The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00149

Full Text






THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN.



A mGnthly review of en:oriolc'gkal conditiki's through "i' the Urnited StAtes.


Volume 1. July 1, 1921. Number 3.


BUREAU


OF ENTOMOLOGY


UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING.


LIBRARY
;TATL PLANT BOARD



















4







4




















I








-79-


OUTSTANDING ENTOIAOLOGICAL FEATURES OF JUI2 1921.


The chinch bug situation continues to loon up as the
most serious entomological situation in Indiana, southern
Illinois, Missauri, northwestern corner of Ohio and northern
Texas.

The Hessian fly situation is not generally as serious
as anticipated. Hovwever- it is still a serious problem in Indiana
and Missouri, while severe damage is reported from parts of
North Carolina. A very general infestation but not serious in
intensity'is reported from Nebraska with a slight local outbreak
in Oregon.

The most serious outbreaks of cutworm in the Upper Mississippi
Valley are reported from North Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa; the
outbreaks being complicated by the number of species involved.

An outbreak of the ?all Army-Worn in Alabama may be the
forerunner of a series of outbreaks in the Mississippi Valley.

The 4ater 'heat item ikaggot has developed a serious
outbreak in Oregon qnd this insect is also reported as being
decidedly on the increase in destructiveness in Illinois and
Nebraska.

For the first time in the history of the State Entomological
Service the pea aphis is occurring in serious numbers in Colorado.
It is also reported as being unusually numerous in Nebraska,

Though a heavy brood of white grub is due this year' as yet
no heavy outbreaks have been reported.

Grasshoppers are very serious in southwestern Iowa, north-
western Minnesota, parts of South Dakota, southern Nebraska and parts
of Oregon, while a'serious outbreak in Visconsin is reported as being
the worst since 1890.

Among the fruit insects the rose chafer is reported as
being nuch more numerous than usual in New York, lbss.-chusetts,
Connecticut, Ohio and Indiana. Damage to grapes being the most
conspicuous injury reported.

Heavy infestations of vineyards by the grape leaf hopper
are reported from Columbia and Orange Counties, Ivw York. This
pest is also unusually abundant in Ohio and Nebraska.

West Virginia reports the plum curculio as -worse this tan
ever before, while Missouri reports the worst outbreak since 1943.
It is also occurring in rather unusual numbers in Massachusetts,
Connecticut, parts of )e r York, Delavwa.re and Indiana.














The brown plum aphis is occurring in serious numbers in
Missouri, Indiana and Georgia, while the mealy plum aphis is
reported as being very serious in the Sacramento Valley in
California.

In some of the raspberry districts in New York State the
industry is being discontinued owing to the loss occasioned by
the raspberry fruit worm.

The green apple aphis has developed so serious an outbreak
in central New York that some nurseries are enfloying large
numbers of additional men to control this pest.

In the Hood River Valley; Oregon, the fruit tree leaf
roller is becoming an extremely destructive pest. Reports of
serious injury are also being received from hew York State.

Pear psylla is so serious in parts of New York as to occasion
an extra emergency spraying for its control. Pear midge is also
more destructive than it has been for many yeqrs in parts of
New York.

The black peach aphis is occurring in serious numbers in
Nebraska for the first time as far as the Experiment Station
records go. It is so serious that trees are dying from the attack
of this insect. It is also appearing as a serious pest for the
first time in rashington State.

The Colorado potato beetle is appearing in large fiumbers from
Long Island southward through New Jersey and Delaware, while
outbreaks uach raore serious than originally anticipated are
reported from Ohio, Visconsin and Nebraska. The potato flea beetle
is occurring as a serious plst in New York, INew Jersey and Delavare.

The most serious outbreak of cabbage naggot that has occurred
in recent years is under-way in southern 1ew York State. This
insect is also appearing in destructive numbers in IMassachusetts,
Ohio, northern Indiana and Oregon.

The rapid increase in the area determine& as infested bybthe
Mexican bean beetle in Georgia, Kentucky and Tennessee seems to
indicate that a heavy fall migration of this insect took place late
last season.

A serious outbreak of the fall v.-ebworm is reported from
Louisiana. Present reports indicate that the extent of the outbreak
ranges from Baton Rouge to New Orleans.

Serious losses in the calf drop are being occasioned by a
bad outbreak of screw-worm in parts of Texas.








-81-


INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 1 July 1. 1921. No. 5



CEREAL AND FORAG3 CROP INSECTS

WHEAT

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)


'Jest W. 3. Rumsey (May 23). "We have received no reports concerning chinch
Virginia bugs in TWest Virginia this year."

Georgia A. C. Lewis (June 7). "The wheat is noyw being cut, and to date wve have
.not received any complaint of these insects. So far as we ;mow they
are not present in Georgia.

Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 15). "As far as our present records go the chinch
bug is only present in serious numbers in the northwestern corner of
the State, northwest of a line running diagonally from the southwestern
to the north-central boundaries of Paulding County, across the center
of Defiance County, thence including all of W/illiams County with the
exception of the southeastern corner, to the north-central part of
Poulton County, affecting, in all, four counties.

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "Young chinch bugs are reported quite numerous
in Paulding County and Van Wert County. I have not yet heard from
Defiance and Williams Counties farther to the north."

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 10). "The chinch bug continues to loom up as a pest
of great importance. Wheat harvest began in the southern end of Indi-
ana on this date. Bugs are abundant in all sections previously reported."
(June 15) "Indications still are that this insect will be a serious
pest this summer."

Illinois W. 0. Davis (June 7). "Chinch bugs are more abundant than usual in
Saline County."

W. P. Flint (June 17). "'In a number of counties small areas of oats
have been kdlled. In a few cases in the southern half of the State
entire fields of 10 to 15 acres of oats have been destroyed. Young
chinch bugs observed mainly in the second and third instars. Many corn-
fields in the infested areas are severely damaged where volunteer wTheat
was plowed for corn. Creosote barriers being used generally." (June 18)
Chinch bug is less abundant in the area most heavily infested last year,








- C2-


Nebraska




Missouri









Alabama





Texas


New York




North
Carolina


and much more abundant in the area slightly infested last year. Bugs
are now in the second and third instars. The old bugs are dying rapidly.
Eumicrosoma benefica is abundant."

Edward L. Dillon (June 17). "Chinch bugs are now found at the base of
90 per cent of the cornstalks examined near wheat or oat fields at
Waverly. Wheat harvest has begun."

M. H. Swenk (June 15). "The chinch bug appeared during latter May in
plentiful numbers in the wheat fields of the counties along the Kansas
line, from Pawnee County westward, but no serious injury has been re-
ported,",

L. A. Haseman. "Mr. Burrill has made a survey of the chinch bug situation
in this State and reports that about 65 to 70 per cent of the counties
in the State are known to be infested this summer. The outbreak last
year covered a section in the east-central part of the State, extending
east of a semicircular line which started on the north in central Marion
County, extended westward to the western third of Gallaway County, south-
ward to the northern third of Iron County, and ended in the central part
of Perry County. All counties have been heard from with the exception
of three and only about eleven report no infestation this year."

V/. E. Hinds (June 2). "We have no complaint at all of chinch bugs this
season; in fact, the species has never been common enough to be sent in
here, during the fourteen years that I have been in the State. I think
it does occur sometimes in northern Alabama but have never heard of it
in any other section of the State."

M. 0. Tanquary (June 18). "Reported as being very destructive in Hill
County."

HESSIANM FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

G. E. Smith (June 11). "Causing some loss this year but apparently not
very numerous in Orleans County." (June 18) "Mostly in the flaxseed
stage, considerable injury found in several fields; wheat harvest will
start about July 4 or two weeks earlier than usual."

Franklin Sherman (May). "Crop reporters in Piedmont (west-central section)
have reported this insect as destructive in several counties but only
a few such reports have come direct to me. I judge it to be somewhat
more destructive than usual.

A. C. Foster (letter to R. J. Haslll, Plant Disease Survey, June 23).
In Buncombe County I covered a large area inspecting wheat fields. The
general opinion of the growers and county agents was that the wheat crop
this year was the poorest they had seen in years, due partly to unfavor-
able weather conditions but mostly to damage done by the leaf rust and
Hessian fly. In Wilies County also the wheat crop was very poor, being
caused by the unfavorable weather, the fly, and the rust.







-83-


Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "The Hessian fly is abundant as reported in last
letter, and fallen wheat is being Eaotud in all sections. Farmers in
some sections are cutting as ear.y se possible, hoping to eliminate a
portion of the lo.sas due to Lto fallejn 1-eat."

Ohio T. H. Parks. "Greatly decreased as co prv-ed with 1920; only a few fields
are visibly damasked. Irfostatio t t:.'e c-,nt-al cotnti.es will be near
1) per ceat of ti= stra-; thi." repv'r )to vbht survived of the late wave,
or eggs which w3re deposited c.ur:ng ti min.ddle of October."

H. A. Gossa.rd (June 23). In most counties Hessian fly is nominally
present and in those coun'oti wheri te iinfasta-cion runs higher than 10
to 15 per cent the porcvr.s .' parasitism is very high, generally in
the neighborhood of 80 c. 90 per cent.


Minnesota



Wisconsin


Nebraska





Missouri


C. N. Ainslie (iay 24). "Quite a number of winter wheat fields were
examined carefully but I could find no trace of Hessian fly in any of
them."

C. L-. Flukn (June 8). Hessian fly is rare in W7isconsin but is more
common than usual at Richland Center.

Avrgn H. Swenk (i1ay 15). "oHessian fly is widely distributed in for the
most pP!t r, nd n, r-ct ie nrjabers ovcr -,aetheastern Nebraska.
In ';Ti}-^-gfcc^r<, ;-ty, h-w r, *tb:i.s pT is p:e:snt in decidedly in-
juru' -.s ,AXx_Ce a- -,:- : iThj-j is being done in the extreme south-
eastern corr.sr of the State also."

L. Haseman (Uay 12). "In csnt:pl :Iissnuri they are now largely in the
flarseedz stag3, with as many as 40 oda flaxseed to a single tiller in
somE c-s-c. (June 15) "A a. te-wile survey is being made which is not
yet completed. Percentage i.fe .tatior. n the several counties is being
worked ou-t, but t .s is net yt cor-ij.-.td. Practi-al.1y the entire State
aith the exception of a small area along the northern border and about
15 counties in the south-central part of the State is infested."


Oregon L. P. Roclvyood (June 1). "Heavy infestaticun of spring and winter wheat
at Pleasant Hill apparently due to favorable local conditions and the
practice of planting wvheat on wheat. The second springg generation were
on the wing about June 1. Infestation ranging from nothing to 40 per
cent."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). Generally below average in abundance. Adults
active June 1.

PALE WSSTEBN CUTORI (Porosagrotis orthogonia Uorr.)

INorth 0. N. Ainslie (June 4). "Several sxperrmerts with poisoned bran have been
Dakota tried out at Beach without vny mvrkad success. Possibly the fact that
sever-i. species may be pr"sn:: -Tr- -J'ts ijse t'.ias having the value
they ,if;c po!saSs, if trp c "- r, oi Ltd-g cnl.y 7ith Porosagrotis ortho-
oni:a. One reliable far:-Ier 1-ol1. mn. myt -'y of finding 17 cutworm in a
space of one square foot in hgs fib]ld in r.ost cornfields I found one to
5 cutworms in every hill of ve:y young corn."







-84-


WESMN ARMY CUTOBM (Buxoa auxiliaris Grote)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (Hay 15). "The most important Jinsect outbreak during the
month covered in this report has been one of the western army cutworm.
These cutworms were more or less active during early April, but reports
of injury were not received until April 20. 1Teat and alfalfa were the
crops injured and the reports of injury were from very widely separated
localities (Scottsbluff County in the extreme western part of Nebraska,
Phelps County in south-central, and Madison Ccvnty in northeastern
Nebraska). In Phelps County the injury was princi.l-.ly in the winter
wheat, one field of which had 25 acres completely eaten off by April 22;
in HIadison Cootty the injury was chiefly in alfalfa fields and for two
weeks the young alfalfa leaves were eaten as fast as they came out.
Poisoned bran marh bait was used effectively in all the outbreaks. The
worms matured and entered the ground for pupation by May I." (June 15)
"Following the outbreak of the western army cutworm referred to above
there was a heavy flight of the moths of this s-ecies during later May
and early June. The moths began to fly in small numbers about the middle,
of May, but the flights did not become heavy until the week beginning
May 22. During the latter part of that week and all of the following
week the extreme abundance of these moths caused much cement. During
the week of June 5 to 11 the numbers of these moths began diminishing
rapidly and at the present time they are not present in conspicuous
numbers. The area covered by this heavy flight of moths was that por-
tion of the State lying East of the 98th meridian north of the Platte
River, while south of the Platte River hbea-7y flights were noted west
of the 100th meridian and beyond. The flights were heaviest in the
southeastern counties."

Iowa F. A. Fenton (Hay 31). "Moths of this insect are appearing in western
and southern counties in this State by the millions. The infested
region lies west of a line running from the northwestern corner of
Dickinson County to the middle of Hardcn County, thence to the middle
of Dallas County and south of a line extending from the north-central
border of Madison County along the southern border of Mahaska and
Keokuk Counties, thence in a northeasterly direction across the center
of Washington County to the southern third of Clinton County. Survey
reports are not yet completed, but indications are that the pest will
be much more numerous than two years ago. We have received reports of
this same pest from Kansas and Nebraska." (Special Report No. 14.)

FALL ARMY' \70BU (Laphvgma frugiperda S. & A.)

Alabama VW. E. Hinds (June 2). "I have complaints of the fall army worm from
Hatchachubee in R'ussell County, where 40 per cent of the stalks are now
being attaclmd by young worms on a 10-acre tract. I expect this species
to appear quite generally from now on as they were abundant last fall
and parasites were not numerous."

WHEAT-BEAD ARMW 70BM (Heliophila albilinea libn.t

Nebraska M. H. Swenk (June 15). "Moths of the wheat-head army worm were flying
commonly during the latter part of MIay in southeastern Nebraska and
some injury by this pest is anticipated during later June.







-85-


UWESTBN HEAT-SBTUI MAGGOT (Ivlemyia cerealis Gillette)


Nebraska


Myron H. Swenk (:ay 15). "The outbreak of western wheat-stem maggot re-
ported last mor.th which was brought to ouir attention on April 9 proved
to be very local, involving only a small area in I7orrill County, between
Bridgeport and Alliance. The ma.gots coutirued boring in the stem of
the wheat in the infested fJ.elds util a'ot.t Arpril 20. On MIay 6 flies
began emerging frr p,' ia in cm", 'c,': c.jv s and continued coming
out for several dasc. T2ese pupsria d:er developed from maggots collect-
ed April 11. Vhthehar twe1e fic1 3 wi.l start -mother brood of maggots
on the present wheat crop is yet to be determined.."


M7EAT STBAVW-7/-OR (Harv]ta grande Riley)


Missourl


Leonard Hassman (Jmune 15). "This insect is occurring in about normal
numbcts at Colubiaha, In laboratory, adults emerged lay 7 to 10. One
wingless fona emerged Hay 10."


JOI OTIOBM (Earmolita tritici Fitch)

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "The jointworm is apparently more abundant than
last year but does not yet appear as a serious menace."


Ohio


H. A. Gossard (June 23). There is very little jointworm, though 3 to 5
percent infestation is reported from a few counties. Practically ail
northeastern counties show 1 or 2 per cent of H.vaginicola in every
field.


GREATER 1HEAT STEM MAGGOT (Meramfyza americana Fitch)


Oregon






Illinois



Nebraska


Missouri




Texas


A. L. Lovett (telegram, July 1). Serious infestation of Yeromyza
arericaua on spring wheat in Union County, Oregon. Hundreds of acres
with from 10 to 75 per cent infestation. Date of sowing of little im-
portance. Volunteer wheat main source of contamination. Main brood
are mature larvae or pupae. Scattering adults, eggs, and young larvae
are to be found.

W. P. Flint (June 19). "luch more abundant than usual in central and
northern part of State. Reports of from 5 to 7 per cent damage have
been received.

2L. H. Swenk (June 15). "Scattering injury by the greater wheat-stem
maggot was noticeable in eastern ilebraska during the second week in
June.

GRZ3I- HBUG (Toxoptera graminum Bond.)

