The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00044

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.


Volume 8 April 1, 1928 Number 2


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL


AGENCIES


COOPERATING


LIBRARY
ffATE PLANT B(AJ















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2013










http://archive.org/details/insect1928apr







1 1 S E C T P E Z T S U 2 V s f 3 U L L EI T 1



Vol. 8 Airil 1, 1928 o. 2



0CL ST.-.JD ING ,-..:;LOGIC.L FEATUrES Im HE U:ITZD STTLS -N- ....- 1S,3.

Spring surv_-.ys indicate that the Hessian fly is seriously infestinl:
wheat in the central and southern counties of Kansas d pr -s of Fi h-o-
Ver- serious injury to wheat in northeastern VirAnia is so _'re-..orte, so
serious that e nvew conatenplate plo'.ing out the We..

The green-oug situation is rather serious in G.-la,.O-.C infest ions
have been prevalent all winter and b'out littJe prasitisL a been observed
so far. 2a.o heavy flights have been observed, however. This insect is
also reported as abundant near .ichita Falls and Denton, Tex.

1The peach borer has appeared in a nursery in Los .Angeles County,
Calif. Inasmuch as this pest is not established in this c2 ,-,, n eradi-
cation campaign has been inaugurated.

0. v:;:et.ble weevil is c- ir. doing serious dama e in southern
Mississippi.

The seed corn rs.got is ueii- reported as seriously d ging truck
in "ississippi, and vwith the cold, late spring, there is a possibility of
successive outbre kls of this insect nort- ror.

An interesting note on d,- c. to sweet potatoes in storage has
beer received fro. :ississippi, recording the grading out of 40 per cent
of a 4,1CC bushel crop of sweet potatoes bec .:-use of d... e by ,.irexon7s.


>ZRI0JIC...L OIO J..A, 'ROD ii.

Brood II of the periodical cic da, the first large brood recorded
from the middle .tlaantic States, is due to appear this spring. This
brood occupies, in general, the territory ifu edi:tely eCst f 3rood I.e
few rather doubtful records have been n cde from Indiana, Illinois, and
:.iichigan, which certainly should be confired or disproved this year.
OCvin.i to the fact that it occurs throughout the densely popul ted region
of the .-iddle 2.tlantic seaboard, it is one of the best recorded broods of
this insect.

This brood was known bO,- Fitch as Orood II and a- .ash :nd riley
as Brood VIII ar-d later by Riley as Drood XII. It is no' genrerally -
cepted as Brood II, following a.'la.tt. e- brood hs been definitely re-
corded since 1724 in Connecticut -it. since 1775 in :*i,. Jersey.


-27-









Since the publication of Bulletin No. 71 of the Bureau of Entomology,
several additional counties have been recorded, and many of the old locali-
ties recorded in this publication were not confirmed by reports when the
brood' appeared in 1911.

It is very important that as complete a record as possible of the
occurrence of this insect be made this spring. The distribution by States
and counties as now recorded is as follows. The underlined counties are
in addition to those reported in Entomology Bulletin No. 71. Names in
parentheses are thoae of towns, cities, and other localities.

Connecticut. -- Fairfield, Hartford, Litchfield, fidLlesex, i.v Haven.

District of Coltabia. -- Throughout.

Illinois. -- Devitt (Clinton, 1911), Livingston (Fairbury, 1894), Mhason
(1877).

Indiana. Dearborn, Posey? (11t. Vernon, 1894), Fountain (.ilver-wood, 1911).

qaryland. -- Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, Prince Ceorges, St. rarys,
Kontgomery (-len Echo, 1911),

M'ichigan. Kalamazoo, 'Jayne (Detroit, in "oodmere Cemetery, 1894).

New Jersey. -- Entire State.

N!ew York. -- Albany, Columbia, Dutchess, Chenango,(Greene, 1894), Greene,
Kings (Brooklyn,: Prospect Park, 1894), New York (Bronx sand
Central Parks, 1894), orange, Oswego (Oswvego, 1894), Putnam,
Rensselaer, Rockland, Saratoga, Suffolk (Huntington, 1894),
Ulster, WNashington, 7westchester, and on Staten Island and
Long Island.

