The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00096

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY


BULLETIN


Volume 15 May 1, 1935 Number 3


BUREAU OF

ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE

UN I TED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING




RI-AT \bRy
I'ATLru) PAtAPf)
















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013


http://archive.org/details/insectl1


935no3














INS 2 CT PE ST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 15 y 1, 1935 No. 3



T' T.':-3 IMI-'ORTA27' FOR'.'; R APPIL 1935

The lesser migra-tory grasshopner ( uops mcxicanus SpusF.)
was hatching in large numbers in Arizorr- din the second week in
Aoril and was moving into alfalfa fiel' s 3 the third week of the
month. The clear-winged gr sshopper started hactiing in so' thern
California durin- the second week in Aoril.

Cutworms continued to be reported as serious pests throughout
the South and northward to Delaware, Ohio, ar.: eebrask-a.

Flights of June beetles were observed during the third wee: in
the month as far nortilhward a M-aryland, and the beetles were rather
seriously damaging a variety of crops in Mississi-ppi during the latter
part of the month.

The chinch bug bc-,anr scattering in hibernating quarters during
the third we' of the month, and by, the last of tIhe month flights were
reported from Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, and Oklahoma.

During the last of March and the first week of Aopril outbreaks
of thegreen bug were r ,rted fror Ceorgia.

The hessian fly is reported es occurrinjg in latrg-e numbers in
northeastern Oklahoma on wheat sown ecrly for greazin. A heavy in-
festation in volunteer wheat is also reported from Onio.

The successful hibernation of the corn ear worm at Arlington
Farm, near Washington, D. C., w- s re-oorted during the month.

The clover leaf weevil was reported as irjurioisl abundant in
Ohio, Xentcky-, and Kansas.

An outbreak of the pea a'Thid in alfalfa in southern California
was reported very late in March, and during Anril serious dan-C to
peas was reported from-n the San Frencisco Pay district of California,
and indications of trouble from this insect were also reported from
. eva.a.


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The codlinp moth be:-n to emrrere in numbers about the middle -f
April in Geor-gia. .-,)etlcn was well 'c,.nder '."' in 0iD, Illinois,
Missouri, and Waeshin ton during the montL.

During the first wveek in the month thie )1-mn curculio r. to
emerge from hibernation in Virginia and by the end of the month it was
collected in considerable numbers. In South C'rolina, Georria, anrd
Al 4.-: the infest'tion is much nervier th'an it nrs been for several
years.

More than If of t or ienta fruit mofth larve had pupa,:: hay
April 20 in Deklawae, ad aK mos vor, collected in the orchards on
April 23 in southern Virinia. Tvig inj""r was observed in the Fort
Valle, section of Georgia during the first 'e.-- in Aoril. 7-1- inj'r-
was also observed during the month in MississiDui.

Considerable d- -. by pear thrips was reoorted early in the
month from Oregon and C-' ifornia.

This year the vegetable weevil w7-s found in the cosstel-olain
areas of South Carolina, where it had not been known to occur previously.

The Colorado potato beetle is aparentl, much more prevalent than
usual in the Gulf and ou, 'th Atlantic Stptes, from Alabaoa to South Carolina.

The first adult of the Mexican bean beetle was observed on April 22
at E:..rerimient, Ga. In the northern States (Delo."7re and Ohio) winter mor-
talitv was very heavy.

The pepper weevil is apnearinr in unprecedented numbers in pnrts of
southern California.

The tobacco flea Ic.etle is seriously af'eci-in: t'-'u-cco plant '.is
along the Atlantic seaboard from Florida to Marvland.

Heavy infestations by the forest tent caternilnr are expected in
the northern .7e" .' l.r- Stotes, and a very nav infestation I~ this
pest was reported: from te uLlf coasL counties of Mississipoi during the
month.

Reports of screw worm infestations of livestock are beirg received
in increasing numbers from Georgia, lorida', and -arts of Texas.

Termite damage is being reported from an unuus.al nu-b- r of orooer-
ties in Yche northernn States, extending from Lo.-- Island, 1. Y., an.
Delaware west'.-rd to rasia.











t GENERALL FEEDERS

GTS^,A75C-'E1` (Acrididae,

Georgia. 0. I. Snapo (Akril 0): rasshopwers, mostly S,,c2lstocerca amer-
cana Drury,, are mo6erately abunrant on rass in ntures at Fort Valley.-

Florida. F. L. n Chamberlin (iApril r: (tr rav -f11tatiDrns of neli
emerged grassnon ers have been observed attacKi to"-coo -urinS tle
-ast few days In G-adsden County.

Arizona. C. D. Teuert (A'oril l0-1Y): Tny honoers of Mel'Iko'lus mexicanus
Sauss. were noticed b- t.e thousands in fence ro'ws rn3 or ditch abanks
alona an old fielc of o'qt t uoa..le near Tu'c_.cevc on A ril 10. B3 Anril
15 they had crossed the recf to an alf aifa fierd.

California. S. Lockwocd (Aoril 25): The clear-winged ;rasshovoer (Camnula
npellucida Scudd.) started to hatch in lIrae numbers along the coast
of San Diego County on Airil 10 anU in the mountainous area on Anril
17.

CUThO-s (Noctuidae)

Del:::.a re. L. A. Stearns (Anril 10): Sl'Lni.t. injury, renorte& in connection
with some 600,000 nenoer nolants under nlass ot Bridgeville.

South Carolina. W. C. iTettles (Anril 20): Cit,',o-s are bcd in tobacco
seedbeds in eastern Carolina.

Georgia. 0. I. Snann (Anril 5): Cutworms are more s!u-nant than usual
and we have received man, cornm' ints of d-ae to -'rdens and annual
flowers at Fort Valle-. T.IyV have also cut dwvn many little oeach
trees in our nursery.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (Aoril 2)): Com-olaints were received during the first
pprt of Aoril that a cutworm has been injuring tomato plants in green-
houses near Cleveland. It climbs the plants Pt night and cuts off the
terminals.

Tennessee. G-.. enterr (A- ril ): Toctu.id. moths are active and cut-
worms are moderately abundant.

Alabama. J. ". Robinson (Anoril 20): Cutworms continue to be active and
are attacking vegetables.

Mississinpi. C. Lyle -nd assistents (Anril 23): Cutworm's nave been caus-
in:- considerable damage to n'cn,.- vegetable i1lant, in Jackson and
Harrison Counties. 1.e greasy cutworm (A.r-otis ypsilon Eott.) was
observed causing severe damage to tomatoes at Clarkssale.


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iss e-n (o y.Dsilor) '"'e~e o: cerved. f-'o:T. Anrii 2C t o 22 a'; nihtre s.'-s
... A asi Ljlht rent SW 7n S
or t2 mots Doe'-ic on o)e blo:sjos t C+ol ...

-.ebraS'k. H. Swen-h (Anril o'l): A rencrt reciv froT renter Co-".
on A-oril 15 r't'tc'- tht cu"11-7s +were tah- S vr in so-no sno-s.
An aun.ance o o of tnc -r.- ct1cr .r is
Grote), cf. i -l i, od -l a co -* 7 r...-.. D e T
C Tol, Ks a-oa, Furna r'., e sn xosr Counti s Cro :&rc' 25
to Aoril 5.

.... R. oil 27): Cutv.o .o.s V were 6e ~ootea G.
on Aoril t to b i-'-,".. alfalfa, s' clovr, an. oe e in
to v,-e i f? f a s i Ot a av'
Clay County, and ''oving' from grpsslan-s to w..e't rd alflfa in Ottawa
County-. On a 9-:i rive, 12 aL fa fies an 1' wheat fields
visitecl in Re-oubli', County. so.'e,. a -o -tion of fro.r 1 to cutworms
ner plant.

H. H. V'Walkden (March): Pu.nae of Sc- -_-. trifolii Rott., dug
out of soil late in e'ebrur,, at anhattn, ielde:'- acilts on Marci 13.
This species is orlin'ri], scarce in eastern. Kans-s, an t'ie writer
has never taoe n ovewrwiterin -)u-De -Ieviously. (Anril 10j: Larvae
of 7e-ltia sutl otc :aw. were suffiicently abujan t in Jack:son Co- 'nt
to cuse so-e injur" to alfalfa in locJl areas.

Texas. K. P. '.,'n (Anril 17): Cutworms h!ve one considerable d-~: e in
places i Ca un Countv. The -reatest d r r otcd thus fIr w",.s tne
destruction of ainroximetel! 300 acres of cotto, o of a tlock of
700 acres. L'e entire acreage wvs planted in oedi4rTE: seed costing,
2 er bbushel. On this one far. the loss v.1s about -- On man,
small] ,creaeies, of 15 acres or less, this insect ns cestrovel the
stand of cotton.

Utph. 3T. 3. A.'-oton (:nril 2): Crt Ior's 'Pre cmTi'7- ran e lolats on
Proro-.tor-7 '7'e fro;r 15 to 25 er sclu'e foo bon fo.nd. -'-
are s-aG1o nresent in a,!ain' nu-c ers at ?ro:'. nuor 'ond a.t Pro'.onorv
Point, in Bo: Vder Count" B ( lo is) s. x -_
c-rouo ,'re o-.a im" dry-f-rm. vne- t Lost r:ontor-. (ctar by C. He"- C;l. )

A,'-;'$WO (Cirnhis uniouncta Ka,. )

Miaso"ri. L. Baseman (ri ): ho e7ideAic of xrmyworms, r".rted in
7" rcii from southwest rn I.is'.o',ri 'e Pon erer;i n rs :,oths in bre< in:
1,'r 1 -7nI. 20Tr-,, ths c 71e
c ..s ab)t A~rril 1 10, nC' betecn Ar I "n 20 1few 4ots JS
to Ii ts q CoIu .:rse1. On Aori sas of nots {n2e-ro on fruit
blo s Ft "ount Vernon, )ni on Aoil 25 ,"**- 's smue -re on anie
bl)oszso -v t Colut. nc -r:r-orn sees to h-ve been thrown out of
its noorn,-i c-cle bv 1st summer's Irou At, for .ad en oumbraA- of
we.'.'... in souther and central pisuri late last f o i ,1nd we h-ve
already a rmaitured cron of thc Ginu consider-'ble d aic in sourtlera








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1',;isrouri. The sw-,r'-s of mr)ths nceri 1 t Co2u:Ki" rece'tl' 'TI" be
Tri rmtp or shen v l'-v :.t1 'e fro,.1 t>'.eer7 e r]" s ring b-.'ood
,"ortrs loc'll" -, rs J'" oth? i: celtrpl ,i'ss oL'i Ir, st f l-1 ovi" on ited
andA the w'orms wVre ,-rtl- duveloocd boCojre winter set it; however, no
coinnlints of seriousr' da. "c fro-' tie "o's in thu central part of tlihe
Stete tlais s-nir i v- beeon rect to us.

BET WjEV2W' J.' T oster c. i (- 7- Ti L. )

Kansas. 7. .Wp'iden (Ao"'): A I vv f i o o' t -occc.r.e,, )t 7 -s
on Anril 22, ar nte bQ( soc- !, ns ri' t -cn pt the tr?0-
li Aht. 2aThes c, a -ut, 1 -. Y s nt e f0I -c-'a t1on, tl'ie arvrae
of which h caused suc i widoes-rrea, iniju1. to < i-n-t-thistIe iaqt fP]1l.

"':C', 'TI BUTJ2:FLY (Dpnns meinere TIrno )

Ma Tyland. J. A, Hyslo- TAnril 7 0): The f first p1,lt of this year was ob-
served flyin- aboot a li'"ac he.e on -- far-iii t Avt-Il.

WHITE GRUB3S (Pr"'i ,,h sI .)
Pennsylvania ~. -2 GE Lo,. s (T, i -3

Pennsylvania. I. Ho.... isc ) ( riil 12): White grubs wvcre reported abun-
cant in newly -olov,'c. ro'ud in Berfo"Cd ,oui'tv on Aori] 1R.

:ryland. J. A. Hvslop (Aori] '7): The first .'i]ts of thie season were
collected on ny frrm at Avenel. The night vas warm 'nd cloudy, fol-
lowed by rain. In Silver Sorinr the flight v'as so heav'- as to inter-
fere with a motion oictu-re performance.

