The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00146

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    The more important records for August
        Page 445
        Page 446
        Page 447
    General feeders
        Page 448
        Page 449
        Page 450
        Page 451
        Page 452
        Page 453
    Cereal and forage-crop insects
        Page 454
        Page 455
        Page 456
        Page 457
        Page 458
        Page 459
        Page 460
        Page 461
    Fruit insects
        Page 462
        Page 463
        Page 464
        Page 465
        Page 466
        Page 467
        Page 468
        Page 469
        Page 470
        Page 471
        Page 472
    Truck-crop insects
        Page 473
        Page 474
        Page 475
        Page 476
        Page 477
        Page 478
        Page 479
        Page 480
        Page 481
        Page 482
        Page 483
        Page 484
    Cotton insects
        Page 485
        Page 486
        Page 487
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
    Forest and shade-tree insects
        Page 492
        Page 493
        Page 494
        Page 495
        Page 496
        Page 497
        Page 498
        Page 499
        Page 500
        Page 501
    Insects affecting greenhouse and ornamental plants
        Page 502
        Page 503
        Page 504
        Page 505
    Insects attacking man and domestic animals
        Page 506
        Page 507
        Page 508
        Page 509
    Household and stored-products insects
        Page 510
        Page 511
        Page 512
        Page 513
    Back Cover
        Page 514
Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY


BULLETIN


Volume 18 September 1, 1938 Number 7


BUREAU OF

ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING



LIBRARY Y
7 ^AN pnj
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013


http'://archive .org/detai Is/insectl 938no7









INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. l1 September 1, 1935 7



THE iOR IiPC,-ORTA'T R2COrLS FOR AUGUST

The grasshopper situation remained unchangedc during August. Severe
damage was done in a number of places in the Plains States, and heavy migra-
tions into the Red River Valley of North Dakota may lead to trouble in that
region next years.

Heavy damage to sod and pastures by white grubs was reported frrm
northern New England and New York. These insects are reported from Virginia
and Trinessee attacking strawberries.

The Japan.ese beetle was excessively abun.-int at a number of points
in the regions that had become infested within the last few years.

The Asiatic garden beetle attroited considerable attention in the
vicinity of the District of Col'mbia.

An introduced weevil, Calomycterus sotarius Roelofs, was reported for
the first time from iassachusetts during the month. It has also been
found in the vicinity of Philadelphia.

Serious armyworm damage was reported from New England, the Middle
Atlantic States, southward to Virginia, and also from Minnesota, Oklahoma,
and Texas.

The fall armyworm became troublesome in the corn canner:- sections
of .ainc, and a heavy infestation of this insect occurred in 2 :ylar.i in
the vicinity of Washington, D. C., where it .maz dimi.ring corn. Similar
reports of damage to corn were received from Virginia, North Carolina,
Georgia, and the Gulf region, with scattered infestations reported from
Indiana southward through Missouri and Kansas to Texas.
The corn ear worm is more generally distributed in iaine than it has
been for many ye-rs. Othe,.rwise this insect is about normally ab-undant
throughout the greater part of the country, although rather heavy outbreaks
on both corn and cotton are reported fr,: the Gulf region.

Serious da_.age by second-brood European corn borer is expected in
,assachusetts, Connecticut, New York, lNioew Jersey, Ohio, and Indianr. Unusu-
ally large numbers of eggs wore observed during August. In the latter State
this insect occasioned commercial damage for the first tine since it has
been kown to occur in that State.










The hessian fly situation in general does not seem to be serious.

The lesser cornstalk borer was unusually abundant in the South
Atlantic and Gulf States.

Chinch bug showed a marked increase in scattered areas in Iowa,
Missouri, and Oklahoma.

The corn leaf aphid was destructively abundant in North Carolina
with numerous reports from Ohio westward to Nebraska.

Second-brood codling moth was generally reported as moderately
abu:.irr.t, or scarce, throughout the Eastrrn States. In Washington State
this insect increased in numbers rapidly during August and a heavy third
brood is expected.

Throuh ut the NEw .E larld and Middle Atlantic States the European
red mite was rather abundant.

The second generation of plum curculio was more abundant than
usual in the Fort Valley section of Georgia.

Oriental fruit moth was abnormally abundant in the southern New
England, Middle Atlantic, and South Atlantic States, reports of infestations
also being received from Mississippi and Ohio.

The walnut caterpillar defoliated many walnuts in the southern
Now England and Hiddle Atlantic States, westward to M'ichigan and Miissouri.

The yellow-necked caterpillar was reported attacking apples from
Connecticut through Pennsylvania to Illinois, Missouri, and northward to
M'innesota.

The tarnished plant bug attacking. various truck crops was reported
from Vermont and 1Tew York.

A serious infestation of the salt-marsh caterpillar in truck gardens
occurred in central liaine.

The tomato psyllid did considerable damage in Colorado, Montana,
and Utah.

MLexican bean beetle continued to spread northeastward in M'ain.e, and
in New York State this insect occasioned serious injury. Similar h,.avy
infestations of beans were reported from New Jersey, southward to Florida,
and wost-,wrd. to Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, and Mississippi.

Pepper weevil occasioned from heavy to very heavy damage in southern
California.













Boll weevil extrei e -f numerous throughout the Cotton Belt, and
doing serious damage to top and late-plax.ted cotton.

Cotton leaf worm increasing rapidly and in many cases doing consid-
erable ra;*ing of cotton, and in southern Texas seriouss damage.

Bollwor:i damaging cotton from Georgia southward and around the Gulf
region through Texas and Arizona with serious damage in many :laces.

Pink bollworm has been found in Kleberg, Nucces, and Brooks Counties,
Tex. Five new coantios have been pcoed -under quarantine.

Leaf aphids arc u..s.liy abundant throughout the entire Cotton
Belt, bei..z particularly numerous in areas where dustin.g hps bec: carried on.

The fall wcl:,rrm was generally abunda.-t throughout e Enlan'ld,
Miiddlo Atlantic, aind So .th Atlantic StAtes, westw-ard to Ohio _and To..nessee,
and around the Gulf to Texas.

The fore.t tent caterpillIr in Now Zr.land and w York h.rs eriously
injured large numbers of red oaks and maCI L s, this bing the third year
m)Ie s, this being the third --car
that ..> vy infestations occurred in th!.t region.

Gypsy moth infost-'tions are generally loss severe than they wore
last year in the Tw ngland area.

Elm leaf beetle very abundant throughout Tew EnglIand and Yew York,
with reports of local damage southward to Virginia and in the Ohic River
Valley.

A serious out'Creak of the southern pine beetle is occurri:-.-- from
southern >aryland to eastern North Carolina.

Quite a little d.,- -e has occurred to lawns in Connecticut, vewv York,
and Pc*.:.,:-lvania by the hairy chinch bug. Similar dam. ge by Mlissus
insularis Barber was reported from Florida.

Very heavy outbreaks of mosquitoes were reported from Connecticut,
Mlassachusetts, and 'ew Jersey.

Thirty-throe cases of Rockyc Uoutain spotted fever, with cloven
deaths, have been reported so far this year from Maryland. Sevontoen
cases of this disease w.re reported the first two week,; in August from
Virginia.

Penthaleus majcr Du'es, a mite, which attacks peas in Australia
is recorded fr mi California in this number of the Survey Bulletin.










GENERAL FEEDERS


GRASSHOPPERS (Acrididae)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Although no more than normally abundant,
grasshoppers are sufficiently numerous in a few localities to require
control. Ripening peaches and corn were injured in central Ohio.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Extremely abundant in August in low-
land pastures in the vicinity of Lexington. Melanoplus fenmur-rubrum
Deg. apparently the most common species.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Isolated destructive but not extensive
infestations in all parts of the State. Perhaps the greatest darmago
dono' fo hybrid corn.

G. E. Gould (August 25): Abmundant in many fields in the northern
part of the State. Damage observed to carrot tops and carrots adjoin-
ing an iuncultivw.ted field.

Illinois. W. F. Flint (August 24): A decided decrease throughout the
entire season. Now present in normal or subnormal numbers in most
sections of the State.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Situation throughout the State about
the same as a month ago. In northern Missouri some reports have come
in of a pTartial second generation of the lesser mi:-ratory grasshopper
(Melanoplus mexicanius Sauss.). At Columbia most of the eggs have
already been. deposited by the two-striped species (11. bivittatus Say)
and the mo.st abundant species tilll active is the differential grass-
hopper (M. differentialis Thos.). Hoppers decidedly less abundant than
a year ago.

:iM.r.esota. A. G. R-ggles and assistants (August): Grasshoppers from
moderately ab...t to very abundant throughout the State.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (August 27): Grasshoppers moving around a great
deal. :u,.'l of the Red River Valley, practically devoid of grasshoppers
earlier in the season, is now overrun. with them. In Walsh County,
northeastern North Dakota, severe damage has been caused, especially
to potatoes. Vinos s-tripp-d in most fields so that nothing remained
but the bare stal':s of the plants. E--: laying well under way. In
fields at Park River, Walsh County, egg pods of M. mexicanus occur
at the rate of one per square foot, but along the margins the rate
is a little higher.

Yebr--s....'". M. H. Swenk (August 23): Caused serious general crop damage
from July 21 to August 20. Specimens received from Deuel County on
August 3 showed infestation by red mites Eutrombidium trigonum Hermann.










Kansas. H. R. Bryson (August 25): State as a whole remarkably free from
serious grasshopper injury. In Clay, Riley, Cloud, and J.--ecll Counties,
north-central Kansas, several cornfields have been damagca notice-bly
by grasshoppers but most of the fields are weedy.

Colorado. C. R. Jones (August 1): In most places the adult rtare a.nd the
:i. -ratory forms can be seen in the air during the day.

Montana. H. B. Mills' (August 20): A lare migr,'tion of M. meyxicpnus
invaded the eastern part of the State from the southeast on July 1.
In the area boiudLcd by Blaine, Petroleum, :. .solshell, Trc,-sure, Rose-
bud, and Powder River Counties, r.uLbOers of L',- now being laid in areas
which wore relatively free from hoppers prior to the mi,-r-tion.
HM. differontialis noted to be abundant and injurious along the Yellow-
stone Valley, from Sidney to Miles City. Brachystola rmana Gir. and
Dactylotum picture Thos. reported from Valley County.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 22): Control rrt....5res giving v.-r:- good re-
sults in most ca ;es. Farmers generally are applying them vigorously
to save their alfalfa-seed hay crops. M. mexi crnus, fenur-ruL ,
M. packardii Scudd., and M. bivittatus are the species most commonly
present in injurious numbers. migrations from ra.:' e to crop land
sonewhr.t later than- usual this year owing to forae remaini.'- green
lor4nger than usual on the ra.-, e. Sarcopha-. kellyl! Aid. noted on
August 1 as abuandant ard parasitizing grasshoppers in large numbers
at Wilson's 1,,.sa, Grand County.

:Ca:::;: CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)

:Tebraska. LI. H. Swenk (Aug;ust 2z): Infestation at Oshkosh, Gardeni County,
continued to be commented on as late as the middle of August.

Utah. C. J. Sorenson (August 22): Scattor.2d bands of varying sizes are
ovipositing in the following are,'-.;: Juab County-We'st Tintio'
Mountains, west of Eureka; Lillard County-Canyon U.ountains, north-
west of Scipio; Tooele County--Boulter Pass, Lofgreon, and Benmore
districts and Hick.ia., Caryc', district. A few scattered bards appeared
in grainfields on August 6. In Sanpete County, northwestern Four.tain
Grecn area, there are a few crickets in alfalfa fields, also in the
foothills and mountains to the westward.

FI-D CRICKET (Gryllus similis F.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (August 27): Abundar.t and causing severe
injury to flax, alfalfa, and other crops in Richland County, south-
eastern North Dakota. Heavy damage donor to some fields of alfalfa.

CUTWORPIS (Eoctuidae)

17cw York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. ,':.-ws Letter (August 9): On Long Island
the variegated cutworm (Lycophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.), recently
very &.burdar.t in some potato fields, has been almost eliminated
because of parisitization by tachinid flies.






-450-


Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (July 14): Cowpea plants in fields at Fort Valley,
central Georgia, have been injured by a heavy infestation of cutworms.

WEBWOiMS (Loxostege spp.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Report on August 20 of the garden, or
alfalfa, webworm (L. similalis Guen.) as appearing in destructive
numbers in alfalfa fields in Lagrange County, in the extreme northern
part of the State.

Montana. H. B. Mills (August 20): First-generation sugar beet webworms
(L. sticticalis L.) reported as d&mtging su,.-Lr beets and garden truck
considerably in the western half of the State. Damage reported as
far cast as Phillips, Fergus, and Park Counties.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 3): Moths of the sugar beet wc/bwor:.i came to
light traps in northern Utah throughout July, heavy flights to the
Syracuse trap light occurring from July 20 to 28. Larvae are abundant
on Russian-thistle at Panguitch, Garfield County, southwestern Utah.

VELVETBEAT CATERPILLAR (Anticarsia gemmatilis Hbn.)

Louisiana. C. 0. E-dy (August): This caterpillar present throughout the
State, the most severe damage being confined to central and northern
Louisiana, where seed crops are grown. Velvetbeans in southern
Louisiana being plowed under rapidly.

WIREWOPMS (Elateridae)

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Ripening tomatooesin he vicinity of
Loxington r.re being injured considerably where fruit is in contact
with the soil. The species involved is probably Aeolus dorsalis Say.

41 ITE C-RU3S (Phyllophag spp.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Many acres of timothy grass totally
destroyed in Oxford County, southwestern Maine. Reseeding necessary
in many places to maintain a stand of grass for hay and pasture. Wet
places apparently affected the worst. Beets and carrots also attacked.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 22): Damage in sod
and pastures apparent in several sections of the State. Largo areas
in Steuben and Schuyler Counties are heavily infested, a brief survey
on August 20 and 21 showing much injury. In some instances the dead
turf can be rolled up like a carpet. Similar injury reported from
sections of the Chamiplain Valley. Strawberries, beans, corn, and
other cultivated crops on grub-infested land show injury.

Virginia. H. G. W-.lkcr (August): Reported as seriously injuring a field
of strawberries near Greatbridge, Norfolk County.






-451-


Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (August 23): Reported on A..-ust 10 as very
numerous in strawberry patches in Hamilton County, and as doing consid-
erable damage to the plants.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): White grubs, Brood C, causing injury in
truck fields near Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, western Iowa.

Utah. G. P. Knowlton (August 11): Da ging potato tubers at Pa;.iuitch,
Garfield County, and Morgan and vicinity, in Morgan County, north-
central Utah.

GRER JUKE BEETLE (Cotinis nitida L.)

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Considerable dam- -e cau.er to peach
and nectarine fruits the latter part of July and the first week of
August in the vicinity of Lexington.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (August): Beetles still flying abundantly.

W. E. Anderson (August 23): Fig-eater unusually numerous in
the State.

JAPAI'ESE BEETLE(Popillia japonica .Tew.M.)

General. E. G. Brewer (August): Active flight of the beetle under way in
most of the heavily infested sections by July 4. Swarming reduced
late in July by heavy rains. Considerable reduction in the population
at Richmond, Va., by the end of July, as well as in the District of
Columbia, where only the eastern section remains heavily infested. A
heavier infestation than in previous seasons reported around the rail-
road yards at Alexandria, Va. Beetle flight in Baltimore, Md., the
heaviest in recent years. Beetles captured in nearly all traps set
at College Park, Md., possibly indicating that infestations in District
of Columbia and at Laurel, MId., have merged at College Park. Beetles
numerous around Chester, Pa., coinciding with heavy flight noted be-
tween Wilmington and Dover, Del., but fewer beetles noted in Phila-
delphia tl-_'r were observed last year. Heavy infestations wore noted,
however, in West Grove, Avondale, Kennett Square, Radnor, Hatboro,
Newton, Willow Grove, Amibler, and Doylestown, Pa. Heaviest infestation
ever observed at West Grove, Pa. At the peak of infestation at
Norwood, Pa., from July 15 to 17, clusters of 75 or more beetles on
rose blooms were quite common. Complete defoliation noted on cherry,
elder, sassafras, primrose, mornin-,.-lory, and many roses. Chinese
elms sprayed at Harrisburg, Pa. Some of the heaviest orchard defoli-
ations in iew Jersey occurred in Hunterdon County. An i.ncrense in
beetle population indicated by reports from points in New England,
such as New London, Conn., Springfield, Ma's. and Brewer, Maine.

Connecticut. J. P. Johnson (Au.uist 22): Beetles aburdanrt at Bridgeport,
New Haven, Stamford, Greenwich, Hartford, New London, and Danbury
until the second week in August, when the numbers began to decrease.
A large infestation in East Hartford was stripping willow, sweet cherry,
and plum, and foedi-g considerably on apple and elm. This infesta-
tion was centered along the river meadow land.







-452-


New York. M. Kisliuk, Jr. (August 15): Estimated that this beetle was
twice as abundant this year as last during the flight season late in
July and early in August. Serious local damage to many crops.

N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 9): Japanese beetles
at the hoi-ht of their destruction in the heaviest infestation ever
observed in Westchester County. More in evidence in the northern end
of the county in new areas, where they emerged 10 days later than in
the southern end of the county. Forests being attacked where there
is a variety of foliage. Little doubt that Japanese beetles are more
numerous in Monroe County, western New York, this year than heretofore.

Delaware. E. P. Felt (August 23): Reported as excessively abundant and
injurious in the vicinity of Wilmington.

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): One specimen taken in a trap at Sandusky
on August 19. This is the first record of the Japanese beetle in this
area.

ASIATIC GA-'E, BEETLE(Autoserica castanea Arrow)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 9): Beetles have
defoliated carrots in a few fields on Long Island where they have
been causing a great deal of damage on a variety of vegetables.

District of Columbia. I. Smith (August 19): Asiatic garden beetle very
destructive in a number of flower garde?.s in the northwestern section
of Washington. Among the plants most seriously affected are chrysan-
themum, Shasta daisy, bcrgaiot, rose, zinnia, and phlox. (Det. by
E. A. Chapin.)

