The Insect pest survey bulletin

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00172

Full Text






THE INSECT


PEST


SU"'VEY


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomoloc..t conditions thIcu.' ojti the United Statea
issued on the first of each month from March to Dscsiber, inclusive.


Volume 10


June 1, 1930


Number 4


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATE :G


LIBRARY
STATE pLANT FOARP















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013









http://archive.org/detailIs/insect1930no4














INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 10 June 1, 1930 No. 4


OUTSTAITDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES IN TI U-JITED STATES FOR MAY, 1930


The usual spring damage by cutworms is being reported from the
greater part of the country. The army-cutworm outbreak in western
and central Nebraska-continued well into late April. Towards the end
of May damage by the pale western cutworm was reported from parts of
Montana.

Wireworms were reported as more or less troublesome from practi-
cally all parts of the country. In south-central and souLhern Illinois
several thousand acres of corn had to be replanted on account of the
depredations of these insects and in parts of South Dakota similar
serious damage is being reported.

The recently discovered wireworm Heteroderes laurentii Guer.was
reported as pupating in late April and early May, pupation continuing
throughout the month.

SAn epidemic of the flower thrips is reported from Michigan, princi-
pally damaging fruit.

The Hessian-fly situation has not changed materially since our
last report. Unfavorable weather gave this insect a decided setback
in western and central Illinois.

Mormon crickets are appearing in very threatening numbers in
Sanders County, l.con., a county in which severe outbreaks occurred
in 1926 and 1927.

The corn ear worm is now appearing quite commonly in southern
Mississippi and southern and central Texas.

Throughout the East-Central States damage by sod Wt'oro-.- to corn is
quite general. Similar damage is also reported from Kentucky, Missouri,
and Iowa.


-131-






-132-


A rather unusual outbreak of the southern corn leaf beetle
(1,Lvochrous denticollis Lec.) is reported from Indiana. In one field
90 per cent of the corn was eaten off below the ground cy t'r-se beetles.
Similar d-.:ia:e is bein- retorted from :-entuck.

The pear midge emerged in lar.-e numbers in the pear-grc-'-inrg portion
of the Hudson River Val?,ey, :Tew York State, znd will probably do serious
damage where control measures are not applid..

During the early part of .,ay practically all of the mature .arvae
of the oriental fruit moth pupated and a large perc-ntage of adults had
emerged by the middle of the month. Twig injury w-as observed in western
':ew York during the third week in the month, and to73rd the end of the
month similar injury was apePoaring in Connecticut. In ::aryland. the peak
of tm.-rgnce occurred about the lst of the month. In the G-eorfii fruit
belt the infestation arp.ars to be the lightest since the insect be-
came established in the Fort Valley district, and here it also a-peared
later than in previous years. In the 2ast-Central States Illinois re-
ported from 40 to 50 per cent of the peach twigs injured by ''ay 10, in
Pulaski County. The fruit moth has also been reported as appearing in
appreciable numbers in Ohio, Indiana, 1.ichigan, Xentuc!y, and3 the
northern and north-central parts of L*ississippi.

The first plum curculio observed to leave peach drops in the Fort
Valley district of Georgia was recorded on April 22, about two weoks
later than usual. There will, therefore, probably be v;ry little
... J;except to late varieties. In the East-Central Statr-s, par-
ticularly in the southern part, the plum curculio is seriously damaging
apples. The stone fruits were practically a failure in this region,
which may account for the unusual damage to apples.

The rusty plum aphid was reported as unusually abun'3nt in the
Fort Valley district of Georgia and in southern Mississi:i. "It was
also recorded from ::;braska and Utah,

An infestation of the grape phylloxera was discov-rd. in i6wo E3n
Gabriel vineyards in southern California. Svery effort is being made
to eradicate this insect.

Rather serious infestations of pecans by the pecan nut case bearer
were reported from Albany, Ga., and from Stone and Jackson Counties,
Miss.
the
The situation with regard to/citroohilus mealybg in southern
California is more favorable than it has been any year since this insect
becam. a major pest in Los Angules County. Many properties recorded
as infested last year are now being reported clean ard. only a vz-ry low
percentage of the properties are being reported as heavily infested.

The California red scale is reported as being generally abun.iant
throwL$out the lo-ner Rio Grande Valley of r'xas and present indications
are that infestations vill be severe.








The vegetable weevil is being reported from several localities
in Mississip-oi, in some cases doing serious damage to tomato plants,
turnips, and carrots.

The seed corn maggot is reported as seriously d:m-.gin7 potato
sead pieces and corn in Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, and :iissouri, and
doing some d-mrnge in Iowa. It was also reported as destroying water-
melon seeds in Utah and peas in Minnesota.

The Colorado potato beetle appears to have been favored by the
prolonged drought along the north Atlantic Seaboard. Reports of unusual
abundance have been received from North Carolina to New York. On
May 21 adults of this insect were collected in St. Johns County, Fla.
This appears to be the first record of this insect as far south as the
Hastings area in this State.

The cabbage aphid is seriously abundant on seed kale in the
Norfolk district of Virginia where it may reduce the crop by half.

The weevil Tyloderma morbillosa Lec. is very serious in a number
of strawberry fields in western Washington. As high as 50 adults have
been found on a single plant and the plants so infested are killed in
about a week,

The first emergence of the Mexican bean beetle was observed at
Camden, Del., on May 6. In the Norfolk district of Virginia adults
were observed in the field on the first of the month.

The pea aphid has been worse on the Eastern Shore of Maryland
than it has been for in.ny years.

Heavy stripping of the early foliage of elm by C: li-r-bha
scalaris Lec. is being reported in Webster, Nuckolls, and Furnas
Counties in Nebraska.

In the vicinity of Augusta, Me., the larch case bearer has de-
foliated approximately one-fourth of the larch trees. ?'ny of these
trees have been killed by this insect in previous infestations.

A severe infestation of the spruce bui-crmn in the Shoshone National
Forest has been under way for three or four years.

The spruce needle mr.inr (Epinotia nanana Trcitsche) is reported
as seriously affecting spruces in northern Illinois and southern
Wisconsin.

Canna leaf rollers are very heavily infesting commercial plantings
of cannas in the southern part of Mississippi.

The Argentine ant has been found in three municipal greenhouses
in Baltimore, "2d.








OUTSTANDING EI;TC',:L:.ICAL FSATJRES IN C.J:ADA F0R MAY, 1930


The .-heat stem sawfly is reported to have passed the winter ith
100 per cent survival in the central part of Alberta. This pest in-
creased :Larkedly in 1929, and approximately 10 to 15 ti:-.E as many
larvae overwintered last year as in the year previous. Hea'." in-
festations are anticipated. this season if coditions r...- favorbl- ,

In southern Ontario observations indicate that the winter mor-
tality of larvae of the European corn borer was c.;-ciderably lower
than during the past threu yars. Given favorable conditions, an in-
crease in infestation may be expected during 1930.

Infestations of the early cutworm, j:rU.ca tristicula Morr., r.have
been reported from sections of southern Alberta a.- south.w stsrn
Saskatchewan. Reports at present available do not indicate an, serious
or extensive damage.

The tarnished plant bug caused serious damage early in the season
to fruit buds in orchards of the Okanagan Valley, British Colw-bi?..
Pears were more seriously daaged than apples. This species has been
noted as conspicuously abundant in southern Quebec, near Montreal, and
in sections of southern Ontario.

A further decline in the abundance of budmoths, notably the eye-
spotted budmoth, is indicated in the Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia.

L,-s of the European red mite wer,: more prevalent than usual in
practically all sections of the Annapolis Valley, Uova Scotia, and
were also considerably in evidence in orc'.ards in sections of Tmw7
Brunswick. !he cg-;s were hatching on May 9. In the Jr.Lapolis Valley
it is belivcid that this mite will probably be one of. th; worst orc-.ard
pests of 1930.

>. -of the European apple sucker commenced to hatch in the
i.nn,:..polis Valley, ';ova Scotia, on May 10. This species is reported
to be more numerous in the valley than for several years and is .-ide-
spread throughout the entire fruit district.

Tent caterpillars are again reported very numerous on Vancouv.er
Island and in the lower Fraser Vall.., British Col-i'. -'.y 2'e
also noted as on the increase in sections of P-ince 7:-ard Island and
rei7 Brunswick.

The larch case bearer was exceptionally abundant on larch, in
Ontario, in the early part of "'ay, causing conspicuous foliage injury.

A severe infestation of ticks affectin-. cattle, occurred in the
interior of British Columbia, this sprin:, and rany cases of tick:






-135-

paralysis were reported from the Ticola Valley, Ashcroft, and th( it'arron
Valley, during April. In the Nicola district several hundred h-ad
wore sick and in various stages of paralysis, and a nrrbr died as a
result of the tick infestation. Blow flies also caused much trouble.
The recently d;ho.:ned cattl.,, when paralysed by thi ticks, fel1 on
the stony hillsides and brok; open the healing wounds, thus giving
access to the flies. The heads of many of thl.' cattle consequently
contained masses of i:' _ots right into the core of the horns.








G 7 N E -. A L FEEDER S


GPASST.OPP;P.S (..: ri d idar)


Florida


Minnesota


South Dakota





IoNebraska

Nebraska


Mississippi





Montana


Utah




Arizona



Wa shin -ton


J. R. Watson (May 20): Grasshoppers are more abundant
than usual. RorLale; rAicroptera Beuv. is Jry abundant.

A. G. Rug7les (May '-): Grasshop-per e-"s re just
hatchin- at Silver Creek and Zurbra Fei7hts.. -'- col0
rain about two reeks a.o killed many.

R. 0. Bill (IMy 5): Grasch.r.-,:rs are moderately
abundant in Swanville, Mj.rrison County.

A. L. Ford and H. C. Severin (May 20): Grasshopper e-*-:
are very abundnant and arc hatchinF in the western c -'t of
the state in limited numbers.

H. E. Jaques (May 22): Grasshoppers are moc.rately
abundant in Calhoun, Pottawattpmie, Union, Tavis, Jefferson,
Henry, and Lee Counties.

M. H. Swenk (:'-y 13): Grassho-Dpers (Lfelanonlus 2ifferentalis
Thos.) started hltchinm- in abunCoknce on May 8 in south-
eastern Nebraska. In some c-ses they were so nusnmcrour
that poisoned bran bait had to be spread iimmediatcly to
protect veeta'le sn flower Eardens.

C. F. Stiles ("-v 5): Grasshow-ers are scarce in central
Okl ahoTa.

W. Earned and assistants (May): :r 'rassho'rers are
reported as moderately abundant in Zonroe, Yalobusha,
Grenada, Mont-omery, -nj Stone Counties, and Poala
micrortera -. .uv. j moderately abundant at Gulfport an.`
Ocean Sprin-s.

W7. B. M have yet been received.

G. F. Knowlton (May 6): Grasshoppers are ecomnirn- rather
abundant in one place at Payson. (May 1I): Second-instar
n;,-,,hs are mcderatcly abundant on sucar beets in F- r-in-ton
and 0eden.

C. D. Le ert (L:ay 21): Grasshop-ers (. lano-lus fe-.ur-
runbr L- 7,G. .nd others) are moder-ately abr nt to very
>iund'-nt in tae S-lt River Vrlley.

.. "7. aker (.May 24): Gressho'-r c<-s are moder-tely
a'innwnt ot -comr= and "re just 'e ,innin- to h'tch.






-137-


CU T.70RMS (Noctuidae)


Massachusetts



NTew York



Virginia

Florida


Ohio




Indiana







Illinois


Kentucky


Minnesota



South Dakota


J. V. Schaffner, jr. (May 22): Many reports have been
received from Melrose and vicinity of the large amount of
damage b-ein- done in small vegetable and flower gardens.

Weekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (May 26):
7nhat few caAaze plantings there are in Dutchess County
have shown considerable damage from cutworms.

P. J. Chanman (May 31): Cutworms are scarce at 'lorfolk.

E. W7. Berger and G. B. Merrill (May 20): Cutworms are
very abundant on lawn vrass in Silver Sorin
T. H. Parks (May 21): Cutworms were reported moderately
axundant and damaging tontoes in commercial plantinos
crowinc in Au7laize County. They do not a-near to -e more
abundant than usual in cornfields.

J. J. Davis (May 22): Cutworms have been reported numerous
in many sections of the state. Specific records as follows:
At Muncie, Marion, and Li'erty, attacking_ corn; at Indianapolis
and Culver, attacking garden plants; at Fort '.7ayne, dama_ing
tomato, cabbage, and carrots; and cabbage and tomato at
Remington. These reports were received durin,- the interval
April 29-May 19.

V. P. Flint (May 19): As is to be expected with the general
early planting of corn, reports of cutworm da'a-e are comine7
in from various parts of the State, particularly the central
part. From specimens received, the black cut',.orm (Agrotis
ypsilon Rott.) and the clay-backed cutworm (Feltia gladiaria
:.orr.) are the two most common. few common armyworms
(Cirphis unipuncta Haw.) have also been sent in with the
cutworms.

7. A. 'rice (May 21): Cutworms are moderately abundant
over the State; on corn principally.

Ai. G. 3u- les and assistants (May): Reports from Mvartin,
Hennepin, Morrison, Fillmore, Chisazo, end Dakota Counties
indicate that cutworms are moderately ablundant.

A. L. Ford and H. C. Severin (May 20): Cutworms are
moderately abundant over the entire ,tate and doing much
damage to gardens in eastern South Dakota.

H. E. Jaques (May 22): Cutworms are reported 5s moderately
abun-rnnt on corn, garden crops, etc., in Floyd, Johnson,
Jefferson, Henry, Decatur, and Pottawattamie Counties ann
very abundant in Fayette, Clayton, 3uchanan, Jackson, Lcuisa,
Davis, Union, Cass, Audubon, -oone, and Calhoun Counties.











Nebhraska












Minnesota


Oklahoma


Mississippi










I.o ntna









INevada


L. Haseman (May 27): Cut-.vor.s are moderately abunr.t at
Columbia. Some cornfields are severely damaged.

,. H. Swenk (May 13): Army cutv'orr-is (ZL.oa auxiliaris
Grote) continued troublesome in western ane central Nebraska
until a little after the middle of April. The last r.:orts
were received -' ril 16 from D>vwson County where they were
still injurin&: the alfalfa fields. Other cutworms started
dcma-in truck crops about I'.- 7. Hore than the usual amount
of danma-e to corn is looked for this s-,rinr as a result o'
the prolonged period of cool rainy weather that has prevailed
during the last I'.1lf of April and the first half of May.
(May 19): Cutworms of various species are moderately to very
abundant in eastern 1T ebr as.

A. G. Rules (May 26): 7irew7orms are killing flax at
Rochester and Mclntosh and onions at Princeton.

C. F. Stiles (Ma.y 5): Cutworms are very abundant in
western Oklahoma.

R. 'J. Earned and assistants (May): Cutworms in .-enerrl
are very abundant in some Kardens in -r.te County, and
moderately abundant in the northern third of the State,
while Arrotis ypsilon Rott. is 7ioderately abundant in
Harrison and Jackson Counties.

R. "7. Harned (May 21): Serious injury to sweet a plants
*y cutw.orms identified by J. M. -n-ston as Lycorhotia
mnrraritos- Haw. was :erorted from Aberc.cn on Wav 12.

7. MAee (May 20): The re-orts of damage from the pale
western cutworm (Porosa-.'rotis ortho-onia '.-orr.) are e inr.in-
to come in. The" have done somexrhere etv.een 15 and 2D per
cent damage to the wheat in a larre erea in eastern jefferson
County. T'he larvae are acout h-lf --rown, heinz two to three
weeks earlier than nor-.-l"-.y. Red "scked cutworms (u:
ochro.,,ster Guen.) are reporters as mo era-tely abundant in
Rvalli County.

G. CG. Schweis ('-:y 20): Reports of cutv.orm dirra-e in
reardens at Reno have reached this office.

T. F. Knowlton (May 1): Cutworms -re amnain beets and
carrots southeast of S'1 -I.ke City. (M-y 3): Cnl:r P few7
farms in -'"'er County h-ve had enough cutworm 7..-. -e to 'eets
o require the use of poisone' -ait. Cutrorms are moderately
".,,.t in D),vis ,nnd ',-ie' rr :-t .
...n..nt in Dvjs and 7eber Co_ -:'ities, f -.in^ late planted
tomatoes. Some poisoning is fone, 'ut in rnany cases the few
lost pAlants are replaced -n'- no more -'"e is found. (:"y
-1): Cutworm-s -re moderately abun ant in northern Utah, a
few instances of dama-e to tom-toes, keets, etc., bein: observed.





-139-


Washington





Ore on


1aaine


Indiana


Illinois


SMichigan








..innesota




North Dakota


Win. W. Baker (May 10): A Luxo species
which was ouite destructive in ne" filcs in A:ril I s
practically ceased feeding. (May 24): Cutvorms are
moderately abundant at Grand Mound; two species of Euxoa
in stra.-berries and two in black caps.