A. 0. Burrill. "Found this insect with Macrosiph.m sp. and Aphis av7-,
in Perry and ilissLssippi Counties where oats were damaged from gO to3
75 per cent in Perry County, and 100 per cent in parts of lississi)-)L
County. The infestation has now cleared up.",

J. B. Watkins (May 27). "Unusually heavy infestation in Cooke, Gr- '
Denton, Colli, FaMnnin, Hunt, Dallas, Rockeall, Ellis, Hill, Sor .,









Rrath, Hailton, Bosque, McLennan, Coryell, and Bell Counties. The
parasite Iysipblebus tritici come too late to be of much help."

COI T-1AF BLOTCH 3MMEH or HEAT LIAF HIER (Aagomvza :parvicornis Loew)
Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 23). The wheat leaf-miner is very abundant in
Wayne County. In some fields 70 per cent of the leaves are mined out.

WHBAT ZIDGE (Gontarinia tritici Kirby)

Ohio H. A. Gossard (June 23). Wheat midge is a serious pest in a few of the
south-central counties. This insect will probably do as much or more
damage this year as any other wheat insect.

T. H. Parks. "Wheat midge is very bad in some Ohio counties. Has been
increasing in numbers for three years; in some fields 20 per cent of
the kernels are affected."

MLDOUV PANT-BUG (IMris dolobratus L.)

Indiana HM F. Dietz (June 15). "The meadow plant-bug has been collected in large
numbers from lawns, meadows, and wheat and oat fields around Indian-
apolis."

TARNISHED PLANT-BJG (Lyus nratensis L.)


Nebraska


SH. Swenk (May 15). "The rather unusual numbers of tarnished plant-
bugs reported from wheat fields in April were in evidence in the alfalfa
fields in early May, but no obvious injury was being done by them
except in a few oases."


WIRESI0BS (Mielanotus pilosus Blatch.)


Nebraska


IL H. Swenk (April 15). "In Clay County a species of wireworm has been
injuriously numerous in small grain fields; oat fields planted about
March 15 were in some cases killed out and had to be reseeded by April
20. In some localities wheat fields had the extreme bases of the stems
badly gnawed by these worms in early May to the obvious detriment of
some of the fields."


CLOVE AFHOPR A(Agallia s(anuinolenta Prov.)


Nebraska


IL. H Swenk (May 15). ,"The rather unusual numbers of clover leafhoppers
reported from wheat fields in April were in evidence in alfalfa fields
in early May but no obvious injury was being done by them except in a
few oases.


ALFALFA

PEA APHIS (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)

Nebraska L. I. Swenk (May 14). ,"The pea aphis was reported as unusually numerous
in alfalfa fields in southeastern Nebraska, from Richardson County to
Gage County. Some rather serious injury by this pest is expected during
this next week."









Colorado
















Oregon


Colorado


-87-
0. P. Gillette (Uay 27). "While we have noted the overwintering of this
aphid for many years on alfalfa plants in protected places on college
campus at Fort Collins we have never known it to be abundant enough to
attract the attention of farmers until this spring. On May 4 a portion
of an alfalfa plant having upon it a considerable number of coccinellid
larvae was received from a stock farm near W7estminster just north of
Denver. The statement was made that many acres of alfalfa on this farm
were turning brown and dying from the attacks of these "Worms". IJr. C. L
Corkins, of this office, was sent to investigate the trouble and found
the damage due to the pea aphis. A few other fields, where some damage
has been done, have been found, but the damage has not been extensive.
On the college campus there are small patches of alfalfa on the south
side of buildings that have been killed down by this louse. The un-
usual presence of this insect this spring is probably due to the mild
winter which has permitted an abnormal number of the lice to survive
the cold weather.

L. P. Rockwood (June 11). "Only one field in the vicinity of Forest Grove
has been seen which was seriously injured. This was in vetch and the
damage estimated at about 50 per cent of the crop. This was a field con-
sisting of 5 acres of early fall sowing. Several coccinellids and 3
species of syrphus flies have eaten about 75 to 80 per cent of the
aphids. This field is bordered throughout its entire length by an early
spring sown field of the same variety of vetch which was not at all in-
jured; patches of purple vetch stood out prominently in the injured
field and these plants were not injured by the aphids."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "This insect is generally reduced in numbers, or
has disappeared from the fields at this time. Natural enemies are re-
sponsible for 80 per cent of the decrease. Five species of coccinellids
and three species of syrphids are the main parasitic forms. Serious in-
jury on vetch in Western Oregon is confined to an occasional early sown
field, or volunteer field. Injury is more severe on peas and alfalfa
in Umatilla County (Dean) but decreased abundance of aphids and injury
is evident since the middle of May. '

ALFALFA WEBVORMP (Loxosteme similalis Guen.)

C. P. Gillette (May 22). "Moths have been received from different local-
ities beginning early in May and indicating that this insect mVill be
common and possibly very abundant over much of the alfalfa growing terri-
tory from Rockcy Ford in the lower Arkansas Valleytto Port Collins.


SUGAR B Mn '7EB.7ORT (Loxostege sticticalis L.)


Colorado


C. P. Gillette (May 22). "Moths were flying in moderate numbers to lights
in northern Colorado on HMVay 20. Complaints of injury to new seedings of
alfalfa in the Port Oollins district are also being made."


STRIPED FLEA BEETLE (Phyllotreta vittata Fab.)


S. M. Jordan, State Board of Agriculture (June 11). "This insect


Missouri






-88-


Michigan


is much more numerous than usual on alfalfa at Columbia and
Keytesville ."

PALE STRIPED FLEA-BEETLE (Systena blanda Melsh.)

L. G, Gentner (June 20)."First noted this insect two weeks ago
shortly after young alfalfa plants came through. They eat
young leaves and the growing centers and have damaged the
crop about 10 per cent. At present the beetles are disappear-
ing and the majority of the plants are putting out new growth.
They first appeared near wooded and weedy land."


CLOVER-LEAF VWEEVIL (Hypera punctata Fab.)


California


H. S. Smith (June 5). "Serious damage to small fields in
Shasta County. This is the first occurrence of this insectbeen
in California as a pest although it is recorded as having/col-
lected in the San Francisco Bay Region."


NEMATODES


Nebraska


New York


Ohio


Indiana






Illinois




Oregon


M. H. Swenk (May 5). "Alfalfa roots were found bored by nema-
todes in a field in Madison County that was suffering from crown
rot and in which the roots were tending to decay."

CLOVER

LESSER CLOVER-LEAF WEEVIL (Phvtonomus nigrirostris Fab.)

J. D. Detwiler (May 281. "The beetles are still fairly abundant
and working in the axillary buds and in the heads; no pupa
observed as yet."

T. H. Parks (June 10). "Damage was severe in seven western Ohio
counties. Transformation to the beetles took place June 1 to
10. Some larvae were killed by fungus after the cocoons were
spun."

J. J. Davis (May 17). "We are beginning to get in reports of
considerable damage to clover, particularly big English clover,
and apparently the area of heavy infestation in Indiana is in-
creasing. The insect causing the damage is the lesserr clover-
leaf weevil. We found the larvae in all sizes from the very saalls
est tta those nearly full grown. This is for central Indiana."

W. P. Flint (Jun 19). "More numerous than usual over the eastern
two-thirds of the State, wherein 50 per cent of the heads are
infested. One hymenopterous parasite has been observed. Near-
ly all of the weevils are in the adult stage."

L. P. Rcekwood (June 9). "This insect is more numerous than
usual at Forest Grove. The damage is decidedly more noticeable
this month than last. The d rst-rbut-on was dete..-:ined last month
to extend to near Yamhill in Willaneite Valley a.-d Pacific City
on the Coast."









Oreon


Oregon


New York


8c-
CLOVER-SEED MIDGE (Dasyneura leguminicola Lint.)

L. P. Rockwood (telegram,June 6). "Clover-flozer miJi-o prcse-nt
in W iuL.iette Valley in numbers sufficient to cut seed yield
if weather July 1 is favorable to second generation. Advise
red clover hay be off fields by June 13. L)vett advised by
wire tonight. (Letter, Jure 11). First gr.'nration of this in-
sect is present in sufficient numbers to eal, into the seed crop
seriously in the sec Cnd generation if .ea':eT of the last of
June and first of July furnishes sufficient. moisturee for a max-
imum second generation. The rainy fall of 1%,20 and spring of
1921 were probably favorable to this species.'

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Generally present in about average
numbers but in excess of past three years; ecassive fall and
spring rains probably favorable."

CLOVER APHIS (Anuraphis bakeri Cov.az)

L. P. Rockwood (June 11). "These aphids are now ver3) thick on
roadside plants and along borders of small fields abrut Forest
Grove. They are very scattering in the clover fields Out with
favorable weather may cause damage to the seed crop in July and
August."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Increasing in numbers, probably aver-
age number now present in northern Willamette Valley."

CLOVER TYCHIUS (Tychius picirostris Fab.)

J. D, Detwiler (May 28). "Beetles fairly abundant in Ithaca, de-
stroying the anthers of flowers. They are now laying e-gs."


CORN

STALK BORER (Papaipema nitela Guen.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (June 11). "First reports of injury to young corn
by the stalk borer were received today."


CORN EARWORMP (Chloridea obsoleta Fab.)


Virginia



SFlorida


K. H. King (May 28). "Eggs found on early corn on this date.
Were the first found this year, near Charlottesville. First
adult captured on June 2."

Jeff Chaffin (June 20). "I:ore abundant than usual throughout
the State; from 10 to 25 per cent of the crop has been damaged.
During the past month many reports of serious damage have been
received."











Kansas


Illinois



Missouri


South
Carolina


J. W. McColloch (June 21). "Usually the first brood of corn
earworm/scarcely noticed in field corn. This War, however,
both eggs and larvae have been exceptionally abundant-."

ARMY WORM (Cirphis unipuncta Haw.)

W. P. Flint (June 20). "Larvae have been abundant in rank wheat
fields and in a few cases have migrated out "'. fields of corn.
Poisoned bran without fruit has been very effective."

A. C. Burrill (June 3). "Usual local epidemic near Carrolton.
About 50 per cent of crop damaged."

TWELVE-SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica 12-punctata Oliv.)

S. E. McClendon (April- 20). "Distribution wide in Berkeley
County. Some entire crops destroyed."

S. C. Stribling (May 13). "Practically all over Cherokee
County considerable damage has been done to early corn."


R. H. Lemon (May 13).


"Locally destructive in Fairfield County."


WIREWORMS (Agriotes mancus Say et al.)


:I.V York









Illinois




North
Carolina


C. R. Crosby and assistants report that 25 per cent of a corn
stand has been killed at Danby in Tompkins County. This field
was in oats and barley in 1918 in -ociiows Jn 191- 9 -9 1920 -
and planted to corn this spring; as ....-.iy as 17 wr-eoworms were
found in some hills. An entire stand on a quarter of an acre was
killed out at Courtland; three or four acres had 25 per cent of
the stem injured; field was in meadow last year. In both places
the wireworm concerned was Agriotes mancus.

E. L. Dillon (June 17). "Farmers at Waverly report loss of corn
stand planted in sod ground. Wireworms eating out the kernels
in some cases. We found this to be true after the corn had
sprouted. Replanting was necessary in several cases."

Franklin Sherman (May). "Correspondence indicates more injury
than usual to corn, especially on lowlands."

MAIZE BILLBUG (Sphenophorus maidis Chiitt.)

=:a "o-,1an (June 3). ": e_- r. Burr-11 and Winkler repo'
Very s3r.-ous injury in idis Uri River bottoms near sloughs,
in Carrcll C_ nty 98 pe:- ce-_ cf -he crop s infested. Eve fnt
'a A_-,( pe' or "1fi
....7. .si-g perfor.i on-.of 'hese insects, sometimes c d
w!_'i ;',e wor : of Diabrotica 12-punctata. A large species .
r u':3;-. -o color but txzice :>- o' w, also present. Alv received
r-Qpc-.-. :.'.e-age froia Perrv Cc-"in';-.


-90-







-91-


PALE-STRIPED FLEA-BEETLE (Svstena blarnda Melsh.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "Flea-beetles appeared in unusual
abundance this year, damaging corn. The insect responsible in
the southwestern section, south of Terre Haetc, is a small black
species, while the species responsible for the damage in ",t-
central Indiana is a pale striped flea-beetle, probably Systena
blanda."

BRASSY FLEA-BEETLE (Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsh.)

Indiana E. E. Stimson, county agent, reports this insect as doing damage
to corn in Orange County. Specimen sent to J. J. Davis for iden-
tification.

BRO'.UN COLASPIS (Colaspis brunnea Fab.)


Illinois


V1. P. Flint (June 19). "Two fields of corn in the western part
of the State, both in clover in 1920, were severely damaged.
Larvae full grown by June 7."


CORN ROOT-APHIS (Anuraphis maidi-radicis Forbes)


Missouri


A. C. Burrill (June 7). "Insect extremely scarce at Shelbyville.
Complaints of root aphis found to be erroneous."


CORN LEAF-APHIS (Aphis maidis Fitch)


Kansas


J. W. McColloch (June 21). "The corn leaf-aphis has made its
appearance in corn two weeks earlier than usual and is causing
considerable injury."'


WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spp.)


New York


Illinois


Iowa



Wisconsin


E. P. Felt (April 28). "June beetles were swarming in large num-
bers as early as the evening of April 28, according to report re-
ceived from Roy Latham, Orient, Suffolk County."

L. F. Strickland (June 1i). "Very rare. No beetles observed in
Niagara County."

W. P. Flint (June 20). "Reported from several localities in
northern part of the State, but no general outbreak."

H. E. Jaques (letter June 25 to W..'.7alton). "White grubs seem to
be unusually abundant in our part (southern) of the 8tate and coeh-
siderable complaint is being made."

S. B. Fracker. "Fond du Lac and southwest to Grant County have
more of this insect than in 1919 and 1920, but less than in 1912-
15-18. About as much damage on sod land as was expected. A few
reports received from northern Counties."








-92-


Missouri


A. C. Burrill (May 17). "A heavy flight of this insect took
place on this date, east of Fredericktown. (June 7). First
reported from Shelbyville on this date. Two or three more
flights of June beetles have occurred since last report."


GRASSHOPPERS (Acridiidae)


New York



Illinois



Iowa


Wisconsin


Minnesota







South
Dakota


L. C. Tyler (June 4). "Melanoplus atlanis or M. femurrubrum
appearing in great numbers at Alabama on muck land. They are
all immature."

W. P. Flint (June 19). "Young grasshoppers abundant locally in
a few areas over the southern two-thirds of the State. No gen-
eral outbreak is expected."

F. A. Fenton. "I have just returned from the southwestern part
of the State in Mills County and find that grasshoppers there
are more numerous than ever before and are doing quite a bit of
damage. Whether or not this is the beginning of a more or less
extensive outbreak I am not certain. The species concerned is
the two striped grasshopper."

H. F. Wilson (June 20). "Grasshoppers are appearing in great
numbers throughout the northern and northeastern portions of
the State. We are trying to organize our growers in a poison
campaign and hoping to prevent any serious damage."

S. B. Fracker (June 24). "The worst outbreak since 1890 is under
way in northern Wfsconsin north of Barren, Stevens Point, and
Green Bay, Blister beetle, Epicauta cinerea, becoming numerous,
also a bacterial disease has been fecund. Poisoned bait is being
used by the ton in Door, Florence, and Shawano Counties, and work
is beginning in Forest, Price, and Portage Counties."

Stewart Lockwood (May 24). "I have just returned from a tip
to Minnesota. We found a large quantity of grasshopper eggs
in the extreme northwestern corner, namely Kittson County.
Here the grasshopper eggs range 0 to 50 pods to the square
foot; in scme localities egg parasites were noticed fairly abun-
dant, but not in large enough numbers to help much for this year.
Grasshoppers were first noticed hatching May 11."

A. L. Ford (May 16). "Along White River bottoms grasshopper
eggs are very numerous; these have passed the winter in sound
condition; an outbreak is practically assured for this local-
ity. Eggs are confined to the bottoms. Blister beetles are
ahndant."

