The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00089

Full Text

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uIgS3 CT x "3S T SURVEY BULLET Ig


Vol. 114 Septomber 1, 1934 o. 7


THM MOIE IMiO7TA2TT ?_COiDS 0Cl' A U Y-S 1934

Althou',i zrasshopo-,rs continued troublesomno durin27 the -1ore"ter part of
Au,:ust, control cai:Tains arc practically closed in most of the Plains States.

The garden webwvorm appeared in largo nu-.bers about the middle of the
month from Indiana westward to Missouri and- clrska.

Sod webworms were very troublesome during: the 1,tter half of the month
from Ohio westward to Mis.- :ouri and Tobraklca, in many instances being partic-
ularly troublesome on golf greens.

The white-lined sphinx avpearod in outbralc nurb,:rs in parts of lown,
o inrz vory destructive to soybeans.
Reports -roccivcd fro-' Iova indicate that the chinch bu- will pro'-'ly be
an oven more serious post in that State in 1935 th'n it ias been this yc!'r.
It is estiFated that over 11 million dollars worth of grain was saved in that
State this y-:r by the control caipaia. Sccond-brood bugs were observed
aoniout the ri0`1e of the month in Missouri, .eb.raska, and Kans!,..

The plum curculio will rd-:b'bly go into hibernation in larger nurnbers
than usual in the Fort Valley -pach section of Geor-4ir .

The rnpc le-fh--,:r is more abundant in 'the .Tia.ara district of :ITew. Yor'_
than it h-as -been for several years.

The tobacco worn is causing serious de-ao to tor.tces in a-rts of lowa.,
iTebraska, and 1civa .a.

Table-stock potatoes in the irrigated section of -'.,-'i.>. have bcen r&duccd
65 percent by the to'iato p.yllid.

The Mexican bean beetle has '"een more abundant and more widely distrib-
uted than over before in Maine. Similar re-orts of infestations have ',en
received. from the Yow Fn ;land and MiU-1'.le Atlntic States, ond it is roportcd
to be moderately bundant throuj-out its r-.c.

Twenty-one additional townships in Washin.c-ton, t-cnobscot, -'--....ck, in-.
iJldo Counties in Maine, have been found infested by the beech scale.

Danrcre by screw worms is ap.,arently on the incrcea in Florida and i'isis-
s l.[LIBRARY
213 STATE PLANT BOARD






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GENERAL FEEDERS

GRASSHOPP7F (Acrididao)

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 2): The three most important grasshoppers in Iowa
are the lessor migratory locust (Melanoplus mcxicanus Sauss.), the two-
lined locust (M. bivittatus Say) and the differential locust (M. differen-
tialis Thos.). Heretofore, the differential locust has been the most im-
portant; but this year it seems that the lesser migratory and two-lined
locusts are responsible for most of the damage. In some localities the
two-lined locust is extremely abundant. The infestation is very spotted.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Except for Barry and Howell Counties in
the Ozarks, we find none of the three economic species of grasshoppersat
all abundant.

Nebraska. M. H. Swcnk (August 15): The grasshopper situation continued to
be troublesome during the period July 15 to August 15, and, up to the
middle of August, more than 2,000 tons of poisonod-bran bait had been dis-
tributed in 3S counties.

Kansas. H. R. Bryson (August 25): Although grasshoppers can be found in
their usual habitat wherever sufficient green vegetation is present, they
are comparatively scarce for this time of year.

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (August 20): Grasshoppers are moderately abundant in
the western part of the State.

Wy-ming. C. L. Corkins (August 21): The survey of the .i.jilt grasshopper pop-
ulation at this time indicates that the outbreak is definitely on the wane.

Idaho. C. W.:keland (August 20): Grasshoppers are moderately abundant in the
southeastern part of the State.

Nevada. G. G. Schwois (August 21): The grasshopper control camp-aign is now
over for the year. The egg survey will start shortly after September 1.

Arizona. C. D. Lcbert (August 20): Grasshoppers (H. mexicanus) are ca'.sing
considerable trouble in the alfalfa fields in the Salt River Valley. This
is either a delayed hatch or a second brood--I believe it is a second gen-
eratiron. Most of this brood are now in the last instar ..:L many of them
fully winged. Poison is still being applied all over the valley.

I'.'MR,'I CRIC:TT (Anabrus simplex Hald.)

California. E. 0. Essig (Augu-t 22): A few specimens of the Mormon cricket
v,-'re found in Matterhorn Canyon, Yosemite ll7aional Park, in July. They
are rarely reported from this State.

AR.:i'.YWCRI. (Cirphis nunipuncta Haw.

Ii.'l J. J. Davis (AP-t 24): T!*.- armyworm was destructive to corn on
bottom land. near Boonville oon August 15.









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Illinbis. L. H. Shropshire (Au(gust 20).: Few arm; **- from the central part of the State.

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (August 27): The worst outbreak in many years has
occurred in the southeastern part of the State. T..-. third generation is
now very abundant.

Iowa. G. C. Decker (August Ir): Armyworms are being reported daily in most
of the counties in north-central Iowla. Apparently, they have bred up in
large numbers in foxtail an'- other grasscs in stubble fields. They are
reported as seriously damaging Sudan and millet fields.

GA:DEN 7E3 '. (Loxostege similalis Guen.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): The alfalfa wvieb werm (L. similalis) was
quite destructive in some localities during the period from August ; to
11. Definite records of destructiveness were received from VWhite, Fulton,
Clinton, IMrgan, and Carroll Counties.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): Larvae were abund.ant on pigweed and other
plants late in July and early in August, and during the latter part of
August many moth's have been on the wing.

Iowa. C. J. Drake" (August 2): The garden wbbworm (L. si.ilalis) is quite
common this year. On a farm near Indianola 14 out of 22 acres of soy-
beans were destroyed.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 2C): A Burt County correspondent found the
alfalfa fields in his vicinity harboring an abundance of moths the second
week in August.

BEET ;:3BW.7RL. (Loxostege sticticalis L.)

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (August 27): Larvae were very abundant on August 1;
heavy flights of moths occurred on August 10 25.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (August 19): Beet webworms very abundant on beets,
potatoes, and Russian thistle in Richland, Sargent, and Cavalier Counties.

SOD :,7'FRIES (Crambus spp.)

:Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 2C0): Sod- webw:orm larvae were found injuring bent-
grass on golf greens at Circleville on Auguast 14. Reports of injury with
specimens were also received from one of the golf courses near Columbus.

Illinoi-s. L. H. Shropshire (August 20):' AdIul'ts of several species are very
abundant in northern Illinois.

Kentuck,. M, L. Didlake (August 25): Adults of several species of sod webworms,
including C,. teterrellus Zinck. and C. trisectus Wak'11:., are very abundant,
the latter being most irmerous; damage by larvae not very noticeable.

Iowa.. C. J. Drake (Au-Cust 2): Sod web'wrrms are extremely abundant in golf










21S -


grns at Des Moines, Boone, Waterloo, Cedar Rapids, and other cities.
Pasturc fields have been greatly *injured. They also did considerable
d.amae t. corn in the spring, a:: in the northern part of the State web-
worms are doing a considerable arLcunt of damage to corn planted -ren
gCvernmcnt lani lec-.-i for forage purposes.

1issouri. L. Hasenan (August 24): Moths in considerable numbers were on
the wing during the hottest period of the drought, and at this time we.
are getting complaints of nearly full-fed larvae in golf greens.

NTebraska. .. H. Swenk (August 15): A Clay County crrrcspendent reported
that his previously beautiful lawn had been about destroyed during the
first half of Auust by sod webworms, aided by attacks of a leafhopper
identified as Deltocephalus inimicus Say. He reports that the birls
did good service by digging out the webworms from the dead,.brown sod.

7WHIT:-LTIi-D-" FHIiDT (Sphinx lineata Fab.)

Iowa. G. C. Decker (August I): We have numerous reports of larvae migrat-
ing from weed patches and stubble fields into soybeans and corn. rnc
snyboan field near Webster, City was reported destroyed. Associated with
the sphinx were a moderate number of Prodenia ornithogalli Guen.

C. N. Ainslie (August 22); The larvae are pre-c.t everywhere this
year, and only by continuous watching and hand-picking can serious injury
be prevented.

JAPA.T:7E EETLE (Popillia japonica ITh:.)

Con-necticut. W. E. Britton (August 23): The Japanese beetle is apparently,
more abundclnt in the cities and towns than in preceding seasons. It il
Aot yet cormonly seen in the open country rf Connecticut.


C E R EA L AND FOE AGE -CRrP IN S C T S

WEFAT

E3IAi1 FLY (Pytophaa destrictnor Say)

Mincuiri. 1,. Haseman (August 24): J. R. Horton reports a 2-percent stubble
infestation in northwestern 1issoiri; 11 perce it in the we-t-central part;
94 percent in the. southwest; 21"percen:it in the southeast; and 1C r-'rcent
in the east-central part. O)ne limited stubble survey in northeastern
14is-oari indicates a stubble infestation of only 1 te 2 percent, with
'practically evry flaxseed ewui.ieI XiGu, due, we believe, to the exces-
sive heat. Limited counts at Coluubia showed 1CO percent mortality of
-.jcrxedr, with t( :..p. raturen at the surface of the soil as high as 157 F.
and no vegetation i what stubble fields tr l:;.!d th-. stabblib and flax-
7eo-dz, '.:.ich -. weeks rf abnormally high trmperatures to endure.

