The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00158

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

B UL LE TI N



A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States, issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.



















Volume 5 May 1, 1925 Number 2


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

U NIT ED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE A ND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATI NG










INTSECT PEST ST.YRVEY BULLET IUT



Vol. 5 May 1, 1225 ITO. 2


OUTTST=-'IlG F.TOLCMCL kTT7_S I.L T-_:"'I 7DI STATZ 'S FOUR APRIL, 10935

Du~rin- the :)ast month the oitst,-nding entomolo -ica:)l feature -7as the decided advance of the season in the Th nla iddle Atl~zintic, South Atlantic, and
Gulpf States, and the :issisiri ard Ohio RvrV21:s. In le-7 _71arid the
entomological season is about t--o w-eelks in advance of noral.

The outbreaks of thc army Cut'701M.- raD Ldly -wrogrossod in the Roch-y L,7oitain foothills region, extending f rom nor thliern Te a s acro ss ---:--t rn Oklh:!a- 7n-za s, and Yie3rasila, and into eastern Colora, o aid ToJ

7e are advised-' throuj h' -Herrera of a terrific outboreak of ~osopr
in the Stts of C"iapas ahdA-Vera-.Cuz,,cto tie souathcrn bo-uide-ry- of the State of' San Luis Potosi .:.

The chinch-bug situation on the wh ole remains favorable. But little damage is antici-ietod in the Ohio River basin a-nd the.- only rejirorts of daira-e nre coming from northern sI _L _,pi.

Hessian-fly em:erge nce has s o frer ',Deen slighIt andf rotractecl. ovrer Indiana,
Ilinis Mssur,_Hbraslka, and Yorfn Da:,ot-a. Th:e situaation as a whole is not generally serious.

Th e Eeen -bug situation is gen.erall-7 favorable ov:er the entire belt.

A new -pest, Tosastes cinerascens Pierce, is reported as attadring alfalfa in eastern Oregon. This is iundoubte-dlY a native weevil turnin,-g its attention to cultivated cro,)s.

Aphids on a-wples 'hatched consid erably earlier than usual over most of He7 England, -where they are also re7'orted as more numerous.. An abundance of aphid
-eggs is also re-ported from 11in-iesota, 'Tisconsin, an1 :.:issouri. On the other hand, Illinois antici-,etes bout little damage from these pests, as abnormally small numbers are no- -Present.

Codling-moth adult's emerged ten days earlier than usual in central Illinois and three. -eeks earlier than usual at Bentonville, Ark, Similar recor-ds of early
emergence are received from central 7"issouri.

The tolum-carculio situation in th+7e peach belt of Georgia is serious. The beetles are just putting in an appearance in the orc-hards of southern Illinois.

The weevil G1rtoscelis souamulata Or., first reported as a -pe)st in the Survey Bulletin of 1h-ay, 1922) (Volume 2, No. 2, page5)whritasrore asdm
aging grapes ,in southern FTevaeda, is nor, reported for the second time as attac7king grapes this time in thle Coachella Valley in southern California.


-47-





48

The -Australian -eevil is -7orlcing its inland from V7ie
cc,,, -_ t c o un t i c s i n i --s i c 7 i ,c i z nd L o a i o i a iia, It no77 covers P. stri-o of territory 071-t-_nLlin: from :'I'obile County' 1 la. --c-st-rard alon t4-e G-olf coast to 7as"ine-ton and S t Ta,=rany Count i es T-a. a:-i,1)_ northT,,ar to For re -7) t Cornty,

The seed-corn ri-a -,-ot .. as re'-portce. -..-,st t-o 11-ees of V e mouth as
V !rest to note
;"iii in V e areo. from Louis- It 4 .s cf in'
-ana to Sout'-,
thet t-*,ii ins ct is in t' e fertilizer rom.
In rC730'tS of t.-e 7ur-,,-7-r a,-I' Te --e 'ne associ;7tio'-11 Of this
i-- ,ci; --!ith the use of or- Jc fcr+1. liz crs in !e- ,ft a- -e South Atlantic State. verv ci _Ili! -r a" i 'ted .1!7.-- ol t-c cabbage
'Soc r tioa __T nc e -ee n -I
Traggot a-.' d seet-corn and t__4e uce of fish--.eal frtilize- in cali"ornia.

-Arhids ---ere so nureroas on s-,1i:iac'_,-, i -q It -he canncry sections about Sacra=,--tO.
Calif., that t-!,e croT) in soTre c.:ises -as refused at t ic canneries.

Prom. observations m,.( c at the coo-peratIve hi7_,cr: tion st., tions 1,,,cated throaE iout t'-n.n cotton ')elt, it a,)-ear t tTe sunrivc.1 of boll is abolat nor7n-,31 from Te--.:as c.)st-,ard. to Louiciana anO. is,issi7pi. !,-.I 4;1-t-: So-."_- Itlantic States
surviv,,11 is generally laif her th iu nor,:ral. The only 1.07 S _7217117al is fr,0 :: t' Ie Tallr-ir-li, T-a., stat-ion. Fiel( olsarvatio-s in t,-,e Bro .-ri>ville Cti, )11 of Tex ls indic t::! t',at the i:ffestatuion is Ineavy for ti--.e of yCon.r.

In this nuT--bcr of the Survey aii etvin is a ;eneral surr ,r Of t- L-.e can-)'_nOr- scale situa.tio:-.

I'a e sh e e, re-rorted as being more n,.xmoro-1:Ls than in -Claces in Ne
Hlammohira a---,d India-_,.a, a re-oort of the a-r-are-nt introductio-n o.;- t1- is -rest into
a locality in Tc.7os on c'necp from Ohio 7.ac aiso reccivc.a.


011 3TAITDI17G L71170-1,OLO G !CAL FEIAEPFES EN TC)R APRIL, ln125

The 7rass'nop,- or outbreak in 3ritish Colixmbia during lC24 ras one of the Torst i n t' e history o lu," c Pro-tri.1-1ce, injury bcino, (ione in several sectors 'here out' Dreaks had Y.ot 'ceen previous ly re,")orted. widespread trouble may be ex-,ected during 1S,,25 if tile O'crinp, is hot, and Iry. Zvery precaution has been takc-,n to core -ith the Sit-,L-, Lion. Die .--r-sc'no-or-3er outbreak in 4 :anitoba -7hich originated in 1919 has been reduced to ne,71i, ,,ible pro-portions.

T'He corn borer s-pread to 14 ner to-..nships in On'tario d, .,ring 1924.
vcry marked increa-c in sev-ri'
.y of infestation occurred in the southern coxi-ties, es.eci7Mv in 'Hent aiid -ssex. The -prospects for 1925 are for a cont4nj rr ntid
increazu VIro i,,4iout tlle i.nfestcd area, because of V.-le large acreage of col.-:i 1 ,_id vu-)lou&lcd, a.1-d rcfii: e unburned.

.iire--.or-s rarl-ed as a major pest throughout tile Prairie Provincess e:ari-, s 1924.
-undant in- the 'Niagara district, ClItof V-ie 7-.jTo-:)eon red mite are very ab
on p1lim, a-nle, aid reach.
The rolling in British
mit'i is decidedly on V.-ic increase in eastern 'ue',ec. clumbia liC47-it i.--If est-tions have becn foixid in 'ait'isrto -ininfested. loc,.lities.







-49

An outbreak of the grapevine f lea-beetle is anticipated in the Niarara district, Ont. di&-inC the coming season.

The 7'oolly aphis is on the increase in British Columbia, 7/'nere it is doing considerable damage in some sections.

The larch sawrfly is becoming abu7taain in the 1Mairitimne Provinces Further injury may also be expected in the forests !aet nd north of Lak!Ie Supe~rior, the infestation extending across northern Alberta.

A very bad outbreak of tent caoteroillars is anticiirated in southern Sackatche-ian and southern Alberta d-urin- 11725, with onmn serious de-f oliatio-n of
poplars over extensive areas. Se,-ious trouble is al).1o ex~nected over ,',I~e areas in British Columbia.

There is every evidence thi-at the outbreaks of s-gruce b-ud.or = ri7ich occurred in 1924 in northern Ontario, Osue Breton Island, and the PFourn ( is trict, north ern Quaebec, ,,ill continue during 1125.

Serious outbreaks of th-,e Douelas fir baf-z-be~etle, >nrCu15rsu n.
Hopk., in stands of Dou -1as fir on Vanco-uwer IS7 an ,d, c nuis to st-qndlng cedar by the western cedar borer, :~beeblondeli HeTrs. are causing- anlXietyr in British Columbia.

714very effort is being made to stamiD ou)t th'e infestation of t'he f, psy moth
discovered in quebec at Iacolle late last suruier. The iifestc-tion co-vers an area of about one-third of a sq,.ara m-iile.

The warble fly, Hyodelmc:7. bo7vis DeGJ. has s-pfead in H anaitoba to such an extent th at very f er herds are fee f romr it in the southner-n ad central poort ions of the 'Province.







"OER E iL AIT D F C, ? 1 13 E- C H 0 P I IT S 7 C T S

71
G 7 E I I D S

,;R.- .SSHOPPE S (;,.crk'1ii:!1-c.)

Oklahoma J. S. Pinckney (Arril 17): The situation arrears
to bo seri,_us in rj rt..j-7CF7tLrn -part of J,:,",- rscn -nd the
o ;ut", --stern prt of CDtton C,)uitics. Urc;n La rather intensive e=inn.tion at the abi-ve montionr-d rl,. -ces rtiny c--s ih h.:itch, ble condition 1-ere found. The m -Jorit,,:r c-F the e,--s 17cre
r, -dy to hatch and some, -7 rc es rcre foun, th -A h Ireacy


J. 11. -.-7Drton (,*,)rj.l 1S): L -.-,,t ye,,,x Is --, sshoprer depred tion
ill Corr).riche Colinty, rl.il in th3 vicinity of H,.Lstin,-s in Jefferson
an-7- C -_ t t on Co-ont i es oma, h -, n thor, u -hly C rDusecl the
Pe:r-,le to an prepare on out-I-)reak this ya-x. The
7'riter foun-d pro 7.- &.c',s for srorladic cutbre,7 ':s in
Cor-1-iche C, unty in a zfe,7, -i)!.- ces T7here e,-,-s 7rere at the
maximum r -te of 9 healt.'-)y pocis per square foot. ",,7stly,
1-10-eVe'r) he-lt'hy pods numbered 1 or 2 per square fpot. Five
speci, s, or possibly 7ene-a, %,rere rcm-_nJ*Lz!---le in tte different
tynes of e- .0 !1_n"1. C,7:,- po, S, Dise-se.' an'_ -- rtly ectroycd
po-ls -ere alouncl-nt in -i)roncrtion on '.-,,rch 2,9.

T e x a s F, L. Gprii 14): to cotton seens to be e xlicr
an- -.t-,O.,7 rently -orse than 1-!-ist ye;-x iii, O acres of 7c=n;
(Broyos Co.). 14illions e!--tin.:7 c:)tton f,-,,st rts'it cx-.es.up
(Poll.. Co.). Reported from 111iln-1) Frees-tonc, Walles, Ft. Bend, nd Grkaes Counties.

Ch-flps if. Gable (,. pril 21): If'. ,,. 13,nicer rencrts
'!1el'a'no-11US lif fere-nti,-.lis Thos. wndr!'rosus Scu"_.
tn on of the
hatchin- in tremen: ous numbers in nor ern D r-Ti
St7,tp. -here there havcbeen ralns. The-r h!-,.ve not yet be,,un
to hatch in area of centr -l Tex-I.s --,here t1ley r7ere
'Ibun '-nt 1 st ve- r. The drou.-ht is so severe th -t the entire
section i2 7s bro-n and bare -ts in Deceriber excei)t for trees
and brush. On f c,- 7s a-P eared
il 11 only a percent-.-e
injur ed 'by the drou.7ht.

14exico L. Herrcra (AP ill)25)- Cli?-.,inl fro-, the daily 7 ,per
"_l Universal" reforrin,,!- to the enor-7ous which the
I
we cz- u s ed in the St. tes of Ch-a- s -.ind Vera rassho ,)T ler s h 1 4, p:
Cruz, also a' visin,7 that the h-lve ,.ilrealy
reiclied Tanc inhuitz, San Luis Potosi, th(--t there is 7reat i,-er of their inw.Cin.- the Unite" St-ites.
"The terri' le -rasshopl'per El Uni-icrnal (.,.T)ril 1925):
ythini, even the roofs of the huts. Renh--s eaten up over- Al -rts
recoivr_,c yestorLTI-ly "ith re,,-. ,rd to .-r:tssho,,-oers in:',' ic-- te that
the nla,-u requires ,t f,.,.r more extensive campa i .n t'.an -as

-50-









assumed ori_-Lmlly. The centers of J, Pvastation
and Vera Cruz. "T'ne Inyor of Siriojevel, ChiaT)aorepcrts t i- t the bet-een. this 1,)c-,lit r -nJI't'he Vill,_L._I'e kno'-In as !Tew,
district of Si:,- ojevelis infc ote,. b,7 a 5mr rm of --hich
exten Ls over an Prea of 'C hect-res in a mountainous -here
it is very difficult to co.,Ib- t t' e -,a cst. The ayor o-E
Chia-pas, states, t'n t his has een
s-Tarm of '-ra s shmp-por s e-t cn 'in ., (i,, er f our m; il es and in notae
sattleI-.,e.nts*IL,.ve left not ca sin,-le 1)1,-tnt une7Aen. They h-ive
P'-te-.q up everythi-_i:-,eve.n the roo-'s -f the huts of the n.-Aives,
t c' i t.Ic ves. The consternr.Aion -,f the
zrit iv c s has no preccaent, an" the,r f,-,r ki-e'i---te help. The
con,,, ission-_,rie s of the St-.te h -: ,rc -Ilro,-.,, y st-rted a forr- ,al
climn'LL- to checir the -,mt., I'Le c-io' of the Campeche zone reports
t'-17t C, V7-.rm of h-. cattle l Io-m in Hecelclhh- '?: !n on
Ulsi V i C 4 -_ C,
a h.L -16 in the immb,",i.ate _,.ni-,,y of the :31-nc l Flor Dct,-t in the jurisdiction of Sant,-. Cruz,,-,,n(' th-A rlc- ,-Ures hlve een
e m t o c. ombn t the' -)cst therc. -e stAes- tly_ ,t he h-s sent ox o f rri s sl-i o -) e r's -rhicli re ipff ccte,,, -it"! Imo,,,-,n amon- the
n!itives' -,s. IITrom-)ii,:..:II This shi--,ent rf in-lecte-1 -rn zsl,-1-71rers
is 101)1-6-1 for -ith r ett interest, -.7 a of n,,,eci-l Y

TTHII LU33 Z1 S S- OF. (7 orr-'_ea T-_i(_-ro,-)ter!,I Beauv.

Mississip7i R. 74, 12-2). l,,r. Troy Tho-rnson Df the U. S. _Dureau of
hc)7, .-iu-rters --,t rites t1,7A
he -7r.-..-sho--,pcr on I-ril 16 for the
-ac --rites Ps
fil-st tine in 1525. In re-ar !- to '_-iese L ects, he
follo---s. "on 'tiie lbth 7he.n*returnin,7 from Pic,,Ywe, I notice,
just north of Bay )u L croix so-.ethin,-7 in the r,)-,,! th-A -ave the
iT, -oression of n-ini-ture nerro soldiers in a If,-1nI fir.m,-,tir n dO,?loyel from the at the :,,f the ro %:! -nl after a
c r elul ex- --i:n-ti-n I foun,". them to a Y-mn,- n7--7h-, of
-Acrontera. Incilcnt-lly this is r-iy first (Y)servance oi these
r7r sehr-)-)ers for the ye-Ir 1925. 1 notice this fcrmaticn at
several iilaces alon- the rol . for 'Ac-t-mce of n. .1-vil-Ar mile, !-.,n,-l
all )f the movements -ere fror, the L,-,st to -est."



0. P. Corkins (sril 16)., ?or the 15irst t-Ime in the history -f ., --ric,: lture in Trci-!o-_A Countr, this rest h ,,s h -,tchc'L out n the
farm 1,- nIs. HerctDfore th, ;-r h---ve )ecn manace only on. t'--e r-Ln. -7e
in the nount A_is. Poisoning: _-Tc n,)77 in o,7ress. They
,,ire not An, as yet.



Inlianra J. J. D-wis (,oril 23): Durin- the 7,,st fc- months many inquiries
hL-Ve been. received. rel-Lti, re t6 -7nite .--rubs. Ilthou.7h n')" ,7rer t
many reports -7cre 1 st -e-r the reports no-, comin,-- in,
tellinl- of conditions 11-st ye.-.r, si-,,v-, th-at this insect quite
c ,ener,-aly !Cstr-,.Icti,!a in t1-le SV-,te.





-52

!""ississipri R. '.'I. H:,rne (.,7,ril 2P): Ins,)cctor P. B. Deen r reports the f ir st lv"'ay beetles collectcJ at TiiTelo on April 13.