North Carolina. -- Alamance (Burlington, 1894), Bertie?, Davie, Forsyth?,
Guilford, Burke (llorgantoown, 1894), Caldwell (Yadkin Valley?,
41877), Granville (1845 and 1860), Iredell (northwest corner
of the county), Orange, Rockingham, Rowan, Stokes, Surry,
Quake warrenn? Yadkin?,

Pennsylvania. -- Berks, Bucks, Chester, Dauphin, Delaware, Lancaster,
Lebanon, Lehigh, 1.ontgoniery, riorthampton, Philadelphia, Pike,
Potter, Schuylkill, \ljoming.


Tennessee. .-- amilton (Chattancoga, 1894, newspaper report),


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-2S9-


Virginia. --


Albemarle, Alex,:.ndria, Irmheerst, Ajppcrm-.ttox, cedford, L..z-'.-
ham, Cairpbell, ?,.roline, r'1`,rlotte, Chi^.sterfield (3,on Air,
1911) Culpeper, C-o.beriand (Tr.Illy, 1.l' ),"iJ ,- nax, Fauquier,
Fluvarma, Goochlsnd, Hanover, fienrico, Henry (1137 %nd 13 i),
James City, Loudoun, Louisa, 1anenurs, Iison, ecklenourg
(Chase City :.-d Boydton, 1911), JDrnge ( - n.. ,..r-e,
1911), Pae Pittsylvlni, Po tan, Prin e ivrd, i-d -fn-
nock, Roc'in.,hP1 (lai. :na 1911), Se-ndoh
(ServeThoomtains, 1911), tc v r.ia, St ford, asin-on
(Abingdorn, 1911)


Vest. Virginia. --'Brooke.

Ve urge that the collaborators of the Insect Pest Survey put forth
every effort to Let reports from all parts of their St tes this spring.
A little nev,,spaper publicity in the local papers -vhere the insect is due
to appear, requesting reports and specL-nens, will do much to facilitate
this work.



















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GRUTBSF:L ( TPh oh

'7HITT GRUBS (Phyllohaavi spp.)


North Carolina


C. H, Brannon (;:-rch 3): :r, 0, O Dukes, County A.ent,
Robeson County, reports considerable damage to tobacco
plant beds by "white grubs 11


A '7HITE GRUB (Phyllonhaga futilis Lee.)


Kansas


Virginia










Kansas


Oklahoma


J, W4 McColloch (March 22): The first flight of :ay
beetles this year occurred on the evening of :'rch 21
at Malhv ttan,


CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS

WHEAT

HESSIAM FLY (Phytoohag destructor Sqy)

"7, J. Schoene (:,-rch 20): "7e have received several
reports of serious injury to -"heat in Frederick County
by the Hessian fly, (MDrch 26): The Hessian-fly injury
in the northern part of the State, particularly in
Frederick, C]ark, and Shenandoah Counties, is serious,
The winter has been very unfaTvr-rble to -heat in that
vicinity and much of it is -'inter killed. This, together
with the fly injury, is -:uch that some of the farmrs
are thinking of plowing up their '"heat fields,

J "7, McColloch (:.:- rch 21): Reports of Hessian-fly d-:..--
are begin iing to come in, :-,ny fields in Harper' County
are badly infested, Reports to the State Board of Azri-
culture indicate losses from the fly in the central counties,

C, Sanborn (Larch 20):. The Hessian fly '"as exceotio.-.ly
abundant last fall and practically all -hea"t in the in-
fested area sown early w7as badly infested, some of it to
the extent that it "-.-s plowed u-der, The.-t sown after
the dote which we established as a fly-free date, October
12, -'as quite generally free from infestation. So many
fields ,rere so'"n before this date, hol'evr, that the in-
festation -as carried over aand at the present time the
noninfest<'! fields are doubtless being severely infested
since the spring brood has been issued here for about t-o
W j J ks,


GPE-:T TJUJ (ry-,rtera gr;aminum Ron! )


C, E. Snborn (a:-rch 20): The green bug is prevalent


Oklahoma






-31-.

throughout the State, north and south from Newkirk to Ardmore,
No particular flight- of "'winged- forms has yet occurred this spring,
The infestation has been more or less prevalent since -,heat
germinated l1st fal 1. Infe-station occurs also in barley and per-
haps will be rather serious in oats.. Not many parasites have
been reported up to the present time.

