The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00103

Full Text





THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN



























Volume 15 October 1, 1935 Number 8


BUREAU OF

ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013










http://archive.org/details/insectl935no8









I SECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN



ol. 15 October 1, 1935 No. 8



THE MORE IMPORTANT RECORDS FOR SEPTEMBER 1935

In the Great Plains region from n orth Dakota to Kansas, grasshoppers are numerous and weather conditions have been favorable for continued egg la, ying.

Further reports received during September confirmed the statement
made in the last Survey Bulletin that the hessian fly is generally serious in the Eastern and East Central States.

The corn ear worm is normal to subnormal over the Eastern States,
with serious damage reported to tomatoes in the Great Basin and the-Pacific iorthwe s t.

The corn leaf aohid is exceedingly abundant in the East Central States.

Sugarcane borer populations in the cane fields of Louisiana are said to be the lowest they have been in the past 25 years.

Codling moth damage in the Eastern States is comparatively low. Hiih temeratures during the first )art of the month, however, resulted in a dCecided increase in the amount of worm=7 fruit in the Pacific Northwest.

The flat-headed apple tree borer is decidedly more troublesome than usual from In-cdina vrestwvard to Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma.

The oriental peach moth was reported as doing some damage in the
southern part of ew Haps hire. It also attracted attention throughout the Midele Atlantic and East Central States. The insect was foundC for the first time in the vicinity of St. Joseph, Mo.

The vegetable weevil was re-orted injuring turnips during the third week in September in ississipi. This is unusually early for this insect to be troublesome.

The Mexican bean beetle was reported during the month from Caledonia and Chittenden Counties, Vt. These are new northern records for the distribution of this pest.


3 7





7,4
11


:he -fall wc'jT.-or-,-I is -e- er,17.,- )Ievp.le- t 17e'. 7--Cla:-'
t"Ie X st Ce -ltipl States. I'e also I-iave re-)orts of 7eb-To::.-., fro.,.ICXFS an;'. Colorado.

An umisual al-Z_ sei iouo infest, -tioi-i of incI: --,)i-.-le b--- a scaraIa--id bootl;
(pacli-rstatlius olivia Horn) is re-Dort-C. L roi-. 1. icIIiL-an, t'ae 'ceetlef-: -efolit:,ie


THE MORE IIAPORTArT E1701MOGICAL J:7
70IR SEPT313=1 1935

In centr,-Ill :.Ianitoba t1ie 'iot, wet of June July started -77ous di se ,,se v .ii cli 7-illo(' o"" r.iost ot tzie 'IL i e col' E_--t -----"as reCuced t1ie egL;-la-y"i. a in Liat Province. In t e Rei"
n ; ,Derio 'i ver Va
lol,, iloi-,,ever) _rass.ao-p.,pe:.,s lai-. enou-rh egr,-s to constitute a :i,.enace in 1 'ovi llco* I 1i
z)ome toublc also C-evelo-) in soutIr-estern ai-cas of t, I e P- i
Sa sl :a t c'_I&, 7an grassho- a-,
,),?e--s force," the early cuttLIg o- o _ts rat'-aer
ge ne ral 1-7- in southern ancl central (7.ist:7icts, but losses on t_ .'Ie viholc were riio CLe rat e A ).,eliminarr surve- bund-cc in "ie
Y CI -rassI-.o-:),)er a 1 n..'icp.tes that a. considerable outbrea1z is afain in -)ros-,)ect for lc3G. i -i Alberta so.-2e fields shovie-7. fro r i 10 to SO -oercent of w' ieat 'leaas on Froiua as a result of grass'Lio-)--)or attaclcs; oats anf. barle-7- also sufl ered, largely due to lacI: o-L" earl7r season -001SOYMIPo

A marl:e,_'. re,!,,-,ction in the mr-,bers of the cormao-,. fie!,-'. cricl:et comI is re-DorteO in t.ie Prairie ,rovinccs.

Wireworms are conside-.,-e( the most serio-zs iDroblem af-Z ectinc 7heat
I II -ie Peace River anc. a'
-zo(f-uction i- tI .jF.cent agricultural areas off Alberta
Pn'). Dritis'.- Col,,inbia.

Darz, --o the ivneat stem sa,,-Ifl-- is E;reater us-0 7 1 in
-ievia-n vi'iero :ie c-o-) is not badly rus e L
-icts o' Sp.ska'uc'L U o s s e s "r or.,i
t:iis insect in some )arts of sout'Liern Alberta raiiGed "On' 5 to 30 nercenL of the crop.

Daj-iage b-r t'ae i,,,he-,t stem ma-"ot in southern Hianitoba is
t1lan last but in a few -)l!,,ces ran ed as :Iil:i as 3 percent .

_Le ,)orts frol-.i New Bal'U-1iswick, Ontario, and the Prairie Provinces a,,)-,)ec-r t,) ilidicate a-.,_ increased intensit- ol infestr .tion of the Colorado wtato
t 1 e

The im-oorte ;. cabbaGe wor i vas unusual 1, abundant in Ontario. Severe c was .11so 2e-)orte I in part ; ol" SaskatcI-,ewaz en,". -:ritis'd Col-.-m,bia.

T'io red turni-) beetle is rc-)orted to be normally one o'f tile worst
71-)Osts of turni-)s, sweet a!7,ssum, antfl. allied Li Peace !liver area
of"' Albert,-, anO Dritis.1 Colu:nbia. Infost ,.tions o,---mear to *1ave boe., -)articu1 ,xl-- scvero eLu-il-L 1 3" a"I" 1 3-








6 5


Scatterc:1- re-)orts observations -jjCjCate t-l,,,t So,,yfS St;rj : 'OU is CD
becoming CAstributed over souther:i Alberta. It wl -.s first found in t'--Le U31--in area, J--1 the of 10,35- Its iosts are wheat anf. r.mstarC-.

The r e i s a h e a v: 7 i i if e s t at i o ---- o f c -- i i -.-I c'-,- b u z s a f f e -1 S lawns ancl
meaCLow grasses in 1-11alifax anC. Yarmout'l-i 'Counties, Nova Scotia, an -)robably general, thro,-,-L,ho-u.t the Province. Many lawns Crass plots have been ,almost com-oletely destroyed.

Incrersef abun( P.nce of gla iolus things as compared with 1034 is reI)orteeL to be general in Ontario.

Many complaints reC,-rding the European ear,,,,,iS; li,,ve been made in the P7 cific coE?.st area of 3ritish Col-Li,"bia an :. on Vancouver Islaff'. The parasite Digonic.-iaeta setipennis Fall. has become established in certai-111 localitics.
-ie gray-bande( lea' roller has
mar'lcee- red:action t' e ntu7ibers of tL I
occurred in t1ie An.,- a-)olis Valle-, Nove. Scotia, probabl- larL ---ely owii-l- to
natti7al control factors.

Injur- b-,r the codling mot1i in the Niagara district, Ontario, is rmch less seve---e t.ian ill 1934.

The oriental fruit moth is mucli less abun -,ant in the 17iezara CAstrict than last year.

The blunt-nosed lea,"'ho-o-.?cr was 'ounCl'- to be -Dresent in all vril cranberr-,,7' bogs sout:i ol- Anna--)olis Royal, ITova Scotia. This insect is a carrier of false blos--o-:, i ,-Lsease of cranberries.

The European s-Druce sa7,-fflZ-- has bee-n founC in Cumberlan,". anC. Pictou
Counties, Nova Scotia. In Quebec the s-)ecies has beer. found Lenerally C-isbuted' between,. the St. La,--irence and Saguena- -ivers, an at localities ex'enCLin.- to t'-ae western bouraar-!r of the Province. It is also foubtfully recorded at Oba, in northern Ontar-Lo.

Larvae ol' the blac'1-."heade," bud 7orm were ,-,,.ore numerous t1lian last year, on fir anCL s-=ce, in the Maritime Provinces an2 t1ie Gns-oe Peninsula, C uebec.

A severe infestation of t.ce w1nite-mafl--ed. tussock -mot*1-i was re-ported in Ye%*r B:ainsv!ick an(! 1,Tova Scotia.

Trees contiiTae to ae throujiout -'Tova Scotia as a result of in-ur- ; Y bali am woolly a--1)hiCL, and. the total loss in mature sta,-, ;!.s is consiCLereO. "UI-6bably about --,0 percent. Man.- lcr--e stands have been -practi.cally (lestroyed.






-7


-c borer, TacerOn s melanura L.y 11as been re-oorteI causi----rzr e t o -p i 1 i n n -i e '-iaxbour of Sai t Jou- nn ,ew 3runs,--7--clk.
s-)ecilcs 'L, as been recorr',Led froi-,i certain localities i:-- Provinces 01 1 ova cotia) quebec, Ontario, aneL li ianitoba.

T'ic paralysis tick is more nu:,,e:.-ous than nol"iral ir. ce--tain sec.4 ons ol" southern Alberta. A fatal case of Rock-j 1:ountai--,- s-ootteO. fever) is c -,,rried b7r this species of tick, occurref- in the Manyberries sec.-'-3---- ai'ff. aIDDears to be the first aut'llientic case re--)orted from t:ie Province.

Was-os ilave been a very numerous an troubles "Ie pest on Vancouver Island, British Columbia.

S-oecimer.s of the black widow s-oider 1-.1ave been ta1cen locall:7- in the victoriai a Astrict.






io 7


T Z N E R A L F 3 E D E R S

GRASSHOPPERS (Acrididae)

Illinois.* R. C. Hall (Se--)terY,)e-2): An u11usual infestation of grasshoppers
wFs observe! on Au .s-* 6 in a --o-a-!- -)ip-iti- of '-e anCL
-it Bptli. I-i o-,-ie ':ie-e two s )ec es 'Iiaf, bee-n -)in- "c" a_)o-at
75 -!?ercent iad bee-,'I killeO.- ti-ese i --, s e c'.- s '_Iile C.a-,mge was caused br
C-efoliation r nd "by, 'U".ie pruning an( o: .:' sra ll b-,anc7IeS. o ria e
trees vre2o -p:mned 1 _ow:-i so that only :7 naked leader re-mained,
Four s--)ec-*.ec- were collected., .o-.:)Ius ,ngustipemiis S-c-,.-" stocerca aluto.cca arr. ; S aeraLe -_io- collare Scudc'I. ) an i siniaia fenestralis Serv.
"I- T: -ptetiber 21): 13r;-,",it, wan' de-rs during_', late
-7or4--. Dpkota. D.. 3i: tc'her (Se
u--st SE)-,)tc-_-_.bor viere f;7Lvo-,-a,)Ie fo.- la-,;-iiig. Aa :, it s
of C amnula -oellucida Scu,"_-.. have tactically _7isa-_,)7_)eared, bL7 t r
re oecies oi,, -xst-ares aiid range
s a 'U'J-,-e -rounc.. AC_-c.lts o" otl-Lei: zn we t e 7ort'-j Da'--ota are nuimro,,- s 4-n- some -olaces. la. i.Leren ialis
o s s a s u c c e s c o m e b a i -, I t a e soutlliwe7ter-ll part o--L- tI, e
State.