H. C. Severin (May 23). "Grasshoppers have hatched in large
numbers in Tripp County."












Nebraska










Oregon


M. H. Swenk (June 15). '"Grasshoppers were hatching out in
southern Nebraska during the last two weeks in May, and injury
began to be noticed by the second week in June. Rather larger
numbers than usual are reported from Otoe, Clay, and Fair Coun-
ties. The grasshoppers hatched out very irregularly in south-
eastern Nebraska this spring, there being very few of them in
some places where they were abundant last fall, while in other
places where they were no more abundant last fall they have
hatched out in considerable numbers."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Outbreaks of Camnula pellucida are
reported from Lake, Klamath, Crook, and Deschutes Counties.
Eggs hatching May 5 to 20. Orf-nized community poisoning cam-
paign in egg beds has been successful. Lake County drive was
completed by June 9."









-94-


U I T I SE C T S


REEA' APPLE IS (ApIi pomi DeG.L
&,E2Ea APPLE ;,.mis (A~i._h. pom DoG. }


1'e, r York.


Ohio


L1C id- air


ov Y Iork


C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 18) report this insect as
dangerously abLuidaiit in Orleans County ai.d in much sr.aller'
nua.ibers than ujtu1 in Ulster, Chautauqua, Albanyj Cnondaga,
C-enesee jnd i'iagara Couities. Has appeared in considerable
numbers in several young apple orchards in Columbia County.

P. J. Parrott (Ju:-c 22}) "Serious outbreak on nursery stock
at Geneva. One firm ]as forty men dippin, the infested
tips."

T. D. Gray (April 21). "Quite numerous in Tyler County,
apparently being ver;r badly infested with parasitic fLunUS."

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "The green apple aphis threatened
much damage a few weeks ago, but syrphus flies, lady buss,
and other natural enemies secm to have the upf-.cr hand with
those insects at the present time and we do not anticipate
disastrous damage anjyihcre,"

Jo J. Davis (Juno 15). "The green apple aphis is one of the
species -eost commonly brought to the attention of this office
and x.hich will be a serious pest this year from indications
ldIrLin: the last half of :ay."


A. L. lovett (June 17). "Hood River and 7illiamette Valley
below the average. Materially decreased lately, due to
4gQ;l a bou.t av ura l -.e."1


-. :;-G:rL- APHIS (io;:-. 1 osi i-hrrj ;r:- i folia.e 'itch)

C. I. Crosbyr und assistants. '".-'s ,- ite nuanerous earlier in
tiei se,,son but has ac' left the in' los in C^ itanLua County.
Also reported as very scarce in 3-cno.csc, liaanra and .rlo...ns
Co-jntic s."


Vtest Virginia








-95-


ROSY APPLE APHIS (Anurashis roseus Bal:c r)


Massachusetts




New York






Delavare




Ohio


Indiana




Oregon


New York



Indiana


R. A. Van :'eter (June 17). "A scver- infestation of this
insect occurred last year in Plymouth County. Have not
observed it this ye:r. Very few aphids of any kind are
present in the orchards."

0. R. Crosby and assistants report this i-nscct as more
abundant than usual in Wayne County, where it is appearing
in threatening numbers. Also seriously abundant in Gone-
see, Ulster, and Chautauqua Counties. Reported as doing
slight damage in OnondgaI, niagara, Columbia, Albany, and
Orleans Counties.

J. F. Adams (:1ay 19). ":uch more abundant in -!ay than in
April. Ladybirds werec very active in April but not so dvi-
dent in lUay. By June 2 they became numerous enough to in-
fest about one per cent of the tips."

H. A. Gossard (June 23), "Rosy apple a-his has been foulni
quite abundant in a few orcl_-rds."

J. J. Davis (June 15). "The rosy apple aphis is one of the
species most comnnonly brought to th, attention of this of-
fice. -Will probably be a serious pest this year from inci-
cations during the last half of :hy."

A. L. Lovett (June 170. "Southern Oregon; Average, damago
slight, most injury to fruit on interior of trees, William-
ette Valley; Sliahtly below the average, Baldwins show par-
ticularly serious injury, mostly on the northwestern side
of trees, probable &amaeo 5 to 15 per cent. Hood River:
Injury on unspr4yod trees 20 per cent. iilton (Hopson):
WVorse than usual, injury about 10 per cent. FDund aphids
had practically left the apples on June 14 in all sections."


WOOLLY APPLE APHIS (Eriosama lanigerum Hausm.)

0. R. Orosby and assistants. "Occasional light infestations
in Orleans, Niagara, Chautauqua, Ulster, Genesee, Albany,
and Columbia Counties."

J. J. Davis (June 15). "The woolly apple aphis is one of
the species most commonly brought to the attention of this
office and which will be a serious pest this year from indi-
cations during the last half of :y."








-96-


I.issouri





Oregon







Few York


Indiana




Illinois






South Dakota


Oregon


L. Haseman. "This spring for the first time this louse
has attacked elm tree trunks, as a typical woolly aphis
as on the apples. At present apple twigs and patches on
the trunks are white with these lice, which are very abun-
dant about Columbia, Peculiar and Kansas City."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Southern Oregon: About average
abundance, increasing on the branches, no serious injury.
Milton (Hopson): Seriously abundant, worst outbreak since
1918."


ODLI1TG MOTH (Carpocapsa romonella L.)

L. F. Strickland (June 11). '"Eggs found early in the week
of June 6 in FTiac r : County. This is the earliest record
for this county since 1912. Only a few eggs were found,
however, and no fresh ones iave been observed since."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as in normal
and subnormal numbers in Colinbi', Ulster, Orleans, and
Chautauqua Counties. E.s were just beginning to hatch on
June 15 in Orleans County and eggs were first observed on
June 7 in Chautauqua County,

J. J. Davis (June 15). "The codling moth does not seem to
be as abunrlnt as usual. The first larvae of the second
generation b ain spinning cocoons within the past day or so
at Lafayette,"

'7. P. Flint (June O). "About 95 per cent of the fruit crop
vwas destroyed by the late frosts. Adults of the first brood
of codling moth Ihave been very abundant. Emergence ceased
in Southern Illinois about June 7. In central Illinois a
few arc still omcr'-ing. Larvae were under bands in southern
Illinois on Juno 5 and in central Illinois on June 15."

H. C. Severin (May 24). '":Ioths making their first appear-
ance at Brookings today."

A. L. Lovott. "Hood River: Adults observed May 14 (Childs);
about 33 per cent hang over as larvae. The first eggs ob-
served '-y 21. Medfotdl: First larvae observed June 1.
Fungous disease present; of small importance however. Cor-
vallis: First eggs observed Tay 25; about 20 percent hang
over as larvae; first eggs observed June 4; first larvae
June 14. Extra cover spray probably due for the later
emerging moths."












9 97.-,


Iow York


ITo'w York


Oregon


New York


l-c', York


RIBBED CCCOON IIAIER (Bucculatrix pomifoliella Clcm.)

C. B. Crosby and assistants reported as occurring in v,.r'
small n.Mib -rs in AlLb-n',, CnondzFa, CGutu-iua, GrC-sce,
n:.icl Columbia Counties.

FRUIT TREE LEAF-ROLLER (Archis r-ros.ila .:. )

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "Twice .s ab-'nda.nt as usudl in
ia--nara County."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insi.ct s very
abr:d?.nt and destructive in a l.r-, percentage of thu or-
chards, boin unusually destructive on nearly all variotics
of fruit in Orleans Comunty, often bcin, very plentiful in
somn- well sprayed orchards. Larvae had practically all pu-
pated prior to Junc 11 in Orleans County. Causirr cor.sid-
ida in G. -eei c's
erabl/ 1IIUIb.r.3 li u S- Ftm1s1.2 c]is^bl1a
is more abundant than usual but doinP no serious ?.r-o in
Kiagara County, whcre thc. moths worc eoeroinP on June- 11.
The insect has also beeoon reported in about norn-Il number in
Albany, Chautauqua, and 0--.nc: *'a Counties and very scarce
in Columbia County.

A, L. Lovctt (Jun: 17). "Hood River (Childs): Unuu..1liy
abundant and serious in recently invaded areas. Oil sr'.y-
in{7, effective I:w:n intelli,-ntly done. Parasites very rare.
First pupa observed June 4."'

CIGAR CASE-BEAER (Coleophora fletcherella .:-rnald)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as occurring
in considerable numbers, especially in unspra"-.Ad orchards
in Cnondagra, Orleans, and Gnesee Counties and as not seri-
ous, thor-vh present, in Chautauqua, Albany, and Columbia
Counties.

L. F. Strickland (Junc 18). "Present in norrn.l numbers but
little dramarc bcinr7 done in 1iacnara County."

PISTOL CASE-BEARER (Coleophora mrlivorclla Riley)

C. R. Cr-osby and assistants report this insect as vcry abun-
dant In old orchards end in poorly sr' -y cd orc:-::-rds in Or-
leans County, as very abu.ndrcnt in Genosce County, and as
rare this year in Ulster ard Albany Counties. Iono vcrc re-
ported frcm Chautauqua County.


LIBRARY
~TAT pLANTj BoARD











-98-


BUD MOTH (Tmetocera ocellana Schif.)


New York


Ore ,on


1T7: Yorlk


-/ York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as very
abundant and injurious in Albany, Genesee, arAl Orleans
Counties and as occurring in small numbers in Cnondaga,
Colunbia, Ciauta7cjua, and Ulster Counties. In the last
co-uity t.:y pupated on May 24.
L. F. Stricldand (Junc 18). "Not as numerous as usual in
ITiagara County this year."

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "Generally yrcvalent in western
Oregon. Abundance and injury average or slightly above."


GREEN FRUIT WOIM (Xvlina antennata Valk.)


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as in less
than normal numbers in Onondaga, Albany, Columbia, Orleans,
Gcnesee, Ulster and Niagara Counties. Present in about nor-
mal numbers in Chautauqua County, where they had pupated by
JLi. 18. Injury quite common up to June 10 in Ulster Coun-
ty.


,7H1lTE-IMR-B--_2D TUSSOCK HCTH (Hemerocampa leucostipma S&&).

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as present
in about normal nLbnb'-rs but not at all serious in Columbia,
Ulster, Orleans, Chautauqua, and Ilia-ara Counties.


TEi1T CATERPILLAR (IL-lacosomrn. -.ericana Fab.)


New York


E. P. Felt (June 1). ":Ir. Roy Latham reports the apple tent
caterpillar about as abundant on wild cherry and apple in
Suffolk County as last year. ITe.3rly all the nests are emp-
tied by insectivorous birds."

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as more com-
mon than last year thowuh still scarce in Tompkins County,
nearly all the larvae being killed by parasites; as quite
plentiful in Onondaga County; common but not abundant in
Ulster County; and a few present in Geneosee, Columbia, ar.
Chautauqua Counties."

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "No tents observed in ITiagara
County,"


South Carolina


0C. L. Baxter (April).
buted about 'eaufort."


"This insect is quite widely distri-











-99-


FXSST T-I::T C,: Tp7L-LIp ( 'lacosox disstria HUibai.)


South Dakota


H. 0* Sever in (Hay 22). "Larvae about one-balf to threc--
quarters of an imh long at Brookino-s."


SPRING CAi:LC-.:/Oi: (Plc:crita venmata Pock)


New York


Indiana




Wisconsin


L o'." York



IUorth Caro-
lima


E. P. Felt. "I'.r, G. F. '.hc:.ton arnd J. A. 7-01om'ou- report
that the sprint cankelrwVorn I as scriousiy cra: d a nuber
of unsp-r.yedd orchards in Ontario County. Iost of the insects
had pupated by fI'Lay 31. Some poorly sprayed orcharC-s cOre de-
foliated in the toefim of Ponficld, :-onroo Co-unty, dn June 2."

0. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as cortinuinp
its dcstructivc work ancl doil: :-ior. damage than last year in
-cncsec County; dcnudin. the lc:v.s in several trees in
Erie County; at least a hundred trees completely defoliated
in Gcnesee County; two outbreaks earlier in the month in
Niac.ara County; abun&dnt in uncared for orc'.: rds in the
Southern -part of Orleans County; and very scarce in Gnonda-
ga County.

J. J. Davis (Juno 15). "Spring ctnkerviorms (?) have boeen
reported from .-:iay sections of the State and rcp.orts indi-
cate the worst inostation and the .prcatost c&nl'C in sever-
al years."
H. F. W/il son (June 4)* -'i7 y vrry tree is beirn striprped
in Southern Wisconsin, the cror for this year boig ruined.
Infestations especially serious in Dane, ,Washington, Juneau,
and Waukesha Countics."

(June 20). "Causing a tremendous ainomunt of damage throu hoLtr
the southern and western portions of the State."

S. Ji. Frc.:r (Juno 15). '"-orc common than cvory before.
Complete defoliation of from 50 to 75 per cent of the orchrrd
in several counties, cxtcncing' from ?:adison to Green Bay and
eastvrard. Damac coLipleted by June 15."

FALL C R]EKR70RA'I (Alsonila pomntaria Har.)

L. F. Stric2dand (Nay 24). "Cankcrv/ormns were attacklU;:
apple and pcar at Rockport, Niagara County, bcin:- more abun-
dant than last year."

Franklin Shcrmaan (;Ty 29). "Fall cankirS/orm re-orted "s be-
ing now evident in certain of our mountain areas. This will
be the fifth consecutive year of t':so attacks."















Wisconsin


S. 3. Fr'.ckcr (Juno 15). "Associated with the spring
cankerworm in a sor ious outbreak, eoztending from Iadison to
Green Bay and castvrard. Complete defoliation of from 50 to
75 or cent of tlice orclr rds in several counties. Damage
about ended by June 15."


APPLE !CD BUG (Hoterocordylus nalinus Rout.)

7-33.-,chusctts H. T. Fcrnarld (Jimno 23). "The red bu has booeen more abun-
d-.nt crc-n. Amherst this ycar than usual. Adults are now
appFcaring>."

R. A. Van Ilcter (June 17). "Present in eastern part of the
St.tc buit less numerous now than last month."


Now York


Sonnoc t icut


NcxI York















Ohio



Indiana


C. R. Crosby 7ndc assistants. "This insect is becoming very
scarrc. 1e-orts of occasional s'-ccimCns beirg received from
oliiL :- C....... a1, Counties,-


S. *... .*x (June 24). "Lcess numerous about NoHew Haven and
Jilford tkn in i9g;0."

G 7. :o>".. assistants report this insect as causing
cons'c(...lc i injury in orchards where they wore plentiful
last ye.r ;.rd uitc gec.c-rally distributed throughout 0rleans
County, .... jcinr' in thc adult stage June 18. T orc numer-
ous th~an last year in Chnutauqua County, the nymphs being in
the last r-.s:'r on Juno 18. Fairly abundant in Genesee, On-
onfda,, Albany, Columbia, and Ulster Counties, adults first
observed June 6 in the last county. Nymphs nearly mature in
Ir.ync County on iay 28. Injury boginninr to show up on the
fruit, and nymphs bcin ini the fourth and fifth instars on
May 30 in Ulster CounMty.

L. F. Strickland (Jun, 18). "About twice as numerous as
usual in lil.ra County."

H. A. CGossard (June 23). "False apple r-O. bug has occasion-
ed notable &L-m'Cc in orchards about Wooster even where nico-
tine sulphate vws inclac'.cd in the first codling moth spray."

F. 17. /afllace (ay 5). "Apple red bug found at Tiuncie ay
5. This is the socoi.' record of this insect for Indiana.
The ..otr record is t2.t -rsde by Bald-ain at Goshen in 1916."


FALSfl A2-`JL] r J) TJ (Ix-idca R-c.: out.)








-101-


APPLE LEAFHOPPER (E .noasca mali LeB. )


Dela-. re


J. F. Adams (May), "This insect is more num.,:i'cas than
usual about Brier.-ville, .I"re 80 C:er cent of the leaves
were found to be infested, At re'._rk this i2scct is do-
in very slight da&rnaeo as compared. with that in t1e soutbh
ern part of the State."


ROS0E LEF4HiCPER (Emroa rosae Lo)


New York


C. R. Ctosby and assistants. "Causing considerable foli-
age injury in young' o'chirds in Orleans County. Present in
considerable numbers and coin,' a ,'ood bit of dimaec in Cinon-
daga County. First brood has been heavy and. is already do-
ing considerOblc damagce in Niarara County. This insect
seems to be on the increase."


