THE INSECT PEST SURV TE pLA
A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued an the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.
Volume 12 April 1, 1932. Numnber 2
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
IN S EC T P'E S T S U'R V E Y B ULLET IN
Vol. 12 April 1, 1932 T7o. 2
THE MORE I4PORTANT RECORDS FOR MARCH, 1932
Following the very mild winter, very severe storms, with unusually
low temperatures, prevailed over much of the eastern part of the United
States during March, and frost extended well into the Gulf region.
The situations with regard to the Hessian fly and the chinch bug have
not materially changed since our last report, although it is believed by
some observers that the extreme cold snap was somewhat deleterious to the
The usual spring complaints of cutworm infestations were received
from practically the entire southern half of the United States.
The sugarcane borer, which was developing rapidly prior to the cold
weather, was very materially checked by the killing of a large part of the
above-ground cane in Louisiana. The first adult was observed in that sec-
tion on February 4, and eggs were first observed in the field on the 16th
of that month.
Reports from South Carolina indicated that rrior to March 26 a few
codling moths emerged in outdoor cages; some had nupated about that time,
but no adults emerged prior to March 21 in Georgia. The very cold weather
that prevailed in the East Central States apparently had no deleterious
effect on the larvae. Examinations made since the cold weather show from
90 to 95 per cent of the overwintering larvae alive in Illinois. At San
Jose, Calif., pu-oation was takcing nlace, but no adults had emerged by
Larvae of the eastern tc t cateroillar are starting to emerge in the
Gulf region. 7- orts of h... c'i.nr" were received from the first of the month
on, from ArT-s -s, MissiS- 1,i, Missouri, and parts of Texas. This insect
is more abur_-'nt in th:e l-tt-r State than it has been observed in many
2ggs of fruit aphids were renorted as quite generally scarce through-
out Iev~ ~igland, and from moderately to very abundant over the 3ast Con-
tral and M"iddle Atlantic States. The eg:s of both the apple grain anhid
and the rosy a-ple ahid have alreadj started to hatch in the lower oart
of the Zast Central States.
The Florida red scale is reported as more abundant than it has been
in several years in Florida; and a rather heavy infestation of the Cali-
fornia red scale has been discovered near Yuma, Ariz.
During( the early oart of this year the vegetable weevil was found in
Early, Muscogcc, and Trou-o Counties, Georgira; in Jashington, Bay, Gulf,
and Calhoun Counties, Florida; a-nd it was found in Butler, Montgomory,
Macon, Chambers, Pike, Barbour, Russell, Dale, and Houston Counties, Ala-
bama, in addition to the counties already k1,o;n to be infested.
The seed corn maggot vas reoorted durin:- the entire month as more or
less troublesome to *ootato seed -ieces and corn seed alon. the South At-
lantic seaboard and around the Gulf to Tcxas.
Thie change is attracting unusual attention by its damage to tobacco
seed beds about Chadbourn, 7. C.
The -iea ;ohid is attack~in Austrian neas, _a lish -eas, and garden
neas at mrany noints in .lab'rm, Vississin-i, nnd Arizona.
The severe damage being done to cabbage in the South Atlantic and Gulf
States during February continued 'ell into '"arch.
The '-hite s-ruce savfl (Dinrion olytomum Htg.) has been reoorted
from Bar Erbor, 7e. Tnis appears to be the first record of this insect
for the :lIted States.
A Dine tin moth, Zuetric ri.iddn-a Fern., is rc-orted as causin: serious
inj -r; to young oine trees at Jeanerette, La.
Tie Mexican mealyb ug Pheancoccus -oss-nii Tovns. & C'=1l. is attracting
considcrable attention as a greenhouse nest in ccntrnl and northern Ohio.
Strav.berry nlants and fruit suffered from a number of insect activities
in the So th Atl:ntic and G-ulf States. L.rvae of thc ~;reen June beetle 7ere
rcDortcd *ns ridm-ing the -lrnts about Chrdbo aru, T. C. The bug Orthaea
v1Icta. Say, in the northern -art of Florida, arnd the graec lenfhon.-ecr,
about Rocy 'ount, I. C., were attacking the blossom stems. The fruit vas
bei:, di.mo.ed by Tlnt bufs in Alaba-a, by a beetle, Crymtiscus obsoletus
Sr-, in Mississio-i, and also by field crickets and garden slugs in that
State. The beetle has heretofore, as fnr as ye cmn ascertain, not been re-
corded as nest of str'rberries.
GEN RAL F 2 fER S
Connecticut B. H. Walden (March 24): ZTymphs of overwintering species
of grasshoppers are mnderately abundant.
Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): Schistocerca americana Drury re-
ported moderately abundant, more common than usual for March.
Minnesota A. G. Ruggles (March 21): In the infested districts, as
reported last year, eggs are extremely abundant. In one of
our stops in the worst areas we found as many as 180 ege pods
per square foot. These eggs have been brought in from time to
time during the winter and in ten days are giving us all the way
from a 95 to a 100 per cent hatch.
North Dakota J. A. Munro (March 26): Recently numerous specimens of
rather harmless species of grasshoppers have been received
from Sheridan, Hettinger, and McLean Counties. These nympihs
were picked up on bare spots of the open prairie and were
repotted as numerous in the eastern part of Sheridan County.
Conditions have remained favorable for the eg,'s of the
injurious species overwintering in the soil.
South Dakota H. C. Severin (March 21): None of the overwintering eggs
has hatched. Many letters are received reporting hatching,
but upon investigation the nymphs were invariably species that
normally hibernate as nymphs. The eggs of Melanoplus bivittatus
Say and M. differentialis Thos. that were so abundant in 1931
have passed the winter successfully and we expect a large hatch
this spring. Undoubtedly the extent of the area where serious
trouble may be expected in 1932 is much larger than it was in
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22): 3gg pa.ckets are abundant and passing
the winter in good shape.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (March 1 to 20): During the course of the winter
farmers frequently reported the presence of nymphs in the fields,
especially in sod lands. Many thought that these represented
early-hatched individuals of the two-striped or differential
grasshopper, which species were so abundant and destructive in
parts of Nebraska in 1931. We have irvestigated a number of
such reports including localities in Thayer, lNance, and Brown
Counties, and find that in all cases they refer to one or more
of four common species of bandod-winged grasshopDers (Oedipodiinae).
The commonest species represented in these collections as a
whole in the green-striped grasshopper, Chortophaga virdifasciata
De G. In central and northern Nebraska the nymphs of two larger
species, the coral-winged grasshopper, Hippiscus apiculatus
Harr., and the northwestern red-winged ~rasshopper, Arphia
pseudonietana Thos., are very common and about equally so.
The fourth species was the velvet-striped grasshopper,
Eritettix simplex Scudd4 This last species was common in
February in northern Nebraska. Nymphs of all of these species
showed great resistance to cold, being repeatedly frozen during
the latter part of the month.
Oklahoma C. F. Stiles (March 22): Indications are that we will have
a serious outbreak this spring in gardens and alfalfa, over the
greater part of the State.
Montana A. L. Straxd (March 22): Grasshoppers, probably M. mexicanus
Sauss., were reported to have hatched during a warm spell In
February. Much sub-zero weather since that time, however,
makes their survival very doubtful.
Wyoming A. G. Stephens (March 23): Grasshoppers are scarce in the
northeastern section of the State.
Colorado G. M. List (March 23): Grasshopper eggs are moderately
to very abundant in the Arkansas Vally and in northeastern
Utah G. F. Knowlton (March 24): Grasshoppers are not yet hatching.
Snow on much of the ground.
Arizona C. D. Lebert (March): Grasshoppers are scarce in the Salt
River Valley; a few Melanoplus sp. are found in alfalfa areas.
North Carolina W. A. Thomas (March 2): Tobacco, garden peas, strawberries,
and cabbage have been subjected to a very heavy infestation
of cutworms (mostly Lycophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.) during
the past few days at Chadbourn. The principal damage comes
from the Oestruction of the foliage. Areas in several fields
of young strawberry plants have been completely defoliated.
Garden peas and tobacco have also been defoliated in many
South Carolina A. Luthen (March 26): Cutworms are very abundant.
Seorgia 0. I. Snapp (March 21): Cutworms have been unusually abundant
this spring at Fort Valley, and have seriously damaged many
Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): Cutworms are very abundant.
Kentucky W. A. Price (March 24): Ex.minations of clover fields in
central and northern Kentucky during early March revealed the
prcsence of many cutworms.
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22): Half grown larvae :of the varie~gted
cutworm were abundant in peach orc.hard at Sikeston February 25.
K. C. Sullivan (March 22): Cutworms are very abundant in
Tennessee C. Benton (Febriary 22): Cutworms. have been reported active
in many parts of Lincoln and adjacent counties. The first
report was received February 8. Severe damage from their
feeding has occurred this month at Fayetteville to hollyhocks,
tulips, lilies, and iris.