IT-7' Ynrk. W. 7. B1auvo]t (A :urt 13): The percentace of wheat infested by
the hKrsian fly was % determined by o.;-.inin:ig 25 culms from each :r p.e:









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County Infestation ,County : Tnfestation
S Percent Percent
Cayuga ................ 7.3 Orleans ................ 1.3
Erie ................. .1.1 Oswego ................ .4.0
Genesee .............. 2.0 Seneca ................ 7.I
Livingston ........... 4.3 .o. ..is l .0
Monroe ......... .. 4.5 :Wayne .................
iriagara .............. 1.3 Wyoming ............... 2.0
Onondaga ........... 13.0 Yates ................. 2.7
Ontario . ............. .6.8

Average for State ................ ........ ....... ................ 45.4



A I71EAT NTE'l: SAWFLY (Cephus pygmaeus L.

iTew York. W. E. Blauvelt (August 13): The percentage of infestation of wheat
by this sawfly was determined by examining 25 culms from each sample.
S'.awfly larvae from 42 of the samples were examined and all were C. pr'1.u.


County Infestation County Infestation


Cayuga ................
Erie . . . . . . ......
Genesee ...............
Livingston ............
Monroe ......... .. . . .
ITiagara ...................
Onondaga ..............


Percent
14.0
3.0
4.3
7.
G.3
2.5
9.7


Orleans ...............
Oswego ................
Seneca ...............
2o hi1;.............
Wayne ................
Wyoming ..............
Yates . . . . . . . .


Percent
3.S
14.0
8.9
S.0
1.2
5.8
1.3


Ontario ................. 3 0.

Average for State ................................................. 6.6


COR 0i

CHINCH BUG (Blissus leucopterus Say)


Ohio. J. S. Houser (August 22): Bye sown as a cover cro- following early po-
tatoes is seriously infested at boosterr. Sudan Erass pasture is dying in
spots from chinch bug dsri e. Several hundred bugs may be found in some
,clusters, and range in age from first-instar nymphs to adults. The fungus
disease Sporotrichum globuliferum is killing many of the insects.

Illinois. L. 1H. Shropshire (August 20): Chinch bugs are very abundant at Des
Plaines and have not been affected by rains so far this month.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 2): The infestation has been spreading northward.









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Unless weather conditions r-.reat!. Q.: c..the situ.atio-., 60 or more cou"-
tics will be heavily infested with bu 7s in 1935. Losses from the first
-eneration i- 29 con..ties have been estimated, by county a-ents .n, F-'er-
al crop reporters at $9,275",';OC. Fr sail cri::,s e TI.ey estira!te that tho savings from the constructLon of barriers. amounted
to $11,723,000. In the 29' con-ties most heavily infested, the loss to the
corn crop was estimated at 9.35 percent ,and the savings at 35 percent.
r-rs who failed to'Cooperate lost from 25 to 75 pe-rcet of their corn
crop'. '
C r 0,0

Misso ri; L. Hasesan (AukFruast'24): Chinch bu,:;s are abun.at in some fields,
b-,t are fewer than expected,'.die, we believe, to the excessively hi,-h
temperatures in July. About ,33-1/3 perce'nt'of the nymphs were still in
the red stace on A u^Jst 10-15, ndO. about 50 p recent of the corn was in
the silo or shock. Recent rains will make food available, in most of
the fields, for byoiun; bhus to mature in-, but we d.o not have as i... ,
now, on ta.h avcra.t, as a year ajo.

ITebrasr a 1. H. Swenk (AuIist 15): :> second brood has been developing
Iaurinc the period fromI July 15 to Au{.'ast 15. In a fe-., inst.n.ces th..
rying tp of the corn throh th- dro-i ht forced a mi,7ation of the
-.Lryl,,,, iip of' the corn th rodtc t'
.n.',"., bu.os of the second brood", and in some instances barriers hal to
be puIt u.p to save feed croos.

Ka.sas. H. R. Bryson (Au:i st 25): The second brood of chinch bu-. was
very riich reduced, ovwin to the extremely hi-i' te .per'ut-tres that -r,-
vailed .'-rinc July and th: first 15 days in Au u:st, Fiels in the vi-
cinity of Manhattan, where. enou:"h bu"s wvere-presenit to destroy the yrc
sorry plants early in J.ly, recovered and made some 'ro'-,th after th:'
ad, t FUts of the first (,e 0r ?.tio: di-s pp-eare d. At prcse.t their '.i-
catio are that very few bu{;s will ino .hibeornation.

CORIT LAI'.. FLY (Pre rinas maidis -.:;)
.T-rth Cerolia. '7. A. mho.ra (Ai: :.sl 15): Thiis insect has already put in
its a....r.nce on late corn at Cha,.bourn and has oe so a.ac by
feeding :nd 1hepositinL' e....;s in thL: rai. ribs of tho corn leaves. The
e ,xu'i; s.op is attraction; lar 'a nuibers of flies, osps, :." beetles.
Te injury is eapprebly not so sverc as was th. case a fe --: -aars ago.

..i.. issi i. J. .. T n.s:to-I (Av- t 21): Au, -. t g a -'"row r at :!.. .n,
arrisen Co.-ty, e sp)ocic".sC to thiis office with ti.i statmCn.t that
1hi. corn h- d e-n serioea.sly c .''..

CT. "AR TORL (Hclio-i7s o' solta. Fa. )

Masrach..setts. A. I. Boar -. (A-' .st 20): The corn ecar "orm is possibly less
a. than se.al, altn'., it is. still too early to tell definitely hw.-.
a,'rioo s it wiil bl this year.

Co ti c t ..... .r (-. :st ): T.,e corn ear worm is swc ,:'i.. sweet
corn, b t is not as abCnant as l'st year.









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New York:. H. H. Ca&pbell and C. Richards (A-u;ast 13): The corn ear wor-
is be';inA .. to appear in I'asfaa County. So far this season this pest
has not been a serious factor, infestation run.iix- fro1- F to 1. percer t.
H. C. !uckett states that, beginning next- week, the second 'brood nay be
expected to cause trouble, resulting in serious infestation.

A. G. West (Auiust 20): The corn ear worm is increasing in Suffolk
County, but is less serious than a year avgo.

Maryland. T. Cory (Auiust 20): The corn ear -worn is moderately abundant.

Virginia. H. G. Walker (August 22): Moderately abundant at orfolk.

North Carolina. W. A. Th:.a. (Augrast 10): This insect is extremely injur-
ious in the Carolinas at this time. Practically all late corn at Cha.d-
bourn, which ranges in height from 1 to 5 feet, is badly riddled. In
some insta-ces the whole bud is filled with frass and all growth is ap-
parently checked. Some of the plants hv died.

Ohio. T. H. Parkls (Aug ust 20): More corn ear worms than usual.

Illinois. L. H. Shropshire (Auegust 20): Corn ear worms abundant in sweet
corn.

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (August 27): The infestation on s',eet corn is 100
percent; on field corn, 90 percent. Worse in the southern third of the
State.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (August 2): The corn ear w.orm is extremely abundant through-
out the State. From 40 to 100 percent of the ears are infer'ted. TI.-- aver-
age infestation will run between 75 and 100 percent of the ears.

C. I7. Ainslie (Augast 22): Utnisual nz.bors of this cor.mion and perennial
pest in the cornfields of northwestern Iowa this sum.er. In iiany field s
it is almost impossible to find an ear of corn that has not been injured
and. many have been entirely ruined. This is very serious, in view of the
scarcity of feed for livestock.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (August IS): Corn ear '-,orm very abundant on both
garden and.. field corn.

Missouri. L. Hasen-an (Auguast 24): Very undant in late nubbins that es-
caped the drought.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Aaguast 15): During the perio- from July 15 to 20,
additional reports of d...a.e by the first brood of caterpillars were re-
ceived from the counties east of the 100th meridian, but in greatly dim-
inished nurmbers. Later, during the fourth wGek in July, similar reports
were received. from west of the 100th meridian, as from Wood Lake, Cherry
County; Lewellen, Garden County; .nd Dalton, C.-[.'.:.e County. These
are the first reports that -,e ever have had. of injury in western i'.braska
to corn tassels by the first broo..







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SOUTH3R1T CORIT STALK BORR (Diatraea craMbidoi,-es Grote)

Vircinia. H. G. Walker and L. D. A. erson (Au-,:t): larm-er corn stalk
borer is v ry a '.'.-, t in y fields near Ti-e'-.-.uer, il-rfolk Cour-ty. Sev-
oral infestations of the lesser corn stalk borer (T1 n ii:.l ; 1T..,:1.s
Zel i. ) hae also b e n ob servcl.

LE._LR CORY STALK BORER (Elasriopalpus lirnosellus Zell.)

