THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
Volume 2 October 1, 1922 Number 7
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
-TATE PLANT BOARD
OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES FOR SEPTEMIBER, 1922
There is practically no change in the Hessian fly situation since
the last report. Observations in Iowa indicate that the heaviest
emergence in that State is taking place in the south-central counties.
The Bureau of Entomology Survey shows a decided decrease in the
percentage infestation in Maryland, Delaware, and southwestern
Pennsylvania, while in the Susquehanna Valley of the last State there
is a marked increase.
Favorable weather in the east-central States has resulted in a
decided increase in the number of chinch bugs of the second generation
to reach maturity. In all probability an unausal number of adults
will go into hibernation in this region.
The corn earworm was decidedly less serious throughout the northern
part of its range than was the case last year.
The true armyworm was not serious over most of its rang. In Illinois
it was less numerous than has been the case for many years. A few
isolated and unimportant outbreaks developed in the west-central States,
The apple and thorn skeletonizer continues to increase in intensity
of infastatioa and in its range in New York and Connecticut.
The shot-hole borer is attracting considerable attention in the
middle Atlantic and east-central States, where it is reported as attacking
apparently otherwise healthy trees.
The potato leafhopper associated with hopperburn has been very
serious in Wisconsin and western New York.
The Mexican bean beetle is consistently spreading northward; six
new counties in Tennessee and one in Kentucky are reported infested
during this month. Very little spread has been recorded southward from
the original Alabama infestation.
The belted cucumber beetle is rapidly becoming a major crop pest
in the lower Mississippi Valley.
The boll-weevil situation remains practically as in the last
report. Boll damage is now reported as serious in many places throughout
the cotton belt.
The bollworm is reported as serious in central Georgia, western
Arkansas, and several places in Louisiana.
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The cotton worm continued heavy feeding during the month over the
Southern States. During the last week in September a serious outbreak
developed in eastern Virginia requiring control meaaur3s. By September
12 the adults had reached Urbana/, 1i. by September 21, they had reached
The fall webworm is unusually abundant over the Atlantic Coast
States from Maine to Georgia and Alabama.
The birch leaf-skeletonizer is more seriously numerous than it has
been in years in New England, New York, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 2 0;tober 1, .22 No. 7
CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS
HESSIAN FLY (Phj. .-a destructor Say)
MarL l ,ad
P. R. Myers (September 20). "In the Southeastern Pennsylvania
area there has been a general decrease from 1).Ab per cent at
Na. !--'4h to 12.1.5 per cent at Wreri1.ile, except at ferkasic
whe-e there is recorded an inc -eoe of 4.68 p% cr In the
Lu'-iXuLavma alley a- ,.-ilol do,1ios showed an :i.,reass which
ver.les from 5.20 per cent a1 K,.'-toiijville to 14.91 pecr cent at
F. R. Myers (Sencember 20). "In the Delaware and Eastern Shore of
.!aryland area there has been a de.-tease in all lonalities e-xcept
at C=biridge, where there has been an increase of 1.09 per cent
an-1 at Princess Anne, where there has b&en an increase of 18.94
W. P, Flint (September 18). "There is no change in the Hessian
fly situation since last month. A few flies are emerging but
eggs are very scarce in the central part of the State."
F. A. Fenton (September 19). "Three Hessien fly observation
stations have been established: No. 1 ae Spring Hills, in warren
County: No. 2 at Or:a5ia, in Toi)rona Co-inty; and No, 3 at Essex in
Pago County. Judging from reports Dtern- in f-'om these stations
infestation sees ,0o be rost severe in the iri:.rty of "arren
anr Polk Counties. At the "aiiei County staiio thIe fly has boen
emerging more abundantly thar. at e_.th" r of ,hh other st.tiona and
there is a compara+;..ely sn3J.l pe-rcanbe of parofitism at this
station as compared w-.th a h.gh pfc-'?.age at th, ?Pge ared :'oiona
County stations. At this tir in i1-,1 -ho majority of the wheat
was planted in warren and Polk Count..-s. 0w'ng to the campaign
put on this year, at the present .re there are only four fields
sown in Warren and one in Polk County."
JOINT "OI (aI~_ol'Jta tritici Fitch)
7. P. Flint (September IS). "Paasites of the jointwom are very
abundant. Con+.s show approximately 50 per cent of the larvae
killed in this way. survey conducted during August showed a
spotted infestation ranging from 2 per cent to 46 per cent in the
southern part of the State."
CHINCH BUG (Bjiesus. leueopterus Say)
J. J. Davis (September 19). "Now that the wheat-sowing period is
approaching, farmers are finding plenty of chinch bugs in cornfields
and are inquiring as to the advisibility of sowing wheat in the
W. P. Flint (September 18). '"7eathor during August and the first
of September was very faxo-able for the development of the seco.id
brood of the chinch hug. t' ty pe- cent or more of the Lu-s are
now adults and it se-rs cex'tain that much large- nunters are going
into hibernation than was the case in the fall of 1921. Sec-eniy-
five per cent of the Counties in Illinois are now infected. Heaviest
infestation occurs in the west-central part of the State."
M. H. Swenk (Atigust, 1922). "The chinch bug has not proved as
injurious in northeastern Nebraska as had been expected.'
J. W. McColloch (August 23). "The chinch bug occurred in damaging
numbers throughout the eastern he.lf of the State. Some bugs were
found as far west as Thomas County."
COBN EARfVOBY (1 eliothjs oSzoleta Fab.)
B. G. Southwick (September 19). "Rther numerous in Hartford
County, though not as bad as last year. A few larvae were observed
in Hamden Qnd New Haven by Dr. Britton and I'r. Zappe."
H. C. -Dell. "The corn earworm has been commonly observed in the
plantings of sweet corn in Nassau County since the middle of August."'
E. P. Felt (September 23). "The corn ear'wor- was reported from
several localities in the lower Hudson Valley and on Long Island.
The damage in 1921, however, was much more severe than this year."
C. 0. Houghton (September ll). "This species is much less abundant
than last year in sweet corn about Newark, yet there is considerable
infestation in some cases."
W. P. Flint (September 18). "This insect has been much scarcer than
at any time during the past ten years. Tha infestation in ,sweet
corn in central Illinois was carefully followed throughout the
season and never ran over 3 or 3-- per cent, averaging about 2 per
cent. Uloths are now appearing in greater numbers but too late to
cause any damage to field corn."
