.. .. . .. ....
THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
Volume 2 'AUGUST 1, 1922 Number 5
BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
3 N P )ARPO
OUTSTANDING ENTC10LOGICAL FEATURES FOR JULY, 1922.
The Hessian fly situation is very favorable over the greater part of the wheat belt. Reports from Ohio, Illinois, ;nd Indiana indicate a very decided reduction of this pest over last year. For the first time in 15 years this insect is reported from Minnesota, and the worst outbreak in the pa,'t 4 years occurred in Iowa this sixamer. The fly is also quite serious in -carts of Nebr:s where it will in all probability seriously infest the fall grain.
The chin&h bug has proven ah'u.nit and destructive in northwestern Ohio, the greater part of indiana, s-kuthern and central Illinois, southeastern Iowa, ,outh-central Nebraska, practically all of i1issouri, and the Delta section of
The widespread boll weevil infestation reported in the last number of the Survey Bulletin has decidedly increased in intensity during July. Reports of very heavy infestations have been received from many localities in eastern Texas, southeastern and central Oklahoma, central Arkansas, northern Louisiana
and Mississippi, the greater part of2l1b aw, southwestern Tennessee, and many places in Georgia, South Carolina, and southeastern North Carolina.
The greater wheat-stem maggot is becoming more abundant and injurious than usual in the north-central States, northern Illinois, Minnesota, and North Dakota reporting damage this year, and considerable attention is being attracted by the wheat midge in southern Ohio and Indiana, where this pest seems to be on the increase.
A rather unique armyvorm outbreak is under way in central and southern California. Several so far undetermined, are invr"lved in this outbreak. The fall armyworm has appeared in rather serious numbers in parts of Tennessee.
The stalk borer is more prevalent than was the case last year. Reports of rather serious infestations have been received from New En7land, New York, West Virginia, the east-central States, North Dakota, northeastern Nebraska, Missouri, and Mississippi.
The alfalfa weevil, newly rported last year from the western part of
Nevada near the Cilifornia State line, now occurs throughout the Lovelock Valley in Pershing County, north of the Reno infestation. In southern and eastern Idaho it seems to be less abundant, possibly owing to the hymenopterous parasite which is on the increase in this region. In sotthvestern Idaho the wevil is extending its range and is reported from Canyon County.
During the latter half of June and early July reports of a root curculio attacking soy beans in Indiana, Missouri, and Illinois were received. At the time of the issue of our last Bulletin these were.believed to be Sitona hispilus Fab. (See Vol. 2, No. 4, page 115.) Specimens have since been received by the Bureau and determined by Dr. E. A. Schwarz as Sitona crinita Hbst. This is a common European species and is possibly a quite recent introduction into this country.
Grasshopper outbreaks in Tisconzin, Nebraska, N.ontaa, and Idaho have
)een reported. Lees ser-lous local depredationse are repor-Ced from Mississippi$ northern Indiana, and
Aphid infestation in arple orc.-x'r-ls arc : ~t~ as va- severe in Ohio. Aphids are also n r'ia n 3cb:td c;.~-t and a few~ places in
New York and Misso-uyi,
Very dry weather in Washington ard. Or,3gon is heJd to be responsible for aggravated codlirg moth infestation in these Statas,
The fruit-tre -_ 30 f.1 v' -4 report-ed as injuriouts for the first time in several of the apple.Eovir, sections of Idaho.
The San Jose scale irpears to be still on the increase in Indiana, IMwa,; Missouri, Arkansas, and G(i-rgia.
The appbtdd cutwrm is re-)ortecI from Mas ;ach'stts as seriusi.y dmnaging onions in parts of ticie '1"nnec t.,u 'V_ lie OTi DZI 77c; lon, t,_ 17J V jS o -1 t!,Ie onion fields usually Zcollowirg the m..lwiag of L;ea:,-.by sodland.
The fall webworzn is reported as r7ore abunitint and injuricus than noted heretofore at this time of the y3ear in.si:qi It is ao q~pevnL.2g in
Considerable numbers in Louisiana., eas>-syNja and -oarts c
Thousands of acres of pin,. in northwestern 7Wisconsin are infested by an undetermined species of Olene.
A very large shipme-nt of 2'rported parasit. -%atexil was recolved this spring at the Bureau of Fntor~ologyls iuaan_2-.E: -otcI r.o;I T New J
The Australian tomato w9eviI~, repo.-ts of wh-. rh have been prabllshc3d in the last two numbers of the Survey isl~i. tha il-s-ct c.3scr-bed bj L-a under
the name of Desiantha rvzpra. r c~2ix 1ncm n~ r :'n at J-n on th is
pest indicates that it be_-- ns to the lar~a as:xx' ~ ~ ~ S a
complex., containing several di1stinct gaerca, o~le of which is Listronotis Jeks The- species nociva does not belon~g to Listronotus as r-~cnie ? b' Lo"nte, of which there are 20 species i*;n liorth lmerica, It is t~roe 0s0,17 reJate)+d to several South American Listroderes, Although tbne post r-i cubteLf d:,-7 net belong to the genus Desiantha we believe it will. be advisab",e to a~eeto this nae until future studies of the Listroderes complex are p.hlishoid~
IN8 ECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol.2 Aigust 1,1922 No.5
CEREAL AND F 0 RAGE CR 0 P INSECTS
I- -Y ytohaa 1strntor Say)
New York L. C, Tyler (Jvne 23). "Wheat is already going down in many fields in Genesee Courty. The iJsems ara now la...y in the flaxseed stage.
Apparently the infestation will be quive s rious."
Ohio H. A. Gossard (Inly 2!. "St.teide survey was completed late in June
and indicated, tiha.t tLe Uessian f2y has been rsdved to normal n'vbers
(1 to 5 per cr nfe aet-.n) in all co'm.iee of the State, except the northwestern '5 or 'C co-c.tie. The nercentape of infestation here was
much lower than last year, varying from 10 to 30 per cent where wheat
was seeded as a'ised.. In every instance "vhre -vheat had been seeded a week or tw eaie than the ffly fre data the infestation ran from
80 t8 100 per cent, while fields soeed at the advised ti'. ran in
every case with but one exception below 20 par cert. In 'illiams
County the average infestation ranked from 20 to 30 per co'ni.t, even thopygh
the fly-free date was generally he .edi; we probably missed the date by
two or three day in this county, or' possibly the old volenter
stubble fields contributed to the high infestation. PaZ.:itism seems
to be very high in all of the badly infested fields this season."
Indiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "No heavy infestations found in the northern
half of the State; examinations show 5 to 50 per cent infestation,
usually ranging between.5 and 15 per cent."
Illinois C. C. Compton (June 17). "In Kendall County general infestation ranges
from 5 to 8 per cent; in one field a 50 per cent infestation was
Minnesota A. G. Ruggles (July 19). "The first authoritative report of this insect
in Minnesota in th3 past 15 years was received this month. A winter wheat field in Carver County was badly infested. No other complaints
have.been received and.it is possible ghat the infestation is localized.
Iowa F. A. Fenton (July 15). "The Hessian fly haa done more damage to wheat
in Iowa than for four years and is on the increase. In some places
wheat has not yielded more than 10 bushels to the acre. Heavy damage
has resulted wherever wheat was planted early."
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (July 15). "Harvest revealed the presence of the Hessian
fly in moderate abundance over southern Nebraska, and in some g
localities in large enough numbers to do material damage to the wheat
crop; such local centers of more than moderate abundance and injury
are present in Dakota, Washington, Dodge, Saunders, Seward and
Furnas Counties. In these places the Hessian fly may be regarded
as a menace to the wheat crop to be sown this fall*
* GREATER WHE~T-STEM MAGGOT (Meromyza americana Fitch)
.1linois W. P. Flint (July 18). "This insect has been quite abundant in northern
Illinois. Injury reported from several localities in spring wheat
and barley; more ab-rundart than usual in contral and northern Illinois
in winter wheat, apparently working more in the bearded than in the
linnesota A. G. Ruggles (July 17). "The wheat-stem maggot seems to be doing
considerable damage in the State this year."
lorth R. L. Webster (July 15). "Reports of white-head in wheat have been
)akota common, most of them appeared to be due to this insect.,'
WEEAT MIDGE (Contar-nia tritici Kirby)
)hio H. A. Gossard (July 21). "In several of the southern counties the
wheat midge was found to be very numerous, and damage to the crop
was high in 3 or 4 counties, some fields possibly damaged 50 per cent and many others to a lesser extent. This insect seems to be
distinctly on the increase over the southern half of the State."
Indiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "We are getting a few reports from farmers
who find the larvae in thrashed wheat. Apparently no great damage."
JOINTWORM (Harmolita tritici Fitch)
illinois W. P. Flint (July 18). "Infestation in south-central and southern
Illinois much more numerous than usuall"
FRIT FLIES (Oscinis spp,)
forth R. L. Webster (July 15). "There was considerable damage to eame of the
Dakota wheat plats on the College grounds this year. Adult- flies are still
emerging. At lest two species are involved in the outbreak."
EUROPEAN WHEAT SAWFLY (Cephus pvrmaeus L.)
ew York C, R. Crosby and J. B. Palmer. "A survey was carried on from July
7 to July 14 in western New York, to ascertain the abundance of the European wheat sawfly. This pest was found to be abundant in parts of Wyoming, Genesee, Erie, Niagara, Orleans, Monroe, Wayne, Cayuga,
Oswege, Onondaga, and Tompkins Counties."
PALE WESTERN CUTWORM (Porosagrotis orthogonia Morr.)
Wontana A. L. Strand (July 1). "This insect is much less abundant than
during usual years. A loss of between 10 and 15 per cent of the total seeded area, which is a decrease of more than 18 per cent
from the loss occasioned in 1921, is sho.n inr Hill County this season.
Small losses have occurred in Liberty ard Toole Counties, but they
amount to nothing in comparison with the loses occasioned during
the past several years. Th oughh m-ny sections of central and northern
Montana, the worst -nfested pa't of Mc rtaa since 1915, no pale
western cutworm damage has beien suffered.1
ITAYWCFTS (species -nde teraned)A
lifornia Wneel. ly Letter, C -'ornia Department of Agriculture (July 1)."Repor', have b-cn iecei'-d of outbreaks of armyworms from the Counties
of Tuolumne, El Dorado, Fresn, Amado, and San Luis Obispo. The armyworms are largely hatching on uncultivated areas or in orchards in
which weeds have been allowed to grow. They travel rapidly and destroy
the cultivated crops and young trees in their Investigation
of the outbreak and specimens sent to the State Laboratory show that
several species are involved in this destructive work,"
WEEAT-E-AD AR MORM (Negeucania glbjinea Huebn.)
linnesota A. G. Ruggles (July 19). "The wheat-head armyworm has been doing
considerable damage in different parts of the State"
CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucorterus Say)
Ohio H. A. Gossard (July 21), "Chinch bugs were found to be quite numerous
over & or 10 northwestern counties, centering from Defiance County
eastward. Abundant rains lately seem to have put considerable check
upon chinch bugs and we have heard less of them than we expected."
Indiana J. J. Davis (June 20). "Considerable damage in the State by-this
insect. Far.-:cs failed to heed warning until too late to effectively
control it in many sections. In some sections where county agents
orgni:..d in time effective controls were secured, Conditions up to
the cr,ient time favorable for the second generation."
Illinois W, P. Flint (July 18). "Infestation now fond to cover all but about
25 counties in north and northwestern Illinois. General flight
of first-brood adults now taking place and second-brood nymphs beginning to appear. In southern Illinois a few localities have had
sufficient rain to decrease the number of bugs. In most parts of central Illinois rainfall has not been sufficient to affect these
Iowa F. A. Fenton (July 15). "The chinch bugs are still doing damage in
Lee County, but the situation is well in hand. They have appeared
in several 6ther localities, but have been especially destructive
in Wayne County, where they are present in the corn now and are doing
a tremendous amount of damage."
