The Insect pest survey bulletin

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00150

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN.



A monthly review of e-..ornolcgica] conditions tho,,:!h'. the United States.


Volume 1. Aug'.s, 1, 1921. Number 4.


BUREAU


OF ENTOMOLOGY


UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING.


4 '


























A




- -~ r~..


OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL 7EATUR"ZS OF .y0 'O..
The Hessian fly surveys in the principal wvliet-pro iucinc States of the
Mississippi Valley are rapidly being completed. The survey in Ohio indicates
an infestation of 17 per cent of the straws. The Bureau of Crop Estimates
reports a crop for this State of over 34,000,000 bushels, valued, July 1,
at over 441,000,000. The Missouri Hessian fly survey is about one-half com-
pleted. The reports so far received indicate an average infestation of 21
per cent of the straws. The fly is also present in such numbers as to be
a serious menace to this fall's so'vings in Indiana and ::ubraska. Parasit-
ism runs so high in Ohio as to indicate a very small fall brood emer-ing.
Illinois, Kansas, and Oregon report the fly situation as very encouraging.

The greater wheat stem maggot outbreak, reported in the last number of
the Survey Bulletin, has developed eyen more seriously tji-n anticipated; a
survey of the situation in two counties in Oregon showed nearly U,)00,000
damage and the unsurveyed territory is many times this area. Another ser-
ious outbreak of this insect is reported from Nebraska.

The pale western cutworm outbreak, reported in the last number, has ter-
minated, the larvae lhav'ng gone into aestivation. Heavy fli lits of the western
army cutworm moths are sported from Tii-.resota, Iow a, and ?.lontana.

Thle jointwvorm is a very serious pest in Green County, Mo., having destroyed
from 10 to 16 per cent of the straws, and the western wheat sa-.wfly is reported
as being numerous in northern North Dakota, the wheat having already started to
lodge on account of this infestation.

lThe chinch bug is now reported as seriously infesting corn in Indiana, Il-
linois, and Missouri. The first serious outbrea: in many years is reported
from South Dakota and Mississippi. The damage has about ceased in Nebraska
and is not serious in Kansas and Ohio.

The corn earworm is appearing in destructive numbers in Illinois, Kansas,
and'Florida, and a bad outbreak of the seed-corn beetle is reported from
southeastern Nebraska.

Grasshopper outbreaks in the upper 'lississippi Valley are reported as
being under control in :.innesota, North Takota, and northeastern 7 isconsin.
Thle poisoned bran method of control is being used throughput this region.
Outbreaks are also reported from Missouri and the north-central part 7f
New York State, while the most serious general outbreak in years is repor-
ted from Montana.

Much damage is being done by wireworms in the northern part of 'v York
and in parts of Illinois, North Dakota, Kentucky, and MIissouri.

The clover and alfalfa seed crop is threatened in several important
seed-producing regions. An unusual amount of dmrnage is being occasioned
this year in Arizona by the clover gall midge infesting Peruvian alfalfa.
The alfalfa seed crop in Montana is ar.: inTfested by thriys; last year
this insect destroyed the entire crop in some localities in this State.
Reports from Oregon indicate that the clover seedi midge has entered the
ground in large numbers and a bad outbreak is anticipated.







-144-


The woolly applt aphiis is appearing in unusually large numbers in
Massachusetts and New York.

Reports have been received of a complete defoliation of apple
orchards in New York and Minnesota, and serious damage fsrIrndarrambgethe
spring cankerworm.

The oriental peach moth has appeared in a number of cornr.-:rcial
orchards in Fairfax County, Va., and serious damage is being done to some
of this year's plantings.

The plum curculio is reported as damaging a very heavy percentage
of the fruit crop in Ohio, northern New York, and Massachusetts and is
especially abundant on apples in Indiana.

The quarantine on the Mexican bean beetle has been lifted owing
to the fact that recent survey work has indicated that this pcest is well
established over so large a region that effective quarantine is imprac-
tical.

Flea-beetles attacking potatoes are unusually numerous this month
in New York, South Dakota, and Delaware. Hopperburn caused by the potato
or apple leafhopper is quite bad in New York, South Dakota, and Illinois.

White grubs are reported as being about twice as numerous as usual
in Kansas, about 25 per cent to 75 per cent of the potato crop about
lanhattan, Kans., having been damaged.

Blister beetles seem to be unusually abundant throughout the greater
part of the United States, east of the Rocky I.ountains. Reports of serious
infestation have been received from New York, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio,
Missouri, Mississippi, South Dakota, and Nebraska.

The cabbage aphis is present in such numbers in Ne", York State as to
occasion dipping of the plants before setting, and spraying of the crop
in the fields. These insects have also been numerous in !ebraska.

The onion maggot is reported as doing very serious damage in New York,
Indiana, and Oregon.

The camphor scale, reported in the last two numbers of the Bulletin,
lhas been discovered very recently in Mississippi and every effort is being
made to stamp out this outbreak.

The forest tent caterpillar has been doing a tremendous amount of damage
to the hardwoods of northern and western :Ainnesota.

The cotton boll weevil seems to be very much more numerous than usual
and indications are that it will do more damage than ever before in Florida
and northern Mississippi. Very heavy infestations are also reported from
Arkansas and Texas.

An unexpected outbreak of tobacco hornworms destroyed from 75 to 100
per cent of the crop about Madison, Wis.







INSECT PEST JU RVEY BULLET IN



-Vol. 1 -.u,,ust 1, 1921 t:o-.4




SE R E .' L ND ? 0 R G E C R O P I S E C T S

".qEA T

HESi/1T FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

Ohio H. A. Gossard. ;'Asuzvey of 31 counties of the State showed
an average of 17 per cent of the straws infested with Hessian
fly; last year the avera-e was 44 per cent. There are nine
counties in the northwestern corner of the State which average
35 per cent, but parasitism is high in these counties, ruininr
from 50 to 60 per cent. VThen the flaxseeds, dead through
desicc3tion and natural causes, are added to these only 10 to
20 per cent of the flaxseeds are living. The average infes-
tation for the remainder of fhe State is about 9 per cent, and
parasitism in some counties ran 100 per cent according to our
counts,


Indiana



Illinois


"'isconsin




'Iebraska







Missouri


J. J. Davis (July 15). "A systematic survey has not yet been
made. T,.ere is a fairly heavy infestation of the spring brood,
and -;e anticipate a heavy fall issuance."

17. P. Flint (July 18). "Mrch less fallens traw at harvest than
is the case in average years over the entire State."

H. F. Wilson (July 11). "Previous to 1918 the Hessian fly had
not been reported in this State for a number of years now it is
knovrn to occur clear across the State in the southern tier of
counties. No serious outbreaks have been reported."

M. H. S-uenk (July 15). "Is a serious menace to the crop f
winter wheat to be planted this fall over all of the eastern
counties of the State, south of the Platte River and west of
the 97th meridian. Especially numerous in Washington and Burt
Counties. Emergence has not yet commenced in our rearing cages.
Altogether this insect is the most menacing pest of Nebraska's
grain crop at present."

L. Hsseman. "The Hessian fly survey which is being completed
has revealed the presence of heavy infestation and danger of
serious loss to the next wheat crop in various parts of the
State, T'-ic average infestation of the 29 counties for which
percentages have been worked out amounts to 21 per cent; the
greatest infestation seems to be in a belt extending across the
-i'*5-








-146-


central part of the State, ;where the average percentage of
infested tillers is 536. The infestation varies from as
low as 1 per cent in Green and Yod2WOy Counties to as high
ar 9' ,er cent in Audrian Co.unty; the survey is not yet com-
plete, mnd later figures may alter these percentages."

Kansas E. G. Xelly (July 18). "Slight infestation over the eastern
half of the Sta te, Second or suppl-.n:i.-ntary brood occurred in
late ?.ay and early June."

Orergon A. L. Lovett. "Generally below average in abundance. _-Ah:ts
active J--noi lt."

L. P. 1ockwood (June 25). "Lt Pleasant Hill, Lne County,
85 per cent of the plants and 60 per cent of the tillers are
infested. The second brood of flies emerging the last of
May increased the infestation in this field. The second
spring brood was apparently through on June 25."

G MTE;: "H-AT 2E-.l MPG GOT (icromvza americana Fitch)

rebraska M. H. 3)-n1< (July 15). "During the third week in June the
injury by the wheat stem maggot which began to be noticeable
in eastern E a.ska during the second week in June developed
with nmch greater intensity, and in several fields was respon-
sible for z loss of from 1 to 8 per cent. Rxye was also ser-
iously injured in some fields. Reports from central counties
of the State, notably Inteloje, Blaine, Dawson, and Phelps
Counties, indicate that this pest was more numerous and injur-
ious than in any prcviousa-year."

Oregon L. ?. Roc:,wood (July 3, Special Rsport No.15). '"ProfCsor
Lovett and I covered the Grande Ronde Valley and the whole north
end of Union Cu-nty, Ore. very thoroughly with County Agent
A c-ry, last week. '7e found the infestation of spring- wheat by
.eronyza .airicanq very serious. 7" estimate it at from 10 to
80 per cent of the tillers, moreover, in the late-sownvm spring
wheat where the percentage of infestation "as lightest a new
brood of flies were ovipositing and will increase the infesta-
tion materially. 7-: fi;'ure a loss of at least one-half of the
spring wheat crop of Union County, the principal spring wheat
county of Oregon. The Bureau of Crop E.timates gave an acre-
age of 34,885, a crop- of 697,700 bushels of a value of
,Il,290,000 for spring wheat in Union County last year. It is
the general opinion in the county that the acreage of spring
wheat is greaterr this year than last. T.7 ;re certain that the
outbreak extends into rTallowa County, 19,286 acres,
347,148 bu. 1920 estimate, as wve found infested fields to tie
north of Elgin to the county line at the highest point between
the two counties. I would expect to find it all over the north'
central part of Oregon, eastern "7'shington, and central I.aho
































Yew York


Ohio


Indiana


Wa shington


Iebraska


-147-

where the rainfall apnronchos 20 inches or exceeds 15 inches.
However, winter wheat is the principal crop over most of this
region. I will endeavor to get a line on the arec covered by
this outbreak when I have cleared up the routine entailed by
the beginning of the fiscal year. The outbreak -I..-ars to hrve
been due to exceptionally favorable weather conditions. There
were early rains last fall which brought out a large amount of
volunteer wheat, then the backwcard rainy spring has been fav-
orable to repeated brooks this spring. Seeding was interrupted
by weather conditions and the condition of the soil so that
there is a great variety in the stage of the wheat. Our obser-
vations indicate that the main source of ths infestation was
the volunteer wheat as there appears to be a direct relation
between the amount of infeateton 3n& the anmountodf volunteer
wheat in the fields. Orts and barley were infested to quite an
extent in places; timothy was also occasionally infested. The
infestation on winter wheat is light and only occasional typi-
cal white heads are seen."

"HEAT MIDGE (Contarinia tritici 7irby)

L. C. T ler (June 21)."-'Observed in two fields in Genesee Co-u-rt. *

H. A. Gossard. '"heat midge was quite numerous over the southern
and southwestern co-nties; it was not plentiful in the northern
countiess"

J. J. Davis (July 15)."The wheat midge has been conspicuously
present in many sections in Indiana, particularly in central
Indiana.

M. M. Reeher (July 15).'"Many adults out in large numbers and ovi-
positing on spring wheat. Have had many shboers and few warm
days."

7ErR_.H ",'H,' T STM MAGGOT t(Hlemyvia cerealis Gillette)

M. H. S.;enk (July 15). "11 Kimball and lorrill Counties there
occurred injury in s me fields caused by some insect vwrking in the
wheat straws just below the third or fourth joint from the head,
causing a discoloration of the inner wall of the straw and a
weakening of it at this point. It is believed, but not proved,
that this was due to a second brood of the western wheat stem
maggot, as the injury occurred in much the same localities as
were infested by the first brood of that pest last Ak.rii."