Texas F. L. Thomas (March 22): Cutworms are moderately abundant
in Presidio, San Antonio, and San Angelo on alfalfa, lettuce,
and bitterweed (Helenium tenuifolium).
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)
Kentueky W. A. Price (March 24): White grubs were destroyiing tomato
plants in cold frames at Earlington on March 17.
Mississippi C. Lyle and assistants (March): There was a great deal of
complaint of white grabs attacking truck in gardens in northern
Mississippi during the fore part of March.(Abstract, J.A.H.)
Texas F. L. Thomas (March 22): Phyllophaga rubiginosa Lec. and
P. hirtiventris Horn were taken at light March 16 at Wharton.
P. calceata Lec. was taken at light February 26 at Bryan.
P. congrua Lec. was taken at-light March 3 at Dickiinson.
A WIRWMOBR (Heteroderos laurentii Guer.)
Alabama K. L. Cockerham (February 25): Larvae were observed
attacking seed corn which had been planted on February 17.
The larvae were active and boring into the sprouted kernels.
JAPAC3ESE3 3EELE (Popillia japonica Newm..)
Pennsylvania T. L. Guyton (March 23): The Japanese beetle is appearing in
greenhouses in Philadelphia.
New Jersey C. H. Hadley and assistants, Japanese Beetle Laboratory
(February): The first shipment of Australian material arrived
this month. The par kes are tachinids of the genus Palpostoma
which deposit their larvae on adults of several genera of
Scarabaeidae. The shipment arrived in good condition on
February 13 and consisted of one case containing 5,056 puparia.
This material was shipped from Australia January 18, by R. W.
GRI=7 JUZE :1 TLE (Cotinis nitida )
North Carolina W. A. Thomas (March 5): There have been an unusual number
of complaints reaching the laboratory from Chadbourn regarding
the destructiveness of these larvae to strawberry plants. This
seems to be especially true where large quantities of straw
mulch was turned under -in the fields last summer and fall.
Lawns as well as sod lands are exhibiting signs of grub
activity. There are indications of a heavy grub infestation
in this section.
CALIFOTIA TORTOIS3 SED (Aglais california Bdv.)
California E. 0. Essig (March 6): A definite migration-of California
tortoise shell butterflies at Pt. Arena from south to north
and west occurred from 1 .to 3 p. m.
MONARCH BUTTERFLY (Danaus menippe Fab.)
Florida H. T. Fernald (March 21): I have watehed the monarch
butterfly all winter, as some claim it goes farther south to
winter, but it has been plentiful at Orlando until this month.
My last observation on February 29. Have theyr migrated farther
south (doubtful); or have they died after laying eggs for a
new generation her.e? I suspect the latter to be the case with
some of them at least, as I took a fresh specimen (only a little
over half size) April 9, 1931. Yet that same day I also took
a full-sized, faded one.
COM0~TN RED SPIDMR (Tetranychus telarius L.)
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22): Some growers in southwestern
Missouri are alarmed over the abundance of red spider eggs.
CEREAL, AND FORAGE CRO? INS CTS
HESSIAT FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)
Ohio T. H. Parks (March 24):. There are more overwintering larvae
present than in the average year.
Missnuri L. Haseman (March 22): The aeca:ian fly is .wintering well and
the situation is threatening.
Tennessee C. Benton (February): Pupation. began in early February
and increased to 20 per cent with slight emergence by the end
of the month.
Kansas R. H. Painter (March 25):, According to reports of the county
aent a field 2 miles south of Oskaloosa. is a total loss.
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (March 22): Hessian flies are moderately
to very abundant. During the last week in October and early
in November the winter wheat in Phelps and adjacent counties
developed a serious infestation. This infestation includes
the whole of Phelps County, and extends northward over western
and northern Buffalo County, eastward, into Kearney County,
southward into northern Harlan County and Franklin County, and
westward into Gosper County (see my report of December 1).
At the same time, what appeared at first to be a much less
important infestation was found in Seward and Thayer Counties.
Later, however, it was found that this more eastern area of
infestation extended over much of Butler, Seward, Saline,
Fillmore, Thayer, Jefferson, and Gage Counties, and also
extended somewhat into adjacent counties. Wheat. in this more
eastern area that looked all right when the NoVember snows
covered the fields was brown and dead when the late January
thaws exposed the plants, and many showed a heavy infestation
with puparia. These infestations developed as a result of a
much delayed emergence of the main fall brood, due to the hot
dry conditions of September and October. The present situation
points to the probability of extensive. serious damage this
WH2AT STRAW WORM (Harmolita grandis Riley)
ansas R. H. Painter (March 25): I found the wheat straw worm in a
sack of straw February 26, and all emerged from the straw March
23. This insect was found among wheat plants in the field
March 18, and is still present in the field.
CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)
Missouri K. C. Sullivan (March 22): .Chinch bugs are very abundant in
central and western Missouri. Recent cold weather has been very
helpful in so.'ar as chinch bugs are concerned. .A great deal of
burning has been done during the past two months.
Tennessee C. Benton (February): Aphids were observed to be abundant
in a wheat plot at Fayrotteyille, February 22, and in two barley
fields near Belfast February 26. The species has not yet been
California E. 0. Essig (March,19): Dispersal migrations of winged grass
and grain aphids were noted March 10 at Berkeley.
CORN LEAF APHID (Aphis maidis Fitch)
Louisiana J. W. Ingrae and .E.: K. Bynum (February, 27): Four winged corn
aphids have been collected on sticky- paper in the field during
the month, indic.ltinz that this insect is beginning flight
at this early da'te.
ALFALFA CAT7RPILLAR (Erymus eurrtheme Bdv.)
Arizona C. D. Lebert (March): Fourth instar larvae of the alfalfa
caterpillar have been found in alfalfa fields. Some adults
have been noticed, but they are not numerous as yet.
CLIOVE ROOT CURCULIO (Sitona hispidula Fab.)
Kentucky W. A. Price (March 24): The sitona beetle is doing serious
damage to alfalfa in the vicinity of Independence. A survey
of that territory on March 1 showed 3 or 4 beetles to nearly
A NYMPZALID 3UTT1RPLY. (Ephydryas perdiceas Edw.)
Washington C. W. Getzendaner (March 21): Larvae are very abundant in
spots on the open .prairie,. at .Grand'Mou_'nd', ave'raging about 12
per square foot and running as high as 27 per square foot.
A CRANE FLY (Tipula bicornis Forbes)"
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22)': Larvae about one-half grown are
beginning to attract attention again in central Missouri; they
are very abundant in meadows.
A IMARCH FLY (Bibio albipennis Loew)
Nebraska M. .H. S.7enk. (March 1 to 20): During the first week in March,
farmers in the RepublicanValley in Webster County found mag.zots
of B. albipennis very numerous in cornfields, underneath old
ears of corn lying on the ground, and inquired concerning their
SUGARCME BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
Louisiana W. E. Hinds (March 24): Adults began emerging by the middle
of February.and the first generation was getting well started
under abnormally high winter temperatures,. On March 9 the
coldest weather of the winter occurred anc the coldest March
temperature since 1890, when 270 F.' was recorded at New Orleans.
This year the minimum temperature went to 25 at Baton Rouge
and through the northern part of the Cano Belt, with freezing
teopcrrt'rcs throiUhout the.Selt. This cold !Illed.back to the
*ground the major part of the cane growth and also destreoed
the first generation. It also resulted in materially increasing
the mortality among pupae. The sugarcane growth above ground
was not all killed in the southern part of the Belt and will
recover auite promptly.
J. W. Ingram and E. K. Bynum (February 27): The first adult
observed this year emerged on the 4th from a pupa collected
in the field. Others have emerged during the month. The
first eggs were observed on the side of a jar containing a
few adults on the 12th. Eggs were first noticed in the field
on the 16th. First-generation borers were found feeding in
the tops of young cane shoots on the 19th. Three adults 1vere
collected at lights between 7.15 and 8 p. m. on the 26th.
W. A. Douglas (March 23): As a result of freezing weather
early in March, it has been found that from 14 to 15 per cent
of the borers in rice stubble were killed.
SU-GARC1TE BEETLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lec.)
Louisiana J. W. Ingram and E. K. Bynum (February 27): Beetles began
feeding on young sugarcane shoots during the last part of
February. Numbers of "deadhearts" caused by the beetles were
found on the 26th. One plantation laborer collected 83 beetles
found attacking cane shoots on that date. The males found on
young cane shoots have thus far outnumbered the females by
about 5 to 3. No beetles have been collected at lights.
A WE=VIL (Anacentrus (Limnobaris) sp.)