M. Harriet Foster (August 4): Adults collected at night, feed-
ing on flcwcr-garaen plants in the northeastern part of Washington
on August 2. (Det. by E. A. Chapin.)

FULLER'S ROSE BEETLE (Pantomorus godmani Crotch)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (August 20): Larvae are feeding on the base of
azalea bushes, barking them below thc surface of the ground. They
practically ruined four beds of azaleas in a nursery near Norfolk.
(Det. by A. Moving.) Larvae and pupae were found in the soil under
an elm tree near Norfolk. The larvae apparently had been feeding on
the roots of the tree, as there was very little other vcet..tion.

South Carolina., 0. L. Cartwright (July): Local outbreak at Westminster
of Fuller's rose beetle on flowers and other plants.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): The beetle continuesto be abundant in
two tung-oil groves near Gainesville. Egg laying now going on rapidly,
the eggs being deposited principally under the old bud scales. This
insect also reported as doing considerable damage in a citrus nursery
in Lakol: ..3.








-453-


Louisiana. W. E. Anderson (August 23): Unusually nuMerous in the State.

A WEEVIL (Calomycterus setarius Roelofs)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 26): Collected from a nurs,-r. in
Holyoke, on the Connecticut River. The weevil was found indoors on
wax beronia, kalanchoe, ivy, and chrysanthemum, and ouat of doors on
one of the native poplars. Doing most damage to begonia. (Det. by
L. L. Buchanani.)

Peniisylvania. L. J. Bottimner (August): Examrles of this species received
from H. P. Hopper, who collected them in Philadelphia on July 4.

COia.!"ji R= SPIDER (Tetrvnychus telarius L.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): An unusual number of complaints
of mites, or red spider, particularly on ever. reens, received. This
is somewhat surprising, considering the frequent heavy rains.

Pen.-sylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Reiorted as causing damage in
various places.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Rather -bundJnt on some trees, such as
soft maple and oak, causing loaves to whiten and, in the case of
maple, sometimes to drop. Perennials, such as phlox, also heavily in-
foested. Infestations rather general but more inquiries from the
northern half of the State.

Michi*-'n. R. Hutson (Auguist 22): Two-spotted mite very common during
July and August on all sorts of fruit trees, reported from Jonesville,
Cassopolis, St. Joseph, Stevensvillo, Paw Paw, South H'.ven,Gr-and
PRapids, Lansi-g, Farnington, and M.;,unt Clemens.

Arkansas. D. Iscly (Augiust 22): Scvure local injury to cotton, has
occurred throughout the Delta, northeastern Arkansas.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (August 25): Causing considerable injury to elm
trees. Abundant on late "la.,s, garden flowers, and some varieties of
weeds.

California. .E:ch. Pest Control Circ. (August): Rod spiders more or loss
persistent during the summer, especially in the interior areas, where
considerable treatment has been necessary. Th>-, recent hot spell has
chocked the pest to some deogroe but not sufficiently to eliminate the
possibility of another early build-up.






LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD






-454-


CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS


"HFAT AND OTlER SMALL GRAIITS

AR3MYWCRPi (Cirphis unipuncta Haw.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Corn, oats, barley, and timothy
attacked by arrnmyiorms generally throughout Maine. Nearly all infes-
tations in fields planted to oats and peas early last spring. No
infestation noted in fields cultivated during June and July except
where armyworms had dispersed from other centers of infestation.
Apparently a remarkable absence of parasites and diseases.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): Most of the July brood wore pupating
the last week in July; larvae of subsequent brood not reported up to
August 26. Considerable number of adults at Guildhall, in Essex
County, northeastern Vermiont, on August 19. Heaviost infestation of
July brood in the Connecticut River Valley and Rutland County, but
scattering outbreaks reported in all comities except Grand Isle.

*.zsachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): General and serious abundance
of armyworms throu-hout much of i liddlesex and Worcester Counties,
central :.i;-schusett3 during the last week of July. Also isolated
cases of abundance throughout the southeastern section of the State.
Grass and other cover crops in orchards seriously damagedd. A field
of 7 acres of oats was ruined in 1 day at Brookfiold. A 2-acre field
of oats in Worcester County completely risi:.ecd. Not only the crop of
oats but also the cover crops wcre devoured thus ruining prospects
for next year's crop. Wilt discasc and dipterous parasites abundant.

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 22): Serious damage to y-ung sweet corn,
especially tas,'els, in I:Tc- Haven County at Mount Carmel and Branford.


New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 1): The outbreak in
the 20 known infested counties has subsided. Worms are heavily
parasitized.

Virginia. H. G. Walker (August): FMoths have been rather abundant at
lights.

Minnesota. A. G. Rugglos (August): Armyworms abundant in some north-
western counties. Comparatively fewa parasites.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (August 20): Armyworm at Ponca City, Kay County,
in the north-central part of the State.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Doi:ng considerable damage to Sudan
grass in Presidio County, southwestern Texas. A heavy infestation on
wheat and oats in Denton County, northeastern Texas, suddenly stopped
by a small I-Lr-'ite.










HESSIAT FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Light infestations in St. Joseph,
Branch, and Calhoun Counties, southern rart of the State on July 28.

Missouri. L. Hasemnan (August 24): There are not enough flaxseeds in the
wheat stubble to cause serious alarm in anr part of the State, though
in spotted areas throughout the southern half of the State trouble is
more likely to appear.

WHEAT STE21 MAGGOT (:Ieromyza americana Fitch)

Texas. P. B. Dunkle (August 22): An exceptionally heavy infestation is
occurring in Denton County where fully 50 percent of the culms are
infested.

COR:T

CO?:: FAR WOC.' (Heliothis obsoleta F.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Usually confined to the coastal area
of southwestern Maine, but now found over the greater sweet corn
section of the State, including Orono.

ZTew York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. iTe'rs Letter (August 22): Infestations
in the Lonrg Island area still extremely light. Examination of 100
plants in each of 9 fields shows an average infestation of only 11
percent, the infestations ranging from 0 to 28 percent.

South Czrolina. W. C. Nettles (August 22): Dama.'e is serious on late-
planted corn.

Ohio. Gr. A. Runner (August 23): More than the usual abundance on sweet
corn.

Indiana. E. V. Walter (August 23): Infestation in both sweet and dent
corn lighter than usual.

Illinois. R. A. Blanchard (August 29): Observed to be -bu..dn-t in dent
corn in southern Illinois by late August. Infestation in central
Illinois light at that time. Cannery corn in the Hoopeston area only
lightly infested by August 19. Development of the insect apparently
favored by the dry weather in parts of southern Illinois, whereas the
abundance of rain in central Illinois has resulted in a low infestation.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Infestations range up to g0 percent in
some plantings of sweet corn in the vicinity of Lexington.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Cott.n bolls showing slight injury
received recently from Jefferson Davis, Jones, and Pike Counties, south-
central Dnd southwestern Mississippi. Infestations in east-central
Mississippi reported on August 22. Damage to corn and sliTht injury
to cotton observed in southwestern Mississippi on August 20.






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Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (August): Corn ear worm unusually abundant in cars
and buds of ,'u:g corn.

M1issouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Field corn ovwr the State showed very
little infestation during the first 3 weeks in August. Increase
indicated during the latter part of the month and moths now fairly
Fj'bunLiait at Col.m.bia.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fe'ton (August 20): Corn ear worm at Blackwell, Kay County.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Seriously injuring the heads of grain
sorghums in some places in Brazos and Burleson Counties, east-central
Texas.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 1): Damaging 35 percent of the sweet corn
cxai:T.cd at Willard, north-central Utah, and g5 percent of the oars
c.::-':iri-d at iMoab, in the southeastern part of the State.

H. E. Dorst (August 23): Only about 35 percent of early and
midsc.son sweet corn infested. Midseason corn showed only small
larvae when corn was ready for market. Silking of the corn must not
have synchronized with the peak of flight of the moths. Only an
occasional larva obs,;rved in tomato fruits. Infestation very light
to date.

FALL ARMYWORM (Laphygma frugipcria S. & A.)

.Minco. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Isolated instances found in sweet
corn in the vicinity of Orono, Penobscot County.

Maryland. L. P. Ditman (August 23): An unusually heavy infestation in
the neighborhood of College Park, damaging the curl of young corn,
both .:ic',-et atnd field.

Virginia. C. G. Poole (August 12): Larvae are boring into and seriously
injuring buds of late corn at Virgilina, in south-central Virginia.
(Dot. by C. Heinrich.)

H. G. Walker (August): Quite destructive to late plantings of
field and sw et corn near Norfolk and on the Eastern Shore.

North Carolina. W. A. Shands (August 12): Considr.r-.ble injury on late
corn noted in the vicinity of Oxford, north-central part of the State.

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (August 1): Fall armyworms about two-thirds
grown received from Zobulon, central Georgia. This is the first
record for the year of damage by this insect. (August 22): A few
worms seen this month at Exporimont on cowpeas and in corn ears.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Auc'ust 24): Reported as causing considerable daianve
to corn in various sections of 'ississippi during the last month. A
45-acre field in v Monroo County, northeastern Mississippi, heavily
damaged. Unusually severe damage reported on a number of farms in










Wayne County, southeastern Mississippi. Infestation stated to be
general in the vicinity of Grenada, north-central Mississippi.

Louisi-na. L. 0. Ellisor and E. H. Floyd (August): Very abundant on young
soybeans at Baton Rouge, doing considerable injury to the foliage; also
feeding on a native grass.

Indiana. E. V. Walter (August 23): A field of corn at Sholbyville, s)uth-
eastern IndianL, observed on August 18 to bc badly amazedd.

G. E. Gould (August 25): Found on August 18 on late sweet corn at
La Fayette.

Missouri. L. Hase.an (Auust 24): Late sweet corn and late field corn found
to be attached Aug.ust 15 in various sections of the State, extcraI-- from
the southeast through west-central, central, and northeastern Missouri.
Apparently destructive in scattered patches over the fields or in
gardens. Maturing and pupating on August 24.

Kansas. H. R. Bryscn (August 25): Abundant and causing injury to corn in
the eastern part of the State. Most severe damage reported from Chapman,
where a 40-acre field of late corn is heavily infested. Another report
of injury received fro Arkansas City.
Texas. W. S. McGregor (August 22): Reported on corn in Dickens County,
northwestcrrn Tu:xas.

EUROPEAN CORIi BORER (FP'r:.ust:. nubilalis Htb:.)

New Hampshire. J. G. Conklin (Aug-ust 29): Unusually destructive in southern
New Hampshire this season. Present in moderate n-,-bc;rs as far north as
North Cc nwi..r.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bournc (August 24): Second brood just now beccrin."
Conspicuous. First brood considerably heavier than usual, particularly
in the southern part of the Connecticut Valley region. In usual abun-
dance elsewhere. Seco-.d-br od larvae observed rather earlier this year
and found in large nu: bers the last of July ard the first week of
Aut-ast. I:-dicF.tions from examination of fields during the czg-laying
period and at present point to very great increase over iast year's
attack, particularly in the Connecticut Val.ley sctio. of western
Massachusetts. Also in Worcester County.

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 22): Seco.a,-iTeneration ea.-s i.-d. larvae
present. Infestation in late potatoes unusually heovy in some fields
in Tol.land Couinty. !. _- reports of larv-l. injury to dahlias, asters,
anrl marigolds.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. A-r. :7o'..'s Letter (A,.-ust 8): In east,.rn New
York exr.rnination of dahlia plants in a 1-ecre planting; nearr Hunti'gton
showed the crowns of about 10 percent of the plants to be infestc-: with
first-instar larvae. (August 22): Infestations greatly increased,












particularly in corn ears. E:.:- nation of 100 oars in each of 5
fields shows an avera-e infestation in ears of 42 percent, ranging
froim 32 to 49 percent. Dissection of 200 plants, which reached matu-
rity 2 weeks ago, shows ab'0ut 1 borer for every 2 plants. Dissection
of only 20 plants from which corn is now being picked gave an avc.r'c-
infestation of 5 borers per plant. About 90 percent of the individuals
arc in the larval stage, 9 percent in the pupal stage, and 1 percent
emor.:- d, as indicated by cast pupal skins. Younger plantings, not
yet beginning to silk, show an avort-e infestation of 48 percent,
ranging front 17 to 64 percent. (August 15): In western New York a
limited number of reports, indicating that damage is on the increase
in Wayne County.

New Jersey. C. A. Clark (August 22): A very severe infestation in late
corn developing in central New Jersey. Infestation in some fields
will average over 30 borers per plant, with every plant infested.
Corn in some fields is badly broken down. Infestation around Hights-
town as bad as in the Allentown district in 1936. In the latter
district corn growing has been practically abandoned.

E. Kostal (August 15): Heaviest infestation at Morganville,
Monmouth County, since the insect was introduced into this arca.
Reported that young rr,.'pberry shoots are infested in some fields.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Has made a spectacular increase in most
parts of northwestern Ohio. Injury to sweet corn near Toledo severe,
while complaints,accompanied by specimens, wore sent in from as far
south as Delaware County, central Ohio.

Ind-,rr.. J. J. Davis (August 24): Commercial damage has occurred for the
first tine in the history of the corn borer in this State.

LESSR CORUSTALK BORER (Elasmopalpus lignosellus Zell.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (August 22): Late corn being attacked
rather heavily in the vicinity of Whitoville, in the southern part of
the State. Most of the premises where this insect is present indicate
thcft a hcavy growth of wooeeds or other crop refuse was on the land
prior to planting.

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (August 22): .rre numerous in the central
part of the State than in any year since 1935.

Georgia. 0. I. Snarp (August 16): Has injured young lima bean plants at
Fort Valley, central Georgia.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Severe injury to several fields of
corn reported on August 22 from Lauderdalo and Newton Counties, e2st-
central Mississippi. Cowpea plants injured recently received from
Columbus, Lowndos County, in the eastern part of the State.


-45 -









-459-


Louisi-uv. C. 0. Eddy (August): Reported to be doirn,- a lot of darn.-o on.
the later corn in a number of sections in southern Louisiama.

CHIITCH BUG (B.lissus leucopterus Say)

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): Rapidly increasing in ii-.mtcrs in the
throe southern tiers of counties of the State, bcin- particularly
abundant in the western part of the arca.

Missouri. L. IH:csman (August 24): Infestations in numbers sufficient to
alarm farmers continue to be spotted. The month of August decid,,dly
favorable to the development of the insect.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (August 20): Present in southeastern Oklahoma
at Durant, Bryan County.

CO1P7 LEAF APHID (Aphis maidis Fitch)

North Carolina. M. D. Leonard (July 30): Observed several badly infested
fields and had reports that corn had recently been considerably in-
fested in hVrtin County, in the northeastern part of the State. Con-
tinued rains slowed up the infestation recently.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Outbreaks occurred in Union and Mcrcer
Counties, western Ohio. Predators wore abundant and effective.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Between July 29 r.-id August 14 numerous
reports were received of severe infestations throughout the northern
half of the State, with definite damage, especially to hybrid seed
corn, in many cases.

E. V. WI77,-ter (Auguast 23): More common than usual throughout the
State until about Auguist 10. Observations made at La Fayette at that
time indicated that most of the bugs died within a few days.

IMinnes-ta. A. G. RiU-, les and assistants (August): Corn leaf aphid 'bun-
dant in the following counties in central and southern Minnesota:
Blue Earth, Chippewa, Faribault, '?.rtin, Steamrn, and Wright.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): Apparently unusually abundant. Infestations
seem to be general and widespread. Complaints received from localitieos
scattered throw ihout the State.

Ncbrnslm. M. H. Swonk (Aurust 23): Re'orteOd as attacking corn in Platte,
Polk, and Washington Counties, eastern I(ebraska, late in July and
early in August.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 3): Aphids are abundant on corn leaves at
Spanish F:rk..











CORN LATR2; FLY (Peregrinus maidis Ashm.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (August 22): Observed to be unusually
abundant on a small field of corn at Whiteville. The buds of the
plants were completely covered with adults in many instances and
<- laying was in full progress. The small corn is badly wilted as
a result of the attack.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): A very heavy infestation found on
late field corn in Burleson County. Corn showed severe injury.

CORT ROOTWORIM (Diabrotica longicornis Say)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 23): Beetles in abundance attacking corn
plants in a Dodge County, east-central Nebraska, field on August 13.

CORf. FLEA _TLE (Chaetocnema pulicaria Melsh.)

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Extremely abundant in cornfields in
several localities.

BILLBUGS (Calendra spp.)

South Carolina. W. C. ITettles (Augu.;t 22): Damage by corn billbugs
above normal in the cast-central part of the State.

ALFALFA

PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kltb.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): More abundant in old clover fields
than on clover which was seeded in canning peas this year at Unity,
south-central Maine. A fungus disease completely controlled the
aphids on late ccL. at Mvonmouth, south-central IJaino, and at other
places this summer.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 22): Pea arihids not abundant on alfalfa in
fields examined throughout the State during the latter part of July
and in Au-ust.

PLAUiT 3T'S (L s spp.)
Utah. C. J. Sorcnson (August 22): Lygus hesperus Knight and L. elisus
Van D. iLoderately abundant in alfalfa-soeed fields of Mi]! rd County,
woet-contral Utah, and very .b1rnid -!t in similar fields in the north-
western w rt of Cache County, north-central Utah.

THR---COQ Z? ALFALFA H.P0P. (Stictoccp-, l'. festina Say)

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Very abundant on field peas in
Brazos and Purleson Counties.














COWPEA CURCULIO (Chalcodermes aencus Boh.)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (August 22): Early peas well infested at E:'r' ri-
mnent, central Georgia. (August 23): At a cowpea cannery at Mitchell,
east-central Georgia, about 10 percent of the peas are reported to
be stung by this insect. Last ye.ar the stings ran up to 30 percent
and higher.
BEAiC LEAF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (August 15): Doing considerable dana:e to
field cowpeas over most of the territory surrounding Chadbourn. Th
foliage of the plants in many instances is completely riddled.

