The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00171

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive,


Volume 10 April 1, 1930 Number 2


BUREAU


OF ENTOMOLOGY


UNITED STATES


DEPARTMENT OF


AGRICULTURE


AND


THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013










http://archive.org/details/insect1930no2
















INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 10 April 1, 1930 "'o. 2


OUTZ''TAYDING EITOM~OLOGICA'L .U IS I, THE U'I-T1D ST.3 FOR 1930

Present indications are that white grubs will be unusually destructive
in the East Central States and northward into '.;isconsin.

The pale western cutworm and the army cutworm are already appearing
in destructive numbers in several of the Western States from Oklahoma to
Nebraska. Reports have also been received of serious cutworm damage from
the Gulf region.

The Hessian fly -as first observed on the Ting at lIanhattan, 7ans.,
on March 19.

The green bug is reported as being very abundant in south-central
Kansas.

By the third week in M.arch adults of the alfalfa weevil were becoming
active in Nevada.

The pea aphid was starting to infest peas in t",e trucking sections
of Virginia during the last week of arch, and alfalfa '."as very seriously
dam.agAd early in the month near Fresno, Calif.

:ruit aphid egzs were starting to hatch in the third week in archh
in Delaware, central Illinois, and Ohio.

Heavy winter mortality of the codling moth is reported from Idaho,
Utah, and ashington. The mortality in the Pacific -,orthwest a'ss in
larvae above the snoti line, so the actual survival is much higher than
this mortality would indicate. Larvae 'ere commencing to pupate in New'
iexico in the latter part of the montn.

The eastern tent caterpillar seems to be less numerous than usual
in -Te.r England and normal or above normal in numbers from Vir.inia south-
ward. Esgs were observed hatc-in- during- the second -'eek in Miarch in


-43-







....c.., .n. t.. nts !-ere -n st.,rtcJ rlri the latter ,d-r-t of the onth
in t5 Ca3roliras, s eorgia, i V:irgi.is.

:: e apple .aatot is reort.i for t firt te in nq County
the extrer.r.e ortheastern Dart of 'eor o-.
: e~~a nuoo e re- L t '-e" -
eEuropean re 2L t e,:-s to be ncr3scsD in in the
ast Central States, particularly in t-e hort.-ern States. i insect
has recently becoc:e established in central California.

s of the fruit tree leaf roller ar2 -oresent in suffi-ci4e.t n.. .ers
t) indicate trouble in .Visconsin, "nile in the infested ,rts of Iso
this insect is extremely scarce.

duIts of the plur- curculio .1Jean leaving hibernation in rather
larsie na..bers by .'.rch 17 in the G-eorgi fruit belt, 'hile ; to the
third- eei in the month no a llts >a oeen. seen in Del-ere and "ir:inia.
This er.erience is unusually late -nd. a; :r=vnt the develo- ent of a
second- brood before the gilbert harvest in tne so-athern oart of the
Atlantic Coast reion.

The unusual abundance of the citrus aphid, in Tlorida, r::orted in
the last number of the Survey bulletin, has been very -.terially reduce-
b, severe dashing rains.

Report.' of serious da::a:-:e y t.- vw- t;i3 c-vil continued to be
received from .ississs- ;i :urin i March. This insect is now 4no- to oc-
cur in portions of ten counties in the San -Francisco Bay district of
California.

Reports of more or less serious d'jee by several species of mole
crickets have been received frD-n JalbEaa, ississizi, and "Torth Carolina.

Serious injury- to ash by the ash sorer is reported from -:rts of
I"orth D. ot.

The -loomy scale is unusually numerous in jorth Carolina. Last
year ..an- sl-ades trees wiere killed b- t:is insect.

T-j finding of the euo..-us sc!e :ttachina Ja:anese spurce
(r-c':vs.ndra terr.inalis) in rennsylv.nia adds a ne' plant, to the list of
hosts of t.is inoect.

,any reports of daema!e by ter..ites to bu..din s -7ere received uxri:'.
thIe ;ont-.. Those ca:: ro... z. .outh -.tlantic, -ast Central, and 3ulf
States.

of cabb, pbl::..t 1. '.cn severely a.a.ed b' bruc.-.ia
.-. c r,-u editsiae L.a ... .... : ..







G E :i R A L FEEDER S


GRiASSHOPPERS (Acrididae)


North Dakota






Alabama


Mississippi


Lont na



Arizona




Florida


is 5 iS 5 io-o i


J. A. l:.unro (:,'arch 18): It might oe well to mention that
the usual indications point to trouble from grasshoppers
this coming season, especially in the sections affected
last year. The -rasshooppers ere troublesome last year in
districts of :'ard, :lcH.enry, Burleigh, and Golden Valley
Counties.

J. ;. Robinson ( 2.arch 22): Grasshoppers (Schistocerca
americana Drury) are moderately abundant at Auburn.

H. Dietrich (L".arch 22): Grasshoppers ars active in 70oods
in George County.

7. 3. "3bee (.'larch 23): nothingg has occurred which w.7ould
change our idea that -e -7ill have rather severe grasshopper
damge this spring.

0. L. Barnes ("arch 22): Grasshoppers are scarce in the
Salt River Valley.

"7IS-!R7GR2S (Elateridae)

J. R. Tatson (,,arch 21): 'wire.Forms are moderately abundant.
They have been injuring strawberries.

R. \7. Harned and assistants ("arch): <,ireworms are moder-
ately abundant and injury by them is noted on sweet potato
in :Teshoba, ..emper, 7Te-'ton, Lauderdale, Clarke, Holmes,
Attala, and Leake Counties.

R. L. Parker (7,iarch 20): .*ir.7orms are moderately abundant
at PLpa.


P. L. Thomas (.Varch 27):
dant at Karnes City.


'ire-orms are zcojrately abun-


.IT n GR3S (-hyllop:.a.-a spp.)

J. J. Daovis (.arch 6): '-hite _rubs are very bad in northern
Indiana.


;. P. Flint (.::arch 6):
past fifteen years.


:u.ite grubs are -"orse than in the


2. L. C'.r.bers (:(arch 32): `he -hite grub is reported
in southern counties, not active as yet, but serious loss
is expected. .here excavation is in progrEssc throughout


Indi3na


Illinois





-46-


I o7a


Texas


-Torth Carolina


thy southern part of thv State reports of lar-e nu.:ers
of -nite grubs are being received, but no reports of injury,
since th: rubs ar. still belo- the frost line.

C. L. Fluke (.:'.arch 6): >.nite grubs have been very seri:-z
the past fe-7 y.--rs in the south-estern part of the State,
attacking permanent pastures.

C. J. Drake ( 2.rch 28): Thite grubs of brood .1 are be-
ginning to come u0.

F. L. Thomas (:.larch 17): -. ;. 3ibby collect,- soecimens
of Fh, loKhm.1 calceata Lec. which h '-ere quite numerous ur.nir
lights.

G?.-1, 1I L.__- (Cotinis nitida L. )

,. A. i.',,'-3 ('i:arch 25): These larvae are very numerous
on Many older la-.ns in this section. Unsightly n.ou-nds of
earth are thrown up on the la'-ns during the night, hn_
the la'.7n very uneven and seriously injuring the sod.


CJ .;&ws (Iloctuiiae)


Virginia


Georgia


Florida


Ohi o


*orth Dakota




Uebraska





V 3nsas


C1lanoma


P. J. Ch:tpm-ri ;; archD 2,.: Cut7orms are scarce in the
vicinity of Torfolk.

C. H. Alden (.larch 22): A fe"' moths are eer- at
Corn&lia.

J. R. iatson (:arch 21): Cut',orms are moderately
abundant.

C. A. Neis'-ander ("arcn 6): _grotis ysilon ?ott. kills
acres of onions in the 3ono r.:-ion.

J. .1. .unro (.,arch I): It might be well to mention that
the usual indications point to trouble from Poro.-a:rotis
orthoionia Miorr. this c'::.inr. season. It 7as prevalent in
several of the southwestern counties.

