The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00100

Full Text




THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN





























Volume 15 July 1, 1935 Number 5


B U RE AU O F

ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE

UN I TED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

A ND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATI NG
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013










http://archive.org/details/insectl935no5






INSECT PE ST SURlVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 15 July 1, 1935 No*



THE 14ORE IMPORTANT RECORDS FO,11 JUN 1935

Hatching of grasshopper eggs in the Great Plains was very much retarded by cool, wet weather. The infestation in general is not nearly so serious as last years

Rather extensive bands of Mormon crickets are moving toward cultivated areas in Moffat County, Colo., and a very extensive infestation is reported over the greater part of southern and central Idaho,

Cutworms were extremely destructive in the East Central, '.'est Central, and Great Plains States. These insects were also reported from southern California*

Armyworm outbreaks occurred in the South Atlantic, East Central, and West Central States during the month*

General outbreaks of the alfalfa looper were reported from the Willa" mette Valley of Oregon and also from' southwestern Colorado*

The Japanese beetle began to emerge in southern New Jersey the third week in June. This is decidedly later than usual.

The chinch bug outbreak in the East Central and West Central States was very materially reduced by cool, wet weather during the month. In part of the
ar-ea the infestation was negligible.

The spring brood of the hessian fly was unusually heavy in the East Central States, with a general increase in populations westward to Kansas*

The European corn borer came through the winter normally over the gra'iter part of 'its range.

The alfalfa weevil is more serious in Colorado than in any previous year# This insect is also abnormally abundant in Idaho, from moderate to
heavy infestations are being reported from Utah, and light infestations from California*

Heavy infestations of hairy vetch by the vetch bruchid are reported roir. the Carolinas* This insect was also reported from Maryland and Pennsylvania.I

The codling moth was generally retarded alone,, the ijtlantic seaboard, and over the greater part of the country infestations were reported as extremely lights From Colorado westward infestations were reported as heavier than in the East.

213





214


Egg laying by the first generation of the plum curculio was observed
during the third week in June in the Fort Valley section of Georgia. Present indications are that there will be a heaVy second brod this year in thia- sec>tion. In the Northern States tnis insect is co:ertively scarce.

Although the oriental fruit moth is quite generally reported as scarce in the Eastern States, an unusually heavy infestation was reported from !ississippi.

The seed corn maggot. the cabbage magjot, ana the onion maggot were destructively abundant in a number oi .ocalit'es i.n the Eastern and Central States. These outoreaks werE associated with zocl, wet weather.

From South Carolina to Kansas and southward blister beetles were unusually troublesome on a wide vaiiety of truck and flower-garden crops.

The corn ear wcrm is occasioning more than the usual amount of damage
in the Southern States and adults were observed as early as June 12 at Marietta, Ohio.

The Mexican bean beetle emerged about 2 weeks later than usual in the
New LEngland and N:iddle Atlantic S';ates. By the :nd of the month this insect was generally destructive throughout its range.

Heavy infestations of peas by the pea aphid are reported from Connecticut and New York westward to North Dakota and southward to Mississippi.

The carrot beetle is appearing in destructive numbers from Michigan and Minnesota southward to Missouri and Kansas.

The pepper weevil, which was discovered in Manatee County, Fla., in May, was reported as increasing and to have destroyed 80 percent of the crop in certain fields at the end of June.

The boll weevil is reported generally over the South Atlantic and Gulf States. The infestations are rather spotted throughout the entire area.

The beet armyworm is seriously attacking cotton in Arizona, New Mexico, ,nd western Texas.

The cotton leaf worm infestation was so heavy by the middle of June 'in the Gulf coast area of Texas that poisoning operations were necessary.

Unusually heavy infestations of the forest tent caterpillar are reported from the New England States westward to Minnesota.

An extensive outbreak of bagworms was reported from Tennessee and Alabama.

Severe infestations of larch by the larch case bearer were reported throughout New Eneland.





215


TM 1MORZ IORTAAM E1'ITOMOLOGICAL FA = 21S
IN C-AlADA MOR MY J ME1I 1935

Cool, moist ieAther in the Prairie Provines during; M.-y delayed the hatching of grasshopper eCggs. The earliest hiatchaing of' tie lesser L~~ tory grasshopper vnd the t-;7-striped grn-sshopper in KMa-nitoba "-AA of thec lesser mi~ratory gra sshopper in Saace~ricommenced ;7bolu't the end of thte third week: in 1.ay. Hatchin(_, of the ro-adside _7asshopper iii~ these t-io provinces started at the eaft of Mcy. Up to the middle of' J.un1e general c ool., moist weather further delayed development, d._niage to crops wvas slig'-It, poisoning; operations were limited. In Alberta, grasshoppers ;.7ere reported just beginning to hatch. in the first week: of June cancd by r.id.L-n tlhley were abundant in o)nly a few7 localities mid 1naci caused no domcage. 3- June 25, light damage to crops -7vas becoriin6; evident in so:me loco-lities in thle three provinces, but -mw.s being h_'eld in chech by poison_-ian. The 's-hope:s a re still a serious pote-ntial. daiiger. if the weather turn-s :iot !-and dry, but the farmers are well organ -ized to combat thaer. Hatchi-ng of the roadside gr-asshopper in the Kamloops district of Britis], Columbia started on My10 and wrt s 7 5percent couplete by the end of '11,.

The pale -7esternA cutw~orm, -.ilhichi has been in outbrej:'- forta over Much Of southern and central Alberta. -mid Snsktchewi-.4ri the pa st severt.1 Ver is again ,active in maysectionis, cauising- (,Taite severe d.meto sprint_' ,,iheat, particularly i the drier a- reas of the two provinces.

Cut-.7orras of various species are unusually prevalent :Id r2)iuid'-:t in2
southern Quebec and Onta rio aid "re causing m, aterial dn;eprtclac to
garden and truck crops.

Injury by wire-7orms is very general vLnd iunusu,%lly serious in.- So-skatchIe.7riespecivally In districts of medium and lhtsoils. 'These i.n:sects -xe
als geeralyabundant in southern Alberta, causinCg losses to Uran rnd co--',. Some damage to corn is occixrri!Z locally iin. southern Mra nitoba-. Injlir .,r to tobacco crops by -irewrorms h,)s been reported from Ontar io.

Extensive -,nd heavy flights of June beetles occurred in- Ontario. Thei beetles cct-ised much injury to the folia-ge of forestt an-d shae trees n oracxentav. s.

Sod webworms are dv {iii spring, c-railns =1d pastures in sections of' southern Ontario.

Severe infestations of flea, beetles ha-ve been- reported on crwiferous crops in parts of so'- er.1 British ColixMa.

A very lo-?, winter mortality of the cotilinig :ioth is indica-ted in, Solt71er-.Ontario end with favorable weather conditions thae species -All probablyr be C" ioportanLt pest this season. Energenzce of Atilts bega~i in the iaU-raistrict on Mvnr 25.





216


Indicattions are that the San Jose scAe is more widespre-Ad in southern 0-,trio than; at aytifae since 1917.

:g~ an yun- rit('S of the 0 Eropezun red mite -were j-rea tly reduced by,. inatur~n. control fa,:ctors this sprinC, in the Aniapolis V'~lley, !Tova Scotia. The species ia attractInCg the attention of growers in sectioais of the Okw-a_,-Vc.le;, Britis>. ColizibiL,.

The eye-spotted budmoth appears to have decreased in many orchards in. the Arnnapolis Valley,

The obliquae-banded lenf roller is increasin(- a g.in In the Victoria listric' British Coh-x~bia, after beinv: a t a low ebb for several. years.

The Buropean -Lpple sucker threatens to be more abxidnnt than dui.iK; the Past fe.-J years in sorrae Nlova Scotia, orchards.

Thie spring brood of moths of the oriental fruitL- Moth comzenced emertging1
-about 1 -,ieel: late-l than in 1934, in the !TiaCarc. district, Ontario.

Tent caterpillars hvave been reported prevalent in =V~ sections of Zastarn Cvnada, and I,, British: Columbia-.

The outbreak of the satin not'.- In the area between Seton lake and the townr of Lillooet, in British Colirbia, appears to have been def initely checked by the introduced parasite Anoanteles solitarius Ratz.

Increased intensity of the outbrefcl: of the larch case bearxer, Tihich has
been general in Easter-n Craidm' for sever-l years, is reported from Tler B~ris-Ac' a nd Ontirio.

Troublesome infestanions of the ell: or -A.nter tick on moose, deer', cattle,
-,7 horses have been reported in sections of the L'azitima Provinces, Saskat-chewci, and Alberta.







217


GENERAL FEEDERS

GRASSHOPPERS (Acrididae)

United States. P. NIT. Annand (June 10): The hatching of grasshooner eggs
in the severely infested northern Great Plains States has been greatly
retarded byT unfavorable weather but has resulted in little or no mortality. Hatching is now in progress in these States and is nearlT completed in Michigan and Tisconsin, where the use of noisoned bait
will be started -ithin a few days. Some rather heavv reduction in infestation has occurred in the Dakotas as a result of the attack of
beefly larvae, which are nredacious on the eggs. The infestation in
general is not nearly so serious as last year and is limited to the areas not comnletelr baited last year or where infestation was increased by migration from outside areas. Extensive control operations
have been under way in California. for some weeks, the most serious outbreaks in the State being limited to Immerial and. San Diego Counties
in the south and to Siskiyou County in the north.

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 12): Severe injury to 20 acres of corn and
hay at East Baldwin, in Cumberland County, reported.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 211): Grasshoners, chiefly Melanonlus mexicanus Sauss., reported as abundant in the Conrnecticut River Valley in Windham County. Very few found on investigation in Connecticut Valley
district of Orange County, where grasshonvers have been extremely
abunedant in previous outbreaks.

Georgia. 0. I. Snant (June 7): Grasshonocrns, nrincinallv M. femur-rubrum
DeG., caused considerable damage to a peach crop at Thomaston early
in June.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): A survey made during the past week
showed that the M. mexicanus that hatched 3 weeks ago were pretty well
thinned out by cold, wet weather, but Camnula Dellucida Scudd. was
present everywhere in the light sandy areas and pastures, and averaged as many as 150 homers per square yard. Iost of them were a few days
old, and 90 percent of the eggs had hatched by June 12.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): Grasshommers are just beginning to
hatch. They are moderately abundant.

North Dakota. J. A. hu.nro (June 23): The hatch of grasshooners is about
5 to 6 wees later in the season than for 193'. On a State-wide trio,
which I hvve just mpde, I observed that most of the hoevers now hatcIed
are in the first and second instars ar are remaining in their hatching areas because of the luxuriant growth of grasses. Poisoning
oerations are under e-a in areas req;Airine attention.





218


2. D. Butcher (June 1I): In Pembina and Walsh Counties from 20
to 70 percent of C. pellucida have hatched; higher percentages of M.
bivittatus Say, some of which are now in second inster; and a few
M. mexicanus are in second instar.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 20): The snrin2 was cold and wet over
most of the State and onl, three reports of grasshovner damage have
been received. Eggs are still hatching.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 2h): Grasshonners have been hatching in considerable numbers in western Iowa this scoring. In comparison with former years the hatches are rather late. The nymlahs of the two-lined grasshooner are largely in the third and fourth instars. The infestation
is quite spotted, and many farmers are using coTmercially prepared
poisoned-bran mash.

Kansas. E. T. Jones (June 29): In most of the fields grasshonners were
comoeratively rare. One field in Lyon County -roved to be an exceotion. In this field 155 M. bivittatus nymohs in about the third instar and. 2 M. femur-rubrum adults were taken in 50 sweeps. Less than
5 grasshotners were taken in any other field swent.

Colorado. G. Y. List (June 22): Grasshonners have hatched in moderate
numbers in a number of counties. Poisoning will be necessary in limited localities but present indications are that there will be no
large areas involved.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (May): The county agent renorts that grasshonners
are more abundant in the lowlands in the southern oart of Dallas County
than they have been during the last 5 or 6 years.

Utah. G. r. Knowlton (June 17): Grasshonners are, in general, less damaging this string than usual.

C. J. Sorenson (June 19): Q. pellucida is very abundant near
Annabella, in Sevier County.

Oregon. W. R. Walton (June 12): Q. pellucida began hatching in northern
nart of Klamath County on May 20 or 21. Most of the eggs had hatched
and the hoivters were just beginning to feed on grasses on May 22.
Hatching was a month later than in 1934.

MORMON CRICKET (Anabrus simplex Hald.)

Colorado. G. M. List (June 22): The Mormon cricket is quite numerous in
the Blue Mountain area in western Mofftt County. Several large bands
have begun to move toward the cultivated ereas. Control will be necessary to protect some of the crops.

Idaho. C. Wakeland (June 22): The first adults of the Mormon cricket were
observed on June 12. In the warmer, lower areas of the State most of





219


them are no' in the adult stage and mating has begun. The infestation
is much more extensive this year than at any time during the present outbreak. We know there are crickets in 20 counties in southern and
central Idaho. Crickets are showing a different tendency in migration
this year. They are working down more to the desert areas. Some ver7
large groups have left the foothills ane. have migrated miles into the
onen desert, where there is no green food or moisture.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Mormon cricket found at Pendleton, Umatilla
County.

CUTWOPMS (Noctuidae)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 24): Cutworms of several species continued
unusually abundant and caused much damage.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): Cutworms became troublesome the last week
in May and continued to devour early garden crops during the first 10
days of June. The orincinal species involved fed on the foliage at
night, instead of cutting off the stems.

B. J. Landis (June 24): On June 17 the first moths emerged from
puoae at Columbus. Cutrorms continued to be injurious during the
first 2 weeks of June.

E. W. Mendenhall (June 12): The climbing cutworms Rhynchagrotis
alternata Grote are very serious on garden crops in central Ohio this spring, causing a good deal of destruction to tomatoes, cabbage, and
potatoes.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): Climbing cutworms were reported to be
damaging apple buds at Notre Dame on June 4.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 11): Cutrorms have been reported from all over
the State in unusual numbers. (June 19): Trouble frorr all kinds of
cutworms is continuing.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Severe outbreaks of cutworms
occurred on light sandy fields plowed this spring and planted to corn,
tomatoes, and small grains. Many large fields of corn and oats were
almost completely destroyed and corn had to be replanted in many counties in the south and central parts of the State. County-wide control camDaigns were conducted in eight counties.