.E3TERTN A.TIY CUT'7O?1 (Ev::o..- aw-iliaris Grote)


Minnesota


A. G. Rules (Jt'ly 12). "Reports have been received from a
great maw parts of the State that there is an extreme abundance
of the noctuid army cutworm. T'e adult moths were sent in as
early as M:.y 27."








Iowa and
_North 3Y.:ota.


Montana


Nebraska


New York,


C. N. Ainslie (June 27), 'Gr-; i.t of cutworm moths have
been occurring everyThere in the Iorthwest. They apJrecd in
Sioui City before I left in MIy; they were numerous in ? r-a,
N. D:., anOd were a nuisance at Dicl:inson, and also at 10ott, I7.
D--a, where they were said to ha've dimmed the street lights at
one time by their numbers. The same phenomenon was noted at
Elk Point some years ago, but the next year there was no undue
increase in the number of cutworms in.gardenso"

i. A. Cooley. "Cutworm moths of various species, but with the
army cutw;orm predominating, have made their appevr:.nce in u. p: '-
cedented numbers throughout central and eastern "onttna during:
the last two weeks of June. The height of el.r-ence of this
species usually does not come until the first ieek in July.
Very little damage by this insect was reported (uringnApril onil'
May, the time when the larvne are most active, 'while in me
former years it has been the cause of a great amount cf damage,
especially to winter wheat,"

L,_ _,lT_ CiJr ,': (or_osruti. o'thogonia Morr.)

q. A. Cooley. 'This insect has about ceased its destructiveness
to granin -rops, ?nd is in the rather Ion- quiescent period
through wviich it passes previouss to pupation about the middle
of July. Tn a few counties in the nortie rn part of the State
more than 35 per cernt of the total seeded acreage in grain crops
has been dest:oycd, but onr the .-hole the d"r.-ie throughout the
State this year has been much less than in 1920."


AP.IY '70Ri (Cir-his unimncta Arfw.)


IM. H. Owenk (July 15). "1.During the third week in June there were
numerous reports of heads of .Jheat being stripped more or less
by the first brood of the true army worm. Usually the woris
merely work through the field, stripping a wide -swath, but in
some ccses as much as 50 acres were stripped. Some heads were
completely eaten off, otI-ars had the awns of the heads eaten,
and the berries more or less consumed, while in some fields om:1
the awms were eaten off. By June 20 the injury ws prtic"
over and the worms went into the ground to puiate.


SPOTTED CUT.ORM (QArotis c-ni!rur. L.)


7. T. :. Forbes (May 31). "R¢ly emerged Auoth tklen at Ithac.- '


H. A. Gossard, "Jointworn.s cver:'-e fro1 I to 4 per cent infes-
tation for most of the couIties, though H nr' County recorded
25 per cent."


Ohio


JOI:7 "'DR7,1 (Hcrmolita tritioi Pitch)







.-149-


Missouri


A. C. Burrill (July 8). "From 10 to 16 per cent of the crop
was damaged in Green County; this is the most noticeable oc-
currence in this State east of the Ozarks."


WESTERN WHEAT SAWFLY (Cephus cinctus Nort.)


North
Dakota


Stewart Locklwod (July 18). "The grass-stem sawfly is found in
large numbers this year over the northern part of the State.
Marquis wheat has already started to lodge because of these in-
sects."


EUROPEAN WIEAT SAVMlY (Cephus Pygaeus L.)


New York


C. R. Crosby aid assistants report serious infestation late in
June and early in July from Genesee County, here from 5 to 10
per cent of the straws were infested. By July 13 wheat Was
lodging badly in Monroe County. Quite a little damage by this
insect was also reported from Senaca County."


COMMON S1UT BEETLE (Phalacrus politus Melsh. )


t


NebraskaZ


Myron H. Swenk (July 15). ,Was reported in conspicuous numbers
during the latter half of June, especially in the Platte Valley
of DPwson, Lincoln, and Keith Counties, but of course no obvious
injury."


CRICKETS (Gryllus assimilis Fab.)


North Dakota


Stewart Lockwood (July 18). "%?e are expecting a large amount of
damage to shocked grain this year from crickets. I have never
seen them as thick as they are at the present time."


CORN

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)


Indiana









Illinois


H. A. Gossard. *Chinch bugs were found in considerable numbers
over most of northwestern Ohio and in restricted localities in
northeastern Ohio.-P

J. J. Davis (July 15). "Chinch bag was undoubtedly the outstand-
ing problen of the month. Heaviest infestation occurred in
Sullivan, Vigo, Clay, and Green Counties in the southwestern part
of the State; Wayne, Henry, and counties north to Allen inclusive
along the eastern side of the State. Where creosote barrier line
was used in time it was thoroughly effective. There is every
indication that the second brood of bugs will be abundant and
destructive and that infestation next year will be even -wre
severe unless checked by weather conditions."

James Muster (June 21). "Bugs are nowv migrating fran the wheat
stubble in J; ckson County; 50 per cent of the corn plants are in-
fested."







-150-


South Dakota-




Nebraska.







Kansas.



Missouri.


New York.


Ohio


W. P. Flint (July 18). "1/ianyge has been most severe in the south-
central part of the StLte; many entire fields of corn have been
destroyed. 75 per cert of the bugs are now adults. Eggs are
being deposited for the second generation. Creosote barriers
have proved very sat isfactory. Oats also severely damaged; as
high as 30 acres in one field being killed by these insects. Ia
this section more bugs have been bred in oats than in wheat."

H. C. Severin (July 18). "This is the first time chinch bugs
have appeared in injurious numbers during my 12 years experience
in Dakota, The bugs %re now migrating into the corn; many of
the bugs are mature."

1. H. Swenk (July 15). "As was anticipated in my previous reports
injury by chinch ugs developed in Thayer County during the last
7 or 8 days in June and the first veek in July, when the bugs
migrated from the wheat into the crn, but even heavier injury
developed in Jefferson, the next county to the east in the
vicinity of Erdicott, Powell, and Steele County. Chinch bug
injury is practically over at the tire of writing this report."

B. G. Kelly (July 18). "Few adults scattered throughout most
corn-fields over the eastern third of State. No damage this
season; adults migrating to sorghum and sudan grass."

L. A. Haseman (July 10). "During the month the chinch bug has
been the most prominent insect in the State; less damage was done
than .s anticipated; due to the spring v weather conditions the
spring brood was late maturing and at wheat-cutting time most of
the nymphs were yet in the early nymnph stages. The young of the
sunmmner brood are begii-niag their work on the corn and if dry
weather continues serious damage may be expected."

R. W. Harned (July 23). "Reported a number of times during June.
Lost of the se reports came from counties in the Yazoo--`ississippi
Delta in the western part of the State. A few of them came from
the northeast prairie section of the State. Corn is t1e princi-
pal crop injured. The chinch bug is not normally a serious pest
in Mississippi but the long drought this spring made conditions
favorable for their rapid increase."

CORN iR/OIL; (Chloridea obsoleta Fab.).

L. 0. Gratz (July 16). '"Abundant in scre fields about Eden."

E. P. Felt (July 23). "Corn ear,,orLl was found the last of June
in small numbers just north of Gowanda, in Cattaraugus County,
and in rmid July very serious local injury was reported from
Albany Ckounty."

L. Haseman (July 10). "This insect did some damage in the tassels
of young corn late in June and the second summer brood of larvae


lississippi









-1 51-


later began on the ears of early corn.
as usual at this season of the year"


Illinois


Kansas


It is not cs abundnt


W. P. Flint (Jaly 16), '::ore abura;t than usual over the en-
tire StV:e., Worms iusjt becoimj.zg f.-ull groC;"


E. G. Kelly (..ly 16).
sweet ccrm, ,


"This insect has been a serious pest to


Elississippi




Florida









Illinois


R. W. Harned ( July ) "Seems to be vosi scarce this z *r
in _Lj-jcpp xis sp,-.ecies v.'as abrdntl.st yrrJu '..
much ci..::,_e late in the season; its parasi tes \e0o -:.. r'e--
erous."

J. R. Tatson (July 1,5). "Some fields have been completely de-
stroyed by this insect about C'-.. :rordu"

Jeff Chaffin (July 20)o ,, Comr1arints have been coAiW- in irOm all
over southern Florida. The insect is duin- very i:y if a-y
dairage in northern and -oesterin Florida."
-l._i, :,-... (C^_._:-, . ^ w '. .M.. Haw,- )


VW. P. Flint (July 19). adultss 5->9cC ".'or. une 7. to ,o
Abundant from that date to July 9, Cbse.x"L in sa1 niiumtrbers
From July 9 to 19."


South Carolina Philip Luginbill (Jrt: .;'. 'A fvll-Pac rn larva was ta':,,n from
corn at Columbia; this f:: *.> tw-o -:oY 'Ior than tho in-
sect has appeared for t'- t 3 ..'. rc hi: ti
(July 5) Although the f-.. ......; .. h- s a ., >. t:-i3 locl-
ity no serious trouble is *'"be e Te J.- ..." -r,
Present Peneration is scattering and in tho L`_f.,st ad ".cid in-
stars. Weather conditions are uneaaorbl- nild it scer.,3 s olu'tul
whether the insect will do any great da.nIage."


Floric


L uisiana


J. R. Watson (July 17). "This insect sonmetines aprn. -.iS i" ti.,_s
State as early as April; v'as first noticed this mrih at BTO,
Polk County."

Jeff Chaffin (jily 19). "First observed at ;-lLnt ity on is
date. Quite liU .ly this insect will cause coJsi1e-aLu d... o
during the next .*0 days."

SUGi, J-CNE BOG.i-. (Diatraea saccharl is Fab.)

T. H. Jotnans (Jing L0). "Co tl?. e beun 0 in from St.
Fr.:ncisville, containing larv-ae and pu-onae ,,


F'L iana frt ';.rda S. & A. k










ST-LK BOIER (P--i-,2 emi nitela GuenT*)


J. J. Davis (July 15). "Heas been repeatedly reported from all
sections of the State, principal crop attaci-ed being corn. '

W. P. Flift (July 18). "T'ormrlly abundant throu-hout the entire
State; larvac about t'7o-thirds grown; also attackcinj oats, po-
tatoes, tomatoes and -e -oers.

:T VET BiIZ.BUG (3-"^Thc.riia Ghittnt)

A. G. ? e'g]os. `Tie have had a few complaints from two small
localities in the State; the infested cornfields were near a
drained peet slough which was filled in 1917. Evidently a
few of *the nut grass plants and others survived sufficiently
to enable this insect to :o through its life cycle.


T" 7LVE-SPOTTED CU,',1nUMB BSFTLE (Diabrotice 12-Dunctata Oliv.)


Minnesota


Colorado


Nebrqska







Missouri


Illinois


C. IT. Ainslie (June 27). "Corn rootworm is doing injury about
Rochester, 7inn., for the first time."
COLORADO C00R TOPC' u, (Diabrotica virgifera LeO.)
C. P. Gillette, '",. -ilaints of serious injury are being received
and in every case from those who have planted corn following
cor:r; plants maee a sturned growth, the leaves curl and the
stalks fall over. This insect is either on the increase or
the farmers are becoiging miero familiar with its injuries."

SEED-CO7 BE"TLE (T 9L c9-.r-.s -,1t,_sl_-??s Fab,)

SH. Swenk (July 15_. "Di rag July t:-ro has been a conspicu-
ous abundance of seed-co' boetlcs; these have been found feeding
only on the roots of t. ioi a py-.ctica(ly fully grown corn plants
but upon the leaves of a;omn'.o ana pcxp'or plants ani upon the
foliage of -,/a lnut trees. T- area of conspicuous abundance of .
these beetles extends from Linc?ster to. Hall County and-south
to Fillrore County '

C. Burrill. "About the middle of Tlay there was a hevr swarm
of this beetle at Kennett."

PRIOINUS SP.
/. P. Flint (July 18). "Caused serious da3-e to corn i, .:eve-"1
fields in northern Illihnis v-iere sod land v,-s broken for corn. '


COIT LWITTET; FLY (Pererrinus maidis Ashm.)


