THE I : SECT PEST SURVEY
A periodical review o0 entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.
July 1, 1931.
1 lumber 5
THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL
Digitized by the Internet Archive
INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN
Vol. 11 Tuly 1, 1931 No. 5
OUTSTANDING =ITOMOLOGICAL FEATURES IN THE UNITED STATES FOR JUNE, 1931
me severe armyworm outbreak reported from Texas as far northward as Vir-
gi-a in the last number of the Survey Bulletin became serious during the month
,_ June in the East Central States westward to Iowa. In the East Central
States this insect is doing considerable damage to small grain and corn.
The unusual cutworm prevalence that developed during May progressed
through the early part of June, re-ports of serious damage to a great variety
of crops having been received from Connecticut southward to Virginia and west-
ward to Colorado and Utah. The most serious phase of this cutworm development
is an outbreak of the variegated cutworm which extends from southern Nebraska
across Kansas and into Oklahoma and Ar':;:as.
During June grasshoppers developed to such an extent as to require con-
trol measures in northwestern Minnesota, throughout the two Dakotas, southward
through Nebraska to north central Texas, and westward into the Great Basin re-
gion. There is a local outbreak in Klamath and Lake Counties, Oregon, where
25,000 pounds of poisoned bran mash are being distributed daily for their con-
Wireworms have been reported as doing rather severe damage to corn in Ver-
mont and Pennsylvania and to a variety of crops from New York southward to
Maryland and westward to Iowa and Nebraska. The wireworm Heteroderes lauren-
tii Guer. more seriously dn.Tmu'u-d the commercial Irish potato crop of Alabama
than it has in any year since its discovery in that State.
The Hessian fly is apparently decidedly on the increase in the East Cen-
tral States, with scattered serious infestations in Nebraska and. Kansas. Ra-
ther heavy infestations of spring wheat by this insect are reported from the
Willamette Valley of Oregon.
A rather unusual infestation of wheat by the tenebrionid Blapstinus gre-
.galis Casey in the region north of Qreat Falls in Montana occurred during the
month. In the infested fields as many as 100 beetles to the square yard have
During the last week in June recently hatched chinch bugs were observed
in the heavily infested area extending from western Ohio to southeastern Xan-
sas. The outbreak this year se-ems to be more severe than has been recorded
for several. years.
The corn ear worm became seriously destructive in the Gulf region and
the lower Mississippi Valley during the early part of the month and was
first observed in Nebraska about June 10 and in Maryland June 15,
More damage has been occasioned to corn by sod webworms in the East
Central States than has occurred in a number of years, very serious damage
being reported from Ohio westward to Iowa.
The velvetbean caterpillar appearedin the Everglades of Florida on
June 10. This is about two weeks earlier than in 1930.
During the early part of June the rosy apple aphid developed to serious
proportions in southern New England and in the Middle Atlantic and. ast
Central States extending southward to Arkansas. Very heavy infestations
by this insect are also reported from the Pacific Northwest.
First side-worm injury by the codling moth was reported from Massachu-
setts about June 16. By the middle of the month eggs were hatching in the
Hudson River Valley of New York and by the third week of the month they
were hatching in numbers in western New York. Side-worm injury had start-
ed in southern New Jersey by June 9. From the Hudson River Valley south-
ward to Georgia the codling moth seems to be unusually abundant. Very
heavy infestations are also reported from the greater part of the East
Central States westward to Nebraska and Kansas. In the Pacific Northwest
the codling moth situation is more serious than it has been for several
Apple leafhoppers are doing considerable damage in the Northeastern
and Middle Atlantic States southward to North Carolina.
The oriental fruit moth situation on the whole seems to be much less
serious than at this tinge last year.
Although the light infestation of the plum curculio reported in the
last number of the Survey Bulletin prevailed over the South Atlantic
States, infestation by this insect developed to rather serious proportions
in the Hudson River Valley and Connecticut. The first beetle of this
year's generation to be observed in a pupal cell was seen at Fort Valley, Ga.,
on June 1. The first transformation reported last year was on May 23, which
itself was considered late.
Considerable damage was done in southern Georgia to pecans by the pecan
leaf case bearer, while in Florida the nut case bearer destroyed over 75 per
cent of the crop about Jacksonville. In the vicinity of Albany, Ga., the
nut case bearer infestation is extremely light.
The hickory shuck worm on pecan is occasioning considerable alarm in
parts of Georgia and Mississippi.
The Mexican fruit worm was found infesting locally grown fruit at
Matamoros, Mexico, and in a grove near Mission, Texas.
The seed corn na& ot was rather dost m-c"ive in 173 'York and the East
Central States south*'a7rd to Kentucky and c-strard to Tebr't,-a.
The cabbage mag~ot is occurring in outbreak nuribers in Connecticut,
1oe- York, and New Jersey, ,7ith serious da-:ace also reported from Irni.3.na,
Kentucky, and Wisconsin. In Connecticut one grovcr estimated his loss at
bet'.7een 2,000 and 3,000 plants, while plants in unscreen.ed beds in :Tor- York
were dria.-ed from 15 to 60 per cent.
The Colorado potato beetle continued to be unusually abundant in the
Middle Atlantic States westward to Illinois, and an unusual outbreak of
this insect was reported from north-Lestern Iowa.
The potato aphid is much more abun-ant on potatoes and tomatoes on the
eastern shore of :,aryland and Virginia than usual. This insect is also
reported as being very abundant in Indicana and Ohio.
The Mexican bean beetle is cauxirn, serious damage in HErtford County,
Conn., and became so nm-ierous in ports of ev" J.rsy, that the supply of
insecticides for their control w.s eo! r-Lstcd.
The asparrmgus beetle nas very troilblesome from Connecticut westward
to Iowa, complete devastation ta-in place at may points. This insect
is also accr.i:'.? a serious pest in Col'rado and California.
Throughout practically the entire country, from WTcw T_ and to Florida
and westward to Iowa a:d "ltbrask., the stripe. ctcu.ber bctle is being, re-
ported as unusually dostractive.
From central Ohio *;vest"-rrd to Wisconsin the poe. aIphid is so abundant
that the p..- crop is seriously threatened.
The potato tuber worm wne fow'ad attac:lin.- tobacco ot several places in
Kent:ucky during. the third -eeh in June. Tis is v-id to be the first rccord
of the occurrence of this insect in t-. Stat.
A very heavy emergence of 3rlod V of the moiodic.J cicada is reported
from the upper end of Long Island. The ocrur-c'.-.c Lf Br-)'d 7 in T'..' York
State was first definitely established Iy 7. T. ,.vis in 114, althouh
there are a few old records of this broid's appering there in 1897.
Canker worns have defolia.ted lari'c areas cf forest l-ids in the -R'd River
Valley of North Dakota and are much norc nwrrous tlan usual in parts of
Minnesota, Iowa, i'cbraska, anld 'Ki.', .
The elm loeaf beetle is prevalent in southern 1eov' M-land and is ap"earinj
in large nuribers in Rh.de Isl'nd.
We wish to call the attention of our rca-rers to a r.ista2k-. in pngination
in the last number of the S Brvcy Bulletin. Pawo 237 should be 2-6_; p-nc 238
should be 237, and p'-te 235 should be 238.
OUTSTANDING ENTOMOLOGICAL FEATURES IN CANADA FOR JULTE, 1931.
Damage brby the pale western cutworm, which was present in outbreak
form over much of Alberta and Saskatchewan, is drawing to a close. In
most of the infested areas the majority of the cutworms were nature, or
nearly so, towards the end of Ju)e, and reseeding could be carried on
with little fear of loss. By the time the crops have been reseeded the
cutworm menace will be over for this season, and with sufficient moisture
there will be little or no delay in the growth of the crop. The red-backed
cutwormr is widespread in the northern and central areas of Manitoba, damag-
ing grain crops, and local reports hLave been received of the prevalence of
this species in Alberta. Cutwoorms of various species are also abundant
and injurious to field and garden crops in sections of eastern Canada, and
in parts of British Columbia.
Grasshoppers are threatening destruction to alfalfa and other crops
in the Fraser Valley, British Colurnbia,between Lytton and Lillooet. Local
outbreaks have developed in the western half of south-central Saskatchewan,
and localized da:ge to grass and grain crops is reported from Manitoba.
The moderate grasshopper outbreak of 1930 continues in southern Quebec.
Wireworms are proving injurious to a serious extent on a variety of
crops throughout southwestern Ontario. In Saskatchewan it is expected that
dam-age by these insedts will be the heaviest on record.
Sod webworm larvae are proving more abundant and destructive in sections
of southern Ontario, where they are attacking timothy and June grass sod,
than has previously been recorded.
An exceptionally heavy flight of June beetles developed over an area
of more than 4,000 square miles in southern Qaebec. The flight reached its
maxinLun towards the end of ay. The beetles caused much defoliation of
deciduous trees and shrubs.
Adults of the Colorado potato beetle appeared in greater numbers in
Manitoba than had been anticipated, in view of the lack of snow during the
past winter. Reports indicate that this species is unusually abundant in
southwestern Ontario, and is likely to be severe in southern Quebec.
Large flights of adults of the booeet webwom have occurred in southern
Saskatchewan and in sections of Manitoba, indicating a possible outbreaks
of the larvae of this species on weeds and garden plants.
The San Jose scale has been found on apple trees in the Indian reser-
vation at Night Hawk on the international boundary near Keromeos, British
Columbia. The San Jose scale does not seem to flourish in British Columbia.
It is anticipated tha?.t the com.rion red spider will prove even more
injurious to raspberries in the Niagara peninsula, Ontario, than in 1930.
This species is locally severe in southern .Manitob,?., affecting spruce and
small fruits. Spider mites are epidemic on coniferous trees in Saskatchewan.
The D-iropean a.ple sc:r-c':r :as beecn t -.Cren in Yaimouath Conmty, ITova
Scotia, rTest. of t:.e previously cnown liriits of its flistri'jtion.
Bud2:.oth-s arc reportc-d as ouitle .pprcc.iail1 less TuYlcrous in tnhe
A-.::apolis Vall1y', DTov:. Scotia, tlan "n 3.930.
Tho learch c".tO ,.cr_ r is cpiC.c.ic on >arc>. thro,'-.euo.t u ]l.u -',c part
of eastern Car-cda. nnj-ur-' to s),lco fliic > th- _e .itc- arkd
tussoc: .-oth is roportce fror.: ITo'vi Scotia. T> fall ca:"erworrn is severe
on s.hade trees locally in so-b:iei I'nltoba, and all ell. and bassood
trceCs i:n sot.'r" "' ..... BM.is.ich are reported to 'e sli,-tly infested hy
Mosquitoes :?.ve been oxcoptio-nally 7..rce in the Ottav!a district, due
lairrely to the absence of river f]o'ds and to p-ast and present 'Jeat:'er
conditions. 'Reports indicate t:it t.hes! insects are belovw average in
abundance, in certain sections of rt ..r!o and ca'ythoern Q-ebec. The mos-
quito infestation in the Dry Belt araa nf British C';l-rA.hi2 is reported as
M. P. Zappe (June 20): Cutworms were causing severe injury
to young apple trees, budded last year, at Durham Center.
Early in the spring they ate out the buds and later fed on
new leaves. They were very abundant on a variety of plants
in New Haven County.
A. I. Bourne (June 26): In late May and early June there
was reported to us a rather severe infestation of cutworms
attacking strawberry beds in the Cape section in Barnstable
County. Prof. Whitcomb reports that it was probably the
darksided cutworm, 'Euxoa messoria Harr.' although this has
not been definitely determined. He reported that practically
all of the acreage of strawberries in the region around
Falmouth showed infestation and in the worst infested fields
from one-fourth to one-half the leaf area of the plant had
already been eaten by late May. It was not at all difficult
to find from 4 to 10G cutworms hidden under the mulch around
one plant. He reports a serious outbreak of climbing cut-
worms in apple orchards in Essex County where the spotted
cutworm, Agrotis (-nigrur, was seriously damaging buds and
foliage of apple trees about the middle of May.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Cut-
worms wore quite generally severe over western New York, par-
ticularly to tomatoes, and in one planting in Chautauqua
County 68 per cent of the plants were cut off in three days.
NIT. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June 2):
Cutworms are abundant and doing considerable damage to newly
sot tomato plants in Burlington County.
J. N. Knull (June 11): Cutworms have been very abundant
in small gardens throughout the Mont Alto State Forest.
C. A. Thomas (June 19):.. Cutworms were abundant and de-
structive during Mayr and June in southern Pennsylvania, eat-
ing off cabbage, tomato, bean, and numerous other small plants.
E. N. Cory (June 22): Cutworms are very abundant in Anne
17. S. Abbott (May 25): One report of very heavy damage to
strawberry plants by cutworms has been received from Silver
G. E. Gould (June 24): Cutworms of several different species
have been reported causing damage to different crops in Norfolk.
One species has been cormion in cucumber fields, cutting off
the young plants, while another species has been found feodi--:
in the cabbage heads. Dmiaaze to honre vegetable and flower
gardens is common.
E. W. M'endenhall (June 18): The climbing cutworm iA-roti!
unicolor Walk.,' is very bad on %rden crops in lake- County.
J. J. Davis (June 24): Cutworms were predominating pests.
During lay they were primarily pcsts of corn but from May 25
to June 10 (especially the last few days in IMay and the first
few in June) they were primarily garden pests. All kinds of
garden crops were attacked, tomato being the most commonly
damaged. Other garden crops attacked included melons, potato,
W. P. Flint (Jane 20): :Moro reports of cutworms have been
received than for many years. The principal species have
been the clay-backed (?Oltia gladiaria Morr.,) and 9ristly
(Polia renigera Steph.) with a very few black cutworms
(Arotis ypsilon Rott.) now appearing.
W. A. Price (June 25): Cutworms -have been very abundant
generally over the .tate, but now are disappearing.
R. Hutson (June 20): Cutworms are very abundant in orchards,
and moths are appearing.
C. H. Koonz (June 24): Cutworms are very abundan-t and have
destroyed much corn.
A. G. iaggles and assistants (June): Cutworms, though very
destructive earlier in the month, are -encrally of minor im-
portance at the present tine. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
M. H. Swr2c (!:iy 15 Juno 15): An aftermath of the plenitude
of the army cutworm (Cioriz?.:--rotis auxiliaris Grote) in April
was the heavy flight of moths of this species, much inquired
about and complained of during the first half of June. All
parts of the State were more or less involved in these flights,
but more especially the western and central parts. (June 8 -
13): During the second week in Juno, from the 8th to the 13th,
there was a sharp outbreak of the variegated cut'7orm (I.cophotia
margaritosa saucia Hbn.) in southern and eastern N5obraska. The
outbreak centered in severity in the southern tier of counties
from Furnan County east to GaCoe and Lancaster Counties, and
especially in southern Franklin County around Naponee, FrankThlin,
and Rivt.rton. Many fields of alfalfa, sweet clover, and potatoes
were involved, and some of them were completel.- stripped of
leaves. There :'!as trouble with this climbing cutworm durin-
the same period in northeastern eobraska, centering about Dakota
D. B. Whelan (May 15 Jiune 15): Daring the second week in
June a few yellow-striped armrayworms (Prodenia ornithogalli
Guen.) were found in the sweet clover fields in Lincoln that
were being injured by the variegated cutworm.
.Iowa C. J. Drake (June 27): Several species of cutworms occur
in large numbers throughout the State. Considerable damage
has been done to corn, alfalfa, clover, garden, and truck-
crops. In some alfalfa fields the cutworms are extremely
abundant, and farmers report that as soon as the hay is cut
the worms start feeding on the leaves. In several instances
the worms have been so abundant that they have been picked
up by the hay loader and mixed with the hay to such an extent
that the hay cannot be put into the barn. Several fields of
corn have been badly injured or totally destroyed by cutworms.
C. N. Ainslie (June 11): Cutworms of several species are
exceedingly numerous around Sioux City. All gardens are suf-
fering and large potato growths are being cut off. A flight
of the moths is attracting attention and exciting much comment.
When their day hiding places are disturbed they fly in large
numbers. (June 15): Damage from cutworms appears to be on the
increase around Sioux City as the season advances. Potatoes
are being badly injured and, in at least one field, corn a
foot high is being cut off below the ground level and is being
replanted in some damaged fields. (June 24): These specimens
were determined by Dr. Schaus as Chorizarotis auxiliaris
Grote and C.rc~rtis Grote.
Kansas H. R. Bryson (June 22): Cutworms are very abundant and
general in distribution as far west as Dodge City. The
variegated cutworm (Lrcophotia margaritosa saucia Hbn.) has
been very abundant this spring, being of almost general dis-
tribution over the entire State. The greater portion of the
injury resulting from the ravages of this pest has been re-
ported from alfalfa fields or fields adjacent to alfalfa fields.
The larvae killed or seriously retarded the second crop of
alfalfa, causing some fields to appear brown. In many instances
the larvae migrated from the alfalfa fields to nearby corn
fields, vegetable gardens, or orchards, where they continued
their destruction. At Manhattan in the college orchard the
moths laid eggs on the vetch plants used as a cover crop. The
larvae soon devastated the vetch and migrated to the grapevines,
where they began to defoliate the plants and attack the young
bunches. The young peach fruit was injured considerably. The
writer observed five larvae in one peach during the day. The
larvae in the trees continued to feed during the day. The
greater part of the injury to truck gardens was done at night.
On a recent trip to Hay and Colby, R. H. Painter four varie-
gated cutworms injuring sweet clover but not uncut alfalfa
near by. At Colby they had migrated from alfalfa to elm trees
and other plants.
Arka-. s s
C. E. Sanborn (May 21): The rarieeI7ted cut-7orm is doir: ser-
ious donarc to alfalfa at Alva,, Oihia City, Pauls Valley,
1li.s':ogee, Tuolsa, and StillWAter.
D. Iely (June 23): There has been an outbree-k of unusual
severity of the varieatc4 cutworm, du&'rin the .latter part of
May and tic early "-'rt of June. This outbreak occurred along
the Mis.issippi and Arllanzas Rivers, from the northwestern
corner of the State to the east central part. I'ost of the
rinfcstmtions were centered around alfalfa fields from which
the worms moved to destroy adjoining crops of corn-and cotton.
StE.te Plant Board, Press Release (Jun,: 1): In one case in
Washington County 160 acrcs of spring alfalfa was destrorci
by the varie-ated cutworm.
C. P. Gillette (Jnr.o 23): The red-backed cutw.orm ( iu-a
ochro...,ter G'.en.) is "'cr" abu,=,ant in southwestern Colorado.
Oiriza.-,':is sp. and. `-he 1'a e lrcsern c-.t'-jrm (Porocagrotis
or toqr.j.a Morr. ) are very abundant in ecost crn and southern
G. F. nowlton (June 6): Cutworms are seriously damnaginj
many fields of sugar bceets in the area west of Sprinqville.
Tv'enty acres in one field Ihad to be replanted because of this
damage, and large areas in other fields are bare at the present
time. Injury to beets in the Sevier Valley has been reported.
Four acres of beets rere destroyed west of Provo. (June 10):
Cutworms have been causi.-1i dna-ca to suar beets in several
fields in Boxeldor, Cache, and Utahi Counties.
L. P. Rocl.-ood (June I): Moths of A. -IL',_on Rott. are some-
.-'at more numerous than in 1930 in b-it tra.!, on land over-
flowed until earl May. :.'o damage is boin.T done.
,77I7072,1 (Ci his unir:'tta -V7.)
L. M. Peairs (June 23): The al;r.- :n,m is destructive to corn
ind garden crops in variou-as places.
H. G. Wa!-'er and G-. E. r-ould (Junoc 24): The aurrvorm outbreak
in c stern Virginia rer.chc --r.:-:..'n proportions in late ::-
and. c-:.sed svcr'ero -'.e to some fields of oats, rye, V.7heat,
az-d cor:- in five co%=:tics. V'o reports wero received of
dce,;- ,--' -but June 8 to fi-;lcds of rye '."d corn. Cents mr-de
in lato Matfy sh; that over 88 per c-t of the caterpillars
were parasttizcd by tachinid flies. Moths from the I:2., out-
bre.~~' b,_jn to appear abo-t Juao 15.
C. R. Willey (Juie 5): Sp"ci..!c-s of arx-,-. were received
from T..r'-., MidVlesex County, on JL---e a.Ph folr.-'
statement: "Last week just as my wheat was in bloom on some
pasture land the worms seemed to start in the same place as
they did last fall and in two days had completely destroyed
all the blades of wheat as well as the stand of grass, which
was about 6 inches high. There are three larger farms a few
miles away entirely demolished already." At least 95 per
cent of the specimens were infested with parasitic eggs which
I take to be tachinid flies.
