THE INSECT PEST SURVX"I i AT p T
A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.
May 1, 1932.
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
Digitized by the Internet Archive
I1T SECT P EST SURV VEY
Vol. 12 1 .:, 1, 1932 To. 3
::l- I;COC II PO." : ?.-'TCO~rS ?OR APRIL, 1932
Cll.?.tic conditions duarin- the month of April were favorable for
grasshoppers over the greater part of the heavily infested territory,.
Reports of the activity' of those unimportant species which overwinter
as nmmphs were cuite generally received from the entire Mississiopi
Valley. Up to the last wee: in the month no hatc.in., of Melanoplus or
Camnula was reported.
Cu-tworms. of several species were all',rinz in limited areas over
practically. the entire coutntr-. In the vcerlades district of Florida 100
acres of su arcane were strip ed and tobacco was also being cd_. n;ed in
.that State and in :Torth Carolina. Alfalfa wasbein seriously dared
over a large area in Est-Central -Tebraska by Exnoa messoria Harr. Here
the cutwormn was assimninT somewhat armuvworm-like habits owing; to its
By the third weekI in April practically all Hessian flies in the 11st
Central States hiad pupated; and during, the latter half of the month there
wn.s soc er.ergence in parts of this area. The extremely cold weather dur-
in'- the middle of 7,'rch was evidently very disastrous to the .:p. in the
eastern p.rt of this area, Ohio reportin ti'at the insect wa.s very diffi-
cult t+ find in most parts of thec State visited. In Illinois, Missouri,
and I'e='r?.c-', however, the insect -.-s still present in threatenin- n:.r bcrs.
In Illinois a:. r:i'?.tel, 90 por cent of the larvae and pupae have survived.
Z a: layini was well unacr wa-, in that section throughout the month, y7ung
larva;: havin; boon observed in 1'issouri by the 15th.
Scattcrc. ':-r' rat-er light flic-:ts of chinch bz-.s occurred during
the firste"- wo )f te :.-:-'th in illinois; anc -)resent indications are that
these insects will -be tr-ublesone in central Illinois and0 Missouri.
P.potion of the codlmin- mth started in the iliddle Atlantic, ast
Ce-ntral, i:nd Test Central States during the third week of April, at which
time pupation was about one-third completed in t'he Pacific :T:hrthiwcst.
Dulri:,F the third week of the month eo.er.e..ce bean in Georgia W&d south-
ern Missouri. In the Southwest emer7e-.ce was observed during: the first
week in the month, and moths were abu:".d.3nt in bait pans in :Te-, Mexico by
the 10th. In southern California e-Ts were observed during the third
week in the mrn):th.
r.uit aphids were reported as generally scarce throughout the New
.=larid States. A moderate abundance of these insects w.s reported from
the middle e Atlantic States, and but sliqzht abundance in the South Atlantic
States. In The East Central States those insects were moderately abundant,
and appeared to be decreasing in Illinois and Missouri.
Fggs of the oriental fruit moth were observed, in northelstcrn Georia
onr April 18, by which time over 70 per cent of the overwinterin. larvae
ihad pupated and about a third had emer:oc' as adults. The first emiergence
in Virginia was observed on April 14 and the first c.-rs were found in
that State on the 22d. By the third week: in April ip:ption was practi-
cally completed in Delaware. No pup':tion hd taker, place by this time,
however, in western Nev.; York.
The plum curculio was first collected in the field in Tennessee on
April 4, In Georgia on April 5, in Virginia on April 6, and in Delaware
on April 20. This is the latest appearance of adults in the past 12 years
The vegetable weevil is spreading gradually in the Gulf section.
During late March and early April it wss found in 2 counties in the south-
eastern corner of Arkansas, in 18 additional parishes in Louisian:a, a..nd
in 1 additional county in Texas.
The Colorado potato beetle was reported i.n u-:prsce.-2ented numbers
from the Gulf coast of Alabama and Mississippi.
Ove-rinterig.- adults of the .exican be"?. beetle seem to have passed
the winter exceptionally well as far north as Con._eccticut, and adults
were cMcrrin- from hibernation quarters during the third week in April
in outdoor cges in Delaware.
GRA STOPPERS (Acridi dae)
Mi ssi ssi--pi
C. L. Fluke (April 25): E-s of Camnula nellucida Scudd.,
are very numerous.
H. C. Severin (April 20): Egs are very abundant in gen-
eral over South Dakota; not hatched as yet.
M. H. Swenk (March 20 to April 20): Additional reports of
an abundance of grasshopper nymphs in the fields continued
to come from northern Nebraska during late March and early
April. The green-striped grassho-o-ner (Chorto-haga virdifas-
ciata DeG.) continued to be the principal s-oecies involved.,
Melanoplus e :s gathered from the fields of Knox and Boyd
Counties on April 7 and 8 and placed under constant warm
temperatures started to hatch on April 18.
C. Benton (March): Grassho-onpers, mostly nymphs in various
instars, were observed daily in wheat fields near Fayette-
ville even during; a cold spell. Adults of the bird grass-
hopper (Schistocerca americana Drury) were observed in con-
siderable numbers in a wheat field near Howell, Lincoln Coun-
ty,on 'larch 29. :
L. Haseman (Anril 25): Eggs of the differential grassho-D-er,
M. differentialis Thos., two-striped grasshopper, M. bivitta-
tus Say, and red-lee !ed grasshopper, V. fcmur-rubrum-n DeG.
wintered well in western Missoiuri, but not so well in the
central -oart of the, State. Adult of C_, virdifasciata was
taken on April 23 at Columbia. Adults of S. anmcricni were
very common at Columbia April 22, probably mi-r.-nts.
J. M. Robinson (April 20): Grasshoppers are very abundant
at Brewton and Georgiana, they are eatinge: seeds off straw-
berri.es and causing the berries to shrivel, causing $500
da-nrge per day.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): With the exception of some
injury to strawberry plants by C. virdifasciata, grasshoppers
have been attracting but little attention throughout the
State during the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
R. R. Rerrert (April 4): Conditions in parts of Texas
have been f7av*.rable to successful overwinter/oT'grsshoppers.
Damage may be ex ected, -ossibly somew!.at heavier than last
season. Observations by this institution and by E. V. Walter
of the U. S. D. A. indicate that foci are in Presidio, El
Paso, Pecos, Uvalde, Medina, Tarrant, end X:iufman Counties.
A. G. Sterhens (April 18): Grasshoprors are moderately
abujndant over the northeastern section of the State.
G. M. List (April 20): Grasshoppers are very abunzdant in
parts of eastern Colorado.
G. F. Knowlton and M. J. Janes (April 19): F3gs have not
commenced hatching in northern Ut-'h. An examination of the
egg-laying grounds in the foothills west of Trenton showed
mortalities varying from 30 to 100 per cent, with a survival
of 70 per cent in the most favorable area. Beetle larvae
were feeding upon most of the egt" masses that vrero in good
J. R. icr (April 20): Nymphs and eggs of M. differentialis
are very abundant.
MORF'ON CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)
J. H. Pepper (April 21): Eggs of the Mormon cricket are
hatching in very large nunbers at Big Horn.
CUT ORMS (Noctuidae)
Flo ri da
Z. P. Metcalf (April 22): Cutworms are more abundant in
tobacco in the eastern half of the State than they have been
for severr-l years.
W. H. Clarke (April 20): Cutworms are moderately abundant
J. R. Watson (April 23): According to Prof. R. N. Lobdell
of the Evergltdes Exoeriment Station, cutworms entirely
stri-o-nei 100 acres of suarcane in the Everglades and did
much damage to other fields.
F. S. Chamberlin (April 12): Cutworms are quite abundant
in newly set tobacco in Gadsdon Count:.
D. Isely (April 23): Cutworms are scarce in Washington
County; lowest injury for several years.
H. C. Severin (April 20): Little damage has been reported
as yet, but cutworms are fairly abuzid-nt.
M. H. Swen'- (March 20 to April 20): From April 9 to 20
many farmers in a large area in east-central Nebraska reported
that serious danace was beinr done to alfalfa by the dark-
sided cutworm (E'xon mcssnria Harr.) working on the crowns
of the plants, cutting off the young green shoots as fast as
they started. The older alfalfa fields were first affected,
the cutworms later moving into newer fields. Alfalfa was the
chief crop attacked, but the cutworms were also working free-
ly on sweet clover, :.nd in Platte County were injuring wheat
and rye, while in Hamilton County they moved into barley
fields after strip-oping the alfalfa plants.' Lettuce and other
garden truck were also destroyed in some -olaces. The area in-
fested, as so far reported, extends across the State from
Knox, Antelope, and Pierce Counties on the north to Webster
and Thayer Counties in the South. Those cutworms that hatched
last fall or very early this spring have already made consid-
erable growth. The recently hatched ones are still very small.
These cutworms are active in the day time in some localities
where they are especially abundant, and have been reported
repeatedly as migrating in large numbers from field to field,
sometimes across roads, but not in the large solid masses of
worms, as in the true armyworm. According to our previous
notes on this species, these cutworms will not stop feeding
and enter the soil for pupating until well into May, and it
will probably be the end of June or in July before all have
done this. This means a long period for the cutworms to
work on the corn; and if -arasites do not destroy this abund-
ance of cutworms within the next few weeks, there will be
considerable danger to the corn from this outbreak.
L. Haseman (April 25): April 24 moths of greasy cutvorms,
Aarotis ypsilon Rott., on wing. Cutworms abundant at Columbia.
H. R. Bryson (April 22): Cutworms are moderately abundant
on alfalfa, garden crops, and strawberries. Reports of dam-
age have been received from scattered localities in central
C. Lyle and assistants (April): The usual reports of cut-
worm damage, particularly to garden truck, were received dur-
ing the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
C. F. Stiles (April 21): Cutworms are being reported in
fairly large numbers from practically all parts of the State.
Some alfalfa fields are infested with the variegated cutworm
(Lycophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.) and the pale western
cutworm (Porosagrotis orthogonia Morr.) in Texas County.
J. H. Pepper (April 21): The army cutworm (Chorizagrotis
auxiliaris Grote) has been recorded in outbreak numbers. The
damage is not general, but has been recorded in scattered
fields throughout Missoula,Fergus, Yellowstone, and Powder
G. F. Knowlton (April 24): Cutworms are reported seriously
retarding the growth of alfalfa in parts of Millard County.
G. G. Schweis (April 20): Cutworms are very abundant and
doing considerable damage to alfalfa at Fallon and Reno.
J. R. Eyer (April 20): L. margaritosa saucia is very abund-
ant all over the State.
ARMrOR0 (Cirphis uni-runcta Haw.)
J. R. Eyer (April 20): This insect is very abundant all
over the State.
SALT-MARSH CATERPILLAR (Estignene acraea Drury)
J. R. Watson (April 22): This insect has been very ab-nd-
ant on a large variety of weeds; and F. W. Walker reports
that it has destroyed, or badly dam-naged, a great many fields
of watermelons and corn in northern Florida, all the way from
Gainesville to Monticello and as far west as Crawfordville in
!VU;axlla igunty. I never saw this est so abundant before.
Hasun ubtedly done dam-nage to the extent of many thousands
WHITE GRUBS (Phylloohaga spp.)
Mi ssi ssippi
J. B. Gill (April 25): Reports of damage by May beetles to
pecan buds and foliare are being received from scattered lo-
calities throughout the State.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): May beetles started to ap-
pear by the middle of the month and were reported from several
sections damagin- the foliage of pecans. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
C. L. Fluke (April 25): Beetles of brood A of white grubs
are moderately abundant in central and northern Wisconsin.