J. R. Watson (July 15). Teginining to appear in nornrl numbers
- all over southern Florida. First observed on this dte at
Sandford."


Indi -na


Illinois


lIinnesota


2lorida





-l s;~ -
GiiA~ ~jriOPPj.jxj (&cr iiai idae)


New York


Illinois4


Wisconsin



Minnesota






North
Dako ta






Nebraska.


Kansas




Missouri



Montana


G. E. Smith (July 9). "Becoming very abundant in most sections of
Orleans County."

W. P. Flint (July 18). "Abundant in only five or six counties in souti
western part of State; lave not caused much damage as yet."

S. B. Fracker (July 26). "Much more common in the northwestern area
than was anticipated. Held under control in the northeastern counties
with poisoned bran."

A. G. Ruggles (July 12). "Received some spocirons of a grasshopper
doing damage at Grand Rapids, and fund that it was a speciesthat has
never been reported as doing damage here, L:elanoplus brunori. The
northern counties of the State were threatened with a grasshopper out-
break early in the season; from the latest reports, however, I believe
that the pest has been held in check and undoubtedly controlled."

Stewart Lockwaood (June 27). "Grasshoppers are now doing considerable
damage in several of the north-central counties. They are being
poisoned extensively and much of the crop will be saved. Xelanoli
are most numerous. Camrnala pellucida is also quite numerous. (July
18) we have eliminated grasshopper as a damaging factor with the ex-
ception of the southeastern part of Bottineau County. A great saving
has been accomplished by the use of poisonearbran bait."

M. H. Swenk (July 15). "Severe injury to alfalfa and corn developed
during July in Richardson, Pawnee, Nemaha, Johnson, and tie southern
parts of Otoe and Lancaster Counties. In the western counties grass-
hoppers are no more numerous tlnn usual."

E. G. Kelly (July 18). "Have not become very abundant in Kansas this
season; very good control by the use of poisoned bran rash. They did
damage to alfalfa and corn in the early part of July as they were
leaving the wheat stubble."

L. Haseman (July 101. "In places grasshoppers are attracting attention.
Melanoplus differentialis seems to be the most abundant species though
IM. femurrubrum is also abundant."

A. L. Strand (July 22). "Camnula pellucida has been the most destruc-
tive hopper present in western :!ontana during the last three years.
Melanoplus atlanis: This species is the predominating one est of the
continental divide, in which region the grain crop was damaged approx-
imately 25 per cent. It was moch more abundant this year than for
several years. Melanoplus bivittatus is working in conjunction with
M. atlanis and is responsible for more than ordinary damage in the
State this season."

R. A. Cooley (July 1). Grasshoppers are more generally destructive
over the State than ever before known. Campaigns against them have
been or are being conducted in 26 counties. In 18 of t1h se counties
the campaigns have been financed by county funds. This has been
done through the operate ion of a law passed by the last legislature
which makes it possible for county coinrussioners, upon the advice
of the State entomologist and under proper organization, to issue
county warrants in payment for the necessary supplies, the money
so used to be retrieved by special tax. The species of






-154-


iYcvi York


Illinois


'orth Dak- ta





(e ntucky









Muis souri


Ye bras ka


-rizonn


prossh ppers ma t largely concerned ire Crnuula poellucida end
Ielonrilus atlanis. Sarcophagid parasites, mostly Sorc0'-ih 3
kellyi, are oprxaring in large numbers in the counties cast of
the C ntinontal divide and in one locality on the west side of
tho mount gains "

'1'I~i",R1-3 (Elatoridee)

L. E. Allen (June 18). "'Many fields of corn more than 50 per
cent destroyed. Considerable damned being done thrculh ut
C intn 'O uunty.

R. P. F It (July 23). "fp-riotes mancus nird T2l-n'.,tus c22n1nunis
attracted attention in Columbia. ard Oneida Counties because
of injury to corn."

7'. P. Flint (July 18). "Mo-re numerous than usual cver southern
Illinois. "

Stewart Loclvood (June 27). "Reports have been received from
widely scattered areas of the State that wircvworms wore damiaging
wheat, corn, minl potatoes. From the reports it would seem that
the places aro suffering from a heavier infestation than we have
had fcr years past.1"

I1. Gnrmnn (July 6). "Rep rts that wireworms of two species are
wcrkiH. on th underground parts -f young corn, sometimes being
accompnieid by the southern corn rocutworrm, and in some fields
by one of the corn vrebw:rmns. Thle injury is sometimes ascribed
by f.r,-rs to the so-calloed cr rn budworm, the fact that there
are three different insects at work on the plants having been
overlooked. The wire. rms involved are 'TIl on'tus $E.a.&-d
.' n cre'-idius lividug_2

L. Haseman (July 10) 'Uumerous complaints have been received
concerning wire:.-rms and more particularly regarding the
results of their earlier feeding at the crown of corn plants."

A LFL LFA

CLOVER L/.FHOPPER (Agallia sanguinolenta Prov.)

11. H. Swienk (July 15). "Injury was reported from DIuglas County,
but aside from this injury and that of nematodes in Diccins_ n
County, and injury by grasshoppers, the alfalfa crop of the
State has not been injured by insect pests.


ALF:LFA GALL T;IDX (Asphondylia websteri Felt)


V. L. Wildermuth (July 6). "Doing a remarkably large amount of
damage to Peruvian alfalfa of Zenor Ranch, Tempe, Ariz. One
plant was examined in the laboratory and found to have 17.3 p~r
cent of the pods infested. It is interesting to note that of
these infested pods 95 per cent continued parasites. This is
about the usual rate of parasitism of the second brood and large-
ly accounts for the fact that this insect has raver become a
serious pest.




S 5 #


APIF.'L? B'7ORMt (Lcx stpe ccnixt.lis ValBIr)


Kc nsas


Co lorado


Mississippi


MV3ntana


Oregcn


E. G. Kelly (July 18). "This insect has bogun t-) shiw up in
groat numbers in the s'-;uthurn cc antics f Jhis State."

C. P. Gillette. "This insect apponrec. in moderate numbers over
a large portion of the alfalfc gr ..'ing areas )f eastern ColJrndO;
this spring no fields h-vo been rep.rtod 2s suri.usly injured
however. "


R. '7. Harned (July 23). I"Has been rcpcrted as d ing sorius
damage to oaflf'f and clever in ':X-inaton andt-'Bolivar Counties;
these reports ";ore received during Jpril and Ma.y. Since that
time no serious comt-laints hrve been received.


F. T. Bcier (July 1). "This insect has caused the loss cf the
entire nlfAlfp seed crp in so me localities last year and n
75 per cent less to the h ney prduccurs. It n -w appers tr be
mere nbunuant thpn usual and damage is just boc.rming evident."


CDLVER

CLOVER SEED MIDGE (Dasyneura leguminicola Lint.)


L. P. Rockw.-cd (July 10). "Rains during the haying season and
rains during the last vek ecf June were favorable tio the clever
seed midge, a ll owing them to enter the gr,-und before the hay c/ns
removed fr'-m le fields in mcst cases; second ,7ncrati-n .r the
seed destroying brood is nmw '"vip .siting on ycung clover heads.
SExpect a considerable reducti:n of this insect."


YELLOW-BEAR W/ER'L-ILLTR (Diacrisic virginica Fab.)


!Tew York


J. J. Detwiler (July 15). "Lirvae n-w; in next to the last instar
at Ithaca."


VARIEGAT-D CUT!7.1 :.I (P.rir. -.":r _cr i Jt-a Haw.)


THRIPS ('Ts'h --ptLra)






-156-

FRUIT INSECTS

APPLA

GIEEN APPL. APHIS (Aphis pomi DeG.)


New York



Ohio


Ohio


Massachu-
setts


NGe' York


Nev: York


Virginia


C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Were plentiful by July 9th throughout
Orleans County, also numerous early in the month in Clinton, Columbia,
and Dutchess Counties."

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "This insect threatened much damage a few
weeks ago but syrphus flies, lady bugs and other natural enemies seem
to have the upper hand at the present time and we do not anticipate
serious damage any-hsere.

ROSY APPLE APHIS (Anuraphis roseus Baker)

C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Quite abundant in Toampkins County late
in June. Had mostly disappeared from the apples by July 9 in Orleans,
Columbia, and Dutchess Counties."

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "Has been found quite abundant in a few
orchards.",'

700LLY APPLE APHIS (Eriosoma laniLerum Hausm.)

A. I. Bourne (July 20). "Jeems to be appearing in rather larger num-
bers than is usually the case. Aside from this species, however,
orchard plant-lice do not seem to be in particular evidence."

C. R. Crosby and assistants. ".Iore abundant than usual in Orleans
and Columbia Counties. Slight infestations noted in Albany and
Dutchess Counties. Common in neglected orchards in Nassau County."

CODLING LDTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)

L. P. 3trickland (July 9). "Codling moth began ovipositing in
Niagara County on June 24. Number of eggs constantly increased until
July 1 when it had reached a higher point than at any time during the
past five years. First codling moth larva observed on July 1. Con-
siderable parasitism of codling moth eggs is taking place, but has not
reached the percentage attained in 1920. First larva to leave the
apple for pupation was observed July 6; however, but few larvae have
reached the pink stage yet. The high peakc of egg laying this season
occurred on July 4th.

C. R. Crosby and assistants report first-brood larvae hatching in many
orchards in Orleans County on June 25, where the outbreak is not as
abundant as last year. A normal outbreak in Seneca County and less
numerous than usual in Dutchess, Columbia, and Nassau Counties.

L. A. Stearns (July 7th). "First brood worms of codling moth were leav-
ing fruit in greatest numbers at the close of the month of June. First
brood moths emerged June 24th. First section brood eggs laid June 24th
and hatched June 29th. The application against the side worm will be
timed about July 20th in Northern Virginia."










H. A. Gossard. stragglerss of the first brood of codling moths kept
appearing until two weeks ago at Wooster; the first moths of the
second bro'id came a day or tvwo ago. Since very complete snples were
taken we are assured that the second brood is just no,. coming in
northern Ohio."


Indiana J. J. Davis (July 15).


Oregon


"Codling moth has been common as usual."


A. L. Lovett (July 15). "'.7orns extremely scarce in 'Jillamaette Valley.
Development retarded and generations not well defined. The hold-over
from the first generation and the early second generation apparently
just pupating."


FRUIT TBEE LEAF-ROLLER (Archips argyrospila Walk.)


Month ana





New York


New York


A. L. Strand (July 22). "Great damage by this insect occurred in the
Bitter Root Valley last year, 500 acres of orchards having been
entirely defoliated as a result of the failure to control them of
the miscible oil used. The brand used this year has proved more ef-
fective.

C. B. Crosby and assistants report this insect as doing from four to
five per cent damage in the southern half of Wayne County, and not
above the per cent in the northern half, and as common but not abundant
in Dutchess County in late June.

BUD MOTH (Tmetocera ocellana Schif.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as practically disappear-
ing by the end of June.


GREEN FRUIT W7^i2 (X(lina antennata *7al:k.)


New York


C. B. Crosby and assistants report this insect as fairly common late
in June in Wayne and Dutchess Counties; also common on unsprayed trees
in Nassau County.


R. P. Felt (June 10). "Causing considerable damage at Skaneateles
about the middle of June."

APPLE-LEA? SMELSTONIZER (Canarsia hommondi Riley)

Nebraska i. H. Swenk (July 15). "During the last week in June a local outbreak
of this insect developed in VWashington County."',

APPLE AND THOTMI 3SCLETONI'E (Hemerophila pariana Clerck)

New York E. P. Felt (June 16). ",'r. P. L. Holstead reports that this insect is
evident at Blauvelt."

APPLE DAGGER-10TH (Apatela sp.)


Nebraska


1. H. Swank. "There was same defoliation of apple by this insect during
the third week in iay."1




* t


T ARPILLA (lac-1soma americana -ab.
T214T CATERPILL.AR (IMalacosoma americana Fab.)


