THE INSECT PEST SURVEY
Volume 15 March 1, 1935 Number 1
ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
Digitized by the Internet Archive
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 15 March 1, 1935 No. 1
REPORTERS FOR TFE INSECT 7-EC SiTY'.ZY'
The rntori.ologists of th3 Bureau of Ento-ology end Plant
Quarantine, U. S. Department of Agriculture
Dr. J. M. Robinson, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Auburn
Mr. C. D. Lebert, P. 0. Box 200G, Phoenix
Dr. W. J. Baerg, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
M1r. Dwight Isely, Universit-' of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Dr. W. B. Eerms, University of California, Berkeley
Prof. E. 0. Zssig, University of California, Berkeley
Mr. S. Lockwood, Bureau of Plant ?i.3rantine and Control,
Department of Agriculture, Sacramento
Mr.r H. S. Smith, Citrus Experiment Station, Riiverside
Mr. H. J. Ryan, County Agricultural Building, Los Angeles
Mr. D. B. Mackie, Department of Agriculture, Sacramento
"r. M. L. Jones, -r-:---rtment of Agriculture, Sacramento
Mr. A. E. Michelbacher, University of California, Berkeley
Dr. A,. ,. :;orrill, 815 Hill Street, Los 'n.-eles
'Mr. L. 1. Smith, University of California, Deciduous Fruit
Fiel] Station, Route 1, Box 232, San Jose
Mr. F. H. Wymore, College of Agriculture, Davis
M1r. G. S. Hensill, University of California, Berkeley
Mr. J. F. Lnimr.n, University of California, Berkeley
Dr. C. P. Gillette, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins
Dr. G. :. List, State Agricultural College, Fort Collins
1,. E. Britton, A7ricultural Eyperiment Station, New Haven
E. P. Felt, Bartlett research Laboratory, Stamford
P. Garman, Agricultural x;2erimnent Station, New ::.?,en
N. Turner, Agricultural Experiment station, "-e" Hsven
M. P. Iappe, Agricultural Experi.:ent Station, New H Tven
Dr. L. A. Stearns, Agricultural Experiment Station, "e.v.'rk
W4ilnon I-'::e!!, Agricultural Ev-eriinnt- Station, Geinesville
J.ar. 'atson, Agriculturjl _x. riinnt Station, Gainesville
2. W. ?erger, State Plant -"rd, Gainesville
K. T. Fernald, 707 Z'?st Concord Avenue, Orlando
Georgia Mr. M. S. Yeomans, State Board of Entomology, 'Atlante
Mir. C. HI. jAlden, State 2oard of EntomolO-y, Cornelia
SM-r. 4. B.' Ol& 1rke, FeP:ch Experiiment- Sta.tion, ThozT.aton
Mr. J. P. Gill, Box 572, Albany
Idaho Prof. Claude .srk eland, University of Idaho, Moscow
Illinois Mr. W. P. Flint, State Natural History Survey, JUrane
Dr. T. H. Prison, State I atural History Survey, 'rbane
Dr. C. L. ..etcalf, State Natural Fis tory Survey, Urtanra
Indiana Prof. J. T, Davis, Pardue Univer.ity, Lafayette
Iowa Dr. Carl J. Drake, Io'.a State College, Ames
Mr. H. E. Jaques, Iowa .iesleyan Collage, Mt.. Pleasant
Kansas Prof. .G. A. Dean, State Agricultural .Coj.lege, 1:anhettan
Dr. E.. B. Hungerford, University of Kanses,, Lawrence
Prof. H. 1. L.ryson, State I*ricultural College, manhattan
Kentucky Prof. W. j. Price, University of Kentucky., Lex ap-:ton
Louisiana Dr. IN,. E. Hinds, State University, Baton Rouge
Dr. H. L. Dozier, 1019 Joseph St., Ne.w C.rle.ens
Maine Dr.. H. B. Peirson, State of Faine For.est Service, Augusta
Maryland Dr. . '. Cory, University of LMAryland, .College Park
Messschusetts Mr. J'.. I. Bourne, agricultural Experii.eent station, .nherst
Michigan Prof. R. H. Pettit, State College of .A4riculture, East Lansirg
:r. Rey Uutson, State College of Agriculture, East Lansing
: iniesota Prof .. A. G. Ruggles, University of M.innresota, University Farm,
Mississippi Mr. Clay Lyle, State Plant Poard, State College
Missouri Dr. L. Hasenan, University of Missouri, .Colurbia
Montana Dr. A. L. Strand, State Collfge, Bozer;.n
'.-braska Prof. V. i, Swenk, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Mr. D. B. ..'helan, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Mr. L. M. Gates, Depart-ent of -'griculture, Lincoln
Nevada Mr. G. G. Schweis, P. C, Fox 10.7, Reno
rew Hampshire Mr. L. C. Glov-r, -,.! ricultural +Lxriment nationn, Durh 2m
Dr. T. J. Heedlee, University of New Jersey, Yew Brunswick
Mr. H. B. VWeiss, Chief, Bureau of Statistics and Inspection,
Department of Agriculture, Trenton
Dr. J, R. Eyer, College of Agriculture, State College
Prof. C. R. Crosby, Cornell Universi'ty, Ithaca
1.!r. P. J. Parrott, A ri cultural Experiment Station, Geneva
Dr. B. D. Glasgow, Me York State Museum, -Albany
Mr. P. J. Chapman, Box 51, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie
Prof. A. H. MacAndrews, Depert.,ent o-f oreet Entomology,
State College, Syracuse
Mr. BR. z. Horsey, Highland Park, Rochester
Dr. Z. P. Metcalf, State College, State College Station,
Dr. h. *. Leiby, Department of Agriculture, Raleigh
Prof. J. A. Lunro, North Dakota A.gricultural College, State
College Station, Fargo
Prof. T. H. Parks, Ohio State University, Columbus
Mr. J. S, Houser, AIgricultural experiment Station, booster
Dr. H. Osborn, Ohio State University, Columbus
I.ro i. W, :.'endenhall, Ohio State Department of agriculture ,
97 Brighton Road, Columbus
Mr. J. N. Knull, Ohio State University, Columbus
Dr. F. A. Fenton, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical
MIr. C. F. Stiles, Extension Entomologist, Oklahoma agriculturall
and :'echanical College, Stillwater
Dr. D. C. Mote, State Agricultural Oollege,Corvallis
Dr. T. L. Guyton, Bureau of Plant industry, Harrisburg
Prof. H. E. Hodgkiss, Pennsylvania State College, State College
Mr. ,. B. Champlain, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
IMr. 1. B. Kirk, Bureau of Plant Industry, Harrisburg
Mr. J. R. Stear, c/o Koppers Experiment Farm, Ligonier
ir. C. A. Thomas, Pennsylvania State College, Kennett Square
Mr. h NY Worthley, Pennsylvania State College, State College
Dr. A. *. Stene, State Depart;,ent of Agriculture, Kingston
Prof. Franklin CL=rman, Clemson College
Prof. H. C. Severin, State College of agriculturee and Mechanic
Prof. G. !;. Bentley, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
HavTe i i
.ex i co
Dr. F. L. Thom-as, Agricultural -xpevir-:ent- Station, College
Prof. G. F. Knowlton, Ajricultural Experiment Station, Logan
Prof. C. J. Sorenson, Agricultural Exleriment Station, Logan
Ir. H,. L. Bailey, State Depart.n.-t of Agriculture, Mont'elier
Dr.,' d. J. Schoene, Virginia Agricultural *Exreriment Station,
Dr. H. walkerr Virginia Truck "Experiment Station, Norfolk
Mr. C. R. ,illey, Division of Plant Industry, 1112 State Office
Mr. M. H. Hatch, University of ton, Seattle
Prof. R. L. Webster, State College of '.eshir.-ton, Pullrmsn
Dr. L. M. Peairs, West Virginia University, "or-7r.town
Prof. e. 2. Ru-msey, Agricultural Zx sririent Stetion, !'organtown
ITr. E. L. Ch:ambers, State Department of Agriculture, 1adison
Dr. C. L. Fluke, University of Wisconsin, Madison
"r. C. L. Corkins, Office of State Entomologist, Powell
Mr. G. N. Wolcott, Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras
Mr. 0. H. Swezey, Hawaiipn Sugar Planters' Association,
Dr. Alfonso Dampf, AvenidarInsurrentes 171, San Jacinto,
Mexico, D. F.
