The Insect pest survey bulletin

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Material Information

Title:
The Insect pest survey bulletin
Physical Description:
v. : maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Entomology
United States -- Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
Publisher:
Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
monthly, mar-nov. plus annual[1926-]
monthly, apr.-nov.[ former 1922-1925]
monthly, may-nov.[ former 1921]

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Insect pests -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Entomology -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1921)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Vol. 14, no.9 issued only as a supplement..
Issuing Body:
Vols. for May 1, 1921-1934, issued by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology; 1935- by the U.S. Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine.
General Note:
"A monthly review of entomological conditions throughout the United States" (varies slightly).
General Note:
Includes annual summary starting in 1926.
General Note:
Includes some supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030368280
oclc - 08816534
lccn - sn 86033699
Classification:
lcc - QL1 .I56
System ID:
AA00023228:00033

Full Text


-' -'-, f -- ;
.."- // r '


THE INSECT


PEST


SURVEY


BULLETIN


A periodical review of entomological
issued on the first of each month


conditions throughout the United States
from March to November, inclusive


Volume 6 November 1, 1926 Number 9


BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY

UNITED STATES

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

AND

THE STATE ENTOMOLOGICAL

AGENCIES COOPERATING


\?~

h )












INSECT PEST SURVEY BULLETIN


Vol. 6 INTovember 1, 1926 Ko. 9


CU,'ZTMTIDIIG r-TrO'MOLOGICAL F AILZS I H UTED ST.-_- FCO O0CT0 0,1926

The Jar.n^Gc beetle has extended its range up the Hudson River as
far as Ossining, NJ-,w York, to Stanford, Conn,, and southward to Long Island,
In Pennsylvania it has spread westward to Harrisburg and northward to
E&Gzton,

The Hessian fly situation in Pennsylvania has been complicated by
the emergence this fall of flies in volunteer wheat which usually do not
emerge until spring. These infested grain sown after the fly-free date.

The corn borer in the original infested area in lew York State has
increased in intensity of infestation 300 per cent over the population re-
cords in 1924, The known area infested by this pest has increased about
20,000 square miles and now extends to Berrien County, MIich.

The corn ear worn has continued its daeprdations in the Mlississippi
Valley much later than usual9 Reports of late and serious damrrage have been
received from Ni.iouri, Nebraska, and Zansas,

Larvae of what is believed to be the oriental fruit moth were found
at East lansingz "ich., This insect in the Georgia Peach belt produced one
brood less than during 1925.

The waiint caterpillar is reported as much more ._tz':.srcus than usual
in the pecan orch,:-ds of Florida and Mississippi,

The harlequin bug has been reported from the South Atlantic and %rif
States as decidedly mnore troublesome than usual this y=r0
The su.ar~-best crop in southern Utah wias -racticrlly a failure because
of the culy-top disease. The leafhoppers were epidemic in the fields in
this region,.

The campaign for the control of the s'-eet-potato weev-il in the Gul.f
region of Mississippi and Ala'-a:--"' has been so successful that where 123
farms in Pearl ELver Co;-nty, Hiss., were infested in 1923, but one farm
h1s been found infested +hiaye@.r, and where 62 farms in Baldwin County,
Ala., were found to be infested in 1925, but two sh:ed any infestation in
this year's Survey,

-Le coffee-bean-weevil, usually considered as a stored-prod',;t insect,
"as found feeding on so-.u-.d sweet potatoes on four farms nesr .Foley, Ala. The
insect was working in the storage houses, however, rnA not in the field,
rj v:. Cr. ) has- ,Den
The sweet potato leaf beetle (._..'.c.. vird.c:;-r.t Cr.) has been
-.205-









-303-
reported as damaging s7-eet potatoes in 'JIk~r County, Ga, This, insect has..
not been recognized as of much importance: h-,.-etofore.
In Mississippi the srgrcane beetle has caused considerable dera.e
to sG'eet potatoes. In three lots an aver-.Ce of f36 per cent of the tubers
"--ere re:t--red unmnar]_etable by the fbeiing of this beetle,.

The cotton leaf ':,orn, whichh was reported -in the last nu-iber of the
Survey Bulletin as making one of its, periodical northern flights, made
an unp-recedented record this year by prod".cirng a generation of larvae in
the experimental cotton plats on the Arlingtor. Farm near Tachinrton, D. C.
H':retofore this insect has never produced laTrvce in the Northern States,
in this number of the Bulletin records of hea y flights with more or le3s
serious damage by the moths have been received fiom 1Iassechusotts, Ohio,
Nebraska, and Kansas, as -ell as over the cotton belt,,

The boeolder bug is reported for the first time from North-Carolina.

The State of California has placed a qucxrantine on -illo-r and popl-A.:0
trees -.nd cuttings coming from the State of t'a-hington because of the.-
presnce of the satin moth in that State,


OLUSTATII& G ".:TD::OLOGICAL Fa-TUMES 121 GA!TADA FOR OCTOZ-., 1926

As a result of scouting oner-tions carried out in 1926, the European
corn borer has been found in 58 additional to.n:ships in Ontario on at
several points in southern Quebec. In Ontario the inferation non covers
most of the territory lying between the Otta'-a and St. La.-rence Rivers.
In southern 'Quebec the corr. borer was found in EHull, Chatez.ujay, and
.',.tint.on Counties; the two last adjoin the State of Net: York.

The heat stem satfly is sprsad'inZ a:L UL3cormin- more serious in Alberta.
Durin the past sumer apparently the entire central portion of the province
south of0 E..or-ton, north of Brooks, and est of Calgary, ras affected,
the infestation ranging from 5 to 100 per cent,.

In central southern Alberta, in the Lethbridge district, a heavy
infestation of the turnip aphis reduced the turnip crop by 2.5 to I3 per
cent. Such a severe outbreak, in this section, had beea previously
unknown.

#he codling moth is on the increase in the St. Joh-n River 71lley, E e.7
Brunswick, from Springhill to Lo17er GaSgetotn, and serious outbreaks
occurred in several localities, in 19C6. It has also incronsed over previous
yters in southwestern iTn-va Scotia, in the Di cy sr-i Bear River districts.

There has been a srio p-s apple n-.:ct in-festation in the orchards of
the St. J-,hn .i.vcr Valley, l1e Br'us-ick.

The cotton moth, Al-'amra argillacea -bn., occurred in great i,.'Cbers
in southern Ontario, in September. Ord.ng to its att'-c:s on pea&>chss it










-307-

'-'as generally mistaken for the oriental peach moth. by fruit groiers in
the Tliy-j'a district.

Severe infestations of the larch c.se-bearer have been observed
in Cumoerland County, nTova Scotia.

7,ie satin rroth has been discovered for the first time at Powell
Fiver, Vc I-o:r Ilz.id, and M!ission, British Col-umobia.

Bladc flies of the species Simuli'-m bracteat-in Coq. are reported to
have caused the death of a flock of goslings, at the S.,perimental Station,
Fredericton, 1Te' Brunswick, this sumner.







&GENRAI FEED.RS


GEFEARAL


Connecticut


Wisconsin


Pennsylvania


JAPANESE BEETL3 (Porillia jaronica Nean.)

Monthly Letter of Bureaui of Entomology 1o, 149 (September):
Tilhe Japanese beetle has recently been found at several
points along the Hudson River, between Ossining, I. Y., and
;. York City. Several small infestations have also been
found on the southern third, of. Long Island, and it is known
to occur at Port Chester, iT. Y., and Stamford, Conn. It has
been found outside the quarantined area in Pennsyl-ania, at
Faston, Allentown, Bethlehem, Lancaster, and Harrisburg. At
a public hearing held in Washington September 25, the area
under quarantine was extended to include the territory mentioned.
It is anticipated that the new quarantine lines will become
operative October 10,1926.'

