|Table of Contents|
Reporters for the insect pest survey
The more important records for January and February
General and forage-crop insects
Forest and shade-tree insects
Insects affecting greenhouse and ornamental plants
Insects attacking man and domestic animals
THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
Volume 17 March 1, 1937 Number 1
ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
Digitized by the Internet Archive
REPORTERS FOR T INSECT PEST SURVEY
United States The Entomologists of.the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, U. S. Department of Agriculture
Alabama Dr. J. M. Robinson, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn
Arizona Mr. C. D. Lebert, P. 0. Box 2006, Phoenix
Mr. D. C. George, State Entomologist, Comm. A riculture and Horticulture, Phoenix
Arkansas Dr. W. J. Baerg, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Mr. Dwight Isely, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
California Dr. W. F. Herms, University of California, Berkeley
Prof. E. 0. Essig, University of California, Berkeley
Mr. S. Lockwood, Bureau of Plant quarantine and Control, Department of Agriculture, Sacramento Mr. H. S. Smith, Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside
Mr. H. J. Ryan, County Agricultural Building, Los Angeles
Mr. D. P. Mackie, Department of Agriculture, Sacramento Mr. M. L. Jones, Department of Agriculture, Sacramento
Mr. A. E. Michelbacher, University of California, Terkeley
Dr. A. 7. Morrill, 815 Hill Street, Los Aueles
Mr. L. M. Smith, University of California, Deciduous Fruit Field Station, Route 1, Box 232, San Jose Mr. F. H. Wymore, College of Agriculture, Davis
Colorado Dr. C. P. Gillette, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins
Dr. C. M. List, State Agricultural ColeT-e, Fort Collins
Mr. S. C. McCampbell, Extension Entomologist, State
Agricultural College, Fort Collins
Connecticut Dr. W. Z. Britton, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven
Dr. B. P. Felt, Bartlett Pesearch Laboratory, Stamford
Dr. P. Garman, Agricultural Exps riment Station, >w Haven Mr. N. Turner, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven
Mr. M. P. Zappe, Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven
Delaware Dr. L. A. St arns, Agricultural Zxpriment Station, Newark
Florida Dr. Wilmon N'well, A-ricultural experiment Station,Gainesville
Mr. J. R. Watson, A ricultural Exp riment Station, Sain sville
Dr. E. W. Bcrger, State Plant Board, Gainesville
Dr. H. T. F rnald, 707 Uast Concord Av nue, Orlando
Georgia Mr. M. S. Y omans, Stato Board of Entomology, Atlnnto
Mr. Theo. L. Bivall, State Experiment Station, EZp riment
Mr. C. H. Alden, Stat Feard of Entomology, Cornelia
Mr. J. B. ^ill, Bo 572, Albany
Idaho Dr. Claude Wakeland, University of Idaho, Moscow
Illinois Mr. W. P. Flint, State. Natural History Survey, Urbana
Dr. T. H. Frison, State Natural History Survey, Urbana Dr, C. L. Metcalf, State Natural History Survey, Urbana Indiana Prof. J. J. Davis, Purdue University, Lafayette
Iowa Dr. Carl J. Drake, Iowa State College, Ames
Mr. H. E. Jaques, Iowa Wesleyan College, Mt. Pleasant
Kansas Prof. G. A. Dean, State.Agricultural College, Manhattan
Dr. H. B. Hungerford, University of Kansas, Lawrence
Prof. H. R. Bryson, State Agricultural College, Manhattan Kentucky Prof. 7. A. Price, University of Kentucky, Lexington
Louisiana Mr. C. 0. Eddy, Louisiana State University, Baton Pouge
Mr. W. E. Anderson, State Entomologist, Department of Agriculture, Baton Rouge
Dr. H. L. Dozier, Box 599, Opelousas
Maine Dr. H. B. Pierson, State of Maine Forest Service, Augusta
Dr. F. H. Lathrop, Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station, Orono
Maryland Dr. E. N. Cory, University of Maryland, College Park
Massachusetts Mr. A. I. Bourne, Agricultural Experiment Station,Amherst Michigan Prof. R. H. Pettit, State College of Agriculture,East Lansing
Mr. Ray Hutson, State College of Agriculture, Last Lansing
Miss 7ugenia I. McDaniel, State College of Agriculture, East Lansing
Minnesota Prof. A. G. Ruggles, University of Minnesota, University Farm,
Mississippi Mr. Clay Lyle, State Plant Board, State College
MiUori Dr. L. Haseman, University of Missouri, Col.'hi
Montana Dr. A. L. Strand, State College, Bozeman
Mr. H. B. Mills, State College, Bozeman
New Hampshire Dr. 17. C. O'Kane, 'Entomoloiri lt, Colle-e of Agricultur3,.
Univ7 rsit r of New Hampshire,- Durham Mr. J. G. Conklin, Ent(,)mologist, Crlle--e rf A -riculture,
University of New Hampshire, Durham
Mr. L. C. Glover, A,-ricultural Expreriment Station, -'urham
New Jersey Dr. 7. J. HI-adlee, University of, t7ersey, 'New 7runswick
Mr. Chief, Fureau cf Statistlico and Inspecticn,
.partirent of Agriculture, 7renton
Dr. ". L. Goytcn, Sherman- .,*!illiars Co. ---r,-dnd rcok
Mr. F. A. Sor!- ci, Nursery Inspz ctor, Dcprartm ,nt of Agriculture, ".renton
New Mexico Dr. j. R. E-yer, Colle.:,-e of A rriculturo, State
New York Mr. P T Parrott, Agricultural -Experiment Station, Geneva
Dr. R. 1). Glas,-ow, New York Statc Museum, Altany Mr. P. J. Chapman, Fox 51, Vassar PcU,--hkeepsie
Mr. R. E. 1--orsey, Hig-hland Park, Roch -,st,-,r Dr. 14. D. L e o na rd 17ohn Powell Cc Co., Inc.,114 -ast 3Ld St., ,.,,ew York
North Carolina Dr. Z. P. MTetcalf, Statc College, Statc Collz--e Station, RalA-r-h
North Dakota Prof. J. A. 114unro, North 7akota A- -ricultur,,7 1 College,
State College Station, -T,ir,,,o
Ohio Prof. .1. 1-1. Parks, Ohio State University, Columlrus
14r J. E. Houser, A, bicultural -11.--j". ri-nent Station, Wooster Dr. D. 1... DeLong, Ohio Stt)te Universit,,-, ColLunlrus Dr. T;. OsIrorn, Clio State University, Col-am-t-is Mr. 1". ':% ",""'c-,ndenhall, Ohio St,-Ae e.,,artmcnt of' culture, Erix-hton Foad, Col-,zmhus
Mr. T.T. IT. Ynull, Ohio State Univt rnit,,,, C,,.l-L&tus
Oklahoma Dr. .1. '?enton, Ckltd,.oma Al -ricultural and 1, Iechanical
Coll--L- 1, Stillr ,ratt7.r
Mr. C. Y. Stilos, : tension Entoricl,-,-iot, Oklahoma A.-ricultural and Mechanical
Oregcn Dr. D. C. Mote, State A 7ricultural Coliege, Corv,-)Ilis
Pennsylvania Dr. R. 11. Bak ,r, State Department of' J'. ricultur(,-,Harrisburg
Prof. H. E. Pennsylvania State Stat ) College
Mr. J. R. St- .'Inr, c/lo Kopp,;rs llxp rir.,.c.nt -Wrrm, L'.; 7onier 'Ar. C. A. Thomast t
Pennsylvania Statc C(,!,. X -!nn(At Square Mr. IT. 14T. St Ut,-- L, --re,0t.rite Colle -e
'r on" I "I
Rhode Island Dr. E. Stu ne, State Ee artment of' Azriculture Provilence
South Carolina Prof. Franklin Sherman, Clemson College Mr. W. C. Nettles, Clemson College
South Dakota Prof. H. C. Severin, State College of Agriculture and
Mechanic Arts, Brookings
Tennessee Prof. G. M. Bentley, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Texas Dr. F. L. Thomas, Agricultural Experiment Station,College
Mr. R. R. Reppert, Extension Entomologist, Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station
Utah Dr. G. F. Knowlton, Agricultural Experiment Station, Logan
Prof. C. J. Sorenson, Agricultural Experiment Station,Logan
Vermont Dr. H, L. Bailey, State Department of Agriculture,Montpelier
Virginia Dr. W. J. Schoene, Agricultural Experiment Station,
Dr. H. G. Walker, Virginia Truck Experiment Station, Norfolk Mr. C. R. Willey, Division of Plant Industry, 1112 State Office Building, Richmond
Mr. A. M. Woodside, 916 North Augusta St., Staunton Dr. W. S. Hough, 523 Fairmont Ave., Winchester
Washington Mr. M. H. Hatch, University of Washington, Seattle
Prof. R. L. Webster, State College of Washington, Pullman Mr. A. J. Hanson, Department of Entomology, Western Washington Experiment Station, Puyallup
West Virginia Dr. L. M. Peairs, West Virginia University, Morgantown Prof. 7. E. Rumsey, Agricultural Experiment Station, Morgantown
Mr. E. Gould, State Department Agriculture,Kearneysville
Wisconsin Mr. E. L. Chambers, State Department of Agriculture,Madison
Dr. C. L. Fluke, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Wyoming Mr. C. L. Corkins, Office of State Entomologist, Powell
Miss M. Greenwald, Office of State Entcmologist, Powell Mr. W. D. Owen, University of Wyoming, Laramie
PTerto Rico Mr. G. N. Wolcott, Insular Experiment Station, Ri PIeta
Hawaii Mr. 0. H. Swezey, Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association,
Mexico Dr. Alfonso Dampf, Avenida Insurgontes 171, San Jacinto,
Mexico, D. F.