Dr. C. H. Bllou, Apartado 1368, San Jose
MIr- E. J. Hambleton, Instutito Biologico-de Defesa i'ricola,
MIr. A. H. Rosenfeld, Botanical and Plant Brc-edinE. Section,
Ministry of Agriculture, El Giza
TiE :.ORZ IMPORTANT RECORDS FOR J.-.JUARY A FD F-'h BRY 1935
vve have inaugurated a new feature in the Bulletin by issuing more de-
tailed survey papers as supplementary numbers to the current numbers. These
can be published at any time during the year and will appear as supplements to
the last published number. We invite our reporters to avail themselves of
this opportunity of publishing results of detailed surveys which would not
otherwise be placed on permanent record.
This year the Survey is making a particular effort to round out its in-
formation on the biological distribution of the several species of the genus
Phyllophaga, and will appreciate any assistance its reporters can give in send-
ing in beetles, with definite records as to locality and date of collection.
In the early summer of 1935 Brood IX of the periodical cicada is
scheduled to appear in the eastern Appalachian region, the center of the Brood
being in western Virginia and southern West Virginia. The 15-year race this
year is represented by Brood XXI whichsbould appear in the South .tlantic and
Gulf States, principally in northwestern Florida, western j.labamia, and eastern
Mississippi. iMore detailed information will be given in a supplement to the
Survey Bulletin which will appear later in the season.
The army cutworm was quite prevalent during late December and Febru:ry
in Nebraska and Kansas.
Late winter observations indicate that the chinch bug suffered but little:
winter mortality in Kansas, about 10 percent mortality in Indiana, and a similar
-percentage of mortality in Illinois. This mortality, however, is not suffi-
cient at any point materially to interfere with the forecast of heavy popula-
tions given by the fall surveys.
The green bug was observed early in February in considerable numbers in
the State of Coahuila in Miexico.
The pea aphid was extrc:eely scarce on vetch during January in the
Willamette Valley of Oregon, the populations being very decidedly lower than
they were in the early part of 19.4.
The sugarcane borer suffered very heavy mortality as the result of the
severe freeze which occurred during the third we3k in January in Louisiana.
Exr-ijictions made during the third week in February indicated that the mortality
averaged approximately o90 percent of the overwintering larvae. A similar
heevy mortality following very severe freezing is reported from the Beaumont
area in Texas, where the mortality reached from 80 to 96 percent as ccmrared
with a mortality of 14 percent in the winter of 1i33-34.
The San Jose scale ,vas apparently not severely injured by the winter
conditions in Illinois. This insect was reported as very abundant in the
The California red scale s found at Phoenix, jriz.
The severe frost of December so interfered with ne". growth on citrus in
Florida that the citrus aphid was reduced practically to ne-Flizible numbers.
The vegetable weevil was considerably less prevalent in Mississi.pi than
it has been for several years.
The tomato pinworm was observed during the third week in February at-
tacking tomatoes at San Juan Capistrano, Calif.
Rather severe damage to garden peas by the seed corn maggot was report-
ed in Ch1rleston, S. C.
Overwintering forms of the diamond-back moth are abo-.t 90 percent
parasitized by Angitia hellulae Vier. in the Norfolk area of Virginia.
The strawberry root aphid was very prevalent late in Februnry in Vir-
ginia and Louisiana, and red spiders were very prevalent on strawberry in Vir-
ginia and Mississippio
Zrergence of canker worms began during the first reek in Januarys
Both species are very prevalent.
Two additional infestations of the gypsy moth heve been located in Penn-
sylvania, one in Bear Creek Township, Luzerne County,, and the other in Tobyhanna
Township, Monroe County.
During early December light infestations of the beech scale were found
at six places near Scersdale, N. Y., this being: the first time thet the beech
scale has been reported from New York.
The infestation of dried fruit at storage plants in the Sacrar-nto
Valley last fall by the fig moth was said to have been the heaviest ever exreri-
enced in this region.
Virginia. H. G. Walker (Februpr- 25): Young grassho-ooer nrm-ohs ',Lre
active in the field on the eastern Shore, February 20-22.
Louisiana. E. E. Hinds (Februarv- 25): A few gresshomoer *._- have hitched.
MRMOION CRICKET (Anabrus sinole:-. Hald.)
Montana. A. L. Strand (Februrv 22): Plans are being perfected for con-
trolling Morimon cricket? in eight counties in western Mont!na. With
the exception of Carcon County, the infested area is not expected to
be ver7 large in anyr of the counties.
ARMY CUTWORM (Chorizagrotis auxiliaris Grote)
Nebraska. 1. H. Swenk (Februar- 1S): The army cutKorm was reported as
cuite prevalent during the first week in Februar-r in yards in Hayes
KansFs. H. R. Bryson (February 23): Arrry cutw'orrs are being found in the
vicinity of Manhattan in the usual abundance.
