The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00040

Full Text







THE INSECT PEST SURVEY

BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions throughout the United States
issued on the first of each month from March to December, inclusive.


Volume 7


September 1, 1927


Number 7


BUREAU


OF ENTOMOLOGY


UNITED STATES


DEPARTMENT


OF AGRICULTURE


AND


THE STATE


ENTOMOLOGICAL


AGENCIES COOPERATING




I1









INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLET U


Vol. 7 September 1, 1927 ITo. 7

OUT3 I -1-,- ENTO:L' I CAL FEZATUS 11 T T7 UT TD STATES FOR AUGUST, 1927

The European corn borer has been found in eleven ne-,7 counties in Ohio,
extending from M.:ercer County on the w-est-central border of the State to iadisor-
County in the south-central part of the State; in three ne-i counties (iosciusko,
7ells, and Adams) in Indiana; in t-'o ne-r counties in Michigan; in eight ne-r
counties in Pennsylvania, extc.,dii- to the southern border of the State, and in
the eastern part of the State to -crt> mberland and Vyoming Counties; and in on
nevr county in ',e'-; York State.

Thite grubs have been exceedingly destructive this season in the East-
Central St.tes extendiy-, from northern Indiana and Illinois ---est'-.:ar d to Tebra,. -

The fall armny:iorm has been generally prevalent in the Southeast ard lo--er
Mississippi Valley, dr'm.: c being exceedingly bad in the Delta region.

Present indications are that the Hessian fly --ill be quite serious in
early planted --'heat in Illinois, as the fly is ,viell distributed and moderately
abundant. The late srumer survey in Maryland indicates that the fly is much
more prevalent in the -,estern part of the State th'In on the Eastern Shore. -.
State average on the -hole, is high, being 21 per cent.

Throughout the entire corn belt to the lo-er Hissis3sippi Valley, the
corn ear v:orm is doing the usual ..-mount of damage to both corn and tomatoes.

The chinch-bug situation, on the whole, is rather favorable, no serious
damage having been reported from any part of the chinch-bug belt.

In the Vest-Central States the armyv:orm is present in outbreak -'x'1'ers.
Reports of heavy damage have been received from South Da_-ota and Io-'C.

The spotted cucumber beetle is unusua-lly destructive to corn in the south-
ern part of the East-Central States from cothern Indiana --'estv,-ra to Io-a, and
south-:ard to Missouri, the damage being particularly prevalent in the overflo7-
areas along the Miissouri and Mississippi Rivers. In areas north of this region.
the corn root nvorm is attacking the corn and immediately -,uest of this area in
western Nebraska Diabrotica virgifera is attacking corn seriously for the first
time in that State.

The alfalfa -weevil has been more destructive in eastern Idaho than any
year since 1921.

The Ja:,aiese beetle has been found this summer as far -rest as jilkes-
Barre and Gettysburg, Pa., and as far south as '-shington, D. C., and Cambridge,
[d., and as far northeast as Bridgeport, Connecticut.


-255-







-25h-


In the Ne-: .-land States and :e-,"' York the ,p-le maggot emerged later
than '&u_-.., and considerable d-.,r..-.-e to fruit is bei:'- reported from this region:

Present indications are that there -1i. be a hea-.y infestation by late
codling moth larvae in Indiana, Georgia, :.i Idaho.

In the fruit-gro-ing sections of e-- "i-'.... and ?e-.- Yor_ the pear
psylla is again prevalent, -nhile pears are being seriously dam-a.ge, by the
pear trips in parts of California.

The oriental fruit .-..'th is becoming increasingly a -,'nd2t. Connecticut
reports a general increase while e Geor-gia records the heaviest infestation ever
observed in the State. Other reports on this insect have been received from
:e-" Yor-', Delanare, Maryland, anrd C''-io.

Very serious infestation of raspberries the r asp.>rry fruit w7orm
has develop-. J in the important raspberry and loga:nberry cann-"i_".i districts of
"-shington. This infestation has boecome so intense that the fruit c.-.ners
are rejecting the fruit .nd many -ro-ers have stopped pic.king.

iTo further ":exican fruit -,orm infestations have been reported from Texac.

The citrus thrips has scarred as high as 80 per cent of the crop in
parts of the California citrus belt.

T:,_- unusually .he-.: infestations of the stalk borer reported in the last
number of the Bulletin continued throu-hc'i.t August.

iA-.: usual number of reports on damage b blister beetles to truck crons
is b.i-": receive--.. n interesting note along this line "as sent in from Cal-
ifornia -here Tegrodera latecicta Horn '"as observedd ..a.. al"lia in Iryc
County,. This insect is a native of the s,.--e brush country a.-. has not been
observed heretofore as a crop pest.

An outbreak of the Colorado potato beetle in a restricted area in I-:c.3
is attracti:, considerable attention, and the -ossibility of er".Jicatin. the
st has not been abandoned.

The exican bean beetle is no'- ,-ell establi'-.---d at 'orth Collins and
Go-'anda in -'estern ee';: York: State, -.,d along the nortf.cr: border of Pe '-isylvanii
eastr-nrd to Tio-ga, Center, and9 Tunti -`.on -ounties __ along the southern
border of the St7- t '_I!c. ,e Con 0ce
order of the tte to _.ic'ster County. io T.nterial advance hes been ia.de to-
:ard the South -.-dth the exception of a fe-r counties in the northern half of
Georgia and three counties in the northeastern corner of 1-ississippi. u.uch
damage is beii


The boll--eevil .,itration as a -'hole is -'.-,fLvorable. In the eastern
part of Tf x. fs fr more inj-.--, is r-.. cr' td t -d u'u.' for this time of the ye.r.
In central Texas da.':-e does not t'. .. o be seric.s. In Ar' :,-:'s the -ee.'il
pore.r to'- 'ore a"-,' i.2'.n t in the nest- rn portion of the State than in niur
year I ; renti thie eastern -"o.-tion C- the St.te is not so seri-








-257-


ously infested as the ivestern portion. In Louisiana infestation has been com-
plete for at least 10 days, ho'-ever o'in- to "spotted" conditions of -veevil in-
festations some fields are still making cotton. In Hississippi 40r per cent of
of the squares are punctured in the hill counties, being a marked increase over
those infested in the earlier part of ihe Yonth; the -w.eevils ,-ere four times as
abundant on .august 20 as they -;ere on this same date last year. The flooded
areas of the Delta are still practically tree of the w-eevil. In Jlabama the
weevil has continued to multiply in enormous numbers in the south-central part
of the State, and some fields in prt of the Piedmont region Aill not yield over
50 bolls of cotton to the acre. Georgia ,rill harvest a .*e: poor crop of cotton
over the southern tv-'o-thirds of the State- the loss is estimated at from 40 to
50 per cent, -.'hile 'Jreds of acres -vill not be picked; damage decreases pro-
gressively northward. In South Carolina the average infestation in the vicinity
of Florence is 77-3. per cent; -eevil infestation, ho-wever, v-as generally light
in this State and found only in scattered areas in the lover and middle Piedmont
section. In Torth Carolina increasing daage by this insect is reported through
out the cotton section, damage being much more serious in the southern counties.

_lo commercial damage .- cotton flea. hoppers is reported from-,athe cotton
belt -iththe exception of a fen isolated fields in parts of T :.s.

t-.e cotton leaf 1'orm is decidedly ltr than usual this year; coseuet-
little damage is to be anticipated to deciduous fruit and grapes in the north-
ern States, and the cotton is so far advanced that but little damage can result
from the feeding of the larvae.


JOUTST:: - K"IUTOOLOGICAL F12L=J S LK C.-IA FOR ..i;: 1927

lhe Mexican bean beetle as found in Canada for the first timeh o0 July
20, at C'a- .r Springs, ,_ent County, Cntario, north of Iake 'ie. Subsequent
scouting has revealed the insect at numerous points in Kent and Essex Counties,
..-.d. isolated collections have lbeen made in Halton, York-, eand Peel Counties,
ncrth-sst of Lake Ontario.

Scouting to determine the distribution and s-pread of the Huronean corn
borer in Ontario and southern -uebec is no under 'v'a. Preliminary scouting
-jork has also been started in the rio-tie Provinces' .here this insect has not
yet been found.

A -ide spread outbre1: of lthe beet ---eb- orr oM cuCrre' in central ard south-
ern Sadkatche-an, economic dam-ac chiefly being coanied to gardens. t t
outbreak occurred on sugar beets in southern Alberta, but caused no serious losr.

Reports froe central Sask-itchevzan indicate a heavier and lore -idespread
infestation of the red turnip bceUe than has occurred for --:'r/ years. This
species vas also reported as quite severe in the 3ulkley valley, 2 itish Coluoi .











.fl.x rmyor, ar;athra. confiijurata li'-. s more ab...ra.ir. t than ever
before in certain sections of southern Alberta, att.:'ir:7 alfalfn, s-,eet clover,
a flo-:;eri-.-. plants c ... -;eeds.

There have been fei reports of severe cutv:orm damage frc:i any part of
the.c Dorinion.

Difficulty in effectively controlling the Colorado potato be--tie
this seaOon o-i--- to the frequent rains :c.shing off -:r:.,irg -,:t. Yri.ls, has j L'Ee
reported from sections of the Haritim.e Provinces and Ontario. In sou"Th,-rn 11ani-
tobia, this insect has decidedly increased in numbers over 1926, but it has been
a serious pest in only a few localities. Heavy infestations are reported from
southern Alberta.

The Europea ear';ia is increasing rapidly in the Vancouver and ".''-st-
minster districts, British Columbia, -,'here houses and.-"r-., are heavily infestE'.

hee hals been a severe out 'reak: of _e ,-reen apple aphid in Lotario,
11, in tensty and duration, : s been the worst yet experier ,--:.

Fruit tree leaf-rollers have been very scarce th,:',-.-"..- hout the -,"'.an
Valle British Columbia, this season.

.mbor' of the introduced codling moth parasite "c,: t'_., c.r' ,: s-e
Vicr. h 3r rit4i s1 Col u1 in .

'ir --,id spruce sa-,fliCs, odiorioin obie tis K.rr., ,and : ,.,:.': __
ocre"Atuc Yarrinton, are -,'idespread ad and usually c':*.,.t in southern Hanito!a.

The nfestaioU of the spr-ce bud- or'-, in the southern half of Cape Breton
I Fiecti- spruce, balsam, helock, and larch, is decidedly less severe than
in 1952. Sopruce a-d -Alsa, trees dead or dying' from the att..-.': of this insect
.re hea vily infested --:ith ,..,' ,.-.:' scutellatus a" .

Te ouse mosquito, Culex 'Iiens L. has been found developing in immense
nu. bcrc, in extensive semistagnant backlreaches of the Ottawa River at h'-'-esbury,
Ont r-io.














Indiana


Illinois





Nebraska











Alabama


North 6arolina



Georgia


Illinois


-259-

=TEBAL F-':.

7BITTIE GRTJBS (Phylloph-ga spp. )

J. .T, Davis (July 30): whitee grubs -'ere reported d gin straw-
berry at Indianapolis, and golf greens at Gary.
H. K. Riley (Aug, 20): nThite -grubs were reported d.mz'i-.qng golf
greens at Culver militaryy Academy.

W7 P. Flint (August 18): :mTTi-rous reports have been coming in of
d ra, by these insects to l.'-ns and field crops. Thus far all
injury reported has been in the central and northern counties of
the State. Grubs are slightly under size for this period in the
second year of their growth.

M,. H. SVenk (July 25 August 25): During the period covered by
this report complaints of injury by white grubs have continued to
come in steadily. ['/ost of these complaints refer to injury to
str--. 'berry beds, as previously, but some also describe serious in-
jury in cornfields, and also in truck patches to carrots, beets,
onions, and other vegetables and still others to injury to priv-
et hedges, and to gladiolus and other plants in flower gardens.
"T.ite grubos have been exceedingly destructive this season.

LUBBER GP&SS.O?_-ET (Brachystola marna Gir.)

J. ,. Robinson (August 1): Lubber grasshoppers are abundant in
Esc imbia. and Tuscaloosa Counties,

Co REAL ANrD FORA GE- CROP I Y S ECT S

HI4SCTLL EOUJTS FEEDERS

FALL ARii.0 (Laph.,'ma frugiperda S. & A.)


J. N. Tenhet (August 17): -'elve-acre field of corn attached. Corn
is in silk, and although infestation is heavy, corn will probably
mature before dqjr.-ie is very severe.

H. S. Single (July 28): F?;ll arm i'orm now moving in large numbers
from crab gr,- s, growing in orchards, to adjacent cornfields.

W. P. Flint (August 18): The fall arrayworm has been reported from
many cornfields in the southern third of the State. The infesta-
tion extends to a little below the latitude of St. Louis. All cases
of injury reported are from corn. -.he "-ori-s are full-g-ro-n and go-
ing into the pupal stage at this time, so that another brood will
certsei-ily occur in the State this fall. Severe damage to corn has
been reported in several cases.









-2- "


Ala`_-r,:.-;






iississippi












Texas









Illinois


J, II. Robinson (Augist 1): The fall ar..-:-orm is be -jin.n,j to show
up in several places in the otate, .)'-rticularly in the Pie.mont
section, ."e have not determin-ieed, ho17 extensive the infestation is.
(Au:-iust 16): The fall armwrorm has been active in the Piedcmont re-
gion of the State, and they have grown considerably more abun'lant
in the past week.

R. 7. Harned (August '2): l':e southern grassorm has been very abun-
dant in .ississip-i duoin the past Font.. A large number of com-
plaints accompanied by specimens have been received at this office,
Both cotton and corn have in some cases teE:, quite seriously in.jur-
ed,. Specimens collected on corn h.-ive been received from Sunflower,
'-rren, 3har:e-., Tate, -nshington, i,-arshall, Alcirn, and Quitman
Counties, Specimens collected on cotton have been received from
_Huivhres,, Tallahatchie, Yazoo, warren, Lau'ercdle, '.-.r-rkey, aol-
ivar, and "ashington Counties,. Specimens on sor ;:'Y.1. were collect K
on the property of the Delta EBperiment Stationiat St..-jeville in
vWashington County.,

F. C. BishopP (Auguist 10):-.*Soe complaints have been receive'. of
these worms Ptt ckin -Lerau.a grass and other pasture grassess in
this vicinity. The wcrr;3 appear to have done very little .'.a:age
to cotton or other crops.

'^i MIJ

H-SSIAN FLY (phytooh.v_ -" destructor Say)

P. Flint (August IS): On the '-hole, the -iEcsian fly infestation
in Illinois is ver- much the same as in the Fall of lC'-'5. There
has been a sliit increase in infestation in the eastern counties
and a sli ht decrease in the southern Counties, while the infesta-
tion in the central and 1-est-central counties is approximately the
same as last year. Fie aver -.-e infestation for the State this year
is 4.29 per cent, or in other viordv out of every 100 wheat stems in
the State, 4 no-contain flaxseelds of the Hessian 7l, from -hich a
brood of adult flies will be in emerging this fall. This is sho'"n
by the results of the annual wheat insect suire"' whichh is con"'.ucte-1
each year during the first t',-o -eeks of Au.ust by the ent.omnl)jists
of the 1.--tural History survey, This v'.-*r entomologists of the Fc:-
eral Bureau of Z:tomolo .,* have cooperated in this work,
C'r, of the outsta.n-lin- co.n'itions shown by the survey is that
of the even distribution of fly over all sections covered. In sou-
thern Illinois, *h]re the infestation is the li-'test, a little leo.
than one-tLir'. of the fields shoe infestation, but in other secti-n.
of the State nearly all fields contain-.` the fly in snrall to a:.-
erate numbers. The percc it- of fly 'illed bv parasites or other
causes r-.s fairly 1-ii in southern Illinois, n.a bout mor.'l in
the other sections.








-261-


Summing up the results of the Survey, we apparently will have
very close to normal emergence of the Hessian fly this fall. Th:t
is, the main brood will come out on about the average date. At-r-
ently the brood will be rather well bunched and not scattered out
as is the case in some years. There is likely to be a moderately
heavy infestation in early-sown wheat in the eastern ;nd central
parts of the State, with a light infestation in early-sown wheat
in southern and western Illinois. The fly-free date will probably
hold very close to those indicated on the enclosed map this year.
The fly has caused very little damage in Illinois during the
last few years, but it is in a good position bo come back strong
if early seeding is generally practiced in any section.

Maryland C. C. Hill and H. D. Smith (August 19)L The following table shows
the percentage of wheat culms found infested with the Hessian Fly.
The infestation was much lighter on the Eastern Shore than in west-
.ern Maryland. The average county infestation for the State was 12
per cent as compared with 2 per cent infestation found in 1925 and
1926. 0ccnsional wheat fields in western Maryland showed consider-
able damage from the fly, and these may be a source of heavy infes-
tation for the coming season.
Western i'.1nryland Eastern Shore
County Per cent County Per cent
Anne Ai.tmnle 8 Cecil 11
Baltimore 11 Dorchester 16
Carroll 29 Somerset 10
Prederick 31 Wicomico 12
Montgomery 34 Average 12
Washington 31
Average 27 Average for the State 21

71HEAT ST.i N`AGGOT (Meromyza americana Fitch)

South Eakota H. C. Severin (August 8): Reports of usual damage by the wheat stem
maggot to wheat .and barley over the State, have been received.