The most prevalent species has been determined by Mr. Tm. Schaus
as Prodenia praefica Grote.
Fred D. Butcher .1xy 20). "In addi tion to the bef ore-ment ioned
counties, chinch bugs are doing considerable damage in Henry County."
Nebraska M.H.Swenk (11;"Y 15), 11A moderate outbreak has developed in southcentral Nebraska fro.m s,-,wct1ern G-v7-c Co-_1nAty along the southern boundary
of the State of 171arlan (5'o,.nt'y, the cent~ar of severity being in Thayer
and Nuckolls Go'~icties. Duing the la.st week in June this pest had
deserted the ripening barley and wheat and made its way into the
cornfields.i Such migrations continued until about July 5, when most
of the '>V7. -'ds t- N wPre subject to the -attack had been invaded.
T1e-a:2 h~ c'~ c,,.(:2 yn the invaded fields up to the middle of
July ,,as frcc3- -' ta 3 acres on the side of the field nearest to the barleyr or '~~,~ut the dama~e to this extent is co=,ol enough to
make a sericui3 r,:cuo tion i-n ti. e corn yield of the 7 cc-wnties concerned.
Reports of a .loc3"- o-atlreahk JI Pawas %ounty vvera received. It remains
to be seen hcw -:.h3s t:.-Ix'eatened outbreak in Rnox and 13l yd
Counties w.11il be dur. ,ng the latter part of July.'
Missouui A. 0. Burrill. W'The chinch bug-- is mr., h worse than usual in Adair,
Macon, Knox, and S.ullivan Counties. in mar-y cases from 10 to 100
acres of corn in a single block -totally destroyed by these insects.
Present indications -;ra tha;t 8 of the previously lightly infested
counties will lose at least 500,000 bushels of corn. In the northern
tier of counties there is little or no damage,, the second tier
southward will lose approxiinmtely 500,000 bushels of corny the third
tier will lose perhaps 1,000,CCO bushals, and the fourth tier about the same, the fifth and sixth tiers will 'lose several millionsland
the seventh or eight tiers but little less.'
Mississippi Rl. W. Earned (J117rcr r rV..'-ill alia,'n zt in heDcli-a se'tioy of
Mjssissio 'C-- ba ic- L ;d. esC; L F- 7
t~ K* ~ p~-eon~ the infesei.. rj~s 'ave eve- yc:n~ Le
Delawvare 0. 0 Hrr41'ton f'J-7y 15). uSweet corn -is being In~jured ccr:.sid.orably
b this s;~s~
Ohio T,.~sr(5121). 4Specimr ns of -e corn a~-r7;~~ ware fc-uni
~~3 ~ '-v In. al so!ne 7:talem-I,,Z~~QL cl.o'c
k"_112 1jve-ini~C0 win be qFAi-- r .yo as af-a-i this so- so
Illinois W, P, Fatit (July 10. "I,,rxvae have b2en takeon on beanB in central
Mississippi RWTh _Erne-d r(Thly- TOE, 'rT~ ra 3 w:~' is attracting abo-ut th,-e normal
u~~.L~y a~i~y ab'. Ili a_1 c a' oas of01, i~p,1
FALL ABMYWOFh i.ihgan a A.)
S.Marovith (Jly 2). thre izola*ed ifestaticns were fo,nd in Mc-Nairy Cou~nty. About 50 per cent ell a 2,5_acre fic..J ifl. OflO PJce
was conrletely destroyed.. The rather we-, -. spdrrtg :',f iy&7'U -~
the present outbreak.a
STAL-K.BPLH2R aPpi~a~Li ~~0
issachusetts 71, T~ FeralL (July; 17). "The common stalk-bore-r J~f beirg, re7morted fr zi seve:'ad pax"Cts' the State, and is ovide3tl r ~rcht
It has alseG bcen roid attacking dahlias ari.'v_ 71--lc thz.s yea,.,
County Agent of' Derkshire County reported that -C ~ eat cf lae
hills in sweet cornfields were in-festecd.l
onnecticuLt 13. H. Walden (July 21)o 'This insect has been f onr2x. r -,-.e ),,n~
than usual at Hampden and Bethal, In the last MLc r. Charles
D, Clark reports a serious infestation of sxaet c.r%
aw York C, R. Crosby (June 30). "This ins3-ct has bean fcune, attackiry a
great number of garden flowerVs in Broome and Futner (2ti ewt
which are iris, peony, hibiscus, gladiolfnz and. colu~bfii; they flhaVe
also been obser-ved attacking peppers and tomatoes."
est L., M. Peairs (July 5). OThis insect has been reported from various
irginia places in the State where it is attacking corn, beans, strawberry
stems, whe,*,at, castor bean sand several weeds."
io E* A. Gossard (July 21). 27e have received a great ninber of
specimens of the common stal.k-borer in corn. Many of these are sent
in by farmers who mistake this larva for- the European ccrn b-e.
'ndiana J.JDavis (Jul.y 20)0 'This Iinsect continued to be the subject of
rn.iries the past month. Injury has been to tomatoes and. corn as
ilinois W7. P. Filint, (July 18). "Larvae have been unusually abundant this
Year. Ini'=-. basa already been reported from a number of localities,
fl9st~of the damage being done to corn and peas."
owa. F. A. Fenton (,Tvcty 18). 'The stalk-borer continues to be very
destruct, to ce -r and has also been reported from several other plants,,~xb~ 30 per cent of' our correspondence is concerning
tj~ls*;cst,, vilirh is ncw5 usually in the last larval stage.'
7orth P. L. ?1~'(~2 .). 'This insect is said to be causing much
,oa d--a, to yocc c;eler trees in well as corn, tomatoes, and flower
'Tbraska M. H. Swanlk (1y35), 'n the extreme northeastern Nebr4aska Counties,
KnoQx, Cod&rl Dak7iJ 4-.a. and Thurston, and during the last ten
dayz in Jiraa L, d he f' t f?.v days in. July there was an x ul
azron.t of irxj;,j to coroo;, and potatoes by the caterpillars of
the stalk.-borar. The injuyry to potatoes in Dakota County was in some
fields very severe.R
-issouri A. C. Burrill (June 30). "This insect is very serious in parts of Knox, Sullivan, and Adair Counties, one man reporting that every
tomato plant set out was destroyed by this insect."
Mississippi R. W. Earned (July 18). "The stalk-borer seems to be more abundant
than usual this year.'
S. ARMYWOPRM (Cirhis uniruncta Haw.)
Illinois W. P. Flint (July 18), "Adults becoming very abundant in th3 central
part of the State, but show only in moderate numbers in southern
and northern Illinois.'
SUGAR-CANE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
North Franklin Sherman (July 21). "The larger corn stalk-borer is apparently
Carolina more abundant than normally,."
SUG -CA E BEETLE (Euetheola rup ceps Lec.)
Mississippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "Complaints continue to be r-ceived in regard
to the rough-headed corn stalk-borer. In most cases these insects
are injuring corn.'
S* CORN ROOT APHID (Arhis maidi-radicis Forbec)
Indiana J. J, Davis (July 20). "The corn root aphid has been the subject
of an unusual number of inquiries."
S. EUFOPEAN COPN BOER (Lvrausta nubilalis Huebn.)
New York EP.Felt (July 21). "Recent examinations in the eastern area indicate
nearly identical conditions as re-ards infestation with those of last
year with the possible exception of a greater degree of infestation
in the areas where the insect was ost abundant. There appears to have
been comparatively little increase in numbers in the surrounding
more sparsely infested territory. Third and fourth stage larvae were
being found from the middle to the 20th of July."
COR1-SILKB:ETLE (Luperodas varicornis Lec.)
Louisiana T. H. Jones (July 7). "An outbreak of this beetle occurred at Eden
in LaSalle Parish. The injury was apparently largely confined to
hill land, and here the beetle had kept the silk eaten off to suhh an extent that few if any kernels had formed. The ears will not be worth gathering in the fields where the beetles have been abundanmt.
Beetles were said to appear late in April and early in May, and at the time of my visit were disappearing. It is said that it is not possible
to raise a crop of early corn in this particular section. Late corn,
silking after the beetles Jiappear,is advisable on this account. These
beetles also feed on the tassels."
GRAPE COLASPIS (Colaspis b-n cea Fab.)
innesota A. G. Ruggles (July 19). "In the southeastern county of the
State our Mr. Mickel found this beetle doing considerable I damage in cornfields."
WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)
7isconsin S. B. Fracker (June 26). "Well grown larvae of the 1923 brood common in the southern part of the State. Adults of other
broods reported in Juneau County and several localities in the
ALFALFA.WEVIL (Phytonomus posticus Gyll.)
daho Claude Wakeland & D. B. Whelan (June 15). "This insect is less
abundant than in 1921 in eastern Idaho where it has been on the
decrease for the past three years. In southern and eastern Idaho
the numbers of Bathvlectes curculionis Thorns. have increased
greatly. The inference would be that natural enemies are aiding
in reducing the number of weevils. In southwestern Idaho, the amount of injury varying from very slight to more than 50 per
cent of the first crop. In this part of the State the insect is spreading. The great overlapping of the egg and larva stages in
this region makes control work less effective and it may pove
necessary to adapt a two-spray method of control. The pest is just
becoming established. in Canyon County."
Nevada G. I. Reeves. "Mr. K. N. Pack reports finding weevils in a field
at Lovelock, in Pershing County, on June 21."
C. W. Creel. "Mr. Eldon Wittmer has just completed a survey in the
Lovelock Valley and finds the weevils in rather large numbers on four ranches. These ranches are several miles apart, indicating
a general distribution of the weevils in this valley."
SPOTTED BLISTER BEETLE (Epimuta maculata Say)
Idaho Claude Wakeland (July 3). "County agent reports adult blister beetles
as doing serious injury to blossoms and seeds of qrimm alfalfa. The specimens sent me are tentatively determined as:Epicauta maculata."
PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)
Illinois W. P. Flint (July 18). "This insect has been increasing during the
last monthh and at present is killing clover in several counties
in central Illinois."
Montana A. L. Strand (June 11). "On 'May 29, specimens of this aphid were
sent in from Park City, where they were reported causing serious
damage to alfalfa. By June 2, it was estimated that the crop in
many alfalfa fields in that district was cut down 75 per cent.
About this time rneumous lady-beetle larvae were noticed in the fields,
and by the I, <.f June the a-nhid infestation had been practically
cleaned up by ihem."
GARDEN WEBWORM (Loostege similalis Guan.)
,diana J.J.Davis (July 20). "A webworm, apparently Loxostege similalis, has
just been received from Shipshewana in the extreme northern end of the State where it is reported as damaging alfalfa. The same species was
responsible foe injury to alfalfa in this locality last year."
SOYBEAN ROOT CURCULIO (Sitona crinita Hbst.)
adiana J.J.Davis (June 27). "This insect has been reported from Clinton and
Howard Counties as injuring soybeans. I recall last year having
received a letter from a correspondent in Clinton County advising
us that this insect was doing considerable.damage to soybeans. These
beetles were not recognized when collected. Specimens sent to the Bureau of Entomology were determined by Dr. E. A. Schwarz as above,
with a statement that this is a common European species and probably a
rather recent importation."
issouri A.C.Burrill (June t3). "Adult beetles resembling the 04t, 1 destroyed
60 per cent of the-foliage of soybeans planted in corn fZ.llowing the
turning undex of blue-grass soc. Specimens of this insect were
received by Dr. Haseman from another locality in Missouri doing similar
damage. This material qas sent to the Burea of Entomology arnd as
tentatively determined. as Sitona crinita Hbst."