L. P. P.ockwood (Eay 7): Cut-.orms (Euxoa sn.) have been
destructive to garden crops in some localities in the
7illamette Valley. Adults of Lyco-photia araritcsa -.
were taken in bait tra-os at Forest Grove on May 1.

[qPT 0RI S (Ela te ri dae)

H. B. Peirson (:'av 19): *Jireworms are moderately
abundant; a single outbreak reported at Augusta.

J. J. Davis (May 22): 7ireworms were damaging corn at
Delphi 71a7 13, ana reported abundant in plowed ground at
Indianapolis May 14, and Liberty Mills IMay 20.

H. K. Riley (:a 20): A wire'.-orm speciess undetermined)
was found damaging small onions in picl-ing-onion patches.

'. P. flint (May 19): 7Tireworms are causr.:- rather severe
damage in south-central and southern Illinois. ,.an. -orts
have come in during the last two weeks ;ivinr infestations
running from three-to eight and ten wireworms per hill of
corn over an entire field.

J. H. Bi"er (M1ay 17): 7irerorms are very abundant.
Several thousand acres of corn will be replanted.

R. H. Pettit (M!ay 5): Two wireworms (Limonijus sp.) were
gathered from a field of raspberries at Lawrence near South
Haven. Th-ese wirew7orms are accused of destroying mi7.ny black
rpS berry patches, that is, the neay" 7rovtl- o: reccnti set
plants in the spncv lo=a.- soil that is very strcn- I ci.
The grower having these worms on his r!-s'berries 7vrote that
he had lost all of his young plants in one part of the field
and E A'ood share of the plants in a plantin- of 5 acres.

A R. Fu--les and assists-ntc ('.-'.F): "7ireworms are very
abundant in a 20-acre field 10 miles east of Royalton,
iorrison County, moderately abundant in Dakota and Martin
Counties, and scarce in Brovn and Chisa_-o Counties.

J. A. Munro (May 21): Under date of May 19, :.:r. V. C.
Hubbard of the Great Plains Field Station at !'?sndan reports
that iire,7-ormn injury to -f.'ley in that vicinity has made
necessary the reseedin- of a number of plots. This is the
first report on wireworm activities received this se.son.





-140"-


South Dakota


Iowa


Nebraska


Okl homa


Mississippi












Montana


Idaho




Canada


Maryland


A. L. Ford and H. C. Severin (May 20): Wireworms are
moderately abundant in Brown County, causir.: d!gTe to
spring wheat. One man reports 50 per cent of stand none.

H. E. Jaquos (May 22): "ireorms are r rorted as moderately
abundant on corn in Clayton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Bocnc,
Pottawattamie and Decatur Counties; and as v.r, aur.iant in
Floyd, Fa,.ctte, Union, Davis, Van Buren, Jefferson, Henry,
and Louisa Counties.

IM. H. Swenk (May 19): Wire,-orms (Mielanotus sp.) are
moderately abundant in eastern Nebra-::a.

C. F. Stiles (,,:ay 5): Wireworms are moderately abundant in
v;e stern Oklahomn".

K. L. Cockerham (MYy 9): Ve have already had one adult
Heteroderes laurentii Guer. emerge in the 1-.boratory and have
been collecting pupae from the field since the 17th of April.
On ',-.y 2 and 3 field digging indicated that pupation wis
bout 25 per cent completed at that time. I think that by
the 20th adults will be fairly plentiful and at the sNme
time we will be able to find full-grown larvae end pur:;- and
we should have some eg.zs also.

H. Gladney (May 15): Wire.-or-r-s are moderately a':-.-.t
at Ocean Springs.

7. B. I'-bee (May 20): Wireworms are moderately abu-.d-rn.t
on wheat in Gallatin County.

Claude 7v'Jkeland (.-y 22): The usual large number of
complaints nre being received about *.-ircworms that arec l"a s
received at this time of year from the irrip-ted districts
of southern Idaho, and many inquiries for methods c:' control.

G. M. Stirrett (May 17): Pr.cre are four or five r'cres of
land at Chatham, Ontario, infested with rireworms (I-.-onius st,.
and Melanotus sp,) "t the rate of 4.5 larvae to the square
foot, this average beir.-: based on a small number of .curre-
foot counts. This would figure out at .?, O' larvae rlr
-cre. The counts vere made to a depth of three inches. They
app-rently did considerable damage last --car in the stme
ground, but it is very difficult to t any previous history
refrrding the tract.

'"ITE "-PE. S (,FhV o ... - .)

7. Ni. Davidson (7:,v 10): $pccimens of -"lle-.cr. :
hirticul K noch and P. invers- Horn werc collected from tops
of linden ni nsh trees on the grounds of a )lf course at
Silver Snrine. 7h-sc beetles, workini- -bout sunset, have
dcfoliatcd the tops of several trees the npast tf7 days.










Indiana


Michigan




Minnesota


Mississippi




Nebraska




Kansas



Texas


T. H. Parks (:ay 21): White grubs are moderately abundant
generally.

J. J. Davis (May 22): White grubs were attacking corn and
oats in Benton County May 19.

R. H. Pettit (May 16): In a number of places in southern
Michigan the sad June beetle (P. tristis Fab.) is plentiful.
It is appearing in the evening around maple trees and buzzing
like a swarm of bees, much to the astonishment of the populace.

A. G. Ruggles and assistants (May): whitee grubs are moderate-
ly abundant in Rock, Le Sueur, Myorrison, Fillmore, Chisaro,
and Dakota Counties. All three stages of the life cycle
were found in the same field in Rock County.

C. N. Ainslie (May 22): Small larvae from last year's eggs
are very numerous in gardens and fields in the vicinity of
Sioux City. Full-grown larvae are seen occasionally.

H. E. Jaques (May 22): 7Thite grubs are moderately abundant
in Floyd, Calhoun, Boone, Audubon, Cass, Pottawattamie,
Decatur, and Johnson Counties, and very abundant in Clayton,
Buchanan, Jackson, 7eokuk, Jefferson, Henry, Louisa, Davis
and Union Counties on corn, potsatoes, strawberries, and. in
.arcens.

R. J7. Harned and assistants (.ay): !ay beetles are very
abundant on various trees at 0cean Springs and moderately
abundant on pecan in Marion, Larna, Forrest, Perry, and
Pearl River Counties.

I:. H. Swenk ('.'.ay, 13): The first report of injury this
sOrina 7ias received on A-oril "5, this report relating to
injury to ne";ly planted grape vines. (.a.. 19): -hite grubs
are moderately abunr.?nt in eastern Nebrasia.

R. L. Parker (' ay 22): MLay beetles are reported attacking
honeysuckle, japonica, weigelia, and hydr7nea, and in lawns
at Concordia.

H. J. Reinhard (!.ay 22): Numerous specimens of P. submucida
Lec. and P. crinita B3ur,. were taken in light traps on L.:ay 19
in Hidalgo Co-anty. Th-- first s-'.cimens of the year of P.
torta Lec. and the most abundant species, P. cra ssissima Blamch.
and P. praetermissa Horn, were tt'ken in light tra.s at
College Station. The n-'-r: of 7. oraetermrissa d.c:ecsed
rapidly after "a.- 10. ?. cJlceata Lec. v-!nz very comrmon
during the latter half of rc and Vtirouhout April.
Practically no specimens v-ere taken in light traps ofter :.:a,
10 at Colle'e Station.







Nevada


Connecticut


G. G. Schweis (April 29): Specimens were sent in by a
county agent with remarks that the grubs were attacking
potatoes and threateninT to become serious in Humboldt County.

ASIATIC BEETLE (Anomal? orientalis ,Vaterh.')

R. B. Friend (May 24): More sprin- injury by gr--. tan
usually occurs is beine reported.


JAP.jTz33 3.7TL7 (Popillia jpronica :Te-.)


Connecticut


7. E. Britton (May 24): Larvae are moderately abundant
in certain areas.


TALNISF.;D PL;,: BUG (Lyus nratensis L.)


Rhode Island



Minnesota


Michigan


Ohio


Illinois


A. E. Stone (::.a 29): 7r.-: tarnished plant ?u- is zho-in:
upo rather earlier than isual,wvich r-3" indicate .rospects of
more or less 6amaze later.

H. C. Donohoe (:.ay 27): The tarnished plant bu is
moderately abunnLnt in "lfalfl rf't u'^falo, Harmel, aple Lake,
cand Silver Creek.

FLO"JCR TURIPS (Fr:.klinielle tritici Fitch)

R. H. Pettit (Ir.y 16): Th.:-rc hs areared in Michirgan,
apparently all over the State, an e-oidernic of whtt 7'e take
to be Frankliniella tritici. It is plentiful nor on peach,
apple, pear, cherry, stra-';berry, and. -znv other plants. ..is
is the same thrips that vers -o produced scabbiness on
peaches, a scebbiness which has been confused with the work of
the tarnished plant bui. If my identification is right -'
this thrips is known variously ss the flower t:ri'os, rzch
thrips, oat thrins, corn thris, and 'hat thrirs.


0 i A L A-.D1 T F C R L "'- C R O P I N S E C S



SSI'" FILY ('I.:to -hr7 estructor Say)

T. H. Parks (:'ay 21): Hessian flies nre scarce in central
counties.

". P. Flint (May 19): Bx .-ination of fields knovn to be
very bevvily'infested have shol'.n that the H.,ssian fly in
western and central Illinois receive r 'severe set-back this
s-orins. Heavy emergence of adults oc urred dul:ir.- the warm
period from >.-'il 10 to 16. T .-s vas follove2 b" a cool period.
and ir'-rrently either the cold -eet.-'!r or r' ins r"hich oL:urred
during' this r riod h;d, aPery detrinentnl effect on the e













Mi ssouri


Nebraska



Kansas


Oregon


Oregon


North Dakota





Montana






,:ontana


and young larvae, as the infestation has been materially
reduced over that of last fall in the same fields. Ocoasional
fields, especially in'tbe southwest-central part of the State,
showed heavy infestation, but as a rule the spring brood does
not cause the normal amount of camsie.

K. C. S-llivan (May 23): The Hessian fly is moderately
abundant in central Missouri. Heavy in some counties.

MI. H. S'-enk (:.',ay 19): The Hessian fly is very abundant in
southeastern Nebraska. Considerable rcreage is being plowed
up.

R. L. Porker (May 22): The Hessian fly was very abundant
on wheat May 18 at ,7ilson, Ellsworth County.

MI. M. Reeher (May 7): Fessian fly "flaxse-eds" of the first
generation were found A.pril 25, about two veeks earlier than
usual. Infestation of winter :heat and early spring-sown
wheat by the first sprinm- brood is heavier than normal in
Washington and Yamhill Counties. Conditions appear favorable
for a large and early second spring brood.

WTEAT JOINT 71O7:: (Harmolite tritici Fitch)

T. R. Chamberlin (May 7): The first adults were swept
Aoril 17 in the infested region in Clackamas County. This
is eight dsys earlier than the c rliest prevlIous record.

FIELD CRICKET (Gryllus assi-Ilis Fab.)

J. A. lunro (Miay 21): Six black field crickets (all males)
-."ere collected in the vicinity of Far-o on lay 1I; one was
an Vult, and the ot'rer five were in the last nymphal stage.
It appears that they had all -Jintered over as nyvmnhs. KyTaphs
from overwinterin; e7s have not been observed as yet.

,7. B. Mabee ('ay 20): -lack crickets are unusually
abundant on one field of about 7,000 acres of 7v-het in 3ig
Horn County. They,- have fed upon the v-heat but ere not
sufficiently abundant to cause esrious damage as vet.

:c:ON, CRTI:(ET (Anabrus sinrolex Hald.)

W. B. Mabee (May 20): Morrron crickets arc very abundant in
Sanders County; are on the vcr7e of outbreak numbers. This
is the same area in which severe outbreaks occurred during
1926 and 1927.






-144*


TFI:K ?T7'- (3lissus leucopterus Say)


Missouri


ArkansE:s


Florida


Louisiana


Mississiploi


Ohio


K. C. Sullivan (May 23): A fe- chinch bugs are reported.

SL. Parker (May 22): The chinch bug is scarce in Zansss.

D-ijht Isely (May 23): Chinch bu--s rere observed attacking
young corn in central and northeastern Arkansas early in May
in Pulaski, Lonoke, Arkansas, St. Francis, Crittenden, and
Mississippi Counties.

F. Smith (May 18): The chinch lbui- is very abundant in
west-Tate County and east Tunica County. They have ":illed
7ach corn.

CORT EA. *702.0 (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

.. Berber and G. B. --Ierrill (Cay 20): The corn ear
norm is moderately abundant on dphlia buds in Gaincsville.

J. R. '.atson (ay 20): 'The corn ear worm is .o-> rately
r'zuncant on corn as a budvworm, and on Farden peas and tomatoes.

J. Robinson (May 24): The corn ear v-orm is very abur.dant
in Olelika; is ',oing from Austrian pea to r:ach crop.

7. E. Hinds (May 30): -he- corn ear worm is -:Eorted as very
abundant in general and is attacking corn especially.

K. L. Cockerham (Aoril 25): h: -h- corn ear -'or. '-:as fo'-."
damaring corn Pt M^iloxi by &'ptJng in thK bue of cte7'-s just
prior to t'ss!lin<.

R. '. Harned and assistants (May): This insect is
moderately abundant on tomatoes at Luced~je, '.7iffgins, Terry,
and Ocean Sprinrs, and on beans at KreolE-.

S. 7. Clark (Hay 12): The corn ear worm is causing
considerable injury near Rio Hondo.

F. L. Thomr-s (May 15): 'orms have been causing injury to
7reen tomatoes at Palestine and Iavasota. The tomatoes have
'Ceen nl nted on a commercial scrle anC considerable injury is
reonorte< by the -ro ,rs and county azcnts.

2:.-c :: (:.z~ .- y b- s :'itcl :--.cn.)

T. H. Parks (M-y 21): Young- stalk borers are alrety found
in corn plants Thhere timothy sod vas ulovw.d un. "r in prcr-r'tion
ror corn. The borer is mo'erateltv abundant on corn in Union
>1JJ,





-145-


Indiana


Kansas-


Minnesota


Missouri





Mississippi
y


Ohio


Indiana


Illinois


Kentucky


J. J. Davis (,4ay 22): ,- The, stalk borer was reported MVay 1.9 "
infesting and destroying Delphinriaand hollyhock at LaPorte.

R. L. Parker (May 22): The stalk borer is scarce; reported
on golden elder at Coffeyville M.ay 8.

A. G. .ugples (May 26): The stalk borer is starting to bore
into the stalks of corn at St. Paul and Minneapolis.

L. Haseman (May 27): The common stalk borer is just
beginning to attract attention. The small larvae have ruined
the stand of corn in many fields in central :"issouri and are
beginning to attract attention of gardeners and commercial
truck crop growers.

N. L. Douglass (May 15): The stalk borer is doinp consider-
able damage to tomato plants in Yalobusha County.

SOD "TBW7P.:S (Crambus spp.)

T. H. Parks (May 21): 7ebworms are now seriously damaging
*oun7 corn plants in many fields of central and western Ohio.
They are less than half grown and are causing some farmers to
replant. This is the most serious infestation in Ohio since
1926.

J. J. Davis (May 22): Veebworms have been very abundant and
destructive to corn over large areas in Union, "',ayne, Miami, Grant,
Floyd, and Randolph Counties. These reports were received
during the period May 11-17.

7. P. Flint (May 19): Sod 7-ebworms are causing more than
the normal amount of damage throu-ho.it central Illinois. Corn
vas planted unusually early, planting boing practically
finished at this time, and at least 30 to 50 per cent of the
corn is already up, The species have not been definitely
determined, but apparently C. teterrellus Zincken is one of
those concerned. The vwebworm larvae are about half ^ro n
at this time in most fields.

J. :H. Bigger (May 17): Webworms are very abundant.
Reports from several counties indicate',that from 15 to 60
per cent of the corn has been destroyed in sod land. Several
thousand acres will be replanted.

W. A. Price (May 21): A sod webtv.orm (Crambus luateolellus
Clem.) is the outstanding corn insect in this State at the
present time. It is doin"- serious dJc--e in Kenton, Bourbon,
Lincoln, "oodford. and Jessamine Counties.


H. E. Jaques (May 22): Sod \:eb.vorms are moderately
abundant in Floird County.





-146-


Missourt


Kansa s


L. Haseman (May 27): During the month there hve been a few
fields of corn that have been seriously c0--red.

K. C. Sullivan (May 23): A sod vebworm is reported on conn
at Ashland.

SEED COR. BTTE (.-.-onoderus nal1ei^s Fab.)

R. L. Parker (May 22): The seed corn beetle is reported
attack-ing corn sprouts at Fort Scott.


C-RAPE COLASP T I (Colas-cis binnea %a%.)


Louisiana


i ississippi


Indiana


Kentucky


T. E. Holloway and J. "J. Ingram (:ay 22): This small
beetle was found to be making irregular holes in the central
leaves of young corn near Raceland.

ED-FEA.DED.. TEA _EETLE (Systena .-oallicornis Schiff.

R. v. Farned (MIay 21): A medium infestation of flea
beetles, Systena frontalis, v;as reIprted on cotton and ccrn
from Church Hill in Jefferson County on May 20.

