The Insect pest survey bulletin

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00155

Full Text
- - ---- ----- ---- ---- .. ....











THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

B U L L E T I N



A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States,
issued on the first of each month from April to November, inclusive.



















Volume 4 August 1, 1924 Number 5


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

U N I T E D S T A T E S

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE A N D

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

A G E N C I E S C 0 0 P E R A T I N G





A
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013











http://archive.org/details/insectl924aug












IN SECT PEST SUfRVEY BULLET I T



Vol. 4 Aai~s t 1 19124 Yo. 5


OTJTSTMC2,DING KOMO.1iLOGI-A13 FIA:Jn I T:L TN::LED F:A: F JULY, 1924


The armyworm outbreaks reported in the la!-st nicrof the Bultnadvanced northward dur ng the month,. de-velop- ng most seriously '!y i n the northern third Of Illinois and southern 7iisconsin. In Ohio and iziCiana the darag seems to be less severe.

Outworms contirnled to I e an outstandi If-, ', re of the nmo~ 0 c cn editions over practical., the en'tir-e coiuitry e:te;in fro,,L liine to '4-e7,~cao

The grasshopper situation on the -,hole does not seem to be as serious as usual.

The Hlessian fly in msorInaiana, eri ~~i~nis threaten ing. In
Kansas, o, ing to the very dr~y viecLe:. the -j >~ u~ oiant3 by the Hessian fly is believed to have been advanta,-ous to the er-D-.

The chinchi buag is general l ess troub' le-erie than usual in the eastern parts of its range, but very seiiouz in U_.eb-_raska and Hansas.

The stalk bor"er is -re-oort-d as -en--rall y numn2roiis in Ne.7 England and in the Ohio River States, and reports of da ,z.e aloo have coefrom I-Kan7,as arnd INebras!ka.

Report has been re.civcd that this -promises to be the .7orst codling moth year ever recorded in WJashin-&on Sce .e.

The Oriental fruit moth has been foun'. in n-umerous rlcsin the southeastern states.

The cherry f ruit-fly cont;Inues troublesome in parts oft Oregon and a State
quarantine on the shipping of thiis fruit from these sections into the State of California ha _s been proL~ulfatd.

The very Lunus-ual flip:htis of the painted lady butter-fly reported in the last number of the D-iJ.1eti semi to ha-%ve been. but a re-_7oti eo n of avery widespread increase in the liners cl hi insect- during the mouth reports off unusual n-umbers of these butterflies and t_ ieir larvae iwere received firm Ohio, Ir~gi lndiana, Illinois, Minnesota, and 0- ;con, and also f rom the Cila Bend section of Arizona and from the State of Sinaloa in liexico.

The Mexican bean beetle during the mon-th 7as discovered d in Indiana an-Ld has materially advanced its range in Ohio and Georgia, as .eli as raking substantial gro-und over the rest of the infested territory. In Wyoming the pest has extended its range 30 miles north of last year-Is infestation.


-153 -






154

The cotton boll weevil situation is no more serious than last month, judging from the reports so far received.

An unusual pest in the form of an Eleodes beetle' is recorded attacking cott( in Tulare County, Calif.

A serious situation has developed in the Nebraska National Forest, where the tip moth is materially interfering vith the reforestc :,a c pro jects under iay in that State.

In this number of the Bulletin is a review of reports on termite damage to woodwork throughout the United States during the past year.

The European earwig is increasing its activities in the Newport Colony in Rhode Island.



OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FETATUPES IN CANADA FOR JULY, 1924

Aphids have been conspicuously abundant in many parts of Canada this season. In the iagara district, Ontario, the bladk cherry aphid has been present in outbreak form, and there have been severe infestations of the rosy apple aphid and the green apple aphid. In ie frinvrwick the green apple aphid infestation has been very severe, especially in the Ct. Joui River Valley, and in the Prairie Provinces aphids of several species have been ve :-y abundant on many kinds of plants.

Severe local outbreaks of the forest tent caterpillar have occurred in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and western Ontario. In Saskatchewan the tent caterpillar situation has proved more serious and iTespread thsn was at first anticipated and many species of deciduous trees, including aspen, poplar, willow, ash, wild rose,and choke cherry have been badly attacked.

The grape-blossom midge, Contarinia johnsoni Sling., is present in small numbers in vineyards from iag.ra-on-the-Lake to Fruitland, Ont., and probably occurs in all parts of -he 'grape belt, but so far has not caused serious injury.

The pear-leaf bliste-r-mite is becoming widespread upon apples throughout the interior and Kootenay sections of British Columbia.

The currant fruit-fly, Erochra canadcensis Loew., is unusually abundant in
southern Alberta, hving bcen rpcrted from Cardston, Magrath, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, and Taber, and Foam LaKc, cask.

The cranberry rootrormn beetle, P1abdooterus picines (Oliv.),has caused considerable injury to the apple crop in the Rouger.ont district, P. Q., damaging both leaves and fruit. This is apparently the first record of injury by this species in Canada.

In the Bulkley Valley and Lakes district of central British Colzbia severe injury has been done to timothy hay which constitutes the principal crop of the district. The species involved are Uielaoplus borealis monticola Fieber, and M. brune Scudder, the former doing by far the greater amount of damage, which is interesting as it has only been tdien previously in very small numbers in patches of fireweed at high altitudes, in the southern part of the province.




155

Wireworms are causing noticeable injury in the Prairie Provinces.

Extensive injury to corn, peas, potatoes, and small grains by the yellownecked cutworm, Septis (Hadena) arctica Bdv., has been ex erienced in southwestern Ontario on the lighter types of soil.

In the infested area of southern Saskatchewan the northwest chinch bug,
Blissus occiduns Barber, is appearing only in small numbers, even where it wVas enormously abundant last year. No damage has occurred and none is expected during the 1924 season.

The cottonwood leaf-beetle, Lina scripta Fab., is again abundant over the greater part of southern Alberta.

The rose-chafer was present in immense numbers in some of the sandy sections of southwestern Ontario.

The rhododendron lace-bug, Stephanitis rhododendri Horv., has been found in the Victoria district, B. C., where it is p-orobably well distributed. This is thought to be the first record of its occurrence in Canada.

The rose leaf-hopper has been a severe pest to rose bushes this sunmer all over the western part of Nova Scotia.

On the Quetico Forest Reserve, Ontario, an area of 130 square miles of red,
white, and jack pine, burned over in 1923, is heavily infested by the black sawyer beetle, Monochamus scutellatus (Say), and to a much lesser extent by the pine saTyer, Monochamus notatus (Drury). A large section of virgin pines burned over in the Kippewa Lake region, P. Q., in 1923 has also been heavily attacked by sawyer beetles with consequent serious depreciation.



CEREAL AITD FORAGE- CROP INSECTS

MISCELLTEOUS FEEDERS

CUTWO;RS (Noctuidae)
Maine E. '. Patch (June 27): Larvae of A-rotis ypsilon Rott. are migrating from a grain field to an adjoining potato field at Mapleton.
Report states: "Every plant that has barely pierced the ground is
surrounded by 3 to 10 orms. They ate leaves and they are now cut-ting sprouts just beneath the surface." (July 3): County agent writes "100 aces of oats are being destroyed by cutror-s. . 7e have used poisoned clover in potato fields where the cutworms are working, with very gocd results." Cros w-ere working night and morning in grain fields, filling up on cutworms, in Yapleton near
Presque Isle in the locality I visited.

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (June 30): Cutwor7ms have been very common a:d injuriour
over the southern half of' the State. Species undetermined. Bibio albipennis Say emerged in unusual numbers during the first two wCe-k of June, thousands covering the vegetation in gardens. -e had many
requests for control measures for this fly, as they were blamed for
the cutworm injury.




. ... ..........

156

;;e York C. Tyl, r (,Tcne 21 cutr' 0 rMs P..-e :n-ar.ing some cabbage plantLI
il" Nassau County, aia-king it raece-ssai-y to re-olant entire JCields.

C. R. CrCsby (Ju'y L field ol C*3in at Durham is badly infest(
by Ha d cna f r.--), c*- n Grote. They eater t-he top of the young plal and eat, Ci--L tlie heact. leaving the bottom of the plant vith 3 or 4
lea,'res standiiig.

i s. c o n n 3. Frac'--er (iuay 15); Serious loss of corn in one field in
Soutfl-ern Grant County by L-ttack of Lyco-chotia -1arparitosa Har. Cir
7onTs are renortcd fror-i tiie following J arron, -Bayfield,
Cra7!f ord, Dodge, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Fond. du Lac, Grant
Green Laka, Jjneau., Lonito-,i3c, Mariaette, Monroe, Oconto) ozai)lcee,
Pepin, Pierce, l'ortage, Price, Saw-ver, Washington, and 7ginnebago.

C. L. Corj :ins (J-Lily 10 .- An o-atbrcal:, L 1 z a -0t il
a-Lzx1liaris Grote, was rel ,,orted 'by co-Luity agent of T-a--'10.er. Have
not yet seen b-t from description of ciit-7orri and the hab:
it '-s lando,,fbtedly -the ar-my ---at-iorm. This has' also done some, dama,
4.
uo girclenE o-,,er t.-.e Eout'iern portion of the State.

Colorado E. A. 2ack (i7_ly 11,: oy j-m- 21 s o-ciineit- rare sent in from Und,
c 1 i f f e -cL' c. h i c i b as 'I) e e n JA,2-. itlf ieft recently as Clnorizaoxot iliar! stat me---t that -1-----ece r2otlis were very troublesol
and miade lif rfi Lse--,-a-b7e in -.,iany houses in that city.

Nei7 1,exico E. -one 16 specimens of tlie -moth. Chorizagr
ali r from Al'-vquerque Yi'-h ,he stateizient that k
is CxC annoying to occlapants of no-ases in that c-;ty.

1%,,Iezico H. 17an ZrLlix.:e-n-ourg (Ji)ne 25): The annual Outbreak of A.-rotis
o
zosllon occurs as uzual on nerlr s-, related alfalfa in late November Poiso-ned bran is used successfully. Ihere alfalfa is not poisoned
it is eve--atually controlled by at least -ifive s oecies of tachinids
and by Say, but too late to save the crop
The an---=- o-AbIezJ,: of T -,-)h--PT--a .2xi -ier occurs at the same
t i 1-q

C-PISSHUPERS(Acridiidae)

7isconAn S. B. Frar.= 'J-al- r 15": pnllucida Scudd. et. al. have
been rel-oo-t-ec Z--om th ,, foll on grain, etc.: Door,
Karinette, :lj.e-.:,ce, andL 2rico.

Minnesota A. G. 1 1- "s (jrlly co=j)laints have co.-Ie tn concern:
E-r a s s -"io c r o ;oa-is -'-o be 'V-] .e one doing the dai
e The "Leen so late t'-.at so-qe o-L' the sec-ir to bi
just -hatchin, -.
S 7 e 1 11C JI.L-1 e 1 i-Ll l 7 7 1 J ) : :; '-L '- --- U v e'u- r aS7a 7 ano-o'u!7- tta'n,)-,;, Say, e- c.,
began hatchi-nL!, in tf e 1'0 r t h r la 4- t e V-a'! 1 e dur i 12 c 1. a s t -T e ek
JiLae, an uaras-: ally late -Euo, 'hatohi.ag i-ic lc;fot 11.-,ving been de.
eve- ii op-p rs are
layed by tho cold, Hoi7 07acs: C
rrevcnt in s7abn -,rmal -roZJers ia this State this year.




...........






Kansas Roger C. Smith (July): We haa a snail outbreel- of th lesser miec, "a a t the
ntl nis Rile on a! f a1
oratory ,rass poor (!Jelanc y
cclie- '-iey are -nore plentiful. Conge ycar but this ye,, .- t.-L
trol rne- esent in t1ieir casual
_p-olied. They are 7-)r
ZD
numbers in 7rs ,tern Xansas.
pers rere re Dorted to be d ng
Texas F. C. Bishoo (Juna): Gras shon- a ra a S. L
cot ton in a of north '-,:-ns coor- t i --3s At first t'lie inJury
occurred o77l-v in botto- -.-. lands but lator -Anl=Lz -,7re also iia\Taded.
,e Cotto-n fie7 i 41, C e ,
01,n -iJ drably
At Uvalde ds -7ere see- i to be coi
by them, --ri-nici-Dally the lifober grasshoi)-.per (:Frc-,-1-1 -'tola a-Lid the d-ffere--tial o:assho-o--er ela-nc, ',Ll.s al Thos.
lari e ai.io --i of poisoned o J t i -as distri' te

Iyomin- Ccrkins (J- ly 10): CC==!a
n
,a -car, but are 'ci:i ,
relluc are late less a bua7ida-it tha:-i last 7
dama, e in i7:.ost of t1ae 4 Section of
.Lrrigted v ?l leyc in t---e
the tate. -No large ca:irg i gas are -icccssary -out y 7 0 _1 i nf o z- t t; o-n s aro t. -a care of An attac' ".L si=lex Eal should 1ia-.,e -,)ce---l re-or'el t-,.rec- 7o-.Ithz a,-- o. One cam-,--ai ---n
'jl4ojj _j ler--itory
was carried or- 7- it"I',i pca r--sults. and ad-- .- I -is nc- 7--sir.,- Lif,: stczl -by 7a-i'-. IF 2 o un t of dema-e
is vet

71. J. (7-:tract from, -Re-p fYI ic, j-u-ne 1.7,
Pashington --:i3r ,JuL e -0
---ai s -1--iis Year.
Tan-=s .*Lii Colv*lle Collmt a- -a ID a st VI to L. IL 1ETolt, c-,rDcrv4-,Jn- o-a L,.dian recip-4
ation -- ,Iwice, 71-Lo returned yest,-,rday fro1-l a t:-i7o of 411-1s-ection of '-io 'ha---3 cro--- iii:idcr :ie ii-ithe irri 3,tior. 7-)ro4ect tiere. T -1o s o u
,project are ha-.-in thern destroyed 1-y a o I a a of jfascTio- -)ers anC those on the (!--.-y lands have --.o cro-,)s ot ell. yhi.s is tlae driest in 15 years accordi-n,5.- to t',-e records of t'-)--t
section. G -1 rasshop,-,-ers strip the fie' is cica-a as they go, leaviiig
nothing but tl--,E Stems of the eat I-a the ry land areas
the grain is on"'.y f- fe7 inches hi, i an(2. tll e heads are 2hrivelcd.



Ner York C. R. Crosby (T-ane 18): -L',, Tj otes Say
/are destro77ing a 4-acre
field of oats 4--- Otse7p Couzity. (J-,xae 19): 77ire-or--as are re-oorte" as ca-asi--ar in-ur,), 'Go corn a-n oats in several -x.rts of


7ashington 11onthij, Te-11er of -j01 1 j,o I (Ju:.-.e Re- o r t s
fron VLj ly
I.ar,-:e 'jea%71 I" 7-':L.-:-,7*
to rniscella-zieo-Lis c:.-ov t% S LIS -: helet,:,,s- or-c-if--a-1
l Ls Can is closely :-elate,11 t---.e faelctes- ."Y- S a cons2,
and. s ar i cus Deot of lii-a bee,: -s llects in t'le E o -2 of Calif Ornip'.







158HESSIAN FLY (h~o destractor Say)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): Further observations on the Hessian fly
corroborate our statement in the last Bulletin to the effect that we may an'icipate injury in early sown fields of wheat this fall.

Missouri L. Baseman (July 20): Stubble counts show following infestation:
Springfield, 2 per cent; Columbia, 1/2 per cent; Charleston, 17 per
cent; Maryville, 18 per cent; Cuba, 2 per cent; St. Louis, 13 per
cent. An epidemic threatens. Control campaigs are being pushed

Nebraska Mv. H. Swek (June 15-July 10): The wheat harvest, now in full
swing in southeastern Nebraska, indicates that on the hole a good
yield will be realized, notwithstanding the fact that the attack of the Hessian fly last fall destroyed completely a considerable
acreage of wheat and materially thinned the stand of a larger acreage, v ile during the past May anrd early June the fly, in connection
with unfavorable weather conditions, caused short and often only
partly filled heat heads to be the rule. It is generally realized
that the present wheat crop would have heh trch better if the fly
had not made this serious double attack: upon the plants. Continued efforts will be made to increase the percentage of farmers that will
await the fly-free date this fall and thus decrease fly injury on
the next crop of winter wheat.