NOTE: The notes appearing under Clover-Root Curculio, Sitona
hispidulus Fab. in Volume 2, No. 4, page 115, of th3 Insect Pest Survey
Bulletin, without a doubt refer to this insact.-J.A.Hyslop.
diana J. J. Davis (July 20). "Grasshoppers have been reported recently injuring alfalfa in the northern end of the State."
owa F.A.Fenton (July 15). "The differential grasshopper, Mulanoplus
differentialis Thod.,has been destauctivs in Shelby County and the two-striped. grasshopper, Melanoplus bivittatus Say,has occasioned
damage to crops in the south western counties of the State."
Fred D.Butcher (July 20). "A small outbreak of grasshoppers occurred
in Page County late in June. They were successfully controlled by
poisoned bran mash."
isconsin E. L. Chambers (June 28). "L very severe outbreak of grasshoppers is
under way in Door, Marinette, Forest, Florence, and Oneida Counties.
The infested area extends farther west than last year, covering
several townships in Price County. Over 10,000 bushels of poisoned
bran mash have already been distributed."
lebraska M.H.Swenk (July 15)."Grasshopper injury continues most serious in
Scottsbluff, Morrill, Sheridan, and Sioux Counties in western Nebraska.
A serious local outbreak in southeastern Washington County developed
late in June."
Sontana A.L.Strand. "The two-striped grasshopper has increased enormously
through the Yellowstone Valley and is causing considerable damage,
especially to alfalfa
A. L. Strand. "The clear-winged grasshopper, Camula palucida Scudd., is especially abundant throughout the Marias River counties which wQre"
very dry last season (Glacier, Tools, Pondera, Liberty, and Choutea
Counties). As one proceeds farther southward the number of warrior
grasshoppers decreases and the lesser migratory grasshopper MelanoDlup
atlania Riley preponderates. This last-named grasshopper is very
abundant throughout the sections of northern and eastern Montana in
Hill, Blaine, Chouteau, Cascade, Phillips, Valley, and Lewis and Clark
Counties. In soms places many of the hoppers of this species are already winged, while in.other localties they have just hatched."
Idaho Claude Wakeland (July 3). "In the vicinity of Rexburg they had serious
trouble with grasshoppers, and it is quite probable that the unusual
abundance of blister beetles observed this year is connected with this
daho & H. J. Pack (July 26). 'The black cricket (Anabrus simplex Hald) has
Utah reappeared in Utntah and Cache Counties and even in greater numbers
just over the State line in Idaho where a strip of country at least
5 miles wide and fifteen miles long is infested. Farmers and business
men have joined in "cricket drives" pending the outcome of poisoned
.evada C.7.Creel (July 10). "County agent of Elo County reports grasshoppers
coming off the foothills and invading cultivated lands in South Fork, Lamnoille, Starr, and Metropylis Valley. The majority of these grasshoppers are still wingless. In same W*hostfilds the crop has bean
tgt.lly destroyed." .
hississippi R.W.Harned (July 18). "Th3 differential grasshopper is causing considerable damage at different places in Mississippi. In Tallahatclie County
25 acres of soybeans have ben almost wholly destroyed and thay were weekkng in a. 250-acre field. In Monroe County the grasshoppers were destroying everything in a garden, including potatoes, tomatoes, and
FRUIT INSECT S
APPLE APHID (Aphis romi DeoG.)
Jassachusetts H, T. Fernald (July 10). "The rosy apple aphid is now disappearing
from the apple and the green apple aphid is becoming abundant, particularly on young trees."
Vonnecticut W. E. Britton (June 27). "Mr. H. L. Johnson, county agent of New
London County, reports that aphids are very abundant this season and
have done much damage in#apple orchards."
Rew Yotk C. R. Crosby and assistants report that this insect continues to be
abundant in Ulster, MIonroe, Niagara, and Orleans Counties but is not
particularly serious ."
issouri A. C. Burrill (June 20). "This insect is more abundant than usual
Ohio H. A. Gossard. "One outstanding feature of the season has been the
severe infestation of aphids in apple orchards. Several crchardists
have reported to us that they have never experienced such a severe
outbreak of aphids and have found it almost impossible to check there
by means of spraying or dusting. At present natural enemies are
Jississippi R. W. Harned (July 10). "essrs. H. t. Allen and F. 1. Hull report
that earlier in the season this insect was abundant enough to roll
the terminal leaves of 2-year old trees. They had largely disappeared by this date."
ROSY APPLE APHID (Anuraphis roseus raker)
.assachusetts H. T. Fernald (July 10). "This aphid has now disappeared from the
Donnecticut C. D. Clark (July 20). "Aphid injury is particularly noticeable on
Baldwin trees, especially so on trees having a heavy set of fruit;:
apples small and misshapen."
ew York E. V. Shear (June 24). "Rosy aphid has migrated from apple trees but
has left many orchards with from 50 to 60 per cent of the trees injured
in Ulster County."
CODLING LOTH (CLrpocapsa pomonella L.)
aew York C. R. Crosby and assistants report that from the middle of June to the
1st of July codling moths were ovipositing in Lonroo, Orleans, and Niagara Counties. W"ith tut few excentions all of the growers had
completed the codling moth spray by June Z8."
)elaware C. 0. Houghton (uly 15). "Uoths of the summer brood are no-: emerging about Newark."
Ohio H. A. Gossa-rd (Juliy n1N "The first codling noth to ener,-c 4n our
cages at 171oster ex.,e out July 20, wihindicates that they ray be
expected to appear about the nz i:.alt1e
Indiana J J Dlavis, kSe.al ~ao~to ~tePu-6uo U~iversity, June 30).
"A stu'iy ofth condi-Uons inz so'jcy-a G/;on ? Indiana sho-,1s that tha 'L>r:t larta o 0' th em ~>Ao.ZFh codling moth will issue
from ;Ai !tchell and Vincennec; southward J~ut~uly 4, front Bloomington
atout July 7, fror. Noc),-.e-vi11e .1,;1-1 11Cv I 2-0- Ft. Tav-re July 15,
and in the eXtrere normthorn soecticn of ~~~;aoJl 21."
Missouri A. C. Burrill (Juis 20). "Ful. gr'o- vr 'wor7:c are already spinning
cocoons th(;ugh some are to be fouin on acn oiz on the trees,, 7nspraye2.
trees show fruit about 50 per cent infezted."
Washington E'. J. Newcomer (July '7). "The- contirn7ued h )t weather in June caused
the fruit to g-rov. very rapid',: hut al,-o caused tefirst brood of codli-ng moths to develop eas.-y ,-i-th the :c~tthat the ordine.y spraying
practice (two cover aoplica-t-icnf two t-o t~lree 7:eek',s apart) waz mnadeauate and the fruit is woyi- han usib.al ii-. the 77enatchl~ee and YakiraValeys ."
Oregon A. L. Lovett (July 3.8). "7Thile generally the adult codling moths of
the first generation were less numerc -7 than usual, high te~rperature5
an~d excessive d&-cucht cond-_itTi.ons have a-,-p!,cen'.iy p.:-oduced ite3al egg
layin- editos Situation vioula be seri-,uj but- 'cr the fact that
the majority of" ingested apples i-ay be removed and destroyed in connection w,.ith t-hinning. FKga-s laid -7ron June 14 to July 5; first roth
o0 X-Tsecond gone:'al.ion energred Jl17; about 10 per cent of the first
brood worms left the frui-t abou-t July 12 in the VUillamette Valley."
FRUIT-TREF LF A'-RLLER (Cacqo ~i a @r.ros nlla Walk.)
Now York C. R. C.-osby and assistants "The moths of this insect appeared about
the idle of June, la-rge rizibers hai~been observed in Nar and
Orleans Counties from June 14 to June 20."'
Yontana A. L. Strand. (July 7). "Fr,.uit-tree leaf-roller still continues to be
injurious in unsprayed orchards in th-'e B-itter Root Vallley."
Idaho Claude Valkeland (June 27). "This insect is doing, considerable damage
for the first, tie .In a lar--, oMc-Mercial or-haecJ at Reybura'. ITr. Earl
Dickerson ieTported or. du.ne 4 that it --as diocovtcred frthe f irst time
in Apple Valley and 'Yrs Skuse repokfted on urc 1C, that it 7as discovered
for the first time at Lewiston."
UNICORNI PROMINE-NT (Schizura. unicornis- S. .
Mississippi R. W. Harned (July 12). "Mr. Kimble Harra sent in a num-be'r of
specimens of this insect from Long Beach with a statement, that they
were f eeding on apple ;'cliage."
Co anetiu o..I t~i~ (Ji u1 tc".-ra larvae arpeared, in 1a7Fe imu:.
b r G3P &C flJL y 11 uSprayed ILI~ in i4C.7 Faven kdunty.w'
~ 4~~ P~'i: ~~y ~ >2; ~~swthfolio~e badly injured abo ut wt, :-gt c )y the s !ixrvae ha-io( Epun cocouo 2
Sew Y:)rk 7. P 7eW1t (July 21). a r'r nei rather bad skre~trrize
169V3313 770'i Sent in -Tv.1v 12 '.-i..1i :~ r' ~df a tv-j~
FALL v,2,J, i -. .i a Druzy
e, York G. F. Snith (June 14N, fYur 'c.1 ieworz IIound today in orc-hards in~
*ew Jersey R. Hui.*zing. rThi-,s nmtw-, fc,,:nd the latt'or -pa-rt of June at Hollywood.
iaLpton, anda New Ern-74 a.-,--:D~C County."'
?ennsylvania S. W. Fr-ost f(July 1)) "Silice the laot of June these worms have made
their appear-ance ani aro nurerc'z in poo-,-,y sprayed orchards ."'
Lidiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "The conrro:n fall webwoizn has been found abundant
in a fe-,; apple o:chaz'ds of thi--s SteattoJ
)elaware C,, 0. Houghton (July 17). '"Theze insects are mu:,.h less nurierous than
'ennsylvania S. W. Frost (July 19). .TnJu~y serious on 9ples in part of Ad'3a-s ~uv
Thiis 4injury-was first noticJ. about tho in~2eOf Ju: e, the species involvecd being 1 ;i r e
,hio 1-i. A, Goss ard ( July 21). 1chse hry-ppers are caigingr sore anxiety aziong
orchardists. The two species '~lhat-cracted ettertion in -this 2Sta'Uo
are alMT UO as -n~ Ss.ad~ u ay
SN JOSE2 SMAL (1,g,)fj1 tus _ -ni,.,v:>_; Cormt.)
.assachus etts H. T Forncjd (July 21) ser to ',-! pra--tically a normal
season for t;calc insocis, no t-h.ing unua21 hii- *.-c-n seen or reportedd"
ew York A. L. Pierstorff (JTn 3. ssgaim-s v7 rre n.'srrve-d on this date
in Llonroe CounLy. The scales ars preic"t in noe3crateoIy large numberss"
ow Jersey R. Puiziny. "Sa n Tooe scale, observed the latter, part of June at Htmpton
.ndiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "Many apple tre es in the State are dying on
acccur z c oSrn Jose s-cle, Some cr-hards whiich weesli~ht ,y intested a yearc ago are now encrusted and someo tree-, already dead."