C. L. Fluke (June 22): Severe damage bl, cutworms to tobacco and
sugar beets in Dane County. In Q2 hills of tobacco in one field an
average of 7 cutworms oer hill was found.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): Feltia ducens Walk. and a species of
Euxoa have been on a rampage all over the State. Fields of corn have
been destroyed and flax, onions, soybeans, and hawthorn raspberry have





220


been badl attacked. The ordinary garden cutworm has also been fairly
abundant.

A. A. Granovsky (June 21): Many crons, especially the truck
crons and the flower gardens, suffered from several species of cutworms. *Agrotis c-nigrum L. and Lycophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.
are the species most commonly found associated with this damage.

North Dakota. J. A. Muaro (June 1g): Cutworms are reported damaging barley in Sheridan County. Cornfields in southeastern counties are being
attacked so severely that so-e replanting is necessary.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 20): Cutworms are still 8oing an unusual amount of damage generally, attacking gare.ens, truck crons, and
corn.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 2h): Cutworms are unusually abundant this spring.
Considerable numbers may still be found in gardens and cultivated
fields. The variegated cutworm (1L. margaritosa saucia) is doing considerable damage in alfalfa and clover fields.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): A considerable infestation of the yellowstriped cutworm (Prodenia ornithogalli Guen.) took nlace early in the
month.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): An outbreak of the variegated cutworm
developed in alfalfa fields in the extreme northeastern corner of the
State. The two-lined cutworm (P. ornithogalli) is Dresent in about normal numbers and is causing extensive damage to stands of cotton,
corn, and melons. It also feeds on beans.

Utah. C. J. Sorenson (June 19): Pale western cutworms (Porosagrotis
orthogonia Morr.) are moderately abundant in dry-land wheat in Cedar
Valley, in Utah Countr, and on Levan Ridge, in Juab County.

S. R. Boswell (June 11): During the last 2 days cutworms have
completely cleaned un the cornfields around Joseph and Elsinore. These worms are of the tyne that works under ground and farmers did not know
of their existence until entire matches of corn were gone.

California. H. J. Ryan (June 214): During the week ended May 13 the vanriegated cutworm was noted damaging citrus, alfalfa, and tomatoes in
different parts of Los Angeles County.

ARMYWORM (Cirphis uniouncta Haw.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 22): Several moths were noticed at Bar Harbor
on May 11 and 13.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): -An outbreak is occurring in Baltimore
County. Adults were found flying in the vicinit, of College Park on





221


June 9 and 10, and one larva was collected at College Park on the
latter date.

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (June 20): Armyworms were found on June 9 in
Wythe County, where they were causing serious injury to newly lnlrnted
corn and small grains.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 24): An armyworm outbreak was reported fro' Butler
County on June 18. This report was followed closely by reports from Madison and Marion Counties. Yesterday the insect was reported to be
injuring cornr. in Franklin and Mahoning Counties. The path of the outbreak extends from southwest to northeast across the State. Many larvae bear parasite eggs.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): numerous armyworm outbreaks have been reported from all sections of the State. The first renort came from
Cannelton, in the extreme southern part of the State and others have
been received from all sections to the extre ie northern part. In most
instances wheat heads ard being attacked, although in some fields the
worms have gotten into the corn and are damaging it. All specimens
that have been sent to us bear numerous tachinid eggs.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 21): Heavy flights of moths during May have
resulted in moderate to severe outbreaks throughout the State.

Kentucky. W, A. Price (June 22): Scattered armywnorm outbreaks occurred in
central and western Kentucky. Little damage was done and practically
all worms had disaneared by June 16.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 17): Armyworm outbreaks started, on June 14 in
Fremont and Mills Counties. The county agent of Fremont County reports
that there are armyworms in ever township. The county agent of Mills
County stated that over 600 acres of rye and wheat near Glenwood and
Malvern were infested. (June 2)4): Southern Iowa is rather heavily, infested with armyworms.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): The regular midsummer brood of armyworms
has swept most of the State. This week they are maturing in the
southern half of the State but complaints regarding them are still coming in from the more northern districts.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 25): True armyworms have been quite abundant
and have done some damage.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): An outbreak of the armyworm occurred
in wheat in the extreme northeastern corner of the State. Considerable
damage was done to wheat and barley in many fields, especially those
on bottom lands. This outbreak was first noted on May 13 and apparently
most of the worms disappeared early in June.





222


ALFALFA LOOPER (Autogranha californica Sntever)

Coloracdo. G. M. List (June 22): There is a very general and rather heavy
outbreak throughout the southern and western parts of the State. In
some areas truc: croos, especially heed lettuce, are being severely
injured. Peas and sweetclover seem to be favorite hosts. In some of
the orchard sections the looters are migrating from these crons to
fruit trees.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Cterpillars are very abundant end are damaging seedling alfalfa, Austrian neas, beans, squash, corn and other
croos in the Willamette Valley.

L. P. Rockwood (June l1): A general outbreak, particularly in
red clover, is in progress in Washington Countr. The northern part of
the county is most seriously affected. As the hay crop is taken off
the worms eat down the small amount of green residue and second growth.
The most serious damage is to adjacent corn and lima beans, to which the worms migrate after the hay is removed. One field of seed onions adjacent to hay was bein; seriously damaged. The worms referred the
onion leaves but, as there were few of these, they were feeding on
the seed stalks, weakening them and causing loss of seed heads. Grass and grains, including wild oats, are not attacked. There was considerable feeding on the late green nods of common hair vetch in one
field, but smooth vetch in the same field was anparently not damaged.

SALT-MARSH CATERPILLAR (Esti~gnene acraea Drury)

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): Three species of woolly worms have been
unusually numerous this nast spring--Isia isabella S. & A., Diicrisia
virginica Fab., and Estigmene acraea Drury. These caterpillars caused severe injury to cotton seedlings and to corn rnd melon crons, destroying stands. They fed on ripening peacihes and tomato fruits, but not on tomato foliage. Legumes, beans in narticuler, were being injured by the worms eating the blooms and nods. The salt-marsh caterpillar was unusually abundant on sweetclover. This species comprised about
90 percent of the novulation and at present it is being wined out by
some disease.

Texas. H. J. Reinhard (June 22): Full-grown larvae of the salt-marsh
caterpillar are common in cornfields, where they are feeding on silks.
This insect has also been noted as seriously dana.ging chrysanthemum
plants.

WHITE GRUBS (Phyllophaga spo.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 22): The first flight of May beetles at Bar
Harbor occurred on May 27, following two warm days.

New Hamoshire. L. C. Glover (June 8): June beetles are beginning to be
more numerous now, although the first flight was renorted on May 29.





223


Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): May beetles have been doing considerable
damage in various localities in the State. They stringed many pin
oaks in Montgomery and Frederick Counties and nearly stripped one very large white oak in Montgomery County. They have been resorted. as feeding heavily on cherry, elm, and oak.

Kentucky. W. A. Price (June 22): May beetles have been difficult to obtain
this season. Excessive rainfall and low temperatures in the evening
have made flights irregular and light.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 11): Various species are emerging in numbers
throughout the Lower Peninsula.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Serious losses from white grubs have
been observed at several of our larger nurseries in northern Wisconsin
to evergreen seedlings that ha not been treated. Reports of injury
to corn and garden crons have also been received from Fond du Lac,
Waushara, Vernon, and La Crosse Counties.

C. L. Fluke (June 22): The predominating species are P. hirticula
Knoch, P. fusca Froel., P. rugosa Melsh., and P. tristis Fab. Others
less numerous are P. ilicis Knoch, P. implicita Horn, and P. balia Say.
Flights have been stead" since May 23, exce-pt for a cold rainy period from June 1L4 to 20. Most species are now laying eggs. Bur oak trees
are striped throughout southwestern Wisconsin.

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (June 21): Damage from white grubs is not
noticeable, although brood C grubs are common. The June beetle flight
was heavy, especially in the southeastern section of the State, where
many wood groves are badly defoliated. P. fusca, P. rugosa, P. implicita, P. futilis Lec., P. drakei Kby., and P. anxia Lec. are fairly
common, although not over the entire area.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 18): White grubs at Selfridge and Fargo.
Adults began flying at Fargo on June 2.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): Adults are still emerging and defoliating
trees. Over 15 species have been collected.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): May beetles reported defoliating Chinese
elm at Herington.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 2h! The nenT catch at the trn-n liht me





224


development and the emergence of adults is later than normal. The
first beetle in the vicinity of the Moorestown laboratory was found on
June 17, a week later than in 193h. They have been coming out slowly
since then and are now present in small numbers. In the older infested area a high nercentage of diseased larvae have been found in
the soil, but this disease has not yet been foune in several newly infested areas where soil surveys have been made.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 17): First adult observed at Wilmington.

ROSE CHAFER (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.)

New York. N. Y. State Coil. Agr. News Letter (June): Rose chafers were
being reported in injurious n1ambers in orchards in the Hudson River
Valley and in the Great Lakes district the last week of the month.

New Jersey. C. H. Hadley (June 20): The rose chafer was first observed
June 10 on roses at 1!oorestown and is now common.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 5): First adults observed on June 5 at
Newark.

Maryland. E. 11. Cory (June 22): A decided pest in Anne Arundel, Baltimore, and Dorchester Counties. It is feeding on trees and flowers.

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 15): This insect is -resent in large
numbers over the State end is causing serious damac;e in aoOle orchards in several mountain counties.

Michigan, R. Hutson (June 25): Rose chafers are causing considerable
annoyance in the vicinities of Shelby and of Toninabee.

WIREWORMS (Elateridae)

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): Wireworms are moderately abundant
in neat soil particularly.

A. A. Granovskv (June 21): This is a year of heavy wireworm
damage. Corn, onions, and nursery plantings suffered in many sections
of the State, especially where crops were growing on neat soil.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June IS): Wireworms are d~amaging wheat and
corn at Mott, Hanks, Hazen, and Baker. In some instances whole fields
have been destroyed.

South Dakota. H. C. Severin (June 20): More than the usual damage by
wireworms has been done to corn and vheat this spring.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June l4): Injury to planted corn seeds and corn
roots by Melanotus so. was reported from. Cherry County the second week
in June.





225


Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): Melanotus sD. was reonorted to be injuring
potatoes and tomato plants in a garden at Peru on June 1I.

Wyoming. C. L. Corkins (June 10): Wireworms are destroying bean seedlings
in many fields in Big Horn County and wheat in Park County.


CEREAL AND F 0 RAGE CR 0 P INSECTS

WHEAT AND OTHER SMALL GRAINS

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)

United States. P. N. Annand (June 19): Weather during the past fewV weeks
has further reduced the chinch bug infestation over the Corn Belt States. Although bugs still occur in threatening numbers in some
places, the infestation has been so reduced by rain that it is general only in limited areas, and in some States, including Kanses, Nebraska,
and Wisconsin, the infestation had been reduced to the point where
very little damage is expected. In Ohio and Indiaia, however, the infestation is still threatening, and latest reports from Missouri indicate that fairly high populations still occur in that State and it
is expected that some bugs will migrate to corn. Infestation in Illinois has been so reduced that, with a continuation of present
weather conditions, only relatively minor damage to corn-is expected.
Damage to small grains has not been general, although in some areas,
particularly in Iowa, isolated fields of barley show rather severe
damage.

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 22): The chinch bug is seriously
damaging several fields of corn in Anson, Chathanm, and Pitt Counties.

South Carolina. F. Sherman and W. C. Nettles (June 21): A number of outbreaks have been reported in the northeastern third of the State, in
corn adjacent to small grains.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): The daily rains between June 15 and 24
helped greatly to control the chinch bugs. Apparently there is not much of a problem ahead for central and western Ohio counties, where
the eggs have not yet hatched and the wheat will be cut in 10 days.
Around Wooster and elsewhere in northeastern Ohio, the situation still
remains serious. Wheat harvest is from 2 to 3 weeks away and many eggs
are ready to hatch. Two weeks of dry weather will probably bring on
an outbreak.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The anticipated outbreak of chinch bugs
has not materialized. During the week beginning June 16 heavy rains
were prevalent throughout the State, materially aiding the development of fungus and also destroying many of the young bugs. There are still plenty of old bugs in small-grain fields, particularly in the central
and eastern oartsof the State.






226


Illinois. W. P. Flinat (June 21): Chinch bugs were reduced to light or
moderate numbers throughout the infested area. !To damage to small grain is anticipated in the southern third of the State. From light to moderate damage in the northwest fourth of the State is possible. Old bugs
in all areas are leaving small grain and flyinC, to corn, and some are
ovipositing in corn.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Continuous cold heavy rains have
apparently held the chinch bugs in check everywhere. iTo young bugs have hatched. All indications point to very little damage to small
grains and almost a week of rain and cloudy weather to date may also
eliminate any great danger to corn.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): Chinch bug adults are fairly well distributed but no nymphs have been foun.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The chinch bug infestation is quite spotted
and is heaviest in the western part of the State. Throughout the central and southern parts of Iowa winter mortality was very high, in some counties running over 90 percent. In Henry, Jefferson, and Washington
Counties the white fungus disease killed many bugs. The spring has been
too cold for the adults to lay the normal number of eggs. In some
fields the infestation still runs as high as 50 adults per linear foot
of drill row of small grain. The heavy growth of foxtail and other
summer grasses will probably be sufficient to hold the nymphs in many
fields until they attain the imago stage.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): With the continued rainfall the chinch
bug has not been able to develop normally; in fact, with each succeeding rain it has been losing ground in the State. At the present tim there is one center of slightly heavier infestation in north-central
Missouri, a second in the northwestern part, and a third in the westcentral part, but in none of these areas is the situation particularly
alarming.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): Chinch bugs are scarcer in Kansas than
they have been at harvest time for several years. Very few old or
young bugs can be found. Some egs are present.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (June 21): The chinch bug situation is greatly
improved. The infestation ranges from a trace in some counties to an
average of three per linear foot of drill row. Heavy rains have fallen
through the northeastern grain belt of the State iucring the past 14
hours and I doubt that there will be anyr migration.

