THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States, issued an the first of each month from March to November, inclusive.
Volume 6 July 1, 1926 Number 5
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
INSECT rEST SURVEY BULLETIN
voi. 6 July 1 1 1926 5
OUTSTaNDING INTO ,TCLOGIC,,L FEzCTUKS IN TEE U1\TT M70 ST IES F JU, 1926
J. j -1ij .1. _L ,rl OR I 11:
AS the -.-.Theit so '--on draws to a close the situation as is fr vor -Iblo but little serious corumrcial d ,inaep by -,,h'e HeFsian fly is reported from any part of the ,-'_-je ,t belt.
In general, over the 'ch-n:ch bug belt, this rest is riot serious. Sc,?+Itor "d
Outbreaks are reported from Mississippi -nd rather intense inf-st-tionc Jn C-Titileastern md northern ilc* rr.sl ,; r,-Aher serious dariiagJ is also ra-portod from Kansas and centr,-1 Missouri.
1he cool late so-,son in the L-kc 'Region -ind YcT- En, l,':'nd re 7uLtLd in n.reports of dama-e by the secd corn rrr, zgot. In sccvcral cases the outbr,,-,kT, Tc_ro confined to fields he, vily -%*Xent&1 7,;: ;,ih or,-anic fertilizers.
ArW.orri outbrel-'ks ,re reported from southern Indiana and II'Lirois, and SOUthvestern 1.1issouri,
Cutrorms continued to be- de,!Ttructive through ecnrly June, yRrticularly in the OIAO and 'UP-,Pc;r 71ississip-pi --Ziv3r Vp1leys.
In the Gulf Region Pn vinusually hoavy infcst:7iticn of corn by tho sucrarc ne battle is rcnortod, in m,-iny c,- ses necessit,-ting replanting of the crop.
Very serious info c11f-.t ions of corn by the larvae of the gr,- pe colaspis h'7 vc been repeated from, Indiana and Illirois.
The corn c r worn h,7,s been cxco-otion.lly troublesome in Ycrth Cl-roli.na, Scuth. C,%rolina, Gcorgia, nd Al nbama. Most of the d,-mcnge in the vicinity of votch fields, from which the -7orms migrated to corn and cottc-n the 7 ;Cch 7,as cut.
Pruit aphids in -_(_,ncral continued to be ,extrorroly r;7 re throu,,7
the C a nt rA Ea s t e r,-q nd Yo -7 En r- la rd S. E t-, -. :,hout Jun:; ov,-r
The codling moth is reported : s decidedly more _-bu-ndant Chan usu il in tl'-'e
States, r, po-i-ts ha-rin':11 boen rccuivcd frc.m Indiana, Illinois, ,nd )Missouri.
In "he 1,Tc-7 Eni j -nd Str tcs the plum, curcul-io nras delayed 'by theretprded
s,; _' z on rs 77,'IS JSO in 'Icr1: State. In the Stc.. -z
R Ft -'Gers to be moru "- L--.nd -nt th.--,n rsu I, Tarticulnrly in, Inli'-a ,7horens --n Gcorgia the infestr tion is extremely light.
7he 7colril Li- Jtrodercs anicc-lis -c.,s found for tho first tir..e n;_ a.r the Coast in the of Mississippi on June 15.
The notat) flea 'beetle ras generally 'prevalent over Pew En"'-Iarc and Y,)rk, ext-eadinr southward to the Disttict of Cclumbia.
T' e cab'I-Iar-c riLq, ot -: ,as reported as --enerally destructive from Miassachusetts '77* st-Url to 'WiscouFin.
,'I rather unusual attack on onion by the fall army,.7orm is reported from
si r! --I rl'i.
7,e -'Oo*%-'-knot ne-. .*:at, de is reported f or the first time t-.,e St'ate of ',Viscoiisin --Ihere it is doing seriob.s darrage to cannery peas.
The boll 7eei.ril situation- has not materially chan ,,ed cince our last
report, except for a heavy infestation ,rhich has develoT Cd in man., localiL. in Louisiana.
-e cotton flea is- --enerally more scricus over t.,-e Eort'- rn ra t of cotton belt than normal.
The rose chafer is generally belo17 normal over the I'ver, F.n:-I,,7d Atlantic States. The only re-oort of the occ,,irrcncP- ol is pect in numbers -is from ITe-bras,-.
Drood XVII of t-he PeriorAical Cicida hac been reported as aD .N-1 a '
:,oni- Iha--, County, 11-ansas, about 100 miles north of the nc-rc-t
i ty f or s 'Dr o cd in Ca s C oi-n t,!, T 'VisFou ri
ZIN'==& 1C --L T ,2URZS IIT Czil'-iD'.. Fa JUI-I iInfestations of the fo.-est t nt cate-.--iiicir art-, ar e t in parts of southern and cer.Lrai Saskatcha-an. reportt,, of its nave also been ro,: ei-,red from the Feace Eiver section of z:I id I
t',--e district south and cast of Er'-nonton.
T'nC c-ostern tent a marked inc- -sc. tli,,:; I V' n
zsct': Cn7 Of t" e Ot, t a-u Ri -.7 C. r -le,-- and in -or"
'V of cc- *--,, rm In t:' '
St. - -, I I 3runs-ic,-, in lhz- 7rcdc-irc 'izLrict' C' 4 '.
SPC': .Les of tc:,,I-lt cLntt --,-'ilars ; re reported ic v, ; r qsc, rcc.
T) I r !7 'x' '-)"t' Cntario is
or but 1- =IttG-rE'd. t li 3 '-,e Lrfoy -- d,
Co-, t -rol ir,!7 7 ln "avc x, n s-,, nn -hich is
f o r:r T I- r t t h e t e r ol' iio ,a 1 cotia-, on tI e
-n 1, )d, he -'e-t-orn c, dar borer
on V,'- ncouir-.r 'I ""L-y'j(j coz ,'-C Of
is on tY,
-123 aIm outbreak of t'-Ie f,-ll1 c7--:srorm is occurring in certai-n 7secti ar of sout'1ern "Ibe-:ta, about 90 ia-:r cent o.f boxeldcrs and :7illo-~s in hle belts I~ein-- af Fected.
:,l~vorm, rinci-pally -,,udius ae--'eii-en--is (Kby.),jv caused an average of 10 per cent in"jur2-', to overvr 'rrcticaliy the ,-hole of southern "lberta, south of latitude 52 0
Cut,:'orms are causing serious damage to field and Par en crlps7 ovcr a great part of M1anitoba,
Tae Pear leaf blister mite is markedly on the increase in apocle orchards of the Okanaagan Valley, British Colurbia.
Stem-roth,erc of the I,,recn apple aphis, the rosy aphs, and tine
black clherry- aphis were c&-Aiceratively scarce in the Niagara di strict, Ontari o, this spring.
The eye-spotted budmotr on the increase in apple orchards in tlh e Hemringford and q~uebec distri. rs, QZuebec.
Mosquitoes of the genus Aed~s are re-ported as very abundant and
troublesome in many sections of Cntarii, Q Ue--c,, and :He'7 3ru1-ns'),ic-- T'JZ is probably largely dluo to the high -river levels in early spring,, --'Lich caused floods at freshet time.
Anh unusual abundance of noTpheles, ma~culi-oennis. leig. was noted in the Edmonton \abarmrn district, Idb'erta, during April.
HITE CRUSS (Phyllophaga spp.)
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): In my last report I noted the
first appearance of MTy beetles. Since that time we have
noted very few of there. They seem to be unusually scarce
Michigan Philip Luginbill (June 23): May beetles are quite prevalent.
The most common species taken in gas-light trap is Phyllopha.
Wisconsin S. B. Frac. r (June 16): Adults occurred in the usual heavy
flight for this brood in Dant, Grant, Iowa, La Fayette,
Marinette, Polk, and Sauk Counties. Some grub injury was
reported also in Grant and arinette Counties.
Minnesota A. G. Ruggles (June 17): Adults of different species of
Phyllophaga have been out in great abundance. In spite of
this in the southwestern part of the State white grubs
are doing very serious injury.
Missouri L. Haseman (June 25): During the months of May and June
unusually heavy swarms of June beetles appeared throughout most of the State and since the 15th of June several corn
growers have submit ted samples of very small grub worms which, in many cases, are destroying the stand of corn
and in one cas a crop of soybeans. There threatens to be
an exceptionally heavy brood of this pest starting off
throughout this State this summer.
Kansas J. W. WMcColloch: Adults of Phyllophaea lanceolata Say
are reported abundant on tomatoes and other garden plants
at Garden City.
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): Mr. Lacroix notes cutworms
to be fully ac abundant, if not more so, than last year
in the Cape region. Garden stuffs of all kinds appear
to be subji, ct to a rather severe attack. Cutworms have
been the bject of very many complaints from many
sections L.. the State.
Connecticut W. E. Britton (June 24): Throughout the State this insect
is attacking various vegetable plants. It is more abundant
than in an average year.
New York 0. R. Crosby and assistants (June 5P rapes, acurrants,
raspberries, tomatoes, and asparagus are being attacked
quite generally and concidcra7ola d,?.qge is bAnZ donc in Olhnutaun-IX7 COIX t
Ohio Mclvin XF. Several. -oecjec- of cutworms in northeastern
ohio a:4c dcotrokr; n- th,-,js-.nd:, of Y-un. n,,rs.,-ry trees secdlin7s d I" Z) D .1 -n-peron.nial -. plants. One '-,:ind is cutting'-Of -"' young plant's and ot--er 1cir!.1eatins off the
Mid-higan Eiigcnia McDaniel (Jline o): Cr1,-,,orr-s are abo-t as troublcf ome as ucii' 11.,
They ha7re been reported especially bad near St- w .4-c'h is aloat 20
miles north of Lar -.rL, -irc vio-king very b,- U-Ly i ..; a il -acre rH-it
'ideld in that dist-rict. Wo are, 'Ury- -r,- cu-1- bait made -,At'-, c-scnate o s o d,-;
in pla-co of ,,, hite arr--- nic an thus far fne rnpor*.s have be-2n good,
R. H. Putt-it (June ): Various kinds of cut,.-,orms -.t "East La-roing
to be nrac'n worse than ai::ual thi ye -,,-.-,
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): Cutworrrz were unu: ually aburdan v this Sinc1 1, J- I I I PC;
sn+ in especia"y co-nspicu-us injury has re- rZe my last rqpor wL n J
to garden croi)s at 1,1ishetwaka and Cary; to onions at SoutIn 73 (- -rC A 1 a
Wars,%wl and A.Ibion, to toinato at Cltyj Scutil Bend, an i
to cabbo o at Gar- and to -=it at South ,cnd, -n(! 'o
cora or as general -nests in se-u ral nort'---, ;rn lc--aiiti --s. 17" )e last
report canine to u.7 16
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (tTune 16): from on glarlioli f ,nd tona c ,
Door ( "bad or. straw!) err ies" .1,; ncc, 1 n SC;:r1Q 11 aSjnr,,a,7 ,.-z t c,!7La to c s
Pepin (1120 por C ent
C, L. Fli:Cl (June 9): Cutworms are work4-nzn, hLa7oc in most s ect io. thro
the v;es+lcrn side of Tijccns4,.r,.
Minnesota A, G,, RuCgles (JIMne 17): Cutworrs w.rc, mcr,,. ,, t1l,,an. I have eveknown thoni. Yho spec Jec has not yet been detormincd. C,no brc)! :o cnt in
army fofrn in the westl rn part of the aeptroy-*n- flax
This was Feltia ,Lilcens 'a!-1-ker, the dingy cutwcrr,;.
North Mwart Lock,.,'ood (Junc 21): Noctuids, ai 770t no', arc eyDakota ce-o4-ionally numExcus at *Mani-7Ln.
Montana, R. A. Cooley (.:,ane 7): Sericus, and extensive outbreak, of Grote,, Povc-sa, -rotzg ort -,o: *onin.
Sm. are re-ported.
Washington R. I. Webster (Mny -41)! 71, rort-s of d:=a-re 1-o alfalfa and to
potatoes are coin:.n,,- in from S-pikano and Stt --,rcn0 COU._ L 2
GRASSHO -, ',?FRS (A--ricliidae)
Ohio T. I.-I. Parks (June 26): Yoiml, grasshoppers are nc7r very r b,.7ndant in
meadows and pasturuo i.-. south-ccntral counties ,. Arro-ng-cments -.'.'or
poisoning are under-ury,
Nebraska 14, H* Swenk (June 26): During the second i7eek in June some
rather important injurioz by lgrassho-prers (Melanroplus 5pr.)
e~ciyin alf' Ifa-- fiI~ dev-,,loped in I~ickolls County and
_s~lo in vestern 1 3ff-ilo :cranty, in the vicinity of 71m Cek
M!ontan~a R. A. Cooley (June 7): A considerable area extending into
~iil, ibetyand Chouteau Counties vwas hcavily infested vith e g -, of Mvcla)lno fhs atlanis RIley this springz. The eggs 'hatched
la te in A4pril and warly in Mlay but weather conditions killed of f
the young nymphs and prevented n. severe outbreak.
Stewart Jlock 7oo1 (Juno 21): Crass.1oippers arc not so numerous
near Hiavre a-, w%,s expf:cted from the number of eggs last autumn,
but were numerous enough to viattant control measures.
Washin-t on 1N1R*EO'RMXS (Sl at ci'idae)
Indiana J. J. D;:v,,is (J3une 26): Wirewvorms are unusually abundant in
all sections of thie State. Continue to receive some reports
of damage to onions in the north east ern. lart of the State.
Corn budly damaged tt Madison, Decatur, Tndianapolis, and
Ohio T. -H. _Parks C (May 31): Specimens were sent in with the statement
thtthywredsroigtomatoes in commercial gardens near
Marietta. This land h!cId buen plowed in the fall.*
Nisconsin S, 3. Cracker (Juno IS) : One report nds re!ceiv,,ed of heavy
damage to corn dt Snu1. City i~n Dane County.
KL-msas J, W 'AcColoc7, (Juno 15) 1n the la st we ek i n May injury t o
gorrmunatin6 corn %ris report e2. from Lone 1,Ozawkie, Farv'eyville,
74huraka, and 73urlinj~ton.
INbrsk M. *H. Snk(June 25): Wirei,.,rm injury was not asimp ort-nt as
usual in Ildbras?,,i this spring. One infested field that came to
our attention wais cornfield. in Sherman County, near Loup
City, -.vhere larvae of *,elanot.,.s fissilis Say had by the middle
of June done some) s(.rious d~neon fallplowed land. A few
& previously te ds t ruc t ion of a rather large planting of
younp: onions rn "al .no County by sm11 a irewormns of the genus
:.onorePediu-, wa-1 br-zx ht to our : ention.
Montana 1, A. Cooley (June 7): O n whneat, potatoes, and peas, general
i~n the State. Sevor. damage in some places.
YOR!. 1 ~ X~ 0T .,._ nbrus simplex H-ld.)
Montana -1. A. Cooley (June 7): t-ie Mormon cricket is very abundant and
doing cuvere dlanage in :!'~'issoula, and Sanders Countkes in
wont ern Montana,
7yonmiag Stewart Lockwood (June 21): The western or Mormon cricket,
Aaibrus eimnlex HalJ, is very abundant in western Montana and
is causing some damage to crops in the Big Horn Valley in Wyoming,
Aist how much damage is occurring at these two places I do not
as yet know but from all reports the conditions seems to be
CEREAL AND FCRAGE -CR 0 P I N SECTS
HESSIAN FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)
Ohio T. H. Parks (May 31): No damage is anticipated from the Hessian
fly to wheat in any part of Ohio this year, The wheat-insect
survey will start June 21 and will be conducted in 24 counties,
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The Hessian fly is abundant, the spring
brood bei.g especially destructive to the late-soan wheat in
the central half of the State.
Missouri L. Haseman (June 25)o There is no particular change in the fly
situation to be reported, little or no damage being reported by
the wheat growers.
Nebraska M. H. Sweak (June 25): The Hessian fly, in consequence of the
general late wheat sowing that has been very widely practiced
over the entire area that was so heavily infested three years ago, has steadily decreased. The present crop is but slightly infested,
on the whole, and the commercial damage this spring will be small.
Kansas 4. W, McColloch (June 1Q): A recent survey was made of the Hessian
fly situation in the northern half of the State. A general light
infestation of the fly occurs throughout this territory but there has been very little commercial loss. Some fields around Chapman and Hays show an infestation of 5 per cent of the stalks. In most
:of the field, however, the infestation is only 1 to 3 per cent.
The cold weather of April followed by extremely dry weather is
largely respcorTble for the reduced infestation. Much of the
hbeAt in th2 northwestern quarter of Kansas is a failure,
ARMf CUTWORM (Choriacrotis auxiliaris Grote)
Nebraska M,1 H, Swenk (June 25): During the entire period covered by this
report large numbers of inquiries have been received concerning
the heavy flights of the moths of Euxca aniliaris Grote that have occurred over the whole State. Probably most of the moths
in the eastern counties have migrated in from the counties farther
west since an injurious abundance of the army cutworm itself
during April and May was not reported from anywhere east of the
n, Ia k,-r.cnna Hays & ItIcO-)
1!cCollcch (June 14): '7he adiilts of this SpeCiCS J1n the imhoat fields in Riley County on Vie Ieads of b. rd.ed,,,vheat but ro far as cA1_ ( _jte2mime they wei-e riot feeding.
ViiF#1 Sa,.iFLY L,..RV E (Species undeterm.im.d)
I o na Dov-41s 'June 26): 17heat savrfly larvc.e *7ere rzf, -7=7bltrealtly
abundant on June 14 in a wheat field 'at Wabash.