C. i'j.nslie (a.)ril P-3): : Ilults are reported in
unusun-1 num"-ers in this loca-iity (Sicux City) this spring, P. i
mid j c j 'a Horn bei,,7 so f!7 r -the riost- cc,.-- n s-ecies. Phyllo-haga iarv-_e not nearly -Is numerous cs 1-- st yerr.

(.:2')ri1 20): Th Its of the hit ubs are
-'iso e -,innin.-' to erizz,-:e.

Oklahoma J. R. Horton (april 9): Phyllo-oha,-i cribrosa Lec. has caused no
coni7ercially iml:-,ortant -s Jret .t L-7ton; very slL-,.ht to
7he:,.t .')y the -rul s. In Comanche Count7, of this .7in zless
may-'o-eetle 7ere abroad ,-,.t this 1- ,titu,-le on 'vl rch 24. it
-,Zy 7)e e:,Tecte,! that att-cl,:s 7ill occur on so ne of the fields
-C,
01 s-: 'Ybe-ns in the rientio-ae.-I c( unt7 t,'AS smii-er.

CUIE 70?, ,',S ('.Tloctuidae)

is s i ss inri K. L. Cockerham (A-pril 15): There h-s ")een. -7cnernl complaint i
soi-Ahern concernin -, the "one 'by clat-orms.,
1"TO'Da' lY --v-rDtis sp- This h-, s '-een o')T-erved throughout
L
:r il !Tv-- heard more f:-zr.-.ers complainin- 0,30ut C ut7or" srr1n,,': than for ce,,rcr ,.l years One
f,'-rr or near here (-Qiloxi) rencrts thA he caa _nt over 2C0 one
ni-ht 7ith th,3 -.V. of flnshli Tlnt.

(: orosagrotis ortho, :onia 1:orr.)

J. R. Horton (,4_Dril 9): Da the 1:-Itter half of FE oruary of this
year as comnarea ith the s-ne pEriol, in 1 24, the 7orms are
not a-)iandant an-7 the is sji,7 jt i-I -quay 0,clinty. The 17orms
-ere in -first to t1Lird instar Fe.)rurry 24-25, this 1re:,rF-aseman 20): Fro-i this State are
re7?orta.1 Present, es-,-cci 11_y in so,"' lane,.

QE l if ornia C. '. Pl' .-cltar (AT-)ril 10): Injury to -r!7iii-is in the vicinity of
Sacramento, DVis, Stockton, nore 7e-ieral an(I severe than
Uslial.
-_IR-*,':CR", (Limonius sMaryl n'l Cory (4pril): Gro-ers rel)ort T)re-rio--s to seed corn;
i,()Or st -nJL in Vie vicinity of Accident.



F T_ 1- 07: lis (:a, eoder S7-.).

J- 1orton G-)-il 17): Injur, L.- fielIs in
-1 1)y t--7o rr
ichit,-, cau--(,, ci m is co dic tcC. 'o,,T -ie -irvTorm
Th i i, V-1 t o 7w t I e c, e b y :I" the




-53

writer in Clark, Meade, Se-rard~and1 Haskell Counties, Kansas~azid
Woodwardi, Mlarper,n! Texa s Counties, Oklahomra (March 2 -April 3).

CHINCH BUG (Blicsus leuco'; terus Say)

Indiana J. J. Davis (April 23): Tlo irJ.ic- t ions that this insect "Ti1l be destructively abundant this coming ye,-r.

Ill ino is 1-7. P. Flint (April 27): Field ernmini-tions to ,T.te be--r- out hibernation recorJs n. ~'ic-.to no serious ~ from this
insect at any point in the St -tc from irtrodchinch 1u,--.

Mississippi R. 17. Harned (April 21): Un-,'wr da1-te cf arril 13, a com-plaint
has been received" in re,,rrd to chin--ch h-uq seri,-usly aai
oats at Rome, in Sunflo --er County. Cn the sa-me &-,te colan
-was received from DV rew7, in Suaflo-cr County, in re-:sr'l to the
aama,7e these insects are causing to corn.

Missouri Haseman & 7Wade (~rl20): Chinch 7bw,,s are attracting -,ttontion
in wheat, where they are mating ,,pril 15, in the westernn pa)rt of th'e
State.
ZESSLiF FLY (Phytopha -a cLfectructor S'~y)

Ind iana J. J. Davis (April 23): First er-7Lrs 7ere obevdat Laay3tte ofl
Apr il 11.

Ill ino is W. P. lint (AIpril 23): Adlults have been. em.-erv7in.T at Ur'--m2 for
nearly a month, 13ut in very csaall numb0-ers. It hais ee difficult at any time to fin' -iore than one or trno e.7:,s on infested. 1-)ants and the re-l cent of infested pla ,nts, or cuims, has 'been very 107
at all times, never amounting- to as mch as 10 per cent.

X1orth C. IT. a-inslie (April 16): Leroy Moon&77, Sirnt. of the Dickcinson,
Dakota INT. flak. Suibstat ion, s ent me list ,-'eek a small sack of hea-vily
inf ested '7heat. I tdissected 400 -,-uparia. Mr. 1:oona-7 said that he had "been lookinig for parasites and had found none. I thou,-ht
that he must be mistake Jen, for I had been rearin~z plentyr of
Platygaster hiemalis durin, : the w,-inter -from this same niaterial.
But, Is you will see in the ta7bula-tionx I found one paTrasite in
these 1400 -puparia. The results nre as fLollo7ws:

~P=a6 Larvae D ead 'P ty Par-as it iz ed
1'45 200 26 9 1

It -oulJ'd appear tha,-t the emergence of the fly may 'De slc-7 this
spring, since the larvae outnumber the {pparia at present and it
must take sorre Ilittl e time to transf orm.,
The small numb-er of empty cases seem to shivw a S,-.ll fall.
emergence, since it is almost too c-rly for the flies to escape
this sprb-ic. They are emer,-in.. freely no'- from this material in the Tarm office, but in the cool soil this -7oule not b e likely to
ha, pen yet.
The only T-ay I can account for the la ck of -zr~isites is that 1r.
MoonaT, must have taken this wheat frorm a part of th-e fielOL other
than" that from thich I took mine i-n Octob er, since from 00 punar ia


5r~li






-54
from this same fiel(I I re,, red 179 P0 hievilis. The lone paras it ic
pupa I liisecte,'! out that of a ch-,.lcV-,., some small species.

Ylissouri Haseman & ""'-,,Ie (i nril 20): Hes2ian fly emer -in, 7 in northwestern
Missouri, ij)ril 15, thou,-h nct es-ooci -117 a -Un_'.IT eo r a s ka M. H. s st,,te:' in ny re ort for the months of
J, nu ,.r-,.- ,n_" Fe'-)ruarY, 1925, non -'-.1,rch 11, reports of
infestti-n 'by the Hecsian fly in -her t clrille,,l on or after the
; n ,',)unc 7_ :!,'-Lte Of Safe So7in.7 are rracl;ically lackizur. 'rYon pr? ,scnt indications the counties --ost hcz-,vily infe'stel Ot this
time 1-re Se---,lr' !:nd Fillmorc. ; survey mr-'-c in the -estern -part
of Se-7ard County sho-.-,ed no infestation in the Irilled heat plants
in fields so-n after the late nf s ntfe ",ut in volunteer
pla:,ts infestations OIL an avera,-e of from one to nineteen puparia rer 7)1 __-Jt 17cre fo-xic. in LLifferent fields. In Fillynore County the county r-.-7ent re"'orts thrit the volunteer -he-t and the -he.-t so77n early, the an.Iou-.-ice (LIte of sc',fc so-1-in,-, is at this time
he,",vily infosto,11 -ith the Heszira fly, Con,7.itions in the State as a -7hole, ho*--evero are better than they 'htve eun tit any time
in the -C. ct f e-7 Ve -.rs.

Cal if orni-i C. :. Pnc1-,ard (..-ril 10): RcDortv! attaekin- -he, t in the San
Francisco B,,-y re,-rion, I ein,7 less than ncrral.

'IRII'y CL770RM (Chorit:l.-otis nuxili--zi-. lrote) Ye' r s, ca H. 01 r il The i.if o !' "o nk (, n -s'_,t7on since I rrote you last
has -Cvclo-le.-'_ the riost Severely in souther11 Xeith n,! nc! rly all .1 t'his officcP
of Per1ci-!7 -.0unties. Don 3. ,helan, 0 has ")een
-Orkin.7 in the ficllu there stice ar-Ail 1. The we,%Vler hc-s ")een
cool, rainy,,;r n. ... inIly, so th,--l.t the c,,,t-o-Trs 'n-we not been feeding as heavily they 'oe,7an doin.- late in 'Jorch. Some farnners think
t'Acy are throu:+ -ith their -ork, "-.ut the SiZe Of t'- C CUt*7orms indicl-' tcs t":i-,t this is not th-_ c-,,c. Dar--onstr,-.tio-_-is re being
7iven on th u,,e of the noiso.i-C ran an,".3ix thousfne conies
of a circul7.r a.1out this. ian.cct have,,)een distribute, amori 7 the
farmers in tl-ie infe ted counties. In other rords, the situation in

Xan sa s J. R. 'Horton and -H. 73lkCen (April 7): ::ost intensive period
ill outbrz r k 1 irch 2 to 20. Plants crop-Ded off to or slL htly
belo-1 surface of -rouncl, completely 0enlidin.- lar, e are!-z. Observed in Sed-ic., Surnn,, r, Pratt, B ,xber, Clark, SeT-ard, Haskell,
Staf Iorr" aivl -Reno Counties. Reno.,ted fron H: rper, Trin,-Inan. 'io*7-L,
Comanche, and :Zus!,ell Counties.

Cklaho-:z- J. L. 7orton cLn'-. H. rril 7): Renorted on "'_jor;
Har- er, Com,,mche,, -,,n "L Tex;- s Counti,- -Color_-. o 'in': ttc (.'''rc In .uir:Les nre recii concerning
to *ri--.ter e,t. In most
t' the -fields, eit'
o -or"is Atchin,, -e rr acrocs -,,r from
1,-id or othe- locr tionq' -,ihere the (,,-,-s 7Cre and






-55

the ,7or.s hatched in lar.-c numbers last summer. Thou Js of
acres of -vAn hnve -11ror..'ir been '7 --crently oy them.
Ei,7ht localities C-11in- for hel-p in the n,-'st -'Four y
7 'axtur-, anher 7t, yura,
Uul es)ur., Holyoke, H 'IT
Burl in--ton. Have -C-qt r,%n to anf! co--trol
measures,

7yoming 0. P. Corkins 20) of t',e cut,-:(-,r,.
has o .cu-rer. in Gos1, e*-a Cou--it-, control measures ave -,bee-n
nr- ,cticed L.-i j -f- -fiell-7. In I cr tor.%,r t'n .-70


G '777- T

South F. Lu-:LYiil1 171- -it the
C-.rolina anl a- ---arently 7,1 11,1 syr--hi'.s, t
ex-ecte- .. he -,lin7 out.

Texas C1h1--,,rles GT '-le 72): situ,-Ai ,n i-n --,iorth arrTe- r:.s is I
i-' e to f in' cnt.urin,-, a rec,,nt t,--i, throu-'-i t'.ie ccutie -.

Ue7 7. exico Paul :,:. 'il--.er 3): s t t ion, o-f -r a n u.- in so7e
D ol e- h- s mc t
een in a f eT-- -e-cfi7re to -1:'ifty -)er cent. Tlllo out',- re--.': a--x- rentl-T is nc- un: -er
control y a-encies.

C

FM :,C cucumbers 117r.rr,
170rth Thon.' s (. -ril 0)- T'lis i,.sect i-7 --icr -- 'A. I
'o-, 5:0-e to
Car 01 ina earl, corn t Chrv. ,ourn, -PO-.e of Vrie '3ein- ':ille!"- outr-;,7ht.
t' i-j it! 0--t ')-r
.ost o-f tl- iz corn h.,- ; ',.een chec'.ze'. r 17 t',-e (,r.1
e t1l e r 0 f:, t t t'--- r -t Vie -)res2-it t--, ccrA --in.7 v-er- little.
is .-- out t-o inches 1ii -i c

7-7.1' '-1.)

'N Yorl- -onthly D-Ater of
ort'--iley is co-.i,'-ucti-a,-7 a i--t he
corn ',-,,orer in --eq-tern Lon,- Islc-nl". --n,"L e-lster-i Stl-lte--, Isl-,n,
-here isolated colonies of tl--- i-i-cct '-:-c e
methods follo--;o--1 con,!i-t 7rinci-,.lly in Urnin.-, o77or ",y the use of s,-)ccially Iesil7-.r aa s ',urrcr, n'
-,ro, Tess has ecn -,alc in V'--is 77o.k, e 7c,- V-).er h7 ',een er

,0C. 'Y O-R: (Cir-his uni-qnqt, ,

S 0, I. Liu, 711a i' 7 er (.,,ril 1'): -.: ..v-.e 7t ll T'7'11,
Zar ol ina none o-,rcr Tj- ,J -- c j-1
I -.rvae not s rai -erous no-r a, a --iaek ,7o Col-a!-- I-ia. -,c 'C i-,
out'renk A this time.





-56
Ill inois P. F1 int (,,, k
-ril 2-): arr.ny-,rorri -ioths taken first time in 1925 on tho rii, -ht of itjr il 2 ) E, t C -r )onl"-ileo, accor"' in to S. C,
Chan,11 r.



G, (Loxo-te 7c Guen.)

Mansas J. R. -1-Torton ( Zril mo.'eratc si:!e,'- fli,71it of these moths
Cldahora 17,1 s u 'Jler -'a V 3Lur in.7 "I St t' '0 Of I !,' r ch fro r-, so uthcentr ,-A. 7.: nc -s to -ou4-th-ccntr.- l Cl:!-' hor, a-,

a (Tosa stcn cii-v:1ra5 cen pierce)

Ore.-on Don 0. ].ote (-nril 13): 3."'.,alts of aove eevil re-.porter to 'be
:3 1 to ol,'- ct n.' of .Lt ]?en lletcn.

CLO

r% 71

Indian-, J. J. Davis 23): Hlave noticccl this in-ect ',or.zint- on
clolrer for -some -,,eeks herc; ,3t Lafayct' -e, !,'_tncu,-'h no ;e* s-.)(, ci- ens fro-n iurora, in th D 7outh el- st ern corner of the Stcte, '7ith tho re- )ort thA ti-icy -,or'xin;on ilfalfa an '. that tIv,, fiel(I these s-ocknens c --.e from is
-r.-.ctica1lly '.cctro,,rcd in n- catches they ,rc --or!.cin,- the
heaviest. nhe o-_ier st Aess that the", '7ere --.uch -o-e nu: er6us '7eec a-7o tl-? n -no-. The rccziva', -ere -o-tly ful-1r o-7*, larvae, -ith a. fc- an'- an occ, signal one-thirk! ro-.!n
la rva..
G7-1:73S

G-RMS (07,rclocerhala sn.)
.1
Ill ihois as e cctc'.
Tlint (..-ril 23): -?E,, I follo-in-7 the unusually
he vy of L7,-rlults of this ,,ccies 1 1,t ser, injury
by i-7rT s is o- ',-)eln- rel'=tecl, in c: ,st-centrel Illinois. Thus far,
all inJuv re,- orte ', hl-,s ',cen to blue -rasc in

.(ConV-trini,7, sort-hiccla r,oo,

T s Chf-rles 'H. 1r,-I)le (-L-ril 21) Because, of r!rou7h+. -pr ictically
no .-r,,.--,in sor-hx-n h -s yet ',een nl,'intee., althou-711 it is nose- ,-n ---oeks 1-:"tcr than t!,e usual corl iect in,7 period.
'- or.,.hlxn nil:-e na '.c its a,-)-e ,r.-.nce in noz, al num' ers on Johnson in San on
-r" 27 1, Ft -e-; r.


I T 1 17 S -L 0 T S

lllis ___.,:_'; S

(Tetranrchus telarius L.

Cal if orn ia F. 2. rann ("nril 13): Serious injury k one to neCches, prunes,






-57

and a-,Dricots in T-ulare ""'ounty from May 10 to Novemler 1, 1024; .50-,OCO is spent nnually in control mc,%sures, spriyin,_-,, and dust ing.

EMOP 1 T TTJSSC10- '1,,:CTT-4. (.1%oto1ojJh,,is ntiqua L.)

Ma n s e s' H. B. -Hun-:_-erfo,-,-T (1,T;"rch 3): ,,t To-e :a one batch of e,-;s -ns
found in a shi-i-ent of 755,COC : .ah,_le'- se'e-'Llin.-_s frorn
France, byR. H. Del:,Tmer. Thesc e--s _Ieterminc 1r)y H.
Dyar as the 'Zurwpe., ,n tussock Moth.