Costa Rica Dr. C. H. Ballou, Apartado 1368, San Jose
Brazil Mr. E. J. Hambleton, Instituto Biologico de Defesa
Agricola, Sao Paulo
Egypt Mr. A. H. Rosenfeld, Botanical and Plant Breeding Section,
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 17 March 1, 1937 No. 1
THE MORE IMPORTANT RECORDS FOR JANUAkY A1D FErUARY
The unseasonably warm weather of January and February in the Southeastern States stimulated insect activity. The outstanding development was the outbreak of the green bug, *.hich centered in Georgia and occurred also in South Carolina and Alabama; however, the effect of the sudden cold weather of the last of February was being felt in some locations and may check the outbreak.
Such insects as the cabbage Iutterflies and noctuid moths
were observed in flight. The development of the Monarch butterfly from egg to pupa was reported from Florida January 10.
Counts of samples of hibernating chinch bus in Tippecanoe County, Ind., showed that 57 percent of the tugs were living on February 1. A high percentage of the chinch bugs in Illinois were alive the middle of January.
Reports from New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and Virginia,
indicate that eggs of fruit aphids are scarce.
Eggs of the eastern tent caterpillar were reported as hatching the third week in February in the extreme southern part of the Hudson Valley in New York.
The San Jose scale is passing the winter successfully in
central and southern Illinois, from 24 to oO perc-nt of the scale being alive. In Idaho, however, 100 percent mortality occurred above the snowline, where counts have be.n made.
The plum curculio is keeping pace with the early blooming of peach trees at Fort Valley. An adult was jarred from the trees on February 8, the earliest record of such occurrence.
Reports from California show no marked effect of the unusual cold weather on scale insects on citrus.
The vegetable weevil is occurring in abundance from Chaflestan, S. C., in the East, around the Gulf States to Harrison County, Tex., in the West.
The diamondback moth was reported as unusually abundant on cabbage in scattered localities in the Gulf States and on broccoli and cabbage in Texas.
A new infestation of the sweetpotato leaf beetle was discovered in Mobile County, Ala., in December. Although the insect has been reported from central and northern Alabama, this is the first record in the southern part of the State.
The fall cankerworm was reported to be mating on December 13 on Long Island. The moths have also been active in that general section of the country all winter.
Larvae of Parharmonia pini Kellicot were collected on pine in the mountainous section of northern Georgia. They were determined by C. Heinrich, who says: "This is our first record from the far South." G. M. Bentley reported the species from Cumberland County, in eastern Tennessee, on July 16, 1936.
17ew Ham,.)shire. L. C. Glover (Ye-orua-.ry 25): A report from ?ortsmrnuth,
Rocking~iam Coun1-ty, in the southeastern part of thie State, s-s t'ha t
grasshoppers wore h.oppin.7 about during the third wee?:_ in Pebr'-ary.
ThIey were probably of thle genus ChorthopbL~a~a.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (?e-iruary 23): "here is every indication th,?t -rasshoppers will be abundant i n northern and western Indiaa., and tha~t
scattered outbreak s will occur in other parts of the State.
Illinois. W. P. Plirnt (2ebr-,:ar-,T 22): In connection with some of our IibC
oratory work,, at Urbana thnis winter, w e h1;ave been -brinL-imn' in nuinbers
of -'rasshopper e,,,-s aboiit every 7 to 10 days. 80rxuaeyS percent
of these eg, s have been hatchin,2. Th e, are appa r ,n t1-r c orr.,in~ t : -lou',-h
the winter in very- '-o od cond it io n.
I cahI-o C. Weland (iTeboary 24): Grasshoppers are at a low point in their
population circle in Idaho. From the 19376 survey of adults, outbre _th-s
are not expected in 1977, bout in a few localities the populations will
be hie!:vier than in 1936 an-.d will be above normal.
TMONO\ CRICKET (Anabmus sixmpley 1 Ild..)
Idaho. C. Wa2eland (.2e .ruarY 24): A Stato-wide e. ; survey made in the fall
of 19,76 indicates th,,at appro~riimtely 1,-25,000 acr-es of cropo and ran.Te lands arc with n tUhe borders of the infested are-as in 21 cou"nties, and
thaLt a minimum of 90,000 across- of land will need to be dusted to obtain
co-miiercial control in 1977. Whil(c thc infested -trea is probably, no
greater than it was in 1936, thie density' of thie -opulatio11 is e-rreoctcd
to be much '-roater, especially in counties in thd,. western )art of th~e
SAY'S STI:MUG (Chlorochroa _ayi Stal)
Calif orniLa. C. S. Mzorlo-y (Fobruary 4): We are findins- ay oflte Sayt
pl1a nt bug-s 'I cr aatiLn,- under cIuips of Russian-thI.ist.e in Kern Counjtyl.
This species c,-.usrd much di rina-o 2 years ago.
AWMYW0RM (P~rphis unipuncta Hiaw.)
Gtiorzia. T. L. Bissell (2cbn.ry 3): Army-vorms (C. uni-,incta) vzrc foand
in hibe'rnation undILr plant debris on February 3, but ar'. not r.orC
numerous than- t1i wreayarao
ielorida. J. R. 'Watoon (,Xwcru,,a2r 24 1): )hlnoi av f th,. bL-1" P 10th
havoc bean soon in theo Gansile strict.
CUT".702IMS ('L Toctuidae*)'
Ylorida. J. R. I'latson (Febr-oary"24): ' Sud-'Ll' i e c' t s as cutworms have been
unusual r corrition.
110 INTAP dHI BUTT MF,.T,Y ('Ijana iq meni]2-pe E-on.)
Florida. II. T. Fernald (January-16)." Found eggs and larvae up to 1 inch
lon: ,-, feeding freely and saw four chrysalis just completed, from the
plants, r errioVed just before pupati'on. This i s', I thi :, the f irst
record of its breedin,- at 0 1a-ndo at this t me. of year, by actual
indin- of the early dta es, though I have reported talking fresh
adults the last of March and first of April.
BUTT M.-PLIZE'S (Lepido'ptera)
Georggia. T' L. 23issell (January 23): Butterflies, species of Pieris and
Colias, were in on January 23. A specimen, probably Catopsila
u"oule L., was cn,u--ht on December 18.
P. IM. Gilmer (J--t--Taary 16): Cabba'.70 b ,tterf lies are rather common
Tennessee. G. Mi. Bentley (Zebruary 23): A cabb.-ige butter-I'ly and many
different speci es of nocti.-tids w-ore seen in flig'At this se.asor..
FALL ARTV:IwdORI, giperda IS. & A.
Georvia. P. M, Gilmor (JI7-Inuarv 16'): L. f m,(:ri )erda Iias been rather conmon
at li,-.'its durin- '-his weel- at Tii-ton.
CGIP2MICIF 11M. SPIM (2ttran.-L s telarius L.
Pemisylvani,-i. H. e. Dietz (IFelbruary 10): Red spider, (T. telarius L.)
.ias bcen a serious -oest in greenhouses a-rid. in tl-ie large commercial
rosc-growing district t-iround PhiladolpIUA.
Mississippi. C. L- :-le (Feb nvq.*7- 24) -T. jel.,I.rius was damapinp, boliffood at
Mccomb on J,%nuery 27, arborvitn-.e at- VardIvian o n Ja-.,,iuarv 16, !qnrl Yorway
price at Jaekson early in PolbrixarY.