C, S, Rude (March 14); This pest is showing ip in a belt clear
across from the southern to the northern part of Oklahoma, At
present it is to be found in Jefferson, Cma.nche, Stephens,
Grady, Caddo, Canadian, Blaine, Kinrfisher, Logan, Noble, Kay,
and Garfield Counties.

Texas Monthly Letter Bureau of Entomology, No, 166, (February, 1928):.
Early in February F. W, Boyd, of the field laboratory at San
Antonio, Tex., made a trip through northern Texas to study the
effects of the extremely cold weather on green bugs., He reports
that they continue to be abundant near 'Vichita Falls and in the
neighborhood of Denton,- So far as he was able to find, the cold
weather has had no effect on them.,

PL.IjTS FALSE '"TIR TORM (Eleodes opaca Say)

Kansas J, W, McColloch (February 27). Larvae of this species are abundant
in wheat fields about Gbpooland.

CUTJVO.'7, S (Noctuidae)

Kansas J, W, Md'Colloch (March 20): Injury to wheat by cutworms has been
reported as follows:

February 3................... Goodland
March 12 ,................. .Olmitz
M? rch 16 ... .. ............ ..Levant
Specimens received from Olmitz proved to be the army cutworm,

ALFALFA

PEA APHID (Illino.ia pisi Kalt.)

Oklahoma C, E. Sanborn (March 20): Macrosi-phum pisi is doing considerable
damage in Oklahoma to alfalfa. Reports are available from the
w-estern part of the State at Clinton. It is also prevalent in other
localities and doing considerable damage,

C, S, Rude (M.rch 14): They are numerous enough to call for
control work in the northwestern part of the State.







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FRU I T INS ECTS

APPLE

..-FFL2 APHID (Aphi 3 omi DeG. )


Or,-:on


Oreg .n


7.- shin gton


Arkansas


Ohio


Don C, Mote (M1vrch 19): Mr, Th-rmps-n reports first green
apple aphid on apple bud, BudIs .re in green-tip stage,

CODLIIIG MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L,)

Don C. Mote (March 19): Mr. Thompson reports the codling
moth still in the larval stage at Corvallis,

Official Record, Vol. 7, No, 10, ?.-rch 7: One of the intro-
duced parasites of the codling moth, Asco ster c-qrpocapsae,
sc:,Es to be well established in the vicinity of Yakima, and
is increasing according'to a report received recently by the
Bureau of Entomology.

EASTEFIJ TENT CAT3P.PILLAR (Malacosom" .mericna Fab. )

7. J, Baerg (1,1rch 23): The young caterpill-rs be-.n emer.ng
on March 22 and 23. Egg masses are not numerous, andl in-
festation rill probably be li4it.


SCIRFY SCALE (Chionaspis furfura Fitch)


E. -. Mendenhall (March 1): I find the scurfy scale quite
bad on apple and pear trees in the home or farm orc-'rds,
especially where little care is -iven to spr-ying in the south-
-estern part of the State.


PEAR

P7.1CR THRIPS (Tiroothrit.g inonsecuens Uze!)


Don C, Mote (March 7): Prune or -oer thrips, -iitri,
inconseouens Uzel, found in rE-r bu-s nt Corvwllis. (M',rch 14),
Prune buds just showing green; "'arm sunny eitherr. (Ma.rch 17-1,-
19): Exceptionally "'arm ,"'ether; maximum emergence of orunc
and pear trips. nMarch 18, r--.xir:,ur. temoerature 73). mini.r.um
42 0F.
P:ACH


PEACH ,,,.. (A..: ria exitiosa S-y)


Cnlifornia


Monthly Ne-s Letter, Los Angeles County Horticu turrl
Commission, Vol, 10, No. 3 ,rch 1-5): The finding of the
peach-root borer belonging to the famrnily of clear-",i:-.
moths, a serious r.,.-ct of per-ches in 2 local nurseries,