HESSIAi FLY (Pliytonhaga destructor Say)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): Hessian fly is quite abundant in the wheat
crop almost ready to be harvested. Abundance of rains late in May and
the first 3 weeks of June have brought this pest to the front very
rapidly. The situation was quite satisfactory last fall, with very
little infestation, Uow the insect is very abundant and there are mmay






227


broken stems in some wheat fields. Our annual wheat-insect surve- will
start in southern Ohio this week.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): An unprecedented outbreak of the sprinty
brood of the hessian fly has covered the State of Indiana, and is
probably most severe in the central part of the Stavte. In some localities wheat has been killed outright, as in Boone County, where perhaps
one-third of the wheat -fields have been destroyed. Many other fields are beginning to show damage from lodging. The heavy spring infestation is owing in a few instances to early sown wheat, but in general
to the large amount of volunteer wheat that developed in waste land and
elsewhere last fall.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (June 21): The spring brood of the hessian fly has
been unusually heavy, resulting in from light to aodera(te damage in
the wheat areas of the State.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): There has been a rather definite pickup in the abundance of hessian fly. It is attributed to the favorable
weather of the past fall and to the large acreage of vieat seeded e-arly
for pasture. The pest is more abundant in the southern half of the St .

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): Observations made in southeastern Ka sas
by R. H. Painter indicate that the hessian fly is very abundant iii the
vicinity of Parsons.

3LACK GRAIL-ST:E1 SAtFLY (Trachelus tabidus Fab.)

Pennsylvania. E. J. Udine (June 13): Adults have been flying in aoundance
the last few days throughout most of western an. south-central Pennsylvania. Adults are still flying in abundance in fields near Red Lion,
in York County, but are becoming; scarce in western Franklin County where
larvae are already in the first instar.

Virginia. J. S. Pinckney (June 20): Hibernating larvae of the black 7rainstem sawfly were found in wheat stubble in Campbell County. About
2-percent infestation was noted in the fields exa~ined.

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 8): On June 4 adults were abundanit in wheat and
rye in Mhoning County. Oviposition in wheat was observed near iorth Lima on June 8. Ei hty-seven adults were captured in a field of wheat
near Ellsworth by making one hundred sweeps of a sweep net 15 inches
in diameter. Losses in this area will probably bp heavy this year.

A WTEAT-STE~M SAWFLY (Cephus 2aeus L.)

Pennsylvania. C. C. Hill and E. J. Udine (June 12-13): Adults are flying
abundantly in wheat fields near Williansport, in Lycoming County, and
at Red Lion, in York County.






226



EUROPEAW CQRI7 BCRaR (Pyrausta nubilalis Hbn.)

General. A. 14. Vance (June): Past winter condlitions have been generally
favorable to the hibernating corn borer a, the natural mortality appears
to be about normal. The spring development in Accomac and 'Northampton
Counties, Va., was more advanced than in any other section of the United
States where the insect is knowm to occur. It appears certain that at
least two generations of the borer can be expected annually on the
Eastern Shore. Early Irish potatoes, which are grown extensively in this
region, may serve as an important host plant for the first-generation
borer before the main corn crop, which is planted between rows of potatoes after their first caltivation, becomes available for borer infestation.

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 24): In western Vermont the first pupae were
found in the field on June 9 and the first adult on June 23.

Connecticut. IT. Turner (June 24): The European corn borer was very late
in emerging. Eggs are still found in the field and larval injury is
just appearing on corn. Injury is apparently as severe as in 1934.

LESSEP CORN STALK BO-.M (Elasmopalpus lignosellus Zell.)

South Carolina. W. C. i4ettles (June 21): The lesser corn stalk borer is
prevalent over the State, attacking beans.

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 20): Many complaints were received of the depredations of the lesser corn stalk borer, and some concerning those of the
larger corn stalk borer (Diatraea crambidoides Grote), but the infestation was not nearly so severe as 2 years ado.

:iississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Inspector G. L. Bond reported a severe infestation of the lesser corn stalk borer in George and Jackson Counties, one farmer estimating a loss of more than 200 bushels of corn. Eightyfive percent of a field of peas had been killed and sugarcane had also
been damaged severely. A farmer in George County had hauled out two
wagon loads of corn that had broken off at the ground. 1o complaints
have beon received from other sections of :2ississippi.

SOD MBWCMUS (Crambus spp.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): A sod webworm, Crambus sp., was reported as
destructive to corn in central Indiana and ,.s far north as La Porte Conty.
The inquiries concerning it were received during the last 2 weeks in Juno.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): C. caliginosellas Clem., the corn root webworm, was found injuring corn at Eason on June 1.








229


SUGARCA2E BEETLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lec.)

Iorth Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 13): The rough-headed corn stalk beetle
is causing rather serious damage to corn in Ourrituck County.

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (June 5): An upland field of 5 acres of corn at Experiment has been damaged 75 percent. Beetles have apparently left the
field but have just begun to injure nearby bottom-land corn that is 2
weeks old.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 11): Adult beetles are doing serious daioe
in several cornfields in the central part of Tennessee,
Alabama. J. IM. Robinson (June 20): Reported as damaging young corn about
knee high at Rafourne, in Cloburne County.

SOUT ERN.CORN ROOT WOU (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

Kentuck1r. W. A. Price (June 22): The southern corn root worm has extensively
damaged corn in sections of central and western Kentucky.

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 20): Root worm damage to young corn is
very prevalent in eastern North Carolina. Several fields in the mountains
in Macon County are also badly damaged.

A CORN SILK BEETLE (Luperodes varicornis Lec.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Considerable damage to ears of corn by the
corn silk beetle was reported by inspector i'. D. Peets of Bogus Chitto on
June 18 and by a correspondent at Waynesboro on the same date.

CORIT BILLBUGS (Calondra spp.)

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 2)4): Several species of corn billbugs have damaged
a few fields of corn in Monona, Harrison, and Fremont Counties. The
clay-colored billbug (C. aequalis Gyll.) is doing some damage in wheat
fields in Fremont County. The-adults were feeding on the kernels of graiu
and in one large field about 1i rods of wheat along one side (80 rods lon,
had been almost totally destroyed. In an adjoining cornfield this and
another species of billbug were injuring corn,

CORIT BLOTCH LEAF MI1NER (Agroyza parvicornis Loew)

North Carolina. R. W. Leiby (June 19): Fields of corn have been completely
ruined in parts of Hyde, Tyrrell, and Beaufort Counties by the corn blotc.
leaf miner. Many fields have been plowed up and planted in soybeans.
The last serious outbreak in this part of the State was in 1919.





230


ALFALFA

ALFALFA -2VIJ (Hyper ostica Gyll.)

Colorado. G. M. List (June 22): Alfalfa weevil injury is the most serious
ever observed. The population is higher in all of the areas than for
several years. In Mesa County, in the area from Palisade to Mack, involving the entire Grand Junction region, the first crop will not be
more than from one-third to one-half of normal. Scouting shows some new
area involved.

Idaho. C. Wakoland (June 22): I obtained 1,440 larvae of the alfalfa
weevil in one hundred sweeps of the net on June 13 in Cowncil, Adams
County. For the first time in 10 years, moderate injury is easily
noticeable in maiiy of the fields in that locality.

R. W. Haegele (June 19): The infestation in southwestern Idaho is
general, with considerable damage to numerous fields, especially in Canyon, Washington, and Adams Counties, This is the first injury of
consequence in Canyon County in over 10 years.

Utah. C. J. Sorenson (June 19): The alfalfa weevil is from moderately
abundant to very abundant in Sovier County and elsewhere in Utah.

California. A. E. Michelbacher (June 21): The larvae of the alfalfa weevil
are rather scarce throughout its entire range in middle California.
They are least abundant in the hot, dry San Joaquin Valley. In the
cooler areas the highest number collected per one hundred sweeps of an
insect net on June 20 ranged from 30 to 40. In both the Pleasanton and
the San Francisco Bay'areas parasitization by Batnhplectes curculionis
Thorns. continues high. Based on examinations of from medium to large
alfalfa weevil larvae, the parasitization ranges from 90 to nearly 100
percent.

CLOVE

CLOV LEAF WaVIL (H punctata Fab.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The clover leaf weevil was reported as
destructive to sweetclover at South 'Whitley on May 29.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The clover leaf weevil was found in considerable numbers in alfalfa fields in Montgomery County.
Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 14): The clover leaf weevil was reported to be
infesting alfalfa fields in Ichardson County on May 29.

A SCARABAZID (Phobetus comatus Lec.)

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): Larvae arc doing considerable damage to alfalfa
at Hermiston.





231

VETCH
VETCH BRUCEID (Bruchus brachialis Fahraus)

Penmsylvania. C. C. Hill and E. J. Udine (June 19): Adults and eggs weoe
found on hairy vetch near Waynesboro.

Maryland. C. C. Hill and E. J. Udine (June 19): Adults and eggs were found
to be numerous on vetch near Hagerstown.

NTorth Carolina and South Carolina. J. S. Pinckney (June 22): Seed pods of
hairy vetch in the vicinity of Salisbury are heavily infested. Larvae
within the seed are in all stages of development up to the fourth instar.
The hairy vetch bruchid has been found in the following counties:
Cabarrus, Catadba, Davidson, Davie, Forsyth, Gaston, Guilford, Iredell,
Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Randolph, Rowan, Stanly, Union, and Yadkin, in
iTorth Carolina, and in Chesterfield and Lancaster Counties in South Carolina.

FRUIT ITS 0 TS

APPLE

CODLIITG MOTH (Carpocasa pomonella L.)

NTew York. 1T. Y. State Coll. Agr. ITews Letter (June): Owing to unfavorable
weather very little damage has been done by the codling moth this month.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 19): Twenty percent mortality of overwintered
larvae; emergence of the spring brood completed June 13; first first-brood larvae hatched on :ay 30; peak of moth activity as indicated by bait pans
on May 29; first injury observed in apple orchard on June 6; injury to
date much lighter than usual.

Maryland. 7. T7. Cory (June 22): Codling: moth emergence has been retarded
by cool weather. There is a strong probability that a large second brood
may occur.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (June 20): Codling moth scarce, lowest infestation in
a number of years, but bQginning to increase.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): Emergence of moths at Columbus was heavy betweeMay 30 and June 5 end again between June 9 and 15. 3ait-pan catches
started up again yesterday. The first larval entrances were seen in Lawrence County on June 6, in Miami County on June 12, and at Columbus on June 13. First-brood larvae are much loss abundant than last year ard
many nights during the past 3 weeks have been rainy and unfavorable for
egg laying. Moths are still emerging from overwintering cocoons but only
a few emerge each day. It is quite apparent that the codling moth will
not be the problem it has been during the past 5 years.





232


Indiana. D). W7. Hamilton (Jun~e 21): At Orleans, peat 'flights of spring-brood,
adults occurred in light and bait traps during the nights of May 13, 21,
and 27. Since May 27 daily trap captures have gradually tapered off.
Wather conditions have been unfavorable for moth activity all season.
First-brood larval entrances and stings are imch scarcer than at this time
last season.

Illinois. W. P.' Flint (June 21): First-brood codling moth emergence was
delayed until "June 10 to 15. Our check trees in experimental plots in
southern' Illinpis on June 5 showed only 0.3 percent of larval entrances,
as compared to 145 percent in the same location on the same date last Year*

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 11): The first adult emerged in the field at
Lansing on June 6. Pupation throughout the fruit belt is very uneven.
Some locations show more than 50 percent pupation on June 5, while others
within a few miles show only from 10 too 20 percent.

Minn-esota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): First codling moth adult seen on Juno 9.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): Emergence of spring-brood moths has been very
erratic, beginning on about normal time in the southern half of the State
and from 3 to 14 vioeks late in the northern half. The fruit is the cleanest
wo have had for many years.

H. Baker (June 22): At Saint Joseph activity of the moths has been
light and larval entrances fewu, owing partly to continued cool, rainy
weather and paru%,y to a greatly reduced population, as compared to that of 19314. The first 19314 entrance was found in the experimental orchard
on May 19 and in 1935 on June 12. Bait-trap catches indicate that the
peak of spring-brood moth activity occurred from June 8 to 16. The newly
hatched larvae appear to be weak, as evidenced by many unsuccessful entrances ,even, where there is little or no spray coating.

.Arkansas. fl. Isely (June 22): The infestation of larvae of the first brood
is unusually light in northwestern Arkansas. Probably there i.s loss 7orrinjury for this time of the year than in any year since 1929,

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 214): Codling moths from long-cycle larvae have
continued to emerge during June, the'date of the last emergence being on
June 16. Peaks of emergence came on May 9 and June 2. The emergence curve at Tahlequah followed that at Stillwiater, but was 10 days later.

Colorado. G. IA. List (June 22): There was a low winter mortality of the
larvae. Spring emergence is later than usual but the indications are that
the populations are going to bo heavy in most of the orchard sections.

Idaho. R. W. Eaogele (June 19): Emergence began on May 14' reaching peak on
May 20, .with a heavy emergence continuing until Juno 10.

Utah. 0. J. Sorenson (June 19): The codling moth is moderately abundant
throughout the State.







233

C 1ifornia. H. J. Ryan (June 24): Inspection of walnut groves in the eastern
part of Los Angeles County was begun on May 20. Very few eggs were found until about the 25th, when the egg-laying season reached the peak. Spraying was begun in groves where walnuts had reached nearly full size on May
27. OwinG to uneven emergence of adults and the even size of the nut, control is likely to be difficult. I understand that spraying was begun
in Orange a.-d Riverside Counties about a week earlier than here, indicating
that emergence in those sections was earlier.

EASTBq TENT CATPILLAR (Malacosoma americana Fab.)

Maine. 11. B. Pairson (June 22): The American tent caterpillar was generally
abundant in southern Maine on June 10, nests being very noticeable. In
York County they are very numerous.

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (June 25): Defoliation of cherry trees and neglected
orchards is general and almost complete in western Massachusetts.

Corecticut. W. E. Britton (June 24): The caterpillars have now all transformed. One report of large numbers of dead caterpillars suggests bacterial wilt. Stripped trees are now putting out new leaves. Adult s are flying.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 19): Infestation slightly less severe than in
1934. Adults now being collected. at light traps. (June 20): First egg
masses observed at Newark.

New Jersey. T. J. Headlee (June 21): We are just closing the tremendous outbreak of the apple tree tent caterpillar, which occurred practically all over the State and in most extraordinary numbers. The caterpillars this
year have shown the presence of much disease and considerable parasitization. In certain parts of the State ground beetles have been very busy in consuming them. We think that the year 1935 was the top year of the
cycle and that next year the caterpillars will be materially fewer in
numbers.

Pennsylvania. A. B. Champlain (June 17): First adults noted flying on Juno
15. Some larvae in field. have not yet pupated. Defoliation heavy on
favorite food plants in mountain regions.