Kansas J. W. Mcvolloch (July 19): The severe Hessian fly infestation,
which I reported from western Kansas d-uring the winter, took a very big t i, and the farmers in that section consider the Hessian fly a blessing rather. than a pest. Cc.ditions for seeding last fall
were exceptionally good and a very heavy stand of wheat was secured
The Hessian fly also being abundant killed out a good part of the
stand, and at the time looked as th of it had ruined the prospects for the "heat crop. This spring, however, the plants tillered out and at the time the fly was emerging, dry weather set in and proved
fatal to the eggs, and there was very little further infestation this spring. Dry weather continued until harvest time, and the farmers claim that if the fly had not reduced the stand last fall
the amount of r-heat on the ground would have been too grdat for the
available moisture supply. As it was, with the reduced stand,
there wa setficient moisture for the crop and western Kansas is rolling in wealth at the present time. It is going to be very
difficult +o o into this country and talk Hessian fly control
measures at the present time. (Jaly 22): The data on the average
acre lose hes been furnished by E. C. Palton as follows: A loss of 6 bushels per acre is estimated in southeastern Kansas in Crawford Cornty with 5 bushels loss in adjoinirg counties of Neosho and
Cherokee. A resion of 4-5 bushels loss is also located in eastcentral and northeastern Kansas, extending from RepUblic and Morris
Counties cast to Fra.klin and Drov.n Counties with a third similar region recorded in the northwestern and north-central part of Kansas, extending from Decatur and ,ichita east to Mitchell County.








SMUT BEETLE (Phalacrus rolitus Melsh.)

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): An abundance of the smut beetle
on ripening wheat was reported from Furnas County during the last
week in June.

7IAT JOINTWORM (Harmolita tritici Fitch)

North Carolina F. Sherrman (July 5): This is usually a minor pest with us. There
have been several recent reports.

Missouri L. Haseman (July 20): Stubble infested as follows:

Springfield 2 per cent Columbia 1.7 per cent
Charleston 0 per cent Maryville 0 per cen;
Cuba 17 per cent St. Louis 11.5 per cert

It is worse in some fields than the Hessian fly.

HEAT STRAVT0EM (Harmolita 7wanCis Riley)

Kansas J. W. VcColloch (July 19): The wheat strawworm, while it was very
abundant in the fields of northwestern Kansas this year, apparently :didnotrreduce the yield as much as was anticipated. This is probably due to the fact that the second brood was delayed somewhat in its emergence, and at the samd time conditions were favorable for early maturity of the wheat crop. hile pracuically every
straw was infested, yet the infestation did not take place in time for the heads to become blighted. (July 120): The area of heaviest infestation was in the northwestern part of the State from Graham and Pinney Counties westward. Slight injury was general over the State. No actual figures are available yet as to the real loss. Many samples of neat had every straw infested and
the heads blighted or poorly filled.

COPN

CHINCH BUG (llissus leucopteruas Say)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): NIo reports of injury or abundance of this
insect have been received so far.

Illinois W. P. Flint (July 21): The heavy rains of May and J-ne have so
reduced the numbers of this insect that there will probably be no
necessity of taking any acti-e measures of combating this pest
during the present summer. It is present in fields in central
and southern Illinois in smaller numbers than has been the case
since 1912.

Missouri L. Haseman (July 20): The pest, in spite of rains, has done some
migrat ng in southwestern and north-central Iissouri, though over the State as a whole the chinch bug sitation is favorable. Some
signs of fungus are present.








160Nebrasmka M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): The chinch bug has been by :far the
most important insect pest in the State during the last three weeks
The area seriously infested includes the 10 counties touching the southern border of the State, from Richardson to arrnas Counties,
inclusive, and eastwardly extends north into Nemaha, Johnson, sothwestern Otoe, southeastern Lancaster, and northern Saline Counties, while westwardly it is practically confined to the southern tier of counties, except that the Furnas County infestation extends well up into Gosper County. The bugs began leaving the wheat in the southern tier of counties during the last week in June, chiefly from June 25 to 28, though the migration did not start in some fields
until the first week in July. During the last four or five days
there have been many complaints of heavy losses of corn because of invading chinch bugs. The weather has been very dry in Nuckolls, Webster, Franklin, Harlan, and Furnas Counties, and these counties are suffering the heaviest injuries, especially the central county of the block, Franklin, where the bugs seem to be especially numerous. Eastw7ardly Pawnee County continues to show the heaviest infestation, as stated in my report of June 20.

Kansas J. W. McColloch (July 19): The chinch bug has been especially bad
this year and reports coming to this office at the present time
indicate that some farmers have lost as much as 100 acres of corn
and sorg ums. It is interesting to note that the heaviest correspondence has been from three north-central counties. (July 20):
This insect has been worse than at any time since 1913. In some
areas v.hole fields of corn and sorghurums have been destroyed.

CORN EARWO11f.M (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

South Carolina Bureau of Entomolorgy Monthly Letter, No. 122 (June): W. A. Thomas
of Chadbourn, N. C., investigated an outbreak of the corn earorm
on tomatoes in South Carolina and reported that this insect has
caused considerable injury to the tomato fruits.

C-eorgia 0. I. Snapp (June 2): The corn ear-7orm has been unusually abundant in middle Georgia this year, doing much damage to young corn.
Severe injury has been reported from at least six counties.

Florida F. S. Chemberlin (July 11): Corn earworm larvae of all sizes are
present at this time. The ears in cornfields of this region were
about 85 rer cent infested.

Texas F. C. Eishopp, through J. L. Webb (June): During June the corn
ear'orm was quite abundant in the vicinity of Dallas. Sweet corn in gardens -as almost completely ruined and tomatoes were attacked
to a c siderable extent.

STALK BORER (Papaipema nitela Guen.)

Maine E. Ii. Patch (July 22): A report from North Alfred states: "The
entire planting is infested with them."












11e.7 Hampshire P. P. Lov.rry (July 19): A oif' re cr"-S llaV_ :)3en- Of
inj-ary to Cor17, and toln atoes.

Lassaelmsetto Do-zno (july 21): 7hezo are iyflicatlo-aS 0: 'a ly
sev.-rc s o i i, T _-ii s P ea: on. 0 Ce
the r o-rr_--t attac1ce5L. Ona e- 1 _10*17, I'V 11
tc iris a-id other similar plants w s -_ -cc,2lved about the lCth 01 t1iis

Ohio E. T. 1%1;e--_.de-L.*ha'_l Ju y G Stall-, borers are doi- ,, consider-ble
L-1 t:ie locality of Clia,-1pa-l-En C/ o-_uity and nearly
r-lined some cornfields.

Mi chi, '7 ettit (Julv 22): The common stalT: borer is stoodily 'r_-,ecom-i,- worso year by year. It is -nat-1-1.ra"Lly cc-nf-c-sea 7 1, 1-i the
coi--,. orer and ev.-ry mail -brLi,7s in many snr" ples of the stal1r borer 701-king ir, Cora.

lacliaria J. j. vis (July 2112): The co=on 5tall,7-- ;oror -has bean unusually
a7bimdenlk; in t7-,,a p, ), s t f e,,7 7, P_ Te received the first re-, or's of in iur-, J7-,.ne 19 from 72,vansvIllo attach-in, tomatoes
anf, f---om th -I.t on tlie -noticea )ly infest __l arrra .ror _-ed
ior'h ard to Rjrt Taj-_re, -T--iere re-forts of 77e776 fir 7t reC- 'iV.Dd
J-!:Ily 1,1. 1:"hi,_- Lnsect has Iccer- -o_,et -y ond d Dst-uc4iv3 n- e a-rld has es,)ec, 'Ky
t'-'IP paCt t-70 It 1ias injareq tol,:Otoco, carrnatio-_--. ,
-potatuo, ard 'Ll-:)1,-Ter

Illinois W. P. PlInt (July 21): Tl--,e co7zion staOlk 7,,orer -,as 7er-,r abunlant thv,. season, ar-d has been sent i---- f:.,om cotto-.1, co--:--,, 0 s ,
pDtatoes, rag.eed, smart7,eed, soy )eans, oa,,,z,, an.,_, s, vOr,?l ot_-1 -,r plants. it wps fo-and ',.)y C. C. in nort'lern 1114nof's fee(
ine in ri-oe st-1a-e-.-,er-_ies. Larvae are. no-7 Zbo-u.t o-_, _e-third grc)7_n.
:I. -a x -er vas rcpo---ted as
-,brasha Mi. S7ronk O Lae 15-,71 1Y '10): The s'.1k boi
foedi1ir. on t1he blacks of corn, esi:eclally _-7e ,t corn, as -.,ell as b"1-rro-Ang in the crrnstal' .s in Jefforson al.et_ 7ebstel Covnties durin the, 1,- Gt week ir Jllao. Th -L s i) e r.t 7 Decame -aite n-jL-iero-a,, during La e jimae wnd carly JulY. 7,or 1--in not only Li t1ae cor11 lCut in rasD-berry ca7--es, rose siua:,z, a:ad var]-ous oi-na--ir ntal ,)lants.

Kansas J. T. 1,i.'c-,Jo'_1Cc11 1,3,: '11. e o 11 o -71-iip, rp, ,or's '_'-!ave been reciaiv ,-d Z;21n, e jinle 20: lz yi -ier, 7ro g on cori:i; 3kiddy, da:_-aL-,i_-itoLnatpoes; lj-,770.ir Oa-_in gi-ng toi-ziatoss; anrl on a
variety of 7,Dlants, r1a

7'
Y7 M1 _:P.77.

Ohio T. H. Parks (June 623): One cou_-it-y in !eotexTi Ohio rejDorted earmzr
worms illiuring corn to -,oine e-_te:-,t-. 7L-e o ore-P ut -ak is localil!cd Lila
not reported as g-_ne:.,a1 ovcr tlie colanty. Poisoned bran _mas7a was
used successfully.







162

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): Since ovr re&ort last month *e have received additional reports of injury by ari-orms and these have
continued up to July 12 a-.d have extended to the extreme northern end of the State, the first report in the northern boundary counties being June 23. They seem to be fairly heavily parasitized.

Wisconsin S. 3. Fracker (July 15): Heavy attacks in bottom lands of southern Grant County, less loss in Spring Grove township, Green, and
several sothemrn townships of Rock County. In most cases poisoned bran was applied in time to prevent serious damage.

Illinois 7W. P. Flint (July 21): Armywormrs were very abundant and destructive in some 40 or more counties throughout the State, the worst outbreaks occurring in the northern third of the State. A warning was sent out regarding the probable occurring of armyworms,
and severe damage was prevented in many cases through the action
of the county agents. The loss in corn from this pest would
amount to only a small fraction of the corn acreage in any county
where the outbreaks occurred.

SILVER-STRIPED WEB7.01i (Crmbus 2raefectellus Zinck.)

Connecticut W. E. Britton (July 18): Eating into cornstalk at surface of
ground at Shelton.

SOUTHE2T 30~N R00T77ORI (Diabroti.ca 12-punctata Fab.)

Maryland J. A. J-slop (July 22): For the first time in the past six years
I have observed southern corn rootwc.n seriously damaging sweet
corn. In a small patch at Avanel abort 20 per cent of the plants
had the roots so badly eaten that the plants were upset and dead.
Larvae were still present in the ground at this date.

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The southern corn rootworm has been doing
considerable damage to sweet corn in the Purdue Experimental plots
at Lafayette within the last two weeks.

Illinois W. P. Flint (July 21): Adults of this species were extremely
abundant during May. At the present time reports are coming in from all over the State of injury to corn by the larva. Larvae of the first brood are now pupating, so that it is possible that
a considerable second brood may appear this season.

SUGAq-CANTE BEETLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lec.)

North Carolina F. Sherman (July 5): This southern species occasionally damages
corn in our warmer sections. There has been at least one case of
noticeable da.mage.

Missouri L. Haseman (July 1-20): This is our first experience with this
pest. Attacking corn at Dexter and Dudley.








.63CORN ROOT-APHID (Aphis maidi-ricis Forbes)

Nebraska It. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): Information received during early
July indicated that the prevalence of the corn root-aphid in Franklin and Harlan Counties, mentioned in my report of June 20, extends north into Phelps County also, and that the insect has been equally
injurious in that county this spring.

ALFALFA AIYD CLOVER

ALFALFA WEEVIL (Phytonomus posticus Gyll.)

California Weekly News Letter, State of California, Vol. 6 No. 15, July 26:
"That insects are carried and transported in this manner (by automobile) is well demonstrated by the findings of the inspectors at the border stations. During the month of June of this year live insects, many of them alfalfa weevils, were taken from 61 automobiles. As many as 140 live alfalfa weevils were shaken from the camping equipment carried by one automobile, and only a few days ago 40 live alfalfa weevils were intercepted in a small quantity
of green alfalfa hay which the camper had gathered in Nevada.
Interceptions of from one to a dozen or more alfalfa weevils in
a live condition qre daily occurrences at the border stations,
and any one of these lots of insects if not intercepted might be the means of introducing the pest into California, thus placing
upon the alfalfa grower of this State the added tax of control
measures to suppress it.

Utah Geo. I. Reeves (July 8): We have done little scouting in new
territory for the alfalfa weevil this year, owing to lack of funds
and assistance and preoccupation with the more urgent economic work
of perfecting the dusting method, importing parasites, and assisting the University of Nevada to adapt our control measures to Nevada conditions. The attack has been severe but well controlled in Utah and Colorado. The attack in Utah has shovn an increase
over last year corresponding very closely with the increased warmth and earliness of the season. The parasite Bathyplectes curculionis
is generally present both in damaged and undamaged fields. (July 15): Alfalfa weevil injury is noticeable in fields east of River
Heights and some other parts of Cache County.

FALSE CHINCH-BUG (yzius ericae Schill.)

Niebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): During the last half of June and
up to July 10 the false chinch-bug has, like the true chinch bug, appeared in large numbers in a part of the State. The infested
area e: ends from Thomas County west to Scottsbluff County and
north to Dawes County. These bugs have appeared in the gardens,
attacking radishes, lettuce, and other vegetables, and also are
reported as swarming in great numbers around certain weeds.

Utah Geo. F. Knowlton (July 11): The false chinch-bug is present in
northern Utah and doing damage in a few fields. As a rule ti',
not found in damaging numbers.







264GAPRBMT J4BT OEM (Lo-ee *rijalis Cyien.)

Kansas EPogcr C. S-mith '.July 1-15): W~e 'had. a large State- vTide outbreak
las- u ,a n'-,v,3 hav rrc; Oiced lo,.ai outbrooks- thIs year. It is pl, ,ntiful in come field11s --t ai-Ota anLhporia.

Texas F. C. Bishop7p (June): Drn the first balf of Junie the vrebworm
appeared in destructi-ie nmzabers in TI~alas and. other north Texas
cou:ntios. in Dral' s Co, x'tjy it v-as estimated that 1 per cent of tUhe cotton acrea,-e iwas *infosfted and. most of this very seriously
aawiagei. Considerable poisoning .1-ith-calcium arsenate was resorted to.

PEA APHID (IllnxIifij~ Kalt.)

.Kansas _,og -r Cn. Smith (Apr., 12--May 2): This insect has been present in
damap4:' S nrvmbers in the Kaw Val)ley for the latst three springs.
It ai-i-ared on. alfalfa in danaging num.The-_s the spring of 1921 for the first Line. At Ma-nT-attan or, 'r e south side of a building; in the Kaw! 'Talley sevoral fields were destroy,-ed as 'well as in Lincoln
County.
FALL~ ROP1 (L p'a f-4'e a S. & A.)