Massachu-
setts


Iew York



/irginia




Ohio


Hew York


H. T. Fernald (July 8). "'2r. F.A.Smith reports from FWsex County
that these insects are much more numerous than usual, being about hllf
again as numerous as last year."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as abundant in Nassau
County, occasionally being observed in Ulster County, and being quite
scarce in Columbia County.

L. A. Stearns (Tuly 7). "Jore abundant than usual. Practically every
tree ia the best cared for orchards has one or more nests."

PALL V7S7.Z.I (Hyphantria cunea Drury).

H. A. Gossard. "The fall web.7orm has been noticed rather numerously for
about two weeks in sane apple orchards near ./ooster."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as doing considerable
damage to some trees in Nlie Yor;< City on June %0, and the moths emerging
in small numbers in parts of Columbia Cjunty by July 18.


SPR1G C1Air, 2t1iL (Paleacrita vernata Peck)


Te87 York


P. D. Rupert (June 24). "Jouth-ostern part of "layne County with fifteen
or twenty orchards completely defoliated. Ziany other orchards con-
siderably brovmned."


Indiana J. J. Davis (July 15). "Cn:m3r.:orms -ere unusually common during June,
the usual host bein; apple."


Minnesota


A. G. Ruggles (July 12). "Canur.7orms, both spring and fall forms, were
again very numerous in certain parts of Alinnes3ta. Four or five years
ago we heard of this insect only around Lake :.Iinnetonra district.
Since that time it has spread toward the east aid south alcng tho prin-
cipal automobile highways so that now in this section of the Stats it
has become a very serious menace to orchards.",'


APPLE MAGGOT (BIagoletis pomonella Walsh)


Ae-7 York


C. I. Crosby and assistants report that first flies .-;ere observed in
Onondaga County on July 8 and that they '7ere quite common in Orange
County on Yellow Transparents on July 14. The first flies were b-
served in Columbia County on July 5, and were emerging in small numbers
on July 18 in this county.


FALSE APPLE RED BUG (L:nif.1ea menldax Reut.)


ifew York




Ohio


0. R. Crosby and assistants report that in '!7ayne County by June 24
some orchards had as hiJh :s fifty -er cent of the f:-uit injured. In
Dutchess COcnmty by June 27 adults oer:- present. In Orleans County all
were in the adult state by Julj 9.

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "HIas occasioned noticeable damage in orchards
about 7oester where nicotine sulphate was included in the first codling
moth spray."






-159-


APPLE LEAMPMER (Rpoasca mali LeB.)


I=77 Y3rk


C. R. Crosby and assistants report that this insect was observed June
18 as quite common in Clinton County. A few were observed in Dutchess
County and it was becoming quite plentiful by June 25 in Genesee
County; by June 9 it was abundant throughout Orleans County but more
so in the northern part of the county where foliage injury was very
noticeable.


BUFFALO TREE-HOPPER (Ceresa bubalus Fab.)


ITew York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as less abundant than
usual in Orleans County and Columbia County, and not uncommon in
Nassau County where nymphs were observed June 18.


SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comstock


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as locally more abundant
than last year in Orleans County, on the increase in Dutchess County,
and present but not common in Orange and Columbia Counties.


OYSTER-SHEL, SCALE (Lepidosanhes ulmi L.)


NewI York


C. R. Brosby and assistants report this insect as fairly common in
Orleans County and present in smaller numbers in Orange and Dutchess
Counties but not serious anywhere.


ROUNDBEADED APPLE-TMEE BflER (Sperda candida Fab.)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report that on Jimune 27 one ten-year-old
orchard was badly infested in Dutchesa County and that the insect wvas
present in normal numbers in Columbia county.


BD SPIIER (Tetranuvc ms telarius L.)


mryl an.


E. N. Cory reports that this insect is spreading in the Havre de Grace
region but is not so abundant on trees that were originally infested.
This is a most umusual outbreak for this State.


UEOBPAN B3D MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus Can. & Fanz.)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report that early in July this pest was
more abundant than usual in Orleans County and that injury to the
foliage was very noticeable. It was also common in Orange end Tompkins
Counties.


PEAR PSZLA (Psylla pyricola Foerst.)


New York


L. F. Strickland (July 91. "Many reports of bad infestations. Where
two or three applications of strong lime nicotine spray have been made
the grovers report satisfactory results. Outbreak is about over."







-160-


9V7 orik


1i rginia


Oregon


C. R. Orosby and assit,,tnts rc-ort this insect as very abundant and
injvr2ous throug?:!(:t Or.,-i Coanty, Secord-.-rood rywrh w.re just
b:g.!r i7x to rer.h the 't "A .h-,ir stage by July 9. They also report
this irsQ.- as ry o i r -':.&yed. orc.. in Ulster and Albany
Co'.-ies. By July 18 this insect was all in the second brood, adult
s'vage.

PEI LEAP BLISTER MITE (Eriop xves pyri Pgst.)

A. I. Bourne (JTuly T0). "Seems to be more abundant than usual, especi-
ally in -aaprayed crchards."

C. R. Crc-by aw..a assistants report this insect as present late in June
in 0onl^a Cov4ty, much more abundant than usual, early in July in
O?1iTh( C'-r.ty, and present in noticeable numbers in Albany, lac.disuca
and Fiulton Counties.

PEAR BOER (Ase ria plri Harris)

7. E. Tumsey (June 29). "Apple tree badly infested. Adults just recently
emeT,[ed. A few stragglers still developing. The bark peppered with
protruding pupal skins."


RUSTY LEAF MITE (Phl!locptes schlectendali Nalepa)


A. L. Lovett (July 3). "GoeneralPy more serious than usual on pears In
Lane CGou=ty and on prunes in Ma t.on Corary. The mites are clustered on
the terzmS-l growth in enozrmoui r.nbers. At Corrallis in Benton County
the infestation is less severe thmi last season."


P E A H

BLACK PEACH APHIS (Anurap7iis persioe-nier Smith)


Maryland


B. N. Gory (July 1). "A new orc':krd of about 2,000 trees at Smithsburg
is badly i-fested. About 25 per oen.t of the trees are dead or d Jlg.
An old orchard near by is entirely killed."


PEACH-TWIG BORER (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)


De I aware


Oregon


Virginia


0. 0. Hounghton. "Have not observed this species here this spring here
it has been very common at times during the last few years."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Generally prevalent in western Oregon.
Slightly above average abundance."

ORIENTAL PEACH MOTH (Las-eyresia molesta BuSck)

L. A. Stearns (July 7). "Has appeared in a nrmbsr of cosmarckal o'r-'-ards
in Pairfax County. In plantings of the cur.'ont year dneos dons ts
very serious."






S3A J033O SCALM (Asidiotus pernioiosus Czr.stock)

Georgia 0. I. Snapp (July 15). "Apparently much more rnmeruZ' ti:tin usual in the
Fort Valley region. Scale maris noticed in nLibors in sevt.ral orchards.
Crawlers more nimorous thiai for several years."

GRPEI JU.E BESTL3 (Cotinis nit i la L.)


North
Carolina


F. Sherman (July 7]
June 26. 9ep~r!.-
peaches at Rale. ghn


S"First :-'1t of t>n season notsd at Raleigh on
on peo,. C3 C-iar-lotto Jzune 29. Noted injuring
July ?."


New York


C. A. Crosby and asi ts (July 18) report this insect as injurious
in a fe-: orchards in Orleans and Columbia C unties.


PLUM CUHCULIO (C'r.,trichelus r.enuph;r Ilbst.)


New York


North
Car:lina


Seor-ria


C. R. Crosby and assistants (July 6). "Fruit badly infested at Totten-
ville."

L. P. Stricldand (July 2). "Early infestation has caused a small per-
centage of the peaches to drop during the past two weeks."

P. She:unn (July 1). "Began to find adults on peaches after several
weeks .Thence. iese are evidently the progeny of the first adults
noted early in the season."

0. I. 3 nip? (July 9). "The curculio suppression campaign conducted by
the Fedx-al Bureau of Entomology has been very suceosful. 2a m
orchards produced practically wormless crops this year whereas last
year the damage was so severe that the late crops were not harvested.
The loss from Curculio for 1920 was over $2,000,000 while this year's
crop brought the growers over $5,000,000."


0 HEERRY

CBEHRY APHIS (-.s cernsi Pab.)


Few York


eot
'i.rginia
e brascka





',v York


0. R. Crosby. "Infestations noted late in June at Sherburne, Syracuse
and New York City."

W. B. Rumsey (June 21). reportede d as very serious on cherry trees
in Marshall County."

W. H. S-'enk (July 15). "During the middle of June there was a loc.l
outbreak in Scottsbluff C)unty."

CHEM Y LIAGGOT (Bhamoletis .cingulata Loew)

0. R. Crosby and assistants report that damage by this insect first
appeared in hafne County June 27 and seemed to be confined entirely to
Lintmoroncies. By July 2 the flies were just starting to work on lase
Morellos. Damage to early cherries vas recorded at Orleans Csunty on


SROT-I:EL X~iER (Lo-2Itua ruim-.lo u.O Ratz.)












Oregon


Oregon


Nebraska


July 2 and serious dmieo was reported from Onondaga an July 16. On
July 18 reports of injury were received from Columbia County.

A. L. Lovett (June 28). "'This insect is from )3 to 60 per cent less
abundant than last year. A large number of the commercial growers are
now using poison sprays of which two have already been made."

PA AR OHND CRY SLUG (Caliroa. cerasi L.)

A. L. Lovett (July 15). "Outbreak about normal in the Villamette
Valley on cherry, pear, and plum."

M. H. Swenk (July 15). "An unusual amount of sMletonizing of cherry
leaves by the pear slug took place throughout eastern Nebraska during
late June and early July.


PLUM

PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)


Massachu-
setts

New York




Ohio


H. T. Fernald (July 8). "Mr. F. A. Smith reports from Essex County
that these insects are working more severely than usual.",

C. R. Crosby and assistants report that this insect is doing con-
siderable damage in i)utchess and T'ayne Counties. In the latter county
the injury seems to be confined to orchards near stone fences and woods.
It is also reported as fairly injurious in Orleans and Nassau Counties.

H. A. Gossard. "As the season progresses it becomes more evident that
the curoulio injury to apples and stone fruits will run very high
this season.",


Indiana J. J. Davis (July 15). "The plum curculio has been especially abundant
on apple."

UROP.EAN FRUIT LECANIUM (Lecanium corni Bouch4)


New York


G. E. Smith (July 9). "Abundant and injurious, particularly in the
western half of Orleans Cunty. 7'orst on plum and cherry but fairly
plentiful on apple and pear."


CURRANT
NT AP (yzus rU b R LA T
CUMBMT APHIS (Wyaus ribis L.)


New York


P. J. Parrott (July 9). "Currant bushes on the station's experiment
plots have been abandoned due to the attack of the currant aphis."

0. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as more ow less serious
during late June and early July in Fulton, Delaware, and Orleans
Counties.






-163-

GO 0 S 3EB RY

HOUGIiTGIJ'S GOOSE 3ciY APHuIS (Ahis houghtonensis Troop)


J. J. Dri--s (Jul- 15). "HIs ben-, very ai'--3 ....t:1, dr.- :cLtrcti^.T. All of
our ro-3orts xnd cbsorvatios ar. i-a the no-Vhoern half of tLhe tate."


FOUR-LI1ED PLM2TT-3U3 (I2Ccs f7c", 8 17 crtur Fz-.)


INew York


E. G. Brongham (July 2). "Plants observed. with considerabDle injury in
Delaware County."


c07:E31Y JA7,__Rch (a,: r a ..bU sia Fitch)


Nebraska


,. H. Swno'u (Ju^y 15). "iturl-; rhs th-.d Tk In Jnne in Scottsbluff
County the 6. LV:;f ir 1" uLtJ 7),I9 3 c b y ths Itisect. iij 1s is
the first tins th"at i]* ISs b1o- CAf :lo2r serius3 injury in the state."


C l A -T L 3 R R Y
....2 E:ub-n.
C?. i.IU: ." G1DL3R (Cr-.r.s.s h-rtullj.s I"'bn.)

le- York ",i. T. M. Forbes. "Early in June the moths of this insect were very com-
mnM in ledZ-'.:s."