CHINCH BUG 1 -lurr,,pterus Say)
Ur g mg r -r -mJ. 0, IPPpper I'murd inj in yo- con inthe iddle..a t f
t he LC t a t e.
H. Rarl :s 31): Adults rere still in hibernation in C n-ld find none in hibernation in*other p. 4 f 'I-It V e en
-.)t1.;ed ro though there 'Ilny 1'. L e
enough to c-usd d-,Yfla7- loc:,,lly. In two or three north-centrPI c u i nt i e c.
S 13 i D T .
T rn ed (Jnn D 21): Severzal complaints h,ive been received n reg-rd to th- c A-1111 bug.
-Flint '.Tiiie I?): TIle chinch bug-cituat-ion has improved lr !:,- 't1le' 1, 7, 0 7r,, zir VOTY LIC"11 Vy ra ns hnve occurred wherc scattered areas sho-ed thet i 1,,f 0 t t ti o: s
1:j S- 0,,,- en:
7 Tlie c1iinch buc, Is late in its develop
C! J I i., the red nr.nph st -n ge on Juuo.
'21 C" -.7- rn.1 1onlg t'-Ie -vestern bortr of t ,.e
0 tj:l Luc VJ3Y cnid(i-,- *C ls flPyYiring, -hich is attractI I -.- ic .1 1,,ttenLion tl-lis ti M.. The e --,rlier'dry weather I -7i*th r ecent rai- the situation i,:, m6.re t o
111. H. 3-cnk (,iin 1 e 2 Tile chincli bug, -ss --as ex.rected, z*oe.-red
in 4.-j7Lrim.3 r.umbcrf- in r he -hent fields of sol-t':enstern nmd The coirntics now most seriously kzff, ct-,d ,re PiclinraEon %Ao(,c,1lY o- ,,or t',c w1iole county), IT,: mah"(entire cotinty, but'. c:--,, ; ially c !st7nrd-.:_,), ctoe (sntirc count-y ,
but i_ tLe somhern ind western Porti C,, ss (-,C:- ttoringly ov(..r the entire cantyy). Johnzon
Lanci.stt.;r. (. Jl p:7%rtc of rhe ccian.ty b it most heaVily
Gage (Qsp.ici-illy northcrnpart), Jefferson (-jjolo colanty), and
Th,iy(;r (s- me
S,, rious chInch b,* infostritions also exist in SiAiric, Nuckoilri
!.ebster, Franklin, HarLin, Trnas, Phelps, Gasper, and Frontier
Counties. Between M ay 26 and June 15, not only were mny "eavily
infested fields of winter wheat reported, but in a considerable
nu-mor of cases young corn was attacked and destroyed as it
came up. In Frontier O'ounty, in the vicinity of Stockville, many
acres of corn were thus completely destroyed by chinch bugs during
early June, one field having 75 acres taken in this way. The
bugs began moving from the wheat and other small grains into the
corn in southeastern Nebraska from June 1i to 20, and at the
time of sending in this report (June 25) the migration is developing very strongly all over the infested district.
Kansas J. W. McColloch (June 19): Chinch bugs have done a large amount
of damage to wheat in Kansas this spring. In many sections they
caused premature ripening of the fields. Migration to corn ane
sorghums began the first week in June owing to drying up of small
grains. In some fields the bugs reduced the w-heat yield 50 per
cent. The number of bugs in northeastern Kansas is greater than
at any time since 1911 and 1912.
SEED CORN MAGGOT (Hyvlemyia cilicrura Rond.)
Ohio T. H. Parks (MIay 31): This insect was sent in by the county agent
of Hancock County with the information that it was destroying the corn planting on one farm in the northwestern part of the
State. The weather has been cool, accompanied by slow growth
since the corn was planted.
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The seed corn maggot was very destructive
in a few fields at South Bend (May 28) and Decatur (May 29)t
About 50 per cent of a field of garden beans was destroyed by this
maggot at La Fayette.
Wisconsin C. L., luke (June 1): This insect is verydestructive this year
in the southern part of this State (Jefferson) Material was
collected 'by the county agent, who reported one field nearly 100
per cent infested as far as examined,
S r;k~r (June 16): Considerable damage in Dane, Jefferson,
and other ecutheastern counties ,
STAJ BORE ( ar9aiem r itela G-uen~,
Nebraska M, H. Swcnk (June 25): During the period from June 5 to the
date of this report numerous reports have been received of injury
by the stal.k horer in fields of field and eeti corn in scutheastern lfebraska, from Ridiardson Ocunty to Ne-ncha.,C sse uceas,
Sarpy. Drdgu and Lancaster Coo.nties. In come of these fields
the damag was fairly extensive and serious,
Kases J5 W McColloch (June 19): Injury to corn was reported from
on : y 2 5,. (June ')): Corn inf ested by this species -.-as r aeived I
irom (June 16): nJury to garden crops was reported
fr om *a i i J. !,,1c r r i am
A2J !4.71(TF, A UirV-is trii-ranct ,t Far,.)
i a ra 2 av i S %,"u-n e ,r Ln g t he la s i o f Arr -1-1 al r d ear T Y 11aY t lie
!iiot1-,- aerj a3und -nt and -arnan.-gs were sent out. The antici- -tcC. -rterialized and the first re-oorts came to -s May
1 from 2--ville in the -cov.-L-,h-:Testcrn corner c- C Sta", R 0-,icrt
coriti.,-ucd to rc-ach laz for the fc1loring localities ,: 7,--w astown, Eilmore, W-7L-Sl: iwton., 3loomfield, Carlisle, 11us'-iville, 70illia-n-.port,
lr.CJ.ana polis, Darlingt,)n, een-C, eld, Franklin Lt.- rboin, lie Delr1--i. Lebanon, and Thornton.
,7'h, a I -- 0 U C r c,) or t, ad t o ti-mo thy m. ead or-i r .Port 1-as on June 21. Dam -,-e was o"."ts'. wreat. :--nd corn. '-,i a nur.Ibe- of cases, be,-inningr jun- 1 rercr+lc. to -us of an abundEncc of" parasitetcocoons in fields rhich infest---d.
-.3on-let A., Pcrt, :: (.Tune 26): Ar.-qy- ,orm. outbreaks are, report: d at several
Oc C. Compton (June 10): Arm-,T orm outbreaks are ju-t beginning to
become e-.riden-G i,-,, L,- Salle County, timothy being attacked,
5. P. Mint Jlane !. )- As was anticipated earlier in the yean, a of =,v.vorms occ-arred during the past month. zh outbr,,,-,'1,c waz ve,.-y p,-eneral, -nd somc dqmage has been reported in 'oractic -.liy all of 4--h-- zo ,--thern and central counties, the local outbre.-al-as not co, :,cvcre as ha,, been the case in scme years, esPCC- all-r I-L 1. 4, -e-por -s o" d, ma, e r ro just cam.-nr 4n from the d T L V J.
northern r' o-L the tite- P,-;,rasites of the larvae were only r-od-=ately lc---y heavy flic hts of mot'r s art occurring in central
sout'--( rn Illinois -: .+. the rrosent time, but it is thoqe--- t that ra r: s i c (Tolenomus) T, dll probably prevent any rec,,irrence of d7r-i7 .25). RL;ceived from the county agent of
n Pemiscot, in thpa-t f I,.' .- 0 a sample of a hall-grown arqrworin wit-11 t"ne L;tat-crn_nt that these 7.7or.ns are migrating frc.m newly cut .ird ot.,(-r crops,, de ,--Z,.ring the. crops a-, k-lhcy gc. T havo notice of the Texas report and am wonderin- if
,7E. rc ro, in for cic,-e 7it'-', the pcot hcr-c in MisZour 4 As I
ruad t-(, signz of tl -e tLi-ii(; .nd r,-1 'cr -back to our big epidszjc
a-n Luc that wc may ve soine trouble wi h the pest, at
Ln 'p-.1,Z2: O.'' Lfiscouri,
1-a n s., i c ja 40 22). Arr.,1, ,-v!ormc 1 ,ere foianl cau-i.1- ,-,"Vy losses, in
1 i- c a"2.n- offL tho c2ikcl,,.ts .!,nd in m t he entire T) '),n .3. of 7 cm c f i cl d r ct-; c- 1- no 1n rer.,ains on the
f r -Li = a S. A.
'0 '1 M -71cb-irsor (June 1,9): Tn(' f lll re-portod from, Bal ,,,jn
County as having destroyed the grass and corn in one field end
\a had migrated to a soybean field.
Louisiana W E. Hinds (telegram dated June 27): Probable third generation
of grass worm now due butrnot yet reported.
GREASY CUTWORM (Agrotis msilon Rott.)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 25): On the 16th the destruction of 15 acres
of corn on rich bottomland near Auburn, Nemaha County, by the
greasy cutworm was reported by the owner of the field.
Ohio T. H. Parks (May 31): Cutworms have caused come farmers in Pickaway
County to plant their corn over. The corn was planted on spring..
plowed sodland. The cutworms destroyed the corn immediately after it came up, at which time they were still quite small. Complaints have .&lso reached this office from Wyandot County in north-central Ohio. (June 26): Cutworms, eltia subgothica Haw,, have been more
injurious to young corn then for many years. Injury is general
over the State and caused many farmers to plant over. Damage
commenced May 15 and has continued through June. In most fields
the cutworms are mixed with sod webworms. Damage has been largely
confined to corn planted on late-plowed sodland,
Michigan Philip Luaginbill (June 24): Corn in experimental plots at the corn
borer station at this place (Monroe) is not seriously damaged. It
is alfalfa land and the worms seem to prefer to feed on the old
alfalfa roots and stray plants.
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (June 16): Reported from Ashland; Barron (considerable
damage); Bayfield (few); Chippewa (some damage); Columbia (not many); Eau Claire (5 per cent of corn destroyed); Fond du Lac (very little);
Grant (some); La Crosse (bad)- Marinette (worse than last year);
Marquette (more than ever); M4onroe (10 per cent damage); Pepin (20 per cent); Polk (numerous); Portage; Sauk (slight damage);
Sawyer (considerable d. nmge);Vernon (plenty); Washburn (worse than
ever); Waushar; Wood.
Illinois tl P. Flint (June 19): Cdtworms have injured corn in the north
and north-central couties, the most abundant and destructive
species being the greasy cutworm, Agrotis vysilon Rott.
SUGARCANE BEETLE (Zuetheola rugiceps Lec.)
Alabama J. M. Robinson (June 9): Considerable damage is being done by the
arcane beetle, which is attacking corn rather generally over the State of Alabama. We had a letter this morning from Shelby County,
stating that if they kept up the work they were doing now the man
would lose 50 or 60 acres of corn. Corn had been replanted. In
only one in! tance has the insect been reported doin damage to
,,u -P, 'r-'alne (in Monroe ClountY); t1--a 0,=-ge is Particularly on corn.
lrz -C5 -'s corn
'be ,n t4-6.in, and it is Fcnerally li,;tribut ,,d a!,r St-,tc,
Q_ I.. par"clalarly in fi Jlds thnt have been pL nted follo,.-ding -,he vrnin- of sod. T'--.r-,y have destroyed ahyrfhere
f om 50 to 9 p r c nt of -fidlds of 2 to ':,0 .crcs.
'.7, (June 21 7ro-n rall zectibns of Mlssicsi-ppi = nl,- ints
d sp. c nons hvc bocm roc,,, ,ived from. corre -,pondents in rc
to thu in,,,ry c_-x.sed to'corn and sugarcane by rigicers,
-ouisiana 0. E. Smith (Junc; 1Q): At Lindszy the inf station was present on
corn averaginp -bout inches hi,-:h that was planted or, sodland.
'I'ho f iold 00-S f-4- 4ed o" 50 21'es of corn. The majori y of th injur
Pl!--.n'Es h d i-a-," recently ,t
..1-tar:ked and no trouble was experienced in -4"ind.ing beetles in the s oil -.,U the bace of frotshly at Ckcd
Plan to. A -cimili- complain' t 7as recei-%,-ed from t1"ic; corrmLinrity on about TILaY 25n The groT,7er visited stated th ,_t -,'.:his ',Cetle had
been z cti-Tro and killing cor:z for about a month.
.2 jDhoi-us rrr -,nli s Gyll.
B:ZIEMAS 3IL_-,.3U'! (22]i n o
IT 6b ra s la vi, H. Sk---qk (Juno, S -rly in June a report -!as received of the
destruction cf about 2C .- .icres o-E' ccrn in Yemaha County ne,-ir P(-"ru
by thi timothy billbug%
1v,A1Z:7 BILL' U r (S-n.F.norhorus m=idic Chittn.
Kan sa s J, W, Mccolloch (june 15) '2,,o fields o^ c o rn a t 1 iotazc) were 4. i id of corn at
ro-p3r, ,,d heavily i, -!f cs;t ,,d 'lay (Janc 3): A f 0
'Piodr.-iort is inf-std. (i,.ine 9): 7,ic county agont of !,-Tont,,; o!lery
county re-porlIc t'hif, in come corn-fisld-,,,
IT or -;Coh. Re '10-, Loilry (Jun_-- 11),. Fc-oorts of -in outbre,-.,I: of who.t is apparently
Ca t -o 1 ina this yworm pro-porrions ,- cre frc m Moore and
Ho.6 on Junr,, 2, 3, and 10. T"hc l.-.rvau mi,-rat )d to cotton
and corn from vot -ch fields wh= -he votch v7as cut 'or hay. They control. J, plou -hcd f-t::rro-S, poisoned-brvin Mrt :111 nnd fx ,en;,tc du-t. ili r- -C_ 0 brly
modcr,7 t o. To my knci-71edge at 10 acres of corn nnd 20 r.cres
of cotton wore dcztroycrl by the ,vorms on thrc.: farms b ,-foro tht y
"orgia Oliver I. Snapp (June 19): Tho corn car worm cortin-u_,d in abundance
in G ,or:,i during crirly June. ZY t1i.- t time it had in
ctch fields and pr-!-tr.h orch!,rds Jr. tt c mi
of thf; Statr,, It iv,%s reported in 1.,irgo =zhlocrs from th-, --oui-horn
p-irt of the State la.,t month. It has Itcen rm,ch nacro
injurious in the Stato this yuar thnn -normally, doing serious
damago' to peach orchards an:vetch fields. It was found feeding
on the buds of zinnias at Fort Valley on June 16,
Alabama J. M.. Rooinscn (June 18): The corn ear worm and cotton boll worm
developed the first generation on fields of vetch that was not turned under before seedirg. These larvae migrated from vetch over tb cotton and corn and destroyed several acres in various
portions of the State,
SPOTTED CUCUMBE BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-pnctata Fab.)
Alabama J. 1M. Robinson (June 1i): The southern corn root worm has been
very active on the young sprouting corn, particularly following
the turning of vetch which has become one of the outstanding soil legumes for our State. This insect has caused damage varying from
50 to 90 per cent in the cases reported.
GARDEN WEBWRM (Loxoste~e similalis Guen,)
XEmas J. 71W. McColloch (June 14):. Two reports of severe damage to corn
have been received. At Eldorado the worms are bad in corn growing on low areas. At Alma a 60-acre field has been ruined. This
field was in alfalfa last year.
SOD W~EORMS (Crambus sp.)
Ohio T. H. Parks (Tre P): Damage to corn from sod webworms has
been very severe in all parts of Ohio, Feeding of larvae extended
from May 15 to June 20 and caused many farmers to plant their
E. W. Mendenhall (June 2): This pest is reported very had in some
fields of corn in Piikaway County and farmers had to replant their
Illinois W. P. Flint (June 19): Species(not positively identified) have
been very abundant in all parts of the State.
CORN ROOT WEB0RM (Orambus caliginosellus Clem.) WEst V. E. Rpuse, (June 14): Reports from Morgatown, Clarksburg, and
*Irginia MoorefielE of the corn root webworm were received. It is quite
general Pnd rather destructive in these localities.
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The corn root webworm has been more abundant
and destructive this year than for many years, The first report
of injuryj to corn came to us ,aLy 31 from Salem, Subsequently,
up to June 1.9, many reports were received, including the following
localities; Brookston, Columbus, Lynn, Marion, Windfall, and New
dhigar Philip Luginbill (June 10): Corn in experimental plots at the
European corn borer station shows a slight infestation by webworms.
THCCi' -'OHID (Ar-nic- rvi-Ai -radio'i s Forbes)
Neb~ka ~ i '"e;':25): corn root a-phid was reported as badl.y
ir.-urinc ccrnfi e.ds in York and Frontier Counties during late
MArLy .nd early Jie,
GH? COTASIS (oanebr-rnne t -ab)
Tndian% J. J-, Dr.vin (Juine 2't"),: The clover white grub destroyed considerable cc--n -in 2ush and Wayqe' "Icunties, both- reports corriri in
Junie 21. Therc wacre also reports of damage in 'Warren and Morg-n
Counties on this daiL-o.
Illinois 'J. P, Flint (June 19): The grap e colaspis has'been' very. destructive to corn on clover sod in the west-central 11iiris,
counties. Larlrae are just becoming full gro-,7-, but in many cases
feeding haz cantinuhed to a time when it wvas too late to replant
the injured corn 1i ells. Altlaough ne-rly ail of tho'- ~a 26 has occurred Mhere corn followed clover, several cases o-f injidry
have leer, found -where corn had followed corn,
j j H,3. (Junec1) AtJ %ic.t 200 acres in, Morgan Countyr
we3re wij)cd out. Infestatic.i ; as knovmn to occur --,n Christian
a:-id Scolvt Crouties alCso. It was necessary to replant the corn,
BATBD FL- A B3=TL *(Syfstena I eniatr Saj)
Indiana J. J- D Viz (Juno 26): 'The banded floab-etioe nas destructive
at T- Fi vetto; C'.mbridf City, Ris~~land ill-ars-oort
t o v,' K -x ec r;)pc~ but sp c al1ly t, c ,n -d cal 7 ae 's e
report. ~a v e c o me to u s b ot:.c en Ju. i 1 a-,id. 25. zn e to0cc 0r* .A
at A!11bia.. wPs vC e e ovrj on IJu re 9, .ard t o s oyb eans at
Plymouth on ju a--.,
CORN EA-- ;7QTMEM (7- iothis obsoleta Fab.)