C. H. Brannon (June 10): Serious damage by armyworms has
occurred in Halifax, Iredell, New Hanover, and Currituck Counties.
T. H. Parks (June 24): Armyworms appeared in Franklin County
June 20 and in the past four days have been stripping several
rye fields of their foliage and are feeding in some wheat
fields. They have already begun to migrate to corn and have
destroyed about 10 acres of corn in 3 days on a farm 4 miles
east of Columbus. The infestation in Franklin County has been
reported only in the southern half of the county and usually
starts in rye fields. Reports also come from Pickaway, Fair-
field, Clinton, and Madison Counties.
J. J. Davis (June 3-9): The common arryyworm was abundant
and destructive to barley, wheat, oats, and corn in southern
Indiana. Definite reports show general abundance in Posey,
Gibson, Warrick, Harrison, and Monroe Counties.
W. P. Flint (June 20); Armyworm outbreaks have occurred
throughout the southern part of the State, but are not occurr-
ing in the central area. In most cases the outbreaks have
been of only moderate intensity. In a few instances very large
numbers of worms have been present in the infested fields.
VWT. A. Price (June 25): The armyworm outbreak covered prac-
tically all the State except the eastern mountainous section,
attacking corn and bluegrass. Its first appearance was noted
at Hopkinsville on May 23; Lexington, June 2, and Maysville,
June 6. They began pupating at Lexington in numbers on June 16.
C. J. Drake (June 17): The first armywonms were reported in
Iowa yesterday, June 16. The worms were noted in large numbers
in a 60-acre field of corn about 20 miles south of Des Moines
and at Logan, Iowa. At Logan the worms completely destroyed
6 acres of corn before they were observed. During the latter
part of May and the fore part of June armyworm moths were noted
in large numbers flying around lights. (June 27): Outbreaks
are taking place in Cerro Gordo, Crawford, Logan and Monona
Counties. At Clear Lake the armyworrs have totally destroyed
a 20-acre field of rye.
C. N. Ainslie (June 18): An outbreak of the armyworm is re-
ported from near Salix, 25 miles south of Sioux City. Corn
appears to have suffered the worst from the "attack.
L. Hase.man (June 22): In several. counties an outbreak of
armyworms appeared. The "'orrr.s were practically mature before
any-of the farmers reported them. rest central Missouri has
many heavily infested clover and alfalfa fields. The worms
are .practically all of the pale variety this vear. A few
moths have alread;r appeared (June 22) and practically all of
the worms are .almost ful: r...cd7o miration occurred, owing to
the excessive supply of vegetation whore they hatched.
M. H. SW.iej: (May 15 June 15): The month of May was cool
and there were larje flights of the moths of the armyworm
beginning about May 22. The first report of 'such an outbreak
came from Thayer County on June 16 where the" armyworms were
damaging a rye field. This is a very early date for armyworm
damage in Nebraska. For comparison armywo.rms of the first
brood were reported as doing dnaj.Te in 1921 on June 20, in
1919 and 1927 on June 22, in 1912 on June 23, and in 1930 on
June 28, and still later in other'years.
A. C. organ, J. U. Gilmore, and J. Mila" (June 22): The
true armyworm was the cause of considerable damage in Christian
County, Ky., and also in Mohtgomery County, Tenh. Grain fields
in many instances were completely defoliated and often half
the immature heads were cut off.
D. Isely (June 23): Local injury by Cirphis unip-ncta, was
associated with the variegated cutworm outbreak in the eastern
part of the State.
St. r.lit Bd., Press Release (June 1): In 'Smunflower County,
on one plantation of 200 acres, all oats were badly damaged
by a worm which was thought to be the true armywor., of the
NTorthern States. Prof. Earned states that this is the first
record of this insect assuming the arm-, habit and causing so
much da-iage in Mississippi. The worms were reported as numerous
as one to each square inch. The damage occurred so suddenly
that control heasuires were not used in time to do much good.
Parasitic flies w.ere observed attc-,in-; the worms in large
numbers, and it is believed that no daziage will occur from a
F. L. Thomas (Iay 27): The armworm is still causing severe
losses in 18 counties in north ccl-tral Texas from Dallas County
westward to Concho County.
G. F. Knowlton (June I): Armrny7orms seriously dari.7-ed 3 acres
of sugar-beets at Goshen. (June 6): The army'orm is causi-n
denage to sugar-bect fields in the low areas west of Springville,
and northeast of Ber.,a:min.
PAINITED LADY (Vanossa cardui L.)
J. J. Davis (June 7,41',12): The thistle caterpillar, V. car-
dui, was reported noticeably abundant on Canada thistle at Lo-
gansport, June 7, Fowler, June 11, and Anderson, June 12,
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): This insect is occurring
in rather unusual numbers and destroying Canada thistle over a
wide area in southwestern Minnesota. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
C. J. Drake (June 27): The thistle butterfly is extremely
abundant and occurs in almost every county in the State. Some
farmers report large patches of Canadian thistle practically
destroyed by the feeding of these caterpillars. The Canadian
thistle seams to be more readily attacked than the other
species. It has not been reported as doing any damage to
H. S. Adair (June 24): Grasshoppers (Melanoplus femrur-rubrum
and other species) have been rather abundant in some places
around Albany since the middle of May. They have recently been
reported injuring peaches in an orchard near Albany and have
been observed. feeding some on pecan leaves in orchards where
they are abundant and 'the grass sand weeds have died because
of dry weather leavin- the pecan as the only available green food.
T. H. Parks (June 2.3): Grasshoppers are moderately abundant.
They are just hatching in pasture fields and will be serious in
W. A. Price (June 25): Grasshoppers are very abundant on
tobacco and alfalfa.
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): Grasshoppers are appear-
ing in rather large numbers in the extreme northwestern part of
the State and in the counties i,mediately north and west of Min-
:..olis and St. Paul. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
J. A. Munro (June 17): According to reports I have received
on the grasshopper situation in various parts of the State, I
should judge that it is the only insect problem to cause real
alarm. I have already had several reports from farmers and
county agents in2 the eastern counties that the young hoppers
have already taken garden stuff, some small grains, and alfalfa.
Directions have beer. sent in response, to aid in control. I
understand that hoppers are very abundant at Minot, Ward County,
and that the county agent there has boon directing control`
measures over a fairly large territory.
X. C. Sevorin, (June 10): Grasso -c.rcrc are reported as already
severe on small grain in C-.rles Mix, Brule, Tripp, Lynan, Mel-
lettoe, Jones, Jacs:on, HuThes, Stanley, and aakon Counties.
Some trouble also in Perkins, Corson, Clay, and Ben Hor:me Counties.
L. Easuean (June'22): Waste places, metdows, and pastures
are literally alive with grassbopper nm.phs recently hatched,
mostly apparently of the red-leg-ed species (M. femur-rubrun
DeG.). We are certain to have a real outbreak where steps are
not taken to destroy the nymphs.
M. H. S'enkr (aty 15 June 15): The outstanding entomological
develo!cent in :!Tbraska during the period here covered has been
the outbreak of grasshoppers, mainly of the two-striped crass-
hopper (Melanoplus bivittatus Say) in Boyd and. urro'di. coun-
ties in the northeastern part of the State, this 'being a south-
eastward extension into YTebraska of a general outbreak covering:
more th,%n a tho-.-s:'An square miles in southeastern South Dakota.
The first reports of da-:a::e in Xebr-sha came fror eastern Boyd
County during the third week in May, when quarter-grown grass-
hoppers were found in abundance attacking alfalfa and other
crops, with the pests still h.atching in rnumbers from the pastures,
.hay :mcidowvs, and stubble fields. This outbreak extended during
early June to include all of Knox, n-orthern Holt and Rock, all
of Boyd, and the eastern part of Kcy'paLha Counties. Three other
areas of grasshliopper trouble that Ihave developed in Nebraska
during the last few days of Meay and the first half of June
include (1) a sandhill infestation in the valley alfalfa and
oat fields from Greeley County -vest to Grant and Arthur Counties
and less intensely to Morrill County; (2) a southwestern in-
festation from Perkins County south to Dundy County and east to
?urnas County, in which area there is at this tine promise of
serious trouble in nr-icrous localities during June and early
July;: and (3) a similar area centering in Adains and Clay Counties,
were the grasshopers started hatching, in abu-ndance in early
June and threaten da%-.ge. The dnxage in these t'xree areas does
not 'promise to be as hoavy as in the northeastern area. The en-
ti'o southeastern part of Neobr-izIka, from Clay County east to
the Missouri River, and from i rnaha Countty to Vashir :ton County,
ias :ving an unusually large .hatch of rasshoppers, with some
d*ia 7c already evident in alfalfa fields and in vegetable and
H. R. Br:'son (June 17): Grass'hoppers are reported doing some
i-r.age at Courtlc.d.
C. F. Stiles (Juno 22): Various species of grasshoppers are
very ,bx.'d."t in southern and southwestern Oklahoma.
F. L. lheor-.s (June 23): C.r'..o.'cr' are Toderately abundant
in west central, northern, and northwestern Texas (57 counties).
C. P. Gillette (June 23): Grasshoppers (Melanoplus sp.)
are more abunidant than they have been for many years.
G. G. Schweis (June 26): Gras shoppers are very abundant in
C. D. Lebert (June 24): Several species of grasshoppers are
very numerous in the Valley. The most prevalent in June are
I1. differentialis Thos., M. atlanis Riley, M. flavidus Scudd.,
and Trimerotropis spp. All of the above were noted on the
alfalfa, and grassy lands of fence rows. Some damage is reported
to young citrus seedlings.
C. L. Corkins (June 23): Grasshoppers are ,very abundant and
apparently all of central and northeastern Wyomin. is affected.
'Sheridan, Converse, Nl-tona, Washakie, and Park Counties are
G. F. Knowlton (June 6): Grasshoppers are still damaging
strawberries in parts of Utah County, and are beginning to
cause slight ,injury to beets. At the present time they are
threatening deamnage to alfalfa, grain, and beets in the Elberta
and Genola areas. (June 16): Grasshoppers are stripping the
leaves from wheat and attacking the heads in the area west of
Garland where wheat fields adjoin range land. Ml. atlanis Riley
and tilocara elliotti Thos. are the most abundant species found
and about 2 per cent of these have become adult. A few adults
of M. bivittatus Say were also taden. Part of one alfalfa
field southwest of Penrose has been stripped of leaves by
grasshoppers, M. atlanis being the most abundant form with
about 5 per cent of the specimens taken having become adults.
Barley in this area was being dsnaaged by M. bivittatus and M.
Oreg. Agr. Coll., Insect Pest Report (May): C. A. Henderson
reports that grasshoppers started hatching in the Klamath
district May 1, and the hatching season is now in full swing.
Territory involved includes Chewaucan Valley, Sycan Valley,
Upper Klamath Marsh, Spragu-e River, Fort Klamath, head of
Williamson Modoc Point, 1larath Agencyr, and Lower Klamath Lake,
and there are a few hoppers in Tule Lake. Klamath and Lake
Counties jointly are poisoning over a half million acres, using
about 25,000 pounds poisoned bran mash daily.
L. P. Rockwood (May 31): First-stage larvae of Melanoplus
sp., probably fomu-ru-brum, appeared May 31. It is too early
to predict abnd-ance.
H. L. Bailey (June 23): Wireworms are reported as doing
rmuch damage to corn at Chelsea.
Louis i ana
T. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly i1r,,s Letter (June): A. W.
Rawlins reports that wireworr s 'arc working in potato seed
pieces in yor..iv County. C. L. Mosscr, jr., reports that in
one field v:hcre the stand was uneven, uiinder,'rournd stalks '"ers
cxamincd and wee found to be chewed, probably by vireworms,
as the field had been in sod several yer-rs and was not fall-
plowed in C.;,-a7J County. The wheat wircworm (Ari~te mncus
Say) was seriously infesting tomato plantin-s in western NTewv
York. In one field in Grrnesee County 20 per cent of the plants
were killed by thi, i.secrt. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
C. A. T?.-nips (June 23): Probably because of tl'-c cool weather
in lay ri-rc-iorms have caused considcrr.ble injury in Pennsylvania
so far this sea";n. A survey in rmid-MLay to mid-June showed
that A. mancus was destructive to corn and oats in Alleheny,
Mercer, Crawford, and Erie Counties. The above and Mclanotus
colTf.nis Gyll. and Pheletes azonus S'.y are the three principal
economic voirro'roms of this State. The drought of last season
was evidently no deur'e.it to this year's wire.ornom activity.
E. XT. Cory (June 26): Wireworms are causin. 20 per cent in-
jury to tobacco at Birdsv-illc, Anne Anirdel County. A count
of two ror-s tot:li:. 118 plants to the row 9.. 'Cod 22 injured;
t'o. d'-s after',v.'rds showed 4]1 injured. ,
J. N. Toinhet (June 11): First adults of 'oristonotus uh]cri
Horn of this season were taken at Fairfax June 5.
T. H. Parks (June 24): Wireworms are cnosimi a nmch diafo to
corn i:.d garden crops this -"-r, nore than for several years.
.7. A. Price (June 35): 7Wireworms are moderatel: abundant in
R. Hutson (Juine 20): r7ireviormns are very ab,.rb.nant, mostly on
H. E. Jaques (June): Wir-w.rms are moderately abun"Lant in
scattered localities thro-uhout the State.
M. H. S..'cn!. (May 15 J'w.'e 15): Wirc,"onrs. ..were injurious to
bottomland corn in P'nce County- durdh: the last week in Many.
D; Wisely (Junr 23): T'--.roe local infestations of Mclanotus
sp. were reported from Foirinzctt County.
W. E. Hinds (Juno 23): Wirc''or:r are moderately abundant
and injuring early potatoes in southern Louisi..na.
C. L. Corkins (June ): Wireworms are moderately, abunan.t.
Some dnumnage in the dr-,land region of the. eastern part of the
G. F. Cnowlton (June 13): Wireworris are moderately abund.ant.-
Some dmnge in the dryland region of the eastern part of the
A WTIRHJOBi (lieteroderes laurentii Guer.)
K. L. Cockerham (:.>- 30): There !as been injury by this
wireworm to Irish pottoes in Baldwin County, Alabama. Injury
to the commercial crops this spring is far greater than at any
time since this species was discovered in southern Alabama.
Many individual crops show injury to more than 50 per cent of
the potatoes h:.rvested, and reports, by the government inspec-
tors of the Bureau of Markets, show that damage to all cars
inspected by them at some of the shipping platforms for the
last week has averaged. 25 per cent or more. Early every car
shipped since Iay 15 has shown some "-w6rm injury." (June 4):
On this date Irish potatoes were found severely damaged by
wirewrorns. The species responsible for the great bulk of the
injury in St. Elmo, Mobile County, is H. laurentii.
0. T. Deen (June 8): On a short scouting trip during the
first week of June tie following localities and counties were
found as new points of infestation for the introduced wireworm
H. laurentii. Bay Minette and Perdido, Baldwin County, Ala.;
Frcemanville and Canoe, Escaznbia Comunty, Ala.; HcDavid, Gonzalez,
Olive, and Gulf Point', Escambia County, Fla.; and Pace and Milton,
SaitaWsi Co b,la.This was the first time that adults of
this species have been collected in Florid&. so far as we know.
H. Dietrich (June 20): The first adults of H. laurentii this
year were tealen at light on June 20 in Perry, George, and Greene
Counties. 'Io injury of larvae has been noticed.
T7HITE GRUBS (Phyllophaa spp.)
E. W. Mendenhall (.ay 28): May beetles, are quite plentiful
in Columbus and vicinity and reported as doing damage to plum
C. C. Compton (June): Hc.avy flights of June bugs occurred on
June 3 and succeeding nights in Arlington Heights.
J. H. Bigger (June 15): White grubs are very abundant. They
destroyed 20 acres in one field in Case County and are now
ready to pupate.
C. J. DrakJe (June 27): XThite grubs, Brood A, ate active in
feeding and have not as yet started to transform to the pupal
stage. During 1930 white 'rubs destroyed a large number of
timothy, bluegrass, corn,and pasture fields in the eastern and
southern part of Iowam. The total damage in the State amounts to
several acres of a 150-acre blucrrass p.sture field. In the
old bluegra.ss sod it would be possible to staki of0f an acre or
r-nore of .the- "round on rhich it eould be ir.possible to find a
].iving; plant of any kind. Population in the totally devastated.
fields runs fror.: 6 to 13 ,rubs per square foot.
H. E. Jaques (June): Vite 2rubs are very aR:.-L.:ant in O'Brien,
tUnion, ",Zyne, Marion, slack Hak and.' 3uchanan Counties.
North Dakota' J. A. .unro (June 16): Specirens of white z:ribs were sent in
from Rettinter with the report that they wrre causin- serious
injury to 7ard.ens ther,-e.
}Neras]:a H. H. Seenrk (May 15 June 15): Pasture lands, '-ay meadows,
and la.ns in northeastern lTebr'.ska, from Thurston County to
Holt County and south to Dod:e County, were ae?'ain reported as
beinL- injured by white .-rubs during, the last week in Hayy-and
the first half of Juno. A stud- of the r-rubs indicated t"at
the species chief-ly responsible ras -. I'o e elsh. Stravilberry
beds in the snme re7lion '-ere likew,.se frequc-tly reported as
severely injuree. .
Kansas H. R. Bryson (June 6): White -j:-.bs are moderately abundant,
injuring strawberry beds at Indeperndence and Fort Scott.
Mississippi R. B. Deon (Juno 19): May beetles have been very abundant
this spring in. Lee County. D-aruge to young pecan leaves has
been noticed in sever.1 places. Slight injury was noted on
pecans in Lincoln County on June 20.
G. F. Trcrvlton (June 13): Thite rubs are doing doniage in
spots in a few bcst fields at Goshen.
JATA.TES BTL3 (Popillia japonica ::e-.-.)
L. L. Guyton (June 23): The Japanese beetle is moderately
abIu:.: t in Harrisburo. The first appearance was on June 23.
CEREAL ANDITORAGE-CROP INSECTS -
HESSIAN FLY (Phytophaga destructor Say)
T. H. Parks (June 24): The Hessian fly is on the increase
after two years of comparative absence. A field of early-
sown wheat near Columbus was found today to be seriously in-
fested, with many broken straws. The annual wheat insect
survey has not yet commenced but it is apparent that this in-
sect has increased greatly since last year.
J. H. Bigger (June 15): The Hessian Fly is very abundant
in western Illinois. Much wheat was going down in some coun-
ties, May 21.
W. A. Price (June 25): The Hessian fly is moderately abund-
H. E. Jaques (June): The Hessian fly is very abundant in
M. H. Swerk (June 22): The Hessian fly 'is 'moderately abund-
ant in southeastern Nebraska, though there has been no com-
mercial damage as yet.
H. R. Bryson (June 22): Dr. R. H. Painter reports a light
infestation on spring wheat at" Manhattan extending west to
Salina with a heavier infestation near Lindsborg and Lyons.
Some fields were found in a recent trip to western Kansas
near Hays, Colby, and Dresden, in which 100 per cent of the
plants were infested.
L. Haseman (June 22): The spring brood of larvae has caused
comparatively little damage to wheat over most of the State,
but the fields are generally infested, and with favorable con-
ditions we may have a heavy outbreak this fall.
M. M. Reeher (June 1): Some fields of spring wheat in Wash-
ington and YTmhill Counties show rather heavy infestations.
Hot dry weather has prevented the emergence of the second gen-
eration of flies to date.
ENGLISH GBAIN APHID (Macrosiphum granarium Kby.)
J. J. Davis (June 24): The wheat aphid (M. granarium) was
abundant and apparently destructive to wheat heads at Lyons,
June 8. They were later reported abundant on wheat heads at
Marion, June 20, and Rensselaer, June 22.
JHIAT JOINT 70ORT (Harmolita tritici Fitch)
Orcgon Oreg. A.-r. Coll., L-,.scct Pest Report (May): T. R. Chamber-
lin repoorts that approximately 5 -ocr cent of the 'heat join
worm were out of the stubble by 7,' 6 in the Molalla district.
The parasite jrIt:m. parva Fhillips had barely begun issuance.
Joint wTorms and E. Darva were all out on May 26, adult joint
worms being rather scarce and :. parva the more numerous. In
late May the parasite Ditropinotus aureoviridis Cwvfd. vwas still
in the larval state. The weather seems to have been favorable
for a heavy infestation of w-heat.