SOUTHT_- CCT2-. LEAF ?-ETL (Myoch-ous denticollis Lec.)

J. J. Davis (May 22): T-he southern corn leaf beetle *.-as
sent in v:ith the re-port that it was destroying D3 per cent or
more of the corn in a large field near Patriot, Switzerland
County. The beetles aryoeared and destroyed the corn betv.een
.,:ay 1 and 6, as --ry as 11 beetles per hill bein,- found. The
field had been in alfalfa and blue ,r ss and had not been
mowed for two years. It was rlo'wed in Febru:ary and planted
early. The beetles seem to feed mostly on the stem below
"round.

7. A. Price (Hay 21): The southern corn leaf beetle is
doing serious damage to corn at Green-ille and Alexandria.


CORIT BII' ..".S (Sphenophorus sTyr.)


!,issouri


L. Faseman (May 28): A serious outbreak of corn billbus
was reported by Paul P. Johnson in Scott County, 'ay --',
SnhenonDhorus destructor Chitt. bein' the most important.


F.AU-.1L (" AtD ".O
ALFALFA 71 .*" (''.Kt:.:vo-v^ nostic'js &vll.)


Idaho


Claude Ta':el-,n- ("ae 32): Th alfalfa weevil is not
alar"-incly numerous at 7. i'ma; 'eat-r no" cool and rain"-.
'eevil activity not liV`ely to be sufficient to cause ze- re
injury.





-147-


Nevada


Indiana






Nebraska





Arizona


Kentucky



Kansas


Arizona


Utah


Oregon


G. G. Schweis (May 20): Some damage is now appearing;
control measures may be necessary at Reno and Fallon.

G. F. Knowlton (May 19): Alfalfa weevils are moderately
abundant in Ogden and Honoer.

CL0T- IEAF rTLE (E'vmera pundtata Fab.)

J. J. Davis (:.a, 22): The clover leaf beetle was
conspicuously comTfon throughout central Indiana and reports of
damage to clover and alfalfa were received from Muncie, Windfall,
and Kokomo, April 29 'av 8.

CLOVER HAY '.Q?.;i (Hypso-ogia costalis Fab.)

M. H. Swenk (May 13): A Jefferson County correspondent
reported on "ay 8 that his stacked alfalfa hay was severely
infested with the clover hay vworm.

ALFALFA CATERPILLAR (Eu'rymus eurytheme Boisd.)

C. D. Lebert (May 21): A great :rrny adults were noticed
in various fields in the vicinity of Phoenix. The insect
appears to be general throughout the State.

PEA APHID (Illinoia risi Kalt.)

W. A. Price (::ay 21): The pea aphid is very bad on alfalfa
in Tavette County. As -.an, as 50 on a single stem w7ith manr
winged forms were observed A.ril 27.

F. L. Parker (1,7ay 22): The pea aphid is reported from
Larned on alfalfa.

C. D. Lebert (;a7 21): -he pea aphid is general on alfalfa
throughout the Salt River Valley.

G. F. Knowvlton (May 3): Green pea aphids are fairly abundant
on alfalfa.

L. P. ockwood (May 7): Alfalfa w-hich had been previously
injured by this species at an earlier date was seen in m.-'-tilla
County, near Poardman, on May 3. A very fe-v mature winged and
wingless aira-ic femrales and some very early-stare larvae vere
swept on this date. Greet numbers of coccinellid pupae,
larvae, and fresh soft adults of the species Coccinella
transversoguttati' FAb.;vere sweot. Th-. se predators appear to
have eliminated a destructi:re outbreak in this case. Illinoia
isi are still not sc numerous as usual on vetch and alfalfa
in 47ashington Count;.













C onsachutust


Connecticut


Te-.7 York





:'.inncsota




Utah


N:o' Hampshire


Vermont


Y e"' York


Delaware


Illinois


Kentucky


-.i ouri


A. I. Bourn& (:.y 7'D): FTruit aphids -r_ absent or
very scarce.

*7. E. Britton (::.y 24): The fruit aohids are scarce.

!. Zap-c (T..ay 22): Aphids on appls hatch-d in about
the usual numbers in th. southern part of the Stato, but
arc very scarce no-.

Wcckly iers Lctter, T. Y. State Coll. Agr. (l.ay):
The fruit-aphid situation in -?- York has not vcry materi-
ally changed since last month. The ap-le -.id s" =s to
be sli htly maor- numerous an. th. rosy appl apohid a-ppars
to be decidedly on the increase in the Laic region.

G. 5 u:les and assistants (..ay): -rr1t arhids have
been rcoorted as scarce in ,aock and Lyon Counties, -oder-
ately abundant in Bro':n County, and v~ry abund.ant in
Hennrepin County.

G. ?. Xno-'lton (Iy 19): iruit aphids arc very abun--_nt
at F'.rmington, curling 1,aves badly.

APPL? U. PnID (.ois 1 omi S M -. )

z. R. Lo-ry (.'lay 28): G-rn :p .le aphidsare only
moderately abundant around Durh,-.

H. L. Bailey (miiay 26): phis mali, hatched from e--s
about 1i.y 1, is moderately abundant in Topsham and Bradford.

.Te.kly iyc-s Letter, 1. Y. State Coll. ._-r. ( 12):
Green aphids are numerous in some orchards in -utcn-:ss
County; in '.yoming County the green .-phnids all sem to be
relatively scarce, du( or.sumably to abund.n.ce of par.rsites.

L. A. Stearns (Iay 20): Apple aphids were mol-rately
abundant '-y 9; calyx Dpplication just conclul.d.

J. H. 3ij .;r (:!ay 17): -._'le aphids are scnrce in the
7estorn fruit area.

7. A. Pricc (;Iny 21): Th, fruit c. hidie. .
very abund-nt in mest;rn and central "-Tntuc:.y.

R. M. Jon.s (:. y 22); Gre.n a-:l ; Aphids ara moderatcly
abundant in l:rionvill.


F I U I T ::I S C T S


AHIDS (..'phiidati)













Mairyland



Virginia


Georgia


Ohio





Kentucky


Missouri


Arkansas


,.149-


J. P. Xislanko (:Ly 20): L-phis pomi is very .abundant
at JigFins.

ROSY APPLE APHID (Anuraohis rosuus Bak.)

E. N. Cory and assistants (.-'iy 20): The rosy apple
aphid is moderately abundant on the Easte.rn Shore and at
College Park.

P. J. Chapman (.:iy 21): Anuraphis roseus is moderately
abundant.

C. H. Alden (&-y 21): Rosy apol9 aphids are moderately
abundant in Cornelia.

T. H. Parks (.,ay 21): Colonies of this plant louse
are more abundant than usual on foliage of apple tr-es in
Lawrence County in southern Ohio. Some of the young
fruit has already been deformed. No infestation has
been observed els-7hCre in the State.
*
W'. A. Price ('-.y 21): This aphid is very abundant over
western and central Kentucky.

L. Haseman (lay 27): Rosy apple aphids are moderately
abundant at Columbia. They are more abundant than usual.

R. M. Jones (,lay 22): The rosy apple aphid is moderately
abundant in Seymour.

Dwight Isely (^a- 23): Th,. rosy aphid is rather gener-
ally distributed on apoles in northwestern Arkansas.


CODLING MOTH (C-rpocapsa pomonella L.)


New York



Delaware






Maryland



Ohio


Weekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (May 26):
The codling moths are no"7 emerging in large numbers in
Ulster County.

L. A. Stearns (1,ay 20): R.ports of the codling moth
show 69 per cent overwintcred larvae transformed by 1May 1,
and 92 per cent transformed end 19 per cent emerged by
May 11 at Cau.iden; calyx application just concluded.
First emergence in southern Delaware l-ay 3; in northern
Dela-are ;.ay 9.

E. N. Cory and assistants (l,ay 20): The codling moth is
moderately abundant. It wras emerging on May 6 and 7 on the
western and eastern shore.

T. H. Parks (.'ay 21): Emergence is being followed at
four observation stations over thi Stato. In Lawrence



















Inrli xrc.a


Illinois









Kentucky


Iowa


Missouri


-inn sota


-150-

County, southern Ohio, emergence comenced April 30, with
temperature suitable for ug--layin- during th fol:-'-.-
two weeks. Larva- were begin., in; to enter the ap les
May 15. M.oth emergence is continuing. At Columbus
emergence co:.-...ced. MLay 6 -and is continuing daily. At
Oak Harbor on the '"est end of Lak Zerie only: a few moths
have emerged and the evening temperatures hbve been too
cool for any e.gg-leying. In southern and central Oh-io
the first cover spr,, wa-s advised for two weeks after
bloomfall. The ospra.y hrs not yet been advised for northern
Ohio.

J. J. Davis (*-.y 23): The codli.g moth is g.n-.rally
moderately abundant in southern Indiana,

W. P.Flint (.,:-y 19): According to Mr. Chandler's obser-
vations, the codling moth began emerging at Carbondale on
April 30. Zcrgenc. started apparently at about the same time
in western Illinois, as adults were seen on May 4. Ad-lts
- cr. also present at Urbana on l-ay 4, there being less
difference than usual in the time of the start of cm-r.cnc"
in the southern and' central parts of the State. -:-s are
very scarce in orchards. The effect of the high winter
mortality is quite apparent.

"7. A. Price (:iy 21): The codling moth is moderately
abundant over the State generally.

H. E. Jaques (M-y 22): The codling moths are moderately
abundant in southern Io'-i.

R. M. Jones (..v 22): The codling moth is very abundant
on apples in southwest Missouri.

K. C. Sullivan (::., 23): The codling moth is gen-rally
moderately abundant, Cool weather h-s delayed emergnce,
particularly in the northern part of the State.





L. Haseman (y 28): The codling moth began emergin-
early this year but was checked by two w.eks of cold
fathere r and has in the last few days again .-one for-ard
with heavy m,.r-,ncc, reachi.. a peak apparently at
Columbia, 1'ew Fr-nin:lin, ,'averly, :ndnd d1nd-nde:ce :.,y 20-23,
and at St. Joseph ilay 26-23. In the Ozarks moths ar. a
few days ahead of those at Columbia,

A. G. Ruggles -:nd assistants (May): Reports indic-.tc
that this insect is moderately albuni.nt in Fillmore, Bro-n,
and Rock Counties, and scarce in Honneoin County.






-151-


Nebraska













Kansas




Arkansas












Idaho






Nevada


lashington


M. K. Swenk (I..y 13): The first moths of the spring
brood emerged in the insectary at Lincoln on May 3, '-hich
is 16 days earlier than the first emergence in 1929 and
20 days earlier than th; first emcrg~nc. in 1928. The
first moths were collected in bait traps in the orchard
on :.':y 8, and others have been collected each warm night
since. The mortality of wintering larvae was very heavy
during the winter of 1929-30. Out of 611 larvae in
cocooning racks in the out-of-doors insectary, 316,or
nearly 52 per cent,died during the winter. About the
same percentage of w7int r-killed larvae are found under
natural conditions in thl orchard.

R. L. Parker (mIay 22): The codling moth is moderately
abundant at Belle Plaine; first eggs April 14; first
larvae M.ay 9, at legist three days old when observed, as
reported by P. 1i". Gilmer.

A. J. Ackerman ( 7 5): Emergonce of spring-brood moths
at Bentonville b,.g-n April 20. Approximately 1,300 moths,
or about 16.5 per cent of the overwintered larvae, emerged
between April 20 and ":!,y 4. In 1929 only about 6 per
cent had emerged by May 4. Because of the high mortality
of overwintering worms due to the January (1930) sub-zero
temperatures, a large supply of larvae was collected
in orchards during February, 1930, for supplementary
material. The emergnce of moths from these larvae,
kept i.. pupa sticks in the insectary, began the third
week in March, about one month earlier than the first
emergence of moths from fall-collected material.

Claude .ai-eland (May 22): The codling-moth activity
b..gan much c-rlier than in 1929. The first cover spray
was applied in 1930 earlier than the c.lyx spray "-as ap-
plied in 1!92, and the second co, ,.r this year will probably
be a-oplied only a day or two lct.r '-an calyx spray was
applied in 1929.

G.G.Schweis (May 20): The codling moth is moderately
abundant at Reno.

G. F Knowlton (lay 19): The codling moth is moderately
abundant in northern Utah; a fe; adults are emerging.

Calif. Spray-Chumical Co., Vol. 2, 1:o. 2, "Ortho News"
(L.ay 10): The first flight of codling moths took place
almost simultaneously in several northwest districts.
The first flight indicated by our b-it pots in the Broadway
district was on the night of April 22. This coincides,
practically, with moth flight recorded in the lower
"_-iZ.S Valley, at Selah and in the .enatchee districts.
Since this first flight fluctuating evening temperatures,
mostly cool, have caused intermittent emergence of
comparatively fe- moths. ,

.r' 19LA~NI LOAJW




--"-'4


I'.assachusetts


Connecticut


?Tew York



Delaware


Maryland



Virginia


Utah


-' ...R. T.'T CATi 'LLAR (,lr.cosoma -ericana Fab.)

. Peirson 1y 10): The eastern tent cat--r:illar
is very abundant in gcn-r. 1. Many reports of l-:-.- to
cherries have been received. (L.y 19): Eastern tent
caterpillars arc very abunl.nt at Augsta.

P. P.. Lowry (iv-,ay 28): Eastern tent caterpillars are
not so common as usual in southeastern quarter of the State.

A. I. Bourne (:.?-- 20): The eastern tent cat-2-illar is
fairly abundant in Bristol and Plymouth Counties, but scarce
elsewhere in the State.

J. 7. Sch:.ffner, Jr. (May 2S): L-uring this month several
observers reported the eastern tent caterpillars fully as
-bundrnt through the eastern section of Massachusetts as
it was in 1929. In some localities of southern 'orfolk,
northern Bristol, .n.! Essex Counties, wild cherries ar-
badly defoliated.

.i. E. Britton (May 22): The asternn tent caterpillar
is much less abundf-nt than usual, only one nest having
been seen this year and that in Bethany. "r. Z--P:e saw
two in Goshen and none elsewhere..

E. P.Felt (May 26): The tents are v:ry scarce. There
was pra-ctically none in the Stamford area last year and
there seems to be no material increase this season.

Weekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (:.:-y 12):
Th-re is only n scatterin.: of tent cat-rpillars in Columbia
County.

L. A. Stearns ('Aay 9): The eastern tent caterpillars are
apparently less common than usual.

E. N. Cory and assistants (.Iay 20): The eastern tent
caterpillars are very abundant in Prince Georges and Anne
Arundell Counties.

P. J. Ch:pi--,n (.ay 21): TI-. c-stern tent cat-rpillar is
moIr-.tely -,.una-.nt in \orfolL.

G. F. Kno;71ton (Mtay 6): Tent caterpillars are present
in many orchards in Utah County, requiriiz.-: increr.scd arsenic
in the calyx spray on apples. (May 19): Tent caterpillars
.ere d'c ing snowball! in one _.:nrden at F-.rLing.-ton and
have been causing. slight din-:.- to clicrr;: trees at 1erry
and 'wTillard.






-153-


1,-6 H:-.apshire


.',- York


Connecticut


New York




VMinnesota


Nc' York


:oT; York


E'Y-SPOTTED BUDIMOTh (Spiionota ocll:.r.n Schiff.)
P. R. Lowry (May 28): -cvral acres of y,*:ur-i trees are
severely injured.

C"eek.,y I..-A.s Letter, N. Y. State Coll, X; r. (' v):
Larvae began sho- I-g up over most of thc ap.le-gro.ing
sections the first week .uring the onth and by the ist
of the month they were v-ry numerous in th. Lake region.

G. F. .hno.'lton (::-.j 3): The budmoth is damaging apple
trees, occasionally to a serious extent, in Box Jlder, Davis,
Salt Lake, and Uth Counties. (any 13): Budmoths arc
beginning to pupate in Box Eidr County. (May 19) Bud-
moths are largely leaving the leaves.

FALL CAiF1ER W.OR.' (lsonhila oometaria Harr.)

.E. Britton (:y 21): Particularly abundant along thu
Prospect Struct ridge in :.w.. Ha.:"-n.

E. P. Felt (May 26): Fall canker worms are some-'hat
generally abundant -cd injurious in south-cstern Connecticut.

P. P.Felt (May 26): Fall canker 'eorms a-re somewhat
gcner. lly abundant an injurious or Long Island :nd in
southwestern Ne;; York, the insects being particularly
"bund-'nt on th:. Lainl-,!. in a strip alonf t-- Sound.

R. J. Cp:.n (May 26): The fall c-nk-r ;Vorm is very
abundant along the Mississippi River i ar Fort Snelling.

CAS8E 3 .7 S (& R o C ooh o r a spp.)

,Jeely 'c"-S Letter, -J Y. St-,t Coll.. gr. (,'.;y):
Case "-arers ar. present in .,il -..rs in th.. iudson
River Valley and in the Lake region; some injury is being
done in unsprayAd orch- rds in Orn. e annd ia' ra Counties.
GrL;:- FRUIT ,>oG: (Graptolith antenn-ta .,alk.)

WVekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. l r. ("..y 5):
Green fruit norms began to hatch during warm weath-'r in
Dutchess County. In Ulster Coc-nty they PI;peared about
....y 7.


PLi T.;IG 1:1-^ (:Marmara elotell. Busck)


Rhodo Illand


A. E. Stone (-.pril 8): Specimens of ao'lp t<'igs were
sent to the :mtional Museun, for Jdetermination with d1c:-c
h-t looks very r.-u like the tunneling of some smll bark
borer, `trm)ned by Dr. C. Hcinrich -s X rsar? sp.
presumably Jlotll- 3usck).






-154-


Ohio


Ye7 York


- ichign




Nu;; York


NeY York


APPLE FLEA ".JL'L (Orgchestcs p.1licrriE Say)

T. HL Pr'cs (ia'y 21): This instat is on the. increase
in central Ohio. Infested. apple leaves are bi:. rtc.ivcd
fromn anxious fr-iit gro'.ers,

R OUND--:}_ 2D Ai- ,3 TR 30T 3ER (Sp rrda c ndida FJb.)

A" L tt r, "; Y. State Cll. .-'-r. (:"'-y 12):
The first "cr'stinss" of th round-headed apple trc, borer
"erc observed on UY:y 5 in Orinln County.

FRUIT T-Fa LEAQ ROLL7R ('rcL.: s -r.-vroc.i!- .Talk.)

R. H. Pettit (7.ay 15,: Th: fruit tree leaf roller is
very plentiful in the fruit districts everywhere but
espe .cily near Luiington nd., Grand Rpids. Larvae
are r : bout half an inch long.

ee-lly N:-7s Lttuer, N. Y. State Coil. A'r. (C.-y):
By the middlle of May leaf rollers were quite generally
hatching throughout tho fruit-growing section of New
Yorkl State, and although no reports of very serious
damage were received, th. insect seems to be present
in abnormally large numbers.

G. F. Knowlton (.&ay 3): Th. fruit trc,. leaf roller
is generally present throughout the apple orchards of
northern Utah, sometimes doing considerable da0gc. It
is also present on cherry at Perry and on '-lu at W;illard.

APRLE .,3UG (Ly.idea m-nd- x Reut.)

.-ed2-ly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. 1.gr. (-y):
The apple redbug is occurrini- in -ora.al-bundance in the
'iudson River Vallvy, with reports of unusua-l J-.Lun-nce in
Dutchess County the last of the :month.


LEA .:i-ERS (Cicadellidac)


Yew7 Yor r


R r' tiI<- v


weeklyy .luws Letter, N. Y. State Coll.. Apple leafhoppers were bLinnini to show up in Columbia
County on :..-y 12 and in Monroe County 1.rv 26. Black apple
leafhoppers were very aoundant in *.'e.in; County on May 1I.
ilults were found in consid.-rL ble numbers in one section
of Or-nge County on '.. y 2.

.3 T Cor:.' and -ssistants (-'.- 20): .'.1-ci l-fhoo-; rs
arc Leoderately ,oundant.

. Price (.Iay 21): lA. ;ile ln'orl:'rs are moderately
hnndi-nt .jenernll.y over the Stnte.






-155-


SIississippi


Vermont


Massachusetts








Nkc- York


Michigan


:ashington







Indiana


::entuck


Minnesota


South Dakota



Tebraska


F. A. Smith (May 18): Apfle leafhoppers are moderately
abundant in Tunica, De Soto, Tate, Panola, and uitman
Counties.

EUROPTA: FkD ::ITs (Paratetranychus pilots C. & F.)

H. L. Bailey (May 26): 1he European rEd'mite began hatchirng
and going to buds about -a- 4 at Bradford and at Topsham;
reported also from Castleton.

A. I. Bourne (MIay 21): The European red mite on the whole
is rather less abund.-int than last year as shown by the nuz.-
ber of mites hatching from overwintering f.-s. In some
orchards the infestation is very light. There are few
orchards having a very generally heavy infestation. Mites
are in some cases very abundant in small blocks more or less
localized in the orchards. Ealdwins, as usual, seem to
have the mites in greatest abundance.

weekly IT -rs Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (May): This
insect seems to be well under control.

R. H. Pettit (May 16): The European red mite is plentiful,
especi-lly in Tashtenaw County.

Calif. Spray-Chemical Co., Vol. 2, No. 2, "Ortho News"
(May 10): In our last :Iews Letter we reported that 7s
of the Europ-.n red mite or the brown mite were unusually
abundant in many orchards this spring. The present con-
ditions indicate no material injury up to this time.

0YSTER-SHLL SCA2- (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)

J. J. Davis (Hay 23): The oyster-shell scale is moder-
ately abundant in northern Indiana.

A. Price (i&ay 21): The oyster-shell scale is moder-
ately 'buindant.

A. G. Ruggles (*.,-vy 26): This scale is very abundant;
-gfs started hatching last week at St. Paul and Minneapolis.

A. L. Ford and H. C. Severin (May 20): The oyster-shell
scale is moderately abundant, spotted over the entire State.
Mostly on apple and elm.

H. >7Cnnk (May 19): The oyster-shell scale is very
abundant in northeastern UEbraska. During the period from
April 15 to May 15 an unusual number of complaints of in-
festations of '.pTle treis were received.






-156-


PSYLLA (P riCOI- orst.)
P2AH PSYLLA (Ps .lla. novicol- Forst.)


New York




Illinois


New York



Indiana




New York


,.e-7 York


'Jeek.y ::e-.is Letter, N. Y. State Coil. Alr. (ary):
The situation hj:; not materially changed since our last
report.

S. C. Chandler (:.:ay 16): As yet very few psyllas have
been found in the pear district around Alma, where a heavy
loss was sustained from this insect in 1929.

PEAR LEAF BLISTER :.IITE (Eriophyes pyri Pagst.)

weekly lews Letter, I. Y. State Coll. Agr. (:.:ay):
Injury to pears is beco-in;g noticeable in Dutchess, Orange,
and Columbia Counties.

J. J. Davis (May 22): The peach leaf blister mite v;as
destructive to pear at Ladoga April 28.

PEAR MIDGE (Contarinia pyrivora Riley)

weeklyly News Letter, K. Y. State Coll. Agr. (!ay): The
pear midge appeared in large numbers in Dutchess County
the last week in April, and reports up to May 19 indicate
that there will be serious losses where no attempt :7as made
to control the insect. Emergence during the last week
in April and the first week in Yiay was reported from
Genesee, Ulster, and Columbia Counties.

PEAR THRLPS (Taeniothrips inconsequens Uzel)

Weekly NTews Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. ('.:ay 19):
Tymphs have been observed in Dutchss County.


-FEACH

LESSER PEACH BORER (Sesia pictipes G. & R.)


Georgia


Connecticut


0. I. Snapp (May 20): This insect is very abundnt in
neglected orchards and in those where trecs have been injured
by farm implements or low temperatures.

'PI2.:JTAL FRUIT MOTH (Lr.speyresi-. molesta Busck)

Philip Garman (May 23): Twig injury id just appearing.
Tricho-ramr'. ee- p;irasites arc being observed at Jew Haven.

V. Britton (M'.y 24): The oriental fruit moth is
moderately abundant.






-.157-


New York





Delaware







Maryland



Virginia


GeOrgia




















Florida


Ohio


We-.;kly News Letter, N. Y. State Coil. Agr. (:,ay):
Injury had been obser.--.i :ay 19 in tl-e northern part of
Chautauqua County, where it seems to be worse than last
year. This insect was emerging in large numbers in
Ulster County on M1:ay 26.

L. A. Stearns (!,ay 20): Ninety-five per cent of the
over.7intered larvae had transformed May 1 and 100 per cent
had trzisformed and 62 per cent had emerged May 11 at
Camden shuck application just concluded. First emergence
in southern Delaware April 11; in northern Delayware May 2.
First :ggs depose .ted April 14; hatched May 2; first larvae
collected in orchard May 8 at Camden.

E. N.Cory and assistants (May 20): The oriental fruit moth
is moderately abundant. First emergence occurred April 16
and peak was reached May 1.

P. J. Chapman (May 21): The oriental fruit moth is
moderately abundant.

0. I. Snapp (-ay 20): ,..hll the first larvae of the
season were not found until May 19, suspicious twig injury
has been observed since April 29. The larvae ranged in
size from about six days old to practically full grown,
e-id are thought to be still indiviCaals of the first
generation. The infestation this year is the lightest
since tke insect be-amne established in Fort Valley. There
have been very few infested twigs or evidences of attack.
Furt iermore, the insect appeared lat.r this year than
since it became established here. Last year the first
twig injury was observed on April 4. The dates of the
first twig injury of the other years are: April 25, 1928;
April 1, 1927; April 20, 1926; _.ril 10, 1925. As heretofore,
the oriental peach moth continues to be a peach pest of only
secondary importance in this section of the Georgia peach
belt.

C. K. Alden (May 21): The oriental fruit moth is scarce
in Cornelia; very light spring.

J. R. Watson (..,;ay 20): The oriental fruit moth is scarce.

E. 7;. Berger and G. B. Merrill (.:ay 20): The oriental
fruit moth is moderately abrundcant in west Florida. Injured
peach twigs only received.

T. H. Parks (May 21): The oriental fruit moth is moder-
ately abundant. Larvae feeding in twigs during May.

E. W. Mendenhall (May p.6): Some evidence is seen of the
oriental peach moth in Columbus. It is causing tips of the
limbs to die back, to -hat extent of d-.mage remains to be





-158-


Ini ana



Illinois





7entucky


ti chigan



Miss s sippi





Utah


.L csachusetts



Connecticut


T'.,w York








Delaware


seen. It has been: found in every county in the State.

J. L. Lavish (May 22): The oriental. fruit worm is showing
up in serious nu-. ;rs comparable with those of 123.
(May 23): Very aoundant in general in southern Indiana.

S. C. Chandler (May 16): Peach treks 2 to 4 v-ars old
in Pulaski County shored 40 to 50 per cent of the twigs
injured on Mlay 10, while about a fourth as much injury was
found in thetwo counties just north. Aside from Pulaski
County, injury is still light everywh.cre in southern Illirnois.

W. A. Price (':-Y 2.): The oriental fruit moth is very
abuniant everywhere peaches are grown.

R. H. Pettit (May 16): The oriental fruit moth has
appeared in the adult stage about two weeks ?aherd of
normal in eastern ...ichigan.

R. '7. Harned and a-sistants (Lay): The oriental fruit
moth is being report ed in moderate abundance from several
counties in the norti-central part of the State.

PEACH TWIG (Anarsia linc.tell- Zell.)

G. F. Knowlton (May 3): Peach tvrig borers are ordin-rily
destructive this year, and more abundant t"i-L; usual in the
southern part of Davis County. (lMay 19): The peach t7ig
borer is moderately atun:,int, and is causing some damage
at Perry, Wililard, Bounziful, and Farz--n;ton.

PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuh-.r Hbst.)

A. I. Bourne (May 20): Too early to determine abundance
of the plum curculio yet. Just noting "stings" on fruit
May 20.

L.'. E. Britton (Aay 24): The plum curculio is moderately
abundant. Adults have emerged in usual numbers.

weekly y :Tews Letter, N. Y. St-te Coll. Agr. (Cy 26):
Curculio injury is co--on in most rpole orchards, especially
bordering stone fences ;'.d hed.es in Orange County. Great
d:.'.-?e to apples during the p-.st "._k was caused by curculios
in Dutchess County, where they have been cutting apples all
wcel:. In Columbia County curculio "ori: is showing up some
on cherries, apples, and pears. Somar grc7ers put on extra
-.rarys on apples for curculio cont.-ol.

L. A. tearns (!:y 20): First curculios ne-rr-d from
hibernation at Camden, Milton, Millsboro, and BriCeville in
central and southern Z'el-'-re April 15 and were delayed at







T"e''ark and ilmuington in northern Dela'.are until May 5,
tie c'a- of c-er;'rce ii sot 'rn Delaware. Shuck application
concluded 'Ly 10.

Maryland E. N.Cory and assistants (M-ay 20): The plum curculio is
E.oderately abundant; April 28 the first adults were observed
in western 1airyland; April 16 in eastern Laryland.

Virginia P. J. Chppmarn (,.v 21).4 The plum curculio is moderately
abundant in Borfolk.

South Carolina F.Sherman (Vr 19): The' plum curculio is moderately
abundant. Several recent complaints.

Georgia i. H.Clarke (March 13-April $): Report on jarring experi.T.nts:
During above mentioned period a grand total of o-er 75,000
overwintering adults were collected around the edge of one
orchar'. The lowest catch was one from a-.roximately 30
trees. The highest catch for any one day was 11,571. The
highest nu.nbir collected from any one tree was 73, but
this tree was located in the corner of the orchard close to
a rock fill. The first emergence of the season was re-
corded on February 25 when five adults were collected.
The next earliest emergence was hiarch 17.

0. I. Snapp (April 28): The first curculio larvae of the
season left peach drops today. This is about two weeks later
than usual. Under normal whether conditions 90 per cent of
the larvae in drops leave during April. As the insect is
getting a late start this year, I am anticipating only a
very light second generation before the close of peach season.
(:May 20): The first pupation took place on .ay 15. The
season has been unusually dry, and if there is less than
the average amount of rainfall et,-een no7 Pnd the Elberta
harvest, th.,t variety m-,y also csc. De a heavy second-brood
attack. As a result of spraying, tie heavy curculio in-
festation at the close of the 1929 season has been reduced
to 7hat may be termed a normal infestation at the present
time. weather r conditions have also contributed to the
reduction of the curculio infestation in t..: South, (iL'ay 23):
The first beetle of the first 1930 generation transformed
in the soil cell today; however re are not expecting them to
begin their escape from the soil. for another two or three
weeks. Transformation is taking place later than usual,
except those years when therE/is only one generation.

C. F. Alden (May 21): The plum curculios are vwry abundant
in Cornelia; drops wormy.

H. S. Adair (April 29): The plum curculio is reported much
less abundant in peach orchards around Albany than on this
date last yecar.







Florida


Indiana


Illinois







Kentucky


"inr.nsota



Iowa


'1issouri


J. R. 7atson (.'-y 20): The plum curculio is moderately
;n!int over all the State.

E. i3. er.-..r and GM. Merrill (.4ay ;O): Th' plum
curculio is very abunda t on wild lI'-L: and peaches at
Gainesville.

T. H. arls (>a- 21): The plum curculio is v:. abundant
on ap ,les. on; --rable dama-e to .p-les hes occurred
in the southern half of the State. The injury is more th:.n
usual. Cherries, peaches, and -llums are a failure due to
late freezing wEeather.

J. J. Davis (:.'ay 23): The olum curculio is moderately
abundant in southern Indiana.

S.C.Chandler (May 16): The plum curculio, probl'-y because
of the absolute failure of peaches, has beccm quite serious
on apples in southern Illinois this year. In sections Vhere
peach orchards adjoin ile orchards as high as 53 oer cent
of the apples in ell sprayed orchards sho7 the t,-.ical
curculio injuries. interplanted orchards are genzrnlly
worse than those planted separately.

i7.A. Price ('..:.y .): 'be plum curculio is moderately
abundant.

A. G.Ruggles and assistants (>'v): The plum curculio
is being reported in moderate abundance in 3ro-n and Fillmore
Counties and as very abundantin H-.i incpin and Lyon Counties.

F. E. Jaques (:.iay 22): The plum curculio is very abundant
in Henry County.

L. Haseman (,e'ay 27): The ojlum curculio has done more
damage than usual on plum, cL.rr and apple at Columbia.
Some wr ma.s are one-half gro-n.

K. CoSulli,'an ('y 23): The plum cu--culio is moderately
abundant in general, and is causi:- considerable injury in
central Missouri.

R. '. Jones (May 22): 'he plum curculio is moderately
abundant on apples at Mountain Grove, Seymour, and .'-arionville.

R. L. Parker (M-cii 22): The plum curculio is scarce in
.nhnt n tan. Lone seen on cherry this year.

J. 2. Robinson (. abundant at Auburn.

R. ,>. Earned and assistants (.'..y): The plun curculio is bcin-
reported as moderately abundant to very a'u*::r nt from all parts
of the State.


,:ississipnoi







-161-


Louisiana


Texas


W. E. Hinds (:4ay 30): The plum curculio is scarce in
general on peaches and plums.

F. L.Thomas (ivMay 22): The plum curculio is moderately
abundant on -.lum,.


A 3ETLE (Di-lotaxis frondicola Say)


Georgia


Nebraska




Nevada


New York


7. H. Clarke (May 1): Leaves of one-year-old trees,
at Cooksville, were being eaten. Injury was heavy in
part of the orchard. Hand picking and jarring at night
were used by the grower in an attErm-t to reduce the number
so as to decrease the injury. The beetles congregated
at the base of the tree and just under the surface of the
soil during the day, feeding at night. Forty beetles
were taken from the soil under one tree.

SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)

J. J. Davis (.M-y 22): Shot-hole borers were first
observed ir conspicuous numbers at Mitchell April 24,
and sinc3 that date the seriousness of infestations in
peach in southern Indiana has been reported from vwriouz
sources. In some cases the infestation has resulted
from a weakened condition as a result of San Jose scale
infestation, but in general it is duc to a weakened condition
of the tree resulting from the freeze in January.

GIRZE PEACH APHID (Myzus persicae Sulz.)

M. H. Swenk (May 13): The green peach aphid was first
reported :.:-,y 1 on peach foliage in southeastern Nebras'ha.
(::ay 19): These fruit aphids are very abundant in eastern
braska.

G. G.Schw-is (nay 20): Aphids are reported as damaging
peaches at Reno.

G. F. Knowlton (May 13): The green aphid is curling leaves
of peaches and b-cc-ninj abundant in a few orchards at
Deweyville and Brigham City.




BLZCc: C:-;RRY APHID (.:_us cerasi Fab.)

,eel-ly News Letter, Ni. Y. State Coll. Agr. (::Ty 12):
The black cherry aphid -as reported as scarce in Aiagara
County, presumably owing to the abundance of its parasites.






-152-


Ohio E. ;7. :.e.ndc-nh-ll ('.:,y 15): Cherry aphids &re here again
and some people are quite concerned.


I.issouri


Utah


,-ashington


Tashington


X. C. Sulliv-n (.May 23): Black aphids are moderately
abundant on cherry in Boone County.

Q. F. Knowiton (May 19): The black cherry Phid is
becorAini- very aoundant at Perry.

.'m. "7. Baker (lray 24): The black cherry aphids are
moderate l-,: abundant.

'C;EA:TI FRUIT LECA.TIUM (Lecanium corni BDuche)

C. 17. aetzendaner (Mlay 24): The brown apricot scale is
very common this summer, and has caused considerable damage
in some cases to cherry, elm, and apple. f-laying is nearly
completed, but none hatched as yet. Jo evidence of parasitism.


PLUM

RUSTY PL. APHID (Hysteroimeura setariae :hos.)


Georgia





"ississippi



T ebraska



Utah


Michigan




.'.innesota


..:L. F. Turner (..., 13): I ',,uld like to support the
reports, on the occurrence of the rusty plum aphis, from
Georgia by stating that it appears to be particularly
abundant here at Fort Valley this year. Also, I found
it today on ..m:_alus davidiana.

R. WV. Earned and assistants (lay): The rusty brown rlu=
aphid is very abundant on plur-, in the southern part of the
State.

H. Swenk (May 13): The rusty brown :ohid was first
reported on plum foliage on '.av 9 from southtastern :ebr.s-:a.
( 9: 19): These aphids are very aLUi,-_-t in eastern "'-brjsk'.

G. F. Knowlton (,ay 3): Aphids ara rather -icuniant on a few
plum trees at '*illard.


:^ .SFBU7.:"Y

RASPBPRRY FRUIT .F.:-; (-:;tur-is -unicolor S-,'-)

R. H. Pettit (,>y 16): In our :asotcrrv districtt in south-
western ichingan Bvturus unicnj.: "*rhin.i in the -.'ult
condition on the new growth c r ri. 7 of
the State seems to be quite h . u.

A.GC. Ru:-les ('.'-.y 26): Aduls T-'rs out in great nur-trs at
St. Paul on 1Mby 23.






-163-


Washington


R. L. ,ebster (April 20): Damage by beetles to opening
flower buds of red raspberry is reported at Clarkston.


SNOWY TREE CRICKIET (Oecanthus niveus DeG. )


Kansas


Virginia


R. L. darker (May 24): Snowy tree crickets are injuring
raspberry in Kansas City.


BLACP:BERjY

RASPBFRRY ROOT BORER (Fembeeia mar1inota Harr.)

T. H. Parks (May 21): Specimens of the blackberry crown
borer and its dan.ge were received from MQnroe County L'y 13,

ROSE CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.)

Wo A. Thom-s (May 21): Hundreds of these insects v;ere
observed tc-lay on cultivated blackbEzrry at Onley, where
they seet ;C'- be feeding on the opcn -Uo.ru -d Iollen.
Adjacent raspberries were apparently iu' a tacj.:4d by this
insec .


GR.PE

GP2AFj LEiAFHOPPER (Erythroneura comes Say)


New York


Delaware


Ohio


Ne"' York


Delaware


weeklyy YHews Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (May 26):
Grape leafhoppers are numerous on grcrpes in Dutchess County.

L. A. Stearns (:.,y 9): The ,rape leafhopper is abundant
throughout the State.

GRAPE LZAF FOLDER (Desmia funeralis Hbn.)

E.J7. Mendenhall (May 10): An outbreakc of the grape leaf
folder was found in Columxbus on grape leaves.

GRAPE PLUIC MOTH (Oxyptilus periscelidactylus Fitch)

T. H. Parks (Yl'y 21): Larvae of the grape plume moth were
received from southeastern Ohio, Morgan County.


GRAPE FLEA BkETLE (FItic' chalybea III.)


weekly y ITe-s Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (May 26):
The steely beetle is not as bad as usual in Yates County.

L. A. Stearns (Ml-y 20): The grape flea beetle ^irrcd from
hibernation at Yorklyn and Hockessin April 30 and was very
abundant ; cay 5 and 15.






-164-


Ohio


California


New York



Ohio



Tebraska


Utah


:TeT York







South Dakota


Utah



I s.'] 11 1"" on


T. H. Parks O(::y 21): Specimens and da-a.-e i grape :uas
were sent in early in -ay from elnont County,

GnA^ PYLLC:'Fr.A (FP"llo:,era vItif liae Fitch)

Monthly ..7c-s Letter of Los 1- -eles Co. gri. Cons.-,
V7. 14, To. 5 (:'ay 15): The ph.ylloxera survey being con-
ducted by th.e Los Angeles County -rFricultural Co:risso.--r
following the recent eradication of that pest in one vine-
ya'd at San thabriel,has recorded a second infestation in
a vineyard irn- Ai, lately adjacent to the initial infestation.


CUTji r.-.. 7 .- .'- -C 35^.P -L-

I.-PORTLD CURRAi'T 'Cy-.,,(Pteronides ribesii 5c-.

Veekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. '-r. (ay 12):
I.:-s of the imported currant -'ori are common around thc-
Iew'burgh section of Orange County.

.. ,lendenhall (iay 15): i-he imported currant worms
are here again. They are very troublesome, attacking currants
and gooseberries.

H ,. Swenk (I.1y i1): Begin-,ing p-out April 25 and con-
tinuing to date, there rere z:.ny complaints of the stri-inz
of currant and :ooseberry bushes in southeastern :-braska.

CULnL.- T BORR (Svnanthedon tiouliformis Linn.)

G. F. Knowlton (.".ay 6): The currant borer is doing some
damage to currant bushes in Cacne and UTtah Counties.

CUIR-t\lIT HID (y'-us ribis L.)

'Weekly News Letter, :T. Y. State Coll. Ar. ('l.ay): Te
currant aphid 7as very much in evidence in Ulster County
the first wee-k in .'.y, yet not in such large nu.-
bers as to be alarming. This insect was present in most of
the currant.plantings in Orange County by May 12 and a few
plantings in the Ne'burgh section Tere shoring considerable
injury by May 19.

A. L. Ford and H. C.Severin (:-* 20): Infestation -v the
currant aphid is serious in Broou irgs.

G. F. Knowlton (Apnril 29): The- currant aohid is i:-ginr
currants at .foods Cross. (.>, 3): '.e currant a.h-.id is
dta:-ing currants at ...- :rican Forik nd. rovo.

m. :,'. BakIer (.iay 24): Currant aphids are moderately abun3ant,






-165-


CURRAIT FRUIT FLY (Epochra canadensis Loew)

Oregon L. P. Rocklnell and 'viaz iv. Reehor (:, 7): Gooseberry
maggot adults -were emerging at Forest Grove on April 18.


PERS IM1ON

PPSnLdOC:: 3CRE. (Sannina uroceriformis Jalk.)

Mississipni H. Dietrich (May 20): The persir-on root borer is extremely
abundant in a nursery at Lucedale.

A LEAF BEETLE (Antipus laticlavia Forst)

Alabama J. A. Hyslop (>v 22): These beetles are so numerous on
Japanese persimmon at Foley that in some cases small trees
are defoliated.




PEC.T S "-C: .,0? (Laspeyresia caryana Fitch)

Georgia H. S. Adair (.xril 29): Although the season is t0o or
three '7eelcs later tha.- last year, shuckhorm moths have been
emer-lin- normally as compared "'ith last years records. The
first moth to emerge from material kept in outside cages
emerged on March 12 compared -'ith l-arch 19 1ast year.
The first cg-s 7ere found on pecan leaves April 17 as
compared .ith March 30 lbst year. The only larvae observed
so far are found feeding in Phylloxera galls on hickory.

1ississip0Di i. Dietrich (L,_y 20): Gro-n larvae in hickory nut ob-
served a.t Vernal on .ay 13.

J. P. Kislanko (a.y 17): The pecan shuckworms are quite
abunc..:nt in the zalls of hickory Phylloxera; some nov, are
-n t. -e -upal stage in Stone County.

3._ 3U-UOTH (Proteo-teryx bolliana Slink:)

Georgia H. S. Adair (MIay 26): Larvpe are rather abundant on
young pecan trees in the locality of Albany and have caused
considerable defoliation.

PKC.-dT CIGAR CASZ C.x-iLR (Coleophora caryaefoliella Clem.)

Mississippi H. Gladney (7.y 15): The pecan cigar case bearer is
moderately abundant on pec-ns at Oceen Springs.






166-


2-eorgia


l i ssis sios i


Louisiana


,i s sissin:,i


S;orgia


Mississip~i


2ALL .CB3 ;Oi. (H:y)hi .tri n cn -ru.)


..3. dir (:"- 26): I;G fll ceb'-orm ,hich hrs been
abundcnt "t Albrny duri.i- tnh past t-o seasons, is bnin in
to r )S."r in ec;n orch-rds at t:.s tilse.

J. 3.ll (.,.-y 9): ..ests are 'c'ing quitee abu:.-nt in
o:,i C ic-n orc.,L-rds of soutrn -. eor ia.


J. P. :islaniko (M::y 17): -'e pecan cigar case bearer is
uore abundEant this year than it as last year in Stone
County.

rLC." CAS3 B3JAk. ( crobasis jul.-ndis Le-.)

e. Gadnoy (-,?y 15): Thp -oc-n c-s bearer is odmr-
ately abundant on pec-ns st Ocean Sprin7zs.

R. P.Colber (Eiay 19): Ths pecan case bearer is very
abundant in th vicinity of Pascagoula.

J. r. Kislcnko (Y., 17): The pecr case- -:rer
is scarce on the trees h-t ere defoliated by th,- bic:
pecan aphid eariy lest year. On the trees th-t -ere not
defoliated. the c'se bearers are moderately abundant,
-.crJb si: .:a4landis Le3. predominatin; in' Stone County.

.cCAN -JUT CS.L BIAPJS (..crobosis c-r.'-c 3r.t_)

-S. Adair (.oiy 26): The pecan nut case bearer has
caused considr,-b le da-::ae to 'ec-ns in the Jlbrny loc-lity.
Field counts sno17 30 per cent of tr-h nut clusters infested
in mpny orchards. The ixi. oviposition period occurred
bet-cAn Mmy 10 1 nd 20.

J. P. Kislanko (April 25): Injury by the pecan nut crse
bearer to nurs-ry stock :as moderate. Several youn; t-i7s
'ere split open and a dead lIrv:,. was found in prc-ctically
every case in Stone County.

Gldr.I-,- (lay 15): The pecan nut case bearer is
moderately albund-nt oin occins at Ocean Sprinis.

.. ..inds (,a 30): .. .- c .n nut case bearer is doing ]
Luch d tna$' to youna- :ccn nuts in =nny localities,

P3CAN L-J CA3S S--LP (AcrobEsis cr.ua!e -?.-r oeinrich)

J. P. 3islanko (. 17): -.. pec:n leaf c--se bearer is
scarce on the tre s that .:'re defoliat-d early by the blc:
pcc rn rnp-.id 1-ist year. On th1 trees th"t were defoliated
the case bearers are moderately abun' nt in Stone County.







-167-


Mississippi


Georgia


R. W. Harned (May 21): On M.ay 20 a correspondent at
Meridian sent to this office several moths of the fall
webworm that were found depositing eggs on pecan leaves.
On May 19 J. M. Langston observed a moth of this species
depositing e:gs on pecan leaves at A. & M. College.

J. P. Kislanko (May 9): The first note of thefall
webworm was made on this date when several females were
observed ovipositing on the leaflets of pecan in Stone
County.

W'ALNUT CATERPILLAR (Datana inte.-crrimn G. & R.)

J. B.Gill (May 29): Up to date only a few colonies of
the walnut caterpillar have been observed in pecan orchards.


.-i APHID (Miyzocall.s fumipennellus Fitch)


Georgia




Alabama


Mississippi


Georgia


Alabama


H. S. Adair (May 26): Although the black pecan aphid
was present in considerable numbers in som pecan orchards
near Albany earlier in the season, it is rather scarce
at this time.

J. iM.Robinson (..-. 24): Through the dry season the black
pecan aphid has shown up in lrige numbers on pecan foliage at
Auburnr..

J. P. Kisianko (May 19): The black pecan aphid injury to
the foliage of Schley variety of pecan is very noticeable.
The aphid is more abundant on hickory in the woods than it
was the,.previous year at this time in Stone County.


APIhIDS (M.onellia spp.)


0. I. Snapp (Ml-y 15): The little hickory aphid Monellia
caryella is unusually abundant -'t Fort Valley this year,
attacking pecan foliage. ir-tural enemies are also abundant
and may check the infestation, although considerable injury
to the foliage has already been caused.

H. S. Adiir ('-.-y 26): Two species of aphids (Honellia sp.
and Monellia costalis Fitch) are reported as occurring in
pecan orchards at Thomaeville and Cairo in greater numbers than
usual at this time of the year. .Excpt in an occasional
orchard they are not so numerous in this locality (Albany).

J. h.Robinson ('..y 24): "hr.-ugh the dry season Von.lia.
costalis has shown up in large numbers on peca.n foliage at
SpringHill, This note applies to M. nirro-unct-it- Cr'i. also.







-168-


GIAUT APHID (Lorn.istii-ma caryae Harr.)


yississippi


D. *,. Grimes (Miay 19): The giant aphid is moderately
abundant on pecan in Holmes, Attala, and Leake Counties.


PECA: CATOCAXA (Catocala vidu.ta, Guen.)


North Carolina


Mississippi


Florida


Z. P. I:etcalf (May 23): The pecan CntoccJla has been
reported as seriously damaging buds of pecan trees in
,.c: Hanover County.

HICKORY S:IOOT CU:.CULIO (Con'trachelus aratus Germ.)

R. 7. Earned (May 21): The hickory shoot curculio has
attracted a great deal of attention in several counties
in the southern half of the State during the past ionth.
Serious injury to pecan trees was r.:-orted from Jackson,
S> ,zon, Lincoln, Covington, Rankin, Jefferson -avis,
and Jefferson Counties.

PHYLLOXERA (Phylloxera -pp.)

R. *. Harned (.,ay 21): Phylloxera g-.lls on pecan trees
have attracted much attention in certain sections of the
otatot during the past t-o or three weeks. Specimens
identified by A. L. Hamner as those caused Phylloxer.
devastatrix Perg. were received from Jefferson, Issaquena,
Hinds, Yazoo, Sharkey, M.onroe, ,'ashin-:ton, Talleahatchie,
and Sunflower Counties. Galls caused by P. notbilis Perg.
were received from Pass Christian.

C. Hines (-:ay 17): Phylloxera caryaecaulis Fitch is
moderately abundant on pecans at Yazoo City and Rolling
Fork.

;. L. Gray (i'ay 17): ThL hickory phylloxera P. car'.-ecal.1is
is moderately abundant in Adams Court;,.


CITRUS

CITRUS APHID (Aphis soir:ecol,-. Patch)

J. R. ',atson (May 20): Durin- the last week in .'.rril the
green citrus aphid (Aphis spira.c-la) -as broi,-ht under very
satisfactory control by the fu.,us L:-.us%-. frtscn'.ii. Since
then the aphid has no reappeared in large numbers in the
round-orange belt, but has done considerable daoa.e to
t.-n :_rines and satsumas in central Florid-., the dry, hot
weather being unfavorable for the develor.:cnt of the fun--us.






-169-


Florida


California


Texas


Texas


Mississippi


CLO.UDY-.I]TGCED WHITEFLY (Dialeurodes citrifolii Morg.)

J. R. Watson (:.ay 20): The spring brood of whitefly has
been some-i.et more numerous than during the last three years.
The entomogenous fungi, both Aschersonia sp. and Aegerita sp.,
are scarce, oting to the hot, dry weather.

