The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00039

Full Text





THE INSECT


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological conditions thioug'ic ut tlie United States
issued on the first of each month from March to Dccen&.cr, inclusive.


Volume 7


June 1, 1927


Number 4


BUREAU


OF ENTOMOLOGY


UNITED STATES


DEPARTMENT


OF AGRICULTURE


AND


THE STATE


ENTOMOLOGICAL


AGENCIES COOPERATING


PEST


SURVEY













IN SE C T PE S T SUR VL Y BULLE T I 2


,Vcl. 7 June 1, .927 o.


OuTST Fs-,: -AThURS I7 TS 3UlTD STR 7-.:a 13/l27

.essia. fly sr -r,- has becn completed in 2" counties in Knsas. I-
general, the HTessian fly infestation is hecavie:- than t7-o years ago, <-'hen a
very serior.s outbreak occurred. The crop in -ny fields -i-ll be a total loss.
Desite unfavorable conditions, central illinois sho-s about 7 oer cent Hes-
sian fly infestation.

Duri.n- the first week in a, cole, --'et eather placed the corn in
ce::Lral Illinois out of danger fror-- the chinch -.. aer in the month re-
,.ts of threatening numbers of this insect v-eire received front i'isso'ri and
p-zts of South Carolina.

The lesser corn stal_'- "borer has appeaed i. e very injiuriouis numbers in
Jachson and near-y counties in the so-thorn -part cf "iis'isi-p-. Serious o-t-
breaks of this insect ccurred ,n 1921 c,

The clover leaf weevil .as oeu m uch ; ore a' rdant than normally
throughout parts of Kas.,as and iisso.ri and setiot s iaa-.rage to thu alfalfa
crop was only prevented by th1e heavy rains.

ar--. cut '.o-.- oractic.ll! r-i.-.. alfalfa =i; s1ai grain cropc in
certain areas of South iDaota, a los riCu i -c -
ported from parts of Oregon.

COer the v'estern third of K '-sos he pea aphiid ini esta'tion v-as assure-
in- the status of an c.utbrea"- in early April. Heavy rains, ho_0,r', toward
the last wek in the month reduced the n rs of this insect to negliible
proportions. Reports of serious d, "-.e by this insect .-e been received
from Uta.h an' so.tern California.

aphids on deciduous fruit tr:ees are reported as Ieneral less abun-
dant than usual over the -e' York State fruit ` bt,,ut from >n I vania
southward Tthr -irginia these insects -ere moderately ab" r.*nt. Aphids
in subn-ormal numbers are reported from the East Central States andfne Pacific
or thwe st.

Codlin moths ea pupati during the second 7;ek in Arril in Penn-
syl'rs-L'. About 50 Per cent 77ee still larvEe on I'r 20. Thi, late trans-
form-ation of the codli.,- moth -"'as observed -.;est'r across ccn ral ::issouri.
In the Pacific ,orthevst reports froma C _-.n indicate that FO0 per cent of the
larvae had pupated by Uay 3.

Through Yew n:sland and eastern Fe': Yor-': Stat. south,-ard to Penr.nsylva-
nia the eastern tent cater:ill :- is pr-C'.] ent o,.'i. to be ttractin consid-
erable attention this year.

-S9- LIBRARY

STATE pLANT BOARD










YTumerous reports vere received from the prune and pear grovirn, sections
of Cre-on of severe damage cav..-,k' by the .-ear thrips. In the fruit belt of I" .
York ?t:t.e little co.::nercial damage has bc'n occasioned b' this pest.

T>e peak of the second generation of oriental peach moth larvae was
reached the first week in :-- in the :-rt Valley section of Gor.:ia. This -est
was reported for the first time from Holly Springs, Miss.

The plum curculio is nrch l.or e numerous te?. it has 'been for a number of
years in reo.rF- the fruit
years in Georgia and South Carolina. It is ;so actively att.ci-. the fruit
crops in parts of 'iissouri.

Following the excessive rainfall in Missc-.i, f> .,. by the "d co-r.
ma'got is being reported. This insect also did considerable d...-.:x e in ,;arts
of t-rizona.

Reports of severe cutvworm dr,.m:e do not seem to be so prevalent this
season es during the last two years. Cab a-:e plants in seed beds have been
severely damaged in parts of [ewr York State, and the peprermint fields in
Kalamazoo and Clinton Counties, .ichigan, have already boen ?se- y atced
by these insects.

The corn ear worm is reported ;s *-=.ch more &'-.n'.>t in the >-'r'? 'al-
ley of exico than it has been cu-in- the ,pat four seasons' in, :o toma-
toes ranging fro.. 1 to 2- p-r cent. -:-is i-isect also a.'L.rs to e very nu-
meroas in ala"-l -here adults vere observed on April 17, and tho first c---s
of the season on April 21. There t;o reports from t'.c -.:.:;themn I-:t i ;.ties of
the continent ;,ay indicate a year of unusual abundance of this st.

The cotton flea hopper .Vas hatcin.zi- in rather ].ar:e --.. '-erv from South
Carolina to Texas.
Very severe daaeag by rirevorms to tobacco is reported from the Chad-
bourn section of 1Torth Carolina where d.--,a.c -r-:'ns in sore c s fCoM 0to
90 -.r cent.

An unusual outbre,-'.. of the Santo"c "-o carone b'uttr-ly vas reported
from Haiti, and the most severe outbreak of the :-, .-cane beetle -r recorded
is now under ray in iisis>':.

CLT'STArDi :0:OICc. F .)J S I: C' D 7- A Y, IS?7

rasshopners -.atiy decreased in -:. i'- ;s in scuther' "iti'sh Col-.':ia
durirn- the late :u of 192', only the Peace River bl.,oc .. t--. Cariboo
district are expected to -..rience severe out,.'e.ks durin; the r ,,t season.

Tircv:o ms cou.dr'- an estimated crop loss of 3 .-0 in thc province of
.'-:.t.:t'dfwan durin- 1026. and present indications aro that, vith aver.-L,'. n-i'l._
-feather co.nitions, t-.-y will cause .i.-. *r tha aver..-'- c in .. 7-
inorms continue to be the most ,,desp'ead insect '. in Al rta.

Th.e western 'heat-'t s. fly, which h ,av the :ost serious C-" of the
.'tc:- in :.:r 'w ..;?, caused an ostic.atcd financial loss of


- 0-_









-91-


$12,000,000 in that province. The rusher of hi'er-ating larvae recent in
stu-bble l.st fa.l '-'as -". g -ater tzcn t cvr fo1e 1, aCd veny severe d _agC may
be e...cti drig 1927 unless premened by unfarcale ;-cri, con!-itions.
Te vest-ward spread of this insect has involved more than one-third of the
wheat-gro -%ing areas of Alberta, and the rerair.der is seri culy threateneC.

Prob)le outbreaks cf the ,western army cutworm arc ind ic atd inL .-n-
western SasIcatche-an and certain sections of sout-,urn lberta dvri'g 1027.
The red-backed cvtworm is d.ccdedly on t.o dercr .. in Sasatche an, and iC-
portant aa, outside of 'adens.. anc th posible e:.eption of the e.re....
southeast of the province, is not E--ected6 during 1527.

The Colorado -cotato beetle infestation in British olumbia, '-ich is
limited to the so-utheastern corner of the province, oc-- S in ,o areas
in the. Crsto ditict, 0 ro sra oo: to e--nie a'
the Cro7'ls Nest down to the international border.

The San Jose sCale is vez.- scarce in the Yi- *ara district, OntarCjo, o-'i-
to parasites and .nfar..... weather coditons ",--- t. e p.ast t7wo yea- s.

a survey of the currant ... i ire, onio.s ri--is --'a!1 in the Victoria,
Di.nca-n, and Co--acoa districts of ritis" C<: has rC-el. tt ti pest
has spread very- lit-cle during the past fe'-, .-,ars, only eint infested local -
ties having been found.

Te pear leaf blister mite has become fairly abundant in the Geoi7-i-n
Bay district of Ontario.

j-. new apple pest, the gra,--ande I eaf-roller, lia mY:y..1 i eran., r has
ap:--ared in the Amnnapolis v lley, 1Tova Scotia, dur-Lr- rec-: ,-r. 7t t>e
present time the pest is centered around lerwick and L, ,-.l.e, 'L it is also
scattered over many other sections of the valley. It is c-. u its, t
is not likely to become a serious peso in clean cultivated orchards.

The eye-spotted bud moth, Snilonota ocellana D. & -. ,as a"ain the most
serious orchard pest in c,-.'. Scotia during 132 and threatens to be just as
serious, if not -corse, in 1927.

The willo,, leaf beetle, wvhich infested willow throughout the greater por-
tion of south and central 1anitoba during 192S vill in a1ll _rohioility reappear
during 1927 and extnpi-id its activities considerably to the -,strd.

The bronze birch borer is causing considerable inj:- to ornamentsal whitee
birch in practically all the to-;,s e"ad cities of "ew 3runs7-i2.

The sa'.in moth has increased its ral.-e in British ColsvKia, severe out-
breaks being noted all over the Fraser River Valley from Vancouver to Chilli-
-C.'ck, a distance of 70 miles.

Caterpillars of Pin pestis zimmermani G-rt. w-ere received in pine trigs
from Lake Annis, Yar;-o-o.th County, _Tova Scotia, in October, 172oS, cons-it-ti-
the first record of this insect in the province.










&2'T\L T'>lr j
.-.T. ... .. (rp )
1i4L. b "~:It..' __ sf2p.


-,'7 York


Ci sso -ri


Illinci s


" *-th
--rolina


Illinois


E. F. Felt (Hay 24): ,.-. first srr-aXW: of -.'t-' beetles w:as Os --
v -: at Orie)t s
V d at print, fol Cointy, Zay 9 (7oy7 Latham). Several
bceties i-ere ir f2 -t at Bainbridge, C....: county, .-" -4
(L. J. Johes). e fev s-'cimens w-ere s s-- a ..' i1
and :oay 7, though tser, -'s no extended fliht. serious iC -
Ji-a'y hy the *rui2-; to l'-i spr'ce ir a nursery r;as report: .
from the viciity of Flt-,s'u .

C. IT. Ainslie (I.'ay :0): .rlite'grbs are very mnuch in L-'_dence
thi7 ..rin.. ever-' ier: in this rc,-ion. T-e cold daTp -eather
ha. t as fr -- i- cfhecl and has, also ei .-"< ..._
ge-ce of the adults.

L. Haser.n (April 23): The first arrival of June 0L'-Mes in ap-
preciabie nuimoers occ-:'red on the evenin- of F&:.r -. 23 in cen-
tral ,,Lss7uri.


C F 3R A L A C, D :- C F I S 3 C T S



ss:.- ?LY (7 "-".-._ Gestrnictor Say)

J. r. Bi--cr .- D): Dcspite very uri-ravorable Teather condi-
tions, bot:. fJ-all an -pri.hieat I-' central" 1.inois no"- show'
a'bo't 7 per cent infestation.

-. "". cColloch (:: -- 2): The ,essia: fly has taken a i:- j7-p
ir '-be State durinE t-,c xosc month. Cnar srv.;s are not com-
o.ete -ut we ha1ve definite informcntioi for thc com'ies, F'.,
FLan"Ce, 03]i.*ds, Kiow", Co 0i -ncne, 7arton, 3taf a F att, at
her, l7....s7orh, Rice, Reno c sor"
Sed..-',;a ;k, ,ri r, and I'la'ion, :*""* pa ts of Tl-Ok- Ici/e-
:.1a", I17ers, e -.is, 2rssell, '-4ncoln, S:line, and i cknson, in
whichh the fly is ":rr--. to be i''-sent in .a'.. n: :.:rr -', "..y
fi dso in Eici-nor., Ellswrth, Saii.- -ice, I'd .ton co-
ties will be a tot:l failure. In fa:t the infestation is heavier
tha-. t-:o years a 2o., '*hen this area snff.'-ci such a '... loss.

C.-.... ,, ( ]i:'z J, l.2co-t: rus Say,)

J. O. 0 ,or (.-,- 10): ,.G first e: t of the c :i... on
corn COuSs ircx. Fairfield C.nty. is insect ros resent in
lar'c niv. fobczs in this section t.: latter :art of last year.

. .. .... . i: r (::-. : weathere r of the
present s in :o~s hoeon rainy, .'i ra,.rcer >elov normal



















"'i s souri


most of th time. Th.ile observations by Chandler and Bigger in
central and southern Illinois have shoyw chinch bugs present in
a few fields in sufficient numbers to cause damage, the continued
rains will make conditions such that these insects would not
cause damage during the present season. Some chinch bugs could
still be found in hibernating quarters in central Illinois 1a: S.

:. EascTan (4April 25): The spring mirraticr of chtrch bugs to
wheat has attracted no attention, and in central .issouri there
has been a very light Tovc.c.-.t of the pest up to the end of the
month. (ay 24)' In spite of the heavy rains some farmers are
complaining of threatening numbers of chinch bugs.


FLJYIS FALSE JI7RETORK (leodes opaca Say)


Kansas


J. "I. UlcColloch (14ay 1): Larvae of this insect -,'rc received from
Goodland on April 21 and from jakceeney on April 25, uith the in-
formation that they were injuring -eat.


J0AI JOi1TT TORQM" (Harmolita tritici Fitch)


north h
Carolina


Z. P. ::etcalf (Hay 24): Reported by the county agent as serious-
ly d.azl:-i;*he?.t in Stanley County.


C?.'._ LEA APFHID (A.nhis maidis Fitch)


Louisiana


T. E. Hoiioway and ;7. Z. Haley (May 10): On a plantation near
Thibodaux, populous colonies of 7phis maidis on corn were found,
attended by an ant, probably Solenopsis.


SUGRC d'E BC.2? (Diatraea saccharalis Fab.)


Louis iar-a


T. E. Hollo ay and 7. E. Haley (May 10): A serious infestation
of the sugarcane moth, Diatraea saccharalis crramrdoides, -as
found in corn on a plantation near Thibodaux. The plants were
from 2 to 4 feet high. On an average, about lS per cent ?ere in-
fested, the infestation running to at least 50 per cent in spots.
As many as six borers, mostly large, could be found in a single
stalk, and some were below the surface of the ground. So*ie pu-
pae were found. i any plants were stunted and dying owing to the
att.ck. A so-called trap row of corn next to a sugarcane field
was found to be only slightly attacked. Trap rows of sorghum
seemed to be completely free from attack. Cn being shovan the
extent of the infestation the planter stated that he would im-
mediately pull up all the corn, put it through a silage cutter,
and feed it. The YTiter pointed out that, in case of delay in
cutting with a silage cutter, the stalks should be immersed in
water for three days, such immersion having been fourJn to de-
stroy all borers. ?Yot all the infested stalks showed the leaf
scars characteristic of the early fe-ii-:.:. of Diatraea,


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}Mississippi


South
Carolina


some cases such feeding scars :v.ere risked -;, the larger holes of

-^STp-- f-uu-. :eli.