PU-'I!7S FAL5E 7I=r70FRI (Eleodes oin.cr Say)
South Darlta H. C. Scvcrin (June 10): Plains false wirew:orms are re-
ported as causing severe damage to small grain and flax in
Stanley and Haakon Counties.
Texas F. L. Thomas (June 23): False vwircvorms arc very abundant
at Plainviewv, also in Floyd, Hal, Lamb, and Sisher Counties.
SA TE,1S3RI0:'ID 3:BEETLE (Blanstinus -:rc.alis Casey)
Montana G. A. i/iail (June 5): I would like to report that the tone-
brionid B. rC^-.li. is this spring doing considerable damage
to v:heat in central and vcstern Montana. In certain sections
they are so numerous that under each clod of earth in a field
there will be 15 to 20 beetles, and a conservative average in
arc;s where they are doing the most danm-;e would be 100 to
the square yard. Both s-nring rand winter heats are being at-
tacked and the insect is also recorded as attacking sugar
beets. The beetle seems to be vwidespread but tnc localities
where the most severe injury is reported are north of Great
A LE-F;U.PF:rp (Deltoccrhalus confiAuratus Uh.I.)
Nebraska M. H. Swenk (May 15 June 15): A fe. wheat fields in Scotts
Bluff County were so heavily infested with the Icafhopper D.
configuratus during the first week in June that the plants
were killed out to a considerable extent.
SAY'S PLAITP BUG (Chlorochroa sayi Stal)
Utah G. F. I'nowlton (June 22): A serious outbreak of Say's
plant bug is occurring on Bountiful Brnch. The adult bugs
are extrcuely abundant, and attacking the heads of wheat,
one to four hugs boi'.: present on.nearly every head in the
STATE PLANT BOARD
APPLE GRAIN APHID (Rhopalosiphum -orunifoliae Fitch)
R. H. Pettit (June 26): An epidemic is raging in the grain
fields of Michigan. Reports are being received daily that
the heads of wheat are packed full of lice. An examination
of all specimens sent in thus far indicates the presence of
the northern grain aphid.
CHINTCH BUG (Blissus leucooterus Say)
T. H. Parks (June 20): Young bugs are now appearing on
wheat and foxtail grass in western Ohio. cExaminations of
wheat and barley fields indicate that there will be many of
these bugs in July, and county agents are preparing to as-
sist farmers to protect their corn.
W. P. Flint (June 20): The moderately heavy rains occur-
ring during the first part of June were not sufficiently fre-
quent to cause any great reduction in the infestation. Young
bugs are now hatching in very large numbers and the infesta-
tion will apparently be heavy enough to cause slight to se-
vere damage over 'the southcentral part of the State from Ful-
ton and Champaign Counties southward to Randolph and Perry
Counties. The insect is numerous enough to cause heavy loss-
es in Christian, Montgomery, Bond, Clinton, and WJashington
L. Hasem-an (June 22): Chinch bugs are more abundant through
central Missouri from the Kansas line to the Illinois line
than they have been in many years. Unusually favorable weath-
er for the development of wheat, coupled with the late migra-
tion of the bugs, has apparently prevented severe damage to
wheat. On June 22, while the adults are still mating and ovi-
positing, early hatched nymphs are fairly covering the base
of corn, oats, and wheat plants, where the fields are badly
infested. Many cornfields are infested with the old bugs
owing to the late flight and by the first of July we are ex-
pecting the migration of the young bugs from wheat to corn
and our farmers are prepared to fight them with barriers.
H. R. Bryson (June 22): Chinch bugs are very abundant.
Corres-oondence indicates that this insect is a menace in
southeast ern Kansas.
D. Isely (June 23): Local injury by chinch bugs to corn
has been re-ported from a number of counties in the eastern
part of the State.
St. PI. Bd., Press Release (June 8): Several cDolaints
of chinch bugs have been received from various sections of
Mississippi. They are probably -norc abundant this season
than usual, according to Prof. R. W7. Harned, on account of
the prolonged drought of last summer which was very favor-
able for them-n. They cause the greatest da-nmae in this State
to corn and oats, generally fading in large numbers around
the roots, inside the leaf blades, and on other parts of
the plants. Serious injury to corn usually occurs when this
crop is adjacent to oats.
"7HITE-LI W SPHITX (Celerio lineata Fab.)
C. NIT. Ainslie (June 8): A complaint that corn on low land
was being eaten by these worms was investigated and it was
found that numerous larvae had wandered away frorrm dock (Ru-
mex sp.) and that corn had beeoon injured but not seriously.
The larvae were of all sizes and appeared to relish the corn
diet, a most unusual food for the species.
C. P. Gillette (June 26): This insect is very abundant,
mostly on weeds at Greeley and Collins area.
CORIT SR "VTOP: (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)
E. N. Cory (June 22): Corn ear worm. moths were observed
about June 15 in small numbers.
D. B. Thelan (May 15 June 15): The first generation be-
gan hatching about June 10. Adults, e-fs, an.7 newly-hatched
larvae were found on corn plants on June 15 at Lincoln.
K. L. Coc'crhm- (June 5): The corn ear worm is begin-ing
to show up as a serious nest on early corn at Foley. A re-
port on one-half carload for market s .ov.-d approximately
85 per cent injury.
R. W. Harned (June 19): Corres-'ondents at Glendora, Tal-
lahatchie County, and Brooksville, I'o::ubee County, sent to
this office on June 13 and 13 specimens with the information
that those insects were abundant on young corn and were
causinC. considerable damage. This insect wvas also reorted
as causing considerable injury to the tomato crop at Long
Beach, on June 12.
'J. E. Hinds (June 23): The second generation of the corn
ear worm is moderately abundant in general. Parasitism by
Trichoer.-m.-a minut-in Riley is developing in the eggs more
numcrousl;, and earlier in the season than is the case with
cgr-s of Diatraoca :cchralis Fab.
SOUTHERN CORN STALK BORER (Diatraea zeacolella Dyar)
C. H. Brannon (June 26): The larger corn-stalk borer is
causing widespread damage to corn over the State.
J. R. Watson (June 22): The larger corn stalk borer is do-
ing considerable damage to corn in fields above Monticello
where rotation of crops is not practiced. The damage has
been aggravated by dry weather (F.W.Walker).
CORN BILLBUGS (Sphenobhorus spp.)
R. Hutson (June 15): On June 15 I saw an infestation by
one of the billbugs at Alicia, where these pests were taking
about one-third of a crop of 80 acres of corn.
H. C. Severin (June 10): Sphenop-ohorus aequalis Gyll. is
reported at 7White Lake attacking corn.
SOD WEBWOR01S (Crambus spp))
T. H. Parks (June 24): There was more damage to corn dur-
ing June from Cramnbus larvae than I have ever seen in one
year. The injury was general over the State and lasted un-
til almost the end of the month.
J. J. Davis (June 24): Webworms (Crambidae) were more often
reported attacking corn than any other insect. Reports were
received from May 23 to June 12 from Bluffton, Crawfordsville,
Decatur, Fra.nklin, Greenfield, Logansport, Matthews, Pittsboro,
Portland, and Tipton. Many other reports were received by
telephone fro-i Tippecanoe and adjoining counties.
J. H. Bigger (June 15): A very heavy moth flight of leather
colored sod webworms, Crambus trisectus Walk.,was noted con-
tinuing fro-i June 2 to June 10 in western Illinois. This
flight was observed during night driving.
W. P. Flint (June 20): Sod webworms have been reported
throughout central Illinois as causing serious injury. In
many cases the injury has occurred in fields which were in
oats in 1930 and which had become very grassy by fall. Very
heavy flights of adults are taking place at the present time,
the species most abundant being C. trisectus.
C. J. Drake (June 27): Sod webworms (two species) are ex-
treiely abundant at Toledo, many corn fields having been in-
W. A. Priae (June 25): Sod webworm has caused much damage
to corn and tobacco at Nicholasville, Muir, Litchfield, Tolles-
boro and Woodlawn. The moths are very abundant. They can be
gathered by the quart about porch lights at night in Lexing-
ton. They clog radiators of machines at night.
GR=7. CLOVER QI0M (Flathypena scabra Fab.)
C. C. Co-pton (June 13): Adults of the green clover worm
are nuch -nore numerous than usual for the Des Plaines section
of Illinois. Thirty to fifty noths have been taken in the
moth traps every night for the past ten days.
C.J. Drake (June 27): The green clover worn is extremely
abundant throughout the State and doing considerable damage
to alfalfa, clover, and peas. It is causing a considerable
amount of annoyance on peas in gardens.
A LUCANID BE2TLE (Pseudolucanus dama Fab.)
R. H. Pettit (June 18): I received samples this morning of
Lucanus, probably dana, working in a clover field in Mecosta
County. The creatures are apparently swarming in great num-
bers in the clover field. The county agent at Big Rapids
writes mTe that the far-i is literally full of holes, or rather
this particular spot on the fa-n is literally full of holes.
They are worse in a spot of clover seeding, where every par-
ticle of clover vegetation was eaten into the ground, and
where they had worked the ground was as bare as a floor as
far as clover was concerned. This is quoting County Agent
E.E.Thwing. He says they come back to the field every night
in large numbers.
CLOVER L.:1F 27EVIL (Hypera punctata Fab.)
C. 7. Sanborn (May 28): The clover leaf weevil is serious
in alfalfa at Guthrie, Stillwater, and doubtless other places.
ALFALFA W7EEVIL (Phytono-rus posticus Gyll.)
G. G. Schweis (June 26): The alfalfa weevil is very abund-
ant in western zTevada, causing serious la7age to first-crop
G. F. Knowlton (June 21): The alfalfa weevil is moderately
to very abundant in Uintah Basin and so-nc other arts of north-
Oreg. Agr. Coll., Insect Pest Report (May): The alfalfa
weevil is moderately abundant in Jackson County and scarce on
banks of the Snake River in Mal.ieiir County.
A CURCULIOITD (Tanynecus confertus Gyll.)
M. H. Swenk (May 15 June 15): During the third weck in
May a field of alfalfa in Xeith County, seeded the preceding
August, was found to show many bare spots in which the alfal-
fa and the weed growth had both been eaten. An abundance of
the beetle T. confertus in this field indicates the possibil-
ity that it may have been responsible for the damage.
A PLANT BUG' (Adel-phocoris lineolatus Goeze)
C. J. Drake (June 27): The alfalfa plant bug is extremely
abundant in alfalfa fields in Story County and is spreading
rapidly in various directions. It seems to be migrating fast-
er northward than in other directions in the State. In some
alfalfa fields in Story County it is possible to collect then
in great nup3bers by sweeping the alfalfa. This insect was
first found in Iowa by Dr. H. H. Knight on June 18, 1929.
TIREE-COR-MD ALFALFA HOPFER (Stictocephala festina Say)
C. D. Lebert (June 24): The three-cornered alfalfa hopper
is quite abundant in alfalfa fields in the Salt River Valley.
VELVETBEaN CATERPILLAR (Anticarsia geatilis Hbn.)
J. R. Watson (June 22): The velvetbean caterpillar appeared
at Belle Glade in the Eveiglades on June 10 and is now abund-
ant on velvetbeans, soy beans, snap beans, and peanuts. This
is at least two weeks earlier than last year. (R.N.Lobdell,)
ZEBRA CATERPILL.AR (Maomestra ricta Harr.)
G. G. Schweis (June 26): Mem-nestra coranica Icta Harr.;--ob-
served dam-aging alfalfa fields in the vicinity of Fallen.
SUGARCANE BEETLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lee.)
W. AI Price (Jine: ~"
A:n Price (JneR25) Rough-headed corn stalk beetles are
damaging corn at Donansburg.
R. W. Harned and assistants (June): Injury to young corn
by these insects was reported from Cleveland May 20, from
Scobey on June 2, and from Byhalia on June 15. Injury to
corn and sugarcane was reported from Philadelphia on Juno 4.
J. W. Ingram=and E. K. Bynum (May 29): A survey has been
made from Racoland to Lafayette and from Houma to Alexandria.
Beetle injury did not run over 1 per cent, except at Franklin
and at two sugarcane plantations. Around Franklin the injury
was 10 poer cent. On a plantation near St. Martinville one
field had damage amounting to over 40 per cent, the other
fields having about 15 per cent injury. At a plantation near
Morgan City one field had about 3 per cent damage.
W7. A. Douglas (May 27): Reports have come to the Rice Ex-
periment Station that the sugarcane beetle has been injuring
rice to some extent.
SUG'ARCA'TE BORER (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)
17. A. Douglas (June' 15): Several examinations of cornfields
in the vicinity of Crowley were made last week, and heavy in-
festations were found in all fields except one. The stalks
were practically 100 per cent infested, and the damage was se-
vere enough to cause the stalks to die and fall over.
SW. E. Hinds (June 23): The sugarcane borer has started on
the second generation. The infestation is generally light as
yet although some centers of heavy infestation have been found
in corn which was planted early and is now in tassel and de-
veloping ears. Parasitism by Trichograma minutum Riley is
developing in the eggs of Heliothis obsoleta, especially,
and earlier in the season it was tound in the eggs of Diatraea
saccharali s Fab.
(.Monthlv Lftter Qf the Bureau ?f ntomology.ITumber 205
ay): Onl ay 8 &.A. J.aynes o h ne ureau r6f Entomology sent
by airplane froe Trujillo, Peru, 1,075 adults of Ipobracon
rimac Wolcott~a hyncnopterous parasite of the s-garcine moth
borer. *The shipment arrived at Miami, Fla., on ,.ay 11, and
was then sent by express to Iew Orleans, arriving there on
May 13. Three hundred and twenty-seven of the wasps were
alive and in good condition. The total trip was less than 6
days, whereas by ship and train it wo-ld have required about
22 days. The percentage of survival was better by airplane,
although the parasites were not kept at low temperatures, as
they are when sent in the ordinary way.
RICE W7AT3 W7EEVIL (LissorhoDtrus sinmplex Say)
7. A. Dou,;las (June 26): The rice watcr weevile situation is
ABOUT as usual. The adults have caused some feeding scars nn
the rice plants, but not enough to be called injurious. Larvae
are present in m-nost fields. The farmers are beginning to rea-
lize that this weevil is not an injurious nest of rice.
N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Fruit
aphids increased extremely rapidly during the early part of the
month in practically all parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
APPLE APHID (Aphis pomi DeG.)
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the second and third weeks in June green aphids became quite
abundant in the Hudson River Valley, but not numerous enough to
be considered serious. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
NT. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Green
aphids were showing up in numbers by the third week in June in
parts of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
ROSY APPLE APHID (Anuraphis roseus Baker)
P. Garman (June 23): An outbreak of moderate proportions,
severe in some orchards or portions thereof, is reported from
New Haven and Hartford Counties.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the early part of the month rosy apple aphids increased very
rapidly in the lower Hudson River Valley. By the 15th of the
month the populations were so large that control measures were
applied. The outbreak subsided during the third week in June
in the western part of the State. They were still in an active
condition, on June 22 in many orchards in Monroe County and
ruined as much as from 40 to 50 per cent of the fruit,
N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Heavy
infestations of the rosy apple aphid caused severe damage in
southern Jersey during the first week in June. This condition
prevailed to nearly the middle of the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
E. N. Cory (June 22): The rosy aphid is very abundant through-
out the State.
L. M. Peairs (June 23): Rosy aphids are moderately abundant
Z. P. Metcalf (May 30): The rosy apple aphid is very abundant,
T. H. Parks (June 24): The rosy aphid was quite abundant in
late May and early June, but has now been largely controlled by
larvae of syrphus flies. The infestation was greatest in
southern Ohio counties. .
J. J. Davis (June 24): The rosy apple aphid was abundant in
many localities this spring and caused some d&:are. At the
present time most of the aphids have disappeared.
W. P. Flint (June 20): Rosy apple aphids are moderately
abundant in southern, Illinois and extremely abundant in western
Illinois. Predators, principally aphis lions and syrphid larvae,
are now rapidly reducing the numbers of the insect.
L. Hrsemran (June 22): The rosy. apple aphid has bout run its
cycle. It has left a trail of great damage in many orchards.
if H. Swenk (June 20): Rosy aphids are generally moderately
abundant, though several orchards have serious .infestations.
D Isely (June 23): Rosy aphids are very abundant, and h-.ve
caused unusually severe injury in the northwvestern- part of the
Ortho News, Calif. Spray-Chemical Co. (Ma, 13): In some
unsprayed orchards rosy and green aphids were so abundant as
to be literally massed about the budclusters.
. 6 I F
WOOLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosoma lanigerum IHa-asm.)
3. W. Mendenhall (June 20): The woolly apple aphid is quite
abunda.nt on apple trees in the nursery and orchard.
H. R. Bryson (June 22): The woolly apple aphid was reported
on June 16 from Baxter Springs and Beeler.
M. A. Others (June 15): M1-ny woolly aphid colonies were
already well established in Wenatchee in late archh and early
April and became ab-indant during late April and May, but at this
date (June 15) they have become so scarce that colonies suitable
for introduction of the Aphelinus parasite can hardly be found.
Coccinellids and syrphus fly lYarvae have appf'rdntl'y been re-
sponsible for the early destruction of these aphids.
OregiB Agr. Coll, Insect Pest Report (May): The vwoolly apple
aphid is very serious on apples in the Will-.-mette Valley.
CODLING MOTH (Carpocapsa -pomonella L.)
A. I. Bourne (June 26): Observations in local orchards and
reports from other sections of the State show the first evi-
dence of side-worm injury from codling moth within the last ten
days. This is very evidently due to the entrance of late appear-
ing first brood larvae,
N. Y. State Coil, of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Very
early in the month it was observed in the Hudson. River Valley
that pupa cases were much more numerous than in recent years.
By the 9th of the month approximately 10 per cent of the moths
had emerged. By the middle of the month hatching of eggs was
well under way in this part of the State and by the third week
in the month eggs were hatching in numbers in western New York.
N. J. State Coll, of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Records
from emergence cages indicate that at least 50 per cent of the
overwintering generation have emerged as moths in the southern
twvo-thirds of the State, By June 9 side worm injury had started
in southern New Jersey. By the second week in the month side
worm injury was observed to be much more abundant than usual, a
large part of the fruit in Glassboro district being heavily in-
fested. In one orchard in Gloucester County 100 per cent of the
fruit was injured by first-brood worms, with a high percentage
of the fruit containing as many as 8 "stings." The side worm
injury continued throughout the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
L. A, Stearns (June 22): The peak of the entry of first-brood
larvae occurred Juno 7-14. This brood at its peak is less abun-
dant than at the same time in 1930.
E. N. Cory (June 22): The codling. moth is very abundant.
W. J, Schoene (June 23): The codling moth is very abundant
at Winchester and heavy injury is expected. Dr. W. S. Hough
reports that the insect is expected to cause heavy d&muage in the
Winchester section, Eggs are being deposited in large numbers.
C. H. Brannon (June 13): Codling moth damage is very light
in the mountains.
C. H. Alden (June 22): The codling moth is very abundnat at
Cornelia. Weather conditions are ideal for multiplication.
There was a heavy carry over,
T. H. Parke (June 24): Hatching of the first brood commenced
the first week of June in Lawrence County. Some worms had left
the apples and were going under bands June 20. The brood is
quite heavy in most orchards of southern Ohio and two cover
sprays were advised for the first brood of worms during June,
The situation is not alarming in other parts of the State,
J& J4 Davis (June 24): The codling moth infestations are the
most threatening for rnm.ny years* At Bedford the first pupa was
"found by Mr,, I-.r1shall June 18. At Lafayette the first moths
emerged June 2.
W. P. Flint (June 20): Emergence of adults from pupae of the
overwintering larvae has :-.rly ceased in the southern and cen-
tral parts of the State, There was a very heavy hatch of worms
the first part of June and a heavier infestation thla. usual
throughout southern and central Illinois.. In many well sprayed
orchards it is now very easy to find wormy fruit.. If the season
continues warm it will be one of the worst codling moth years we
have ever experienced. First larvae were t a n under bands in
southern Illinois June 17;' in central Illi.-.ois, June 18. ...
J. H. Big;er (June 15): The codling 'moth is very abundant in
Calhoun County. Still emerging from hibernation June 12.