South Carolina. W. C. :'-ttles (Anril 20): White -rabs attac1cirnf lawns
have been observed -ver.l times.

.'in.esotp. A. A. Granovhy-. (Aoril 2): Wnito in the soil, ranging from, 1i to 26 inches belov the surface, accord ing
to our last i inw radle A)ril 1.. Thead.""is are close to the sur-'
face, usually within n 2 or 3 inche- ol' it. Fro t e !nform'-ticn on
hain, wvie exoect a P ter heavy fli .it of broo A June beotles and
mroderatel- severe injury from vhi'e grubs of brood C. Broo' E is very
unim-oortpnt economically in most sections of the State.

lowH. H. E. Jaques (A-nor'l ): We ,-re beginni.-r to find a good" number
of ,aw beetles.

K,)nsos. H. R. Bryson (Ao-il 25): Adiult: hove been slo, in coming to
li-ihts, owin,; to the lowi ni, ht temneratare'. 1hite rubh are lezs
abundant in the soil than usual.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (Anril 23): The first e-rrl-v l'? beetle w':? ob-
served Marcn 2o. I'os o'* the specimens have been identified ns 2.
calcenta Lec.












... '- ') (Vr n ): ore "l .f P. cp i_-encn. an 7?
ff%.C' 'es '. 2F7t '-"e co7 co c a te e a
5 ilI-B ter t a.

MiisF-ioi. C. Is--le 1rn assist nts (Aor'1 27): Pecans, rssese, "n other
-o1],ntF in al1 sec ions of t iE State h..e brn r e or less injure '---
a'.'y beetles .fin tie orst rmor'th'. he 1 e "-ec' of s-ec4-o- re-
ceived fromT 'zoo Co'.-tv reonre X'e t' :'cles--:. co-:r. Le. a:".0C
P. crrelot7 r'-oel. C r A.r] 27 A. 1. '-". ...t col ec-CiJ : ii-ts t
St-te Colle 'c s--ecimens of P. cj Lc. l, -I1,les of P. f'at'rra
vpr. :.7 r v L'C, n.i.e c P. tf, -tis "'b., n'1 ale of
P. bi'fr tit? '*.) rn,

E. ;7. m'.,,"' (A7:ii! 26): It h-s been not & tht ,.p beetles
aeoered scarce in th'e vicinity of Lc1snc1, .n hou."'s search Prouni
stron.- lights v-ielin only a 6ozei. beetles.

Texas. E. W. Lake (ri 2'): It h-s een reno"te5 to this office that
50 percent of the red oah, 50 percentt of thie )ost oak, 10 percent of
tne blac.jack oalk, 20 onercent of t:e elm, ar-d 20 P percent of the sweetgum
in Gre7,T Th'k, Harrison, Panola, and U-shur Counties-, heve been partly
or wholly defoi ated by -7" beetles.

GERU:' J1L1 BESTLE (CotiniF nitida L. )

Couth Carolina. 7. C. ":ttles (koril 20): Green June beetle 1?rvae are re-
1oorted as abun''nt in tobacco seedbeds in t-e easter.il art cf the State.

Illinois. C. L. :'tcalf (Anril I): We h-ve a report of the -r-.en June
beetle occurring; by tne thousands in ;-ar'ens andi a' -'.s in West Frank-
fort, Franklin oou':t.

Alaba-na. J. i'. .obinson (Aoril 20): Strawberries -at Auburn are beinF
attached bI larvae of the -ree-i June u'.

'.], I ''; P:':* : (El3 ateridae)

Kcntuc!y, A. Price (Anril 25): U> cterrminea s')ecies of wireworo-s have
been received from several nJ.nces in the State during the oast fei
d"v'.

Alabrma. J. ".". Toni son (Aoil 20): At Auburn sti'-vQerries -re .ei.~
attacked by ,-ireworms.

California. S. Lockwood (,Aril lc): Consider-ble dana""e to buds of 'rune
trees h;s occu-we --lon.- thie '0orsurnes River in Sac:'.- to Count". he
insects collected fro' the bi.: s were as follo"1s: Clic: beetles, :- e'ets
c'nus Lec. and 3,rrionhorus stirnrticus Cand., and t-e chr-somelid
i ni rovittatl Guer.










M. W. Stone (AntriJ 20): An !S-acre field of -ounor sugr beets
at Wintcrsburg was so sev:rly -'r. eir by the ru. beet wix rr
(P. ca'ifornicus Maln.o) that it .'. necessary to relanrt the entire
a rea.

A CHI1KOH BUG (Blissus hirtus Montd.)

Ohio. J. S. Houser (Anril 22): The air:) ch inch L (1. hirtus) has
hibernated successfully in lwns in Clevelan& and bids fir to continue
this season a, a destructive -,-.n oest.


CEREAL AND iN ORAGE- CROP I INSECTS

1'`7AT AIMD OT:R SMALL G. :T

HSSAl i FLY (Phnytoghpga destr'c tor Say)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (A-oril] 24): Volunteer wheat in a 200-acre field in
Madison County is heavilv infested. Last -uerr much of the grain was
shattered in the ha vestin 5 process. 'he adults hove not emerged. The
entire field is being oloPed under to protect uninfected wheat.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (Aoril 24): Several reports have been received Our-
ing the past fe"/ days from county agents fro-- the :-orthe.stern part of
Oklahona, stating thnt the hessian fly is nrsent in large numbers.
The wheat was sown early last fall for grazing. Farmers are planning
to harvest the grain, should any be produced.

CHIi.CH BUG (Blissus leuconterus Say)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (Aoril 2L): A survey of six western Ohio counties eerly
in Anril shows far .ore than the usual numbers of overwinterilng cinch
bugs present in clum-ko of timothy. Sereca, Hancoc':, and Wyandot Coun-
ties average between 6() anc, 75 bugs per squa.'c foot area. Bluegrass
harbors very few bugs, but mrny are found on the floor of woods. Winter
mortality has been from 12 to l4 percent.

Indiana. C. M. Packard (Aeril 27): Consi'erable chinch bug flight from
hibernation quarters to small grain fields has occurred during' the past
few daa^s at La Fayette.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (An)ril 23): There has been no general movement of
chinch bugs from hibernating quarters into the sma1l jr-ins. The bugs
have scattered considerable: in the hibernating quarters, but no c.,ane
of any significance has occurred. Fro.m 14 to 16 percent of the bugs
died during the winter, which is higher than usual. (Anri] 30): A
general movement out of ,inter quarters started on Anril 23, continuing
to the present time, with a strong movement on the 2cth. From 65 to
75 percent of the bugs have now left winter quarters, 50 percent having:
settled in small grains.










lov'. J. ,r, (A ril 7): 2er'. fe -. s e. .. os ve
in f! ( I I"I f. .. "he ; e ue itI cei e o- Is -
fo, -u, '" rounnr in -..65" i:c. wn i c1 r' ter s or in F'.. areas
ne r fvorb]e ibtr rlt',tio.-,". in the "'hole, t'he C-,o tlttion
i7 T-ucn higher than if ,as lIst ye'r. r oj 7 co'...ies +c irfes e .

H. Jaq'e (Anril 2'': hinch "o>u, '-e corne t-ro .n the winter
in 1,'r e 0mjtb re.

Mis ouri. L. H:a-o'F n (Anril 2): .o corsi"er."'Ale ir' rbcrs of c-ich Cb; s
h;ve lrft wi nter cIr - rs in c enrl ori

Kans s. II. R. c-.o (A -)ri 2or- ): I ..... 'O s ?'e to oe ..n. in s:.-l. -
K rnin fi'eldls b.t ares rozt (-s -olensf5 1 lIst ee-r. .e-77ts fro-
R..ulic, 7-e sno, Crvrfor', ,n, o Ir cnintiep indicate p !icCh lig'hter
nonoulption then l-t veer.

n. '^. iThe'y (la'ch): A lgta PoerLlrv survey to determine acun-
dbnce revealed a decrease in "oooulation in northe,-strn an-sa, frorr
an avera?'-"e of 45 to 10 '''-s uer scua-e-foot sa:-; le. olowever, in south-
eastern Kansas the oonulation r::-ined stptionr-.. On "-rch 17
sor-num ,ut.2tbles contained chinc h. bus, or sn av r-e o:e 2.6 each,
while 2C kafir stu'bbl.es snoved 12) buio or an av r. e of 0.5 each. .l
ro'n 25, 6 adIlts wore con ht on flii.ht screens set un at 'orhattan.

Oklahoma. F. A. ?enton (A2ril .23): nusaly wa 1eat.,her on I.rrcn' 25
caisse( an ero!,- emer-ence from' hit.ration and fli ht to --l1 grains.
At La,'ton this Tovement se- ms to have been co'leetse, -lereas r Still-
water there were s till fev, bugs in hibernatio: rontil the mid:le of
Anril.

C. F. Stiles (Anril 2L): Chinch bugs are not showing ui in very
larce numbers in nortInea-stern Oka.',: !.. Horerv-r, w'e are exaectinr a
severe outb,-eK should veeatner conditions ce fr-voracle in the next
2 months.

GREEI :' (Toxontera :rainum pond. )

Gero1ia. L. 7issell (Ani ) 1): An oat field at Exeriment -has be-en
11'clv T-,.p -cO by anhiIs. Sevur.ie noataches fro'r 15 to Lr feet across
were killed. There are no.7 v-er- fc living lce. 'an:- aohiis mre
na r sitized. CZ e occinellid l-rv, c ovin on grond for lacl of
fo od. cr'"' andids on aijoinin, whe- t field, tut no -olnts ,"ecre killed.
I Ove hear f to imil7-r outbrea'-s in the vicinit-, bot h on fall-
sown oat0.



C0Qi ,A7 WOM (_liotniis obs t Fab.)
~~Vir ~il:-nio. F. F. Di:c (arch): An re s of axiatel sor varts
V r,7i n io. F. F. Dicke (,.rc ) An )re, Of a' o i~ e so-, e a






-71-


at the Arlin-ton Farm cevctek' to late sweet corn "'Ps examined l-,te
in March to det- rmine to v wn2t ext4 t Kne corn er'r vo."Lm hrd F-urv'ved
the winter. T is ;rea yieled a total Of T- 7 -o -cC of v'c, or
76 percent, -vere living. Since, cons-cer-ble mortpiity occurs normally
in the early puoFl stage, it is ev dent that the -ortplity durin the
winter was unusually low. There was :o si "cificant difference between
the dentic' at wh'lich the living end dead )'oae wore fo rnd. Alt o0.
below-zero t nmneratures occurroO the -round was wll )rotected by
snow from frost oeetratin.

Louisiana. W. 2 Hi (Ar. rI-r 27): "'7 s r abundant in many fields of
early corn a:o6 alss on toriatoes.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (IVarch 27): 'irat aPults were ob<,erved on M?,'rcn 7
at Dickinson by J. Y. Foney. F.rst sd.ults ere--ed 't College Station
on March 23.

SALT-MARS 'AT::. PILLAR (Estinene acraea ur)

Florida. J. R. Watson (Anril 2'): The -It-ma'sh caternillar has been
very destructive to corn during tne -oast month, n-rticul'rlv, in
Alachua and adjoining counties.
Texas. J... Eoney (: 'ch 2o): ::sy secon5-instar and tnird-instar larvae
of the salt-ri .-rsh c-ter-oillar were found on turning, corn, cabbage,
and beets.

SOUTT::, CORIT ROOT WORM (Diabrotica duodecirmpunctata Fab.)

South Carolina. F. Sherman (April 20): Damage bv the southern corn root
worm reported, chiefly from eastern S:uth C'rolina.

Louisiana. C. E. Smith and P. K. Harrison (Aoril): Injury to corn at
Baton _-ou.e was first noticed M',-rcn. J. Cn A-ril 1 corn 'rowing on
the experimental piots at Lov:isi na St-te U by the larvae. On Aoril g the firit snring-broo_ beetles, an severe] drys old, were observed in the field.