Washinaiton. H. P. Lanchezter (Februer- 21): No winter mortality of lar-
vae and a',ults of the su7ar beet vwirev'orim (Pheletes californicus I'ann. )
is anparent in Lovwd7en. An investigation on one farm shove's a heav-
survival of larvae from last vear's broo'. This will mrpintain tihe in-
festation which averages 1,10O,000 per acre. An atter.-on to obtain ?
stand of'alfalfa has oroved. an absolute failure ow-ing to heav7 1-?r'"K1
feeding weakeningi the young plants. io encourage-nent c-n be offered
the farmer for future reductions of injury vithtout cnemic!l treatment
of the soil. As usual, no winter mortalit't has resulted to either
adults or larvae of the Pacific co-st v-ireworm (P. canus Lee.) in the
Walla Walla area. An average of 350,000 wireworms per acre has been
estimated. This population prevents the growing of -Tr.-- snri. -olanted
crops and virtually> limits the area to asparagus, rhubarb, tomatoes,
and crops planted in mnidsumm.er or late in the fall. Pree-ent indications
are for the usual heavy injury to all plants which are in a susce-otible
C1AE FLIES (Tipulidae)
Louisiana. Mi. E. Hinds ( ebrar," 25): Crane fly adults h'-ve been flying
in quite large numbers dorin the nast tvwo weeks.
SAY'S PLANT BUG (Chlorochroa g-lj Stahl)
orttna. A. L. Str--: (Febrj-r, 22): This s-ecies wns found in very
.re-t numbers in north -centrl 1'o"ntrn Ouri:- J'nr' ebrar.
-r 'at -,-: ru i:- Jrn; n ~r- n, -eb uar ,.
So far a -re)t nercenta:~e of the hibernating adults are coming
through the winter successfully. A considerable oronortion of thoSE
brought into the laboratory however, are oarapitized by dinterous
CEREAL A N D FORAGE-CROP I SECT S
CHIlITCH BUG (2lissus leucotterus- Sat)
Inaiana. C. Benton (February, 13): Chiinch bugs hibernating in seven
different kinds of bunchyor tufted grasses taken n-e.r La F-,-ette on
January 7 shoved 2 percent mortalit- of 1,3L in ivi iuals. Cn
FcbruPr-- 1 samples from- the same passess showed 10 percent mortality
of 253 bugs. i1o significant difference in mortality in different
cinds of grasses was apparent on either date.
Illinois. W". P. Flint (Febr:'-rv 20): Recent counts sho'." a hiChCr Tin-
ter mortalit- of chi,.ci buss than usual. Aonarently nurb'ers of bu:s
died after ging into winter quarters, possibly from infection of the
hitefuu.;.s disease. The nrevaili;--; te,.oerature conditions 'uld not
be exnoected to kill an-r numbers of bugs.
Iowva. H. 3. Jacues (February 10): Chinch bugs are reported in great
abundance from many localities.
Kansas. H. E. Brson (February 23): Examinntions of bunch ercsp at :.'n-
hattan indicate about the usual abur.:--ce of chinch bugs. 1,o :.-:rked
mortality has occurred during the winter.
G'12:' BUG (Tor ontera -rar-.Ilnu7 Rnc.)
.exico. C. S. Rude (February 5): 7xa-ir-.tion in "-e'it fields nc~r Ch-vez,
Coahuila, showed the presence of the green bu7 in considerable numbers.
Several species of ladybeetles were also present and seemed to be hold-
ing the green bug more or less in check:. In Februiry and Mrch of
134 the green bug did considerable d-.age to the wheat in this area.
CORN1 LE.A APHID (A-hir maidis Fitch)
Louisiana. J. W. Ingram (7ebruarv 20): This aphid v',-s found on Pas-n.iaum
urvillei until the low teo-ert-j.res of Janu-r, .-J2. It was found in
frirlv large numbers fLed'nL on an undetermined -r:rss at Jut Off on
PEA APHID (Illinoie. nisi Kalt.)
Kp-.Eas. H. R. B,-yson (Feb.ruary 23): Unable to find oea aphids in
alfalfa fields to date.
Oregon. L. P. Roclkwood and T. R. Chamberlin (Februrlry c): Early fall-
sown vetch near Farmington averaged, less than one anhid per 100
sweens on January 2. In 1 near tne same date and in the same
section, vetch averaged more than 50 ner 100 sweeps. Tall volunteer
vetch averaged from 12 to 16 per 100 sweeps, whereas comparable vetch
in 13L; averaged 200 -per 100 svweeos. Very few fields of vetch in
Washington Countv were seeded e!rly enough in the fall of 1034 to
become infested by viviparous forms, whereas there were many infested
early fall-sown fields in 19Q33. On alfalfa and Scotch broom we have
been unable as -!et to find any aphids. In other years hatching from
eggs on these hosts had taken nlace b- this time. Several hiberna-
tion caches of coccine.lli beetles, HipDd,-mi? sinuata souria Lee.,
H. quinquesignata obliqua, Csy. and H. :onvcrgens Guer. have been ob-
served. These predacious beetles are more abundant in these cachies
than in any year since thie winter of 1930-31; they r'ere ver- scarce
in the spring, of 17`zL. The inclinations are that there nill be little
a.hid damage to vetch in l135.
G.ABDE: SLUG (A;jolim--.: agrestis L.)
Oregon. L. P. Rockwood (Feb-iarP'- 9): Considerable dama-e to hair vetch
by the garden slug lihas been reported in the Willamette Valley. A
fe'7 de.?7-ed fields have been seen. T..e damae a')oeared to have been
one by the feeding of slugs on the -oujn. vetchi seedlings. In many
cases these seeIlings had been entirel-r consumed.. Vetch seedlings
vere eaten first, then --d seedlings; oats were eaten but little.
The damage was mopt extensive in fields where the vetch >,.- been
disked in; vetch on -olowed land was damr-i. but little.
SUGAACAUTE B 0 ER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
Louisiana. E. .Hinds (Februprr 25): Larvae in hibernation in cornstalks
show a deciA'ed increase in --ortalitv following the second severe cold
spell of the winter. The first severe cold snap occurred about Decem-
ber 12, with minimum temperatures of from 1009 to 220 F. at Baton Rouge
and viciniity. On January 22 tne minimum fell to from 170 to 10. We
found only, 15 percent of thie larvae dead in oli. cornstalks, between
January, 15-22. From Februrr, 15-22, ve found the mortality averaging
Fround 90 percent. This indicates an i.icre"sc of about 75 percent in
mortality, wiich mv7 be attributed to the dro- to 17 to 100.
,1AE plANTI BfUARi
Texp s. A. I. >_Izer (Februarx' ?): x'r.i-..tios of corn and -7-tian
vhept in southeastern Tex.s to this date ?' a winter mortealitT in
borers of fro-i 0 to 96 percent as co.mn-red with a -ortalit r of
L.-3 percent in th.e winter of lO37-3K. The minimum temperature at
Beeumo.'t this winter was 17 F. while in 1933-34 it was 2L0.
SUGARCAM3 B7ETLE (Euetheola ru,_-izeps Lec.)
Louisipna. W. .. Hinds (Februer- 25): Injury on the rootstalks of cane,
by the fell feedi:71 of adults, is commonly found at this time. The
beetles have not yet started their spring activity.
SUGAFCAITE ROOTSTOCK 7;EVIL (Anacentrinus subnudus Buchanan)
Louisiana. J. .1. Ingramn, .. K. 3Bvnum, an WV. 2. Hp1le7 (Februpr" 16):
Larvae and ,nunee were found in smll numbers in seed cane an' cane
stubble bqnked-for spring plantings. Heavy infestations have been
found in cane stubble in some fields.