Arizo-ia. C. D. LCjert (A;: s;.st 20): The lesser corn. stalk )borer has r-oderate-
ly a....' fro:.. 15 to 20 acres of cor:- in the vici-ity of Sa"fforl. Lar -ae
'cr' tcrke:; from the roots a'J., stalks of corn.

CARSOT ITZ:T. (Liravs .ibbosus DeG.)

Michi an. 1. I. 1lcDaniel (AujTst 9): Adults have been reported as causing
inj ry by feeding on- the roots of elia'this spe cies at .'.A asta, n.-
chrysanthe-nn at Three Rivers. It is also injuring corn an' s--_nflowers.
'. inj -ary is q:-ite extensive, about a dozen beetles bei.. fotid in Fach
hill.

MinIInsota. C E. Micel (A 'st 27): bboss is very a,'j-oIdant at oa,
Elk River, and Robbinsdale.

Missoari. L. Hasem-n (August 24): The carrot beetle has been unusually
a....at rnric Au'ust, conin;g to li^;ts at ni-h as do June 1beeles in
Jine. They o.'e been feedin7 about the ba.--c.of eeds cultivated.
plants, an.d birds have been busy lijin. them out, thus J rather injuring
the plant s.

COPRI ROOT QJOR: (Dia'rotica lon icorris Say)

Te.-.esec G. 1. 31.1 tl. (Auast 20): D. .onicornis s7as reported to be
eating corn silks at Ashla. Cit on Aoi aust 4.

ALFALFA

ALFALFA "TL-'L (jIqera postic Gyll.)

Calif )r.ia. A. E. Michelbacher (A-,7ust 17): A s-u'rvy of the area infested
by the alfalfa Trevil in mid Ie Calif'r:ia on A,< ust Il ;--.-d the pop-
Alation to ) l.-7ur than at n:y tine this co'easo. 3,oti ad-llts -.n.. larvae
/re scarce in the -r.. area, .nd J ut little nror. plentiful in the. r.ios
aeot Phc. as.-on ad iljs.

I lo. C. 1akel'and (A.Aist 20): T7.. aflfa ',voevil is :.o erately a-u..dant in




,L'."i:.7 .L.: CATI-FT',-AR (Anticar ,ia ..... ti l r ..)

Flori a. F. S. Ch1nbcrlin (A <:astt 1): Infestations in G..leu.n Count"y range
from li-ht to sever.










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FRU I T I N SE C TS

APPLE

CODLI1tX MOTH (Oarpocapsa pomonella L.)

New York. W. E. T3lauvelt (August 20): After an apparent rest for a.week
to ten days, the codling moth seems to have come to life again arind is
making fresh entrances each day in Dutchess County, and is causing con-
siderable injury on unsprayed trees in Suffolk County. Not many second-
brood larvae are entering fruits in Clinton County.

E. R. Wi ner (August 27): Stings are ap-oaring in considerable
numbers in badly infested orchards in Orleans County, whnre the first
brood was not controlled.

Maryland. E. YT. Cory (August 20): The third brood (second summer brood)
of the codling moth is moderately abundant in western -.ryl-,nd; numer-
ous in some orchards.

Ohio, T. 4. Parks (August 20): The codling moth is more abundant than
usual and threatens to be serious in a few orchards where it has been
troublesome for several years. In one orchard in Fra_'dlin County,
healthy apples, which had received two cover sprays in June but no
spray for the second generation, becanic quite worm,- early in August.
In most orchards the control is satisfactory.

Missouri. L. Haseman (August 24): IDuring July there vi-, pr-,ctic Kly no
egg laying and up to August 20 no young worms. Iith more moisture
and cooler temperatures, late moths are breeding and we may expect
late worms.

Idaiho. C. Wakeland (August 20): The codling moth is very abundant at
Lewiston end in southwestern Idaho.

Nevada. 3. G. Schweis (August 21): The codling moth is moderately abun-
dant, and app',ren:tly damage is less than last yecr.

A PYRALID (EuBohcr semifunIralis Walk.)

Indiana. L. F. Steiner (August 21): This borer is causing so-e o ^e
to bridge-grafted apple trees in Vinccn-es. As high "s 52 borers were
found on a single trunk, working in new and diseased wood along the
grafts. Adults are emerging and larvae of all irstars seem to be pres-
ent. (Dot. by 0. E. Marshall of iurdue University)

APPLE `LVMA.OT (Rhegoletis pomonella Walsh)

Connecticut. P. Grman (August 23): More apple ma7ots are emerging from
the soil this rear than last, and mrore hovc bc; seen in A-i- t in
apple orchards than usual. The light crop of fruit will doubtless help










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produce a heavier infestation than that which occurred lest v.e-r.

LEAFHOPPE'S (Cicadellidao)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bou-rne (August 20)" The young of the late summer
brood of annle leafhoprers are .just beginning to be noticeable. We
shell be able to state more definitely in our next report as to how
injurious this brood will be.

New York. E'. F. Bl-uvelt (August 13): The second brood of the white
apple leafhoTpcr (T-'rhlocyb,' pom-aria McAtee) has bag-n to hatch in
Ulster County. P. J. Chapman believes that the second brood is like-
ly to be fairly heavy in some orchards and will probably cause some
spotting of the fruit.

Maryland. E. N. Cor- (August 20): Apple leafhoppers are extremely num-
erous in western Maryland.

SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Com-t.)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 20): Predators and parasites have greatly
reduced the San Jose scale infestation at Fort Valley during the last
2 months; however, we expect an increase during the fall months as
usual.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (August 20): The San Jose scale is very abundant on
peaches at Waco.

Idaho. C. Uikelnnd (August 20): The San Jose scale is very atl.a->t at
Lewiston.

PEACH

OFITTAL FRUIT MOTH (Gr'pholith, mol-ta -..-ck)

Connecticut. P. Garman (Au-ast 23): Infestrtion is uneven thr'i,.:hout
the State. Parasites wintered successfully.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (Au.7ist 1g): Of 21,1472 Elbcrta pc-.'- os e.y-rrinel at
Fort Valley, only 12, or 0.06 perr.:-t, w,-re fouid to be infested.
Thc!e poaches were harvested from an orchard in which no control meas-
ures a "*inst the moth wo re enforced. As usual, the fruit infestation
was extremely lirht at this point .d the insect is of no economic
imrportance, which is attributed to the absence of a host for the hi-
bemati:..', broods of larvae.

Tennessee. G. I. Bentley (Au--. 20t 20): Serious i.-.jiur in apple orch.-rds
loc-,ted near p-,"-h orchards.

Mississippi. J. M. Lanmston (Au~ast 21): Injury to p t'-.?. tvi.ii by larvae
has recently been or? rvcd -at Hattiesb.r.- in Forrest County, Jackson
in Hinds County, and Stnrkville in Oktibbeha County.






S223-

PEACH BORER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (August 20):' "The infestation is about average in
Fort Valley. Moths have started to emerge in numbers. Tho common
larval parasite Microbracon sanninoideae Gahan is ncw on the wing.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 4): The peach tree borer is reported as de-
structive at Angola.

PLUM CURCULIO (Conctr~cIelus nenuphar Hbst.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (Aunist 24): The plum curculio is very abun-
dant.

Georgia. 0. I. Snapp (Aupust 20): The infestation in the Georgia peach
belt was heavier than average this year, and we are expecting a l-rcr
hibernating population than ,usual. Elbertas were attacked by a fairly
Heavy brood of second-generation larvae. The overwintered adults
lived longer than usual, depositing some eggs throughout the entire
peach season. Some after-harvest dusting is being done to reduce the
number of adults before they enter hibernation quarters.

CHERRY

PEAR SLUG (Eriocampoides limacina Ratz.)

Indiana. J. J., Davis (August, 24): The cherry slug defoliated cherry trees
at South Bend early in the month.

CRANBERRY

A ITOTOD01TTID (Datana drexelii Hy. 7dw.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (August 20):- We have a report of D. drexelii
feeding on cranberry foliage in the bogs on Cape Cod.

'GRAPE .

GRAPE LEAFHOPF R (Erythroneura comes Say)

New York. W. E. Blauvelt (August 13): Grape leafhoprers are more numerous
than for several years past and are causing serious injury in Niqg,-ra
County.

Indiana. J. J. Davis .(Arst 2'4)'l' The grape leafhopper was abundant on
grape early in the month at Peru and Brownsburg.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (July 15 to August 15): The grape leafhoprer w-s
reported attacking and injuring woodbine vines from August 10 to 15,
as far north as Cedar County -and as far northwest as Grant County.







- 224 %


GRAPE LEAF FOLD.R (Desmi-. fjncr-lis Hbn.)

Illinois. C. L. Metcalf (Augist 27): I have a report of an infestation of
the grape leaf folder at Louisville, Cly County. Complete defoliation
h-'s occurred.

Mississippi. J. M. Langston (Au-:ust 21): On Aupust 10 a correspondent-at
V.,. Vieet, Chickas-v: County, sent to us grape leaves with the followinng
statement: "Almost every grape leaf is folded up lic..this."