K. L. Coci-erha-. (April 6): On April 5, adult click beetles
(Heteroderes la".'rntii Guer.) were taken from field hibernat-
ing cares at Foley and it was found that about one-third have
successfully inassed the winter as adults. This is the high-
est percentage to come through the winter in hibernation
c. ,s that we have .yet found during several years' investiga-
tion. A very interesting thing with this species was that
on April 5 and 6, when larvae were removed from hibernating
ca,-es, 13 per cent were found to have already pupated. At
the sam-e time, di,-.ings and soil siftints showed the presence
of pupae in the fields. This is about three weeks to one
month earlier than the first pupation of previous springs.
K. L. Cock'crham (April 12): On April 12 the first newly
emerged adult of H. laurentii was found in the field at
Biloxi and on this date the first adult emerged in the lab-
oratory. This emergence is three weeks to a month earlier
than us:ial. On the same date larvae were found attacking
young corn very freely.
G. F. Knowltnn (April 18): Wireworms are reported in
F. H. 7?y7nore (March 29):,' Wireworms are moderately abundant
*at Chico and are seriously damagin- potatoes.
A. E. Michelbacher (April 19): Wireworms (Anchastus cinerei-
pennis Esch.) are doing some da-nge near Rio Vista. In some
sugar-beet fields they have reduced the crop about 5 per cent.
The larvae are quite numerous, but are not. doing so much dam-
age this year as last. In a portion of one field 300 larvae
were gathered in 57 minutes on the 25th of March. The larvae
were easily spotted by examining the soil around the wilted
young seedling beets.
RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)
'7. A. Thomas (April 11): Red* spiders are doing considerable
damage to strawberries in the Chadbourn area. They are caus-
ing some of the bearing plants to die and seriously we-J:enini
C. Lyle and assistants (April): Rather heavy infestations
of red spiders on evergreens and other ornamentals have been
reported from a number of places in the State. These infesta-
tions seem to be associated with continued dry weather. (Ab-
E. J. Newcomer (March 30): Hibernating mites are numerous
in orchards at Yakima that were badly infested last year. Of
1,140 mites found under bark just below the ground, 475, or
42 per cent, were dead. Only about 2 per cent of the mites
hibernating in codling moth bands above the snow line sur-
CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS
HESSIAN FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)
T. H. Parks (April 27): An examination of puparia taken
April 11 from an early-sowv wheat field in Pickaway County
showed heavy parasitism. A very few eggs were present then.
An examination of wheat -olsnts taken April 23 from the same
field showed very few eg.s present and no flaxseeds were lo-
cated. An examination of a Franklin County field on April
25 showed no eggs present. This field was sown early last
fall and 42 per cent of the plants were infested in November.
Hessian fly is apparently not making any headway in central
Ohio and egrs are difficult to find.
i:1 o3so Uri
C. M. Packard (March): Considerable pupatlon took place in
early and late March at Lafayette. High mortality of the early
March pup ae occurred owing to cold weather March 7-24. No
emergence of adults.
J. H. Bigger (April): Examinations on April 19 indicated 90
per cent survival in Tvest-central Illinois. Approximately
75-80 per cent pupation has occurred at this time. Some emcr-x
ence has taken place. Eggs are moderately abundant.
C. Benton (March): Pupation increased gradually at Payette-
ville until by March 26 about half the nuparia contained pu-
pae. There was slight emergence of adults and oviposition
on March 1-5 and 24-30. First small larvae were found March
20. A few half-grovn larvae were present March 25-30.
L. Haseman (April 25): The Hessian fly situation is serious.
Adults were observed ovipositing in Sedalia April 16. Some
young larvae observed in leaf sheaths at Columnbia. Practical-
ly all flaxseeds contained pupae April 1.
M. H. Swenk (March 20 to April 20): During the period here
covered additional instances of heavy infestation of winter
wheat fields came to our attention, all of them, however,
within the area of infestation outlined in my report for the las
issue of the Insect Pest Survey Bulletin.
CHIN;CH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)
W. P. Flint (April): There have been scattered and rather
light flights of chinch bugs on several of the warm days this
spring, although there are still mnny bugs in hibernation. A
light Ilight occurred on April 2, which was probably the
first one this year.
J. H. Bigcr (March 26): All central counties expect severe
damage from chinch bugs in 1932. Some damage is likely to
occur in all counties from a line extending from Rock Island
to Kank-akee on the north to Murnhysboro and Carbondale on the
south. (April): The chinch bug is very abundant. A flight
occurred April 4.
L. Haseman (April 25):
ing in central Missouri.
The chinch bug situation is threaten-
Bugs were leavini- winter quarters
H. R. Bryson (April 22): Chinch bugs are scarce at M-nhattan.
Kan sa s
A GRAIIT' MIT; (Eriophyes tenuis Nal.)
H. C*. Severin ("arch 14): This mite (2. tenuis) entirely
destroyed so-ne small grain in the agronomy greenhouse at
Brookinjs. Grains were gro'n for crossing '-a roses. It is a
cotrrnon mite in 23uroe, where it works on grains.
COE? alR '70RQ' (Heliothis obsolcta Fab.)
H. T. Fernald (April'5): Some cornfields in Brcvard County
have been almost ruined by boring of the corn car- worm in the
ste-ns from a foot to a foot end a half high. About 90 per cent
of the corn w.s ruined in one f field. Ca.terpillars are about
ALFALAFA 7---VIL (Hy =r- Dostica Gyll.)
G. F. Knowlton (April 18: A fe'r weevils -xe out in northern
a. G. Sch:eis (A2ril 20): Alfalfa weevils are moder-tely
abundant at Rono. The nznbcr of eggs deposited is greater
th-ian last year.
CLOV7R LlAF 7-MVIL (Hypera niunctata Fab.)
H. P. Bryson (Aoril 22): The clover leaf weevil was reported
injuring. alfalfa at lola March 26. Dr. 2. G. Kelly reported
larvae plentiful in alfalfa at Kingman March 31.
H. 3. Jaques (April 26): The clover leaf weevil is very
abL-idaont in Henry Count-,.
SUGC.-- BORP, (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
-7. 2. Hinds (Anril 27): The first generationn was retarded in
its development by the very unus-ial freezes of larch 9-15. Hi-
bern.ting stages of larvae and nuzoac wore not dillod; and emer-
gence of moths and first generation renroduction was again well
under wny by- the last of March. gj--'s had been found more abund-
ant at Baton suuge by the middle of April thAn they -ere at the
beginning of the second gencration in 1931.
CKt-V3R B3TL3S (Sc-arabaci dae)
7. 3. Hinds (Anril 27): Euetheolb rugice-o Lcc., Ligyrus
gb*st" sDQ., and Iyscinetus trachyiyr,-a Bur-r. are very abund-
ant in many localities. Ponulp'tiozs of from 2,000 to 5,000
adults zer: found during 'larch fnd Aoril in some fields; and in-
juries to stan-ds of nlantcd and stubble cane and to early-plant-
ed corn are serious. L. gibbosus began lyi.-i; eggs about
April 10 to 15.- -, .
TRUI T INSECTS
CnDLING MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)
Mi s souri
L. A. Stearns (April 21): The first pupation of over-
wintered larvae was on April 21.
C. H. Alden (April 18): The codling moth was reported
at Cornelia. 125 moths were caught in 15 bait traps on
April 19. No egg deposition has been observed to/date.
T. H. Parks (April 27): Codling moth is moderately
abundant in most orchards with a few orchards having very
heavy infestations. Collections of overwintering larvae
showed that less than 2 per cent of the worms had pupated
April 15. Packing houses contain fewer larvae than last
J. J. Davis (April 26): The codling moth has wintered
over in rather large numbers; and we can anticipate an
abundance of apple worms this season. At Bedford 3 per
cent had pupated April 23 while 9 per cent had pupated at
L. Haseman (April 25): The first codling moths were seen
in southeastern Missouri April 19. About 20 per cent of
the larvae pupated at Columbia April 19; about 10 per cent
pupated at Aurora in southwest Missouri April 20. The
situation is threatening.
D. B. Thelan (March 20 to April 20): Overwintered larvae
first pupated on April 18.
5. F. Kr.nowlton (April 18): Codling moth survival is
rather low in the Lo.an area, as indicated by counts made
up to date. It is still in cocoons in northern Utah.
J. R. Eyer (April 20): Alults commenced emerging April
1 at State College. It was abundant at bait pans the week
of April 10.
E. J. Ne.vcomcr (March 30): Examination of 5,692 larvae
collected during March from burlap bands that -ere above the
snow line during; the winter showed only 39 dead, or 0.7 per
cent. Minimum temperature during the -inter was -3 F.,
and there were practically no large fluctuations in tempera-
turc. Puuation was just beginning March 25. Since infesta-
tion -.7as greater last fall thsn it has ever been, there will
be a big infestation this year unless unfavorable weather
during Mny and June prevents normal oviposition. (April 22):
Of 500 larvae examined, 23 per cent had pupated.
Mi ssi ssippi
A. E. Michelbacher (April 19): While no codling moths
have been observed, they have been emerging for some time
in the area around Clarksburg.
R. Bogue (April 22): The eggs of the codling moth are
being found in Orange and Los Aa.eles Counties and are very
early this year, and considerably earlier than last ycqr.
EASTEN TEXT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)
N. Y. State Coll. Agr., -Weekly News Letter (April 25):
Tent caterpillars began hatching on April 20 in Ulster
J. N. Knull (April 22): The first eggs hatched on April
22 in Horse Valley, Franklin County.
L. A. Stearns (April 21): The first hatching at Newark
was observed April 18.
W. J. Schoene (April 23): Caterpillars were first observed
hatching on April 4. This pest was very numerous in the
central part of the State last year.
W. F. Turner (April 9): Numerous tents were observed in
Upson and Meriwether Counties on April 6. These were mostly
in wild cherry and would average about 6 inches across.
C. Lyle (April 22): Colonies were observed in crabapple
trcus at Ellisville, Jones County, on April 4. These insects
were reported as defoliating wild cherry trees near Leaf,
Green County, a few days later.
EYE-SPOTTED BUDMOTH (Smilonota ocellana Schiff.)
N. Y. State Coll. -Agr., Weekly News Letter (.pril 25):
Larvae were observed April 21 in Dutchess County, and April
22 in Ulster County.
A CASE 3ARSR (Coleophora sp.)
N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly Tews Letter (April 25):
Case bearers began to be active Aoril 21 in Ulster County.
FRUIT TREE LEA ROLLER (Cacoecia argyrospila Walk.)
G. M. List (April 20): Fruit-tree leaf rollers are from
scarce to moderately abundant in Delta and MIontezuma Counties.
APHIDS (Aphii dae)
H. L. Bailey (April): Fruit aphids are scarce in Montpelier.
A. I. Bourne (April 25): Apple plant lice were hatching on
Apri17? Pji. out in numbers by the 20th. *At that time most
of the fruit buds were in the silver stage, only the most
advanced showing any evidence of color.
M. P. Zappe (April 22): Aphi pomi DeG. has hatched but
is very scarce and hard to find.
C. R. Crosby (April 25): Fruit aphids are just beginning
IT. Y. State Coll. A-r., Weekly ITews Letter (April): By
the middle of the month apple aphids were becoming numerous
in the eastern part of the Stqte. Though less abur.dapnt than
the apple grain anhid (Rh oalosi1Thum nrunifoliae Fitch) the
rosy apple aphid (An'-raghis roseus Baker) was being reported
during the first half of the month in the eastern half of the
State and was increasing rapidly by the middle of the month
in both the eastern and western fruit areas. The apple grain
aphid was observed in the lower Hudson River Valley during
the first week in Arril. By the second week in the month
hatching was quite -eneral throu-.hout the entire Hudson River
Valley and by the third week in the month, it was being quite
encrally reported throughout the western part of the Strte.