W. A. Price (June 25): Codling moth is very abundant in
A. G. Rug;les and assistants (June): The codling moth is re-
ported as very oLbundmt from a 1-rge nru-ber of localities from
the southeastern part of the State. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
IM. H. Swe:k (May 15 to June 15): This spring the first over-
Swintered larva of the cocdling moth pupated on April 14. This
was one day earlier than the first pupation in 1930, 12 days
earlier than the first pupation in 1929, and 26 days earlier
than the first pupation in 1928. This early pupation would
probably have led to an early emergence of moths of the spring
brood if it had not been for the low temperatures prevailing
during May. As it developed, the first spring-brood r;.oth
emerged this spring on May 22, 14 days later than the ei.ergence
of the first moth in 1930, 3 d&ys later than in 1929, but one
day earlier than in 1928. Pupation of the overwintered larvae
steadily increased from April 14 on and oi June 15 about 85
per cent of these larvae had pupated. rner ence of the moths
increased from M ay 22 on, and on June 15 -.e.rly 70 per cent
of the moths had en.urged. Egb;laying began on May 26. On
May 29, 82 eg;s; by June 1, 270; by June 4, 426; and by June 15,
over 1,800 had been laid. by 193 moths. On June 14, 214 eggs
were laid, this probably representing the 'crest of egg-laying,
First "red-ring" stage eg-;s occurred on l.ay 29, first "black-
spot" egs on June 1, .and the first larva hatched on June 2;
by June 4, 16 h1ad hatched and on June 15 they were hatching
in very large mr-'c:rs.
P. M. Gilmer (June 27); The first brood: is just beyond the
peak of entrance at Wichita. Infestation is heavier than any
time in the last six years at this d-.te. Some poorly spr-yed
orchards already show 60 to 70 per cent of the fruit infested.
With normal conditions for the rest of the season the third
brood should be by far the heaviest in the history of the valley,
MiSsouri .. i. Haseman}'June.. 22): Practically eli 6f the first-brood
.moths-are out. though'in. some cages we are still getting a few
moths each morning. Our bait pans are catching very few at
; j this date. Earliest worms to enter the fruit are now nearly
.. half-grown and e-ven in well-sprayed orchards we are finding
S .=many first-brood worms.
Rl' R M. Jones ('June 20)39 Most of the spring-brood moths have
&emerged, approximately 95,-per cent. In general, quite satis-
factory control was obtained against the first brood of worms
'by orchardists in this section.
Arizona '0. D. Lebert (June 24): The codlling moth is numerous on pear
and crab-apple trees at Tempe. Many larvae and pupae were taken
on'the' bark of the" trees,
Ut -ja G.F. Knowlton (June 21): Larvae are appearing in moderate
abundance in northern Utah-,
Washington E. J. Newcomer (June 22): Owing to almost continuous warm
weather from May 20 to June 10, the spring brood developed
,rapidly, and apparently moths from overwintering larvae had
'practically all emerged by the latter date. This is the
Earliest finish of the spring brood in the last six years,
Conditions for oviposition have been unusually favorable. An-
early and abundant second brood is forecast. (Yakima Countyd)
New York ,
Wenatchee "World" (June 9): There are said to be more worms
actually at work in' the orchards in the Pacific Northwest to-
day than ever before at this time of the year. Estimates as
Uigh as 25 per cent worm loss are being made by marketing
agencies in connection with distribution of boxes.
Oreg,Agr. Coll., Insect Pest Report (May): B. G. Thompson
reports egg laying peak of first generation reached about June 1,
In the Willomette Valley the moth i-s more serious than it hlas
been for several years,
LEAF CRUMPLER (Mineola indiginella Zell.)
M. H. Swenk (May 15 to June 15): In Washington County there
was in some orchards an abundance of the leaf crunpler following
irm.ediately upon the close of the spring carnkerworm injury.
APPLE AND THORN SELETONIZER (Hemero-hila oariana Clerck)
N, Y. State Coll. of. Agr., Weekly News Letter June 8): First-
brood skelotonizers are causing conspicuous, damage on unsprayed
trees in INip'gara County,
EYE-SPOTTED BUJDIOTI (Soilonota occll.na Schiff.)
A. A. Granovsky (June 20): Immature forms and later adults
were reared from the material collected in an apple orchard
near St. Paul. Larvae caused considerable damage to apple
-grafts. This is apparently the first record of this species
i6m the. State of Minnesota.
FRUIT 7E LEAF ROLLER (Archi-ps argyrospila Walk.)
y. Y. State Coll.of Agr.,- Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June leaf roller injury become quite severe
in the Hudson River Valley. By the end of that week larvae
were pupating. By the middle of the month the activity of these
insects had dropped off to such an extent as to render drmnT.ge
by them negligible. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
LIME TREE LOOPER (Erranis tiliaria Harr.)
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): This insect is associated
with the canker worm in and about Minneapolis and St. Paul where
considerable damage is being done. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): The spring and fall
canker worms are extremely abundv-ut in 'the east central part
of the State, extending 20 miles to the southwest of Minneapolis
and St. Paul. Some orchards yQere completely defoliated. These
insects are also doing serious d&znage to raspberries at .nmny
points. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
APPLE REBUG (Lygidea mendax Reut.)
lew York .
N. Y. State Coll.. of Agr., Weekly iTcus Letter (June): During
the forepart of the month redbug injury become conspicuously
noticeable, particularly in the western part of the State,
APPLE LEAFHOPPERS (Cicadellidae)
A. I. Bourne (June 26): Leafhoppers have multiplied to a
considerable extent and '. the foliage is beginning to show
injury and some spotting of fruit is already evident. The species
which has been'observed thus far is the rosb leafhopper.
P. Garman (June 23): Apple leafhoppers (Empoasca rosae L.)
have developed in planning numbers in many commercial orchards
in Hartford, New Haven, and New London Counties and are doing
a great deal of damage to fruit and folia.e. They are more
abundant than I have ever seen them at this time of the ye-.r.
New York '
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): By the
middle of the month these insects became very abundant through-
out the State, By the third week in the month severe damage to
foliage was very prevalent. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
N. J. f Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): Bather
severe infestations of leafhoppers have been observed in a number
of orchards in southern New Jersey. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
L. A. Stearns (June 22): Apple leafhoppers are very abundant
throughout the State,
C. H. Brannon (June 13): Leafhoppers are causing unusually
widespread drnage to apples in the mountains
APPLE MAGGOT (hagoletis pomonella Walsh)
N. Y, State Coll, of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The
first adult flies of the season were observed in Rockland County,
June 11, and emergence was well under way throughout the Hudson
River Valley during the third week in the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.2
ROUND-IHEADED APPLE TREE BORER (Saperda candida Fab.)
L. Haserman (June 22):
found emerging June 21.
young apple trees.
The round-headed apple tree borers were
There has been considerable damage to
FLiAT-HEAED APPLE TREE BORER (Chrysobothris femorata Oliv.)
R. H. Pettit (May 25):
in Michigan. As many as
tree 5 feet high set out
two-thirds of a stand of
are not employed.
This is the most destructive wood boror
nine borers were removed from one little
last season. It is not unusual to lose
young fruit trees if control measures
M. H. Swenk (May 15 to June 15): The flat-headed borer on
apple trees was complained of during the period May 15 to June 15,
ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH (Las-peyresia molesta Busck)
A. I. Bourne (June 26): In southern Hampden County the work of
the oriental fruit moth just appearing* The first evidence of this
type of injury would be' June 8 to 10.
P. Garman (June 23): Infestation in New Haven, Hartford, and
New London Counties is generally light, judging from first-brood
tho de Island
A. E. Stene (June 24): The oriental fruit moth is scarce.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June considerable twig injury to pe.cl-.es was
observed in Coluri'a County and larvae could be found in fruit
during the third week in the mohth, "but much less numerously
than at this time last year. In the western part of the State
twig injury was quite noticeable during the third week in June.
L. A, Stearns (June 22) The. first brood at its peak was much
less abundant. than at the snme time in 1931.
L. M. Peairs (June 23): The oriental fruit moth is moderately
abundant, infested twigs being hard to find around Morgantown,
Lutken (June 25): The oriental fruit moth is scarce in,
the northwestern part o. tLe State,
J. B. Gill (June 25): The oriental fruit moth i's scarce at
0. I. Snapp (June 19): The infestation is very li.ht at Fort
Valley, Even twi-g injury is scarce.
T. H, Parks (June): Injury to peach terminals is not very
noticeable at Columbus. It is probable that there will be very
Little diu.',ge to peaches in southern and central Ohio, More of
the insects are present in lake-shore counties where there was
a peach crop last year.
L. L. Guyton (June 26): A survey of the peach growing districts
in Erie County was r.nde June 23. Two large orchards, the points
of earliest known infestation, showed very few twigs dar.nged by
larvae. One orh.-ard about 5 miles removed from these showed a
moderate infestation, T'iese orchards are in the vicinity of
North East. Orchards in the vicinity of Girard showed but little
twig dLame, Orchards in the vicinity of Beaver Falls were
inspected June 24 and a moderate number of d&-maged twigs found.
J. J. Davis (June 24): The-oriental fruit worm is still not
very conspicuous. We observed numerous injured twigs and live
larvae in twigs in Harrison County, a few miles from the Ohio
River, June 12. However, Mr. i4ontgomerys scouting has not
revealed an appreciable infestation except in rara instances,
W. P. Flint (June 20): The oriental fruit moth continues to be
very scarce except in the extreme southern counties. The second
brood is apparently just entering the twigs in the southern part
of the State,
H. G, Butler (June 23): The number of larvae at Harriman in-
festing twigs is considerably less than at this timo a year ago.
This nay be due to a later season or a lighter infestation,
PEACH BOEER (SynantheLon exitiosa Say)
H. G. Butler (June 23): Adult emergence began June 11 in
experimental blocks at Harriman. The first recorded emergence
in 1930 occurred Junme 20.
R. B. Deosn (June 19): The peach borer is very abundant in
Lee County. Two orchards were practically killed.
PEACH TWIG BORER (Anarsia lineatella Zell.)
S. Lockwood (June 5): The young from the spring brood of the
peach twig borer are now doing some little damage to unsprayed
peaches in the northern part of the Sacramento Valley.
PLUM CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar HEbst.)
P. Garman (June 23): The plum curculio is appearing in usual
abundance in New Haven County,
N. Y, State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June plum curculio injury was quite prevalent
in the Hudson River Valley, In Dttchess County practically
100 per cent of the fruit was scarred by June 3. This very
decided acceleration of the plum curculio is attributed to very
warm weather which prevailed from May 26 to 29 and from June 2
to 4. By the middle of the month larvae were nearly full grown
in Ulster County. In the western part of the State the greater
prrt of the d&rncge was to plums and prunes. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): For the
State as a whole, plum curculio damage is much below normal and
conditions have not been changed materially from those reported
last month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
L. A. Stearns (June 22): The plum curculio is very abundant
in Sussex County, First-brood grubs are now in the soil.
E. NIT. Cory (June 22): The plum curculio is moderately abundant.
C. H. Brannon (June 13))' Curculio daage to peaches is un-
A. Lutken (June 25): The plum curculio is moderately abundant
in the northwest,.
0, I. Snapp (June 1): The first beetle of the first 1931
generation at Fort Valley was observed today in a soil cell.
However, we are not. expecting adults to begin their escape from
the soil until the third or fourth week in June. Transformation
is taking piace much later than usual. The first transformation
last year was recorded on M ay 23, which was considered late*
(June 15): The first adults of the new generation emerged from
the soil today. This is 9 days later than the first emergence
in 1930 and 19 days later than the first emergence in 1929.
There has been, no rain in peach orchards of this locality during
the past 5t weeks, and therefore this record of first curculio
adult emergence is perhaps earlier than that under orchard
conditions, as we have kept our pupation boxes watered at inter-
vals. The dry weather had retarded the ripening of the fruit,
causing the harvesting season to be later than anticipated
earlier in the season. On that account the latest variety of
peaches in this locality, the Elberta, may not escape a second-
brood curculio attack. We are not expecting any second-genera-
tion eggs inr the fiebid until July. (June 19): Adults of the first
generation are emerging in numbers.
J. B. Gill (June 25): The plum curculio'is scarce at Albany,
and there has hot.been so much d'nmage to peaches or plums as
J. R. Watson (June 22): The plum curculio is moderately abun-
dant, though apparently less so than usual at this season.
T. H, Parks (June 24): The plum curculio still continues to
be very scarce. Very few scars can be found on apples or stone
J. J. Davis (June 24): The plum curculio is reported abundant
on plum at Otterbein June 1.
J, H. Bigger (June 15): The plum curculio is scarce in
Calhoun County. A few were observed attacking apples May 13,
R. Hutson (June 20): The plum curculio is moderately abundant.
H. G. Butler (June 23): First insectary emergence of first-
brood adults today, at Harriman. In 1930 the first of this
brood emerged June 19.
L. Haseman (June 22): Through central Missouri the plum
curculio has been less abundant than usual. They began their
work on fruits later than usual but during June they have caused
considerable damage to both sprayed and unsprayed fruits,. Damage
on apples generally is much less than usual.
R. W. Earned and assistants (June): Although reported abundant
from many localities, the plun curculio does not seem to be as
abundant as usual over the greater part of the State. (Abstract,
FLOWER THRIPS (Frenkliniella tritici Fitch)
S. Lockwood (June 5): During May the flower thrips'was respon-
sible for slightly more than normal d-rage to the stone fruits,
nectarines, and peaches in San Bernardino and Riverside Counties.
SHITE PEACH SCALE (Aulacaspis pentagon Targ.)
W. L. Gray (June 20): The West Indian aach scale is very
abundant on wild plum in Adan.s County.
TARNISHED PLANT BUG (Lygus pratensis L.)
NIT. L. Douglass (June 20): BrnR.-?.% the tarnished plant
bug has been noticed on peaches.
LEAF BUGS (Miridae)
D. W. Grimes (June 22): Severe damage to ripe and green
peaches at Pickens. Damage mrost. serious in.orchard near Locust
Grove, Holmes County.
PEAR SLUG (Eriocampoides limacina Retz.)
D. B. Whelan (May 15 to June 15): The first eggs of the pear
slug were hatched on May 25 at Lincoln. Reports of injury to
cherry and pear leaves began to be received during the first
week in June.
PEAR PSYLLA (Psyllia pyricola Focrst.)
NIT. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June egg-laying was general over western New
York State and by the middle of the month second-brood nymphs
were quite numerous. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
W. P. Flint (June 20): The pear psylla has increased in abun-
dance during the last month and is threatening injury in pear
orchards in the Marion-Clay County section.
PEAR MIDGE (Contarinia pyrivora Riley)
S. R. Shapley (June 15): The pear midge is becoming quite
generally abundant in Gcnesco County :a.-.nd took a heavy toll of
pear this year.
CHERRY CASE BEARER (Coleophora pruniella Clem,)
A. A. Granovsky (June 20): A single case with living larva was
taken on. an apple leaf near St. Paul. The case, which is com-
pleted and is characteristic in form, is well known to me as that
of the cherry case bearer. This is evidently a first record
from the State. It is of interest to note its occurrence for
the reason that this insect just recently has been reported as
a serious pest in the cherry growii.g districts of Wisconsin and
Michigan and the distribution of the species is not well deter-
BLACK C:-RIRY APHID (,L-zus cerasi Fab.)
ew York N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June black cherry aphids increased very rapidly
:in the Hudson River V.lley, where the insect was difficult to
control and considerable da::ago occurred. (Abstract, J.A.H,)
hio E. W. Mendenhall (June 23): Reports have been received from
over the State that the black cherry aphids are bad on both
sweet and sour cherry trees. Damage to leaves is noticeable,
aryland J. A. Hyslop (June 15): I did not see a single aphid this year
on a sweet cherry tree at Aanel that is usually severely infested,
tarh G. F. Knowlton (June 22)G' The black cherry aphid has been vey
abundant and dzjnaring in Drvis County orchards this spring.
CHERRY FRUITFLIES (Rhagoletis spp.)
ew York N. Y. / Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During the
first week-in June adult flies of R. fausta O.S, began emerging
in the Hudson River Valley, but up to the end of the month
neither this species nor R. cinplata Loew appeared to be nor-
rmally abundant. (Abstract, J.A.H.7
Ichiga-n R. H. Pettit (June 8): The first specimens of R. fausta
emerged at Gobles in Ian Buren County on the 5th inst. The
specimens were collected by Mr. A.H. Beyer, one of the inspectors
of the State Departmrent of .riculture, and sent here for deter-
min'.tion. This, is a little earlier than they were observed last
year. Perhaps we Cot the first ones out, A few ad-iance black-
bodied cLerr,, fruit flies, R. cinulata, were captured on June 5
at Gobles by Mr. Beyer, This is the first emergence recorded
for either fruit fly for 1931. Goblcs usually produces flies
earlier than other localities.
region Oreg. AIr. Coll. Exp. Sta. S. C. Jones reports that cherry
fruit flies, R. cinulat, bcE-ne er-..rging June 2 in the Salera
and Dallas district, Wil2li ette Valley. They have been emerging
in increasing numr.bers ever since.
SAYS BLISTER BEETLE (Pom-hoooca s.,vi Lec;)
ennsylvania 0. A. Thomas (June 23): A number of specimens of P. sayi. have
just been received from Lake Ariel, Wayne County, in the north-
eastern corner of the State, where they were s-.id to be &-r.wzing
roses and cherry trees.
GRAPE LEAFHOPPER (Erythroneura comes Say)
N, Y. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June A): Grape
leafhoppers are very numerous in Dutchess County.
N, J. State Coll. Agr., Weekly News Letter (June 23): Grape
leafhoppers are appearing in rather large numbers in softe of the
orchards where nicotine has been omitted in Morris County,.
L. A, Stearns (June 22): Grape leafhoppers are very abundant
throughout the State. First-brood nymphs occurred at Bridgevill(
GRAPEVI1N APHID (Macrosiphum illinoisensis Shim.)
W. S. Abbott (June 3): M. llinoisensis is just appearing on
grape at Silver Spring.
AN tiPHID (Aphis ripariae Oest.)
,1. Dietrich (June): An aphis (Aphis ri-pariae) was moderately
abundant on grapes at Lucedale early in June,
ROSE CHASER (Macrodactylus subspinosus Fab.)
A, I, Bourne (June 26): The rose chafer is apparently at
least normally abundant on its usual host plants. In addition
it has been found to be causing considerable injury to foliage
of young apple trees quite generally throughout eastern
Massachusetts, In the Connecticut River Valley section I have
noted that beetles were scarring young forming fruit, Prof,
Whitcomb reports that he has observed them skeletonizing the
foliage of bush string beans in the market garden section around
H. L. Bailey (June 23): The rose chafer is very abundant in.
L. A. Stearns (June 22): The rose chafer is very abundant on
l11 host plants throughout the State.
SE, W. Mendenhall (June 18): The rose chafer is quite bad on
rose bushes, destroying the bloom, in Painesville.
J. J, Davis (June 24): The rose chafer destroyed a third of a
15-acre cornfield at Winamac June 20. They were reported causing
much damage to grapes and other fruits at Fort Wayne, June 9, and
damaging green apples at Culver June 13.
EIGHT-SPOTTED FORESTER (Ali'. octo:.naculata Fab.)
exas 0. G. Babcock (June 2):' For .the past tw6 weeks there has been
an extremely severe outbreak of an insect pest of grapevines, the
vines being entirely defoliated from the attacks of this pest,
At present there is a let-up in the drnage of this moth.
CURRAIMT STEM GIRDLER (Janus inte-er Norton)
aw York 1., Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly 1fvws Letter (June 8): The
currant stem girdler is causing considerable injury in several
planitings of currants in CLautaugua County,
IIPORTED CUPJuRT T70RM (Pteronidea ribesi Scop.)
ruth Dakota H. 0. Severin (June 10): T-'e imported currant worm is re-
ported as caing usr-l. d=age on currnr.rits 'and gooseberries in
eastern South Dakota,
3braska D. B. Whelan (May 15 to June 15): The larvae be-an pupating
on May 23, and adults of the second generation began er.erging
June 10. Second-ge; eration eQs were found on June 12, -nd
young larvae of the second generation on June 15, at Lincoln.
CURATT APHID (Mvzus ribis.L.)
t a G. F. Knowlton (Juine 15): The currant aphid is causing some
dr~ape wherever red currants have been examined in northern Utah.
Drth Dakota A. A. Penn (June 9): Currant aphids are becoming quite numer-
ous in Works and Dickey Counties. Kave not observed any on plums
or elms as yet,
CL'UR.AUT FRUIT FLY (Bpochra car.drnsis Loew)
region D. C. Mote.(June 20): S. C. Jones reports that flies havc been
pupating for the past two weeks. Large numbers have ;ow left the
G0OSIBZFMY FRUIT W0?. (Zophodia grossulariae Riley)
ebraaka D. B. Whlelan (May 15 to June 15): The gooseberry fruit worm
was moderately injurious to gooseberries at Lincoln during the
first week in June.