CLOVER HAY WORMI (Hypsopygia costalis F.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Specimens received on July 3 from
Gulfport, Harrison County, southern Mississippi, with a report that
they wore abundant in pea hay.
,S ,%"3 FN
SCRG,,Gu

SOcrGH'i WSBWO0RM (Celama sor,-.iolla Riley)

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Present on sorghum in Bell County,
northern Texas. Also increasing on late-planted grain sorghum in
Brazos and Burlcson Counties.

SUGARCANE

BORERS (Diatraea spp.)

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): Lar7cr cornstalk borer(D. crambidoides
Grote)sent in from Quincy, northwestern Florida, where it was injur-
ing late corn.

Louisiana. B. A. Ostcrbur.--er and E. R. Lett (August 8): Cane borers
(D. saccharalis F.) very numerous in the Do Ridder section, Beauregard
Parish, southwestern Louisiana, on corn and sugarcane. ;'hny c--
collected, 60 percent of which wore parasitized by Trich-.,ranmma spp.

Texas. R. K. Fl6tchcr (August 22): Su,.rcane borer on rice in Mat.gorda
County and on corn and sorghum in Galveston County, both counties
located on the coast.

AY EARWIG (Doru aculeatum Scund.)

Florida. A. N. Tissot (Aiujst 23): Several specimens sent in from Ocala,
central Florida, whery they were reported to be causing some darmage
to corn and sugarcane.






-462-


FRU I T INSECTS


YELLCW-:;EC;:1D CATERPILLAR (Datana ministry Drury)

Connecticut. G. H. Plunb (August): Larvae very abundant in the following
localities: New Haven and Seymour, in New Haven County; Canton and
Windsor, in Hartiord County; and Greenwich, in Fairfield County.
Stripping quite heavy on smaller oak trees at Windsor.
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Yellow-necked caterpillar
gencrall;.' abundant in apple orchards.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (August 24): Abundant throughout the State.

Minnesota. A. G. Rw'gles and assistants (August): Abundart near Hibbing
and Virginia, in St. Louis County, and on apple, ornar'ental walnut, and
black walnut trees in Dakota County, both counties in eastern l inne-
sota.
Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Second-.:-eration larvae beginning to
appear at Columbia.

RM-HhIPEDw CATL-FILLAER (Schizura concinna S. & A.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (August 22): Ir.crc.a::e in infestation in central
and southern .'.iie.o this summer.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Reported from various locali-
ties throughout the State.

MIontana. H. Mills (August 20): Observed at Dixon, northwester:-
,:.:tana.

SHOT-HOLE BORR (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)

Indiana. L. F. Steiner (August 25): Adults found boring into the fruit
on a weak apple tree at Vincennes, southwestern Indiana. Tree showed
no evidence of prior attack. Feeding apparently incidental to
oviposition. As many as eight feeding cavities on individual apples.

SA17 JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 2?): San Jose scale recorded' from 3exar
County, south-central Texas, on plum and pecan.

APPLE

COLLIJG I*OTH (IA-pocn.sa pomonella L.)

New York. D. W. Hamilton (August 26): First-brood adults began appearing
in bait traps at Poughkeepsic on July 24; peak captures from August
2 to 5; daily bait-trap captures tapering off from August 5 to the
present, when few moths being captured. Second-brood entrances








-463-


present by August 1 and gradually increasing in numbers through
August 13. Injury in most orchards lighter than during the previous
two seasons.

N. Y. State Coil. Agr. News Letter (August 15): Control
measurosstill necessary in western New York against second brood.

New Jersey. E. Kostal (August 15): Following a light first brood,
moderate infestation of second brood on apple at Morganville, in lon-
mouth County.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Second-brood entrances observed
in the south-central counties during mid-August.
Virginia. W. J. Schoene (August 23): Infestation in central Virginia
apparently influenced by heavy and continued precipitation during
June and July, as fewer worms have been reported than for many years.

W. S. Hough (August 19): Peak of first-brood attack about
June 22-26, 3 weeks later than normal. Second-brood injury occurring
in August, whereas it is usually expected during the last week of
July in Frederick, Clarke, and ShenandoahCounties, northern Virjinia.

A. M. Woodside (August 20): Infestation increasing fairly
rapidly during the last 3 weeks in Augusta County, northwestern
Virginia. Flight and egg layirng by first-brood moths over in the
insectary and declining sharply in the orchards. Very few second-
brood larvae have pupated.

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (August 22): Infestation nri.arently high,
perhaps bec.?u~e of light crop.

Ohio. T. H. P-irks (August 20): Bait-pan catch of second-brood moths
continuing at Columbus, but showing only a light population. Infesta-
tion over the State probably less than normal, with prospects of
heaviest damage in old orchards located near Toledo.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Extremely abundant at Hendcrson,
western Kentucky, in orchards with small crops of fruit, where later
control me'.zures were omitted. On Auiust 13 as high as 27 stings
and entries were found on a single fruit.

Indiana. L. F. Steinor (August 25): Hatching of third-brood larvae at
Vincennos now apparently at its peak. Infestation about normal in
weil-spraycd orchards. Most larvae now leaving apples and ar-caring
to enter hibernation. Adults of the first brood at their maximum
abundance about mid-July; in most orch:-.rds no well-defined peoaks; and
attack throughout July and August continuous and heav.-.






-464-


Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Peak of flight of moth apparently at
South Haven on August 15. Moths appeared in cages throughout the
State as follows: Monroe, Eau Claire, and Allegan on July l1; Van-
dalia on July 19; Saint Joseph, Monroe, a-id Lapearon July 20;
Buchanan, Ann Arbor, Albion, South Haven, and Birmingham on July 21;
Grand Rapids on July 25; Fennville on July 26; Grand Rapids, South
Haven, and Lvawton on July 28; Sholby on July 30; Rockford on A.usu8t 1;
Old Mission on August 2; Rapid City on Auigust 4; Beulah on August 5;
Tra.verse City on August 6; and Choboygan on August S.

Missouri and Kansas. H. Baker (August 23): Peak bait-trap catches of
first-brood moths taken in northeastern Kan-sas and northwestern
Missouri on August 13. Other peak catches on July 14, July 24, and
August 3. Second-brood damage about normal.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Codling moth very irregular in its
development, and appearance of third-generation moths about 2 weeks
later than normal. Usually reaches height of emergence around
Columbia on August 15 but apparently coming around September 1 this
year, cai-,:_- probably only a partial third generation.

Utah. C. J. Sor.,son (August 22): M1oderately abundant in Utah County,
north-central Utah.

W~r shir- baits in numbers from June 23-28 in the Yakima Valley, south-central
Washington. Maximum re-ichcd during the 10 days from July 13 to 22,
although large numbers aro still being caught. Second brood about
a ,onth earlier than in 1937 and a larger third brood than usual is
expected.

LEAF MI:'TZRS (Gracilariidae)

ITow York. N. Y. State Coll. A,:r. T..',s Letter (August 8): Considerable
ter.tifor,. leaf miner injury showing in several orchards in Columbia
County, eastern New York. (Au-ust 15): Leaf miners, tnc soottod
tor.tiforu (Lithocolletos blancardolla F.) and the unsp)otted tentiform
(Ornix ruminatella Pac:.), c'sl considerable injury to apple and
quince foliage in one orchard in Orleans County, western ITiw York.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (August 19): The unspotted tentiform leaf miner
is crniur.g considerable dakiago to foliage of apple at Cheswold, Kent
County, frequently making from 3 to 5 mines per leaf.

Virginia. W. S. Hough (August 19): Two sleocics of leaf miner (L. blan-
cardella and 0. geminatolla) more abundant than usual in Frederick
and Clarke Counties. Adults very numerous late in July and early in
August. -ple foliage in rcstrict.d areas showed considerable damage.

APPLE LIAGGOT (Rhagoletis pomonella Walsh)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (August 22): An increased infestation in' apples in








-465-


the central and southern parts of the State. A distinct increase in
infestation of blueberries in Washington County, eastern Maine.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): Retorted as more than usually abun-
dant in southern Vermont.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 8): Present on
Long Island, concentrated on transparent crm11. Egq stings very
numerous a-;his variety.

New Jersey. E. Kostal (August 15): Infestation in apples heavy in early
and midseason varieties at Morganville, Monmouth County. Damage
moderate to severe.

EUROFEAi RED 1MITE (Paratetranychus pilosus C. & F.)

Connecticut. P. Garman (August 22): Infesta.tion most severe in mid-July.
Worse on varieties heavily treated for disease control.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 15): In western
l:w York red mites on prunes still serious in orchards where proper
control r.oazures were omitted.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): European red spider continuing
to cause heavy foliage damage in apple orchards throughout the State.

Virginia. W. S. Hough (August 19): More abundant than over observed in
17 years' residence in the orchard region of Frederick County. Foliage
in some orchards shows the characteristic pale coloration caused by
mites.

British Columbia. E. J. Newcomer (July 21): Eur:pean red mite very
numerous, and spraying for it general in the Okanogan Valley, southern
British ColuLbia, bordering on Washington.

PEACH

PLL71: CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (August 22): 1cw, adults e-Aerging during Aug-ust,
resulting in a sli. :ht increase in the ru-'.,cr of curculics near
Monmouth, Kennebec County, south-central Mainer. -o evidence of
oviposition by the new adults.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): Causing a large amount of damage to
apples throughout the State.

Virginia. A. M. Weodside (August 20): Only a small percentage of the
first-brood adults deposited eggs. No e..-s deposited in the insectary
after July 19. Fruit infestation at harvest lig-ht in Albemarlo
County, north-central Virginia.








-466-


West Virginia. H. W. Allem (August 22): Infestation rather severe in
peaches being harvested in the vicinity of Martinsburg, northeastern
West Virginia, on August 15.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 19): Second-generation adults emerging in
large numbers at Fort Valley, central Georgia, from August 10 to 15.
Of 210 adults taken from 30 trees on August 10 and 218 taken from 30
trees on August 15, practically all were second-generation beetles.
Population in central-Georgia peach orchards increased materially
during August and is now heavier than that of the average year.
Seventy-one percent of first-generation females deposited eggs this
year.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Second-generation larvae infesting ripe
peaches at Shakertown and Jonosville, north-central Kentucky, and at
Paducah, western Kentucky, late in July and early in August. Second-
generation adults emerging during the third week of August.

CITRUS ROOT WEEVIL (Pachnaeus opalus Oliv.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snap (August 15): Taken on August 15 from a peach tree
at Fort Valley while jarring for plum curculio. Previously taken
from a peach tree hero on July C, 1924. Rare in Georgia.

ORIE:TAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molesta Busck)

Connecticut. P. Garman (August 22): More abundant than usual. Early
peaches heavily infested.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 1): Not the usual
amount of damage to terminals of poaches in Monroe County, western
fcw York.

Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. H. W. Allen (August 22): Infesta-
tion counts of peaches recently completed in a number of localities
in Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Heavy infestation in the
vicinities of Harrisonburg and Timberville, Va. Moderately heavy
infestation in the vicinities of Staunton and Winchester, Va. Despite
a very favorable season for development, infestation at Crozet, Va.,
and in Washington County, Md., very light. Parasitization normally
heavier in Washington County, Md., and in Crozet, Va., than in any
of the other districts mentioned in this survey.

Virginia. W. S. Hough (August 17): Larvae caused cullago of 20 percent
of peaches harvested in Frederick and Shenandoah Counties. Damage
in the Timberville district apparently greater than observed in that
area for a number of years.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 19): Flowering peach trees, planted on the
streets of Fort Valley, attacked, many terminals of trees being
damaged. Also the case in sone nonbearing peach orchards.







-467-


Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Apple fruit contninirn.- a larva received
from Oktibbeha County, east-central Mississippi, on August
25. Several complaints of injury, evidently caused by this species,
received from various sections of the State. Injury in the north-
eastern part of the State reported as quite conspicuous, nan:, youn,--
trees having been attacked.

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Twig injury abundant and general owing
to good growth caused by wet season. Varieties of peaches now
ripening not seriously damaged, the early ripening of the fruit
apparently helping to reduce fruit injury.

PEACH BORER (Conopia exitiosa Say)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 19): Cocooning increased rapidly from
August 11 to 13 at Fort Valley, but peak expected a little later
than usual. Thirty-six cocoons collected on August 11, and 52 on
August 13, during the same length of time. Infestation moderate.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Adults now emerging in the vicinity
of State College, northeastern Mississippi. Moderate damage to peach
trees reported from Hinds and Madison Counties, central Mississippi.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (August 20): Peach tree borer reported at Vian,
Sequoyah County, eastern Oklahoma.

PEACH TWIG BORR (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 1): Injury severe in peaches examined at
Castleton, southeastern Utah.

PEAR

PEAR PSYLLA (Psyllia pyricola Foerst.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 15): Control
measures being applied in some orchards in western New York. Large
pcrcenta-e of late brood washed off by recent heavy rains.

PEAR LEAF-ROLLIiG, MIDGE (Dasyneura pyri Kieff.)

New York. Z. P. Felt (August 25): Pear leaf midge found in small
numbers at Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island.

CHERRY

PEAR SLUG (Erioc.mrpoides limacina Retz.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Pear slug somewhat abundant
on cherry in the northeastern counties of the State.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Cherry and pear slug defoliated cherries
during the first half of August in southern and central Indiana.











GRAPE

GRAPE LEAF FOLDER (Desmia funerals Hbn.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Injured grape leaves received from
Long Beach, Harrison County, southeastern Mississippi, on August 22.
Also abundant on grapes at State College.

California. G. H. Kaloostian (August 6): First adults of second generation
observed at Fowler, in Fresno County, central California, on August
5 and 6. A third-brood larva, about 4 days old, also observed on
August 6. The insect is a new pest in this district, and has spread
during the last two years more than 10 miles westward from the Sanger-
Parlier districts.

GRAPE BERRY MOTH (Polychrosis viteona Clom.)

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Damage from the late trqod threatening
to be serious, owing to concentration on an extremely light crop of
grapes in some localities. In vineyards bearing a full crop, per-
centage of damaged grape berries apparently not greater than in 1957.


SIX-SFOTTD GRAPE BEETLE (Pelidnota punctata L.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Spotted vine chafer plentiful
but not so abundant as in some years.

Nebraska. MI. H. Swenk (August 23): Specimens sent from Clay County,
southern Nebrazka, on July 25, where they were attacking grapevines.

APPLE TWIG LORi- (Schistoceros hamatus F.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Adults received on August 22 from
Long Beach, Harrison County, with the statement that the beetles had
practically destroyed the top growth of a grape planting.

GRAPE SAWFLY (Erythraspides pygr:aea Say)

Mass-.chuetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Larvae found very numerous in a
planting near the college in Amherst, oast-central Massachusetts.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Grapevine sawfly causing srio
damage in the northeastern counties.


GPRAPE LEAFHCFrPRS (Erythronoura spp.)

Now York. K. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 8): Grape leafhopper
(E. comes Say) doing considerable damage in some vineyards in Columbia
County.


-469-










Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Various species of Erythronerua in
general not so abu!,d'it and injurious as in former years. In some
instances, where control measurer-s were omitted, the late si;7rLer brood
is heavy. Of the forms present in the Sandusky area, north-c-ntral
Ohio, the throe-bandod grape loafhopper (E. tricincta var. cymbium
McAtee) is the moBt abundant.

Nebraska. M. H. S.. enk (August 23): Reported as attacking grapes in
Lancaster County, eastern Nebraska, on August 5, and woodbine vines
in Garden County, western Nebraska, on August 1s.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 22): Grape leafhoppers seriously damaging
foliage of grape and Virginia creeper in many parts of Utah.

GRAFEVI:' APHID (Aphis illinoisensis Shim.)

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Brown grape aphid prevalent in the San-
dusky area, but not abundant enough to cause important injury.

GRAPE ..iALYBUG (Pseudococcus maritimus Ehrh.)
Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Grape mealybug common in -nrry vine',rds
but not abundant in the Sandusky area.

PECA'7

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (August 24); Trees noticeably spotted by the
fc.dirng of the black pecan aphid (Melanocallis caryaefoliae Davis)
at Milner and Griffin, central Georgia, but -s yet no defoliation
observe, :I.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): General discoloration on leaves of
most pecan plantings in the vicinity of Meridian, eastern M1ississippi,
caused by black pecan aphids. Light infestation in Jackson, Hinds
County. Specimens of Longistigma caryao Harr. sent in on August 23
from Canton, Madison County, central Mississsippi, with report that
they were very abundant on pecan trees.

Texas. C. B. nickels and W. C. Pierce (August 7): Black-margined aphid
(HoInellia costalis Fitch) more abundant than usual on peca.n at
Crystal City, Gustine, Branbury, and Stephonvillo, central anid south-
ernr Texas. Leaves from 50-to 100-percent infested.

HICKORY-1TJT CURCULIO (Conotracholus affinis Boh.)

Mfississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Small percentage of pecar drops
received from Shaw, Bolivar County, Meridian, Lauderdale County, and
Tchul-, Holmes County, found to be infested.






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PECAN WEEVIL (Curculio caryae Horn)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (August 24): No weevils or damage to pecan trees
observed on August 23 at Sparta, central Georgia, although known to
be present in this locality. On August 24 weevils at 'Tilner about
one-third as abundant as a week ago, probably owing to dry weather
which is hindering emergence from soil.

WAL:UT

WAL:UJT CATERPILLAR (Datana integerrima G. & R.)

Connecticut. G. H. Plumb (August): Considerable defoliation noticed-at
NLw Haven and Windsor, particularly on smaller trees at Windsor.

E. P. Felt (August 23): Walnut caterpillar somewhat abundant
and injurious in southwestern Connecticut.

New Jersey. H. W. Allen (August 22): Extensive defoliation of black
walnut noted in several counties of southern New Jersey. Stripping
was complete on many trees, but following abundant rainfall, many
trees have put out new foliage and partly recovered from the defoliation.

