The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00151

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN.


A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States.


Volume 1. November 1, 1921. Number 7.


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING.




IJRRARY
ST ATE PLANT BOARP












OU."STAiUI1ri, A-OV-OLOGICAL FEATURES OF OCT OP.?,1921


The Hessia-, fly situation is very encouraging ir the central
Mississippi Va3le)y Region. Very general adoption of re co.rnrind.tions
as to the plar:e .ng of wheat after the fly-free date is report d fror
Ohio, Illinois, ]indiana, and northern Missouri, and the fly is quite
universally re-orted as emerging according to schedule.

The cotr earworm is probably the most serious pest of the ronth,
its outba'eakr, covering the greater part of the region living east of the
Rocky ,our4.s. -.'-ine and :.ssachusetts report the most serious outbreaks
of this poa'c in years. In New England the corn earworm as rule occurs
only in scQAttering localities and is not considered & pest, The 1'iddle
Atlantic Ftates reort the pi-st as extremely severe on late sweet corn
and all. tiAld corn* In the Mississippi Valley very unusual depredations
are reported from Ohio, Illinois, Ir.ianL, Nebraskaand ilissouri,

The hearing before the Federal Horticulturul Board on the
Europe&n corn-borer quarantine was held on October 11. This hearing
was Vjrr well attende. and is quite fully reported ir. this number.

The chinch bug is more numerous in Ohio than it has been since
the series of outbreaks in 1904, 1905, and 1906, It is aliurecrnt in
threatening numbers in Illinois and Missouri. If weather conditions
are favorable this -:.'ir-er we may expect next year a serious infestation
from northern Ohio, Tneiana, and Illinois, south'c&rd to the Gulf and
southwestward over 11is- ouri and Kansas, to northern Texas.

Reports of an outbreak of the sorghum weborno-. indicate a very
severe outbreak of this pest in the region covered by theC southeastern
corner of Kansas, the southern third of Missouri, the nofthv'7tyrn
corner of Arkansas, and probably the northeastern part of '0C:l.n.i. In
this region kafir corn seed in many cases is reported as an entire failure,
An isolated report, which probably refers to this insect, has also been
received from the soutl-jiwestern corner of Inaiana. This pest is known
to occur eastward from the region infested this year to iaryland, and
southward to the Gulf.

An outbreak of the apple and thorn skeletonizer in the lover
Hudson River Valley developed early in the month. The irsect is
defoliating hundreds of trees in the infested territory.

-259-








-260-


The paradichlorobenzene treatment for the peach borer is
being very gen-rally practised this fall. In Georgia alone about
one-quarter of a million pounds of this chemical will be used.

The outbreak of the grape leafhopper, which was threatened
earlier in the season in the Fresno District of California, did
not materialize. However, a destructive outbreak developed later
in the season in the Sonoma district.

Early this month the dictyosperrum scale was found for the
first time in a nursery in southern California. It has previously
been reported from this state as infesting avocado in a greenhouse
at Berkeley in 1916.

Late in August the cotton wornf appeared in the lower Gulf
States, being reported from Alabamia August 26 and from Mississippi
August 29. By September 10, adults had. been observed in upper
New York State, and by the 14th in Ohio, by the 15th in Nebraska
and Michigan, and by the 27th in Massachusetts. In the cotton belt
this insect defoliated the cotton in some places, but did little
damage to this crop except in parts of Oklahoma. Farther north-
ward, however, quite serious damage was done to ever-bearing
strawberries and the tree fruits by the adults. The moths seemed
to have followed two lines of flight northward, one upward along
the Atlantic Coast to the Hudson River, thence southwestward along
the Great Lakes, the other flight following up the Mississippi
Valley. The data, however, are very fragmentary, and further
notes on the date of appearance of this insect are solicited.

The boll weevil has appeared 40 miles north of the commercial
cotton producing section in Arkansas, and is now north of the crest
of the Ozarks.

The Mexican bean beetle is known to occur, in addition to
the territory already reported, in the western corner of South
Carolina, in Cherokee and Clay Counties, North CArolina, in the
southeastern border of Kentucky, in 1cCreary County, and in Sonora
Texas.

The greenhouse leaf-tyer has been reported as very seriously
interfering with certain lines of florists work in parts of New
York State.








I N 3 E C T P E 3 T 3J U R V Y B U L L E r I T


Z'ov'~rber I, 1V21


__ o0. 7


C EREA L ; D F 0 A G C ? 3E C T

MP1c3iJ VY -- - tor iy
H ESSfi : FLY (P~hyt-"--;h-. 2c^r..: ttor oay)


Ohio




















Indi ana



Illinois








M1issouri .


H. '. Gossard (October 21). ''rssian fly spp-r-ntly issued t ) bout
the nor date this season and most of the brood came forth is
adCults before the 1st of Octo -st rate of e..:.;
rt the brheing stations at oand.sky nod 2ryon ;.'as about th- 32nd
of 3eDtenfber; but steady end heavy cr: nce continued -util :
second peak nearly equ.l to the first vi,- reached on the 29th of
3:rtermber at Bry=n '3nd on the 29th of Je'ter:nber at SandUy. Cn-.
siderable emerj,':ac, vwes recorded on the 12t nd d of -' -r
after -which there !as . r.pid falling off of ssion fly -ctivity.
The peak of emergence ofD parasites in the ca'-os vas or the 20th
and 21st of 3epte',Jyr, just one or tL'o diys earlier th'n the
peak of fly emergence. It is thought that prnctically n1i
counties observed the seeding d.te.- s-uff--ciently -;e 2 to e o
rny heavy infestation. The coopoe'ation of the fariers sr -
heavy parasitismn of the fly will doubtess prevent much of
brood ie.:t year. expect the ortire State to h.ve but little
-iore thnn a normal infestation next yiar, even in th? districts
that were most heavily infested this season."

J. J. Davis (October 14). "'h: Hessian fly scornms to have
issued normally and we do not cnticipate nny tro-uble from this
source since so--ing "h-a t; the J Jy-free ate ;:s universal."

.. int (October '?ro; over 95, per cent of the
wheat in the State .a.s so-n ft~r the fly-free date, this in
spite of the fact that in most courtics : larger tcre':: thn
usual Ins been seeded. _r:':: pressnz indications the fly h"d
all emerged before vh~at so':m on the fly-fre: dstes had cone up.
Volunteer wheat end a :en early sov'n fields sho': moderate in-
festation."

L. Haseman (October 18). "Durirr the month field observations
and experimental seedings of .-hr-t in the various Hessian fly
experimental fields throughout the State have been rcme. .'-
tension Entomologist .ur ill has also done cc-.siderable field
work with county agents and farm or.ianiz-tions and hns 'S 3
closely in touch with the development of the fly sit+'v7t:o. C--
possible. North of the Missouri 7iver much of' the -.-he- z dl'g
riecessarily was delayed until the determined fly free date f'or


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Vol. 1


-~ -n - -








-262-


that section of the State. On volunteer wheat eggs have been de-
posited in alarming numbers and considerable trouble will no doubt
develop where fields of volunteer wheat are permitted to stand
throughout the fall and winter Pnd then give off flies in the spring.
V/eather conditions have delayed wheat sced'.-g and have no doubt
helped materially in the northern ?rt of the State, with the fly
problem on the coming crop. South of the Missouri River condi-
tions have been different; the fall rains stopped in time for early
seeding and unfortunately too much of the wheat in the counties
south of the Missouri River went into the ground from one to three
weeks too early. !s n result of this early seeding s number of
farmers are already reporting the serious situation, asking for help
in the way of saving tt-ie crop that is now doomed. Ps an illustra-
tion one grower in Jickson County whose letter is just before me,
dated October 18, states that his 80 acres of wheat was seeded on
September 10, and that it is now heavily infested, some of the flies
already approaching the flaxseed stage. This wheat of course is
doomed if the fly is as abundant as he reported and it is of course
too late to plow; under and prepare the ground for reseeding. Through
Centr-'l :Iissouri the fly is depositing eggs later than usual, no
doubt due to the prolonged cold rainy spell which did not desist
Until about October 6. Generally speaking in the northern half of
the State the fly situation looks more promising than earlier, while
south of the river, where in spite of our protests early seeding
has occurred, the situation looks much more threatening though the
fly is apparently not so abundant sough of the river as it appears
to be on volunteer wheat north of the river."

