THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
Volume 15 June 1, 1935 Number 4
ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
Digitized by the Internet Archive
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--------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEE TKPC7 2 REC&RIS FOR I/ Y 1--13-1
Diiri--g the third vieoh: i-,j 7, ay grraF7 hcy.- )er eCC!s started hatchinS in Wisc onsi-.Ll, Eiim .icsota, and Mbou tilc middle of the month vast s 7armS
ol the ,:,,, Lasoct- werc invadin_-, So,,--thern a -nare-itl.- r f-11 ing in from Guatomala.
Clat,.-=m daina ,o i ; reported a-, gone rally severe over a larb-C part of the co-um'r-v seve2c, dana -,e beinE rp-ported from the Great Basin and from California.
Armv--or-_,i fr,,1lr)-,7ir.Z hcavy -fliChts olf moth,:,,, are rc.,.l)crtcd
from VirCi-iai?, India-_a,- ., and Illi:ini ; ,-7e,t-,-iard to 1Tcb-as'-a and--Q klahcma.
i ts 1 avc beer.
Control mrt'h( ds f'k--) -Ghe i protection r -F, crops from these insccu foiiI-Ild rnccss xy in parts, of California.
Heavy infc7 station of Zr -poc by tho -,71,itc-linr d rnp1iinx are r(_ pcrtcd from sov,: ral pcintn in central Californi ...
A vei:;- mi6,ratior. n3' Chc painto,11 lady buttc---fly attracted considera bl at- en( ,io-a i-i Col-)_.E d and Uta7-i. Tne motho, moving, in a generally s-,fbs ,quc.ntly rcp, rtod in Idaho.
)iort,T7&.-d dL:-_c-'Qir)-,, L
Hea-y dof liati ,n of nany kinds o--.' ti-ce- Ju-nc beetles occurred in
the !Torth aa,,l So-11-LU1.). Atlantic Stctc 7. tr. 1,innr sota. and Kansas.
Ovrr Chc frcm 1--diana ,-iof tviara to 14IT Marl and 01--lahcma tho
hc s -_iai-i f 1,y- .& 10 i 1-1 WD 1:710re3
O'A27,C11 irf;7 tfltiOns wor- rrportedl. thro-.:Ighout the East Cc-itral stat( 3 t") Io-.!'o., 01-lahorra.
of aliall' a an." --Ant..7 r )(,as b 7 tho pea aphid arc reported from lflississipDi aad. a--u! ,aotxrrd to 17ovada _,nd the Pacific NorthThr, alfalfa weevil has bpei f-und in t,.7o now localit-ios iii California tmd nne n; 7 locality in 17ovada. '1.n California the population is, very lovi.
'J 2SprinC-brc(-,d moths of thn codlir ; mcth werc ro7,-rted thr first
in 1,1ay from Dnlavaro, a-nd t.ae secon week in Ma ;- frrm Pe..ns-,lvaria. During
-Uh(, third -7 'qh Of the MOn-61-1 MCthF 7)mcr,-in ; in Ohio. In scut er) Indiana and Illinois thry staite(l. emercin,-, the first -,76ek in EX 7. In pcpulationz! v7crc largp,
Thc, na.Itern t ,nt caterpillar caused dcfoliation of' wild c'_I _rrio. a.,10, in scmo instances, Of prles throughout the Eiir .land and Middlc Atlantic States and ,7ost-,-7,-,rd to C i KontuclW, and Tenziossec.
Fruit aphids a-re .-ene rally scarce in the 'T(,,-7 England and Middle Atlantic State -.
The plum curculio is from 2 to 3 7CCICS ,arlicr than last yc r in tho peach brlt o' Gcor,,,ia, an I appe,-.,,rs. V,-) br,, generally abundant alrn- the Atlantic sp aboard, indicating tha-"- -7ill probably bc ccnsiderablc damage latcr in the sea! on. In 1-hp. dro-w-'it area of last ycar i1i the Central States this insect is im-uslaally scarc,'- .
The change, or Puci-to Pican ncln cricket, has bcc-n a serious pest for the first timc in tobacco seed bods i--,i !Tortll. Carolina this sprinG.
Latp in April and early in Me: ican bcan beetle adults -ere obsorved in tho fiel'.1 from Earylaad ar.l Vircinia, -.7cst-7,-rd to Ohio.
The -number of boll weevils th,-11- siiccosS:7-_-Ll'_y passed the 7intcl- in
llibcrnation cages is sr-allor than it has boen JI"or the past fo-,-7 ycars in Loui-_iana and, Ohlahoma; on other ha.id, To-_ :as reports the heaviest
cmor[,-)ncc that has Occurred rhuxin tlio nast 10 t,,oa-Zs.
The hoavioot nmcrg-,rco of cotton floa hopp -i, from -,7ccd- recorded durin. the past 10 years -7as re-portca from Tex,-.r, t,.-Lis month.
ConsiderablP dmal;-c to cotton by the beat arn r:iorm is. reported frem Tcxan, Arizona, an,,!, southern Califor-,iia.
Gypsy moth r,[- 'k; V.
.gs started '_aatchine, caxlic7 this yeax than last
Thn (" lm Ir,a-." b(,r-,tlc appare,,vLly passed t:ie --,,i-:kt'cr succcssfially in 1,ir.7 Engrl a 1-1d.
The larch caco boaror infestation, .7hic.1l has been 1Lidcr ill INT07 England and llcw York in the past is apparently r porsistinj,
TI'W scrr-.7 --rorm. is trout ,hout Florida and Texas.
In on(,,% count in Florida 1,,")00 c ,,f-os ',iavr', broni ropf- rte i,
L -1 ")T F :1 E R A L 7 2 E D 2 11 S
CR-ASSHCPPn- S (Acrilidae)
7isconvin. 7. L. Charibers (Ewy 21): Melanoplus mexicanus Sauss. ancl
Cnrtinula Sc-.0-1. rere observed h,-'V-chini; in li-zlit san-1 areas in
ri-e"e r nC. Oconto Counties. 2eg pod examined at various noilits in
t1ib J.nfestc. coi-nti-i7 inO.-icate tnJ a f('.r, r;ere destroyed dur'n the
R7v ;n1,7 2- exe jilst beginning to
1 'innesota. 1- T. _- z,-0,es Grassho
hat c7a. _kbandant onl-- in neglecteCL -places.
Yorth !)azota. J. A. 1 runro (1,_',n-7r 21" No hatching of Eras slaop-oe r s as yet.
Hatching d.elaycd. 'by cool s-oring-.
Mo-ntana. J. R. Parker (Anri1): Ir. ",!rch +lar,-,e qlaantit-ies of eggs of C.
-Pelluclda) 1""'s an MI. rre:;icarus were Ju- from, the ground
in S 7eclt *%^7r-,-s Count-.- i--_1 scati-c. nntrall and broufnt to the laboratorlr to real-, grasshoppel-s for bait experiments. YeaTly a 100--percent
haf,&, Tas obtained w'iienever taese ei-"-,s Tere hclC1 at a ter.,l-Perature of
90 F. fir P, perioO. of IC days.
,,yoming. C. L. Corkins Way 25): Siimr-er species of grasshoppers started
hatc'-L4-.-Lg Vais following clel-r, warm, 77eatner, Y!Iiich 7-as preceded
by ny,+(--h rein and cnioT. in Yay. A11'. indications are that t1ie infestations
will be !,,bout as predicted. last fall. "llis mesns t1int Te shall spread
about 10,000,CO", poun6z of 7rass.io-p:)er bait this sur--iner.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton ('V'1a-- 1"): 71_r5it-i-nstar anO second-inst- r grasshon-pers
have been generall- p:.-ese-nt in -ro-1thern Ut L.,'.Ll -for 10 days or longer .
1417m ofts a,,e mod_ ratel-,r ebu-nlart t*-iroughout nortl-.-ern Utaa. Slight damage
to raspbe=7 le,7ves w!: ,s observed. in nortl- Ogde-.a.
Calif ornin'. C 0 '"i -' r 7): -or 71e grassho-p-per situation was. of first
in Sar O"bis-c)o Cou.it ?- -In Anri.l. At least 5,000 acres of
70 nerc -nt Inatcli on AT)ril 23 n' t, e rei'cod. 'lc or P rassho'p-')er r)elluc -I v! i,, v,-, 1 c y r a -, s' f ') p-p, r 0 e A,- n Fna S c-o (.d. ) r e r e thT
Count,', Of yard. ran from. 10
to nlor6 t1_a"1 O.L r(,JOT)jrent ranked from first instar
t o ar_11_ 1 t i -11J_ -1 ca t i r.P, th,- t htitc, ing has nrobabl7, been continuous sirce
the la+tcr of n-%-m.-,?hs were in tile first, second,
nnd t,. va in! tars. 2, Asoni-.'ig o-)er,, _,ttors wei-e in progress a-d it was
estimated that -fror.-, 7 11 1
to 4,000 man-days will be required to control the g-ra.qsh1op-k)ers L. t1ils courty.
1;'iexico. 7-araer, U-rquhart, Cia. La Zacualpa, S. C. P. P1. (Voy 14):
Tie ,re at -present being invade,! b-,,, a vast sv ,Iarm of locusts flying in
from Guatoin.-Ia nnd Central 2imerica. Last year swarming occurred, but on
a smaller scale. So far we have succeeded ir. keeninr the locusts in
movement by ma'kcing plent- of noise. The real test will coTre 7hen t'--i e
ho-oners hatca out, as ,ret quantities of eggs are bDing laid ill over
the countr7r. t'i 7 e have -, v r-f lar: ,p 'tan --na T)Tart; ,tion here !Id the
honners do grcr t hpr.n to the nl nt-. Ine c-,;.sto!-, here is to drive the honrers iato ditches and t,,jrla fl,14e Viro,,*ero o--ito the !rzssed. honners.
(Deterr- ined as : cnistnce-ca from notes in files of
t1ie Insect Pest Surve-Z)
11CMfO'',,T CRICKET (-1-r-abrus sirrDlex Hald.
,y orm i no C. L. Cor' -ins 2 -): ,.*ornon cricllets are anne, rinF in great
numb e r In Shori,lan Count-7 tliere are 20,000 acres of hatci*in -- beds
Johnso,, Count77 about 11,000, Converse Count,,- 15,000, Croo7--- 1,oun,,
an ', Vhere are milder i,,fest7,tio-.-s in 'WasnaCie, Park, Lincoln, '.ftot
Springs, and Teton Counties.
CUTWO-M S (Yo--tuidae)
Vermont. H. L'. Biley )'): Cutworms, Er-'ig unicolor Walk. -,7ere
unusuallv abun, ,2nt an i7ere darnpgi.lig gardens ne r on '!.av 20.
Virginia. H. G. Ual-7-er (Irev 25): CUtWOrme have been re--)orted Ls being very
abundant t and injurious in sor,ie cornfields near 1,T,,-)rfolk.
Ohio. T'. H. Park-s 25): Less th?,n the usual -1,11-Imber of ra orts h,-,.ve
beer received this month. Climbing cut orms T7ere reported to be devouring t--'Ic buds an0- foli;7ige of apples and grp,-pes i2, north eastern counties
in !. ay.
J. Landis 1): Cut-,7orms arc, doin-- so7,,e damage to earl-7
cabbage at IC;olumbus,
Indiana. J. J. Davis (Yay 25): Cut, -,orms were reported as damaging, ; sweetclover Pt Greenfield on i.,?Y 21. A feT 7 other sectio,..s reported c--itworms
as abun jant, but no records rere received of crons being attac1 7eJIL.
! Uchi- SneCieS Of CliMbi2l, cutworms are
R. Hutson (May 20): Various
quite numerous around Fartford.
17isconsi.n. 2. L. Chambers O.'a-- (21): Earl7r to-n,--to -,.nd cabbage nlpnts in the
Mil, 7au!-.Pe an Racine truc,.-fpr-n areas vere renorteO. to be slightl-!- damaged
lorri. C. J. Drake (Yay 2- ): C,,At,7orms are unusupli, abun ant in gardens and
cornfields. Infestations secT, to be quite genorpl iii the State.
Tennessee. G. M. Rcrtle7 ( ,Iay 22): are occurring in unusual nur.berc t1liro-uphol)t tho St ,te.
ITeb ra s'm 11". H. Swenk PO): Cut,7or-t-rs were re,)orted fro7 Antelope, 2ro7n,
Webster, ,.nd Yiem.aha Coiinties fr,,)!r to 1C. Alfilfn and 7hent 7ere
the c1alef crons affectol. 'Tirnero-aq, inquiries concerning ; tlie control of
cutxworms in gardens have also been received from Lancaster County.
Kansas. H. H. 7alkden (M a,. 25): Aduilts of' Chori~agrotis auxiliaris Grote
were first taken at lights on Anril 16 at 1Ma-nhattan and Hays, and at
Garden City on Arril lF. Since May i1 this snecies has predominated in
the catcns at Garden City. Only one specimen vas taken at Cherryvale
up to May 20. Scoto~zrarr_ -a t 'rifolii Rott. predominated in cetuidae
taken at the tran iigsduring thie f irst 3 weel,.-s of M.ay, the heaviest
flight occurring from 1.ay 1 to 10. ThAe adults were taken in greatest numbers at the Garden City light. Larvae were tal.ken on lambsquarters
on !,ay 20 at Manhattan.
Arkansas. ,D. Isely (May 242): There has been an outbreak of the variegated
cut,.7orm (Lvconhboi-ia marpqritosa saucia h-bn.), originating in bur-clover
and al> "a and nmovi-, t-- o jvi cro-os in luee and Saint Francis Cou ties.
This cu.tiorm is also akidLa-nt in northve stern Arka-nsas.
Ida ho. R. VJ. Haegee(ay1: Thr asbe severe outbreak of climbing
cutijorms throughout the fruit district of south estern Id~aho this boring.
The feeding started Aaoril 15 and damage is still being renorted from
Utah. C. J. Sorenson (My20): Anl undetermined s-pecies of cutworms observed
in alfalf--:a fields at Pa rk Valley. Climbing cutworms reported avta cki ng peach 'buds at So;;th Prig'laam. Porosazrotis orthogonia Morr. observed in
dry-farm fall1 heat at Cedar ValleT, Utah County.
G. F. Xno-,7lton (M ay 114): Cutwiormrs destroyed three-fourths of the
tomato -Plants in a 1-acre planting Pt Roy, Webster County, within 214
hours aft t y had been. 2et out. D a,,,e has also been reported from
Kelton B- 3"hnra. Clitwo-roas destroyed an entire pla~nting of carrots and
cut off ne.rl7 half the youn- tomato plants set out on one farm at Orem.
Serious daaeto corn; tomatoes, and alfalfa was rerorted from Butlerville.
Cal.ifornia. J, 2--an (A-n-cil 25)-: A smnal. larva, tentatively identified as
the 0:r _),I~~ (.mrrtoaii) has boon found killing
buds on~:r~~ in the An,- elo-oe alc.The inf cstat ions apnear to be
general b-u-. not haeavy,,.
A. F. Hx;Thx~ (A~ril: 1. m ratosa, saucia is renlort(,dasvr a'bun,4rzj at H-m i ,oiLts, Santa Ana, OranFwr County, where it is attacking
tovmtocs. i)zao ;!A~oat r)0 percent, a count yielding from 12 to 25
cutvwor!m:s per -Plant. The worms are feeding on t~ie foliage of the -plants,
which are from 6 to P! inches high.
J. C. Elmnore (May): Tlae variegated cutworms are damaging gTladiolus
buds at Alhaambra. They are boring into the loncz spikes, thus low-,ering
the quality or destroying the flower spikes. About 30 percent of the
heads are damaged.
ARMY\7CR (CirThis uniLlncta Her.)
Virginia. H. G. 17alker (May 25): Several wea t fields in the ITorfolk area
are heavily infested v;ith armn-orms. There are at least two species of hymenopterous parasites and one dipterous parasite, thie latter being especiallr abundant.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 25): The armyworm moths have been common at
lights at La Fayette and elsewhere for the past month or more.
Illinois. W. P. Flint (Iay 20): There have been several very7 heavv, flights
of armyworm moths during the past 3 weeks. Ten light traps on the University Farm caught from 20 to 1,000 moths per night during the period
from M ay 1 to 20. On several nights the numbers exceeded 500. Examination of a number of specimens taken at random from these catches showed
4h percent gravid females.
Missouri. L. Haseman (May 22): Severe outbreaks of armyworms two-thirds
grown were reported from the southeastern part of the State on May 18.
Moths are quite abundant at Columbia.
Kansas. H. H. Walkden (May 25): A moderately heavy flight of adult armyworms occurred at Manhattan and Cherryvale lights during the first 3
weeks of May.
Nebraska. H. H. Walkden (May 25): Only a few specimens of armyorms were
noted at Lincoln at the light trap.
Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (May 22): A species of arm7orm is rencrted to be
abundant in wheat fields in the northeastern section of the State. (Pet.
by C. Heinrich as C. unin-incta.)
California. Kern County Agr. Comm. (May 3): The first brood of armyworms
is appearing and ditches have been thrown up around several vegetable
B~ET WEBWORM (Loxostege sticticalis L.)