OW&. F. A. Fhnton (#l 15). sA u -7ey made during the month of June on tlh..
di3 t r.b- ior. of this pest in Iowa re-7ealcd the f act that it is on the ziicre e and 4's now found in Lee, VTan Buren, 7apello, 1.!ahaska, Henry,
Louisa, LYucatne, itnd Scott Counties."
lssouri A. C. Burrill (May 31). "Bad infestation found at Maryville."
kansas J. W. Roberts (July 7). "In northwestern Arkansas many trees have
been killed by the scale and lsrge numbers have been greatly weakened.
Undoubtedly, this has caused a hyper-susceptibility to certain discuses
particularly leaf spots."
EUROPEAN RED !.ITE (Paratetranvlhus ilosus C & F.)
Connecticut Phillip Garman (July 21). "Heavy rains since the middle of June have
considerably reduced the numbers of this pest in New Haven County."
Pennsylvania S. W. Frost (July 19). "The red spider has become very evident throup
out Adams County and is serious in some orchards. Orchards dusted wi
90-10 or with 2 per cent nicotine dust show no control while plots
treated with lime-sulphur show very little of the red spider."
Washingtor. E. J. Newcomer (July 10). "The orchard red spider is particularly
abundant in some orchards in the Yakima Valley on pear and prune trees and will do considerable damage unless growers are successful in ccmbatting it."
PEAR PSYLLA (Psylla T)vricola Foerst.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Pear psylla infestation in the apple
growing sections of New York is normal or below noral and sprayed
orchards are relatively clean. Second-brood nymphs began tc appear about the middle of June, sumer spray being applied the week of June
26. Observations cover Monroe, Niagara, and Orleans Counties."
E. P. Felt (July 21). "Very injurious in sore orchards in southern
Rensselaer and northern Columbia Counties."
PEAR-LEAF BLISTER WHITE (Erionhves nyri Pgst.)
New York C. R. Crosby and assistants report slight infestations in Dutchess and
Ohio H. A. Gossard (July 21). "This pest has been received several times
on apple foliage as well as on pear leaves. This is unusual for Ohio.
Indiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "The pear-leaf blister rite was reported as
damaging pears at Wawaka."
FLOWE'R THRIPS (Euthrips tritici Fitch)
Indiana J. J. Davis (July 20). "The flower thrips was responsible for much
injury to peaches this season in southern Indiana. The deforred
peaches were very conspicuous when they were the size of a quarter.
Some injury of this nature was noticed last year but it is more noticeable hand general the present season."
ASCARAB-AEIT BETLE (e I.2 rocifrrvs Purn.4 No fth
Carolina (Bulreau of Entomology Yonthly 'letter 1.o. 92) P'r. J. 1.Ci
reports that considerablo damago to thefl~2 ~ or t=-c"'c
occurred dur-Ing the early -prinig, reports flaying beekr',r fom
Aberdeon, Southern Pines, Pinehvrst, and Cardor, 1'. C ., r'
from Cheraw, S. C.. These boovLles wer~e frequeiAtly rret 1i narrir
trees for the curculia but the iniury to older trees Twas n.uJ
This species is a noct-urnal fec, er, o,;currin- in rireaxc ru
some of the young peach orchards. They usually burro,,t into 'o he
soil to a depth of' one inch near the cro'7-n of the trees during the
F'IRE AITf (Solenonsis F~rnt ab.) North and
South Caro lina(Bureau of :7 to~ooay M1onthly Letter No.. 93). "A Opec-ies of ant,
which Is belie-r-:ed to be the above, -is proving very -troublesomn to peach trees set thsyear on recenti-ly cleared woodland in the sand hills of Nor: h an-d So-uth Cazl1a hese ants cut the foliage and
carry the bits of lei-ves into their ne3ts. Damage by ants is
greatly redluoed by t' e z'requcrt stirring of the soil in cultivation
and -a"or all p ractica". purnos es this oc ~r o be- a. s at cf actory -! ntrc 1
Orchards set out or. old lands do not -appear -to b-- troubled at all by
GREEN SOLTDIFR-3UG (U1ezara 71 ai t ;h
-reorgia 0. 1. Snapp (July 1). "Thle green slirhghas been unusually
abundant in the peach belt this year a-ad some in-ury has be-en noticed
in orchards, where these inseci-s suck the frene frc I .he unriipe fruit."
SAN JOSE SCALE (Isnidiotu; rernrioscus '2o-st )
xeorgia 0. T. Snapp (J-uly 15). "The San Jose sccjle it; cpprnt]Ly increasing
rapidly in the Ceorgia peach belt. Poor results were obtained in
many cases last, winter w7.ith the dormart spra-y,. A large q,".antity of proprietary compounds was used and in many cases may be v~as poros ible
for t'-!- noor control."
CHEMTY F UT GOCCT (];haaft'is cin :uit Loe-v)
ew York D D 7Ward ( June '24). "Very few ff:_-uit flies have been observed in
the cherry orchardsc of Oncndwac %un-ty this st.,asori."
[regon A. L. Lovett (July lb). "Nearlv 100 per cencil of Lan'bert and Late
Duke cherries in the upper end of the 7 11 laett e Vral ley s hcow, maggot injury. Earlier white flesh varieties are attacked but the nwa-,ote are scarce at picking time and not conspicuous in the white flech."
SAY'S BLUSTEP. EETLE (Pcrmnhoroea EAZ Loc.)
ew York C. R. Crosby. "The latter half of June reports of damage to cherries
by this insect received from 17yoming, Onondaga, Yates, Ltbn and
Monroe Counties. Mr. A. L. PierStorff reports that many cases of
serious infestation were observed in the southern half of the latter
P. J. Parrott (June 17). "In some instances thi ifect s cornlet-Ily destroying the blossoms of wisteria, spiraea, aoses, and rrivct. TPsts
with baiun and lead-arsonate sho, t>t, the i.6ects succumb to arsenical,
within thirty-five hours after treatment.'
PLUM, CURCULIO (Corr trachelus nenuahar Hbst.)
ssachusetts E. R. Farr4ri (May 2.:). "First beetle of the season ooserved at
Lincoln on this date."
ode Island A. E. Stene (July 18). "I have seldom seen a year in which the
curculio has been more abundant and destructive."
onnecticut W. E. Britton and assistants. "The claw curculio is reported as
seriously abundant in New London, Fairf~e'd, and New Eaven Counties."
ew York L. F. Strickland (June i7). "This nest is not as abundant as usual
in Niagara County."
C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Considerable damage has been reported
to cherries, plums, and prunes from Ulster and Genesee Counties."
sw Jersey R. Huizing (June 22). "This pest was observed in-uring apple at
sorgia 0. I. Snapp (July 15). "The first curculio adult of the second
generation transformed yesterday at Fort Valley. The second generation will be small this year on account of the excellent control of
the first generation. One of the best peach crops ever produced in
Georgia has been harvested this year. The results of the curculic suppressionare remarkable. All the varieties, especially the late
ones, were very free from worms and feeding marks. Ave ae infestation amounted to one wormy peach to 5/8 bushel basket. In a number of orchards where fruit was cut to obtain percentage infestaticn the curculio infestation in drop peaches during 122 ohows a reduction of
22.6 per cent from what it was one year ago."
A SCARABAEID (Serica anthrazina Lec.)
regon A. L. Lovett (June 14). "Adult beetles arppecared in great numbers
and seriously defoliated prune trees in a small fruit section in
PLUM V E-SPINNING S,.IFLY (Neurotm.a inconsnicua Norton)
ebraska M. H. Swenk (July 15). "During the last week in June in Colfax and
Platt Counties the plum trees were badly defoliated by the plum webspinning sawfly."
BRO1V7N PLUM APHID (Hysteroneura setariae Thos.)
'isconsin S. B. Fracker (June 25). "Damage by this pest is reported from Dane
and Green Counties."
R AS PBERRY
R JPBEPRY CA E-EOY&' (C~bere a bimaculat a O iy. Aha'ie Tsl and A. E. Stene (July 16). "The raspberry cane-borer is shc-!.:irg up in
Connecticut B. H. XTalder, (J"uly 19). "T1ared canes were obsf-rvcd on July 10 atl
Iian~den, New Faver., arid Nor-th Branford."
Hew York C. R. Crosby (June 17). "Infested plants were sent in front: Utica,
RASPBERRY FRI2.0P.1 (Byturus unicolor Say) .ashington E. J. Newcomer (J7uly 17). "IThis insect w-as quite cor-on in arasp-berry patch in the Yakina. Valley. Ur to this tire 1 hatvo not observed this insect in this r-- gion."
CURP1'T APHID' (yzs ribis, L.) New York E. V. Shear (July 1) "Currant aphid more abundant thar, usual an !
a serious pest in sore plantings in Ulster County."
C. R. Crosby (June 20). "Infested material recpivec frow Friq,
flTPORTED CURRU,,T SAPYTLY (Ptercnieea ribesi Sco-.)
Connecticut H. L. Johnson. "This pest seers to be echoingg r'uch :!orse each year
at South Meridftn where the continued use of Paris green is needed to
keep it down."
FOUR1-LINED PLAN'T-BUG (PoocilocaTpsus lirneatus Fab.')
r assachusetts H. T. Fernald. "There is no evidence as yet ofl an cutoreak of the
New York C. R. Crosby. "Infested material sent~ in front Lackaw'anna, Eric
New: Jersey 1'. D. Leonard (July 19). "Currant patches, with foliage quito bay
damaged at M1ountain View ."
CR A ERRY,
BLACKIEAD CRAN~BERRY 'TR' (Rhonobota naevana, Huebn.)
Wisconsin 0. G. ialde (June 25) "The sunner-brood larvae arf now hatching
and an especially severe inf'estation is undar -..ray in the YMather
OBLIQUE-BANDED LEAFROLLFR (tCau ecia rosaceana Harris)
isconsin 0. G. Maldo (June 25). "A severe irnfestation of this insect was
observed in tihe Berlin 'District. The pest is also reported as present
in Waupaca, Wood, Juneau, and Jackson Counties."
CRANBERRY TIP FIGGOT (D~vLeura vaccinii Smith)
isconsin 0. G. Malde (June 25). "This insect is quite generally distributed
throughout the cranberry regions of Wisconsin. Adult flies eerged
from June 15 to the 20th."
PECAN-NUT CASE-BEARER (Acrobasis hebescella Hulst)
orgia 0. I. Snapp. "Pecan-nut case-bearer is reported by several pecan
growers in south Georgia to be very abundant this year with severe
injury already showing up on small nuts."
uisiana T. H. Jones (July 14). "Injured nuts were sent in by a correspondent
from Keatchie ."
PECAN SHUCKOPRI! (La~esia caryana Fitch)
ssissippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "The pecan shuck'orm has been reported as
causing damage to pecans at Paccagoula."
C% R. P
ROSE-CHAFER (1acxoact+,ilus subspinosus Fab.)
ssachusetts H. T. Fernald (July 18). "By this date rose-chafers had entirely
disappeared in the vicinity of Amherst."
w York C. R. Crosby and assistants. "The rose-chafer has been reported as
quite destructive in HTcnrce, Orleans, Oncndaga, and Putnam Counties.
In Monroe County the damage seemed to be much more serious on sandy
SJersey R. Huizing (June 7). "This insect was doing damage to roses and
fruits at Atlantic Highlands." est
rginia L. M. Peairs (June 25). "This insect was not as serious as in some
former years thugh present in considerable numbers about Mormatcn orth
rolina Franklin Sherman (July 11). "The rose-chafer has ocen abundant and
destructive to apple, grape, and roses in certain nountain localities
0 H. A. Gossard (July 21). "The rose beetle came in for its usual
share of notice."
GRAPE LEAFOPPR IErvthroneura comes Say)
York E. P. Felt (July 21). "The grape loafhopper appeared to be somewhat
abundant in portions of the Chautauqua grape belt and in parts of the
Hudson Valley. On June 30 considerable numbers of wingless hoppers
were observed in northern Colunmbia County."