K. L. Oockerham (4:1:y 11): Several fields cf corn: mat ?ica -ane
ar.e dei ..a.ti.l 2lle, so that the far.urs rae plc i"-. .p
the fields for replanti:-. The insect sho-,ed u-p very s'ilenly.

R. 'J. Har-ed (1.ay 24>: The lesser corn stalk borer, la.-co.'ls
""io nqel lus_ appear tdl in injmurious number i- 7-:'o,
:Uver, Jeferson Da-vis, and. ?i:- Counties in the so.thcr- art c:
the State. Serior.s o-atbre*-. of the irsct ocrrra izn 1 :.L.
aain in 124. o cc-. saints were received i 1 5 and 132o.
The crops injured so far are corn and peas. In rrovious ':-S
sugarcane, sorghum, and beans have also been seriously i ci.

A FLzA -.3-1 (Halticinae)

J. 0. Pepper ('ay 5': P.pcrt h,'ve been rec eived ith c" cimen?
of a flea beet-le, stating that considerable d a.-.e is ":i-e eo:.e
to :-.';.- corn plants in the field in various parts of the rid-
mont section.


CRO:- CD CC 2 71 TT-........ ( v c-r ws hiler i orn)T


aorth a
Carolina


Sou th
Carolina


J. N. Tenhet ("a ".. infestation of the corn and cotton
.... ~ ~ n~ -. n... of the cor
vire,-,ornKorir.ouos 1l _lri .orn, 'as found toca in a -a3cre
field of c.orn. --pprox.0. ael, o;e-thi.'.. of the field& --as totc,-ly
destroyed. AC 2Wny as 11 larv:-, '-ere found in a ir.-e hill of
corn. This oStlrea, -ho- E l, is interestL..-, as this species
has not previously -been recorded froi. this icaclity.

....iZ CUCUI3 B?.- .3z.. (Dis'-otica duodecics'flnctata Tab.)

J. 0. Pepper (Hay 12): The larvae of thic insect are doing con-
siderable :.,:e in many cornfields in anc-erson Conity.


Geo. F. Knol-.! ton (:ay o): Ot',orm.-s, are cCausins d to n-.
fields of alfalfa in and around Richfield.

CLC' r .. (C."r 77 nctata 'ab.)

J. ",r. HCol loch: (::ay ?'.;): 2&iring the -cast -nent. 'e have had me-
j.. ..... to-e.z n ave had re-
ports on injury to alfalfa, frorn Euref-c ani Han.ta, -. to
clover f.-oi Plea -anton.


7"- -- -" '.\. S (-,, etu d ae


Utah









Kansas R. C. Smith (april 29): The clover leaf r-eevil has been u.'.l-.11
abundant this year in alfalfa. iHave found it in every alfalfa
field examined lately. It is less confined to spots than usual,
the occurrence being rather general over all the field. The larvae
are about half grovra now (april 23). There would have been damage
had not the recent heavy r.i so stigmalated gro-wth. A field on
the Ccllee farT. was beginnin- to sh o- injury v'>en the rains 3slv d
the problem. So-e diseased larvae have been fo--...., bat relativel-
few are thus att- c:....

AT.Y C'IT'"J' (Chorikazrotis arxiliaris C-rote)

South Dakota H. C. Soverin (:T- 13): Over so-e areas of Jorauld, Dou-las,
Aurora, ad Charles .Pix Counties the destruction of small grain
and alfalfa crops vras practicall.y tot-l. .lfalfa is beinz lept
do-ia by the fr.e iJ' activities of the -oera in so-e areas. So-ne
,,rms are pupatings at this date, but the greater n1mrber are not.

Oregon *on C. :eote (:Z- 5): western ar-.y cut--orrm -axoa a-resta_ (Clcj i-
a,, o tis au7iliaris Grote) reported b-, county, agen-t H. .ver
pril 2-, Union County, doizn damnae to alfalfa, and by county
agent 1. C. Donaldson, April 9, 7Callo"a Count, daoin;-- o
-hmeat. These tTo o-tbre !s v;ere verified by' --r ..o.. '.oo. 0o
reports under date of :.ay 5, that te" 7-orr-s v-ere very ,v thic in
places in '.allo'va County but that inter heat had made such good
growth that the v-,orms r-jould probably not injure it seriously. I
La Grande t:.' -. had badly trinr-ed one youn- alfalfa field be-
oro the ranchers jut out poisoned bran bait.

FE"A iFID (Illinoia -pisi Salt.)

Kansas R. C. Smith (April 2 to 28)" The -ca aphid was assr-o:inT otbreak
proportions in early- April in the eastern third of the State. The
first report ras from Sharon a? :.-inthony April 2. ",7e have had re-
ports from roaet 3end,z_lina, and iopei> since. It occurs C-t *an-
hattan in every field but there is no percpDtible iuy -e
Pl spots started in ...- fields in southern Kansas. I observed
on a survey trip coar-pleted Ayril 19 that the neavy- rinc occurring
over about three '-eeks of A-oril so stimaiated the -ro.-th1 of alfal-
fa and destroyed szo many aphids that all dang-er of a. outbreak dis-
aeppear-ed. I cbser-ed chita .erefield at icit-. the aphias were
abundart end inju in_ half of a 10-acre field on 1pril 17, cut
after a hard rain on the l r'ye could find only a fow apsids; or
L;ril 19 there -'ere not enou'h to conduct a control cxocriment.
-.t this "miring (April 22) the alfalfa is growing rapidly. Tle
aphids are aily l.tiful, but o ijry is parent. A severe
freeze about the middIe of the month would have givn us conditions
of 1921 ,when over -00,00'? acres -ore lost because of this insect.
.....~ ~ c,, -ise:ch ta .
... colloch (y 20): The pea a-:iQ "as responsible for con-
siderable injury to alfalfa between .rril 20 and :a- 10. The


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Ut ah


California


Cal ifornia


California


a~oYhid- are still a .-.' t, but with rood go-rdng weather the al-
falfa has been eei ah ea" of the apnids.

Geo. _. .no-'dt. n i-)..." ; The rea aphid. is doing considerable ,IP-
age to a.falfa, affecting o fields in central Uta7 so severe-
as to cause it to beco- yello- ed and& stnted..

-. a. Ca -pbell (pril 27): C'-ontin. d cool '--eat'-.- thro-..,-._-t
xpri1 held back alfalfa .-ro-tth, "t. -p:.it- i icto of
aphias. n area of approximteli 1 ,7D acres infestei, rost 'f
bac.ly cnou.h to ssve-rely chec_- the growth. She first croO w7ill
be both lat2 conmidceraciy re .c..

0on -. ::ot. (April l07): Cn i! 27, c Scll and
his class in ecclo y a r of vetc:h -is (!--noia :s'
i nfe st -ation. The field siurve--ed contained 10 acres Cf c '.':-
vetch. on lo-,- gro :ed. etc a sout 10 -_ Ii: 2-. o-.r
s'luaJ'e -varSX! ^ e ocLr e. :4,'T'e :)1 p a--ts sF ^^i S'3
terce:0ta-e of plat, infes ed, 21 per c-t. "ri& an' "i-!
f; mostly the latter c "ere pr.cset.



D. JI. Lr'hS is 1): -l ..olr reported serious i' esta-
tins Ofcosi:h.. s.. Sr, attacin a t1or .-.o'It
the Honev Cy -o 72, Ie-ev, Lasse-on 3o-:t,. SSvcral tc.san acres
-3 3.1involved. a.1he -" i o- n "- . ... of.'1 5 rea- of
-nto'.oloor., iric.tes t'--i t losses -ere ver -. ":ere to alfalfa
roe--rs, t "parasites nd other natural o-e.:ies -are prese-t in
ab' ndce a:nd practically sroi. t:.e phi.

").I v i,! S~ C~..
v.-....:. ,:1 .- =- :{'- b .-7- 7^ (J^a .:u..;:^ oeilX.l C.Cic Cii "= .. )

T. Ur",--. (l.-a 1i3,: a.-. C. -sjr eported a-.i -' a "" '",
_,..,,.. p. ell9 cid_, ac severely a'-.t- inr c. :-& nd a fal
the. fo.othill.s in Lcrn. Coun y, *.v'iere 2y..'.phs and. adults ere -
grat ir. from the can. ns.


0U2.TJT 7 .~vIZ (7-. -: ~-t eb )


:.i s s oJri


L. names sn Aprill r): ..n u u ia1l1v hc T- ide:"ic of th e co : r
le f ea c2 1-i1 a d0 cr nk ; 7op"' c-cr of C h, 0>c w -f rai S
le. -e -i i:a 'I , -;o ,4
.......3*-.n n ,, c pc. a o. O e upn 2 e vsifett o of rt e:'].
l ac ...'"ith a f... "s di -a ",as not. ..I at -"clloT..
1ti va~c ri th oC* l(aO *~ "o... .L..









- 7-


FRUIT I Z SZ C T S


AFHIID. A


1Iew York





California


Pen-ins-ylvania


C. R. Crosby and assistants (T:at 2) Reports fro! Suffolk, "uste,
Chautaua, ."ayne, 0rleans, aid Coluia Counties indicted tt
a-ohids are generally less abundant than usual in the :- Ycr
State fruit belt. Yates County, however, reports. tt 1 tei are
very abundant in some orchards.

T. D. Urbahns (:oril 1S): '. C. Barber reported aphids if lare
numbers in Kern County fly-ing and attacking such cros as each,
melon, apple, and cotton. Later investigations sho7Ted that LI i_
:._oss_ ii,_ and Aohis medice-inis 1-ere pro'_-!:ly the t-'o species -t-.
ly involved and that they 7-ere migrating from the i.:-r.ense acreaP e
of grassland where the _:rass and weeds .:'ero dryiric: off alonp the
foothills. ( pril T19: p. p. 3rawn reported or:ids o-f several
species in unu-sual abundance in fields, orchards and truci cro s
and stated that lady'6ir8t beetles, lace 7-in_; larvae and 1-7;,eo-o-'7
terous parasites y-ere present in 1arre numbers, in Tiulare Cou'nty.

SPLE

_':?7E G-R iI 2 j- PHD 1 ( -'^^ ^ pruf ol i_ it ch

?. rorthley (:ay 11i): Vistied tro orchards i- hich -ere found
infestations of 1 to 10 per bu, .ios'ly oat aphids, ^hoslocio'2.
urunifoliae. Colonies moderately abundant in nev roth c' ap(7 e '
Ne',._llhnington, La'-Trence County. -ll stages, inclding -in ed o.i-
-ants, present. Sten mothers beginninl- to a-tcn ad aDear on
opening buds in different counties as follo's:


Fayette ......
,. h h -i .t on ..
Allegheny ...
Bedford .....
Blair .......
LaII ence ...


Virginia




i s sour i


:a, 24 ...... 15 re bud average 3 orchards
::ar. 25 ..... moderate 1 or7chard
::ar. 25 ..... .. .odcrate
;Iar. 2o ..... 15-70 per bud or onc.aCds
a.r. 2 ..... abuLnd3nt 1 rc C-rC
r1-7 Per ud1
Apr. o .......1-7 per bu. d !


S. Houg-h (lay 15). A survey 17&S :rde of an average f 10 trees
in each of 10 orchards in Frederic!: and Clarl:e Counties; an aver-
age of 10 aphids -er bud in most orcharrdr-'s fon. The sta e
of development oi plants m-as delayed dormant to m..i :.

a. C. 3urrill (:ay 20): The oat aphid seems to have l=igratcd fro:.
its host on -,hich it m-,as sparing1y present' last :onth so th1 t
there is no considerable epidemic ere.












77e- York


Yev, Jer sey



Illinois


Or egon


7en York


Virginia




Pennsylvania




Illinois


C. R. Crosby and assistants (April 8 and 9): ?rese,.t in no:mal
numbers on opc-irni buds of apple in Orarnge and Dutchess Counties.

:ew Jersey :e'-s Letter (April 25): Green ar-.ids ap"c--r quite
plentiful in orchards -here effective control meaz.u-sare not
taken.

7. P. 2lint (i.ay 23): Light infestations of this species have
been reported in a few central and -est-central orchards.

Don C. iote (April lc27): Eighty-five per cent of the green arple
aphid, -phij o:oi DeG., in one orchard in the '?i -.:ette Valley
were hatched on April 12, accord1in; to 3.' -b-.*-mpson. By .y 2
all eg--. were hatched, and there were fair-sized colonies.T.
infestation vwas light as compared ,;ith last year.

ROSY AP7L APHID (nuraphis roses 3c;':.r)

C. R. Crosby ard assistants (April 22): Fresent in ---l! .;..bers
in most apple orch-.rds thrc,-u,:.ouat the State, iv.cl...i., Long Is-
land. This insect is not found in Clinton County orchards.

A. S. Hills ("ay 2). Only a f- ro!'7,-- ..i are found in Grec.-c
County, and these have curled the leAves and are rejoodur:::7.-

a. 3 Burrell (:hj 21j: Confirming observations .rade last .'.,
this insect has not been found in orchards in Clinton County.

". S. Houghi (7:ay 15): A survey of auout 50 trees in each of 15
apple orchards in Frederick and Clarke Counties -'as made duri-i-
the bloom and petal-fall stages of develo1'E-:'nt. Occasional
branches were slightly infested.

H. E. EHodldss (Ilay 7): At P.atching these insects increased nor-
mlily in the central part of the Sbtre. During. the period of
April 10 to 2ay 7 there has been an unusual rcd'ction in .u ,ers
so that the infestation is neligible.

7. P. Flint (:. 25): Yo injury :,y the rosy c.:ple aphid has been
observed or reported in any section of the State at this c. zon.

-'CLLY pPuE jr i-D (Sri,-.oma i 'ri -.-- Hausm.)

R. '.. Harned (:lay 24): Reported on eapl from c"-bert .-A:il l4 an
from Moss Point ":;-v 10. .-entified b A. L. mr.


L :LI:_ .C_. _.'_.. .. 2 __ L


e7 TYork


3. 3. Crosby and asqistaits ([aw 2): About per cent of the
ccd1in' moths collected in Orang-e and Ulster Counties are in the
pupil! st 3'C.


