The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00157

Full Text






THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.


Volume 4 October 1, 1924 Number 7


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING







STT RAPXL A -M
STATE PLA.NT ar~iir














INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 4 October 1, 1924 No. 7


OUTSTAITDIITG EKT0;.:O LOGICAL FEATUTRES IN THE UNITED 3TATFS FOR SEFT L TR 1924

Uhite grubs have been reported as being more seriously prevalent than usual
in the Ohio River Valley, southern Michigan, and parts of nebraska and Kansas.

The Hessian fly promniscs to be seriously abundant in Ohio, where present
indications are that the brood will be late in emerging. Bather heavy infestation
is also reported from Illinois, Nebras'-a., and Kansas.

The European corn borer is reported as spreading southward much more rapidly'
than last year in Ohio, and the intensity of infestation has also materially in-
creased.

Cool, rainy weather in Kansas and Illinois is believed to be very adversely
affecting the chinch bug and no serious danoie during, 1S25 is anticipated in these
States.

The western corn roctworm is reported as moderately abundant in Michigan
and Iowa and seriously abundant in parts of Nebraska.

The red spider problem has reached such serious magnitude in California as
to be the occasion of a la:ge conference of a-riculturp-l advisers, growers, and
others, directly and indirectly associated with the fruit industry of that State,
to devise methods for control.

The :.e-:icrn bean beetle is now reported in the nzfrtheasternmost corner of
th& State of Ohio, thence westward along the lake shore to Lorain County, thence
south-estward through Hancock County and Shelby County to Butler County in the
southwestern corner of the State. The infestation in T-at Virginia is now knovn
to e::tend as far east as Harrison, Gilmer, Kanawha, Fayette and Monroe Counties,
and in Torth Carolina eastward to 7ilkes and Iredell Counties and has extended
northward in Pennsylvania to Beaver County. In ,'yorniiiCg the pest is extending
northard in Platte County.

The pea aphid, on tl-Ie whole, -as not seriously abundant in wisconsin this
year, though a sligt amo-unt of damage early in August was reported from the dried-
pea section in Door County.

The cotton boll weevil on the -hole has not been a serious factor this year
except in a few restricted regio:s. About the middle of the month, however, many
bolls were found infested in parts of North Carolina and South Carolina which had
previously been considered safe, in many cases the damage being on well-developed
bolls. Similar injury to '-ell-grown bolls was reported from Georgia. Consider-
able cotton in the Greenville district of M1ississippi, the gTowth of which was re-
tarded by dry weather, is now threatened by a late attack of the weevil.


- 261 -








- 262 -


The cotton leafvworm is now reported as generally prevalent throuJ-out the
cotton belt. A slight amount of control work is being attempted in a few of the
States but generally i' is believed that the cotton is so far advanced that the
leafworm can do but little damage.

A very heavy emergence of the cicada Tibicon resonans T'Clker is reported
from the Tore,. region of Florida, the outbreak being in intensity very similar to
an emergence of the periodical cicada.

The bagworm is abundant and destructive over the greater part of Ohio, sou-
thern Indiana, and parts of Kentucky, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Mississippi.

Practically all the locust trees in southern Ohio are browned by the locust
hispa.



OTSTAIMIYG ENTCMOLOGICAL FEATURES l1T CAITADA l' FOR SEFTzEIBER, 1924

The eye-spotted b-ud-moth, Spilonota ocellana D. & S., occurred in outbreak
form in Kings County, Tova Scotia, and was abundant and destructive in un-sprayed
orchards in southwestern Ontario.

The lesser app'.i worm, Lsmejyrcsia nrunivora 7?lsh, proved very injurious
in the Okanagn Valley, British Colur-'bia, this season.

Leafhoppcrs, principally the six-spotted species, Cicadula sexnotata Fallen,
have caused very severe ii ury to oats and bc-rley over considerable areas in north-
central Saskatchewan.

The rosy aphis, Anurapnhis roseus Baker, has been unusually abundant and
destructive in the Annapolis Val Tova Scotia.

The Zrape-berry moth, Polvchrosis viteana Clemens, has come into prominence
as a grape post in the ITiagara district of Ontario.

The currant fruit-fly, pochra canadensis Loew, is so injurious in southern
interior British Columbia as to make it impossible to grow currants and gooseberries
cor,-mncrcially.

The peach worm, Anarsia lincatella Zelcer, is abundant in the lower Okanaga;
Valley, B. C., causing consiehable loss to peaches and prunes.

The wheat-stem sawfly, Ceohus cinctas 'Torton, is not as plentiful in Mani-
toba this sqZscon as it has been during the last few years.

The infestation by the cabbage aphis, Brevicoryne (Aphis) brassicae L., in
the Okanaan Valley, B. C., has been general, cucing considerable loss.

The onion mn-7,Tot, Hylemyia antigua Meigen, has been unusually plentiful in
the Okanagan Valley, B. C., this season, and the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lind.,
caused considerable loss.








- 2r)3 -


The larch sawfly, L.ZPaepneiatus ejiochsni Irtiig, is more or less generally
infesting the forests ever the Thole southeastern corner of Nova Scotia, and it is
reported on the increase in 1.anitoba.

A rather serious infestation of the gipsy moth, Porthetria dispar L., was
discoverred on the Belle Valley road, some 3 cr 4 mil:: soatShret of Lacoile V0llage
in St. John's county, Quebec, on September 3. This oiLreak, which covers an area
of at least CO0 square yards: is principally confined to apple and shade trees. In
addition twelve infertile eggs, the remnants of an e--mass, were fo'nd near the
village of Beebe, in Stanstead county, Qaebec, on July 29. This latter infesta-
tion constitutes the first record of the gipsy moth in Crnada.

The European corn borer, Pyrausta nubilalis fTon., has increased in intensity
throughout its entire range (Ontario) to a most alarming degree. This increase is
most striking in the western and lake-shore counties of Elgin, Kent, and Essex.
In the lake-shore townships of Essex and Kent the average field infestation over a
distance of 30 miles has increased from less than 1 per cent to 95 per cent. Else-
where the increase has not been as ar--1:.:d. Thj northern, central, and eastern
counties, though more severely infested than in 1923, have not attained a tenth of
the increase found in the western lake-shore area.


GENERAL


EN T 0 0 L 0 GY


DPA :::T9ULIES (Odonata)


Mississippi


Indiana


K. L. Cockerham (.-.u-,Lst 25): During the last few days there has
occurred the largest flight of dragonflies in this section (Biloxi)
which I have ever witnessed anywhere. All along the beach front
literally hundreds of specimens would be in the air, heading and
hanging into t-lc face of the breeze. On one late afternoon I
noticed a great mary resting on the telephone and light wires
around a residence; as many as one per foot would be about the
a-rcraer around this place wheere there was perhaps two hundred
feet of this wiring. This unus-ual flight was during the most
unusual period of heat experienced in this section in many years.


C E E A L A ND FORAGE- CROP INSECTS

EZT1ZL FEE'TS

GRASSEOPF EPS (Acridiidae)

J. J. Davis (September 22): Grasshoppers have increased noticeably
this season. Reports of injury to field crops in the southwestern
part of the State. Most inquiries have come from residents of
cities in central and northern Indiana who report considerable
damage to shrubbery and most all flower and vegetable garden crops.





- 264-


Nebr!. si-a


Kansas


Illinois


I. H. Swenk (Scptunber 3): Grasshoppers (Melanoplus spp.)appear
ed in det.uctiv abundance in Cheyenne and Kimball Countiea during
the -.onth of Augast. The Cheyenne County agent reports that
poisoning raetiods were successfully used against them. Complaint
were also received of injury to alfalfa in Franklin County, but on
the whole the sumnr.er of 1924 was unusually free from grasshopper
troubles in this State.

J. W. McCollozh (September 20): The lesser migratory grasshopper
(::lanoDplus ajmanis) continues to cause serious dam-ge to alfalfa
throughout the State. During the last month its injury has been
particularly noticed on fall-sown alfalfa.


C'uTWOPMS (Noctuidae)


W. P. Flint (September): Adult ar'-iyorms and cutworms have been
less abundant in eastern Illinois during Augist and early Septem-
ber than at any time during the last four years, judging by the
number taken in moth traps which have been r-un during the summer
months for that length of time.


.7-ITE GRUBS (rhvyllojph spp.)


Ohio


Indiana



1i 2hi n



Nebraska






Kansas


Ohio


E. Menderhall (Septernber 11): Complaints have come from all
over the State in rejrl to thee damage done by the common white
gruabs or gr-ub7or-ns; '1bich have done a great deal of damage to the
different crops this year.

J. J. Davis (Septemober 22): There have been reports of injury in
isolated localities throughout the State. Strawberries, corn,
and grasses arc thie principal crops attacked.

Eagenia i.ic.rncl (-Augo-st 25): The Junc bug is causing an. immense
a.ounot of damage to the truck parLcns in and about Holland. This
area is mostly muck soil and given over to truck farming.

M. H. Swenk (September 3): TWhite grubs continued to be the sub-
ject of complaints of injury to bluo-rass lawns, strawberry patche
and flower ardcns during the first two weeks of August. In addi
tion to t.le co'intics mentioned in my last report, reports of serio
injury wore received during August from Boone, Merrick, Fillmore,
Buffalo, an. T'.,ckjllz Counties.

J. w. McColloch (Scptermber 20): Tnite grub injury to bluegrass
lawns has been reported from ]nk-to, Hutchinson, and :Anhattan.

T-TEAT

h-E3STAIT iYl (h'-torht-,_r destructor Say)

H. A. Gossard (Septcmber 20): The Hessian fly is quite threaten-
ing in several counties of the State and our emergence records up
to the present writing indicate that we will probably have a late
emorgnco,. Fall conditions are very favorable for a great in-
crease of infestation in next year's crop.






- 1285,-.


Illinois








Nebraska


W. P. Flint (Sept mber):. Tergence of the fall brood of the Hessian
fly occurred at about -the usual date. in northern illinois 60 to 75
per cent cf the fly had emerged by September 12. In central Illinois
emergence bean about September 8-9. 7-,z were present in small uni'-
bers by the 10th and in mroderatee mntabers on the 17th As stated in
the last report, enough fly is present in all sections of the State to
cause moderate to heavy infestation to volunteer and early-so-n wheat.