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June): This insect is to be found in many sections of tho
State this year but is particularly abundant in the northeastern section.
The low-groving shrubs of cherry and wild apple in some pasture fields are
almost all defoliated. On June 7 the larvae were almost full grown,

GREN R IT WRMM (Graptolith. antennata Walk.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 24): The greon maple worm is very abundant on ash
and soft maple on the lake shore and swamps in Grand Isle and Chittendon
Counties. Defoliation in places.





234


-'York. 17. Y. State Coll. Agr. Ne-,is Letter (June): Green fruit T~ris -.7cre
iuiusually abundwit dairinC, the early part of the month in the Hudsot R iver
Valley, and on LonCj Island. In the vrstern. part of tho State this insect
,'Es about normaally abundant.

APEIDS (Aphiidape)

Conncticut. P. Garria-i (Juno 24): Dr'r period in May probably prevented a
sori-5us outbre:' of Anrpi rqs Le Bakeor.

.Te-, York. 1% Y State Coll. Agr. "Noe's Letter (June): Rosy appie apids -.70T
quite numeroas in the Eudson River Valle,7 in the early part of the rWnth.
B') the mi&l ofC the1 month- they -.7e--e lcavin- t*he -^r-iit trees. They -7ere
atl~o nirme-ous in the rleostera part of t!he State, doin,.om dme n r
chards where the nicotine :a left out of the sprays. To-mar the end if
the i.-onth the gr.een apple aphid (Aphis Domi fleG..) -mas increasing in -numbers
i)- the Hudson River. Valley.

1Te- Jersey. T. J. Headlece (Juno 21)': W~e have a moderate infestation of rosy
apple aphids a;nd a beginning infestation of the ;ee,i apple aphil.

G<,orgj-1. C. 11. Aldoza (Juno 20): Green aphids arc very abundant aad injurious
in tho Esom Hill section.

Michigan. *R. Mat son (June 19): Rosy apple aphids a 're becorainir, roderateliy
abiudant in Borrien, anBuren, andi Allegani Coun-ties. The first maioants
-oeren. -)!scrvcd ona Jiie 14.

Utah. G. ri '. Tholton (June 17): 'Rosy apple aphids are dainagine r.pplo foliage
on Provo Bench and at Hobble Creek.

C. J. Sorenson (Juno 19): Graen apple aphids are very abundant in
Box Elder Qoiu-ty.

WHI APPILE LEAHOP. (Typhlocyba poinaria McAtoo)

Connecticut. P. Garnwaa; (Juzno 24-I): White apple leafhaoppers are abundant in some
apple orchV.'ds in Ne. Maven and N~ew Lfndon Counties.I

Virg;inia. W. J. Schoone (June 20):* Ob servat ions in Romio1m and Frederick Coun.tics indicate thiat leafhopper adults are very abundant in a f eN7 orchards.
The white apple leafhopper is most common. Fruit is specked and loaves in..
jurod by feodint Insects more abundantA than for several years,

aPPIE MAGGOT (Mi pltis-. fomonella Walrlh)

N,3,i York. IT. Y, State Coll. Agr. News LettAer (June): The first apple zm.~ut
fly was observed Du a Dolicious tree in King~ston on Juno 17.

IT e-, Jersey. E~. Kostal (June 17): This insect has produced v. 100-percent infestation of fruits of some vfarieties in neglected planitings in 1*Monn-Auth Cnunty
1ITo adult flios could ba fouAi on trees on Ju'no 1G and 17, tho um-al date, oY
beginning of emergence.





235

APPLE FLEA WEEVIL (Orchestes pallicornis Say)

Indiana. L. F. Steiner (June 16): The apple flea weevil is causing very serious damage in an apple orchard near Buckskin. Adults by the hundreds ca.
be seen by loolkiing up from almost any location under many of the trees.
There appears to be a distinct difference in the population density and the amount of foliage injury between cleaned and uncleaned parts of the orchard.

NEW YORK EEVIL (Ithycerus noveboracensis Forst.)

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): The first Tew York weevil seen in several
years was observed at Belding on June 18, where it was fairly plentiful on
a plantix. of young apple trees in recently cleared land.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (May 25): Serious damage resulted to a newly
planted orcha.dt of apple anC plum trees near Warrens, 4ionroe County. Te
light sand area was poorly prepared for planting, there being many oak
saplings and sweetfern on the ground that were heavily infested. The
beetles destroyed the breaking buds and ate patches of bark on the stemras.

PEACH

PLiM CURCJCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuohar bast.) /

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 24): Damage to apple by the plum curculio is
less than usual in !Tew Haven.

INew York. Y. State Cell. Agr. News Letter (June): The plum curculio was
but moderately abundant throughout the State during the month.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 19): Activity of overwintered adults is now
ended at Bridgeville; the peak of issuance of first-brood grubs from drop
peaches was from June 10 to 15, about 10 days later than usual.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): Although no second-generation eggs have
been deposited in the insectary at Fort Valley to date, peaches coming
to the packing sheds today contain newly hatched larvae, indicating that
deposition of second-generation eggs has started in the orchards. A
heavy second brood of larva with considerable damage to the Elberta peach
crop has been predicted. (June 21): Deposition of second-generation
eggs be.a in the insectary today, and in the field several. days ago.
Hiley, the first free-stone variety, is just beginning to ripen; therefore this va-iety will be subjected to a second brood of larvae, as
will Georgiv. 3elle and Elberta. The Hiley usually escapes a second-bro6d
attack, but the emergence of first-generation adults occurred considerably earlier than usual.


/ The follo7inC ,o1te credited. to 0. 1. Snapp on page 133 of the' May 1, 1935, Insect Pest Survey Bulletin--" : ay 31. First-generation adults started emerging from peach drops during the night, following rain yesterday"--was se.it in by T. L. Bissell, of Experiment, Ga.





236

C. HE. Alden (June 20): The first-brood adults of plum curculio have
not yet emerged in Cornelia. A few old beetles are still in the orchards.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June): The plum crculio is very scarce this year.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): Jarring: at Hartford and at East Lansing
failed to disclose plum curculio on plums until June 8. They usually
appear considerably earlier at these places.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 20): The peach curculio is more abundant
and earlier than in several years, which indicates a second generation.

ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molestc Busek)

CoLnnecticut. P. Garman (Juno 214): The first generation is unusually light.

Ne7 York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. NeWs Letter (June): From the middle of
June to the end of the month damage to twigs by the oriental fruit moth
was observed throughout the State. Damage was not severe.

Dela-are. L. A. Stearns (June 19): Forty-two percent mortality of overwintered larvae. Unfavorable weather conditions prevailed during emergence period of spring brood. Emergence co-rpleted June 1. Tigi injury by first-brood larvae somewhat liahter tha1. usual; brood nowi practice ally
mature.

Pennsylvania. T. L. Guyton (June 20): The oriental fruit moth is not numerous in Franklin, Adams, and Juniata Counties.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): This insect continues less abundant on peach
than unal at Fort Valley.

C. H. Alden (June 20): The oriental fruit moth has caused very little
twig and no fruit injury at Cgrnalia to date.

Arkansas. D. Isley (June 22): Injury by the oriental fruit moth has been
almost totally absent both in nrthwestern Arkansas and in the ordeards
9n the southern end of Crow.leyls Ridge in northeastern Arkansas.

Tennessee. G. K. Bentley (June 16): The oriental fruit moth is 50 percent
more abundant than last month in all parts of the State,

Mississippi. t. Lyle (June 22): Inspector G. I. Worthington on June 18 reported general damage to peach twigs by the oriental peach moth throughout
Washington, Bolivar, an. Sunflower Counties. Inspector N. D. Peets reports considerable damage in Lincoln County, and hoa y infestations were
reported to this office directly by correspondents in Dorsey and Meridian.

PEACE BORER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): Although hundreds of poach troos in commecia
orchards in all directions from Fort Valley have been regularly examined





237

since April 15, only four pupae have been collected to date, which indicates that there is practically no pupation of this insect under orchard
conditions in this locality until July.

Colorado. G. M. List (June 22): Pupae of the peach tree borer were found
in the Palisade section on June 13. The injury from this insect to both peach and cherry trees has been heavier than during the past two seasons.

BLACK PEACH APHID (Anuraphis persicae-niger Smith)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (May 22): The black peach aphid is abundant on
planting of young peaches at Camden.

LEA-F00OTED BUG (Leptoglossus phyllopus L.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (June 20): This insect continues abundant at Fort Valley,
and has caused many misshaped peaches. Iymphs are abundant.

PZAR

PEAR PSYLLA. (Psyllia iyricola Foerst.)

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 24): The pear psylla is not abnormally abundant
on pear in Tew Haven County.

Tew York. H. Y. State Coll. Agr. Tews Letter (June): During the first week
in the month eggs for the second brood were being laid in the Hudson River
Valley, and about the middle of the month eggs were hatching. In the
western part of the State this insect was very numerous. A report from
Monroe County indicates that it was more numerous than ever before.

PEA.R MIDGE (Contarinia pyrivora Riley)

New York. 1T. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The pear midge seriously
damaged the fruit crop in a number of orchards in both the eastern and
western parts of the State.

ROM LEAF BEETLE (Nlodonota puncticollis Say)

Hew York. IT. Y. State Coll. Agr. NIews Letter (June): Rose leaf beetles were
especially abundant in Dutchess County last week. They made up for their delayed appearance by an unusually vigorous cLmpaign on apples and pears.
Where fresh applications of arsenic had not been made, injury was serious.
They began feeding heavily on pears on June 17 in Ulster Couaty and have
ruined the pears in one orchard.

A FLOW~R T RIPS (Frankliniellca tritici californica MLoulton)

California. U. J. Ryoan (June 17): Thrips, principally this species, haveboeen
causing some damage to pears in the ALntelope Valley, and some control
treatments have been applied.







238


CHMRY

CIMMY FRUIT PLIES (flhagoletis spp.)

N~ew Yor k. 1T. Y. Stnate Coll. Aar. Ie-.s Letter (June ):Cherry fruit flies,
R. faust 0. S. mid R. ciiat -o7, began to emerge daring the first
,7eel-, in June in the Hudsoni River Valley.

! Achign~i. R. Hiutson (June): n-he dark-bodied cherry fruit fly (a. fausta
emerged at Gobles onl Ju:ne 7, at Grend Rapids on June 11, at Shelby on
the 15th, at Beulah on the 16th, at Uortyort on the lath, andi at
Triverse City on the 26th. The lighit-banded cherry fruit fly (R. cinuimata)
appeared at St. Joseph o:.i Jtunc 17.

BLACK CH&3.RY AMID Wiyzus cerasi :Pab.)

!T7- Jersey. T. J. Headlee (Junie 21): We have a co-nsiderable in-festation of
black cherry aphids.

lUaryland. E. 1T. Cory (Junie 22): Black cherry aphaids are feeding on sweet
cherry generally throughout the State. They are quite prevalent.

CH7,.RY LEAF' B=TI1X (Galerucella cavicollis Lec. )

Michiagan. R.. Hutson (Junie 25): The wild cherry leaf beetle is very prevalent
in the vicinity of Topinabee. Th.Is is one of the first outbreaks of this
insect noted since 1915. The last time this insect -..as prevalent prior
to 1915 -.ms in 1900.

GRhAP3

GRAPZ LAMIPP~R (Erythroneura comes Sa y)

ITe-. York. 1T. Y. State Coll. Agr. 1'e,s Letter (Junie): Grape leafhopper
adults axe numerous enough i some vineyards in Dutchess County to
produce a troublesome evop of nymphs later on.

Delv-7aa-e L. A. Stearns (June 20): The first first-brood ;1ymphs oppeaired.
iza Camden between June 13 and 20; less abundant than usual. First activity of over,.7ntered adults observed in vineyards on LUoy 21. The iifesteatio. .7ill'probably be much. lighter thran usual.

UAichignn. R. Hutson (Julie 19): Adults of grape leafhopper are very abundanxt
on Crapes about Decatur, where as many as 25 or 30 are corm.only found on
the under sides of youna grape leaves,

Arizona. C. D. Lebort (June 24):- The grape leahopper .observed oa grapovines. Some foliage injury.





239

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Grape leafhoppers were damaging grapes at
Hurricane and North Farmington. Nymphs are becoming adult in southern
Utah.

California. H. J. Ryan (June 17): The grape leafhopper has started to show
up on some grape plantings in Los Angeles County and it is possible that
a little control work will be done. It is too early to tell whether
the infestations All be as heavy as last year.

GRAPE BERY MOTH (Polychrosis viteana Clem.) Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 1): First emergence of spring-brood moths
on May 30; no first-brood injury observed,



CURRAa1T APRID (yzus ribis L.)

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Currmnt and gooseberry bushes throughout
the State infested with aphids this sumer.

FOUR-LIM"D PLA1T BUG (Poecilocapsus lineatus Fab.)

Ne7 York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Four-lined plant bugs
are serious in a few currant patches in Ulster and Dutchess Counties.

SAY'S STINK BUG (Chlorochroa say: Stahl) Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Sayls plant bugs were present in injurious
abundance on black currants at Virgin.

CURERIT STEM GIRDLER (Janus integer Nort.) New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 17): Currant stera girdlers
are serious in a few currant patches in Dutchess County.

Maryland. E. i. Cory (June 12): The willow shoot sawfly (J. integer) is attack.
ing pussy willow at Laurel.

PECAN

FALL WEBWOPRM (Hyphantria cunea Drury) New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 17): The fall webworm was
hatching on June 10 and was making tents on June 12 in Orange County.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 20): First appearance of fall webworm in Newark. Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): The fall webworm is attacking a variety ot
shade and ornamental trees at College Park.












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241

CALITRIIA RED SCALZ (Chrysomphalus aurantii Mask.)

Celifornia. H. J. Ryan (June 17): Red scale infestations increased rapidly
in Los Angeles County during the wam, winter, but in early spring there was a noticeable decrease in emergence and present indications are that
infestations generally will be little, if anyv, worse than last year,
although considerably heavier than normal.

C0OTTOYf-CUSHIOIT SCALE (Icerya purchasi Mask.)

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (June 24): Several new infestations of the cottony
cushion scale have been discovered in and around Phoenix on ornamentals
and ornamental citrus. Vedalia beetles (Rodolia cardinalis huls.) are
placed in each locality for control.

CIMTRUS RUST MITE (phyllocoptes oleivorus Ashm.)

Plorida. J. R. Watson (June 20): Up until the last few days the weather
has been dry over most of the citrus belt, with the result that heavy
infestations of rust mites were built up on citrus.