APPZL APHID (GinhiL -r -i Dea. )


His sissippi









-99-


Fenn slvarn.ia


h-. "ortniev (:-.. 12): The fo'Io-inj is the "ovrlon7 t 0.
the over-,-intering brood :


Count v


Blair
La-T en ce
If
-r ie
11


South
Carolina

Ilinois


Date

April
-<7Qr i I

Apr il
..ay


L'il.~ ~ -,


J. 0. Pepper (:-,-, 1-): ar.y ap:,les in Cconee County are being
stung at the present time and a fe'- cota> '-or -s.

,7. P. Flint (:iay 23): e cool -et -eather of the spring has
greatly delayed the em2,r .ce of the so ing-brood adults of the
codling moth. Exsminations made in orchards in cl trial l:,
southern Illincis between .y 17 and 20 showed that 25 per cent
or less of the overrt-t erin,, moths 'ad emerged. learl y 50 -Oer cent
--ere in the pupal stage and -ill uncoub'tedly produce adults ,-ithin
a short time should the weather r turn -'arm. Over 20 per cent -Teye
still in the larval stace. This condition brings about a peculiar
situation in the orchards, as v.Iere orchards were orr-. accord-
inrg to regular schedule -fr-it i-ruld ot receive. adequat- protec-
tion at the ti-.o I.-, the- im.ai first-brood larvae -er atcinig'c,.
In southern" Illinois ener-ence st-s,'&, on April 2- and 'ill p'roa-
oly contin.c ',-ell uo to -th iddl of Juno.

L. sso:.scan ( pril 2&): A hea-y rOcd f' emsn.c -Uor
ilocrnation, ':.t the birds and disrass dav reduced t:.ir nuim-
'bors i c.u-..^ly and at this ti:2e ecn the orc_-_-'d .a in
tested last -.ar th-. ,rms and p-upae al- difficult to find. --*-.
tion at Cape Girardcau began n -a-'ch K, and t'h first emergence
of moths occurred on. April 13, ard on a-oril 25 approxi',atcly 20
pur cent of the larvae in the- breding co:i>.;. had o upatod. in
3uchanan County approximately 50 per cent of the larvae had papa-
ted on April 25.

L. Hasearn (lMay 24): The codlin- moth is cmrging '-ith :mch ir-
rmeularitv this suminer. 3r- 'i- cage records from the southern
part of the State sho-ed first moth emer-nce. a t at bout the Ior-
mal date as compared -7ith the development of aople blossoms and
young fruit. In central Missouri the first Dme',gence_ -.as from t-o
to four weeks late, being a weeh later at Colu.bia than at either
Ka.nsas City or St. Joscph. The first mot --d a Col-b ia
on I'. 21. This i_ 7:7larity anld late cr, <,;ca -ill increase
the difficult y of tping ti frAuit rotctc is tcc 'oms.
In thc southern par-t of the Sttc th ot__s aib nem i
uioo r-egularly over a period of a mo-nth and haoe thus far --.d
no signs of reaching a pocak of emergecc. "pproximately 2o pqr
cent of tho mcths had emerged at the end of the rst month of
emergenceO. Excessive rainfall is also int"rfering --ith the cf-




















Pennsylvania


fective spraying of orchards through the central and northern
part of the :tate.

Don C. -ote ('Aril): Cn ,mril 25 about 20 per cent and '>-y -
50 r' cent of th *,1ing moth larvae had .upatec-, accor-`:--
to 3. G. Thomp.o-::.

.APPTL BUD ::OTH (3la.-rc: --". Ticolana ::rtf.)

-. 3. Hodg-kiss (K:ay 7): our-danit in orthura.bcri ead Co :-.t:',
chiefly in unsprayed orchards or dhere dcla-- i-dor7nani spray
:as not applied on accotint of seasonal conditions.


CI 5R C..-. :-.. (Coleophora fletchcrella arn.)


7cw York


C. R. Crosby and assistants (ipril 22): lo-ond in s:all numbers
in most apple orchards, but &.ore co=wcnly in -'estern -c-r York,
especiclld .,hcro arscnicals have bcn omitted in i-st years in
the early sprays.


FISTCL CASE 3-.R (Coleo-ohora 'nai'orrlla RiU-)


-cK York


C. 2. Crosby and assistants (Ap-il 22> Found in sm.ll n:I: rs
in most appl orchards, 'but 0ore ecm1only i stern e- York,
c I.cially c'here arsenicals have bcen ooittUd in pas y,., rs i:"
the early sprays.


-=TJ._,. 71 TH (-mnetoccra ocollana Schiff.


01-7 York


Yew H-:' hire





Connecti cut



Yew. Yorh-


C. Crosby and assistants ('Kay 7)": "ile cc- oy ornd ov-r
all th State, reports from 7restorn I'r Yort 'icatc t'- .i
pest is uncon only abundant especially in orc.i :rds "ich did t
receive an early poi.-or. -ro).

-. \T. Taylor ("" 2)-: Bd ror's are '- uitC activ U in usr -rcd
orchards in Brie Coun" this year.

_ASTE2R : CTTB3BPIJC (lalacosom .ricana Fb.)

n,. C. O'Xln' (?a, 1,): Infestation b- tent caterPillars is +otty
as usual. In --.i .-', localities ,e'bss arc so :ri c in cv.oence as tc
1&i-,' the roadsides unsix-htly. In others they arc relatively
-cal ce. -is usual, -dild cherry is the princi-al host plant. r---
ple foliage, ho--ver, esoceiolly o "olct1d ..tr C.s, is at....

17,. E. ritton (tolay 27): ubout as abundant in sot3 localities of
Fairfield and i'o, Haven Couit.ies as last "-:.:', esL abi 2-_t i:
other r s.

E. P. clt (Ty '): he iap l. toent ca t arillo, i ......-.
',r. a, is iro r .rous chan u I-.-.. in the Rochest r -.- s .. re-L i
ported as quite conron in the surror '.i: comntr- (2.rL.or.;.










-101-


Abundant as cornmpired ,ith average ycars at Rockl-nd, and. at Bain-
bridge in Oh'.,- .-o Co)nty (L. J. "j on&s). "or. at, tundant than
usu, al about aonE;sco, Li to ,rn Cou 0ty (2R. A. c-ren). O1o J'u
dant than in a nurmboer of yecrs at Crient, SuDfoj k County (Roy
Latham). The pest iu somenhat abund.t locally in tr- up ::r
Hudzon ',aJle, vthe oat oriil"a being mere than hulf ro.....
(Cly 25): The apple tent caterpillar, i'alavcco-a IOr_.,oc-
curs in less -nu.mbors than during the past fc-, yests in the terr -
tory cxtcr.,1l.; from Pouhkcloepsice, south of NeYo Yo... C:ty and eas'e
of Long Usla_.- to n t I3 r7i, tonmb its number bs bic appr o it "ly
on-o-or.th those of 7To years ago and in some sections probabcly
over one -t enth (. ":. Armstron-).

W. E. Flauvelt ( 2ay 2): Tnt caterpillars arc abundant on apples
and poaches in Orange County.

C. R. Crosby and assistarts (,pril 22) In the Hudson VaT!ley
thVi neTly formed nests are co:-on]y found on roadside troes and
not uncommonly in cor.Cerciai nlaontings,atac'icin a-!lcs and othe:
fruits. In western ,ev Yo-k this pest is rarely found in co-ie.-
cial plantings, but is fai,1rly co-iion on roadside trees.

Pennsylvania H. E. Hodgkiss (7"_r 27): -f .ant. in many apple orchards in son.:
central counties- \.hpr3 nclected or -ncrc sprayi-uo'ng: oils ',ere a-,-
plied in delayed dormant, note ,'Lero load c;ar catE ,as us-d in
delav-yd dormant.

APRICOT :L2?-"Z":L (Paraptoc'hus sollatus ho.)

Oregon Don C. .Mote (A.-:ril 1927): The oak ,cevi Par a-Pt o us qell atus,
was observed April 12 7", 3. G. Thompson feeding on apple grafts.

SH1I32- CAIy-- "CR": (Paliacrita ver-ata Pec-)

iNew York A. M.0o. ('- 2): A few spring canker 7ror- larvae have been
found in Ulster County fc-di_.L on the foliage.

E. P. Felt (:---r 25): C-no.r--i ., probably the spring canker
worm, appeared -,,ithin the last fow- days in southwestern 7'et-
chester County, that is, along the north shore of Long Island,
thocg, not in large numbers. It is quite abundant in -.Tite
Plains and it has appnarcd f-rth.er north to-r-ard o.t. .isco, ,her_
it had caused v,.r.- little damage heretofor:. It is suested
that spraying and increase ir the n7ufber of inodt enemies has
greatly reduced this post adjacent to Long Island Sround VThereas
in the uncontrolled areas northv-ard there has been a v,-,ry defi-
nite increase.

TR.!R^'--ZD PL-,P T UT (L_-_R pratensis L.)

Pennsylvania H. E. Hod4giss (lay 27): Found in abundance in cc-Lt-al Pennsyl-
vania p-unoturing stems of apple clusters as they are in the 7ink
condition.








-102-


APPLE REDBUJ (Lgidea malidax R-ut.)


'oev York










.Fennsylvania


4i'e Yorl:


Oregon


Vor York




Vi rginia


Illiunois


C. R, Crosby and assista&ts (""-' 21): Rc;crts from workers in
Tassau, Orane, E'uffolk, G-rccne, Qncnd&a, Colurbia, -"aymc, Nia-
!aa, arnd Lonroo Counties inicr.to that this pest is present in
moderato iumcrs in a few orchards but the percntaf' of orchqrdi
infested is small. In th counties bord:.-rin Lake Ontario in-
fested orchards are confined principally to the southern r rt of
these counties-. In Greeone Cou nty th first r "of ?rc'd
l-us al.i.nu v'-. s found on ;Iay 12. Lic-.n- ro::l._ .ever, is
novl present in large numbers vhile the other spucies is not com-
mon. This condition is reversed in 0o;nrI-:g. County.

:. 3. Hodgkiss (.ay 3): Th..se c-ere all in the first instar in
n-lOected orch-,"...ds in Dauphin County. Rather general. First
report in 1927.

H. 'T. Worthley (.ay II): bup-ndnrt at Me'.7 17i1Tinmton, Larrence
County last year. Just hatching. Grower could find none t7o
days ago. Today found 25 pa"r cent of terminal leaves stripped
by feeding, Ath 1-L first instar bugs at each terr-.-.inal. Trees
just past full bloom.

APPLE R _ BCP2?. (?h17,.:-,-,crthr. cJll-ris Erich.)
,. ,2. 31cvelt (1-7 2): Ccnsidcraicz injurry from the round-
hca3.dd apple tree borer -,asz noticed in several 'ouni orchards in
Orange County. One borur du- out r'as in the pupal stage.


L/-CE7 -U; (Corythuca sp.)


Don C. I:otc (A'ril 1927): Tho first lace -i-T -E, Corvthuca sp.,
wnore observed on appic trees B" 3-. 7 '.,.'. m _ril 12. r few
were rating-. 27-r 1 no young cre obcze'vcd.


SA1 JOSE SCALE (-oidit1' ._rniciosns Comst.)


n. ,-au .I ('" g :
E. 3.auvlt s- l-3: T ,s ,zce is rather scarce in most
orc.-,rJ- in Cange Cou ty. 1o serious recurrence has been re;-.
cc':tcd from orchards ',.:re no strays have been directed a-ainst
the .'.s;.

7. S. '":.,,:." (-y 15): A survey as ...e of 25 trees per orchard
in 12 orchlards near .ine-,coter. From 10 to ?5 t.i/.-S per tree in
the ,--,.'i swollen stage wore _,...st-i.
.iPLE FL-. 'o-rLrs (- r I te7 rE 0 llicorni.s pSy)

P. 1-i,,t (., v 23): Thi's insect hes been quite decstructivc- in
so." orchards in vrestern .nd >.*;,:'-ce2tr:l Illinois. In somc or-
:rds it is prcc.nt in v.-' 1-sr:7c nuT.bcrs.








-103-


aFFL CUvrCULI (10 cir t r2'-.s Irad-rigib'xs Say)


Missouri


Few York

















Yew Jersey


NTew York


--L York


L. Haseman (':' 24): The apple curculic began attracting atten-
tion in the orchards alorg the "issouri R3ver about ay 15 and it
is actively feeding and oviposit-nr, at this time, "., 25.

7j?.CPSa T RBD .ITL (Parat ecrayclu.s ilr ss -n. Fanz. )
.. Boyce (April ): Light infestations of ego s in all orchards
in Ulster County on apple, pe ach, and "hch-ry. *" 'nor
apples are using oil sprays with the object of destroying the
eggs. E. 3. Frane (april 3): Infestatioe of es-s in . tchess
County are li.hter than last year at this time.
C. Cr. osby and assistants ( -.ril 22): 3y this date cggs -ere
starting to hatch in Crango, Tlst ur, ,a t cfhtoess Count i -h1,
it will be a week before* blooming. (:Liy 7): Reports from the
Hudson Valley indicate that hatching is late-r than last -car. Re-
latively fe'r; appeared on the learos at the ti:re the prcb1ose'1n
spray was applied while last season a lc.rge perccntagC of the e rs
werc hatched at this time. In sternn Ye"- York hatchirg- has
started,and the bruds arc in an almost ideal condition for making
a preblossom application.
A. S. .fills (May 2) : V r.- fe7-! rd -:ites have hatched in Ora;ge
County.

Pew Jersey iCews Letter (april 7): Red. mite S '7Jre found hatch-
ing in -c'i Brunswickc April 20, and hatching should be 7el1 ad-
vanced in South jor soy.

]- .-'

7 - 7.SYL!e. (i s:. l 'r

C. R. Crosby and assistants (,-ril 22): Deposition of eggs has
been heavy over all the Stat,. a as --,ere hatching in the _Hudson
River Valley a rcek before b'lossoming,. It is nIot likely that :a.ny
c6!s will be laid during blossoming as the a'lts .r dying off
rapidly. (M7.y 7): In the 'Hudson iver Vly -here ears ore no-
in bloom it is evident that considerable oviposition occurred af-
ter the cluster-bud c.g spray .-as applied. In :estcrn 1c1 York,
nhile many late c.-rc e oro laid the og- spray applied before blosso
ing destro-e-d a larger percentage of the total .. ,, of eggis than
in the Hudson River Valley. Hatching tarted oearl and a consider-
able percentage of watched ny,,phs '.*_,-^"_od r'cl before blosooining.