Bmpoa micolor Fitch


Pennsylvania


J. R. Eyer (June 14)4 "Adults obt.':incd at Gerard today."


BUFFALO TREE-HOPPER (Ceresa "bu M lsrFmsi )


New York


New York


INe-' York


C. R. Crosby and assistants. 'Injury to some c-:tent in
most young plantings in Orlc-ns County. Generally present
but not at all serious in Albany, Genosec, C'.utauqua and
Ulster Counties. First adult observed on June 16 in Ulster
County."

SAi JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus :irniciosus Comstock)

E. P. Felt (June 3). "San Jose scale has beeoon about elimi-
nated from Hig-hland -ark by winter spraying. Plants badly
affected fifteen 3ea-s ago have completelyr recover*-d. It
is not considered as difficult to control at Rochester as
the oyster-shell sc-le."

Crosby and assistants. "Becoming more abundant oven in or-
chards e7oll taken care of in Gencsee County; very preva3lnt
in some sections of Orleans County. The young of the first
brood crawling on Juno 18 in ,iagara County, -..'here thelc in-
sect is four times as abundant as last year. On the in-
crease in Albany County. Slight infestations in Onondaga,
Chautauqua, and Ulster Counties."

OYSTLR-SHELL SCALE (Loeidos ohes ulmi L.)

E. P. Felt (2c.y 27). "R. E. Horsey reports this insect
from 1onroc County, *hero the young emerged early, ar0d spray-
ing is now under vray."










-102-


South Dakota


C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Becomin- more abundant even
in well cared for orchards in Genesee County. Quite gener-
ally present in Ulstc-r, Columnbia, Onondaga, Albany, Orleans,
and Niagara Counties."

H. C. Severin (hay 24). ",ggs are watching at Brookings
today."


SCURFY SCALE (Chio__as,.g ufura Fitch)


No'., York


C. R. Crosby and assistants re ort findir- a few of these
insects in Orleans County.


APPLE MAGGOT (Rhaolctis pomopella VU1lsh)


,-ew York


Yc -c York


lew York


i'c,> York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report tbAt this insect has
never been a pcst in C3L.utauqlua County but that qaite a few
of the flies vere observed in Llbanj County.

RCU'I-DHE'.DLD ALPIE-T BCTR (Sarcrda cnidida Fab.)

C. B. Crosby and assistants. 'Found this insect quite abun-
dant in i.lbany and V/aNre Counties; adults were observed in
the latter county on June 18. Found a few in a young or-
chard i:. Orleans County."'

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "A scattered, light .infesta-
tion observed in Hiiagara County."

FLAT-1iEDED APPI:-TTEif BOBR (Chrvsobothris femorata Fab.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants resort this insect as very
abundant in Albany and Columbia Counties, quite coinLion in
Ulstc.r County, and a scattered light infestation in Niagara
Count .

APPLE FIEA-.jEVIL (Orchestes pallicorinis Say*)

D. D. [.rd (TLay 5), "Several adult specimens found on an
apple at Ononda-a.;


SNOWY TEE CRICKET fOecanthus niveuas DeG.)


ITev. York


L. F. Strickland (June 18). "Just beginning to appear."


RED SPIDER (Tetranvchus citri McGregor)


New Ymrk


C. ?0. Crosby and assistants re-ort this insect as very
almxdant in old orchards in Orleans Co--uty and cuaite scarce
in Chutauoua and Ulster Coanties. They accareC, early in








-103-


ITvew York


the season in orchards on light soils in Columbia County.

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "Just bc-innin- to appear on
apple. Slight infestations acar on prune. Iluch bclow
normal numbers in Fia.-ira County."

Pratetrcnvchuz.s pilosus C:.n. & Ptn.".

0. R. Crosby and aszistc'nts ro ort this insect as Mrnomdant
in many orclhp.rds in Coli.:,tbi-: Cocnty. Also found in liury
and Ononda-a Counties, Th'rc is a '^ossibility t'".-t several
of the New York st.te notes on ?etnrnCchu citri in _c'.lity
refer to this insect.


PEAR
PEAR TRIS ( Pniotris inconseEuens A zl)
PEAR THEIPS (1L_,eniot'iri.js ir-conseociens Uzel)


New York


New York


G. E. Smith (June 18) reports this insect as being present
in greater nunbcrs than last year in Orleans County, but not
plentiful and not injurious.

J. B. PalmerL (Juno 18). 'Very abundant in Ulster County.
Dispi;eered about June 6."

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "Only one instance of foliage
and blossom injury noticed in ITiaar? County."

E. P. Felt (l.y 21). ";Ir. .w.-hcy reports -J.r thrips are
about 50 per cent more abvuc.?.nt in :ia.~rz County, tho f'h
only a minor perccntagSe of the crop is dLn.7cd."

PEAR PSYLIJA (Psylla -Yricol! Foerst.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as e:tr'; Ily
abundant in Orleans, Genesee, Columbia, Genesee, Ulster, arnd
Onondaa Counties. By :ly 28 adults were out in Columbia,
Genesee, Orleans, 7hyne, and Ononda7,a Counties. By June 11
second-brood nymphs were a-'carin abund-antly in Ulster
Coroty and by June 18 they were num-xerous in Wayne, Orlec-is,
and Gcnesee Counties. In the more seriousl- infested regions
an emergency spray is being applied for the control of the
second-brood nymphs.
brood
L. F. Strickland. (Uay 28). "FirLs-/of :n-nphs have for the
most part bccoz-c adults i;n 1Tiaara Coiu--ty. (June 11).
Second brood of nymi-os -beginning to appear, with a vast num-
ber of esgs still bcin"c dcosited. (Janc 18). About tlhrce-
fourths of the soco--'-brooc. eggs have hatehed. Severe infes-
tation ';:'crl ov-er entire cou'.nt_'Y."








-t104w


PEAB-LEAF BLISTER !ITE (Eriophyes p.yri Pgst.)


New York








Oregon






New York


Indiana


:TcV.' York


C. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as very
abundant on u-nspr7yed trees in :assau, Ulster, and Orleans
Counties. Also reported from Chau'taucjua, G:ncsc, Onond.-
ga, and /2v.r7ne Co',mtios.
1",. E. Britton (June 23), "Seemingly more abundant than
average year. Localities, Guilford, Meriden, Stratford,
and iorth T.oodstock.

A. L. Lovett (June 17). "irxvalent, slightly worse than
average and more serious than earlier in season. Hood
River (Childs): On apple quite gcn~rnl in higher alti-
tudes."

PEAR AmD Ci-3R3:Y SLLG (Caliroa cerasi L.)

C. R. Crosby ard assistants report a single outbreak of
this insect in Columbia County.

H. F. Dietz. "Indications are at present that the -:c-r
slug will be a serious pest this comin- summer."

PEAR 3iIDGL (Oontarinia rvrivora Riley)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report serious infestation on
Lawvrrence, Bosc, and Clap varieties of j:c-.rs in Genesee
County. The worst infestation in years. In Ulster County
10 per cent of the fruit had bcc-n destro -d by THay 30 and
considerable injury was noticed at Ravena, Albany County.


QUIi:CE CIOCULIO (Conotrachelus crataegi Xalsh)


:" York


J. B. Palmer (Hay 12). "First beetle of the seasa foumd
on this date. (hy 30); beetles still present in small
numbers on trees but no .injury to fruit observed as yet in
Ulster County."


Lvuas coignunis Knight


New York


California


L. F. Strickland (June 18). "Unusually scarce in iNiagara
County."

C. R. Crosby and assistants. "Destructive in a few orchards
in Orleans County. Rc-orted in small numbers from Onondaga,
Genosoe, and Columbia Counties."

BAKER'S iEALYBUJG (Pseudococcus bakeri Essig)

T. D. Urbahns (Nay 14). Sacramento: "The presence of this
srccies upon fruit is very objectionable."






















!:e-.. York


ALIFORNTIA PEAR S'.i.TY (G,.::o-',c]us c lifornicus 2-rlatt)

A. L. Lovett (J'-C:. 17). "Ior- ,.u.-...t tin avra Cr-
v".e mature o, J-unc 12; fcl: cttacld but -o serio-us in-
jtary. V--illict Y-..-- c.-3 z tchinr', :.y 15. Larvae
of fair sizo 7-y 22; averaeC ac.ncl.ce

Honlin tr-if"sci-t- Say

C. R. Cros',y and. assistants. 'Doir- cosic. blG ai'o to
blossoms and 1.: s in onc orcli ." r -oc. litv, I'..L'/.S,
onrroo County.3


QU I 0 E

QUIi-CE CUJiCUIO (Conotrachelus crataeci 7J.lsh)


I~e'. York


Tevi York


New York


Indiana


L. F. Strickllanc (June 18). "Just startinL to n?.:e fccdi::'
;uncturcs in Nia-ara County.i?

C. R. Crosby and assistants (Juno 18) report that only oc-
casional adults .,ve been observed in Ulster Counety and thej
have not yet appeared in Cbautauqua County.

FRUIT-TPiE IL F-PROLiLR (Archips .ar '-rc.s'.il- >1:.)

L. F. Strickland. (Ilay 28). "Causincx serious inj.n... in a
la.r,, orc-ard in .ia ._ra County. (June 11) Th:o puu-e:-"c
been almost completely destroyed by t:7_ ;'..site Pi:-.vl s ."


A. Z; A C H
PZACH{

C .... E CK ..... ( a ....sicae

G- E. Smith (Iiay 38). ...ve.' 1 oc. t n cli
Co:uty. (Ju---: 18) Ser-iousiy nr-.isr-Os i0 0n C OC ..rC-,..'

BILCK PL CCH APHIS ( x.nury -:is -ersic e-:-.i :. Smith)

L. F. Strickland (June 18). "-'ormaly abuzOndnt in iac7
County."

J. J. Duvis (June 15). "The black -c: ch aphis is a common
species this sfrin-1f"


-105-


A,









-106-


ITebraska





'7 shiiipto;,


2Tev; York


Indiana


;e',." York


M. H. Swenk (1-y 5). "Black peach aphis was found in exces-
sive abundance in a p.c.h orchard in -Tuckcolls County 0on
this (lnte, where it Vsh killiir the trees. This is t.e
first instance of aj.;-dJ .ce c.;d serious injury by this
aphis that vie have noted in this State."

E. J. I:.- corier (ilpy 21). "This species has not been noted
before this year, but probably has been here for several
years, as it is well established in sQ',ral orchards in
Yakiita County. (7e-y 24) This insect has destroyed ne-.o.rly
100 per cett of the crop in cases vwhiere no remedial measures
were applied. It is now leaving the ce-ich trees and appear-
ing' abundantly on mustard, cabb age, tomatoes, etc."

PELCH-TEE BOBER (Aep-eria exitiosa Say)

C. R. Crosby and assistants (l'Wy 21). "A considerable num-
ber of borers were found in one o-'ch>rd in Orange Coumnty.
(Juno 18) Very abundant in i'ssau, Ulster, and Albany Coun-
ties, an& also quite abundant in Orleans County. (June 24)
The borers are now pupating in Vlayne County."

L. F. Strickland (June 18) "Nor-:,ully abundant in Niagara
County."

J. J. Davis (June 15). "The :e-ch-tree borer is abundant
everywhere in Indiana. Spring applications of paradichloro-
benzene have given aljrost :cr--fect control."

LESSER FL.CE-TP BOL":R (Aereria pictipes G. & R. )

C. R. Crosby and assistants reo',ort this insect as beig' n'.-
erous in Orlea:s, ,ayne, anc' Albany Colnties, especially in
brovmn-rot canre-rs.


PEACH TVJIG-BORER (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)


A.. L. Lovett (June 17). "Generally prevalent in western
Oregon. Abundance and injury average or slightly above."

SHOT-HOLE BOER (Scolytus rupzulosus Ratz.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants report finding this insect quite
coion in sickly trees in 7ayn, and in a few cases in Colum-
bia and Orleans Counties, where the beetles were working on
trees injured by the severe winter.

L. F. Strickland (June 16). "Normally abundant in :Tiagara
County."


Oregon









-107-


SAY'S BLISTER BEETLE (Pownhopoc- 2avi Lec.


New York


iTev York


P. J. Parrott (.;:y 28). "Foun6. this insect injurin; foliage
and fruit at Jur:iAU5'ar.-a, ande Waterloo.
C. B. Crosby and assistants re-ort tat cri th last we
re.or tl -rt Er~ir`" the last week:
in ':ay this ins' .ct v as fo'nrd doing consiclcraboi da.r':c to
young fruits at \Williamson "nd eaCtin leaves r'ffocted with
peach leaf-curl at Covert.

ROSE-CHAFER (1lacrodactvlus subsginosus Iab.)

G. E. Smith (June 11). IFouiL in abii-.iinCe K two ;-'.ch or-
chards and one apple orchard doin- serious injury to the
fruit in Orleans County."


TAJ:IS:T PLA;T-3UG (Lus ,,is L. )


ITew York


North
Carolina


, cv; York


L. P. Strickland (Juno 18). "Doinw some injury to ic:chcs
in ilii--.ra County."

G. ,I. Anderson (;Ly 19). "Locally abundant on yotL -each
trees in Chesterfield County."


CHERRY

CHERRY APHIS (y::vzus ccras Fab.)

C. R. Crosby and assistants (.:ay 20). "Some cherries badly
infested at 3inghnmnen (Uay 28). buid-'iit in Orleans
County; by June 18, the Orleans County outbreak was pret-
ty well cle-ned up by the lad-bird larvae. Abundant in Ul-
ster County on .y 30. Still nuLt.u'_rous on June 18, on whichh
date they were reported as more abundant ta:.i last yc .r ir-
Onondaga County. Severe outbreak in Col--ibia County.
(June 24) Fairly comnoni in most cherry orchards in ?-T-c
County."


L. F. Strickland (June 18).
normal in Iia-ara County."


Ohio


De lawvare


"Three times Ls abbundanit as


H. A. Gossard (June ':3). "The black ccrr'" aphis has prob-
ably been more num-crous th<.- any other aphid this year al-
though hardly a scourge anywhere."

C. 0. Hou',ton (June 4). "This specics is still very numer-
ous. Hundreds of larvae r:-. ui-:e of Adalia biW,:nctt- c n
bo found upon the infested trees. Have observed as r>.; as
13 pupae on a single leaf."













"The cherry aphis is a common spe-


J. J. Davis (June 15).
cies this sprin!."


CHEMRRY 2C-GOT (Br!poletis ci r-Tlhta Loew)


He%" York


C. R. Crosby and. assistants report this species on June 18.
Flies becoming quite nrxn.ierous in Onondagra County, in small
numbers in Alb-ny, and Orleans County. First flies observ-
ed in OnonrCaga County on June 10 and in Columbia County on
JuL(. 13."


PEAR AYD CBERRY SLUG (Caliroa cerasi L.)


Indiana


Or., on.


SJ. J1 avis (June 15). "Cherry slu r ha1s been unusually
abundant, -articularl' in southern Indiana, where it wvas not
an uncommon si-2it in the past few viecks to see large trees
with the foliae completely brovmed."

H. F. Dietz (Jmune 15). "InIdications are at present that the
cherry slu- will be a serious pest this cominim suanmr."

A. L. Lovott (June 17). "Adults observed 1:av 23. Eps llay
25. About average abundance at Corvallis."

CHERRY-TREE TOTBIX (Ccoecia cerasivorina Pitch)


',-':" York


Indiana


E. D. Merrill (June 2).
County."


"Present in unusual numbers in Erie


H. F. Dietz (June 15). The cherry-tre tortrix w4as report-
ed from Vincennes dma'irg nahialeb nursery stock."

BOSE-LE1.F -L2ZI (,'orota puncticallis Say)*


-:e-i York


E. L. Chase (June 13).
County."


"Injuzinn black cherries in Ulster


ROSE-CRAFER (:Ta7crocd2ctvllus subspinosus Fab.)


; ;'.'., York


P. Rupert (June 11). '"Doinr considerable daiiaiec on cherry
and to a less oztent on apples in 7.1r-e County."2


-10S-


Indiana









-109-


PLP CURULI (Cnotrc lus enu r HerbstU
PLTU1 CUBOULIO (Conotr~clielus nenu-c--c r Herbst)


iass' chusottc




Connecticut


H. T. Fernald (Tay 31). "AIr. L. '.Iid.ley reports th4t this
insect is far more numerous than last year at \iorcestcr.
This month has been c _aractcrized by more rain than u2.iu1l
and extremes of temfcratatre."