S. B. Fracker (September 15). "The outbreak of 1921 was not repeated
this year. A single report of a few early-season individuals was
received from Oshkosh."
I. U. Hawley (September 2). "This insect has become a serious pest
wherever corn is grown. As high as 50 per cent of the ears are
iinfested in some places."
AFItYWOORr (Cirphis unipuncta Haw.)
Correction: The.note in Volume 2, No. 4, page 111, from this State
refers to Chloridea obsoleta Fab.'"
BTAT& P6WV WAM
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J. J. Davis (September 19). "'On Septpober J6 the county agent at
Rockford in the ecuth;e?,i corner of the State sen'c s:,opirens of
the ?OmL2.OA a. m v w:-;h t.h. information that they were abundant
and cam.gi;/g corn in one locality."
W. P. Flint (September 18). "Bait traps have been run for several
seasons and this year have given the sn.al.e3et catch of adults of
S. B. Fracker. "A single outbreak of this insect has core to our
notice this year, this being in St Croix County, but caused no
M. H. Swenk (September 1). "The true arryworm appeared in the
fields of millet and corn during the second weel: of August and did
considerable injury in places. In Antelope County, in particular,
there were several aileis moving and destroying crops at that time."
WHPAT"HEAD ABRITOpM (lTJ'.vi-al-. ',Linra Huebn.)
I. H. Swenk (September 1). .a-r, fi County, at the same tie
that the true armywozm was active inr. the seoAd wek in : iLixt,
some of the oat fields were overrun with ihe wheat-head armyworm
which ate the heads of the grain."
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)
WV. P. Flint (September 18). "A number of fields of corn in east-
central Illinois ha;i'e been quite severely damaged by white grubs.
In most of these fields areas of two or th- ?e acres will be injured
but the rest of the field very lightly in'ested. Most of these
fields were in corn in 1921, the grubs being now in their second
year of development."
A FLO"TR--BFETLE (_,nlor-a .,.,c ,-alis Fab.)
J. J. Davis (September 19). "This flow3--beetle was reported from
Evansville on September 12 as do.'ng considerable d-ma,7e to corn by
feeding on the maturing kernels."
ALFALFA E.VIL (Phytonomus osticus Gyll.)
(California Weekly News Letter, August 26.). "The alfalfa weevil
has again been intercepted in automobile camping equipment, this
time at Truekee. The weevil was taken on August 26 on a machine
COWPEA CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aeneus Bob.)
0. I. Snapp (August 23). "Complaints are reaching the laboratory
from various sections of central Georgia relative to damage to cow-
peas by this insect, which does considerable doarage each season."
F. H. Chittenden (September 8). "Mr. H. B. Lancaster reports that
the cowpea-pod curculio was injurious to mung beans at Thomasville
GET 'FRAL 717FF7F?
S. B. Fracker (August 15). "The infestation in the northeastern
counties, extending from Door County to iron County and westward
to Price and Lincoln Counties, has been fairly well controlled by
general distribution of poisoned-bran through town-board organiza-
tions. Egg laying was quite general after July 15."
M. H. Swenk (September 1). "Grasshoppers continued to be numerous
ant.. injurious in Scotts Bluff, Morrill, Sheridan, and Sioux Counties
and thp local outbreak in Washington County, which was in-irestigated
carefully during the third week in August, proved to involve a
conCirrable reduction in the alfalfa yield. The species generally
cone ern3d in northwestern Nebraska is 'elarnplujs bivijtJt'iJ. Say,
whil.- Washington County infestation is. alros". entirely d< '"r-rn-
tialis fr>os., with but comparatively few M. fC'-:'-h"n b m De'
Grw9-.'roppers were reported as injurious and numerous in Garfield
County also during this month."
J. W. .cColloch (August 28). "ela1nornlus difforenti'lis Thos. and
M_. _biitJ-.- v ay are the predominating spec ies in an outbreak in
the :arc, .. te'n part of the State covering Thomas, Sheridan, Graham,
Logan, Gobe, and Trego Counties. M. atlanis Riley is beginning to
APPLE APHID (Av.h1% j DeG.)
R-A.Van Meter (Septembpr 13). "This insect is now abnint-ft
over the greater p,.rt of tlhe Stati.e, p Lrticu."a.y onr. y';,
apple trees. 't became numerous, howavs-: (wo late to do
a great deal of damage"
SoBFracx.ker (Septembei: .5). "The early-seasnn outbreak
diz;,r.ovo, ''.-W greater part of the Stte, but _i.phids
p ,- a is. ed to u .... ,,... n '
CODLING 1'OW r>*-- T*
R.A.Van Meter (Septembocr 13)- 'Co-.-laints of side inmiry
have ben reiv. -r n" t' ..w'.c. x o" Th re
was a heavy e,-'.-, ne ,f a6 ,,'!' f,.r the s3c.,'.t brood but
mry side holes aT!pa...ed before $;.hi emergence-"
"ETnhi-'.b 1v..si; 14)- rThe second brood of codling moth
v.-, e ,',e3 o'bsaei. entering the fiuij. on A\,n"ft 14 "t
WaT, : ^.-' yc"
J.JID.vris .Septeober 19), "Ev-irntly the warm weather d-ring
t"o ..3-:. 1-f '.- i hc fr i o S.t.r" w a
'--. i **rs 1--5*" .-' ;- ... ,,... *,. -.w'. a3s, ap cp..?. ;y hatched after
5 :- .-, o 10the fA,.r, wzari fjinl in the exhiibit fruit."
I.MoHri-vley (.5-t?-r. 2)- "In s'nme smn.ll orchards in SWiimit,
'a3.2.,,'*.w, and. M:4:.r -..x:.."c...s,) f:.ve or mcc. w:r;Z- wp.r3 fo-ind
in ^\. fi-v. hi'l orchads had not- been sprayed, howevaw "
A? AD TAND RI S..... C 'ia Clerck)
B.A.Trh>;-er f. 2 6) '-hi. : p .,es is still on the in-
C.".' t:.m : 3 ..*. o.j f ,., "~~.- ) ci. a O.brod..d larz ae
b.-n sp .':'; -. r.'r.- : .-!; ..-. j- Se2uonn -bzcod mnoths
a: sti.l pe T "e*r..o ".lj. ", . i-fars."