THE Ai .L._A (Anorila oriental!is 73terh.)

E Britton (Octobex 21): Though I have not visited the
infestation on Long Island, I learn from Mr. Stockwall and
Mr. Sraitbh that it is fully as large as the N3w Haven infestation
and that it has probably been there as long or perhaps longer.
The infestation in Westchester County mar.y have come from the
Long Island infestation, or possibly may have come from Connecti-
cut. As nearly all nursery firms formerly imported various
hinds of stock direct from Japan and many plants came with balls
of earth about their roots, it is remarlmble if this insect was
not brought in and planted in many places. Of course nursery
stock has been sent out from iIe'7 Haven, probably in all directions,
but the same is true of the Long Island region, which is quite
a nursery center.

GRASHOP2- F:3 (Acrididae)

Harry F. Dietz (October 8): Melanorlus differcntialis Thos.
and 11. fcoi=r-rubr'xn DeGo are -musualiy abundant this fall, The
latter:- is the predominanit species. At Bridgeport, Amo, and
Terre Haute, M. fe:'ur-rubrumn was defoliating apple nursery
stock and feeding on the tender bark of the y6ung shoots.

So B, Fracker (October 19): Grasshopper damage continued to
increase in the late summer, especially in the southern part of
the State.


CEREAL AND FORAGE-CROP INSECTS

W:EAT

HESSIAN FLY (Phytopha-A destructor Say)

EH. D. Smith (October 4): In Cumberland. County the Hessian flies









-309-


MLLis ouri


havo been found in volunteer wheat in much greater 'ce than
us'1.], and are now commencing to emerge, This emergence is caulcin;
infestation of wheat sown after the fy-free "ate, T..is san
nausual occurrence because it is customary for the flies in volun-
#ezr wheat in this section of the country to hibernate until the
following spring,

C. iT, Ainslie (:ove-ber 1): A field in .onona County, r.-rth of
Whiting which last y='r was quite uniformly populates by the fly
was studied carefully October 29, The gou'ld this fall is fallow
w1it1 a moderatee sprinkling of ran- tufts of volunteer wheat OIese
plants are almost all heavily infested. at present, some dead.
tillers containing from 10 to 20 puparia. 4 to 6 being coi;mon,
A few mature larvae were seen. The puparia are plump and normal,
will probably hibernate in perfect condition, Very little wheat
in tl.,t vicinity was sowed before Septe-.'br,:.: 15.

L6 :iseman (September 30): 1o-?here in the State is there any
evidence of any material infestation and no especial effort is
being directed at the delaying of the seeding of wheat. However,
the heavy rainfall during the last half of September will auto-
matically delay most of the wheat sending until after the normal
fly.free date for the wheat-growing sections.


PF.- T (-oxoJtEra r r.m Rum Rcnr.)


Wisconsin


S. B: Fracker (October 19): .ifteen per cent de..-.e by the attack
of this insect was reported from 3ayfield, while in 2a7lo- County
some entire fields -eo'e ruined.


SGLISH GIT APHID (,,roi-hum ranarium Kirby)


Nebra ska


Ire h. Swenk (October 15): During the first week in October an
abun-dance of the EV-ish grain aphid in some of the winter wheat
fields of rro.-tier County -i.s reported by the county agricultural
agent of that county.


PLAINS FALSE T 7I-_.E'.i. (E..odes opaca Say)


Kansas


J, C. :,-Colloch (October 20); 2-e follo-irn reports have been
received: At Ulysses the jorra:s .':. still workingg October 8., -.urLreds
of acres have been destroyed at Richfield on October 13, Te
county ar--'s r--ort .3ury encral in Sherman and Cheyenne Counties
October 15.


A FALSE WI-O-li ( Eleodes suturalis Say)


ILansas


J, .4, :cColloch (October 27): La-rvae of this false wireworm
were receive from Gove, I:ansas, with the information that they
w-ere c-jtti t off whneat plants,

LIBRARY
FE PLANT BOARD







-310-


EUOFT C BOER (Tyrausta ilis Hbn)
EU0FFAIT CORU B02TER (yrasta r'Xoilh.iis_ Hbn.,


New York


Missouri


iMonthly Letter of Bureau of Entcmclojy N1o. 149 (September):
About the middle of August an infestation survey in the portion
of -astern New York where the corn borer was disccverod in 1919,
just north of Schenectady, revealed an increase of over 300
per cent in larval population since the last comparable survey
1as made of that area in 1924.

SOUTHE-I CORN LEAF BEETLE (Myoch ous denticollis Lec.)

He B. Hungerford (September): Vary large numbers of this
chrysomelid beetle were found about the husks of ear corn in the
field (Washington County). Alang with these beetles were many
chinch bugs.

CHINCH BUG (Blissus luicoPterus Say)

L. Haseman (September 30): In spite of the" unusual rainfall
farmers are reporting from the various sections of the State that
their cornfields have been showing an abundance of the summer
brood of bugso


CORN EAR WOkiM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab,)


Missouri




i sbraska

















Wisconsin


L, Hasenan (September S30): Late sweet corn and late field corn
have shown unusual dam.as from the corn ear worm during the month
if September. Some patches of sweet corn show 100 per cent in-
festation,

M. H, Swenk (S ptFmbcr 30): The third brood of larvae of the
common corn ear worm was excessively numerous this year, as was
mentioned in my last report. In addition to unusually heavy injury
to the corn ears, this brood of corn ear worms penetrated the
cornstalks very commonly, sometimes producing serious damage in
that way. -he penetrations were mostly short burrows, qaite un-
like the extended burrows fomned -earlier in the season by the
common stalk borer. Complaints of such injury to cornstalks were
received from all parts of the State during iniddle and latter
Se-ptember, but especi-lly from the region from Se'ard County west
... to Furnas County and north to Boorne County,where the -orms were
apparently the most numerous. (October 15): Complaints of injury
continued to be received in dirinishing numbers during the first
ten days of October. From Hall Co7unty to-na.rd the middle of the
month, cnmp3aints of injury to green tomatoes, late string beans,
aid even squashes '-ith softened spots on the shell, by these
caterpillars were received.

S: B, Fracker (October 19): A few outbreaks have been reported
from Dane, Grant, Lincoln, and Pierce Counties.












J. W'. .cColloch (October 20): The larvae of the corn ear worm
have been very abundant in the alfalfa fields of eastern Zansaz
during October. In some cases the plants have been defoliated.
report from correspondents have been received from Fazsair,
E-reka, Topeka, and M'anhat tan.

CLOVER

GREMT CLOVR "-'OPJL I (Plathypena. scabra Fab.)


Pennsylvania C, C. Hill (October 4): In Cumberland County, Pa., reen clover
worm adults have been found in greater abundance than usual
in clover and alfalfa fields.


FRUIT


I IT S E C T S


APPLE


Kansa s


Missouri


Nebraska


PRIM-.C'SE FLEA BEETLE (iD-ltica foliac?- Lec.)

H. B. Hunerford ( This insect did very serious injury early
this season in nursery blocks of apple grafts and seedlings
at Topeka and Lawrence. All control me-3ures proved unsatisfactory.

APPLE APHID (Aphis pomi DeG.)

IL. Baseman (Septenber 30): Throughout the smmrner plant lice were
unusually scarce on various trees and crops, but during September
the green apple aphid attracted scne attention and did some damage
though less than usual,

APPLE CEAIIT APHID (Rhopalosir'hium prunifoliae Fitch)

I H, Swenk (September 30): During the last week in September,
specimens of volunteer wheat wore received from Saline County
that showed an abundance of the apple grain aphid on the roots
and lower stems.