17. E. Britton (June 23). "Sc(-iiir-ly morc ninerous than
usuJal at P7ew lavcn, Hiilford, l/i- sted, 1.:'; t 'ethlersficld."


ITcvw York


P. J. Iarrott (:Iy :8).
voun-" fruit at Gcnoev?."


"2'cetlos bc'irxning to puncturec


Delaware




VIc st
Virginia


North
Carolina


C. R. Cross' an. xssistmnts rc -ort that the beetles were
first obscr;c-d in Orl ns Corunty on n'y 20; by June 18 they
had become nmncrouns and destructive in a few orchards in this
county. Vcry -bundant and injurious in iilbany County; seri-
ously r:bu.c''nt in Columbia County. In _.ayne County, by -W-.-.
24, 50 pr cent of the fruit .c.. be daiaa cd on one side of
an orchard at Sodus, the side i.azt infested beinp nearest
to Woodland. Also very -.urncrous and destructive in T.ss a,
Ulster, 0rai.7c, an.d Gones.c Counties,"

L. P. Strickland, "First adult observed on "ay 24 in iiT.ar:
County. By June 18, severely nvuncrour in : ;eral orchards."

W. H. 'Jcllhouse ('Tlay 13). "Actively c-. layi-'; on youn ari-
cot fruit in vicinity of cherry at Ithaca."

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18). "Adults now laying; es, but not
common in Chautauqua County."

t. t. Adams (April 26). "From 3 to 20 per cent of t:, ap-
ples about Bridgeville were found to be rnfeos Iiiju
more common in orchards surrounk.cd by woodlots and noro no-
ticeable in the 6.ust-d than in the. srranrod tracts."

D. T. Graly (April Z'). "Dam.ge to fruit of apples vorse than
ever observed before in arsall and Tyler Co.:nities."

E. C. Sher:.ood (June 2). "Heavy infestation; larva st-ioe
developed on both pluuns :.,',d ccrrics. Did not :'avo tir.c to
rrakoe cozmts, but I think at least 75 er cent of the fruit is
dcl-sacd at :sbur-g, ,'ood Co..ntr. "

Franklin Shernan (:.ay 21). "Found first adult of the season
on Aarch 19. On .:ay 21 also found an adult (not toneral)
anpparcntly of hibernated '--:nc:ration. This indicates for this
year a seasonal range of oa-":..intered specimens of 64 da-s."













Indiana




'iissouri




AlaT. Yra




Ve...' York


J. J. D"vis (June 15). "The plum curculio attacking apples,
etc., is exceedin:-ly abundant, partly due no doubt to the
fact that some of the orchardists failed to make their regu-
lar spray arplic.tions."

Leonard Hasemin and assistants (June 15) report worst out-
breaks since 1906, damage ran inZ from very slight to 100 per
cent; larvae are no: leaving the apples and entering the
soil in rearing cares.

,7W. E. Hinds (June 2). "'PlLun curculio now starting second
brood attack in southern Alabama."

WiOPE,1 FRUIT IZCANIUM (Lecanium corni Bouch6)

C. R. Crosby ande. assit2:nts, report this insect dangerously
abundant around TL-dina, Orleans County, with a slight infes-
tation in \/avine County and Gc-nesee County, and scarce in Al-
b.ny County."


F. Z. H-rtzell (June 18).
County."


Indiana




Georgia



Missouri


iTew YorK


California


"Not yct observed in Chautauqua


320 '. PLUM- APHIS (Ijisteroneura setariae Thom-s)

j. J. Davis (June 15). "Tho rusty brovwn plum aphid is one
of the species most co:)tno -y broL _.t to t:- attention of
this office and which will b s-; riouiis pest this yeer
from indications durinu the last half of I.'

0. I. Snap, (Lay 4). ';Quite numerous on wild and cultivated
plums this spring in Central CGeorgia, damage running to as
high as 100 per cent of the foliage."

Leonard ?aseman (Juixe 2). "Corres-onc'.cnce from Overland,
MTound City, anmd Orick, indicate that this insect is so abun-
dant as to check the growth of plum trees. The fruit has al-
r-;a.Cy been destroyed by freezing v/eather."

IMALY PLM APHIS (Ivlo-terus arundinis Fablj,)

L. P. Strickland (June 18). "Only one slight infestation
noted in Niagara Comity."

T. D. Urbahns (.1y 4). "MIore abundant than usual in the
Sacramento Valley, and e:tre,.mel- destructive. Young trees
are also suffering by the destruction of foliage. Da.--.age
estimated from one to 50 per cent in different orchards.
Natural enemies are becoming abundant."










-: *).-


BU)D ;C''Ti (Th etcccera or oellac Schif.)


I7-e.' Yor-:


G. L. Sit.t-i (17-- "J observed injuriin r'ltuns on two farms,
plums bei;:- very near apple trccs in Orleans County.'


TCi, York


"Foliag;e becoming. infested in


LI. F. Stric:lanty- (Ia. -8).
Fia,.ra County."


R S P B E R R yT

r&SF.7rL':? FRU-IT-'mOx:I (T-turs unicolor Say)


-ev., York


l-ev York


Oregon


"-c :York


J. B. P-.l .ir (May 30). K.2 ...s abundant, beetles ra re in
Ulster County. (JI1ne 11) larvIe arc be:-inninp to bc found.
(Jane 18) B.etles still present in latc blosso;-.-is, larvae com-
mon, but not as abundcnt as would be ex:Fect-;.. ig's still
boinr laid on th .roen berries. First two ,ic:i-: s in an in-
fested. :etch arc !discouarcf-in-y s11ll. 11 .> berries are
cruZImbly, smna2.11, missslapen anr given az an e:-:c3edi-nl;- in-
ferior apearance to thle baskets. One prow'r pulled the
bushes out instead of harvestin" the fruit. (June 25) Beetles
still to be found& in small numbers."

H. D. Ham:con.. (June 15). ",'A.en.at in the northeastern -.art of
Or-rncr Co-r.t,-."

RASB2ITY SATKJLY (2Mo':-o< .2oiac'.G rubi Harris)

J. B. al-:'er (Jz.oe 18). "'Larvae occasionally observed in Ulster
County."

F. Z. Ha-tzell (Juiic 18). "Co.-on :.nC injurious in small
plantins in Cha. ta.'c Cc:''t"."

A. L. lov-:tt (J.z-.: 17). ''ass'orr' sawfly above the aver?-o
in abuvic.Aice in Western Ore.on, Lane County end nort'T.O.rd.
I .rvce a.p pcarec. first of 'ihay. Lo.anberries and raspberries
rcnerclly attacked."

ST?l2.D TS-EE CRIOKEET (Oec2nthus ni -ricorniz Wall. )

J. -. PaLmer (June 18). "EIn: punctures otaasior.ally obscrvcd
in Ulster County."

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18). 't conon in Caut, Coimti-.
ES'7-s are novw hatchin.'."


..... t- ,'-,"':;.?' pilosus Can. & Fanz.








*112-


T.O-SPOTTED OBEEA (Oberea bimaculata Oliv.)


ITG, York


H. U1. Fitch (June 18).
Albany County."


"A few observed on raspberries in


RASPBEMRY ROOT-GALL (Diastrophus tur'idus Bass.)


Teew York


1.1. D. Leonard (May 9).
from Tully."


"Galls of this insect were received


Oregon


1Ker.' York


,:'. York


SPITTLE LTSECTS (Cercopidae)

A. L. Lovett (June 17). 'Sari-lcs of blighted loganberry
tips received- from :!arion County. The cane above the point of
attack w/as bli.htcc. and dead; reported as fairly prevalent
over a limited area."

VWHITE GRUB (Phvllophap:a tristis Fab.)

J. B3. palmer (Kay 17). "Reported from 'iarlboro, Ulster Coun-
ty, as causing severe .iwac to the foliL-c by the beetles
fcodinrr during, the nig.ht. As many as three to four of the
beetles could be found at the base of each hill in the top
inch of soil."


BLACKBERRY

BED-KECKED CAITE-BOBER (Acrilus ruficollis Fab.)

C0. R. Crosby (May 23). "Injury to blackberries reported
from Luzerne."


CURRANT
CRA APH (zus ribis L, A N T
CUIUAI.TT APHIS (71,'yus ribis L,)


New York


P. J. Parrott ("ay 28).
uous damage at Geneva."


"I have seldom observed more cnspic-


L. F. Strickland (June 18).
agara County."


"Present in small numbers -in Ni-


F. Z. Hartzell (June 18). "Rather common in Chautauqua County

0. R. Crosby and assistants report this insect as unusually
abundant and injurious in Orleans, Ulster, Genesee, and Al-
banwT Counties. ....


J. J. Davis (June 15).
species this year."


"The currant aphid has been a common


Indiana














iTeo' York





-T. brca s]a




~.cO, York




New York







.e, -. York





i e'-7 York



Indiana











Louisiana


0irORTZjD C7;?i-.,'T "JC (--ironid r ^ibCi Scop.i

C. R. Crosby C'. o:. 'ss.istarts re-ort t this insect 2as uitC ab -
dant 2rind dest.uctive in I.L-y, Jstor, EYssaO, Ci:l..ns, ind
Ce nescQ Counties.i"

P. Z. Hartzell (June 18). "Cormmon in Chaut2uqu Count-.'

.lyron H. S2cj-ik (:y 10). ":cn,, injuries about :n-, I0 7c.
promised to bo qujvite inju-ious this s'-

S'.IVE CUIfO i7.EiL /0PJ: (E.-... v'c. s ? ._ c atus Ir'.rti )

'. Z. Hca.rtzoell (J'-,.-- 18). "CoiCTnon rc.' dcstr-tictive in some
plantings in CT-..tu-.';.un. County."

CUR0UAi!? ST --1I-.,. (Janus integer Norton)

J. B. Palmer (JunIc 18). "Observed in sn-ll numbers in 3-
eral plantin-s in 'lste:r Colinty.

D. V. Rivcnburig (Juno 18). "Somfe observed in Colunbie QOouJ-
ty."

POUR-LIMED -.'.P.-BL"G (Po.,loc'c -cs li>; tJ Pab.)

C. R. Crosby and assistarcts re-'ort this insect as being fair-
ly numerous in 0rloans, Ulster, ?c.i-.:i:s and -'.yne Counties.

F. Z. F2rtz-cll (J-nmc 16). "'Plntiful in a few plantings in
Orleans County."
CU' :[ T BORER (3.SL-' ti..'lifr .is Lierck)
G. E. Smith tJune 18). "'lcntifiJ in a L f;l pa:tin:s in Orl:e7ns
Co." E L D E 322 Y
.-'K--, L. 1 1q "; -.' l t. F' b. )

H. P. Dietz (Juoe 15). "The foar-lined pL'.nt-bu?: -.'as foird
abDunlainr in the vicinity of acon's 'L..p doin7 its chracter-
istic C --'e to various !eeds, s ach as !'.-. ock and eldc1erberry.
So far no reports of its dam-0o to currants or 2:.xy Ceren-
nials have been received by this off ice.'


P 1 C .A N

PAUL 1! /I'.' A (^ -;.~r5crun.- ry

J. C. Bridv-ell (Jure 20). "Pecan orc'-.-ds betvreen !aton
Rouwe and K No-' Crl.- -*s were noticed as bein0 entirj.l ':leton-
izc 1 by this insect. Siil.r carie also n-ot-ed to ;.illo.s.
LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD


'113-l





-114-


New York


Deo aware


ITeov/ York


-Tcr., Yorl:


GRAIE PLUI MOTH (0::t Is periscelidactvlus Fitch)

C. R. Crosby anid assist2--its report the 12rv.e as injuring
cra:es to a slip'ht extent at Ithica; doing considerable
dc;,, e i;n a y in ,my vineyards in Ulster County; present
in snall nurnbrs in Columbia, Orange and Tia nra Counties."

F. Z. Hartzell. "Have not observed this insect this j .:r in
Ch'at-:.uqu. County."


"About as numerous as usual at


EIGHT-SPOTTED FC.ZSTER (Alypia octornm2aculata Fab.)

E. R. Bird (-ay 51). "Captcred a moth at Ponda."

C. 0. HoL'hton (June 5). "Observed this insect ovipositing
at 2 p. m, in bright sunshine, E.rs were ap?.rcntly laid on
the vine, not on the leaves. C'bsLrvation trade at Tc,;-.rk."

GRAPE-BEPRY MiOTH (Polyclirosis viteana Clem.)

F. Z. Iihrtzcoll (June 18). "Larv.c now 'wordlcin in the grace
clusters in CLa't:u.l.*a County. Usually scarce in this county."


GPAPE Zk7,:'P2ER (Erythroneura comes Say)


Tc'%,: York


Ohio


l7ebraska


C. RI. Crosby and assistants (Junce 14) report that nymphs
rcre first observed in Ulster County. (June 18) Heavy infes-
tation in Co1u-nbia Cc.rnt- in which county the adults were
very numerous on lMay 28. Adults also numerous in Orange Coun-
ty on this date.

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18). "Pather scarce in eastern part of
Chautauqua County, but comrioni in the western part. Nymphs
and adults both present."

L. F. Strickland (MIay 28). "Of minor importance this year in
NiaCara County. (June 18) About half as abundant as usual;
the worst infested leaves having only from 10 to 15 hoTocrs on
each."

G. A. Runner (Mafey). "Grape leafholers unusually abai-dfnt in
all sections of the northern Ohio 'rape belt. The [morgcnce
from hibernation cor .encod during the viarm weather of March.
The v/eiather was Lunus..all- mild."

I. H. Swenk (Jiunc 15). "G;rapc leaf o:;-rrs put in an appear-
anco abun.'n.tly early in Ju e in so-c localities in the State."


C F.o 0ou^ .ton (June a).
'iLc.Trk.e'







-115-


BOSE-CIL.FLPI (>: .croCactvTlas subspingosus Fab.)
H. T. FcrnalC'. (June 23;. 1.- ,o-cfX -s arc .-asuaslly abun-
dant and are coin- som. injury to i:,:-.'-- fI.,.it trees, S-) ll
fruits, ^ra-a, an! roscs."

R. A. 7c'n Iftcr. 'Doi-v- consic.2rablc a;. in some sections
in thle -stern i7'rt of t:-;- State."


E. R. Farrar (June I-).
Lincoln."


Connecticut


iTew York




Ohio




Indiana








iD'-.' York


,:.' York



Indiana


"AbtuIa:nce about as usual in South


:1. P. Zappe (June 24). '_.ctically the entire crop of
rapeOs ruinecd in a four-acre vine-ard at E:.:.ci' .-a

C R.B Crosby and assist:-:.ts report this insect as serious in
a fev vineyards in Ulster, >assau, Columbia, Clinton, anLd
Onondaga, Counties, as quitc scarce in Chautauqua Conity,
and not observed in Lia22Z" Count"-.

H. A. Gossard (.Juze 23). "The rose beetle hfs bee'n z.ore
absudant tlis seson last. e Iv ... ro.. b 1:Scbl
rmore inquiries about it this season than 1f 0 si- or s'vc-L
years past."

J. J. Davis (June 151. The rose t Itle ha.s been unusually
abrnd. .it and has been report-d froia places in the south-
.Vestern ende of t-,-c State-
estern en of t"c State (vansvillo ) to the extreme north-
eastorn end (Anola L It w-as re _ortedc c.... "'inc; ,rapC and
corn, also a report of death of yourcr chickens from catinr
these beetles."

.^*j^^Q^'^(Fjdia_, yiticidr. .iash)

D. V. Rivcnbur3 (June 1IC). "Prcscnt to a slight extent in
Coluunbia County."

F. Z. Hartzl (Junec 1C). "Indications are tlt -.:c -ill mhave
a serious infecst tion of this insect in C:2, -.tL.. County.
Adults boean to emcrg-e Junec 16."

G-APE FLEA-BEETLE (VAltica chal:,vta 1lli'.)

P. Z. Hartzell (Jue 18). "1Ver-y scarce in Clautlu ua Conmty.
Larvae are now on the loaves. 7To reports of injury tjtis
season.