1M. !. S.enk (.arch 24).: Qn ",arch 15 infor"naticn ras re-
ceived from >operi:l, Chase C unty, that T'heat fields in
that vicinity "ere: b-ing destroyed by 1--r-- nu ..'rs of ar:.y
cut'or:s (cri: ., roti s auxilisris rrote), which bc..-n
.ovin- from near-by alfalfa fields about Fbr^-.ry 22.

2. Parker (..arch 20): h ar-.'., cutworm is mcderately
ab'undant in h"rat at Grainfic!d.

C. Sanborn (..arch 19): One resort has b2en received
pertaining to da.,.a e of the ople striped ar-..- cut-"orm
(ore s-.rotis ort -.. .orr.)






-47-


..,labamin


iMississi c-ozi




Texas





Montana


Illinois


Nebraska


7ansas




Kansas





KICnsas


J. ;. Robinson (iMarch 22): Cutworms are .moderately abun-
dant at Auburn.

R. .'(. Harned and assistants ,*arch): Cut or;s havz b- ;n
reported as very abundant at Lucedale, Georz'- Co&jntvi, and
moderately abundant at Long Beach, Cleveland and H-olly
Springs. A-rotis ypsilon Rott. is moderately abundant on
garden crops at Laurel.
F. L. Thomas (March 4): (From letter of Mrs. R. E.
Cu-.bie, Bronte, Coke County) "Last year the cutworms and
grub worms cut do7n practically all of my Bermuda onions
and beets and they are starting in worse this year than
last."

7.. Mabee (GIarch 2"): thingig has occurred whichh -ill
c'rngre our idea that -'e "ill probably have considerable in-
crease in the activities of Porosarrotis ortho.-onia :.:orr.

T.0IiI1h 3U-,S ( Tsjus ericae Schill.)
3,. F. Kno'lton (larch 27): False chinch bugs are active
,T F. .ny, ar1
in a number of places in BoxclJder County. They are very
abundant on Russian thistle slonr th. roadside for this
time of the year.


CE R Z L ..T D F OR R. 0 P I :, S C T S



2=..'. FLY (ihytophaga destructor Say)

*J. B3ie':r (:---rch 25): -oKlerately to very abundant;
many fields in Ivster Illinois "iill boe abandoned.

M. H. S-eni, (March 19): The Hessian fly is moderately
abundant in the southeastern part of the State.

R. L. -barker (.'arch 20): The Hessian fly 7,as first seen
fly:n'- on March 19 at L'anhattan.

G 3h BU, (Toxontera graminwn Tcnd.)

R. L. Parker ("arch 20): The green bug is reported by
E. G. Kelly as being very abundant in Harper County in the
south-central part of the State.

.-;2:>.: STR-; '.7, (Tarmolita zranits Riley)

R. L. Prr (>',a-rch 20): Th, first fenerntion of t.he
w7heat straw 7,or:, has er.rged in central and western Kansas.







Kansas


Ps7. APHID (Illinoia nisi Kalt.)


Virginia




California


Massachusetts


Delaware


G. E. Gould (:.arch 26): The pea aphid is :.od abundant on alfalfa and rare on the various clovers and
vetch. A fe'7 individuals were noted on peas, rhich are
no7 about 3 inches tall.

S. Lock"-ood (!arch 7); At FrEsno the pea aphid has in-
fested alfalfa to such an extent that the c.7-rlitr gro"+th
is !wilted be:, oend recovery, Casts fro- the inseccts -ere so
thick on the Cop'und as to -ive the soil a d0cIa- .1y mottled
appearance. TNa-j.ral control has reached the point where
no further d.a-c is expected in this field.-


FRUI T I N S EC T S




APHIDS (._pniidae)

A. I. _ourne (March 24): "s of orchard plant lice
are i.oderatoly abunarint. Thc-.- are somewhat less abundant
than a year a(:o.

L. .i. Stearns archrh 21): _'sj.-s are moderately ."u: d,.t


PLAP" FALSE :I'.- :CR" (aleodes op.ca Cay)

R. L. Parker (;:.arch 20): False wire:orms are moder-tely
.a'uri'nrt in -7heat at Ul- ses.


COB

CCA" EAR :C... (5eliothis obsoleta Fab.)

F, L. Thomas (Carch 27): ?,-s of corn ear worm have
been observed at College Station; e. :s ..i larvae at
Teslaco and Dickinson.


r L F 'L T-- rC "'

ALFALf. "K7hIL (Phytonomus posticus Gyll.)

G. 3. Schweis (-",arch 19): Adults are just becoingir active.

CLOV.LR LEAF ..LZTIL (Hypera punctata Fab.)

Ti, P. Flint (L'arch 24); The clover leaf weevill has been
received from several localities in south-central Illinois.


Tcxrs


Nevada


Illinois





-49-


Illinois



Mis ouri



Mississippi


Oklahoma



Georgia


Idaho


Virginia


Virginia


Ohio


Illinois



Missouri


New Mexico


and just beginning to hatch in all sections of the State;
apple in "early delayed" condition.

7. P. Flint (March 24): iohid eggs have hatche.i generally
in orchards in southern Illinois and are hatcninL throughout
central Illinois. In most orchards aphids are very scarce.

K. C. Sullivan ('.,arch 28): The fruit aphids on apple
were hatching March 21 in moderate abundance in northwestern
Missouri.

C. Hines (March 21): Fruit aphids are moderately abu:..dant
on wild plums, in Hutrphreys, Yazoo, and Madison Counties.

C. E, Sanborn (March 19): Fruit aphids are scarce.

APPLE APHID (Aphis pomi DeG.)

C. H. Alden (:,irch 22): The green apple aphid is scarce
at Cornelia.

C. Wakeland (February 28): E- are moderately abundant in southwestern Idaho.

ROSY APSL, APHID (Anuraphis roseus Bak.)

.,. J. Schoene (March 22): .Examinations, in orchards
in several sections, indicate that specimens of the rosy
aphid are very difficult to find.

APPLE GRA'I: APHID (Rhopalosiphum prunifoliae Fitch)

7W. J. Schoene (March 22): The apple grain aphid is
present in sr.all nu .brs in orchards.

T. H. Park-s (M4arch 24): Th -ly hatched nyr.phs are appearing
on the tips of opening apple buds. Ej: s are scarce. The
insect is probably less abundant than the avera.:e, It is
difficult to find aphids in soln orchards.

J. H. Bic-7r (March 25): Aphids, mostly Rhopalosiphum
prunifoliae Fitch, are moderately abundant; there are
scattered outbreaks in western Illinois,

L. Haseman (March 25): Fruit aphids, at Columbia, were
hatching and attacking: opening buds on March 20.

WOOLLY APPLE APHID (Erioso.:a lani-:,ruz Hausm.)

J. R. Eyer (',Iarch): A few overwintering subterranean
forms of the woolly apple aphid are i-i.gratin< to the trunks
and limbs of apple trees.





-50-


Illinois



r.issouri



Ilebraska


Idaho




Nevada


Utah


NeT :,exico


Washington


vassachusetts


CODIING MiCTH (-aroocaosa po-.on1la L.)

L. A. Stearns (l.Iarch al): :' pupation of ovzrwi-.tered
larvae has been observed to date.

J. H. 'Si-er ('arch 25): .:oderately abundant. There was
approximately 60 per cent winter mortality. in some orchards
in western Illinois.

L. Haseman (March 25): Codling moth mortality in the
State is variable but very high where temperature dropped
below -15 to -30o in exposed places.

:i. H. S-enk (1.2arch 19): The codling moth is moderately
abundant in southeastern :Tebraska.

C. ,;akeland .(February 28):. There has been heavy mortality
of the codling mobth above snow line in southern and south-
western Idaho where January minimums ranged from -23 to
-33 F.

G. G. Schweis (:.arch 19): The codling moth is =oderately
abundant at Reno.

G. F. Kno7liton (1;.aLrch 15): A count of the codling moth
larvae overwintering on trees at Logan shored a mortality
on individual trees rpr-ging from 30 to 90 per cent. The
average of -the total count shored that only 40 per cent
of the hibernating larvae had. survived the winter. (::arch 20):
An examination of the. codling,moth in orchards sho-ed a
mortality of 53 per cent at Ogden and of 50 per cent at
Clearfield, of the overwintering larvae.