C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 24). "Infestation in Ulster County
does not seem to be very heavy this year. The first eggs were observed in Chautauqua County hatching on June 17."
L. F. Strickland (June 10). "Adult leafhoppers are unusually numerous
in Niagara County vineyards. Infestation is as heavy as that which
produced the outbreak in 1916."
ACHEMON SPHINX (Pholus achermon Drury)
ifornia A. J. Flebut (July 18). "This insect is far more abundant than usual
in lMadera County. First brood was partially controlled by spraying
and the second brood is just hatching."
WHITE-LINED SPHINX (Celerio lineata Fab.)
Lifornia A. J. Flebut. "Several instances were noted where full grown caterpillars had left drying up grass field and attacked vineyards.
Practically all outbreaks were in new vineyard sections in the San
Joaquin Valley. Hand picking seems to be the only satisfactory
ALFALFA CATERPILLAR (Eurymus eurvtheme Boisd.)
ifornia A. J. Flebut. "These insects are leaving cut alfalfa fields and
causing some damage in near-by vineyards in the San Joaquin Valley."
YELL6WWETR PZEDTE 0 -IR He.andnishogalli var. praefica Grote)
ifornia A. J. Flebut. "This is a pest throughout the San Joaquin Valley,
leaving alfalfa, upon which it is generally feeding when cut, and entering near-by vineyards. Ditches are generally successful in
checking inroads. Damage is slight except in case of young vines."
GRAPEBERRY WORMI (Polvchrosis viteana Clem.)
SH. A. Gossard (July 21). "I judge from material sent in that the
grapeberry worm is more numerous in the grape districts near Cleveland
than it has been for several seasons."
FALSE CHINCH BUG (Nysius angustatus Uhler)
fornia A. J. Flebut. "This insect has been reported from several new
sections in Tulare County. No control has been found that was
GRAPEVINE TOMATO GALL (Lasioate-a vitis 0. S.)
!assachusetta Ht T. Fernald (July 21). "During late June and early July the
gr-apevine tomato gall appeared in rather unusual abundance, both on
cultivated and wild grapes."
GRAPE-CANE GALL-MAKER (AmnelogJ4oter sesostris LeC.)
ebraska M. H. Swenk (July 15). "Early in July this insect was discovered in
a vineyard in Thurston County. This is a new pest for Nebraska."
CITRUS MEALYBUG (Pseudococcus ciri Risso)
ihaissippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "This insect has been, reported on figs,
coleus, and other plants in various parts of the State. 1?here the Argentine ants are present the mealybugs are almost certain to be a
serious pest to fig and other plants."
Louisiana T. H. Jones (July 15). "As is usual at this season of the year, complaints are being made concerning the abundance of this mealybug on
fig. This is usually due to the fact that the pest reaches its
maximum abundance at this season. During July reports have been
received from New: Orleans, Hammond, Addis, and Baton Rouge."
CITRUS THRIPS (Scirtothrips citri Moulton)
Jalifornia A. J. Flebut. "The citrus thrips is abundant and doing much damage
to citrus in Tulare County. Also received several reports of injury
to vineyards and other deciduous fruits, particularly plur, and apricot."
TRUCJV, O P I S E CT S
POQTATOES AND TQ~TO
COLIORAZO POTATO UEE~TLE ~ t~oasadt i t Say
Massacbuasetts HT.Fernali July 19)6 k*Th,- Colorado potato b3stl-D and the3 thrCslinsd Potato beetle ara about normially alb-dant."
Connecticut 11,.E.Britton. "County agents of N~w London and New Haven Counti3S
report that the Colorado potato beetle has not been as prevalent
this year as usual.".
New Jersey MD.Le-onard (July 19). "This insect is generally scarce throughout
Blergen and Passaic Couriti,,s, although in I.soliated patches it is
d.ig considerable idzragea,"
Iowa F.A.Fenton (July 15). uThe Colorado potato beet'la was very
destructive during the past month, doing more damage than it has
i2. ha past four years."
Wisconsin S.BFracker (June 26). '7This insect is unusually numerous in the
northern comnercial potato sections,"
POTATO FLnA..BMEL (Thpitrix cucurmeris Harr.) New York C.R.Crosby and assistants. *Du~ring the latter half of June flea.
beetles were very nu=3rous and d: structive in !Monroe, Genesee,
and Orleans Counti3s,,doing more dazaz3 than usual."
New Jearsey M.,D.Leonard (July 19). 'US-rioua injury to foliage in several pat~hes, even where spraying was carried on, near Pomipton."
Dlelaware C.O.Houghvon (July 15). "This insect is about normally abundant
Wisconsin S.B.Fracker (June 26). "This insect is about nornall*Y abundant
throughout the State.
North R.L.Webster (June 20). "Injury to foliage by thac beetles at this
flakota time in Fargo and Casa County."
POTATO APIMD (Macrosinh solanifol.i Ashm.)
Massachu.setts B.T.Fernald (July 19). "The potato a~phid ba3 not yet appeared
except a few scattered individuals. There is no evidence as yet ol;'
New York H.C.OdalJ. (June 17). "ThM potato aphid was quite 'eif3ctively chaccIeby the violent wind and rain of June 11. In Nassau County they ar, multiplying rapidly at present. (July 1) Infestation of the potato
aphid is again becoming more prevalent."
3w Jersey M.fl.Leonard (July 19). "Fairly _-caxxor on potatoes, rather scar ce on
tomato3s, no appr-aziable damage. Ladybirds are unusually abundant.
llinois C.C.Conipton (July 15). "Potatoe3 in Cook and Cane Counties generally
infested, and at this writing the potato ap~hid is beoming numerous
enough to cause serious danxage."
POTATO LI2AFHIOPPER Q a na~ li e.
assachusetts E.T.Fernald (July 19). "There is no evidence as yet of any outbr,)ak
of ha potato leafhnopper."
ew Jersey M.D.Leonard (July 19). "Ropperburn is severe about Pompton in several
large patches of unsprayed potatoes. Nymphs and adults are cozr~on,,
other fields in tha~vicinity more or less affected."
ennsylvania S.77 Frost (July 19). "The_ injury by this species on potatoes is beginiing to bacorme apparent and leafhoppers are present in large numbers'.
ast W.E.fluxsey (July 15). "LaafhopI~rs are abundant on potato vines at
irginia MprEgantovMn and do ing. cons iderabe damage."
07a F.A.Fc-nton (July 15). "The Ipotato laafhop.per is abundant and
destriactive, although it is not doing a much damage as it occasioned
in 1921. Rscornt ra ins during the last week have destroyed practically
all of the- nymphal stages, with a result that early potatoes,, even
when unsprayed, are still st~Anding up, although showing consid-arable
hopp,3rburi3, The first spray was puat on in the nor th:ern part of the
State during the_ -Last wee k in Juns, the second spray in, ths southern
Part of the State during the- first wseek in July, and in the Cen~tral
p. r of the State bha second weeak in July."
nnesotat A.G.Rugglas (July 19). "The potato le-afhop-pers are fairly abundant
but only in a few cases have the-y done as muach d_=,ag3 as last year."
Asconsin S.B.Fracker (June 26). "Adualts appeared on potatoes before June 20;
nymphs are now conzon."
THREE-LID 'POTATO BF7,TLE (Lemra trilineata Cliv.)
ssachusetts H.T.Fernald (July 19). "Th': three-lined potato beetle is abca,
w York R.GPalm~er (June 17). "This insect ha~s be.en found in large numbers
i4 qeez fields in.Chautauqua County."
Jersey M.D.1Leonard (July 19). 'Aadult occasionally observed at Pomr-ton and
rew York H.C.Odell (jvl-,T 1). vSayls blictar b-: Oe, T L
has.appearad in large. nuL-bers in thr,, ff e--z ir' nWticut W.F.Britton 'J Ly -'A.), "aR:cb, is S -,ILe injury
in one fial- n- o r : --:7
.diana D', v is (ji;ly 20 '31ister b3at'L-c F ,b. an-I Z
7ab- a r dcJrl-: =.2h dan-a:re an i d--,,!;- -,:.z ).;I beli- e no h.-ivc bean
r )c--ivod r.,)-,t-h of Goluffous, ind.
braska M. H Swenk Uuly 1 "Durir.2. th 3- lazt in J-ano zavor-;I -:, Port8
of 1:1jury "4o -octa-to JCi ,-Idz by a striped bilistcr
atana, A.L.Strand y "31is-3;,: b---eti3s, especially
Sayt are i I i' ,-It;CO5, arla tv,,, cx o', r
a-.1arge part of thzSissippi R."%Elarnad (J-;.Iy 1; ,*. have bcen reported as
in h-r-e numbers at sever-I
ONIOIT THRIPS (7-iri7s tab,.ci L.) hington -T-Ne-,7co:LLr (Ju2y 10 ). III-hli ins, ct is att-.--king a consi., ra)IIS
ar% a of :otatres in th Val-'ayj and Zoir,"- grolvers a--.rs
soLLething they have don befov3,ft
ana, V',TD,. vis (July. "0'. ffTI---- tomato 1ruit-vorm h is been g,: n,: r---Ily abiani,--int
an". d structiva th a past zonth."
c 'IT 3 E A (17' 7
1: 7, 0 r- ED cl G E 7 0 R, P c i a r a -,!,, s L I !aska, 15). 177-ie usu l of of injury by this
durin ; p:-)riod cov )r:--d by th-.3 r: pcrr, (jvne 15y data larvae rare seen in a --arden Patch
acticut H.L.J,- hnzon. 11771-As to ba hoIdLig its own and bids fair
w Yo rk P.J.Parrott (Ouno 17). "The cabbeC ,"_ t s a ..Lt -n z;-,3d b3-61s)
but ov7ir-, to fr-, quent rains th r"LAr.ts 'Ir- good growth,
lit le evids. ace of.injury albout G ne va,
flower pants severely -njurecl by this E.P,,F31t y 21). "Cauli_ Ij
pest w ra r 3caived late ir June -from Clinton County."
C.R.Crosby and assistants r ,,port thai. injury by this p 2st is less
serious t'han -as;al in OnondaFa and Monroe Oounti_--s."
CA3:3A,3_.'T AI ITID Brevicorrne brassica3 L.)
r York F.C.Odell (J,--ly 1). 'This ins ct is showing up in s,3rious riu.fbars in
Nas s au. C o-,.;n t y. 11
77a Fred D.Butcher (O"j-1y 20). Iiit ,.-uscatin_- the cabba e a-phid ir,. iz foun,_i
attacking about 41.-', O acr 7s of cab".-ag3 on Jlxn D 2-4t. Ir.....
be3n Ghipp_-d f -om -th3 south about tho midd!3 of Ar-ril ind t1c'-I
noticed lice-on them -.t th t 4,M_ w-var no wa3 e.rid- nt
V Ia U Ho z:>
untll about louna
3sissipri R."T.H _,rned '\July 10). Irf3st zti3n haavy -Lbout 3z Collap,a,
average of cC adults --ind 3c -C ,Oh collard plant."
CAE31-g-3 I00PED (A-ctn.7rqph" bras Ic y)
,sissi-O-ri E.7.H,,,rn3d (ji.Lly C). nInfnz station hDa7-,- at A L 7% Collag3j 56 larvae
to a full gra rn zollz rd pl_.nD.ff
B F L
: LEXICICT B= B=TL.2 (Frilachna ( orrurt l
th Frank'-in Shemman (JuZy 11). "Th,3 b3an be+ -,tls h"a be,-- ,n
ol ina to us frcm two mount-,,in lo3al-Iti_ ,s rap:-3sentin7z a zli,7 ht extansio.of the tOrritory alrea dy found to be Lifeste"', une in
and t other in Clay County.1i
sissippi R.T.E,. jrned (J7aly 18). "So far the 'Mlexica q bean be3tll- has nnt be!3n
found in Mississir, i
BELN TZAFB== (CerctoL:a tri.I'ur,.:,,qta Foerst.)
siszippi RW:Ilarned (J-ally 10). "ThIs in_ _-ct is rather abundant on beans
& M. College, of 2 to ev-,ry grown pl_:,n-."