-out'_i Dakota. 11. 0. Soverin (Se,)tc,-_fb_- 20): Ran, ;a s-ecies o:E grassho-p-pers
have incr er.ormo-asi-, in over muc' o' e western, t ro- irfs
of South Dc--I:ota. G_1-ass'_-io-,1LDe_-s rt*,, ,cking cro- )s vicre chie- 'ly
Lf. bivittatus Say 1. mexica-nus Sauss.) and Discosteira carolina L.
DamFge was i-i Lv-ard,'ens, sma-li n-rains, alfalfa, s, ,reetclover, flax,
aM,_ C0,711.

I ji7a Hl. E. j, -Ues (Septe-7,,ber L:-)4): 3Xrass.io-)-.D_-:rs a-fe uirasijally abundant
t1lrou out :-_iuc'_-i ot' the State. M. C differentials andli. femur-rubrum De'31. -oredoMinate. So-riie of"' t.ie :7arer c-I)ecies a-,-- rat'ier easil,,, fou-_)_d.
Kansa s H. R. Br. son (&e-DIU-ci.aber 25): 'rass_- op- onsi-era'blo.
IV _)ers occur in
abundance in so-_,e local.4 es. Th-, so,-cle,, mos' =o__ --icou.-i' are
M. dif-ferentialis, LL bivittatus, V. mexicanus, and 1,% fenTur-rubr-m.

FALL AW70RIA ( La-r)h= f rugi-Derda S.

?,s. L. T-omas (Septe.ber 10): : all armr-ior-,- ,s, t7:,ro-t-iirds grown, ,,rcre
ass=in.- f ie al-:Ir ,; hF,.bit on Ber:-.mC. lawns E,,t Collece Statio.,,, 3rya.--y Z,,,nC.
Uavasota o:- Se-)te,--.oer 11. 2C,.,gs viere laid a7bo- L the firs-. of Se-.)tember
is ta'.:ii g -ol,-,ce at the prcse-nt dFte. Para- ites, -re present lb-at not maffl-ciently al)un.l.ant to -oreve-2t tl-te -)pe-rance o" anot'-er generatio-n.

CLOUDLESS SITILP17CM (13,ato-osilia eubale L.

South Carolina. C. ', aro (Se7)'e .-ber 17) A -.ictin-t i,licration o ),is
butterfl,7 was o,)serve". at t-.-e Trucl: ExiDeriment Station at Charlesto-n
fro- 2 to --.m. o-.-1 Se-pte--,ber 15. Tho a-"ternoon was cloiiC1 t:io te.-r-)er_IiL I :,- U C, 1-) -7. a-_aC. tu.ie -_-eiativc .,.-u-midity was 67
ature dUr' the fli"t 7'









--,-c di, :-cc i or- of the li,7h'u was t- o- !c-r t c':
1-. IG_ cr a sli breeze. DurinLz t--ie af ter '._ e n
'irst noticed, -ncarl-r 100 butterflies we--e seen "lying at a _nei!i 7Lt
o-r' IL-10 fect ac-o ; a 2-acre field" 31 co-antc(I the I r t 10
Llie f li f)_t was stop:- cCi by of the sk-j -"ue t,,,) P. local
s', owe r. A fcw butterflies sou, ;ht shelter in of bE.- mboo.

Audalit (J-, _Iie 20': We have ,-iot-_cc1. t-.-Le first flight in Port-auPrince, coii,, toware- the east.

CEREAL AND FORAGE- CROP INSE CT S

ITHEAT

HESSIAN FLY (I hytoi)ha,--- destructor Say)

R Painter anO. W. 3. I'Toble (September 23): eSsi, - 1Y i estation has increased cons 4,Ic -ably this, season, favorefl Dy t x -2ather
grovit'-1 of volunteer wheat. All stage,,:-, of larv -.e as ,-!ell as -ou-oaria are present in volunteer. Parasit-ization is li.17ewise on the increcce. In
the vicinity of La Falette t'.'Le degree of parasitizatio:1 of the s=er
pup-ria is about 75 percent. iJnlesc conditions -ext s-pring
checl.: Cevclo: ?me 7 t se-Jous dL-:t.na'e -:z- oe ex-)ec4-ed.

io. T. Parks ('Se-pt 0 _l -enber 2"): Volu- teer w'leat carries a plentiful
s u.pplv off eggs. Very little-wheat '-ias beel"i m-Ted an .rwhore in the State.
T-ie-,'e is --)jent-,r of vol-L -itc,
d er wl-ieat, howeverr to carry over a heavy fall 'crood.

ebraska. M. H. Swenl : (Se-otembor 15): T"Lic fly abun ,ar.ce is at a
I
ve-,.-, low eb').

WHEAT STEM MAGGOT (Meromrza americana Fitc1a) Sout1i Dakota. H. C. Severing (Septc- 3r 20): Wheat stem mag .b V, _, ot daraL-,c
,n ,ed fror! 5 to 27 joercent, c1liefl,,- to whept and barle-,-.

CORN

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)

Indiana. C. Benton and A, C. Cole, Jr. (Se,m'ember 23): A few second-brood
,-7:alts in cornfields in Tio-oecP,-_-.oe CoiinC.- hP.ve reached r.1aturit:-, Number : of bugs in bunch Lrasscs hcve Cr2.0,vall,, incre-sed since A-,,,7ast 2Pq t__1e date the,'- worc first found. This a- ),) .-entl,- :nar'-'s t1ie initial entrance of bu, s into hi,)ornatiol, qurrtcr. Their appearance first in
cl,,1211-oc- of Elymus s-)-n. indicf7 ,tes an a-)nareni* proferencc for t1le drier
grasses. Adult female, fail to snow ,L!0 PreS _-!!Ce c,,-f 'Lut are storin- u'-) fat. BuCs in a few cornfields are rat' icr infested with
fill









T'linois. W. P. Flint (September 20): In the west-central cnc northwestcentral )arts of Illinois, and also to some extent in the southeastcentral area, chinch bugs are developin; in corn cnd grass in small grain
stubble in sufficient numbers that we may expect ~ e serious a1bundance next year.

:ansas. H. R. Bryson (September 25): Chinch bugs may be found readily on
sorghums at Manhattan, but are not doing any damage.

COLORADO CORN ROOT WO M (Diabrotica virgifera Lec.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (September 15): From Keith County on August 22 came
the report of the Colorado corn root worm affecting corn.

EUROAT CORN BORER (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.);

Cornnecticut. N. Turner (September 21): Late sweet corn had 55 percent corn
borer infested eers. About 75 percent of the ears were damaged by either
ear worms or corn borers.

Virginia. H. G. Walker (September 26): Several fields were examined about
July 25 but no eggs were found. Pupae were reported as being rather
abundant in the fielLs during the miccle of Accus t. On kAu,,:;-st 27 ande 2S many egg messes were present, some of cich had just been lai an ,n- others
were hatching. Thirty egg masses, 13 of wh'ch had latched, were found
on the 30 stalks examined in one field. As many as 2o 'orers were found
in 1 stalk, varying in size from newl-y atched to full-grown larvae.
This indicates ver- strongly that there is at least a partial third generation.

CORN LEAF APHID (Aphis maidis Fitch)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Septermber 23): The corn leaf aohid was again reported early in the month as being exceedingly abundant on corn, especially on the tassels, and damaging corn in a no:i)ber of localities in
central Indiana.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (September 20): The corn leaf aphid has been very
abundant throughout central Illinois. At the present time it is being
rapidl- reduced by parasites.

ALFALFA

GREEN CLOVER WOPRM (Plathypena scabra Fab.)

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (September 20): The green clever worm is very abundant
in alfalfa fields, the po-ulation having approximated outbreak proportions in the eastern part of the State. An appreciable amount of dCamagee
has occurred in fields where the population is gretcst.





370


S 0 ;=__I, I.

SORGHIIJTJ ITEBII*0IOR:.T (Celarra sorF -iL "I la Riley

extensive irij 0 small grain
J. Reinhard (September 12): 0
croi)s by the sorg:-ium viorm was notcCI on Se-)'Llember 12* Grain in t"ie
dow il IIovie inf e stations, ranging as high as 1' S worms -oer sor,Chum seed head.

COWPEAS

LESSER CGRIT STALK TORER (Elas,,-opalpus LZLnosellus Zell.

Sout'j-i Corolina. W. C. Nettles (Sept e ..ber 18): 71-ic lesser corn stalk bore.h ,s aestj oyed many acres of cowpep.s and soybeans in t].ie central -oortioa
of the Str-.to on li5it, sandy soils. 0. L. Cartwright reported the lesser
corn stalk' borer in sorghum and fielC_ -peas at 71ore-nce.

CROTALARIA

BELLA MIOTH (Utetheisa bella L.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (September.23): Caterpillars of the bella moth are
very abundant and doinj considerable to po.Is of crotalaria.

Miississipoi. H. Gladne-v (August 31): Larvae we re feeding on crotalaria at
Ocean Springs on August 31SUGARCAM

SUGARCANE BORER (Diatraea saccIiaralis Fab.)

Louisiana. W. 7. Hinds (Septc,,-Dher 227 Su, ; _,,rcr.nc bo---ers are less numerous
t1aan at any time during tI-Ilc pa,- t '25 7ears t "IJ S see),son of t"Iie ear.
Seed cane free from infest,ntlio.1 11as bee-,. nlanteC. i:iore Eenerall,.% infest.c.'_ to--) trach, ip- I,-Ie :7,---jor of 'he in
tion is li'ml-Tr to overwinter sUcCeSSI-11.1l.-, has been nore general l and effectivel-r burned during the i,,iinter. heavilyy i,,ffes'ed areas of early
I! -i so dis-oosed of as to -)revent Vlae emergence of lar-e iramcorn ave bee-L t, I L Z-.>
'Lers of .1"i rst -2-ono ratio n motIls t'I-iorefrom. Su,,,arcane dea ,-hear" -.s, caused
bI., larvae as! beco ,e full-, -rownj have been cut out
an2 the larwi.e and pupac dcftro,7e"'. T'I'le Use 017 Tric'--iogr=. parasites
C, 'ie vory imnorhas been re-tl-,- increast-d. "iese factors arc added to
It
tai G control ef-.*ec'ued by a -Drolonl.cc. -,)oriod of i-ain and freezing: rather
i-!hicii occ-.-.rrce, 1urin- tho 1,i (,t c -,)art of lc i"






371


FRUIT I INSECTS

PPIIE

CODLI1,TG MOTH (Car-ooca-psa pomone la L.)
-it of t1,e fruit 'eri York. P. J. Parrott (September 07): Less than 5 -.)ercei
i-nfest.c !, or- t'-.e av 2age --n the eastern fruit districts.