Louis~iaa W. E. Hinds (March 24): The activity of sugarcane rootstock
weevils has continued and they were protected from the effects
of the cold wave by their location below the surface of the
CODLING MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)
Pennsylvania H. G. Hodgkiss (March 26): The codling moth is very abundant
in the Cumberland Valley.
$outh Carolina W. C. Nettles (March 26): Pupation is well advanced and
a few moths have emerged in outdoor cages.
Georgia C. H. Alden (March 21): The codling moth is. very abundant at
Cornelia. A few have pupated; there has been no emer-enrce to
STATE PLANT BOA
Ohio T. H. Parks (March 24): Mbderately abundant. Birds did
not seem to destroy so many as usual during the winter.
Illinois W. P. Flint (,March 22): The recent spell of cold weather
has apparently h.d little effect on overwintering larve.
Examinations since the cold weather show from 90 to 95 per
cent of the overwintering larvae alive.
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22): Codling moths seem to be wintering
perfectly; a heavy spring brood is expected.
Colorado G. M. list (March 23): The colding moth is very abundant.
California G. S. Hensill (March 22): The first brood adults have not
yet emerged at San Jose. Some are in pupae at present.
FAST=T TIrT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)
Missouri L. Haseman (March 22): Egg masses were reported as being
abundant in the southern part of Missouri.
Arkansas W. J. Bae4g (February 29):. Caterpillars are just beginning
to hatch in Fayetteville; the egg masses are common on wild
cherry, wild plun, and peach.
Mississippi C. Lyle (March 21): The first Bent caterpillars to be
received at this office during 1932 were taken from a plum
bush at Meridian on March 16 by Inspector M. L. Grimes. No
injury had been caused.
Texas F. L. Thomas (March 22): The apple tree tent caterpillar is
more abundant at College Station than I have ever seen it. The
red haw is being rapidly stripped and practically all bushes are
infested with one or more nests. A temperature of 230 F. did
not kill the worms.
Vermont H. L. Bailey (March 12): Short inspections of apple twigs
in Windham, Washington, and Addison Counties indicate a scarcity
of apple aphid egs.
Connecticut B. H. Walden (March 24): iggs of the rosy apple aphid
(Anuraphis roseus Baker) and the green apple aphid (Aphis omi
DeG.) are scarce.
Delaware L. A. Stearns (March 24): Fruit aphids are moderately
Pennsylvania T. L. Guyton (March 1): Eggs are very ab-udant in Lancaster
and Franklin Counties.
Ohio T. H. Parks (March 24): Orchird aphids have not hatched, and
practically no dormant spraying has been done, as the weather
has hovered around and below freezing for three weeks.
Kentucky W. A. Price (March 24): Specimens of twigs of apple sent in
from Beattyville, Berea, and Mayfield on March 3 and 4 were
badly infested with the rosy apple aphid and the apple grain
aphid (Rhopalosiphum prunifoliae Fitch).
Michigan R. H. Pettit'(March 23): Fruit aphid eggs are plentiful.
Missouri K. C. Sullivan (March 22): Fruit aphids are moderately abund-
ant in general.
L. Haseman (March 22): Growers are worried about possible
damage from rosy apple aphids again this spring. Some apple
grain aphids began hatching at Columbia before the recent
Mississippi C. Lyle and assistants (March 21): Fruit aphids are scarce;
there are a few apple aphids.
Oregon D. C. Mote (March): Rosy aphids reported in Willamette Valley
as hatching March 18. Buds just swelling on early varieties.
Wept Virginia L. M. Peairs (March 29): Treehoppers.on apple at Martinsburg
and vicinity. Extreme damage from egg-punctures in orchards
kept in clover and alfalfa.
SN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)
Delaware L. A. Stearns (March 24): The San Jose scale is somewhat
more abundant than in years past.
Pennsylvania T. L. Guyton (March 23): The San Jose scale is very abundant
in Harrisburg. This is also true for the Cumberland Valley area.
Illinois W. P. Flint (March 22): During the first week in March we
experienced the coldest weather of the winter, with temperatures
running close to zero even in the southern part of the State.
This had the effect of killing some of the overwintering San
Jose scale, reducing the percentage of live scale from bctrlcen 60
and 70 per cent to between 35 and 50 per cent.
Kentucky W. A. Price (March 24): San Jose scales are reported very
abundant. The very mild winter seems to have favored this
pest, which has been on the increase in the State *during the
past year. In many places the encrusted state has been reached.
Females w-ere actively reproducing at Peytonsburg on March 12.
Michi;an R. H. Pettit (March 23): The San Jose scale is very abundant.
Missouri K. C. Sullivan (March 22): The San Jose scale is very abund-
L. Haseman (March 22): The San Jose scale situation in the
southern part of the State is alarming.
Texas F. L. Thomas (March 22): The San Jose scale is very abundant
on peach and pear trees in El Campo.
Colorado G. M. List (March 23): A slight increase of the San Jose
scale has been observed in Mesa and Delta Counties.
Connecticut B. H. Walden (March 24): Apple leafhopper-eggs are very abund-
APPLE FLEA WEEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)
Ohio J. S. Houser (March 16): A heavy infestation of this insect
occurred in the Twitchell orchards at Chillicothe (1931), and
large numbers of the beetles entered hibernation. The purpose
of this note is to record the heavy winter mortality due to
the work of the fungus Sporotrichum globuliforum which has
taken place. The debris under some trees where examined yielded
large numbers of the dead fungus-covered beetles and few if any
living ones. Dead beetles were most abundant in the sections
of the orchard that wpre not well drained.
SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)
Alabama J. M. Robinson (March 21): Shot-hole borers were observed
on apple twigs at Bankston.
Mississippi C. Lyle and assistants (March 25): -The shot-hole borer is very
abundant in several orchards in northeastern Mississippi. The
trees were weakened by the presence of the San Jose scale and
other pests which gave the shot-hole borer a good opportunity
MJROPM=1 WILLOW B=TLE (Flagiodera versicolora Laich.)
Connecticut W. E. '3rrifton (March 22); The beetles were abundant hibervat-
ing under dead bark of an apole tree in Ridgefield.
EUROPEAN RED MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)
Vermont H. L. Bailey (March 12): Very few eggs of the European red
mite were found in such inspections as have been made.
A ITE (riophres sp.)
California E. 0. Essig (March 19): Brioiphes sp. was abundant in the
buds of apple trees in the Yosemite National Park February 22.
Last sum~er the leaves showed very serious injury because of
PACH BO.R' (Aeeeria exitiosa Say)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (March 21): Growers are reporting this insect
to be more abundant than usual in Fort Valley, which may be
due to the prolonged oviposition period last fall. Eg-s were
deposited as late as November 8, and under orchard conditions
they hatched as late as December 1.
LESSER P3ACH BOR.R (Aegeria pictipes G. & )
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (March 21): Adults were observed in orchards
today in Fort Valley. This is an early record, and is un-
doubtedly due to the very mild winter.
ORIETAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molesta Busck)*
South Carolina W. C. Nettles (March 26): Oriental fruit moths are emerging
and some eggs have been laid in outdoor cages.
Georgia C. H. Alden (March 22): Oriental fruit moths are scarce
in Cornelia. The first moth was observed on March 19.
Illinois W. P. Flint (March 22): S. C. Chandler reports that the
oriental fruit moth pupation started at Carbondale on March 17.
PEACH TWIG BOR2R (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)
Kansas E. G. Kelly (March 25): We have an insect much harder to
control and one that caused much damage, unnoticed before last
year, and that is the peach twig borer.
PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)
Georgia 0. I. Snapp (March 21): Adults have not yet started to
appear from hibernation in Fort Valley. Indications point
to a late start for this insect this year, in which case a
second-brood attack would not be anticipated.
*Correction The note by W. H. Clarke, published in the Insect
Pest Survey Bulletin, March, 1932, page 17, in next to the last
line:, "only 25 per cent" should be corrected to read, "only
.25 per cent."
----- ..... ____
Kansas H. R. Bryson (March 25): A report of A. M. Walker of Pitts-
burg, to E. G. Zelly, was as follows: "With the peach crop
destroyed in 1930, the curculio was almost exterminated and
with peaches and plums both killed completely and no thorn
for it to breed in, we should not be bothered with the curculio
for a few eears."
RASPBERRY FRUIT WORM (Byturus unicolor Say)
Washington W. W. Baker (March 18): Observed attacking loganberry at
Auburn. This is the earliest date at which I have ever found
the adults above ground. This may have been due to the fact
that the soil was flooded for a couple of weeks. However, the
adults in the soil were apparently -ninjured by the standing
A CURCULI01ESD (Geoderces melanothrix Kby.)