CORal

CORIT EIRVORW0 (Chloridea obsoleta Fab.)

Maine E. -A. Patch (October 8). "In September, 1892, Maine experienced a
visitation of this insect. The next time this insect appeared in .
such numbers as to attract attention was late in September, 1915.
Then vie forgot whvt it looked like until October 1 to October 7, 1921,
when earlyj-instar specimens. jerirn to rush in and reports of serious -
infestations were received from Skowhegan, Charleston, Port Clyde,
and auburn -

Tfassa- H. T. Ferneld (October 13). "A most unusual outbreak of the corn ear-
chusetts worm occurred during the latter half of September and the first half
of October. Ve usually have from two to three cases a year from the
extreme so-utheastern part of the State only. This year four reports
were received from September 13 to September 27. Reports then start-
ed to come in in numbers and by October 13 twenty-five additional
reports had been received. Sweet corn seemed to have been most
seriously infested, in some cases the infestation being as high as
95 to 100 per cent. Field corn and ensilage corn were slightly in-
fested, and one report was received of damage to popcorn.'"






-263.


1e'- York


Delaware


South
Carolina


-E. P. Pelt (October 27). 'This insect les attracted ua ;,r-l otten-
tion throughout the ncnth. Species received from n
oec_. e _s -.eire received from Tyinn
parts of the State, in some cases accompnied b1 records of severe
damage. This appears to be one of uhe most seriouss outbres ..'hich
has occurred in the State."

C. Cr,-" -nd .ssistarts report outbrea':s from nearly eve-ry
county in the State. .'h-- infestation se..s to b- ,ttracting '-
attention, hoaie-r, I T. the central and western n part of the Stata,
tho--h reports above come in from -s ar north as Jefferson nnd
Franklin Co-nties, nd tvio re-orts from ionf Island. C-oldon Bantrn
seems to be ezpocially favored by the ear:ior. 'ainy cases of en-
silage corn and ) fe-,; cases of Flint and opcorn were also reported
in one c'se in Erie County. One acre -nd holf of ax beans .,e-e
so ba dly infested -s to r-nder the croT- unriar ,t' le."

J. F. :dams (October 1). "Observwtions so far sho-.- that several
funo-,s diiseasos -re com-nonlv socited ,ith the feeding of the
esanorm. Th, excessive moldy condition of ears this year may be
charged to the esryzomr. In mar y instances at least 10 to 15 per
cent of the wveigt Df 7rzin of infested ears is destroyed."

C. 0. Fou-rhton (Octoler 10). "?his species :',s injured 100 per
cent of the crop in some s-aall g-rdon patches of s.vee-t corn. Larvae
of 1ll sizes are to be found at this tirre at Ne):;r."

I. F. Conradi. "'Ir. J. R. Blair, county agnt of York Co'.nt:', re-
ports that ecr- in So-te
ports that erly in Setember late rrnx cotton -ias rttacled by
this insect."


Ohio H. I. Gossard (October 21). "The corn e-r;orm has done by far more
dange in Ohio to corn this season than at 7ny timo since 1904, and
probably more than h-s been done in any year since entomological
records have been i-ept within the State. 'Nev- farmers estimate the
damage to field corn to be less than 5 or 10 per cent of the money
value, ,7hile many farmers hove reported from O90 to 100 per' cent c
the ears attached. The canners in southeastern Ohio estimate the
loss on srweet corn to have amounted to 50 per cent or more. The
insect hos been found attacklngr all kinds of corn, ripe peaches,
toraatoes, and beans."

Indi na J. J. Davis (9ctobe-- 14). "Probably the most corericnous outbreanr
of the present month is the ahbu-nn-e and destrcti'enes3 of the
corn earwvormo It is very abundant in every section of the St3te
ane the infestations av'r-i7e from 5 to 30 per cent and in exceptional
cases even much higher. at t f aage is being d.
ly the corn ear rots anid apprently the ma .-ity of these rots
start with the corn ecr.,orm injury, Correspondents are particular-
ly interested regarding, possible injury to animals '.y feeding the
damaged corn. "parently the ear',orm itself is not harmful to
animals but it is possible th-t some of the rots mny be armful.
















Illinois




Nebraska



:,issouri


Illinois


South
Carolina


Ohio


't least it is not unlikely thit they tirht cause certain disorders.
'TJeather conditions have been favorable for certain disorders among
swine nd the farmer is likely to confuse these troubles and lay
the bl&ajo on the earworm. Experiments have been carried on relative
to the toxicity of these rots as lon: ago as 1892, but no conclusive
results have so far been published."

V. P. Flint (October 15). "This insect continues to injure sweet
corn. Has ;lso been re ,rted doi--7 serious damage to lima beans,
string beans, tomatoes, and peppers. It es also abundant in man,
fields of alfalfa and is causin-i considerable arnge to this crop."

'T. H. Swenk (October 17). "The third brood of the corn earworm did
considerable dar:ge to late planted fields and s-.eet corn during the
period covered by this report."

L. Haseman (October 18). "This pest continued its earlier destructive
work. Late sweet corn and field corn show practically 100 per cent
infestation with serious damage since the heavy rains permitted much
smut and mold to develop. The corn that was down from chinch bug
work also suffered from rot. The worms seemed to be so abundant
that they pushedC out onto the foliage of tobacco, covwpeas, soybeans,
apple and nursery stock, and o number of other crops, besides riddling
the seed pods of tobacco, green and ripe tomatoes, and practically
all the pod-forminge legumes. I believe I have never seen this in-
sect so -bundant as it has been during the past month."
JRY '"/OT.1 (Cirphis unipuncta Haw.)

'V. P. Flint (October 15). "Adults of this insect are less abundant
than usual for this time of the year."


CHINCH PUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)


A. F. Conrdi (October 1). "J. "V. Sanders, county agent of Tershaw
County, observed this insect to be quite generally distributed over
his County, but doing very little damage this season."

H. P. Cossord (October 21). "7e have hcd abundant inquiries regarding
chinch bugs during the month of Soptember from practically all of
western Ohio from the southern to the northern part of the State and
also several inquiries from northeastern Ohio. There are apparent-
ly more chinch bugs in Ohio at the present time than have been here
since the seasons of 1904 to 1906. If weather conditions are favoe-
able to their hibernation this -.winter and to their development next
spring, we may expect severe and widespread damage from them."


Illinois- '7. P. Flint (October 15). ".Rains during the early fall had some ef-
fect in decreasing the numbers of the bugs, but present indications
are that there are enough of these insects in hibernation to -causo
serious damage next season over n large area in central and southwest-
ern Illinois."










'issouri IT.. Hasernnn (Octobrr 18!. "-his Qst wrought hvroc on the corn crop
throughout quite a bit of the more hei-i.y infested section of the
State but the f31. rains "i have pl.:' their p.-rt, -r ntly,
in L p1n ;r, to o. elv -nate th: nest w'her- -.buw ant. ?a11 birning
campaigns have been planned nd .'.ill be cirriod out in the nore
threatenin- sections of the -t'te but the cold prolon ced fall rains
h-ive been dcci&edlyl asaist the pest r9 ze 're hopeful th-t wiith
the car':.ing out of burninri c-.:',ins this fall the situation will
clesr -xteritlly for next yes-r."

:T; 1 I7 BIT'U (Senopahorus maidis Chitt.)

South /. '. Conradi. ""'J. S,,nders of ershaw/ Coiunty reports ") er date
Carolina of Octo*'er I that this insect is quite ;/idel- distributed in his
county arnd hs done considerable dam-Ce to corn."

U=OPEiN CC0T 30R1' (r.'r.ust2 1n-.li-: Htlbn.)