T. H. Jones (August 20): Black walnuts growing in northern New
Jersey commonly defoliated, presumably by this species.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Reported as very abundant.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (August 12): General on walnut throughout the State,

Ohio. E. W. eor..Ionha1l (August 15): Wilnu.t trees throughout central and
southern Ohio nearly all defoliated.

India-na. J. J. D3vis (August 24): Walnut trees defolihted throughout
central Indiana, and reported from other p"rts of the State also.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (August 24): Defoliation of walnuts and hickories
qiAte general over the State.

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): IlTrcrous around Detroit, South Haven,
Benton Harbor, and Eonroo. Apparently full-grown- specimens collected
at Kalamazoo on August 9.
Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): At Columbia laboratory-reared first-
generation walnut caterpillars are emerging as adults, but no evidence
of emergence out of doors. A partial second generation is expected.

CITRUS
WHITEFLIES (Dialeurodes spp.)
Florida. J. K. Holloway (August 18): In the vicinity of Orlandi, central
Florida, whiteflies (D. citri Ashm. and D. citrifolii 'iorg.) are corn-
pleting the summer generation. Peak emergence has not been reached.
Some eggs, and a few first-sta. e. nymphs of the autumn brood observed.











Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Reports from various parts of the State
indicate that whiteflies (D. citri) arc ao d'.d.t on various ornamental
plants.

PURPLE SCALE (Lopidosaphes beckii Ncwm.)

Florida. H. Spencer (August 20): Purple scale spreading rapidly from
twigs and older leaves to the new growth and fruits.

California. Exch. Post Control Circ. (August): A noticeable build-up
throughout the Whittier-Rivcra area, in Orange County during the
last year.

FLORIDA RED SCALE (Chrysomphalus aonidum L.)

Florida. H. Spenccr (August 20): Much in evidence on the e",_tcrn coast.
Second reproluctivo peak of the year, starting abouthe middle of May,
is still in progress with a few females still producing eggs. Infesta-
tions not so severe in the central-Ridge section.

CALIFCBRUIA RE, SCALE (Chrysomphalus aurantii Mask.)

California. Exch. Pest Control Circ. (August): Rapid increase in red
scale in the interior areas during July. Beginning now to show a
build-up toward the coast. Heavily infested orchards in the interior
show green oranges deeply pitted by the young scale.

BLACK SCALE (Saissetia oleae Bern.)

California. Exch. Pest Control Circ. (August): Completion of hatch
hastened by recent hot spell. Mortality of young to date of no
consequence. A tendency toward .build-up noted this year in such
areas as Rivera and Anaheim, southern Orange County. Control iaeasures
necessary in double-brooded areas of Orange, Los Angeles, and Ventura
Counties, as well as in the resistant black scale area of eastern
Los Arn-eles County and western San Bernardino County (Pasadena to
Cucamonga).

A LEAF-CV-TTII: A:7' (Atta sp.)

Florida. H. Spencer (August 20): Have had called to our attention a
third case of injury to newly planted citrus from leaf-cutting ants,
probably Atta septentrionalis subsp. obscurior var. seminolo Wheeler.
In each case the trees had been planted on land recently cleared of
underbrush. Some of young trees had all leaves stripped off by
these ants. Damage in one instance was increased by work of grass-
hoppers and larvae of the orange dog (Papilio thoas L.).








-472-


A BUD IITE (Eriophyes sheldoni Ewing)

California. A. M1. Boyce (August 19): Bud mite infestation serious,
causing extensive injury on thousands of acres of lemons at Santa
Paula, southern California, and. some injury on oranges.

CITRUS RUST :HITE (Phyllocoptes oleivorus Ashm.)

Florida. H. Spencer (August 20): More russetting this season than usual
but infestations are subsiding naturally.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (August): E:tremely abundant and doing a lot of
damage where control i:ca3urs. were not applied consistently.

FIG

IT- R2E-LI:ID PIG BORER (Ptychodes trilineatus L.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Specimens on fig received from Laurel,
Jones County, southeastern Mississippi, on July 25.



FaSIIMi,01T PSYLLA (Trioza diospyri Ashm.)

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (August): Common on wild persimmons throughout the
season. Especially abundant on the older trees early in the season
and has continued on the smaller shrubs.

SEAGRAPE

WOOLLY WHITEFLY (Alourothrixus howardi Quaint.)

Florida. E. A. Back (June 19): Woolly whitefly colonies found on
sca- -r:pe foliage at Key Wost.










TRUCK-CROP INSECTS


BLISTER BEETLFS (Meloidae)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 22): Black blister beetles (Enicaita
pennsylvrnica Deog.) are injurious on gladiolus flowers in Franklin
County, central Ohio.

Arkansas. D. Isely (August 2?): Blister beetle injury reported from
practically all counties in the northern half of the State. Most of
the specimens submitted are striped blister beetle (E. vittata F.).

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Considerrble damae to late( tomatoes
by E. lemniscata F. rerortc-d from various sections of the State.
Specimens of E. mar1 inata F. were sent in on A.;gut ].9 from Paulding,9
Jasper County, southeastern Mississippi, "vith the report that they
were found on practically all garden plants.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 23): Blister beetles reported damaging
potato and torato in Dawson County, central Nebraska, on Augj.ust 1,
and tomatoes and other garden crops in Pawnce County, southeastern
part of the State, on August 2. Gray blister beetle (E. cinerca
Forst.) reported attacking tomato, principally, and pot-to plants in
Richardson, Douglas, and Jefferson Counties during late July arnd early
August. Complaints of damage to tomato, and in one instance, pinweed,
by striped blister beetle (2. lemniscatn F.) were received from Richard-
son, Dou-las, Pa-nee, Lancaster, and Kearney Counties durin-' the latter
part of July. The immaculate blister beetle (Macrobasis inmaculata
Say) w0as reported late in July from Adams and :arn.; C unties in the
south-centr-! part of the State, ,here it was :' 'ing potatoes and
Chinese elm trees. Tomatoes, potatoes, and other garden crops in
Richardson, SeTard, *.ad Jefferson Counties reported damaged by the
segmented blister beetle (M. sejmentata Say).

Kansas. H. R. Br-so)n. (August 24): Blister beetles abundant but for the
most part not doin, much damage. Pig:weed and other wecds apparently
heavily infested. Injury to crops largely confined to tomato patches.

CUCUMBR BEETLES (Diabrotica spp.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Summer brood of striped cucumber
beetles present during the early part of the month and much more
abird-nt than usual for this brood.

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (Au-ust 10-25): Spotted cucumber beetle, band-
ed cucumber beetle, and strir)ed cucumber beetle abundant on fall cucum-
bers and coming to trap light in larger numbers than at any time durin-
this season. Field estimates on D. vittata show that they are no
more abundant now than they were on early summer cucumbers. Obser-
vations made at Blckville, Barnwell County, in the southwestern part
of the State.






-4 7L-


Mississippi. C. Lyle (Auust 2!4): Injury to late watermelons by D. vittata
reported recently from Rankin and Hinds Counties, western Mississippi,
and from Tate County, northwestern Mississippi. On July 28 specimens
wore received from Itawamba County, northeastern Mississippi, with the
report that they were very abundant and causing nnmuch dnma.:e to water-
melons.

Io7".. C. J. Drake (August 22): Southern corn rootworm (D. duodecimpuncta*b
F.) reported as damo. in.; corn at Harlan, Council Bluffs, and in other
parts of Pottawattamie and Shelby Counties, western Iowa.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Late cucumbers and squash at Columbia
*were recently very severely attacked by swa.rms of striped cucumber
beetles. The 12-spotted beetle is equally abundant and even more des-
tructive than the former at Columbia.

Minnesota. A. G. Ru .-.'es and. assistants (August): In Hennepin County,
southeastern Minnesota, and Pipestone County, southwestern Minnesota,
striped cucumber beetles are very abundant.

Texas. J. N. Roney (August 22): Cucumber beetles (D. duc decimpunctato, and
D. balteata) reported on tomato, collards, e-_'PTlant, pepper, ?,nd mustard
in Galveston County, southeastern Texas.

Montana. H. B. Mills (Aunjst 20): Striped cucumber beetle appeared for
the first tine in Montan this year, according to our records. Speci-
mens identified from Culbertson, Roosevelt County, northeastern Mon-
t-nra, and from Billir.ngs, Yellowstone County, in the south-central part
of the State.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 1): D. cuocecimpunctata damaging cucumbers
at Moab.

TAF:1ISHED PALAT BUG (L s pratensis L.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (Aurtust 27): Very a burnd.-nt in potato fields in
Orleans and Caledonia Counties, northeastern Vermont.

ievw York. N. Y. State Coll. AST;r. w7s Letter (August 8): Causing notice-
able injury to cauliflower heads in Delaware County, eastern New York.
In western New York in upland fields they aro numerous. They are
more abundant than usual in up-State New York and in some places doing
considerable damage. (August 22): In 'Wayno County, western New
York, the bugs are still fairly numerous in celery fields and consider-
able fresh d&iWLe was found this week.

SALT-MARSH CATERPILLAR (Estigmene acraea Drury)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August): In central Maine a serious outbreak on
corn, beans, lettuce, pn other 'vegetables was checked by an unident-
ifiecd. fungus disease, which killer most of the caterpillars before
they were fully ,crown but not until serious injury was inflicted,







-475-


especially to vegetable gardens.

CRICKETS (Gryllidae)

Indiana. G. E. Gould (August 25): Crickets abundant in many fields in the
northern part of the State; damage to carrots noted adjoining an un-
cultivated area.
0. J. Horvath (August 23): Mole cricket (Gryllotalpa hexalactyla
Perty) sent in from South Bend. (Det. by A. B. Gurney.)

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Unusually large number of mole crickets
received during the month from northern, central, anid southern Missouri.

Texas. J. N. Roney (August 22): Mole crickets (G. hexadactyla and
Scapteriscus acletus R. & H.) reported on pepper, e ,-plant, black-
eyed peas, cabbage, mustard, tomato, and collards in Galveston County.

POTATO

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Persisting in central and southern Maine,
where control measures have not been followed throughout the season.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August S): Secnnrd-6eneration
beetles began laying eggs last week in western New York.

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (August 26): At Blackville a few adults have
been found on tomato plants throughout the month of August.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistants (August): Very abundant in the
following counties scattered throughout the State: Aitkin, Carlton,
Pipestone, Pope, Saint Louis, and Sherburne.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 23): Reported as attacking eggplant and
tomato to a serious degree in Wayne County, northeastern Nebraska, on
August 9.

POTATO FLEA BEETLES (Epitrix spp.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Early infestation of E. cucumeris Harr.
on potatoes in central Maine not followed by severe injury by the second
brood, such as normally occurs.

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 22): Locally abundant in the entire central
part of the State. Serious dmna-e caused to potatoes and tomatoes
late in July.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. iews Letter (Au.?tst 1): The beetle was
reported to have been particularly noticeable on Long Island during
the last week, emerging in large numbers from land planted to Cobblers,









the vines of which are dead. Border rows of Green Mountains and ad-
jacent arers of lima beans received serious foliage injury by feeding
adui ts.

Colorado. C. R. Jones (AuList 1): Prevalent on potatoes on the Western
Slope.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Au ,ust 1): Injury to potato foliage by the potato
flea beetl:s (E. cucumeris and E. subcrinita Lec.) has been severe in
several localities in Weber County, north-central Utah.

BEET LEAFFOPR (Eutettix tenellus Bak.)

Utah. H. E. Dorst (Au ,;ust 23): Dama -:e to tomatoes in the form of western
yellow bli~jt is approximately 15 percent less than last year. At
Hoo-pr, in northern Utah, in 1937 the damage avera 45d 45 percent, as
compared to 30 percent this year.

POT..LO LEAFHOPPER (E.-.oasca fabae Harr.)

Connecticuit. 2'. Turner (Aucaust 22): A -pa'rently less abundant than usual
in the entire potato-g;rowirng section.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. oTews Letter (Aucist 15).: In western New
York, leafhoppers w.re present in larvre numbers on the remaining green
foliage on muckland. On the upland leafhopers bean to show up in
experimental plots in Genesee and Monroe Counties. In Wyoeming
County,injury was on the increase, althou.jh severe in only a few spots.

Virwinia. H. G. Walker (Aurust): Late potatoes near Norfolk are moderately
infested. A field of young beans was also reported as being very
heavily infested.

Minnesota. A. G. Rug'les and assistants (August): Very abundant in the
follow'vi- counties: Carlton, Crow Win,:, Hen.nepin, Pope, Ramsey, and
S',,i..t Louis.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 22): Moderate injury to potato foliage in
northern Utah.

TO!ATO PSYLLID (Paratrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

Colorado. C. R. Jones (Au-ust 1): Prevwlent on potatoes and tomatoes
where considerable damage is beinr done.

SMontana. H. B. Mills (Augst 20): Has done considerable damage throughout
the plains area of Montana. Re-oorted from Great Falls, 2ozeman, Still-
water County, Lavina, BridOrer, Fronboerg, Billins, Huntley, Miles City,
and Sidney.

Utah. G. F. Knowvlton (August 22): Injury to potatoes not reported very
frequently.










GR,'.T PEACH APHID (Myzus persicae Sulz.)

Indiana. G. E. Gould (Au,. st 25)): Aphid", probably this species, reT)ported
as a severe infestation on 100 acres of potatoes at North Judson, in
northwestern Indiana, on August 2. Investigation a week later dis-
closed no lice. Coccinellid larvae were very abundant.

HOR_ OFRS (Protoparce spp.)

New Hampshire. J. G. Conklin (August 29): Tomato worm (P. quinquemaculata
Haw.) unusually prevalent throughout the State.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): Tomato hornworm (P_. sexta Johan.) is
unusually abundant thrru ;hout the. State. Entire loss of several acres
reported from Burlington, Chittenden County, in northmY 'torn Vermont.

Missouri. L. liaseman (August 2}4): Tomato worm moths very abundant in
flower gardens until about the middle of August, but practically
disappeared in the last 10 days. Larvae now feeding on tobacco and
tomatoes at Columbia.

Utah. H. E. Dorst (August 23): One field in northern Utah observed where
20 percent of the tomato plants were damrq'rwd by tomato hornworm. Most
fields average from 2- to 5-percent infestation. Ordinarily little
damage is observed in this ar:c:.

Celifornia. J. C. Elmore (August 17): The tomato hornwrrm is numerous on
pepper plants; 180 worms per acre, or 2'per 100 plants, were mounted
in a pepOcr field near Long Boach, Los Angeles County.

BEA:S

MEXICA] BEA!1 BEETLE (Epilachna varivestis :.Iuls.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (Au.gust 1G): Continuir,-- to spread. In central IMaine
second-.z: neration adults were found in many fields of beahs -rown for
the dry-beaun industry. Dnria :e not extensive,, except in the southwestern
part of the State.

Connecticut. Y. Turner (August 22): Second-generation larvae feeding
on garden beans. Damage severe on untreated plantings.

New York. U. Y. State Coll. Agr. Newvs Letter (August 1): For the first
time in the history of the State, beans are threatened -Aith serious
injury, at le.st in the counties on the southern and western borders.
First generation is now preponderantly in the pupal stage in most
counties, but in Erie and other lake counties the insect is mostly in
the first-generation adult str-e. Serious injury is threatened in
fields where a spotted or general infestation of first-brood larvae
accurrcdand where no control measures were applied. (Auigust 9):
In the field-bt-,-n area (Steuben, Schuyler, Alleg.x-,ny, Livingston Counties)


-77-






-'It7 g


the insect is largely in the adult stage, mar'' e,"-'s now being deposited.
In Erie County the insect is about 5) days ahead of the higherr altitude"
counties and larvae of the second brood are active.

T.'T, Jrersey. H. W. Allen (Aujust 22): Nearly complete defoliation of beans
noted in a number of fields in the western part of Burlington County
on August 21.
E. Kostal- (Au.vist 15): Abundant and destructive on lima and string
beans at Morganville, 1Monmouth Cunty.

Vir-inia. H, G. 7..alk.r (August): Has been very abundant in many fields of
beans and has seriously injured a great many plantings of beans in
eastern Vir.,inia, whore not properly controlled.

'Torth Carolina. W. A. Thomas (Auuist 15): This insect has been unusually
destructive to beans, cowpeas, atnd soybeans in the vicinity of Chad-
bourn, Columbus County, in the southern part of the State. The attack
has been more disastrous to bears, mostly limas, than to the other
crons.
M. D. Leonard (August 1): A patch of several acres of large
plants winth considerable foliage injured at Enfield, Halifax County, in
the northeastern part of the State.

South Carolina. F. Sherman (Aupust 22): Now more destructive at Clemson
than is usual at this season.
J. G. Watts (Auq.-ust): Considerable damage is being done to beans
in home gardens at Blackville.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August l4): Has utterly destroyed a crop of lima
beans at Greenville, central Georgia.
T. L. Bissell (August 22): Adults and young are noticeable on
soybeans and cowneas. Also repo-rted on a field of young lira beans.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): Infestation at Havana, Gadsden County,
continuing to develop. Insects a-poarently becoming; more numerous.

Tennesoec G. M. Bentley (August 23): Reports of dama -inr beans and peas
in Davidson, DeKalb, Sumner, Warren, and Weakley Counties. Damage at
this time heavier than earlier in the season. Approximately 100
porceit of the leaves of lima beans punctured in Weakley County.

Ohio. K. F. Howard (August): Numerous and injurious in the Columbus area.
In most gardens beans are defoliated unless control measures had been
t-.ken.
R. H. Nelson (AujIust 15): First adult specimens of second-gen-
eration beetle noted near South Point, Lawrence County, in the south-
eastern part of the State, on Au;ust 15. Infestations general in the
South Point area during August and untreated plantings severely injured.
G. A. Runner (August 2.3): Abundant on beans locally in the San-
duskyj area, northern Ohio.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Au,=ust 24): Continues to be very abundant throughout









the State.


Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): More active and numerous this season than
usual.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 2-): In southeastern Missouri it has extended
its western spread over the first two to four tiers of counties and
has caused serious damage to -'rrdcon plantings of beans as far west as
Poplar Bluff.

Mississip-oi. C. Lyle (August 24): Infestations reported as follows: on
August 21, stripping vegetable beans over Monroe County; on Auguist 22,
heavy infestation in LaUderdale, Jasper, and Newton Counties; on August
20, severe injury to beans at 7est Point, Clay County. Heavy damage in
Chickasaw and Scott Counties. Reported on August 24 from Lafayette County
.for the first time.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 1): Damaging beans at Castleton, Moab, Green
River, and Huntington, all in eastern Utah.

A WEEVIL (Hypera meles F.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr, News Letter (August 1): In Livingston County,
western New York, this weevil was observed destroying field beans
growing adjacent to a barn in which clover hay had been placed recently.
Injury was progressively less away from the barn and was absent 50
yards away. Plants near the barn contained from 10 to 50 weevils.
During the last 3 weeks the clover-head weevil has been unusually
abundant about barns in' which hay has been stored.

COTTON-SQUARE BORER (Strymon melinus Hbn.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 6): Collected at Spanish Fork, north-central
Utah. Reported as damaging pole beans in that vicinity. (Det. by C.
Heinrich.)

BEAN APHID (Aphis rumicis L.)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 1): Reported- to be
abundant in some fields of lima beans in Livingston County, western
New York.

PEAS

PEA 1.0TH (Laspeyresia nigricana Steph.)

Maine. G. W. Simpson (August 1): About 30 percent of the pods of peas in
a home garden at Presque Isle, northeastern Maine, were infested.



LIBRARY
STATE PLANT BOARD











A MITE (Penthaleus major Ducos)

California. E. 0. Essig (August ii): This species was first taken by the
writer on March 17, 1922, near San Jose, where it was attacking the
s, ringtail, Achorutes armatus Nicolet, swarming on the surf ice of fresh
watcr in a drainage ditch. Specimens were sent to H. E. Ewing, who
identified them as Penthaleus sp. Shortly afterwards in the sani.; month,
L*. R. Cody called my attention to injuries to peas growing along the
foothills near Warmsprings, Alameda County, by what appeared to be this
species. The damngo was considerable, but was restricted and for only
a short time. A similar infestation recurred the following year, but
has not been observed since. A few weeks ago, I received a small lot
of the-same species, which had recently-been collected by A. J. Nicholson
at Riverside. A mounted slide of the mite was sent to H. Womersley,
Adelaide, Australia. A letter frrrm Mr. Womersley, dated July 13, 1939,
says that the species is identicr1 with the pea mite of that country,
P. major.

CABBAGE

IMPORTED CABBAGE WORM (Pieris rape L.)

Sew York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 15): Considerable
dam-,o to cabbage in eastern New York; heavy flights of moths present.

.Indiana. G. E. Gould (August 25): Abundant in the northern part of the
State, causing- considerable daim- e to cabbage.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Butterflies very abundant in fields and
gardens.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 10): Butterflies are abundant at Brigham and
Ogden, in northern Utah. Injury is common wherever control has not
been effected.

CABBAGE LOOPER (Autogr phica brassicae Riley)

New York. I1. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 22): Larvae less
numerous in western !i-:-.' York than early in August. A few looper eggs
found i:n Wayne County.

Indianz... G. E. Gould (August 25): Abundant in the northern half of the State.

Utah. G. F. Kno-wlton (August 13): NTine moths taken in light trap at Logan,
north-central Utah, on the night of August 12.

A WEEVIL (Ceutorhynchus assimilis Payk.)

W"sLi:L-ton. M. J. Forsell (August l.g): During 1933 these weevils have
been scarce and have heard no complaints of damage in the fields.


-)go-










HARLEQUIN BUG (Murgantia histrionica Hahn)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (August): Rather abundant and seriously injuring
cabbage at Drakes Branch, south-central Virginia. However, this insect
is rather scarce and has caused practically no injury in the Norfolk
area.

South Carolina. 77W. C. Nettles (August 22): Apparently above average at
Clemson.

J. G. Watts (August 20): Collards in a number of home gardens at
Williston,in the southwestern part of the State, are heavily infested.

Ohio. R. H. Nelson (August 15): Adults common and causing injury to late
turnips. No nymphs found, but egg masses present.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Reported on August 10 as very destructive
to cabbage at Pekin, in the southern part of the State.
Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Bugs did some damage to crops in the
vicinity of Lawrenceburg, Anderson County.

SQUASH

.,SqASH BUG (Anasa tristis' Deg.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (August 16): Steadily increasing at Monmouth and
moving northward and eastward from the southern part of the State.

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 22): Abundance much loss, as compared
with the average year.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 22): In eastern New
York squash bugs are reported d'-i. i!.g squash.

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (August 20): This insect is scarce on a plant-
ing of fall cucumbers at Blackville.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): Reported as being very abundant on
summer squash at Hawthorne, eastern Alachua County.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Abundant during August in central
Indiana.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): Reported damaging squash at Corydon, Des
Moines, and Ames, in central Iowa; What Cheer, in southeastern Iowa;
and Palo, in east-central Iowa.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Adults and eggs less abundant during the
latter half of the month but partly grown nymohs now very abundant on
squash and related crops that have not been protected throughout
central Missouri.






ll fr;


Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Auust 23): Crmnlairts of.damage to squash, pum'pk1,
and cucumber vines received from Richardson, Douglas, Saline, Custer,
and Thomas Counties from July 21 to August 20.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (August 20): Present at Perry, Noble County, in
north-central Oklahoma.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (August 17): Damage to cantaloups rund squash reported
from Farmington. (August 1): Reported as seriously damaging water-
melons and. cantaloups at Moab.

SQUASH BORER (Melittia satyriniformis Hbn.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (Auiust 22): Early sumner squash kille, at Mt. Carmel
farm. Abundant in other parts of the State.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August g): Reported on squash
on Loig Island. (August 15): Injury continues to show in Wayne County,
western New York, and larvae apncared to be approaching maturity from
August 2 to 8.

Pek -,sylvania. H. E. Hodjkiss (August 25): Borer very abundant throughout
the State.

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Destructive in a number of localities.

Tennessee. G. MA. Bentley (August 23): Reported1 on squash in Davidson County
on Au:ust 3.

Nebraska. :. H. Swenk (Au/ust 23): Reporte@ as injuring squash vines in
Colfax County, east-central Nebraska, on August 10.

SQUASH BEETLE (ETilachna borealis F.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hndgkiss (Au;ust 25): Squash ladybird beetle moderately
abundant in the northeastern counties.

CUCURBITS

PICKLE WORMS (Di~phnnia app.)

South Carolina. J. G. Watts (August): A 3n.ll planting of late summer
cantaloups was completely destroyed by the melon worm (D. hyalinata L.).
A feQ7 larvae are beginning, to a oorr in the fall crop, One moth was
trken at the light trap Auust 22. Reported from Blackville.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Auguist 24): Pickle worm (D. nitidalis Stoll) reported
on August 15 and 17 as bein*.(estructive to pickles-in east-central and
northern Indiana.
G. E. Gould (August 25): For the second y' ,r, the pickle worm
is infesting a serious number of the pickling cucumbers in northern
Indiana. One large company forced to hire extra help to pick out wormy










cucumbers, and 600 wormy cucumbers detected in ;week, over 100 of
their hgO growers havin, brought in worny cucumbers.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Au ust 24): Pickle ,orms rer'rtec on A -ust 20) as
being unusually bad in Grenada County, north-central Mississipri, des-
troyin most of the late cantaloups.

MELON APHID (Aphis gossypii Glov.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Aug-ust 24): Abundant and destructive generally
throughout the State.

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (August): Melon louse abund-nt in the vicinity of
SaintiPaul and Minneapolis.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (August 25): Reported as destructive this year.
Vines in some melon patches killed. Injury not confined to cucumbers
and melons alone, but squash ane.d pumpkins also dama-Ted considerably.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 23): The melon aphid is damaging buskmelons,
watermelons, and cucumbers in -D.ou,7las, Burt, Saline, Antelope, and
Furnass Counties.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton and F. C. Harmston (August 24): Cantaloup vines being
destroyed at Green River, east-central Utah.

ASPARAGUS

ASPARAGUS BEETLE (Criocerus LsrCra-7i L.)

North Carolina. C. S. Brimley (August 22): Infesting an asparagus bed at
Thomasville. Dnra.e severe.

South Carolina. J. G. Titts (August): During the first half of the month
this insect continued to be very destructive, but since that time the
prqulb-tion and injury has decreased considerably. Most fields in the
asparagus-growing section of the State that have not been poisoned
have been severely dama, red. Crowns and youn-: plants have been more
seriously affected than older plants.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Auaust 22): All sta---s found during the early part
of August in several infested fields in Weber anC' Davis Couities.

rThshi-gton. E. J. Newcomer (August): Very common in the Y-%kinm Valley.

7TLE ~I

T1JUIP APHID (Rhonalosiphum pseudobrassicae Davis)

Ohio. G. A. Runner (August 23): Abundance of turnip aphids making it
difficult to obtain satisfactory stands of turnips in some loc-lities.









EGGPLANT

EGGPLANT LACEPUG (Ga.r..rhia solani Heid.)
North C-rolina. W. A. Thomas (August 19): Attacki-.-,- eggplant in the vicinity
of Tabor City. The insects were extremely abundant, some affected
leaves having more than 50 specimens grouped together on their under
surf aces.

ONIONS

ONION THRIPS (Thri'os tabaci Lind.)

Colorado. C. R. Jones (August 1): More abundant on onions than for .years
and considerable damage being done.

PZANTUTS

POTATO LEAFHOUPER (Emn asca fabae Harr.)
North Carolina. M. D. Leonard. (Au:u-ist 1): Owing to continued rains, leaf-
hoorer,'dar.ue on peanuts has been light, although many fields examined
durinj- the latter half of July in the six or seven heaviest peanut-
growi.f counties in the northeastern oart of the State showed a few
leafhop.:rs rrecsent.

LETTUCE

A HCOR'rOR.; (Celerio .allii Rott.)

Maine. J. H. Hawkins (A1:)'st IS): Trkl-n in quantity as larvae from lettuce
and other vegetables in Brewer, Penobscot County. Never before to my
knowlece- found in such larg'- numbers in Maine.

S TRA-,B.ERY

ST7A--KTEFRY CRO-Tr PERzR (Tylocerna fr7gariae Riley)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Augist 24): Destructive in several loc lities in the
southern third of the State, and present in the southern two-thirds.

STRA.- ERRY ROOT APHID (Aphis forbesi Weed)

Vir-inia. H. G. Walker (Auist): Abundant and has caused much damage in a
number of strawberry fields near Yorfolk.

Kentucky. 7. A. Price (August 10): Attackin; 13 percent of the strawberry
plants e.:r-,irid in one -natch at Princeton.

PEPPER
PEPPER 3EVIL (Anthonomus eugenii Cano)
California. J. C. Elmore (Au,--ast 17): Causin.- serious da-na-ue to the chili
peppers in some places in Or-,in. and Los Angeles Counties. Infestations
range from 2 to 50 percent in a single field. A field of bell peppers
was 100 percent infested at Yorva Linda, on Awuust 6.


-I'.S4-








-UgS5-


COTTON N INS CTS


BOLL W=EVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (August 20): Infestation in 71 ecombc and
adjacent counties reported as very severe on August 8.

South Carolina. F. Shorman and 7. C. -ttles (Aui-ust 22): There has bern
a m-.rked increase of boll weevil over the whole State during. Aug'u't.

J. C. Watts (AuAust): An unusually bad year for boll weevils at
Blackville. i.any fields not treated have only a fourth of a crop.

F. F. Bondy and C. F. IRainwatcr (Aurust 27): By Augut migrnrating
weevils had almost covered cotton in Florence Cournty, infestations
being practically 100 percent, the worst since 1929 and 1930. Yow' very
numerous and d ';,-in : late bolls.

Georgia. 0. I. Srapp (Au.gust 19): Abundant in the vicinity of Fort VT,,iley
owin': to favorable weather conditions. Considerable damage.

P. Gilicrir and P. A. Glick (AUi;ust 29): Micration was at its
peak durin-; the first week of Auvust in Tift, Lowndes, Berrien, Cook,
and Colquitt Couinties, Upper Coastal Plain. 1a7, -e was serious and
third-brood weecvils fairly numerous.

Florida. L. C. Fife and C. S. Rude (Auiust 27): Infestation very high tho
second week in Autist after mi,;ration had started in Al.chua, Marion,
and Gilchrist Counties. Infestation in Lake County was very li.ht. At
present all counties but Lake arc highly infested, from 65 to 99 percent.

Mississippi. State Plant Board (August 15): Heaviest infestations in many
years now present in most sections of Mississippi, especially the Delta.
General migration of weevils in progress, and fields of late cotton
reported to be full of weevils despite control measures.

C. Lyle (A -ust 24): Infestation the heaviest in many years and
late cotton being severely dnmea ed in most cases. Delta counties, es-
pecially, very heavily infested and control measures rather general.

R. L. McGarr, et al. (August 27): By August 13 in Oktibbeha,
Lowndes, and Toxubee Counties infestation had increased .rec.tly. Average
infestation was 52.9 percent as compared with 19.2 percent in 1937.
Yield expected to be cut 50 percent or more.

3. W. Dunnam, et al. (August 27): Boll weevils at least 10 times
as numerous as last season at this date in Washington County-. Infesta-
tion practically 100 percent in all fields.









Louisiana. R. C. Gaines and assistants (Aumust 20): Average of punctured
squares in untreated check plots was 91.5 percent this week. Population
heavy in all of the fields of Madison Parish, especially in young cotton.

Arkansas. D. Iscly (August 23): Generally distributed over the State except
in the northeastern part. While damage greater than in any year since
1932, extreme injury did not materialize owing to drought.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (August 31): Infestation has increased very rapidly
throughout the southeastern quarter of the State, and little top crop
cotton expected to be produced this season throughout that area. Weevils
more numerous this season in southeastern Oklahoma than since 1935, and
perhaps worse than since 1933.

E. E. Ivy (August 21): Infestation has increased steadily in
McCurtain County and is now at between 70 and 80 percent in all fields
exmnined. Forty percent of the bolls have one or more cj'-s, larvae, or
pupae in them, and between 10 and 15 percent of the locks have been
destroyed.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (August 12): Weevils spotted but most abundant in the
lowlands of central and northern Texas. Less dama-e now in Calhoun
County, but more in the Lavaca River bottoms of Jackson County, (August
26): Abundant in most fields of -,ounr- cotton and causing damage in the
lowlands of Concho, Jones, McCulloch, and Taylor Counties, west-central
Texas.

K. P. Ewing, et al. (August 6): Average of punctured squares ob-
served to be 20.9 percent as compared to 12.2 percent last week in
Calhoun and Jackson Counties. Severe dana.ae in some fields, light to
medium in all others inspected was observed in the vicinity of Waco and
in the Brazos River bottom.

A. J. Chapman (August 20): Average infestation in 10 fields above
the mouth of the Conchos and 8 below was found to be 59.66 percent.
(August 27): Average infestation in 22 fields inspected was found to
be 97.54 percent.

R. V. Moreland, et al. (August 6): In Brazos and Burleson Counties
average infestation in check plots found to be 59.5 percent compared to
62.9 percent on August 8, 1936.

COTTON LEAF WORM (Alabama argillacoa Hbn.)

South Carolina. F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (August 27): Adults but no
larvae of cotton leaf worn found during the last 2 weeks in Florence
County.

Tennessee. G. M;. Bentley (August 23): Reported on August 19 and 20 as
occurring in Madison, Fayette, Dyer, Gibson, Lauderdale, and Shelby
Counties. Farmers using control measures. Approximately 10 percent
of leaves destroyed at Trimble, Dyer County.









-4g7-


M.ississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Fournd generally over the 10 northwestern
counties. Scattered throughout north-central Mississippi, but little
dra-i,7c noted. Causing considerable da-iae in several of the northeastern
counties and in Itawamba County, fully 25 percent of the foliage being
stripped in some fields. Spotted infestations in the vicinity of State
College, with folia. e rag_-ed considerably in some fields.

R. L. UcGarr, et al. (Aug.-ust 27): Observed in sufficient numbers
to cause some raging of cotton in Oktibbeha and Lowndes Counties.

E. W. Dunnam, et al. (August 6): Present in most fields in
Tashin-ton County. First moth noted here was bred from larvae collected
on July 25, which emerged on August 4. (August 20): Insect ra.ggring
cotton in some places but damage most serious in young cotton. (Aucust
27): Stripping cotton in many fields, doing much more clana:e within
the last few days.

Louisiana. B. A. Osterbcr.'er and E. R. Lett (Aug-ust 9): Second generation
just appearing at IHerryville, Beaurecard Parish. No serious d-v'-a:"c
from first generation in this section.

W7. F. Turner (August 27): Infestations observed north of Bossier
City, Bossier Parish. Spread increased, but not the severity, to the
end of the bottom lands, just south of Benton. No fields completely
stripped.

R. C. Gaines and assistants (August 13): Still present in fields
in iadison Parish but not in sufficient numbers to cause ragging7.
(August 20): Leaf worms may be found in small r.unlers in most fields.
Ragginng -,Iy be noticed in some fields of young cotton.

M. T. Your.n and assistants (A:--ust 27): Found in practically all
fields observed in Madison Parish but not in sufficient numbers to
cause damag-e.

Arkansas. D. Isely (Aug-ust 22): Generally distributed over ArkI.nsas for
the last month but no general injury occurring. Some local ijju'ry and
local control mcasarcs.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles ( August 31): Now present throughout practically
all the cotton-producing areas of Oklahoma and numerous fields being
defoliated.