J. R. Stear (April 21): Apple aphids have been hatching
since April 5. !:_ny were killed by the cold weather during
T. L. Guyton (April 21): The grain and the rosy aphids
are moderately abuMnd_3nt.
L. A. Sterr.s (April 21): Fruit -,ohids are moderately
abundant throughout the State.
W. J. Schocne (April 23): Rosy aphid e-->s were observed
hatcliin. in Auusctn County on April 4. They seem to be
present in very small numbers. They were reported present
in the northern part of the State around April 15, but are
not sufficiently numerous to be injurious. The present indi-
cations are that no injury will result from apple aphids this
T. H. Parks (April 27): The apple jrrin aphid, R. ru-ni-
folipe, is moderately b.bundnt.
J. J. D'.his (April 25): Apple aphids were v-:ry :bundint
when the trees were in the -recn bud stnge but th-y save been
*:rid.i-illy decrcnsin" in numbers and at present .2re very scarce.
7. P. Flint (April): Aohids were quite abur.d:'nt on e.xple
buds at the .time of the tip-green stase. The species found
were practically all crnln aphids. The nu-.bersof -ilhids have
been decreorsir..-:; steadily during the rinst fe- .ecl:s.
bu I, Mcpriel (April 25): A. pomi is bundm-nt on apple
buds at nciv'.ille. -
C L. G'luke (.April 25): Oat ephids are very abundant;
hatched extremely numerous.
MisSouri I L. Hiseman (4pril 25): Various scpcies, including the
apple rain aphid and the woolly ap'id (ricsomrna 1ni.-cnnL
Hausm.), have been attracting some attention but are not so
: 'abundant as usual. Thus far the rosy apple aphid has at-
tracted no attention in Missouri.
G. G. Schweis (April 20): Fruit aphids are moderately
abundant at Reno. Damage to pluim and peach.
G. F. Knowlton (April 18): Fruit aphids are hatching in
E. 0. Essig (April 23): The apple grain aphid is very
abundant on oats in the Sar- Francisco Bay district.
SAN JOSE SCALE (.,spidiotus perniciosus Comst.)
A. I. Bourne (April 25): We have had some reports of the
appearance of the San Jose scale in occasional orchards over
the State. The scale has apparently built up gradually in
those orchards which have been favored by freedom from Euro-
pean red mite infestation, and consequently the growers in
those orchards neglected to make any dormant applications.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., TTee
most growers are applying special treatments for its control.
It was also reported as very abundant in Orange, Erie,
Ontario, and Yates Counties. (Abstract, J...H.)
C. R. Crosby (Aoril 25): Th'e San Jose scale is much more
abundant than in several years.
P. J. Parrott Aprill) : The San Jose scale is very abun-
dant in western New York.
T. L. Guyvton (April 21): The San Jose scale is very abun-
dant. About 10 per cent living scale on- trees in Franl-din
County in unspr'y-.ed orchards.
J. R. Stear (April 21): The San Jose scale has had a
heavy mortality in at least one apple orchard in Ligonier.
Counts of 3,863 sc4les made February 11 showed 42 per cent
dead. Of 531 scales examined Aipril 8, 88 per cent were dead.
This is probably due to sub-zero weather for a few days in
L. A. Stearns (April 21): The San Jose Scale is more abun-
dant than it has been for some years.
0. I. Snapp (April 20): Infestation on peach trees at
Fort Valley is heavier than it has been for many years.
C. H. Alden (April 18): The San Jose scale is moderately
abundant at Cornelia.
J. R. ?-atson (April 23): The San Jose scale is moderately
J. J. Davis (April 26): San Jose scale wintered with little
mortality. Very likely there will be a serious infestation in
E. L. Ch:-mbers (0.Irch 30): The Stn Jose scale is still re-
stricted to a number of southern 'isconsin counties, and it
has been discovered in two large villages near lPrge nurseries
and an active spr-ry campaign is in progress at each of these
places involving the sprsaying of all infested trees and shrubs
on more th?.n 600 properties under State supervision.
L. Hasecman (April 25): The situation is serious in the
southern pn.rt of the Stcte although dormant spray is generally
being used this rc-r. The scale is less serious in the Mrthern
part of the State. There vps a 43 per cent winter mortality at
Colu.b i a.
J. M. Robinson (April 20): The San Jose scale is moderately
abundant at Auburn.
E. J. Newcomer (March 30): Exmr2inotion of 2300 hibernating
scales in March showed 615, or 26.8 per cent, dead.
C. Wakeland (April 19): The San Jose scale is very abundnynt
at Lewiston. Out of 10,000 scales examined 37 per cent are
P. German (April 22): Eggs of TyrIhlocyba pom2.ria McA. are
abuindint on twigs in many orchards in iTew Haven County.
S. 17. Frost (Anril,5):Leaflop?rs are especially 7.bundant
this spring in AT.?s County. The species that are most evident
are rrythroneura obliqua Say, E_. dOnrsalis Gill., and E. hartii
Gill. The combined w;'orkc of these three is causing a great
.eal of injur:.,' to anr.le foliage.
TAiNISHED PLA1jT BUG (Lygs pratensis L.)
N. Y. State Coll. Agr., 7ee klJ I-,.'s Letter (April 25):
Tarnished plant bugs observed April 18-in Dutchess County.
J. J, Davis (April 26): Apple leafhoppers were abundant
early in April, but have not shown the increase anticipated.
J. H. Pi zcr (April 8): The tarnished plant bug has been seen
feeding on apple buds in Pike County.
L. Haseman (April 25): Overwintering adults of different
species were observed moving to pple foliage April 19.
G. F. Knowlton (,March 25): Tprnished plant bui-s are now
active on warm days. A number of adults have been taken
under the rough bark of apple trees, during exprnination of
overwintering codlir.._: moth lU.rva.e. (April 13): Adults are
abundant upon wheat at Collr -tonat the present time. No
nymphs have been observed up to this time.
E. J. Newcomer' ((March 30): Of 700 bugs hibernating under
leaves in an outdoor cage, only 26, or 3.7 per cent, survived.
These were covered with snow most of the winter and the tem-
perature under the snow did not get below 32 F. A year ago
the survival under similar conditions was 12.5 per cent. Bugs
have been plentiful in cover crops during March, but little
damage to fruit buds has occurred.
SHOT-HOLS BORR (Scolytus ruglosus Ratz.)
J. Milton' (April 20): The shot-hole borer was found
,to be infesting apple trees near Corinth in the early part of
Aoril. These trees had been weaken.ed by the presence of the
San Jose scale.
APPLE FLA WEEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)
T. H. Prrks (April 27): The apple flea weevil is very
abundant and doing serious injury in rn orchard in Jackson
County. This county >vrs not suffered from this insect in
ETJROPAIRT EDI MITB (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)
C. R. Phipps (April 25): Zuropesn re. mite eggs were re-
ported in .-ur:.nce in certain Oxford County orchards.
A. I. Bourne (April 25): From all appearances fro orchards
over the Stete, the European red mite seems to be as abundant
M. P. Zappe (April 22): Some orchards have as many as
usual, while in other orchards eggs are very scarce. The
general average is probably less than in other years.
CLIBING C'JI_-"O' (L_-jrra barnesi Benjaman)
:. J. ::ev-coner (April): Tie climbing cutworm was first
noted cli-moinr each trees a:d injuring fruit buds on April
10 in Yaldm. On April 22 -nny Lrvae are pupating.
L3SSR FPACH 30?:= (Aegeria Lpictines G. & R.)
Vi r -i ni a
isc or. sin
0. I. Snan- (April 16): Z;:s under field conditions are
now hatching at Fort Valley. Sai'e larvae in trees are now
one wee>' old. Infestation is hcevy in old neglected reach
W. H. Clalf-e (April 4): Field collections at Thomaston*
showed a number of nunae ".arch 29. Ain adult male em-nerged
from field. collections placed in the insectary Anril 4, the
first adult to e-rerge in the insectary.
ORI:IT.L FRTUIT Y0TH (GrPrholitha mrnolcsta 3usck)
L. A. Stearns (April 21): 2Eiity per cent nup,"tion of over-
winterin; larvae by Anril 10. :-inety--one nor cent pupstion
of overwintering: larvae by A-oril 21.
J. J. Schoene (April 23): Adults besn z-ergin. at Blacks-
burg on April 14, and the first eggs were obtained April, 22.
Mths wcre obtained in bait pnails at Bo07,sac'< on April 14.
T. H. Clbrl-o (April 18): The first e-is were laid in the
insectar-' Et Tho-aston april 14. (ver 73 per cent of
the overvintcrin": material hod pupated throud-i today April 18
and over 35 per cent of the over intering r.teriel had emerged
as adults tliroWu-h today. No c-,s have bec- found in field
C. H. Ald.cn (.aDril 18): A few mnoths are tcin;_ caught in
bait tr:-"*?; no c,_ deposition.
0. I. Snann (April 20): No first-goncratiin larvae have
been found in Fort Valley in the field to date.
J. J. Davis (April 26): The oriental fruit worm apparent-
ly hibcrnated with a very low mortality; and w. may anticipc-te
a noticctble increase this spring. HoWever, t'\c peach crop
will be very li;ht, but probably there will be enough fruit
to carry over the insect in large numbers. 1o 'Ioths had .
ener-cd at Bedford by April 23.
C. L. Fluke (April 25),: The oriental fruit moth is very
abundant; -iorc live worms ovcrv.'intcrcd .than usual.
Cali. fo rnia
H. G. Butler (April 12): A sin;l-e orients1 fruit -noth, the
first, emerged fro" the insectary stock at Harriman today.
Biurca of 1t^vnolo-y I:e:s Letter, No. 214 (Februar:.): It v:as
found th.t an aver:,--c of 1 larva could be found. on each each
mu-nny. This winter similar exa-nin-tions have bcon nrde * *
and it hz-s been found th.t !hirvoc are -oracticrlly absent from
peach mfrm".ies. It is thought that rnossibly the lonc-continued
,ar-*. Weather last fall permitted the in-ature lrvae to co'T-
plete their feeding and move to better hibernation o:tcrs.
P2\CH T17IG BOR=R (narsia lineatell a Zell.)
F. H. Jylore (March 29): The peach tvii borer is beginning
to feed on the ner' shoots of peach, .Tlmond, etc., in the
Sac r iento Valley.
PLUT CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuo-.-r Hbst.)
L. A. Stearns (Aoril 21): The first curculio emerged from
hibernation on April 20.