JOINT WORM (Harmolita tritici Fitch)

Illinois W. P. Flint (August 18): An infestation in Hancock County of 28 per
cent with light infestations in a few of the western and southwest-
ern counties of the State.

A F-ALSE WIR3TOE' (Eleodes hispilabris Say)

Idaho C. Wakeland (July 29): False wireworms have destroyed many acres
of whe-.t in the dry farming areas of eastern Idaho this season.
Several of the farmers are planning a poisoning campaign against
the beetles this fall.






-25-


C -- -'7

*.LrP.:.7: CCD2T BOR-. (]"rai'ta nubileli c.-n. )

rQ l L, H. "rthy (A... :-' 20): The follo'ain i' a. co..let- list to
&ate of all counties fr.or which ne'- towns-hi rcoers for th. :ui-
ro:e;L corn borer have been receiv,-'- this sc-nson: &.!!en, :-.i ?
Cosh i-ou !l Del ",,n., 1', _i --J ]i n Hr dri:n, ".qa] c.s, Knox, Lic ,iA--., Lo_-
r-I, el.co,1 ,-,r ion, Cetrcer, }:imr_3i nL-orr "', 1 t!' -rr ,
-..t. ,a l an in. Van '7erF, OHIO? T -lle c..1-':.-- i-r-1:7. e,
T. ... -orro
.3oble, J: :n s, aiid. ""uti er,. "-.I-A ^lt^ ... . J ',"-, i;:-=T i;
f- or 1 c _i u i i ette.Mcu.ti.- %, a cttor, r, rrt'. ei -er ,2n.-.
^ iillt ']L',1 an _} r . ? I" lL r lI A -e1- " *"^ 2Y.R :
-" m:.3 1i-lne3. are ner, coin)',l r,-ccr-.s 'il-o. Althou'h the
Segree of in.estation Ifo id and th chance of sir-. from those
are,.s before fall are extremely slight, a ch-n-rc- in thVe u.r-n-
tine line is contempla-telL as soon as more territ-rv h. "'Lee., cov-
ered by .the scouts.

Ohio and : monthly. Letter,, Thr. it. yo 159 (July, 1c7): .'1-' .f the.
"ichi -n inport-oc p"r.sitg: h.ri:- ; robot-tr -b, h'"e been
recovered in the pa.rsit2 conserv-tion ca'-ts -7t "onr.ro. -n'. rioe,
.Mich., qnl at Saniusky, Ohio,
General :o:thly Letter, Eur. .:t. 70. 159, (Jl!7C27): A -jrtii of the
foreign parasites of the corn borer -'.ic h-.'c been s-.i'rL". from
Arlington to the i. I'le ~est for liberation Jn the fi-1 h "e in-
cludIed a dul ts of A1..icia uinctoriv Fromra, -'hicc '"ere r-_re'- from
cor--borer o trial cmlnec." in e- -. .g-n-. ?,hi forei rn prr-
asite of the corn borer, origi'acll- introduce' into "-- *-ialfn'.
has been reccvcred in increasin nu-nbers each yenr i.- tiat area,
and is no"1 bein0 used for recolonization,

COR ` A-. "0F-2 (Heliothis o'qsoleta F-b. )
eori' a H.. S "in le (July 28): The corn ear rorm is c-'.sin.- co.ci '.era-
ble -..'-.:- to late corn in this section. ni o.-c fil as hi -h
as five larvae were fou-nd fee'ina on the tvo :f F i.I.de ,:.1-'nit.
YPrctically every plant in one section of tche fie.'. *-. in ,ir3,

Ohio0 E. 7. Yenenhall (,.v.i.st 18): 'The corn ear ,'or-i is vury serious
an ~Fencr-l in Ohio this "'-r. ,

Indiana J. J. D-vis (July 30): The corn ear ;eorn has ben report. '.-7ithin
the pIst fcn l'ys e-tin; into the Vevolopin- t-ss-ls of corn from
Inliana m ol is, Th..ville, and Canip'..> sburg.

I. I, Pley (Au 'Ust ): Tho corn ear wvorr, ,'-s reoortc' n.--in
swcct corn at Hiuntin toe and 1*rs nnl popcorn nt Cicero.


C. .. Ainslie (Auiguist 13): S'-ct corn in par.ens is Imrost univer-


























Mississippi


sally attacked by this pest and field corn iU also suffering se-
vere injury, nearly or quite as great as last year. Larvae are
nearly mature at this time.

C. N. Ainslie (August 2S): The cold 7et spring of the present
year retarded the planting and germination of corn to such an ex-
tent that adults of the corn ear worm had practically disappeared
before the ears developed silk. As a result almost no injury is
being done by this pest this year in the territory: tributary to
Sioux City. L:any fields of corn, even at this date, are just in
the fresh silk st:ce and it is possi e that moths may appe-r in
time to oviposit before the silk dries, in which case another
brood may develop.

R. '7. H-arned (August 22): Compla.ints in reg-rd to the ccrn ear
'--:rm or cotton boll vworm have been received recently from several
localities. Corn was the crop being injured at Yazoo City in
Yazoo County, Roxie in Franklin County, and Lorena in Smith Courfy.
Cotton was being injured at Lamkin, iitta ?u"rIl', and Suter in ..-rk-
ey County, Yazoo City in Yazoc County, and Hollandale in 7ashing-
ton County.

LES3R COCRJ STAL-: BORER (Elasmopal1us lignosellus Zell.)

R. 7. Harned (August 22): Only one complaint has been received
recently in regard to the lesser corn stalk borer. Specimnens of
this insect collected on sorghuoy -.ere received cn August 12 from
the Delta Experiment Station at Stor.eville.


CHINI *;J (Blissus leucooterus Say)


Illinois
















Nebraska


7. P. Flint (July 19): J. H. Bigger has just completed a survey
of chinch bug conditions in the area --hich vwas most heavily infested
in the early spring. In spite of the heavy rains duri.w May and
June, enough b',s have survived to cause some damage in the south
central counties. A month ago it seemed impossible that any damage
from this insect could occur in this section, but a period of ap-
proximately 25 days rith-ut rain has enabled the chinch bug to come
back in surprisin-ly 1-rge numbers in some sections. If the remain-
der of the summer continues moderately dry, there -ill be a chance
for a sufficient number of second brood --tgs in this region to cause
serious damage in 1925. (August 1i): During the past month there
has been several reports of chinch-bug damage in the south-central
counties and t-o rather isolated reports of damage in the north-
central counties. The actual loss from this insect in the State
this year will be rather small.

.. H. Swenk (July 25-August 25): Continued ccol '-eather during
August, together vrith one or more heavy rains in most localities
in southeastern -ebrask- where the chinch 'bu has been troublesome










during the past several seasons, has an.:.'cni'7y .:.i the effect .i
still further reduce: the numbers of i,-, ."'- i.-.t erf '-fcc
',.-,ith the develc-.,:-.t of the second br 6'. -;. ire
sp-ring ;and surmier of 1327 has acted advar -. tt-. '?t, " ....
('.I'', .ution of its injuries is expected i; ..':L' ic -11 i- i thiI
Stete next year. In some localities, hc-,.'ever, the second >,'-, is
n<-\ ores -it in the cornfields in a fair a:-.. ce.


AlUY:GR2,; (Cirjhii u; i-ncta Ha-:.)


Illinois


South
Dakota


Illinois


7. P. Flint (July 19): Y2hile there have been no serious :rz.' rr.
cutbreas, o. moderate number of larvae can be fund in cornfields
in nearly any section of the State.

C. J. Drake (kuarst 2): A-'. -7orms occur in lr0e numbers in the
counties of rarli:, Hardin, .and Icva. In a. -acr field of ats
in nardin County, .:e found the ca terpillars :,.,. th the *;..chs of
oats to run from almost 100 to .. 00 per ch. nen sh:hi..
the oats the farmer counted I42 arr. ..-rms beneath a si-'le b-.."..e.
The vorms vary in size from about one-third r'--n to mature cat r-
pillars, In Iva. County a couple of fields of corn have been 1.,7ly
injured by army-orms, the c'-terpillars .i--rating from oat fields.

. C,. Sevcrin (Au.-ust 3): D! :--e reported by the ar.'," r'L to small
grain and corn, e:- :cially in old Lakle oeds in '"iilmot and Crtlcy
Counties.


W. P. Flint (July 13): Conditionc have been very f.v-able. r:,mnge
this species, of cut':-c has eboe- re'- :-teo frfa all parts of Illinoi
In many cases the lacvae are ctil cvrkr..- cn corn whichc h is S to 2C'
inches high. .-.eore teiy are atta-cking corn of. this sic they usually
bore into the l.-;:er prt of tho stalk, oftentimes entering the st-1U.
Actual counts o I damage by these w:orarns in one of the central counties
sho-.; a destruction of the corn amounting to from 15 to 4 cr cent cf
the hills, Some fields. have been so s:-o.':wily ;2 e-c that they -..ve
been aban(ldon ed.


COR',T ROOT A7-'I) (Aphis maidi-rcO -ci s Frbes)


K. C. Sullivan (July 29): The corn root louse is unul-,!v b-d this
season, anwae arc receiving inLuiries from all sections of the St-tc.
II. H. S;-enk (July 25- %-ust 25)1 n>mplaints of injury `y the corn roc:
aphid referred to in lat reocrt conti uc'r' threuh the month of Juo',.

:..iCTr' D a C;.U:.!- -, 7..'^ ~^ (Diabrotica ,.,-7eclr n ,.'.t-.t'. Fab.)

J. J. via (July :): The ...{them corn root ,-Krm c..'tinues to tc
reported from vari ... section s f the St -7e, es,,ci.l7 central


I.n1 ssd. i -i
l'.'.bra. k -


-2 4-


I -:;a


PLAC C.._:,'-1. (:.--r-t ii C Rott,)


















Illinois








I o wa





Mi ssouri


Indiana, as a serious pest of corn. Tlday -;e received (u' first re-
ports of injury by the beetles, since early rerots this spring the
report cc-mi:-.^ from Shelbyvill ;here the beetles 7ere dmaing
garden beans, eatin- into the -reen pods.

H. K. Riley (August 2C): 'T2he south en cor-- root .orm-sas reported
as seriously damaging corn at Chalmers August o

W. P. Flint (July 19): i-_" specimens of this insect are being sent
in from southern and central Illinois. Dmrage by these larvae is
not confined t- the bottom l:. s but is rather general ii- field.
vyhere a heavy pro-,th of clover or seed clover occurred during the
early spring and --which --ere ploued late. as is usually tihe cas.,
it is reported causing serious damage to the bottom lards along the
rivers wThich were overflowed during the early sprin-.

C. J. Drake (.iugust 2): The southern corn root -,orm is e;trem 3lY
abundant in southeastern Iow,-a. 0n one fvrm inLec C-u,.ty SCO acres
of corn :-.ere "'-dly infested by the beetle. i ib- of othe report'
.;ere received from southeastern !ova. The adult beetles of _the
first generation are emerging very rapidly at the present tine.

X. C. Sullivan (July 29): The southern corn root -orm is causing
unusual damage to the corn, especially the late c,.-: -. which h has beer
planted in the cverflo-1- areas along the :issouri and Missi 'ssipl:i
Rivers. In these places the injury is -idesp.read and the lo..- --ill
be tremendous.


CC':.T REOOT *CRH: (D iabrotica lon-icorris Say)


Illinois




Tebr aska


F.. Flint (August ;): Several. reports of serious damnae by the
northern corn root --!orm have come in fro m the central. Illinoi s
counties. In all cases the injury occurred ,'here corn had fo-
lo-,ecd corn.

M. H. Si-ek (July 2e5-iu-ust 25); Corn root ,!orms have been the out-
st.nding pest to the corn crop of Tebra-'a during the past month.
Complaints of mch falling corn due to the destruction of the root
system by the v-restern corn root n orm began to be received : the end
of July, and have kept coming in unabated tc the present date. Al-
thou.-h this trouble is general over eastern iebr-s,--, it i..s -'orst
in th3 northeastern corner, from nnox, Antelope, Eladison, and rod-i
Counties east and north to the i'.isscuri River. In many localities
in this area hund.L-cds of acres cf corr have been seriously injured
- fo< 11 ,,- dy
and f-llo-in heavy rains the corn has largely -*-' d- i .--y
fields~ this tr-ul are .. edye
fields. Expectati ns of re..uced yields because of this trouble are
freely expressed by farmers in this region; one corresr dentt states
that he -oculd not get mere than_ 10 bushels to the acre in a corn-
field that yielded 50 buc,'els tc the acre last year. In --'estern, n
especially in southw;estern z-br -', similar trouble, due to the
Colorado corn root iorm, Liabrotica viraifera _Lee. a pest not here-
















.-rth
C arotlina




7cbr,.:-a


-.i ss )uri


.ebr Laska


Id-' :u


-266

tofore found in Nebra'ska by us, has been reported f.rirg the same
period. This infestation and injury seen most severe in Hitchcock
and Red ,,illo- Counties, but extend nort to Ea-'w7es County.

A Vim"a'.":R[ (::nocrepidius vespertinus Fab.)

J. -T. Tenhet (August 1S): A month ago this click beetle -as prese,-.t
in large >u-'bers in leaf sheaths of corn, and could be readily talln
at trap lights. At this date, however, they are becoming very scXrce
and are difficult to find in any L,:cuers. Evidently the period of
adult activity is about at an end for this season.

M. H. Su-enk (July 25-August 25): During the first week' irn u!ust an
a -.d-.ice of beetles of the southern corn i/ire- ',rm Ionocreoidius
vesiDertinus was reported from a cornfield in Clay County.

!.R-.':C-:)IS (Elat er idae)

K. C. Sullivan (July 29): It seems that .-ireorms are cauzi:1-g more
than ordinary injury to corn, especially in southern Hissouri.


3= OD CCF.:7 BE:.TLE (A.., *:- d2cr,. c rl ire,. Fab.)


H. H. Srenk (July 25-August 25): There has been an ,b-...d..ice of the
seed corn :u-.*' beetle in certain cornfields in eastern Yebr_-s.-a
during the present season.


'T- ,TIr I
AL" AH-I -Li Iat

PEAL APHID (Illincia 2isiKl.


C. Y'-.k-land (July 29): '-Uing the past seasons the pea aphid '13s
been of greater or less abundance in nearly all alfalfa fields. In
been a few fields in the past it has been observed in countless 'nu bers
but the alfalfa had made good groovth before the infestations bec.:',c
Large and no special injury could be attributed to it. This seas.'ns-
alflfa plants became heavily infested hiile they -,ere still small,
growth of alfalfa v;as. slow, owing to the cool weather, and the aphids
killed back the first crop completely in many fields and retarded
second gro'wth. In two in-ta-ces grovrers applied .--ranular calcium
cyanide and report that they ar well satisfied with results, for
they obt-ined a first cutting of alfalfa rhich more than paid f.r the
expense cf the treatment. Parasites ,were quite numerous in th2 in-
fested fields from the st-trt and before the first crop ,was re.dy to
cut they had almost completely destr yc-d the .phids. Lady beetles,
an undetermined species of sr,,!.is. fly, and t,:o undeter.,i.,ied species
of hymeniopteroos parasites -.re of greatest rim -'rt. ,ce. It w-as inter-
esting that control '7ould be establi,:Ked in ne field b: l." :,ee':tles,
in another by cTr.,jus flies, eCtc. '"ut th.st all cr:cies of par,,-ites
did not occur abundantly in ti.e % :,- field.


JSsSt'







-267-


California


ALFALFA ,SVIL (PLytcnomus posticus Gyll. )

C. .akel..n.d (July 29) The alfalfa weevil has been more destructive
in eastern Idaho than it has been since 1921. In the extreme east-
ern part of the State, n:here it has been of n- economic importance
before, it caused heavy loss ,n first-crop alflfa and has greatly
retarded the grovrth of the second crop. In the Grimm seed district
of eastern Idaho it a-,s abundant enough in some fields this season
to justify spraying but it has been of so little importance during
the preceding t;-o years that growers were unprepared for spraying
this season. In -7estern Idaho larvae became quite abundant in a
fe', fields and spraying v,,,as done. In g-eneral, hc;7ever, infesta.tions
,nere so light that savis resulting from spraying would not have
justified the expense.

A SOLDIZ B-SETLE (T1 r d:r-, latecincta Horn)

T. D. Urbahns (July 1S): On this date J. 7. Dixon reported c.ldier
beetles, Tegrodera latecincta, as invadilng alf-alfa fields near the
native sage brush, feeding on the young shoots and checking the
growth, -hile the insect is a native and usually preset, this -as
the first time it has been observed as damaging cultivated plants
near 1,ianzanar, Inyc County.


OMOT THRIPS (Thrins tabaci L.)


Sebraska


N. H. Svwenk (July 25-August 25): -he onion thrips appeared this
sumeVr in the alfalfa fields in the valley north of Harrison, Siux
County, -where it is apparently interfering very seriously -:ith the
prospective alfalfa seed yield, by blasting the alfalfa blossoms.


3LC,, BLI.TR 32BE -_ (E5oic.auta p enns,vl van -ica DeG.)