A!71- T



Ma s tachus et t s A. I Z o,_j r ,- i e ( p r i 1 2 5 -)h i, -7, s e n t cn i n,- o n e s a n d
ere al so not e: on as e Lrl,,,r '! Tch 26, h s the
earli.,,-;st recor,-1 .7e h7 ve hp.,,! gince 1921 f'or the *hatchin,-, of a")hils on arr-il e. In re7ar to the n., -,-le a-- hirls I 7oiil,1 sa-v that reports
from all sections of the State an-lounce th. ,_t V__ey are -..ore a-un 2antin so.me cses to a ver.7 c-tant, - thr-Un is normally the
case. From sp-ci, iens --e h1avo there are all three species:
-)hi:-!, the an--)le_-r--An an,-1L the rosy a-pthe -reen a- n13 a-L pl e
a-7)11 id. az i y o C I t1le orc7-i.,r.1ists notice'. Vnat th--se a-phi'-s h-tcl-ie l
so early in rel )tion to the o-penin.7 of' the ,&.s that their Olormant
sp-rays, particularly -here they, use,' oils, c,-use,'. a ruch "etter
control than they ere, alle normally, to czecuro,

Rhode Island A.. -.E. Stc-ne G -.il 17): .it Kin: Ston pl int-lice are -,t this time
shor in.7 u,,, in u:iuswlly 1:7 r-e or, the o ?enir. u:t sl

Connecticut M. Za,,)-,.,e 1): i,,Iost of Vne E -'hi s have hatclneJ, and are all
clustered on fruit ':-n(7.s an,'_ a fF7 on T--ie E species are mostl y
n( ji 7 u t a f e- s,,-)-b i a r e -.i ix e -1 i n. 7h e ) -ur_ !, nce is -)erhaps little
more tl L-n aver Tne season is ver r early. (, pril l'): .7 ]ni ls irunct ,ta anra syr--)hi-I &7, s
are sc-tterin-7 to le,--If ')u,-_1's. b 1,
are hatching_ an(7 __re quite plentiful in -1am'.en -n TTilfor',

1hili7) Gar!-an Severe out rca1c threatens the fruit
.111rowd.ng industrial 4-a this Stat D. 5--,ecics invollrcL are 4 -nhis ro!;1)
an,! Rosy c.-hi,' present in most orch7.r, s
of 11- 7ven countyty.

Illinois 77. F. Flint (,,,,nril 23): Rosy aphi very ccF rce in orchr,,r's in'
-ezt-central anrl co-,,.Ah_-rn minors o-n 22. .nrart, ntly there
rill e little ;nj1 ).r-- tl,ls s-pecies ths -7resent ce,-Ton.
The o, A aphid lthic'- o-7.un lant earlier in the ye ir h,-s no- mi-ratef
so th!CA it is difficultult to fin it.

G. 71u.- les (, )ril 1-'): Tie e-,-r,,, of arc, c7ftrer cly
abundant, xr rticularllr on ,,Dnle; the e- ct species not Yet ")een
'7orke,-1 out. The in 1ic-,Aions are tL-.,t 7t,1hi-7s of Fll 1 i-J'S 17ill e
very a" unda ,A this c-prinp% -,it t'-.-ie ct, ,te of I.-Tritin,4 no insects hakre
been foun,1 in the fielA.






-59

GREEN7 AP31L& iP-HD (&.'liis -nomi DeG.)

New Hamp sh ire F, R. Lowry (April. 24): t Durham tiny stern-mo thers aire
clustered on the bursting ,rnple uh.Infestation is sae,
*tt the aphi2.s are common on a fecw% trees.

issouri L, miamn and1 Mr. 7.'Jade (A.pril 20) :, Green appl1e aphi s and
-nple oat louse are 7-articularly abundant in the central ,-art of the State.

Cre,1on Don C. 41,1ite (:.ioxch 19): Dceedin~rly li,-rht infestation at
MIonroe.

API2-,I-rILFID (Rhopalosinhi= prunifoli-7e Fitch)

'i-vs co n sin S. B. Fraclker (A~pril): Aphias hatchin- al, ut i:_pril 1. They are
very ab-undant at SGays Mills and- TMadison.
.Aissour i L. Haseman (April 9): A 1rop in temperature late in Miarch,,
follo-rirp a period of 17arm w4eatlher, ha s alm.-ost completely Wiped out the young ,grain aphids in southwestern MdisSouri.o

ROS'Y iPPLEJ -.THID (,.nurapohis roseus Faker)

Ore,-on Don C. 146te (Ma-rch 13): Ligtht i-nfemtation at Monroe. 2 ainat ion
of e--s inlici tes only about 10 1)er cent h.7e hatched out to


:3. G'. Thomson (A pril 13): At Corvallis ersof rosy apple ~hi an ~reon a-p le aphidl are all hatched at this date.

CODLIT1 :(om cCrpocapsa 'poronella L.)

Illinois 7, P. Flint (Arril 27): First a .uts of co,211inl- moth emerged
in breedl- cac7es at Carbondale on April 121, accordin.,i to S. CChandler. Puapation had occurred 10 days earlier at Jacksonville and Urbana. _tp-arently the adults trill be out
about the time of the full btloom of t-e a,)rle in central Illinois
this season, --hich rrould mean that l'rounq larvae rmill 'be hatching
in this section a little earlier than usual. The season has
been hot and dry throughout the rnnle Jistricts.

.Ark~a ns as ., J. Ackerman (4pril 19)- ,n interesting item from the
Dentonville section is that Lab out 5 per cent of the codling moth adults have emer.7e& in the insectary by ipril 19, rhich
is fully three -'eeks earlier than Jtirin-, normal seaf-ol.
Growers are just completing the "petal-fall" spray on apnle; this snray application should therefore b-e of value not only
for calyx -or-is b)ut ,,s %cover spr' yv for early hatclhini, larvae.

Missour i L. An e, nd r. 7ad,"e (A.~pril): The collins' moth '1-as pul"-'ting
in central Missouri on "~pril 21.





-59

F-,UITT7E'-T I;Ei-F 70LIZR (C:acoecia ar -yros-)ila

.NLe7 Llexico Paul mt. oilmer Gi7rii 8)-* In San Juan County an out' re"'.,27 of t'ne
ap-r ,le leaf-roller of s6xious is rwortod. _I -.oli ve
the situation serious. enoli-h in the fruit-fTo,7in ,7 sections of
S-_n Juan and Col'L&.x Counties to 7 rr_-,nt a thorou.:7h inve, ti,.,ation.

BUL707d,! TICTI; occl!,2,nr DMassachusetts A. I. -lourne (,,,,)ril 25); The & -iotl-i -ork is T--%!cin,,7 itself
a-_-r-;arent as the alo- le uOi ,.re c -in-in.7 to unfold -Ind "Leve107,
ln, .ic_ lltiois -ooin-t to a _-,out the usu'.1 of this -! Cst.

ame-ricara Fa"n,

Ma s s c1hu s t t s -.. I. 3ourne 25): The an-je tent, cl ,.tern!J.11_ rs continue
to e a'bun4ant in all sect4.ons of the Stl Ac. 1he yown.- crn
hatchin,- hare at .rLerst on :,nril 3, and 9, a7,TOxi:.-,-telY
12 to 14 dL-Ys-earlier than the -',-,*Ve on -hich they to h,,_;Ach
a ye!:,r a,-,o. I find that throu--hout the O-t,-te, as a --hole, AV-hey
are hatchin'-_ much earlier than they di,_1 lact yetr, CY a'bOut
the same number of days as above.

Connecticut 1% P. Zanne (,.,oril 19)! First e,-7,--- riasses hatched Anril 2. The,"
have all hatched no-,, an 7ebs to be noticcalDle. There re
more in the southern half of the St lte th_ -n in the -northern. C.1
-ild cherry an _I annie.

Illinois '7. P, Flint (,,Lpril 23): This insect has been -,7ery atunlant in a
fe- southern Illinois cowities, occurrin;z !rAnly sotth of a line dra,7n throwrh 21an '.clr.h, Perry, "Hnmilton, nl -Thite Counties. The inaects have ar enred earlier than usuz,,l and 90 per cent are no-' in the staze o.,. mature I)arn! -..-e to co-r7erci.r l nrc'.-.frc.s has
'been very sli,---ht, "but r ild cherry, -iV rlum, an l ha-s hLiv e n
co-oletell 'efo li.-:Aecft in many cases. In a f ins'Unces nests h a. e
been note:', in -De-ch orchards.

=--,,7,D -Gra Ozeuzerap nyrina L,)

Pennsylvania T--'. -:,;. Ho,_,kiss (,j.7ril 29): Fcund r. sin,71e leo-)car -mcth larvp. in an
ann.le orchar(_3 near MeOia in Dela-are Ccunty, This 1 as the cn17
VOCC:LIen found during pmirig, r-)erL-ti()ns clne it a -z id,
Ranch so badly that it brok bff'. This is the first c. _Sp (Y-l"V
leonard moth in Delal-fare Count-,w as fpr s -- y records sho-'.

SM (Paleac*ritl Teck)

M is sour i U. H,,: seznan an.1 Mr. 7- e (.-ipril 21): -C-niker-orns .re Atr ctin.;7
attention in soTno nlaces.

T 1_121Z 7 1 S --,:D jTT__UG (Ly,,u n i

A. 1. 3ourne 25): These !-vwe 'been t,-:,.ken in unum-_lly
lar-nre niLm,)ers fron e!--)rly ,n,1 lessonss in the re,-ior
directly Laround x hcrst. 711he incre. ,se in a )un 31-nce is so -rx! :e
that -,e are rla-a-,iin,- to keeD very clo,,:e 7 ,:,.tch_ on this in-sect









dlarin. thp comin,7 months hen f ield -in -areLen cro,,)s be.7in to

Connecticut (-I 7r i 1. i i i t e a num,) e r o f a-"ults present at
.7a: hin, ton .n !, 11A.,".cl- A n',1 11 1,e,-'n_ rl to feed on o_1 le--ven of a,,)rle.

mr l i L 6-1.

!,,Assouri L. tla-emOn (,_ pril 9): 7le expect unusual from this
7?c qt, in scuth-ostcr-n 1!jc.7cvr1. It- is or 'i","ri17 0' leso e in the fa11 "),at it has never 'P)con so atun,C nt in the spring as it is this ar.

(Garera 'bub.Aus F'tb

ln iana J. J. D!:,-v is 23)- 'This ins-ct is -revalent Can(! lestructive
throu, *hoi-,t the 1. b f the stc tc, -.s bv the
ber Of J::qUi ri es na e mirnl es rpcoi rod. t iv ,-jz n clurin.- the
-P-'st printer tl-ia -t,, r a yovin,7 orchrrl -',ic' -as severely
inj'ara-7- )y this insectI

S--' JCS3 -oexniciosus Ccmst.

ourn 25): "'C still co-itinve to rmive co-.' iz ts
of -',,lice of Sfln Jose ccale in here an,'
there throu -:7io+ut the +z-1-' ,tp. This cnn I)e attri' Aite"L lar,7ely to the f"-ct th,.t* many Tro'7 vrs h .,-e e.-ijc-,.W_ more or less irn-unity
from this -Dest for sm "nf.n- ye ,rs thf'.t' the ,rhnre ne -).Cete- to
an" ly the dir-mnt ;slnr ? ys,, In 1,,r re con-erc iLl o-,ch,,-f.-. 'ho-ever,
,7e di -ot fijrj this sc:lr to 'be iFA all notice ")le,

7 Isconc in S. ".3. 'Fr-ic!-.er -:intcr raor,..,-11. ty ay)-:nrent).- 100
ner cpnt at L,7 Croo+se, 'T.-,-.rently eralic ited there 'by sp-ryini7
last ye,%r on :111 .ic--ts cxcent s,7r!j._"o1iae an: -A.nter
12 1+
]Lilli-I.-S seems te- hnive com7,1-etell

cn '! X irril 20 Tho sc,-le ci", tibn in the
nrch .rds Of this s'r! .- 1 jn,'er bett, 7 control
p
-,Or-o'
than for t1-le-jasst sercralyears.' Co-is i'.er: "l e C, t
srravin,- 7aS ,njie for the scale, this ye.-'r.

Ore:--cn Don C. -& cte (: -xch It is Jifficult to finC. rln orchard in
the _,-,illamettc T"lloy.rith a suffici ,nt num.-nr cf infested trees
-F'r)r 5,nn., Jose s-)r,+-:Iy teetti

S= ""Lr (21,iionas-ni-s 3itch)

b Im tl,e nonth (-,f th,, re -ere several
an nf Vne -cnrfv -c,-Ic in -'rle orchErds
in *'le !iorthpastern nirt 0." tile stl-tr'

ida Lec

r Thon!7on G.-)ril 11): cherries, :ina





7

filberts in the ;7illamctte Valley. They are more nirnerouas and over
a 1ar,,-er area,

Don C. Mote (March.: At Corvn-ljis 60 -were collectedI in 20 minutes.
(March 26): Upon shc,,-cin, trE es 'beetles dropped by the hundreds.
Infesting larger block of a-ole a-nO cherry trees in orcha rkl than
they did last year.

URO.'ThN 72D I:73 (Ppratetrinychus pilosus C. & F.)

Massachusetts A. I., bourne (,Lpril 25): Over the State as a -Thole, the E'Uropnean
red mite does :iot seern to be -encrally as abundant as lpst yea-r, as evidenced by the over-interim' v: In certain orchrds in 'ristol
County,however, they are still to b~e f.1ound in very co-nside:'-able abu~aance. The general practice of using7 the oil sIzays in the
dor-,Pant season, lhich rined coiasiclera-ble herdw ay last -ear and is
even more -7idespread no", seems to promise to reduce this thrcatening
pest to a point of only moderate abunda-nce.

Connect icut ]Thil ip Garrma-, (.-1.ril 2-) : In e- y en and W,-irfield Counrities
mites are about the same as'last year.



P&R TEMIFS (Tae:tniotbhri-)s inconsernuens Uzel)

Oregon Don 0. Hote (arc gl rol'er "broum7ht sever-l branches of
'bossoms to the laboratory a-nd re-oortec! about -one-third of his
15-acre orcherd Llfested, Each bllojson -as infested! -ith at lest 3 tbhrips. (A4pril 20): !To furt*.-er develonents, probably because
of the cool, rainy "leather follo'rinr the above report,

P3,R PSYIJLA (Psvlla py)ricola Foerst.)

Massachusetts A, I, Bourne (apri1 25): Found in the college orcna-:rds to be
out in nmbers the first few clays of c-ril, and e -s -in plenty
could be found. This is ajproxinately tro to three 'reeks earlier
than the corresronding- appearance of these insects la-st year, v'he-a
the first eg ,'s -ere to 'be found about a.?ri1 25..

Connecticuxt M. P. za-0ra (anril 17)t adults are cor-on on t,7i -s and are bepizrnnin
to oviposit at Deep River,, Haraden, a .a Milford.

Philip Garman (April. 24): Eggs are numrous in several orthards
in New Haven and Hartford Counties.

BLOSSOM A1T0i!ALA (,iori-ala undiulata Mels.)

Mississippi R. 7. Harned (.k,,ril 10): Anomala undu2.a~a was reported as eating
the young bu&,s from pear trees at night at Columbia on Ma-rch 21.
The beetles sent in w7ere determined by J. U, L~angstonl.

PEACH

G=14N PFaCH APHID (1Vyzus ]2ersicae Suflz,)

California A. 2. Bottel (.,n-ril 1~4): Complaints from. various points in the








weste-rn nart of Riverside county. rnma. "e is severe.

11E ,7H (Aei-eria exitiosa Say)

Ge or ia C. I. Snipp,
(-,7ril 14): from V-i -, use of
I r ichloro,)en7cne in V.
na a a 'he Dcr.-ia noach 1, clt h4ave
bo,-,z-i unif"ornly excelIent. injwr,- h:,,- rccult&- from
V:ia u,7o of aracllienloro' enzenc in one,- t--,o,- a:O Varee-year,)ld ex- ri:ientl o--c'-. -r 'c;. Forr ye,-rs is the ril, age linit for t'-,.e use o-F naraa:ic -,orobe-,7e-e -7ith c!- ty in this latitude. Some fe77 -ro-ers T7ho rv re.u--Eblc to f rr y the V I
--i ic t ions.
mr'ltorial la! t 11 11 iz 7. snrin,.

(Scolyti-is ru,-UlO, 77US t Z.

R. The, frnit tree bar'cbeetle a-ie_ other
bar!,,*1)eetjE,,s, -,re Pn-7;:rcntl,,,- c-.usi-x-, more !arna7e ;n t'-e State,
-is than f
lor s, vercl -roJal-1.- dvin,7 in -c.rt t I W-s t
t,
to the unnrsce, '11 .,nte c1roufl, of lLst of 111 kin,,. s
throu-72-10-at the SVIte seriously i-ajurs'
his 1routh.

aUA CMM-I.IQ ( "onotra&.elus nenw-har 7---t.)