H. F. Dietz (June 15) "One insect -:hich v a.s ab..n.. a;t last
yar but which seems to be on the decline th is year is t]e
grapevine fla-boetle. Last year durin'- thc :-nt
large nunber of calls rogcarding this insect x7cr' receiv d,
but this past month only a do:en inquiries hayve bcn ..n-c.
Field inspections &urin' the :.ont] e.vc also failed to sLow
this insect as abuln&nt as it ./as list. year."















llex.' York


FOUR-LARITED LEAF-BEETLE (Cryptocephalus 4-miaculatus Say)

Jo Be Palmer (Juno 7). "One adult collected on Co:icorc. -ra 'e-s
at 2iilton."


GRArEVIiT APHIS (MIacrosilphum illinoisensis Shim.)


a'o- st
Virginia

Indiana


"Observed attacking grapes in Ror-me


D. H. Quest-1 (J"ne 1).
County."


J. J. Davis (June 15). "'Tii grape aphis is one of t 3 sp:cics
most corrnonly brought to the attention of this office and
which will be a serious pest this year from indications dur-
ing the last half of T2T."

GFAPE BLOSS21 MIDGE fonrt?riri job-nsori Slip_.)


liew York


,' York


D. V. Rivenburg (June 18).
bia County."

L. F. Strichland (June 18 ).


"Scattering infestation in Colum-


"Scarce in Fiagara County."


F. Z. Hartzoell (June 18), "A few observed; larvae have now
gone into soil. Lost :"rr.pes have blossomed by this time.

SNG. TPREE CRICIMT (Oecar.thus niveus DeG.)

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18). '"Ds found occasionally on grape
le!ives in -Chaut:xuqua County."


C I T R U S

CITRUS IiEALYBUG (Pseudococcus citri Risso).


Jeff Chaffin (June 6). ":luch more abund-nt than usu-1 t
Orlando. 5 per cent of thc mealybugs were destrorcd ly
Laetilia coccidivora. Owvingto dry spring (June 8) roalfbn":o-
are doing a large amount of damage throughout tlh. citrus
belt. Complaints are comir: in every day from all ovcr the
citrus sections.

Wilmon Newell (June 20). "Much more abundant than usual at Lalo
Wales; 5 per cent of the mealybugs were destroyed by
Laetilioi coccidivor: .-


Florida









-117-


South
Carolina



Texas






South
Carolina


SOUTHERN FIELD-CROP INSECTS

COTTO:J

COTTON BOLCL V,rVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)


G. 'I. Anderson ( :ay I3)." Distribution wide in the coastal
counties; specimens have been sent in from many of the other
counties."

1i. C. Tanluary (June 18)." Reports from various sections
of the State indicate bolt weevil infestcation to be very
much heavier than usual at this tirie of tl-e ar. A large
percentage of the earlier squares are being punctured."
CORn! RCOT-APIS 'no-" M i .-rdicis Forbes)


C. MlcLaurin (MFay 5)- Local distribution in Marion County;
injury not serious."


G.'IDEII SLUG ( Asriolir.:ax agrestis L.)


North
Carolina


Franklin Sherr:an ( MIay 16) One cor.-plaint indicating injurious
abundance to young cotton pants in the coastal. rcegion"


V'IiTa GRPUB ( Phy''.op7vga lanecenlataSjay)


Texas


M. C. Tanquary ( June 3.8) Adults reported. as occurring in
iLn.oLnse numbers and doing serious d&ia.e to cotton in VIilliamson
County."









-118-


TOBACCO


SOUTHERN GREEN PLAT-BUG ( Nezara viridula L.)

F, L. Chamberlin ( June 18) During the early part
of June shade tobacco-about Quincy was rather severely
damaged by this insect."

XMMN1 COTTON BUG ( Euschistus serves Say)

F. L. Chariberlin (June 18) This pentatofid was very
prevalent on shade-grown tobacco at Quincy."


CU [T'OM.5


South
Carolina


C. McLaurin ( April 20). Local distribution in Marion
County; serious injury."

CORRECTION

In the last number of the Bulletin the crediting to
T. C. Barber of the discovery of Aclerda sp. as
attacking sugar-cane was a mistake; the discovery
should have been credited to E. R. Barber.


Florida


Plorida









TRUCK CROP INSECTS


POTATO AND TOMATO

SEED-CORN MAGGOT (Hylemyia ciliorura Rond.)


Maine



Massa-
chusetts


New York





Maine


New York







New
Jersey


Delaware


West
Virginia

South
Carolina


Edith M. Patch (June 16) "Complaints farther south in the State are
coming in concerning root-maggots, especially in underground stems of
bean plants."


H. T, Fernald (June 23) "The seedscorn maggot has not appeared in re-
planted onion fields-%'

H. C0 Huckett (May 28) "Maggots have been found in a few plantings of
potatoes but not in sufficient numbers to cause much loss in Nassau
County. (June 18) Present in all stages.,

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa.. decemlineata Say).

Edith M. Patch (June 16) "Colorado potato beetles numerous and egg-
laying."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 27) "Beetles now depositing eggs at
Eden. (June 10) Eggs are now very numerous but no larvae have yet been
observed. (June 11) Many eggs have now hatched in Orange County.
(June 14) Eggs numerous. First observed to have hatched today. Egg
laying in full sway in Wayne County, Geneses, Nassau, Albany, Onondaga,
Orleans, Seneca and Suffolk Counties, causing considerable injury to
early planted fields in Onondaga County. -


D. E. Fink (June 7) "Abundant this year and doing its usual amount of
damage. "

W. C. Newton (May 14) "Very abundant and doing much damage at Bridge-
ville. (May 19) "Eggs now very abundant."

J. F. Adams (June 3) "Larvae very abundant at Bridgeville."


B. H. Questel (June 1) "Normal outbreak at Spencer in Roane County."


C. L. Baxter (April


T. H. Parks


) "Widely distributed over Beaufort region."

) "Unusually abundant in many sections of Ohio."


H. A. Gossard (June 23) "Is more numerous than we expected this season.
They were comparatively scarce last year but must have hibernated in
excellent condition, judging from the number that are now in sight."










-1? 0 .


Wisconsin


South
Dakota

Nebras ka


Missouri


liassa-
chusetts

New York


S. B. Fracker (June 24) "Best reporters nearly all state that potato
beetles are unusually early, active and common throughout the State."


H. C. Severin (May 23) "'Just emerging from winter quarters at Brookings'

M. H. Swenk (Hay 21) "B-egirning the fourth week in May, the Colorado p.
tato beetle has made a. considerably amount of spraying of potatoes nec
essary."

L. Haseman (June 15) "On June 14 adults of the second generation appear.
ed at Columbia far less abundant than usual and doing practically no
damage."


POTATO FLEA-BEETLE (Epitrix cucumeris Harr.)


R. A. Van Meter (June 17) "Numerous throughout the State."

E. P. Felt (May 25) "F. J. Rose, of Geneses County, reports that a
small black flea-beetle is pretty numerous on tomato plants at South
Byron."


Roy Latham (June 1) reports this insect as more abundant on potatoes and
other crops than last year at Orient. These flea-beetles first
appeared on May 21 in large numbers, fields near woods suffering the
most. "

L. F, Strickland (June 11) "Injury very severe in Niagara County to ear-
ly potatoes." (June 22) "I have never seen more serious injury even in
late season than is being produced by these insects."

3F. Z. Hartzell (June 18) "Have not observed this insect in Chautauqua
County. It must be very scarce."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 11) "Abundant on young plants in Or-
leans County. So far, the most injurious pests to potatoes this season
in Nassau County. Still destructive on new foliage at Ithaca, Tompkins
County. June 18, some damage but not serious to potatoes in Onondaga
County; considerable damage to tomatoes in this country. Not serious
in Nassau County. Numerous in Geneses, Orleans, Seneca, Ulster, Albany
and Wayne Counties. "

New Jersey D. E. Fink (June 7) "The potato flea-beetle is very abundant the present
year and is doing very noticeable injury."


De lawvare

Nebraska


J. F. Adams (May 27) "Doing considerable damage at Newark."

I. H. Swenk (May 21) "Reported doing its characteristic injury tc potato
foliage from several counties."









THREE-L:NED PCTATO 7-7":2? 'c..'.-, trilineata Oliv.)

New York H. C. Huckett (June 18) "Adults observed in Nassau County."

POTATO APHTS (Macrosiphum solanifolii Ashm.)

faine E. M. Patch (June 16) "I have had this insect under observation here
this spring. It is still abundant on rose. Lady beetles and syrphid
maggots rather plentiful. Parasitic mites also feeding on this aphis.
If I should judge, we must be a month behind the Long Island schedule.
Potatoes only about 4 inches above ground and still being hilled."

!onnecti-
'ut M. P. Zapp:. (June 20) "Present in small numbers at Hamden."

few York C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 15) "H. C. Huckett reports potato
aphis appearing in Nassau County (Telegraphic reports sent to New Eng-
land States and Pennsylvania)."
(June 20) "Both pink and green nymphs found in Nassau County. Numbers
are becoming serious but no damage done as yet,"
(June 21) "A few lice found in a large field at Riverhead, L.I."
(June 25) "Becoming more noticeable daily on plants. Appeared first
on blossom shoots but have notmigrated to the under sides of leaves in
Nassau County."

iw Jersey D. E. Fink (June 7) "The potato aphis is making its first appearance
and bids fair to become injurious by the end of the month. The weather
conditions have been extremely favorable for its increase during the
past two weeks."

ast
Lrginia E. C. Sherwood (May 25) "Very few found at Keyeer in Mineral County."

P. W. Dayton (May 31) reports the first appearance at Thomas, Tucker
County, about 4 percent of the plants being infested.
(June 4) "Very few in numbers at Fairmont, Marion County."
(June 7) P. W. Dayton reports about 25 percent of the plants are in-
fested at Thomas, Tucker County.
(June 14) "Potatoes have been sprayed twice in this county."
(June 21) E. C. Sherwood reports heavy infestation reduced by a heavi
rain at Wheeling in Ohio County."

APPLE LEAFHOPPER (Empoasca mali)LeBaron)

io T. H. Parks (June 1) "Adults commenced migrating to potatoes about Juno
1; a few nymphs present June 17."

sconsin J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 10) "Leafhoppers have swarmed to the fields,
heavily infesting all potatoes and beans at Madison, Dane County.",

COMMON STALK-BORER _

SYork H. C. Huckett (June 25) "Serious injury reported in one patch in Nassau
County."


-121-








-122-


Vest
Virginia


W. E. Rumsey (June 6) "Correspondent reports normal outbreak of this
insect at Lumberport, Harrison County."
(June 12) "Correspondent reports serious outbreak at Cairo, Ritchie
County."


CORN EARWORM (Chloridea obsoleta Fab.)


Florida


S. B. Walker (June 1) "I ore abundant than usual. Two percent of the
crop has been damaged at Florida City."


Massa-
chusetts




New York


West
Virginia


Ohio


CABBAGE

CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemyia brassicae Bouche)


W. F. Thompson (May 15) "Much more abundant than usual in the Boston
district, as high as 50 eggs to a plant, retarding all growth, with a
few plants lost in best gardens/ Growers experimenting with tarred
felt disks and nitrate of soda."

P. J. Parrott (May 28) "Radishes seriously infested. Cabbages begin-
ning to show injury during the past week at Geneva."
(June 11) "Dry weather and maggots have severely attacked cabbage
seedlings. There is a marked contrast between treated and untreated
plats."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 28) "Exceedingly destructive at Eden.
Reports from Nassau County indicate that there was a serious loss dur-
ing April to plants set in the field but the cold rains and cool temp-
eratures did more for saving the crop than any amount of treatment.
In a good many places the plants are living on secondary roots which
have taken the place of the tap root which was destroyed; doing con-
siderable damage in Orleans County."
(June 15) "The growers say they have never seen the destruction by the
cabbage maggot as severe as it is this year. In :Vr..1 of the fields
one-third of the plants are already gone and the maggots are still at
work. In some spots in these fields the maggots get away with over
half the plants at Eden."
(June 18) "Numerous in seed beds in Wayne County. Destructive to early
plantings in gardens in Orleans County, also numerous in Albany and
Nassau Counties."

F. C. Hartzell (June 18) "Not common in Chautauqua County."


E. C. Sherwood (June 21) "Turnips, cabbage and radishes, about 30 per
cent infested at Wheeling, Ohio County. Turnips most seriously injur-
ed, maggot being followed by a soft rot."

H. A. Gossard (June 23) "The cabbage maggot is the subject of very fre-
quent inquiry, though early radishes about Wooster were less troubled
than usual by this insect."




4 4,


.123 .
ndiana J. J. Davis (June 15) "The cabbage maggot has been very abundant and de-
structive in the northern half cf Indiana. Absolute control has been ob-
tained by two arpp lications oi keroserne sublrte solution in our tests at
Ft,. Wayne and H-rLnmond. Dusts contai-.ir., i le'rcert kerosene sublimate wer
also effective."
Oregon L. P. Rockvood ,,(TJune 11) '"Mre abundant than itual at Forest Grove Many
complaint hate Fores Gfrove.
complaints haDve C 3^ L.jeni.s and c,.n, fr.-m a poultryman where
S.* maggote were attackir-n; ...' *"
.' -.b< l **'.& a L ov t (Jvn *. ",- -*z * ', .'
A. L. Lovett (r ) "Tijurirsly abundant, p Leioasl Y'b the avsir&i-el.
everyhere and doing serious injury,


I.'P.jR'rTD CAPIAG, WOP:.' (Pontia ra ae' L.)


rk C. R_. Crosbyand assistants (ray 28] t'This insect is fair) abundant at
Ithaca,g-some' .arae .i r,.'ly hz--.thhd, other s about -o: .e-half inch long.'
(June 18) "Coracon bu+t not dztru-,- e;-,, f-ounid ina -'.- in Nassau
County; not numerous in Orleans County. -A few butter-4 lies observed in
Niagara County." .


New York


CABBAGE APHIS (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

P. J. Parrott .(June 22) "Very abundant in seed beds at Geneva, where it is
causing much damage."


H. C. Huckett (June 18) "Becoming abundant aind destructive in certain
fields in Nassau County. (June 25) Becoming daily more noticeable in seed
beds."

G. E. Smith (June 18) "Numerous in a few garden plantings in Orleans Coun-
ty. ,'

Nebraska M-. H.Swenk (June 1) "Injury by the cabbage aphis began about June I."

HAPiRLEQUI' CAPAGE BUG (1ujaItia _istrionica Huhn)

Webraska ,. H. Swenk (Nay 18) "Injurious activity noticed as eafly as May 18."
-".' ED F LF-.**TL. 0 Ph-',' ta b. .
W L
VT'PE D F L EA -B Er P1E (Pf~tep itata- Fakb'.)


New York


New York


E. P. Felt (May 30) "A. L. BrovPer reports this insect as attacking cruci-
fers more generally than other vegetables, causing an estimated damage
amounting to ,30 percent in Madison Gccuncy.'1

CABBAGE SEFD WEEVIL (Ceut-rhbni'.us quadridens Panz.)

T. H. Vogel (June 11) "Considerable d;r,.'e done this season to the cabbac
seed crop at Mattituck. Larvae now pupating and a few adults have been
found ."


New -Yo






-124-


STRAWBERRY

STRAWBERRY WEEVIL (Anthonomus signatus)Say)


Massa-
ohusette


New York


Delaware


Oregon


New York


R. A. Van Meter (June 17) "Increasing in abundance in the Dighton
district of Bristol County."

D, B. Rivenburgh (June 18) "Serious on certain farms in Columbia Coui
ty."
J. B. Palmer (June 18) 4Abundant on William Belts everywhere in Ulstt
County. Other varieties are comparatively free."

J. F. Adams (April 13) "Damaging 3 percent of the crop at Greenwood."

STRAWBERRY CROWN-GIRDLER (Otiorhynohus ovatus)L.)

A. L. Lovett (June 17) "Childs reports from Hood River that this in-
sect is spreading to new plantings. Damage is considerable, the yisl
having been cut out from 20 to 50 percent."

STRAWBERRY FLEA-BEETLE (Altica ignita Illig,)

G. E. Smith (June 18) "Very abundant in Orleans County,"


WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga Sp.)


New York


New Jersey


Nebraska


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 18) "Reported as doing slight amoum
of damage in Albany and Columbia Counties."

ABBREVIATED WIREWORM (Cry tohnus abbreviatus Say)



ROSE-CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus) Fab.)