1'ebraska


. H. S-enk (July 25-August 25): The small black blister beetle
vas reported as comrvmn, but doing no great damage, in an alfalfa
field in Saunders County during the second -,-eek in August.


A '- ?I rPOD (Fclydesmus serratus)


:e ebraska


E. H. S-7enk (July 25-.agust 25): The myriapcd Pclydesmus serratus
appeared in unusual abundance in the alfalfa and small grains
fields of Merrick and York Counties duri.":. the last v.eek in July,
Where it attracted attention by migrating at night in large numbers,
and hiding in the daytime under grain sh.,cks, or any other objects
on the ground.


CLO\CF.

CLOVER SEED HIDGE (Dasyneura le -u i:,n.ic :l- Lintn. )


Idaho


C. 7,keland (July 29): Very destructive in clover seed fields in
smuth-7estern Idaho this season. In the Emmett .and Nen- Plymouth









-c 0-


L.Q.'0


i"ississippi


districts. i- per cent 'of the fir;t crop of seed was destroyed in
some ;.Jstances and tho o in. all fields wvj.s hea -.. Infestation
is Tret only on 2-.year-.il! fi-ids, amounting probably to not more
than 10 per cent in fields seedt in 1926.

CLOfu*. APHID (Anurm-his bakeri Cowan)

C. Wakeland (July 29):; Clover fields unusually heavily infested
this season forced many growers to cut the first crop for hay and
to try to produce seed on second crop. iany fields so handled
are in their second seed year and-will produce little seed on sec-
on)d crop so tnat the, clover aphiid is responsible for a heavy re-
ductioin of seed yicld. Also, on-first-yer crops second crop se-
wl11 probably be lii-"t because of prolon .- cocl cloudy weather
fol on/ ing the cii.L _---'4I
following the clppi of th1e firct ro vhic rcr.itted second
crop to start ri iir jedi!tely and furaish food and protection
for surviving aphids. There will be much "honeydewed" EE., t.is
fall.

GRAS S

A SPITTLE I-JSCT (Lewyronia r: iro.nunhris San)

R. W. Harned (August 22); At the pr sent time the work of spittle
insects is conspicuous on JoU:Aon grass -nd numerous other ol.nnts
in the vicinity of the A. & .. Collc ,-. Possibly .-re than one
species is at work, but the only species so far rearci to the
adult sta_,e has been identified as Lepyronia ouar-nf-7!aris.


D EC IDUO US- FRTT IT I N S EC TS

>. 1^ ~ Z ^-.l.~ J .I-'-J :- LI -


APHIIDAE


South Dakota


H. C, Severin (August 0); .any species of aphids have been unusu-
ally abundant tils year. The year as a ",hole has been wetter and
cooler than u.J'Jal,


A GASSHO--t: (Scistocerca venusta Scudd.)


California


0, E. ssig (-ugst 15): ,hra -e in Paradise Valley to orchards,
pear trees in particular


JAP:."--^3 i-3.ZirL (r- 1 ll a ia Z'onica Le'-m..)


J2" Jcr-cj


L. B3, Smith (A, ,ust 30): The 4apaneze beetle has been found this
summer at the following. points outside the regulated area: -ilks-
tI-rr, Lcln._iton and .' ttysburg, Pa,; 32.1timore, C,.-ibrid-e and
C0:..L.peake City, id,; 7'ton, Del,; '"',is ..iL ton, D. C.; Linden-
hurst (L. I.) and yack, N. Y.; .-iid Brid,.eport, Conn. A fewv in-










dividual teutles have ben founa in scvural frui ht yar.. oatsilc
the r. there in or on cars of non-agricultural frci ht from the heavily
infested districts, whilee it is not practicaQbl to chane the
quarantine line during the scouting sueson, proviui1 is maCde to
restrict the movement of any nursery stock or farm products from
the outside points when the be.tlu has oeen found rcntly estab-
lished. Most of the finds outside the reuglatud arua hUavI t a
far occurred in bailt up Tesidenti'- areas. Cold, rainy v0a1tur
during August retarded the activity of the beetl-s, and-as r,-
sult in greatly reducing thu natural scored of thu insect c.urin-
1927.

iMonthly Letter, Bur. Ent., Lo. 159 (July, 1927): After havin- been
colonized for thruec years in the Japanese buetlt area, the sinfle-
generation dexiid parasite Prosona sibcrita has finally bun recov-
ered at the I'Aoorsctown, F. J., colony center. This is the third
imported parasite of the Japanese beetle to have bcWn recovered,
the other t':'o being thu tachin'id Centeter cinere2a, 'u: hich ustroys
the beetles, and the scoliid Tiphia popillivora, attacking the
grub stagr.

Monthly :cv-.s Letter, Bur. Ent., No.159 (July, 1927): In thle pres-
ent season the colonizations of Prosena siberita, Ochrome" p"nia
ormioides, Tiphia vurnalis, and thu so-c.ll- ".Ja..- :'-. -I-
ge" 'Ti- ia have bebn much lar-ur a.nd more satisfactory than in
former years, This achievement has been duu in large measuru to
the excellence of thu shipments from Japan, and to the gr-.-ual
improvement in the technique of handling at thu rucuiving station,

THE ANO-LrLA (Aem 'It oriental is Vaterh.)

ic'" York Mionthly Letter, Bur. Eht. No. 159 (July, 19?7): Shipments of Decia
ventralis, a Korean fly attacking a number of scarabaeid larvae,
ar. a Tiphia attacking Anomaia, 'jk.re recently sent from the station
at Riverton, N. J. to H. C. .Hallock, at 'J7ustbury, L.I., for trial
colonization in th, territory infested vWith the oriental Ano ..'!-:.
and Aserica. .

... REI SPI]DER (Tetranvchuis telarius L.)

Idaho C. "-keland. d(July 29): .Th... attack of the red soider is coming later
than usual in orchards but it iisnow sevru.. Prunu trees are being
rapidly defoliated and spraying for control is being done. Since
early spring it has been abundant aromu-d house foundations and in
gardens, c'usi;g severe injury to flowers and orna unta:ls.

-APPLE

APss.C stInt (,A phis om)i SeGr.)

',cei York C. x.. Crosby c: assistants (July 15): Serious infestatins havu









-270-


been found all over the State. .!n'7 .--ro-ers are applying special
control measures. In -n.-;-ral the- infestations on -ear are liAht.
The fruit on bearin, trees is being attacked. (A',v.ist 13): Inju-
ry from the green tople aphid has been common thro-r--out the State
At the present time, b-co'se of the activity of parasites and pre-
dators, little damage is being done. -Tile this certainly was an
outbreak year the damage in general was not quite so serious as
in 1918. Commercial orchards shcv- some blackening of the fruit
and leaves but it is not likely that much fruit is deformed or ".'ill
be blhcksnd up by harvest.

Indiana B. A. Porter (August 27): The severe infestations reported last
month have mostly subsided, after the aphids had caused severe
damage in many orchards,

Idaho C. Wakeland (July 29): The apple aphid is much more abundant in
all apple orchards this season than usual. Noticeably few para-
sites present,

ROSY APPLE APHID (Anurnphis roseus Baker)

Idaho C. Wakeland (July 29): Heaviest infestations of this aphid in ap-
ple orchards that have occurred for at least seven years. They
r,.mained on the trees until July 1 in some instances and caused
a great many shrunken and deformed apples.

0OOLLY APPLE APHID (Eriosoma lani -er=m Hausm.)

Indiana J. J. Davis (August I): The woolly apple aphid is abundant throuh-
out the State but apparently of no economic importance regardless
of its frequent occurrence.

H. K. Riley (.,.u ust 20): The woolly apple aphid was reported from
Liberty August 6.

IGD-.TZSD CATERPILLAR (Schizura concinna S. 5 A.)

:.assachusetts A. I. 3ourne (.-/,'st 18): 7c -humpa^ caterpillars have bezan to
make their appearance ani their conspicuous work has been the
cause of numerous co-irplaiits. From our observations to date I
should figure they were about normal in abundance, infestation not
being so serious as was the case last year.

CODLI.TG : ,,.. (Cjr c-ic -o romr, onolla L.)

T.iliana J. J. Davis (Aur.ist 1): The weather during July was ideal for cod-
lin,--;:.oth developmr-ient, and the infestation in southern Indiana is
.-i7-in threatening

B. A. Porter (Au-ust 27): 77eather conditions continue unfavorable
to the raoid development of the codlin.-, moth. indications are








-271-


Georgia


Illinois














Idaho


New York


Pennsylvania


that the third brood will be extremely light, In orchards where
the sprayiag has been-poorly done the worms are moderately abun-
dant, but growers who have sprayed with reasonable thoroughness
have had very much less difficulty in controlling the worms than
was experienced iii 1925 and 1926.

R. M. Seeley (July 29). The codling moth is doing unusually hea-
vy damage to apples in northern Georgia.

7. P. Flint (July 19): Adults of the second brood codling moth
started emerging in southern Illinois about July 6, Ermergence
has been rather slow in this section. In central Illinois, emer-
gence started on July 14. According to our observations at pres-
ent, the conditions in the commercial orchards of the State are
much better than was the case one year ago. The weather of the
season has been favorable to the development of the codling-moth
larvae and considerably greater effort has been made on the part
of orchardists to keep down this insect. In poorly sprayed or-
chards, however, the present infestation, which is by first brood
larvae, will run from 10 to 18 per cent, according to figures
gathered by Mr. Bigger in the orchard sections of western Illi-
nois.

C. Takeland (July 29): The late, cool season caused an exception-
ally light infestation of first-brood larvae. First-brood larvae
are still emerging in large numbers from the apples, which means
there will be a late infestation of second-brood larvae. Because
of spray-residue problem most growers will not spray after August
1, so it appears probable that there will be a heavy infestation
of late worms.

APPLE A;DiTD THOPLT SKELET0DTIZER (Hemerophila parin/r Clerck)

C. R. Crosby and assistants (Aug'2st 16): The infestation in the
Hudson Valley is confined almost exclusively to neglected or-
chards. Even here the infestation is light. Inj-irv' is noticea-
ble in the southern part of 7ayne and Monroe Counties. Many or-
chards which are neglected or poorly cared for are found infested
in Tompkins, Cayum, Cortland, IMadison, Schuyler, Steuben, Seneca,
Ontario, and Yates Counties,

3ASTEP2: TENT CATERPILLAR (:'alacosoma americana Fab.)

F. F. Smith (August): In Philadelphia vicinity, the species con-
tinued to be present in large numbers during 1927. Some reason
for this should be found. From material reared out during 1925
it would seem that secondary parasites were a factor in limiting
the numbers of primary parasites











AP-NLE iA'GG6T (iha roletis po.nonella ,alsh)


_..assachusetts







IT.- York


::l ssachus etts



Connecticut


C.hio


'.." 'i as


L'ississippi


A. I. Bourne (-Au. -.st 1s): Th. rail.r-'i 7orm to date does not a-
'ear to 'be .;te so ab2_uiant as last year; neverthe1es, ear;-,
varieties of fr-uiLt 7hich are tsi: -- harvested show' cosiderabl2
infestation. It is a little too early to forecast --t croiLtion
will be on the main ahd late season varieties. Jugin:- fro.a the
flies it will not be quite so severe an infestation.

C. Crosby and assistants (Aug'st 16): rT;:r>e~ce of flies stor-
p-! abc)u.it Aufoast 6 in the KHudson River Valley :T.rgence start
later this year than common and'according to records made from
flies 'taker in cages the -2: of .he .emer -:ice Was r he about
July 26 in the C:.-v:.plain Vallcv, about July .156 to 22 in G-reene
County, I" ILe in Orange aU. Ulster Counties flies were found
most C *:,:-ly to' :-,ds the end of J'jy .

APPLE LAFrXP .FSS (>.-- scr- mali L -1. et al.)

A. I. Bourne (A t 18): Apple leafhopW :rs have sho'n themsel-
ves to be considerably more abundant t'. usual and in some or-
chr'is are causinL a considerable amount of c h ..
Philip C'&i-'n (August 24): The apple leafhopper is reported to
be very- bai in several orchards in 14e-7 Eaven. County,

7. -. `>enen!'-a! (August 9) lthe apple leafhopoer is quite bad
in the nurseries in south'-estern Chio and does some d-.,a.e to
the leaves,

LrA? CTF'PLIZ7 (I.`neola indigenella nebulels Riley)

5. L. Parker (A'uxr'st 3): The leaf crumpler has '-:-i-o re:orttdE at-
tacking apple.

B. -. THr:.-i (Au -'.i't 22): A,-re leaves injured '" the a-pple leaf
cr7'u..er v-ere -received frtr, "m"est Piont on July 30 and from .ule-
vilie on Aiulc)st !


A C-7'."*". 3KL:ID 7-7 7: (B e lont-tr-ls riCToees Cliv.)


I. I. uc-'an (July 2S): A., small a-.aunt of in urv, fror. this in-
sect ras fox.i. on apple fruits in several Qrchbrds.
.". 7L.--- 7 .... 7 C --% r. ."
.YTLL '-'1,' APPLE CA, TRFILLAP (EA.t.-rna liistr- Drury)

J. J. Davis (Au. u-t 1): The '.,ellow-ncke-El apple caterpillar 7.as
common on apple at "illiaripport July 26.


Indiana


Iew York:


1.







-L75-


Ind iana


Connecticut


lTe" York




Delaware


M ssachusetts








Connecticut


New York


California


C2CROPIA ::' -(Samia c.crmiia L.)

H. K. Riley (Aup1.st 20): Lar-ae of Saria cenro-'oia stripped leaves
on an apple tree at Shec_,enoa

-'.OP2AA\T BED -ITE ( e -,it''s 2osC. &: '. )

Philip C-arran (August 24): Some apple orchards shove; serious bro7n-
ing of fo1ia4e, 'eiinter e-ggs arc boing laid rap-idly.

C. P. Crosby and assistants (August 16): injury from this pest is
more serious than last year. TNe!lected or poorly sprayed orchards
show distinct bronzing of the leaves. Injury to applIc i's more
cotuoD eand serious in the Hudson SRiver Valley.

H. L. Dozier (Ju3y1 20): The ETrop-ean red mite is very abundant in
several commercial apple and peach orchards near Camden and '-
ark. Leaves were grayed by this date.




PEAR PSYLL. (Psvl2a py L.)

A. I. bourne (August 18): The pear psylla has been unusually
abundant thro,:.nut the entire State this season. As I stated
in one of my earlier reor0ts, we encountered such unfavorable
weather conditions that the early sprays rhich ordinarily hold
this pest ir, check w-ere of co.r-"a-.aively little value, so that
the pest has persisted in considerable abundance throughout the
sLmmer,

Philip Garian (August 24): A very severe outbreak throughout the
State. The growers have obtained good control.

C. BR. Crosby and assistants (August 13): Serious injury has been
reported from all p..r-- i ''ing sections in thle State. It is an
outbreak year. Partial defoliation of trees and considerable
smut ting-of fruit and foliage is a common: sight. "here two V-:"'!s
have given control for the past two or three years, it has been
necessary to apply about four sp-rars to give control this season.

BJ-T THRIPS (HeliothriJos fasciatus Perg.)

T. D. Urbahins (July 19): On July 19 the bean thrips 7as anpear-
ing in great numbers on pe-ir trees in the Uonticello district,
aThp Coun-ty, "here they had severely marked the fruit and caus-
ed dr:i-g of the foliage during the season of 1926,
E. 0. ssig (Ausast 15): Produced a blackening of the leaves lo-
cally known as '"black leaf." i, Han-y ear trees parti -.!!y or en-
tirely d o._iated, which h e-.Coses the fruit to sunburn.








.274-


Chio


>alifornia


1Z.- SLUG (C-_li oa ce sij L.)

E. 7. ,Menreih2l (".u^ust 23): The cherry and pear trees on the city
lots, cccially in a:', are badly infest-d with alues.




F .-. 'H TVIG Bc:'S (ikaarsia lineatella Zell.)

T. D. Urbahns (July 22): On July 22 field observations made in con-
nection with the peach twig borer in the 'i-:-e caanini cch cen-
ters of Sutter and Yuba Counties show that the infestation is un-
usually light during the present season, most of the orchlards be-
ing practically free from larvae at the present time.


02,IZTAL FRUIT MOTH (Las-evresia rl-_ st- Eusc":)


Connecticut






New York



Del"- re


e ryland



Georgia


Philip Garman (August 24): A 'eL.,ral increase in abualance of the
orien'6l peach moth has been noted in ."- .-ven, -nirfield, and
Hartford Counties. The insect, 7hile not .rore at','jinrt in any one
orchard, shows a general increase ?nd occurs in abundance in more
orchards th-,n heretofore. Mcre:-than 50 -er cent of the second
brood parasitized by fe.g'cent:uis sp,

C. R. Crosby and assistants (August 13): Injury to the tips of
shoots of peach is fairly corn-non in Dutchess, Ulster, Oraae, aand
Rockland Counties, 7ruit injury is bPcoring apparent

H. L. Dozier (August I): 7ormy fruit from orittatal peach moth work
is coranodi on peaches.

A. L. q'uaintance (Augst 29): Earlier in the speson very heavy t-ig
infestation was obsc:*':e-d but due to cool weather the brood that
should be infesting #ruit now did little damage.