Washington W. W. Baker (March 8): There has been very little if any
evidence that this weevil has as yet started to feed on the
raspberry buds, but they were above ground in large numbers
although a few were still in the pupal chambers in Purallup.
RED-NECKED CANE BOR (Agrilus ruficollis Fab.)
Mississippi C. Lyle (March 21): Young berry twigs injured by A. ruficollis
were received from Columbus on March 17. The correspondent
indicated that only slight injury had been observed. Injury
by this species to young berry plants was reported from Hurley
on March 18.
BLACK-HOJ~3DN TRT7 CRICKET (Oecanthus nigricornis quadri"
Nebraska M. H. Swezn (October to February 29): In Wa:ne County a
heavy infestation of raspberry canes with the egTs of the
black-horned tree cricket (Oecanthus nigricornis) was reported
about the middle of November.
PEAR TTRIPS (Taeniothrips inconsequens Uzel.)
Oreion S. C. Jones (March): A few found on wing March 12. March
15 were found coming out in cages and on March 21 were eerging
in large numbers.
GRAPE LIAFHOPP3R (Erythroneura comes Say)
Nebraska 1. H. Swenk (October to February 29): On February 26,
with a sudden onset of warm and springlike weather, in
Hamilton County, an abundance of active adult grape leaf-
.hoppers (Erythroneura sp.) was noted in the vicinity of a
California J. F. Lamiman (March): The grape leafhopper is very
abundant in the central San Jqaquin Valley.
APPLE TWIG BOR.R (Amphicerus bicaudatus Say)
Mississippi G. L. Bond (March 19): The grape vine borer was reported
at Louin as doing considerable damage to grapevines.
Colorado G. M. List (March 23): The apple twig borer has been unusual-
ly abundant in the Arkansas Valley on grapes during the past
two seasons. Several inquiries have been received lately in-
dicating that they are quite numerous again.
PACIFIC RED SPID-R (Tetranychus pacificus McG.)
California J. F. Lamniman (March): The Pacific red spider is becoming
active in San Joaquin and Stanislaus Counties, and is leaving
hibernating quarters beneath the bark of grapevines; it is
feeding on weeds in the vineyards prior to development of
buds on the vines.
PECAN COSSID (Cossula magnifica Streck.)
Georgia J. B. Gill (March 25): Damage by the hickory cossid borer
is showing up in the pecan orchards at Albany and vicinity,
Vississippi Wm. L. Gray (March 16): The pecan cossid is moderately
abundant on pecan at Natchez, Adams County.
TWIG GIRDLER (Oncideres cingulatus Say)
ississippi M. L. Grimes (March 21): Pecan twig.girdlers were found in
several orchards in Neshoba, Memper, Newton, Lauderdale, and
GIANT APHID (Longistigma caryae Harr.)
eorgia J. B. Gill (March 25): These aphids are moderately abundant
on pecan trees in Albany and southern Georgia.
Mississippi N. L. Douglass and M. L. Grimes (March 18, 21): Large
brown aphids are found on pecans in moderate abundance at
OBSCURE SCALE (Chrysomphalus obscurus Comst.)
Georgia J. B. Gill (March 25): The obscure scale is occasionally
found on oak trees around Albany, but not in very injurious
numbers. In all infestations observed, the beneficial fungi
were present and appeared to be important factors in keeping
the scale under natural control.
Mississippi C. Lyle (March 21): C. obscurus was found on pecan from
Cary, February 26.
Arkansas P. D. Sanders (March 10): The pecan scale was doing consid-
erable damage to three large pecan orchards I inspected in
Pulaski County. I also noted 600 trees heavily encrusted on
a farm in Holly Grove. I visited three pecan growers located
15 miles east of Little Rock where j1000 trees were heavily
infetted; many branches are being killed at Alexander farms.
FLORIDA RED SCALE (Ch~-somphalus aonidum L. )
Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): The Florida red scale is more
abundant than it has been for several years past, owing to
the unusually warm weather for several winters.
CALIFORNIA RED SCALE (Chrysomphalus aurantii Mask.)
Arizona C. D. Lebert (March): The California red scale again made
its am-earance on a small lemon tree at Mesa, where a heavy
infestation was treated last year. Just a few scales were
found on the new wood. All other trees were apparently clean.
A rather heavy infestation was found March 10 on a small mixed
citrus planting at Yuma. The grove was cut back and treated
COTTONY-CUSHION SCALE (Icerya purchasi Mask.)
Georgia J. B. Gill (March 25): Many complaints of cottony-cushion
scale infestations have been received from scattered locali-
ties in the southern part of the State, where the insect .has
been doing much damage to ornamental plants and Satsuma orange
trees. We have been furnishing interested growers and parties
with Vedalia beetles from our Albany, Georgia, station. In
most cases very rood control is being obtained through the
colonization of the Vedalia on the infested properties.
CITRUS APHID (Akhis spiraecola Patch)
Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): A. spir.ecola is reported scarce
for March. It is decidedly more aob:idnt on citrus than a
month ago, but the infestation is still not severe as comnared
with other years.
COWPFA APHID (Apl:iis medicainis CKoch)
Arizona C.. D. Lebert (March): A. sidicarinis is moderately abundant
in Phoenix. This insect, which attacls the tender new g:rowth
of citrus, is quite numerous at this time in the valley. However,
a li'ttle hmenopterous parasite has been observed in most cases
Sto be working on the aphid,
BLACIC CITRUS APHID (Toroptera aurantii Boyer)
Mississippi C. Lyle (March 21): Satsuma leaves infested with ytstoroneoura
aurantii (det. by A. L,. Harner) were received from Pascagoula
on March 7. The aphids were heavily parasitized.
CITRUS WHIT=FLY (Dialeurodes citri Riley & Howard)
Georgia J. B. Gill (March 25): The citrus whitefly is moderately
abundant on ornamentals and citrus in Albany' and in southern
Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): The citrus whitefly is beginning
to emerge. Its numbers are not so great as one would expect
from a warm winter, owing undoubtedly to an unusual development
of the entomo:enous fungi during the winter.
Louisiana W. E. Hinds (March 24): The citrus whitefly is very abund-
ant on all host plants in southern Louisiana.
A TORTRICID IOTH (Platynota sp.)
Arizona C. D. Lebert (March): Larvae of Platynota sp. were found
in grapefruit and oranges near Phoenix. About 4 per cent of
the fruit was found to contain larvae -"hich were found below
the rind in the white tissue. R-trance holes were numerous
I and a rot had followed the injury. This is the second time
this insect h bas been found on citrus in this local:ty.
CITRUS TR.IPS (Scirtothrips citri Hoult.)
Arizona C. D. Lebert (March 21): Citrus thrips are -rnt at Pihoenix.
Several immature individuals have been found on the tender
new growth and only two or three wir.ed specicmens.
THRIE-LINMD FIG T'RB BORE (Ptychodes trilineatus L.)
Mississippi J. P. Kislanko (March 19): The three.lined fig tree borer
is very abundant in Hattiesburg and seriously injuring the
GREEJ SHIILD SCALE (Pulvinaria psidii l.ask. )
Florida E. W. Berger and G. B. Merrill (March 22): The green shield
scale is very abundant on wild rubber, Ficus aurea, in southern
Florida and the Okeechobee area.
CARDIN'S WHITeLY (Aleurodicus cardini Back)
Florida E. W. Berger and G. B. Merrill (March 22): Cardints whiter
fly is moderately abundant on guava bushes in Port Myacca,
eastern shore of Lake Okeechobee.
WEST 7N TET CATMEPILLAR (Malacosoma pluvialis Dyar)
California A. E. Michelbacher :(IMarch 18): The coast tent caterpillar
is starting to defoliate almonds around Antioch. A year ago
it did much dnaage in this area.
TR UC K C RO P I N S E C T S
VEGETABLE WIEVIL (Listro eres obliuus_ Gyll.)1
Georgia M. Mi. igh (February) The vegetable weevil was found in
Early and Troup Counties this year. An 2nt (Solenonsis nr-
gandei Forel) was observed injuring pupae and larvae in
large numbers, and a disease has caused heavy mortality of
larvae, supee, and adults in Stone and a part of Herrison
A. R. Smith (Verch 17): H. T. Vanderford h2s fourn the
vegetable weevil at Columbus, Tluscogeo Co. A specimen v:hich
he collected (exact date not specified, but between arch 6
and 10) w.s sent here along with the ants which he submTitted.
Florida '. High (January-Februry): This insect hos been found
in Washington, Bay, Gulf, and Calhoun Counties.
Alabaa M~ ". High (January-Februa.ry): This insect w'ns ound in
Houston, Dale, Pile, Borbour, "ac6n, Rassell, Chambers, Mont-
gomery, -nd Butler Counties.