M. E. Sw-enk (September 8): T-o Hessian fly observation stations have
been located in this State, one in Saunders County and the other in
Gage County. The main emergence began at both stations September 3.
SThe counts at the t-o stations for the period August 31 to Septem-
ber Z5, are as follows:


Station No. 1 (U7ahgo)


Station No. 2 (Beatrice)


TO. of eggs on
100 7neat plants:

0
0
0
0

0


rai-
'-I
C
0
23
4e5
18
17
rain
*0
20
3
205
80
44
721
e485
8C3
622
9)36
839
210
736


Percent emerged puparia
on 100 stubble plants


Aug. 31
Sept. 1
2
5
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
II
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
1I
20
21
22
23
24
25


0
0
0
2,9
3.1
5.3
4.7
8.7
8.8
11.4
15.2
13.2
17,1
20.6
24.6
25.6
27.9
26.3
29.0
33,3
21.4
30.5
34.7
25.0
35.8
38.7


JLo.of eggs on
:100 wheat plants

0
0
: 0
S0)
: 0
: 0
: 0
0
0
: 0
: 0
0
: 0
: 0
: 0
: 0
0
: 0
0
: 0
0
0
100
: 20
: 20
: 10


MN. H. Swenk (September 12): Indications now are that the fly-free
date (or date of safe so-irn-) will come later this year thaniit did
last year. The percentage emaergence at the three field stations was
reported as follows:


-Har2hin -urt;y,
Sep^L .
12 26
17 36
24 50


He'. Uy_-C4iz tM -y"^r, '" ';',eouoy U A :
S: 3SepV. 'Sept. '8- .- 20;,
11 45 10 22
16 55 16 30
24 65 24 42


emerged
stubble


Percent
on 100

Aug.
Sept.


puparia
plants

0
rain
6.4
17.3
17.4
26.2
26.3.
2S.4
36.S
42.3
46.9
49.7
52.7
5-1. 7
51.1
57.5
38.1
52.3
59.1
71.8
7207
72.4
75.4
78. 5
81.6
85.7
88.1


- Iowa








- 266 -


Kansas J. I. McColloch (September 20): Conditions have been very favor-
able for the Hessian fly. Plenty of rain in many sections of the
State brought -up a good. stand of volunteer wheat. Fly emergence
which started July 26 has continued and r.uch of the volunteer grain
is infested. "Flaxseeds" can now be found and emergence from this
volunteer wheat can be expected in the near future.

GRET_- WHEAT-ST4EM MAGGOT (Meromy]a americana Fitch)

Kansas J. W. McColloch (September 20): Volunteer wheat sent in from Ells.
worth was heavily infested with the maggots of this species.

GR3AT-PLAINS FALSE T7IR70RMA (Eleodes opaca Say)

Kansas J. ". ivicColloch (September 20): Two reports of injury have been
received from the southwestern part of the State. A farmer at
Plains has lost ZOO acres of -:"hat seeded this fall. At Satanta,
Haskell County, two fields show serious darnage. There has been
little rain in the southwestern part of the State this fall.

CORN

EL',TF Ar CCiIT BORER (Pyrausta nubilalis THuebn.)

Ohio A. A. Gossard (September 20): The European corn borer is spread-
ing southward much more rapidly than in former years and intensity
of infestation hes increased greatly during the last year. Com-
mercial damage in the infested districts is still less than 1 per
cent, if we do not take into account the increased expense for
harvesting and the embarrassments of the quarantine, but it is
quite evident that the commercial damage will be very much greater
in a year or two more.

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucoWterus Say)

Illinois w7. P. Flint (Septenber): Continued rains during late August and
September have made conditions very unfavorable for second-brood
obugs, and have so reduced their numbers that there will be no dan-
ger of -ev-re damage in any section of the State during 1925.

Kansas J. W. McCoiloch (September 20): Chinch bugs are still abundant
in the co:'n and so..-:gh-m fields but are not causing serious damage.
Cool, rainy weather r throu-jhout much of the State has been favor-
able to crops and has had a tendency to reduce the chinch bug in-
festation.

GOR' EAB'VOP-M (Heliothis ob5oleeta Feb.)

Illinois 7. P. Tlint (September): According to J. H. Bigger, the corn ear-
worm is not as abundant as usual in Illinois this season. Counts
made in western Illinois during the last week show only about 7 to
per cent infestation.









- 237 -


Utah


Ore aon


Mississippi


Geo. F. Xrnow-Nton (September 5)i The corn earworm is not doing
quite rs s-uch damage as last year or the year before.

L. T. Focluood (Septeober 3): Danage to s-eet corn is much more
common than usual, especially as ccmroare-d with last year when
damage was ius":l. Spring and sumrmr have been unusually dry.

00-T-0 CO ST7LK-UXORER (Elasmoranoirus lig-osellus Zeil.)

R. a. Kar.ed (Septeamber 18): There has been a rather serious out-
break of the lesser corn stalk-borer, Elpsmonalpus ligiosellus.
Apparently this insect is present in all parts of the State. We
have received seczinr.ens from several dozen places, indicating that
the insects are distributed in injurious numbers quite generally
throughout the State. They have been reported as injuring es-
pecially soyLeans, cowpeas, sorghmrz, corn, and sugar care. In
some gardens a ierge proportion of the plants ."ere destroyed by
these insects. One correspondent at Booneville tho seint in
specimens from his Garden wrote that at least 90 per cent of the
peas jere infested, and 25 per cent of the beans. 7ne outbreak
of this insect this sL-r is rather interesting as we did not
have a single report of injury by this species during 1922 or
1923. Three years ago, that is, during the summer of 1921,
this insect occurred in injurious numbers at many places through-
out the State. 7h io nr)t have any record of the appearance of
this insect during 19 9 or 1920.


ST'..LK-P- ?,J-R (Paaipeime ni tela Guen.)


Ohio


Webraska


H. A. Gossar-d (September 20): The cc,.iron stalk-borer has been
received from iaeny localities arld was possibly sor.'Yt worse than
in ordinary seasons, but the large number of specimens sent in may
have been due to the alertness of our people in looking for the
European corn borer.

M. H. Swenk (Septembsr 3): A few reports of injury by the stalk-
borer to corn were received during the first week in Augast.


.V2.iTB (Cirohis uni.runcta: Faw. )


V. C. DIu-h.ar- (September 17):
da ai'nr late ccr..


ReoDcrted from M:..,rietta on this date


,SST.iqT CC21T ROOT7CP-I (Diabrotica longicornis Say)


I'.Iichij n


R. F. Pettit (September 9): Destruction of a field of corn by
this insect near Dundee. it seems that the owner of this field
had used corn three years in succession in order to try to kill
out quack grass with the result stated. Ordinarily we have very
little trouole -ith this insect, owing, I suppose, to the regular
system of rotation which is maintained as general poractiee in our
State.


Georgia







- 268 -


Iowa


Nebraska



Connecticut


Nebraska


Utah


C. N. Aiislle (SeptemTber 13): ,The adults of this beetle are found
in mrbers. Possibly the late maturing of the corn, affording an
extraordinary ar-ount of late green silk, has been one factor in the
abundance. They are fe-:diir on helianthus and other flowers, also
on alfalfa, and are in evidence everyt:here. For a number of years
the damage to corn has been negligible, very few fields of leaning
or prostrate corn being observed.

M. F. Swenk (September 3): Cases of serious damage in large corn-
fields by the western corn rootworm were reported from Cuming and
Dou-las Counties during August.

W. E. Britton (September 15): Apparently not heretofore recorded
from Connecticut; attacking flowers of aster and calendula at Granb3

SOUThT7_T COCI LT P0cciJl (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

H. Swnk (Soptember 3): A Platte County field that had been in
oats and sweet clover last year, and was planted to corn May 1P-20
last, was heavily (3a..'od during late July and early August by the
southern corn rootv-orr., a pest that is not frequently seriously
injurious in this State.


L 'FPPFRS (Asidae)
LS.-1,: PJOPFRS (Jeassidae)


Ge3o. F. Knowlton (Sentemter 5): Leafhopgers of many species are
numerous on alfalfa this year. Three species of leefhoppers are
very numerous on alfalfa,apple, and peach in Boxelder and Cache
Counties. Often 20 or more can be swept into a net at a single
stroke.


GArDE' ".TZ..3RJI.: (Loxostege similalis Guen.)


Illinois


Utah


Mississippi


'.7. P. Flint (September): The garden web'iorm has appeared in abund-
ance in some August fields of alfalfa in east-central Illinois. 11
has been necessary to spray or dust come of these fields in order
to prevent complete destruction by this webworm.


Geo. F. Knov.lton (Septeiber 5): ITumerous on alfalfa now, doing
some a-.

7ALL A_'T.T7,D)RM (LRaphrga frugiperda S. & A.)

'.. M. High (September 25): This insect was very abundant late in
July and early in August on a nuiiber of crops including collards,
corn, grassoes, etc.


P7A APHID (Illinoia -oisi Kalt. )









- 269 -


Utah


Nebraska


Illinois


CLOV

CLOVR-LEA7 WEEVIL (HYera Lunctata Fab. )

Geo. F. Knowlton (September 5): -The clover-leaf weevil is present
in the State but doing little damage this year.

CCLOCVE-SEED ',!=GE4c (eeur e-iirinicolg Lint.)

M. H. Swenk (Septer.mber 3): A large red-clover field in Polk County
was found to be heavily attacked by the clover-seed midge so that
the seed crop was spoiled, while a near-by field that had been cut
10 days earlier was not seriously injured.


SOY 3E S


SOUTHFILI CCc? POCT'\7PM (Dibrotica rduodecim-pmctata Fab.)

J. H. bigger (August 23): Feeding on blossoms in such numbers as
doubtless to be a factor in reducing yield of beans this season in
I!or:an Co'nty.


GRASS


COTTDj'- GF-ASS SCALI:_ (Briop7.tis festucae Fonsc.)


Illinois


W7. P. Flint (Sentenber 20): During August several reports have
-omr-: in,accompanied by specimens, of scale working on redtop in
soui'heastern Illinois. This scale ws identified by Dr. T. H.
Prison as Friopeltis festi.cae. To date, no serious amount of
d'i:age has been reported, although a noticeable amount of grass
has been killed in some fields.


A CAT=PPILIA.R (Mocis reppnda Fab. )


Haiti


Geo. T. Volcott (September 3): Dr M Vinson, ChemiSt of the
Service Technique, recently returned fror.: a trip to Gonave Island
and brought back; with him specimens of caterpillars whichh he found
abundant in various places in guinea grass. They proved to be
aocis reoanda Fab. of which there was a serious outbreak last
winter at irany points in Porto PRico.








FRUIT INSECTS


RED S F^ (-. spAL)
RTD ?PIrI]?E;C (Tetransch- s spp.)


California


Wecnk-ly 1e's Letter, State of California, Vol. 6, No. 19 (September
20): A conference on r3d spiler control was held under the aus-
pices of the California State Depart:lent of Agriculture during the
past month. Apreiintely two hundred persons attended the con-
ference.


APPL,

EED-HULI.PED CArE:TPIL!AR (Schizura concinna S. & A.)


Pennsylvania


hassachusetts


Ohio


S. W. Frost (S3otemler): This late-feeding caterpillar, along
with others, has been found numerous in some orchards.
APPL DT:i: Sj'HO7- O;
APPL E -:!.D THOS1T S:_LBcITI_ (Hemerohjila PEriana Clerck)

A. 1. 2o'nune (September 26): The last brood of this insect was of
very little im-ortance. The spread throughout the southeastern
section of the State has teen more extensive than elsewhere, some
orchards shoIain.a ccnsaer'able- injury.