7. J. Schoene (April 23): Tvo adults were tz2ken on April
6 near Grecn.Tood, but subseauent jarring in that section and
in .Augusta Count- failed to sho" the -nresence of the plum
curculio during the next ten da-rs. Adults were taken in the
Roanoke district on April 21; and were found in Blncksburg on
0. I. Snarop (April 5): The first adult of the season vas
captured tod-y after jarring many -oeach trees adjo ining Yood-
lands at Fort Valley. Less than 5 oper cent of the buds have
opened on the first-blooming variety of peach. The other
varieties are still dormant. The curculios begin to aOpear
from hibernation ;,hen the first buds ocn. They are very
late leaving: hibernation this year. Likewise the peach trees
are blooming much l.-ter than usual. This is the latest ap-
pearance of adults front hibernation in 12 years of records,
and ordinarily '.e gould predict only one generation ; hoe;.ever,
since the each trcs "re correspondingly late bloor'iing this
Yrcar, we have no certain basis for a prediction as to the
number of broods of larvae to expect. (April 7): Adults are
beginning to leave hibernation in numbers. As m-nany as 10
were captured from a single tree in the first row of a peach
orchard adjoining: woodland. They have not yet passed the
second rov of those orchards which are -oartly in bloom. Some
orchards are still dor-iant and in these the adults have not
yet ap-ocneared. (Anril 20): The aorc-arance of adults from hi-
bernation has been light to date, and indications -ooint to a
light source of infestation for the 1932 season. Although
some varieties of peaches are in full bloom and the weather
sufficiently warm to cause c-icrgcnce from hibernation, very
few adults have been captured in most of the orchards. A light
source of infestation has been anticipated on account of the
li*ht infestation in 1931 and the probability of -.ortality
from weather conditions during : the hibernation season. (April
25): A larva about three days old was found in a small green
peach toda.. A number of eggs were also found in little
peaches. Evidently so-e ovieosition has tak-en nlace during
the last 10 days or 2 weeks.
C. H. Alden (April 18): The plum curculio is scarce at Cor-
nelia. First adults were caught on jarring frames Arril 9.
7. H. Clarke (April 18): The first curculios of the season
were cau-ht by jarring this morning April 4; two speci-nons
were submitted by a Thomnaston grower "'ho estimated that 200
trees were jarred. Exoeri-nental jarring this morning, April 5,
showed only 6 curculios caught in three hours of jarring.
The first spring em-iergence of overwintering curculios is 19
days later t'.-n in 1930 and 11 days later than in 1931.
Jarring records shov a steady increase in numbers of beetles
emerging. Fcedin' injury has been found in the orchards,
but no eggs have been found. Matinr, has been observed in in-
sectary cages every day since April 8.
Tennessee H. G. Butler (April 4): The first plum curculios to emerge
fro hibernation at Harriman were t-ccn today, Aoril 4.
Missouri L. Hasc-nan (April 25): Adults of the plui curculio were
taken on apple tree trunks April 23 at Columbia. Early plums
are not yet in shuck-split stage, April 25.
ACCURCULIO (Co notr.?chelus -aglypticus Say)
Georgia 0. I. Snaop (April 25): The first adudt of the season was
taken fro- a -reach tree today at Fort Valley. This species
will breed in teac'.-. fruit.
SPOTTED CUCU:C3-- BESTLL (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)
Delaware L. A. Stearns (April 21): Jarred from peach trees at Bridge-
ville and Ca-dc-in April 19.
Georgia a. H. Clrr'-e (April 18): Large numbers have been caught in
jarrin:-; cach trees for curculio at Tho-aston. Feeding injury
has been noticed on blossoms and leaves, and fccdi.i has been
obSe-rve_ Varieties that did not have a full crop of ncachcs
hpve suffered a decrease in fruits throu }h injury done by
this insect. (April 20): Hundred5 of spotted cucumber beetles
were caught inj-'rring peaches in middle Georgia.
FULL:v3"S "OS T B-L= (Asymon-ycus n 9-ffii Crotch)
7. H. Clarke (April 18): The nu1h ocr of these beetles
caught in jarring peach trees at Thoraston has rapidly do-
creased since the freezi-'-;- Y-eather of the middle of March.
Only two we're caiuht on the 16th.
S::.Cy TRE CRICKET (0ecanthus niveus DeG.)
W. H. Clafre (April 18): Peach twigs collected from re-
plcnts and 2-year-old trees on M&arch 11 at' Thlo-aston shoved
a f'e" e"" i-..bedded in the pith.
BLACK PACH APHID ( .-ahis -crsicace-nier S-iith)
T. J. Headlee (Aoril 4): The only stri.inF thing has been
the ,rcsence of the black -each aphid on peach trees through-
out the latter -nrt o0-' vintcr.
THRIPS (Frrnkliniella sp-op.)
S. Loc lood (April 20): Fro-' examinations 0ade and re-
ots rcc'-i this office, it vould se'-i that Frankliniella
spp. have been res-onsible for -ore than nor-nl d';agc to
peaches -:d nectarines in both the Sa-n Joaquin and Sacra.ento
Vall ey s.
F2AR PSYLLA (Psyllla .yrico! Foerst.)
Mas sachusett s
A. I. Bourne (A-oril 25): 7Je noted the first case of pear
psylla in the college orchard here on April 20. The cold,
VWindy r':e-thcr was cnusin.- th2 ndult psyllas to be very in-
active on the trees.
YT. Y. State Coll. of r., .Tee"ly Nee',s Letter (Arril):
Psyllas were e-er;ing in fair numbers on the first of the
month in the extreme southern part of the State and egg
layin; ';ras observed as early as April 2 in Dutchess County.
Un to the third v'eek in the -onth but little egg laying had
taken -3lace althou-h adult flies were quite numerous at that
ti-e. ((Abstract, J.A.H.)
PZ.-'R T'T-.IS (Tao.uniothrxps inc-nsequens Uzel)
Cali fo rnia
IT. Y. Strte Coll. -f r A *r., Teck7ly :c,-s Letter (.ApDril): Dur-
in- the third v'eel- i. A-ril rear thrins bea;an to appear in
thec lower HuTds'n Riv',r Vallc-:. 17o swar-'in,, however, has been
noted un to A-ril 25. (Abstract, J.A. H.)
S. Loc.-.ood. 1A.-ril 20): The near thrips has been decidedly
7ore nu-icrous this Fprin,- thszi last year in the Sacra'ento
Delta ar.. in the Ma-& a Vall of Solano County.
CALIT-0RIA PEA_ -,.I'FLY (Dinhadr.us calif-irnicus Marlatt)
F. H. 7y-y.rc ( ar'-h 29): The California near sc'-.fl.y is
rather abundant in several oear orch]ards in the vicinity of
Vacavillc and Davis.
BLACX ", RRY APHID ('^"zus corn.si Fab.)
N. Y. State Coll. of i r., 71ec-:I7 eVws Letter (April): Black
cherry "-nhids bera". hn.tchinf; during; the second week in April
in the lov.'cr Hudsoni River Valle-, and during the third w-eek in
central Ne'T Yorkc. This insect seems to be unusually abundant
CH2IRY 2J.UIT SA2TIY (H-locp.-na cookei Claice)
F. H. '.ly-orc (March 29): The cherry fruit sav'fly has done
con.idorablc dc-a :e to the very <11 "Bt:.u.ty" pluns in an
orchvrd near Vacaville.
R SCA (Aulacsri rsac BRRouche)
ROIZ7 SC, iL- (.\ulacqsri-:7 rnsae Bouche)
Mi ssi ssi-.-)ii
*" .-: .* !
J. J. D-wvis (Airil 26): The rose scale vms rcpirtcd as
abundr-ant on ra-.nbcrry -,t Tcrre Haute in January. AIlso on
ro-se at Lrfo:,tte.
F. A. S-ith (Anril 20): The rose scale has been rc-oorted on
raspberries in Tatc Countr.
GPAP2 L'T'-:0?3. (2r:.t!-.r-ieura cno-cs Say)
1:. Y. State Coll. of AX;r., lec.l.. ::e'.-s Letter (Anril 25):
Gr-'-c ler-onr-,,rs rre f"l.in,- in C' ".it-:.uqua County.
Cali f rnia
G. ?. X'l-.lton (April 13): Graie lefhrnnppers arc c-erging
fro' hibernation, and are alrend' abundant around Virgi-ia
creeoer vines in soy.e arts of Loc-"n.
S. Lockv:ood (April 20): In the s-_ndier regions of the S3n-
Joaquin Valley the grape leafhopper is at present as numerous
as last year, thou,-h the area of extreme infestation may be
somewhat smaller. The da-rmage resulting from this insect -nay,
however, be considerably less because of the growers knImoving
far better how to control this pest. The presence of Anagrus
epos Girau-alt an egg parasite of the grane leafhopper, in
great numbers last fall reduced the population considerably.
APPLE T.7IG B30.a (Aniphicerus. bicaudatus Say)
S. Marcovitch (March 28): Sent in from northern Georgia by
H. L. Fackler with the re-nark that they were doing heavy dam-
age to young transn-rent apple trees at Ch'-tsworth by boring
in just above the buds.
W. J. Baerg (Aoril 11): A heavy infestation on grape over
a small area at FIayettoville was observed on April 5.
J. R. :rer (April 20): The apple twig borer is moderately
abundant on :.ro, -ecan, and cherry.
AT A'3ROSIA B3E3L2 (Xyleborus gerranus Blandf.)
E. P. Felt (April 22): An ambrosia beetle, X. grmnenus,
was found breeding abundantly in zr ecnhouse grare stems at
Jestbury, L. I. The s-oecies is Far Eastern, having, been re-
corded only from J?-nan, Korea?, and For-osa, and previously
ci-oirn to attack Benzoin thunbrergii, Car-oinus laxiflora, and
IMPTOEr CU10R11AT "052 (Pteronus ribesii Sco-n.)
H. E. Jaques (April 26): The imported current swfly is
very abundant in Henry County.
D. B. hielan (Tr rch 20 to A-ril 20): The first eggs were
found on Anril 18, four days earlier than in 1931.
.CiTRLAT APHID (Myzus ribis L.)
1. Y. State Coil. of Agr., Teel-ly I'e'7s Letter (Aoril 25):
Currant naphids began hatching April 22.
73ST=?'- T17T CATERPILLUR (Malacosomwa .luvialis Dyve)
A E. Michebacher (April 19): Around Aptioch the western
tent catcrTnillpr does not seen to be as destructive as it
was a year ago. Some can be found throughout the area on
almonds, but no excessive d-npge is being done.
CLOV3R '1IT (Bryobia Toraetiosa Koch)
F. H. Wymore (April II): The brown or almond mnite has
been reported as doing considerable feeding on prunoatfoliage
about W7inters and Davis. Many adults have been presc'-t in
the orchards for the past two wec-s while to date only about
three-fourths of the overintering egs have hatched, thus
indicating that many n.dult mites have c-ncrged from hiberna-
HICKORY SHUC '.JO!R. (Laspeyresia caryana Fitch)
J. S. Gill (Aoril 25): From breedin-g cages on material
collected in the 'winter and kept out of doors, adults of
the pecan shuck worm have been emerging in numbers since
the middle of April.
P3Co.X CIGAR CA32 BZFSR (Colcophora carywefoliclla Clem.)
J. B. Gill (Aoril 25): The overwintering laxrvae of the
pec-i cigar case bearer are no'r moving out on the ex-on-iding
foli.i- .e of pecan trees. The infestation is quite light in the
neccn orchards of southern Georgia.
FEC.W L3IA' CASE BEAR-R (Acrobasis nalliolella Rag.)
J. B. Gill (April 25): With the bursti--- of buds on pecan
trees, the larv'te of the occan leaf case.bearnr hove been
leaving their hibr:rr'.culo to L-Aa7 into the b'ods and opon the
- ex-oaiti-r n; leaves.
P'CAi" B'J OTH (Gretcie.s bolli.na Slinj.)