0. I. Snapp (July 28): The heaviest infestation that has been re-
corded in this State to date was observed tod-ay at the c-r--ia -
periment Station. Seventy-five per cent of the twigs in a variety
peach orchard showed either old or fresh oriental e0erch moth work.
In this orchard are varieties of oes3.'-s that ri-oen u': to the time
of frosts, and nearby arc apples and pearso ".se late fruits
have evidently furnica .ed a host for the lst. -ci:eration. A corm-
mercial rpench orchard 2 miles east of -.-r.pton sho-ed an avera.e in-
festation of 20 per cent of the twigs 6a tbis date, Som'e of th-
trees in this orchc._i have as hi-Ih as 90 per cent of the t-ic_ in-
jured, while the injury on others -"as as lo- as 5 per cent. _-ruit
from this :Lchard h]- i also shown a number of larvae. There -ere
apple ,iers :'&joinin;-. and doubtless these furnish.:1 hosts for the
late gcn '"ra i" von. r,' Ihe ot-ierntal p'.ac.--moth infestation
in this c-:,..r:icrcial orchard is Lhrce t.it- as great this'.year as last
H: L. '- zier (Cepton T r 1): Serious d- .,,-e to :-,?-. c s in -ridEc-
ville section the orientac.l :t.- ch moth. T?.-rre re a --:'.-,ntly t.'o
"'I.I -' 1 s. "














Delaware


Geor gia


N'ew York


E. W. Mendenhall (Auo.st 2D>: 'ohe orie-utal peach molth is auite bad
in Month .)[mcry CouLty this year.

PLlU CT ROTrLIO (Conotrachelu'q nem"1}-. ITst.)

E. L. Dozier (A'>-izt l): ormy fruit from the c-rci'io on pe-cP s
is common.

R. M. Seeley (July 29): Plum curculio infestation has been renor*-
ed as heavy on each throughout the State.



LESER PEACH BOPER (Sesia -o'ctpp & R.)

E. 7. :e.idenhall (!Auist 9): 1 find a number of cherry trees in
Col-.mbus affected with the lesser peach borer.

SHOT-HOLE BORE2 (.colvtu-as rugaulsus Ratz. )

,tuckrnan (Augiast 4): Serio-;is inj-ary has been found in a young
cherry orchard which 7as aipgareitl; in sood health.


PAC: BORER (Aegeria exitiosa Say)


Idaho


California


C. r-Eceland (July 29):: The peach borer has been very destructive
to prune orchards in the Boise--ieridian district this spring.

BAC-3ERPRY AkND LOGA!TBDRY

3] ..A.T_ .Y ",-'-. ( _:l _-'-" sp. )

E. 0. Essig (Aj,-';.3t 15)P The blackberry mite ,as found not only on
Himalaya blackberry, but for the first time on IBammr.outh b] -,c:ber-
ries and logunberries.


IRASPYRAiY .PJIT (B-:tturus unicolor Say)


Washington


J. F. Graf (,Tuly 2.): Sever7l days -.!o -e learned that cor-,-rcial
Ca=cca.5 7ere rejecting locanbsrries in Kcnt and ---.yallup districts,
on account of worm infes't;ion, Pequested immediate investigation
by Seattle and they now report all lo-anber fields in i,-'lluo
and Kent districts cuite badly infested, varying fro;i slight to 7
per cent, Further reports indicate serious infestation in -*o
Island. -verett, and Eellintta-- districts, Canners in ali distr-
icts refusing lots except tmuse en,;irely free from wo-yms. :very
one greatly concerned on account of probability of complete fi-.'i-
cial loss, :enry *'o''ers :ve stopped ici a rjectd lots ar-
being 1-eld by g'c:-, ai can.'es with disposition undecided, ObD
nations have so far sho-n no -,rj berries being barreled. Undou'-

















Dela'are


Ohio


South Daicta


ecil-' others will att-7.,pt pr-ssia- voriny mxnterial for juice jelly
mnak4i-n,-. !.'6ut t,-. "ieekr of the season still remains.

GP :,FE

GC-iAF LiJ.-:.,F::, (Er-throaeura c.-:,es Say)

H. L. Dozier (Jul; W3C): Tho'r ,-rapo Icafhopper is noT b?co:in; -7.?er
abundant in a number of cor.jreicial vineyards. -is n:.-st has beer
present this season on.y in limited numbers, in r'- contrast
to last season when they caused graat da-age andi wurr.-. by their
vast nmubers.

E. .. ::enwern--all (Au-gust 9): I find t-:: -ape lc-ofhopper -eneral
over the State again this year.

H. C. Severin (August 8): The grape leafhoppers ;re present in ur
usual abundance in eastern So;l1 Dakota.


GRP P..'LLC X:'A ( Phlcxea -itifoliae Fitch)


South D -:,ota


Ohio


Arizona


H. C. Severin (August 8): Ihe grape phylloxera is present in us-
ual abu-:da-nce,

.UTPTE BERRY MOTH (FP'T:chrJ3is ;i n-m-a Clem)

L. Dozier (Au mist 4): The -pe berry roth is threatening the
total loss of this year's crop of gra :-es on two commercial vine-
yards near Dover. 1This insect has Just becma: to attract atten-
tion in this State during the past tvo seasons and promises to
become an outstanding -rapoe pest. This season the .,.* larvae
first started hatching about June 23 a.-d pt-.:ti bet-'een July 20
and 30. By tLhe ltter date, fetw worms were left in berries and
on Au-"st 4 the first adults cr-oneared for the second generation,

G5APP L;:. S7EL;T 77T-. (!Hrrisiana anericana --r.

E. W. 'i:ecndenhall ( Au.ist 13): I find an outbr-:o' of this pest it
Hi a',; countyy.


G-RAP COLASPIS (Cos-s3is brunnea Thb.)


Arizona iT"'-s Letter (July 31): Grape leaves were ba-.ly eaten and
rcrforated by the grape loaf beetle, in several l-':ces in the
Salt Ei-.'er "'lley. Probably the most severe injury "-as noted in
a small planting servi; as an ar'-or.


A .I. (- -- othrrs reut 7ri 1:.71)


California


,7. ',aLns (J-ily 8): COI Jut" 8 :-*-:ial field observations wer(
...,e to det:r:..i.e the ibmu;T.ice of rr?-athrios r.uteri U"el.


-27T-







-277-


in the Sacramento, Elk Grove and Lodi grape districts where it
severely injured grapes in 1926. 'No indication of in jr-r-.' during
the season of 1927 up to date.

PEC'AT

PECAT LEAF CASE B7-.7R (Acrobasis nebulella Riley)

Alabama J. R. Robinson (August 16): Acrobasis nebulella is particularly
active in Baldwin and mobilee Counties attacking pecan trees.

HI:._-'. :"r7 CTY.CULIO (Conotrachelus affinis Boh.)

lississippi R. '. Harned (August 22): Pecans that had fallen fror:- a Stuart
pecan tree at Sunflower on July 23 -ere found to contain larvae
or grubs of curculios belonging to the genus Conotrachelus. This
may be the hickory nut curculio, Conotrachelus affinis.

FLAT-HEADED APPLE-IE. Z BOP3- (Chrysobothris ferrorata 0liv.)

Arizona Arizona Hews Letter (July 31): The flat-headed borer Ws found
to have completely girdled some young pecan trees in a planting
northeast of Phoenix. The trees were two years old from plant-
ing and bore evidence of having been attacked by the insects d--
ring the first season in the orchard.

-AL_3JT CAT`:FPILL2. (Datana integerrima G. &. R.)

Georgia R. M. Seeley (July 29)L The black walnut caterpillar has been
reported as unusually abundant throughout the State, especially
on pecan and hickory trees.

A CHYS0::ELID E:ETL: (ILetciroms. pallidum Say)

Alabama R. 7. Harned (August 22): On April 3, I. -. C. Price, formerly
connected with the Plant Board of 1iississippi, mailed to us some
beetles collected on pecan at mobilee. These insects were mailed
to Dr. L. 0. Hoard, and were deter .ii.i-: by 2 S. Fisher as
Hetachroma oallidtm.

JIGS S

SAI JOSE SCA"LE (-spidiotus perniciosus Comrst.)

Georgia Snapp and S-ingle (August 2): The San Jose scale has been found
on the fruit of fig bushes in numbers sufficient to cause consid-
erable darrage. The insect apparently is not attacking the bush
itself, but only the fruit. Spots on the fruit caused by this
insect have been noticed for several years.





LiBRARY
oTATE PLANT OARD









-273-


A. -'-T.,3TJG (PseUdococcus sp.)


:!ississiyppj.


K. L. Cockerham (Auniat 16): This insect is very a'c-n.lFnt at this
season of the v-7-r on figs. "e have had quite rainy weather this
summer which hi-s no doubt been rec-s'onsible for the g--eat number of
these insects. There is rarely a summer passes tVat we do not
have some of them.


A DA PXLI3.- 7EETLZ (iIeto-ponium abnorme Lec.)


3alifornia


T. D. Urbahns (July 21): E. P. Roullinrd reported dar_.liin; beetles
4Aetoponium abnormal attacking figs on the drying trays in :resno
County. Damage '- reported as quite severe. On July 14, dark-
ling beetles were very abundant in the apricot drying yards in
the vicinity of :h-rced and feeding on the fruit.


CITRUS

CITR-JS THRIPS (Euthirips citri :iIoulton)


California


Z. A. -cGregor (August 7): The citrus thrips is unusually severe
this year. I.any unsorayed groves are shoTing thrips scarring to
the extent of 60 to 80 per cent of the crop. The resulting low-
ering of the grade will mean a v ery material loss to growers 7ho
failed to follow proper control practice. Eve groves the spray-
ing of which was ill-timied are going to pay the penAlty this year.


AT A.41 (Solenopsis sp.)


Talifornia


:iionthly 'e'-s Letter of the Los Angeles Hortic. Cor-. (August 15):
A medium sized bi-color ant, Solenopsis sp., comr.only kno-n as the
fire ant on account of the burning sensation resulting from its
bite, has, according to H. -:. Armitage, De-put: Horticultural Com-
missioner, Los Angeles County, recently been observed as causing
serious injury to tree citrons in the La Habra Heights section
east of Thittier. Approximately six acres of five-year old trees
were found to be infested, the ants feedin, on the blossoms and
stems of newly setting fruit as well as on the bark of some of
the smaller and ..ore tender branches. The mrzaaFer for the prop-
erty stated that practically the entire first crop of fruit for
this season had already been destroyed. Tnile this ant is of more
or less general distribution throuniout southern California, and
is rather omnivorous in its feeding habits, this is the first rec-
ord of its being injurious to an economic host in this country.
Control measures are beinzv worked out by the oTunty Horticultural
Commissioner's Office in cooperation with the o-ner's aCents,










-275-


GRASSHOPPERS (Acrididae)

Arizona News Letter (July 31): Gresshoppers were found to have
injured citrus trees during July. Cases were observed There the
- --jor part of the foliage had been eaten away by the grasshoppers.
In several instances the t'7igs and branches were girdled by the
eating habits of the hoppers.

CICADA (Species undetermined)

Arizona News Letter (July 31): Cicadas injured a number of new-
ly set citrus trees in a number of plantings in the Salt River
Valley. The injury is caused by the female cicada in the act of
depositing e ,-s in the young tender ttigs. Sometimes the twig
growth is entirely killed but more often it so weakened that it
easily breaks at the point of injury.


Arizona


Arizona












'RUC.K- CROP IN SECT S


STALK 3BORER (Paioaipema nebris nitela Guen. )


3onn octicut


indiana


illinois

















South
Dakota


WV. E. Britton (Au--ust 24): The stalk borer has been reported from
T-u.,-ull, Hamden, Eif--ar.un, Salem, South Britain, :crth haven, and
Pamfret. It attacks dahlias as -vell as corn.

P. J. Chapman (July 25): From the number of speci.-nz. sc-nt in and
from observations made in various parts of the State, th.e coremon
stalk borer appears to be much tore common and injirious this sea-
son than last. It has been reported attac'i nuirc- ous zinrds of
plants.

J. J. Davis (July 30): Tr-h stalk borer continues as a comf.,on pest
The zpecicn:,_ no-r being received are noticeably larger :ani lack
the conspicuous stripes of the younger larvae. Reports since July
20 have come from Fierceton, Ft. T7ayne, Hartsville, Rich'-.ona, La
Farette, Bos-,7ell, AXm^oy, Log.an-zsort, and Liberty. 7nile most of
the reports indicate corn as the host, a fe7 reports relate to to-
mato, beans, and hollyhock, etc.

h. !. Riley (August 20): stalk borer continues to be a common
pest, the larvae sent in bein,- almost full-.r o-.-.n. Reports have
co:Te in from several localities since ..j-ust 1.

71. P. Flint (July ) .... ten to fifteen letters concerniIr. this
insect have been received daily for the past month or six ,7eeks.
In several sections of the State, particularly t.e northcentral
'art, the insect is certainly considerably more a--:.u-lz.-t than usual
Examinations of the marginal ro>'s of corn-.:'ields in central Illinois
show7 a dar,-. -e of from 2 to 20 per cent caused '- this insect, in
"most cases only a sw.Il fraction of one per cent of the corn is in-
jured in the center of the field. In sone cases, '.c--:er, *'here
fields v'ere quite -r--sy and -eeay in the fall of 1926, d :-.ace by
thinL insect wouldd be found all c --.. the field. The -.r--e are ap-
nroachin7 '-.turity in the souther -t of the State. (.-ust IS):
Specimens of this insect are still -'.ing receive. in c.:siderable
numbers, and from a very aido variety of plants. Th'. l-,rvae are
practically full-g-ro,-n at the .: escnt time, but s nomae haove been
found to date.

H. C. Severin (&u>ust S): ".-.le the common stalk borer vas probab]
unusually ,.;...t this year, ma.:.. of our inquiries are aue to pub-
licity of the Dir: pean corn bor: .r.

C. .Sullian (July 2Q): i. stalk borer has scc' unur-ually bad
tircu'-d,.,ut the entire Stat Its att, c: o: -r..i:-'_r ccr-', has been















:Tebraska


very noticeable and due to the fact that farmers are on the lco.Cout
for the European corn borer, -me receive from one to twelve speci-
mens almost every day.

M7. H. S,-enk (J.uly 25-August 25): During the period covered by this
report, the presence of the stalk borer in both field corn and
sTweet corn stalks has been very frequently reported. These reports
have. come from the same area as the complaints of injury mentioned
in my last report. About g5 per cent of the complaints that have
been received since July 25 have related to infestation of corn-
stalJs, the rest to miscellaneous thick-stemmed plants,including
certain :weeds such as sunflo-,er and -ild hemp. Thi- specimens sent
in during the past -;eek have been mostly pupae rather than full-
gro--n larvae as .7zs previously the case.


3LI7T,-R EETL.C (Meloidae)


..aryland


leorgia


indiana



.d abam?,



,eorgia



Indiana







Ohio



South
Dakota


J. A. Hyslop (august 29): Severely damaging Swiss chard in Mont-
gomery County.

R. M. Seeley (July 29): Blister beetles, especially Epicauta
pennsylvanica DeG. and E. vittata Fab., have been unusually abund-
ant.
H. K. Riley (August 20): Blister beetles r'ere found feeding on
dahlias at North Vernont, July 29, and on potatoes and tomatoes at
Columbus, August 5-

J. :. Robinson (August 1): Blister beetles continue to *be abundant.

IIARGI1rD BLISTER BEETLE (E-picauta cinerea marginata Fab.)

0. I. Snapp (August 11): These blister beetles are very abundant
and doing considerable damage to tomatoes and Irish potatoes at
Smarrs.

J. J. Davis (August 1): Blister beetle: All seen are margined
blister beetles, reported damaging potato at Mempton, July 27,
and during the past few days, da';-,iL_., various vegetables and
flower gardens.

Y.ITE GR-BS (Phyllophaga spp.)

E. W. Miendenhall (August 5): There are many complaints of f-:.mc.de
to strawberry plants by the white grubs this year, Th2:J strawberry
beds being ruined.

H. C. Severin (Aueust 9): Reports of damage by white grubs to
strawberry over scattered areas have been reported.








-2 32-


TAR!TI T- PL.-'T 3U3 (Lyz'as -pratensis L.)

e York P. J. Chapman (July 50): Serious injury to i;sceptible crops has
been reported from all parts of the State. It is likely that this
pest is nore common than last ;,'car.

mTR ."'-. :S (Elateridae)

Idaho C. 7:-..'--land (July 23): As usual, duri--,-T cool, moist vrrr, ire-
:eorms have beein more destructive and have caused injury lo:,gcr this
season than o- the avera-e. Th-y are a serious limiting' factor in
the production of corn, potatoes, ,-:-: beans es-pecially, in many lo-
calities, and are causi:" havoc -ener:-ly in gardens.