GRAPE

GRAPE LAPiFhvPER ( _rthronoura comeg Say)


:'-e'-.: 'ork






No bre ka


Delaware


Nebraska


1e-: York

Delaware


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as fairly a,'rr.A-..t on
alI gx.pe3 in Grlerz-. 0,G:'-; a-,-rign the fist wvceik in July. r, I. --r
County 1the 6,:> _`a'_ finlshud hatching by June 3. 3 Infos.r.. ?r i..
c:"."i- as not a3 h1avy _s that in 13.917, still aex'.C-t + ;? "
aJliy pre'i nf .2 ol- .bia C:uaty but not in d .t.ructive .
in.e tauions also in Dutcchsss and Ulster Cxunties.

1. H. we .k (July 15). "This ir.-ct put in an app.:...c. cd-, erly
Juno anad cntMnifd its irv'-'y orn the grere ar.-' voCabi- t*'
tlat anrth ,a the nearly palt of Jul.. At this timo the difcoiored
folige of the g- )u is '><.-'.-r.J.g to hrc.."

G..'., r. .1I :(2 V (t. v cjIa T7alEh)

C. 0. :ou- (June "Thi npocies is not cor.on here and apparent-
ly iitLle injury is caj e by itj."

M. H. 3rne-k (July 15). "Ee ,3le ef the grape reotorm put in Its apr.er-
ance in eastern ""Tabkazka on July 1."

RASPBERRY

270-3POTTED OBE3IA (ObprC a hibrrculata Oliv.)

H. 17. Fitch (July 1). "S3ome injury observed in Albany County."

C. 0. H&u-ght3n (July 11). "Comparatively little injury is caused "- this
species about Newark."


i nd i na







-164-


RASPBESRY FRUIT-WORM (B.-rturs umicolor Say)


i2e.7 York


J. 3. Palmer (July 2). "raspbar'Iies Lro ol,.. at an extremely low
price in Ulster County due to the crumbly, misshapen berries and their
damp condition. The crumbly berries are due In part to the work of
this beetle."


RAS3PBERBY SAWFLY (Z ,n p dnlides rubi Harris)


Wisconsin

Oregon









2issouri


Miss is-
sippi


Zrissis-
sippi


S. B. Fracker (July 10). "Licre common than usual about Oshkosh."

A. L. Lovett (June 20). "'Iors plentiful than usual in the lower Willam-
ette Valley where from tvwo to fi7e per cent of the loganberries are
damaged. Spraying commercial p) Itings with arsenate of lead is being
generally practised for the fost tiLe."


BLA CKBERB Y

GREEN JXOUE EETLE (CQtinis nitida L.)

Leonard Haseman (July 10). "Blackberries in central Missouri have
been seriously affected by this beetle."


PECAN
P E 0 A N

PFOAN PHYLOXERA (Phylloxera devaztatrix Perg.)

R. W. Harmed (July 23). "This spring more complaints "7ere received in
regard to this insect than during any of the past 15 years. These
complaints came from about twenty different t rmns in all parts of
the State."


SI G

CITRUS .SALYBUG (Psoudococcus citri Risse)

R. W. Hamrned (July 23). "',The citrus mealybug has been especially
npaerous on figs in the southern half of the State."










-1 ;-


SO T H N 7


North
Carolina



Florida


Arkansas















Mississippi


Frani-:lir. SL *"ui. (July 8). "Scme pur-.ured .qiar,;7 4mnd a larva
were EPrit ;'r Ao:on County tod3y.. T. fs
r.%pr's CI ; .,uities that we have re3.Ljkd i.iU ya'"

C. A. B.1:; (Jrly 18). "More ab-undant tn usual in 2rsi'ord
County; i'5 per cent cf the squares are Infected.l'

Jeff Chaff in (J-y 20). "Reports inlicata that boll wce'7l is
doi'jg ore d-ir-ae this year than ever bef 'e in the cotton
gr9wTng set'.ion.
T1. J. Bat. g (July 11). "VeTry sever ir.festaton; if .-.--:her
favors a. weevil a ery poor crop is exectee. -i. i:3.t
has al;s; i..-.,r for the first time in Ciebme Co'ity.. '2.e
line of i.re3":ab:on in the State accordi.ig to Jix L. A. 11iott,
Plan; Pathc'.cgisG, ax, :.,r. H K,. ThatchLr exte'c ove-r the
entire sonthL'ju rm-rt of the Sta-e, soath cf a lir:t s-:rti
frur the .:-ce.ntral r-r of Polk C- orhasterly
direction to t)h. center of Clebr...e Coir-.i.y anA thEn-e e.astwrd
tc the eas t .Vcenrcai "uordcr of .irissipi C(;r-y. -'. C. S.
FouCen, Sit'u.a (c Bep._rTeer, plcU th ei-inf Iest-d r-a-
scuth of a lr t.....g fror -Ghc cjW"-t r corner vf
Pclk Coiunt t4 *.c '"cera "'rir of V 73 3n Co- Tty, and
thence in a soi.t.- .rly dir,,ction to th- eat-cen,"ral b-order
of Phillips Oj.^.,"

R. 7W. Harned (July 23). "B'ore abundant in the northern r"t
of the State this year than during any p'eov.s sycral
observations irndicake th-t the boll weevil paras sites arc e.,ryua,-
ly abundant in certain areas this year; one field eT'ird recently
showed that 65 per cent of the weevil larvae 'were p':asIS:'".
on the other hand, in some fields no parasites could. >e f'>sii .".


Texas M. C. Tanquary. "Infest-t.:very gcnr-,! an' very heavy-, btt
dry weather in Julj has greatly reduced the rats of irncro.. :."

COWPEA CpCTTCTLIO (C;1^d.rloc-. ln-l Boh.)

North
Carolina Franklin Sherman. "Reports of dcLige from eastern North
Carolina not serious."


F T. rL -- qR ( P i: r .( P T S


CC, :T' -

COTTO DOX.'.* _0 .VIL (C.-anon^_u., gadis Foh.)







-166-


Mississippi


Arkansas


SB3C tN COT.ACPIS (CG^7; 'bln Fab.)

R. W. Har;^d (Ju~y 23). "^.,3 been rpo; ,. q-ite fregrsntly
this sejs' as cda-ji-.- cojtcn and e-.r

[SNOC TY 7r CjIiCI7T (Of f:n -.! DoQ.)

7. J. ,.erg (July 11). "Three to five per rnt of the giants
were kiL.ie.l by the egg pcun.ctores of this i. s;ct in crc.t Co"ty"


C -o.li.na


27 axk--IAn r7:-* .n--- (Jiay 7). 11'Tajce -.- ra e.C0.nte ^^
*<> :.s'-;: as b e Eg v e ry a tin'.i t, hut a L yul ; o -;::z.,L,
th **' to date has b a '--ul; recctAC a Lay
have c: h,--koa xt.",A l


STO. A 7CO 0


Florida


New York


Wisconsin


Louisiana


*TO:^'.:CO SPnT^{IT ^ :: (Pht cr ,-' e%, omerle7 -<.] c!!. Zsl!l )
F. S. Ch'.- : ":,.. ", .). "'r ; s v t no u.:- rn ,n
sufc a2e ete a'cU iur.c ; *. }7. : ..: ; .3'. ?hlIs sCsHo.aw.)"



D. D. 51a.-. 1-.y, 16). "Gr.vw?:-z in Oz.ndaga C...y .'rcrt con-
siderable ij'y "

J. E. Dudley. "An -r-- tted.,"ak h& las ve-r Madison,
Dane, and. Rock City; 1r.r ?5 J.- :VO'( per Cet o tlh, co ha, been
damaged. The 1noh.h-r:-, -baccu h).,.r is most ab-aziatvt z-rd its
larvae are nearly ful groin The southern tobacco' horirvw-ra is
much later, many of itsa:ae are in the first and soc:.d. stages.

S. B. Fracker (July 3). "Hcavy loss in Rock CC':",t; outbre.i:s
were unexpected e.,i ,iF.t -.ge was doie before the farn.rs could
secure a svupjly cf spray "" -"as.

STJ~AR C1":

SUGAR-CANE OF.- (v-. I. a

T. Eo Hollowey. "The moths appjy-, d &-l iyn the season after
a very mild winter: the e-; p-3:' 3 -l^'. ,-,:, ..:=,: :,. .:T-. ey
has already I-een r .r' ac,.v ti>.-",. ig ( ..
insect, _hero borers are also reported as play. LiZ haV-c with
cane in Th-iuoiaux.


COTSOT RSD SPIDER (Z. -, ;









-.17-


SUGAR-CANE BEETLE (Euetheola gicepsLeC.)


Mississippi


Louisiana




Louisiana


R. W. Harned (July 23). "Has been reported quite frequently
this season as damaging corn and sugar cane, although these
insects have been received from 15 Gr 20 different localities
throughout the State; the reports in reward to their day-wae
have come largely from the central part of Mississippi.'-


RICE

RICE WATER WEEVIL (Lissorhoptrus simplex Say)


T. E. Holloway (July 23). "The rice water weevil is nuwercuis
at Crawley, La."

RICE STALK-BCPER (Chilo l adell Is Zinck.)

T. E. Holloway (July 23). "The rice stalk-borer is showing up
in heading r:ice at Crawley, with a planting of late varieties
having large stalks; the damage from this pestkis increasing."


F. H. Chittencen. The Federal quarantine on the .3xican Bean
Beetle has been l-fLtcd. at the stggtion of the Office of
Truck Crop Insect In'.cstlg-t ons cf the Dureau of Entozology
owing to the fact thai; .e.;ii scouting ha- disco.e.ed this
insect well establich.h.l ai such distant points from the
oril.rial outbreak Ji... A- -r.'c-i-. as SOeuthrn Alabama, eastern
Tennessee, and eastern Ken&ucky, so that practical quarantine
measures are impossible.
















Fv/ York


I :atne



i:e" York






South


2o7; York


Dellc-ware


Kentucky







i.-inc


--2. O :3 "


TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

POTATO ,C'D *r,.,.TOr

COLOPJdO POTATO BETLE (Lertinotarsa decenlineata Say)

'C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as very abundant
in Erie, Genesse, Orleans, Steuben, 7yor"ing, Seneca, and Clin-
ton Counties; not very abundant in the southeastern part of the
State including( Columbia, Dutchess, and C;ange Counties. In
thm western part of the State the outbreak was much more serious
on the early planted potatoes, the later pi c.tings not suffering
severely.4'

A. L. Strand (July 22). ")hereas potato beetles vwere very scarce
lrast season, the prczrnt season has seen them in exceptional num-


P?2ATO FTEA-T'Ci'l:, (Eoitrix cucumeris Harr.]

E. i. Patch (Jiuy 121. *P*: first gcreration (overvintering)
of the floa betls disappeared for the most part about the last
of Jime; v:ery -;- crc present no'.' about Presque Isle."

C. T-. C-oosby !r.d s i'ts r-eport severe injury during the
early part of thl .-cWt.. I r;i,-enesee, OrLar.s, Steuben,
Columbia, and Or-iC-c Ce'&xuties; by the middle of July the beetles
ha. r.ostly di sxap; rcd in thc n-.rth-.t.stern counties. A report
dated July 8 iniJcated that the beetles were again becoming
numerous in ITassau County on Long Island.

H. C. Severin (July lE) ""ore abundant than usnal this year
an& on the increase during July."

E. ?. Felt (July 23). "Floa-bct.tles were scarcer than usual
early in the season, though since July 1 they have rultiI. led
very rapidly and are ruining tomatoes and beans in Yadison County

C. C. Eoughton (July 9). "WThis species is still with us in
full force and caucinr. -uch derge to t-ratces a.rd potatoes."

H. Gart-an (July 6). *T *-:: fuscula and BEitrix prvula
are reported as occasioning exceptional injury to potatoes
in .-ntucky, the fields are soretinmes being very badly infest-
ed and the pits, turning bro,.-n, sonetirmes are practically
ruined.'