G. F. Knowlton (June 20): The gooseberry fruit worm has
caused from 5 to 10 per cent damage to gooseberry patches ov
Bountiful Bench this year.
CRAMBERRY ROOT WORM (Rhabdopterus picipes Oliv.)
IN. Y. State Coll. of Agr. Weekly News Letter (June 22):
Cranberry root worms were found in the pupal stage close to the
top of the ground in Wayne County June 17.
CRANBERRY FRUIT WORM (Mineola vaccinii Riley)
F. W. Walker (June 22): The blueberry worm did much damage in
parts of western Florida in May, In one grove near Milton fully
60 per cent of the crop was destroyed.
GOOSEBERRY FRUIT WORM (Zophodia grossulariae Riley)
R. 17. Earned (June 19): Larvae tentatively identified as
Z. grossulariae were found injuring blueberries at Gulfport on
June 6 and at Ocean Springs on June 2.
PECA1T CIGAR CAS BEARER (Coleophora caryaefoliella Clem.)
F. P. Amsler (June 18): The pecan cigar case bearer is still
doing danage to pecans in Hancock, Jackson, and Harrison Counties
There are heavier infestations than usual in the large orchards,
PECAN CASE BEARER (Acrobasis juglandis LeB.)
J. B. Gill (June 25): Severe infestation of the pecan leaf
case-bearer occurred in pecan orchards in southern Georgia and
considerable damage was done in untreated orchards. Adult moths
have been emerging since the third week in May.
J. E. Lee (June 20): The pecan leaf case bearer is present in
large numbers in an orchard near Picayune.
H. Gladney (June 20): The pecan leaf case bearer is moderately
abundant at Ocean Springs.
PECAN NUT CASE BEARER (Acrobasis caryae Grote)
J. B. Gill (June 25): There has been only slight damage to the
pecan nut crop in Georgia by the first-brood larvae of the pecan
nut caseebearer, For the past week the adults of this species
FALL MEB7O3EM (Hy-phantria cunea Dr-.ry)
P, K. Harrison (June 15): The fall webworm is attacking
pecan at Fairfax.
J. B. Gill (June 25): The fall webworm has been showing up in
the pecan orchards of Georgia since the third week in May. With
a sizeable first "brood as has occurred it is expected that the
second-brood larvae will be quite abundant and danaging in un-
sprayed pecan orchards.
R. W. Earned and assistants (June): One fall wobworm colony
was found on pecan at Lucedale oni June 3. The first specimens
were observed at Centreville on June 9, at Moss Point on June
15, and near Columbia on June 19. Several other colonies were
noted since that time at Pascagoula and vicinity.
A MOTH BOBR (Synanthedon scitula iarr.)
1 Dietrich (June 22): The pecan borer (Aegeria scitula)
is doing some damage to grafts on pecans near Avera.
PIYLLOXMR (FPylloxera spp.)
R. W. Harned (June 19): Pecan twigs containing galls probably
caused by P. devastatrix Perg. were collected at Natchez, on
June 8, by Inspector W. L. Gray. 1e reported that these galls
were very abundant on a large Schley pecan tree.
W. E. ilinds (June 23): The 1-can phylloxera(P, caraecaulis)
Fitch,has appeared in unusual numbers infesting many trees which
are from 40 to 50 feet Xigh. and drmzaing some varieties which
have hitherto appeared to be practically inrmmane to their attack,
A STIIK BUG ( -uschistus euschistoides Voll.)
:I. S. Adair (June 24): The brown stink bug is rather numerous
in some pecan orchards in Albany and adjoining localities.
ITyrphs were observed earlier in the season feeding on a species
of barley growing Lnong Austrian peas which are used as a winter
cover crop in pecan orchards,
PU2PL3 SCALE (Lepidosaophes beckii ITew m.)
J. R.. Watson (June 22): .The purple scale is moderately
abundant, perhaps -.ore abundant than usual. Drought lhas pre-
vented the proper development of ento-mocnous fungi,
COTTONY-CUSIIOIT SC=LE (Icerya -:.urc"-.si Mask.)
J. B. Gill (,:.y 27): There have been reported infestations of
the cottony-cushion scale in Albany, Thomasville, BlackshIea.r,
Claxton, and Savannah,
have been emerging, and on account of the mild infestation by
the fir'st-broo&, larvae no severe, dar.-inge to the nut crop is
anticipated by the second generation. It is invariably the
*'- i*- bfirst-brood* larvae that nause the heavy danago to the nut crop,
First-brood larvae have been found,-to bo quite heavily parasitized,
Fo .6;-l:- "R *J.RX, R.tltson'( June 22):.' Nt case-bearers0.crooasis spp.,have
....... ........ bn vdr,`. -dstructivo to pocanas in the northeastern part of
..vthrid. ey have. destroyed over 75 per cent of the crop about
S: 'Jacksonvill ,,' A.bout 1'"onticello (F. W7. Walker) they are not so
abundant as they wore last year and have destroyed about 20 per
cent of the crop. In western Florida there is practically no
da-age, (F.: ,. Talk r). They were two .'.ecks later than usual in
: .* erierging this year. : .
S "'* *' PECA1I BUDMOTH (Proteopteryx bolliana Sling.)
J. J. Dayvis (June 24): The pecan bud worm was reported from
Rus'siavill'e, 'June 8, as destructive tb buds of young pecans and,
to a lesser extent, walnut trees.
R. P. Colmer (June 2): Pecan bud oth larvae caused severe
damage to young pecan trees in the vicinity of Threo Rivers.
IICKORY S-1JCK W70MP (Laspeyresia caryana Fitch)
J. B. Gill (May 27)': In the vicinity of Albany, the pecan
shuck worn is alreMdy causing damage to the green nuts and this
pest will no doubt be troublesome in many pecan sections of the
State, resulting in considerable d-nage to the immature nuts
ad the crop at harvest time.
R. W7. Learned (June 19): A correspondent at Learned sent to
us on June 12 some pecans containing shuck worm larvae" Ile
wrote; "I find a great number of the pecans in my orchard in-
jured in this manner. The insect started its work about a
week ago. A greater percentage of deage seems to have been
done on the Pabst trees than any others,"
7WALIJT CATFhPILLAR (Datana integorrima G. & R.)
J. B. Gill (June 25)': The walnut caterpillar is just be-
ginning to mnake its appearance in the pecan orchards of Georgia.
Evidently there will be only minor injury by this pest during,
the ensuing season.
J. P. Kislmnko (June 19): Three adults of the walnut cater-
pillar were caught in the light trap at Wiggin6 on June 19, No
colony in the orchards h1s yet beon observed this year.
J. M. Langston (June 23): I observed a colony of walnut
caterpillars on a pecan tree at A. & M. College, on June 22.
This is the first tine I have observed this species during 1931.
ississippi R. P. Colner (June 3): The first infestation of the cottony-
cushion scale east of Pascagoula.-`Rivcr in Jackson County was
found onii ittosporum and satsunma orange at Pascagoula, June 3.
The small infestation was cleaned up by burning and by the
rizonA C.D. Lebert (June 24): With all known infestations of the
cottony cushion scale expVapting one found recently, the scale is
greatly reduced by the Australian lady beetles.. The beetles
are established in all known infestations and have almost
eradicated the" scale in many places. Several species of mud-
daubers and other wasps were observed to be attracted to citrus
trees infested with the cottoiy cushion scale. In the citrus
groves they are often an annoyance to the workers who are pick-
ing fruit or pruning trees,
SOFT SCALE (Coccus hesperidunm L.)
iizona C. D. Lebert (June 24): Two severe infestations of oleanders
were found near Phoenix during June. In one instance the scale
had gone over to an adjacent grove of 3-year-old citrus. Some
of the scale was found on older trees but it was of no con-
CITRUS TZITEFLY (Dialeurodes citri Ash'.)
iorgia J. B. Gill (June 25): The citrus whitefly is moderately
abundant at Albany and in southern Georgia.
.orida J. R. Watson (June 22): The surmner brood of adults began
to emerge at Pierson on June 8 (J.W. TWilson) and at Gainesville
about the 15th. Owing to the abnormally dry weather of M ay
and June the entomogen6us fungi are scarce and the June brood
will be large.
ssissippi R. W. IEarned and assistants (June): The citrus whitefly is
moderately abundant in Tupelo, Lee, Union, Pontotoc, and Itr-r.wnba,
They were very numerous on one cape jasmine in the city of Tupelo.
The citrus i7hitefly is very abundant in Gulfport, Earrison County,
MEALY F LATA (Ornenz.i pin rosia. Say)
orida J. R. Watson (June 22): The really flata was reported as doing
considerable &rjage in citrus groves about Ft. Pierce (Alfred
Warren) and Picrsbn (J. W. Wilson), In the latter locality
0. septentrianolis Spin, was associated with it.
PUtJ?LE MITE (Pcr.^t etranycbus citri McG.)
orida J. R. Watson (June 22): The purple mite is quite abunda nt on
citrus, especially satsumas and Citrus trifoliata seedlings.
T R U C K -.C R 0 P I N S E C T S
SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)
Iowa C. J. Drake (June 27:) The first specimens appeared in Ames May
22.: In going over our records we find that during the past six
years it has put in -its first appearance during the last ten days
H. E. Jaques (June 4): The spotted cucumber beetle has just
recently made its aopearance in our collections for this spring,
the earliest date being June 3 for southeastern Iowa.
Louisiana W. A. Douglas (May 27): A farmer left specimens of the south-
ern corn root wormrr with the report that +his insect was doing
a lot of injury to his rice.
WESTERN SPOTTED CUCUJMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica soror Lec.)
Oregon D. C. Mote (June 20): B. G. Thompson reports that first adults
of the second brood -ere obtained in breeding cages at Corvallis,
but none in the field as yet. T. R. Chamberlin reports first
larvae found in the field in Washington County on May 12. These
were in seedling clover and from 3 to 6 mrm. long. On May 21 eggs
were being laid in seedling Polygonum on overflow land from which
the water had recently been drawn. Beetles were very numerous on
the damp earth, especially among the seedlings, upon which they
were feeding extensively.
BLISTER BEETLES (Meloidae)
Kentuckyr W. A. Price (June 25'): Blister beetles are doing much damage
to potatoes at Tyner, Graysor; and Kingzood.
Iowa C. J. Drake (June 27): Blister beetles, Epicauta-cinerea Forst.,
are extremely abundant and widely distributed in the State. A
large nuirber of telephone calls and letters have been received
from farmers and county agents asking about remedial measures.
The beetles seem to be most abundant in alfalfa fields and are
doing considerable damage to alfalfa and a number of other plants.
South Dakota H. C. Severin (June 10): Blister beetles are reported as
causing seve-re d.rage to alfalfa, beans, peas, caragana, ond
potato.? in the 2?ast:-n ,nd central. par-;of che State.
Wyoming C. L. Corl-ins (June 23): Coincident "-ith the rise in grasehopoer
population, an outbreak of the blister beetle Zpicauta vittpta
Fab. has been reported by C. T. Llewellyn, County A-ent from
Sh.riidan Count.y, -"here severe damage is being done' to trees,
especially the Siberian pea tree.
FLZEA BETLTS (Halticinae)
A. E. Wilkinson (June 9): There has been much damage to first
leaves of tomato and egplant by flea beetles in Thomaston, North-
field, Carpville, and Terryville. (June 4): Have also noticed
many flea beetles on melons, cucumbers, and squash and on fresh-
ly set truck plants, at Storrs.
J. R. Stear (June 22): Flea beetles on potato, eggplant, and
tomato are very abundant at Ligonier.
J. J. Davis (June 84'):'The striped flea beetle (Systena taeniata
Say) was reported damaging tomato at Ladoga, June 20, beans and
beets at Indianapolis, June 19, and beans at Franklin, June 22.
C. J. Drake (June 27): The larvae of a species of flea beetle
did serious injury to onion seedlings in the vicinity of St.
Ansgar and Clear Lake this spring. This insect begins to work
as soon as the onions begin to sprout and destroys the young
seedlings before they are 3 inches tall. A 20-Acre field near
St. Ansgar was almost totally destroyed by larvae, counts re-
vealing that 90 per cent of the onions had been destroyed by
J. A. Munro (June 17): Flea beetles are commonly noticed in
gardens in the vicinity of Fargo and causing injury to radish,
!-rutabaga, and a few other garden plants.
SEED CORN MAGGOT (vyleenyia cilicrura Rond.)
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): A few
bean plantings in Genesee and Ontario Counties in western New
York were seriously damaged during the first week in June,
some fields having to be replanted. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
J. J. Davis (June 24): The seed corn maggot was reported
damaging corn at Boston and Royal Center (May 26 and 27),
and did much damage to lima beans at Richmond, June 3, and
to beans at Portland, June 6.
C. C. Compton (June): Adults appeared in very large numbers
in truck fields during the week of June 8. Cucumbers have been
severely injured in some cases in Des Plaines.
J. H. Bigger (June 15): The seed corn ma&rEot is very abundant
in western Illinois. They have been present in unusual numbers
W. A. Price (June 25): The seed corn maggot did much damage
to corn at Sharpsburg.
R. Hutson (June 12): 'On June 12 I visited several melon
fields in southr-estern Michigan, particularly Van Buren County.
These Tfelon fields had been set out a feo dLays before in veneer
boxes, but -ern ";'4ing down ranidly.. Examination shored them
to be troubled '-ith the seed corn iraggot. We have had numerous
reports of injury from this insect to beans and corn and the
insect is reported as being particularly injurious to seed
potatoes in Charlevoix County.
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): The seed corn macgot "*as
very abundant in Minneapolis and St. Paul, '-here it -as doing
sonre damage. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
M. H. S"-enk May 15 to June 15): The seed corn mapgot practi-
cally destroyed a field of corn in Frontier County during the
first -eek in June.
A YYVrTALID (Euptoiota claudia Cram.)
S. Marcovitch (Juno 24): This insect destroyed the foliage of
beans, s7'-eetpotatoes, and copeas. The butterflies have emerged
and can be seen flying about. It is recorded by Holland as
feeding on the passion flower.
N. J. State Coll. of Apr., Weekly NeT's Letter (June): Aphids
attacking various truck crops appeared to be unusually numerous
over the greater part of the State (Abstract, J.A.H.)
.. GAPE1 SPRINGTAIL (Sminthurus hortensis Fitch)
N. Turner (June 18): Ohe acre Ysf7 nach at Ledyard ras heavily
infested. ' .
C. D. Levis (June 12): The garden springtail has absolutely
killed melons eAd. is attacking cucumbers and pumpkins at South-
ington and Manchester.
POTATO A0 TOMATO
COLOJ ADO POTATO BEETLE (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)
H. B. Person (June 23): The first specimen '-as found June 4
H. L. Bailey (June 23): The Colorado potato beetle is very abund-
ant in Orange and Washington Counties.
N. Y. State Coll..-of Agr. Weekly Ne-s Letter (June): Adult
beetles an-neared in the field throughout '-7bstcrn Now York very
early in the month. By the middle of the month egg laying was
well. un1s-.' ,r3y. During the their 'eZl-: in the month the first
larvae '-ere noticed. This insect c- ,xars to be unusually
numerous throughout the greater part of the Sta-te. (Abstract,J.A.H.)
N. Y. State Coll, of Agr.. lekcly Ne~s Letter (June): The
rather heavy potato beetle infestations reported in the last
number of the- Survey Bulletin prevailid. during June. Many re-
ports of damage by this insect to tomatoes were also received.
(Abstract, J.A.H.i )
2. It. Cory (June 26). The Colorado potato beetle is very
abundant on tomato in Anne Arundel County*
J. A. Hyslop (June 12) The Colorado potato beetle is mTrore
abundant than for several yezrs at Avanel. One out of six -lants
ia n6irs defoliated and every plant has some larvae. Spray-
ing and dusting are necessary.
H. G. Walker (June 24.)- The Colorado potato beetle was fairly
abundant in the Tide-ater section of Virginia early in the season.
J. HT. Bigger (June 15): The Colorado potato beetle is very
abundant in central Illinois. Potatoes are suffering rather
C. C. Compton (June): This insect is more abundant than it
has been for several years. Heavy deposition'of ?g,:s on pota-
toes and eggplants in Des Plaines.
Min.esota A.G.RuBgles and assistants (June): This insect is appearing
earlier than usual in this State and is already reported as
very abundant in several counties well scattered over the State.
South Dakota H. C. Sevorin (June): The Colo-'a.do potato beetle has been
reported attacking potatoes at Brc.kis. Rp'e, but first seen
Iora C. N. Ainslie (June 15): An unusual outbreak of this pest is
reported from a large area in northwT-estern lora. Adults appear
.very rarely, but the larvae swarm on the young potato plants.
H. E. Jaques '(June): The Colorado potato beetle is very abund-
ant in Carroll, Chickasaw, and Emmet Counties.
A.C.Morgan, J.U.Gilmro-e and J. Milamn (June 22): The Colorado
potato beetle has been scarcer on potato around Clarksville than
at any time in the last few years in this locality.
L. H1rseman (June 22): The Colorado potato beetle is less abund-
ant than usual though it has done considerable dTrgJ some
sections. oiBe kt
,;TATE PLANT BOARD
C. LL. Sanborn (Moy 28): The Colorado potato beetle is very
R. W. Harned and assistants (June):, The Colorado potato
beetles are unusually abuimdant cnd causing enough damage to
Va-'rant control measures in tvwo areas in Mississippi, one in
the northeastern and the other in tho southeastern part of the
State. (Abstract, J.A.H. ).
POTATO ST.= BORER (Trichobaris trinotata Say)
M. H. S"enk& (May 15 to June 15):''The potato stalk weevil badly
injured some potato fields in Sarpy County during thhp.last reek
POTATO FLEA BEETLE (Eoitrix cucuneris Har'r.)
I ndi 2-fa
Miss is sippi
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The
- potato flea beetle r-as quite prevalent throughout the latter
part of the month, damage being, very sc-ro in some localities.
p'ost of the reports cture from the central] nrd stern p-rts of
the St-te. (Abstr-ct, J.A.H.)
J. J. Dr vis (June 24): The coTTon pot,-to flea beetle -,.s
destructive to potato at Muib*'ry, Jur- 3.
J. A. Iunro (Juno 17): Sovcrr-l reports of potato flea b-etle
injury h;..vo ,c'on received of l-.to for this vicinity.
G. L. Bond (June 20): Potato flea beetles -rc doing some damage
to potato plants near Wjncsboro and Bucatunna.
C. P. Gillette (June 26.): The -pota.to Tlc.-. bectle is very abund-
ant on pot:?t2s :,t Grixeljy.
G. F. Kno-lton (Juno ?2): Flea ',-ctlcs -ire damaging, potatoes
in rrany northe*-n Utfa: potato a*re-s.
POTATO -'APHID (Illinoin sol-nifolii Ash-. )
E. IT. Cory (June 19): The pinkr nrd ,r,:-en potato h.-oid is much
rrore r.cundcont on ptotntocs rind to-r-,toes in crly potto sections
of the loveor E-st-,rn Shore counties th?n noeTt'rl. (Juno ?4): This
ophid is v:.r:, -bu:.d.t ht Thit-? :Toven.
H. G. Walh-er (June ?4): The rink and .crxon potrato aphid is very
abundant on potatoes throughout Gst6rn Vir'ginir and-n is causing
considerable dr,'e. on the E.-tcrn Shore PLrinsial. In the
Norfolk district egplants also have ha.v7T irnfestations.
T. H. Parks (June 23):These aphids ,,re b'eco.rin-: very plentiful
on the foli.v'c of notate ?-.d to.ato in central Pnd. western
counties. Some dpal-e is.' in prospect. This is the heaviest
outbreak since 1917.
J. J. Davis (June 24): 'Aphids 7'ere reported -nusually abucLr t
on tom-rato; June 17 to 22, at Frankfort, Matthews, Indianapolis,
POTATO LATFHOPPM (Ermoasca fabae Harr.)
H. E. Jaques (June): Potato leafhoppdrs arc very ab'. datt
in Auduibon, Buchanan, and Washimgton Counties.
,EXITCAN Bp.EA.T B.ETLE (Epilacima als.)
N. Turner (June 23): The Mexican bean beetle is present in
every county in the State and tVe overwintering adults are
causing serious damage in Fairfield County. In one place in
Hartford County, near the Massachusetts State line,, serious
dajrage was noted. The beetles destroyed late beans there last
year. In the rest of the State the beetle is present in small
numirbers and causes little damage at -oresent. At the present time
second-instar 2arvae are present in the southern part of the State.