Oregon




























Fiji Islands


occasioned an immediate eradication campaign uncler the suprr-
vision of Deputy Horticultural Commissioner G. Re Uorton,
in charge of Insect Pest Quarantine in Los Angeles County, As
a result it has been necessary to arrange for the destruction
of some 3,000 flowering peach trees of various species in these
nurseries, This action /as taken by Mr, Gorton for the reason
that this pest is not -.of common occurrence in Southern California
and has never previously been reported in Los Angeles County.
A check .of the previous distribution of all flowering peach
trees from this nursery has been completed and necessary action
taken to eliminate all possibility of infestation from this
source. A detailed survey of all territory within a 2-mile
radius of the infested nurseries has failed to show any other
infesta tions,

COCONUT

DESTRUCTOR SCALE (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret)

Montly Letter Bureau of Entomology, No. 166, February,1928:
From James Zetek, in charge of the field labor-tory at Ancon,
Canal Zone, it is learned that on February 1, T. H. C, Taylor,
Entomologist to the Department of Agriculture of Fiji, arrived
in the Canal Zone on a journey from Trinidad, in` "'as a visitor
at the field laboratory until his departure on F3bruary 3 for
the Fiji Islands. He brou-ht with himf a large shipment of cages
containing young coconut palms heavily infested 1rith the scale
insect Aspidiotus destructor, and at least five species of lady-
bird beetles. This scale insect is particularly troublesome in
Fiji, and Mr, Taylor believes that at least two of these ladybiri
beetles will prove very efficient in controlling it,


LEVUANA TMOTH (Levuana iridescens 3ethmwie-:32-'-r)


Fiji Islands


Monthly Letter Bureau of Entomology, No. 166, February, 1928:
The Levuana moth, a serious pest of the coconut in Fiji, is
now under complete control by parasites introduced by Mr. Taylor.


CITRUS

SPIRAEA APHID (Aphis spiraecola Pa-tch)


Florida







California


J, R, Watson (:Lrch 24): The citrus aphid (Aphis spiraecola)
is less in evidence this spring than in any year since 1923.
This is caused by the severe drought and freezes of the past
winter, whichh cut off its food supply. 'Ie are finding that the
proportion of predators (ladybeetles and syrphus fly larvae)
is three times as large as last year. They are having an
appreciable effect in delaying the multiplication of the insect,

Monthly Nei's Letter, Los Angeles County Horticultural Commission,
Vol, 10, No, 3 (:*-:rch 15): Extensive spraying operations are






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being conducted in the coastal citrus ,rfs of Los Aneles County,
pArtidularly at T-hittier, Rivera, and Downey, accornin- to Denuty
Horticultural Commissioner HT H, 7ilcomb, in charge of uv-i -tivoi
and Spraying in Los Angeles County, for the control of the citrus
aphid. Considerable daag. to ne,' budwood and blossoms is being
occasioned by the attack of this pest and immediate remedial
measures have been necessary#


TRUCK CRO P INSECTS

M I S C ELLM !,OUS y^Z_'RS

GRAY BLISIP' B7.ET'LE (Epicauta cinerea Forst.)

Florida J, R, Watson (March 24): Blis- -r beetles (Epicauta cinerea Forst,)
have been unusually abundant this year and in several instances
have severely attacked citrus trees, fcIin largely on the petals,
also on the tender leaves,

VE.ZT..BLE -"7:VIL (Ljstroleret obliquus Gyll., )

General H, S. B,-rber (March 28); This species is only kno'"n from partheno-
Statement 'genetic females annl --o-ers to be an offshoot from Listro"ers
costirostis, whichc h is in'i::n.nus to the eastern coast of South
A.ri:rica from Brazil to Arentina. This latter species has both
males and females. The oartheno genetic form, obliquus Gyll.. has
been introduced into various parts of the world where it is known
as an economic pest. The sex-bearing species is not kno-n oxcspt
in its native country.

Mississippi R, 7, Harnc.r (M1.rch 24): The so-calle, ve-table 'e vil h."? been
causing quite a bit of injury in the southern half of 2':ississiDni.
Serious Ilamage to turnips w7as reported from 1.Zc.'tnna -rc .
Serious injury to tomato plants in col1 frames '-as r port 7 from
lesson and Fiyette March 14.