Louisinzia. C. E. Sriit*,,,, (Ja,-.Iuary 27): Accordl-ig to re-ports from the strawberrr-grovwii- district around 11:*Armoad, Cie red spider iri-s a' ndant in
CEREAL A N D F 0 R A G 2 C R 0 P 1 1 T S 'Z C 'T S
C- ,J17CI 3UIG (Blissus leucopteras Sa','o )
I.iOA-i.ra. C. 114. P,-Ic"m,rd (Fe-oriar- ',:, 6): C*,--inch bu, z ab-,indance in 1/5-F(Taarofoot of bu-nch grass ta2:en by C. Benton from .,'ove 7. jer 27, to
recc-mber 5, 1936, from four northwestern counties of central ln ia-.-a
was as follows:
Avcra=- e bu,:-s Ra t i 1-17
Coun t'-' Samp'l e s -.i.are foot ecl--crts Fcaic)---urn- be
Benton - - - 2 640 : 1. o d (- ra + e-a ijundan t
T i ppecanoe - -: 22 1,115 : 77'er- abundant
Clinton - - - 25 290 : Moderate
T i pt o n - - - 25 6, : Sca-,-,t
Winter mortalit- o-L" c1iinch bu-s in s,:4mpics of bu-,c,L-., raiseses, includirl-, a f ep timotII sa-,,,.ples, taj7;,r 3e-nton i-Tippecanoe Count,'- t..Is -iinter, is -,'horn in tk- e follo- %rizr-r Mortality was about the sa me i--i timoth:r as in bunch ,7rasrcs.
Date sax;lpl e s Livi-n,z -ju 'D c a'-I s
g o r Ni=b e r --am -i o r c- c t
Nove.-iber 21 - 9 084 11 1
Deceiaber 14 - 10 1,155 64 5
Ja.,juary 6 20 21781 115 4
F e ") rua ry. 1 20 1,984 1,305 *43
*1Iiis mortalit7,11 Joner,-:tl in Tippecanoe Count,-:,
J. J. Davis (2c-jraary 27): Unless un-favorable weather appc.!7trs betwefn now an.--' t:ie *Iimc for chinch bu,, s to rn4-r,,?,tc, to w-Loat a-- other
small grains, we anticipate trouble on t'he v!estern border -if the StI-Ite
from L-3ko County on the north to Greene Cou.it7r on thi soutli, and T)crlhaps
coveri:ig two tiors of counties frorr, .hc western '-)ordcr.
Illi-aois. 7". P. 21ijit (Fe-,)r1j,%ry 22): Chircl, bu-s brou, --:I+I. in frozi hibernation the middle of J );.,uar",' 71 ii v c s A.torin a very :ii-Ii pcrcea ta ;7c of -urvival.
T.-!-,esc 'iave I.,jid -,.7hich are no%-,, hatc'Ai:,-T in the zrcer-'-,ouoo'R71:21 -3UG (':07o-ptera xn A num
South Carolina. T. L. 13issell (I:1c'jruar7, 13): A from Bambor'7 Cou- t:,
in the souta-central p, rt o the S4 _jyS t.: .t 'I
il c s had
losses from ozi oats tl-lis -'-intor.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (M -arch 1): Green aphids appeared on oat,, in large
numbers in centa Alaama inldi, ee County.
CGeor7ia. T. t. Bisnell (2e-o-raarv, 22): T*Ie most Important I tem this i-inter
lias been the ou-tbreaL;- of tie =reen boug on oats and other -rains. I
:ave inspected 25 properties in 4 counties in central Georgia. -- S,,)ld.-ingz, Pi'-.e, Lam-,ar, a;-id Hlonroe- In whichi I e st irate thiat 5 percent of
thae oat crop has been destroyed. At thAe experiment station in Spaldin,County plots of wh1-eat a-,,d barleyr have been heavily d-lmazed, u n111l
n-,earTy~ farms wheat Is untQuL1c1 id. I fi-nd that thie lai. s are still spread*ing at the experiment, station buLt decreasing. o n tho ars This is possibly e-yplain-ed boy local protection from weather, thfAt i*s, the cool weather
of Febr'nar.- seems to have checked the bugs, except possibly, wilere they
were protected by woods. The outbreak~ first came to my attention on
*January 23 bout o-Ie farmer noticed it before, ChI'ristmas,
0. 1. Snapp (ebraary 4): '.le green bug is uinsun.117 ,3bundant at
2'ort Valle-, Peachi Oounj:.t7, ecid h-as already caused considerable 'damage to w-deat. Soame wAeat pL-lan-ts are deo;d -as a result of' the sevQore att.?c'-:, -and lar.,e areas i-n ma.-ny fields are showing the effects of the feedin,' of this
2kaom.~ A. 2e::--ton (2corua,-ry1 23): In the first wekin Jinua,;r~ we received reports of green bu- dara, t wheat in Ga rficld County, in the
n'orth.-cen.,tral P~art of t'.ic Stat,'c. -A number of fields showcAd evidenaces of
severe inf est Ati,)n ind in one field visited wheat ha-d been killed in
SP0TTCE OTCUD1,1M 3.72=I (fiabrotica-) duodecim-Pinctata F.)
Georgi-a. 0. 1. Sngpp (Jnay11): The hot wenAther of. rent weeks hais
bromt! :Lt the 12-spotted cucumber beetle out of hibernation u-nisuall1y
carl- at Fort 7Valley,. UMa ny wore' observed on winqg -todaty, some of them
beoi ng on wheiat plants.
L o u isiapa C. 0. Sidd-1. (Mairch 1): Adlts have been active and abunda-nt
sevcr., l times durin.- the-1 win-tcr.
AIPAYD2A W INEZIi (L:iypera aostic, Zll,)
California. A. .1.. Michelbachler (F~ebruary 2.7): On Febmrcrr 16 a survey was
mai-de of the alfalf-a fields In the northwestern -part of the San Jo.aqqiin Valley. No larvt.et or adu-lts of thec alfalfa weevil were. collected.. Onl
January 3, before col&'. wcat.'er sot in, a survey was made of alfalfa. fioJds
in thie San Yra.-ncisco Bray, district. In most fields no larvae or adults of'
tnc alfa-lfa-- weevil were: fou,-'1d, althoug!-h in one field 12 lnrvre were colloctod in 300 sweeps. A second. survey was made on ,Pebr~uary 22. In most
fields nio larvae or adults wore collected. 'In one field an average of
J.alfalfa weevil' larvae were collected per 100 sweeps oh surprising
t~iiang in this f ield vas that -.n average of 10 adult Bala~pctes curcu1-4--llis Thorns, was tenper 100 sweeps. Last rear at this time the count of alfalfa wvilJ larvae rarzed from 40 to 500, and the count of
adults frora 6 to 60.
CNVIZ L7,A21 7.717VII (Li= pu:7ictata
Califor-nia. A. 7. jTlic"Ielbac'ler (2ebru-r r 23): C- a xilebrair.-, 1 surve,r was
r.iade of alfalfa fields in t'ie T.) -,rt of the S,, JO
.l 1 ey oujjrj. 0V- One clover le!.af weevil larva) i7,as f 22 _ibout
three clover leaf i7eevil larvae -ere t -:O-a to 100 s .. eOPs in t'---e S, .-_,
PEA APHTD (Illingia ELgj K"It.
Go o rg ia. T. L. 3issell (2ebru_: ry 22): pea- Ipiai'i is common O*n Au tri-'.:I
winter peas at Eperimc-A -out secrz to be less abu-_'d_I-nt t1a': :, i t -",-Is i n
Ja nuary. In some s-pots po-As t-Arat l-ere t_.-iickly Inf ested ,,7it' _)hids
have died and tac ap-iids must be at least, partly respond. siblc.
California. A. 3. MUcholbacIaor (2ebruar- 23): T"I-Ie -ne-L anlaid --,).s
distributed t'arou-- t",.e al-F-lfa 'ields in tho Si:l Fr, : xisco 01strict on 2ebruar 22.
CTVP: A GUTIfOULIO aeneus Bo.roor-ia. T. L. 3issell (2o"u-.uar:7 22): AIul ts of t'_%e cow-,pe-i cu-,.-culio are
fouad co:_v-_io.a1-1 under dead -rass and loaves in last loe-i fields,
out .10 active curc-alios Iixavo bcon foiind.
APPL*'7 2TIUDS (AC)'alidac)
H.,_v.i-ps1aire. L. C. Glovor (2o'L ruary 25): of t'--.e -roc- agnl D aphid
a.m! De"Ir. are sc-tree on trees in
(A2:iA p well-c-irod-for orch,-trds in
Durha;.i. Th(.y nixioroi:s or, some trees i:-i u-,c!ircd-for orch,7 rds.
Penns, Ivania. H. 1. Hodzlciss (Marc:a 2): A-D.Ad e, gs ----tre com-p-Ir-Itivel,
scarce in w)ple orcIi-,rds.
Virgi nirt. W. J. Sc:ioe--e (Abru.- ,r- 22): A fe, 7 inJic-Ite that
eg" 's of apple ap'Aids P.re unasur.tll, difficult to find.
CODLINO, MTH (C;-trpocapsa i)ono-,oll.t L.
Goo rgia. C. H. Alden 2e,)ru--try 27): L--.irvao still in : ;bcrnatio:a buf no
pupation to date in Count-,-, in nort",_ i-.t' rn "eorgi'l.