J. R. Eyer (;a'rch): Codling moth larvae very abundant.
About 2 per cent have pupated.

E. J. ITe-comer (C>-rch 21); Codling moth larvae in corru-
gated paper in an open insectary show mortality of 40 *er cent.
Temperatures were below zero for eight successive mornings,
the lowest being -160 F. In orchards within a few miles of
the insectary the mortality is only about 5 per cent, many
of the larvae doubtless having been protected by sno-.

EAS.r-' T'-T "CAT 'RPILLAR .(:.'alacosoma american Fab.)

A. I. Bourne (:'arch 24): The e.:-- masses of the eastern
tent caterpillar a-parently-are considerably less numerous
.than last year. This decline in nu.r:Dors apzears to be quite
general througho.u.t the State.

P. J. Chapman (..;arch 25): Eastern tent caterpillars are
moderately abundant.. Tents are just b,.ing; started.





-51w.


lUorth Carolina





South Carolina


Georgia






Arkansas


Kansas


Nebraska


Massachusetts








Delaware


Ohio


'7. A. Thomas (March 17): The small tents of this insect
are just showing up in wild cherry trees just coming into
foliage. In one tree of medium size more than a dozen tents
yere observed. The infestation seems to be slightly heavier
than last season.

Y. H. Brunson (March 26): Larvae are abundant in apple
ana wilda cherry.

J. B. Gill (>:arch 22): The .American tent caterpillar is
quite scarce in southern Georgia this year. Some colonies
of caterpillars have been observed on wild plum -nl crab-
apple trees, but so far none on wild cherry trees. The
first webs were seen on February 26, these occurring on a
wild crab-apple at Albany.

i. *J. Baerg archrh 14): Caterpillars began hatching
yesterday. The egg masses se-m. to be scarce at Fayetteville.

SPRING CANKEER ,;ORI, (Paleacrita vernata Peck)

R. L. Parker (March 20): Spring canker wvorms are reported
from Little River, Glasco, Osborne, and Chanute.

tiPP2LE MAGGOT (Rhagoletis pomonella w'alsh),

M. H. Swenk (March 24): A ne- locality for the apole
maggot in Nebraska -as established by the discovery that
last fall in'an orchard near Crofton, Knox County, this
insect did serious damage to the fruit crop. Previous re-
ports of this insect in Nebraska during'the past six years
have come from Gage, 'JTance, and Burt Counties.

EUROPE.-:: RJ.D .ITZ (Paratetranychus oilosus C. F.)

A. Bourne (March 24): Observation would indicate about
normal abundance. This pest is found to fluctuate consider-
ably in individual orchards from year to year. In some
orchards where it was moderate to bad last year, it is almost
impossible to find them; on the other h.-Ind, there are somr.;
orchards and individual blocks -here the pest is as abur.djnt
as I have ever seen it. On th.. :"hole, therefore, the situ-
ation is normal.

L. A. Stearns (March 21): The Europtan red mite is moder-
ately abundant in northern Delaware.

j. S. Houser (l,;arch 6): This insect is increasing in
abundance but confined to the northern part of the State as
far south as Columbus. Baldwin apples ar-. especially
susc-ptible.

E7. "e. ,ndenhall (l.:`rch $): The European red mite is
abundant in apple orchards in Fairfield County.





-52-


indiano


California


7isconsin


Idasl -o


Delaware

Vir.;ini a


Georgia








Iloridn


Illinois


J. J. Davis (arc -i): Tho Luropeari red :.ite is in-
creasing in the State but is not important so far.

R. HPettit (Garch 21): Tae red mite bids fair
to be plentiful because there are many ezgs everywhere. Oni
account of a hot dry su ..-r last y..ar, a good supply of
.ggs was laid for this year's hatching.

Z. c. .cGrgor (February): The European red :mite has
recently become established in central California. The
variety, occidentalis McG., has for years boen known to
occur in the Pacific Niorth.cst and southward to the south.-rn
borders of San Jrancisco Bay. This pest, -.hen first f,'nd
here in December, 1929, occurred chiefly in the overwinteri.-z
egg stage and there Trere countless thousands of these eggs
present on the branches of trees in the -opeacn orc-hard near
Tulare in which h thj 7 to the pest list of central California a sp-cies of pot.n-
tially great economic imarortahace-.

FRUIT TRL- LLF .r ch.ip.s :.-rrs-,r ig I
A. A. ranovsky (ivarch 20): There are prospects of ne7
outbr-a'.::s of the fruit tr,-e leaf roller. The cg s are .Aite
n-Luerous in several arple orch-7rds. Lzrge outbreaks of these
insects are expected and preparation is bain.- made for their
control.

C. 4akeland Februaryy 28): The fruit tr. le:f roller is
extremely scarce in.districts -here it was abunda.'it three
years ago.


Sia J0T7 5C iL. (isoidiotus perniciosus Co3rst.)


L. Stearns (March 21): The San Jose scale is scarce.

p. *.. Chapman (I2rch 25): The San Jose scale is scarce,
same ys last report, at _orfolk.

J. 3. Chill (:Qrch 22): T.ie San Jose scale is abun'ant
at .--lbany in neglected o,.ach orchards and in spr'x:cd -:-Sch
orcl.ards there still remains considerable live sc-le on
some trees.

C. H. Alder, archh 22): San Jose scale is moderately
.abuni.nt at Thomaston, and scarce at Cornelia.

J. {. ;Ltson (i.&rc` 21;: San Jose sc-le is moderately
abundant.

J. i2. i,7. er (:,.arch .5): Th1 Sen Jose scale suffered a
v rv hi7' intlr :mortality in 'estern Illinois.






-53-


Wisconsin






Missouri



Oklahoma


Alabama


Mississippi




Colorado



Idaho




Nevada


New "exico


E. L. Chambers (March 22): The San Jose scale is re-
stricted to several villages and cities in southern
*Zisconsin. It does not occur in any commercial orchards
in .lisconsin. (Various scale insects seem to have come
through the winter without suffering as great a loss as
usual.)

L. Hasemran (.arch 25): The San Jose scale suffered
high mortality at Columbia with -16 F. There is little
or no spring development in evidence as yet.

C. E. Sanborn (March 19): The San Jose scale is moder-
ately abundant.

J. M. Robinson (.,Iarch 22): The San Jose scale is .ioder-
ately abundant on crab-apple at Talladega a.iL Auburn.

R. J. Harned and assistants (.!arch): The San Jose scale
has been reported as very abundant from the northern half
and moderately abundant from the southern half of the
State,

C. P. Gillette (February 28): The San Jose scale is
moderately abundant in the vicinity of G-rand Junction,
:.,esa County.

C. .'akeland (February 28): Nearly all of the San Jose
scales'were :illed in southw-restern Idaho above snow line,
by the lo7 tfeiperatures of January. This year -25 F. is
the fatal temperature.

G. G. Schlreis ('.larch 19): The San Jose scale is moder-
ately abundant.

J. R. Eyer: (March): The San Jose scale is scarce in
spr _-edi and moderately abundant in unsprayed orchards.


PURPLE SCALE (Lepidosaphes beckii !ikj-.r.)


Mississippi


Iowa


F. P. :msler (March 23): The purple scale is moderately
abundant at Gulfport, Harrison County.

H. Gladney (March 22): The purple scale is moderately
abundant on citrus in western Jackson County.

OYSTIER-SrELL SCiLE (Leoidosanhes ulmi L.)

C. J. Drake ( arch 28): Found infestations on apple dnd
currents in yard and'gardonz in Des .oines, during -"'arch.






-54-


R (Aegeri xitiosa Say)
.L,,-i BOR.R (Legeria =xitiosa Say)


Delaware


Georgia






Florida


Oklahoma


Mississippi


L. A. Stearns (March 21): The peach borer is moderately
abundant in untreated orchards.

0. I. Snapp (:Larch 20): As usual, this insect is causing
considerable damage in peach orchards that were not wormed
or treated.

C. H rlden (March 22): Hibernating larvae of the peach
borer/moderately abundant at Cornelia.

J. R. J.atson (March 21): The peach borer is moderately
abundant; more complaints than usual having been received.

C. E. Sanborn (March 19): The peach borer is moderately
abundant.

R. 7. Harned and assistants (March): This insect has
been reported as moderately abundant over the most of the
State and there have been reports of great abundance from
the east-central part of the State.


ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH (Laspeyresia rmolesta 3usck)


Delaware



Georgia





Illinois


L. A. Stearns (March 21): Pupation of overvintered larvae
has commenced. Peaches are in the pre pink to early pink
condition.

C. H. Alden (.'arch 22): The oriental fruit moth was
emerging at Augusta March 18.

J. B. Gill (March 22): 7o infested shoots have been
observed as yet at Albany.

S. C.Chandler (March 6): Larvae on trees were killed by
low temperature in the winter of 1929-1930, as follows:
Cairo, 72 per cent; Carbondale, 89 percent.

G. L. Bond (March 22): The oriental fruit moth is scarce
in the vicinity of Laurel. Hav. noticed some dar-.o.e to peach
twigs which -as done last summer.


PLUM CU"RC'LIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar FThst.)


Delaware


Virginia


L. A. Stearns (:.:arch 21); -!one has emerged from hibernation
to date.

.7. J. Schoene (March 22): The peach trees are in full
bloom in the Crozet section but as y-t no plum curculios
have been found.


.'ississipoi








Georgia


Florida


Illinois




Oklahoma

Mississip-pi


Wisconsin


-55-

0. I. Snapp (March 20): Adults began leaving hiber-
nation in numbers on -arch 17. This is much later than
usual 7hen comp-nared 7 with the present stage of develo-:. t
of the fruit, and is due to the cold, rainy -Ieather whichh
prevailed since the trees started to bloom. Most of the
petals have fallen from the Hileys by this date and about
half of them are off the Elbertas. The late appearance
of these insects-'from hibernation this year may prevent
the development of a second brood of larvae before Mlberta
harvest. Spraying has started and growers have an ex-
cellent opportunity this year to poison the food of the
adults before they become disseminated thr ugh. ut the
orchards.

J. 3. Gill (Mlarch 22): At Albany the plum curculio
adults have made their appearance on ,'ild polum trees and
in commercial orchards but adults appear to be quite scarce.
0viposition is no07 (:. rch 25) occurring in peaches ",ith
shucks off, but no egg punctures have bo en observed on
7ild olums. Cold weather has severely ds.ma:ed the fruit
on wild plum trees, especially those growing in low places,
and this condition may add to the curculio :menace in so
far as the peach grower is concerned.

C. H. .ldenr. (i:arch 22): Cold w-ather delayed the
emergence of the plum curculio at Cornelia and Thomaston;
5 adults ve-. collected at Thomaston today.

J. R. 7at3on (...rch 21): The plum curculio is scarce.
Emergence h-s been delayed by cold wet weather.

P. Flint (.:arch 6): In Pike, Green, Adams, and Scott
Counties the percentages cf fruit infested in unsprayed
-olc;" in recent years have been as follows: 1925, 72;
192'., 69; 1:37, 92; 1928, 68; 1929, 99.

C. E.Sarborn (March 19): The plum curculio is scarce.

R. 7. Earned and assistants (March): PRports from
scattered localities over the State indicate that the plum
curculio is moderatelyy abundant.


CHERRY

C.-2RRY C-iLE j'-- (Coleophora pruniella Clemens)

.. Granovsky (March 20): There are prospects of new
outbreaks of the cherry case bearer. Case bearers, still
in a dormant stage in half gro'7n larval cases, are present
in all of the cherry orchards in Door County in largc
numbers. iPA

.;., u^' PANT900





-56-


Mississippi


California


Idaho


Kansas


PLUM

RUSTY PLU1I APHID (Hysteroneura seterie T:-.os.)

J. E. McEvilly (:':.rch 22): The rusty plum a-..iis are
moderately abundant at McComb.

"2fL'f PLUMI APHID (HHyValopteras arundinis Fab.)

E. 0. Essig (:;arch 20): Tr. mealy plum aphid ba.an hatch-
ing in early -,;rch and is abundant in some localities.


A T;iIG BjRhR (Mineola scitulella Hulst)


C. Wakeland (:',arch 21): .:ineola scitulella began
emerging from hibernacula on prune trees .'.arch 19.


GRAPE

APPLE TJIG BC'RER (A1hirer.s bic.udatus Say)

R. L. Parker (March 20): The grape cane borer is re-
ported as rather abundant in a vinr,:vrd at Richfield.

GOCCS:S:ERRY F-UIT ,'P, (Zonhodia -ross-ilariae Riley)

G. F. Znon:lton (March 15): Birds played an im-portant
part in the control of the gooseberry fruit -orm, in
fields at Bountiful, where rubbish had been rakI.d from
beneath the bushes-


Utah


PFCA_ SHUCK WORMi (LasFe,..,resia car'ann Jitch)


Mississipopi


Georgia


R. W. Harned (March 28): Inspector J. P. Kislanko
reported that on :r.ch 6 he t:3s.i .1:d pecan shucks from a
grove at i ins, Stone County, and found 69.56 -oc-r cent
of the shuck worms in the pupal staze. T.ic next day the
first adult of this species emcr.etd. .4r. L,:n-ston
examined p-can cnucks from a 7rovc at A. & M. College on
March 25 and reports that 58 p;r cent of the such wor:3
have been killed by parasites, and tl.t 77 p.-r cent of the
parasited had already :T:urled. Only 45 per cent of the
live shuck worms were in the pupl sta.-:,. T... first ad;lt
L.n-ur-ed at A. & M. College on March 25.

rC.CAi' CASE jtiru (Acrobasis jiu-1.mndis LoB.)

J. P. Gill (March 22): hi. pecan leaf case bearer







-57-


Mississippi


larvae are no':. (',larch 25) beginning to leave their hiber-
nacula and to gnawr into the unfolding buds on :ell-advanced
pecan tr::es in southern `eorgia (Valdosta, Thorzasville,
Cairo, and Albany).

R. *'. Harned (Larch 28): One larva of a case bearer 7as
found feeding on pecan buds.


PECAN BUDi,:OTH (Proteopteryx bolliana Sling.)


Georgia


J. B. Gill (March 22): Oviposition of the pecan bud-
moth (Prot.-oct.- ,: bolliana Sling.) has started in the
pecan orchards A nurseries of southern Georgia. On
:Aarch 24 the first larvae of the season 'ere found working
in the buds of -ell-advanced pecan trees.


A ..'.O:TH (Cossula mavnifica Strecker)


South Carolina


Georgia


Alabama




.ississippi


.Alabana


* ^r


Florida


I. H. Brunson (February 27): The pecan trunk borer is
moderately abundant in a grove belonging to ir. C. D. Keeks.

T. L. Bissell (March 25): These borers are abnormally
abundant in pecan orchards at Barnesville and Sxperiment.

J. M. Robinson (March 22): The pecan borer is moderately
abundant on pecan trunks at ,rialusia.

T.TIG C-ITDLER (Oncf ares cingulatus Say)

D. G. Gris (a rch 23); :he hickory twi/ girdler is
A:niant in .he central part of the State, in one
necan orchard.
CTTCTY-CuS:.IQ LC.-L (EIery-a purchase as.,)

J, '.. P.,'inson (March 22): The cottony-cushion scale
is mncerat.ly abundant on pecan at Atmore.


SUBTROP I CAL FRU I T I INSECTS

CITUS

CITRUS APHID ( (:.-Si S1 .recola Patch)

J. R. .Iatson (March 24): The .ecn citrus aphid (Ahis
spiraecola Patch) has not devcnioped so heavy an infestation
as the situation indicated a mon-crh ago. This is apparently
due to several heavy dashing rains '-hich probably destroyed
many of them and decreased their nu:nibers. :hiy are a.-:'in
on the increase.








-58-


Arizona


Georgia


Florida


Mississippi


Arizona


Florida


Florida


- cbraska


California


CC ;PIA APHID (A-.his :--ic.-inis Koch)

0. L. Barnes (March 22): This insect is moderately
abundant on citrus and plum tre-.-s in the Salt River Vall--v.

CITRUS .,hITEFLY (Dil ~ur.es citri AsLr..)