~~xr (June 15); rt were obs-,erved f o- the first time U .1-1 J,:vno4 z, Ud on the 7th of juna sinl lar
t:ore oor.~ .n alfalfa at HA
:;flj~ ~ O2IA(T~Ot~O irilalis Gucn a
n-"'>5A~ rW Irn~oa s~1T'v tr tip P~ afsPr et q&s
<>KL-7 J1;T to cK1 t'" cu.o iLn
La r Ve fields
..~( ~c:xnuT, c O IT: fhe sr~ Lp~ t'o be
mnateriali zing. Thn~e mthc were numerous lact year but no injury
w.,as done. They r;e-e probably twice as numerous this year as last,
The first generation was rather light so far as our collecting
VARISGATFU CUTTO.IY (onhotia mr, rritosa saucir. THbn,)
Kan sa s Roger 0~. Smith (June 15): Cn the survey trip merntionod unr~de
the garden webworm 'we found this i~rsect abimdant under hay pilec
and in standing alfalfa near Salina and on the experimental
farm at TTays. They were plentiful on the college farm also. Local
outbreaks were predicted. The one on the college farm failed
to materialize, because of heavy parasit-izm and ur,sual activity
of grackles following the first cutting. An eternal feeding
hymenopterous parasite new to all the t.embers of this 'dopazrent
was found unusually abundant. As many as 30 per cent were thuas
parasitized in some fields. They are now being determined by
Gahan. The cutvor-ms are scarce now and no injury here is likely.
CLOVER SEED MIDGE (Dasvnneura le=uminicola ILintn.)
Idaho Claude Wakeland (June 21): Clove,-r fields at Ermmett, have recently
b-_en, found to be abnanl infested with larvae of the clover
seed midge, Dasvneura ~f~~cl~ To my knowledge this is the
first report of -this inr-ect in-Idaho, althouen it has been known to occur in western Cregon and Washington for a ~mber of years.
CLOVER =EAO- 7EVIL (Ehera -onctata Fab.)
Oh i T, 19, Parks ('May 31): *.he clover leaf weevil has lbeen quite
common Uhic sprir _:.-nd !,as rend.-,red redI clover foliage llrag-ea."
over rmch of t'he State, Adulitcs of the over7,interigt- boetloG were
sen.t in from PatnamiCat with the zt-Ltcment tha' t iey r-erseriously damrirg alfalfri. Adults were found in the fallen
leaves of woodland on May 5~I havoc seen more of the overrwi:1tering
adults thick year than in former years.
Alabama i. M. 1obinson (June, 18) The clover leaf weevil 7was reported
fro Wa~ly, la, a grating in large numbers from bur clover to and devouring been leaves.
12 SS al, C 10MP11h LAD 7; WER 1L (Th t o -io mus n iSzr ir o st is F-a b)
Oh1i 0 T. H. Parks (May 31): The clover bud weevil has increased rapidly
during the last 1C days of Maiy atid.now gives promise of doing considerable dam, ge at Columbous. Almos-t every b.ud has from one to three young larvae in it.- They -were5 first. noticed on, May 15, at which t ime th~y were f ced-ing betweo-n tender unfolding leaves.
Larvae of all sizes were Iresent May 29.
(Lyco-chotia mar-aritosa s ucia Hbn. lliscissi-ppi R. ';. Earned (June 21): The variegated: cut7rorm -as reported
as feEding on clover at Grcenville or, June 1.
XAFIR -M Q olenopa j riolesta Say) K?.n s a, s J. W. McColloch (June 12) Injury to germinating sor-Ilum seed
has been reuor-'Ued from Ho-ard, iurusta, and Y-tes Cent( r. At
Yateo Center some fields have been replanted trace.
CORN LEZ' aPHID maidis Fitch)
Kansas J. '4. McColloch (May 27): '.',inged forms of this aphid -ere found
for ti-e first timo this season on early-plnnted sorFhurris at
Ya nha t t an.
7_,E,-iT (, ,-r otec. mancus Say)
Ne -- York 0. R. Crosby and ssist,7xts (June 11): Serious infest -tion -ras
noticed in one field in Ontpxio Cou---ity -here an entire stand of
oats 7as destroyed,
LITTLE *OOD S_ T IR (Ci,,, Li e rytus 7 b. Ohio E. ;. IMendenhall (June 10): 1 found it at sl-kady-forest ed,es
fo,. diiag on I found quite a Mood many t Eu,;rcne, Knox
County, but the dirna,:7e apnnrcntly is slight
V M (Ancmli_ ,la orien-1-alis ','7atbrh.
Cnnnc ct i cu' '.7. E*' Britton (junc 24): Treitment is no,:" being given infested
ln77ns at Ne- H,-LlrC.l a--Id several ton of crbon-disul-phide emulsion
,o, vo been applied -ith good r_,sults. Somn of the grubs,
ru-q,, tcd !i.nd on,-, bectlo 1- o This ycar it is More-ebundant
ac coriwirt d an avcr,'.'I c yc.,,+,r.
F R U I T 1 117 S E C T S
APHI I DZ
3ourne (Juno 2?): Cne or t--o cojpla'ints havc bccn reccived rclativc to C-My bund-nceof these insects, Md such
rur -_)rts I-s lv vc corne in h nve tl,,-,xt the injury is
alrjoct entirely con-Lined to young, ner!ly-set trees.
_1~42T.H. Parks (M1ay 31): Aphids are conspicous for their ab ,e- ce
ihis year in alil 17.rts of thie State, They are not even to 'be
fadon spirasa at this ceazon of the year,, They are cifficiilt to irAon fruit trees, pea,_, and clovers.
Indi ana :Deruiet k, Port ex (J~une 26): The a'mTle -.rain aphid and ti-e rosy
ap-oic aphid. have beon almrzost totall-y absent fror. this sec i on ('Vincenrnes' this season. 7he g-reen apple aphid -;as very scarce
early in the season, but irs now present in moderate numbers in c
L.ichigan Eigeria McDaiel (June 9)'enerally speaking this 25not a -rla
Icuse year so ,ar in AdM*,chigar_; howev-er, the rosy ap-'pie aiihid is, comnenn~to ro"71 leaves here -at Lansing,, the mature femalez being present and the young about to appear. Arhis ri-4 7
is present in some orchards near St. johns and apple aphids are scatte., cl 1-:zc- an,:, 'there over the low,-er FL--:t1 of tlia State. 11he
weati-er c~ tosare cool and -et, we shall not be surpm'ispcl
Aphids ap-po-ar later in numbers.
X~s~~n S. B. Fr-cicer (June 16): All s-aecies are very ocarce in 1 oiixs. n
this spri=, iA few cpr s. There noted in D.,)ane an'_ DoCor t~
Apryle aiohids are rare.
!"in:nesota A, G. RQuggles (Jiine 17): Aphids of all kinds~ are so far very ccc
141isso'n'j L. Haserecn (June 25): .1lant lic continue to be unrsu'ilv scarce
on the tree fr-ritc!, there having been practically no coaapieIints
from fruit Ero,'-erEs on this pest thus far this sumer, Shrubts .nd
ga--rden fiolns havje also suffered lesc than usual this ,nont'>
ROSY ATh2 f-H: (Anur.aphis roseus Daker)
0 -ne t icut M. F Zape (J~ur~e 22)' This insect was very scarce earlier in fc
season but is very much more plentiful no-w07
17ew Yoi-k C. R.6 Crosby and assistants summaryy of situation April 2>'_T-tnc 12):
Reports from, all parts of thie State indicate th at Lhis neq-t T7-5L
extremely scarce on the pein budsq As the s season advanced i e&
ap-prent that the infestation in the Hudson River llrwa cte
tihau in -Tc stcrn N2TY_,Frk,, Gro' lers rather gener,-lly applied cor'-rol.
measures io7 this Last in the !DTtdson River Valley. Scattered -c-io'1i:,ar j t o bx f o-cn but onlyr in very f e!- irst an ce o are they cau:;n
coi-neicial losses, La the 7vestern New York fruit belt grow r-- very-,
ge.ncrai 11y o~pit,ed coatrol measures. It is estimated that thIese 'gro"'ar
Eavcd n Vv: --cof dollars. by omitting nicotine 7 ulphate f.-rn
the sr~rav _ffi),rily ap-plied for the control of this pest,, Reports frorin our ass i stants, in Chautauqua, Erie, Orl eans. Genesee, Wyoming ,
care'o. and Crtari: Ocounties indicate little or no infestation of .i
2.nzect in the orch'ards examined. In 7.7ayne Courity a few orcherd
in the sovthera pa rt showv slight infestations.
V~~~~ -.a~J~She~e(a 2 h rosy apple aphid is present in
curside.:able uir in orchards in the central ard Fout, rn pat
oi thc 6-1aze,, Suu3om injury Is being caused. Although the m~a o
p ciedha&s zt2-rtcd, the aphidz are also sEpread over the tre-es. 32; 2; v ;ar'- vci-v difficalJt to find On the bud< tthe Iti _0 Ile 11,,n-ant s-ray was applied. Since then the weather has b-e-r
c,)ol and d:'-y.
(00DIITC1 ZM0H (Carrocapsa nomonella L.)
4M,__ zachnt:etts A, I., Bo-Lrne (June 22):. The continued cold vanfavorable '7eathe-r conditions have very much retarded the seasonal Tvl~eto
t>2S isci C-ti-.t. rn ob cervat ions and those of Mr htobin
Md dlesex Counity show -that the emergence of the moths isch
retareed. by this coid. weather, which is aloo retar(7ing to a -7reat
I~x h Crolna T. W Leb>(ay 19): The first adult errged fro an ovsrwnei lar -:a today in the mountains of this State,aoCor,,i-_-- to J. C. Cia'.ord.
Iiidiara Bennet A. 11ortcr (June 26).* Unusually abundant. Infesta1tions -ill rir fro'ri 10 to 20 per cent in unsprayed or poorlysrydochd,
i ,,T c%, iri n g--,he f ru it a t H en d r Go n, Ky. orn Ju ne- 10C andI-: a but :j, a t Viacenas s.
J, J, Davis (.Trne 26): Mhe codling moth is very abundant in many U~n., La ~ct_, 4 lthoqrh'r late in rig its initial a~ eaa nca, it has caurght up and the second-brood spray vd.ll come~
aDocut thec normal tire
1T, P~ F1 jn 'u (Juno 19) The codling moth is much more abundant
than uzs_' in the '-eil sprayed orchards, but in central and southern,
lllinoi:c scome examinations have fhown as high as 10 per cent
infastaition by the first brood. The first-brocdl wormz. are lu-At
1x avirg ttao apple. in the southern and southwestern part.- of the9
7:-, ~ L ora (olinPue 25>J This pe st is ag-ain irnetular as reg-ardis its
~iorU 1C ycleo A large percentage of the months deve"Lorpin ~rCn Lvr -trn 'r~sdirterge until about the let o-f
Ji'r ) in ~t-AMiwcuri though scattering numbers ecr.-Ped -,jjCh
(~'i>~,,At thir- Jate (June 2--) a great ri-,.ny of the ic ~ yo
I'~rvae ar leaving -he fruit "'hile many, on the other h ,and, ihavre
scfirc ely entered thc fruit. This will me an an irre,7,lar erncrenea
of the r:;n~o ot* s during July and consequient ly rae
.Iifficu3t if kerm*,cv' 7,av on the fruit to protet it,
Mtisscsip0i R, roo(d (Yure 21): Specimens of the codlinp. moth werercivd
on Jun-, 10 f'rL~n 1JOUiSVillO, w' incton Co--unty,, -~here the-y were mgn
Fz 21W TEN7, CATTFPILDL' (Mil a Cosorra amen ca nn Fab.)
llacz';chusetts A. 1. or'. (June 22): About the 9th to 10th nf June the apple
tent caterpillars rare observed to be jeavin,7 their colonies and
c-.ai-1ir,- about fJnce-s:, roarl,11) etc. in preparation for s,-.up. The bulk of t'_ ,eir feeding for t-1--e preoent- s; acon is ove.except for a, fow t1lat are now beginning to disappear.
Connecticut W, E. 3ritton (-June 19): Most caterpillars have now yu-ratcd throu -, ,1- _.
out the State.
o4s --P'on (-June 9): A rath,-,r heavy infestation occurs in parto
of Ste-r1ienscn Ccuntv, A fe- tree! have, been r7 rtially defoliated.
The caterpillars 7re from cne-half to full
E,.'r-,,-SFCTTED EUDMOTH (SRilonota o, ell,-_-.na Scl-Aff.)
Nevr York C. R. Crosby and azzsist-ants (,-_umTary of situ ticn 2 -Juno 12):
Very comr.On. and more serious t'-,.,n last year i-a Cou-_,-Ay.
Larv ,e ."irst 1o-and active Ln 0., troyin7 bud-, on Anrij. 2P Very
abundant, and more CC,nrol -reene County. Urnizu'ally
.I than lost year in C U _L -L
ablandan4 -nd rather seri in !',ayne
U- in C1.au1-7uqua C-unty. General a Cu
County, more comrman t'--,an last year in 11',onroe County, and in Orle ans
County. it is an-yrent'L.y nore pre-,f 7.lcnt ena injurious this sea,, ;on
than last, T-hile i.i Ciin'Uon County there is a nod.ara k-.r ; infeLztation.
-_Omet.aria 1,11- rr.
Connecticut Philip Garman (Jiuae 23): Some trees 7ere comm-pletely defoliated
a JU, Hamden an.0 the fruit eat,:.n.
C. Scj :377-A,1L7:1S mpjiyor. _lla Riley and (C. f-letcherella !'ern.)
New Yoric C. R. Oro7by and f i, i f,, t5 _-,n t s 3-i! 23 to June 12): The firstnamed species in g neral is -nnrc co=on tha-'.., C. fletc'--Irella.
In Greene Count-%- only a felr7 M-17-e -fatind, Quit -, p e,,-14 Li u- c -dfor orchards and e,,e-n in soi U_ usually
-ie corivnorcLal pla ntin
com,,-, on this year in 7ric Coun-t,y, D,_,in- cons idcrable ir.
unc-prayed orch,- rdz in Cnondaga Coant%--A foixnd in all
orc-nard c. In #7(- Yne Counkty 5.t i s rather, ccmmonl,7 found.
,,-:hundant than 1 Tt We- r in "ionrce County. Com,7only fOund in many
orcilards in Gonocee Coun_,I y.
FRUIT TR= :jEZ ROLL'_ i ( rciEs ar_-T.yro -rilq -1-alk.
New York C. R. Crosby and as,;iistants (A-oril 25-June 12) This pest is Eone::ally distributed throiwaout t'-,.e State, -here it does a snall amount
of damage each 7ear. L fe- orchards in -estern 1-,e- York, h0-7ever are
very seriously infestt;d. R-_ -oo-rts about this pest follo77 Uls-,er
County: Found quit, generally inf, sting ap )le P.nd p 3 r. Greene
County: Many 17 rv-_e observed in arple orchFrds; more common
than last year. Onondaga County: Serious in s-pots, inore serious
t hzf n Th st y c.;. T i a,~ 'nty : C,. -t i d e o f a f e, o rc h, ird o wh i
have been severely inf ct ed for several years this Pest is found in moderate numbers in the average orchard. Orleans County:& While
this pest is generally Jistributed throughout the county it is serious in relatively fe"T orcha.-rds. This season it is apparent
th"A a nambcr of gro-',ers -w-ill have to taki, special control measures
another season if this pest is to be kept in check. 1.onme County:
Scattered infesta-tion gener_ :11y. In a fewi orchards extremely
abundant. Columbia County: :odcrate infestation.
:~naaR .Col~ Jn ) hs severe pest of the ap-ple, which has 'been
in Ravalli ,.nd Missoula Counties, continues to do dmaga Ivhere no spraying is done. Oil sprays are effective but some zho fail
to spray are keuping up thc: infestation.
F ALSE APPE RED BL-1' (1L:;4idea mendax Reut.)
Connecticut 1M. P. Zappe (June 22): Red bugs are very scarce. Those that have
been seen are nearly mature,.
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (Jun~e 2,)). Thoe apple red, bug, from our own ohzeraticn.
and reports w~have received from other pDoints in the State, appears
to be -oresent in smaller numbers than usual. 'To 4in!stance of any
a'uundonce of these insects has been brcraeht to our attention thus
Nch-York .R rob-n. ici summaryy of situation A-pril 25Jne1)
T-Roports from 7'arious ra-_rts of' the State indices that the infestation is rat.,her ~e~Jbut spotted. S-Pacl:2.c reports follow.Dutc*h1e--z County: Infestation -il .ght in most ( rchards. Ulster
1-o nt-:: Very little in.--r7 suen or rqctc1 from t, i'zpet Greene
County: Cn May 19 found a few. -Relatively few orchards have
appreciable infestation of this pest. Pr-actically all of L. mendax.