2,49


TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

SEED CORN MAGGOT (11&2emyia cilicrura Rond.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The corn seed maggot was destructive to
corn in Tippecanoe, Tipton, and La Porte Counties the first few days in
June. These infestations were found in early planted corn that did
not germinate promptly because of the cool, wet weather.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): Some of the heaviest infestations of seed
corn maggot ever seen have been reported from Charlotte on peas and beans.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Seed corn maggots are unusually
severe throughout the State, requiring replanting of beans and corn in a
great many places.

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): The seed corn maggot is moderately
abundant. A few reports of injury where 'corn germinated slowly were received.

North Dakota. T. A. Munro (June 23): The corn seed maggot caused heavy
damage to several fields of wheat and corn in the vicinity of Selfridge, Sioux County, on June 10. On June 21 it was causing moderate injury to
a field of corn in Burleigh County, in the vicinity of dIilton, McLean
County.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 14): The seed corn maggot was repeatedly reported as destroying planted seed corn from Antelope, Boone, and Sherman
Counties during the last week in May.

Idaho. C. Oakeland (June 22): Stands of peas in the Donnelly area, Valley
County, have been thinned materially and a few fields plowed up because of the attack of the aeed corn maggot. This is the first record we have of this insect attacking peas. The seed corn maggot has also caused injury
to bean stands in Jerome and Twin Falls Counties.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Seed corn maggots have injured germinating
beans and corn in Utah County*

A TORTRICID (Ablabia longana Raw.)

Oregon. W, D. Edwards (June): Emerged at Corvallis on June 17; oviposition, June 20. Attacking hops and flax in dillamette Valley.

STRIPED CUCUMER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab*)

Virginia. H. Walker (June 25): Striped cucumber beetles have been very
abundant in some fields of cucumbers and cantaloups in Norfolk, but very
scarce in other fields*

Ohio. B.J Landis (June 24): Striped cucumber beetles appeared in numbers
on squash nnd citron at Columbus from June 1 to 3.





240


Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): The striped cucumber beetle has beer
more abundant this summer than for several years and is doing serious
damage to cucurbits everywhere, except where control measures are being persistently carried on.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 20): The striped cucumber beetle is active on
squash and pickles at Auburn.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Striped cucumber beetles are reported as
generally abundant over the State, injuring melons especltily.

Oklahoma. F. A *Fenton (June 24): The striped cucumber beetle is causing
severe damage to cucumbers and squash.

BLISTER BEETLES (Meloidae)

South Carolina. W.V C. Nettles (June 21)1 Striped blister beetle reported attcking soybeans and dahlias.

Alabamas J. M. Robinson (June 20): Epicaute pennsylvanica DeG. and
Maerobasis unicolor Kby. were destroying 3 acres of Irish potatoes in
Payette County, cinerea marginate Fab. was destroying beans at Leroy.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (June 22); Numerous complaints of blister beetles have been received during the month. E. Lemniscate Fab. was
reported from Ethel on June 7 and from Belden on June 17. M. unicolor
was reported from Mashulaville, Edinburg, Weir, and Noxapater. Irish potatoes were suffering most severely, with tomatoes being attacked at one
place. Blister beetles are attacking soybeans and gardeA crops on several
properties in the vicinity of Grenada.

Kansase H. R. Bryson (June 27): Blister beetles were reported to be eausing
injury to potatoes at Ada on June 16.

MARGINED SOLDIER BEETLE (kshaultognathus marginatus ab.)

Ohio. Ts S. Houses (June 10)s A correspondent at Germantown reports that
the dtPained soldier beetles first ate the center of young corn seedlings
aM htAe Ce@ on the leaves. Serious damage was done to lima beans.
4fafa ant veeds were lo attaokeds

SAMS MRI=C BU i (y si .0e Schill.)

UVA$ s. E J&a%%W IJune 11); False ehlAch bugs we"e abs dut t% northern
#1.kte0 '101 week

U 7 Go '. XaoVIoR (JuAe 20): False chinch bugs are 4am~iagng tuips,
bbOtAt On ratle s, in one garden at Znterprise.





24'4


SOUTHERN GREEN STINK BUG (Nezara riridula L.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 20): The southern green stink bug has been mcre
common than usual at this season of the year. However, it was about 50
percent parasitized by Trichopoda pennipes Fab., which is a higher parasitization than usual.

GARDEN FLEA HOPPER (Halticus citri Ashm.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 24): Garden flea hoppers have been from moderately to very abundant on cantaloups, beets, carrots, beans,and lettuce in
fields near Norfolk.

MEADOW FROGHOPPER (Philaenus leucophthalmus L.)

New Jersey. To T. Headlee (June 21): We have had a most extraordinary outbreak of spittle insects occurring on legumes, particularly sweetclover
and alfalfa, and also on weeds. We have had some outbreaks on strawberries
and less on raspberries and blackberries. The species concerned in this
outbreak is P. leucophthalmus and about five of its varieties.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 11): p. leucophthalmus is unusually prevalent
on alfalfa, clover, and whitetop. Nymphs in spittle masses were threefourths mature on May 29. First adults appeared on June 11. Infestations were heavy throughout northern New Castle County, but light in Kent and Sussex Counties. Several color varieties are represented.

SPRINGTAILS (Collembola)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (May): The springtail Achorutes maturus Folsom was abundant on strawberry plants at Provo on May 23. Onychiurus sp. was reported on May 30 as destroying germinating beans at Alton. (Det. by J. 'J.
Folsom.)
Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): Springtails were reported as destructive to
15 acres of alfalfa seedlings at Muncie on May 27.
GARDEN CENTIPEDE (Scutigerella immaculata Newp.)

California. A. E. Michelbacher (June 21): The garden centipede has apparently been more destructive this year than heretofore. Many field crops, as well as greenhouse plantings, have been injured considerably. During the past week at Alvarado, I examined a portion of a potato planting that was being severely damaged. This is the first time I have ever observed potatoes being injured by this pest.

POTATO AND TOMATO

COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

New Jersey. C. H. Hadley (June 5): First adults of the Colorado potato beetle
observed today, attacking tomato at Moorestown.





245


Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June): First adults observed on small potato
plants qt Newark on May 30. Infestation general by June 15.

Florida. 5. R. Watson (June 20); The Colorado potato beetle attacked plan*ings of eggplants in Gainesville in large numbers.

Ohio. T. S. House (June 19): The damage by the Colorado. potato beetle to
tomatoes in the Marietta truck growing district has been considerable this year. Not only is the foliage eaten, but some of the young tomatoes are
nipped and the value of the fruit is thus destroyed. Some growers have
have been obliged to spray or dust.

B. T. Landis (June 24): Colorado potato beetles were n numerous at
Columbus June 10. First pupae were observed on June 17.

Alabama. J. AM. Robinson (June 20): The Colorado potato beetle is abundant I
on late potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, and other solanaceous plants, pultivated and wild, throughout the State.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 18): Colorado potato beetle moderately
abundant at Fargo.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (June 24): The Colorado potato beetle has been cbing considerable damage to tomato plants in large plantings in the vicinity of
Muscatine and Cedar Rapids. It is also found on potatoes, but not in such
large numbers as on tomato.

CORN EAR WOIRM (Heliothis obsolete Fab.)

Ohio. T. S. House (June): First adult of the season observed at Marietta
on June 12. This insect was flushed from a tomato plant. Although a
careful watch has been maintained, no eggs have been seen. Adults have
not been attracted to baits or to a trap light, although both methods are
operated continuously.

South Carolina. F. Sherman (June 21): The corn ear worm is more abundant in
tomato fruits at this early season than in most years. No nearby corn is
yet in silk, which I believe to be a factor.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): The corn ear worm has caused more than
usual damage to tomatoes at this time of the year Inspector G. L. Bond
reports that it was so abundant in a field of corn near Pascagoula thet all'
the top leaves were cut back half their length.

Kansas. We T. Emery (June 17): The first eggs on silks of sweet corn in the
Kansas State Agricultural College experimental '-lots at Manhattan were observed today.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): The corn ear worm is causing light injury to beans, tomatoes, and corn. The population is very small. Two
adult males have been recently collected in the trap light.






245


California. J. C. Elmore (June 19): Tomato growers in Orange County say
that the tomato fruit worm is unseasonably abundant this year. One parasite has been observed.

THREE-CORNERED ALFALFA HOPPER (Stictocephala festina Say)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): The three-cornered alfalfa hopper was girdling tomato plants at Starkville on June 5. The damage was very similar
to that done on alfalfa.

POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashme,)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 25): The pink and green aphid is becoming
rather abundant in some fields of potatoes, eggplant, and tomatoes at Norfolk.

Ohio. B.J. Landis (June 14): The pink and green aphid on tomato is extremely numerous at Columbus.

BEANS

MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupta Muls.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (June 24): This beetle emerged from hibernation
about two weeks later than usual.

New Jersey. E. Kostal (June 17): The Mexican bean beetle was first noted on
garden beans on June 8 in Monmouth County. This is 2 weeks later than the
average date for the past 4 years.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 5): Overwintered adults observed i4 several
localities on this date; infestation about normal on Tune 19.

Maryland. J. A. Hyslop (July 1): Larvae extremely numerous at Silver AprinC4
No pupae observed.

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (June 20): The Mexican bean beetle has been reported in larger numbers than usual from different sections of the State.

H. G. Talker (June 25); The Mexican bean beetle is moderately abundant
at Norfolk. About 35 percent survived the winter and emerged from our
hibernation cage.

F. F. Smith (June 3): Although beans were present in gardens in the
residential section of Clarendon during the latter part of April, the first
adult beetle wes not noted until May 4.

(;hio. E. W. mndenhall (June 12); The Mexicen bean beetle has put in its
~p~a~n~in 114 tigVA&id axA il~ of 11w)en a8n -7em- bI Uurjagq".





247


B. J. Landis (June 24): On June 10 adults of the Mexican bean beetle
were feeding extensively on young soybeans at Columbus.

H. C. Mason (June 24): Fourth-instar bean beetle larvae are quite
numerous at South Point and a few scattered pupae are appearing. Heavy rainfall and cool weather at South Point has retarded the development of
the beetle.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The Mexican bean beetle has been prevalent
throughout the southern part of the State and reports are now being received from many localities in the northern half.

South Caroline. W. C. Nettles (June 21): The Mexican bean beetle is complained of as rorse than heretofore near the coast.

C. 0. Bare (June 15): Typical Mexican bean beetle'injury to bean
foliage on 10 plants in a back-yard garden in Charleston County was found
and 7 larvae were present at the time of examinations

Alabama. T. M. Robinson (June 20): The Mexican bean beetle is generally
very abundant over the central and northern parts of the State.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Many complaints of the Mexican bean beetle
have been received throughout the month. Undoubtedly weather conditions
have been rather favorable for it. Two new counties in the southern part
of the State, Covington and Jones, are infested for the first time.

BEAN LEAF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)

Virginia. F. F. Smith (June 3): Bean leaf beetle adults are numerous and
causing extensive injury to a planting of lima beans near Talls Church.

Alabama. J. i5. Robinson (June 20): Bean leaf beetles are active at Leroy
on beans*

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Injury to the roots of beans by larvae
was reported from Lexington on June 4, and to bean foliage by adults from
Hattiesburg on June 20.

LIMA BEiLN VINE BORER (Monoptilota pergratialis Hulst)

::ississippi. M. L. Grimes (June 22): Injury to beans by the lima bean
vine borer was observed at Meridian on June 4.

PEAS

PEA AIID (Illinola pisi Kalt.)

Connecticut. 7. Turner (June 24): Pea aphids are reported as very abundant
in two large fields at New Haven.






24


,;ew York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): Pea aphids are showing up on peas to some extent in Niagara County. One cannery imported
ladybeetles pnd liberated them in pea fields in an endeavor to control
the aphids. Some canners are dusting.

Ohio. T. i. Parks (June 26): A telephone call today reports that the pea
aphid is badly injuring peas grown for P canning factory at Wauseon.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The cool spring has been unusually favorable to aphids, which are exceedingly abundant on garden crops, especially
peas.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 11): The pea aphid is fairly abundant on alfalfa
at Lakeview, Vestaburg, Frankfort, and Fremont. Also observed on peas
at Ithaca on May O, but only a few winged migrants were present.

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Reports received from all over the
State wherever peas are grown extensively for canning, indicate serious
infestations in spots and an abundance of them on alfalfa.

J. E. Dudley, Jr., (June 18): A heavy infestation of aphids in alfalfa
in southern Wisconsin followed a generally cool, wet spring, which is not supposed to be favorable for rapid multiplication of thq insect. Heavy and general flights occurred late in May to peas* Infestation built up
rapidly but was reduced by rainstorms and cool weather early in June; again built up rapidly following several warm, humid days, until many
fields of peas less than a foot high were threatened with serious injury.
The prolonged recent rains have again reduced the infestation considerably*

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 18): The aphid is abundant on sweet peas
in Fargo and vicinity.

Kansas. E. T. Jones (June 29): In view of the favorable conditions for
aphid development, sweepings made from June 14 tco 2. in alfalfa fields in
nine counties in eastern Kansas have shown a rem,2rkable scarcity of aphids.
In general the aphid population, which was increasing in April, has dropped
back to a low point. Predatory insects which were very abundant two months
ago are now conspicuously absent. Presumably the large numbezsof ladybeetles and nabids (Nabis ferus L.) present in April have been reduced to
practically none through starvation.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Considerable damage to peas by .the pea
aphid was reported from Hamilton on June 19.

Idaho. C. Wakeland (June 22): Pea aphids are almost entirely absent from
the pea fields of northern Idaho this years Parasitization was very heavy
last summer, so that the hold-over population of the aphid was light.
Ladybeetles hibernated successfully in enormous numbers and migrated to
pea fields early, so there is little possibility of pea aphid populations
increasing sufficiently to cause any damage.





249


Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 22): Pea sphids are causing some injury-to
field peas in Box Elder County.

CABBAGE

CABBAGE MAGGOT (Hylemoa brassicae Bouche)

New York. N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June): The cabbage maggot
has occasioned severe damage in Niagara, Wayne, and Ontario Counties.

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 20): The cabbage maggot is causing
tremendous damage in the mountain cabbage sections, and is especially
destructive to commercial plantings of cabbage in Avery, Macon, and Jackson Counties. .

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June.20): Cabbage maggots have seriously injured cabbage and radishes, and some truck growers complain they have
lost their crops despite repeated treatments.

CABBGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): Cabbage.aphid has been abundant during
the month on cabbage at Crawfordsville, Marengo, and elsewhere in the
State.