Mississippi C. Lyle arind assistants (Verch):- Cc-molaints of heeav injury
have been received during T-rch from -many points in the State,
where they were damaging a vide variCty of truck cro?. (Ab-
BACDEDD CUCTSMER 33TLE (Diaorotica baltecta Lee.)
Florida J. R. aTntson ('arch 21): D. baltetn. wTas found near Gaines-
Misssisipri X. L. Cock-erha-n (Febrarry 23): Thle bpnded cucumber beetle
rtas observed. feeding; on voluntKcr s;'eetpotto olants in Bay
St. Louis, Hancock County, on this date.
C. Lyle ad assistants (March): This insect is still abund-
ant and dnraging rteas and beans in the southern '.nrt of the
State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
SPOTTED CUCU>TER E3TLE3 (Diabro tic- dundecimcunct ta b.)
Georgia J. 3. Gill (r;.rch 25): The sootted cucumber beetle is
scarce oi Albany. It hn s beca four- on the blossoms o ot-each
and xlus trecs.
Alabama J. 1". Robinso: (,Tarch 21): The sotted cuct- m ar beetle is
moderotely abundant orn inter loc.gScs at Am'burn.
.7-3TR-' SPOTTED CUC3T27. 3-32LT (Di.brotica soror L.)
Oregon B. G. Thomnson (March 25): This srecies has been out of
winter quarters since 'aPrch 1 and can be found generally in
youn ; clover fields, but a--near to be not as numerous as
last year. :;,;s are no'. being found in.the field.
FLEA BE2TLES (Halticinae)
Tennessee C. Benton (Februar:r): Flea beetles -rere renorted injuring
patches of turnin greens at Fayetteville.
Alabarna J. Robinson (March 21): Flea beetles w.ere found on
small svveetnotato -lants at Bay Minette.
SEED CORN MAGGOT (H-yle~rTi. cilicrura Rond.)
Korth Carolina A. A.Tho-s (March 15): During the early a.rt of 'arch
adults vere unusually abundant in the.fields in Chadbourn..
Larvae, -Ou-a, and adults v:ere also abundant under canvas on
tobacco beds. There 7as anmc-rcntly no injury to the tobacco
seedlings. On both -ootatoes and sOrouting corn in the fields
considerable damage is bein;. done Pt the -resent time.
South Carolina A. Lutkcn (March 26): The seed- corn mag-,ot is very abund-
'ississi pi C. Lyrlo and assistants (March): Injury was renorted from
several -oints in the State; to onions at Sallis, bean seed
at Meridi-.n, and iris at Gulfport. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
Alabama J. '. Robinson (March 21): Seed corn maggots are moderate-
ly abundant on seed ootatocs at Auburn.
Texas .. L. Thonor.s (March 22): The seed corn m~ggot is moderate-
ly ,-bundant on spinach in Crystal City.
CHAM-GA (Scantcriscus vicinus' Scudd.)
North Carolina 7. A. Thom-nns (March 1): The mole crickets are much more
destructive to tobacco seed beds then usual in Cadbourn. On
many of the beds the soil has been thoroughly pulverized and
the young nl~nts unrooted.
FZLS? CIEI1CH 3UG (Nysius ericae Schill.)
North Carolina W. .. Tho-.s (March 15): This insect h~-s been unusually
destructive to broccoli czd mustard during the past month in
Chadbourn. The infestation seemed to be much heavier on
over-'intering -lants than on the young spring cron. Cabbage
and rutabaga turni-s seem to have almost entirely escaned
injury by this insect.
South Carolina A. Lutkeh (:.irch 26): The false chinch 'hug has been destruc-
ive in the lo er rart of the State.
Nebraska ". e Seren (February 29): During the second ;-eek in Novem-
ber large svarrs of the false chinch buF occurre! on the
croans of alfalfa rlants in fields in Dundt County.
BORD23D3 PLANT BUG (Euryoohthal-us convivus Stal)
California ..E. Michelbachor ('March 19): Bordcred -olant bu:s are
leaving hibernation, as is evident by their -n:ati'-i;.
B3LA TRIIFS (Holiothrins fasci4tus Perg.)
California 2. 0. 'ssig ("arch 7): First an~earancec of bean thri--s on
pepper grass and 'ild lettuce at Vernalis. :Adults quite
plentiful follo7ing a month of fair v eathcr.
GR iHO3USE C2ENTIF3D_ (Scuti;erella i-maculata l:ev'o.)
California A. 2. .Michelbacher (March 18): As early as February 12
many egs of the garden centinede were observed. Since that
time there has been a reriod of heavy egg laying. In nlaces,
at least, they a-onear to be very sloir in h-tching, as ver-y
feo young centipedes have been observed. The centi-cedes have
been active for a considerable neriod of time. In several
places they have wiped out localized areas of sugar-beet
plantins. They apparently attack the seed as soon as it has
germinated. In rleces they see-n to have killed the scodlin,
beets after they have reached the surface. Garden ccntincde
attack: is also apparent on aspara::us at the prosont tine.
Alabama J. M. Robinson (March 21): Sovybugs are in gardens at Pt.
Cliff and Birmingham.
Mississi-oni C. Lyle and assistants (March): Sowbugs have been attract-
ing considerablo attention in the extre-ne southern ,.-mrt of
the State, princinally by attacking strn.ib-rries, but they
have also been re-,orted "s attacking violets and other soft
annuals. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
Bssissppib C. Lyle a s-isttant (March): Sls h Ive 'been doin/con-
rt& rn, ^ mg to st saerrz--ie-sf la t.e *cf' C5ast Couwniles.
S( sAtrt. J.,.*E.)
COLORACDO POTATO 3BTLE (Lc-tinotarsa dece-nlineata Say)
Florida J. R. Intson (March 21): The Colorado potato beetle is
moderately abundant. It vs quite co-nnon in Alachua County
the first onrt of `:rch. There was a scattercd infestation
in the Hastings potato belt.
Alabama K. L. Cokc-erhm-n (February 26): Several Colorado potato
beetles v'ere observed on volunteer Irish notato luonts in
a. field in Foley today. They were active and feeding.
Mississi'-i TK. L. Coc -erham (February 19): The first adult of this
season ws observed in Biloxi today cralnling around on a side-
POTATO FLB1 B3ETL2 (Dnitrix cucumeris Harr.)
isissssi-pi C. Lyle and assistants (March): The first adult of the
season w:as observed in Stone County, March 3. By the third
Veck in the month as mnny as 6 beetles ner sprout had been
obsorved in so-ne fields. (Abstract, J..T~.)
POTATO TUER '.OR': (Gnorim-schema orerculella Zell.)
Florida C. 7. Stahl ( March 10): It annears that a shinicnt of no-
tatoes h-d been received at Jacksonville from Raiford w'hich
v;eas hold for some tine on account of lo-: mar'et. These no-
tatnes Corc evidentltr infested ,hen they 'ro re received and
the infestrtion develo-ed rapidly in storage. Then "r. Nooney
discovered this infestation he had all of the nctatocs removed
and destroyed. These -eotatoes crc -acked in haoners. After
this ex-crience 'ir. HThoney cleared out the v!arehouse and
clanced it u, anpd ha'd it thorou;hly vhitcvashed. He does not
COR I -R 'VT~i O" (Hcliothis bsoleta Fab.)
Florida 7. H. hit3 (February7 15): A snecimcn of the corn car rorm
ves token fr-n n:. c.1 aLnt nurch'-3od on the local -n-rkot
( ashington ), and rc7 rtcd tn halve come from Floridr.. There
'cr- six or seven ,.or-s on the fruit and they had entered the
ste-1 end. (Determined b:r C. Heinrich.)
3XIC.1TB 31'f BE3TLS (=Milrchna c-rrunta ruls.)
Connecticut N. Turner ('"arch 22): On varm d.ays durirng Deco-mbr and
January a fc: active ndults v erc seen in '-ine nlantations in
the southern --art ^f the St,.te.
Uest Virginia L. "'. Penirs (Matrc 29): The ~cxicon beaen beetle is -id-
crately abundant at 'organt, n. Cogod beetles shn;. gLod
A LZIHOPFFI!7 (ZYnesc- filmmenta DeL.)
Utah G. n. o~-lton (March 25): The -nost 2brculdant leafho--cr in
northcrn Utch on -ttntoes and beans duri:n 1931 v.-s the sp-
cies recently described by DeoL-ng as fila.cnt:.. t
P-iA -'HID (Illinin misi X-lt.)
Alabana J. Robiinso~ (",'rch 21): "Engi sh -er"s are heavily in-
festcd 7vith -la.-t lice -.t Atmore, Tr"y, and D-tha-n; there is
a heavy infestation on Austri:n ns at -htcr-rise.
i"ssissi?-ii 1. L. Coc'rcrhn: (February 15 to 29): In tho vicinity of
PascagJula, Jackson County, 175 acres of earTly eoas era
planted, fr early shi-rin. TIring the last half of cbruary
the -e, ar-hid attacced this crom so severcly that control
measures 7ere necessary.