CODLIEG MOTH (Carpocapsa pomonella L.)


Missouri


L. Haseman (September 30): The apple crop in Missouri has suffered
much more serious loss from apple worms this year than during any
previous y.:a3rs. The second brood has been veryabundant ind even
the best sprayed orchards have shown a high percentage of "ormi.y
fruit. The partial third brood in the Missouri River apple section
has caused much of the late fruit to show pin-worm injury and in the
Ozark region the third brood has done much greater injury.

Ao CO Burrill (October 14): Side wormy apples injured 40
per cent of the fruit in some sprayed orchards in Jefferson City,
Cole County.


Kansas


-311.-










'Wisconsin





W7ashington


Mi s souri


-312-
S. B, Fracker (0ctober-19). The second brood proved at least
as troublesome as usual. The county reports following: Brown
(bad), Dane (30 per ceht), La:,y7tte(25 per centI', onroe,
Pierce, Rock, (unusually numerous), Sauk(second brood very
bad), and Winn2bago.
SJ. '.Te'.7comer (September 30): The codlin- moth has been
much less numerous this year than for several years, and
grow.ers generally report their fruit much loss infested than
usual. Eight ap-ple trees near the oririn1l point of intro-
duction of the. codling moth parasite Asco.rmter carpocanae
Vier. were banded last June, and. have qeon-r examined regularly
-during the season. To date, '3,750 worms have been recovered
from these eight trees, of which 846 were parasitized. This
is a parasitism of 22.6 per cent which ishigher than in previous
years, when 1t usually was about 15 per cent.

YELL0.7-U3CKY CATEEPILLAR (Da tana ministry Drury)

L. THaseman (September 30): This caterpillar has caused con-
siderable trouble in young apple orchards during the month.


SAY JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus ncniciosui s Comst.)


Missouri


Wisconsin


L1issos'uri


L't-h


Michi .-n


L. Haseman (Septemrber" 30): 'The scale throughout the monthh has
continued to attract little or no attention. In orchards badly
infested a f6w years ao' there is some slight blotching of fr-Iit.

OYS:E?-SH-L SCALE (Lepidosaphes ulmni L.)

S, B. Fracker Octoberr 19): Suvernl reports indicate in-.
cr:--,ing trouble with the oyster-shell scale in the Fox Ri7er
Valley orchards (Jren Bay).

R0-JIJDaD2D APPLE TPE BO3FF2. (Sarjerda cendida Fab.)
2L'2- l --V ED APPLE '- S_ :S.-7'r-"- (Chrysobothris femor-ta 01.)

E, ,UZ.seman (Septombor 30): Poth the flat-headcd and the round-
hcc:dci apple tree borers have bja= attracting attention during
the suiier and fall months, especially in the yom--ng apple
orchGris, B : "


*ZA hLEM"' BIISPF LIT-- (Erioinhyes yri P.st.)

G. F. Krowlton (Sptmbcr 28): Th'; pear leaf blister mite
has b&en doinc severe da:'.uc-e' to some apple orc-^i'rds in ilorth
Logan this pr.st season,.

P-2\CH

ORi.~F.'L FE.UIT iFT. (Lispeyresia molest aBusck)

RB H. Pcttit (October 13): Some weeks ago w.e found larvae











at- East Lansing in golden egg or yellow egg plum. According to
Dr. Carl Heinrich there is some doubt as to the identify of the
larvae because of their close resemblance to those of pyricolana.
The infestation occu-rred on only a few trees and only a small
nunber of fruits were found infested.

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (October 20): Five generations and a partial
sixth have been reacted at Fort Valley this year, which is one
less than the number reared during 1925. Larvae of the fourth,
fifth, and sixth j-nerations have entered hibernation. The season
for this insect is now about over at Fort Valley.

SAIT JCSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosus Comst.)

Georgia Oliver I. Snapp (October 2l):'From present indication 75 per cent
of the pench acreage in Georgia will be sprayed with lubriceting-
oil emulsion again this winter. Liquid lime-sulphur vtill be used
on most of the other a.crageo .The scale infestation is about nor'-.al.,

PzC:: BORF.T' (A- eria exitiosp Say)

GeorLia Oliver I. Snapp (October 20): On account of losses from an over-
production of peaches during the 1926 season growers in Georgia
are cutting down on production costs and as a result a much s-.-.:ller
amount of psr.dichloro'e:zenzc is being used this season than formerly.
The tonnage used this year in Georgia "will amount to only about one-
fourth of that used in 1925. The peach borer infestation is about
normal.

ohio E. W. liendenhall (October 9): I find the peach borers quite
bad this year in the central and southern part of the State.

P T.,Lri

PLUI: CT RCULIO (Conotrschelus nenuphar HEbst.)

Wisconsin S. B, Fracker (October 19): -he usual dso-neg- is reported. In
Ashland County this insect is not so bad as it was last year,
in Door County it is corzon, in LaFayette County damage is esti-
mated at 30 per cent, and in Pierce and Rock Counties some are
to be found, also in Yond-du-Lac.

GP. _Z

GRAP7 L HOPS (-rythroneura comes Say)

lobna C. IT. Airnslie (October 7): A number of complaints of serious
injury to woodbine and grapevines have reached me during the
latter part. of the su-rier and investigation has disclosed the
presence of this pest in swarms, forming a real misty cloud when the
vines were jarred. A few of the adults carrie:" parasites.







-31%-


Louisiana


!.]-i CA-=ILT. (D-0 tnsr intc-rerri.-:P G6 & ?.)
*
X. '7,. .or.r (Sept.'mber 8)" H, A. Bctts, Assistont ITursery
Inspector, State Plnt 2oard, r,'ports that the '7lInut c-,terpillar
is doin coniderable dar""'-.. in this section (Jefferson County)
bat not all groves of pecan ?.re inf-estE... Gro.-ers s,.y t'-t the
caterpilliers are more n-mTi--rous thi-s y'r th-in duririg ":h- paot
seven or eight years.

M1I M, High (September 30): The walnut cat rpillar hbi been
very r-.-mnd-:;t the past few weeks in almost all pecan -rovc-s
about Gulfport, Landon, and Lorn Beach. Some s--all -'oves
have be=n almost completely dfoliated.

R. '7. I.trned (October 26): P. ?P. Colm:r, Inspector for the
State Plant Board, with-he.3 quarters at Uoss Point, 7izs.,
wrote on October 17 that I.P. D1lmas & Sons of Pasch o'la and
Oran tc Gro--e *-hav-iv reported tiat tl-hy h-ad observed the third
generation of the "'-ln.ut caterpillar probablyy Datana inte-errirr..).
These caterpillars had fallen from the trees and 'o-re dc-d on
the ro',-n.d. These obs -r-zrs 7ere irid:r the ip_' sion that the
caterpill-rs had contracted some disease th-'t had beer- fatal,
-Mr. Colmer reports that s2.ver-l other si-il-.r c. Es nad. been
brought to his attention. U.-ifortunately none of the c-.tCrpi!l-rs
were collected, so th._re is no .ay of k'o-in- deniritely hat
has caneed them to die in su-ch large nrm'rbc-rs,

FALL "7EB7O-.:i (T vcnxtria c'.ca Drury)

'7. E, Hinds & assistants (3:,ptembcr s7): The fall -.:b-orm
appears to have received a very decided setback throu the
scv:r. Gulf storm of Au'-st 25 tfiIro-ij-out the central and
soruthorn part of the State,


TRUTJCK -CROP


".iscorn i.


ni j Sin


I IT S C T S


COLC0r.ZO -n --'.r -:TJ^ ("pc__tinot'rsr-. ezemlin:,- ta Say)

S, B. ro-'c.7-cr (October 19): This insect 7-7- rporteo fro:-.
A'-.mas, .::-tland, B-.rron, r ..for, Dinn, L.n-lr?'e, R:cire, rnd
Winntbr-o Countieso, Total '- for 1927` less than us-l.