Kansas. H. H. Walkdon (M',y 25): Heavw flights of adults were noted at
light traps as follows: At Ma' ttan on May 1 to 11; at Hays on May 7
and g; and at Garden City on May 6. No flights were noted at Cherryvale.
The greatest numbers were taken at Manhattan.
Nebraska. H. H. Walkden (May 25): No heavy flights of this species occurred
WHITE-LINIED SPHIla (Srhinx lineata Fab.)
California. S. Lockwood (May 2h): In Mndera, Fresno, talare, Eings, and
Kern Counties arapevines have been severely defoliated in rather small
local areas by larvae of two snhinx moths, Pholus achemon Drury and S.
lineata. The larvae are almost mature and are going into the ground.
This, coupled with rather drastic control measures carried out by growers,
is relieving the situation.
D. F. Barnes (May 20): The white-lined sohinx moth is plentiful
locally. In many oniaces in the San Joaquin Valley the larvae of the
first generation have entered vineyards from wild host plants and are
causing serious defoliation. In some localities the achemon sphinx
(P. achemon) is also reported as causing damage.
PAINTED LADY (Cynthia cardui L.)
Colorado. G. M. List (May 23): On May 10 the painted lady butterfly anpeared
in large numloers in a number of localities in the State. Many reports came in of their abundance oi fruit blossoms. Rainy weather during the nast week has reduced their activity, but whenever the sun appears they
are out in numbers.
Idaho. C. R. Wakeland (Ma 31): This butterfly has been reported to be quite
numerous in Teton County but is only fairly numerous non. I have noted them in flight as far north as Dubois. I think that this is the species
that defoliated some of the native shrubs in the vicinity of Sandpoint
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (May 20): igrations of the painted lady butterfly were
observed on numerous occasions during the first 3 weeks of May and even
earlier. Inquiries concerning it and reports of its movements have been
received from ProvD, Ogden, Richfield, Eureka, and Garland. NIorthward
and westward movements of large numbers of the adults have been observed
in various parus of Box Elaer, Weber, Davis, and Salt Lake Counties.
MOT~RCH BUTTERFLY (Danaus meninge Hbn.)
District of Columbia. J. A. HysloD (May 10): Saw an adult in flight in the
streets of Jashington today.
Florida. H. '. Fernald (May 20): ".onarch butterflies apneared at Orlando
about Iovember 3, lc3b', and soon became abundant. They did not anDear to be much faded or battered. On November 13 they were still in a migrating body 20 miles west of Brooksville where they were feedin,- on the staminate flowers of groundselbush (Baccharis halimifolia). Though cold
weather--down to 200 F. or even lower--came on December 12 and 13, the
butterflies were frequently seen during last December and Janu ry at Orlando and on the east coast, but during February and March almost none
were seen. On Anril 1 I found several near Saint Johns River and caught
three, all of which proved to be males. They were of normal size and
fresh. Other observers also saw them just about this time. All captured
C,=;,,G2 PTTiT "Y (":'ieris monustp L.
Flor i a. J. R. Watson (.. a,% 21): The native tutterfiip_ 7,,er, very
abundant the mc-It-n. Alo,-, the easte-n cc ist the-- collected in
larcp s7l'arms which attracted the a-'k-.te-ation of motorists. _-Frcrr Titusville
south the migration 7 s southward alon, : the coast. Frcrn Jacksonvi Ile
th07 are reported to be movi. ; northward.
H. T. Fernal-l (' al, PO):Cn Loril 22 a distinct direction, of flight
through the cit-7 o-F Orlando to the southwest was observed. The fliz-1^t,
beEa.n about Arril 10 anA continued until abo,.lt the 2 ,th.
WHITE GRUPS (F-yllo-oha 7a s-op.
llar- ,land. J. A. H-7slo-n (A,)ril 27): Tae first adults of the season were
collected at a light on m,-,7 farm at Lvenel, near Silver Snring, on Anril
2-. The fli ;ht 77as so heav-;- as to interfere a. motion-ricture oerformance in Silver ST)rirg. The follovrin,,_ s-necies v!ere collected: F.
f ervida 'ab. 7 males anO. 0) fe:nales; P. f -sc,- 7roel. I male an,! I
f em e ; P f ra; t e r na r r 4 males; and P. tristis F2' 11 males. ('CtWest Virainia. 'F. Craig (1 .a-,, 29): June bugs have beer, reported as damaging
the leaycs of t1le oak trees in the vicinit-7 of Le-isbur,, 7.p had an outbrea',c of t]-is insect in "Treenbrier VAllp7r last year.
Virginia. R. A. St. Georl,-e (','a r 10): A heavv emergence of P. fervidn adults
occurred over most of Arlin, ton County durin- t'---e last fe7 da-,s of I'nril
and tne first week of May. Cool, rainy i7eather interrunted the e-erzence of 'he beetles. Ad,,:1ts were so ab-u.ndprit or. the warmest ni ghts t1iat over 17500 specimnens were taken. in less than 2 1-iours ,7'-'-4le t iey were feeding
and matir -. 'he beetles e-erped at dusk and fed on T)riVet, 'OUSS-y Wj!107
Taole, anI Jack rose.
South Cr- ,rolina. R. A. St. Gnor L
go (7'a.v 10): Activlty T,as not noted in the vicinitv of the State Forest. 'k7ursei-y, Gecrgeto-n, S. C. until t1io first
IrpPI: in Anri'I. Ad-alts of Smitia Tere taIcen at that time. P- the
-middle of the mont--i other snpcIes s-1-4ch as I. 1-actuos- Horn, P. foster zurm. P. mic :)ns Knoc i %-;Ere tR' :en. The beetles were quite s"bundant
by the end of t-.Ie Month.
'4ich! 7an. *R. Hutson ("ri- -'3): Ma- 'n,:,ctles are annparin, : in Gr ,nd Lede e,
Ludin-.,)n, L usI E Eon, and Lake Cd e G
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (I!av 21): White rubs are ver: 7 -t,.:n nt in La
Crosse and Vernon Co-,_inties. T'llie beetles wpre verlY, ln oun .I nt ir. I-acire and
Wal%-,,orth Counties on one warm, nic_It, but cold wpatl,.er has nt:Id t iem, in
chnck later ';-'-,an usual.
i nne s o t,? A. A. Gr, novs C ,7 (Ifa r P ;, 'he ex-ne-ted of brood A i-ane toetles sorre,;.,hat delayed on (-.count of cold snrin&, but it on
with a rush. The first beetles were observed flying this year on May 1 in Houston County in southeastern Minnesota. hey began to fly en mass,on May 7. In the vicinity of Saint Paul the first beetles were observed
on May 6, although one was taken on April 26. The mass flight started
on May 10, but was interrupted by the cold weather. P. fusca is. the
major species so far. P. tristis and P. rugosa Melsh. are just beginning
Iowa. C. J. Drake (May 27): June beetles, Brood A, are just beginning to
annear in moderately large numbers.
Missouri. L. Haseman (May 22): ?ackmard weather has delayed flights of June
beetles. Only a few have come to lights at Columbia.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (May 25): The flight of May beetles began about May 1
but, owing to continued rainy weather and cool days and nights during the
first half of May, comparatively few adults have come to lights.
M. W. Sanderson (May 12): A list of the species taken thus far
this year in Douglas County, in the order of their first appearance at
lights or at host plants, includes: April 24, P. rubiginosa Lec., P.
vehemens Horn, and P. futilis Lec.; May 7, P. fervida; Iay 11, P. fraterna; May 12, P. crenulata Froel., P. hirtiventris Horn, P. crassissima Blanch.,
and P. hirticula Knoch. In addition to this list, tvo specimens each of
P. fusca and P. horni Smith have been taken from plowed ground, the former
species on April 29, the latter on March 20.
A WHITE GRUB (Ochrosidia immaculata Oliv.)
Nebraska. MH. Swernk (May 20): White grub activity in lawns of two Lancaster
County residents was reoorted on April 28 and May 13, respectively.
Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (May 28): Larvae occur at a frequency of 3 or 4 per
square foot in gardens at Urbana.
GREZIET J TE BEETLE (Cotinis nitida L.)
Tennessee. J. Milam (April): This nest has been found in two tobacco 'lant
beds and in a number of gardens, causing considerable injury.
Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (May 21): Wireworms recently collected in a
field of potatoes in Northampton were attacking seed potatoes and were badly riddling some of the seed. In some instances it was possible to
take as many as a dozen out of a single seed piece. This is the second
year that this plot has been cultivated from grass. (Pet. by J. A.
Hyslon as Limonius sp.)
South Carolina. C. F. Rainwater (Anril): Wireworms, Aeolus sp., possibly
dorsal4is Say, 7were fo-.nd eatLn.a co-tton. sped ?rnd red' cinz stands in the
vicinity of Florence.
Florida. J. W. Ingram (.A Pril 30): An unujally heavy ouftb1repak of M'el,:r-otus
sr. occurred in the sugarcane fiolds of the Lake Okceecnobtee section. 71nfostptic::,s ra-n-ed from a small amiounit of in.J~iary to a 50O-percent loss of stand, 7ith an esti-7ated avera,:e loss of ~4 percent oIf the crop. Injury was reported to 'iaxe bcgun in February, 7as at its height in M~arch, and
w1"as dimini shine in A-nril.
Tenn~essee. G. 1. Pentley (1May 22): W i rew orms occur in unusual numbr'e r s
throu-ho-ut the State.
Mississipni. C. Lyle (May 27): On Mal, 3 P. cor-es'nondert at 1zie sent to us
s-ocoimens of 1Hnristona)t,,s lahieriil Horn, w'ith a, renort that these insects
were darnag in&g the r,)otUs of youri- corn. 0:n MaY 7 a ccorresnondent at
Gunn wrote as that theyr had caused considerable damaine to cotton and corn
roots on the same niece of la7nd durin.- thei- rpst 3 years. These were the
first com-olpints rec-cived regrardin-g this c-oecies in ma~ny yenrs.
South Dakota. H. C. Severin (May 21): R-eports of dnma. _e to corn, wheat ,
barley, and. rye are beginning to arrive in cur offices in 1.uln'umbcrs. Damage reported from ,areas both east and west of the iMisscuri
-Nebrasica. M. H. S-.-enk- (May 20): Wirer7orrns were reported on Anril 27 as
having tak-en the wheat in the lo-ner and moister part of a field in
Washinrton. 1,,. C L ano and H. P. Lanchester (April 27): Ve rv ge neralI fl1i ghts
of adults of Pheletes canu1,s Leo, have occurred on warm days for 2 r-eek-s.
The emergence has been largely composed cf male beetles. Female e--ergences have increased rapidly in number d-oxing the paot few days. (May 21):
Injury by in. c~~sis heavier thEan usual e:t this scis:n. !%merous instncs f njr to overviinter1l-.:< onions have bceen renortcd, while
spririg-plar-ted. onions, lettuce, ani carrots have been severely injured.
Oregon. M. 1_3. Lanp a H. P. Lano1.ozter (A-7ril '23): A general flgh of
adults of L-rnc'-s Ar~fuscat'-is ros as observed in the truck-farming
a.,reas a] O:7~. cuba River, in rnorthE-, M ltnomah County din the
past Woek. :r'-' lyar-s' observations of the b,-etlc fliCght-s, it appears
that the infe~ta-.tior. 'by this s-occies is steadily, increasing thrcughcu.t
A C$iI1C NO UG (3lssv irtus Montd.)
Ohio. J. S. Heuser (May 17): The 'tug!s are moving about a-nd M.any are copula t in,-7 Thrir.,E the first half cf l y, a mortality esti-mated at 75 percent occurred -at Cle'velan~d. This was caused by, a fun,,,us, prbbySnorotrichum
glIo hu 1if c r-m.
CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS
WHEAT .~~D OTHER SRALL GRAINS
EESSIAN FLY (Fhytophaga destructor Say)
Indiana. W. B. Noble, HI. R. Painter, and C. M. Packard (May 17): Light to
heavy infestations of the hessian fly have been noted in both sown and
volunteer wheat near La Fayette, the snring brood now being in the larval stage, with egg laying apparently about over. In one sample of volunteer
wheat S4' percent of the stems were infested. Weather conditions this
spring have ben rather favorable to fly activity.
Illinois. C. Benton (April 27): Numbers of females were observed laying
eggs in a winter-wheat field near Sterling.
Missouri. L. Haserman (May 22): In a few of the southeastern counties early
seeding of wheat for fall and winter pasture has caused a definite building un of the hessian fly, and some fields show severe damage.
Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (May 21): The hessian fly is appearing in much
larger numbers in northeastern Oklahoma than it has for the past several
years. In some fields the infestation will run as high as 10 nercent.
CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)
New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (May 2L): Overwintering chinch bugs are reported
at Hopkinton. They are plentiful at this oint and are all of the longwinged form.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (May 25): Vie have completed a survey of chinch bugs in
volunteer timothy clumps taken at random along roadsides in 21 counties.
More bugs were found overw-ntering in such clumps than in other hibernating
places. From 40 to g0 clumps were examined in each county and the bugs
were counted in the laboratory. The following figures represent the number of adult bugs present per square foot of timothy, listed by counties:
Champaign, 7; Clark, 45; Defia-ce, 8; Erie, 15; Hancock, 67; Henry, 22;
Licking, 27; dison, 7; Marion, 2L; Medina, 75; Portage, 2; Putnam, 9; Richland, 56; sncusky, 20; Seneca, 51; Stark, 4O; Van Wert, 1F; Wayne,
54; Williams, 10; Wood, 1'n; 77yandot, 147. On May 24 practical -> none of the
bugs had. left their hibernation quarters and no records of chinch bugs in
flight had been observed. The weather has bec unusually cool for May.
Numerous rains came between May 3 and 18 but this has not promoted the
development of the fungus Snorotrichum globuliferum among the overwintering bugs in timothy clumps. We exnect a heavyr infestation this summer,
but wheat is well along and will not be seriously, damaed.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 25): The continued unfavorable wet weather and
the rank growth of small grains has, undoubtedly, m-ade the situation very
questionable. Notwithstanding tnlese unfavorable conditions, there is
reason to believe that the danger is not over br anr means and that, if
conditions fromn now on arc fpvora'ble, we may ex-.ect nienty of bugs. Perhans in mruch of the area very halyinfested in 193,th nfsato
will decree se, althcur"h it still constitutes a serious hazard. There is
reP7,on to believe that t'mere will be an increase in some of t.~e areas
lightl- infested in lq-4.
Illinois. P. Flint P:~ O): It has rained nearly every dlay during '.!a,
but this period of rainy weather has .-ot greatly red-aced the n-mnbers of
Pdu~t bugs. There are still large numbers in the smnall-grai. fields and an outbreak threatens should the weather turn dry. Because of the heav7 growLt of small grain, the bugs cannot dane ~e this crcn0 nearly so much as
they, did la st year.
Wisconsin. El. L. Chambers (M.ay,, 21): A clinch bug survey now under way has
revealed man>' overwinterinF_ buc 7s, but not as greoat r:ambers as had been
antici-nated, possibly owing to cold11, cloudy weather for the nast 2 weeks.
Iowa. C. J. Drake ( :P>' P3): About 5C nercent of the chiinch 'bugs are in small
grain and the rest are scattercl i, thie grasils.:irtonfo i
bernating quarters to small-grain. fields has been very slow and often int e rrun te 0 Unseasonpbl> cool weath er h: s interfered 7ith s-oring iiration.
The bugs are still rmigrating on warm days. 70int er mortal itv 'ras cyIi te
hi- ,h in central Ia. In some districts fa-rm-ers nre rencrtin:. considerable numbers of chninchl bug;s in small-grain fields.
IKansa s. .m : -e77 (Ma; 25): There appear to have been- three neriods this
snring, when ch.inch buigs Tere movini2- from winter quarters to feeding and
breeding fields in the vicinity of M,"anhat tan. Judg,-:n from the catch on flij_,ht screens, about one-third of the bugs were on the wjing; on IMarch 2 7 and 26. About two-thirds of thiose- remaining took Tinc-, on Anril 22 to 23,
and the remainder after thie first ree7: in May. From one to three bugs
have been found per linear foot of drill row, of wheat in fields adj i ng Androioogon mrea1ows and sorgnum stuabble. Verv few e&-7s have been. found in
1Missouri. L. Baseman (May 22): Miost of the chinch buzgs had left winter
quarters by the 10th of *,ay, but examination of wheat fielis shiow ed very
fer7 where vwe exp-ected great numbers of, May, 15. ree week of cniuu
rain hr,4s ad'nthem a definite set-bach-, so far as normal lcrpedin.: is
Oklahoma. F. A. Fcn.-tor PM~2):~ A urvey has just been comanletnd in three
of the six counties that were roost heavily infested w7it's thechnc bug last fall, and the nest is found to be sufficiently abundant in, 19 percent of the small-rrain fields to warrant barrier congtr-ction, rrovidedl
the weather turns off hiot and dry. ax~rin n:rw t Stillwter
showed the noet to be less num,,rc.as in thiAs vicinitiv, tha'n -t anr,--n in~ the last 4 veirs. Oing7 to the cool, rainy wePather thei bug hae ot yet
sta-rted the -aroduct ion of the first geners ti )n.
C. F. Stiles (May 21): Chinch bugs are showing up in moderately
large numbers in Tulsa, Osage, and Okfuskee Counties. Heav rains have fallen over part of this territory and we do not know yet just what the
situation will be.