On October 11 the Federal Horticultrizil "oard held .- he:rin- in
'ashincton for the purpose of considering ch-ngcs in the present
quarantine against the European corn bore-; s".so, for the discussion
of the new/ly infj'sted are' through Ohio rnd I:ichign. The m..et :"-
7;as ]nroely attended by delegates from the 7';: l.-,_-nd States,
Yc.r':, Pennsylvsnia, Ohio, Indiana, olichi^w -n, and several other StItos
that are vitally interested in th, control of this pest.

Dr. M.arlatt, chairman of the board, called on several of the
govorrn.ent experts -;ho sre studyrinc the Euro-ean corn borer, to de-
fine the origin, the present distribution, status, etc. ?lessrs.
Caffrr,'y and 'orthley, who h-ve made a study of its life history and
control measures, gave interesting tal"rs -,n.; outlined what had been
done to date.

The notice of the hearing sent out by the Federal Horticultural
Board proposed a change in the quarantine ;'>ieh avould ma:ce th-.
cuarantine regional rather than simply inclduCing the infested area,
as it is now operated. It .'as the consensus of opinion that this
would work a jr,,at hardship on mrn-y of the States and in the long
run would be very costly and injurious. In the case of '",r- T7n -land,
where the infestation is confined chiefly to nnssach'zetts and
v.here the area infested includes only about one-third of the State,
the proposed quarantine is to include all of the 17e-- Zn-land States
es far west as the Connecticut River. It seems that this would
open a considerable new area to the rava ;es of h.e corn borer ,nd
even when the insect finally reached the Connecticut River there
would be no means of che'kinr it. Connecticut, !Ne-w, ",-m:are,
and ''.nine were opposed to this plan, inasmuch as they would be
obliged, if it went into effect, to establish State nuarmntines
a.zainst the infested area. These State officials were very well
pleased with the present quarantine and its .'orn:, and were strongly
opposed to any change.


..- ..= : : . -











Dr, ET. nll, budLet official of the Dep'rtment of agriculture ,
appeared nt the hearing and outlined fully the fin'-ncial siu ..t ion
and implied that it would be very dfficult 0to obt-i additional
funds other than those called for in the budget to fight the Europen
corn borer.

During the afternoon session Dr. E, P. Pclt, State en tomologist of
Yori. discussed t-r% York 5 t+ :.s ivinr very interest-
ing accounts of the ".-' Iticns in -ctte T rpros'ntntives
of the other tte -snt .. ..r.. It as inferred that the
Pedernl Horticudti'.rl 2o0rd v;old in oil prob-biit-y leave thb-
qucrantines o .s z ***!. t t-he pros.nt tille ;'ith the erc,'tion of
quaranti-.ln- the receni!;. iniejtea axieas in Ohib and. ichigtn.

/t the conclusion of this hoerii the :-eeting '.-s turned over to
Commissioner ..rt r "7 Gl.r.. cf osahusetts nd v/as attended by
nll :?o vcre presrt t t.. :'e {ori tcult'ral Board hearing.
The follo-;in : resolution -.:-s p7r'''.sed n' ,,-s adopted u-'nizmously:

Becsolved: That tis ccner after d.ue consideration, affirms
its belief that Federni cuerantine meano d for pr)vent:"-sread
of th,- 2urone-n con c o-o bbo--r z'i,,,3 b c ..t.i.-b o-bstantiailly ss in
the past season, on t'.he basis of holding the pest as. closely as
possible to the areas actually -no;n to be infested.

It was further resolved, the resolution being adopted unanimously,
"That Conr-ress bo csi;d for the sum of '275,00O for the purpose of
carrying out the above procr-m for the current fiscal year,"

A'oved and carried that the chairman name ? committee of five, of
which he sh-ll be m -iemer "nd irr, t c':r vih the secretaryy
of igricultuze and the Deportment Bu3u--t Officer, and' oh rs, to
represent the Conference in assisting co bblr 'bOut fav'roble con-
siderntion of the nbove prOram, T-hc fo' ,0' .r'r ,Y:o.fittgc w as I
appointed: Dr. 1 rthur 7. Gillc-rt, (X1m *jr Ac s' /i i ure State
House, Boston, ss ; Prof. "7 C. OiUrr-: Di h >.n... P,.; D1- 7reorge
G. 4t. :o3d, l Nba',, .Y., Prof. L. R. T.Pft, East L:-nsing, "'ich,; Prof.
G. I. Christie, Lafayette, Ind.
SO-*rT-,-r,- AiTT 751'rIR 0G.,T


SORG-HTI V:M70"RR?.I (CejM:I:l j?^^;n^l9. Riley)

Indiana J. J. Davis. (October 1.4). "'-e h-ve n. '.-ad smell undetermined
lepidopter-us icaterpullar -hih :-! U- r dtuctive to sorghum
and millet, eating it-o nd d.t-c u.r th-K s e. This was reported
from the e::treme so-:tlr-r : -.- 3 th :.r-r sending inf .
.11 -,., ... r-rn i nd :,.e-h.o, sendiiig in
material advises us that h- r., li d trouble for the last three or
four years with this sa.cn iinset.."






-257-


JIrlansas ?.uDight Isley (October 10). "'h'-ere hs boecn cons idroble co jln-int
of injury to W.fir corn eads, 'oi the -7csttrn -nd ctntr'l art of
1'rkaarsa t-'v- larvae of this insect. ( 3pecimens deter:ineod by
I'r. Cpr: 'Heinl'ich, U.S.T.:.) I have seen it in fields in the
central p rt of the State rnd -t .. yetteville where :narly 100 per
cent of t eo kffir grcin is c0ostrcyed.ef

*i.ssouri L. Tfsan (October 18). duringg the month this insect has -robsbPly
created more r'::r0ite:ent than 0n. other and 'ha gotten into tho 3tate
r .rrss quite etniey. Plini y investig, -tlons ;i. 3 the
biblicr,-'Thy of the insect seem to reveal the f- ct that for the first
time in its history thit-s ;crrm i s ,ssued the role of o serious
menoce to the sor Tu".-like crops in-'issouri I presume it has ise
been injuriou-s in the l2ir-"ro:ing sections of Tinsis --nd n-1hom,
judi:ng by reports fro:-m our touth-ostern counties. It -Mas been .e-
structive in C numbLer of couL-ities pr incipally south of the :.issouri
River. It has been destroying sor hmm nd i;:fir in the fo l1imr
co-nties: -: .,ton, Jasper, Ln-rence, Cedor, Polk, Greene, "-'bster,
Di.as, Lcl.:.'') Benton, Phelps, Pent, Or,.-zford, butler ,nl Boone,
Our county s-urvy h: s not been co:;n-leted but I d3"e s2yr it has. done
some i.::e in e""- county south of the river ;where sorghum or
kcafir is gro;n to any extent. In some localities the grin of these
crops hls 'een d m-ged to the extent of 70 per cent of the crop.
In a fe individual c'ses the 7ro-.-er re-.orts 100 per cent loss.
In other cases tho d;-.: for the entire county is esti.-rtcd as low
as 20 -er cent. In those counties -;fihere it is no doubt present
but from which -e %e -, no reports, the damage is probribly regilib" 1le
or has been e ar.cly overlooked by the grwr. Bredin-- experiments
are being carried on to determine its life cycle and c ...rly habits
and a detailed report of this will be Riven lrter. Studi s in
......r.-.tion 2.wth p-r'sitism reveal th-"t both egls 'nd the larvae ere
attncked ly hymenopterous parasites. Thvo larval parasites h've
b.een reared anrd one U'"-cies of Y' p)3r2sites :-?s err-,, d fmro- e -s
in confinement, "Thiie sor.-h-in crops are not mnjor crop in
!issouri t hey are co- .;. to be ioraorrant -'i-n cro L or t:hie Ozar'
region of the State and if this ..orm continues -,s destruct ive s it
h:s been this year it is ce-tain to seriously handicap the growvins
of -h-nse crops in is-ouri."

Kansas G. '. Dean (October i)o severalal reports hv.. re'nched the deart-
ment of serious ir..-,,r:., to t-fir heris by tno scr-v-. veb,./orm n Thiv
is t-" first time *.'-e have received any report of this insclt iniur-
ing .-:fir in this state. ?2.. infestction is confined to the south-
eastern part --' the State. In some instances, fields 7; lThr:
as 15 acres are a total loss."