(Th i o T. H. Parks (Se-Loternber 2 '_'): !To seria-Lis injur-- has occ-,:Lrre(. i---i orC if xds t'lat received t7irce cover s-orays follo,.-iinL t',.e c ,,lyx-cu--- a-,)-)lication. Counts of ,orm-blemished fT_-u it in orcilards o-L cooDe-rato'rs show
that coalin-, -, 1 .1 6 -i ,oerce I il
-2oth st4n-s occur on ---=e t' ar. 5 t o" t"
f rui t s. T i e best orchar(Is car:!y '17 2 to 0,6 -,Oercent clean f_,-uit, with scab
beins t1ie most common blemish. !.,1ozt o t.ie coC.ling mot' stinE;s a.-L
trances were maee Curinf- Sept e-I- ,be-.-. Self band,, have trapped
only ver:, few larvae durin,- U7ie season.

Illinois. 17. P. Flint (Se uer.-.7jer 20): The warr.- ,urin;-, mid-September has included emergence o: codling moths th, t -)u-oa1-e0_ before tu'-le cool.
-oeriod in the latter part of Au,, ust. At the time .'Lie,-,e aie
rat1-ier lar,-e numbers of r2ot'-is in n,,cst o-_ -' t'-,--e central anC_ nor ,_.ern
Illinois orchards.
r_1
,: out'a Dakota. C. Sevoril'i (Septer."'ber lu'): One com.)le-e n_'_ one -),-.r'uial
E, e -, le r at io n in South Dakota. In some section's 1-0') -Oercei- t of the fi-uit
i7as infesteO in unsprayeC_ trees.

v7as' in 7to: E. Newcomer (Sel:)tembe2 10 -iot weather aqurinC
I in a considerable increase
t-11c first 10 Ca:ls of Septe,.iber lias resulted I
in the a: iount of Vlon.jy fruit 'n the Yakima ane. Wenatenee Vp,'le,,s. Th i s
increase seems to be -Dar'Licularly noticeable in orc--iards that not
been verr t1ioro-a fLily sprayeC_ e-.riier.

FLAT-HEADED AP11,71, TREE BOR= ( C' -, 17, Z ob 0 1-',- r 4 'emorata Oliv.)

Indiair_-. J. J. Davis (Sept,3r.iber 2-j): The flat-1-ieaded borei- has been fre( uertlr re-oortea from all nart- of the; State as dest:-uctive to I'lard
na-)le and apple.

Nebraska. M. H. Si7enk (Se-,oterrber 1 -)): During-, the period. fror. l A:ugust 15 to
Se-)tember l' a great many complaints of injury to fruit ancl shade trees,
es-')eciall-,,- a,-,),. 'le, el :i) maple, and oak, were received..

Kansas. H. B.. H __nrcrfora (Septemb, ,r 7): TIle flat-headed ap,Ile tree borer
.is CLoin'-_ muca damage -o -4-lursery stoc'-- t1iis year. It is also unusi ally
injurious to orcharcis in soutL Kansas.

01. laliom a. F. A. Fento-,i (Scptem :)er 27): 1Z e -o o r 4- .iave beon -ecoiveC. from -1
parts of the State re-uesti- ,,-', informiatio-, on f:cui '- ant slade tree borer
co-nt rol tu'ile c- Ii ef culor]. t be t", e f _11eC. an-ole t-e'o borer, whicI'l
is -orob( ,bl-- more inj"UrIOUS -n t'-iis year t'.,Lan usual.







372


PLL1L BUGS (Miridae)

C-: I +
P. Garrlin (Sentember L3 : ZviC.encc e work of -:ariou,
7 o olant 7)uZ;c is on peaches ai-d a-n t s --e
ex-,cit on ag lc-_. Da-.a.,-e IS --oneral ovc-_ t.-le Stait;c '0,at worse in a --- e w
-ocalities. L.-c snecl'es involve or LyL s pratensis L. Neol,,,", 7ac invitus Say, 11. quercalba Kni&itp anC. possibly caryac Kn;;:__,U. Damage
in many orc--i,-.r Is is worso neEr b: -a F'. i land, 71)ut be di -tr-.L;,"1-,ed -01j.:] i
les sev,, rop ovor 'C.1e entire planting.
SiUT JOSE SCALE (As2i:_ Lo a L,
_t-, s pernicious Comst.

7Tew York. R. E. Horsey (September): quite abundant on two small shrubs
0- 71ossy buckt-Liorn (Rhamnus fran Ula) wit-',! crawling, youn ; on August 2' ).
Yoted or, cotoneaster on Aujict 27.

Tlli.iois. W. P. rlint (Septerabc r 00): 7cie Scn Jose Scale is Cecieedly on
t:ie increase in north-central and northern Tll-;:,,OiS.

PEACH

ORIENTAL PEACH MOTH (Gra-Yholit:ia molest 3usck)

,jew Ha.,woshire. L. 0. Glover (SeDternfc, _,r 24): T'fte orie-ntal 'pea' moth has
been doing some damage i-n -peac.'i orchards i-n t'ac south -n nart of t .-e
State. Uno-fficially, itu 'aas been htown to 7.e -)re,:ent i---L 1,Te,,-.- Hampshire
'or at least 2 years. T"ic ex-act d,-te of eii -.ry I*S Un.LM017n.

New Yo rk. P. J. Parrott (Se,)tcmbc-,, 27): About 6 -)ercent of t-lie fruit was
infested in western New York.

',A o. T. H. Larks (Septe .-_ cer 29): Larval injury was very light to our
I
'-Leavir c-o-) of Elberta i)eac.ies i-. i cc-.,it-.al and nortilern Ohio. Later
v--Iriet--es now =tvxinE are not s--i:iously Q :Ances are almost
all ruined novi by the insect.

Geor ria. 0. 1. Snapp (Se.,ptember 20): 01' 20)220 Elberta peac--les cut. ope_,
P-n-d exp:-.ii-ne,.., onl-- 1 wlas foun-a to be :2_711fostod wit'-1 oric-.1tal fro.it
n o t ,,. 7hose peac--les were :iai7vesteC_ f.-om an orc',.are- in whic1a no control
r.,,easurcs t'-ie r.iot', were used. The i nsect is of no econor.1c IM-)orta:ico in re_,,-on. 7ais favorable is attriloutod to tt_-_ e
-?,bscncc o-' a host for t"o :i;bcr- otin: broods of larvae.

1,1issouri. H. G. Butler (Septcmbcr 11): A.-i oriental -fruit zn oth emerged t ,is
-iornin.,- f rom a larva collectcC on Auts;ast 22 i-n a ac_ i tv.i, i a
c1l,-Tl. 112 .-.iile nort'i)_e7st of S,7.i',,t Joscl ,-L. 11 -,, --o i c 1 twitn- iiijury is fairly
abunda:-t in t' iis orc'_arC-j but as Anarsia lineatella Zell. larvae w01'e 10 C SL_ L)JiS'j L'je rroSe-C f
,-..Iso nrcso-A recri ,-, 0 0 L7*
molest.




11

7


PEACH BORER (A2 &etia exitiosa Say) York. P. j. Parrott (Se-otember 27): Ver-, abundant.

aeorEia. 0. 1. Snapp (Septe,-10er 20): T'-'--e 7cnl,- of mot-a emergence i,--. peac'.-orchards at Fort Valle-r occurred tliis year between Se-ote':-ber 5 anC 10,
whi.c'a is so:iiewhat earlier t:iLan us- jzl. Mot'i'l emerge-lce Will" be practically completed b-r' Septembei:' 30; Fiel-11. r,,ice and rats have destroyed. many pul)ae
in col'Tlercial -,:)each orc:irrds.

PLIM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenunhar Hbst.

Coanecticrt. P. Gan-nan (Sentel .Ibcr 23): :Fr-:_it in general over. tile, State a-Dpears to be unusuall77 free from attack of this insect.

Ch i o T. H. Parks (September 21): Injury is ver., l' el-it to both stone fruits,
perrs, and, apple's. It vr-s quite unc'ma-E: 6n to fin cherries or --)eaches
infested. Feeding, anC eg-larin,,'-' scars are ver- scarce 0:1 c-pas. Georgia. 0. 1. Snap,? (Sentember 20): 'I'he plum c-arc-tilio is no -., leaving ;
trees anC_ migra -.ing'to -places of 'ii*ber_--iatio-_,,
r2o L. Bissell (September 25): On Se-)tember 21 jarreO. 7 lp.rge peach
trees at Ex-oeriment and got 7 adults ofF 0. ne_-LuVhar, apparently recently
eme rge d. 0,i September 1.0' Jarred 1 weevil frol,-: a --)ecan tree.

PEAR

VINCE CURCULIO (Conotrachelus crataegi Walsh)

Connecticut. W. E. Drit"o-n (September 23): S-pecimens in the fruit of I)ear
hr ve been receiveC. f--o-.-,. Cmilfora and Woodstock.

PEAR SLtG (Eriocpm oides limacina Retz.) 7ew York. R. E. Horsey (Se-otember): 1,7 onerous cherry, pear, English hawthorn,
cotoneas" -'er, etc., i-n a-,-ld. --Ie,-,-^ Rocliester ivere noted this montli to be
badlir in 4 ured ,)y t1iis slu,-. Several trees ha6. their leaves coT-iijoletely
si:eletoniz'ed. Feee.inc i7:Fs observed -s 'late as Septer-ilber 21.

RASPBERRY

RASPBERRY CANE, BORERI (O'berea bi--iaculata Oliv.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 2,' ): Raspberry cane boTer re,)ortee. exceedingly
abunf-I.ant an6. a-:,)parent!,! destr- ctive to rasnbe-rr- at For-'G '"layne.

C01"10N RED SPIDER (Tetranychus telarius L.)* Colorado. G. M. List (Septemb3r 21): '111ie common red s,)ider was vcr-- injurious ) es,)eciLlly to rE, s-oberrie s in eLS'."eril Color,,Co Jul- and
Au"',ust.





7'




aPAPE LEAFHOPPER (Erythrone-i-Aa cones Say) 7- -ee ra s Ica S,.!eii7-z
U- ,I- nevi v74
ne s b e i in' e e d On
Alj,:7ast 27 a Davison -na .e a
re ,a..- As woodbine o-- Sent 5 c- r

7- U ah G. 2. KLI Ow 1 t 0 11 ( S e 'U c -mb e r Gra-,)e are ousl-C.a',- iEZL,47 grra-)e V-11 r-inda cree-)er fo 1 i age
California. 3. L. FOX ( Se-)Ie:, -)e -TOC 0 1 11
lb e r 7, e Lr,--.L -,.L-,O-,- is
-.e i*nJu--7* -.10
o_-7 injui-, to ,-I-a--)ev4 -ne oca' 1--, but t' s
s- )f :7 -4 c i c --, .t t o war ran t c on t r o 1 ,-.Ie a sure s t,--Iis late tl- ,e season.

GUM KRRY MTOTIH V4 zi (PolyChro-4 --eana, 01CLI.