S. B. Fr-.ck.r (Octo',.r 19): Furorts from the follomn.- co,'.'-tics
;r'vc be'n received: As'!-i.n, ,0, Door, r-nt, I7onroe, Fierce,
&tcine, Iocl-, Fu='-, S'-.'r, '7alz7orth, T7,shin.'ton, -ud .innebago.


POIATO L.. -.-I- .. -: ( jo,'c. fa'o. : r- Hr rr. )







-315-


COBN EAR 7WOM (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)


Mississippi


M. M. High (Septenber 30): The tomato fruit ormnn, while not
so numerous the past season as last ycir, has done considerable
damage to tomatoes and corn. A after the tomato crop was made
the moths continued to deposit on the leaves where the young
larvae are feeding at this time.


CABBA GE

WEB70RMS (Cramnbus sp.)


South
Carolina


J% 0, Pepper (October 8): Webiorms have been reported as
injuring cabbage and turnip greens in the coastal plain section
of the State.


IM:POETiD CABBAC-3 70-JI (Pieris r-.-p-o L,)


Wisconsin




Missouri


Wisconsin


S. B, Fracker (October 19): About the usual d nr', c- in the
commercial cabb'oge gro!7ing districts, Reported from Cravrford,
Eau Claire, Green Lake, Kenosha, Lrnjlad--, LAonroe, Racine,
Rock, and Waukesha Counties.

E& Hasenmn (September 30): Thile the early summer c'bbaze
showed relatively few cabbage worms in Missouri, the late
cr-bbage suffered severely from heavy infestations of the im-
ported cabbage -orms.

CABBAGE MAGOT (Bylemyia brassicae Bouche)

S. B. Fracker (October 19): Some belated county reports
as follows: Jackson, 20 per cent damage; Kenosha,total loss
in some seedbeds; Pacine, bad.


CABIAGE LOOPER (Autographa brassicae Riley)


Mississippi


South
Carolina


Georgia


Mississippi


7M. I. High (Septnember 30): The cabbage looper is quite
plentiful on young cabbage, collards-, mustard, and turnips
at this time at Gulfport. Many young plantings have been
severely injured,


J.O.Pepper (October 15): Patches of cabbage, collards, and
turnip greens are being seriously d-i.ged in some |oc&1ities
of the State.

Oliver I. Snapp (October 21): The infestation here (Fort Valley)
is still heavier than normal.

M11. M. High (September 30): The harlequin cabbage bug has appeared
about 'Gulfport in unusually large numbers the past fe'7 vreeks. Some
mall plantings of collards have been almost completely destroyed


HINFJ EQU31T BUG Q:urp-ntia histrionics Haln)








-316-


by t'is bug. One gro'.-er reports cl?.ning them up from his plr _c
by turning.the chickens into hi'is. .rden fov a short time.

,* A. 'FLEA. 2E(LFhdy-.llotreta' biustul e F'b.)

M, :. Hi2i (Septcaber 30).: This flea beetle is no"' abundant on
turnips, cabbage, coll'.rdz, c-ni rmustard ebou.t Long Bcach -nli
Gulfport,. Its injury, lo-rever, has b en greatly lessened by the
application of arsenicals.

ST3I ED LEP .2ZET1,3 (Thnvllotret: vitt ta F"b.)
* .' 2"


7isconsin


2


S. B, Frockc-r (October 19): The county agent of Kc-iosha County
Reports that a flen. be.atle" .-ic.he'vy lo-sscs to-yoa,.n cabbavge- '
plants thrTe this .eason. IJ; s pro'bably P. "jit*Ftni..
S T5.-:'-3 71E. Y

&G- .'ET SL!:- (A--rioIim.Y a:rcs 'is L.)

M., H. S-enk (Septrember 30): In the vicinity of pierce, Eierce
Coanity-, the cverbcr.ri. s.ti-,'brrics are .reportd-, as tein seriously
injured by an excessive K;.:un3?nce of the tr-'. r r-'.err snail
Arriolirn-x rcestis. 2esidcnts of this section state thrt they
nL'.,r had trouble vit!s this pczt before. It is r-porti -,s -lso
attacking- late cuc-r;mb.rs and tom,,toes..


B3A:7 A 'ITD (Ar'3.iZ r'.licG L. )T*


Ohio


South
Carolina


Ohio


Wisconsin


J, S. Ho'0cr .(October 2)* 0he insect rho q.'t.: tro'ublesome in
Fr-'r2.lin. Picka--.y, .3oss, -yette,: *".n. F-irfi'Ad Countir;, rnd
at Coshocton. R-rly limnas *.*.-.vJr; st roly injre., .nj 1te
limn-as ec-'p-i because. the outbren;11 of the pest ra s ext.:-ir.uted
for:tho most part throu. th'_i;..ct-ivities of prd-.tors and
parasi t uZ.

LI'a BSM:VI]IE ':-,3 (oonortilota nubi[l Mll Hulst),

J. 0. Pepper (S:ptemioer 2c?): CGarden bean plants infested 7ith
.-hat is apparently the larvae of the limp. bean vine borers have
been sent in fro:t .$t,; tes'* *


E3 W. :.Tedenhall (October 9): The 2exican an beetle is reported
as quite bal in NWv" i-zris, Preble County, and vicinity, and is
doing some da T,.'. ;. ...


S. B,. Frck-r *(Octob.'r 19): Additional county reports are es
follo-s: Brov.-n, Grant, St. Croix, and 1aukesha,


L';i Ss i s. Gppi


I"xrCAI : .. .... .....: ot


P\7 Ajr-'I.. (l!!inbir- i Ka !t.) '









-_17-


IIT (Dia.Ohania TS valiita L.
I ELOiJ ".70 (DiaTphania hva!lri-ata L.)


Mississippi


M. MI, High (Septerr-ber 30): The melon worry has done serioiis
iu-ar, to the melc'i crop in so,-thl-rn Mississippi the past
season. In some small plantings the infestation ran as high
as ?0 to 90 per cent. 'The most crious in'L was to
cantaloupes.


MLO:-T APHID ( E ssvtyii lCov.)


Missouri


In, F2.Sceron (Septc.-ber 3JO): io'2.-.--u.:t the .-......r an lice
T7:.e-j..3;Ll y score..c;_ on- va,ioua t:e_ *_ rp3 -1. r.i g
S&pt':ber the melon louse :-ttracted zcme attention an'1 did
so::ie doma 7c, though less than '-oa.


EGr-LAN1T LACE BJUG (Gara-ohia solani I.-id.)


South
Carolina


J. 0. Pepper (October 10): Eggplants are being damaj.-1 by
this insect in some localities of the State.


BETS

BEET LVFH0P-Z( (.itte ix ten ellus Baker)


Utah


Kay Sakimura (October 25): The harvesting of sugar-beet
crops is now going on in the Delta di.'trict, The cr-p has almost
been destroyed. According to the sugar factory officials, there
were three or four carloads of beets this season from this
area, and its planted acreage this spring was 1,615 acres. This
poor crop is resu] t of the attack of the sugar-beet leafhopper
Dhtt'-tix tenellus. The weather conditions this season wer:c very
dry and available irrigation water supply uas 50 per cent of
normal. Thts drought has been also partly r-,:z.isible for the
poor crop; all beet gro-ers applied irritation upon curly-top
beets but even this didno3t bring about good growth, As stated
in my previous letter, the leafhopper was very abundant all over
the beet fields, and infested curly-top beets were nearly 100
per cent. Many growers discontinued beet growing and are turning
to alfalfa seed raising.