Louisiana T. E. Hdllo-,vay and .5 Eal(ey (July 3): This pest had defoliated
alflfa1:'P, and ha': p-art'.y defoliated corn 'and sugar cane. Only a
f ew ac,:-es -wer-e obsrvod infostod. Fe7 !lrvae are now: on the
plants, alxd .hey have apparently left to pu7pate. These observationiS 7;e-re made p-t Paceland. Yea" Hora th--e same day larvae were frequently observed on su~pr cane, but were not doing much damage.
It is likely that the pest ,7ill be controlledby parasites.

GPEEI' CT OVER 7ORA (2_Tath.erna scabra Fab.)

Mississipl~A R. -5. Harned (June 20): An insect thnat is probably the green
clover worm has teen reported as seriously damaging alfalfa in
Bolivar County.

ZEB11A CATP1-,IJLA2R Ceramica -oicta Harr.)

Indiana j. j. Davis (Jujly 22): In a f ew fields of sweet clover, notably
one f ield in I-anclph Coiunty, the zebr. caterpillars w.ere abundant. Thley were hardly abundant enough to damage the crop, however

VARIEGATED CUTIFON! (Lvao hotia =_rP~nritosa Haw.)

Illinois 17-. P. __-int (Jily 21): This c-utw~orm has been more than usually
ablindant in clover and alfalfa. It 1Lis doubtle-ss reduced the
Yield of hay from both these crops, although no cases have been
reported -~here fields halve been destroyed.








165

AUTOGRAPIA OU Guenee

CORRECTION: R. W. Earned (July 7): What ap-peared as the grean clover worm,
Plathypena scabra Fab., on page 11 of Vol. 4, No. 4, of the
Insecb Fest Survey Bulletin, should be Aut- graha c. These
insects are especially serious on Melilotus.

SOYBEAN

BROWN COLASPIS (Colaspis brunnea Fab.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): Adults were reported from Nashville on
July 18 as conspicuously eating the foliage of soybeans. This
insect is becoming increasingly abundant and destructive, the
beet> 3 eating the foliage of clover and soybeans ard the grubs injuring corn plants following clover, especially if the clover
is plowed in the fall of the year. Inasmuch as it seems to have
a preference for clover roots, we vould suggest the common name
of clover white grub for this insect.

LESSER CORN STALK-20RER (Elasmoralpus lianosellus Zell.)

Louisiana J. W. Ingram (July 21): During the latter part of June larvae
of the lesser corn stalk-borer were found attacking soybean plants
near Crowley. In some cases the injury to the young plants was
so great as to necessitate replanting of the beans. Adult specimens were sent in, and w-ere determined by Mr. Heinrich. At present the borers are still at 7ork in the beans, but the soybeans are too large to be killed outright by tunneling, although they
are easily broken off in cultivation.

SOEP4UM AND KATFIR

CORN-LEAF APHID (Aphis maidis Fitch)

Kansas J. W. McColloch (July 18): The following reports have been received recently: Neosho Rapids, seriously injuring cane and kafir; Burlington, have seriously injured 35 acres of kafir; and Ida,
seriously injuring kafir.

KAFIR AiT (Solenopsis mclesta Say)

Kansas J. W. !cColloch (July 20): At Eskridge farmers have had to replant -orgh m two and three times. A farner at Westphalia has been Ynable to get a stand of feterita. Damage has also been
reported from Eureka.









FRUIT INSECTS

APPLE

GREER APPLE APHID (Ahis si DeG.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): The green apple aphid was very abundant
this year, attaining unusually large numbers rather rapidly. The
natural enemies seemed to overtake the lice before they had been
able to do any serious amount of damage.

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: A serious outbreak was reported on
nursery stock at Honeoye Falls on July 5. This insect is also
reported from Eutchess County as being very numerous on young
trees and in Ulster County it was also becoming numerous.

uisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from the following counties:
Douglas, Fau Cleire, Florence, Marinette, Ozaukee, Portage (bad), Rock, 'ahn, ple
Rock, Washington, a.iukesha, and Winnebago, attacking apple.

ROSY APPLE APHID (Aniraphis roseus aker)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): The rosy apple aphid is very generally
distributed througout the State in orchards and is apparently
more abundant than it ias been for a considerable period of years.
Migration bean about the first week in July and was apparently
very nearly complete by the end of the second. week.

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: This insect has been reported as
unusually abundant throughout practically the entire apple growing section of the State, both in western New York and in the
Hudson Valley.

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): The rosy apple aphid has been found in
practically every orchard of this fruit section, but injury by thi species has been of little consequence this season as compared wit
last year.

CODLING :O0TH (Carocansa pomonella L.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): The codling moth this year has not apparently been as serious a pest as usual. The very first of the
second-generation moths are just emerging at this time.

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The codling moth is not nearly as abundan
this year as in past seasons.

B. A. Porter (July 25): The second brood of moths began emerging
on July 6.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Brow-n, Dodge, Green, lake,
Monroe, and Walworth Counties, attacking apple.

166 -









167


Illinois 7. -D. -7i.;_-,jt July 01): '21-e s e-,t"7
dil n ,U
U
aela-yed by '611 uold, 7et 0-i: du 2, and
1 J-Li, y
:- J 1 1 c -,:t r p -a--re= -art of ey, J-n k- -me cc,
have ju t- sta --ted C -D ?,- in th,: 'in c- -1 Ja frui'U' dictr1c",
Clay, R-Lch1a_C,, aa7-d Tlie insect is less ao,,_,idant
than usual -Uhe State.

Arkansas A. J. Acl-,e-.7ian 'July 17) Fre(Tuent rains duri:ag t ie 1, tter ipart
of y and in Jiane 7-ashed th- S-7n.ay fi-cm "'I'le a-,D ,Ie at
0
the time 7,h-n the f-rst-b-ood wor= 7?rc h, tchin,-- in 1.,r-,Ic nrz.,)crs-a;- _c-,);,11Y :,-i, ny crcl-arfs
As a result, the codlirLE. nrlo'"I'l is III
A larger Tnurber 6f "s-r!dn-ps" are F n is tfie i).sual
ca'S e. Cz-=-ad-brood -ro=s are nc7 entering the f r-ait.

17ashington E. J. 'i '4ewco ,,er (July 7): -Dhis pror.iises to be one ,f 'he 7ors'U
cc dl i ng mo'h year s 2ve-- ex-oeri enc ed i--.,i "j.-i",nued :-arm
:!_lr rec-alt2d in more c --7s boc-4- -- de- o *it-d t'- r, ac .7.cat'--er dia _Jn 3.a
an vera -e cf c-:er pcr finale being i'e cool sea
A f ros
on avcra .,:) is Z-S '-17 as S. cro-0, --_Ic to laSi IUL Li c n wo r,.; e -ry ;caoon 7 all,)- the
iake s he L ar.L a veiy c,
or in a
to -.,.or]: lor L ,
1Erg ,r third 1ro d than no-r.,.-,a!. 7.c first 7ere
fo"an(_'. IcavinF, thD f-_-uit on J-ja-Le the &v,,ra::-_,c, 1-_ t e for this valley is jrne 21.

APPLE I Z::R Ci r:-7 i a 11'- _17 0 -1:1 i Ri 1 e y' )

Ar'kansas A J Acl-le rrian ( jul y 1 7 In 1.1 7- ly t--'-ie lirst-"--cod larvae
of t-e z p Dle -Lea---- z V -is -Li--.e, estrees not yet in bearing o-7tcn d- not rec
.1,ecially on V I -_ 11
"he late sur-ner sy-,rays. Thic calized ziuch deumage to youn,
.L
trees last season.

2PUIT-TRE-E LEAF-RC:,I EIZ (vacoecia a--.vros nila 7'alk.)
7

IT ED V7 Y 0 3 i C. R. Crcz7)y and assist-zitc: Eepo--ted pres, nt in large iranbers in -,iany crcInards 4n CritLric Cuunty, and v--,ry severe in Orleans County, damaging a 1ar,-6 arrio-zit of f riit.

Utah Geo. F. Xno- !lton (J-aly 15): Frnit-trec leaf-rollers are niri,eroljs
in tj.-.e _,iot'.! S'. a a-i(; ieave bep.n e-,-,,s for t"ne last t7io .7eels in Cache Tal S c, far a E-eat n-imber of og,:7- rnasses h_-: ve
been dapcsited in thc infeote(I o-.c )L.rd.3.

APPLE AND THORN (Hc-nero-ol-ila r rian, l Clerc,,-)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Tho ap-nle an(I thorn sl lel4nto--izer is :7radually sprea ine tc all parts of ','-,e Stl-.te. lii-_ f- '.rst coconas o [' the first generation ive::-e noted about June 2.1 to 27, and ea-rly in July the moths of the second brood began ',o ar-oer ,r.

Connecticut W. E. Bi-itt-on (J-aly 19): 111ach less abundant than last year at
New Haven.









168

TENT CATElPILTAR (Malacosora anericana Fab.)

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (July 12): Adults are now emerging. Has been very
common but hardly as numerous as last year in this locality (Durha

Yew York C. R. Crosby and assistants: Many trees especially on roadsides
practically defoliated in Columbia County, vhile these insects hay
been doing much damage in neglected orchards in Genesee County.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Sauk County attacking app

WHITE-NARKED TUSSOCK MOTH Hemerocampa leucostimla S. & A.)

illinois W. P. Flint (July 21): This insect is quite abundant throughout
central Illinois and has occurred in greater numbers in apple orchards than is usually the case. The first-brood larvae are now
maturing.

APPLE LF.iHOPPERS (Erythroneura hartii Gill., and E. oblipua Say)

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): These two species of leafhoppers cause
considerable injury to apple during most seasons in northwestern Arkansas. The first-brood nymphs were not as abundant as usual
this year, because of a late spring with much cool weather and
frequent rains. Second-brood nymphs are now hatching and with
continued hot weather heavy infestations of hoppers are likely to
occur. This is the first season that sprays have been applied
for the control of these apple leafhoppers in commercial orchards.

ROSE LEAFHOPPER (Emnoa rosae L.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Material which was sent to Dr. E. D. Bal
was determined as rosae. These insects have been present in unusually large numbers, many growers stating that the infestation
.was the worst they had experienced for years.

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): This leafhopper apparently is no longe
abundant enough in apple orchards to cause much injury. Evidentl the continued use of dormant sprays with oil emulsions has prevent
the overwintering eggs of this leafhopper from hatching.

POTATO LEAFHOPPER (Emnooasca mali LeB.)

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): The potato leafhopper caused some inji
in bearing apple orchards as well as on young apple trees, in 1923 and again this season. Most of the injury results from feeding b the overwintering adults and by the first-brood nymphs. Curling
of the terminal leaves followed by the characteristic hopperburn of the tips is evident in most orchards but injury is not severe
enough to require a special spray application for this insect.








169SMT JOSE SCALE (As diotus -enicioss Comat.)

Indiana H. F. Pietz (July 11): A number of cases of spray injury from
various arts of the State have been broungt to our attenticn.
Both lime-sulrhur solution and Bordeaix mixture have caused severe
burning in many instances, probably due to the variable climaticr
conditions, and due to the fact that owing to the lack of sunshine
during May and June plants have made an unusually tender growth.

B. A. Porter (July 25): As a result of effective spraying with
oil emulsions, most of the commercial orchards in southen Indiana
are more nearly free of scale than they have been for several years.
In occasional neglected or poorly sprayed orchards the scale is
present in about the usual abundance. Along with most everything else, the scale is about two weeks behind schedule, and the second
brood of crawlers has not yet appeared at this date.

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 16): Dormant sprays with lubricating-oil
emulsions during the -ast three years in Arkiansas apple orchards
have proved entirely satisfactory in controlling the San Jose
scale. There is only an occasional orchard in the section where
any scale-spotting of fruit can be found at the present time.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Ozaukee County attaching
apple on this date.

Washington E. J. Newcomer (July 17): Crawlers of the San Jose scale were
first observed on May 25. No unusual infestations have been reported to date.

APPLE FRUIT-CHAFER (Metachroma interruotum Say)

Indiana B. A. Porter (July 25): A small amount of injury caused by this
insect in July in one apple orchard near Decker, not as abundant
as last year.

LPPI FLEA-WEEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): The apple flea-weevil is more abundant
in northwestern Arkansas than in former years and it may be found in practically every orchard of the section. Clean cultivation,
which is pr-cticed in most orchards, has prevented the insect from
causing serious damage.

PLUM CUIRCTLIC (Conotrachelus nenuphar Host.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Not much damage in the western part of
the State. Injury in western Middlesex County estimated at 60 per cent of normal; seems to prefer Duchess apples. Unusually e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r~ cetoon-T-.';ses4
serious in Bristol County, 25 to 50 .per cent of fruit on wvellsprayed trees. In Plymouth County it is the worst orchard pest.








170

Neew7 York C. P. ,rozby and assistants: In CclumhDia Ccanty injury cased b
this insect does not appear to be as serious as in previous years.
In Dutchess Cou~nty injury is rather severe in some orchards, and
in one orchard 50 per cent of the fruit is injured.

7isconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Dodge, Monroe, ar Pierce
Counties, attadcLing apple.

Missouri L. Baseman (July 11): This pest is with us every year but this i
a real epidemic in the Waverly district. Four curculios on some apples, and is more serious in abundance as compared with an avere
year.

ROSE LEAF-3EETLE (Nodonota puncticollis Say)

:,Tew York C. R. Crosby and assistants: In Dutchess County this insect has
been noted injuring apples and pears but so far the injury has beE slight. In Ulster County injury by this insect is rather slight
but widespread.

New Jersey R. B. Lott (July 2): This chrysomelid was doing considerable dai
age to young fruits on apples, sometimes eating half of apples thE
size of a walnut.

EUROPEAN RED MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)

IMassachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Gradually increasing in numbers. It h
now spread to practicall3t every part of the State. In unsprayed orchards or those which were not treated with oil during the dorm"
season, the pest is occasionally assuming tremendous proportions, and, if this condition of drought persists for any length of time
the effects will in some cases be very marked.

Connecticut Philip Garman (July 22): Very little 'ork of this pest has so f,
been seen in 1ew Haven County.

Indiana B. A. Porter (July 25): Conspicuous injury was noted in one small
plum orchard near Decker, on July 24.

PEAR

PEAR SLUG (Caliroa cerasi L.)

Indiana H. F. Dietz (July 11): Pear and cherry slugs are more abundant
this year than at any time diing the last five seasons.

CLOVER MITE (Bryobia raetipsa Koch)

Oregon Don C. ,iote (June 21): At Medfcrd damage is severe on pears,
according to county agent's report.








171

PFACH

ORIMENTAL TRUIT MOTH (Lespevresia molesta Dusdk)

Connecticut Philip Garrman (July 22): Infestation late but rapidly increasing
in amount in Fairfield County.

S6fth68 ern ... L-iniWAtce:The oriental fruit moth has been determined by
E:Mi ~ State and Federal ins-pectors to be present in numerous places in
Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and M1ississippi. It has been found
in two or three localities in North Carolina.

SOUTHERN GREEN PLANT-BUG (Nezara viridula L.)

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (July 1): Aknotry condition of the fruit in a
peach orchard at Albany is common, having resulted from the feeding
of the southern green plant-bug earlier in the season.

Mississippi Oliver I. Snapp (July 12): Many peaches in an orchard at Canton
have been rendered unmerchantable on account of injury from the
southern green plant-bug.

A LkTEEN FLY (_hlgoridae)

Georgia C. H. Alden (June 30): These nymphs were found attacking peach
twigs but caused less injury than on the honeysuckle at Fort Valley.

SAY'S BLISTER BEETLE (Pomrnhopoea savi Lec.)

New York C. R,. Crosby and assistants: Several outbreaks reported from
Ontario County. In Wayne County another orchard was found infested which was not previously reported.

SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (June 20): The fruit-tree bark-beetle is reported
abundant in northwestern Georgia, and has been found in one orchard
attacking apparently perfectly healthy peach trees.

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): Further reports of injury by the shot-hole
borer have been received from the southern half of the State and
we anticipate further trouble from this source because of the
weakened condition of the trees following the severe winter and
the recent San Jose scale infestations.

CHERRY

JUM7 BEETLES (Phyllophaga spp. and Liryrus i bbosus DeG.)

Missouri A. C. Burrill (June 13): So badly stripped two youn- cherry trees
at Jefferson City that the owner came to county agent for advice.





172FRUIT-TREE LEAF-BEBTLE ( ynta al'iida Loc.)

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 14): No adults presert now. Many reports of
damage, however, at Salem. Quite noticeaole on fruit being picked now. The dried feeding puncture lowers the quality of the cherry.

PLUI M CURJULIO (Conotrachclus nenuphar Hbst.)

Maine Edith M. Patch (July 16): Reported from Bath, attad~ing Montmoranc:
cherries, not a single one found good.

e! York C. R. Crosby and assistants: First injury noted in Chautauqua
County on June 19, attaching cherry.

EEY FRUIT-FLY (Rha:oletis cingulata Loew)

California Weekly News Letter, State of California, Vol. 6, No. 15, July 26:
It has been determined by the Director of Agriculture that an insect,
a species of Trypetidae, known as the cherry fruit-fly, PRhag-oletis
cingulta, exists in portions of the State of Oregon, and that
cherries are a host fruit of this insect. It has been further
determined by the Director of Agriculture that the cherry fruit-fly
is now knov. to exist in that portion of the State of Oregon mo7n as the Dalles section of Wasco County and the Milton-Freewater section of Umatilla County.

CMERLY APHID (Mvzus cerasi Fab.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: In Cntario County they were found on
both sour and sweet cherries quite commonly.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from the following counties:
Dodge (bad) and Florence, attacking cherry.

PLDM

PLUM CURCTTLIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)

Indiana H. F. Dietz (June): The plum curculio has been unusually abundant
on apples, cherries, and plums.

JO0A 1NSET DMYIA POLITA

New York C. R. C-osby and assistants: Numerous at Pavilion on the foliage
of plum trees.

PLTI PUJLVINARIA (Pulvinaria am~ali kL )

Kansas J. W. M cColloch (Jrly 15): Leaves from a plum tree were received
from 7aeeney heavily infested with this scale. This is the first record of this insect from Kansas since 1895 when it was found on a
plum at Wichita.







173

APHIDIDAE

Wisconsin S.B. Fracker (July 15): Hysteroneura set ri e Thos. was reported
from Dane, Marinette, and Oconto Counties, while Ehopalosi hm
-prunifoliae Fitch and Anuranhis cardui L. were reported from Rock
and Wvalworth Counties.

RASPBERRY

RASPBERRY IVAGGOT (Phorbia rubivora Coq.)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: Infested raspberry canes were received from Greene.

RASPBEPRY FRUITW0MI (Byturus unicolor Say)

New York C. R. 3rosby and assistants: On July 5 this insect was abundant
in several fields in Wayne County, attacking raspberries.

RASPBERRY CA/NE-BORER (Oberea bimaculata Oliv.)

Maine E. M. Patch (July 15): Eicessively abundant at Bucksport and
Cumberland Center, attacking raspberries and blackberries.

GRAPE

ROSE-CHAFER (Macrodactylus subsninosus Fab.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): The rose-chafer has been unusually abundant and, contrary to its usual habits, has turned its attention to
a considerable degree to attacking foliage and even young fruits
of apple. It would appear that the heaviest damage has been done to orchards in the eastern half of Worcester County, and in Middlesex, although definite reports of this nature were received from
orchards in Bristol and Plymouth Counties where, in some cases, the estimated amount of injury to the fruit equalled that done
by the red-bug in a normal season.

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (July 19): Has been very numerous this year at Durham.

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: In Dutchess County this pest was
observed on apple and grape on June 23. Has been doing serious
damage to grapes in some cases. At Syracuse, on July 4, they
were eating everything in sight, the orchards, vineyards, etc., being overrun with them. In Dutchess County, on July 5, they
had ca-'sed considerable injury in some vineyards.

Michigan R. H. Pettit (July 22): The rose-chafer is worse in Michigan than
for many years past. This creature is working on ornamentals,
-appples, grapes, and on most everything else.


"!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiT A &








174iGRAPEVINE APHID (Macrosi hjn illinoisensis Shim )2

Mississippi H. W7. Allen (July 23): Early in the present month the young terminal shoots of grape were heavily infested with the brown grape aphid at A. & M1 College. ,Th ey have now become greatly reduced
in numbers and are difficult to find.

GkAPEEPLE MOTH (Oxyptilus periscelidactylus Fitch)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: Larvae noted in several vineyards
in Dutchess County, but are not causing serious damage.

EIGHT-GTTED FORESTER (A1y7ia octomaculata Fab.)

Indiana H. F. Diets (July 24): The eight-spotted forester is more abundant than for several years past. It is quite abundant on grape,
in the northern half of the State.

GRAPE =LEAHOPPER (Ery-throneura comes Say)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: In Chautauqua County this insect
has been greatly reduced in numbers by the recent rains and storms
so that now they are rather scarce, while in Monroe County they
are beginning to become abundant.

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): From C0?y County a report of an
abundance of the grape leafhopper on woodbine vines was received,

BANDED LEAFHOPPER (Erytroneu-ra tricincta Fitch)

Texas D. C. Parmnan (June 25): The banded leafhopper has been doing
heavy damage to grape arbors during the last four years and in
many cases has killed out all of the vines except the Black Spanis or Mission grape. The leaves usually fall from the vines during the latter part of July or August. The damagee this year at this
date is apparently more than usual.

CURRANT

CUIPRANT AND GOOSEEERRY HAGGOT.( oc]ra canadensis Loew)

Oregon Don C. Mote (Lay 23): Ten bushes heavily laden. Picked a quart
and almost e-very currant, green and ripe, is stung, and opening where blight is, found white worm, one-eighth inch in length, at
Roseburg.

CLURRANT STE -GIRDLER (J.anuas integer Norton)

New York C. R. Crosby and assistants: The tins of over half the young
shoots girdled in a number of plantings in Chautauqua County.












C-0-RAN7T APHID y(ivris ribis L.)

New York C Rn. C ro sI-y a nd a ss is t aits:(J ne i',) 7 inested 'Leaves received
from arbr. ~ J~i0 22):I ( aut~'ql ( _) ty this insect 7was observed leavin- black currant In -jeat :nain_,bcrs,7iscoI1sif S. B. Cracker (July 15): Reported from Dod _e (bad), Eau~ Cla ire,
Marinette, Baci--e, Rock, Walworth, and W~ood Counties', att aching
currant.

FCAN

PECAN NUT CASE--BLA=. (14crobasis heb~cce! la Hulst

Georgia John B. Gill (J-Lre 30): Tae pecan nu-t case-bearer, ;crob 7ici
hebeE ,nY, 3 HULsz~ ILai been very osrcrV in percan. cronhiras
arourJI Zzccnton, Del,"itt, Putney, and 2L3.ba:.-y, dru the orcsnt
season. 11he infe--staticn at Thorra viil !,, s co iJ lgt e r
than that of th Al du istrioCt. Muiich dLjaage has -bcef done by
the larvae of th.-e fiist genI'eration, e shoe ft, 7 11:,C.here was such a small ciop of ce-i oe in msorz C5of_ L.his cen--ral
region. Th-e pa re-s tiic c-sr!Ii eC of this ,- a.- ae :D_,r:n.7 quite abundant at this _ritn Lnd_ it is not e_:pecte'L t~it t'hea second
gene=.. -on Aill be very largte_.

Mississippi R. P. Col-rier (July 1C): In imspre-yed zx.-chrds the p~cana -nut
case-bearer has caused loss of abou.,t hal"f t'-e cro-o. 7There arsenical sprays were used the loss has bec-fl controlled to a --reat
degree.,

PECAN LEA-'F C.A SE-B APBR (Akcro*basis reb-cdella, Riley)

Georgia John B. Gill (Jun~e 30O): The moth73 of thie -coc'n leaf case-bcarer
are commonly observed at this time in pecan crzna-rs of southern Georgia. Eg!g layii-.g has becn in profres;: fc~r se-;_ral wesand
present indications point to a. 'heavy iriLe~otati-on for another year.
Doubtless many -row.ers will spray their orchards during-aust
and September for the control o-! this insect.

FALL 7,J7B~jCBL (Lmanr cunea Drury)

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (Jie 23): The fall -6ebw ornn has started to attack
pecans, in this section (Perry). Several nests w7ere found today.

John B. Gill (July 17): The fall webw--o-.rn is occurring in injurious
numbers in many pecoan orchard's of' thio s ction (Thomasville). The
larvae of the second zoneratiLon will likely cause considerable
damage in unsprayed orchards.







176

Mississippi R. 'ol,-icr (J-aly 1C): Elie f a! 1 7: ebc,-o -,q- mc.kes &-,rliest a,-_)pe_-rance in years in Cr-urt, ;-. and hickory
*_ f, I y 4 ng el- j-t cri ; ards
in woo"-_c! C U, at,,, IL,
S
by br-rning -,7ith tloruhes. Doma -e is ca cat in D,,)c-,Iy kept orchards.

K. T,. Co&=* "-m (J--ily 15). Severe ou-'V-t)re_-tk:,s of the fall T,7eb7To.M
have oc-ca-re-IL mach earlier this cpr-Lnr. than -:u-,i-L11. Cn June 15 I noted t1ie ovn--,r of a 600-acre pecan Lrove uci.ag hired labor to
cl ip ; cl-asters and broods of young vorms the trees, so
severe -as thn infestation- All '.1-17rc,.,, --a 'he GuL" Coast section
the infestation "Llas been early and in i. ust cases rather severe.

P7,CA'_j SPITTLIEBU- QClast -ra o-,P)' Ga Sey)

Dlississippi 'Iolier (J-jre O): largest infestati,)n of spittle-bags in
years in Ja kson Co.'7'nt-. IThere sprayingfDr pecan scab is practiced, the s-Pittle-Itul- is controlled com. Aetely.

(F-lyl I ox:D ra s I-p.

M is s i S si pp i R. 717. Harhed (July 7)., Ixe S-U-..ll ap-arently more numerous on
pecan trees zh7-oi7-i7Lout this State t hai during alny recer.' year,
Many mor-n iij -rce4,rd -'U-o 1-bese insec u-s I.a-;:o been received
this year t1ian at --my t-L,-,,.e in the past. Mlosz cf the -.e complaints
have beer. recei,7ed frim the -7estern part of the State.

COSSID (Coss-LL-a ica Streck.

John B. '3ill (J.-,Tly 17): A re-oort f rom 'Fc,71 Rive r states -V;gt the
hickory cossid is ,-Ioi-_ag sorre darfz., e to orchard trees
of that sec'u-ion.

,,ATI 7 CATER.-PIL-LAEZ (Datant, intel-,= i,,,ia G. & R.

Georgia John B. 37ill (Jaly 17): Occasional colonies of the i7alrmt caterpillar are obsorw c! on pecan trees, 'out th: Lioect does not appear
to be as rre-,,alen-c as us'aal for this seacoa of the year.

LITTT E- HICKOTC: APHID c!-rvella Fitch)

G6orgia John B. -rill (July 17): The little Lic"kory aphid is nor, appearing
in la-Ce nmiloe:cs on, "U'---e foli-age of p' can trees in t1liat section.



C=TBERILY ITEEVI7.Li (Anthonomus slArxalis Lec.)

Eassachusetts A. I. Bo-arne (J-t ly The cranberry snout-bectlo or -!cevij
ha- bce--,i f 3-m7d ciaite 'Tidely di,_-Aributed ovar -1'.Ile Ca ?c s(-',ction
a-,'id, in a fe,:- isolateC. cases, lias caused 90 to 95 per ccnt injury, This pest, hu.-invor, cow rs only a relatively small -3creagp of bog
land in its area of inf station.










177BLACK-EADEJ CRAN BERY -WRC (EM a-bot- orv-a bn.
Massachusetts A. I.' Bourne (July 24): The black-headed fire7ormn is present in
about normal abundance.

ROCSE-CHAF R (Macrodact-ylus substincsuz Fab.

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Reports from the Cape region, from our
cranberry substation, note the abundance of rbse-chafers and that
they have been even found on cranberry bogs, although no extensive
amount of feeding by them has been noted to date.

GIFSY MOTH (Porthetria disrar L.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): Mr. Lacroix, of the cranberry substation,
reports that the gipsy moth larvae are present in considerable abundance or several cranberry bogs in southern Plymouth County, although
not to be seen in any great numbers in adjoining woodland or in
orchards near by.







TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

MISCELACS FDJT-S

PAINTED LADY BUTTThRFLY (Janessa cardui L.)

Ohio T. H. Parks (June 29): These larvae are now devouring Canada
thistles in the northwestern quarter of the State. Many counties
report thistles 'being devoured during the last week of June.
The larvae are also reported feeding on plantain and timothy
to a small extent, Caterpillars were pupating june 29. No
migration of butterflies was reported.

.:iichigan R. H. Pettit (July 1): This State is, experiencing an outbreak
of a butterfly larva which I suspect is Vanessa cadui. The
larvae have appeared in the, western part of tIi State in such
number that they practically covered the ground and have been the occasion of much excitement among county agents and growers who expect the larvae to attack oats, co-n, and other valuable
crops just as soon, as they finish on thistles. The thistles
have been completely killed out in many fields and very marked
good has been done at the expense of a small amount of peppermint
and soybeans. Down in the peppermint belt at Mentha it was
necessary to spray some new fields of peppermint in order to
save the tand. However, the amount of real damage done by this
creature is negligible and the amount of good very great. This
larva happens to be here at the time when armyrorms are starting
in to make trouble and, unfortunately, the two are confused.
(July 22): Our larvae roze thistles, which proved to be Vanessa
cardui, are through working and the adults are no-T flying.
Great good has resulted from the enormous numbers which worked
over the State this year.

Indiana J& fl Davis (July 22): Additional reports on thesthistle
caterpillar show that this caterpillar occurred throughout the
State and attacked especially Canada thistle, burdock, and
hollyhock. INo injury to cultivated crops- has been reported,
excepting in one instance the county agricultural agent at
Angola, in the extreme northeastern corner of the State, reported
injury to a field of tansy.

Indiana H. F. Dietz (July): The thistle caterpillar was responsible
for considerable injury at Indianapolis and other points to
ornamental plants such as Mexican thistle (Echinops), bugloss
(Anchusa), and hollyhocks.

Illinois W. P. 7iint (July 21): Adults of this species weremery
abundant in May and the larva was more abundant than ever before
recorded from this State. The area over which they occurred
in mvt tmbisra wwe-canf inrod- tO. the- tr WD-third.'
of the State. Larvae ,ere found feeding on dog fenneL, thistles
of all species, burdock, cocklebur, hollyhock, and sunflowers.
In one case larvae of this species almost completely defoliated


178-






179

acres of soybeans, Nmie of the bean p7 -s were killed but
the cro-P recei.ve!1 a, ser .olj.s se %-, -back and "a-ke a
li ,hter yial. -than Tciild h<-----c tl.L- e C se t'-Ac -n,!
net f0. Parasites al*(::
of 7hi.le second-lbr3od a(auits 'Fre abroad they are
not ap-pe&4inf- in large na:Ybers.

Minnesota Ao G-j- Pmg, es (July 9) Anot..hQr int er e st J.nL in ct to Ort is
77 se PP
one V.-iat is feedi.-,- on CanadE. 111i,13 pE.rtImilar .-ae has
cause a asidera:nle lot oF' 47i-,= :-cst amcn- e f arm,
gp-neral and T.e 7--ve had a great mary spec-: inenz scnt 7, th req _,est
that we rear the Lisect and send it out to them to control Canada
thistles whenever abundai-it.