PEC A.T

BLACK PECAN AFHID (Melsr.ocallis c-r,,raefolipc Davis)

Goor-i-.. T. L. Bissell (August 24): The blkck pecan arhid is barely evi-
dent in orchards at Walden. It is increasing in numbers and injury
on Schley pecans in Milner, and will probably cause defoliation of this
variety. Stuart and Mobile pecans are generally free.

PECAN WEEVIL (Curculio caryae Horn)

Georgia. T. L. Bipsell (Au'aust 23): The first adult (m.le) was found on
August 2 at Experiment. Abundant on Au,:st 13 at Milner in Stuart pe-
cans and on August 21, 127 weevils were jarred from one Stuart tree.
Eme-rgence began about 2 weeks later than in 1933. Weevils are now
abundant at Walden in one pecan orchard (Schley variety) near hi kory
trees.

TROPICAL FRUIT

FRUIT FLIES (An -trerh, spp.)

Teoy' s. P. A. Hoidale (Au.ust 25): The operation of traps in the Tex-.s
citrus groves for the week ending August 25 resulted in the taking of
the following a-dult specimens: A. p1?llens Coq.--Mission 1, "cAllon 1,
Donna 11, Raymondville 2; A. sarpantina '.ied.--Mission 1, McAllen 2,
Fharr 1, La Feriq 1; Anqstrepha sp. (fr'-terculus auct.)--McAllen 2,
'!esl'ico 1. Five adult A. ludens Lowe were t-ken in the traps in Mata-
moros and 2 l'rvpe of A. ludens and 9 of A. sernontina wer! taken from
fruit shirped in froTr other parts of Mexico.

FIG

T{RE'-LI'TD FIG 2CPRP (Ptychodes triline-tu- L.)

Mississip'-i. 3. L. Bond (A.st 11): The three-lined fi borer continues
its he av,' dnm-n,-,e to fig tree- along the coast-l scctio-i of Jackson County.






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TRUCK-CROP INSECTS

BLISTER PETLZ'S (Maloic'oe)

Maryland. E. N. Cory (August 9): Epicnuta vittata Fab. is attacking tomato
foli-ge and fruit in Harford County.

Alabama. J. ':. Robinson (uguist 20): E. vittata is very abundant in Lee
and Monroe Counties.

Mississippi. J. P. Kisl-nko (Aug.ust 20): A vr-r hear infestation of E.
lemniscrta Fab. was observed on August 6, in the western T-rt of Stone
and the eastern p-rt of Pearl River Counties on Sell peo.-ers, causing
injury not only to foliage but to fruit as well. On some stnlks the
beetles had injured every fruit by gnawing, on fruit stems and cutting
off sap circulation.

J. M. Langston (Aui-ust 21): A grower at Morgan tj, Leflore Coun-
ty, reported serious injury to tomto vines by ., i':- -.... I on Au-ust
1. On August 13 a correspondent at Louisville, sent>w, county, sent
specimens of E. stri,:osa Gyll. to this office with the statement that
dahlia blossoms were being injured.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (July 15 to Aueaust 15): The spotted blister beetle
(E. maculbta Say) continued to be injurious on pot -toes in Box Butte
County up to the end of July, except where the fields had been dusted.

STRIFD CUJC`T'R BEETLE (Diabrotica vitteta Fab,)

New Hampshire, L. C. Glover (August 27): The cucumber beetle is abundant
throughout the State.

Illinois. L. H. Shropshire (August 20): The striped cucumber beetle has
been very abundant' .during the past 3 weeks at Des Flaines. Considerable
injury has been done by the beetles eating holes in the young melons
(cantaloups).

North Da'-ota. J. A. Munro (A-iust iS): The striped cucumber beetle is
moderately abundant at Fargo.
Missouri. L. ise'rn (August 24): The striped cucumber beetle has been
vary abundant on the cucurbits that escaped the drought.

YELLOW-SPTIPED AF'.[. OR!: (Prodenia onithoralli Guen.)

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (Au-'ust 27): F. ornitholi is working" on soy-
beans at Rochester anr. PiFiestone.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (Au,< t C): The cotton ctenilor (P. ornitho._clli) is
extrem-ely a7bn,'-nt in thl St-te 'nd is doi; *-. : '.D d-qo to garden
c cr ops lsc to pItat-r -, o-6. r l niolus TJ7-73.
G. C. Decker' (Au -ust 10): This insect is d-ily reported from
numerous sections of the State, doing serious dJor.e to potatoes, corn,
and soy be: -s.






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FALS: CHINCH. BUG (:'ysius .erica," Schill.) '

Cnlifornia. E. 0. -sig (A',ust 22): The false chinch 'cu" has been a seri-
ous pest in various parts of central California.

POTATO AND TOMATO

A TE'TE}EIONID (B31apstinus pratensis Lee.)

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Au-ust 15): Pot.to growers in Box Butte County re-
ported that this sm'll black beetle was very numncrous on the ground under
the potnto plants and was working on the plants just under the surface
of the ground, keeping the new shoots eaten down to about a quarter of
an inch below the soil surface. Some growers are quite insistent that
this beetle has done serious damage. It was reported from numdy County
as working on and injuring the roots of corn.

POTATO STALK BORER (Trichobaris trinotata Sny)

Maryland. L. N. Cory (August 16): The potato stalk borer is att?.ckin-
potato roots in Cecil County.

Iowa. C. J. Drake (Aurust 2): The potato stalk bor.r has been unusually
abundant for 2 years. .Many plants: have been destro-ced in the vicinity
of Sioux City, Ames, Des Moines, and Bo;ne.

TO-.tATO 'ORM (Phlegethontius sexta Johan)

Virginia. H. G. Walker and L. D). Anderson (Au,;ust 20): The tomato horn
worm has been causing/ noticeable da^aae in s 'all areas on the Eastern
Shore and the Northern Neck of Virginia.

TOBACCO '.70RP (Phlegethontius cuinau.:.i-cul-it. Haw.)

low-. C. N. Ainslie (Auust 22): Truck farmers and home --rdeners in the
vicinit-r of Sioux City are contending this summer with a -ost unusual
and destructive outbreakc. The larvae have aipe'red in grc%,t nu-mbars,
eating not only the leaves -nd terminal shoots of the tomato plants
but the fruit also. Continuous hand-picking h-rs been the only ra-edy,
and much d-.-e is still being done. :

Nebraska. 7. Swank (Au .-ust 15): F.eports from the Ncbraskn. Pnnh-ndle,
0snCcially from Dr..l 'x, Bannor Counties, indicated an u.-usLial abun-
dance of the larvae on potatoes ;o tc-tcs during. the fourth week in
Jul .

NvD I. G. T. Schwois (Au-ust 21): Tobacco wr-vrs (f ie-cthantius sp.) 're
reoortoed as doing; much da.'ne- to tc.--toes.

POTATO TTP-I "CRM: (Gnrrji.-c'- orerculolla cll.)

I-w". C. J. Drake (o.?:t 2): T'e potato tuber -'th has been observed ""rk-
iu in notto Z- tches in Stor,,- nd. Grec-ne Countios. Althoiu: !-. it has







- 227 -


been fairly well established in the State for several vers, it has
not been observed to do any commercial dama. e.

POTATO LEA.JHOfE: (a-p)ssca f3bae Harr.)

Connecticut. N. Turner CAuwust 23): Severe tipburn on unsprayed potatoes
throughout the State. Severe injury on -some fields of !-rden beams
in southern part of the State.

A MIRID (Engytatus enicul t.i Reut.)

California. J. C. Elmore (June 15): *.This bug has b?._n accused of causing
serious damage to tomatoes. It is common in tomato fields in Los
Angeles, Orange, and San Diego Counties, occasionally becoming rather
numerous. Injury consists of crescent-shaped scars on the vines,
which causes thorn to break easily. This injury has been supposed to
cause blossom drop but this has not been demonstrated. This bug has
not been numerous enough to attract attention since 1931.

POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii Ashm.)

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 23): The abundant rains and large number of
"predtors reduced the number of aphids so that little damage has been
done.

TOMATO PSYLLID (Piatrioza cockerelli Sulc.)

Wyoming. C. L. Corkins (August 21): A very severe infesteti6n is reported
over all sections of the State. There will net be more than a 35-per-
cent crop of table-stock potatoes from the irrigated regions.

BEATS

:YXIC.AN BEAN BEETLE (Epilachna corrupta Muls.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (Au-1.t 10): The Mexican bean beetle has been found
at Portland and Yarmouth, as well as at East Vassalboro (north of
Augusta), where they are quite severe, and at Gardiner, where they
are very severe.

J. H. Haw'-ir.s (Au&cust 19): The 'iexican bean beetle survived one
of the coldest winters on record and has spread well over the region
south of Piscataquis County and from the New Ha-'-shire line to the
Penobscot River. It is impossible to estim-te the damae. Commercial
losses occur mostly in southwestern Maine.
New Ha.-;shire. L. C. Glover (Auaust 27): Damage to beans is reported as
much loss severe than last.year. There are, 'however, small restricted
areas whore severe feeding has been reported.