CITROPHILUS .MEALYBUG (Pseudococcus gahani Green)

Monthly :Tens Letter of Los Angeles Co. Agri.CoT-m.,
Vol. 12, No. 4 (April 15): Reports of special inspectors
engaged in the annual citrophilus meal,'bur- orchard survey
bear out early statements to the effect that the situation
r._-grding the mealybug is the most satisfactory, from the
standpoint of control, that it has been since this insect
became a major pest of citrus in Los Ang.-les County. Although
only 45 per cent of the 18,000 acres to be inspected have
been so far covered, the results seem indicative of the
general trend of conditions. On 18 per cent of the 8,130
acres so far inspected, representing 1,448 acres of citrus
recorded as infested last year, no mealybug has been found
this season. Seventy-seven per cent or 6,280 acres have graded
trace to light, while only 4.3 per cent or 350 acres have
graded medium, and 0.7 per cent or 52 acres have graded heavy.

CALIFOpTIA RED SCALE (Chrysomphalus aurantii Mask.)

S. W.Clark (May 14): This insect is generally abundant
throughout the lower Rio Grande Vall.ey..It is reproducing
very rapidly and appearing on young fruit in large numbers.
Appearances point to a bad season in regard to this scale.


A CUTTING ATT (Atta texana Buckl.


S. ,7. Clark (",y 14): These cutting ants are doing severe
dmage to citrus near Mission and Edcouch and they are also
feeding on ornam-ntal dates.


OR.-_'}1 DOG (Papilio thoas L.)


H. Dietrich (May 20): The first specimen of the orange dog
was seen on satsuma at Luced.-le on 1.-y' 14.


CASSAVA

WHITE :.TUSS.L SCALE (Lepidosanhes alba Ckll.)


H. L. Dozier (April 19): Cassava plants at Port-au-Prince
are heavily infested. (DeterrLintd by H. Morrison.) Two
species of primary parasites, Aphytis spp., -ni two secondary
ones, Thyscmus (Signiphora) fax (Gir.) and Thys:nus meculatus
(Gir.), have been reared from this scale; the latter Zp.'cies
is very abundant.


Haiti






-1 in


TR UCY- CR OP I NSE C T S

G.7L,' PEACH A-:17D (",':,"s rpersice Sulz.)


Virginia


G. E. Gould (:.-7 22): Tndivil',uIs of this species
migrated to mran,, trick crops and weeds ,d)rin; C at norfol-,
but have caused no apnrecieble 2amaf-e. Uany winded females
were found on s-rinc cabbage, tomatoes, and eggplant.


VGG-7A-Lr *.'E-7IL (Listroderes oblicuus Gyll.)


Mississippi


!orth Carolins


R. U. Harned. and assistants (May 21): Serious injury to
tomato plants by the vegetable weevil was reported recently
from :."yles, Zkcnezer, and VicksLur. This insect is doing
considerable damage to turnips, carrots, and. tomatoes in the
infested areas.

SPOTTED CUCU1'.-F. .BZE _L (Diabrotica r uogecir.rour..tata Fab.)

C. H. Brannon (May 26): The spotted cucui.,.ber beetle is
unusually severe. damage is reported from all over the Ctate
on early truck crons.


FI-2A BLTLZS (Falticinae)


Indiana



" 3i ne


jississippi


Arizona




Mississippi


Louisiana


J. J. Davis (Iay 22): Flea beetles were reported as
damaging early tomatoes and seedlings at Lafayette "ay 2
and Greencastle May 17.

-. 3. Person (7avy 14): The horse-radish flea beetle
(Phrllotreta armorpciae Koch) is reported as attackir.E horse
radish at Aucusta.

-BLIS2TR 3ETLES (Veloidae)

J. P. Kislanko (:a:' 19): Blister beetles are doinr some
da.iage to '"epns and corneas in Stone County.

C.D Lebert (Ma. 21): A large blister beetle (Te -rodera
erosa Lec.) is affecting truck crops west of Phoenix on land
next to the desert. This beetle is often seen in large
numbers on the desert.

i. 7,. Earned ('.jy 21): -listcr beetles (2picauta lemniscata
Fab.) rere received on .'.-v from Lucedale, where they were
reported as causing injury to beet and cabt :ae plants.

,. A. :oui-Ias (...y 17): A large number of blister beetles
(Z'icncutn 1-nmiiscata Fab.) were fo'-nd in a .-:arden near 2rcowley
this n.-r.An., thou. none v-er p-oresent up to 6 o'clock
yesterday cfterroon. Th'e estles '.ere ftedin" on c't-'.-crs,
tomattoes, c-,oo beans, must,?-., carr)ts, e --pl. nts,and cal'-?7e.






-171-


Louisiana


Texas


Indiana


Michigan





Minnesota


Missouri


Arizona


Utah


W. E. Hinds (May 30): StriDed blister beetles (Epicauta
yittata Fab. ) have damaged potatoes, soy beans, and corn in
spots.

S. U. Clark (May 5): Reports of isolated infestations of
Thicauta vittata Fab. have been received from Veslaco; but the
insect is not generally so abundant at the present time.


S2ED CORNM MAC- OT (Hylemyia cilicrura RTond.)


T. H. Parks (May 21): The seed corn magt-ot has seriously
injured -potato seed nieces in the ground. 'e have received
them from two widely separated counties, and inspected one
county which had about 60 per cent of the seed nieces darrmaged.
Adults were reared and identified by Prof. J. S. Hine. No
reports of drr'---e to seed corn have been received.

J. J. Davis (.:'av 22): Corn need magot reported damaging
corn in Shelby and Union Coiunties, May 10 and 1.3, respectively.

R. H. Pettit (:.M: 27): An unusual outbreak of the seed
corn maggot has just a-Doeared at Romeo in "-icomb County. One
large field was estimated to have lost 50 per cent or more of
the stand of corn. This insect is common with us on beans but
seldom plentiful- in corn.

A. G. Rugrles (::a 26): This insect is moderately abundant
in peas at Fairmont.

H. E. Jaques (May 22): The seed corn maggot is moderately
abundant in Decatur County.

L. Haseman (May 27): During the first part of Hay a nurie-r
of complaints*%;ere received regarding seed corn maggcts
injuring germinating corn and melon seeds.

G. ?. Knowlton (i!"y 3): The seed corn mcggot has been
destroying watermelon seed in a few fields at Centerville.

FALSE CHOICH BUG (:Tysius ericae Schill.)

C. D. Lebert (;.y 21): The false chinch '-u- hos been found
on young grapes in spots throughout the Salt Ziver 'alley.

G. F. Knowlton (Lay 3): False chinch bugs are rather
numerous in occasional fields.


A A' CR1I "'IYKE (Scapteriscus sp.))


South Carolina


F. Sherman (._,' 19): "'.ite a number of complaints of m,.jle
crickets have been received from eastern South
Carolina.




-172-


Alabama


Mississippi


J. M. -obinson (Way 24): -.. mole crickets '-ve show-n up
in large numbers at rall; 3e-2 dur:nr_ the dry weatherr .

H. `J. Harned (:'.y 21): Mole crickets identified by J. M.
LaUr.?ston as Scapteriscus acletus H. & H. were received from
a.'r"nesboro on .ay 9. D.c corresnonlent reported that t.e"
had "ruined a seed bed of tomatoes and 7e->eers."


CAR72'! SLUG (Agriolimax aprestis L.)


Nebraska


iM. H. Swenk (Kay 13): On April 29 a man from rc- jilow
County reported that the slug was already doi-.-. d-:Z-e in his
fruit patch where heavy maulchinz had been arrlied.


POTATO AND TO7:_C


New York


Delaware


Virginia






North Carolina



Georgia


Florida






Kentucky


I ov;a


COLOR.ADC POTATO BEELE (Lertinotarsa decer-ILneata .say)

Tekly I.:s Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Arr. (May): -.e
beetle is occurring in unusual .-imbers in Suffolk county.

L. A, Stearns (.'ar 20): Adults vere first observed at
Hockessin May 9.

P. J. Ch.-r.- ('ay 23): A -orolonged dry period in the
,Torfolk-Portsm-outh district has a-o-arently favorfcc the potato
beetle. It is more injurious than usual. A ie, l.'v-e have
nearly completed their crorth in some fields. The z1: has
been seen on egr-polant and tomatoes, but of course is host
injurious to potatoes.

T,. A. Thb-M. (I:ay 8): The ne-:ly daenosited e-:c ha-ve hatched
and the larvae a:e defolittine -.-sn, acres of -otatoes t
Chad'oourn %,,here no control measures have '"Een e !oye .

C. H. Alden (:.ay 21): ?h Colorado -,otato beetle is scarce
at Cornelia; few old beetles out.

.J. 5. Stone (May 22): About 18 adult specimens iiere
collected at Elkton, St. Johns County, -'May 21. -1. >'*ll
remarked that the insect occasionallv rn-earfr alo th
northern counties. It is believed, ho'.evcr, that is
no record of this insect cs far south as the Hast-xgs Z" strict
of St. Johns County,

'. A. Price (C'y 21): The beetle is moderately abu: da.-t.
Larvae seen on vinus .ay 5.

H. E. JaoeS (::?T 22): T'2.3 beetle is scarce in enr-.- County.
C1 "" venryi ( ne2)
C. Ainslie (y 22): The beetles are alrea-L very numerous
on early-olanted -otatoes at Sioux City. Flants ..re bei:-.
att':ck'd as soon as they appear :cove -ro',.r.n3.





-173-


Minnesota


Alabama


Mississippi


Idaho


Virginia







Florida





Kentucky


Minnesota


K. A. Kirkpatrick (May 9): The beetle is very abundant in
Hennepin County.

J. M. Robinson (May 24): The.-beetle is very abundant at
Auburn.

K. L. Cockerham (April ): This insect v4c found dama7in
Irish potatoes in a garden at Biloxi April 35. Larvae were
quite plentiful.

R. W. Harned and assistants (May): This insect r --ars to
be from moderately abundant to very bundnt, as indicated by
reports received from -oractically every section of the State.

Claude "*%eland (May 32); A few inqui rie o3 re beinp r.2eived
concerning the control of the Colorado potato beetle, v'hich is
generally distributed over the northern part of the State but
does not yet occur in the commercial potato sections of
southern Idaho. -:. first adults v:ere observed on not-toes
in the .Aoscow district or.n 7ay 6.

PCTATO APHID (TIllinoia solanifolii AshnI.)

C-. E. Gould '(May 22): Th1.. potato aphid is th- corn.onc st
species found on truck crops at present. Ov, in to an unusually
hot, dry period during Moay, winged individuels have mi-rtkted
to many cultivated plants and to vweeds. Serious infestations
were noticed on seed sbirnach, egolant, tomato, and potato,
with an occasional record of damage to rotctoes.

J. R. Tatsbn (May 20):' The -notato arihid is still doinrv
consider.t-ble dama,'e to tomatoes in the s.outh-central tart of
the State.

POTATO L-A ?poERo (mSnooascc fa:' Farr.)

W. A. Frice (May 21): The potato lc'-fhLo-per is moderately
abundant.


K. A. Kirkpatrick (May 9):
abundant in Hennepin County.


STOM.ATO SUCy7L7 (Dicmhus minir us Uhlir)

S. W. Cl.rk (May 12): This inrct is generally abunc.-.t
near *eslaco and severe danmae is occurrin'- in occasionrl cses.

A CUHCUL!O (Oml-r- stes cvi-en.is Sharp)

R. K. Fletcher (-oDril 11):' This curculio is rrnortfc to be
very abundant at Garrison, s-riously injurini 3t-!ls of t.- to.


Texas


Tex.- s


T"-.- roteto leaf}.,-,'-c -r i3 very




-174-


IY:PORT?:T CAB3AGE "P.-H (Pieris rape L.)


Ie. York



Indiana


Minnesota


Mississippi


Utah


'eckly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. A-r. (May): Large
numbers of e_-s were being laid in cabbage seed beds in
Onondaea County by thr.e last week in May.

J. J. Davis (Ma.y 22): The cab':".&e worm is dsmac4i'. cablare
at Sheridan and Peru.

K. A. Kirkpatrick (i.'ay 9): The improorted ca'-"iae worm is
very abundant in Hennepin County.

R. W. Harned and assistants (Nay): This insect is doin,:
some damage in Jones and Jasper Counties, and is quite
destructive at Lucedale.

DIAO:-B-CK R '"AOTH (Plutella nacqili-ennis Curtis)

G. F. Knowlton (May 2): An adult was observed ovipositirn
on ?ounq cabbr:-e sets at Farmington.


CAPBACrTE !'AGC-OT (Hylemyia brassicae Bouche)


Connecticut


Montana




Mississipr-i


Alabama


Texas


Virginia



i n icn na


R. B. Friend (May 24): There is an aver2pe ab'.xn-iance of
cabbage ma7ots at lie.- Haven.

W. B.Mabee (May 20): Cabbage mazots are doing more da-mage
than usual in Ravalli County.

ARLEQUIN BUG (Miurgantia histrionica Hahn)

R. W. Earned and assistants (May): Reports of moderate
abundance have been received from scattered localities in the
State and of great abundance from Rosedale.

J. M. Robinson ("E:y 24): The harlequin bu is very abundant
at Auburn.

F. L. Thomas (May 22): The harlequin bua is less alur.d?nt
than usual at College Station, no complaints havin.- been
received this season.

CAB AC-2 APHID (Brevieorvne brassicae L.)

G. Z. Gould (1iay 22): The cabl.cie anhid is unusually
abundant on seed kale end may reduce the yield by 50 per ce-.t
Only a few lice are found on the early cabb'-,e cron.

J. J. Davis (May 22): The cab':aje aohid was abu: dant and
destructive to cabbage- at bourbon. May 18.





-175-


Indiena


North Carolina


Utah


STRA;,SR7 Y LEA7 ROLL1 R (Ancylis -omr t t::.a Frohl.)

J. J. Davis (uay 22): The stra.,:berry leaf roller '.as
reported as damaging stra-b'erries at ?,ill Creek Iay 14.

03 ICTp-?T 7X- I. -C7? (-_aco c__ o'solet na al)

A. Thomas (May 12): T: it -.,ork of this insect is much more
in evidence this season than ever before observed in the
Chadbourn district. It is not likely that any serious damage
will occur.


STRA77_B2RRY COOT "TJVIL (Trachyrhinus ovatus L.)


G. F. Knoivlton (Key 21): The stratwberryr root weevil is
seriously d-. -,in- old strawberry atc'tnes at Logan. The
plants have been oin.0 dov'n very ranidl.- duri-:. the past ree'k.


S TR-CR'- Z"Ir_ T (AntLonomtus sie natus Say)


Ife HampE'.'- i e



Ne'- York



Iaryland


Virginia




North Carolina


7a s?- ,- tc n


P, P TLowry (1ay 28): "- strawberry weevil u:ae recorted
May 26 as doin! considerable injury to a large -ield of
strawberries at Pone-ah.

'.ee4:ly News Letter, Y. State Coll. L.--. (:,ay 19):
There is evidence of the -ork of the stra-berry Yeevil in
Columbia County.

'. T. Cory and assistants ("ay 20): The strswber:- &eevil
is injurious on strawberries anc blackberries.

f. A. Thomas (:ay 21): A stall area of cultivated blackberries
was observed today v.hich had more than 75 per cent of the entire
crop destroyed by this insect. Strawberries in the same
locality seem to be 1cs seriously affected.

W. A. Thomas (April 28): The strawrberrv T.-e-vil reached its
peak of activity on deberries at 7illard this veek. The
outbreak has been unusually severe on the test farm at Chadbourn,
destroying from 40 to 60 per ce.-t of the entire croi. The
injury appeared to be much -reater wl.ere the plants e:e
trained on wire trellis t-?n virre *-erely traind to tsc es.
T-=re "-ere more available buds on the trellised nlant?.

A -:T- (7?'lo--1er-. morbillosa Lec.)

'7m. 7"J. Baker (May 17): This weevil is raisin havoc in a
number of straw-erry fields, bein, particularly noticeable in
ne"- nlntirc-s clone to ol esrted fields t C-rcnr .oundc. C,:
field e; minen :e C as i4- r 45 to 50 acul t -. a -l:--t :nC the











Kansas


Virginia





Indiana




77,ashin.ton


feeding punctures and ega. punctuxrhad practically killed
the plants outright in a week. For the first time concrete
evidence of its breeding in wild stra-'berries in native sod
was obtained.

A SCPI_-PALT., (Diplotaxis sp.)

R. L. Parker (May 22): Diplotaxis sp. was reported attacking
strawberries at Coffeyville. Reported as numerous.

STRFA7BERPY ROOT '70R.M (Paria canella Fab.)

W. A. Thomas (May 21): This insect seems to be widespread
in the strawberry fields in the vicinity of Onley and is
already leaving the foliage filled with irregular holes. Some
of the growers reported that this insect caused the complete
loss of a few acres of strawberries last season.

J. J. Davis (May 22): Strawberry root worm Tas conspicuously
injuring foliage at Tipton May 14.

A SE'7.ID (Aegeria bibionipennis Boisd.)

-m. W. Baker (May 5): Larvae of this motb-were taken in
wild strawberry crowns at Easton.