Indiar,- t. J. J. Davis (Fobruary 23): L-tr,-4o numbers of co ling ri,.ot",s
into wi:iter quarters and vie i.AiciT)ate a ho-iv, if
vlcat' -ior co-.i(Ii io-,s -ire
: ASTTUq '2MTT CAT* RPILIAR
c-: Yo P. !Polt (2-Ibruar7 25): Apple tent c- t; '-rpill.,-Irs ( Ll.--ImcricancL)
-.%)r-- reported .-:is h,),tc'ain,7 in s.-in.21 nuinbors 1-1st wooh it Riv (., rd., le just
=t' -- of Now YorIA Cit-T. Tie-- ,: re some,-hat numerous hare P,,-id C-lere,
t-iou-Th loss ab-and,:Ant t-.,an 1D.st reqx.
S.' JOS7 SCAL" (-';.s,)idAotus -0ormiciosus Comst.)
1;ew L. C. Glover (.:jebruhry 25): The SPL--.. Jose sc--),lc is -ver-l sc- -Lrce
i.,- Stral.Lord and Roc1:ing11---u-i Cou-.,ties.
IllLicis. W. P. 21int (2ebrutiry 22): C. CIA!Indler has just completed some
counts of S,:1:-- Jose scale in southern Illi---,ois, w' ic'.,i indic,!:),te that from 24 to 53 percent of t'k-Le scale is si-.Lrvivi,ig in different localities. kc7r..T.ii,,1ation of scale in ce--, tr-il Illinois the latter part' of December s"aowod -about 60-]?ercent survival. T*.'ie weat1-ier On the -'iole Llas beer
v o r,.T mild, liigli surviv--),l of
Ge o r,!; ia. C. it". Alden (.J ebruqarY 27): Oi7ing to rainy ,7inter .7viadab:, onnall-T
earl, swcllins of the buds, many -growers failed to a-P -)l- dorn,-Ant spr- rs
,and, as a result, t]de sc, Lle hq s not been properly controlled in some
p e ac:i orc.,-irds in Count, in nortlieastorn
a'--Lo 0. Wak:e1-:tnd (2ebrnar- 24): On ly -a fe-r coi-L..ts been made of the
conditions of over -ii---.tering Sa--L Jose scale, but t'iese Liave sao,.-!n 10OL-percont mortality in a corirziu:lity w',.ore t1le minirmim te-T:iperature reac"Lied -300 2.
It is pro-bable t'. "at snirvi-,;-al o;.-, bark above sno,;7 lLie v!ill be low t:.Irou, zhoi--,,t t--o St,7 te, as ta:ipcratures in ne-:trl,-,.?1 all localities* ,herc t',.e sc,,: le
is ostablis1ied were lower than -250, t.ie temper iture r.-ilich has boon found
to effect co,'.1pleto ',-,ills in other 7i--'JtOrS.
OP71AN RM 1"'IT7 (P,-=Lr' .tetrinyc:ias p ja lna 0.
Uc77 '11xiips1ii r e. L. C. Glovor (2ebruar-r 25): Tho e:? s of t'.ie ZLLropoar. red mite
(P. ]2ilosus) are on apple trocs in Dnr";1--Lm, p--irticularly on
lrouii.-, Fr trees.
-L. --, Od,2 lriSS (1,/ arch 2): of ti -rope,:L. red mite .,- .re
abando.nt over t.he State.
PIUM CnT 1 10 (Co .:iotrqchqlus no:-g-1
"U"i _12L, aK HbSt.
GcorgiA. 0. 1. S:iapp (Feb.rw r-- 8); An adult curc-alio ,-as c rk,ht tt day by
jarring wild plum treas at 2ort Valle--, Wild pluti troes are now in f tl
'bloon n)-nd peach trees are be.,oinninIg to.bloom, somo havi'17 half of t.'Ieir
"Olooi.1s fuller opened. 'Llhis is the -,:Lrliest &-tto on which we 1 ave recorded
"0 Ftppc,: rance of adult curculios fro-,i hiberraui.o.n, alt- -)ugh a:,:,w%1 Jarriag records iavo boon made for 20 -..-oarc. We iave tikon plw.i c-arculios
lierotoforo the latter part of 2ebrtirary, but :,.Lever as early as 2ebrL,%ry 8.
:ie usually be--in to --ppoar froi., %iber-111tio-n in. Mirc'14. T e records this
Year co.'Llfirm those of oti-ior In t-h-it Cie clirculio be!Tins to 'F p-pear
f rom '.'1iber--1a L1 ion wl ion pe-ich uro js begin to bloon.
C. H. Alden (2ebi-narl 23): No beetles la,- .ve ei.ierged frori hibernation
in Hobershari Co-w-lty, in no rt"-aeas tern (Goorgia.
ORL]FTAL 2RUIT MOTH (Clranholit.'aa r,olesta Buscl-)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (2ebruary 23): In .-tre-,is w-aere t7iere was a po-ich crop
last year tl-le oriental fruit worm is overwinteri-- in r-- tIier larje
P!;ACH BOR 'RS (Cgno-.2i a sp-p.
Ala-j,)iaa. J. M. Ro-jinson (Y"re'n 1): Pc ic-a tree borers (. axitios S,'),,,) were
sufficio-ritly abiLida).-A in central Alabaria to rcql.Ar treat,-c-t ,,f tlie
I da1io. 0. WrL:el-and (February 24): A ver-, l,-c-u,,-y i-foc-tatiDn -of -3, pc--,c_a borer
is causi-- 1-Le,.ivy da-iaEe to peac.-i, prune, --. ,nd apr----o+l tre;-s in Gem Cou:-.t-,.
Injury is not just typical for that of C. r,-jti, fvua-id
i;i sout1171estern Id,-ilio, as larrae rare fou--Id in t:, e trxrl: .7 nd
evc:i i.-i t:ie scaffold li:.ibs. rli".Ic s-pecios be dotennij-.ed =til
adults are reared in t"1c spri--.,?7.
C--,.L-':RRY SCAL7!; (-s-oidi- tus forbesi Jo'-..s.
Vi r 7i -A ar. W. J. Sc-.oe-. -c (-,?ebru!-iry 22): Li one orc---,7%rd in t-,'ie R,-)a:-o7e section
a large inwber of peach trees are, r:- V .cr scvcrel-,, inj,,ircd b7, A. -."'orbesi.
T-7.RAPIK SC-U,.-!, (LecaniuTi ni.7rof-l.sciatiri Por-,,.)
V i r,,; i ia W. J. Sc:-,.oe,.e (2cbru-iry 22): I-n t.ao Roaro,:e district '.7c, 1.iave ii-i
one Peach orc:i rd an outbroalc of the tcrrapin scale (L.
BLACKB*7RRY MITI (7rioj?;jreq
1Tas:A--,;7,toa. A. J. 11-anson (2obraar:, 23): T'le blaclcborry mite Lss1,-,i) is successfull-.
'RAPZ I,7,A2MP..-2 (2r:i-tl-iro- Eura cor.,es Califoriiia. C. S. (2obruary 4): Grape leaf1ioppers -- rc 'hibernatil-41, in
Kcrn Co-mit.:1 in Cluj-,-.Ps of Ra,-si.-.n-thistlC -:t,.d other ,-:eed grow th and injur-,
may be quite serious this spri.-,- if some winti-r co,-Arol is not practiced.
CITRUS "lIHITTLY (rialguro -s citri As'i,-,.) Florida. J. R. Watson (2ebniar,, 24): T',It ;rc, is now a consider -iblc flif;-,-It,
ulmsu'-1.1 at t'-As of t:ie citrus lv' Atefly (D. cj
1,7 ,,-e Counties.
Mi ssi ssippi. C. L7-le (2'ebraar- 24): Co-,plAints -irn specimens from citrus
trees were received from Bay, Saint Louis on iYo-mber 8, Occa n Spring4-s ona Deco. -bor 9, and De Lisle oni January-, 6, all ini thie south-ern part of the State. Spaci.-icn-s from Cape jasm:.in-,e were received from Canton i,"
th.e centr-al part of tjlo Sta te, ona January 15.
BLAC SCALE (Sai-ss6tia oleao Born.)
Calif orni a. R. S. Woglu::'.i (2ebruary 23): Uaimity Df observations thant
the cold v1eoat"Ler h-ad not produced any outstanidl -,6 scale mortality. There
appears to be a sli;:htL increase of sc-l e mortality on-- living g wood, lea-ies,
or fruit, especially of, th.e sgl-ler stae, owing otccl n an
'out vory little over thlat norma.d to any cool, w~t .'inter. T.lhere trees
are de-foliated, fruit dostrocd and branchels k illed, this riea-ns a reduc tio-n aOf s-- al on theI -pa.rt s tf f octee- As there is a r.atho)-r la!-rge
acreaD7c of leaon orcha-C-rds completely defoliated, 7ith fruit loss and
evidence of more or less dead wood, the scale is considerably reduced
in' such orchards. h.'e -icreage of ora-n-e or grapefruit orcha-rds in tlhe
more scaly districts that have suffered heavr defoliation is compara* tivoly s-mall. 3lack7 scale at this tilm of 1year, is largely on the twigs
and branches. N~o ixroaised r'ortality of black scale has been noted
since th-e cold wzoath..er. Our records of 1922 shwtbat, eve-n in oraw.ie,
trees conipletcl1r defoliated tbat year, th-ere was little natural riortality.