Massachusetts. A. I. Bourne (Augrst 20): Beetle infestation h?s been very





- 228 -


spotted, some fields showing considerable injury while others are com-
paratively free. On the v.-hole, the beetle is considerably less au-n-
dant than last year.

".ode Island. A. E. Stene (August I): The Mexican bean beetle is moder-
ately abundant...

Connecticut. N. Turner (August 23): Attacking garden beans .in southern
Connecticut; less abundant than last ycar but still very destructive.

Maryland. E. Y. Cory (August 20): The Mexican bean beetle is moderately
abundant; on the increase again.

Tennessee. G. M. Bentley (August 20): The Mexican bean beetle is destruc-
tive, except in the eastern and. middle sections, where proper dusts
or sprays have been applied.

Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (August 25): The Mexican b.. ,i beetle is moderate-
ly abundant at Lexington, Stamping Ground, and Greensburg.

Alabama. J. M. Robinson (Aup-ist 20): Very -?un hrt at Auburn.

Mississippi. M. R. Smith (August 20): The first beetles to be found in
Oktibbeha County were discovered in Starkville on August 8. It has
app-rently taken the insects 6 years to advance westward from Colum-
bus to Starkville.

R. B. Deen (August 13): The Mexican bean beetle is very abun-
dant in northeastern Mississippi where it is doing serious local
damage.

Wyoming. C. L. Corkins (August 21): Moderately abundant; now found doing
damage in Goshen County.

LIMA B;A. VIIT7 BOR7R (Monoptilota pergratialis Hulst. )

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (August 1): Lima beans in the Chadbourn area
arc very heavily infested. There is h-r5ly a vine that docs not
show swellings made by this insect. Some plants have more than a
dozen of these swollen areas, causing them to break off re-ily when
handled. Borors are much more numerous this season than at any time'
during the past 10 years.

CAP PAGE

SIMPCTED CAP??AG W 'ORM (Ascia ra;oe L.)
Ohio. T. 7. Parks (August 20): The imported cabbapc worm is very injurious
this year.
Indiana. J. J. D>vis (A0.zst 2); Cab- worms wore reported as very
destructive in the extreme northern end of the State on August 12.
About the same time we observed tht a number of larmc cabb-cso fields






- 229 -


s6uth of Indianapolis were sverely da.seyd.

Illinois. L. H. Shropshire (Au'-,t): The imported cabbage worm is abun-
dsnt in northern Illinois.

Nebraska,%. M. H. Swank (Augujst 20): Moderately abundant generally over
the State.

CABTAGE WEBV.ORM (Hellula undalis Fab.o.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomas (August 21): The cabbage wobworm is present
in injurious numbers on practically all cruciferous plants growing
in the Chadbourn area. It is almost impossible to hold a stand of
young plants because of the activities of this insect,

CABBAGE APHID (Brevicoryne brassicae L.)

North Daota. J. A. Munro (August IS): Aphids are very abundant on cabbage.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 15): The cabbage aphid was reported as a
Spest of cabbage up to the end of the first week in August.

HARLEQUIT BUG (Murgantia histrionica Hahn)

.North Carolina. 7. A. Thomas (August 20): This insect has developed rapid-
ly during the past.month and at this time is causing serious injury
to collards in the Chadbourn area. In some instances as many as 50
adults have been observed on a single plant. In a few home gardens
the plants have either been defoliated or killed outright.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Auust 24): The harlequin bug was reported as being
destructive at Montgomery on Augcust 19. G. E. Gould observed that
it was not uncommon in a cabbage patch at La Fayette.

Mississippi. J. M.Langston (Auu.-st 21): A grower at Scooba, Kemner County,
reported serious injury to collards on August 15.

Texas. F. L. Thomas (August 24): The harlequin bug is very abundant and
is causing injury to turnips at Fairbanks, Harris County.

's'ELOITS

MELON WOPRMS (Diaohania spp.)

North Carolina. W. A. Thomr-s (Au:ust 1.): D. hiralinata L. and D. nitidalis
Stoll. began showing up somewhat earlier than usual on cantaloup.
There is hardly a perfect cantaloup in the Chadbourn area and practi-
cally all late squash has ceased bearing because of the activities, of
these insects.

Mississippi. J. M. Langston (August 1): Cantalouns heavily infested with
D. nitidalis ware received from Noxppater, 7inston County, on August
1. A grower at Houston, Chickasaw County, also reported heqvy loss
during the summer.






- 230 -


MELON APHID (Anhis mossypii Glov.)

Ind.i-?,. J. J. Davis (Augast 24): The melon aphid. '.:s destructive during
the first half of the month at Du::er, Colfax, Bristol, S ,ran-, and
La Fayette.

Illinois. L. H. Shrmpshiro (August): Melon aphids are fairly abundant at
Dos Plaines.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (July 15 to Augu't 15) Complints of injury on
cucumbers wr-re much more numerous durin- the period here covered,
especially between August 5 and 15, than during the month ending
July 15. These reports came from the southeastern p-rt of the Stpte,
from Cedar County southwestward through Blaine County to Chpse County.

SQTASH

SQUASH BU'G (Anasa tristis DeG.)

New Hampshire. L. C. Glover (August 27): The squash bug is abundant through-
out the State. Earlier in the season there wore very few reports of
its beinF present in any numbers. It was thou'--it that the severe
winter had probably killed lar-e numbers of the overwviintering adults.

Connecticut. D. C. Elliott (Au ast 23): The squash bug was sufficiently
abundant to kill plants on one truck farm; less abundant but injurious
in ether localities.

Minnesota. C. E. Mickel (Iugust 27): Seems to be building; up its popula-
tion in the southern p'-rt of the State.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Aucirst 15): From July 17 to 28, the squash bug was
complained of as attacking squash ?nd pumpkin vines in central Ne-
braska, from Polk to Hooker nril Hayes Counties.

Idaho. C. '1akcland (Au;just 20): Killin;; squash vines completely in south-
western Id.h+o. It is also severely injuring watermelons, having
destroyed several acres in Washintton County.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Auust 2): In one g-rden -t Log-nn squash b-, :s killed
the squash pl-nts and then acc-mul7ted on cucumber.

SQUASH DOP.Tn (Melittii s-tyriniformis Hbn.)

Tonnecticut. N. Turnier (Au.;uqpt 24): The snu.7i borer is 7ncorally abundant
and destractiv3 in southern Conecticut on Hubbr squash.
C...ocrcu :1 '3bgr quash.

New York. E. Blauvelt (Au ust 13): The squash vin2: borer is cspccially
numerous and h;ns c'- scd severe losses in several fields'in Cayu -' County.






- 231-


(August 20): The sou:ish vine borer is very s-rious this year in
Suffolk Couanty nd was found on one farm in Nassau County.

MaryloAd. E. N. Cory-(Au-ust '7): The squash borer is attacking Hubbard
squash in Baltimor- County.

Illinois. L. H. Shropshir. (M-a:st 20): The squash vine borer has been
abundant and vary destructive to plantings of Hubbprd squash in
northern Illinois.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Au-ust 15): The squash vine borer has been
troublesome in Polk County.

S STRAWBERRY

STA',-;ERRY ROOT APHID (Ahis forbesi Weed.)

North Carolina. '%V. A. Tho-nas (Auust 20): The strawberry root aphid and
its attendant ant are abundant and apparently doing considerable
damage around Chadbourn. They are apparently more in evidence this
season than last year.

TARNTISHED PLANT BUG (Lys pratensis L.)

Ohio. E. W. Mendonhall (Au-,ust 10): In soeIO strawberry plantations near
Lancaster, Fairfield County, tarnished plant bugs are quite abuan9nt.

PEPpER

PEPPER ,EEVIL (Anthono.mis =enii Canoe)

California. J. C. Elrcre (July 351): The pep-er weevil is very abundant
in Oran-Uo County, v;.:h.re fro". 25 to 95 percent of the pepper crop is
d '--r--,ed. Temperatures higher than normal during the winter, followed
by an early spring, have contributed to this heavy infestation.
Since 1924, there have been 4 years of this tTpe so far as peprer
weevil da-are is concerned. They were 1926, 1928, 1931, and 1934,
all characterized by a lack of low minimum temperatures with su-oer-
normal sprin; terr'erptures. The area was cleonod up of host plants
(peppers and nightshade) during the winter and now has only sli';ht
infestation.







- 232 -


FOREST AND SHADE-TREE INSE CTS

FALL WEE:''ORM (Hyphantria cunea Drury)

Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. J. V. Schaffner, Jr.
(August 24): Recent reports indicate that webs are rather common in many
localities in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts, though in
most places considerably less than in 1933.

Connecticut. R. P. Friend (August 23): The fall webworm is very common
throughout the State.

New York. R. E. Horsey (August): A fall webworm, H. textor Harr. or H.
cuneg, is numerous on black walnut, hickory, cherry, and apple in woods
along the west side of Conesus Lake, Livingston County. Black walnut
trees are common there and as many rs six nests were found on one
isolated tree. However, no serious defoliation was seen, although the
black walnut trees were most all infested.