GREEN BUG (Toptera grfainum Rond.)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (May 8): J. R. Thomson, Jr., reports the green bug
as abundant and damaging Austrian field peas at Perry.
Colorado. G. M. List (May 23): We are having a few reports of the green
bug on grain in southeastern part of the State. Indications are that the
injury will not be serious.
BLACK GAIIN-STZM SAWFLY (Trachelus tabidus Fab.)
Ohio. J. S. Houser (May 11): OverTintered larvae kept out of doors under
natural conditions at Uooster have begun to transform to the pupal stage.
PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi KXalt.)
Michigan. R. Hutson (May 20):C.C. M.ullett, county agent at Fremont, Newaygo
County, reports an infestation of pea aphid in alfalfa.
Mississippi. G. I. Worthington (May 23): On May 21 I observed severe and
general infestations of the pea aphid in Bolivar County, on winter peas
planted for cover crons. In many places from 10 to 25 percent of the
peas had been killed. The severe damage was in fields that had not been plowed under by May 1. Some injury on English peas and alfalfa was also
observed but the damage to these crops vas not severe.
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (May 25): The pea aphid is quite plentiful in garden
peas and may be found in alfalfa fields, although not in sufficient abundance to cause damage.
Nevada. R. A. Blanchard (Ma7 1i): Severe damage to alfalfa was observed on
May 1I near Reno, Wadsworth, Fernley, and Fallon. A large percentage
of the fields rear Fernley were severely damaged. The damage, although
severe, is not nearly so widespread as in 193K. The infestations develoPed
about a month later than last year. The loss in the infested fields will
probably be greater this year than in 1Q, owing to the lateness of the
Washington. L. P. Rockrood (May 2): This species was estimated to average
from 16,000 to 20,000 anhids per 100 s,eeqs in one alfalfa field near
Mabton that had been well irrigated and sho ed no damage. iNatural enemies,
including a fungous disease caused by Emnusa nlanchoniana, hymenopterous
parasites, coccinellid larvae and adults, and syrnhid larvae and adults were present in numbers and the parasites and predators were increasing
rapidly. Alfalfa in a field fall sown to barley, near Talla 7alla,
also showed a large nonulation of aphids. In some fields the percentage
of alates in the population had already risen to 25 percent. Coccinellid
beetles were moderately abundant, prtic,]arly near the foothills of the
Oregon. L. P. Roclcood (May 17): The pea achid increased greatly in some
fields of Austrian winter field reas that were seeded late in September and early in October l3L. One field near Barlow showed a damaging nonulation on : av 17. There orobbly7 will be some very localized damage.
The backward spring, cool and with deficient precinitation in Iaey~, has
been favorable to anhid increase. (May 1I): Most of the vetch so7n in
August and early in Sentember was nlowied under for green manure in fields
and orchards by May 15. In some localities this vetch had been very
heavily infested and come alates had moved out before it was nowed under.
Later so'n vetch in seed and hay fields as a rule show only small aphid populations and these populations are increasing more slowly than those
on Austrian Qeas.
ALFALFA EEVIL (Hyvera postica Gyll.)
Colorado. G. M. List (M!ay 23): The alfalfa weevil promises to do very
noticeable injury in Mesa and Delta Counties.
Utah. C. J. Sorenson (May 20): The alfalfa weevil is moderately abundant
in Cache and Bear River Valleys.
Utah and California. G. I. Reeves (L ay 17): Alfalfa weevil larvae were
collected at Willits, :endocino County, Calif., on Anril 23 and at Eornbrook, Siskiyou Count-, on May 2. e are also in receipt of specimens
collected at Moapa, Clark County, Nov., on A)ril 14, which is also a ner
record for the occurrence of this weevil. (Det. by A. C. 3ovinj.)
California. A. E. Michelbacher (:ay 21): Larval nopulations in the Fleasanton area have been the lowest of any year since our investigation of
this nest was started. No counts as hi ;h as 1,000 larv,-e per 100 sweeps
of an insect net have been collected. In this area 2athy.lectes curculionis Thorns. has built un at a tremendous rate since its introduction.
In the field where it was first liberated at least 80 percent of the
lIrge alfalfa weevil larvae collected on May 15 were found to te parasitized. On May 2 in a fielV located some little distance from the
point of introduction 15 percent of the large larvae collected were found
to bc narasitized.
CLO7R LEAF WEVITL (ynpern punctata Fab.)
Ohio. T. TT. Parks (May ? ): This insect has been very abunnt in some
clover and alfalfa fields in the northern half of the State. Reports
from Huron County reveal that one field of clover was nlowed under because of the vork of the weevil. Samnles were also received from Portage County
Vith the statement that it was seriously injuring alfalfa and clover.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 25): The clover leaf weevil was reported on
May 14 and 15 to be damaging clover in the northern third of the State.
Some specimens showed the white-mold fungous disease and, as the weather
continued wet and no further reoorts of abundance were received, it is
assumed that natural control checked the outbreak.
Michigan. R. Hutson (May 20): The clover leaf weevil has been reported
from Hartford on sweetclover and from Centerville on red clover.
Washington. E. J. Newcomer (May 21): Larvae of this weevil have been particularly numerous on alfalfa in the lower Yakima Valley this spring.
It is possible that this is the result of the two mild winters here.
(Det. by G. I. Reeves.)
California. A. E. Michelbacher (IMay 21): On May 6 the clover leaf weevil
was found in fair abundance in Humboldt County. The exact location was
about 6 miles east of Garbelville. To my knowledge this is a new locality
for this insect.
SUGARCANE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
Florida. J. 7. Ingram (April 30): The sugarcane borer infestation in the
Everglades sugar section was less than 0.5 percent at this time.
LESSER CORN STALK BORER (Elasmopalnus lignosellus Zell.)
Florida. J. 1T. Ingram (April 30): The growing points of about 4 percent
of the sugarcane plants in the Lake Okeechobee district had been killed
by lesser corn stalk borers. Injury in some fields ran as high as 30 percent. Nearly all of the injured plants were suckering out, as the
point of injury was high enough in the plant to permit this. There
will be little loss of stand, although the delayed growth will result in somewhat lowered sugar content in the injured stalks. Only slight
injury was found in cane fields at Fellsmere and at Quincy.
SUGARCAE EEETLE (Euetheol rugieps Lec.)
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (May 11): Young corn in several gardens in one
part of Griffin was severely attacked and corn 18 inches high was killed.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (M&y 24): The rough-headed cornstalk borer is
reported as attacking corn in Lanburne.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (Tay 23): Insoector T. D. Peets renorts having observed injury to corn and sugarcane at several olaces in the southwestern section of the State. A correspondent at Rome, Sunflower County,
sent us specimens of these beetles on May 9, with a report that his
stand of corn had been ruined.
Loui siana. J. W. Ingrarn and '7. .1alev (Ly15) Teetle inj4ury, to sugarc ne in the section woest ol the Atc'afaleya T7ivpr Is tne liz.ntest in
spverPl -,rears. Injury, has been less than '41 nercent, of that in an average year. Timely rains in thep infeste.. are, have increased the
growth of cane so that it is out of danger of se-ious injury.
SUGA.CJ,:,TE EE7=LE (Z-aetol-a raic Lee.)
Louisiana. W7. A. Dou 7las (May 2q): A surveT of the southwestern Louisiana
rice belt has been made to obtain data on the extent of injury to rice
by the sugarcane beetle. Six thousand stalks were examined in 12
fields and the -percentage of killed plants found to be 3..Fifteen
hundred of these stalks, or 3 fields, were in the Kinder-Oberlin. section,
where th e percentage of killed o]lants was 5.9. Most rice fields have
now. been flooded Pnd no more sugearcane beetle inju7 17ill occur, except
on planted levees, until the rice is drained for harvest.
RICE STT1-PC3UG (Solubea, p2Lugna Fab.)
Louisiana. 17. A. fouglps (M1ayr 20): Pcestinkbugs a-,.e breeding ra-0idly
on various wil(d hosts in the Louisiana rice section, the favorite wild'
host being Pas-oalurn urvillei.
RICE WATE7 "'2EVIL (Lissorhonotrus simnlex Say)
Louisiana. W. A. Douglas (Mayw 2P): F~ce water weevils are resent In
about average numbers in thie Louisiana rice section. Adulj"t feedinz7 scars are noticeable on afe- sar,)ll areas, but aside fro-i this there
is no appa--rent injuryr to thle rice crop.
F R UIT I NS EC0TS
CCDLI7T M:rOTH (CnrPocansa pcemorella L.)
IYer Yorl-. P. J. Parrott (May 20): Lv1,ic7,tions point tward large populations, of codling moth in rwecteri New York.
flelawa re. L. A. Stearns (May): On Anril 70, 65 'percent of overwintered
larvane had trransformned. Thp sinring-brood moths first emerged en MnY 5.
Pe=nyl-vania H. IT. Worthiley (11:In 29): A single moth emerged from an obsprv-at ion cage at iJ.,'rville on ia Wand in '5 bAt nails. on May 19 only one moth vn-s tiken. Contin-arl cool weather delnved furt!aer activit until 23,y 23, when 7 months. (7merpec n-nd 6 were caught in the rails.
In 1 34 the he-viest mroth flir-ht occurred between My15 and 24, when
~4-1 moths were trapneod in I- bait rails in the same block of trees.
South Carolina. W. C. Nettles (May 27): Codling moth below normal in commercial orchards.
Ohio. T. 1. Parks (May 25): romn a cage of over 1,000 overwintering larvae
at Columbus, only 2 moths have emerged. These emerged on May 22. Emergence is fully 10 days behind that of 193L. Ehe cool weather has held
back the moth and the first brood of larvae will probably be bunched and
more easily controlled with well-timed sorays. Emergence in Lawrence Countyv, southern Ohio, began on May F but has been progressing very slowly.
Many are now7 in the ounal stage and will emerge as soon as warm weather arrives, Tights have been too cool for moth activity in southern counties.
Indiana. J. J. Davis (May 25): Renorts from Vincennes and Orleans indicate
that pupation was not uncommon on Atril 11, in fact newly formed ouoae were observed as early as March 27 at Elberfeld (between Vincennes and Evansville). At Vincennes the first moths were ca-tured in the orchard on May 8 (4 days later than in 1934). No eggs hatched at Orleans up to
May 23. Apparently hatching of the first-brood worms will be rather
G. 7. Hamilton (May 20)): At Orleans the first adults were captured
in bait traps during the night of May 8, and in light trans during the
night of May 9. Since then daily captures in both light and bait traps gradually increased through the night of May 13. Since May 13 weather
conditions have been very unfavorable for moth activity.
L. F. Steiner (May): Bait trans began capturing moths at 3icknell
and in 2 orchards at Vincennes on the night of May 8. Emergence began
in backing sheds at Eickmell n1 Elberfeli(, also on May 8. The first nunal skins were observed in the orchard on Mayy 9, the last previous
search for them having been made on May 7. If any emergence occurred
before May 8, rain and low temperatures would have prevented ovinosition.
Firat-brood larvae are expected to begin hatching in this area on May
18, if the weather is normal.
Illinois. W7. P. Flint (,May 20): Codling moth adults began emerging in
southern Illinois about May 1. Quite a heavr emergence occurred from
May 10 to 15.
Missouri. L. Haseman (May 22): Emergence of the codling moth began the
last part of April in the southeastern nort of the State,from Me 1 to 3
in the southwestern nart, anI! from May 8 to 11 in the central nart. UO
to May 20 none had emerged in the northern part. Cool, rainy weather
has slo ed down emergence and development, so no worms hnve yet been observed entering fruit.
Colorado. G. M. List (May 23): The winter mortality of codling moths was
low. Moth emergence began in Mesa County on May 18. No moths have yet emerged in Delta County. The scoring is bac_cnardC, a contrast to that of
Idaho. R. 7. Haegele (May 1): Codling moth emergence has not yet started.
The season is nearly normal, the c~alyx srar being de about May 10, at
which time emergence should be under way.
,;ashinton. 2. J. Newcomer (May 21): Moths began emerging on my 3 in the
EAST=T TE1T CATERPILLAE (Malacosoma americana >ab.)
Tew England. L. H. 'Vorthley (May 6): In Yew Hampshire hatching was first
observed on April 26. An amnerently heavy infestation is reported in
the Concord district. Massachusetts inspectors first observed sins of hatching on April 22. Cool weather kept tfie larvae near the egg masses until a. warm spell on Anril 30, when they began to snin tents. Reports from Quincy, Boston, Framingham, and Lynnfield indicate hepvy infestations in these districts. Hatching of larvae ras noted in the -esterlv
and Neiport, R. I., districts on Anril 26. A heav7r infestation exists
in the esterly section. Connecticut insnectors report hatching as having begun in the Middlletown district on April 20, in 7.illimantic
territory on April 25, and in the vicinity of Manchester on Aoril 27.
All three of the latter sections are annarently heavily infested.
Maine. H. B. Peirson (May 17): The American tent caterpillar is general
in the southwestern part of the State. The tents are becoming very
noticeable in size and abundance.
New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (May 24)): The tent caterpillar is very common
in certain localized areas around Durham. As a whole, however, the
State has fever caterpillars than last year. Several men from different
parts of the State have noted wilt disease among the caterpillars.
Vermont. J. M. Robinson (May 25): Extremely abundant in the southwestern
section of the State, comparatively scarce to moderately abundant in
central and northeastern sections, and the smallest numbers where winter
temperatures were coldest.
Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (May 21): The eastern tent caterpillar
is unusually abundant in many localities throughout the eastern part of
Hhode Island. A. E. Stene (,n 20): The eastern tent caterpillar is showing un in unusual numbers.
Connecticut. 7. E. Britton ('Mayv 23): Cateruillars and their nests are extremelv abundant on annle and wild cherry throughout the State.
INew York. P. J. Parrott (May 20): Very abundant in western New York and
in the Hudson Valley.
R. E. Horsey (May 22): At Rochester very common on ornamental crbatanles of several species, native crabarnles, and several species of
cherr-.T. Cn May the nests measured )aut 21 inches in di,,7neter Pnrl
the cnterrillprs -ere nearly incl lom .
New Jersey. T. J. Head.lce (1. -ay 21): T-Ine tent caternillpr is extr-iordinarily abundant over the St -,,,to, -er -iaps as P, un,'- ,rt c r more so th-in ;-t
rimr time durin::-7 the lc- st 20 years.
K11 :;'1*,ak, Jr. -ir,-T E. T)st,7 1 NJ ay): T' e American tent caterpillal- is especially Rban,,Iant f rom ,.nnmnuth County to Cumberlanc! Co-unt-;.
-,- Trees infested, in
,an to latch L .
,-.,_,s be Ghe second week in 'rrJ1.
order of severit-y, are wild che=17, arrole, n ,'Av D nlum, Jo-n--inose quirce,
Penns-1vania. H. 14'. Worthley (Mlay 24 : Eactern tent caterpilla rs are no7
beco-min.- f-all -rown and-7 Pre be F,,innin,- to wander. Durin,,: a tri-D on
.;a,, 21 lo 2.7, complete was obs( rved common from, 'en'
Count,- east" to Le'-iiq':.i Coun'-,y and South to A ,-Tns Ocunty.
West Virlo-inia. F. V7. Crai-,- (IMIP77 2F): Z,-,st-.rn tent caterpillars have been
very numerous in locqlit.eT, sr- Ature '. th--, Stllate.
Virginia. F. F. Smit';. (June 3): _,ton Co-an'7., t- e damage by 'he
In 1' rling u 1-1
tent caternill ,r this ye -r endeared to be lim4-ted to 7rouns of trees
and on .7hich dpf'oliation wn 7 co-mlete and the nests v!ere -numerc--is. In ne, rb-Nr area-, tile damri --e vas sli,--',,i'u on 111-ie spme hosts arc tile nests 7'ere
Ohio. E. W. MenO.-enhall (1,'--v 1)1 : M. P.-noricnna w s found to be quite -prevalent in Cuyelho,-a Count-T this
Kentuc!71. W. A. Price (...ny 27): The tent cater")ill !Ir was cons-oicuou7 in
rrany plces in 7ent,,ic1!-,- durin--, t*tie e,-rl7. pF rt of esroci-),117
amindan' in the eastern r-,ort of t1ne Sta
Tennessee. J. I"11,-m (A-oril 15): trecs at '-'Ila rks:ville are entivel-7,,
defoliated but little dama,1-c) has beer, done to orcl-iar fts.
FIMUIT TIEE -b-AF ROI;IEP (Cricoec' ) 7al,-,.)
Connecticut. P. G irm, n (11'.,.)7 2 Lrirvac 1inf.chin,,f- abcla' the f rst
week in 'a7 in 17ei,! -Havel !" 11.1 fi :)1) n .1. - more heavily infested orc-iards
i4- appears to be viel*l. in c%)ntrol.
Ne-i York. P. j. Pprrott (' ;':ay PU^): OrcJh,-,r;i-z with sev -'re inf estat ions, es-necially in tlie -H i-dson Valle-, -rore common tnan in mv recent vear.