SOT_7UI-_RT GR-7 Mi_-7,6UG viri, ul,,. L.)
siana T.H.Jones (July 25). fro= correspondents in Caddo
and Vernnillio--i r3jarling i-njury to lii..a baans ,
.1 z - -- -Y 1-1
though 4nj-ury to ot:,jar na Ootato3s mantionad."
G,= IT ;7] tC--)
eorgia 0 1. Snxol? is ro]C, A1,M'.int bout T"ort
Valley than it has been for i n-a:-,b3r of y,3 -rs. c,--an3 ii. many
gardens hwve been almost totally 1-lestroyai by't' ie. Istirli--st in
(A:,riot -3 r-incuG Say
,aw York CR.Cro3by 7une 2.0). "Sa-;en acres of beans in Sc:7L1zylcr County vorY
badly inf,3stad b-,,,r wireworm. This fi,--.'L'd was PL-intad to vih3,::tt and
plorved under this spring. L,;Lst year it w s in bears follo,V4n. a
WEST= 1171SP01"TED UCTI:ir 3---I-r- Mal (Diibrotica Lec-)
r-egon A.L.Lov--tt (July 18), 'S3,rious irjury dtctirs to ,r.i:ry -ro s. B .ns,
rotato,3s, and the zil-'-- of s-;7a :I-- 4w corn h, .v3 proven f,, vorite fcodc.
Damage exz3r*Vio-1-Ll!y serious s L-- rD Co-cmty."
STRI = CUC- P SZF 3== (Diibrotica aittp-- c-, F,-ib.) .ssachusetts H.T.Fornald (July 19). "Th: ovarwintoring adults of the stnipod
cuzimmib ?r beetle hav3 been disappearing from, fi lds sinc-- aboat thle
Yo rk (J,.2n- -,9). Th -irvae of the strayed zucu-mtber be--tle
are causing mor3 d ge tl- -inL
vas ok,-7, I-Ved laot in S-x=it Ccunty,!
st (July 6). 07his insct is less nuy-- ro-us -"-h"n a-,
ginia t -1 a time last y,-"r in tl is S-0,4--.77
Va F.D Dut-her (July 20). 'On Juna 20, 1 fo;ind the sturir. ,d zuc=b : r
I-etle destroying t'he.f4rst planning of and slash a- Atl-nt'--onsin S.B.Fracker (Juna 25). 'More comj laint4i thxn usual fror., solath-3rn t77,ro-rthirds of the State."
.raska ?11-H.Sw3-nk, "July 1,5 ). "' ual number f complaints of injury by this
POst r 3caivod dialing the past month."
SQUASr_ BUG Ulma .a -ri7.tL3 D-'.)
sachusotts H.T.F---rnald (July 19 'The squ-ish bu,2, is in rorr7al abvndam a. Fcr,--y-s > ,-D I
are hatchinE and a fev r nymphs dev--lo-pod to th-3 third instar =zq now
Fred D. Butcher (July -,0)' "'-h,3 3T,:,a a b. b,, g a s o v o Z i t i n a t t In S
braska M.E Swenk (July 15)~. "The usual numtbar of complaints of injury by this
pesi were rec23ived during, th-- Iast Lc.nth.1"
regon A.L.ovett (July 12). "Serious injury froriJuly 5 in southern Oregon
and at The Dallas."
assachuset-izs H.T.Fernald (July .31). "The onion thrips, w,,hich is frzqaently
very abundant by this ime has no', baen observed up until the
past week and even now is not doing any amo-at of appreciable
ississippi R,..arnad (July 10). vA srall patch of onions a.t A & M. College
SPOTTE1D CUT TOR' (A,--o tis c-i rxn L.)
assachusatts E.T.Fcrnald (July Z)1). "On July IQ-. this insect was found att..;zkilg
onions in Sundarlnd district in the Conne.t-Icut VaJley, the -1rv-e
cutting the half grown to bearl.7 full grown plants nearly to th3e
bulb. The fi~ld infested waz directly west of a heavy clover sod
which bad just been cut,. It seenz~ evident, that the cutworms migrated
from this loverr fiel~d. In two days they had worked into the field
14 rows. In abth-r z-ase where reo ently cut clover wvas near by,
they had migrated to corn~ ind onions, It wvas not unconon to find
from Z to 3 well grown larvae in a single onions leaaf,'
litana A.IL.Strand. Preparations are undar way to induce all gro- ers
in tha Yellowvstona VaJJay to combat a heavy infast,tion of the
BOLL WEIVIL Lrn.hrn-oinjms 'rnandi3 Boh.)
abama B.R.Coad (Delta Laboratory, July 2). 'fEaavy infestations of the
boll weevil are reported from Jac!Kscn, Do1Zalb, Chorokee, Lawrence,
Morgan, Fa,,.e~te, rkaIker, Jefferson, Pick ris, Randoh e, caw
More, Eu-01er, !!ont~gomr y~r, Buloc, Bax IQI=, and C -nera Cu OeS'
Moderate infesta.Jion is reporte. f-c-, St.~ Clair ad Col"ert Counties
and slight infes'ktat:.on from r-uklAn, Marion, Mvadison:. 'alladega,
Marengo, and Macon Counties. Reprorts were rec3 ved fro~n thirt,--four
c9upties on boll weevil conditions between Jvtne 15 and Juldy 15.1
,kansas, B.R.Coad (Delta Laboratory, July 20). Clleavy infestation .has been
reported from Grant, De-sha, Howard, .Ulaoki, Chicot, Prairie, 77hite,
Nevada, Hot Spring, Poinsott, Pik-e, Clarl~, Faulkner, and Sharp
Counties. Slight infestation is reportal. from Lono'ke, Ashley,
75odruff, Mississippi, Montgomery, Yell, Claburra, Jackscn, St.Francis,
Polk, Perry, Lincoln, RandolDh, -'Onroe, Independance, Phillips,
Arkansas, Dallas, M.-iller, and Lafayatta. & ports of th3 presence of the weevil were received from forty coun:-'iez in this State," Bureau
field workers ascertained the percentL.a,- n~'esiation in the following
counties: Ashley, 8 per cant; Chicot, 15-75 per cent; Puilaski,153
pqT cent; Woodruff ', 2-15 per cent; M iller, 4-15 per cent.'
orida B.B.Coad (June 15). "tReports daddicate a more widespread infestation
than in 1921. Numbers of weenvils in mat secti-ons much larger than in previous years for this period. A heavy scattered infestation is
reported from Madison County." 4
orgia B.R.Coad (Delta Laboratory,July 20). 'Boll weevil infestation was
reported as heavy in Morgan, Troup, F'ranklin, Floyd, Jaopart Harris,
77asbhington, Early, Columlbia, Carrol, Chatham, Laurenz, %Clay, Terrall,
Crisp, and Houston Counties. The weevils w-re also numerous in
McDuffie and 14ewton Counties. Slight infestation was reported from
Colquitt, Randolph, 11',ascogea, Thomas, Bibb, Spaldiing, Coweta, M arion,
and M~onroe Counties. Reports of the presence of the weevil werereported from 34 counties."
isiana B.R.Coad (Delta Laboratory,July 20). "Heavy boll weevil infestation was reported from Webster, Bienville, Natchitoches, East Carroll,
Tensas, Rapides, Avoyelles, Red River, 73st Carroll, and Moreh~ouse Counties. Slight damage was re ported from Richland, Lafaye-tte, St.
Landry, East Feliciana, Ouachita, and feSoto Counties. 'The Bureau's
field men ascertained percentage damaged in. the following counties:
Richland, 15-30 per cent; Ouachita, 25 per cant; Deo-oto, 10-20 per cent;
Red River, 10-40 per cent; Natchitoches, 15-30 per cent;Avoyelles, 2048 per cent; Bapides, 15-.51 zz-;r ce nt; Bossier, 45-100 per cent."1
ssissippi RW.Earned (July 18). "As a whole, 'veevils are not as abundant now
as we had reason to expect they wovlde be a month ago. Apparently
they are mora i-i hil.11, s.! actions of t--- State, than in the
D-31ta. 'but even in 2 ill z Y-an-- cLui be fo-and with less t?"n
10 per can'. 1..Ia-iters :.r3 ro--srnin- a'-".- i'!ast the
b o 11 we Z v il than e7 r -' c fc
3.R.Coad (Delta La-Dorato-'y, July 20). 'H-:-avy -7;,33vil inf station was
reported from the following oo-x-)ties:
late, A-Ionro A-49.11a, Coahoma., YontgoT.rerl-, Jelfferscn,
Pike. Ij -:vrrance, C il'-,'-oun, Sunflo-rar, B ,ntcn, No-cubes, Pr-,rLt-*,ss, Claiborne, Union, Boli-7, x, Sh,-,xkey, Ti; pah, 7ebster, incoln,,
Oktibbeha, Tish=i.go, Al-corn, Winston, Grenada, warrenn, 7 -hir. ,tcn and Quitwan. The heavy inf stAtions were --he::k 3i by ccnd 'ticns in several of these counties. Slit7ht inf!D3*aILIiGn8 T Cl' j
from Panola, Carroll, Pontozoc, Lafayette v vais'narf
M---lthall, Leaha, Hinds, Clay, Jones, Eumphroys, Carrcll, D_") ,ts,
Tunica, Lee$ Yeshloba, Laudarda.1a, 7"ay-I-e, Sia-pscn, arid
Counties Raports wer,3 rac77aivid from 58 counties in this
Drth Franklin Sherman (June 23). "Taa iva.nvil is reported Ys plsntifcl
3,rolina in Robeson, Col-w-bus, Anson, Union, and Scotland. CountLas .Voccasional specimens reported from Richmond, Bladen, Mlaclkl- an- nirg,
Mpore, Cumb3rland, ind Onzlow Counti-s.ff
dabom i B.R.Coad (D !lta Labor--- -toryJul-- 20). "H3 :,vy infestation of th3
'I a !
-Ma-37il is r -- crt:ld fA-= -Lnd ,rts of H,: skallj PontstoAtoka, Okfus' IeB. Linco-n Slight L-stations,
are raportad- Yror. L aflcre, J, ff---son, Clavsland, C, ,dAo, Corr. ancha.
McCurtaint Chcztaw, Loq-a-, and --L ,.in Co--nti3s. -h3 -x3 avii is
r pqrtad from 34 counties in this
)-ath 3.R.Coad (D Ita Labor-,tory, July 20)."%iows a --om-a-ratively light
rolina infestation during this period while reports indicate conGid=I-able
increa3a in infatuation in the prospect of naw ganaration of 173avilG
now hatching. They war-- reported as plentiful in Aiken, Ches V--1f -,--ld
Ch3star, Sumter, Abbsvil"13-, Spm-tanbur:r, Lancaster, Claren"--'on, ard Orangeburg Counties ind sli-ht in And, -,rson and Na,7.,-b,-rry Co%.nties.