J. B. Gill (Grch 22): The citrus 'hitefly is rcder-
ately abundant on ornamen:tals and Satsuma orari-es.

J. R. W'atson (March 21): 2: citrus whitefly was .o;er-
ately abundant. Adults of the spring -nenerations are just
beginning to emerge.

R. ,. Harned and assistants (' .,rch): This insect has
been reported as i..od=r: tey abun.-iant in southeastern
Mississippi and very abundant farther north on the eastern
edge of the State.

0A'.TG. TIRIPS (Scirtothrips citri Xoulton)

0. L. Barnes (M'arch 22): Found on Atrus in &all parts
of the Salt River Valley M'arch 11-12. Very nu.-Erous on navel
orange trees in a few groves near Phoenix and in one .-rov-e
near icsa. In general,, t infestation is light.


J. R. Iatson (.arch 21): The purple mite of citrus is
moderately abundant.

SIX-SPOTTLD MITh. (Tetranvchus t LAx:.:cultus Riley,)

J. R. .,atson (,arch 21): The 6-s-potted mite of citrus
is moderately abundant.


CITRuS iEALYBUG (Psoudococcus citri Risso)


H. Swenk (Liarch 24): During `"arch the usual co.r:-laints
of i.nalybugs on house plants -ere received.

CITROPiIILUS i..ALY3U2' (Pseudococcus g-ihni Green)

Monthly News Letter, Los mAn.'-eles County, :,ricultur:.l
Com-nissioner Vol. 12, No. 3, (March 15): The present
citrophilus mntclybug situation in the citrus orchards of
Los Angeles County looks particularly favorable from the
control standpoint as compared "ith the previous seasons.


PURPLL :v:ITE (Paratetr-.nchuq citri "c';.)







-59-


FLORIDA RED SCALE (Chrysomphalus ficus Ash:'.)

Florida J. R. Jatson (March 31): The Florida red scale is
scarce. A large percentage of small ones were winter
killed,

Mississippi 0. M. Chance (March 24): The Florida red scale is
very abundant in greenhouses at Vicksburg.

CALIFORNIA RED SCALE (Chrysomphalus aurantii Mask.)

Texas S. 2.Clark (March 10): 'Winter-mortality counts of
the California red scale show a mortality of 84.2 per
cent at T7eslaco, whichh is nearly normal. A severe winter
did not seem to damage this pest to any extent.

PURPLE SCALE (Lepidosaphes beckii ITerm.)

Georgia J. B. Gill (March 22): An occasional tree of Satsuma
orange is infested with the purple scale.

Florida J. R. Watson (March 21): The purple scale is moder-
ately abundant.

COTTONY-CUSHION SCALE (Icerya purchase Mask.)

Georgia J. B. Gill (March 22): The cottony-cushion scale came
through the winter in good shape at Valdosta and Cairo,
where heavy infestations occurred last year on various
ornamentals and Satsuma oranges. The scale is now
(:arch 20) doing considerable damage, especially at
Valdosta, Novius cardinalis was successfully colonized
at several points in Georgia last fall and has passed
the winter in good condition. March 20, larvae, pupae,
and adults were observed in large numbers.


AVOCADO

-DICTYOSPER1U:", SCALE (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morg.)

California Monthly News Letter, Los Angeles County Agricultural
Commission Vol. 12, No. 3, (March 15): The dictyospermu
scale has been found recently to infest avocado plantings
over a rather wide area in the City of 7hittier proper.











...'ALi- -_TI71 (ListrT erc obicus C---11.)


Yi ssissi-D'ri


C- lifornia


North Carolina



Oklahoma




Georgia


fississiDori


YFarned (V'rch '7): Larvae of the "'e-table .evil
have been received -t this office from Holmens, Jonzes, -:-n'.n,
*n6 Jefferson Counties, .':ith the statement in each case that
t' rni-:s had been seriously inJi're d.

I. Poets (i:arch 22): T.h vegetable !eevil is dc.--
consierhblz d!--re to tomato plnts in cold frames ins
Co-;iah and Lincoln Counties.

St-: Lrt Loc'cod (I::rch 5): T. veetable Tec-ii is no7
found in portions of .ten counti-s rbcut the San Franciico
-`. district. One of these, Monter'v- County, b. en eded
to the area by c survey in Fe'br'-rv. (Determined ': "-ril
f-, *- -!,! )

r--=.T: *-^ R_ 3EETLCE -brotica vittnti .Jb.)

'. A.Thos-s (i"-rch 24): Th first s-pecir.-n of tL.is insect
observed this c,..son w"s trken from th; bloo'- of chok,c-.'rr-
grozn in thu voo.s r.djacEnt to an old stra-berry field.

C." S3norn (rc 19): :> strido7 ....r "- le is
score.

.SPC::D CTjCj- 3.TLE (Di-'rotic-3 duodecirjxunct'ta Jb.)

H. Aladen (l:>rch -:): Th- spotted cu--: ..r be. tl is
n -. tc T .r- fe n rt "ornelia.

J. P. Gill (H:rch 22): p-.. spot, c. cucu'.-b'r betle is
mcc*er.tely abundant on peach tr rs "nd other nl-n:.s in bloc.

A ''-: RICK:L (Scar t,.riscus cl.-tus R. F & )

'" F-rned (.>rch 25): A corr- ond nt 't ":.xl." Geor-e
County, sent to us on i.rch 11 scme -Idult mole cricket, th-t
hnve been identified by : r. J.. nLrJ'ton 's ~w-wteriscus
acletus. TY^- v-ee reported -s causi". in-:rv to sm.ll.
e^ rden "slants.

F. Pi. etrich ('-rch 23): >'le crickets !rs r-rnrt;d s '-
in q7,rd-ers Pt T.ncednl'.

a0::-:"" :: .. .... (.. r o tb hex-d& t-la 7e:t'-)

J. 1. Robinson (7rrch 23-): 7-e northern mol cricket is
mnoderatelyv ab-ncant on rPrden v-.-et `les at Fine :"1Il.






-61-


GREEN PEACH APFID (Myzus tersicae Sulz.)


Virginia



Arizona


Virginia


G. E. Gould (March 26): Individuals of this species are
increasing on both spinach and Wsle, although they are not
present in injurious numbers on either of the plants.

0. L. Barnes (March 22): There is a very light infestation
on lettuce in several fields examined in the Salt River Valley.

POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashmr.)

G. 3. Gould (March 26): The potato aphid is abundant on
spinach, especially on the older -olants that have been growing
since October.


SEED CORN MAGGOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond.)


North Carolina



Oklrhoma

Texas


Georgia


Mississippi


C. H. Brennon (March 25): The seed corn maggot is causing
considerable dnma-ze to bean seedlings in the vicinity of
Mount Olive, ,7ayne County.

C. E. Sanborn (March 19): The seed corn .=,--ot is scarce.

S. C. Clark (February 18): A small acre-re is affected,
particularly early planted fields where germination '-as
retarded by cool weather.



POTATO


COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

J. B. Gill (M!arch 22): No emergence of the Colorado potato
beetle has been observed.

R. '7. Harned and assistants (March): Reports from the
central part of the State are that the Colorado potato beetle
is moderately abundcn-t, a few .dults having been noticed
March 20.


ZG"P7TA'IT


A LACEPUJ, (Corythaica monacha Stal)


Roger C. Smith (March 13): An egi-plant lacebuc has been very
serious this spring on erplants at Port-au-Prince. This is
easily the most serious ep, plant insect here. It prevented a
good many plants here from bearing this sprin-.


Haiti







-62-


E T T ,(ur-anti hiAtrToonica F.'r r.)
H iL Z'7'"T'. T,.'< (I'-ur~antia. histr o i 3r..


Virginia











Florida

Oklahoma


Utah


Arizona


Alabarma


Texas


South Carolina


L. 7. Brannon (,arch 19): Harlequin b7'.i;- vere observed
feeding in collard -atches until after the middle of l:o".- er,
1929. On February 10, 1930, searches were rade for '--s in
hibernation near a collard -catch. No bu-~s -,-ere found. The
insects have been more or less active in a hibernation c--e
at this location during the winter months and on warn days
feeding has been observed on collard -olants placed in the
cage. Frequently 50 -cer cent of the harlequin '--,- in a
hibernation care have been observed active when the terrerature
reached 80 F. or Li>-.r.