Ar LEB-_-'.::: (Tscheria mralifoiiella Clemens)


E W. .Mer-denhall (Aun-nst 29): A-ple stock in the nurseries in
southwestern Ohio is bad y infested with the apple leaf-miner.


C'LLILT- MOTH (Car-ocapsa pomonella L.)


Massachusetts


A. I. Bourne (September 26): Considerable aid& worm injury in Wor-
cester and Middlesex Counties. Indications are that injury is due
to late hatching; first-brood caterpillars.


YELLO=-:.T.': D CA'TERPILLAR (Datana ministry Drury)


Pennsylvania


S. ". ":-'.s-t (September): Thi
receiving four to five sprays.


s s-oecies appears even in orchards


Utah


Pennsylvania


C-RE7 APPLE APHID (Aphis poni DeG.)

Geo. F. .io,'lton, (September 5): C-reen apple aphids are still
numerous in apple orchards in Boxelder, Davis, and Cache Counties,
but not d3-i,-- ienouji to spray.

APPLE LE.'FH',-,PTR (Em-poasca mali LeB.)

S. W. Frost (September): This leafhopper has been noticeably
abundant during the last tro months.


- 270-








- 271 -


R02SE L7,2-F--F ', (bn-ooae rose L.)


Pennsylvania


S. '7. 7rost (September): Not as abundant in Adams County as last
year, although cercpia orchards, especially the younger orchards,
sho7 considerable stippling on the leaves. Considerable spotting
of the fruit by exidations has been noted but otherwise no serious
inj-Iry.


APPLE-SE3D CHALCID (Svntcrma-is d:uo'r-ur Boh.)


Pennsylvania


S. Vi lTrsst (Septem:er): The apple-seed chalcid has been abundant
for several years in Adams County, especially on certain varieties,
as Grimes Golden. The injury is often confused 7ith red-bug injury
which h it resembles superficially.


A FLD.S-B3EFTLE (Euohorqa reo7-lchralis Fab.)


Hansas


ilassachusetts


Pennsylvania


Pennsylvania


J. W. hc'olloch (Soptember 22): Adults of this species are causing
some d-mae to fruit in this vicinity. A hailstorm a reek ago
bruised quite a bit of fruit and rendered it attractive to these
beetles.
EUT.'z-F-li I3D SPIDTR (Paratctranyvchu oilosus C. & F. )

A. I. Bourne (Sep, mcbr -6): Fractically no bronzing of foliage
has resulted from the attacL: of this species this year.

S. 7. 7rest (SeTterber): ilot as eburdant as last year. An
occasional orchari in -dars County shows an abundance of the mite
but no-There has serious injury teen noted on th.e foliage.



PLIrl CTRCTJLiO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)

S. W. Frost (September): Quince and pears in home gardens and
orchards suffer serious infestation by the plum curculio.


C T PICH (as resia olsta Bs.
0Ri- L--- 1^.:-: I.'TH (laspceyresia molesta Busck.)


Connecticut


Philip Garmian (September 25): Causing considerable loss in some
peach orchar'Is ih Tew Haven and Fairfield Counties. Abundance as
compared ".ith an average year seems to be more ab-undant.


PEACH-TIG MOTH (Anarcia lineatella Zell.)


Utah


Geo. F. :'CoTton (September 5): Peach-twvrig borers have done con-
siderable damage in orchards not s7prayei for their control. Ar-
senical sprays used at the rigt times have been effective in lower-
ing the damage to twigs and fruit.


LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD





- 272 -


Georgia


Georgia


C0nnecticut


Georgia


.RC.".{FC3F (st-, .-T2)i i 3 carolina Johan.)

Cliver I. Snap-' (SoptcrbSr 15): MThe p-raying mantis is apparently
unfsljilivy ab-:undant in Ceoria peach orchards th.-is year at Fort
Val. I e y.
Z:HJC, -;7 SCALE 0 pde
31T J CA (spj.dio-as *pornici'sus Comst.)

Oliver I. Snapp (SeptE-nmber 15): The general San Jose scale in-
festation in The Georgiapeach belt is lighter this season of year
than usual. Unusually lo, temperatures last winter and careful
spraying are probably the factors responsible for the reduction in
the infestation. Judging from present indications a large quan-
tity of both the heated and cold-pumped lubricating-oil emulsions
will be used for scale control in Georgia this year.

7E.1T I'DI.AN PEACH SCALE (Auiacass penta .ona Targ.)

IV. P. Zal-pe (September 10): This insect seems to be much more
abundant this year than for several years past at Stamford; attack-
ing cata.lpa, pluT, apple,and cherry.


PEACH-TE.,, BORER (-',-m--in e7itiosa Say)


Oliver I. Stna)p (Seny.e'fier 15): Adults are now emerging in num-
bers. A majority oi the -r-,':ers w1l again use paradichlorobenzane
this year. 500,.C OD pounds were used in the peach belt last year.

Geo. F. Kno'itcn (Sertember 5): Peach-tree borers are doing less
d;:,r ,e than lac" year. MLhere treated -with paradichlorobenzene,
good controls resulted last fall. There has been less gum around
the trees than for years.


Utah


SHOT-HOLE ?OaiR (Scclvtus ru.-ulosuc Ratz, )


Utah


Geo. F. Knowlton (Septeiber 5): Shot-hole borers are apparent in
most old or neglected peach and cherry orchards in northern Utah.


PLULI CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)


MUssachusetts



Georgia


t ah


A I. Bourne (Spe 26)" E rirnental plantings show that one
or two applic-tions of spray subsequent to calyx spray was effect-
ive in controlling this pest.

Oliver I. Snap (September 15): Second-generation adults have
been emerging from the soil in limited numbers during the last two
reelks. Jarring records show that the peak of appearance of second
generation adults in the orchards was re-.cchd September 4.



CHERRY APHID (vyzus cerasi Fab.)

Geo. F. Knowlton (September 5): The black cherry aphid has been
present doing some dawmn- e in every cherry orchard examined, but
seldom doing excessive daa;.








- 273-


GRAPE LEAFHOPPER (r-t.ron,:u'r comes Say)


Mississippi


The jrape leaf.opper has been numerous


on grapes about Galf port.


Georgia


li ssissippi


PTC.]T 7: D VALVUT

FALL '7E1 i ( I antra c un caa-.

Oliver I. Snap? (September 15): This insect is not as abundant
as usual in this part of the State (Fort Valley).

FECiT ITJT CAF-BFARVR (Acrobasis he'bescella Hulst)

MI. H. Eih (Sea-n temIr): The pecan leaf case-bearer along with
A. hehescella is plentiful in some orcharis along the coast.


E;-:r L'.F CA3 ;-- ^-. (Acrobasis nabmlTella Riley)


Ilississippi


California


Oregon


M. M. High_ (September): Tl-.: peean-leaf case-bearer is plentiful
in some orchards along'the coast.

Clifford T. DocIds (A-_i3st 39): Intrzl,'ced from ;:onticello, Fla.,
during the winterr of 3.23 onr pecan trees. Reported in the Journal
of Economic -1itc-olooy, Vol. XVII, ITo. 4, -" 504, 1924.

EV.F.:,"L.UT "TALJ7T AFHTD (Ch1o:i'bis ijulandicola Kalt.)

Sadie E. Ken (Se_: tember 5): Aprarently the early shedding of
lea-'-j at Forest Grove is due to attack of these aphids which are
present in great nmnbcrs and in all stages.


CITRUS A'TM SUETR.ICAL -PTTJITS


COION 'T.Y3J (Pseococ citri isso)
,EL',.,Y3G- (Pseudocoecascitr Ris


Louisiana


H. K. Plank and assistants (September 13): Very abundant at New
Orleans on doorway fig trees within the city limits, causing much
discoloration of fruit due to sooty mold. !oderately to severely
infested tr3es are almost completely defoliated and sending out a
new set of leaves.


CITPTJS T-I:TEFLY (Dialeurcdes citri Ashm.)


Louisiana


E. K. Flank (September 20): Very abundant at Waldheim on September
4, on some old satsuia orange trees near house which were killed
back but little by the freeze of last January, when the temperature
went to about 18F., sufficient to cause many of the leaves to fall
and no fruit to develop.









- 274-


Te: L? s


Loui s iana


cQ::' SGAL3 (ur=vcomrhalns aurantii ,-k.)

H. K. Famn: (Ar-gst t8): Foimnd abizndant in groves at Harlingen
not well s?3rayed. &-enera iy ditribu-ted here aidl about Mission,
and San Benito. Att" c-in- Ci:tr.s 1' Ci5L".

FLORIDA RED SCALE r:-opls aonidim L.)

H. K. Plank (Auguast 16): Very ab-unidant and generally distributed
at Harlingen and in the citrus groves to the west. Has been in-
festing the u,-ter surface of banana leaves growing near infested
trees, also attack-ing Citr.-s grandis, C. sinensis, and 31J-a sanient'u

SOFT BRO'07T SC-i: (Coccus heseridm L.)

E. K. Plank an. assistants (Auigust 30)! On so-r. trees at T7ills'ood
theit have ocen uncpr.yeC. since last year, this scale has increased
to a v"or; marked extent and is attended by large numbers of Argentin
ants, buit is not no17 very ablundanit. 21'e freeze last J!-eary, vhen
the termwor-art.-e -,7ent to aboo-.t 16F., is very largely responsible for
the great decrease since last ear.


PUFJ7L2 SCALE (Leaidosaohes beckii i!Teri.)


Louisiana


H. K. Plank and assiLt'its (Augist 30): On some trees at Willswocd
that hia.ve 7'een w-a i'a d since July of this year, this scale has in-
creased ver- ,irkevf-'. ^, still is coImaratively scarce. The
freeze lest Jax.:u,'y, ;v'hn the teperzatu-re went to about 160F., is
v :ry largely resonsibl0 for the -resat decrease from last ya,-r.


TRUCK- CROP INS E CTS



P%. -i7- T LADY ae LYsa crdui 'L.
P-U:':: LAD ^-"T-?'LY(Vanes sa csrdui L.


Ohio


H. A. Gossard (Sepotemriber 20): During June and July the thistle
butterfly -acrly clele up the Canada thistle in several Ohio
counties, ti-Js devcio-nunt paralleling the co-d,,itions in States
to the -aest:a-d. a c reported in the last two numbers of the Insect
Pest Survey .illetin.


SO.T:7-.:F. G P2Lr F:.i..BUJ2 ([Tezara viridula L.)


Florida


F. S. C..:berlin (Augist 2S): The southern green stink-bug is
much less -n-merous than is usually the case at this season of the
year. The numbers of this pest were greatly reduced by the un-
usually lo-, temperatures last winter and apparently have not yet
been brought up to norril.