North Dakota. J. Munro (June 18): The cabbage aphid is abundant in
Fargo and vicinity.

HJiRLEQUIN BUG (Murgantia histrionica Hahn) 2I

Virginia. H.G Walker (June 25): The harlequin bug, although present,
has been very scarce this spring at Norfolk.

.DIAMOND-BACK MOTH (Plutella maculipennis Curt.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 25): Larvae of the diamond-back moth are beginning to appear in moderate numbers in some fields of cabbage at Norfolk.

Ohio. B. Landis (June 24): First diamond-back moth observed in field
June 5 at Columbus.

Colorado. G. M. List (June 22): The larvae of the diamond-back moth are
very numerous in the western part of Colorado. In the Grand Junction
area they have developed in large numbers on whitetop, or perennial peppergrass, a noxious weed in that region. Cabbage is being rather severely injured in some localities.


a! In the note on M. histrionica by B. J. Landis and H. Co Mason, on page 143 of the last number of the Insect Pest Survey Bulletin, the place of observation was South Point, Ohio, not Columbus.





250

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 7): Diamond-back moths are heavily attacking
mustards in various parts of northern Utah. At North Ogden they are
hevily attacking whitetop, .

CiBBAG; LOOPER (Autographa bressicae Riley)

Virginia. H. G. VWalker (June 25): Larvae of the cabbage looper are beginning to appear in moderate numbers in some fields of late cabbage.

MELONS

PI CKL .ORMS (Diaphania spp.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 20): D. hyalinata L., and D. nitidalis Stoll,
are becoming very numerous, as usual, this time of the year. At least
75 percent of the squashes, cucumbers, and cantaloups are infested.

Yississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): The pickle worm, according to inspector
N. L. Douglass, has been reported from several localities in Yalobusha
and Grenada Counties. a specimen was received from Shuqualak, Noxubee County, on May 28 and adults were collected at lights at State College,
Oktibbeha County, on June 14.

HORNED SQUASH BUG (Anasa armigera Say)

Mississippi, C. Lyle (June 14): Severe damage to melon vines was reported
from Meridian on June 14.

CARROT

CARROT BEETLE (Ligyrus gibbosus DeG.)

Illinois. VW. P. Flint (June 21): A very heavy flight of advilts of the
carrot beetle observed in the southern third of the State. This beetle is very abundant on ragweed and is causing severe damage to young corn on
bottom land.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): The carrot beetle was reported.at Mqnchester on June 17 as injuring carrots. This beetle had been very common
for the past 2 years on everything but carrots.

Minnesota. A. M. Granovsky (June 21): The carrot beetle is very common in
several sections of the State. The beetles are injuring carrots and
other truck orops. One large planting of perennial coreopsis near, Minneapolis was completely ruined by the adults feeding on the roots.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): The carrot beetle has been more abundant
this year than I have ever seen it in Missouri. It is even attracting
attention on the golf greens in Columbia.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): The carrot beetle is reported to be
abundant, causing injury in a garden at Coolidge. A correspondent stated
that the same garden had been injured in previous years.





25.1


SWEETPOTATO

SWVEETPOTATO LEAF BEETLE (Typophorus viridicyaneus Crotch)

North Carolina. C. He. Brannon (June 13): The sweetpotato leaf beetle 'is
very abundant on sweetpotatoes in Currituck County.

A TORTOISE BEETLE (Metriona bivittata Say)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 20): Adults abundant on sweetpotato at
Laurel, where they are feeding considerably. Eggs have been deposited
but none have hatched.

SWETPOTATO FLEA BEETLE (Chaetocnema confinis Crotch)

Virginia. H. G. Walker (June 25): The sweetpotato flea beetle was reported
as being very abundant in some sweetpotato fields at Norfolk early in June.

A WEEVIL (Calomycterus setarius Roelofs)

Pennsylvania. T. L. Guyton and A. B. Champlain (June 17): Specimens were
brought to the Department office by a resident of Mechanicsburg, who complained that they were damaging his sweetpotato plants. hs the species
was not represented in our collection we visited the truck patch for more material. We also examined the general locality. We found the beetle
abundant on yarrow, generally scattered on the flower, and quite plentiful
on the new sweetpotato plants. This is the first record of this insect
from Pennsylvania. (fet. by L. L. Buchanan.)

ONION

ONION MAGGOT (Hylemyia antiqua Meig.)

New York. M. C. Richards (June 17): Onion maggots are causing serious
losses to many growers in Nassau County.

Wisconsino E. L. Chambers (June 20'): Reports of injury to onions have been
more common this spring than for several years. Some report complete
crop failure in smaller patches.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 26): Onion maggots have killed 95 percent of
the onions in one garden patch at Logan. Reports of injury to onions in
several parts of Utah County have also been received.

STRAWBERRY

STRAWBERRY LEAF ROLLER (Ancylis comptana Froel.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The strawberry leaf roller has been reported from all parts of the State, and apparently is more abundant than
normally.





25


Idaho. R. w. Haegele (June 19): Infestation of the strawberry leaf roller
is severe in many fields in Canyon County, reducing the yield of crop.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 7): Strawberry leaf rollers are now found in
all stages from the moth to nearly mature larvae. (June 17): Moths
are abundant at Hobble Creek.

PALE-STRIPED FLEA BZETLE (Systena taeniate blanda Melsh.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): One of the nursery inspectors brought in
pale-striped flea beetles, stating that they had almost destroyed strawberry plants in a new planting near Mount Vernon in Knox Co~inty.

1E. G. Iendenhall (June 26): The pale-striped flea beetle found badly
infesting strawberry plantations at Mount Gilead in Morrow County.

STRAWBERRY 'VWLIL (Anthonomus signatus Say)

Connecticut. B.H. HWalden (June 20): It was estimated that the strawberry
weevil damage to a 3-acre field at Burlington, Hartford County, was 20
percent. They are more abundant than in an average year.

EARLY STRAWBtRhY SLUG (Empria fragariae R6hwo')

Nebraska. M. H. 8wenk (June 14): On June 7 the early strawberry slug was
reported to be working on the leaves of strawberry plants in Holt County.

PEPPER

PEPPER LEVIL (Anthonomus eugenii Cafio)

Florida. J. R. Watson (June 20): The pepper weevil, whose appearance in
Florida was announced last month, has continued to build up a heavy infestation. By the first of June it was causing losses of at least 80 percent of the crop in Manatee County, where it was found. Scouting in adjoining
counties filed to reveal its presence#

SUGAR BELTS

BEET LEAjIOPPER (Eutettix tenellus Bak.)

Idaho. R. Heegele (June 19): The spring flight of the beet leafhopper
started on June 4, resulting in from one to six bugs per beet plant. The infestation is heavy on tomatoes, beans, end beets in most gardens in the
Parna district.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 12): Beet leafhoppers are now increasing in
some areas in northern Utah. Some severe curly top is evident in most beet fields examined recently in Davis and Jeber Counties. (June 17): Many tomato plants are severely affected with curly top at Santa Clara.
(June 21): A small percentage of the beets in Cache County already show





253


severe curly top where beet !eefhoppers are becoming increasingly abundant,

TOBACCO

TOMATO WORM (Phlegethontius sexta Johan.)

Georgia and Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (June 19): Tomato worm infestations
in the shade-grown tobacco district of northern Florida and the flue-cured
tobacco section of southern Georgia are considered about normal.

POTATO TUBER WORM (Gnorimoschema operculella Zell.)

Georgia. F. S. Chamberlin (June 20): Only one infestation of commercial
importance observed this season in tobacco. This one infestation of
splitworm is located at Norman Park#

TOBACCO BUDWORM (Heliothis virescens Feb.)

Georgia and Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (June 20): Tobacco budworms appear
to be more abundant than usual in the northern Florida tobacco district
but about normal in southern Georgia*

POTATO STALK BORER (Trichobaris trinotata Say)

North Carolina. C. H. Brannon (June 26): The potato stalk borer has appeared in destructive numbers on tobacco in Onslow County. The infestation
is spotted ana is confined largely to one field. This species was reported from Onslow County in 1932 as the first recorded instance of attack on
tobacco.


COTTON INSECTS

BOLL WEVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)

South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (June 21): Coincident with earlier fruiting
than usual, reports indicate more boll weevil damage than usual this early
in the season.
Clemson Agt. Call. Ext. Serv. News Letter (June 3): Weevils are
reported as abundant in many of the coastal counties. County agents report
large variations in the number of adult weevils found per acre, stating that often several fields would be visited before weevils were found; in
other fields as many as 3,000 weevils per acre might be found.
F. F. Bondr and C. F. Rainwater (June 22): Emergence from hibernation
is probably about complete. A few fields are fairly well infested, but
the heat and dry weather are killing many of the weevil larvae in the
squares on the ground. Some weevil pupae have been observed and the first
generation will soon be out.





254


eori.. T. L. Bissell (June 19): The boll weevil is injurious at Pxperiment. Punctured squares containing half-gro-n larvae are falling frora
early cotton.

C. H. Alden (Juno 20): Boll weevils are scarce at Cornelia.

Alabama. J. 4Y. Robiason (June 20): The cotton boll weevil is moderately
abundant in central and southern Alabama. Weevils have been reported
as earlier nad more numerous than usual in the Tehessee Valley near
Htatsvil Io.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): The boll weevil is already appearing in
large numbers in many cotton fields. Ixaminations made by State Plant
Board inspectors in. 124 fields in 37 counties during the week ended
June 15 showed weevils present on g4 farms, with an aVerage of 192
weevils per acre on 65 farms, and an infestation of 92 percent on 19
farms where squares were large enough to be counted. Weevils are already present in Tippahi and Tishomingo Counties on the Tennessee border, which
is usually the last part of the State to become infested each season.

E. W. Dunnam (June 22): Boll weevils are appearing in great numbers
in early cotton, especially near wooded areas, in Washington County and adjoining counties in the Delta. Practically no weevils can be found in
large open fields of late cotton.

E. C. Young (June 29): The infestation in 10 Oktibbeha County
fields averaged 22.1 percent, as compared to g.7 percent in similar
fields a year ago.

M. C. Ewing (June 29): In twelve fields in Forrest County the
average infestation was 10.2 percent, as compared to 17.5 percent for
the week ending June 30, 1934.

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (June 7)r H. B. Browm, who has charge of cotton
production at the Baton Rouge station, reports that he and his assistants
have recently gathered up to 100 or more weevils per acre from some of
their early planted plats of cotton. This indicates a rather heavy
weevil survival.

i. 0. Gaines (June 22): Some first-generation weevils emerged
during the past week. (June 29): The average square infestation in 34 untreated plots was 9.5 percent. The infestation was sufficiently high
to make poisoning necessary for approximately one-third of the plots that will be treated. Indications are that a large proportion of the
acreage in this territory will be poisoned this season. Considerable
commercial poisoning with airplanes and ground machines has already
been done.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (Jtuie 21): Cotton is very late in the boll weevil
section of Oklahoma, which comprises the eastern two-thirds *f the State.
Up to and including June 19, a total of 25 weevils had emerged from
hibernation cages, out of a total of 25,000 installed in the fall of






256

1934. This is compared to 19g out of 28,000 installed in the fall of 1933, and 22 out of 35,000 installed in the fall of 1932. Weevils are
just now beginning to make their appearance in the fields. In one f ield
at EuCgla, we failed to find any weevils on June 6. On June 10 they were foLund at the rate of 10 per acre, end on the 12th at the rate of
75 per acre. In 01nu1gee County they average 9o per acre. In Atolca
County only one field examination was made and weevils averaged 29r per
acre. In Mcurtain County they varied from 20 to 330 per acre.

Texas. H. J. Reinhard (June 22): Weather has continued to be very favorable
for boll weevil multiplication throughout central and southern Texas.
In some fields situated near woods or other favorable hibernation quarters 50 percent of the suqares have been punctured.

K. P. Ewing and R. L. McGarr (June 22): Infestation records made
in two fields in Calhoun County show an average of 46.4 percent of the squares punctured by the boll weevil. These fields probably represent
the maximum infestation in the county, as they are located close to
woods in a creek bottom. However, weevils and punctured squares are
very noticeable in many fields in the open prairie.

BET ARMYWOM (LaPhy exi Ebn.)

Texas. H. J. Reilniard (June 22): On June 3 the beet artworm was reported
as seriously damaging alfalfa and cotton in Reeves County. Sweetclover
and several other crops were Also attacked.

New Mexico. J. S. Brock (June 3): The beet trmyworm is doing considerable
damage to young cotton, Indian corn, alfalfa, and garden and truck
crops in the irrigated valleys of New Mexico. The first appearance of the arryworm was reported in the Mesilla Vlley about May 20. Part of the young cotton crop is being replanted and various poisons are being
used in an effort to control the pest.

Arizona. T. 0. Barber (May 29): On May 27 a survey was made in the neighborhood of Safford and it was found that a little green worm (probably the
beet armyworm), which has recently been very active in the various cotton
districts, had inflicted damage generally to the seedling cotton. In
most cases this injury had not materially reduced the stand, but the
cotton had been frequently set back at least a week or 10 days in recoverIng from the injury. The invasion of the worms was apparently almost
ended, as considerable searching was necessary to find a few specimens
for our collection. This contrasted with conditions of the preceding week,
when several of the worms in all sizes could be found in every group of
seedlings. In only one case was absolute destruction of the cotton stand
reported, one man stating that he was goi:ne to have to replant 40 acres.
In several cases the stand appeared to be materially injured, but in
many cases the terminal buds of the seedlings were uninjured, and in the
course of time would produce fresh foliage.





256

CTOMS (iioctuidae)

Arizona. T. C. Barber (May 29): The most drastically injured cotton observed
on ,7 survey around Safford was a field where cutworms were working;. It was located about 3 miles west of Safford ad consisted of 50 acres of cotton seedlings, of which the western half of the field was destroyed 100 percent, while the eastern half of the field had a good stand. The
outbreak had ovidenItly started alone the entire western edge of the field
and the worms had steadily advanced along the cotton rows to the center, destroying every cotton plant as they advanced. The line of demarcation at the point of farthest advance was plainly visible from the road, about
150 yards distent. Specimens of the cutworms were collected out of the
soil along the edge of the line of injury, and considerable fresh damage
was visible, indicating that the worm advance was still in progress.
All cutworms collected were evidently nearly fully grown, however, aid
apparently they were about reeAy to pupate. This indicated that the
damage would soon decrease.