Ina fact, the followi-An,7 year there was one of the most severe black scale
infestations ever noted in eastfern Los Angeles Cou-1,tM, and one thiat requircd 2 or 3 yea-.rs to subdue.
CALUIJ'TIA RM SCAL-J (Chr,rsomphalus aurantii Mask.)
California. R. S. Wo1-;um-. (2ebru-Ary 22z): Actu--l counts made since th.,e freeze,
of red scale on fruit from certain untreated orchards, In Los Angeles
Counity, sh,'owed an-- aver-ie of appro-71.matelir 70 porcent.- of the scale alive on lemons and 60 percent alive on oranges. This is comparable to normal
mortality durin,, cool, wvet winters. One of the most ir.port-nt influences
of the cold weather has been the completed ch4'ecki.ng of scrile development
a-nd, in th--e case of red scale, being -p.ut in a condition more susceptible
to control b.- fu:igation.
H. J. Ryan (FebruAry 9): To suchl e-xtent as defoliation caused
by the freeze does occur, and wh7-ere fruit loss from red scale in un-ai-ated lem..on orchards ran 75 percent or i.iore, there will be some0 decrease in red scab population in Los Anigeles County. According to
come scale counts, the percentage of red scale mortality now evident is somewha'-Lt greater thian usual at this time of yea-.r. We ca.1nt tell
viheth',er this Is due to cold. weather or to the spccdin.-g up of othomTise
FLORIDA SC.-LIL aoiidm I.
fl,,) r i da. T. R. IVatson (. cji-aary 24): cra-,-Icrs o-f t-,c ',"Ioridred scale are to be see---, or, citrus trccs.
PURPT' SC.',17 "jeciji
ilorida. J. R. Watson (.Yc'Jruar,,r 24): a,-Lll--ro---I-- crai-lors of t-he
scale are to be scc-, D-14 citinis tre ;s.
C' 'li-I'orni :I. R. S. -4e',ruary 23): .To mar ,:eU m,-.)rt,%lit-7 of 7arple insects bce---I u -s--rvations in 1913 a-'d
scale. e, -_,Is or i 0 r o'o
1922 s--- xnred little i -lue--,cc o-f cold o.-I mortality,' of t'A s
COTTONY- CUSHICK SCALE (jccry i
J. I. RoA-- ison (1,1?rc", 1): Tic cotto-ny-c-as--i,)-. scalo w-is rcp 7,rtcd
on Ja.,waary 20 as att,-Lclzi-n- s:-rablocry at Livinzston, Sumter Coi-z.Ay, i:- t--le
wost-contral part of t".ie St- tte.
Mississippi. C. Drle (Dcc, .-ijer 9): on Satswn- at Pass C7-.ristin---,
iii Harrison Count-y, or. tie Gulf coast.
A TR77 3OR777. (Prionus s-o.
Ariza.ia. D. C. 07cor-c (J- :,.,.ury 20)- e lar-e --m-L"As of -i lon-2orn borer,
pro' ras fou-'-6. i: 111'.ie roAs of
ba.)Iyr P. c lifor- ic ':L s I'-o t c.
citrus, tre ,s and around t-.,o cro,,.-:. is at P1100:11r.
observed in olle ,-rove.
CITRUS MiST MIT.',3 (P)e,rllocojAcs oleivoi-as Ashm.)
florida. J. R. Watsot 24): -Rust mites have been tro-a-blesorae C ll
wL.Acr and muc-.i IL n done.
'ts ot' C
CITRUS R.M NIT.71 (P-ir-.tgtra:- ,,,-c;m citri I,'-cG. Florida. J. R. Watsoi-- Qe-jru -ry 24): Tx purple m-tc 1 A liris b .en -vilmerons
TRUC K CRO P INSECTS
VEGETABLE WEZVIL (Listroderes obliauus Klug)
South CArolina. W. J. Reid (February 2): On February 2, larval, pupal, and
adult specimens of the vegetable weevil were brought in with the statement that the insect was severely damaging about 25 percent of the plants in a 3-acre planting of carrots in Charleston County. Additional adults appeared among the caged specimens on February 16. The vegetable weevil
was first reported from Charleston County in January 1935.
Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (January 25): Specimens collected on turnips at
Quincy, Gadsden County, in notth-central Florida. This pest now occurs in
abundance in widely separated places in this county.
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (January 13): A.heavy infestation of vegetable
weevils has developed at the experiment station in Spaldiig County,
central Georgia. The insect was rare here a year ago. We have found
approximately 25 grubs to the square foot in two turnip patches. As
yet we find no pupae out of doors, although larvae collected January 13
and brought indoors have become adults.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (March 1): The veet'ole weevil -as very active
during the winter and was doing serious damage in the southern and
central parts of the State, being reported as. far north as Auburn and
La.fayette. In many places the turnip foliage and tubers were destroyed.
Adults had formed as early as January 22.
Mississippi. K. L. Cock-eraim (Jamary 23): The vegetable weevil has appeared
in greater numbers and is doing more injury in the vicinity of Biloxi
station on the coast this season than for several years. Injury began
to show up the latter part of December and has increased throughout
January. The infestation has shown rather constant increase un to the present time. On some other truck farms where examinations were made
severe injury and heavy populations of larvae were found. On many small
turnip plants 8 and 10 larvae were found on single leaves, 21 being
counted on I leaf. Severe injury has been noted on turnips, carrots,
chinese cabbage, and cabbage plants, and some injury on mustard, chinese
turnips, rutabaga, and radishes. Many of the larvae hatched first are
now in the pre-pupal .and pupal stages, although recent examinations
revealed many young larvae still present.
C. Lyle (February 24): The vegetable weevil has been about
nonraally abundant in central Mississippi during the past winter.
Louisiana. P. K. Harrison (January 27): The heaviest infestation of the
vogetable weevil observed in a number of years is reported in the neighborhood of Baton Rouge.
Texas. P. 1. Harrison (January 15): Heavy infestation of the vegetable
weevil 1ttackin turnip plants in garrison County in northeastern Texas.
No other plants examined.
FIL"'I"i2 TITIRTIPS (2i--zt-_,-2:l1n1ena Opp.
L ou i s i -), ----a. C, 0. 7,'dd-.,- Y. -fusc-i Hinds has been moderatel- abunon o-_4iors a_-. s-.-iallots anr -Orcsent in small numbers on c nLb*', ,- .;,c.
2. tritici Zitc;. is 1 07.1 to build up.
POTA--l'O FL_-1.L 3=-171,2 (2)itiiL,: cucumcris Z=..)
Via s'.. i ng to. i. A. J. 11alson (FebnI,-.ir7, 217): TI-Le rot, ,to flea beetle (.1. cucu:.1eris)
)C;cortlcs 19. little more serious e-.c11 seaso.-. t:irou-1iout the St-te.
sect is nw7 a problem from Count- L. over southviostern Washi-_-,gton, and into tzic 17illar-ette V,-,lle7, of Ore-ron. 7,a s o f
t'Ile Cascade Mountains it has become a problem in the Elle-nsbur ,, Kitt, tas
Count,,,-, Astrict, rv,d in parts of Y,,Uma Coi)nty. L' thc PLa'-C-t Sol-Ind
district the -ootato acra-I -e and the -numbur o-f f-iripors the, crop
conti--mie to vary.
3 :A iITS
MIM CAN BE 10 B 3-E LE ( Epi 1 ac:-z-ir var i y e s t i s Mul s
Colorado. R. L. WUlis (February 24): 7-r-i,,aination s of -hi'jerr.,iting bea-n
beetles at Grand Junction at v.eo_2:ly intervals durili,- t.,,c mo-nt- z of Februar-7 slowed t;"t on t1le avora 7.e 13.78 perce:it of V-c -.,cre -alive.
DIAEOND13ACK LICTH (Elutolla rrr culip2nnis Curt.
South Caroli-j a. W. J. Reid (2c'jruar:, 16)* On J.a-',-mary 23 a-opro-7,ima-lely full.-rovTn 1,,.rv,,ie of t1ie c-? b'Ja'-e looer (.Lito,-ra-D..a brassicaee Riley) and of t-ie dia:mondbaclc raotll (P. maculi )e-n-:iis v;ere fou-.d on a, mid',',,tifter cabba,7-e rlanti--' in t'Ae vicinitir of L-.rll-'-ston. Ac ti-.,it- o,L* t--ie .-iorins
decreased sornen-Imt d-,ri--- periods of. tom )erati- res oy7istin,- during
t,ie last few days of Jl -_',.Jar',r and t'ho early part of Fe,)ruary; '1io-.-+-evcr, Vie -population of tic, (liamond"-acl.- rnoth increased to such an (.,Yt.nt b r
Felin: ar-,- 16 as t3 car.so so',rcre dma.-e to winter plan tin Z17.