Y S t a- e Cc 11 Yew s Le t t e.- (:, ,-y) Lenf, rollc. rs started
hntchim- the last !.-,?e1'7 ir. nrii 1 n '- 1 -1 d s, -) i R i v r I e ',,,I n 0. th e
first week ir in Ne-: Yor,11- So, :e dl-r-,-I e w, ,; observed in the
Hudson R-'.ver V,-)lle77 le'er in the month.
e nn s -7 1 v,-,,, n i 71. 7. Hcd'-ki,-,- (Y-7 21): 1- t:ie ncrt'-c- h-l-r of the State
the f r-, i t t ree leaf ---c 1 ler ha -- be -n -nor- i n r 17 ea r s
PISTOL CASE 3:!A-;CR (C,)Ieouhora mnlivorella
PennsvIvania. H. E. Hodjkiss (Ma'-., 21): A rather serious infestation of t,-,.e
-pistol case beaver ,7a,: observed ir Adams 7he case bearers were
nractlca'17 m 'U-jrcd on Mal 17.
D*USY-7- LEAF ROLLER (Amorbia, 'humerosana Cle-,r.
Penns-rlv-- -nia. 1H. 'E. Hod, ,"kiss (1,1iay 21): Leaf rollers, esneci!,.11-1 t"'e 'I-Is!
leaf rol.Ler ) w e r e v ,, r, bunCl-a-"It in all. sta,--es t'1rou;-ho---Lt the S'ate duri.-, 7 the week of '.' 'ay !.- to 1F.
,I CTTT;;1.',RM (Se-ot;s alia Guen.)
Ne '7 Jersey. T. J. He-dlee 21): ';;e ha a -noz-1 extr-orc1in-r'T r".i7 of
this noct-aid motla on t',,e 7in-- 'i-ie )!--rt o"" A-)ri" the
f irst part of Ya.- 'Peoort-, on tiis insect h'lve been received f.rom;
various -parts of the Stete, 'rom middle southern, r .rts,
';-'Acre tkie larv e arc to -i-,),7)e:,:r in P,)-ole orchards i"le-re
are mistaken for grec.n
GILZILT FRUIT GraDtolitha antennata Jalk.
Connecticut. P. Garman (I., Green frait- !,''orms abundant in repr and
aT)rle orcn,,-trds. E, --s obse-i-ved about a moit"i 'go.
T-Iie r,-,- t .-orm
New Yo rk. 7T. Y. State Coll. Arr. (7e'.-.,s Letter ;reen f
beFan liatc.'ling in the Hudson Rivcr Vallev last of Anril and !y the
end. of ',!iay was doin,- som.e dam -,,,-e in the lo, -part rof t.-,e varll' .
Connectic ut. P. Garman (14ay 22): T'-- e ros-.- --nhid (Anu-a-ohis roseiis "27aker)
is -orespnt in n-only in 117e -7 H,-,, -,n C iunty but 7entner con, l tions,
have not been suit, 'ble for its develcr,:.,innt nn c,, nsenuentl- it is not
nbjn,I.nnt at -prese-it.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (1",- v 'To rel,-,rtz of from t',ie "re en !1nhi,-1
(Arihis no,7i De%'T.) or t'.ie ros,,, ar'Ad. roses in our
St7t ,. Ti--2 arnD, -rain sp (,.cles (7ho-nalosii)quTr -prunif -14, 'Fitc'i) miF, t,, 0- f r o -n trees at Colu-nbUs a wce',:
Indlqn ,. J. J. Davis 04'r -, 4011: In -)rc'-,ar,1s wl!iere anl-iis were abundant
earlier, they bcc n to in -! -nific,-ince bir 1 dvbeetle
17e,:7 Y o r1r. P. J. Pnrrott (',,, v ros-'7' -)-nle n7hid is modPr:,'.t0lY- nbundant in vrestern Yorl;:.
N. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (May): All f-Ut
aohids were apnearing in western T ew orh by the er o .
apple grain aphid was leaving the apples by the third 'e ... .e
green apple aphid was only moderately nbindnnt over rost 7 e Rte.
The rosy apole achid was generally reported as scarce until to r d of May, when it started to increase in abundance in the Hudson River Vlley and also in the lakes district.
Pennsylvaria. H. E. Hodgkiss (May 21): Rosy apple aphid infestation is
not important. In three southwestern counties there are enough rosy anhids to cause a rather serious situation if breeding conditions are
Michigan. R. Hutson (May 20): Apple aphids have been frequently reported
from southwestern Michigan, but all specimens examined proved to be
Wisconsin. C. L. Fluke (May 22): Apple aiiids numerous.
Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (May): On May 20 H. C. Tederson, of Lowry, .7inona
County, reported aphids numerous on buds of some fruit trees. A. Camobell, Lewiston, Winorna County, reported apnle aphids very abundant
earlier in the season.
Arkansas. D. Isely (May 24): The rosy antle aphid is unusually abundant in
Idaho. R. W. Haegele (Mar 1): The green apple aphid is quite general in
apple orchards of southwestern Idaho but severe injury is not anticipated.
WHITE APPLE LEA HOPPER (Typhlocyba pomaria McAtee)
Connecticut. P. Garman (May 22): Thite apple leafhoppers are scarce at
Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (May 21): Pale leafhooner nymphs were hatching in Bucks County and other southeastern counties on May 14.
A TREEHCPPER (Glossonotus crtani Fitch)
New York. P. J. Parrott (May 20): This treetonper is very abundant in a
few anole orchards in the vici-nity of Hilton.
SAiT JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)
Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (Ma" 20): Predators have 5greatl reduced the San Jose
scale infestation in Fort Valley. This locality was more heavily infested last fall than in average years. Very few live scales have been
left in some orchards. A few crawlers set up during the last month.
Ind iqna. J. J. Davis (Vny 177,): S,-n Jose scale is Ir
-reasin,_r in northern ndiana. A number of'
7isconsin. E. L. Chambers (May 21): The sprayin-1, of about 00 city prorerties in southern 7iisconsin has been ccmnletei under favrrn'lle we! ier
ROSE CH _',= (Macro dA ctTl-us s,.lbs-01nosus 7ab.)
South C,,;rolina. F. Sherman (!!ay 27): Rose chafer locall- abundantt an,3
doir.;; dnmn 7e in uns-ornyed. anple orc rds in the rnountilns.
Tennessee. G. 1,1,. Bentley (May 22): A very phenomenal outbreak of ''_,_ e rose
beetle in three comrnerci ,,,l orchards in Fayetteville has causea, considPrable exciter.,ent. The ot, .,ners report from '-,C- to 81_---0e.-ce-,t loss ot,
-,les f rom t-he hep,v,,7 at t-q -C to The77 seem to con;-re,7,F te
-c' of these beetles
in the woods and fly in swarms to t1ae orchards.
APPLE FLEA WEEVIL (Orchestes -nallicornis. S,-)",%rj
Ohio. J. S. Houser (A-oril 29): During the Y)as+ few years this insect '-,.as
increased in abundance in rt considerable number of areas in Stato ,.
One -rrower who o-nerptes P 30-acre commercial orcqard at- ..'edin!7t st ites
th,- t a conservative Psti-,-te of his loss durin,, enc, o t-.-- 1!7st
years is 1 000. On Aoril 26, i-hen this orchard 1171 s visited, one
fruit cluste- thqt had --., t reached t:,le s' _- was ilnfesto ,' -ith
13 repvils. Tilis i7-s ver-, unusual; however, on m1-,r_.,;t cl-asuers
of 3 and+ 1 beetles vrere found.
SAYIS BLISTER (Pornphopoea Ej LLi Lec.)
Chio. J. S. Houser (ATril. 2n': This beetle anne- i:ed in nu-bt-rs in
't"illprSbur,- and LTc, ,,T and. cp:,.ised s .ri(ras -tin all
'n.-rt7> of tnp blo :sr)ras. 77he dc mn,- ,-e is TnDst severe i.,. t-s -he
trees. The beetle,:; are Pctive on warn.-, sunn,-,- cl -.rs
sh, ltpr of de'tric tre.r,,c r,4in-v, cool
PL7,. CU1FC _T,-,IC (Conotrachelas nenu-p'-,,,-,,r "H-totot
r, r c. Lot A. Sto;,rnz Firct cwer ,, intere,-I -11LIlts e7rer.z_-ed fr=, '-ion Anril 2f ; nenl- of "--)n p
Vi r.-ir ia. J. Sct-ioonc v e
r-I+ ,'.in:-,,, thr r) ,rich orc, ,ar,- s in r- In-n In
P ,, r r s y 1, -v,-, n i, -7. 7. "1 Plum. c-.rculin 7,71s in
Fr,.- ,Iin, nnI, of 17.
P 1; -1 _. .1 1. 1 t
Insnectic7n of ap )le -rcn, rds id-c,-'-,Cs i er r e f P,, e,r of tn, ,so f',, jr u 3-a,-jl in th(, ap-le Tt i S
-P, I I + -(D curL Jjj s e!, pt v-7here; ri, t r r c J,) in
woodlan-3 or ;!eed-v fence rovis. The, 1, ,r-e -peac.1. cro- ir nros-.ect
still free from curculio
7". P. ,)f tne extrup.e dro-a -ht
-11 t, .1. ; -, ):
tlrst -,T(-nr, 10 -)TU71 CUrCl-llij is v,..r-,- sc ,,,rcc.. S Ch,,) nrl, 1 s ex
arrin, .,tions "n sovt. Iern Illinois s tthc i-A sm )P.Er
at nn-! time the lris 1") year .
0 rl "Icl C. I. Sna--)-n 20): 7-he -)e,-'- o" eme r,-(,,nce of first-brood 1-7 rva
fro a dvo-(),-, on A ,-il '?g at 71,-) "'t 'Valle" I'lae firFA run, ti i
tla w,, seaso-n V, s rccor,'e., :,,n ) 7 C, is Y! da-,,,s earlier thar, "'IP
f i r s -ou,),- t i () n 1 i- I -L e inoeC j.,rS tr V, ee,
e -.rl ier last ve-r n n,-;. e S C_ 4 O-a s, second b-ood is ex,)eced. --'e a
drons were veiv he, vil 7 infested 7it'_q curcullo larvae. 1): :111 c ,
first transformation -to adult beetles ir, soil in tl,.e 1.-ibor;7 tor,-c o r U7ed todav. It probably be anot'ier T-!ee'.-. o-,- t-.-Io before
beetles errer :-e. Sev ,ral turtless ,.7ere ?mor, ; tne c,.i-c-lilios
jarred from neac*,-, trees ir. an toda r. (,.4a-,- 2 F The first ne,,*
beetle of thr s, ason eraerf e- today fro-r the so!]. in, "ic
', is is 10' daTs e!n.rlier tiinn t1a e f 1 -1 s t em. ence 1,ast ye- oil account of the -unracual1v eetrly emerp'encp ,)f first gener, tion t iure
is ever7 respect O-f Consi.,-1Lerp*OlC to tl,. -oencl Cron f.-O: -Co--lbrood 1 rvae, Ther( was jerked incre ase in t1le of curcul.ios
ca-i_,,7,ht in tae orc ,_'r-0, b-,- 111ils (is n reS,' 1' of tho (,,m-r, ence of ne-,- 'beetlr_,-, fro,,7, t", e Sai.l. T-, b
one lock of trees t-nis i. r,
r,js the 1! st veel-. 'Mn," 31): T'-i e f 1 7- t -,E e n e r t i n
adults emer';rin.,," from dr,)f)s O arin,- t',ie ni-tnt follov.Tin.r
rai i yesterrl,7--.
S ou t C 7,rol i n ) C '_,Te t t e S 'j,-,7,r 27): Cufculir) aor),-, rentl- normni
in -owa.cn orcia,-rds.
0. L-1c o to penche s n,-' nlums
b t.ie 1 111m c-:rculio is -051- -;r i vcr th(2 St ,_G.
s,,,) u r i L Ha s e rri, r Plum seems to bi less rilrandfnt
than us,aal, or (:,,lse is br lc- by v,,eatlliezr. F e', ,-)uncturcs in
nlu-ms h,,tv bf (,,r nt ,rlT).,, 3*4r -)rdea,,,, so ,c s'(1 !n 7s
( uring, tne p-, st ;% weel s ",,?-ve be(.;r. rt ,r)o-ted.
n sa s -H. R. 3=sor. Some -)t bot-.
inr- ?n lnoec.t.
(Conotrac 'Ielus Pna,-,_I.,vp ,js Sav)
_T ) o r i 0. T S
-11 i? 0 b r r c- -it Fort lb lle-v.
P E 1=Z-_-,: (Ac,7-rin, Sa-,r
Crc c r i- 1,-, 0. 1. Sn,?7-) 1 -,): The examine ,, I-ion of, hurdles T)epc-in co=ercial orc* Iards in all directions f rom Fcrt Valle-1, d-arir. t ne
1 nst month shows t.-rt there b _--en no or f t _,is
insect under field conditions. (I a7 22): f i r st- c, o c o n o f7 t *---s s 7 n
foanu in orc I ,,, rd tod; 7!. it cont-ined ;,; puna abo-at 2 days
old. This is t'le e!zrliest, nu-c,7tion in 'Ulle f ield. of v7 ich Tie a
re.cord. (June 3 ): T ,e first .ot'_I o t..e season,, P r crm_ 71 I If -a! z Ed
fe7r le, erner,7_ ,ed tod 7,7 fro- P cocoon collected in -i cn=ercial orcnar,I at "ort Valle-, on 22. T?.is is t e earli-s' mot'
Jro,,,n co=erciE l cr=ard in t.,.is lcc,, litv of i C_,- e a
11 i n o is W P F 1 i n t Y 0 'Y=e thar. the us-ial nu7ler )-:' ino-airies
4--- 1 S S_-4
ccncernim darnp-c-c by the neach tree bore.- have been received
30-R:F 2ict 2 s "7. s :-I,
Dela,:.,are L. A. Ste, rns (Anril ?6)- Rencrtc of injur-,- fro- "'illsboro and
,eorn7ia. 0- 1- Sna-0-0 17): SIDrin--b-rood moths are still
Zor4- al le
ORI'2''_,7AI FRUIT J, 07H (GraT --iolitha molestci --usck)
De lnvE, re. L. A. Stearns Yinety -oercent of the cv,-r-:TJnterek Inrv,Ae
1- 7 A
transformed. b. VC; first- e.rei,. -ence of snrir--brood mCtI!I_, oz
clar---ed on Anril PG; emer:-ence of' snrin; :-I-rood tc k TIf ce
from Anril 21 '-, to 7irst first-bro-)d egi_-s obsprv,_ d on o.
ITen-,, Jersey r. Hae-assler (Y,,1r ,L): TE'le first adult moths were cantured
in h-A4 -pans on A-)ril 26.
G c r, i a 0. 1 Sn nr PO): T,,-ii- irj,-,rT7 is ess _,an u1su,71 at
Ohio. T 'H P 7 r Ics L, rvpe were -! r7 sent in t' c nr, Fro7-t', 12
and wpre causing of' scmo termin!nls.
Indir na. J. J. D ,vis 2 )\: Ori6nt..il fr,;it n 4.--Its cl-served in
use P, t Dedf cr -r, Anril 2,'. o,:,
cool -.--t'ier. At )resert, t-i,, injury is i- Inli nn
%7 ,m o .-., lf or (-,ld(-r to L)(- fo7,,-,.n-1.
L. F. St(:,Inc;r T.ie first oriert, l
mnoth z"Is Obs ,,rved ,t -Irincenne, on ::n-;Illinol.-;. ',7. P. FI;,nt C,,-; '0): Dnma 7p to relc twi,.-S fro7n tLAe
fruit moth i 7- nov., bet-innin-' + (, s'io,-- ov, ,T- the southern four.-,,. of tnc
st I t e
Mississin-ni. C. L-le ('.M-7 '7): 011 2., Inis-%.;ctor i.
to us -,photinia tvri 7s snovrin,,, inj-ar-, evidently c-used. bv this insect.
ComT)laints of da-na -e to T)eac.i t-iE, 7q. h,7v bec..- recuiv(,cl. fro v. .rinus loc cities t"irou, hout the State.
Arkansas. D. Isely (T/i,:Iy 24): .."Ie oriEnt,)l frui.t -.nr)+.h h s bE cn r,.)r(! in
GIREE17 P:--'A-H ,.PHID (Mvzu-, LiLrsiq,
1-1 2e llu z.
s1m) H. S,.er:- ('May 20): --,:e-)ortg of injury to neach trecs 7er.,, TIJ -is+ .;r an,,! Cedar countiess on Y!-i-- ,nd 12, received f ror P,nc,. 1 1 U )#
Colorado. G. 1,I. List The creen -Peac', r--nhid is m-)-e numerous in
t', e er of S-or-i-in -, has beem I-LAte
peacli axG s than for e numrt
,general and with the la ree nw-.ib e r o f 1-d,7b e e t 1 e s that i re .-one, r i n i t
is hoped little dama.,-:e 7-,rill be done.
BLACI PEACH APHID (Anurap-nis Tiers icae-nip:er Smith)
Miaryland. E. IT. Cor-v (MaY 7): Dlack peach ap-'-Lid reported f t
LE. --FOCTED -r T a (Le-otoi,,Iqssu 7- T),-,-,I'LoT)-,,
0 T -p,-- c i e s is unusually abundant thi-Teor ,ia. Snanp 11'a, 2?': Th i s s
ye-r at Fort V! )llev -md is -ocac' es T)uncturin r, th e f ru t
and sucking the juice.