H. C. Huckett (June 15): Thle Mexican bean beetle is becoming
very noticeable at Riverhead.
y N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the first week in June Mexican bean beetles appeared in nuirbers
in practically all parts of the State. On June 3 the first eggs
were noticed in Cuimberland. On June 4 ers were reported from
Camrden C county, and on June 20 the first eggs were observed in
northern Jersey in Morris County. These insects became so
destructive that by the middle of the r'month the stock of rag-
nesium arsenate in the hands of mrrany dealers was exhausted.
E. N. Cory (Juno 26): In the upper section of Anne Arundel
County beans have vezy light, spotted infestation with
last stage larvae.
G. E. Go-uld (June 24): The Mexican bean beetle is rode-rately
abundant t nis season rnd apoco.rs to be cpvsin. slightly more
damage to In.st year. The first adult beetles of the first
brood ore now starting to appear. In our hibcrnrntion studies
we obtained an average survival of 45 per ce-nt from four cages
located in different types of roods. A cage in a pure pine woods
S had the best survival, rith 69 per cent living through the winter.
i Or si 7 son
W. A. Price (June 3): The beetles were present in large
numbers at Mt. Sterlifig,, Greonsburg, and Bloorrmfield.
C. P. Gillette (June 326): The Mexican bean be1'tle is very
abundant in northern Colorado end in Mesa., DeltP, and Montroee
PEA APHID (Illinoia pisi Kealt.)
A. E. Wilkinson (May 29): Pea aphids are attacking 4 acres
of peas at Vernon, The damage is just starting, but easily
fou-yd in gardens.
J. X. Knull (June 19): The pea aphis is very abundant on peas
in several gardens at Mont Alto.
T. H. P"-rks (Jurn 20): The pea dohid is rore abundant than
usual in cerntrpl Ohio. The good gro--in "-e.aithcr "-ith plenty of
rains nabled pneas to grow nway. froir the oest -nd very few fields
verc seriously d-_Trafod.
J. E. Dudley (June 22): In fields of lote oeas infestation is
heaviest in eight years nd bids fair to entirely ruin the crop
unless nature cores to the rescue. Very lrgF nurrber of natur-.
al enermies -'ith considerable variety of m-pecies observed in
alfalfa and early peas, but P noticeable paucity in late peas.
F. P. Arrsler (June 18): Pea aphids are very abr" da.t at Gulf-
port, Ha.rison County.
Or -Agr. Coll. Isect Pest Report (MO.y): L. P. Rock-ood re-
po:'ts* aphids to be scarce on fall o.own vetch; cleaned up by nat-
ural encrries in .' Z-o&,rutely ,bundPnt on spring sown vetch
in Washington and "Benton Counties. Yod? --r.tely abundant on
Austrian field peas in son-e fields of Berton, W-shington, and
Yr.orhill Counties. V.-'y -. undait in spots in fea fields in
Banton County. Badly darugcd plants sho'-ing some recovCry.
IMPORTED CAB3AGE '70RIJ (Pic:ris rapa.e L. )
C. H. Koonz (Juno 24): The cabbage wor is very abundant.
H. E. Jv.oues (June): The cabbnge -orrr is very abundant in
Toira. 'nd Union Counties.
A.M C.ro,.-r-, J.U.Gilirore, and. J. Millir (June 22): The il-port-
ed cabbafe worrr has been nmiusually abunidant around Clarksville.
DIAM010D-BACK MOTH (Plutella rraculipennis Curt.)
H. G. Walker and G. E. Gould. (Junr. 15): The larvae were
quite abundant in rary cab'-:a.e fields of the Norfolk district
and caused considerable loss by chewing into the small cabc' ae
heads. This is the first record of noticeable injury frorr
this insect in recent years.
CABBAGE YAGGOT (Hylemyia brassicae Bouche)
A. E. Wilkinson (May 23). The cabbap.e maggot is attacking
cabbage at Middletov7. The damage is from 5 .to 15 per cent on
the 13 farm-s visited, in the neighborhood of Middletorn. On
nine farms visited at Chshire and Milldale, the drn, b.-- rs
frot 5 "' 35 :':" C. r.'t. It was verse at Mil'ldale, where it has
been common for yer-rs. One grower alone will probably lose
2,000 to 3,000 plants. At North Devon the one farm not treated
shows 66 per cent loss.
L. 1r. Chapman (June 2): Noted several fields-' at Westport and
Bridgeport ,7ith darraged plants running up to 60 per cent of
stand. ilearly every field showed some injury.
N. YI State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): The
cabbage rag-ot is so serious in central and western New York
that unscreened cabb:if-e seed beds were dam-ged from 15 to 60
per cent Pnd in a few capez all of the plants were destroyed
during the first tro -eJ:hs in the month. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly !Th:s Letter (June): Many
fields of cabbage were pr-ztically ruined by cabbcage Ta!rots
late in '.'av and early in June in northern New Jersey. This
insect is said to have been much more serious than it has beon
for several years. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
J. J. Davis (June 24): The c&abbc,-1c maggot was destructive to
cabbage rt Carthage, June 8, nmd to radish at Greensboro, June 4,
and at Piorceton, June 14.
W. A. Price (June 25): The cabbpgo root :r-ag"ot is doing con-
siderable danz-ve at Dry Ridge.
0. H. Koonz (June 24): The cabbage Tpggot is very abundant.
A CH=YSOMELID (Entomoscelis adonidis Pallns)
A. G. Rukgles (June 24): This chry5orr.lid l--rvr,' Thich was oa.t-
ing the centers out of young plants at Sax, early in June, has
been determined by H. S. Barber as t.clonidks.
STRAMBR2RY LFAF ROLLER (Ancylis comwtana Frohl.)
G. F. Kno-lton (June 8): Strawberry loaf rollers have been
causing dtarage in Utah County during the last two weeks, accord-
ing to Mr. Anson Call.
N. J. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly News Letter (June): During
the last -cek in the month this insect appeared in unusual
numbers in parts of Cumberland and Atlantic Counties. In rany
cases it was doing serious damage. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
H. R. Bryson (June 22): Dr. R. C. Parker reports larger
numbers of adult strawberry leaf rollers present this year than
at any time for the past two years. Evidently this insect is
beginning to make a recovery from the heavy parasitism of two
A TORTRICID (Cnephasia longana Haworth)
D. 3. Mote (June 20): W. D. Edrwa-ds reports -ormrrs more numerous
this year than last. One- iris planting had about a 40 per cent
infcstption. Injury on stra'-berries has run as high as 20 per
cent in an. planting. On June 8 'the -orms -ere found pupating
STR TBERFY ROOT 7,EEVIL (Bracayrhinus spp.)
A. I. Bourne (June 26): M.anTy complaints have been received
from stranberry, planters of dahmaee caused by the strarberiry
croTn .-irdler.~B,. '"-* L.T'ne adult beetles aooeared June 18.
At th? present'tim- there ore few, if any, larvae or pupae to
G. F. Knowlton (June 2?): On June 13 strawberry root weevils,
B. ovatus L. and B. rUt'oostri.t-us Gocze,wre reported damaging
strab.-"-ries in several parts of Cache County. Thcy rre less
destructive than l.st year in Ut,'h County.
SUG-ARCATE BEETLE (Euetheola ruriccps Lec.)
J. Milton (June 20): On M ?, 20 the sugarcano beetle was found
to be causing considerable damrige to a str,-kberry field mear
Corinth, Alcorn County. Probably 5 to 10 per cent of the plants
were killed. The plants '-':re set in the spring on sod land.
MILLIPEDES (Julus sp.)
M. H. Swenk (Mvy 15 to June 15): In southern Gage County,
during the first week in Juno, millipedes (Julus sp.) were
reported doinrg considerable daiage to strawberry fruits.
ASPAAIGUS 3_TTLES (Crioce:-is spp.)
A. 3. Wilkinson (May 27): A very few of the coiron asparagus
beetles (C. asparagi L.) were observed but plenty of the 12-spot-
ted beetle (C. duodecimounctata L.) -- more than I have seen
for years; also as common in Hiqhvood, Mt. Cartel, and Cheshire.
Two young beds of 5 acres and 31 acres are set back, no leaves
left. (June 2): Resorted by almost every one of the 35 grow-
ers at a meeting last night, fromir Huntington, Devon, Medford,
Bfidgeport, Fairfield, Trumbull, Stratford, Westport,' Green
F-rrs, nd Easeton.
N. Y. State Coll. of Agr., Weekly Ne,-s Letter (June 1):
Asparagus beetles of both species are doing considerable feed-
ing and egg laying in Chautauoua County.
J. J. Davis (June 24): Asparagus beetles (species unkno-n) were
reported from Aurora and South Bend, May 25. Both species are
now co=nmon Pnnually at Lafayette.
C. C. Compton (June 3): The common asparegus beetle (C. asparx:
a ) has been very destructive this- spring in Cook County.
C. J. Drake (June 27): The asparagus beetle; (C. asnaragi L., )
caused a considoroble amount of worry to asparagus growers in
the vicinity of Marshalltorn and Waterloo.. In some fields they
w'orc so abundant that the gror-oas had to spray the asnarigus
and then throw away the cuttings in order to harvest later
shoots. The beetles deposited such a large number of eggs on
the cuttings that it was impossible to use the asparagus for
canr.inn purposes, 100 or moro eggs frequently being found on
a single stalk.
H. E. Jaquos (Junoe 4): The asparagus beetle C., asp.rnli, which
we reported as sho-ing up for the first time in the southeastern
part of the State last year, seLTms to be considerably more abund-
ant this year than last.
C. P. Gillette (June 26): The Psp.r-r-is beetle (C. asparagi)
has been increasing for years from
Ft. Collins to Denver,. andji s becou.i moderately abundant.
J. C. Elmore (June 2): One or two adult n sparnus beetles (C.
asnorni) could be found on nearly every plant of rspar-gus, .nd
the lri ac ,"owre numerous on about 20 per cent of the plants at
Do-ney. Two 10 or 12 acre fields ere infested.
STRIPED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)
A. E. Wilkinson (May 29): The striped cucumber beetle has 1
attacked -molons, cucumbers and. squash.- It has destroyed all
young plants in many gardens at Storrs.
F. G. Butcher (June 3): Found the first beetles June 1 on
volunteer squash. This is 12 days earlier than last year.
They are certainly thick on these plants.
J. R. Stears (June 22): The striped cucumber beetle is
very abundant at Ligonier.
J. R. Watson (June 22): The striped cucumber beetle is very
abundant in the Everglades,attacking cucumber, squash, melons,
wild gourds, sunflowers, dahlias, and to a slight extent
gladioli blooms (R. N. Lodell)..
T. H. Parks (June 24): Truck growers are finding this insect
more troublesome than usual. A canning company at Celina has
purchased and is distributlhg to pickle growers over 40 tons
of calcium arsenate and gypsum mixture for dusting cucumbers.
J. J. Dnvis (June 24): The striped cucumber beetle was re-
ported damaging felonss from May 25 to June 10,
C. C. Compton (June 9): The striped cucumber beetle is very
abundant in Des Plaines, where it is severely injuring cucumbers
W. A. Price (June 25): The striped cuccumber beetle is very
abundQnt on melons, lima beans, and cucumbers generally over
A. G. Ruggles and assistants (June): The first adult was seen
on the University Farm on MayV 28. This insect has been reported
as very abundant from several counties south of the Minnesota
River. (Abstract, J.A.H.)
C. J. Drake (Jur.. 27): The striped cucumber beetle is very
co:T-on th-ouEhout thl.:- State. It see-cs to be most abundant in
the vicinity of Muscatine and Ares.
L. Haserran (Junc 22): In spite of the favorable winter through'*
central Missouri, the beetles aLwo-rently left wintc-r quarters lat-
er than usual, but now thecy are beginning to collect in goodly
numbers on unprotected cucurbits.
M. H. Swerilc (Moy 15 to June 15):Morc th.an the usual number of
reports of the striped cucurrber beetle were received during the
last -,:ck in May and the first half of June.
G.RDEIT FLDIA HOPPPF.S(H.Iaticus citri Ashy. )
H. G. Walker (Juno 18): A he iy infestation of the garden
flea honper was found on cold-frn-c cucumirbors at Deep Crc-ek.
Both nynh.s and adults werc present in lrge numbers in one
field, but were a-)prently absent in the sujrouroilin7 fields.
FALSE CHII:TCH :UG (ysius ericae Schill.)
C. D. Lebert (June 24): The false chinch bug is very nuirerous
on y-ou meClons vest of Thoenix, killing rrary plnts in spots
throughout the field. The b-ugs apparently h'ad Ti.rated from
an old lettuce field ta the east.
SL7-';A 3BUG (Anasa tristis DeG. )
H. G. Walker (June 24): Sounash bugs --re rather nuTrerous on
cyirbling and squash plants in the Norfolk area on June 16.
R. W. Harned'and assistants (June): Scuash bugs have destroyed
r.any acres of squash in H-'ison, George aid SiTrpson Counties.
G. F. Knowlton (June 4): Sauash buzs are Todcrately a`uniLant.
Be-inning to cause some injury to squash avt Galand.
SQUASH 3EEITLE (Epilachna borealis Fab.)
N. Turner (Juno): The squash l-'dy beetle is present in rmuch
greater nuTbers than for the past few years.
CELERY LOOP= (,to -ra-.a fslcifcra Kby.)
C. J. Dra.1: (June 27): The celery lo-ocr is doing a considerable
amount of da:T-; to celery, lettuce, peas, and radishes in gardens
in the State. Reports of injury have been received fror Ares,
Nevada, Marsh-.1Itov-n, and Toledo.
EGGFLATJT FLE B2TLE (Epitrix fuscula Crotch)
D. B. Whelan (May 15 to June 15): The oeTlant flea beetle
attacked,-o'nF eTjplants at Lincoln as e-rly as Juno 6. E(-s
were obtained in ca;es during the second reel- of June.
EGGPLMZT. LACEBUG (Gargaphia solani Held.)
H. G. Walker (June 24).: The c. -plant lacebug, -is Toderatcly
abundant on eggplants in ost fields in the lNorfolk area.
TOBACCO STALK BORER (Trichobaris rucorea Lec.)
'C. D. Lebert (June 24): The Jinrrpson ree borer ras found to
be tunnelling the Train states of ecptlxrt near Phoenix. Several
half-grown larvae were tqlbn fror one vine.
ARGUS TORTOISE BEETLE (Chelyrrorpha cassidea Fab.)
0. H. Brannon (June 26): The argus tortoise beetle is causing
serious damage to swoeetpotatoes in Currituck County.
SPINACH LEAF MINER (Pegorryia hyoscysri Panz.)
H. C. Huckctt (June 15): We have had an unusually severe
infestation of the spinach leaf :finer around Riverhead.
R. B. Friend (June 27): This insect h-s not been abundant dur-
in t-he- last fcr years, but this year it h'as causcd- much &z.rage
to enrly spinach and. beets.
B71T L7IAF-OPP:P. (Eutcttix tcncllus B'k.)
G. F. Kno-ltor. (Ju' 'l) The beet l.:nfhopper is "ery aoundaht
in northern Utah. Sr'-e s '-. :.e clmrly top 7:,.s ,nrearod in the north-
errn Utn,-i ,rca, but r,^t '. >igh pcrcenta:'e ac yet.
BET ,EBh. (LVxoste-;e sticticplis L. )
G. F. Kno-lton (June 8): Durin the npst fe. years only for
local outb'renks cf the sumir-bcet -'cb-or h.. c observe in
northcrrn Utah. At the. present tiTe7 t'-e ol.ndult r oths a-'e generally
ouite .nbun nnt nnd sli-ht dagagc h-is bccn cbscrved in 'rny boot
fields. Serious injury is noo occurring in the loT areas T-est
of Sprin,.ril1,:;, rnl in sore fields northeast of Son.nish Fork.
Lerc dma-nm:, is nnticir,.ted. ::
HOP FPLEA BMTLE (Psylliodes punctulata Melsh.)
tah G. F. Knowlton (June 15): The hop flea beetle caused damage
.to sugar beets in a few fields at Wallsbur-.
POTATO TUBER WORM (Phthorimaea operculella Zell.)
Lorida F. S. Chamberlin (June 20): A slight infestation of this
insect occurred throughout the tobacco region in Gadsden
County. To commercial damage has resulted so far.
-ntucky W. A. Price (June 25): The tobacco split worm has now arrived
in Kentucky. During the past week specimens were received in the
office from Owensboro, Bremen, Lexington, and Utica. According
to our office records this is the first appearance of this pest
in the State.
mnnessee A. C. Morgan, J. U. Gllmo'-e, and J.., Milam (June 22): The to-
bacco splitworm has evidenceiitself in one small infestation
near Clarksville in the last few days.
HO.IVRnORoS (Protoparco spp.)
.orida F. S. Cha..berlin (June 22): :-. ercnce of P. sexta Jb:-&.-,. has
been retarded by extremely dry weather, in GOadsden County.
Infestations in .a-ay and June were less than normal.
nessee A. C. Morgan, J. U. Gilmore, and J. Iiilam (June 22): The
moths of P. setda and P. Hinqa'.pculata Haw. are more numerous
than usual at this season, at Clarksville.
CORT ROOT TE3WORI: (Crambus caliginosellus Clem.)
rginia C. R. Willey (June 19): Sp.ci,:ens wore received today from
Holston with a statement that tobacco .rowers in that section
are having serious trouble with a "'orvi that is ne7". Specimens
have been received this spring that were da-,a:ing corn. This
post is troublesome in southwestern Virginia nearly always when
corn or tobacco is planted on sprin7-plowcd fallow land.
nnessee S. Mfarcovitch (Jtune 3): C. caliginosollus is reported att,.cek-
ing tobacco and corn in eastern Ten7eossee an,! dar.a--ing 20 to 40
per cent of the crop. The larvae appear to be more abundant and
injurious than at any time in the past ten years.
TOBACCO FLFA 5E'T2 (Apitrix parvula rab.)
rth Carolina Z. P. Metcalf (May 30): The tobacco flea beetle is very ab-."a-t.
rfessce A. C. Moran, J. U. Gilmore, mind J. 7:11,u (June 22): This in-
sect is doing considerable d.a'n:e to newly set tobacco at Clarknrille.
TOBACCO TTMIPS (Fr.i:lin.ella fusca Hinds)
orida F. S. Chrnberlin (June 20): Tobacco thrips are reported in
Gadsd.e:n County attacking cigar wraPper tobacco crops.
F O R E S T ANID SHADE- TREE IN I ISEC T S
PHRIODICAL CICADA (Tibicina septendecim L.) Brood V
E. P. Felt (June 23): The periodical cicada is extremely
abundant near Riverhead, Long Island, a section on the north
shore being described by Mr. George C. Pik:e as being alive
with the insect. It is so numerous that the new growth,
principally oaklc, is being destroyed by the ovipositing fe-
males. This confirms the report made by 'J. T. Davis in
Bulletin No. 10 of the Brooklyn Entomological Society in 1915,
page 79, and is apparently a comparatively -unrecognized col-
ony extending in a band about 12 miles long from Fresh Pond
to within 3 miles of Riverhead and extending inland from the
Sound to the middle of the Island.
CAIKER _OPRMS (Geometridae)
J. A. Munro (June 17): Cankerworms have defoliated large
areas of basswood and other trees, particularly along the
Red River Valley portion of the State. Several reports have
been received of injury to apple trees.
A. G. Ruggles (June 22): Fall cankerworm (Alsophila pome-
taria Harr.) and the spring canker worm (Palc.cri'U.Lvernata
Peck) are more abundant than usuzl this year from Minneapo-
lis 20 miles westward.
C. J. Drake (June 27): The spring canker worm has been ex-
tremely abundant in the vicinities of Traer, Toledo, and
Marshalltown. Many trees have been totally defoliated by
the feeding of the caterpillars. In one of the State parks
near Toledo it is impossible for the people to use the park
because of the enormous number of cankr worms present.
M. H. Swenk (May 15 to June 15): Some orchards in south-
eastern Nebraska were dam-naged during May by the spring cank-
er7orm, which also attacl:ed elms more or less as far to the
northwest as Custer County.
H. R. Bryson (June 22): Dr. E. G. Kelly reported that the
spring canker wor-nm vwas a serioLx-:roblem from Clay Center- to
the western part of the State. These larvae were the most
injurious in Lincoln, Ottawa, Cloud, Saline, and Clay Coun-
ties, defoliating the trees along the rivers and small tribu-
taries. This insect was also reported as injuring elm trees
at Belvidere and defoliating apple trees at Chanute, June 5.
FORTST T.^T CATIR ILLAR (O_.acior0n disstria Hbn.)