.W-.o..ittoi aid assnstdn (.eptember 21)- "Cor-ercia.l
sr.rayei. o -rhardw are nob Ir.nc ir.mreco T".''..).,-.C trees s
are now br,.,v-n This insect was l.-s d c;'."... .;- zhan last
year i.n G nwich an ,..for., r3 the past has occurred
in the State. Acco.'.n to Mr, ?anter it i.; not seri.oas
arcuni Sov:rs, nor has it been note', around .:c',cville I7
M-. .:ETTucker. it is doing cons.*i2rable da.-e in L:,^chfied.
County, Fairfield County, and Windhcam and Hartford Counties-"
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E-P-Falt (September 23)- "There has been a very marked spread
from the infested area near New York City norithivard of this
insect drt xg t.he suczner and .t has now bZ'coL'e weel established
in southern Alba y and P.ernnslaer Coxni mes. Thi most serious
injvry has developed in rT.npr'ayed orchards, especially upon the
y3'"-ger trees. These shc.ved a complete brcwnni:g of the foliage.
Moths were emerging in large numbers September 22.?
YELLOM.NECKED CATERPILLAR (Datana ministra Drury)
E-P.Felt (September 23)- "The yellow-necked apple-tree worm
has been moderately abundant in the eastern part of the State."
M.H.Swenk (August). 'In Seward County during the third week in
August the yellow-necked apple caterpillar was reported defoliating
APPLE MAGGOT (iHsaol tiso n.Enonlia Wanh)
B-A.Porter (August 26)o *In some orchards about Wallingford where
this pest has been serious during the past few years it now seems
to be rather scarce, but in other orchards serious damage is beixg
,APPLE RED BUG (Hsterocordylus malinus Reut.)
R.A.V7n Meter (September 19)- "This insect has been very serious
in Plymouth County this year. In some orchards fuIly half of the
apples were ruined for market by feeding punctures This is the
first tine I have found this insect in injuxrious numbers east of
FALSE APPLE RED BUG (Lygidea mendax Reut.)
F-A.Bartlett (Saptamber 19)- "We haver had so much trouble with
red-bg injuxy as this year, possibly owjig to the fact that
there is a limited number of apples in this part of Fairfield
County (Stamford) and practically all are krnuled-"
TARNISHED PLANT-BUG (Lygs ratenss L.)
E.J-Nswcomer (September 8)- "This insect is very abundant in
alfalfa cover crops in Wenatchee Valley orchards- Wherev'z"
the loaded limbs of apple droop enough to allow the fruit to
hang in the alfalfa the bugs attack, the fruit. The fiuit
becomes covered with excreta, and the punctures cause green
spots to develop which give the apple a water-cored appearance-
The fruit also becomes somewhat deformed. Injury is confined
to fruit hanging in the alfalfa."
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BUFFALO *TE?:OPER (C'resa. bubulus Fb.)
I-M.-,awj'.le. epr.t=_-ber 2), "Yucn. orchards set out in Eulfala
' .d .y n '.' -' ; ..,L L '.
outi. 1 3.... were u.2alJy where wvedts were al"1'7&6. $ grow Aout
SAN JOSE SCALE (A-:Jict4 rrnircio--;Jus Comrst.)
S.B-Fracker. "Ilav outbreaks h'ive been discovered thi'z year at
Sebryf-.n and R:.-,hester,. Ihl; ir,.?c 4 5.s vr, vr..i'. f-. 1.0u.lcnt where
it is woll establi-Lhed in Raci-e and Kcivji Cc'u'z-" so'
EUROPEAN RED MITE (A1_rAt-t,"-;r'chus. -ilc3u:m C-in. & Fanz.)
ReAVan Meter (Septnbor 17)- "Rei snid=!rs of so.e kind are on
the increase all over th-, State. Th my are very Trimucrous on apple
leaves and. are also foiti, on plin, alm, and oak-"
ItMeFa..vley (September z)- 111n sr..s-e pla-ces in Utah ani Davis Countaes
the leaves are turnir.ng brown and dcoppir.g.1'
E-J3N?r."om3r (A'.ist 5). 'Both this species and T.'.r__""rht..s
telari-.is L- are very severe on all kinds of d-cc'1f.us fruits in
t-he j;-'ma and Walla Walla Vjlleys. '_t is is p-.:,,'y due to the
very hot and dry s iTrn-nr which we hav3 h.dd.r ,-. c-.. is the
most numerous on a'-ple anri psarsj while :. c. :? '.s .'.ze
on oth"': fruits, ea-1 on berries as sc,.i Is tr'; .-. Prunes
in the Walla taia d,.3tricL are rr.c.ced as d3 l..ed"
QUINCE CCUL crtaei Wal)
QUri CE CURCULIO (Conoo.r, -_ h: _u% cr-itae._ri Wal~h)
E.B.Shear (Aivmust 19)- r'Suwr par orchArds in Ulster County show
a very hi0h :. -;rte of injury itie t, [-his prest. In one c.-Le
the injury rZn .z 4:-; per cent of the fruit. Seckels &znd Bartletts
have sufferecd rO,,>tU`
FLAT-.2D1EED APPLE-TREE BORER (Cghrrobothris f ror at
EJ-JNe-.vcozrnr (A'iu.st 12). "In an 80-acre orchards r;inted r'`is
year in ia ba Valley 5 per cent of the tres were killed by this
COTTOINY MAPLE SCALE (Pulvinaria. vitis L.)
E.J-Newcomer (August 7). "A several infestation of this scale
was found on a small block of "'inter ielii. pear t.ru., the
leaves being covered with honeydw.. An application of nicotine
sulphate 1-1,000 and soap appears to have killed a large percentage
of the young. An interesting feature of this infestation is that
Bartlett paar trees adjoining the Winter i2Jli: have no adults
and only a light scattering of young on them, the scale evidently
preferring the 7Tinter Nelia variety."
PEACH BORER (Aeg.ria exitiosa Say)
Georgia O.I.Snapp (August 7). "At least 95 per cent of the peach growers
in the peach belt of Gaorgta will use para-dichlorobenzene for
this insect. There will be bweween three hundred thousand and
four hundred thousand pounds df this material used in this State
PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst-)
Georgia 0-I.Snapp (September ii). "The curculio damage to pe-icheo in the
Cornelia or northeastern Georgia district was greater than in
central Georgia this year. The infestation was heavier there
than it has been for the past several years and is readily
accounted for by the failure of the growers in that section to
use the full amount of arsenate of lead in the important last
application for the second generation, and also to the prevalent
rainy season. This district is not in the peach belt of central
Georgia. At Fort Valley adults of the second generation were
emerging during the l-tst few days of July and the first week
in August. Jarring of orchards during the first week in August
gave less than 1 beetle per tree. The jarrings a year ago
gave an average of over 5 beetles per tree. This is largely
due to effective control measures practised during the past year.