-.68-


CLOVTR !)"D LFALF1

R.ILL !TLIY *OR:I (LaT.--, fr-agiperda S.& A.}

Chlo H. iA. Gcsscrd (October 21'. '1-ie fall army 'c"orm has been more or
less conss rico-aS in several places and is probably general over the
State,"

Indiana J. J. Dav.s (October 14)o, '"T2he f1 a-my .u 70orm v;3s abundant in clover
and nalfalf f Cd, 10' s tr. sctons of the State, and reports
were received early in October from scatteired sections throughout
the State"

"ichi -n T. H. Pettit. '7is insect hns been much more serious than ever
:,for-e in the lover half of the Stot U in some cases hIving de-
strvcid 50 per cent of the crops attackucI. It sc- :ms to be most
serious W on alfalfa, rye, and cov.peas. T am not s3e of the species
but have some v;hich wie re rearmn- for definite determinations"

GA DE?' E9.C: (Lon:ostege similalis Guen.)

Indialaa.J. J. Dnvis (October 14). 'Thec alfalfa -eb-'or!m'. has been present in
destructive abundance in northern Indians and is attacking principally
alfalfa "

j.ichinn-R. H. Pettit. "This insect has been much more numerous than usual
in the southern part of -ichigan, heree it vwas attacking alfalfa."

n...ET=::,...rD LEPIDOPTER.

Indiana-4. J. Davis (October 1 1). "'n t.nlcnovmn caterpillar, similar to but
evidently distlin3t from the corn ear',7.,r-., is very abundant in
n.c '.'. Indiana, and wve have received specimens from as far sough
as -r eencast-le, Ind. It attacl-s clover rd alfalfa and has de-
stroyD^ -- ar.y of this season's plantings. The caterpillar is far
Mori anlrind.nt n!' destructive than either the fall army worm or the
alfalfa* wb-.7ormG. 7v have not yet obtained adults and are there-
fore not positive of the identification. Another -unn-n'ni, cater-
pillar v/as reported from one section in southern Indiana ns destruc-
tive- to alfalfa and clover. It is 2 spiny caterpillar, apparently
any r.lid, but e do not :no-.,; the species."

S(YfE'S _!ND "'P,.S.

CREEN CLOVER !(NR.M (Platb:,-po scabra Fab.)

South A. F. Conradi. J:3. j. 7. leazer reports from Saluda County that
Carolina this insect is abun.a.t in scattered localities in his county, but
is not doin- much dJma[-e. It is attacking velvet beans and soy-
beans."










Crr-"' CUiCULIC (C'Talcod3rm 7r_'_,." Boh. )

South t. F. Conrndi. "Cou'jnty ert3 o.f, d -"i. ed Tersh,:, counties re
Carolina pot this imnsect as dii.F corsider.nblc darm2*e to co.'.o-:s in their
territory'.,

ST u 11Ja -H "E"

DIPS 20T3 A!JU C-O7T.