Oregon Don C. Mote (May 20): Attacking Aaiainc! :,-La i r t e7 7redi,.av 'If iddle
neck 1-ifestation
I at (,Tzme 4) Renort of
on Ca:aadian thistles in Bei-itcm Gcunty. 1,Ta-iy larvae f3und dead,
probab1.y caused by some .7iltv or fung-as.

IT.exj co and A. 117. 1".orrill (%'.7-o!y 11** aC ,e of this butterflyrere
Southwest noted in encrmo _s rrambers n.- a desert roa -,n the Yaqai
U L M
Valle r near (;ajj 3me, Sono, -a C;Q 1"
j Yt :,,.I the 3 ro- Of I a-ell-u me,, cn.'erplla-'s had'U P 0% f e ed ing
No ad Is wero. -e-,-,L at this ton a 75'Llvacemis wit1h,
-tee the n,)!,Pd in
ff .aer(,. a On Earch
large m bers : n thle 0.,osett rear G'_ Ta B,,nd Ma:7 col n .7 C,
Arizona, and it was feared that o they might prove dcstkoructive to
cotton on ranches Jn that vicini
-ia 1, t e:- f e s had be en v er y 3 b U-nd a-Tit 'or
It was reTo;.--Le.--1 t. I the -bi:LU I
several days -m.:Fcadiog my visj.- P-t 01-1.!a Bond., but_.ca Marc-1 0 they
were comp,-, at iv ely sc.ca rC e, E a,;, s r er- e f o i co r i i ron -o *,) e rra.1 I ow
and larvae we.r-- f.,tr.r1 in small nwr )3-.-s on -*Ghis plant., P.
desert the' insects had developed -princi:p _--Ily om an u-.,id!: ntif -Ked plant, which. was, practically strlp-jm3d .)f* f6v:sd.
th-_ v-lc-'ni'y
On 14arch 23 another brood of aduifl*s raz L W
of Gila Bona. Eg.,s were being de--: osfjed .!.,1 1. e on
globe mallow but ncme mald be foui d on ..71. Many
but t. er f-L -1 e s w er e, -Dr e s ent in the a! fal f a f i el d s 'out no eggs were
being de-,D r, s,i. t ed on f al 'L a.
E,,r-L,,7 4-?,. Mayj r,7h,-n_ at Los Mochis in S-inal.oa, Mexico, I noted that t1lle Peinted la _y butter-l"ly was fairly ccrmon and that the larvae v:.re ccr.rion on Z'Icbe mallc-TT, tut no c.-tencive m-1gration
of adults, Exch as occurred in northern Ar-3.zo:ia, ard
Cali.f"'ornia, ras note.d. by entomologisips in this part
of the State of Sinaiba Tu the G:i.la 3end sei-t-.J.on of Ariz na the butterflies. did n(;t ohow a--ay interest_ -in v--jiunlZaer cotton sprouts.

GAP,-j)=1 qVEB JORM sim-1-i.alis Gue.n.

Arkansas T. Roy :qeia (June 19): D-7ight associate entomologist,
College of Agricultare, has e., mined a nuJhe::- o-.T t'--ie 3-paci.-mens ofthe in --t 'which have bean reported 'as ar.-_iyviorm.s. He states that the the garden weT.v, orm. A le vte : 1 have jvst recei-.-ed from him states that the'garden webr.orm is co-vrering a wi(lespread area




-180
in -17e 9-%at- this year-. --T "IV~n a u~~eLbenxbro hese
in aoan nabe of- dr:0- rUe ofticn i' th t


inr .hmag C-inunty)fild

of ~ ~ ,_ 'J IS:lant _Is th 0edcrnragct o oiywo. ncr
but in .me placetdestroyinavlargLaeeas ofbbeans CIJOR2 POTAT BBi,,E (Lep onta s77;:a: ay
:1ev ~ ~ i Yor L n Ter (Junoter 21): Pota iii thessarehthn rpdyi
aS CuntyW "and13O onpoii i eay

Oh oe Esan A.V FM S.ene (Jly la. y): Th ott bete seeme to bepet in o
feer onmaers cans common storpan. re~' dalofcr
Indianai C R cland JotuyS:Nal ulgonptt etelra
were -- c'Wnu omt t:emc hanhd sore than~ tehesa cnumb~ery WIinscosi A. G. Fra-kes (July 0): prtdrotefoowngomte5
Oarfn corplansG the~ci sedcr magoC.airet ond. dukao, i coen
bcotoin mrie. plas ingtronvin largearas fbas


COORATO POTATO BETLE (eti ctmrs Harr.)eaa ay

N*ew York P. H. Tyl~en (June 1.) Fleabeetes carse hcndral inr

naOnaga County. vpoiinishay

-orth Isandt A, E, Webser (June~ 18): FoTheeel potatoebeles~s at F rgonti
fewerel damged thy thes beele

Indrasa C. Th. 05.evean (TJ~ly 0: Therl full-gow pleabeetles putting
inean appeancep tont sut Tumerstc. an tomidae pathat it wonilerbl

WisconsdSt rc of VI 3ot ): th nr-epten aromwestern parts of thentte
'Tyoig DI-Crt:in (Jmly fol, :ne This Clstisre thon dusual, thei
acnptoPie at 7eartoand Wa7h~a

?.TIATO ~HFLE.B L(a 1L~~ip solanoj ar.)


Conctict DM P. Wappe (Juy ): Aphdsn vry reorefomanumb et but loarites
qite henavily pauritizdarafod




- - -- " l ''


New York L. Ca Tyler (July'5): Aphids are now showing up in'quite
considerable numbers in Nassuu.County.

W. Bo Davis (July 5): Aphids have been found in several fields in Suffolk County but at present are not in sufficient numbers
to cause any trouble.

POTATO LEAFHOPPE]R (~Mpoasca mali LeB.)
Wisconsin S. BaF acker (July 15): Reported from Jackson County.

BLIST~ER-BEETLgS (Meloidae)

Maine E. M. Patch (July 5): Report of Macrobasis unicolor from
Island Falls states presentt in- th'oubsands, many hills having
from 50 to 100 on them.ig

Kansas J .'. McColloch.(July-.-1S): Several species of blister-beetles
have been reported as stripping the foliage of various garden
'plants, but particularly potatoes and tomatoes.

TOMATO SUJCEFLY (Marolophus qeparatus Uhler)

Texas Me M. Eigh (July 25): The tomato srakfly, which h'as caused
serious injury to tomatoes in certain localities in southern
Texas the past few years, has now been reported .as far east as Troup. When this insect was first observed in abundance .
about Brownsville a number of years ago, it was attacking a wild
tomato but in recent years it has become a major pest of
tomatoes in the lower Rio Grande Valley.

TOMATO FRUITWORM (Heliothis obsoletasFab.)

Mississippi M6 M. High (July 25): The tomato fruitworm has been unusually
abundant on tomatoes, beans, and corn in southern Mississippi
this season. It has been found in lesser numbers on several
other truck crops. Among the remedies tried arsenate of lead applied straight as a dust and sprayed at the rate of 2 pounds
to 50 \gallons.of water gave about equal results. Free nicotine
dust gave very good results early, while the larvae were small
and before they entered the fruit, but had little effect on the
larvae in the fruit.

CABBAGR

CABBAGE MAGGOT (vlemyria brassicae Bouche)

New York Co R, Crosby and assistants: Serious damage to cabbage seed
beds cy this insect was reported from Ontario, Onondaga,
S Monroe, and Nassau Counties,

Illinois C. Compton (June30): The cabbage maggot is more numerous
and destructive than usual this year.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Barron County on cabbage
and from Oneida on radish.




182
ARMQUIN CAABAE t0 (gaidntia ittrionica Hahn)

Missouri W. M. White (July .,9): Feeding on horseradish and cauliflower.

STRAWBERRY

STRAWBERRY LEAF-ROLLER (Ancylis comptana Froehl.) Indiana H. F. Dietz (July 24): The strawberry leaf-roller is apparently
not as abtoue as in pst years.

Oregon Don C, Mote (May 24): Twenty per cent of a-3-acre patch of
strawberries reported damaged at La Grande, by county agent.

LATE STRAWBERRY SLUG (Empria maculata Norton) Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): The late strawberry slug is reported
as badly injuring strawberries in Madison County.

STRAWBERRY ROOT,-WEEVIL (Brachyrhinus ovatus L.) Oregon Don C. Mote (June 10): Adults:attacking strawberries at Sherwood.

WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaa spp.) Indiana R. J. Davis (July 22): Reported injuring strawberries July 16.
at Waynetown in Montgomery County.

CLICK-BEETLES (Elateridae)

Massachusetts A. I. Bourne (July 24): We have received one report of avery
severe injury to ripening strawberries caused by adult click beetles. An estimate of the amount of injury to the fruit in
one instance places the figure at 75 per cent. The writer stated
that quantities of beetles had been taken out of the berries at
the time of picking, the beetles having eaten clear into the
heart.

ASPARAGUS

ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparari L.) New York K. E. Paine (June 21): Some spraying has been done in the control
of this pest in Chautauqua ,County.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Brown, Fond du Lac, and
Winnebago Counties.

Washington E. J. Newcomer (July 9): Specimens of the eggs, larvae, and
adults of this beetle were brought to the whiter early in June
with the statement that they were common on asparagus Sn several backyards in the City of Yakima. As far as I have been able to learn, this is the first time this beetle has been found in the
State. This information was turned over to the local representative
of the State Department of Agriculture, with the suggestion that it







183

might be possible to eradicate the beetle here. There is a considerable planting of asparagus in the Yakima Valley that
would be affected it the beetle should become established.

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 17): Adults are attacking asparagus at Hublard.

MEXICAN BEAN. BEETLE (Epilachna corruntn Muls.)

Virginia Neale F. Howard (July 11): A number of reports of damage have
come from Wise, Lee, Scott, Russell., and Washington Cdunties.

West Virginia W. D. Click through W. E. Rumsey (July 1): A report fiom Wayne,
in Wayne County, is the first of the insect in this State.

Neale F. Howard (July 15): During the early part of the month
the insect was reported from Campbell, Boone, Raleigh, Logan,
Mingo, and Wayne Counties.

North Carolina F. Serman (July 5): The first overwintered adults of the season
were s.-it on June 2. Since then complaints have been frequent
and there is every prospect that the damage will be serious
throughout our infested area; in Haywood county on June 15 I
examined a row of garden snaps which was 43 yards long, finding
30 adults and 41 egg masses. Copulation was occurring, but no
larvae yet in evidence.

Georgia Neale F. Howard (July 15): Reports were received of the presence
of the beetle in Chattahootchie, Crawford, Marion, Monroe, and
Taylor Counties during the month.

John B. Gill (July 17): The Mexican bean beetle is causing
serious damage to bean foliage at Thomasville at this writing.
The insect did not seem to develop very ra-pdly during the early spring, but now larvae and adults may be found quite
abundantly in most bean patches within a radius of a few miles from Thomasville. The area of infestation is being materially
increased, although the insect does not appear to spread so
rapidly in this southern latitude as is the case in other infested.
sections farther North.

Neale F. Howard (July 21): L. W. Brannon found the beetle in
Grady Counrty, adjoining Thomas County: and close to the Florida line. Three hundred and ninety square miles are noTi covered by
the beetle as compared with 250 last year.

Ohio J. E* Graf (Jay 12): We have received a complaint fiom Portsmouth,
Scioto County, showing that the Mexican Ianb-eeble is causing
a considerable injury to beans in that locality.

Neale i. Howard (July 15): The Mexican bean beetle wa2 found at
Circleville. (July 21): The beetle is doing serious damage in
Scioto and Pike Counties, where it was not known to occir-a. year ago, Mr. DeLong reports the completion of the life cAcle of the
earliest progeny of the overwintered beetles at Columbus.








184

D. M. DeLong (July 24): Found the Mexican bean beetle at
Findlay, This is in Hanock County in the northwestern part of the
State about 20 miles from the Michigan border.

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The first authentic report of the
occurrence of the Mexican bean beetle in this State was received
July 21, the specimens having been collected by the county
agent at Madison July 19.- Nofurther information is available on this infestation but the record is authentic as the county
agent sent in specimens of larvae which are about twfthirds
grown.

Kentucky H. G-arman (July 24L): The, Mexican beanibestle seems to have taken
possession of nearly or quite all of the northern counties in the
eastern balf of the State during -the present se'asoh. My latest reports show that it is spreading rqpidly and doing a good deal
of mischief. Specimens have recently come from Lincoln and
Mason Counties and unquestionable information as to its presence
in Floyd, Jefferson, and other adjacent counties, showing that
it has spread over all oux territory from Meade and Simpson
Counties on the West to the eastern boundary of the State.

Tennessee Neale -, Howard (July 21): In the vicinity of Newport the
infesta7tion is severe and unsprayoed tears are destroyed or heavily infested. Eellen results are co oine obtained on large acreages
again this year with magnianm arsenate used as a spray. Many
reports of serious damage have come from other points in eastern
Tennessee.

Alabama Neale F. Howard (July 15): During the month reports of the
beetle were received from Elmore and Jhambers Counties. (July 21)
The infestation is increasing .a~ m- lds of beans have bean
destroyed, In general, the infestation has been lighter than
in previous years and some early beans m ud without serious
injury from the beetle. The survival over the winter in hibernas
tion cages was lower than the previous year.

Mississippi R. W. Harned (July 7): The Mexican bean beetle has now been
found on two properties in the northern part of Lee County. This
makes five counties in the northeastern part'of the State that are
now infested: Itaqmba,. Tisha.igo, Alcorn, Prentiss, and Lee.

Wyoming C. Lo Corkins (July lO): I have neglected to report this pest,
which I found upon coming, to the State last year. This is
apparently, from all records available, the third season here of
this new pest. it has extended its range 30 miles north of last
years infestation.

SEED-RITRN IAGGOT (Hvle_yia cilicrura Rend.)

New York C. R. Crosby (J~ne 19): Infested plants received from Rochester,'
(July 3): About one-half of bean crop destroyed in some fields
at Ith ca. (July 7): A 6-acre field badly damaged at Shoe!dUJ.








Michigan R. '1q. Pettit (Urly 22): 77e have had scriua's attacIs Of the
bean and seed-corn mo-t x than arY.0t2ner Dvra
years. Tx~qjai'y into condiin _sho7 h ~ C~Sta h
land was seeded late, u~vi-ig7 -C u.r pxranL& lateS.-lp
and that the seed was sown deeply ,tier 72.fehmnr
applied j':!st before rloring,. Those condition are uid ubtedly very favcr alule frtcm the s tandpoirnt of "%-he insect. Beanlrowers
are very prone -to blame the -vork of the bean Trag ct on -the
bean wveevil azid are constantly = it ing in to ge soe statement
whereby they can, place the blame on thlis other insect and.,
consequently, claim damages from the seedsran. This mistaken
notion on the part of tlhe growers has necess-_.tatled the ru' abication of -many articles exonerat-ing s ed.Emcnrl from
responsibility in causing the outbreak of mag 70"G
B3EAN TINGIT:D _.-~p Ia irses Chamfp.)

Mexico Re H. Van Zwalwrw1,m7, (Jile 25): Eggs and all stages of this
insect 'were tb,,_-aant on beans near Los TMochisip Sinaloa, in
Yebrldary Determined by Dr. Carl J. Drak-e,



PEA; A1H1I (L'Il n o -a -o 2s Kal t)

Rhode Island A. E, Stene (Jtf~.y 18): Tihe pea aphid. has shorn vp in a f ew
places in consid-erable quaantities -out I have e-Tamninad a large
number of f iel ds of peas where appar en-Liy not a singl e aph id could.
be found.