SEED COBl. ;:AGGOT (HvI ..:i' cilicrura Ronfl.)

MississippiE. w; Harned (MNrch 24): bn Harch 22 a correspon lent from Decatur
sent to us some larvae that b2vs been tentntiJely i antifiel by
Mr, J, 1, Langston as the see&l corn ma -ot, F-,rbia fuscCI ces.
A letter acco,-panying these speci.I.:nis stat A tht they"ha- 'estrove1
nearly all of my cabbage and onions."

POTATO

POTATO APHID (Illinoia solanifolii A1.-. )

Califoania J. C. Elriore (March 10): The potato aphid is present in Los
Angeles County in potato fields in large enou.-h numbers to carc
damage, but they are being 1-eot in check by a 1-are population of
ladybird beetles and parasites. Other aphi's also '"'re present.







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CAB3AGE

CABBAGE APHID (Brevicoryne br-ssicae L.)


M1ississippi



Cplifornia


Mississippi


Oregon


Pq ific
Coast


Oregon


R* WV Harned (March 24): Aphids identified by A, L, Hamner
as Brevicoryne brassicae were causing serious damage to
collards at Yazoo City March 14.

J. Ca Elmore (March 13): The cabbage aphid was observed to
be very numerous in San Diego County and was reported to be
doing considerable dama-ge to cabbage and cauliflower.

HARLEQUIN BUG (Murgantia histrionica Hahn)

1 L. Cockerharn (March2-'): Rather severe damage is showing
up on mustard. The crop had quite a yellowish tinge due to
this pest. Adults Were quite numerous at the time of examination,
practically no nymphs being noticed.

STRAWBERRY

A WEEVIL (Brachyrhiaia" rn'ilbS GQ.,* )

Don C* Mote (M1rch 21): Mr. Wilcox reports overwintering
strawberry root weevils active. Specimens of B. rugosostriatus
found in house.


STRA'7BERRY POOT 7E=VIL (Brachyrhinus ovatus L)


Monthly News Letter Los Angeles County Horticultural Commission,
Vol. 10, Noi 3, March 15: Numerous small qhite grubs, later
determined by Prof. E. C. Van Dyke of the University of
California, Berkeley, as one of the strawberry root weevils
(B. ovatus) were recently intercepted by Quarantine Inspector
Roy E. Mpson of the Los Angeles County Horticultural Commissiowb
office in a shipment of plants in soil from the State of
Massachusetts, The finding of these grubs was the result of the
exceedingly careful examination made by Mr, Mason of the soil
in this shipment, This insect is a serious pest of straw
berries in the Pacific Northwest and one against which the
COlifornia State Department of Agriculture maintains a rigid
quarantine as it is not known to occur generally -ithin the
State.


A 'EEVILI (Dyslobus decorate Lec. )


Don C., Mote (March 21): Adult of Dyslobus decorate Lec.
coming out above ground at Corvallis.
DRgranicollis Lee, has been recorded from Oregon as
attacking strawberries which seems to be first record of this
species as injurious in the larval stage to cultivated straw,
berries.










PEPPER

PEF9ZR S. "IL (Antiionomus eu *enii C'-no)


Clifornia


Mississippi


California


J. C, Elmore (Fbruary 28): The pepper weevil adult t stage)
w's found in large numbers on the common nightsh-ade (probably
Solanum Iujlasae) at :Torwalk, Los Angeles County, *.h.Tre
pepper foliage is present in quantity the evilss have re-
mained on the peppers but where the perper fields have been
recently plo7'ed or where the peppers have been completely
destroy,. by frost the weevils have concentrated on the night-
shade at the rate of 30 weevils per plant in the most out-
standing instance. The weevils will not breed on nightshade
but will lisre for some time on it. (March 13): The pepper
weevil wr.s found in all stages, eggs, larvae, pupae, and
adults on bell peppers at Vista, Larvae anI pupae were found
also at Hillsdale 20 miles east of San Die'go. These bell
peppers are known as winter peppers and ;!e plants that have
survived the winter, They are cut back and the ne" growth
produces a new or second crop. The pepper weevil may over-
winter in large numbers on these plants.