CCR.7 BILLBUGS ( ailendra s)n. )

South Carolina. W. C. Y1ettles (April 20): Some comnolaint of damvre by
billbugs reported from ea-stern So)ut Carolina.

Florida. J. R. Watson (Aoril 23): ?illbugs were sent in from Clav Countyr
where they were re -rted to doirn serious injury to corn.

CLOVER

CLOVI' LEAF WEEVIL (Hy'era ounctata Fab.)

Ohio. T. H. Parks (April 2-2L): I was called to see a several> injured











alfalfe field i CFr-.li Co'.n+' on Anril 1 Tn~urn ses.
S ... Cs iChic are usual s-otted and v:r'- locnl.

tA. Pc cc (A'or 2): 7e o.er ea f vwenv-l is c ; bdrant
ovwr 1he State. le n s)eci.rens nive been received from the vicinities
of >lavgv1lle, 5:.e1bvvillo, G-lov ", Zliz-a'ccthto':n, ndLe'ing owi.

Kansas. H. s. r-on (AInril I5): :<_- clover le'f weevlI is ar-i"-ai in
some elf -lf" fields in 7r.- r:lin Count;- rJ is ooir" .o'ne ir'jurv to
leaf buds.

CcO:,07 PZD SPIDER (Tjetrcr7c_-s t^a5 iu- L. )

Louisir,'na. T. A. J,'-nes (M'-rch 2_): A lr-:e ..unt of closer in Houma
is infested b' red s,, ider, evident]- 7. tel.ris. Cnc field of
vetch V,-s ver-7 he'-vi infested.

ALFA LFA

ALFALFA WEEVIL (Hnroera n-stica, G .)

Cslifornia. A. E. Mic:eltcher (Am-ril 20): In thie San Joaquin Valley the
alfalfa weevil is soehat rore Pbund'nt than a ."ar nzo. In one
field at Vernalis on A-oril 10 an averse of l,72 larvae were ta-hen
er 100 sweeps of 'n insect net. Some ds oa:e has been 'one in this
field. On A-ril 10 the aver::Te number of larvae collected ner 100
sv~ee-os was 1,000. The next highest average larval co.nt S .
In other infesled fields in the San Joac in Valle~" the counts have
been lovw, in many fields below 100. An---renti7- the weevil will not
be of any economic ir.mortance. In the Pleps'-nton 'rca the hih:*nest
average larval count un to Anril 1-2 was 357 ner 1'D0 sweeos. Counts
much higher cani bo expected later on, as owin to a '-.t denl of
cold weather, tiiere Pre a number of fields where the first cros of
a lflf is orl" -- bout half ,rown. In tlie 1,iles are th.e -, host
count on Am'il 12 w-s slichtlv less t 'an 1,CO0 larv"c oer 1.7 sweeps.
In this area al] fields are read to be harvested.

-FA AHI D (Il linoia isi :"lIt.)

Kansas. H. E. sryson (Anril 15): ret," fe"' e ahis are to e foun
in the Strte. In no instance do tho^- occur 1', suf ci ent numbers to
c,'s da"ae. A s e beer foud in alfaf fields i:: e r'-u in.
Pile', 3lay, and Reoublic Counties. 'one were found in :'eosho "nd
Cr.wford Conutie's.

S. Jones (Anril 0): Fortcn u'rtfI f. fields in six ast-crn
counties e:n nocr I1 swcCeos. Similar swee.ings rde on ...rc-i 17 "ielded no infes-
tation. An unusu"-llv larie number of t'e .... insect '_. 3ators of
p)nhidc were fou"'. in n11 fields.




-73-


Arizona. T. P. Cqssidy (Anri 1 2.7): -enorts were received during the ,nast
week from Sacrton and the Salt -iver Valle" that plint lice were
causing' serious d:.,--e to alfalfa. Inspections rmnre in several alfalfa
fields in the Salt River Valley showed the izfest, tion to be very
heavy as literally thousands of plant lice could be collected in a net
by sweeping the plants a few times.

Nevada. R. A. Blancuard (March): Periodic observations in western Nevada
indicate the possibility of an outbreak of the nea aP.hid. T-c relative-
ly mild c-r.J earlv spring weather has allowedd vivi-rarous forms to sur-
vive in small numbers. During normal years winter temnerntures are
low enoug- to destroy green growth, preventing the anhids from passing
the winter in any but the egg stage. The fields in tne vicinity, of
Reno had green growth fromT 1/2 inch to 2 inches tall on March 23, and
examination in six fields showed nonulation7 ran:ing" from 4 to awon"x-
imately 300 anhids ner five-clump sample.

Oregon. L. P. Pockwood (April 10); This species averae'ed 59 anhids ner
100 sweeps in a field of alfalfa on high ground, showing good s-orinH
growth at c"' ra. Many were quite small and there were no alates.
(Anril 13): In the Willamette Valley early fall-sown vetch, seeded in
August or Se-otember, as cover crops, showed ",,oderate infestations, as
many as 350 aphids per 100 swee'os in son-e c"ses. Vetch fields, for
hv or seed, seeded in Octotbe showed ver- fev, or o0 aphids. Two
alates were sent from Auust-sown vetch, but none from October vetch.
Coccinellid beetles, Dorticularlv Hinoonamia cowvergens 3-er. are be-
coming aoI',.'.?nt in vetch'fields. H. quinqegs. grt.? oblioua Csy. and
H. sinuata smuria Lec. begpn leaving their hibernation cache on Anril
11 andC are increasing in vetch fields.

California. R. A. Blanchard ("',rch): An outbreak on alfalfa anne-iers
orobrble in the Antclone Vnllee of southern California. The severity
of this will defend e.'oon weather conditions during the early )'-rt of
Aoril. The nonultj. ns are building u) later than usual. There seems
to be some correleion between this condition and tie fact th't ver"
few severe frosts occurred during the early sErnins, to rune back the
alfalfa growth. The average temperature, howveve lis been sufficiently
low to allow only slow growth of the plants. Sch slow steady growthh
has been observed nreviouslyr to result in slow c-r .:.tion of ids,
where' rods of niher temr)er.tures irter:erei -":..r f'o hnve
re' d .*n e;-- "nfestations. The late i festfc i j n ob-
s,' :' o aP2''-3,t the alfalfa more a,.verrelv and c:. t .'" otal
lo1- c 7" 1,4 -,n did infestations tanet occurred bc- tc 1 fifa ia'
begun to make sustained growth.



SUGA%'BZ'"E BOPSRE (Diatrsen. saccharalis Fab.)

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (Anril 27): ':)ths began emerTing from over'wintered
larvae, in some numbers, followin,- the ricingef mean temperature,, to





-7L-


about 70 I. -bout the first week of Anril. -_? fro- these moths
ha-tcied and first-st'-ge and second-Ftage l-rv e vere causin charac-
teristic ne f#orations in leaves of corn nd c.-ne b7 the tird "'e. k of
Anril. The most adranced larval stge that co!K he found in t:1C
southern cart of the canie belt uo to Amuil 21 was ti 'ou-t`, most of
the larvae in corn then beir in. the seco -? t-ir stages, wvie
those in cane were in the first ,nf_ second st- res. 'ortalit a1 ong
young: larvae has been very hi, in cane, es-ecially througout Anril.
A'--rcntl tile numr'Li- devaloooin- i t'le first enrtion will be
lCs7 th'ni usual. Tr' -r-'? Trinutl'- Rily has not been taken in
cane borer egzs this sepFo- o, but -as been Ibred from es -f Heliothis
obsoleta Fab. The first noarsitizerl e.: was collected on Anril at
B'ton o-ulge, and from- it three narpsites e':erred on Am-ril 15. A. ther
esn, collected on Amril 12, nroducef three para-sites on Anril 23.

SUGABCAI-TG BEETLE (Euetnieoia r iceoes Lec.)

Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (A--ril 27): Adults were in flight in some numbers
at Baton Rou.e on the ni:ht of Amril 5, following a cloudy day with
ma-ximumn tem oer'-ture at 0 F., with still air in t'.ie evening. e
temroereture ranged from 73 at 6 o.m. to 700 at mridniht.


FRUIT I N SECTS

APPLE

CODLI:TG MOTH (Caroocaissa pomonella L.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Anoril): Four percent of owvrvintered larvae
ounoated on A-oril 20; 22 noercent mortality for cage material.

Georgia. C. H. Alden (A-ril 20): Adults were emerging in larc-e nu-: rs
fror insectarv bands on Anril 19 an. vere also beix caught from bait
traos in orchards. Ihe first adult was caught on A-ril 1 at Cornelia.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (Anril 2)'): Larvae are ver- -bundant under loose bark
of tree trunks in the worst infested orchards. Few "ve been killed
birds this winter. Puination has started, and we look for a heavy
emergence from overwintered larvae.

Illinois. W. ?. Flint (Aoril 23): The codling, moth has nunpsted generallv
throughout the southern ,)art of the State. "'o emergence is expected
before about the first of .'a.

Minnesota. A. Rugj'le (Anril 22): L'-n codli:ng matn larvae "ill ur-
ing the winter around ,Ainnetokta 6iti.ct and Univorsit- Fapm ?t Saint
Paul.








Missouri. L. baseman (A)ril 2c): Over 50 percent T)unotion in southe-stern
Missouri b-r Aoril 15, less in the southwestern oart, and about 2 per-
cent at Columbia to da-te. 1o moths are out.

Washington. 2. J. Ner-comer (Anril 22): In the Yak'ima Valley larvae hpve
been punating for some tire and adults will *oroedbly begin emerFing
about "syv 10. This is about L weeks later than last year. Fruit trees
are blooming about that much later this season.

EASTERN TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosi-ra smricana Fab.)

New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (April 23): On A'0ril 21 egg masses of the
eastern tent cateroil.lar were hatching.

Vermont. H. L. Baile- (April 25): -gg masses are fro-" scarce to moderately
abun5pnt in the vicinity, of Burlington. A very fey' have hatched, but
are still clinging to egg masses. TheyT are more 'lentiful in the
southern half of the State.

Massachusetts. J. V. Sc.affner, Jr. (Aoril 10): One hundred -:f five e:.g
clusters of the eastern tent cateril! !r were examined for hatching at
iNelrose on Aoril 10, and of these two clusters eacn. had one larva
freshly emerged. Egg clusters are abundant in the vicinity.

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (April 27): At Stamford,, eggs of the a-ole tree
tent caterpillar have hatched in considerable numbers, with every in-
dication th-t there .ill be en extraordinary abun':nce of the nests.

M. P. Za'pe (Aoril 22): In New Haven County; eggs have hatched
and young larvae are feeding on ooening buds of anmle, oeach, and wild
cherr".

New York. '. Y. State Coil. A,-r. News Letter (A-ril): Tent catern-oillars
are reported as abuncnt on Long Is!and and in the Hudson River Valley.
Hatching- was observed earl" in th'.e month throughout this region,

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Aoril): In ".e'.jrk the first hatching occurred
on Aoril 1. Nests were first generally, visible on Anril 17.

Pennsylvania. T. L. C-uyton (Aoril 23): The eastern tent caterpillar
hatched the first ance second 7.'e:. of Anril and now forms conspicuous
tents on favored iplnts in Cumberland, Perr', Juniat-, Lancaster, and
Dauohin Counties. It is orob':bly or.sent in most of the counties in
the eastern half of the State.

H. N. Worthley (Anril 22): Entern tent cater-iillbr eggs hatched
during warm weather from Aoril 10 to 21 at State College. Nests are
just becoming visible in the crotches of unznrr-ed. a-ole trees.

Maryland. E. N. Corv (March 26): The eastern tent cqternillr has begun
to emerge at College Park.








Georgia. 0. I. Snao (Anril 1.3): Thi!' inecct i crs cerbl7 more a:" .-.-
d-nt at 7ort Valley tl s -ear thrn u-u l. Perh s. the ;eaviest infes-
t-ti n ever ous -e've d'i a each orc."ar':"' s rec r o, n Marc 2 E"
Twere v a tchi the -rid'-le of :.' rch arn iracticalI fu!-ron larvae
we'e observe' on Aoril 13.