D, Et Fink (June 7) "The rose-chafer is now doing injury to the leavr
of strawberry, and because of the fact that the crops are being har-
vested at the present time, it is impossible to experiment with spree:
on the leaves. It has also been observed feeding, on the blossoms of
string beans. Very abundant this year."

STRAWBERRY LEAF-ROLLER (Ancylis co pt"n.& FfOoA)l,

Me H. Swenk (May 21) "During the fourth week in May there was oonsid
erable injury by the strawberry leaf-roller in Douglas, Washington,
York, Boyd and other Counties of eastern Nebraska."

OBSOLETE-BANDED STRAWBERRY LEAF-ROLLER (Arohips obsoletana Walk.)

D, B, Rivenburgh (June 18) "Nol important this ybar in Columbia Coun















Nebraska


F. Z. Hartzell (June 18)"A few present but not common. Larvae nearly full
grown in Chautauqua County."

STRAWBERRY CROWN-MIR ( INER...)

M. H. Swenk (May 15) "Another new pest found for the first time in the
State this spring is the strawberry crown-miner (Anarsia lineatella of au-
thors) which during April and early May did such damage to some strawberry
beds in Saline County by boring into and hollowing out the crowns of the
plants. Some patches were completely killed and had to be dug out."


Tarnished Plant-bug (Lygus pratensis'L .)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 18) "Adults numerous and destructive in
a few plantings in Albany and Orleans Counties."


STRAWBERRY ROOT-LOUSE (Aphis forbesi Weed)


New York


D. B. Rivenburgh (June 18) "A few present in Columbia County."


EARLY STPATB7RRY SLUG (Empria fragariae 'Roh.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 14) "The early strawberry slug began serious injury in
southern Nebraska on this date and promises to be quite injurious this
spring."


GARDEN SLUG (Agrioli'ax agrestis L.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 21) "Reports of injury to strawberries by the slug were
also received."


ASPARAGUS

ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris asparagiL-.)


Massa-
chusetts H. F. Thomas (May ) "More abundant than last year in the Boston dis-
trict. The season earlier than usual."

Connecti-
cut W. E. Britton (June 23) "LIore abundant than usual around New Haven."

New York E. P. Felt (June 6) "Asparagus beetle grubs were somewhat abundant and
full-grown at Nassau."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 28) "Beetles abundant and egg-laying com-
mon at Ithaca. (June 2) Beetles damaging the plants much more seriously
than last year at Lackavranna. (June 18) reports from several localities
in Columbia County. Larvae now feeding on the leaves in Chautauqua Coun-
ty. Eggs, larvae and adults present in Nassau County. Present in small
numbers in Vayne County. (June 25) Reported as injurious in Nassau Coun-
ty."

Indiana J. Z. Davis (June 15) "Asparagus beetle has been quite abundant in ncrt-.-
western Indiana."








Tisc onsin



Dragon


New York


Alabama


C.L. Fluke (June 4) "Beetles appeared earlier this year than usual, in-
juring the earliest cuttings. Fifty percent of the crop unmarketable
and nearly every stalk injured in southern Wisconsin.'

A. L. Lovett (June 17) "Introduced into the trucking sections of Multno-
mah County in 1919. Has spread steadily and injury has increased. Now
very serious throughout the trucking sections adjacent to Portland. Eggs
and beetles received from May 20 to June 6."

12-SPOTTED ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Crioceris 12-punctata L.)

C.R. Crosby and assistants (June 18) "Present in small numbers in Tompkins
Ulster and Nassau Counties."


BEANS

MEXICAN BEANBEETLE (Epilachna corrupta-Muls.)


W. E. Hinds (June 2) "Second generation now starting and heavy damage in
prospect. The species has been found recently in a number of localities
in northwestern Georgia and at 11 miles north of Chattanooga, Tenn., be-
side a few other places a short distance outside of the 1920 known in-
festation in Alabama."


J. E. Graf (June 19) "Have found infestation in Jackson and Morgan Coun-
ties. (June 26) Infestations found in Fayette, Marion and Winston Coun-
ties."

Georgia J. E. Graf (June 21) "Additional area infested includes Carroll, Catoosa,
Cherokee, Douglas, Gordon, Murray and Whitfield. (June 26) Infestation
found in Dawson, Fannin, Lumpkin and Pickens Counties."


Tennessee



Kentucky


New York


Alabama


South
Carolina


J. E. Graf (June 21) "Infestation found in Cumberland, Grundy, Marion,
McMinn, Polk, Rhea and Roane Counties.- (June 26) Infestation found in
Hamilton, Coffee, Franklin, Lincoln, Loudon and Monroe Counties."

J. E. Graf (June 30) (telegraphic dispatch) "Sitton reports beetle one
mile east Jellico Creek Whitfield County Kentucky."

BEAN WEEVIL (Bruchus obtectusSay )

L. F. Strickland (June 18) "One case of severe infestation of seed beans
observed in Niagara County."

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18) "Common in Chautauqua County."

BEAN LEAF-BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata' Forst.)

W. E. Hinds (June 2) "Very abundant and generally distributed throughout
the State."


CO7WPFA CURCULIO (Chalcodermus aeneus' Boh.)


A. F. Conradi (May 19) "Sent to this office from Bethune, S. C."






-127-


APPLE LEAFHOPPER (Empoasca mali*LeB.)

aisconsin J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 10) "Apparently more abundant than usual at Madi-
son."

PEAS

PEA APHIS (Illinoia pisi Kalt.)


assa-
.husetts




Jew York


iew York


Oregon


H. F. Thompson (May _) "In early spring the aphis seemed to be abundant
on most crops that they usually attack. Their progress has been less
rapid than anticipated but ladybugs are getting better control than in
1920."

C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 11) report this insect as abundant in
Nassau County. (June 18) Present in small numbers in Wayne County.
(June 25) Becoming more noticeable daily in Nassau County.

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18) "Common in Chautauqua County."

GARDEN FLEAHOPPER (Halticus citri Ashm.)

F. Z. Hartzell (June 18) "Present in very small numbers in Chautauqua
County."


MYRIAPODS (Scutigerella sp.)


A. L. Lovett (June 17) "Symphylids abundant in gardens during late May and
up to the present time. Distribution is general. It may attack all kinds
of sprouting seed, being particularly partial to peas and beans. Growing
plants also suffer injury."


CUCUMBER

STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)


'iew York






Jest
Virginia


Ohio





[ndiana


C. R. Crosby and assistants (June 10) "Heavy losses reported on two farms.
The entire planting was destroyed by the beetles getting under the crusts
of earth and destroying the plants before they showed above ground at
Eden. (June 18) Beetles have become less numerous at Eden, considerable
damage being done in Columbia, Albany, Onondaga and Niagara Counties. A
few observed in Wayne and Nassau Counties."


W. E. Rumsey (June 10) "Correspondents report this insect as being abur.d-
ant at Roanoke."

T. H. Parks ( I)"Very bad this year. The calcium arsenate and
gypsum dusting mixture is being used successfully."

H. A. Gossard (June 23) "It seems to be quite abundant; in fact, is prob-
ably more numerous than in average years."

J. J. Davis (June 15) "The striped cucumber beetle has been abundant
everywhere in the State and has been effectively controlled by the use of






., -120-


calcium arsenate and gypsum.


Wisconsin



Texas


Delaware



Miss ouri


J. E. Dudley, Jr. (June 1) "Apparently a heavier infestation than usual.
First emerged adult seen on May 5; first seen in the field on May 22 at
Waupaca."

M. C. Tanquary (June 18) "Reported as being destructive to watermelons,
cucumbers and cantaloupes in Franklin County."
I
MELONS

STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)

J. F. Adams (June 3) "Beetles abundant, often a dozen to a hill. '.any
of the plants' i"; only the first true leaves killed. Damage estimated
at 5 percent at Houston."t

L. Hazeman and assistants (June 17) "The striped beetle for the past 4
*k has appeared in southeastern Missouri in the melon section in such
numbers as to threaten the crop. Dusting with nico-dust and arsenicals
h_- largely saved the commercial crop. At Columbia they arrived on
June 2 or 3, often 50 to a hill."


12-SPOTTED CUCLUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica 12*punctata Oliv.)

Alabama W. E. Hinds (June 2) "Very abundant in injuring melons, corn, etc."


Missouri


L. Haseman and assistants (June 16) "Corn root-warm reported from Cooper
County, also reported as serious in southeastern Missouri."


BANDED FLEA-BEETLE (Systena taeniata Say )


Missouri


L. Haseman (June 11) "Practically ruined gardens here on wheat stubble
land. Much more numerous than usual."


SQUASH LADYBIRD (Epilachna borealis Fab.)


Arkansas


W. J. Baerg (June 6) "The insect first noted on this date not very numer-
ous. This is the first time this insect has been found attacking crops
to any extent in this State."


COTTON APHIS (Aphis gossypii Glov.)


Texas


D. C. Palmer (June 24) "The Melon aphis appears to be unusually abundant
and has damaged the local melon crop at Uvalde from 50 to 75 percent."


SQUASH

SQUASH-VINE -BORER 1' satyrinif ormis) Hnim.)


.:orth
Carolina


Franklin Sherman (May 10) "The first adult of the season noted on young
squash plants today."






-129-

TIRT'77P CUC ER BEETLE (Dia1:roticaz vJ.ttta Fab.)

Wisconsin J. E. Dudley, Jr. (Jurne ) "Very hea-y 4nf-st-Tinn. .avy duts of sev-
eral kind* firll,2y rrp.l'ed or d3Jtr thte .a torihty oi toe ee lI."I

Delaware J. F. Adams (June 3) "Considerable folia-e injury at Houston."



OmWO IV,7GGOT ( ,-ia Psnti+.qjia Meig.)
New York C. R. Crosby andI -,?'- ..
New York Cd R. Crosby and1 a.siF.tas (Jun -) report tPis infe t as doln? rather
serious injury in th i-:- ..h .. i i of Ci '- ti' ?,,nity. Pr!:: nt in
less destrnctu-.ro nurc3rs in N:;3,;:,.u, r; and OrIange Counties."

Oregon A. L. Lovett (JTune 6) "'any complaints being received from onion growers
in V'ashi gou Ccunity.'*

C0IT:NTHRIPS (hripE tazajci Lind.)

Massa -
chusetts H. G. Fernald (June 23) "Onion thrips is quite abundant in the Connecti-
cut Valley,."

New York "H. W. Fitch (june 18) "Quite numerous and causing some damage in Albany
County."


New York


New York






New York


New York


DARK-SIDED CU7r0ORM wU o^ ssr-ta narr.

C R. Crosby and assis-tan-4ts (June 19) rpo-.t seriou' injury in small
rsas in Or, - C,-unty. H-as stopped wor;-::.g alter destroyir several
acres at Williamson.

ZEBRA CATERPILLAR (Vaestra picta Hiarr.)

H. C. Huckett (June 14) "About half-grown caterpillars do.in. some damage
on small plantings."

BF.FTS & SPIr*CF

SPI!'ACH LFAF-1.: 'v-. (P -vya- 19sva3.i Panz. )

C. R. Crosby and ass.isants (Way 28) report ta', it is rapidly putting
an end to the fi"P' - 'r', >'-;\> of the ,z-',p ? N 's :;'u .. P.--t..
leaves mined -to u ca T! r' :; ... .... ... (J 13)
Slight damaro in. 3"1;. -- nd And rv Ccu-j. :. i'.n in .rde
plantings in Orleans CcurnLy. Oun- 2C) irezont i.n ai. b .Ues in. iacoaav
County.

RI IUP?-7~3

RHUBARB VT,7T.VTL (Lixus concavus Say)

J. D.Detwiler (":ay 28) "First specimen of the season found at Ihaca."








-130-


Indiana




New York




New York


J. J. Davis (June 15) "Has been reported as damaging;reported several
times from northern Iniaa.

PLANTAIN FLA.-BEETLE (Dibolia borealis V.)

J. D. Detwiler (May 28) "Fairly numerous and leaves riddled to a
slight extent at Ithaca.'1

WILLOW FLEA-BEETLE (2repidodera.. ..... ..

J. D. Detviler (May 20) "Damaging leaves to a slight extent at Ithaca."





-131-


New York


Connecticut


New York

West Virginia


Indiana


Wisconsin








Nebraska


FORESTS AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS

SPRUCE

SPRUCE GALL APHIS (Aieljes abietis Kalt.)

E. P. Felt (June 9). "Spruce cone Falls were fully developed
at Newark on June 8, and at Mt.Vernon on June 9. Some contained
adults and numerous young."

G. W. Herrick (May 28). "A number of spruce her.?s about
Ithaca are infested with the galls. TLese are just forming
and are numerous."

MAPLE

COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Puvinaqria vitis L.)

W. E. Britton (June 23). "Reported as attacking silver maple
at Stanford."

M. D. Leonard (June 10). "Trees infested at Bemus Point."

W. E, Rumsey (June 8X. "Reported as abundant at Buckhannon,
Upshur County. (June 12) Reported as serious in Martinsburg,
erkley Cgunty. (June 13 ) Normally abundant at Huntington,
VQ eLA 1 ouny.

H. A. Gossard (June 23). "Cottony maple scale has been more
abundant than has been the case for many years."

H. P. Dietz."Reports of maple scale have been received from
Anderson, Columbia City, Newcastle, Rochester, and parts of
Indianapolis."

F. N. Wallace (June 15). "Cottony maple scale is serious in
cities and towns this year, practically all of the reports
coming from.localities north of Indianapolis."

J. J. Davis. "Cottony maple scale has been reported as ex-
ceptionally abundant from almost every county in the north-
ern half of the State."

H. F. Wilson (Jmune 20). "After a period of three or four years
in which we have had very few reports on cottony maple scale it
is again ,r--aring in great abundance; so far this year injuries
do not IA--.) to be serious, probably due to the fact that we
have had cons iearable rain. However, it is to be expected that
a good im.r:, tr-es will suffer serious injury through the sucmer,
as this is al'.''ays the case when this insect is not held in
check by paras i tes."

M. H. Swenk. (June 15). "The shade trees at Hastings are reported
to have developed a local outbreak of the cottony maple scale
during June."








-132-


Npw York


WOOLLY MAPLE LEAF-SCALE (P 2iccc.)aer'l ..

E. P. Felt (June 5)."R-, E, Hor-sey reports that maple Fena:occus
occurs on a block an:.d one half of hard aaples in Mt. Vcrno-'x


TE3EAPIN "CALE (" '. rg.)


New York



West
Virginia

Ohio


Indiana


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants (Maq 30). "Hoavily infested twigs
collected at Elmira. (June 2) Tecs baiy irdcste&d. a;/ Middle-
town. (June 18) Trees badly infested in Chemtiu-, County.


W. E. R-mzey (June 11). "Reported from Wellsburg, Brook County."

H. A. Gossard (June 23). ".'7ple tr-,-?.n sc-le has been more
abundant %l'ani has been the case for x.x, y y-.ar ."



J. J. Davis (Jone 15). '?l rr-?ple Ch 3tophorus is one of the
species cost tno-.w.nb. to i atht.nrxiion of this office
and which 1.-L bco a vri.z. pest this year from indications
during the last h-lif of .y.'
SILVER MLAPLE LEAF-MINER (Phyllocptes ouadrines Shim.)

C. R. Crosby and assist, nts. (June 11)."Galls abundant on maple
leaves at Dallston Lake. (June 23) Leaves badly infested at
Watertown."


BAG-WORM (Th-r idopteryz e-phemeraeform-is Haw.)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 23). "Eggs just hatching at
Yonkers."


MPLE BORER (qlyc.yblus rcis Say)


New York


E. P. Felt (June 20) ." zur-Tarle -:?r adults were abroad at
Nassau on June 13, and at Sarat.oga on Jime 20. This is general-
ly a decidedly injriouas pest of r-.&- zaples thro-jghout the
6ity."


ELM

ELM. LEaF-BEETLE (Galerucella luteola Mull.)


New York


E. P. Felt (June 16). "R. E. Horsey reports that elm leaf-beetle
grubs, about one-quarter inch in length or less, were noted in
Rochester today."







-133..-


North
Carolina


Franklin Sherman (June 1)."First report of damage for this
season received today. Serious damage by this insect is
usually confinedto our up'er Aust-:2 Life Zone at elevation
of from 400 to 1,200 feet but not in the coast-i& plains or
in the mountaiz."