Monthly News Letter Los Angeles County Horticultural Com,mission,
Vol. 10, No, 3 (March 15): A cultural campaign for the control
of the pepper weevil, a serious pest of that crop, present
throughout Los Angeles County, and one w-hich exacts a toll of
25 per cent of a crop valued at several thousand dollars in
Southern California, requiring the immediate plowing and
disking of all old pepper fields, has been complicated by the
recent finding by Roy E, Campbell, in charge of Pepper Teevil
Control Investigation, U+ S, D, A,., located at Alhanmbra, that
this insect can bb carried over on the common nightshade,

ONIOU S

ONION THRIPS (Thrips tabaci L.)

K. L. Cockerham (March 29): This is one of the most severe
cases of damage that I have ever noted on onions at Biloxi.
The tops were quite yellow and dying down.

ART ICHOSE-

ATIz-HC'7 PL"'E NOTH (Platyptilia cirdui-Iactyla Riley)

Monthly News Letter Los Angeles County Horticultural Commission
Vol. 10, ITo. 3 (March 15): Approximately t,7enty-fivc lots of
artichokes have been rejLected and conditioning r.uire:-
during one week on the Los Angales market according to the
report of Deputy Horticultural Co,-r issioner Paul K. "Tilson,
in charge of Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Standardiz.ation law






-37-


Mississippi


Mississippi
and
Alabama


enforcement in Los Angeles County,, due to infestations of the
artichoke plume mnoth. This insect is recorded as occasionally
being a serious pest of this crop throughout the commercial
producing areas of the State. Apparently it is much more active
this season than normally.

S7EET POTATOES

A WIRE.T70PM (Monocrepidius sp.)

K, L Cockerham (March 24): In a sweet potato storage house at
Picayune, where 4,400 bushels of potatoes were stored, it was
found upon grading these potatoes for market that 40 per cent
of them had to be grader out because of wireworm injury. This
damage was, of course, done last fall but its seriousness was
not realized qt that time. The species responsible for this
damage is probably Monocrepidius sp.

RADISHES

SPOTTED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica duodecimpunctata Fab.)

K. L Cockerham (March 10): This species was found attacking
radishes at Biloxi on this date, The grower reported that damage
w4s being noticed from them in his truck patches. The first
adult of this species w7as noted on Februnry 28 near Grand Bay,
Alabama.


SOUTHERN FIELD CROP INSECTS

SUGARCANE

SUGARCANE BEETLE (Euetheola ruiceps Lec.)


Louisiana


T, E, Holloway and U7 E. Haley (March 20): The sugarcane beetle,
Maetheola ruaiceps Lec., ,nas found to be slightly injuring
sugarcane at a sugar plantation near New Orleans. One adult ras
found,
TOBACCO


TOBACCO FLEA BEETLE (Epitrix parvula Fab.)


North
Carolina


Ohio


C, H, Brannon (March 14): This insect is severely damaging tobacco
plant beds in various sections of the eastern part of the State.


FOREST AND SHADE TREE INSECTS

MISCELLA.TEOUS FEEDERS

BAGT70RM (Thyridopteryx ephemera.oeformis Haw. )

E, W. Mendenhall (March 8): At Columbus the bags are very









nmi:rous on many sorts of trees, including evergreen trees and
shrubbery of different kinds. The bagwormsr are increasing e-ch
year anid o doing considerable damage. (March 9): At Springfield,
the bags of the bn-orm are very plentiful on sha.e trees and
the vorms a-re doing considerable damage specially to the boxelder
trees. At Dayton these insects are also very plentiful on
shade trees, including evergreens and also shrubbery of -ifferent
kinIs. Th-ere were some very severe outbreaks. At Cincinnati they
are reported very numerous on different kinds of deciduous and
evergreen trees and shrubbery,

J3, ^ McColloch (March 10): Bagworms are reported abundant on
cedars at Wetmore,

BCXFLDER

BOXELDE. BUG (Leptocoris trivittatus Say)

J, 1, McColloch (March 21): The boxelder bug is proving a
nuisance in many homes over the State. Coming out of hibernation
they have invaded dwellings in large numbers. Reported from
the following counties:


Pawnee
Barton
Jewell
Cloud


Mr shall
Riley
Geary
Coffee


Mississippi


CEDAR

DEODAR "-E^rIL (Pissodes deodairae Hopk.)