STR 7'-EERY ROOT APHID (Aphis forbesi 'Teed)


North Carolina


7. A. Thomas (:.ay I): There seems to be an increasingly
large number of these insects in crowns of young strawberry
plants. There the infestation is particularly heavy on the
stems and foliage the plants are dying.


R=D SPIDERS (Tetran.'chus spp.)


Mississippi




New York




Maryland


Florida


K. L. Cockerham (May 10): On two rows of English peas
in a garden at Biloxi practically every plant shoved heavy
infestation. I do not recall as heavy infestation by red
spiders on any crop during the past several years.

"Teekly Ner's Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (Ca.-): In one
field of strawberries in Suffolk County the red spider was
causin- serious dama&.e. Luckily this field was under
irrigation and the insects were easily controlled.

E. N. Cory and assistants (May): The red spider is appearing
on strawberries on the Eastern Shore.

J. R. -?tson (May 20): The red spider is fairly abundant on
str-.w'-erries, beans, and other plants.




-177-


SPITTLE BICS (Cercopidae)


Washinrton


'7m. W. Baker (May 9): T"o species of spittle bugs aEre
rather thick this season, particularly at 7inlock and
Chehalis. Some dwarfing of the plants occurs and the fruit
spurs are seriously injured; in severe cases parctically no
fruit develops on heavily infested spurs.


EXCA AIIT (BATSilachn ccrruot ls.)
M'EXICAN BEAIT }YETIE (;Epjlachna ccrruota Iv'uis.)


Delaware


Virginia















North Carolina



Georgia


Kentucky


Mississipoi


Texas


Virginia


L. A. Stearns (":-Y 20): The first emerencre of the
M!exican bean beetle at Camden occurred "ay 6.

P. J. Chapman (,May 22): The first adult was found in a
snap-bean field M.v 1 and several others were ob-ered May
3 and 4. The dry weather however aneared to retard emergence
and for practical purposes emergence did not start until
after the rains of the middle of May. You-,-- beans an inch or
more long may nox be found in the earliest 'lantin,"s of snap
beans and some picking may be done about June 1., According to
our hibernation cages, rranry beetles survived the winter in this
area. A cage located in a pine woods (Pinus taeda) shows a
36 per cent survival up to this date; and another cage in a
mixed pine and oak woods also shows a 36 per cent survival.
It appears likely that one or more of our cages may eventually
sho"- a 50 per cent survival. The first eggs vere found on
this date.

W. A. Thormas (May 2): 0verwinterin:- adults are attEc-c:KnE
both string and lima beans and ovipositing rather heavily on
the foliage at Chadbourn.

C. H. Alden (May 21): The Mexican bean beetle is scarce
at Cornelia; few old beetles out.

'. A. Price (May 21): The Mexican bean beetle is very
very abundant over the entire State.

Jack Milton (May 20): The Mexican bearn beetle is scarce,
but an adult beetle was found at Ripley.

F. L. Thomas (May 22): The Mexican bean beetle is moderately
abundant in El Paso.


BEAN ISA? B-LTi (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)


P. J. Chapman (iMay 22): Injury wes severe in co.c small
patches of snap beans, starting about May 5 and subsidin,
considerably at this date.





-178-


NTorth Carolina




South Carolina



Georgia



Mississippi


Mississippi


'7. A. Thom-'s ("-ay 9): re.rs and co7peas at ahad'o-;rn sre
suffering rather severely from attacks of the bean leaf beetle.
Already the y'ounr- plants have much of the folia--e riZ'-led by
this insect.

?. Sherrrn (:.",' 19): The '-ean leaf beetle .as been reported
a number of times, uiusally with plent,.56f srecimens to show
its aburtda r,!e.

S. C. Chandler ('ay 16): The bean leaf beetle did
moderate to severe injury to green beans in the southern end
of the State.

R. Wo. Harned and assistants (May): Bean leaf beetles were
reported as abundant on garden beans at Hattiesbur-r, Senatobia,
and Collins duri:-.- the last week in April. The corresoonent
at Collins wrote: "The beans in this garden were about four
inches high. The leaves on the plants were eaten entirely up.'
This insect is doing some da-a.ye in the vicinities of Laurel,
Corinth, Ocean Springs, and Yazoo City, and serious injury has
been reported from Jonestown.

IMBRICATIED SOUTT B3ZTLE (I:icaeru1s imbricatus Say)

R. W. Harned (May 21): Specimens were received on A.ril 22
from Hattiesburg, and on A.-oril 29 from Leakesville, %.-here they
were reported as fairly abundant on garden bIeans.


EAIT APHID (A-his rwumicis L.)


Virginia


G. E. Gould (::7 22): After being practically absent in the
vicinity of Norfolk last year, the bean aphid has been four-d on
beans and several weeds this sorinc.


PEAS

PEA IT-'D (Illinoias nisi Kalt.)


Virrinia


N. Corv and assistants (May 20): Pea tj4.?e are worse on
the Eastern Shore than for many years.

G. E. Gould (May 22): This insect has been observed on
vetch, alfalfa, clovers, -arden peas, and sweet --':',s at :Torfolk.
Individuals are not so nuinerous as last year.






CCUIV.PRS

1,ELOC APHID (Aphis Tossyii Glov.)


Virginia




Florida




Mississippi


Florida


Delaware


North Carolina




Minnesota


Mississi-Oni



Arkanrs s


Ne'w York


G. E. Gould (.L:av 22): This aphid is appearing earlier
than last year, having been found on squash, cantaloupe and
cucumber. There have been no reports of serious infestation
yet.

J. R. 7;:Ttson (May 20): The melon aphid became ouite
abundant and widespread on watermelon the last da7s of Aoril,
-,IS
but has been brought under control by -,menoptero parasites,
so that very little injury is being done.

H. Dietrich (I'ay 20): Melon aphids ,ere very bad in a
watermelon fie!d at Vernal previous to MIay 13.

,TLOiT 7ORKM, (Diaphania hyvalinta L.)

J. R. V7atson (May 20): The melon worm is -rovin7
troublesome in many parts of the State, particularly to summer
squash and cantaloupe.
STRIPED OUC -T "TE
ST. 3UCDUTJB3:R ....,E- (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

L. A. Stearns (May 20): First adults of the stri-'ec
cucumber beetle were observed at Bridgeville May 9.

'T. A. Thomas ( :ay 5): A large number of grol rs at
7C'-?."bourn report great hordes of these insects an-pearin7'
suddenly in their fields and in some cases almost 2estro"ing
the crop over night.

K. A. Kirkpatrick (May 9*: The strained cucumber beetle is
very abundant in Hennenrin County.

R. '. Earned and assistants (::lay): This i-nsect is:ci.r
reported as from moderately a:u'irirt to very abundant Jin
practically all sections of the State.

D. Isely (May 23): The striped cucumrier beetle mrcderatel,
abundant in. the cEntalouoe sections of the Arkansas River
bottoms, and practically abse.-.t in the sout:1-ecstcrn -oart of the
State.


O^IC:IS

O.:IO:I ::AG T (Yvle'TY.-- P tic. ,- i>eeig.

.Tehkcy News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Apr. (May): The
adults were emer-ing rapidly in "illiamson County before the













oerth Carcline




Indianc


Nev, York


Utth


cool weather of the week of .My 19, rhich checked them
somewhat. The first flies were observed in the field on
M[ay 15, which is earlier than last -.les'. 1ies were
observed in large numbers in Oswego County .b5 22.

". A. Thomas ('"v 10). There is a very general infestation
of this insect on onions in this section ("fbo'rn). In
many c.-rdens the 7rer..er rart of the enii'er.is is alrea'"
eaten from the foliage.

F. K. Riley ('-'.v 20): lMagiot flies began emer-iw.- in the
lborator-'. ::.oaot flies are observ d daily in onion fields,
in baited traps, and in bait pans. A small number of e:--s
vere found at the 7. Thwvaittfarm; these werE near a baited
flytrap.

J. J. Davis ("a7: 22): The onion rn2r-.ot is reported as an
important nest at Sheridan, Cromwell and Coranna.




A.: 'RTS FLY __Psia rose Feb.)

Weekly News Letter, N. Y. State Coll. Agr. (:.:a, 19):
Carrot rust flies are ki an early appearance in
-i ... n ealy ppearance in
Wailliamson County. Flies -,ere present 1'a" 14 in a ca-C which
was put up the day before, so it is quite possible that the
first emergence was several days earlier.


:-E-: LZr ZHOPXI. (Eutet-ix tenellus a-.)

C-. G. Schiweis (,:ay 20): Th. beet l':afhop.er is reported
as beinr vDresent in lir.i.ted numbers at Fallon.

G. 7. knowlton (May 19): Beet leaf hoc'-:rs are moderately
au> rnt in northern Utah. A number succeeded in passirs
over tIe winter, and a new generation is cornL". on. A fe.
nv1 bs in the second and third instar have been taken. ?
to &t- only a few7 of the beet fields have been invaded at
: `ne, 9est Garland, Bothwell and Salt L'.-.. T7.t cold,
storm-,r 'c -ther has been holding back the insects as well as
the beets. (May 24): Males of the bet leafhopr'r 7ere
collected v.est of Corinne, south of L:7-no, at :O5cO, -nd at
3no-;v -ille.










Utah


North Carolina


SUGAR T:-ET FLEA.S BEBTLE (Monoxia zruncticollis Say)

G. F. Knowlton (May 3): Flea beetles are usually les
abundant on sugar beets in Salt Lake and Utah Counties
than in Box Elder and Weber Counties. (:May 13): Black
flea beetles are still doing some damage to sugar beets at
Thatcher, Garland and Tremonton, but in most places they
are less abundant than two weeks ago.


TOBACCO

TOBACCO FLEA 7??TLE (Epitrix parvula Fab.)

C. H. Brannon (May 24): Injury which started in plant
beds in rapidly spreading to tobacco in the field.


GAR*E'T SFI ""TAIL (Smithurus hortensis Fitch)


Massachusetts


A. I. Bourne (.ay 22): Tobacco a rov.ers in the Connecticut
Valley are being troubled considerably this year by garden
springtails which are working in the tobacco beds.


TODACCO 2'U "P: (Chloridea ".irescens Fab.)


Florida


F. S. Chamberlin (May 5): Tobacco budworms are unusually
scarce for this season of the year in Gadsden County.


Florida


F. S. Chamberlin (M1ay 22): Tobacco hor.""rms are very
abundant at the present time.


SUTGARCA-E

SUJGARCA:'. B'PZR (Diatraea saccharalis Eab.)


Florida





Louisiana


7. E. Haley (:.:ay 12): A very low infestation of the su-ar-
cane borer was found in the 'ver-lades section of Florida,
'"ith th exce-otion of a vall area at Canal Point. 7.cr
Sarasota, ho-ever, the infestation was very heavy. At
Fellsnere, Indian River County, no borers could be found.

T. E. Holloway and J. 7. Ingram (I.!ay 22): A few corn pl.3.ts
containing larvae of the sugarcane borer were founc toer',r
in a *'arden near Raceland. To borers were found in the
general field olantin-rs of corn. Today ve founc a number of
yvoung sugarcane -c-lants killed b"-, the s-orer near Houa. Hou'ay
contained larvae of various sizes anr? one puxa.


: ,rC? :7:?'S (Proto-parce spp.)






-182-


Louisiana


W. E. Hinds ('.:av 30): The sugarcane borer is unusually
scarce throughout the su-arcane section un to this time.


SU7--.A"'T ZT7TZ (Euetheola r-T-i.cens L-c.)


Louisiana


Louisiana


T. E. Holloway and J. 'W. Ingram (April 25): --Th -;.rcane
beetle has appeared in fields of s'iarc^'.e in southern
Louisiarna, but the damage so far noted has been nelizible.

17. E. Hinds (May 30): Su'arcane beetle is more abundant
than usual and is d:smcing stars of corn o.- su-arcane in
more localities and on a wider variety of soil t'es than
heretofore. 7Ve are starting an intensive st-,dy of this
*eetle as a cane and corn pest in louisiana.


RI CE

RICE 7ATER ,JVTL (Lissorhoptrus simr.lex Say)

W7. A. Douglas ('.ay 24): The weevils are pre.-nt in about
the same numbers as in 1929. Very slight injury is noted to
the leaves of young flooded rice, where water ras recently
been put on. No injury has been observed that is noticeable
without close inspection.


SLC'frCAM7 Y==:L- (iuethe ola .vicens Lec.)


Louisiana


Nebraska


'7. A. Douglas (May 24): Fields of young rice have been
examined during the month, and the injury from the sugarcane
beetle varies from slight to very heavy. In a few fields
more than 50 per cent of the youn.-r stalks on the levees and
high places in the fields have been chev.ed off. Injtr' is
greater than in 1929.


F O R E S T AN D S FT A D E T P. Z 'S Z 0 7 S

3AT71 .0rM ( r'*- o r .o erv e r--e erefornis HEaw.)

:. H. Swenk ('.y 13): On Aoril 22 a Fawnee Count..
corresDondent reported that the bagworm was destroyin-7 a
fine windbreak of 35-year-cld cedars on his place.

SATIN ::C; (Stilr.notia salicis L.)

H. 3. Peiraon (ray 15): This promises to b'e a heavy insect
,-er; the satin moth is very abundant in the vicinity of
Au usta.

GIPSY ::H (Porthetria Oisoar L.)

H. 5. Peirson (,:y 15): A heavy infestation of th.e gincy moth
is expected this y2r.





-183-


SPRING CANKER WCOF.i'S (Paleacrita vernata Peck)


Minnesota


Kansas








Maryland


R. N. Chapman (May 26): The sorinr canker worm is abundant
along the Mississippi River near Fort Snellin2.

H. B. Hungerford (Kay;29): Spring canker worms are defoliati;.
elm trees in woodlands in Douglas County.


ASH

ASH SA'7,FLY (Tomostethus bardus Say)

E. N. Cory (':-'7 20): The ash sawfly occurred in large
numbers in the vicinity of Riverdale, defoliating practically
all the ash trees.


ASH LEAF BUG (Neoborus illitus Van D.)


California


South Dakota



Nebraska


Nebraska


E. 0. Essig (May 17): This insect caused leaves of the
infested trees to turn yellow.


BOXELDE?.

BOXEBDL, APHID (PeriDhyllus negundinis Tho-.as)

A. L. Ford and H. C. Severin (.May 20): The boxelder aphid
is more severe in eastern South Dakota than it has been for
the past ten years.

M. H. Swenk (May 13): The boxelder aphid was abundant and
injurious on boxelder durir,- the first half of May.


ELM

A LEAF BEETLE (Callirrapha scalaris Lec.)

M. H. Swenk (iMay 13): On April 21 a correspondent reported
that the elm trees along Elm Creek in .]',bster County vrere
infested with thousands of leaf beetles which were. eating the
buds and young leaves as fast as they came out. Injury by
this species occurred in June, 1929, in the same locality, and
along the Republican River ea.t to >uckolls County and v.est to
Furnas County.


7LM SCURFY SC.LI (Chionasois americana Johns.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 13): An u;.u:u.cl number of complaints of
infestations of white elms by the white e el- scale have been
received.










Ohio


Connecticut




Newv York




Alabama


Connecticut


7 LM SCAT (o__'rar4a Br'Iria Modfe~r)

E. W. Mendenhall (May 10): The elm shade tr-es in Si- ey
(Shelby County) are ouitc badly infested.


LARCH

LARCH CASE .-h&T2-- (Coleo-ohora laricella bn.)

H. B. Peirson (7aylD): 1h a larch cae c.rer 'irati to
foli:--". in the vicinity r.f f.-,'-.ta 12. A very heay
outbreak is occurri:-.. '-"r.4ty-five per cent of the trees
are alreaO.-.' comnoletely defoliated. Repeated :foliations
by this insect have killed concid-rable larch in this section
of Maine. "Te ha. not succeeded i: rearing any parasLtes.


I'^_PLE

MAPLE 77: YCULA (:Toticula sericorpeza Zell.)

E. P. Felt (l.,ay 26): The moths ar. somoevhat com.-on on
'.or%,ey moles in southern Fairfield County. I is -ossible
that this insect mray: be sornme.'hat injurious and cause a
considerable dropping of foliage.

E. p. Felt (,.' 26): -The moths are somc"hat coraron on
;orway maples in portions of Testchstcr county.

CCOTTCOIY LAPLE SCALEJ (r'ulvinaria vitis L.)

J. L. Robinson (I.,ay 24): cottony male scale '.'7s
shov.wn u, in !ar nurm.bers on .:l leaves et irinehai.




A LEAF ROL (A-r-vroto..a semniDurnurana :e. r)

E P Felt ( 6:y 25): Oak leaf rllers, mostly Ar :tc
S*:.inurpurana, are cxcecin'2ily obu- ant and i-.j'urious to oks,
especially red ooks, in sout'".- st rnI oonnocticut, hl: to
th<. --fourt isof the foli' in'.i feotrvc at th n-resnt
tirmE. This insect has ':n iniuriouz for sc"er;-l "esrs.