C. Lyle and assistrats ('eMarch): This insect was very abund-
ant on Austrian ",intor ocas and garden -cas. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
Arizona C. D. Lebcrt (March): The -ica achid is bcc'minz; very
numcrous in the Salt River Valley. Late last fall -ocos :cre
infested heavily and this yenr's l,-lantinz is boccoin. infested
raidly. About 1,000 acres rre ton to be infestcd.
DIA"ODNT-B.ICK 0i ('lutella 'culiv cis Curt.)
Georgia J, 3, Gti C(Turch 25): SOmeC ceantai'y ar in-juy t* cepo-
bgc "rntSs hiavc boon received di t.oe -onth" fr-t outhern
Georgia. rvidetly this insect is -ore abundant than usuil,
cos-ccially flr this early in the year.
CABVAGE LOOP2R (AutLgrm-ha brassicac Riley)
Missisi---i H. Dictrich ("-arch 21): Full-gr- V. larvae 'ere found
s-.aringly on ,es at Lucedale on 7ebruary 27.
CA3B.\GE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)
South Crenlinr A. Lutkcn (: rch 26): Cabbage anhids arc abundant over
Georgia J. 3. Gill (March 25): The cabbage a-hid is becoming trou-
blcs-e on cabbage plents in southern Georgia.
UEDL:_QUIN 3UG ('"urgntia histrionica Hahn)
Maryland J. A. Hyslop (March 26): An active adult was found among
dead iris leaves in Silver Spring.
Georgia J. 3. Gill (March 25): The harlequin bug is moderately
abundant on collard and cabbage plats in Alban and southern
Texas R. R. Reppert (March 22): The harlequin bug is moderately
abundant on turnid in Pearsall.
ASPARAGUS BE3TLE (Crioceris asoaragi L.)
South Carolina A. Lut-en (March 25): Asnaraus beetles were actively feed-
ing and deoositing eggs, March 4, in Aiken.
STRA23ERRY P.~A~R (Orthaea vincta Say)
Florida J. R. 7atson (March 21): The panera, re-orted on strawber-
ries, is still giving much trouble, narticularly in the north-
ern strawberry belt, including the counties of Alachua, Bradford
and Clay. Paromius longulus Dall. is also found associated
with the above soecies.
GIAINT LFHrOPFr3 (Dracculaccohela reticulata Sign.)
North Carolina Z. P. ""ctcalf (March 8): Very abundant on strawborry at
Rocry Mount. Attacks the blossom stcm, causing the blossoms
to wither and die.
A MIRID (Lygus s-o.)
Alabama J. M. Robinson (March 21): Iyrgus sn. is destroying the
fruit of stravberrics at Atmore.
F 0 R~ O- D .:.I D I N S E C T S
S* A SA Y (.i nroi nolyto t.m Htg.)
!Maine 'H. B.'Pirso:n (March 25): A 7white s-ruce sav:fly has been
Snoted at. Bar Harbor. 1Tfis i:s the first reoorted occurrence
i tihe UTited States of this serious SurQ-eaneocst.
SSPRING CA.K2R TO"7" (Paleacrita vernata Pck)
Iowa H. E. Jacques (March 28): Spring cankcr ';.orm-s are now in
KX4nsas .. E R.Bryson (March 25): Thcre have been reports that fe-
males taken fron the crevices of the .barko of an cli tree fol-
Qawingithe severe cold Veather of : ,rch 5 to 15 r:ere not
killed by a te-)ereature of -2F.
issoiri- L. Hase-an (March 22): 'ale moths ecre on. the wing the last
days 4in Februa ry and the early Dart of March in east-ccntral
and southeastern TMissouri.
A HO'TCT MIOT (Alcathoe a-iformis Clerck)
Ne w York G., P. nigelhardt (lMrch 10): The s'ecies has beco-e 7-cll
established in Brookllyn and outlying districts on Long Island,
in e. Yor'k City, the Bronx, 'Westchester County, Staten Is-
lnd, Hoboken, Jersey City, and the Hackensack me ndo:s re-
gion. In Brooklyn and locnlly on Long Isla:id the insect is
assuminl economic im'iortance. Its attacks are limited to the
base of trees and lateral surface roots. Carolina no.lcars
are the chief suffercrs, nextsilver nopll.r, and Po-ulu.s bal-
semifera an'.d vrillo';s the least. Fro one Carolina solar at
7al-,in, L. I., I extracted ever fifty- .uac. Yet the snecies
/ : .is -onorly re-resented in most gjneral collections of Lepido--
tora. It is r.y oAinion that it as yet has not srread very
,,,, far fro- its oin:t of introduction at or near: Nor:' Yorkl City;
Sani rea of 100 miles --rob:ably covers its' -resent ran',c My
S' :. dates of :-_er.;e:ece ran'e fro- May 16 to June 21.
G:7i (Thyrido-teryx e-The-iraefornis Ha'.)
Ohio J' S. Houser ( 1arch 11): :HeCavy'ar&a e caused last year in
thte Mt. Airy Fnrcst of ICincinnati bids fair to be less -ro-
:n'unced in 1932 o'rin? to the fact that -arasites destroyed
asrge num-bers of the insects last fall. A heavy oercentagc
'"of'the bags are cm-ty-'inst6ad of containing cg's.
URO BOPFA N FTRUIT LECAJICU' (Lecaeiu- corrni Bouche)
Vermont H. L. Bailey (March 22): Many young lecaniu. scale insects,
apparently alive, have been found on branches of l-'. and ash
in Mont-elier -here infestation wTas hcavy last year.
A lDRKLING B=ETLE (Cryptice obsoletus Say)
MississioDi M. .M. High (February): A beetle unrecorded as a pest of
strawberry was found injuring berries at Longbeach.
A, ROOT WEV-IL (Dslobus 3sinus Horn)
Oregon K. Gray (March): Adults were out and feeding March 17.
FILD CRICKETS (Gryllus assimilis Fab.)
Mississi -i C. Lyle and assistants (FMrch): Field crickets were quite
generally renorted over the southern third of the State as
doing considerable damage to strawberries, (Abstract, J.A.H,)
GA-RDr SLUG (Agriolimax agrestis L,)
Mississippi L. M. High (February): A. agrestis has caused serious in-
jury to strawberry about Landon, Harrison County. This slug
awpreared suddenly in large numbers and attacked the rine
SUGJAR-B3T BOOT APHID (Pe--higus betae Doane)
California A. E. Michelbacher (February 12): This insect has been
found in great abundance on the roots of Polygonum spp. The
organism hrs wintered over on this host.
TOBACCO 2' 3V2-L2 (hDpitrix narvula Fab,)
North Caroline C. H. Br"nnon (rarrch): Large nu-bers of flea beetles are
appearing f\ mronth earlier than usuzl in tobacco plant beds due
to heavy infestations in the fields last fall and the mild
vinter weather. This early infestation is apparent now over a
Tide area in eastern and central North Caroli-n.,
Florida F. S. Chp-nberlin (March 3): Fi.ea beetles are rather abund-
ant in tioocco seed beds in Gdoden County. Nev.ly set tomato
lanits rrc being heavily attacked in some instances,
Mississippi F. P. A-nsler (March 16): Tobacco flea beetles are moderate-
ly abundant on strrwberries at Gulfport.
0YSTER-SHILL SCALT (Lc-idssa-hcs ulm1i L.)
Michigan R. H. Pettit (M'frch 23): The nystcr-shell scale is modcrtte-
ly nbundpnt nn lilac and nut trees.
Missouri K. C. Sullivan (M-rch'22): The nyster-shell scale is very
abundant in eeneral.
Colorado .G. 1. List ('March 23): The oyster-shell scale vwas very
much reduced in numbers by lo': tc--errtures during the vin-
ter of 1929 and 1930. The -onulation is gradually building
u- again and e are having a number nf inquiries about it
this v inter.
arBlE.CLE: SCL- (Cero-nl.stos cirrinedifor-is Colst.)
Georgia J. B. Gill (Mrch 25): The barnacle scale is very abund-
ant on hac:kberry tres in the Albany section. T2is scale
a.lso is four.d co-nnly on many other -"lrnts.
B3DDD .-SH 30-RI (Nooclytus co.rea Say)
Nebraska M. H. Seank (March 1 tn 20): In Hole County c-rres-ondents
re -ortcd ash trees heavily infested vith borers during the
first w-ee1k in March. These seemed to be the common banded
3IRCH CAST 3 jR2= (Colco-1hora sal-ani Heinr.)