?. Z. Bu.c:-. (..', 21): P Iar leaves evcryhere s:o':-- infestations.
In one orchard near Lake Ontario, an orch',arC oi thec Sccicl Variety
is severely infested. The foliage of the tres has a reddish cast
that is noticeable for sohase distance. res C
that, is noticeable for so.-Pe distance.


I:SriR LEAF BLIST--R IiT3 (Zrio-ohycs- :yri Fgst. )





-104-


77 -- -`:t ( r t- .4- i r., ..i l ey )


10'cw York


-c' York"


C. R. CrOo-: v.b. as3zint2'ts T. r1): 2cports from Cra:z-.c, Ulstci
"" t tt. -"- arc
iDotchees, ead. Colurfoir o'r.-.tic indioatc^ th t inf^Bo-^.. ar
r a th er c c:.;no:r ,c .t li ; .t In D ;t '" v..ri..i c c: <. -
l So. ,, n oc, .l- in 1lstr all -7 tios C; fCl
o-.i.... infnst"d.


7,. E. Blauvelt (April 0): 1rc. ... n .--1 na'u ers, a-. ...i:.
c,: i- no d.mage in c:incrcl o"hrds. a-i "i ): o- c'
pear or-.h:rds in Orange Count --ore oadly olastod, bot in ,-cn-
oral injury -'as light. The olIa&6r7 r-.:::.ts dat -'r ..
have boon received: 1. 3. -:chhoz, Columoia Cou'ty: '-. L
atll-.DL-_--t. Some 6amago to pears already noted, end if "r
continues cool considerable di..-<" 7ill oceuo."
S.. '3ills, Greeneo Cgo .nt+,y: --'- nT.o_bcr s have apa' .-' c, on
Sccxcl and Xicffcr vari tios of ':,,.. D.--y-. i:."
A. M. oycc, L-lstor Cor-ty: iDL to- gradual -- ce :.c-
vancc& stage of pear Ga.ds, littic or no (driagc sa .C. tO 0
ccuzod by this post tis season.

. ranchc (:`,v 2): Thrips arc doin.- o'TO c,''":-o in :-.- 't ---
County, even -here the clusters are: i S:-.. -".
3 5. Lchholz (I'ay 2":,-ips arc doinf- some dmr-':_c in ol-,>.i
County, u'.t it is reiativcly light.

Don C. i'otoe ( il !27): ho mcar and prune thrips, ':not:'"i-
m s..u-ns_, -'ap first observed oy J. 'icox on I!arch s7. -:is
thrips isu:uualy abundant t i sprir. r, umrous :-. rt. c:
serious dan.-,e to the,. blossom spars of r-'unc. -r', pzars ar, cI-
in- r ported.


Z. Franc (:say 2): Clovcr mites arc a'- .i .t i. on,, n-1 ctecd
orchlard in Duttcicss Cornty.

-a' '-'- _-o ('-"n. s rr tvitc_)

P. 2. "'.,':''" ('.--il 22): Heavy inf"stations have oe -"- 'c.di
t-o cr thrce pear- orchards ,hilc a rr'hcr of others in .i'..c:
Conrity h,: light infestations.

L Franc (:a- 14): -a s "t .rtc. to .L tch on i"rt ." trc
n.cs-b .:.- ....i to su::li ht.

F5hCK
":-.-;" F^ C :JT- (""*_-,-. .._ "* c".,, 8ul2.)

a. -"'os'., and asesist--;ts ("ha 1) ""xvy infostatic". 0f
ca have '.e found in lstet:r andhew infcstao i- ntieo.
'.ar cs G~e"co o in Ult r Ir iohnti Ooniz:


"c,' York


Y'ew York


Or. r


PE.&. THRIPS (! i "" .-1.'" ',." U oi)


C -C"-7 Hi- ('. 'I 1... i.: .7 Xoch )









-105-

A. 11. 3oyco (April 0): Younn nymphs found in moderate numbers
on opening buds.


California


T. D. Urbahns (Eay 15): J. 7.. Dixon reported aphids attacking
poach trees more severely than usual in Inyo County.


PFACCH BORER (Acgecria exitiosa Say)


Georgia


0. I. Snapp (May 20): The peach tree borer is apparently more
abundant in the Griffin section than usual. In most cases wvhers
infestation is heavy the paradichlorotcize :.o treatment Yas omit-
ted last year.


CRIE1TAL PEACH :MOTH (Laspeyresia molosta Busck)


Georgia


M1i ssissippi


Snapp & Swringle (May 5): The peak of the larval period of the
second generation was reached in the field today. Second-gener-
ation larvae are in both t--ags and gre-i peaches. There was a
rather heavy first-generation infestation in an orchard in Crawr-
ford County in --hich October peaches are gromn.

R. W. Harned (Mlay 24): Larvae and pupae that have been tenta-
tively determined by J. Lc-n-iston as Lsoyr- si molerta were
collected on peach at Holly Springs, april 25.


FLOZER THRIPS (Frankliniella tritici Fitch)


California


T. D. Urbahns (Hlay 11): H. A. Crane reported the wheat thrips
attacking peaches, the infestation being quite general through-
out Yuba County although not especially severe.


PLTI- CURCULIO (Conotrachelus nenuphar Hbst. )


South
Carolina



Georgia





Mi s souri


J. 0. Pepper (May 2): The plum curculio has occurred in the
Piedmont section in large numbers and some peach orchards have
a severe infestation. The weather conditions have been such
that a sp:-'a, schedule could not be followed.

0. I. Snapp (May 20): Larvae to the number of 5416 -7cre reared
from 5 bushels of peach drops collected on April 11 from .ort
Valley. The infestation is much heavier than it has been for sev-
eral years. The drought has been detrimental to the development
of pupae in the soil during the last month.

L. Haseman (May 24): This post has bccn at -ork feeding and lay-
ing eggs since April 30, and is still actively fcd:iz- and ovi-
positing on this date. Early hatching grubs were from one-half
to two-thirds gro-n on May 13, and are now seemingly full-fced.














Ore. on


Flew York


F-JTT TFEE LEJ -?tri3 (_Seta albida Le-.)

DonC. .ote (.-.xil 1i7): The 6ycmta leaf .'c.tle, Svneta ?Jid?.
Lee. ,ac f.b o'. -fctq in n crt"-' or,'--.d by J "ilco oa
March 30. C>-' pril 72 7'. . Lo'rC'- re-.:,rts obe ing it in
.d- n in7'ci s attzcin .- ,le r-saft. s ay 4, this '-eetle is
apparently niiot so n.'je-:ous as it 7as last ye r.

3L (3IDITG 2... -'R--2 _-O (:_- iver _ens ,.i:er)

E. P. felt 2- 4 24r): L.rv.e o0 Xc3t o'-ta div er-r s -ere re-
ceic'iu fro'n Hinltinijton, L. I., a-n -c0, dat d-fiiitely associa- d.
with e--u, i.i oj sap from a s,.-oet c',:rr tr--ee that was in a
decidec-dy u-anl-althy condition. ,


FJLL C 7Q,01 1ORi (.J -D I. a. c. tar .: Earr. )


California


T. D. U1-Lses (pril 1S): 0. L. 3re-orte re:o'_t--c the fall c.an-
ker worm on cher.zics cnd- pr-nes as t me most ext asive and severe
atta@!: e'&"p- _'nzd in 20 "-"3 in :.,'.' OcC ....ty, Tile they
have 'ec'- j cn in o't'"r $ .,-s, bacirds -"*...lly clean up
the infestation, but this year blaccoirds are uni.sually scarce.


3LACK Cr-ZY `PHID ("-:.- cerasi Fabo.)


e--e York


Z. E. Frane (::ay 2 ): The cherry aohids are :-:--od-.cing.


LT-. CA.X7R T70M1 (B-learita. er -.ta Fec6:)


California


T. D. Urbahns (-pril 25): .. ,illis reported the spri::- can-
ker worm attachin- the prunes in Oclusa C ty T--.' i:-,-e sta-
tions ;ere qite cormn:on along the Sacra .l-to Riv':.


RUSTY ?L.:" APHID (F-steronemra setari-e -:os.)


:.is souri





Mississippi


:i s souri


A. C. Burrill (::ay 17): Very numerous on home orch-r'd ani bickc-
yard garden plums. Al so c-i escaped wild brooh'ide ,'Iips of
plum and peach. ( :ay 20): -' _' rusty plum louse is now becomir.n
general on wild and cultivated plums, and oerhans :,_pe.-
sprouts.

R. 7. -.,rned .'(-' 24): Feported, on plw:i from ::oss Point on .rpril
20, fror. Ruleville on April 27, idfrO.&'- Ornorart on "'-y 21.

:* STALY L , -:I) _oltcrus .l ..... .Fab.)

L. (-..-.ar ('" 24): 7'..:re seems to be an :.,u'.u '_- l ?c-.- dance of
this brownish loi.'..: on ",il plums und on c'-.tain cultivated var-


-1o6-













California


Calif ornia


California


leties of o .... J 7._. .. V.. or
lefcie f ?L:. \- cnta i.ssourl. -.Thie very abundant on
some trees it doss not seem to be seriously damaging the :ro-h
of the fruit.

T. D. U-'cahrns (,.ril bio: -, ... Crane reported o-pt erus r-jn-
ii i u-n e- cr. st,,-.tez on"
^-IL .'.o. a&,.' arin in t1^e pzune erch- rrls, ,,...^pa-s ,rto
one ran-h 7,O,C(O lzOd'-ir. beet-e-, eizj cc e
Pvo ecn 1 iberated for the par-oose ota,-E qmi CI) o
Hi. a. Crane reported H&alopteru- aru-dinis a'tUacsi -oran treOS
very severely in so::e orchards throughout Yuba Couiity.


T. D. Urbahns (April 15): 0. L. $re-ner reported the forest tent
caterpillar present in the most severe infestations ever experi-
tnced in Sonoma County. Larvae hatched on prune and plu trees
after th young leaves.

A.: BASDT :. CTcP7ILz_.? (a-alacoso-ra fragilis :.'etch)
T. D. 'Ur"a'no r'"--
-. I. Urba: ns ( -ge..ril7 25): 2. A. -illis reported the Gr Basn
tent crteroiia 1r lce-- -- K. as attack king ?ru e treeP i
considerable nr4be-s in Colus, Cou.ty., the attack on orune tress
being rather unusual for the district.


APIi IDAE.


1'*7- York-


a. M. 3oyce (;>;, 2): The big green species of aphid -7as found on
raspberries in se'-er! plantings.


CUTTC.'7 'S (-7oct idae)


-es" York


. rosbo ( 3-ay 5): Crape "- in several! vie-_ ":-is ,ere seri-
ously injured c; 1 climbing cu : ''i. zs while lIght inJnry -,r s foynd
in othe. vineyards. The .eneral loss is -probably not so heavy as
last year.


C.-Ej LE -:pChiE yroneur cc7esg Say)


Californi a


California


T. D. -Ur bahrb (n il 19): F. R. Bran reported overintering
adult-s of the g rae lea<--oper in considOe-rr-.ble evidence thrc:-.h-
out the vineyards over the entire Tulare County. Indications
were that heavy infestation might be expected, and growers iTere
advised to prepare for special control measures.


Fl D. ~ a u A c l 1 9 ) : Z a
L. a s9. 3ottel reported ,-' -'- S .-N ic

ATATS PLANT BOARD


-C_3ST iEI-_' C^TE=PILL (C L:-., distsria -'"n. )


.A VI^TL. (C-.vptoscelis .j. -ul.t sr.)


















Oregon


~-e7 York


7-ew 7-rk


Ore--- n


'3ccr::ia


s aI7!a P s Pt1a." & f. s a"' bdsr causi-". consider-
aL< >LJ- i.... :. ..c.. .of e CoIa Valley in River-




C .7."1 .. ...: LY (7-, 1 ,: "'. L -is. Loew)

Do C. I-; (o.> rii ?77): :>e currant froit fly, -o::a cana-
,* .. ..s, ,'-rr cl- .7 :'-c. th.e f nld for the first time this season
*., :. .il I1. Last yar the first flies wcre ob-
served. An; 11 !8.

CLTPiT A.-;r' (::- s ribis L.)

E. E. -Evl:'l ('7:?7 2: a few7 curra.nt a'.is have started to work
en the -.'e s ini O r aie Coun~ity .
-T. o7<'Lc (: a E): The currant aphid is fa-irly prevalent in soe..e
p2 tchxvs anO thc first signs of injury are showiun, up in Orange
Cc L. ,1 .


a. "** -icy (hay, -2 : :, cr.ant -orm M *- have :.ce:. found.
.... it 1 21): 3ur,.t infestations are rather gen-
era, but nut " ,0.0.

3 ,-1,a- rC yj-,RI C- -. (Zyl ocriri arassizi Lec.)

Don- C. ilote (A1ril 1.): Adults of the b-':k goose'e-r;y .orer,
Xxor. W "-'-isi ;er foe-nd in thie field j. Tj.lcox -"Ir
!) (L. --".u s2...'..' d2e .-'jrvae ,ere found in the >turrc 7 inr th.2
root ant crorrCi of "he plants.

pS CAL

KQCRLOY APHID (,on :i *J r-. c -ryae eFarr.)

.. .... ;r,2d ('a 24) r on ec'-n at C-rec_---ood 3,
an:. at ",-b y ra..; on b y a. t C1u, -xai, J. a: 11. -dri di ed. "..
A. L. er



. ,7. [''' o -: 2^ ): S cf" f" ,12 .... -. > I b ot. B_ teon-
t r 'a ; i;:'':.-,". .: .. ..2"2ca'O at O ... .. ... h"1 "L 1 e d-
7t *r 7- ; : 1 G a t 7, n Cn : .
i : t ..... 1 2.3, ::a-, at. y e '


~;mi 217211' ~. U (~&'K~-. ~-;' -~1~ 2iJo)


C. i. s. :-


"".:J f T'it- r-er
* e: rt is v,- r- < a, -it" .-r-d,
V a ~-y i I' -ca~ 'r .c -3 ''e- i


-.HF-RzD :7.._ T "7C,. (?t.oPilea ri'-e.i Scop. )









.~issLs3pY)i


7. 7. :.ed (:vy 2T-) : pecmns of the pecan leaf case bearer
:=crobasis rsa.lella.. rere collected on pecan trees at HoTisan,
ril 25 and at ,atchez April 27.