ELM BORER (Saperda tridentata Oliv.)


Nebraska


M. H. Swenk (May 15). "Reports of injury by elm borer indicate
considerable activity on the part of this destructive shade-
tree pest."


LM SCALE (Gossyparia sp gaa Mod.)


New York


C. R. Crosby and assist-nts (June 12). "Trees badly infestedfift.
Johnson City. (June 17) Bad infestation in North Ton:.wanda.
June 20) Infestation at Cayuga."

E. P. Felt. "R. E. Horsey reports that this insect has been
in Rochester for a number of years and is spreading slowly,
young appeared June 12."

WOOLY ELM APHIS (Eriosoma americana Riley)


New York


Charles Wille. "Trees infested at Liberty."


COC.KSCOMB ELM-G-LL (Colozha i.T=icola Fitch)


New York


M. D. Leonard (June 2). "Infested leaves received bearing
numerous galls from Liberty."


ELM. LEAF-MINER (Ealiofenusa ulmi Suni.)


New York


E. P. Felt (Jine 3) "n. E. Horsey reports that elm leaf-
miner is fairly common at Highland Park, Rochester."


ELM.BUCCULATRIX (?)


New York


E. P. Felt (June 3) "R. E. Horsey reports that this species
was found on elms in Highland Park, Rochester, some two years
ago; so far nothing has been seen of it this year."


BOXELDER.

BOXELDER APHIS (Chaitnphsrus nea-undinis Thomas)


Indiana


Nebraska


J. J. Davis (June 15). "Boxelder aphis isa common species this
spring."

M. H. Swenk (May 19). "On shade trees reports of injury were
received beginning May 9."








"134-


New York


PIT-MAKING OAK SCALE (Asterolecanium variolosum Ratz.)

E. P. Felt (June l). '11R. E. Horsey reports that golden oak scale
showed no life at Rochester today.


OA. FIG GALL (Biorhiza forticornis Walsh).


New York


M. C. Hammond (Jane 2), "Galls tery numerous in Orange Cournty.w


OAK SEED GALL (Andricus seminatorrHarris)


New York


M. D. Leonard (May 31). "Specimens received.from Woodstock."


GYPSY MOTH AND BROWNTAIL MOTH.
(Porthetria dispar L..and Thproctis chrysorrhoea L.)

Massachusetts L. C. Midgley (June 16). Infest&tion in Worcester County
much heavierthnd3st year; spraying is now being done."

ARBOR VITAE

ARBOR VITAE LEAF-MIUER (Argyresthia thuiella Pack.)

Connecticut W. E. Britton (June 23), "Have never noticed an outbreak of
this insect before. The adults have. emerged in swarms and
eggs have been laid and 're now hatching at New Haven."

MITES.


Arizona


Don C. Mote (May 7). Eighty trees out of 100 are infested on the
Capitol grounds at Phoenix."


PINE

PINE LEAF SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)


New York


E. P, Felt (June 21). "R. E. Horsey reports that pine leaf
scale is locally abundant in Highland Park, Rochester. nn
Pinus austriaca,P. Peuce (P. montana miughas.) On the 21st
of June young scales were ha'ltching on P. aristata in a warm
hollow."


SYCAMORE


North
Carolina


FALL WEBSORM (Mymhantria cunea Drury)

Franklin Sherman (May 30). "Nests becoming conspicuous at
Raleigh on sycamore."














-135-


Indiana


Louisiana


Indicftiops at present are that the fall webworm will be a
serious pest this cominW cvaier.

T, H. Jones (June 16). "fhere is an outbreakk of the webworm
in southern Lov.isiana. This is, .s far as I know, the first
serious outbr-eak since June, 1917. I do not have very
definite information regrO.Lg the area covered by this in-
festation, 'but it seems to iiidlude the territory bordering
on the river from Baton Rouge to a point about half way to
New Orleans and extndi-ig also to the south along Bayou Plaquemine
and Baycu Lafourche. The brood is not yet more than half grown
and the edaage not yet so noticeable as it will be in a few
days. Feel certain that it is the second generation that is
causing the damage at present.











-136-


West
Virginia


H. G. 8tSm (May 21). Report! b-a.t little decrease in number,
Treatbnout with bck.-lef 40 kill' only one fourth of the
aphi.c5, oii,; to t ,ie c', condition of the leaves."


BC" ....,L i... lT-Tf-G (LeMtocoris trivittatus Say)


Nebraska


M. H, &'-nl- (June ) '"Repo-r ts of iryxry by the common boxelder
pP..nf br begir.i.ng to-. bo r.c;eive1 on this date."


C, AV.FHOR

CAPHOR SCALE (Psedaonidia duplex Ckll.)


Louisiana


E, Baker (Junre 18) (Copied from Boston Transcript). "This pest
now covPrs ccns*dera?'`: : more than a square mile in the City of
Now Orleans, and has been found on 97 distinct varieties of
trees and shrubs. This estit:e.6eof the area covered by the
scl-le 'V3s Mcade by Professor Barber in April; other entomologists
Mow believe that it has covered rather more than two square miles.'


CATALPA


North
Carolina


Indiana


New York


New York


CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catal-pae Boisd.)

Franklin Sherman (rune 1). "One plant accompanied by a young
larva from Central section of the State was received today*

J. J. Davis (June 15). "The catalpa sphnix is very abundant
as it is every year in southern Indiana."

HICKORY

HICKORY. GALL APHIS (Phylloxera caryaecaulis Pitch)

C. R. Crosby (June 11). "Galls abundant at Ithaca."

SPRING AID FAL CAMERWORMS
(Pa.eacr5 t k'-:,. a.nd Also-phila pometaria Bar)

E. P. Felt (J'une 21). "1R. E. Horsey reports that cankerworms,
probably 'oth the spring and fall species, were very bad in
S::r.:, and I,4pl ewood Parks, in Roches ter, stripping the
hickories as cTll as feeding upon a number of other trees and
shrubs. The pests were also reported on oaks in Genesee Valley
Park."





-1!3';.

AGREE NH OU SE A I D 0 RN A'ME 1TT TA L PLANTS

BO ?7T : .....
H2MIfPIERIOAL 3CALF I rt 1:, :ori iTh)

New York, 1*M. D,. 2,eor'rd (J7:v7: "':- f'-;. -i Ouffc 'b, ndly infested
and suffering co-.-<;.dr.ci ]Dy A. the attack of this i:..ec.L."


CO0.:: ''LAR",: (C_ jJqj..if obsoleta ??b. )

Florida. S. B. Walker (:.Iny 28). '.'?Ah more nvT,-rous than uzI-,l at Florida
City. Fifty per cont of" the crop damged by actwl count. '

CART IOiN
RED SPIDMR (Tet .... \^s telrius X.5

Nevew Yorkc H. C. Huckett (June 16) 0Com.non in greenhouses in TTassau County.


CHMYSA1MTHTUM. GAI MIhCE (Jriatb-rov,', r ".'I-7.ea Loevw)

NTew York C. R. Crosby (>::y 26Y)o. 'Yo-;- lnts -t Dob's Ferry infested end
gro'.wth stunted."

Indiana H. F. Dietz (June 15). o h&iysantheyun nide is still an im"ort.rnt
pest in greenhaouses.'
III.AG
I I I Cl. ._
OYSTTR-ST4LI JCT7 (C.ov;7o 3_s ualmi L.)

New York E. P. Felt (Mcay 21). 1ur-. _Th 7- "orreyj repcrts t-at young scales
a-)eared today. The SctiR 7r-s .vi, bad s year as summer spraying
had been neglected. for -'s- p'st three years arn winter or spring
treatment had little effect,'

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "Serio)s pest of shade trees and ornamentals,
particularly in sa uthoern h31f of State. S.rTe on lilac began to
hatch at laFayette by May 23, at Pe,'-u on Ju-ie 3, and the first one
hatched at CGoshen in the e::trcm;o nort'iern e-.: of the State June 3.'

,I ,;:T' ID T,
Plusiod0ntA c.. _ss 1 r-)o.

:3w York J. T. N. Forbes (Juae i1). 1T-rvm j-j Iir,-us at t'-'eno '


C0BB->G2 3UTTEICTIy (_ta ........ )

York T D. leonard (June 19). "A safll t,+,t; t I,',. bzdly defliytr.

'y the lnrvae; two -pup cted ) bout 10 *U':,s y ine 'jttc. l.--


e-lercedC. today."







-138-


BEAN APHIS ( Aphis rumicis L.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "The nasturtium aphis is one of the species
most commonly brought to the attention of this office and which
will be a serious pest this year from indications during the last
half of May."

PALI
Pseudococcus nipae N1askell

Florida Jeff C:affin. (June 3). "All shrubs and ornamentals along the streets
of Fort M-'ers are covered with this miealybug. The honey dew and
sooty. moldihave ruined the appearance of all of the plants attacked,
which include luava, sopodilla, nf p.ilms. The city is now taking
steps to clean the -est."
o r:
PE 017'
ROSE-CHAFER (Macriodactylus subs-ainosus Fab.)

I'ew York E. P. F it (June 4). 'Rose beetle was noted at Rochester on June 4;
was not numerous enough to cuse much injury."

MILLIPEDES

New York 7. H. 'Vellhouse (May 29). "Girdlina peony stems ot the surface of
the ground at Ithaca. The plants fall over and die."

PHLOX

RED SPIDER (Tetranvchus telarius L.)


Ilow York. C. R. Crosby (June 16).

L. F. Stricklond (June 10
ITiagara County.'"


'Leoves badly infested at Deleran."

). "In normal numbers on phlox in


RHODODEI'DROI '20 nC I Leptobyrsa rhododendri oorv.)


New York


,a
E. P. Felt. "R. p. Hor-ey reports that rhododendron lace bug was
first noted in Highland Park, Rou-iester on this date. Some
winged ones being observed on June 12."
H. C. Huckett (June 15). "Injuring plants in Nassau Cotnty."


ROSE
1Cfi.: ."'HI,3 (Macrosiphumr osae L.)


Nlew York


G. t. 3..ith (liy 26).
'I. 7 It ('C ":* 21).


'bund.nnt on roses in Orleans County.
.c-y bad on rose bushes in Suffolk ,-'--, '


.1 j .Os":,,. I 'i ht- of r. ious s rcies o. r-ose, s-'iraea . .1i" ot e:
-.1 ;itz sec.x t,[ o.. .in: than usurl'.y -.-1ic-,tiful with on abu:.'-nace uf -i
uz o 1, .c -ic ., 'C


0.Uio








-139-

Indiana J. J. Davis "The rose aphis is one o the series most commonly
brought to the attention of this office and which will be a serious
pest this year from indictticns du:"ing the last half of May .

ROSE SA'.rLY (th-2, .r7 t- i O-' Fab.)

Delaware C. 0. Houghton (June 1). "Doing usual amount of damage at Icwark."

ROSE LE-'F BErL-; (-7_ _[." -nctillis Say)

Delaware 0. 0. Houghton (June 4). 'Th.ls species was first observed on T10y
23 at le.'erk. It n-,'-cars to be less abundant than usual this year."

Missouri. leonard Haseman (June 15). "I have never seen this slug so abunda*t
or so generally injurious to rose foliage."

ROSE L7AFHOPPER (Krnoa rose L.)

New York E. P. Felt (May 27). "ML. R. E. Horsey reports rose hoppers some-
wxn-jt abundant on roses at Rochester."'

J. B. Palmer (Miy 30). "Roses badly infested wherever observed in
Ulster County."
ROSE-CHAFER (Macrodactylus subs-oinosus Fab.)

New York C. R. Crosby (June 14). Injury reported from Oakfield."

Delavware C. 0. Houghton (June 1). "Very abundant and attacking o great va-
riety of plants at ITev.ark."

ROSE '7EEVIL (h-vjTichites hi.color Fab.)

I:ewv; York R. I.M-theson (June 10). "First beetles observed on this date;
numerous on rugosa roses."

OBLIQUE-BANDED IEAF-ROLLER (ArchJTps rosaceana Harr.)

New York E. P. Felt "Mr. R. E. Horsey of Rochester reports that rose
leaf-rollers were very numerous on perpetual roses."

SPIR. -.
SPIRAEA APHIS iAph-3 sirseccla P'tch)

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15). "The spiraea aphis is one of the species most
corTmonly brought to the attention of this office ar1i v'hich vil be
a serious pest this year from indications during the last half of ,I, 7.".




IJVt .W I J. Davis. i'i z-j-flo <'R r :;i,. o:.c e- t.^pe Us ,ie s :-16- t e o:;-
Tnonly bJ ,ou-'it to t*e -t ;) o.F t'- i o.- ice' --.' __e. _
....ious "cat t .: J in`ic tisr;s in tJ. 1 '- 7f
y<" T' v '










I S C E L L A NE OUS R E 7 H OU S S E C T S

CY'L _; "I7 ( -1rs r.e-1s _* tlliis B2nks.)


Indiana F. F. Dietz (June 15).
rest,


'erorts that this is an important greenhouse


-Y-_2- 'JZ-- -RI TFLY ( Tri le-r-,ies v-oorar.ior,=a, westw.)

InL-isoa .. F. nietz (June 15)., reports that this is an important greenhouse
-estlthis year.

q?.?.Z:,-::'J3Z E^.'P-ry (Phl'.-ct=e nia f-er.,p-slis 1.'abn.)

Indiana H. F. ietz (June 15). '5reer.L_'se lesf-tyer is an important pest
in re=u'-jses t-hs yr."

I NS EC T S A T T A G -: I '" G MA 1T A !D D OME S T I C AN IMA LS

S??--"-"'*?-*" ?L? (Ch o/ -^JeVN--i ?ab.)


Teras 3.


?






" _,- York


eras ~


C. Prof (.-,. ?:i. "- :-;?r of screv7-worm cases has been
c'?-.~i- bi3 ove nor-21 -.l t.e ....eth2r conditions ore very
faor.e -" '.-ec- lsses ,_.-r-- the reminder ofthemonth. The
lc:s in. c2If crop is at ,r:sonr a considerable item"

7 t 1-v.:(-.- f r" -An ir r ns )
C. '- -n. '#-e 7-"rnfly was =artsuall 7 abundant during the latter
.art of ta. ... and the first of' June, but the numbers have deoreasei
r'--i,^ d7;z''-j *e 3ast t-n weeks,"

H-S^-FlY (Kbanus ru-bescens Bellardi ;

C. 3ish-.o (Jrrne 28). "During the latter part of June adults of this
se-=ies were obser'.-ed in nmznbers rariim from 2 to 20 per animal near
the ri-7-rs in the vicir.nity of Uv2lde. L!r. ?2rman reports this fly
c =i-2- even more ac'-'--ant during the latter part of :.'sy and early
J'ine. -nt:hra --s been reported on a ferr r2nc'.,es in this district,
and this f I is 3set. c-I rat:-.er inti..tely associated -.Tith the
sprecd of this disease cnorz live stock."

1- D. Lecr--d (June 8). ,.uite co=-.n about Ithaca."

-'-'" Fla (.***lez irritans L.)

C. 3ishopc (J'-ne 28). The outbreak of fleas which has occurred
tC ..... '.he Derta states ri-ring the past two rmonths seems to be
subsidibis It least fe-.-.-er reports of armoyance are coming in. *'


IOS-- C:A?E (:!:cr-,dqct-:lus snbsninosus Fab.)

J. 2. Plner (J-.ne 18), reports that 15 chickens were killed from eating these
beetles in Ulster Coaty.








-141-

Indiana J. J. Davis (June 15)% "Reports of death of chicks from eating
these beetles have been received. -,

,AX MOTH (C-ollerin rellonelli L.)

New York Geo, A. Rea. (June 3). "Abundant in a badly neglected apairy. Moths
and caterpillars abundant. Combs of a number of colonies completely
destroyed where the bees had died out during the winter."

STINGING CITERPILLAR (Ilefalopygve opercularis S. & A.)

Texas F. C. Bishopp (June 28). "This stinging caterpillar which is of great-
er importance on account of the violent stings produced when man
comes in contact with it than to its injury to foliage of shade
trees, is present in considerable numbers in Dallas. .t this time
it is feeding largely upon hack&erry trees. Last year there was a
veritable scourge of this caterpillar in this and other north
Texas cities."
























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UNIVERSITY OF F-ORIDA


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