W, F. Turner (A-oril 3): I noticed whvat see-ed. to be a -)rticular
abundance of tent caterpillar tents or. wild c-.err, a,.-- wild crab aer1e
in Bibb, Jones, and Paldwin counties .

Tennessee. G. M. Bentlev (A o-il 21): Very abundant. I have never seen
as 'T:n- on wild cherries and unsory.ed aoole trees.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (Anril 27): Or April 16, many wild. olum and cherr--
trees were infested with small tents in Crewfor andl iTeosho Counties.

RIB2ED COCOON LAKER (Bucculatrix nomifoliella Clem.)

r--.7 Hamnshire. L. C. Glover (A'Ioril 23): This insect wa-.s re-oorted as
rather common on anole trees in Rock:in-ham County.

APPLE APHIDS (Aphiidae)
Vermont. H. L. Bailey (Anril 25): T;s of the green sole anhid (Anhi_
pomi DeG.) are generally scarce, in Grand Isle andf' >ittenden Counties.
An occasional tree with many water sprouts found heavily infested. '.
eggs hatched.

Connecticut. P. Garman (Anril 22): Avole aohids, A. oc-ri, are generally
scarce at the present time in I'e' Haven County. f"'af.-f-voCble wea-ther
doubtless reduced the nooulation. To rosy saohid (Arin.-ohis roses 3a-er)
observed to date.

M. P. Zanne (Aoril 22): Efs of the green an'le aa-id have been
hatching for several days and an'iids are nrepent or buds in -.c' Haven
County.

iTev' York. T. Y. State Coll. Agr. Yews Letter (Aril): A.,o-le grain anhids
(Fhooalosiohurm orunifolile Fitch) began hatching d.rin,' the last week
in March and the first week in Anril. Ros-r ao)le 'a-hids ".re seen
a tchinr in Ulster County during the first week of the morth were
reported from other counties in the Hudson River Valle, later in the
month. Toward the end of the month A. pomi was aaearin in about
normal numbers. In western "-c'" York the three species were found in
considerable numbers by the last week in AnOril, indicating, that h~t:h-
ing is almost completed.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hodgkiss (A-oril 22): 7osy aole aohid e.-.-s hatc .c in
17ashington and Allegheny Counties on Marcn -'- in Franklin County on
r --ro o, and in Adams -ount- on March 30. Green apore aHhid' -s were
hnatcnin. in fairly good numbers on these dates with 'mary in the seco!-...




-77-


instpr. A13,l e grE J anh ... d Js ) -
irstr. Amile grain aohid eggrs hatched along wit' t:e green a-xiid,
with many in the third instar when the e-rlv a'ple buds opened. The
general condition u-o to ADril 1o res, for ros-' amins, generally
spotted; for green and grain anhids, plentiful but not as meniy as in
most years. The exact situation Ps regards the extent of rosy aphid
infestation could be determined by Anri] 1c.

H. !T. Worthley (A'oril 22): At State College, arole aphids were
moderately abundant on a-onle. On A'ril 15, observ-tions showed 6.6
anhids ner bud (200 buds); on Anril 37, n.) ohids ner bud (200 buds).
Temperature rent to 100 F. on Aoril lo and the cold weather killed
36 percent of the anhids. The anoole buds Ere no7'" nearly in the -ore-
pink stage and of the anhids noresent, 93 nTercent are green aphids
and 7 noercent grain aeohids. "jo ros- aohids have been seen to date.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Anril): EBjs of the grain al'hid have hatched
and were generall>- abundant on anoile on April 2.

Virginia. W. J. Schoene (Anril 21): E:-.:s of apnle aohids hatched at
Winchester as follows: Grain a"hid on March 17, ap"le a)hid on
March 20, rosy anhid on "?rcn 23. :To injury has been reported except
in small unsprayed orchards.

Ohio. W. H. Parks (Anril 24): Stem mothers of the an)le now giving birth to second-generation youn f-t Colmbus. 7Tie freeze
of Anril 16 apparently killed very few aphids, although the temperature
descended to 22 F. AnIole trees are a;o-roaching te full-Dink stage.

Missouri. L. Haseman (Anril 23): I the early -oart of the monti some
adnle grain aphids were observed on buds in cent,-'I :, issouri, but by
the last of the month onlyr a fe; had a'meared.

Mississi-o-nni. C. Lyle and assistants (AnTril 23): The an-onie aphid ..-:-s re-
ported as moderately abundant in the vicinit- of Wiggins. Some colo-
nies were being heavily parasitized.

Oregon. D. C. Mote (Anpril 1i): Rosy aehids were reported b, B. G. Thom-oson
on apole at U'onroe.

SAIT JOSE SCALE (Asnidiotus perniciosus Comst.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (A-ril 3): Soipe infestation of 2-vear-old annie
trees in BridLeville; three trees dea73.

Georzia. 0. I. Snape (Anril 3): Larvae of the twice-stabbed ladybeetle
(Chilocorus bivulneras I_:.uls.) nrcyivnr on the scale, are unusuall- abun-
dant at Fort Valley. J. '. Thomson reports as i.Lny as 60 larvae on a
scale-infested each twig 12 inches lo.- and incn in diameter, the
largest population of this predacious insect he hs ever observed in
a single each tree.









Tennessee. G. >1. Bentley (Anril 21 ): Tre S-n' Jose sc-le is n moder-telv
% .-;;.o nt .

Alrbama. J. I'. hRobinsor (Anril 20): The Sen Jose scale is node'r-tel'
abundpnt on ea-chees nd apnles.

FLAT-HEAD=D APPLE TE2 D-RER (Ghrysobothris femorata Oliv.)

.ebraska. M. H. Swenk (Anril 20): The flat-hepded apnle tree borer was
reported workin.- in either apnle or walnut trees in Frnas, Sauna.ers,
Butler, Douglas, and Custer Counties *froml Aoril 2 to 12.

EUFrCP2,'T RED MITE (Paratetranychus oilosus C. a F.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey- (Aoril 25): Es of the Euronean re-i mite are from
scarce to moderstelv abundant, wit-i a high percentage of a0onarent win-
ter kill, in Grand Isle County.

Pennsylvania. H. E. Hod-giss (April 22): The L ropean red mite e.- in-
festation is rather general through the State. Infestations in in-
dividual orchards are not heavy.

PEA -"

PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenunhar Hbst.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Anril 24): 'To emergence of curculio.from hi-
bernation as yet.

Virginia. W. J. Scnoene (March 24): T'-'o lum curculios were taken at
Crozet on A-ril 5. ITo more :"c-re collected until April 23, '`en con-
siderable numbers "'ere taken.

Southi Carolina. F. Shen, :.- (Aoril 20): The Olum c-arculio is worse t>'-.
usual.

Georgia. 0. I. Sna)- (April. 2): Large numbers of adults n-'-cred from
hibernation during, the last four a-s in Fort Valley. A total of -o
curculi6s were .jarred fro- 161' eac. trees this morning, wich is an
average of 4.5 beetles per tree. An Pver'?e of beetles Der tree
were jarrec fror trees in several sections of the orchard. This in-
diclteo that the infestptio- is ver- much he-vier th-rn for sevc"-
years. Weather conditions h'ave bee:. favorable during t' -.;c 1'st week
to bring tne curculios oat of hibernatiorn. An aver" of 1. beetles
nor tree were jarred from tne trees o- "-rch 2 and, as the aver--;e
caug nt this mornin.-7 was h)5 beetles ner tree, the arrival in the or-
chards between tlose dc-tes was very he-vy. (Aoril 3): s nenrlv
ready to h.tch wert found in little ne-cies tcd"v. Ovi-.sition bena
fully 2 weeks earlier than last year. A.lts are so ab:n.int that it
is es-, to find t icr on the trees anndi on t~ie gro:-.. under the trees.





7 P..


(Aril 12): The first larvae of the seaso- were founC in green peaches
on April 6. They v'ere 3 or 4 davs old. Eggs began to hatch 3 .s
earlier than list vea'r. Larve beg'an to leave -ocrch drops this year
on Anril I1', whIich is 3 wee.s earlier than lest yvear (Myr 7). There
is evcrv prospect of a serious second brood t is season.

C. H. Alden (Aoril 20): First nfults were caught on March 23 at
Cornelia. On 'rch 27, 103 beetles were caught fro,- six -oeach trees,
the highest number ever recorded fror tnis district. Cold weather has
delayed egg denositior, hoviever, and to date -nlv a few egg nunctilres
have been noted.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (Auril 23): The noluu cuarculio is very7 scarce,
judging from jarring record's made by C. S. Chad0ler in southern Illinois.

Missouri. L. Haseman (Anril 22): Have tah:en no curcu.lios at Columbia,
and in the southern -oart of the State, where -eaches are cracking their
collars, none have been observed.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (Anril 20): The noeach curculio is more abundant
than usual in central Alaba'a.

ORIEUTAL FRUIT MOTH (Grapholitha molest. Busch)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Anril): Sixty-five percent of overwintered lar-
vae p'..ooted April 20; 46 percent mortality for cag e material.

Virginia. W. J. Schocie (Anril 24): Adult peach moths were taken in num-
bers in bait-pails in orcharcs near Eoano!ce and Crozet on Alril 23.

Georgia. 0. I. Snanp (Aoril 3): The first twig injury of the season was
observed today at Fort Valley. The larvae in the twigs were about 4
days old. The eg& s began to hatch oI I0- rch 30, which is earlier than
-usual and, as a result, tne maximum number of generations (six and
partial seventh) is ex-ected this year. The dates of first t-ig in-
jury other years are as follows: Aoril 10, 1025; Aoril 20, 1:26;
Aoril 1, 1027; A-ril 25, l122; Aoril L, l'2, ; Anril 20, 1o30; Arril 22,
1931; Yav 17, 1032; Aoril 20, 19Y3, and April 21 l3-.

C. H. Alden (Anril 20): The first adult v:as cau.gnt in the bait
traos at Cornelia on Anril 9. I'o twig injury has been noted to date.

Missssio-oi. C. Lyle (A-)ri!1 23): Corresoondents at K.ount Olive and -'cv
Albanr recently' sent to thi s office oesch twigs nhich had evidently
been injured bir larv-e of this s-ecies, stating tha-t the damage v'as
quite noticeable. C)nsider'-ble injurT to nea-ch trees has also been
recently observed at State Col!ege.

FrACIT BORER (Ae :eria: exitiosa Say)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapno (Anril 20): Growth of -oeach borer larvae in Fort









alley' ws-c rcs-med, in oe'c' trees during the lnst 5 weks because of
fei t"i'": o voar -.er veth-.r. '.There h.-s ee-n no noti n to date
unIer orcn r. coritions.

LSZ?. PEACH DREE (Aeaeria noictines G. I R.)

Georgia. 0. I. Sna-on ("-.rc 2?0): Motls of Ithe sring brood are rnor' on
v:ing in Fort VA lev. As usu!, thie infest? tio: is ..v- in ne elected
orchrrfs pnt those in wvich tnere are trees with :..'.red areep.

Ohio. T. H. Parhs (A-oril 2 ): Injur- is very severe in r 7erze co..ecial
oepch orchaer' near Colun-lz. controll is i orogresc this we -c.

FE. -R

PEAR PSYLLA (Psyllia 2yricola Foerst.)

Con-ecticut. P. L-arrranz (Arri1 22): ne er _c la first angered in :Zew
Haven County in number0 on the trecs on AIril 10. ; enooition
started almost imaediatel,.

-"w Yor:. i Y. State oll. Agr. "c-'s Letter A'ri): 'Tie first e re!.r
ns'-llis to be observed were ,een o' ,- in Orange Co nt'. Flies
were genrall acbun=?nt in the Hudson 7,iver Vale'" :ri' the last
week in March anc tle first eek i: An-i, 'i o norral 1eg --
ins. During the second week of A-iril eg Is i, n 7'rs ver" era-l1 over
the HuKpoi River V.-lle, and -urin- the thL r- ee,- si 'ilr re orts
\ere received from western ieew York.

PEA: THERIPS (Taeniotinrins i-consecuens U'zel.)