W. E. Hinds (February 25): Su-?rcane rootstalk v.'evils,
Anacentrinus sop., were present in abundance and in all stages before
and after the Jenu!ry freeze.
RUSTY PL1Uo, APHID (Hyrsteroneure setariae Thos.)
Louisiana. J. W. I qram (Febru p- 20): The brown su-nrcane aohid (H.
setariae) has been found. feeclin.- on Andropo-ir. so. throughout the
winter in spite of the unusually cold v'e-ther.
GRAY SUGARCAl MEiALYBUG (Pseucococcus bonensis i:u'.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (?eb- "- 23): A li -ht infestation on s':.--rc-re was
found at Meridian in ilove.ber. It is now believed that the infesta-
tion ha-s been nractically eradicated.
FLAT-HEADED APPLE TRE3 -33RER (Chsobothris femorat1 Oliv.)
Illinois. W. P. Flint (February 20): Many reports are being received of
dc-mae in orchards. Much of the damage wrs not noticed until the
trees were nruned during the winter. There have also been numerous
repoorts of injury to shale trees.
7.`CLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosoma l--i:er.m Hausm.)
:'Ipissin,-i. D. Grimes (February 22): Tne woolly a--le aphid is
moderately ,'bund.nt on aronle at Sallis.
SAY, JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus -perniciosus Comst.)
Illinois. W. P. Flint (February 20): The San Jose scale survived the
winter in more than normal numbers. To date only a very small -oer-
centage of the scale has been killed.
Alabamp. J. M. Robinson (February 11)): The San Jose scale is moderately
abundant on fruit trees.
Mississioni. C. Lyle (February 23): State Plant Board inspectors and
correspondents located in all sections of the State report medium to
severe infestations on unsnrayed peach, apole, and plum trees.
PEACH BO RER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 23): Thuring the fall and winter many com-
nlaints regarding injur- to each tre ? were received from correspond-
ents in various sections of the State. Inspector L. J. Goodgame at
Abereen states thpt tae borer can be found in almost an- untreated
tree and thqt he has tnlken infeste-' nurser- stock front shiDrhent5 of
one-'eear-old trees. A corresponde-t at Magnolia, Pike Count', sent
us specimens v'hich had been taken froi cherr,-laurel olants.
D. W. Gri-'es (Februpr- 22): The -each borer is moderately> abun-
dant on -oeach at Durant.
ROOT 'E7'.'ILS (Brachyrhinus spp.)
Washington. W. W. Baker and J. Wilcox (Decenber 103L): An ap-oeal for aid
was received fro-n a blueberr- grower near Bellevue. Wnen his field
vrs visited in :ovember, the berries were found. to be heavily irnfested
with B. ovatus L. and B. sulicatus Feb.
A BERRiY MITE (3rionhyes essi.i Hassan)
Washington. J. Wilcox and W. W. BakL-r (December 1934): A survey ms, con-
ducted during October and "'oveher. New infestations were found on
wild and cultivated blackberries in Whatcom County southward to Pierce
and Thurston Counties.
FRUIT FLIES (Anastrenh spT. )
Texas. M. H. Ford (Jnnusrr-): A totrl of 1-2 adults of A. ludens Loe'"
were tranred on 6 premise, in the lower 3io Grande V'lley during
January. This indicates a considerably larger population than duringg
December 1F.#-. In addition l1 A. sernentir.3 Wied. 102 A. frterc:--.ls
auct. not .ied., 31 A. nallens Coq., 3 A. striata Sch.-a., and 31
To:.:otrrpann. curvicauda Gerst. were treated. One hundred ar sixty
undetermined fruit flies were also collected.
CALIFOF:':IA RED SCALE (: rscmphalus aurantii Mask.)
Arizona. B. L. Bo-den (January 21): "I s1": the State Entomologiet in
Phoenix and he told me th.t a scouting inspection of ornamentals there
disclosed several plants (euor.--;.s and rose were mentioned) infeste.
with red scale. The infested plants are beinr d-.:- out and destroyed
and the surroundi-.A plpnts sor.-:'ed. He was of the opinion that the
scple was brought in on nursery stock from California. It has not
spread to the citrus plantings."
PURPLE SCAL. (Le-idosaphes beckii ,'ewm.)
M1ississipni. H. Gladney (February 21): Heavy infestations -.?ve been re-
ported in some citrus groves in Harrison County. The -ecened con-
dition caused by these insects and the low temperature in Januarv
killed a great many trees.
GREEIT CITRUS APHID (Anhis spirpeztla Patch)
Florida. J. R. Watson (February 27): Owing to the cold weather of Decem-
ber and the continued drouz.ht, there has been very little new growth
on citrus this past winter, and the citrus anhid has been almost
starved out. A few are appearing since the new _rov.'tn .-s started on
citrus, but it does not seem -robable that there will be a heavy in-
CITRUS '.7';tITEFLY (Di?l.,r:-- citri Bile-, and ow.)
Mississipni. D. W. Grimes (February 22): The whitefly is -3.erately
abundant on citrus at Bentonia.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (Februar-v 25): MThite flies on citrus and' on some
rivets a-:eqr to have received a setback by the freeze, whichh re-
sulted in the shedding of foliac'e on mana-i of these host trees. Ho:-
ever, the cold did not defoliate nearly all host plants ?nd a normal
infestation mar develop later in the season.
A TERMITE (Kelotermes simplicicornis 'nks.)
Texas. S. E. Jones (Dece-ber 193'): This termite ',-s found causing in-
jury to sptsuma orange treus at Wj.nterhaven !urinL December.
CITF'S RUST :I- (xIylloco-tes oleivorus Ashc'. )
California. H. J. R,-n (Februn -: 27): Thle rust mite, P. cllvzr.:s, is
5sh'A,.- u,) in a slight infest-tion on citrus in the : rth 7rhittier
Heights district. This is the time of year that infestations build
SPIDER MITES (Tetranychus soD.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (February 27): The six-shotted mite and the our-
nle mite are at the present time rather common on citrus in the
southern Dart of the State.
Mississinii. H. Gladney (February 21): Some citrus groves at Oce~n
STrings are rather heavily infested by T. telarius L. The trees were
partly or completely defoliated by the cold weather 'f January and
the spiders are clustered on the branches.
SHOT-HOLE BORER (Scolytus rugulosus Ratz.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (Februrvr 27): Shot-hole borers are damaging
avocado and other trees which were injured by the freeze of Deceirber.
In many instances they will probably kill seriously injured trees.
TRUCK-CROP INSEC T S
VEGETALE WEEVIL (Listroderes obliquus Gyli.)
Alabama. J. 0. Robinson (February l): The vegetable weevil has been
active in the southern half of the State since 7ovcmber.
Mississipoi. C. Lyle (Februar" 23): Insoector M. L. Grimes reports that
he observed injury to carrots and turnips at ,eridian recently. How-
ever, the injury was light and the weevils have been less abundant in
that locality during the winter than for several years.