H. B. Pierson (June 23): Severe defoliation has been caused
by the tent caterpillar in Hancock County.
'. J. Schoene (June 23): The tent caterpillars in orchards
and forests have attracted a great deal of attention during
the past spring throughout the central part of the State.
The moths were present from June 10 to 20 and during this
period were so numerous in the cities of Lynchburg and Roa-
noke that some of the merchants turned out their lights and
closed the doors.
H. T. Fernald (May 6 10): The forest tent caterpillar
moth was very abundant at lights.
WHITE-MEPI3D TUSSOCK MOTH (Hemrerocampa leuco stigma S. & A.)
D. B. Whelan (May 15 June 15): The eggs of the white-
marked tussock moth began hatching at Lincoln on June 10.
BATG'?OR (Thyrido-pteryx ephemeraeformis Haw.)
E. '. Mendenhall (June 28): Bagworms are mking their ap-
pearance on sycamore trees in Columbus. They are just start-
ing, for the larvae with bags attached are very small. June
26, young bagvorms were very bad on locust traces planted
along the street and private property in Xenia, Greene Coun-
BAH= 2=-TLS (Dendroctonus spp.)
R. D. Glasgow (June 22): I was impressed with the unusual
number of pine, hemlock, and spruce trees which apparently
were recently dead from borer injury and which still retained
the reddened foliage. Large number. of trees also showed
from one to many branches with reddened foliage, indicating
borer work, An incrca.c-d amount of borer injury is to be ex-
pected following the past two seasons of unusually dry we.ther.
ET.RjROP.T frRUIT LFCA.NIUM (2ulcu.ni.-, corni 3o-.c'ha)
H. L. Bailey (June 20): An unusual outbreak of Lecanium
scale has occurred at M,-ntpelior. Twigs and small br-.nches
of elm, ash, silver r'rvule r'n. some othcr trees and shrubs
bear great numbers of the 'ccaie. 2ggs unhatched. Lighter
infestations were noted in nearby towns.
GALL MITES (Eriophyes spp.)
E. P. Felt (June 23): The ash leaf gall mite (Eriophyes
sp.) becomes exceedingly abundant on individual trees and
has been reported from Pittsfield.
M. H. Swenk (May 15 June 15): A report of heavy infest-
ation of ash trees by the ash flower gall E. fraxiniflora
Felt was received from Polk County during the last half of
BANDED ASH BORBR (Neoclytus caprea Say)
M. H. Swenk (May 15 June 15): The banded ash borer has
been complained of as attacking ash trees at Omaha.
CARPENTER WORM (Prionoxystus robiniae Peck)
J. A. Munro (June 17): A specimen of the carpenter moth,
taken from ash, was received by this office. Adults of this
species began to appear at Fargo on June 7, and are very
abundant on ash.
A SAF.LY (Tomostethus bardus Say)
H. R. Bryson (June 22): Dr. R. L. Parker reports the ash
sawfly present in Manhattan this spring. Large numbers of
these occurred in 1930 during the early part of May. This
insect was last reported in Manhattan by Fred Marlatt in 1839.,
BRONZE BIRCH BORER (Agrilus anxis-Gory)
M. H. Swenk (May 15 June 15): A resident of Omaha re-
ported the loss of a birch tree by borers that were identi-
fied for him as the bronze birch borer. This identification
was not confirmed by us, but if it is correct, it indicates
the first loss of birch trees because of that pest that has
come to our attention in this State.
AN APHID (Hamamelistes spinosus Shimer)
W. E. Britton (June 4 11): This insect is apparently
more abundant than usual on gray birch at New Milford and
BIRCH LWAF-.-IIING S.7FLY (_hyllotoma nemorata 11.)
Monthly Letter, Bureau of Entomology, Yo. 205,(May): A
small colony of a eulophid, vhich is opnarer.tly a s-peccies
of Chrysocharis, was liberated in Strong, Me., on May 27.
This hyme-.opterous parasite issued from material of P. nomo-
rata received at the gipsy-moth laboratory from Austria last
winter. Phyllotoma nemorata is a leaf-mining sawfly on birch.
It appeared in epidemic form in Maine in 1927 and has since
been noted in New Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts.
R. D. Glasgow (June 22): The white-birch leaf-mining saw-
fly has begun to emerge in Essex County.
BIRCH CASE 3BVAR (Coleophora salmani Hein.)
H. B. Pierson (June 23): Heavy defoliation is reported at
Mt. Desert Island and near by towns on the mainland.
LEAF ROLLERS (Cacoecia spp.)
C. P. Gillette (June 26): C. semiforan- is very abundant
at Greeley, stripping boxeldor trees.
G. F. Knowlton (June 22): The boxelder leaf rollers, C.
semifernm: WJalk.. and C. nc[Urd-i-,. Dyar, are defoliating box-
elder trees in one area at Centerville. Moths are very abund-
ant at the present time.
A TORTRICID (Tortrix cocklerella Kearf.)
M. H. Swenkic (May 15 June 15): Additional infestations
of cedar trees with the caterpillar Clesis coclkecrella were
reported from Frontier and Redwillow Counties during the
first half of June.
A WEEVIL (Pissodes nerorenisis Germ.)
P2% W n. Hrr'ed (Jmuno 19): T.vo specimens were collected on
Cedras eoC.ra at Ocean Springs on May 28. Determination by
L. L. 3chamni.
A POCKET GALL (Eriophycs ulmi Garm.)
Neb r. ska
M. H. Swenk- (May 15-June 15): Heavy infestations of elm
loaves with the elm-n pocket gall, Erio-oh'es ulm-i were re-
ceived fro-n Buffalo County during the last half of MWay.
ELM COCXSCOMI3 G.ALL (Colopha ulnicola Fitch)
H. L. Bailey (June 23): A very heavy infestation of the
cockscomb elm gall iS reported fro-nm ichord. More than the
usual numbers noted elsewhere.
ELM'LEAF MUTER (Kaliofenusa ulmi Sund.)
W. E. Blauvelt (June): Specimens of infested elm leaves
were received from .7arsaw, May 29, Parish on June 3, from
East Aurora, June 8, and front Sodus on June 10.
MOTJRITING-CLOAK BUTTERFLY (A.lais antiopa L.)
E. U7. Mendenhall (Jjune 18): The spiny elm caterpillar is
quite bad on the eli stock in the nurseries in Lake County.
J. J. Davis (June 24): The spring elm caterpillar par-
tially defoliated elms at Columibia City and Lafayette June
13. It was also com-mion on willow at Rensselaer June 12.
ELM FLEA JETLE (Haltica ul-.i ;Joods)
A. E. Stene (June 24): I found the elm flea beetle in ITar-
ragansett Pier in one place and also found a few beetles near
"ngston, although they did not seem to be anywhere as nearly
abundant there. Previously I have found them about 5 miles
west of Narragp.nsett Pier in what is the southern part of
South Kingstown. They have also been reported from the south-
ern part of the city of Cranston. They may have been present
in other parts of the State but we have not had a chance to
check up on it carefully enough to make definite records.
ELM LEAIF BEETLE (Galcrucella xanthomelaena Schrank)
E. P. Felt (June 23): Eggs and small grubs occur in south-
ern ITev.w England. The insect is somewhat later than usual.
The trees have developed a very abundanit foliage, and this
may result in reduced injury as compared with last year.
Providence Journal (June 9): This insect pest is known as
the most important leaf-eating enemy of the elm, and it is
prevalent in Rhode Island in great numbers this year because
the long drought of 1930 enarLbled it to survive the winter
cold more easily than usual.
L. M. Peairs (Juno 23): The elm leaf beetle was very de-
structive near the city of V1heeling. (Identification based
on wor!:; no beetles or larvae found when examination was made.)
Oreg. Agr. Coll., Insect Pest Report (May): The elm beetle
is very abundant at Jackson. Young larvae hatching through-
out county. Also noted at Lexington, Morrow County.
MUROP2l':, ELM SCAL2 (Gossyraria spuria Modeer)
L. M. Peairs (June 23): The European elm scale is injur-
ious at Oglesby Park.
T. H. Parks (June 24): This insect is now very abundant on
elm trees in Columbus. Reports co'e in of its presence on
elms in other cities. We received more inquiries about the
control of this insect than for any other pest during June.
It is more serious than for years.
H. L. Dailey (Juno 23): The elm bark louse has been found
in considerable quantity in Montpelier and vicinity.
J. J. Davis (June 24): The European eli scale is reported
as abundant on elm at Aurora June 10.
PECAT CIGAR CAS2 DEU17 (Coleoohora caryaefoliella Clemi.)
E. P. Felt (June 23): The hickory leaf case bearer (Coleo-
phora caryaefoliella Cle'm. .) is generally abundant and local-
ly injurious to hickories on Long Island.
PHYLLOX MA (Phylloxera spp.)
., P FY.,t (June 23). caryae-yenae Fitch was found suf-
ficiently aounoan on hiclory '- n y to cause a some-
what marked foli age deformation.
3. P. Felt (June 23): Hickory leaf ste-n galls P. caryae-
caulis Fitch have been reported as sn-onewhat abundant on trees
at Day Shore, Long Island.
W. E. 3lauvelt (June 15): Hickory twigs which were in-
fested with P. caryae-venano were received from Marcellus.
Massachuse t t s
LARCH CASE :.EAT:\r (Coleor)horn laricella Hbn.)
A. E. 2ro'.'er (June 9): Maine is experiencing a severe out-
break- of the larch.- case bearer.
H. L. 3oil.y (June 22): Damage by the larch case bearer
continued to increase throu,:h the early part of the month.
Adults were found to have emerged and oegcs were. found at Der-
A. I. 2ourne (June 26): The larch case bear,:r is apparent-
ly ma:orc abundant than normally. M.ar complaints and sanoles
showing severe injury have becr-- received fro- all parts of
the State. This s-pecies apparentij h'-s found conditions very
favor-,ble for an unusual increase in numbers this season.
0. D. Glasgow (J.une 22): I left Albany Sunday evening,
June 14, and. mnad.e ?. three-dry circuit through northern ITew
York via Lalic G,.orgo, Schr-on La'.-, St. Hubert's, Upper Jay,
Lca:c- Placid, Tu;r..-r La..c, and Picrcefieli to Cranberry Lake,
returning; via Long L'-, u Moutai Le, Indian Lake,
-ni Speculator. I found thc larch to be severely injured
by the larch care bearer throutiout this entire circuit ex-
cept that there a-ropearod to be an arca just north of Schroon
la-ke where the l'rch was uninjured.
J. IT. null (June 24): IThLtive larch, five -miles west of
'ilford, Pike Co-Lnty, is i-orstci "ith the larch case bear-
er. The needles on -nny trees ar -nriartly bro'.n. Many larch
trcs have died in this loc-lity. T-is m-ay be due to the
feoding of this insect together with the late spring frosts.
MAPLE 1ETFTICULL' (liepLi cula serico-neza Zell.)
E. P. Felt (J)no 23): The mai:lo nopticula very generally
infests fallen miaple roeeds in southeastern i1ew England, and
to n lim-nited extent the larvae r. be found working in the
petioles of leaves. This latter is more likely to occur on
trrics which are not producing fruit.
MAPLE LEAF STE"" X-C_-2 (Prio-phorus acoricaulis MacG.)
7. E. Dritton (June 22): Apparently m-nore abundant on sug-
ar aple in dlctown, Watertown, Hn-den, and Glastonbury
than in m-lost seasons. It has not been seen for several
years until this su-ner.
W. T. Harris (J-une 8): Maple trees at Glastonbury arc be-
ing damaged by this insect, which causes the leaves to drop.
E. P. Felt (June 23);:' Tie maple leaf stoe-: borer is reported
as being so-icwhat injurious to sugar maple at Orange.
OOLLY ALD= 2-PhZD (Prociphilus tessellatus Fitch)
i l. '. Harncd and assistants (June): Specimens of this in-
sect collected from maple were received on May 25 from Merid-
ian,on May 27 fro-n Jackson, on June 1 from DeXalb, and on
June 18 fro-m Dooneville. Alder in the southern part of the
State is heavily infested.
OC-LLATE M1,PLT_ GALL (Cecidonyia ocellaris 0. S.)
Pennsyl -ani a
3. P. Felt (Jutio 21)' The ocellate maple gall is sufficient-
ly numerous in the FTiladclphia area to attract notice on ac-
count of foliage disfiguration, on maple.
E. "W. Mcndenhall (June 17): I find some O-yle leaf galls
on the maple leaves in some of the n'-rseries in Lo2ae County.
MA.P, MLADDER GALL (Phyllocoptes quadri-Oes Shim.)
E. P. Felt (June 23): Maple bladder galls were reported as
very abundant upon soft maple at Pittsfield.
E. ritton (June 22): This insect has been reported as
attacking silver maple at Dloomfield and Putnam in normal
IOR.JAY MAPLE APHID (Chaitophorus lyro-pictus Kess.)
E. F. Felt (June 23): The ITcrway maple aphid is somevi-h-t
to considerably abundant on lorway -:iples in southern ITew'-
l-.l'-nd and eastern :cvw York, and has been reported from
northern New Jersey.
C. A. Thomas (June 23): The Nor.'.r,.y maple aphid is now
abundant on Norwa.y maples in southeastern Pennsylvania, but
so far the leaf-drop has been light. Coccinclids are com-
mon, feeding on the-n.
B. W7. Mendenhall (June 5): The Norway maple trees planted
on streets and private properties in Piqua are badly infested
with Nornvay maple aphids.
EUROPEAT FINEE SHOOT 'MOTH (Rhyncionia buolicna Schiff.)
R. B. Frieihd (June 23): An inspection of the red pine
plantations around'New Haven shows a genc.ral light infesta-
tion to be present.
T. L. Guyton (June 1): A species of pine tip moth was
found on Pinus montana and I. rubra in Viilkes-Barre.
COTTONY MAPLE SCALE (Fulvinaria vitis L.)
H. L. Bailey (June 23): The cottony m'ple scale is moder-
ately abundant in a large part of the State.
T. H. Parks (June 20): This scale is now quite abundant on
soft maple trees and many calls are received about its con-
trol. The insectWis worst in counties along the Indiana line.
On some trees the limbs are white with this scale.
S E. V. -M.ndenhal'l (June 17): The cottony mnaple scale is
found generally on maples (soft) and orie.ital plane trees,
in-.the nurseries in Lake County. (June 26): The cottony
maple scale is very bad on the soft maple along the streets
and private plantings in Springfield. The limbs of the trees
are just white with the cottony marle scale, and no doubt it
will do great damage to the trees.
J. J. Davis (June 24): The cottony, maple/is reported abund-
ant at Kokomo, June 4, and at Gary, June 10. It was observed
to be common at West Lafayette.
J. M. Robinson (June 20): The cottony maple scale is mod-
erately abundant over the State.
JUMPING BULLET GALL (Ieuroterus saltatorius Hy. Edw.)
J:. J. Davis (June 24): The "flea seed" cynipid gall (LT.
saltatorius var. saltatorius) was reported as abundant on
oak at Princeton and Patoka June 19 and 20. It was probably
doin.--no damage but was consricuous because of the charac-
teristic "jumping" galls.
A SCALE INSECT (Kermes r-ubesccns Boue)
J. J. Davis (June 24): An o- 1-crmcs is destructively
abundant at West Lafayette. (Drc-t. by H. Morrison, June 26.)
G. Sleesman (June 15): The European pine shoot moth was akl-
lected from Austrian pine, red pine, and Scotch pine in nurs-
eries at Spring M!ills and Morrisville. Specimens were also col-
lected from Scotch pine at Quakertown, on June 17.
A rIi:'VSH0.t MO'TH (Eucosma sp.)
E. F. .Felt (Juanee.3S)'- .The pine shoot moth, a new species of
Eucosoma, was somewhat generally bond-,'.nt last year in the lat-
eral shoots of white pine at North Stamford and has been re-
ported fro-n other Connecticut localities. It is sufficiently
numerous in some places as to cause an appreciable amount of
S*VOOLLY IIE3 SCALE (Pseudophilippia quaintancii Ckll.)
E. I. 1endcr!ll (Mv.y" 26): The wooly pine scale is quite
bad on the Scotch pines in LaJe County, and is especially
abundant at rainesville.
PITCH Tu7IG MOTH (rotrova comstockiana Fernald)
J. K. Knull (Jumie 2): District forester:7. S. Swigler re-
ports considerable dar, -e to Scotch and reed pine plantations,
in the vicinity of Shanokin.
SFITTLE BUGS (Cercopidae)
J. N. Knull (June 11): Spittle bug nymphs have been es-
pecially abundant on Scotch pine, Virginia scrub'pine, red
pine, pitch pine, shortleaf pine, and white pine in various
parts of Pennsylvania this year. The Scotch pines show the
greatest numbers and the pitch pines next. iTym-nphs were ob-
served on pines in Fr-r.n-lin-i, Adams, '*brk, Perry, Center, Hun-
tington, and Cumberland Counties.
JSTT rI!T =TL' .(Dcndroctonus brr-.'iconi Lee.)
Monthly Letter, Bureau of Entomology, No. 205,(:-ay): It was
found that the western pine beetle, which had been in an en-
demic status for the past four years, suddenly increased dur-
ing the season of 1930, anl'that large groups of trees within
these plots of the Sierra iTational Forest have been atta-c_'cd.
As the winter of 1930-31 has been one of the driest on record,
these plots will afford an excellent opportunity to study the
effect of moisture deficiency on an increaLsing infestation of
the western pine beetle.
A LEAF ROLLER. (Caceecia conflictana Walk.)
H. B. Person (Junc 23): Severe outbreaks reported in Lo-
welltown and Xokadjo.
SPRUCE GALL A/HID (Adelges abietis L.)
H. L. Bailey. (June 23): The spruce gall aphid is noted as
very abundant throughout Washington County. Galls were well
started June 4.
SPRUCE BUD SCALE ('hysokermes piceae Sbhr.)
P. Felt (June 23): The spruce bud scale was reported as
occurring somewhat abundantly on spruce at Westbury, L. I.
SSPRUCE MITE (Paratetranychus uniunpuis Jacobi)
E. P. Felt (June 23)4 The spruce mite was generally preva-
lent last year in the Northeastern States, and many specimens
indicating severe infestations have been received from Phila-
delphia, Pa., north to Boston, Mass. A period of dry weath-
er is very likely t.o be characterized by serious injury from
SPRUCE B'UDWOPM (Harmologa fumiferana Clem.)
J. A. Munro (June 17): Only a slight amount of spruce bud-
worm injury has been reported this season. The first adults
of this insect were captured at Fargo today.
A NDLE MINER (Hemimene albolineana Keat))
E. W. Mendenhall (June 23): The needle minor of the blue
spruce is found quite generally in Ohio. Reported abundant.
M. H. Swenk (April 15 May 15): During the past fall, win-
ter, and spring, a number of serious infestations of blue
spruce with a needle miner were discovered in Lincoln. Dur-
ing the second week in May similar infestations were found in
Norfolk. The exact species has not been determined, but is
suspected to be Hemimene albolineana. It will be given care-
study during the coming summer.
TAUARIS:.C SC.L3 (Chionas-nis etrusca Leon.)
C. D. Lebert (June 25):g. The-'tamarix scale (C. etrusca
Lon-.) is again bccomniig prevalent in the Ihoenix area on
tamarix trees, the youngj.trees suffering the most from the
infestations. The lady beetle Chilocorus cacti L. is rapid-
ly becoming established, -however, and is feeding on the post.
I N SE C T S A: P, F T I N G,'G-R E EZ 1, H 0 U S E AND
0 R N A M 3 N T A L :F L A NT S A T'D L A W IT S
CLZFT-HOR..JD IRIOTUS (Prionus fissicorniis haIld.)
H. 1. Swenk (:lay 15 June 15): At Sidney, Ch.cyenne County,
during the third v.cl-'k in May, lawns were infested and injured
A CERCOriD (Monec-o bicincta Say)
J. R. Watson (June 22): The cerccpid .M. biciitcawas doing
considerable Aamage to St. Aiuustiru grass lawns in Dcland.
FOUR-LINED FL.7T BUGT (I-ocil oc2-psus lineatus Fab.)
A. I. Bourne (June 26): 7;e have received many complaints
and have personally noted considerable injury by both the
tarnished plant bug LYus rratens s L. and the four-lined
plant bug Foecilocansus lineatus, eo-^ccially on various spe-
cies of perennials in- ornental planrings. Indications are
that the four-lined olant bug at last is considerably more
abundant this season than normally.
E. W. Mendenhall (June 18): The hardy chrysanthemums are
badly infested with the chrysanthemum 'lrant bug on a private
planting in Painesvillo, Lake County.