Third-generation eggs were taken on the morning of August 17.
This is perhaps the first record of a partial third generation
in this latitude. On August 22 larvae of this generation were
noted in the insectary entering the fruit; on September 11, a
full-grown curculio larva, of the third generation left the fruit
in the insectary. This larva immediately took to the soil and
started to prepare for pupation- A number of adults of the
third generation will in all probability be bred out before the
close of the season."
Conotrachelus anagll ticus Say
Georgia 0-I.Snapp. "This insect whose life history is very similar
to that of C. nenuphar has been bred from peaches that fell
to the ground during June. In all probability this species
frequently attack ..peaches in Georgia and all of the damage
heretofore has been attributed to the latter species- Frequ.3ntly
the adults of anaglypticus have been taken from the frames while
Jarring for C& nenuphar."
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SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)
S. W. Frost (September 15). "The fruit-tree barkbeetle is
abundant in some orchards and has been found on living peach
trees. On September 6, adults were issuing in great abundance
from the limos of peach trees."
0. I. Snapp (September 12). "This insect is doing considerable
damage and is numerous in peach orchards, where the trees have
become unhealthy from severe San Jose scale infestation. The San
Jose scale is on the increase in central Georgia peach orchards,
which accounts for a greater abundance of the barkbeetle."
J. J. Davis (September 15). "The shot-hole borer continues to be
the subject of frequent inquiries."
W. P. Flint (September 18). "Damage by this insect has been quite
general and in some cases the trees attacked have apparently been
in good condition, but have been somewhat weakened by prolonged
drought. Spring applications of nitrate of soda have saved many
trees in which the injury was not too groat."
Calopteron reticulatum Fab. and C. terminal Say
M. H. Swenk. "During the last week in August an unusual report
was received from Franklin County to the effect that these
lampyrid beetles were destroying peaches by eating into the fruit
just es they were beginning to turn."
PLUM CURCULIO (Conot'achelus nenuphar Hbst.)
R. A. Van Meter (Septemoer 13). "In the Hill sections of the
State, especially, this insect is very serious on apples. It
is worse than the codling moth."
S. B. Fracker (September 15). "This insect is unusually abundant
in the southern counties this season. It is also extremely
difficult to control."
FALL TTEBO7PJ! (Hyphantria cunea Drury)
0. I. Snapp (September 12). "The fall webworm is much more
abundant than normally in central Georgia. It is attacking
pecans, persimmons, wild cherry and sassafras, and several
nests have been found on peach with the larvae feeding on
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T.H.Jones (September 11). "Altho,_ph this insect has been sent in
frcm Nat( h.'oc-eu, thoro e.-:, )c h-7e b!en no real outbreak of
thb.s pes- this year in aey Drtion of chis St;te-"
0-ISnapp (S2pterar 5)- 1"Havy infestations of lchnus were found.
on pe9.J1 cvi- z in nVu:t Valle;y. Spraying with contact insecticides
had to bc r- sozred to in several c-ses to prevent serious injury
of the tres.-"
CR TJE FY aSUoPTdOsPICA t FPITTST
CITRUS -TITE FLY CDia2l'.roc.!s citri Ashm.)
T-H-Jones (Sptamber 15)- "*For about a month the adults have been
noticeably axbu-rdj:t. at Baton aoue dacr..'.- the eveniings, especially
about chiraberry trees and privet. On the evening of September
2, they were note to be especially a'mundant in the City of
BAIA1JA BOOT-BORER (Cosm_2olites soriidua Germ.)
G.-N-Wolcott (September 2)" "Two new localities from which material
infested by the banana root-borer has been aent in by the agricultural
agents are Barros and Comerio. The previous known range of this
pest was between Corozal, Vega Baja, ind Vega AltD (Barrio Mavillo
and Maricao) Guaynabo, Rio P.edras, and TruLi.llo Alto: all of which
localities have been ascertalnei' since D3cember 1, 1921, up to
which time this pest was not know=z to be present in Porto Rico."
PQ'OATO AIT_ TOMATO
COLORAEO POTATO BEETLE (Lentinotarsa decemlineata Say)
S.B.Fracker (S3ptember 15)- "This insect is about normally
abundant throughout the State this year, not being as numerous
as it was last yeAr."
POTATO LEAFHOPPE! (Fmnoasca trali LeB.)
S-B.Fracker (September 15)- "E.irly Ohio potatoes began to die
of hopperburn in th3 southern counties on July 10. Serious
damage throughout the State. All unsprayed potatoes are now
down except Rur.;l New Yorkers and a few late-planted fields
of other varieties."
L-CoTyler (August 19). "Leafhoppers are abundant in the potato
fields in Genesa..e County and are doing a great deal of damage
in unsprayed fields."
TARNIISHED PLANT-BUG (Lygus pratensis L-)
I-M-Hawley (September 2). "This insect is causing the tops $6
turn brown in many potato fields in Morgan County%'
POTATO TUBER MOTH (PhthornLma3a operculella Zell-)
R-E.Campbell (September 18). "Car shipments in Los Angeles
County started about June 16 and about the 23rd slight
infestations of about 5 per cent were observed- During July
the infestation increased to from 20 to 25 per cent in many
cars. Some fields showed easily 50 per cent of the potatoes
affected. The total number of cars inspected was 578. Of
these 213 were found to be infested. The estimated less was
between 15 and 20 per cent of the crop. These figures are
from the reportss of Mr. H.H. Warner, district supervisang
inspector of the State department of agriculture, and Mr. 11J4
Ryan, horticultural commissioner of Los Ang&ies County-"
CABBAGE WORM (Pontia rapae L.)
M-C.HamTond (August 19)- "This insect has been somewhat more
abundant this year than usual in Orange County and has caused
dama eGto most of the fields in this section."
J.A.Hyslop. "Cabbage worms are more numerouss than they bave;'
been during the past three years in southern Montgomery
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JJ-.Davis (September 19)- "During the iAst two weeks several
reports of sev3re injury by t.he cabbage worm have been received from
various parts of the State-"
CABBAGE TEB"ORM (Hellula un.dd.lis Fab.)