PE.t* R PSYLLA Ps, lJI. in -r7r i co Foe r E! 11
Connecticut. F. &-)rmari T ,-, qsvllr is rennrted mo-.-(. al, u,1,nnt t'-Ian 1,3st montl-. in rO- .A-7.
ev7 York. P. J. Pqr ott Per!!" ns I western Nr,
New Yor,,.. P. J. P,- rrot' (1,!, 7;,T 20): Pe,,?, in .,.,est,-,rn I\Tc-,,, Yoric.
PE.AE T-FRICS (T. cniotarip-, inco.nsequens '7Ze
1Tev! Yo rk. Y. Y. Str,,te Coli. 11.,,7r. Nev,s Let-ter 7-,(- r -r thr;.-r ,
some damaL--e durin 7 tI-te mont_-. -I-n Ulstcr, nd cn-n
ties; in 7crner,--J it I.-i-)s less nlir.,,,ero-as t"I,-in 1,1st 17 --r.
1) C :f ott 1,- s t i 11 re7n,? i in on -)r--:ne ; n -.7
7, --il, 2-): Sev--rel E:ro- -ers in ;,ntelo-)p 7- 1---f,') r n I c I
J. 7,ya (!
h ve- anrlied control for th-rins on -oenr.
FEAR LIAT 3LIS7-- YIM (Zrionnyes pZj:j
(Anril Ll-'- ): 7,ie twisterr mite h-s been
cl, ite active in the Antelone Valley .)e.-r buds, hr ve been disColored. Several ,-ro,;,Ters have annlie Lft control measures.
PLT :.r APHID (! ysteroneura setariae Thos.
L. Hasp-,I,?,n 21): The rust, bro n 1 am, a id as reported
serious or, some varieties of -olums in the central -Cart of State
early in 11.!.?,V, but is largel-; C.Leared u7 no 7.
, Iississin-0i. C. Lyle (T,:ay 2": Plum. twigs shol.,7in-- a heavy infest t---n
of rusty rlum anhid were received -.1'rom a rover at S. Iuq--Iala-k on I
O and Insnector J. '4ilton st 7ted that he found a Ineavy infestation
on a plum tree in Jackson on April 29.
011x:l,, homa. F. A. Fenton (1,!ay 22): Aphids of various species are causinzmore trcAlo tiiis t-an normally, o, -,-ing to the cool, late srri-The rusty brorn plu- aDhid has caused consider -Ible dama,::e to nli :ms.
Tex--)s. F. L. Thom,7s (Arril and IMpy): '%,.any of the rlu.- trees of '7-,,Live C o-..,nties -,re infested. Ro-no-ts were received from
on Anril Pc from Three on 11, and -nOCIC.7,-j" on 22.
APHID (:-yz-, s ribis L.)
Indianti. t) Dav i s (Y,-i r,,--,rrnnt ar, re'nort,-d vt-rv 1'c":n- 1
1', rion on 21.
No r t' J. A. C- i ver,
I.'. Hi. (1, -ay 20): curr,-. nt ,7as workin,7 -n
-"';t Gorrv in .,ount,, on
PECAIT L-ZAIT CASE (Acrobassis Lu,, rindis Le -.)
Geori ia. J. '-'I. (37ill (ila7 22): Thu larv, e of t' Ie necrin leaf crse ben.rer
hPve been causing considerable damage to t*,Ie, buds nn,, in some
-oec,?n orelnarCls In the vicinit7 of' Tifton.
FALL ViEDWORM (HyT)ht-: .ntriP cunea 2 ury)
,.rcorgla. 0. 1. Sna-n-o (1 4*av 24': ITests of fall webworms 7,erc
on -,necpn treos -It Fort Vall -,v toda-;. 'his is unus-o!illv earli for tliEll
first se-son,-)I. an-nearance o' thc5a insects. Anot-rier lne- ;rv infes-. :,ti,-)n
is exnectued. Last -7ear's infestation in sorne locr-lities was the
I Inad ever seen.
J. (11,,iy (.2): ITes+- of the fp11 w e bworm re now showl n a-o
in pecan orc'nards and other trees in the vicinit- of "ifton.
Mississinni. G, L. Dond (1 .q77 23): Cn Mar 10 a web, of fpll Tebworms
was noted on a -nersimmon trec, nc r V,, ade. T, e '7or.ns to b,
about half grown.
PECAN FHYLLOXZ-: 2. (E I loxera dev,- statri> Per---.)
I'lississippi. 0. Lyle (May -.i): On ITia-7 count- a ent L. C. Strahan, of
Ta.tchez, reported heavy infest :itions of ; -n 1 ls on nec, 7n, trees in '-ha ,
A SA -'FTY (Periclista, s-n.)
Mississip-pi. H. &ladney 2,3): Sa ;;f 1 v larvae Pe r i c 1 s ta sn, zin VC
caused considerable injury to pecan trees alon,: tne c,,.P.-t of J -icl :son
County during, the nast month bv eoti-.i,7 'ioles Llhu foli 7e. 7h e
leaves havu the ap-nearance of hiving been sliot vritli i shot --un. _ills
is probably P.. hicoi iae '.Rohw. to notes o -,'i-le in the Insect
Pes-' -, Survey.
C I T S
MEEIT "JIT-T;S AT,-,IID
Florida. J. R. WatFon ",J' + ru,:- a-hiCIS Wer(- v-r-, -blandan' the
f i r s t- Pi r t o f A-) r i I i ch 7,a s 'v,- ry ---a ch 1! t,,-, r th,- :i u ua I T h e, ?- w r e
cl--iefl)r on troc s hid beon more or less irJurr.,-I 1,7 t'-,Ie froe:,e of
Dece-.ber and 7Cre n-, ttinp, out, nerr c- U. i ne ladvleotle)
r cw", T' L S T).
Was J.ound, ir niiri:bors in t.,e northern na),-t of Cran -,e Co-c..nt,-;- and
1'7,-,s effe ctinz commercini control of anhils.
-15 FT RTJ C K- C R )P IIT:-)E C T
VEGETABLE W7EEVIL (Lis7troc, res obliguus Gyll.)
South Carolina. \V. J. Reid (May l14): The vegetable w7evil has been discoe"red
at Charle-sto-n. (Det, by L. 1-. Duchanan.)
Gcorgia. T. I. 3innnll (May 4): rtatos are heavily infeste-d by weevils in
a farm garden at Orchard Hill. (May ):I have found L. -biqu at five
points1 in and near Orchard Hill and Milncr, ever an area -5 miles, by 14.
'7n' have scouted six other ceunties-, nev er two localities to, the county,
in a ring areund the area, without finding further infestations. (Dot. by
L. L. Buchanan.)
California. A. C. 7rury (April 3C'): The vegetable -,7onvil has bee.n fo-und in
S7anta- Ana Canyon about half a mile~ acr^ess the Riverside County line- and
so far as I knew this is the only place, where, it eccurs in Rivers-ide, County.
It was found thern nn wild growth and is far away frrm any ve-getable
D. T. Trondorgast (May 27): On M.1ay 15, the vegptable weevil was observe11d snri-unly injuring tomatoes 11 miles south nf Tracy, acros- the line
in Stanislaus County. This is the first record ef the appearance of this
wee ,vil in this area.
A CAMEL CRICI7T (Daihinia brevip-s Hald.)
Oklahoma. C. F. 7Stiles (May 21): The California camel cricket has boon rnported damaging gardens and truck crops in Kingfisher, 0arfirld, anci Tillman Counties. This insect wran r, pnrted in 1932 as beinC, present in large
numbers in Harmnn County. -Since then it has again booi n report d from Earmen, Ellis, Roger Mills, and Jackson Counties. I a endfntl
proved that this insect foeds on vegetation.
MOLE CRIC17T-S ('q-trsu nsty *
lTorth Carolina and South Carolina. W. A. Tho-mas (., ay): Moleo crickets, 3
aelretus R. & H. and ". vicinus S)cudd. have bee.n spric-us posts in tobacco
_roed bods throughout the, South Carolina tba-cc- b'-lt, which includes srver;a0 birder counties in Nlorth Caxclina. Lthueh isolated instances of injuiry ha-v hee(n nited during thre past 2 ,T-ars, this is the. first time, the
r'lcricket has been considgrid a -erous -ed-bed p' st in thin particu2--,r territory.
7-J70 COR1T MAGGCT (gy12myia cilicrura Rpond.)
Ionia. C. J. Drake (May 25): Many scattered reports of d-Li-ag- to seed e-rn,
mlnn, and other seeds have cime, in this spring. The maggot is fairly
cimm'rn in the- cniin-growing districts if e-astorn Io.wa.
Missouri. L. Haseman (May 22): Many complaints are being received. Molon
growers in southeastern Missour-i are reporting injury.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (May 14): Seed corn maggots are damaging mrlon and
bean seeds in several parts of Weber County.
POTATO 9ND TOMATO
COLORADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (May 25): The Colorado potato beetle has been unusually abundant in many sections of Tidcwater Virginia. This is probably dur
to the fact that many growers failed to control this insect properly last
year because of the low price of potatoes.
Georgia. J. 1. Gill (May 22): The Colorado potato beetle has bpen damaging
Irish potatoes and tomatoes in the vicinity of Tiften.
Florida. F. 1. Chamberlin (May 20): The Colorado potato beetle is very abundant in Gadsden County, where it is causing considerable damage to tomato
Ohio. B. J. Landis and H. C. Mason (May 23): The Colorado potato beetle is
vry abundant at South Point. Some eggs have hatched. On May 20 many
egg masses were washed off the plants by heavy rains.
Tennensnn. G. M. BPntley (May 22): In western Tennessee the Irish potato
beetle is occurring in larger numbers than usual.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (May 24): The Colorado potato beetle has been very
abundant and active this year at Auburn. Stiretrus anchorage Fab. has
appeared associated with the larvae.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (May 23): Damage to Irish potatoes is quite general
over the 5tate. In some places eggplants and tomatoes are also being
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Miay 14): The Colorado potato beetle appears to be
rather scarce this spring in the small infested area in Weber and Davis
POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix cucumeris Harr.)
Virginia. L. D. Anderson (May 1): Although the potato plants are just coming
through the ground, flea beetles may be found easily throughout every
potato field in the vicinity of Now Church.
North lakota. J. A. Munro (May 21): Potato flea beetles are moderately abundant at Fargo. Adults were commonly observed in gardens this spring.
Scuth Carolina. W. C. Nottlos (May 27): Potato flea beetles are more than
normally abundant over the State. They are injuring eggplant and potato
CCR'14 EZI WCRMI (Heliothi:7, nbrolf ta Fab.)
Gr.orgia. J. P. Gill (May 22): Th, tomato fruit worm has been vrry troublr,
m-m, in te-mato fields at Tifton.
Sr, uth Carolina. C. 0, Bav (Liay 18): Examinati,-n of 3' -5 stalks- in a f iel I
if s-w-et corn -.h-.7ed IZ9 stalks, -r 25 pcrcrnt, irSpsted with frr7m one to
thrr",P larvae per stalk.
Mississippi. 0. Lyle and assistants (May 23): Tomatn fruit worms ar, bf7Ginning to damage t -matocn in the, district-, around Cccan Springs, Vc- :7 Pcint, and Proc.khavrn. Thoso insects sevnrnly injured the ycung gr, wth Pii4 buds
on rnsls in Pascagoula early in May.
Kansas. H. H. Walkdmn (May 25)* One adult was taken at thn Hays trap light
rn May 2, thp. first appparancp of the insr-ct this season. At Manhattan the first adult was taken at tho trap light on May 13 and ancthcr ,n 1 ,,v
24. All ,"rp badly rubbod. 1,Tcnr, havc bocn nbservod in thp fiold.
T,*, xa s. P. I Th-mas (May 2r): M,-ths werc beginning to ,vipn-it -n trmatcrs
-n Yay 14, just as- the plants wore beginning to b1nom. Eggs or nnwly
hatched larvae wcrek apparently disle-,dgod by heavy rains and wind during
thn following wonk, a7 on May 2C only n-w-laid Pggs wpr,, found.
0. 77. Clark (May 4): This insect is m(-r(- abundant than usual on errn
and tl mato at Wnslaco. It is seriously damaging p ,p crrn.
MEXICAN PEAY. B4= (Epilachna cnrrupta Mull.
C- rr,,etinn.-Tho record nf thr% 1. Cxican bran bnPtlc in 1,:isrissippi by F. W.
Dunnam, in thv- Insr ct Ppst Survoy PullsF tin, May 1, 1535, P- 91"', i.- crronThn sp, cim n has boon determined as F. bf-rralis Fab.
Yaryland, L. V. Brannon (May 3): Tho first Moxican br,,,ui brrtl,-! rf thr, scat_--on
was found fe oding in th( field nn tho Fastprn ShrNro at Salisbury rn Yay A larg nurftcr of fir.ld examinations, woro madc in tho vici.-ity and "rIly
r)nr, b- r tlr was found.
Virvinia. 1. W. Braniion (April 29): Thr first boctIr of 't.hr sparon war f-,
lr r ding in thr firld in thr Yr rfrlk m-oa on k-pril 29. nnly rno bfotlo wa1 fnind on 25 rows nf bnans, so tho beetle is appav ntly nnp of tho first t
Daily cbrn.rvatinns havo born made sinen April I$Z. On tho Par-torn
')hnro ",f VirgLiia thn, first brrtlr, was found fordine, in thr ficld rn Ma'y 1
Bell-, Haw n.
H. G. Walk -r (Ev 25)! About 2r' porr -nt of tho rvcrwint ,rinc bcrtlc'-q
t raorj-r d from our hibc rnc):ticn cagrs at Y ,rfrlk.
Iouth Carolina. F. Shorman (I'a;y 27): Tho Moxican bran bcrtlr i's brc ,mdn&
.Xtiw in th,
Georgia. T. L. Bissell (May 27): The Mexican bean beetle is very injuricus
in Union Coiunty, much more so than around Experiment. The damage has been
by beeootles, which are just beginning to lay eggs.
Ohio. 1, F. Howard (May 25): The first record of the Mexican bean bQgetle in
the field was made at South Point on May 8. H. C. Mason found the first
feeding in the field at Columbus on May 13. The beetles have been emerging in hibernation cages throughout the month and the peak of emergence
occurred cn May 21 at Athens and Columbus.
Alabama. J. M. Robinson (May 24): The Mexican bean beetle is active genorally ever the northern two-thirds of the State.
New Mexico. R. L. Wallis (April): Examinations of hibernation cages for the
period andoed April 30 in the foothills of the Estancia Valley showed that
67.71 percent of the beetles were dead. This is 5.~8 percent lower winter
mortality than the average for the past 5 years.
BEAU LEAF BEETLE (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)
Virginia. L. W. Brannon (May 1): The first bean leaf beetles were observed
feeding on young snap beans in the field at iorfolk on April 25. This is
10 days earlier than this insect was observed feeding in the field in 1934.
Considerable damage was being done in some patches of beans.
South Carolina. W. C. ilettles (May 27): Bean leaf; beetle damage is above
normal over the State.
Georgia. J. B. Gill (May 22): The bean leaf beetle and the spotted cucumber
bootle have been troublesome on the foliage of beans this spring at Tifton.
Ohio. H. C. Masan (May 20): Not as abundant at South Point as in 1934.
Mississippi. C. Lyle (May 23): On April 30 a correspondent at Potts Camp sent
specimens with a report that garden beans were bcin;, severely injured by
them. Additional reports of damage were received from Copiah and Lincoln
SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodoecimpunctata Fab.)
Virginia. L. W. Brannon (May 1): Twelve-spotted cucumber beetles were ebserved feeding in the field at iorfolk en young snap beans for the first
time this season on April 2g. This is 3 days later than the first bootIs
wore observed feeding in 194.
PA=D1) 212A ~T2(Systena tacniata Say)
'Virginia. LI. W. Braiunon (M1ay 1): Adults were observed fordinC, en snap beans
in the !Torf clk area on April 2 Considerable damage was being done t c
the young plants in some counties.
South Carolina. W. J. Reid and C. C'. Parr, (May 24J): Listed according to relative abundance, the chief *cabba&ge insects in the vicinity of Charleston
are the diamond-back moth (Pilutclla maculipennis Curt.), the cabbage locper
(Autngrjh brassicac7 Riley), the imported ,cabbage -worm (kscia rapac LI.), and the cabbage webworif (Heliula "~dalis Fab.). The total infestation of
these insects in an experi mental plan-ting increased from less than C.5
worm per plant en partially headed cabbage on April 2r to- 13.6F worms per plant en headed cabbage on L.ay 24. Only 3 of the last-named species wcrc
f ound on May to 9 in an examination of 7,2CC plants.
ILTORTED CAPPAGE '7CRY (Ascia rapac TL.)
Ohio. R. HI. Dlavidson (M4ay 20): The cabbago butterfly is depositing ,'ggs in
numbers on early cabbage in the vicinity of Clyde.
13. J. Lanidis (M,,ay 23): Imported cabbage worms are resont rn early
cabbage at Columbus. A fe71 Peggs had hatched by M'ay 1.