E. E. Ivy (August 21): First found in the Red River bottom on
July 24, and showed evidences of having been present for 2 or 3 weeks.
Scattered, li,-ht infestations found all over this region in McCurtain
County shortly after that, a few of the earlier infestations causing
considerable injiru, practically stripping- the leaves in -a-.y of the
fields. No further injury noted for a period of a week or 10 da:-s, but
now all infestations apparently sTreadin- rapidly and many new ones
observed.










Texas. F. L. Thomas (August 5): Fourth generation now active, causing
d&aae as far north as central Texas. Scattered as yet in northern and
northwestern Texas. (August 12): Control measures wnder way in southern
Texas; extensive in the San Antonio area; general throughout central
Texas; and just beginning i'n northern Texas. (August 26): Some injury
observed on late-planted cotton in central Texas, but control measures
being much less used.

H. S. Cavitt (July 30): Some poisonin: being- done in the vicinity
of Candelaria. Causing sohe damage to young cotton at. the lower end of
the Presidio Valley around Redford.

K. P. Ewing, et al. (August 6): General throughout the Waco and
Brazos River area of Calhoun and Jackson Counties, and moro actual danaze
and stripping of plants observed around '?aco than at any other point
this year.

A. J. Chapman (Au-ust 27): Defoliation throughout August by leaf
worms, as well as lack of water, has contributed to an earlier than
usual maturity of the crop in the Presidio area.

R. W. Moreland, et al. (August 6): Considerable control work being
done during the week in Brazes and Burloson Counties. (August 20): Some
leaf worms still in the cotton.

Arizona. W. A. Stevenson (July 30): One small larva found at Sahuarita,
Pima County, on July 29. (August 20): Further specimens found in the
Sahuarita area but infestation still low.

BOLLT.'OR': (Holiothis obsoleta F.)

South Carolina. F. F. Bond,/ and C. F. Rainwater (August 27): Bollworms ob-
served on cotton in Florence County throughout August but no d.na.::e done.

Geor.'ia. P. M. Gilmer and P. A. Glick (Au.-ust 7): Considerable dna,%eo in
fields near corn in Tift, Lowndes, Borrien, Cook, and Colquitt Counties.
(August 2g): Sli:7ht damag-e by larc-e larvae in the Upper Coastal Plain.
Little damage to dusted cotton.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (Ai:,.ust 23): Doing. some d na--c to cotton in Bonifay,
Holmes Countyr.

L. C. Fife and C. S. Rude (Auigust 20): Doing a good deal of dnmazc
in some fields in Lake, Alachua, Marion, and Gilchrist Counties.
(August 27): Present in all fields to some extent but not serious in
most.

Mississippi. R. L. McGarr, et al. (August 6): No appreciable number of
bollworms noted in Oktibbeha and Lowndes Counties.

E. W. Dunnan, et al. (August 27): A few bollworms found all month
but no damage reported in Washington County.











Oklahoma. E. E. Ivy (August 21): Very numerous recently in McCurtain County,
especially in younger cotton near corn, the infestation running to 20 or
30 percent in some fields, and avcr-.ing more than 5 percent.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (August 12): Second-generation bollworns threatening
da,-aje to young cotton in the Brazos Valley of central Texas. Severe
damage caused by the first generation in some fields near ?7aco, with
light to moderate damage found in all fields inspected. (August 26):
Damage caused in the lowlands of Concho, Jones, McCulloch, and T-iylor
Counties. Severe damage reported from Kent County.

H. S. Cavitt (July 30): Considerable dama-e done in the lower end
of the Presidio Valley, around Redford.

K. P. Ewing, et al. (August 6): Dama :e from bollworm apparently on
the decline in Calhoun and Jackson Counties. Severe dama-oe found in the
vicinity of Waco, with light to medium dama;:e in all other fields in-
spected. Damage reported also from the Brazos River bottom and the
black land section. (August 20): Bollworms have practically ceased
their activity except in a few fields of June-planted cotton.

A. J. Chapman (August 13): Reduction in bolls per plant clue largely
to the cotton bollworm. (August 20): Counts in fields above the Conchos
indicate less damage than in the Presidio area. (August 27): Consider-
able da.ma:-e done to the crop.

R. W. Moreland, et al. (August 13): Peak of oviposition for second
brood occurred about the first of the week in check plots in FrazLos and
Burleson Counties. (August 20): Average of 7.7 egs per 100 tops found
as compared with 28.5 e7,-s per 100 tops 2 weeks a-o.

Arizona. W. A. Stevenson (July 30): Very heavy outbreak observed in a field
of late-planted Pima cotton in the '-.arana section, Pima County, the
first part of the week. Feeding principally on the squares, with some
bud feeding noted. Infestation general over the field and probably
commercial dana.-e will be caused. Infestation generall in the Marana and
Sahuarita sections but not so severe as in the first field mentioned.
(August 6): Infestation in the Tucson district practically cleared up.

PINK BOLLWORM (Pectinophora gossypiella Saund.)

Texas. R. E. '!cDonald (July and August): Toward the close of July pink
bollworm "-.-s found in Kleberg County, this being the first specimen
ever found in that section. Specimens have since boon fouhd in Brooks,
Jim Wells, and Nueces Counties. Only a few worms found, indicating
that the infestation is very light.

A. J. Chapman (August 13): Infestation counts made in 20 fields
located in the Presidio and Redford area. Average infestation was
45.5 percent.







-490-


COTTON FLWA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Reut.)

South Carolina. F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (August 27): A few observed
throughout tho month but no damage found in Florence County.

Georqia. P. M. Gilmer and P. A. Glick (Auqust 2g): Present in sonmo numbers
from slightly south of Cordelo northward on the Upper Coastal Plain. No
serious damage.

Mississippi. R. L. Mc Garr (July 30): Very few on cotton in Oktibbeha and
Lowndes Counties.

Oklaho-a. E. E. Ivy (August 21): Approximately the same degree of infesta-
tion maintained in McCurtain County, from 5 to 10 percent, all season,
and blasted squares found in considerable numbers.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (Auust 5): Present in northwestern Texas, and in-
creasing since the middle of July in Dickens and Wilbargor Counties.

R. W. Moreland, et al. (August 20): Few found in old cotton but
population in young cotton fairly heavy since Azugust 1. Population in
late-planted cotton lighter than last week, but still causing some injury.

RAPID PLANT BUG (Adclphocoris rapidus Say)

South Carolina. F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (August 13): Nymphs
numerous in several fields in Florence County.

Mississippi. R. L. iMcGarr (July 30): A few buys noted in Oktibbeha and
Lowndes Counties.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 13): An averaWc of 25 per 100 plants found
on young cotton in Brazes and Burleson Counties. (August 20): One
count in young cotton showed as many as 70 nymphs and 43 adults per 100
plants. (August 22): Some fields in the Brazos River bottoms found
heavily infested. Most of the nymphs were on small bolls while adults
were generally distributed over the plants, showing a preference for
the blooms. Also found on field peas in one place.

COTTON STAIIER (Dysdercus suturellus H. S.)

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): A great deal of damage caused on Sea
Island cotton at lelbourne. Insect reported to be doing injury to
cotton in other parts of the State.

L. C. Fife and C. S. Rude (August 13): Cotton stainer showing up
in the lower part of Lake County.

LEAF APHIDS (Aphiidae)

South Carolina. F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (August 27): Numerous in
most dusted fields, and causing the shedding of leaves at the bottoms
of the plants in Florence County.








-491-


Georg-ia. P. *I. Gilmer and P. A. Glick (August 28): Aphids increasing in the
UpIer Coastal Plain. Some dae to lint in Sea Island cotton likely
to occur.
Florida. L. C. Fife and C. S. Rude (Auust 27): Aphids have built up in the
last 2 weooks, especially in fields that have been heavily dusted. Para-
sites, present in large numbers 3 weeks a'o, seem to have disappeared.
nubr 3 wek se oh
Mississippi. C. Lyle (Au:-ust 24): Infestations of cotton aphid (Aphis
gossypii Glov.) heavier this season than for several years owing to
control measures for the boll weevil.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (Aug-ust): Unusually abundant on cotton this year,
probably owin" to such intensive control measures for boll weevil.

'. T. Young and assistants (August 27): Heavy in treated fields and
found in greater numbers than usual in untreated fields in :adlison Parish.

Oklahoma. E. E. Ivy (Anjust 21): Abundant on cotton all sun-mer in McCurtain
County but not much dana.:e apparent.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (A.u ust 19): Plants in the greater part of Lubbock County
literally c.ov-i'ed with plant lice and the resultant honeydew. Leaves are
curling and the squares bocinning to shed. (Auuast 26): Present in all
fields of central rP--as where control measures used for boll weevil. In-
festation much heavir in some fields than in others, and staining of
lint quite likely to occur.

K. P. Ewin.-, ct al. (August 20): -'"'e continued and easily sooeen
in fields in Oalhoun and Jackson counties, as heavily infested plants
have lost their 7reen color in comparison with more lightly infested ones.

Arizona. W7. A. Stevenson (July 30): Infestation in Pima County. has practi-
cally cleared up, owing principally to ptraiites, but somewhat to predators.

CO.UO:N BED SPI E? (Tetranychus telarius L.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (Au,-ust 10): Part of a field of cotton near Thaley-
ville reported as beinr rather heavily infested.

South Carolina. F. F. Bondy and C. F. "air.-.'ater (Aurust 6): Local infesta-
tions in Florence County have disappeared. (Augmust 20): A small
infestation found in a field of late cotton.

Louisiana. R. C. Gaines and assistants (Au-ust 20): A few red stiders
observed in cotton fields in Hadison Parish.






-492-


FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSECTS


FALL WEBWORMS (Hyphantria spp.)

Maine. F. H. Lathrop (August 15): Nests conspicuous on trees and shrubs
along the roadsides from central Maine southward. Many unsprayed apple
trees infested. Much more in evidence than at any time during the last
4 or 5 years.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): More than usual numbers of fall webworms
in all parts of the State.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): This pest, ordinarily conspicuous
at this time of year, is comparatively scarce.

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 22): An occasional nest seen along roadsides
in the central part of the State.

Now Jersey. E. Kostal (August 15): More abundant than usual on anple and
pear at Morganville. Danme moderato.

North Carolina. R. J. Kowal (August 20): Pest observed as apparently con-
fined to sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) in Morrow Mountain State Park.
Majority of trees, especially along roadsides, almost completely defoliated.
Defoliation apparently most severe at elevations between 600-o00 feet.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): Insect apparently on the increase. Re-
ported as doing injury to pecans and hickories at Leesburg, and injury
rather general on pecans between Gainesville and Jacksonville.

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 22): noticeable on apple and forest trees
generally.

G. A. Runner (August 23): Practically all willows in marl beds
covering a wide area near Castalia, north-central Ohio, contain numerous
colonies.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24): Numerous at Richmond and Lexington.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (August 23): Reported on August 19 as infesting a
few sumac plants at McMinnville, Warren County.

Mississippi. 0. Lyle (August 24): Reported as generally scattered over the
Grenada district, north-central Mississippi, but no damage of importance
done.

Texas. C. B. Nickels (July 24): Webs on pecan and black walnut more abundant
at Mason, central Texas, and at Boerne and Fredericksburg, south-central
Texas, than in any other season during the last 5 years. Several webs
could be collected from a single small tree.








-493-


FOREST TE-2T CATERPILLAR (,,alacosoma disstria Hbn.)

Vermont and. Ilassachusetts. A. F. Burgess (July and August): Killing of a
lar-;e number of red oaks, defoliated this year for the third time,
reported from Vermont. Many trees not refoliating and apparently dead.
Considerable number of pupae in a Mlassachusetts area found to be opened
during the first week in July and a high pcrccntaie found dead or con-
taining a ma-.z:ot of a tachinid parasite.

eow England and New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Dia.:e still generally
evident on sugar maples in northwestern Connecticut, western :iassachu-
setts, southern New Hampshire, Vermont, and in adjacent areas in New
York, also in the Mohawk Valley. A large proportion of the stripped
trees in many communities and extensive areas of woodlan.d seriously
injured by the outbreak of last spring.

GYPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

New England. A. F. Burgess (July and Au.ust ): Infestation throughout most
sections of the New England infested area loss than last year. Little or
no stripping apparent this season in the Framinghmn, 11ass., district,
where many acres were defoliated last year. iMany of the new egg clusters
much smaller than those noted last year. A large decrease in infestation
in the Cape Cod section of Massachusetts. ZNo intense infestation in
Greenfield, Mass., section, as in 1937. Several areas heavily defoliated
in towns of Hingham and South Weymouth, Mass. Severe outbreak, accom-
panied by, extreme stripping, reported from two sections of Connecticut.

SATIN :.:'TH (Stilpnotia salicis L.)

Now Hampshire. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (July 25): A rather heavy flight of
moths occurred in the vicinity of Plymouth during the night of July 25.
Hundreds of the moths clustered on electric light poles in the business
section of the town.

A ELOCK LOOPER (Ellopia fiscellaria lugubrosa Hulst)

Idaho. J. C. Evcndonr. (August): The hemlock looper, which in 1937 appeared in
epidemic form throughout northern Idaho and wcstcrn Montana, is rain
defoliating large forest areas. A marked decline in the severity of
this season's infestation is apparent and the epidemic in -rcral is
believed to be dccreasing-. Lar.-e percentage of overwintering c-:7s
parasitized.

CECROPIA '
Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Reported as abundant on chrrry at Tipton
on August Many,, specimens sent in from all sections of the northern
half of the State during the last month, but in most cases simply
because of their unusual appearance.









BAGWORMI (Thyridop teryx ephemeraeformi s Haw.)

New York. M. Kisliuk, Jr. (August 15): Late in July and early in August
evergreens, poplars, maples, and locusts observed as completely defoliate
.ari:, reports of damnnge received from Long Island.

New Jersey. H. W. Alien (August 22): Defoliation of sycamore, in some cases
nearly 100 percent, noted on street shade trees in Burlington County.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 9): Unusually abundant on evergreen trees at
Fort Valley, central Georgia.

W. H. Clarkc (August 10): '.:ore abundant than in several years.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Quite injurious to ornamental plantings
throughout the southern half of the State.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Reported on August 19 as defoliating pine
at Scottsbur:, southeastern Indiana.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (August 24); Common in many'b6tione of the Stats.

Tennessee. G. i.. Bentley (August 23): Noticed on arborvitae and juniper in
a nursery at McMinnville, Warren County, on July 27.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Reported in various sections of the State
as abundant on arborvitae and cedar.

Louisiana. C. 0. Eddy (August): Reported from a number of sections of
Louisiana as being very abundant.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (Auliust 20): Reported in El Reno, Canqdian County,
west-central Oklahoma.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Injury to evergreens reported from
several points in northeastern cxas.

ASH

CA?-PE.TTE? WORi (Prionoxystus robiniao Peck)

M1innesota. A. G. Ruggles and assistants (August): Abundant on green ash
at Fairmont and all along the western border of the State.

Nebraska. M!. H. Swenk (August 23): Reported as attacking elm, ash, and
hac!:bcrry- trees in Sheridan County, northwestern Nebraska, on July 23.

BIRCH

BRO'IZED BIRCH BORER (Agrilus anxius Gory)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 15): Killing birch trees in Columbus.







-495-


Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): Destroying large numbers of cutleaf birch
in Des Moines.

BIRCH LEAF MINER (Fenusa purnila Kiug)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (August 27): Reported as plentiful at Dorset,
Bennington County, southeastern Vermont.

New England and New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Generally prevalent over
much of southern Now England and adjacent areas in Now York State.

BOXELDER

BOXELDER BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)

Virginia. W. S. Hough (August 25): Found in great numbers wherever there
are boxelder trees around Winchester. Numerous complaints received that
the bugs are entering houses and causing home owners much concern.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Abundant during the last month in several
localities in the northwestern quarter of the State.

A LEAF ROLLER (Cacoecia semiferana Walk.)

Colorado. C. R. Jones (August 1): Boxeldor leaf roller more prevalent
throughout the State than for years. Practically all boxeldcr trees
completely defoliated.

CATALPA

CATALPA SPHINX (Ceratomia catalpae Bdv.)

Maryland. Gertrude Myers (August 24): Catalpa trees along Avcry Road, 3
miles east of Rockville, being defoliated.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Heavy defoliation reported from ornamental
pla-ntings in cities throughout the State.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (Au--ust 24): On August 20 several cata.lpa trees in
Grenada County, north-central Mississippi, were observed to be defoliated.

ELM

ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerucella xanthomelaena Schr.)

New England and New York. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (August 18): Abundant and
causing considerable injury to elhs, particularly in residential areas,
in many localities throughout New England and New York.

Massqchusctts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Causing considerable dr_'np.e, es-
pecially in towns in the eastern part of the State.







-496-


New Jersey. C. W. Collins (August 20): Noticeable injury observed in the
following towns: Chatham, Morristown, Florham Park, Hanover, Whippany,
Pluckemin, Parsippany, and Madison.

Virginia. L. D. Anderson and H. G. Walker (August): Rather abundant on
elms in some plantings near Norfolk.

L. G. Paumhnfcr (July 22): Dcstroycd a high percentage of the
foli.u c on the elm trees in the city park at Luray. On July 22 the
insect was mostly in the adult and pupal stages.

Ohio. E. W. Merdcneonhall (August 20): Severe injury in certain localities in
Columbus. Second brood working; now. (August 25): Found at Delaware,
north-central Ohio, infesting American elm. Leaves entirely laced.
First record of infestation at Delaware.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Specimens received from a nu'bcr of
localities in the southern half of Indiana, and observed to be definitely
increasing during the last few years.

Kentucky. W. A. Pricc (Aui {st 24): Reported as doing much damage in the
vicinity of Lexington early in August.

EL.: SAWFLY (Cimbex americana Leach)
Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Collected on elm at Lak-e City, in the
northern part of the Lower Peninsula, on August 3.

ELM LACEUG (Corythucha ulmi 0. & D.)

Connecticut and New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Danale severe on trees
growing in weedy or brushy areas in western Connecticut and eastern
T7ow York.