ITe" York. !. Y. State Coll. Agr. "-'..-s Letter (Anril): .e firpt near
thrins of the seas in were observed on Anril 5 i lst Cout. .-.e
seemed to be 7ener-,' lv scarce over thie east .rn -0,rt of the St-te.

0regon. S. C. Jones (Anril): Adults ,re blast1'- ne-r bucs in Willasette
Valley, doing serious dama7c. Emerged Marc 1-; ovinosition A-ril e.

Cal1ifornia. S. Loclvooc' (Aoril 6): Perr tFrio 're doing consiaerrble
d>mage to opening near buds in a snal1 ocrd in Scott'- .le in
Lake County. TLis is the second vy:r that tIis ise has been 1rnown
to exist in Lake County.



BLACK Ci3R/ Y APHID (zus ccrasi Jab.)

Pew Yorl. 1. Y. Stat Col. A_:,r. :ev-s Lette (A-riI): t s bt -". Iajc g
during the first wree of the o i tre so ivr c" s 0 ... s
in t e Lake area. This ar ii sec is to bN scarce.


-7C-










A SAWFLY (Hooloc-'o- cooked Clarke)

California. S. Locknwood (A-ril 27): On A-oril 17, larv-e of this sawfly
were found doing considerable damage to voung nlump ncr Winters, in
Yolo County.

GRAPE

GRAPE LEAFHOPPER (Erythroieura comes Say)

Minnesota. A. A. Granovsky (April 22): The grape leafho.oers overrintered
in large numbers and are readily found in vineyards and gardens in
proximity of wild or cultivated hosts.

GRAPE SCALE (Asoidiotus uvae Comst.)

Kentucky. W. A. Price (A-oril 26): The graoe scale is found commonly on
grape vines and has increased rapidly during the past 2 years.



PECAN CARPEITER WORM (Cossula magnifica Stkr.)

South Carolina. F. Sherman (Aoril 20): We hsve received several reports
of damage to necrn.

FILBERT

FILBERT BUD .!ITE (Erio-hyes avellanae ".i.)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (A-oril 23): The filbert mite continues to be abun-
dant in a planting at 1Torth Sta-rford, blasting nospibl> 25 percent of
the buds.

CITRUS

CITRUS ;1HITEFLY (Dialeurodes citri Riley & H-rv-ard)

Florida. W. W. Others and M. R. Osburn (M'rch): Observations on citrus
insects were made following the freeze of December 12 Pnd 13, when
the temnerture fell to 220 F. Livin- uoaee of the ,whitefly were found
in large numbers, both on the trees and on the ground, indictti7n that
the ei'ect effect of tiae freeze arrounte. to very little, exceot to
deorive the insects of tW-ir normal food suoply by defoliation.

FLORIDA RED SCALE (Chrsoh.1b aoridum L.)

Florida. W. W. Yothers and M. R. Osburn (March): About 30 oerccnt of the
adult females of the red scale on --r-nefruit were still livin:, whereas


-F, 1-









only .6 percent v,' rre living on ...nefruit fo7ip7-e. This earees ".'i-th
inilsr obpe-", tion, r.:-e followingn tie freeze of 1 17, '"hen c -r-
cent survived on carnhor foli"-ge.

PURPLE SCALE (Leoidosa'ecs becdi e...)

Flori-a. W. V7. YotIthers nd ,. -. Osburn (MTrch): he ur'nle scale asnerred
to be :'ore resist-n-t than the red scale, the survivel of sdult fe7.eles
beins: bout 72 Toercc t in the s.--e situations ".*hre the observ,,stions
on red scale w/r, male. Gcnerarllv, all i-':, ture states of both -,,egcies
of scale were frozen.

CALIFOI'TIA RED SCALE (Chr-somnhnlus aurantii Mask.)

Arizona. C. D. Lebert (Ja.v.u""' to Aoril 23): -.irtv-seven small infes-
tatiois foundcl in the Phoenix area have a')--rentlv been eradic-te"..

CCTTO:T'-CUSHIOY SCALE (Ice r:p urchasi ::Ts:.

Arizon-. C. D. Lebert (Aoril): The cottony-c':m scale i- oc:j-nrng on
several citrus nlantings in the Phoenix area. :-.e-.rous com.olaints have
been received.. The seriousnesF of this pest is entire, offset by
the timely an-e-?rarnce of man7 of the Aus.trclian ladcvbir' b tles
(:odolia carlinalis !v'uls.). These predators are aooarent! livi up
to their reputations as outstandin exw'les of biological control.

r3'.-' CITRUS APHID (Anhis sniraecola Patch)

Florida. J. R. i7tson (Anril 27): ThIe citrus aohid has increased very
raoidlv and is no'-, very abundant on: young growtvth of citr; .. In most
casFs this is too late to o serious dCoae to trees or te comin-
cron.

Mississinni. C. L-,le ,:- assistant, (Anoril 2): T>is aohid is ver- -.':-nt
on -irep ?t Coldwater.

CITR'7'? R"ST MITE (:-h--llocoot-s olcvorv Ashm.)

Florida. Vv. W. Yothers and I. R. Osburn (March): Cservations fol.
the freeze of December 12 end 1, when the te"r;er-ture droned to 22 ?.,
show that the lov te-mner'-turo.. a'Tooreutl, dd i>ot re4uce greatly the
number of ruf't mites.

AVOCA.DO)

CITRUS ROOT 1.EEVIL (Pachnaeus litus Germ.)

Florido J, W. Watson (Anril 2): Avocado bloom i. t..e ricinitv of ,i-,iami
was at,.cked by the citrus root weevil .nd also b7 Anoiala so.







PAPAYA

PAPAYA FRUIT FLY (To:-tr'no curvicauda Gerst.)

Florida. W. W. Others an! M. R. Osburn (.I-Trch): Although the freeze
killed to the ground lire nll oanaya plants in central Florida, en ex-
amina-tior of injured. fruits revealed, a number of living larvae of the
naonrVa fruit fly. There was also considerable evidence that several
fruits had. been infested with larvae, which .lad left the frait and gone
into tjii ground to ouoate since the cold. wave.


TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

VEGETABLE WEEVIL (Listroderes obliLqus Gyll.)

South Cqrolina. WV. J. Reid and C. 0. Bare (Jrnurrv 19 to February 12): Two
vegetable growers ?t Cnarleston brought to our attention infestations of
tnis insect feeding on carrot foliage. In one field carrot toos were
danma.ed from 5 to 10 percent over an area of anoroximatelr 2 acres. The
larvae also were found feeding: on turnirs in an adjoining field. This
is the first record of the occurrence of this insect in the coastal-)lain
area of South Carolina. (Det. by L. L. 3uchanan.)

Florida. J. R. Watso> (Aoril 23): The vegetable weevil was sent in from
River Junctio Galsden Cou3ty, where it was reported to be seriously
damaging; tomatoes.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (April 20): The vegetable weevil has been abundant
on turnips dIuring the winter an' the adults are attacking the tomato
plants, carrots, an-, cabbage over the southern two-thirds of the State.

Mississio--oi. C. Lyle and as.istinnts (Anril 23): Injury to tomatoes -nd
other vegetables in Cooish an Lincoln Co nties has been reported. A
corr.esDorndent at l,.endenhalal sent sncicnens to this office, stating that
they were eating her tomato Ilants.

CUCUMWl -T'^LES (iabrotica sr..)

TC,-,'nesee. G. M. Bentley (Aerril 2L): The spotted cucumber beetle (D. duo-
dE-ciu'hrctp.t Fnb.) an, the striped cucumber beetle (D. vittnta Fab.)
are r.eo-erately abundant.

Alabana. J. X. Robin-on (Aori] 20): The twelve-snottrd cucumb r beetle
is moder1tely bun,-7-nt at Auburn.

Mississioi. C. Lvie and as-istpnts (Axril 23): Pamage to vc:getpbles by
ccubcu:ber beeti.es was obsev'-ed in Coroirh a.d Lincoln Countie onn' to
roses in Hinds Count-,. The lIrvfe of these beetles are causing vcry
severe dameae to tomato, cucu.iber, and wvstermelor -Dhnts in Stone,
Forrest, and Jones Counties, one-third of the stand being de-troxed in
some fields.

\i )L Ff-:P[









Louisiana. C. E. Smith aend P. K. Harrison (April 1): On the experimental
plots at Baton Rouge, larvae of the -sp3tted cucurrc.r beetle were observed
feedir.- on leaves of cabbie that had been covered '"ith soil durin.:- cul-
tivation.

Oregon. B. G. Thompson (April 13): Adults of the western spotted cucumber
beetle (D. soror Lee.) were beginning to fly at Co.-v-llis.

iLEA ,ZETLES (Halticinae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 27): Flea beetles ".re causing
quite a bit of damage to turnips at Y'oss Point. HeavV d&2aPJ to tomatoes:
evidently caused by flea beetles, at Crystal Sorings was reported.

A FLO'VER TTIRIPS (Fr--ki:inil- ce-halica Cv-fd.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (A-ril 23): Florida flower thrins has been increasia;-
raPidly during< the rronth, owing to the hot, dry weather. It h-s been
very abundant on late bloom of citrus, but was too late to do much i e.
It was quite injuries to beans in Albchua nnd 1.prion Counties, first
attckling the leaves, but largely migrating to the blossoms '".-n they
annepred -'ith the resultant shortenin, of the croo. Thev also destro-'ed
the blooms and shortened the tomato crop in M'arion and :-rdee Counties.

O0TIOI:' TFRIPS (Thrios tabaci Lind.)

Flor da. J. F. Watson (April 23): The onion thrios has been very destructive
to celery and beans in the Sarasota and Belle Glade sections. In the
latter section the-, started. on English oeas, from -hich the,, spread to
beans, doing very decided damage.

POTATO APD TCIrATO

COLORADO POTT9 Z-L. (Lentinotarsa deceTlineata Say)

:Te-o York. :Y. Y. State Coll. Agr. News Letter (Anril 15): H. H. Campbell,
Nassau County, observed Colorado potato beetles em.er-ir..- from soil on
Anril 11.

South Carolina. 17. C. ITettles (Anril 20): Potato beetles are more numerous
than usual in the eastern trucking area.

Florida. J. R. Watson (Aoril 23): The Colorr-do notato beetle was brought
in froam the south'-, rn nr-rt of Alachua County.

Tennessee. G. Iv. Bentlev (April 24): The Colorado potato beetle is moder-
ately 12'n1'nt.


Alpbpma. J. M. Robinson (Anril 20): Moder-tel- i ur.'nt.




-g5-


0. T. Deen (A-nril 10): The Colorado potato beetle was feeding, more
seriousl, in Baldwin County this year than for several "'.-rs past. :iost
of the farmers have dusted or sora;ed at least tr'ice.

Mississinpi. C. Lvle and assistants (Anril 23): Colorado potato beetles
are no"- generally present in practically all parts of the State.

TOMATO Pi:;O7Fi: (Gnorimoschema lyconersicella Busck)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Arril 11): T',e -ingle infestation in the State, in
a greenhouse near 'ilmington, has been eradicated by rotation of cro0s.

California. J. C. Elmore (Marci ): Infestations by the tomato nin'.vorm were
observed as early as the middle of Inrch in the early fields of tomatoes
of the upland tome to-growing areas of Orange and San Diego Counties.
(A-ril 5): At San Juan Cponistrano 21 plants were examined and 7 were in-
fested. There '-ere from one to three larvae per nlsnt, a heavy infes-
tation for this date.

B22T ABMYWOR.M (Laphyna exiZua Hbn.)

California. J. C. Elmore (Anril 5): About half of the tomato plants ex-
amined on upland never San Juan Caoistrauo were infested u.ith larvae of
the sugrbeet arnmyworm.

ALFALFA LOOPZE (Autograoha californicp Snever)

California. J. C. Elmore (March 21-27): Adultf of the alfalfa loooer were
collected1 fro-r tomato *oiles on upland areas near Santa Ana.

APHIDS (Anhiidae)

Florida. J. R. WTatson (Anoril 23): A very heavy infestation of the green
neach aphid (Eyzus persicae Sulz.) occurred on potatoes in the Hastings
section.