POTATO JD TOMATO

COLORDO PT-0-. 3BZZTLE (Leptinotersa dc se.-.linesta Say)

Idaho C. 7akeland (July 29): T-Jo outbreaks of the Colorado potato beetle
have been combated in southern Idaho this season. QCa.breaks in
1924 and 1925 had been sta.-.ped out and the same mi-thods employed
then have bee follo--ed this sc-son. The lar-e commercial produc-
tion areas of southern Idaho are free from this pest a..d all con-
cerned are endeavoring to keep the-I so. Farmers, the State Depart-
ment of Ariculture, and the'University of Idaho are cooperatin in
the -orj. Experiec-te leads us to believe that if ,-e kn:,., of the in-
festation soon ; uh t-e c.. stamp it out completely and keep L
so.t'ern Idaho free fron: -otato bur's indefinitely Investir:tlonc
arc being made to do..: i -.e the *c.rc:. of infestation.

TO0:_ ; ;C;I: (Protoparce fe:-t, Johan.

Illinois C. C. ompton (.ugust 12): ..e tomato --orm is more imCrous than
usual. No severe injury is bei.-,- done bec'.uJs of 1'.h- h'.',y gro-ith
of tomato vines this year. :'rasites are noticeDsVI absent.

,SSER BULB FLY (s....ri stri.-',t.s Fall*:)

,a.-i.tbon R.L. :ebster (.--iuust 3): D.-;:a' e to a 4-acre potato field -.as re-
ported by Elmer Z. Os :.rn, Ferndale, to the Experiment Station at
Pullian. I visited this field July 21 in c many *:ith C. F. Dou-
cotte, of the Bureau. In no case did .;e find -y.v :!.!.--ots in gro7-
i ,- tubers, -alt..,u -. _!.n.nrous larvae -'-ere r c -. in tL... old rotti"'
seed pieces. This field -;as located -c:eral miles frcm ann. com-
mercial obulb pl r. tings.

CT.-TO 1-' D (Ilir. .ia --I ,.1if lii Aehm.)

,7 York C. R. Crosby o..l assistant (Jul. 1 5): On I.:'.1 a number of
imprt_ -i.t infestations have been fou-;..i and control ma-n:iures are

















South
Dakota


being applied. It seems likely that serious loss vrill result.
moderately serious infestations have been found in Orange and
Ulster Counties.

POTATO LEAF:-OPPB (EI.oa-c:; fabae Harr.)

H. C. Severin (August 8): Injury by the potato leafhopper is
usually severe over the State and this year is no c-c:'tion.


I TD CABBAE 2i (Pieris raae L)
n~FChT;DCABBAGE Ch:(Pieris rai-ae L.)


Ohio


Indiana


Illinois





Ge orgia


i. ssouri



Al abama



.i ssi s sippi


E. 7. iendenhall (August 1i): The cabbage butterfly is very bad
this year again and doing considerable d:-,.ige to cabbage over the
State.

H. K. Riley (August 20): Cabbage wvorms v7ere reported from Indian-
apolis August 1.

C. C. Compton (August 10): The imported cabbage vorm is no'! ap-
pearing in large numbers about three -weeks later than usual in the
Chicago trucking district.

:'LEUUIN BUG (imurgantia histrionica Hahn)

R. E. Seeley (July 29): The harlequin bug is unusually abundant
thro-ubhout the State and doing serious da-e.

K. C. Sullivan (July 29): -{any reports from the southern part of
M'lissouri are being received for assistance ,-ith the harlequin bug
which is unusually abundant at this time.

L. W. Brannon (August 12): This insect is continuing to be one of
the worst pests in this district (Birmingham), and adults and
n-iymphs are doing serious d:rr-.-e to collards, cabbage, and turnips.

R. W. Harned (Auguist 22): The harlequin bug continues to be quite
serious on cabbage and collard plants in different sections of the
State. On .Auust 12 specimens of this insect were sent to us from
Handsboro in Harrison County :ith the information that they had
completely destroyed a crop of collards. Serious damage to col-
lards -was reported at Starkville on August 10, Booneville on .-Aust
7, and Cravrford on August 19. Specimens collected on cabbage
'-ere received from Como on August 13.


CABBAGE LOOF (Autographa brassicae Riley)


Mississippi


R. W. Hamned (August 22): Specimens that have been tentatively
identified as the cabbage looper, Plusia-br,.-s-ic.- have been re-
ceived from two localities in Yazoo County, one locality in Humph-

















California


reys County, and one locality in hry County. In each case thep
"-:ere collected on cotton. One moth 7as rear and definitely de-
t-r-'i.>ed by Dr. D,,.:- as Plusia br ,sic\e.

FALSE CHI:'CH- BUG (ni".c vric-rc Schill.)

A. C. Davis (Au-iiust 1): i}2 bugs seem to be confined to fields in
-:hich the -,?eeds are still standing. Have detected them on cabbage
plants only as yet, outside of -:;eed fields. They occur in uncon-
trollable numbers.


DIAIC1iTD-BACK I:cr- (Plutella F.mcuhlirenni e ? Curt.)


R. L. P.-'rl:cr (August 1): This insect undoubtedly has been infest-
ir; cabbage in this locality (Eanhattan) for t'wo or three years.
It is the most serious pest for the gro'-ers at this time of the
year.


TURTIP *-C?; (Loxostege sp. ?)


Al..L. :: J-,.


J. IL. Robins-cn (Auadzt 1): The turnip -7eb::rrm is berinninfE to make
its appearance in destructive numbers in Conecuh Countt;,, attaclring
collards and cabb.-ie.


CABBAGE C ......r: (Hellula undalis Fab. )


'.i ssissippi


R. 7T. Harned (.;..-ust 22): Specimens of the cab':,-e- --,orm-*re
received on August 13 from Como 'v.-r:e th.-.,. -erc reported as dam-
ir:, cabbage plants.


CkJEi-c, AT"a'i D (re'.-ic,-r .v'. c 7.ra ':. c.-:': L. )


:e braskal


Y bra ska


iI. H. Swenk (July 25-August 25): Reports of inf i.. to early cab-
bage by the cabbage aphid came to ha,;d during l:-tc 7uly.

TIEI-P .j'11ID (Phiopalosi'.u psc:ulolr ssicae :'.vis)

H. H. Swenk (July J-..uf-nst 25): \.ri.- early August reports of
injury to early cabb .-e by the turnip aphid were receiv-ed.


-,"Y LLF ROL '(.c- ,.l"rohi.)
C,:. ,:".: 'Y LE.J ROLLI?:: (^.,c'.li ,^._,ot";^ Frohl,)


Nebraska


Idaho


H. H. Suenk (July 25-Aul-ust 25): TL. strawberry leaf roller -- s
found doing Thi-',-e in strawberry beds in Richz.rdson County la-te
in July.

C. >a'::land (July 29): The strawberry leaf roller is probably
tl': most .de--t'ructive pest of strawberries in I-.,o. It occurs in
all r-.rts of soutP-.er: Id-,o a:ni hac caulcd co-,lete loss in some
fields of small vi--.a.


.... L L" 'h g











A GELECHIID I.OTH (Anacampsis frarariella Eusck)


California


T. D. Urbalhns (July 12): On July 12 C. K. Turner reported western
strawberry leaf roller, Ancampsis fragariella, as destroying
strawberry plants at Alta, Placer County.


STEA'TB2ERY C"O-T RCi. (T':,r f ri iley)


ilebraska


;. H. Sw:enk (July 25-Aaugust 25): Strawberry beds in the vicinity
of Scribner, Dodge County, were found badly injured by the straw-
berry cro0-n borer during the second week in August.


STRA'"EBP.Y THTIT FLY (Trialeurodes ,.crrd'.'< Uorrill)


ITo r th
Carolina


,. A. Thomas (August 10): Practically every strawberry field in
this section (Chadbourn) shows a more or less heavy infestation of
this insect. Few adults are present at this time, whiile many of
of the older leaves are clustered, with developing young. -7,- plants
are showing no serious effects from the attack.


STRAD-BERRY ROOT APHID (g-phi s forbesi seed)


N'ebraska


i. H. S,,enk (July 25-August 25): The straw-berry root aphid was
reported damaging strawberry beds in the vicinity of Scribner,
lodge County, during the second :, week in August.


A T,,IRET'ORi. (Honocrepidius bellus Say)


North
Carolina


J. N. Tenhet (August 13): This tiny click beetle is present in
considerable numbers under dying strawberries. Stra-wberry plants
are being killed by drought and attacks of Paria canella, and it
is still undetermined whether or not Uonocreoidius bellus is also
attackin:- the strawberries.


TERMITES


1Worth
Carolina


T,. A. Thomas (August 22): This insect has been observed injuring
strawberry plants in many fields in this section (Chadbourn) dur-
ing the past month. The injury in most cases is confined to nwz-
ly-cleared fields where more or less decaying wood particles are
found.


SEA BETL (Eilacba corru-Sta us.
j '7 CA 3EAI1T BEST:lE nE 1ac La. c or rupt -ls


New York


Rodney Cecil (August 4): The Mexican bean beetle is in cw York
State at :Torth Collins and' Gowanda. The infestation at North
Collins is light but well established in a 15-acre field of refugee
green pods. Larvae, pupae, and newly emerged adults w-ere found.







-2g6-


Pennsylvania


Ohio


Jorth
Carolina


South
Carolina


ercorgia





alabama


J. F. Ho-ard (.Avust): The Mexican bean `-etle has beei found in
the western n part of the State.

T. F. Heard (Au-ust): The Me'ican bean beetle has been found
along the northern border and east',.ard to Tioga, Center, and Hunt-
ington Counties about half 'say across the State and alonr the
Icuthern c:r2er to Lancaster County.

J. N. Kr.ll (August 2): T'-_ Mexican bean beetle as found in some
of the northern and -,,'estern counties ;ihen a .urvey 2.s made.

. '7endenhall (A'6;v; 6): The M'exican bean beetle is doing a
lot of damage in Montgo, ej-.r and Miami Counties. .Iany of th? bean
patches are riddled. (av-ust 23): The Mexican bean beetle is very
abundant in Licki.: County and is as far north as Knox County. T12
-reatest destruction -,-'as done earlier in the seaso.n.

J. J. Davis (..rg-ust 1): Injury by the Mexican bean beetle has
been unusually severetlie past month. Reports come from Indianapolis
and Richmond on the north and from 0-,'en, Martin, and Du'.bis Counties
on the ,:est.

H. R. iley (Au.--ust 20): ihe Mexican bean beetle :-as reported
from El--ren July 30.

R. 7. Leiby (August 19): This insect is again bec:.-. complained of
after a quiet lapse of about five ,-eeks durirn- ,-hich tirre the hot
'r-eather may have held it in subjection.

R. '7. Leiby and C. H. 3ra:non (August): The Mxi.can bean beetle
has been reported from Duplin, Pitt, and Northam and several
count i e s ':e s t'.ard.

C. 0. Eddy (August): The Mexican bean beetle has been reported
from the follo'i.m counties: Kersha-,-, Richll.rJ, Calhoun, and
Lancaster.

R. M. Seeley (July 29): The M7exican bean beetle has been doing
vwr," serious damage throughout the northern half of the State. The
southern half of the State is apparently fr-ce from this beetle ex-
cept an area of 10 miles around T-ho.oazville in the extreme southern
;rt of the State.

J. M. Robinson (August 1): Mexican bean beetles are active in the
valleys of northeastern Alabama.

L. -,. ,r-annon (August 12): The Mexican bean beetle has been seri-
ously dr'.-xin? bush beans, pole beans, and pole lima '!-LV_.z in the
vicinity of Birmiegh-m. Beans plant. d in corn have been severely
dr .-cd and all stages of the in-sect vLure found in a field of soy
beans v;hich was near a '.;-i.tch of v'liy infested pole beans. In this


j. .'-^ i <-"* i"i --.







-2 $7-


California


YTe bra sicka


indianna


Idaho


district I have seen several patches of pole lima beans ,7hich o"ere
compl-..ly defoli,.,ted. In badly infested fields, pupae and -
masses can be found, on morning glory. Third-generation beetles
emerged in the life-history cag es Auj,.st 17.

R. T;. Earned (August 22): Reports have been received at this of-
fice in regard to serious darr2.ge to garden bea.ns by the :-:-.ican
bean beetle in the northeastern corner of the State. Specimens
have been received. frcm Alcorn, Ti- io, and Prentiss Counties,

"ETTJ.-T SPOTTED CUCUIC3ER BE.TE (Di' brotica soror Lec.)

T. D. Urbahns (July IS): On July 13, C. R. Sanburn re-oorted cucLm--
ber beetles, Diabrotica soror, attaclding beans in Harin County
and reported loss in some cases as 20 per cent.


I.. S...enk (July 25-aiugust 25): The bean apnhid "as reported as
injurious to beans and nasturtiums from various parts of the State
the second -week in August.


AJHP0?P.RS (Jassidae)


F. K. Riley (August 20): Leafhoppers have been reported damgina
beans at Aurora August 5.


SEED C,.4I :AGGIOT (Hylemyia cilicrura Rond. )


C. 1akeland (July 29): The seed corn maggot has caused the re-
planting of many acres of beans in the commercial bean fields in
thcsT--in Fnlls district. It lias also caused some injury to the
potato seed pieces in some fields. This insect appears to be of
i..j::,'t-,'nce here only during springs of more than usual moisture
and prolonged cool weather.


CT.:LITE01S ^-TL :^Lcu:
STRED CUCE? FEETL (Diabrotica vittata ab.)
STERIFED CUCM IE EL'T CEET!_ (Diabrotica vitt-)ta Fa.b.)


Indi.na



Illinois



Kin sa s


H. K. Riley (August 20): Cucumber beetles were reported as d-amag-
ing cucumber vines at Roanoke August 8, and same report from Fock-
ville, August 10.

C. C. Compton (August 2): The striped cucumber beetle -,!as less
destructive than usual this year. It appeared later in tne season
after the vines had made considerable gro-.th.

R. L. Parker (August 1): Diabrotica vittata has been.reoorted as
very abundant at at.m , atta-chir'. cuier,-,:-, ,s.


S:issi ssippi


BE' AM A-PHID (-hpi__s. rumicis L. )





























i ssi soi ppi


oebrasla


as .-C'.LI Csett s


- &"ra''''


-. I i^.L C .a~


-2. I.-

S'UASH L.-.Y3Ii_) (-h,,il.chu-. boreajis Fab.)


J. -7. Ter mu-.. Jolt the crop -'as rractically rz.'-.do before defoliation. Sev-
eral acres observed to be infested.


The piclcle -',orm ;7s reported as heavily "
..s-oort august 1S.


R. Seeley (July 29): The pic-le -'orm is very se-ious in northern
Georgia.

J. Robin.son (August lo): The pickle -nor'm n -?d cantaloupe cater-
pillars are very active and destructive at the prC-se t ti't .

-. L. Cockerham (July 50): Late crops of can-taloupes, cu.cu-e-.-r,
and s-Iuash are very seriously aittc.ck:-d this i--sect. So svecre
is the injury that it is almost impossible to secure a Kir _le so:-d"
fr.i t.


H. S'en:k (July 25-uqast 25): The melon; anlhi ".as more thlan
usually injrious to cucumbers and melons during the :resent summer,
maany co-plaints hvi...;. been received during the period covered by
this report.
R. :. -arher (A;:-ust I)': The melon "id, -,as found attacr'-..n cucum-
b .. at I:iltonville.



S^^AS 3\" (An *-' tristis 'e&. )

=. I. :o1rne (Augus"t IS): SQuash ,.-s.., -or. re orts '-,hich have come
in and from our on observations, .p.':",r to be consider':,v less
...nda:tnt than last ;*'r.

R. :*. Secley (July 29): The -"-.u-.sh .u-. is unusually numerous
throu-hc-it Georgiai, .,cially on melons.

L-. H. -..- (July 25-.uiu'ust 25): At least the usual n-j:t of in-
ur'7r oy t s-uash buq '.:,s rc ortcd during. : late July .v Auust.


-.UA,.: 3CR:R (:.:.litt -. t ri i2 -r.-r c HVLe:. )


J. J. Davis (,-'-u-t 1): .h ,. h vine borer vas r r.orted i:.,ux-
ir.1 squash at South F- .d July 25, ad '* i:. at Mincie July 27.


-orth
Vrol .ina


rIC:!_E 7^'-: (D h"."i -J:itidalis Stoll)


("'-,-..Ust 20)













ITebrn skr-.


H. K. Riley (Au.gust 20): The squash orer -;as reported attackir.g
squash at Fort '.7::-,ine and Peru August 5.

M. H. Snenk (July 25-August 25): At least the usu-al amount of in-
jury by the squash borer -as reported during late July and August.


:ZLOCT APHID (Aphis osspii Glov.)


..sslssippi


K. L. Cockerham (July 30): In a l.-te crop of squash planted. in
our experpie[tal plot, every hill ...as rather heavily infested -/i:h
an aphis, probably the mclon aphid. Earlier crops did not seemr
to be d.-v'.,-ed so much by this insect.


SrI L.

curON THRIFS (ThriPs tabaci L.)


Idaho





Illinois


C. 17-:lo.nd (July 29): Commercial onion plantings and seed fields
are very heavily infested and in some fields severe damage is be-
ing caused.

ONION MAGGOT (H-lemyia antiqua 7!eig.)
C. C. Compton (August 11): The second brood of onion matgots did
not cause any commercial loss this year, .larely because of the
dry "-'eather -hich is unfavorable to the develo.mmant of the insect.