1ontnai tr-n ( :-tmber ,25). "Tis n got, the identity of "ihich
~~~is -j~kno'i **s f dii~ G p ce:nt or more of the GI:Lt .
sian f'L1ers e .rc-... onche College far-m. AIt'-.'- the if?
tatiJon is ':,".. the d-lecro', in r._e due to the insect is smna1l.
:.ost of t~h1 ."::.,ot3 Oe t. 3',2 sT, s hro.--h which h they Lbore from
te h' *a.[:s" to thra ac-f. cai r 6 to 12], or just previous
to thC tiTme of cuttiL,- to pupate in the soil ,bout the roots of
the plants."






































LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD


.. ... -119 IT OM .. ..... .. .. .










TRUCK CROP INSECTS


POTATO AND TOMATO

COLOPAIW) POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

Kansas F. 11. 7'adley (October 21). "The Colorado potato beetle has been, from my
observations, less numerous than in former years."

7 POTATO FLEA-BEETLE (Enitrix cucumoris Harr.)

ow' York I. H. Vogel (October 1). "In fields not sprayed the crop was reduced abou
10 per cent at Mattituck, Long Island."

TOBACCO 7O0M (Phleogethont ius q uinq uemaculata Haw.)

Dula-;aro C. 0. Houghton (October 10). "Larvae of various sizes are still quite
common about NIewark. About the usual amount of damage has been done by
this species this year."

TO-'.TO rOPJ.T (Phlegothontius sexta Job.)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (October 21). "Among lapidopterous forms more abundant than
usual may be named the tomato haw.k moth which was received from four dif-
ferent localities within a five-day period in September."

CABBAGE AND TURNIP

IMPORTED CABBAGE 7OFJR (Pontia rape L.)

euw York I. Hi. Vogel (October 1). "Leaves of cauliflowers were badly damaged at
...attituck, Long Island, but apparently there was not much commercial loss
to the crop. Also some damage to young cabbage seed stock."

Delaware C. 0. Houghton (October 12). "Larvae are numerous on late planted cabbage
and adults are still on the wing."

District F. H. Chittenden, Bureau of Entomology (October 3). "The common cabbage
of Cclun- worn has continued somovihatlater than in former years and, although it
bia appeared at about the sario time, it has done loss damage than the cab-
bage looper."

South'
Carolina A. F. Conradi. "11r. W. R. Gray, county agent of Clarendon County, re-
ports under da-te of October 1 tha' this insect has done very severe dam-
age in his county."

Ohio H. A. Gossard (October 21). "The imported cabbage worm was noted in
groat abundance all fall aroundWooster."







-2 ','1 -


[onta:nn.








out i'.
arol ia


F. 7cnr.di. ";r. f .: --a 3, c, :t- a--t: o .n2 r cr. Cci, -,f
d;c l, of S.r, tur.:. Y' r i ..... ..... i uc. r u t
c O: c/ "". r't ;.:..- a...c, -.,-.'ir. i ..c s .;n' . c : .;'] f 1,
v a re:: oaf -c2 .C.'' C2 l Co"'' ... r "c .cr w. *: 3 ., i2* r.."- 3
t:C-is ',Z .ct i: also 'iL- -i.J.; in .-" c (.,. .!


-, .~L -

1.


r: TJ7 :_: ,, ".. .rA -,f r ,.,. :r.: .;. iz- r, .-: .'i )


j0c. io i.'aa


'. :i. Jc:-.-j .',ctcb .! I ) i. 'I ll; ..-l-'... : l* i_.l sI. .cc: i.-; C: i ., '- r :

cc..ri. > ^---.,s" :.:ve h--a c- uivcd fro ...., 1 ,: :i .. .'. t-.v r. -.. ..
.c .. .. r .' r: .. ii 1 1. r'.
"ruf,-rya to '-:L ..%- -,
'.' I- ru f ... r,, ... c d-1 -u


::OTI CY I CKF T


3o uth
; arol ima


A. F. Cor-rad2 "I'r S. r. t r- ,d- co'-x'i" u1.,t oCf 3 t, ."" rcU Cc,'L ..t;,, *.
darL of LT r, "'-.-o ,3 r0p :...3 ..' .. c .. v i: -i. ..
fardo-n3 i: :.1.0 c.:'-..t"."


labar.a K.L. Cocl,:e :z-.. 'Oc-.c-.- 1. ). "-,.r:T. -c c c :: GV.cd -, C.- C :c, r.'
is ".-. s :-n.} :. -- :..- : is r oJ.3 'r. T'iC :.I.-. ;-..:- c.,;.] .'.-. T -c L,- .... :--,.. c''..
i-n uct d.La-.:d fr r. 50 tc 7 r -,.r .: ... o : crc.T -.. ..':. -of ."_ ., i:-
s..cts '...rk y.v st s r:1 -u4.j '. .'.kr2.- s ull, a 'JL '.. -.. c ."

C..t.:rF S7'-: .T TI (C .....toru c ... uY1- D Pr A.


....W York


IT -:* V o ,"c l ( OCc ~ o o .r 1! -" :'. '" ...y- c e. ,- 0 1 r,. J c -* - ^ r..1* .'r i n -
C. Cc. l I-.. r.
fsc '-v:: ..." ._ v i_ f '. it-c Tcr.- TO 1....", ;L... t..u ic n T ,:
cro 4 is act. r/i'C:c Ovo: 7 s- cx.; ,-- Ct ..-',.3 Oc T l-' n .-.-..c- .G' .I
cn Oc ;co-J 1."


C.'7::/.CE IOC'PF': (.,V.c-r-. _.a br.ssjca. 7,.i1-')


New York



District
of Cclluri-
biA


I. ". Vo-c-l Oc~ ob r ) ".Ci" : c-'---.:- -u ,.. i.c r. : : c..
loaveos, bu. ca c s. n vu:" l'2 cor-:.-c. d_ '- C- .C
tuck, Lo2, Island."

".. au a! f E ,c c c C 1A. C 1". C,.
.. L. C:,.i:L- ,..dc-.:' E.^. -a.. .. ..;.:. of E.- ; c .:dc- ',C'c-.r" "~ "-, "-""./v '-^ -^ l c .^r
,\tr c .'; .;'._.,. i.'- -r r iun.' c.:. i:!L .Y c f CT " '_- i... .:.r "l .;.- ,,...,.
Vir-inJ o2` 1. C c o- l .- .J cc .- - . ..'.-.- -. ... _


i c j IinK: --- --


A. T,. 4ra-;,i (' r, ,.L : 2. } "n ix.. c 4 ,' C.tUL ; C;"0. 'L. '
I.m,. c Lq i I ,c[ .3 :'. "'
tb.'! ..v-n I m" L r: ,
Cl,,a t.:c..-' sCt .A J-i- i?. rr"c r:.c :*-' ;.r'-c Lic,_ds ."

0E. Zc:r- 0c . ') cabb-, C 1: :... .. .;.. .. L
yJ-i', n'US.IU.^S t'. 1.s i- -: i n t c 2 I .1rr tI1- LCt ."

C,.DLL/.'TE "T'"'.'"' ('.r !'_I .m.-, i ; LC








-27---


presuncu was detectedd"
:I. A. ossard (October 21) "The cabbage loop.r "as noted in groat
abuivndanc all fall around 'oster."


STRI -00T : -rho
0fi-i r 1

SITP .,: P.OOT-BO_-_P. 2 C-rarphors ncbulo s^ Leo.)


Yebraska 1, "7 'nk (c .r 17).
larvas of this insct."


"Sonne strawberry beds were injured by the


"" ,'..-i.z G PJJB? ( "-J sn -- 3 'p

"ITbraska .., Sxnk. (0ctocbcr 17) "injury by 2'.hito grubs to strawberries con-
tinu up to te later part cf Sopt czb er."


OT P i ornithoalli Guen.APAGUS
C OT2C OH0bTTCPu;! (Prwodniaornithogalli Gue n.)


: ~arvlarid


?. .- Chittend n, Bureau of _t.o.oloy (October 3). "The so-called cott
ct'c.:_. o apard in groet ru.zber3 on acparagun at Coil7 -O Park and else-
:.hcro in .'-a-lamd than 1-ac been noticed for a cncr period of years. It
-t~~~o nme. en otm of years. It

;a .Cro ab unan. on 0n 7, plrnts than on now gro7;'t1. It vwas not
noticed to attack any other plant in the vicinity."


TXC B (Eilachna corru-_ta 'U1.3.)


gouth
Carolina



KYntucky



North C<.r-
c!ina


~i"+x a


A. F. Conradi. "7'.; Gov(.rnment inspection in Oconec County reports that
thn insect is locally distributed in tl-his couT-ty. T,. dnage this
ye .r: ho',.'tVOi, h 3 O b v-:iry onli _t.u

C. Forenoe, BEurcau of Entomolo7y. "Inspections by Luther Erov.r have
dutcmin:d a light and local infostaiion of the Mexican boan beetle to
occur in '.'caCreary Coi:'t:", Kentuckyn."


C. H. Popenoe, Purcau of Entormolcy. "Inspectors of the Bureau of Entor
olr-y have found ligt infesations of the Mexican bean beetle in Chero-
e and C .lay oun-cis in the sternn portion of the State."

C. H. Popenoe, >ur au. of En',omolo -. "Dr. W D. Hunter transmits report
of the occurrence of h-e INexican bean beotUt at Sonora, Tex."












BEAN1 AF!, (.Aiis ri-,icic L.)

H. A. Gossard (October 21). "All sorts of aphids have been quite abund-
ant all season. During late S, tember and October we received Aphis
ru.icis from Cleveland."

ClCl..IrT.S, MELONS A:D SQUAIT'S

PICKLE 0'J*O (Diilan .4r i- tcdlis Cram.)

L. Haseman (October 18). "During the month this pest did extensive dam-
age in this State. It has been reported by farners and truck gardeners
from various sections.


COTTON APHIS (Aphis gossyoii Glov.)


F. V1. Wadley (October 21). "The melon crop here was large, due to the
absence ofthe melon aphis which is usually so injurious and there was a
tendency towards a glutted market. Th' melon business here will always
be subject to such fluctuations until the farmers are able tc control in