F-L.-Thomas (August 25)- "This insect is rapidly inc.ar.as .g in
Rr.3sell County.. where it is much more serious than usual. Of
522 coll]ards xarini 82 vwere dead as the result of infestation
and 7? plants dwarfed or baily stunted, because of the la-ives
cuk off or the bud destroyedi. In Lee County an infestation of
young turnip- is just beginning."
W.E-Hinds (September 21). "The turnip webworm is doing unusual
daaIage to fall crops of turnips, rape, collards, etc- This
species occurs widely distributed throuchnvt Alabama and is a
serious pest. The Alatrma Exparizant Station is undertaking a
thorough study cf its life history and methods for its control-"
HARLEQUIN BUG (Murantia histrionica Habn)
JoJ-Davis (September 19)- "The Harlequin bug has been reported
the past month as seriously damaging cabbage along the southern
border of Indiana."
T-H-Jones (Adgust 14)4 "Complaints of damage have been received
from Jackson Parish, the insect attacking collards-"
STRABEIRRY ROOT-"TE-VIL (Brachyrhinus ovatus L.)
(California. 73ekly News Letter, August 28)* "The strawberry
root-weevil was intercept3i at Truckee under date of Auguist 28.
This is one of the strawberry weevils which occasioned the
issuance of Quarantine Regulations -.o3. 9 and 10 covering the
admission of strawberry plants from the States of Oregon and
MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Enilachna corrta Muls.)
Neale F. Howard (September 25)- "During Septpmbar the Mexican
bean beetle has been discovered in seven new Counties in Tennessee,
i.e., Dickson, Robertson,7Tli'cson, Wilson, Cockeand
Neale F. Howard (September 25). "TL report made from Madison
County in the last number of the Survey Bulletin has proved
incorrect. Specimens which were sent in by a corespondent in
that county were not collected in that county. On Saptember 19
specimens were collected from Simpson County."
W.E.Hinds (September 21).- "The Mexican bean beetle cleaned up t1e
table beans of all kinds in the areas becoming generally infested.
in the fall of 1921 so that practically no green bean vines
have existed since the middle of July. The spread of the species
southward appears to have been light and no complaints have been
received beyond the lines reached by the beetle a year ago.
The influence of the prevailing direction of light breezed., which
come from the south, explains, we believe, the slow spread in
Neale F.Howard (September 16)o "The Mexican bean beetle was
reported from Prattville, Autauga County, on Ssptember 11. This
is the farthest south that this beetle has been reported in this
STETPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
0.I.Snapp (August 30). "An unusually heavy infestation of the
striped cucumber beetle was found three miles west of Woodbury,
BELTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica balta-ta Lec-)
WoE-Hinds (September 21)# "The belted cucumber beetle was found
in the State for the first time only a few years ago when it
appeared in the southwestern corner. The first specimens were
taken at Auburn about two years ago. In the meantime, the species
has multiplied and spread very rapidly until it is the most
abundant species of Diabroticm through the .central part of the
State and appears to be displacing the common twelve-spotted
cucumber beetle. Injury to beans and many other crops is commonly
T-H.Jones (September 15)- 'During the last few years bsetles of
this species have become noticeably abundant during the late
suamer and fall. Complaints of damage to Irish potatoes, beans,
etc.,were received during early September from West Feliciana
and East Baton Rouge Parishes-'*
MELON APHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.)
R.E-Campbell (September l)- "In some localities in Los Angeles
and. Riverside Counties early unchecked infestations have spread
to entire fields, causing a considerable reduction in the crop
of late melo#s. Watermelons, catteloupes, and early musmrelons
were not seriously affected but late muslknelons, casabas, and
Persian melons are heavily infested- Other fields have only
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&QUASH LADY-BEETLE (EJpilachna borealis Fab.)
F.HoChittenden (S03ptember 8). "The squash lady-beetle has
been decidedly more abundant the present year than last,
being almost universally injurious to squash, pumpkin, and
some other cucurbits in the District of Columbia and nearby
Maryland and Virginia. It is still in the fields."
BEET WEBWORE (Loxostepre sticticalis L.)
M.H.Swenk (September 1). *During the third week in August the
stubble fields in Deuel County were overrun with the sugar-beet
webworm. They were so numerous that the farmers were fearful
of reseeding the infested fields to wheat this fall until assured
that these pests would not injure the new crop.*
SOUFr'HERN FIELD-CROP INSECTS
BOLL WEVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)
NOTE: The percentages given in previous bollfwe3vil reports
are based on actual counts of punctured squares made in several
fields at each point recorded. This does not mean the per cent
of the crop lost or damaged but merely the per cent of squares
B-R.Coad (September 15). wIn the southern counties near the
South Carolina State line damage is considerable, extending from
Union County to Scotland County and northward to Moore County.
Damagd is slight in the more northern counties-*
BER.Coad (September 15). lBoll-weevil conditions were reported
from 7 counties, all reporting heavy infestations. In York
Countytvo-thirds of the bolls were damaged at one place.'
BaRogoad (September S1)v *Reports in Georgia were received from
21 counties, all reporting he-vy infestations* D.3,age to the bolls
were reported from Floyd County."
BeR.Coad (September 15). 'Reports were received from 16 counties;
of these 8 counties were heavily infested, all being in the
southwestern corner of the State with the exception of McMinn
County in the southeastern corner-"
BRBCoad (September 15). "Reports on the boll-weevil situation
were received from 30 counties in this State. Of these 25 counties
generally distributed throughout the southeastern half of the
State wO,. heavily infested-"
B.R .Coad (September 15). "Seven counties from Oklahoma reported
on the boll-weevil situation. The 4 counties lyipg east of Okfuskee
and Atoka Counttes were heavily infested, those to the west but
B*R#Coad (September 15). "Twenty-six counties reported on the
boll-weevil situation. Of these 22 counties generally distributed
over this State were heavily infestad-w
WpE.Hinds (September 21). "Boll-weevil injury has been much less
during the present season than the May prospect indicated, largely
because of the control exerted through the unusually dry hot
weather continuing quite generally through the State in June,
July, and August. During June the rainfall was less than one-third
normal and this checked the weevil to the extent that the cotton
has fruited unusually, in the southern two-thirds of the State,
particularly. Rainfall for the 3 months has been only one-half the
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- 249 -
Loui s iana
B.RBCoad (Sept2mber 15). "Reports were received from 11 counties
in this State, 9 in the northern half of the State reporting
BJR.Coad (S-ptember 15). "Fifty-six counties' dboll-weevil
situation. Of these 39 counties reported heavy infestations.