ES- 3 PL A!IT

FLE&L BEETLES (Halticinae)

R. W. Harned (,to t 22): E7,DI-lt plants that had undoubtedly
been seriously injured by flea beetles, although none of these in-
sects *..rc present, -iere received from Pascagoula July 50.


:EGPLAPT FLEA 3`TLE (E-pitrix fuscula Cr.)


Al -.bama


L. U. Brannon (August 12): This species of flea beetle has been
loing considerable damage to eggplants in this locality (Birmfingha.


EGGPLANT LACE BUG (Garx-rhi- solani Hied. )


:i ssissippi


R. 7. 1hrned (August 22): Specimens of lace bugs that hav been
tentatively identified -.' J. M?. Langston as Gargaphic -. lani on
-.pl7ant were received from Horn LaIke July 2.


A T7LVIL (.- .t)rnor-!cs nigrinus Boh.)


Mississippi


R. W. Harned (August 22): Early in June weevils were received
from Mcrion with the following statement "They ork on the tender
buds of e-.cpl-nts. Some of the buds iare dropping." These weevils


I!i ssissippi







-290-


Ohio


di ssi ssippi


,7ere sent to Dr. L. 0. Hc.-ard and were identified 7. S. Fisher
as Athonoruzs riu. Cn Au -.,st 1 :reevils identified by ur. Fisher
as ,rth.'._'.r.:-. 'i- u. aere sent to us from t.tiez-'-r. here they
*;-ere reported as knockki.. the blooms off late c-.--plc.nts."

RED SIE'ER (Tetranychus telarius L.)

E. v;. 1:endenhall (August 11): Egiplarts in south-estern Ohio f.re
quite badly infested :rith the red spider.

FIRE ZTT (t cle..c is. ,-:--Fab.)

2. R. Smith (August 1): R. P. Colmer sent to this office recently
some c.-Tplants -,hich he stated had been seriously injured by the
ire ant. These ants had tunnelled out the sterns of the plants
and gna-r--d holes in the petioles of the leaves.

T..ET 7OTATC

3icD CUCU13'ER _E=TLE (Diabrotica balteata Lee.)

K. L. Coc':-.> (July 30): This insect continues vcr:.' numerous in
s--eet-potato fields around Biloxi. In !:-i...-_ across a field,
great numbers of beetles fly out around one's feet. A fo,-, s,-ecps
of a collecting net brings in hundreds of beetles. >.c foliage
sno---s distinctfeedin mrks. Numerous ot,..r:" crops -:. .-'eds .r':'
:lso being -.ttackced by this beetle.


-.;:ImTRPICAL AR7[-C:: (Prodenia eridania Cram.)


.ississippi


1. 7. Hrn'-_-2 (August 22): Specimens of the semitropical rm,'n-'ormn
-ere received on August 16 from Poplarville -,-here they --ere reported
:.s using serious damage to srbcet :potato plants. Spec .. s of
this species collected on cotton -ere received from ElD,-: Au.-uct 33.
The determinations 1ere made by S. E. Cr-armb of the Bureau of Entorm-
olc -y.


TURYIP APHID (Dhcarlcsi-hum r.:u,,br:sGic ,c Davis)


Alabama


L. .7. Brannon (Au-ust 12): This species is ,-.-i..- considerable dam-
age to turnips in this locality (Birmi.. '.). I have seen several
fields of turnips that -ere so seriously dU :.:.-..-d that they -ere
unmarketable.












PARS^IIP EF.;'ORH (Dewressaria ?er f- c1 i' DeG.)


1:e.; Y8rk


I i, diana


No r th
Carolina











South
C: rolina



Georgia


J. J. Hambleton (August 13): In jur' by the p asnip -:,eb-orm ran
high in one planting of parsnips, vnhich consisted of several cres.

J. J. Davis (July 19): The parsnip -eb,-:orm -as received from vw.ri-
ous parts of the State as 'ossibly the European corn borer. It -as
always sent in from -vild parsnip.


SOUT HERN FIELD- CROP I 1. SE CT S

COTTON

BOLL "EEVIL (Anthonomus grandis Boh.)

R. W. Leiby (August 15): Damage is increasing throughout the cot-
ton section. In the southern cotton counties from the coast to the
middle Piedmont, the average infestation of squares appears to be
about 40 per cent. In the upper Coastal Plain counties the average
infestation is about 8 per cent, -,ith a heavier infestation expected.
(August 20): In the southern and eastern cotton counties infesta-
tion is gAeerally complete. Else-;here complete in-cstatioit should
take place in another v-eekl. The entire top crop has been destroyed
by the -veevil, and the middle crop of bolls is threatened. There
are more veevils non than at this time in any year since the '-' vil
invaded the State.

C. 0. Eddy (August 15): Ueevil infestation is lirht and found only
in scattered areas in the lo-.-',er and middle Piedmont sections. _
vweevils have been reported in the extreme upper section of the
State.

R. '7. Seeley (July 29): There is the -;orst infestation of the boll
weevil since 1923 throughout southern, middle, and north-:,: tern
Georgia.

0. I. Snapp (.'njuct 11): The boll---eevil infestation is greater
now- in middle Georgia than it has been for a number of --ears. It
has ruined the top crop, and infested squares are falling rapidly.
As a result the cotton crop is going to be short.

R. .::. Seeley (August 29): The following is a report on the cotton
boll weevil situation in the State of Georgia:

South of a line drawn through Troup, MIeri--ether, Spalding, Butts,
Jasper, Putnam, Green, Taliaferro, and Lincoln Counties (the
southern 2/3 of the State) damage is estimated to be 40-50 per
per cent, -ith a total loss in some areas. Hundreds of acres -ill


-29i-








-292-


not be picked. Only a light bottom crop aill be harvested. There
has been no blooming in three or four weeks. iar.ny blls Ahich no7
ap-j> to be safe are in fact punctured. North of this line it is
estimetel the .:-iu. infestation is 20 per cent. e..,ile there is
Sli-'.t infestation in all counties that --:ro~ cotton in this State,
the d-I::--o decrease-s as one advances north-ard from above li-e.

Ark'..--, Dy.ight Isely (lub-ust i6): Boll --eevils apr-.r to be more abundant
in the 77estern portion of the State this year than in any year
since 153. There is more infestation on the hill farms in this
portion of the State than I have ever seen. Our records for the
eastern portion of the .,tte are not so c,:,..:lete as usual, *but
apparently the boll -.eevil is not prcpjrtionately so serious as in
the western n portion.

Alabama J. i:'. Robinson (Au-oust 1): Boll ';eevils are present r-.ther i..i er-
ally in central and southern Alabama, in eno.-ou 3 numbers.
(A.a previous yeo-r in central and southern Alabama. ,c top crop in
the later cotton has been entirely rcm:v0:. by this pest. In sorc
of the Piedmont rcfion the entire crop has been practically de-
stroyed, as there vil not be more than 50 bolls of cotton to the
acre. This is perhaps in a rather limited area. Of 6,-- squares
counted on undusted plats 65 per cent -LI"r ru..Ctur-.

... G Aust 5-l): The aver infestation on S cuts of
old cotton .as -5.9 per c.,t. The i-festation .- _--ed fro- 5x
to 75-0 per cent.

"". E. Hi:-ds (August 20): Boll w-eevil infestation has beem complete
in ; .... fields for at least 10 days and. is rapidly reachi-., the
condition of complete infestation in the .-Jority of -.i-.dusted
fields. Hov'ever, the infestation has been so "spotted" in the
earlier part of the -cason that some fields are still m-i-d. '- cot-
ton.

xissizsip-oi R. 7'. P~rned (July 25): Boll -'eevil condition cA,"' red ,-ith
previous ye,..s.

l 1020 1CC?
July July 24 July 23

"., ber of counties
1>2 'cotc ..... ..... ...... 2_ 21 31
'- oer of f' r'-
ins- :.cted.............. 101 135 IC
'i, of farms
infest, d ............. -1 Il l
Per cent of farms
free of'weevil........ 1,.9 17.7 '. 4







-293-


Highest infestation reported
(-:er cent) ..... ........ 42
Average per cent infestation
of infested farms ......... 4.42
average per cent infestation
of all farms................ 3.55
Increc.s, or decrease in weevil
infestation preceding week ........... 15
(decrease)


LTo r th
Carolina




3eor-i-.


Alabrnma



I'.li ssi ssippi


4.2S


12.9


5.53 10.2

59 14
(increase) (decrease)-


iississippi State Plant Board (August 20): Boll weevils broke all
previous records of the sCason during the past --eek -Ath an aver-ge
of 40 per cent of the squares punctured in the hill counties of the
State, according to reports of the State Plant Board inspectors -iho
examined 87 farms in 21 counties. This is a marked increase over
the preceding '-eek when the infestation averaged only 30 per cent,
and that of IS per cent tw-o wee':s ago.

F. C. Bishopp (August 1): (Telegram) Boll weevil not so injuri-
ous as the boll worm, but some fields r..dcrately infested.
(August 2) : Boll -weevil injury has greatly increased during this
month. At the present time practically all squares are being
punctured as put on, and many bolls even though fairly -ell ma-
tured, are being infested.

F. L. Thom-s (August 20): The eastern section of the State has
had far more boll w-eevil injury than usual, reports being received
from 59 counties during the period August 1 to 15. The reports
from t-wo of these counties, which are in the -western :;t of the
State, have not been verified, viz. Dickens end Orion. There ap-
pears to be an area of S to 10 counties in central Texas where
boll weevils have not been abundant except in the wooded sections.
The crop in this area is a little better than average. Kct, dry
weather has practically stopped gro--th.

COTTON FLEA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Reut.)

R. 7. Leiby (August 19): Adults are no-, coi-moily observed in cot-
ton blooms. Their injuries apear to be confined to the tiny
squares on the terminals of the stlkc. i:-eir present feeding may
aid boll-weevil dr -rae, the further development of squares forcing
the -w"eevil to attack partly grovwn bolls.

R. i. Seeley (July 29): There has been some damage in spot- by
the cotton flea hopper but not very serious.

J. M. Robinson (August 1I): Cotton hopper adults are more 7b .d1r t
no-, than they have been at any period of the year. However, the
cotton is so far advanced that no serious damage :ill result.

R. T7. Harned (July 25): Cotton hoppers are reported in many fields
but very few complaints of damage have been received to date.









exas


Ar knsas




Loui siana



Al ssiac'a i


'i SSi Sscippi


T exas


-2'-

C. -.icno--,. (August I): Cotton h,-r-ers are destructive in a
fe- fields.

? -. ,s (u-uust 8): Cotton flea hopper reports continue to
filter in, co-iin7 from 5 counties.

CCTTC LEP AF 17:CR: (At.-:. ar II- cg-- Hbi. )

D,7-iht Isely (August 16): Leaf v'ormrs have b--:en collected in War-.h-
igton, County .d specimens have also been received from L"rence
County, in the north. st corner of the State, indicatini- that the
species is fairly -.ell distributed over Arkansas at present.

.r. .: Hinds (--Ugst 20): Qotton leaf --'orms are reported as abcund-
ant in many-fields in the north-.-estern paxt of the State and ex-
tending at least as far east as :onroe.

J. I.. Robinson (August 1l): The cotton leaf -7orm has not shorn up
in any localities of the ,.tate.

R. 7. Harned (august 22): The first specimirens of the cotton leaf
-iorm received from points in .,ississi:"i during 1927 'ere collected
*L~~- ver i- ,est-ti:)n-
on August 5 At Deeson in bolivar County. A very lil.t ifestatin
-as reported. Sr g_.:i i,,.s have siace been received from lee, ,:-Lshn-
12ton, Desoto, Yazoo, Iicorn Shar -.,: and Tal-.-.--tchie Counties.
In all cases a ge.er .l. light infestation -as reported. In most
cases the -. orms -ere beginning to -e-eb-up." Another -.c;.eration is
expected at a.ny time.. Reports that re have received at this office
indicat-, e that generations are overlain..._ to a gr;a.t extent. Re-
ports from -other places indicate t:.-t the infestations occur
thror -1.,ut the northern half of the ta-.te.

F. L. Thomas (A.wust 20): Leaf or-.s have caused very little in-
"ur. to. date in the greater p:at of the State. 7-r sites have
coktriuted greatly in holdI-r. the numll-" in che?-. H.ve just
returned from a trip to Lamar, Collin, and Hill Counties -her,
many sections in each co, .t- 'uc visited, xceptin one field
in Hill County, I saw; no place -here there -'as cv:.. a threat of
injury. norms ,-ere first reported from Hill o-m.ty r a month.
-ao. Only 17 counties reported for the past t-,o .ec.s period.
These reports are from -widely scattered sections: :udspeth, KMid-
land, I tchell, Wilbarger, H.yes, L.vaca, Victoria, St.-.
Ellis, and a fe'7 others in the northeast.

F. C. Bishopp (.ui.:t 26): On u -st 10 a few ne-;ly hatched leaf
worms appeared in some fields in this county (D-lls). lo. rd
the end of tv:o month a number of f".,,"s '-eg.... poiso-- their
cotton .i.'.st t.e insect. C-, ..-;.t 26 n0 of the leaf orms
in nonpoir,-red fields are fully _"'', ..d are A:;i-i:.-u A
small percentr--e has already pupatLd. *.".c infsttion has t
become -eneral, and -hilo the fields most w-. vily infested are
I", considerable no material ,- has -: don the
first s -.,r I ".(.












Ala r-. n


L rui siana


Te::-s


















South
Corolina

klabnma






Lcui si. a


COTTCT BOLL .7C-,: (Heliothis o solca .-ab.)

J. M. Robinson (August 1): The cotton boll -orm is shonang up i)
restricted area with light infest: tions. (u.u,-Ust !): r C ctL.0
boll x'or n has sno:,i up in v,rious spots throughout the entire St e.
In some areas such as at 1artsells and S' rnson they have beoon renorte;
as doing considerable C -..a


,. E. E, -ids (August 20): B3Il lcrns are injuri us to full-gro.
bolls.

2. C, Bishopp (Auust I) : Telegram: Boll-orm d.m...age tc cotton
in parts cf Dallas and Cclli:ns Ccunities is aleut 5 to 10 per cent
and there rc, prospects for a great icrese.

F. L. Thomas (August 20): 3cll worm in-jury is severe in many places,
increasig in onre field of this county (2razos) frcm 10 to 26 per
cent on 1,700 bolls during the period ,igust 3 to 11ii. In Ccllii
Coun-ty 39 per ce't of the b lis -ere i jure2da d in Lcamar C--nty the
average ,;as 3.3 per ce- t ':,ith aC maxiimun cf 8 per cert.

F. C. Bishopp (i-ugust 2S): Boll-:crm injury has almost st p.d i.
the cotton fields cf northern Te ..:a s. Severe d ;e .as done dri n
the first half of the mia. th, the crop on m: n:y fields bei:ng cut
from 10 to 50 per cent. The injury, ho--evcr, appears to have been
more or less spotted.

COTTON APHTID (Arhis sosypii -,lov.)

E. '7. sunnam (August iC) : Cotto. lice c:: be found in 1 't all
cotton fields but are not causing serious damrrze..

J, i. Robinson (AugOst 1o): The cotton aphid -as very abund6at on
dusted plots in. early August but has -:. reduced to a mi -a_ by
the activity of hymeinopterous insects, ladybird beetle larvae, 'nd
... rI id larvae. Te: principal ladybird, is H..-..-.-i ccJnverens
C-uer. Ho-'ever, Cocinella novern-ottata ibst. is more abundant th-rn
last v.cr.

7. Hinds (August 20): Ccttc:'plant lice have devel-yed abund-
S.iy in some localities a-d particularly -,b.ere poison for the boll
e.-il has been applied.


C ABBAGE LOOS.R (,I't .-r.r a bra ssicae Riley)


hMis5i Z~I1 cndi


R. :7. H-rxned (ALust 22): Specimen:s that have bee:" t e; tatively
id0' -tified as the cabbage looper, Pl-esi -ice have bee rc-
ce-.-vd recently from tc localities iL Yazoc County, r:e locclity
i": -umphreys Courty, and one in Sh'r :ey Cou t:. In :* ach cse they
.er- collected on cotton.i. One mcth '',s reared and definitely deter-
.d.'.ed by Dr. Dyar as Flusia brassicse.


LIBRARY
"TAin PLANT fOAtr.












i1 ssi szi'pi


-. .... Ceeley (July 29): The striped flee beetle --as f-und ,ii.,
seritzus, d *. t- c ttr-n thr-i-:iX...y a>nd the first half -f Ju:e.
"but has app-are.tly dici rr-.-red frrm crttcr. since Jul-y 1.

SiOTTED UC7-: :r'. 1)-TL : (Di-'r t j.:- di, ,I i.u..ct- t.- F-.. )

0. I. S-" (Jul-' 30): This inscct is unusually a"'.,..d:.t in this
secti ". this yer. It has b ae ntt c6in.-- the blooms f cdi th he I'-,tals, acd l-! i 'cne c,. :s e'- the little squares.