a satisfactory manner the aphids every year."


SQUASH LADYBIRD (Epilachna borealis Fab.)


D,;l 1v.a.re


District
of Colum-
bia


C. 0. Houghton (0ctobor II).
at e ark."


"Adults were quite common on late squash


F. H. Chittenden, Bureau of Entomology (October 3). "The squash ladybird,
related to the Mexican bean beetle, was more abundant in the parts of
Maryland and Virginia, close to the District, than in many years previous-
ly. In fact, it is more abundar-t than the writer has ever noticed it
before in this vicinity."


,issouri


Kansas










-' -7


2RU 1 T I NiS OTS
L21.7113 s L o T S

APPLE

ALP.j'LS hIII3 (A.L^.s rc~ DeUG.)


3 J. -.3wcomer (,3cate.nber 29). "This insect is more abundant than usual
in tie Ya'oima Valleyj. A .;roat deal of the fruit is snrea.-od with hone-
dew7 from this a hioad. will have to be .;,sini or reduced in grade.",,


IH A. Gs:;-r:l (OtoOr 21). "1h1o :ooly apple af'is has been reported .
fro-.: svcra l localitios lnjurin' apple, and I have noticed it during the
paf.t rnfoth in unusca! abiuidan cG cn r.pple trees --ith shaded trunks at
.`JGste r."


3. J. :,.:-'cofrer (Jepcrmboer 29). '"Present indications are that tls per-
c*.t:i"o ,of side st 'r- and calyx -orms will be lomer than usual in the
YaYlr\Ma Valley. Spr&-.',dd trees run from less than 1 to 20 per cent.
o'l.:.o unspray'd trees rz,-ge from 55 to 100 per cent infested."
HI:-1j:7";: .-:,-,.-3E'i:' (Copt odisca splencidiforeUla 0lem.)

H. A. Go's.rc (0-tober 21 1 "This insect was received from. Leipsic and
one or ".. other localities this monthh"

APT.K& AtT) T;::-0- S,--.011.II (6 ropXiJ. a pariana Clerck)

3. P. Felt. "1UlAr data of October 5 A-Ur. G. !.. Coddling reports that
this ..o b-js ".--erely affectol and even dfol.i.:ed hundreds of trees
in southern Thstchoster Conlty aJ.og thm Hadso-n River. There has been
1i',ge as far north as 0ss-n3_g. The outbreak throughout tIm southern
part of tn county appears to have been onera J. y severe, while last
yaar throw r w;a,3 little infLury, Q::.8pt to Dobbs Ferrj and Hasting. Under
date of- Ocober 22, he reports th:-t hn&oreds of trees have been entirely
d. foliated in the region about le": Rochelle and Vhito Plains. Back of
... rockc and in 2-:(-:-h,"oe entire o -chards have been stripped. 1r. P.
. Heusted reports under date of October 22, that this insect has been
noticed z:. t1h3 *cst ba-nz- of t: hudson :fr_ i-lyack to Chester, a distance
of about 45 miles."

:. D. Leonard. (October 5). "7olitge of Toun- trees themselves suffering
from the infestation about ,yack. Leaves badly skeletonized, and fresh-
ly emerged moth observed on October 10 in Putnam Crarnty."

APTfIi T.^.,,E,.. I^,iP-.'lTI ,R (Tischer.a malifoliella Clem.)

0. I. ISheap (October 15). "This insect is doing some damage to apple
foliar at .ar:hallville and in Cra Ziord County."


S'.ton


Ohio


.'.s"-, n'n t on


Ohio


T..xw York


Georgia


COC7'''' IDTH (...o. onen ila L.)




-'75--


Undetcrmined L:''f Skclet onize r.

Fssouri L. Hasemn (October 28). "Trhi2' the past uLY.Wh o-e of the smfll leaf-
feo'lin- c-aterpillars of tho s:elet .nizoJ type h.bns done considerable
diarrgm, more e: po.'.tal.. t o the fola-.;.e f yrn. ale trees both in the
r.ursery and orchard. It has attracted attention fror the southern part
of the Jtate, as *ell as tlhrou':h the central and northern part of the
Jtate. The feeiinc ca&e late in thoe season and did not. result in any
serious injury."

P .hD-IETJ2'" A2P7L CATLTJ1M,I; (ILchzu-.ra cor.',;nna -. & A.)

nt&na I1. Strw-di (Soptenber 10). "Thio rod-.h1-jed aph'.e caterpillar which occurs
in iIatlana only in tTo rcion of Flatheal. Lake had left the trees and
'.7a3 preparing to rupate. ::ore da-.age occurred this season than for
several ;jauJ3 past."

APP!A, "iA ,T {th.chet-s 22* )il1 VaC aSh)

ew .er, 3;iroau of Plant Industry (Ltaumst 30C) "T'his inect is
ampshlre very baj. this jour about Pljmyath. The damn e; seemed to be nach -iorse
on Jonathan appl.os, v-hich in soze cases are l00 per cent infested."

e-.7 York 11. D. Leonard. "9adly infested northern spies froi Long; Island ,.nd crab-
apolhs from l.onantiocc *ore sent into this office urin-l late September."

tr:thrnneura oblioua Jay

hic H. A. Gossard (Octobar 6). '";e receivc.3 this insect today from 'Waterville
with a statonent that it caused -great annoyance to the apple picker., from
fly-.n in their faces an':l that it seemed to be doin; daLmage to apple
f 01i~-s

PLACH

PI2CH BOISR (Aoaria e::itiosa Jay)

hio E. A. ,1ossard (Octoboer 21). "All fall '.7e hav, received a ;tre..n of in-
quiries reg ding the use of p-r-dichlorobenzene for th- pi *,h borer,
which indic .tea th .t this remedy is likely to be quite g-ner llj tested
over the it -te."
the
eorgia 0. I. Sn.,pp (October 15) "Pr:.ctic-lly 11 of the _-ro-.'ers in/Goori-i
Peach Belt -ire using parzidichlorobenzena this "'oek on trees over 6 ye'.rs
of -e fir the control of the pe..ch-tr-.e borer. About one quarter of -
million pounds of the chomic-l W.ill be used by Georgi-: gra.,ers this yar r.
The insect is doing much d m'-go in n0o elected -nd not properly c-red for
orih:yrds. The ir.fest.tion ..ppeo.rs to be norn.:l, but heavier on the
li.jht soils )poorly drained."

SHOT-0.Ti 332REt (Scol.vtus rurulosus Eatz.!

hio II. A. GOss.'rd ,'?ctober 21). "The fruit-troe b''rkbeotlo c..e to us five
time frc.ta -.idely sop-r-.ted points in lr-.te Septemb',r "-l bh.s come to us
twvcLoe in OJtcber. 'We h v e '-lso noted. it in consider-.bie rbundncme on
uvg- eaed paach trees u.t Wooster."




-276.


reorgia 0. I. 3nnpp (October 15). *'ya trees in nngl4cte. orchards are being
atf 03 b" 1 '. a? f .......s.... .:a J ..la "'r station. The

Lffiat-cxijrn l; prop fL.j becu t 2ia 0- : iA thj-so ai on."
3?n JI ( C' LH ]O (" ~ o h l n ~ \ H t )

Ieorgin 0. I. 3nm-p (Oct ber 15) "The cu.nculio ines't-ion is still abnormAl
in 4te ; .. -yn belt, 'ry r: '.4t hiberna- .,. Practic.-lly all
a. _,I L + h,:,_-* entore 15 to 20 bji.es arrc. ";'. the fall."

Z]:7.H '_ i 7 .71 G (_ -D ,;M i, a1a linei tella Zll. 1

3Ulifornia -&. 0. .'.lig (October 7). "This iTect is much more aibund-nt than usual
tlr-.JJ;u the entire peach d.iskict. The chief injury hrs been to
fruit of late cling pe'-chcs v:),ich in some cases are d'ma.ged from Z0 to
50 per cent."

S]H JTOS SOAL2 (Asidi)tus perniciosus COnst.)

corgi?. 0. I. Jn, pp (October 15). "Infostation appears to be heavier thnn normal
in all sections of Ge-rgi, pe.nh belt. Crawlers have been very abundant,
and some of the fruit is spotted, apples being especially herivily spotted
with the sc-le. Climatic conditions have been excellent for the develop-
ment of th*o insect du'-in- t1he pt s itrr. Mm2y adults probably sur-
vived the winter on account of careless spr.,'yng or not giving prunings
the proper atFc!:tiLn. Fr;'thiri)re, the pa-st winter -i*s mild. The in-
festation is so heavy th.t many growers will be compelled to mali two
scale applications during the dormant season. Scale spraying will start
no-ft month. ; proprietary comp'junds for scale are used in the
Georgia pench belt",,

.LZJ7.. IMAP :nTZ (Phyllocoptes cornutus Banks)

D, D. SJ'harr (optermbr 22). "Le!ves badly silvered about Hemet, River-
side, and 7Iineville. Lime-sulphur was used. w-ith considerable success in
the jemet section."

C .lifornia 3. 0. Essig (October 7). "This insect is more in evidence than during
any past ye-Tr it baing comparatively new this season, and is appearing
in -3.-.j sections of the St-.te for the first timel"