InOnndga County 1etercrordL1s malinus first appeared wh27ile
a-,pje buds rere pinik. :-his insect started appearing about a week
lat-ar. Infestation rather m-neral. Ontario County: Infestation very light generally. CausinF, commerdial losses in only a few
nrcha,,rds in 1,7ayne County. Both species found in numbers in a few,?
plantir.-s in !ionroe County. Columbia County: Fairly abundant in
come orchards. In JeeceCounty, :,pparentl1'7 infestation is light t1his season. Wyo;Ming County: Aprprefttly numerous in many ordhards.
Clinton County: Examination failed to reveal the presence of this
SAT J-IS SCAI3 (A .idi otus rernici 22's Con.st.)
I nd iana J. J. Davis (Jun-,o 21)): The San Jose scale is continuing to cause
troit'oo, recportr, of unur-aal abundance coming fro- central. Indiana.
Bonnet A. Pc~r(Juna1 F'):irst crz.rlors -cre noted at Vincennes Juno 1.) ton drvs 1 iter tha, n normal and twenty days later than in
1)25. Little spotting of fruit hzc been observed thurs far.
.,:Lch pan Thc-7oni% ','cDanicl (June 9) : 7,c SC iz Toso ic,,A is fa,,r from abundant
in Michigan just at resent. TWe have never known it to be so
scarce since its original establidament in the State.
OYSTER-S ELL SCALE (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): The young of the oyster-shell scale began
to appear on apple on or about June 2.
SCURFY SCALE (Chionascis furfura Fitch)
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The scurfy scale has been on the increase
in apple orchards according to the numerous reports received. These
reports came from Coatesville, Elwood, Farmland, Greensburg,
La Fayette, Rushville, and Scottsburg.
APPLE LEAFHOPPER (Empoa rosae L..)
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): Apple leafhoppers continue to be present
in very small numbers. In fact, from the standpoint of orchard
pests, they can safely be ignored thus far.
Virginia W. J. Schoene (May 28): The leafhopper Empoa rosse is reported
to be causing serious injury to apples in Patrick County. The
variety of Stayman seems to be the most seriously injured
A LEAFHOPPER (Zmpcasca fabae Harris)
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (June 16): Very common on apple throughout southern
Wisconsin, migrating to potato early in June.
PLUM LEA BEETLE (Nodonota tristis Oliv.)
West Virginia W. E. Rumsey (June 23): We have received several reports of injury
to apple foliage in Berkeley County by the plum leaf beetle,
SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rueulosus Ratz.)
North Carolina R. W Leiby (May 22): Adults of the first generation are now
emerging. Severe injury to 100 healthy 2-year-old apple trees
was caused by adults boring into the bases of new-growth shoots.
Beetles bhemerged by thousands from dead peach trees and limbs
piled in a ravine close by.
BLACK APPLE LEAFHOPPER (Idiocerus provanchuri Van D.)
New York C. R. Cesby and assistants (June 12): In orchards examined in
the Hudson River Valley this insect was found quite commonly. The
infestation is probably greater than last season.
APPLE FLEA 'EEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)
New York D. D. Ward (May 4): It was on this date that the first injury was
noted in the several orchards infested. As in past years, considerable damage has been done.
Indiana Bennet A. Porter (June 26): More abundant than usual at Vincennes.
APPLE CURCULIO (Tachyterellus quadrigibbus Say)
aieuvippi R. W. Harned (June 21): Complaints in regard to injury from the apple curculio, accompanied by specimens, have been received from
Cannonsburg, Jefferson County, and Nicholson, Hancock County, Both
of these complaints were dated June 17.
Knsas J. 7. Mcolloc (June 4): This insect is reported abundant in some
of the commercial orchards in Doniphan County.
A LEAF BEETLE (Gastroidea aehea Mels.)
Yirginia W. S. Hough (June 5): The beetles are congregating on the young
apples and eating holes into the fruit, sometimes going as far as
the core. In several orchards at 'inchester the loss ill probably
amount to 1 per cent of the fruit on the trees attacked. This
is the second spring this beetle became. abundant enough to cause
noticeable damage in commercial orchards; the first outbreak ocorred
in June,192 .
EUROPEAN RED MITE (Paratetranychus vilosus C. & F.)
Connecticut M. P. Zappe (June 22): Insects plentiful on unsprayed trees. COrchards
that had delayed dormant spray of oil and regular spray schedule afterwards had no trouble with mites. More plentiful as compared
with last month.
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants (summary of situation April 25-Junel2):
Last season this pest was found in considerable numbers in practically all orchards in the State. In the Hudson River Valley in
particular considerable bronzing of the foliage was noticed. This
season it is interesting to note that practically all of the mites
had hatched before blossoming. Wh ere a spray application of, lime
sul-phur was applied just before blossoming many oforers report a
great reduction in population as the season advances. Reports from
specific localities are as follo-s: Oragge County: First hatched
specimens found NW; 12. Dutchess County: Hatching rapidly week ending
May 15. Apple buds in pink stage. Ulster County: Practically all
the ogs had hatched before apples came into blossoming. Greene
County: Most of the mites had hatched before blossoming. Onondaga
County: Over half of the eges hatched before blossoming. Infestation
severe in some orchards. Chautauqua County: One prune orchard badly
infested. Albany County: Just hatching May 15. Wyoming County: bout5
per cent of eggs hatched by May 15.
Michigan Eugenia McDaniel (June 9): The turopean red mite is yery plentiful
in an orchard near St. Johns. The characteristic red spots on the
leaves were noticeable on June 1.
PE STTj1-' ides li-! a,-i na, Ret T.
ebr a ska F, (June 25): The ursual amount of inJury t,)
re orted duri ,,
pezir -Leaves by the, pear slur 7,o p
-v Y C C., R 0 r o s by a i i d a s s,* s + ar' s m, 1-- -LIp to T an,,- 12) Zoir 7
ab10 on pear, in Ulst -r County.' Infa,-,'Iati n r-tIier
and in COM3 instances causinE con--iderable loc :.
TZ A7, 3 T J717 7,,Fr
_LT7 (Friorh ,es -Pvri
Yi-,rk fe t I or
Crosb-- and a s! stant s (June 12 S2 ig'It L- en n Gr e enr T,.-77- nu-nerous in mony orcl-ard in i C, 4
Orchard -.-2 'D3dly inf 7,Fted the 7-c--n,:7- I)earF UISO 2 g--eat deal of the 1-ork of this -nest is ch 0 -i n up in 1-:1OCt
o'--chards in Orleans Co-anty.. Sometime,,,, t'ne vonnf, f-iiit J --,einin-ured. In Genesce County there is nore. th3n the :a-!*--r,-.-e infe tation.. Gor.ri,,-,only fo,:Lnzl this se-qFon and Ioi-1,7 sarc,
d.ama,7,e in a few instances.
PEO P," YL:,A ryricola Foer t,
V R. Crosby and assist.f ,Intc summaryy of sit-,i-tibri 2 -J, Reports frcm specific localities follow., in Gren ze Count e 7, ,
de-Position ,ra,7 heavier than last season. 17irst nyrr.-o?-L",
ate County. Infl---- aticnn
Most of the e-c-,,s were Ia-id before lblc zc -7in:33ecause uf the use of' various sprays cLevolopment cf t-,-1e inE ect iMuch varied, 6vi-cosition in Greene County, T'ir?t .
of orly a moderate infestation this in Crt- ---io
parently the infestation is
ccrrmon at this time of t'P,e year in Orleans County.
avopar7 to be ritther severe in Colum,"bia Coun -y, Ar
not in 2,u-h nu;Tbero as --ould indicate a Ee-4i,)jjs
cea,--on in Cle--.es e r;oulity. 'rn ,73,-,Tne County indiicati.cn! are
in-.f'estatior. bu moderate tnis season,, r Z,3o in ; cn---je
inlicati3ns are t:iat infestation -411 be r.ci-1-,-a11c ul-is !7
FZM Ti i7t-, ..7S (Taeniothri7 q
W,.% R, Crof bv and a ,cictarfts ( Fummary of situption !-vrr n
--n t on -7,; a -e d o ne Mr, is Ye a r
becau e bads de-,relopeJ q:ait-- n ,,7:57-dly a.11.er the 71,.
ma-e cnt-----e, ,Jay 21 so,-e injur, to the lesve7, not;
c--char-. s. In UlFter Countv -7ere folan l i,
in the buds of ap-ole, pear, s-eet clkerrie-, ;7ind
I --i general damn-c-e has been sli,7.ht this cea on, C DuTinr
in a fcw rlartfr,7:7 of Occkcj -ne "o,
e v'e r i-11j"a'Y Ir Line or n U 07.1 Z.
s r,7 0-1 s ti,),rt o n AT-r i I 12'
u:7s c; -mrl Fa- -cr-te !--,),ve bee,:'i _71
be --_n fo-und ir. UI Clounty o-o;-on it c :-je-e -han lact
3 be(7n obr erv, -' xc7irral ly in "re,,-e
e r r a C 0 -p dc s f -cy? d, T,7:-we -.,ere -'clan l c, the b of pears just
4. dL 'b, 0.
n I c-- J f;
Er;l-)a-r-3nt on certain v L.I-, i ot i e s arj, -e U--' + 17
J, in trap cn date
Gc vas o' served in s t
_7 "UL I
-u. 22): of the. T)Tiri rn-rc ir T bc :- -n
Tune:'. 7 0 C C- a012 -v I LT. 0 r C! 11 o i n t i e c e r n t o f h e )r t d 4p co
e 0 cl r 0 7-e dn or abott t', 111 of r ge nv., rs ve ccn collected since tl,, t ti=. From in ti-at section the abu-,I ,nce of tr e pect is aboiA r ma AS far as our olllsorv_'itions in t'---- --Stern section of the n: ern od lp v ,e h,,tve n o t a s y ct e -a n,,, i r-L5 c a' i on,,; o f a' )undL -o rcst. -r,, iJently, fr(;m. the data: at
0,,,--,, n o 11 t'-i r ca t; c n o c au s e q -a i t e s o M., ch injury as norrrnll,,C'Iltt3e,
0 t i C U'-'
P'lilip 3f'r- .ian (Jare At--ickinx a37.ples at F-m.,den, Amrrc-tly
less abundrt and as corr :3rt d -,-it-h "'17e
ane, mcre rith 1,)st 7nonth.
Yo-r+k C, R. Oro:71 y nnd as-dsta.nt of Situation -c-r-il r2r-'
-Ir i n on ch e r- i c s on bein,,7
i I r o z" lo t
-eni r.,Ilv con,- r n ud in 7
i y -2 o n c r i.l I I i
apTIC 0" b a no t 1,1 :) i cr ior,_in '%
North Carolina R. r.. !Leiby (June 29): Fir st-generat ion beetles -egan em rerc5n3 from soil on Jutne 19, according t~r J. A~. Harris, or about 11 days later than last year, The dry sea,7on has ar,-arentIy prolonged tUhe us-a1 30> efcd spont as a larv. n. r in the soil by t-o to three days. IninJ .; -ai (June 26): Th'-e pl~rn c, rculio seems to ',e unus-:a1:'y
abjundannt th.-rcu-hout the State according to r eports and p erscnal observati ons.C
Missouri L~. Haseman (June 25-): 7ith an exceptionally a7ood Tet of stone
fruits the -olum curculio, has aioearea. in unusua!:l nib"'rs and where .fruit s have not been properly protectcd pihsprays the curculio has done serious damage. The larvae are leaving the fruits at t'ii~s timne.
wisconsjn S. B. Frack- r (June 16) : At least as much dara a ucu,?l in,
Dane, Poor< Vernon Counties, and in the southr'estcrn raitto the State.
ELROP'SAT PUIP SCALE (Lecenium cr,-ni -2ouche)
New York C. R. Crosby and asz-istants (Ma.,,y 10): Practically ,Il plantingss
in Wayne Couny >s >n infe Gtcd a-nd half a vic
severely so. In !'A'a-ara County this pest increased --featl~y last season, making it necessary to apply control Measures"
EY-E-SCTTED BUEDMOTK (f, nilonota oceli1ana Sch-iffr.)
I dah o Claude "Wakeland (June 21) L arvae that -,ere 'destroying foliare
and eating into the fitof prunes at Bu~hl thj,-Is string have been reared in the labora"tor1y, and adults cc-int to Dr. Heinrichn
-'ere determined as this ~eis, This insect haq- been reported by Dr. Aldrich from northern Idaho but I believe hac no t bezz recovered south of the mountains before.
PEAICH BC?E (Ae ,eria exitioca Say)
Georgia Oliver 1. Snapp (June i9)'3f The peach borer is quite n-umer-ous
i~n orchards -here the gro-wer skipped the paradichlorobenz-ene treatmont for a year.
Indiana J., J. Davis (June 26): Many reports of abundance of the peach
tree borer have been received from all sections of the State during the past month.
PEACH T.I'u BOR~ER (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)
Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (Jlne 22-23): Light infestations of ths Qeach
twig borer iwere found in orch.-ards at Mc~onougli and Canton.
Ohi o T. ;. ParIks ("ay 311: Th-, pcacL twig borer haz boen dnyra,-ing
c i in urnsey Ccvnt Olndo rin-- I'-Y. a ge
is loc-A bvt seric-.is on one fnrm from 7-hich samrles re sub dtt
ROSE CIL-JZ"TR Clacrod--.ctylus sp7)s 'ing.,us Fab.)
Indi an-3, J_ j. D-avis 2S): rose chafer :.-as first reporte,1. as
drcstrlactiv_ to fruit at- -9. s-tjbsnqt- tly it was'
wppr,-, ciably d .,stru,-ti7.e '1-'U- Ha7leton, jbne 3, Frince1*,_ n June 5, and Terre HF.ut;e june 7. at Torre Haute it ,7as espe'.Ai ally des4. _11
1'. Active to neach.
C--IIF,1,7T.,L IMU11! '..-CTH(jL,:-,ne.yresia -riolesta Busck.
"onnecticut Philip Garr ,arj ( .I jne 2-z ."O-ths -ere in Pa..;allinl --Lc'ord -I A bt2., -,irrning June 3. learly t s e in
a unda,- -,ce as compared 17itll',- 1111 average year.
Goor 7ia Oliver I. Snanp (June 19' rather heavy infesli-Iat-ion 1 ,asq found
in a small hor e orcch -_.rd in tho city of 1,31csta, Ga. cn jare 2.
The first infei nation rcro1ted in the zoul-heast 1-ris ir. this home
orc'_nf,,rd in 1923. the i-:,festniior ,rcry light.
rather heavy infestation -;as -eport d -at that point a yea ago,
There are only t,7o cornriercial p, acl orcl-r .,rds invested by t he
-oea(:L moth at -art 7alley- th4s Ye-. '2he in-I--ta'ion at this Point is n o7 mc':i 1 i 4 t e r th an at an,, time since tine insect
e ,, tab 1. i s he d i t -A '1 11 e r c it is believed that the P.-c-cence o f a
host afte- mid-simmmer is 11 vin,- a tendcnc,,r to materially n ,'.uce t he
pest- Georgia. The infestation is also lig ht at -."--con. '.0 1*11f e,=ted com-nercial orcn. rdn, ha- -o Ibeer. foun.61 there. S--;veral inf zted trees 1-iave -een found in ba--k zrards at Macon. ,t Fort
Vall ey, adults of the second ge-aeration are no- 7 emerging %
F_,I U I T T-? :3 PUL7I M (xrIujv-inCrqp amy,7dal i. 011al 71 (June !.2) vnpezri in -- ite serious
vrocv ,ind e t,,,.nt
numb,;,rs in some orc'ii rds in 7,;,ayne County in -,hicI-_ it -:as ar-,- gently
of 1-ittle consequerice lIast
SdT JC-S'-i S'- ,_,' (, rniCiutias rerniciosus "lomst.)
G C 0 r 5 a Snann (June 3': ;.n incrusted in-festation -is observed
in a small here, to d,.iy nich
,,,pr,-arcntly had not received the usual dormant spray. There viere many
PLUI,; CVRCULD"; (Conotrac -elis nenxtrh r Fbet.
Goor-ia Oliver I. Sna-pp (June 1' ): The infestation is extr-_--ely IL ht
in the GQorqia Peac, i ?olt- tl:is Zear. Some rro,7ors r-1port lec! t'.nn
any cea! on cin, e thcy 7ro-.,peaches. A -vormy peach i7 -_ -I er
uncommon here (Fort VAley) thit ye%-,-. TIAs is a case -here five
years of a vigorous suppression campaign has brought an insect
under excellent control after it rendered unmerchantable a large
part of the poach crop in this State in 1920. A peach crop of the finest quality estimated at around 13,000 carloads is ncw moving
to the markets in excellent condition.
SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rueulosus Rat z,)
ndiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The shothole borer was killing peach and
cherry at Bloomington June 12 and cherry at Indianaolis on cone 21
rebraska MII H, Swenk (June 25): A correspondent in Hitchcock Cbunty reported that his cherry orchard was seriously infested -,dth the
fruit tree bark beetle,
EASTEMTENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoa americana Fab.)
ew York C0. R8 Crosby and assistants (summary of situation April 25-June 12):
Very abundant on roadsides in Orange County, commonly found in
Greene County. Extremely scarce in Columbia County9 infestation moderate on roadsides and neglected orchards in W7yoming County,
S R ABERRY
STRAB-ERRY LEAF ROLLER (Ancylis comotani Froehl.)
diana Je J. Davis (June 26): The stra-,berry leaf roller was reported,
June 21 from Culver where it -as quite destructive4
braska M. H. S-nk (June 25): The stra berry leaf roller was reported
during the last week in May as injuring- strawberry fields near
C-rand Island, Eall County.