NIorth Carolina. W. A. Thom.s (August 1): Farll webworms appeared rt Chad-
bourn somewhat earlier than in normal seasons -nd were fairly abundant
during tho. third weak of June. They are now seldom seen in th'-t area and
did not reach the widespread distribution of last year. The damage has
been much lighter than in former years.

Mississippi. M. R. Smith (August 20): Fall webworm injury, which was so
noticeable on pecan, hickory, and prsimmon in the vicinity of State Col-
lege several months ago, has almost entirely disappeared.

J. P. Kislanko (;August 20): Th fall wvebworm is moderately abundant
on pecans and oth r tr]es in Stone and Forrest Counties.

Washington a'nd Oregon. C. F. Doucette (August 20): Around Sumner und
Puyellup, Wash., the promin-nt i;ebs ar- quite common, nearly every pu.r
or apple tree in home yards having one, two, or three v.ebs. The-y are
also seen occasionally on cherry :nd locust trees in this section. They
were much more numerous in Clark Cmunty, :.-sh., 'nd nr-ur.,d Prrtland than
in the Sumner-Puysllup section. In addition to th,. trees named above
webs ;,re observed on walnut, m:pl., ash, alder, and prune in the Port-
lrnd area, one ilder tree eAst of Prtland having 21 distinct webs.

GYPSY :OTH (Porthetria dispar L.)

Maine. H. 13. Peirson (August l1): An outbreak of the gypsy moth was found
in Pittston. Females were seen laying ev- in Aur sta on August 14.

New England, ITew Jersey, and Pennsylvania. A. F. Burgess (August 7): The
reports on defoliation for all o: the towns in the infested area this
year have beern received with the exception of a few towns in south rn
.luine and an area in southeastern NMew ,l.': .psh re. Records were made by
State officials but th. information has not been submitted to us. Re-
cord.- for Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Isl-.n, and Connecticut are
complete and show no extensive areas of defoliation in Vrz-.ont and






- 233 -


Connecticut but slight increases over last year; a considerable increase
in Rhode Island, totalling somewhere in the.vicinity of 13,000 additional
acres showing from slight to complete defoliation; in Massachusetts about
30,000 acres less defoliation than last year (although in the southeastern
section of this State there was a decided decrease from last year, this
was offset, to some extent, by the heavy increase in more western sections
of th State); in Maine, incomplete records indicate about a 40,000-acre
increase over 'last year; and in New Hampshire incomplete records show an
increase this yeai of over 50,000 acres. For the entire area, to date,
there is nearly a 70,000-acre increase over that reported last year, with
the probability that this will be considerably greater when the records
for Maine and :. Hampshire are complete. In I:--w Jersey 21 male moths
have been taken from assembling cages in sections of Denville, Mendham,
Morris, Pnd Randolph. All of the cages put out by State officials wore
placed in the section where the above towns join, covering Pn 7rea several
miles in diameter froik the point at which the infestation was found last
April. To date 1 male has been taken in Denville; 1 in Mendham; 12 from
one cage, 2 from another, and 1 from another in Morris; and 3 from one
cage and 1 from another in Randolph. In Pennsylvania, 11 male moths have
been taken from assembling cages in the following towns: Blakely, 1;
,Covington, 3 from a single cage; Fairview, 1; Foster, 3 from a single
cage; Franklin (in Luzerne County), 1; Lausanne, 1; and Mauch Chunk, 1.
No male moths have been teken at any of the cages in Vermont, :.-.ssachusetts,
or Connecticut.

B13ROWN-TAIL MOTH (Nygmia phaeorrhoea Don.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (August 10): A female and an egg mass of the brown-
tail moth were found at Bar Harbor.

BAGWORM (Thyridopteryx ephemeroeformis Haw.)

..Connecticut. W. E. Britton (August 23): Severa.l Norway maple trees on the
streets of Bridgeport were partially defoliated by the larvae of the bag-
worm. .

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): The bagworm is quite serious this year, not-
withstanding the extremely cold weather last winter.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): Bagworms were defoliating cedar, arbor-
vitae, and boxelder especially at Dublin, Frankfort, Indianapolis, and
La Fayette. Reports were coming in the last of July and the first of
August.

Kentucky.. M. L. Didlake (August 25): Bagworms are very abundant on ever-
greens In Lexington, Hartford, and over the State generally.

Alabama. J. i,:. Robinson (August 20): Bagworms are abundant in Lee, Jackson,
and Tallapoosa Counties.

WALNUT CATERPILLAR (Datana integerrima G. & R.)

Michigan.. E. I., McDaniel (August 2); The walnut datana is present in the
southern part of the State. All the walnut, butternut,and hickories are






-234 "


being defoliated rapidly. This caterpillar was unusually abundant last
year.

ALDER

A CIHRYSOI.LID (Phytodecta americana Schffr.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (August): A leaf beetle, P. americana, is very abundant
on Mount Desert Island and the nearby mainland. Much alder is completely
skeletonized.

ALDER FLEA ELETLE (Haltica bimarginata Say)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (August 1): The alder flea beetle is general in the
State and causing heavy defoliation.

J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (August 23): Heavy infestatiomsof larvae were
noted on speckled alder, on August .6-18, between Bangor and :illinocket,
being probably heaviest in the vicinity of Lincoln along the Penobscot
River. Larvae are full grown and are moving down to update.

A SAWFLY (iTem-tus sp.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (August 19): A sawfly, Nematus sp., is abundant in
Andover where it is stripping the alder very severely.

ASH

CARPFEITER WVORM (Prionoxystus robiniae Peck)

North Dakota. J. A. Munro (August 22): During the current year the carpenter
worm has been found in 8 additional counties in southwestern North Dakota.
This insect is now known to occur throughout the southern three-fourths of
the State.

A BARK BEETLE (Leperisinus aculeatus Say)

Minnesota. C. E. E1ickel (Autust 27): L. aculeatus was found on ash wood
stored in a basement in Blue Earth County.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (July 15 to August 15): Durin,, the period July 17 to
August 9 there were many complaints of darr.,e to ash trees, chiefly in
northeastern I:-braska, but also in Sarpy, Douglas, Polk, Ho.-.'ard, and Parnee
Counties. This attack, combined with the drought, probably accounts for
the death of many ash trcns.



BEACH BLIGHIT AJID (?roihilur. imbricator Fitch)

1ISsissippi. J. P. Kislanko (August 20): An exec.-dingly heavy infestation on
Fanrm americana was observed today bout 15 miles west of Laurel, Jones
County, '





- 235 -


GTA7T APHID (Longistlgma caryae Harr.)

Mississippi. J. P. Kislanko (August 20).: Observed in large numbers on beech
trees 15 miles west of Laurel, Jones County, on August 170

=t,''l SCALE (Cryptococcus fagi BRer.)

Maine, J. V. Schaffrer, Jr. (August 24): R. C. Brown reports thrt 21 ad-
ditional townships in Washington, Penobscot, Hancock, and ''-jido Counties
have bezn infested this year. There -as a very high mortality of the
scale where it was not covered by snow or some othur protective covering
during the low temperatures of the ppst winter. low mortality on tre-
trunks near the ground ,nd on some 'of the roots has permitted pcrpetu-tion
of the infestation.

BIRCH

BIRCH LEAIF LIIER (Fenusa pumila Klug.)

Maine, H. B, Peirson (August 12): The birch leaf-mining sawfly (F. pumila)
iF very abundant, the infestation being generally heavy in the State, es-
pecially in gray birch growths.

LEAF MINING SAWVFLY (Phyllotoma' nemorata Fall.)

New England and New York, J. V. Schaffner, Jr. (August 23): Observations on
August 13-17 in we6 tern Maine, northern New r.shir Vermont, and the
Adirondack section of I> York, show that there is a general increase in
infestation over last year, except in the areas in the Adirondacks. The
heaviest infestation noted was at Bethel, Maine, where approximately 15
to 20 percent of the leaves on the gray and paper birch are infested. A
light infestation was found in -.arwick, Mass*

BOXELDER

A GALL MITE (Eriophye.s sp.)

Mississippi. J. M. Langston (August 21): On July 25 a correspondent at
Kosciusko, Attala County, sent to this office some boxelder leaves heavily
infested with galls caused by mites belonging to the genus Eriophyes.

CATALPA

CATALPA SPHIINX (Ceratomia catalpae Bdv.)

Virginia. H. G. Walker and L. D. Anderson (August 20): Reported stripping
the leaves from several catalpa trees in Norfolk. This is the second
season they have been noticed, but practically all of the larvae are
heavily parasitized and further trouble from this brood is not expected.
Kentucky. M. L. Didlake (August 25): Catalpa sphinx larvae are very abun-
dant in Lexington, Louisville, ;;'-.ynesburg, Parksville, and Somerset.

ULIBRAi
91AAf PLArT 130A.5









ELM

ELM LEAF BEETLE (Galerecella xanthor:e'-v-i. Schr.)

Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. J. 1. Sc'haffner, Jr. (August
24): Severe infestations have been reported throughout the resi-
dential sections of Waro, Mass., Providence and Woonsocket, R.I., and
several towns between Will.imantic and New Haven, Conn.

Connecticut. E. E. Britton (Au.just 23): This insect caused considerable
injury in certain sections although, on the whole, it was probably
less destructive than in 1933. Mlanj pupae have been killed this year
by the white mold (Sporotrichum globuliferum).

Ohio. T. H. Parks (August 20): Larvae of the second generation of the
elm leafbeetle are now feeding on Europran elm7 at ColQbus.

California. E. 0. Essig (Augu,,t 22): The Europ-?n elm leaf beetle is
abundant in parts of the San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys.

D. B. Mackie (August): The elm leaf beetle is rapidly extend-
ing its ar:a on the west side of the SacrokL-nto Valley. It is moving
in a southerly direction and has reached as far south as Willi-ms,
Colusa County. A new infosttion, discovered ot Port Costa, Contra
Costa County, represents a jump of 70 miles from the nearest known
infestation.

LARGER ELM LEAF BEETLE (Monoc-sta coryli Say)

Virginia. L. 1D. A-nderson and H. G. Walker (August 13): Larvae of M. coryli
have completely defolited most of the elm trees around the Govern-
ment locks at Lake Drummond. Eggs, larvae of all sizes, and adults
were found on the trees. This post was rl-ortod from this locality
last year. This pest is usually verr scarce in 'Tirginia.

A LACEBJG (CorythuchR ulmi 0. & .)

Massachusetts, Connecticut, -nid New York. E. P. Felt (August 25): The elm
lace bug (C. ulmi) occurred abundantly on isolated groups of elms at
Stamford, Kent, and Canaan, Conn.; Fr-'i:,;rd, N.Y.; ond Adams, Mass.

EL:. SCmRFY SCALE (Chi-': r-,is m rio.;. Johns.)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Ak-uFt c24): 2he elm scurfy scale is abundant on elm
at Indianapolis.

JUNIPER ;:TD C"DAR

CEDAR BJRK PFT:TLE (rjdlo, ai. d,-nt-t.. Say)

MississipPi. J. M. LnnrF.ton (A ,-i:t 21):' Specimens taken from cedar trees


- 23 -






- 237 -


at Hattiesburg on Au-gust 5 were recently received at this office,
with a report that cedars and closely related plants were rather
heavily infested.

LOCUST

LOCUST BORER (Cvllence robiniae Forst.)

Connecticut. E. Welt (Auiigust 25): The locust borer is quite numerous
in southeastern New York and was brought to notice through the
issuance of numerous beetles from infested wood in a cellar.

Nebr.aska. M. H. Svwenk (July 15 to August 15): A Cheyenne County correspon-
dent reported on August 12 that he had lost many black locust trees,
some of them from 6 to 8 inches in diameter, through attack by the
locust borer.

MlLE

GREEN-STRIPED MALE WORMi (Anisota rubicLuida Fab.)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (August 25): Red maple trees were reported as
being stripped in one section of Warren, in Litchfield County.

A GEBO!ETRID (-host..ni pustularia C-uocn.)

Maine. H. B. Feirson (A.rst 10): A measuring worm, _. pustularia, has
been abundant on red maple at Bar Harbor.

SUGAR-IMALE BORER (Glycobius sneciosus Say)

Vermont and New Hampshire. E. P. Felt (August 27): Injury is extremely
common on sugar males along hi-,,rhv.:ys in both Vermont and New Hamp-
shire, and a very large percentage of the dead branches and dying
parts of trees is attributable to the work of this insect.

FLAT-HEADED AJ-LE TREE BORER (Chrysobothris femorata Oliv.)

India'na. J. J. Dvis (August 24): The flat-headed m-ilo borer was re-ported
as being destructive to ma-les at Elkha.rt, Flcinville, and Notre
Dame, and to apples at Sharpsville.

OAK
L
OAK TWIG :P7,TIF.R (Hypermallus villosus Fab.)

Rhode Isl.nd. A. E. Stona (August 1): The oqk tree pruncr is showing up
in unusually large numbers.

Connecticut. R. B. Friend (A.ugust 23): Abundant on oaks throughout the State.

Maryland. E. Cory (Auguist 21): The long-horned beotle is attacking maples
in Kent County.








238 -

A FLOTER BEETLE (Jjphoria h .rbacea Oliv.)

Marlinmd. E. ?T. Corr (Au -st 2): Found aittacl:in!' oal: tres in Baltimore
Country.



"HITE-i'lT '*.VIL (l-issodes strobi F::c>)

Connecticut. 7. 1. 7 1t (Aivst 24): The white-pine weevil is som,:h. t
cenerall'j prevalent in southwestern New EnTlhand killinmz the lcadr,,r,.
BLACK TMJR' 7TTIi' B?"TLE (Dcndroctonus trebr-mns Olyv.)
Miss issin-i. J. 1,11 "a-so (A ,,7 c_
Mississii. J. M. Langston (Auist 21): On A.aist 16, Inspector J. i'.
Kisla-iko sent to th-is offic,- a number of ? -lits -,ith a rcnort that
several larsu yellow pine trees nc-,r :'icLurin, Forrest County, were
rather hoovily infcstcd.

CC:j.O:I fI1, SA[YER (M-,ro,': -iui not-.tus Drury)

Maryland. Y. N. Cory (Aueist 21): Att,-ckin. whitc :ad Au.trinn Aincs in
Montgomery and Baltiiorc Couaties.

A SCOLYTID (!-itjorhthorus s-.)

Massachusetts. A. I. Bournej (Au',,st 20): *e h!-vo a record cf the occurr-ncc
of the small beetle I-ityorhthorra snp. on vh'.1ite pinc twi.,s in Thr' cr
County.

A iI=T TIr MOTH (gu .-.- loriolT Helnar.)

Maine. H. 3. i-eirson (Au1-st l): A ,inc tip rnoth, _. lrio',, is vrny
obud >nt in the- tips of laitor'Jls in vhit :i.o pl.'!- ttions.

.-I.7 NEEDL7 SCAL7 (Ch.icnais pniloli:e Fitch)

Uta-h. G. 7. K-.ovwlton ( Auust 3): TIe cii l..af vc,'l- is zo-iouly da;-.i;
a number of Aus-tria-n pines -n the Ut'a A-.'ilt ColL-oe c"-vu.s.
Other oino il.ld sprucc trz,,js are "cin- dAr,- .-cd sli-:l-tly.

S0i LA?

TRRArI} SCALE (L: -Jcnium ni.'c ,-.si .tm i,,rc. 1_)

X(ntuc-y.;. M. L. Didla'e (A'-:a d',nt on ropl'r at ..'rsvillr, :'rocc'i:-j :.d Lc:-i ',tor.,









- 239 -


WILLOW

UROzFCAN W'ILLO', BEETLE (UI _iodcra vorsicolor' L.i,'h.)
"-MasahusCetts 'nd New Hrposhirc. J. ',. Schaffnor, Jr. (Au'mist 24): The
willows in eastern Massachusetts and southern Now H'_,,'r hire show
severe injury. C. E. Hood h-s found that there arc ,t least three
and a partial fourth FT.eratiorpsof this species in eastern Massa-
chusetts. In many localities a l-.te spray has been ar'lied to
willows in pTrks, on roadsides, and on priv-ate estates.

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (Au(;st 23): Glossy-loaf willows are now
brown in nearly all portions of the Stat.c.


IN SECTS A7FE C T I NG GREE5R CTjOU SE

AN D 0 RNAMENTAL LL A T S

AST7R

G.DT, FLEA HOIPiR (Halticus citri Ashrrm.)

Maryland. N. Cory (August 21): The .-irden flea hop'cr wns attacking
calendulas and asters in Frederick County Ind prs1:--' in Howard
C county.

CHRYSAZT-:. .,1I1 LACEBUG (Corythucha --. rmorata Uhl. )

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (Aurst 15): During the first veek in August aP numn-
b r of people living in Lincoln reported th-t their -,sters wvre bc--
irinjured or destroyed by the chrysantherjum lacebuc.



A TIYG2ID (StcoThanitis -ryrioidcs Scott)

Virginia. L. D. Anderson and H, G. I'alker (Auust 18): This ti9i.d was
seriously injuring azalea plants in a lr ce priv:'te g>rd-n in Norfolk.
All st,->cs v',re Prosent, but they w-re retail; controlled with srr-.ys.
BAF3':RRY


A PYMRALID (Omhalocor< dentoss Grote)

Connecticut. W. E. Britton (Aa,7st 23): The lrvy-e defoli tod portions of
Japanose barberry hedges *t HTmden ond Xsterbury.






- 240


Eor.'oc'


MBALY F,-?A (Ormenig tr_-,:, S-,)

Pennsylv''nia,'. E. C. Fe]t (Aumaist 2r): The lightning lenfhnpper wns re-
ported -s somewhavi-t numerous on or-eontal boxwood in the Philadelpoi-.
area.