CODOIT RED SIIlDR (Tetranychus telarius L.)
R. W. Harned (June 19):. Many complaints in rc gard to red
spiders, accomrpnied by specimens of infested plants, have
.been received from all sections of Mississinppi during. the
past month. Most of these com-polaints have been in regard to
injury caused to ornamental plants of various' kinds.
CYCLAMEN MITE (Tarsonomus -pallidus Banks)
W E. Blauvelt (June 3): Delphiniums are seriously in-
SUONIMTUS SCALE (Chionaspis euonymi Comst.)
G. E. Gould (June 24): Practically every euonyvnus bush in
Norfolk and vicinity is severely infested with the euonymus
bcale. The young scales are nearly full grown and have caused
over.half of the leaves to fall from many bashes.
R. W7. Harned and assistants (June): Tho euonymnus scale is
continuing to injure Vuonynus japonica plantings in McConb
and injury is severe on plantings in Greenville.
FULLER'S ROSE BEETLE (rantomorus fulleri Horn)
. E. WJ. Mendenhall (June 26): Fuller's rose beetle is very
b.ad in one of the greenhouses in Springfield, whtre it is
killing many of the geranium plants. .'
TULIP APHID (Anuraphis' tuli-pae Boyer)
B. H. Walden (June 3): Several thousand gladioli] corms
were injured in storage where the humidity had been too high
-for best storage conditions.
CABBAGE LOOPER (Autographa brassicae Riley)
H. B. Hungerford (June 181: Beginning about the first of
this mont ^t Lf4^t^ -.- t began to work
on young gladiolus plants, particularly thosc beds that had
contained lamb's-quarters and other weeds. As soon as the
weedtswere hoed down the gladiolus suffered severely. We
reared somne of these caterpillars which we found injuring
gladiolus plants all over southei.flwa-s.
IVY SC:LZ (A-ri i-'tu hederac Vail.)
V. Menienhall (June 65): Ivy plants, especially the varie-
gated, are bjaqly infested in one of the gr:,,^houses in Akron.
I find that the variegated ivy is more susceptible to scale
attack than any other;
A TOCTUID (Xanthopasuti tiais. Crai.)
R. U'. Harned (Jimune 15): Larvae were re-orted as ioderate-
ly ab-iml-rit on lilies at Moss loint.
M MLY TL.TA (Or-cris -rTninosa Say)
Mi ssi ssippi
R. W. Harned and assistants (June): This species of plant
ho--er has been numerous in Hancock and Harrison Counties on
Fitto spo rum.
mRICXLY ASH 2Z TL (Trirhabda brevicollis Lec.)
R. 7. Earned (June 19): Sreci-.ens were recently received
fro-o Pascngoula, with the report that they were defoliating
0MIiQU3-B TaDI5D LAF ROLLFR (CL coecia ro aceana ilarr.)
C. C. Co-i-to-i (June 13): Te obliquc-ba:Zici leaf roller
is severely injurinC roses and garde:iaa in a large rose
plant at Des Ilaincs.
ROSE SAT7JLY (Caliroa aeth,5o7s ?nb.)
M. H. Swe-k (May 15 June 15): During the second v.ce- in
Jmie there were -1any co-plaints of a heavy skcletonization
of rose leaves by the rose 0lug C. acthiops.
ROSE CuRCULIo (Rhy,.hitosI bicolor Fab.)
J. A. '," nro (Juno 13): The first re-ort this season of rose
curculio injury to roses was received June 13 froTm Valley City.
M. H. Swenk ('(y 15 Jume 15): Thnc rose curculio vwas re-
ported destroying rose buds in .Ad..s County during the second
we-': in Junse.
SMUIC FLEA BDSTL3 (Bleoharida rhois Forst.)
R. U. Harned (June 3-8): Sreci-nens were received from
Sen..tobia on June 3, and front Belmont on June 8, with the re-
port that they were defoliating sumac.
STPPLA1ERY ROOT ".2VILS (Qrachyrhinus spp.)
A. I. Zourne (June 26): There is evidently a considerable
infestation in nmurscries, particularly on different varieties
of Tnxus by 2. sulcatui Say. Prof. Whitcoub, who has had the
opportunity of personallyy visiting several of the nurseries,
rcports that while Taxu-as is :.;ost co'-ronly attacked, other nurs-j|
ery evergreens ;und so-ne perennials are infested. Adults meiorgoEc
about Jmun 17 and at the rrescnt time are very abundant. me-
port' of similar abundance of this species have been rcc.r4c'ed
fro 'i PLode Islan and Tew Pi: npshire as well as in eastern
J. Britton (Juae 24): This insect (*rachyrhinus sulc-j
tus Fab.) was reported as hfvin:;- destroyed 90 per cent of the
Taxus plants in two bloc''- in a nursery, and scattered pl:.nts
are injured throughout the nursery in "o-ifret.
A. G, Ruggloos (Ju-e 22): Strawberry root weevils(jrobably
3. novtus) have been found fir..rly well distributed in the
southeastern part of the State. Younj evergjroens are suffer-
ing severe injury over large areas at 'Tew-ort and Owatonna.
EUROr:'Zi M7.JJIT LSCAITIUI (Locanium corni Douche)
E3. W. Mondenhall (May 26): Taxus cuttings in a greenhouse
in Fainesville are infcsted
CIRYSNTMiiUM LEAF MINT (Tapo-iyza chrysa-Lthcmi Kowarz)
R. W. Harned (June 3-4): Serious injury to verbena plants
by this insect was reported front Cleveland, June 3, and from-
'Jaynesboro, June 4. .
I N S EC T S A T TAC 4 I T G MA1? AND
D 0 M 3 S T I C A I AL S
EYE nC-,iTS (H elates sp.)
H. Dietrich (J-uhe 10): A gnat, It. pusibo Mall,,was first
noticed. at Lucedcle on Junc 10 and has since become oxtrc-'.c-
D. C. Frrmnan (May'): The catches of ..! flavi-)es Loew in
the weekly status traps indicate thb.t over the Cochnell., Val-
ley as a whole there h-vc been -orc Ti ippelates during ':-y,
1931, than in M.,_y, 1930; 245,190 this ye-:r, and 204,661 in
the sanc traps lajt yenr. It is estimated that from 50 to
100 per cent -lore Tip-elatc, have bred in the Valley this
year than last.
Ii0nRl FLY (Taematobin. irritans L.)
L. Hase-an (June 22): The horn fly h,,s been unusually
ab'Lndant on cattle this -onth and sec-ns to be on the increase.
SC_.L Y, C?. (Co hlio-yia acellaria Fab.)
-. noberts (:.): -...-rous.screw wor- cases were re-
ported, both goats and cattle having been attacked. Cases
were present in sore-outh kids and older gorat3 were affected
at head injuries. So:-e cases were found of C. macellaria
attacdnc n. 2v;-born calves aot the navel. Screvo-wor-i cases
arc about norr-al for this time of year, and in -iew of favor-
able weather conditions are not so bad a.s could be expected.
II02S7E DOTLI7S (Gastrojhilus spr.)
J. A. "u.-irc and nssistnrts (June): ilorse botflies are very
aburdmat in :ur!-e County, June 6; moderately abundant in
Morton County, June 11; an,. scarce in Ra-msey County, June 13.
Mi s s i s s ip i
HOUSE HOLD AN-D STO11ED-r i10 DUC T
I N S ECTS
TIITES (Reticulitermes spp.)
J. J. Davis (June 24)-:-, The usual numerous reports of ter-
mites were received during the past month.
r. I. Flint (June): M.any reports of white-ant swarms in
houses have been received during the past -month.
M. H. Swen7- (1ay 15 June 15): Infestations of buildings
with termites, 11. tibialis :nks.,were reported from Gage
County and from Clay during the period here covered. In the
former case a house and in the latter a wooden granary were
C. C. Co--,mton (May 27): Ants, Taninoma sessile Say, arc
very abundant and annoying in the business district of Syca-
more. Although they are most troublesome in grocery and
fruit stores uiractically every business establishment in Syc-
amore is infested.
M. IH. Swer(iiy l'5 -'Jncr- ; M any comi.laints
of trouble with ants of various kinds during the period cov-
ered. These included carpenter ants, CO ponotus herculeanus
pennsylvanicus DeG., working in trees in eastern Nebraska,
the large red ant Formnica rufa L., forming nests in yards in
northeastern Nebraska, the mnound-building ant, Pogonomy'r.ex
occidentalis Cress.,), doing the same thing in western Nebraska,
and the usual house and lawn ants proving injurious in houses
and flower gardens.
GOLD2J POLISTES (Polistes aurifer Sauss.)
C. D. Lebert (June 24): Numerous com-iplaints have been re-
ceived regarding nesting P. aurifer in eaves and roofs of
houses, where they greatly annoy the occupants.
A FTINID (Xyletinus neltatus Ilarr.)
71. Dietrich (June 22): A ptinid beetle, X. -peltatus, is ex-
tremely abundant in the pine beams, floor, and walls of a
house at New Auguasta. This house had been rebuilt and stuc-
coed to the ground five years ago. The timbers having blue-
stain had many more exit holes than sound timbers. Needless
to add, termites also had made a good start.
PLANT oQUAILTI21.- A:KD C0T-.OL AD:IT:TISTRATIrM7
ITl'Os abstracted front' "2News Letter", June, 1931.
(Not for public-tion)
MEXIC.AN 3JUIT `70F: (Anastreo:h- ludens Loew)
The outstanding develotr.ct on the Mexican fruit worn project during
the month of April .*',s the fin-.in- of infestations in locally grown fruit
in Mataroros and in fruit produced in a qrove near Mission, Tex.
The Matanoros infestation was discovered April 9, in sour orpnos
produced in the patio of a house at 3th and Horr:r. Streets. The fnruit
produced on these prermises was heavily infested during the season 1929-
30. Although traps have been maintained in these trees continuously
since October, 1929, no adults have been caught since Anz-ust 20, 1930.
Upon finding this infestation a thorough examination was r;eof all
fruit growing in Mtanoros. This inspection showed no indication of
other infestations. However, on the 15th and 16th adults were cau-ht
in traps located at a distance of 11 gn3 5 blocks, respectively, from
the infested premises at 8th and Herrera Streets, one adult being cap-
tured in each of the two traps. Immediately upon the determination of
the infestation and in cooperation with the Mexican inspector at Natanoros,
the work of stripping all citrus fruits from the trees was started. Very
little opprcsiti.on to this work on the part of the citizens of Matmroros
has been encountered.
On April 22, a report was received of the finding of three '--?ots
in a grapefruit from a grove northeast of Mission. Upon c'-.ckin" the
grove from v:hich the fruit originated some two or three bushels of
fruit were found stored in a box filled with sa.nd. An inspection of
this fruit resulted in th-e findia, of one larva, and on screening the
sand in which the frait had been stored., five rTrp.%C were found. T: is
fruit and the sand in :which it -had been stored were inr.ediately treated
and buried, as were some nine boxes which wore bein; held in sto-as-e
within about one-h-alf nile of the point of infestation. A thorough
examination of all other fruit held in storage in the valley showed no
indications of further infestations.
WINK BOLL WOPM (Poctinophora -ossypicella Saund.)
In order to determine the activity of the pinh boll' 3r01 in the
Salt River Valley, Ariz., two li.ht ':r?.ps and two fligLht screens w-ere
used, but no moths have been tkc-ni. The i.:spection of cotton sqLares,
however, yielded 5 larv-_Ac of the pi7'nk boll worm on 1ayTh 5. The field
where the species were tken was rather w-c*t.v'ly invested l-.ct year,
and the infested squares were from stub cotton. ?rep.,rations are now
being made to destroy the cotton in that field. Three a&ditinnal worms
were found in an adjoining section on May 6. These findings; -re the
first in that area in the 1931 crop of cotton.
On April 17 the United States Customs Mxamincr in PhAil-delphia call-
ed the attention of our inspectors to a case containin- antiques from
Syria packed in raw cotton. The cotton was rernoyed and e';celsior sub-
stituted; half the 36.5 pounds of cotton was examined and all seeds re-
moved from it, the whole lot being then destroyed by burning. Dead
larvae were found in 18 of 100 seeds, and in the nineteenth a living
larva was found. The- remainder of the seed was forwarded as an inter-
ception to Washington. Reports on both the. larvae found a.nd the seed
subMitted now verify thie presence of the insect in both cases. This
case is of special interest, not only because it is a first record of'
the finding of live larvae of this insect at the port of Philadelphia,
but also because of the unusual attendant circumstances. The case of
antiques would normally have little interest for our inspectors and- we
are indebted to the Customs officials for bringing the matter to our
attention. It may be added that this helpfulness on their part clearly
implies a very encouraging degree of understanding and cooperation be-
tween the two inspection forces in this port.
GIPSY MOTH (Porthetria dispar L.)
Infestations have been found in four. towns in Connecticut and in
three towns in Massachusetts. The most serious infestations in the
Barrier Zone have been found in the towns of YTew Marlboro, Sandisfield,'
and Sheffield, Mass., and in the towns of, Canauan and Salisbury, Conn.
During April, nine crews scouted in four towns, and two infes-
tations were found in the town of Milan, but as the work in this town
has not been completed, the size of these infestations is not known.
JAPA ESE BYDSLE (Popillia japonica Te.wm,)
Four thousand three hundred and sixteen Japanese beetles were
collected in and near 500 traps placed in Cape Charles, Va., between
May 20 and August 30, 1930. The infestations are comparatively light,
but fairly continuous throughout the town. A representative of the
Moorestown Japanese beetle research laboratory spent several days in
Cape Charles while the treating operations were in process, but failed
after repeated diggings to locate any larvae whatever in the treated area.
INSECT C01iTDT101TS IT FO0TO RICO :,Rli:.1 LAY, 1931.
I. D. Leonard
Insular 27pe-riment Station, Rio Piedras, Porto Rico.
Infestation counts of a ztu.arcane scale (Aspidiotus sacchari Ckll.)
obtained from examining 100 cut pieces of cane each in four parts of a
small 'experimental planting of 5:; 10-12 at iTv._nabo on May 9-10 showed
an average of 11.25 per cent infestation. Some pieces had several nodes
quite thicef-ly encruste.. Many scales had been killed by a black fun as.
Adults of a scarabaeid beetle (Z-scinetus barbatus Fab.) known to
attack suf-arca-Le were first noted in abundance at lights at Isabela on
April"20 and became very abundant for a few weeks. On the night of
May 17 only a few were' present and a few nights later none was observed.
The change (Scapteriscus vicinus Scudd..) did about the usual amount
of damage, approximately 15 per cent, to young tobacco plants in the
field throughout November and early December, 1930, in the Juncos-Las
Piedras section. This insect destroyed about 50 per cent of the young
plants on a 1-acre planting of rice, the damage starting in April and
continuing up to May 8. About 3 acres of rice planted in the same place
in early April, 1930, were entirely destroyed by early in July of that
year. (J. Gomez, Agricultural Agent at Humacao.)
Climbing cutworms were more injurious to tobacco than, usual, about
20 per cent of the young plants having been killed in the Juncos-Las
Piedras section during Tovember and December, 1930. (J.3.)
The melon worm (Diaphania h'valir.ata L.). was found >cvily infesting
the foliage of :.-.clon and cantaloupe in a field near Aguadilla about the
middle of May. (M.D.L.)
The lima bean pod borer (Mar2ca testulalis r-e2':'r) was absent in the
last count of 100 lima bean pods, althou-gh earlier in the month it had
been present. (G, N. Tolcott.)
A pod borer (Etiella zinckenella Treit.) infested about 12 to 15
per cent of the lima bea.n pods during the month, but the last examination
of 100 pods on Iay.- 29 cho'.red no infestation at the Isabbla Substation
experimental plots. (G.1Y.W.)
The scarabee (1i scenes batatae Waterh.) was fourd to be bauly in-
festing several sweetpotato t..bers received b."1" v-i] Molinary at Caro-
lina on May 18 for use as seed from the Federal Ex-c'riment Station at
Mayaguez. Both adults and larvae were ab'nr.-nt in the tubers. (M.D.L.)
The sweetpotato leaf miner (Agromyza ipomneae Frost) wa.s observed
moderately infesting two small plantings of sweetpotato at THrnacao
Playa on May 10. A few sweeps of the net showed the flies to be common
in the plantings. (M.D.L.)
A leafhopper (Empoasca sp.) was causing slight but general stippling
of the leaves on two small plantings of sweetpotato at Humacao Playa on
May 10; all stages of the insects were present on the undersides of the
Examined on May 5, at the Isabela Substation, an experimental plant-
ing of about one-half acre of alfalfa which was nearly ready to cut and
found it generally infested with a leaf-ter (Dichomeris piperatus sIrsm.),
many of the larvae being tied together and badly eaten. Danage as a
whole was only moderate, however. (M.D.L.)
The bean lacebug (Corythucba ossyi Fab.) was found to be moder-
ately abundant on several young grapefruit trees on the Isabela Substa-
tion ground on May 5. The yellow stippling of some of the leaves in-
volved almost their entire surface. We did not notice any other host
plants of this lacebug near by. Mr. Wolcott. stated that he had first
noticed the infestation about a week earlier. This is the first record
of the insect affecting citrus in Porto Rico. On May 8 a number of
srjali g "o
leaves on severalhgrapefruit trees at the Insular Expcriment Station
at Rio Piedras sho ied characteristic yellowing, but very few of the
lacebugs could be found on them. These trees were -'rowing under several
large Anona muricata trees which were moderately infeItd.d at the time.
Considerable damge by June beetles (Phyllophaga spp.) to the
foliage of young -rapefruits in two demonstration plantings of about
1 acre each was reported during sarly May (J.G.).
A scale (Pseudoparlatoria ostreata Ckll.) was observed as abundant
on several good-sized papaya trees at the Isabela Substation and almost
entirely encrusting some of the trunl,-s and branches and several of the
fruits. This scale was observed. to be commonrpapaya at Ponce and
several other localities on the zouth coast in September, 1930, but was
not identified at the time, It has been specifically recorded -from Porto
Rico previously only from Maeyaaez by Van Zwalu;7 enb'rg on Solanum sea-
forthianum and Acalypha sp, (M.D.L.)
Caterpillars of the cotton loaf worm (Alabamna argillacea Hbn.)
became abundant on cotton around Isabcla about May" 21 and most farmers
are spraying or dusting. NTone had been noted around Ag.uadilla up to
May 29. (G.NT.W.) E. t. Rorke of the San Juan Ginnery Company reports
that infestations on cotton started during May in several sections on
the north coast, but that these were promptly checked by7 the use of
insecticides. (M. .D.L.) A few' mot'is wore noted at light near Aguadilla
on June 5, 8, and 9. These are in no sense mi..rtory records, because
of the small number of individuals notec in each cas. (.'..)
3x?..inh.tion of cotton fields around Carolina. and Rio Grande, both
in the hills and1 alon:- the coast, indicated infestationis of the ink:
boll -.worm (Poctinophora qo,,'_icil S:r;:. ) of from 75 to 100 pe: cent
on May 12. Cotton fields around 1'1an-:.;jo on MLay 13 'cre so heavily
infested that two had to be abandoned and a t'ird wvas in such bad share
that little cotton v.'ould be obtained from a second pick.in7. Cotton
fields around Patillas and Guyrama on May 13 ;wore from 80 per cent to
100 per cent infested in most cases, although a fe7 small fiec Ids had
infestations as lov< as 25 to 30 per cent. The avera-e for thiis dis-
trict :as aroi'-.id 90 per cent. (JE.N.W.) T'o infe t.tioi counts on a
field of cotton in Ca-uy 'j-.scc on e.v. n-tion o 100 bolls e.,tch'
s'o-.7ed, on May 1, 6 per cent infestation and on Hay 8, 10 per cent
infestation. By the end of the nonth there was a Teneral li.ht infes-
tation over practically the whole of thie north coast cotton-;rov7inT
section at Ca&nvy, Hatillo,and Ar-.cibo. (. T.HR.)
The cotton bl.ster mite (1"h"l' o.o^j-, i k. v)'as very abundant
in several fields cf cotton at aunabo --: Irod in ay 13. It vas even
cavrsinj the ster.s and petioles to be f lattoned a-id cleformed. (;-T'.W.)
On May 5 a requaect was received front Ponce for control ne"suares for
June 'beetles (P21yllo:'a.a spi. ), the statement bein" r.aidc. t:.at the beetles
had been drajirc the roots of several rose bushes by burrowing into the
soil at the base of the plants for r-r-'xse of eT- laying.
UNIVERSITY O FLORIDA
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