- 275-


FALL AM1TIY7OBM (Larhyrma fr-agi-erda S. & A. )


Virginia


Herbert Spencer (Septt-.b-r 25): We have hao. considerable trouble
in the trucking sections of Virginia during I.he weeks of Septemoer
8 and 15 with fall armny-7ors,.but t1 date the amount of dai.ri:c is
noticeably less than in the similar outbreak ]ast year. Corn has
been ragged on a few7 farTs, kde has groln too large to be seriously
damaged, but spinach, which i& just coming thr)agh the ground, is
shon1-1; considerable inj-'ry. $Bron bait is being used extensively,
and with success exc-.}-t on the spinach. With this crop heavy dust-
ing with arsenicals is giving better results.


CUZj7CPJ 'S Noctuidae)


Virginia


Herbert Spencer (September ') I wish to report at this time an
outbreak of cutv-orms on kale, %ettr'Ace, and parsley. The stand in
certain 7re-s has bean injric to such an extent that replanting -'7
will be ..ucessary.


BLIST^- S.T=S ('eloidae)


ebra s-a


Ut ah


Indiana


-. -. S : (Septmber 3): 3Biister-beetles --ere the subject of
several cas-s of complaint. `'Lhe gray blister-beetle, Epicauta
ci':er__c.a Forst., was r:orted injuring potatoes, tomatoes, beans,
cucumbers, ard ot-ar areen -ol nts in Sh2-rman and mrnas Counties;
that s3--cies an6 IcLcinsc-t T b. were r:rorted as together in-
jurious in Hitchcoc_ Coemty; -fd in Sio-axT Couiity a case was report-
ed t'n- Yit -ele T. nf9 m
.ed .-ere the blister-beetle L t__._S *eneiT c.g completely stripped
the lilac bushes and .'.i.:' :d the lea ,es of the ash trees.

-eo. F. ino-zlton (Septer'Lr 5): Blister-beetles are again numer-
ous in a fe1- fields west of Smithfield and in Farmington.


?-: SFIDS (Tetr.:n'ch"j spp.)


J. Davis (September 22): Red spiders are very abundant through-
out the State on flower and vegetable grden plants, as well as on
tress and shrubbery, especially conifers.

Mj. :I. High (August 25): A red spider, T(t>---n-ch',s sp., has appear-
ed unusua'ly abr'dert on beans, eggplant, strawberry, pepper, melon,
and roses in soi-wtnon iLississippi during the last several weeks.

Geo. F. MLvo-lton (September 5): Red spiders are d-nmagiig many
crops throi:Aiout the State this year. Very heavy damage has been
done to some raspberry patches and flower beds in Cache, Boxelder,
and Davis Counties the last month.








- 283 -


PI-ER 'EVIL (Antholomj s eoerni Cane)


California


Rooy E. Cam-pjell (3ep'temjer): less than one-half acre of bell
peppers are being ,ro'- in the local4ity v,,hre they were so badly
dameged by the pepper -weevil i.st year. .ion:r pods had set and
some were .,ture, 'jut practically all were infested, some with
several insects. Lauvae, pupae, and nearly emerged adults were
taken, indicating that one generation had been completed. AduLlts
were capt-ur d easily by sh-:l;,.-. the plants over a net


POTATO 1ND TOMATO

POTATO A-HID (?acreosiTh7.i solauifolii Ashm.)


Utah


The potato aphid is doing little


Geo. 7. t.o ,tn ,Septeroer 5):
damage to potatoes this year.


Utah


Connecticut


Utah


,::iscissi-Oni


,CAT-O LEAX'HOPFF (..-,:.:,sca -:ali LeB.)

Geo. F. Thno-'lton (September 5): The potato leafhopper is not doinj
much damage to potatoes this year, but is present in small numbers
in most fields.

-TVl.0': (7roitrcj s -t- Johan.)

Geo. -7. .ao-lto (Septmc C:er 5): Tomatooro=s ere doing considerabl(
danago i-n s~re atcl.hs, o,>.u usually act present in great nuzibcrs.
Some were tal'en on apple trees in Cornish.

CABFAC

C'-..;.A AFHID (Br3vicor:ne brassicae L.)

A. E. ,Tikinson (September 25): Recent r-ins have materially
lessened the niluber of this insect in this State; attacking cabbage,
caujliflo'er, andbrussels snorouts.

Geo. 7. cno,'-lton (Se-p.te.iber 5): Caba-e aphids have been very
nuerons th- 3um.:e aPnd frequent dusting or spraying has been
neces;,r- in Cache Conty.

l:FOETsD CA.-:_ 7o0JHv (H:ellula u'i..dlic Fab. )

11 _. Ei ,- .....t 25): 2.e imported cabbage webtorm has done
injI.ry-. to late caobage and turnip, although not as severe as during
some former years.

A.--, :-.T LOOPFR (Arto. rapha brs -cae Riley)

F. Y. HiJA (Aujust 25): Autographa brassicae has done considerable
injury to turnips, cabbage, and collards on the Mississi-'i coast
the past few "'ec:s.









277 -

CCA'-r..E7MIPE (Pcn tia rt-.-e L.)


Connecticut


Sennsylvania



"Vest Virginia


A. E. .ilkinson (September 25): This insect is rrore abundant
th.n "usual in this Stt.,; attacking cabbage and cauliflower.


ST7?~-9.:.Y L F--mOLLE1R (Ancvlis co tsna Froehl.)

Geo. F. K _oIlton (September 5): The strawberry leaf-roller is
widely distributed throughout the stra"oerry raising sections of
the State, and has done considerable damage in Boxelder and Davis
Counties this year.



...... 3-._-, cna corrupt a Inlss

Teale F. Howard (September 2): The Me::ican bean beetle -as report-
ed from -a3hington and Green. Counties during the latter halIf of
AjL t.


W. E. Ruisey (September 3):
destructive.


Reported from Logan County as being


North Carolina


Ohio


-.eale F. Toward (S23-cr -c:" 2) -,---orted from :"- -:.ha, Roane, Harri-
son,- Calhoun, ilrr, bridge, Tetzel, Marshall, and Tyler Coun-
ties during the latt.. half of A-ist.

reale F. Howa\rd (September 2): Reported from ilkes, CaldTell,
Ale;--ander, and Iredell Counties on Au-gust 27.

D. Li. DeLong (September): arcing the last '7eek I have been scout-
ing in northern Ohio and have fo-undd the beetle extending from -he-Al-
ing, along the Ohio River, to East Liverpool, then along the eastern
border of Ohio to C-eneva, in Ashtbula Coun-ty, and along the lake
we3t-;ard through Iake County, arodxnd Cleve-,iL-, in Cuyahog. County,
and in the eastern p-art of Lorain- County. I have not been able to
locate it -est of this -point l tio,,rh a detailed search 7as made.
Furthermore, second.-generation larvae Tere found along the lake
and a sli',h r'-..at o d.",mage.

H. A.- Gossard (Sepotember 20): The "exican bean beetle is also now
found in nearly all I arts of the State, according to the reports of
Er. DeLong, of the Ohio State Tjniversity, ar-d ir. Hiller, of the
Experiment Station located -t Chillicothe.

iTeale F. Howard (S>t,-'Tiber 2): Reported from Delaware, ".-arion,
Eardin, Shelby, Crawford, and .-orro,, Counties during the latter
part of August.








- 278 -


yoI-^O:;.!


Utah


Mississippi


-Isconsin




















NTebraska


Virginia


C. L. Corkins (August 25): The writer found this insect at Wheat-
land, Flatte County, early in Augpst, 1923, though the county agent
stated9 t1,at he had se-n it the p-wevwc-s ;'. r. So far it has attack
ed only r.!. b,,s --. s Lmcn. sever naae to these. This
year the insect his Jycad froIn .1seatland nor'hwiard to the territory
immediately southwest o0 Dh7ye'.

Pv- APF:IED (Arhis rcrcis Linn.)

Geo. F. YInoiltcn (Septemraber 5): The bean aphid is numerous on many
plants here, oeg e%-_c" cially numerous on truck crops and b-ardock
the last two snrmmers.

LIE'A :h:7 VITE--P"- F. (Monoptilota rer:-ritinlis Hulst)

R. W. Harned (September 18): The lima bean vine-borer has been
received from t-o properties in LUarohail County.


PI-S
PEA APRID (lTllinoia pji Kalt. )


J. E. D"dley, jr.: DIuring the first week in July infestation of
the pea aphid in eastern ao.nd southern Wisccnsin assumed such pro-
portions that a large per cent of the crop was threatened; and
gro-73rs an f- Cifach alamed.
It- was fou>c cy"; Co :j,'bus region that the continued heavy
rains brou-hrt j bc.- :t.:c'- a rapid spcead of the funi:s disease
that aphids. isapared as by a mira cle and the infestation was
reduced to a point 7h0-e it was of no ccnseTquence. This same
condition of h-ea.y ::ains followed by fungLnos -as felt a few days
later along the Lake Michian shore until by the 15th it appeared
that the threatened caiaage had been r :.tly alleviated, if not
entirely prevented.
During the last half of the month no reports of severe aphid
injury have come to the laboratory, and in view of the abundant
moisture aJ gcnraPlly good yields, it has been felt that the
anhid has not cause much damage. Just recently, however,
(August 6) reports of injury have come from northern Wisconsin
and from Docr C--nty -"`here there is a considerable dried-pea
business.

1. H. S'vef: (September 3): Sweet peas were more or less injured
in eastern Heboraska ':". the pea aphid.

G-:E1T CLOVER -:'1 (Plath.. .- a Fab.)

Herbert Spencer (Sept--b-r 25): There have been several reports
of green clover worm on fall F.Riish peas in Accomac and Northampton
Counties easternn Shore). In the ITorfolk section a few larvae of
this insect are present, but no appreciable dam&:e is being done.




- 279 -


STR:F7 = L rEr:-?L (Diap rotice vittata Fab.)


CORRECT 0IN:
Michi0.:_


R. H. Pettit (Septeober 3): Report of July 22, page 186, of the
Insect FPest Survey Ebuilletin Vol. 4, N'To. 5, August 1, 1934, should
read arsenatete of calcium" and not arsenatee of soda."


PIC;:L'0ORI (D ba-ha. ia nitidal is Cramer)


Illinois


Ne7 York


S. C. Chandler :(Sot.r): T-enty-five per cent irnfestation of
cucumbers was n.ioted in the south end of the State.


P. J. Chapman (September 20): Specimens received from Bi;-. J..-mton.
Large quantities of cuc-mberzs have been ruined for the last three
years.


CTTON (ALOhis oss i Glov.)
CCJTTONT P~iID (Auhis gossynii C-for.)


Indianva


-:ebrasa.