D. W. Grimes (February 23): Injury is severe on turnips and
slight on onions Ft Sallis, Carthage, Bentonia, and West.
H. Glad'ney (Februar- 21): Observed doing from medium to
serious damage to turnips in Jackson County luring January and Febru-
J. P. Kislariko (February 21): The vegetable 'w'--:vil caused
severe injury to turnio catches during December and January in the
vicinity of Purvis and other places in Lamar County.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (Februar, 25): Vegetable v;':Lvils have been active
and abundant for weeks an.' do not aooepr to have been pet back at all
by the cold.
CUCUnER BTETL2S (Diabrotica snp.)
Virginia. H. G. Well:er (February 25): T.elve-spotted cucumber beetles
(D. duodecimp nunctata Fab.) were observed feedirn. in ':le fields at
.orfolk on warm days in December, January, and February.
Florida. J. R. Thntson (February 27): D. baltoata Lec. has been taken at
.onticello, where it was severely injuring Chinese cabbage.
Alabama. J. 1. Robinson (February .14): The banded bean beetle (D.bltept)
developed in large numbers during the fall of 1934, 'but -has been less
nunerous since the freezing weather.
Mississippi. H. Gladney (February 21): Adults of D. 12-nunctata are some-
vbat plentiful and are doing so-ne damage to vegetables in H;.rrison
J. P. Kislan2:o (February 21): Twelve-spotted and banded cucumber
beetles were observed to be quite common during the winter months, caus-
ing some trouble to truc:-crop growers in Stone County.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 25): D. vittata Fab. adults are active
in small numbers. D. 12-Dunctata adults are probably less a'-...ant
than usual at this time of year. Jo D. 'Ilteata has been seen ,et.
Texas. J. IT. Roney (January): D. 12-punctata and D. baltpeata vrere found
feeding on turnips, mustard, cab'-a 'e, and beets during December 1934
a.;.: January 1935 at Dicl:inson.
Virginia. H. G. Walker (February 25): The turnip '.'id (U.o- .>:u.
pseudobrassicae 7avis) and the spinach aphid nersicae S'2,-z.)
are very scarce at present at Norfolk.
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 25): T. pRe-i.obrr-,s cae is very
abundant on turnip.
TO0:4T0 PI:7.70:*: (G2=-i o ch^ lyc rr".ciellr Busck)
California. J. C. Elmore (1ebru-ary): On February 18 moths were observed
flying up from dead tomato plants at San Juan Caristr, uo. Larvae we-e
present but sc' .rce on small tomato plants in an outdoor seed bed.
Larvae believed to be of this species vere found mi:i;i-: and folding
the leaves of Solanr.m *umbelliferum at LL-una Beach on Februr.':' 19.
A PZ:'TATO:ID (Arvelius albo--unctatus DeG.)
Texas. S. E. Jones (I-ovenber 1954): .is -entat.-:.d "-:\s found feecinj on
tomatoes at "7interhaven in Iovember. The injury consisted of -'unctu.- es
in the tomato fruit, causin- it to develo; a disagreeable flavor. The
adults are somewhat gregarious; a relatively light infestation may
destroy a crop.
MTXICAIK -'B :-..TLE (-'pilachinr corruuta Muls.)
Maine. N. F. Howard (February 28): In a letter dated October 27, 1934, J. E.
Havkins gives Milo, Piscatacuis County, as a record of the spread of the
Mexican bean beetle.
Ohio. N. F. Horard (_-,7bruary 21): The results of exo:nining beetles in
hibernation at Columbus indicate that the survival v-ill be very much
lower than during the preceding, two years and it may ap-oroach the low
point reached several years ago.
N ew Mexico. R. L. WVallis (February 29): At -rcsent the survival of the
Mexican bean beetle in the Estancia Valley is hi ;her than for the past
two years. TExamination of beetles in hibernation cag-es February 18
s.o'.-s 55.17 percent of th.e beetles still alive. Counts sh.o,-ved 26.08
percent at the same ti-e in 1934, 24.08 percent in 1933, and 78.59 per-
cent in 1932.
PZA APHID (Illinoia -sii Kalt.)
California. R. I. Campbell (February 21): All pea districts from Imperial
to Salinas sho,. some infestation, but in only a fow fields is it heavy
enough to cause damage.
SED COr.:: ,MAGGOT (Hyle-myia cilicruara Rond.)
South Carolina. C. 0. Bare (January 8): The seed corn mag-ot was found
doing considerable damage to garden peas at the C:.:-rleston Truck ':eri-
me-Lt Station. The peas had been rlantecl at a rather sdelow denth in
land containing decaying organic matter. In an ap-roxi-mtely average
situation in the field, a count shored 80 of 150 young plants, or 53
percent, destroyed by maggots in the cotyl..-'ons.
DIAMND-3ACK 1,'OTH (Plutella l -cir--F-.:i. Curt.)
Virginia. H. G. Wal,-r (Fehru-ry 25): Collection of m trial at Norfolk
from several fields of hrle and collards v'ich were severely damaged
last fall showed that over 90 percent of the overrinterin:; forms are
P-1asitized b', Anvitia hellul-c Vier. (identified Ry A. C '. ).
One species of hy-er parasite has been reared front the material.
Although the larvae of this moth normally umnate on the plant near
where they feed, on the leaves and along the midribs, duri:,- the cold
weather they rere cr',vlinJ dov'n and- uati:ng in the .enc'. leaves on the
around bc:nea:eth the pLnt. Both parasites and -t'.oths v'er' flyir, a-ctively
about in-ested r'ale fields on _tobruary 23.
Tex'-s. S. '7. Clar':, S. E. Jones, and J. iT. Roney (Zece-nber 1934): The
Ii mon.--Er at
diramond-bac1: moth v'as injurious to cabbage during ece-.':.r at "esico,
7interhaven, and Dic1:inson.
C-3AG LOOL2 (A't: r-7 ... brassicae Riley)
Texas. S. i,. Clark, S. E. Jo.nes, and J. 1. aoney (ec-e-.ber l<3-:): A.
brassicac vwas injurious to cabbage during Decjrber at 7Teslaco, 7inter-
haven, iand Dickcinson.
ICMPOr C3 1Q', (Ascia rar-ae L.)
Louiciap F.. 17. E. Hinds (Februar;" 25): C booa.e butterflies are scarce but
active, annd eggs and young, lkrvae are quite easily found. Loo-ers,
AutogrAa brassicae Riley, and other species are not active yet.
9JzV:OUSE LETIF TIER (Pilyctaenia rubimalis Guen.)
South Carolina. C. 0. eare (December 1934): The -'reenhouse leaf tier cas
found feedi.aj on cabbage at Charle:;ton from bo'.-ember 7 to December 10.
This was my first observation ol this insect feeding on any crop at the
r..c_ Experiment Station. It .**..s most numerous on the undersides of the
lower leaves but hardly abundant enoua-h to be of economic i~r'ortance.