C or 7 ia Cliver I. Snn-)--, (,,:-Iril 14): c- -ccount
a 7. --e curcAio
norulltion i-n t'n a LZ s E, rapult off a Trart
orchnr('
O^C V.1e 19; 4 n."'. C!, 17
cro- le- 't in t11S ore".c r'-s -.-'1_-.en the condition of tl7ie 1,1-r7:cts iujc-_.tisfactory, n1-7. on .ccou-it of t'-e 10k, -'U-- -q !L -inter
tal itY 0 7 th-c ts in hi-bern".4v Aoz t.,e mild
t-e in: ,ect-tion in mir,-dle Geor 7ip e, ch orcards is 1-e -wv at the
-')resent ti nc, This is indicated by the "stun!711 n e c1i e s
an'" the ol Its t,
U re 'neixtv- c-.tvrht by jarring"..
In one orch-,,r,* O'-Or 1 )OCC beetles -ere cau,-7-it 'fro--1 sun-un to
tn. Cne ::,ro-er,.rc-orts a c-Ach Of 500 curcillio-i in, one nornin, ---it,- o--e Tet of :fr :-res. Trie nixnlx r of ,aults t t
-intor is ,re ter than 'it h, c '0e_,:_ ..cA rs.
n f ,i, ye.,eS. 0-7 1-7i--Iter nIViV-.
(ff a,_Ult CUrCjjliCS in VZriouS T!:,.e re-.-ce .it1:__ib 0-!
o 11:1 i t io a S 'foi_.:;errnu La a C, 7
ine nee lles
Cal :3 re --r oun,'
I or
-ure :,u o.,:' 'Ito,1010,777" 70. 11 I. Snap-, o-f "'.e To-t T-11ey l:.bo-,-,tcr-,,, in c 0 0-0 cr t i on i th 7. 0 oad anft Jo'.-.nson, of t1l ,
boll :v c be en 1-ivin,,r ot-7-. -ation to k*hc
nerfectio-I o-." t7--jc tec%),inue fnr usin- L. du,7ting T) e:-z c
tree s, a.t 7, 03 t V11,11 1 e*.,kr.' V- or'.-. -r involveC. tl_- c aclimtr-ent
of the feedi-m- mce.i,-nism o-f tl-ie f.-,o th theIr -0-,11d: even1v
'I- i c t r ibut e V i,- h et-vy Ju t use<1 .'On cl% r c,7'ort s
th'A thc firfit air-)l,-.n,; e,*'
ustin.! of a co-- -_r-i-l -: :-6.h orch.-Irc!
for Vic co-,.trol of -cpt boo'lc !,C_ -t
rc1h in ovic Iour fiftV-fir, -linutes, 10,000
-i c' r, r, r,-, .'u c. t, i V- a n i:- ti jr _- o 'L r Ac o f 1 cri 'i n, rec-rd(-d'tiy-,e lncl,. 1-,A thz:,t snant in







trips to the landini'r fi-A! to rt-fall the hopper, etc. t thousand
acres of reach tr0CS 7i.11 be tre,:Ac ," during the sea -on by
in Geor zia under the SW Crvisijn of the Fort Valley 11-1boratory of the Dureau, in or.'er to obtain on the resul-ts, cost of
operation. etc.

Illinois 17. P. Flint (April_,23): S. C. Chandler Aobk.first.,- ults of the
p711M cw.cu1ia"on -eJt-ch trees in j,-c',7son Co-Inty (-n _',,rril 20. Vtn7
trees1aA been jnrred at t- o- or thrcc- !,'-Ly for some ti.-le
previ,:Nusly 11 'i
Peaches, an,-)les, ch-,rrico in cru,-.'rds in J'cl scn an l Uni,)n Counties slhorTed e,'.-! of'this innec-'4-. In Tr.c'-Icrate nur Crs on
Ap -il 22. Very small n='cer of (-,un.- present at this t-.

011 N T Z FRU i T rOT- a

[X R L Monthly Letter, -nir e a u of 74nt orliol 01-y N. _.,rcln): The activity
c:f ', he 6-r36ent-al P._ ac-i moth has been resu7;e-l in th2 sr1ut).n. The
first svrl.n' rpupation took nlace on February 25 qna t1he firct
adult emer zed on .'!,-.rch 0,

Geor,,7ia V I. Sna7xo and assistants Gi-Pril Crient3l pecch moth lar-7ae
are now bein 7 found in t-,ri,-s in commercial pe, ch orchard 'C_ A firstge-aeration adult *7as also captured -nday in a co=erci ,,l orchard.
V' 'r'st-,, Qnerat ion adults haie been in the insec-tary since
mar cl g.
SZT JOSE SC.Z", (! f2 idiots pernicjo, us Comst.) ..uous mild -7eather,
Geor,-ia C. to Shapp G pril 14): '::e'ause of the Cont-'n
San Jose scale mortality from climatic ccna'it-lons -as very IC)7 in Geor.: ia- aurin.7 the p, st -ii-i-iter. A$'-. Y.'Ort V,-111-ey t-le
t em featuree for the -inter -as 21.0 Sprin 7eathev co-:iAi-'-j.0ns
h'rTe been excellent for rcale reproduction the Tnaximwi Item- _M Recent nbservl-.tioir: reveal a rapid t3n.many days arowid 95'.
'l-rease in the ii-if station in many orch, -- rdr,. lie si-11 f e 17
of )-abricating-oil emulsion durin,7 the winter have -ocen lgener-lly ho-7ever, experiments shorrin,7 that -in this lati.l;ude one amajication of a 3 per cent evasion, or t-o rripplic ,A ions cf a 2
P '- cent emulsion, are requireO for satisfactory control' of a heavy
4-ifestation on peach trees,',

PLTM

17ZY FLU11 -OHID -(TTV,.,lopterus arundin-is Falb.

California T. D. Urbahns (, pril 20); This aphid is developing very rapidly
and threatens t.o. cztuse considerable damage., The prune orchares- of
San Joaquin and Sacramento are'pr bably most heavily infested,
Th'-le many reports also are received from oth&r adjoining count ies.
SyrT-,hid flies are abundant,

RUSTY PLUIM -MD (Kyster;6teura setatiae Thos.)

R. W. Earned (.,kipril 10) The rusty''brdrn ph & haz been reported 4s ccrnz-r4n- in lar,7e numbers on plum trees in different 'parts nf
thp Stat_-,,. (.4pril 21). The southern plum wohid, or rusty plw.1
aph-'_d, is, as usual, abundant at the.
present t ,me. Specimens and complaints have Ileen received from,








Copiah, Carroll, Jefferison, Laud~rclle, Stone, and Sunflov7er
Countries.



G2.-1 FLEA-: 7TL (FH-dtica dhalybea fIl)

Connecticut TA. P. Zappe (April 17): 7etls are rriitinz and are mostly on
main tr-,7.ks of vines at baee of side bra-c I es. 77eetles are eat in:hc~lcs into buds at Hamden. This is the first outbreak since
1ol.

MississipiiA K. L. Cockerham (April 1Z): The first Of these beetles found
feeding- heavily v'n -rope and vcuj ernon"- vines at -jiloxi;, some
larvae practically g'ro'1n anld the leaves son rather severe
dam~age. Axc-ena~ke of lead3 anlied at a ccritrol m~easure. The
reporter did not gee the insect doing any dame in this locality
du r in,-, th e pa s t f e7 ye ar s.

R. WJ. Harned. (Alr Ai 21): W. L. Cray, Inspector, rrith headquarters
at Natchez, reports on April 17 that f1[he-a-J.>eetle -larvae are
causinv7 clamIa-e to grapes in nics 0c.1--ny. ,ne ~cimens he sent
havo been identifiezt by J. 11. 3,an.7si~ as p2*oba1biy i-_T3!2ir
cKL''-. Y ~ pr 2) Under date' of ~'Q.21) n&:o: C.
iPrice a~ ~.'il sent n--pe leaves rc)llected -frnm fc;ur
d iff-Ier.,er n~~e bs t i a t w vI rs q ui.t e s e '; 11 '71v in ur ed b y t he
larvae Of 7hZ: ~e take to 'be the .--rrpe fiea-.icetle. T~ese
insects ate attack inv boh the muscadine and bunch gr~ipes. They
have appeared in that section of the SEtat e in larg-e enough nufabers
to do considerable dama,7e.

Arizona Arizona ',Je7s Letter, Vol, 3v ITO 3 (Mfarch 31),-: During the early
.part of the past 0,ro-ing r'ea~on meny gr-ape plantin.-'s in the Sat River Valley riere rnc':c or~less severely in-J,&_ 'ty the grape-vine
flea-beetle. In the Salt River Valley -the bectles make their
apearance 7~hen the vines have mohd- a 7-rc-'Tth of from 1 to 3
feet. The beetles a-rr. ar in great numbers and a t once st rt
feeding on th e buds and tender gro-lth. The leaves are strii8,
leaviinkg only the okeletcn attllabhed to thc vine. The most serious
damage is done to the ,roving buds and termninal shoots. This
damage, ho'mever, is likely to escape the notice of the groi~er,, Who sees only the mr~e noticeable injury to the lar,7er leaves.

C'LT;ORB2S (lToctuidae)

Mi sL. Haseman (April 9): At Neosho severe damage is reported in
several vineyards.

M.RLPZ.-ZE (,,~pidintus uvae Crst.)

Vir,-inia W,. M. Davidson (april 2): This scale hos occasioned considerable
danaie in the vineyard at the Insecticide. and Funcicide Tor'
labor;a tory at Vienna. 7While the scale has been prcstcnt *ormany









years in the vineyard it ap~pea-rs to be on the increase at this
time, A noticeable 'parasitism is present.

-A ;,7EEVIL (Ga-rntoscelis souamulata Cr.) Cal if orn ia A. E. Dottel (A-nril 14).- Determnined by Dr. E. C.~ Van Dyke as a dhrysornelid, micei w lata, Attackin.- g-rapes
in the Coachella Valley, Riverside County.

C TR'-I, TT

CTJZZ hQT IID (Myz7us ribis L.) Connecticut Yi, E. :3ritton ("-oril 24): Alrepady forruin,7 171is ters on nrartly
growvn leaves at NeT7 Elt*tft.

CUURT.iY 0 (S'Jr12nthedon ti-ulifor-is L.)

Jvymlfifg C. P. Corkins (, ril 24*). specimens of a currant borer probablyy th.
imp~orted) have been rec'iv.ed from the county a,,ent at ,~fton, The
amfount of d2-.na,-e is unknor'n, GCC0S "E 22 3Y



Oreg~on Don C. 11ote (Mairch 20): First adult found on gooseberry cane at
Sal em.,
GOOSM, B:IRY 'IIDGE (Da-syner-ura 7"ros sular iae Fitch) Ore,7on Don C. -1ote- (March P0): 7,irst-,-enetat ion aclults almost iisaF-veared
at Salem, Observed ~4 a -ults in"3 hours.



PEC, CCSSID (C,)ssul ria.-nifica Stkr..) Yorth Carolina F. Sherman (Mlarc1h 31): The striking borer. is of re,,rular occurrence
in oakc anL, -recc.-n, but istnot often reported; t7-o r e-norts thus far
this year,



Y~L0-KTTh~ 1~'' Om (Pernnea minuta Rob.) Massabhusetts L 1., 3ourne (Aopril 25): Mr-, Lacroix, from th--e Cranberry
Sbstaition, re7Dorts observing over-intering adults of t'ho yello-headed firelorm fl ying in abundance on bogs in Ply~nouth County on prl15, and lotes e-g lavinq in -full s7!ing. This, he rttctes, is fully tro -7Teeks ahead of the usual procedure.








CI 7P&Uf1 ,--D 713T.7IC.,L 7?UITS

T.-n1E-L'_P7D FG2M_~ Uycsl tril inea'tlis L.)
Mississippi R. W. H.rned ( prjl 10): hs~nets~n to 'be 'adually on the
increase in the State, and it hac no7 'been recorded frcrn the
t -ree coast counties. In tht? s-,rin7 of 1923 adults of this
species -ere rear~d.fro-,. fi,, V-i. -s collec Gcd at Ocean Springs on October 9, 1922. In 1'arch, 1925, T2-jy T -oTm on, cf th e U.
S. DLhroau of Znto~nolo,-y foun. the larvae of --b~t is siuposed to be this species causin,- considerable da -a,7e to -fi,7 tree.,- at Bay
St. Louis, and 'Mr. Kimble Harn~an, of the bureau of Plant Industry)
found the same insects at T-orkc on fig; trees in Gu"1fport.

R01TE- 3 3ZTL32 (Staphylini'dae)

,Ar izrna A.rizcna :_e -s Letter, Vol- 3 1TO. 3, ('11,arch 31): species of rovebeetle --as observed to be very nrrnerus 'in citrus '11ocsoms on YOUng- trees near Scottsdale. >tIany of the f).o-rs Presented a black- anpe-rance in t~c 'center, because of the ,rec-t abundance
01f these lnflcts.

GRAtY CIT-RUS SC_,LZ (Coccus citrico6la C:_xrn~x

Cal if orn ia 7. R. Bra=i (ApOril 13): Injury in Tuilare Counity from ?ebrrry
1 to flecember 1; $295,000 spent annually in control nesures,


C I7
Cal if ornia T. D.~ 'Urbahns (M1,:rch 31): Citrus trees &lon::- streets and in -;)rks
in Sacramento -ere inspected in company -ith R. .iorlwm for 'hitefly. iiibernp.ting tag- indicate that it -ill be at least
t~o eeks before adults anoi-.ar.

OLIVER 7.7JIT-FLY (Dacus oleae. Rossi)

Falestine California weekly :e -7 Letter, Vol, 7, ITO- (r 13) The
0 ive fruit-fly is a corn n est in all parts of Palest-.ne and., together -ith the trec-boring- caterrillars of the lecpard 'rcth,
it is the Primary rea,7on -for t1'e poor oil crops of" th.e olive
industry there, according to a circular issued in Janiuary by the
Institute of A.:riculturme ard naturall History of Palestine.
This circular states that the olive fruit-fly in Palestine
Proluces six generations annually in the coastal-plain region and
f:'ve Penerations in the mountains. The& greatest inlfestation takes
PU,*ce in the co-)astal plain are-as and the luscious varieties
containing the lar.,est amount of oil suffer most. Despite somte
07' )Cssions in scientific literature that indigenous olive tre'cs ill i i.'estine -ad 1-IY'rt "'ill not be Ottacked by Dacus olathis
pest. ILs b een found on Pight of the Pit ven olive varieties indizencus
1n Piedine. T1-& reason that tlr remaining three varieties 11av e
tc 1 i7'7- dcred up to date free of flncxls oler is probably &-ing
onyto 1ack of thorc,j),h serirch.






-67


The damage may b-- -stknatcd at 10 to 40 per cent in the Icocer
and 40 to 90 Joer cc nt in tht; -nor fro-jutnt I ly attacked olivo
varieties.
The biological method of. control 1-:Iocs ri-otscpt tc be rcry
promising. Parc.sites are- LlY ,,t their height in .,,u,1-uCt
and then decrease r:voidly, t,-- Olive fruit--.,L",Iy
from SepteiiiIjer o-n- ard t-o or furt,-, ;r pener,.tionc.
is recommended, four such bein necessary in the
coastal-p ,,lain region d-urin;- tl--e sum-er nontInG.

T R U C K C R C P 1 7 S E C T S

G]7- R-Z F =-S

=-702'IS (--' ctuidae
Al abam Cut-orns, species un letcrnined, but
I\T, F. Hv;ard (1,1,arch 27):
probably Peridromial reportea ac severAly injurinn.- tcmatn -pl,--I rfts
t1aortly cfter in the -fie".d.
MissisFipri 1A. :% :117h (M arclh 2S).- tis rosilon. Felti,-i s*
X cut,7orms'apTo LO.
ana Feridroma srcucia rere 'd rD th T7tunlant in soiitherri
11issis,,Zirp-, i last mo-I-1th injuring truck,

R* W. H,-,:: rned Coril 10): Cut,,-orns 'have been reported as causinlcm-as ider able dama qe in the south-estern -0-Tt of Vlissiscirri
rduring the -ast -no-.qth. Most of these cc,7,:.)l,--%int h e c ri, fr
Hinds) Coniah, and Lincol-i Cmatles, but so-ia h c c Ir
other counties. The tomato cron h- s been re-ocrtcd --s seriously injured by these insects. Sever,-tj dozen cut-,,orms rec -,ived from
Ins-pector H. H1. -,7edg-orth of the St -te Pl,: nt --,cFrO at
have been tentatively V-entified by I r. H. 'J. ; llen as, Felti,"
ducens

Arizona A rtzona. Letter, Vol. 3 70, (11rrch 1).* Cut-orms "?7er-e
observed doin,7 dama-e to earl-v tomato -ulants near the Phoenix
Ind ian: School. a report of" cut-orm, injury -7as also received
from the of fice o-I' t.--e country a.,,ricalturL1 of 1:,ricopa
County,
AUSTRALI-iI- TUIaTO (Desiantha noci7a Lea)

Mississippi M. 11,11. Hi ,h (-.-%larch 29): The ustralian torr. )to,,7eelril is radually
working its 7ay inland from the coast counties in this State,
having been found recently in abundance at Picayune, Fop),arvill-el
and Hattiesburg. "Je have not as yet been able to find Chis Teevil in the trucking section about Crystal Sprin 7s but it
appears likely that. it 7ill re4ch this section durin 7 this season.