Maine E. P. Felt (March 22): The birch case bearer is re-orted as
occurrin. in great numbers on birches in the Bar Harbor sec-
tion, accnrdin;, to a re-ort received from W. Kay Connrd of
AI APHID (A1his sambucifoliae Fitch)
Msississippi J. P. Kislranko (March 19): The elder -nhid, A. sa-bucifo-
lire, is anw very abundant on eler in EattieCburg.
LEOPARD ''OTH (Zeuzer2a nyri"n L.)
IMassaichsetts E. P. Felt (March. 2): The leopard moth is well established
on iThntuccet Islandk, so0me elis bein- badly infested, accord-
ing to a re-ort froT M7r. `7.. G. Aborn of Providence.
ELM BOR R (Saoerda tridentata Oliv.)
Nebraska I. H. Sren:. (October 1931 to February 29): During the win-
ter evidences of injury on elm trees in Otoe County were ob-
served and seciriens subnitted for identification.
El1BOP1..A EL:M SCALE (Gossy,,aria s-uria Mod.)
Colorado G. ". List (March 23): The Euro-oean eli scale is now quite
general over the entire State and reports indicate that it
is on the increase.
AN AFHID (Dreyfusia -iceae Ratz.)
Maine H. B. Peirson (March 25): A very serious outbreak in which
1r.e n'..bcrs of trees are being killed was reported on March
9 from 3-r MHarbor. This insect nromises to do considerable
dan-ge this yoer.
LARCHT C.S2 33.12 (Coleo-h.ora laricella Hbn.)
Vermont H. L. Bailey (.Mrch 22): M,.any cases containing apparently
living lhrv.ae of the cace b'crer parr to be found on larch
trees gencr-lly in the State.
COTo:O r \ EPLc SCJAL (PRlvinri,- vitis L.)
Colorado G. H. List (Mrirch 23): The cottony ',n.-:lc scle was much re
daccd in numbers duri-n the winter of 1929-30 but so-l in-
s-)cction trins have indicsted that the infestation is heavier
this e-rin- thrn year ago.
OAK K\NOT GALL (Andricus punctatus Bass.)
Mississi-pi C. Lyle ('Mnrch 21): Infested oak twigs were received from
Madden on. March 17, with a reoort that the tree from which
they were taken was very heavily infested with these galls.
AN 0AK GALL (Kermes so.)
Rhode Island E. P. Felt (March 22): An oak gall scale, Kernes s-., is
abundant on black oak at Providence.
NA-NTUCXKT PIN= SHDOT MOTH (Rhyacionia frustrnna Comst.)
Massachusetts E. P. Felt (March 22): The N'antucket pine -oth has been
reoorted as being e idemic upon iTntucket Island.. UT to about
four years ago many of the scrub pines were doing very well,
but since then this nest has been creating havoc. Acres of
dead trees in several rell senarated sections of the Island
appeared very much as though they had been killed by fire.
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (October, 1931, to February 29. 1932): An .in-
fct-r.t4on of pine trees in Rock County with R. frustrana
bushnelli Busck was renorted in the middle of January.
A PINE_ SHOOT MOTH (E7etria rigidana Fern.)
Louisiana '7. 2. Hinds (March 24): Rhyecionia rigid na is the deter-
mination given by Mr. C. Heinrich to the snecies of pine tip
moth attacking pine trees at Jeanerette. These noths have
caused serious injury to young trers in that location.
A Un~BORM (Tetralo-6ha meclnogremos Zell.)
Maine H. B. Peirson (March 1): A Dine :'ebworm. There have been
renorts of vebs on pitch nine from several sections of the
State; they are s.id to be quite numerous.
SOUTH=EN PIN7 S.A7Y2R (M'nochacus titillator Fab.)
Mississipir H. Daetrich (March 21): The first adult was talen on long-
leaf pine logs in George County on Mrch 4.
PIN3 BARK APHID (Cher-es pinicorticis Fitch)
New York E. P. Felt (March 22): The pine bark anhid is locally abund-
ant in southwestern New England and in southeastern New York.
A bad infestation was located at White Plains,
SCOTCH PINE LECANIIUM (Toumeyella mumismaticum P. & McD.)
Mississippi H. Dietrich (March 21): T. nmmismaticum were very abundant
on young pines along Gaines Creek, Green County, March 3.
PINE NXEDLE SCALE (Chionascis pinifoliae Fitch)
Mississi-- i H. Dietrich (March 21): Chionas.is pinifoliae heterophyllae
Cooley (det. by A. L. McLanahan) were very abundant on young
pines along Gaines Creek, Greene County, on March 3.
Utah G. F. Knowlton (January 7): This scale insect is attack-
ing Colorado blue spruce southwest of Salt Lake City. The
infestation is rather heavy. Det. H. Morrison.
Misssisirri H. Dietrich (March 21): Flea beetles (Disonycha alternata
Ill. and Chalcoides helxines L.) and the weevil Dorytomus
'brevicollis Lec. are very abundant defoliating willovs along
Gaines Creek, in Green County, on March 4.
I NK S C T S AF F C T I T G GR 2 ENH 0 U SE AND
0 RNAMENTAL PLANTS AND LA7 NS
GRHE2JOUSE L.'A T7IER (Phlyctaenia iruhigalis Guen.)
Connecticut 7,. Britton (M.arch 22): P. ferrugalis has been reported/
geranium in a greenhouse at Clintonville.
Connecticut N. Turner (January and February): Thrips are either attract-
ing more attention or are more abundant than usual. Severe
injury to cDlla lilies was reported, the soecies being Helio-
trins haemorrhoidalis Bouche and Frankliniella tritici Fitch.
Injury was done to carnations by Thrins tabaci Lind. and se-
vere damage to cucumbers by the same species. Numer u' s col-
lections have beu:n made from water hyacinth, begonia, palm,
rubber plants, and corn.
Illinois C. C. Com-oton (Janu.ry 7): H. fermoralis Reut. was found
to be severely danaginf: smilax and stevia in a greenhouse at
PRiAYMIG HSAEIDS (Mantidae)
Maryland 3. N. Cory (Febr-ory): One or two reoorts of egg masses
of Tenodera sinensic, Sauss. and an unusupl aburdance of egg
masses of St',gnomantis carolina Johan. have been renorted.
A CA'ML CRICYZ' (Ceuthonhilus sp.)
Illinois C. C. Conoton (!March 22): Camel crickets are becoming more
generally distributed in Illinois greenhouses. Growers re-
port them feeding on seedlings.
MXCICAN 2rALYBUG (Phenacoccus gossyoii Towns. & Ckll.)
Ohio E. W. Mlendcnhall (March 14): The Mexican mealybjg is very
destructive to chrysanthemum 2nd geranium plants in one of
the greenhouses in Kenton. (March 23): A severe outbreak
h:s been fo-und in greenhouse in central Ohio. This soecies
has only recently been discovered in so-me of the northern
greenhouses and is particularly destructive to chrysanthemum,
geranium, coleus, fuchsia, pelargonium, lantana, heliotro-e,
imnatiens, German ivy, salvia, vinca, ageratun, verbena, and
CITRUS "SZLY3UG (Pseudococcus citri Risso)
Nebraska M. H. Swenrt (March 1 to 20): Reports of infestations of
house plants vith the common mealybug were received from
various counties during the period here covered.
LESSR CANi'TA L3AFLOLL2R (Geshna cannali s Quaint.)
Mississippi H. Dietrich (March 21): The lesser canna leaf roller
larvae were found on cannas at Lucedale on February 27. Freez-
ing has since killed the cannas back to the ground, no doubt
affecting the leaf roller.
BLACK VIN 72V2IL (Brachyrhinus sulcatus Fab.)
Illinois C. C. Cooton (March 22): The black vine weevil has serios-
ly damaged Dracaenas in a greenhouse at Cicero. (February 5,
1932), The adults cut irregular notches in the leaf margins.
The larvae feed on the roots.
- --- -~ --- -._ .
FERN SC.AL (Hemichionasnois asnidistrac Sign.)
North Drota J-. A. Munro (March 26): The fern scale was re-orted as
causing serious injury to several varieties of ferns at
Drr~'e, McHenry County, during the early -art of March.
GL.DIOLUS THRIPS (Taeniothrins gladioli M. & S.)
Pennsylvania T. L. Guyton (March 23): The gladiolus thri-s has been re-
ported in the State from the follo'ing localities: Pitts-
burgh, eJcsleyville, Erie, Glenside, Jersey Shore, and O!nont.
Florida J. R. -atson (a'rch 21): The gladiolus thrins has been
found at '.inter Haven.
HOLLY LE'.2 MINM (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.)
Ohio J. S. Houser (March 11): This is the first time this insect
has been observed by the writer and it had not been noticed
before by the officials of the Cincinnati Parkc Department.