From December 6-1.0, the a-t-narent tine of :r.atest abundance, there was
an average of ap1-ro: i-nately .03 larva per nlant. Sometim-es several
larvae occurred on the same plant. (Det. by C. Heinrich)
CA3.3AG3 APHID (3revicoryne br ssicac L.)
Virginia. H. G. walkerker (February 25): The cabb:a,:e a-ihid is very sc-rce at
No rfo lk.
Mississippi. H. Gladney (i'ebruary 21): Infestations of the cabbage arhid
wYere noted on cabbage and collards in scattered localities in Jac':son
and Harrison Counties.
Louisiana. W7. ,. Hi-.ds (Februnry 25): Aphids are ab.undafnt on cabbage.
S2. 3: 3EnRY ROOT APHID (Aji__ forbesi 'eed)
Virginia. K. G. 7Taller (FcbrL-)ry 25): .j'gs, just beginning to hatch,
were r-.ther -bundant in -an' of the fI'elds on the Eastern Sh,:re. T.is
pest v'as also found in some of the strawberry fields in 17orfolk and
Princess Anne Counties.
Louisiana. W. 2. Hinds (F'ebruar 25): Aphids are re-orted on the roots of
strawberry plants at Baton RouWc. Ants in abundance are atte.'i' the
A LYGI:'- (Orthaec, bilo'c.t Say)
Texas. S. E. Jones (1934): This species was found in many strawberry
fields near 7interhaven during 1934. In so.ice instances it caused severe
damage to the fruit.
COI:OIT RSD sPIrRE (Tctranyrchus telarius L.)
Virginia. H. 6. -.'a'er (?ebruary 25): A survey o:. strawberry fields on the
Eastern Shore on February 20 showed that red spiders vere ver a'-n;Ldant
in sone fields, whereas in others they vere very scarce or entirely
absent, 'Red spiders were found in some ofI the strawberry fields in
Torfolk- and Princess Anne Counties.
Mississip-oi. C. Lyle (:-ebrvV ry 23): On February 11 a -;ro'er at 3Bay Saint
Louis reported a medi.,m infestation on his str.-.berry plants.
PFI:_d "'.VIL (Anthono-nus euaenii Cano)
California. J. C. Thmore (February 19): At San Juan Ca-oistrano from 6 to
29 adult veevils per uolcnt vere found on occasional pepper plants left
standin!i after a field had been dished. There were inwrature states in
the greenn nods. Seventj-oane adult vecvils v:ere taen-fro: 10 niht-
rih-.:1 e nlant s.
S'.ET1'OTA A ;0 L 4 (Clars fonic rius 1ab.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle ( eoru rr 25): A s'iall infestation of the sreet-otato
T'eevil was found in &-reene County durin-j the fall; steps were innpdiately
tlcen to clean it up.
HA1AIIA1; 3U 2: L.70... (Hy'enia fcscialis Craxn.)
Texas. S. W. Clark and J. 1I. Roney (7ovember 1934-): Tis webworm caused
sever- injury to beets at I7eslaco rmnd Dickison durlni.- Nove-ber.
FOREST AND SHADE-TRE; I NS C TS.
CAf.ETR FCm. (Geometridae)
Kansas. H. R. Bryson (February 23): Alsophila pometaria Harr. and Paleacrita
vernata Peck are very abundant. Emergence began the first week in January
ana large numbers had been caught on the bands by February 5.
GYPSY ; :T (Porthetria dispar L.)
Ver..ont. H. L. Bailey (February 28): 'e have found an unusuelly heavy gypsy
moth infestation in the town of Newbury in Orange County. About 2,%,Q0
egg masses were taken in an area about three-fourths of a mile square.
There was evidently a very heavy hatch of the caterpillars last spring
notwithstanding the extreme cold of the preceding winter. This is out-
side the area in Vermont which may be considered as generally infested.
Pennsylvania. A. F. Burgess (January 22): Intensive scouting work was done
in the vicinity of an assembling cage in Tobyhanna To7.-ship.in Monroe County,
where a male moth was taken last summer. As a result, 477 acres of wood-
land and one-fourth mile of open country along roadsides .,;ere exar.ined; and
two additional infestations were found, one in Bear Creek Tov.wrship, Luzerne
County, the other in Tobyhanna Township.
_LC:. SCALE (Cryptococcus fagi Beer.)
New York. M. W. Blackman (January 23): Infestations oi the beech scale have
been found in .iestchester County ot Scarsdale, and ir. .e*iate vicinity. Cn
December 11 and 12, R. C. Prvwn and C. L. Griswold, of the ":-Irose High-
lands laboratory, made a rough survey, examinir.- beech trees alor.R- the prin-
cipal parkways. Light infestations were found at six places within a
radius of 6 miles from Scarsdale. This is the first time the scale has
been reported from 1ew York State.
EiUPuP-C2I LU SCALE (Gossyparia spuria M.od.)
Idaho. C. Wakel-ind (February 20); The European elm scale, which hLs become
established in Moscow during the last few years, increased very rapidly
last year following the mild winter of 1933-34. ,,e have been ;kl ex-
aminations recently to determine the effect of cold weather on this insect
in this vicinity and find that the averujge percentage of survival is 0*16.
All the living scales are under old scale bodies, pieces of bark, and in
other protected places. The lowest te-.pcrature was -13 F.
LARCH C1SE :.diLiR (Coleorhora laricella Hbn.)
R. E. Horsey (February 23): Ccterpillars, alive in their cases,
were found today on Larix dahuircq at Rochester. Of several species of
larch examined last year, this species was the heaviest infested. The
trees were thoroughly sprayed at the time, but evidently some oi the insects
escaped to feed this year when the leaves start to grow. This insect is
becoiiing a serious pest around,Rochester.
C-LOOIfY SCALE (Chrysomphalus tenebricosus Comst.)
Vest Virginia. F. ;. Craig. (December 19): The gloomy scale is prevalent on
red maple in Charleston. I first noticed it three sturners ago Yhen we
received many reports that maple trees were dying, appaienfly from the at-
tack of this scale. ill trees visited were soft maples. Last summer I
heard no complaint and judging from the season's growth on a few trees I
inferred that the winter of 1933-34 killed a great many oif the scales.
The insect was not eradicated as the twigs sent you indicate. (Det. H.
North Carolina. Z.P. :Tetcalf (February 15): The gloomy scale seems to be
more abundant on maple than for the past several years.
Mississippi. D. Grimes (February 22): Gloomy scale is moderately abun-
dant on maple at Bentonia.
OSCURE SCALEJ (Chrysomphalus obscurus Cormst,)
i.ississippi. C. Lyle (Febru'ry 23): Medium infestations on oak leaves have
been reported during the past several weeks from Kosciusko, MIeridian, and
.d..TRi PIME BEETLE (Dendroctonus brevicomis Lec.)