Louisiana M. H. High (4-pril 2): The Australian tomato ,7eeviL durin-- the
past, -eek has bem f ouxxd at the f ollorinr', points in Louisiana Slidell, Covington, Bo.-,a1usa,,,,0nvi,1, Bush, and intermediate









points, It -as also found abundant on the Mississippi side of
Pearl. River onp:-osite 78o,- luca, La, south to TNicholson, i.
In 1M'ssissippi it has Iceen found' 6 miles ncr-',h of Hatt ieshiru:g
or FO miles from the, Ccact nD.;,t*h. Very yo-Jarg lar-vae vrere found about Hattiesburg. indicatin., that er-ence in this r -ion 'ill
be scvera&. -eeks behind that on the coa-st.
J~~ST~~~U ;J -2S0~T _7LT~ 7L (Dattica oror Lec.)

C re,-,on bon C. Mote (March 20): Reported from CorvAllis cn this date,,
observed scatterinp-ly on !7illo0,715 and other veg-etation.

PINTED LADY 3UTTRFLY (1v7iiessa cardui L.)

Ill inc is ~ P,. Flint (April 23): Seen-ion April 10; t'-c adults of this
s,:pecies observed durii-Z the percent season to date,

SMCO I 1'EAGSGThr (Her.ryia cilicrt:.ra Rond.)

South Carol ina philip Luzinbill (, pril 15): Repnrted attacking garden beans
at Columbia, damage being slight,.
:,,is sissippi R. '7. Hamaed (,prii It6): _I. '9. 'Jedgr'orth, Insnector at Raymond,
Miss,, on ,,pril 9 7irote as f'o'lo-s: 'IThis ertetukr
of the Crystal Sprin,-s section arc losirng, a sriMi nercent-1 of
the Eji,-ish pea crop from a stenn-rot (somne f'ieLds are losing
he-;vily, up to go or 90 'per cent).' This ste:n-rot is caused by a
fun,-Li, Pythium bu nea ing thd rc't3 ef these areas and
more especially th-e old pen *s that -ere planted, I have found
that it is mined by small magg,7ots, 3'eans are also affected the
samne Mly. The truckers bel jove the stern-rotl is the cause of the
troubLe, and.,not kno-ing That, this meg_,Fct is doing,7, or ho7 it got i
the pe'at I am at a loss for an eilnin Ihav-e been ixnble to
find the maggots in any quantity, but am ,,o ing to send you a fer.
of the peas or 'bean!- for examination, The mag,-ot is called the
fertili-'er -7orml Th"y .he truckers.1 'The' lara htaconn
this re-port from 11r. '7edo"'orth -"eie tentatively identified by
J. M. Langstnn as the seed-corn r~ggot-, Phorbia ~i&sZett.
There seems to be a slight question of doubt as to T-he"'i-r the
fungus is the entire cause of the injury to the -pea plants. There
is a bare 'Possibility that part of this injury -nay be due to the


Lou is iaina Chas. E. Smith (April1 30) i This fly larva attack s the seed
soon after sprouts are- sent out and the attack continues until the
plaints are a -'eek old or more. The first infestation -Tas noted near Sharp Station, about 7 miles east of Baton Rouge, Ma71rch 30.
19J25, by the v'riter- Mr. Normal Allen found the same lrxvPa,
aP7,arently, doi#pg severe injury to cantaltupes at Kenner, April
3. Since that time several bthet c b ervatiols have te ., r-de
in the- vicinity nf 3aton Rougp, and' one rapcrt "as roccivcd from
Zac' ar:,' --here the grTno"r reported that three plantings h: Ll failed
to -ro'-ae a stand, and that ke found a zrag.1ot '-orking in the
sPriuted serd and young i'1.ants.







Calif ornia R. R. McLean (April i5): Seed-corn-ruaggmts (P-horbia fnsi2cpp Zett.)
unusually active this s-prirW i.n San Die r County, also destroying
bean, corn, melon, and cucumber se, other mag.-ots have destroyed
a number of acres of tomatoes, tun-neling up the stems of -plants several inches high, The excessive amount of injury is probably
due to a succession of dry -"inters, large numbers of over~rintering
forms in the soil being able to survive.

CZ 3AGEJ TAGGOT (117le ~ia brassicae Bouche)

Calif or nia R. R. McLean (Anqril 15): Uag~cotie found in cauliflow1er heads
badly irfested in San Diego County7. Some 100 acres infested.
Species nnt yet determined but probably the v'estern radish mwz-7ot or some related spoecies, such as the cabbage mer .Ot, Phorbia aA 11-i Stein and P. brassicae Bouche. .A4ttacks
possibly induced by successive plailntin,2s of crauliflo-'7ers and the
uase of fish meal as a fertilizer, this seemin,,, to attract adult
flies.

M0IJL3 C'RICXZ:T (ylotalr~ borealis IBurrn.)

flauth Carolina Philip Luginbill (,,prl 16)-. itr. T. 3. Mlhu -rote as follows:
1t7e have an insect th2 t runs under the dirt and darales the little
plants. Some -oeople call them the Z n1-lish --round -nole- They are about one inch loner and run about on-zi-Aalf inch u.ider thie the dirt and mqae a little trail lik*.e a g-round -iole.rt This is
evidently the mole cricket.



GRITL-. TJTJ0 (7~eltia aa_-nex-a Treit.)

Mississippi R. W~. iHarned (prl10): Ins-pector H. roladney of Ocean S-prin~cs
sent in 29 cut-orms that :'ere collected around Irish potatoes
on March 21. The-se c-pecirnens have been determined by T.r. IH.
W. Allen as the 4ranulate cutrorm. .Mr. aladney t'rote: "As~
many as 12 cut,-orms -",ere found around some of the potatoes- The
Plants are about ]4 inches high."

SOtJTHEPIT "R- 7-, PL,. TT-3U7, (Yzara viridula L,,)

Florida F. S_ Chamberlin (a _pril 1): Potato frliase is bein1:7 slightly
aamoged by this ]pst in Gadsden County.

3*_O,_;T STLTK-BU. (- ,schistus qervus Say)

F1 orId a F. S. Chambers in (April 9): In Gadsden County the 71ot,--to foliage
is being sli-7htly damaged by this bug.

POT.iTO 37:TTL-, (Lentirotare-a decre-a ineata Say)

North Carmlina ',. A. Thomas (Arril 3): This insect has shc,'r, up in 'inulsual n~~nbers. imayfthpotato fields -t Chadl-turn And Is rTi2. depositing e7




-70
Florida F. S. Chamberlin (April 10): The first beetles of bbe season were
observed in a potato field today in Gadsden County. Dust
applications for the control of this pest.will commence next
week.

W. White (April. 28): Specimens of the Colorado potato beetIe
were sent to. 'the office by B. L. Boyden with the information that Mr. Barney Tv lor of Baker County brought the specimens
into the laboratory at Macclenny, Fla., stating that they w re
doing considerable damage to his Irish potatoes. Mr. Boyden
says: "This. is. the first complaint I have heard in Baker County
during our seven years there of damage. done by the potato beetle.
These also arethe first specimenrm I have seen in Florida."

Mississippi M. M. High (March 2): The Colorado.potato beetle has appeared
in small numbers on potatoes about Ear St. Louis and Poplarville.

SEET POMATO

TORTOISE BEETLES (Cassidinae)
Mississippi J. M. Langston (april 23): Four ;species of tortoise beetles;.
Chely morpha cassidea Fab., Chirida guttata Oliv., Metriona
bivittata Say, and M bicolor Fab., have appeared on recentlyset sweet-potato plants on the college farm, iEgs are being
deposited by all the-species. So far the injury is slight and
will probably not become serious..

R. W. Earned (April 21): The argus tortoise beetle was found
feeding on sweet potato plants at Laurel on April l1 by
Inspector N. D. Peets.

CAB3aGE

APHIDIDAE
Mississippi R. W. Harned (April 22): Inspector R. B. Deen on April 21,
1925, reports that plant-lice are appearing in large numbers
on cabbage, plum, and other plants in Lee and Pontotoc Counties.

VARIEGATED CUT,,TCRM (Peridroma mar.aritosa Haw.)
alabama N. F. Howard (March 27): This cutworm is doing severe damage to
early cabbage plants on one farm. No counts were made, but it
is estimated that 75 per cent of the plants were destroyed. One
specimen of another species of cutworm was taken.

HARLEQUIN CABB3AGE BUG (Mureantia histrionica Hahn)

Alabama N. F. Howard (March 24 ): Abundant on one small field of early
cabbage and doing considerable injury, probably 15 per cent of
the crop being seriously set back.




I




-71

'ississippi M. M. Hipgh (March 23) : The harl equin cabbage e bug was found injuring cruciferous crops in southern and central Misissipri.

R. W7. Harned (Aipril 10): On March 26 a correspondent at Auter, Sharkey County, sent i~n a nnzber -of adults of the harlequin cabbage bug, as -~ell as a number of et4p m~asses. These insects 1were reported as already very abundant this year on cabbar-e, "turnips, collards, potatoes, and everything elsd groping in the garden." on the same date another correspondent ait Fruitland Park, Forest County, rrote: "These bu.7s are etting quite thick on cabbage plants and gro -ring cabbage."1 (A pril 22): Inspector Rl. 3. Deen reports the harlequin cabbage bu!7 in gardens at Ttipelo and Guntorrn in Lee County on A~pril 21.

VA35aE WMYJcR4 (Hellula und,-l is Fab.~)

~isisipiM. M. High (11arch 23): The cabbap-c webworn has been present in some numbers all -iinter in southern MississiwAp, and the moths are now emerging at a rapid rate in the in, ectary. In thics State this is one of the most serious pcsts that crucifercus crops have, for it is present during most of thie gro,7ing season.

IK'FORTED Ca3AG7ti7CRA (rntia rra L.)

Torth Carolina F. Sherman (M~arch 31): Adults vere seen in flipht at Rlaleigh in late Febru~ary and at any time since then rhen the t-eather inas worm.

Idiana H.~ F. Dietz (April 23): Large numbers of this butterfly 71ere
an the wing at Indianapolis April 12. Clusters of six and ei~ht together were frequent. Apple (variety 7lealthy) and Cyona Japonica, -,ere just beginning to bloom.

ilinois W. P. Flint (April 23): More numerous than usual in central
Ill inois.

abama3 N. F. Howard (11-arch 27): One gror~er reports havin,- ob. Carved
adults during the last wreek,

AiSSissippi R. W. Harned (,iPril 22)- Inspnector R. B. Dee~n at Tupelo, ux~lor
date of Anril 21, reports that he har, found e_;,bLbge ,rormr, doin!!!
deage at several place in the vicinity o'~ 'urelo. Undecr do-)te
of April 17 Inspector George E_ Riley at Cori-nth reports that
no cabbage '-orns ha-ve been noticed, but tha t t1>- adult butterflies are very nm'nerous and can be seen in eve-ry garden. Hie
has observe,'. them for the last three weeks in t*h. fcur count ies in his territory, Tishfoiningo, Alcorn, Prenti:-!-, ,_,nd Tippah.

ego H, A. ScuJllen (April 5): A.t Corvallis on this d,-te- adult-, -cere
nb served.
STTRIAT M2~RY

ST7,ih,7 Y L'S,? -R OTL:R (An c l is orwo ta na Fro0ehi.)

IiEszissinpi R. 7. Harned (,rI CI) Larvae identified ac, thi!;xe
by ir, r. f agso rn received from ?'tye ttc, birr., rhere




.. ......... ... ..... ..... .



-72
it *as re-rorttA r-,s causim- come damage to strawberry n1c.nts on
-Mar ch 23.

,7ycm in ,, C. L. Corkias 24): 11oths of fnis insect re-porter 'by county
a.-ent Shc;taley a s lo e in:7- e- C e c d i r4 1,7 A u.Oan t o n st r a7b e r r y b ed s at n-e species is 77rdba.'bly .nc-li; cor-mtana

ST_-I T'3*_7 7771Y CP CF,11T-3 7 --1-'11 (T rloderma fraTaria-a Riley)

L. Ha-lemn (,,prij -Thp ,Iults have- e-n,_-v cd and a re feedizig
to some extent in the south-estern Tert o f this St!?Ae. Cvi-positiOn has lso started. r.dictio_,s nre th-3t the TT-- st -ill cause considerable du: to del-avod of ne- beOc.

"c"'T'HI (Synant iedom rutilais 1 .31-.)

Ore' 701 :13. Of. Thom,zon 0:1-rc,11 2_'*16): In t'hc "Ti1lamette 7,711ey this illsect
is. attackin,7 stra-b 2rr- r1f--t,z, b .,vLn ,L. --inter, and
pm"-oects tze fa7,ror,,"ble -for a hee7mr, infc-station.

ST -R, -A, -i HD (,; phis ",- -besi7eed.)

Ort- 3-rO1irP- F. Slhorman (*,A:,r&- 71 n t e J f- on va th'c t cr n s e t i 0 -n 0
the Ftate,
(j.:hyllo7 ha 7a

-'Orth C-rolina F. Sher!ran Comrlaiiiec of in tr _---berry bedc in -ress
lan.f.7 --,nd in tox4cco see ,'.-rl-nt bcas,

ST- .73=Y WZ -IIL (.,Lit'onn-_us sL-nF-tus S_ ly)

,ort-1. 0-rolima F. Sherman -,l) : .,e hl -.,te a re-port of il, ju7y fr om our
com-ercial. strw7beIrrzv section i-.i +1 _e -outhe;- stern +-,,rt of" the St .te.

"isFouri Ha!7enan 6: *7ade Dril 20): M-:) stra-berrY is reported
destructive alonf; the Eiqc, mwi Fd ,rar1ANS

Tj T &UT 3'= (_, nilaclmrn corrunta
7ort'. -,-rolina 'T. Sljerma -j sone nrccze zscn inquiries
'rl): Te e.rc receiving
rat,,ardimt thls -e,, in t"-.e -ci7tern i rt of t1-0 Stte '-7h i to -e--icus 1in.afc lact or in t'.10 "ears
be-'orc.

1% F. To- ard (m+.-c1-_ 26): 7-nilachna cnr-ir-)V 'haT :-iot ret teen t3-ken in the fielft. T"'icre has -.ot becn 7,uch vpriety in hib ,rn i.tion c,-t,-cs. Very fe,: 11. ve bezin coll ?cted in tho --oo z in
hi!) -.,.-iation in thi,:! Ji trict-. It is belie rcd t'.S ,t tl"ic sirvivc1.
TI,_, b, -tles did. 7-ot z,,-7=,-e 1,*,,7t year until the e :k in ,Txr il I no t' oi:-,)t -2:- rI +-o -ce -,cs aa-_,lier







-73
Miissipoi R. W. Earned (April 21): Inspector Geor,-e 3, Riley tepirts thiat on Febr.,ary 7 he found a Mexican beo-n beetle cra-7iing- on thc gru--i a garden at Corinthl1.7is-.. This is the o ly report so tar received in regard to this insect in Missis!;ini during
1925,

M-0N LF-v._ETLT (Ceroto-na trifureataFoerst.)

Missis'Sippi K.L. Cockerham (April 1~4): First a dults noted at B3iloxi and collected
on above date; bean foliag-e sho-,in,- fecdling marks. Females -crte
noted T,7ith distended abdomens, irndicating that el-- depsition
rould start early,

J. M. Langstnn (April 15): ~.number of beetles 7ere observed on
bean foliage during the middle )f thie day. They usually (feed,
mornings and evenings.

R& W. Earned (. pril 22): The bean leof-beetle se~ms to be,
abundant in many sections of the State at the present tirme. Tnis
insect is al-ays a rather serious -:)-st to *lypans -in Iizsissini
early in the snrinpg. This year they seen to bp more abundant
than usual.
PEA S

PEA i-PH{ID (!ilia -isi Kalt.)

11-orida P, S. Chamberlin (.,-ril 20).- .t euiicy, g-irden ,,pas -ere heavily
infested r'ith the aphis.
Louisziana C, E. Smith (April 20): Several severe infestations have been
noted in the vicinity -,f,--ton Roug7e1 during,_ the opring-.

Calif orn ia Roy E, Carqpbell. ( Pril 12): heavy fight of aphids -as observed
,ebcut noon at Lick observatory on Mount 111oilton, at an elevation
f 4,200 feet.) it was sunny and t'arm, 'but there vas no rmind. The
onuurce of the aphids ras not lmn7rn, but probably T-as some
lefgxminous plants in the mountains. Heavily infested pea fields
were 25 miles a,7xy near San Jose, but in these the aphids r~ere
preponderantly 7ingles (April 19): At. San Jose, since Januiary 1, the daily-mean temperature has a:_vcrag--ed about 2qabove norm, 1,
thich favored a gradual increase in the aphid infestation. Damagebecame evident about the first of -pril, and gradually increased*
,iarm weather in the middle of April caused an early ripening
,-of the crop, or the damage 7-ould have bcon much greater., It is possible t1-~t there -till be a 25 -pet cent loss, possibly more.