2.. "7. Lci':" (..' -ist 1S): -?.- r .. .- ider has been present in scc-
titus If the State i. such -uimbers that it ,-,ill mat',rially reduce


. 77. Hrr ed (.-j-ust 22): Lnriv- ll -t c t .;t Cl-.rk1cA.le
i:- C .h:r'a Ccii:-.ty a i i o..-se.d. : ]. ., .t'y dl-.: .-- t v i. t.c:. prt ,Jf
July -ere ser- t t, i: phi "-to- fc- L-fi .it:: Kcd;. r".i*-.i -.. A letter
from Dr. A. L. -ua i: tz:cc st?.tc .-- ::r. C. -c..-.ri.- f the zurc-?.u
.tra.!o y t3e:t.-tive ide-t i . ..- .....
^-" i-L c-e -:t t e -."-' t -x :'i. ... rc r trifle
u*-snal. Or. -iugust 22 more cf these i-sects -.-'ere received frrm
:>.dic(in Ccm-ty -,here they -.7ere atta.cldi-g ccttcn.

........ 2 :" '- (LTr ste e sinililis Gue-.)

R. 7,. licr-.ed (^-a ust 22): Speci:,e:-es cf the -:rde:n xebe'rm r-ere re-
ceived rece-.-tly fi-c ,-n fo ur farmc ir: z-.o Crur-ty -,here they -ere
collected : cotton.

FCLL R. C?. (Lc'.phy .:. -".-ie'i- S. & )

J. .. Phbiu.on (Au-,t i ): The fall r.rmyzcrmr is a'. -ri g fr-m
s i 1-ccrifielc i- jtc the edge o s re cotto- fields a-d has
dev-Ijred t he c': tt f l i -ge tthe p-i't, ,.t least i: i-e instance,
-There the fn.rn.r h.-rs bcc e alarmecd.

CUTT7.ORI:S (14r ctuidao)

".. Hi .ds (^uc-st 20) L-te rln-.ted c-tt "- is bei -" .--ed
severely byT cut'--rms :.d -. ras- drns.

FLEA ,?ZETLES (HFltici-.ae)

2. 7. H7r:-,ec (u,-';ust 22>: Blister '-.ctles cf the species ,ic:_ut_
stri.-csa yll. a:.d v-.. S- -7ere collected cn ccttcr.n ,.t
Stec-.s ,uzust i!, -herC the-y '-7ere r' rted dri cc .sidera ble d-.r'ge


.-T X'5i1


G-e .'a


.Ur'rth
Car 1 ini


-290-


i ,LL ". ..... ('; ..... i .; V Z 2.,)


]b;i11DED FLKiEA 7`1iTLLa Sa-,=-)


ZED ;rI T. (T.,.r-. nu r tl- iu L. )



















I-r rth
C-r,- li-a


3el :r e






I.diana


Ge- r,-i-.


I: diaoa


the yield of cotton. Fields have been sea:- recently -here as
as large as 15 acres '.will k hardy yield a third cf a b-.le tc tlhe
acre. I:,-, uch i--sta.nces the pla ts are -. n a.mr' st dev id f I" i,

TOBACcO

TC..,T C. (irh.7 -.-- miimu7 Tilcr/

. '. Lei,:- (August 20) : 7,der t .c t v j:ry by a irid de-
t,-r.mi-ed by C. S. Brimley as Di'--. minimus has bee. noted cn
tobacco in Edgecc mb, 17asn, and ".a. C-.nt es.. !ai: '-ts of i,-
jury have al.sc bee:-, received in tha office. Tcbacc- leaves beccleO
spotted, 7leo, a-'cd i se their "body" as a result cf exteCsivc srcK:-
ing of th- sa? by adults :.d immature sta',es.


FOR E S T ND SHADE-TaRE I SECTS



nITk E-}[AR D TUSSOCK "7077I (T[ :ri T_, .... I Leuccctigma S.& A.)

H. L, Dozier (July IS): :" ,,:uhite-m.arked tusscc C: mcth is very
abuacnd.t o-, shodo trees, especially sycamore. .-- this date the
j' rity -.ere c- .....- and pad rasites ,:ere extremely bu ... t.
PiE.2pla iIuisitor Scrco. P. Lii-:_ 3rulle, Clsci vIta 0Sa
a-d several specie_.s cf tachinid flies and ]--,.: ratests -re
reared,

3. A. Porter (Aux-u.st 27): e'cre tusscck m-th larvae have beon no-
ticed tha" usurl, aithcugh they h1ve nect been. sufficiently abunWdant
in souther> Indi-'ana tc cause cc:'.spicu-us da...ge.

Da,'0.2.OH: (Thyrid.ptcrvx e,. :--rlcf rrri s Ha;,-.)

H. L. Dczier (July i1): The cmrnc bg;vcrrm ':as present i. large
numbers feeding c_ shade trees, cs-mcis..]ly syca rrc.

,i . Seeley (July 29): 9 ;- b!agvcrm has beer ua:usually prevalent
this -.'-r thrcu,,.ut .-orgia, especially -n arbcrvitae andC ced.rs,
but has alsr bean reported attaclri g a rambler rose an-d a clematis
vi:e.

E. hal1 (August 2): ...-.y (f the shade trees such as
cr'.n7ay arle, syca.n re, b xe1dc:, rlm, ar:d cithors are bdly infested
by this pest in -ytc nd vi.cinity. (<',-'t 19): b r is
.getting ,.-re crch year i'. the t'nc "i:-d cities in suthern C.i'.
:a.'.y trees arc defoliated by them.

H. K. Riloy (August 20): i'- raes have beer. cuite prevalent o-. r-
:;ame:-tal trees this season. Reco-.t rnr:rts are from ?est Pcint,
Greensbur;, Fa-rbaK:?, a:a India.ac!lis.








-2oZ-


~.2. 52'Uri


Cx'i--eoticut


. ,_"; Jrrsey


I di-..:..


B. Porter (August 27): U..ur.rilv .bu. da" t i:. suthr:L I:ndiaa.
i':"Mn-- -us evergreens, boxel,'er, ;*d -hrr tre,'s def-li-tecd. Cc-
casio.al y -un; apple trees de'f i" t!d i:-. u. .rch-.rd whichh
.v': received idnsn.fficient 1,'i :".

. C. Suiliva:. (July 29): T.e c.-'r:'-c'. --- m sec :, t.: l e mn-re -4id
sprer.c hero tha:', i:n. the past, : i c.i u .: c.. i. r.. l d.n,_c tc
K.*., and orniame:tal trees.

I. H. S.re k (July 25-,uiust *. '. ., .--: rrn h. "c,:-.. r:-r..rted
mcrnro commonii thalni usual as .-'ttc'i.-d .rr'7rvit:.o :,:.d r t: r ever-
o-roee s in cur extr,- .' rutc.. .t,-.. cu:.tie.. Zuri:.- t :- first
eeKi gust t- fe Ct i crc f LL.d .t Li .c-l,- i:.
orchard near the city d. t.h t''e :rC ryc:rt1F i
a yard i -.-- city. It rare-.' i -- f.-c. .c frr t,- th.c -'rthff st
in 7' *bracsia as Lincrln.
._e2 C. n:- r r-r-

1. ..7 r. (r ed .. -u t 22): ---.,-c':.' f t. -- ... "
arb -rvitae 7-ere received fr ,.. ri.t. Jul' 2;., fr-r,:..c.:s-. July
30, and from Sta.rkville July >' *". .-u.--ut At :.l :l_.ces they
-,ere r,..-,crted as rather seri,'u.

FALL ".I:.,'CR.. ..,.-.- tri-. cu <'. Drury)

.-. Britt-n (August 24): _- f.:l cb :-.1. i- m: jer'.t r., :bu-_d-
a.t rn shade trees and fruit trLes :t .:. ::Lv., Dr:.L..v, L-mC ,
a-d Dutnam.


R. B. LC tt (A-uct 10): I' jr-vv fi- n, ,h:- red sidr unuualy bcd
thrrughrut the Statc, e:eci.ll ".. u.i -r, sprue, :-.d :huya.

E. i"ende:hall (July 23) I r-" t. r-.I' ti. .J i.- several places
in central an d southern C' 1 I fi A:1 .. r,: d c,'ider ,it'l -: tt.ck-.ig
blue spruce, (... -, t 1 ') : ,. re.' s 'ider it -s '-, ', c u"-
ally bad this sum-er, injui".," r'- r"it,.", :-rrc,, tr.'w .tcl
A1 tC- rf different ids, iv .' tAr .uc C--- .t. etc.

J. J. Davis (Au ust i): Th rd cA dd'r e:. .;* :d .T: C1.'y Cruce :it
hrirnu July 21.


.LJ2Ci A I' D E3 ITE ( tr t.E tr' vcLu- .i ,,.-ae .. I F. ;


R. Lott (.Lu.:ust 8) : Thc . ro c.. mitc is vCry '.b t : .t.
The *i4idcrsides c f Isom limb- -.. .- ,.-d ,it.. i tes th-,t they ca..
be -e<:. scver':.l -...ds dist-; ..


R .D c-I 7. (l r,-' -: t7 -r u :' -.;








-299-


Ar Indi -,


Ar i na'


Ysrth
Car ol ina


Indiana


Con-necticut


OYSTER-SHELL SCALE (T e.-faphes ulmi L.)

E. 7i. E.-denhall (August 2): I find that the ryster-shell scale is
quite bad 0n the soft mpole and elui trees in Dayt : and vicinity.

H. K. Rilcy (.-u -aust 20): The oyster-shell scale on ash 7as re-
ported Au, ust 1 from I-Jishi'.-a..

TZ.,IARISK SCALE (Chiona -iDi !7 e .r-.-c- Leon. )

Arix.ea Te',;s Letter (July 31): Thu tnam-ris scale --as re crted
dai.-.gi. trees i the city ,-. F:..,-Ie ix et t-': differe-t irc-clitics.
Eff. rts are being made by the city cffici',.ls t- distribute the
ladybird beetle -hich is parasitic upr:- this scale, intc all the
districts cf the city --here the pest is l.,. tc exist.
FULIL'S ROSEB 3EZTLL (pavtrrmcrus fulleri Hern)

'-s (Aug-ust 20): This insect has recently op-eered in
considerable -numbers iL the forests of this secti-on n:d is def(li-
ating some ci the smaller trees. i.K injury is especially severe
on magnolia a:nd Lay. The attack' :- sumac is co fined lst eire-
ly tc the developing bloom buds.


B ( CH

'::OOLLYr ':,.H.P ?r c i,,h i lus im7-r ica t- r Titch.


H. K. Riley (Aucust 20): 7-ily beech aphids ;ere reported fr-m
Cormel August 1c.

*BIRCH
BiRCH LEA' i::i: ^:_ -ia lg


;,. B. Britton (August 24): The birch leaf miner has been re',.rted
as in the usual b bu.L- ce on birch at Ve-- Have:n, kmde-, ._ernnn
',io-dbury, South>. ', a, d G-rnby.


BCX12LDB

C'CXT?'OOD LEFi ROLLIR (Gracilaria negmndella Chnm. )


H. C. Severin (Auiust S): Gracilaria '.ej-della Ch-,,. is u:u''ually
abundnat -n. bcxelder.


CATALP.
C TALPA P'Z SI:2/:. (Coiar t.-=i i catal~ae Boi sd. )


J. A. Hyslop (August 23): Some defliati-: in 1cnt.- mr,-y County.


South
Dakota


,ar yla-d








-300-


C>i:,


OhiC


Connecticut


Ohio





Chiso
* 4'. 1. (,







17i sconcin


* ne'


Ccn- ccticut


. 7. kH:endem-.hll (u.uust 5): Trc first and only outbreak of the
catalpa sphinx larvae is -est cf Dayton this year. Other years
they have been very plentiful.

SDIFTEROUJS L3A I.II (P%-.vtI:7 sp.)

E :'e*.denhall (au-gust 0): I find the leaf miner quite bad in
the catalpa leaves in Bellefontaine, I.-a County.



EL. LEAF B.TIS (Galerucella y.- th -,nlnn1.- Schr ank)

.. 3ritton (,v.ust 24): The elm leaf beetle is less in evidence
than.i usual iI 'e a aver.

E. T7. :.Iendenhall (,iu'-ust 12): I find that an outbreak of te elm
leaf beetle, Galerucella lutecla, in Piqua, accctdi:.p to record,
is the farthest scuth it has been found in OC.ic.

_C':T ELI: :c.C (---:r-iEi ,sr-uria .-,deer)

E. 77. :'iender-hall (-ugust S): I find the Europenn elm scale quite
general cn the elms in D7yton and vicinity.



E:BLOCK SPA:ORI70 (Zl :--1 fiscellaria Guen.)

A. A. ra.ovsky (August 17): Only o few7 larvae are no- present in
the State Park area in Door Co-unty as 7 result of dusting rith
cr lcium arsenate last year. '7I-I ':rcr found in half a day's search.
Considerable infestations occur at Ba-iley's Harbor, Jackson-o-rt,
2-i.-ngton IslaCnd, and east .f 2tirgeon Bay, ,ihich T.-ere not treated,
but the iLsects oxe not su.fficiently .L-;aJir'us at th se loca.ti.-ns to
be of eoncmic importaInce.

J. V L cl ffner, Jr. (Auoust 1): i -.7oodlot of about 1 ,' acres,
: prr cent hemlock, the rc-t birch, pine, spruce, ..d rk, has
%eB prTactically c mpletelIy ,r ri"i.c--'; feedi..- has been confi-.ed
almost entirely to the h:..,lo-'k. This report was received frcm r.e
of our quarantine inspectors.



LOCUST LEAF .:I;". (Chalepus 2, r- li i.u.':. )

M. P. 7'.::-c (August 11): Work of this insect is much more injuriousi
in T2'indham County than usual. It is also more noticeable in other
secti o of the Sttc. I









-3o1-


PIt.:'?--J- (Crthotylus chlori nis Say)

Mississiopi T. T. Harned (.-aast 22) : U.er dt. o April 7 7e received fro
PHarriscn c-aunty some .irid ccllecte on ho lney locust -;ith a note
tha.t th-e insect :ere "Dnstry vino folia-e Tree almst entirely
def-" li-ted.' "eIc reuecstocd n,- specime>-. >.L-Aril '- fi-e
adults -ere collc1 ted ad soent to -s -ith obe state e :t, "Difficult
to find any ro-i
Under dat. o-f ^ril 29, the ccnty -gent -rote, "Yester, n I
ex.ied the cst tree i t.t pract ic, 1ly n11 f the
i s .ec..ts hove dispe c ar ed the .:.liage is c -inning tc come cut
tast.7 These insects ave o-- been det.r.i.ed by T.. Ct s
Grthtoils oh!^r io:nois.

S"_ H;SP. (.n ires inaeualio Teb.)

Ohio 1 .. ... Cn- a!! ( s S'-cs1 0) 7! black locust t'__rugF.'ut S'th.ern.
Chic is affected rs hi- is f Ct& is drinp considerable d-To.

LOCT, ( i- Si...C 2 1
LOCU-SI" *T .'I OU.J^P, ( odytol;?-op a insit ician a. Seill

li. is ,: some
s"d. trees C- ey -, c1 cu-st .- Jefferson City. This a:l l dc-
pter-n has sl,'-l- i 2cr-3.sed diurinco the 4pst frur yeors un til
..-.. 'or.c.hes or.7 ""ch d.listcrtJ.d

.;JLIZ

30TT01_ ::-L. L SCALZ (Culvi_. r>a inr'T~en'obilis Rat /. )
,hio- 07 -al vi -.r i L )-

,>Ohio -. ",. .( -. 3 2... c-,to .I.. le scale is very oad
on, 'x,-. e 2:in Vt ern n .... :,eN--ark.

Illinois ". p. PTlit (July 19) : This Icae is -uirusally abuuda1t in east
cen-tral -ad nrtern Illi.c.i-. Es have been botching in this
section: durin- te last t'c- _'

GLOC'-T SG--'-IL (.hrv...o>ni aly.us t.- '. -'i c_ .- : O-mst.)

Thio Z. .... ee::endhall (A-gust 15): I f1- nd an outhre- f the glIoo.y
scale*-n. s"ft-.-'le trees in Jne cf the nurseries in /: nto;cry


jLiT-"-ADr _PL Lf>P BGRLRf (Chrvyscb-thris fc- r'ta Cliv.)

Indi nc J. J. Dosvi- ('....t I): The ALit-headUd <-p'le tree borers -,--ere
repo rted i jr"i' to ......l aot Id!naois July 20.












C Lu-T-S:Q- &o.0 1 i ccaria Drury
CHiSF -: D CSOI.ST. (^ ilia czate-aria Drury):


J.' V. Schaffner, Jr. (August 17): A r-?rcrt receive dA ui-st 5 that
50 acres cf sprout gro,-th was bci.-..- defcli ated at A-..:.rst The
i-.sect ciasing the damage has bee- identified as Ci. -ilir c t: -ria
Drury. Feeding confined principally to oak, sve'et fern, and
huckleberry.


FI1P3 EiF SAL. (Chionaseis pinifoliae Fitch)


I -ia 1.aO


nj 3iC s iri


Indian':


I. 7.Iendenihall (August 6): I fi.i the pine leaf scale quite
abundant i pi I on spruce in some nurseries abcut Dayto...

C'--.C.LLY :::-L C --,: ( 'I --i .- qu-intancii Ck1l.)

-. ".. .ed.en_'."ll (tiuast S): :here ,-ere a fe-e: cases of the --colly
pine scale in- ::? of the nurs.n-ies about Dayton this season. It
is ao- locally as "b leedinLg nitch" and "pitch pine w-ocl.'