J. 3. Gill (April 25): Occasional adults of the pecan bud-
-'oth are encountered in the occr:. orchards of southern
C I T?2US
GRZ7 CIIRU3 APHID ('.D.s smiraccola Patch)
J. R. "atson (4A-pril 22): Thcre is a vcry heavy infestation
over -nost nf the citrus belt at the orcsent tim-e, a month
later thrn e --'rdinrily expect such'an rnutbrcn1. T'is is
undiubtcd1-; the re-iult of n dele.re. flush of croeth rnd blgom
on citrus. The first rart -f the ;inter :",rs extremely drir
and prevented the trees fro-- bloomin- to nny larc extent
or ruttin7 out much tender ''rovth to serve as food. The
drought "ras bro"-cn about the riddle of 'fbrch and the trees
are noT in full bloom. and full of aphids.
0?'f-C- T-ERIPS (Scirtothrins citri 'Moult.)
'i ssi ssinri
Cali fo rnia
C. D. Lebert (A-ril): Very numerous on the citrus in the
Salt River and Yuna;' Valleys during; April. The second and
third ao-lications of sulphr v ere being- apnlied in "any of
the groves. The flo" cr thrips, -r.-.:liiella tritici pitch,
were more abuzv.:t in the bloom by far, although it v:as
not unco-..on to find an averse of five citrus thri-s oer
blosso-)- in the older .roves.
I. cGrc;gor (Anril 19): 'Altheu.h the citrus thrins
ap-e'rcd [ai-ch 6, this ;err, six days later th:'i nor-al, iti
has develorned very r,"nidly. It has suffered a miniminu of
mortality, and a hih -i crcenta-c o overvinterinJ eggs
hatched ar.d dcveloncd to m.aturity. This led to a rclrtive-
ly grent annount of injury to vcrn!l foliage of citrus
varieties. The outlook_ is fir oeir of severe d.aGCe to
unnrot ccted orchards.
CITPJJS *j'iTLY (Dialeurodes citri Riley & Hor.".)
J. R. 7atson (Anril 23): Tnh citrus whitefly is moderate-
H. T. Fcrnld (Anril 20): Far less abundant on citrus
trees at Orlando than last year at this ti-ne.
C. Lile and assistants (Arril): The citrus ;'hitefly is
very abundant in many loclities throudirout the State, at-
tackin citrus, cane jasmine, and -rivet. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
?Monthly News Letter, Los Angeles County kAgricultural Com-
missioner (lj:,ch 29): The first -ajor step in securing the
eradication of infestations of the citrus whitefly, found re-
cently in Arcadia, has been ta2'en. Considered a major nest
of citrus, to which it causes da"-a_:e similar to that of the
black -scp!e (Saissetin oleac Bern.) the citrus whitefly
before being found at Arcadia. 'as %nIown to exist in Califor-
nia only in the vicinity of Sacramento, and since Setember,
1931, in Santa Ana, Ornnje County. At both of these places
Call for niP.
intensive er.adication -leasurcs rre being; carried on. The
source -f the nnc':ly fo-rt- infesta.titons at Arca.dian. has been
placed. as -nlr.nts sold several rc-ers a:o fro- oa nurser:, in
-vhich infestation ',as fo-unid nmd ecradicated in 1928.
A CIiTJJS ?2F 3PIDTh (Tctr:.nr cbs sn.)
Monthly Te.s Letter, Los A"-.,eles County A,-ricultural Coni-
1issioncr (Mlarch 29): Desrite urfavor.'ble weather cond.i-
tions durin- the> ;'intor for insect gro-Tth, citrus red sniders
have co-.e thr-ujh in sufficient numrnbers to cause rather
severe infestations in -iny :roves in Los Anjeles Co'unty
Much earlier in the season than nnr--lly.
CALIFORITIA 311 SCL: (Chr.ys, -rh.lus aur,-ntii M'sh.)
C. D. Lebert (A2-ril): The infestation of California red
scale fozicd in a s;ll planting at Yu-a. in "arch, 1932, has
been controlled. All citrus trees in the bloc were cut
back, co-!nletcly defoliat.., brushed, and snr.yed. At the
present vrritinj there is no lrnorn infesta.tion existing
v within the State of Ariz,-..
Arkan sa s
VEGETABLE WEEVIL (Listroderes obliquus Gyll.)
J. M. Robinson (April 20): The vegetable weevils have
been doing damage since middle of March at Auburn. Adults
abundant but no larvae at this time.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): This insect continued to
be troublesome throughout the month over the greater part of
the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
M. 1M. High (April 6): During the past three weeks this
weevil has been found in Ashely and Chicot Counties.
M. M. High (April 6): During the past three weeks this
weevil has been found in 18 additional parishes in Louisiana
as follows: Vernon, Sabine, 2Natchitoches, Grant, Winn,
Caldwell, Ouachita, Moorehouse, Union, Lincoln, Jackson,
Bienville, Claiborne, Webster, Bossier, De Soto, Red River,
and Caddo. One wild host plant was taken in Louisiana during
the last wee of March. This leaves only 2 parishes in
Louisiana unrecorded as infested, and I feel sure these have
M. M. High (April 6): During the past three weeks this
weevil has been found in Harrison County.
BAINDED CUC2.3W BE7TTLE (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)
K. L. Cockerham (April 6): Founi very numerous on young
corn in one field near Foley. As many as two or three beetles
to a stalk were found and the corn showed considerable evidence
of their feeding. (April 11): IToted attacking turnips and
Irish potatoes. They were particularly numerous on turnips.
SPOTTED CUCLU._R BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)
K. L. Cockerham (April 11): This insect was found attacking
Irish potatoes and turnips at Foley, but it wasn't so abundant
as D. balteata.
J. MI. Robinson (April 20): The spotted cucumber beetle is
moderately abundant at Auburn.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): The spotted cucumber beetle
is appearing in large numbers throughout practically all parts
of the State, both adults and larvae doing considerable damage
to gardens, particularly in the southern half of the State.
STATE PLANT 860A^
D. Isely (April 27): The -spotted cuc-umber beetle is
moderately abundant in Washington Countyr; vc.ri abundant in
comparison with last year.
I]BRICATE S1N0UT BELI.E (2picaer-is imbricatus Say)
H. Dietrich (April): The imbricated snout beetle has been
found abundant on wax beans in several parts of George County
during the month.
ASPLRAGUS B3ETLE (Crioceris asparagi L. )
A. E. Michelbacher (April 19): On the 24th of March the
first asparagus beetles -vere observed near Rio Vista. They
were fairly numerous and will probably do considerable !amage
to young asparagus allowed to go to fern if no attempts are
made to control them with sprays. At the present time a few
of the beetles can be found here and there throughout the
Sacramento River delta. On good authority I am informed
that the beetle was found as early as the 4th of .arch.
SEED CORN MAGGOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond.)
W. A. Thomas (April 4): A light infestation on snap beans
has occurred in the Chadbourn area within the past week.
The attack seems to be confined almost entirely to plants
just emerging from the soil.
B3T 7-WOR.0 (Loxostege sticticalis L.)
J. A. M uLnro (April 22): Several reports have been received
recently from McKenzie and Williams Counties that larvae aind
puipac are being observed in great abdir.dance in fields being
plowed at this time.
POTATO LMAFHOPPER (hinpoasca fabae Harr.)
J. R. Watson (April 22): The bean leaf hopW.r, E. fabae,
was extremely abundant in the vcrglrdes section.
T'-rZS-COR:T7-_-. AIUtUYA HOPP-R (Stictocephala festina Say)
H. Dietrich (April 21): The three-corner'- alfalfa hopper
was extremely ab'unarint on 7"Px beans in &eorr-e County on April
4, but is now rare.
L'!LF-F0OTED BUG (Leptoglossus pfx.1'i wcsL. )
H. Gladney (April 18): Leaf-footed bugs are moderately
abundant at Ocean Springs, Jackson County.
FASE CHI17CE BUG (Qysius erica.c Schill. )
G. F. Knowlton (April 4): The false chinch bug is active
in northern Utah at the present time.
GR.-.T PEAICH APHID (1-yzus persicae Salz.)
J. P. Kislarnko (April 20): Turnips and potatoes in Stone
County are moderately infested.
J. R. Eyer (April 20): Spinach aphids are appearing on
potatoes, lettuce, and other garden vegetables.
FIELD CRICKr, (Gryllus assimilis Fab.)
C. lylo and assistants (April): These insects were reported
from Pearl River, Pike, and Lincoln Counties, whore they were
doing considerable damage to strawberries. (Abstract, J.A.I-I.)
P. D. Sanders (April 22): Three acres of cucumbers growing
under glass in Oklahoma City were being severely damaged by
thrips. Reported to me by E. F. Burk.
C. l rlo (April 22): Severe injury to both zreen and ripe
strawberries by millipedes (tentatively identified by 3. W.
Stafford as Julus sp. or Parajulus sp.) was reported from
Durant, Holmes County, on April 10. Injury to lima bean
seed was reported from Durant on the same date, and from
Chlrleston, Tallahatchie County,on April 12.
A. E. licholbacher (April 19): The garden centipede
(Scutigerella inmmaculata Newp.) damage at Clarksburg appears
to be sorncw'.at less this year than last. However, in the
delta region there are areas where it is doing a considerable
amount of damage to asparagus, onions, and sugar beets.
SOWBUGS (Oni sc i dae)
H. R. Bryson (April 22): Two reports from Wichita, April
11, state that sowbugs were causing damage in that vicinity.
One instance reports this pest injuring stri-berr" plants.
COLORADO POTATO B3TLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)
W. A. Thomas (April 8): Adults seem to be unusually abundant
on young potatoes. To date no oviposition has been observed.
J. R. Watson (April 23): The Colorado potato beetle-'is
moderately abundant in the potato area about Hastincs.
L. Baseman (April 25): Beetles were observed on potatoes
on April 22.
K. L. Cockerham (April 13, 14): On April 13 an unusual
number of egg clusters and newly hatched larvae were observed
on Irish potatoes at Foley, Ala. On April 14 dariaze was noted
in Biloxi, Hiss. Some plants already have most of their
leaves destroyed. I have not seen egcs and larvae so numerous
for several years.
C. Lyle and assistants (April): Although this insect was
reported from practically all parts of the State it was
observed to be causing appreciable danmrae in only the south-
eastern section. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
MEXICAN BEAT B3TLE (Epilachna corr.ipta I.uls.)
Kans ? s
N. Turner (April 22): The Mexican bean beetle shows very-
low winter mortality in hibernation cages.
1. A. Stearns (April 21): Overwintered adults first appeared
in cages April 19.
IT. Y. State Coll. Agr., Teekly News Letter (April 18):
Adults were noticed on some beans in Erie County the early
part of the week before the storm.
J. M. Robinson (April 20): The Mexican bean beetle is
moderately abundant at Morris.
BZA2T LEAF BTLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)
C. Lyle and assistants (April): The bean leaf beetle put
in 'its appearance during the third week in the month and by
the end of the month was doing considerable daram.ae to young
beans. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
PEA APHID (Illinoia Lisi Salt.)
E. G. Kelly (April 22): Pea aphids observed on alfalfa at
Kir man !arch 31, and in Barton and Stafford Counties April 2.
C. Lrle and assistants (April): This insect, which was
temporarily retarded by the freezing weather during the first
week in March, has since built'-up to destructive populations,
particularly on English and Austrian peas. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
IMPORTED CA33BAGE WOM (Ascia rapae iL.)
H. T. Fernald (April 21): Adults are extremely abundant
near and in cabbage fields and depositing e-gs on the cabbages,
at Winter Gardens. I think I never saw so many at one time.
L. Haseman (April 25): Butterflies on wing have been seen
in central M-issouri in considerable numbers since April 1.
SOUTH=--T CABBAGE WORM (Ascia protodice B. & L. )
H. Gladney (April 18): The southern cabba-e worm is moderate-
ly abundant on cabbage at Ocean Springs, Jackson County.