Tl ey wara repor I.- ad from 14 countias.in t-his State."
nnesse3 B.R.Cod (Delta Laboratory.July 20). "El--avy infestations of tha boll
weevil are rarorted in D3catur, ELrdin, McNairy, Fayatte, Sh3lby,
Haxdan-an and Ch ,st3r Counti-as and light infestations in T41)ton,
Gilast E ,-nd--rson; H y?;ood, Madison,.L; .udardale and -McMinn Countiesff
xas B.R.Co ,d (Delta Laboratox-jJu17 2C). "The 3ur3auls field -xork. ,rs
have dzt,--nmined the perc: nt..L-3 in-f3station in tha following: o,xti-3s:
Czumeront 92 per cnat; Eillgo, :4-95 pe-- cant; Jim 7--lis, 51 per
cont; N-;-Ices, 47 cent; raZcria,, 40 par cart; Libarty, 39 _mr
cent; 6 par -ant. Haavy i..f3st tions are also r: por- !ad from
Ellis H"ys, CDry:M, Gre-- 7, D, anton., Paeker Tise, Cooke,
Sa&bine, ani Gr- ;son Cc-;nt--es and slight inf -.:s tat- ions
in !'x, r ttagne, E)plr r, 3 z; V'Issy f, ennan, and Ccllin CGazitttie- Weevils w'F re rar -'rom 43 zoun-I s in this State.*
COTnTON WOWiM (AJlahsai arv-illacsa Hubn.)
B.R.Coad (Telegram August 1). *Cotton le-af-worm reported very
generally during the z.ast fiw days, over T
very widespread infest~ation developing."
COTTOI T SPIDR (TetrRanychus telarius L.)
Lsaissippi R.71.Earnad (July 18). "The cotton red spider is casing same loss
in this State."
CORN-SIIZ BEETLE (Lurerodi varicornis LeC-)
)rth Franklin Shaermran (July 11). "This beetle was reported dnce during
irolina the month destroying the blossoms of cotton. This is the first
report in several years,*
CCY PU- CUROIJLIO (Cbao icaus Bob.)
)rth Franklin Sharman (July 11). 'This beetle has caused nnerous complaints
tolina since 1'-Tay 18. This pest has been found more prevalent than usual but
we are convinced that the darmAge is -not seriofls."
BOLLrTOM: (Heliothig obsoleta Fab.)
)rth Franklin Sherman (July 11). DOn July 1 an outbreak was reported
Lrolina from Lee County, the insect spreading from oats and vetch into
cotton. This sounded very much like the fall armworm but the
specimens were determined as the above at Washington. At aboat the same time similar outbreaks occurred along the South Carolina line.
In this latter locality a cotton dusting machine was used to apply
calci,um-arsanate with entire sat isfaction. Ths larvae were attacking
t~ej oliage in large~numbers. Squares have not yet formed."
Ssissippi R.W.Harned (July 1e). 'This insect is attracting about the normal
amount of attention as a pest of Cotvon.'
0 ~COTTON APHID (Aphis gossyrii Glov,)
3.S B.R.Coad (June 15). IPresanc3 of aphidas during the we ek ending
Mcv. 20, was reported from Alandale, S.C. Gibson, Noce 7aynesboro,,
Ga., B'uena Vista, Ga., and Rungs, Ta.
SUGAR-CAN'T' BORERT (aiatra;-.a I"~~ .
.o-,kis iana T.E.Holloway. 'At the sugg-,stior. of Dr. Eow!v-d-j dults of
Th~rr~brcn rivco-nis a parasite of the Eu-op-:.n corr. borer
from Ytance,, -,.erp sont to the s'-igar-cane, ins~ect laboratory at
New Orleans for *use against the suig ,r-cane moth borer. They
attacked lL~r7ae- of the troth borer VsQT ,'Iy aaid were bred successfully
under laboratory conditions. Several h' ;n~.ed of the parasite3s
haV3 been released on a plantation near
TMONS, (Irramib~is caliginosellus Clen..and AcOZ:Qorhq3 roEPan Ia CJlenM)
!ennessee A.C.organ. "The most serious infestation of tobacco crambids
in the history of T-mnessaa occurred this year ar.1i cuhmibated in June. This was also the worst year on record for hornworm
iijury to tobacco in this S-t.C.
FOREST AND S HADE-TREF INSECTS
PEPTODICAL CICADA (Tibicina septpndeci L.)
rginia W. E. Rumsey (June). "The periodical cicada was reported from the following places in West Virginia: Lincoln County (Bernie, Bulger,
Minerva, Myra, Priestley, Sand Creek, Sheridan), Logan County (Pecks
11ills), Mason County (Grimes Landing), Yonongalia County (Morgantown),
Putnam County (Bee, Midway, Scott, Depot, Scary, and 77aldo)."
Idana J. J. Davis. "The periodical cicada has appeared in the following
places in the northwestern corner of Indiana: Hammond, Cedar Lake, Lowell, between estville and Morris, and Wanatah. Considerable
damage has been done to forest and orchard trees. Apple and other
fruit trees suffered most. All of the reports so far have come
from the three lake counties."
linois (Bureau's Correspondence). "During late June correspondence indicated
the presence of the periodical cicada at Joliet and Roselle."
Ia (Bureau's Correspondence June 15). These insects have been reported
very numerous in the timber about Dyersville.
sconsin (Waterford Post, June). "One day last week, according to a report,
the sky over Lake Geneva was clouded with these insects and the woods
are resounding with their wailings."
S. B. Fracker (June 26). "This insect is common throughout the
southern part of the State north to Sauk County. Definite records
have come in from Grant, Walworth, and Sauk Counties."
lorida Jeff Chaff in (July 29). "Reports from inspectors and county agents
indicate that the XXI brood of the periodical cicada is present all
over North and West Florida at the present time. I have received
specimens from as far west as Bqy County, Panama City, and collected
a few specimens here at Gainesville yesterday. The brood seen's less
numerous than usual and just appeared within the last ten days or
F.ALL WBBW0R0..1 (Hwhantria cune Drury)
isachusetts H. T. Fernald (July 14). "First tents of the fall webworm were seen
at finherst today. These contain larvae from 3 to 4 days old."
Ia Fred D. Butcher (July 20). "Webworms were very common on boxelder
and ash trees in Cass and 'ontgomery Counties."
:-ska 16. H. Swenk (July 15). "The whole of eastern Nebraska is again
threatened with a scourge of the fall webworm on shade trees similar to the one experienced last year, as the first brood of this pest was
very plentiful and defoliated theep. extensively in some places."
sissippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "The fall webworm is more abundant and more
serious than we have ever known it to be at this time of the year.
Thousands of small trees in all parts of the Stato have been completely
defoliated. Rather large trees are to be seen with several dozen webs on them. So far only the first generation has appeared, but
the worms are probably more abundant than they usually are during the second generation. If natural enemies do not help this year, vie can expect very serious losses from this pest when the second generation
appears in August and September. Their favorite food plants seem
to be in the following Order: persimmon, pecan, hickory, walnut,
sycamore, black gum, sweet gum, and elm."
isiana T. H. Jones (July 7). "Webs noted to be rather common in woodlands
near Olla in LaSalle Parish."
BICGOM (Thyridontervx enhemeraeformis Haw.) North
wolina Franklin Sherman (July 9). "The evergreen bagworm is causing more
inquiries than usual."
iana J. J. Davis (July 20). "The bagworm is, as usual, prevalent in
southern Indiana and has been reported as especially destructive to
wissippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "The bagworm is very abundant at several
places in this State on cedars and arborvitae."
uisiana T. H. Jones (June 17). "This insect has been reported as destructive
ELM SPANTORM (Ennomos subsienarius Huebn.)
W York G. E. Smith (June 24). "The moths of this insect appeared in Orleans
County on June 18 and 19, but are not as plentiful as last year."
jana J. J. Davis (July 20). "Recently two reports, with specimensof
defoliation of shade trees and timber trees by the larvaA of this pest, have been received from Albion in the northern part of the
State and from Lizton in the central part. In the latter place this is the third consecutive season that this insect has been a
pest. This insect was also observed in the woodlands along White
River from Broad Ripple to Noblesville, and has been recorded along
Fall Creek as far as Ft. Benjamin Harrison. Specimens have also
been sent in from inchester. There seems to be a heavy tachinid
parasitism which will probably largely control this outbreak."
'.T-"ork T. C. Vurray (June 17) "Forest troes x ei'c 5everely dofoliatel in the vicinity of Cedar Pond in -Rockland. Count~y."
BOYXELDER T71C PORER (Proteopteryx willirgana Kearf.) North
aota R. L. 7ebeter (June 221). "A number of reports have come .in of this
twig-*crer, mostly from, the central. portions of the State."
CECRIOPIA MTOTH (Saznia recropia L.) Nrth
aota. R. L. Webster (June 29). "Moths wore sent in by several correspondent
The larvae of this insect frequently strip boxelders and foliage
during the season."
CATALPA SPFIN'X (Ceratonia catal-nao Boisd.)
o H.. A. Gossard (July 21). "The catalpa sphinxK was again quite nurerousZ
in June in some catalpa groves in Viari County."
isissippi R. V7. Harned (July 16). "Apparently twu~o distinct generations of the
catalpa sphinx have already been observed at Starkville."
CATALPA VIDGE (Cecidomyia catal-ae Comst.)
ho H. A. Goosard (July 21). "In late llina and, early Jutly we had several
reports of the catalpa midge."
FLZ! LEPY-BEETLE (Gtlerucella luteolo, ::ueil.)
asachusetts H. T. Fernald (July 211). "Late in June the elm leaf-beetle Ywas
reported to be present in large numbers in sections of 7'estfielj and Longymeadol.w. These reports Can not be considered :!onclurivc,
as the pest can not be found at Px-herst."
OYork E. P. Felt (July 21). "This insect was reported aw having- bad>.skeletonized elms at Vaterford, faratoga, County, and also rote-d 1171
Loudonvill1e and about Albany. In Rochester 1'r. R.E. lHersey rercrts that badly infested trees have been noted in the old area, and a ne7w,
one infested in the eastern poton of the 6ity."
C. R. Crosby (July 4). "Specim!ers of damage done by this pest. were
sent in from Auburn, Cayuga Cour.--."
Jersey Richard Huizing (July 7). "This insect is damaging elms at Princoton." West
Iinia. L. It. Peairs (July 6). "This insect is very abundant on a few trees
in Har'tins burg. It is not usually injurious in this State."
WOOLLY ELM APHID (Eriosoma aiericanum Riley)
Indiana J. J.Davis (July 20). "The elm leaf-curl continues to be the subject
of frequent inquiries."
ississippi R. W. Harned (July 18). "The woolly elm aphid is causing noticeable
injury to elms on the Campus of the A.& 1. College."
COCKSCOMB EW-GALL (Colopha ulmiola Fitch)
'.ev York C.R. Crosby and assistants. "This insect is reported as attacking
elms in Cayuga, Erie, and Chemung Counties." West
Virginia L. U. Peairs (July 6). "Several cases of injury to elm trees by this
insect have been reported. This is unusual as a pest in t-his State."
Ohio H. A. Gossard (July 21). "The cockscomb gall has been sent to us very
frequently of late."
ndiana J.J. Davis (July 20). "The cockscomb gall continues tc be the subject
of frequent inquiries."
COTTONY I'MAPLE SCALE (Puivinaria vitis L.)
Rhode Island A. E. Stene (July 18). "Large numbers of inquiries of this insect
are coming into the office of the State Board of Agriculture and the
College, indicating that the pest is attracting a good deal of
New York E. P. Felt (July 21). "Badly infested material was received early in
July from Schenectady."
New Jersey H. B. Weiss and assistants. "During the latter half of June this
pest was reported from Maplewood, Mrountain Lakes, Madison, Westfield,
and Crawford, West Va."