J. P. 7atson (Lsrch 21): -.* h'arlequin buw is scarce.

C. E. Sanborn (::arch 19): Th- ..-rlecuin 'u-- is scarce.

IMPORT2S C0BBAGE T.:: (Pieris r-- ce L.)

G. F. Knov.lton (harch 27): Adult cabbai-e butterflies ',ere
flying in fields at Corinne, Garlan'., and Collinston.

r.I.DkONr-BACK MOTF (Plutella macalipennis Curt.)

0. L. Barnes (March 22): The dia.ond-back moth is ver"
abundant in one cabbage field examined March 7 r'r F-.oenix.

CA3B AG MA.GGOT (Hylemyia -rassicae Fouche)

J. Robinson (arch 22): The c:b,-'se mag-ot is mcf .-rately
abunoa>nt on cab-bae at C-m: Hill.

C3A APIJ- D (Bre-vicorvne brassicae L.)

3T. L. Bond (March 22): The cabbage aphids are moCrratel"1
abundant in some fields around Laurel.
S. Y7. Clark (.acrch 6): T-.e ca-bi:--- aphids are abu-"3nt
and doin7 considerable damace in the extensive truck section
near Edcouch (i7slaco) and other scattered points in the
Lower Rio Grande Valley.


SLTJ(S (holluzc~)


M. H. Brunson (hC rch 18): .tree acres cf cabbaz-e at
Camp-obello vere rr cticallv i strnyC b,. sl--s v,;-hich thus far
hwve not o'n determined as to s-ies.


Mississippi





-63-


STRAWBERRY 'TEEVIL (Anthonormus sign-'tus Svy)


North Carolina


W. A. Thomas (M`arch 24): This insect be-an emerging from
hibernation on the above date, but the movement to the fields
is much slower than in former years, probably owing to cold
weather during the middle of the month. 'o Yew"'- infestations
have been observed ua to I-rrch 24.


STRA7WBEPRY ROOT APHID (AOhi8 forbesi -ed)


Mississippi


K. L. Cockerham (March 6): On March 6 a small garden patch
of strawberries consistinF of 500 plants was found to be very
severely infested with aphids. Examination showed that
practically every plant was infested. Some of this injury
may be attributed to winter killing.


A RED SFI_-F (Tetran-chus sp.)


R. W. Harned (March 25): Red spiders were reported as
infestr-:r strawberry plants at Meridian on March 21.


3EAIT THRIPS (Heliothrins fasciatus Per,.)


Utah


Virginia



Florida




Florida


G. F. Knowlton (March 18): The bean thrips is darm-..ing
beans in the experiment station greenhouse. Many plants are
almost dead as a result of the attack.


CUCUIBER S


STRIPED CGUCET. BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

P. J. Chapman (March 26): I have been unable to find beetles
feeding on pollen after a careful search of various species of
plants now in bloom, in the "orfolk section.

J. R. Watson (Yarch 21): The striped cucumber beetle is
very abundant in everglades only.

SPOTTED CUCUMB.ER -EZTILE (Diabrotica iuo'2ecimrurunt:.-t, Fab.)

J. R. "iTatson (March 21): Th: spotted cucumber beetle is
very abundant.


Viississi-0Toi





-64-


Mississin-ci


R. "J. Harned and assisF-;nts (!!rch): The :otted cc'ic-ber
beetle has been reported as mo'n-rately abunant in ?oliiar,
George, 2nd Jones Ccunties. :.... first adult of the sescn
" s seern at "ick"'r, warrenn Co., Feruary 7.


J. Y. Robinson ('.rrch 22):
moderately abundart !t Aubrrn.


Okl0homa


u ta


Iuississi-ci


The s-ootted c'cu".': -etie is


C. E. Sanborn (:.'rch 19): The s potted cuci'ber beetle is
scarce.


G. F. Knowvlton (Y'rch 18): A count of sius buhs'th't
had overvintcred in the insect.r-- sho',e a mortality of 55
per cent.


TrTR-TTP


."D-."T APHID (R"o losing7 seudobrassicae Dazvis'

R. '. Harned and assistants (Yarch): .r'ids identified
by A. L. Hemner as Eor -'1ih r. nseudobrassicae -ere received
froM TLo r-1an, Jefferson Count_
fro Loran, Jefferson County, on M1arch 19 vith -' information
that turnips v.ere being seriously injured. :.;se incOts are
beccmIr. 7 aoundcnt in co;:e fields around Laurel ..:: are less
pr..-.'lent than in several -,ears around Clevelr. 5.


9E'T I. .'_= TP='ZR (IuAtettix tenellus --"r)


3. '7akeelnd (February Go): Government forecast is that the
beet leofbopner ponul."tion is ",: .at the same this year as at
the same period in 1929 and th:t 19;_) ..ill be a favorable
-e'-r to rov: beets, especially vhen early planted.

7. TKno-'Iton (:'rch 27): Only an occasional beet
lc "'hoper "a found 7t r,':ntory, ?1ue ?r-e', south of
L "'-o, -n"T -ept of Corinre, in to'_- r exnin'tion c:' -reedine
r'r :f, 7b c ven fe I-s c f 2. t nt 1t-s :'n: 4 c cirens :I
A7a 117a' er, t 'ken in 50 sz' cs it>r net "oht 7 "7ile s north-
t of `r r , r 7. n o Sfcond iit^ c-. s on r.n vrr...-ct' tion,
,J v on- t e*1 c. '*as t.'en, tol'tvor "ith "- sneci'ens of !.--.1 r.
" '. trenr1' u" -re fo,'nd in th 'f t p-rep exr-,n- ?t Foner,


Idaho


Utah







Nex7 'exico J.. R. Eyer (M!'arch): Beet leafho-oper adults are abundant
on tansy-mustard. Ec-s are present in foliage and a fe'-
nymphs ?re hatching.

BEET LEAF ETLE (Monoxia runcticollis Say)

Utah G. F. Knowlton (March 15): Beet leafbeetles are active on
warm days at Sno-.'ville. In a few vmsll areas they are moder-
ately abundant.

'7- T L -
.';SrRO0I:S


GF^Yir'C" C-:.TIFT!PEE (Scutigerella imrmaculata "-e...)

Ohio T. Parks (viarch 24): A telephone call from Celina
stated that centipedes were destroying mushrooms in a mushroom
house. Identification ',.-as not secured but the description fits
the above named species.


TOBACCO


:C7ECO FLE' B3TLE (Epitrix parvula Fab.)

Torth Carolina. C. H. Brannon (March 25): The tobacco flea beetle is causing
vides-oread damage to tobacco plant beds all over the eastern
part of the State.


FORE ST A D S : A D E T R E I N S E C T S


BAG-W0?}. (Thyrido-oteryx enhemeraeformis Hav.)

Ohio T. H. Parks (March 24): Baz'rorm cases on trees and shrubs
at Columbus very rarely carry living egss this sorin They
carry mostly dead pupae, some of which contain parasites.

Kansas R. L. Parker (I'arch 20): The baz'-orm is reported as attac'--in,
box elder in Dexter.

FCET :L;:" CAThRPTLL. (;[alacosora disstria Huebn.)

Utah G. F. Knovlton (I'-arch 26): T-e follo' ing parasites .iere
reared from the forest tent c;te ,illar material, collected at
Provo during- August 1929 by Dr. F. J. Pack; phia1tC2s ,- >liz
(Cress.) "Trjaltes spn7uinipes (Cress.) Theronia fulvescens
(Cress.) and 1,.icrobracon Ranthonotus (AshrT.). Tie l>ct soccic,;
named ws most nu'-ron and was also reared from mnt.rial col-
lected in Srrdlne Cnyon, July 2, 19"2 etermine' by C. F. .
i ueseh$ck.





CHATGJA (Scanteri,-us -icinus Scud.)