J. J. Davis (Sptem-aer 22): I'any reports of injury the past month
have been received from central and southern Indiana.

M. I'. Hiu. (Auust 25, T..e ::-3n aphid. has done severe injury to
some late plantin ; o:f melons about -1ufport.

i. H. S7-ek (Sspte3ter 3): Aside from the aster aphid and pea
aphid. the oly epa-cl. ouey CC." -:-m:. of during the month of
Aug-st 7-a. th1e :elcn aphid, and even of these the complaints were
much fewer than usual. No doubt the dry summer ras largely res-
,ponsible for this snill aro'OL-.t of avohid trouble.


SU'R-:E_ .:... (Lo:oste e sticticalis L.


Conn.ecticut


Geo. F. T7 l7to:- (September 5): 2eet web'orms are less numerous
in northern Utth this year and dooing less daae thn two years a0D.

3e LA Pg tButettix tetiella 3ayser)

Geo. F. 1zol0ton (Se -ote ber 5): Leafhoppers on beets are less numer-
ous now than earlier in the season. Often it is hard to find a
single specimen in fields badly d&m.aed v-ith curly-leaf. .:nMy
fields are being-. -loed up, and others are neglected because of the
dams .e_ frcm this disease. The Cornish sugr factory will not run
this year, aed probably others vill not. Aro-ond Garland the crop
of beets probably will be less than 7 tons rer acre where there is
a crop worth harv-stting.-
C 71 ElkY
BIAC-K S-7,LLO2-_AIL BUTTPRFLY (Papilio -ool:/xenes Fab.)
A. E. Wilkinson (Zeptember 22): This insect is reported attacking
celery. iere has been an increase in ab-lnd-nce as compared -with
last mcnth.


CCT- 77. A'PHID (Aphis gossy-ii Glov.)






SOUTHERN FIELD-CROP IN SECTS


COTTON

BULT. v I,,E7.L vf. ,;'..xan,.7,j. ,aJi Boh)


North Carolina


Beorgia


Mis sissippi


Louis iana







Oklahoma


North Carolina


F. Pa:ker ('.ohrtmber, Jo' >'.-.:,: bllf hai; were considered
safe are e-i,'her ,',.'rl to b,. pancr"',eJ. 0y' the weevil or
,h.cJ.r on accc'iat of excessive dro'.ght or ra.5.ns. Weevils
are said to te .oinig severe dar-agc to ;-: own boils.

O l. Ii F.'1p (:ptcember l5): Infestation is litcer than
'::-'2- in tAhe .tec ity of Fort Valley. Bot, dry weather is
pibhaps responsible,

V, C0 rlils (September 16): Weevi?.s are now d ?..ning bolls
that are fa'!Ily Laf-ron and in sc"e instances were noticed
where grown bo0.is containe_ one or -more grubs. Damage is
nothing like what might be expec-ed from experience during the
past few years.

G3o, Ao, aT.T'rr.n- (Autj.ist 'o0 ):i,.'ation of weevils during the
week of Aurb 3c ih-o fields in the vicinity of Greenville
threacnpc. c, J anatrab).e camago to a large acreage of cotton,
wh.&ich h "been r -a'ded -y dry % ea,,her e :n'Jil rains in early
iA''L pccOm.A e& ait ive growth aSiA frvitingo

R, I.rn (r.;.c .her 3): The boll weevil is not even
yet ab'anis, eroa.h teo be serious in most of the cotton fields
in th4s Sa-e ',haK. have come anadoe otr observation. There
have Le.. fier bull. weevils Uroiu .nout the entire season than
on sixmila.. daters oxrrg .revioils years, At present here and
there fields can 't;e 1c'aid where the infestation is quite
general but, as a nidle. the boll weevil has not been an
important factor in .ississippi this year.

Wo ., Hinds it 2L,): Small srrvival of hibernation,
tobc'hcr with the steady conti:":..,me of exceptionally hot
dry .7eather from ,J'cie I to the present time, has not only
coPtro)]. ed weevi. mu. tlp ica' :l.on but; h .s also seriously cut
the yQes. of c'ti-,n. i.n most of the State. Little poisoning
has bee requir, .., The crop of 1924. will, undoubtedly, be
under 400u.00 .L.ls

A, N. C:.--i.ol (S-,teTher 10): In Payne County I found the
boll weevil to be a very scacce insect, some of the natives
claimiry there were none3 tut there were a few present in a
field I s:w In the jr.e region they were very numerous
during the las few years.

COT.TOIT LEAJORM (Liavm-Ir argillacea Huebn.)

F. Shirman (September 1S): To date I have not received a
sin-le complaint or report of damage by it. they
Two of our workers found two specimens in Moore County which*<









-2S1-


Georgia


I1 inois


Tennessee


Mississippi


Arkansas



Loui s iana


j^^ed to be -zrvae of this spEcies. bit as they were not reared
or -Arserved even that record is s:71)ject to "reservation".
Lisa, ycar (] 923) tv'Acr the condi toiis then prevailing I did
ventLure to rei an outbreak aA d am gd I did. for it did
occur. With the i&n'crrr ti jr, from the surveyy", and my own accumula4-
t ion of coc,.<.... r..a wn r- ... covc r.Qary 24 yrs, I am
begiznnirg zo feel as if 1 ca.a s.mnetimes, and in some cases,
draw inferepcos ks to i.se-t probabilities which are better than
mere blind guess ork
B Me, '-idlis Se-tcmber 1): Said to be prevalent in the locality
around Hahni.ra.. too late torcause rmch damage.

J. DA, Mre (Septt-mber 5:. The cotton leafworm was abundant at
Hahira on September m I

So CC c1landler (Septeber): There is some infestation, but
gc-n,-rally not bae'., in the southern erd of the State,

Rb B. Ccad (Septimber 3): Western Tennessee counties are reported
as generally infested

R. 17. H-,rl-d ('Ajsot 21): We received o'ur first specimens of this
pest fr--o t-e Snc-.te for j.924 yesterday v. We received 6wo larvae
froin .rhi`ga C :a t. This ;s next to the Tennessee line. Today we
have received a telfogrn frorj Pf. J, W, Fox of Scott, which is
as follows:; "Coto; Wn ,..-.v.rm showed *up here t'enty,-fifth." Through-
out most of' the a i%-. c. ; s- ctton is so nearly mature that it will
not pay to pulson .i, t?.hA insect. There may be a few fields
where the coo is stbli fruitinig where it will pay to poison.

B. R,. Coad (? -..: b 3)in'- Fr cm Mississipi reports show all
status present in the -c lowing Cmounties: Benton, Jashington,
Bolivar. Dus:no "j:l.t.z ca-eJ.,i4.z arsenaPe for control has been
under wa, in the S':.;ate for about a vweek. Considerable damage
is probable from this nsect in many localities.

Re W,, Hxrncd (Sept) oeor IS): The cotrC,-.,:crrm has now made its
qppeara-1ce here ari. there throughout the State. in nbst fields
it has -cre. in v ,-" ..ll numbers bat probably some fields
are haL y te.'e d n the northern part of the State where
cotton is -i-iVl rI. g some poisoning has beon done to control
this insect.

Geo, A, Mal!oney (Spttrhbr 5): The co':nL"- agent in Mississippi
County reports .eaif'wcN 7-amring to cotton crop. The prospects
for a good crop are r'.om..s.ing if leafwocmn infestation is controlled.
,, D. Hunter (A"cust 26): DBrig the last few days the cottonworm
has been reported in this State form Obrovcp,'rt and. Tallulah.








-282-


Louisiana and
Missour i



Missouri




Arkansas


W. nB Hinds (August '28)3 have just received reports of the
occurrence of the genuine Al.abarra argillacea at Arcadia,
Bienville Parish, northern Loui.siana, and Bunkie Alexandria,
Rapides Parish, central Louisiana. These worms are now somewhat
more than one-half grown and dust for their control is being
applied. This is an addition to Mr. Hunters Madison Parish
report on August 25, (August 28): First of worms reported as seen
about August 15 in Madison, Bienville, and Rapides Parishes by
a. county agent. Some poisoning is under way in northern
Louisiana. Worms are up to full grown in the central part of the
State. (September 5): Torms are scattering at Baton Rouge.
:To racing yet seen or reported here. Worms are from one-half
to fully grown. No poisoning is likely as picking is well
advanced,
B, R, Coad (September 3)s f)r. Hinds reports -orms active in
Bienville and Rapides Parishes. Madison Parish infestation is
scattered but general. There is little doubt but that the
infestation is general and spreading throughout this State, though
generally scattered.

Geo, A. Maloney: Under date of September 1.5 Dr. W. BE. Hiuds
writes: '.Oot'-cwo rn moths from the second generation are just
now emerging at 3atoo Rouge. Cotton is putting on considerable
top grfc',ith and in some cases there is a small possibility of
some top crop, because 'of boll weevil control through extreme
heat and drought, I doubt, though, whether planters will dust
this year for the cottoiwcim even to save a small top crop.

Geo. A, Maloney (Septenber 6): Leafwviorrm rJported as of September
1 in the following Parishes of Louisiana: Bogsger-, Caddo,
Bienv.lle, Lao"orne Jackson" !i.-tchitoches, and Vernon. Re-
ported in 5.ssissippi, Scolt, and Pemiscott Counties, Missouri,

Geo. A .',_:'oney (September 5): Specimens of full-grown larvae
of this pest were received today from Marston, New MTadrid
County, with advices that they were numerous in cottn fields
of that Coultyo

B3, R, Coad (Sept,!,al- 3): Reports from this State indicate that
all steaes are present in the following Coumties; Miller,
Jefferson, Fa'lkEaer. Wrhitle. Independence, Jackson, and Lawrence.
Dusting with calcilmn arsenate for control has been under way
in this 'late for the i.'--v ten days. Considerable damage is
probable from this insect in many localities.

Dwight 1eCely (Auvast 26) To date we have collected or received
specimens of the cotc.i-o'.rm from the following Co aYaf: miller,
Scott, Conway, Faii3kner. Pulaski, Lincoln, Rflidolph, Lonoke, and
Washington, indicating that the insect is well distributed over
the State. In a few instances injury may occur to very late
cotton.



















K:ancas






Texas






Haiti


Mississippi


R, 7. :Mitrnie (J'agrist 25): I have todayreceived some specimens
of full-grown larvae -and. of this insocc from Lepano4o,
Poinseit County. I have not yet this year scn *a specimen. of this
insect that was collected in Mississippi *

We D, Hunter (.Au.-rsit 25)- During the last few days the cottonworm
has been reporteo.'in this State from Newport, Yucik'.rnan,
Batesville, Searcy, Conay, and Pincbluff, the infestation being
apparc.itly much heavier than in Texas.