T'.ier is a pr, _)Ibabilitv + f ir;Drc injur-- ti t'Ae spriiv., pl ?,-nt s.
Louisi-4,r a. C. -$-1j. Sr,,jitjj ; --d R. W. 3ru'ja7-,. r (J-t_,_,a-jry' 27): T--,,e I-Ar-,.iae o' t'-,ie
in'.)t,i are in a-bi,,nd).nce aroiind -i atl,')n Rcn-,. -e. At
presciit they are doin, more da,.-:i-c-c to caYage than any of the common
Texas. F. L. Thomas (F-_7)ruarY 24): The i-:no-ndbacl : moth (P.
anO the looper (A.or-isr c,- j are abu--. ,I. ..t o anO roccoli
in Hi.dal,,-,o Count7l,, in t1lic lo!,-,,er Rio Gr,,inde Y-3.1c- in :Dim-At and
CA33..4.G:" LOOPM (AutoZraphq. brasslcae 'Rile-)
Florid--i. J. R. Watson (Fe-oru;ir,,,- 24):.- Cn--,"Sb!-',Ireloopers have been umsivillir
Loui si,?na. C. E. Sinith and R. IV. Brubakce'r ( .anuia.ry 27):, Tho c--iVc qge looper
is not ver:,r abiradgmt at .3,: ton Rouge.
CABB41GE IVZ31VC.T,! (Hellula undali s F.
Goorzia. T. L. Bissell 22):. Collard.s and turnips were seriously
infested with webwonii fall but -tre now fice rom. i
Mli,,,sissippi.. D. W. Grimes (Novemlocr 2.5): S] eclmens of H. undalis were
collected at' Dur-vit on Yovembor 25.,
IMPORT:.,D CABa4. :3 7,70RDI (Asci,, r-na L.),
Louisiana. C. .0. Smit"a'and R. W. Bruba) -cr (January 27): The imported
cabbage worm is increasi--1,7, in abundance -at 3.%to- Rougo. L..%r-e n-Lzibers
of -he ; Aults were soon on the wing o- J-tnuary 13 Lnd 20. The',' .),re now
1LM=,,qUI!T BUG (MurL-%2itia histrionics Ha'h.n) Texas. F. L. Thom., ,s (Februar-,r 15): Tiarlerfain ca jb-i Jup ;e s -out in their
appearance on February 15 in the Winter Garden district of Southwestern
Tomas, attaciring ca.)b,ze-and re ,I.atad crops.
P 3 IA S
YIO TIII (Lis e,;'re LiL A.7riqan-l Ste-ph.
77as' Angtoz4 A. J. Hanson (25'ebruary 2S): The pca moth is hibernating successfulDr. T%'ic-t thousand cocoons r-Are, boiae, held'in an outdoor iiisectary and observations will be made during tho emergence period. The
cocoons thrat hAve bi en oper.od, recently coi-,tain nori-;ial larvae.
SQMV BUG (Anaq ,r stisDeg
Cal if o rrA a. C. S. Morlc (Fubniar, 4): We are finding? a great -many sqxe sh
,s in Kern County ,%;ad this insect has caused some dwa4 t t t
melons, sVash, T.,.,id pwnnpkin.
=TIP APHID (Rhopalosi-o= Tseudo',)r-issicie Davis)
Louisi ,Ina. P. K. Harrison (Ja-nuary 27): T.1o t-arnip a- 'iid .-.,as proscnt in injurious niim'jors f rom Octo ber 15 to December 30, 1936, at B,,ito-.-. Rou :7,-,. The
par., .isitic fungus 7untorqophtaor,': _m: jiidLs .11as since -reatly reduced t'_.e
Tonas. F. L. Tliomas (February 24): Tlur-nip lice appeared on turnips at
ColleCe Station t.-Lrou,71-iout t'-o. winter.
STRIPM M-11 3Z7--,?L7, (P1zllotrCtP. vittr)ta F.
P. X. 7T
Lou i s i -i -na. garrison (Janiiary 27): T-.-.is insect is sc!nrce on t--.rnips
and m.stard in t:io vicir.it-,r of 3 ,iton Rou-e.
C'2= ruA ,-Jis
Florida. C. B. Wisecup (Febmary 10): Cli,-atic conditions 11-3.ve Joen vcr,,,,- fiv
orable for the development of t'.As insect at Sa-Iford, in So _A4-.olc. Court-,-,
east-ce:itral 21oridxi, _.yat due to v?.riol:LS Co'_U-.tOr.ac'L-A1-,-"- i"IfluezIces, t''C
nw.iber present in J-t:mavy is the loudest over oiser-'rcd at t:As sn,%son
sinco t'-Ie statio-vi was establis'.11od iii 1923.
]FLEA 'mppm (IL-11 L icus c i tr i
Florida. C. 3. Wisecun (2c.)rao.ry 10): Nhm-Oers 'i-iot increasing 7 t S- '-_')ford -.-ut
as t:ie colors is liRr-;estod the i(lults --,re joinp concentr7 ted in the remaining celery.
ONION 7-*CUPS (1-riD aci Lind.
Florida. C. B. WisccuT 10): In yc,----irs of tcr-perati:Lros -)-qd Iric.1c
of rainfall t-'Iis insect is a f- .ctor in lii-Atl n- tho q7a-,lity -,nd qu- I'Itit-,
of celery at Sanford lato in tle s.prin.'-. In J,nuar-, sr-.all colerboinc- soverel,-! dwiaged.
Loui s ia.na. C. 0. 3 dy (1.17.,rc".i 1): T. t!,,).7 ci is pres ,-.41- in s,-.nll nu- icrs on
Texas. F. L. T,,omas (*2cj1-u--ir,r 04): Orion t'-Iri',- s aro a'jvnd- nt on onions in
Dirmait County, o-n the Rio Gr-mde.
CA=072 RUST FLY joja : 17.
washin'7ton. A. J. Hanson (2cbruary P3): T-io Jistri+ 7tion of t:ie carrot rist
now includes the area i'roi-,i u io Cnn-V-i.,v- ,order o:i t'ie nort"A to Lcv-is
County on the sout1a, in Clio R.if,'Qt Sound district. Tie of d.i,;tri',;Ution of the i7isect :-.-is been o7tende d from the Wliite Rtver V-1110y to tle
nort'l and approxir,,atcly 100 rAles soutla since it w?-s first reT-')ort'.d in
1929. T11e t1aird C (3,ncrAioii of -v,',alts co:ati to u-Jil Ja-U,-.iry 1,
that is, specirlens maint','Aned in an outooor i.-Sectar-1'r.
Was~lin-ton. j-.. L. Webster (2'ebruary 23): Thi.s insect has been discovered
at Winlock in Lewvis Conty. the most soutilern record.
Texas. Vi. L. Thomas Februaryy 24): ThLe "beetleafhopper appeared only, in
small numbers during thae past wiatcr 6n. spinach in. the Winte'r Garden
district of sout.T.-ies tern Texas. '2hc insect is present -2lso in Hidal,"o
County, in the lower Rio Grande Valley of thais State, but is causirng
only slight injury to spinach.
SV7?77POTATO LZEAF "22L:: (T -,Po 2horus viridicy-.neus. Cr.)
Alabama. K. L~. Cockerhan (Decei-Yer 10): Onl Dec.ember 9 a.nd 10 an Investigation
wvas mv.de in Mobile Cou.nty of an infestation in sweetpotatoes. Tile insect
had been found on five farrms groiwing- a little over-9 acres of -:potatoesduring- the fall. In most cases th-e injury -r-s reported as not being
severe. On one or tw-o farm;~s, how, ever, the d-tvi -e 77as rather severe. Approximately 5 bush .els of potatoes were destro-'-ed on, one farn. On another
approximately 3 percent of the potatoes remaining, in storage had been
damiaed by larvae and thi s grower reported that the part of the crop already consum-ed had also' been injured.
P.-PP2- 7T32IL (j'thonogas !au,,eai i Canio)
Plorida. J. -,I. Watson (Uelbzuary 24):. Tie f ei. pepper weevils survivir:r the
clean-up caripaign of last winter have been increasing in numbers. in
Manatee County, in iwest-central Florida.
A FLY (Sciara sexdentat-A Petty)
Worth Dakota. J. A. Munro (December 31): Sciarid flies are abundant in a
greenhouse muashroom bed at Pargo. (Specimeons determined by 2. 11. Shaw
as S. (Neosciara) sexdentata -Pett-. )
TOBACCO FL/A RIELZi (Epktrix Parvu ,- 2.)