..orth Carolina


F. i!. Claridge (March 4): :r.e Porto Rican mole cricket
near Clayton is doinz dama-e which is noticeable, the seze---' -.-
being pulled down into the ground *".hen they are from a month
to six i'eeks old. This injury occurs in patches anj. is quite
serious in some beds. It is noticed that the tunnels are
similar to that of a mole only very much smaller ,n.i a mole
cricket is caught. On the whole the ds.e this --e;r was
very much less than last. The cricket did not seem to 'be as
prevalent and a har'- time was had to catch one.


ASH


ASH BORER (Podosesia frxYini Lu- er)


North Dakota


J. A. Munro (March 18): A letter under date of March 15
from George Hirsch, Bowman, indicates that the ash tree
borer is causing serious injury to ash trees in that vicinity.
Many of the badly infested trees have been blown over b" the
wind.


OXEL^r 7-
BOXEL0- U (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)-_
B0YILTZE-7 ';U-r (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)


Nebra:I:ka



Kansas



Utah


Mississippi


M, H. Swenk (March 24): The usual number of complaints of
the boxelder bug have been received during March, when during
warm periods these insects proved quite a nest in houses.

R. L. Parker (March 20): The boxelder bugs ("pop buss")
are reported as annoying about houses in Oketo, Newton,
Sabetta, and Kanopolis.

C. K. Knowlton (March 16): The boxelder bu; is very annoy.-n0.
in a number of buildings at the Utah State Agricultural :ollete.
The bugs are present in larze numbers on the sunnri. side of
building-s during warm days.


CEDAR

rDEOiAR 7-7F"I-, (Pissodes deodarae For--".)

'R. ',7. Harned (,.';:rch 25): Adult weevils that hove been
identified by J. I. Lanpston as Pissodes sr., probably
Pissodes deodorae, were collected on Cedrus deomra plants
at Tupelo on March 21. Serious injury had been caused to one
plant on the property from which th -e soecirens were tz:en.





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Arizona


Nebraska





California


Ohio


Indiana


'ichigan


G. L. Bond (March 22): The deodar weevil is doinr- quite a
bit of damage around Laurel.

J. E. McEvilly (March 22): Deodar weevils are found on
Cedrus deodara plants at McComb.


COTTONWOOD

A :i'T7 CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma sp.)

0. L. Barnes (March 22): Many cottonwoods in the Salt
River Valley were partially or completely defoliated during
,March. On March 12 larvae were found in webs in large numbers;
others were congregated in masses on bare limbs. By MIarch 21
cocoons were abundant in cracks and crevices of bark. The
remaining larvae were found singly scattered over trunks of
trees and on the ground.

COT...'.0OD SCALE (Chionaspis ortholobis Const.)

M. H. Swenk (Y-'rch 24): A farmer near Verdigre, Knox County,
reports his cottonwoods badly infested.

C'_': -]'S S


CYPRESS BARK SCALE (Ehrhornia cupressi Ehrh.)
Monthly News Letter, Los Angeles County A cultural
Commission, Vol. 12, No. 3, (March 15): The cypress bark
scale is apDarently of more or less common occurrence in the
east end of Los Angeles County. Eight new infestations
scattered throughout San Dimas, La Verne, and Pomona have been
recorded.


EL:,

EUROPEAN- EL.. SCALE (G-ossyparia sDuria Mod.)

J. S. Houser (March 6): The European elm scale has been
collected and reported troublesome in Cincinnati, Columbus,
and Cleveland.

F. N. Wallace (March 6): The European elm scale is seen
north of Indianapolis.

J. J. Davis (.'arch 6): The Europ-oean elm scale is increasing
at La Fayette.

R. H. Pettit (March 6): The European elm scale is becoming
more prevalent.





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SO0T-H0OL 5CRPR (Scolytus ruulosus Ratz.)


r.. CiC,2i~yoi


Torth Carolina


G. L. Bond (`,:arch 202): 1.Dt-hole -orers are '.-:in
hackberr-.- trees in Laurel ce meter:.




C-,L0C" SC.L3. (Chrvson-mr:lus tenebricosus 'Jost.)

2. P. Metcelf ('.,arch 20): 7Y o rloomy sctlb has been unu,'yllv
estr-ucti-e this --".st season and many shade asles have been
il1' in variras sections of the State.


rIz,! L iA7 S-OAL: ( hionis-pis rinifoliae itch-)


Utah


7i sconsin


Ari 7zonIC


-. 7. I'no-"lton (iDrch 1E): he -oine leaf scale is aburn't
on most Austrian oine trees on the c- us of the Uteh State
A_ .ricultural Co!lee e.




2PIT :: :?-LF' (HErmoloza furmiferana Clem.)

Z. L. C-'bers (.rch 22): Ihe s-ruce and :lsa-. trees are
quite 7eierally infested, rsn', cornfaints having teen receive-.


"S L. R E U H 0 U S 7

I F D 0 A T A L P L T S


A-l-THIS (Aohiiae)

0. I. Snan-n (M'arch 20): A;hids are unusually abundant on
cedars used for ornamental nur-oses around houses. In sme-.
cases considert'ble injury has resulted.

0. L. ~-Trnes (,L'arch 2?): Aohids (species undetermined)
are re-orted as numerous on roses in the Salt River Vallev.


L. ond- (March 22):
vitae nenr Laurel.


ro:.-n aiohids are reported on arbor-


.. 7. >"ol'nr (l:rch ?2): &r. *r.-n-hi~s on rose -ishes are very
'.e. I I'It rount "'oss Foint and sc'-oula.






-69-


R. B. Deen (March 21): Aphids on ornamentala are not near
so abundant as this time last s-oring, near Tupelo.

J. E. :.!cEvilly (1,March 22): Aphids are found on arborvitae
at McComb.

Chesley Hines (March 21): Aphids are moderately abundant on
arborvitae at Yazoo City.

GARr'EIT FLEA HOPPER (Halticus citri Ashm.)

Ohio T. H. Parks (March 24): The garden flea hopper was damaging
cucumbers in a greenhouse.

R4: SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

Florida J. R. :7atson (March 21): The tvyo-spotted mite of As.laragus
plumosus has been kept down by rainy weather.

Mississippi T. F. I.:cGehee (March 22): The red spider is very abundant
in a greenhouse at Oxford.

7THITEF LI S (Aleyrodidae)

Georgia 0, 1. SnarD (March 20): Whiteflies are still abundant here
end are causing considerable damage to privet and other
olantings around dwellings.

CITi-.US ,ALYBUG (Pseudoccus citri Risso)

Kansas R. L. Parker (March 20): Mealybugs are reported as injurious
on house plants in Alta Vista.

LATATIA SCALE (As-idiotus litaniae Sign.)

Georgia J. B. Gill (March 22): A light infestation of Aspidiotus
lataniae Sign. on tung oil trees has been found at Americus.
(Determinded by Harold Morrison.)

GJ-:IT;Ou.E SO'.,G (Armnadillidiurm vulgare Latr.)

Ohio E. -7. Mendenh.ll (March 13): The greenhouse in Painewville
was found very badly infested with sowbugs doing considerable
damage to young plants.

SLUGS (Molluca)

Ohio E. '7. L:endenhall (March 12): It is found in one of the -reen-
houses in Painesville that the black snails are very numerous
and doing some damage to youn-- plants.







Z. "7. 7endenhall (March 14): Slugs are doin- considerable
damage to .Fr'-enhouse -lants in S-orinmfield, and especially
delphinium plants rhich are just starting, Zel:iniu:. s s
to be their favorite food.




CRY3A7rT-.F", GALL MiY.,(Diarthronomyia hYogaea Loe.)

E. 74. 1,endenhall (March 13): ?, e chrysanthemum i r-l! midze
is quite bad in some of the -reenhouses in Painesville.

E. V. :'erdenhall (,larch 14): The chrs-nthermu.m all mniie
is held in check in the greenhouses in Sorintfield this year.
Millions of chrysanthemum plants are P-rown here each *.-esr.

CP?:;Y3.A:ITPFBKUF' APID (Li2croi iohoniell a sanborni Gill.)

0. L. Barnes ("arch 22): The chrv',c.nthemuinm aphid is ahu-.dant
on chrycnthernwums near Phoenix.




>'OT:77S SCALE (Chionas-is eionri Comnst.)