Geo. F. Knotllton (October 25): The beet crop in southern Utah
wTas almost a complete failure, though some beets were shipped
out of :Elsinore, Delta, and a fe7 other localities. The curly-
top disease was largely responsible, the beet leafhopper,
Euttetix tenella Baker, being found breeding in great numbers
all thvaugh this section.of the State., An the lowlands.








-318-


Utah


Virginia


SUGAR BEET ROOT MAGGOT (Tetanops aldrichi Hendel)

Geo. F. Knowlton (October 23): The sue r beet toot maggot did
less damrnige than usu-l this year, though some affected beets
were found around Lev.iston and Aizs.Io this spring.

SP1 IICH

HAM.IIAII BEET 77E570M (Ha.ienia fascialis Cramer)

F. W, Poos (October 15): Present in outbreak numbers on eprly
planted spinach at Norfolk. Has never been reported as damaging
spinach as far as I am able to learn,


PPPER WEEVIL (thonomus euenii Cano)
PEPE WEEVIL (Anthoriomus euagenii Cano)


California


E. 0. Essig (September 30); Larvae destroyed one-fourth acre of
peppers, and affected the whole crop at Chino, damage being serious.


TURNIPS

TURNIP APHID (-iopalosiphum ps-udnbrassicae Davis)


Mississippi






Mississippi


Mississippi






Alabara


M, M. High (September 30): The turnip aphid is now shmwiig
up in numbers on turnips, mustard, cabtage,and collards, but
is not as yet so abundant as last year at Gulfport. It is being
successfully controlled *"ith the timely np-olication of nicotine
dust.
CABAGE WEBWORM (Hellula undalis Feb.)

M. M. High (September 30): The imported cabbage webworm is
now Ehoving up in some numbers on mustard and turnips at
Gulf port. It is doing more damage j-L,.t nov to Chinese mustard
but is found in lesser azmbers on collards and cabbage.

SWEET POTATO

STEET-POTATO TEVIL (Cylas formicarius Feb.)

K. L. Cockerham (October II): During the last three years in
Pearl Piver County, in the vicinity of Picayune, 123 farms have
been found infested pith the sweet-potato weevil. So far during the
present season, after most intensive inspections, only one farm
has shown infestation. It is thought that sweet potatoes will
soon bi moving to markets from this section aLin.

K. L. Cockerham (October II): Last year in Baldwin County, Ala,,
in the vicinity of Foley, 62 farms were found infested w:ith the
sweet-potato weevil. To date this season, only two farms have
shoTnrn any infestation. More than 300 cars of potatoes were









-319-


inspected during the shipping season and hundreds of farms
have been inspected since, It is very gratifying that this
great reduction has been made in one year. The Foley section
is a commercial potato-.^ro:.'ing area and the crop is annually
worth a half million dollars,

COFFEE-BEAN WEEVIL (1-3e.e-e-us fasciculatus DeG.)

K. L. Cockerham (October 4): This insect is usually a feeder
on seeds, dried fruits, and rotten or decayed sweet potatoes;
but I, W. Berryhill reports it as fcmding 6n sleet -,otatoes
on four farms near Foley. It was found bciring in the sound
tuberss, very much as the sweet-potato weevil does. In the
storage houses, where cull potatoes were, considerable damage.
was being done, The insect must have been breeding freely in mmn -
fied potatoes near by and extended its activities to include
dound tubers. No sign of injury to potatoes or vines in the
field could be found.


BANDED CUCUMBER BEETLE (Diabrotica balteata Lec.)


K. L. Cockerham (September 30): In inspecting and checking over
a 50-a.cre field of sweet potatoes on the county convict farm
this insect was found to be very aiunmd-nt, At every step, as my
feet disturbed the vines, the adults s,-7rmcd into the air.
A considerable number of feeding marks wure noted on the leaves.
This is the heaviest infestation of this insect I have ever noted
on sweet potatoes.

SWEET POTATO LEAF BEETLE (T1piorbcr-s viridicyaneus Cr..)

Haliard De La Parelle (September 27): Specimens of larvae taken
from sweet potatoes gro'. in Walker County, Ga. The seed
potatoes were imported from Orlando, Fla., about three years
ago, Barnyard manure was used on this piece of land for fertili-
zation. The grub looks tome like a species of Scarabaeidae.
(Determined by Dr, Adim Boving).


SUGARCAITE BEETLE (EMetheola rugice-ps Lee.)


Mississippi


Re Wo Harned (October 26): W. L. 5ray, Inspector for the State
Plant Board with headquarters at Natchez, investigated on
October 12 a report in regard to a beetle causing injury to sweet
potatoes, on the property of F. L. Gallon, at Fenwick, Adams
County. Mr. Gray found a beetle at work that he identified as
the rough-headed corn stalk beetle. He found that this beetle
had caused considerable damage to the sweet potatoes. He examined
three lots of potatoes and found that 25 per cent, 22 per cent,
and 32 per cent were unmTarketable because of injuries caused by
these beetles. He reports that this does not indicate the total
injury, as many of the potatoes that were slightly injured by the
beetles were still marketable.


Alabama


Alabama


Georgia









SOUTHERN F I ELD..-C"ROP I Ni SECTS


COTTON

BOLL 7TEEVIL (Aithono-us ?r-3ndis Boh.)


Louisiana


W. F. Hinds & assistants (September 30): Boll weevil
infestation has been generally heavy in the central and
southern parts of the State throughout the season. In-
festation in the northern pnrt was light until into August
and has since develop-d sufficiently to cut the fields
considerably, largely bec-use of the fact that the work of
the cotton flea hopper in the er.rly st'mmer delayed fruiting
on large areas so that the crop became abnormally late# This
is indicated also by the fact that cotton gimnning in many
sections 'is about one-.fourth of that ginned to the end of
September,1925,


COTTOIN FLEA HOPPER (Psallus seriatus Reut.)


Louisiana


W. Es Hinds & assistants (September O30): Cotton flea hopper
t7ork has resulted in decreased yields and in later fruiting,
In many fields, however, there was time for the plants to
recover and produce a fair crop in spite of this insect
because of the comparative freedom from weevil infestation
until after the 20th of August, The recurrence of the flea
hoppers on cotton in 1-927 'vill be watched very closely, If
this damage becomes regular it will be an exceedingly serious
factor in cotton production over a considerable portion of
the cotton belt.


COTTON LAJF W01E (Alabama ardillacea Hbn.)


Massachusetts




7irginia




Georgia





Ohio


P. Simmons (October 5): On September 8 and 9 large numbers
of these moths, as perfect as though just emerged from their
cocoons, became a nuisance in the business section by soiling
the windows at Pittsfield, Berkshire County,

J. L. 7vebb (October 27): Bnrly in October leaf worms were
defoliating cotton in the experimental plates on the
-Arlington Farm. I am under the impression that the larvae
have never been recorded so far north before.

Oliver I. Sn-ipp (September 28): The cotton worm had com-
pletely. stripped the foliage from a large field of cotton
he-r Fort Valley by this date. The top crop of cotton in
the field will be reduced as a result of the insect. Most
of them have now pupated.

G6 A. Ruhner (October 5): !'Loths of the cotton caterpillar
begpn to appear during the second week in September. Were
abundant on gropes, peaches, and apples at Sandusky by
-320-







-321-


Nebr".ska












Missouri





Kansas



Mississippi


Louisiana


Haiti


South
Carolina


September 15, First specimen observed at S-'nusky on
September 12, Numbers increased greatly by September 25.
Tne species has been reported more ab',.i-:-t Than usual in
all of the fruit-producing counties of Ohio bordering on
Lake Erie.