South Carolina. N. Allen (February 25): This pest was found fee.in,-, on plants
In plant bods near Loris Onile~ir 25. Wveathler was unse,-)sona'.ly warm during January, resulti]'i1g in early I-ermination of tobacco seed an d comparatively larpe plants for this season of th_*.e -ear. Thle appearance of
the tobacco flea beetle is uiiasiially carl:.
?lorida. 2. S. CI-_- : --erli;. (2c7jr,,Iar-I- 25): A fc": flea _.;cctleq. %rc prosont in
to-Dacco pl-Int '.-eds i:- Co-:,:-.t,-, ',ut CIC", _1.' ive c used -no of
ILOL--, C_-,TC7_-""S (Sc,?.-")tCrisc, ,Is
.7. S. C11--t-.:erlin (A'oruary 25): L'Aole criclzets a m-1-M
n 'k, of d.,uia-e in t o 7, C C,
I t ",cds in ]zadoden C,)u-.t,-. Ir J-i ,iar-,
-:i.mou- o pla. 0 n
it appc: red t'rit conoidora-jl e -:ould "Oe caused, ',;ut Cie co-,,ler
w cat 'A ler of ,,V.-r-uar- see:,iod to c.'iecl: t..e activities of the crickets.
3011 IT ,randis --o'
Mi ssi s sippi. C. L7,lc 24): L-is-)ector D. Gri---,es off Dur-i..t reports
t.,iat t'-ie first '. oll v.,oavils fro.-.i c:, ,-cs .. ore on
t-ae screens durin- a war period d-ari-,.;7 first xeck of
D (i nyar--):
Loui si I-i. C. G,-A--es G. 1. S:Ath joll -oovil rcported i-i t'_*if, ca--es at t--.,is --c-r.
In 70 co.i.1_),ira-.,Ac ca---cs 1,029 nroe-vils ,,-,,ore active in J-v_,.,uar-- of t-17 -c- .r,
V.-oroas only 51 v!cre o.)servod Ln 19,70. Dur4 I
Janu-,r- 1 77 t.'.O
t e* .:i-)er,_-tture v:as 'Jelow 320 2. o:-l-- t--.,ice, f ,)r t'-c
290 1936 t.--c te ,-)eraturc dro p,)e(i 323 o-16
dates wit'-,! of 150. 0--,Io v.,c 2vil --as c, ),-). .-..t on t'ie f li screen s,
as co:,.),:tr(,,,,l to 1- ,stl zye-t r, 12 in 11?35, 11 i-n J-L---,,:)x- 1 ?34.
e xa s and T. C. 3ar),,r (2e_ mary Boll weevils 7:_Ivo 'Decn
active and ')roodin,- t:iroi_-L_:.out t__-_ o 7-!intcr il- t',o lo-er 'io Tille-,
wlidere cotto-.1 Ii, .s -7ree:..
R. W. Morula-I'd (J- -nujr,,-): 1tc-ports 221 -covils -livo i.
ti-tion at Colle.--c St:ition duri-. 7 J3:x.ar-- 1937, as, t) 1,41 1 in
1936. T:,.c, -not :,,.s cold as, 1.7 st yeir 71,ut t:iture, v.7,as i,.uc' : -ia r (_ I.; -1
:F :-.d vIt_,oiit t",.e .7-= spells t.!It --.Lt t"
V.'eevils out of 'A__)or.n--Aio.-. in 1936.
T e7,iLs. A. J.
t.1'A Ln Jtmir-- to Jete.A2,1c t-.,-e -)ro-rc ssi%,o in Iolls
lo-er -iortalit,- IZ) r t l, 1 i
.7, :ts over 95 :)ercc:it i.-, -,)olls Ll Decel-.7ior.
COTTON 21'11 7 10P. 7. scri,:Ltus
Te7-,-ts. F. 24): Cottol. ti on
2 2,.-,ru-xy 17 Li nrce ls t'j-F t Irore 1: C'- is :--oro
2 weoT s earllcr t__ a n usul. A -fc, 7 fol.,: i-- fi :-II, t
H. J. Crawford (February): From 6 plants of Tidestromia lanuinosa
collected at Brownsville on February 8, flea hoppers began to emerge
on February 9 and 863 nymphs had emerged by the end of the month. The first nymphs were collected in the field on February 25 from horsemint
and other plants growing within 4 feet of Tidestromia. Of the 35 nymphs, 4 were fourth instars and the others smaller. None were found on plants
30 feet distant from Tidestromia or on small cotton.
FOREST AND SHADE- TREE INSECTS
GYPSY MOTH (Porthetrladispar L.)
Pennsylvania. A. F. Bur.,zess (February 8): On January 20 an infestation was
located just outside of the quarantined area in the northeastern part of Clinton Township, Wayne County, Pa. A total of 99 new egg clusters have been located there in growth, most of which is considered unfavorable for the development of gypsy moth infestation. Clinton Township
borders Dyberry Township, where an infestation of approximately 325 egg
clusters was recently found.
New York. A. F. Burgess (February 8): Intensive scoutiTng and treatment work
continued in the region of the Shawangank infestation in Ulster County, N. Y. Up to January 23 a total of 15,050 egg clusters had been located and destroyed in Putnam Valley, Putnam County, 1. Y. The limits of this
infestation have not yet been found.
FALL CAERE-RWORM (Alsophila pometaria Harr.)
New York. M. Kisliuki (December 15): In a wooded area in Alley Pond Park,
Long Island, on December 13 male moths were actively fluttering up and down on the sunny side of several red oak trees. There must have been about 200 adults on about 5 large trees. Closer observation revealed the fact that there were also numerous wingless females slowly moving
about in the crevices of the bark. The unusual spectacle of insects
of this type mating at this time of the year in this locality was indeed
a surprise. (Det. J. F. G. Clar'ke.)
Northeastern States. E. P. Felt (February 25): Fall cankerworm moths have
been crawling during the milder periods of the winter in the northeastern
section of the United States. Within the last few days, a living moth
was received from Philadelphia, Pa.
EUROPZAN FEUIT LCANIUM (Lecanium corni Bouche)
Oklahorma. F. A. denton (February 23): E'uropean fruit lecanium still promises
to be a considerable pest to shade trees this year and we have received a
number of requests for information on control measures. The insect is
still in the overwintering larval stage on the branches of the trees.
1,AC: CASEBRA-7I (Coleophora laricella Fbn.)
New i1arapshire. L. C. Glover (February 25): The larch casebearer is numerous
in Strafford County in southeastern New Hampshire.
GOLD.7,T OAK SCALE, (Asterolecanium variolosum Ratz.)
New Yorzk. R. E. Horsey (February): A youn,- tree of the sarzont oak (Quercus
sargentii) was found to be badly pitted xrith this scale at Rochester.
PITCH'a-MASS BORM (Parha~rronia ]2Li,L Kellicot) Georgia. 0. o::ei (January 22): Larvae were attac!kin7 lar,--e Pines in
mountain-ous section of northern Georgia, in Union County. (Det. by
PINE NEL SCALE (Chiionaspis cinifoliac; Fitch)
New lia:,ipsaire. L. C. Clover (February 25): Manyr mU-1h pines in Durh-am,
Strafford County, are heavily infested. with pine leaf scale.
OBS~TJR~SCALE (somphalus obscurus Corst.) Mississippi. C. Lyrle (February 24): C. obscurus on tu~ng at Bendale, o.
S 2SEC S AFFC ~ G G RE 7N H 0US E
AND ORITAM MENTAL PLANT S
GRZTHOUSE STONE~ CRICKET (Taclilycines asynamorus Adel.)
North Dakota. F. I-. Butchaer (February 20): A cricket, T. asy Amorus, est.-blished in some greenhouses in Fargo, is causing injury to youn- fla,3x plants. The injury, wAich occurs only of nigh--ts, is characterized by
extensive chewing on the cotyledons of the plants just after they emerge
f rom the soil. Older plants are rarcl>,, attac?>:ed.
A LO0B HO R 17M 3 = I27 (O ev, s -.) Alab,7ma. J. M. Robiason (Marcih 1): A lon:-1:orned beetle, Oberea sp., w--s
re-norted from Tallade,-- on October 29 as attacki-ing oiteni rind 71n -lish
GR*"'t.TOUS77' TI12LY (Trialeurodes vnaporariori= W7estv.)
Marrland. 3. N. Cory (February 12): Reported attacking house plants at
MALYBUGS (Pseudococcus spp.)
Mar;QI'and. 2. N. Cory (February, 12): Reported attacking house plants at
Tennessee. G. M4. Bentley (February 23): Greenh.ousenen 1'ave I-ad considerable
trouble with this insect.
SPRUC73 GALL APHID (Chermes abietis L. Maryj.-and. B. N.- Cory (January 22): Reported on evergreens at Baltimore.
AVOCADO XT. MIT2 (Paratetranychus yothersi McG.)