J. M. Robinson (March 22): The eionymus scale is moderately
abundant at Myontaomery, Cullman, and Telix.


A BLISTER ".I-- (rior.h--es st.)


l"ississippi


Jack Milton (ljarch 22): A blister mite probably Eriorhyes s2.
was found to be causing .7re t injury to Euon'.-s n-lans clr.iv-Ed
from Louisiana to Corinth, !..iss. Very little injury was noticed
at first but they sTread very rooidly and the plants 'ere soon
infested with this pest.


FERN SCALE (Hemichionaspis aspidistrae Sign.)


Ohio


Mississip-i


E. 7. Mendenhall (March 15): The fern scale is four.d very
bad in a good -any greenhouses in the State.

D. 7. Grimes (March .): The fern cc.-le infestations seem to
be less severe in most ,reenhouses in Holmes, Attala, and Leake
Counties.


Arizona


Alabar!a


-70-





-71-


Alabama


Alabama


Pennsylvania


SOFT SCALE (Coccus hesoeridum L.)

J. M. Robinson (March 22): The soft brown scale is moder-
ately abundant on ferns at Frisco City.


IVY

SMALL GRE7N ROSE APFID ('-zarhis rosarum Walk.)

E. W. Mendenhall (March 21): Young plants of English ivy
in a greenhouse in Springfield are badly infested with Preen
aphids, which are doing considerable damage. There is an
abundance.


LILAC

OYSTL'.-S-ELL SCALE (LeDidosaphes ulmi L.)

E. W. :'ndenhall (March 3): The oyster-shell scale is general
and abundant on lilac bark in Ohio. The limbs are crusted with
scale in some places where the owner is careless.


JAPONI CA

PURPLE SCALE (Lepidosaphes beckii Newm.)

J. M. Robinson (March 22): The purple scale is moderately
abundant on Japonica at Monroeville.


PACHYSAYTRA

EUONYMUS SCA'LE (Chionaspis euonymi Comst.)

J. S. Houser (March 6): Specimens collected on Japanese
spurge (Pachysandra terminalis) were exhibited at the
La Fayette, Ind., meeting of the North Central States Entomol-
ogists on March 6, 1930. These were collected by H. B. Barclay.


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND

DOMEST I C ANI MALS


Missouri


Mosquitoes (Culicinae)

L. Haseman (March 25): A number of cases have been reported
where mosquitoes have left their overwintering harbors in
basements and coal bins and migrated up into the bedrooms in
Y ^11f tr^TtT'? i 1yi~ ~ V


























=. .... _- -. --i -,-- --- ei e :,'._,-z ---:: y- ..









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-7 -7 7 - - - -


SZ !-e ; 7 s __ .. ....4 '





-73-


HOUSE F O L D A-TD STORED-

PR.0 DUCT ITT N SE T S

TERMITES (Reticulitermes spp.)


North Carolina



South Carolina


Ohio


Illinois




Kentucky



Missouri



Kansas


]'ississip0i


Mississippi


Z. P. Metcalf (March 20): Termites have been reported as
unusually destructive in Charlotte, Concord, Durham, and
Raleigh.

M. H. Brunson (March 20): Termites (Reticulitermes
flavi-pes Kol.) are abundant in a dwelling at Clemson College.

T. H. Parka (MIarch 24): Termites have been reported
I"s-.arming" in buildings during this month.

7. P. Flint (March 24): Termite swarms are beginn;-n' to
make their arvearance in houses in central and southern
Illinois and a number of reports of damage have already been
received.

J. A. Price (March 25): Termites have been found doing
serious damage in Fayette, Daviess, and Jessamine Counties.
The winged forms have been active since February 27.

L. Haseman (March 25): Unusual interest particularly in
heated buildings is being shown in the early activity of
termites.

R. L. Parker (March 20): Termites are reported in dwellings
in Alilene and Kansas City.

G. I. ',7orthington (March 22): numerous complaints of
termite damage to dwelling houses continue from this section.
Lack of light and ventilation, together with dampness and
carelessness of the contractor in leaving wooden foundation
forms, wood shavings, blocks, and general carpenter waste
under houses, are no doubt responsible.

Jack IIilton (March 22): Termites are causing considerable
da"mape to houses in Corinth.

L. J. Goodgame (March 22): Termites are doin.m considerable
dama.-e in Monroe County.

AT:irTI:r A2: (Tridom.-r-nex humilis Mayr)

R. '.7. Harned and assistants (March): The Argentine ants
have been very active, even during the cold weather, causing
much annoyance in the central -oart of the State.





-74-


A A-;T (Pheidole anastasii E7-sry)


North Carolina


Alabama


North Carolina


Z. P. Metcalf ("prch 20): Ants, Pheidole anastasii 7- ery,
genus and species determined by Dr. IM. R. Smith of Missis-:ippi,
have proven very troublesome in houses in '7inston-Salem.
Depredations have a-o-arently continued throughout the winter.

LARGE ?LA1:7 CAPPET7TB. ANT (Car-onotus herculeanus L.)

J. M. Robinson (March 22): Carpenter ants are moderately
abundant in houses at Dadesville and Fair HoL-e.


BOOKLIC' (Psocidae)


7. A. Thomas (February 15): A single carton of oatmeal from
a local grocery store was observed to contain thousands of these
small wingless insects. They were evidently feeding on the
oatmeal, as the individual grains seemed to be badly pitted.
The inside of the carton above the cereal was literally covered
with the insects.


A CURCULIOlD (Cleonus piger Scop.)


New York


C. R. Crosby (March 20): Numerous adults found hibernating
among dry beans in storage. Cleonus niger was found at
Branchport in dry beans raised on the farm. They, the beans,
have probably been there for azes. This place is far from
the railroad and is not even on a state road. A note on this
insect will anpear in "Entomological News" in the near future.


-I7 T ':TL (Calandra oryzae L.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (March 24): A Thomas County correspondent sent
specimens of the rice weevil with the statement that they were
present throughout his house, especially in the basement, where
no material was in storage in which they were developing.
Thomns County is in the center of the sandhill region of Iebraska
and this is the first report of the species that has been received
from that part of the State.


EA-T 7Er IL ('vlabris obtectus Say)


Indiana


North Dakota




Nebraska


J. J. Davis (!larch 31): The bean weevil was reported
an.1a-inz- seed beans at Indianapolis.

J. A. ',unro (March 18): Two reports of the bean weevil were
received during- the past two weeks; one from Glenburn and the
other from Grand Forks. Both reports referr-d to inj," to
beans in storage.

H. Swenk (March 24): Persons having navy be.-ns in storage
have reported losses caused by the bean weevil durir.- -arch.





-75-


A M-itAOI3i (Fachymerus F-leditsiae L.)

Georgia J. B. Gill (">,rch 22): At Albany the seedc of the c;,1' 1
palmetto have been severely attacked by the bruchid species
Caryobruchus Lleditsiae L. Several adult beetles vwere reared
from cased material during the first three weeks in i.arch.
(The above mentioned species was determined by Ar. A. C-. ov )

GRA:TY 'L-EVIIL (Calendra grpnaria L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis archh 31): :r, o rcnary weevil was destructive
to seed corn at Anderson.

CADELI_ (Tenebroides raauritanicus L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (March 31): Damage to seed corn by the cadelle
was re-norted from Bichmond.

CT7-AO7TTE BE:TLE (Lasioderma serricorne Fab.)

Kansas R. L. Parker (March 20): The cigarette bretle is re-Oorted
in upholstered furniture in Saline.

CARPET B3ETLS (Anthrenussciopro lariae L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (i,'arch 31): This insect w.-as reported' as abundant
in a dwelling at 3Bloominrton.

A P0UTDER-POST 7iTLE (Lyctus sn.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (March 31): Powder-nost beetles .er reported as
damaging old hickory furniture et Muncie.

Kansas R. L. Parker (March 20): A pow6er-nost isct> is re--orted in
oak floors in Salina.

A SILVERFISH (Lepisme sp.)

Kansas R.L. Parker (1March 20): The fishmoth is reported as
destroying paoers in Atchison.


H. Gladney (:.'.--rch 22): A silverfish is rrocertlv cb dant.


..i ssissipp-i




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


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