H, Swernk (September 30)- During the -k of Setember 19
to 25, citizens of Hall, Howard, and Greeley Co-xities, in
east-csnt-r-.l ebr:,.1v.1 reported a heavy flight of the cotton
worm moth Alab T. arM-ll ,cea Hbno, These moths s'."ar..-d imoztly
about the strawberry beds, and were uniformly reported as doing
serious injury to the everbearin- strawberries by sucking the
juice from the interior of the borry, lea-in it apparently
sound but really soft arnd. v:orthless Similtr reports rwere
received from the same region during a s..2iL,.r flight of the
moths five years ago, (October 15)9 The flight of the cotton
worm mention&.; in the above report wTs supplerentId by a smaller
flight during the second. week in October,

L. Hasemn (Septaiber 30): The cotton leaf worm has done much
d-r.iagoe to the foliage of cotton in the southern part of the
State and. during the last half of September the mi=.tory
moths appeared throu.ho,.t the Str.te, dr-ginZ2t grapes, late
peaches, and other fruit,.

J. W, Mccolloch (October 20): Adults injured pe-chcs at Studley
and Iaola, and stra.o berries at Lamed, The larvae rri'nsd cotton
in an experimentl-I plot at Topeka.

K. L' Cockerham (October 22): All during the month of October
I have noticed the heaviest flight of these moths that I have
seen for years at Biloxi, collecting around lights at night,
Wv E. Hind & assistant (September 30): Cotton leaf ',orms
occurred abundantly through the northern and northwestern
portions of- the State during the latter part of Augast, and
through September have stripped most oJ the cotton where
no poison was applied to check them. This has decreased yields
and lowered equality in a very considerable degree.

Geo. No Wolcott (October 12): After considerable poisoning
at this place, Cul-de-Sac plain, Alabama .rgil lacea Hbno
has practically disipperred but I noticed an abundance of eggs
the last time I *as there, and am expecting an outbreak there
within the next week or t',7o. Alabama has not appeared elsewhere
around Port-au-Prince this season, and no reports have come
in of injury elsewhere in -^iti,


BOLL 70I. (Heliothis obsoleta Fab.)


Ja 0, Pepper (October. 1): Many re-orts from various parts of
the Piedmont section ha-,e been received stating that the cotton
boll worm is doing severe damage to cotton bolls in many fields.This














Louisiana


Haiti


Louis iana


insect has been un.niI.:lly &uun'2?Tt in the State this year.

H ZC,_T A?HID (Ahis .s -.-.i Clov.)

-r E. Hinds & assistants (Scptanbcr 2O): Cotton p,.Tnt lice
develolad. t-bu.urdn--ntly in July, but were Inter cntroll 2
by frequent driving r-'.1--i so thpt their d,- ge wr s not so
serious as it m='%a ; ha%3 beenothnr'.:ise.


G-eoe :, Jclcott (October 12): Two or three vceis a,-o a c-.r-'.ous
outbr& c.f ths cet red. spiLicr occ'-rrc. on one t-.ti
ne'r the r-'--thern ,boi.t..'y of the Cul-1de-Sac plairn, but ::2:,vy
rains since ar- nolW .'L.&l it under con.trol.


STU,..:7- 2B:?.:ZP (Diatrae s-.cchirzlis F.'b,)


Wz Z, Hinds & assist..nts (3o?];ember 30): The sugarcane Z rer
infestation has bean ruch lighter th--.n the avera.7e thro-i.-"iout
the s _.esn, in spite of the fact that the infstation in t.e
-fall of 12"25 w, the heaviest ever e.-peric.-ce. The s.-jo'cane
~1 -. %A Me2 sra th 1 -"
borer attack is c-idently concntr!ted cn enrly planted corn
rather than on cane during the first t,7o eeraticns, a-d is
than tra:.s2..,rri bo c.no. principally at the bTginin.r cf t'he
third genera tion. -e fourth ,cn-r.tion is r-ow under l.y but
the season is so late that only a partial fifth .rnz ration
is c:..t.. to develop in tl-e souther-n cd.g of tl,-! crno area.


SUGAPLC2:..:' 12T-Lj ( cthc3l. ru.--ic ns L:z,)


Louisianma


Hait


W, Yo Finds ^ assistants (Scptember 30): The rough-,he',acd
suanrcane beetle Ias been abundmant in many localities thro-u4
the season, Adults hva'.-: been active th--.ou-, a lou-i'or priod
than hcrto-"oro rpo'tl- A sample of sugrcar.e reccoived
about Septcb: 20 s.o.. se'.-r.l .3etles rorki:.-g in the
basal. section of the stalk.


F 0 R B 3T A T D SHA D E-T BEE I "I S E C T S

SIS C 7.-i A i E '7 "Ivj- ''T

A PY.I. S'T2Z'3LY ('.i :-orone .vs:.d Goiart)

Geo .TN, 7olcott (Octob r 12)" 2 urin g April and. i.y con=idCrr,.la
numbers of this butterfly 7-mrenoted flying in ?ort-'a-Princa,
oft-n as hi:h as the tots of the roil palmn trees. This early
in the se zoG: they did nort sae-m to be going in any particular
direction. Mis mcodcrate fli-it continu..c. during July and Auuit.
E-.rly in Sc-ptcmber there 'ns a decdcid incr3as3 in their n:zmbers


'7'-i'3


COT'TCJ .r;. Sr--ID.. (Totr:,vchus tel-rS L.)







17 p
- Lr


I:issouri


Kansas






iTorth
Ca rolina


rnd by the middle of this --o.th the peak of a`',jnfnnce ':s reached,
A reek later'very f !'- ero to b'e seen. Tho c3nt a' of abdmrnce
appeared to be the more desert portion of the plain of the
Cuil-do-Sac, esp-ci.lly nea=r the 2oat, Trh. insects 'ere migrating
north and north.-est-,-rd at l.--ct _0 or 40 miles. During the time
of the heaviest flight rato..obile rp.adiators '7ere completely
covered vith the bodies of these insects and heree ooll pf.-1 Yles
'rere w.v.ilnble the butterflies "?ere so r-xiero'.s that clouds
were st-rtled by passing crs nd h-undreds of seci..c-s iould
strike occupants. During the peak of the flight the insects "'ere
:*rving ster dily northT'nrd, closely siirting the coi:t, very often
stopping to drink the salty :;.ter fro.Ti the ve-istened stones
e d drift-0ood. -.-dJ.reds of the lrvwe of these butterflies Tere
found on the trunks of i;,-vitae,-hich ap -3rs to be the food
plant of this species. The only -.ar!site of these larvr~e obs=:"ed
ras a species of Apanteles.

.BAGT:O- (_Thvri. dopteryx e ahe.. er eformnis iIa'.1.)

T. Haserman. (Septa-ber 30): Thje bagorm has been attr-cting
conrilErs.ble attention in the -various sections of the State.

J. 7. UicColloch (October 20): T-:-o reports of injury to cedsrs
have bern received rece.-.tly fror. Colony and 'ot-cnd City.



07.f-.i-R BUG (LsetLocoris trivittatus Say)

Z. P. eitcalf (October 19): The first time this insect has been
reported in this State so far as our records go. F-eported from-
..ek County.


CAL-HOR TIHP.IS (Cr',otothTrips floriFEn -is Watson)


2.liFssissi-ppi


Virginia


:: ,Hig (September 30SO): Te camphor thrips has.-done serious
injury in spots to camphor trees al!ng the iississippi Coast
the past few months, one serious infestation being at the U. S.
Veterans Hospitel 7o. 74 in Gu-alfport, -;here the authorities
in cooperation ';ith this station sprayed the trees 7'ith nicotine
sulphate and whale-oil soap w-ith most excellent rosultSo


:' L A\'' BE3S (Galerucella z7.thomlaena Schr rC:)

monthly Letter of the iurau of EMtomolgy ITo. 149 (Sept.-ber):
'illiam MAiddleton --ece-ntly visited Test -_d, n_-r Gordonsville,
where he is att r-Fti.'3 to establish introduced parasites of the
elfi leaf beetle. The beetle infestation is rather heavy this
year and the trees are shoring severely the effects of years of
defoliation,







-324-


COTTONIY M,2FLE SCAJLE (-vlvinaria vitis L.)