The attack ',as severe inrsmuch as every leaf of a dozen or mor
10-foot trees bore one or more mines.
A BUL.B FLY (2 -crus narcissi Smith)
Nev, York F. S. Blnr.ton and 2. J. S-ruijt (March 4): Prior to this
2. narcissi wVas re-oorte only from California. During the
year 1931 one male and one female vwere found in a greenhouse
on Lng Island ''here narcissus bulbs had been forced.
IVY SCAL:] (Asnidiotus hederae Vallot)
4Mississi-n)i J. Milton (March 25): The oleander scale is nresent on rarny
oleanders in Corinth. The damage is moderate.
POT.ATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashm.)
Mary.land '. ; ecBath (January 25): tAphids vere collected on rose
J:nunry 25 at 3rookmont." There vns quite a cluster on the
tin. There v'-s a frost the night before. Det. by P.7.Mason.
I S C S A T T A C K I G MA A T D
D0 O 3 S TI C ANI MA LS
CLOVR ':IT:: (3ryobia -ractiosa Koch)
Colorado G. '". List ((arch 23): Severpl inauiries were received dur-
ing some w-nar- vcther in February in regard to the clover
mite in dyellings.
BOXZLD=E 3UG (Lettocoris trivittatus Say)
iNorth Dakota J. A.. Imunro (March 26): Carl F. Albrecht, Smith-Hughes
instructor at Velv. (McHenry County), reports that boxolder
bu;s have been a household rest of l.te in his coCnMunity.
Io:a -C. J. Drane (March).: The boxelder bug is extrcmely ab-und-nt
over almost the entire State. Many peo-le arc corolaoining
about it in their homes.
Nebrasla M. H. Sen': (.,March 1 to 20): Comlaints of boxelder bugs
bothering in houses continued to be received from housevives
during the month of Harch. (October to February 29): During
early November, and again during the last half of Tebrurry,
there vere re-orts of boxelder bugs -roving quite o nuisance
in houses. These reorts come fro" 3o-'e and PFltte Counties
southeast to Otoe County.
Utah G. F. Ino'lt-n (~ (rch 24): Boxelder bu-:s are becoming more
annoyi'ng in houses, at Lagan and Hyrum.
California A. 3. ich roacher ('rrch 19): From. time to time through-
out the rintcr hibecrnatin,7 f'r-s of the bx::ed.er bug have
been nbservcd, but on March 19 several crc found mating,
sh'-:in definitely that they v re leaving hibernation. The
females had vell develo-ed abdomcns.
STA3L_ ULY (Stoma xvs c-.lcitrons L.)
Kasnsas HR. 3rs^n (March.25): 2.. 11y rem-rts l-rv-e of S.
crIcitrans out -s early as Pebruary 25-29 in locrlitics in
southeastern Kansas. Adults an~d larvae .f this secies cre
take'n t Chnute and other localities of s- uthcastern rnsas.
tn-on *t t a t
SHORT-YOSED C1TLE LOUS3 .(Hae-.tninus ourysternus Nitz.)
Tebrrs ks M'. H. 3Sv:en (Octobcr to February 29): Tvo repoorts, one
frm. Grnnt County and one frnm '.7bster County, of cattle
feed y:rds b-Idly i::focstd ;-it. t'the short-nised cattle louse
V:erce received duri.i: January.
B U 'FALO GTATS (Simuliid.Re)
.i ssissitpi C. Lyle and assistants (larch): These insects continued
to be sounewhat serious in narts of Grenada, Carroll, Talla-
hatchie, Yalobusha, Tunica, Leflore, Attala, and Holmes Coun-
ties. A fe-v mules have been renorted as killed in Talla-
hatchie and Tunica Counties. (Abstract, J.A.H..)
SHEP BOTLY' (Oestris ovis L.)
North Dakota J. A. ?u.nro ("'arch 26): Recently a larva of the sheen bot-
fly taken from the head of an infested sheen,. vas brought to
this office by Leo '". Henry, local veterinarian; Dr. Henry
re-oorts that according to his observations only a very small
percentage of sheep received from v.estern areas of the State
by a local ~T-Aing rl1nt w.'ere infested 'ith the nest.
STICKTIGHT FLZ (EchidnoDheag grllinacea '.est;.)
Mississioni C. Lyle and assistants (March 25): Complaint.s in regard to
the stic 1tight flea have been received several times recent-
ly. Poultry gro'ers state that in some cases this oest in-
jured their flocks greatly. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
HO U S HO LD .'. D STO 3 D- PRO DUC T S
I'l S C S
T~s'" ITS (Reticulitermes s. .)
General T. Snyder (-Tebru.ry): During the month of 7ebruary 87
cases of termites %vere reported to the 3ureau of itomology.
The follo';in; list -ives the number of cases re-orted fro'
each section: Newv Enland, 2; Middle Atlantic, 27; South At-
lantic, 26; Last Central, 6; West Central, 3; Lower Mississip-
pi, 14; Southrest, 1; Ficific Coast, 7.
Connecticut P. Z.apnre (March 22)! ,. library in Union County v'as at-
tadc-ed by R. flavines 7ollar. Considerable injury vas done to
ash vainscoting and to larger timbers in the building. A
large dwelling in ec'rv Haven vwas attached by termites in timbers
under the sun -orch. business bloc'- in the city of 7Ke,. Haven
was re-orted by an cxterminptin- comrany as being- attackced;
the extent of injury is un-naown es yet.
Ohio .T. H. P-ar's (March 24): Termites were renorted coming out
in several Colunbus homes. One of the largest ban'ks in the
city of Columbus is undergoing reconstruction -hecre studding
and basoboards in the basement have been injured. Annarent-
ly the mild vinter has aggravated the termite nroblem.
Kentuc y 7. -.. Price ("'arch 24): Termites were reoorted from Lexing-
ton, Louisville, and Fort Thomas. ,.
Mississiopi C. Lyle and assistants (March 25): Termites continue to
damage buildings in Corinth and other tov'ns in northeastern
M:ississippi. Many houses are infested with this pest. (Ab-
Nebraskla '. H. Swen (farch 1 to 23): Additional reports of damage
in houses by termites (R. tibialis 3's.) were received from
Douglr.s County during the period here covered.
A;RGMTIf '_TT (Iridomyrmex humilis .ar)
.labama J. M. Robinson (March 21): There are heavy infestations
of the Arogntine rnt .t Monroevillc and Auburn.
P2a T=-V;IL (.:rci;a s misorum L.)
North Dakota J. A. Munro (e"arch 26): A serious infcst-tion of the nca
veevil in stored seed -oeas v.as reported from Fargo under
date of 'arch 10. The weevils were in the adhlt stage and
numerous in the samle examined.
A CURCULI01TID (Cleonus frontalis Lee.)
North Dokota J. A. Ifeiro (', rch 10): A beotle caused damage to grow'ing
plants and to the stored seed. Last yea!r vhen the beans were
about 2 or 35ri'hes high some of the-m iiltcd and died. Upon
examination a small white v.orm about one-half inch long was
found to have vorked up through the center of the stem. This
vinter I found a bug in the bean bin. I have not found a
live one since about the first of the year.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
II 111111111111II D 11111P, liU U l I ll11 Blull IIl liIL 111111
76-_ 3 1262 09244 6029
ISNECT CONDTTIO~S iT PORTO RICO DUI.ITIG F.TJSUAY, 1932.
S s. ;T Wolcott
Insular Experiment Station, Isabela, Porto Rico.
A fev bean pod borers (CMr!ca testulalis Geye r) are beginning to
appear a-.ir. in lima beans. Daring January none of these insects were
found in lima beans althouth some wer.e seen in snap beans.
A leaf beetle, Cerotoma dlenticornis Fab., has been more abu-ndant in
the sprayed fields than in those where no attempt has been made at insect
or fungus control.
I planted some Crotalaria incana beside my own lima beans here, and
am just beginning to collect the seed now. Not a, single pod is infested,
and indeed I have no record of finding Eti.ella zinckenella caterpillars
in lima beans, either my own or those on the Station -rounds, since last
December. I can not imagine what' hs happened to the insect, as our
minimum temperatures are not nearly so low as in sc-rthern California,
the :me-ans for December and January being 650 F.
A lace bug, Cor-thucha gossypii Fab., has been present for several
weeks in the :morc -wind-swept corner of one lima bean field, but is just
now becoming s-uf icientl- nr:,e'rous to cause appreciable damag e.
The midges (Sciara sp.) appearec in small numbers at light on the
ni gt of February 24, but none had been noted before, and I saw none on the
ni'htof February 25.
C. H. Ballou
The coffee aphid (Toxoptera a-rantiae Boyer) is abundant in the
plantations now (February 9), but iz doing relatively little damage because
the sc-!on is not v.ry dry, and the trees are holding the old leaves well.