PLUil

-iD-.IL rPED APPLi] CA iPJTPIjAR (Schizura concinna 3. & A.)

California 0. E. Bremner (Septeraber 23). "This insect is doiug considerable
d')aage to young prune trees about Eealdsburg."



TWIG GIXTYIR (Oncideres cineulata 3ay)

South A. 2. Conr.Ali. "3. 1.. 3ycrs, county agent of Anderson County, reports
....ralina that this insect is widely distributed in his county."








-277-


.'lorida


GF~A; .BPlPER (i'r.:thronogura cones 3ay)


ilifornio.


Liforni a


Lifornia


0. S. Brermner (September 20). "This is the heaviest infestation ob-
served in Sonoraa -or a r.umber of years, r'-iero we estimate that 10 per
ceni if the crop was d-?n=ge,.,"

A. J. Flebut (October 3). "The injury expected because of the 1_;r--
number )f adulIts present in the spring did not materialize in the Prasno
district, although scattered infestations show considerable loss of
foli_.je, especially w-here the ':.-.ter conditions -.were not good. At present
it loos as though a large number of adults would go into hibernation
this fall."
GRAS .-FYDrUG (Pseudococcus Z. .r.t.s Ehrh.)

A. J. Flebut (October 3). "This insect is much less bund-nr.t than
usual in the Fresno district. Tvwelve reports of infested fruit coming
into packing houses in this county co.p'.ro. with 115 reports in 1920.
Trces c.ni only be found in v.iey:'-.:-ds whichc h ,'ere heavily infested last
ye'r. All cases reported .ra" 'very slight, cand the ezpcriment:.l work of
the past season re,'. '-cd a failure, bec-use checks 'vre zQ.lso free from
the pest. The lr- :eaiuction In niuibers is due in part to par,.sitism
by Pse'idph'cia sp."


AOcr .:'.I 3PiH-iN (PThou3 acheiar-n Drary)


A. J. ?lebut (October 3). "The outbreak ..hich was threatened at Merced
Count,'y has been entirely cleaned up by timely spraying f)r the first
brood. No second or third brood showed up in that area which was entire-
ly defoliated."


J. Chb-ffin (October 25). "This insect is reported as doing serious
dc- Cgo to Austr"linr. pines on the lower east coast, here it is also
tt'chn.I guava. It is also reported from all over tho State as doing
auito serious d.mn-;re to pecans.

P'CI SQITJCIZMOi (Lasneresia c-.r'rna Fitch)

0. I, :.i-p (Cctobsr 151 "This insect is c.b' .t nornially abundrant this
se.soa in the 2ort 7,,.ley section."

COTTONY CUS?:;OI:c nAXZ (Lq-rya pc !,

T. H. Jones (October Er. 0-z B. L-Thcmy, cc.o.ty agent of Crd.do
Parish, sent s is ". the .ottoy cu!h.on s-o !e on pecan with the
information that f.? e ... o x ;td sover..l other kinds
of tr'-,_s in one n:,- ** :.>;.L.,, :n .hro;vpr., ia..o trees being pr!.cticrlly
covered .;ith the S...G. So '"a-3 I. zn CrCXe this is a. new locality for
this a3ecies. It has. not been '; ;:on north of Baton Rrouze in this State
before ."


3or-;ia


ouisiuuna








-< 78-


ATALF? A G-..2, ?:L-. (rutrius eurytheme Boisd.)


California


A. J. Flebut (3opben:ber 6). "An insect, which is tentatively determine
as the above, has apper.red. in a vineyard ne.nr Terra Bella and one near
Dela:io, both young vincy-.icds on newv l1nd. Ths cP.terIillnrs are feeding
on the foliage but so far have done no serious diage."


AVOOADO -

DICTYOSPEBiaM 3SOCAi (Ohrysomphalus dictyospermi lorg.)


Jalifornia


Z. 0. hssig (October 7). "This insect first appeared. on LVocIdo in a
greenhouse at Berkeley in 1916, and first appeared in a nursery in
southern California at La Habra on October 2 of the present yer."






-27 -


SOUTHERN FIELD-CRPOP j'NSECTS

COTTON

BOLL WEEVIL (A-i"'.n .r grandis I oh.)


South
Carolina



Arkansas








Texas





chas s a-
chusetts


New York


Ohio


A. F. Conradi. "Mr. H. X. Sanders, county age:it of Chester County,
reports under date of Septeinj-.r 15 that this i %ect is doing
seri.cus damage in his county."

Dwight Isley (October 10). "Cotton boll weevil h-s appeared in
a small cotton field on the Fxperiment Station Parm at Fayetteville.
This is of particular interest in that Faye tevill e is about
40 miles north of the coLrercial cotton producing .'egion and is
separated from it by the crest of the Ozarks. Wcevils were first
collected the latter part of last month. At that time a few
nearly mi-Oure weevils were found in su.rares, so that the ii-ration
njj haae oc:azred a few weeks .earlier

M. C. TarPoLiary (September 26). "Many letters continrae to ccm-3
in from varioUs sections of the State indicating a very hLaVy
and widespread outbreak of boll weevil.,

COTTON WORIM (Alabam ariljc. Habn,)


H. To Feruacld (September 27). 'A small flight of these inse.'.ts
ap'a"ec. on this date at Acer; no reports have been recei7Ted
f;r: eolsewhere in Ma ssachasettsa"

W. T, Ma Forbes (October 10). "A heavy flight of these motho
has been reported from Sprakers in Montgomery County, the moths
being so numerous as to be.a nuisance at night in one house."

M, D3 lec,,'-Lrd (0-toltr 10). '0'Observed a moth in a building at
Ithaca tody7i,"

H. A, Gossard (October 21). "This insect was sent to us September
26 from Ashtabula with a complaint that it was damaging peaches
and that the moths were very abundant. They were quite abundant
at points farther west about the middle of September."


Indiana JT, J. Davis (October 14). "The cotton caterpillar math has been
reported from all sections of the Ptat.e, particularly in the
northern end where it has daMaged apple arnd ever-bearing s'iaw-
berries,in each case tho fruit be."g inj-jred.sl










-280-


Nebraska


Maryland



Carolina-.






Missouri








Oklahoma




Texas


M. H, Swenk (October 17). "Shortly after the middle of Septcmbp-r
t-here was a conspicuous flight of the cottaxi worm-"

F. W. Olde:;tr-g (Sote-lber 26). "Lamp-posts and buildings in
C uobr-land .';e:e covered with the cotton moths on this date."


:A- F. Ccn-e.i ".Vr. J, R. Blair, county agent of York County,
reports nnfler date of September 20, that this insect is present
on all la-e-grovn cotton, defoliating the plants, but doing no
d '.- o Mr. J. A. 3crley reports ruider date of October 1 that
in AiJ .rson, Oconee Cocnty, this insect is defoliating plants
but, Ioirg no da.ne."

L. Hasanan (October 18). "This peculiar moth has again moved north
ov7r Missouri in destzr'ctive nuiber.s, att'-...zting attention from
vr'us r .:t3 cif the State. it has been r"--orted as being especially
dCes!r' ive to e7'..'boaring str.'e:'ries, to'.-.he tomato crop, late
catndaes av.L whore the apple crop was not a complete failure it
Las also do-c some damage to apples. Here in Central lissouri it
saems ro be fllly as ao-.nlan, as in its last heavy migration about
10 years ago."'

Robert Stratton Ar*.cu7.tu:al Eyerii.re it StVation (October 15). "The
cotton "cri-im :has destroyed the leaz7es of whole fields of cotton. In
soue cases this o;cacred so early that the entire crop was nearly
destroyed."

M. C. Ta-!,rxary (Septemrber 26). "There is a heavy infestation of
the cotton leaf-worm in the vicinity of College Station, but the
infestation developed too late in the season to do any damage."


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS

BOOK LOJSE (Atropos divinatcria Mull.)

Indiana J. J, Davis (October 14). "In some sections of the State the common
book louse has been reported as very abundant in dwellings, Apparent-
ly this insect is capable of being a very serious nuisance when it
once becomes established in a dwelling, but fortunately such infes-
tations are rare, at least in Indiana."

STABLE FLY (Stosoxys calcitrans L.)


Missouri