Nebraska


Wisconsin


II, H, Swenk (October 15): Complaints of serious injury by the
cottony maple scale (Talvinaria vitis) to soft rmalez and
locust trees in Box Butte County during the past season Tere
received duririnz the second. week in October.

_OAZ

A :O-rj. ([etgrocari-a spb, apparently oLiniua ?cckard)

S. B. Fracker (October 19): This caterpillar has cleaned up
most of the oak leaves in a 2C0-acre woodlot at Tsylor, Jackvon
County.


OAK 7,.'.OPI. (A.rchips fervidana Walk.)


Wisconsin


Wisconsin


S, B. Frackcr (October 19): Scrub oaks severely attached in June
and mninv defoliated at Tausaukee; many of them have developed
a ner crop of leaves.


ABBOT'S HI S PIITh SAT7LY (Lophyrus abbotii Leach)

S. B. FraCker (October 19): A small amount of defoliation in
one plonted grove examined at Iauk'-.onago, 7a-'-ckesha County.


PIPE TUBE BUILDER (Eulia politana Har.)


IT:1w York


G. I.. Codding (September 26); Found on practically all rhite
pines in noticeable quantities in Westchester County. More
prcvl.,nt each yecr.


POPLAR

FOPIAR TET CATERPILLAR (Melalo-nha inclusa Hbn.)


.aryland


Nebi aska


r. Brumn (Scptenber. 30): Collected on Populus sp, (Lomnoardy
poplar) at Chevy Chase about September 30, Deteirrineod by Dr.
Carl Heinrich of the Bureau of Entomology as I.elalorha inclusa.
Thc.y had defoliated several trees.

CO'OI.CCD APHID (Teothomasia bruneri Williams )

:I. H, Svwenk (September 33): In Dawes and Box Butte Counties
during. the third v;ee.k in Septeber, the aphid Chaitophorus
bruneri .7as reported doing injury to poplars by sucking the







-325-


sap from the new, shoots and tender bark,

WILLO-

HICX:: J'HFID (Lon;pstigna caryre Herr.)


Indiana


Washington


Mississippi


Florida


H. F, Dietz (October 8): The large sycamore aphid is the only
plant louse that has become abund.,nt enough .this year to attract
the attention of the layLnn. -.e hIave had numerous report of
this plant louse on willow and in the past irciith have co.:_-.only
found it on the trunks and larger _:i-is of a number of diffe...r-t
willows in nurseries.

SATI :OT-i, (Stilpnotia salicis L.)

California State De'i-tment of Agriculture 'e',-s Leter, Tvolume
8, ITo. 21 (October i6.): The satin moth, an insect vrhich does
serious &rip.e to poplar and. villov trees, has been fond in
portions of the State- of iashin>on, T'here it has migrated
from British Colk-mbia, according to information gi-.-- out today
by A. C, Fleury, Suoer', ising Quarantine Officer of the California
Department of Agriculture, and all Tillor and poplar trees, or
cuttings, coming from 7ashington and from eastern zoctions of
the United States "here the moth is prevalent are prohibit--i-
entry into California.
In issuing the statement tegarding the satin moth the
Depart;,n3nt says that this dan-.',ous insect, although not v-,,idely
prevalent in the United States, has been laowm to exist for some
time in portions of X,.ine, WL- Hampshire, Tassachusetts, -'hoda
lar~nd, and Washington, and recently has been discovor-d in
Connect cut.


GR E EN H 0 U S-E A D 0 ORNAMENTAL P L A NT S

.ISCEILX3EOUTS F1,

*A, '..,OR..-, (Cirphis unimuncta Haw.)

K. L. Cockerham (October 3): .From July to the present date
the Biloxi Golf course has had sporadic and isolated outbrep'Ks
of the armyworm on different parts of its course; the ,orcs
at times threatened the destruction of fairways and gro:ns, but
have been controlled in every instance '-,ith the application
of poison mash, without any material injury. The brood 7hich
showed up the last !eek in October is apparently the last one
of the season.

A I.-LE C-.ICZET (probably S2a teriscus abbreviatus Scud.)

". D. Leonard (September 28): I have received the report that
about 15 acres of .fairT'ays are badly attached at the country
club here (St. Aiugustine), and extensive use of poisoned bait







-0-


and carbon disulphid is being resorted to.

APHI TDA2

Ind ia -:-a Harry F, Dietz (October 8): 7he roots of such c-'1 t--t-
and native composits (-'ecds) as I have ex-.:i-. iS :'..
are alive with pl(nt lice, rorla (Tr-Ina) erip.ero'.- "
Plants examined were vwild lettuce (Lactucr. s;.': i:.. .;i.n,
asters, and zinnias, One variety of cultivated as-.J:
(Cmii*ste'rhus hOrtensis) has been found -7hich do- r.ot
collapse under the attacks of this pest, but g-rovs i.i cpite
of a heavy infestation.

HIBISCUS
L-iSSLR SNO"; SCALE (Hemichionaspis minor !..sa,)

Florida 14. D. L--cr-ird (September 15): A large planting rl.ci7 t'-,e .n-:n
boulevard of the Thitefield Estate (Sarasota) has r.*: of the
shrubs .=derately to severely encrusted with this sc312.
Detzrnr:inid by Mr. H. i.Torrison.


L,
ROSE STI.I GIPDLR (-ii:.s viridiAs var, f_' ?z! )

ichij.: Eileen W. Erlanson (Septenber 22): The bane of my li.'p(Vs
a rocarin.) is the Europran boring beetle identif'.-e'! ."7 ',he
Bureau of Ehtomology as this species. This is very b.'JF3. ,n
native species -i.d vas apparently only recently i"tnL*'-e-:?C'.a ,
The larvae make a spiral bore in the cambium o0' t'i, tI:-:, c-on-
old shoots and successfully kill them off in A-,.;t- Th. -er
I spotted t'he sone .--t in the wild rose collecti:-: at [
Arnold Arborot-un., University.of ,.ichi n, and sh.ll -"-o ',- Ly
hear a howl going up from nurserymen before lo:i.

ichi&nn R* H. Pettit (October 7): I received 'That appears to be the
roce- stem girdler in rose canes, from Jackson. "*e .wve not
seen an;- adults but the vork is so characteristic 4-:. uft.r
reading Dr, Britton's descriptions and seeing, his il1:-7.tions,
I -'uld not h-E-',itate to say that the work is that of P rr2 ..
vir-dis L, Variety f Ratz.


INSECTS ATTACKING MAN AND

D M 0 ST I C A I MAL S



iU)s C PI3tILA, (:.e mlopyge ooercl..aris S. & A.)


Fe C. Bishcpp (October 2c): early in October reports of people


T-7a s










-327-


GEIPAL






Missouri




Nebraska


Te97-as -
lebraska


Indiana


Texas


being stung by the caterpillar of this r-ccies in this
locality (Dallas) began to come in. The caterpillars have been
fairly abundant in several sections of the city, and some
spraying has been done to destroy them. The outbreak, however,
has not 'ben nearly so severe as that of 19202

FLEAS (Siphonaptera)

Po C. Bishop (October 26); The infestation of dwellings and
outbuil.inZs by the cat or the dog flea, Ctenocephalus felis
Bouche or C. canis C-'rt,,has continued into October as indicated
by the reports cor-ing from various parts of the country. It
appears that the past su.zjc-r has been one unusually favorable
to flea development.