S0C:-:-Y-SHOCT CJI.CULIC (Conotrachelus aratus CGerm.)


Ilississippi


k. "7. irn- 2 (:'-- 2-'): Specimens that have oeen identified by
J .. cn~ston as probEbly CQ..otrachelus. aratu3 have been re-,
crive.. ..frO 5o,'.-.. en, entiss, o..-a, lesson, Picayune,
,. o -- : -_.o i ,-.. n n i o .... Pi e"-
.-sellre, -iid ICe-rhebr-on', '-iere th-ey v ,r, reported as causing seri-
ous daraze to p7ca. trees.


..JT-T C-- :FRIITR (Datana int.eg rr ia G. r R.)


?iissi ssippi


R. 'a. Harned (:--:, 24): The first colony of walnu-at cater-illars
Tas oC-erved at Ocean S-pring, April 2 5, fedig on pecan.


SALL :,EBJOR:": (H:ohgrntria cunea Erury)


:~ ssi~4j.


z. 1. Harned (:_ay 2.4): '2he fall webworm, WRphantria _cunea, has
made its appearance at Picayune, Peerl River County. Specimens
"tak:en fromr pecai trees were sent to this office on 'ay 1, 1927.
Specir.en.s taken fror pecan trees have also been received from
.,oss Point.


APHYL.O:J.A (-:"ll:::-a notabilis Perg. )


1 ssi s sippi


R. 7.-.Iar-ned ('jay 24): C-ells on pecan, have recently been received
from Yazoo City, Jackson, Colu-aus, and ::eridian. They have been
identified '-r a a:mner as those caused by Phylloxera notabilis.


CIaUSb

CITHICOLn S3C AE (P o3.ococ: us citricola 'uayle)


California


~~Jabama


T. D. Urbahns (April 19): F. R. Brann reported the dcitricola
scale Pserdococcus citricola, as sho-7ing lo;v natural mortality
and corre:.-iin-i hih increase in Tu-are Coanty, and encouraged
timely control.


TRU CX-CRCOP I1S1 C T S

.1! SOELL-i.- O-US 0 .... SE. S

S-O7T'D CJTuj.:ER 2-TLL. (Diabrotica ducdec imeuncta a Tab.)

1. 7. 3rarnon (May 1S): Jadults of this sr1cies have been found
feeding on beans, :ustarc, turip, cabbag--, beets, and swis.
chard in this. locality '2ir:ingbam).













L 1 : ,.


*t;: ::.--, e rai-ifall and the
c. iIc n T _ji c. e f d- a T3.a e of
2 i- c.L.-i ,a ].- ely in the case of


'- -- : ;c -r "-, ..... 3, c. 5, r" 31: te seo-corn
a s --'l; present over the Val-
...... isj to v Cuna-
] ' -,-:i .. ...* .;:i .: 'ct. *; -.; it:sect causeJ. jo to
r>J- -"' .:" .' ': c .. Or..c l n cc ftalci.ne, and. b'b ':3 -
'.*' c: -.'. "'". c s ootje s m' '. t that --.rn.a : ` e s-orrati-
<.: ** : *-* ,rS ;.-"* *' .. ..~' is a _. l ,c-:i;;h.. tP-o-"*inr:-e.. fly' rh-n soz e-
.1 a 3zmal 'oI c-lj-y; :.ndi co;-es to liu-:. at -i-'-t in
7'T- b r". je .


....on (:y 2): This .c.c.ies is doing serious damage to
7u1, ps, n .- ao '-... 2.- ;"c is s" kic them vi'nmaret-
c'' : ... -- -----fs in t is district (K-ir.i. -.) aye


CC",Yffi ;0 17 S (: ctui dae)

,23 a-i. c.^ist&-ts (h;-.y 21 : In i--l'fol CCoity TY... ,-:
c' -- :;rO-.r ci t, cr ..r... .. lOss to e 'rly C& > 2," ..1.
;: c ccrici; injury has occurred in -b' cedsob' s
i'. f'.e. ulste"' Co-inty r -' ts serious irfesCtations in
O-. ,-,.-, "s- 0 -, n " ,> -.4 ,.

ci:' -L -. 0,:. Cm'-on --mys.-
: "'* -' -* ". ":*-,. ( _b y 2 0 ,/ C -a i,-o -. : -^ r or : ey, "_.c t i v e i n e p p e ,'":'i.,n t. =
... .....-'* ...: ?"! *' .:\ -Q,"]-[', c.zoo ano. C ,.12_. -tfon- ^c" i'~i .... -l.< n ". of ti_'? !" > -r'- --
[ ':"" '1 '-**;,. ,--r ;r -,l;-,=t at a ap ....? !':rvae are still :-al an
a> C, 7, L,.7ac, a 70
-, Ct r- A: 0
t- .''*'~ -... ~ -i ".& -' -- .:'. - : _o other 'o e ore
........- ... h rr: .. t'iz season of th e t7-