F. C. Bishopp (September 27). "During the latter part of August and
early Septeeber a very severe outbreak of the stable fly occurred
over the greater part of the State. Great annoyance and suffering
were experienced by live stock of all kinds and farming was handicapped,






-231-


FnRrE oT AND


SHLADE TREE INSECTS


F ENEA FEVtDER S

FALL '.'EBPOR'T (Hpohantria cr.e. Drury)


Nebraska.


I Delaware


Delaware




Nev; fo rk


W'A. H. Swenk (October 17). "In western iebraska injuries by the
fall webworm continued until the middle of September and a little
later."

BA.C.'IC. PT (Thnridoft rrvx eniemd raeforfi3 Ha,.',.)

C. 0. Houghton (October 13). "Tnis insect has been about as
destructive as usual about Newark this year."

1nAPLE

GREEN-ST 'IPED M1APLE /0Eo," (Anisota rubicunda Fab.)

J. F. Adarn. "This species was abundant throughout Sussex
County during July on silver rn i'-les."

SILVER MAPLE LEAF-LITE (Phvllocoptes quadripcs Shim.)

M. D. Leonard (Septdmiber 27). "Observed a young tree with num-
erous galls on the leaves in Syracuse."

POPLAR

OYSTFR-SHF.IL SCALE (Lepidosaprhes ulmi L.)


New iork


C. R. Crosby (October 17).
about Ithaca."


"Very abundant on Carolina poplars


Montana


iMontana


New York


CICADA (Okanojari rmosa Say)

A. L. Strand (September 16). "'hi. difficulty in growing shade
trees (cottonwood) in the vicinity of Butte has bee.n increased
by the work of this insect, wiho:e~eg punctures kill the smaller
twigs and branchess"

"- ,'""Yrl',,..Y.. LF.AF-::'": F. (_7.. 'r r.r +... scut-. laric r'j If.)
;<. ~ ~ L. ,^ .3.-',."-^ 10) "C --^ :'."*-.. c o'.'r?-i-^ r-.o ': t... .r ,- r. T;l .t

+.at p -rt c '.o'i a--_,a lyi' '_.st c' .* rc.,:.ir. :,t:.l 1,'i L f-
fered severely frc-i t.iis i;- cct d'.:'-. At-;.-t -r.d 2 .

TTP

,,TT P T' vT: ::.!:AL_ (7.jr-r', .11,. J iri-:_, .oeri ( eii.) )

E. P. Felt (Oct'be' 27). '"r. 1- L. i.j s+ 'c -:'[ cr4" t;-it ...- li
sca_,'. :iT_ 0'-, 2xc :-T.rr or.alF n a "T ar.-t i Rn.cklani ,c-:r.z", '.'.;a "










B'.ILLCW'a

BUCK rOTH ( iiji -a 'iaia D rury)


New York


VT. T. L. Forces. "Farly this season larvae were reported as
stripping everything in Selkirk Bog, especially willows."

UILLO" JRG.7E PLAT-L'-Sq, (' `T1nox atheriuz smit'iiae 1onell)


New York


C. R. Crosby (September 6).
Pen Yan."


"Trees very badly infested at


HI CKORY


Indi ana


2-X3w York


TJIG-GRDLF.R. (Oncideres cingulata Say)

J. J. Davis (October 14). "The hickory twig-girdler has been
reported as a pest of persinamons from Mitchell."

L. Haseman (October 18). "This insect has shown up especially
on elmrs and hickories in most unusual numbers during the past 10
days. It was reported from all parts of the State and is present
in about the same destructive numbers as when it last appeared
as an epidemic about 10 years ago. Elm shade trees and hickory
nut trees in the open country have piles of girdled twigs under
them."

BLACK WALNUT

PCU.IDER-FPOST BEETLE (Lvctus narallelonipedus Telsh*)

E- P. Felt (October 27). "This insect has been reported as rather
seriously injurious to black walnut lumber at Buffalo."


OAK

OAK LECA!IiM (Lnqca-iiu- quercifex Fitch)


South
Carolina


A. F. Conradi (September 30). "Mr. L. B. Altman, county agent
of Greenwood County, reports that this insect is causing the
death of branches in water oak ;rees in his county."


LARCHI


LARCH CASE-BFAR_,P (..Coleophora laricella HUbn.)


Delaware


C- Houghtonr. (October 1). "Two trees on the University Campus
at Newark have been heavily infested with this species this year."


T4
















Louisia:na


-283-


CA: I.?r3.
C.J.rPHOR SCALE (^. s-'.,2.J i-fi i i J'.*.l,,x O~ki!..


T. -. Jones (Seitenbar 23). "On this date I ,"ras calld to Victory
':, .aton Pou-re, to look it scale i:nszcts, on C amunllia j ponica.
E7-a'.d .tion of the sc.7ie inlic ,ted that it -..a th, Ccaor scale.
Sn.ic,.ns irwer-e sen. t 'iTr .'larold Plorrison andi he h-As arrified
,..,.? ert-ir.nation. I ,, i.c" &hat the plmts on -;hich th; scale
,3 F5 jnd v.rc set out in the P1,.rk about a -.. ..( .d cai from
" ,*.i'a-&. This is, I beii-vo, 'he first fi !: of t:e scale
i L.*isiana outside. of Gr' Or_arZ."










G X2 K O U $ .A D 0 FR. A :. '171 T A L P L AN T S

? Tq T "'.;: '?:). JL'~ ;L.^,

FPALL ALiJ _:k1 (-Lrn-,r--i f",., :. rL 3. & A.)

Ohi Hi. A. (Cossc.rd (Cctcbhr 211. "The fall -.rzv:; woram has been more or less
co 'CU..... G jn sovo'al pl .Jces -nd i' probv bly goneril over the State.
It a *fcand. d.9 1t ro:/-v lWi;tce in a anduni.'Te att nr.'jr aid has
Sn iK.j.r1,r.- ger2air,its3 7.4. L;,hL Zf,,-.to greenhouse at Wooster."

G,.0: ";Ii.':,f.: (Thio:Ca ob, ooJta Fab.)

eI *C0.. 0. ..On. "Dr. J. F. AC reports that' this insect was d-=.g1nrs
zir4:as Dz. c;: Z'2rt.?L&.s ;t ",Jyon.lng Jol., the 1-i. of September."

SIT.?:-:JJ./J3 ,' : .:-: -.U. G (hPseudococcus jihan i Groan)


'liforniz.


. ...... 3i.; (tobr T ",s in-oct bilz fnir to be the most serious
CC >~-l, n. tli'3v ;. 'cnrir co-.t districts. It ttL':5
~orc'h;i :-o,-e ('>. .....-. .l. sh.e tmrocs, (r.d m-ny .inur.n.s, and is becoming
]Z'CrA3 :32d rj'3.XbJrZa.'if. G-ich year in tlio T.in vroncisco Bay he!Pion."


-O.'. .. ... : GA'LL J (Di9.(rthronGzyiai hyjpos-asa F.Loex)


s7 YorkC


2. P. 2elt (October 27). "This i'joct has bocac est-bli.i--.g in an
0-:i K/r;'. j."3'2ihouls: 2nd fe:; w; 'eoj a;.;? w'as roco lved from Loclqport. Both
of t9sG ar ovIaent]y roc:-G t li:f.3-.on.s '3rl indicate tx.e dissonin-,tion
of the pest ,y the shipment of Jin ,estsd pl.ats or cuttings."


L 1. Lcnmrdi (October 1). '"A bad infcst'.tion in a ar..niiuse at Auburn
h:-:; bc31n r-po:red, .hrysrnt :- .., ne.cictIjy the early ones, are
aly1r Grxar1 a.so .- z info.ted. The grower stated
thiat ho a to i' p ... c.r, ri. entirely on ccuiit of this
)Cso. 3 l-.i Y.: 'a-y h'v1 t, ".ive Up ;r_"i chrys -.nthorcuais, unless
ho 3 n flcd .a pnr' .tio. L),ea1L )f control. 7ie repoIs this insect
ecu:.lly a.s dcsi;r.etiv. on pl,&,L ::;n out of doors."


piavEO

7J1' HT'.4 J 3H 3 A3 (rlt --l -r -tr-.-gn- -11,r.,


Louisi1.na


T. I.ones. oor soc:e tnse I a.o besn he-ari-"" reports ccncoring in-
j'r-" to p-iVet he1C1 s ifn ia Or51 Y .caL.'; oap.rcmniy duae to a sce insct,
bt 'a .'.'. not sean sc ...cc.ns of 1th s cale have been ta'.an in
.-.. ,n_* and L-r; sct:i.ons oz th -r,.v..t ?r:,. :s front wh-ch they
^rer h c.n beli'n-, d,, '.ire'.u.-' due to the sc.le, and previous st.tc-
ments e-:'ardin- -., injury to .uch hedes soaQn to rce?.r to this insect."


-gSd.-


G;-;:^:/,::- I^y-ZI~l(P .^-^ ^J: fc r'a is ub-.)





ASTER


Forda olivacea BoIrrer


New York


Delaware


C. R. Crosby (September 8). "Aphids, which were tentatively determined
as the abQve by Dr. A. C. Balmr, Qerp found seriously infesting the roots
of asters at Ithaea.",


ROSE

FTO~aO APHIS (Mlacrosijnphm salr.o'l-J, Ashm.)


G. 0. J4oujhton (Octobur 5). "Thi- species is still quite common on the
tips if rosebushes t 179-e.rk. Have observed io injury to potatoes
this 3e8asOn.11

C 0 o R E C T 1 0 N


J.L. Webb. In thu last issne of this bOletin, Vol. 1, Wo. 6,
reference was made on pp.228 and 25 to the discovery of the boll
weevil on the island of San Salvador. In kingg this report the
island of San Salvador was confused with the city of San Salvador
in the state of Salvador in Cantral America. Tae -o--. zw" ntlcnekl
came fron the latter co-tuntry.


i






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA









3 126 0924 486

























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