P0.2ATO APHIS (Macrosiohuin solanifolii Ashm.)

E. M. Patch (July 12). "Is still very rare in potato fields
bcv.t Presque Isle. The few v7 ged and rature apterous
indiviCuals represent the second generation since the rose
migration and are starting their dispers-l colonies. Nowhere
abundant. A two-hour search in one field recently located
two wingeiod ind ividuals.












Lassachusetts H. T. Fernald (July 74) "'r, E. -. Farrar reports thit 10
per cent of the crop :ias been dargtd- about Lincoln. He1cvy
a'ins 'nc v-.ayin. -rj tii nicotine sa-phate "r.',ard to be
chi-kii.,; the ca-itrcak. "

A. I. Bourne (July 20), "'Reports tilat this insect has not
-:2.do its ,ear ce to ary great o:'teart over the rcajor par'
of th.Shct One or t7.c c.mp li2.s ccc been received fcrn
thv eastcrna part of the S a4e."


New York















West
Virginia


New York













Illinois



Sc.uth
Dakota


C. R. Crosby and assistants report -.t up to July 14 only
CoCC-SiO1Xl ZpLCi> e lS hJ en obzor7'-,] iT the wctrn pa rt
of the State in Steuben Ckunty; In Co.*'7l ia County only one
field vwas no-ed as being infested u o J AUr 18. On L.,
Is'Land t:. outbreak sLartel early -n Ty; on July 2 a report
as rec7ciTd frcm iT.ssau County, sta.-i>; that the fi3Js Vere
quite g:iAcrally iaeAsted. The heavy :irs h'id vashed off a
few of t'Xse -n-j1o, but sufficient nr"e' v.e -ef- to C.-C
a serious outbreak. Injury to the vincs roac ed a- -toein
a fev: isw !td cases, v.hu.e the yo-kcaor le-c3s .o cr.T-
i3r to r:-. By July 9 in uffclt Cornt7 tLe siuati'-on .Z
becoi'-nrg quite ji-i mnay fieldsc Calflc r c -1 s
were q-rt g'ncri.L-y inrfeste a1.rd rany groveers T.ere pr '-f; ".
them.

P. W. Dayton (Jily 5) P'otatoes have been sp:ay-Ad tree tires
withq arsen-te of lead and Bordoani r.itcrr in huLer Ccurty.
Tho crop is almost r-ale adr dCamage by the aphid is abou' 1 per
ceint."

APPE IAF.'F7OPPER (E.roasca LeB.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report the a-dults as beco:.ing aLund-
ant in Erie County during the first week in July. Hoppcrt-nrn
va:s scuer in one-half acre patch at .'ring Brook in (Gen, sc
C'-Ul!',, where ycung leafhoppers were found in the potato fields
on July 1. In Steuben Ccu-.ty this insect was very severe on
all early potatoes. Contact dust treatment at the rate of 100
pounds to the acre applied by hard dusters was found to h-"1e
destroyed :--ny lcafhopers, but enough remained to do c:.'ier-
able da-ar-e. Late potatoes did not seem tc be seriously7 infest-
ed. In Vayne County this insect .,as starting to (-omr ,n potatoes
on July 11, and was heccrming serious in Ocnr.-'-n C ur.t. on July
16.

W. P. Flint (July 18) '"Normrlly abundant throughout the entire
State. First brood caused serious lcss to pcotetoes ".h.re they
were not protected by Bordeaux sprry."

H. S. Severin (July 18). 'Such more abundant than rs-.l in
Brookim-nrs County; raan., potato fields are nmc practically dead
frcr hopperburn."
















Nex' Ycrk


E. Li. Patch (July 12). "Tarnished plant-bugs are ra7pag!inj in
the vicinity of Presque Isle in potato fields; also feeding on
corn to the -xtent of threatening the pollen supply."

J. C. Harond (July 14). "Present in considerable numbers in
Steuben County; tilted tips of plants common."


SL:-: BORER (Pa-naiemra nitela Guen.)


:-as sa-
chusetts


A. I. Pourno (July 20). "The corn arnd potato stalk-borer is
reported as doing ab at Jts normal amount of injury and seems
to be as abur&.cnt as ever. COne case was reported in thich this
insect w-5s i.f.Lt...'jst'lks of rhubarb; this is our first record
of this insect infesting rhubarb."


Ncv, York


,. D- Leonard (July 4).
County."


"Founr.d infesting potatoes in Sullivan


I ebraska_


E. P. Felt (July 23). S.-_l'-borer larvae one-third tc one-half
grcv.n were recei -ed fror _2:-le BridCe there they are reported as
causing considerable injur-y.

1i. H. Svwenk (July 15 "iiThc sta.k 'borer continued moderate
injuries during the i2cnth of June; it vcs reported as doing
serious injury in potato fields in Douglas and Butler Counties."


THi=E-M_,TD ?VJ..O .-L:.:LE (Lcr= trilinc-ta Oliv.)


Eew York


C. R. Crosby and a33ista.nts report that this irrect was found
quite corrnon but not serious in Steuben mnd OranLe Counties.


7 T7 T- "( C,-r r -ri tes r .rus Say)


I',cw York


C. 2P. Crosby (June 30). "'1,ry bad attack on seed pieces at
Cnirsville, 30 to 40 worms per piece."


WL[TE GIUBS (Ph.-Jlorhav" s-p.)


Zau12sas


J. W. ZcCollcch (July 21). "About tvice as numerous as usual,
about 25 to 75 per cet of the crop being de aged about 3.rihat-
tan. These are secon,-year grubs and in i.-,y cases nearly every
tuber has been doc-.-ed."


BLISTER BLETLES (:.Teloidae)


'.ew York


Ohio


C. R. Crosby (July 7). "A few beetles of ic basis unicolor
were found attacking potatoes in Franklin County."

H. A. Gossard. "Potatoes have suffered more than in average
seasons front a combination of blister beetles, flea-beetles, plint-
bugs and l oafhoppers."


TA'RTISE P'/r-^UG (L77--s rDratensis L.)






-171-


Ini 3na






Illinois








South
Dakota



Nebraska




Li s s curi



1,or tana


J. J. Davis (JlTj 25), "1The striped blister beetle (Brcrt2
VJ _.t _-) t ,hj mc ;r..md blaster beetle (F .. ..- a). -
gray b.Z0lt7c- ct-et (.2., c!'., ) vueo rC portc. 2 .... *
during th1o X -1,.: fo:w .ccse, cs. cially on torlatoos a-l pct; C t a:',
alti..i;'h h in otiL-r garden cro i sUh as '.--s, i',st, cC t e.-r
etc., are cor:only reported as beir.; daj-ged. "

Paal .Irndt (ZLne 23) "The st,,l-l:-ry blister bo ts!e .Ls :,di
r.orc nmi'crou- than usual at.') tho ontiro foli-.. 3-x'-i7:_
c-,rn rcroved from sor fi.e! In one afternucn0 The bect]-;
seen to cor.o from c,',-r z'iCc; cat as the crop is prctically
nade the d'.a is r-ot vc.. scriou'.-"

W. P. Flint J^.]y i?) '0,1 ... sp. has, trn trorblosoroe in
a-deis. t rO2ujn.at tho &ou'.:;-in end 'f the State". '

C 1 AiJ:'.ie (J :ue 27]. y-- .. .j.. a., abundant in the dry re-
lxe *i i o'r:i ,--ixv cjc\ -i(L I i. d.. .'.eld polbAtocs
su-ffer, 't+'. :_+ 'Ti n+ or:2a.i -c;il .T~,~':,1s .; we-e stripped aln7nt ovCr
....s"...'t i ./ ar *a ,- t;;;c ,,:- 1 . for this Y.).."

L .. .::"* .*' ... I ,- ,.ys ^- < "*+ -"'^<, ? ::3 3 epor(>r ted a
.... -.".< : ... .. *;-'.;..... + '.,.;..b J u.'- ns the ]. ;t veek
:.i ,,Ji "-.~ t:.' : ... :*'. :+;:V i-i A .,7 y -,n o ra),]. localitics in
the Stare, *c.:.r.. 's, .: ro, nd Thayer Countics."

L+ Frnaa < T^; :* ""v+ +p c o T;, +wtfa; ^n. +;.ip^ .a
ha++e ba :.>::. .. 7 a .--*. ant Ald have I eriouusly inJr-d -,- ....'n
croip3 ard ala.i" -"+'

A. L. St.-ado '.cre 'a+i beei a gaeat increase in the -'.>l 1r cf
Elicaxlt P ^InF-l-^tis ?ccc:++pt+.v' g the grassho'or'r oi....... "


Re V7. Harned (:T.P. 2T "F-, 3. -1t a-nd ._ .rjj-,it.t
been re.ei.ve, .. f -0 Co':.:::W '.:o"e thcy are rcpo ..' &
casing serious da+- ,


n av~


HO C: ....-- (.- ", t .. s :-


New York




Wisconsin


Illinois


Ohio


C. R. Crosbhy and 'hc- c, c,'-
C. R. Cros.y and ..tars reitort the nortle.'.rn t-b'-c"o h,.-ro.'..rn
as being qT;ite cIor m r. OrEgme and L .as-'a C-,:ij n,; : ._ l. la rvae
were oh, ove-J on 'nC 3 \:i the a:.crr z ccn, th(t -'.-:r :. wCereC
about full grovn on 1uy .4 in the former. ii.--

J. E. Dudley (July 15). "1Liore atu-bardant ti-- usual at Ladison
and D-.nr. Ciy, --cf'iing on toitoesG,,

CC*:i: B'E+/C-,: (Ch (iridea r(.i nleta Fab.)

*', :.'d 0- D;.s (JTly 2). "Fit per cent uf t:-- tomato crop has
been dest. t:,cd 'i% t'iue T/cr-v al Eldorado in Saline Ccunty.

H. A. CGk.sard. i,_s been repcrted from Jrmestotm and J.c'--,on,
doing very serious in'-i-y to tcr.Ltoes, burr inL- into the stalks
and eas0 '
~and CJ LIBRARY

STATE PLANT BOARD






-172-


L. C. Tyler (July 6). '"Have had practically no trotilevtkth
this insect this year in Genesee County."


CABBAGE
CABGE IGGOT (Hlemvia brassicae Bouche)
CABBAGE :L GC

Oregon


New: York


Delavare


South
Dakota

Kansas




New York


Nebraska


L. P. Roclcaood& ".'Many reports of dmamge to cabbage and ktle plants
are being received from local gardens about Forest Grove."

I:IcRTD CAB3IG- V;B1V! (Pontia rae L.)

P. J. Parrott (July 9). "Abundant and destructive in Ontario
County; grcv-ers are now applying arsenic-ls to protect cabbage
plantings; some of the caterpillars are nearly mature."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as being very
abundant in Eric County during the first week in July; mostly in
the adult st24rc. Larvae were present in the fields July 14 in
Orange County.

C. 0. Houjhtcn (July 2). "This species appears to be less numerous
than usual, but it still is doing much darnge."

H. C. Severin (July 15). ',iuch more aburdant than usual in the
southern half of the State."

E. G. !Celly (July 18). "Has been unusually aburdant, but has boon
readily controlled by spraying vith arsenate of lead."

CABBAGE 2MH1S (BrevicorYne brassicae L.)

P. J. Parrott (July 9). "Present in destructive numbers in
most cabbage plantings in Orleans County; more growers than ever
are adopting measures to protect plantings."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report that this insect iTaS very
cundant during the first week of July in Erie County but
disappearing b- July 16; abundant by July 2 in .V-;yne County;
damage is so severe in Ontario County that growers are spraying
crops; in Orlo-nrs ind Genesee Counties gro%;ers are dipping
plants before setting in the field.

E. H. Swenk (July 15). '"Has been active on cabbages and radisheso)


HARLEUIIN CAll BAG BUG (Mureantia histrionica Hahn)


i s s ouri


L. Hasenan (July 10). "This insect is continuing its northward
migration; it has recently appeared in Pilce County in the north-
eastern part of the State, and also in southeastern, rest-central,
and south western parts of the States "


STRIPED FLEA-BEETLE (Phyllotreta vittata Fab.)