California. J. C. Elmore (April 5): Anhids were numerous on earlv tomatoes
on unoland at San Juan Cat.istrano. Treatment was necessary.

LEAF-FOOTED BUG (Lentoglossus phyllopus L,)

Texas. F. L. Thomas (April 2): Leef-footed bugs a-,meared -oracticallv over
night at Houston after a good rain. They are working on the tons and
tender arts of potato plants.

BEANS

MEXICAN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupta Muls.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (Anril 15): Seventy-five percent mortality in
hibernation cages at Iev'qrk.








Georgia. T. L. Bissell (April 22): The first Mexican bean beetle of the
season was found on snad beans today at :xeriment. In 1O31 the first
beetle was -found on M1ay 11.

Ohio. Y. F. Howard (Anril 23): The survival of the !'exicpn bean beetle in
hibernation cpges at Columbus is the lowest for several years.

Mississi-oi. E. W1. Dunnam (Anril 25): A single specimen of the Mexican
bean beetle ".s found feeding on garden beans at Leland.

BEANI LEAJ .Z-TL2 (Cerotoma trifurcata Forst.)

South Carolina. W. C. Uettles (Aoril 20): Bean leaf beetles were reportedA.
by truckers in tne eastern nart of the State.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (Aoril 11): The bean leaf beetle has caused consid-
erable damage to the bean crop around Fort Valley. It is abundant and
a number of complaints have been received.

T. L. Bissell (April 22): Bean leaf beetles and feeding holes are
numerous on snap beans at Experiment.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): The bean leaf beetle was
causing trouble in Greene, George, and Jackson Counties as early as
March 30. Injury in Hattiesburg and vicinity, Forrest County, ras ob-
served later.

Z. *7. Dunnn.rr (Aoril 9): Bean leaf beetles were noted injuring
the foliage of young beans in Washington County.

BAIDED CUC'17.R BEETLE (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (April 20): The belted bean beetle is scarce.

Texas. J. IT. Poney (March 1): Adults are feeding on onions, turnips,
radishes, cabbage, and mustard at Di:kinson.

California. J. C. Elmore (March 27): Adults of this cucumber beetle are
common on weeds surrounding early bean fields in Peter's Canyon, Spnta
Ana.

PEAS

PEA APHID (Illinoia Disi Kalt.)

South Carolina. M. B. Stevenson (Arnril 20): Severe damage to garden peas
observed in Oran"cburg County.

Mississipoi. C. Lyle (April 23): Heavy infestations of the Dea aohid on
EnFlish neas were reported recently from Carroll, Humnohreys, Coplah,
and Leflore Counties.







Ca. .: --ic oea -nid is quite e !bundant ir
thie i:iloitas -ea-Irov'iv list'ict 'here co-isid rabble dase is be-lr
caused tr e.,tensive mlatincs.

ZABBAG:

CABA3I:IS']-:`;T3 (Le-oidontera)

South Carolina. J... cii ?1n- 3. 3. Bare (A-Iril 20): The cabba, looner
,-'--. 7 -j iI), the i!,norted cabbafe "orr (A.scia rapeae .,
an'-2 the didmnodd-bac.: moth (u t.lla rmac li ,enrLis Cu"t.), the three so cie
an tt ''he tharoe sn cic-"

of cabb'-ee "torms mon't comfnoi; i-, the vicinitv of the South Carolina r- <
Exneri-nent St ,tior -t Chp'-'ezton, hnve been much' less abund.r-nt this
spring than usual. 'This ii 1-'-obablJ d.ue to the unususll- cold ,esther
of the nast winter. Th., total iifest-tion to date on headin- cabcbge in
an c7-nerim'ntal olanting has not e-jualed 0.5 '''or'r )ur nlant. The or:cr
of abunvance, fr)-" least to 7ost, is as list?. 1 vS.'(

IiPOT CA33A ':0::: (Ascia ranae L.)

Pennsylvaiia. H. E. .Ho' Iss (A-ril): Adults of the imnorted cabba e butter-
fly -.'ere seen in Airns 3ount- on A-ril l6 and in Centre Count-, on
'ri" 20.

Ohio. Io F. Ho-'-r' (Aril ?): An s 'ut "as observed in fliht at iariett>
on :arch 21' and another at '-!.rbus on A-,il -.

Tennessee. C-. :. Bentlv (A-):'il 2'): The c-ibcb,2'e butterfly is very common.

:0ississii. C. L,,le and assistn:its (Anril l-): Injuri' to cabbage, rang-
in'- from modiur to severe na been reported in the trucking sections
of Lincoln, ZTehoba, ond Conir-! Counties for the last- several eeiks.

Louisiana. 17. . Hinds (Aorii 27): E' 's hl.ve been found on cabbage and
coliars. since about the midl].e of ebiauarv but have not been as abun-
dant as usual.

Missouri. L. Haseman (Anril 27): Dn'mrm da'Ts durir, the month imported
cabb ;_, butterflies hav. bce-n observed in small numbers ft Columbia.
St,"-{- -T t" ,
S .... ,T CA GA"- ]JO!, (Ascia -rotodice & L. )

.Mi.ssour. L. aseman (Anril 27): At Columbia the native cabbage but'crfly
is moro abundant than the im'ncrted species.

Texas. F. L. 71homas (A-~ri' 5): Several larirve two-thir', s gro' n 7ere found
on Jaoanesc turning at College Station.

DI,;::J-BACZ :,IOT: (Plutella maculiencnnis Curt.)

Texas. J. :T. Pone7 (ilMarch 6): Adults of the i







in turnips at Dickinson -nd Su.r Land.


Utah. G. T. Kno:.1lton (A-)ril 20): Adults are ver" -bun '-nt in some -arts
of cTeber County, and moderately abundant in o-rts of Box TMder, Cache,
and Dovir Counties.

Arizona. K. B. ;:cT:inney (Ma.rch): Larvne of the diamond-back moth are very
-bun.-nt over r 7ide area of the desert in southern Arizona. :hey are
feeding in large numbers on one of the rild mustarls, Lepidium lasio-
carnum, in so.,e instances as far as 25 miles from ?r.- of cultivated
districts. The larvae vwere not found on any plants other than mustard.

H.AILEQUI-; BUG (lMur-n'ti histrionica Hahn)

South Carolina. 7. C. !'cttles (Aril 20): Destructive late in "ar:h in
Xe rsha". County.

Georia. T. L. Bissell (A-ril 3): Adult bugs abundant on fruiti-,- collard
lants kept for seed at Ex-erimcnt. About one-fourth of fruit st,-'.-:s
.'ere killed. Burs beginning to I.!- egcs.

Alabama. J. ". Robinson (Anril 20): The harlequin cabbage- bn: is -.:.dnt
and active in the centr-3. r nd southern arts of the State.

Mississinoi. C. Lyile and assistants (Avril 23): The harlequin cabbage
bug is quite numerous i', Honroe Cou-ity for this time o: the year.
H-ev- infest', ions of adults ?nd abunir-nt egg masses 'cre ob-erved in
Coa'hom-a County in both field and nol-nt beds on Anril 3. A correspon-
dent in Lincoln County re-)orted them vr,, abu-ar.nt in his garden.

C2ABAGE APHID (Brevicornc brassica L.)

Mississip-ni. C. Lyle and assistants (Anril 23): Considerable da?.mTe b"
th-e cabb.)ge anhid has been noted. in Lincoln and Coniah Counties during
the nsst montri. qThe a-hids 'ere observed in fields and nlant beds
in Bolivar County on Anril 3.

0C:TcT

A MITE (Petrobia tritici 37ing)

Tex-Ys. S. E. Jones (Aoril 5): Three fields of onions at Tncinal are in-
fested. These fields have been in onions continuously for several
years. (Det. by T. 1. "i :, 'ho says the mite has been krno n o::lv
as a "heat nest.)

S T E.v rF7RY

SO-,BUGS (Oniscidae)

Alablrrsia. J. M. Robinson (Anril 20): Stra









attacked -o- so'-'bu,-c.


i isPL spi,)-i. C. L-Ie (.'ri! ,_7): ,-ec, utl rains hi ve increaseF: dan.:;e fro1-
.nillbugs to stra7berriJs ,:n, tender & ,,' n'Lt .s I. thj v 'tin of
State Collece.
PE??SS

PPPSR V.'......V-- (Anthonomaus eugenii Can)

Clifornia. J. C Elnore (Aw'i l3): A.1 avirao o'I :'l \a nC) *r
foot of sec.I-bed ro on wil~nd ner Th- Jum-, Cu ijst-.ao, pn .nreoce-
dcnte -fin2n fo)r this ti7ie of -ruar. 'nis condiltio-' is the result of
cortinuerd '7oevil activit:, in -a .'inter oepner field near the seed bed.
IHeev" rains nreventeJ nlo-,int the field until spring. Lar.- a)lt weevil
%7ere observed (fro- 6 to 29 per nlant) on no*ner 'Iants missed b- the
disc.

BEETS

33ET ET 'T ,_ (Eutettix tenell-js Bak.)

Utah. G. F.,.Knovlton (Ai.ril ): 3e it Iofhomers arc iore abunl-nt than
usual in Salt Lke Tooele, and tah- Counties.

California. C. Cook (E,*rc' 25): The anormalrly col, ;cVt '."Lather has
retarded the development of th"u bet leafhonr-r in thu San Joaquin Val-
Iev. ?rior to the last ve.. of .a.rc. o-" r fe'-, nrm.has wure found, but
during this week larn.c onul-tions of nr. nhs '.,'ere observed in the Los
Banos hills, Big ?anoche, and Coalinga.

TOBACCO

TOBACCO FLFA BETLE (s7i I f arrula Fab.)

1Daryl.nd. 3. J. Caffre-y ("1' .): -obaccc groo"ers a't ahldorf ,n'i Aquasco
report serious daT.age i. tobacc, talent beds.

South Cprolina. 7. C. ettls (A'ril 20): Flea beetles (a1 r. l)
are injurious in seed. beds in tho easter;" -prt of the State.

Florida. F. S. Ch0-.b.rlin (Aoril 10): Very fe', tobacco flea beetle,; are
present in tobacco beds or ne'ly set tobacco ,)lants in Gadsden Counity.

Tennessee. G. E. Bentle-'.,- (A-~-ril 24): The tobacco flea beetle is moder-
ately, abundant.





"90-


FOREST AND SHADE-TREE I SECTS

A':.LER 'iCR'- (Geometridae)

Connecticut. 'V E. Pritton (April 23): .s of fall canker worms
(Alsophila pometaria Harr.) are extremely abundant on deciduous trees
in southern and southwestern parts of the State ano another canker -'.orm
season is expected. Eggs have not hatched as yet but a few warm days
will bring then out,

California. S. .,3kwood (April 23): Canker worms were found in two prune
orchards in S2'&ma, The larvae were half grown at the time, and con-
siderable defoliation had occurred.

PR0.'Ii-TAIL -v TH (i"g... phaeorrhoeaa Don.)

Massachusetts. L. H. Worthley (March): The extremely cold weather of a
year ago was responsible for the reduction in infestations. However,
in locations where the webs were on low-hanging bushes near stone walls,
the drifted snow protected the webs and the caterpillars survived.
Recently the district inspector at Amherst found 75 brownr.-tail webs,
containing living larvae, on one apple tree.

HAL.F-WIVI GELCKlT-R (Phigalia titea Cram.)

Mlassachusetts. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (April 19): In the hardwood forests
of the eastern part of Massachusetts, moths of this species seem to be
unusually conmon this spring.

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.)

ITew Hampshire. L. K. Wcthley (ipril 22): An outbreak of forest tent
caterpillars is expected in the Keene area, where 600,000 egg clusters
were collected by school children in 3 weeks' time. At 'shrole, last
summer, most of the large shade trees were completely defoliated in the
village section r'n.i apple orchards suffered heavy damage.

Vermont. L. H. Jorthley (April 22): At a nursery in Putney r=nr.erous egg
clusters of the forest tent caterpillar were removed from shipments of
stock offered for inspection.

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): An unusually heavy in-
festation of the forest tent caterpillar has occurred this month in the
coast counties. The caterpillars occur- principally on oak trees,
but are also found on sweeteum, pecan, and other trees. A number of
rosebushes have been defoliated.