J. 17. :..cCollocb (September 2): Specimens of the larvae and
pupa' of the cotton'7orm "7cre received from Chetopa w-ith the
information that they had caused considerable defoliation,
(September 20)-: The larvae have.pr, ctically defoiatd a small
experimental field of cotton on the experiment station farm at
I'Tanlat.tan

17 D. Hunter justut 26): Daring the last few days the cotton"orm
has been r.rpoirted in this State at SLnonULon, Col2u.mbs,, Bastrop,
Dallas and Celina,

3. R,. Coad. (September 3): A general spread of this insect is
reported b7 Dr, H-unter throughout this State.

Geo, N, Wolcott. (Sopte:iber 3)' There was an outbreak of Alabama
caterril]l'ns "neaL U;aives in Ju2y and they generally seem much
more aburdar-t than they were in Porto Rico,

10C'-O PI (^"raijs _q i.-iJJ GI ov.)

R. W7 Harnod (Septeufber 1')-: Laiother rn._Tsstirg entomological
feature of the s,_mnmer of i224. has uOS.e.2 thI.- urnus-al ab',ird'nce of
the cotton apnhd throahout narv count'.es in this State, Although
w7e usually do not Oxpe."t the plarint-.lice to be abundant during
periods 'of hot, dry weather, these insects have been unusually
abuindant this year. M0any farmers, wi'h long years of experience,
have informed me that }.l-, have never seen the plant-lice so
numerous before, expecially during the latter part of the summer
after the cotton was mat-re, or nearly mature. Recently Mr. H.
M1, Harris, -formerly of this State, b"ut now of the Iowa State
ColP-.2. .A'" U spont a'out two weeks inspecting cotton
field in var-c' parts of L.:slssipi A part of his report was
as follow s. Y. fcuotfipg a iargP part of the State for the
cotton ea.. the riter has had occasion to
observe the p:rZ'.. "e of g.'ea n "i-s of lice on the foliage
and in some cases even on tU-e bsms of the cotton. This would
apDe'r to be nrauaual. especially in view of the fact that the
weather has been unfavorable for ap hids, due to the extended
drought and high temiperat-ares, In all fields lady-beetles of
several species have been found in rumberz,."


CCTrC:I1 K3D SPID::. (Tetranvchus telarius L.)


Mississippi


R. W, Harned (September 13): More r,:.iplajnts have been received
during the lastbtwo months in regard to red spider injury than
during any of the last 17 summers. Most of these complaints







-2S4-


Arkansas


have been in regard to the damage that the red spider is
causing to cotton. A large proportion of these complaints
Iave come from the northwestern part of the State, Some
complaints in rc-nrd to red spider injury have. however been
received from almost all sections of Mississippi. Most of the
plants that le have received that were infected with red
spiders have been cotton plaits, but this is due to the
importance of cotton as a crop, Among the other plants that
have been received are p-ivet, begonia, violet, dalhlia, grape,
lilac, bean, kudzuV hydrangea, and angbl trumpet. Many other
plants were probably inJured.

Dwight Isely (A1gust 26): There is a rather serious outbreak
of the red spider on cotton in northeastern Arkansas, including
::'ssissippi, Craighead, Poinsett, Cross, Crittenden, St Francis,
Lee, and Phillips Counties.


COTTON FLEA (Psallus rr.,.tu Roeut.)


Mississippi


V R, W, Harned (September IS): I am glad to report that, although
we have done some careful scouting throughout many parts -of the
State, we have been unable to find the so-called cotton flea,
If this pest occurs in the State it has certainly not been
ab'udant dor.'tng tahe last sic eeLs..


zz U y Paii7ORM (PectJmjfciora Jqjla Saund,)


Haiti


Geo, No WVelcctt (Scpenber 3): The pink bollworm of cotton
is at Port ai-*?-.nce ard throughout the Cul de Sac Valley,
extending to arind including every locality where cotton is
grown in San-o Dcmirgoo I dcnHt know how much more extensive
its distribution is in Haiti.


AI 'E ... : (... poria L epl E :ra i s Fab )


Georgia


J+ D.I More (.26gast 26). Some fffcoyplaints have been received
concerning this insect damaging cotton.


CCTTCN CUOT7OR-M ('odenia ornithog alli Gu.en.)


Mississippi


Mississippi


R. W arned (September 19)" The cotton-boll cutworm was
-reccived irom abouc a dozen different counties, most of them
in the ncr Tmr'ex hal.f of the State. However, this insect has
been reporters frUa all p.'rts of the State.


R. W. Harnedl (September 1I): Te-c garden webworm attracted
a great deal of-attention during JCuy, espec5.al3y in the
northwestern iart of the State, We received a number of
reports where several acres of cotton had been completely
defoliated by this insect. The only cultivated plants injured,
according to reports received at th.mooffice, -ere cotton -
aand alfalfa, a


G_ -j7-..,i, ... t'. CP- (xi st stm smiaal is Guen.)









A CP4ICK, (Aurofryvlus In rt icus DeG.)


Mis sissippi


R W7. Harned (July 25): A report of June 24 from Kokomo states:
"They are very bad on cotton in some pl.aces. They resemble
the common black cricket lut they are light brown in
color. They cut down the stalk, cut it )up into pieces and
cary"i et --'to e- r h-e' (s These h e -o 2 or 3 inches
into thie suboil and are L. c--; or 2 inches in diametncer
at the bottom. Cne rian caaght (t;' di-_*,ing out) about 3300
in his cotton on second year s -and," furtherher report on
July 19 states: "'There are cometirbes as high as 30 or 40 of these
ycun.-T in one hole. Ac T stated before, they are a serious
pest to cotnir., 1eatc.' .ie; h* e stiks, cutting off bolls that
are pr' ctically 1groP.,n 2'ce the cotton has become so
toujh they are not so bad, confining their work to tee tender
parts of the leaves."


BLA:- I2S (Eel iothni.s fasciatus Perg.)


Cal ifornia


Louisiana


Haiti


Louis iana


T, (September ): vsi..ig the office of the
county: hor: iultura, com:n-iissio :er at -'- sia a cotton erocr
bc: c_:-. .: inpanits bo,'Ly r'r._.ied and >ifc,--t 'by th-ese thrips.
About 10 acres s ,ere reported as dest-ryed The attack is
appareztl limited to individuals ie".d(o

SUJG&R CATE

5J3 R-CJ:n 3=O.. (Diaraea. saccharal is cra.mbi.doides Grt.)

E,, i Hinds (August 27): The attack on corn was more common
than on cane early in the season but rare even on corn,. The
attac ona cne in the southern half of the State has not
devcolG-c*, as us.:-a1 to date. Borers ,vere very bad in 1923.

.SATO .C ,:I7i-0 C.. CATPILL:,. (Ca_ ioto -r cIe!a l l athy)
Geoo :T, > ott (ptmber 3) The Santo Domingo cane cater-
pillar seems quite rare in H.:ai,

F 0 R E 3 T A T D S H A D E -T E E. I N S E C T S



P =IODICAL CICADA (Tibicina septendecim L.)

. : Eind- (A~ugst 23): Periodi_:al cicadas appeared in the
northern part of the State, probably covering East Carroll,
West C.r-I..o, r 1,orehouse, (II sc n, ens, Fran :lin, and
Richland Parishes (although reports are not complete or
positive) in ::ay and continued until. into June.. In many
localities they were ext-er-ely abundant, the -;round under
some trees being marked .-ith a dozen or more burrows per square
foot. Have not received any complaint of their damage to
trees, bat this must have occurred in due process.











A CIOADA (i ibicen resonan:s Walk.)


Fl orida


New Jersey


Ohio


Indiana


Utah


Ohio


B. L. Boyden-(Septemher 06) On August 31 I was passing Plant
Parcamnpa, near the Lafayette Street brid-e, I heard a
noise above the traffic which sounded.. as nearly as I can
describe it, like a g-ea, number of sleigh bells ringing, the
same tone and rhTyiin! It semsd. to come from the oaks in the
Park, On i-.vestigation I fo-nd pupal cases of cicrA-s attached
to every tree and telephone post in and adjoining the park.
In the ground I found nunerouas emergence holes, I saw none of
the insects themselves as they all .. s:.rcd to be in the upper
branches of the trees, have passed this park every day during
the sujrmmer and the 3. *;as ,;he first day on which I noticed
the cicadas. Several day.- since X have passed and have not
heard th;rm' About 11 a. m. on a svnny day finds them most
active, or noisy perh.-pz. (September 20): Under separate cover
I am sending an unmounted cicada taken at .Alafia, a small town
about 7 miles south of Tampa. There was an outbreak in that
vicinity similar to the one already reported in Tompa.

W1T1 1,-. U:.OCK-MOTH (lem.rocampa leuco^,i7'na S. & A.)

R, Ba Lott .September 2;): In some sections in the City of
Trentc.n,trees, especially silver maple, are entirely defoliated
and at this late date trees are "..:... new growth. Trunks of
trees are covered with egg masses.

E :ra- denhall (September 6): The maples, sycamores, and
many other shade trees in Columbus are badly infested by this
insect. '1'.y people are alarmed.

J. Jo Davis (September 22): ':Iny inquiries have been received
from cities in central and northern Indiana.

Geo, F* Lnovlton (September W): Vhite rarked tussock-moths
are injuring corns horse chestnut trees in Togan and 'armington,.
The trees are nearly stripped of folia:-e.


BAGWCHRM (lhyriloptery: e c.formis Haw.)


Ee W. MIr,'denhall (August 29): Street and park trees in
ColuDibus are very badly infested with the bagworrm,, especially
maples, bxel-ders, etc, (Septembter 6): ",a-pe, boxelder, and
many other trees are badly infested with the bagworm which
is causing much concern in Columbus.

T, He, Parks (September 5): The bagworm has been ro.ch mere
abundant than usual this summer and has da.Tiged evergreen
plantings, soft maple, and shrubs. The insect is being received
only from the southern hcif of the State. Cedar, arborvitae,
and soft maple are reported rT.ost commonly attacked.










Bo A. Gossard (September 20): The basketworm is very prevalent
over southern Ohio and. is ro,7 found northward to the Lake, though
in former years we did not expect to find it much north of
Columbus.

Indiana J. J, Davis (Spptember 22): The bag-orr is again quite abundant
and destructive in southern Indiana.

Kentucky H. Garman (September): The sackworm is exceptionally destructive
just now to cedar and other evergreens in parks and on I17'ns.
It is causing many trees to look as if they were killed.

M:ississippi R. Wo Harned (Septe-nbe:- .S): The bagworm was especially serious
during July and August on cedar and arborvitae. Practically all
of the complaints have come from the northern half of the State.

Kansas J, W. McColloch (September 20): Numerous reports of bag;worm
injury continue to come in from eastern Kansas. The principIk
damage has been to evergreens although in a few cases hard
maple and boxelder have been attacked.

Oklahoma A N,. Caudell (Septe.ber 10): In F'ynme County I found bagworms
almost completely defoliating evergreen trees and some dead
ones were said to be have bern killed by such defoliation.