Eiript. A. H. Rosenfeld (June 9): The principal entomological feature here
for MUy was the appearance of rather large numbers of eggs of Prodenia sp. in the northernn Delta, during the record-breakinaly sustained hot
spell of the last week, with smaller numbers, as usual, in the more
southerly Delta. In Upper Egypt, also, there were sporadic cases of
oviposition, but damage is seldom serious south of Cairo. Under the supervision of Government inspectors and with the cooperation of the
planters, haad picking has been apparently effectively carried out and
few worms are at present in evidence.

PI1 BOLL WMM (Pectinophora gossYpiella Saund.)

Texas. R. E. McDonald (May 27): Both of the trap plots at Castolon are
now blooming. "The first part of the week a pink boll worm was found in
a bloom from the Cartledge plot. The plots at Presidio have not yet
begun blooming; however, L. B. Coffin found a few blooms, none of which
were infested, in stub cotton on two farms.

BOLL WOR1 (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)

Louisiana. W. E.Hinds (June 7): This morning I received complaints from
a cotton grower located about 14 or 15 miles from Baton Rouge regarding a heavy outbreak of cotton boll worm in his youzg cotton. Lost of these
worms are from one-half to two-thirds grown, with very few full-grown
wor-.s present. Bolls are beginning to roach the half-grown stcge. 2iis outbreak occurs in an area poisoned several times earlier for boll weevil
control and where weevil control has been satisfactory.

COTTON LEAF WORM (Alabama ,llacea Hbn.)

Texas. H. J. Reinhard (June 22): Since May 23 the cotton leaf worm has con-.
tinued to increase and spread in the southern counties of the State. By June 15, cotton plants were being ragged. Poisoning operations are under way in the vicinity of Corpus Christi, Gregory, Taft, and Robstown. The
present northernmost report of occurrence for the insect in Texas is
Williamson County.





257


APHDS (Aphiidae)

General. F. F. Bondy and C. F. Rainwater (May): In a limited survey made in
Iay, five species of aphids were found on cotton along the At-lantic geaboard. 7he green cotton root louse (Anuraphis maidi-radic4 Forbes) was the most widely distributed, having been found in every section of South Carolina, except the extreme west and northwest, and in the eastern part
of Georgiti, North Carolina, and southeastern Virginia. In fact, it waS found causing iV-jury to cotton in every section scouted except northern
Florida. The white cotton root louse (Trifidaphis phaseoli Pass.) was
observed in ma.y parts of South Carolina, in eastern ITorth Carolina, and
in southeastern Virginia. It becomes more numerous along the seaboard in the northern part of the Cotton Belt and reduces the stand in areas
where found. The brom cotton root louse (Rhopalosiphum sp.) was found
in certain areas of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. In every instance but one it was associated with one or both of the other
root aphids. In the one field where this species was found alone the
injury was comparable to that caused by a heavy infestation of either of
the other species. The aerial forms found attacking cotton were APhis medicaginis Koch. and A. gossYmii Glov. A. medicaginis was by far the
more serious and was more generally distributed in Georgia, South Carolina, and F orth Carolina, Its attack is almost always confined to the
terminal buds and it is seldom seen on the large leaves, except in cases of extremely heavy infestation. A, gossypii was found only in scattered areas of the States visited, usually on the larger leaves of the cotton.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Plant lice are rather abundant on cotton
throughout the State, but ladybird beetles are unusually numerous and
are expected to easily hold the lice in check.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 20): The cotton aphids have been moderately
abundant in Auburn, but are being controlled by parasites and predators.,
In the Tennessee Valley near Huntsville and in north-central Alabama
these insects have been very numerous. As a result of the parasites mnd
predators, particularly convergent ladybeetles (Hippodamia convergens
Guer.) the aphids are being controlled.

COTTON FLEA HOPPR (Psallus seriatus Reut.)

Texas. H. J, Reinhard (June 22): Injury to cotton by the cotton flea hopper
seems to be quite general in McLennan, Bell, and Burleson Counties.

A CRICUET (Anurogryllus maticus DeG.)

uississippi. M. L. Grimes (June 22): Injury to cotton by A. putleus was
observed on June 5 at Heidelberg.






258



FOREST AND SHLDE-TREE INSECTS

OBLONG LEAF WEEVIL (Phyllobius oblongus L.)

Ohio. Mo W. Blackman (July 1): A defoliator of various trees in Europe, and
especially injurious to fruit trees, was first found in this country near Rochester, N. Y., 1923. Last year this beetle was found by J. S. Houser
near Painesville, Ohio, and is quite numerous there this year. An examination early in June showed its occurrence over an area some 20 miles long by
10 or 15 miles wide. In places it was very abundant, causing noticeable
but not injurious defoliation on several species of maple and elm.

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR (Maacosome disstrie Hbn.)

Maine. H. B. Person (June 22): Severe outbreaks of the forest tent caterpillar are occurring in the southern half of Maine.

Vermont, H. L. Bailey (June 24): The forest tent caterpillat is extremely
abundant in spots. Complete defoliation of sugar maple orchards observed
or reported 14h*13nnington, Windsor, and Orange Counties. A few larvae
had begun spinning cocoons at Bennington on June 19. White ash trees were
entirely stripped at Bennington, but red maple was left practically untouched in the midst of defoliated sugar maples.

I. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): On June 7 Me disstria was abundant
in the vicinity of Dummerston, Putney, and Bellows Falls. Heavy feeding
was noticeable chiefly on red oak, linden, poplar, ash, and paper birch.
Between Addison and New Haven Junction heavy feeding was noted on June 6 on red oak, linden, and sugar maple, but it seemed to be in rather small
patches.

New Hampshire. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): On June 7 M. disstria was
abundant at Charlestown and Walpoleo

Massachusetts. E. P. Felt (June 25): The forest tent caterpillar is abundant
at Williamstown where it is causing from partial to nearly complete defoliation in local areas.

X. V. Schaffner, Jro (June 24): Very common throughout eastern Massachusetts* The foliage on one large area of oak woodland in Spot Pond Reservation, Stoneham, was severely damaged before it could be sprayed,

Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (June 19): Quite abundant in wooded areas in Salisbury, Canaan, and Colebrook, but not numerous enough to cause extensive
defoliation.

New York. E. P. Felt (June 25): The forest tent caterpillar is abundant at
Millbrook and Amenia, causing from partial to nearly complete defoliation in
local areas.

No Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (June 24): Forest tent caterpillars
are pupating in Essex County.









J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): On June 6 a severe infestation was
noted in woodlands near Port Henry. Many trees, especially oak, linden,
and ash, were defoliated.

Pennsylvania. A. B. Champlain (June 17): First adults noted feeding June 15,
in Dauphin County. Some larvae in field not yet pupated.

Michigan. R. Hutson (June 19): The forest tent caterpillar is causing considerable alarm in the raspberry sections of Cheboygan County, It is extreaely abundant in three townships in the southwestern part of the county,
where it is defoliating wood lots and red raspberry plantings*

"Minnesota. a Ruggles (June 21): A very extensive scourge of these caterpillars is stripping poplars and willows in northeastern part oI the State.

CANOR WORM (Geometridae)

Connecticut. P. Garman (June 24): Unsprayed orchards in New Haven and Fairfield Counties are completely stripped of leaves in many places by Alsophila
pometaria Harr.

M. P. Zappe (June Canker worms, chiefly A. pometaria are quite
abundant throughout the State, many trees being defoliated in some sections.
Northern counties are not as heavily infested as southern*

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): Canker worms A. pometaria
were abundant in many localities through the eastern part of the State,
principally on shade trees but in some places on apple. Serious defoliation wgs reported from Newton, Ipswich, %,psfield, and Waltham. Heavy
feeding was also. reported from many other towns.

Pennsylvania. T. L. Guyton (June 17): A. pometaria is defoliating apple and
elm in Lawrence County.

Ohio* T. H. Parks (June 10): Both the fall cankerworm (A. pometaria) and
the spring cankerworm (Paleacrita vernata Peck) have been causing much defoliation of elm trees in many northwestern counties. Many beautiful elms
are almost stripped of leaves by the hordesof worms. Unsprayed orchards are also being attacked. The infestation extends over the entire northwestern quarter of the State. Sprayed orchards are not being injured.

E. W. Mendenhall (June 12): Spring cankerworms are very injurious in
neglected farm orchards in Clark County. Some of the trees are entirely
defoliated.
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Many neglected farm orchards between
Waupun and Green Bay were defoliated by cankerworms.

SATIN MOTH (Stilpnotia salicis L.)

Oregon* C. A. Cole (June): S. salicis is stripping silver and lombardy poplars of leaves in Clackamas, Marion, Polk, and Yamhill Counties*








GYPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

L'aine. H. Be Peirson (JuIne 22): The gypsy moth was hatching on May 11 in
Action. It was very abundant in Alfred, Brownfield, and Kezar Falls on June
18.

BAGWORM (Thyridopteryx ephemereeformis Haw.)

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 19): Ptior to 1916 practically no reports
came in on this insect and comparatively few infestations were found.
Since that year, however, the number of reports has increased each year.
Few parasites can be reared from the overwintering forms.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (June 20): Bag'worms have been very abundant generally over the State. The larvae have attacked cotton at Huntsville and have
defoliated arborvitae plantings, as well as various ornamental shrubs and
deciduous trees at Auburn, Talladega, Wetumpka, and Tallassee.

ASW

A MIRID (Neoborus sp.)

Connecticut and Pennsylvania. E.' P. Felt (June. 22): An ash plant bug,
Neoborus sp., has been somewhat common on''sh at Stamford, Conn., Md also
in the Philadelphia area, attracting notice by its abundance.



WOOLLY BE Z. APHID (Phyllaphis fagi L*)

New York. R. E. Horsey ('June 20) Woolily beech leaf aphid is quite numerous
on the leaves of an ornamental European beech at Rochester.

Maryland. E. N. Gory (June 18): woolly beech aphid observed on copper beech
at Baltimore.



ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galeresella xanthomelaena Schr.)

Idaho. R. W. Haegele (June 19): Infestati6n considerably reduced from outbreak numbers of 1934. Eggs hatching by June 10.

California. H. J. Ryan (July l): The elm leaf beetle has been found for the
first time in Los Angeles County infesting a planting of 14 cork elms and
2- American elms on a ranch about 12 miles from the northern boundary of the county. This is in all probability an extension of the infestations which
have occurred for some years in the vicinity of Bakersfield, Kern County.
On June 27 approxi ately 30 percent of the leaves on the cork elms showed
injury and larvae were quite numerous A considerable number of larvae







261.


and pupae -rere found on the soil at the base of the tree. Adults and fresh egg clusters were rare. According to the ranch foreman, damage
was first noted in the summer of 1934 when the cork elms were almost
entirely defoliated.
Kern County Agr. Comm. Monthly News Bull. (June 4): We are spraying shade trees for the elm leaf beetle.

LESSER EIROPEAN BARK BEETLE (Scolytus multistriatus Marsh.)

Ner Jersey. F. M. Wadley (June 10): Found at Belleville and Parsippany.

A BARK BEETLE (Hylurgopinus rufi-es Bich.)

Connecticut. B. J. Kaston (June): Adult beetles abundant in Torrington,
Riverton, and Winsted, where most of them have entered relatively live
branches to breed, starting about June 5. Somewhat less abundant in the vicinity of New Haven, where they started breeding tunnels about June 12.

LIME-TREE LOOPER (Erannis tiliaria Harr.)

Connecticut. 14. F. Zappe (June 18): Elm trees in Salisbury and Lakeville
villages partially defoliated. Larvae present on practically all trees
in woods in Salisbury and Canaan.

EK.'o LEAF APHID (Tuberculatus ulmifolii Monell)

Ne1T York. R. E. Horsey (June 20): A few elm leaf aphids fouhd on American
elm at Rochester on June 19. Said to be sometimes numerous in summer
but I have never noticed serious injury.

Nebraska. H. H. Swenk (June 14): The elm aphid was reported attacking elms
in Gage County the second week in June.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (June 27): Elm leaf aphids have been very abundant in
the State this season. The ladybeetles and their larvae have been
responsible for getting this pest under control.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): A very severe outbreak of the elm leaf
aphid. Aphids were so numerous that they caused the elms to shed many
leaves that were not curled or discolored.

WOOLLY ELM APHID (Eriosoma americana Riley)

llanrland. E. N. Corj (June 9): Woolly aphid found attacking elm at Laurel.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (June 25): We have received many samples of elm leaves
badly infested with the woolly aphid# This pest is more injurious than
I have ever seen it on elms ana is generally distributed.





262


EUROPEAN EM SCALE (Gossyparia souria Mod.)

Nerw York. R. E. Horsey (June 20): A considerable amount of European elm
scale on seedling American elms, 20 feet tall. A common pest in and
near Rochester, when not kept under control by proper spraying.

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 10): Imported elm scale attacking elm at
Baltimore.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (June 25): The European elm scale was reported as
destructive to elms at Fort Wayne on May 29.

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 15): Many complaints have been received this year.
Serious damage to elms set for shade and ornamental purposes is quite
common. The young scales have not yet appeared in northern Ohio.

EUROPEAN FRUIT LECANIOR (Lecanium corni Bouchg)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 20): A few European fruit lecania on American
elm seedlings at Rochester.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): The European fruit lecanium hatched in
great numbers late in May and most of the crawlers were located on the leaves by May 31. Indications are that this will be a serious pest of
elms in certain sections of Oklah6ma next year.

ELM LEAF MINER (Kaliosysphinga ulmi Sund.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 22): Elm leaf miner abundant on English elm at
Springvale.

New York. E. P. Felt (June 22): The elm sawfly miner has been extremely
abundant and injurious to certain Scotch elms at New-Rochelle.
R. E. Horsey (June 20)& Very noticeable on a group of seedling or
coppiee growth of American elms, trees to 20 feet tall at Rochester.
It was numerous on this group, some leaves being entirely mined.

FIR

A CURCULIONID (Cylindrocoptures sp.)

Washington. R. R. Furniss (May): A small weevil, Cylindrocopturusa-sp., was
discovered this month, causing appreciable damage to a naturally seeded, recently thinned 10-year-old stand of Douglas fir near La Grande and in open mature stands in several localities.of central-western Washington.
What apparently is the same species has' been reared by W. W. Baker from
Douglas-fir twigs taken near Puyallup.

BALSAM TWIG APHID (Iindarus abietinus Koch)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 12): The balsam twig aphid is abundant on new
growth of balsam fir at Au usta.