TRA7BERRPY ROOT TEEVIL (Brachr-hinus ove tus L)
ntana R, A, Cooley (June 7): There is a general infestation of long
stondine in western ontana. The species is present as far cast
as Callatin County, at least, but no damage is being done excepting in Ravalli and Missoula Counties. Dermge begins the second
year after planting and gets more severe until the field is
pl,.owed. The use of super-dried apples ground to about the size of
,heat and mixed with 5 per cent of arsenicals, as recommended by the ',ashington Experiment Station, has been tried this year with
A GELECHIID MOTH (Anacampsis frae-ariella Busck)
tIan R, A. Cooley (June 7): Doing serious damage in Ravalli COcuanty,
in some cases completely defoliating the plants
STRATBERRY SAWFLY (Empria maculata Norton) Wiscnsi rypat
Wisconsin S, Be Fracker (June 12)'. Sawfly larvae on strawberry plants
in Monroe and Vernon Counties in the western part of the State,
probably belong to this species.
STRA'.,B3ERRY ROOT JORM (Paria canela Fab.)
isconsin E. L. Chambers (June 16): Common at Baraboo on strawberry and
raspberry plants the adults riddling leaves on June 15.
'HIT', GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)
Michigan Eugenia McDaniel (June .9): June beetles are flying in numbers
at Kalamazoo. The larvae of June-beetles are reported very
plentiful in strawberry beds at Owosso.
STRAVBBERPY 17EEVIL (Anthonomus ~stnatus Say) NTer York Co R, Crosby and assistants (May 29): Severe damage caused in
one planting of strawberries in Greene County, One planting badly
infested in Dutchess County on May 21.
GRAPE FLEA BEETLE (Haltica chalybea Ill.) Te' York C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 1): About the usual amount of
damage has been caused this season in Yates County, whereas in
Chautauqua County this insect is not common this season,.
CLIMBING CUTWTORMS (Lampra spp.) Tew York Cc Ro Crosby and assistants (June 1): An unusually large amount
of injury was caused this season to a numberno grape plantings especially those where clean cultivation as practiced in Yates
EIGHT-SPOTTED FORESTER (Alypia octomaculata Fab.)
Kansas I V~: >ch (May' 27): -Larvae wer 2 received from Tcpeka with
the infcl ..ation that they were bad on grapes.
Kansas J. 17. McColloch (Jcne 4): The adults of the grape root worm are
reported very abundant in Doniphan County.
TIRIPS (Dlrpanothrips reuteri Uzel.) Cslifornia To D,, Uroahns (June 21): This European species severely injured
young shoots of grapes during arch and is now again attacking
plants and fruit. Good control ws obtained by spraying with
nicotine sulphate 1 pound, highly refined -h~ite lubricating-oil
emulsion 1 1/2 gallons,and water 200 gallons.
TREE-BANDED LEAFHOPPER (Erythroneura tricincta Fitch) Ohio T. H. Parks (June 26): Grape leafhoppers were found to be
very injurious in one vineyard near Cleveland (northern Ohio) June 22. The over-intering adults had already turned rrany of
the lower leaves "rusty." First nymphs were just hatching.
The species involved was mostly E. tricincta. Damage is very local
RASPBERRY SakTLY (Monophadnoides rubi Harris) Wisconsin E. L. Chambers (June 16): Common at Sparta, Monroe County.
RASPBEPRY FRUIT7IORM (yturus unicolor Say) New York 0. R, Crosby and assistants (June 5): Adults were observed in
large numbers on raspberry in Chautauqua County in one-planting
BLACKI-HORNED TREE CRICKET (Cecenthus nigricornis Walk,) New York C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 7): Several raspberry and
grape plants had a number of canes punctured in Erie County, CURR4T A GOOSEBERRY
CURRANT APHID (Kgzus ribis L.) New York C, R. Crosby and assistants (June 14): A moderate infestation was
noticed quite generally in Orange County on currant,
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The currant aphid was destructive at
Culver according to reports received June 21.
IMPORTED CURRANT WORM (Pteronidea ribesi Scop.) Wisconsin E. L. Chambers (June 16): Bad at Baraboo and Sparta attacking
HOUGHTON GOOSEBERRY aPHID (Aphis houghtonensis Troop) Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The gooseberry aphid was destructive at
Culver according to reports received June 21.
Utah George F. Knowlton (June 21): The Houghton gooseberry aphid is
doing considerable damage to some bushes in Logan, nearly all
tops of the stems having badly curled leaves.
BLACK.HEADED ETREvJjORM (Rhopobota naevana oHbn.) Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): Mr. Lacroix from the Cranberry Substation
in Wareham reports the black-headed fire-orm just starting to
hatch, under dcato of' May 24. ITe notes that it is just two iweeksx
later than the corresponding stage of de' relop'nent last year.
It is yet rather early to estimate it-. probable abundance this
PZCAT L72AF CASE BEAER (Acrobasis Anbllla Riley)
'North Caroli-na RIO WO. Zeiby (May 29): Several complaints made indicate rather
severe inj- z; by' this species this season at Ralei,-h. The larvae
should p-arate in ten days. Insect parasites are prevalent. (June 1S;
Adults are now, beginning to emerge. The larvae have been some-hat
of a pest in, several orchcrJdc. In the larges or".1,r in this
St,"Ite t-wo applico-tions of' poison spray (with nicotine sulphate
for the pecan s*pittle bug) have fairly w-ell controlled what threatened to amount to defoliation of serious proportions,
FALL '*,'.;GR!M (11/hantria cunea Drury)
1,,isssziri R. W7. Harned (June 21): The first report received 'x'irz_ 1921S
in re,7arl to the fall rebworm came from Picayurm on June 14. P.K,
Harrison Jr12 Entomiolcoi~st, reported that these insects had almoDst completely defoliated n pecani tree at Picayune. They were
also reported a ai~pecans at M'Ioss Point on Jn16, by R.
P. Colmer, Inspo)ctuo' the State !Plant Board.
Georgia Oliver I. Snaipp (June 3): The first webs of the season rere
noted on. pecan trees at thi s point( .1ii1itmnn) Coday.
CAT_ FIT-1.4S (a n
IMississipOni R~. "T. Earned (June 21): Sp cinens belongings _- to the gcnus
probably Datana, intoecrrim--, -have been reported as infesting
Pecan tre atPc Ib.Jckson County, arid Picayune, Pearl
PRiv-er County.- S1'1--ciia.enc ilentif ied as naspp, were also
reported as feeCding on azalea plants at Moss Point.
.6. (LLOll (ell -ra notabili-, Pergande)
s s si npi -7. H-arnerl (Juno 21): Pe3a.n leaves and tlwigS infested with Phvllozera notabilils have been received from the f ollowing
loc' -litiec: Ocenti Springs in Jackson County, Cuevas in Harrison
Oourlty, and 1l,*ridian in Lauaerdale County.
A SPIWILE 7MU' (01lstoptera obtusa Say)
77or th Corol int 11. WO', Leiby,, (May 2 9): This 'species is still a rest in some
cornaercial orchl-rds, It h' s been successfully controlled by spraying
tw,-ice w-ith nicotine sulnhhte in the largest orch,-rd in the State.
The insct is na w in the fourth insta-r of th4 frs generations
(ALie 16): T'nio in ect is now in the first-, ,, ner ,,tic7 fult
TI'le rymnhs of t*_,e first p7eneration were a rcgt ir ;a 1-asl pecan orch-rds of the State. T,-.-o aj applications o' nicotine
-.,6re effective in. one orchard a,7ainst the nymT hal r
,-eneral--'on s aouid develop during July.
0 1 T R U S A N D 5,J U 3 T R 0 P 1 '13 A L F R D I T 5
Al abama H. P. Lodin,--, (June 22) : The f ol lor.ing inc ec t.7 i,:er e r t ?J L, t
,,,.inter-killed branches an' trees of Satsu.ac:
Ano-olium inerme Ne-n--% F c r. u T cl c- v (7 r -Li S D
M- xia cry-ota Say Eu IDO-- 0: i S ", a i t -, 0 a:
H =rr-allus Miralellus Nei-M. Lioi)us f,,icicul-iril." L-rric Ficstric.rius bicornis eb. Tioru, Sa-,
L- .Iobi.ors basilarp Say a 1 C1 ,
AmPhicerus bicau at-a,, Sav Le)otiars e!-- na-rci
I YDsiryiena -I -'uc;cata Lec. biig-- ti-is: 1,-r.
MEDITERR. n.-O FRUIT FLY (Ceratitis c, -L) i t ), t P -i i e d,
al if or nia State Deportm-ent of t- ricultize Let ter, Vol. I
hen the oil tanker PIeio*don from New ZC,7land i,:i ,)-,iilu
in Port at Los An-elcs inspectors fo-- tl-e Cali -orniaof A,-ricultirre intercepted quantities of contr ?7 a'-id frL-it 7
vegetables in the lockers, and an examination tor-L tc---heavily inf(7 Tt--d vith larvae of this- fly. T',,eca
immediately confisca u ed and dest ro --d by burr-ing.
T R U 0 K I N S E C T S
Ct-i'RECTI. BEETLE ,ib7,csus DEG.)
nsas J. 'S. McColloch (June 7)' tl: .dults have becn -,r
City, Moscor. and Densmor--, T-lith the dnfcrmati n t'-:-il AC
causing severe loss to toriato, car-ot, squash,
Ornamentals by f feeding on t-hc roots,
PAINT D L,,-D-- (L=es ,a cnrdiij
Aiana J. J. Davis (June 2S); The thistle caterr-il!,:, r -'.as be7 n
from several localities in central Tndimna -ac
linois. C. 0. Compton (June 12) Butterflics of 77ncc-n
very numerous in northern Illirio s durin,7, t-he,
TCRTOISZ, BEEETLES (Ccissidinaa)
W,. Earned (june 21): Complain- s in rec,-Dr(1 to t Drtjil-,
accompanied by sp6cimnens 11 ecm recci ,,-ed fror- ny
hroi".ahiout t*he State. 4-ong the species that have been received
are t1he Yoroei-%:rio- Tbicocer Fab Chiridln rittat;, Cliv.,
Metrlona bivittata Say, and Clielym~oriola cassiaea Fab.
-Alijost all of 'J'-ese complaints ha-ve bcen in regard to the
i.n"1y'. t1^at these insects i-ere causing t-o s-ueet potatoes.
?OTTC ATID 0:IATO
CLCPOTAZO KETLB, (Leptinotarsa rlec---mlineata Say)
IMa zch u se tt s iA, 1. ourne (.June 22): The Colorado potato beetle i-s present
in normal abundance and docing the usual amount of injury,
Mi ch igan Philip Iuw'inbii (June 24): Oviposit ion of' this --pOies so-ems
to be at its maxidmum on potatoes in a plot at the corn borer
station -a-* Monroe.
Montana, R. A. Cooley (June 7): This species varies in severity i-11
different Years and is prevalent and very abundant this season, Adults are destroying t71he tops of young potatoes. This insect, which-1 many years ago sp--oad eastviard from the Rockzy mountains
and h-as g-one all over the -orld, !-as only very r, cently srread
into parts of' \7etern Montana and some localities are still
free of it.
P01:TO FwL7A "=T=, "Eitrix cuoumeris Ea-.rr.)
143S 'c- 1,;G tt 4 1 -Ocre (June 22): Potnto flea beetlsin every section
of the aae re reported to be present in 12reCC -numbers. Prom,,
our observation ns to date, ho-ever, they are no more than norm-ally
abundant, the u-3)al amount of injury bhein,; observed.
N~ew York Ca RO Crosby and assistants (M!ay 19 to June 11): Observed
doing first -vork on IMay 19. Injury is probably not so severe
as 1l'st yea-r in Yassau County, for the potatoes have developed
notwithstanding the considerable injury note J
Indiana J. J. Davis (Junc-o 26): The black potato fle bctoi-sb
very a73unda=t on potatoes Lat Veederebr, La F'ayette, and N\e.7
Al~bany, June 1; Indianarolis, June 0; Oreentown, June 12,
CoateSVille, Ju:p 18; and Lynn, June 214. Danago to tomatoes
wias obocrved at T.a VaVCtte.
TURITIP T'N*Y3L (Li str oder es obl iouus Gyl1.)
i a bam a '.I :iRobino-n (June Pig) The Autralian tco'r~to e v1 s
sent in from R7obile County alid 17s rerWorted att20kir,,7 ~m~
and --hite potatoes,
A ZV (i r~s ani cal ics 7atcrb,)
i5Oi53i11i M:irh (J-une, 15): We7 1av just found two spcci-enz of L.
apicalis here (CGulfport) at Long Beach. This is the first
time re have found this species near the Coast here.
BOLL W:ORM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
Florida F. S. Chamberlin (June 12): The tomato fruit worm is doing
much damage in this locality (Gadsden) at the -resent time.
Applications of arsenicals apparently are of little benefit,
GREEN PECH a1HI (Mus versicae Sulz.)
Nebraska ",.. H. Senk (June 25): Tomato plants were turning yellow and
dying because of infestation with the aphis Mzus oersicae
during middle June.
TOBACCO HCRT:70Ru1 (Frotoparce pexta Job.)
Alabama J. M. Robinson (June 19): The sphinx larvae are active on tomato
vines at Auburn,
STALX BORER (Papaipema nitela Gue'n.)
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The common stalk borer was again very
abundant, more so and more generally than a year ago. The
first report was received from Valparaiso, June 3, rhere they were destroying tomatoes. Following this initial report, considerable damage was reported from Hartford City, Cloverdale, Indiarnapolis, Lawrenceburg, Danville, Martinsville, Frankfort,
Rgshville, Spencer, Ridgeville, Lebanon, La Fayette, Crawfardsville,
Wvilliamsport, Mulberry, and Decatur. Reports are continuing to
come in. The localities are listed in the order in which they
were received. Corn was most commonly damaged although many
tomato fields were also badly injured. The worms are still quite
small and we may anticipate considerable damage before they change
BLISTER BEETLS (Meloidae)
Mississippi R. ';. Earned (June 20): Blister beetles belonging to the species
known as Epicauta lemniscata Fab.were reported as damaging Irish
potatoes at .Purvis, Lamar County, on June 12, Specimens belonging
to the species known as Macrobasis unicolor Iby. were reported
as feeding on beans and Irish potatoes at Caledonia, Lowndes County,
on June 14.
CAB3AGE C-0T (Hylemyia brassicae 3ouche')
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): The cabbage maggot is present in normal
abundance and doing the usual amount 6f injury.
C~o~iut ~ -3. Friend (Juace -)'): A- Hamdnn this insect --as attiacking
c~a~Co Oper cent of the plants having been injr'red, and it seems much more abun 'Aant as cornered with an -vr~c:ear. The
first-brood larvae have noT' poupated. Mr. :a*,lkinson re-oorts
injury at Hlethersfield Kqere 1.acres of untreated early cabbage
.e77 York,, C. R. Crooby and a~c--iztants (May 25): It w-as not u-til tis date that this pest aprearcd in th--e seed bed. Indications are
that a heavy infestetinn -.-ill ocar becaus,, thne flies xrere very
,buanzt in all seed0 beds obser-ved later in Erie County. First observed on 14Ey Iii in.I~assau County; May 22, oviicsition heavy, On1 June 12 it w-is noted that early cabbag~e and cauliflow er in
the figid are bein- 1_ama'-ed, losses running a- hig h as 60 to 70
per cent. Untreated see-:d beds are also se7-2rely injured.
Indiana J, J. Davis (June 26): The cabbage and radish magg ot has been
reported at intervals thrcu, hout the month of June from South
Bend, Ma,"-rion, El :ood* 1+onticcllo, and Tirton.
Illinois C. C. Comot on (June ):The c abbage ma--ot is causing -onsiderab'-le
daafe to your cabbage and cauliflo-v'1er seedlings in the fields,
i n. Cook' Coun t y
"#wcvconsin S, B. Fracko:r (June 16): M~any renorts have been received of d7-!a-r
in Dane, Jeffe-1--rson, RW-cine and Mocnroe Counties to cabba,-e.
STRIPED =_L:h_-3rT:E, (Ph11_treta vitt-ata Fab.)
INe;7 York C.R. Cr: sby and asc-istantz (MYay 9): Sort injury-,, 7,,s noted to
cabbage in inq sedd bed in 17,aszau Gcount:, viereas in Ontario
County seed 1beds are receiving a conzidera7ble amount of i-njury
;.rom this Tnect.
Nenw York C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 12): Considerable darnage has
bcen clone in Cron Pe County to the cabbage set out in muck- in the
Urge muck area in thi s county.
C~3A: ZCOR (-vt,-rphabrassicaf, Riley)
Nobrasko H H. S,'-cnk (June 25): About Ithe rmid' 'e of Jure a large field
of cabbage near r-mort, in Dod-e Cornty, 7-.s heavily att-ckocd
by the cab'bapc looper and -,as s Dvcd only by )rompt and, thorough
C,7,7UCT 7-.UST TLY (Psila roseep Fab.)
1'v&":-York C. R.- Cro cby and aianw(Juine 1.2): Flies hci-an to omrrg e on
May 2aid oviposition continued t11o date in 'Jilliamso and
S'TALz "7.:,V1L (Lictronctuc lafji
ITeri Yor k RI O-osby and av;ist ants (-urnm rv of
On May 2 2 th e a.'d -.11 t b c,3 t 1 s e r found ovii.,oitin ,-r n
01 Ycun, f cat-tots. About t1ie first of Ju t"-, ,d
hatching and be-an tl-' charact-eristic tunneling i,, t"c" 170- '1-carrots. r."hic -r2st has been serious on carrots in '--,c
localiLuy for several years.