AN OUL '40TH

Germany Douglas Miller (Uc S, Trade Commissioner) (August I4): The
month of July has been a grad-aal checking of the devastation
in German forests by the small night-flying moth described in
Trade Note No. 636 of July 24. It is now considered that the
most of the damage has been done and that no further ravages
of the pest will be felt this year. There is also hope of saving
some of the trees that have not been severely affected.
A caref-ul survey of the districts where the pest has been
most active shows three main areas. The first one is in East
Prussia in the country around ALlenstein; the second stretched
south and east from Frankfurt on Oder; the third is in Pomerania
from Stettin to Stargard. There are no later estimates of the
amount of timber that will have to be cut and placed on the
market this year. It is agreed that it will be a very large
quantity and "Till severely depress the already weak lumber market.
Prussian State authorities are making arrangements to give
credit to buyers of state,-wned timber so that they will be able
to pay for their purchases over a whole season. In some quarters
a report has been spread that the lumber cut on this account
will be affected by the pest and will not be up to standard. This
is vigorously denied by the State foresters who claim that the
pest merely sucks the sap from the needles of the fir trees but
that this can not have any affect on the wood itself.
STATE- Ay
PLANT J30A














7lassachusetts


BIGH LE2 F.K-ETOTIZ`IiR (3uccuat rix c .er-iTella Charmb.)

A. I. Bourne (September 26): Still on the increase in
Massachusetts. A thorough survey of the entire State by
Drg Fernald and ..'re-f indicates that practically all
birches in the State are stripped.


S37;TLY (Fenusa rm:-ila :Mug)


Connecticut


W". E. Britton (September 15): Adults reared from gray
birch and sent to Mr, S. A'. Rohwsr who identified it as
the European Fenusa iM2mila, Klug, not known to occur in this
country. Dr, Felt has observed it in New Yorkl State and
has collected material. Reported ,from Hartford, WVindsor,and,
Krew Haue n


CATALPA SFH'H'_I;:: (Cerator4.a cataltae Boisd.)"


0 hio


H4 A. Gossard (Septemoer 20):' The catalpa sphinx has been
quite numerous over 2-jt.iprn Ohio, doing rather severe
daniag to catalpa plantings where the acreages are of any
size.

J. J. D>vis (Septer-ber 22): The second brood of catalpa
sphinx caterpillars is very abundant and causing considerable
defoliation of catalpa trees.


Irndiana


ELI. E2AF-oE1 TL2 (Gal erucella luteola Mull.)


New York



Cal ifornia


C. R. Crosby (A t gust 23): A report from I-ting-on-Hudson
states: '"There are as many as 100 on one curtain." '"-here
the beetles are in a house.

California WNeely ITews Letter, Vol. 6, :To. 1I (September 6):
Some weeks ago a severe infestation of a destructive pest
to elm trees in some sections of the city of Fresno was
re-ported. Specimen-s were secured and sent to T. D. TUrbahns,
who r -'c:,'ted this pest to be the imported elm leaf-beetle.
At the mre-sent time the infestation has spread over about
go blocks in the City of Fresno and has also been reported
from some of the surrounding towns.
The Frssno City Council has purchased two high-por:ered
spray rigs '7hich have been in operation for several days, and
the County of Fresno 7ill oper-te similar high-pressure
spr -y outfits on the treos in the court house park and
other countr.- property.



















Oregon


Nebraska


EUROPEA7 MM SCALE (Gcspa: a ,ir Ia .c'ceer)

Geot. F. Znowlton (September 5)' Still receiving reports of
damage from the European elm scale. It is present on elms
wherever they are not carefully trealtd.,

EL. iPHID (Mvzocall is ulmifol i Monell)

Sadie Eo Keen (Septenber 5): Hdneydew in great quantities on
sidewalk and paved street at Forest Grove; also hordes of "yellow
jackets" attracted by these aphids.



H C:'3I RY BUD-GALL (Pachpsyla celtidis-.e"^r Eiley)

.'0 H. Swenk (Septanber 5): The uinmstl number of complaints from
counties in western Nebraska of heavy infestations of hackberry
leaves with the hackberry nipple gall, produced by PL..c ;.3'liL
celtidis-ge-nma Riley, mentioned in my last report, continued
to come in during the e:.rly part of Augusto


LOCUST -LOCUST ( pus dsali Thub.)
LCS .,T-,..,I,..",,, (Chn~mu dorv~lis Thunb. )


H. A. -ossard (September 20): Among the more striking occurrences
may be mentioned the prevalence of the locast hispa in southern
Ohio. Nearly all the locust trees have been so injured that they
display a bro-h foliage distinguishable for a half-mile distant.
This dage is so general that practically all locust trees are
involved.
MAPLE

.OOLLY ,APLE-LA SCALE (Phenacoccue acericola King)

Herbert Osborn (September 1S): Specimens of the maple Phenacoccus
have been received from Ironton with a report of damage to maple
trees in that vicinity,.

A LiPID0CFTIT (Paraclemensia acerifoliella Fitch)


Ohio


CC R. Crosby (September 15):
Copenrfg-n. (September 13):
infested at Fern-ood.


Specimens were received from
A large sugar maple bush badly


OA:_K


OAK ViEBV;cRM (Cacoecia fervidana Clem.)


Michigan


R. H. Pettit (September 9): The oak ugly nest tortricid
is present in lesser numbers in the region about West Branch,
in the Ogemaw forest. The insect to which I refer is Archips
fervidana,


.Tew York









-290.-

W. LiI I 'G;c ST ICK (D ja trcm.':-- femrrata Say)


ias sachusetts





ich igan '


firgiiia


Michigan


GZINTE AL


Ais I* Bourne (September 2E): e hra'e La4 complaints of common
l.',1i:2 sticks from c-eral points in the ?'tc-e Tncy have
been reported as attacking oak and hare also been coI.ected
from raspberry. Report's e-stsnd from the Connectic,'t River
Valley as far Fast as Ucrcester.

R, H, Pettit (September 9): I wish to state an unusual attack
on scarlet oak at West Branch, in the 0j.-''' foret- ., reopu-ted
by the State forester, who bscught in a large nmzler of common
wa:kingsticks. He ierDoried that the attack was in spot', certain
areas of as much as 3--acres being entirely defoliated,

OAK SP.:C-&L:S (Cecidom.ia nocutm 0. S.)

NI Rex Hunt (aug.st 25): The galls on Ognrus s-,. collected
near Clarendon, have been detr-ri.nod by 1) 3. Yo-ung ( in the
absence of Dr Felt) as C-C-5,1r po!',Liirc0ES.


WHITE.2-J17Tc WET-7IL (Ps.cdes -trobi Peck)


?ugenia M cDaniel (l.1s 25): The white-pine evill is working
in great nlambe- ir:. the ..c: pine forests in and about Alperna.
av of the eaiey^ '-v.h been ki1l ed back and injury in general
i:s re-oorted Iby our field men in that region,

P 3:i Z BAR LOUSE (-hIr rjnicortcis Fitch)

Herbert Osborn (Septar.ber 19).: Specimens of the pine bark
louse were received fli-om Por:'siouth, indicating a rather
severe infestation of this insect in that local.ity.

PiNE-LEAF SCALE Chitais 1nifjlia.e Fitch)

Herbert Osborn (September 19)" Specimens of the pine-leaf scale
were received from Portsmouth., indicating a rather severe
infestation of this insect in that jocality.

LOD,2CLE P7%B N 7..FY A D L "' -3 E' (kc -_-ies.u.ndet^erminteii)

F. r. Cr.hcad (Scptember 30), Two unknown insects have
cuddcriy becc-me epidemic in the I.L'3i.con rational Forest and
Yellowstone National Park in the vicinity of West Yellowstone.
These in-ects were firs% noted in 1920 on an area of about 1
square mlle.. Since then they have spread over 100 square
miles and nearly eveiy |ree ia dead on about 30 miles. A similar
outbreak cf the sawfly inot accompanied by the leaf-tyer occurs
in the Payette Tational Forest.










LODGEFOIL FIIjZ -,DLB-MINER (RLcu'.-,iria milieri Busck)
GERAL F. Crsghead (September 5C): Th. lodgepcle pine needle-miner
which has been in great abundance for the rast 10 tears in the
lodgepole stands in the surrounding Tuolumne Meadows of the
Yosemite Iational Park shows considerable reduction this year. Already
approximately 50 per cent of the lodgepole has been killed but there
appears to be a chan-e for the recovery of the remainder with the
decline in numbers of this defoliator.

JiCK PP7'E S.-TYLY (Species undetermined)

:innesota F g, Craighead (SeptEmber 30): Dr. So A. Gra,.om reports the jack
pine sawfly outbreak which has been doing a great amount of injury
over an enormous area of northern Minnesota has received a severe
setback this past yeur. E::tremely high mortality occurred in the
larval st'-,_e during the past season.



SOUP. GUM C^S-CLS (imtisnila nyssaefoliella Clem.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (September 26): This insect was collected from sour
gum trees at lorcester September 20, Later it was also found at
Amherst. In the latter case practically every leaf was infested.

SPPUCJJ

SPRUCE BZE"OF.RM (Fa-,molo-a fumiferana Clem.)

GE %-TAL F. C,. Craighead (September 30): The infestation of the spruce
bud uorm in the Yellowstone :Titional Park which has been progressing
for the past 10 years still shows no signs of abatement. It is
gradually enlarging the area originally infested and now has
covered an area of about 15 square miles on parts of which at
least 90 per cent of the timber is dead. On the Payette National
Forest, Idaho, an extensive outbreak of the spruce budworm has
developed within the past two years. Many square miles are now
infested but just how extensive the outbreak is has not been
determined at present. It is very probable that large portions
of the great mountain mass of central Idaho are at present attacked.
In New Mexico, on the Carson and Santa Fe National Forests, the
spruce budworm has also been reported and specimens have been
received corroborating these reports. How extensive the damage
is has not yet been determined.

SPRUCE GALL tPHID (Chermes abietis L.)

''ew York Geo. M. Codding (Auiigust 20): The spruce bud louse is common and
is found in general throughout the county to be doing considerable
damage. The aphids that are commonly found in Westchester County
are Chermes abietis, attacking Yorway spruce.


C. R. Crosby (August 50): Infested twigs received from Utica.







-29?-


(C IU l ::) C -T.J3 "';-- C ( 'L, 3I 11 7ILLTTE


New York


Ore -on


Louisiana


Geo, 11, Coddtng ,September II): The spruce bud Ic-v.se is
common anm is fornd in general throughout the c^xLy to be doing
ontizdera bie o a: e, T'.d aiids tbha% arr cormmn.-y, fond in
Tiestchecter Cc'. ..ty c..e c' . .. .
attacking blue spruce,.

C. R, Cro-7,, (Septcobgr 4): Practically every blue spruce in a
park: at Middle town infested.



(ffi>HJ Q GILL....gg_ CO0LEY GILIZTE B

L. P. P.oc.'-;ood Septe,.iber 3): Have been very nv-erouis for the
past three or fur -i on Psrni,,- ,,o. d.ci1.iaqi.2i at Forest
Grove. The leaves are coated s.'L 3cn,-:j.e and the sid-':alks
under the trees are discolored. Not not ed as numerous in the
last few years.