An area of light infestation occurred in the eastern part of
the State over part of Bolivar, Washington, Sunflower, and
LeflDre Counties, and a similar lightly infested area occurred
in the northern part of the State from DeSoto to Tishomingo
County southward to Chickasaw and Calhoun Counties."
B.oBRoad (September 15). ""Boll-wesvil specimens were received
on September 6, from Kennett, Mo., and also reported qs present
at Hayti and Steele."
B.ReCoad (September 15). "Boll-weevil reports were received from
11 counties in the eastern third of the State. Of these 10
reported heavy infestations."
BOLLIVORM (giothis obsoleta Fab.)
0-I.Snapp (August 26)* "Several cotton planters report this
insect hsbcausing seridfs damage to cotton in Middle Georgia.
Some of this damage had been noted in fields that had been
dusted four times for the cotton boll-.wevil-"
B.RECoad (September 15). "The bollworm was reported from
Nashville in Howard County this year,*
T-H.Jones (Septamber 15). "Specimens of larvae were sent in
from various parts of the State during the latter part of August
with reports that they were seriously injuring cotton bolls-"
COTTON WORM (Alabama arpillacea Huebn.)
H.T.Fernald (September 21). A perfect specimen of the cotton
worm moth was taken September 16 at Bethlehem-"
W-J-Schoene (Telegram September 22). "Defoliation by cotton
worm reported from 4 counties, Norfolk, Nansemond, Din*iddie,
and Brunswick. The county agents of Norfolk and Brunswick
reported that the defoliation was so serious that the owners
of cotton fields were dusting under their directions."
W-P.Flint (September 18). "First adults of this species were
taken on the night of September 12 at Urbana-."
W.R-Coad (September 15). "Heavy infestations of cotton worm
larvae were reported from Tipton, Fayette, Shelby, and Gibson
Counties. Slight infestations were reported from Carroll,
Hardin, and Hardeman Counties."
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BiBR*Coad (September 15). "Damage ly cotton leafworm reported
from Desha, Columbia, Grant, Mississippi, and Miller Counties.
Slight infestation in Lonoke and Lincoln Counties-'
WoE.Hinds (September 21)v "The cotton leaf caterpillar has
been so completely checked in its August development by dry
hot weather that no serious stripping has occurred or is now
likely to occur in Alabama this season. Preparations were
made for poisoning this pest, but little application of poison
has been necessary."
T*H-Jones (Septembar 15)- *Since my last report August 15,
the. cotton caterpillar has continued to feed on cotton
generally over the State-"
B.R-Coad (September 16)- "Heavy infestations were reported
from East Carroll,- Webster, Bienville, Union, Tensas, and
B.R.Coad (September 15)* "Heavy infestations of the cotton
leafworm were reported from 12 counties."
M.C.Tanquary (August 32 ), "The cotton leafworm has been
serious over the eastern third of the State, reports of
h3avy feeding having been received from 14 counties, all
lying east of Coryall County, and extending from Lamar
County on the north to Dewitt County on the south-"
FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS
GIPSY MOTH (Porthotria dispar L.)
R. A. Van Meter (September 13). "Gipsy moth larvae have been less
abundant this season, in Middlesex County and the district south of
Boston than for many years."
WHITE GRUBS (Phvllophaga spp.)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "Experiments are being tried using
crude white arsenic in an endeavor to control these insects which
have caused serious damage to seed beds in 'aine, New Hampshire, and
FALL ME3WRO (Hyphantria cunea Drury)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "The webworm is present in large
numbers on elms in Augusta. At the present time they are about
H. T. Fernald (September 21). "The fall webworm has been more
noticeable than usual during the past month, but is not present in
what might be termed destructive abundance."
B. A. Porter (August 26). "This insect seems to be more abundant
than usual in the region north of Wallingford."
W. E. Britton and assistants. "This insect seems to be very abund-
ant in Hartford, Windham, and Tolland Counties, and reported as
abundant in New London and Fairfield Counties."
E. N. Cory (September 15). "This insect is much more abundant than
usual at Whiteford and generally over Hartford and Carroll Counties,
where practically all of the walnut trees have been stripped. They
have all now pupated."
0. I. Snapp (August 30). "This insect is unusually abundant in
west-central Georgia on pecans, persimmons, etc. A number of the
trees in the woodlands of Upson and nearby counties were noted
to be defoliated on this date."
W. E. Hinds (September 2). "Fall webworrs have been exceptionally
abundant in the northern half of the State, especially on perniron
and other wild food plauats, but are attacking pecans particularly
among the more valuable economic host plants."
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- 252 -
FOREST TENT CATFEPILLP. (Malacosoma disstri' Huebn.)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "Both cocoons and eggs of the tent
caterpillar were heavily parasitized. In some sections of the
woods in northern Maine it is difficult to find cocoons that have
not been destroyed by a parasite. This er.an; that comparatively
small numoers of egap masses were laid, considering the serious
outbreak that occurred in this region earlier in the season."
Massachusetts R. A. Van Meter (September 13). "Larvae were plentiful in eastern
Massachusetts again this year and egg rase; are very common in
wOOLLY BcTT APHID (Prociphilus imnbricator Fitch)
E. E. Hollister (September). "This insect was first fund in
Hartford County by the gray cclor of the ground underneath the
trees ,vhich vas caused by some discharge from the aphid. Only
some of the lower branches seeirm tc r.-e insects on them. This
outbreak is much worse than usu-nl in this reason."
J. A. Hyslop (September 5). "This aphid is much more abundant than
it has been during the rast three or four years in southeastern
Montgo-nery County, The insects completely cover many of the lower
branches, giving the branch the apFpearance of being covered with a
cottony quivering vesture, Sometimes branches up to 1 inch thick
are corrletely covered for several feet. These aphids are so
numerous that under some of the trees the ground is discolored by a
blue sooty mold growing in the honeydew, and on the trunks of the
trees larga masses of a yellow fungus having the texture of sphagnum
moss are zroiing in the same honeydew."