""-- "- --T ... .... -----' "- -


J -- l.. 'ol. : (C a 7)" y't h i this insect iere rec.- ivcd
"" '"-hh~ i ....r...

~~~'r< -~-- --.-- I- - -\


-I-.S'


., 1" i ,: 1 '' 1 >t s c c:":r t c. c- the
... .. . C' .. .. +'.e~ -
c. -
.= 0


.2I. crx i


L. ":

:*


7.." . . - .... i i . .


Si^T7LD F 2 ::-. (EF.!or,0 eta v"7.+- A- b.







-111-


E:C-FLT FLEA BLTE. (Aitri j11jj Cr )

-a L. -7. .. ....o ( 7Ly : s sp i c 0 _s ff fl DCe t asI do-
inr. considerable damag-e to t- pant- in tis C ni, ..ty
(3it =i n_-h-^.).

A PLc i BUG ( pFvc:oderes i-acu7Vyat us Dis:c.)

Hexico A. ". orrill (:ay 20): '2ris u,:-o is -resent i-n uscral .inac.
during tie fall anr spring vegetable season, attacein'g e an,
squash, and cucu-zers. It was oLserved onlY in s--.--. ..e
instance a fe- row's of cuerers rere comrplete3- rui-ned ('.....e
and -`af-i VTalleys).

EiI:aCH LJE. _:--R (/-1_: _"-. oo ,y-.- -F. .. )

re, York :. aylor (l'ay 2): :irst lies of he spinach traf :ine -ere
observed on, U.rch 7 and i t. s o. .. -pril 19 nn eri Cout O.


_____ Cal--
Ohio -e. "-7. :Ie enall (I :a 23_): TIn- may ca:-es in aLa a0.o' Colr. .o.ns,
peas, lett: ce, raLis es, as- otl- er arde: -,taoles aree oei-n,
attac".e by,- slugs cn .a.cc-,t of so .-.ch -'et co-dy e-a'- .

Wisconsin O. 7ic- (:..y 3): _s e e t -e- ... r -evere -st yar -
.iscoesv r a ardcls on ca'Sa:e, leotice, ceree:, ana like cr os.
Several report are already in -is ye. -or '.'aterto'-n as to
the resece of lar.e -arober, of t-ecicens, c. .....
crops are not yet above 'ron.nd.



30LL ... "-G: -Hl ot i o, .o] ,:cr J-o "

Pla.a1ra L. :. Brannon (h!.y 2k): Icwatc :70-t --or'7 oils vee see fly-
ing aboat in the field o- .1--ril 17 and t,:he fir tnato
Cvorm eg of tohe season -?as -c:ond on tcO-Ztoes on zprl 21. -hcs
eg t cathed on -ril 2 the larva 1 07- aot half ron.
ggs of this isect are v.r o -r- r, on tocatoes no'-.

Mexico .-. :orrill (:a, 21): Ach o-or.. a-nant :i -ertoe V'l7 e e -r-
i1 thIe six nohs veetal :r_-etinreh sis-cn e-n '-Ca 1, 1e c7
than -in an. 7 of fo0r or f:iv.e pre.ceing se.ooso.. .>ry to tooa-
toes ragd fro 1 t_ 2Q -e cent. 5n Uov.c.hbe -ad Dece -ber, 152o,
it '-as very evid chat th"is pes .S C .0 .r ativel> ao'ua:naint
hil it ocat i to rato deprnedatioos, ', to:i:fea loca_-
eli ''as c ^ '."D el c- ce-,



Mew7 Jersey _ew Jersey ,ews Lette: (--ril .. 5): Ci... --ere fo. : 12 -rig
to'.atoes in cold frai.es.






-1.12-


.hexico


,. in *c-lt (:ia- 2U) a t
ha4. "occor.c 2ite co:i..o; h'
_ in s&eltrej spots, at


-l^ fle2 'eetle, ErAtrix ci0~?c?-:c's,
ay ., da .n'.- potatoes only -.iht-
-ie't, Suifolk Couty (ioy at_ .a,.


.':.-- LS I.. 0 lu. a)


T-o, York

C A.i or0ia


-3u,<' &1:u-ry i common in cold frames.


Tt. 2. L 'A ("4. S) .... ottel re,-or-ts slu s causir._: .n-
so e- ale dima.e tc ttc .c,7,to1 io CoacI-'I acl a le v, iver ide Cc.nty.





J. Snfe (ay ): o,. **e x:. ot flies are an.ant in l'f-
k .: t ie .... ....t> 'r iL the fields set with c ;b,'

j.


EG--L;l^ LEA :.IinR ( r-- iLa Zell.)

9. -U. Lorrill h 217: 7e-y fz-- cf these :;crns -er'-e presc-.t in
-o-rte .T.lle- P t e C A. of 15c2o as coTv,-ed with previous -,ars.
There was a raopid, increase in the .-cs in aroh and April re-
s-litin f in an -ife' x.. r2
suiting in .on infs:t.aion of the tomatoes ranging from 25 to .C
per ce-.-.. Less than: 5 oer Ce-t to ".acn l incre-i0.:' 5 to 50 pr
cent by :ay i.
,.. RD. J.ITZ HiOPF. (Haltic-s citri s.sh%.)


7. ::orrill (:;.y 21. 'oiot 25, OO acres of tomatoes irere
-or,.. ) in ,erte Valley during i;2o-t3 7 vegetable season. LseT2e
".evliyibl.et on Lhole area, co siderable attention given to control
of hoppers in seed beds to *orz-ent carryr.: infested rlEr-ts tc
t1ce fielk'. ; decrease over ,previous tTo .-.o''s c--due to iun.-,-ine&-.- .
use....... Lven ere ..ho.pe s -er con:ider-ed Tr4e.'.tz in to:-ato.
fielis in threatens nu..ers in Octuher and lovemoer, lS20, they
f iled to increase as in previous years. -Ic na""l enemies in
evi den'ce.

C0-LCRi.S) iT ..: .... (.- '-_: i n eata Say

P. 24,t (a:a 24,: Has 'een seer in s'all 1au1ers t:.:c_ the
ealy potatoes ha-e se a 4c:, start at Orient, Suffolk


.. .... 3 ..... (. 3): T,.is insect is doing considerable dar-
aQre to potatoes, eg&-ant, and to;-atoes in this district (Bir-
;i n.ghcr. $o.e of t -e t3iucers Are- sing control measures riith
Cod co.lts While others are icsin- t..ir crops not tryir
to control the in eccts. This insect is fedinrg on tomatoes to
such an oxtont that control meaFsures are bcinr- conducted.

?OT- --' ,L_23-p ri-: c .... :=ri A Harr.)


-e York


"Q-e, York


71. e n'->- T *'! '








-113-


and c arc r i _y i'C.- "... n. ..
r -.ot fliew *"..- f1'T 22r -c ai 1

o"t on the 25th for s t,, t .m.ent
o, s -s tL

Geor ia


::~ ssissip_


Ta.s as


.- ...-- ", -T e -


with corrosive sC rlimate.


C. R. Crosy- and assistarts ,a sy 7) : The fl-es hav-e boon re-
port:'sc plntifm l! fror,- u -,a o_ c-'0 1- e a c --f r.
The flies had not ac'-:yc"_ -- 3-ie C r.t-.&> -. a. c "-:.. -.
....n6. n.in Ch:-t iu .... Co-jc.tL .c this ti-e. (:ay 21): C o Is-
land pr.cticl l of ... c. of the firs ale ero'n .. -
" e-~ l1 'l A -' 2n p ar,-" ^h-; 1r 'Tr?" is csri T^* Cic-.,a?'
C..in r..estern e r 7- l ay sr i
-Co,,-rs wlill use control -e cures, so' Ce for t-e f1jrt t 1ime .is
17 ee'



c 0" rl-2'w I ill
cT at -orot alley, a-nd has Lsericrl d.ad '-v n
co'T7ercil ca'2ha=o fiel s.

-a_,. ?EID (',hoToalosi 0-a_ Tc "r-^a sic, .. Sa7is)

Harced (:ay 2L1): -eported o-n c,-,e fro_ ::-i-tle on "ay
9, and or. ca.b,.e front a-)pe lon a.. 1n. PDtermina,,tion made .
L. 'a-^er


Cc~Ji3~ziP5~ LCC?7 (C:Jt'~c.4nt ~ c.s :-~ Rilep)


J. 7. :cColioch (Aprile 27: ots f a't h cabbage cooer ae
becdn very ab-onclda-nt at D...ht andic- .... t--


DI-DT -"K ::cT (i0' el la "n C-rtis)


j. ":. ,collo0. (hay 1 : a ra the: eve.:e i-fstation of this
moth :acs fo-and on cab',a-e i, Wl y CoRn- a* 1- t h 'attfln.


I:L_ JI- uC ( .". nis:r io- -ic7- a ,a-n


J. 0. _-epper This inr:sct is dc in considerable : ..e
in the Piedtiont section on c'a_,a o. it is also present on co1-
lard.s, turnips, and icale. it is -anusually abandart.

C. I. Sa? (a 9): A eav infestation at Fort Valley of har-
leaquin c:boa e s had de:yt.r..el a. fie 0" of rape ," this date
tn.at had been late ld on a pon'cr, tarn.

-7. Brannon 1_.: 1): Ad-lts of this insect ap-ear to be fairly
_=.dant in thi- lo .li.y ( ..c.'- i---: ). --' asses are numerous
Also n7 2tci; cab..-e, t-rni.ps, and Trastard.


tlabama


2 ', -"a.s


oJ.-.th
,i r o /nii-r*
1. c l'j i-foJC






R. n2rncT I s.7 2" : Secl-eus of: .... .. hictrionica wer:
ccl c C c- n tv r>iis at Liis, i A-s l 28, and on turnip a.- ra:..e
at 3rLoo,. n-vo -.ril 2D.


?en syvavni a


&'- Yorkc


H. -. "orthley (:a 1): 3ro; --t- in from one f :"at ila-.,ur,
31air Counyn, here ault v were found ridil.- straerry
leaves, appearing seriously a t. Collected on ay 7.

TrofIHD L:T T;- (Lvgs prat~ensis L ) :

Z. .a., (ce ayr 24) This pest ap-eared :'ay 9 to i- in the
s .ra'-. .:. fields in the viciit of roonett, result- -.- in :rac-
cal'y 10 por cent destruction of the crop of 'r-ee berries in
a tel' t ,o to day's tire.Tle i.c".. epidemic, it s: :, is not
,^crAtl zh'.... :5ome d' ..c -e is being done also in the strawberry
fields at Colum'bia.

STR 'B^RlR ?IEA. BTL3 (Haltica ignita Ill.)

Z,.... are- a ), ?lea beetles collected on stra,-'erry
n:ants at cOaevad, ::arrh 2 ., t$, nave -ecently been determ-ined
.... P,_:r as raltli- iti-t-a. Su sai-iens that have been
tentatively identiied as tr.is specs b Jr ~. I. ston S re r.-
c e f ,o G-re-,:ucod, a-y- 20, '-he:e h- ,ere recrted as
ca.rinr serio-as damage to fr:c7sias. OCt.r secics that ere
also tentat vely deterirxed 0y -r. Yn..ston as o-altica litigate
vere received fro. Yazoo Ci-, ;.ay 1I, '-Ke-e th-: nere rorte
cs in jring tofnato and -'.pper plants.

STRi^zn~lY 2S3VIL (^.nthono.TT.s si
2. I. ,r i.ne (I', a 21 ): Ore strrnberry 1 ntin- ::.-- .y .-.iured.

G'?3_ y ,._1 -.2 .'-/-.Y :i..'-'S (in~irja, i.-^^ota. Norton)

Pettit 20) -
: -a aear-ed-. c i: C oo, is -in C. C o nty, specimens h-vI-..- 'been
en:t in by . 3r-T, o.nt aett. He reports a destruction
o. 2 acres of Sr J'-br'ics in ess ho s.
a. 2T L.,r j --us 3 (Pylr, c].. -ucr


T 7. 'rC on1o(0 o 1 0 (-*)
stra, ryo b-ds atDe


.7,ite ;,'- s ,'t e re-orte dest1oyi.n


...n .... ho. ...e -,r 1c w:c ... i." s c.,-ry t a. t evils,
rac- 'I = -li o-r :i: ., tce in the .cill-a:7ette Valley,. .-ve


C'e. ,o-:o


-11L,-


.--csisa.^i


S-T.?, -.r.7.! IICC .;70Z; (Paria canella _Lab )


1ff.-n rsa C








-115-


"C -T _1_ f- a cb Dh
found them in only one ctrav7berray itch and in qthis atch the
-,eevil popultion per plant' is lss th_.n one r-ai le in the Hood
River aE11ey the ve:vi2.s '-rere found in onf, p -o ab 30 feet
sq,3are in one patch at thoe rate of about "0 to t1 la-nt. __,.s
particular plo ras a chelkc plot (1U1reated& in last ycars C-X -
iments. \early mature laervo -eere present in thc' sane fields.

--AT' ??Y R.OOT 2 "-HID ( his for -"ec)

Mississippi 2. ,T. H:rne.l c.. 24.): Reported on stra:72n-r" fro Cori"th
April 14, and from Durant :-ay 10.

ASPBR AC-U S

.SPBAG-US I7:- C-_ (Crioceris C'rr ai 7.)

Oregon Don C. '::ote (&ril 2S): .dult beeltes and e ofs of the asp-ra. us
beetle, C-ioceris as- L.a ere received from ,-ervais on
371ri 2E.

BEA:-S

CTjIFZ BLISTER v-TLS Kc ttta k.)

Alabama L. T. Brann:on (I.fay 23): The firs t tri ped blister 'oeetle of the
1927 season was collected on linm beaus in this vicinity (3irm-
TQ.,T. ).

,.=a.^I i 3L,..-_ 3'^ .T -JL (I:pi3achna_, corr'a'Tta hi-J.I s,'

South C. 0. Eddy (.:y 15): Field activities 'oega on :o y 10. ound
Carolina e--.. aboou'n that tien in the _iedmont- section. activee ebout 20
days earlier than last year.

Alaba,:ma L. "7. Brannon ('lay 1): at this tire 7D per cent of the e:-:ican
bean beetles that vere placed in the hibonation cafe last fall
have enerc.d. One overv-intered female has deposited 10 .
masses in the in3ectar--. -J1 instars of larvae are seen in the
field and c.-, masses are fairly nau.erons at 3iro.in.ha'-. Dan-e
due to bean beetle larvae is rho-'inf up in spotr. The first
*pupa of the 1027 season was found in the field on this date.
First-;eneration adults ,7ill be cut in about 10 C--. Cool
eater is -enrthenp'n al! a tage! of develop-ent.

S3TT3D LATB 1 (le,--il~a, -w.la' f De.

Alab'cma L. 7. Brannon ('lay 23): TIis beneficial insect is appearjing in
large nm er s in this locality (-i:: invhan) -eeiin- on pls:t
lice and e a-s and lorvarcof the -heIicn e.- beetle.






-1. -


7.ZJ L-J'F :_L (C -co r T t-ifvrcata For st.)


So hi:a
Caolina


California


.-.xico


e or -^i


.1 sri s )i3'. X


J. 0. Pc :.- 1::> 1 ): T- a.l ts of thic insect are .-: C .--
,ec le da:.a Iee to 12., 1-r- iti th edmonnt section. The;
e e ......it ^lar6r P.um 3ers thpi usual.


2. -. Ca,, ell -ril 2,): bot 2,0TO acres of peas is
Si Vle s beco infested. C-- -frt of the are-
=-,Ij 1-:r" l; o he a-r
a- e i2 c9dly ini2estJ d, and '-ill be severely d, but ".e
rest of the a c r ee 1,-.i at le a..t -frodduce a -partial crop.

- L13/ (lav i3: v. G. S evep reported ar'hids sever:.I,
attac n b .. nB CnO on'-ra
Uttact-n tja-is an. peoas in the vicinlt Cocod, ootra
Co0ta Cointy. rle !o3, i- esitdmated a2 25 oer cent.

.-rizona he-,-s Ltr lu: o. hr 31:
n--ct- pes-t .ur; t .. --o,-t of :'arcch nra te -oe.a aphid. In-
ry ra fror a sll per cent of da'-B to aracticaliy to-
tal loss;- in so ,e fields large areas of the vines -.::e LilleK.
0r- Of- c iL
J:_U-. lEFS (- ris tJaaci L.)

.... orriil (hay 21, "hion ...e onion- :t*.red the t::ri-s
moved cver tc an ajoinin; field of reeon -as scarred the
pods on a fer'- acres so that tha crop '2as ri h for rcrketi2:
ree.-. -hce -as so-e St! ..y js n- te dried peas u
Valley).


____- I~ S . ... i .7 _


*. I. Sap (h!ay 'U): ,uv- ',s are 'e 'y abundat his yeai
at :-au r llvi le doinye Lc. dcno: i too- -:aterol onc,
e,- 1C ave ruieC, sc:ne field of -elons. >-.c' rs are -d-pi:'k-
1and.s' nco ni i o..l-'.

"7. r.o a- 2)- S"ua are -.--pp-earinm in this ic-
-~ L-
cai k (irnzn / c.'..d re deozsi1in: *y -s on c-._u,, The
fir st 1 r-'"" 'vs c:e- '


-rI: =- (helittia -iuiformis Hbin.)

". y. Cochha- -y 7: v abv date I e. :d a c-.
of srn.as au 30ilo-1 and fou -practical, 7'. ,.t&l bad1l i..-
fest_ 'ith bcrcrs. It i- Ior ful if ethe ,o-er -.s a i.--
fruit fro hi 3 cro1. The sal:s -ere alre r .- dvyin.


jr A IDT (7lli no-is. pi a 5 t.)









-117-


:SLCIT APHID (Aphis gossypii G1 ov.)


California


:;exico


:i essissippi


T. D. Urbahns (April i1): Geo 1rchoa -: reported arhids on can-
taloupes and watermelons in unusual abundance in :!adera County,
the plants being practically destroyed in some fields.

.1. .Ilorrill (May 20)Aphid attack in cantaloupe fields in the
spring of 1927 vas of short duration. nThile gro-ers assumed
that they had controlled the pest in Yaqui Valley by insecti-
cides, I am of the opinion that control was due to activities of
a hymenopterous parasite (.,.1.idi: 1 sp.) thich vras doing effective
work against the aphids on cotton sprouts in pril. I did not
personally visit the melon fields said to have been infested.

SF,,:TD CUCU 13ER BEETLE (Diabrotica du od .i ct-.i t 7 'o.)

R. T. Harned (May 24): Specimens of the 12-':otted cu.-2 er
beetle collected on Irish potatoes at Picayune on l:a- 5, and at
-.yrtle on "by 9. Damage by these insects to cucu",'- s '-' re-
ported from Bogue Chitto, M.ay 17. Specimens 'e-re collected on
corn at Yatchez y l5.


STRIPED CUCUL'E1R FEE.L-- (Diabrotica vittata Fab.)


Alabama


Mississippi


ITorth
Carolina


L. ,J. Brannon (:ay 3): This insect has been doing considerable
damage to young cucumbers and squash in this locality
R. 7,. Harned (May 24): Serious ds.;0e to cucumbers by the
striped cucumber beetle was reoortd from 3ogue Chitto, l'y 17.
This complaint was accompanied by specimens of the insect".

Ti uaIPS

'AVY-STRIPED FLEA BEZTLE (Phyllctreta sinuata Steph.)
-.. A. Tho.-'as (April 27): During the first viee- of april the
larvae of Phyllotreta sinuata vere observed minin; the leave of
turnips and mustard in a small home -.rden at Chadbourn. he