California. M. V. leackman (February 17): 5. M. Miller reports that field
-:or on the 1934 survey, to locate areas of bark beetle infestations, was
completed by Im'oember 15. The more important timber-producing areas in
eight national forests extending from central to northeastern California
were covered. A4 p'reszive infestations of the western pine beetle prevail
throughout northeastern California, beinr particularly severe in areas
where the hctle populations had suffered a setback from the extremely low
temperatures of Deceiber l132. The effect of the hi 'h mortality, result-
ing fro" the freeze, on the course of the infestation was evident only dur-
ing the season immediately followinF. recovery of the b.etle populations
w-,s evident toward the close of th3 17 season nd in '94 the upward ten-
)D~ ~ ~~, sso n nlj the upward ten-
dency was continued showii, x-rkei acceleration in places. One trend ex-
hibited by current infestations is that of extension of 01,, ressive attacks
to valuable timber stands that had .ot suffered severe losses until this
PI:, ?L-.L MIXR (Recurvaria miller Busck)
California. J. .. Miller (January 2): Surveys conducted during September
1934 have shtiwn that the needle miner greatly increased the extent of he
infested. areas in the high Tuolumne watersheds in the Yosemite ':-tional
Park during the flight season of 1933* These ne. epidemics will undoubted-
ly extend the areas of dead lodgepole pine forests within the park, .,c the
forest cover on the intensively used camp ground areas around the Tuolumne
meadows is now threatened.
PII-' NEEDLE SCALE (Chionaspis pinifoliae Fitch)'
New York. R. E. Horsey (February 25): The live, purplish jL-s of the pine
needle scale are now to be found under the overwintering scale on mugho pine
at Rochester. There is no evidence of winter mortality. This scale is
Swell established at Rochester, and is fairly cordon on mugho, Austri .n, and
Nebraska. I1. H. Swenk (February 19): Reports of spruce trees being attacked
by the pine leaf scale were received from Phelps and Sioux Counties on
January 10 and February 14, respectively.
I N S E C T S A F F E'CT I N G G R E E N f O'U S E
AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS
CO:.:'.:O RED SPILER (Tetranychus telarius L.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 25): Red spiders were very atundar.t on many
plants before the January freeze. Most adults and nymphs appeared to have
been killed by the freeze, but e-j s were not killed. Durirn the past
month cg, have hatched and produced a fairly heavy infestation, es-ecially
BR'.TCO SCd, UT (Asterolecanium bribusae Bdv.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 25): A rmisium infestation on bar.too was re-
ported from Biloxi, in Harrison County, on January 2.
DEODAR WEEVIL (Pissodes deodarae Hopk.)
Mississippi. C. Lyle (February 23): Inspector :1. L. Grimes reports light to
medium injury to Ccdrus deodara at meridiann .
EUONYYMUS SCALE (Chionas-ois euonymi Comst.)
northh Corolino. Z. P. Metcalf (February 15): Tuonv'ryus sc-le is reported
as esneciallyT abundant in the eastern half of the State.
Mississi-oi. C. L-Tl.e (February 23): .-..ionymus twi's heavily infested
have been received recently frown Greenville, in Wassi-,-ton County,
and Lambert, in Quitman County.
GLADIOLUS THRIPS (Taeniothrips gladioli I. S.)
Florida. J. R. Watson (February 27): "Ie ladiolus thrins is doing serious
n mrre in some plantations in the southern part of the State.
OYSTER-SHELL SCALE (Le'idosarhes ulmi L.)
New York. R. E. Horsey (Februarr 25): Live eggs unc'er scales on lilac
have been observed at Rochester. I doi;-bt if there will be many egags
killed by cold weather. This scale is quite common on lilac and ash,
except where plantings are watc:ed and sprayed.
WHITE PEACH SCALE (Aul-s pentagona Tar..)
Yississipoi. C. Lyle (February 23): On Januar-, 17 a corres-ondent at
Fayette, in Jefferson County, sent to this office privet twigs shovin,
a heavy infestation.
A PSYLLID (Calo-ohya flavida Schv'-rz)
New York. R. E. Horsey (February 25): The blackish, scalelike overw-inter-
ing young are alive and quite common on a number of smooth and shining
sumac (Thu___s g]bra and R. corellj). One- and two-veer-old taig s in
many instances are well spotted with the black dots; and while the
da-aje is not evident and the shrubs are growing 'well, these nosyllids
must be quite a drain on the plants.
A LEAF HOPPER (Erythrone-ura comes Wi:, Valsh)
Utah. G. T. Kno'.lton (Februerv 13): This leafonoer is active on -.-rm
afternoons at Lor--n.
I INSECTS ATTACK NG MAN AND
D OME ST I C A N I A L S
BLACK WIDOW SPIDER (Latrodectus mrctnns Fab.)
Mississi-Pi. C. Lyle (February 23): On February 7 a corres-ondent at
Ruleville sent specimens with a report that he had recently founc
five of these spiders in his plant bed.
iNebraska. M. H. Swenk (December 20 to February 10): S-oeci-.e-.s of the
black widow slider were received on January g and Februrry 14 fr-:.
Antelope and '.rnas Counties, resnectively.
COMlMON CATTLE GRUBI (Hyooderm- linept'. DeVill.)
Mississi'noi. C. Lvle (FMbruary 23): In Dec,-'-e-r a. corresnoon'ent at
Perkinston pent specimens taken from the back of a cow; e-rlv in
January specimens taken from a mule were sent from Winona.
K ns7's. H. P. Br'-,on (Febrn.ar", 26): This cattle grub is abu-J-int in
the northwestern corner of the State.
S2REW WoiRI'S (Cochliomyria spn.)
rississimoi. C. L-le (February 23): Reports of infestations of the
screw worm ,were received fror various sections of southern Mliscisainoi
at intervals tirounhout the winter.
A BUFFALO GIAT (Simulium sp.)
Mississi.ini. D. V. Grimes (February 22): A few buffalo gnamts were ob-
served at Hoff ran.
LO:'*-::OSD OX LOU'SE (Lj.oynlthus vituli L.)
11ebr-s':a. v. H. S.'enk (Jsmnurrv 15): A ,u-rner Cournty co-re'sp)ondent re-
'orted that hip calves 're i -"ested -'ith long-nosed 2-ttle lice.
3ROW11 WI7ER TI1-: (Dermecentor .ih-.le:'et'i Pack.)
Mississin-oi. C. Lle (Febr-xrv 2 A): A cor'res-nonmc'.rt at Okolona recently>
p:nt to t iLs office specimcens taken from a ho-,.
HOG MAIE- LMITE (Sarcoptes scabiei suis e-.)
17ebras-_a. 1. H. Swen. (Jrnuar 1?): A request for inforr.--ticn on o in,
hogl for mange rs received fro. Holt Cout.
HOUSEHOLD AND ST ORED-.PRODUCTS I NSE C T S
TER:'ITES (Reticulitermes m. )
West Virginia. L. M. Pe0'irs (;.rc, 2): Winged termites -rcre i ui in
houses in Morgantown between Febrr 16 an March 1.