SJYCA7[CRE

A I.-12 '- (orlt~uha cJ.iai^ Saty)

H, K. Plank and assistants (Seperr'mber 23): G-enerally distributed
over iew Orleans and very ab-adant on Pltdtanrs o.ccidentalis,
determination made by Ti. Lo VMcAee.


; L (' LL ( p


Nebraska


lTcbraska


. T H 7 Swernk (Septeoibrn: 3) The w.1lo:w trees in Dakota County
,VTX conc.derably defo].itted durti' the senfrid week in August
by this pest.

IN SE CT S AT T CZIN G EEIT HO USE

A 0 7 ORNAM ENT AL PL A NT S
*AST.R .

ASTIE APHID (inurar2hjs mip.-letonii Thomas)

:, H, v,-ck (Septe'be;- 3): A case of serious injury to aster
plants by the aste.r aphid was reported from Custer County,


BOX_,OOD LEAF-MI!M (-pars rthrc. ^-us bixi Labou.)


Iebraska


C. R. Crosby (Septemrnber 4): Infested leaves of bo:,-ood were
received from Tipper :.Inntclair.






-293-


Cr`t-4MYRTLE APHID .... '.s sp)


Mississippi



Louisiana


Louisiana


H, K,,. Plan (,TiLiv 19): Couad find icne of these aphids on
.crepe .1 a' ......i C: axT S. 'i :.i ) l at C2..1,.1 .
which showed -vidernce of having "o-en ratLLi heavily infested.

H. K, Plank and assistants (JU.y 23-.-S',z-lmber l1): The
infestation on La-:-- .r.mi. a -...: is decreasing considerably
at New Orleans, due ve.'y likely to the activities of predators,
chiefly the "twice-stabbed" lady-beetle. ,,,s very abundant.
On Septznber 2 a fe-7 alate and aptercus forms could still
be seen on -The underside of the newer leaves in scattered
sections of the city. Septemberr l_) Cc: .1.ions about like
those on September 2. (September 9): Cr.a tree orly. out of a
large number ,as found to hav'e besn infe-ctsd on the grounds
of Glen Gordon Farm at Covingcn- and t e had oy a few
cn, n d "n;, oue had on~ly a f.ew
apterous and alate forms on tne n-:er leaves on sprouts about
the base,


A LACE-BUG (7oaithqcha mv :orta Uhl er)

ER Foster (Septc-mber 23)- Severe y distributed throughout
New Orlcncm a-.d er _c--,aj.y bad on neg.letcd cry,'-'an'Therum
plants, ThdcVc':. .:itata var,.


SUTTFLOWR U', Q.L (Fdlobaenus L-. ctat.us 111,)


Kansas


Ind iana


Louisiana


J& W McColloch (Seprtember 20): This species has caused
considerable damage to dailias in two nurseries at Leavenworth,

mn-]:

WThRORMS (Elateridae)

J. J. Davis (September 22): Reports of injury to peonies'.at
Decatur on Acgust 27. No specimens were received,,
Zj~tT..;2S',,_T.j.

CCTTONf CUSHION SCALE (.. r r E asi. :,:sk.)

W D. .7.-itcomb (Sepntember 23)- Generally abundant at 11aw
Orleans on t.''4.2'!r)K-2 _'J:-c._ in the gardens of this 8ity.
Has been La,_esfuiy conIro.led by fumigation under tent
with Hydrocyanic acid gas l--3 formu2.a, for 1 hour atrrate
of 1 oz. av-. to !00oo c'uoic feet, when two treatments are
given about two weeks apart.















Utah


Louis iana


ROSE LEAFHOPPJR. CTy l t-i'. r-sa9 L,)

Geoe Fo Knowlton (SeptemLer 5); Rose b'ushes:iin Logan damaged
by the leafhoppers, which are nimereous,,



'2i.:s-2TcEs AK:'TI:C*TA 1^LD.

H. K. Plank (July 30):; Vbry abundant about flowers and plants
in gardens and dooryards at New Orleans. (>ucember 1S):
Still present on verbena and wild morning-glory, but decreasing
somewhat in abundance,


INSECTS AFFECTING MAN


A IT DND


DOMESTIC ANIMALS



DOG JJXA (_C' ; ,o,-rl.I -L c.aniS Bouche)


Nebraska


M. H. S. ern: (September 3): Several cases of severe infestation
of houses, barns, and staboles with the dog flea were reported
during August,


INSECTS INFESTING HOUSES

AND PR E M I S E S

AREi7ilE AD T r.,vr' ._ilJis Mayr).


Mississippi



CORR EC'T ION







Kansas


M. R, Smith (August 25): Duae to the drought the Argentine
antshavo given less trouble to date then in -ny of the last
three summers.

M. R. Sm2i.th (Arust 25): In th Vol. 4, No. 4, July 1 number
of the Lisect Pest Su-rvey Bulletin, on page 149, I notice
Itta 3ena, :..I.ss, was given as A.ta Bena, which is of course
incorrect. The figures I gave refer to the percent of control
obtained and not to the cost,

A T-'z:ITZ (Pot .culitermes flavipes Kol)

J. W :'cColloch (Septsrnb1r 20); Termites have seriously
damaged the -oow-ork in a house at Russell, The oak woodwork
in a house at Manhattan was da.na.ed to the extent that it had to
be torn o'at. In reaching the woodwork the termites came up


-294-
















Nebraska


through 2 feet of stone foundation. The cement between the stones
was poor and the teim..tec corstruacted. their rvn-r'us throup-h this.
It is in er stI.ng to note that the termi.tes avoided the pine
studding and. sheeting,

A TR;.:ITI (i + iirmar. rs+ t '-b iai1I Banks)

M, H. Swenk (September 3): n crand :s.lnd. fal County, the
termite RotcUiirMe J t2,;ial was foa'sn2 to have so serio-asly
injured a residence that r-any of the joints and most of the
flooring and window casings had. to be r .--I dur"'n A'ugst.
This illfestation was of three yea-s standing. T-o or three
other residences in the neighborhood were also more or less
injured by this pest. The same pest was found destroying geraniums,
coleus, begonia, and other plants in the greenhouse at the
State lei !ept ?rj at Lincoln3


A TRTI:TE (l1lotermes -,"-.-ni-rennis Latr.)


Louisiana


H. K. Plank (September 20): Winged adults of this t~n-pte were
collected in a residence at New' C oeans by Zames Zetek and the
writer on July 4, at which time considerable damage bo the under
timbers of a house was reported by the owner.


CIG&-ETS 3.EETLE (LTaife-ma se-ri.-irne Fab.)


Kansas


J- 1- zcColloch (Sectember 20): Beetles of this species were
taken at Topeka Li large numbers in flax straw used for stuffing
up-ho st ered fur 'i u' e


EUROPEAN EAMTJIG (Forficula auxicularia LI.)


Oregon


P. D, Sergent (September 6): First noted at A~hland attacking.
tose. Damage is very light.


CO.USE.D FLOUR iE1'.LE (T 'boliumi ccnfiurer Duv.)


Kansas


A CCRRECTI017


J W,7 McCooloch (Septemrber 20): Aults of this species were
received from Norton with the informatiion that they were
abundant in a bin of sweet-clover seed.

TOTES mRO. ThE ,.ZD... HORTICULTLj;L BOPD, '''- Tr:BP. 20,1924.

The last lIne on page 257. Vol. 4, No. 65 September 1 number
of the ?s. ec- Pv.t' ur'ey Bulletin, is incorrect, as this
species is known from Penn.s-lvania, ,District of Columbia,
North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Iowa, Texas,
New :/le.ico, Arizona, and California.

A* -7i R3EFT IOT S .
Mexican oranges rere found in shipTs stores on board a tank
steamer from Tampico, :.:exy.co, at T.m-pa, Fla., by a collaborator
of the Board. Examination showed that one of these oranges


-295-





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

_^qC3 1;262 09244 5690


was infested by larvae which were identified as Mexican orange
r-. .ot s fa sJ e ha Iuderns Loev.) A box of 71-'ican oranges
7was also found ii the stores of an oil tanker which arrived
at Ne- Orlec.ns from Tamplco, Mexico, Agaust 25. They were
destroyed,

Larva of the Mediterranean fruit fly (C&ratitis capitata Wied.)
7as taken from an orange in shLpic stores of a Spnlsh steamer
arriving at Tampa, Fla.. from Spain via !hzrt Cuba. The origin
of the infested material, so far as could be ascertained, was
Malaga, Spain. Inspectors at San Pedro, Calif.,found specimens
of this pest in coffee berriies from Fawaii1

The import mncc add necessity for careful inspection of passengers!
b'b 'e on vessels from Hawaii is thoroughly demonstrated by the
follo-ing report received from California: The SS. Enterprise,
from Honolulu, arrived in -ua-. -ntine at San Francisco on the
morning of August 24th. In the ba.c'.e of a Portuguese passenger,
there was found a tobacco can containing avocrdomhrgo, and
papaya seeds in which a species of weevil was present. The most
important feature of this interception, however, was the finding
of several live larvae of the Iledliterr-nean fruit fly in the
Smell amount of stringy palp adhering to the mango seeds. Upon
Arrival of the vessel at the dock, the trunk and contents were
retained on board and subjected to fumigation for a period of
24 hours.

A dangerous weevil, Fe'i s Der-re-e Barber,has been collected
frequently of late in avocados from Mexico at El Paso, Tex. Jt
has also been reported in the same host from Mexico at Brownsville,
Tex.,and Nogales, A izo,

Since the last letter of information was issued, reports have been
received of the following interceptions of larvae of the West
Indian fruit fly (Anastreoha fraterculus Uied,) at New York:
Found once in mangoes fror Cuba; seven interceptions in mangoes
from Jamaica, and twice in mrrngoes from Porto Rico. The same
insect is reported from Philadelphia as follows: Taken three
times from ra. -oes from Jamaica, and three times from sapodillas
from Jamaice.

:!an7oes fror. Mexico were found as infested with larvae of
Anastreola ludenr, Wied,., at E1 Paso, Tex. ,July 12, 1924, and at
Laredo, T-.-, "u",e 24, 1924. This insect was also taken from
peaches from L1exico, at Brownsville, Tex., July 23,19241 and
from sweet lines from Mexico at Laredo, Tex., August 2g,1924.
A thrips (PT:C.2 ,vi's atratus Hal,) was collected on castor bean-
from Englar.d at 3oston, July 14,1294, This is a very common European
thriisand is not yet recorded from rTorth America. No foreign thrips
are desirable as they are very destructive insects.
An elaterid (A7ri.otes lineatus L.) -as intercepted at Philadelphia
in potatoes from Swedeni. This beetle is a-well known pest in Europe
on corn and other :-iains and it is nell to keep a check on its
possible introduction.