1~TewYorkL. C. Tyler (June 21): AXphids are becoming very numerous
in somne plantvin gs in Nassau Cootnty.,

Davis (June 29): Rather abundant In certain plantings in Suffolk Couonty.

W~isconsin Jo E& Duadley, Jr. (June 30):. Attacking peas in Columbia and
Dodge Counties. They are s1_ghtJy more aWb-ndant than normal, considering a late se, oona and LaegrealJly ii-creased since
last month by 1,00_0 per cent or more. Great. abundance of
s pias anI coccinclIlds of severz:l1 species, each attacking aphiav fflIa. T _rgoi~ ies ~v~ in certain fields and has
cut ai~rll5 dor.n to srrial.l frac14Lon of i-rs original numbers in marnr f-eUO-s of alfalfa, and poa3, S-yrpids and coccinellids sti.:i scarce -in pea fields. L~a.;cold,. wet season, in
southern pa -f Sc~ frt -~r~ -1our weeks Late. All the way f rom 15 to 20 per ceat of cro-p destrc-rea in some pea fields
and 90 per cent or cver in other oLea f ie]ds and most alf alf a fields. In one or two alfalfa fields watch1,ed constantly the
fungous has twice cleaned up aphids and du~ing the last three days it has spread with the'.~vatost ra~pjalty to certain pea
fields. High per cent of syrphid Larvae found parasitied.




186
B. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from Door County..

CUCUMBER S

STRIPED CUCvWER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Ehode Island A. E. Stene (July 1S): The striped cucumber beetle has been
quite abundant,
New York L.C. Tyler (June 21): They are found riddling the foliage of
cucumbers, squash, and melons in Nassau County, making it necessary
to apply control measures everywhere.

W. B. Davis (June 28): Present in large numbers in Suffolk County.

Michigan R. H. Pettit (July 22): The cucumber beetle has appeared in force
in the State this year. Wehave recommended arsenate of soda
and gypsum dust which is apparently being used successfully,
although some growers seem to prefer using the more expensive
nicotine dust and enjoy seeing the immediate discomfiture of the
little pests.

Wisconsin S. B. Fracker (July 15): Reported from the following counties:
Barren, Brown, Crawford, Dane, Eau Claire, Bond du Lac, Jackson,
Jefferson, Portage, Washington, Waushara, Winnebago, and Wond.

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): On cucurbits the stkped cucumber
beetle continues more numerous than usual.

Oregon Don C. Mote (May 22): Attacking cucumbers at Grants Pass.

TWELVE-SPOTTED CUCUMBR-BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-punctata Zf4 )

Indiana H. F. Dietz (June): The twelve-spotted.cucumber beetle has been
very abundant. In some cases they have-riddled young bean plants badly. These beetles have also been found feeding on such unusual
things as young peach foliage early in the month. This is due to
the fact that its normal #ood of corn and melons was lacking at thi
time.
M[ELONS

~LOil APHID ( _himoss pii 'Glov.)

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): Luring the lastvtwo weeks several
complaints have been received of injury to cantaloupes and watermelons by this aphid,

Nobraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): The melon aphid, rather oddly,
has not as yet appeared in its usual abundance.

STRIPED CUCJBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

Arkansas A. J. Ackerman (July 17): Requests are often received at this
station for information ot the control of this insect from growers
of me1'n. First-brood adults are very numerous now.






187SOUTERN GREN STINK-BUG (Nozara viridula t.)

Louisiana Bureau of Entomology Monthly Letter, No. 122 (Juno): C. E. Smith,
of Baton Rouge, reports that the southern grooeen stink-bug hes been
the cause of severe injury to watermolon and cantalcupe vines
in this State. At the time of his visit the insect had largely disappeared but con-dderablo injury had already boon caused, tho
growing tips of the vines having booeen killed by punctures made by
the insect. Cantaloupe vines suffered the heaviest injury.

CUTWORMS (Noctuidae)

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 3): Cutworms have hnd are yet doing damage
to large areas of watermelon seedlings at hLe Dalles.

SQUASH

SQUJASH BUG (.nasa tristis DocG.)

Massachusetts A. I. Bcurne (July 24): First-instar nymphs of squash bugs were
noted here at the College about July 6 and 9. County gent
of Middlesex County reports that they have made their appearance on greenhouse cucumbers in considerable quantities, for the first
time within his experience.

Nebraska M. H. S enk (June 15-July 10): Complaints of injury by the squash
bug began to be received during the third week in June.

SQUASH LADY-B ELE (Epilachna borealis Fab,)

North Carolina F. Sherman (July 5): This species is now sent in mrre often than
formerly, being often mistaken for the Mexican bean beetle. This
mistake is all the more natural by reason of the fact that adults
of this species often occur on beans.

SQUJASE-VITE BORE (Melittia satyriniformis Huebn.)

Massachusetts A. I. 3curne (July 24): The first eggs of the squash-vine borer
were found in the field here at Amherst on July 5 and from that
date on to the present can be found in considerable abubdance.
ONIONS

ONTON TERIPS (Thrips tabaci T 4a.)

Connecticut R. 3, PFiend (July 12): Thrips are very numerous on set onions
at Wethersfield but injury is not sufficiently severe to wilt
the plants.

ONION MAGGOT (Hvlemyia antique Meig.)

New York A. G. Newhall (June 29): Unusually abundant this year at Williamson.
(July 5): They continue to take an unprecedented toll and the
end is not yet in sight as the flies were observed still laying eggs
on July 2.





-188
U7 D. Davis (July 5): Have caust. heavy loss in ono field in


Wisconsin S. B. ?rccer (July 15): Reported from Brown and 0)rcid~a Counties.

Illinois C. Co Compton (July 12): The first brood of onion maggots have
severely adoinagod cnicn sets in Cock Coun~ty, causing a loss of 33 Per cent to the -ro-7~er s. Second**brood adults are emerging
in large niamba-rs at this time.

CIELE.YI

P4RSNIP LEAF-M1INEh (Acidia fratria Leew.) Connecticut R& B. Friend (July '12): Very slight infestation at Wethersfield.
Probably Acidia fratria Loew. Mines fairly extensive in loaves.



SUCR-BM VIEBCRM (Loxosteae sticticalis L.) Nebraska M. H. S7wenk. (June 15-July 10):- From Sccttsblxi.ff and Kimball
Counties come re-ports of a pleL~ud36 of the sugar-beet webworm.
Th'e first brood of worms of the year began ha, tching about June
20 ,and the spucius was found aevcloering no-.t only on sugar beets
but on several others of its food plants as well.

STGAR-B',,T I'E11ATODE (Hote:-odera schachtii Schmidt) Utah Geo* F. Knowlton (July 11): Conn7iderabhlo damage is being done
to beets in northern Utach by the sugar-bect nematodo-.

AS5-GRZ1 BLISTBR-BEETLF (M-icrobasis unicc r Kby.) Utah Gee. F. Knowlton (July 15): ~ blistcr-beztles are damaging
mangels in a few7 fields at Wialtsa-e.

B3EET R~OOD APHID (Pemphigus betae Doane) Utah Gee. F. Knowlton (July 11): The bo-et root a-phid is present tbrovghout the boec-t-growing area of the Sta-te and certain fields in
Lcwiston and Ceriiish aro boing noticeably affected.

SiG -3' T FQ-.00_1.ZCT fTetanops alci ich-i -endel TJt-h GcOo. F, Knowlton (utly 11): ThQ sugar-boet rcot-inaggot is present
throughout the northeirna p-.rt of the State and especially doing
d-mase in Oor-nish, L~ewiston, and Trenton.

SpimJACH L:. zM~ aa (pv~~yccrmi Pan z.)

New York L. C. Tyler (June 28) : Plentiful on beets :and spinach in somo
places in Nassau Count-.

Connecticut R. B~. Friend 'July 10): 1lost of the drna-e to beets -nd spinach
done by this insect occi:rred in June aouiid :-To, Hla-en.









189MINT

A FLEA-BEETLE (Halticinae)

Michigan Lo G. Gentner through R, H. Pettit (July 22): I wish to report
the finding of a flea-beetle larva on roots of peppermint which
h;.s been working for several years back in the plantations of
Mr. Todd of Mentha.

FOUR-LINED PLANT-BUG (Poecilocapsus lincatus Fab.)

New York C. R. Crosby (July 1): A large bed of mint nearly ruined
at Buffalo.

STREET POTATOES

SEET-POTATO WE-VIL (Cylas formicarius L.)

Mississippi L. Cockerham (July 20): At this period of the year I may
safely say that there are less sweet-potato weevils in this
State than we have had for several years. This is due in part
to severe freezes which reached to the coast last winter and
caused a goodly portion of the barked tubers to be frozen.
Seed and plants have been unusually scarce this spring and the
crop in this locality is very short as a result. In a gre.t
many instances there are no potatoes planted on the individual
farms.
S7EET-?OTrT0 LEAF-BEELLE (Tynophorus viridicyaneus Crotch)
South Carolina Philip Largiabill (J-une 9): Specimens on sweet potato injuring
plants near Columbia received on this date.

J. A. Berley (July 9): Reported-as doing considerable damage
at Blythewood, acnough so as to warrant control.

TURTIP

TURNIP APHID (Rho alosinhum pseudobrassicae Davis)

Mississippi M. M. High (July 25): Did severe injury to the late turnip
crop an the Mississippi Coast.

FLEA-EE.ELES (Halticinae)

Mississippi M. M. High (July 25): The striped turnip flea-beetle has been
doing serious injury to turnips on the Mississippi Coast the past
month along with Phyllotrta bi.-oustrlata Fabo which was found
in lesser numbers.








S0U T HER 1 F IE L D-0R 0P I TE CT

CC'TTOT

BOGLL ~VT-L (Anthonom':s 'grandas B oh.)

North F. Shernam (JO~Y 5): The first specimens on- YOunilo. cotton
Carolina wcre fo-c.nd on May 14 in a southern count,,, The spring emergence
has been very light until at this date (jruly 3) -Virs3t blooms
are appearing with very few. fields, if' any, having been
suf 1iciently infested to need the "Pre-square" ap-pl ications of
ppis.S In view of the very light ifsaonve are emnphasizinlg
the gathering and bur'iing of squaares, especiallY in case of those who are not prepared to use the standard dust method
later. Our cotton is belated, and the weevilfs are both belated and~ .r;thsfacts led A vs to expect that the dusting POin (Of' 10 per cont) will be reached in mnoct fieb.ds later than
usual and tIhat many fields may no-; aced to be.wted, but the
continual rains make us uwneaDsy on this point.

Geor-ia Pi. C6 B; *sh cp p (JuI y '2 9 1: Reqpo rt4s -dated Jul-'y 21 em-tuating
from the county ag,.mts kri various pai';s o0:' Goorgia show the
injury from the boll veovil to be ccorara ivo]_-7 light ,ranging,
from less than 1 per cent infestaticn to about 15 per cent.

IMIississiPPi Ro 7T. Hc-.rncd (July 1): Boll weevils are ap-arntly less numerous
in this Sta--te at the. present tiioe than at this date during any of' the past ten or tralve years. Hcwevor, there are some boll
Weevils in c-)tton fields in cvery~s(,ction of' the State.

Oklahoma Ee E. Srholl (JulIy 1.7): The diitr.b.t ion-cf the cotton boll
wevi has boon clo-w up t o the pr ceent t !in. The adults of the first brood are unow bc, nniria to ,hov socne doego;,ree of' activity
and indict ions are that a la:)rg:e percenitage of the second brood
will d~vclop successfully because of' the fact that we haver
cloudy and showiery vioather at the present tme Prf abn
of' the College reports some degree of''oatrol. by paras.ites and.
indicatio_-no: are that parasitism wTi'..l b~e higher this season than
it ever has boon,

C,;*OIT L710ORM (AIlabam raea Hubn.)

Louisiana Goo. A. 1-Ioaioy (jiiy 23): Report received from Dr, .Hnter
on this date statin,7 th1at this inc;Lt is pru-sent and'active at Brq,7rsvillo and :.c.Alern, exas. Infestation is reported
as1 t

COTTON BED SPIDM5 (Toti:2nyc hus tolarius L..)

South 3. A. Borly (Julyv 17): The cotton red spideDr has aLt tracteCd
Carol ina, attention in vac-rious ptarts of' thu. State tIhough nc serious
outbreaIks have been reported.
~~I2~T~POAT IL 3TL (~ohrus virdcyancus Crotch)
South J. A1. Jorly (July 9): Reported feeding on cotnat Anderson.
Corolina190-








191
GARDEN FLEAHOPPER (Halticus aitri Ashm.)

South J. A. Berly (July ): Local damage to cotton adjoining alfalfa
arolina fields in Fairfield County.

COTTON FLEA (P-allus seriatus Rout.)

Texas F. C, Bishopp (July.29): The cotton flea is reported by
correspondents of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics as
causing serious- injury- to cotton in Texas&

COTTON APHID (4his gossypii Glov.)

South J. A. Berly (July 18): Several inquiries have been received in
Carolina regard to control from several counties.

Louisiana Geo. A. Maloney (July 24): Cotton aphids are reported as doing
considerable damage to the crop in the vicinity of Port Gibson,
Miss. ,'causing serious shedding.

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June): During the latter part of May and early
June many fields of cotton in northern Texas were infested with
aphids. While they produced considerable curling and discoloration
of the leaves they apparently caused no sericus dam.age.

CTTONT SqUARE-BORER (Uranotes mrelinus Hbn.)

South J. A. Berly (July 21): Reported from Seneca, Oconee Ccunty, as
Carolina not doing serious damage.

Oklahoma E. E. Scholl (July 17): The cotton soqare-borer is doing
considerably more damage to cotton squares at this time than any
other insect in Oklahoma. Parasites are beginning to show up,
however, and we hope that the natural control will be complete
in a very short time.

COTTON BOLLWORM (Helicthis obsoleta lab.)

North F. Sherman (July 5): For the third consecutive year we have had
Carolina reports of this species attacking foliage and stems of young cotton
plants in'early season, occurring in numbers and showing somewhat
the habits of armyworms.

COWPFAPOD WEEVIL (Chalcodermus anneus Boh.)

North F' Sherman (July 5): Each year, and especially since the boll
Carolina weevil invaded the State, this species is sent with reports of its
damage to young cotton plants; it severs young stems and leafpedicels, but the injury is usually temporary. The insect is often
mistaken for the boll weevil of course.








SUGAR CANE

SMALLER SUGAR-CANE MOTH BCRER (Chilo.lofting pyar )

Mexico R. H. Van Z7alawcnry (June 25): The most important sugar-cant
pest in the State of Sinalba, breeding throughout the year.
This year it greatly 6utnumbers Diatraea ]ineoilata Walk.,
between g80 and 90 per cent of all stalks being infested, and
about 15per cent of all Joints.. Infestation practically uniform in plant and ratoon cane. Other hosts are rice, corn, sorghum, para grass, Johnston grass,and a native river-cane.
In volunteer rice this spring it was parasitized by Chelonus
sp* to the extent of about 23 per cent. In addition two species of Ichneumonidae parasitize .it in this locality.

SUGAR-CANE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)

Mexico R. H. Van ZWaluweaburg., (June 25): Next to Chilo the most
important pestro:> Jugar-cane in western Mexico. Present in somewhat less numbers this past season as compared with the
two previous crops. Prnimarily a pest of plant cane; infestation
in fatoons is invatiably much lower. Percentage of stalks
infested, season of 19244 Fall qnd spring plant cane, 60 per cent; ratoons (all ages), 30 per cent. Percentage of
joints infested: Plant cane, 8 per cent; ratoons, 4 per cent.
From October to May it is present in larval and pupal stages
only. Earliest emergence of adult noted this year, May 14, Heavily parasitized by Trichogramma-.inat Riley which was
already at work on eggs of the first generation early in
June. A native ichneunonid also parasitizes this species,
but only rarely.

A BLACK BEETLE probablyy Elade omissa borealis Blais.)