Sl {jt'] *C-2 T

T.-^-BACKc QA:PILLa (S ibi-ne s iixlea Cle-,.)

H. K. iley (....ust 20): S.d pe-oack caterpillars -.'.r fo.:- fd-
in- ov -Y camore a`0 7,estwort k.uUst 12.

3YCA:CZ LACE ZJG (Corythuca. ciliata St- )

K. L. Cocker'.-. (7:.---:t l): Sycamore trees at several resid'l;ccs
-;er insp ected and found to > heavily infested -7ith a lace ,-_.
The leaves have been turn.d a dull bro'-n from the att- of se
isct o-ner stt cd thant his is the nost serious outbr.-k
inst.h h Vv ov er cn on stcanor e.

-. "ared (-,ugust 22): Spci.:e..s of lace -..-s that have been
identified by J. "L- .. -ton cs Corythuca ciliata on s-camore from,




.... (D-t-'n. inte -errimna &2 7. )

. D:r.vis (-w.usa.t ) : he -ainut orV, Diatna 1 *'!... a
( n-. -' 0:1 wl -'1 t th r t -/ ,- Bedford '-'d Vi ,' ..".es.


~Lire










-303-


Indiana


Georgia


Indiana


.i ssi ssippi


'_;,,"pJ'. (Crmbus spp.)

J. J. Davis (Au,-ust 1. ): -eb-- forms are abundan t in alut ad
other timber trees at Bedford.


GEE 1T H 0 U S E AIT D CR IA P Y T A L L A T ST

I SELL AlOUS 7:-7

TIP MOTH (7-. -c-.i- frustracna Corast.)

r. :. Seeley (July 29): The pine tip moth has been founrd attacking7
ornamental pines near Atlanta.

A 7aiSP (Chorion ichneu-morne3-m L. )

H. -.. Riley (August 20): A ":asp, Chorion icheumoneumi, -:'s re-
ported .o:-.:i: in flo--er bees at Fort Jayne Avgust S.

-AILS (oll.lusca)

E. 7. .IMendenhall (July 15): The be Donioas in the greeiho-ases in
Sprigr4field arc attacked by the -- .1s and considered injury
is done.



C:7_:-:? _BIT 'M ]AL- ,I,7-GE (Diurtronomia .... '. Loe.)

R. T Harned (Aucust 22): Specimens of the c'-...: rthenmm mridge
,ere received from Gr-envville August 12, -here t -. -ere collected
on chrysanthemum.


-Zi'HO-USI LTAF-T-ER (Fhlyctoe.ia rub9i!s Guen. )


Ohio


,i s i s sippi


T. :. ,ende:nhall (Aj.ust 23): There are quite a good mflny green-
house leaf tyers on the chrysanthemum in the greenhouses in -a.r.

3. 7. Harmed ('.u .ust 22): Chrysnthe.mum leaves that had evidently
been injured by the greenhouse leaf tyer ,-,ere received from Ridge-
land in Hinds County during the first rueek in August.


A T':.A zr::-- (>-t.-. Iel ._- t a Fab.)


Hississippi


R. 1. Harned (August 22): Flea beetles identified by J.L.L'nsztoan
as S-st na elorngata -,-ere collected on c-- sa.,themum plants at
Corinth July 2S.









-3o4-


LT .,_-Y FCLEA --'7LLE (Hal iita F
.-.Y _A .LLIJ (h ]tic:. jliCiLt1 Yall)


R. i. Hiorned (.,u--ust 22): Specimens id.en.tified. as Hal tic- liti3ata
-.ere fou.id injuring crepe m:rtite at ..scagoula A-;-.'st 1.


::i0 si'- i r


Ohio


- 1?~i~2J7Thi


R. 7. Hc.rned ( just 22): .c... the aphids that h-ve bc. rcei.
and inderntified by A. L. Fnnier is .__ ,- sp., collect
crepe myrtle at Rie-Dcla:-d a:'d -ulfport oln i.ust S.

DAHL IA
:-3T D SCUC'l 3 T (Di~abtijca ... .,'^-. r1^- -' -
CU C-..,- T' 2. 1-. Di b '

'. ::e--de-:hall (^g st 193 : 5h 12-s :,tted cu :.r.'.- r :ttlc 1 ,.s
Coae some damage to dahlias this year i- I'liami Cc.o:.ty.

CToLD' :7LOU

CEaYSAZI7-::!: LIC (Co[;'t.. : marmorata TUhl.)
-. T7. Hr ed (.iugust 22) Specime-s of lace Jugs that I-.: ..c :e..
te: ta>tivc!y identified by J. ::. La-.-sto-i as :--" ......-
-,ere tke: 0. goldem.-lo-: from Pasc -o:iL' o ...-ust 4.


7IR I S

IRIS -cr-C Q (}:,>crornoctu-7 oiustu( :Iote)


; i. :cDaniel (August 1A): LosL --*eeu *'e obtain-.td some i s c.otrs
co3ta iin t o iris borer. This is, I -blieve, the firLt ,::-,
for ichig . 'o l.-ced these i* c-,;es i_ order to br.- .:.,
the iris borer and today fifty or so Jlts of the less('1.- .ul]":, 1-,
Zneri rs trioa'tus are in the c- 'e'ere, cf course, ,,':. "-;
for tIhe i-tur cvet o- fidi-. 1-rvae of this pest in .i":'t
ad i tihe dec:-yin7 bulbs. This s the first ri :*. tC:.
Slesser bulb fly also,

,'3SIC:" FLC"-

"U_ COAST F-ITi- -Y (Cio"e v >i1e L,

R*. 3;ith (.. ,u t 2t) ..: :. 'ion flo-er vie in the n:.i -. or. .pod
of tho Biolo:ry buildi ::t 1he .1 ..: -:liege have beeIL. .si-,-
Jbly defoliatcd by caterpil:.rs of the Gulf'Coast friti~l rv.
"''a of tihe chryslid," re .... ia from a co:'i1..- on the ,.'ihdi7r
3) feet front the ~oU.


I i s, si s si ppi


T-7 A -3D ('- J -.!i. sp.)


. .i si nppi







-305-


TAXUS

BLkCK VINE 7-EEVIL (Brachyrhinus sulcatus Fab.)


Connecticut


M. P. Zappe (August 10): Larvae have caused considerable injury
to roots of Taxus, and adults ,-ere emerging on the above date.
Some feeding by adults on leaves of Tax-as, but little real in-
jury is caused by larvae.


.i; APHID (:yzaphis rosarum Kalt.)


Ohio


E. 7. Uendenhall (August 22): C-he green rose aphid is quite bad,
as usual, on h.-,rid tea roses. They infest the ne-' gro-7th and
destroy the buds.


ROSE STEH S .TTLY (Adirus trir--cul--tu- Say)


Ohio


Xississippi


- ebra.Un


7evi York


E17. ; Mendenhall (august 18): T rose stem borer '"as found in
ColL.T 'L-L-.s this summer doing some damage to rose plants.

ROSE SCALE (Adlacaspis rosae 3ouche)

E. "'. leendeA-all (,_ugust o): I find in private plantings quite
often that the rose scale is muite bad.



:ARGLURITE LEAF -71T7, (Fhytomyza chrysanthemi Kb.'arz)

R. ,7. Harned (,.uvst 22): The marguerite fly, Phytomyza chrysan-.
Th,--, 'as collected on verbena plants at Como July 23.


70HPPER 'comes Sy)
GRAPE TI-,'HOPPER ( Fr-th'o:,eur:- comes Say)


H:. H. S-,enk (July 2>-s.u.5-ust 25): Injury by the grape leafhopper
to -,oodbine leaves continued to be reported during the period
covered by this re"-rt.


A CHaYSOHELID -EI7TLE (Rhabdopterus -Dici-pes Oliv.)


::. E. Bucn-. (July 2S): The evidence of the feeding of Rhab-
dopterus picipes on Virginia creeper
leaves is fairly common.











I N SE CT S AT T 7 C K ; 1; A : A ND

D 0 1 E S T I C A 1i:I i A L S



HOUSE 7YY (_usca diomecstica L.)


Indiana


I ndiana


,-e orgia


i ssissippi


General
statement


F. C. Bishop (August 2S): House flies appear to be uru.-.rlly
a. .-.,:...t about dairies for this time of year.

__ r. : lectularius L.

H. K. Riley (Aurast 20): Bed-ugs '-ere found in Fort V.':e -u-ust 12.

-L2.3 (Siphonaptcr a )

zH. C. iley (August 20): in infestation of fleas 'as r-ported from
Culver .-August 9-

K. C Sullivan (July 25): Fleas are coming in for their 1 -1 city,
and. bad infestations in barns and outbuildin -s are bei-:- rcncrt:i
very frequently.

iT7..T ITCH :IITE (P .icjloi-.:^ ve-trico-us Ne-port

U.. Farned ( .uu.st 22): T-:.-o reports have been received rrcce..tly
in r< d to severe irritation to the skin of people -:*-o .re -ork-
ing --ith co-.peas. It is cur opinion that this irritation has been
caused by the pre-'1:cious mite Pediculoides ventricosus th-.t -.tttcks
the co'wpea weevil and the 4-spotted w;eevil. The reports c:..m, to us
from corresponde-n.ts at Lucy, Ten.. and &c:-drick, 1liss. ,-t the -,r.e
time the correspondent from Xen:drick sent us some :-ecim.-.s hf he
4-spotted bean weevil, Tr'..chus Q-_- xirci12tus Fab.

':I-'-.cQ (Trombicula irrita--s Riley)

F. C. Dishop (.ast 2o): :-.i--ocrs have conti-,u'-i to a.' rcle_
in this section (Dallas) throu-.-oDut the summer. Th'yv ar: ... r" .u-
merous this A".t-ust than normal.

.. TICKS

7. C.3ishor., (.Lu..-jst): A :-umber of cases of tularaemir ;.v: be?:
reported from Lr-,a .s, Louisiaa, Te-.n.essee, and Texas d-.ri-.: tY.1:
smmer. A .um,:,r of these cases have becn attributed to th. bitch:
of '70c.l ticks, presumably *'rmcec-tor v- ri :ili s and 7.I-1' o
"I0_:u-.


7-Z0 -







-307-


KC-S


3LACK I-RSE FLY (:tb-rus atratus Fab.)

Ohio E. "I. Iendenhall (Auagust 6): The mour-ing horse fly is quite
common in the southern part of the State and quite a-cnoyin- to
stock.

STABLE FLY (Stom.oxy!. calcitrans L. )

Texas F. C. Bishop (August): The c o this livestock pest has
varied considerably in different sections of northern Texas. Re-
ports from Denton County indicate serious annoyance from the fly.
In this section farmers have complained of the flies being so nu-
merous a.s to render the vorldng of muales and horses in the fields
difficult. This rather heav, a ndance appeers to extend .north-
-r- rdGo o-',an Gr-ay so,. Counties. Dairyme" i:i the vici:nity of
Dallas report 1..ch less trouble from this fly this season tha:-
usual.
CATTL

?C.-Ri FLY (Haematobia irritans L.

Texas F. C. Bishop (August 25): Horn flies have been present in about
the usual numbers this month. On this date the number per animal
ranged from 75 to 700 up to --D to 2,000.

SCRE37 .TCR (Coc..l i-.*-,-i- macellaria Fab.)

Texas F. C. Bishop (Auust 2G): Scre -"-'ors have continued to cause
losses among all classes of stock throughout August, though the
number of cases has greatly decreased from that of July. Sheer-
ing of goats and sheep has begun in south'-'estern Texas, and most
ranchmen ar-e endeavoring to reduce the number of -:r cuts so
as to avoid scre-.-' ,'i"0m injury as far as possible. The trapwini:
of scre'7 vorm flies has conti.-ud inthe sections -here this -7as
begun systematically in the spring. But the number of flies
captured has decreased during August. Scre--7orm cases .have been
reported to be more wnumerous than usual durinF this season in
eastern Texas as -ell as in the range country of southwestern
Texas.



SS..TD FLY (Culicoides variipennis Co'.)

Texas F. C. Bishop' (a-ugust S): This s.-,I fly is cauT.i-'- some annoyance
to livestock, esecily sheep, and also to men -orki in the
to livestock, e -,eci-lly sheep, L n als to m n -o ..x -








-3o0-


botto.n a-nds close to the c-c --ere te insects breed. In '-
erc.l the number of these gm-ts hc.s 'beer less then l.st year, pro-
oba'bly o"11A7" to ::orc freC 'J; f..o.lir.;-, of t"-- str: -.
,C) oo i of t'-- str -

?1--Y3}. ."

^.<.CH(ol-i,,,,llonel!a L. )

:. S-e (J,.ly ,.. (t, 25 : b--i unmmuvi urfer of re.-rts of
infestations of colon-ies of honeybees -ith t."-- -":a: moth --ere re-
ceived dcurina: .-2u s t.


1 T S c C T S : S T U S A ::
'l\1T S O;- 1T C, T T 7 W :'*" T '' IT S ET S r


rj .---Tip


: is souri


S', i s zi "p)i


K. C. Sullivan (July 23): -' are receivi-.-..- an unu.sually large num-
ober of i 'jies reg-rding temnites. these iiariries are co.i.-:
from all sections of the Stat, and considerable dca--a"3 is being
done to d-eiling-s and similar buildiss,

-. C. T3urrill (.-<;,ust 2): In cv.r.l d stcrec -:" -1: tc'_--,:i flav,
pp ,has att uoc.. the -,ood- -or: -, iincl.di-t ti:nfbers in sho'- ca-:.,
.ob,,L o 1-s of severs2, dr,:7,,ers Oil C"XS n ,
-.-ooiie- buohs of several Jrars 0f drugs, and the -.oodcen floor of
an a-lcove -..ere dru -s are Otored. Rest of roo i fi in tile
an, reenforced ce-..ent constLruction, br-c'- front. -"s -st has
also a-ttached furniture crates hnd old boxes in an oa i barn.
n'T S (ol -oLoxc i d- I)


.. -Snith 1 ): Oue of cur correspc.-:"i.t s at .a: 5r"-s
sent nus a number of seci-...s of the s.l sgar at, _-eo" -e
(=yln-1i) cp. -ich she cl. i .:j had been givinz trouh)le in her
house for the pt t;o yours. .r. Horace Gladney, o:e o our in-
spectors, reports that he found a sill of ai souse -t Ocean Spri",
t r ouhy tnnel l.. iy ant ic as beon ideii t-.J'.
riter s C. ., :. .. sues,., rasilis .clef. Tz is -", t ies,
'ic njrm' ly set in &"ll and 1ins of trees h s b eet t. .
a number of ticx from hou,: s in this State. Its haDits aure very
silnila" to tose of the cr enter ant.


R. R. ith (August i): '.e -*riter o's&'ve:1 nuptia fli-.:.t of
tc fire ant t'hig- il.ce at t .. The d-y had bee:' clear and
very .r'-: .r to the t: ,.. of the fli-hi ".' *or: -.O-s, mbies, :.,:d
l this .t -.sre s.. over the grounld in lar,-c numbers
Very 'md 1 fly s ob: "red to hover above the ants and to occa-
-on-)ly dart at the ,-or' cors. .s ..' as four or five of the flies


Ne br asThm





I



-309-

--ere seen at one tire. 7-hoen a fly struck a .or-er art it vould
fall over on one side and act -s if it hr d lost its euilibrium.
After remaining in this i;osition for a fc-: seconds the ant -ould
get up and. run a-ay, apparently as b'is-ly as ever. -Tone of the
flies -ere seen to attack thei cle or fale ats. It is hi.h.-ly
probable that this is the phori2 ily .e idact ecn cra-fordii Co@.
-:hich -:as originally described from Te:.as.

PHaR AOH'S .1iwT .onomor i(m *:j" i haaoni s L.)

hississippi I. Smith (A-ugust 1): a corres-Dondent -ho lives several miles
from 3ilox:i sent in for identification a number of FPharaoh's s.
She stated that the house -as only t-7,o years old, yet the :ant
--ere overrunning; it.
S:*-;-r_ n :: humilis b a-)

Texas 7. C. isliopp (August 1): elegr-a: r? ti-e at repcrtec for
the first ti-e in Temple.
?C' O'-,-- PCS! -Z'l-7-S (Lvctus spp. ,)

Indiana 1. iley (Au-gust. 20) -: Th-e po-der post beetles -eere reported
damagi .-L hickory timber at Russellville August 4.

C.r 32TL" (i--_ntrenus scrop-kuilariae L.)

Indiana J.J. Davis (.ruust I): Carpet beetles --ere reported dasn ig
furniture at Osziai J-ly 25.

CLCT E3S II03HS (T ine E -_ 1,- '_!_ I 1. and
(Tineola biselliell .
Indiana J. J. La-is (eu -st 1): Clothes ots o -erq aundand at t Cer-.bia
City.

SILVLRFISH (_-i s ,

Indiana J. Davis (Xiajust 1): Silverfish -<-s reported )aE;gi-- rugs at
Y appanee July 25.

H. K. Riley (August 20): Silverfish -eres found in a clothes closet-
at .onon. August IQ.






UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA



3 1262 09244 6268







































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