LARCH

LARCH SATFLY (Lygaenematus erichsonii Htg.)

Montana. J. C. Evenden (August 13): Insect recorded from the North Fork of
the Flathead River, north of Columbia Falls, in 1934. An infestation at
Walton, northwestern Montana, some 60 miles to the couth, was first re-
corded this season.

A SAWFLY (Platycam2us larivicorus Rohw. & Midd.)

Idaho. J. C. Evenden (August 22): This new species was first observed in
1921, when an outbreak occurred throughout northern Idaho and western
Monta--a. Reported on western larch at Granite, northern Idaho. First
reoccurrence of the insect which has been recorded.










LOCUST

LOCUST LEAF :IIMR (Chalopus dorsalis Thunb.)

Maryland. J. M. Miller (July 26): Feeding on locust leaves between Kenwood
and Calvert Beach, Calvert County. (Dot. by H. S. Barber.)

North Carolina. B. H. Wilford (August 2): Found severely attacking bl=ck
locust, jmining the loaves, on ridges and upper slopes in the following
northwestern counties: Burncombe, Mndison, Yancey, Mitchell, Avery, and
Henderson.

Tennessee. B. H. Wilford (August 20): Heavy defoliation of black locust
trees reported near Tellico Plains, on the North River section of the
Cherokee :'Tational Forest.

Ohio. E. W. Mendonhall (August 15): Quite serious on locust trees in
southeastern Ohio counties, bordering on the Ohio Rivcr.

LOCUST TWIG BO3R. (Ecdytolopha insiticiana Zell.)

Arkansas. P. H. Miller (Augst 22); Specimens of borers found in twigs
of black locust near Greenbrier, north-central Arkansas. (Dot. by
C. Hoinrich.)

MAPLE

GOUTJTY VEIN GALL (Dasynoura cormmunis Felt)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (AuiEust 15): Very bad on the leaves of two hard
maple trees at Belpre, Washing:-ton County, southeastern Ohio.

T. H. Parks (August 20): Specimens received from several widely
separated localities. Considerable defoliation occurred in Jefferson
County, eastern Ohio.

E. P. Felt (August 23): Extremely abur.ldant near Steubcnville,
east-central Ohio, most of the leaves on a very large sugar maapole
being seriously dnnmr
Indiana. J. J. Davis (A'.L7-ist 24): Reported as common at Crawfordsvillo
and Grencastle, west-central Indiana. Adults had emerged when received
on August 20.

GRZE:- STRIPED MAPLE WORM (Anisota rubicunda F.)

'.ow Hampshire. J. G. Conklin (August 29): Observed in localities throughout
the southern half of the State. Red maple trees entirely defoliated in
some places.







-49g-


Illinois. W. P. Flint (August 24): Causing some defoliation in the north-
western part of the State. Work of insect very spotted. Almost
complete defoliation of soft maples in a few localities.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): A number of hard and soft maple trees
defoliated in the vicinity of E-rnctsburg, northwestern Iowa, early
in August.

ELM SPAIVOFP21 (Ennomos subsignarius Hbn.)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (August 1): Trees on about 2 acres at Grantsville,
Garrett County, approximately 75 percent defoliated.

APHIDS (Aphiidae)

North Carolina. B. H. Wilford (August 2): A maple aphid (Neoprociphilus
acoris M1onell) is more abundant and destructive this season than in the
past at Asheville.

Ohio. G. A. Runner (Au.-ust 23): Norway maple aphid (Periphyllus lyropictus
Kess.) present in considerable numbers on maple but not so abundant as
in previous years in the Sandusky area.

A SKELETO'IZER (Epinotia aceriella Clem.)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (Aurust 27): Unusually abundant in Hardwick and
Greensboro, Caledonia and Orleans Counties, respectively, northeastern
Vermont. On some trees 75 percent of the loaves are infested.

OAK

TWIG PRUIR (Hypermallus villosus F.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Conspicuous on oaks, along high-
ways, but not so prevalent as during the last few years.

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Damage in the form of fallen twigs ob-
served on August 5 at Ludington, Howell, and Lansing.

OKAIGB-STRIPED OAK WOPRM (Anisota senatoria S. & A.)

Indiana. G. E. Gould (August 25): Defoliating many oak trees in the
northern half of the State.

A LEAF liER (Lithocolletes conglomeratclla Zell.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): D?.-iajed oak leaves received from Terry,
Hinds County, west-central 1ississippi.

GOLDEIr OAK SCALE (Asterolecanium varlolosum Ratz.)

New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Reported as very abundant on a chestnut
oak at Haverstraw, Rockland County.








-499-


A SCALE (Kcrmos pubescens Bogue)

Iowa. C. J. Drakce (August 22): Reported from Sioux City, western Iowa,
and Lamont, eastern Iowa. Apparently unusually abundant in the State
this year.

PIIJ2

WHITE-PIMS WEEViIL (Pissodes strobi Peck)

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (August 23): Injury reported from near Boston.

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (AL-uust 23): Df.npgc reported from here and there
in southwestern Connecticut.

SOUT-IHRN PIiE LBEETLE (Dendroctonus frontalis Zinnmi.)

Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina. W. J. Schoene (Au.-ust 23): A
serious outbreak occurred during the last 12 months over a wide area
extending from southern ".Iaryland to eastern ITorth Carolina, with heavy
injury near West Point and Frankli., Va. Losses estimated very high.
Extre-.cly wet weather during June and July was unfavorable to the
insect, so no spread was noted and new injury is difficult to find.

A BARK BEET2LE (Pityophthorus sp.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Specimens received from the
eastern part of the State, with the report that they were causing
serious injury to white pine.

AJIITJTUCKET PINE SHOOT 1 OTH (Rhyacionia frustrana Const.)

Maryland. C. A. Weigol (July 5): First observed on July 5 on munho pine
at Silver Spring and Beltsville, whore it was causing almost 100-percent
destruction of tips on ornamental plantings.

SPRUCE BJDTOR: (Cacoecia funiferana Cle2.)

Minnesota. R. H. iagel (July 21): Comion in the Minncsota-Ontario border
region. About 10 square miles of jack pine on the Out Foot Sioux
REarer District, Chippewa National Forest, heavily infested.

PAIjORA MOTH (Coloradia pandora Blake)

Colorado. N. D. 7,a,,,-it (August 1 ): A heavy flight of moths during July
from the infestation on the Arapahoc National Forest observed at Granby,
north-central Colorado. Moths spread over a much lar.-cr area and
thousands of females were attracted to lights in the nearby towns.
E:s- have not started to hatch.






-500-


PINE BARK APHID (Pineus strobi Htg.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 11): Found in a nursery at Gahanna,
Franklin County, on white pine.

SCOTCH PINE LECANIUM (Toumeyella numismaticum P. & McD.)

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Numerous on jack pine at Kenton, in the
western part of the Upper Peninsula, on August 4.

A PINE SCALE (Physokermes insignicola Crawf.)

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Loblolly pine attacked in Brazos County.

PIITE NEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinlfoliae Fitch)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 23): Inquiry as to control sent from Scotts
Bluff County, western Nebraska, on August g.

POPLAR

COTTONWOOD BORER (Plectrodera scalator F.)

Oklahoma. N. D. Wygant (August 22): Extensive damage being done to cotton-
wood in the United States Forest Service plantings in western Oklahoma.
Trees from one to several years old are infested. Heavily infested
trees break off in the wind.

SPRUCE

SPRUCE BUD SCALE (Physokermes piceae Schr.)

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Spruce bud scale received from Birmingham,
southeastern Michigan, on August 7.

SPRUCE MITE (Paratetranychus uniunguis Jacobi)

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): Reported as causing damage in
various places.

SUMAC

CATERPILLARS (Datana sp.)

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Early in August complaints and specimens
of caterpillars feeding on sumac were received. Field check-up at
Columbia indicated wild sumac as infested- by the same caterpillar.
On August 24 caterpillars had just completed their feeding and were
pupating.







-501-


A GALL (Pemphigus rhois Fitch)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Specimens of sumn.c received on
August 18 from Williwstown, northwestern Berkshire County, showing
the presence of this gall. Practically all insect specimens found
to boar wing pads, indicating that they wore nearly rrmdy for emergence.

SYCAi,:ORE

PL.LNETREE LACEBUJG (Corythucha ciliata Say)

Connecticut and New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Very prevalent irn.
western Connecticut and in the lower part of the Hudson River Valley.

WILLOW

LEAF BEETLES (Chrysomola spp.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 20): Spotted willow leaf beetle (C. interrupta
F.) injurious on willow stock in a nursery at Zanesville, Iuskingum
County.

Nebraska. I. H. Swonk (August 23): Cottonwood loaf beetle (C. scripta F.)
found attacking cottonwood trees in Garden County, western iT,-braska,
on July 29, and in Pierce County, northeastern Nebraska, on Aurust 1.

EUROPEAN WILLOW LEAF BEETLE (Plagiodera versicolora Laich)

New England and New York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Damagec somewhat generally
abundant, and here and there seriously injurious to willows in southern
Now England and southeastern New York.

POPLAR TENTMAKER (Ichthyuara inclusa Hbn.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 15): Found infesting willow trees in a
nursery at Columbus, doing some damage.

WILLOW-GROVE APHID (Melanoxantherium smithiao Monell)

Ohio. E. W. :.endenhall (August 19): Quite injurious and annoying on weeping
willow trees at Crooksville, Perry County. (Au.M-ust 25): Found in-
festinz weeping willow trees at Delaware, north-central Ohio.




1~


-502-


I NSEC TS AFFECT I NG GREEN HOU SE

AND 0 R T A M E N TA L P L A N T S

HAIRY CHINCH BUG (Blissus hirtus Montd.)

Connecticut. J. P. Johnson (August 22): Infestations in lowns more pre-
vwlent this year than last. Reported as occurring in New Haven, Ham-
den, Shelton, West Haven, Brid,-eport, Westpnrt, and Hartford.
E. P. Fult (August 23): Causing some injury to lawns at Stamford.

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (August 22): Chinch bujs are
at4 the height of their infestation now in eastern New York. They have
been brought out in great numbers by hot weather.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (August 25): The hairy chinch bug is causing
serious damage on a number of golf courses throughout the State.

Florida. A. N. Tissot (August 23): A chinch bug (B. insularis Barber)
reported as doing quite a bit of Cainage in St. Augistine grass lawns at
Gainesville. Also reported from Haines City.

GARDEN FLEA HOPPER (Halticus citri Ashm.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Auist 24): Very abundant and damaging ornamental
perennials and annuals in central Indiana.

A TREEHOPPER (Enchlicnopa binotata Say)

Michi'--n. R. Hutson (August 22): E;gs on bittersweet reported from Good-
rich on Au,-ust 15.

7MITE PEACH SCALE (Aulacaspis r-ent-r'n-i Targ.)

Virginia. H. G. Talk.r (August): We have continued to receive quite a
number of c-.lls for information on the control of this scale, which has
been attackinT a wide variety of trees and shrubs.-

South Carolina. F. Sherman and W. C. Nettles (Aug.ust 22): Several specimens
of this scale on mulberry from various localities.

OYSTERSHELL SCALE (Lepidosaohes ulmi L.)

New Hampshire. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (Au,-ust 19): Heavy infestation reported
on beech trees in Sullivan County.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 2)4): Roported as killing lilac in central and
northern Indiana and as attacking other shrubs and tree.

A W7ASP (Chlorion ichneumoneum L.)

I:.Lina. J. J. Davis (August 24): Reported in a number of places as boring
holes in lawns during the latter part of July and the first of August







-503_


in central Indiana. In one instance observed dragging crickets and
grasshoppers into holes dug in the ground by them.

S'TA..7BEPRY ROOT TEEVIL (Brachyrhinus ovatus L.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August 5): Found girdling the tender shoots of the
arborvitae trees in the nursery at Zanesville. (August 18): Some dam-
age from girdling of trees in nursery at Zanesville. Strawberry olant-
ation nearby.

Michigan. R. Hutson (August 22): Reported as entering houses at South Haven
on July 24, and at Frankfort and Thitehall on July 26.

Washiin;ton. M. H. Hatch (July 30): Consilerable numbers of the two species
(B. ovatus and B. sulctuis F.) reported in a house at Brcmurton.

AZALEA

AZALEA SCALE (Eriococcus azalcae Comst.)

Mississippi. N. D. Peets (Au.ust 24): Infestation of this scale found on
August 5 on azalea plants in McComb, Pike County, south-central Miss-
issippi.

AZALEA LACEBUC- (Ste,)hanitis pyrioides Scott)

INow York. E. P. Felt (August 23): Extremely abund-nt and injurious to
azaleas in Sc-rsdale.

CRAPEMYRTLE

CRAFEiFi'RTLE APHID (iAyzocllis kprhawaluokalani Kirk.)

Georgia. T. L Bissell (August 22): Very abundant and the plants heavily
laden with moldy honeydew at Griffin, northwestern Georgia. No injury
to foliage observed.

DM-AHL IA

SUNIFL7O2R WEEVIL (Rhodobaenus tredecimnunctatus Ill.)

Louisiana. C. A. Weigel (June 29): Reported as borirn: into the bulbs of
dahlias at Pineville, where a few were found in one field. (Det. by
L. L. Buch-onan.)

DCG7OOD

SAWFLIES (Macremnhytus son.)

Pennriylvr.ni-i. H. E. Hodzkiss (August 25): Larvae of two s-if-iles (M.
v.rianus Nort. and .'. tarsatus Say) defoliated dogwood generally during
Auist.






-504-


EUONYII US

EJIT'YMUS SCALE (Chionr.spis euonymi Comst.)

NTew York. R. E. Horsey (August): A serious pest in Rochester. On August
14 observed a large mass of Euonymus radicans vegetus, which had been
cut out of a private yard and thrown out, almost completely cov-red
with this sc-.le, youn1: leves and branchlets as well as old stems.

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (August 24): Twigs and leaves of euonymus heavily
infested w-ith this scale at Barnesville, central Georgia.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): On August 20 this scale reported as
abundant on euonymus plants at Canton in Madison County, central Miss-
issinpi. Leaves showing a heavy infestation of scale received on
August 4 from Brookhaven, in Lincoln County, southwestern Mississippi.

Texas. R. K. Fletcher (August 22): Reported from Ellis and Smith Counties.

GLADIOLUS

GLADIOLUS THRIPS (Taeniothrios simplex Morison)

Ohio. I. W. Mendenhall (August 22): Generally very destructive On gladiolus
plants, especially where treatments have not been given.

Indi'nn. J. J. Davis (August 24): R-ports of serious damage received
from all parts of the State.

IRIS

IRIS BORER (Macronoctua onusta Grote)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Very common throughout the State.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 22): R-eported as dimrnging iris plantings in
Cedar Pr'pids, east-central Iowa,

IVY

'AWRGINED BLISTER ?EETLE (Epicnuta marginata F.)

North Carolina. C. S. Brimley (August 19): Our first record of this species
on Hedra helix. Made at Southern Pines, central -,)rth Carolina, where
it was dam-nin.: ivy severely. It is most commonly complained of on
Clematis paniculata which it often completely defoliates.

JUNIPER AND CEDAR

JUNIPER WEBWORM (Dichom-:ris mar inellus F.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendenhall (August ll): The juniper webworm is doing some
injury in a nursery and cemetery south of Columbus.









-505-


JU-TNIER. SCALE (Diaspis carucli Targ.-Tozz.)

Pennsylvania. H. E. HodCkiss (Auust 25): Juniper scale very abundant.

:ichi;.an. R. Hutson (Au-ust 22): Youn- scales just establishing themselves
on juniper in Highland Park, southeastern Michigan, on August 2. Win-oed
males present.

CEDAR BARK 5E'TLE (Phlocosinus cristatus Lec.)

Nebraska. M,. H. Swcnk (Aug-ust 23): Reported as attacking cedar trees in
Hanilton County, southeastern Nebraska, on Aui-ust 2.

PRIVET

THRIPS (Thysanoptcra)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (Auu.ust 23): Privet thrips (Dendrothrips ornatus
Jabl.) causing- some injury at Stanford.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Au ust 24): Thrips (species unknown) very abundant on
privet at La Fayette and elsewhere, and appreciably dana-ainp the foliage.

RHOLODEn!DR,?IN

A LACE3_UG (Tingidae)

North Carolina. B. H. Wilford (Au .ust 2): Found very destructive on
Rhododendron catawbiense in a commercial nursery at Pincola.

ROSE

A BEETLE (Carpophilus pallipennis Say)

Colorado. C. R. Jones (August 1): Very prevalent throughout the State
in all types of blossoms, and doin7 considerable damage in rose gardens.

SPIREA

RED-B2,L',D LEAF ROLLER (Ar:yvrotaenia velutinana ",alk.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (AugTust 20): Found fcedinI on spirea plants in a nursery
at Columbus, and destroyin.:- folia-e. Also quite a pest of a-rle.








-506-


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND

DOMES T I C AN I MALS


MAN

MOSQUITOES (Culicinae)

Vermont.. P. C. Bishopp (August 25): According to H. L. Bailey, very few
mosquitoes around Lake Dunmore this summer. One of the late records for
the appearance of Aedes cinereus Moig. was August 7. (Det. by A. Stone.)

:.qssachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 24): Veritable scourge of mosquitoes
brought about by the unusually heavy and frequent rains in July. Com-
plaints of their abundance from all parts of the State.

Connecticut. A. W. lMorrill, Jr. (August 1): Mosquitoes, apparently Gulex
spp., have been extremely prevalent in the Hartford area for the last
week, during an unusually hot and humid period. Following a period of
extreme rains the insects appeared in swarms. They are stated to be
more numerous and more persistent in entering houses than at any time
within recent years. Although normally they will not attack except at
dusk, they have been present at all times of the day. Screens which have
been in past years quite adequate for keeping them out of the house have
failed this year completely.