BIPCH LvFk-SIFLETO'TIZErP (Bucculatrix canadensisella Cha.b.)
Massachusetts H. T. Fernald (September 21). "The '-ite birth has been attacked
by the birch Bucculatrix practically over the entire State. From
Boston Nest to beyond Worcester, even tiny birches not Tore than a
foot high have been completely skeletonized, and the birch trees
look as though fire had runn thr-uz'h them. This condition is also
present throughout the Connecticut Valley, though here and there
areas of only partial skeletonizing appear. I have not been able
to ascertain whether or not this insect is present in the Berkshires."
New Hampshire H. T. Femrnald (September 21). "On a trip last week up through the
Thite Mountains, there vere evidences of its work up the Connecticut
River to Wells Junction and through the .Thite mountains here and
there, but it seemed to be less in evidence around Lake WJinneresaukee.
Around Concord it was also noticeable, and across the southern end
of the State to Keene, on the vest. On the whole, hc:;ever, I should
hardly consider the Ne T Ham.pshire defoliation as severe as that in
eastern Massachusetts, where it is the worst I have ever seen it."
- 253 -
W. E. Britton and assistants. "This insect is entirely skeletoniz-
ing the birch trees in Tlland and New Haven, and generally through-
out the eastern part of the State. Nearly all gray birches are
now brown. Other trees are attacked but l4s seriously injured."
E. P. Felt (September 23). "This insect has teen exceptionally
abundant on birches, especially in the northern portion of the
State and particularly in the Adirondacks. Considerable areas in
this latter section and adjacent thereto have been so thoroughly
skeletonized that practically all the leaves dried and dropped.
The injury was not so severe in the vicinity of Altany as in 1921.
Mr. R. E. Horsey found the insect somewhat abundant or destructive
to more than 10 species growing in Highland Park, Rochester."
R. H. Pettit (August 30). "I received today specimens of the birch
skeletonizer reported from Chenoaux Highland as destroying the
foliage of birch throughout that part of northern l'ichigan."
C. L. Fluke. "Every tree of whatever variety with the exception of
evergreens is infested with the worm and it begins to look as though
the trees would be destroyed. The territory infested covers
thousands of acres, several hundreds of which belong to the City of
Two Rivers. Cocoons are now being formed, so the darrage is over for
BRONZE BIRCH PORER (Agrilus anxius Gory)
R. E. Horsey (September 23). "This insect continues to be destruct-
ive in different parts of the State, and it is not unusual to see
weeping birches in a dead or dying condition even in the residential
F. A. Fenton (September 13). "The bronze birch borer has bien
reported from the following counties: Dodge, Cedar Rapids, and
SAVTFLY (Nematus sp.)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "During the latter part of August
a yellow sawfly was very numerous on white birch, stripping large
areas. Poplar and other hardwoods were apparently immunee"
HITE.TARKED TUSSOCK V'OTH (Hemerocampa leucostigMa S. & A.)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "This insect stripped several areas
of birch in northern Maine during August."
ELM LEAF-BEETLE (Galerucella luteola Mull.)
H. B. Pierson ('cptember 13). "The elm leaf-beetle has done
considerable damage this summer in some of the cities in the
central part of the State."
F. A. Bartlett (Scerterber 19). "This insect is more abundant than
it has been for the past five years in Stanford and Greenwich."
R. E. Horsey (SeptembTer 13). "The elm leaf-beetle is reported as
spreading somewhat in Rochester."
ELM BOPRFR (,ae-da tridentata Oliv.)
W. P. Flint (Septembhr 18). "Many reports of injury by this insect
have been received from central and southern Illinois."
LARCH CASE-BEARER (Coleeonhora laricella Huebn.)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "This insect, which earlier in the
searen assumed alarming proportions in the region between Augusta
and the coast, has gained a strong foothold in the area around
LARCH S17FLY (Nematus erichsonii Hartig)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "The larch sawfly is again becoming
abundant in certain localities but heavy rains have done much to
keep this insect in check. Thirty-five years ago this insect killed
nearly all of the larch of the State and it has been slow in gaining
a foothold again. Interesting stories are told of how the caribou
left the State after the destruction cf the larch by the sawflies,
the caribou living almost entirely in stands of larch."
MAPLE BORER (Glycobius apeciosus Say)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "This insect has been unusually
abundant on shade trees this year. Last year comparatively few
inquiries were received in regard to this insect."
COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Pulvinaria vitis L.)
H. F, Dietz (August 28). "The ladybird beetle Hvyperasnis signata
Oliv. is doing some valuable work in controlling the cottony maple
scale according to observations made at Muncie."
ORANGE-STRIPED OAKOPRAI (Anisota senatoria A. & S.)
Henry Fox (August 31). "Caterpillars of this moth are swarming
on nearly every oak tree in New Lisbon and Browns Yills. Many
of the trees are nearly completely defoliated. It is especially
destructive on Quercus ilicifolia."
- 255 -
POST-OAK LOCUST (Dnd-rctettix quercus Pack.)
Henry Fox (August 31). "A local outbreak of this insect was
observed 3 miles south of Brownse Mills. the foliage especially
of eap'ir oaks extensively eaten. The grasshoppers are very
sluggish and easily ca-tured. This outbreak was first observed
by a Japanese beetle scout about three weeks ago."
WALNUT CA.TERPILLAR ('gtana integerrimna G. & R.)
0. I. Snapp (September 13). "These insects had completely de-
foliated several young oaks near Fort Valley which were planted for
ornamental purposes. The infestation was so severe in this grove
that arsenical spraying had to be enforced in order to prevent
1O0UNTPJN PINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus monticolae Hopk.)
J. C. Evenden (September 6). "This epidemic crossed the Continental
Divide from the Blackflot Valley and now threatens to destroy the
valuable stands of lodgepole pine east of the mountains in Helena
WTESTERN PINE EETLE (Dendrocteonus brevicomis Lee.)
J. C. Evenden (September 6.). "In the Tayette River Valley there
has been a very serious epidcnic of this insect. At the present
time the infestation is centered in a small area which will be
placed under control during the coming winter in order to prevent
the spread of the beetles into adjacent stands."
PALES 7EFVIL (Hvlobius pales Herbst)
H. B. Pierson (September 13).
out southern Maine."
"The pales weevil is present through-
WHITE PINE "-EVIL (Pissodes strobi Peck)
H. B. Pierson (September 13). "The white pine weevil was even
found in isolated clumps of pine in northern Maine. It is not
present in this region in any quantity owing to the srall number
of white pine present."