(Lictronotus rudipennis Blatchl-- y)
Nebrasim M. H. S-enk (june 25): Durin, the -third we,3'k, ir June -7-10"t'
received of serious injury to carrot,,- in 'he vicinity of
by a pest that iias been ide-ntifiFd at_-- 1.ictro- ,+-ao ri7f
o t! CE-z IQ-,
latchkeyey. Vnis is the first definite, report I 1 1'Nebraska that has ccme to our attention although it t-'Y
has teen iiijurious for the past five seasons in t h,-- f
Pl)T.Y--,'C) F-157-a BZ'ET:E /E-oitri x _u cllrn er i s ,rr
Connecticut Bri tton (June 21 ) Jnj-ring lettuce and carrots
Hamden; cucumbers throughout the State, June 22
potatoes Glastonbury, June 22,
SUGAR-3-E'ET = .FHOPFFR (Eutettix tenp( 111 "
tah George F. Knowlton (June 21 The su,-ar-*,) ee 'l I --afl- or:) r F.
in most 15 .et- ffel( s in nortliern Utah, and. arou-id
many f ields have 10 to 11-- -e r cent o" curly-1 e-- 'L, !--i th 1c 7 s
in Cache County.
A BLISTER LAJ1JE'2.T,E (EiDicLuta lemniscata Fab.
Louisiana C. E. Smith (June 9); L n. of-Ficial of the St3te re-n -l farp
speciimens to the Expc-:ri inen Stati3n and ct:,itel t'-,,- it
abundant cn ougar-beets,
(Toxo2lc,_e j. C t ic T
Aon t a na Stei,,,art Loc!2-,ocd (june ?I): The C-,,r
numerous in the Clarks :,or1-- Vallcy of ,',ontana. 1,-'he
damaging sugar bcet--- and beans b--it sprayinl- fn the t
has reduced the numbers considerably.
TerJ Mexico J., R. Dou,,J,-ss Way 71): Em( r,-ing motlas off thle
Lo,.oste,! e stic- Jc lic L,., liave ap- !!: rcd in
the last four (-'-ays at 13tancia. RucZi,7 n and' r-, t
host plants favor reproduction.
GZD71T S--'R I '7'77 I L hor ten i 1 it
..Tew 'R. (;r:)sby anct as:ist,- nts (June 11): A num7b-er of
Of C, Yery crop o1i a muck area in Ontario County ,'x, r
Seri 0=1y in Jured, In P'assau. County it -as f ounel doin,,d3mage,
O, T 7
CITIC-N MAG iOT (111lem- ia entiowa !- cig,.
indiana I., J. Da,,ris (-J*ane 26): Onic:i rna 7,7,ots have. been unucu nll.7
and destructive in the northern fcurtn of the Ftate. Re.nortF -7cre re(7eived bet,-"epn June 15 and 23 from Albions ZarT7illl? Snut.'i 3 =df
Helmei-, and PleaEant Lake.
Kichi-, an R. H. P, -ttit (June P-5): n-ie onion rzgg much rorse than usual +his ye3r at Bac+ L-nsin -.
Wisconsin S, B. F.-ac':cr (June 10) : 3ad in S, -,uk, Vernon, Monroc,
Illinois C, C. Com nn i 1155
pt on (June 5) : Zie onion ma-, 7ot injury is beg.L -chow u- in tho onion growing, districts in '4ook Cotint Con
inJury is eYT)ected..
1"o n t ana R, A. Col- ley 'J"une 7) Th i!-, spt cies is doing damage in -e st ern
'J' ':ontana t1nir se.,, son the first -eck in June.
CT".."M!"S (Noctuid e)
YZ 17 York A
.. RE. Crosby and ass-ict,-nts (June 4): About 300 acres o.-- oniorin Orange County ha,,re "been destroyed this year in the r7ack area
FALL ARMYWOIRI-T (12p -yLma frugi-perda S. & A.)
MisSissippi R, rs, Harned (J-Lino 21); Inspe.-tor .11. Glad-ney sent to office
on June 7 scme specimens tl.,,,at irere identified as tho zout-,.I.,i
grass worm, IaEhy= -q frK,irer0i- by S., E. Crv-n") of t7io TJ. S.
of Zntonology,, In r ,-ard to --rec*:.nLnc ','r.
a-Q rollo,7,s- "They are okrer a-bou", 54 acres of *-erimuda onion-, 3are doin,, ade '71 L .
serious daira,, e. In places the ground has been rCNICIT THRIFS (LhLirs taluaci L,)
Teyas 0" .11
,-r P s -j,- at Anp-elo are
B,, b c o c'- 7ro n f rom cetl.
hc,-i,,Tily infc.,E tod by this rest; the sfteriz are ;adly blistercd
,,T)ot, V.. ed tl-o-.-Iiout. R -,'-her sev-ere
Calif ornia W. B. Sanders (June 9): Attacking garlic in San 3enito.
S7"ED C0RIN MAG'-T( .rnia c-icrura Rond.)
Massachusetts A, I1. 2ourne (Jure 22): Cur attention was called to a rather
serious local outbreak of the seed corn rna 7.-ct working in an onion field in Franlclin Coain', Py the time our attention w.as
called to the o'tbrealk, the ins ect had been alcle to cut the stand
of onions ap- n'o-imately i n 1af Howv0 r t -a~oto h;ad
practically reached maturity, andl by the St',, or 10~th cf l-,ine were
already leaving the pla-nts and forming their '7aparia in the
soil. Adults of these w,,ere s -ecured by June 3-7. The fi eld -here
the infestation was centered rac a block Of 3 or acres completely
surrounded by other fields of orlons vw-ith no se-raration bou-ndar7
except a narrow road--a-y on one side. in s-pite of this fact, however,
no injury of an-. coz~7ec-ue nrc developed in any fLi6ld but the one menti oned. v~s- -wt~t.u showed that the only dif fer enc e
in culture, ferti lise: etc.,1 7_ of this fedfrom et'hers immediately
around it w-,as that in t be*lock a cc-sida-ab~le w~uLof tankae
had been used as fertile. zer., In view of the fact that a" the
time of our last out'brea!k four or five years ae o~ in 7=rocticily
every case w-.here serious irn;ury resulted, cotton seed had been
used as a f~ertili zer, the above may be of so-me signiificance.
STR.IPED CUOU1,-M 3117 LETI (D -'abrot! ca vittata Wc ')
Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (.3-rne 22): On juane 10 to 12 testriped cucum.-ber
beetles were observed for the first time. Si-.arms of them ar-ceared
and immediately covered and began to devorur ne-ly-app -,earin,! leaves
of squashes, cucumbers, melons, etc. --,y the 1-hth~ly had alre, ay
begun to do v,,ery cons ide-or--> 'le injury and were seriouslytraein
crops of this nature. Thci:- sudden aprearance in such large
numbers is particularly scd'i urin-c thic- rresent seas-on because
unfavorable weather conditions --hich 1 have -orevailed almost continuously since the bracnrup of -i'ir r have held up all our
field crops by at least 10 days, and in Some cases more thenlr tw,,o
rwe ek s,
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The striped cuc-3nnler beetle haz been
ported from several localitiess; for czml~hcrntoic1Jir.e 9
Terre Haute June 1l and CovinL-ton Juneri 1S. Our general observations indicate that it is normally abundant.
Minnesota A. 0.. Ruggles (June 17): The striped cucumber 'beet-le Seems to
be more abundant than ever before.
Nebraska M. H. 9Swenk (June 25): Th~l ixual complaint s of injury to cucumbers
by the Striped cucumber beetle JjVIDbeen r eceived dir in,,, the period
covered by this report.
POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix cucumeris Harr,)
.;isunsin S. B. Fracker (June 16): Common in many localities: reported
injuring cucumber and radish in Ashland and Dane Counties and
tomato in Milw;aukee.
MELON APHID (Aphis &ossypii Glov,)
Nebraska M. H. S-ek (June 25): The usual complaints of injury to cucumbers
by the melon aphid have been received during the period covered
by this report.
GARDEN SPRINGTAIL (Sminthurus hortensis Fitch)
Massabhusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): There have been numerous complaints of injury by the garden springtails this year. In the immediate
vicinity of the college they are present in unusually large numbers this season, swarming on newly-appearing leaves of
squashes, cucumbers, melons, etc.,as well as upon many ornamentals
such as newly sdt asters.
SQUASH BUG (Anasa tristis DeG.)
Mississippi R. W. Harned (June 21): Several complaints in regard to the
common squash bug have been received. Among these received recently is one that reports injury to squash at Laurel on June 10,
and another that reports injury to squash and cucumbers at
Pheba on the same date.
Florida F, S. Chamberlin (June 22): Nymphs of this insect are abundant
in squash fields at the present time in Gadsden County.
ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparai L. and SPOTTED ASPARAGUS BEETLE Crioceris duodecimpunctata L.)
Connecticut W. E. Britton (June 24): Mr. W"ilkinson reports the common-asparagus
beetle as being everywhere in Hartford County, Southington,
Bristol, Plainville, Wetherefield, East Granby,Windsor Locks,
W7indsor, South Windsor, and East Hartford. Abundance about the
same as compared with an average year.
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 15): In Nassau County this
insect was first noted May 15 attacking asparagus and doing some
Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (June 16): Sefere at La Crosse on asparagus.
ASPARAGUS MINER (Akromyza simplex Loew.)
Wisconsin A, A. Granovsky (June 16): One bed was ruined at Sturgeon Bay.
MLOJ AHID (_s1 i os1pii Glov.)
ryland E. N. Cory (hay 20): First record on above plant on this date.
ndiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The melon aphid has been noticed appearing
in threatening numbers at Spencer and La Fayette. No reports have yet come to us; such reports seldom reach us until the aphids have
become abundant and spread throughout the field.
SQUASH UG (Anasa tristis DeG.)
eorgia Oliver I. Snapp (June 10): Squash bugs are damaging atermelons
more than usual at Fort Valley this year. A number of growers
had to hand-pick and use nicotine sulphate. The infestation is now
under fairly good control. The season has been dry.
ttection The note appearing in Volume 6, No. 2, page 42, April 1 number,
credited to A. 77. Morrill, under Illinoia pisi Kalt., should read
Salt-Marsh caterpillar, Estiemene acraea Drury.
PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)
nnecticut B. H. Walden (June 11): tas are being attack*d .at &Samdn on this
date. It seems to be more abundant as compared with an average
year. Also reported By A. E. Wilkinson, vegetable specialist,
extension department, from Southington, Plainsville, Glastonbury,
East Granby, iindsor, and Wethersfield,
rida F. S. Chamberlin (June 16): Small patches of garden peas are
heavily infested with aphids at the present time in Gadsden County.
consin C. L. Fluke (June 9): This insect has usually appeared in large
numbers, by this time.This year very few individuals p found
in the fields at Madison. It is not possible at present to predict
an abundance or nonabundance. At present it would appear as if
we would have very fe w outbreaks of the pca louse.
ROCT-IrOT NEMATODE (Probably Heterodcra radicicola GrcafMude 1.)
consin J. E. Dudley Jr, (June 10): An outbreak of this nematode -as
discovered this year-on a farm growing peas for the Sauk City
Canning Company. Three fields of Perfections, Admirals, and Alaskas
totaling approximately 8 acres were examined. Perhaps one-half of
the Perfections were entirely dead and probabilities are that a
loss of from 75 to 80 per cent will be sustained. Other varieties are heavily infested, but a fair crop may be secured. This is the first time this pest has been reported from Wisconsin and it was
supposed t6 be beyond the northern limits of this pest. Opportunities are present for its spread throughout the warm sandy region of -,ich
this county is a center.
B3'-N AF"iID (Anhis rwricis L.)
r n ca ~ S. Abbott (June 22): This is the first time I have scon this
ao:;7-id in cultivated bans in the 1'4 years that I 'hav"2 been here
at Vienna although it is al .,yas irerf abundant on nasturtiums.
~XICA~ 3~N 1,7,L (E-oilachna cornt a 1.1ls.)
Torh Carolina --j, W. Leiby (Ma-y 27): H~o adults have been found in the field by
J& C. Cra-ford and,3 the writer 'to date at Raleigh. (Juane 19): The
first report of extensive injury to beans by the Mexican bean
beetle --as received on June 5.
1 ab ara J. 1.. 'Robinson (June 13)9. The Mexican bean'beetle has appeared
at *,indfiold in iarion County.
Indiana J. J, Davis (June 26): Roports are continually reaching us of
the atbundance of this insect but no ncov localities have been
SEED 0MIT MGOT IT3v e a cilicrura Rond.) ~ichiga. 1 H. Pei (Jun t) Th sed corn rzggot is appearing i
large numbers pretty i7ell over t'he State of Michi~ran. The season
ha:s bcen unusually w;et and cool and the magot iTich under
nerm-al conditions -would, ha,-ve pu tcd a couple of 'ntks a,-o are Ftill in th-e -rounrd although about full grorn -novi. Deeply so-.m
boanc in general are suffering worse than those seeded at a halfinch depth, The ordinary practises which usually bold bean maggots
in check are~ fai ling to do so satisfactorily this year.
TSZT_ SPOTTLED CIfU1J73M BEET=~ (Diabrotica s or-rac
~1if ornia H. P. Stabler (June 17): Beans and young trees ar(; biAngattackcd
by this insect in Sutter County,
GOU F QR Xq!:;T (c 1iothis obsol eta Fab.)
south k~.. Fenton (Jun 4); in the vicinity ofl Drlington, S. C., the
Caro-lira corn e_ r Worm has been unucually ab-ondant and destructive to snap
bc-nc. Threu-fonrths of z ; crop in co 200-acro ficld-has boon
desro:ed~theit v". tuncln~in and eatin- out tlie bean pods. It istho~1; tat one of theprncpa re asons 1-r thea m:(den
a)nd unusual aperneof tl!Js 7nect is the; dry ethrctar-_ding
the dcrcdorra t of tlio cro-). Snap bcans, are pi C! :dU tr 0 et._ks
after blo7,ming and this ycrit has b~ five ~',
BFO~ LE, 17 TL~IZ (0crdtotma trif'2rco:ta Foe rzt)
North C-,z'olina R.. *,. Leiby (June 11): -orsodnce indicates rather se-(vere
injuries to crnap bens by this seis
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The bean loef beetle was abundant on beans
at Putersburg June 16.
Florida F., S. Chambers in (June 24): Fields of snap beans at CGadsdon are
being zigi1atly- dernaged by graso-ppero, Moclanonolus for ,ur-rIubrurn
DeG is' the most abundant sci present.
Connecticut -7, E. Br-itton (Juna 2'4): Raporte-d attackinF, cucurbits at TNcHavoC i, '11arnd cn P?. a in s v ille, Ea st Hartford, enid Gl-%st'onbury.
STRIPED BLIST2BL B7.:TIL, (Mpicauta vittata Fab.) Alabama J. M. R obinson (June 1S): Ericauta vittata is reported attacking
b 0 L n Marion County.
S=D CORY *:1A-, GOT (H1~yia c-ilicrura Rond.) Yew York C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 19): One f ield in Harnm.ondsport
badly infested making it ricccs-,C ry to replant.
YELLOJ 7 STMIP-2D (;CRM (rodonia ornithogalli Cuen.,)
Mississippi R, 17. He-,rned (Jure 22): Specimens of the yolloiw striped arrny -orm,
or cotton boll cutworm, Prod-ria ornithloa1li, Tore received on Jiuxi, 5, from T, r. Andrew K~~m1Sibley# Miss. Mr. Fleming reported thorn zas fecding on okra p'La-nt-s.
Missipi R. '-. Horned (Juna cp1)- S-Icci-r identified. as Lo -o--tcg ,- by
Mr -5. E. Crumb of the-, U, S. 31-ireau of Entoriolopy were reported
as f ending on ok ra plants at Sibley on J1,ze 5.
Indiana 3. J. Davis (June 26): Grfaftoppers rere reported iin peppermint,
Juno; 13, at Ilisharaka.
SO0U T H R'17 FI ELWD -0RO0P I NS ECT S
BOLL ")BB;VIL (AntLhonorns ,randiLs Boh.)
Mississippi R. 17. Harned (June 21): Re-nort.s received during the rcek ending
June 19 from 95 farms in 19 counties show boll weevils present
in 33 cases, with 60 weevils per acre as the maximum adult popmlation, and 3 1/~4 per cent the mayximum 4nfostatio. of square. eevils
sccrl tn( re numc rous in the southern and western parts of the State nortlltrn alld s,. ctio: :; comn-,rativel.y free af. that
tirlc. Ad'ams an' P .arl or. Counties sho 7 hLghest
Of infc;stc d fai-ris.
North C"trolina R. .7, D ,iby (Jun,_- 255): Fne first wcovil of the i7caf7on vra taken
4, J, oii j.-c 17,
n. thio Ed'!- atc) c-n c )ttun by ". A,, near Ab '
17 dnys lat(,r tl_ an thu firs'u- cne found on cotton IaEt s, a scn.