FLORIDA El;D SCALE (Chryso-A'olus aonidum L. )

o.ssis.ipi. J. Y. Lan:ston (Aum-,st 21): Infested boxwood twigs were
received from Canton, Madison Conunt7, on Auust 17.

CRAB.-'MRTLB

CPAi.YR- ,TLB Ai-ID (Myzccallis klahprwalu-aokal ni Kirk.)

Geor-ia. T. L. Uissell (August 16): The crar-.yrtle r.hid is more .cuit
',t y 2riT(rent than in the past several years. Considerable black
7'".Id w.vs observed in honeydew.

Mississip7i. J. i. Kisl m'-- (Aujast 20): The crae ryrtle ap-hid v.-s very
abiLudant on crapemyrtle in Forrest, Lanmar, aid Jones Counties on
August 17, in some cases causin- heavy defolitioin.

DOGmOOD

A E0CT'R (Syn-nthedon scitula Harr.)

M.aryland. E. N. Cory (August 21): S. scitula Harr. was attnckin- dogwood
in Baltim-ore and Wicomico Counties.

GLADIOLUS

GLADIOLUS THRIiS (T.aeniothrips gladioli 1. & S.)

Connecticut. B. H. Walden (August 23): Present in some plantings but less
abundant than for the past two seasons.

North Dakota. J. A. Munro and assistants (Au-ust 18): Specimens were sent
in from Mandan, Morton County, with a report that they are prevalent
on gladioli in that vicinity.

Iowa. C. J. Drakce (Au.-7ist 2): Hot w.-'ther has greatly reduced the injury
by the gladiolus thrips in Iovwa this year. This thrips is very commor.
in gladiolus plntings in th,- vicinity of Ameos, but it has not done
any more dm -co to gladiolus plants than have two or three other common
s.p.-ieo of thrips.

LILAC

LILAC LEAF MIBRF (Gr-cilnria syringella Fab.)

Maine. H. B. Peirson (Au-.-st 10in): This is a major pest on both common and








- 241-


Jp-tnoesc lilacs.

ROSE

A ROSE TWIG GIRDLER (A rilus cormunis rubicola ierrin)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Au,-ust 24): Roported as destructive to Rugosa roses
at Decatur aid :kuncic during the month.

CURLID ROS SA'FL.Y (_- --'.is cincti-cs Tort.)
ashin-4ton. C. F. 'oucettu (Aa ufit 20): The coiled rose orm has be-,n ouitc.
a mbudaint on the rose bushes in r-y .rcon r.t Su-mer this su-:.-r, so-e of
the plants being compl-tely defoli ted and all of thin devolo'min a
r.-d apcear-ance. The poeak of the feedin; seemed to come -'bout the first
week in August, and now there ar- only a few sl-.:s in evide--.ce and the
plants are producing m~r2 foliee free from injury.

ROSE AIHID (',cri1:h rose L.)

Watshin'ton. C. F. Doucette (August 20): This aphid h-s been .orh rr less
-bund-ant on rose bushes in my garden at Sumner this sumrner. One spray
wr s asplied early in June, at which time the a'ohids wore extremely
numerous and would have seriously injured the plants, if they had not
been killed. At present they seem to be increasing 0 at,'Iin to tho point
where another sprny will be required.


I 1 S E C T S A T T A C X I IT G MV A 'T AND

D OME S i C A I MAL S

MANT

....- (Cimex lectularius L.)

Indiana. J. J. >.vis -at 24): Bedbus ha--e been rd'eorted --re frequently
than for many years. In one 7l.'ce, 'indf'll, 7oultr7 houses in the com-
munity were badly infested.

Nebraska. M. H. S.".: (Auglst 15): Reports of bedbu-s in hen houses and
residences ca:-e from io rkins and Dawes ,Counties on July 23 and Auarust 3,
respectively.

EYE G1TATS (Hi-"oel -tes stn..)

Mississin'ii. J. I. Kislanko (Au-a-ust 20): Eve n-ts -ire ver- "-bun'ant in
several counties in seuthorn ,ispipio-i. In Yi..'ins "nok-e-c" in
children is an erideric and is being attributed to abundancc of c--e ;nts.








- 242-


BLACK VWIDO0. StIDZR (Latro~ectes rmctans F-b.)

nK"s. :. B. rso: (Au-nisPt 25): rumnber of re-orts on the oc urrence
of tle bl'ick widiw s.i-, r h'ne bean received this tenth. Reports
h-vJ beon rec iv-d froD" S Cit-, Lewis., 1 : )ton, Jewell, ad Oxford.

I-2o. C. Vi2:eland (Auust 20): Distribution incrt:.,o, as indicated
by collections at Moscow and Sandpoint, in northern Idaho.

Utah. G. F. Knowlton (Aunut 16): Black widow spiders have received more
attention than usual this year from. the generall public. Specimens have
been brought in to this dcpartennt a number of times this surier, and
numerous inquiries have been made.

CATTLE

SC.'-:. WORMS (Cochliomria spp. )

Florida. F. S. Chamberlin (Aunust 13): The screw worm infestation in
Gadsden County is increasing in severity.

MisissiJ'i. J. i Ki-lanIco (Au., ust 20): Screw v.eor-is are very nu'.?r-is
rnd are do i severe 1d- --'e aid ca --inr losses in livestock. Re-orts
're coin",- fro- &enr~e Stone, JU-cks n Hcrrison, and other counties.
The ,:reo-tcst loss from worr.s is found arr.mon-. sheer .d hogs, with
Ib,'xxr -,ortality -7n, cattle, miles, -,nd horses. becmise these aii-i.ls
mr more accessible to treat-ent. One f-r-ner stated thnt of 250 he-d
of shoe;; he h'^d lost 50 by the llth of Au 'ust. Aothc'r stated thnt
his loss will -i*ult to sov'ral hur,:red. Wool will be brought to
ii;,;ins freot several counties in southern Mississipyi, and it is
honed tht a -ore ac. .rate survey will be m-ids.

HOKES

.id.-es (Chironomidae)

Oklahoma. C. F. Stiles (Au<'ust 22): One of 'Le s--all blood-suckin- n.idios,
which belon-s to the family Chirenomidac, has been rcported3 from Fot-
t ..'itomi; County, near Dale. These insects have been causing consider-
rble annoy-i'-co and damae to livestock, such as horses, -7ules, -uL1
ca-ittle. The chief remedy at this time seems to be :c',:pin.- the livestock
in barns at ni.ght. This insect is breedin.' in the lworth Ca'i.ian River,
into which the scv' -e of O:l-'hj-n City is bein d,-.ped. T'.e river is
very low at this time, and the midges can be s-cn there by the millions
it about dusk each eveni.-, and they annoy livestock thrcu.-hout the en-
tire nig.ht.







- 243-


HOUSEHOLD AND STORED-PRODUCT

INSE C TS

ri'EAlTES (Reticulitermes spp.)

M.'rylai8'. E. N. Cory (Au.ust 21): One report of injury to flowers by termites
was received from White Marsh on July 31.

Indiana. J. J. Davis (Aug-ust 24): Inquiries regarding termites are numerous,
as usual, and are comin- from every point in the State.

Nebraska. M. H. Swenk (August 15): A report of the destruction of the sun-
porch on a residence in Lincoln by the activities of the termite R. tibialis
Bkis. came to our attention the last week in July.

ANTS (Formicidae)

Indiana. J. J. Davis (August 24): House ants and, to a lesser extent, lawn
ants have been very abundant. Also, the lar107- carpenter ants hove been re-
ported several times working in timbers in dwelling's.

Mississi-opi. M. R. Smith (August 20): No ant in the State is the source of
more complaints than the fire ant (Solenorsis xyloni VcC.). Often the
winged forms which ar-ear in houses or on porches in large numbers are
mist-ken by property owners for winged termites. The following: new in-
festation of the Argentine ant (Irido-yrmox humilis Mayr) has been reported
recently 3 miles west of Aberdeen, Monroe County. W. J. Wallace reports
finding 153 fertile Argentine ant queens in a nest in Columbus. In one
instance a trail of ants 40 yards lone was found leading from a nest to
a house. Pharaoh's ant (Ionomorili pharaonis L. ) has booeen reported as
annoying in homes and stores in the following. places in this State: West
Point, Starkville, and Columbus. In the latter locality, the ants were
found nesting between strips of paper, feeding on bread qnd grease, and
even infesting beds. Mr. Wallace found the -:nts rheidole metallescens
splj-lididula ".'hir. infesting a house in Colubous where they sought bread
and grease.

Nebr-is-.. M. H. Swenk (August 15): In Platte County a large ma-.l tree was
killed by becoming honey-combed with the burrows of the carpenter ant
(Camimonotus herculoanus pennsylvanicus DoG. ), on July 20.

A BOSTRICHID (-olycaon stouti Lec.)

Ctlifornia. H. C. Donohoe (August 3): Two adults emerged in June and July
from a mahogany-venocred dining table purchased 2 1/2 years ago, in Fresno.
Emergence holes in the table top were about 1/S inch in diameter.






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I ,li I I II II2 l4 ii II I I
3i Iii i I''l III 126 I09 II 59'I 301
3'1262 09244 5930