1Mississdpni. IT. D. Poots (May 23): Injury to cabbage has been mre sve
this year in the truckinL sections of Ccpriah and Lincoln Counaties than in
California. R~. R. Campbell (April 25): Cabbage worms have, boon s'affici-7 ntly
numerous in sr.veral cabbage ficldo. at ruente and Temple City to require
the. aplication of insecticides. *
DI.AMGID-3ACK MOTH (Plutplla rnaculipennis Curt.)
Virginia. H. G. Walker (May 25): The secondary parasit reare~d from- Anitia
he 'lulan Vieor., the para.Gitc attacking the larvae mf the diamend-back moth,
has boon,.- identified by k. 31. Gahan as Euturmaus yiridnscens 'Walsh.
Georgia. J. B. Gill (May 22): The diemond-back moth has been quite cor~xon
in cabbage fields in theo Tiftion district.
Utah. G. F. Kno-w.lton (M-.ay IJ4): Diamond-back moths ar,'o vo-ry abundant in rt st
6districts of northern Utah.d. Larvao- of zall sizes are abundant e-n Sor-hia
~phia, Urta ritis;simra, Chr'irinia rr'panda, and other mustards nearfild
th;At -vl orn bo plan:tn-d to eboeand. ether crop host plants.
JTIZ QTJ11T. BUG (L i Sa g_La histr-innicn. H,- hn)
Virginia. L. W. I;ranno-n (l,,,,y 1): A -ult hcxlequin bugs havr. be-n -b-r,,rvrd
P,,Pding -n: m-r d-kalr plants in thr. fir,l ;%t -Trrfrl' 7incr, APril 5. Thr,
first eGgs ,7c-rr fo-und in the firld --n A,-ril 2' ITc hatching; has bc, n
^bsr.rved t- dat, The datr, -f o-m rgnnc(- and r-virt-siticn thic srasnn is
G,7 .orgia. _,J.,P.' Gill (May 22): Mrz1nquin ca-bbaCc bi)Gs havc, bp.rn ,ccurring
in clamp .,-, rs cm cabbage in the VICIM.Ly rf T'
:7r,,-(, ve rY nl,;M, ,rChio. n. J. Landi.., nd 'H. 0. Mascn (Iv 2.ay _)N, (i L
rrus r)n rzr,-,-,tard at C, l=bus. field i--Irm slight tc mrdrrate damaC --. A fr,,w cf-1- .7erc prcsr.nt -n ,Iay 2('.
A. Price (*, ;y 27): The h,%rlc;q- j-n bu- I as rit -,7 vrral
places in the State, liAably at 1,,,ari,-n, Dnd
Min iooippi, C. Lyle (47-' ay 23): lnsrcct 7r G, I. C1,vcland,
rPpr)rt having ,'b-.e.rvcd sca4u-t,,v:)d iz-ifp tatir)iis
C> JUG ^n
c abb age and turnips. A heavy irf(--.tat-*Pn (If Was
rcportrd rpccntly frcm DiLashulaville.
01ID'IT TIMIPS (Thrips tabaci Lind.
Go orgia. J. D. Gill (May 22): Thn oni-,,n thrips has boon quite prr val, nt in
r nir.n -P;i'u-chc-. at Tiften.
llisissippi. G. L. D,)nd (May 23): in 1,1.'ay 4 1 nr tod srvr= t- rni(-)ns
at Lcakc ville. The trps had turned ycll,,-7 an"' alrrst doad.
H, ,R,13771 -'T I3H
HCR=.ADISH K EA B=TI-E (P-A,-TIrtrcta ,ch)
Michigali, R. Hutsrn (MaY 7): Heavy inf, stairr ns r f h(,,I-C---I',II',.," 3,1' rLtings
Saint Jos, ,ph, in 13, rrinn Or-u-ity, iF,--,rrtrd.
,3"RA.0-ZRRY WEZVIL (Arth,-,n,-rru:- sij,,natus Sv7)
D- la:uare. L. A. Str arn- (-kpril 29): Ror(,rt ci)f ,rll ctivit v frr-rl Pridje!Ville.
Virginia. L. D. Andprs,-)n (1,'ay 1): in maiay fir ldn in th(, I '-7 C1171rch di ztri-ot
th, stra-,,fo,-r-.y wr,,,wil, cprrmrnly cpllcd thf-- "-tr0.,7brrry clipp -r!(, is
causing lns,rs as high as 5r percent ef tiv- s ,ttinj
TRAT,72ERY E-(-jT (Pr .chyrhinus, e.,va+ -7
U t ah. G. F. Knr,,,.ilt(-n (I'ay 24): rrcm 5C to '5 Pcrcc-"A o" the stra-berry rc--t
weevils frund in Salt La cc and Utah Co- ui,"Ae2 had
FLEA '. )
I owa. C. J. Drake (Eay 23): Tl-.c strv-ibcrry flea boctlc (Ilialtica sp.-),'has
bcon reported as cxtremoly abunda.at in stra-.-.,berry fi, lds, at Kcckuk,
Plant are severely damaged by thi ct
Oregon. D. C. Llr-,tlr Flea beetles are up Cn StraWbCrry at
Corvallis. than uzial.
STIRAW3741it-':RY LEAF PCLL, (Ancylis crm-ptana Fropl .
U t ah. G. F. Knowlton 24): 1,1icths are -,,-cry abunLnt in stra--7bcrr.y- latches
in Cache Ccunty, but only moderately abuiida-it in ficlIs ex=in 0 d 1
nrx Rldcr, Davis, Wcb, ,.-, Salt Lake, and Utah Countics.
A '_TEGRO BUG (Th:7rnocoris sp.)
Virginia. L. D. Anderson (Eay 1): Several Iiundrod of thcs' "ncgro
jhyrc.2,coris sp. were found on pla-its and (,n thc Crcund in areas about
2 feet across, and several such spots -7orc found in onn strawberry ficld
I.-w Church. Tr,-ether ,7ith red spiders they -,-iorc causilig the death of
the plant.-, in thcsr, Fmall area(-;.
PEPPER =VIL (Anthoncr-.s f.uLc nii Cano)
Florida. J. R. Watson (,. ay 21): Tho most strE .in, cvenit in durinC,
the month was) the discov(-ry of th, cropper 7c, wil j Ccunt.-. Scout
in,,,,, rnvnalcd its, presence in nrt,-- cvory pepper fL lcl in tho c 'unty, 7tut
none in adjoining cou.itics. to the cr -r of rc Fors is n't
great as ynt but in som of tho fields ct r icd thrc-u,:h th ',-,Litor tho los
is 1()C percent.
DF77T =,=CPP= tr,:iclius Da2:.)
Utah. G. F. 14): Dr(,t loafhopy ,rs 71 I-Cd illt- SUJ Ir
boot fi Id- in Box --1dor and .(-bor C .,u Ati(-:-. TI I n s -c, b,- :, p-lo
dant in -I iy fir lds L.'cst (,f th; s-rociriens haN
f ='a 1 (' s .
TOJ3ACCO FLEA PEETLE (4E 1trix E2,rvula Fab.)
Florida. F. S.' Chamberlin (May 20): The tobacco flea beetle continues to
be unusually scarce in Gadsden County this season.
Tennessee. J. U. Gilmcro (April): Considerable, damage has been" dene by
this pest to trKacco plant beds at Clarksviilre.
11CBACCO DUOL:(Eliohi vireo sc(ns Fab.) Florida. F. S. C:brln(.ay11) The tobacco budworm is more abunda.nrt
in G'adsden County tUhan- usual for this Feriod.
T0LI ATO W0PJA (Phlpgr~thontius sexta Johan.) Florida. F. 3". Chamberlin ('May 11): Small heriiL,-orr .q Irvar. are bcceminG
very abundant in tobacco fields in Gadsden Crunty.
A TOBACCO MOTH (;24estia elutella Hbn.) Virginia. 17. D. Rood ("",V 31): During the first week in LEay when the traps
were put into operation at Richmond, only 3 tobacco moths (E. elutella
lHbn.) were captured. This small number- i-ndicates that the emergence of the spring brood ,-as just be inninE. Thc number of moths canut
each week has risen rapidly, a -total OF' 5,22-~ having bren recorded for
the week ending M11ay 241. It is thought that this moth is nearing the
peak of the spring-breod emergence.
TOBACCO T111IPS (Frankliniella fusca Hinds) Florida. F. 31. Chamberlin (May): Heavy rains have reduced the thrips
population very materially in Gadlsden County.
C OTT011' IY SEC 2:BCLL 7EEVIL (Anthcacmus D--h.
Sruth Carmlina. F. F. B, ndy (,'.,ay 3): Thc, 1,1-11 wc 7,,,"il f--und f din- ,n young cottr-,n at Fl, rencc tr ay, : In 1 th,7 first 7oCvil- -7PrC in
th- field-, -n idlay 21. Wcovils axn rr^rc abundant than in 1c34 and a---ut as
numr rous as in 1933.
Georgia. J. P. Gill 22): Adults havo bf cn trcval,7 nt in c-.tt(,n fields
frr oem( tinic ,.t Ti.L- ,_-n. Ccntrcl measure,.:; are ocin- carried f-ut in scm,
f i r,, 1 ds.
Alabama. J. 11. Rcbinson 24): The b,,11 weevil is m -dcratcly abundant in
the cotton fields in cc ntral and southern Ala1bama.
Mlissisqippi. H. C. Young (May 19): Poll wrrvils, at t1lc, rate r"' 42 per acre,
v7cre found in throe or four fields oxam_;icd in Forrest Cru:aty.
Lpuisiana. MI. T. Young (1,ay): Pe,11 Tervils worc fairly numerous in fi,-lds
of larEr, cotton near favorable hibernation quarter- in thc vicinity "f
Tallulah on May 11. R. C. Gaines reports that fpwci: weevils, ez- rged from
hibcrnaticn caGcs up to May 19 than at any time the paclt 4 years.
Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (May 21): The number of activ "-cll wocvils -t s- rvcd
in hib ,rnatiin cages up to April 30 werc much 1cs'- --'.an i-, lc- 4. in ig;4
a total of 237 active -wc(,vils wcrr cb,,;c2vcd up to this d-'t; 1-ut of
29,0r;n ir-talled. On tho sf.-nc datr in !3.3
3, vc we e v i 1 s r s c r ve d
rut of 35,C00. In 1935, oiily 9 wcfr, cbscrvod out ol:' c2l ,("C. -,-oathor
remains cnld and cot -nn has m adc -poor progress. Much of it will have to b, rcplantod. It appears quite lik- ly that few wopvils have survived the
past wintr.r in Iklahrma, except in th(- (-xtrcmo c -uthrastern par+, of, thr ,
1- tatr,. This fact to-ether -,-:ith the lowcr pcvulatir,_n proocnt in the f iolds b
last fall, moans that ccmpaxativcly. fP7 77oCViLS will br pr ,SE'-nt in the
cotton fields narly the comine season.
T-: xa-. F. L. Th,-mas (May 23): In 1934 wc had next to th- highest rcrcnta9c
rf rmcrcrncr of boll ,veevil- fir 1(' yrars, i7ith very little inj'ary t,
cotton during the scam-)n. This y ,ar the indications arf- that W
havr a very low cm(,rFoico, if not Anxt to the lcwcst, and an c-portunity
t,) sor, the rcl-lults, follnwinj a vor.y wot May.
R. W. Mnrrland (May): An avorz g -f 1 boll wcovil to 5S plants on
Upland cotton, and 1 to 64 plants on bottom land, near timber, in th
vicinity rf Cill-ge Station was rcpnrtod on May 11. wervils ,-or(' fl-xii
,,n bottom-land cotton at a Crcater distencr, from timber. K. F. FwinC aid
L. McGarr fnund no weevils in fields (_;xamincd in Calhoun and Victcria.
rn 11ay 19.
THMZRIA =VIL (Anthnnomus _CEandir. thu ',,eria,, Firrcr)
,Ax i z o na. T. P. Cassidy (Fobruary 20: An annual (,xariination is made in a fi'd
of cctt,-)n P-rown for x-nerimrntal rurnonon at Tucson. to dctrrmino tha n,=-ccr
of weevils produced during the season from a known number of weevils introduced into the field, and also the number of weevils that hibernated in the field. The examination of the 1934 crop was made from January 2 to 7, 1935.
A total of 5,196 bolls were collected, 4,054 from the plants and 1,142 from
the ground. From these bolls 121 weevil stages were found and 82, or
67.77 percent, were alive. A total of 170 weevil cells were found and 49 wore empty. It was found that 2.79 percent of the bolls from the plants
contained weevil cells or stages and 2.45 percent of the bolls from the
ground were infested. AlthouCh this examination shows that the percentage
of live wieovils present is normal, the weevil population produced in the
field is below normal, as compared. to the population produced in the same
field since 1926. Another examination showed that the infestation was below normal in the 1934 crop, as compared to the infestation records kept
in the same field since 1930. The comparatively low infestations in domestic cotton in 1934 is attributed to drought in southeastern Arizona during
the growing season and to an abnormally low weevil population in Thurbcria
plants in the mountains. Surveys made in four mountain ranges in southeastern Arizona during Jaauary and early February show that the weevil population present in Thurberia plants is normal. This indicates that a
normal weevil infestation may be expected in domestic cotton plantings in
southeastern Arizona this year, provided rainfall is normal during July and
August, affording sufficient moisture to release the weevils from their
Texas, Arizona, and Mexico. R. E. McDonald (May 13): L. B. Coffin reports
that cut;worms are doing considerable damage to the field cotton in the
Presidio section of Texas, but so far they have not damaged the trap-plot cotton. Some of the farmers intend to use poison, but in any case it will be necessary to replant some of the fields. The worms are also doing some
damage on the Mexican side, and one ranch will have to replant about 40
acres. S. D. Smith writes that cutworms are very numerous in the Tucson,
Ariz., district this year, and that some replanting will be necessary.
Texas. K. P. Ewing and R. L. MlcGarr (May 24): Considerable injury to young
cotton by cutworms in the vicinity of Port Lavaca was reported during April and early in May. Most of the material submitted was determined tentatively
as Arotis .psilon Rott., an Feltia malefida Gucn., although many of the specimens were abnormal aad many represent closely related species. Included with the cutworm specimens were a few specimens of Heliothis obsoletFab. and Prodonia sp. (probably a very dark form of P. ornithogalli Guca.).
(Det. by C. Heinrich.)
SALT-MARSH CATEPILR (Estimene acraea Drury)
Texas. R. L. McGarr (May 24): The salt-marsh caterpillar caused considerable
damage to young cotton in Calhoun County in April. (Dot. by C. Heinrich
as dark specimens of E. acraea.)
CCT'TCiT LE.LF WCIT (Ala 7?ra arrillpcra 171n.
T :a s. K. r E-7ing and R. L. 1,.Ic^arr ('May 25):17ifst leaf -7crrns r. thr -,as-n
,7nro found on cntt(-!' 5 mil'- s sr-uth of Prrt Lavaca in Calhcun Ce-unty tcday.
F(-,ur -.7orm- ;7o.re, feuad, three webbing to pupate. (Det. by C. Hr enrich.) (Juw 1): Leaf -.7orms have 1r,,on found i-n Calhoun, Victcria, Rnfjri -, and
Drooks Counties. This insect -,7as found in t-.7o np,7 fields in Calhoun
County this -,7nck.
South Carolina. C. F. Rain-.7at, r (!,.,ay 1): Thrre 70ecips of r,.,c,,t lice, th
whito cotton root louso (Trifid jhis r4aZr,-_rli iass. ), the green c.tten
root louse (AnurE2his maiCi-radicis Forbos), and the bre,,7nish-pu7ic crttcn
r?-,-t lous (.-R1Airnalnsi-hum sp.), have bnr n fouxid on c tton at Flcr(,-icc
and a Great dcal of &ima-e is rcsultinC fr(-m t-qcm. IIncy are much =rc
numr rnus than*thoy -,7ern last yoar. Thcre is hardly a field in this immcdiate vicinity -.7herc tho cotton is up that is not infested by one cr morc
species of root lruse. As -.7as truo last yoar, the 77ilitc cotton root lcuso is more abundraat in this immediate vicinity than either of the others and
is causing mr,-t of the dam.a, c at the present tiric.
7. C. Nottlrs (11- .ay 27): The cotten root aphid has been rcpcrt(-d fr(-M
thr, astrrn half of the State.
Egypt. A. H. Rcsonf, ld (':'ay 9): Th, principal ontrmcl(lt1. ,ic,-l feature hcre for
April -,7a-, the pr,-valnilen of the crtton thr.*Lp, in vast areas -f -11 prnvincer
durinG the abnormally cool first half of tho mvnt1-. The attack was, particularly gnncral in the Dnltua and. the province of the Faycum, -an oasislike
aro.a alrut 35 miles southri,,st of Cairo, boinC, especially swc re en early
plantrsd crr -os. It subsided 7-ith excepticnC11y hot -7cath -r of the f inal
wnrk of April and at t1nr bc-innin-, of lv.'ay .7as difficult to. find. IT scme
area.. 5P percent rpplantinZ was necessary.
CO TIT017 FLE.N HOPPER (r Sallus scriatus Rout.