attack was so severe that -rany of the plants were killed. rat re
plants in the same garden -,-ere less seriously affected, only the
lower leaves next to the ground being heavily infested. T:e
adults of this generation bean emergin- the third -nee' in Aril
and by the last week of the month many of the turnips and adja-
cent peppergrass were almost covered with the adults of this
species. On some of the turnip leaves the insects were so thick:
that the leaf could scarcely be seen. M.ch of the foli. Tv was
completely skeletonized in a couple of days. A severe dust
storm on April 30 dislodged most of the insects from the plants,
which were nearly free from the infestation on :ay 1. 1. ::a
the insects had returned to the plants in greater number than
be-fore the storm.









Ilabama


I:L-.RIC. JFED SITOUT 7TTLE (-oicaerus imbric:t.- Say)


"ississippi


R. ".. Hnrned (.:>: 24): Specimens of the imbricated snout be tie,
ric.-eru:;, imbricatus,,v-ere collected on onions and y.:.unz- 1_-unch
beans at Lucedale, April 15.


S7SET POT 1ATO

riRGUS TC.T .... TLB (?ld'.'no-oh.'- c.:.spid,'. Fa b.)


:i issi ssippi


-. 7. Horned (Ma" 24): Sr'cciricns of tortoise ,.:tles belonging
to the species `I'.. .,- '.:.l- c',lc. Idc r v'ere collected on sweet po-
tnto plants at L,.;rned, Hinds County, recei.tly. The corrc':por, die:-t
varote: ''.ey are workin,- in' droves and are eatir.- the potato
plants entirely up as they .o."


TLURITP APHID (Rhopalozinbhunm cujobra.ssicae Davis)

L. W. Branion :'(iy 10): This species is eoing serious irnury to
turnips in this locality (Birmir-rham). Truckers in this district
are plowing fields of turnips under because this insect has dam-
aged them to the extent that they are unmarketable.

CABBAGE CUTRCULIO (2ut or1.,vnc"hru rapae Gyll.)

L. 0. Brannon (,ay 23): This species was found feeding on mustard
and turnips in this locality (BirmirLngham) on May 3. This insect
has not been noticed in this vicinity for the past several years.
The insects were not very numerous.

CiTT 11':
ONION MAGGOT (Hylemyia antique :':eig.)

R. G. Palmer (May 2): Onion maggot puparia brought indoors are
emerging nicely and show less than 50 per cent parasitism. Cut-
doors the flies vill provably start to emerge this 'eek.

B. G. Cook (:iay 2): From Genesee, Vyoming County, it ras reported
that the wvarm weather of the last two days had brought out the
first of the onion maggot flies. Three were found in one of the
cages on the 30th.

C. R. Crosby and assistants (May 21): Flies are emer.irnz in
large numbers. The first eggs were found on May 17. Growers --ere
advised to make their first application of 2 per cent BordEzU-Jx
oil on M1ay 23. Last year considerable dr.a;ae occurred to onions
on muck land near Cherry Creek. This year growers are azplyinr
control measures. Many eggs have been laid, and most of the l1r-
vae of the first generation have hatched.

Don C. Mote (April): Onion mr-n-ot n-ults were first observed in
the field on April 13.


Jlabama


l"ew7 York


Oregon








-119-


B "Q T S

CUT1iOR1IS (L.octuidae)

Utah Geo. F. LowlV1ton (May 17): Cut-orns have been doing considerable
dormag;o to sugar beets in the Ogden district, but were success-
fully controlled with poisoned bait.

CLICX BEETLES (Elateridae)

Utah Geo. F. -l>owlton (:iay 17): The adult click-beetles vere rep-orted
as damaging beets in the Ogden district.

FLEA B7TLES (Halticinae)

Utah Geo. F. Knowlton (iay 6): The black flea beetle is damaging
young sugar beets south of Salt Lake City and dovmwn to Draper.
(::y 17): Flea beetles are quite numerous this spring at Lo--.L,
present in all beet fields examined, but only in exceptional
cases are they dodn.- sufficient damage to merit the application
of spr- s.

RHUBARB

GE.Z= DOCK BELTL, (Gastroidea cyanea 1:elsh.)

Oregon Don C. Mote (April): Observed on .-ay 10 feeding on rhubarb at
Gervais. Evidently about ready to lay es. Newly laid eggs ob-
served on dock at Lake Labish on !ay 12.


SOUTHERN FIELD -CROP INSECTS

COTTON

BOLL MEEVIL (Anthonomus -randis Boh.)

Florida E. F. Grossman (l,.y 22): Continued hot dry weather has slowed
down the emergence rate of the boll weevil from hibernation
cages, with 11.01 per cent of 3,123 weevils emerging from
2S,437 put up last fall. Though wreevils were found in the open
fields on cotton seedlings as early as April 27 and quite a wave
emerged during the second week in -ay, field infestation is, at
present, at a standstill

B. R. Coad (Cooperative Report April 16): At several points ncar
College Station, Tex., in 1906, 1907, and 1S0g an avern.- of h
per cent of the weevils emerged prior to April 10. In 1o25 at
College Station, Tex., 3-54 per cent had emerged prior to April
16; in 1926, 2.45 per cent, and this year 3.71 per cent had
emerged.







-120-

at Florance, S. C. In 1924 prior to April 1I3, 0.11 pe- cent
of the ,weevils :-.d emerged'; in 1925, 2.49 per cent; in l'2,
O.25 per cent; and this year 2.39 per cent.
In past s,':.rs at Tallulah, La., the r-.rcentage of survival
prior to April lo ras as follows: 1.13 per cent in 1913, 0.1C
per cent in 1917, 0.02 per cent in 1913, 0.02 --eri- cent in 1c1',
0. 09, cent in 1920, 0.80 r--- cent in 1921, 1.07 per cent in
1022, 0.30 per cent in 1923, O.C- per cent in 1924, 0.01 per
cent in 1925, and 0.05 per cent in 192o. survival this
yeJr to the same date was 0.22 per cent.
It 1il be noted that a greater survival was recorded trior
to April l1 at all the cooperati.-- stations this year t-aLn in
13926, here records for ccmrrr,'ison are available, except -Z'1-_-
vilie, 'iiss., Fxperiment Ga., and 3aton Rouge, La. Attention
is called to the lack of weevil emergence in the tvo cages at
Baton Rouge, La.; this can probabil-" be explain: .-- the fact
that they 7!ere installed on October 8 and 24 about si--: a.--i
four vee:s, respectively, before a _illinL frost occurred. Zr.
Hinds states that his earliest records have indicated a very
light survival among weevils starti-- hicernrLation four .-tee s
or more before killing frosts occur and as a rule no su'ival
where hibernation started six w-::' before a killing frost,
ConseQuently, ;he considers that his limited records this spring
have no significance as regards field -crgence.
A greater survival was recorded this year prior to Aprill 1-
than in 1925 at one point in Texas, one in 1-crth Carolinr, one
in Louisiana, one in Alabama, and one in hiassissippi, ,-hecreas
a greater -us-'ival was recorded in 1925 at one poinrt in o' "th
Carolina,one in North Carolina, one in Louisiana, and one in
Georgia.
Records in ---,st years at Tallulah, La., she'- that an average
of 25.49 per cent of the total survival for the season is Com-
pleted prior to A.-.ril l6.

FLEA BEETLES (Haltici -- )

South 0. f..y (Hay 19): Local attacks of a'.:.t three c-s I
Carolina flea beetles caused damage during the first half of 1..' :.t l-;tst.
The upper and lower surface of leaves, especially cotyl -'.o"n,
reore eaten.

COTTOY FLEA (Psallus -criatus Peut.)

South C. 0. Eddy (:-ay 19): Cotton flea hoppers are develoi.- i... od-
Carolina erately large numbers on great quantity of --ci. -ri C:-:
throughout the Fiednont section. a fewI of the ~--.sts ar, .1:'
active in certain localities on cotton.

isissippi Harnc.i (>ay 24): Speci--.e.js of Fl- .1I sc:iati: have 'een
collected rec.-..-tly at A. & ".. College, on horse.nint and crcton
:,1 .,ts. S:'eci-..., of this insect were also collect-: a-t c'tchez
by sweeping with a .:.Lt in a pasture.






-121-


Texas


Mexico


South
Carolina


Press Bulletin Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College
Station (April 15): The numbers of cotton flea hoppers 7-fich
have emerged or hatched from o lots of 100 plants each from
first emergence up to above date, inclusive, are given belo-.

Goatweed ................. 22,01g
Cotton ................... i. 1
Ragweed.................. 33c
Horsenettle .............. 222
Bittervweed ............... 633
Careless weed ............ 24g

SALT M1RSH CaTEIPILLAR (Estir7ene acraea Drury)

A. V. :'orrill (Miay 20): This insect, which has been quite de-
structive on cotton for two years past, seems to have disap-
peared in the Yaqui Valley.

APHIIfDA

C. 0. Eddy (l.:ay 19): Lumerous in certain fields before dry
weather of MIay arrived in the Piedmont section.


T OF.,C C 0
LR r TB,.: (ateridae)C
"7IiE'7F2~ii3 (Zlateridae)


ilorth
Carolina


J. iT. Tenhet (May ): Inumerous complaints of wrire'-orm. damage
at Chadbourn to tobacco are received daily. In some fields the
damage varies from 50 per cent to 90 per cent. In one or t,-o
fields under observation, resetting has been necessz-y four
times. :7ireworms attacking tobacco seem almost entirely to be
repidius sp.


CULT70RMS (iLoctuidae)


South
Car olina


J. 0. Pepper (May 9): It has been reported that a 5-acre field
of tobacco plants at Hodges has been destroyed b: cut-orms in
Greenwood County.


TOBACCO FLZa BEETLE (pitrix 7:,arx.l? .ab.)


North
Carolina



Florida


Z. P. Metcalf (May 24): The tobacco flea beetle is not especi-
ally destructive to tobacco beds this year, but o.ring to the
dry season it has been especially bad on the tobacco trans-
planted in the field.

F. S. Ch berlin (:13y 16): adults of the spring brood -ere
first noticed on May 11. Infestations appear to be light and
little damage has resulted thus far.






-122-


1 'i


DEODAR evilVL (Pissodes deodarae Hopk.)


"is sissippi


Ca. ifornia


H. Harned (may 24): Specimens of weevils collectt-d on -'edru.-
deodara Jlants at "aiins, Jackson, and Ileridian, in April were
identified by 7. S. Fisher of the Bureau of Entomol.c-.': as
issodes deodarae. Another generation of these "reevi}l-s has ar-
reered at Meridian, on CFdrus deodara plants as indicated by
speclimens receivcl on iLay 21, from that place. .ese *reci-m-ns
,iere tentatively identified by J. G. Hester of our State ?lart
.oard.

--iODICAL CICADA (Tibicina se-tendeci L.)

:". J Schocne Ha r): T_-.. T-o"ar locusts have zr--.eared near
3onsac!s just east of Roanoke, Also *nearin- in lar.-c- numbers
in .uiusta County near Stuarts Draft.

A CICADJ) (>- ecies undeter-'inec.)

T. D. Urbahns (May 21): S-eciTrens of a cicada were sent to this
office for determination -ith a statc-:er.t th-at they were very
ab..:, ;it in the vicinity of '-rr-_n Hill, Santa Cl&ra Ccuity,


S7TO DOICIIjO : C -E B-JTT=-7LY (Calisto pulchella Lathy)

-. olcott (:l" 10): An outbreak of caterpillars of the
Santo -or-.in-o cane butterfly, Calisto pulchella Lath-', occurred
in the northern part of Haiti bet'--r. Cap Haitien a.-.. I did not observe this in person, but :ir. Fes-:nden, of the office
of the Haitian--erican Sugar Company, described the caterpillars
and the nature of their injur"-, so w*ell that I 'have no doubt as to
the identity of the insect concerned. Calisto is reacrn.bly corn-
mon everywhere that cane is gron in Hispaniola, b>t I have seen
or heard of no serious outbrc.aks since bei-ig here, except for
the one new reported.

SUJGARC11 BEZTLE (Euetheola rugiceps Lec.)

I. 7. Harned (:Iay 24): The rough-headed cornstalk beetle or
sugarcane beetle, Euetheola rugiceps, has been reported from
nearly every section of the State during the past month. A-
parently this insect is more abundant and i's cau-im-r ror: darn-
age this year than during any previous year of which we have
record. Packages of these insects with complaints in reg.--d to-
their injury have been received from correspondents almost
every day during the past month.


FOR EST A1TD SHAD -: TRE E I NSE CT S

4iSCELLE,-"OUS F-E= S-S










-123-


South
Carolina


Florida


Illinois


the larvae emerging from the roots of prune trees and the adults
at this time of the year ovipositing in the year-old growth of
prune wood. T-'igs loaded with fruit break off so that there is
considerable loss to the growers in sc:'ie orchards.

GIANT HICKSY APHID (Lonri sti-.a caryae Harr.)


J. 0. Pepper (May 6): Specimens of this insect have been re-
ceived from all parts of the Piedmont section. It has been re-
ported as being present on various kinds of trees in abr.indh t
numbers.

TLT?.E:TIT: B 35R (3uyrestis aoricans Bbst. )

Monthly Letter of bureau of Entomology No. 15% (arril): In the
latter part of ::arch C. Craighead and J. A. Beal spent some
time on the Choctoeha.tchee Division of the Florida h.,tional
Forest, making a preliminary study of the turpe2rtine borer
(Buprestis apricans Hbst.). This insect causes serious losses
in Longleaf and slash pines after they have been ope 2ted for
turpentine. The more conservative types of operating adopted
by the Forest Service prevent much of this damage, though faces
exposed for a number of years are finally attacked.


CYSTEF. SHELL SCALE (Lepidosaphes uli L. )


7. P. Flint (May 23): The double-brooded form infesting shade
trees en hatching during the week of MLay 0. -_.e single-
brooded form, whichh is common on ash, lilac, Carolina poplar,
and some shrubs, has not yet started to hatch at Urbana.


BA6,TC7 (ThT rido do tt erv:, ephemeraeformis Hav.)


Arkansas






Missouri


:Torth
Carolina


Y. J. Baerg (May 2): Hatching of caterpillars began on May 2
and is still going on, Unless parasites appear, a condition
unfavorable to caterpillar developr.-.-.t, many trees will be
largely defoliated. (-ay 4): Caterpillars began hatching on
Hay 2. An estimate of their relative numbers can not as yet be
made.

L. Haseman (A&-il 28): Iore inquiries than usual regarding
bagworms have been received during the month from various sec-
tions of the State. The spring brood of worms has not yet de-
-veloped, but the complaints refer to the cocoons left from last
year.

(Dichomeris mnrrine' lus Fab.)

J. A. Beal (".,-y IS): Dich.omEris marginellus was badly infesti.:
a number of junipers during the latter part of April this year
at Aisheville.







-124-


Al aba-na


1'ew
S:. ,'s 1 e


*Tew York


(-.,n--,h.rida rhois Forst. )

L. 7. Brannon (May 23): This insect is very numerous on Furra c
in this vicinity (Birmin-':-:). Larvae are appeari.-: and the
adults are defoliating the cuw.--c leaves.