CUCUM2E _. S

NML0N JE{ID (Aphis .7ossjrpii 0.1ev.)

Flj.o rid a F. S., Chamberli~n (April 3): Young7 cucumber plants under cloth
shade are beoomi- infested '-ith the melon aphis. Self-mixed
nect~nedusts are bein-T a-pplied 'with -!7ood results in 0-adsedon
CoUar~ty ITo damage to the plants has resulted as yet.









POTATO L BTL2 (Brilti cucumer is Harr.)

'"ississipni IL M. Hizh (March 29): The cucumber 'flea-beetle -as found doinhL; dam D,-e to young ejzgplant and cucumbers about Long Beach and !2ay
St. Louis.

STRIFED CTJCMMER 3:ZTL2 (iDiabrotica vittata Fab.)

sissip-:i iz 's Harried (,prii 21): L. Gray, ins-oxctor rtith headquarters
at IN,"tchez, reports tbiat lima beans, cucwn.-!ers, oquiash, and
~"ctemelnsare being seriously injuredin a.dams Cecu-ty by the strined cucumber beetle. 717ith the specimens of 'cetles and
larvae that. he collected on these plants,, he sent the follcring
mercrand.,;n' "'The adult eats the stem niear the ground~, The larva eats eor bnres in the roots. The t--?elvc-spottcd beetles -'ere also
Toresent. f

Louisiana Chas. 173 Smith (. 7rch '0): Infestation -a on the place of R. L.
F~-2. r,7 miles eezot of t!)-, cn the Greenville Springs Road. The
crolps attacked r"ere -,ro-Ting adjacent tc ground on 'Thich -,at&rmelons and cantaloupes -ere -,ro-,n in the fall of 1924. T1his ra' the first infestation noted this s-pring, and it is earlier than
V-SUa1 for the species to occur.

t~ija37.GTICA. P.

Misvissippi 11. 7. Harned (Aprii1 21): Inspector J. E. Mc",' rilly of CCOmb
rerootts on YrU17 that vrden beans are severely injured in small
garxdens th-rotugout 1'C',"cmb b1r insects that 11r. J. 11. Langston ha-s determined as thn larvae of some species of Diabrotica. It
is horced thnat !'-e -ill be able to rear these insects for definite
determination.

T~E7_EFTZ CUJC~ B:BTLZ (D~iabrot ica duodec impunctata Fab.)

idaba,,ra N. F. llo-arr (1March 23): Cn this date this insect -as very numeroUs
on e,-rly cabba,7e and considerable damage '-as done to some plants.
In,:>vry to the field a-, a "'oe~as not over 10 poer cent. This
fcfa hiborrrites as an acbjlt and is frequently taken in the f-oods
~ cht~are made for Thilachna corru'nta. (March 214): Diabrotic abundant on early cabbage about 12 miles distant frojm 'chis field. -Damage botthe same.

RThISH

GCAZaG X~T ( i ylemyia brassicae Boucho) (CroF'on Don C. :4,fte (April 1.1) At Salemn adults T'ere fairly numerous
ont above ate. Ca .iht a dozcn flies in from 15 to 2r' minutes. -At C.rv'dalis, on."pril 1-7, minute larvae observed entering radishes.







-75

RZiISH ',7EEVIL (Cleonus 3ruLe) Ore gon B, G~. Thomnson (April 13): First adult observed on sidewalk at
Corvallis on LMarch 23. Adults numerous April 10.

HORSMLOISH FLiBTL (Thylltr eta armnraciae Koch)
Illinois 7.Pfit(pr12) Rerted causing serious injury in cs uth77estern Illinois on April 22,.

TTJRITIP S

T17JIF .LPHID (rhT :~sru __-u,,rsia Davis)

Mississippi M. M High (March 28): The turnip louse 7as found abundant on

turnip about Crystal Springs,



MELON APHID Aqjhis -oc~'ii slov. and GRa J1~H ilID
Tlyzus pEr Si ca1. Sul z)
California T* D. TUrbahns (April 20): At Sacramento these insects vwere
abundant on spinach. Syrphid fly larvae are becoming so
abundant that canneries are rejecting the spinach on acco unt cf these larvae.~ Many large fields are a. total less; others -i be
kept for gro-ing seed,.





























Ah y$A




7 ... ......... . ......... ..


SOUTHERN FIELD- CROP INSECTS

COTTO ;1

EOLL "EEVIL "'.-ithonomus P-randis 7 ohGE-=7 AL Coo-ocrative Re-)ort on ?oll Zmer-ence from Ca,, -,e Tests Prior
S T. TE: 'M 7a to A17,ril 1. (U. S. 3ureo-a of 2 entomology, Dcltrl, laboratory, Tallula)

n ge
At a rec-i-- t meeting of t'--e State and Fedral entoi.olo sts ejga, d in on t,,-c! cotton 'boll a cooperative sysdevised for t' e of comr-piling &cid disseminating information on boll-i7ecril in hibernation. it v-as found
t-, -,t hi', ernation cage tests ':iaO. 'ceen at eiE it different
-1 a all "T
,oints rangi-ng from Te. as to 7,-rtli Carolina last f 11 d it a
-d by t-,e investJ ,-ptcr in claarpe of each of t'--,ese series of e m-erirnents to re-port th: e-],: rgence results, on t'-,-ie 1st and 15th Of each imanth durL-igAl-11 e--,, :-rgence period to t'--,e Tall-ulah Iaboratory of t'-c U. S, B-oxcau of ,.2torjojo g. At 'ti-at -ooiiat, t*.Iie
f 4igures are co-,11-piled ar'L ,-iith a vie',7 o-f de ,eimrini:ag as n ea r I y -a s 7 o s ci 1 e ro 1 e ---e e v i 1 i ---if e s t at i on a t t' e d if er sn t
-ooints reiDrese,-ited. The 1-cations of these coo-perative stations are as follr-s:
Baton Rou,-e, -La. Louisia-aa State :1 neriireat Station, Dr. 7-. E. Hinds coorerati-ng.
U. S. 3-oreau of ::ntomolo j7.,.
Delta Laboratory.
Florence, S. C. Joi-,-t Station, South Carolina State E meriment. Station niid U. 13. Rareau, of 'atomologly, Dr. F. A. Fe-:iton coo-perati-.- LgCle.--iso-n Colle--re, S. C. Sout-h Carolina State E:rperime-it
tD
Station,
Professor IT. 7. Barre cooperati-ng. Aberdeen, C. '-Torth Carolina State E:,--,er4T'1ient Station, Professor Fran' .lin S'her-ran cooperating. Roc"nr llloilat, 1". C. Nort'n Caxolina State Mmerii7ent Station.
Professor Franl,:Iin Sherman cooperating. College Station, Te---,C. Texas Stz,.te Experi -nent Station, Dr. F. L, Thomas coo-,perating.
Holly :.iss. --i State 2:ri--orL' e-at Station,
f, ississil)0
C. T. zes coo-, ,erati-ng.
The recor6,s 71aich '--iave -been received at ti-a Delta LeCboratory to date include observatio-A I's up to the first of A,:Til and thus are of coiirse of a decidedly -7raliminary --mt-L-Lre do not warrant as ,general mnclusio--as as can be dra-m from the later rec )rds. The moot si milficcrft feati.-,re so far is the excecdin .Ly 11i,11-1 emergence ,.t 71or,-,nce, S. C. It hap-:-)ens Vaot the sa:--e series o- ca,-es 7ere i7stolleC, ot t--,at -ooint "j,)t% Ir.st --car ad-i:l t'-I's -,-eor it is esi*"iteres tine- to comn (-, G U1 t s .
are Vie r '*'--q Vle first of
only 6 -ee !ils ','-)ad e- -r.-ed fro i, the entire series of c-,,es -hereas on the fir-t of 103-), 34" --eevils had emerged,
or 50 tir cs as as ).--,i t'-.c recedingg year. I'lais verif ies Ot" -3: o-c'-"orratioac to Vno -ral et:Le,,:t ti ; t a :-,eavy initial emer-c'-- of ',rccvill i-ac', b D c-7 ,ctcd in ti-,- Southeo t r St tes

76






77

At the other points comparatively few weevils had emerged although some were reported from every station except the one at Holly Springs, Miss., and it is still too early to predict just
what the results are likely to be.

GENERAL Cooperative Report on Boll weevil Eiergence from Cage Tests Prior
STATE2T to April 16. (U. S. Bureau of Entomolory, Delta Laboratory, Tallulah, La.).
eevil emergence at te Ci.ferent coo,erative points hns continued
to be much the same as indicated in the retort of Anril 1. One
additional cooperative station has been added since that time.
This is the station at .-eriment, Ga., of the Georgia Agricultural Experi ent Station-ith r. R. P. Bledsoe cooperating.
The percentage of -eevils placed in the cages last fall which
had emerged orior to A-ril 16 at the different points is shorn
in the following table:
Per cent of number put into
Locality : cages -hich have eereged
College Station, Ten. . . 3.54
Bton Rouge, La . . . .2.69 Florence, S. C. I . . 2.49
Clemson College, S. C . . 1.78
Experiment, Ga . . . . .58
Aberdeen, C . . . ..37 Rocky hount, :c. C. . . . ..14 Tallulah, La . . . . : .01
Holly Swrings, :iss .... : 0.00

The above figures are most interesting -hen compared with such earlier records as are available. In Texas, for instance, -e have records at points near College Station for the years 1906,
1907, and 1908. The average total survival for those years ras 5.2 per cent and the average survival -hich had emerged by April 15 for the same period -as 4.6 rer cent. It -ill be noted that in this year 3.54 per cent have emerged so far -hich -ould seem
to indicate that the survival is at least approaching a normal
one.
At Tallulah the nine-year average total survival is 1.51 ner cent and about 25 per cent of the total emergence has been completed by April 15 in the average year. It will be noted that the survival this year is much belo any such indication. This
is difficult to e:cplain except on the possibility that the weevils
entering hibernation last fall were not sufficiently -ell fed to withstand the winter -eather. Certainly, there was a tremendous shortage of squares for food for the -eevils entering hibernation.
The Florence, S. C., record is probably more or less representative of the Southeastern States as a hole, and it is interesting
to compare the records this season -ith those that were secured
in an identical series of experiments last year. In the spring
of 1924 there was a total emergence of 0.25 per cent ani the
emergence prior to A-ril 16 -as 0.11 per cent. This year, however, the emergence prior to Aril 16 is 2.49 per cent, thus continuing to indicate the high probable infestation in that territory.




..... ........ --- ......... .



78

It is also intere:;ti.i .; to aote the, !--evil emerge.-Ice 7-)rogressing at both 7orth Carolina r oints, thus indicating that the -eevils bave able to s-arvive the winter in fair nlr i',-ers even that
f; r 17orth.

Yorth Carolina Fran', -lin Sherman (i,:arch 37-): Alt'hout_ 1 724 --ritnessed very light in:!ury in this State on a-a average, -1yet t' P_re -a.s Ynuch rain at the close of t' -ce- rils t:i= z: a-ieft to develoi-) IM3.
ie s ca so _k
7 .Q- t n-'n--)ers. ..e, t*-_ref',)re, Delievc a nor-c,! nj.-f,,)er e-atered "1J'b-,-_---i-t oi,.
A. - La o--,r "ni7-er -r tion cages at =7ean t*,o adults co.:,e L-Lto t' _e 'zy 'but no
Moro havs been s0eli si ,lc: .

Texas C. 2:--r')er ( ril 15): in tiel i: Instation is
rat'-sr for the s& son, Y-.any o7oserving
-cevils in t'ae cottonfiel,-'s. To-11 7 the -ritar 600
lineal fset of cot,-o_-1 r, -1
i- -; Z-0--cre field 5 iniles east of Bro-nsville and col7ecte,_1 313 -eevils. Since the cotton ro7s
-ere 4 feet aiart, t'nis in Jc ,tod_ an average of more than 360 hibernated --eevils -oer acre of cottO44k.

(_-70ctuid e)

R. 7- Harned (Arril 22)": On A-oril 16 Inspector R. 0. Price at Poplarville reportedly e,-.r!7 cotton severely da!.n.a,,-d by cat-orms. In on-- e:-,)erirqent st;,.tio-i lot 'Lour ro--s had to be rapia-nted He re-oorts that an average of 10 because of cut7orm, injury. L.
Dcr ce.-A of t', e -Dl,?:,,ts ia t'.e fLel, s aroiand Fon larville are being cv.t do!-n by T':iis Lacludes tomato, corn, and
cotton.

Te7as T. C. 3ar'-,er (A--,ril Oo-nsi(lerable com-olaiat of cr.t, ,,orm injury to yoiin2 cot- Ion is icard over the lo"er Rio Grande
Valley section, in qo:T:e cases Vie stand 'being injured so badly that replaatini7 is nec ssarl%



GRASSHOPPERS Ulcriliidae)

o r i d,- S. ChviTberlin (A-. ril 7): Iargo numb Drs of 7assho-c7 ers are
hatchi-ng out in !anas a(!1-,oi-1inc: tobacco fiel:'. 3 in G-cdsden
C olln t ontr,)! -E-C-x Ns r D -A this time.

TO:',--'-CCO THRIPS (_Frp-1kliniella f-,isca

F1,)r 1,k', C amberli:i set tobacco at quincy is beC "),,a i p i-afested t irins.







75

T013ACCO FD'71_7 1_ v i. r e 57 c!--i q

lor-Ida, F. 3. Chamb e r 11 n r i 1 6 C
of tobc-cco Tore
f oiul( at Q-aincy or, April 6 f or thc first ti ne this Th i, r,
insect usi.2all- a --oe, .rs sol-,ie---;"V-t e,7rlie- in this
is no 1].rage yet.

D. -,I' er" -,:--r i T, f i C t 3 :7 r r3 I n r I e 0 e

I 3 ) _.- in
tobacco horn--7)rm obz =-ed t-2-is :;,7 -Zon --- Fre in
Tif ton.

TOE:,,_CC-) FLEA- BYEMJ

'lorida T. S. 73r-'
t to"b7iccl-) v il
fEsted 7'ith c--.i e r 7 f, d in



'RTC' _T -?_b.

o-ud s ia ne, J. Tlie ff'irst rice of t-1--e SeaSon
-Ere o -7erl 'eedi--,7 on ear Crv'- 7 y on the t of A
17. The :,-aiority of t',,ems-'I ves luring as
m-.'Lch sr..aller i=.,-,Jer --- .s fet (j'inE; on th: -c 11 o'L n day
t'l au .-as fce_:An, t-o -:-t Dre.

J ',/_-'5Acthcolr. rnr-ic ,,-,Ds tT m Q
ui s lana. Tng .-'e c en f o un.-I e d
ing on yo-xn.7, rice in ny fiell-s uisi, na. in
SOT7a cases t1le stn-i-' of r4-ce -,-P's been e,
tlie rice 7;DS O-f --ifficient si e to -)e=iv it, th,2 has ')e __'l
destroyed by t__ID fi



S,
AP: heola r-.7ic,,r-s oc.
v s i3-n a j. ". Ingnam (A--ril 7) 7 e 7 r Jnts o" a nu:n_ Dor of sa,1 -1) _,r, _ng oi. -7?
caa' -lants --ere in. a 'Lield o-" cane on th'--_ st-tion far -l
a v Cro--le-r. u-Don cl, -q-e to c--3-jSe,-!
'by tne s-a- ee t I e





C R E S T A '_7 L S H A D '7 R E 1 -.7 S E 6

'7-=77



23N.: ma-13es are -uitO sc.-nrce in the
loc-1 ;.tl-) -)-p Durl.

chu s e t ts T. t--c e -st-nn a-(I of t-e
i,_l6i,:,at_- tl-lat tl-a i-- =acI'l

-,Y, c s cl-Lr-%so 'J.

"Orts t.-C of V e
S t E t B in _,iceto V-,.at i --Ch e i
_rS t" cl-.r'.r.in s ctioi-,s it se to bs s
enou to L v
conlro" -,-e-:7s-ures are
not ii,t into

e7l-- -raeformis 1 -.)

In i a -yi r i 1 73 r7-orts 'be--q recei-:c-l from
Of Vie stte. --ost occilrre,7on cek.-erc.