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MLOcK

A SPANWORM (Ellopia athasaria Walk.)

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (May): An infestation is heavy over
an area of about 10 acres. Many hemlocks were severely defoliated in
1934. Random samples of leaf mold showed a population of approximately
4 pupae per square foot. Moths began issuing on May 24 and emergence
has continued to the end of May.

JUNIPER

JUNIPER WEBWORI (Dichomeris marginellus Fab.)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 10): The juniper webworn is attacking juniper
at Halfwa,.

Ohio. J. S. Houser (June 20): Irish juniper and also some prostrate forms
of juniper at Strongville and Aehland are seriously damaged. Reports
of damage are becoming more plentiful from year to year.

LARCH

LARCH QASE BEARER (Coleonhora laricella Hbn.)

General. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): Severe infestations persist in
stands of both the American and the European larch throughout New
England and northern New York. Almost complete browning of the foliage, caused by the feeding, was noted in many localities in New York, Vermont,
New Hampshire, Maine,and Massachusetts. In a plantation of European
larch at Woodstoc:, Conn., from 25 to 50 percent of the foliage was
browned.

Maine. H. 3. Peirson (June 22): The larch case bearer is very abundant
generally throughout central and southern Maine. Trees are nearly
totally browned.

"Yermont. H. L. Bailey (June 24): The larch case bearer is more abundant
than ,,as anticipated last month. Every larch throughout wide areas is
completely browned.

Connecticut. M. P. Zappe (June 19): This insect has been abundant for
several years. This year hardly a tree in Litchfield County has escaped
severe iury. Many trees are entirely brown but a few still have a
little green foliage. Observed in Salisbury, Canaan, and Norfolk.

LOCUST

LOCUST LEAF MI'ER (ChalePus dorsalis Thunb.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): The locust leaf minor was reported as
causing serious damage to young black locust plantings at Grenada and
Carrollton on June 14.






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MAPLE

WOOLLY ALDER APHID (Procithilus tessellatus Fitch)

New York. C. R. Crosby (May 16): Specimens received from 2inghamton, where
they were attacking alder.
Maryland. E. Y. Cory (June 21): Alder blight anhid attacking maDle at
Prince Frederick.

NORWAY MAPLE APHID (Periphyllus lyropictus Kess.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June 20): Moderate infestation on Norway male
at Frederica reported; specimen submitted.

MAPLE BLADDERGALL (Phylocqotes quadripes Shim.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (June 24): The bladder maple gall is unusually
abundant in Washington County.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (June 24): Attacking silver maple at Clinton,
Devon, Windsor, West Hartford, and Pomfret; normal abundance.

Maryland. E. i. Cory (May 22): Bladder male gall attacking maple leaves
at 3altimore.

OAK

A GALL WASP (Neuroterus irregularis 0. S.)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 22): The gall wasp 2. irregularis developed
in immense numbers on several swamp white oaks at Greenwich. The infestation was so severe that practically three-fourths of the normal leaf tissue was transformed into galls and a small branch was almost
as heavy as a similar a-nle branch fairly loaded with fruit.

PINE

EUROPEAN PINE SHOOT MOTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 20): A slight infestation on mugho pine was
described to me on June 15. I visited these pines recently and failed
to find any caterpillars. In 1932 severe infestations on young pines in widely separated areas in western New York were reported but I have
heard of none lately.

New Jersey. F. A. Soraci (June 24): Adults of the European pine shoot
moth were observed on red pine at Trenton as early as June 3.





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PINE LEAF MINER (Paralechia pinifoliella Chamb.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (June 22): Rather heavy infestation of nines on
May 25 at Bar Harbor. Abundant in foliage of nitch oine at Berwick
on June 16g.

New England States. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): Severe infestations
were noted this month in stands of pitch nine at Brimfield and Natick,
Mass., between Glen Falls and Lake George, N. Y., and at Wells and
Kennebunk, Maine.

SOUTHERN PINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm.)

Mississip'i. H. Gladney (June 19): A small infestation of the southern
nine beetle is occurring near Ocean Springs.

PINE BARK APHID (Pineus strobi Htg.)

Maine. H. 3. Peirson (June 22): Pine bark achid abundant throughout a
50-acre plantation of white and Scotch pine at Brookbay.

SPRUCE

SPRUCE GALL APHID (Chermes abietis L.)

New York. R. E. Horsey (June 20): A considerable number of galls caused
by this insect found on Norway and white spruce. Most of the galls are green and still growing, but I was surprised to find that a few
galls on Norway snruce were cracking open and the adults emerging on June 19. This aphid at times is a serious pest in Rochester. A few
galls were also found on Colorado blue spruce, caused by this or a
related insect.

A SAWFLY (Neodiprion dyari Rohw.)

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 24): During the first 3 weeks
in June the larvae were very noticeable on pitch pine in many localities through eastern Massachusetts.

WHITE SPRUCE SAWFLY (Neodivrion polytomum Htg.)

Maine. 8. B. Petrson (June 22): One adult of the white spruce sawfly was
taken at Saw Harbor on June 3.

SPUCE3 LEAF MUINER (Recurvaria piceaella Kearf.)

Ohio. E. 7', fen .enhall (June 14)t The spruce leaf miner is quite common
in prtiate plaatings of blue and Norway spruce and Douglas fir in
Urbana








SWEETSAY

A WEEVIL (Prionomerus calceatus Say) Connecticut. E. P. Felt (June 22): Sweetbay leaves were sent in accompanied b,, a statement that this weevil had been feeding on the foliage.
This insect is a well-known miner of the related sassafras and tulip
tree.

WILLOW

EUROPEAN WILLOW BEETLE (Plagiodera versicolora Laich.)

Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 25): The imported willow leaf
beetle is abundant on willow in suburban towns around Boston. Adults
of the first brood are now issuing.

A SPITTLE BUG (Aphrophora salicis DeG.) Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (June 25): This importee-spittle insect is quite abundant on willow in the suburban towns around Boston.


INSECTS AFFECTING GREENHOUSE

AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

STRAWBERRY ROOT WEEVIL (Brachyrhynus ovatus L.)

Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (June 21): Adults of the strawberry root weevil
were taken from Duluth, Saint Paul, and Minneapolis. A few good-sized
evergreens have been injured by grubs.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Strawberry root weevils have killed
third-year strawberries in spots at Hobble Creek, Springville, and
Springdale.

GARDEN SPRINGTAIL (Bourletiella hortensas Pitch)

Maine. H. 3. Person (June 10): The garden springtail is very abundant
at Bar Harbor.

CHRYSANTHEMUM

GERYSANTMUM GALL MIDGE' (Diarthronomyia hyp gaea Loew)

Mississippi. C. Lylb (June 22): Tne chrysanthemum midge was found on a
few plants at Meridian on June 21.. This insect is not widely diltributed in Mississippi.





267


IVY

MAGNOLIA SCALE (Neolecanium cornuparvum Thro)

iTe'7 York. E. P. Felt (June 22): Magnolia scale was found breeding in
large nmbers on Boston ivy at Mamaroneck:.

A FULGORID (Ormenis septentrionalis Spin.)

Alabama. J. !1. Robinson (June 20): The lantern fly was reported as very
abundant on English ivy at Union Springs in Bullock County.

PHLOX

PHLOX PLAVT BUG (L0oidea davisi Knight)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (June 22): The phlox plant bug has been reported
attacking phlox at Hyattsville.

ROSE

ROSE APHID (acrosiphum rose L.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenh (June 15): The rose aphid was reported attacking
rose bushes during the period May 20 to June 15.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 7): Aphids are injuring roses in many parts
of northern Utah.

SPINY ROSE GALL (Rhodites bicolor Harr.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 14): The spiny rose gall was reported present
on rose bushes in Douglas County on May 26.

ROSE CURCULIO (Rbynchites bicolor Fab.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Rose curculio injury to rose buds was
observed at Joseph, Logan, and Brigham.

ROSE SAWFLY (Caliroa aethiops Fab.) Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (June 19): Many reports of sawflies attacking
rose leaves in all parts of the State. Abundance about the same as
last year, but 50 percent increase as compared with last month's
reports.

SNOWBALL

SNOWBALL APHID (Aphis viburnicola Gill.)

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): American varieties of snowball
growing throughout the State are heavily infested with aphids this year.





268


North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 1g): Snowball apohids are abundant in
Fargo and vicinity.

Yebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 15): The snowball aphid was reported attacking snowball bushes during the period May 20 to June 15.


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND

DO MESTIC ANIMALS

MAN

BLACK WIDOW SPIDER (Latrodectus mactans Fab.)

South Carolina. F. Sherman and W. C. Nettles (June 21): Specimens have
been received from various localities.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): On account of much newspaper publicity
great interest has been sho-n in the black widow spider arid dozens of
letters regarding it have been received.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (June 17): Reports of black widow spiders in abundance have been received from Washington County.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (June): One female was collected on February 15;
oviposition, March 17, 20, 23; egg hatching, May 17, 27, an June 3
at Corvallis. Laboratory observations.

AME1RICAN DOG TICK (Dermacentor variabilis Say)

Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (June 20): Wood ticks apparently much more
abundant in the wooCs of the State than for several summers. Crews
of workmen in the white pine stands report considerable annoyance from
them.

PAJAROELLO (Ornithodoros coriaceus Koch)

California. C. S. Robinson (July 5): This species of tick is causing considerable annoyance and discomfort to campers and field men in the
Santa Barbara National Forest. These ticks are commonly found under
trees and places where horses and cattle congregate, and people should
avoid sleeping or resting in such places.

CATTLE

SCREW WORMS (Cochliomyia spp.)

General. F. C. Bishopp (July 5): The heavy rains and the resulting humidit, in certain sections of western Texas during June have created very
favorable conditions for the breeding of an enormous number of screw
worm flies. Reports from field stations in this area state that ranchmen





2()9


face the most severe outbreak in a number of years. Hail storms and
floods have killed large numbers of livestock and wild animals, therefore the population of the secondary screw worm fly (C. macellaria Fab.)
has been increased enormously. In addition to injuring livestock by
infesting wounds initiated by the primary screw worm fly (Q. americana
Cushing and Patton), C. macellaria has attacked the fleece of many sheep
whose wool has become sour or foul as the result of being kept wet
by continued rains. In Georgia screw worm cases have been reported from
110 counties but the number of cases in any one county is not large,
140, reported from Thomas county, being the maximum number. As it was
not possible to examine all the cases, the species of fly causing the trouble w&s not determined. Twenty cases attributed to screw worms were repoorted from 10 counties in South Carolina for the week ending June 22.
Specimens of larvae were not obtained in these cases and the species
involved was not determined. In Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama the
infestations are comparatively few. Records obtained from Jefferson
Davis and Calcasieu Parishes, La., report 77 cases for the week ending
June 22; however, it has been determined that some of these infestations
were due to Phormia regina Meig. For the same period 36 counties in Mississippi reported 116 cases, anc'. in Alabama S9 cases were re-)orted
from 35 counties. The most severe outbreak of screw worms in the Southeast is in Florida. The number of cases is rapidly increasing and the
flies are spreading to new localities. The heaviest infestations occur in the central counties. The total number of infestE'tions in the State
has been reported as 23,000, with Sumter County having 2,500, the maxirmum number for any one county.

HORSE

HORSE FLIES (Tabanus spp.)

Delaware. A. Stearns (June 19): An abundance of t. daeckei Hine is causing great annoyance to livestock along the coast.

Missouri. L. Haseman (June 26): During the latter half of June there has
been a real outbreak in central Missouri of one species of horse fly
annoying cattle and horsesmand even attacking man.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): Two species of horse flies are unusually
abundant. They are T. eanall Hine, an evening flier, and T. erythraeus
Hine, a species active during the day.

BUFFALO GNATS (Eusimulium app.)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (June 23): During the latter part of May reports
from Valley City, in Barnes County, indicated that buffalo gnats were
very abundant in pastures and were causing much disturbance among cattle.

Iowa. C. J., Drais (June 24): The black fly (E. occidental Towns. ) was
quite common in northwestern Iowa this spring. In one of the State
parks in Sioux County it was impossible for men or horses to remain in
the park during the peak of the emergence period. Farmers in the





271


vicXnit-, of the parh reported that they lost many chickens from the
bites of flies.

SHEEP

BLACK BLOWFLY (Phormia regina Meig.)

Tea:s. F. C. Bishopp (July 5): The wool maggot fly has been unusually abundant this season and has caused much trouble to ranchmen.


HO USEH OLD AID STO RED PR 0 DU 0 CTS INSECTS

TERMITES (Reticulitermes spp.)

Connecticut. T. Turner (June 224): Twenty-seven infested buildirzs were examined during the past month.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (June): Serious damage to a dwelling examined at
Newark on June 14.

Maryland. E. 1T. Cory (June 22): The number of calls received in regard to
termites in widely scattered portions of the State is increasing. The
entire basement floor of a church in Brunswick had to be replaced on
account of the activities of R. flavipes Koll.

Tennessee. G. 1. Bentley (June 19): From observations and reports, termites are becoming more abundant each year in all parts of Tennessee.

ebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 14): R. tibialis Bks. was reported to be infesting residences in Nance, Douglas, Seward, and Clay Counties.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (June 24): A large number of reports have been received of termite damage, mostly from the central part of the State.

ANTS (Formicidae)

Virginia. H. Ga Walker (June 25): Ants rather seriously injured several
fields of eggplants near Norfolk by eating off the roots and barking
the stems just below the surface of the ground.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (June 22): Many complaints have been received during
the month. Most of them are in regard to the fire ants Solenopsis
xyloni McCooh in flower and vegetable gardens.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (June 15): Ants in lawns have been very troublesome
during the entire period from May 20 to June 15, but especially during
the second week in June. The carpenter ant (Camponotus herculeanus
pennsylvanicus DeG.) was reported on May 21 as working in two porches
in Nance County.






271


Kansas. H. P. B3ryson (June 27): The kafir ant (S. molesta Say) was reportedC to be causing injury to seed corn at Manhattan.

LEAD CABLE BORER (Scobicia declivis Lec.)

California. C. K. Fisher (June 14): The lead cable borer has been observed
boring into wine barrels in a Fresno winery since about May 21. In
1934 the damage from this species began about April 26.

CERAMYCIDS (Callidium spp.)

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (June 24): At Winsted C. violaceum L. and C
antennatum Newm. severely attacked white pine lumber that had bark on
the edges. Kymenopterous parasites were abundant this month. Adult
beetles were very; abundant the first part of June.





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