Le Haseman (September 30): The Department has had n:m--'er-us
complaints regarding epidemics of fleas in farm buildings
during the mc;nth. It is seldom that complaints rewarding fleas
continue to come in to the office so lat3.

M, He Swenk (Ssptember 30): %he do,. flea Ctcnoce-h-lu5s cis
Curt. was reported as heavily infesting farn ; ,. and %..ildings
in Knox County, during the third, .eeL in Septh:.-ber. (Octcber 15):
The dog flea was also reported as~troublescms household pest
during the period covered by this report, October I to 15o

UIHFI' FLEL (Pulex irritans L.)

F. C* Bishopp (October 26): Reports of the infestation of houses
and outbuildings with the human flea have continued to come
in during Septe:r.ber and early October. Cases of very heavy
infestations have been reported from "Tebrasc?_., and Mr. Parman
has also investigated a rather heavy infestation on a ranch near
Uvalde, Tex.


MHOSQUITOES (Culicidae)


Harry P. Dietz (October 8): Mosquitoes (Cu.lex spp,) have been
unusually abundant during Septen--ro. We have received several
calls from nursermen asking us 'Th.ht they could do to get rid
of these pests as they so annoyed the men who were budding trees
as to i-Pke good .:'ork im.possible. Children have been so severely
bitten as to be made ill,


Ya-TLO--FE'JE-R MOSQUITO (Acdes ae..ti L. )


PF. C. Bishopp (October 26)" Yello'w.fever mosquitoes have been
unusually ab-ixidarnt in this vicinity (Dallas) during the present
cummer and fall. They are still (October 26) causing considerable
ahnoyance in and about residences.









-328'-


CAT...

--0? FL.--Y (eatcbia iri- .' L.)

.MioAcaii L -imn (Septtaber 30): During the last half of September
this blood-sucking fly had attracted't much attention. o!0e':er,
the cold wave which s-ept the State during the last few days
of September materially reduced their numbers.

Texas F. C. Bishop (October 26), 2orn flies did not become so
numerous On cattle'in this section (Dallas) this. fall as usual.
nThe -qverage nuinber per head at the prc-srit time probably does
not exceed 50.

STABLE FLY (Stomroxys calcitrniis L.)

"jissouri L. Haseman (September 30): During the last hAilf of September
this blood-sucking fly had attracted much attention, However,
the cold wave which swept the State during the last few days
of September materially reduced their numbers.

C0b=O2jIT CATTLE GRUB (noToderma lineateum DeVill.)

T2exas F. C. Bi-hop? (October 26): Heel fly activity was obser.-:'
at Sonora by 0, G. Babcock on October 10. E. 7. Laake found
the backs of about 50 of the dairy cp.ttle in the vicinity
of Dallas infested on October 25. Most of the larvae were very
young, but a few had e-'vidently been present in the subdermal
tissues for at least 10 days.

(SCRE 1 (Cochliomyia mcllaria Fab.)

T2'-3 Fe C Bishopp (October 26): Reports from various parts of
Tox.-s indicate th2t the losses from the screw worn during the
present year have been heavy, though they have perhaps been
exc._cd by those of certain years in the past.
DOGS

BF07T3 DOG- TICK (Ehipicephalus sangudneus Latr,)

Foriaa F. C. Bishopp (October 26): A few specimens of this tick
tcre found on dogs in the city -oound., which indicates that this
species has become established as far north as Jacksonville,
rruvio' sly it was found only in the southern part of Floriia
ancd in southrectern Texas.



";i'; "ICTH (Calleri-. mellonella Lo)


1% H. S en/k (October 15): Df-ing the second week in October


i" eb': s:.'a 9











an instance of heavyj infestation of a small apiary in Hitchcock
County with the nax moth was received,

INSECTS INFESTING HOUSES AND PREI. S i

AN AIT (Cremastogaster lineolata Say)

At Ca Birrill (October 10): Rotting out clapboards and shingles
at Jefferson City, Cole Cowunty, by letting rain water in at
their borings. This is the second year they have swarmed late.
Tlis year on October 1 and 2 they were inside one house and
covering the outside at 1. p. mo on the second. Rain at 3 p. m.
destroyed many. I find this species in numbers in hundreds
of beehives.,


CIG2RETTE BEETLE (lasioderma serricorne Fab,)


South
Carolina




Kansas






Indiana






K-in q s




Kansas


iTebraska


J. 0. Pepper (October 13): The bags of cottonseed meal carried
over from last year are being seriously dama.;;d by the cigrette
beetle. The insect is present in large numbers at 7i.re Shoals,
some bags being completely covered, and severe d&iigs being
done.

J. .7, McColloch (October 20): Specimens of the larvae and
adults of the cigarette beetle were received from Lamed uith
the information that they were abundant in upholstered furniture
in a house there.

BOOK LOUSE (Troctes divinatoria iml1o)

Harry F. Dietz (October 8): Booklice (Atropos divinatoria)
have come to my attention as a pest of overstuffed furnit'u'e,
In each case the upholstering or packing material was flax
tow or Spanish moss, which, becoming moist on account of the
excessive humidity and rainfall, furnished an ideal material
as food for these insects.

J3 W. LrcColloch (October 20a A severe infestation of book
lice in furniture r-xs reported from Atchison on October 4.

TERAITES

Ja We McColloch (October 20): The follo-wing reports of termite
injury to dwellings have been received since the last report.
October 2, Pittsburg; October 7, Abilenc; Oc'tober 9, Ellsworth
and Abileneo

ELATCK CARPET BEETLE (Attagenus piceus Olivo)

M. H. Swenk (October 15): The bla&- carpet beetle wrs reported


Mis so-Uri





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
,.I i I1,, 1 1 1 11 III, II i l 11111 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 1
-30- 3 1262 09244 5252


as an i.n.jurlouz householdd pest durin-'thd period covered by
this re-oort, Octo-.cr 1 to 15.

wI';G CLOTHES .OTH (Tineola bsel i ella T.Hun.)

Yebraslka H. Swenk (October 15): Thne webbin; clothes moth was
reported as an injurious household pest during the period
covered by this resort, October 1 tu 15,

STO RED-G RAIN -INSECTS

STORBM-GRAIIT INSECTS (Severial .species)

M.:issouri L. Haseman (September 30): The storel-grain insects, particu-larly
the stored grain mrQths, have been attracting attention, and
farmers, millers, and elevator men have been calling for help
with grain fiunigation. .

KZn-.as J.* 7. McGolloch (October 20):, Reports of injijry to wheat in
farmerst bins have been received from Torcatur, Yates, Center,
Sharon Springs, and 7allace.

I.:'b-r.s.3 :r.-o R. Srenk (Sc-ptemb'er 30); Co" l--int of Ij.y b- to -grain
pests have continued to be received in i.cteasing num-bers dJuring
September. More reports are now coming in of injuLr to stored
heat than wmerc- received dUring -~.e first half of September,
tl-ou'h there are still numerous reports of injury to shelled corn.
he Ii-.r. r^~ -loth, Picdi-a intetpunrctFlia Hrbn.,is still
prorinr-ntly reported in stored corn.. 1These reports come from all
parts of the State. ('October 15). Diuinlg the first half of
October corjplhints of injury by stored-grain pests continued
to be received in about the same numbers as dur-ing the last half
of September. -e Indian meal moth continues to be i-ich complained
of. Fror: Red Willow County a re-ort was received of a hea&v
infoct.tion of store.-d corn by the drug-store beetle, Sitodrepa
ranicea L., alon: with a lesser abunant of the foreign g-ain
beetle, Ca.trhIt-.s advena Waltl,