R

LZ c'j_ o

T, 2): C -reful c-c-rch for this rest to date,
s,- on J I 1, e
--eci, its host -cre s, nt from IT Crlea. s,
nd Al vi.a, Te: .ur i 'ast ni-ne ye rs, revealed Vl ,e
r e s -i c e o f V-i e c -i" K-i o r c I e i sev-ral Soutliana Stat-2s, i. a. at : 1-7ontaina .7 i7es so-alh of l'obile', ,arar.d '_-'ay, IrvinSton,
,4 _10. lioreacres (5 niles so-it7- of __obile' in Ala'.: ama; at 3ilo_ :i, s t i -,.:i 1_ i at
e t r e'--: a, n -Y r i 'i G-: n t i 17 7n-i

t i _i r c- C' --L,, f ou-t -_l i-,
1__ro l. t er-iftic,,,tion 7e --Mres the t!, t a 't ,r
ao Dnor zc,-Tes 'n-ve zinca 'jeen foun! in t' 't 't- te. 1 th
i t i 0 c t 1 t 0 e f i n t o o t, c r tl, r e e St- t, S its
r t;_c,,lrrlY III :)uis i. s ,f"ecte,:! by
t,_le 'ree7o of -licn t'--ie t'ier-lio.cret.-r to frx100 to 190 F. on t ;-erst one occPS10.1.
c ,.,-.7)'.-ior sc-.1e s zn to racov, recl fro-7. t_- is
; w _-I -1 "I -1-re t- ?r3 s tt" c or fre
cli'lIt C Vzpc'_ cs- Ccl
of its --)f-st -i_-.t.r
--,tli v2-ry little ',)ss, t'-o lo-ist recor .e(! _t
Orle--,c 7-, 7!0 -7. rn Dec tn or 2'l., t--As
loc- l it,,, a-J,),at 51 t t",_r, -'-C.t f
r o a 11 c x: c' F
17- 2 4 f r a u r 7 19 2 4 t h c t c t 'I




81
cut the period this year
mortality during a.),
to February 13, 19125) is placed at anpro.-:imatcly 17 i-)c r ce-.it of the 5,168 ad7ilt feTalo These nerio ..O are
.Lec -oned 16 days aft,?r the lo- ot of
rec3rdcd, tince it too'c 'Uhi'z of t57'rle for t I -i to
react suf- 'icientl.y to the cold to etford accurate i-I -_-tific Dt ion as to the cause of m o r t 1 i t of dc, .d a,'Cult
fe.-rale sc 712s fro.r all c,-a2;-s duri-_-_- t ie io-).r 7ee"- s ---eloro t'- e
freeze of 117"),; tI e c
-a s about 28; t-"*i f--is -inter 'or
D e o i s a'o out I r c o" 70 adul t f e-, scales
C '_m i ne a. T'he lo-- ,r of
a-c-,- e:,r to be .Tie to 1 -c' 7 ,)f --r ,ezJn r ---erther ;: nd. to the
.--sence o' natural fe-,-- scales
been noticisd killed b -,,r da s
Pnd i)re tor
in Ye,.7 CrIcans dur the -,i+ -i' er IS, 1-172_115.
Therefore the --c-le in !,.;e'7 Orleans, the re-ion of heavn o 7rn i: if -, -_ t-, rts the ye;7,,i: in r,-qy be said to be if not c,aite nor-,al a larn _l -r c e 1he increa-le a--rin-, the cor.rainfr seat:-n 'i,- -Fair to -be re,7 sona"cly jr- rlt, e rcc aliy vie-ed in, +he 1 i 4 .t of t'---- f7 .ct t'-'at t h e season here i out t 0 7ee',7s earli-_r t "ian 1 7 t rc r Ti i s na i also be sid of sou11-ler-Ii Ala',,a7iia su-_Ca co_. iitions t'-,--:,re ar 3 ne 7_rly the san-e.
J.a'- cat -:c, in 2 1,--r s:: n'u- 1-11ric
-n --ere starterr A s i o -e'.--t f -n .:,'_a) -?z to be
eC' in SO'_Lt'_. r,_'. 10 ,b -,-,- lact --i-Iter, a clean.-an
-4
in some S ,, t s o r cha r:1 s -n, s s c c r d -ratari-l in S-,raying of the cam] hor trees ir. the ti-ie streets
of "'e- Orlea-as by. the IP,,r!.in;- C-rnnissicn, c,'rried out --itn n.ach success in 1924, is being foilo--ed tlni- reqr as a genera.1 Dolic-,'. Pruning and srrar-: --1.7 of inf Psted. n1an ts in Te-z- under
the direction of tIn= Cwhief -1 urccr-, Inz;rector of t'ne :)e,_art..Ient of :1.07iculture of that St rta -as stert-u in a i I-- to
crarlication in that locality. Inju,,y 1by t7liis rest is, '- -=e-ore, exiDected only locally, es- ecially on -rivate i-)ro-oerty -here nroiDer trept: ic.Yit can zot or is ---ot gii7en the -n,lants i.If est:-d.

F 7R

AN APHID (Cherm.es -!-4_ce,-.e R--tz.

...a in e F t ch r ii i 2 '_HLcn:t;y i_-feot 4.tion on trun s of old fir
balspms br ls=ep. on at So-nt.71 C iinn.



KUT IELF-BEETLE (Cralerucella -,?nthomelaena Se-r.)

Virginia .onthly Letter, 3ureau- of Zntomolo-' I.To. 131 (..,'ar ch
I'U'leton, of t-is office, recently iisited the Taylor estate near Trevilians,' do--,i a nizabar. of ca! -,es of elm leaf-beetles
sitized to a consi,71e='ble e-7tOnt by the cli-oteron. Erjnnia niti&eL D. received fror.n Dr, IL. T.no---)son, of Hyeres, France, '__J this Taterial it is --)r,)-qoced to 0 0 t p, 7- 1. ich t7 'te
_., e nerasi Er, 7nn
ni+ti !a in t'ais co-o-at.r ,r.







C-a I if orn ia T. 1). Url -tl-ms -0) Under date of !,arch 21 A. C. Fleury
r P r o r 1- C d t 'U c c t I _- s a s b e in a ct.-_7',e on the tree trw2ks at Fr _sno. 7';on- -,Tv -re seen feclin-Sr "CE- "'Y Lott, r, State of Cal .fornitL :)?rar':rel&t of ',-riculture,
-- 1) U Z
Vo7. 8 (A,:zil 13": oerioias, ell-- n-)est, the
Euro-rocan clm lcaf-bect'n- s ',eco-ne CS4- ? 3' ill t':!' S "F--e 1 1"a
i- -CSt! t4
its ccntrr of U .1 t -resno. It --as first- rarorted in
J7i 7,e of leq t -'ear. T:i_ c -_-eetie ':-as. Ie-m in t',e far eastern States 7/ears, but nev ar to nort"lern Ore,-on.
J-ast ho... i t .. as carried to Calil"o-raia is not 7-ino-n. 2hese beetles '-'Ut &- the elms, but as 'Lpr as is iio- lmo-a the7l, do not destroy ot".- .,r s:i !e tr:aes.
The ,-iatural scored of '- ,_eties is ra cid. They are
acti-',e in fli.7ht an--', ali,:2--t x)on -eo-la, av.torrobiles, and other objects. The f -.7L! 1 o,_Zl le rv e or gru ,s crn,-1 t-.e tree t-=_' -s or fall from t B trees. 2oth beetics and 'os r ig atin.,0:1 riutoiiiobiles par'--ec! -un,1.: r 7 cc C' rried 10-_-I ; -1-Lst7mces. 3Y t-,,ie end of t'he year li- -t in-f--statio-no -ere -fou"'Id oil Im trees in ot1--er to--ns of t'L-c San tj-oa ,uin including :-,-IaT-, Selma, Grosi, :)Jn, '.Da, 2E e'lley, Spn.-cr,
'_'lov s, an'- 774s'?lia.
In t-ne -'Uat2s t---o -ea rations of beetles -tasually develop
ill One, Season. 77T7sno e--.) fo-ox g -crations develo-pea
last Ye ?.-: --i-_ich resiilt Da in t--.3 ra-!:)i-I incre,- .se of Vaa beetl( s.
O.L r '1_0-nc7: 7o--:Ln;C- seacon t' -_e m:.c_ess4_-,r3 Ganer,-tions e:ftend the of nttac'- on "'-z o S.
__ _;_ ver C--7: nl mont'_'L Control hieas,_ires
t' ercfore, are m.Ich mo ,D dif-ficult t.1a. undr northern cli-matic conditions.



GLCC)'.,7f SC;,L-.-,, te-nebricosus Comzt.

-Harlacd 27 ) Insl:.,: ctor R. 3. Dee-n, undc.r date of
A- i"' 21, re- =t-_ that :,R-)Ie tre s -.re bein,-, severely attack ed 'ty +111he : locrny scale, in '_UiDolo. :-.e sa-,;7's, "Ley seem to be more than uslilal. It

7T V- IT -7,',

EL2r '4. (Lecanium corni -_,'oucliet)

i'ississippi R. 7 .T-'rne( (-L-pril 21): Tho E _,ropwm lecani-im is ar-earing in
gre:Dt x4rimbars at -v ?rimis -olnc,: s Vnro i4-lout t*Ae st, -.te, e.mecLally on onk tre,: s. -ecime_-s rCceive --from Xt ,: r leen, '7,,?-lerto-,n, and Ptzv4Ls on ,1,-ptar oaj,--; s-,,-)ecimens recei,1-ed from Laurel and Hattiesbur on lii7c oc,! -_, ?n s- oci7nens f rom. Fayette on cherry and Chinese Inc -nsc '-,nv,3 bcea id_-_-_tJLfied by Prof. Pettit
of t-1e Collc_- as
Loclniwri c,-)rni.







83

PIT31 -7.1

PL 7_ BARK L0TTS:E (Chermes Dinigorticis Fitch) Indiana J. Davis (.1, ril '7
7. n Rece-Lvcd .,"-ril 1 -) from S- icci;-- .d
0,



7 7
ifo-r-ic, P-1 C7

Ar i zo na Ari7oma 'Er-s Th a C o
troe tent cater-'-All.cir "o "be
t'- o" of t"o 'R v
Y. t ive C o t O_-1- F ---A o" t'-)o S? !t TL iv - r r:,
comrletaly de-foliat-_-_1 ns --,-s ?1 o o t -r-- 'ory ro
riles couth of Phoeni:-. 0",
t i e c a t r r. i 11 e r s -, i e r t h o -2 i I i 7 c
ical iy t 11 Of t_'ie Cot 0 0101, L u!
--I-- _3 0' e -r_Com-pletely (Iefoliatc ".. :nxn',er C co--! i-ts -ere to,
Ollico Of t'-C stat" 2ntor !o O' ict t and t7X-Ls U en v e s a nui S
-ere observed 1- i ,,re tl_-' D oli 4,7e o-f ro7.i 'bu!f--es a-.1,a _"ruit tre s had been eaten by ---,.3 c!-,tnr-Ji7.,a-rs.


I IT S : 7 0 T S Ai T T A C -I--' I -_- G G 2 Z H C U 3

17 D L -2- Tj Z 'i A T S



7'
-71S -?'L7LOn,-'i Comst.

,orth Carolina F. Sherman rch l 27.3 co=)Tflillts recei-Ted of t'his insect 7ast t'-1rec --iont-,aro nore t'-,.-n u-,' -'

H= I

,reorgia Sna-pT, t Tort 7al7c:y a-- ,hi 7_s '1LVa Ianlasuall-r abiLaaaiat t1iis s7-rin-, es-cip".v on or-Lr-nent-- Is.

7 T7 T-_ _S

ouisia.
T. Z. Hollo7a77 15): lar'ro le--i(aontoroi-_s lar-:n, has
reported as inj-a:.-ing --)1' in _Ta-7 Crieans. r.
D Pan d s., o e 3 i)r eaia 0 f 1 ;7 t 11-1 dl z t r'y 11as ji)-st sont us specimens from Hoiu. i, "lar.-e rirais of -cast-Lire
being, '.'illed out a-_ad to ---- -.).r-- '_-i ,vinr t r o-LCo 1 C i th t
in their la,,7- is. Ir 'l-he larva s t1qro-j_ l t1le soil. It
re-,oorted that it cam. ,)z control7eO ---ith -ar'-ordis-al'ide a'-_-1 sio-






84
S UJTJ~

Louis ia.a T. E. :-olloY7ay (Ai-rj2. 23): So-'-s -'ere found abundant at New
Orleans in a flower garden. They -ere said to be injuring various
ornam-l:fltal plants.

QF IS

1RIS ROOT-BO2-R (i ,7cr~noctuD. oinista Grote) Indiana H. F. Dietz (.A'ril 15): 7,s of-hAri otboe n hatching at Indianapolis Irl14. This is fully a month ahead of the
first haetching of' eg,:s in 024 .

IL2ILAC

ASH BGRERP (Pod1osesia f'ra;:-ini Lugger)

Iorth Carolina F. Sherman (I:arch 31): One complaiint, the correspondent reporting the loss of about a dozen 'Line lilac bushes in recent years
from this cause.

YARC IS 3SUS

CYCLA7 -.ITZ (Tarsonemus noallidus 13anks)

Pennylvnia 0. in charge of' our field station at 7Ti11ow1 'Grove, Pa., reports that
a florist in the vicinity of Philadelp~hia hnas lost about 30,000 out of' a total of 40,000 bulbs. It appears as if the organism respoonsible for the injuryT is thae cyclamen mite, Tarsonemus id BankC-s, or a closely related form. According to '1.r. Doucette's statement these bulbs produce only one-third as many flo-"ers as
normal bulbs. Flol'ers rro3u-ced -ere one-half to 1 inch less in diamneter than normal flo-'ers and the stems ,-ere 2 inches shorter
than normal flo'"ers. Mhe bulbs w7ere tulip and :Tarcissus bicolor.



,JHIDIDkE

.Rrizona, Arizona Ne-ws Letter, 74ol. 3, IUo. 3 (-.'.rch 31): A-phids or plantlice -"ore reoortedi, in a tele7 :hon~e message- from. a go'er near
Phoenix, as abiuncle--,t on roses.

l-'OS: AH'11m (:acr-si--hiia rose T

Texas 0. G-. 2abcock_ (Zlworil 14): At Sonora this insect is attacing
roses; not nm'-erous exce-;t on a very fe- roses, -inged forms just
be .-innin,- to cflwecr.






85

GIRE M1O US E L EA F-TY EP. -7lc tae n ia ruib ier.l i s Gue n)

M.aryland- E. IT. Cory (Aaril 15): Doing serious damage to violets at end
of crop, so financial loss nil; tranofoerring to s-weet -)ers in
samne greenhouse at Colle, -e.


I T SE C TS A F F *TCT I NG iA:T A:-TD D o 7, Sn 7-I1 C





Indiana J. J. 'Davis (A-oril 23): corresll-o-nal 3-t f ro: ,r obnr Oi -p Ail
19 reports considerable trDV,'lC -it'1- hog, fleas the Tast t''o sl,.:., er s
Last vear numerous r-orts -ere received from v ,rio-as sections of
the State, re-corting tr o'Th37e --ith fleas in h6g houses.

MisuiHaseman and ,ade (Airil ?'-): Fleas attr-ctillag attention o)rou-2.
farm buildings in the central car of the State 7ere they are
re-ported as einn52tvt earl ier than usual .

:-OS-,LITJ--S (Ci-licICae)

M:1ississippi R. 7. Harried (April ?2): r.Troy Thomrson reported that mosqUitoeS '7ere very abundant at Lalkeshore in H;ncock County during the past -'eek He aid n-ot .7menition the species and Oid not sendany s-p:ecimens for cter:iinat ion.

HGUjS7B FLY (IMUsca, dom,-estica L.)

Texas 0. G. Babcock (Arril 16): Fly tra-prings sho77ed the follo~iing p er
cent of flies cau6IjIt to be the h -ouse fly.
Month Yea r Per cent
Y~ov. 11 .. .........1924...........
Feb.18...........1925..........0
M'ar. 4............1925. .. ........0
.lar. 12.......... 1925. .. ........0
2r 2............1025............0
Apr. 7..... .........925 .. .. .......
Apr. 11............925...........3
A-or. 16...........1925. .. ........Trace

The house fly is rmore numerous than trapo records --ould indicate but in corm-arison to the 7 rge number of b -o-flies -oresent tlhe
total percentage 'Tndind-icate thne house fly as being less num--erous than it really11 is. H-ouse-fly bait not used.






SI OT- .= Fi]V77 '71TIC7 Dan! _s)

R. I'looley (':, rch 27): ti&-,.7 ;npOe its first
in t,-ie v, --- v close to 77z--,. 15. TI-ne
,,_acon Iais b en mausu: -1.1 7 -;-r-i ancIL for tI e e-.rlv
r 4.


F-jl-' S C.' rM Z7 17 (L,- ,.7oa crisnate. --ac-;:-)

-.1orth Carolina F. 3'- ,,n-:rn (-.,-ar Tn.:; rcc,. -_It 'ouilet'in of the United States
of D- -_ insf--ct de-Acts it as havinv becn
0--)i(lcf 'ic, 11- s,-,riou5 in -2--- r-s _'7or sevcr, it is of regLOnand r.,c : Lve an -_-7erPee of s-7=1 re-)orts -per
__r, COM_, Dl,?JIIi_ ' 7 0 f s t i nZs by arvc.,. A cocoon
"'a s s C- 1-1 _'"'O r id 01-It i f C! t oil d- r i7 T 0 -_ rna .



t
HORI FLY .Ia irritants L.,

Hase-man 7.'ado (A-pril 20): TIDe horn fly on A-pril 15 -7as cruise
abun -!_- nt on livestoc],-_ in ti-ie c!S_:Ar;.!aI -mrt of the Stete.