U-i i o T 14' . Pa r1c s ( S e p t e mb e r 22S infestation var'les -re--- tl,- i. t:,e comn e--,-cipd vine:,arcls alon,-- Lake .2rie. Last week i founC. O-,Ie 711:1e-,,7-are vit'-,.,
ull- )'-(D o-,' -'U-',ie gra-)es rui-ne,-I.) vIdle otlle::s 'U:ie sa;-:e neral
e i o rI -i o o '. vi e -I c : ,- o + s e r o u s n f e c e,:,_ A c (-, u :, P, te co--ui'uz- made one
vine77ard t..a'v haCL received! two s,)r-.7 s sI--,.oreL'. tu'iat ffro,.-n 12 to lr, er c 0:, t
-r4
o -.L tLie b e e c v e rL e i.,-f e s t c

PECAY

FALL ITEBWOPUI (Hyfo iantria cunea Drury)

,7eof.- a. S-,-ia--)-o (Senter bei: Tlie 'all v7ebworm is ore aundnnt
t:iai-. usual at Fort Valle-,r. :,Iie -,e are mal-r- --lest-s -oec.-n trees and t. Le
lp--,vpe ha 7.1 e- e. te-l-- leaves o-.-. so-.-.,e 'rces.

C. L-le a-,,i assistants (Sc,)te.-- be:: 2 T-.ie secon ,- ----erat-cru.,.e,r Cenera
o1" the fall -ebviorrn is rat' ll- Idstrib,.Itel,'. over
altlaouEli ti.e infestatioIlLs are not -nearly P-s :ieav,, as in soine :7errs* o
ve:,,, e, pensivee defoliet -Lo- -i of --)ecans e--,si=ons -) c e fWALTJT CATERPILLAR (Datana intei7errinla

7. A. "el-Ito-I (Fe )tenfber 2-): Dur4 ulic uo t:ie last -) -'U
ic re was an J--ifesta-'Q-ion o,7 e walnu' ca' e r-.)i a:: C,- 7of the t'- U -'I
o- necar. trees resulted.

ZECAl' WEEVIL (Curculio caryae Honi)

Ge or -ia. T. Bissell (' cntcmbcr 7): ahcr,,,cncc started o Ju7- I- nt
w:'AcIi is ,' Jout llor ,x,.l -k 1 ,", 2 rreo2zs earlier t ,.an in 19
was at a A-u,-j- t 1, '. 7- i e Ial dama_,e promise o e 1 oW
,,.,is t,.Iou--"i tho S,-1O---,C C :O--,, C, Stuart,- will 37-cba'tl,,- 'be 17ell i:,.fes4,ee,.






375


CITRUS

CITRUS WHITEFLY (Dialeurodes citri Riley & How.)

Tlorida. J. R. Watson (September 23): The fall brood of whiteflies is on
the wing, a little later than usual and in about normal numbers.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (September 23): A very heavy flight of whiteflies was
reported at Hattiesburg on September 11. These insects were also reported very abunciant at Wiggins by inspector J. P. Kislanko September 10
and by inspector G. L. Bond at Moss Point.


TRUCK- R 0 P INSECTS

VEGETABLE WEEVIL (Listroderes obliquus Gyll.)

Mississippi. M. L. Grimes (September 21): Injury to turnips has been observed at M1eridien. This is rather early for such injury.

BLISTER BEETLES (Meloidae)

South Caroline. W. C. nettles (September 18): Specimens of blister beetles
(Epicauta pennsylvanica DeG.) were submitted from soybeans, tomatoes,
and late Irish potatoes late in Auiust.

Florida. J. R. Watson (September 27): The blister beetles, especially
E. vittata Fab., are troublesome to tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants. Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (Septenfmber 23): E. lemniscata Fab.
was abundant in Tate County and E. cinerea marginata 'ab. was d-maging
eggplants in Ran]:in County on September 11.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (September 1S): Much dame done to most garden crops, potato, alfalfa, sweetclover, and caragana and ash trees in
the western two-thirds of South Dakota by many species of blister beetles,
but is not as severe as in 1934.

STRIPED FLEA BEETLE (Phyllotreta vittata Fab.)

Louisiana. U. E. Hinds (September 25): Adults have been exceeding ly abundant on young mustard and turnips.

CARROT BEETLE (Lijyrs Zibbosus DeG.) Washington. R. S. Lehman (September 21): Adults are cutting off the roots
of lettce plants at Walla Walla. The extent of the damage is about 3
to 5 percent and is muchgreater than in previous years. Practically all lettuce fields in this locrlity show soie damage as a result of feeding. California. R. E. Campbell (September 20): This insect is resortecl to be






376


ini -a r i n e t i a 41-'ie Valle- ad-. 1%, 1._"'o ,_.e
oil ir cu'"s of 7:: 11 .e o :4 -ou:a,- :a
inc',_ belo -, tlie surf ce

A PLANT BUG (Pycnoderes q Ladrimaculatus Gue-r.)

Ar i z o --aa. C. D. Lebert (Se p e mb c r 1 I'D At 17-noenix '-'.ie Sau asa P.
qurdrimaculatus has been ;ivin ,, so.ri- e trouble on various c-,.icurbits and.
es-)ec4_all1r ni- -ourds t:iat are grown for ornc_,".. entails .

FALSE CHINCH BUG Otrsius ericae Sc'aill.)

Sout'll D,-: ),'-_ota. H. C. SeveriiT (Septem-,)er Sent in repeatedly with complaints of damaEe to gare.ens an-,' s..-iall fr).itus.

TURNIP AFHID MionalosLYaii-m pseucobrassicae Davis)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (Septemibei- 20): T:1e 'uur:ii-.) :-L--s been rather
sariousl-, injurinZ fields o,'7' 7:a 1 e 1'e Torfolk are-,.

CA13BAGE V;EBWOPIIL (Hellula undalis Fab.)

Sout.- Carolina. W. C. '1Tettlbs (Se-otermber 19): 1Tune:,ou& re-ports of serious
daTm -e to collards, cabbp.ge, and turni-:)s have been received from t.ie
Pielmont section.

Georzia- T. L. Bissell (Se,)ter, ber 20): Cab,)r,,ge webv.!orms are injuring the
uo Ds of turni7)s and 1iilaeso at Ex-oeriment.

MID7sissi-o-oi. C. Lyle ana assist nts (Septe.-iber 27): The -Card.-en webworm
v,,--s causin-: serio-L s injury o-_a Se-')tember 10 in fall OrC.ens i---. Jones
an 01htibbeha Counties.MOLE CRICKETS (Sca teriscus spp..)

711orida. J. 7. Tenhet (Sentembe.- '20): Mole cricke'-E (mostly S. acletus
Rchn & Heb-rd an some S. vicil-_us Scud _.) are verY injurious on celery
seed becls at Sanford. Infestation is very spotted. Some se-,.d beds
,7re ver-, jjeaVil7l infoSled Vf lile
other beds in t"_10 0'1-7!e vicinity are almost unir.,jurecl.

POTATO AM TOMATO

CORN EAR WORM (Heliothis obsolete Falb.)

Connectic- t. N. Turner (Se7)tember 21): About 30 Po cent of t, e ears f rom
1,-.to corn at 'Mount Carmel is infe-i'vee- b:- secord-goneratio:i larvae.

South Cearolina. i. C. Nettles (Sc,)teri-ber l,';): 7L-,.e corn e, r wori:i lias been
renorte( front mz.,.ny pointc- over t1ie Statc, damaging, bue s of corn plants.






377


-2'- nna E. 7. Vlalte5 (Se-,)-'U-e-!'IDer 2 ': Co--n e. ,r vor..io hr.ve 11 1
1-,4
sca:-ce at La Fa- ''ettue un in:L e st- 75 1 on ebo-Li n all
corn co.-_An,-- into silk -1 b
prior to Se,-A&, er 1. Af.ults appeared in samewhat lar,,Ier irim7bers Cv.rinC t',e wec-,k of Se-ote-._ ber t1ian to
tnat clato a,-Z. late corn is sonaew'1,-,t -,o-.E) ,.ieav-' l-, infested.

Sout:i D,-':o'ua. _--1. C. Severi-n (Se-,oterd,-er l,'): Last year we estiriiated '-'__Jiat
15 Percent. damage vas f'-one to eai: corn. 'Tie this -17ear is sl*--'itl-less.

Mississi-o-A. 1:1. L. Gri',nes (Sentember 23): Much injury to late torn-atoes
anc corn at Meridian.

Louisiana. W. J. Hinds (Se-otenber 2'): Larvae liave cause 'L some 6-amage to
so-,;,bean see :. in some localities by e-,tin,- into t"ie -ooOs anC -feeC -I:i- upon
t1ie seed.

ColoraClo. G. 1A. List (Se7Dtember 21): .,,-ie corn ear won-n "bee--i less -yo -.1erous tais sef-,son t'-,i,-,n las'-. litt-le iniu:-7 has occuriecl
to tomatoes, wiltl-i onl7l mo, .erpte injury to corn. Early sweet cor- .'_ *11
Adai-.:is, Ara ),-"._Ioe, ar f. Well". Co-omities vi,-, injure worsc tl-ie 1 ,,te corn.

UtaIi. G. F. Knowlton (September 13):, '0 -n ear vorm eaioge has bee-.-i ui-iusuallir severe to sveet corn mod 7rau severe to to-T atoes in mayiy
localities.

J. IT
Washin,--ton. ewcomer (Sentember 25): A ve- '-- sc--iou-_ outbreak: o" the
tomato :f'r-Li-It ,or7i,, hF- occ-tir-_,,eC_ on tomatoes in t1le Yakina 7 ,lle:r) in
sorie -Olantin,'7"s 75 or SO Pelce--' o t' e tomatoess 'u-cin:,- wormy. Al iov.
coim-ion nest o' corn if'or -,eers
--ic t7-ie iisec' '-."ia- a-)--)arently not
prev _ousl causer-1 mud i L'zi;aaP-e to tomatoes.

Cali fornia. A. E. Vilichelbacher (September 21): A su: 'v_-,T of t'-,-ie Clai:,age
causeC,. to tomatoes fro Oa:,:Iand to San Jose that Ulie amount of
infested fr..it rant ;eC fro-, 5 to )'0 percent. The Iieaviest infesta' oils
Tere foune. about SP,- Jose. A like survey made lfro:--i Walnut Cree'--- to
Pleasanton s' ovied the infestatio-n to fro-., less tzl,-- 5 to abou'15 percent. On tlie whole, I-'--ie infestation Was To"J._,if_ to be ex -remely
1,
R21 (Phle thontius sexta Johan,)
TOTa"O VIG-L ge

Miaine. H. 3. Peirso--.,. (_Ax.L-ust 1-20): Larvae o-f t-lie tomato 1-orir.*:orm are
conmionl-,T re7-)oT'1-ed in central 141aine.

TOBACOC FLEA 3EETLE (Epitrix narvula Fab.)