I:cvw York


D. D. VWard (July 16), "Causing serious injury on some late
planted fields in Cnondaga County."


ilev.' York






-i73-


STRA'7 3bRYr

STrA7 BErJ,1 it:AA-IOiL.-Jt (Ancy!J s 'c-,t -n2 Fxze (A].)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (July 15. "In Dorg;Ias County the second br0oo
was doing l1cal injury durirj the second t.'eek in July, vhcre
the 2,rst brood had been injurious during the fourth vxeok in
&^y. "


,1.'7IE CHUJB (Ph:/lLr.,h2- i'L-nijicitj Horn)


Nebraska


Y, H, -. n July 15). '..iy compzpla-nts of t] e killin, out
of strawberry bed eitLher wholly or in part by --itu fvubs
hLave come to notice front all over eastern Thabraskau durnf ; July."


TP : *... "'- ,:- --r ci 'T r T-1':T" o-v-- ;->atunS- Lt .)


Oregon


A. L. Lovett. -'ars to be widely distributed in marion Cournty-
which v;as for.,_,ly supposed to be free from this pest. =Dr'-'e
as yet is slihta"


ASPALAGUS BEETLE (f.rE- .r:. asrinar L.)


Nevw York



Delav.ire


Mississippi


Colorado


New York


C. R. Crosby and a,-si.star t3 rtc,-;or, this insect -1A beinc q:i-te
ccrz on in 0:-_ange county ard escnt in :r. rmbeirs on 10 '.;
Island on July 1.4.

C. 0. Houghton (July 4). "7oth adults ..n.1 larvae are quite com-
mon and doing consider -bIe d'-.:7ge at I'ar. Obsrved P ts
sp. and PodL.su, sr..:.osr, attacking thu-se irsects,"

BEAIT3

..I..ICA.N "FII 1EETU. (ri 1xlz l)

R. W. Harned (July 23). 'Sa not so far been found in ssi'3 .
although careful search has been made for it near the Alabzna liE "

C. P. Gillette. S.rri'.-^ in ,?.rt Cc-lir.s District on schm::;Iu
time in i..cro th-?n n .:.- ..... ?- o hbve not lcirncLd of ary
r2r-!:cd spread in fhe territory coeored in this S, .to."

PALE-3TRlp.:.D '-)I- r I 1.. 1-h

C, R. Crijsby and As:ist.-nts (July 10). RWport this insect as
badly infesting fields in Yates Cc.u ity and doing slight damage
in Livingston and V.WyC' Counties.


BA4DED FLIA-BETLE (StfLvstena taen_-.t Say)


New York


G. E. Smith (June 9). "Very abundant in the wcster:n half of
Orleans County, but doing d-n-age throughout the vwhole county.
Serious in one 4-acre field at Elolley'."






-174-

SOUTHERlN GRFEN PLANT-BUG (Nezara viridnla i-.)


Louisiana


T. H. Jones. "'Received egg clusters and nymphs from Martin
Stansbury of Perry vth a note that they caused the young lima
beans and flowers to fall from the stalks."


APPLE LELFHOPPER (Ernncnsca nmali LeB.)


New York


Massa-
chusetts



New York



'I




Ohio






Aassa-
chusetts

New York




Kansas



Nebrcaqka


C.R. Crosby and assistants (July 10.) "Kymphs and adults cor-non
in Erie County; present in small numbers in the southeastern
part of Wayne County."


PEAS

PEA APHIS (Illinoia !isi Kalt.)


H. T. Fernald (July 8). "Mir. F. A. Smith reports this insect
as very aburndant in Essex County, and Mr. L. B. Boston reports
that 25 per cent of the crop has been d:rnLaed in Barnstable
County."

C. R.Crosby and assistants report this insect as somevthat more
aburdart than usual in Columbia County and present in small
numbers in Steuben Counmty."

E. Pa Felt. "M1r. A. L. Brewer of -.'dison County reports that the
pea aphis has ruined a sowing rnJ3e about April 20, and severely
dacreTd one of ray 12. There was little injury of plantings made
previous to these dates.

H. A. Gossard. "The pea aphis was noticed to be very numerous
in a field of vetch at Canton."

CUCU:.23Er.S

STRIPED CUCIUTBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

A. I. Bourne (July 20). "Reported as unusually abundant during
the early part of the ronth."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as present in very
small numbers in Erie County; normally abundant in Columbia Count:
and Nassau County; and very destructive in Orleans Counity, v.here
25 per cent of the plants have been destroyed.

E. G. Kelly (July 16). "Very abundant over the entire State, and
has done considerable damage especially in larval stage. Adults
have transmitted wilt in many fields."

M. H. Swienk (July 15). "Began a month of very serious injury to
cucurbits of all kinds during the middle of June."




-175-


Kansas



Nebraska


New York


Illinois


Nebraska


New York



Indiana


Nebraska


CGTTOr AEUS (Anhis gossyvii Glov.)

E. G. icelly (July ]8). "ias not been so abundant. this season
as last. Very good control has been effected by the use of sc,-.y
sprays."

M, H. S.-('V' (July 15). "Beginnin about June 15a r-n;y repo-ts
of injmy to cucumbers arl melonis by the mclon aphis have been
received."

SQUASH

SQUASH-VII.E DCUZP- "c. n JI fer SI Hiuebn.)

Da D. Wnrd Juuily -6). l"Cl_:-irng ccnsidersable injury in gardens
partic"uiri'i. on late squash in Onondaga County."

W. P. Flint (Jaly 18). "Pull-grown larvae taken July 5. Cocoons
same da te."

M. H. Swtklc (J:v.y 51) nce the latter plrt of June there have
been Vreyzn repo's o.? injury to pY-rkins by this insect."

SMUA.S! BFdG (Lar!, l}:-i s4-E-TreG.)

J D P. Detw.iler (J.-y 15) s a .js; the latter mostly
in the third is taa-, ncderately abundant, adults very scarce,
recently some dam-se be-oiing noticeable about Ithaca."

J. J. Davis (July 15). 1'ThGe squash bug is quite common and
we have received !m.r- rrs reports within the past week or two."

M. H. S.enk (July 15). "Since the latter part of June there
have been frequent reports of injury to squashes by the squash
bug. i


SCUAS3H LAD3BIP2) ( -ilachna borealis Fab.)


Delaware


C. 0, Houghton Jul.7 7).


A!,ut as n-cct.- as usual about iI,.'.r'"


C,.. C/ 1.S


ON'ION THTTPS (Thf ns tf-bci Lind)


New York





Indi ana


C. R. Crosby a:' assistants report that early in the month this
insect was causing considerable d&-rge to onions in Yi7r.'ne County,
and that by July 1 they had destroyed 50 per ccnuI of the to.'s
in Albany Countyr.L, and were doing very serious eima-e Jty July 14
in Orange County.

J. J. Davis (July 15). "The onion thrips vas also very aunJant
and destructive."






-176-


Nev. York



I nd i-i na


Oregon


New York







lluv: York






New York




Pennsyl-
vonia


ONION M=GGOT (Hylemvia antiQua Meig.)

C, Re Crosby and assist,-ts rep-ort that this insect is doing ve]
serious dsug-e in on0 f: d .in 'a.;ne County; ata-u.lant and still
doing serno'Ls :rw' e in orange County.

J. J. Davis (July 15). "The onion mr-'ot as very cl'orr3.nt
and destroctlAe this yeara"

A. L Lovett, ".--e aimn'nt than usual in the lower Wr.l1Circtte
Valley, ontr,,;-; front 12 to %O per cent of the crop,"
Y ,L =L.J BJ^.B .F./PILLA.R (. c3:j v:;--."--,,< F^bo
M. D, Leonas-d ( 62" 1, 9. "o. : ..J.- Th2lrs cce doiwig consid-
erable inj,.:':- in ove f:xeld of ou...ons In Gc.;oe Coantj."

C hEr1E12Y

cYLLr,; EUTTERPLY (1i..o ppo> .:--s Fab.)

I.I C. : /-V,.i (Ju'.y 14) "Lrot uncoTxnca in Orange County; larvae
now vworkrin a'id ....rfls 2,ur.... "

fII' lfs .-T r~j C-, c T

SPIKA.CH L.EA'-I: :- (P-,,r:y' h-:'j-.T. Panz.)

C. R. Crosl;: and :.sstcnts report that this insect is fairly
abundant aid injiuri ous in Orl &c-.i:; County,

STRIPED BLISTER BEETLE (Er.i cnut. vittata Fab. )

N. E. Garber (July 19). "A. half-are feld in Bu,'"ks Couty vis
attacked, apparently fo-n s'.' zrl cEter3 of i.nfes nation;
the plants attacked were r, :idrably defoliated."


















Ue"/ York


FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS
0
G'1JE?7AL FEEDERS
V.'HITE- :ARKED TUSSOCK LOTH (Hemerocampa leucostima S. & A.)

E. P. Felt (July 23). "This insect is generally present upon
young trees in the vicinity of New York City, though as a rule
it does not cause severe injury; very abundant in Buffalo area,
partially stripping the trees."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report that this insect is quite
common on Long Island and present in small numbers in .ayne
County.*


Indiaina


Illinois


Iowa


Nebraska




South
Da1;ota





No rth
Carolina


Louisiana


J. J. Davis (July 15).
abundant ."


"The tussock moth seerns to be n-cormally


W. P. Flint (July 18). "Increasinglyr abunLanit in all cities
and larger to:nm in northern Illinois."

C. N. Ainslie (June 27). "Unusually abundant in Sioux City,
and is doing inuch daruge to shade trees and to rose bushes."

M. H. S'.w k (J.y 15). Devel6oped cterpiilars in such numbers
as to rore or less tc:2ite many sladoe trees in tovns and
villages of eastern 2c-.l:a. Serious inj-ry and annoyance is
anticipated next nronth 'jcaus of second brood."


H. C. Severin (July 18). "'uch more abundant in Davis, Turner,
Clay, and Union Counties; ordinarily this pest is single brodedj,
this year it is double."

FALL (fEYTO. ,E (Hphantria cunea Drury)


Franklin Sherman. "More prevalent than normal about RaeIigh,
particularly on sycamore and Liquiia-i-_ar."

R. WI. Harned (July 23). "This insect has been reported as
rather serious in several isolated places in southern part of
State."

T. H. Jones. "Fhrt report of injury was received frcL. Iberville
Parish, June 13; within "he next fe17 days many c mplaints were
received. Plants -.ost severely attacked were pecan, willow, _,
pear, mulberry, persimmon, elderberry, and peach. On May 22 a
flight of moths was noted at Baton f.ouge; moths fro- June brood
began to appear July 5. A survey was conducted to ascertain
the extent of this outbreak, the result of whichh indicate, that
it was severe in the southeastern part of tvhe State, over an area






-17 -


iJinne sota


Indiana


Missouri


North
Carolina


i`issouri


covering the northern half of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jeffer-
son, Lafourche, Terrebone, St. MIary, Iberia, the eastern half
of Lafayette and St. Landry Parishes, and thie southern half of
Pointe Coupee, East Baton Rouge, Livingston, Trangipahoa and St.
Tammany, and all of Orleans, St. Charles, St. John, St. James,
Ascension, Iberville, St. Martin, and West Baton Rouge Parishes."

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR (Ealacosoma disstria Habn.)

A. G. Ruggles (July 12). "Did a tremendous amount of damage to
hardwood in the north and western part of the State. They were
particularly abundant around many of the lake resorts; basswood
was first attacked, as oviposition took place on these trees.
This is the third year of great abundance of this species."

BAGVIORM (Thyridoptervx ephameraeformis Haw.)

J. J. Davis (July 15). "Reported as abundant on shade trees and
ornamentals as usual in the northern end of the ftate."

A. C. Burrill. "Quite abundant in Carthage, necessitating spray-
ing of the shade trees."

FALL C*, .ROR.., (Alsophila pometaria Harris)


Franklin Sherman. "Rencrts have been received from Avery County,
also 'Watanga County, both in the mountain districts of the State,
where the vorms have been working for the past four years. Out-
breaks seem to be less serious than usual."