PIIIE


Ohio


Ve rmo nt


Connecticut


New Jersey


!a i ne


Connecticut


Minnesota


North Carolina


PIPE P.AT-" APHID (g,-rn-s -oinicorticis Fitch)

E. W. Mendenhall (May 14); An outbreak of the pine bark
louse on pine trees is occurring at I7illoughby and at Mentor.

FTR-PEAN PI-pi SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)

H. L. Bailey (May 26): Many pine tvwig moth larvae ,-.L'e
found in burrows in a Jack pine plantation at Lv'."'d on; also
in native Pinus riida at Hartland and Scotch pine at Essex.

R. B. Friend (:'av 24): Infestation of red pine around
New Haven is apparently increasing.

T. E. Snyder (Csv 31): This insect is injuring pines at
the State Hospital at Bergen.

,HIET PI'B Z'"IL (Pissodes strobi Peck)

H. B. Peirson (ia'sy 15): The white pine reevil was
active April 15.


PI:U UF SCALE (Chionas-pis rinifoliae Fitch)


Neely Turner (Yay 20): Zg.rs at New Haven hatched from
May 8 to 15, which is 10 days earlier than in 1929.

A. G. Ruftles (May 26): The pine leaf scale is very
a-und:-rnt at Lake City, St. Paul and iinneopolis. Eggs b-a
hatching at Leke City on May 6 and in the latter named locality
on May 8 and voere still hatchin-.- at both places on May 23.

ITORT:IRU :COE CRICKET (Gryllotalkna hc.a'dactyla Perty)

F. H. Claridge (_Mrv 2): Spccimens of two insects caught
in the 7Tursery of the State Conservation and Development
Department near Clayton, were determined by A. if. Caudell
as Gryllotalpa h:xadactyla Perty. The insects were not caught
in the act of eating the seedlings, but small runways very
much resembling a minirure mole path were found. The seedlings
attacked are lonFleaf, shortleaf, slash, loblolly, and some
red pine which were being used to experiment with. The
seedling is usually pulled down into the ground anc1 the stem
eaten off. The greatest d&ma-:e is noticed in seedlir'-s
ranging from a month to three months old.






















;'a i ne


W sconsin






Illinois


Noe ,: 7~ .:- I-- n ,
'..:w Jersey and
-;-w York





Ohio


SPv._'C ?'.'T'.-- (Harmoloaa furmiferana Clem )

Monthly Letter of Bur. :r.t., U. S. A., :o. 192 (April):
The ->ficiency Bill carried 110,000 for experi.mental control
of the spruce budvrorm in the Co,' Canyon of the -J.-i.'rne
National Forest. This is the cast entrance to the Yel':stonr
'Totional Park. A severe infestation of thc sr ruce bu'. u rm has
been progressing here for three or four years.

A L ":F M =:T. (`-,inoti: n-nana .r itschke'

H. B. Peirson (May 5): This insect (:-Einotia nanana)
promises to do a great deal of da-n.-e.

L. Chambers (April 25): The s-racu:, nee.:Ie miner is
being reported more abundant than usual on spruce in
southern 'Wisconsin. It is becc,':rt more serious on our
ornamental evergreens. (May 22): This in:-.zt is doi.-_-
severe d-.ace this year. S-eci .ns are co n. .- to this office
every day.

W. P. F'lint (H.ay 19): The spruce leaf miner has been sent
in from several points in nortrxrn Illinois W.ith the report
that it is causing very serious i.vLu.,r.

STPJ7CZ- GL-'- .-L D (CCcrmes abietis L.)

E. P. Felt (May 26): 'This insect is -'z.*: rlly.. present
in the Nev- Jersey, '.- York, and "Nel- nlanw area and is
somewhat loc--l in holbit, occasional trees or -r:.u- of
trees beinc- badly infested, while others, even those near
by, 7av be nearly free. 7h indications are that there Vill
be at least a moderately good sized ""neration this season.

E. -. Mendenhall ('vr 14): 3oc snDruce ^sll aphids are
present in blocks of spruce at 7Tinesville, ..k. :--ty.














Georgia


Missouri



Nebraska



Utah




Florida


Ohio


North Dakota


Connecticut


-187-

INSECTS AFFECT I N GREENHOUSE AND

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS AND LAt7NS

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

0. I. Snapp (May 20): Aphids are apparently more
abundant here this year than usual. They are damaging
plantings around homes.

L. Haseman (May 27). Snowballs, common spirea, as well as
shade and fruit trees, have developed unusually heavy in-
festations of plant lice through central Missouri.

M. H. Swenk (May 13): Snowball aphids (Aphis viburnicola
GilL.) were abundant and injurious on snowball during the
first half of May.

G. F.Knowlton (May 19): Two species of aphids are damaging
snowball bushes in most parts of northern Uteah.

A SPANWORM (Melanchroia chvphise Cram.)

J. R. '.atson (.y 20): Heavy infostations of caterpillars
occurred in Polk County on the ornamenntal plant Phyllanthus.
Large hedges of this plant were practically defoliated.

GREENHOUSE WHITEFLY (Tri.le urodjs vcorariorum .7est-.)

E. W.Menxidenhall (April 30): Pelargonium, salvia, ageratum,
lantana, heliotrope, fuchia, hibiscus, and geranium are badly
infested with the greenhouse whitefly in some of the green-
houses in Springfield, Clark County.


FUNGUS GLIATS (Mycetophilidae)


J. A. Munro (May 21): Specimens of fungus gnat larvae
(species undetermined) were received from Judson, Morton
County, on I.&y 16. They were reported as being abundi-nt
in hotbeds and responsible for stunting the development
of young plants.


ARBORVITAE

LRBORVITAE LEAF MINER (Argyresthia thuiella Pack.)

M. P. Zappe (May 12); This insect is causing considerable
injury on ornamental plantings of arborvitae.


A'T APHID (Dilachnus sp.)


H. Gladney (..y 15): An aphid (Dil:ch"u", sp.) is very
abundant on arborvitae at Ocean Springs.


1~r.






-188-


Ohio


Delaware


Mississippi


Texas


Ohio


Maryland


D. .7. Grimes ('.:;y 19): :ilachnus sp. is very abundant in
Holmes, Attala, and Leake Counties.

EUROPEZ"T FRUIT LZCA}IUM (Lulccamium corni 3'_c.e)

E. W. ;.endenhall (May 26): The European fruit lecanium
is quite bad on arborvitae in a nursery at Cincinnati.


BOXWOOD
B O]CW 0 OD

BOXWOOD LEAF ZII1iER (L:onarthroo2lpus buxi Labou)

L. A. Stearns (:.-ay 20): First emergence of the boxwood
leaf miner at Wilmington occurred Iiay 10.


C *IT 0

CANA LEA ROLLERS (Calpodes -thlius Cram.)
(Geshna cannabis Quaint.)

R. '7. Harned (::ay 21): The canna leaf rollers are
beginning to make their appearance at various ol-ces.
Complaints accompanied by specimens havelrtc iv.d from
different parts of the State.

F. L.Thomas (May 20): W7orms of all sizes of the larger
canna leaf roller are rather abundant on cannas. This insect
has appeared the last several years about this time.


IRIS

*IRIS BOKLER (Macronoctua onust? Grote)


E.":. i.:endenhc.ll (iay 26): The iris borer is bad in m.ny
plantings in the State, where plants have been long st,-nai.ng.

SPOTTED CUCU. BER B321TLE (Diabrotica duodeci=unctatn F-b.)

J. A. Hyslop (Nay 28): At Avenel these beetles are
seriously disfiguring the very late varieties of iris by
feeding on the petals. They spend the night beneath the
falls and in the throat of the blossom.


A .10OTH (Cnephasia longn.n". Haw.)


.m. a. Boker (:'y 12): This pest was present in Portland
in fair numbers in the buds of two kinds of iris, riddLn- the
buds with fine holes.


Oregon






-189-


POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashz.)


Washington, D. C.


J. B. Parker (.,ay 1): Aphids which are dam-ing iris
plants at Brookland, D. C., have been determined by P. W.
Mason as Illinoia solanifolii.


ITA-F.CISSUS

BULB 'MITE (Rhizoglyphus hyacinthi Boisd.)


Ohio


E. .7. Mendenhall (:'.-y 3): '>.,ny narcissus bulbs in
plantings at Dayton are affected by bulb mites, which are
probably a secondary cause of narcissus troubles.


OLEhAijER PHID (Aphis nerii Fonsc.)


Mississippi


G. L. Bond (May 18): Aphids are vory abundant on
oleander around the City Hall nt Lnurol.


PRIVET

A MITE (Phyllocoptes sp.)


Maryland


Ohio


E. N. Cory and assistants (May 20): A Phyllocoptes mite
is reported quite generally on privet.


OBLIQUE-BA-DED LEAF ROLLER (Cacoceir- rosacen-.r Harr.)

E. W. Mendnh.-ll (May 14): Found th- rose leaf tyer
quite numerous in a rose plantation at Willoughby, Lake
County.


BRISTLY ROSE SLUG (Clhdius isomerus Nort.)


Ohio


E. W7. Mendenhall ('-y 15): I find the bristly rose slug
bad again in Columbus. It seems to be especially bd on
the climbers and soon destroys the leaves.






-! -0-


SPIRAEA APHID (;phis spiraecola Patch)


Indiana


ITcbraska


Kansas


Mississippi


J. J. Davis (:.:ay 22): Spiraea aphids were reported
abundant at Clayton Lay 12.

M.. H.Swenk (May 13): The spiraea aphid was abun a .t
and injurious on spiraea during the first half of ":.y.

R. L. Parker (May 22): Spiraea aphids were re-ported
on spiraea from Chanute.

G. I. ,7orthington ("-.y 14): Spiraea in Coahoma, Bolivar,
Sunflower, and Washington Counties is generally infested
by aphids, but the dazrs..c is of minor importance.


A .MEALYBUG (Pseudococcus sp.)


Connecticut


Connecticut



Tf"' Jersey



Nebraska



K,--nsas


Utah


.7. E.Britton (May 20): This insect is vfr; abundant
on Taxus from Japan. Specimens ',re first identified
in 1924 as P. ju .: but Prof. -'erris h-.Gs pointed
out that kr.-.ui- i:. is very different,


I N S E C T S A I TACK ING AN AND

DOMESTI C AN I M A L S



CLOVER ITE (Brvobi? nr-'tic Foch)

.7. E. Britton (May 21): Clover it.s are crawling over
the side of a house in "7 Haven :-. a school in New Britain;
also found inside.

R. B. Lott ('...ay 6): Mites were vr,- abundant on .n estate
at Princeton, where they entered the house :xnd caused much
.nnuyance over a period of six weeks.

M. H. Swenk (':-y 13): At Lincoln several housek&eLpers
cOmoplin.d of an cabunJ-nce of the clover =ite in the house
during th- last week in April and the first w-eek in Mc'.y.

R. L. r-rkor (.* 2'): The clover mfite is reported on
wheat ntar Wichita.

G. F. Knowlton (:May 9): Thb brr'-. mite is d-a.'aing
potatoes in the experime'.t.l greenhouse at Lo:-n.





.191-


FLEAS (Siphonaptera)


Missouri


L. Haseman (May 27): Numerous complaints have been re-
ceived during the month regarding serious epidemics of fleas,
particularly on hog farms.


CHIGGER (Trombicula irritans Riley)


Mississippi


H. Dietrich (May 20): Chiggers are very abundant every-
where in southern Mississippi.


HORSE

HORSE FLIES (Tabanidae)


Mississippi


H. Dietrich (May 20): Horse flies (several species) are
very abundant in George, Stone, and Jackson Counties, causing
much annoyance to cattle and mules.


SHEEP

SHEEP TICK (Melophagus ovinus L.)


Missouri


L. Haseman (:.ay 27): Sheep ticks are worse than they
have been in six years in north-central Missouri.


HOUSEHOLD AND STORED-

PRODUCTS INSECTS

TEPMITES (Reticulitermes spp.)


Maryland


South Carolina


Illinois


Kansas


,.'4 .q-. ..


E. N. Cory and assistants (May 20): Termites seem to be on
the increase in Baltimore.

F.Sherman (May 19); Several inquiries and complaints have
been received this spring of termites in woodwork of residences.

W. P. Flint (May 19): Many reports of termite damage have
been received.

R. L. Parker (May 22): Termites were reported in Manhattan
in six houses and in tomato plants from April 20 to May 20.
They are also reported from Leonardville, Wamego, Medicine
Lodge, Wichita, Eureka, and Oberlin in houses and farm
buildings, and in Wichita in a storage building of a flour
mill. .




po'.
t i





4192-


OLD HCUSE BORER (Hylotrupes baJulus L.)


North Carolina


Z. P. :.etcalf (:.ay 12): It is reported that one of the
powder-post beetles practically coiroletely destroyed the
timbers of a barn 40 by 60 feet.


ANTS (Formicidae)


Ohio


Michigan


Nebraska











Kansas
and
Missouri



1ississippi


Maryland





Mississippi


T. H. Parks (May 21): Complaints of damage by ants to
lawn grass have been received regularly during the month.
7e have had very dry weather during the past eight -ecoks,
which may be responsible.

R. H. Pettit (0jy 16): Ants are very plentiful in lawns
and in dwellings this year.

iC. H. Swenk (:.y 13): Complaints of injury in l-.ns and
gardens, and annoyance in houses by ants, have continued
to come in abundantly during the period here covered. As
during the early part of April, these have mostly related
to Formica fusca L. doing injury out of doors. Ants
reported as annoying in houses included the little red ant
(Ionomorium pharaonis- L.,), the common large carpenter ant
(Camponotus herculeanus pennsylvanicus DeG.), and one case
eabh of t-he field t.nt-(Lasius niger neoniger Lmery) and
Prenolepis imparis Say, the t-o last mentioned species
from H01ot.County and Colfax County, respectively.

R. L. Parker (M.ay 22): Ants were reported on peony at
Kansas City. Carpenter ants were reported in a house at
Manhattan and in lawns and strawberry beds in Kansas City,
Kans. and :'o. Red ants were reported in lawns a-ni a base-
ment at Kansas City, Ivo.

1. L. Douglas (May 15):' Quuite a few of the native ants,
such as the honey ant, fire ant, tiny black ant, etc., nre
showing up now in Yalobusha, Gr-nala, and MoihtgCm5ry Counties.

ARGENTINE ANT (Iridomyvrmcox humilis Mayr)

E. 'N. Cory ('.'-y 27): The Argentine ant was found in the
Clifton Park greenhouses on .February 6, and subsequently in
tlhe Carroll Park and Druid Hill Park grenfhouses in Baltimore,
but not in any commercial gruenhousu establishment.
(Identification by M. R. Smith.)

I. D. Peets (Nay 21): The 'poisoning campaign agA-.inst the
*Argentine ant conducted in '.arch, 1930, seems, so far, to be
giving excellent results. Nuaburs have reported as not being
bothered with ants, while no one has reported any complaint
in Copiah, Simpson, Lincoln, Lawronct, and Jefferson Davis
Counties,






-i93-


Nebraska


J. P. Kislanko (May 5): Many winged males of the Argentine
ant were noticed in one colony at Bond on May 5.

W. L. Gray (May 17): The Argentine ant is very abundant
in the vicinity of Natchez.

A WASP (Polistes pailioes L.)

M. H. Sw7enk (;4y 13): A Sherman County correspondent
reported that this social wasp built its nests in great
abundance in his barn and about his house and that the
insects were a great nuisance, buzzing around like flies
and occasionally stinging if disturbed.


A LONG .-G*R; 3TLL (C,-r-Libycido.e)


Indiana


J. J. Davis (:,y 22): A ccrambycid larva was received
from Wheatlemand, May 9, with the information that it had
issued from a 1-inch wooden bottom of a chair which had
ben in possession of the correspondent for 33 years.
The wood of the chair bottom was supposed to be mahogany,
but perhaps was only a hardwood with mahogany finish.


MITES (Tyroglyphidac)


Massachusetts


J. V.Schaffner, Jr. (May 12): A Massachusetts
corporation (manufacturers of felt products) sent in
samples of their product that is used for visors of caps.
They had noticed that some of the material was stre,'-d
and spotted, and had their chemist .r.ke an investigation.
He found numerous small creatures crawling on the sa.mples
examined. It developed that, as this material is cut in
large sheets and stacked in piles, perhaps 5 feet high,
before it is entirely dry, it made conditions suitable
for mites to breed. On arrival here the s-.7Is were dry
and all specimens were dead.


A l-ITE (Hr ,0mogam-sus sp.)


11iew York


,. Moore (May 12): A pest which is causing us trouble
is a mite which Dr. Ewing determined as a species of
Haemogamasus, This mite originally came to us in a bag of
rabbit fur infested with clothes moths. "ae again observed
it in a rug, infested with clothes moths, obtained in
Yonkers, the same rug previously mentioned containing
parasitized clothes moths. I have no positive proof as yet,
but feel very confident that this mite is attacking thu eggs
and larvae of the webbing clothes moth! This is rather in-
teresting, as the species of this genus are considered
parasites of moles and field mice.


* Tineola biselliella Hum.






UNIVERSITY 0F FLORIDA

II I III II II II I' I
3 1262 09244 5286


t .


~, to '


I V. >