PIA!'O:TD-BACKMO::- (Plutella maculipennis Curt.)
W. J. Reid, jr. (April 25): The diamond-back moth has
continued to be a very serious pest of cabbage in the
Charlest-on area. Breeding of the insect contin'L.el unchecked
during the entire winter. The pest attacked the spring cabbage
crop as soon as it was set in the field. At first the in-
festations of the spring crop were located near winter
cruciferous plantirr.s. At the present, approximately one-half
of the spring cabb%;e crop has been harvested. The worms are
now present in enormous numbers on the cabbage; all stFeos of
the insect are present in the field. The worms have tunneled
throu'th as rnany as six leaves of the cabbage heads; 90 per cent
of the cabbage plantings visited by the writer show an infes-
tation. The damage is severe in 75 per cent of the plantings.
G. F. Knowlton (April 12): Unu,..liy abundant on wild
mustard plants in seveo-al parts of Toocle and Box der Counties.
IAL3JIIT BUG. (:hirs.. 5ta hstrioni ca Hahn)
C. Lyle a.-'. assistants (April): This insect was doing
considerable da-.r9 to crucifers in sev-r'.1 -rrts of the State
during the latter half of the month. (AbsCract, J.A.H.)
J. M. Robinson (April 20): The harleq-in bug is moderately
abundant at Auburn.
W. A. Thomas (April 5): This insect is present in large
numbers on seeding collards where serious injury is being done
to the developing seed pods near Chadbourn.
C. F; Stiles (April 21): The harlequin 'bug is present in
larger numbers than usual and is distributed fairly well over
the eastern half of the State. Some of the truck growers are
hand-picking the bugs.
J. R. Watson (April 23): The harlequin bug is moderately
HL R. Bryson (April 12): Reports from Cherryvale indicate
that the harlequin bug is abndant in that vicinity; reported
A WEEVIL (Tanymecus laceana Hbst.)
C. F. Stiles (April 21)f A weevil (Tanrmocus laceana) 'has
been found feeding on cabbage in Wagoner County and there are
as many as 50 on some of the plants, but I doubt if the damage
will be very serious.
STRIPED CLTUCUIBER BETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
N. Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (April 25): A
few striped cucumber beetles were found in Erie County.
W. A. Thomas (March 21): This insect was observed at
Chadbourn in large numbers feeding on the open blooms of the
chokeberry. At this time no cucurbits had been planted. This
early appearance of the stripes cucumber beetle in such large
numbers would seem to indicate that the winter mortality has
been much below the normal for this section.
J. N. Knull (April 25): Adults plentiful on the flowers of
Amelaachier canadensis at Mbnt Alto.
SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)
J. J. Davis (April 4): We have had reports of abundance of
squash bugs in hibernating quarters at Lafa-ette.
G. F. Knowlton (April 15): Many inquiries h-ave been received
about the squash bug. This destructive species is becoming
more widely distributed each -ear, and severe losses result.
BLACK ONION FLY (Tritoxa flexa .vied. )
E. 0. Essig (April): Larvae found February 4; adults reared
in March and April. Larvae attacking chives in Santa Barbara
County. Exact locality will be furnished later. First record
of this insect in California. Adults reared by 7. 0. 2ssig
and determined by F. R. Cole.
STRATB.RRY V7Ei IL (Anthonomus signatus Say)
J. P. Kislanro (April 20): The strawberry weevil is doing
some damage to the young berries, but more so to the native
blackberries. They were first observed on March 28.
A. Thomas (April 13): The strawberry weevil began
emerging from hibernation the latter part of the third week of
March. They were first observed working in strawberry fields
on March 28. 3y April 10 the infestation had become general
over the Chadbourn area and the injury had become more wide-
spread than usual.
A ST.A733RRY ROOT WS3VIL (flyslobus decoratus Lec.)
M. J. Forsell and M H. Hatch (April 18): Adults of this
species were abundant (3 or 4 to a plant) on yearlong straw-
berry plants, the leaves showing; signs of extensive feeding
on April 16, at Bainbridle Island. The field had a southern
exposure, and the beetles '-erD most abundant along the martin
of the field nearest the second--rowth timber. No larvae were
found at the roots, though lots of grabs could be found in
fields harboring Brach=yrhinus ovatus L.'
STRAWBERRY ROOT APHID (Aphis forbcsi Weed)
W. J. Baerg (March 30): The young lice have appeared in
the crowns of strawberries at Fayetteville. Late last fall
they wbie very numerous on strawberry plants.
SW.T PO TAT0
SWEETPOTATO FLEA BEETIE (CZ.n-tocnema confinis Crotch)
K. L. Cochrharn (April 13): The sweetpotato flea beetle was
found quite generally distributed over a sweetpotato field at
Foley, on April 13, but at that time very little feedin< was
=ET LFAFHOPPEP. (]atettix tenellu-as Ba2:.)
C. Wa2eland (April 19): Beet leafhoppers are very scarce
in breeding areas.
G. F. Knowlton (April 1): Dark ovcrwintered females "7ere
found to be moderately abundant on moung Cheirinia reparda
in places in the Flux, Grantsville, and upper S ull Valley
areas of Tooele County. (April 18): Beet leafhoppers are
moderately abundant in some Tooele and Box Elder County,
J. R. ]yer (April 20): Beet leafhoppers are moderately
abundant. First-generation n.rmphs apocared early in March.
Adults are abundant on Lepidium alyssoides and full plantings
TOBACCO FLEA B=FLE (Epitrix 2arvula Fab.)
F. S. Chamberlin (April 8): Tobacco flea beetles are
becoming unusually abundant on newly set tobacco in Gadsden
Z. P. !,otcalf (April): Has very seriously damaged old
tobacco beds in all parts of the State.
S. Marcovitch (April 25): Reports indicate that flea
beetles are doing considerable damage to tobacco beds this
FOREST A D SHADE- TREE INS3C S
GYPSt MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)
H. L. Bailey (April): Infestations occur in the towns
along the Connecticut River from Springfield southward.
Scouts of the Vermont Department of Agriculture found a
decrease in number of egg masses about colonies which were
scouted last year, but more general infestations than
previously in woodlands. A few e-g masses nave been found in
Ne'.,bury and Fairlee where small colonies hL..ve persisted several
A. Z. Stene (April 22): Egg clusters are moTe abundant
than they have been for. several seasons and specimen clusters
brought into the office from :different places in northern
sOction.s of' Rhode Island are :atching well not le th-'an
60 or 70 per cent. If conditions are favorable for young g
caterpillars we are likely to h-ve heavy infestations in a
Te,'7s Letter,. Plant Quarantine and Control Administration
No. 16 (April 1): The largest infestation of the gypsy moth
found on Long Island, F. Y. this fiscal year is situated ne-.r
Glen Cove and consists of 307 new eg, clusters. The ne-7t
largest colony in size is one of 141 new e7 clusters located
near Roslyn, i'T.Y. The last-mknown infestation in New Jersey
was found and eradicated in a small area in Piscatawsay
Township which borders partly on the eastern limits of
'Brii water Township. There has not been any scouting world:
in that section of Bridgewater Township, which is now being
examined, since the fiscal year 1930.
FALL CAN_'MLR 7TCRM (Alsophila Poor.taria Harr.)
E. P. Felt (April 22): The fall cancer worm is locally
abu.ndant in various Long Island localities,
F, H. Wymre (March 29): Thie fall carnker ororm is moderate-
ly abundant in many prune orchards in T-pa, Solano, Sonoma,
and Y6lo Counties.
SP-.I:'3 CA:7KT-R W0I (Paleacrita vernata Peck)
J. A. I:'unro (April 22): Adults of the spring cankerworm
were first observed this season on April 14. The- did not
appear so ab:.-ndant as was the case last -ear.
R-SPL-2DMT S:-ILD ::FR.-j (Coptodisca splendoriferella Clem.)
E. P. Felt (April 22): The resplendent shield bearer cocoons
are numerous in woodland areas bordering- Tew York City.
JEUROPEAT FRUIT LECA.:IUM (Lecanium corni Bouche)
H. L. Bailey (April): Some activity.- among the great numbers
of the craw7lers on the bark of elm and ash trees was noted at
Montpelier on a very warm day in early April. Most of them
were still inactive April 25. Eeawy infestations have been
reported at St. Jobnsbury and ITkndonville also.
CA-P2HTE. WOMI (Prior.o.yytus robiniae Peck)
M, H. S.ve.-nk (Mapch20 to April l 20): During April reports
of activity of the carpenter :"'orm on ash trees were received
from northeastern ITebraska.
BATDED ASHE BORM (ieoclytus caorca Saz,)
M. H. S.7er': (',arch 20 to April 20): ,'r!. April reports
of activity of the ta.-ded ash borer on ash trees *':ere received
from northeastern Nebraska.
ASH LEAF BUG (Neoborus illitus VanD.)
E. 0. Essig (April 23): Ash bug was veer abundant on
Oregon ash at Walnut Creek on April 10, defoliating a few
A SCALE IISECT (P'.henacoccus serratus Ferris)
R. B. Friend (April 22): Ovisacs cqaite common on the lower
part of the trunks and under side of lower branches of beech
treps in Edgewood Park. Not sufficiently" abundant to injure
ETROPEAT =..: SCAIE (Gossyparia sr.ria Mod.)
Mi s souri
A. G. Stephens (April 18): The European elm scale is found
in the central part of the State, mostly on shade trees and
G. M. List (April 20): A new low temperature for March
occurred early in the month, following several warn. da',s the
latter part of February, that resulted in probably 95 to 98
per cent mortality of the Earopean elm scale in northern
EUI SCU2FY SCALE (Chionnaspis axericana Johns. )
L. Hasemran (April 25): Elm scurfy scale was found actually
killing lar-e maple trees in the vill-eof Salisbury. For
the past three years this scale "as been killing elm trees
in this villag.e.
JTITIPPR WV-3WOR_' (Dichom-eris Tir-ielelus Fab.)
I. P. Zappe (April 25): larvae are very abun:-aant this year
and cusinz much injury at :'e- Hdaven, Hamden, and New London.
They usually are not very abundant. Several Juniiperus hibernica
and j, meycri are badly webb-d and partially defoli:ntel. A
lar'-e block of J. rmeeri in :7"" Lo:;.on is heavily irfeste- now.
.Th_ sane block sheik no injury in July, 19-1.
OAX'GALL ITSECTS (Andricus spp.)
J3,.. W crimes (April 20): A. punctatus Bass. was abu2ant
,on."pak, March 17, at Madden.
J. M. Robinson (April 20): An oak gall insect was reported
on water oak leaves at Montgomery. A. coronus Beut. is very
abundant at Anniston.
AN OAK ES (Kermes pubescens Bo-ague)
E. P. Felt (April 22): This oak gall scale insect is
abundant on oak in the vicinity of New York City.
GOLDUT OAK SCALE (Asterolecanium variolosum Ratz.)
J. IT. Knull (April 11): Six chestnut #ak trees, from 4 to 8
feet tall, are infested with the golden oak! scale. Infestation
is very heavy and nan"- small branchlets have been killed.
A PINE SHOOT I.fOTH (Rhyacionia rigidana Fern.)
R. B. Friend (April 22): 'Pupae were freq':ently found in
the dead buds of ..red pine during. the winter, but the insect
has not been found sufficiently abundant to cause serious
EUROP-IT PITE SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)
H. L. Bailey (April): Inspections made by the Vermont
Departme t of Agriculture in many plantations of 1ed and
Scotch pine failed to reveal any evidence of the presence
of the insect.