BRC-T,-TATL :i,':- (Ty-rr. ^h eDrr rc.-. Don.)

7. C. O'Kane (7' 18): About 7'.O,0! ; webt of this prime pest
are housed in a specially built insectary at ,.. t in -.ic2-. :.e
caterpillars are being fed in order to permit emer-'I,:e of an*'
parasites on hand. An investi-ation is ir.it-r way to fi d a suit-
able spray for use in the c".ring of the ytL. This species is -n
the up-curve in New7 Hampshire once more, after, a do-m-curve
thrc.u.w, a considerable period of years.

7HIT- -.9t. :ZD TUSSOCK MOTH (He-eir cc -r-- leuc :ti.j:. S.2 .."

E. P. Felt (May 24) : '.'hi te-marked tussock moths in clusters are
quite numerous in the city and are expected to :_.tch the last z.
S(R. E. Horsey).


.x 30RVITAE

., APHID (Dilach-aus ,h -fl- Theob. )


R. v7. Harned (:ry 24): Reported on arborvitae at Jark--'n ,. l
18,at Gulfport 2.rril 27, at Tu-:-o .. 3, ... at ? a.-". cn ..
15. Identified by A. L. Hamner.


Ca-.j-PTE ',., (Prionoxystus robiniae T':ck)


-~ ":".:-nde.nhall (:,a', 12): I find the cor'1.: it, borer quite
bad. in the ash trees, also in shade trees for sfrret l-.ntiui
in the vicinity of 7Jalnut Hills, Cinci.r.t-ti. The injection cf
carbon difulphide in the tunnels to destroy tl.c ber".-. i- r.
right be.uc,- ful.


30'D:.:'7 APHID (PrirhJl]" n' :.:,dinis Thos.)

A. C. ?urrill (. i 1'i): C.-'-e tree has lea'.'es. falling as ':r a.-r.-
ple enclosed. Dam. -e is sev:.'c in -;.'-ts. (..7 ) I find it
e'-: ,_cially bad on one tree as ,-, s:',.ple submitted, -'C"e t". ne
tree ,"nidernic had sc-il..or! been previously overloo:.d. It is :o,'
,ju3- .,.t that we can not claim this aphid in serious epidemic
yet, 1,'.t as shonTers frfll daily and it is too cold for lady
beetles and --r,-h- ds to operate, it may become so if this
weather continues another veek or so.


Ohi0o










-125-


Ohio


California


FLAT-HEADED APPLE TREE BORER (Chrysobothris f-rrn,rata Oliv.)

E. l. Mendenhall (May 20): Eound the flat-headed apple tree borer
present in some of the boxelder trees on the east side of Columbus.
Cy Y' 773' 7 ,
C YfPRESS MOTH "(C.-. la sp.)
T. D. Urbahns (April I1): A. E. Bottel reports cypress moth
(Cydia sp.) larvae attacking c-,-ress trees in Riverside County.


PI:YE

THITE P2.E *:, EEVIL (Pissodes strobi Peck)


NTew
Hampshire


7. C. '0'.hone (May 18): Weevils began to appear from hiberna-
tion about May 1, but have been slow in shc--i:'- up in numbers
because of cold and rainy days. A study of this insect is under
way and interesting details in its life history have come to
light.


A S.A7LY (:T-odiprion excitans Rohwer)


Mi si ssippi


Mississippi


R. W. Hanned(May .124) :Specimens tentatively identified as jTeodi-
prion excitans were collected on pine at A'ricola during the
early part of May, 1927.

SOUTJ--1 PIUE SKI"E, (lonochamus titillator Fab.)

H. Vi. Harned (April 21): Specimens of Monochamus titillator
were collected on pine at Tupelo on April 21, 1927.


RED TURPENTINE BEETLE (Dendroctonus valens Lec.)


North
Car ol ir.


Monthly Letter of the Bureau of Entomolo-,- 1No. 15', April:
Early in April R. A. St. George and J. a. 3eal began the sur.r.er
work at Bent Creek, the location of the field laboratory near
A eville, It was found that low temperatures in the past winter
had caused a high mortality in over wintering brood of Dendrocto-
rnus v. .


WALIUJT

'".lJNT C.- TLPILLAR (Datana integerrima G. &R.)


Arkansas


W. J. Baerg (May 16): Hoths began to appear on ':-y 12. 3E.tent
of damage can not be estimated as yet.








-126-


i ssouri


*OJB.E:T O0 U S E N D 0 R IT A H E N T A L P



A MAY 3SE12TI (T<> :-'i-^ ruoLxsa "elsh.)

A. C. E-urrill (1:-v I): Petals chopped, '--ads eaten,
heart so blooni fails to unfold. Honeyvuckle leaves f
or more of vine oan': chopped all to pieces (not 1i:-
IHegac:ile this time). Damage 10 to 20 per cent of th
at Jefferson City.


LEAF ROLLER (Archips parallel ?ob.)


New York


Pennsylvania.'!


Oregon


ew7 York


-. E. Frane (Hcay 2): An occasional leaf roller has be
in Dutch:-7s Cunty.

G;I-:O-USEW LEAF TYER (Phlyctaenia fr:u_-lI .

H. I. 'orthiey (t..- I 10)- : 1ound all stes. j T... 1
leaf on ca-ra, crxysanthc.', -- s...-,pdragon, ani..c'. -"
says they attack almost c.ythin- It coleus and fcr.

LESS1R 1TLB F1LY (--7eris striatus Fallen)

Don C. Mote (April): Lesser bulb flies, _E-rt_ .
Fallen, observed in field on hay 2b, some mrz.i-in.

Z.I.7. L- r- 7 (p probably .racil-ria : -.

Z. P. Fet ( I'- 24): The azalea leaf roller, prolk1
azaleella Brants, is very scarce (R. 2. Horsey).


S1'JLS (.'ollusca)


>'Tew York


.:'' York


i s sssi ppi


7. F. Crowell (Cav 23): In a s,.,11 greenhouse in ile
have been eatin- the leaves of the lettuce .. dahis,
considerable d.:-a--e and.also attac:inr peprers.

BOX;OOD L"EA :-.r:= (I.onarthropalas bi..::i Labo u.

E2. P. Felt (Hiayr 24): '.:' box',ood laf miner, Monarthro
-__-"L> is somC"'.-t more --'.r.t in Kassau and C-'fo'"
than in previous years. The ,oK; is somewhat -rall '
buted to winter injury (C. -. Zi ..ir).


C-~Y HR'T-" Y -IT
CORYS&-TH "7J::..,--.-:I (", ,crisiphoni lla an ,rr-am'. 'il

R. "J. Harned (:,v 2U): .- '--.-.--- ''. *i j__ on c
mum at fcComb, r,-,:*y'ted on lay 5.


into
'ods


- -2


9r. -









-127-


EUJC, -JS

EUONI,4'.S SCALE (Chionas-ois eu,.-, C,:t.)


North
Carolina


2. 2. ietcalf (1ay 24): Young scales are hatching in enormous
numbers and attacking Euon;-uis at Raleir7h.


STRZI JD BLIT 27ZLJL3 (Z:icauta vittata ab. )


Mi s si ssippi


K. L. Cockerham (iay 17): This insect -'as found feeding on and
injuring the blossoms of gladioli at Fruitland Park. T.re the
blossoms were allowed to remain in the field -ftr opening, the
beetles were causci.,- severe injury by eating out and disfiguring
the flowers.


LILY

i::OCTUID (Xanthopastis timais Cram. )


:i S sissippi


.:ississippi


R. '. Earned (ay 2h)): Specimens of r-what is very probabl'
Xantho-pastis timais Cram. were found injurin- lilies at ".tchez
on 'Iay 11.

TARCI SSUS
:T~~ci SCU

'L IT ITE (Rhizo lv-phus hvacinthi Boisd.)

;. e-endehall (Ia% 13) : Found them quite numerous on. -arci,,T
bulbs in one of the nurseries in this local ity- (D'ayt n.
0LE --R
OLcU.]'Y AFHID"(Aphis nerii Fons.)
3. "" Thrned (i:ay 24): Reported on oleander fror 1ioi on April
11. Determination made ':, A. L. 'i_.


R OSE

AT APHID (h'acrosiphum rosaefoliun Theob. )


Miss ssippi


R V. Harned (-ay 24): Macrosiphum rosaefclium Theob. 1"as re-
ported attacking rose at Tupelo on april 23.


RCFE APHID ( a-.er -',J ...u.. reso .)


Missouri


A. 3. Burrill (.-,-ay 20): The rose a-)',hid sc-s to have ni--ratd
from its host on -'hich it was s~,. ingly present last month, so
that there is no considerable epidemic here (Jefferson City).






















or th
Car olina


RC I^_ L -. 3LjIR (, :,:'.", s r_: ...ci:'n,. Harr. )

E. P. Frlt (-ay 24): -ouite n.v-nerous at Rochester since .:,a" 1,
n hybrid perpetual roses.

DIPLOOQDS

I,,. Oro7'cll (:ay 23): -n infestation of diplo-.:s at :-r-.ror
rek hIas been doing considerable (...:-e to ailbs and to rose
roots this spring.

0OSE SLU,- (Caliroa aethioos Fab.)

i. etcalf (,:ay 24): The rose slug has been especially' dl-
:tructive to climbing roses in the Cit' of Ralei.Kh this '-2r.


CORIT ROOT :CR: (Diabrotica lon.icornis Say)


o north
Carolina


Z. P. h:etcalf (:ay 24): T;-,; adults h.ave been especially de-
structive to rosebuds this c-r; the K.rvae have done a'cut t.e
same amount of damna.e to y--,n- corn.


j:-TLOT.R

C020`2O B13-__:.7T,7 j pFbr r DeG.


South
Carolina


J. 0. Pepper (C.:v l14): Specimens of this insect have bt-i "-
ceived from Greonvood and Sumter Counties. It is reported t:.rt
from S to 10 adults can be found around the ba-:c of sun-
floweir -olant, :any plants have ',een killed.


rIIDAE


Utah


&co. Kno07lton (:ay i1): 1 -".ids are .'*-:i.i.: sno-ball bushes
at Salt Lake City.


I Y S E C T S T T C K I GC- 1:" D

D 0 E ST i C I : h L S



A 3.1 (,e!'.:atosiphon inodorus Duaes)


S:' York


.P. :elt (-"y .): edvu, provisionally identi'iL c sC.,
nodoru '-'ere re., ort-10 by local l-opital authorities as ...
-. .c', in atvnized ion c ',es cont.. I :i m.inca pi1s. :
.....; l' r ou.nJ "nor'e co.inrohU.! ne u the top of tle c,-,e .. t:
crevice beti-cen the a-:le i rons th.- side of the cae.. C.ere
,-,at 1 .. t! i d e n11 a s o' .a t e r o-as ifes tat i on







-129-


Or egon


Georgia


Missouri


B3EDBUGC(Cir- lectularius L. )

Don C. :iote (-pril): BedobuFs 7ere reported on april C- as be-
ing numerous in a rooming house.

FLEAS (Siphonaptera)
0. I. Snapp (-'.ay 11): 'leas are more abundant this year than
usual, and many complaints have come to the laboratory durin-
the recent vree'.

:ScUITOES (Culicidae)

L. Haseman (April 29): Large species not yet identified ap-
peared first in large numbers during the c'-.:I of lqpril 27.


iIDGES (Chironomidae)


IjeT- York


E. P. Felt ("ay 24): .A chironomid -,as excessively abundant at
Tassau I.,,ke, Renssellaer County, the latter part of i'ay, there
being literally millions of the small flies in sheltered por-
tions of piazzas and similar places, the v7alls and roof being
literally dark vdth flies and quarts of dead ones being easily
sept up from the floor. The infestation a-'oeared to be some-
"hat jaeral and vas troublesome only on account of the almost
over;-helming numbers of the insects.


3-nLCM FLIES (Simulium hirtipes Fries)


New York


E. P. Felt (May 24): Black flies, Sirnulium hirti-pes, were some-
what abundant the latter part of MIay and early in April in the
higher pastures of Dutchess, Columbia, and Rensselaer Counties,
the flies frequently swarming when there was a lull in the wind
and occasionally biting, though in this latter respect they did
not compare with the black flies of the Adirondacks.


BUFFALO GTAT (Simulium pecuarum Riley)


Cali f ornia


T.D. Urbahns (April 4): 7. C.Barber reported that buffalo gnats
had appeared in great abundance in i:ern County about [larch 25
and the infestation lasted about ten days. Livestock injury
was reported by stock men, but most of the effect -ras in the
form of annoyance to humans.


C ATLE

HOB17 FLY (Haematobia irritants L. )


Missouri


L. Baseman (april 2S): During part of the month the horn fly
has been rapidly increaziz- in numbers though it is not yet
abundant enough to be -articularly aanoyrng to livestock.







7JjLTRY

C-"_ -- 12" 7 L .T ^.y .. -- . . ]. -, '. H


1. HaW~' j.'f (r i-^i 2C,: : uh
,.^r 'e~i inf '*r eater or "*
attention 0u1inr c -


itc..
- .- ~-.- J-
...n-.-....--~ ~-.
I L'~


o] = .. ... ... '" d,3n -
tified o- tropical f, -I ..- -. r C e. .-l f. e r'.-- -,-. .-j. a
-. .j -n o_ ......s nil ',),o- -. .ear 'o I- ..- .-

-T C 1 -


.,Ol0nnelct i cut


rittor" ." 7 'a. .: ;.- -
t.J e ._o..e ani flea~s 'r' e -.re< ......c-. i. ,- ...c.- .:*.-..;I 1 .
-' se 7 ardei w-!ere treat i. i' .:.* .c.-:i ..
air "ed. Identifiicatic.n i- "-* .. .' ,
record for3 ;or--necticr ut of t'.c_. Z,,...:. .. -.: ; .... !.-


Finally
. .- f e,_-
-- r-:t


7 H- 7






J. '". .c3olloch (::ha 20)': : . ... ........ "J t,: .-. it-
poirta t )r-obleu~o ini the Stat .t. C .."t ,c r h. ,- '
i7 .ou0'c has abeeni injured. '' ".i' ... "
h ,'-c rc uc .i ._ .. _' . ', J'
.-'b;~i0-+ Junnction it -, eFco C L --"" :'-' ": :
_ ^ ;o:- _'i; : s,; c "o"!)oil c~in"*-' h ~ S -' i ... "_ -' :..' '-." 7 2. -_ . ... ra ."-.-
a:t hir.,oatha. -. .."a io! tree .._..*- '" -" l ;,*' ". "-.': - '. ._.-
t o*l a tst r r' -o-rkin.c- on arn .-.. -c *.r '.-.. L.- ..-.. -T -. . ".s-
aoer reports state that s1'.-:r: i . ., 2 -a : ..,
o.. an d ..... n sa s, City ;an "..: ... _..

T. .. .. C n (:?ay. 15): -,.: -,. -: : .-. ,
se -' to zh---c an increasing< .C-..':. .'c - ru. .. ": n '-'"
C- '".a i.e, in s ite of th'e .c .. .. -* ;. 'r

... C of th " t. i"- -n ,:..i.
1-14 IV.
infe. ".tation ..... One of th neiv,' r : : ;.. .. -', ... -*. ... *- *-t ;" i c. i
or 0. o_ all t -- 2c pa .rt:'t. 7 :. l :,. ".: . .' : -":


0. -, V.. ",-(lor ''< 2 cu cl: I*-:"l'.' -. . 1- -- :--t1.. "
::.:L L 2i";


his so-'ri


p







-3.31-


-iTTS (Formicidaoe)


Missouri


L Haseanan Aprill 2Z): .nts ere beyinninp to attract attention
in and- about homes.


.J" aP'T (Lasius interjects iayr)


Kansas


J. V7. :lcColloch ('.:ay ): hi, .nt has 'oee-n fo"nd -'.-fring in
hcuscs at lola c ... Cit'-, a-- atta.


' 1 IK- (C_`LI-_yllis domesticuas L.)


-ew York
and
:ar yl and


.,onth; I et 'er of the 3ureae of -1olo 1, ril: T'
finin .- domestic-3 in 'rc.t a'nd-ce in B ltiro-e,
ie, tor:, and various lorcLities- inthe eastern part o he
United States has bee:n renoLted, out no .peci ens hove been re-
eoiv-7ed 'or t-e -7 ]... "
otived or th-e ional Collection. o"e-ould ike to ave a
on-- series of specimens of both sxs in adult and ny7rn12
states. It ay 'bc distin1u .ishcd froc- the oth-r ciOcs of -ryiu, S
~r its generallyy lighter color and !y the t-o lac: bands across
t-e forehead.


IG-J2TTZ B LE (Lasiodor:;a serriccrne c .


Zansa'


J. '.:. cColloch (,iay I): Bectles and larvae ar, abUodant in up-
holstored furniture in a furniture ctor- at Kansas City, ` .an


South
Carolina


SaS


Kansas


Kansas


J. 0. ?ei:ocr ( 1ay 11): bottle of -atcr containing nunerou
spciens of this insect '7as sent in from landr". as bCinI taken
from a iell in the yard.


ST O RE D P2 O D U C T S C S

C-OU;TJIOIS GR^IUl I:C:TH (Sitotro'-a cerealclla 01.. )

c. C. .cColoh (:a'a 2) : sa.-Dlc of -ccd corn received fro:-
Topok:a v-as heavily infested '-ith this insect.


D.aK .CRP. (Tenebrio obscurus Fab. )


J -,o i o c (r- n. I L... .
J. C'oColloch (a -): larvae of the d,-rk ,e-'l '-or": h'>e boon
recoivcd from Leaven-,orth, opeka, and Garnett. In all cases
they -'ere r'ori-ng in stored -rain.

C(T.L (Tenebroides rm ritn ricns L.)
,J.-'.o!-Colloch ('7ay 7): _-.6 cac'elle is re .ortod as lbein.- very a un-
dant in a granary at Bluff Cit-. The larvaeo -av h ;-:, .. i nto
the r-ood of the bins for nation. C.ny of the boards are honey-
co'.'f':c -7ith >Irroe's.


,--. P-C'L-5ID (-cdiur_ acuatica L.)




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 09244 5344






r









I