ASH

FT1,CE ASH F'-'-R (Neoclytus caprea Say)

Nebraska. I!. H. Swenk (April 20): The banded ash borer was reported on
Sr aning ash trees in Knox Cou




-0.1-





iL! SCURFY SCALZ (Chionaspis americana Johns.)

Uryland. E. I. Cory (April 26): Reported attacking elm at Chestertown.

EIT BORiLR (Saperda tridentata Oliv.)

Nebraska. ". H. Swenk (April 20): Reports of the elm borer working in
elm trees were received from Chase, logan, and Cass Counties from March
26 to April 17,

FIR

AN APHID (Dreyfusia piceae Ratz.)

New England. H. J. M\acAloney (March): An examination was made of several
areas in New Hampshire and northern Massachusetts, where infestations of
the balsam woolly bark louse had been previously found. The winter has
been favorable for the successful hibernation of tie bark lice, ana the
survival is perhaps heavier than last year.

HEMLOCK

A BARK BORER (Melanophila fulvoguttata Harr.)

Vermont. H. L. Bailey (A.pril 25): Serious damage by the spotted hemlock
borer reported at Besin Harbor and Ferrisburg.

HICKORY

A HICKORY GALL APHID (Phylloxera sp.)

Texas. F. L. Thomas (jpFril 1): Serious injury of hickory is expected
because ol the abundance of Phylloxera sp,, at Henderson.

JUJLIPER

YUNIPER VIEB.P0RM (Dichomeris marginellus Fab.)

Ohio, J. S. Houser (April 16); Causinc d;r.'je to nursery stock, especial-
ly Irish juniper, fn 3Stra-gitlri.

LARCH

LARCH CASE PE-,IER (Coleophora laricella Hbn.)

Messachusetts. J. V. Schaflfner, Jr. (April l9): Counts of the hibernating
larvae and dissections of -iry.ple collections from observation plots in
New England and northern New York indicate that the present infestation
is fully as serious as in 1i34.


R. E. Horsey (April 23); A number of'overwintering- cases of the


New York.








larch case bearer were found on American larch at Rochester, and a
revpre infestation on a large planting of young larch trees wes report-
ed. The twigs were said to be "'ringed" with the overwintering cases.

.MAPLE

JAPANESE MAPLE SCALE (Leucaspis japonica Ckll.)

Connecticut. R. E. Fri-nd (April 27): This scale is abunr.dcnt on a row of
Norway maple street trees in New Haven.

New York. E. P. Felt (April 23): The Japanese scale is somewhat abundr-.t
at Lawrence, L. I., -nd generally present at Freeport, L. I., alt'-.ugh
in both localities the numbers o0 the scales appear to have been greatly
reduced by the extreme cold of the winter of 1933-34.

0/K

WA7ER-0AK SCALE (Lecanlum quercifoex Fitch)

South Carolina. J. A. Perly (April 20): Observed in abundance on oak in
many places over the State.

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (April 11): All water oaks in McDonough appear to
bo infested. (Det. F. Morrison.)

HORI-;D OAK GALL (Andricus ccrni-eruJ 0. S.)

l'ississipri. C. Lyle (April 27): A heavy infestation of galls caused by
A. cornigerus was found on water-oak trees at Kosciusko on March 30.

PIDE

EUROPEAI PINE SHOOT :iCTH (Rhyacionia buoliana Schiff.)

Northeastern United States. J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (April 19): The severe
cold in the winter of 1933-34 caused a tremendous mortality of the
European pine shoot moth in southern New England and New York, almost
exterminating the pest in some plantinzs- in eastern Massachusetts. How-
ever, it has been found that on low-growing pines, especially Pinus mon-
tana mughus, enough R. buoliana survived to build up considerable in-
festations in several localities. Collections taken this spring. from
mugho pine heve shown a mortality from all causes other than wrasitiza-
tion of 21 percent at Lynn, Mass., and of 22 percent at lelmont, Mass.,
while collections on red pine from southern Connecticut and Long Island,
N. Y., have shown mortalities ranging from 27 to 79 percent.

A BARK APHID (Aphiidae)

North Carolina. R. W. Leiby (:'rch 13): A bark aphid is present on white
pine in average numbers and is the source of some complaint in Biltmore,
a suburb of Asheville.









SCOTCH rilE LECANI-1' (Toumeyella numismaticum Pettit & McDaniel)

Michigan. E. I. McDaniel (April 3C): Today we received a specimen from
Marion, where it was infestine Jack pine. This is one of the first
records that vwe heve had of this species on wild trees.

PINE NEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)

Pennsylvania. E. P. Felt (April 23): The pine needle scale was found in
small numbers on hemlock from the Philadelphia area. This insect is
rather common, -nd occasionally occurs in great abundance on various
pines, especil.'y th] Austrian pine. The scale was abundant on a small
Colorado blue spruce from Denver, Colo,

TULIP TREE

TULIP TREE SCALE (Toumeyella liriodendri Gmel.)

North Carolina. R. W. Leiby (March 13); A few complaints concerning this
insect indicate severe injury in places near Scotland Neck.


I N S E C T S A F F E C T I N G GREENHOUSE

AND 0 ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

A CHIRONOMID (Spaniotoma sp.)

Michigan. L* I. McDaniel (April 11): On March 21 a greenhouse man in the
vicinity of Detroit brought a quantity of radishes grown under glass
into the laboratory for examination. They were badly scarred by the
work of a mnli.:ot, belonging to the genus Spaniotoma, probably ster-
coraria DeG, This is the first time this species has been reported
doing damage to crops grown under glass in Michigan. (Det, A. Stone.)

CUBAN-LAUREL THRIPS (Gynaikothrips uzeli Zimm.)

Florida, J. R. datson (April 23): The Cuban-laurel thrips has been
very destructive on one estate at Bocagrande.

T'.IO-MARK=D TREE HOPPER (Enchenopa binotata Say)

Connecticut. E. P. Felt (April 23): The two-spotted tree hopper attract-
ed notice in Redding, through the numerous waxy coverings over areas
where epgs had been deposited on ornamentals.

WHITEFLIES (Aleurodidae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): Very heavy infestations
of whiteflies on ornamental plants were observed recently at Jackson,
Morton, Magee, and Piney Wioods.


-93-









OYSTER-S:-2LL SCAL (Lepidosaphes ulmi L.)


Kentucky. .'.V A. Price (fpril 26): The oyster-shell scale is more abundant
than usual.

Minnesota. G. Rugles (April 22): Oyster-shell scale abur.-'.-.t in
neglected orchards and on cotoneaster he-ges wherever these are :-r'.:n
in the State.

d' *':.'.:./IT --

ARBOR"' Lp '. IIID (Dilachnus thujafilina Del Guer.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle anc assistants (jpril 25): The heaviest infestation
of aphids,probably D. tnujafilina, on arborvitae in years is reported at
Aberdeen. General infestations occurring in other parts of the 3tate
have been reported.

Oklahoma. F. A. Fenton (April 23): The usual amount of i.e caused to
arborvitae is being noticed.

.hZALEA

LACELU'rU; (Tingididae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 25): Undetermined species of lacebugs were
heavily infesting azaleas at Columbus on March 30.

CIL'LLILh

SCALE I::2ECTS (Coccidae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): Fiorinia' theae Gr=-n and
Lepidosaphes camelliae Hoke were reported as moderately abun.-ar.t on
Camellia japonica plants in Jackson. Serious injury to tl'.is plant at
Aberdeen was also reported.

LEO DAR

Fr"DA1R WEEVIL (Pissodes deodarae Hopk.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 23): Serious damatgc by the larvae was found
on Cedrus deodara twigs received from Waynesboro on-April 1.

GLADIOLUS

GLADIOLUS THRIPS (Taeniothrips gladioli M. & S. )

Florida. J. D. '.atson (April 23): The gladiolus thrips increased in num-
bers and reached serious proportions in several sections of the' State.








-55-


HOLLY

HOLLY LEAF MIE5R (Phytomyza ilicis Curt.)

New York and Pennsylvania. E. P. Felt (April 23): The holly leaf miner
was found to be rather abundant on a number of trees near Philadelphia,
Pa., and rlso at Locust Valley, N. Yo

:Mary-K. Peters (April 23): The holly leaf miner has damaged holly
leaves on Long Island,

OLEA' LER

OLEAKTDEB APHID (Aphis nerii Fonscol.)


Florida.


J. R. Vvatson (April 23): The oleander aphid hes been very abun-


dant on new sprouts.


A SCALE ITSECT (Parlatoria oleae Colv.)

California. E. 0. Essig (April 24): I have received some splendid speci-
mens from Fresno, where they were taken from California privet.

ROSE

ROSE I'hID (":acrosiphum rosae L.)


Tennessee.
roses.


G. M. Bentley (April 24): Aphids are moderately abundant on


Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 27): ::ew growths of roses are becoming in-
fested with aphids. The usual population of lacewings and ladybeetles
is found associated 'iith aphid infestations.



SUTJ1C BEETLE (ilepharida rhois Forst.)

Florida. J. R. Watson (April 23): The sumac beetle was quite injurious to
Brazilian pepper (Schinus) in the southern part of the State.

YUCCA

A YUCCA IOYT (Tegeticula sp.)

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (April 5): Yucca moths have been seriously darniping
yucca seed pods (desired for roadside planting) in the Kanab-Mount
Carmel area.






-q6-


I N S E C T S T T A C K I G MA N A D

D 0 M E S T I C A 7, I M A L S

I^AN

A :03,(UITO (Aedes cantator Coq.)

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (April'23)': Abundance of half-mature larvae ob-
served in salt marsh areas about Rehoboth Bay, Sussex County.

DOXELDER T-UG (Leptocoris trivittatus Sey)

Miichigan. E. I. McDaniel (April 11): The boxelder bug has been increasing
in numbers in Michigan for the last 3 years. Fro.- the first of January
to the 10th of April complaints have been received fro:: many localities.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (ijpril 27): Boxelder bugs are beiT reported froi ell
over the State.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (April 20): Reports of boxelder bugs were received
from Howard and Pierce Counties on March 22 and March 27, respectively.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (April 2): Boxelder bugs are very annoying at ?n
electric power plant in Logan Canyon.

SAND FLIUS (Cbironomnidae)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): Sand flies are very
abundant and annoying in sections of Pescagoula Pnd :.ozs Point.

Missouri. L. F 'seman (April 23): An epidemic ofa fair-sized species of
punky has been annoying livestock and man at Columbia..

BLACK WIDOW SPIDZ. (Latrodectus mactans. Fab.)

Louisiana. H. A. Jaynes (March 28): A spider wps collected on the gang-
plank of a boat at Toumna, ond was determined as the bleck widow.

Missouri. L. Hsseman (A.pril 23): The first specimen of the black widow
spider, a full-gro'n female, :is brought to the office on April 22.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (April 20): Inquiries or reports of black widow
spiders came from Harlan -nd Webster Counties on March 31 and A4ril 2,
respectively.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (;t'pril 20): Elack wvidow spiders h:ve recently been
picked up at Kaysville, Layton, Logan, Clearfield, r-.i'rnincton, and CO:den.
They appear to be fairly abundant in these localities.






-97-


AMERICAN DOG TICK (Dermaoentor variabilis Say)

Maryland and Virginia, F. C. Bishop (Arril 30): Reports indicate that
this tick is quite abundant in the District of Columbia and nearby Mary-
land and Virginia. Some dogs are said to carry as many as 50 ticks.
The pest began to appear early in April and increased markedly toward
the end of the month.

CATTIE

SCREW W1ORMS (Coohliomyia spp.)

Georgia. E. C. Cushing (May 1): R. A. Roberts, of the Savannah laboratory,
reports that screw worm cases are of frequent occurrence in the southern
counties. Counties in the vicinity of Savannah reported two such cases
each. Infestations are appearing as far north as Fulton and McDuffie
Counties, The laboratory is receiving an increasing number of requests
daily from county agents and stockmen for materials to treat cases.