Ra W4 Harned (March 24): devilss belonging to the species
Pissodes deodarae have been reported as causing serious injury
to Cedrus deodara plants at Meridian and Jackson during the
past month, Weevils tentatively identified as this species
were collect.-'- from Italian cypress at BrookhavenMarch 15.


ELMS


C0dKEW70YC 3[ (Geometridae)


Kans as



Missouri


J& W, McColloch (?Irch 22): Canker'.orms have been em~r.3ing in
rather large numbers during the past month at Manhattan, The
emergence has been especially heavy the last fe-' days.

L. Haseman (March 31): The first male cankerworm. moth aptO-red
M'- rch 13.


Kansas


Kansas






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North Carolina


Ohio


Oregon


North Carolina


Virginia &
Maryland


PITE

PINE BARK APHID ,(Chermes pinicorticis Ftch)

C, H Brannon (Mnrch 20): This insect is repotted by 0,0,
Dukes, County Agent, Lumberton, as.d.oing severe damage to
white pine trees in Lumberton,

GR E EN H 0 U S E AND O0B RNAM EN TA L

PLANTS

CHRYSANTH gL.L.,M

CH RYS.-]ITHE.TUM GALL MIDGE (Diarthronomyia hyoogea Loew)

E& .7, ,Mendenhall (March 20); Chrysanthemum plants are
badly infested with the mi/.e in Springfield greenhouses,
except the wholesale houses whsgm regular and frequent in-
spections are made,


NARCISSUS

NARCISSUS BULB FLY (Yerodon equestris Fab.)


Don C, Mote (March 16): At Corvallis 13 pupae and 2 larvae
were found in soil of a narcissus bed. Only 1 larva was
found in 23 bulbs examined.


TUBE ROSE

BULB MITE (Rhizoglynhus hyacinthi Boisd.)


C. Hv Brannon (March 26): This pest is causing severe damage
to tube rose bulbs at Magnolia in Dupilin County,


I N S EC TS A F F E C T I N G MAN A.ND D 0 M E S T IC

A N I Mi A L S

,MAN

BEDBUG (Cijmex lectul.rius Lo)

F. C# Bishopp (March 29)! During the last month re-ports of
infestations of bedbugs in poultry houses have come in
from Virginia and Mary"and,


HOUSE FLY (Musca d1omestica L.)


F, C, -Bishopp (March 28): A few house flies have been observed
in restaurants and other buildings from time to time during
the winter. There has, apparently been a slight increase
in their numbers during the last month.


Texas







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Texas


Virginia


CLUSTER FLY (Poll enia rulis F-'b)

F, C, Bishopp (Mnrch 28): During the winter numerous reports
have come in front various central and northeastern s-tates
of annoyance from cluster fies which h have entered the attics
of homes for hibernation.

CATTLE

COiCOI1 CATTLE GRUB (Hypoderma lineaturnt DeVil].)

F, C, Bishopp (March 27): A very fe-v specimens of fifth (last)
stage larvae of this species are fou-n- to be 7rresent in the
backs of cattle on this date at Fairfax and Leesburz.g,
Heel flies are reported to have been annoying cattle considerably
luring the last two weeks anl especially on Mirch 26.


ITO.THEHI CATTLE GRUB (Hypo derma bovis DeG.)


Virginia


F, C, Dishopp (Mrrch 27): All stages of this species are present
in the backs 6f dairy cattle at Fa.irfax and Lcesburg, the
maximum number founl in any one animals being forty. In :n'ral
the infestation in this section is light, is the majority of
the cattle are entirely free,


HORN FLY (Haematobia irritans L,)


Texrs


D. C. Parm.an (Mnrch 24): In the Nueces Canyon there rere scarcely
any horn flies noted on the cattle along the road,


BLOWFLIES (Several species)


Texis


D, C. P-rmarn (March 24): Trappings at Uvalde indicate that
flies in general have decreased rapidly Turing the 'eek;
Phormia retina about 75 per cent, Lucilia 50 per cent;
Cochliomyia macellai. .a have increased about 10 per cent and
others have decreased from 25 per cent to 50 eer cent or more.