A PINT W37yL (Pissodes approximatus Hopk.)
J. IT. Knull (April 21): The first adults were observed on
white pine lumber on April 21. at Mont Alto.
I;,TRODJC:D PIITE SAFIY. (Diprion simile Htg.)
E. P. Felt (April 22): The imported pine sawfly was found
by Mr. Ernest Robertson occurring abundantly on white pine in
the Philadelphia area.
BARK ?7-':7S (Scolytidae)
J. 7T. Knull (April 21). ..Tl-c first .4av.lts of the follo'-.i.r,
baric beetles were observed at .....t Alto on April 21: Ey.lastes
porculus Er., %ylurjopG pDinifex Fitch, Der-%rocto:ius valens Lec.,
Pit:,..o.-eo:s hophi:.si Sw., 'Is 2 pini Say, and. I. 7randicollis Eich.
E. W. Ber-Ter and G. 3.. Merrill (April 24): The engraver
beetle (I. c3.11i -rrh.1s Germ.) prot-A.bl7' occurs generallL" over
all opArts o' the State whe.reveT.-pine trees have been weakened
by drouh.t. Many pine trees are being killed.
PINZE NXI5LE SCALT (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)
H. L. Bailey (April): .The pine leaf scale is very abundant
on ornamental pines at Charlotte.
E. L. C,_b-:Trs (March 28): The pine leaf scale, favored
by long season, mild winter, and apparent scarcity of natural
parasites, is becoming established in various sections of the
state heretofore free from it. Many ornamental plantings are
being attacked by it in several localities in southern Wisconsin.
PINE BARK APHID. (Chermes pinicorticis Fitch)
New .v-. la:d
E P. Felt (April 22):, The.woolly pine aphid. is somewhat
abun'Ida 'Lt in the environs of New York City and also in south-
western New England.
E. I.' McDaniel (April 28): This insect is very abu.-.ar.t orn
pine at Wa:f:'ield.
SPRUCE GALL AAP7ID (Chermes abietis L.)
2. P. Felt (April 22): The spruce bud gall is locall:-
a ...".t in the St.ai-.ford area, the you:.g bcin:.- numerous upon
trees sh"owirng many old galls.
SYCA2'O.-' LAC="UG (Corythucha ciliata Sa:-)
W. Britton (April 22) 'prrseor.t by the th'-usancds hibernating
undor loose bark of a large ,'ccrnore tree at Old Lymno. This
insect was vcr-" crr.ion genrally last ye.r.
I T S E C T S AF F -7 C T I G G R N H T 0 U S 7
A D 0 R N AMEN T A L PLANTS
COTTOUY-CISHOI"I SCALE (Icerya prchasi M'askc.)
J. B. Gill (April 25): Complaints on account of infestation
of siruabbery continue to come in from various localities.
Within the past month wxe have supplied Vodalia adults, pupae,
and larvae for infestations at Albany, Hawkinsville, Vienna,
Lecesburg, Claxton, Waycross,, Valdosta, Hahira, and Addl, all
in Georgia, and at Jacksonville, Florida.
J. :.r. Robinson (April 20): The cottony-cushion scale is
reported on roses, bo0wood, and other shrubs at Dothan.
T-RIPS (Heliothrips' a"ernorrhoidalis Bouche)
G. F. Knowlton (April 5): Thrips are damaging poorly cared
for greenhouses in several places.
BULB MITE (RB-Pzoglyphus hyacinthi 2Bdv.)
E. I. McDaniel (April 28): Severe losses to Bster lilies
in greenhouses have been reported from Detroit.
J. J. Davis (April 26): Sov'bu's were reported very abundant
in greenhouses at Brazil and NTew Albany in February. At the
latter place they were attac'*inr petunias as they sprouted
and other potted plants.
A LEAF B2wTLE (Lina interrupt. Fab. )
H. Dietrich (April 21): This beetle .had again defoliated
-'he alders along nite' s Creek, George Cobunty, by the first
of the month.
AP0BRVITA24 APHID (Dilachnus thuijafolinus Del G. )
G. I. Worthington (April 20): Arborvitae aphids are general
on arborvitae. The aphids are being attended by flies and
le .-- rl- nd
0. G. Babcock (!:a-c'h 1 to 15): The sev:rra.l species of
arborvitae are fol-..c to !.e ouite levcroy iniste! -ith this
plant louse. ::.: lici ceye to bo fonn-' r.sin'! on thIC small
branches enclosed by thie folia, Il also out ne-ir the ti''s
or smaller brnoc_-as zbout the many apexes f th. tree. L;r e
and s:.all trees are affect'--. -i'. V.-rp-' i flies az-i !a;P
beetles were observedC to be feedin,- upon thc". lice.
0OZT*Y.MJS SCALE (Chionaspis ejuon:,7i Comst.)
P. Felt (April 22); The e or.-i.,--:s scale is bree!i-
abundantly on indivirlual plants or :roups of plants in the
Boston, Mass., ar"?, in southwestern '. -...l.,. and in
southeastern 1iew Yor':.
GLADIOLUS T'.IPS (Tae.-ilon'.ri.s ladioli Moulton)*
J. R. Watson (April 22): We no' have this thrips in Stuart,
Sanford, Palmetto, T7l)enton, Winter Haven, and DPndee. The
infestations at Stuart, llenton, and S.n--ford were evere.
E. I. McDaniel (April 1S): Aiery severe infestation of the
7ladiolus thrips wr-.s found on the corns grown onr. the Botany
--periment Farmr at the Station, iast Lansing. All corms were
apparently free from disease and insects last fall when stored.
Those in trays near the top of the room were most c-vCreCly:
infested. Other places in Michiwan where this insect ias "been
recorded are Owosso, Flint, ad around Port T-.uron.
EC.Ar:-Y BUD GALL (P.-ch'---,l-1 .er.na Rilc-T)
F. Felt (April 22):' The Ihacbcrry bud ;all is loc.all:'
abundant on its food plant in southwTes'L.rn ew'7 7. -:la -r. and
southL?atrn oNew York.
3ATu:ACI SCAJL3 *' ^ l'" ". cir-i-. *i ;:.r-. Con~t. )
J. B. Gill (April 25): Sh:ie trces, especially, .th. hvc.berry,
and sone or:-.->lv tals in "he vicinity of Alb-.r, "ATe becn fu:,rad
to bc henvil- infectf.-I.
F. F. S-Tith (April): -,.-ci-cns receive'. front P.T.Ulmnn,
Ft .Trne,Ind, ,in April qnd fro"- C. A. -r.',feld, Balti-ore,
... ., in February have been idm.tified ', H. 1Morris-n as
Ta~eni~othrios .l~dioqli I'.-oulton.
HOLLY L7IF I:!1T`27 (P--toG-!'z.A ilicis .Cirt. )
3. P. Felt (April 22): Thei hollyr leaf mirnc-r was reported
b?7 Hr. G. C. Pilce as causing consi(erablo. folio)- injury at
IW..7rc-:.ce, Long Isla'nd, IT. Y.
,TTJLIP TR77 SCAL2 (Toume-olla liriodcndri Gzmol.)
J. J. Davis (April 25): ".:-?)lia scale (. lirio'c-_-.ri)
was reported abuianBt on Ma'nolia at Pc'in in Janiar'. The
reporter advised that it had been ver:- abundant for the
past two years.
OL7LA2DTL SCAL3 (Aspidiotus hcderac Vail.)
,:. SwI.-: (,arc-. 20 to April 20): Reports of infeststions
of oleanders b0,3 t',-.c olan.der scale wore received uri'"-? April.
-"s!) I crOsi rosa T
ROS -: .J-ID (llacrcsiph m rose L. )
P. D. Sanders (April 14): A man brought specimens of thcse
insects into the Plant Quarantine and Control Adninictration
office for determination. Veryr injurious in M. Paso.
I I TS C T S A ` T C K II,'T *H.A I A T D
D 0 E ST IC Al N II A1- L S
1 -OSQUI TOS (Cul icinac)
IT. Turner and R. C.. Botsford (April 22): The first larvae
of Aedes cantator Coa. of thec scacD.n were found along the
shore and were about half- .:'..
W. 2. Dove, D. Hall, and T. M. Prince (April 14): Salt-
marsh mosquitoes (A. sollicit-:4s T7.'27:. ) h,?ve become c-trenmcly
ab. -ant in t:-e low coastal areas.
D. G. Hall (Aoril 21): C.':.:' iinquf ciatue Sa" is
un:c -monl; L.brV-'t in houses ,t Charlectn this tnpri:.-.
L. Baseman (April 25): 1"rious *oPecies of mosquitoes
(CGl ex sp. and Anone2: so.) '--ere beinnin to move frc:.i
hibernation and attacfn'- peopleaCoomLYfLi.. t'e earl" part cL'
H. Dietrich (April 21): .::oscriitoes, mostly *t"-e salt-m-rshI
species, and a pun'ie, p;'b ably Culicoid.cs cani torax Ho:fm.,
were xier- ab'-ndamt on the coast nicr Ocean SprinTs on ]!:-.rch 27.
RI O ,41 IIRA 1I3 (Liponryssus bacoti Hir:.t)
G. T. F?"c. (..rch ?): s case was r:-erred to us b-
the' City Health De-:rt'ent of Riclnon:. and occ'.I.r on the rrcrj-d
floor, wV-ich is a semibasenent, in the down-town sectio:-i o
Ricnm'ond, and in the same bloc': with a rather lare mazrlet.
The upper stories of the 'building are ised as a hotel. The
rooms .h,-, are ife ., -re occupied 'T7 real estate people
whio report th.t the Aites arc vr- ,"--'in- to them bcc'.c
of t.he irritation that results from the bites. A second
re-port ias come to us recently from the sams bloc., and this
m a t ,.%r i a l w a s f11'' d l ". ..
material was for d b a barber. T>is mite has not bocn
rep-.rte t6 us prcii--.sl/ an-d ,e ave ha.d no :ther expe-rience
with it. "he mitas a -'e cr,-.1 of coverin"- considerable ~A
and ?arcr'lin aroun pretty ?encrall on h, wooden w?.in-
scotin7' as well as "-n the floor. One rat was injured in sx.c
wa.- n-t lo,-. a-o in these r-:-ms anF the people t1ld us it
was liter.ll-- covered with these mits. So therc is no doubt
a0:cently th-at thc ra ts which arc overruninz the building -re
carr-in? the "ite.
7T JIS (ChSps P.)
D. G. Hall an: 2. !7 Prince (Ar,:'l 25): -.rl spri:-.- s-,ci. s
of deerlies are very an .-voin- t ni.n, nd v.iIls on or nc-ar
dri- 'c ditches in the coastal areas.
HOrj. LY (Ha -n- -bI-) irr tans I.
L. 7a soman (April 25): Horn flies rro b. i:.i:- to a-:.'"
cattle somcw:Iat b-" April 15 t':ugh they- were -t very '.bnd.nt.
XSTI7- r- (StT-"-Ts calcitrans L.)
L. :7asmnan (April 25): Stiblc flies wrre .,-- .ri.- in
ull nu'-mb2rs April 20.
N eb ras' :a
B. G. Kelly (April 22):. Stable flies wore observed laying
Cg7s jnde, ioyin cattle at jKijin -c,-arch- 31. Ma1y larvae
and puparia F- nd at Groat Bond.
SHORT-i'TOSM CATTLE LOUS7 (Haematopinus eur:,sternus ITitz.)
SM. M. S'7ei (Marchi 20 to April 20): A iTuckolls County
correspondent reported an infestation of his cattle with
the short-nosed cattle louse in early April.