MAPLE

GREEN-STRIPED MAPLE WORM (Anisota rubicunda Fab.)


L. Haseman (July 10). \'ieen maple worms have seriously damaged
foliage of a grove of maples in Clinton County; adults emerged
from pupae b-tj'vecn July 1 and July 10."


GREEN ]APLE 'JORIM (Xvlina sp.)


New York


E. P. Felt (July 23). "H. Notman reports from Silver Beach,
Oneida County, that these worms were so abundant on June 14
that the ground between the trees was thickly strewn with pieces
of leaves."


MCAPLE SESIAN (Sesia acerni Clem.)


Ntu.. York


E. P. Felt (July 23). "This insect is generally distributed and
seriously injurious to soft maples at Kenmore, Erie County."







ALDER BLIGHT -(Procinhilus tesse .latus Fitch)


IIassachusetts H. T. Fernald (June 28). "Fian]l.in County Farm Bureau
re,.'oyts that this insect has considerably disfigured soft
m aples in Greenfield and Gill.",


New York


West
Virginia


M. D. Leonard (July 12) reports that ir.ferted trees were
observed at Catskill.


W. E. Ruasey (June 25) rooorts that raplo trees in Barbour
County ae"c bing covered rith small insect-. similar to tho ce
assembled on beech.


MAPLE LEAY STEL:-BOFP7 (Caulacatpuc scoricaulis ItacG.)

ilassac'husotts A. I. Bourne (July 20) reports thdi this insect has been
the cause of complaint frou several s )urces this year.


Eli LEAF-7:,T-Li7 (L11r,.ceila lute i. a Wdall.)


New York



Oregon






New York


E. P. Felt (%Tuly P). "Mr. R. E. Horsey reports that about
20 blocks in the ;0;thern portion of the .ty of Rochester
are quite badly infested; began to pupar,- on this date,"

A. L. Lo-"jtt. (July -9), ".ore abundant ,,h.nr, usual in Benton
County, leos ,o in .:ojn- c ;.l !'U; t:yzkioh Couties; larvae
now abooit 'mnaur fi:'n -'o.t cr'- aAhlts observed
yesterday."

EU.I BORER (Sara tridentaxa Oliv.)

E. P. Felt (July 23) reports that this iiLoct ir somewhat
abundant and injurious on western Lczg Island.


ELI SPANWCThCM-1 r^.-u- s fl nl riw. Hilbn,)


New York


E. P, Felt (June 26) reports that heavy flight of moths was
noticed at Rochester.

L. F. Strickland (June 28). "Unusually large flight of moths
in Niagara County."

L, C. Tyler (June 30). "Woodland trees badly defoliated over
considerable area in South Byron; pupae are numerous,"

G. E. Smith (July 9). "An enormous flight of moths took place
for about four days, begLnn-iig June 25, in Orleans County.
Woodland trees are no'v badly defoliated in several parts of
the County."









New York




:Io.7 York




Ner/ York



Idaho




: ..' York


,Missouri


Nebraska




Nebraska






:rI-rask ,


Newv York


WHITE E71' SCALE (Chionaspis a...micana John.)

E. P. Felt (July 23). "Decidedly abundant and injurious on
young elms on western Long Island, causing the dying of branch

EURO7A2 EU1 CASE-BEARER (Coleophora ljjos5pe.-.n-'la Dup.)

E. P. Felt (July 23). "Abundant in the vicinity of Oyster Bai
so serious that a considerable proportion of the leaves will f

EU.1 SCALE (Cossvparia snuria Iod.)

E. P. Felt (July 23). "Somewhat more abundant on Scotch and
English elms in the vicinity of New York City, and occurs in
s-nall numbers on American elms in Hudson and :ohav/k Valleys."

J. C. Evenden (June 25). "llirly every tree in Coour d'Alene
is very heavily attacked by the elm bark-louse."

"OMY ELM APHIS (Eriosoma americana Riley.)

E. P. Felt (June 25). "Reported as causing some injury at
Onconta."

L. Haseran (July 10). "Especially abundarit on elms. The forn
causing c3 c.Aur. ha: reappeared re3Q-tly in the central part
of the 3tatco"

TOF LAR

COTT0r:.730OD LEAF-'T: TLE (Lina scripta Fab.)

I. H.: S.:nk (July 15). ore than normally abundant in the
latter part of June."

POPLAR POFER (Saperda calcarata Say)

1. H. Sw'onk (July 15). "This insect continues to be the subjoc
of many complaints of irjury."

ASH

CARP.T OR' (1Prioo 7.'-s robiniae Peck.)

M. H. Swenk (July 15). "Ca.rpenter worm on ash and rmanle tree
continues to be the -ubject of many complaints of injury."

TULIP

TULIP-TREE SCALE (Tounevella lirirdendri Gruel.)

LI. D. Leonard (June 27). "Trees badly infested at Pocantico Hi








West
Virginia


W. E. ux (June 2:').


"Bal on trees -in :arion County."


3IRCH


Idaho


Nebraska




Kansas






*New York



Maryland


Ohio


Indiana


Florida


BRC;ZE BIC:-: 30.1 (A-rilus anxius Gory)

J. C. Ev-.nden (July 04' "Several shado trees attacked at
Coeur d'Alere,"

WAVLI1UT CATERPILLAR (Datana integerrdna G.& R.)

1v. H. S-ienk (July 15). "Trees in eastei-n Nebraska were badly
defoliated in many pla-es during the last 'eek in June- and -he
first ten days in July; y Julyy- 10 most of the caterpillars
had pupated."

E. G. Kelly (July 18). ""as been very injurious to :l;t
trees throughout the State."

.0;'K

'H.I.E OAK BLOTCH L2AF-::rirF. (Lithocolletes hamadrvella Clem.)

E. P. Felt (July 22). "PR. E. Horsey-reports that "his insect
is cor.on. in H_-i'"hland Park, Rochester, and disfigures foliage
badly."

E. N. Cor. (Jly 8)-. "Co-resoniets have sent leaves from
Baltiorverc ti ie .e,. is exce1edingly a .,:nlant; they have
,been so co-apletely .in& that th-e entire upper surface is brovm."

LCCUST IAF-:'tT. (Chaleous dorsalis Thunb.)

E. II. Cor. (July 8). "Very abundant in the Potcac ..v.r
Valley; this pest. seems to oe increasing and threatens to de-
J.
st roy most of z- -first leaves."

CATALPA

CAT.ILA VSPHIIx (Ceratom.ia catalpae Boisd.)

H. A. Gossard. "A cata-lpa grove of C acres at T-cy was con:-
pletoly defoliated in late JuV:."

J. J. Davis (July 15) reports that this insect is abuniant in
the southern end of the State.

F. S. Chaberlin. '"T.is insect, -*h-ch is usually a':..\n.i
about Quincy, can only rarely be fou:-. this season."







PINE BARK APHIS (Pineus strobi Hartig)


New York


E. P. Fet(July 23). "Mr. R. E. Horsey reports that this
insect is very injurious to young pines in Rochester, having
stunted them badly."


PINE LEAF SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)


New York


North
Carolina


E. P. Felt (July 23) reports that this insect is somew.'hat
abundant at Schenectady.

SOUTHERN PINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm.)


Franklin Sherman (June 29). "Report of outbreak from Swain
County; may possibly presage an epidemic, but I think not."


CAAPHOR

CAMPHOR SCALE (Pseudaonidia duplex Ckll.)


Louisiana







Mississippi


New York


New York


Extract from New Orleans Item (July 17): "The big fight to
destroy the camphor scale in New Orleans has only just begun.
Survey of entire City of New Orleans irner way; 115 infesta-
tions of the ot; f1_
tions of the sc osi of the main. infested area have been
located; 125 husr plr.nts have been listed. Of the outside in-
festationc that have bcen located, 72 have been completely
eradicated."

. R. W. Harned (July 23). "The Japanese camphor scale was dis-
covered for the first time in ILUssissippi on July 13 at Hatties-
burg. All infested plants were izicdiately burned. Because of
the seriousness of these insects in ITew Orleans we are endeavor-
ing to inspect all plants that have been shipped from New Orleans
to Mississippi during the past two years."


GREENHOUSE AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

SNAPDRAGON

Cosmopepla bimaculata Thouas

E. P. Felt (July 23). "Mr. J. F. Rose reports that these bugs
were swarL-ing in the blossoms of snapdragons on July 15."

RHODODENDRON

RHODODENDRON TINGIS (Leptobyrsa rhodedendri Horv.)

E. P. Felt (July 23) reports that this insect has caused con-
siderable injury to young trees; was successfully controlled
by spraying with soap and- nicotine sulphate.


i










.. ,.'T;OLIA


Ohio


New York


iA;IHOLIA SCALE (1!oolica:-1iL= cornrnarvum. Throi)

H. A. Gossard Peport3 that he has recently received se',:.rT-
complaints of tho .'*z.*:oLia scale.

ROSE

ROSE'CHAFER (Macrodactvlus subspinosus Fab.)

L,. H. Swenk (July 15) re orts -"a heavy flights of this -ee;le
were reported from Holt, Ga;:field, and Da'-vs Count ies, jurin
the third and fourth weaks in June, this p-t- causitig miuch in-
jury to roses and the foliage of frAit trees.r

j,'?Zi C...-.1" ^ rov'ari'eat^s A&' ^.

C. R. Crosby. (Junr 30). "Foerales abundant, ovipositing in
fruit of rugosa roses"


.. ITY FLATA ,.C> .. 'r .rE.o~a Say)


Nebraska


1,i. H. Suerk (J-..t .p.5' ''-P':'t!, of injuryy w ere received frcm
several lo-.tii c Sta..e i.rin. tha last week in June
and the irit ek w in -J1 .e ins-ct being numerous on other
plants al]so.


3X_,OCD r.A-:.;:IJ (:`on 1--ro.puS buxci Labou.)


Uew York


C. R. Crosby (June 25). "Hedges badly inf'-t d at Pocantico
Hills."


M. D. Leonard (July 13).
eola on Long Island."


"Large hedges badly i-ifested at .in-


LILAC

LILAC BORER (Podosesia Hvr~nr.- iarris)


New York


E. P. Felt (July 23). "Jr.. C. E. Fair,.an reports that this
insect is causing sore injury to lilacs at Lo,-idonvJlo."








-id4-


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND DOMESTIC ANIMAL


FLEAS (Ctenocephalus canis Curtis et al.)


New York



Missouri


Missouri





Maryland


Delaware


E. P. Felt (July 23). "Cat and dog fleas were locally abundant
the last of July at Yonkers, Westchester County."


L, Haseman (July 10). "The cormon flea has been troublesome in
some places, especially on stock farms. Some complaints have
also come from cities where cats and dogs were not kept free
from fleas."


CHIGGERS (Trombidim sp.)

L. Haseman (July 10). "A plague of chiggers seems to have hit
the State the latter part of June; they were so bad in some
places that those v:ho were susceptible to these attacks were
not even safe on their lawns,. Reports came from all over the
State.

J. A. Hyslop. (J-uly 30)o "Chiggers have been unusually abundant
in Montgomer-y County this year."


AMERICAN DOG TICK (Dermacentor variabilis Say)

Ci 0. Houghton. "This tick is very common here this year and
is causing an unusual amount of annoyance."


ANTS (Formicidae)

Indiana J. J. Davis (July 15). "Ants in houses, especially the little
red ants,have been repeatedly reported as troublesome and
apparently more so than in former years."

HORSE FLY (Tabanus costalis Weid.)


New York





New York


H. C. Huckett (July 10). "Present in large numbers and are very
annoying at several of the bathing beaches along the shore in
Nassau County."

WAX MOTH (Galleria mellonella L.)
is
G. H. Rea (July 12). "Old comb in cellars/badly infested at
Ithaca."









UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09244 5013






I





















I
I'1


















|
















I
1*