A SAMLY (NQldiprion 8p.)
J. C. Evenden (September 6). "The forest supervisor in Custer
National Forest reports considerable damage being done to yellow
pine by sawfly larvae."
- 256 -
(P__PClon rtr .R .la Braun)
(rIhyl 2lono yq t -r tr ".'lJ-I&I~a Braun)
J. C. Evcnrien (September 6). "P-actically every poplar shade
tree in the City of Coeur d'Alene, lcdalo, is heavily Bttaerdo"b y -
these insects ."
POPLAR Ta7FLY (Tri.tchoc I ru?. virrTn.lid fallen)
E. P. Felt (September 23). "The poplar sawfly has been sourewhat
abundant and injurious to Carolina poplars in Fulton and Saratoga
SPRUCE UF (Tortrix fR m eraa Clem.)
SPRUCE FUI'ORI' (Tortrix f'mii4'rana Clemn.)
Ho B, Pierson (September 13). "This insect has been found in
limited numbers throughout the northern two-thirds of the State.
At the present time fully three-fourths of the nature fir in the
State is dead owing to the ravages of this insect."
BLACK GUM CASE-BEARER (Antispila nvssaefoliella Clem.)
IV. E. Britton (September 20). "This insect, which has not been
observed for several ycaro, has completely browned the foliage of
several trees at Orange in this State."
S. W. Frost (September 15). "The case-bearer was found extensively
abundant on black gum in the vicinity of Newton, Bucks County.
The trees -shw nearly 100 per cent of thn loaves infested, and whole
trees were brown from the attack of this insect."
Plagigdera vers colr.ra Laich.
F. A. Bartlett (September 19). "This insect is a very serious pest
of willows at Stamford and is spreading rapidlyly There is scarcely
a tree that is not at least two-thirds defoliated regardless of
variety, excepting the pusoy willow."
GREENHOUSE AND ORNAMENTAL
Correction: (Volume 2, No. 6, page 226). The caption "Pictipes sp."
is a typcg.aphical error and should read "Eisonvx piciDes Pierce".
CHhY3 ,trr:1' g
CHRYSJ'iTHE'Uf GALL MIDGE (P 'a-thron-omya hypogaea Loew)
H. F. Dietz (August 28). "Light infestationstby the chrysanthemum
gall midge are occasionally found in the State but most florists
are having little difficulty in exterminating this insect by using
one fluid ounce of 40 per cent nicotine sulphate with 1 ounce of
fish-oil or other cheap soap in 4 gallons of water, applying the
spray every three days."
MARGUERITE LEAF-YINER (Phvtomyvza chrysanthrrmi Kowarz)
H. F. Dietz (August 26). "The chrysanthemum leaf-miner seer's to be
coming back, especially where asters are grown under glass. They
attack asters first and then po to chrysanthemums."
THRIPS (species undetermined)
H. F. Dietz (August 26). "An undeteririned species of thrips is
doing considerable damage to asters and chrysanthemums, especially
in the northeastern part of the State."
SADDLE-BACK CATERPILLAR (Sibine stimulea Clem.)
C. 0. Houghton (September i).
damage to roses at Newark."
"This insect is doing considerable
ROSE rI'DGE (Daseyneura rhodophaMa Coq.)
H. F. Dietz (August 28). "The rose midge is quite bad again on the
varieties Ophelia, Premier, and Butterfly in the northeastern part
of the State. Nightly fumigation with tobacco stems or prepared
nicotine extract gives good control but I find a number of cases
where even a fumigation for four weeks has not exterminated the
LONG ROSE GALL (Rhodites dichlocerus Harr.)
E. P. Felt (September 23). "There was an unusually severe, though
local, infestation of Rosa ruga bushes in Michigan, judging from
the report and specimens submitted. Some of the rose bushes had
every growing tip badly infested and, consequently, satisfactory
growth another season could be obtained only through the development
of adventitious buds."
- 258 -
INSECTS INFESTING HOUSES AND PREMISES
PT.-2'N-D BEETLES (1a.- br-nius caiitu. Say and Anobium sp.)
New York 0. R. C--osby (August 1). "Doth of these beetles were reported as
badly Jlr:'o'-t-i-ag flooring at Waterport, N. Y. The specieLs were
deter.lnv-I by Hr. W. S. Fisher."
A ?OMTD:R-PC,.T BEETLE (by.u ; Sp;:
Maine H. B. Pierson (September 13). "An interesting report was received
in regard to a barn that had baen built 60 years and that was
beginning to crumble, due to the presence of these borers in the
ARGENTINE AIT (Iridomry-mex hi'rjljjs Mayr)
Alabama W. E. Hinds (September 21). "The Argentina ant is attracting
increased attention and campaigns for its suppression are being
arranged in two of the largest cities of the State. Through t1he
control in such centers of population its spread to the strictly
rural districts may be retarded most easily and effectively."
TER*ITTES (Reticuliteres tibialis Ba.iks)
Nebraska !. H. Swcnk (September 1). "Late in August a lumber company in
Harlan County reported that termites were destroying a valuable
lumber ya"d of frame construction on concrete foundation."
BLACK FLIES (Simulium spp.)
Maine H. B. Pierson (September 13). "Black flies are more numerous this
year than they have been for some time. Swarms of larvae were
present on the rocks in streams."
CRICKETS (species undetermined)
Indiana J. J. Davis (Septembe5 19). "On September 1 a correspondent at
Elkhart reported that for the past month his house has been almost
overrun with crickets, which not only make a great deal of noise
but are eating good-sized holes in the rugs, etc."
INSECTS ATT BACKING DO ESTI C A'N I A L S
ST-rEP SCAB (P-.-.. c.-r,',. Furst.)
(California 17eTkly News Letter, Volumx 3, No. 34). "'-1rin the
cightoen months ending June, 1'Z, this disease nocessil',td the
dipping of 2,102,000 shoep. Mci.g a corservauice eK--i-ace that
dipping costs five cents per head, this itemn a&ieE aaol.c;"i to
$105,000. Since a great economic lbss to ohop men c-C. be
prevented annually by eradioat'-n this disease, most stringent
methods should be put into effect."
- 259 -
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
31 1 2621 ll I i ll11111 t09244 1 14883 1
3 1262 09244 4883