A.4 OX WARlBI (T-Ppog.-er. sp.)
E. G. Kelly (April 22): Adults were out in Greenwood Coun.ty
March 31. Saw herds running in Sedgwick and Kinsman Counties.
Have found no grubs since March' 1.
BLU7JALO G7ATS (Simuliidao)
3'. A. Smith (April 20): Buffalo -nats were very aIbundant
the first of the month in.: Tate, Panola, DeSoto, Tunica, and
CHICXl.: 11:T1 (Dermnna.nrssus allinae L. )
F. A. Snith (April 20): The common chicken mite is ab-ndant
in Tate and Quitman Counties.
HO U S2 -O T D- AT D STORE ED- PRO DUC T S
I N S 7 C T S
T"- 2 IT'S (Reticulitermbs spp.)
T. Snyd_-r '.i*:.)u: During the month of March 159 cases
of termites were reported to the Bur'au of EntomoloC. The
following list ives the number of cases reporteO from each
Section. i17h .:laad, 2; Middle 'Atlantic, 65; Souith Atlantic,
38; 'st Central, 18; West Central, 4; Lower Mississippi, 15;
Southwest, 12; Pacific Coast, 5.
!'. P. Zapoc (April 21): We -have received reports of injury
by termites from Manchester, Branford, YTew Haven, and Union.
They have apparently been present for some ears. One modern
and very eopznsive home attacked and the timbers in the collar
are badlT eaten. This is the fifth case of injur, reported in
the last six rmonthsn, previous complai-its having been rather rare.
Al ba 1 .
W. Dove, D. G. Hall, and F, !1. Prince, (April 28):
i.u.: rous reccr.'t ) f4r 'ormati5.n on termitc control "-2vc
come to an.d ,-ria r the past few wce':s.
J. H. Big'-cr (March 26): Two outbreaks in Canton were seen,
wiAilo reo-jorts are that numerous houses a.ve boon b:ee'ni...
One outbrcq'-: in Jac-.sonville was investi.r-itcd. All arc
properties b,.vilt in'the last fifteen 7-crs. ?,:o wcrc apparont-
ly well-built brick and. concrcto buildinT's.
G. Kelly (April 22): Stakes T"orc destroyed in alfalfa
fields .in Grcenwood County since last sum, ner.
R. Boguc (April 22): There is a hcavwy infestation of R.
hesp?. Bkis., at M 1&ontc.
.'.-' 7 A277 (Irido-- T--r--. _x _v-,iI s Ma'T)
J. %. Robinson (April 20): The Argoentinc ant is rc'-rtz:d
from Wet'.i-,p1-2. and Auburn.
B'.7TL7S (Aobii dAe)
A. G." Bo3ving (April): The f' llowin cor --.cnt w2s 2adc on a
dotormination by' Dr. -v)"l of specimens received from Dr. A..
E. Steno, Kingston, which -'cro identified as Xcstobium sp.
This insect injured boos in a record vault of the Superior
Court, Providence, KR. I. .nothor large anobiid larva
(Ticobiumn hirtum Ill.) is miomrn as 'ama.-inT librar"T books in
Lo.ui s i ana.
PA WT7=IL (-r:chis pisorum L.)
R. H. Pettit (April 28): We have been receiving specine.s
of the ;:e weevil recently, mostly from small gardeners in
seed held over for planting. This insect has not been of
economic importance in -ichigan for a numbCr of 7crs.
C. Wah:land (April 19): The pT. -ec:vil as bcin i-.in. to fi
April 10, or possibly a few davs 'earlier in the vicinity of
SC':T."iR= CO.'1P;- W-:7IL (Call -obr- ch.: maculatus Fab.)
Dietrich '(April'21): The southern cowpeaweevil is
e'.tremely ab-'.nda nt in co'mpoa seed kar:-,. rly stored in Gcor -e
and Perry Counti.,-s.
Mis .ssi "Ei
INSECT CONDITIONS IN PORTO RICO DLRIIT,3 FEBRUARY R TD "'RCH, 1932*
M. D. Leonard
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, Porto Rico.
The sugarcane scale (Aspidiotus sacchari Chll.) was moderately co.-Von
on a large lot of Uba-cane being loaded at the dock on Vieques Island, on
March 23. .
A sugarcane mealybug, Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll., was found moderately
common on both Uba and Crystalina cane in several sections examined on
Vieques Island on an'inspection trip on .'Iarch 23.
A mealybug, Pseudococcus boninsis Kuwana (calceolari:-e of authors),
v7was not vncom-non on sugarcane in several localities on Viecues Island
examined in company with C.. 2. Pemberton on March 23.
Larvae of a curculionid beetle, Lechriops psidii Marshall (Buchanan &
BBving det.) found in mu-r.ied guavas in Bayraron on January 11. (C. C-. njderson)
The type is from Porto Rico Pnd v'as described frol- specimens c.usin.7 mu-eled
guavas; this is the second record from the Islrnd.
The melon aphid (phis gossypii Glov.)was heavily infesting the tender
twigs and -leaves of many young grapefruit trees at Anasco on January 27
(A. G. Harley). Apparently this is the first 'record of injury or even
occurrence on citrus in Porto Rico. It -as also heavily infesting a 2-acre
planting of cassaba melons at Loiza on Jpr-uary 8.
White grubs, Phyllophaga spp., were reported on ipril 13 as having
severely injured a nu-ber of pineapple fields Pt Vega Bf.ja and Corozr.l
during November and December, 1931. (3. Rivera)
-The.-grapevine aphid, Aphis illinQisensis Shimer, was present in small
numbers on several vines in the arbor' of the Hotel Melials patio at Ponce
ea'ly in March.
A bean lacebug, Corythucha gossypii Fab. (H. 3. Barber det.)t Ps
heavily infesting the foliage of 20 papaya trees at the Substation at Isabela
on '.arch 8. (C. G. Anderson.)
*Correction: Typographical errors led to the publication of B-Doasca fabanae
and E. Jabanae 'in Porto Rico in the Insect Pest Survey Bulletin during 1931.
There are no such species. All these records refer to E. Fabalis DeLong.
A lima bean pod-borer, Maruca testullis Geyer, was foiurd in 1 per cent
of the lima bean pods at Rio Piedras, on January 15 (A. S. 'ills). also one
larva in cull pigeon peas at ,rccibo on February 2 an-. another larva on
February 4 in li-.a bean pod: (C. S. Anicrson nd A. S. Mills). On February
29, 5 per cent of ;00 cull lima bean pods were found infested at Arzcibo and
on Mprch 1, 3 larvae found in a hanpcr of string bean pods from Isabela
(C. S. -'underson). Three larvae of a braconid parasite, Microbro.con thurberi-
-nhjies i:ues. (C. 7. w. Luesebeck det.) w-ere found infesting one out of 20
larvae of M. testulalis in the pods of limna-beans at Cidra on February 2
(A. S. Mills.7 This is the first record from Porto Rico.
Larvae of a bean pod-borer, Fundella cistioe::nis Dyar (C. Heinrich det.),
were found lightly infesting n 2-acre lima bearn field at Loiza on Janu2.ry 4.
(A. S. Mills.)
A noctuid, Phytometra oo Cran. (7. Schpus det.), v.s lightly infesting
a snall garden patch of lima beans -t Rio Piedras on Ji-nu ry 15.
Tl-c fall amyworm, Lph-hy" frugiperda A. & S., was lightly infesting
the pods in a 1-acre patch of lima beans at the Substation at Isabela on
January 12. (C. G. -.ndersorn)
SLarvae of the tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens Flb.) were found
eating into pigeon-pea pods in a asall' ppc''age from Aguas 3uenas on January
21 (A. S. Mills; C. Heinrich det.); also 5 larvae were found infesting
pi-c-n-p.ea pods in a h-.-per from- San Scb.stian exp.i.ed on January 26.
(- Q. Hr-rley.)
Larvae of a eulophid, Grotiusomyia nigricans How. (C. F. W. luesebeck det.)
iere found feeding on Lsnrprosom-.:. indicate F'. larvae on limi beans at Rio
Piedras on January 15. (C. C-. Anderson.) Apparently it has not before been
recorded from Porto Rico.
A bean leaf-beetle, Cerotoi-.a ruaficornis Oliv., (H. S. Barber det.) -was
observed moderately infesting_ a 2-acre field of lima beans at Loiza on January
18 and lightly infesting a 1-acre field at Rio Piedras on Jrinury 1.
(. S. %:ills.)
A leaf beetle, Diabrotica groainea Baly, was reported on Februnry 2 as
doing considerable n.2-.n'. e to both snap beans 'and Irish potatoes at Orocovis.
Cutwnorn-.s (Noctuidae) had destroyed about 5 per cent of one--onth-old
Irish potato plants on one-hnlf acre at Aitbonito by Februiry 3, although manj
of the injured plants were sending up new shoots; Severo Pagan, igr. Agt.
at Aiboonito, reported that 4 or 5 plnti-:.gs in the vicinity were similarly
affected. (F'i Chardon.) 1'r. J. Z. Rr--.er reported on -boruary 15 that cut-
worms had been at that time working for about 3 eek's on 10 acres of his
pineapples at irecibo, causing a loss of about 1.5f-Hf t pilc'nts by eating
out lar-e holes and destroying any market value or these plants.
An e P l-Anrt lacebug,' CorvtCiica pln r.ris Uhler (H. G. Barber det.),
'.: mnrlerptecl: irnestin'-- the leaves of 10 out if 40 e,-plants ins-ccted
* Jintn< q jprnil Y ry > .(R P-T-.
Five moths of the pyralifd Ar;,yira S--P' t- Zeller (V. Schaus det.)
were collected on ee-plant leaves at J-jncos Jrnunr:,r 25. (R. _-,x:,n.)
The green peach aphid (yzus pcrsicae S-lz.) --s found to be lightly
infesting the leaves of a 5-acre pepper field at Loiza on February 8, 1932.
The melon wor-. (Di-phinia hyalinata L.) was feedin-- on purmphnn leaves
at Juncos on January 25. (R. 7n:-n.)
The cotton leaf worm ('..r-c-. arillacea Hd-n.), though present during
February and March, was almost a sedli .ible factor on the south coast crop.
(C. C. Morrow.)
The pink boll worm (Pectinohora gos y.iella Samid.) has been scarce
on the south coast cotton crop during February end March. (C. C. .orrow.)
A pit-makling scale, Isterolecani'om ustulans Ckll., was observed badly
infesting mrango trees at Rio Pie"ras on February 23. (7. Sei.) This
species was also very .bundeant on a number of oleanders at Guanica on
A water lily aphid, Pentalonia nigroncrvosa Coq., (F. Sein det.) was
reported by Dr. N. L. Britton as infesting several wetcr lily plants at
Sa:% Ger-.an on December 29, 1931, end in ,March, 1932. In Fe'bruary several
plants were killed at Santurce, the leaves being badly infested rnd curled.
The red-banded thrips (Heliothrips rubrocinctus Giard) defoliated
several trees of the Cs,-'ow nut or Dajuil, in Septe::er, 1931, and on
February 23, 1932, at Rio Piecrms. (F. Sein.)
tn February 26 a casuarina hedge at the Colegio Puertorriquaeno was
found lightly infested by the cottony-cushion scale (Icer-a purchsi M[sk.);
somrre "gallego" plants, Polysias gilfoylei, -,rere also somewhat infested.
(T. Sein. .
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3II I1 2I6I I0 2 II 6185I i 1llllIl I lll I
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