California. R. 1% Campbell (Soptember 19): A. F. lowlandd reports 2.
co__1centrati-_-'- on an occasion,-A to :Lato plE,it in t-ic San Pedro-Lonc" neac._Pl-n's so attacheO, are notice,,: blr stunted. J. C. Ell.Io"e 1'e- orts
similar clama ,,e to tomatoes in south rn Or in.-,-e Count ", wit'l es1)Cc-J.'.-1_l






3T9


A
'.o ower lerves e co, v,,.e-,c4 l r, 'ie
species of Enitrix to 121r. Elmore re'errc o___ )age 3142 of tt e
Sentom-D,_ r Jssue of t7-ie Insect, Pest S-,;.rve-r

TOMATO STILT BUG (Jalysus spinosus Say)

Yebraska, 11. Swenk (September. 15): Re-oortef, as fee,-IinC on tl le buds
ana blossoms of tomato vines in Hall Coun'- o-.-. A- zust 20,

TOMATO PSYLLID (Paratrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

Colorado. G. M. List (September 21): T----e tomato -0syllid. '.-,as been less
numerous than norrLiall-,T on to.- _iatoes in nort'aer-n ,dolorado. The
infestation was rather severe in the Arl-cansas Valley but did not continue t-ilrourhout the season. T---ie potato infestation '.ias teen about.
norn-ia-11 ritI, s, ra,,7 L 1,a
I -in beinS- followed out more generally t1l n ever be.Lore. Probably, 60 -)crccnt of tric potatoes o-f tlie State hove beer.
spraveC ..

BEANS

tMICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupt 1,uls.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (September 24): Discoveries ol" the Mexican-bean
beetle in -,ioaerate num77::= at R,-egatc ii-_ Ca'-,eC.o-..ia Co,, Inty, an,-' at
1 urlington in C, ittenden County, mcke now northern records fFor C'-istribution in Vermont.

Virginia. H. G. Walker (Sentember 2S): A corrCs--o-1C,!_,,nt in the
Di s-ial Sv7pj--,) about one-f oj.rt'-! of a mi le f ro-, Lakc Dr==oi-Z_ re-oo-t s t'2at t1ie Mexican bean beetle has never been foun 'L on 1iis beans and
:ie 'Inas 7jeen -rowing bea--ns-.for man-,7 rearr-,,

nCJ ana. J. J. Davis (Sente"cr 2-): Mexican b--n beetle co-.i,1ti.,r,1os as
tne major -arCen -oest-, re7)orts ol abun '_ance anC_ da:.ia,-,,e coming from e-ver77 sect4.on of the State an fro.-i r.,z-.,y .1,ist-2icts w1iere 4- t has no t
been abundant heretofore.

1Tew Ilexicoo V1. 3. RoCers 31): The Mexican bean beetle is 'evourin-, the bean cro--) in the RoswelT section.

U tola. G. F. Knowl'to11 (Septei bcr 1'1 :.exican bealn 'beetles are seriOusly
ri -pole beans at Sante Clara.

BAIMED CUCTR%1BER BEETLE (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)

Mi -, s i c 1 0. Lyle enC, a sist-,nts (September 17): The cL.cu:-ber
beetle is present in large numbers o-ri turaj.-)s at Fnilaftel-*ia.

Louisiaiia. W. E. Hinds (Septe,,ibcr 25): Extremely -'bun.,- nt on late crop
of sr,--t,,) b _ans and'on otier garCLen crops.






379


A BEAN BEETLE (Cerotoma s.

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (Septe-mber 16): A bc--an beetle infentifieCL as Ce--'otoia
s-o. compoletelr destroyed 15 acres of beans near- -Poenix. Th-.s vrS aS
responsible, ea-rlier thiis season, for a great percentage of 113yr-i onl
tomato vines. It has been confused by ma- ny of the farmers with Ceratome7 lla fuscilabris Mals. one of our cora-.ion ladylbcetlos. Thle, are
similar in. size aM,.- coloration to some extent.

GRJEEN STINK 3UG (Acrosternum hilaris Sayi)

Vermont. HT. L. 3ailey (September 24): A local outbreak of the green 'r
bug was re-ported from Hunting-ton in Chittenden C'ountyp where it seriously aag.-ed beans. T'he presence of tjiis insect in outbreak numbers
h-as been extreme>, rare in Vermont.

CABBAGE

CABBAGE IITSECTS (Lepidoptera)

iortl Carolina. C. 0. Bare (Au7'jgast 10-117): The cross-striped cabba-e
worm (Evergestis ri-mosalis QGuen. ) was sevr-rely daiDaging 10-20 percent of the plants in 10 cabbage fields between the G-reat Smokies and Mount
Mitchaell. It was nearr>) as abUun :i,_t as the irorted, cabbage worm (Ascia
raoae L.) and more abu-ndant th-i the cab-bage looper (Autogralpha brassicae Riley), in the same fields. Heo la-rva7e of the Cdiamond-bac-1 moth
(Pl1utella mIaculipennis Curt.), were associateO with it. While the crossstriped csbbag, e worm is the -ricbl est of ca-bbaLge at Ch_-arl. ston, it
ha iot been observed at all in 4-hat section.

IMPORTED CABBAGE WORM (Ascia rapa L.)

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (Septuember 1l'): Very bnat attacicin'cabbagze and_ cauliflower thirouL-hout the State.

California. R, E. Campbell (Seiptermber 20): CQab'b)age wiorms are numerous
enou,2a, to require co-ntrol me,-sures in practicall-y all fields of fall
cab'oa-e en." cauliflower in southern California

CABBAGE LOOP (Autographa brassicae Riley)

17eX7 York. P. J. Parrott (September 27): The cabba67c looper is fairly
abundant in some localities.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (September 26): Abundant on, lettuce sown in -all
gardens.

Colorado. G. Hi. List (Septewibcr 211): The caobag.,e looper has been more
abundant than usu zl in a number of sec>-' ons of tilo State. Thurin,- Au~a'st
considerable dzxaag:e was done to -?o batoes ini Weld, County. I t was necessar.y to spray a large acreage for control.






390


HARLEQUIN 3UG (1ki.r ,-.ntia histrionics Ha:m)

MJ s s i s, C. L7;-le ane- assista:i's (Septe--..be--, 1"): Severe'- Cla:a-_E;h-c ,
cabba;, -e an L collarO.-s in Jones ani Forrest Co-,,Iltlies.

CA2-BAGE APHID (Brevicoryne bras-sicae L.).

I a iio. J. J. D,-.vis (Se--)t&_.ber 2'): as e::cescivel ,c_-, cabba!Z-e and '-:ale fro-i a im-110o. of, soutilern local: ties.

Fouth Da1:otq,. H. C. Severill (Sente.-i'Der 1SS): ref. calbb-, -e, is beinz baC.1- infes-.e(l b-7

CUC'LTi.!BER

STRIPED CUCMER BEETLE (Diabrotica vit-tata Fab.)

'lorida. J. R. Watson (Sente-11ber 27): ',e stri-Ded cu=_.bt r bc-e was ounty. I t is t1ae -1 tL,_1e it, been n L.-ced c, -eO. un in Alachua C seco- 0
in t1lat nart of the State.

s F I s S 1 _07) 1 C. L7,le anC_ assista:ats (Se )tembe-_, 23): Z-ie striped
beetle has cause(! considerable da, .ia,,e to late Y7ater::ie1o-1s at- Senato-13ia
anC_ State Collex-re.

SPOTTED CUMIABER BEETLE (Diabrot-_ca duodecimpunctata Fab.)

Kazsas. ---7. - 1. 3r,,son (September L): 7le a(1alts -re more abunea,--t in
Kansas t1lan last jear.

MEL017 APHID (A-plais gossypii Glov.) Ka -n s,, s ]0- -yson (Se:?ter:iber 2,D): A-,xiiL'_s '-1ave been cui te ab-anCant a----'_one coi-.side-_ ,_-_blc injur, r to late sq:uas,,es, cvcmfbe s a elo11 r ii
Lad:,beeties anf. t',.ei-L- larvae :iave been quite active) but', are -.1 o wesellt iiI sufficient iym-bers to 1-iolC tl-ie infest!-'U-io,,. in c_,1eeC.

PEPPER

PEPPER WEEVIL (Anthonomus eugenii Cane) Flo--ida. J. 1R. Watso:-i (Septe:Z,)er 2 Followin ; lu-Lie totol C ,est'r,:,ction 07
all ml)-,)e7 -i.icYs in !,. anrtec Cou.it,.1, t,-ie recv .l is extremely
sc,?,,rce





39-1


C 0 T T 0 IT I N S E C T S

BOLL WEEVIL grn dA s Boll.

Yort'j.1 Carolina. C. H. Bi-annon (Septcrifc Dr 01)): 7roTii 1'ortli Carolina C 0
Re-po rt SeT)tembe r 1 11Ueevil-_ 1iavc -)rob ,Ib177 cai)sca most of t1ic dam _-,ge
to cotton this :-ear in !Torth C.-rolina. TAe to-) cro is almost caltirel.., missing as result. T"cie July or cron is only fe.ir. 1 10 "bottorl
crop is unuoually U ooe, in almost a.11 parts of tile St-Itcoll

South Caroliiia. W. C. Nettles (Sept--riber lu'): Ver- severe daria-e reported
to bolls throuj-iout the State C.uri-n- August.

Mli s s i s s i C. L7,-A-e an(-! assistants (September 23): Eoll weevils are reporteO, in 1!:irge numbers in cotton fields a-'C t1lis time. Llae to recenL;
rains cotton--2.s -,)uttin,-- on a "Large number of sci-aares and 'U'llere is
every indication that a large po-yulation of weevils will go i-lato 1,,,iberneat i o a I

Loui S4 L ana. W E, Hinds (September 25): 3oll weevils are breeding very
a7bunc1Entl- in the second growt1i ol' cotton following the maturing of
the bolls, and in ilastances the defoliation by leaf I-rorms (Alabama
arg llacea 11Ibn.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (September 21): The boll weevils --ire -enera,1171 0-istributed froi-. Jefferion, Stue-,Yhens, a-aL Grad-, Countios eastuNvare., 7--le
he-viest infestation is 11ot so hcav- as it usually" is for t1lis time of
t1ie year.

Te111as. I.R. J. Relr -iard (SepterSber): Late planted cro- ?s suffered from il-jj")r,- bir t'2is insect Coc.ring Au tist an September.

COTTON LEAF WORM (Alabama PrCillacea 1-Thn.)

District of Columbia. R. C. Alt',-Iou--e (Septez ber 24): A great numbe -L of
r:oths were olsc;rve on t',,.e streets anC. sidewalks of 1'4aslA-iie to.n a l noon
on Se-otemLer 2

77 i r -,, i.-a ID-- H. G. Walker (Se-otem.'ber 26': The cotto:i leaf worm. 1-1as been re-ported as C defoliatingg several foiaiCls of cotton around Norfolk. One field was eXpriiined toC,.ay vf1iich was almost com7)letcl-,, aefoliatc,61. and
t'ae larvae were marcaing lil-:e arimr,,rworms in searc.i of riore fool-_',
TT
lort'h Caroliija. R. W. Leiby (Sentembor 0): Cotton leaf vorm reported as
destroyiri; a total of several Arnlred acr---s of cotton in Halifax aneHyde Couaties.

South C-,rolina. W. C. Nettles (Se-,)1U-e.1Der lq): La-,Ze nmAers of cot.-on
leaf worl.q iioths in trap li&its -:,,t Clemson Coller-e.