Yew Jersey, Delaware, and M.,aryland. C-. H. Bradloy, W. A. Connoll, and J. A.
Rowc (Au.-ust): Large broods of A. sollicitans Walk. emcreed following
heavy rains during the middle and latter part of July and caused mos-
quito infestations in both inland and resort towns in southern New Jersey,
Dela'.ire, and eastern Maryland. 'Brood of late July particularly large
and annoying during the first 2 weeks of August. In southern New Jersey,
although A. sollicitans was the predominating species, considerable
numbers of A. voxans Moig. were also present.

Illinois. F. C. Bishopp (August 1): oReports received of the appearance of
large numbers of the shaggy-legged gallinipper (Psorophora ciliata F.)
during late July. Very annoying to man in manufacturing plants near
the river bottoms.

California. F. C. Bishopp (August 25): In late July 103 mosquitoes tnkoen
in 1 trap in 1 day at Fresno by P. Simmons. Mosquitoes reported as
being annoying in the vicinity.

BAT BUG (Cimex pilosollus Horv.)

Delaware. E. A. Back (July 26): Found in ruffles of curtain at window, in
bed close to window, and on upholstered chair in living room in home
near Newark. No biting of occupants reported. (Dot. by H. G. Barber.)








-507-


CHIGGER (Tro-ibicula irritans Riley)

Jersey. T. H. Jones (Au-u7nt 20): There have been a number of comr.laints
of chi;-'crs.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Au.-ast 24): Chi!gerc were very annoying throughout
nost sections of the State durin- Auust.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (Auusat 22): Complaints of unusual abundance of chir,-ers
received from Burling-ton, southeastern Iowa, Sioux City and River Sioux,
western Iowa, and. Dubuque, eastern Iowa.

EYE GNATS (Hippelates spp.)

Maryland. F. C. Bishopp (August 25): These gnats present in considerable
numbers throughout August around dogs, and occasionally annoying to man.

TROPICAL RAT 1,ITE (Liponyssus bacoti Hirst)

South Carolina. C. Nettles (August 22): One case of rat mite affecting-
man has recently come to our notice. (Det. by F. C. BishoppT.)

SADDLE-BACK CATERPILLAR (Sibine stimulea Clem.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Sent in repeatedly from the southern two-
thirds of Indiana, the first report being dated August 3, and reports
received up to the present. In many cases reported as feedincz on corn,
but in most cases refer to having been bitten or stung7 by this cater-
pillar. Iore reports received this year than any year during the last 18.

AX.RIC.A:T DOG TICK (Dormacentor variabilis Say)

Maryland, Virginia, and District of Columbia. F. C. Bishopp (August 2h):
This tick quite scarce in the District and nearby :1aryland, as is usual
at this date. The third death from Rocky .-.untain spotted fever in
Montgomery County today. (Au.-ij.st 29): A recent report by Dr. C. H.
Halliday, of the Maryland Department of He-alth, states that there have
been 33 cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever with 11 deaths reported
so far this year in :laryland.. This is a higher mortality, than last year,
when 7 deaths and 55 cases were reported. Montgomery, Anne Arundel,
Baltimore, and Prince Georges Counties showed the largest number of cases.
The nu!:lbcr of cases of spotted fever in Virginia nnrears to be about
normal, though complete reports are not available. Seventeen cases
were reported the first 2 weeks of Au-ust.

J. A. Hyslop (Augast 23): A fully engorged tick was token from a
dog at Silver Sprin--, 'Md., today. A tick only slightly attached to a
person on August 27 was reported from near Rockville, '.










.. .s.. alkr -iC-a..ks .ve bece. rcortci


...... ...... ... .n._ st o_ fer few s- cifti : s.... on
-.. r. .. .-:" th h a rsst onsth. to I"-~s ex-ine.






.:a" ---- an '---_... 7 -" -t a" -rcZ b'F .. c i.
s.r-i c'"h' --cr :'.s c .'-sir-c c r-s_.5-'*"-'?_c a~i~s'-:" "" to 'wor''ccr's in" 'the '"ffi_'.'s







-7 =7acr

- -"-~: c ....e. .s .rc7- a -o at 21cm .
rizcs that this -as tho first case
^" 1 ^^h^ "' ^ ci *" _.. -'^ n an _. o- T cr aW Iw 5 Tr*fcs s o _hcer i.rfinite
-- -- or. -
rcc~ris:r::::7c :r^>-~ zv'-L -r,-i:-a this 7e-.

3 U'-t- --' Z oaca3 C- Q = r? sltir, from a







... ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ _1 7. tr-: i..j-s n21); f*. reas aC ae fsr w r-r~rc
...... a,,W : ni: :?x.


ir..2'c -J- ire7;; *r r r.--" ctive ir the
3 2rc.vlr --.-... a, i 0r2 rewtor:E:








fr-- ~ : .... ..-^ ' ^* :- -- -i in4 ^ ^ ^ ^ ,^ ^ *^. ^ ^0
t~
:- C te-i t






-4 -'4 - . -r -r-- -- urs
n .S -_ n-:n-,,I- t- S _--_ 1..u t rLoC



... .. ...:: : r~ =A-- .... .. ..... r c.... .r SC ...* r o t.sa

...__i_ ri, ; .. ... -" i .'S .. 'S-;llc s oc


n -- -. -- -





.. ..- s.r....-;_r-_ at


te.ae. *S. -i- : ll i the hea7vv rafi.s ir t'c.r. a th:i.ir.12
t...i. u. c .aenz-._ fa av.zrahso sCcr erc rI o rs
-.-'-' -< -': _C- "7-"--e c caz : ": :f z~















.r -ar-.n an i sstric t of Co'-.bi a. C2. 3 ishp ki- T - -
2:.1-~~t ac- :) to ':nan~
and. nr-- "ra.. c ir. of 'i it -- c c a
worried, r_.n. in -..". casCs te cars sf Os -are C -r '

..V (--..-;'y2 irri4ans

G-eor::ia. A. i4 y (-g C nC st ", "" so --r -S- 7 .... rn t '-- --
!i:s avcrasc a';o-t o per -.-.-.-.

Florida. Brody (rost -,, t rcs-t in in-tcnsc --s -rs o- z-:s-
on .5:-t 9. '-ics covered s:-e of thc anias Mikc a t.arc:. :-
aninals showed co-nsideraL i. 0- ont- te -:.nr' ... .. C? r
few horn flies In-,ed ir- -f'"d- Co-r.ty, : -ilcs sr-."- c "-dn -_'- --


C- n t -- o / -
Geor>ia. A. I. 2ri. (Anzst 20 : As noted at the crcr: al far- ".
chcck ani-als, i. the vicin.t' of -al ost a, a slih-. :--ac -"... i
the r r of ticks -)f this s-ccies tnri'. lst

Floriia. A. .:'- iy (kA.st I A.t est e sc, :r- r c a -r -
cattle rcportc- as infested with nild to .eav.; _-:n: ti--. --
.stuarcd in cn.dr:y o .--dcxinC a "-t 1 -.l s.-hf- 'e.
2u-lf coast tick also rz :rtc as aP7 i Hinhla-ds :-- .. .
doin2 ;rcat d?-..c.

-,ississipi. C. L.ie (A-]-_st C): icks taker-n fro-n a cc.7 an r s
.r-nty,, scr-theastern "-ssissipi, ar n -a a P
_ss -',an ra anne~ m- s'e m: T----,
-: ..t... :Just north of Jackson o n-.



-:--.:A: B2--y (2-asroranhilis nn-oli s

Iowia. T c. "eIIs (; st 23' Ztcr a >teo- I;:--2e a. :.---= ---
the last t4-o -__ eks f J^ly, "this Cst r'_-a:
Scr. ;c... n7s-p .s ....-ore actve ac n arin he e--r- -cr-- c
s'.z--er, c -r--:" the =.'n--:r of eggs ot:ainci -n cgn trans e:-osi -n
horses.






aine. F. 3i2 ishc-- (A'-.s.. 2' Scc`ine f:-. rr-i -
first record for L'2>:.za a-d "he second for .an- _r.=_r..




-77


-510-


Georgia. A. L. Brody (Aurist 20): An exceedingly heavy infestation of this
tick found on a dog at Valdosta, July 28.

GOAT

SKEEP 3:,TFLY (Oestris ovis L.)

Georgia. A. L. Brody (Aun.Kst 20): During the last month 23 g-oat heads
emuincd, of which 15 had nose bets in some external head cavity. Most
of the larvae found in first stage and half-grown second sta4':c. A few
found on Angust 18 were full-grown third-stagc larvae.


HOUSEHOLD AND S T OR.ED-PR ODU CTS INSECTS


ANTS (Formicidao)

Pennsylvania. Mrs. C. !!ulicry (Au-ust 16): Ants (Monomnorium- pharaonis L.)
found infestin; a house in Philadelphia. (Dot. by R. A. &i-hmn.'r-.

District of Columbia. E. A. Back (August 15): Ants (Camponotus herculeanus
pennsylvanicus Deg.) collected in the northwestern section of the city
of Washinj;ton. (Dot. by R. A. Cushman.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (A.--ust 24): Specimens of 11. pharaonis were recently
received from correspondents at Columbus in Lowndes County and Vest Point
in Clay County with the report that they were causing annoyance in
houses. Both locations are in o-.st-crntral Mississippi. Inspector J.
Ililton reported on August 20 that he found fire ants (Solenopsis xyloni
F.) causing serious d'-,'c to dahlia plants in Jackson, Hinds County.
Specimens of this species have also been received from correspondents at
Tupelo in Lee County, northeastern 1.isrissippi, and Bro0okavcr! in Lincoln
County, with reports that they were abundant in houses, yards, and
gardens. Lincoln and Hinds Counties arc in the southwestern part of the
State. An ant (Solenopsis molesta Say) was found in a kitchen in Stark-
ville, Oktibbeha County, cast-central Fississippi.

Ohio. E. A. Back (July g): Ants (Tctroiiu caospitun L.), winged, forms,
received from Cincinnati whore they were infesting basement of dwelling.
(Det. by 'M. R. Smith.)

Oregon. S. C. Jones (August 16): Ants (Pogononyrmex occidentalis Cress.)
sent in for identification with the report that they were doing serious
injury to peach trees near Halfway, Baker County, northeastern Oregon.
(Dct. by R. A. Cushman.)

A V7ASP (Polistes fuscatus variatus Cress.)

Nebraska. '.. H. Swonk (August 23): Reported present in Knox County on
August 8 and 15 in such numbers at and over a stock waterinT tank that







-511-


neither people nor livestock could come near the tank without !ettin;r
stung. Over 300 wasps killed in one day. Similar complaint from
Dou-las County on Au7,ist 12 and one from Gage County on Au -4ust 3U.

A WASP (Trypoxylon clavatum Say)

Maryland. F. C. Bishopp (Aug-ust I): Two specimens sent in on July 29,
collected at Silver Spring from holes in clapboards in housc. (Det. by
G. A. Sandhouse.)

BRO i-BA.TLED COCr.OACH (Supclla supellectiliumn Serv.)

Ohio. M. W. Smith (Au7fust 6): Reported from Columbus, in a private hone in
Bexley, a suburb. Several spcci-Icns of each sex collected. This is
the first infestation in this immediate vicinity that I know of.

HOUSE CR'CKET (Gryllus don-esticus L.)

Connecticut. E. A. Back (July 28): Specimens received from houses in 7ater-
bury, where they were reported to be abundant and destroying clothing:.

Pennsylvania. E. A. Back (July): Specimens received from owner of house
who claims that they emerged at nicht on all floors, including' basement
and attic, and that they were da.,nin clothing. Killed as :--r.- as 50
in one evening.

Ohio. T. H. FParks (Au.-ust 20): Specimrns from Hamilton and Portsmouth.
Developed in waste material of city dumps and have spread to nearby homes.

F. C. Bishopp (Au -ust 5): Troublesome household pest near a dump
in Dayton.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Auc-ust 24): Reported as annoying in homes in several
points in southern and central Indiana.

jF,'-'PEA T EARWIG (For.ficula auricularia L.)

Rhode Island. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (Auu-ast 1): Ar'- 1art in some localities
in the vicinity of Nevzport during July.

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (Au--7ast 1): Abundant in onme localities
in the vicinity of Taunton during July.

New York. E. A. Back (July 23-Au-ust 4): Troublesome in homes and gardens
in Rochester. (Dot. by A. B. Gurney.)

RI :G-LEGGED EAF.IG (2uborcllia annulipes Lucas)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (August 24): Hundreds of c.irwiLs were observed on
Aui ast 16 around a silaLe cutter on a farm in Jackson County. A' irently
brought in from the fields on screen corn and soybeans.







-512-


BARKLICE (Psocidae)

New Hampshire. J. G. Conklin (Au,-ust 29): Psocids (Ccrastipsocus venosus
Burn.) appeared in unprecedented numbers in all ptrts of the State.

Connecticut. E. A. Back (July 18): Psocids (Psocus sp.) in numbers in winged
formi at Money Island, Stony Crook, in unfinished attic of shore cottage,
recently shingled, shaded by overhanging trees. (Dot. by A. B. Gurney.)

Colorado. E. A. Back (August 1): Psocids overrunning d. -): basement library
in a private hone in Denver. House 2jr years old with bookc. ses adjoining
walls. Psocids appeared soon after books wore placed in the basement.
House fumigated three times, and 2 days after last fumigation, July 29,
the psocids were in evidence, apparently coning in from outside via
open windows, as most abundant nearest to windows.

SFBI7JTAILS (Sira spp.)

New York and Pennsylvania. E. A. Back (July 19): Springtails, probably
Sira buski Lubbock, nuinerous about window sills and in an raartnent in
Upper I'anhattan, iJrw York City, N. Y. Gprizgtalls, siro. 1atani Lubbock,
collected about windows of house in Philadelphia, Pa. TDet. by C. F. W.
Muesebeck.)

BEETLES (Coleoptera)

United States. E. A. Back (July and August): Odoriferous beetle (Nomius
pygmaeus Doj.) invaded houses and hotels in Portland, Oreg., in numbers
sufficient to cause newspaper comment on July 23. Appearance in houses
stated to have followed a rather dry summer and correspondent refers to
similar appearance which came to his attention 34 years a&-o when the
insect was identified by Dr. L. 0. Howard. Specimens'of a dermestid
(Thylodrias contracts Iuots.) troublesome in home in Chicr-o, Ill., July
10. Hide beetle (Dormestes vulpinus F.) abundant in general market store
in ."j.in;ton, D. C., on Alu-ust 9, developin- upon meat scraps allowed
to collect in sawdust beneath a woodcn, slatted platform over c-ement
floor. Mature larvae migrating about store, burrowing into cartons of
ricn, cakes of soap, and other commodities, and honeyconbin, shelving
and supports of meat blocks. Furniture carpet beetle (Anthrenus vorax
Wtrh.) from Belgrade, Yugoslavia, July 21, where they were r'ing woolen
clothing. Specimens alive when examined in Washington, D. C. On August
5 --!e species was found abundant in all stages in an upholstered piece
of furniture in a house, Washington, D. C. Coninomus constrictus Gyll.
is abundant in adult form in a newly constructed apartment building,
July 13, in New York City. The suame species found abundant on July 25
in a house in Missouri built in 1936. Beetles first noticed about l4
months ago. House fumigated in August 1937 with apparently satisfactory
results. Beetles returned in force in July 1938 and continually becoming
more numerous. Numerous specimens of Mycetophagidao (Typhaea stercorea
L.) received from Indianapolis, Ind., July 6, whore they were found in
a house.









-513-


Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 11): The cadelle (Tr-nebrioides mauritanicuc L.)
has damo-,gcd -.'heat stored in a warehouse at Fort Vallc-.y, centr-1l -.orga.

Michigan. J. J. Davis (August I): Beetles (Leperisinus aculeatus Say)
originally from Detroit, sent in by a Mr. Stover. Reorted that they
were abundant in the basement of a home. (Det. by M. W. Blackvnan who
states that they nearly certainly cmcr:-cd from ash wood stored in
basement.)

Illinois. T. E. Snyder (August 2): A cossonid (Hexarthrum ulkei Horn)
found damn.inr: the woodwork of buildings in Chicago. (Dot. by T. L.
Buchanan.)

Texas. C. Eagleson (July 19): Bostrichid (Schistoceros hamatus F.) adults
reared at Dallas from larvae burrowing in cedar cigar box and, in-
cidentally, causing injury to cigars packed within box. (Dot. by W. S.
Fisher.)

Washington and Oregon. H. H. Sta.-c (July 29): Several inquiries have been
made regarding Nomius pygmaeus Dej., the malodoiuew ground beetle, within
the last 2 weeks. Has been reported in gardens, dwellings, and apart-
ments in Shelton and La Grando, .aash.., and Portland, Oreg. Scorns to
be attracted to lights during evening. (Dot. by R. L. FuIrness.)

California. P. Simmons (July 20): The infestation of a house at Fresno
by Oryzacphilus surina-ze nsis L., the saw-toothed grain beetle, crawling
from raisin stommer trash was reported today by telephone. The trash,
to be used as fertilizer, has been on the premises of a neighbor for
about a week. A similar report vwas. investigated in 1937.

BOOKLOUSE (Troctes divinatorius Mull.)

Maryland. F. C. Bishopp and E. C. Gushing (August 4): Collected on books,
Au.ust 3, at Silver Spring. (Det. by A. B. Gurney.)

SOTUTJG-S (Crustacea)

Ohio. F. C. Bishopp (August 5): Sowbuws (Porcellio lo.evis Latr., Por-
ccllionides pruinosus 3rdt., and Armadillidiun vulgare Latr.) reported
from Dayton as evcr,-'hcre by the millions in the houses, especially
in the basements. The walls are actually covered thick with them. They
are 3 or 4 inches deep in the furnace pipes, and houses smell like
dead aii:'ials. Area most affected near a dunp. Reported by .. K.
3arnett. (Dot. by J. 0. ..aloney.)





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

3 1262 09244 6706 1111111 II
3 1262 09244 6706