Yorth Carolinae. Z. P. Metc'-lf (February 15): Fligits of termites were
re-orted on several cvs in J'.i;'Urv, ena Febru-r, irdiciting thet
these insects 'rill oerhans be vsr,- destructive durinE the coinn:
Alabarma. J. ". Robinson (Februar- 14): Termites are re-lorted dpft agin,
buildings in Prattville and ">-_ntgomerv.
Mississio-oi. C. Li1le (Februar-> 27)): T hring ti.e fell Pnd. winter more
tIan 30 comnnlints rega in' termite i_ iur" to houses -ere received
from varioi.5 sections of the State.
Louisiana.. E- 3 linds (Februri 27): Termites are ver', abundant i'n old
cornstalks in some loc&' ities; wirwed forms are nmcrous n!nd rea,,' to
svwrm. The7 are infe tin: buil.ins a v: hve been svarming at 1pton
Rouge si;--ce bout t.vj first ,eek of February. The flig hts bec-oie very
common a-s the ae-t 1er cleared followin- a wee: in ':ic" light rains
'ebras^. 2H. H. Sernic (Februaary): R. tibialis Bls. wa' r'-.orted as
severely d m'-ing a grain ulev-,tor in Dou-ci' County about the Tn;'e
KXnr s. H. r. 7r-.on (-ebr,.ov 2.),: The first termte s'ih frm was obs-vw,'v?.
on Fe.ruur-, 1I st I'auhattan.
Missjisi-o-ni. :1. 7. Smnith (Februa-. 22): Ants collected ner A.-'-icola .ere
sent to m.e "pith the follovir.^ re-ocrt: "Th.. aites built mrxe pe lar.-
as half 'cus. el melsu'es or a! er, P < te aoe'rane of a nwrbcr
of bee hives scat- ,ere,- around. Thee ,ou.,ds ara litern.lyv full of
ants. Th-ie ans ere first no t' ce abo '* 5 ears o. Te r
very, trouble.-ome t the ti-'e cowvs pre c-,vinc." 2hii ant is an intro-
duced s-ccies of South A- l eic-n fire ant, Solcnoosis s.:-,lsFi. v'r.
richteri Forel. an; is not n;un fro' anyr other locc-lit- i- the United
States except *'obile and several towns in that vicinit,. The fire -nt,
S. x'/loni 'c'ook, his been active almost the entire -inter except for
a ver" severe colo. sell of about a week's duration r'nen the terer-ture
dro-o-.ed to 10 F. An examination of a l-re :'.-er of nests on a
Vrestern slope Pt State Colleg followin' t'is freeze showed that the
ants suffered, a -ortalitv ranging from Fbout 10 to La percent of the
entire colony. In other locations the colonies shoved oracticallv no
mortalit,7. A corres-,ondent Pt ShSelb sent to us specimens of Phar-- 's
ant (Mono!oriu.: pharaonis L.) with the remark tnat te ants had :ec-n
very troubleso-'e in his house for about a year. Specimens were also re-
ceived fro- Tunelo, WVegnesbcro, a:-d I7lue Tc-r.t'nin with coinlaints that
they w'ere ver- ennoyin,:. 17ew, infesttion of to'- Ar-.'.tin ee ant
(Iridomyrrex hu:-1ilis 11ayr) have been recorded fro 7oxs-ter a:n Hi:r:IPnee.
Texas. R. H. Smith (Febru.,rr 21): In Jsnur"- ants front Geore guest, in
Live Oe Countv', were sent in -,ith the report that they were inj':rir:
cotton. Te ants proved to be P.cidole desertorumrn vpr. : .:c>. 7 ..
0,XELDE BUTG (Lentccoris tryitts"u? Say)
"nss. s R. 3r.ron (Februar' 26): Fewer reTort. of '*bo'tar.ce h-ve been
received this rear than fpr mlan' -ears.
Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Febrary' 13): Boxelrer buis ere causin sn-.ov''.ce
in ho:-es pn. school buildings in various parts of nether; Ut"n.
FIG MOTH (Znhesti fialilella Greg.)
California. H. C. Donohoe (Februprr 11.): A survey of stor.g-_ plants r-
ceivinl dri.e fruits from the Sacr'! .nto Vlle' indicates thct the in-
fest-tion in dried fruits from growers last fall ws the 'r'ete-t ever
growers latf,:ll ti
exrerienceid in tais district.
CHOCOLATE !OTH (Th.hesti:. elutella Hbn.)
Cli fornia. H. C. Donohoe (Febra.r- 11): Small numbers of adults '"er.
collecteC in died fruit storage nljv:tst at Oehlpnc, ?.ap, en: Yuba Citv
during the first reel: in F'ebruar--. Tne moth was comronl, encountered
in field ane dried fruit storaces in the Sen Joaquin Valley.
DRIED FRUIT ":OTH (Vitula sjrrtllc-ll Ra- )
California. H. C. Donohoe (Februapry v 11): T.iis insect ?.s found in small
numbers in dried fruit stora,-ces in San Jose, Oaia]nd, Berkeley, and
Kapa the first vreek in Febru -r-.
II1:IAI-M AL :: (P:H. ."i ril -i.-t "c Hbn.)
C!lifornia. H. C. >nooe (Fecr-a-, 11): Infestntion ra.-e.1 from slight
to heavy' i'l stored nrunes in S7n Jose the first -eelc in 'ctrvr".
Throughout the Spn Francisco Bay rcl Srcramento Vlley areas -11 driedC
fruit ftorage lrnhts visited were infested.
A PYRALID (Anhomia gularis Zell.)
California. H. C. Donohoe (Febra'r 11): 'r)n- --e to stored runes from
Santa Clara Valley, stored in Oakland and San Jose, ranged in late
fall fro'- slight to severe. The moth was found. in small numbers in
the storage houses the first week in February.
RICE WEEVIL (Sitonhilus oryzae L.)
Louisiana. W. E. Hinds (February 25): Black weevils are less common than
usual in old cornstalks in the fields. Howev r, the cold vrwas not
sufficiently severe to check their breeding and survival in corncribs
and rice warehouses where the-y are normally a, bund'nt.
CIGARETTE BEETLE (Lasioderma serricorne Fab.)
Ebraska:. M. H. Swenk (Janucry 2): Snecimens of the cigarette beetle
were pent in from :errick County, v'..>re the" Iad been t'kcn from the
uwholstering of a parlor suite.
PEA "',_ -VIL (Bruchus pisorum L.)
Idaho. C. Wakeland (Febr:-r7! 20): T. A. Brindley, who is stationed at
Ioscow workin- o- the pea weevil had -,ny cages containi-w living-
weevils exposed in various situations. He finds that mortality of
weevils was almost comrolete in cages, but that therei,'aheav, ner-
centage of survival beneath the b'rk of oonlcrosr- 1)ine tree-.
UNIVERSITY OF FLOOR DA
3 1262 09244 6102 i
3 1262 09244 6102