0. L. CartviriCht (Sentenber 1S): Cot'Gon lca-l worm 0,i -e not
serious at Florence.





392


-Teor,-ria. 0. 1. Sna-)p (September 20): 7--le cotton le,--f viol-m ':ias bee".
at 'ort V--,lley an,-', so ,Ie fields of cotton a,,-e now cc --pletcly
stri-o-Ded.

T. L. 3issell (Septer. ber 21'): If.-ie cotto.-I lep.-I7 rorm. has -)ractically
4.
stripped all cotton at the st,,Aion at Ex]:,eri-..,cn tO b-at no harm is do:ie
Ps the cotton iias r.iatured.

1 ispissi-p-)i. C. Lyle an,". assistants (Sep'Ue,-,,,be--- 23): Uie cott-on le!,If worm i S SSjis ver, Cencrally ( istributecl over )- 4 Tnf e s t -. tl o-1 in most
insta41ces ilas been ratlier lig'it anJ -)ciso.-nin.- has been --necess-r-.- in
only a few places. 7he earl:, maturit-- of cotto-11 largel-1- -)reve"'.te
serio-, s damaE,e.
V U r,,-s liave strin -)ec!
Louisiana. W. Es Hinds (September 25): Co"o- leaf 70
ner1rly all cotton in the State2 e:.ce:?t ,fnerc -Doisonee- Stocks of
-rsenicals vei-o e diausted early in August. The dama-e 6-one br stri--)ning
is quite he,- Vir.

11issouri. G. D. Jones (September 17): The cotton leaf worm situation has
improved somew iat anc! we do not ex-pect any se:74-lous losses when the
second wave strikes.

Ohlahoma. C. F. Stiles (September 21): 7lie cotto--,'- leaf worm has defoliated 90 percent of the cotton in the lowlands in the eastern half of
t1le State. Mucll of the uplanO cotton ilas suffered veny little. For
awhile during tae first wee1z, in Scpt- mber t-,-ie cool nig'.1ts clocked t'-,.e activity of the worms in t'-ie vicinit,.y of' Stillwater; however) for the
past weel: t- ie -reather has been unusually warm and i7or-ns arc sl-io,7ing up
in larCe nix.lers.

Ar i z ona. C. D. Lebert (Sentember 15): lllie famiers IiLave been dustia for
the Cot-L
I Uon leaf worrL, in the Tucson area, recently.

P. Cassidy (Se-otembcr 7): The seco.-C, gene rat io.- of v:c=s has
aa-oatec! at Sawycr Ranc' If the present Eencration of -)u- ae is not
hoavi 11, some will be e- 11,)er i c.- cod, Howeve r t', i s
is the heaviest infestation noted in the Tucson district.

"Lexas. K. P. E. L. lllcGarr, ot al. (Se-)te, fbor 7): A new generation
X 1 Ct4 011S
01 VIOrMS is bc -iniii-, g to s' ow u- in so- se of Calhoun Count-.
A little poisoning has, alread-- beeii Fonc in sone Of the late cotton.

Te:,- .s and New !,iexico. D. M. McEachern (Se-o-' -emljer 21): Farmers iout
t1io Pecos of Te.,-",-.s -ne. ie.7 anC the Bi, Eend sec-" on of
Texas are contlnuln,, to a-)--)1-1r -r)o-.so:i to conti'ol t',ie cotton leaf rorrl.
So far t-ie insect has been Iield in c1iec2z anCl. there is no appreciable
damage.

'DOL.Ij WORM ( Ho 1 i o i"1-A 1 ob so lc t -- Fab

So-i. tli C! rolina. 0. L. Cartwrl,-ht (Se--)te,;ber 13): Won-ns damaging cotton






393


,,Dolls j- latc cotto,-1 Ft Florence.
C1-1,- 7jonja. C. F. Stil-s (So- -ion.1 damage so far has b0cr.
ptcmbor 21' Boll i,
vi i tli U'a o e c c ) t i o n o f s o m c 2 a i-- -- c 0 t tu 0 e e a s t e r: 0
t'ie State.
ri U -ie '-Ii rd orp of t"I; G ;-,soct
-exas. .1. 7. Re i nh,
ird (Septemb r 21): 7: t- ge -,,' i o
on cotton cp -c-scc-- S&-, .e in ur- to late crops C7.urin, ; the soco, r7cok 0-f
September.

PINK BOLL WORM (Pect-inopliora FospLpl:_e 1 11a Saun' .

Texas. A. J. Chapnian (September 7): Pil-Ic boll worn infestctio- counts in
seven fields at PresL -io avorazec! 1","3 ?erce t. Zic -- -ffostation is
increasing /7'U.i'e raDiC-1-- novi.

Me.- ico. C. S. Rude (September 3): Infestation in t'lie States of Dlira-i go anc'
Coahuila runs from 70 to 100 -percent.

COTTON FLEA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Reut.)

Mississi-o-,)i. E. W. Dunnai-ii anf, 'j2. T. Carter (Senter2ber 7): Late cotton
),-,rashin,,,-to--- Count,, is being damaged by the flea hoppe--.

Oklp-ioma. C. F. Stiles (August 20): ,1,-,a are still ,.oin,- enormous
C- ama ,e throughout tlie eastern 1-ialf o.L t- e Sta -e.

Arizona. T. P. Cassidy (August 24): Cotton flea were -L 'ou.n in
three cotto-n fields in the Marana Llistrict of Pima Countir o- i Au 7ast 10
21) b-- H. G. Johnson. A total of 19 1 o-oT)e.Ls vere collecteO. in
300 swee-oings witn a. stand-ar net. Recorf.s made in the Flowinc, Wells
Miavalej anlf- Sa:iuprita areas an at Sav ,,-er R,---ich Tere negative. le
'U:ae hoT)--)c.- 'aas been 1Mown to oc ,.ur on croto--i in t'--ie 7ucso.-I 0.ist-,-'1-c'UfoUj-jd 0.,- -1-0for several -7earE y t1iis is 'J st recc)r of i t be.- __ C 0 L, -1.

r1l -I L- -)tember 20): 7iis i---isect is --,-ulti,-)lying r --)i ,17-exas. H. J. Re4 il ar (Se
on cro:Ion. ki ave--.-a-ge of abcut 3,30 adults were ta2zen o 25 swee-os of
aii insect net.

R. Malirn (August 22): TAc county a, ;c:.-A re-, orts t.-iat ti'le cotton
flea is ver-- a jun(lant t1i:,ou, iout Dallas CountF 0 R E S T A N D S H A D E T R E E I N S E 0 T S

FALL WEBWORIIS (LLD2 ria s-)p.)

Few Englaric-1. E. P. Felt (Septe-,.f,)e,.- 2 ): A fall viebvioimi, H. textor Harr,
has beer. -;ioC-eratel- preva'i.e,--t i--,,i soutil-ester-l'-- licvl
more abun '.,-,nt 20 miles nort''- of Long Sou-IC-






3e4


V. Sc"laffnel-, Jr. (Se :tc:-, c- 27): R norts inficat'7
D. =y is common thro,,: hout most of 17e,.-, --n-'land,
10'at les F.Iun,'-,7nt t:ia-La 1 ycar ago. Locally 7 tIle vicinity
o f r 1 7b o r o I..' a t t a -p o i s c, t IU I a nC. Sza n L 7 i ch Ma s s

,or,: Octicut. W. E. Britton (So-otembcr 27): :-.ests are commo-a i-,- t.-ie nort'--,eastcln section of t1ie State "L ut o,.-ilv an occasional nest is seen elsevf-ierc. 11. uch los- abundant t1lan for sevc-ral vears.

C--,. 4. o E W Me nd e nh a 11 ( S e p t emb e r T:ie fall webwor". is quite n=e.ro- ,_s
oln a-)-ole trees in central 91iio.

IncIiana. J. J. D-,vis (Se-otember 23): The fall febviorm has been
-,'-u tilroushout the S'- ,,te, elm ai-Z boxelder bein.- most
a t .!, P, ckc (I.

Illinoi, -,. 17. P. Flint (Se-Qtcm'-er 20": 7.ie 1:'all 7eb ,or111 :,.as bee---bun ;,Pnt t1irou hout t.Ie State, -orobablr -Dresent in great r am' c rs t-'
at an- time for t1le -oac;t 5 ,rcars.

Tolincs-ce. G. M. Bentley (Septe-Iabor 20'): a"bunI-7_F__,-_t t'---rou ;l-iout
t1le State -_,ttaCI:ir, e list 0-17, host -Olants.
P, W2. _Nebrasha. M. II. Svienk (September 30): Ifne :fall cunea) was worici-i!-- on elm trees in Hitchcoc-'-- Count- on Se1)te---be.r 17.

Texas. D. 1A. McEac'ern (Sentemb,3r 21): TI-ie 'all web,:!oi-- --.-s bz-n observed
at Dal .=:iep, I rjnci:)all-T on cottonwood.

Colorado. G. 1% List (SepterAber 21): The -"a'l N7eb,,-.,ori-_i fefo-liate lar ;e
nur. le StF.te
nbcrs of cotton -!oo,!. trees ini sev,7 ral sections o' tI
Au -u s tu TLie v.,orst ilifest tion occurred in the -'oot:iil-.s in t:'Ie vicil.ity
of Colo--ado S-)riligs anC. Fort Collins.

DAGWOMI (7hyriclopteryx f2 jemeraeformis H-aw

nCJ, na. J. J. Davis (Se-otember 2- have been C.estr- -,ctive as
a r no r th as Kokomo anLl De 1--;.Ii ch are f r t1lo 1- nor t:i t:,zn -Drevi C'L_.s
records.

Ten:,cssee. G. 11. Bentley (September 26): Thcre is a vor7 hcawl_ outbrCaIz
of the b,-__-- -or-., i-n several coulltie,7 i--,i ccntr,- .l Tci-ne! soc. T:,.e insect
c especially nimierous on ar.orvitr cs :rovin o;,i est -,tcs and o-.1 ,,i!L
cedars.

Ne 1) ra ska. M. H. Svici- ,c (Scl)tember 15): S-occimens 17crc sent in f rom
County o i Auu t 2.

Texas. I I Parisil (Au'- ust 22): an-- c -.usi- gre-t o",
e,,,.maC o to orient,^1 cedar in t',.c to,.-in o-1 .cnard.







395


BEECH

-BEECH SCALEP (Cryptococcus fgLL Baer.) New 7]nglan '. a:-ill". Ye',-,, York. J. V. S chaff ne r, jr. ( S e j-) t onYo er- 2 7 Recent surve-,s of the saix-)le plots in Wa!C.o2 Hancock, an,,, Jashin-ton Counties,
Maine, s'liow a definite increase i., infestation in beech. Scouti-,.,-,.- throv.E i
southern Vcniont anCL tiae AdironC,_acl: section of New Yor-c faileC_ to d7isclo ;e any infestations.

CATALPA

CATAL11A SPHINX (Ceratomia catalpae Bclv.)