Florida. J. It. Watson-- (February 24): Iinfestation of Tetranyrchus ntersi
was unusually heavy and most camphor trees 'have been tIhorowz~lly browned.
PAI2S W2MVIL (H~rlobiuq p,, les Hbst.) Mississippi, C. Lyle (February 24): Specimens were collected by Inspector
D. W. Grimes on Cedrus deodara plants from six properties at Kosciusko
and one at Goodman duri-'19 the winter,
A W7;7~IL (Pac:' 1,obius .icivorus Germ.) MAesissippl. C. Lyle (February 24): 'Specimens on Cedrus deodar, were
collected from properties at Kosciusko and Goodmran by -Inspector Dl. 71,
Grimes on Novemaber 28.
DXDonR 1773v.II (Pissodes deodarae Hopc.) Mississipp.C Ly eTbniary 24): A -nurffer of infestations on Cedrus
!qodar 7eorc found by Lnspector D. W, Grimes durir,- November, December,
and Janiuary, at K~osciusko, At least 10 properties were irfested.
0YSTRSFELI SCALE (Lepidoaphes ulmi L.)
New York. R. Z. Horsey (February): A careful survey in Februar' of an ornamental planting at Rochester, of over 600 lilac shrubs from 4 to 7 feet high, showed heavy infestation. Several shrubs were completely covered.
This planting was inspected in the summer of 1935 and the recent survey
discloses a gain of over 6 percent in the number of shrubs with scale
and a heavier infestation on individual shrubs. This plantin- was given
a dormant spray in the spring of 1936, which did not check the infestation. Another planting of over 500 old shrubs showed only 1 shrub with
much infestation and 8 others with a little scale. This planting has had little spraying recently but was carefully sprayed both in su m uer and early spring and was cleared of most all scale in past years. The
scale appears to spread more rapidly on strong vigorous young shrubs
than on old rough-barked limbs of large bushes.
A BULB MITE (Acarina)
Alabama. J. M.Robinson (March 1): A bulb mite was reported attacking Easter
lilies in Mobile on February 23. Associated with this mite were nematodes and a few thrips, the mites bein, more abundant and destructive
apparently than the other pests.
MAGTHOLIA SCALE (Teolecanium cornuparvuIm Thro)
New York. R. E. Horsey (February): A shrub of Magnolia liliflora at Rochester
that was frozen nearly to the ground in the cold winter of 1933-34 and
has thrown up numerous strong shoots to a height of about 4 feet was
found to have these shoots almost covered with the partly grown overwintering scale. Caps of the old, last-year's scale can be found in abundance at the base of this shrub.
A THRIPS (Taeniothrips xanthius Williams)
Maryland. E. N. Cory (February 2): This thrips, deter mined by J. R. Watson,
was found on orchids in greenhouse at Jessup, Anne Arundel County. (This
thrips has been reported by J. R. Watson on orchids in the West Indies.)
DIAMONDBACK MOTH (Plutella maculipennis Curt.)
Colorado. C. W. Wade (December 15): The diamondback moth was discovered on
stocks in a greenhouse at Denver on December 15. It ihad caused considerable loss to some of the growers. This is the first record of this
insect attacking stocks in this immediate locality.
INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND
DOMESTI C ANIMALS
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (February 23): Insects seen in flight this season;
some Culex sp. and Anopheles spp.in entrances to caves.
PUSS CAT-TPILAR (Mealopye e percularis S. & A.)
Alab~ama. J. M. Robinson (March 1): On October 29 a puss moth larva was sent
to this office from Headland. A woman had been to see the doctor as a
result of coming in contact with the poisonomebristles of this larva.
HOG LOUSE (Haematopirns suis L.)
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (February 23): Vfere care has not been taken hog
growers are having some trouble with this pest.
HOUSEHOLD AND STORED-PRODUCTS INSECTS
TM-1IT2S (Reticulitermes spp.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (February 23): Usually we have numerous letters about
termites during their swarming period, beginning in January and continuing for several months. This year we have received very few letters indicating swarming.
Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (February 16): Have received first shipment of
termites for 1937. They are on the wing in Kalamazoo. This is not to
be wondered at, as we have had a remarkably open winter.
Maryland. Z. N. Cory (January 21): Observed in the basement of a hQuse at
District of Columbia. F. C. Craighead (February 9): Owing to the unusually
warm weather that prevailed throughout January, winged termites swarmed
in several buildings in the vicinity of Washington, D. C., during the last few days of the month. This is about 4 weeks earlier than usual. Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (February 23): The termite problem seems to be a
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (March 1): Termites were swarming at Auburn on
February 20; also at Waverly.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 24): On October 20, a correspondent at Lake,
in central Mississipoi, reported that termites had destroyed his crop of
peanuts for the past 5 years. During the winter complaints were received
from Newton, McComb, New Albany, Satartia, Kosciusko, Cold"ater, Greenwood, Yazoo City, Cleveland, and Marks. State Plant Board inspectors
also received many complaints.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (February 23): Usual number of inquiries concerning
Texas. F. L. Thomas (January 8): Termites reported to be in a dwelling at
Sig Spring, in Howard County.
BOXELDER BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)
Maryland. E. N. Cory (January 26): Found in houses in Salisbury, Wicomico
County, and Brooklandville, Baltimore County.
G. Myers (February 26): The boxelder bug Ihas been observed crawling around in a house from time to time since Christmas, at Avery, in
Mo rntgomery County.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (March 1): Large ntnbers of boxelder bu"'s appeared
at one or two residences in Gadsden the last week of October end first
week of November. The county agent reported that the south sides of two or three houses were practically covered with these insects. Appatrently
they were congreatin; for hibernation. They were so abundant that they
were considered a serious pest by the occupants of thie residences.
Uta h. G. F. Knowlton (Februaryr 19): Bowelcer bugs have survived the winter
in larze numbers and are causing household annoyance in many home and
school buildings in northern Utah.
Maryland. 2. N.Cory (January 28): Red ants in the kitchen and flying pavement ants in the basement of a house at Baltimore.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (February 22): The yellow ant (Lasius intcrjeioctus Say)
is beginning to swarmi in boesoments and we are now rettins freqllent reports
of its presence. The swarms are often mistaken for termites.
RAISIN MOTE ( Lhestia fiul la Gre-.)
California. H. C. Donohoe (January 13): S m 1. of prunes were taken on
October 10 in Solano County, from fruit roxua over nih t from the during
yard and from fruit stored for about 3 wea'-3 in an cpen bin in a shed
adjoining th3 drying, yard. In a recent 5'9intio. 5.9 percot of the
boxed and 100 percent of the biinned fruit siow'"d feedin injr. Thee
are our first records from a ranch of infestation in prunes after dryinz.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
-a -iIllllllllll l lllll A INll~llllllll~llll
3 1262 09244 6946
FIG MOTH (Ehestia cautella Walk.)
North Carolina. W. D. Reed (January 5): Several moths were collected from a
light trap located in a tobacco warehouse in Wilson, which was filled
with flue-cured cigarette tobacco. This is the first record of this
species from a tobacco warehouse and inspections are being made to determine whether the insect is infesting the tobacco. (Det. by C. Heinrich. )
TISSUE PAPER BUG (T ylodrias contractus Mots.)
Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (January 15): Two reports of the tissue paper bug
(T. contractus),one coming from Chicago and the other from the nearby
town of Cicero. The pest was first reported, in Illinois, so far as the
correspondent knows, from Chicago in January 1933.
A 3BORR (Dinoderus minutus F.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (March 1): A local fruit market handed us some bamboo
baskets which were infested with a scolytid larva. These baskets were imported from Japan about a year ago and apparently the insects showed
up only recently. (Det. by W. S. Fisher.)
Mary-land. E. N. Cory (January): Kylotrupes baJulus L. was collected in
joists of a house, at Raspeburg, Baltimore, on January 22. Anacomis
lignea F, was collected in rafters in a basement in Baltimore on
WE-VILS (Bruchus spp.)
Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (February 23): The Bruchus sp. attacking the
garden-bean seed, soybeans, and cowpeas seems to be about the same as
usual, and we have had several requests for remedial measures.
F 0 R 2 EIGN N 0 TES
Brazil. G. N. Wolcott (January 19): Following an exceptionally long, hot,
and unbroken dry season from June to January the initial heavy r~in of
the wet season, which began on January 17, became a drizzle on the 18th, filling the air with termites, by the 19th brought an invasion of crickets, GrYllus assimilis F., to the most brilliantly lighted section
of Bolan (Para). Dozens.of these crickets flew into every room and as
mony flew round and round under every street light. Both males and females were present in about equal abundance, and a few were still
present 2 weeks later.
Egypt. A. H. Rosenfeld (January 31): A coccid new to 3gy-pt, Lecanium
acuminatum Sign., has become established in one of the country's
largest mango groves, of about 3,000 trees, in the Delta.