Loui s iana W. E. Hinds Ca-',-,-,d ,V,no 27): Feavy boll 7,,ce-lil infestations
in m -,-ry tl.cs and rruclh casting already u.-Idor wa -. 2irst --eii- ration now
GENERAL Coop,: native -_oTntt on st- t,,is o-^ boll 77coviI prior to ,-'Tne 3.6v
S T T JT t :t the -10' s t t i per ccnt of the had
to t"le sa- rer..od year at the
s t at i on t.,icn r e,-- IV rf t'--Le
no, t C, t a 1. L
the pu c 10 rears an averr-, 7e Of 1,07 -er cent of -'-i s d
emer:,ed prior to Jone 1 -v hi( n ivao F,1.2 I)-.:- coTt C
tot!il emergence, .-At S of the st-.tions this y(11ar
1r.3.f of Mlay th-:,.-n d-:Lring the f 5
of the sta iors -_ o vee77ilo emerged durin,,7 the rro-.I'"-- ste ticns
more weovilz cmcrgcd d,--r"--g the la ,t laif of "rloy i: :r t
ft r 7, t 1'.11, r", I -Fe c v i 1. sur v i val. r cm a; ne d v c i y nna ch at al 1 io i n4- a s i n r r% c
n t a t 0*
el , -, C,
s t a t i o ns r c p )r t n err,--.-,-,:'-once. -1.imergence appears Co 01,oat cor-1)Iete "I
at practically all r-)into, t t-he statiors cooper' ,';- ,q, "Last yea .,,05,5 per cent of the total emer, _ence had t ;, --,on T, A.
IG and at Tallul,, _'- 91 -;;a, I durin.- the rast 10 years aii avcr -s c,-'
cent o-r' 1,1"r total em -,,7-r nce had taken place to the. s-,.me date".
CCTTO'T FLEA (Psallus sdriatus Reut.)
GE IT], 2.2-L Ocore-rative report on states of cotton insects to J11ne 16:
ST.iTZ:E NT D r F L. Th rxra s ( r- ne In tests a jarre of cotton
a ep 1 to ji, 1 at
h,7r ners hatched frt-)n, over,.- inter -s from ne
C3i'lego Station, 1_1,jury a-, a result of 41:i 'lies c'inc,,ct- has boon rc;ported in 17 counties in so,_r.' _-.-tral Te:,_S.
At Tallulah, La., -eathrr co.-ZiUons this the
cotton bclt vcre favorLlnle for the cf
on 7,hich tile cotton hopper fcedo and breo,..s.
-ri. r O ch
principally horsemint, cioton, and cveninrf 7
hoppe r D have Certain. O-r
been found in jarge nur-bers
out and as a result hol-ers are have reached maturity and arc dyin,tran sf erring to ccttonin rr ,ny jocalitiesv ir. rroat nvmberz, Cn jitne
16 reports of ho-prez- &-Mare li.-d ')een rcccived onlY from sout --P- ':4
Texas, a few localities in Gcor, -ia, anO- a G.1all jort on of nort-ieastern Louisiana. Since th,-it 't-irre da :,-_-.O has -, orted f.07n wny other loc-lities. The ror.orts frQn 12exas are ccn-"In ,d to t-,,.3
south.k central portion of t'i- State. in L rkansas
largely from the Mis-sissipri Valley. In Louisiana reports luive been
received ffroni most sect-*,.)ns o-r' St-,t-_ bat -oartimilarly from the
nor 'the _ster-_-i cectlun. iii -rorcrts 1--ave 13C-_, d
from varioots -_- ct-i(,ns cf thr,, Statc -i th t1- O
hea,Tily R r o --- t G -" rori a:m -71.,nd Lcate inf it,-jt ,.cns in
rran-v s -ctions, In Ieor .zia r,-ports indicate a severe
in he Piedm_ :,nt sectiori. In Scuth Carclina 4.11
In all prcbalcijity thcse im"es'atio--as a--,-e li.a:;md u.1. ur c-n z
in th i-atc-vc-a-J_3 _- te-L-ri
J Y 1T'.,o -n
ot, 1, r 3 --! c t i c n 4 F 2 o c i a t1c-d ---ith C t 2 all o-F belong t-o the. Sane fV,
C r L -:, --i u s;r--*'!-,r T::periments in T---,a,,
0_-_ -e C' 0 1 0 n-C"
-on u c n n d o r -, L 1 "),r, L t i:
for :-ith has bee7. prein,-c," Clictr-L-,_-utJLcn n, Tho is .1 IDY 711"i
j CE'll CeCure a,
to th.o Dclt-: Lab ),-.-tory at -,JI1 La.
Clivo-r 1,, Snan-o 22". 77e c- t-lon -flea is do n-c
barrage to cotton at 1,,'IcDonou __, "MC7'icuz and othor
Haliard De La Parelle (JiLne 24l, 7-h- co Lton flea cr has
a-,oneared in la-- 7c- --rreater art o-f r_-nd is
do ng consider--bl to t'rC; Th--: rlants 71.1 -"' r
'I -P are attLclx-1 a-r t'
tic injury of this 1-,7-ct; thca N,
-olants s1nooting up 1 ?r c-; c, r o laten l 'bra-.,chP.s. ].?i4s
IILCect h .c 'boen v-r-,7 E 3 i i c ra r e o bi t 1 ar,
t71at a -reat deal c-,2 t"1,- i-iary Cred:',.ted to t'-'-,e J T I 11-1 ) 77ork. of
sama E. FTi-_ ,.ds d-. ,tcd J-ane 27) 'aides-orea.1 c;:rr-loints of sr,,- ?11
bugs ,Ltt -ckin,- sr,_11 cot' Ic) n q aa r e a I f e c 1 t"I e "- s a
Louisiana a-o-,,-_,cr to i-17olve both cot'-an fica and t, -,rn.-'_shcd
Pla n L, bu-.
R. T;. Harner-1 (June 21): Eno c ttor hop:)er hoc been- fc-and in large
number O'k (,ount.7, has also 1.e an
from 'Ilda-ms Co-a-ity, Plant-o .1n tl,: J-nfcsted fields -All be olse :-v_-d
carefully for evidence of &bnor.7,,-'L
xa. s 0 oun ty _,7e-n t June 0 xt e ns iv e an -1 s e r i cu, .-, C, ,t C s of e c o t t, c n
ILI--a have been reno1-ted frora Sm4 th --,nd Counties.
'7E, I TFS (.hysanort era)
xas Cooperative report on cotton Oui e ll-)): Dr. -7. L T* -cm,!- -,
College Stat i 0- il L- i e 1 3 r E i: r of i-i -',,a 1 very
prevalent in this vi7in-', t L
V -y, zt-nd it is dic t, t-,
species -no+. yet ic-'entiff-ed, as t'-,is se -:ns to bt3 rr + -.--..Frever
the injury occurs. It "esralts in a stuntin- of -r'ants, czli-g
of the lea-,-es, and on of Vhc -.,,roung grO'71-':!.
orgia HaMaid De -La Parelle (June 24): Thri-ps, species -7aitir.,- determinationyrere, sert to this office (Survey) .ith a re-)art of a re-t
-16b9deal of dain-age to the cotton crop at 010ireia, These little insects ',ork In the tendei7 budc of the plants, Stunting their gro,'-rth, and it is feared th,-t thaey -:ill do se,7ere damage to the crop.
BOLL *JO0iH (ITIelioth1is o'osoleta Fab.)
ZNT77 '.LCooperative report on cotton insects prior to Tune 16: 11r. '.
7A7-7I R. Sullu th, Shrevoirort La.; :- fern signs of the boll "form have
been found on -this da~te. J. YC4 Robinson (Auburn, Ala.): The cotton boll t-.orm is gettingg active in soiithern Alabama. R. *,J. Leiby, Raleigh. NZ. C.: During the latter part of May the cotton boll i-orm destroyed 25 acrcs of cottilon on 3 farms in the southern edge of thoe cot ton belt in tlis State ju,,st after it rais chopped. The ... orms develo- ped on vet ch- a-nd af ter i t i~a z cut m igrat ed to cotton ,and corn. Further damnage 1-ais prevented by the use of poisons.
Al abama J. 1_ 11o1hinson (June 19): The second generation of boll r'orms is
appearing in southern Alabar~r nnd attacking the young cotton s qua re s,
STA-LK 30F2ER ~~Paoira nit cia Guen.)
Mississippi R. W. Harned (June 21): Specimens of the moth stalk borer have been rccei~ed- recently from corr-espondents in Lee and Ita--amrba Counties, In all cases the complaints have been in recrard to injury caused by these insects to cotton plants.
VzA_1IEG,,TFD CUT'.CRT (ILycophotia rmargaritcsa saucia IPn.)
South Crln J !PQ-? t (I.ay 24): Seriously injuring young cotton next to an
alfalfa field. About 0O per cent -_,ere parasitized by Winthemc,-ia 4Miustinlata and a small h'olenopterous Irasite. A number of birds '-cre ulsio found feu ding on the larrae In the afternoon.
Alabama Cooperative report on the cotton insects prior to Juno 16: J. M.
Robinson: Grazoshon-oers in the n77phal stn.Ce have been devouring the younger cotton here but not to a serious extent so far. It is too early to -ive a g-eneral su-imary of the st.-tV1p17tP ttwr insects7 in the field; ho'-'over, reports indicate that heavy weevil inflection has boen fou-.d in the Missis,7i-,)i 7Vlley and that a 1 irht inf station is no,,-, -esent in the !-out1 ea sternl section of th. cotton belt. Reports indicate that a light infest -ation generall) ha, been found -Test of the issin-iVal.,ley. s'th probably high infes -ta7tions in sonrp lnc-1 areact.
a b am a J. ::!. 7.obinson (Junc li): ,r sh-ners have been attac'knF, the
folac of cotton. plants fo h at t7o eeks at Auburn.
,7HITE GRUBS (Phyl1orha spp.)
ToyasCoorerative ronPort on cotton insects prior to 16une.-c;7.2L.
Thomas, Collel ,c 'Stntion, June 1.:7nls beetles vvCr,* -'W
injuring cotton, eating the plants, stalk. an,3 all, in laiheelor C-,i'u
COTTON LEaF O;CRM (Alabama argillacea Hbn.) Dexas F. L. Thomas (May 24): First generation of cotton leaf worm
in p p9l stage found in Vharton County. (May 25): Emergence
from pupae and flight of adults. (June 16): Have had no additional
reports of the leaf worm but showery weather in the vicinity of
'lharton County is probably producing favorable conditions for
the development of the second generation.
SAM M1aRSH CaTERPILL R (Zstigmene acraea Drury) Fexas F. L. Thomas (June 1): The salt marsh caterpillar was found
in southern Texas some time ago but I have had no reports of its
MELON iPHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.) iouth Carolina F. A. Fenton (June 1): Lice have made their appearance in a
number of fields at Florence and have stunted and ijurdd the
plants. However, in most of these fields parasites are already
at work and have largely controlled them.
!exas F. L. Thomas (June 1): Lice are present in the fields at College
Station, but I do not look for a great dedl of injury.
POTATO TUBKR .ORM (Phthorimaea operculella Zell.) orida F. S. Chamberlin (June 25): few splitworm larvae have been
observed in tobacco fields this month in Gadsden County. No
injury of importance has occurred so far this season.
TOBCCO BUDUCRM (Heliothis virescens Fab.) orgia F. S. Chamberlin (June 3): The tobacco budworm infestation is
much less than usual this season at Tifton. In this connection
it has been observed that the parasite Cardiochiles nigriceps
Viereck is extremely abundant.
TOBMCCO FLEa BEETLE (Epitrix parvula Fab.) orida F. S. Chamberlin (May 26): Flea beetles of the spring brood
are now emerging within tobacco shades in Gadsden County. The
numbers so far observed have been small and only slight damage
SPOTTED CUCUI3R BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-punctata Fab.) kansas J. 7. Ingramn (May 22): Corn rootworms were found damaging rice
in a number of fields by boring in the seed and in the young
rice plant at Stuttgart. Damage has been very small.
6HUCH BTJ.'(01isus leucorterus Say-)
Ar I:auns .7 nasn(A~ 2 ~Gic bugs were found in the majority
oftere~fed isetdat Stutteart. They wiere present in
,Luch smatl n'~mbcrs as to cause only slight damage. Where the
fiel-ds h-Id been flooded the insects vere found floating on the su-face of the vater and only rarely feeding on the part of the
rice pataoethe water. r-iesIe.
Loui si ana J* 7. 1Irgram (MY 15): Only a small amount of -su~arcane beetle
injury i-is found in the rice fields around Kinder. The damage
caused by these insects to rice in th-it section during the season
of 1925 wans unusually hea.vy.
SUGCNE 30PER (Diatra.ea saccharelis Fab.)
Louisiana 'J 2 inds (Telegramn dated June 27): Sugarcane borer is now
concentrated in large numbers in carly maturing corn 7'ith second
generation beginning serious damage to cane.
F 0 ES T D Ez HAD E -T RE ZI IT S ECT S
MI SCELLrTMUS 7F, ED _RS
i B4G-,;RM (Oiketicu.s abboti Grote)
L.isi5i~i '71 ~ ne (June 21): Specimens of the bagrorm, Ciketic'as
abbotti, 7creo found on blueberry at ITugent, Harrison County,
on June 12.
FORES7 W=T- CATEEPIL,. (Malacosona dtisptria abn.)
icgan ii. -. Pettit (June 25):1 A representative of the Department of
Conszrvcation has jucnt come in and reports a widespread, serious
outbreak of thE ,xm-Yorm of the forest, :alacosomna disstria,
in the urper rart of the 7.0...er Peninsula, He states tha-t many hard,:ioocls are being dcfol i-*t, ,d.
MAPI2L~hJS.PC'I (Cccidomyiq ocellaris O.S.
ile Y or k, Z P. Felt (June 26): Ccdidomria ocellaris galls are zbmev'hat
num-ero'is here a-.d there in the 1,roodlands of the upper Thidson
P-I o LCUa (Cpme inicort-ici s Fitch)
c-: Jersey R. B. Lott (June 11): 7cry nbunidz.nt on various species of Pinus, also rcPorzed on larch, vt P'cnton.
'T~ York 7, P. Felt (June 26): -The pine park aphid, Ch',,rres pinicorticis,
is gener-ill y pre s en t in the outh ern !:,,ud :on T 11 1 ey a nd ,-O -Ic 1"I U
injurious to individual tre, s.
"'i SCOT D;, ne,
n cracker (june 16): Cor.rnlc ints received from A(9-ims,
-an,I Jeff-rzon Counties inOicate .n early start. A ttz-,cking
ev ,,r; :-,esns orna,,ntals such, i z a-rborvitae,, crd -Pruce.
-SC.77 (Lonidosi-,,hes ulr.ni L.)
'i chi,7 n 7u,-eniaMcDnz,iel (June Cne Df the races of the ovstcr-cl-,ell
ba- -k Iou7e is -!orse tha-7 c-!-c.r before ; nd is still becoming
M o --- e z- nd mo---e ni.c.-itiful or, lilac, ash, and some other trees.
(E-ran7is tilia--ia Ha-11.)
ew Yor'-. Felt (Jixne 26): Trie ten-lined -orr-n, Erana-lis tili-ria,
is abi,,nI ,,nt on the higher oa'k-co- .rer3d ale-rations east of
and i,- !-Llso rey Grted as nurier ous in- the i0 irondacks in he
infested arua ea .zt of Albany '- .lo .,oma fri,--idum Xby. is, t
feeding upon the cater-oillars and unJoul-tedly dectrcyinl- 7n,,n,,
-h-'s area an u-u al rrar bcr of Of the ins-- c I s There arc. also in 4, -L
tachinid flies, pro,),, ,:bly para-lit-- s of this leaf feeder.
(Al7soi -ila nomcta-i ? Harr.
e-7 Jer sey R. 3. Lott (June 17): General feeding in some i;ections in the
nortl-c--*--- -r -,,rt of tn--, State, 'but nc defoliation noted as- in
"Drev.,Lous y,, .Prs in Susse',Y. Oa' -,,, linden, elm, and ma-Ple are bein -attac!7,od.
,-! T PHID (DilacI-Mus 1 ifilira Del Guercio.) y1a nd E. AT. Cory 24): Fir ,t record in College Park,
Sir2 IIITG ID IINIER I I OR,1' (Pa 1 ea c r i t a v e r n;--- a P e clk: ntana R. A. Cooley (June 4): Tlae srrin47 c,%,il7cr -orm is -foli,!ting
shelter belts in parts of northern 1"ontan%, Qrtin the off,
elm, i--illowand boxedd;.
S(70-IT_,URO PT" Z SHOOT (Evetria buoliana Sehif-P.)
nnect'icut E. Britton (June 17): Ialany terminal buds destroyed in So-athport.
PAL.IS (H-10-ius -nalco TnEt.)
York P. 'Felt (June 2 ) The pales v.eevil, LHyLob s nales, identification Provisio---,,l, infe,7:ts 100 r, .r cent of a rather s-oarse nlantin!
of Scotch pine acres in extent in eastern NewYork near Ballston.
Twenty-five to 40 per cent of the trees are in a dying or dead
condition. The infestation very probably originated in bordering
old hard nines.
BUR OAK IER:MES (Kermes pubescens Bogue)
Kansas J. '*. McColloch (June 19): Twigs of bur oak heavily infested
"ith this kermes wore received from Glen Elder and Erie on June
2 and from Eldorado on June 15.
BIRCH LEaF MINER (Fenusa pumila Klug) Connecticut ", Z. 3ritton (June 19): Terminal Taves of sprouts and seedlings
have been mined in New Haven and vicinity. First-generation larvae
ore now leaving the mines. Adults are now scarce but ,ere abundant as compared with an Laverage year, and injury more noticeable
as compared with last month.
New York Z. P. Felt (June 26): The birch leaf miner is generally distributed
in the vicinity of New York City, in some areas mining a very
considerable proportion of the gray birch leaves. It does not seem
to be so injurious to other birches. The general indications
are that Li the older infested area in the.eastern eart of New
York State this insect will be less abundant than in past years.
SPRMUCE BUDWORMi (Harmoloea fumiferana Clem.) Connecticut W. E. Britton (June 14): At Vest Iaven several larvae were found
foeoding on buds of ornamental tree. Two had pupated.