Vir ;inia. H. G. Walker (Septeri ber 26): The catalpo s] hin:x is modcratel,
abunCant in the Tidewater area.

011io- E. W. Mendeiihall (Septerifoer 4): The catalpa s- hinxmot:i is v--ry
abun( ant at Rome. The catalpa trees are Fll defoliE.,te in t'--iis vicinity.

CATALPA TEALYBUG (Pseudococcus comstocki 'Kuw .

Connecticut. N. r'Luj-ner (September 5): Mie cctalpa mealybug is abullJant ane
causing ; injury to several street trees (Catal-oa s-oeciosa) in New Haven.
33C trees in this localit- were 'deavillr' infest&:1. "'Lie -present infes'.atio-,, is' riuch li2 iter.

ELM

A 13ARK BEEETLE (Scol-rtus multistriatus Marsh.)

Penns-1vania. A. 3. Charmplailn (September 6): 1 was called to investigate
bore r-infe steCL trees in vicinit-* of Ine,ian 3cho Cave and foui-ic! V.-iis
beetle in a number of trees.

XIT APHID (Tuberculatus ulmifolii 1.,11onell) Con-.1ecticut. W. 2. Britto.-. (Sej)ter, ber 23): E;:tre iel- abundant on elm trekFs
at Clinton ep.rl,7 in Se-otember an,7. --ioneydew CLri-,)-)ed on pa: ked auto--iobiles. A few s-oecimens receive"' from Simsbury.

FIR

HEMLOCK SPANWORVI (Ellol-)ia -L"iscellaria Guen.)

Maine. H. 3. Person (Septembor): Larvae On fir alon ; park
trails, anC, fro,.-.i September 10 to 12 t1ie fliZht oi moths on Mount Desort.
Island. was heaviest in recent years.







396


LOCUST

A LEAF MINER (Lit"locolletis sp.)

,oinecticut. G. H. Plumb Sub-oval w'--ite-, tentl-like mines
.Lound on t1ie -underside of 'U'lle leaves of blac'.: locust a' Sout-. 17or 7alk
oli Se--)Ucmb ,r 10. They contain froi--i one to several larv ,,e each, and -ou-Dnc i--- oval, flpttened sill17, cases -us-)enJ-e,". bet,-7een tlie leaf surfaces. A-Li edult emergeC, oil Se-)tomber 16.

MAPLE

GR=IT-STRIFED MAPLE WORIA (Anisota, rubicunda Fab.)

Islen,,!. E. P. Felt (Septe:ilber 23): Tlic greeii-stripeCL ma-ple cater-oillar was reloorteO in moderate numbers from tne vicinit.- of Providence.



O=IGE-STRIPED OAK WOR14 (Anisota senatorial S. & A.)

I nC-i ana. J. J. Davis (September 23): The yello77-strined oak cater-)illar
has been frequently re-)orteCL as defoliatin- oaks, -)articularl- oak,
in Starke anl'- Pulasl :i Counties. The defoli it4.on is quite generE.l t1irou,2 iout these counties. Tile first re- -)orts ,ere received the last, of August
and re-oorts have continue(! up to the -present time.

PIHE

A SCARA3A.,,ID (Pach7rstetllus olivia Horn)

1,1ic1ii,--an. L. 17. Orr (September): Sew3re C.efoliation of jac'-: other
nines has occurred in tTe Manistee !,Tational Forest in Iiic-.i ai e
cl-efoli,-,tion is ver7 similar to 'U:iat caused b- t1le s-oruce budvorm (Harmofumeriferana, Clem.) in that it is' coi-ifined. to t.,-ic needles of tile
current yecxls growth. The infestl-tion, villile ex-'L,0-n-,ive, is not at
present general.

PALES WEEVIL (H-,rlobiUS pales Boh.),

Pc-.,.ns-lvani-- E. P. Felt (Se-otember 2 1: Pales i7covil wor'l. at tile base of
U1,-e trunk of Scotcli -oines was received frori t:ie Pililadelphia aron.

PINE 3UTTERFLY Woo-ohasia- mena-pia Feld.

iashiw7ton. E. J. Hercomer (Au,-,u 1 26 Adults observed in.lar: nizibers
alo i! ; 1,Tnc'ies Pass hiOiwa- lr or 20 miles e.-st of Enumclaw, 1Zing'0o,,-int-.







3 97


SPRUCE

WHITE SPRUCE SAWFLY (Neodiprion polytonu:-, THtc.)

New England and New York. H. J. lfocAloney, (Se'nterniber 27): Has bee-n found
on spruce as far south as 1Tew H1ven, Conrn. ,northwies-t through thl-e Ad,7irondacks, and as far west as Norwich, IT. Y.

TULIIP TREE

TULIP TRlEE SCALE (Toumeyella liriodendri Gmel.)

Conncticut. E. P. Felt (Septemaber 23): Youn-g of" the tuli-p tree scale
ha-%e a-meared in large numbers at Stamford-7 with the -probability of a
considera-ble abundance of thie insect next year.

VJ.E. riten(Sptember 23): Specimens have recentyberceivei from Hiddletown, Southington, and! Winsted.


I NS EC0TS AF F ECT I NG GR EE 11HOU S E

A ND O R NA M EN TAL P L ANT S A WEEVIL (Calomycterus setarius Roelofs) Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (September 23): Present this summer in Salisbury
and. Stratfordj two widely separcated. -,oints. Ver7, abundant in Salisbury
but not doin- much damage. In July adults were swarinng and, getting
into a house. Adults began to amqeear late in June and a few were still
presen-t on Se-)tember 17.

T)EODAR

DEOD-ART 1IVVIL (Pissodes deodarae Hopk.) Mississipni. J. Milton (Se-ptember 27): 17=bers of complaints were received during, the late summer and early fall from pro;oert-T owners in
Jachson regard-.ing i njur, to Cedrus deodara plants.

DO GWOOD

SCURlFY SCALE (Chion@spis furfura Fitch)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (.Se-tem.ber 12): Scales ver:r heav77 on oylood at
Au7Lsta. The male scales were verT a'cunf'.-7ant th-is year and onl SeiTe'UCber 12 the al ult winced males were emerging in large numbers and
matin- waes taking -?lace.






C)


GLADIOLUS

GLADIOLUS THRIPS (7 ,eniot'hripc ZI.adicli 1,11. ; S.

-3-n-,:Dcticut. 7 H. WalClen (Se.Dtlernber 2.7): Zicre c0rms were trea.-e-, -,-;efc*ore
,ol -.-itin -,- t'-,.e-e was but little fro i,. "'.-4-os u-t4l --cu4, 4-'e firs4o! Se-otember. Tie re have beer- a few report o- -aeavy infestations n,!-erc corns viere not t eate-,? or v!l,,ere i-:1-0ro7)er treat--2ent 7aS 7Zde.

Yew York. P. J. Parrott (Scptem'oer 27): Gladioluz Go-erally
but i-.ijur-, bac! in certain scatte---e -olantings.

Florida. J. R. Watson (Se--)teff ,er 2 '1 ): HcL--v-,- ra4j-S t- e first par' of the
month reducecl t1ae thrips on gladiolus to very small numbers.

InC-iana. J. J. Davi s (September 23): 1071adioljs t1-iri-os re-oorte(i destructive
in several widel- se-,-)arate-.- local ties of t-ic State.
Colorado. G. 11. Li st (Se-ote -,aber 21): Z T7 a
U -ie gladiolus t iri-os are c q, ite
,7encral ovcr the State, but ..,ie re-Dorts -1.o not indicate as severe in*ur-71
as occurred last season. commercial iaave had almost a
non.ial cut of flowers.

Utah. G. T. Xnowlton (September 4): Gladiolus '-aave been damage, much less the nrecedinZ sumzme.-, 0- 511 .ri-,Ds ,urin,, the current seaso-n t'-iar- durin --i

LILAC

OYSTER-SHELL SCALE (Lepidosaphes i-,lr.i L.)

Nev, York. R. E. Horsey (September): In a plentinj o17, 600 small lilac
-,'irubs at ELoc'-Lester 10 percent were fou;:ilf- infested. September lb tc 21, and a number of them were baCly incrusted. This plantation was almost
entirely free of scale 2 years ago.

IAAG'-,TCLIA

MAGNOLIA SCALE (Neolecanixn corLiu -_rvum Thro)

New York. R. E. Horsey (September): I was surprised to find a few ln-rge
a lult scales wit"i live youl-- encloscZ. as 1,--to as Septc.-bor 12 on
r:iagnolin, a',, Rochester.










INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND

D 0 M E S T I C A IN I M A L S



MOSQUITOES (Culicinae)

North Ca-rolina. C. H. Brannon (Sept-eiber 24): Malaria is unusually, severe
in eastern North Carolina this year.

Florida. J. R.. Watson (September 23): JMosouitoes were unusually abundant
and, troublesome over the entire StCate.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (Se-ptember 26): Malarial mosqui toes, Anoepheles
puncti7 ennis Say and A. quadrimaculatus Say, are very prevalent in western Tennessee an,, in parts of the central port-ion. of th-e State.
The yellowi-fever mosquito (Aedes aeg,, -ti L.) is ver-'r en~~n in; in dwellings and offices generally over the State. Th-e coi=mon rain-barrel
mosquito, Culex -pipiens L., is prevalent near suitable breeding places.

irTjI FLE (Pulex irritans L.)

Nebraska. M. H. Scvamak (SepcAe 15: ecimens of thae hanflea were
received on. .1u6;st 22 from Dodge Cuor-.nty.

CHIGER. (Tromabicula irritans R~iley)

Oklahoma. 0. G-. Babcock (Se-ptember 9): Chi,- ers have b een renjor'11ed as
causin,' some trouble in southern and central Oklah-oma but were not
present in excessive numbers.

BLA.CK WIDOW SPIDER. (Latrodectus mactans Fab.)

New Jersey. C. H. Hadley (Sep"ember 25): Many calls have been -r~boived'
concerning the black vwidow wodrand' numerous specimen-s hcevc- been sent
in fro,-. the vicinitT of.L 1.oorestovi-n for identi-fi cation.

M~'ln.F. C. Bisho-op (Se-pteraber 25): Several s-peci-.ens have been sent
to the Bureau of Entomology and. Plant quarantine fro the Di t riot of
Columbia and Maryland.

Florida. J. -T. Tenhaet (September ):Blacl: vrido-! s5DiCd.rs are ver-,r numerous.i
in pocketst" of sub-irriLgation systems around Sanford,. As mian' as 6
have been tacen in a singl'7e tile opening One farmer brought in 13
at one time, another 7, and a third farmer brought iii 6.

Texas. R.. Malirn (August 22): T%7o ren,-o:rts of black: wid"oy s-oider rccivedfrorm Dallas County.

Colorado. G-. M. List (Se-ptember 21): -T-Lin, ro-ns ro--orts f rom nearly all
sections of the State have been received through-'ou--t theo s-mmer.