California E A. McGregor (June 19)': Mr., McLaren, manager, took us over tb
2,000-acre ranch at Alpaugh, in Tulare County. We had no
trouble finding the cause of the alarm. The offender is a
larg black tenebrionid beetle. The insect is inactive during
the daytime, hiding then under the protection of earth clods,
clumps of weed, fence rails, old burlap, etc. From our studies it seemed certain that the pest occurred in this
field at the date of easily 10,000 individuals per acre. Of the
2,000 acres in the entire ranch, 8 acres were heavily infestadc
The work consists in gnawing the main stem at the crown of the plant, resulting either in the complete severence of the
stem or in toppling it over so that the terminal portion dies.
Many plants were thus attacked. The encroachment of the pest
seemed to take place Chiefly from a wi:d nc4ltivated area lying to the south and west of the cotton field. The ranch
manager claimed that the migration took place from the southwest, and that the individuals advance at a good rate of travel.
The greatest concentration of the pest appeared to be among








the wee& groxh' along fence borderss# to vhich poin~ts. the beetles
were. said to tetreat',witlh the ri'sin; of ..,. sonowvee
had no trqublec in f ind J.ng th ou sancl s o -j i-z,iQiaal s c onceal ed about
the field,
The ranch authorities had nmplied poisoned ban f L st ad of the day of my visiit, This -7as ilj. :dv~ised sInce the ethd
mostly become inac-tiva bty that time-. How-3verT cn e ziiul
were founxd that had suaccxambed to this trPeatment. it gives promise
that if applied rith -the setting *of th-e sun satisfactory control
may Jfo1ow~
Probably the beetles' have been forced tot attack the cotton., Owing -to the destruction of the native plants which constitute the 'natural food of the Pe st. In additional. the past 7111 Or was a very dry one with a result-ing scar3:city cf'-native plant growth, This would tend to force insects, wintG-ring throu, gh3 to Migratc
to cultivated crops for su-ppprt,.
The fact remains that this Eleodes occurs at present as a very
bad pest of cotton, in. the Alpaugh district,

F OR E ST AND SHA-D'F-TPLEE INSE CT S

MLCTj.:FoJ F siparia wS

SN0171iW.IT LIDEN~ :.cira (Enncrics subia risjii

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The adult mo-ths of thi 's.insec-t were
reported abundant in. the- vicinity of Portland on 3,tJy 1~4,
PERIODICAL~ CIZAD.A (a-ib c se U, nc n 1.)

BROOD XXIII

Illinois .7, P. Flint (.Julyv 21): Brood r.X1JU of the suventoon-year cicada,
13-year variety, has a-ppe.-rea in n, arly -ill wor ,ed sections of Illinois south of a line drxawn trgh Aa-a4n, a,,,. Decat" .Tl
and Flnz--5bal I Mo, in .many ofF the wocod) a-,)ds adu.2t S have been
suf ficient"Oy abxidmnt so that the dead tls of t7wigs may be
eas~yseen -vhen rid-ing on trai-as. -It hrs no~t been e~cessively
abun-dant, hc7EVer, and has caused vG-ry little injury to orchards
or shade trees0

'Ilississip'ni R. W. Harnced (July ):Brood =X1.1'0of thec ppriodicqJ. cicada
has Jr6"oab"-y now disappeared in this Statel, No specimens hrave
*been received Curinag the prst riedk. Th1-is insect was definitely
recot~ded this year from the -Lcllcx*ng counties: A:lcorn~, Benton..
*Bolivar-, Cal".oun, Coahor-ra. Carro-l, Copiali, DeSoto, Grenada,
Holmes, Sx-phreys, LaF'ayette, Loalro, Lee, I-oflore, Madison,
Marshall, !.ontgoraeryr, Pontotocc, Pr_-rnt'1sc-, Ran!271n, 'Sunflowrer,
Ta-:te, Tippah. Union, Yalobusha, Washi-_vgton, and Yazoo.

-BROrv TTAIL. 1C!I'H (ZLPr c ct is chr.,jsorrhoea L.)

N~ew Hampshire P. R. Lowry (July 19): Found first e'!-gvmasses today, This insect
is on the increase in southeastern N&7ew 1-impsh ire' and has stripped
a number of orchards at Thrham,







WHITE-MARKED TUSSOCK MOTH (Hemerocpa leucostigma S. & A.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The tussock moth has defoliated linden
trees in LaFayette during the past few weeks.

H. F. Dietz (July 24): Tusshck moth caterpillars are more abundant
than for several years, especially noticeable at Indianapolis and
Frankfort.

FALL WESUoAEM (Hyphantria cunea Drury)

Mississippi R. W, Harned (July 7): The fall webworm is very rare at the
present time in the northeastern part ..of the State, but is appearing
in large numbers in the southern part. During 1922 and 1923 this
insect was much more abundant in the northern part of the State
than in the southern part. During the last week in May the moths
were abundant and numerous egg masses were noticed. Since then
the webs have been conspicuous :by their absence. It is thought
that natural enemies have held them in check.

BAGWORM (Thridopteryx ephemeraeformis Haw.)

Kansas J. W. McColloch (July 1S): Reports from the following localities
have been received during the past month: -Lane, injuring pines and
cedexs; Garnett, stripping foliage of plum, apple, and cherry,
with statement that this insect killed the cednrglast year;
Coldwater, attacking arborvitae. This report indicates that the
bagworm is spreading westward in Kansas.

BOXELDER

A LEAF ROLLER
Wyoming C. L. Corkins (July 10): Have not reared this through for identification yet. Shade trees and other trees in parks are being ruined by this insect. A roller is also doing damage to apple trees, but
it may be another species. These are beirg reared.

CATALPA

CATALPA MLIDGE (Cocidomyia catalpae Comst.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (Jul.y 22): Injury to the tips of branches of catalpa
wore reported from Marion on July 15. The tips of the branches,
usually the first node from the terminal growth, showed an
infestation of a cecidomyiid larva in cavities inside of the twigs.
These are probably the catalpa midge.

CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catalpae Boisd.)

Indiana H. F. Dietz (July 11): The first generation of the catalpa sphinx
seems to be more abundant than usual this year in spots and many trees showed almost complete defoliation by the end of June. The hatching of the eggs of this caterpillar took place about June 5, and the full-grown caterpillars were leaving the trees by the end








of the month. Parasities seemed to be quite scarce on those
first-generati'on caterpillars. One of the common ground-beetles,
Scarites subt.erraneus Fab., was observed to catch the caterpillars
after they left the trees, to drag them into the ground,and there
to devour them at leisure,.

J. J. Davis (July 22): Te ca,;talpa sphinx has beEn reported very
abundant throughout the southern two-thirds of the State, occurring
in conspicuous and injrious numbers at least as far north as
LaFayette.
FOUR-HORNRD SPHINX (Ceratomint mentor Hbn.)

Ohio E.W. Mendenhall (July 22): Found the four-horned sphinx infesting
catalpa trees in Yellow Springs, Green County. Spraying with
arsenate of lead- is being used to destroy them.

ELM

EUROPEAN ELM SCALE (ossyParia suria Modeer)

Indiana H. F. Dietz (July 11): The European elm scale is attracting
considerable attention over the whole northern phrt of Indianapolis
in a strip running from 39th Street to 5'4th Street, and from
Millersville across to northern Indianapolis. Inspections were
made at Millersville, in northern Indianapolis, and in the
vicinity of the State fair grounds. The infestations at illersville
and west of the fair grounds are very heavy. The hatching of this
scale began on June.11 and was still in progress on June 30.

Nebraska M. H. Senk (June 15-July 10): A second infestation of elms by
this scale has been found in Nebraska, this time in the town of
McCook, Redwillow C6untyo

WOOLLY ELM APHID (Eriosoma americanum Riley)

North Dakota R. L. Webster (June 29): At Fargo this insect was attacking elm.
Abundance as compared with an average yehr seemed greater.

1LM LEAF-BEETLE (G1.alerucella luteola uell.)

Ohio E.W. Mendenhall (July 22): First elm leaf-beetles ever reported
from Clar: County were found on this date. Found on street trees
in New Carlisle. The daage is not very great. They had been
found in Dayton some years ago.

Michigan R. H. Pettit (July 23): Ibis insect was found at Monroe. Mr.
C. L. Burton, county agricultural agent, has just brought in
specimens and reports the partial defoliation of a goodly number
of elms in the city of Monroe.

ELM LEAF-MINER (Kaliofenusa ulmi Sund.)

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (June 23): Several camperdown elms severely injured
at Bennington.




.i .. . .
-1 96- i~ii


COCKSCnMB ELM GALL (Colopha 01micoiA Fitch)
Indiana J. J Davis (July 22): The cockscomb 'elm gall, mostly ot2 ha
ulmicola, has been received from all parts of the State the past
month.
HICKORY,

A BORER (Arius arcuatus Say)

West Monthly Letter-of the Bureau vf Entomology, No. 122. (June 1924):
Virginia Fred E. Brooks, in.charge of the Bureauts laboratory at French
Creek, W, Va, writes as follows: "Serious injury to young
shargbark hickory and pecan trees by MArilus arcuatus Say has been
observed recently in several localities. The larva spends two years in the wocd and twice during its life severs the branch
or trunk in which it is working. Wood frcm balf an inch to
slightly more than n- inch in diameter is entirely severed, except the bark, and the part above dies. In one block of young hickory trees in a nursery in Virginia the writer estimated that a hundred
dollar's worth of trees had been ruined. Injury very similar in nature and extent to that described above is being done by
larvae ,of Pseudibidian unicolor. This species attacks small
hickory and pecan trees and also severs branches of larger trees.
In a pecan grove at Petersburg.,amany fruiting branches were
breaking during the month of May as a result of cuts made by the
larvae of this species.

SJGAR-MAPLE

MAPLE BORER (Glycobius peciosus Say)

New Hampshire P. R. Lowry (July 9): Sugar-maple shade trees have been severely
damaged. Adults are no'w; present in large numbers at Durham.

COTTONY I4APLE SCALE (Fulviharf4a vitis L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 22): The cottony maple scale continues to appear
in some localities in abundant and destructive numbers, but apparently
is not as abundant as the past few years.

OAK
OAK PRUME (Elaphidio i10u a.
iiidion villosum Fab.)

Michigan R. H. Pettit (July 22): The oak-twig-pruner is attracting more
attention than usual this year.



PIE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)
Indiana H. F. Dietz (July 11): The pine scale continues to be one of the
worst pests of the various kinds of pines and spruces that are used
in ornamental planting. The hatching of the eggs of this scale
tcheplace during the first week in June and owing to the excessive
rainfall the young scales did not have anopportunuty to afawl








-197
very far. Hence they settled down near t'he mother scale in large
numbers,, This will result in the t,-ees sl-1e" iVng a larej Tramber
of th-e info)sted need~ies owin~g to the hea--vy drain on the *ood
SUPpi Y.

TIP 110TH ( Phyacionia bushnalli Busck)

Nlebraska ToE, Snyder (Jul~y 1 j: A very serious sitZ1al'ion has developed
in the tosof the Nler-ska, xhiional 2Forests, 1"WA~s
established in 19009 showed 53 per cent 'nfcstatii 'by the ti-p
moth in the fall of 1913, while the same plot in 192,4 sh cwe d
63 per cent. Damnage was so severe thdt in many caaes {"rees are being killed. The cndition is made more serious by the spread
of this insect in shipments of Kinkaid trees ohchare sent
out by the Bessey Niveries every year. About 16,,,00 of these
trees have been d-ilStributed so far, and the inferitation is
appearing in -pjantations- throughout the State,,
The ref ores tat ion pro. ect in the Sa d H.l ofLzt Nebraska is being seriously interferred with by this infestation.

Colorado, New T. E. Snyder Jtly 1): Mr, Rohrer sport some time in Colorado, Mexico and Natic, -. Forests and. in N cia o-rsin -New, !Iwxico a-d
Arizona Arizona and reported that t-p 7-oii'.~ as iour,.d thLlrroughout
this region,, baut nct !7as ;r.-u L.; baha T injury
in Ne-w Nlexico and Arizona i;3 due t'Vo iinc Vhe: species, probably
Rhyaconia neom,?xicana Dyar.

A SA7~TY (-Yec~di rrion -pinetum Norton)

Connecticut W. E. Britton (Iuly 21): Several trees defoliated at Hamden.

POPLAR

A LEAF-MINEP~ (T.hvl ocrA i pyt9&a.e3.la Chamb.)

Oregon Don C, Mote. For the ln~two -Y&ars leaves have been tEurning
and falling off at Fort ~aah

COTTCTIUCQD L-E=JLE (lima scripta FbQ,) et al.
Indiana H. F. Dietz. (Jul'-y 11): nie poplar and willow leaDf-beetles1
Linn' scr ipaFab., and Lina inrterr-a-ita Fab. pare abundant on
various 17:.ids olC willows and p~rs. In many places,, due to the fact Pt the adit beetles and their la-,rvae eat off the
upper surfa-ce of the leaf., leav:Lng the lower epildermis
intact- the trees appe',r a-s if t'Uhey were scorched by f ire,,
The second generation: of beetles were beginning to appear on
June 26.

SATIIN MOTH (silrnotia salijci-s L.)

New Hapshire P. R~, Lowry (June 23): This insect has done -considereible
damage to ponl-xs in Nash'ua and Port snouthv









-1 95SPRUCEJ



N~ebraska M. H. S v7e ak (Jun e 1.Jily 15) Bur&rZ the past week a number
of c., :plaints of inii,.r to spni"tces,, c'6dars. ohe
evergreem trees by the commoni red.vnAt ha*7e been received
from different local it 'es ia easte;ii ";ebrasla.

SPRUJCE 313 CPO~q1V (llarraga furuferana Cl em.,) Idaho Monthly Letter Bulreau of Fntomology$ No., 122 (31tme 1924): 'While
on a recent examinati-on in the Coeur 410ere N~at iom*"I Forest, H,, J. Rust found the spruce bdwor-I becoming W7ell establiished.
One-thiiL,. to cne-ha3 -f grovii iarv?.e were o'n white p,'Ine., larch, be-mlock, ,vhi%,e fir~ Doloas fjr.s -ajr ~nE~ spruce
reprod~jction 2Lj-r7ae were also found on larg-e white fir.,
hemlock, and~ larch.

CILEPJAES COOLEYI GILLETE Connecticut W.E Britlton (iy 19): targe gal s noted at* Waterbury.
Adults emerging,

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 1~4): Found at W~irrendale attaclcin- -Douglas
fir.

SPRUCE L7,ITE (rarwc u n )JrflmJs Jac.)

Connecticut Philip Garman (july 22): m-~ach d, ,mnage to young trees at N'ew
Havlen done by this insect,

TULIP T11YE SCSALE (T9~Y';-! C1!a Grel.)

Indiana 3. J Dav is (Jul~y 22): '7as Weotdau~t~to ui re
at A-110~anyJuly 8. The crrI:Li: re-jorf*t'r Tha-t they
were esoecially conspicuous becz.%' y attracted so many other
insects.

117,S ECT S A TACK I NG GREENIHOUSE

A ND ORNIAMENT AIL P L AITT S

MTSC711,AY\mUS FR, S

BLACK V117 77=VIL (Brachyrhuii'us EW.Cat~us Fab,):

N~ew York C. R,. Crosby (June 27): Slowly killing a $ew hedge dt Glen
cove.
IHiJTICUS l1TRMIDIUS 1jHL. Mississippi R. 17. Harned (Ul-y 7'): An insect tent-,,ti~~ely determined as
Halticus intermedius is causing considerable dt-vage to clernatis,
in Starkville.-









BLISTER-BEETLE.S (Me lo icae)

Minnesota A~. C1 Pu~g~es (JuTry 9): One of the -nost in teresting things
right -,ow7 is the alhundanxic of b1is-'e:L7-,beeties. These are
attacking vigorously the Caraegana h-.edges, several of the g-arden
flowers, leaves of ao'>:r9and : the f iold, ar e doDing
considerable damage to clover an~d particularly alfalfa. The
particular s-ecies thpt is doing the raost of' the injury is
Macr ob -, is 11 :jL r X ir by.