SC:-E 2O'0i (Cochliomyia mrcellaria F.b,)


Texas


D, C, Parman (M-rch 24): The first scrc'--"orm flies to appear
this spring were taken in a trap between IvMarch 2 and 9 at Uvalde.


GOAT SCAB ;'IT.E (Chorioptes caprne DebBourg;)


Texas


F. C. Bishopp (Tnrch 24): D~rin- February a number of different
flocks of goats were found to be infested with these mites. Prompt
quarantine and energetic dipping of all infeste- or exposed
animals is said to have practically, if not entirely, cleared
up the infestations#







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I NS E C- T S INF ES T ING HOUSE ES AND PR EMI S ES

T3PTVITES (Reticulitermes sp.)


North Carolina




Kansas





Michigan


Mississip-oi


Ceylon


Kansas


C4 H. Brannon (March 14): Mr, 0, 0. Dukes, County Agent,
Robeson County, sent in specimens of wood severely damaged by
termites. Mr. Dukes reports these pests attacking foundations,
floors, and furniture in houses.

J. <7, McColloch (March 2): Termites have ruined stationery
and supplies in the city clerks office at Wellington.(M-.rch 10):
7ood-work in dwellings at Clyde and' Chanute has been injured.
Considerable damage to a grain elevator is reported from Rush
Center.

R HV Pettit (4-rch 15): The first sending of Beticulitermes
flavipes arrived today, from Grand Rapids, winged adults
such as will probably be coming inifor about a month now,
from various parts of the State. These, of course, came from
heated buildings.

K6 L. Cockerham (M-arch 29): Termites have been causing quite
severe damage to some residences in Biloxi during the past
several months. During M-irch one residence in particular that
ras called to my attention had to have all of the sills re-
placed and all of the upright studding in the framework cut
off about 8 to 10 inches above the foundation and replaced with
new material.The tfa3 cost in repairing the damage done by
these insects on this place "ras quite high,. Numerous complaints
from "flying ants" have been made recently*


A TEShnITE (Kalotermes sp.)


Monthly Letter Bureau of Entomology, No.166, February,1928:
Fs P. Jepson, Assistant Entomologist, Department of Agriculture,
Paradeniya, Ceylon, made a special trip from England in the
latter part of January to consult with Dr. Snyder in regard to
controlling termites attacking tea bushes and the wToodwork of
buildings in Ceylon. Certain species of termites in the genus
Kalotermes are primary pests of the tea bushes, and are doing
extensive damage. Mr. Jepson returned to England in the first
week in February.


YELLOW ANT (Lasius interj.ectus Mayr)


J. W, McColloch (March 15): This ant -,as swarming in a house
at McPherson on Februariry 3. Swarms in or near houses were noted
early in March a t 7ichita and Manhattan.






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Kansas


Kansp s


California


KEnsas


CIGAT. E B3ETL3 (Lasioderma serricorna' F7b,)

J, *4, McColloch (Febru-ry 25): The cigarette beetles are giving
considerable trouble in upholstered furniture in a -1elling
-t Topeka.

POUDER-POST .EETL3S (Lyctus spp.)

J* 7. :.:cColloch (February 6): Po..der-post beetles are causing
considerable dari-age to a stock of shovels in a hardware store
at Canton. The handl s are all badly infested.

CALIF1fRIT]I LEAD C.-2LE :-0?'7 (Scobicia declivis Lec.)
Official Record, Vol. 7, To. 12,;:-rch 21. The little blal.- bug
with a propensity for boring holes in the sheaths of telc.r".'. 3-
cables has been causing trouble in various sections of California.
The tiny holes made by the insect allow moisture from the first
rains to reach 'wires inside aerial cables and short-circuit the
"ires. Some say this bug's correct name is Scobicia declivis L:c.,
,but telephone men have other names for it. This borer made its
debut on the Pacific coast several ye"rs ago, and it has provif
to be a perennial host whenever winter comes.


CLOVER YIITE (Bryobia .r -ftios- Koch)


J ',. icColloch (February 14): The clover mite is proving a
nuisance in houses at Ci'-.-,-ute.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3i 22i02 44612i8ii iii i 11iiiinii i
3 1262 09244 6128



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