Toxas. X. P. B-7in- and R. L. McGarr (April): Hatching r)f cotton flea hoppers
from werwint(--,rin,-, r-r-s bet;an at Port Lavaca on February 19. The emorg-rnco
wan light, howrwei,, during Fc bruary and the narly pt rt of March, rith thn
peak of nmorge.lice occurring from April *" to 9. Durir,- April -,Sr95 :-,yp hs
qcrro.d, as compared to 22,9,S7 from similar caEr,7, last year. Crotn)n plants
c0l1cctnd last SPptr mbnr averaged 251 ny=ph- per 1CO plants, whereas, thnso
cr llect '.d from October 9 to IT,7wrmbor 3 averaod 1,22r', per 1CC plnalt4s.
Flich-'- scr,,Pns to detcrmi-nn migration of flea h ,,ppcrs were placed in cpor;;-tion on April 19 and durijE -.6
the remainder of the month a4 av erare cf floa hcpp,-rs --i, ,,re cauC;ht per screen. The corrospondiiig fiCarcs -ere in
1)','4 rwd 102.5 in 1933. (1 ,v 25): Flea hr ppcr infcstaticn crntinuer t
0,7)mparativr ly li,:ht at Port Lavaca. "70 heavy migration into Cnttcn
dlarinC woek. Infestation incrnasint, rapidly on -7rcd host plants, espcciallY
on horsemint. Horsemint is more abundant this year than during the
past 2 years.
F. L. Thomas (May 23): The hatching or emergence of .flea hoppers
from croton weeds prior to May 16 was slightly greater than the aver1 e, but the number emerging per 100 weeds during the first 2 weeks
of May exceeds that of any ether year since 1925.
PINK BOLLWORM (Pectinophora gossypiella Saund.)
Mexico. C., S. Rude (May 28): Infestation is very light at Tlahualile,
Durango, less than 1 percent in squares. Yo bolls are yet available
BEET ARMYWORM (Laphygma exigua Hbn.)
Arizona. '. A. Stevenson (May 24): Reports of May 18 indicate that considerable loss has recently been caused to the young cotton in the
Tucson district. The caterpillars fooeed principally on the seed leaves of the cotton but in rare instances feed on the budsand stems, killing the young plants. Where the leaves are destroyed and the bud~kept intact, the plants will undoubtedly recover if irrigated. However, the
cotton will be set back about 2 weeks. Approximately 2(0 acros of
cotton have been replanted in the Tucson district owing to the ravages
of these worms, and the majority of the farmers have given their cotton
an extra early irrigation to help it recover. Similar damage has been reported from the Salt River Valley, especially from the western part..
Texas. A. J. Chapman (May 24): Reports of May 18 state that cutworms
have injured young cotton considerably during the past week. It is
estimated that about 100 acres of cotton was replanted in the vicinity
of Presidio because of cutworm injury. Severe infestations have been
noted in several alfalfa fields. Farmers are trying various methods
of control--irrigatimg, poisoning, and cultivating. (Det. by C. Heinrich.) (June 1): Parasites are exercising considerable control.
In one alfalfa field under observation large numbers of dead parasitized worms were found. It is doubted that this armyworm will cause
further damage in this area this year.
California. R. E. Campbell (May 1): The beet armyworm is rather abundant on sugar beets in the El Monte district, requiring the application of baits in a number of fields. Stands were so reduced in several untreated fields that beets were plowed up.
S. Lockwood (May 24): The boet armyworm has been respnsible for some
rather srvere but local loss to cotton Crowers in Xcrii and Tularr Countif-,s. Last week it seemed that a censidforable quantity tnf cc-tton in that
area would be destrcycd, but for reaso)ns unascertained almost the. entire
population of worms has been kill;,d.
Mexico. C. S. Rudn (May 29): Considerable damage is being done at Tlahmlilo, Durango, by a larva very much like the bect armyvworm (L. flx4ia)
FOCR E ST A1T D S 1A D E T R I IT FCT S
PE7RIODICAL CICADA (Yarzicicada sptrndecim L.)
!Torth Carolina. Z. P. Metcalf (M~ayr 25): The 17-year locust has been riportod
from Vienna, Forsyth County, and Pin;y Crook and Laurel Sprin,-gs, Allog~hay
County, and from Surry County. (Juno 14): I have just returned frcm the
northweostern part of the State andi I have found them at thr fo ,lo ,ing
places: 71orth of Mount Airy and at flobsons, in Surry County; nnrth.7est of State Road in Wilkes County; near Roaring Gap, in beth Wilkes and Alleghany
Counties; near Sparta, Whitehead, and Tw.in Oaks in Lilo1ghany County; in
Ash County; weist of Deep Gap in Watauga Ccunty; and in western Wilkes
County west of the Yadki~n River.
R. W. Leiby (June 3): The periodical cicada was present in Watauga
and Wilkes Counties late in Mayf.
Virginia. W. J. Schoenn (May 25): The 17-year locust is appearing in Augusta
County we.st of Staunton, and in Roanoke, Franklin, and wythe Coun-ties.
H. G~. Walker (May 25): Thn iacwspancrs in .Torfolk report that the
cicadas are appearinEg in great abundance in the south,.7storn part ef the
Z. P. Metcalf (June 14): The periodical cicada has bpen rnpirted
from the fillo;7in, Counties:. Wyth-i, Pulask-i, EMontgomery, Roanokoc, Franklin, and Pittsylvania.
Wmost Virgirnia. F. 17. Craig (May 29): Tho periodical cicada was repo'rted on
good authority ai remer(ging at Whiti Sulphur Springs en May 22.
G'IAIT APHID (L:)ngistia caryrao Earr'.)
Ve7cst Virr-inia. F. '17. Craig (M1ay 25j): This is one of the rutstanuding pests
of the month. It has been obse-rved on sycamrr and linden iii Charl'sto'n
and Huntington. Several people havn ccmplainod of the, honeydew, dripping from the trees.
FOMLST TE1ZiT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.)
11issPi-sippi. E. W. Gcmrmr (1,May I(,): The forest tent caterpillar is d,'fcliating red and blackjack oak, digo7od, red gumi, and black Caim in rcarl
Louiisiana. T. E. Snyder (May IC): The forest tent caterpillar is general
and abundant in northern Saint Tammany Parish and. eastern Washington Farish, feeding principally on black gum and red um. The caks are little touched. There have been complaints of extensive defoliation of shadle
traces in Bogalusa.
CAD1R WORMS (Gecmotridae)
Con-aecticut. WV. E. Britton (M.ay 23): Larvae of Alsophila pcmetaria Harr.
are now abundant around oTew: Haven and are feeding on deciduous trees.
Ccnnecticut and lTe.w York. E. P. Felt (May 23): The fall canker worm is
developing in numbers in southwestern Connecticut and southeastern 1Te,!
York, especially on the margins of areas badly infested last year.
Ohio. T. H. Parks (May 25): Fall canker formss in more than usual numbers
are feeding on elm foliage on the grounds of one of the country clubs
Iowa. C. J. Drake (May 23): Undetermined species of canker worms are bundant in orchards and timbered areas in the southern half of the State,
where considerable damage is being done.
Missouri. L. Baseman (May 25): Light infestations of canker worms are occurring in scmc orchards. The larvae are about full-greom.
GYPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (May 25): A high percentage of hatch was observed in
a colony at Vernon, in Windham County, on May 22.
General. A. F. Burgess (May): The first hatching of gy-psy moth egg clusters
took place slightly earlier this year than in 1934. In tiee Pennsylvania
infested area the first hatching was on April 27. This is several days
earlier than last year. In a number of towns immediately cast of Greenfield, Mass., first hatching occurred on Mlay 1, 3 days earlier than in
19334. Up to the middle of May hatching was extremely variable, 1.ith many
clusters just beginning to hatch on the latter date and many others not
started. The larvae from the first clusters that hatched remained clustered on and around the masses from which they had come for periods up to
a wook or l0 days.
SALIOIT FLY (Taeniopteryx pacifica Bks.)
Idaho. J. C. Evendon (May 23): Every spring this insect appears on the foliage of deciduous trees and shrubs on the shore of Cocur d'Alcne Lake,
being quite numerous for a few days and causing considerable damage.
UAL17,JT SCA= ( ,snidictus juglansr ,,Ciap Ccmst.
! c-! J,=Py and W, st VirCinia. 7a. P. Fe lt 23): Tlh, English -.7alvat scal, ,
fnund in ScT",c numberss r-i white,, oak t-.7ig- at Engl d, J and. i
vcry Lcij,,rficus numb(-rs or -oft maplos, at Charlr..stoii, W. 'Va.
BRO',TZE BEICH 13011ER (AE ili s azixius Gcry)
Ponnsylvania. 'E. P. Frlt 23): The bronze birch bnrer was fcund t, bc
abundant in a birch in tho cnvirnnn of Philadclphia.
B CX" =
ZY:XTLD1*_R APHID (Ppriphyllus negandinis Thos.
7 ,-.t Virtf-inia. F. W. Oj aig (1 4ay 29): This is one rf thc outstandingng insect
y_,ots cf th, month, havin,, bc e,,n rrportcd as abundant in Charlrstcn and
Huntington and also in lcs-or abundance in B,.cklcy and Plul ficld.
C YPRE Is S
A ').L'., r LY (Ilenthrodinidac)
Cali-fornia. R. R. Campbr ll (!,,.ay 15): 'T rcus r,., pcrts e f larvai, -f an u:,,iclctnrT,,inr.d -T)e cins of sa- 7fly rn. c.,rprcss trp.cs and h(-,djr-,s at Alha=ltra 7cr"
v ccivnd tho latter of April and oarly in ..'av. (This may b,- Susana
lloh-7., jud-in- frrm thr. filr s nf the Ias, -ct Post
A DARK D7,7TLE (-"ce7lytus multi7triatus 1ar .-h. lTow Ynrl-, IT--, Jr, ,r
., _r:7cy, a:-16 r -,,risylvaaiia. F. M. (',-'ay 1 1): Thf. fc1l"wing
r(,c,-rd-, cf this b rk b-1ntln arn bpinE; submittnrl: Tiitc Plains and Saint
,tatr .,jajd), IT. Y.; TR -rkl ,,y Hn.ights, Pcrnardsvill,-, Pnand
13r( -)k, Chatham., Rast Ora. 4,,c *,.7a.t,,r Rnsnrvoir, nr ar qnuth Crangn,
Grnnn Villag GriggStn%-!n, HiC hland Park, La-,rrnncr,,villo, Littlr Falls,
lladisrn, 1f.nnrrst,-)-vn, llnrriotown, Futloy, P -)quannnck, Frincr tnn, and 77hitC
and, v'_Ith-uc i -,in sp(7.cim,--_is 7j( rc nbtain(-i, thcre 7crr, trac,-.7 rf infnstatir)n at Ilnpc-7cll, Riderwnod, and Rcsclanel, ---. J. ; in Fairr-,-iuit Fark
in Philadnlphia, and at Radnor, Pri,
ELL. L]7AF Dl_ '7",LE (qP,!:frucclla xanthnmnlaena qchr,
1,,ao:,ach-asr tt:-. J. V. -Ichaffn-r, Jr. 21): bC('tlC1S '7CrO issulnj froM
liibnrnatirn nn I Iay 11, and issuanen incrrasr d ronsidcrably rn it- x1d
'7. Thc first fn ,diu- in thn ficld was iintiord at Woln= rn I.q.
Connecticut. W. E. Britton (May 23): Hibernating adults at Ansonia, Danielson, Uiddlcto -,n, 11Ic-i Britain, and I.Vest H,-u tfcrrl indicate that the boctlcs
have come throujli the -7intcr succQssf-,,,11,',,
!Torth Carolina. R. W. Loiby 13): Chinosc olms used as ornamental shrubss
arc suffering noticcablo injury.
California. Monthly News Bull. Kcrzi Cnunty A&r. Comm- (NaY 3): ir t (.lm
leaf beetles -.7erc found on April 29. This is 1 month later than the
bcotlos 7erc found last year.
ELM B01M (Saperda tridentate Cliv.)
Misscuri. L. Hasomwi (1.1ay 22): Adiilts -,7erc taken fr"'m cells und.cr the bark
of elm trees at Cclxnbia on May 15.
!Tcbraska.. 111. H. Swenk (May 20): T-4'.ic elm borcr Tass rencrtcd thc,,. last !cck in
April all havinC killed scmr younC olm trees in Gagv County.
A FIZ BE2 TLE (Ealtica sp. )
Maine. H. B. Ppirson (May 20): A very heavy infestation nf flea bont1cs
(Haltica sp.) on American elm was observed at Harmony o:,.i April 22.
EUROPMU ELM SCALE- (Gnssy-paria spi)ri Ilod.
I-Tow York. P. J. Parrott (11.ay 20): TAc elm bark scale is apparently bncomin,g
more numerous in ,-,T(-otcrn Yew York. The first generation is r-,--),,7 pr(,scnt
on the trees.
Ohio. T. 11. Parks (I'lRy 25): Thr, "XiJuro-ocan elm scale is resuming it's fc 'ding
on American r lms in tile city parks of Col-Lun'bus and is quite crn';.0icunI)s
on the lower branches of yoirip, tr(-- es. This is the most serious -,lm r'-st
Utah. G. F. 1,,'nowlton (mazr 14): The Eur(-,-poan -,Im scalo is de-'MaCing olms at
Logan and Salt Lal :-- City.
EUIROPEAIT, FRUIT =CA17IUM (Lecani-xn cor--,-li Bouchft)
Oklahoma. F. A. F,---iton (May 22): Thr Euxopcan Ipcaniwn is unusually abundevlt
ou nlms. 14azy rr,,qu(-zts havn br cn received for control moasuros.
A SkWFLY (IToodiprion 11,Uddlnton)
Ovgon. F. C. Craighnad (April): Thf- sa:afly which was discovered in kugust
a, vily dnfoliE,.tiN thr, wcstnrn hor.lockn r)n ap-pr.,ximatcly 1G,0("(
%cros alonC, the sloppy of thn Crancadnn i-ii Orercai, hr:,, br;cii idnntifif d by
Wza. 14iaaip.tot a ; hin ncr.iiy r1cir.cribrA np(-,cins. The dnfoliatn.d arr.a -,-!,Is
thin month by R. L. F(ixzdzv -In ca-,I-( r to d-otnrxi; i(- thn pr,: ,nnt
status of the infestation and to collect additional information rn the
life history of the species. It was found that there had been no additional defoliation subsequent to the first examination, that practically no cocoons remained on the twigs, needles, or other exposed places, and
that most of the cocoons on the ground were abandoned. 17To living sawflies wore found, except a few overwintering larvae in cocoons. These
appeared to be held-overs frcm the main emergence of last fall. The
conditions of the trees strengthened the belief that but slight timber
losses will occur in this area.
A BARC BORER (Melanophila fulvogattata Harr.)
icw York. P. M. Eastman (May 25): The spotted hemlock borer is very prevalent on hemlock in our amusement park known as Briggs Grove in Baldwinsvillo. This borer has booeen reported as quite abundant in the vicinity
of the Thousand Islands.
LARCH CAGE BEARER (Coloophora laricella Ebn.)
Maine. H. B. Poeirson (May 20): The larch case bearer was observed in the
vicinity of Augusta on May 17. The larvae moved into new foliage and
were feeding a great deal. The foliage was already becoming grayish
but no browning was seen.
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (May 25): Moderately heavy feeding by the larch case
bearer was observed on now foliage at Woodstock, Windsor County, and also
in Rutland County. Some trees near Rutland that have been infested for
several years are apparently dead.
New England and New York. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (April): The infestation
of the larch case bearer still persists, after 3 years, in 11 permanent
sanple plots located in 1Tew England and 3.ew York.
HORNRUD OAK GALL (Andricus cornigerus 0. 3.)
Connecticut and ITew York. E. P. Felt (May 23): The horned oak gall occurs
on pin oak somewhat generally in southwestern Connecticut and southeastern New York, occasionally bning quite prevalent upon individual trees
or groups of trees.
Missizsippi. J. Milton (May 9): Galls caused by A. cnrnigras are very abundant on water oak trees at Jackson.
WHITE nAK CLUP GALL (Andricus clavaulus 0. 3.)
Tew Jero.oy. E. P. Felt (May 23): The white ak club gall is somewhat abundant on a white oak at Engclewoecd.
PIBE BARK APHID (Pineus strobi Etg,)
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (May 21): The pine bark louse seems to be very
abundant everywhere this spring 'here white and iNorway pine are growing.
PIE INEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)
Connecticut. E. P. Felt (May 23): The pine leaf scale is generally present
on mugho and Austrian pines in particular. A heavy infestation has been
noted at Hartford.
Ohio. E. W'. Mndenhall (May 14): The pine leaf scale is abundant on Scotch,
Austrian, mugho, and other species of pine in Cuyahrga County.
Iowa. C, J. Drake (May 23): The winter mortality of the pine leaf scale
is quite high in central Iowa. We found only two living eggs under 4CO
scales at Ames.
Hebraska. M. H. Swenk (May 20): Spruce twigs infested by the pine leaf
scale were sent from Dixon County on April 26.