ZE3RA CATERPIIJZP (Marestra pLicta Harris)

Indiana H., F. Dietz (June)-, -T 'The zebra caternillar is rnbre abundant
this year than at any time within, the 1past five sea-sons. It
has been particularly troublesome on cabbage, iris, gl~dia.oth5
Swiss chard, and beets.

CORIN ROOT-APHlID (A~iq maidji-r:,dicis Forbes)

Indiana E. F. Dietz (June): The corn root-aphid has been found to be
an unusually serious pest on' ornan-er2al -flou.ers of the
co-noosite familtr. It is also exoeedlir 7*.y abundant on the roots of some roeds s--,c:h a s the coruron broad-leaf plantain,
dandelion,, and 7wild Jett-ace.

A SAWFI:Y (AbIaJ americana. C1fcss.)

Connecticut 1% R. Britton (July IS):- A honeysuckcle bush, Loaicera- sp.
defoliated by la-rvae at Thoraston.

ICOT INE SLI2LLEZP ITJUBY

Indiana H. F. Dietz (Jurne): Nicotine smaLh.)te at the strength of 1
to 500 with thel ordinar-y so-:&iy 7,.reader has cc~azed burning on such plants as sweet peas. nastuurtams, arnd hardy perennials,
ow7ing to the tender growT'h.

ASTLS

APTEIDS (Aphididae)

Indiana J. J,. Davis (July 22):- Numerous reports of aphids on the
roots of a-sters have been recei cA -'.or aros sections of the
State. Sorme of these no dou~t are the co-wmon root-aphid but others are one of the Common white roAt,infestin- forms, the
identity of' which has -ot been determined.

CAPJAT I T,

VIc-IEGAEI CLuTT,,OR!( T~ycophotia margnxitosa Ha7.)

Maine E, M. Pat ch (July 1): A report states "they have bothered us
only the past year. They are terrors on carnations." Report
was received from Portland.

COLI9A" RTI-









-20C

C Tlmrq i 117
"30=7bZTE LE 2-77AINZZ C,7L Hardy)

Indiana J, J, Dav (jiAy 22)-: The coi.%lim'tine leaf-miner -7as reported
frornTort V1az7,ite as dol ,z to columbine
J%,lr 19. Gur cbLc--v,' -tions LidicPte, t.hnt this insect 'has been Cleo in OTrer sectims of the 'Stace the past- few T7e&17.s,

GOLI)TEN(ILOW

SA7.FLY (species undetermined)

Connect icut T. Z,, Britton (July 11): C-rwr blacT. :-s-,oct..Ed sawfly larvae
had 1efo)A 7itcd a large -.7atCh of at Ifost
of the Iw.,,vae had matured and the Plants., 'but some material was collected for the purposee of tearing adiiLts.

n S

TRIS 3ORM (ilaconoc.tua omista Orote)

Indiana- H. F. Dietz (J-cme' Tlae Tris bo r'er is des-ructive
t'his yelir ar.d. ninny cornplalTits have beren, re.c.,--tved dizzying the 1I -om -e, s c -as ,7ho rrow ir ,1 71:, f.r
morit" f 7 1 -is Or 1-1,, oaL p3n gs.The
damage donr, b,,r thts insect is increazeI lb r the f Lct that it Lco :!),I e -ool--ct bacteriw:i., w1nich k4lls the t hoot
infested 'by t1ae bcrer.

P-TIM

RED SPID'M, (Tetr,1..yc!1r..s tPI-c-ri.Us L.)

Indiana J.. J. Donors (JUy 22): IReel slyiders have '_-een very abun&mt
-at LaFnyette mid other o [' -'Ile E,,Ua e Ti-Olin the PC-st
fe77 'r7eets, attaeming particularly phlox and other flower-garden plants.



R= 011t=1 (11L nc .c Oac.t-711-is s1j.1,s-P3.nos13s Fab,)

New York Geo. 17, W :)-1.cott (J _fly 9) ; Dl -rc i-: b,,etl.e is Very abundant
here n., r, roqes. d7t) zi.eq_, D'U- O:berries, black alder,
and -,rid trcr s, T.Ju- -re-ported as entirely
C_>hydr.Mgea, Jm _-1 comietcry at Holland Patent"m

Nebraska Ma H. 3,,Ie k O one 15-JUIY 10): _In Ch.ase County the rosechaler occurred in mavyflights during th-B last week in Jura








-201

ROSE CURCULIO (1hynchites bicolor Fab.)

Jebraska M. H. Swenk (June ]5-July 10): The rose carcilio was unusually
numerous over the State and in Kimball County was reported as puncturing all of the rose buds and blasting them before they
opened.

COMMON ROSE SLUG (Caliroa aethions Fab.)

Indiana H, F. Dietz (Jure): Rose slugs are becoming a serious pest on
roses.

iTebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15-July 10): Roses were very heavily attacked
during the last half of June all over southeastern Nebraska by the
common rose slug.

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 1): Larvae of this insect are numerous at
Salem and Corvallis.

INSECT S AFFECT ITNG M'AN AND

DOMESTIC ANIM ALS

MAN

1 OSQUITOES (Cule spp.)

Indiana H. Diets (June): Due to the unusually wet weather mosquitoes
(Culex spp.) have been exceedighly.ab ndant .i any plnce where there is standing water. At Millersville, Muncie, Noblesviile,
and in various parts of Indianapolis mosuitces have been so
abundant that people have been forced to stay indoors after
dark. In shaded localities they are also as rmuch a nuisance in
the daytime as at night,

CHIGGES (Trombicula tlal zahuatl *Murray

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June): Chiggers contingdd to be present invery
annoying numbers throughout June. While everyone talks of their
abundance and annoyance they are probably no worse than normal
at this season of the year.

CAT AND DCG FLEAS (Ctenocephalus felis Bouche & 0, canis 3oache)

GEEA F. C, Bishopp (July 29): Have been occurring as household pests
STATEMENT in the Atlantic States in an unusu-l number of cases. A great many
complaints have been received'from Maryland, Virginia,nd
Pennsylvania.









-202
CATTLE1
STABLE FLY (Stomoxs calcitrans L.)

Texas Fo C. Bishopp (June): At Dallas the stable fly was rather
annoying to livestock during early June. At Sonora the pest was
giving no appreciable annoyance and in the vicinity of Uvalde
the abundance was below normal.

D. C. Parman (June 25): The straw or stably fly has become
noticeably annoying to livestock in sections where bundle
oats have been fed and on a. few farms and ranches this fly
iA doing considerable damage, and as high as 100 or more flies
are found on animals, In some cases the animals have wounded themselves fighting the flies and screwworm infestations hYve
followed.

HORN FLY (aematobia irritans L.)
Maryland and F. C, Bishopp (July 29):' Born flies are causing much annoyance Pennsylvania to cattle in the mountain redens of western Maryland and
Pennsylvania during July.

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June): Considerable annoyance was experienced in
Dallas County due to the horn fly throughout the month of June.
The numbers were greatly reduced, however, owing to the hot
weather which occurred about the 17th.

D. C. Parman (June 25): The horn fly has decreased considerably
through out the Uvalde section during theumonth and at present is annoying ca tle very little. In the heads of the canyons
the flies are most numerous from a few to 500 on cattle; in other
sections from O to 200 at most.

SCREWWORi4 (Chrsoma macellri a Fab.)

Texas F.- C. Bishopp (June): The number of screwworm cases in Texas has
been considerably less this spring and summer than usual.
Comparatively few cases were reported in the vicinity of Dallas
and Sonora up to June 20, At Uvalde and in the hills to the north nearly all ranchmen had some cases, the number ranging
up to about 1 tr 2 per cent. Some ranchmen who are restocking
their pastures with steers took chances with branding and dehorning in Obne and in these cases the infestation ran from 20 to
50 per cent.

BUFFALO GNATS (2h1.Aumg vittatm Zett.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June): These insects-were found in moderate
numbers in the ears of livestock pastured near running streams in Dallas County. The ears of animals were also considerably
irritated by the bites of flies, presumably of this species, in
Uvalde and Frio Counties.








-203

HORSE-TES '(Tebanidao).

Washington .F# C. Bishopp (J7uly 29): GertAin dalr~ymfefl in the Aciniflty of D. C. :Washington D. C. complain of an unprededented' abundance of
horseflies. They are so nunierotts as to cause the cattle to
seek protection throughout the day,

IEnORS-1]S

CANJYON H0RSE-mY (Tabanus rubescens Bellardi)

Texas D. C" F -P~~Gane 25): The canyon horse-fly has increased
some during the. month azd tbie infestat ion in the canyon is
.about 50 per .cept af normal or from 0 to a dozen on animals
Souring the hours ..of, activ ity, aeaigaotoet h
aninal,,4 The number in- thb-lower-country is approximately the
same. .as.last month or -abdut,.half 'as many as in the canyons.

HORSE:BOT. b. -Y (GattrathIlus int~stinalib beG.)

Texa F.C. ~isopp(Jue)~This species appeared and began laying
eggs on horses in Dallas about June 1. On June FID horses
at Reagan Ivells were observed to be rather heavily infested
r ith eggs of' this sloecies.--T"h ey are considerably earlier
than normal in their appearance this season*

--.-.TEOXABT Castro-Phil~s,"nasalis L.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June): This species appeared and began laying
eggs rop~ hprses Ain, Dallas aboi. Jimne 1. on June '20 horses at
Reagan Wells wre observed to be rather heavily infested with
eggs of this species. They.' Aensdetal ale hnnra
in their- appea-rance thi soas~n,.'

GOATS AIM SEPI.FP

LONE STAR TICK' (Anhb yornra americanum L.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp, (June): Goats *abd sheep. in certain southwestAern
Texas counties are rather heavily, infested with t1hes6 ticks.
in some instances they are- undoubtedly responsible fbr
infestations of' screww7orm.*

POULT2RY..

BUFFPALO GIIAT S (rs~rrrlium _pecuarurn R3ley)

Nevada. F. O,4.Bj.shopp (June): At the end of jkay report's kefc' received
frorff Failon. to the& ffect that, these gnats were causing serious
losses among turkeys and other poultry in that se~i6a. Some
turkeys were said to be actually killed bybithe gnats.









EUROPEAN HEN FLEA (Ceratobhyllus gallinae Schrank)

New York C. R. Crosby (June 9): This insect was s ent-in fom Frewsburg.
This is the third record that has been made of the presence of this
insect in New York State.

I N S E CT S INFESTING H OU SES AND

PREMISES

ARGENTINE ANT (Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr)

Mississippi M. R. Smith (June 30): Two, years ago one and a half city blocks
in Fayette were found infestBd with Argentine ants. In the fall
of 19?2 and the fall.of 1923 an Argentine ant campaign was put
on by the Sta te Plant Board in cooperation with the city
authorities,. Avery 6arefl inestigation on June 23 and 24
reveled no Argentine ants. and the writer feels tittle hesitancy
in stating that the ants have been acadicated. Recently this
'office received Argentine ants.from Stafford Springs and from Orvisburg. (July 7): Specimens have just been received from
Coffeeville..

PARAOAS AT (Monomorium pharaonis I,.)

Mississippi M. H. Smith (June 30): Paraohts ant is infesting numerous houses
in Meridian in which the Argentine ant was formerly the one and
only,ant pest. This seems to be replacing the Argentine ant.

LITTLE BLACK ANT (Monomorium minimum Buck.)

Mississippi M. R. Smith (June 30): The tiny black ant is infesting numerous
houses in Meridian in which the Argentine ant was formerly the
one and only ant pest. This seems to be replacing the Argentine
ant.

ANTS (Formicidae)

North Carolina F. Sherman (July 5): The complaints have been increasing in
recent years usually no specimens are sent and correspondents
merely report them as a nuisance in houses, on lawns, etc. A recent
complaint is from a hospital. Mention is sometimes made of smalll
black ants," or "large black ants," or "large red ants," from
which it is evident that several species are concerned.

Mississippi M. R. Smith (July 7): Three species have been found infesting
houses on the canpus at A. & M. College. In one house were found Iridomyrmex analis Andre and Cremastogaster laeviucula Mayr and
at another were found Monomorium minimum Buckley and CAmponotus
caryae var, decipiens Emery.






.- .......








-205

AN AiT, AI3AYALDE" (Wasmannia aurogunctata Roger)

Porto Rico Arthur B. Rosenfeld (June 23): I have observed that the common
ant of coffee groves, known locally as the above, is also aboout
the commonest ant in ice boxes, seeming to continue active at
surprisingly low temperatures.

AN ANT (Eciton schmitti Emery)

Mississippi M. R. Smith (July 21): Today the writer saw hundredsodf
workers which had been killed by a lady by means of insect powder and the $1,000 guarantee powder. The ants had made a temporary nest under several flowerpots and when discovered
were immediately killed.

GKERMAN COCKROACH (Blattella germanica L.)

Oregon Don C. Mote (June 17): In a household at Monroe.

TERMITES (Reticulitermes spp.)

G~ERAL T. E. Snyder (July 1): The following are reportsof termite
STATEMENT damage done to woodwork and contents of buildings in the
United States from July 1, 1923, to July 1,1924:

-Alabama 2 Mississippi 2
Arkansas 1 Missouri 7
California 5 Nebraska 1
Connecticut 1 New Hampshire 1
District of Columbia 21 New Jersey 2
Florida 5 North Carolina 1
Georgia 2 New York 4
Illinois 11 Ohio 5
Indiana 10 Oklahoma 3
Iowa 4 Pennsylvania 3
Kansas S Rhode Island 1
Kentucky 3 South Carolina 2
Louisiana Tennessee 1
Maryland 3 Texas 5
Massachusetts 1 Virginia 9
Michigan West Virginia 1

FLEAS (Siphonoptera)

Indiana J. J, Davis (July 22): Fleas in barns and in houses have been
very abundant as evidenced by the numerous repeats received.

SCORPIONS

Texas F, C. Bishopp (June): During early June several reports were
received of the appearance of scorpions in considenhble
numbers within houses.





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
IllIlIIIIIIIl I IlllA 1111I1111111111ll1111111111111111
-206- 3 1262 09244 5377
-206

EUROPEAN EARWIG (Forficana auricularia L.) Rhode Island A, E. Stene (Julyl8): The only complaintwhich has.reached
this office during the present month is b. the increased
as ivities in the European earwig colony in Newport.
Residents of that city are complaining that the insect
is present in unusually large numbers and is beginning to
do a great deal of damage.

Notes from the. Federal Horticultural Board (July 1):

PESTS INTERCEPTED

I. During the inspection of a shipment of grapes from
Argentina at the port of New York, May 13,1924, there was found a 6occinellid which was identified by D).. E. A. Schwarz of the Bureau of Entomology as Epilachna paenulata Germ. Dr. Schwarz accompanied the reference slip, transmitting the identification with the following pertinent comment: "This is one of the phytophagous species of doccinellid, the introduction of which into the United States is bynno
means desirable."

2. A sapodilla taken in the baggage of a passenger arriving in New York May 7,1924, on the S. S. Surinam from Dominica B. W. I., was found to be infested with larvae of the fruit-fly Anastrepha serpentina Wied.
This interception furnished what seems to be the first authentic record of the occurrence of Anastrepha orpentinaWi4 ip D omin:4c al thoughtheore are .rspc.mens
in thNatioral" Mumi -fr m T-rinidad, W. I., Sn-Juan, P. Cayuga, Gnat,, Ancon, C. Z.., and Lma&, PFera,.

i. n ships' stores in the steamer San Bruno arriving in Boston, April 6~, 19249, a mango from Costa Rica ~as taken whihn as found to be infested with frui%-fly larvae identified as Anastre-pha distans Hendel. This species is noted by the specialist making the determination as being a "rare. species."












4,