390


H. Swo 1-2c ( Se,)t embe r 1 s-,pecimen of tlc lacl Ti 7o.-,, s-oi ler
was receiv-,.-- from Xnox Cou-aty o-.,- SO-Oternlbe 5

i z one.. C. D. Lebert- (September 16): 11'e have -.-,lore calls this season
the blacl: wi lo -! s-.-)iC.cr t1ian in previouss -ear. Thel-e is a-1
abum-lance of t:-lem, but so 'L,-r there 2h:7,-ve been but t -,,o instances of
I
havinE boon bitten-and t]:iese i- ere not fatal.

CATTLE

SCREW WOP1,1S (Cochliomyia spp.)

General. W. E. Dove (September 25): In t:ie Sout1leastern States there was
a noticeable decrease i-.,. the percentage of infest!-Lions in Louisiana,
Geor -, -a, anL'- Florida, v aile in South Cnrolina, :,11ississi-p-oi, Alalb;7 --a, an(!
southeastern Te.xas there i, 7as a sliA increase ,Iurin,; the week e::i ed
September 7Illinois. F. C. Bishop- ) (Se ter ber 2(C): Under date of September 24, an
outbiea2-- of screw rrorms (C. americana Cushing ana Patton) in Pillm Cou:itr
i7as rcl)orted. A considei7albl mm er of atirm-,ls have been in:-ested an, sor.-,e eLea"-h loss has been e.,:-oerienced. Inquiry amor-C formers inc-icates
that the screw worms Tirst a-,:)--)eEred this year earl,-, in Au,-ust. Indications are that the pest was introCuce, with cattle 'i-olzl tae
S ou thw e s t
Kalasis. 0. G. Dabcock (Sep Ranc'=en in the vicinit.7- of Welli
.L ter, bcr 25): liz
to-11, Medicine LoC, -e, Prat t) Saint John, Sublette, ail Liberzal re-)orted
infestations of their ani-mals.

01 -1
.K.Lalioma. 0. 7. Stiles (Fe-".)tember 21): A recent surve-- s"1ows that the scrc7worm is fairl- .-enorallv 01-istrib-ate,'. o-,er the enti*.e State) vi i the
possible excentio.- of t1ac Panhancile. 7ae cattlemen in t,,c sout"iern Part
of the State rc--)ort taci.i i-!orse t'- .an i--'. 22 years.

F. A. Fenton (Sonterifoe-1- 2'z): InfoFt,-tion was found to be serious
ill Love) Carter, Stc- Acns, anO. Jef.1erson Counties, an(! 1_ .i1..i ni shed in intensity to the northwest an! liort'least. Re-oorts 'iavc been recclvo'
that t1ic outbrcal-:-- beL:al. ill Ju-ne a,,C- re,-c *-iccl i'u,, )eak i-li Jul:r rnC' t'l- c
enrl- pr,,r'u of Au-ust. Owill,- to tne above-normal te:-i-)Ora'urOs t-,e latter
-,),-rt of Sc-?'Ue-ber, t',.c Lnt(;ns-4t--- of in-'estation around Stillwator is
incrca.si n,,",

Texas. 0. 07. BDbc(-,ck (September 25): !n -Lic Tp:: -s Panhandle screw
cpscs vierc rc-oortecl z s bcin.-, -.orc nu .ie-o-as for the past 4 yo, .rs.
If -1
ny cascs were re--)ortc -.s bein- c:7u ,o' b- t',c bites of flies.

Pa r i s 11 Au s t, Oi.-- rc--)o--,,ts 1, P'7i:v 300 coses
Of M-i-sis in On Li:
t; 707) Ic c d Of s'locn- _us 4- 20 a re-)ort w-s received
from I'son tnat -t 715 1.)ermit of t'110 I oun- deer that 'liave been
OxoTx)cd tAs suasoii 11,avc been 1:illo,'. b,, scro,.1, ,.-omis. Grown deer also
were observed with scvcl-e cascs of wor,.lis.









HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L.)

.eneral. 0. G. Babcock (August 29 to September 9): An inspection of cattle
from Abilene to Wichita Falls, Tex., showecT from 25 to 50 flies present on each animal examined. The pest was very scarce between Vichita Falls anC Okl-lhoma City, Ok a. in western O:lahoma, southwestern Kansas, anc the Texas Parhancile. HoTevcr, it was cuite abundant in the vicinity of
arietta, Ardmore, -nC Healciton, Okla.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (September 1S): Horn fly very abundant, as
usual for this time of year.

EAR TICK (Ornithodoros menini Duges)

Mississippi. G. C. Broome (September 19): About a 'ozen nym hs of the
soinose ear tick were taken from the ears of a young calf near Seminary in Covington County. This is the first report of the occurrence of this
tic!: in Mississippi.

TERMITES (Reticulitermes s-a.)

-hode Island. A. E. Stene (September 26): Our season started early with
an unusual number of complaints of damage by termites.
Yopan of-bortterfite.,iedi:ecn

Illinois. W. P. Flint (Septemoer 20): Many reports of termite damage continue to be received. In one instance termites were foun' killing corn
along one side of a field for a distance of 25 rods. The first two
rows in the field had been almost completely destroyed.

Nebraska. M. ". Swenk (September 15): A report received on August 20 from
southern Gage County stated that several houses there were infested
with- R. tibialis Bks.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (September 23): The usual number of letters were
received requesting information on termite control.
Texas. H. E. Parish (August 22): Termites are cousin: considerable damage
to the walls and floors of storm houses ani cellars.

EUROPEAN EARIG (Forficula auricularia L.)

Colorado. G. M. List (September 21): The 1uroearn earwig was founc' just
east of Denver in July. It occurred in large numbers, indicating that conditions are not unfavorable. This is the first report of this insect in Colorado.

A SOLDER FLY (Hormetia ilucens L.)

North Caroliia. C. H. Brannon (Septembe- 27): Heevily infesting silage in
Rowan County. This is first recordC we h~ve o- such an infostat on.








"ICE 171E, VIL

T
1- -)- i IC -Lj, rl 0 a., -7 a c s ; s t,- s ( S e -)t, er ,b e r 2
corn i-.,_ ti,-e fielC w7,s rcporte ll b.- L. J.
ole- co-n in cribs Y7as badd:r dar,,-I-ed in vl-..-io---,s sec-__ .cf;s Of t,"Ae
at e reoluoFt-, for about cc:it-231 o-' corn weevils
"-i-,,,c been received t'ie nast -'evi dzys.


J6=
INSECT C017DITIO'_"S IN HAITI FCR UL7, , A:"'D JULY JC'7 By
-Andre' Audant
.1 r o en s cr,
'ilras trees at Damien were heE,,vil:r Jrfostc-7 wit-) e cclas
vi-i ,_is Gxreen" on May 2-. Reports were reccivo L from fl-e Sout11 t1iat t1ie scale nras darina,-in- trees in t1hc neiE'__1borhooC-_ o-L,7, 'ir,7.-oaze.

Tie ;ree :, cliaf--r, Arti-)us Dsittacinus G-11., i7,-,s noticed on man- citrus trocs on the e: :nerimentF l fam on JU17 5 a- e. 11' -s no' Lestro-,-eC. b- t"ie usual E-) )li catio-n of lea:1 arson ,.te

scales) somphalus ao nidixi L. ire ciui-*-e abmaC7 ant t',is s-)rin, in Port-au-Prince, v liore a few -olantq 1i:1ve been ':illed.
Coco- t tr-es i n t'he Clal-de-Sac -olain vic.--e attac'--ea b7- --on-'ale r bTO. :_ a sa
Plalla o-i 14a:, 12. The fronds were fc.llin,; clown in '.:-ie more 1ieavily
infe-toC, trees.

Riinoceroo ')eo'vles, St] L'ejus quaOrifovo -tus BCv., were re-)ortcd destroyin- man- --o-:.n,,, coconut trees in t._io vlcinit- off' Ca--)e -H- ,itien, '1!.ay 1

coconut inf e- tcd witli Lfo f.iotus fec- tr-, c _-or
Pri:-.ce, June 13.

Cof-fco leaves infested L-z; gopt, Dra Cof.: 'eolla Stainto., t7ul,,r duallylly diminis'nec! -!it, "ie advent, o" sp.:inL-, s.iowors.

Tlie boll weevil (.Ltholior1us aranais Bola.) v!as observed as far as La t'aa n on t1ac cotton ex-oerii-.aental Ifarm, Jul .- Tie wore
,,.Ir the win& ..lowin.- fro-7: 1-etionville.- Is t:-ie--e _11vc been no )(,,!-L tlie
cot .o- i ol -'_nts since A-)rill it is lbel'LevoC.- that t'-'ie beetles :,.ave been acstiv ,, t in.-, un,,Ier t1ras'A E,,ncl ccu.e out a-fter t-ae s'_,)owers o.' t'-ic 1-.s-t CInrs of Ju ie T i e y w e r e q u J_ t e a -o -a -i t o -. i i o t c, i 1" e r i o o ts) as many -s 11 adults cv a- Lioless no ,,eevils rere
fQ7,Lnd on a sir,;le cot ,o-i
Oul". on t'-,-,c o- bet-een Port-a-u-Pri -.,ice a-.i, Hatltc L--t'-I- -1.

'Lo,+,, cotto.i ao1iiis os -:Ore n Liccd 0:' youn-- cottoll
shoots noar Por--a-Pri -,Ice 7 in rolrtion wit,_i t1io -,,it P,-ratrechina lono:iCornis Latr.

Flea, beetics, q itrix t'l-ic tobacco leaves
)11 t"10 ex .)crImcnj-al plots at D:ariion, 1"a'-






393


Saissetia hemisphaerica Targ. was noticed on many Hibiscus so. in flower beds around Port-au-Prince, May 12.

The leaf cutting bee, Mlegachile concinna Smith, was reported from several localities damaging severely rose beds around towns the middle of June, with no definite control to check them.

The fire ant, Solenopsis geminata Fab., was quite abundant in houses at
Petionville and Port-au-Prince, June 3. In several cases they were associated with the "TiCacos" (Little Cacos) ants Pheiiole megacethala Fab. 7 which seem to drive them away.

An invasion of mosquitoes, Calex quin7uefasciatus Say, Aedes aegypti L., and Psorophora sp., occurred in May throughout the Cul-de-Sac plain, biting horses and mules, as well as human beings.


INSECT NOTES FROM PUERTO RICO

G. N. Wolcott reported on September 15 that in the last few months two
rather extensive collections of injured rice have been sent in, from Arecibo and from Fajardo, injured by Diatraea saccharalis Fab. If low-land rice is ever grown extensively this may become a rather serious pest in Puerto Rico.


INSECT CONDITIONS IN EGYPT FOR AUGUST 1S35
By
A. H. Rosenfeld

Thanks to thorough measures of the Government authorities, the damage caused by the leaf worm (Prodenia) in the Delta has been only from 2 to 10 percent from south to north. Rather serious isolated attacks have occurred in Uper Egypt as far south as Asyrut, where, due to their rarity, the fellaheen are not experienced in fighting it.

Some attacks of the two boll worms have been reported in the iTorth of
the Delta, varying from 2 to 5 percent, but there were no reports of damage by these insects from Upper Egypt.






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