West L. M. Peairs (July 6). "This insect is apparently doing an unusual
Virginia amount of damage in several places in this State."
Indiana J. J. Davis (July 6). "The oottony maple scale has not yet been
checked by its natural enemies. Unless the parasites show up more
actively during the latter part of the season this scale will be very
abundant next year. Some spraying experiments with lubricating oil
emulsion have given from 90 to 100 per cent control."
MAPLE BORER (Glyvcobius sneciosus Say)
Connecticut W. E. Britton (July 24). "TIs insect is seemingly more abundant than
usual. It has oeen reverttd from Ridgefield, Plymouth, Torrington,
Hamden, New Haven and South *oriden. Mr. H, L. Johnson reports that
the pest has practically killed a double row of large maples in the
last named town."
f North Hetfroc zma Pack.
,arolina Yrzinklin Sherman (Jul-y 21) "Caterpil]-ars c.n July 10 as
defoliant n- oak tr-es in certral 'ortlh Carclj.tia."
OAR LPC7-BT1G (Cc)r vthlv ha arcliato Say
)w Jersey H. B. Vreiss (July 6). "This insect is ver-v abunda-.1+1 or. o,-.k cat
,Tisconsin S. B. Fracker (June 24). "Thousands of acres of pine in Eurnc+t
County are heavily infested ,dth a species of 0-ionc, prob--,bly () r .ne
manto var. monta,na Bout. This speclc caused a v_-rY sin ilar o,_itbreak about 1.907."
PO P I I IR
POPLPR LEIT-STETT G.C,TL APHlr (PoTnfIjrus
Dakota R. L. 7ebster ".ReTorts of this insect on poplar ha.v.C oyn e in from Divirle, %7ard, ard Cass Counties."
7) 1 1-1.4 j 11,7
C('TTON R.FD SPID'Ep (Tetran-,rchus telarius 7...)
ebraska 1.. H. S-wenk (July 15). "D- ir4_np t-he last lC days of June and up tc
July5, srr,_zce. tr '.es v.ero sovorel-r attack -(i b-7 ree, s- .iiers in Ant;lope
Valley, CUS't- ?r, clld other coun'-,ies a3.on- -the eastern eige of the san6
hillel a lesser number of r7ti lar reports bci-ng 'rro!:q the 7cre
eastern counties .1'
TULIP SMAIT (To-, riayeila G_Ul.)
'Virginia L. 1.1. Peali rs (July 6) "Throo rep -zts of scriclz dar-i7e t -, tulip
trees have been received, frorr, th v Lcinity cf
C R FN I 0U E A 1,D 0OR N T'F TA 1
PLANT INk~ C TS
TI!rE,':'F PETI22 rc" inc~rica Ne-,rn.)
wJersey Burea-u o Fntomclovy 1.onthly Letter lic. "E.~ Thero ~~ ce;~a the J 3p-nese bcotle laiboratory earlier 4 n -ato spr s~ La e
to have been one o' the lar-est o"' i:,rorted paraeite! material
ever brought into Lthis country,. So-, et~hirv over lOCCOcocoons of a tachini6 kn,,! to -o aras itic on the Jananes e bc- iC~n Jarnun"ar sent to t-Ye 1oaovby the Dureau's representative staticnc. i.n
Japan. Thes large proportion of the cocccrs were in good condo ition
and ozergence has iust started."
CCT'TONY CULSEION SCILE (;2erya Zqrchasi 7Y3sk.)
Ouisiana T. H. Jones (June 30). "County agent at Shreveport reoyorts that
several heavy infestations of the cottony cushion sCale have been
discovered at this place. The insect is spreadingra-dy e
Zmrall colony of the vedalia beetle has boon sent f ron The C.K c'-;nT,
station, out t he.,e ha-,-, disiropearo-d and appear to have been lost
onochu ~ ecilusFab.
onnecticut H. L. Johnson (June 15). "Th43 insect is doing considerable damage
to iris at South 1Meriden."
TRIS BC7?ER (arncu nsaGoe
.aine C. S. 77eigel. "This insect is reported as -p iticul.arly inju rious to
iris during temonth of 11 uly from I~- jrJ11
eYork C. S. 77eigel. "This insect is reported as carticularlv injurious
during the month of' July fror, Ballston Lake.0
Ihio H.A. Gossard (July 21) "During July specizrens of "his insect
received from Y~eoter. Reserve University m::ere thoy -ere decroyirnr
iris plants. Thisc caterpillar bears considerable zsuperf icial re em-blance to the European corn borer."
ROSE LFAY-BEFTLE (Nodonota. nunzticouiiM Say)
oYork E. P. Felt (July 21). "lRnocars tce ha.lve been unusually abunda-nt in
Colur'bia County, also re-xr-tcd earlier in tI-Ie season from~ Putnar
RHOLODFAZR ','I' LACI, -DIUG ,h,-mflodkindri Horv.)
ew Yo rIc E. P. 'Lel" Puly 19-1.) "I"', r P r, Forsey re-rorts that t)-,is inf-ect is Q-, e i-l t 0 0 0 C -.3 a. D .
.AZALEA S C.ALE C t
,onnecticut 7. E. Britton %july "Have nrve- Observed this Insect so morer --L--.
as it is tM ye;-ir in 111e- r Exren."
CYCLfilTN -ITF (T,1 71-,mqnrurz Ravi, York C. 111. Crosby (June le). "Found severely infested nlant-s of deir.hinium
in Oneida County.'
Ohio H. A. Gossard Duly 21). ".e h,-.v3- ha,' murderous reports of d=rage by
this insect, particula-1-ly to dely,,)hir.i,,.L-, st-ra;.Tbers ies, and greenhouse
A LACE-BUG, gDrythticna ,ydoniac 'Fitch Mississippi R. 71. Allen (July 15). "'Ph-;s things i-as very abundant on hn-7thorn
at the 1,7ricultural Collec-e. The lsave: turne misty br,7,7m and
drnppcd T*h--y -ire covering an ar(,e, o-f' aT.T-,rcxi Gatoly 5(,; 0cres and
Se"ieral adult can be fou-nd or, e-.rr.,ry loaf ( Iacchar5a
A LACE-BUG, TlrZ ja or.
New York E. P. Felt (July 21). R. F, Hc;rsey reports a moderate inf estation by this pest about th middle oi July. The infostattion was
easily control!-,Id wit-h ni,.otine so" s- ray."'
INSECTS I NFE STI FG HIUS ES AND PRE"ISFS
A1,T, r: ,J. (:: _d ac
issiscippi P. 7. Harrod (Jilly 16), "T ;e lirc-r .rt Fo!5 ,,,- ir; C7C
y7 c 1 ly
ai.- -.:-t ed
a t':'% Lh3
P 1.c I'll L arly oa sreoiez; species ill, haj been
V*1_31" 2.K? ho, jcholds is Te'67.11'1 711 71 r111"*'^ -1
Connecticut V. 'Y. B-itton "'July 2 4 "'any mcre Co,_.nplaints t1-,-:,i uoual hakrc rec-i-ved reiat ve -to these insects .rom New Faven."
A. L C%,- -J. I, ,i v-_,ji,7 x hlr j.*M13 Yavr)
ffississippi R. 7% H )rned (July 16) "This pest has now been rer,,crt-d rom over
E5 tovms and cities in All Ot
Witli "lie exception of three, are o'n rail:coads,
hb- ,e been tho greatest facto.- in 'he (,is-',ribution of th-13
zidp from ge-1 ti ng into -['ood -they Lr_-'e3t bcus, drive pDultcy
their neol"s, and a--t as distributors of scale in:;ects wd r1ant-licto."
A C IT *D 'A.CE.,q:LY ('_'acrore7a. zebcptun Fag.)
Mwaachusetts H. T. Fe7trnald (July 21). "i -bouto the first of Jul-y swa--m-, of these
caddicef 1i.es were 7-rapo-i. ted frorn 11ontar,-ue City nca:r Grecn j .eld) go, swarming or. the holjS C3 on hun- out to d:rv, and a'lt-.-acted
t o light prm-lng a g r o Lit anno y.--I-ri a -Lo in -,-nat
On July 3 visited th:' .s toxn f ound ar. n
that date they were f as t d is F-r 'U.i.- .ously in o r o
,,) -_ a r-J. : ,
of these insect-s were found on the b1cn;!. surface C.t* the
rra--adanized road an,,,.%,hexn e se alt -the, c*' lni
Practically coulJ be found cii the ohrubbary i,-.d fe7T: on the
sides of house but they kept lroin s,,.,7, 7.,here cc. d all-ghtiry on the road and skipping o%.i its sui-face a -C :'y ji a-
fashion. This insect is usually ra,,,,-,7er ra-ce in ttis part of
GRASS MAIGGOT \Sciara Lova)
Pennsylvania S. T. FroGt (July 19). "The larrae of -this he-,re '! ecn found
in large number among the g-.:a:,s plant ; b:-%,7 ,,: '! A of =anle
trees at A-endtoville. e-y are a:-tra- .Lx mu,,'m on because
of their abundance and are more or less of a nal_ :anee
A 71EAT BEE, IZapos.t2T-mn Fab.
New York E. P. Felt (July 21) o -his bee r7ere received narly
in July f rom CatskiI 1, L.1. coun-". '.7,2re
being so numerous upon lw.,.-ns as to det;troy th sod by their burro7,ing
INSECTS ATTAC K ING M AN AND DOMESTIC ANIM ALS
CHIGGERS (Trombidiug sp.)
yland J. A. Hyslop July 25). "Chiggers are much more prevalent than they
were last y3ar in southern Monrgomery County. The surfer has been
ias F. C. Bishopp (July 27). "with the coming of hot, dry weather during
the latter part of June and July the unusual abundance of chiggers
SPINOS2 EAR TICK (Ornithodoros megnini Duges)
exas F. C. Bishopp (June 26). "The writer and D. C. Parman found the ear
tick causing considerable annoyance in Uvalde County during June.
Stockmen say it is much more abundant than usual."
SRW'- M (Chrvsomya macellaria Fab.)
xas F. C. Bishopp (July 27). "After about July 10 screw-worm cases, which
had beer. rather more numerous than normal in southwestern Texas, began
to subside materially. On this date Mr. D. C. Parman reports co.paratively few cases among cattle in the vicinity of Uvalde. This is
undoubtedly associated with the hot, dry weather."
HORNFLY (Haematobia irritans L.)
exas F. C. Bishop (July 27). "During May and the g:-eater part of June
hornflies were a pest of much importance throughout practically all
of Texas. About the middle of June they began to decrease materially
and there was noted in some sections a tremendous increase in the
number of tumblebugs, especially Canthon vigilans. In places these
were so numerous as to completely break up the dung within a few hours
after it was dropped. These beetles and the hot, dry weather are
probably responsible for the falling off in the number of flies ."
BLACK BLOWFLY (Phormia reia M eig.)
eas F. C. Bishopp (July 27). "This fly has practically disappeared in
Texas. It was extremely numerous and caused heavy loss among sheep
raisers in the western part of the State during the spring."
SIT-P SC.A1 Psr3~ ccn-munis Fur t)
aif ornia. (California 7eekly News Letter, Volire 3, No. 29). "On aczOurt of
-the presence of sh3ep scab in Lass-)n County, the noverr. fwt o--' DIlep
from this county ha:,, been pr-hibit+ed except where sh4i7mnt is
accompanied by cer-tif'icate o'f inspection. This order becare effective
ISTECKTIGHT FLEA (Zchidnonhaga 7a njac els Testw.)
NwYork C. R. Crosby (June 10). "This insect was sent in from Frewsburg,
Chautauqua County, and determined by 1.r. R. C. Shannon."
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 3 1262 09244 5195