T e --m s E. '.*.-. Laake (A, ril 10): T,-,-, horn fly is being held in c--ecl. b-y
the c7ftrome dry -.-eathrr this s--_-xing. Tlie -nimbers vary from none
to 50 per anim,, l in r3airy 'ierd- noar Dallas. Some individ ,ials
are fi&ating conside.-,-'Cly.
D. G. Babcock 13): Ve-ry f e arch
in nimbers the last of
at Sonora, P-rj-.-)ro.ximatc1y 10 to 15 -per anLmal. Today, April 16,
barely ,verages one fly to tIne (cattle). 'None observed k
woon shec-o.

D. C. 21): Cr-ing, '%.o thc 'not, dry 7e,,,ther at Uvalde
it is rare to observe -7 sin,-le s-oecir.en of the horn fl,,,, unless
observations are made in lo-, heavily timbered rl-),cos, a,-,A ii, such
7,,lac, s it is rare to se more than 10 to 15 flies on cattle.

SOT E-.7-70'r (7hr- 7,o:rya, TaIC.

E. Dl.alce (A-cril 13): T'ho fir-.t adults of t'ne scre7--on-- -ere
trapped at a local -,-)-cI:inKhou,_e on 'hrch 20. Tra--minr3 during
the last -7-ok av,=.,7e 6 --er c,3nt of this species.

0. G. 7--bcoelc (Y :ril 16): Drimage by this insect at Sonora is
sliE It.
Feb. 12 no c,)ecir:Pns in
r. 4 n o c in trl--)
:-'ar. 12 7 r o_- of in trap
Ar.r. 2 -o ccre-orm flios in tr&7
-1 iQ,
7 4 ',)or colt scr.3 or-m f ir. trap11 17 )er cC_-it scro7--onn flies in trap.
16 32 1),-,r ce -_t scro-orm flies in trap.







67

A few ca-jes of scrr----or.n s i:-l ar,- ar-c-lrin.- "blit as yet
not- nx-rerous. if it rai7,s ',I littTe,
aro very rroi for
-r is r7,,. c 1 s e s

D. 0. Far::.an ( -A 7. r J. I ')I IT 7h I'll t Z; 111c re'" -It 50 r c_:,it -Turiiie thD.a,-)nt1i and- rer c- -t of
T
ts'- :-n in tra7,)s ot )7-111C_-, P rc t-"', "Cr-1-1, -,-)I,-r f 1 i0s. c,- G
of rre C-I t")T- a -_ C)f 1, i 1 -f s t i c l -0
i t
'h-t -J-1-1 -not Ic"It S OuIcl rl-4. If! -11 e
S i i en t dar i t 1? e-, r Y t ,f t _I: --_f r 0 -17, f! i e o -11' 174 in, OT

S T 3 L E FU

T e7:a s E. 7. T_aal :e (A-rii 7 "_ ) :I S -1 ve r 77- s t "D 1 f I 1 11 C1 i r -7 c t t 1 e
,prolLo'bly o 0' 7 n- r

OX

North Carol ina F i e r 7- ) n a r c i c o a i -_ t a .5 n t s e t r i 2 1 t C o f t,: i
o dul t f 1-y on P-4 4c:L s c .-I-s to me c _, -F,-)r t' c !7 ,JIt to
b,a on the r% _10 ever, thic is t1- c ct, .-! of
tzie adul u '_-1ad,' tliouzq ---e r)CCaSiOil l inquiry abovft in cattI.2.
Ir. I T. .4 G Tne n,= r of cr of
Indiana t; 11 1 (A _1 __)
control of this indic-t1:S

Texas laake (A dairy in lu'n ; vicinit- of
D97-1as -ere az-.:! fo-:,%7.a to ',..e f 'rec f.om --rifos in V,_e 'r,-acl,.
22): AO.ult acti-i t7r bep- _'_ '. d
en,-_- in a---d
reached its heiL-,it a-bo-at ... rch 15 has no,-- ceased entirely.

SECT"' 7GS7L CmTTj-j'7 LCT" t -,,rnus Ti'-Sch)

Ye7. Hampshir(-, P. F. (A-Dril. 3): Cittle lic-- at Dm- m not 'be cn
co=on this shor t-nosp.a cattle lous -O An.-; fie one
us -an 1 ly -pro E,--.t tho-,3-,h Li:aoRa, -t ms --*tili L. T-iclao _gctos
salaries 7itzsch hrve occasionally boon fou xl. Nebrasim hc -a
Tlae or'-nos ed v, t 1 e s t, s lbjeCt of a-r. Dr.ort of serious i.-if -stz iticn of t -year-o r h ifers on a stoc2 farm-in Fillmoro-C3unt-T tnis mo,,,1th.

-CO'..11O'H =77. TO"T (Lino 74,.a, Uhuq r-tuli

Texas 0. G. Bmbcock.(. .-pril-16'), Fre-_, nt 'out not in e. cescive nmbcr 7
this i-inter at Sonora. .'ore co=-on on cal-.os.







86 - -n i q Dugc s

(,7rn4'-hr do'roz mc
77r S f-cr)c n Dat S,,- nnra
in t'-,-- ro of co-s c I v 7t!-c- nd a Lolts s'ill
nr c t av e rr t, r.::ar to V- c,,-x .-,,acl in sa-e
co ... s 2 -6o s-, ineT ,t- c tc t' .-ar.

7-7 j

T bo,lf7an to
in 7 o- cl, r c 'T--- 7 t, -e
on 7r s t before
t 3?t-, 7e_ t7l e
lo-- r ur J. -i



171- C7ir.,,AT
-)s C T- 7 0
'17.4 t 0 CO".-.01, T,
on t--o floc t'-i,-n for I-Et t--o or


n, a a 7, (_, -ril 15): 0-F, t*I-.:s inocct on
s. a -_ e - -.,i __ i s v
7 r t o -I til

J. J. cc, r z r-):n rt- e on
_a r cln 17, ozie 7-bnov-- r- ?"t', r:711,Dort tro-,able


T c 7--a s F. T,. M,: mas ,,%-ril 7.1): 0----r of shc;F ,-n ,t ror'- V
C -,mlt7 st-ted tvrlt 1,o nevr icd ",Dse iLi il he- recei, ,cd t-- sn e c
in Ohio.

BL !llr Sre,-irvi. ei

--.a s 0. G. 16); t 3o:icra in ch,: ,_-r -ool
not this ,c-7 r to d,?te. c,-s: s ,re rc-- orted "0-P7cr.
'l yt rF, t' je 7 o'Y' r 7er cent
71
cb. 1 . . . . . . 77
7
r. 12 . . . . I 0, 5. 75
43
7
. . . 71
IS . . . . .









FOOT LOU F (Lino-r.athas -oelalis Osborn)

Texas 0. G. Babcock (A-: r-il jr\,: For tIle last five ye -,,rs no severe
witbreal- of the foot lo-ase in -este= Tcxas has been observed. Present in very sm,:711 numbers. p P n ,ar to be more nurnerous in
the f all and -:7inter months. Us--L Ily difficult to find.

'_;%)IIT DYTS- (Tricnod., ct s 'Iar-nsi X. 'T

Te-7as 0. G. Dzb-cocl- ( ;_Dril 13): At "' onora t"is to ',De
more ge-aerallr distri1--itcl in flo _'ioticea'_-Ie
oaantitips than 0 r Y j V ro'j-';_Iv f ro- 5 to 10 -oer cent inies'ation on an aN7era,,;e L-1 lan '_i -0- ed loc'-s. On "Ile --Tho'le more dip-Iqi_..7 than usually lzi,7s '-.een carried on this -1 -_,-ft- er.

CC' _L'N GO14-T LOT-73-7 (Tricho ,-:: ctes cli'ma7l 7' 11) Te',zas C). G. -pa-bcoc. e
E_ -, ( -,7ril lq): : ore numc,-ov.s at Sonora this -int
t-,,ian usual in herds 'hiere di-o-.)in -,Is not oi. Pall-'r 50 per cenQ of such -Oats --ere grossly in-41csted. This resulted in a conl -,idcra.'ole loss in :iio'.7Jr.

CI I AT ICUS- tli, -io,-_nathus steno-osi BurT.i.

Texas 0. G. Eabcock (A,:)r*Ll 10') l-ns lo-ise 'has been li ;iter this -inter than for the last five 7,-ears at Sonora. Difficult to find in any herd em=_.LILe0. Tlhis is even true in herds -There no di oi)in- -a.s car-_-ied on. La o-.e 71,lerd in particular r r the lice continue to die off, iecre _-ce Last3--_-6. of iiicrea:;e in nmin'oers.

FOULTPY

CU'J IYE7T ETE (Derm,- n,.,ssus -allinae Redi)

Texas 0. G. Babcock (AiDril 16): Doi,-.,g considerable damage to --,oultry
at Sonora 771he r e the houses 'have not been -oronerly treated for mites and "blue bu ,

I E. L a-,-O e D r i 1 20): Chicl-ren mites are abundp-11t and causiiig
concirl-Drabl-- inj Cury -h xe thcy are not being controlled.

FO'7L TICX (Arap's miniatus Koch)

!Texas 0. G. Babcock (.6.7oril 16 O-i.-L17 to more interest tel-len in combatins t1nis severe -r-oultry 7.cst there have not beea so nany complaints this year Pt Sonora. It appears t1nat this ti&: has not
been as active as r-sual this -inter.

CHICMT HEAD LOUSE (Li-peurus heterorrar-us Nitzach')

Texas D. C. Parman (April .21): The head louse has been present in practically all flocks e-xamined at Uvalde. The Lf stations in the flocks are usually rather general arA some hens have as many as 25 to 30 lice- This louse has -orobably been responsible for some of the losses in young chickens.






90

T -T-- 7 7
on biseriatua Fi;7get)

H- ,,i-aT,)sh ire P. j. Lo--,ry (."_'Pril 7): Chiclzen 1:'Lc ,, -,n.,:e I.ot bem co7,,,aon this sr-ring at Durham, thiS lias been fo-una in small
in all flocl-s

T e ma s 20' lice are obund,=.t, particularly
th bc---i-, c,7se, s tn control ar3 boin receiv -_'d at Vlais stfition al.:- o-t
-e i--- -,tio- s -have been
D. C. Par- %i (A,-)ril 27-)': 7ne )O y --,f -:,st
f oj.:,d rru i "C. e -e i i e ra 11 y in a! :::I:-IiI_--,*,r farm. an Ilocks at Uvalde,
_id so!i-.e of t'.-,e*! ,ens a,--vn '13c!n obzn.rw d to I'lelve as as 1,000 to 1,500 lice anO mrzaj of ,DI!- as bi as a v, -cil.

S T I T 7T FL ZA S c o ha -,a Fnl 1 i c e a s t

)rned (A-:)ril 2" L: _s--)( ctor 7i C. Pricc o-P 'i-o, r ii e
re ,orts o-a A)ril 1- t1apt three -.Doultr-,Tmen at Foplarville 1"a'7e re-cortea '1-o sticl:ti- ,it flea enor.p thoir chicl e-is.

Texas D. C. Parzlan (A-0ril 2211 Tlz-e otick.tiplit flea I-,!is continued to
i-icroase ra--A ,_ly ti-je :.-.o_-i --h at anc a7o-creci;: 'Dle loss
has beon had fromi (leat"Is, C3-r.Nel-ially in ycunC. Sttoc This conul Im- --ill
edition rz voils t1rouIE -,,ojt -e-te7r, Tern _s. e 10 s G probably,, be a-tut in this territory -during the -month.


I S -, k T S 1 17 F 17 1 C -H 0 U 7; E S A D P F-E) :: 11 S E S

T =M,ITBS

aryland T. E. Snyder (ADril 14): 111here 'aave recently be -n several cases
in the vicinity of Che7 ,-y Chase, d., r e_-z-oensive buildings --ere T)urc",-i-sed --it'a n o-ne or t---o lrarrs e--tansivc repairs
CA to be T, t 0 dan ? ge ") Y t C M. i t e s
On 3e-otf m-oar ?4, 1')?14, t'!Pre -as 7L lar,--.-e I's--ar-n" or colonizirfli,,'It of the ter-mitc Fetic-allit '-rrn, s 7!ir; inicus -2,_in":s from the of t-2 ins-ctary of V-e Truc "i-ri--ioi in
the re-r of t_.Ie _'- -ain Cn cto,)er 7,
s--arr-i of -Iults er-lerCed. On. 11, 1925,
at a lar,:.;a s-crm of 7ir:-rinic,)s en-.erged from
the of t-o ot-)c-r louiltli-i.Z--, one a and the
ot' er occu,-ier.. "Jkr 'U'- Div4 sion of "co'.duous .Fruit Ins-cts. rae s s b-ui1din-s %re a,)olit 50 fc-_A t-_ d it is pos -ible that only one c(-.,lon-T of teinit3s is in-.-olve6.; t'--ie -L ;s-,cts travel t1l.rou& I
t"J'e Ilence of -Lutre-)ted f rom t1ie growid
is the o-.111! -,re-7&a'iv:?. Eaese buildings --7cre built 1.astily and c'--'Wly in til-es 011, 0tres!7'. Hlo-evor, t7,-sr. cn.scs should demont neel of -_oftificr tiorl of cil'u, ")i1ildi-a's reC3.1ations, 1.10 as to nrewrit t7is ftaitl-%,::re -rotect t--a 7:1o-aseholdcr. 01, t 01.1 ,7ft--r i, ln-r -,,- T)-)Tc- :- se o.-:e or t-o yerirs later c fa=,ilhas to several hunlrcd doll -rs in re-buil,"ing foundations,
due t i- roer construction aad conso(-uent infestation by ter1'Ates.








A MITE (T7ro __ly- hus lintneri Gsb.

Alabam. a N. F. Ho-,7prd (March 27): F, rl Y in ':arch an unu-u 71 inf estntion
of a mite determined b- ', Dr. H. as Tvro,,:711"--h11.s lintneri
Osb. 7,ras called to o,--Lr attention. .,,,,7riids of tne 7,tes covr ,' a ne,71 steel household refri,; en tor and t ,e food-Sti-IffS in i" Invest --tion indict .tes t1le t ion ori !; t in t'
insulati.-,,,, .'.-i, trial -.0 e s 1.,-x b y a TI. it e s t t.hat they -ere so ,, ; 7 !Dec--e an- t'he
ice bo:- Ilad to 'ca remove" fro -,_ t'71e d-, -e 1

BO__1T-LD:7H 'T -7TJP- (.a--tncqris trivittatus Sn7'

Nebraslm -Its 0 ino -nce in h,.)uses by Vie
bo::elder bug conti-niaed to co,,L,,e in during tle early ,-)Prt of rch.

1 :' (Forficulr P,,,,ri cul aria L.

0 r ego n Don 0. .',ote (-,,-arch 21): tlt rortland and Alb, _ay adults, a:-icll ep,-s
are quite ab=dcnt.

T=ISH LZAjD-"- 3Tj_" (Sino-,rion se::dentatixr OlivT-I:x ey .'r_ rch): The
monthly y Letter of t7,le D, -,'a of --lt=010 _"oof -L"'ice of t'ne Consulate L'Teaeral Cons ta--i tino-rle, Turl_ -_y, reports, on Febrixary 28, lc25, tljp t tl,7e Turl :is,-i lead-c,- ble borer ( _ino'-17710n sexdei tatum Oliv. ) duri-ag Vlae last Tear caused brea zs in service 7ires in and near Cons tantino-ple. The insects bore into any -:part of the cable, -hether near or not, a-nd -polished surfaces as --ell as roag17 Pre att,,,.c'-ed-. 11- onitall suspe-nsion rings are of no airpil. It !-,-as 'been necessary to re-pair cables seven to eight ti-,-es in ,), run of 5- meters. Une areas particularly affected a;re as foilo-s in the order of density of fault: 1: Doth snores of t--ne Golden '_Horn. 2: 1he Asiatic ehore of the 3os-o'.11orus for a distance of abolat 2 1-ilo--_=ters fro--.- Cart?,! to 7-ostand.lik. 3: The D)ro- :)can shore of t1he -,-os-horuss for a distance of about 10 !,-ilomet--rs from 7ebe -. nort'n. 4: The -Vorth shore of t--.e -, =,-ora_ for a distance of 9 :ilo-.,ieters near ancl Saa Stefano.

kRG::17TI172 -'.-.T (Irif-omyr-mex =ili-S "ayr)

T e xa s T ake(Anril 23): T'aiss office h2s received about the usual
number of calls for fnis ti..:-e of t_. e year in regD.rd to Argentine
ant inf est, Vons.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 5708