Florida. E. C. Cushing (T--y I): W. V. King states that replies received
from 22 county agents in north-central Florida from April 11 to 15
indicate an increasing number of cases in 15 counties and a rapid in-
crease in 2 others. Infestations are occurring in central Florida in
areas uninfested last year. Wany cases were reported from southwestern
counties durin-_ the last 10 days of April. There is every indication
that tha number of cases will show a rapid increase in the northern
counties during May. Later reports indicate thal serious trouble is
developing in Highlands and Osceola Counties.

Texas. E. C. Cushing (May 1): At Sonora it has been reported that screw
worm flies have been rapidly increasing since the first of April, not-
withstanding the continued dry weather.

D. C. Parimen (April 30): A great many screw worm cases were report-
ed around Uvalde late in iWorch and early in April, but the cool weather
later in April checked the pest. There are now about three cases per
1,000 head in sheep and one per 1,000 head in cattle.

HO'R FLY (Uaematobia irritans L.)

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 23): Iispector F. A. Smith reports that the
horn fly was very abundant at Courtland on April 18.

Missouri. L. Haseman (April 22): As yet horn flies hove not appeared in
any numbers on cattle.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (April 27): E. G. Kelly reported the horn fly as
attacking cattle for the first time this year on April 5 in Clay County
and on April 4 in h'.shington County.









STr.FLL iLY (Stomoxys calcitruns L.)

Missouri. L. Hseman (April 22): As yet stabl- flies have not ar-r.red in
any numbers on cattUl.

Kansas. H. 1. r ryson (Aipril 27): L. C. Xelly reported the stable fly as
attacking cattle for the first time this year on 1.pril 4 in Washirton
County, ird on April 5 in Clay County.

CATTTLE GRUF3 (Hypoderma spp.)

Lissouri. L. Haseman April l 22): Apparently all grubs have left the backs
of cattle.

Mississippi, C. Lyle (April 25): Inspector F. A. Smith reported that ox
warbles (H. lineatum DeVill.) were causing considerable annoyance to
cattle at Coldwater on i.pril 2.

SHORT-:KG-D CATTLE LOUSE (Haemiatoprinus eurysterrus ?itz.)

Kansas. E. G. Kelly (April 27): On April 4 the short-nosed'ox lbuse was
very abundant nnd doing much damr!ge to six herds of cattle examined in
Clay County,

EAR TICK (Ornithodoros megnini Dunes)

Kansas. H. R. Brysbn (April 27): On April 1 the spinose ear tick was re-
ported in one herd of.cattle at Tescott. Some cows in this herd were
brought to Ottawa County from Wallace County in l30. -. G. Kelly pre-
viously reported finding these ticks in considerable numbers in ,.lInce
County.

Texas. 0. Go. Pabcock (April): The spinose ear tick is more abui.-n.t than
usual and is causing considerable damage to livestock, especially in the
areas south of Sonora.



A BIFFALO GNAT (Eusimulium pecuarum Riley)

Mississippi. C. Lyle and assistants (April 23): F-:ffalo gnats were ob-
se.rved near Drew, in Sunflower County, on :.'arch 30 and at Savage, -Tte
County, on April 18. The gnats were very annoying to mules, sheep,
and other animals at Moss Point, Jackson County, on March 26 and quilp
numerous at Neely, in Greene County, on April 13. Poth are '.ew areas
for the gnats in :.ississippi.


-Qg-




-99-


HOUSE 0 HOLD AND STORED-PRO DUCTS INSECTS

TEPJR2 I3 (RPeti~ul^ ltefms spl.)

New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (April 23): On April l1 the ommnon termite
R. flavipes Kol. was swarming in one of the buildings in Durham.

Cornnecticut. M. P. Zappe (April 22): T-rmites arA either more abundant
than ever before or people are becoming more conscious of their prr-sncp.
W1P have hsa about 25 complaints since January I.

New York. Mary K. Peters (April 23): There is a serious infestation of
termites on Long Island. I am receiving complaints almost every day.

Pennsylvania. T. L. Guyton (April 23): Reports of the occurrence of ter-
mites in the Philadelphia district are rather numerous.

Delaware. L. A. Stearns (April): Frequent reports of damage were receiv-
ed from various localities.

Ms-ryland. E. N. Cory (April 26): Infestations in houses.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (April 6): Termites are about as abundant as usual
in Fort Valley, in buildings. They were swarminrg on April 6, and the
usual complaints are coming in.

Ohio. T. H. Parks (April 24): Termites are very abundant and we receive
many calls each ,eek asking for methods of control.

N. F. Howard (April 23): Swarms of winged termites have been ob-
served in Columbus for the past 2 weeks. On April 20 several people
observed thousands of these insects at various locations in the northern
end of Columbus.

Illinois. W. P. Flint (April 23): Mreny reports of d-mesfe are being re-
ceived, In many cases serious injury to buildings occurred before the
insects were discovered.

Michigan. E. I. MJcDniel (April 11): The termite situation in Michigan is
about the seme as it has been for the last 4 or 5 years. However,
people are giving it more consideration since the Federal Housing Com-
mittee insists that houses be put up termite proof. Complaints of ter-
mites have been received from many localities since January 1.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (April 27): White ants are doing serious damage in the
floors and woodwoDrk of buildings in Keokuk and Dpnmnrk.

Miss-,ouri. L. Haseman (April 23): An unusual number of colonies of termites
were s-:ar.-ring in Columbia during the month.

Mississippi. E. W. Dunnam (April 5): Termites were reported to be damaging
the foundation and floor joists of a residence at Tpnrd.






-100-


Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (April 20): A report of termites (R. tibielis Ek-.)
worbing at the roots of a tree in Harlan County was received onr. Aril Q.
On April 17 a report ...s received from Fillmocre County of a resii-ne
infested ;Ath termites.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (April).: Termites were infesting dwelling- at al]&s
and Fort Worth on April 18. Three houses were infest-d at Corpus
Christi on Trrch 20, and termites were swarming at Hearne on April 4.

-=.T- (Formicidae)

Georgia. T. L. Bissell (April 25): Ants are reported as being very
troublesome at Newnan-in houses and yards; killim. strawberry-plants 'y.
loosening soil from the roots; invading hens' nests and killing hatching
chicks; and injuring boxwood at Griffin by loosening: soil at the roots.

Louisiana. H. C. Young (March 24): On I.'rch 24, a piece of clothing in a
hotel at L.'rnroe was literally covered with several thousand fire ants
(Solenopsis xyloni McCook). Durir the night the ants had cor.regated
on the garment and eaten numerous holes in it. A few ants rer dis-
tributed throughout the room. The m-anager of the hotel informed me that
they had been troubled with ants for several yers on the =rouLn fl:'r,
and that since lAst July they have been annoying on the upper floors.

Mississippi. C. Lyle (April 23): Fire ants (S. xyloni) are generally
abundant in all sections of the State, being especially noticeable in
strawberry fields and in gardens.

M. R. Suith (.'srch 22): On March 22 a correspondent at Pheba sent
in winged queens of the fire ant S. xyloni. A correspondent at Col2,.-
bus wrote of this ant, "they are taking possession of nmy strawberry,
asparagus, and rose patches." (April 21): Carpenter ants of the
species Camponotus caryae rasilis Wheeler were found infesting hous-?7 at
State College, and acrobatic ants, Cremcntopastgr ashmeadi .':ayr, have
been giving telephone officials in West Point trouble for a number of
years. The ants short circuit telephone wires in rainy weather by re-
moving the rubber insulation from the wires in the terminal boxes, as
well as the insulating material back of the porcelain plate. At Stark-
ville the writer saw hundreds of C. laeviuscula var. clara F.ery inmd-
ing an artificial bird nest. I.'' ny winged queens of pheidole sp. w.re
-wjrming at College :.-ition on March 26.

BROAD-HOR=ED FLOUR BTETLE (Gnathocerus cornutus F-b.)

Kansas. G-. P. Wa7tgner (March); During the month a number of adults, l.rvae,
and pupae of the broad-horned flour beetle were taken from a flour mill
in Kansas City. This is the second time this species has been taken in
the southwestern million, district. One specimen was taken from a mill
in central i'ansas in 1)'2. Data gathered sir the insect was found
seem to Indicate that it came into the mirAll 'fr-:. some patent flour, very
probably returned from an eastern or southern customer.






-101-


SAW-TOOTHED GRAIIT BEETLE (Oryzaephilus surinamensis L.)

California. F. S. Stickney, D. F. Barnes, and Perez Sii-rnons (:ovenrber):
In November 19-34 cucujid beetles were numerous in fallen dates at the
Government Dete Garden near Indio. Specimens have been identified as
the saw-toothed grain beetle. The abiundant occurrence out of doors
of this post of stored materials probably has not been recorded before
in the United States.

A LEk.[STID (Trogoderma tarsalis Melsh.)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (April 2b): Several reports have been received of
the presence of larvae in houses.


INSECT COI'LITI(US IN HAITI FOR MRCH AND APRIL 1935
Py
Andr6 Audant

Reports from Jacrmel and Gonaives indicate that the boll weevil
(Anthonomus grandis Boh.) is gradually disappearing from the cotton planta-
tions. In some instances the weevils have punctured the petioles of the
bolls. They are apparently going under trash, as the harvest season cFo.e.e
to an end.

The last broods of cotton stainers, Dysdercus spp., are dwindling
away in the advanced cotton fields of the Cul de Sac plain.

Citrus whiteflies (Aleurodidae) have been observed in connection
with the green scale (Coccus viridus Green) and sooty mold around Petion-
ville.

The onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lind.) has become quite abundant in
gardens of the Port au Prince district.

The first generation of Feltia annexa Treit. has appeared in newly
planted fields of potatoes on the Riochelois ridge, attacking tubers at 10 cm
below the surface.

Crickets, Gryllu sp., have been observed cutting the tender budi of
roses in the vicinity of Fort au Prince.

Calpodes ethlium Cram, is severely damaging canna beds in the district
of DamiPn.

ITSECT ITOTES FROM PUERTO RICO FOR APRIL 1935

G. N. Wolcott reported on April 10, that a serious and destructive
outbreak of the onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lind.) has recently developed and
threatens to destroy almost the entire crop on the extensive plantings of
onions, made in many parts of the island by the Relief Administration.




UNIVERSE TY OF FLORIDA
II I IIIII 11 1 11I
3 1262 09244 6862



S-riyIlng was begun too late to be of much value end an externei drought now
eliminates all possibility of control.

Mr. Wolcott also reports that the present dro-iht is responsible f'r
the appearance of the cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchase Mask.) in
noticeable abundance at various points in the previously infested area, but
none of the citrus growers cor.nlg to the laboratory for a supply of Rodolia
cardinalis Muls. to release in their groves, report a heavy infestation*
The scale has spread very little, not yet (April 10) haVin,-' reached V-g!.
Erja in its westward dispersion.

F. C. Bishopp reported on April 16 that specimens of flies sent to
the Bureau by H. L. Van Volkenberg, parasitologist of the Puerto Pico Agricul-
tural Zxr-riment Station at Mayaguez, have been identified as Cochliomyia
americana Cushing and Patton. This is the species that has recently caused
so much dimje to livestock in the Southeastern States. Thile the fly is
known to be present on other islani.z in the West Indies, this is the first
authentic record of its occurrence in Puerto Rico.

IU2L-CT CONDITIONS ITl HAWAII FOR :.IRCH 1935
By
0. C. McBride

cotton bolls have just reached the stage for infestation by the pink
bollworm (pectinophora gossypiella SLund.). Approximately 90 percent of
the bolls are infested, the infestation ranging from one to seven larvae per
boll. Parcsitization (by 7 species of parasites) is quite low. Cotton
from ;laianoe, Oahu, shows less than 0.5 percent parasitization and from Hono-
lulu about 1 percent.

Although fruits were scarce during ;::rch,the abundance of the !editer-
renean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) in citrus and mango orc'.:r s in-
creased 50 percent over February. Parsistization at this season is v-ery
low--approximately 10 percent.

Reports indicate that the melon fly (Fectrocera cu-urbitap Coq.) is
doing considerable damage to Chinese cucumbers. Growers are trapping and
covering fruits for protection.