STJUCE NITE (Paratetranychus uniungnuis Jscobi) :ichi7an Eurenia McDaniel (June 9): The spruce mite is doing quite a
consider"ble amount of damage over the State, in fact we find it
'ITCH-HZEL CON GALL (Hormachis hamamelidis Fitch) Nei, York E. P. 7elt (June 26): The -'itch-hazel cone pall, Hormepis
hamamelidis,is some ht abniiant upon "itch hazel, occasional
bushes being very badly infested.
FLAT-BEaDED APPLE TREE BORER (Chrysobothris femorata Cliv.) braska M# H. Swenk (June 25): The flat-headed apple tree borer was
found infesting dying maple trees in Lincoln.
COTTONY MAPLE SCLE (Pulvinaria vitis L.) iana J. J. Davis (June 26): The cottony maple scale is more abundant
in some sectionsof the State than usual. It seems to have increased
especially in central Indiana and is probably less abundant in the
northern end of the State ",here it -as so abundant and destructive
a fe7" years ago. Reports began coming in May 28 and are continuing
to reach us. The localities reporting severe infestations include
Amboy, Anderson, Boggstovn, Clinton, Fairmount, Farmland, Greensburg,
Hartford City, Indianapolis, Knightstown, La Fayette, Montpelier,
Muncie, New Castle, Noblesville, Bdrtland, Shelbyville, Uniondale,
and .7inchester. The ea-s of the cottony maple scale began hatching
at La Fayette June 26.
GOUTY VEIN GALL (Dasyneura cornmunis Felt) diana J. J, Davis (June 26):. The gouty vein gall (empty galls) on maple
were received from Edinburg on June 6. This gall was once sent
in last year from southern Indiana.
SILVER MAPLE LEaF MITE (Phyllocoptes quadripes Shim.) diana J. J. Davis (June 26): The bladder maple gall was reported June
16 as abundant on maples at Greensburg.
BEMLOCK SPANORM (Ellopi fiscellaria Guen.) sconsin S. B. Fracker (Telegram dated June 19): The hemlock span7worm
hatched this week in Peninsula Park,Door County. Now feeding in large numbers on hemlock and balsam, Five hundred acres are infested in State Park besides several private stands outside.
ELM COCKSCOLB GALL (Colopha ulmicola Fitch) diana J. J. Davis (June 26): The elm cockscomb gall ws reported abundant
on elms at Rochester June 17.
ELM StiFLY (Cimbex americana Leach) isas J. W. McColloch (June 13): This sawfly is reported defoliating
elms in Montgomery County.
iHITE ELM SCALE (Chiohasnis americana Johns.) :obrska M, H. S-enk (June 25): The ,tie-elm scale continued to be the
subject of complaint of injury by bur correspondents.
PINE F SCALE (Chionaspis rinifoliae Fitch) Nebraska M. H. Senk (June 25): The pine leaf scale continued to be the
subject of complaint of injury by our correspondents.
OOTLLY ELM APHID (Eriosoma americanum Riley), Nebra s ka M. H. Swenk (June 25): During the first week in June numerous complaints of elm leaf curl ,caused by the aphid Schizoneura
americana, were received from Cass and Douglas Counties, especially
in the vicinity of Omaha and Plattsmouth. A little later similar
reports were received from Alliance in Box Butte County,
ELM CA BEaRER (Coleophora limosipenella Dup.)
Nw York E,. P Felt (June 26): The elm ea~e bearer is somewhat generally
present in the New York area although not in large numbers.
ELM LEAF SAThFLY MINUR (Kaliofenusa ulmi Sund.) e-o York E. P. Felt (June 28): The elm leaf sav'fly miner.-is rather abundant
locally on Scotch elm-in the vicinity of New York City, and also
in sections near Albany, the leaves being very badly mined.
ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella xanthomelaena Schr.) SYork E. P, Felt (June 26): The elm leaf beetle has.not appeared in
any numbers and conditions suggest that there may be a relatively
WOOLLY LARCH APHID (Chermes strobilobius Kalt.) New York E. P, Felt (June 26): The woolly larch aphid is rather abundant
on larches in the vicinity of New York City, and also in Albany,
many of the trees presenting the appearanceof being lightly
dusted with woolly matter,
LARCH CASE BEORE (Coleophora laricella Hbn.) New York E, P. Felt (June 26): The larch case bearer is also, somTewhat
prevalenttoptlarches, though the injury appears to be distinctly
less than used by the aphid.
PEaIODIC.L CICADA (Tibicina septendecim L.)
Kansas J. W. McColloch (June 10): Specimens of the 17-ear cicada
wTere received from 7,-athena, 1-ithout any infor!ition n3 to t",'irt
OCC~i (Speciec undetermined)
daho iP 'R Hae, 7ce (Jurs !0): Cicadas of an undaetlmi- sec
-iero collectV-, fromi sage brush 20 miles we7st of Rogerscfl, It
a. COOl. Cloudy day and the cic-idas were not at all active CO that
I -could pick them from the sot brush at vrill. There ','rcre ltrl thousands of them and I picked -as many a-, 50 from an ordin~ary
sage less than ~4 feet high and 3 feet across. The -round .7a!7
'punctured full of holes here they had come out and. the saqi-- b771U2
fullul Of empty pupal cases., They were noticed from this ~1~
to 25 miles north and very likXely could have been found or.ir a
much larger area-. This is a rolling plateau re, ion co-orc! '-it'; -a
heavy stand of p-ure sage and the altitude is from 5,5co to O!,CCO
'JHITB GRUBS (Thylloohaga sp-p.)
di anaJ. J. Davis (June 26): May beetles were unusually abundant in"ca;
nenthern half of Indiana, e specially in the na thv,!ester~n quar~t C?, In some localities, as at Rochester and 'Winamac, trees -",erG flitc
S'LRUCE S.a:T'_LY (ITeodiprion abietis Hr'rr.)
w York .P.Felt (June 29): Fir saT'fly larvae, Thjpyc bitsIcr.
are 'untuulJVry abund ,nt and may -prove some"7hat destr ctive to >r
pine, west of Albany.
.VTISB BEETLES (Meloidae)
nesota 0. E. Miclkel (June 17): Blister 'beetles are very nlumerous inti
-es~ern and southern -carts of the State and 1may co, pl nt F, ;rO
being received of injury to hedges by them.
I1T S E CTS ~T C K I NG C-'R E EIT H OjS E
!LN D 0QR N M jNT -L PLA ITT S
IUTICRN C.-J:-PILL.- (Schizuara unicornis S. ,
sissippi R. W. Earned (June 21): ri,-ho conoaints have bCeen r eceivol. in
regard to SciT7_ir&. uniqornfi on I j~es 1~; a i r it c, zfrsi1
lloss Point, on June 10, and the othe'--r from Winona, on jiin3 1-2.
ROSE Cl i,:.R (',acrodactylus oiou Fab.)
sachusetts A. I. Bourne (June 22): The rose clhafer has not as yet rJe itz
appearance. This is later than any date of its avpearanc2 Zince
/irS.j-kbbotSt (Jurio 13): N 5t so abundant as usual at viernioi.
k~lmost none on roses, but Penerally found on the elderberry
Yo Thk 'Pt P. Felt (June 29): Rose beetles are beginning to aprear in
somef- n'ambers in southern Rencselaer and northern Columbia
Nbrsk 116 H. S-7erni .(June 5): The rose cha-fer, judlgin,7 from 'he nume-rous
on all -kinds- of trees, shrubs, -and :-~rde,-, pla nts. The most heavily
infesteod rea extended from Gr.aint rand Hooker Counti es south to
Xeith County and e, st to Ant6lopo County.
ROSE CIECJLIO (n -ynchites bicolor Fab.) 'Utah Gcor,7c F. Inorlton (Juno 21): The rose curculio is damaging
roses in the gardens around Log'an :and Smithfield.
ROSE S,,-,FLY (Caliron aethiors Fab.) !\Tb Ic 14 H S-ek (June 25): The izur1 a-,mount of injury to rose leaves
by the rose -slug -las report during en~rly June, S'LqO.E3,iLL S
SNO'ZALL "PHID (]Anura-phis viburnicola Gill.) U7tah George F. Kno71ton (June 21): This insect has been damaging
snor',balls in Logan and Salt lake this spring.
CM~Y S,.NTh2 LIU
GRE:-THOUSE L TYER (Phlyctaenia fer-a 7alis, Hbn,) Mis sisciooi R,~ -0. Harned (June 21)-- Specimnens of the Freenhcuse leaf tyer
1--ere received from a correspcndent -A CrJeile, Lauderdale. County,
on Juno 4. They -ere reported d,,mna-in.- clinyc~.~u
.~S~h~JWD (~-~ismiditetcnii Thos.) N ob r a sk 1. Hi. S'-enk (June 253): A heavy infestation of the roots of aster
plants rith the astFer -~hd~srpred from Holt County, near
Stuart, about the inid3le of June.
OYSTEB -SITLL SC2(Lepidosaphes uimi L.) Indiana J. J. Davis (June 2'-6): The oyster-shell scale is normally ab'iridatt
on lilac and ash. IMany shrubs and trees are dead from thin insect. It has been reported as abundant on apple in a few
VIOLET S aFLY (Ephyrtus canadensis Kirby) Indiana J. J. Davis (June 26): The violet sawfly -as reported daraging
pansies at Ft. W7ayne, June 23.
EUONYMUS SC-E (Chionaspis euonvnni Corn t.) Virginia 7, S. ALbott (April): One plant -as reported killed and others
badly injured at Fairfax.
RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.) Texas F. C. Bishop (June 24): Red spiders have been reported as
causing some damage to shrubs and ornamental plants in Dallas
during the last 'eek.
I I SE CTS ATTAC K ING M N AND
DO MESTI C ANIMALS
Missouri L. Hasemrnan (June 25): Fleas have failed to attract their usual
attention during the month of June and are seemingly conspicuous
by their absence.
CHI GERS (Tromboicula irritans Riley) Texas P. C. Bishopp (June 24): Chiggers have been very troublesome
in this vicinity (Dallas) from the latter rart of May to date.
The luxurious growth of vegetation and abundant rainfall are
probably partially responsible for their abundance.
HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.) Missouri L, Haseman (June 25): The horn fly has been more abundant
during the month than usual in spite of the unusuaally cool
Texas F, C. Bishop (June 24): Horn flies have not constituted as
important a problem for the dairymen in this section (Dallas)
this sprin- as is usually the case.
C,;i'7Y0TT HOR7" r"Y (Tabanus rubescens Bellardi)
ex.~F. C. 13-tloom (June 24): Reports indicate that the cI..--''
hors3e fly has 13-en quite annnying te) horses and cattle alng wa ter courses in many parts of' south-restern Texas. These flies probably
have been a factor in the spread of anthrax, KIc as appecpred in Uvalde and Mejiard Counties in localities irhere the flies are
New York E. P?. Felt: Blowflies sheltering inmumbers under a shingle
rp,,f in the Adirondacks resulted in serious injury by .,,oodpeckers)
the latter drilling through the shingles to get at the insects
ST-O12 7LY (Stomo-Kys calcitrans, L.)
iMjssouJrj L. Haceman (June 25). The stable fly has been more abundant during
the month than uswal in site of the unusually cool eahr
Texar, 0. L. Babcock (":ay 25-): .pi-crntly owring to the cool late spring
and moist weather, the stable fly is more numerous thanf is usual for t2is time of toyear in this section (Sonora and vicinity).
HOU511 MY (hus ca dome sti ca L.)
Y i,,s bur i L. Haseman (June 259): The house fly has also bred in great
abundance througho-'t central Missouri. The recent rains and damp
-.-eather ha~ve undou')tedly favored breeding.
ScR.E.t :Ll zC (Ch.vsyia m cel la ria Fab .)
Texac G~ Babcock (-.-ay 23): Appearanlce as follows
For cent For cent
M'ar ch 11 . Aril 26 2
March 2c: .. .... 5 ;y*. 514
,.pril 10 .... Trace -ay 11 ...78
April 19 .........1 Ma,,y 19 ..,72
2? . 67
S~ CTLi-TFI2C, (Echidnonbth -.1 aens ~istv.
Kans~as J. W. mcColloch (My31): T flea is reoportod to be !Cllirg
chickens in a 1)mltry yaird zt la'c City,
A 3WU FALO GYAT (Simul ium iohnqE en i FT,:,r t
btska ., ~S ien k (June 25r): The cmt =iu~~ t~ ,-,~ tV
CrekMdison County, reported.on May 2~tiat ~~lb~~i'
flies 'ere causi.-4 -Iosofs~1 chikns on a fargi h(C"
Elkhorn River. Opecirniens of -this f ly'ireri .-oiirv d : nd pi OvC
be Sim rul ium j2ha n nqe r.
.HCN IEr: (TPermrays-s g-a1Ii n nve RediY
xa C~. G, Babcock (M~ay 24): Poultry houses at San Anlelo !1O07
heavy infestations of the commron2 rocst ite rvhich mt e I C
A BILLBTJG (Sphen9o:orus ~iat is Gyll..)
gas J.W colc (14Ly 26)- At vialme adults ~ he~co~re
reported aivin, considerable trouble to chickens b3;t~~1Pt~
selves to the beaks.
q~EIC41 -oU TICK. (qeflacnor varialoilis)
IA... M H. S, -enk (June 25): L'ate in, May a corresponldenlt in Br07n.
County near 'An -orth reported that he h ad several v;~u'ble O'
that were sc baaly infested uith *ood ticzks, errnaceflt r ~i
;is to require immediate relief.
IN S EC TS I NF ES T IN GH 0U.SfES Nu
P R~ E 11 E S
0To H. Pat-k s (May 3 ) Tjhese insects we're sent in M4ay5byt county agent of 1Miami County with th, staternient tha~th vere
destr6ying the posts and sill', of-the barn and th'e floor of h house on 'one farm in we-,terl O11i1. (june 26): ':Tite. ants' 'cerc brought in from 'West Jefferson rrith the uttmn tht Ie~vr
eating the rug on the floor- The home w~as visited June 24~ by 7.
Oiaytmn,, mho found this tr'ue. The ants h'ad emerged through oc
in the f-lbor and had eaten the base of the rug over a 7%mall
J. J, Davis (June 26): Teri tes %vere abundant as usual 'thJs
spring. One infestation in c. dliellillg IMF reported June 19 frim~
Kendaliville, vihich is in the northeastern co7&n r .of tlne ~~
avkaM. H, Swenkc (June 25): A Harlan County correspondent r-3port,_:A t
he had lost. quite a number of his fruit trees because of t'-,t
termite Reticiilitermne!- tibialis Banics attacking the rootsg of' th-?
trees'and killing them,
Fa ns as J. W. McCulloch (June 15): Damage towoodrork in t,'e &ccn-r it.
of a dwielling by -7hite ants was reported from L~ong Tsland.
(May 25).- Severe damage to the vcoodwork in a hcuse at ~iP
Indiana j. J. Davis (June 26): Fleas have been reported abundant the
past month in dwellings and hog houses in several se-otio~s of
Thd~ianaJ. J. Davis (June 26): Cockroaches have been rotdfo l
sections of the State in dT-,e11ing-s, stores, cream station Pndpacking shed.
POCAMM POST BEETLES (:4vctus spp..) Indiana J. J. Daviis (June 26: The powder oost beetle -(Lyctusz.
was reported the past month seriously infesting joists in a dwelling at Noblesville, to a chair at Shoals, and to rough
hickory furniture at Yl&rtinsville.
Nebraska M.H. S-~enk (June 25): Pow~der irost beetles 'vere repoi.-te a! h' i~n..
damaged a barn built of cottonwood lumnber in Pierce County, -r'd
also a built-in oak bookcase in a residence at Scribner, Z~dl-e
Risconsin S. B. Fracker (June 16): As troublesome as usual in Bayfield, Dane, Kenosha, MilV,,aukee, Sauk, and 17iinnebagoCunis
NTebraslm M. Ho Swenk (June 25): During late P.a rand early June there ~'r
many complaints of ants rAf various species injuring peorAo, -nd other flowers and invading the kitchens ;?nd p.'intries of hon ses.
Prominent among these were Camponotus herculeanus L,. n-i
11onomoriurn phraonis L,.
DOG FLEA Cteoehh canis -9ouchet)
C,,T FLEA (.felis Bcuche')Texas F. C. Bishopp (June 24): A great mrany infestation Of peii~
including households, b, dog and crit fleas have beonr reiprrtd
from various parts of northern and e.-st(rn Tex-s, znl oeal in Dallas, during May and June. Fl1ea-s have nppxrcntly 'hou1v
more numerous tnd troublesome thi s ,-priw~ ti pn for ~Y
ARMY CUJT;Q1. RI (0hori auxo1 s Ar i Gr ot t)
Kanlsas J. W. lMcColloch (June 18) : Cutr.'orm moths, principal y thl-c-r of
thc army cut'-orm,have proved -. general nuisance in llucvs~ tlroughort,
much aT the State. The moths began appearing late ir-W
are now decreasing in numbers.
S ST0 RE D- G RA IN IINS E CT S
AIGOLUMIS GRAIN MOTH (SitDntro~a ceelli 1v,
Maryland Perez Simrn and Cd W. Ellington (May 25): First adlllt o" >
season were observed this date in jars of itueat heads e:,T35Cea
during the ,inter in an outdoor insectary- at Sli 3- L_-boator.
This -p-pearance coincides wcith the heading of ivrh&2t in thefield.
LALRDER BETLEP (Dermestes lardarius L.) N'ebrasim M. H. Swenk (June 25): Several reports of injury to home-o2ured
meats by the larder beetle were received during June.
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 5427