK (Amblyomma maculatum Koch)
Georgia. Homer Hixson (Juno 25): Examination of moado,.tla-rks at Vrldosta,
one of the principal hosts of tha immature stages of this species of
tick, indicate that nymphs wore no longer active on May 27. Examinations
of sheep and nthor animals show that infostations with the adult ticks
HORSEFLIES (Chrysops spp.)
Delaware. L. A. Stearns (May 27): C. planf cns Wiod. and C. flavidus Wiod. are
numerous and causing great annoyance tr man and livestock at Odessa.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
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HOUSEHOLD AND STO RED-PRO DUCTS INSECTS.
TERMITES (Reticulitermes spp.)
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (June 25): Many reports of termite damage have
been received this season. Most of the complaints have been from the
vicinity of Springfield, in southern Hampden County, although reports of
rather serious damage have come from other parts of the State.
Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): Reported cases of damage decreased during
June, since the flight season is about over.
Minnesota. A. G. Rugglos (June): We have located some termites in Minnesota,
damaging timbers of a house at Luverne.
Iowa. H. E. Jaques (June 22): Many of the fences on a farm in Des Moines
County are reported to be badly eaten by R. tibialis Bks.
Maine. H. B. Peirson (June): Many calls have been received of black carpen-
ter ants (Camponotus herculeanus pennsylvanicus DeG.) invading homes
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (May 28): The black carpenter ant was reported working
in a basement in Washington County. (June 6): The black garden ant
(Formica fusca Hinds) was reported present in damaging numbers in the
garden of a Dawes County correspondent. Complaints of the western har-
vester, or mrund-building prairie ant (Pogonomyrmex occidentalis Cress.),
working in gardens and fields were received during the latter part of
May and the first few days of June fromFranklin, Harlan, and Furnas
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 19): Mound-building prairie ants are reported to
be very destructive in alfalfa fields at Oakley, Brewster, Gem, and
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June): Ants of several species have been giving
considerable trouble because of their invastion of flowers.
PEA WEEVIL (Bruchus pisorum L.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 25): Weevils emerged today from pods of Austrian
winter pea picked at Griffin on June 11.
A CLOTHES MOTH (Tineola uterella Walsingham)
Florida. J. R. Watson (June 22): Has been reported in a few localities,
although the numbers are much smaller than during the last few years, prob-
ably because the species was heavily parasitized last year.