SCOTCH PITE SCALE (Toumeyella numismaticum Pettit & McDaniel)
Wisconsin. E. L. Chambers (May 21): Jack pine throughout the central part
of the State seems quite generally infeste! with the Scotch pine scale,
and in Adams and Juneau Counties many trees have been killed as a result
SYCAMORE SCALE (Stomacoccus platani Ferris)
California. R. E. Campbell (May 15): During the latter part of April and
the first part of May numerous complaints were received regarding
leather-winged beetles, Cantharis censors Lec., particularly on sycamores at Alhambra. An examination proved that these beetles were feeding on a small coccid, probably S. plataii. Although considered a beneficial insect, they proved to be of considerable annoyance in many backyard sycamores. One tree not over 15 fooeet high was treated. Sovera
square-foot counts of the beetles on the ground under the tree after treatment showed that this comparatively small tree had over 25,000
beetles on it.
EUROPEAN WILLOW BEETLE (Plagiodera versicol ra Laich.)
Massachusetts. J. V. Schaffnor, Jr. (May 21): Adultis of the imported willorw
leef beetle were found active on May 12 in Melrose and eggs were noted on the 14th. This species oneis to be fully as abundant as last year.
I IT S E 0 T S A F 7 7 1 7 7 0 7j
A X D 0 R IT A 1. :T T A L P L A U T 3
302T SCALE (Coc6us hespr-Vidum.L.)
,Tc7 York. R. Horsey (Jan7aary 29): Scale f cund on leaves czf' agave and
yucca taken from a grecnhoiise suc6ulc-nt collection in "Rochester,
scale appear to be common and spreading.
BA=RRY APHIZ (Rh2palosipjLum berberidis Kalt.
avy infestation on a Japanese barConnecticut, W. E. 3 itton (,',Iay 23): He
berry hr'dec in ,Tc-7 Have:-_.
CYCLA:-MY 1.2'-7 (Taxsonemus pallidus
Connecticut. -. P. Felt (1.1ay 23): 71ho cycla:ic.. mite is beccmiae troublesome on delphinium at 5ta;nfor".
GLAD I OLITS
GLLDIOLUS -T':::IIPS (Tnacniothrri-ps gladioli. 'E. & S.
7i iconsin. 7. L. Chamber,-, (',''ay .21): Go-cral inquiries are bcinf received
for control of the --laliolus thrips, and specimc--ts sc,-it in indicate t1lat
man-,r t' ovcrwinterod in storaCo.
ASH-GPAY 13LIST'-7--. ==- Q..acrfoasis unicolnl' Mov.
FlQrir; a. E. 77. Bcrccr aaid G. 23. 11' crrill (I:ay 21): Scvcrely Lttackod several
holly trees (Ile: z opac a:v', 1. dahoon) at P.-adiso oar Gainesville.
The o-7nor states that this is tii, fifth succossivc vear th,:-so beetles .'-avo
appeared on his holly.
I R I S
IRIS 71 (3ro,-patothri-os iridis
T'.c hibornatin adults of thr iris P. -2. -Iniilv'i (:,.'a 11): v
a larGc' pla-ItLILI in !3,.,oo1"ly'n are loss than in 19 1'
firr"'--L 'norati'-)n OffsprLi.'-' rnac1iod the pupal st l c ted,"-T. YowiCr. .r
Wo I tho tylDical of thr leaves --.as bc,, 'Ve MOVO numcroas a l
c 0 Mi 11C '- v i do 11t
A PELOX BUG (Lopidea davisi Knight) Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (May 28): The phlox plant bug (L. davisi) has ben
reported as very injurious to cultivated phlox at Bone Gap.
REDBUD APEID (Ah pawnoepae Hottes)
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (LMay 25): The redbud aphid was found on May 4 infesting the larger twigs on a small redbud tree (Cercis canadensis) at Manhattan. This is the first time it has been reported from Manhattan,
although it has been learned that one tree rn the college campus was infested last year. This occurrence is significant because of the fact that the native redbud has been comparatively free from insect pests.
The aphids infest the underside of the twigs.
GRAPEVIE HOPLIA (Hoplia callipygo Lec.) California. H. C. Denohoo (May 9): The grapevine hoplia has appeared in
the Fresno area in more than usual spring abundance during the past 10
days. As many as 34 adults have been found feeding on a single rose
A SCARABAEID (Serica fimbriata Lee.)
California. R. E. Campbell (:,ay 14): Beetles are so numerous on roses and
pyracantha at San Gabriel as to practically defoliate them.
SNOW93ALL APHID (A-phis viburnicola Gill.) Minnesota. A. G. Ruggles (May 23): The snowball aphid is unusually abundant around Minneapolis and Saint Paul.
SPIRAEA APHID (Apji s piraecola Patch) ilebraska. M. H. Swenk (April 20 to :,ay 20); On May 9 a report of the
Spiraea aphid working on spirca. plants was received from Garfield County.
TULIP APHID (Rhopalosiphoninus tulipella Theo.)
Washington. E. 0. Essig (April 24): The aphids were sent to me on Hovember
14, 1934, by J. F. Curry, of the California State Department of A~riculture.
He st:- of
7- -1-1' 7 du!, Is
was, I eyarrine-' myself. Cinl"
rere collected I hr.vp S076 mou."Itlerl n
s-pecies an-nepr to be t.-_iliT)e1Ip and re Tell.
3U, :3 "J'n7 (:I ,iZ 7 A,0--lyrIyas _yacinthi
I T 0 1 r!, s Z9 S7e.--",: (Ai)ril 20 to Y.allr 20): Da 1 i inf
tulb mites 7cre received on fro,,a G,_, ,Fe an"I S,6 I i
1 11 S E 0 T S A T T A IV' X I N Gx :,' A A 17 7
D 0 1!, Z S T I C A I M A I*j S
S lates sp
7 C Cu s: i n =_I, 'S
Indipna. J. J. On 1 ,)un'*:-1es Tere rercrte 'r(rn Ln
i-acre the- e
s-orinz tlle las- of Anri'l or tlae first of 7 *"1 e C, r 0 -n e t 1- e
-norts t---t t -,ur c n- -a 7 L
e d -rr-,,-t de!-"L o- nnno-in-e lns' --r.
TROI ICAL --,iAT (Li-pon:L-sas bqcoti Hirst.
Tort'. Cqrolln- ,. "lie corn, 0
mite is tn fourt"i in t.'ie r7 s' V -s
from. .s )oin'ls in '-rolinn.
Kj'i.CK 71DC" : SPIDER (; Ljrodectus grictan 7ab.
S ,),ata C, rol.ino. C. 7,Tettles nd 17. S' aern-n r t C f
fror- 'bites of t'lic
s tLtini tvio n t 1 Z7 r c o t e d F r i 7 I
7 S 7, 1r) 1-) i t
lAcl t,-- ro --r 'i one Or ,,--r) s wh re a n ",it- L.
1 1 c,i t i () n.
A!.,! E R 10 A7 D 0 G T I Q le r -y c e, ,1 t o v!?, i i i b i 1- -1 s Sn
Via r Y 1 a n d 3. '.1% Cor.v (A-nril 2c,,): Youn,", wood ticks are i!l 10T
age ,,t Public Landing.
he rb P I
SCIREW *Muls (Loc? liomyi, S-0-0.
Florida. J. R.-17atso-, T): Scre,,,T v.,orm dam, F-e is on tl-ie increase
and comT)lai.nts are comin,- frorn fart"aer south in th(-, Stat, t-lan
during the last 2' years. It appears likely ,- that dnma ,e vill be full.-,r
as severe as it has been for 2 years.
General. E. C. "Ilus.ling (June r-): 1 ;. states that in Yloridn
scre worm cases are increqsiricr ra-oidl- in most coii;ities. Fifteen
hundred cases have been reported from Alachua C/ounty and the outbreak: extends as f, r south as the "'aloosa.1atchcc. and Saint Dacie .01-Inty. F. A. Roberts states t1iat in Geor, J%, t1'ie outbre, 1 7 is centered in the s outh- cent ra 1 countie-., wit:.i sc! touredd casGj as f, ,.r nort'll as
Lincoln Court ,r. Total cases re-)orted. from State !Ire 141, in
cattle, 101 in hov,3, 110 in 1-lorses, 12 in s'leen) 7 i, do,17s, and 1 i-,,
man. W. JO Snic-er onli. "Izht ,nfost! -LAons in enst -.1
but t'ae number o,' casz .s is increr.,sin-.
Texas. E. Paris.i (D:n7r 2 ): T' Ie s crew worm has -reatl.7- incr ,- a !.ed i.numbers durinEr-, the pas u- -,nont+ ,i. About 91" .,)erc,--,n' of e flies ta-ken in t-de traps belon,---,; to C. mace 1 -barl a Frrb. .2rom a 1-qunrt sample of
flies taken from the status r. k, an -,)er,,)t .d at eiaar ',, t'-,aree were
americana C-ashin,7 and, Patton.
HORIT FL'-'r (Haernatobla irritants L.
'4i ssi s si-p-ni C. LIrle (11'11,'17 2.3 C- Insnector G. L. report.,.; th,?t 1.10-n
flies are r,tther abundant and -re ouite, -inno7,-i+-i, -- to c!ittlc in t.-ie
vicinities of ITIoss Point an T
1H s s ouri L. P2): Tie horn flr is alre )d- abiindnnt Pnd is
causin., cattle i-nuc+!:i annoyance.
SHOR"I'-'MSED CAT.7=7 1 0,')SZ nu
gninug eurys'lei.---sk), V. 11. Swen+,- (1,a- )r):
7ebr, Tle czh )rt-nosed castle louso wn- r notedtd
Lnfestin -- cattle i+. i Hr ll Count-Ir
BEAV71P P --l.JST -E (1;1 ?ty-nSyIla Cnstoris
1111chi-an. R. Hutson (7, ,a7, On nril. 16 "1". 7. '7,33bbs rcnortcd a slie-ht
infestation of beaver ra site.,: in *:,irq-aett-1 -- Cminty.
S= P BCTFLY (Oestrus ovis L.)
V, P shi n,--ton. 14- F- Sta, 7e (May 21): The !'.eath of O or LO deer, on -. ---e
reserve in Pend Oreille 'ounty, was prob!, 'oly caused by the sheen
flv 1,.)ke in 14arch and ear 77 in Arril. Frorn k,
1 150 to 200 of 'he larvae
were reported to hav.o left the nose I of a single deer after its deat'-,1#
All of the animals found dead Tere yearlings.
HOUSEHOLD AND STORED- PRODIT11 17, S I SE S
1-1 1 / IT
TEE1,'ITES (-Retic-,;.litermes s-o-Q.
Massachusetts. J. 7. Schaffner, Jr. V1, a :- 21 Three inq-,iirips have been
received from near Poston recentl-,T- re :ar,'A.u- term,tez and the methods
of extermination, ; thern from buildin,--s.
Rhode Island. A. '. Stene 20): great many complaints have been
sent in rep-rding darnap e from termites. These insect's liave been -oresent
in the State for a Fr6at many years but re-gcrs of dama -e to buildin'::S
have been relatively scarce until this ye, r.
Connecticuit. 1% Turner anal 14. P. Zanne (Ma-,7 2'3): Reports from the entire
State indicate that damage from R. fl,-vIres --Kol. is Ancreasinr-*
Pennsvlvania. 11. Z. Hodc,,kiss (May 21): Tnf est,,- t ions of termites a-C beint;
rei)orted rather generally tlnroil hout the State this surinz-, on "..e
three or four inquiries on cont-ol 1)ractices cominL in Teek.
lan d E. IT. Cory (May): Winged feTyAles and miFles t,- 'cen in at.
Oxford on A-ril 25. Termil,"s wc,- reported from InnaJolis, on A-ril 2"
and from Baltimore, on 14.9v 3.5.
Vlri.7inia. H. G. 7;,7tlker 25): Wo have .-ecuived quite i 1-1r.-:-- of
calls for information nlboi, t ternrites, in the vil-init- Cf
the -past 2 rnonths.
Ohio. H. C" Yason Wir:" -d termites --ire ab-,n1'1-. t ir. t ,., ity
section of Coli"U.1-b'as.
I n d nr J. J. Da,., i's (11.a, 21-)): Inq-.-1A.-ies rc, -7-rding tcrmitcs'!-Lvc lv en
ev( n moru numcrrras t l-in P -voqr azo. Wie receive more nbolit
tfiis insect t",,in ny one ins ,ct, nd tho, come frc 7, ev,-rv r:,.rt of
Illinois. W. P. FlAnt "20): Renorts loy termites nre
r -,rcived in rraic.h narrbors t.1-,-, tirne durin,', t*- C, 1aFt
e,-i r c-, Durln,, rc ,orts of di7:i-,-e ::,-rc receiv-ed,
Viisconsin. C. L.- Fl,;.!-.e (Ma-,7 ?2).- Tertrites re-oorted darrz:-ing house foundations at, Delav n.
Nebraska. M. H. SwenI- (Arril .-)n to I iay n): Renorts concerning r,-,,t-,,.er
severe infest,3tions of termites, R. tibialis 31ks., contir-,ed to be receive during the period here covered.
Kansis. B. Listov 11): quite an outbr(:-.a'-- of termite s at 7;icril+,! this
Texas. F. L. Thomas Ma7- 21): Termites in resIdences re-ported from Eynum
A- -:S (Formicidae)
"Teorgin. 1,.'. R. Smith (Ma,., 21): S-oecirrenc Of nmoonotus Larya-, Fi-tc'I,
Formica, pallide-fulva schaufi;ssj.. 14ayr, and -0L, a7 1,=
P e r F% w e r e s e -,-, t i n - m M i 1 n ,,.r 'b- I L. -- i s e l'I o ob-tpinea t..F7r, frorr
the stornac'--i of o yellow-bel].W, sans-acker. He also sent- snecirnens of
Ph,-ra-ol-lls ant -oharaonis. L.), he, stated. were colonized.
in a bundle )f ne7, prt,)er
Alabama. M. R. S7ri 1 t, '--I ( I r o T., 2 1 % Yates) of Fair"ione, wrote me th!- tv t1-C
imported South Americriln fire ant Sole=2is s ,ev richteri Forel.)
aid considerable, -;.-o potato, -nn sP-tsurr.--,,s the-e iurin,
February and I.r,-- rch. He st, tes t1lat these nts ,, o do,,,,,n b nlow 'lie s,,:-face
of the grol-;nd or, cabba, e or nozl,-: to and ent in the static, often
girdling it, causing : the nl! nt to fall ov.---r.
Mississi-o.-oi. M. --,. Smith 21): On rnPles and v! i r-,- -1
queens of the imDorted Sout-i fire -).n-'u ( S. sa+ey-j Loim a
were obtai-.Ied f ron- .-ests necr A, ri cola b-,,, L. -3on !. n ..a-, I-- t--,Ic
first male an quocn -)uT)ae of the fire ant (S. x7loni '.c"'ool0 7-cre o'
served at Stnt Clol'leire. Tiny black ants, I,'o--o'norium, T-Animum Du c 1 we re reported nc v r7 troublesome n a house nc Lr 1 s (,
on lI!- -4 cor,.-es,)onde-;-it- t Green,.-!ooe. sf-nt !- for detr rr,-Anatiorn i-in -( -d
queens of the carpenter ant (Ca+--Ponotus hero ,-leni os
T e xa. s E. R. Smit.'l (IM,-.-77 21): F. F. -ibby sent me for deterrnin, tion
rini,,ed m qles an( sever l win ---d queenss of the lerif-cuttiz,: L (Atta texpna _cq collector d Austi- oil "a-T 11 b-, J.
A MTE (14onochamus notatus 1)rl,;r,,,)
, :,nzsachusetts. J. 111. Schriffner, Jr. (11'., ,; C A li' comnan- in
1 as s,- chi-, set Is sen' in ,n -idul t w',Lic I, ] ad or' c f ror- 75 to 10' sheets o-f- -naper. T-6is Y)11 per slain, ed f ro i i c 1 n 1,-r ', --ndl-,s.
These b,-;,nd.les were fitted wit.- sltids rnndc of -i) -inc,, nd t",
beetle evidently from ono o:' the skids on t ,(:, side ficinil
3 1262 09244 6870
BLAC17 C.L?E"7 777-7-7-L2 A t t nu s -.-) i c s 0 1 i
South Dakot ,. '-,I. C. S ,,veri-n f1:1): h-,ve 11--l mor--, in _- .!_ries and
cor.ml,,intq concernin,7 the bl,3c7: carpet beetle t1h.is Year than ir. ;n,7
other ya.jr s4.nce tl., e organization of th3 ror in South
FICT' 110TH ( Rhe stia f igulilella Greg.)
.alifornia. H. C. Donoho F): A -otinl d., ri o-o e i- s 1 b 1, m
Folior has be _n E;ncounterO. in srliall numbers duri 2,cr t1le present
sT)rin- in -npss:%s o., Larvae a.,;, d ie*b' i-n -- o-' t,_.-.e raisin Moth
(z-)hestia fiF.-ulilellla Gre -.) in dr- .- loc!,tions beneathh -,-_,ound timbers
ir. ontm-sIded stac ,-s. T7-iis to the first
record of i+,-- i tIie Valle~ of- Cali ..- rnia.
South 77. Cy. 17ettles 27): An inturestin- case of lichen
removal from old o-n-111 _10,ise with of Fsom s sn. is
re-nortc-1, co...-Itral n',I-t of the Stcate.